null  User manual
T R A N S F O R M I N G
T R A N S F O R M I N G
D A T A
D A T A
S T O R A G E
S T O R A G E
SF-2000 Family SSD Processors
New Enterprise and Industrial Products
October 2010
Michael Raam, CEO
Thad Omura, VP Marketing
Kent Smith, Sr. Dir, Product Marketing
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
Game-Changing SSD Silicon Technology
SandForce transforms data storage by pioneering the use of standard
flash memory in enterprise, client & industrial computing applications
with its innovative SSD Processors
RunCore Pro V
“…easily outperforms
Indilinx-based SSDs..”
OCZ Vertex 2
“…it has proven to be
one of the fastest
SSDs that we have
ever seen here…”
OCZ Vertex LE
“….quite literally the
fastest SSD we've tested
on a 3Gbps SATA…”
“…One word,
‘impressive.’”
Corsair Force F100
“As it sits right now, the
SF-1200 is one of the
fastest drives we have
ever tested….”
www.greentechmedia.com
Green IT Category
Only silicon company
recognized
March 2010
“These innovations can be truly disruptive and will accelerate the adoption of solid state
Mike Desens,
technologies across the data center.”
May 2, 2010
VP System Design
2
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
Company Profile
• Fabless silicon supplier for SSD OEMs
►
►
Founded December 2006, First Revenue Q1 2010
Business Model: SSD processor design & sales
• Enterprise-class NAND flash SSD Processors
►
►
►
Patented DuraClass™ Technology
Unprecedented reliability, performance, power efficiency
Enables most advanced NAND in SSD
• Solid financial position with leading investors
►
►
►
DCM, Storm, Translink, Canaan, LSI & leading storage companies
$25M Series D in September 2010
Total funding of $67M
• HQ in Saratoga, CA with 88 employees
3
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
Board of Dir
Exec Management
Management Team
4
President & CEO
Michael Raam
GM/VP AMCC, VP Mobilygen, VP Procket Networks
Chief Architect
Earl Cohen
CISCO, AuroraNetics, Amdahl, Key Computers
VP Business Dev
Steffen Hellmold
VP Mkt & BD Seagate, GM/VP Lexar, Dir. Samsung, Fujitsu
VP Operations
Ray Holzworth
VP Ops Magnum Semi, Transmeta, Triscend, AMD
VP H/W
Kamran Malik
VP Processor AMCC, VP Eng. HiFn, VP Eng. Nishan
VP Marketing
Thad Omura
VP Prod Mkt Mellanox, Motorola, Marvell, Galileo
VP Sales
Matt Ready
VP Sales eASIC, PLX, Opti, Genesis Micro
Corp Admin/HR
Steve Rowe
VP HR PDF Solutions, Trident Microsystems, OPTi, Olivetti
VP SW/FW
Andy Tomlin
Sr. FW Dir. SanDisk, Dir. F/W Quantum/Maxtor, IBM
Michael Raam
President & CEO
Carl Amdahl
DCM
Ryan Floyd
Storm Ventures
C.S. Park
Former CEO and Chairman of Maxtor & Hynix
S. 'Sundi' Sundaresh
Former President and CEO of Adaptec
Jackie Yang
Translink Capital
Eric Young
Canaan Partners
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
Commodity NAND Flash Conundrum for SSDs
GOOD: Rapidly declining $/Gb with orders-of-magnitude increases in performance
I/O Operations
Per Second
10s of Thousands
~
~
IOPS
and
IOPS per Watt
Couple Hundred
Source: http://www.zacks.com/images/upload_dir/1243446699_scaled_425.jpg
BAD: Even faster decline of endurance, data retention and flash reliability
Getting Worse
Data Retention
(Years)
P/E Cycles (000s)
80
60
40
20
Bit Error Rate After
Correction
10
100
8
6
4
2
1.E-20
1.E-15
1.E-10
1.E-05
1.E+00
0
0
SLC
MLC
Next Gen
1.E+00 1.E-01 1.E-02 1.E-03
P/E Cycles over Time
Flash raw Bit Error Rate
Billion Dollar Question: How can commodity flash be used reliably in the enterprise?
5
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
Solution Provider
SSD Processors
Firmware
Tools
• Enterprise
• Industrial
• Client
• Manufacturing
• Diagnostics
• Toolbox
• Mass Production
• BIST
• FW Update
Turnkey
Reference
Designs
• 2.5” Enterprise SATA
• 2.5” Enterprise SAS
• 2.5” Client SATA
• MO297 SATA
• Schematics
• BOM
• Layout
Documentation
and Support
• Software Reference
Manual
• Hardware Reference
Manual
• Whitepapers
• Application notes
• Diagnostic Manufacturing
• Jira issue tracking
• Automated document
distribution system
Fast time to market, enabling broad adoption
6
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
Solution: DuraClass™ Technology
• World Class SSD Technology
►
Reliability - RAISE™
• RAID-like protection on a single SSD
• Reduced Field Failures and Returns
►
Endurance - DuraWrite™
• Optimize MLC endurance in I/O Intensive
Applications with Data Intelligence
►
Performance
• Sustained Balanced High R/W Performance
• Superior Application Performance & User Experience
• In-line AES Encryption with TCG Enterprise support
►
Power Consumption
• Revolutionary IOPS/Watt for mixed workloads
Highly Differentiated SSD Processors For Volume SSD Deployment
7
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
Key Changes in SF-2000 Family
New Enterprise and Industrial Product Lines
•
Performance
►
►
►
•
Security
►
•
►
►
Enhanced ECC with BCH and 55 bits/512 byte sector
Power Management
►
8
3xnm & 2xnm SLC, MLC, eMLC
Asych/Toggle/ONFi2 interfaces
Up to 166MT
Reliability
►
•
520, 524, 528, 4K+DIF
Continued multi-vendor Flash memory support
►
•
TCG Enterprise with AES-256/128 and double encryption
SAS-bridge support for non-512 byte sectors
►
•
6Gb/s SATA III
60K IOPS Random Read and Write (4K transfers)
500 MB/s Sequential Read and Write
Power/Performance Throttling
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
SF-2000 Family of SSD Processors
DuraClass™ Technology
SMART
DuraWrite™
SATA III, 6Gb/s
Intelligent
Wear
Leveling
Recycler
CPU
Read
Disturb
RAISE™
I2C, RS-232,
GPIO, JTAG
NAND Interface
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Command
AES-256/128
TCG
Enterprise
No External DRAM
ATA & TCG Enterprise Security
Trim Command Support
Flash Life Performance Throttling
Power Performance Throttling
Temperature Management
Non-512B sector support
►
►
•
Transport
PHY
Link
NCQ up to 32
Ideal for SAS deployment
520, 524, 528…, 4K+DIF
14x14mm 400-TFBGA (16 byte lanes)
•
55b/512
BCH
ECC Engine
Buffer
SF-2600
Enterprise SAS
6Gb SATA
Non-512Byte
SF-2500
Enterprise
6Gb SATA
SERVERS
STORAGE
SYSTEMS
BLADES
0.65mm ball pitch
BOLD = New for SF-2000 vs SF-1000
9
• Toggle, ONFI 2
• Up to 166MT/s
• 8 ch / 16 byte lanes
• 3x, 2xnm
• SLC / MLC / eMLC
• Up to 512GB
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
SF-2300
Industrial
6Gb SATA
Industrial Temp
EMBEDDED
SYSTEMS
MILITARY
Performance
SF-1565 Actual vs. SF-2000 Estimates
Micron 34 – cMLC – Sustained
Performance (up to)
Seq Read MB/s (seq pre)
Seq Write MB/s (seq pre)
Ran Read IOPS (ran pre)
Ran 70/30 IOPS
Ran 50/50 IOPS
Ran Write IOPS (ran pre)
SF-1565
Actual
272
264
29,587
29,823
28,267
27,301
SF-2xxx Projected
Estimated
% Inc.
500
84%
500
89%
60,000
103%
60,000
101%
60,000
112%
60,000
120%
SF-1565: 200GB (256GB physical) capacity, 28% OP, 3.0.5 (MP1) Firmware
SF-2xxx: 200GB (256GB physical) capacity, 28% OP, ONFI 2 (166MT/s)
10
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
SF-2000 Security Enhancements
•
►
NAND Flash Media
AES-128 CTR
SATA
AES-256/128 XTS
DATA
Core
Firmware
AES-128 engine in CTR mode
►
•
AES-256 engine in XTS mode
►
►
►
►
•
Security
Module
•
•
OTP
(Fuse)
RNG
►
►
11
NIST approved XTS Jan 2010
4+1 ranges with associated different keys
Simultaneous access to multiple bands w/o key
reloading
Hardware-assisted shadow MBR (master boot
record)
Fuse-based OTP (one time programming memory)
for unique master key
Hardware non-deterministic random number
generator
Firmware modules
►
•
Back-end security, IP protection
Always on with unique key
FW X9.31 deterministic random number generator
FW SHA-256 for signature verification
FW PKCS#1 digital signature verification of the
download image
FIPS-197 certification of AES engines
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
Market-Wide Adoption of SandForce Driven SSDs
CLOUD
COMPUTING
SERVERS
LAPTOPS
EMBEDDED
SYSTEMS
PCs
MILITARY
STORAGE
SYSTEMS
ENTERPRISE
CLIENT
INDUSTRIAL
Other OEMs & Manufacturers
12
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
SSD Technology & Market Leadership
•
Accelerating SSD adoption in Enterprise, Client & Industrial Markets
►
►
►
•
Leverage multi-vendor, commodity flash economies of scale
Best Enterprise performance, price/performance & efficiency
Award-winning Client SSD Processors shipping in high volume
DuraClass Technology is proven to address key flash issues
►
►
►
•
Unprecedented reliability with MLC-based enterprise SSDs
Superior performance over the life of the drive
Unmatched power efficiency
Extensive roadmap for next generation flash & interfaces
►
►
►
13
Newest 2nd generation product will further market leadership in 2H 2010
Shrinking geometries, 3 & 4-bit per cell technologies
6Gb/s SATA, SAS, PCI Express, USB 3.0 and others
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
T R A N S F O R M I N G
14
D A T A
S T O R A G E
Thank You!
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
T R A N S F O R M I N G
D A T A
S T O R A G E
Other Background Information
15
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
MLC Required for Volume Enterprise Adoption
•
Standard controller solutions
►
►
►
►
Expensive SLC Flash
Greater levels of over-provisioning to enable
Enterprise duty cycles
Requires production firmware development
DRAM (up to $10 and increasing!)
SLC Drive Cost
Firmware
•
SandForce SSD Processors
►
►
►
►
Dramatic cost savings with MLC
Enterprise reliability & duty cycles
Includes production firmware
No DRAM
•
•
•
•
Simplified power fail circuitry
Small form factor designs
Lower power consumption
Lower BOM cost
DRAM
SandForce
MLC Drive Cost
SLC Flash
~$800
128GB SLC vs. MLC
Drive Cost Comparison
Fixed Costs
PCBA, etc.
16
MLC Flash
~$250
Fixed Costs
PCBA, etc.
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
The Power of RAISE™ – Improved Reliability
• Correctable Errors
SSD can fix flash errors and return
valid data
Solution: Error Correction Engine
w/55 bits per 512 Bytes
►
• Uncorrectable Errors
SSD detects an error, can’t return
valid data
Solution: RAISE™ Protection
UBER
~10-29
Silent
Errors
►
Uncorrectable
Errors
• Silent Errors
SSD doesn’t detect an error, returns
invalid data
Solution: End-to-End CRC Protection
UBER
~10-15
►
Correctable
Errors
Nearly One Quadrillion times fewer
uncorrectable errors
17
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
Correctable
Errors
RAISE™ Improves Total SSD Reliability
• RAISE™: Redundant Array of Independent Silicon Elements
►
►
Data protection beyond ECC
Benefit of RAID without additional write overhead
100%
Probability of Failure
Up to 16
parts/SSD
Up to 8 die/part
80%
Standard Controller
60%
40%
20%
> 1000 PPM
failure rate per die
SandForce SF-1500
0%
0
5 year
Cumulative
Failure Rate
18
Standard
UBER=1x10-15
Advanced
UBER=1x10-16
SandForce
UBER=1x10-17
99.60%
45.82%
0.00%
50
100
150
200
250
300
Terabytes Read
Assumptions
• JEDEC Enterprise App Class 1 (proposed)
• 200GB capacity, 4GB MLC die
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
The Power of DuraWrite™
Optimize Endurance, Performance, Data Retention & Power Consumption
Write Amplification
►
►
Key Indicator to Predict Lifetime
Industry Typical ≈ 10
•
►
•
450,000
Block based, random + seq I/O
►
►
350,000
SandForce Typical ≈ 0.5
What helps Write Amplification
►
400,000
Page Based Volume Manager
Data Intelligence
Trim (e.g. Win7)
300,000
Flash Cycles
•
250,000
200,000
150,000
100,000
•
What hurts Write Amplification
►
►
►
Block Based Volume Manager
Background Garbage Collection
OS Misalignment
50,000
0
2000
4000
TeraBytes Written
SSDs follow this simple life equation:
Flash Endurance * Capacity
= SSD Total Life
Write Speed * D/C * Write % * Write Amp
19
6000
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
8000
10000
The Power of DuraWrite™
Minimize Write Amplification
• Measured data
showed WA < 0.5
30
Included executables
and CAB files
Host
Writes
25GB
25
GigaBytes
►
Windows Vista OS Install +
Office 2007 Install
20
Flash
Writes
11GB
15
10
5
Flash Write
= Write Amplification
0
Host Write
Time
Measured On:
Intel® Core™ 2 Duo CPU E8500 @ 3.16GHz, G45/G43 Express Chipset (ICH10R)
20
Host Write
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
Flash Write
Dramatic Enterprise System Advantages
First Large Scale System Benchmark (TPC-C) with MLC-based SSDs
• 60 SandForce eMLC-based SSDs
►
10.6 Terabytes of Solid State Storage
• IBM Power® 780, 8-core, two-socket system
• OLTP (online transaction processing) benchmark
►
►
►
Total system performance & cost
Performance in Transactions per minute (tpmC)
System Price/performance in $/tpmC
Benchmark
tpmC
tpmC/CPU core
$/tpmC
21
Comparison to Next
Leading System
Impact
1,200,011
81% higher
MEAN
Highest total performance
of all 8-core systems
150,000
~50% higher
$0.69
36% better
(661,475)
(101,116)
GREEN
Highest efficiency
of all systems benchmarked
($1.08)
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
LEAN
Best price/performance
of all 8-core systems
IBM’s #1 TPC-C Benchmark Uses SandForce!
8/17/2010: Highest Reported TPC-C Benchmark of ALL TIME
•
672 SandForce-based 1.8” SSDs
►
•
•
•
System availability 10/13/2010
$14.3M System Cost
$18M for Sun/Oracle System Cost
►
•
tpmC
$/tpmC
22
HDD only
Previous IBM TPC-C benchmark
►
Benchmark
177GB eMLC per SSD, ~120TB!
60 SSDs, 8 cores, $825K
Comparison to Next Leading
System (Sun/Oracle)
10.366M
36% higher
192 cores
(7.646M, 384 cores)
$1.38
41% lower
($2.36)
Public Disclosure Embargo until October 7, 2010 – 06:30 (AM) PDT
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