Defiant® - Appliance Factory Parts

Defiant® - Appliance Factory Parts
Defiant®
Non-Catalytic
Woodburning Stove
Model 1610
Homeowner’s Installation
and
Operating Manual
For use in the
United States and Canada
Safety Notice: If this appliance is not properly installed, operated and
maintained, a house fire may result.
To reduce the risk of fire, follow the installation instructions. Failure to
follow instructions may result in property damage,0968
bodily injury or even
death. Contact local building officials about restrictions and installation
Defiant cover
inspection requirements in your area.
11/00
Do Not Discard This Manual: Retain for Future Use
Nous recommandons que nos appareils de chauffage
au bois soient installés et entretenus apr des
professionnels qui ont été accrédités aux É.-U. par le
National Fireplace Institute® (NFI) comme étant des
spécialistes du NFI en matière d’appareilsde chauffage
au ois, ou qui sont accrédités au Canada
30002850 9/10 Rev. 16
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Welcome
Congratulations on your choice of a Vermont Castings Defiant stove. With this purchase you have made a commitment to make the hearth a place of warmth, beauty and comfort in your home. At MHSC, we share that joy and appreciation for the hearth. We assure you that your cast-iron Vermont Castings stove has been made with the utmost care
and will provide you with many years of service.
As you become acquainted with your new stove, you will find that its appearance is matched by its functionality, due to
cast iron’s unique ability to absorb and radiate heat.
Also, MHSC products are among the cleanest-burning wood stoves and fireplaces available today. As an owner of a
Vermont Castings stove, you make a strong statement for pollution-free energy. However, clean burning depends on
both the manufacturer and the operator. Please read this manual carefully to understand how to properly operate and
maintain your stove.
At MHSC, we are equally committed to your satisfaction as a customer. That is why we maintain an exclusive network
of the finest dealers in the industry. Our dealers are chosen for their expertise and dedication to customer service.
They are factory-trained and knowledgeable about every MHSC product. Feel free to contact your Authorized Vermont
Castings Dealer anytime you have a particular question about your stove or its performance.
This manual contains valuable instructions on the installation and operation of your Vermont Castings Defiant. It also
contains useful information on maintenance. Please read the manual thoroughly and keep it as a reference.
Sincerely,
All of Us at MHSC
This manual describes the installation, operation, and maintenance of the Vermont Castings Defiant Model 1610
non-catalytic wood burning heater. This heater meets the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s emission limits for
wood heaters sold on or after July 1, 1990. Under specific test conditions this heater has been shown to deliver heat
at rates ranging from 9,700 to 26,600 Btu/hr.
The Defiant Model #1610 has been tested and is listed by OMNI-Test Laboratories of Portland, Oregon. The test
standards are ANSI/UL-1482 and ANSI/UL-737 for the United States, and ULC S627 for Canada. The Defiant is
listed for burning wood only. Do not burn other fuels. The Defiant is not approved for use in manufactured (mobile)
homes.
We recommend that you hire a professional installer certified by the Wood Heat Education and Research Foundation
(WHERF) or the Wood Energy Technical Training (WETT) to install your stove, or to advise you on the installation
should you attempt to install it yourself.
Please read this entire manual before you install and use your new stove. Failure to follow instructions may result in
property damage, bodily injury, or even death.
Save These Instructions for Future Reference
30002850
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
The Story of the Defiant
No wood-burning appliance, save for Ben Franklin’s Pennsylvania Fireplace, has a stronger heritage than the Vermont Castings Defiant. Named for a 19th-century steamship, the original Vermont Castings Defiant Wood Stove came
to epitomize America’s resolve and independence during the Energy Crisis of the 1970s.
The year was 1975. With energy prices going through the roof, without an attractive or efficient wood stove to be
found anywhere, two entrepreneurs set out to create a stove that was both beautiful and highly functional. Finely
crafted from cast iron, the Defiant was the first wood stove to combine an artistically designed exterior with a methodically engineered interior, using new technologies for efficient combustion.
Americans purchased over a quarter-million Defiants, as they rediscovered the common sense of heating with wood,
a home-grown fuel with none of the political and economic entanglements of foreign oil.
Thirteen years later, in 1988, Vermont Castings ‘retired’ the Defiant, replacing it with modern wood-burners such as
the Encore.
With its 1998 return, a new Defiant incorporated all the finest aesthetic, convenience, and performance features to be
found on any wood stove. After continued development, this Defiant model 1610 non-catalytic model continues the
tradition of the original Defiant while incorporating the very latest combustion technology. In a sense, the new Defiant
has been 23 years in the making.
Due to its significant role in American history, the original model Defiant is in the permanent collection of the Smithsonian Institution. Each new purchase of the Defiant stove continues that history.
Table of Contents
Specifications.........................................................4
Installation..............................................................5
Clearance Charts.................................................14
Assembly..............................................................20
Operation..............................................................22
Draft Management................................................28
Maintenance.........................................................31
Replacement Parts...............................................35
Warranty...............................................................39
Proposition 65 Warning: Fuels used in gas, woodburning or oil fired appliances, and the products of
combustion of such fuels, contain chemicals known to
the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects
and other reproductive harm.
California Health & Safety Code Sec. 25249.6
30002850
Installation Accessories
Warming Shelf
#0210 Classic Black
#0211 Biscuit
#0212 Midnight Blue
#0213 Ebony
#0214 Bordeaux
#0215 Chestnut Brown
#0216 Vt. Classic Green
#0217 Brown Majolica
#3265 Outside Air Kit
#1907 Firescreen
#1860 6” x 12” Oval Starter Pipe
#2767 Fan Kit
#0178 Flue Collar Heat Shield
#0168 Connector Pipe Heat Shield
A line of porcelain enamel stove pipe is available
in Biscuit, Bordeaux, Chestnut Brown, Ebony,
Midnight Blue, Vt.Classic Green colors.
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Specifications
Defiant, Model 1610
EPA Emissions rating .................................... 0.75 g/hr*
Range of heat output............ 10,000 to 30,300 BTU/hr.*
Maximum heat output.......................... 60,000 BTU/hr.**
Area heated..........................Up to 2,400 Square feet***
Fuel length.................................................................24”
Fuel capacity............................... 50 pounds, hardwood
Loading......................................................Front and top
Chimney Connector:
for 8” flue collar..................... 8” (203 mm) diameter
Chimney Flue Size:
with 8” Chimney Connector...8” (203 mm) minimum
with 6” Chimney Connector...6” (152 mm) minimum
Flue exit position......................................... Top or Rear
Primary Air.............................................. Manual control
Secondary Air................................Fixed, self-regulating
Ash handling system...................... Removable ash pan
Glass panels......................... High-temperature ceramic
Weight................................................ 490 lbs. (222 kg.)
Width (leg to leg)................................... 32C\,” (822 mm)
Depth (leg to leg)...................................... 19” (483 mm)
Height to top of flue collar...................... 29M\,” (759 mm)
*Under specific conditions during EPA emissions testing.
** This value can vary depending on how the stove
is operated, the type and moisture content of the fuel
used, as well as the design, construction and climatic
location of your home. Figures shown are based on
maximum fuel consumption rates obtained under laboratory conditions and on average efficiencies.
*** These values are based on operation in building
code-conforming homes under typical winter climate
conditions in New England. If your home is of nonstandard construction (e.g. unusually well insulated, not insulated, built underground, etc.) or if you live in a more
severe or more temperate climate, these figures may
not apply. Since so many variables affect performance
consult your Authorized Dealer to determine realistic
expectations for your home.
Drawing Not to Scale
236M"
(603 mm)
18"
(457 mm)
Rear Venting
236"
(600 mm)
DEFIANT
DEFIANT
28(6"
(733 mm)
28(6"
(733 mm)
29(6"
(759 mm)
C
L
26"
(660 mm)
19"
(483 mm)
3156O"
(800 mm)
556"
(130 mm)
326"
(822 mm)
19"
(483 mm)
Fig. 1 Defiant NC dimensions.
1693
Defiant dimensions
1/02
30002850
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Installation
Before you begin an installation, be sure that:
• Your stove and chimney connector will be far
enough from combustible material to meet all clearance requirements.
• The floor protector is large enough and is constructed properly to meet all requirements.
• You have all necessary permits from local authorities.
Your local building official is the final authority for approving your installation as safe and determining that it
meets local and state codes.
The metal label permanently attached to the back of
every Vermont Castings’ stove indicates that the stove
has been tested to current UL and ULC standards, and
gives the name of the testing laboratory. Clearance
and installation information also is printed on the label.
When the stove is installed according to the information
both on the label and in this manual, local authorities
usually will accept the label as evidence that the installation meets codes and can be approved.
However, codes vary in different areas. Before starting
the installation, review your plans with the local building
authority. Your local dealer can provide any additional
information needed.
For any unresolved installation issues, refer to the
National Fire Protection Association’s publication
ANSI/NFPA 211 Standard for Chimneys, Fireplaces,
Vents and Solid Fuel Burning Appliances. For Canada,
the equivalent publication is CSA CAN-B365 Installation
Code for Solid Fuel Burning Appliances and Equipment.
These standards are the basis for many national codes.
They are nationally recognized and are accepted by
most local authorities. Your local dealer or your local
building official may have a copy of these regulations.
Important: Failure to follow these installation
instructions may result in a dangerous situation, including a chimney or house fire. Follow all instructions exactly, and do not allow makeshift compromises to endanger property and personal safety.
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Outside Air
In some modern, super-insulated homes, there may be
inadequate air supply for combustion because of insufficient air infiltration into the building. Such air enters a
home through unsealed cracks and openings. Exhaust
fans in kitchens or bathrooms can compete with the
stove for available air and compound the problem.
When poor draft is caused by a low infiltration rate,
opening a ground floor window on the windward side of
the house and near the stove will usually alleviate the
problem.
A better solution is to install a permanent outside air
supply to the stove and/or room. In fact, bringing air
for combustion from outside the home directly to the
air inlet of the stove is required for new construction in
some areas. The Defiant NC stove is equipped with an
outside air connection as standard equipment.
Pressure variations within the house do not affect a
stove equipped with an outside air supply, and improved stove performance often results. An Outside Air
Kit for the Defiant is available from your local dealer.
Chimney Height
Altitude affects chimney performance. When using an
8” oval to 6” flue collar adapter on the Defiant, refer
to Figure 1 for suggested chimney heights at various
altitudes. Chimney height should be measured from the
flue collar to the top of the chimney. The recommended
minimum chimney height is 16’ (5 m).
30
25
Height
safety NOTICE: IF YOUR DEFIANT IS NOT PROPERLY INSTALLED, A HOUSE FIRE MAY RESULT.
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE, FOLLOW THE
INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS. CONTACT LOCAL
BUILDING OR FIRE OFFICIALS ABOUT RESTRICTIONS AND INSTALLATION INSPECTION REQUIREMENTS IN YOUR AREA.
20
15
0
ST491
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
12000
Altitude
Fig. 2 Chimney height requirements with 6” chimney and/or
chimney connector.
ST491
Defiant
chimney height
11/2/00 djt
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
What Kind of Chimney to Use
Masonry Chimneys
You must connect the Defiant to a code-approved
masonry chimney with a flue liner, to a relined masonry
chimney that meets local codes, or to a prefabricated
metal chimney that complies with the requirements
for Type HT chimneys in the Standard for Chimneys,
Factory-Built, Residential Type and Building Heating
Appliance, UL 103. Figure 3 illustrates the two types.
The chimney and chimney connector must be in good
condition and kept clean.
If you use an existing masonry chimney, it must be
inspected to ensure it is in a safe condition before
the stove is installed. Your local professional chimney
sweep, building inspector, or fire department official
will be able to inspect the chimney or provide a referral to someone who can. See “Chimney and Fireplace
hazards”, in the appendix, for particulars.
A prefabricated doublewall insulated chimney
An inspection of the chimney must confirm that it has
a lining. Do not use an unlined chimney. The chimney
should have no cracks, loose mortar, other signs of
deterioration, and blockage. Repair any defects before
the chimney is used with your stove.
Unused openings in an existing masonry chimney must
be sealed with masonry to the thickness of the chimney
wall, and the chimney liner should be repaired. Openings sealed with pie plates or wallpaper are a hazard
and should be sealed with mortar or refractory cement.
In the event of a chimney fire, flames and smoke may
be forced out of these unused thimbles.
The chimney should be thoroughly cleaned before use.
A newly-built masonry chimney must conform to the
standards of your local building code or, in the absence
of a local code, to a recognized national code. Masonry chimneys must be lined, either with code-approved
masonry or pre-cast refractory tiles, stainless steel
pipe, or a code-approved, “poured-in-place” liner. The
chimney’s clean-out door must seal tightly. A loose or
leaky clean-out door can weaken chimney draft, causing performance problems.
Prefabricated Chimneys
A prefabricated metal chimney must be one tested and
listed for use with solid-fuel burning appliances to the
High-Temperature (H.T.) Chimney Standard UL-1031985 (2100°F) for the United States, and High Temperature (650°C) Standard ULC S-629 for Canada.
A tile-lined
masonry
chimney
ST241
Fig. 3 Approved chimney types.
The chimney must extend at least 3’ (914 mm) above
the highest point where it passes through or near a
roof, and at least 2’ (610
mm) higher than any part of a
ST241
building within 10’ chimney
(3 m) horizontally.
(Fig. 4)
types
12/13/99 djt
For proper draft and good performance, any chimney
used with a Defiant should extend at least 16’ (5 m)
above the flue collar of the stove.
0 To 10’
2’ Min.
3’
Min.
3’
Min.
AC617
Fig. 4 The 2’-3’10’ Chimney Rule.
AC617
RLTSKC8
2/11/98
Chimney Size
A Defiant with an 8” (203 mm) flue collar is approved
for venting into a masonry chimney with a nominal flue
size of 8” x 8” (203 x 203 mm) or 8” x 12” (203 x 305
mm), and into a round flue with nominal flue size of 8”
(203 mm). A Defiant with a 6” (152 mm) flue connector
is approved for venting into a masonry chimney with a
nominal flue size of 8” x 8” (203 x 203 mm), and into a
round flue with nominal flue of 6” (152 mm).
NOTE: When installed with a 6” flue collar, the Defiant may not be operated with the front doors open.
0 To 10’
2’ Min.
Reference
Point
DO NOT CONNECT THIS UNIT TO A CHIMNEY FLUE
SERVING ANOTHER APPLIANCE.
Whatever the flue collar size, a Defiant may be vented
into larger chimneys as well. However, chimneys
with liners larger than 8” x 12” (203 x 305 mm) may
experience rapid cooling of smoke and reduction in
draft, especially if the chimneys are located outside the
home. These large chimneys may need to be insulated
or have their flues relined for proper stove performance.
30002850
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Accessories to help make the connection between
stainless steel chimney liners and your Defiant are
available through your local dealer.
•
Chimney Connector Guidelines
A chimney connector is the single-wall pipe that connects the stove to the chimney. The chimney itself is the
masonry or prefabricated structure that encloses the
flue. Chimney connectors are used only to connect the
stove to the chimney.
Single-wall connectors should be made of 24 gauge
or heavier steel. Do not use galvanized connector; it
cannot withstand the high temperatures that can be
reached by smoke and exhaust gases, and may release toxic fumes under high heat. The connector may
be 6” (152 mm) or 8 “ (203 mm) in diameter.
If possible, do not pass the chimney connector through
a combustible wall or ceiling. If passage through a combustible wall is unavoidable, refer to the section on Wall
Pass-Throughs. Do not pass the connector through an
attic, a closet or similar concealed space. The whole
connector should be exposed and accessible for inspection and cleaning.
In horizontal runs of unshielded chimney connectors,
maintain a distance of 30” (762 mm) from the ceiling.
Keep it as short and direct as possible, with no more
than two 90° turns. Slope horizontal runs of connector
upward 1/4” per foot (6mm per meter) going from the
stove toward the chimney. The recommended maximum length of a horizontal run is 3’ (1 m), and the total
length should be no longer than 8’ (2.4 m). In cathedral
ceiling installations, extend the prefabricated chimney
downward to within 8’ (2.4 m) of the stove. This will help
maintain a good draft by keeping the smoke warm, so
that it rises readily.
Wear gloves and protective eyewear when drilling, cutting or joining sections of chimney connector.
Single-wall Chimney Connectors
• Begin assembly at the flue collar of the stove. Insert
•
the first crimped end into the stove’s flue collar, and
keep each crimped end pointing toward the stove.
(Fig. 5) Using the holes in the flue collar as guides,
drill 1/8” (3 mm) holes in the bottom of the first section of chimney connector and secure it to the flue
collar with three #10 x 1/2” sheet metal screws.
Lift off the griddle, and shield the stove’s surface
between the griddle opening and the front of the flue
collar to protect the finish when you drill the front
hole.
Fasten each joint between sections of chimney
connector, including telescoping joints, with at least
three (3) sheet metal screws. The pre-drilled holes in
the top of each section of chimney connector serve
30002850
•
as guides when you drill 1/8” (3 mm) holes in the
bottom of the next section.
Fasten the chimney connector to the chimney.
Instructions for various installations follow. Figure 6
illustrates the general layout of chimney connector
parts.
Be sure the installed stove and chimney connector
are correct distances from nearby
Toward
combustible materiStove
als.
NOTE: Special slip
pipes and thimble
sleeves that form telescoping joints between
Flue Gas
sections of chimney
Direction
connector are available to simplify instalST242
lations. They often
eliminate the need to
Fig. 5 Chimney connector.
cut individual conST242
Chimney
connectorabout these
nector sections. Consult your local
dealer
12/13/99 djt
special pieces.
Securing the Single-wall Connector to a
Prefabricated Chimney
Follow the installation instructions of the chimney
manufacturer exactly as you install the chimney. The
manufacturer of the chimney will supply the accessories to support the chimney, either from the roof of
the house, at the ceiling of the room where the stove is
installed, or from an exterior wall.
Special adapters are available from your local dealer
to make the connection between the prefabricated
chimney and the chimney connector. The top of such
adapters attaches directly to the chimney or to the
chimney’s ceiling support package, while the bottom of
the adapter is screwed to the chimney connector.
These adapters are designed so the top end will fit outside the inner wall of the chimney, and the bottom end
will fit inside the first section of chimney connector.
Securing the Single-wall Connector to a
Masonry Chimney
Both freestanding masonry chimneys and fireplace masonry chimneys may be used for your installation.
Freestanding Installations
If the chimney connector must pass through a combustible wall to reach the chimney, follow the recommendations in the Wall Pass-Through section that follows.
The opening through the chimney wall to the flue
(the “breech”) must be lined with either a ceramic or
metal cylinder, called the “thimble”, which is cemented
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Chimney
Flue
Elbow
Flue Inner
Without a thimble, a suitable length of chimney connector can be extended through the breech to the inner
face of the flue liner, and cemented securely in place.
Additional pieces of connector are then attached with
sheet metal screws.
Fireplace Installations
Slip Pipe
Standard
Connector
Oval to
Round Adapter
Thimble
The chimney connector may be connected to the
chimney above the fireplace opening or through the
fireplace.
Above the Fireplace
Flue Collar
ST492
The Defiant may be connected to a chimney above
a fireplace opening. (Fig. 8) In such installations, the
stove is positioned on the hearth in front of the fireplace
and the chimney connector rises from the stove top and
then angles ninety degrees back into the chimney. The
chimney liner should extend to the point at which the
chimney connector enters the chimney.
Fig. 6 An exploded view of the chimney connection in a freestanding masonry installation.
ST492
Defiant
securely in place. Most chimney
breeches incorporate
freestanding
thimbles, but the fit mustinstallation
be snug and the joint between
the thimble and the chimney
11/00 wall must be cemented
firmly.
Check These
Clearances
*
A special piece called the “thimble sleeve,” slightly
smaller in diameter than standard connectors and
most thimbles, will facilitate the removal of the chimney
connector system for inspection and cleaning. (Fig. 7)
Thimble sleeves are available from your local dealer.
*
Mantel
To install a thimble sleeve, slide it into the breech until
it is flush with the inner flue wall. Do not extend it into
the actual flue passage, as this could interfere with the
draft.
DEFIANT
Seal
This Off
Thimble Sleeve
Flue
ST244a
Chimney Connector
Keep
sleeve
end flush
with flue
tile
ST243
Fig. 7 The thimble, made of either ceramic or metal, must be
cemented securely in place.
The thimble sleeve should protrude 1-2” (25-50 mm)
into the room. Use furnace cement and thin gasketing
to seal the sleeve in place in the thimble. Secure the
ST243
chimney connector
to the outer end of the sleeve with
thinble connection
sheet metal screws.
12/13/99 djt
Fig. 8 In this installation, the chimney connector attaches to
the chimney above the fireplace opening.
If the chimney connector in your installation enters the
ST244 follow all the guidelines
chimney above a fireplace,
mentioned above for Plymouth
freestanding installations. In addifplc over mantel
tion, give special consideration
to the following points:
12/99
• Check the clearance between the stove and the
•
•
chimney connector, and any combustible trim or the
mantel.
Check the clearance between the chimney connector and the ceiling. The clearance should be at least
30” (762 mm) with unshielded connectors. Consult
the clearance charts for other installation options.
The fireplace damper must be sealed to prevent
room air from escaping up the flue. However, it
30002850
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
must be possible to re-open the damper to inspect
or clean the chimney.
Through the Fireplace
If your fireplace opening height is at least 29" (737 mm),
you may install a Defiant through the opening using a
“positive connection” kit, available from your local dealer. Positive connection kits ensure a tight fit between
the stove flue collar and the chimney flue. (Fig. 9)
Fireplace installations, whether connected to the flue
above or through the fireplace opening, have special
clearance requirements to adjacent trim and the mantel.
You’ll find the required safe clearances for Defiant fireplace installations on Page 12.
Figure 10 shows one NFPA-recommended method. All
combustible material in the wall is cut away from the
single-wall connector to provide the required 12” (305
mm) clearance. Any material used to close up the opening must be noncombustible.
Wall Stud
Chimney
Connector
Floor protection requirements also apply to fireplace
installations. This information is on Page 10.
DE
FIA N
12” of
Noncombustible
Material
Floor Protection
Flexible
Connector
ST493
Fig. 10 An approved wall pass-through for the United States.
Three other methods are also approved by the NFPA:
Mantel Shield
Fireplace Adapter Kit
“Positive Connection”
• Placing a section of chimney connector inside a
ST245
Fig. 9 Through the fireplace installation.
Wall Pass-Throughs
Whenever possible, design your installation so the conST245 a combustible wall. If you
nector does not pass through
are considering a wall fireplace
pass-through in your installation,
flex connector
check with your building
inspector before you begin.
12/99
Also, check with the chimney connector manufacturer
for any specific requirements.
Accessories are available for use as wall passthroughs. If using one of these, make sure it has been
tested and listed for use as a wall pass-through.
In the United States, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has established guidelines for passing
chimney connectors through combustible walls. Many
building code inspectors follow these guidelines when
approving installations.
30002850
ventilated thimble, which in turn is separated from
combustibles by 6” (152
mm) of fiberglass insulatST493
ing material.
Brick pass thru
11/00 connector inside a
• Placing a section of chimney
section of 9” (230 mm) diameter, solid-insulated,
factory-built chimney, with 2” (51 mm) of air space
between the chimney section and combustibles.
• Using a section of solid-insulated double-wall high
temperature chimney, with an inside diameter the
same as the chimney connector, at least one inch
of solid insulation, and a minimum of 9” (229 mm)
air space between the outer wall of the chimney
section and combustibles.
In Canada, The Canadian Standards Association has
established different guidelines for wall pass-throughs.
Figure 11 shows one method, in which all combustible
material in the wall is cut away to provide the required
18” (457 mm) clearance for the connector. The resulting
space must remain empty. A flush-mounted sheet metal
cover may be used on one side only. If covers must be
used on both sides, each cover must be mounted on
noncombustible spacers at least 1” (25 mm) clear of the
wall.
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
NOTE: There is only one stove configuration that
does not require thermal protection for a combustible floor. This is when the stove is installed
using an 8” connector pipe and chimney AND when
the provided ash door and bottom heat shield are
installed. Spark and ember protection is still necessary even if insulated hearth pad is not used. Use
24 gauge sheet metal or other noncombustible material sized according to the instructions below. All
other installations require the use of thermal floor
protection as described above.
18” (460mm) clearance between pipe and
sides/top/bottom of
opening
T
DE
FI AN
ST494
Fig. 11 An approved wall pass-through for Canada.
Your local dealer or your local building inspector can
provide details for other ST494
approved methods of passing
steel a combustible wall in your
a chimney connector through
wall pass thru
area. In Canada, this type
of installation must conform
11/00
to CAN/CSA-B365, Installation Code for Solid Fuel
Burning Appliances and Equipment.
There is only one stove configuration where the
supplied ash door heat shield is not required over a
combustible floor. This is when the stove is vented
with an 8” connector and chimney AND thermal
protection is installed as described above.
Important: All installations on a combustible floor
require the use of the supplied bottom heat shield.
This is true whether or not extra thermal protection
(insulation) is installed.
Protection requirements vary somewhat between the
Untied States and Canada as follows:
NOTE: Do not vent your Defiant into a factory-built
(zero-clearance) fireplace. These appliances and their
chimneys are specifically designed as a unit for use as
fireplaces. It may void the listing or be hazardous to
adapt them for any other use.
In U. S. installations the floor protector is required
under the stove and must extend at least 16” (not
including the ash lip) from the front of the stove (“F”,
Fig. 12), and at least 6” from the sides and rear. (“D”
and “E”, Fig. 12)
DO NOT CONNECT THE DEFIANT TO ANY AIR DISTRIBUTION DUCT OR SYSTEM.
In rear venting configurations, floor protection must also
extend under the chimney connector and 2” to either
side. (“C”, Fig. 12) For the 8” (203 mm) connector, the
protector must be a minimum of 12” (305 mm) wide.
For the 6” (152 mm) connector, the protector must be
10” (254 mm) wide. The protector must be centered
under the connector.
Floor Protection
A tremendous amount of heat radiates from the bottom
plate of your stove. The floor area directly under and
around the stove will require protection from radiant
heat as well as from stray sparks or embers that may
escape the firebox.
Heat protection is provided with the use of the Bottom
Heat Shield and ash door heat shield supplied with the
stove.
Most installations will require the bottom heat shield
to be attached. Only when the stove is placed on a
completely noncombustible surface such as unpainted
concrete over earth may it be used without the heat
shield.
Even when the bottom heat shield and ash door heat
shields are installed, most installations require special
thermal protection (insulation) for the floor beneath.
Use an approved 1/2” (13 mm) noncombustible hearth
pad with k = 0.84 BTU/in ft2 hr °F or an equivalent
material with an R-value of at least 0.59. (Refer to “How
to Determine if Alternate Floor Protection Materials
are Acceptable” section.) The floor protector may be
covered with a decorative noncombustible material if
desired. Do not obstruct the space under the heater.
10
To meet these requirements, a floor protector must be
at least 44” wide and 46” deep.
In Canada: A noncombustible floor protector is required
under the stove as well. The floor protector must
extend 18” (457 mm) to the front (“F”, Fig. 12), and 8”
(203 mm) from the sides and rear. (“D” and “E”, Fig. 12)
To meet these requirements, a floor protector must be
at least 46” (1168 mm) wide and 50” (1270 mm) deep.
How to Determine if Alternate Floor
Protection Materials are Acceptable
All floor protection must be noncombustible (i.e. metals, brick, stone, mineral fiber boards, etc.). Any organic
materials (i.e. plastics, wood paper products, etc.) are
combustible and must not be used. The floor protection
specified includes some form of thermal designation
such as R-value (thermal resistance) or k-factor (thermal conductivity).
30002850
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Step c: Compare proposed system Rtotal of 1.231 to
specified R of 0.59. Since proposed system Rtotal is
greater than required, the system is acceptable.
C
Definitions
D
B
E
E
E
K = (Btu)(ft)
(ft2)(hr)(°F)
k=
r=
(Btu)(in)
= K x 12
(ft2)(hr)(°F)
(ft2)(hr)(°F) 1
=
(Btu)(in)
k
F
A
A
U.S.Canada
44”
46”
12”
10” 6”
6”
16” 48” (1219 mm)
50” (1270 mm)
12” (305 mm) 8” Connector
ST500
10”
(250 mm) 6” Connector
Defiant
8”
(203 mm)
floor protection
8”
(203
1/31/02
djt mm)
18” (460 mm)
ST500
Fig. 12 Required floor protection dimensions.
Procedure:
1. Convert specifications to R-value:
i. R-value given - no conversion needed.
ii. k-factor is given with a required thickness (T) in
inches: R = 1 x T
k
iii. K-factor is given with a required thickness (T) in
inches: R = 1
xT
K x 12
iv. r-factor is given with a required thickness (T) in
inches: R = r x T
2. Determine the R-value of the proposed alternate
floor protector:
i. Use the formula in Step 1 to convert values not
expressed as R.
ii. For multiple layers, add R-values of each layer to
determine overall R-value.
3. If the overall R-value of the system is greater than
the R-value of the specified floor protector, the alternate is acceptable.
EXAMPLE: The specified floor protector should be 1/2inch thick material with k-factor of 0.84. The proposed
alternate is 4” brick with an r-factor of 0.2 over 1/8”
mineral board with a k-factor of 0.29
Step a: Use formula above to convert specification to
R-value: R = 1 x T = 1 x 0.5 = 0.59
k
0.84
Step b: Calculate R of proposed system.
4” brick of r = 0.2, therefore:
Rbrick = 0.2 x 4 = 0.8
1/8” mineral board of k = 0.29, therefore
1
Rmineralboard =
x 0.125 = 0.431
0.29
Rtotal = Rbrick + Rmineralboard = 0.8 + 0.431 = 1.231
30002850
R=
E
F
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
(ft2)(hr)(°F)
Btu
Floor Protection for Fireplace Installation
Do not assume that your fireplace hearth is completely
noncombustible. Many fireplace hearths do not satisfy
the “completely noncombustible” requirement because
the brick or concrete in front of the fireplace opening
is supported by heavy wood framing. Because heat
passes readily through brick or concrete, it can easily
pass through to the wood. As a result, such fireplace
hearths can be a fire hazard and are considered a combustible floor.
For all fireplace installations, follow the floor protection guidelines described above, including the need for
bottom and ash door heat shields. Keep in mind that
many raised hearths will extend less than the required
clearance from the front of the heater. In such cases,
sufficient floor protection as described above must be
added in front of the hearth to satisfy the minimum floor
protector requirement from the front of the stove: 16”
(410 mm) in the United States and 18” (460 mm) in
Canada. Hearth rugs do not satisfy the requirement for
floor protection as they are not fire proof.
Fireplace installations also have special clearance
requirements to the side walls, side decorative trim and
fireplace mantel. Refer to the information on fireplace
and mantel trim shields in this section.
Keep the Stove a Safe Distance
From Surrounding Materials
Both a stove and its chimney connector radiate heat in
all directions when operating, and nearby combustible
materials can overheat dangerously if they are too close
to the heat source. A safe installation requires that adequate clearance be maintained between the hot stove
and its connector and nearby combustibles.
Clearance is the distance between either your stove or
chimney connector, and nearby walls, floors, the ceiling,
and any other fixed combustible surface. The Defiant
has specific clearance requirements that have been
established after careful research and testing. These
clearance requirements must be strictly observed.
In addition, keep furnishings and other combustible
materials away from the stove. In general, a distance
of 48” (1219 mm) must be maintained between the
stove and moveable combustible items such as drying
11
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
clothes, furniture, newspapers, firewood, etc. Keeping those clearance areas empty assures that nearby
surfaces and objects will not overheat.
Safe Ways to Reduce Clearances
Clearance requirements are established to meet every
installation possibility, and they involve the combination
of these variables:
• When the stove pipe has no listed heat shield
mounted on it.
• When the wall has no heat shield mounted on it.
• When the wall has a heat shield mounted on it.
• When the wall and stove pipe have heat shields.
In general, the greatest clearance is required when you
place a stove and its connector near a wall with no heat
shield.
For example, when the Defiant is installed parallel to
the rear wall with 8” pipe and no connector shield is
used, it must be at least 35” (889 mm) from the wall
behind it and at least 23” (584 mm) from walls on either
side. These dimensions are measured from the top
edge of the stove to the combustible wall.
If the Defiant is installed in a corner and no shield is
used, the corners of the stove top must be at least 25”
(635 mm) from nearby walls when using 8” connector
pipe.
Clearances may be reduced only by means approved
by the regulatory authority, and in accordance with the
clearances listed in this manual. Refer to Page 14 for
approved clearance reduction specifications.
With 6” connections and chimneys, the shield must be
a minimum of 48" (1219 mm) tall, and must extend at
least 19" (483 mm) higher than the top of the stove,
whichever is higher. The shield behind the chimney
connector must be 30" (760 mm) wide, centered behind
the pipe; for installations that use an approved prefabricated chimney to pass through the ceiling, the shield
behind the chimney connector must stop 1" (25 mm)
below the ceiling.
With 8” connections and chimneys, because of potentially higher pipe temperatures, the shield must extend
the full height of the wall (up to 9’ (2.7 m)) and stop 1”
(25 mm) below the ceiling.
Air Flow
Screen
Wall Shield
Stud Wall
Framing
Noncombustible Spacers
and Fasteners
Shield
Metal Spacer
Drywall
Air Flow
ST248
NOTE: Clearance requirements differ for 8” and 6” connector pipe installation. A minimum ceiling height of 8’
(2.4 m) is required for all installations of the Defiant NC.
Fig. 13 Approved wall shield construction.
Note: Installation of the Defiant is not permitted in
alcoves.
12/14/99 requires
djt
A fireplace installation
special clearance
between the side of the stove and the right and left
walls, between the side of the stove and the decorative
side trim on the fireplace face, and between the top of
the stove and the mantel.
Wall Shields
One way to reduce clearances is with a wall shield
constructed of 24 gauge or heavier sheet metal, or of
another noncombustible material such as 1/2” (13 mm)
insulation board such as Durock® or Wonderboard®, or
common brick “laid on flat,” with the 3¹⁄₂" (90 mm) side
down.
Shields must be spaced out from the combustible
surface 1" (25 mm) on noncombustible spacers, as in
Figure 13. The spacers should not be directly behind
the stove or chimney connector.
Air must be able to flow between the wall and the
shield. At least 50% of the bottom 1" (25 mm) of the
shield must be open, and the shield must be open at
the top. Metal screening across the top will keep small
stray objects from being trapped behind the shield. (Fig.
13)
12
ST248
Fireplace
and Mantel Trim Shields
wall shield construction
Noncombustible shields
installed 1” (25 mm) away
from the combustible surface
on noncombustible spacers,
called ventilated shields,
may be used to reduce
clearances.
1" (25mm)
To protect a mantel from the
heat of a stove in a fireplace
installation, use a custommade ventilated mantel
1/4" (6mm)
ST501
shield that is at least 48”
(1220 mm) long, centered
Fig. 14 A custom-formed
over the stove. (Fig. 14)
mantel shield.
Ventilated shields for side
trim must extend the full length of the trim.
ST501
mantel and
30002850
trim shield
11/10/00 djt
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
An unprotected mantel (“A”, Fig. 15) cannot be more
than 9” (230 mm) deep and must have a minimum
clearance of 41” (1041 mm), measured from the stove’s
top plate. With a ventilated shield, this clearance may
be reduced safely to 29” (737 mm).
Side Wall
Unprotected top trim (B) protruding 3/4” (19 mm) or less
from the face of the fireplace must be a minimum of 28”
(711 mm) from the stove’s top surface. With a ventilated
trim shield, this clearance may be reduced safely to 21”
(533 mm).
A
C
Unprotected side trim (C) that protrudes 3/4” (19 mm) or
less from the face of a fireplace must have a minimum
clearance of 14” (356 mm), measured from the stove’s
top side edge. If the trim extends more than 3/4” (19
mm), it is subject to the requirements for wall clearance.
The charts and sample installations that follow list all
the clearances required for the various installation
configurations of the Defiant.
B
C
D
ST253b
Fireplace and Mantel Trim Clearances
A. Mantel
B. Top Trim
C. Side Trim
D. Side Wall
UnprotectedProtected
41” (1041 mm) 29” (737 mm)
28” ST253b
(711 mm)
21” (533 mm)
Encore
14” trim
(356clearances
mm)
14” (356 mm)
26” 02/01
(660 mm)
14” (356 mm)
djt
Fig. 15 Maintain clearances to combustible components of
the mantelpiece.
30002850
13
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Defiant NC Clearance Chart for 6” Connections ONLY
Stove Clearance
Unprotected Surfaces
Protected Surfaces1
Stove Installed
Parallel to Wall
Stove
in
Corner
Side
Rear
Corners
(A) 26”
(660 mm)
(B) 31”
(787 mm)
(C) 27”
(686 mm)
(D) 13”
(330 mm)
(E) 26”
(660 mm)
(F) 20”
(508 mm)
Top exit with heat shields
(G) 26”
on connector. Flue collar
(660 mm)
shield installed.2
(H) 18”
(457 mm)
(I) 27”
(686 mm)
(J) 13”
(330 mm)
(K) 26”
(660 mm)
(L) 20”
(508 mm)
Top exit double-wall chim- (M) 26”
ney connector*. Flue collar (660 mm)
shield installed
(N) 23”
(584 mm)
(O) 16”
(406 mm)
(P) 10”
(254 mm)
(Q) 22”
(559 mm)
(R) 17”
(432 mm)
(U) 10”
(254 mm)
(V) 21”
(533 mm)
N/A
Top exit with no
connector heat shields.
Flue collar shield installed
Rear exit
(S) 24”
(610 mm)
(T) 21”
N/A
(533 mm)
Stove
in
Corner
Stove Installed
Parallel to Wall
Side
Rear3
Corners
Chimney Connector Clearance
Unprotected Vertical Surfaces Protected Vertical Surfaces
Single-wall connector
Single-wall connector
with shields
Double-wall chimney
connector
26Z\x” (673 mm)
21Z\x” (546 mm)
13Z\x” (343 mm)
21Z\x” (546 mm)
18Z\x” (470 mm)
17Z\x“ (445 mm)
Unprotected Ceiling Surfaces Protected Ceiling Surfaces
Single-wall connector
(Horizontal)
15” (381 mm)
Not measured
Clearance to Combustibles in Front of Stove
All Installations
48” (1219 mm)
A minimum ceiling height of 8 feet (2.4 m) measured from the base of the stove is required for all installations.
* Using a listed double wall oval to 6” round connector.
1. When wall protection is used, a ceiling heat shield, 24” (610 mm) in diameter and suspended 1” (25 mm) from the ceiling must
surround the pipe in installations where the chimney penetrates the ceiling.
2. The connector pipe heat shield must extend 36” (914 mm) above the flue collar. When this shield is used, a single wall pipe may
continue vertically unshielded.
3. With protected wall surfaces, the rear clearance must be increased by 3” (76 mm) if the flue collar heat shield is not used. The
flue collar shield is required when using connector pipe shields and always with unprotected surfaces.
14
30002850
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Defiant NC Clearance Chart for 8” Connections ONLY
Stove Clearance1
Unprotected Surfaces
Protected Surfaces
Stove Installed
Parallel to Wall
Stove
in
Corner
Side
Rear
Corners
(A) 24”3
(610 mm)
(B) 35”3
(889 mm)
(C) 25”3
(635 mm)
(D) 11”
(279 mm)
(E) 15”
(381 mm)
(F) 9”
(229 mm)
Top exit with heat shields
(G) 26”4
on connector. Flue collar
(660 mm)
shield installed
(H) 17”4
(430 mm)
(I) 25”4
(635 mm)
(J) 11”
(279 mm)
(K) 15”
(381 mm)
(L) 9”
(229 mm)
Top exit double-wall
chimney connector*. Flue
collar shield installed
(M) 25”
(635 mm)
(N) 22”
(559 mm)
(O) 14”
(356 mm)
(P) 8”
(203 mm)
(Q) 11”
(279 mm)
(R) 6”
(152 mm)
Rear exit
(S) 21”
(533 mm)
(T) 21”
N/A
(533 mm)
(U) 8”
(203 mm)
(V) 21”
(533 mm)
N/A
Top exit with no
connector heat shields.
Flue collar shield installed
Stove
in
Corner
Stove Installed
Parallel to Wall
Side
Rear2
Corners
Chimney Connector Clearance
Unprotected Vertical Surfaces Protected Vertical Surfaces
Single-wall connector
Single-wall connector
with shields
Double-wall chimney
connector
29Z\x” (749 mm)
9Z\x” (241 mm)
11Z\x” (292 mm)
9Z\x” (241 mm)
16Z\x” (419 mm)
5Z\x” (140 mm)
Unprotected Ceiling Surfaces Protected Ceiling Surfaces
Single-wall connector
(Horizontal)
30” (762 mm)
19” (483 mm)
Clearance to Combustibles in Front of Stove
All Installations
48” (1219 mm)
A minimum ceiling height of 8 feet (2.4 m) measured from the base of the stove is required for all installations.
* Using a listed double wall oval to round connector.
1. Most installations require a ceiling heat shield 24” (610 mm) in diameter and suspended 1” (25 mm) from the ceiling that must
surround the pipe when the chimney penetrates the ceiling. Refer to Notes 3 and 4 below for the only exceptions to this. The
ceiling heat shield is always required if clearances are reduced using wall protection.
2. With protected wall surfaces, the rear clearance must be increased by 3” (76 mm) if the flue collar heat shield is not used. The
flue collar shield is required when using connector pipe shields and always with unprotected surfaces.
3. In installations where the ceiling height is 9 feet (2.7 m) or more and if wall protection is not used, the ceiling heat shield is not
necessary.
4. Connector pipe heat shields must extend the entire length of the connector pipe up to 9 feet (2.7 m). In installations where the
ceiling height is 10 feet (3 m) or more and if wall protection is not used, the ceiling heat shield is not necessary.
30002850
15
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Defiant NC Clearance Diagrams
for use with either a 6” or 8” chimney connection
Unprotected Surfaces
Stove Installed
Parallel to Wall
Protected Surfaces
Stove in Corner
Stove Installed Parallel
to Wall
Stove in Corner
Top Exit Installations, flue collar shield installed, no shields on single-wall connector
C
B
A
F
E
D
C
F
Top Exit Installations, flue collar shield installed, heat shields on single-wall connector
I
H
G
L
K
J
I
L
Top Exit Installations, double-wall chimney connector, flue collar shield installed
O
N
M
R
Q
P
O
R
Rear Exit Installations
T
V
N/A
N/A
S
U
ST855
ST486a
Defiant
Clearance
Diagrams
11/00
16
30002850
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
48"
(1220 mm)
48"
(1220 mm)
Refer to
IMPORTANT
Note on This
Page
48"
(1220 mm)
48"
(1220 mm)
48"
(1220 mm)
48"
(1220 mm)
ST499
48"
(1220 mm)
Fig. 18 Corner installation, vertical chimney connector, two
wall shields. Reduced side clearances. Wall shield MUST
meet at corner.
ST499
Defiant
Wall Shield C
11/00
ST497
Defiant
wall shield A
11/00
48"
(1220 mm)
Refer to
IMPORTANT
Note on This
Page
48"
(1220 mm)
ST497
Fig. 16 Parallel installation, vertical chimney connector, two
wall shields. Reduced clearances for both rear and side walls.
Wall shields may meet at corner if desired. Shielding for connector is centered behind connector.
48"
(1220 mm)
Refer to
IMPORTANT
Note on This
Page
IMPORTANT: when the stove is installed with 8” connector pipe, wall shields must extend to within 1” (25 mm) of
the ceiling (up to 9’ (2.7 m)) due to potentially higher pipe
temperatures. With 6” connections, the wall shields only
need to extend to a height of 48” (1220 mm) as shown in
the grey shaded areas of Figures 16, 17 and 18.
48"
(1220 mm)
ST498
Fig. 17 Parallel installation with rear wall pass-through, two
wall shields. Reduced clearances to both rear and side walls.
Wall shields may meet at corner if desired. Wall pass-through
ST498
must comply with codes. Defiant
Wall shield B
Refer to “Special Installations.”
11/00
30002850
17
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Distance from the Center of the Flue Collar to the Wall for 6” Connections ONLY
The information on this page is helpful in planning stove placement, particularly in those installations with chimneys
that pass through the ceiling. However, this is not a clearance chart. Final stove clearances must adhere to the
guidelines in the clearance chart on Page 14 for 6” connections.
Defiant With Flue Collar Heat Shield Only
Unprotected Surfaces
Protected Surfaces
Corner
Installations
Parallel Installations
Corner
Installations
Parallel Installations
Side (A)
Rear (B)
Corner (C)
Side (D)
Rear (E)
Corner (F)
41C\v”
(1060 mm)
30C\,”
(772 mm)
37”
(440 mm)
28C\v”
(730 mm)
25C\,”
(645 mm)
30”
(762 mm)
Defiant With Flue Collar Heat Shield and Shielded Connector:
Side (A)
Rear (B)
Corner (C)
Side (D)
Rear (E)
Corner (F)
41C\v”
(1060 mm)
17C\,”
(441 mm)
37”
(940 mm)
28C\v”
(730 mm)
25C\,”
(660 mm)
30”
(762 mm)
Defiant With Flue Collar Heat Shield and Double-wall Connector:
Side (A)
Rear (B)
Corner (C)
Side (D)
Rear (E)
Corner (F)
41C\v”
(1060 mm)
22C\,”
(568 mm)
26”
(660 mm)
25C\v”
(654 mm)
21C\,”
(543 mm)
27”
(686 mm)
A
B
*
D
C
E
F
*
* This distance, from the center of the flue collar to the front edge of the hearth, is the same for all installations on this
page: 35” (889 mm) in the United States and 37” (340 mm) in Canada.
ST511
Intrepid
flue centerline
Diagrams
11/16/00
18
30002850
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Distance from the Center of the Flue Collar to the Wall for 8” Connections ONLY The information on this page is helpful in planning stove placement, particularly in those installations with
chimneys that pass through the ceiling. However, this is not a clearance chart. Final stove clearances must
adhere to the guidelines in the clearance chart on Page 15 for 8” connections.
Defiant With Flue Collar Heat Shield Only
Unprotected Surfaces
Protected Surfaces
Corner
Installations
Parallel Installations
Corner
Installations
Parallel Installations
Side (A)
Rear (B)
Corner (C)
Side (D)
Rear (E)
Corner (F)
39C\v”
(1010 mm)
34C\,”
(873 mm)
35”
(889 mm)
26C\v”
(680 mm)
14C\,”
(365 mm)
19”
(483 mm)
Defiant With Flue Collar Heat Shield and Shielded Connector:
Side (A)
Rear (B)
Corner (C)
Side (D)
Rear (E)
Corner (F)
41C\v”
(1060 mm)
16C\,”
(416 mm)
35”
(889 mm)
26C\v”
(680 mm)
14C\,”
(365 mm)
19”
(483 mm)
Defiant With Flue Collar Heat Shield and Double-wall Connector:
Side (A)
Rear (B)
Corner (C)
Side (D)
Rear (E)
Corner (F)
40C\v”
(1035 mm)
21C\,”
(543 mm)
24”
(610 mm)
23C\v”
(603 mm)
10C\,”
(264 mm)
16”
(406 mm)
A
B
*
D
C
E
F
*
* This distance, from the center of the flue collar to the front edge of the hearth, is the same for all installations on this
page: 35” (889 mm) in the United States and 37” (340 mm) in Canada.
ST511
Intrepid
flue centerline
Diagrams
11/16/00
30002850
19
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Assembly
Storing the Handle
Set Up Your Stove
Cast iron stoves are heavy, and it will take two to four
people to move your Defiant into position.
Wipe the protective coating of oil from the griddle with a
clean dry rag or a paper towel.
Use the removable handle to open or close the doors.
After using it, remove the handle so it will not get hot.
Store the handle in the handle holder installed behind
the right front leg. (Fig. 21)
Install the handle on the griddle. Slip the bolt through a
washer, a nylon bushing, then through the handle and
the other bushing, then through the steel spacer and
into the griddle tab. (Fig. 19) Tighten securely.
Bottom Heat Shield
Door Handle Holder
Spacer
Leg Bolt and Washer
Bushings
Knob
ST564
Fig. 21 Handle holder and heat shield positions.
Washer
Install the Bottom Heat Shield
ST564
Bolt
ST536
Fig. 19 Attach the griddle handle.
ST536
Install
Stove Legs
Attach
The stove is shipped with
the legs
attached. In some
griddle
handle
instances, the legs may
have
been
removed. Fol11/00
low these instructions to reattach the legs. Install the
stove legs (Fig. 21) using the hex head bolts from the
parts bag. Use 3/8” washers with all four legs; the door
handle holder installs on the right front leg. Position the
holder so the hole to accept the handle hub faces out
from the right side of the stove. Tighten the bolts firmly.
NOTE: The Bottom Heat Shield is required in most
handle holder
installations. Refer to Floor Protection, Page 10, for
12/13/00
further details.
1. Loosen the four 1/4-20 hex head bolts from the corners of the ash drop on the stove bottom.
2. Align the bottom heat shield holes with the four
bolts. The outside air cutout hole should be toward
the rear of the stove.
3. Pass all four bolts through the large end of the keyholes and then pulling the shield forward to engage
the smaller ends of the keyhole slots. (Fig. 22)
4. Attach the heat shield sides by passing the slots
over the bolt heads. Tighten the hex head bolts.
CAUTION: Overtightening can strip tapped threads.
NOTE: When moving the stove, lift the stove to take
weight off the legs whenever possible. Dragging or
sliding the stove, especially across rough surfaces can
cause the legs to loosen or even break.
Leg Bolt and
Washer
ST857
Fig. 22 Attach the optional bottom heat shield.
ST858
Fig. 20 Attach the stove legs.
20
34
ATTACHLEGS
Bottom Heat Shield
ST857
abottom heat shield
12/05
30002850
1/10
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Install the Optional Ash Door Heat Shield
Attach the Damper Handle
Many installations will require the use of the supplied
ash door heat shield. Refer to the “Floor Protection”
sections starting on Page 10 to determine if your installation requires the use of the ash door heat shield.
Use the 1/4” -20 x 3” screw to attach the damper handle
to the damper stub on the left side.
1. Remove the two Phillips pan head screws from the
ash door.
2. Insert the screws through the ash door heat shield
(from the painted side), place the 5/16” spacers over
the screws, and carefully thread them back into the
original holes. (Fig. 23) The curved lip should be
upward, under the ashlip of the stove.
3. Tighten securely.
The primary air thermostat handle is the smaller of the
two black handles. Secure the handle to the stub on
the right side of the stove with an 8-32 x 2” slot head
machine screw. (Fig. 24)
Attach the Primary Air Thermostat Handle
Assemble the Removable Insert Handle
The ceramic removable insert handle opens and closes
the front doors. Remove after each use, and store it in
the handle holder behind the right front leg. Assemble
the handle by passing the 3³⁄₈" screw through the
ceramic shaft and into the bright metal nub. (Fig. 25)
Tighten carefully until snug.
IANT
DEF
Spacers
ST538
Fig. 23 Install the ashdoor heat shield.
Adjust theST539
Leg Levellers
Attach
Lift the stove slightly so there
is no weight on the leg
ash door
heat shield
while making the adjustment.
11/00
Reverse the Flue Collar (If necessary)
Reverse the flue collar by removing the two screws that
attach it to the back of the stove. Be sure the gasket
around the flue collar opening is in position when you
screw the collar back onto the stove.
ST539
Fig. 24 Attach the thermostat handle.
ST539
attach
thermostat
handle
11/00
ST540
Fig. 25 Assemble the front door handle.
ST540
Assembly
handle
11/00
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21
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Fan Kit Installation
1. Attach the fan assembly at the bottom edge of the inner back with two (2) 1/4-20 x 3/4” hex head screws.
2. Attach snapstat to the mounting holes on the underside of the bottom with two (2) 1/4-20 pan head
screws.
3. Attach the rheostat holder (provided with the stove)
under the right front wing of the bottom heat shield
with two (2) #10 sheet metal screws.
4. Attach the rheostat to its holder by inserting the rheostat control shaft through the holder hole. Install the
retaining ring and rheostat knob onto the shaft.
5. Secure the rheostat cable to the underside of the
bottom heat shield using the wire tie provided and
the hole at the right rear edge of the heat shield.
6. Fan will not operate until stove reaches approximately 109°F.
Hole for Wire
Tie to Secure
Cable
Rheostat
Knob
Rheostat
Holder
Rheostat
Snapstat
Screws
ST848
Fig. 26 Fan installation (Kit # 2767).
Operation
The Defiant Controls
Two controls regulate the performance of the Defiant: a
primary air control supplies oxygen for the fire, and a
damper directs air flow within the stove to activate and
deactivate the non-catalytic combustion system. (Fig. 27)
Symbols cast into the stove are reminders of the correct
directions for using the controls. The words ‘Left’ and
‘right’ in these directions are facing the stove.
Damper
Handle
Griddle Handle
34
FANINSTALL
More air entering the stove makes the fire burn hotter
the burn at a lower
and faster, while less air prolongs
heat output level. (Fig. 28)
For the greatest air supply and maximum heat output
(but the shortest burn time), move the lever toward the
front of the stove. For a fire that will last longer with
less heat, move the lever toward the rear of the stove.
Air Control Positions
Door Handle
Air
Control
Lever
Low Heat
Range
D$E% F& I) !
A.N4T
Andiron
Door Handle
Holder
(Behind
Leg)
Ash Door Handle
Medium Heat
Range
D$E% F& I) !
A.N4T
High Heat
Range
D$E% F& I) !
A.N4T
ST541
Fig. 27 The Defiant’s controls are conveniently located and
easy to operate.
A SingleST541
Air Control Regulates
Heat Output
Defiant and Burn Time
front view
The primary air control
lever, on the right side of the
stove, controls the controls
amount of incoming air for starting,
11/00 a fire.
maintaining, and reviving
22
ST542
Fig. 28 The handle also may be positioned anywhere between the two extremes for different heat levels.
ST541
thermostat
settings
11/00
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Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
To open the front doors, insert the handle into the door
latch stub and turn it to the left and up. (Fig. 31)
A Damper Directs Air Flow
Within the Stove
The damper handle on the left side of the stove operates the damper to direct air flow within the stove.
The damper is open when the handle points to the
rear, enabling smoke to pass directly into the chimney.
The damper must be open when starting or reviving a
fire, and whenever the griddle or doors are opened.
The damper is closed when the handle points forward.
Smoke travels through the non-catalytic combustion
system where it can be further burned, before passing
up the chimney. (Fig. 29)
The damper should always be either fully open or
fully closed. There are no intermediate positions.
When closing the damper, be sure to pull firmly
enough to snap the handle into the locked position.
Damper Positions
ST543
Fig. 29 The Defiant’s damper operating positions.
Two Ways to Add Fuel
The Defiant’s griddle lifts
for convenient top-loading of
ST543
logs, and is the easiestDamper
way to add fuel. (Fig. 30)
positions
11/00
Def
iant
ST521
Fig. 30 Top loading is the best way to add fuel during regular
use. Front loading
is useful for kindling a fire.
ST521
Intrepid
However, the front
doors open as well for adding an
occasional log loading
to a fire. If the stove is equipped with 8”
11/00
(203 mm) stove pipe, the front doors may be opened
(or even removed) and the optional Defiant spark
screen placed in the opening for open-fire viewing. The
Defiant is not approved for operation with the front
doors open if equipped with a 6” (152 mm) chimney
connector or chimney.
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Counterclockwise
to Close
ST544
To reduce the risk of breaking the glass, avoid striking
the glass or slamming the doors.
Closed
(Efficient Mode)
Open
(Updraft Mode)
Clockwise to
Open
Fig. 31 To open the front doors, turn the handle clockwise.
D E F I4A
.!N
)&%$T
D E F I4A
.!N
)&%$T
To close them, always close the left door first. Turn the
handle in the right door to the left and up (to the open
position) and close it. Finally, push on the door as you
turn the handle to the right and down. The doors will
draw in slightly, and the handle should offer some resistance as you turn it to the closed position.
When you are not using the door handle, store it in the
holder behind the right front leg of the stove. Be careful
to not drop the handle, since it is breakable.
WARNING: Fireplace stoves equipped with doors
should be operated only with doors fully open or
doors fully closed. If doors are left partly open, gas
and flame may be drawn out of the fireplace stove
opening, creating risks fromST544
both fire and smoke.
door efficiency,
open operWARNING: For safety and greatest
ate your stove only with all doors/griddles
fully
11/00
closed. The test standard for your stove when it is
operated in this mode is UL 1482.
The Defiant may be used as a fireplace with the
front doors open or removed, BUT only when it
is equipped with 8” (203 mm) stove pipe and only
when the optional spark screen is secured correctly
in the opening to protect against the possibility
of sparks and embers leaving the stove. The test
standard for your stove when it is operated in this
mode is UL 737.
Use only the Defiant spark screen, Item #1907, with
your Defiant.
Defiant spark screens are available from your Vermont Castings Dealer.
23
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Infra-Red Reflective Glass Panels
for Clear Fire Viewing
The outer surfaces of the ceramic glass panels have
an infrared-reflective coating which keeps the inner
surfaces warm. This design, along with a pre-heated
‘airwash,’ makes clear fire viewing possible at most firing levels.
effective stove operation. Please review the draft management information on Page 26 to see how the size,
type, and location of your chimney will affect your stove
operation. When thermometer readings drop below
350°F. (175°C) it’s time to adjust the air control for a
higher burn rate or to reload the stove. A temperature
reading over 750°F. (385°C) is a sign to cut back on the
air supply to slow the burn rate.
Andirons Help Protect the Glass
Your stove has andirons to keep logs away from the
glass panels. The andirons are essential to maintain
clear fire viewing, and should be left permanently in
place. Since the andirons may slightly hinder refueling
through the front doors, most stove owners will prefer
the convenience of top loading through the griddle. Do
not place fuel between the andirons and the doors.
Burn Only High-Quality Wood
ST523
Fig. 32 Take temperature readings with a thermometer located in the middle of the griddle.
Use the following temperature ranges as a guide:
• Readings in the 350°-500°F. (175°-260°C) range
indicate low to medium heat output.
The Defiant is designed to burn natural wood only; do
not burn fuels other than that for which it was designed.
• 500°-600°F. (260°-315°C) readings indicate medium
You’ll enjoy the best results when burning wood that
has been adequately air-dried. The wood should be
22-24” (559-610 mm) in length. Avoid burning “green”
wood that has not been properly seasoned. Do not
burn construction materials; they often contain
chemicals and metals that can damage the inside
surfaces of the stove and pollute the air. Do not burn
ocean driftwood; when it burns, the salt it contains will
attack the cast iron.
•
The best hardwood fuels include oak, maple, beech,
ash, and hickory that has been split, stacked, and airdried outside under cover for at least one year.
If hardwood is not available, you can burn softwoods
that include tamarack, yellow pine, white pine, Eastern red cedar, fir, and redwood. These should also be
properly dried.
Store wood under cover to keep it dry. The longer it is
stored, the better heating and fire-viewing performance
you will enjoy. Even for short-term storage, be sure to
keep wood a safe distance from the heater and keep
it out of the areas around the heater used for refueling
and ash removal.
A Surface Thermometer is a Valuable
Guide to Operation
An optional surface thermometer tells you when to adjust the air control, and when to refuel. (Fig. 32)
For example, when the thermometer registers at least
450°F. (230°C) after start-up you know the stove is
hot enough and it may be time to close the damper.
Note that the stove will warm up much sooner than the
chimney, though; a warm chimney is the key to easy,
24
heat output.
Readings of 600°-750°F. (315-385°C) indicate high
heat output. Operating your Defiant continuously
at griddle temperatures of 750° F. (385°C) or higher
may damage the cast iron or enamel finish.
Use the Air Control Settings
that Work
Best for You
ST523
Intrepid
temp readings
11/00
No single air control setting will fit every situation. Each
installation will differ depending on the quality of the
fuel, the amount of heat desired, and how long you wish
the fire to burn; outdoor air temperature and pressure
also affect draft.
The control setting also depends on your particular
installation’s “draft,” or the force that moves air from the
stove up through the chimney. Draft is affected by such
things as the length, type, and location of the chimney,
local geography, nearby obstructions, and other factors.
See Page 26 for details on how the installation affects
performance.
Too much draft may cause excessive temperatures in
the Defiant, and could even damage the stove. On the
other hand, too little draft can cause backpuffing into
the room and/or the “plugging” of the chimney.
How do you know if your draft is excessively high or
low? Symptoms of too much draft include an uncontrollable burn or a glowing-red stove part. Signs of weak
draft are smoke leaking into the room through the stove
or chimney connector joints or low heat output.
In some newer homes that are well-insulated and
weather-tight, poor draft may result from an insufficient
air supply in the house. In such instances, an open
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Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
window near the stove on the windward side of the
house can provide the combustion air supply needed.
Another option for getting more combustion air to the
stove is to duct air directly from outside to the stove. In
some areas provisions for outside combustion air are
required in all new construction.
The Defiant NC is equipped to deliver outside air for
combustion and outside air kit #3265 is available.
When first using the stove, keep track of the air control
settings. You will quickly find that a specific setting will
give you a fixed amount of heat. It may take a week or
two to determine the amount of heat and the length of
burn you should expect from various settings.
Most installations do not require a large amount of
combustion air, especially if adequate draft is available.
Do not for any reason attempt to increase the firing
of your heater by altering the air control adjustment
range outlined in these directions.
Use the following air control settings as a starting point
to help determine the best settings for your installation.
Each is described as a fraction of the total distance the
lever may be moved from right to left.
Starting and Maintaining a Wood Fire
Burn only solid wood in the Defiant, and burn it directly
on the grate. Do not elevate the fuel. Do not burn coal
or other fuels.
The bypass damper must be open when starting a
fire or when refueling.
Do not use chemicals or fluids to start the fire. Do
not burn garbage. Never use flammable fluids such
as gasoline, gasoline type lantern fuel, kerosene,
charcoal lighter fluid, naptha, engine oil or similar
liquids to start or “freshen up” a fire in this heater.
Keep all such liquids well away from the heater
while it is in use.
1. Open the stove bypass damper, and open the primary air control fully.
2. Place several sheets of crumpled newspaper in the
stove. Place six or eight pieces of dry kindling split to a
finger-width size on the paper. On the kindling, lay two
or three larger sticks of split dry wood approximately
1-2” (25-51 mm) in diameter. (Fig. 33)
Defiant Control Settings
(Refer to Figure 27, Page 19)
Burn Rate
Low
Medium
High
Primary Air Control From far right to 1/3 the distance to left
From 1/3 to 2/3 the distance to left
From 2/3 the distance to left, to far left
DO NOT OPERATE THE STOVE WITH THE ASH
DOOR OPEN. OPERATION WITH THE ASH DOOR
OPEN CAN CAUSE AN OVERFIRING CONDITION
TO OCCUR. OVERFIRING THE STOVE IS DANGEROUS AND CAN RESULT IN PROPERTY DAMAGE,
INJURY OR LOSS OF LIFE.
Conditioning Your Stove
Cast iron is extremely strong, but it can be broken with
a sharp blow from a hammer or from the thermal shock
of rapid and extreme temperature change.
The cast plates expand and contract with changes in
temperature. When you first begin using your Defiant,
minimize thermal stress by letting the plates adjust
gradually during three or four initial break-in fires following Steps 1-3 below.
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ST263
Fig. 33 Start the fire with newspaper and dry kindling.
3. Light the newspaper and close the door. Gradually build up the fire by adding a few 3-5” (80-120 mm)
diameter pieces of split firewood. If this is one of the
first few “break-in”
fires, let the fire burn brightly,
ST263
and then let it die
out.
starting a fire
During the break-in
fires, do not let the stove get hotter
12/99
than 500°F. (260°C) as measured on an optional stovetop thermometer. Adjust the air control lever as necessary to control the fire.
Some odor from the stove’s hot metal and the paint is
normal for the first few fires.
NOTE: Some chimneys must be “primed,” or warmed
up, before they will draw sufficiently to start a fire. To
correct this situation, roll up a couple pieces of newspaper, place them on top of the kindling and toward
the back of the stove, light them, and close the doors.
This will encourage the smoke to rise rapidly, making it
easier to establish a good draft.
25
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Once the draft is established, open the front door and
light the rest of the fuel from the bottom. Do not light
the main bed of fuel until the chimney begins drawing,
and repeat the procedure as often as necessary if the
initial attempt is unsuccessful.
4. If your Defiant has been broken-in previously using Steps 1-3, continue to build the fire gradually. Add
larger wood with a diameter of 3-4” (75-100 mm). Continue adding split logs of this size to the briskly-burning fire until there is a glowing ember bed 2-3” (51-75
mm) deep. (Fig. 34) A good ember bed is necessary for
proper functioning of the non-catalytic system and may
take an hour or more to establish.
ST264
Fig. 34 Add larger pieces of wood as the fire begins to burn
well.
5. Close the damper when the griddle temperature
reaches 450°F (230°C).
6. Adjust the airST264
control for your desired heat output.
NOTE: Stove installations
good firevary widely, and the operating guidance given
here is only a starting point . The
12/99
draft management information on Page 28 will explain
in detail how the features of your installation may help
or hinder good draft, and how you may need to vary
your firing technique if your installation doesn’t encourage a good draft.
ST264a
Refuel While the Embers Are Still Hot
When reloading, best results will be achieved if you first
de-ash the stove by stirring the fuel bed to allow ash to
fall through the grate into the ash pan.
Do not break the charcoal into very small pieces or
pound or compress the charcoal bed.
It is important that air can circulate through the charcoal
bed during the burn. Larger pieces of charcoal allow
more air to circulate under the wood, resulting in the
fire reviving more quickly. (Fig. 35)
For best results when refueling, wear long-cuffed stove
gloves to protect your hands and forearms, add fuel
while the stove still has plenty of glowing embers to
re-kindle the fire, and include some smaller pieces of
wood in the new fuel load to help the stove regain its
operating temperature quickly. Use this sequence as a
guide to successful refueling:
1. Open the damper.
2. De-ash the stove as described above. Open the
ashdoor and check the level of ash in the ash pan.
Empty the pan if necessary and replace it in the
stove. Close the ash door.
3. Open the griddle, load the wood (smaller pieces
first), and close the griddle.
4. Close the damper.
5. When the surface temperature reaches 450°F.
(230°C), adjust the air control for the amount of heat
you desire.
NOTE: If the remaining charcoal bed is relatively thick
(2-3”/51-75 mm) and if your fuel is well seasoned, it is
possible to add fresh fuel (smaller pieces first), close
the door and damper, and reset the primary air control
for the desired heat output within five minutes.
Warning: FIREPLACE STOVES EQUIPPED WITH
DOORS SHOULD BE OPERATED ONLY WITH
DOORS FULLY OPEN OR DOORS FULLY CLOSED.
IF DOORS ARE LEFT PARTLY OPEN, GAS AND
FLAME MAY BE DRAWN OUT OF THE FIREPLACE
STOVE OPENING CREATING RISKS FROM BOTH
FIRE AND SMOKE.
Caution: The Defiant will be hot while in operation. Keep children, clothing and furniture away.
Contact may cause skin burns.
DO NOT OVERFIRE THIS HEATER. Overfiring may
cause a house fire, or can result in permanent damage to the stove. If any part of the Defiant glows, you
are overfiring.
Fig. 35 Add full size logs after the ember bed is 3” (75mm)
deep.
26
ST264a
add wood fire
11/00
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Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Ash Disposal
Routine ash removal is important for ease of maintenance, and is important for the stove’s durability.
Remove ash before it reaches the top of the ash pan.
Check the level at least once a day. Every few days,
clear any ash from the outer edges of the firebox. Most
of the ash will fall through the grate. Slice or stir the ash
with a shovel or poker so that it falls through the grate
slots.
IMPORTANT: Check the level of ash in the ash pan
before reloading the stove. If the ash level is close to
the top edge of the pan, empty the pan according to this
procedure:
• Open the damper.
• Open the griddle or front doors, and use a shovel or
•
•
poker to stir excess ash through the ash slots in the
grate down into the ash pan.
Close the griddle or doors, and unlatch the ash door.
(Fig. 36) It will pivot, swinging the ash pan out of the
stove.
Slide the cover onto the pan, making sure it is securely closed. (Fig. 37)
• Remove the ash pan, making sure to keep it level.
• To keep the cover from sliding off and to keep ash
from falling on the floor, do not tilt the ash pan forward.
• If the stove is in operation, close the ash door while
disposing of the ash. You may need to lift the latch
end of the door slightly to align the latch with the
mating part on the stove bottom.
• Properly dispose of the ash in a metal container with
a tight-fitting lid. Store the container outdoors away
from all combustible material.
• Return the ash pan to its original position in the
stove, and close and latch the ash door. (Fig. 37)
• Do not operate the stove with the ash door open.
This will result in over-firing, and could cause damage to the stove, void the warranty, or even lead to a
house fire.
Empty the ash pan regularly, typically every one to
three days. The frequency will vary depending on how
you operate your Defiant: ash will accumulate faster at
higher heat outputs.
Remove ash frequently and place it outdoors in a
metal container with a tight-fitting lid. Place the closed
container of ash on a noncombustible floor or on the
ground, well away from all combustible materials, pending final disposal. If the ash is disposed of by burial in
soil or otherwise locally dispersed, it should be kept in
the closed container until all cinders have thoroughly
cooled.
You can use wood ash as a garden fertilizer.
CAUTION: Never use your household or shop vacuum
cleaner to remove ash from the stove; always remove
and dispose of the ash properly.
Open
Close
ST545
Fig. 36 Turn the ashdoor handle clockwise to open and counterclockwise to close.
ST545
ashdoor
11/00
ST566
Fig. 37 Be sure the cover is securely attached before removing the ash pan.
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34
REMOVEASHPAN
27
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Draft Management
A stove is part of a system, which includes the chimney,
the operator, the fuel, and the home. The other parts of
the system will affect how well the stove works. When
there is a good match between all the parts, the system
works well.
Wood stove or insert operation depends on natural
(unforced) draft. Natural draft occurs when the exhaust
is hotter (and therefore lighter) than the outdoor air at
the top of the chimney. The bigger the temperature
difference, the stronger the draft. As the hot gases rise
through the chimney they provide suction or ‘draw’ that
pulls air into the stove for combustion. A slow, lazy fire
with the stove’s air inlets fully open indicates a weak
draft. A brisk fire, supported only by air entering the
stove through the normal inlets, indicates a good draft.
The stove’s air inlets are passive; they regulate how
much air can enter the stove, but they don’t move air
into it.
Depending on the features of your installation - steel
or masonry chimney, inside or outside the house,
matched to the stove’s outlet or oversized - your
system may warm up quickly, or it may take a while to
warm up and operate well. With an ‘airtight’ stove, one
which restricts the amount of air getting into the firebox,
the chimney must keep the stove’s exhaust warm all
the way to the outdoors in order for the stove to work
well. Some chimneys do this better than others. Here’s
a list of features and their effects.
Masonry Chimney
Masonry is a traditional material for chimneys, but it
can perform poorly when it serves an ‘airtight’ stove.
Masonry is a very effective ‘heat sink’ - it absorbs a lot
of heat. It can cool the chimney gases enough to diminish draft. The bigger the chimney, the longer it takes to
warm up. It’s often very difficult to warm up an outdoor
masonry chimney, especially an oversized one, and
keep it warm enough to maintain an adequate draft.
Steel Chimney
Most factory-made steel chimneys have a layer of
insulation around the inner flue. This insulation keeps
the chimney warm. The insulation is less dense than
masonry, so a steel chimney warms up more quickly
than a masonry chimney. Steel doesn’t have the good
looks of masonry, but it performs much better.
Indoor/Outdoor Location
Because the chimney must keep the smoke warm, it’s
best to locate it inside the house. This uses the house
as insulation for the flue and allows some heat release
into the home. An indoor chimney won’t lose its heat
28
to the outdoors, so it takes less heat from the stove to
heat it up and keep it warm.
Chimney Height
The common wisdom tells us that a taller flue draws
better than a short one. This isn’t necessarily so. If a
chimney is tall enough to meet the safety requirements
of the 2/3/10 foot rule, then adding more height isn’t the
right answer to a draft problem. In fact it could make the
problem worse by adding more mass to the chimney
system, which must be warmed up, a distance from the
heat source (the stove). Don’t make a chimney taller
unless you must in order to meet the safety rules, or unless there’s some nearby feature causing a downdraft.
Even then, there are downdraft-preventing chimney
caps available, which are probably the smarter choice.
Flue Sizing
The inside size of a chimney for an ‘airtight’ stove
should match the size of the stove’s flue outlet. When
a chimney serves an airtight stove, more is not better;
in fact, it can be a disadvantage. Hot gases lose heat
faster as they travel slower through a chimney; if we
vent a stove with a six-inch flue collar (28 square inch
area) into a 10 x 10” flue, the gases slow to one third
their original speed. This allows the gases to cool more
rapids, which weakens draft strength. If an oversized
flue is also outside the house, the heat it absorbs gets
transferred to the outdoor air and the flue usually stays
cool.
It is common for a masonry flue, especially one serving
a fireplace, to be oversized for the stove. It can take
quite a while to warm up such a flue, and the results
can be disappointing. The best solution to an oversized
flue is an insulated steel chimney liner, the same diameter as the stove or insert’s flue outlet; the liner keeps
the exhaust warm, and the result is a stronger draft. An
non-insulated liner is a second choice - the liner keeps
the exhaust restricted to its original size, but the hot
gases still must warm up the air around the liner. This
makes the warm-up process take longer.
Pipe & Chimney Layout
Every turn the exhaust must take as it travels to the
chimney top will slow it down. The ideal pipe and chimney layout is to vent vertically into a completely straight
and vertical chimney. If you are starting from scratch,
use this layout if possible. If the stovepipe must elbow
to enter a chimney, locate the thimble about midway
between the stove top and the ceiling. This achieves
several goals: it allows the gases to speed up before
they must turn, it leaves some pipe in the room for heat
30002850
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
transfer, and it gives you long-term flexibility for installing a different stove without relocating the thimble.
There should be no more than eight feet of single-wall
stove pipe between the stove and a chimney; longer
runs can cool the exhaust enough to cause draft and
creosote problems. With prefabricated chimney, bring it
down to six to eight feet from the stove. With a masonry
chimney, arrange the pipe so that it turns into the chimney within eight feet of the stove.
Single Venting
Each ‘airtight’ stove requires its own flue. If an airtight
stove is vented to a flue that also serves an open fireplace, or a leakier stove, it’s easier for the chimney draft
to pull air in through those channels and performance
of the stove suffers. Imagine a vacuum cleaner with a
hole in the hose to understand the effect here. In some
cases the other appliance can even cause a negative
draft through the stove, and result in a dangerous draft
reversal.
Creosote
Creosote is a by-product of slow wood-burning. It’s an
organic tar that can condense in the flue if it is present in the exhaust, slow-moving, and cools to less than
290°F (130°C). Condensed creosote is volatile, and
can generate chimney fires if it gets hot enough. All the
features that affect chimney draft also affect creosote
condensation - so use whatever combination of installation features and operational steps that will encourage
good draft and minimize creosote production.
Because letting the exhaust cool off and slow down
is one of the keys to creosote accumulation, it makes
sense to line a chimney to match the stove’s outlet size,
for safety reasons as well as performance. Canadian
law requires a matching liner to serve any stove or
insert vented through a fireplace chimney; in the US,
the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) recommends a chimney liner if the flue is more than three
times bigger (in square area) than the outlet on the
stove or insert. Some localities enforce the NFPA guidelines as part of their building codes.
Fuel
Even the best stove installation will not perform well
with poor fuel. The best fuel is hardwood that has airdried 12-18 months. Softwood burns, but not as long as
hardwood. ‘Green’ wood has a lot of moisture in it; it will
burn, but some of the heat potential is used to boil the
extra moisture from the wood. This reduces the amount
of heat that reaches your home and can contribute to a
creosote problem. There are moisture meters available
for firewood; you can also judge your wood by its appearance and weight. If you get it green, lift a piece and
30002850
get a sense of its weight; it can lose a third or more of
its weight as it dries. Also look at the ends of a log; as it
dries it shrinks and often cracks. The more weathered
and cracked a piece is, the drier it is.
Dry wood burns readily with a good chimney draft.
But with modern stoves, wood can be too dry and too
volatile. Smoke and combustible gases can ‘gas out’
from the wood quickly and densely enough to overload
the combustion system. If you hear a rumbling or roaring noise (like a propane torch) from the stove, that is a
sign that the stove is overfiring.
Back-puffing
Back-puffing results when the fire produces volatile
gases faster than the chimney draft pulls them out of
the firebox. The gases back up in the firebox until they
are concentrated enough and hot enough to ignite. If
your stove back-puffs, the stove needs to cool down.
You should open the damper to let the smoke rise to
the flue more quickly, allow more air into the firebox,
avoid big loads of firewood and check that the wood
moisture is not too low.
Draft Testing
An easy way to test your chimney draft is to close the
stove’s damper, wait a few minutes to let the airflow
stabilize, then see whether you can vary the strength of
the fire by swinging the air control open and closed. Results are not always instant; you may need to wait a few
minutes for a change in the air control setting to have
an effect on the fire. If there’s no change, then the draft
isn’t strong enough yet to let you close the damper, and
you’ll need to open it for awhile longer and manage the
fire with the air inlet until the draft strengthens. If you
keep track of your burning habits and relate them to
their effects on the stove’s operation, you’ll be rewarded
with good performance and a safe system.
Negative Pressure
Good draft also depends on a supply of air to the
stove; a chimney can’t pull in more air than is available to it. Sluggish draft results when a house is tight
enough to prevent the ready flow of air to the stove, or
by competition between the stove and other equipment
that sends indoor air outside - especially power-driven
equipment like range hoods, clothes dryers, etc. If the
chimney draws well with all other equipment turned
off (or sealed, in the case of fireplaces and/or other
stoves), then you simply need to be careful with timing
the use of the other air consuming equipment. If you
need to crack a nearby window or door to enable the
chimney to flow well, it may be a good idea to install an
outside-air intake to bring combustion air directly to the
stove. An outside air kit is available to connect the stove
directly to a source of outdoor combustion air.
29
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Conclusion
Wood-burning is an art rather than a science. Once the
stove and chimney system are in place, you can only
vary your technique, mostly your timing, to achieve
good results. If you keep track of your burning habits
and relate them to their effects on the stove’s operation,
you’ll be rewarded with good performance and year of
reliable heating.
30
30002850
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Maintenance
Keep Your Stove Looking New
and Working Its Best
Let the fire in the stove go out and allow the stove to
cool completely before beginning any maintenance
procedure.
Care of the Cast Iron Surface
An occasional dusting with a dry rag will keep the
painted cast iron of your Defiant looking new.
The stove’s paint can be touched up as needed. First,
mask the areas, such as enamelled parts, glass, or
handles, around the spot to be painted. Clean the spot
with a wire brush. Remove the griddle and set it aside.
It is normal for the griddle to darken after use. You can
clean it with a fine-bristle wire brush, or steel wool.
Then, touch up the stove with Vermont Castings’ high
temperature stove paint. Apply the paint sparingly; two
light coats of paint are better than a single heavy one.
Care of the Porcelain Enamel Surface
Use a dry or slightly damp rag or soft brush to remove
spills or stains. For difficult jobs that require a cleaning
agent, use only a kitchen appliance cleaner or polish
recommended for use on enamel surfaces.
Removing the Glass
1. Remove the right and left door assemblies by raising the door until the lower hinge pin clears its hole;
then, angle the door bottom slightly outward and pull
down to release the upper hinge pin. Place the doors
face down on a padded work surface. Be especially
careful with enamelled doors.
2. Remove the screws that hold the glass retainer clips
in place, and remove the clips.
3. Carefully lift the broken glass panel from the door.
Installing the Glass
Check the gasket around the window; it should be soft
and resilient so that the glass will seal properly against
the door. Replace the gasket if it has hardened or if it is
compressed.
1. Center the glass on the gasket. Be sure to place the
glass so that the infrared reflective coating is on the
exterior side, facing toward the room.
2. Secure the glass on both doors with the retainer
clips. Tighten all screws. (Fig. 38)
3. Replace the doors on the stove.
4. Open and close the doors to check that they fit and
work properly. Adjust as necessary.
Cleaning the Glass
Most of the carbon deposits on the glass will burn off
during hot fires.
Door Gasket
Right Door
(Back Side)
However, the ash residue that accumulates on the
glass surface should be removed regularly to prevent
etching. To clean the glass, follow this procedure:
• Be sure the glass is completely cool.
• Clean the glass with water or a cleaner made espe-
•
•
cially for this purpose. Do not use abrasive cleaners.
Use cleaning agents sparingly and be sure to keep
them off the outer surfaces of the stove.
Rinse the glass thoroughly.
Dry the glass completely.
Replace Broken Glass Immediately
Left Door
Glass Gasket
Glass Panel
Retainer Clip
Do not operate your stove if the glass in the doors is
damaged.
If you need to replace the glass, use only the high
temperature ceramic glass supplied by Vermont Castings. Do not use substitutes. Be sure to specify left or
right glass; the panels are not interchangeable, due to a
heat-reflective coating on the side toward the room.
30002850
Retainer Clip
ST547
Fig. 38 An exploded view of the glass assembly.
ST547
door install
11/00
31
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Adjust the Damper as Needed
Pawl
The tension on the Defiant’s damper is adjustable to
compensate for compression of the gasket that seals
the damper to the upper fireback. To adjust the damper:
1. Remove the griddle. Loosen the lock nut at the center of the damper. (Fig. 39)
2. Turn the pressure screw approximately one half turn
clockwise with an Allen wrench provided with your
stove.
3. Tighten the lock nut. Prevent the pressure screw
from turning as you tighten the nut. Re-test the
damper.
Pressure Adjusting Screw
Allen
Wrench
Small Locking Nut
Striker Screw
Large
Locking
Nut
Set Screw
Handle Stub
Lock Nut
Damper
ST531
Fig. 40 Turn the door latch striker screw in or out to tighten or
loosen the screw.
Replace the StoveST531
Gaskets as Needed
ST554
Fig. 39 Adjust the damper with the Allen wrench.
Tighten the Damper Handle as Needed
A handle on the left side of the stove controls the
damper. The handle attaches to the damper rod with a
set screw. Periodically check the set screw and tighten
as necessary.
How to Adjust the Door Latches
The Defiant’s doors should close securely to prevent
accidental opening and to keep air from leaking into the
stove. On properly adjusted doors, the handles should
resist slightly as they are turned to the closed position
and the doors themselves should be drawn slightly
toward the stove.
Over time, the gasket around the doors will compress
and the latches may need
adjustment.
ST554
To adjust the latches, loosen the small lock nut, rotate
Damper adjustment
the striker screw a half-turn, and re-tighten the small
11/00
lock nut. (Fig. 40) Your stove
kit includes an Allen
wrench for latch adjustments. Hold the striker screw to
keep it from turning as you tighten the lock nut. Make
repeated small adjustments until the setting is right.
Door
Pawl to make
Your Defiant uses fiberglass
rope gaskets
a tight seal between some parts. With use, particu11/00
larly on moving parts, gaskets can become brittle and
compressed and can begin to lose their effectiveness.
These will need periodic replacement.
The sizes of replaceable gasket are listed below, along
with their applications.
Gasket Diameter......And the Parts it Seals
5/16” The griddle to the stove top (wire reinforced gasket)
5/16” The damper to the upper fireback; the front doors to the stove front; and the doors to each other.
3/8”
The ash door to the front of the bottom panel
The outer glass panes to the door
3/16”
If you need to change a gasket, first obtain an appropriate replacement from your Vermont Castings, Authorized Dealer.
Wait until the fire is out and the stove has cooled. Be
sure to follow the standard safety procedure for working
with dusty materials: wear safety goggles and a dust
mask.
The procedure for replacing gaskets is the same,
regardless of the gasket location. Follow these eight
steps:
1. Remove the existing gasket by grasping an end and
pulling firmly. (Fig. 41)
2. Use a wire brush or the tip of a screwdriver to clean
the channel of any remaining cement or bits of gasket.
Remove stubborn deposits of cement with a cold chisel
if necessary. (Fig. 41)
32
30002850
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
All Gasketed Construction Gaskets
ST560
Fig. 41 Remove gasket then clean channel with wire brush.
ST559
3. Determine the correctRemove
length of the appropriate-sized
gasket by laying it out ingasket
the channel. Allow an extra
11/30/00
djt to be cut.
1-2” (25-50 mm), and mark
the spot
4. Remove the gasket from the channel, place it on a
wood cutting surface, and cut it at the marked spot with
a utility knife.
Twist the ends slightly to keep the gasket from unraveling.
5. Lay an unbroken 1/8” (3 mm) bead of gasket cement
in the newly-cleaned channel. (Fig. 42)
6. Starting at one end, press the gasket into the channel. (Fig. 48) Ensure a good joint where the gasket
meets before trimming any excess. Do not overlap the
gasket ends or leave ends with ragged edges.
et
ask
ve G ent
Sto Cem
ST561
Fig. 42 Lay a bead of gasket cement then press gasket in
place.
7. Press the gasketed part
firmly against its normal
ST559
mating surface to seat Remove
the gasket evenly in its channel.
gasket
Close and latch the door
to do this, or tap other parts
11/30/00
djt
with the rubber mallet (or
hammer/block
of wood).
8. Clean any excess cement from around the channel, then let the cement that holds the new gasket dry
thoroughly.
9. The stove’s doors may need adjustment after you
have regasketed them. Initially, it may require loosening
the latch to accommodate the new gasket; after a few
weeks, it may need tightening to compensate for compression of the new gasket. The directions for adjusting
the latches are on Page 32.
30002850
Other gaskets form seals between all other non-moving
parts, but these are not subject to the same wear and
deterioration as gaskets on moving parts. It is unlikely
that you will ever need to replace these gaskets unless
the involved parts are disassembled and then put back
together. If this is the case, the job should be done only
by a qualified service technician.
5/16” diameter gasket seals the following parts:
• The lower fireback to the back panel
• The left and right air plates (inner sides)
• All connections between the stove plates.
The Chimney System
Creosote
Your Defiant is designed to reduce creosote build-up
significantly. However, regular chimney inspection and
maintenance must still be performed. For safety, good
stove performance, and to protect your chimney and
chimney connector, inspect your chimney and chimney
connector on a regular schedule. Clean the system if
necessary. Failure to keep the chimney and connector
system clean can result in a serious chimney fire.
When wood is burned slowly, it produces tar, organic
vapors and moisture that combine to form creosote. The
creosote vapors condense in the relatively cool chimney
flue of a slow-burning fire. As a result, creosote residue
accumulates on the flue lining. When ignited, this creosote makes an extremely hot fire within the flue system
that can damage the chimney and overheat adjacent
combustible material. If a significant layer of creosote
has accumulated —1/8” (3 mm) or more — it should be
removed to reduce the risk of a chimney fire.
You can never be too safe. Contact your local fire
authority for information on what to do in the event of
a chimney fire, and have a clearly understood plan on
how to handle one.
If you do experience a chimney fire, act promptly to:
• Close the damper and air control lever.
• Get everyone out of the house.
• Call the Fire Department.
Inspect the system every two weeks during the heating season as part of a regular maintenance schedule.
To inspect the chimney, let the stove cool completely.
Then, using a mirror and a strong light, sight up through
the flue collar into the chimney flue. If you cannot inspect the flue system in this fashion, the stove must be
disconnected to provide better viewing access.
Clean the chimney using a brush the same size and
shape as the flue liner. Flexible fiberglass rods are used
to run the brush up and down the liner, causing any
deposits to fall to the bottom of the chimney where they
can be removed through the clean-out door.
33
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Clean the chimney connector by disconnecting the sections, taking them outside, and removing any deposits
with a stiff wire brush. Reinstall the connector sections
after cleaning, being sure to secure the joints between
individual sections with sheet metal screws.
If you cannot inspect or clean the chimney yourself,
contact your local Vermont Castings dealer or a professional chimney sweep.
Maintenance Schedule
The Stove
DAILY:
• Clear any ash build-up from around the air holes and
combustion flow path in the lower fireback.
• Ashes should be removed before they reach the top
of the ash pan. Check accumulation at least once a
day.
• Keep the area around the stove clear of any combustible materials such as wood, furniture or clothing.
TWO MONTHS:
• Check door handle to be sure it is working properly.
Gasketing becomes compressed after a period of
time. Adjust handle tightness if necessary.
• Check leg bolts and heat shield screws; tighten if
necessary.
Annual Spring Cleaning:
• Check gasketing for wear, and replace if necessary.
• Remove ashes from the ash pan and replace with a
moisture absorbing material (such as kitty litter) to
keep the interior of the stove dry.
• Clean the dust from the inner sides of bottom, rear or
pipe heat shields if your stove is equipped with them.
Clean surfaces are better heat reflectors than dirty
surfaces.
• Touch up the black paint.
• Inspect for and remove ash build-up behind the combustion package. This should be done in conjunction
with annual cleaning of the chimney connector since
this inspection is most conveniently done through the
flue collar opening. Inspect the passages to either
side of the combustion package (a mirror will be
helpful) and vacuum away ash using a flexible vacuum hose inserted into each passage. Care should be
taken not to damage the white fibrous material in this
rear chamber. (Fig. 43)
34
The Chimney Connector
TWO WEEKS:
• Inspect the chimney connector and chimney. Clean if
necessary.
TWO MONTHS:
• Inspect the chimney and chimney connector. Pay
particular attention to the horizontal runs of chimney
connector, and the elbows. Clean the system if necessary.
Annual Spring Cleaning:
• Disassemble the chimney connector and take it
outdoors for inspection and cleaning. Replace weak
sections of connector.
• Inspect the chimney for signs of deterioration. Repairs to a masonry chimney should be made by a
professional mason. Replace damaged sections of
prefabricated chimney. Your local Dutchwest dealer
or a chimney sweep can help determine when replacement is necessary.
• Thoroughly clean the chimney.
Inspect and
Vacuum Both
Rear Corners
Ash Build-up
ST856
Fig. 43 Inspect and clean out ash accumulation on either side
of the non-catalytic combustion system.
34
CLEANASH
30002850
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
14 13 12
24 37 20 25 23 17 16 69 18 15 66
23 35 5 22 87
19 6
36 63 4 21 84 8 62
45 23 46 45 56 64 62
2 1 59 62
61 45 23 7 28
34
60 47 65 39
88 93
41 42 11 88 43 50 38 44 44 27 40 92a
92
57 48 50 9 4 10 85 3 1 33 92b
75 77 31 58 76 30 70 79 29 52 53 70 51 74 71 75 91 80 74 54 49 32 70 80 68 78 67 55 68 72 73 91 52 78 81 26 56 82 83 MHSC reserves the right to make changes in design, materials, specifications, prices and discontinue colors and products at any time, without
2850 notice.
Defiant Woodburning Stove
Model 1610
30002850
Defiant N parts 11/05 35
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Defiant Woodburning Stove
Model 1610 (continued)
Item DescriptionPart Number
1. Side Insulation
30002846
2. Right Side Brick
30002847
3. Left Side Refractory
30002848
4. Brick Support Bracket
30002480
5. Griddle Gasket
1203668
6. Back
30002833
7. Left Heat Deflector
30002441
8. Right Heat Deflector
30002442
9. Shoe Refractory
30002243
10. Shoe Gasket
30002864
11. Fireback
30002840
12. Outer Back
30002839
13. Left Griddle Quadrant
30002399
14. Right Griddle Quadrant
30002401
15. Griddle
30002822
16. Griddle Handle
1600657
17. Griddle Handle Spacer
1600070
18. Griddle Handle Bolt
1200907
19. Damper Gasket
1203588
20. Damper Ramp
1300643
21. Damper Housing
30002821
22. Damper1
30002816
23. Damper Tab1
1601488
24. Damper Rod1
1600065
25. Griddle Handle Bushing
1201895
26. Ash Door Heat Shield
1401911
27. Rheostat Bracket
30002863
28. Fountain Assembly
30002100
29. Damper Handle Screw
1201310
30. Damper Handle
1600644
31. Damper Handle Base Assy
30002720
32. Left Side See Chart Pg. 37
33. Left Air Manifold
30002818
34. Right Air Manifold
30002817
35. Right Side
See Chart Pg. 37
36. Thermostat Handle Base Assy
30002716
37. Washer Damper Rod
1202560
38. Grate
30002820
39. Inner Bottom
30002838
40. Top Ashdoor Hinge
30002836
41. Door Handle Bracket
30002844
42. Bottom
30002829
43. Ashlip
See Chart Pg. 37
44. Fireback Retainer
30002815
45. Friction Spring
1201846
46. Washer Friction Spring/Therm Handle Linkage
1202471
47. Air Plate
30002819
48. Andiron
30002827
49. Control Spacer
1201781
50. Leg Leveller
1201745
51. Ashdoor Handle Shaft
1600622
36
Item DescriptionPart Number
52. Pawl Assy 3/4 short adj
30002362
53. Ashdoor
30002810
54. Ashdoor Handle (Wood)
1600663
55. Ashdoor Hinge Rod
30002826
56. Cotter Pin, Ashdoor
30001749
57. Ashdoor Bottom Hinge Support
1300642
58. Ashpan Bracket
30001908
59. Primary Air Flap
30002849
60. Primary Air Shaft
30002841
61. Air Linkage
30002842
62. Rear Side Bracket
30002845
63. Thermostat Handle
1600660
64. Airwash Manifold
30002814
65. Front
See Chart Pg. 37
66. Flue Collar Gasket
30001910
67. Left Door
See Chart Pg. 37
68. Door Hinge Strip
1300645
69. Top
See Chart Pg. 37
70. Glass Clip
30001715
71. Glass Clip (Right Door Only)
30001716
72. Front Door Handle & Shaft
30002717
73. Right Door
See Chart Pg. 37
74. Door Gasket
1203589
75. Glass Gasket
1203556
76. Left Door Glass1
1600064
77. Right Door Glass1
1600062
78. Lower Door Hinge Pin
30002727
79. Spacer (for Damper rod)
1201779
80. Upper Door Hinge Pin
30002727
81. Handle Base Stub
30002714
82. Wood Handle
1600664
83. Handle Bolt
1201310
84. Thermostat Handle Bolt
1201243
85. Ash Pan Assy
30001690
87. Flue Collar
See Chart Pg. 37
88. Leg
See Chart Pg. 37
91. Hex Head Jam Nut
1203290
92. Bottom Heat Shield
30005037
92a. Bottom Heat Shield Rt Wing
30005038
92b. Bottom Heat Shield Lt Wing
30005039
92c. Trs. Hd, Ph 10-24 x 1/2 z
1200998
92d. Nut, Hex 10-24z
1203251
93. Fountain Heat Shield
30004572
30002850
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
Defiant Woodburning Stove
Model 1610 (continued)
Shell Enamel Parts - Defiant Model 1610
Part NameClassicBiscuitBordeauxChestnutEbony
MidnightVermontBrown
BrownBlueGreen
Majolica
Top
30002834 30002874 30002915
30002926 30002894 30002884
30002937 30004837
Left Side
30002832 30002872 30002913
30002924 30002892 30002882
30002935 30004834
Right Side
30002831 30002871 30002912
30002923 30002891 30002881
30002934 30004835
Flue Collar
30001576 30002947 30002921
30002932 30002910 30001617
30002943 30004815
Front
30002830 30002873 30002914
30002925 30002893 30002883
30002936 30004836
Ashlip
30002811
30002870
30002911
30002922 30002890 30002880
30002933 30004833
Left Door
30002854* 30002879 30002920
30002931 30002899 30002889
30002942 30004840
Sub Assy
Left Door
30002813 30002876 30002917
30002928 30002896 30002886
30002939 30004842
Right Door
30002853* 30002878 30002919
30002930 30002898 30002888
30002941 30004839
Sub Assy
Right Door
30002812 30002875 30002916
30002927 30002895 30002885
30002938 30004841
Leg
30002835 30002877 30002918
30002929 30002897 30002887
30002940 30004843
*NOTE: Does not contain glass or glass gasket.
NOTES:
In this diagram and throughout this manual, ‘left’ and ‘right’ mean as you
face the stove.
When ordering parts, be sure to mention the stove’s model number.
When ordering external parts, be sure to specify color.
1. Not interchangeable, due to a heat-reflective coating on the room
side of the glass.
The hardware in the Defiant is in standard sizes; most bolts are 1/4”
diameter by 20 threads per inch. Most hardware stores can supply replacement hardware if you specify bolt diameter, number of threads per
inch and length. Fasteners inside the firebox should be replaced with
stainless steel for ease of future disassembly.
30002850
37
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
38
30002850
Defiant® 1610 Non-Catalytic Woodburning Stove
LIMITED LIFETIME Warranty
For Vermont Castings Defiant, Non-Catalytic Wood Stove
Limited Lifetime Warranty
MHSC warrants that all refractory brick and material
used in this product will be warranted against
deterioration not resulting from physical damage or
overloading of the woodstove for the lifetime of this
product. This coverage includes the components of
the EverBurn System: “shoe, fountain, and fireback.
Coverage is provided only to the original purchaser.
Limited 3 Year Warranty
All cast iron parts are warranted for a period of three
years against breakage, cracking or burn-through.
Limited 1 Year Warranty
The following part of the woodburning stove are
warranted to be free of defects in material and workmanship for a period of one year from the date you
receive it: The handles, glass door panels, door
gasketing and porcelain finish. Any of these items
found to be defective will be repaired or replaced at
no charge, upon the return of the part with postage
prepaid to a Vermont Castings Authorized Dealer.
Any parts repaired or replaced during the limited
warranty period will be warranted under the terms
of the limited warranty for a period not to exceed the
remaining term of the original limited warranty or six
(6) months, whichever is longer.
Exclusions & Limitations
1. This warranty is non-transferable.
2. This warranty does not cover misuse of the stove.
Misuse includes overfiring, which will result if the stove
is used in such a manner as to cause one or more
of the plates to glow red. Overfiring can be identified
later by warped plates and areas where the paint pigments has burned off. Overfiring in enamel stoves is
identified by bubbling, cracking, chipping and discoloration of the porcelain enamel finish. MHSC offers no
warranty on chipping of enamel surfaces. Inspect your
woodburning stove prior to accepting it for any damage to the enamel.
3. This warranty does not cover misuse of the stove as
described in the Owners Guide, nor does it cover a
stove which has been modified unless authorized by
a MHSC representative in writing. This warranty does
not cover damage to the stove caused by burning salt
saturated wood, chemically treated wood, or any fuel
not recommended in the Owners Guide.
4. This warranty does not cover a stove repaired by
someone other than a Vermont Castings Authorized
Dealer.
30002850
5. Damage to the unit while in transit is not covered
by this warranty but is subject to a claim against the
common carrier. Contact Vermont Castings Authorized Dealer from whom you purchased your stove or
MHSC if the purchase was direct. (Do not operate
the stove as this may negate the ability to process the
claim with the carrier).
6. Claims are not valid where the installation does not
conform to local building and fire codes or, in their absence, to the recommendations in our Owners Guide.
7. The salt air environment of coastal areas, or a highhumidity environment, can be corrosive to the porcelain enamel finish. These conditions can cause rusting
of the cast iron beneath the porcelain enamel finish,
which will cause the porcelain enamel finish to flake
off. This warranty does not cover damage caused by
a salt air or high-humidity environment.
8. MHSC shall have no obligation to enhance or update
any unit once manufactured.
IN NO EVENT SHALL MHSC BE LIABLE FOR INCIDENTAL
AND CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES. ALL IMPLIED
WARRANTIES, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS, ARE LIMITED TO
THE DURATION OF THIS WRITTEN WARRANTY. THIS
WARRANTY SUPERCEDES ALL OTHER ORAL OR WRITTEN
WARRANTIES.
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitations of
incidental and consequential damages or limitations on
how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitations may not apply to you. This warranty gives you
specific rights and you may have other rights, which vary
from state to state.
How to Obtain Service
If a defect is noted within the warranty period, the
customer should contact a Vermont Castings Authorized
Dealer or MHSC if the purchase was direct with the
following information:
1. Name, address, and telephone number of the purchaser
2. Date of Purchase.
3. Serial number from the label on the back
4. Nature of the defect or damage.
5. Any relevant information or circumstances, e.g., installation, mode of operation when defect was noted.
A warranty claim will then start in process. MHSC reserves the right to withhold final approval of a warranty
claim pending a visual inspection of the defect by authorized representatives.
39
MHSC
149 Cleveland Drive • Paris, Kentucky 40361
www.mhsc.com
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