This manual should be considered a permanent part

This manual should be considered a permanent part

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This manual should be considered a permanent part of the motorcycle and should remain with the motorcycle when it is resold.

This publication includes the latest production information available before printing. Honda

Motor Co., Ltd. reserves the right to make changes at any time without notice and without incurring any obligation.

No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission.

2003 Honda Motor Co., Ltd.

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2004

Honda CB250

NIGHTHAWK

OWNER’S MANUAL

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Introduction

Congratulations on choosing your Honda motorcycle.

When you own a Honda, you’re part of a worldwide family of satisfied customers

− people who appreciate Honda’s reputation for building quality into every product.

Before riding, take time to get acquainted with your motorcycle and how it works.

To protect your investment, we urge you to take responsibility for keeping your motorcycle well maintained. Scheduled service is a must, of course. But it’s just as important to observe the break-in guidelines, and perform all pre-ride and other periodic checks detailed in this manual.

Introduction

We also recommend that you read this owner’s manual before you ride. It’s full of facts, instructions, safety information, and helpful tips. To make it easy to use, the manual contains a detailed list of topics at the beginning of each section, and both an in-depth table of contents and an index at the back of the book.

As you read this manual, you will find information that is preceded by a symbol. This information is intended to help you avoid damage to your

Honda, other property, or the environment.

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Read the Warranties Booklet (page thoroughly so you understand the

189 coverages that protect your new Honda and are aware of your rights and responsibilities.

)

If you have any questions, or if you ever need special service or repairs, remember that your Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best and is dedicated to your complete satisfaction.

Please report any change of address or ownership to your Honda dealer so we will be able to contact you concerning important production information.

Introduction

You may also want to visit our website at www.honda.com.

Happy riding!

California Proposition 65 Warning

WARNING:

This product contains or emits chemicals known to the State of

California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.

Introduction

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A Few Words About Safety

Your safety, and the safety of others, is very important. And operating this motorcycle safely is an important responsibility.

To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures and other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential hazards that could hurt you or others.

Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all hazards associated with operating or maintaining a motorcycle. You must use your own good judgment.

You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:

Safety Labels

–– on the motorcycle.

Safety Messages

–– preceded by a safety alert symbol and one of three signal words:

DANGER, WARNING,

or

CAUTION

.

These signal words mean:

Safety Messages

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A Few Words About Safety

You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t follow instructions.

You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t follow instructions.

You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow instructions.

Safety Headings

–– such as Important Safety Reminders or Important Safety Precautions.

Safety Section

–– such as Motorcycle Safety.

Instructions

–– how to use this motorcycle correctly and safely.

This entire manual is filled with important safety information –– please read it carefully.

Safety Messages

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Contents

These pages give an overview of the contents of your owner’s manual. The first page of each section lists the topics covered in that section.

Motorcycle Safety ..............................

.

Important safety information you should know, plus a look at the safetyrelated labels on your motorcycle.

1

Instruments & Controls ....................

.

The location and function of indicators and controls on your motorcycle and operating instructions for various controls and features.

9

Before Riding .....................................

.

23

The importance of wearing a helmet and other protective gear, how to make sure you and your motorcycle are ready to ride, and important information about loading.

Basic Operation & Riding ................

.

How to start and stop the engine, shift

33

gears, and brake. Also, riding precautions and important information about riding with a passenger or cargo.

Contents

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Servicing Your Honda ......................

.

Why your motorcycle needs regular

49

maintenance, what you need to know before servicing your Honda, an owner maintenance schedule, and instructions for specific maintenance and adjustment items.

Tips ......................................................

.

133

How to store and transport your motorcycle and how to be an environmentally-responsible rider.

Taking Care of the Unexpected .......

.

141

What to do if you have a flat tire, your engine won’t start, etc.

Contents

Technical Information ......................

.

ID numbers, technical specifications, and other technical facts.

163

Consumer Information .....................

.

185

Information on warranties, emission controls, how to get Honda service manuals, and...

‘‘Reporting Safety Defects’’ ........

.

194

Table of Contents ..............................

.

196

Sequential listing of topics in this owner’s manual.

Index ....................................................

.

200

Quick Reference

Handy facts about fuel, engine oil, tire sizes, and air pressures.

Contents

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This section presents some of the most important information and recommendations to help you ride your motorcycle safely. Please take a few moments to read these pages. This section also includes information about the location of safety labels on your motorcycle.

Motorcycle Safety

Important Safety Information .................

. 2

Accessories & Modifications ..................

. 5

Safety Labels ...........................................

. 7

Motorcycle Safety

1

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Important Safety Information

Your motorcycle can provide many years of service and pleasure − if you take responsibility for your own safety and understand the challenges you can meet while riding.

There is much that you can do to protect yourself when you ride. You’ll find many helpful recommendations throughout this manual. The following are a few that we consider most important.

Always Wear a Helmet

It’s a proven fact: helmets significantly reduce the number and severity of head injuries. So always wear an approved motorcycle helmet and make sure your passenger does the same. We also recommend that you wear eye protection, sturdy boots, gloves, and other protective gear (page 24 ).

2

Motorcycle Safety

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Take Time to Learn & Practice

Even if you have ridden other motorcycles, take time to become familiar with how this motorcycle works and handles.

Practice in a safe area until you build your skills and get accustomed to the motorcycle’s size and weight.

Because many accidents involve inexperienced or untrained riders, we urge all riders to take a certified course approved by the Motorcycle Safety

Foundation (MSF). See page 26 .

Ride Defensively

The most frequent motorcycle collision happens when a car turns left in front of a motorcycle. Another common situation is a car moving suddenly into your lane.

Important Safety Information

Always pay attention to other vehicles around you, and do not assume that other drivers see you. Be prepared to stop quickly or make an evasive maneuver. For other riding tips, see the booklet,

You and

Your Motorcycle: Riding Tips and

Practice Guide,

which came with your new motorcycle.

Make Yourself Easy to See

Some drivers do not see motorcycles because they are not looking for them. To make yourself more visible, wear bright reflective clothing, position yourself so other drivers can see you, signal before turning or changing lanes, and use your horn when it will help others notice you.

Motorcycle Safety

3

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Important Safety Information

Ride within Your Limits

Pushing limits is another major cause of motorcycle accidents. Never ride beyond your personal abilities or faster than conditions warrant. Remember that alcohol, drugs, fatigue, and inattention can significantly reduce your ability to make good judgments and ride safely.

Don’t Drink and Ride

Alcohol and riding don’t mix. Even one drink can reduce your ability to respond to changing conditions, and your reaction time gets worse with every additional drink. So don’t drink and ride, and don’t let your friends drink and ride either.

Keep Your Honda in Safe Condition

It’s important to keep your motorcycle properly maintained and in safe riding condition. To help avoid problems, inspect your motorcycle before every ride and perform all recommended maintenance.

Never exceed load limits (page 31 ), and do not modify your motorcycle (page

6

) or install accessories that would make your motorcycle unsafe (page

5

).

4

Motorcycle Safety

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Modifying your motorcycle or using non-

Honda accessories can make your motorcycle unsafe. Before you consider making any modifications or adding an accessory, be sure to read the following information.

Improper accessories or modifications can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Follow all instructions in this owner’s manual regarding accessories and modifications.

Accessories & Modifications

Accessories

We strongly recommend that you use only genuine Honda accessories that have been specifically designed and tested for your motorcycle. Because Honda cannot test all other accessories, you must be personally responsible for proper selection, installation, and use of non-Honda accessories.

Check with your Honda dealer for assistance and always follow these guidelines:

Make sure the accessory does not obscure any lights, reduce ground clearance and lean angle, limit suspension travel or steering travel, alter your riding position, or interfere with operating any controls.

Motorcycle Safety

5

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Accessories & Modifications

Do not install any fairing or windshield unless it was designed and tested by

Honda for your motorcycle. Some fairings or windshields, even smaller ones, can cause unstable handling of your motorcycle. This is especially true if the fairing or windshield is poorly designed or improperly mounted.

Do not add any electrical equipment that will exceed the motorcycle’s electrical system capacity (page 172 ).

A blown fuse can cause a loss of lights or engine power (page 156 ).

Do not pull a trailer or sidecar with your motorcycle. This motorcycle was not designed for these attachments, and their use can seriously impair your motorcycle’s handling.

Modifications

We strongly advise you not to remove any original equipment or modify your motorcycle in any way that would change its design or operation. Such changes could seriously impair your motorcycle’s handling, stability, and braking, making it unsafe to ride.

Removing or modifying your lights, exhaust system, emission control system, or other equipment can also make your motorcycle illegal.

6

Motorcycle Safety

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Safety Labels

Safety labels on your motorcycle either warn you of potential hazards that could cause serious injury or they provide important safety information. Read these labels carefully and don’t remove them.

If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda dealer for a replacement.

Motorcycle Safety

7

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Safety Labels

8

Motorcycle Safety

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This section shows the location of all gauges, indicators, and controls you would normally use before or while riding your motorcycle.

The items listed on this page are described in this section. Instructions for other components are presented in other sections of this manual where they will be most useful.

Instruments & Controls

Component Locations ...........................

. 10

Indicators ...............................................

. 13

Controls & Features

Fuel Valve ..........................................

. 17

Choke Knob .......................................

. 17

Ignition Switch ..................................

. 18

Start Button ........................................

. 19

Engine Stop Switch ...........................

. 19

Headlight Dimmer Switch ................

. 20

Turn Signal Switch ............................

. 20

Horn Button .......................................

. 21

Tripmeter Reset Knob .......................

. 21

Instruments & Controls

9

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Component Locations

speedometer rearview mirror choke knob ignition switch indicators rearview mirror clutch lever front brake lever headlight dimmer switch horn button turn signal switch fuel fill cap

10

Instruments & Controls

engine stop switch start button throttle grip

03/08/21 09:59:08 31KPJ630_020 tool kit compartment battery

Component Locations

steering lock passenger footpeg footpeg rear brake pedal oil filler cap/dipstick

Instruments & Controls

11

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Component Locations

fuel valve air cleaner owner’s manual storage helmet holder/ seat release

12

shift lever

Instruments & Controls

side stand footpeg passenger footpeg

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The indicators on your motorcycle keep you informed, alert you to possible problems, and make your riding safer and more enjoyable. Refer to the indicators frequently. Their functions are described on the following pages.

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)

Indicators

(1) speedometer

(2) odometer

(3) gear range indicator

(4) neutral indicator

(5) side stand indicator

(6) turn signal indicator

(7) high beam indicator

(8) tripmeter

Odometer & tripmeter read in miles.

(8)

Instruments & Controls

13

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Indicators

Lamp Check

When applicable, the high beam, neutral, and side stand indicators come on when you turn the ignition switch ON and remain on until you select the low beam, shift out of neutral, or raise the side stand.

If one of these indicators does not come on when it should, have your Honda dealer check for burned-out bulbs or other problems.

14

Instruments & Controls

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1

2

3

4

5 speedometer odometer gear range indicator neutral indicator (green) side stand indicator

(amber)

Indicators

Shows riding speed in miles per hour.

Shows the total miles ridden.

Shows proper speed range for each gear.

Lights when the transmission is in neutral.

Lights when the side stand is put down − to indicate that the side stand ignition cut-off system (page 35 ) is activated.

Instruments & Controls

15

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Indicators

6

7

8 turn signal indicator

(amber) high beam indicator

(blue) tripmeter

Flashes when either turn signal operates.

Lights when the headlight is on high beam.

Shows the number of miles ridden since you last reset the meter. To zero (0) the tripmeter, turn the tripmeter reset knob.

16

Instruments & Controls

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Fuel Valve

(1)

(1) fuel valve

The three-way fuel valve is used to control the flow of fuel from the fuel tank to the carburetors.

ON − normal position for riding.

OFF

− for parking, storing, or transportation.

RES

− for extra fuel to get to a gas station for refueling.

Controls & Features

For complete information about fueling your motorcycle, see page 73 .

Choke Knob

LEFT FRONT

(1)

( A )

( B )

(1) choke knob (A) fully on

(B) fully off

The choke knob may be used when starting the engine. See page 36 .

Instruments & Controls

17

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Controls & Features

Ignition Switch

The ignition switch is used for starting and stopping the engine (page 35 ). The ignition key is also used to lock the steering for theft prevention (page 44 ).

Insert the key and turn it to the right for the ON position.

Key Position

ON

OFF

( )

Function

Electrical circuits on.

No electrical circuits function.

FRONT

OFF

(1) ignition switch

ON

( )

(1)

18

Instruments & Controls

03/08/21 10:00:24 31KPJ630_028

Start Button

engine. Pushing the button in starts the engine. See

Starting Procedure,

page 36 .

When the start button is pushed, the starter motor will crank the engine; the headlight will automatically go out, but the taillight will stay on.

Controls & Features

Engine Stop Switch

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

(2)

(1)

(1) start button

(2) engine stop switch the engine in an emergency. To operate, push the switch to the OFF position. The switch must be in the RUN position to start the engine, and it should normally remain in the RUN position even when the engine is OFF.

(cont’d)

Instruments & Controls

19

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Controls & Features

If your motorcycle is stopped with the ignition switch ON and the engine stop switch OFF, the headlight and taillight will remain on, resulting in battery discharge.

Headlight Dimmer Switch

to change between the high and low beams of the headlight. To operate, turn the switch to HI for high beam, LO for low beam.

Turn Signal Switch

a turn or a lane change. To operate, move the switch all the way in the proper direction and release it. The appropriate turn signal lights will start blinking.

Remember to return the switch to the center (off) after completing your turn or lane change.

(1)

(2)

(3)

(1) headlight dimmer switch

(2) turn signal switch (3) horn button

20

Instruments & Controls

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Horn Button

The horn is used to alert other motorists.

Tripmeter Reset Knob

tripmeter to zero (0) by turning the knob in the direction shown.

(4)

Controls & Features

(4) tripmeter reset knob

Instruments & Controls

21

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22

Instruments & Controls

03/08/21 10:00:51 31KPJ630_032

Before each ride, you need to make sure you and your Honda are both ready to ride.

To help get you prepared, this section discusses how to evaluate your riding readiness, what items you should check on your motorcycle, and adjustments to make for your comfort, convenience, or safety.

This section also includes important information about loading.

For information about adjusting the suspension on your Honda, see page 98 .

Before Riding

Are You Ready to Ride

.....................

. 24

Protective Apparel .............................

. 24

Rider Training ...................................

. 26

Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride ? ...

. 27

Pre-ride Inspection ............................

. 27

Load Limits & Guidelines .....................

. 30

Loading ..............................................

. 30

Load Limits .......................................

. 31

Loading Guidelines ...........................

. 31

Before Riding

23

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Are You Ready to Ride?

Before you ride your motorcycle for the first time, we urge you to:

Read this owner’s manual.

Make sure you understand all the safety messages.

Know how to operate all the controls.

Before each ride, be sure:

You feel well and are in good physical and mental condition.

You are wearing an approved motorcycle helmet (with chin strap tightened securely), eye protection, and other protective clothing.

You don’t have any alcohol or drugs in your system.

Make sure your passenger is ready to ride, too, and is wearing proper gear including a helmet.

24

Before Riding

If you must carry an extra helmet while riding, use a commercially-available elastic cord, strap, or net to secure the helmet to the seat.

Protective Apparel

For your safety, we strongly recommend that you always wear an approved motorcycle helmet, eye protection, boots, gloves, long pants, and a long-sleeved shirt or jacket whenever you ride.

Although complete protection is not possible, wearing proper gear can reduce the chance of injury when you ride.

Following are suggestions to help you choose the proper gear.

03/08/21 10:01:10 31KPJ630_034

Are You Ready to Ride?

Helmets and Eye Protection

Your helmet is your most important piece of riding gear because it offers the best protection against head injuries. A helmet should fit your head comfortably and securely. A bright-colored helmet and reflective strips can make you more noticeable in traffic.

An open-face helmet offers some protection, but a full-face helmet offers more. Regardless of the style, look for a

DOT (Department of Transportation) sticker in any helmet you buy. Always wear a face shield or goggles to protect your eyes and help your vision.

Not wearing a helmet increases the chance of serious injury or death in a crash.

Be sure you and your passenger always wear a helmet, eye protection, and other protective apparel when you ride.

Additional Riding Gear

In addition to a helmet and eye protection, we also recommend:

Sturdy boots with non-slip soles to help protect your feet and ankles.

Leather gloves to help protect your hands.

(cont’d)

Before Riding

25

03/08/21 10:01:17 31KPJ630_035

Are You Ready to Ride?

A motorcycle riding suit or jacket for comfort as well as protection.

Bright-colored and reflective clothing can help make you more noticeable in traffic. Avoid loose clothes that could get caught on any part of your motorcycle.

Rider Training

Developing your riding skills is an ongoing process. Even if you have ridden other motorcycles, take time to become familiar with how this motorcycle works and handles. Practice riding the motorcycle in a safe area to build your skills. Do not ride in traffic until you get accustomed to the motorcycle’s controls, and feel comfortable with its size and weight.

26

Before Riding

We urge all riders to take a certified course approved by the Motorcycle Safety

Foundation (MSF). New riders should start with the basic course, and even experienced riders will find the advanced course beneficial. For information about the MSF training course nearest you, call the national toll-free number: (800) 446-

9227.

Other riding tips can be found in the

Riding Tips

booklet that came with your motorcycle.

03/08/21 10:01:27 31KPJ630_036

Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?

Before each ride, it’s important to inspect your motorcycle and make sure any problem you find is corrected. A pre-ride inspection is a must, not only for safety, but because having a breakdown, or even a flat tire, can be a major inconvenience.

Improperly maintaining this motorcycle or failing to correct a problem before riding can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Always perform a pre-ride inspection before every ride and correct any problems.

Pre-ride Inspection

Check the following items before you get on the motorcycle:

Tires

Chain

Look at the tires. If a tire appears low, use an air pressure gauge to check its pressure. Also look for signs of excessive wear

(page 104 ) or damage to the tires, rims, or spokes.

Check the condition of the chain.

Adjust slack and lubricate as needed (page 115 ).

Before Riding

(cont’d)

27

03/08/21 10:01:37 31KPJ630_037

Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?

Leaks,

Loose

Parts

Lights

Walk around your motorcycle and look for anything that appears unusual, such as a leak or loose cable.

Make sure the headlight, brake light, taillight, and turn signals are working properly.

If you are carrying a passenger or cargo, also check the following:

Load Limits

Make sure you do not exceed the load limits

(page 31 ).

Cargo

Check that all cargo is secure.

Adjustments

Adjust the rear suspension

(page 98 your load.

) according to

28

Before Riding

03/08/21 10:01:46 31KPJ630_038

Check these items after you get on the motorcycle:

Throttle

Rotate the throttle to check it moves smoothly without binding.

Brakes

Indicators

Pull the brake lever and press on the brake pedal to check that they operate normally.

Turn the ignition on and check for normal operation of the indicators (page 13 ).

Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?

If you haven’t ridden the motorcycle in over a week, you should also check other items, such as the oil level and other fluids.

See

Periodic Maintenance

(page 56 ).

Periodic maintenance should also be done at least once a month, no matter how often you ride.

Remember, be sure to take care of any problem you find, or have your Honda dealer correct it before you ride.

Before Riding

29

03/08/21 10:01:53 31KPJ630_039

Load Limits & Guidelines

Your motorcycle has been designed to carry you and one passenger. When you carry a passenger, you may feel some difference during acceleration and braking.

But so long as you keep your motorcycle well-maintained, with good tires and brakes, you can safely carry loads within the given limits and guidelines.

However, exceeding the weight limit or carrying an unbalanced load can seriously impair your motorcycle’s handling, braking, and stability. Non-Honda accessories, improper modifications, and poor maintenance can also reduce your safety margin.

Loading

How much weight you put on your motorcycle, and how you load it, are important to your safety. Anytime you ride with a passenger or cargo, you should be aware of the following information.

Overloading or improper loading can cause a crash and you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Follow all load limits and other loading guidelines in this manual.

30

Before Riding

03/08/21 10:02:03 31KPJ630_040

Load Limits

Following are the load limits for your motorcycle:

maximum weight capacity:

352 lbs (160 kg) includes the weight of the rider, passenger, all cargo, and all accessories.

maximum cargo weight:

30 lbs (14 kg)

The weight of added accessories will reduce the maximum cargo weight you can carry.

Load Limits & Guidelines

Loading Guidelines

Your motorcycle is primarily intended for transporting you and a passenger. You may wish to secure a jacket or other small items to the seat when you are not riding with a passenger.

If you wish to carry more cargo, check with your Honda dealer for advice, and be sure to read the information regarding accessories on page 5 .

Improperly loading your motorcycle can affect its stability and handling. Even if your motorcycle is properly loaded, you should ride at reduced speeds and never exceed 80 mph (130 km/h) when carrying cargo.

Before Riding

31

03/08/21 10:02:11 31KPJ630_041

Load Limits & Guidelines

Follow these guidelines whenever you carry a passenger or cargo:

Check that both tires are properly inflated (page 107 ).

If you change your normal load, you may need to adjust the rear suspension

(page 99 ).

To prevent loose items from creating a hazard, make sure that all cargo is tied down securely before you ride.

Place cargo weight as low and close to the center of your motorcycle as possible.

Balance cargo weight evenly on both sides.

Do not attach large or heavy items (such as a sleeping bag or tent) to the handlebar, forks, or fender.

32

Before Riding

03/08/21 10:02:17 31KPJ630_042

This section gives basic riding instructions, including how to start and stop your engine, and how to use the throttle, clutch, and brakes. It also provides important information on riding with a passenger or cargo.

To protect your new engine and enjoy optimum performance and service life, refer to Break-in Guidelines (page 175 ).

For information about carburetor adjustment for riding at high altitude, see page 176 .

Basic Operation & Riding

Safe Riding Precautions ........................

. 34

Starting & Stopping the Engine ............

. 35

Preparation .........................................

. 35

Starting Procedure .............................

. 36

Flooded Engine ..................................

. 38

How to Stop the Engine ....................

. 39

Shifting Gears ........................................

. 40

Braking ..................................................

. 42

Parking ...................................................

. 44

Riding with a Passenger or Cargo .........

. 47

Basic Operation & Riding

33

03/08/21 10:02:22 31KPJ630_043

Safe Riding Precautions

Before riding your motorcycle for the first time, please review the

Motorcycle Saf ety

section beginning on page 1, and the

Bef ore Riding

section beginning on page

23

.

Even if you have ridden other motorcycles, take time to become familiar with how this motorcycle works and handles.

Practice in a safe area until you build your skills and get accustomed to the motorcycle’s size and weight.

34

Basic Operation & Riding

03/08/21 10:02:31 31KPJ630_044

Always follow the proper starting procedure described below.

For your safety, avoid starting or operating the engine in an enclosed area such as a garage. Your motorcycle’s exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas which can collect rapidly in an enclosed area and cause illness or death.

Your motorcycle can be started with the transmission in gear by pulling in the clutch lever before operating the starter.

Your motorcycle is equipped with a side stand ignition cut-off system. If the side stand is down––the engine cannot be started unless the transmission is in neutral.

If the side stand is up––the engine can be started in neutral, or in gear with the

Starting & Stopping the Engine

clutch lever pulled in. After starting with the side stand down, the engine will stop if the transmission is put in gear before raising the side stand.

Preparation

Before starting, insert the key, turn the ignition switch ON, and confirm the following:

The transmission is in NEUTRAL

(neutral indicator light ON).

The engine stop switch is set to RUN.

The fuel valve is ON.

Basic Operation & Riding

35

03/08/21 10:02:43 31KPJ630_045

Starting & Stopping the Engine

Starting Procedure

To restart a warm engine, follow the procedure for

High Air Temperature.

Normal Air Temperature

10°

35°C (50°

95°F)

LEFT FRONT

(1)

1.

If the engine is cold, pull the choke

2.

Start the engine, leaving the throttle closed.

Do not open the throttle when starting the engine with the choke on. This will lean the mixture, resulting in hard starting.

3.

Immediately after the engine starts,

4.

operate the choke knob to keep fast idle.

About a half minute after the engine

( A )

( B )

5.

If idling is unstable, open the throttle slightly.

(1) choke knob

36

(A) fully ON

(B) fully OFF

Basic Operation & Riding

03/08/21 10:02:54 31KPJ630_046

High Air Temperature

35°C (95°F) or above

1.

2.

Do not use the choke.

Open the throttle slightly.

3.

Start the engine.

Low Air Temperature

1.

10°C (50°F) or below

Follow steps 1-2 under

Normal Air

2.

Temperature.

When engine rpm begins to pick up, operate the choke knob to keep fast idle.

Starting & Stopping the Engine

3.

Continue warming up the engine until it runs smoothly and responds to the throttle when the choke knob is at fully

Extended use of the choke may impair piston and cylinder wall lubrication and damage the engine.

Snapping the throttle or fast idling for more than about 5 minutes at normal air temperature may cause exhaust pipe discoloration.

Basic Operation & Riding

37

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Starting & Stopping the Engine

Flooded Engine

If the engine fails to start after repeated attempts, it may be flooded with excess fuel. To clear a flooded engine:

1.

2.

Turn the engine stop switch to OFF.

Push the choke knob down all the way

3.

to fully OFF.

Open the throttle fully.

4.

5.

Press the start button for 5 seconds.

Wait 10 seconds, then press the engine stop switch to RUN.

Follow the procedure:

High Air Temperature

starting

6.

7.

Do not use the choke.

Open the throttle slightly.

38

Basic Operation & Riding

8.

Start the engine.

If the engine still won’t start, refer to

Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start,

If

page

143 .

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How to Stop the Engine

Normal Engine Stop

To stop the engine, shift into neutral and turn the ignition switch OFF.

The engine stop switch should normally remain in the RUN position even when the engine is OFF.

If your motorcycle is stopped with the engine stop switch OFF and the ignition switch ON, the headlight and taillight will remain on, resulting in battery discharge.

Starting & Stopping the Engine

Emergency Engine Stop

To stop the engine in an emergency, use the engine stop switch. To operate, turn the switch to the OFF position.

Basic Operation & Riding

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Shifting Gears

shifting pattern

Your motorcycle has five forward gears in a one-down, four-up shift pattern which is coordinated with a cable-operated clutch system.

Learning when to shift gears comes with experience. Keep the following tips in mind:

As a general rule, shift while moving in a straight line.

40

Basic Operation & Riding

Close the throttle and pull the clutch lever in completely before shifting.

Improper shifting may damage the engine, transmission, and drive train.

Learn to recognize the engagement point as you release the clutch lever. It is at this point the transmission of power to the rear wheel resumes.

Upshift to a higher gear or reduce throttle before engine rpm (speed) gets too high. Learn the relationship between engine sound and the normal shifting points.

Downshift to a lower gear before you feel the engine laboring (lugging) at low rpm.

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Avoid downshifting to help slow your motorcycle when engine rpm is high.

Downshifting when engine speed is near its allowable maximum may overrev the engine and cause possible damage.

To prevent transmission damage, do not coast or tow the motorcycle for long distances with the engine off.

Recommended Shift Points

Ride in the highest gear that lets the engine run and accelerate smoothly. This will give you good fuel economy and effective emissions control. When changing gears under normal conditions, use these recommended shift points:

Shifting Gears

Shif ting Up:

From 1st to 2nd:

From 2nd to 3rd:

From 3rd to 4th:

From 4th to 5th:

12 mph (20 km/h)

19 mph (30 km/h)

25 mph (40 km/h)

31 mph (50 km/h)

Shif ting Down:

From 5th to 4th:

From 4th to 3rd:

22 mph (35 km/h)

16 mph (25 km/h)

Pull the clutch lever in when speed drops below 6 mph (10 km/h), when engine roughness is evident, or when engine stalling is imminent; and shift down to 1st gear for acceleration.

Basic Operation & Riding

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Braking

Your motorcycle is equipped with mechanically-activated drum brakes.

Operating the brake lever applies the front drum brake. Depressing the brake pedal applies the rear drum brake.

As a general rule, the front braking system provides about 70 percent of total stopping power.

For full braking effectiveness, use both the pedal and lever simultaneously. Using both braking systems will stop your motorcycle faster with greater stability.

To slow or stop, apply the brake lever and brake pedal smoothly, while downshifting to match your speed.

Gradually increase braking as you feel the

42

Basic Operation & Riding

brakes slowing your speed. The increase in engine compression from downshifting will help slow your motorcycle.

To prevent stalling the engine, pull the clutch lever in before coming to a complete stop. For support, put your left foot down first, then your right foot when you are through using the brake pedal.

Applying the brakes too hard may cause the wheels to lock and slide, reducing control of your motorcycle. If this happens, release the brake controls, steer straight ahead until you regain control, then reapply the brakes more gently.

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When possible, reduce your speed or complete braking before entering a turn.

Avoid braking or closing the throttle quickly while turning. Either action may cause one or both wheels to slip and reduce your control of your motorcycle.

Your ability to brake in a turn and to brake hard in an emergency situation are important riding skills. We suggest attending a Motorcycle Safety Foundation experienced rider training course

(page 26 ) to retain these skills.

When descending a long, steep grade, use engine compression braking by downshifting, with intermittent use of both brakes. Continuous brake application can overheat the brakes and reduce their effectiveness.

Braking

Riding with your foot resting on the brake pedal or your hand on the brake lever may actuate the brakelight, giving a false indication to other drivers. It may also overheat the brakes, reducing effectiveness.

Basic Operation & Riding

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Parking

1.

Look for a level parking area. If you can’t park on a paved surface, make sure the ground surface is firm, especially under the side stand.

If you must park on a hill, leave the transmission in gear and position the rear tire against the curb at a 45 degree

2.

angle.

Use the side stand to support the motorcycle while parked.

To lower the side stand, use your foot to guide it down. Remember that lowering the side stand with the transmission in gear will stop the engine, even if the clutch lever is pulled in. That is a function of the side stand ignition cut-off system.

Check that the side stand is down all the way. The side stand indicator only indicates that the side stand

44

Basic Operation & Riding

ignition cut-off system (page 35 ) is activated.

If you have to park on a soft surface, insert something solid under the side stand for support.

3.

the handlebar in place. Turn the handlebar all the way to the left. Insert it 180 degrees clockwise. Remove the key.

RIGHT FRONT

(2)

(1) steering lock

(1)

(2) ignition key

03/08/21 10:04:11 31KPJ630_054

4.

your helmet with your motorcycle:

Hang your helmet on the holder.

Turn the key counterclockwise to lock the holder and then remove the key.

LEFT REAR

(3) (2)

Parking

Riding with a helmet attached to the holder can interfere with the rear wheel or suspension and could cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Use the helmet holder only while parked. Do not ride with a helmet secured by the holder.

5.

Turn the fuel valve OFF.

(2) helmet holder

(3) ignition key

(4) holder

(4)

Basic Operation & Riding

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Parking

Theft-Prevention Tips

Park your motorcycle in a locked garage whenever possible. If a garage isn’t available, park in a concealed area or in a well-lit area with enough pedestrian traffic to discourage a thief.

Always take the ignition key with you.

Always use the steering lock (page 44 ), even if you’re parking for just a minute or two. A thief can easily push an unlocked motorcycle to a waiting truck.

In addition to the steering lock, use a good quality anti-theft device made specifically to lock a motorcycle to a secure object.

If you decide to use an anti-theft device, select one of good quality and be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions.

Keep your owner’s manual, current registration, and insurance information with your motorcycle. This will make it easier for the authorities to find you if your motorcycle is stolen and recovered.

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Basic Operation & Riding

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Your motorcycle is designed to carry you and one passenger. Whenever you add a passenger or cargo, you must be careful not to exceed the total load limits for this vehicle (

Load Limits,

page 31 ). Make sure your cargo is properly secured

(

Loading Guidelines,

page 31 ).

Also consider adjusting the suspension

(page 98 ) for the extra load.

Be aware that carrying a passenger or heavy cargo can affect acceleration, braking, and handling.

Riding with a Passenger or Cargo

Before riding with a passenger, make sure your passenger is wearing the proper protective apparel (page 24 ).

Tell your passenger to hold the seat strap or your waist, lean with you in the turns, and keep their feet on the passenger footpegs at all times, even when the motorcycle is stopped at a traffic light.

Basic Operation & Riding

47

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Basic Operation & Riding

03/08/21 10:04:35 31KPJ630_058

To help keep your motorcycle in good shape, this section includes a Maintenance

Schedule for required service, a list of periodic checks you should perform at least once a month, and step-by-step instructions for specific maintenance tasks.

You’ll also find important safety precautions, information on fuels and oils, and tips for keeping your Honda looking great.

For information about the exhaust emission and noise emission requirements of the U.S. Environmental Protection

Agency (EPA) and the California Air

Resources Board (CARB), see page 177 .

For information about replacing fuses, see page 156 .

Servicing Your Honda

Maintenance, replacement or repair of the emission control devices and systems may be performed by any motorcycle repair establishment or individual using parts that are

‘‘certified’’ to EPA standards.

Bef ore You Service Your Honda

The Importance of Maintenance ...........

. 52

Maintenance Safety ...............................

. 53

Important Safety Precautions ............

. 54

Periodic Maintenance ............................

. 56

Maintenance Schedule ..........................

. 58

Maintenance Record ..............................

. 63

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

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Servicing Your Honda

Service Preparations

Component Locations ...........................

. 65

Tool Kit ..................................................

. 68

Tool Kit Compartment ...........................

.69

Owner’s Manual Storage .......................

. 70

Seat Removal .........................................

. 71

Side Cover Removal ..............................

. 72

Service Procedures

Fluids & Filters

Fuel ........................................................

. 73

Engine Oil ..............................................

. 76

Air Cleaner ............................................

. 84

Crankcase Breather ................................

. 86

Engine

Throttle ..................................................

. 87

Clutch System ........................................

. 89

Engine Idle Speed ..................................

. 93

Spark Plugs ............................................

. 95

Chassis

Suspension .............................................

. 98

Brakes ..................................................

. 101

Tires .....................................................

. 106

Side Stand ............................................

. 113

Drive Chain ..........................................

. 114

Electrical

Battery ..................................................

. 121

Appearance Care .................................

. 126

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Servicing Your Honda

The following table summarizes the three types of inspections and servicing recommendations for your motorcycle. Both the pre-ride inspection and the scheduled maintenance at the recommended intervals are necessary to assure safe and dependable performance. The periodic checks provide additional confidence in your motorcycle’s performance.

Type of Inspection/Service

Pre-ride Inspection

Periodic Maintenance

Maintenance Schedule

Refer to page:

27

56

58

When Performed before every ride monthly

* interval on schedule you

Who Performs you your Honda dealer

**

* more often if you ride frequently or long distances; or anytime you clean your motorcycle

** unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified

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The Importance of Maintenance

Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained is absolutely essential to your safety. It’s also a good way to protect your investment, get maximum performance, avoid breakdowns, and have more fun. A properly maintained motorcycle will also help to reduce air pollution.

Remember, proper maintenance is the owner’s responsibility. Be sure to inspect your motorcycle before each ride, perform the periodic checks, and follow the

Maintenance Schedule in this section.

Improperly maintaining this motorcycle or failing to correct a problem before you ride can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Always follow the inspection and maintenance recommendations and schedules in this owner’s manual.

If your motorcycle overturns or is involved in a crash, be sure your Honda dealer inspects all major parts, even if you are able to make some repairs.

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This section includes instructions on how to perform some important maintenance tasks. If you have basic mechanical skills, you can perform many of these tasks with the tools provided with your motorcycle.

Other tasks that are more difficult and require special tools are best performed by professionals. Wheel removal should normally be handled only by a Honda technician or other qualified mechanic.

Instructions are included in this manual only to assist in emergency service.

Maintenance Safety

Some of the most important safety precautions follow. However, we cannot warn you of every conceivable hazard that can arise in performing maintenance. Only you can decide whether or not you should perform a given task.

Failure to properly follow maintenance instructions and precautions can cause you to be seriously hurt or killed.

Always follow the procedures and precautions in this owner’s manual.

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Maintenance Safety

Important Safety Precautions

Make sure the engine is off before you begin any maintenance or repairs. This will help eliminate several potential hazards:

Carbon monoxide poisoning from engine exhaust.

Be sure there is adequate ventilation whenever you operate the engine.

Burns from hot motorcycle parts.

the engine and exhaust system cool before touching.

Let

Injury from moving parts.

Do not run the engine unless instructed to do so.

Read the instructions before you begin, and make sure you have the tools and skills required.

To help prevent the motorcycle from falling over, park it on a firm, level surface, using the side stand or a maintenance stand to provide support.

To reduce the possibility of a fire or explosion, be careful when working around gasoline. Use only non-flammable solvent, not gasoline, to clean parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks, and flames away from all fuel-related parts.

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Remember that your Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best and is fully equipped to maintain and repair it. To ensure the best quality and reliability, use only new genuine Honda parts or their equivalents for repair and replacement. If you have the tools and skills required for additional maintenance jobs, you can purchase an official Honda Service Manual (page

186 ).

Maintenance Safety

Servicing Your Honda

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Periodic Maintenance

In addition to the regularly scheduled maintenance (page 58 ) and daily pre-ride inspection (page 27 ), consider performing the periodic checks on the following page at least once a month, even if you haven’t ridden your motorcycle, or as often as once a week if you ride frequently or for long distances. It’s a good idea to perform this maintenance any time you clean your motorcycle.

Check the odometer reading and perform any scheduled maintenance checks that are needed (page

58

). Remember, more frequent checks may be needed for riding in severe conditions.

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Tires

Fluids

Lights

Freeplay

Drive Chain

Fuses

Nuts & Bolts

Periodic Maintenance

Check the air pressure with a gauge and add air if needed (page

Examine the tread for wear (page 108 ).

106

Look closely for nails, embedded objects, cuts, and other types of damage (page 108 ). Roll your motorcycle so you can inspect the entire surface.

).

Check the condition of the rims and spokes.

Check the levels of the engine oil (page 80 ). Add the correct fluid as necessary, and investigate the cause of any low fluid level.

Make sure the headlight, brake light, taillight, and turn signals are working properly.

Check the freeplay of the clutch lever (page 87

Make sure you have a full supply of spare fuses.

), front brake lever

(page 101 ) and rear brake pedal (page

103

).

Check condition, adjust slack, and lubricate as needed (page 115 ).

Check the major fasteners and tighten as needed.

Servicing Your Honda

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Maintenance Schedule

The required Maintenance Schedule that follows specifies how often you should have your motorcycle serviced, and what things need attention. It is essential to have your motorcycle serviced as scheduled to maintain safe, dependable performance and proper emission control.

The service intervals in this Maintenance

Schedule are based on average riding conditions. Some items will need more frequent service if you ride in unusually wet or dusty areas or at full throttle.

Consult your Honda dealer for recommendations applicable to your individual needs and use.

Some items in the Maintenance Schedule can be performed with basic mechanical skills and hand tools. Procedures for these items are provided in this manual. Other items involve more extensive procedures and may require special training, tools, and equipment. We recommend that you have your Honda dealer perform these tasks unless you have advanced mechanical skills and the required tools and equipment. Procedures for such items in this schedule are provided in an official

Honda Service Manual available for purchase (page 186 ).

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If you do not feel capable of performing a given task or need assistance, remember that your Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best and is fully equipped to maintain and repair it. If you decide to do your own maintenance, use only genuine

Honda parts or their equivalents for repair or replacement to ensure the best quality and reliability.

Perform the pre-ride inspection (page 27 ) and owner maintenance (page 58 ) at each scheduled maintenance period.

Maintenance Schedule

Each item on the maintenance schedule requires some mechanical knowledge.

Certain items (particularly those marked

* and

**

) may require more technical information and tools. Consult your

Honda dealer.

Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda

Service Manual (page 186 ).

**

In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your

Honda dealer.

Servicing Your Honda

59

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Maintenance Schedule

Summary of Maintenance Schedule Notes

& Procedures:

NOTES:

1.

At higher odometer readings, repeat at

2.

the frequency interval established here.

Service more frequently if the motorcycle is ridden in unusually wet or dusty areas.

3.

Service more frequently if the motorcycle is ridden often at full

4.

throttle or in the rain.

California type only.

Maintenance Procedures:

I: inspect and clean, adjust, lubricate, or replace, if necessary

C: clean

A: adjust

L: lubricate

R: replace

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Maintenance Schedule

ITEM

**

FREQUENCY

NOTE

× 1,000 mi

× 1,000 km

FUEL LINE

FUEL STRAINER SCREEN

THROTTLE OPERATION

CARBURETOR CHOKE

AIR CLEANER

CRANK CASE BREATHER

SPARK PLUGS

VALVE CLEARANCE

ENGINE OIL

ENGINE OIL STRAINER

SCREEN

ENGINE IDLE SPEED

EVAPORATIVE EMISSION

CONTROL SYSTEM

2

3

4

0.6

1.0

I

R

I

C

I

I

R

ODOMETER READING (Note 1)

4

6.4

8

12.8

12

19.2

16

25.6

20

32.0

C

I

C C

I

C C

I

I

I

I

C

R

I

R

C

R

C

I

I

R

C

R

I

R

C

C

I

I

R

R

C

I

I

R

24

38.4

I

C

I

R

C

Refer to page

87

84

86

95

76

I I I

I

I I I

I

93

* Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 186 ).

**

In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your Honda dealer.

Servicing Your Honda

61

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Maintenance Schedule

ITEM

**

**

FREQUENCY

NOTE

× 1,000 mi

× 1,000 km

DRIVE CHAIN

BRAKE SHOE WEAR

BRAKE SYSTEM

BRAKE LIGHT SWITCH

HEADLIGHT AIM

CLUTCH SYSTEM

SIDE STAND

SUSPENSION

NUTS, BOLTS, FASTENERS

WHEELS/TIRES

STEERING HEAD BEARINGS

0.6

1.0

I

I

I

I

I

ODOMETER READING (Note 1)

4

6.4

8

12.8

12

19.2

16

25.6

20

32.0

I, L EVERY 500 mi (800 km)

I I I I I

I

I I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

24

38.4

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

Refer to page

114

105

101, 103

89

113

Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 186 ).

** In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your Honda dealer.

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Maintenance Record

Keeping an accurate maintenance record will help ensure that your motorcycle is properly maintained. Retain detailed receipts to verify the maintenance was performed. If the motorcycle is sold, these receipts should be transferred with the motorcycle to the new owner.

Make sure whoever performs the maintenance completes this record. All scheduled maintenance, including the 600 mile (1,000 km) initial maintenance, is considered a normal owner operating cost and will be charged for by your dealer. Use the space under Notes to record anything you want to remind yourself about or mention to your dealer.

Odometer Date Performed By: Notes Miles (km)

600 (1,000)

4,000 (6,400)

8,000 (12,800)

12,000 (19,200)

16,000 (25,600)

20,000 (32,000)

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Maintenance Record

Odometer Miles (km)

24,000 (38,400)

28,000 (44,800)

32,000 (51,200)

36,000 (57,600)

40,000 (64,000)

44,000 (70,400)

48,000 (76,800)

52,000 (83,200)

56,000 (89,600)

60,000 (96,000)

64,000 (102,400)

68,000 (108,800)

Date Performed By: Notes

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Component Locations

clutch lever fuel fill cap front brake lever

Servicing Your Honda

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Component Locations

battery main fuse fuse box rear spring pre-load adjuster engine idle speed spark plug rear brake adjusting nut tool kit compartment

66

Servicing Your Honda

rear brake pedal oil filler cap/dipstick

03/08/21 10:07:04 31KPJ630_076 fuel valve

Component Locations

rear spring pre-load adjuster owner’s manual storage front brake adjusting nut side stand air cleaner side cover drive chain

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03/08/21 10:07:17 31KPJ630_077

Tool Kit

The tool kit is stored in the tool kit compartment (page 69 ). Some roadside repairs, minor adjustments, and parts replacement can be performed with the tools contained in the kit.

RIGHT SIDE

(2)

10

×

12 mm box end wrench

14 × 17 mm open end wrench pliers standard/phillips screwdriver screwdriver handle

22 mm box end wrench extension bar spark plug wrench handle bar pin spanner tool bag

(1)

(1) tool kit (2) tool kit compartment

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03/08/21 10:07:25 31KPJ630_078

Tool Kit Compartment

under the right side cover.

RIGHT SIDE

(4)

(2)

(1)

(3)

Turn the key clockwise.

Open the compartment cover.

To close the compartment cover, align its tabs and push it in. Turn the key counterclockwise.

Remove the key.

(1) tool kit compartment

(2) tool kit

(3) ignition key

(4) compartment cover

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Owner’s Manual Storage

Your motorcycle provides storage for the owner’s manual so you’ll have it with you for easy reference. Store your owner’s manual (and other documents) in the

UNDER SEAT

(1)

(2)

Be careful not to flood this area when washing your motorcycle.

(1) owner’s manual storage bag

(2) owner’s manual storage compartment

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Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

The seat must be removed to access the owner’s manual and to remove the side cover.

(2)

LEFT SIDE

(1)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(1) ignition key

(2) helmet holder

(3) seat lock lever

(4) seat

(5) prongs

(6) fuel tank stay

Seat Removal

Removal

1.

Insert the ignition key (1) into the

2.

helmet holder (2).

Turn it clockwise and pull the seat lock lever (3) downward.

3.

Pull the seat (4) back and up.

Installation

1.

Insert the prongs (5) into the fuel tank stay (6), and the stays at the rear of the frame.

2.

3.

Push down on the rear of the seat.

Turn the ignition key counterclockwise to lock the seat, then remove the key.

Be sure to securely lock the seat after reinstalling it.

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Side Cover Removal

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

battery and air cleaner maintenance.

(1)

(3)

(2)

Removal

1.

Remove the seat ( page 71 ).

2.

3.

Installation

Installation can be done in the reverse order of removal.

(3)

(3)

(1) side cover

(2) bolts

72

(3) studs

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03/08/21 10:08:02 31KPJ630_082

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

Fuel Recommendation

type pump octane number unleaded

86 (or higher)

We recommend that you use unleaded fuel because it produces fewer engine deposits and extends the life of exhaust system components.

Your engine is designed to use any gasoline that has a pump octane number of

86 or higher. Gasoline pumps at service stations normally display the pump octane number. For information on the use of oxygenated fuels, see page 182 .

Fuel

Use of lower octane gasoline can cause persistent ‘‘pinging’’ or ‘‘spark knock’’ (a loud rapping noise) which, if severe, can lead to engine damage. Light pinging experienced while operating under a heavy load, such as climbing a hill, is no cause for concern.

If pinging or spark knock occurs at a steady engine speed under normal load, change brands of gasoline. If pinging or spark knock persists, consult your Honda dealer.

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Fuel

Never use stale or contaminated gasoline or an oil/gasoline mixture. Avoid getting dirt, dust, or water in the fuel tank.

Fuel Capacity

Fuel tank capacity, including reserve:

4.23 US gal (16.0 )

Reserve capacity:

0.85 US gal (3.2 )

The tank should be refilled as soon as possible after switching to reserve, and the fuel valve should be returned to the ON position after refueling to avoid running out of fuel with no reserve.

Refueling Procedure

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

(1)

(3)

(2)

(1) ignition key

(2) fuel fill cap

1.

(3) filler neck

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03/08/21 10:08:20 31KPJ630_084

2.

3.

Open the cap.

Add fuel until the level reaches the overfilling the tank. There should be no fuel in the filler neck.

Fuel

4.

After refueling, align the latch in the cap with the slot in the filler neck. Push the cap into the filler neck until it snaps and locks.

5.

Remove the ignition key from the cap.

6.

Turn the fuel valve ON (if it was set on

RES).

Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive. You can be burned or seriously injured when handling fuel.

Stop the engine and keep heat, sparks and flame away.

Handle fuel only outdoors.

Wipe up spills immediately.

Servicing Your Honda

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Engine Oil

Engine oil quality is a major factor that affects both the performance and the service life of the engine.

Using the proper oil (page 77 ), and regularly checking, adding, and changing oil will help extend your engine’s life.

Even the best oil wears out. Changing oil helps get rid of dirt and deposits in the engine. Operating the engine with old or dirty oil can damage your engine. Running the engine with insufficient oil can cause serious damage to the engine and transmission.

Change the engine oil as specified in the maintenance schedule on page 61 .

When running in very dusty conditions, oil changes should be performed more frequently than specified in the maintenance schedule.

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Oil Recommendation

API classification

SG or higher except oils labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label

SAE 10W-40 viscosity

(weight)

JASO T 903 standard

MA

Engine Oil

suggested oil

Pro Honda GN4 or HP4 (without molybdenum additives) 4-stroke oil, or an equivalent motorcycle oil.

Suggested oils are equal in performance to SJ oils that are not labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label.

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Engine Oil

Your motorcycle does not need oil additives. Use the recommended oil.

Do not use oils with graphite or molybdenum additives. They may adversely affect clutch operation.

Do not use API SH or higher oils displaying a circular API ‘‘energy conserving’’ service label on the container. They may affect lubrication and clutch performance.

Other viscosities shown in the following chart may be used when the average temperature in your riding area is within the indicated range.

NOT RECOMMENDED OK

Do not use non-detergent, vegetable, or castor based racing oils.

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JASO T 903 standard

The JASO T 903 standard is an index to choose engine oils for 4-stroke motorcycle engines.

There are two classes: MA and MB.

Oil conforming to the standard has the following classification on the oil container.

(1)

(2)

(1) code number of the sales company of the oil

(2) oil classification

Engine Oil

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Engine Oil

Checking & Adding Oil

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

2.

Start the engine and let it idle for 3

5 minutes.

3.

4.

Stop the engine and wait 2

3 minutes.

and wipe it clean.

5.

Hold the motorcycle in an upright position.

6.

Insert the oil filler cap/dipstick until it seats, but don’t screw it in.

(2)

(3)

(1) oil filler cap/dipstick

(2) upper level mark

(3) lower level mark

1.

Park your motorcycle on its side stand on a firm, level surface.

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7.

Remove the oil filler cap/dipstick and check the oil level.

If the oil is at or near the upper level oil.

If the oil is below or near the lower recommended oil until it reaches the upper level mark. (Do not overfill.)

8.

9.

Reinstall the oil filler cap/dipstick.

Check for oil leaks.

Engine Oil

Changing Engine Oil

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

This procedure requires mechanical skill and professional tools such as a torque wrench, as well as a means for disposing of the drained fluid (page 139 ). If you do not have the skills or the tools, see your

Honda dealer.

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Engine Oil

Drain the Engine Oil:

1.

Park the motorcycle on its side stand on

2.

a firm, level surface.

If the engine is cold, start it and let it idle for 3 − 5 minutes. Turn the engine off. Wait 2 − 3 minutes for the oil to settle.

3.

Place a drain pan under the crankcase

4.

To drain the oil, remove the oil filler

LEFT FRONT, UNDER ENGINE

(2)

(1)

(1) crankcase drain bolt

(2) sealing washer

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5.

Pour the drained oil into a suitable container and dispose of it in an approved manner (page 139 ).

Improper disposal of drained f luids is harmf ul to the environment.

6.

Check the condition of the sealing washer on the drain bolt. Replace the washer every other time the oil is changed.

Install the drain bolt and tighten it to the specified torque:

18 lbf·ft (25 N·m , 2.5 kgf·m)

Engine Oil

Add Engine Oil:

7.

Fill the crankcase with the

77 recommended oil (page approximately:

1.6 US qt (1.5 )

),

8.

Install the oil filler cap/dipstick securely.

9.

Start the engine and let it idle for 3 − 5

10.

minutes.

Stop the engine and wait 2 − 3 minutes.

11.

Hold the motorcycle upright and check that the oil level is at the upper level mark on the oil filler cap/dipstick (page

80 ).

12.

Check that there are no oil leaks.

If a torque wrench is not used for installation, see your Honda dealer as soon as possible to verify proper assembly.

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Air Cleaner

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

Service the air cleaner more frequently if you ride in unusually wet or dusty areas.

Your Honda dealer can help you determine the correct service interval for your riding conditions.

Your motorcycle’s air cleaner has very specific performance requirements. Use a new genuine Honda air cleaner specified for your model or an air cleaner of equivalent quality.

Using the wrong air cleaner may result in premature engine damage.

Proper air cleaner maintenance can prevent premature engine wear or damage, expensive repairs, low engine power, poor gas mileage, and spark plug fouling.

Improper or lack of proper air cleaner maintenance can cause poor perf ormance and premature engine wear.

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LEFT SIDE

Air Cleaner

(3)

Replacement

1.

Remove the seat (page

71

) and the side cover (page

72

).

2.

3.

Remove the cover.

4.

LEFT SIDE

(2)

(1)

(1) screws

(2) air cleaner housing cover

(4)

(5)

(3) retainer

(4) air cleaner

(5) tube

5.

cleaner.

6.

7.

Discard the air cleaner.

Install a new air cleaner.

8.

Install the removed parts in reverse order of removal.

Servicing Your Honda

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Crankcase Breather

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

Service the crankcase breather more frequently if your motorcycle is ridden in the rain or often at full throttle. Service the breather if you can see deposits in the transparent section of the drain tube.

Draining

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

(1) crankcase breather tube plug

1.

Place a drain pan under the crankcase

2.

Remove the plug to drain the deposits in the tube.

3.

Reinstall the crankcase breather tube plug.

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Throttle Freeplay

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

Throttle

Inspection

Check freeplay at the throttle grip flange.

Freeplay:

1/16 − 1/4 in (2 − 6 mm)

If necessary, adjust to the specified range.

Adjustment

1.

2.

3.

After adjustment, check for smooth rotation of the throttle grip from fully closed to fully open in all steering positions.

(1)

(1) lock nut

(2)

(2) adjuster

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Throttle

Throttle Inspection

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

1.

Check that the throttle assembly is positioned properly and the securing

2.

bolts are tight.

Check for smooth rotation of the throttle from fully open to fully closed in all steering positions. If there is a problem, see your Honda dealer.

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Your motorcycle’s manually-activated, wet, multiplate clutch is part of the primary drive system. Proper freeplay adjustment allows a smooth, gradual engagement when shifting gears.

Improper freeplay adjustment can cause premature clutch wear.

Clutch System

Clutch Freeplay

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

LEFT HANDLEBAR

(1)

(1) clutch lever

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Clutch System

Inspection

1.

Check freeplay:

3/8 − 13/16 in (10 − 20 mm)

If necessary, adjust to the specified range.

Upper Adjustment

Attempt adjustment with the upper clutch cable adjuster first.

LEFT HANDLEBAR

(3)

(2)

( + )

(4)

( ( ) )

(2) dust cover

(3) upper lock nut

(4) upper clutch cable adjuster

( + ) increase freeplay

( − ) decrease freeplay

1.

2.

3.

4.

to obtain the specified freeplay.

Tighten the upper lock nut and check

5.

the freeplay again.

Install the dust cover.

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Lower Adjustment

If the upper clutch cable adjuster is threaded out near its limit –– or the correct freeplay cannot be obtained –– attempt adjustment with the lower clutch cable adjuster.

RIGHT SIDE

(6)

(5)

( ( ) )

( ( ) )

Clutch System

1.

the way in (to provide maximum freeplay). Tighten the upper lock nut.

2.

3.

obtain the specified freeplay.

4.

Tighten the lower lock nut and check the adjustment.

(5) lock nut

(6) adjusting nut

( + ) increase free play

( − ) decrease free play

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Clutch System

5.

Start the engine, pull the clutch lever in, and shift into gear. Make sure the engine does not stall and the motorcycle does not creep. Gradually release the clutch lever and open the throttle. Your motorcycle should move smoothly and accelerate gradually.

If you cannot get proper adjustment, or the clutch does not work properly, the cable or clutch friction discs may be worn. See your Honda dealer or refer to the official

Honda Service Manual (page 186 ).

Other Inspections & Lubrication

Check that the clutch lever assembly is positioned properly and the securing bolts are tight.

Check the clutch cable for kinks or signs of wear. If necessary, have it replaced.

Lubricate the clutch cable with a commercially-available cable lubricant to prevent premature wear and corrosion.

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The best way to assure proper carburetion is to see your Honda dealer for regularly scheduled servicing, including carburetor adjustment.

Remember, idle speed adjustment is not a

‘‘cure-all’’ for other problems in your engine’s fuel-delivery system. Adjusting the idle will not compensate for a fault elsewhere.

The engine must be at normal operating temperature for accurate idle speed adjustment.

For information about high altitude carburetor adjustment, see page 176 .

Engine Idle Speed

Idle Speed Adjustment

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

( ( ) )

( ( ) )

(1) throttle stop screw

(

) increase

( − ) decrease

1.

If the engine is cold, start it and warm it up with ten minutes of stop-and-go riding. Stop the engine.

2.

Place your motorcycle on its side stand on a firm, level surface.

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Engine Idle Speed

3.

4.

Connect a tachometer to the engine.

Shift into neutral. Start the engine.

5.

Adjust idle speed with the throttle stop

Idle speed (in neutral):

1,500 ± 100 rpm

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Spark Plug Recommendation

standard spark plug for cold climate

(below 5°C,

41°F) for extended high speed riding

CR6HSA (NGK) or

U20FSR − U (DENSO)

CR5HSA (NGK) or

U16FSR − U (DENSO)

CR7HSA (NGK) or

U22FSR − U (DENSO)

Use only the recommended type of spark plugs in the recommended heat range.

Using spark plugs with an improper heat range can cause engine damage.

Spark Plugs

Spark Plug Replacement

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

1.

Clean any dirt from around the spark plug bases.

2.

Disconnect the spark plug cap. Take care to avoid damaging the spark plug

3.

wire when disconnecting the cap.

Using the spark plug wrench provided in the tool kit, remove the spark plugs.

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

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Spark Plugs

4.

Inspect the electrodes and center porcelain for deposits, corrosion, or carbon fouling. If the corrosion or deposits are heavy, replace the plug.

Clean a carbon or wet-fouled plug with a plug cleaner, if available, or a wire brush.

5.

new plug, using a wire-type feeler gauge. If adjustment is necessary, bend

The gap should be:

0.024

− 0.028 in (0.60

− 0.70 mm)

(1)

(2)

(1) spark plug gap (2) side electrode

6.

With the plug washers attached, thread the spark plugs in by hand to prevent cross-threading.

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7.

Tighten each spark plug:

1/8-1/4 turn after it seats (if the old plug is good)

1/2 turn after it seats (if installing a new plug)

Improperly tightened spark plugs can damage the engine. If a plug is too loose, a piston may be damaged. If a plug is too tight, the threads may be damaged.

8.

Reinstall the spark plug caps. Take care to avoid pinching any cables or wires.

Spark Plugs

Servicing Your Honda

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Suspension

Your front and rear suspension systems use springs and hydraulic damping devices that suspend your weight and most of the weight of your motorcycle.

The spring pre-load for your rear suspension system adjusts the amount of force required to begin compression of the spring.

The oil damper systems hydraulically control the natural compression and rebound of the suspension springs so that traction and comfort are maintained as the wheels ride over road surfaces.

Consider adjusting your rear suspension pre-load whenever you change your normal load, by adding or subtracting a passenger, cargo, or accessories, or when the road or riding conditions change.

The way you ride your motorcycle and the type of ride you want to experience can also influence your suspension needs.

Lower spring pre-load provides a softer ride and is usually preferred for light loads and smooth roads. Higher spring pre-load provides a firmer ride and is recommended for heavy loads, rough road conditions, and faster, more challenging riding.

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Rear Suspension Adjustment

The rear suspension can be adjusted for rider (and passenger) weight and riding conditions by changing the spring pre-load.

Do not attempt to disassemble, service, or dispose of the damper; see your Honda dealer. The instructions found in this owner’s manual are limited to adjustments of the shock assembly only.

Suspension

Rear Suspension Spring Pre-load

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

RIGHT SIDE

1 2 3 4 5

(1)

(3)

(4)

(1) pin spanner

(2) extension bar

(3) shock absorber

(4) spring pre-load adjuster

(2)

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Suspension

5 positions for different load or riding conditions.

load.

Position 1: for a light load and smooth road conditions.

Position 2: standard position.

Positions 3 to 5: for when the motorcycle is more heavily loaded.

(Also increase spring pre-load for stiffer rear suspension.)

Make sure that both shock absorbers are adjusted to the same position.

Always adjust the shock absorber position in sequence (1-2-3-4-5 or 5-4-3-2-1).

Attempting to adjust directly from 1 to 5 or 5 to 1 may damage the shock absorber.

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Mechanically-activated drum braking systems on your motorcycle dissipate the heat generated by the friction of the brake shoes on the drum as the wheels are slowed.

Brakes

Front Brake Lever Freeplay

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

(1)

(1) front brake lever

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Brakes

Inspection

1.

Check freeplay:

3/8 − 13/16 in (10 − 20 mm)

If necessary, adjust to the specified range.

Adjustment

1.

Make free play adjustments by turning

Make sure the cut-out on the adjusting

2.

after making final free play adjustment.

Apply the brake several times and check for free wheel rotation after the brake lever is released.

If proper adjustment cannot be obtained by this method, see your authorized Honda dealer.

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Servicing Your Honda

LEFT FRONT

(2)

(3)

( + )

( ( ) )

(2) adjusting nut

(3) arm pin

( + ) increase free play

(

) decrease free play

03/08/21 10:12:51 31KPJ630_112

Rear Brake Pedal Freeplay

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

Pedal Height Adjustment

The stopper bolt is provided to allow adjustment of the pedal height.

1.

2.

RIGHT FRONT

(1)

(1) lock nut

(2) stopper bolt

(2)

(3)

(3) rear brake pedal

Brakes

Inspection

1.

Place your motorcycle on its side stand.

2.

Check freeplay by slowly depressing to engage.

Freeplay:

13/16 − 1 3/16 in (20 − 30 mm)

If necessary, adjust to the specified range.

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Brakes

Adjustment

1.

Make sure the cut-out on the adjusting

2.

Apply the brake, release it, and then spin the wheel and check that it rotates freely. Repeat this procedure several

3.

times.

Check the freeplay. If you can’t adjust the freeplay properly, see your Honda dealer.

RIGHT REAR

(4)

(5)

( ( ) )

( ( ) )

(4) adjusting nut

(5) arm pin

( + ) increase freeplay

( − ) decrease freeplay

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Servicing Your Honda

Other Inspections

Check that the brake pedal assembly is positioned properly and the securing bolts are tight.

Make sure the brake rod, brake arm, spring, and fasteners are in good condition.

03/08/21 10:13:16 31KPJ630_114

Brake Shoe Wear

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

The front and rear brakes are equipped with external brake wear indicators that let you check brake wear without disassembly.

Application of the brake control (lever or pedal) causes the arrow on the brake arm to move toward a reference mark on the brake panel.

(3)

(1)

LEFT FRONT

(4)

(2)

(1) arrow

(2) brake arm

(3) reference mark

(4) brake panel

RIGHT REAR

(4)

(3)

Brakes

(2)

(1)

(1) arrow

(2) brake arm

(3) reference mark

(4) brake panel

1.

2.

Place your motorcycle on its side stand.

Apply the brake control (lever or pedal) and check the movement of the arrow brake shoes if the arrow aligns with the

If replacement is necessary, see your

Honda dealer.

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Tires

To safely operate your motorcycle, your tires must be the proper type and size, in good condition with adequate tread, and correctly inflated for the load you are carrying.

Using tires that are excessively worn or improperly inflated can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Follow all instructions in this owner’s manual regarding tire inflation and maintenance.

The following pages give detailed information on how and when to check your air pressure, how to inspect your tires

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Servicing Your Honda

for wear and damage, and our recommendations for tire repair and replacement.

Air Pressure

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

Properly inflated tires provide the best combination of handling, tread life, and riding comfort. Generally, underinflated tires wear unevenly, adversely affect handling, and are more likely to fail from being overheated. Overinflated tires make your motorcycle ride more harshly, are more prone to damage from road hazards, and wear unevenly.

03/08/21 10:13:31 31KPJ630_116

We recommend that you visually check your tires before every ride and use an air pressure gauge to measure the air pressure at least once a month or any time you think the tires might be low. Even tires that are in good condition may lose one to two psi per month if not checked and adjusted regularly.

Always check air pressure when your tires are ‘‘cold’’ –– after the motorcycle has been parked for at least three hours. If you check air pressure when your tires are

‘‘warm’’ –– even if your motorcycle has only been ridden for a few miles –– the readings will be higher. If you let air out of warm tires to match the recommended cold pressures, the tires will be underinflated.

Tires

The recommended ‘‘cold’’ tire pressures are: front

29 psi (200 kPa , rear

2.00 kgf/cm )

29 psi (200 kPa ,

2.00 kgf/cm )

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Tires

Inspection

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

Whenever you check the tire pressures, you should also look for:

Bumps or bulges in the side of the tire or the tread. Replace any tire that has a bump or bulge.

Cuts, slits, or cracks in the tires.

Replace the tire if you can see fabric or cord.

Nails or other foreign objects embedded in the side of the tire or tread.

Excessive tread wear.

Also, if you hit a pothole or hard object while riding, pull to the side of the road as soon as you safely can and carefully inspect the tires for damage.

Tread Wear

(1)

(2)

(1) wear indicator

(2) wear indicator location mark

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For the best performance, you should replace a tire before the tread depth at the center reaches the following limits: front 0.06 in (1.5 mm) rear

0.08 in (2.0 mm)

If the wear indicators are visible, replace the tire immediately as it is no longer safe.

Tire & Tube Repair

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

We strongly recommend that you replace, not repair, any tire that is punctured or damaged. A repaired tube will not have the same reliability as a new one, and it may fail while you are riding. And the tire will have lower speed and performance limits than a new one.

Tires

A temporary repair can sometimes be made in an emergency situation.

However, since a temporary repair may not hold, you must ride very slowly, preferably without any cargo or passenger, and have the tire and tube replaced as soon as possible.

(For more information on temporary repairs, see

If You Have a Flat Tire,

page

148 .)

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Tires

If you decide to only replace the tube but not the tire, you should not exceed 50 mph

(80 km/h) for the first 24 hours, or 80 mph

(130 km/h) at any time thereafter. In addition, you may not be able to safely carry as much weight. Repair work should be done by a professional and the wheel should be balanced before you ride.

If you have a tire and tube professionally repaired at a non-Honda facility, we recommend that you have the work checked by your Honda dealer.

Tire Replacement

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

The tires that came on your motorcycle were designed to match the performance capabilities of your motorcycle and provide the best combination of handling, braking, durability, and comfort.

You should replace the tires with tires of the same size, load range, and speed rating as the originals.

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Installing improper tires on your motorcycle can affect handling and stability. This can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Always use the size and type of tires recommended in this owner’s manual.

The recommended tires for your motorcycle are: front

90/100 − 18M/C 54S rear

DUNLOP K300MA

120/90 − 16M/C 63S

DUNLOP K327AG

Tires

Whenever you replace a tire, remember:

Have the wheel balanced after the tire is installed.

Have the tire replaced by your Honda dealer if possible.

Servicing Your Honda

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Tires

Have a new tube installed whenever a tire is replaced. The old tube will probably be stretched. If installed in a new tire, it could fail.

If you have a tire professionally replaced at a non-Honda facility, we recommend that you have the work checked by your

Honda dealer.

Important Safety Reminders

Do not install a radial tire on this motorcycle. Mixing bias-ply and radial tires can adversely affect handling and stability.

Do not install car tires on this motorcycle. During installation the tire may separate from the rim with enough force to cause serious injury or death.

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Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

LEFT SIDE

(1)

(1) side stand spring

Check that the side stand assembly is working properly. If the side stand is stiff or squeaky, clean the pivot area and lubricate the pivot bolt with clean grease.

Side Stand

Check the spring for damage or loss of tension.

Check the side stand ignition cut-off system:

1.

Sit astride the motorcycle and put the

2.

transmission in neutral.

Raise the side stand.

3.

4.

Start the engine.

Pull the clutch lever in.

5.

6.

Shift the transmission into gear.

Lower the side stand all the way.

The engine should stop as you lower the side stand. If the engine doesn’t stop, see your Honda dealer for service.

Servicing Your Honda

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Drive Chain

An endless (riveted master link) chain connects the countershaft and rear wheel sprockets. The O-ring chain uses rubber rings between the side plates of the pin and roller links to seal in the manufacturer-installed lubricating grease and keep out moisture and dirt.

The service life of the chain depends on proper lubrication and adjustment. Poor maintenance can cause premature wear or damage to the drive chain or sprockets.

The drive chain should be checked, adjusted, and lubricated as part of the preride inspection (page 27 ).

Under severe usage, or when the motorcycle is ridden in unusually dusty or muddy areas, more frequent maintenance will be necessary.

Before servicing your drive chain, turn the engine OFF, lower the side stand, and check that your transmission is in neutral.

It is not necessary to remove or replace the drive chain to perform the recommended service in the Maintenance Schedule.

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Drive Chain

Inspection

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

1.

Check slack in the lower drive chain

Drive chain slack should allow the following vertical movement by hand:

13/16 − 1 3/16 in (20 − 30 mm)

2.

Check drive chain slack at several points along the chain. The slack should remain constant. If it isn’t, some links may be kinked and binding. Lubricating the chain will often eliminate binding and kinking.

3.

Inspect the drive chain for: damaged rollers dry or rusted links kinked or binding links

LEFT SIDE

(1)

(1) drive chain excessive wear improper adjustment damaged or missing O-rings

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Drive Chain

Replace the drive chain (page 120 has damaged rollers, loose pins, or

) if it kinks that cannot be freed. Lubricate the drive chain (page 119 ) if it appears dry or shows signs of rust. Lubricate any kinked or binding links and work them free. Adjust chain slack if needed.

4.

Inspect the front and rear sprocket teeth for excessive wear or damage. If necessary, have your Honda dealer replace a worn sprocket.

damaged sprocket teeth

REPLACE normal sprocket teeth

GOOD worn sprocket teeth

REPLACE

Use of a new chain with worn sprockets will cause rapid chain wear.

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Wear Inspection

LEFT SIDE

(2)

(2) red zone

(3)

(3) long index mark

Check the chain wear label when adjusting chain adjuster plates after the chain has been adjusted to the proper slack, the chain is excessively worn and must be replaced. The proper slack is:

13/16 − 1 3/16 in (20 − 30 mm)

Drive Chain

The bottom part of the frame may be damaged by excessive drive chain slack of more than:

1 9/16 in (40 mm)

Adjustment

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

Drive chain slack should be checked and adjusted, if necessary, every 500 miles

(800 km). When operated at sustained high speeds or under conditions of frequent rapid acceleration, the chain may require more frequent adjustments.

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Drive Chain

LEFT SIDE

(1)

(4)

(3)

(2)

(5)

(1) rear axle nut

(2) lock nut

(3) drive chain adjustment nut

(4) index mark

(5) rear edge of adjusting slot

1.

Place the motorcycle on its side stand with the transmission in neutral and the ignition switch OFF.

2.

118

Servicing Your Honda

3.

of the swingarm.

4.

number of turns until the correct drive chain slack is obtained. Turn the adjusting nuts clockwise to tighten the chain, or counterclockwise to provide more slack. Adjust the chain slack at a point midway between the drive sprocket and the rear wheel sprocket.

Roll the motorcycle forward. Stop and place it on its side stand. Recheck chain slack. Chain slack should allow the following vertical movement by hand:

13/16 − 1 3/16 in (20 − 30 mm)

03/08/21 10:15:18 31KPJ630_128

5.

Check rear axle nut alignment by making sure the chain adjuster index of the adjusting slots.

Both marks should correspond. If the axle is misaligned, turn the right or left adjusting nut until the marks correspond on the rear edge of the adjusting slots and recheck chain slack.

6.

Torque the rear axle nut to:

43 lbf·ft (59 N·m , 6.0 kgf·m)

If a torque wrench is not used for this installation, see your Honda dealer as soon as possible to verify proper assembly. Improper assembly may lead to a loss of braking capacity.

7.

Tighten the adjusting nuts lightly. Then, while holding the adjusting nuts with a wrench, tighten the lock nuts.

Lubrication

Refer to

Drive Chain

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54

Lubricate every 500 miles (800 km) or sooner if chain appears dry. Lubricant:

SAE 80 or 90 gear oil

.

Servicing Your Honda

119

03/08/21 10:15:30 31KPJ630_129

Drive Chain

Lubricate only with SAE 80 or 90 gear oil.

Commercial chain lubricants may contain solvents which could damage the rubber

O-rings.

Removal, Cleaning &

Replacement

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

Your motorcycle has an endless (riveted master link) type chain. It should only be removed or replaced by your Honda dealer.

The O-rings can be damaged by steam cleaning, high pressure washers, and certain solvents.

1.

Clean the side surfaces of the chain with a dry cloth. Use a high flashpoint solvent such as kerosene

− not gasoline.

Do not brush the rubber O-rings.

Brushing will damage them. Use of a solvent may also damage the O-rings.

2.

Inspect the drive chain for possible wear or damage.

Replace the drive chain if it has damaged rollers, loose fitting links, damaged

O-rings, or otherwise appears unserviceable.

Replacement Chain:

DID520VC5 or

RK520MOZ9

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Servicing Your Honda

03/08/21 10:15:39 31KPJ630_130

Your motorcycle has a maintenance-free type battery. You do not have to check the battery electrolyte level or add distilled water as you would with a conventionaltype battery.

Your battery is a maintenance-f ree type and can be permanently damaged if the cap strip is removed.

Electrical accessories use current from the battery –– even when the ignition is OFF.

Limited operation also allows the battery to discharge. If you have electrical accessories on your motorcycle –– or do not ride frequently, we recommend that you charge the battery frequently (see

Battery Charging,

page 124 ).

Battery

If you do not expect to ride your motorcycle for at least two weeks, we recommend you remove the battery –– or at least disconnect the battery cables

(negative cable first).

If you plan to store your motorcycle, see

Battery Storage,

page 122 .

If your battery seems weak and/or is leaking electrolyte (causing slow starting or other electrical problems), see your

Honda dealer.

WARNING:

Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds.

Wash hands after handling.

Servicing Your Honda

121

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Battery

Battery Storage

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

If you plan to store your motorcycle, we recommend you remove the battery and store it where it can be charged at least every 30 days to maintain its service life.

If you do not remove the battery, we recommend disconnecting the battery cables (negative cable first).

You will get the best storage results from removing the battery and slow (trickle) charging it every 30 days (see

Charging,

page 124 ).

Battery

122

Servicing Your Honda

Before you remove the battery, be sure to read all the information that follows, as well as the information on the battery label.

The battery gives off explosive hydrogen gas during normal operation.

A spark or flame can cause the battery to explode with enough force to kill or seriously hurt you.

Wear protective clothing and a face shield, or have a skilled mechanic do the battery maintenance.

03/08/21 10:16:01 31KPJ630_132

The battery is located behind the right side cover.

1.

Remove the seat (page side cover (page 72 ).

71 ) and the

RIGHT SIDE (2) (6)

(1)

Battery

2.

Disconnect the negative (

) terminal disconnect the positive (

) terminal

3.

4.

box.

(4)

(1) negative ( − ) terminal lead

(2) positive ( + ) terminal lead

(3) battery holder

(4) bolt

(5) nut

(6) battery

(3)

(5)

(cont’d)

Servicing Your Honda

123

03/08/21 10:16:10 31KPJ630_133

Battery

5.

Charge the battery (see following section), unless you have been riding

6.

regularly.

Store your battery in an easy-to-reach location off the floor, in an area protected from freezing temperatures and direct sunlight.

7.

Clean the battery box after removing the battery for storage. Dry the battery box and, if paint is missing, re-paint the area.

8.

Slow charge the battery (see following section) once every 30 days.

Battery Charging

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

(1)

(1) ‘‘trickle’’ charger

Be sure to read the information that came with your battery charger and follow the instructions on the battery. Improper charging may damage the battery.

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Servicing Your Honda

03/08/21 10:16:14 31KPJ630_134

We recommend using a ‘‘trickle’’ charger left connected for long periods without risking damage to the battery. However, do not intentionally leave the charger connected longer than the time period recommended in the charger’s instructions.

Avoid using an automotive-type battery charger. An automotive charger can overheat a motorcycle battery and cause permanent damage.

Battery

Servicing Your Honda

125

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Appearance Care

Frequent cleaning and polishing will keep your Honda looking newer longer.

Frequent cleaning also identifies you as an owner who values your motorcycle. A clean motorcycle is also easier to inspect and service.

General Recommendations

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

To clean your motorcycle, you may use:

− water

− a mild, neutral detergent and water

− a mild spray and wipe cleaner/ polisher

− a mild spray and rinse cleaner/ degreaser and water

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Servicing Your Honda

Avoid products that contain harsh detergents or chemical solvents that could damage the metal, paint, and plastic on your motorcycle.

If your motorcycle is still warm from recent operation, give the engine and exhaust system time to cool off.

Park in a shady area. Washing your motorcycle in bright sunlight may cause the finish to fade because water droplets intensify the sun’s brightness. Spotting is also more likely because surface water can dry before you have time to wipe it off.

Clean your motorcycle regularly to protect surface finishes.

03/08/21 10:16:29 31KPJ630_136

We recommend the use of a garden hose to wash your motorcycle. High pressure washers (like those at coinoperated car washes) can damage certain parts of your motorcycle.

High pressure water (or air) can damage certain parts of your motorcycle.

Appearance Care

After cleaning, inspect for damage, wear, and leaks (fuel, oil).

Servicing Your Honda

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03/08/21 10:16:39 31KPJ630_137

Appearance Care

Washing Your Motorcycle with a

Mild Detergent

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

1.

Rinse your motorcycle thoroughly with

2.

cool water to remove loose dirt.

Fill a bucket with cool water. Mix in a mild, neutral detergent, such as dish washing liquid or a product made especially for washing motorcycles or automobiles.

3.

Wash your motorcycle with a sponge or a soft towel. As you wash, check for heavy grime. If necessary, use a mild cleaner/degreaser to remove the grime.

4.

After washing, rinse your motorcycle thoroughly with plenty of clean water to remove any residue. Detergent residue can corrode alloy parts.

5.

Dry your motorcycle with a chamois or a soft towel. Leaving water on the surface to air dry can cause dulling and water spots. As you dry, inspect for chips and scratches.

6.

Start the engine and let it idle for several minutes. The engine heat will help dry moist areas.

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Servicing Your Honda

03/08/21 10:16:46 31KPJ630_138

7.

As a precaution, ride your motorcycle at a slow speed and apply the brakes several times. This will help dry the brakes and restore normal braking performance.

If the inside of the headlight lens appears clouded immediately after washing, it should clear after a few minutes of riding.

Appearance Care

Spray Cleaning Your Motorcycle

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

Avoid using spray cleaner products on the tires or suspension components.

Suggestions for using spray cleaner(s) follow:

Servicing Your Honda

129

03/08/21 10:16:57 31KPJ630_139

Appearance Care

Motorcycle Condition

Dust and fingerprint smudges.

Light road grime.

Heavy grime. Oil leaks. Brake dust.

Dull, corroded chrome or aluminum.

Recommended Cleaning

Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe the paint, chrome, glass, and clear plastic.

Spray any difficult-to-reach or very dirty areas with a spray cleaner/degreaser.

Rinse and dry.

Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.

Use a spray cleaner/degreaser.

If necessary, rub with a sponge. Rinse and dry.

Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.

Apply a high quality chrome/aluminum polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.

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Servicing Your Honda

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Finishing Touches

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

After washing your motorcycle, consider using a commercially-available spray cleaner/polish or quality liquid or paste wax to finish the job. Use only a nonabrasive polish or wax made specifically for motorcycles or automobiles. Apply the polish or wax according to the instructions on the container.

If a surface on your motorcycle is chipped or scratched, your Honda dealer has touchup paint to match your motorcycle’s color.

Be sure to use your motorcycle’s color code (page paint.

166 ) when you buy touch-up

Appearance Care

If the frame has a chip that exposes the metal, first apply primer (to prevent corrosion) and then apply the touch-up paint. Several thin layers of touch-up paint are better than one thick coat.

Servicing Your Honda

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Servicing Your Honda

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Here’s a few helpful tips on how to store and transport your Honda, and how to be an environmentally responsible motorcycle owner.

Tips

Storing Your Honda ............................

. 134

Transporting Your Motorcycle ...........

. 138

You & the Environment ......................

. 139

Tips

133

03/08/21 10:17:21 31KPJ630_143

Storing Your Honda

If you won’t be riding for an extended period, such as during the winter, thoroughly inspect your motorcycle and correct any problem before storing it. That way, needed repairs won’t be forgotten and it will be easier to get your motorcycle running again.

For more information about storage, refer to the

Guide,

Honda Motorcycle Winter Storage

available from your Honda dealer.

We suggest you perform the following procedures to keep your motorcycle in top condition. These storage procedures will reduce the deterioration that can occur during storage.

Preparation for Storage

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

This procedure requires a means for draining and disposing of drained fuel

(page

1.

139 ).

Change the engine oil (page 81 ).

2.

Fill the fuel tank. Make sure the fuel fill cap is properly installed.

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Tips

03/08/21 10:17:29 31KPJ630_144

3.

Drain the carburetors into an approved gasoline container and dispose of it in an approved manner (page

139

).

If storage will last longer than one month, carburetor draining is important, to assure proper performance after storage.

Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive. You can be burned or seriously injured when handling fuel.

Stop the engine and keep heat, sparks and flame away.

Handle fuel only outdoors.

Wipe up spills immediately.

Storing Your Honda

4.

To prevent rusting in the cylinders, perform the following:

Remove the spark plug caps from the spark plugs. Using tape or string, secure the caps to any convenient plastic body part so that they are positioned away from the spark plugs.

Remove the spark plugs from the engine and store them in a safe place.

Do not connect the spark plugs to the spark plug caps.

Pour a tablespoon (15

20 cc) of clean engine oil into each cylinder and cover the spark plug holes with a piece of cloth.

(cont’d)

Tips

135

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Storing Your Honda

With the engine stop switch in the

RUN position, press the start button several times to crank the engine and distribute the oil.

Reinstall the spark plugs and spark

5.

plug caps.

Remove the battery and charge it fully.

Store it in an area protected from freezing temperatures and direct sunlight. Slow charge the battery (page

124 ) once a month.

6.

Wash and dry your motorcycle. Wax all painted surfaces. Apply rustinhibiting oil to the chrome pieces.

7.

8.

Lubricate the drive chain (page 119 ).

Inflate the tires to their recommended pressures (page 106 ).

9.

Store your motorcycle in an unheated area, free of dampness, away from sunlight, with a minimum of daily temperature variation.

10.

Place your motorcycle on blocks to lift

11.

both tires off the floor.

Cover your motorcycle with a porous material. Avoid using plastic or similar non-breathing, coated materials that restrict air flow and allow heat and moisture to accumulate.

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Tips

03/08/21 10:17:51 31KPJ630_146

Removal from Storage

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

1.

2.

Uncover and clean your motorcycle.

If your motorcycle has been stored for more than four months –– change the engine oil (page 81 ).

3.

If your motorcycle has been stored for more than two months –– ask your

Honda dealer to drain and replace the fuel.

4.

Charge the battery (page 124 ) as

5.

required. Install the battery.

Lubricate the drive chain (page 119 ).

6.

Perform a pre-ride inspection (page 27 ), then test-ride your motorcycle at low speeds.

Storing Your Honda

Tips

137

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Transporting Your Motorcycle

If your motorcycle needs to be transported, it should be carried on a motorcycle trailer, or a truck or trailer with a flatbed area. For information about 24-hour emergency assistance, see page 191 . Do not tow your motorcycle, as towing can seriously damage the transmission.

When contacting a towing or transporting service, be sure to ask if they have a flatbed area, a loading ramp or power ramp to safely lift the motorcycle, and motorcycle tie-down straps.

138

Tips

03/08/21 10:18:02 31KPJ630_148

Owning and riding a motorcycle can be enjoyable, but you must do your part to protect nature.

Following are tips on how you can be an environmentally-responsible motorcycle owner.

Choose Sensible Cleaners.

Use a biodegradable detergent when you wash your motorcycle. Avoid aerosol spray cleaners that contain chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) which damage the atmosphere’s protective ozone layer. Don’t throw cleaning solvents away; see the following guidelines for proper disposal.

You & the Environment

Recycle Wastes.

It’s illegal and thoughtless to put used engine oil in the trash, down a drain, or on the ground.

Used oil, gasoline, coolant, and cleaning solvents contain poisons that can hurt refuse workers and contaminate our drinking water, lakes, rivers, and oceans. Before changing your oil, make sure you have the proper containers. Put oil and other toxic wastes in separate sealed containers and take them to a recycling center. Call your local or state office of public works or environmental services to find a recycling center in your area, and to get instructions on how to dispose of non-recyclable wastes.

Tips

139

03/08/21 10:18:04 31KPJ630_149

140

Tips

03/08/21 10:18:10 31KPJ630_150

This section discusses the more common problems that can occur with your motorcycle while you’re riding. It tells you how to evaluate each problem and what actions you can take to try to resume riding. If the problem cannot be safely solved, this section also gives instructions on the proper way to have your motorcycle transported.

For information about transporting your motorcycle, see page 138 .

Taking Care of the Unexpected

General Guidelines ..............................

. 142

If Your Engine Quits or

Won’t Start ..........................................

. 143

If You Have a Flat Tire .......................

. 148

If a Fuse Blows ....................................

. 156

If You Crash ........................................

. 160

If You Lose Your Key ........................

. 161

If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead) .......

. 162

Taking Care of the Unexpected

141

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Taking Care of the Unexpected

General Guidelines

Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained is the best way to reduce the possibility of having a problem on the road. However, since problems can arise even with wellmaintained machines, you may consider subscribing to an emergency roadside service plan. (USA only: For information about the Honda Rider’s Club of America, see page 193 .)

Remember to take along your owner’s manual, the tool kit that came with your motorcycle, and any other items (such as tire repair supplies and additional tools) that might help you solve a problem on your own.

Should you ever have a problem while riding, please follow these guidelines:

Always put personal safety first.

Take time to assess the situation and your options before deciding what to do.

If the problem is relatively minor and you have the tools, supplies, and skills to make a temporary repair, be sure to have permanent repairs made as soon as possible.

Do not continue riding if you are hurt or your motorcycle is not in safe riding condition.

Additional recommendations for specific problems follow.

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03/08/21 10:18:24 31KPJ630_152

Proper operation and maintenance can prevent starting and engine performance problems. In many cases, the cause of the problem may be a simple operational oversight.

If you have a problem starting the engine

− or experience poor engine performance − the following information may help you. If you can’t correct the problem, see your Honda dealer.

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

If your motorcycle won’t start, listen as you press the start button. If you don’t hear the starter motor turning, refer to the

Starter motor doesn’t operate

symptom. If you can hear the starter motor working normally, refer to the

Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start

symptom.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

143

03/08/21 10:18:39 31KPJ630_153

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Starter motor doesn’t operate.

POSSIBLE CAUSE ignition switch OFF transmission not in neutral

WHAT TO DO

Turn the ignition switch ON.

Shift into neutral.

side stand down (when transmission not in neutral) blown fuse battery lead loose dead battery

Raise the side stand. Put the transmission in neutral, pull the clutch lever in, or raise the side stand.

Replace with a new fuse of the same rating (page

156 ).

Tighten the battery lead.

Charge the battery (page 124 ). If charging doesn’t faulty starter motor help, see your Honda dealer.

If all possible causes are negative, the starter motor may be faulty. See your Honda dealer.

144

Taking Care of the Unexpected

03/08/21 10:18:52 31KPJ630_154

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start.

POSSIBLE CAUSE WHAT TO DO engine stop switch OFF out of fuel flooded engine loose or unconnected spark plug caps

Turn the engine stop switch to RUN.

Fill the fuel tank.

See

F looded Engine

(page 38 ).

Install the ignition coil connectors and ignition coils loose battery cables weak battery securely. If the engine still won’t start, see your

Honda dealer.

Tighten the battery terminal bolts.

Charge the battery (page 124 help, see your Honda dealer.

). If charging doesn’t

Taking Care of the Unexpected

145

03/08/21 10:19:06 31KPJ630_155

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Engine starts, but stalls as you shift into gear.

POSSIBLE CAUSE WHAT TO DO side stand down Raise the side stand. Start again.

SYMPTOM:

Engine starts, but runs poorly.

POSSIBLE CAUSE idles roughly, too fast, stalls runs erratically, misfires blubbers (rich fuel mixture)

WHAT TO DO

Check engine idle adjustment (page 93 problem persists, see your Honda dealer.

). If the

See your Honda dealer.

See your Honda dealer.

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Taking Care of the Unexpected

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If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Engine starts, but runs poorly. (cont’d)

POSSIBLE CAUSE WHAT TO DO sooty exhaust (rich fuel mixture)

See your Honda dealer.

detonates or pings under load afterfires (backfires) pre-ignition (runs on after ignition switched OFF)

If applicable, switch to the recommended octane gasoline (page 73 ) or change your brand of gasoline. If the problem persists, see your Honda dealer.

See your Honda dealer.

See your Honda dealer.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

147

03/08/21 10:19:24 31KPJ630_157

If You Have a Flat Tire

A flat tire is always unwelcome, especially if you are far from help. If you think you are losing air, or you hit a pothole or hard object, pull safely to the side of the road so you can inspect the tires and assess the situation. (Be sure to park on a firm, level surface and use the side stand for support.) You should examine the tire treads and sidewalls for foreign objects or damage.

If a tire has major damage or the bead has come loose from the rim, there is probably not much you can do except have your motorcycle transported to a Honda dealer or other qualified service facility. (USA only: For information about 24-hour emergency roadside assistance, see page

193 .) Even with a simple puncture, this may be the safest and least troublesome

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Taking Care of the Unexpected

solution. For transporting instructions, see page 138 .

Honda does not recommend that you make a temporary repair to a tube-type tire.

However, if you decide to make a temporary repair so you can get to a service facility, ride cautiously at reduced speed and have the tube and tire replaced before you ride again.

03/08/21 10:19:30 31KPJ630_158

Riding your motorcycle with a temporary tire or tube repair can be risky. If the temporary repair fails, you can crash and be seriously injured or killed.

If you must ride with a temporary tire repair, ride slowly and carefully and do not exceed 30 mph (50 km/h) until the tire and tube are replaced.

Due to the uncertainty of any temporary repair, you should ride slowly (not over 30 mph, 50 km/h) and carefully (preferably without a passenger or cargo) until the tire and tube are replaced. Stop frequently and

If You Have a Flat Tire

check the air pressure. If the tire is losing pressure, it may be unsafe to continue riding. As the tire gets low, it will affect the handling of your motorcycle

(especially with a passenger and cargo) and it may overheat and blow out.

Should You Repair or Replace a

Tire or Tube?

We strongly recommend that you replace, not repair, any tire or tube that is punctured or damaged, even if the tire has only a minor puncture. For a full discussion of repairs and replacement, see the text beginning on page 110 .

Taking Care of the Unexpected

149

03/08/21 10:19:42 31KPJ630_159

If You Have a Flat Tire

Emergency Front Wheel

Removal/Installation

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

We recommend wheel removal be done only by your Honda dealer or another qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to remove the wheel on your own. Wheel removal requires mechanical skill and professional tools.

Removal

1.

Park your motorcycle on a firm, level surface.

2.

Raise the front wheel off the ground by placing a support block under the engine.

150

Taking Care of the Unexpected

3.

Remove the speedometer cable set

4.

Remove the front brake adjusting nut

5.

from the brake arm.

LEFT FRONT

(5)

(3)

(1)

(2)

(4)

(1) speedometer cable set screw

(2) speedometer cable

(3) front brake adjusting nut

(4) brake cable

(5) front axle nut

03/08/21 10:19:59 31KPJ630_160

6.

and side collar.

RIGHT FRONT

(6)

(6) front axle shaft

If You Have a Flat Tire

Installation

1.

Install the side collar and position the wheel between the fork legs. Insert the front axle shaft from the right side, through the left fork leg and wheel hub.

LEFT FRONT

(3)

(2)

(1)

(1) tang

(2) slot

(3) brake panel

(cont’d)

Taking Care of the Unexpected

151

03/08/21 10:20:07 31KPJ630_161

If You Have a Flat Tire

2.

Tighten the front axle nut to the specified torque:

43 lbf·ft (59 N·m , 6.0 kgf·m)

3.

Install the brake cable and front brake adjusting nut.

4.

Operate the front brake and pump the fork several times. Check for free wheel rotation after the brake is released. Recheck the wheel if the brake drags or the wheel does not rotate freely.

If a torque wrench was not used for installation, see your Honda dealer as soon as possible to verify proper assembly.

Improper assembly may lead to loss of braking capability.

5.

Install the speedometer cable and tighten the screw securely.

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If You Have a Flat Tire

Emergency Rear Wheel

Removal/Installation

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 54 .

We recommend wheel removal be done only by your Honda dealer or another qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to remove the wheel on your own. Wheel removal requires mechanical skill and professional tools.

Removal

1.

Park your motorcycle on a firm, level surface.

2.

Raise the rear wheel off the ground by placing a support block under the engine.

3.

rear brake pedal.

RIGHT REAR

(1)

(3)

(2)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(1) brake adjusting nut

(2) brake rod

(3) brake arm

(4) brake stopper arm

(5) cotter pin

(6) stopper arm nut

Taking Care of the Unexpected

153

03/08/21 11:08:03 31KPJ630_163

If You Have a Flat Tire

4.

Disconnect the brake stopper arm ( 4 ) from the brake panel by removing the cotter pin ( 5 ), stopper arm nut ( 6 ), washer and rubber grommet.

LEFT REAR

(7)

5.

holding the axle at the other end with a

6.

wrench.

Remove the drive chain ( 8 ) from the rear sprocket by pushing the rear wheel

7.

forward.

Remove the rear axle shaft ( 9 ), rear wheel and side collars from the swingarm.

RIGHT REAR

(9)

(7) rear axle nut

(8)

(8) drive chain

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Taking Care of the Unexpected

(9) rear axle shaft

03/08/21 10:20:50 31KPJ630_164

Installation

1.

Install the side collars.

2.

Place the wheel into the swingarm and install the drive chain over the rear sprocket.

3.

Insert the rear axle shaft from the right side, through the right swingarm, brake

4.

panel, wheel hub.

Reassemble the brake stopper arm.

Tighten the stopper arm nut to the specified torque:

16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)

5.

6.

Connect the brake rod to the brake arm.

Adjust the drive chain (page 115 ) and

101 ).

7.

rear brake pedal free play (page

Tighten the rear axle nut to the specified torque:

43 lbf·ft (59 N·m , 6.0 kgf·m)

If You Have a Flat Tire

8.

After installing the wheel, apply the brake several times. Check for free wheel rotation after the brake is released. Recheck the wheel if the brake drags or the wheel does not rotate freely.

If a torque wrench was not used for installation, see your Honda dealer as soon as possible to verify proper assembly.

Improper assembly may lead to loss of braking capability.

Used cotter pins may not effectively secure fasteners. Always replace used cotter pins with new ones.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

155

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If a Fuse Blows

All of the electrical circuits on your motorcycle have fuses to protect them from damage caused by excess current flow (short circuit or overload).

If something electrical on your motorcycle stops working, the first thing you should check for is a blown fuse.

Determine from the chart on the circuit fuse box cover which fuse or fuses control that component. Check those fuses first, but check all the fuses before looking elsewhere for another possible cause of the problem. Replace any blown fuses and check component operation.

The main fuse is located on the starter seat.

The circuit fuse boxes (including spare fuses) are located under the seat.

Recommended Fuses main fuse other fuses

20A

10A

1.

To prevent an accidental short circuit, turn the ignition switch OFF before checking or replacing the fuses.

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Taking Care of the Unexpected

03/08/21 10:21:08 31KPJ630_166

2.

the seat (page

71

).

UNDER SEAT

(2)

(1)

(3)

(4)

(1) main fuse

(2) wire connector

(3) starter magnetic switch

(4) spare main fuse

If a Fuse Blows

3.

4.

Pull the fuse out. If the main fuse is

5.

Reconnect the wire connector.

6.

Install the seat.

7.

For access to the circuit fuses,remove the seat (page 71 ).

8.

9.

To check or replace a circuit fuse, pull the old fuse out of its retaining clips.

Look for a burned wire inside the fuse.

If the fuse is blown (

7

), replace it with a spare fuse ( 8 ) of the same rating or lower.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

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03/08/21 10:21:19 31KPJ630_167

If a Fuse Blows

UNDER SEAT

(5)

(7)

(6)

(5) fuse box cover

(6) fuse box

(8)

(8) spare fuses

(7) blown fuse

10.

11.

Install the fuse box cover.

Install the seat.

If you do not have a replacement fuse with the proper rating for the circuit, install one with a lower rating.

Replacing a f use with one that has a higher rating greatly increases the chance of damage to the electrical system.

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Taking Care of the Unexpected

03/08/21 10:21:25 31KPJ630_168

If you do not have a spare fuse and you cannot ride the motorcycle without fixing the problem, take a fuse of the same rating or a lower rating from one of the other circuits that you can do without temporarily.

If you replace a blown fuse with a spare fuse that has a lower rating, replace the fuse with the correct rating as soon as you can. Also remember to replace any spare fuses that were installed.

If the replacement fuse of the same rating burns out in a short time, there is probably a serious electrical problem on your motorcycle. Leave the blown fuse in that circuit and have your motorcycle checked by your Honda dealer.

If a Fuse Blows

Taking Care of the Unexpected

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If You Crash

Personal safety is your first priority after any accident. If you or anyone else has been injured, take time to assess the severity of the injuries and whether it is safe to continue riding. Call for emergency assistance if needed. Also follow applicable laws and regulations if another person or vehicle is involved in the accident.

If you decide you are capable of riding safely, carefully inspect your motorcycle for damage and determine if it is safe to ride. Check the tightness of critical nuts and bolts securing such parts as the handlebar, control levers, brakes, and wheels.

If there is minor damage, or you are unsure about possible damage, ride slowly and cautiously. Sometimes, crash damage is hidden or not immediately apparent, so you should have your motorcycle thoroughly checked at a qualified service facility as soon as possible. Also, be sure to have your Honda dealer check the frame and suspension after any serious crash.

If your motorcycle cannot be ridden, see

Transporting Your Motorcycle,

page 138 .

160

Taking Care of the Unexpected

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Be sure to record your key number in the

Quick Reference section at the rear of the manual. You’ll need this number to have a duplicate key made.

A lost key won’t be a problem if you take preventative action. Store one duplicate key in a safe place at home and carry a second duplicate in your wallet.

If you lose your key and aren’t carrying a duplicate, either get your spare or have one made. If you don’t know your key number, call the dealer you purchased your Honda from. They may have it listed in their records. If they don’t, transport your motorcycle to them or the nearest

Honda dealer. The dealer will probably have to remove the ignition switch assembly to find the key number so they can make a key for you.

If You Lose Your Key

Taking Care of the Unexpected

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If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead)

Jump starting is not recommended, especially if you use an automobile battery.

The greater amperage of an automobile battery when the car engine is running can damage your motorcycle’s electrical system.

Bump starting is also not recommended.

If you can’t charge the battery or it appears unable to hold a charge, contact your Honda dealer.

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This section contains dimensions, capacities, and other technical data, plus information on government requirements and how to break-in your motorcycle.

Technical Information

Vehicle Identification ..........................

. 164

License Plate Installation ....................

. 167

Specifications ......................................

. 168

Break-in Guidelines .............................

. 175

High Altitude Carburetor

Adjustment ...........................................

. 176

Emission Control Systems ..................

. 177

Oxygenated Fuels ................................

. 182

Technical Information

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Vehicle Identification

Serial Numbers

The frame, VIN, and engine serial numbers are required when you register your motorcycle. They may also be required when ordering replacement parts.

You may record these numbers in the

Quick Reference section at the rear of this manual.

The VIN (vehicle identification number) appears on the Safety Certification Label attached to the left side of the steering head.

LEFT SIDE

(1)

(1) VIN

164

Technical Information

03/08/21 10:22:07 31KPJ630_174 right side of the steering head.

RIGHT SIDE

(2)

Vehicle Identification

left side of the crankcase.

LEFT SIDE

(3)

(2) frame number (3) engine number

Technical Information

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03/08/21 10:22:15 31KPJ630_175

Vehicle Identification

Color Label & Code

The color label is attached to the frame under the seat. Remove the seat (page

71

) to check the label.

The color code is helpful when ordering replacement parts. You may record the color and code in the Quick Reference section at the rear of this manual.

UNDER SEAT

(1)

(1) color label

166

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03/08/21 10:22:23 31KPJ630_176 heads of the plate mounting screws, as shown, to prevent possible vibration damage to the plate.

The washers are placed in a plastic bag in the document compartment.

REAR

(1)

(1) license plate

(2) washers

(2)

License Plate Installation

Technical Information

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03/08/21 10:22:35 31KPJ630_177

Specifications

Dimensions

overall length overall width overall height wheelbase ground clearance

Weight

dry weight

82.4 in (2,092 mm)

29.2 in (741 mm)

42.8 in (1,087 mm)

56.3 in (1,430 mm)

6.3 in (160 mm)

287 lbs (130 kg)

289 lbs (131 kg)

California only

168

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Specifications

Fuel & Lubricants

fuel recommendation fuel tank capacity fuel tank reserve engine oil capacity engine oil recommendation drive chain lubricant unleaded gasoline, pump octane number of 86 or higher

4.23 US gal (16.0 )

0.85 US gal (3.2 ) after disassembly: after draining: including reserve

1.9 US qt (1.8 )

1.6 US qt (1.5 )

API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label, SAE 10W-40, JASO T 903 standard MA,

Pro Honda GN4 or HP4 (without molybdenum additives)

4-stroke oil , or an equivalent motorcycle oil

SAE 80 or 90 gear oil

Technical Information

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Specifications

Capacities

passenger capacity maximum weight capacity

Operator and one passenger

352 lbs (160 kg) rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories

Engine Specifications

displacement bore & stroke compression ratio spark plug (standard) spark plug

(cold climate)

14.3 cu-in (234 cm )

2.09

× 2.09 in (53.0

× 53.0 mm)

9.2 : 1

CR6HSA (NGK)

CR5HSA (NGK) or or

U20FSR − U (DENSO)

U16FSR − U (DENSO)

CR7HSA (NGK) or

U22FSR

U (DENSO) spark plug (high speed riding) valve clearance intake: 0.003 in (0.08 mm)

(cold) spark plug gap idle speed exhaust: 0.003 in (0.08 mm)

0.024

− 0.028 in (0.60

− 0.70 mm)

1,500 ± 100 rpm

170

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Power Transmission

primary reduction gear ratio, 1st

2nd

3rd

4th

5th final reduction standard sprocket sizes final drive

3.631

2.846

1.777

1.333

1.083

0.913

2.357

drive (engine) sprocket: 14 teeth driven (rear wheel) sprocket: 33 teeth chain

DID520VC5 or RK520MOZ9

Specifications

Technical Information

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03/08/21 10:23:29 31KPJ630_181

Specifications

Chassis & Suspension

caster trail tire size, front

28°46’

4.3 in (108 mm) tire size, rear tire pressure, front

90/100 − 18M/C 54S

120/90 − 16M/C 63S

29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm )

(cold) tire pressure, rear

(cold)

29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm )

Electrical

battery generator

12 V − 7 Ah

0.16 kW

172

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Lights

headlight brake/tail light turn signal lights instrument lights neutral indicator turn signal indicator high beam indicator side stand indicator

12V-60/55W

12V-3/32CP

12V-32CP

12V-32CP

12V-3.4W

(front)

(rear)

12V-3.4W

12V-3.4W

12V-3.4W

12V-3.4W

Specifications

Technical Information

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03/08/21 10:23:51 31KPJ630_183

Specifications

Fuses

main other fuses

20A

10A

Torque Specifications

oil drain bolt

18 lbf·ft (25 N·m , 2.5 kgf·m) front wheel axle rear wheel axle nut

43 lbf·ft (59 N·m , 6.0 kgf·m)

43 lbf·ft (59 N·m , 6.0 kgf·m)

174

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Help assure your motorcycle’s future reliability and performance by paying extra attention to how you ride during the first 300 miles (500 km).

During this period, avoid full-throttle starts and rapid acceleration.

Break-in Guidelines

Technical Information

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03/08/21 10:24:01 31KPJ630_185

High Altitude Carburetor Adjustment

Your engine’s air-fuel mixture becomes overly rich when operated at high altitudes.

Above 6,500 feet (2,000 m), a rich mixture can cause driveability problems, reduce engine performance, and increase fuel consumption. To compensate, you can have the carburetors adjusted for high altitude riding. See your Honda dealer.

However, the carburetors must be returned to standard factory specifications before riding again at lower altitudes (below

5,000 feet, 1,500 m). See your Honda dealer.

Sustained riding at lower altitudes with the lean high-altitude setting may cause rough idling, stalling, or engine damage from overheating.

176

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03/08/21 10:24:07 31KPJ630_186

Exhaust Emission Requirements

The U. S. Environmental Protection

Agency (EPA) and the California Air

Resources Board (CARB) require that your motorcycle comply with applicable exhaust emissions standards during its useful life, when operated and maintained according to the instructions provided.

The Vehicle Emission Control frame below the seat.

The Vacuum Hose Routing Diagram label the seat (California only).

Emission Control Systems

UNDER SEAT

(2)

(1)

(1) vehicle emission control information label

(2) vacuum hose routing diagram label

Technical Information

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03/08/21 10:24:12 31KPJ630_187

Emission Control Systems

Noise Emission Requirements

The EPA also requires that motorcycles built after January 1, 1983 comply with applicable noise emission standards for one year or 3,730 miles (6,000 km) after the time of sale to the ultimate purchaser, when operated and maintained according to the instructions provided.

Warranty Compliance

Compliance with the terms of the

Distributor’s Warranties for Honda

Motorcycle Emission Control Systems is necessary in order to keep the emissions system warranty in effect.

Source of Exhaust Emissions

The combustion process produces carbon monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), and hydrocarbons (HC). Control of hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen is very important because, under certain conditions, they react to form photochemical smog when subjected to sunlight. Carbon monoxide does not react in the same way, but it is toxic.

Honda Motor Co., Ltd. utilizes lean carburetor settings and other systems to reduce carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons.

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Exhaust Emission Control System

The exhaust emission control system consists of lean carburetor settings, and no adjustment should be made except idle speed adjustment with the throttle stop screw.

Emission Control Systems

Evaporative Emission Control System

(California only)

This motorcycle complies with the requirements of the California Air

Resources Board (CARB) evaporative emission regulations. Fuel vapor from the fuel tank and carburetor is directed into the charcoal canister and air cleaner where it is absorbed and stored while the engine is stopped. When the engine is running and the purge control diaphragm valve is open, fuel vapor in the charcoal canister and air cleaner is drawn into the engine through the carburetor.

Technical Information

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03/08/21 10:24:22 31KPJ630_189

Emission Control Systems

Crankcase Emission Control System

The engine is equipped with a closed crankcase system to prevent discharging crankcase emissions into the atmosphere.

Blow-by gas is returned to the combustion chamber through the air cleaner and the carburetor.

Problems That May Affect Motorcycle

Exhaust Emissions

If you are aware of any of the following symptoms, have the vehicle inspected and repaired by your authorized Honda motorcycle dealer.

Symptoms:

1.

Hard starting or stalling after starting

2.

3.

Rough idle

Misfiring or backfiring during

4.

5.

acceleration

After-burning (backfiring)

Poor performance (driveability) and poor fuel economy

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Noise Emission Control System

TAMPERING WITH THE NOISE

CONTROL SYSTEM IS PROHIBITED:

U. S. federal law prohibits, or Canadian provincial laws may prohibit the following removal or rendering inoperative by any person, other than for purposes of maintenance, repair or replacement, of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use; device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person.

Emission Control Systems

AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED

TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE

THE FOLLOWING ACTS:

1.

Removal of, or puncturing the muffler, baffles, header pipes or any other component which conducts exhaust gases.

2.

Removal of, or puncturing of any part of the intake system.

3.

4.

Lack of proper maintenance.

Replacing any moving parts of the vehicle, or parts of the exhaust or intake system, with parts other than those specified by the manufacturer.

Technical Information

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Oxygenated Fuels

Some conventional gasolines are being blended with alcohol or an ether compound. These gasolines are collectively referred to as oxygenated fuels. To meet clean air standards, some areas of the United States use oxygenated fuels to help reduce emissions.

If you use an oxygenated fuel, be sure it is unleaded and meets the minimum octane rating requirement.

Before using an oxygenated fuel, try to confirm the fuel’s contents. Some states/ provinces require this information to be posted on the pump.

The following are the EPA-approved percentages of oxygenates:

ETHANOL (ethyl or grain alcohol) 10% by Volume

You may use gasoline containing up to

10% ethanol by volume. Gasoline containing ethanol may be marketed under the name ‘‘Gasohol.’’

MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) 15% by Volume

You may use gasoline containing up to

15% MTBE by volume.

182

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METHANOL (methyl or wood alcohol)

5% by Volume

You may use gasoline containing methanol containing up to 5% methanol by volume as long as it also contains cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors to protect the fuel system. Gasoline containing more than 5% methanol by volume may cause starting and/or performance problems. It may also damage metal, rubber, and plastic parts of your fuel system.

If you notice any undesirable operating symptoms, try another service station or switch to another brand of gasoline.

Oxygenated Fuels

Fuel system damage or performance problems resulting from the use of an oxygenated fuel containing more than the percentages of oxygenates mentioned above are not covered under warranty.

Oxygenated fuels can damage paint and plastic. Be careful not to spill fuel when filling the fuel tank. Wipe up any spills immediately.

Oxygenated f uels can damage paint and plastic. Damage caused by spilled f uel is not covered by warranty.

Technical Information

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03/08/21 10:24:44 31KPJ630_193

184

Technical Information

03/08/21 10:24:49 31KPJ630_194

This section contains information on your warranty and how to get an official Honda service manual.

Consumer Information

Authorized Manuals ............................

. 186

Warranty Coverage .............................

. 189

Warranty Service .................................

. 190

Contacting Honda ................................

. 191

Your Honda Dealer .............................

. 192

The Honda Rider’s Club

Reporting Safety Defects

.....................

. 193

...................

. 194

Consumer Information

185

03/08/21 10:24:58 31KPJ630_195

Authorized Manuals

The Service Manual (Publication Item No.

dealer is available from Helm, Inc.

61KPJ03 ) used by your authorized Honda

Also available, but not necessary, to service your model is the Honda Common Service

Manual (Publication No. 61CM001 ), which explains theory of operation and basic service information for various systems common to all Honda motorcycles, motor scooters and

ATVs.

These Honda manuals are written for the professional technician, but most mechanicallycapable owners should find them easy to use if they have the proper tools and observe proper safety standards. Special Honda tools are necessary for some procedures.

Publication Item No.

61KPJ03

Description

2004 CB250 Service Manual

61CM001

31KPJ630

Common Service Manual

2004 CB250 Owner’s Manual

* Pr ices ar e subject to change without notice and without incur r ing obligation.

Price Each

$36.00

$48.00

$16.00

186

Consumer Information

03/08/21 10:25:08 31KPJ630_196

Order On-Line: www.helminc.com

Order Toll Free: 1-888-CYCLE93

(1-888-292-5393)

(NOTE: For Credit Card Orders Only)

Monday

Friday 8:00 AM

6:00 PM EST

OR

By completing this form you can order the materials desired. You can pay by check or money order, or charge to your credit card. Mail to Helm, Inc. at the address shown on the back of this order form (USA only).

Publication

Item No.

Item Description Qty.

Price

Each

Total

Price

Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring obligation.

Orders are mailed within 10 days. Please allow adequate time for delivery.

Sub Total

Mich. Purchasers

Add 6 % Sales Tax

Handling Charge

Grand Total

$4.00

Consumer Information

187

03/08/21 10:25:24 31KPJ630_197

I I

NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the name of the person to whose attention the shipment should be sent.

Attention Customer Name

Street Address - No P. O. Box Number

State

Apartment Number

Zip Code City

Daytime Telephone Number

( )

Check or money order enclosed payable to Helm Inc.

U.S. funds only. Do not send cash.

Account Number MasterCard

VISA

Discover

Customer Signature

Check here if your billing address is different from the shipping address shown above.

Expiration: Mo. Yr.

Date

These Publications cannot be returned for credit without receiving advance authorization within 14 days of delivery. On returns, a restocking fee may be applied against the original order.

HELM

P.O. BOX 07280, DETROIT, MICHIGAN 48207

188

Consumer Information

03/08/21 10:25:32 31KPJ630_198

Your new Honda is covered by these warranties:

Motorcycle Limited Warranty

Exhaust Emission Warranty

Noise Control Warranty

There are responsibilities, restrictions, and exclusions which apply to these warranties.

Please read the Warranties Booklet given to you by your Honda dealer at the time of purchase. Be sure to keep your Honda owner’s card with your Warranties

Booklet.

It is important to realize that your warranty applies to defects in material or workmanship of your Honda. Your warranty coverage does not apply to normal wear or deterioration associated with using the motorcycle.

Warranty Coverage

Your warranty coverage will not be voided if you choose to perform your own maintenance. However, you should have the proper tools and service information and be mechanically qualified. Failures that occur due directly to improper maintenance are not covered.

Almost all of your warranty coverage can be extended through the Honda Protection

Plan. For more information, see your

Honda dealer.

Consumer Information

189

03/08/21 10:25:39 31KPJ630_199

Warranty Service

Please remember that recommended maintenance interval servicing is not included in your warranty coverage.

Additionally, your warranty does not apply to the normal wear of items (such as brakes, tires, etc.).

If you believe you have a problem with your motorcycle, call the service department of your Honda dealer. Make an appointment for an inspection and diagnosis. Remember, as the owner of the motorcycle, you will be asked to authorize that inspection. Your dealer will give you the results of the inspection. If the problem is covered under warranty, your dealer will perform the warranty repairs for you.

If you have questions about warranty coverage or the nature of the repair, it is best to talk to the service manager of your

Honda dealer.

Sometimes, in spite of the best intentions of all concerned, a misunderstanding may occur. If you aren’t satisfied with your dealer’s handling of the situation, we suggest you discuss your problem with the appropriate member of the dealership’s management team. If the problem has already been reviewed with the Service

Manager, Parts Manager, Sales Manager, etc., contact the Owner of the dealership or their designated representative.

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Consumer Information

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Your owner’s manual was written to cover most of the questions you might ask about your Honda. Any questions not answered in the owner’s manual can be answered by your Honda dealer. If your dealer doesn’t have the answer right away, they will get it for you.

If you have a difference of opinion with your dealer, please remember that each dealership is independently owned and operated. That’s why it’s important to work to resolve any differences at the dealership level.

If you wish to comment on your experiences with your Honda or with your dealer, please send your comments to the following address:

Contacting Honda

Motorcycle Division, American Honda

Motor Co., Inc., P.O. Box 2220, Torrance,

CA 90509-2220, mailstop: 100-4W-5B, telephone: (310) 532-9811.

Canada: Refer to the Warranties Booklet that was supplied with your vehicle.

Please include the following information in your letter: name, address, and telephone number product model, year, and frame/VIN serial number date of purchase dealer name and address

We will likely ask your Honda dealer to respond, or possibly acknowledge your comments directly.

Consumer Information

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03/08/21 10:25:53 31KPJ630_201

Your Honda Dealer

Once you purchase your new Honda, get familiar with the organization of your

Honda dealer so you can utilize the full range of services available.

The service department is there to perform regular maintenance and unexpected repairs. It has the latest available service information from Honda. The service department will also handle warranty inspections and repairs.

The parts department offers Genuine

Honda parts, Pro Honda products,

Hondaline accessories. and the same quality that went into your Honda can be found in Genuine Honda replacement parts. You’ll also find comparable quality in the accessories and products available from the parts department.

192

Consumer Information

The sales department offers the Honda

Protection Plan to extend almost all of your warranty coverage.

Your Honda dealer can inform you about competition and other riding events in your area. You’ll also find that your dealer is a source of information about American

Honda’s Rider Education Centers and the

Honda Rider’s Club of America.

We’re sure you’ll be as pleased with the service your Honda dealer continues to provide after the sale as you are with the quality and dependability of your Honda.

03/08/21 10:26:02 31KPJ630_202

One of the best ways to get the most enjoyment from owning your Honda is to join the Honda Rider’s Club of America

(HRCA). Your purchase of a new motorcycle, scooter or ATV from a participating Honda dealer entitles you to a complimentary one-year membership.

The HRCA has hundreds of dealersponsored chapters throughout the USA.

Some of the HRCA membership benefits include:

24-hr. emergency roadside assistance for your Honda or transport vehicle.

Transportation for your Honda or transport vehicle to the nearest Honda dealer or service facility if roadside assistance can’t get you going again.

Reimbursement (to $75) for motorcycle and scooter rider training from the

Motorcycle Safety Foundation. Free

The Honda Rider’s Club

ATV rider training is available from the

Specialty Vehicle Institute of America with the purchase of a new Honda ATV.

A subscription to

Honda Red Rider,

a bi-monthly insider’s magazine for all members.

Special members-only HRCA website.

Discounts from HRCA partners for both on and off-road riding schools and adventure packages.

Hospitality at national events.

Optional insurance, club pin, patch, etc.

Contact your Honda dealer for more information or call: 1-800-847-HRCA.

For a complete list of all HRCA benefits and services, refer to your HRCA membership benefits manual or visit our website at www.honda.com.

Consumer Information

193

03/08/21 10:26:08 31KPJ630_203

Reporting Safety Defects

If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway

Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying American Honda

Motor Co., Inc.

If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your dealer, or American

Honda Motor Co., Inc.

To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at

1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in

Washington, D.C. area) or write to:

NHTSA, U.S. Department of

Transportation, Washington, D.C. 20590.

You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from the

Hotline.

194

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03/08/21 10:26:10 31KPJ630_204

Consumer Information

195

03/08/21 10:26:15 31KPJ630_205

Table of Contents

The following presents the contents of each section of your owner’s manual.

MOTORCYCLE SAFETY ..................

. 1

Important Safety Information .................

. 2

Accessories & Modifications ..................

. 5

Safety Labels ...........................................

. 7

INSTRUMENTS & CONTROLS .......

. 9

Component Locations ...........................

. 10

Indicators ...............................................

. 13

Controls & Features

Fuel Valve ..........................................

. 17

Choke Knob .......................................

. 17

Ignition Switch ..................................

. 18

Start Button ........................................

. 19

Engine Stop Switch ...........................

. 19

Headlight Dimmer Switch ................

. 20

Turn Signal Switch ............................

. 20

Horn Button .......................................

. 21

196

Table of Contents

Tripmeter Reset Knob .......................

. 21

BEFORE RIDING ...............................

. 23

Are You Ready to Ride ? .....................

. 24

Protective Apparel .............................

. 24

Rider Training ...................................

. 26

Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride ? ...

. 27

Pre-ride Inspection ............................

. 27

Load Limits & Guidelines .....................

. 30

Loading ..............................................

. 30

Load Limits .......................................

. 31

Loading Guidelines ...........................

. 31

03/08/21 10:26:22 31KPJ630_206

BASIC OPERATION & RIDING .....

. 33

Safe Riding Precautions ........................

. 34

Starting & Stopping the Engine ............

. 35

Preparation .........................................

. 35

Starting Procedure .............................

. 36

Flooded Engine ..................................

. 38

How to Stop the Engine ....................

. 39

Shifting Gears ........................................

. 40

Braking ..................................................

. 42

Parking ...................................................

. 44

Riding with a Passenger or Cargo .........

. 47

Table of Contents

SERVICING YOUR HONDA ...........

. 49

Bef ore You Service Your Honda

The Importance of Maintenance ...........

. 52

Maintenance Safety ...............................

. 53

Important Safety Precautions ............

. 54

Periodic Maintenance ............................

. 56

Maintenance Schedule ..........................

. 58

Maintenance Record ..............................

. 63

Service Preparations

Component Locations ...........................

. 65

Tool Kit ..................................................

. 68

Tool Kit Compartment ..........................

. 69

Owner’s Manual Storage .......................

. 70

Seat Removal .........................................

. 71

Side Cover Removal ..............................

. 72

(cont’d)

Table of Contents

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Table of Contents

SERVICING YOUR HONDA (cont’d)

Service Procedures

Fluids & Filters

Fuel ........................................................

. 73

Engine Oil ..............................................

. 76

Air Cleaner ............................................

. 84

Crankcase Breather ................................

. 86

Engine

Throttle ..................................................

. 87

Clutch System ........................................

. 89

Engine Idle Speed ..................................

. 93

Spark Plugs ............................................

. 95

Chassis

Suspension .............................................

. 98

Brakes ..................................................

. 101

Tires .....................................................

. 106

Side Stand ............................................

. 113

Drive Chain ..........................................

. 114

Electrical

Battery ..................................................

. 121

Appearance Care .................................

. 126

TIPS .....................................................

. 133

Storing Your Honda ............................

. 134

Transporting Your Motorcycle ...........

. 138

You & the Environment ......................

. 139

198

Table of Contents

03/08/21 10:26:36 31KPJ630_208

TAKING CARE OF THE

UNEXPECTED .................................

. 141

General Guidelines ..............................

. 142

If Your Engine Quits or

Won’t Start ..........................................

. 143

If You Have a Flat Tire .......................

. 148

If a Fuse Blows ....................................

. 156

If You Crash ........................................

. 160

If You Lose Your Key ........................

. 161

If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead) .......

. 162

TECHNICAL INFORMATION .....

. 163

Vehicle Identification ..........................

. 164

License Plate Installation ....................

. 167

Specifications ......................................

. 168

Break-in Guidelines .............................

. 175

High Altitude Carburetor

Adjustment ...........................................

. 176

Emission Control Systems ..................

. 177

Oxygenated Fuels ................................

. 182

Table of Contents

CONSUMER INFORMATION ......

. 185

Authorized Manuals ............................

. 186

Warranty Coverage .............................

. 189

Warranty Service .................................

. 190

Contacting Honda ................................

. 191

Your Honda Dealer .............................

. 192

The Honda Rider’s Club ....................

. 193

Reporting Safety Defects ...................

. 194

TABLE OF CONTENTS .................

. 196

INDEX ................................................

. 200

QUICK REFERENCE

Table of Contents

199

03/08/21 10:26:42 31KPJ630_209

Index

A

accessories ...............................................

. 5 air pressure, tires ..................................

. 106 altitude, high ........................................

. 176

American Honda, contacting ...............

. 191 apparel, protective appearance care

.................................

...................................

. 24

. 126

B

battery ..................................................

. 121 brakes, front lever freeplay ..........................

. 101 rear pedal freeplay ...........................

. 103 shoe wear .........................................

. 105 braking ...................................................

. 42 break-in guidelines ..............................

. 175

200

Index

C

capacity, fuel .........................................

. 74 carburetor, altitude adjustment ............

. 176 care, appearance ..................................

. 126 chain, drive ..........................................

. 114 choke knob .............................................

. 17 cleaning, appearance care ...................

. 126 clutch system .........................................

. 89 color label ............................................

. 166 compartment, owner’s manual .................................

. 70 tool kit ................................................

. 69

03/08/21 10:26:49 31KPJ630_210 component locations, indicators and controls ......................

. 10 maintenance .......................................

. 65 consumer information .........................

. 185 customer service ..................................

. 191

D

defects, safety ......................................

. 194 drive chain ...........................................

. 114

E

emission control systems .....................

. 177 engine, flooded ...............................................

. 38 idle speed ...........................................

. 93 number .............................................

. 165

Index

oil .......................................................

. 76 pinging ...............................................

. 73 starting ...............................................

. 35 stop switch .........................................

. 19 stopping ..............................................

. 39 won’t start ........................................

. 143 environment .........................................

. 139

F

flat tire ..................................................

. 148 flooded engine .......................................

. 38 frame number ......................................

. 165

(cont’d)

Index

201

03/08/21 10:26:55 31KPJ630_211

Index

fuel, oxygenated .......................................

. 182 recommendation ................................

. 73 tank capacity ......................................

. 74 valve ...................................................

. 17 fuses .....................................................

. 156

G

gap, spark plug .......................................

. 96 gasohol .................................................

. 182 gasoline ..................................................

. 73

H

headlight dimmer switch .......................

. 20 helmet holder .........................................

. 45 high altitude carburetor adjustment ....

. 176

202

Index

high beam indicator ...............................

. 16

Honda, contacting ........................................

. 191

Rider’s Club .....................................

. 193 dealer ................................................

. 192

Honda service manual .........................

. 186 horn button .............................................

. 21

I

identification, vehicle ..........................

. 164 idle speed, engine ..................................

. 93 ignition cutoff system, side stand .........

. 35 ignition switch .......................................

. 18 indicators ................................................

. 13 inspection, pre-ride ................................

. 27

03/08/21 10:27:02 31KPJ630_212

K

key, lost ................................................

. 161 kit, tool ...................................................

. 68

L

labels, safety ............................................

. 6 lamp check .............................................

. 14 license plate installation ......................

. 167 limit, weight ...........................................

. 31 load limits ..............................................

. 31 loading guidelines ..................................

. 31 location, components, indicators & controls .........................

. 10 maintenance .......................................

. 65 lock, steering ..........................................

. 44

Index

M

maintenance, importance .........................................

. 52 periodic ..............................................

. 56 record .................................................

. 63 safety ..................................................

. 53 schedule .............................................

. 58 manual, service ....................................

. 186 maximum weight limit ..........................

. 31 modifications ...........................................

. 6

N

numbers, serial .....................................

. 164

Index

203

03/08/21 10:27:09 31KPJ630_213

Index

O

odometer ................................................

. 13 oil, engine .................................................

. 76 operating controls ..................................

. 17 owner’s manual storage .........................

. 70 oxygenated fuels ..................................

. 182

P

parking ...................................................

. 44 pinging, engine ......................................

. 73 plugs, spark ............................................

. 95 pre-load, suspension rear .....................................................

. 99 pre-ride inspection .................................

. 27 problems, unexpected ..........................

. 141

204

Index

protective apparel ..................................

. 24

R

removal, seat .....................................................

. 71 side cover ...........................................

. 72 reporting safety defects .......................

. 194 rider training ......................................

. 2, 26

Rider’s Club, Honda ............................

. 193 riding, basic operation ...................................

. 33 clothing ..............................................

. 24 precautions .........................................

. 34 safety ....................................................

. 2 safety precautions ..............................

. 34 with passenger or cargo .....................

. 47

03/08/21 10:27:13 31KPJ630_214

S

safety, important precautions ........................

. 54 labels ....................................................

. 7 reporting defects ..............................

. 194 riding precautions ..............................

. 34 schedule, maintenance ...........................

. 58 seat removal ...........................................

. 71 serial numbers ......................................

. 164 service, customer ...........................................

. 191 manuals ............................................

. 186 warranty ...........................................

. 190 shifting gears .........................................

. 40 side cover removal .................................

. 72 side stand .............................................

. 113 side stand ignition cutoff system ..........

. 35 spark knock ............................................

. 73

Index

spark plugs .............................................

. 95 specifications .......................................

. 168 speedometer ...........................................

. 15 stand, side ............................................

. 113 start button .............................................

. 19 starting, engine .................................................

. 35 troubleshooting ................................

. 143 steering lock ...........................................

. 44 stop switch, engine ................................

. 19 stopping engine ......................................

. 39 storage, motorcycle .......................................

. 134 owner’s manual .................................

. 70 suspension, rear suspension adjustment ...............

. 99 rear suspension spring pre-load .........

. 99

(cont’d)

Index

205

03/08/21 10:27:19 31KPJ630_215

Index

switch, headlight dimmer ...............................

. 20 ignition ...............................................

. 18 turn signal ..........................................

. 20

T

theft prevention tips ...............................

. 46 tires, air pressure .......................................

. 106 flat ....................................................

. 148 replacing ..........................................

. 110 tool kit ....................................................

. 68 training, rider .....................................

. 2, 26 transporting your motorcycle ..............

. 138 tripmeter .................................................

. 16 tripmeter reset knob ...............................

. 21 trouble, unexpected .............................

. 141 troubleshooting, starting ......................

. 143

206

Index

turn signal indicator ...............................

. 16

V

valve, fuel ..............................................

. 17 vehicle identification no. (VIN) ..........

. 164

03/08/21 10:27:23 31KPJ630_216

W

warranty, coverage ...........................................

. 189 extended ...........................................

. 189 service ..............................................

. 190 washing your motorcycle ....................

. 128 weight limit ............................................

. 31 wheels, front removal ...................................

. 150 rear removal .....................................

. 153

Index

Index

207

03/08/21 10:27:25 31KPJ630_217

208

Memo

03/08/21 10:27:32 31KPJ630_218

The following is a brief, but important collection of information you need to know about your Honda. You’ll also find space to record important notes.

Quick Reference

How To Avoid Costly Repairs

The engine of your Honda can be the most expensive component to repair. Proper maintenance, especially the use of the recommended fluids and filters, prevents premature wear and damage.

Frequent causes of costly repairs are:

Engine oil: insufficient quantity, improper oil.

Air cleaner: dirty, leaking because of improper installation (poor seal).

Record important information on the following page:

Quick Reference

03/08/21 10:27:37 31KPJ630_219

Quick Reference

VIN/Frame No.

Engine No.

Frame No.

Ignition Key No.

Color Label

Owner’s Name

Address

City/State

Phone

Dealer’s Name

Address

City/State

Phone

Service Mgr.

Quick Reference

03/08/21 10:27:49 31KPJ630_220

Scheduled

Maintenance

Pre-ride

Inspection

Periodic

Checks

Fuel/Capacity

Engine Oil

Maximum

Weight

Capacity

Quick Reference

Initial: 600 miles (1,000 km)

Regular: every 4,000 miles (6,400 km)

Check the following items each time before you ride (page 27 ): tires, chain, leaks, loose parts, throttle, brakes, indicators, lights.

Check the following items monthly (page 57 ): tires, fluids, lights, freeplay, drive chain, fuses, nuts & bolts.

unleaded gasoline, pump octane number 86 or higher

4.23 US gal (16.0 ) reserve: 0.85 US gal (3.2 )

API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label,

SAE 10W-40, JASO T 903 standard MA,

Pro Honda GN4 or HP4 (without molybdenum additives) 4-stroke oil or an equivalent motorcycle oil

352 lbs (160 kg) rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories

Quick Reference

03/08/21 10:28:00 31KPJ630_221

Quick Reference

Tires

Tire Pressure

(cold)

Spark Plugs

Fuses

Front:

90/100 − 18M/C 54S

DUNLOP K300MA

Rear:

Front:

120/90 − 16M/C 63S

DUNLOP K327AG

29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm )

29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm )

Rear: standard: cold climate:

CR6HSA (NGK)

CR5HSA (NGK) or or

CR7HSA (NGK) high speed riding: main: other:

20A

10A

U20FSR − U (DENSO)

U16FSR − U (DENSO) or U22FSR − U (DENSO)

Quick Reference

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