Swimming Pool - ECOsmarte USA
ECOsmarte Planet Friendly, Inc.
THE
COMPREHENSIVE
GUIDE
To Swimming Pool
Ownership
By Larry Couture, Jeff Grotte, and
Michael Dewar
Copyright © 2014 | All Rights Reserved | ECOsmarte® Planet Friendly, Inc. | www.ecosmarte.com | 612-866-1200
CONTENTS
3
4
5
5
6
7
8
9
10
12
13
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
33
35
37
40
53
56
2
Introduction
Pool volume
Figuring out what you own
Equipment sheet
Chemicals on hand
Pool talk (size and turnover)
Testing your water
Understanding computerized water analysis
Phosphates
Why does my pool leak?
Types of pools
Plaster
Vinyl
Fiberglass
Saltwater pools
Above ground pools
Maintenance items
Filters
Filter Media
Pumps: sizing
Rotary pump discussion
Water saving
Vacuums
Pool lighting
Installing new media
Backwashing your sand filter
DE backwashing
Alternative sanitizers
Alternative sanitizing devices
Autocovers
Winter closing
Safety options
Seven secrets salt water pool sellers don’t want you to know
Manufacturers
Apps
Web URLs and Toll-Free Support Lines
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Introduction.
Some of the best and most enduring childhood memories will typically revolve around
the family swimming pool. In many areas,
a swimming pool is needed just to cool off.
Lately, swimming pools have become an
integral part of fitness and therapy. This book
is an attempt to save you numerous hours of
time and frustration in the operation of your
pool and is the collaborative effort of over 10
pool professionals with a combined 200 years
of experience and 20,000 swimming pools
built and supported. This pool experience has
come from the vinyl markets in Minnesota, the
gunnite markets of the Arizona desert, and the
moderate climate, service oriented geography
of California, the south of France, and the
Middle East.
This book reflects, in every case, the swimming
pool owner’s perspective. As with all works
of this nature, the information includes some
philosophy, but this book’s main purpose is
to encourage swimming pool ownership and
provide the first-ever comprehensive guide to
owning a swimming pool.
Whether you are a do-it-yourself or a handsfree pool service client, we are sure that the
information in this book will make your swimming pool ownership a very pleasant experience and you will use LESS chemicals.
Questions?
Call us toll-free
1-800-IONSWIM (U.S.)
(612)866-1200 (INT)
Copyright © 2014 | All Rights Reserved | ECOsmarte® Planet Friendly, Inc. | www.ecosmarte.com | 612-866-1200
3
POOL VOLUME
To estimate the amount of water in your pool, insert the requeted measurements in the
correct equation. *You will use this number to calculate your cycle time.
Rectangular Pool:
LENGTH
WIDTH
X
X
AVG DEPTH
X 7.5 =
GALLONS
Circular Pool:
DIAMETER
DIAMETER
X
X
AVG DEPTH
X 5.9 =
GALLONS
Oval Pool:
MAX WIDTH
4
MAX WIDTH
X
X
AVG DEPTH
X 5.9 =
GALLONS
CYCLE TIME CALCULATION
GALLONS
=
PUMP GPM
EXAMPLE
X 60
THIS IS
YOUR CYCLE
TIME
- To calculate your cycle time,
enter the appropriate
measurements into the
equation.
- Gallons per minute (GPM)
can be found on the side
of the filter pump or written
within the pump instruction
manual. It is usually 55 or
70 GPM.
If my pool is 40’ by 20’ with an average depth of 5’ and a GPM of 70,
then...
40 x 20 x 5 x 7.5 = 30,000 gallons (use this number)
30,000 / (70 x 60) = 7.14 hour cycle (about 7 hours, 8 minutes)
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Figuring out what you own:
Swimming pool overview
Equipment Sheet (Fill in)
Name
Phone
Address (Street)
(City)
Surface Type (circle):
Plaster
Vinyl
Finish Type
Dinemsions:
If free form:
Gallons est.:
Max depth:
Sand
Filter Type (circle):
Filter Size (circle): 200 300 500 900
Pump Type (circle):
3/4 HP
# Skimmers (circle):
# Jets (circle):
1
1
2
3
3
4
1 1/2 HP
4
2.0 HP
(Zip)
Fiberglass
Perameter (in ft. or m)
D/E
24 36 48 60 72
1.0 HP
2
(State)
Cartridge(s)
75 150 200 Other:
Other:
Other:
Other:
Vacuum Type (circle): Skimmer
Robot
Pressure Side Sweep
Hand Vacuum Only
Vacuum Brand:
Covers (circle all that apply): Solar Winter Safety Automatic With Reel With Waterbags
Open Mash Below Track Solid Mesh Above Track
Heater/Heat Pump (circle):
Natural gas
Heater size in BTU (circle):
120
Main drains (circle):
No
Lighting (circle):
Yes
In-pool
Automated Controls (circle):
180
Propane
265
Electric Brand:
325
Antisucktion
400
Other:
2 Main drains
Perimeter
LED
Fiberoptic
Jandy
Compool
Pentair
Alternative Sanitizers (circle): Saltwater Generator
Intermatic
Ozone/Oxygen
Ionization
Ionization/Oxygen
Brand:
Attached Water Feature (circle all that apply):
Builder (if known):
Other notes:
Spa
Waterfall
Diving board
Slide
Phone:
Complete this form and give to Pool Store before seeking advice or quote on filtration systems or chemicals
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5
Inventory your pool:
Chemicals on hand
Test Kits
please circle if applicable
pH
Alkalinity
Sanitizer
Calcium Hardness
Cyanuric Acid
Meters (if any)
Phosphates
Phenol Red
pH UP
Sodium
Bicarbonate
Soda Ash
Bromethyl Blue
Cl Br Cu NONE
YES YES YES NONE
YES NO NO NONE
NONE
NONE
Chemicals
pH DOWN
Sodium Bisulfate
Muriatic Acid
Carbon Dioxide
Algaecide
Brand
Chlorine
Bromine
Bacquacil
Other
Sanitizer
Shock
Scale Control
Metal Remover
Clarifer
Hardness Increaser
Balance Pack
Chlorine
Non-Chlorine
Brand
Circle
Brand
Brand
Brand
(Calcium Chloride)
Complete this form and give to Pool Store before seeking advice or quote on filtration systems or chemicals
6
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POOL
TALK
Getting Ready.
Turnover Cycles
Use the conversion charts
on page 4 to determine the time
necessary for your pump and filter to completely cycle the water
in your pool 1 1/2 to 2 complete
cycles per day. The sanitizer requires at least 1 1/2 to 2 complete
cycles per day in order to maintain crystal-clear water. Running
the pump during daylight hours
is necessary to achieve good results.
What causes algae problems?
There are over 21,000
known varieties of algae! Algae
spores constantly enter the pool,
brought in by wind, rain, or even
contaminated swimsuits or equipment. When conditions are right,
an algae bloom can occur seemingly overnight. These conditions
include imbalanced water, warm
temperatures, sunlight, and the
presence of nitrates. Of course,
lack of proper filtration, cirulation,
and sanitation may be the primary causes of algae. A suction vac-
uum is highly recommended by
most manufacturers, as is backwashing only after a pressure rise
of 6 lbs and before a rise of 10
lbs.
Algae are living aquatic
creatures that multiply rapidly in
warm, sunny conditions. Containing chlorophyll, algae utilizes photosynthesis to grow. That is, they
take in carbon dioxide and expend
oxygen as a byproduct.
The two main problems
with algae are: people do not
want to go swimming (1), and it
takes time and money to rid the
water completely of algae (2). Algae itself is not harmful to swimmers, but pools with algae may
also be residence to other pathogens. Proper water balance and
filter maintenance are necessary
to prevent algae growth. Also,
regular brushing prevents dirt
from harboring in the pores of
your pool surface, where algae
colonies like to start. The use of
specialty chemicals or algaecides
may be necessary as a back up
to the sanitizer and existing filtration. Filtration upgrades will solve
99% of these problems.
Confirming your cycle
Once you have calculated
your turnover time, you can confirm the number of operating daylight hours needed to properly
filter your pool. Whenever your
swimming pool does not look
right, your pump and filter must
operate 24/7 until your pool looks
crystal clear, assuming, of course,
that your pump and filter are properly sized.
Visiting your pool store
We have enclosed (on
pg. 5 and 6) two comprehensive
forms to hold all the information
you need when visiting a pool
store. A completed form will allow
a swimming pool professional to
give you the proper advice.
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7
Testing your water:
Weekly testing is required
Regardless of what sanitation method you choose, you must test the water every week and, in desert
climates, at least twice per week between May and September if you wish to operate a crystal clear
pool. The number of swimming pools that operate crystal clear 52 weeks in southern climates or 26
weeks in northern climates may be zero, but certainly 95 percent of them experience six to eight consecutive week runs of crystal clear water on a regular basis.
Unfortunately during these six to eight week periods both homeowners and pool services become complacent, particularly in the area of water testing. You must own and perform the following weekly tests
if you seek the 52 week elusive goal of crystal clear pool water, categorized by sanitizer and frequency
of the test per their manufacturers.
To achieve 52 weeks crystal clear:
Chlorine/Bromine
Ionization
Ozone/UV
FREE CL/BR
Daily/Weekly
Weekly
N/A
Weekly
TOTAL CL/BR
Daily/Weekly
Weekly
N/A
Weekly
pH
Weekly
Weekly
Weekly
Weekly
CH
Quarterly
Quarterly
Annually
Quarterly
aK
Weekly
Monthly
N/A
Weekly
Cyanuric acid
Monthly
Monthly
N/A
Monthly
Total salinity
N/A
Monthly
N/A
N/A
Phosphates
Semi-annually
Annually
Annually
Annually
Copper
Annually
(to remove)
N/A
Weekly
Annually
If you employ a pool service it is reasonable to request your weekly water test results,
particularly if extra charges apply for chemical
or extra maintenance issues. It is not resonable to expect 365 days of crystal clear water,
regardless of the price paid for weekly pool
services or the sanitation method used.
If you seek the elusive 365 days be prepared to learn your pool, help your service, pay
8
SALTChlorine
for or perform preventative maintenance and
communicate with your suppliers regularly, not
just when issues arise. The swimming pool
industry has invested in water testing services,
which are excellent for problem solving, but
require weekly visits to the pool computer for
best results. Use the inventory sheets on p. 5
and 6 of this book to receive the best advice
and materials.
Copyright © 2014 | All Rights Reserved | ECOsmarte® Planet Friendly, Inc. | www.ecosmarte.com | 612-866-1200
Understanding your computerized water analysis
There are several factors involved in running a balanced swimming pool
pH
Potential hydrogen is important for sanitation to work properly. For chlorine or bromine pools, the
pH needs to be maintained between 7.4 and 7.8. For bacquacil, the pH needs to be between 7.2
and 7.6. For alternative sanitizers like ionization, 6.8 to 7.2 is appropriate. In all three of these
cases, you are actually running at neutral, as chlorine raises the neutrality to 7.4.
Calcium is also very important to running a swimming pool. For this reason, pools should not be
Calcium filled with soft water. All pools should maintain a minimum of 200 ppm, with 400 ppm being ideal
Hardness for ionization.
Chlorine/ Chlorine/bromine needs to be measured for a chlorine/bromine based pool. The ideal level of
Bromine sanitation is 1.5 ppm (one important note- chlorine loses its effectiveness if the temperature if it
goes over 90 degrees).
Copper
Copper needs to be measured for ionized pools. The ideal level of sanitation is between 0.4 and
0.7 ppm if there is zero chlorine. Copper can be maintained at 0.4 ppm if free chlorine is 0.5 ppm.
If copper or free chlorine numbers are any higher there is a risk of staining the pool.
Biguanide The ideal level of biguanide for a bicquacil pool is 30 to 50 ppm. Hydrogen peroxide shock and
algaecide also need to be added weekly.
Alkalinity Alkalinity is a factor for chlorine, bromine, and bacquacil pools. Proper alkalinity levels can help to
stabilize the pH of the pool. Typically, this should measure between 80 to 120 ppm.
Phosphates can cause significant problems when trying to run a pool properly. They ideally should
Phosphates measure 0 ppm. If they measure less than 1000 ppm then a product like Zero-Phos is effective at
removing them. If over 1000ppm, aluminum sulfate should be used to remove them. (See page 10).
TDS
Total dissolved solids are anything solid that can dissolve in water. If this level reaches a level of
over 2000 ppm then the pool needs to be drained and refilled.
CYA
Cyanuric acid (cyanide) is a stabilizer used to extend the life of chlorine. 35 is the ideal level. Cyanide is not compatible with ozone or oxygen based sanitation. This level should be monitored to
avoid significant negative health effects at a level of 100 ppm.
Salt
Sodium is often measured as a function of your TDS. Solid levels over 3000 ppm can pit concrete,
ruin landscaping, and give backteria a place to hide.
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9
Phosphates
Will fertilize your pool
The proper procedure for using
aluminum sulfate on phosphate
removal when levels are over
1000 is as follows:
The pH must be at 7.4 or
higher. Add 5 lbs of aluminum
sulfate per 10,000 gallons of water. Recirculate the water for 2 to
3 hours. Allow the pool to settle
(approximately 18 to 36 hours).
When the water is clear, vacuum
to waste, and rebalance your
pool. This procedure will knock
the phosphates down to about
200 ppm, so Phos Free will still
need to be added when rebalancing.
Phosphates typically come
from fertilizers in a variety of ways.
They can be tracked into the pool
by walking across a chemically
treated lawn. They can blow into
the pool from an airplain that is
spraying a farmer’s field. With
the recent softened restrictions
on water quality, phosphates can
even be found in your water supply that is refilling your pool. In
recent years, the new “clear air
act” has changed air quality requirements for burning coal and
refining petroleum.
Phosphates will create all
kinds of issues for the pool that
may seem unexplainable. Signs of
phosphates in your pool include
murkiness that won’t go away,
fluorescent green water, and algae blooms that come and go.
Phosphates act as a food
source for algae and will counteract all known sanitation methods.
They also tend to load in certain
types of medias, like Zeolites, and
can be very troublesome to remove. If you can locate the source
of them, you have a chance of being able to eliminate them.
If phosphates are found in
your water supply, a carbon filter
on the end of the hose will keep
them out of the pool. When lawns
are being sprayed, avoid waking on the grass, and cover your
pool.
Whether your pool uses
conventional chlorine or an alternative sanitizer, you must confirm
phosphates at zero. There are
two methods of removing phosphates from the water based on
the level found. Phosphates are
measured in parts per billion. At
1000 or less, a product like Phos
Free will work on them. If they
are over 1000, then aluminum
sulfate will be required to knock
them down to a level where Phos
Free will work.
Phosphates over 2,000 ppm - Step 1
Procedure for aluminum sulfate removal:
pH must be 7.4 or higher
Add 5 lbs aluminum sulfate per 10,000 gallons of water
Let pool run in recirculate mode for 2 to 3 hours
Shut the pool off and allow it to settle until water is clear (18 to 36 hours)
Vacuum pool to waste
Add liquid phosphate remover to get them to zero
10
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Phosphates
The new pool industry buzzword.
Author: Natural Chemistry® Newsletter - Vol. 11, March 2007, p. 2
Phone: 1-800-753-1233
URL: http://www.naturalchemistry.com/
Two of the most frequently asked questions on Natural Chemistry’s pool tech line are, “What is
phosphate?” and “How do phosphates get into my pool or spa?”
What is a phosphate?
Phosphates have been around long before any pools or spas were built. However, it has recently
been proven that phosphates have a detrimental impact on pool and spa water, making phosphates the “buzzword” in the industry.
How are phosphates introduced into pools and spas?
Some of the more common sources of phosphate contamination are:
Source water - many municipalities are now using varying forms of phosphate based chelating
agents in an effort to preserve the water main lines from corrosion. These added chemicals will
increase phosphate levels.
Pool chemicals - many of the stain and scale inhibitors, as well as metal sequestering agents are
phosphonic/phosphoric acid based. This can be confirmed by checking MSDS sheets and product
labels. Once these products are added to a pool or spa, they begin to deteriorate and will increase
phosphate levels.
Environment - debris such as dust, pollen, dirt, and leaves will contribute to phosphate levels in
pool and spa water.
Fertilizers - both lawn and general agricultural fertilizers will increase phosphate levels.
REMEMBER! - although phosphates from these sources are usually poly-phosphates or organically
bound, all will degrade to “ortho”, or reactive, phosphates with time.
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11
WHY Does my pool leak?
Autofills
The water for your swimming pool must always be above your skimmer inlet. While this may be stating
the obvious, some not so obvious issues can occur.
Evaporation
Based on an 8x5 foot perimeter pool, a week without rainfall and a high heat of 100-120 degrees (TX,
AZ, and NV) could cause a 3” minimum - 6” maximum water loss. Without an autofill, add one or two
inches of water. With moderate heat of 95-100 degrees, the water loss is 1/2” minimum to 1 1/2”
maximum. With low heat of 70-90 degrees, the water loss is 0” minimum to 1/2” maximum.
A daily loss of 1/8” or less is hard to qualify, but if the pool requires hose filling in moderate tempurature or rainfall weeks, it is likely leaking.
Plaster pool: look for holes, they often have brown/black stains
Fiberglass pool: look for cracking
Vinyl pool: watch for stair frame screws, skimmer, light gasket, and main drain gasket
Leak to Level
In freeze climates, the owner is logically afraid of a broken underground pipe. These are relatively rare
and can be confirmed by allowing the pool to leak to level, with and without the pump running. A pressure test is ordered from a pool company after it is determined the pool will leak below the skimmer.
$
Money saving search for leaks
Raise pool water two inches per day after allowing it to leak to level. Using your liquid Phenol red from your pH kit, squirt a few drops at any jet rings, ladder, stair step or skimmer
trim. The red liquid will be drawn to the leak.
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s
e
p
y
T
ls
o
o s
s
p
a
l
d g
o
/
l
r
y
-g in
Pla
These pools are also referred to as
plaster, granite, concrete, pebbletech,
marble light, marcite, or diamondbrite
pools. The dominant form of pool, particularly in the southern US and Europe
is a rebar reinforced, plaster or concrete
based shell and a top finish. The terms
granite, pebbletech, marble light, and diamondbrite apply to the finish. Absent one of
these finishes, ceramic tile or glass pools could
be cared for in the same manner. Resurfacing
these pools with fiberglass finish has been a growing
trend over the last 20 years.
r
n
e
b
i
u F
n
/V
r
i
e
f st
o
Plaster Pools
Plaster Types
Grey or white- These surfaces are the least expensive, but they have the shortest life and require
the highest maintenance. Basically, they are protland cement, with or without a tint additive. For
longer life stone, glass accents and other durable items have raised the life of the finish and widely
expanded the color choice.
Pebble Tec® (Small stones in plaster)- The developer of the imitated small stone in the plaster has
been Pebble Tec®, offering a multi color, more water resistant finish. 3M Diamond Brite and other
stone finishes have become popular.
Operating Issues
1) These pools must never allow calcium hardness to fall below 200 ppm.
2) These pools must be brushed weekly in high season or employ a suction vacuum.
3) These pools will stain or bleach, require 7 to 10 year reapplication of the finish, and are the most
amicable to attached custom water features.
4) These are the only pools which allow large, free form designs and multiple water features attached
with one filtration and purification system.
Because they lend themselves to free form design, plaster pools will always be a dominant force in
the swimming pool industry. In other markets, they are significantly more expensive to construct.
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13
Vinyl Pools
Since 1980, the vinyl liner has made substantial inroads on the swimming pool industry and has
become the dominant choice. In the northern markets, some have argued vinyl lined pools are crack
resistant during below freezing weather. The 7 to 15 year window on vinyl replacement is less expensive than a replaster project. Vinyl Liner replacement can be as much as $3000 to $4000 less than
a re-plaster in most North American markets.
90% or more of the northern U.S. pools are lined with vinyl, and these pools have recently begun
showing up in Texas, Florida, and California.
Operating Issues
As with plaster pools, the calcium hardness should be maintained at about 200 ppm minimum and
the pH should be maintained above 6.6 (7.2 if using chlorine or bromine). Sanitizer levels above 5.0
ppm (free chlorine) can bleach the liner, as can improper handling of chlorine or acid. Vinyl pools
are more resistant to stains and less resistant to mold underneath the pool or damage from concentrated chemicals. To avoid mold, confirm all drainage flow from the house is directed away from the
pool.
Maintenance Issues
Vinyl pools require little maintenance and have a 6 to 20 year life dependence on water chemistry.
Liners are replaced at a cost of $3000 to $4000 and come in hundreds of colors. If your pool is
built in a clay (vs. sand) soil environment, proper filling and drainage are needed to keep water from
forming under the liner and giving you water mold issues.
Make certain ALL drainpipes are pointed away from the pool. If water is running toward your pool
from the neighbor’s higher elevation house, installing a French drain system may be necessary.
Vinyl pools do not require weekly brushing to avoid algae in high season but do have other issues.
Shocking the pool with chlorine must be done with care to avoid bleaching and spotting. Distribute
shock (liquid or solid) around the pool and emphasize the deep end. Dilute liquid acid with water in
five gallon bucket and “pool” it in the deep end of the pool when adjusting pH down. Keep calcium
above 200 ppm and pH above 6.6 to prevent the liner from becoming brittle before its tenth year
after install.
14
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Fiberglass Pools
Perhaps the fastest growing surface choice is a fiberglass pool. This trend is consistent with pools
getting smaller and not having diving boards or deep ends. The entire shell is trucked in as one piece,
limiting the size due to freight expenses and road restrictions.
Operating Issues
Whether it is an entire fiberglass shell or fiberglass applied over plaster, the fiberglass pool will generally require less maintenance if it has been properly installed. Usually, the smooth surface does not
require brushing.
Maintenance Issues
Keeping calcium above 200 ppm and avoiding high sanitizer levels will keep this surface from staining
or spotting. Fiberglass owners with well water may wish to put an iron filter on their outdoor swimming
pool feed line. Use vitamin C tablets to remove spots or granular ascorbic acid if it is available, no
more than one kilogram per 10,000 gallons.
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15
16
saltwater pools
Salt water pools use salt-to-chlorine generators to
generate chlorine gas. Saying this, salt water pools
are not actually chlorine-free, it simply uses a chlorine generator to reduce the handling of chlorine. A
wide range of salt chlorinators are available between
$600 and $1800 and require the unit to be sized to
the pool. The entire cell on salt water pools needs to
be replaced every 3-5 years.
above ground pools
Above ground pools are a very popular choice for
many reasons. Above ground pools are definitely
the inexpensive option to owning your own swimming pool, and they come in a multitude of sizes and
shapes to suit any budget. They are usually vinyl liner
pools and should be expected to provide many years
of enjoyment. Above ground pools are equipped with
filtration and usually alternative sanitizers and filter
medias are purchased separately. You can filter and
sanitize the pool with whatever system is right for
you: chlorine system, salt-to-chlorine generators, or
ecosmarte copper ionization and oxidation for chemical free water.
17
Maintenance items
regardless of
pool surface
Weekly tasks for all pools
- Test pH
- Test sanitizer
- Empty skimmer basket
- Empty pump basket
- Vacuum all leaves
- Consider backwash (If pressure has risen on filter, clean the cartridge)
annual maintenance items: tests
- Test phosphates and remove with chemical
- Test calcium hardness and adjust
- Test cyanuric acid on chlorine pool
annual maintenance items: filter
- Replace cartridge (12 to 24 months life)
- Soak DE grids in acid/water (5 parts water, 1 part acid)
- Check bed depth on sand filter annually (2-3 times in souther markets, 1-2 times in northern markets):
- Sand
- ZEOlite
- Glass
(Filter bed depth should be six to eight inches from the top of the filter and, if short, will result
in murky water and/or increased chemical use).
In southern pools, these items will result in extra charges from the service. With northern
pools, they can be ordered with an opening or closing of the pool (and also involve charges).
18
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Filters
the key to time
and chemical
savings
Pools with inadequate filters can
either add a second filter or increase the size by replacing an
existing filter. In the case of sand
filters, an upgrade in the media
itself may permit a marginally
sized filter to successfully operate the pool. Media options will
result in a specific micron removal with a properly sized pump.
3 basic types
Three basic types of filters exist for both above ground and
in-ground swimming pools:
- Sand filter
- Diatomaceous earth
- Cartridge
It is important to confirm that the size of filter is adequate
for your pool and your pool pump is correctly rated for your
filter. Generally, the filter cannot be oversized (the bigger the
better). An undersized filter will easily double your chemical
use, double your time spent on water chemistry, and give you
many days of murky water. Very few above ground pools are
sold with an adequate filter, so make sure you double check
yours is the correct size.
Sand Filter Size
Maximum U.S. Gallons
180 LBS
9,000
200 LBS
12,000
300 LBS
26,000
500 LBS
36,000
600 LBS
50,000
900 LBS
75,000
Sand Filter
Media
Options
Microns
Filtered
Quartz
silica sand
50
ZEOlite
2-10*
Glass
Media
2-5*
* With proper hoursepower/
filter size combination
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19
Filter media
In soft water areas and
with pools using a mineral purifier, many types of zeolites sold
will be incompatible. Only after
installation will you be able to
determine if calcium hardness,
copper/silver, or zinc is being
removed from your pool. All zeolites are incompatible with metal
remover, flocculant, and clarifier.
Zeolites will also load with phosphate if it is present in the pool
water. Be cautious, some manufacturers do not acknowledge
these issues.
In 2004, the pool industry was introduced to glass media. Though glass is the most
expensive option upfront, it has
the lowest micron rating and longest life expectancy of all media
types, making it the most cost
effective type of media. Glass is
avaiable in multi-color or white,
and may or may not come presterilized.
Sand Filter Troubleshooting Chart
Problem
Probable Fix
Valve handle is hard to move
Spider “O” ring
Water trickles out backwash hose
Spider “O” ring
Sand or media comes out of jets
Dirty filter/ Broken distributor
Sand or media comes out of hose
Bent or broken
Sand
zeolite
glass
If any of these medias are found in the pool or backwash site glass; make sure that certain media
have been installed in the filter properly with a pea gravel bed fully covering the laterals.
20
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The 1 HP Rule
The HP rating of the swimming pool pump is most critical in successful operation of the pool and specific accessories. The most common misconception as consumers
update pools with aftermarket pumps is that a 2 HP pump
is superior to a 1 HP pump. A 2 HP pump will not function with a 300 LB sand filter, a 48 sq ft DE, or a 53 sq ft
cartridge, the most popular builder sizes.
All pumps have a GPM rating, as do the filters. A 72 GPM
1 HP pump is the proper rating for the aforementioned filters and a 96 GPM 2 HP pump will require at least a 600
LB sand filter or a 72 sq ft DE filter.
While subtle issues exist related to the plumbing manifolds (1.5” pipe vs. 2” pipe), total feet of pipe between
skimmer and the pump is also a consideration.
The exception to this are accessory water features and in
floor cleaning systems, usually new construction issues
only. The trend is to incorporate both a separate pump,
and in many cases, a separate filter, which is always required for in floor cleaning systems.
Variable flow pumps, “Intelligent” engineering as the manufacturers call it, are not being marketed all through the
United States. The mechanical track record and claimed
energy savings of variable flow pumps are vague at best.
Two operating issues need to be considered beyond HP
and variable speed or flow analysis:
1) The pool must circulate during daylight hours since algae are dormant at night.
2) Timing systems require the pool owner to be able to reprime their pump on occasion or pay for a service call if the pool fails to restart.
3) A rotary pump can run at the lowest RPM speed
1/8 HP for 24 hours and still use 75% less
electricity.
Pum
ps
Many builders run the pump and filter 24
hours to avoid these issues. This “off peak”
circulation adds between $10 and $20 per
month to the monthly electric bill at average U.S. rates.
The leading North American swimming
pool pump manufacturers are Hayward,
Sta-Rite, Pentair, Jandy and Jacuzzi, all with
service and parts networks to support their
customers.
Signs of a failing pump are: overheating
(shutting the pool off), tripping the breaker,
or caviting the flow. Normally, this gives
homeowners some advance warning. The
pump consists of an electric motor, wet end,
and basket. Because rebuilding the motor
requires two trips and usually an outside
vendor, most pool professionals will recommend replacement of the pump, or at least
a brand new motor. Do-it-yourselfers may
save half of their moeny or more with a motor rebuild only. They are unlikely to get the
same useful life of replacement.
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21
The NEW Trend:
Rotary
Pumps
“Greening your pool while keeping blue water”
Eliminates up to 80% of the KW to operate the pool.
Pentair IntelliFlo
VS SVRS Variable Speed Pump
Being the latest member of the IntelliFlo family,
the IntelliFlo VS Speed Pump further refines the
proven advancements that have characterized
IntelliFlo pumps enabling them to outsell all the
other competing variable speed pumps. With the
features below, buying this product is definitely a
super move.
Product Description
Digital controls that includes an 8 programmable
speed setting with a built in timer allowing custom
program of optimum speeds for specific tasks - filtering, cleaning, heating, waterfalls, spa jets etc.
Motor has an ultra-efficient permanent magnet design for reduced noise and vibration assuring greater efficiency and longer pump life. Spectacularly quieter operation - as low as 45 decibels making the pump 4
times quieter than most traditional pumps. Low average operating speed and totally enclosed fan cooled
(TEFC) makes the pump the quietest on earth. Fully compatible with other brands of pool/spa controls
systems for managing pump, water, lighting, heating, including IntelliTouch®, EasyTouch® and SunTouch®. 90% energy saving compared to traditional pumps saving thousands of dollars in energy costs
over its lifetime. Safety Vacuum Release System (SVRS) ensures safety by sensing drainage and automatically shuts off the pump hence protecting it for longer life.
The IntelliFLo VS Variable Speed Pump is a real breakthrough in energy efficiency and service life. Many
states (California and Arizona for example) are requiring two speed pumps and offer rebates to defray the
higher initial cost.
22
ECOsmarte
Reuse the backwash water on your lawn
Get greener grass than
your neighbor
The yard to the right is using regular El Paso
city water, the “wetter” water to the left is
oxygenated and ionized with ECOsmarte’s
whole house water system.
You not only achieve the “greener” grass
look, but you also use one half of the water
your neighbors do. No impact on budget,
high impact on curb appeal.
Glasspack Water Savings
DID YOU KNOW? If just 1/2 of the swimming pools in CA, FL, TX, or
AZ that use silica sand switched to using Glasspack Media, EACH STATE
WOULD SAVE 10 BILLION GALLONS of fresh water per year.
Backwash Monthly Instead of Weekly
-Glasspack® filters skin cells, blood cells and 70% of all bacteria such as coliform or ecoli. No need to
“shock” or flocculate the pool as with sand or cartridge filters.
-Glasspack® contains no crystalline silica - resulting in better lung protection for employees and a far
healthier environment. Silica is a TYPE 1 known aspirant carcinogen.
-Glasspack® is manufactured from 100% recycled glass, sterilized and
machined like sugar.
-Glasspack® grains are amorphous, smooth particles that
have higher attrition strength and do not pemanently
trap bacteria in cracks.
-Use of Glasspack® filter media will lower your consumption of chlorine and coagulants. Coagulants
and metal removers are not compatible with ZEOlite
and are compatible with glass.
-Glasspack® media is superior to DE and it will
change your life if you manage your own filter.
23
Vacuums
Hand Vacuum
Skimmer Mount: TOP
Operation of Hand Vacuum:
Set up: The pool pole attaches to the vacuum head; the
head is attached to one of the skimmers by using a vacuum hose.
Make sure the vacuum hose you own is long enough to reach from the
skimmer to the furthest end of your pool. Adjusting skimmer valves not in use
with the vacuum may be needed for best results. Never vacuum through the
filter, always vacuum to waste.
Helpful Hint: If your pool has two skimmers, close the one not
supporting the vacuum one half turn to maximize your suction.
Suction Side
Skimmer Mount: FACE
Pressure Side Sweep: Separate Pump
If your pool has one skimmer only, vacuums such as Baracuda are not the
vacuum for your pool. If you have a DE filter, this is also not the vacuum for
your pool.
Robotic with Countdown Timer:
These DC voltage driven vacuums are the most expensive but arguably the
best. Blue Diamond, Aquabot, Tigershark, and Dolphin Shark are the proven
brands.
In-Floor and Pop-Up
In-Floor Cleaning Systems provide performance by systematically moving
heavy debris toward your pool’s main drains, while suspending the light
debris, which are removed by the standard filtration process.
*hand vacuums may still be needed with other vacuum
types
24
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Pool Lighting
There are many pool lighting options available in the pool
industry today. Contact your pool professional to see what
options may be available for your pool. Below are some of our
favorites. All use DC voltage, LEDs, and require the water to
be grounded in 2015 as the new U.L. Standard.
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25
Many brands of sand filters require a pea gravel
base to cover the water distribution laterals and
this is not well documented by various replacement
media sellers. Failure to cover the laterals with
gravel on most Pentair, Jacuzzi, or Sta-Rite filters
will result in the sand, ZEOlite, or glass plugging the
razor-like openeings. In addition to plugged laterals, media will pass to the pool, filter bed depth will
fall, and the filter media will channel. NO AMOUNT
of chemical will clear the pool for more than a few
days after this happens.
installing new media
Sand filter lateral
Pea gravel must cover all laterals fully with glass or ZEOlite.
Glass manufacturers, even though their material is machined to
sugar-like consistency, are universal in their pea gravel bed
requirement. Most ZEOlite suppliers do not document the gravel
requirements.
Replacing the Sand
INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
1. Remove tank
cover. Cover the
exposed vertical
pipe.
2. Remove the
sand; use of wetvac is helpful.
3. Check all piping for correct
fit and defects.
Cover laterals w/
pea gravel.
4. Add media to
achieve specific
filter bed depth.
Put back the
tank cover and
introduce water.
5. Backwash until water is clear.
(Please note: If
using ZEOlite, the
backwash process should take
place after each
bag is added).
Glass, ZEOlite, or 20 Quartz Silica Sand (regular sand will not work)
Sand - Every 3 years
ZEOlite - Every 3-5 years
Glass - Every 5-7 years
(Bacquacil users will need to change sand or ZEOlite every year)
26
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Sand filters must plug and have pressure
rise on their gauge to remove small particles from
the pool. A functional pressure gauge is necessary to successfully operate the pool. It is highly
recommended that pools with slide valves should
upgrade to a multiport valve. Multiport valves give
you full operation of a sand filter. A slide valve has
only two options- filter and backwash. A slide valve
does not include the rinse feature. Without a rinse
feature, it is impossible to properly backwash a
sand filter to its maximum cleanliness. The rinse
feature on the multiport valve is an intricate part of
removing the particulate that has been collected in
the filter, cleaning your pool properly.
Backwashing your
sand filter
Backwashing the pool should occur after 6
lb pressure rise on the gauge and prior to a 10 lb
rise over starting pressure. The starting pressure
must be recorded after a proper backwash. The
gauge can be marked with a waterproof marker so
any pool professional or family member will know
the operating status of your filter.
The proper method to backwash the filter is
shown below. YOU MUST TURN THE PUMP OFF
between each movement on the multiport valve, or
you will damage the “spider” O-ring inside the valve.
The multiport valve should easily and distinctly lock
into position.
When finished with the second backwash/
rinse cycle, the pump should be turned off and the
valve returned to the “filter” position. The pool
should be operating at your starting pressure. The
“recirculate” and “waste” settings are covered under problem solving and vacuum chapters of this
book.
Backwashing too frequently will result in
more chemical use and less water clarity with a
sand filter. Any sand filtered pool that has gone 6-8
weeks without a pressure rise should backwash
the pool regardless of pool clarity.
TWO COMPLETE CYCLES: FULLY PURGE THE MEDIA
1. Turn off pool pump
2. Set multiport valve to “backwash”
3. Turn on pool pump for 2 1/2 minutes
4. Turn off pool pump
5. Set multiport valve to “rinse.” Rinse to
clear in-site glass (15 to 45 seconds)
6. Repeat this process
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27
The diatomaceous earth filter for backwashing purposes operates on a similar principle to sand
but will not require a pressure rise. The maximum
pressure rise, usually 12-16 lbs, is more important
with this platform to avoid damage to the filter itself, and early backwashing will not hurt the overall
filter performance. It may be prudent, for example,
to backwash the filter if the gauge has a 4 lb rise
and the owners or pool service will be gone for several days.
DE
backwashing:
a diatomaceous earth filter
The use of the multiport valve is identical to
a sand filter; you must turn off the pump between
each valve handle movement. The DE platform
requires three 2-minute backwashes followed by
rinse to clear, usually less than 30 seconds.
The backwash of a DE filter is designed to
knock down all powder and contaminant from the
grids. Softly slapping the side of the filter after
each rinse cycle will yield optimum results as dirty
powder drops to the bottom of the filter to be rinsed
out.
DE FILTER TROUBLESHOOTING CHART
Symptom
Cause
Powder in the pool
Pentair Multiport Valve
“Murky” water or Oil Slick:
Failure to get all used powder at the bottom of the
filter will not allow new powder to coat the grids
evenly. At least twice per year, the grids must be
removed and soaked for trouble free performance.
- Hole in grids
- Valve to separation tank is faulty or
open
- Too much powder in the filter
- Not enough powder in filter
- Grids need to be cleaned
- Grid assembly is cracked
- Breather cap plugged
A one hour soak in five parts water, one part muriatic acid and 1 lb TSP (Trisodium Phosphate). It is
usally a good idea to hire a pool professional if this
is your first swimming pool on your first DE filter.
The 60 sq ft DE filter typically contains six or seven fabric “grids” that must be
perfectly maintained with the carriage assembly and grids soaked quarterly.
The filter must be re-assembled squarely and with even tension on the cartridge.
28
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Alternative Sanitizers
Chemicals
Chlorine is the dominant form of pool sanitiation, but Bromine, Bacquacil, and
Sodium Tetraborate sanitation have a statistical presence.
Those pools using an alternative form of chemical sanitation will most likely be
required to drain the pool to convert it back to chlorine, OR install an alternative sanitizing device. The number of alternative chemical pools is falling dramatically while the
percentage of pools with a sanitizing device is increasing.
Bromine
Bromine users will operate the pool by testing free bromine, total bromine, pH, calcium hardness,
and totally alkalinity - all just as critical as chlorine.
Bromine users will typically use non-chlorine shock to respond to cloudy water and often need
weekly agaecide treatment.
Bromine salts themselves typically cloud water. Movement to a copper sanitizing device will require
draining the pool to avoid copper salts which can be toxic and can cloud the water.
Bromine has better microbe kill rates than chlorine on hot water. While bromine has become the
dominant sanitizer for spas, very few pool companies have the larger packaging of bromine to support a swimming pool or employ the expertise to operate a bromine spa or pool.
Bacquacil (and private label bioguanides)
By far, the dominant chemical other than chlorine in swimming pools is bacquacil. The sanitation
chemical itself (and the shock) is considerably less irritating than chlorine, but it is more expensive,
and requires regular algaecide supplement and annual filter media change out. It also provides
some economics on getting the alkalinity up and increasing the calcium hardness. Bacquacil is
much less corrosive than chlorine or bromine, though some evidence shows that the more years
that the water is in the pool, the more sanitation chemical are required, regardless of weather. Bacquacil users should consider draining and refilling the pool and changing out the filter media every 3
to 5 years (instead of the 7 to 10 year window with chlorine).
Sodium Tetraborate Pools: PROTEAM
The manufacturer of this patented system, The John Girvan Company, should be contacted directly
for assistance in operating these pools and updating proprietary test kits. Materials are generally
shipped from Florida.
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29
Alternative Sanitizing Devices
Numerous alternative devices, many dating back to the late 1980s, exist to reduce or eliminate the
use of certain pool chemicals. Many of them completely eliminate the use of chlorine stabilizer, cyanuric acid, and the obvious human health issues associated with chemical use in pools and spas.
Ionization
The oldest methods involve copper or copper/silver
ionization using ionic metals
to kill algae, bacteria, and virus. Early Roman fountains
and modern day wishing wells
easily demonstrate the water
clarity achieved from the stable part per million metal residuals. NASA legitimized this
science in the 1960s by using
ionization on three week Apollo missions to the moon when
moon microbes were greatly
feared. Only since 1999 have
efficacy studius confirmed superior kill rates on Legionella,
Polio Virus, Ecoli, and Coliform
with the use of ionization. The
issues with ionization, however, revolve around staining and
the need for oxidation.
30
Ionization/Oxygen and
Ionization/Ozone
In swimming pool applications,
ionization alone does not address body
oils, uric acid, and other organic chemicals brought into the water by swimmers. Therefore an oxidation supplement or method is required to rid the
water of these things.
The less expensive ionization
products ($800-$1400) recommend
the use of household bleach or nonchlorine shock on a regular basis to accomplish the needed oxidation (Caribbean Clear, Pioneer, Sigma, Challenger,
Lifeguard). The more sophisticated and
successful manufacturers will incorporate a second device (ozone or oxygen
generators) to eliminate the regular use
of halogen chemicals (Clearwater, Superior Aqua, Ecosmarte). These dual
systems, while not necessarily doubling
the cost ($1900-$4500), should be
scrutinized, particularly if ozone is used
to ensure proper sizing based on both
the size of the pool and projected swimmer volume. Tens of thousands of pools
operate without regular chemical added
to the pool, a fact that North American
pool professionals have acknowledged
only after Wal-Mart, Sam’s Club and Canadian Tire garnered over 30% of the
swimming pool chemical business.
Ozone
Ozone has been the
accepted chemical reduction standard in water treatment since the early 1900s.
Ozone’s short life, however,
makes both oxidation supplements and algaecide use a
necessity. The main problem
with ozone generators in residential applications is the cost
of electricity and element replacement. Residential ozone
generators require 24 hour
circulation and annual bulb/
element replacement.
Ozone generators are
rated in grams per hour. 2-3
gram output is required to
have an impact on the chemical demand of the pool.
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Autocovers
Turn the key, and the pool is covered
A growing trend to cover pools with a retractable cover has occurred in North America. If your pool has
such a cover, and you are experiencing problems, the following troubleshooting guide has been compiled
using information from manufacturers.
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE: AUTOCOVERS
Problem
Cover will not move forward or will not reverse
Water leaking onto cover
Cover retracts out of
square (some unevenness
may be unavoidable due
to pool configuration)
Cover not even at end of
pool
Cover seems to be running
under stress
Possible Cause
Solution
1. Circuit breaker or GFI is tripped
2. Water on cover
3. Water accumulated between
roll-up tube and pool
4. Cover adhering to deck
5. Torque limiter loose
6. Motor needs service
1. Reset circuit breaker
2. Pump water from cover
3. Sweep water off cover
4. Lift cover and billow air
under cover. Use replaceable
welcome mat, etc., to break
deck adhesion
5. Tighten both torque-limiter
bolts 1/2 revolution until it
engages
6. Call for service
1. Cover caught on something
sharp
2. Abrasion pinhole
1. Remove sharp object and
use patch kit to repair
1. Rope legth is unequal
2. Uneven drag on cover as it retracts off pool
1. Re-pin the rope onto the
rope reel so the extra rope
around the reels is exactly the
same on both sides
2. Tighten rope reel brakes
slightly. Do not overtighten.
1. Rope length is unequal
1. Re-pin the rope onto the
rope reel so the extra rope
around the reels is exactly
the same on both sides
1. Excess friction during operation
2. Cover adhering to deck
3. Debris in housing
4. Cover too tight
5. Brake to tight
1. Clean guides with hose. Clean all
turning parts
2. Billow cover by lifting fabric to
break adhesion
3. Clean housing of debris
4. Raise water level to mid-tile or
replace cover
5. Loosen brake
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31
Adding a retractable cover to an existing pool is expensive, but doing so can save
you on both energy and water chemistry. There are two types of covers, each
either electric or hydraulic.
Top Track (See page 35)
Track is mounted in the concrete deck. This is the only retrofit option unless you are prepared to replace
your concrete deck.
Below Track (See below)
Track is built under the concrete deck with no exposed runners, over with a cantilevered edge...
Without entering into the debate it is not wise to use these covers as winter covers in a northern freeze
climate, despite manufacturers’ claims. A fabric replacement due to an ice tear is $3,500 to $5,000,
excluded from their warranties. Investing $1,500 to $4,000 in a true safety cover is the ideal way to
winterize an autocover pool, extending the life and simplifying the maintenance. Leaf stains accumulated in the fall can also ruin the appearance.
OPERATING ISSUES
Cover Pump
A small sump pump is required to pump water off of the cover, especially before opening it. A leaf
blower or pressure washer also simplifies the cleaning process.
The manufacturers that recommend their autocovers for winter use expect the cover to be regularly
pumped as water accumulates and before ice forms. They also expect you to pump it as ice melts. The
fabric itself will become very dirty over winter months and must be cleaned each spring.
Sunlight
It is a good idea to frequently expose your pool to the UV sunlight, regarless of the sanitation methods
used. Salt water generators, chlorine generators, and ozone generators will destroy the fabric and the
track if the cover is not opened every day.
Heating the Pool
Keep the cover closed and realize your energy saving benefit with the autocover. Generally, two to four
hours with a properly sized heater will raise the pool water temperature for planned swimming events.
This permits the heater to be turned off or down on days when the homeowner knows there will be unlikely use of the pool.
32
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WINTER CLOSING
Closing Northern Pools - Frozen Water
1. Test copper and pH.
Day of Closing
1. Drain water below skimmer level. You can achieve this by running your pump to waste through
only the main drain.
2. Turn pump off. Disconnect power to electronic control box and remove lead wires from chamber.
Store box indoors for the winter.
3. Lay out all winterization hardware (caps, gizmoz, etc.).
4. Unscrew return jets, stand-by with jet plugs.
Return Lines
1. Twist off ECOsmarte Electrode Chamber (store indoors). The 12” gap will be your “blow spot.”
2. Using a shop-vacuum or other power blower, blow toward the return side of the piping from the
“blow spot” with all returns open.
3. Close all return valves. Using the winter plugs, plug all jets finger-tight except the nearest jet to the
pump. Open return line nearest pump and blow air through that line, from the “blow spot.” Repeat
this procedure for each return line, re-plugging each jet after water is purged.
4. Carefully pour one gallon RV anti-freeze through with shop-vacuum until you can see anti-freeze
come out of the intended jet. Repeat this procedure for each line starting with the furthest jet and
working toward pump.
Prior to Suction Side Winterization
1. Remove drain plug from hair and lint basket (sump). Allow to drain completely.
2. Remove drain cap from filter (if sand filter, remove smaller of two caps).
Skimmers
1. Close skimmer and main drain valves.
2. Working from the suction side of your pool piping, open and blow out skimmers, one at a time,
from the nearest skimmer to the furthest. Close skimmer valves after blowing.
3. Pour one gallon of RV anti-freeze directly into each skimmer.
4. Plug skimmers. If gizmo is not used, leave an empty plastic anti-freeze jug in the skimmer cavity
(plastic jug will absorb winter expansion).
Main Drain
1. With skimmer valves closed, open main drain valve.
2. Open hair and lint basket (sump) at pump. Remove basket. Replace drain plug.
3. Pour approximately two gallons of RV anti-freeze into hair and lint basket. Close basket cover.
4. Blow from suction side of “blow spot” with main drain valve open, until you can see small traces of
anti-freeze entering the pool.
5. Close valve quickly.
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33
Southern Pool Closing Procedure
If you are located in a region where freezing water is not a concern, then lower
pH to 7.2 (neutral) and raise sanitizer levels. There is no need to run the pump
and filter everyday. However, you must run the pool if a frost warning is issued.
Southern pool owners may adjust pH every 2 or 3 weeks in a non-circulating pool
for maximum control.
Southern pool owners will most likely use an auto cover in their winterization
strategy. “Swamping” a southern pool and cleaning it up in the spring makes
little sense.
Miscellaneous
- Stuff rag or sock in each end of “blow spot”. Rubber bind or duct tape rags in
place.
- If you have a slide, a water-powered vacuum (Polaris, Kreepy Krauly, etc.), or a
water-fill hose installed on your pool, they will need to be blown out and filled with
anti-freeze. Use above procedure in most cases. Some slides, however, may
need to be blown from the spot of disconnection.
- Set sand filter 7-way valve to the “winter” or “closed” position.
- Remove ladder and railings. Lift cover plate and unfasten 7/16” or 1/2” bolts.
- If diving board is greater than 8’ long and snow is expected, remove and store
inside for the winter.
- Cover pool with winter cover. If water bag cover is used, fill water bags half full
to prevent winter cracking. Also, allow the cover’s slack to fall into pool and anchor with as little on deck as possible (1 to 2 feet is ideal). This will prevent the
cover from collapsing into the pool under a load of snow.
34
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Safety Options
A safety cover, capable of supporting a deer, child, or moose, can be starched.
TM
Merlin Industries® Smart Mesh allows only water to pass through the cover.
The straps allow the cover to rise if the ice rises and the anchors mount flush to
the deck during swimming season. NOTE: Standard or ‘Open Mesh’ covers will
add 10-20 hours for Spring clean up and as much as $200 in chemicals.
Winterizing: Autocovers are not true
safety or winter covers.
Regardless of whether you own an above or below track auto cover, you do not
want to cleaning, fabric or track replacement that occurs in northern climates
from ice damage. Even the manufacturers who recommend this usage expect
you to pump off surplus water. An ice tear in the fabric sells for $4,000. Cleaning
the cover without the winter-accumulated dirt and tree tannins is also an easier
Top track required on free form pools
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35
Below track is optimum for rectangular pools
It is a great concept model which permits attractive cantilever decking as well as a
concrete lid system to hide tracks.
36
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Seven Secrets Salt Water Pool Sellers
Don’t Want You to Know
SECRET #1
Salt water systems corrode the pool equipment.
The Facts - The salt itself has issues of attacking the cement in the plaster and deck materials. This is a
relatively slow process when the salt levels are low. The salt also can kill any landscaping in or around the
pool as well as in the backwash area.
If the sodium hypochlorite levels are too high, the corrosion is caused by the chlorine being produced by the
electrolytic cell. Chlorine can bleach the test reagents, giving you a “false negative”, and people can grossly
over-chlorinate their pool damaging equipment, the pool surface, lighting fixtures, and ladders. Over time
the salt will attack any area the water evaporates at.
A common problem is corrosion at the ladder. The deck anchors are usually cast aluminum and the ladder should be stainless steel. The salt water will corrode the anchors overtime and a “safety event” will be
pending.
Buyers should be aware that if you have salt water above 2800 ppm, (often 4000 to 5000 ppm), you will
need to reseal your coping every year, especially if it is a porous stone like limestone or travertine. Otherwise, the salt will dry and start to etch the coping. Besides sealing the stone, it is also advisable and an
added precaution to hose down the coping at the end of any swim day with fresh water. Although the salt
water in the pool may not be corrosive at levels of 3000-3500 ppm, when that water hits the coping and
evaporates, it leaves pure salt behind. The pure salt is corrosive and is the main cause of the corroding coping. Most autocover manufacturers now void their track warranty if a salt system is used.
Some pool builders are now refusing to build any salt water pools with cream limestone or taupe coping.
Any customer that wants either coping for a salt water rock or gunnite pool must usually sign a release
form. Pool builders have said that they have had to replace a significant amount of both these types of coping this past year. Cantilever designs simply disappear as the stone dissolves away.
SECRET #2
Salt water systems require chemicals almost every week.
The obvious weekly use of muriatic acid is combined with the not so obvious need to use cyanuric acid to
guarantee your salt chlorine generator can achieve 1-3 ppm chlorine residual in your pool. Since salt water
pools produce chlorine, the sanitizing effectiveness of the system is impacted by changes in temperature,
bather load, sunlight and rainfall. CYANIDE based, the CYANURIC acid is euphemistically referred to as
conditioner or stabilizer and must be maintained between 35 and 85 ppm. Stabilized levels over 100 are
harmful to children, pets, older swimmers, the pool itself and of course the environment.
Occasional algaecide, clarifier, stain and scale control and shock will be needed with a salt chlorine pool
(maybe slightly more than a stabilized “puck” pool) and only the handling of the solid chlorine is avoided.
Numerous other sanitation devices will cut overall chemical use, a salt system may not.
37
SECRET #3
Salt water systems require cell replacement every 2 to 3 years at a cost of $500-$800.
With over 40 manufacturers in the salt water generator business the cell warranty ranges from 1 to 3 years
and the replacement costs are from $500 self-installed to $800 installed by a dealer. Assuming the owner
gets to the fourth year with the cell, salt can be one of the most expensive methods to sanitize the pool. If
the cell does not make it through the third year, salt becomes the most expensive system in terms of operating cost.
SECRET #4
You must worry about the pH with a salt system and do regular maintenance or you will destroy the pool
and have zero recourse.
The Fact - When the pH and alkalinity get out of balance, the chlorine is much less effective. The pH should
be 7.4-7.6. Chlorinating with a salt water chlorinator is similar to chlorinating with liquid chlorine-- they
both have a high pH (11.7). One common problem is that homeowners tend not to test their pools’ pH and
alkalinity enough. Unfortunately, too many builders and retailers sell these systems as a “set it and forget
it” solution. Most people with salt systems will run their pH from 7.8-8.0. This is bad for two reasons: 1)
the pool is in a scaling mode, and 2) the chlorine is locked up by the basisity of the higher pH. It is best to
run between 7.4-7.6 when using chlorine. Lack of pH management can ruin the cell in less than 90 days,
scaling up the swimming pool as well as the cell. “Improper chemical use” will void any warranty, a system
employed by portable spa manufacturers on delaminated shells and first year heater failure.
SECRET #5
Salt systems are more harmful to human health than conventional chlorine, bromine or bioguanide chemicals.
With a salt system your skin will absorb sodium, salt, AND chlorine, versus just the halogen with a chemical
sanitizer such as chlorine or bromine. Sodium absorption through the skin has long been known to present
health risks at levels far below the 3000-5000 ppm levels salt chlorine generators require. For nearly 20
years people with high blood pressure, stroke history or other circulatory system issues have been asked to
stop using their water softeners (at 200-400 ppm sodium in the water for just ten minutes in the shower)
to avoid the heart mortality risks. The chlorine level and skin absorption of the chlorine is still based on the
same 1-3 ppm chlorine residuals found, dioxin forms (as do chloramines) and the backwash water contains
3000 ppm or more chlorides.
SECRET #6
Salt systems are damaging to the environment and have been banned on all pools in areas such as Los
Angeles County.
While the “Ban the Brine” movement may have not picked up much steam in recent years, individual counties banning chloride discharge such as Livingston County, Michigan or specific bans on salt water chlorine
generators in Los Angeles County, California have gotten regional attention. Those existing Los Angeles area
salt water generators when the ordinance was passed are NOT “grandfathered” in.
38
SECRET #7
One size does not fit all and salt generators use both high voltage AND high amperage outputs.
The Facts - It is essential when selecting a salt chlorinator to oversize the unit for your pool. You are better off having a chlorinator too large for your pool, one that is undersized is a complete waste of money. A
chlorinator too large can be turned back or run for less time each day, making the cell last longer. A unit too
small will mean algae problems later on if you don’t run it for longer periods each day or add extra chlorine
on a regular basis. The high amperage output of the cell will add between 500 to 1000 watts per day or
1.0 KW to 1.5 KW to your electric demand and monthly bill, at .11¢ per watt, this is $5 to $11 every month.
Electric rates range from .11¢ to .19¢ per KW and will not likely decrease in price.
There is no maintenance on a salt water pool.
Fact - All salt water generator cells require cleaning every 90 days. This must be carried out before the calcium build up within the cell housing becomes one big block. If not cleaned for six months, four expensive
things occur, (even with the unit turned off the scale still forms):
The cell housing breaks when you attempt to clean it.
The cell life shortens as the high voltage/amperage cannot penetrate the scale on the plates.
The pool becomes a swamp when the cell scales up.
The electronic box blows - due to scale on the cell or salt ppm above 5000 in the pool.
It is also very important to watch the salt level in the pool. A low salt level (less than 2000 ppm) will cause
oxygen production and damage the platinum group metals on the cell anode, therefore, shortening the life
of the cell. It is recommended that you try to keep the salt level at the higher end of the manufacturer’s
scale, for your specific model.
With a salt water pool, the owner MUST maintain a proper pH or the pool will scale, stain brown and destroy
the cell. Also cyanuric acid levels must be maintained or the chlorine will quickly dissipate out of the pool.
Before you buy a device and throw 200 to 500lbs of salt in your pool, remember an old term - “Salting the
Earth”, 2000 years ago mankind knew better.
39
Manufacturers and their contact information
Manufacturer
Product Categories
3M/Industrial Business
Phone: (651) 733-6486
Adhesives, Concrete
A.O. Smith
Phone: (937) 667-2431
www.aosmithmotors.com
Pump Motors
ABER Hot Tub Mfg.
Phone: (800) 263-7727
www.aberhottubs.com
Spas
Acu-Trol (Now Hayward)
Phone: (800) 2734667
www.acu-trol.com
Chemical Controllers, Controls, Programmable
Controls, Flow, pH ORP Meters
Acura Spa Systems, Inc.
Phone: (951) 684-6667
www.acuraspa.com
Electromechanical Controls, Spa Heaters, Spa
Pillows, Spa Pumps
Air Energy Heat Pumps
Phone: (800) 334-4328
www.air-energy.com
Heat Pumps, Above-ground Pool Heaters, Spa
and Hot Tub Heaters
Alaglas Swimming Pools
Phone: (877) 655-7179
www.alaglas.com
Fiberglass Pools, Pool Lighting, Water Features,
Spas, Kiddie Pools
Alden Leeds, Inc.
Phone: (800) 822-5387
www.aldenleeds.com
Algaecides, Antifreeze, Bromine, Pool and Spa
Chemicals
Aldrich Co.
Phone: (309) 695-2311
www.aldrichco.com
All Valley Solar
Phone: (323) 850-0720
www.allvalleysolar.com
Solar Equipment
ALL-PRO a Scheu Co.
Phone: (800) 325-7057
www.allpro-heaters.com
Above-ground Pool Heaters, Heaters
Accessories
Aloha Fiberglass Pools
Phone: (800) 786-2318
www.alohafiberglasspools.com
Fiberglass Pools, Lighting, Tile, Mosaics, Pool
Covers, Pool Fences
40
Copyright © 2014 | All Rights Reserved | ECOsmarte® Planet Friendly, Inc. | www.ecosmarte.com | 612-866-1200
Manufacturers and their contact information
Manufacturer
ALPS Spas
Phone: (800) 733-7665
www.alps-spas.com
Product Categories
Above-ground Pool, In-ground Vinyl Liner, Portable Spa
American Fiberglass Pools
Phone: (800) 324-7665
www.americanfiberglasspools.com
Fiberglass Pools, Spas, Diving Pools, Swim Spas
American Leak Detection, Inc.
Phone: (800) 755-6697
www.americanleakdetection.com
Leak Detection, Leak Repair
Aqua Creek Products, LLC
Phone: (888) 687-3552
www.aquacreek.com
Grate Drain Covers, Pool Filters, In-Ground Pool
Steps
Aqua Jet, LLC
Phone: (800) 221-1750
www.aquaproducts.com/aqua
Automatic Pool Cleaners, Robotic Pool Equipment
Aqua Pro Systems
Phone: (877) 278-2797
www.ecoaquapro.com
Pumps, Filters, Heat Pumps, Air Blowers, Chlorine Generators
Aqua Products
Phone: (800) 221-1750
www.aquabot.com
Robotic Pool Cleaners
Aqua Vac Systems, Inc.
Phone: (800) 786-7751
www.aquavacsystems.com
Automatic Pool Cleaners, Robotic Pool Equipment
AquaCal, Inc.
Phone: (800) 786-7751
www.aquacal.com
Heat Pumps, Spa and Hot Tub Heater
AquaCheck Pool and Spa Test Trips
Phone: (800) 548-4381
www.aquacheck.com
Test Kits, Water Analysis
Aquamatic Cover Systems
Phone: (800) 262-4044
www.aquamatic.com
Pool Covers, Spa Covers
Aquascape Design, Inc.
Phone (800) 306-6227
www.aquascapedesign.com
Water Gardens/Ponds, Waterfalls
Copyright © 2014 | All Rights Reserved | ECOsmarte® Planet Friendly, Inc. | www.ecosmarte.com | 612-866-1200
41
Manufacturers and their contact information
Manufacturer
Aquatemp Products Corp.
Phone: (310) 225-3333
www.aquatemp.com
Product Categories
Solar Equipment
Aquatherm, Inc.
Phone: (800) 535-6307
www.warmwater.com
Above-ground Pool Heaters, In-ground Pool
Heaters, Solar Heaters
Arch Chemicals, Inc.
Phone: (800) 478-5727
www.archchemicals.com
Algaecides, Pool Chemicals, pH Adjusters, Winterizing Products
AstralPool USA
Phone: (904) 378-0999
www.astralpoolusa.com
Pumps, Filters, Heaters, Cleaners, Sanitization
AstralPool USA
Phone: (904) 378-0999
www.astralpoolusa.com
Pumps, Filters, Heaters, Cleaners, Sanitization
Automatic Pool Covers, Inc.
Phone: (800) 878-5789
www.automaticpoolcovers.net
Automatic Pool Covers, Safety Pool Covers
AutoPilot Systems, Inc.
Phone: (800) 922-6246
www.autopilot.com
Bromine Generators, Chlorine Generators
Badu SwimJet Systems
Phone: (800) 223-8538
www.badujet.com
Water Treadmills
Barrier Reef Pools
Phone: (888) 457-6657
www.brpoolsusa.com
Fiberglass Pools
Bio-Dex Laboratories
Phone: (800) 617-3477
www.bio-dex.com
Algaecides, Acid Washing Equipment, Clarifiers,
Pool and Spa Chemicals
BioGuard Pool and Spa Products
Phone: (800) 859-7946
www.bioguard.com
Algaecides, Chlorine Shock, Clarifiers, Pool and
Spa Chemicals
BioLab, Inc.
Phone: (678) 502-4000
www.biolabinc.com
Algaecides, Chlorine Shock, Clarifiers, Pool and
Spa Chemicals
42
Copyright © 2014 | All Rights Reserved | ECOsmarte® Planet Friendly, Inc. | www.ecosmarte.com | 612-866-1200
Manufacturers and their contact information
Manufacturer
Blue Haven Pools
www.bluehaven.com
Product Categories
Gunite Pools, Fiberglass Pools, Vinyl Liner
Pools, Filters, Pumps, Heaters, Cleaners, Ozonators, Sanitizers
Blue Hawaiian Fiberglass Pools
Phone: (888) 840-7699
www.bluehawaiianfiberglasspools.com
Fiberglass Pools, Wading Pools, Swim Spas
Caldera Spas
Phone: (800) 999-4688 x8432
www.calderaspas.com
Spas, Spa Covers & Cover Lifters, Spa Steps,
Water Chemicals, Water Testers, Spa Accesso-
Cantar/Polyair Corp.
Phone: (800) 448-2343
www.cantar.com
Fences, Winter Covers
Carefree Clearwater, Ltd.
Phone: (800) 762-0647
www.swimcsi.com
Algaecides, Anodes, Sacrificial Catalytic Purifiers, Ionizers, Mineral Purifiers
Caretaker Systems, Inc.
Phone: (800) 762-0647
www.swimcsi.com
Alarms, Gate Doors, Automatic Pool Cleaners,
Pool Plans, Fittings
Catalina Spas
Phone: (951) 940-4556
www.catalinaspas.com
Swim Spas, Hot Tubs, Gazebos, Spa Covers,
Spa Features
CCSI International, Inc.
Phone: (800) 537-8231
www.ccsiusa.com
Sun Rooms, Pool and Spa Enclosures, Skylights
CGT Pool Liners
Phone: (519) 623-1633
www.cgtpoolliners.com
Vinyl Pool Liners
Chemical Automation Technology
Phone: (800) 657-2287
www.chemauto.com
Chemical Controllers, pH Meters and Controls,
Water Chemistry Sensors, Water Analysis Equipment
Chemtrol, Div. of Santa Barbara Control Systems
Phone: (800) 621-2279
www.sbcontrol.com
Water Analysis Equipment, Water Analysis
Software, Chemical Controllers, pH Meters and
Controls, Sater Chemistry Sensors
ChlorMatic
Phone: (800) 447-2838
www.clormatic.com
Chlorinators, Chlorine Generators, Heat Exchangers, Commercial Pool Equipment
Copyright © 2014 | All Rights Reserved | ECOsmarte® Planet Friendly, Inc. | www.ecosmarte.com | 612-866-1200
43
Manufacturers and their contact information
Manufacturer
Clayton and Lambert
Phone: (800) 626-5819
www.claytonlambert.com
Product Categories
Stainless Steel/Steel Pool Walls, In-ground
Spas, In-ground Vinyl Liner Pools
ClearWater Enviro Technologies, Inc.
Phone: (800) 756-7946
www.clearwaterpoolsystems.com
Antiscale, Water Conditioner, Ionizers, Ozone
Generators, Scale Controls
ClearWater Tech, LLC
Phone: (800) 262-0203
www.cwtozone.com
Ozone Generators, Ozone Injectors
Coates Heater Company, Inc.
Phone: (253) 872-7256
www.coatesheater.com
Electric Pool & Spa Heaters, Boiler Parts
Confer Plastics, Inc.
Phone: (800) 635-3213
www.conferplastics.com
Pool Ladders, Pool & Spa Steps, Spa Bars &
Pads
Consolidated Pool and Spa Industries, Inc.
Phone: (877) 464-6496
www.consolidatedpool.com
Pool Lighting, Spa Lighting, Above-Ground Pool
Lights, Heaters, Vacuums, Spa Ozonators
Cover Valet
Phone: (800) 730-7727
www.covervalet.com
Spa Cover Lifters, Spa Steps, Spa Rails, Spa
Accessories
Cover-Pools, Inc.
Phone: (800) 447-2838
www.coverpools.com
Pool Enclosures, Above-ground/In-ground Automatic Pool Covers, Vinyl Repair Kits
CoverLogix Advanced Safety Cover Systems
Phone: (855) 992-6837
www.coverlogix.com
Safety Covers
Coverstar, Inc.
Phone: (800) 617-7283
www.coverstar.com
Automatic Pool Covers, In-Ground Pool Covers,
Spa Covers
Covertech
Phone: (800) 837-8961
www.covertechfab.com
Insulation, Above-ground/In-ground Pool Covers, Solar Blankets, Water Bags
Crestwood Pools
Phone: (607) 786-0010
www.crestwoodpools.com
Above-Ground Pools, Vinyl Liners, Ionizers, Pool
Covers, Walk-In Stairs
44
Copyright © 2014 | All Rights Reserved | ECOsmarte® Planet Friendly, Inc. | www.ecosmarte.com | 612-866-1200
Manufacturers and their contact information
Manufacturer
Product Categories
Custom Fiberglass Pools
www.custom-fiberglasspools.com
Fiberglass Pools
Del Ozone
Phone: (800) 676-1335
www.delozone.com
Air injectors, Clarifiers, ORP Meters, Ozone Generators, Commercial Pool Equipment
Dolphin Fiberglass Pools
Phone: (609) 965-5188
www.dolphinindustriesnj.com
Fiberglass Pools, Spas
Doughboy Recreational
Phone: (662) 536-4333
www.doughboy-pools.com
Automatic Suction Pool Cleaners, Filters, Cartridges, Above-ground Pool Ladders, Liners
Earth Science Laboratiories, Inc.
Phone: (800) 257-9283
www.pristineblue.com
Algaecides, Pool and Spa Chemicals, Scale Control, Test Kits, Nonchlorine Shocking Agents
Eco-Matic Salt Water Pool Systems
Phone: (800) 881-2284
www.ecomatic.com
Algaecides, Bromine Generators, Chlorine
Shocking Agents, Chlorine Generators
ECOsmarte Planet Friendly, Inc.
Phone: (800) 466-7946
www.ecosmarte.com
Ionizers, Oxygen Generators, Alternative Filter
Media
Enersol Solar Products
Phone: (800) 884-6444
www.enersol.com
Solar Heater, Solar Collectors, Solar Equipment
Environmental Pool Systems, Inc.
Phone: (800) 514-7051
Dehumidifiers, Pool Enclosures, Commercial
Pool Equipment
Esther Williams Swimming Pools
Phone: (800) 235-0185
www.estherwilliamspools.com
Above-ground Pools, Decking, Ladders, FiberOptic Lights
Fantasy Spas
Phone: (888) 961-7727
www.fantasy-spas.com
Spas, Spa Steps, Spa Cover Lifters, Spa Lights,
Ozonators
Feherguard Products, Ltd.
Phone: (905) 876-4766
www.feherguard.com
Tile and Vinyl Adhesives, Pool and Spa Ladders,
Repair Kits
Copyright © 2014 | All Rights Reserved | ECOsmarte® Planet Friendly, Inc. | www.ecosmarte.com | 612-866-1200
45
Manufacturers and their contact information
Manufacturer
Fiberstars
Phone: (888) 704-2276
www.fiberstars.com
Product Categories
Fountains, Lights, Waterfalls
Fibre Tech, Inc.
Phone: (800) 3963-7283
www.poolpreserver.com
Fiberglass Pools, Wading Pools, Swim Spas
Focus Temp International
Phone: (405) 796-4333
www.focustemp.com
Heat Exchangers, Heat Pumps
Fort Wayne Pool, Inc.
Phone: (219) 432-8731
www.surfthepool.com
Aluminum Coping, Cover Fabrics, Injection
Molding, Foam Pool Walls, Steel Pool Walls,
Steps
Freeflow Spas
Phone: (888) 961-7727
www.freeflowspas.com
Spas
Garrett Liners, Inc.
Phone: (800) 222-3650
www.garrettliners.com
Garden/Ponds Water, Hot Tub and Pool Liners,
Vinyl Repair Kits
Gladon Company, Inc.
Phone: (877) 445-2366
www.gladon.com
Pool Pads, Pool Coves
GLB Pool and Spa
Phone: (800) 445-2059
www.GLBPoolSpa.com
Algaecides, Pool and Spa Chemicals, Enzymes,
Winterizing Products
Goldline Controls, Inc.
Phone: (800) 343-0826
www.goldlinecontrols.com
Chlorine Generators, Freeze-Protection Controls,
Programmable Controls
Guardian Pool Fence Systems, Inc.
Phone: (800) 366-7233
www.guardianpoolfence.com
Pool Enclosures, Fences
Hanna Instruments, Inc.
Phone: (800) 426-6287
www.hannainst.com
Chemical Controllers, Programmable Controls,
ORP Meters, Water Analysis Equipment
Haviland Enterprises, Inc.
Phone: (800) 456-1134
www.havilandusa.com
Pool & Spa Chemicals, Pool Hoses
46
Copyright © 2014 | All Rights Reserved | ECOsmarte® Planet Friendly, Inc. | www.ecosmarte.com | 612-866-1200
Manufacturers and their contact information
Manufacturer
Product Categories
Hayward Pool Products, Inc.
Phone: (888) 429-9273
www.haywardnet.com
Automatic Suction Pool Cleaners, Filters, Heaters, Pumps
Heliocol Solar Pool Heating
Phone: (800) 797-6527
www.helicol.com
Heat Exchangers, Above-ground/In-ground Pool
heaters, Spa and Hot Tub Heaters, Solar Equipment
Hutchinson Fiberglass Pools & Spas
Phone: (609) 361-0202
www.hutchisonpools.com
Fiberglass Pools, Spas, Cascades, Safety Covers, Lighting
Hydrotech Pool and Spa Products
Phone: (800) 959-7946
Algae and Spot Remover, Algaecides, Pool and
Spa Chemicals, Filter Cleaners
Industrial Test Systems, Inc.
Phone: (800) 861-9712
www.sensafe.com
Water Test Kits, Visual Water Test Strips, Digital
Water Testers
Inter-Fab, Inc.
Phone: (800) 737-5386
www.inter-fab.com
Benches, Water Garden/Ponds, Fountains,
Handrails, Waterfalls, Ladders, Slides
Intex Recreation Corp.
Phone: (800) 234-6839
www.intexcorp.com
Above-Ground Pools & Accessories, Inflatables,
Pool & Swim Toys, Pool Lounges, Pumps, Filters,
Jack’s Magic
Phone: (800) 348-1656
www.jacksmagic.com
Algae and Spot Remover, Algaecides, Chlorine
Removers, Rust Stains Removers, Concrete
Cleaners
Jacuzzi Pool Equipment
Phone: (866) 370-2664
Cartridge, D.E. Pressure, Gravel/Sand Filters,
Lights, Pump, Tanks
Kafco Manufacturing Limited
Phone: (888) 721-7665
www.kafko.com
Aluminum Coping, Pool Covers, Skimmer Baskets, Steps, Vinyl Liners
King Technology, Inc.
PHone: (800) 222-0169
www.kingtechnology.com
Floating Chemical Feeders, In-line Chemical
Feeders, Pool and Spa Chemicals, Chlorinators
KoolGrips LLC.
Phone: (877) 445-6654
www.koolgrips.com
Covers for Pool & Spa Handrails & Ladders
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47
Manufacturers and their contact information
Manufacturer
LaMotte Co.
Phone: (800) 344-3100
www.lamotte.com
Product Categories
Water Analysis Software, ORP Meters, pH Controls and Meters, TDS Meters, Test Kits, Labs
Latham Pool Products, Inc.
Phone: (800) 833-3800
www.lathampool.com
Fiberglass Pools, Vinyl Liner Pools, Steel Pools,
Polymer Pools, Above Ground Pools, Automatic
Pool Covers, Safety Covers, Pool Liners, Steps
Leisure Concepts
Phone: (800) 469-2428
www.leisureconcepts.com
Spa Cover Lifts, Spa Steps, Spa Covers, Spa
Accessories
Leisure Pools
Phone: 855-85-SPLASH
www.leisurepoolsonline.com
Fiberglass Pools, Pumps, Filters, Pool Covers,
Pool Cleaners, Lighting
Liberty Composite Pools
www.libertycompositepools.com
Fiberglass Pools, Pool Tile
Life Saver Pool Fence Systems, Inc.
Phone: (800) 282-3836
www.poolfence.com
Pool Alarms, Fences
Lifeguard Purification
Phone: (800) 678-7439
www.lifeguardsystems.com
Catalytic Purifiers, Programmable Controls, Ionizers, pH Adjusters, Controls, Meters
Lochinvar, LLC
Phone: (615) 889-8900
www.lochinvar.com
Pool & Spa Heaters, Boilers
LOOP-LOC, Ltd.
Phone: (800) 562-5667
www.looploc.com
Cover Fabrics, Pool Covers, Safety Covers
LoneStar Fiberglass Pools
Phone: (866) 471-6900
www.lonestarfiberglasspools.com
Fiberglass Pools, Pool Slides, Pool Games, Pool
Cleaners, Pumps, Filters, Feeders, Pool Tile
Maytronics Group
Phone: (888) 365-7446
www.maytronics.com
Robotic Pool Cleaners, Pool Covers, Pool Alarms
Mazzei Injector Corp.
Phone: (661) 363-6500
www.mazzei.com
Ozone Injectors, Venturi Injectors
48
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Manufacturers and their contact information
Manufacturer
Merlin Industries
Phone: (800) 289-1836
www.merlinindustries.com
Product Categories
Covers, Fences, Liners, Swim Training Equipment,
Safety Covers
Miami Filter
Phone: (888) 642-6482
www.miamifilter.com
Pool Filters, Commercial Pool Equipment
Micro Pure
Phone: (780) 452-1577
www.micropure.com
Filter Bags, Cartridges, Media, ZEOlite, First Aid
Equipment
N. Jonas and Co., Inc.
Phone: (800) 523-6533
www.njonas.com
Algae and Spot Remover, Algaecides, Antifreeze, Antiscale, Pool and Spa Chemicals
Natural Chemistry, Inc.
Phone: (203) 295-2300
www.natural chemistry.com
Pool and Spa Chemicals, controllers, Enzymes,
Test Kits
Oasis Pool Products
www.oasisswimmingpoolproducts.com
Steel Pools & Spas, Polymer Pools & Spas, Vinyl
Liners, Safety Covers, Automatic Covers, Pool
Ocean Reef Pools
www.oceanreefpools.com.au
Fiberglass Pools, Pumps, Filters, Heaters,
Cleaners, Lighting, Water Features, Sanitization
Pacific Industries, Inc.
Phone: (800) 833-3800
www.pacificpools.com
Aluminum Coping, PVC Coping, Pool Covers,
Walls, Safety Covers, Diving Towers and Stands,
Overflow Systems
Paramount Pool and Spa Systems
Phone: (800) 621-5886
www.1paramount.com
In-Floor Cleaning Systems, Purifiers, Lighting,
Automatic Skimmers
Pebble Technology, Inc.
Phone: (800) 937-5058
www.pebbletec.com
Chlorintors, Pool Coating and Finishes
Pentair Pool Products, Inc.
Phone: (800) 831-7133
www.pentairpool.com
Salt Water Chlorinators, Programmable Controls, Filters, Heat Pumps, Heaters, Pumps,
Lights, Skimmers
Plastimayd Corp.
Phone: (800) 348-2600
www.plastimayd.com
Vinyl Adhesives, PVC Coping, Domes, LIners,
Covers, Repair Kits
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49
Manufacturers and their contact information
Manufacturer
Product Categories
Polaris Pool Systems
Phone: (800) 348-2600
www.polarispoolsystems.com
Air Blowers, ,Automatic Pool Cleaners, Chemical
Controllers, Spa Chemicals, Chlorinators, Fountains, Spa Vacuums
Pool Cover Specialists Nat.’l, Inc.
Phone: (800) 369-5152
www.powertrackcovers.com
Covers, Cover-Revmoval Systems, Safety Covers, Spa Covers, Pumps
Pool Patch
Phone: 800-588-4008
www.poolpatch.com
Pool Plaster, Pebble, Tile, and Deck Repair Kits,
Pool Skimmers, Pool Cleaners, Automatic Pool
Brushes
Protect-A-Child Pool Fence Systems
Phone: (800) 992-2206
www.protectachild.com
Fences
Radiant Pools
Phone: (800) 723-4268
www.radiantpools.com
Above-Ground Pools, In-Ground Pools, Energy
Efficient Pools
Raypak, Inc.
Phone: (805) 278-5300
www.raypak.com
Electromechanical Controls, Heat Pumps, Heaters
Riviera Fiberglass Pools
www.rivierafiberglasspools.com
Fiberglass Pools, Pool Covers, Spas, Splash
Pads, Swim Spas, Swim Gyms
S.R. Smith
Phone: (888) 677-7776
www.srsmith.com
Anchor Sockets, Diving Stands, Boards and
Towers, Slides, Pool Toys and Games, Ladders,
Rail Goods
Saftron
Phone: (305) 233-5511
www.saftron.com
Pool & Spa Rails, Ladders, Safety & Exercise
Bars, Accessories
San Juan Products, Inc.
Phone: (800) 535-7946
www.sanjuanpools.com
Fiberglass Pools, Spa Shells, Spa Gelcoat, Swim
Spas
Sentry Pool, Inc.
Phone: (800) 443-8625
www.sentrypool.com
Aluminum Coping, PVC Coping, Pool Walls,
Swim Spas
Sharkline Pools
Phone: (631) 951-9800
www.sharkline.com
Above-Ground Pools, Liners, Decks, Ladders,
Fences
50
Copyright © 2014 | All Rights Reserved | ECOsmarte® Planet Friendly, Inc. | www.ecosmarte.com | 612-866-1200
Manufacturers and their contact information
Manufacturer
Silbrico Corp.
Phone: (800) 323-4287
www.silbrico.com
Product Categories
D.D. Alternative Filter Media, Perlite Filter Media
SmartPool, Inc.
Phone: (888) 560-7665
www.smartpool.com
Gate/Door Alarms, Pool Alarms, Solar Heaters,
Lights, Solar Equipment, Robotic Pool Cleaners
Speck Pumps
Phone: (800) 223-8538
www.usa.speck-pumps.com
Pool and Spa Equipment Packs, Spa Filters,
Swim Jets, Pumps, Skimmers, Multiport Valves
Splash SuperPools
Phone: (800) 927-7527
www.splashpools.com
Pool Decking, Ladders, Portable Pools and Spas
Splash-A-Round Pools
Phone: (909) 980-7709
www.splasharoundpools.com
Above-Ground Pools, Soft-Sided Pools, Spas, Automatic Pool Cleaners, Solar Heat Squares, Test
Kits, Skimmers, Pool Brushes, Thermometers
Sun Fiberglass Pools
Phone: 1-800-764-7946
www.sunpools.com
Fiberglass Pools
Sweep Fins
Phone: (800) 588-4008
www.sweepfins.com
Automatic Pool Brushes
Swimcraft, Inc.
Phone: (260) 665-3360
www.swimcraftinc.com
Fiberglass Pools, Pool Walls, Pool Steps
Swimline, Corp
www.swimline.com
In-Ground & Above-Ground Pool Liners, Pool
Covers, Winter Covers, Leaf Nets, Inflatables,
Toys & Games, Accessories
Thursday Pools
Phone: (877) 929-7665
www.thursdaypools.com
Fiberglass Pools
Trevi Pools, Inc.
Phone: (888) 777-0447
www.etrevi.com
Pool Liners, Walls
Canada’s Largest
Triology Pools
Phone: (931) 438-4744
www.trilogypools.com
Fiberglass Pools, Pool Covers, Pool Lighting
Copyright © 2014 | All Rights Reserved | ECOsmarte® Planet Friendly, Inc. | www.ecosmarte.com | 612-866-1200
51
Manufacturers and their contact information
Manufacturer
United Chemical Corp.
Phone: (800) 524-5550
www.swimpool.com
Product Categories
Pool Chemicals, Algaecides, Alkalines, Bromine,
Clarifiers, Filter Cleaners, pH Adjuster, Scale
Controls
Viking Pools, Inc.
Phone: (800) 854-7665
www.vikingpools.com
Fiberglass Pools, Spa Shells, Swim Spas
VynAll Pool Products
Phone: (800) 553-5320
www.vynall.com
Vinyl Liners
Water World Fiberglass Pools
Phone: (800) 596-6224
www.waterworldpools.us
Fiberglass Pools, Spas
Waterpik Technologies
Phone: (800) 227-1442
www.jandy.com
Chlorine Generators, Programmable Contros,
Filters, Heaters Lights, Valves, Waterfalls
Waterway Plastics
Phone: (805) 981-0261
www.waterwayplastics.com
Air Blowers, Filters, Injection Molding, Spa
Lights, Main Drains, Spa Jets, Pump, Skimmers
Watkins Manufacturing Corporation
Phone: (800) 999-4688 x8432
www.hotspring.com
Spas
Zeotech Corp.
Phone: (800) 575-7887
www.zeotechcorp.com
D.E. Alternative Filter Media, ZEOlite FIlter Media
Zodiac Pool Systems, Inc.
Phone: (800) 822-7933
www.zodiacpoolsystems.com
Pumps, Filters, Heaters, Automatic Pool Cleaners, Sanitizers, Lighting, Pool Covers, Valves,
Water Designs, Pool Accessories
52
Copyright © 2014 | All Rights Reserved | ECOsmarte® Planet Friendly, Inc. | www.ecosmarte.com | 612-866-1200
Apps
Photo
App Name
Description
Insta-Link
Water
Testing
Insta-Link is a free app that uses a
special pool test strip to help you
manage your pool. The app takes a
photo of the test strip, then tells you
exactly what chemicals you need to
add! No hardware needed, but the
test strips are available at the above
link.
Nimbus
Nimbus pool doctor helps users
Pool Doctor balance the chemicals in their pool,
and keeps a record of the treatments that they have completed
in the past. It is a simple app that
helps you as a pool owner balance
the chemistry of your pool.
Pool
Pool-Calculator does just what the
Calculator name implies! It does the complex
pool calculations for you. All you
need to do is input accurate information about your pool (size, chem
readings, etc) and it will tell you how
much of each chemical to use.
Pool Boy
Pool Boy Pro includes multiple calPro
culators, and charts so you can see
the change in readings over time.
Price
$0
Retail or
Interactive?
Wholesale?
Both
Yes
$9.99
Both
No
$4.99
Both
Yes
$2.99
Both
No
The Pool
Monitor
Free
Pool Monitor Free is a free app
(duh!) that helps you keep track of
your pool readings, and helps calculate the correct chemical inputs for
your pool.
$3.99
Both
Yes
NSPF Suite
of Apps
The National Swimming Pool Foundation has teamed up with inQ
Mobile Apps to release a suite of
iPhone apps for pool service operators. While a few of them can be
used by homeowners, most of them
are geared towards the pool service
professional.
$1.99$3.99
Wholesale
No
Few Retail
53
Apps
Photo
App Name
Description
Price
Pool Smart
Pool Smart includes a checklist for
managing your pool as well as a
chemical calculator that shows you
the exact amount of chemicals to
use.
$0.99
Swim
University
Shameless Plug: Did you know we
have an iPhone app that allows you
to read our wonderful and entertaining blog on-the-go or near your
pool? Well, we do! You can download it here :-)
$0
Both
No
$0 With
Balboa
Spa
Retail
Yes
$0
Retail
Yes
$0
Retail
Yes
free 10day trial
then
$9.99,
for
Android
Wholesale
Yes
Balboa Spa
The Balboa Spa Control app lets
Control App you control your supported spa from
Balboa. This app lets you directly
control everything from temperature
to filtration cycles. Note: This app
only works if you have a Balboa
brand system with Wifi, the list can
be found at the above link.
Zodiac
The Zodiac iAquaLink system is one
iAquaLink of the most advanced pool management devices on the planet. If your
pool has a Zodiac iAquaLink system
installed, you can use the mobile
app to manage everything about
your pool. Things like lights, pumps,
and temperature are easily changed
right from your smartphone or tablet.
Pentair
The Pentair ScreenLogic app works
Screenmuch like the Zodiac App but works
Logic
with the Pentair pump control
systems. It supports changing all of
your pool settings on the fly if you
have the supported Pentair pump
system.
Pool Pro
Pool Pro is another maintenance
app aimed at service techs. It has a
chemical calculator, route mapper
and a function that enables techs
from a company to sync their information.
54
Retail or
Interactive?
Wholesale?
Both
Yes
Purchase
Apps
Photo
App Name
Description
Price
Ecosmarte
Cloud
The ECOsmarte Cloud is designated
for users to monitor the status of
their swimming pools and other
devices while on the go. The cloud
will help in viewing and regulating pH and copper levels and keep
customers regularly updated. Includes how-to videos, an interactive
pool and spa help, startup/FAQ, and
more. Simple 5 minute set up
A popular app with service techs is
POOL360, from PoolCorp . This app
allows users to find out if a specific
item is in stock at their local SCP or
Superior store, and order the item.
For companies with more than one
tech, the account holder can administer the apps in a way that limits
each tech to certain functionalities,
such as the ability to order parts or
check pricing.
$0
Retail or
Interactive?
Wholesale?
Both
Yes
$0
Wholesale
PoolCorp
Yes
55
Web URLs
ECOsmarte Planet Friendly, Inc.
www.ecosmarte.com
Hayward Pool Products
www.hayward-pool.com
Inter-Fab, Inc.
www.interfab.com
Jacuzzi Pool Products
www.jacuzzipoolproducts.com
Jandy Pool Products, Inc.
www.jandypoolproducts.com
Merlin Industries
www.merlinindustries.com
Pentair Pool Products
www.pentairpool.com/poolproducts.htm
Plastimayd Corp
www.plastimayd.com
Protect-A-Child Pool Fence Systems
www.protectachild.com
S.R. Smith
www.srsmith.com
Sta-Rite
www.starite.com
The Pool Tool Co.
www.pooltoolco.com
Waterway Plastics
www.waterwayplastics.com
ZEOBrite
www.zeobrite.com
Zodiac Pool Systems
www.zodiacpoolsystems.com
56
Copyright © 2014 | All Rights Reserved | ECOsmarte® Planet Friendly, Inc. | www.ecosmarte.com | 612-866-1200
Toll-Free Support Lines
In this day of online emphasis. it may be difficult to bring your computer to the pool. The following toll-free support lines are offered by manufacturers to encourage successful pool ownership and safety.
American Association of Poison Control Centers
1-800-222-1222
ECOsmarte Planet Friendly, Inc.
1-800-IONSWIM (466-7946)
Glasspack Filter Media
1-800-466-7946
Hayward Pool Products
888-429-9273
Inter-Fab, Inc.
1-800-737-5386
Intex Pools Customer Service
1-800-234-6839
Pentair Pool Products
1-800-831-7133
Plastimayd Corp
800-348-2600
Protect-A-Child Fence Systems
800-992-2206
S.R. Smith
1-800-824-4387
Water Tech Corp’s Customer Experience Center
800-298-8800
Waterway Plastics
888-SPA-JETS
ZEOBrite
1-800-7877
Zodiac Pool Systems
800-822-7933
57
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