Add a Splash of Imagination
Add a Splash of Imagination
DuraCeramic
DuraCeramic Dimensions
Ovations
®
®
Installation and Technical Guide
®
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
pre- 1978 homes, child care facilities and schools must be certified
and must follow specific work practices to prevent lead contamination.
Detailed information on training and certification is available through the
EPA at the following web site www.epa.gov/lead/pubs/toolkits.htm.
Safety for yourself and others on the job site is your responsibility as
a professional flooring installer. Read and observe the following safety
precautions.
Mold and Mildew Issues
• R ead and follow the safety precautions and warnings printed on the
label of the installation accessory products being used. Obtain the
appropriate MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS (MSDS) for information
that may be required for products which may contain hazardous materials. MSDS are available for the adhesive, joint sealer, and grout. You
may obtain an MSDS for these products by calling or writing to your
Congoleum distributor or contacting Congoleum at the address
or phone number listed on this page.
• Wood and concrete: If working on wood or concrete subfloors, use
proper safety precautions when sanding or grinding. Avoid creating dust. Concrete and cementitious patching compounds contain
crystalline silica, which is a known carcinogen. Wood dust is classified
as a nasal carcinogen in humans. Airborne wood dust may also be an
explosive hazard.
• Resilient Flooring
Prior to removing an existing floor following the RFCI Recommended Work
Practices for Removal of Resilient Floor Coverings (unless state or local
law requires other measures), if there are visible indications of mold or
mildew or the presence of a strong musty odor in the area where resilient
flooring is to be removed or installed, the source of the problem should
be identified and corrected before proceeding with the flooring work. In
virtually all situations, if there is a mold issue, there is or has been an
excessive moisture issue. Visible signs of mold or mildew (such as discoloration) can indicate the presence of mold or mildew on the subfloor, on
the underlayment, on the back of the flooring, and sometimes even on the
floor surface. If mold or mildew is discovered during the removal or installation of resilient flooring, all flooring work should stop until the mold or
mildew problem (and any related moisture problem) has been addressed.
In areas where flooding has occurred, it is recommended that damaged
flooring be removed following the RFCI Recommended Work Practices for
Removal of Resilient Floor Coverings (unless state or local law requires
other measures). Any underlayment and subfloor should be allowed to
thoroughly dry and, if necessary, cleaned, disinfected, and otherwise remediated consistent with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
guidelines referenced below. Any structural damage or signs of mold or
mildew must be corrected before reinstalling resilient flooring. This may
include, for example, replacement of the underlayment and/or subfloor.
Warning
Do not sand, dry sweep, dry scrape, drill, saw, beadblast, or mechanically chip or pulverize existing resilient flooring, backing, lining felt,
asphaltic “cutback” adhesive, or other adhesive. These products may
contain asbestos fibers and/or crystalline silica. Avoid creating dust.
Inhalation of such dust is a cancer and respiratory tract hazard.
Smoking by individuals exposed to asbestos fibers greatly increases
the risk of serious bodily harm. Unless positively certain that the
product is a non-asbestos containing material, you must presume
it contains asbestos. Regulations may require that the material be
tested to determine asbestos content and may govern the removal
and disposal of material. Whenever possible, existing flooring should
be left in place and the new floor installed over the top. If you must
remove old flooring material, contact your retailer or Congoleum
Corporation, Installation Department, P.O. Box 3127, Mercerville, NJ
08619, for a copy of recommended work practices for the removal
of resilient floor coverings. These practices should be followed.
For water damage caused by leaking fixtures, the source of the moisture
leak must be located and corrected. Any structural damage must be
repaired and any signs of mold or residual moisture must be addressed
before replacing the resilient flooring in the affected area.
To deal with mold and mildew issues, you should refer to the EPA guidelines that address mold and mildew. Depending on the mold and mildew
condition present, those remediation options range from clean up measures using gloves and biocide to hiring a professional mold and mildew
remediation contractor to address the condition. Remediation measures
may require structural repairs such as replacing the underlayment and/
or subfloor contaminated with mold and mildew as a result of prolonged
exposure to moisture.
NOTICE
Various federal, state and local government agencies have regulations
covering the removal of in-place asbestos containing material. If you contemplate the removal of a resilient floor covering structure that contains
(or is presumed to contain) asbestos, you must review and comply with
all applicable regulations. Regulations outside the United States may vary.
Copies of the Resilient Floor Covering Institute (RFCI) Recommended Work
Practices for the Removal of Resilient Floor Coverings are available from:
The EPA mold guidelines are contained in two publications “A Brief Guide
To Mold, Moisture and Your Home” (EPA 402-K-02-003) and “Mold
Remediation in Schools and Commercial Buildings” (EPA 402-K-01-001).
Appendix B of the “Mold Remediation in Schools and Commercial
Buildings” publication describes potential health effects from exposure
to mold, such as allergic and asthma reactions and irritation to eyes, skin,
nose and throat. These publications can be located on EPA’s website at
www.epa.gov/iaq/molds/
Resilient Floor Covering Institute
401 East Jefferson Street
Suite 102
Rockville, MD 20850
• Keep work areas free of obstructions, such as tools and scrap or loose
tiles, and dispose of scrap materials promptly and properly to eliminate
a slip or trip hazard.
Please note that the RFCI Recommended Work Practices are subject to
change as new practices are incorporated. It is your responsibility to determine that the recommended work practices you use are those in effect.
• Always use the correct lifting practices.
• Use heavy-duty extension cords and keep them in good repair.
• If using minerals spirits as suggested in this guide, CAUTION: Minerals
spirits is a flammable material. Read and follow cautionary instructions
on the labels of these products.
Caution: Paints Containing Lead
Certain paints may contain lead. Common renovation activities like
sanding, cutting, removal of trim and demolition can create hazardous
lead dust and chips which can be harmful. Beginning April 22, 2010
contractors performing renovation projects, including preparation of
an area to receive floor covering, that disturb lead –based paints in
• W
ear protective equipment when appropriate such as safety glasses,
respirators, NIOSH-designated dust masks, kneepads, gloves, etc.
2
DuraCeramic, DuraCeramic Dimensions
and Ovations
Residential
Recommended for use in all areas of the home except countertops,
ceilings and wet areas like shower walls and shower floors.
DuraCeramic, DuraCeramic Dimensions and Ovations are constructed
with a limestone composite base that is fortified with a polymeric
resin. It provides toughness and flexibility to resist breaking from
normal subfloor deflection, expansion and contraction. This feature
permits fast, easy installation using a pressure sensitive adhesive over
a wide variety of subfloor surfaces without extensive preparation.
Light Commercial
Recommended for areas receiving light commercial foot traffic.
DuraCeramic and DuraCeramic Dimensions are not recommended for
installation in exterior or unheated areas, wet areas, like shower walls
or shower floors, countertops, ceilings, in commercial kitchens or food
processing areas or on ramps. For information on other specific
applications, contact the Congoleum Installation and Technical Office
at (609) 584-3888.
OVERVIEW
Use Congoleum DS100 DuraSet Adhesive, for all approved floor applications. Set tiles into tacky dry adhesive. Mortar, mastic or other adhesives
are not recommended. Depending on the desired appearance, tiles can
be installed with or without grout.
General Information
• A lways store and transport cartons on a flat surface stacked no more
than 10 cartons high. Handle tiles and cartons with care. Tiles can
be damaged if dropped.
• G
routed floor tiles are laid with a 1/8” to 1/4” space at the joints
depending on the desired grout line width. Congoleum DuraCeramic
Premixed Grout can be applied immediately after tile is installed.
Do not use cement epoxy or other premix grouts.
• Ungrouted floor tiles are laid with no space at the joints. The
joints on an ungrouted DuraCeramic tile floor should be sealed with
Congoleum DS200 DuraCeramic Joint Sealer to lock out surface water
and aid cleaning. Sealing is highly recommended for all un-grouted
DuraCeramic and DuraCeramic Dimensions floors.
• Condition the room(s) and all flooring and setting materials at a
constant temperature between 65°F (18°C) and 85°F (29°C) for
48 hours prior to, during, and 48 hours after installation. Thereafter,
maintain a room temperature between 55°F (13°C) and 100°F (38°C).
• W
hen installing flooring from two or more cartons, check the code on
the side of the cartons to ensure that the pattern and shade numbers
are the same. Mix tiles from several different cartons to achieve the
best appearance.
INSTALLATION ACCESSORY MATERIALS
• For best visual results: For DuraCeramic the directional arrows printed
on the back of the tile should be installed following the illustration in
(Fig. 1), with tiles turned randomly, i.e. north, south, east and west.
For Ovations, install with directional arrows pointing in the same
direction as shown in (Fig. 2). For DuraCeramic Dimensions, install
all tiles with arrows pointing in the opposite direction following the
illustration in (Fig. 3).
• D
S100 DuraSet Adhesive – For all approved floor applications.
• DuraCeramic Premixed Grout – For joints on grouted floor tiles.
• DS200 DuraCeramic Joint Sealer – For joints on ungrouted
DuraCeramic and DuraCeramic Dimensions floor tiles only.
• DuraCeramic Installation Accessory Kit – For grouted applications.
• Congoleum UnderFlor – Floating Underlayment System.
RECOMMENDED USE
DuraCeramic and DuraCeramic Dimensions are recommended for
residential and light commercial use in dry, interior, heated areas.
Ovations is only recommended for residential use in dry, interior,
heated areas.
Fig. 1 - Turn tiles as
shown.
Fig. 2 - Arrows in the
same direction.
Fig. 3 - Install with arrows pointing in
the opposite direction.
3
Installation Accessories Information
DS100 DuraSet
Adhesive
DS200 DuraCeramic Joint Sealer
DuraCeramic
Premixed Grout
Order Code
DS100
DS200
Use specific color code
Description
Solvent free, acrylic, pressure-
sensitive adhesive
Water-based, flexible acrylic sealer
Premixed sanded, acrylic grout
Use
Installing tile over all approved
floor surfaces
For sealing joints in ungrouted
DuraCeramic and
DuraCeramic Dimensions
floors only.
For use with DuraCeramic, DuraCeramic Dimensions
and Ovations in grouting joints 1/8” to 1/4” wide.
Can also be used for grouting most ceramic,
quarry and porcelain floor tile.
Limitations
Not recommended for solid
vinyl tile, rubber tile, or
resilient sheet products.
Not recommended for walls, or vertical surfaces, ceramic, porcelain, natural stone, or Ovations.
Not recommended for nonvitreous tiles or
natural stone, exterior use, shower floors
or underwater use.
Coverage
200 to 250 sq. ft. per gallon
320 sq. ft. per 8 oz. bottle
Joint Width
Approximate Coverage
Sq. Ft./Qt.
Sq. Ft./Gal.
1/8” (3.2mm)
80 (7.4m2)
325 (31m2)
3/16” (4.8mm)
70 (6.5m2)
275 (26m2)
1/4” (6.4mm)
55 (5m2)
225 (21m2)
Applicator
1/16” wide, 1/32” deep, Applicator nozzle included
1/32” apart , trowel blade
adapter included in 1 and
4 gallon containers only.
Hard rubber float or green epoxy float.
Cleanup with firm sponge and 3M® white pad.
Working Time
12 hours. Dry to tack - N/A
45 to 60 min. under normal conditions.
10 minutes - for best results apply grout in
a 20 sq. ft. area on floors and clean up
immediately.
Set Up Time
N/A
Tack free -1 hour
Set up - 8 hours
16 to 24 hours
Clean Up
Wet - Soap and water
Dry - Clean cloth dampened with mineral spirits.*
Wet - Water
Dry - Mineral spirits (Caution:
Mineral spirits is flammable)
Wet - Water
Dry - Household ammonia cleaner.
Do not use grout haze removers.
Color
Pale blue, turns clear when
White, turns clear when dry
tacky dry
Popular versatile colors
available
Tracers
Dark Red
N/A
N/A
Unit Size
1 quart; 1 gallon; 4 gallons
8 oz. bottle
1 quart; 1 gallon
Shelf Life
1 year if unopened
1 year if unopened
2 years, if unopened
Freeze/
YesYesYes
Thaw Stability
Flammable
NoNoNo
Cautions
Potential skin and eye irritant Potential skin and eye irritant
Potential skin, eye and respiratory irritant
DS100 and DS200 - WARNING: Potential eye and skin irritant. DuraCeramic Premixed Grout - WARNING: Potential eye, skin and respiratory irritant.
* Mineral spirits - Caution: Flammable material; read and follow cautionary statements on label.
4
Product Information
Specifications and Recommended Usage
Product Information
DuraCeramic
DuraCeramic Dimensions
Size (nominal)
15 5/8” x 15 5/8” (39.7 cm x 39.7 cm)
12” x 24” (30.48 cm x 60.96 cm)
14” x 14” (35.6 cm x 35.6 cm)
Gauge (nominal) .160” (4.1mm)
.160” (4.1 mm)
.140” (3.6 mm)
Packaging 10 pieces/carton; 17 sq. ft.; 1.58 m2
10 pieces/carton; 20 sq. ft.; 1.86 m2
15 pieces/carton;
20.4 sq. ft.; 1.90 m2
Shipping Weight
30.5 lbs./carton
36 lbs./carton
32.7 lbs./carton
NBS Smoke Density
Passes
Passes
Passes
Critical Radiant Flux (ASTM E648 >0.45w/cm2)
Passes
PassesPasses
Motor Vehicle FMVSS 302­­­
Passes
Passes
N/A
Static Load Limit
250 psi
250 psi
250 psi
Slip Resistance
Meets ADA Recommendations
Meets ADA Recommendations
Meets ADA Recommendations
PEI Rating 3-4
3-4
N/A
Installation Method
Grouted or Traditional Edge-to-Edge Fit (Ungrouted)
Grouted or Traditional Edge-to-Edge Fit (Ungrouted)
Grouted or Traditional
Edge-to-Edge Fit (Ungrouted)
Subfloor Application
On, above or below grade level
Adhesive
Congoleum DS100 DuraSet Adhesive
Grout
DuraCeramic Premix Grout
DuraCeramic Premix Grout
DuraCeramic Premix Grout
Joint Sealer (Recommended for ungrouted floors)
DS200 Joint Sealer DS200 Joint Sealer Not recommended
Suggested Usage
Warranty
Residential/Light Commercial
Residential
Residential - Lifelong Limited /Light Commercial - Residential 20 Years
Five-Year Limited Commercial
Flooring Installations
• T he use of a high-quality latex primer that is specifically designed
to improve adhesion may be used over wood, porous concrete and
patching compounds prior to adhesive application. The primer will help
seal the surface and tie down dust that can interfere with the adhesive
bond. Do not use paint primers.
Special Installation Tools
•
•
•
•
Ovations
Notched trowel (1/16” wide, 1/32” deep, 1/32” apart)
100-pound, three-section, steel roller
Grout tools and spacers for grouted applications
18” tile cutter - optional
Concrete Floors
Concrete must be clean, dry, and free of paint, curing, hardening and
parting compounds, sealers, and old adhesive residue. Moisture vapor
emissions should not exceed, 5 lbs./1,000 sq. ft./24 hrs. when tested
with the calcium chloride kit or 80% RH when tested using ASTM F2170
with a pH range between 5 - 9. Do not install DuraCeramic, DuraCeramic
Dimensions or Ovations over expansion joints; instead, cut the tile neatly
to each side of the joint and fill it with an elastomeric polyurethane joint
filler or cover with an expansion plate cover.
Subfloor Recommendations
DuraCeramic, DuraCeramic Dimensions and Ovations may be installed
directly over dry concrete on all grade levels, suspended wood, qualifying
old resilient floors, ceramic tile and terrazzo. DuraCeramic, DuraCeramic
Dimensions and Ovations can also be installed over Congoleum UnderFlor,
an optional floating underlayment system by Congoleum.
The surface must be clean, dry and free of dust, dirt, grease or other
extraneous material that will inhibit bonding. Thoroughly vacuum floor to
remove dust.
Wood Floors
Wood subfloors must be structurally sound and free of movement with
at least 18” of well-ventilated air space below. Single layer floors and
stripwood floors must be covered with a 1/4” or heavier underlayment to
achieve a total subfloor thickness of 1”. Position underlayment joints so
they offset the joints in the tile by at least 3”. Sand underlayment joints
level and fill gaps wider than 1/32” with the recommended patching
compound.
• D
eviations in the flatness of the subfloor cannot exceed 1/16” in 1’ or
3/16” in 10’. Check the surface with a straightedge and fill low areas
with a portland cement-based latex patching compound. Gypsum-based
patching compounds are not recommended.
5
Subfloor Recommendations
Subfloor
Construction/Comments
Materials
Congoleum UnderFlor
Notes
Congoleum
UnderFlor
• UnderFlor is an underlayment system
for floating installations of DuraCeramic,
DuraCeramic Dimensions and Ovations
over a variety of substrates in lieu of
direct bonding. See detailed
instructions on page 7.
The subfloor
system for
floating surface
must be smooth,
solid and dry.
Wood
• Double layer construction over joist
or trusses on 16” centers with at
least 18” of well-ventilated air space.
• Install 1/4” or heavier under-layment
over strip wood, single layer wood floors
and APA-rated Sturd-I-Floor Systems.
Subfloor must
be solid and free
of movement.
Install according
to panel manufacturers’ written
instructions.
Concrete
• On, above and below grade level.
• Radiant-heated floors not to
exceed 85°F (29°C).
Moisture vapor
emissions not to
exceed 5 lbs
or 80% RH.
Light Weight
Concrete
(Residential
Application only)
• Minimum 100-pound dry density
• Installation over gypsum-based
acoustical toppings is not
recommended unless Congoleum
UnderFlor is used.
Confirm
adequate
adhesion to
substrate.
Resilient
Floor
(See WARNING
on inside cover)
• Smooth, non-cushioned sheet
flooring and vinyl composition tile.
• Embossed non-cushioned and thin
cushioned vinyl flooring can be
prepared with embossing leveler
in residential applications.
• Do not install over soft, heavy
cushioned floors, flooring with a
cushioned backing, self-adhering
tile or tile installed below grade
level.
Must be single
layer, fully adhered
and well bonded.
Remove wax or
polish.
Ceramic
and Stone
• Ceramic, marble and granite.
Fill grout joints
and level floor.
Carpet/
Laminate
• Not recommended.
Remove
Patching
Compound
• Portland cement-based compound
such as Ardex Feather Finish,
Mapei Plani-Patch or equal.
• Gypsum-based patching
compounds are not recommended.
Refer to manufacturers’ instructions
for use and
applications.
Roll Sizes
UF120 – 6’ x 180’ (120 sq. yds. or 1080 sq. ft.)
UFB07 – 6’ x 16.7’ (11.11 sq. yds. or 100 sq. ft.)
Recommended Use
Underlayment • APA underlayment grade plywood
with fully sanded face.
• Hardwood and veneer
under-layment panels.
• Lauan plywood, particleboard,
oriented strand board and chipboard
create a higher risk for installation
and adhesive failure and are not
recommended unless warranted by
the panel manufacturer or supplier.
• Not recommended over cement
backer-boards, glass mesh mortar
units or acoustical cork.
UnderFlor is an all-in-one underlayment system that provides
an economical solution for installing DuraCeramic, DuraCeramic
Dimensions and Ovations as a floating flooring system over a
variety of subfloor surfaces. Now, one underlayment covers it
all; wood, concrete, most old hard surface flooring, gypsum
topping, even old adhesive residue and painted surfaces.
Congoleum UnderFlor is constructed in 6’ wide rolls, and since
it is a floating underlayment, it requires no fasteners or special
tools so it’s quick and easy to install.
• Residential applications on all grade levels
• Interior use in dry, heated areas
• Do not install over ramps, in showers or other wet areas
General Information
• A lways roll sheets of Congoleum UnderFlor tightly around a
tube with the vinyl side out for storing and transporting. Avoid
distorting Congoleum UnderFlor.
• Condition the room and all flooring materials at a constant
temperature between 65°F (18°C) and 85°F (29°C) for 48
hours prior to, during and 48 hours after installation.
• A ll UnderFlor underlayment and finished flooring must be
installed with a 1/4” space around the perimeter of the room
to allow for expansion and contraction of the flooring system
and subfloor. Undercut door casing and slide finished flooring
under for a finished appearance.
• Use DS100 Adhesive only for installing Congoleum
DuraCeramic, DuraCeramic Dimensions and Ovations
over Congoleum UnderFlor. Hard setting adhesives should
not be used with Congoleum UnderFlor.
Congoleum UnderFlor Installation
Install Congoleum UnderFlor with the vinyl side down just prior
to installation of finished flooring. Determine the appropriate
seam location and direction of the underlayment (depending
on the finished flooring selection).
Important
For tile installation, position UnderFlor with seams at least 4”
away from the joints in the finished floor tile. (Fig. 4).
Fig. 4 – Position seams at least 4” away
from tile joints.
6
Congoleum UnderFlor
Substrate Recommendations
UnderFlor can be installed over the following surfaces:
Subfloor
Construction/Comments
Materials
Wood
Structure
Fig. 5 – Install UnderFlor with seams
perpendicular to the long dimension of the
DuraCeramic Dimensions f looring.
For DuraCeramic Dimensions always install UnderFlor with seams
running perpendicular to the long dimension of the tile flooring
(Fig. 5). Install tiles with staggered end joints positioned at least
4” away from the seams in the Congoleum UnderFlor.
Unroll the first sheet and trim it to fit allowing a 1/4” space between
the edge of the sheet and the wall.
Unroll the second sheet and position it with the seam edge butted
lightly up to the first sheet. If necessary, to adjust the seam location
to ensure proper placement, overlap the sheets and double-cut a
new seam in the desired location. Use a straightedge and utility knife
to cut the seam.
Suitable Packaging Tapes Include:
• Scotch® 3850 Packing Tape
• Duck ™ Tape Standard Packaging Tape
• Shurtape® HP Series
Do not use masking tape, fiber reinforced tape, duct tape or other
thick tapes that might telegraph through the finished flooring.
Weather damaged
or rough surface
materials must be
sanded smooth.
Gaps wider than
1/8” should be
filled level.
Concrete
• On, above and below
grade level.
• Radiant-heated floors not
to exceed 85°F (29°C).
Moisture vapor
emissions not to
exceed 5 lbs or
80% RH. Fill depressions and cracks
wider than 1/8”.
Gypsum
Topping and
Light Weight
Concrete
• Minimum 100-pound
dry density
• Minimum 3,000 psi
compression rating is required.
Fill depressions
and cracks wider
than 1/8”.
Resilient
Floor
• Smooth, or textured sheet
flooring
• Vinyl composition tile
• Do not install over soft, heavy
cushioned floors, flooring
with a cushioned backing
or tile installed below
grade below.
Must be single
layer, fully adhered
and well bonded.
Ceramic
and Stone
• Ceramic, marble and granite.
Fill grout joints
and level floor.
Old Adhesive
and Residue
and Paint
• Adhesive Residue - Scrape to
remove heavy spots and cover
with a 4 mil sheet of poly film.
• Paint - Remove loose paint.
Follow recommended work
practices for
adhesive and
paint removal.
Install finished flooring immediately after installing Congoleum
UnderFlor.
Installing DuraCeramic, DuraCeramic Dimensions
and Ovations over Congoleum UnderFlor
Follow installation instructions for the finished flooring being installed.
Install finished flooring with Congoleum DS100 DuraSet Adhesive
using the recommended trowel notch size. Do not apply excess
adhesive. Allow adhesive to dry completely to a tack prior to flooring
installation. Slight growth (buckles) in the UnderFlor may occur
immediately after adhesive application. This is normal and will not
affect the finished flooring installation. Install finished flooring allowing
a 1/8” to 1/4” space around the entire perimeter. If necessary to adjust
or remove a tile, use a heat gun to warm it up first. Roll finished
flooring on completion of the installation.
All finish trim and transition moldings must be installed so they do
not bind or restrict the finished flooring from moving when expansion
and contraction occurs during seasonal changes. Fasten the trim to
the wall not to the subfloor.
Do not drive fasteners into the floor or underlayment.
Seal all areas that may be exposed to surface spills, i.e. tubs, toilet
and showers with a silicone caulking.
Subfloor must be
smooth solid and
free of movement
with at least 18” of
well ventilated air
space below.
Underlayment • APA underlayment grade
plywood.
• Oriented Strand Board (OSB)
• NPA rated Particleboard
Tape the sheets together with 2” wide clear packaging tape or other
thin single face plastic tape available through office supply stores and
most home centers. Apply the tape, centered directly over the top of
the seam edges. Roll the tape with a steel seam roller.
• Double layer construction over
joist or trusses on 16” centers.
• Single layer floors constructed
with APA Rated Sturd-I-Floor
T&G Panels, minimum 23/32”
over joists or trusses on
19.2” centers.
Notes
DURACERAMIC INSTALLATION
Tile Layout
• Layout is slightly different for grouted and ungrouted floors. The grout line
width must be added to the tile dimension for layout on grouted floors.
Additional chalk lines are also used to keep the joints straight. DuraCeramic
nominal tile size is 15 5/8” x 15 5/8”. DuraCeramic Dimensions nominal tile
size is 12” x 24”. Ovations nominal tile size is 14” x 14”.
• It is important to avoid positioning the tile joints directly over underlayment
joints or seams in UnderFlor or existing flooring. If this should occur, reposition chalk lines to offset joints by at least 3” or half of the tile dimension.
7
DuraCeramic
DuraCeramic (15 5/8”x 15 5/8”)
Dimensions
(12”x24”)
1 /2 Drop Layout
• Snap a second perpendicular chalkline 12” away from the first
perpendicular line (Fig. 8). Complete a dry layout in the first 2 rows
starting from the perpendicular chalklines. If the border tile
in either row is less than 6”, adjust the perpendicular lines 6” in
either direction.
Ovations
(14”x14”)
Square or Straight Yes
Yes
Yes
Diagonal
Yes
NoYes
½ Drop
Yes
Yes
Yes
1/3 Drop
No
Yes
No
Paver
No
Un-grouted only
No
Herringbone
No
Un-grouted only
No
Basic Square Layouts
• P lace a mark in the center of the floor at each end of the room.
(AB) Then snap a chalk line between the marks.
• F ind the center of the line and snap a second chalk line at a right
angle (CD); use the 3’, 4’, 5’ method to form a right angle (Fig. 6).
Figure 8 - 1/2 Drop Layout.
1/3 Drop Layout
• Snap two additional chalklines, one 8” and the other 16” away from
the center perpendicular line (Fig. 9). Complete a dry layout in the first
3 rows starting from the center perpendicular chalkline. If the border
tile in any of the 3 rows is less than 4”, adjust all three perpendicular
lines 4” in either direction.
C
A
B
8” 8”
D
Fig. 6 - Square layout.
• M
ake a dry layout in one quadrant along the center and perpendicular
chalk lines. Remember to allow the desired grout line space between
the tiles. A story pole (board marked with tile dimensions, including
grout line width) can also be used in place of a dry layout.
Center Line
Figure 9 - 1/3 Drop Layout.
• M
easure the distance between the last whole tile and the wall. If the
distance is less than half a tile, snap a new chalk line one-half the
dimension of a full tile away from the original chalk line (Fig. 7). This will
provide a balanced layout with larger cut tile at the border.
Note: Chalk lines can be easily removed or difficult to see after applying
adhesive over some subfloor surfaces like old flooring and concrete. To
avoid loosing the lines, mark the subfloor with a pencil and a straightedge,
directly over the chalk lines.
Adhesive Application
Congoleum DS100 DuraSet Adhesive is a pressure-sensitive adhesive
that must be allowed to dry completely to a tack before setting tiles.
• A pply the adhesive with the trowel blade adaptor included with
the adhesive. The recommended trowel notch size is 1/16” wide,
1/32” deep, 1/32” apart.
• Spread the adhesive over one-half of the subfloor and a few inches
beyond the center chalk line.
• A llow the adhesive to dry completely to a tack before installing the tile.
Normal dry to tack time is about 45 to 60 minutes; longer in cool or
humid conditions. The adhesive will turn from light blue to clear when
tacky dry and will not transfer to the finger when firmly touched. Do
not use fans to accelerate adhesive drying time. Fan drying can cause
the top surface of the adhesive to dry prematurely, trapping residual
moisture in and preventing the adhesive from fully curing.
Fig. 7 - Adjust layout at center lines
for larger border tiles.
• W
hen installing DuraCeramic Dimensions in a 1/2 drop layout or a 1/3
drop layout it will be necessary to snap additional chalklines for starting
locations. First complete a basic square layout with center and perpendicular lines. Normally the tiles are laid with the long dimension parallel
with the long dimension of the room.
• Tile must be installed within 12 hours after adhesive turns clear.
8
Setting Floor Tiles
• Position two spacers along the edge of adjacent tiles, then lay the next
tile gently against the spacers without forcing it into place (Fig. 13).
Continue to set the tiles in straight rows to complete each section
(Fig. 14). Follow the chalk lines to keep the joints straight and make
minor adjustments if necessary. Remove the spacers immediately
after setting each tile.
• C
arefully position the first tile into the adhesive at the intersection of
the chalk lines (Fig. 10). The tile will bond instantly on contact so it must
be positioned accurately without sliding it. Press the tile firmly into the
adhesive. Follow the procedures below for grouted and ungrouted floors.
Fig. 10 - Positioning tiles.
Grouted Floors
• T he desired grout line width should be determined prior to starting the
flooring installation. It is important to understand that the finished grout
line will be 1/16” to 3/32” wider than the space between the tiles, since
the grout will extend onto part of the radius along the top edge of the
tile (Fig. 11).
Fig. 13 - Position spacers before setting the tile.
GROUT
Fig. 11 - The finished grout line width is wider
than the space between the tiles.
Spacer Size
Actual Grout
Line Width
1/8”
3/16”
3/16” to 7/32” 1/4” to 9/32”
1/4”
Fig. 14 - Set tile in straight rows.
Ungrouted Floors
5/16 to 11/32”
• W
hen installing an ungrouted floor, continue setting the tiles in a
stair-step pattern along the center and perpendicular lines (Fig. 15).
Hold the tile in a low angle to the floor and position it tightly against the
previously laid tile. Press it firmly into the adhesive. Continue working
toward the walls to complete the first quadrant before starting the next.
Check to make sure corners are lined up and adjust if necessary to
prevent run-out.
• U se spacers to maintain the joint width. Small pieces of DuraCeramic
or 1/8” tile, cut into 1” squares, work very well as spacers, depending
on the desired grout line width.
• If standard tile spacers are used, it will be necessary to remove one leg
of the spacer (Fig. 12) otherwise it will interfere with positioning the tile.
Stand spacers on end. Do not place tile spacers flat at the intersection
of tiles; they can become bonded, making it difficult to remove them
without damaging the edge of the tile.
Fig. 15 - Install ungrouted f loors following
a stair-step pattern.
Fig. 12 - Use spacers with one leg removed.
9
Grouted and Ungrouted Floors
• Make a dry layout in one quadrant along the center and perpendicular
chalk lines.
• Measure the distance between the last whole tile and the wall. If the
distance in either row is less than one-forth of the diagonal dimension
of the tile, adjust the starting point and snap a new chalk line 1/4 of
the diagonal dimension of the tile away from the original chalk line
(Fig. 18). This will provide a balanced layout with larger cut tile around
the perimeter.
• S pread the adhesive on the second half of the floor so it can dry while
you are cutting and fitting the last row of tiles along the wall. Complete
the second half of the room following the same procedures.
• Roll the floor slowly, in both directions, with a 100-pound, three-section
roller within one hour after setting the tiles (Fig. 16). Re-roll the entire
floor immediately before grouting or applying joint sealer.
Fig. 16 - Roll the floor within one hour after setting tiles.
Fig. 18 - Adjusting chalk lines
for a diagonal Layout.
Cutting Tile to Fit
Herringbone Layout for Un-grouted DuraCeramic
Dimensions Only
The last row of tiles will need to be cut to fit to walls and other vertical surfaces. (Remember to subtract the grout line dimension for grouted floors).
Allow a 1/8” space for expansion between the edge of the tile and the wall.
• The Herringbone layout requires only a basic square layout with a center
and perpendicular chalkline. Complete a dry layout starting at the
intersection of the chalklines to determine the size of the cut border tile.
If the border tile is less than 6” adjust the chalkline 6” in either direction.
Tip: Spread adhesive in 3 quadrants (starting quadrant and adjacent
quadrants) when installing a herringbone layout (Fig. 19).
Straight Cuts
• M
easure the distance between the last whole tile and the wall. Subtract
the dimensions for the grout and expansion space. Use this dimension
to mark the tile.
• Place a square or straightedge over the marks and score the surface
with a sharp utility knife. Break the tile over the score mark by flexing
it downward.
• Install the tile with the cut edge against the wall.
Irregular Shapes
• Scribe the tile to fit.
• Warm the tile with a hot air heat gun. Score the surface with a sharp
utility knife and break the tile over the score mark by flexing it
downward or cut the tile with a coping saw.
CUSTOM FLOOR INSTALLATIONS
Diagonal Layouts (For DuraCeramic and Ovations ONLY,
not for use with DuraCeramic Dimensions)
Fig. 19 - Adjust the chalkline 6” in either direction
if necessary to achieve a larger border tile. After
completing dry layout spread adhesive in 3 quadrants.
• L ay out the center and perpendicular lines as previously described for a
square layout. Place a mark on each line an equal distance away from
the center point (distance from center is arbitrary).
• Use a slightly larger arbitrary size and swing an arc on both sides of
each line from points E, F, G, H (Fig. 17). Snap diagonal chalk lines at
the point where the marks intersect. If done correctly, the chalk lines
will intersect at the center point.
Fig. 17 - Diagonal Layout.
Installing Borders and Insets
• Borders can be created easily by using an accent color or different size
tile on a square layout. Plan the layout to allow for a uniform border size
using full size tile in the field if possible. When using a square border
with a diagonal layout, it is necessary to prepare the cut edge of the
diagonal tile where it meets the border.
10
Finishing Cut Edges for Borders and Insets
• Use the tip of a hard rubber float and fully pack the grout into the
joints (Fig. 21). Hold the float in a low angle and press firmly with short
strokes at a right angle to the joint.
• When installing tile with a diagonal layout and a square border, it will
be necessary to prepare the cut edge of the diagonally cut tile. First cut
the tile to the desired size. Then heat the cut edge and back of the tile
with a heat gun to soften it. Place the tile on a flat surface and roll the
edge with a steel hand roller to turn the edge downward, forming a slight
radius (Fig. 20). Allow the tile to cool before installing it.
Fig. 21 - Pack the grout into the joints.
• Extend the grout a few inches in to the next row of tile so water does
not run into the unfinished joints during cleanup (Fig. 22).
Fig. 20 - Roll the cut edge to form a slight radius.
Grout and joint sealer application
Grouting Floors
• D
uraCeramic, DuraCeramic Dimensions and Ovations can be grouted
immediately or within 24 hours after setting the tiles.
• Tiles must be grouted using DuraCeramic Premix Grout. This exclusive
premixed acrylic grout is designed for high flexural strength and
adhesion to the edge of the tile. This feature provides durability to
resist cracking from thermal dimensional changes and normal subfloor
deflection. Traditional cement grouts are not recommended and will
not perform properly.
Fig. 22 - Extend grout a few inches into the next row.
• Remove excess grout from the surface of the tile by holding the float at
a 45° angle to the floor surface and moving diagonally across the joints.
Grout Application
Initial Cleanup
Tools and Equipment
• Hard, green, rubber epoxy float
• Firm, square-edge sponge
• 3M® white nylon scrubbing pad
• Spray bottle of water
• Water buckets
• Rubber gloves
• S afety glasses
Soft grout floats and soft sponges are not recommended because
they tend to pull the grout out of the joint, leaving it shallow.
Initial cleanup should be done immediately after finishing each section.
The faster the grout is removed from the tile, the easier it is to clean up.
The DuraCeramic installation accessory kit contains the recommended
pads and sponge to make clean-up easier.
• Apply a light mist of water with the spray bottle over the grouted tiles
and allow it to remain on the surface for at least 30 seconds.
• Use a slightly wet 3M white nylon pad to loosen the grout residue.
Apply light pressure while moving the pad in a circular motion (Fig. 23).
Surface Preparation
• R e-roll the floor just before grouting and check to make sure all edges
are tightly seated in the setting adhesive. The joints must be clean and
dry. Remove any adhesive smears from the surface and edges of the
tile with mineral spirits before grouting.
Application
• Always wear rubber gloves when working with grout.
• Start grouting floors at the far end of the room and work toward
the entrance.
• Apply grout in small sections, up to 20 sq. ft. and cleanup immediately
or before grout films over (approximately 5 minutes).
Fig. 23 - Use a 3M white, nylon pad to
loosen grout residue.
11
• U se a firm square edge sponge to remove the excess water solution. Use
light pressure and wipe diagonally across the joints (Fig. 24). Do not allow
the water to flow into the ungrouted joints or accumulate in finished areas.
IMMEDIATELY AFTER INSTALLATION
• Install or replace base moldings and return furniture to the room
by rolling or sliding them over strips of hardboard.
• Use acrylic caulking at bathtubs, showers and other wet areas to
prevent water from seeping under the floor.
• Wait 48 hours before damp mopping the floor and at least 5 days
before wet mopping or washing. Adhesive smears can be removed
with mineral spirits.
REPAIR
DuraCeramic, DuraCeramic Dimensions and Ovations can be repaired
easily if it is necessary to replace a tile.
Grouted Floors
• Use a heat gun to warm the grout along one edge of the tile. The
grout will soften when heated.
• Place a straight edge over the center of the grout line and cut the
grout with a sharp utility knife (Fig. 25).
Fig. 24 - Wipe diagonally across the joint
to remove excess water.
• T hen rinse the sponge in clean water and wipe diagonally again to shape
joints evenly and remove any remaining grout residue. Change rinse
water frequently. Clean tools with water while grout is wet. If allowed
to dry, remove with an ammonia-based window cleaner.
Final Cleanup
• Allow grout to dry for 24 hours.
• Remove any remaining grout haze with an ammonia-based window
cleaner or a dilute solution of 1/4 cup household ammonia to one gallon
of warm water. Apply a small amount of the solution over a small section
and allow it to remain for about 30 seconds. Use a clean sponge mop or
a 3M nylon white pad to loosen the grout haze. Rinse with fresh water
and buff with a soft, dry terry cloth towel. Do not use grout haze
removers or solvents.
Fig. 25 - Cut along the center of the
grout line after heating it.
Keep all traffic off newly tiled floors for 24 hours.
Resume normal traffic after 48 hours. ­
• Remove as much of the grout as possible using care to avoid cutting
into the edge of the adjacent tile. Repeat this process on all four
sides of the damaged tile.
• Next, heat the tile a few inches in from the corner. While the tile is
warm, drive a putty knife or screwdriver into the heated area with a
hammer (Fig. 26).
Joint Sealer Application
DuraCeramic DS200 Joint Sealer is designed to keep surface water
and dirt from penetrating ungrouted floor joints. Apply joint sealer to
the tile joints only.
Surface Preparation
• R oll the floor with a 100 lb., three-section roller just before sealing the
floor and check to make sure all edges are tightly seated in the setting
adhesive. The joints must be clean and dry. Remove any adhesive smears
from the surface and edges of the tile with mineral spirits before sealing.
Vacuum the floor to remove dust and loose particles.
Application
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
S hake the applicator bottle and allow air bubbles to dissipate before using.
Remove the plastic cap and screw the applicator tip onto the bottle.
Cut 1/16” off of the applicator tip to provide a small opening.
Start in the far corner of the room and apply a uniform 1/16” bead of
sealer in the tile joint. Apply the sealer to the first 2 or 3 rows, then come
back immediately and seal the perpendicular (cross) joints in this area
before the sealer develops a surface film (about 4 minutes). Repeat this
process to seal the entire floor.
The color of the sealer will change from white to clear when it dries.
If the nozzle becomes clogged, use a straight pin to free the flow.
Protect newly applied joint sealer from foot traffic and dust until it dries,
(approximately 8 hours). Keep traffic to a minimum and do not wash
the floor for the first 48 hours.
Use water cleanup for wet sealer and mineral spirits for dry sealer.
Caution: Mineral spirits is flammable. Read and follow label instructions.
12
Fig. 26 - Drive a putty knife into the
heated area and pry upward.
• T hen, pry upward to release the tile from the adhesive. Continue lifting the tile as you heat it until it is completely removed.
• To install the new tile, re-apply DS100 DuraSet Adhesive over the
exposed subfloor using the flat side of a trowel; it is not necessary
to remove the old adhesive.
• Allow the adhesive to dry completely to a tack and then reinstall the
new tile using spacers to maintain the grout line width.
• Roll the tile with a 100-pound, three-section roller.
• Re-grout the tile with DuraCeramic Grout following label instructions.
Allow grout to dry for 24 hours and remove any remaining grout haze.
Ungrouted Tile Floors
• T ip: Here’s a tip to make it easier to slide the tape under the edges.
Cut the piece of tile that was removed to make it about 1 inch
shorter. Cut the thin packaging tape to that dimension. Carefully
fasten the tape along the edge of the product overlapping it about
1/4 inch. Turn the piece over so that the tape is now sticky side up
and slide it under the cut out edge. Firmly press down on the edge
and pull the replacement piece away to release the tape.
• U se a utility knife and carefully cut through the joint sealer using care
to avoid cutting into the adjacent tiles.
• Follow the same procedure for Grouted Floors to remove the tile and
re-adhere the replacement tile.
• Re-apply DuraCeramic DS200 Joint Sealer along all four sides of the
tile to seal the joints.
• Carefully lay in the new cut piece of UnderFlor pressing it firmly
onto the tape.
• Apply DS100 adhesive to the Congoleum UnderFlor and allow
it to tack up.
• Lay in the replacement flooring and roll it to set it in place.
• Roll the replacement piece with a roller to set it.
• Re-grout the tile or reapply DS200 joint sealer to finish the repair.
Congoleum UnderFlor Repair Techniques
Repair techniques are very easy on Congoleum UnderFlor installations. Use
these procedures for repairs for DuraCeramic, DuraCeramic Dimensions
or Ovations installed over Congoleum UnderFlor.
Ungrouted Repair
• C
arefully score the tile to be removed across the corner edge
about 1 inch from the corner.
• Apply heat to the area.
• Using a putty knife and hammer, position the putty knife over the
scored edge and tap it until the corner is released.
• Apply heat as you go and carefully begin to pry up the piece from the
Congoleum UnderFlor using a putty knife. If you keep the tile heated,
it should release without damaging the UnderFlor.
• When the piece has been removed, check the adhesive tack. If it is
still tacky to the touch, simply position the new piece in place.
• If the adhesive is not tacky, reapply adhesive with the flat side of the
trowel and let it tack up. Then set the replacement piece into place.
• Roll the replacement piece with a roller.
PREVENTIVE CARE
• Make sure furniture legs have large surface, nonstaining floor protectors. Replace small, narrow metal or dome-shaped glides with smooth,
flat glides that are in flat contact with the floor. Glides should be
equipped with self-adhesive felt pads to avoid scratching the surface
of the floor. The pads should be checked periodically for grit and wear
and replaced when necessary.
• Heavy furniture or appliances that are not moved often should be
equipped with flat, nonstaining composition furniture casters or cups
of appropriate size – available square from 1 1/2” to 2 5/8” and round
from 1 3/8” to 1 5/8”.
• Mobile appliances and furniture should be equipped with easily swiveling casters. They should be at least 2” in diameter with nonstaining
hard rubber treads at least 3/4” wide. Do not use ball-shaped casters.
• Place mats at outside entrances to prevent dirt, grit and soil from
being tracked onto your floor.
Caution: DuraCeramic, DuraCeramic Dimensions and Ovations, like
other types of hard-surfaced floors, can become slippery when wet.
Allow time for the floor to dry after washing. Immediately wipe up
wet areas from spills or wet feet. Place mats at outside entrances
to prevent water, snow or ice from being tracked onto your floor.
Improper polishes or finishes can also cause slipperiness.
Grouted Repair
• Use a heat gun to warm the grout.
• Using a sharp utility knife, carefully score the joint, cutting through the
grout. Make sure that you do not apply a lot of pressure because you
do not want to cut into the Congoleum UnderFlor. Carefully score the
tile to be removed across the corner edge about 1 inch from the corner.
• Apply heat to the area.
• Using a putty knife and hammer, position the putty knife over the
scored edge and tap it until the corner is released.
• Apply heat as you go and carefully begin to pry up the piece from the
Congoleum UnderFlor using a putty knife. If you keep the tile heated,
it should release without damaging the UnderFlor.
• When the piece has been removed, check the adhesive tack. If it is
still tacky to the touch, simply position the new piece in place.
• If the adhesive is not tacky, reapply adhesive with the flat side of the
trowel and let it tack up. Then set the replacement piece into place.
• Roll the replacement piece with a roller.
• Re-grout the tile with DuraCeramic grout following label instructions.
Allow grout to dry for 24 hours and remove any remaining grout haze.
REGULAR CARE
• Sweep or vacuum regularly to remove grit and sand that can abrade,
dull or scratch your new floor. Do not use a vacuum with a beater
brush, because it may damage the floor’s surface.
• Wipe up spills promptly with a damp cloth or mop.
• Wash the floor with Congoleum Bright ’N Easy No-Rinse Cleaner or
other suitable floor cleaner.
CAUTION: Avoid one-step “mop and polish” products, dishwashing
liquids and oil-based cleaners. These may leave a residue which can
attract dirt and dull the floor’s finish. Avoid cleaners that contain
abrasives or solvents which may permanently damage the floor.
Replacing the Congoleum UnderFlor
• Do not use silicone sealers or penetrating sealers on the tile surface. A
copolymer or acrylic grout sealer compatible with acrylic grouts may be
used on the grout. Do not use a penetrating silicone sealer on the grout.
• Do not buff the floor. Do not apply polish to DuraCeramic or
DuraCeramic Dimensions, Floor Polish use is optional for Ovations.
If the Congoleum UnderFlor is cut or damaged during the repair
procedure and needs to be replaced, follow these procedures.
• Using the piece that was removed as a template, cut a fill piece of
Congoleum UnderFlor.
• Slide pieces of thin, clear, sticky, one-sided packaging tape centered
under the cut out edges.
13
WARRANTY
Residential DuraCeramic and DurCeramic Dimensions
Limited Warranty
Congoleum provides a lifelong warranty that your floor:
• will be free of manufacturing defects
• will not wear out
• will not fade
• will not stain
DuraCeramic and DuraCeramic Dimensions featuring
ScotchgardTM Protector provides additional warranty
provisions for 15 years:
• will be easy to clean
• will repel dirt and grime
The Residential DuraCeramic and DuraCeramic Dimensions
Limited Warranty covers material for the period of the warranty,
and reasonable labor costs for five years if professional installation
was paid for when the original floor was installed.
When installed in a light commercial application, DuraCeramic and
DuraCeramic Dimensions carry the Congoleum Five-Year Commercial
Limited Warranty.
Five-Year Commercial DuraCeramic and
DuraCeramic Dimensions Limited Warranty
The Five-Year Commercial Limited Warranty means that the floor:
• will be free of manufacturing defects
• will not discolor from mold, mildew or alkali
The Five-Year Commercial Limited Warranty covers material for the
warranty period, and reasonable labor costs during year 1 if professional
installation was paid for when the original floor was installed. For years
2 through 3, covers material and 50% of reasonable labor costs if professional installation was paid for when the original floor was installed. After
the third year, covers material only; labor will not be paid.
The Residential and Commercial warranties apply to DuraCeramic and
DuraCeramic Dimensions only and exclude grout and installation services.
The Residential warranty applies to Ovations only and excludes grout and
installation services.
For additional information and complete warranty information contact
Congoleum Corporation, Dept. C, 3500 Quakerbridge Road, P.O. Box 3127,
Mercerville, NJ 08619. Our telephone number is 1-609-584-3000 and
our web address is www.congoleum.com
Ovations Residential Limited Warranty
Ovations installed in a residential setting, is covered by a 20-year
limited warranty. This means that your floor:
•
•
•
•
will be free of manufacturing defects
will not wear out
will not fade
will not stain
The 20-year Residential Limited Warranty covers material for the period
of the warranty and reasonable labor costs for five years if professional
installation was paid for when the original floor was installed.
3500 Quakerbridge Road, PO Box 3127
Mercerville, NJ 08619-0127 • www.congoleum.com
© 2014 Congoleum Corporation
Printed in USA
M34960114S
TRADEMARK LISTINGS: BRIGHT ’N EASY, CONGOLEUM, CONGOLEUM UNDERFLOR, DS100 DURASET, DURACERAMIC and DuraCeramic Dimensions are registered trademarks of
Congoleum Corporation. DS200 and OVATIONS are trademarks of Congoleum Corporation.
3M, Scotchgard and the plaid design are trademarks of 3M. FEATHER FINISH is a registered trademark of Ardex, Inc. PLANI-PATCH is a registered trademark of Mapei. SHURTAPE HP SERIES is a registered trademark of Shurtape Technologies. DUCK™ is a trademark of Henkel Consumer Adhesive Inc.
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