Phoenix MultiPlus
Phoenix MultiPlus
Multi-functional inverter / battery charger with intelligent
shore and generator power management
Phoenix MultiPlus Explained
Multi function with intelligent shore
and generator power management
Multi phase capability
The MultiPlus gets its name from the multiple functions
it will perform. It is a powerful sinewave inverter, a
sophisticated battery charger that features adaptive
charge technology and a high speed power transfer
switch; all in a tough, compact enclosure. The
MultiPlus is much more than this, however, and it’s
many advanced, even unique, functions open a whole
new spectrum of applications.
In addition to parallel operation, multiple units can be
connected together to provide three-phase power. For
US compatible applications, units can be connected for
split phase configuration. And of course, multi phase
sets can be connected in parallel too!
Four stage adaptive charger and dual
battery charging
Powerful sinewave inverter
As an inverter MultiPlus delivers high quality pure
sinewave power for trouble free operation of all
appliances. The high peak capacity also delivers
double the rated output as starting power.
Uninterrupted AC Power (UPS function)
Switching from inverter to shore or generator and
back is automatic and so fast (within 20 milliseconds)
that computers and other connected equipment are
unaffected and continue to operate as normal.
Virtually unlimited power thanks to
parallel connection
To achieve high power solutions, several MultiPlus
can be connected together for increased inverter
and charger output. For example, four MultiPlus
24/3000/70 models will provide an output of 52A at
230V (and double that for a few seconds to start loads
such as air-conditioning) and 280A of battery charging.
Connection in this mode is straight-forward using a
simple plug-in data cable.
There are two charge outputs in each MultiPlus. The
main output benefits from a true 4-step adaptive charge
characteristic that fine tunes every charge cycle to
deliver exactly what the battery needs each time. No
more, no less. The fourth and final stage of the charge
process, battery storage mode, keeps all the batteries
in perfect condition over long periods of inactivity.
Battery temperature and voltage sensing are also
standard features. Altogether, this adds up to keeping
your battery in prefect condition. The second charge
output is float-only and intended specifically for an
engine start battery.
PowerControl©
PowerAssist©
Dealing with limited generator
or shore side/grid power
Boosting the power available from shore or
generator, an innovative feature of MultiPlus.
All models in the MultiPlus range feature
powerful battery chargers. When the largest
model is working hard it can draw almost 10A
from a 230V supply. Using the remote panel
it is possible to ‘dial-in’ the maximum current
that is available from shore or generator. The
MultiPlus will then automatically regulate the
charger taking account of other on-board
AC loads and ensuring the charger only uses
what is spare. This way it is possible to avoid
tripping the shore power or overloading the
generator.
The feature that most distinguishes the MultiPlus from other
inverter / chargers is PowerAssist. This feature takes the
principle of PowerControl to a further dimension by allowing
a MultiPlus to supplement the power available from shore or
generator to ‘assist’ during periods of high demand. Peak power
demand is almost always sustained only for short periods, either
a few minutes (in the case of items like cooking appliances) or
just a few seconds (in the case of the burst of energy needed to
start an air-conditioning or refrigeration compressor).
With the capacity of the generator or shore power set on the
remote panel, the MultiPlus detects when the load is becoming
too much for the supply and will instantly provide the extra
power required. When the demand has reduced, the unit returns
to charging the battery. This feature is equally effective in large
and small systems helping to reduce the required generator
capacity or to achieve greater things with limited shore power.
There is even a special feature to enable the MultiPlus to work
perfectly with portable generators.
Energy Unlimited
With the features of parallel connection and PowerAssist what can be achieved is truly
amazing. All the possibilities for optimising the use of energy resources are explored
in the book ‘Energy Unlimited’ that is free to download at www.victronenergy.com or
can be sent to you free of charge on request. The book provides details about effective
battery management, how to apply the MultiPlus in different circumstances and much
more practical advice on power systems in general.
Typical Installation
A Shore power
B
B Phoenix Multi remote panel
mains on
overload
boost
low battery
equalize
temperature
float
on
charger only
off
D RCB
E
Load shedding relay
C
PHOENIX MULTI CONTROL
inverter on
C Phoenix MuliPlus
12
8
16
AC distribution
20
24
28
4
0
30
shore current limiter
charger
E
inverter
mains on
inverter on
bulk
overload
absorption
low battery
float
temperature
Water Heater (10A)
Microwave (6A)
phoenix
multi plus 12/3000/120
Fridge (1A)
www.victronenergy.com
D
A
TV / DVD (1A)
Computer (1A)
Kettle (13A)
Hairdryer (8A)
Power Tools (2A)
Battery
12V/300Ahr
Services
Battery
12V/80Ahr
Starter
How it works in practice
In the harbour
PowerAssist
Endless possibilities
The example to the left shows a typical installation on a yacht,
where the owner wants the convenience of mains power
onboard at all times.
With a MultiPlus, power management goes one step further. In
the event that the onboard load exceeds the available shore
power, the inverter function works in parallel with the shore
connection to boost the total energy available and avoid
overload. This works just the same with a generator.
The working example described relates, of course, to a yacht
but you will find the MultiPlus is put to work the world over in a
hugely diverse spectrum of applications. From power in sailing
yachts on the oceans and game lodges on safari to providing
essential power back up for traffic management systems or
supplying medical equipment in ambulances. Some of the more
typical applications are highlighted below:
When in harbour the yacht connects to shore power (A). The
shore power supplies the MultiPlus (C). The MultiPlus checks
that the power is of a suitable voltage and frequency and then
feeds the shore power to the onboard circuits and uses shore
power to charge the batteries.
PowerControl
Shore power is often available at a limited amperage. The
optional remote panel (B) allows the user to inform the MultiPlus
of the shore power limit in harbour, the MultiPlus will then control
the charging output to work within the limits of the shore cord.
As more power is used for onboard circuits the charger output
automatically reduces to avoid overload.
Away from shorepower
When the yacht is disconnected from shore power, the MultiPlus
reacts instantly and continues to supply mains power to the on
board circuits using the inverter function.
• Sailing yachts, motorboats and commercial craft
• Specialist vehicles & motor homes
• Emergency and back up power
• Telecommunications & telemetry power supply
Non inverter circuits
Not all appliances are appropriate for running from the inverter
when there is no shore power because of the draining effect they
would have upon the battery. These items can be on a circuit
that is fed via a ‘load shedding’ relay (D). All MultiPlus models
can be programmed to operate such a relay and the EasyPlus
even has the device built in. This is another innovative feature of
the MultiPlus product range.
MultiPlus Compact
The MultiPlus is available in standard and compact format. The
compact model is available up to 1600VA and shares all of the same
features as the standard version except that it is supplied in a smaller
enclosure. The compact versions also benefit from having battery
cables supplied and plug-in connections for mains power in and out
– so installation is as straight forward as can be, straight out of the box.
• Remote buildings
• Medical, military and scientific
• Alternative energy systems
PowerControl©
Battery charger reduces its output, if required, to avoid overload of supply when onboard consumption is high.
Multi remote panel
B
MultiPlus
C
PHOENIX MULTI CONTROL
inverter on
mains on
overload
boost
low battery
equalize
temperature
16
24
28
0
charger only
AC distribution
20
4
float
on
A
12
8
30
shore current limiter
off
16A
mains on
inverter on
bulk
overload
absorption
low battery
float
temperature
D
Microwave (6A)
Fridge (1A)
phoenix
multi plus 12/3000/120
Shore Power
Water Heater (10A)
RCD
TV / DVD (1A)
www.victronenergy.com
Computer (1A)
Kettle (13A)
Hairdryer (8A)
13A
Battery 12V/300Ahr
Services
Power Tools (2A)
Reduced charge to battery
PowerAssist©
Inverter boosts shore power, if required, to avoid overload of supply when onboard consumption exceeds supply.
Multi remote panel
B
C
PHOENIX MULTI CONTROL
inverter on
mains on
overload
boost
low battery
equalize
temperature
float
on
A
MultiPlus
charger only
off
12
16
AC distribution
20
8
24
28
4
0
30
shore current limiter
16A
Shore Power
mains on
inverter on
bulk
overload
absorption
low battery
float
temperature
D
Water Heater (10A)
Microwave (6A)
Fridge (1A)
phoenix
multi plus 12/3000/120
RCD
www.victronenergy.com
TV / DVD (1A)
Computer (1A)
Battery 12V/300Ahr
Services
Kettle (13A)
21A
Battery delivers energy to “Power Assist” shore power
Hairdryer (8A)
Power Tools (2A)
Phoenix EasyPlus
Accessories
For the more straightforward
applications we have taken
the ‘everything in one box’
concept to it’s ultimate end
in the form of the EasyPlus.
This model has everything
you get from a MultiPlus
with the addition of an inbuilt RCD and MCB’s for AC
power distribution. So you
no longer need a separate
circuit breaker panel. With
battery cables fitted and
the AC connections being
plug-in (as for all compact
models) installation could
not be any easier!
The EasyPlus truly is a
complete power system in
one box.
A range of accessory items are available to enhance the function
of your MultiPlus.
Remote control panels
The Phoenix Multi Remote Panel provides control and indication
of the unit at a remote point and connects, using a network
patch lead, to the unit. As an
alternative, remote control is
available through the VE.Net
panel that can also be used to
display battery information and
even control your generator.
Phoenix Duo Multi Control Panel
This clever remote panel allows you to set 2 different AC power
limits, one for shore power and one for the generator.
Parallel & multi-phase connection kits
Cable kits are available for connection of units in parallel or for
configuring systems in multi phase format.
VEConfigure set-up software
To enable fine tuning of your MultiPlus, VEConfigure
software is available that provides the means to easily
adjust parameters and control specific features such as
manipulating the battery charge characteristics or for
working with certain portable generators. This powerful
tool is not for everyone, however, so discuss with your
distributor how best to make use of this facility.
Battery monitoring
The BMV 501 is an ideal means of monitoring the state
of charge of your battery. It will provide voltage, current
and capacity information and much more besides. An
equally effective means of obtaining this information is
with the VE.Net monitoring module linked to the VE.Net
panel (mentioned previously).
Typical system with MultiPlus Compact and shore power
MultiPlus Compact
Isolation Transformer
BMV-501 Battery Monitor
Multi remote Panel
PHOENIX MULTI CONTROL
inverter on
mains on
overload
boost
low battery
equalize
temperature
float
on
charger only
off
Charger
mains on
inverter on
bulk
overload
absorption
low battery
temperature
16
BMV-501
AC distribution
battery monitor
20
24
28
-
0
30
shore current limiter
next
+
SETUP
(3 sec.) reset amphours
Load
shedding
relay
Inverter
float
12
8
4
phoenix
Multicompact 12/1200/50
isolation transformer
Water Heater (10A)
Microwave (6A)
Fridge (1A)
TV / DVD (1A)
Grounding
RCD
Computer (1A)
Kettle (13A)
Shore Power
Hairdryer (8A)
Power Tools (2A)
Alternator
Cyrix battery
separator
B+
DC board
DC distribution
Cabin Light
Start
Voltage sense
Water Pump
Temp Sense
Navigation Equip.
Bilge Pumps
Engine 12V/80Ah
Accessory 12V/240Ah
(2 x 12V 120Ahr)
Shower Pump
Programmable, Adaptive© 4-stage Battery Charging
‘The ultimate battery charger’
As a battery charger, the MultiPlus offers the ultimate in
programmable sophistication. The four stage ‘adaptive’ charge
characteristic, unique to Victron Energy, ensures that each and
every charge cycle delivers exactly what the battery needs.
Using ‘VEConfigure’ set up software it is possible to modify
charge characteristic and parameters to suit any type or size of
battery.
Adaptive 4-stage charging
The MultiPlus identifies how much energy remains in the battery
at the beginning of each cycle. The charge parameters are
then adapted to deliver exactly what is needed; no more and no
less. This process ensures fast and complete charging without
causing damage through overcharging. Properly charged
batteries will last much longer as well as giving you more
useable energy.
Battery storage/Reduced float
power being used, the MultiPlus assumes the system is in
storage. This is a very low charge level that prevents the
battery from discharge whilst minimizing the risk of gas
being produced. Periodically, the charger will provide a
short boost charge to keep the battery in perfect condition
regardless of how long the system is left in storage.
Battery safe
At the point at which the charger reaches maximum power
output, the greatest risk of overcharging exists. Battery
safe mode is a special feature that checks the increase in
power to prevent overcharge.
Perfect for every battery type
Using VEConfigure software, a MultiPlus can be tuned to
suit any type or size of battery. Either by choosing from
a selection of most common pre-set battery types or by
making custom adjustments it is possible to set the Multi’s
charge profile exactly as you want.
The fourth and final stage in the charge cycle is termed ‘battery
storage’ or ‘reduced float’. When the battery is full and no
Other standard features
The Battery temperature sensor enables the Multi to account for changes in
temperature that affect the characteristics of the battery. Remote voltage sensing
compensates for any losses in the connection to the battery. An auxiliary 4 Amp output
is provided and ideal for maintaining an engine start battery.
Bulk mode
maximum power delivery for rapid charging
Battery safe
rapid charge is checked to prevent over charging
Absorption mode
accumulated charge is absorbed into the plates
Float mode
the remaining charge is gently applied until the battery is full
Storage mode
after an extended period of inactivity, storage mode is initiated
DC/AC system 2x Multiplus & 6kVA AC genset with VE.Net Max 12kVA
Isolation Transformer
VE.Net panel
2 x MultiPlus
VE.NET
AC distribution
Battery 1 status
13.25V +5A 78%
back
enter
isolation transformer
mains on
inverter on
bulk
mains on
inverter on
overload
bulk
overload
absorption
low battery
absorption
low battery
float
temperature
float
temperature
phoenix
multi plus 12/3000/120
phoenix
multi plus 12/3000/120
www.victronenergy.com
www.victronenergy.com
Load
shedding
relay
Water Heater (10A)
Microwave (6A)
Fridge (1A)
TV / DVD (1A)
grounding
Computer (1A)
PowerMan
Gen/Shore transfer
Coffee Maker (8A)
Hairdryer (8A)
Multi VE.Net
Interface
Washer/dryer (13A)
Generator relay unit
Shore
Power (16A)
Air - Con (Partial)
Induction Hob
VE.NET
Battery
Controller
VE.NET
Generator module
High Power
Alternator
Cyrix battery
separator
DC Link Box
DC distribution
Cabin Lights
Genset
230V/50Hz
6kVA
Water Pump
Start
Navigation Equip.
Bilge Pumps
Engine 12V/80Ah
Accessory 12V/800Ah
(4 x 12V 200Ahr)
Shower Pump
Total Power Management
The way that 230V power is used is irregular; sudden bursts
of very high demand (such as when the air-con kicks in), short
periods of substantial power use (such as when the washing
machine or oven is on) and then long periods when very little
power is being used. As more and more equipment is used on
boats and vehicles, these irregular characteristics become more
difficult to contend with.
Parallel connection
VE.Net - total power management
The larger models in the MultiPlus range can be connected
together to increase the total power available. When this
feature is combined with those mentioned above great things
can be achieved with dramatic reductions in generator size
and the ability to be free of the restriction of limited shore
power. Now you can use power on the move in the same way
you do at home – without thinking about it!
For the ultimate in monitoring and control of your power
system, VE.Net represents the state of the art. As a
truly integrated solution, VE.Net provides the following
components:
High peak power
One way that the MultiPlus is particularly good at dealing with
these conditions is that it can deliver more than double rated
output to deal with those sudden bursts in demand. The rugged
inverter technology means that such performance is delivered
without paying a penalty in weight or dimensions.
Power assist
The ability to temporarily supplement the power available from
shore or generator is another way the MultiPlus can help manage
power needs. By adding power, far more can be achieved with
connection to limited capacity shore supply. Equally, there is no
longer a need to oversize a generator just so that it can deal with
the peak power demanded by an air-con at start up.
The chart below illustrates how power might be typically used
on a yacht showing the peaks in demand and the average
power consumption. In this case, what would have been a
10kVA generator is replaced by a 6kVA set. The PowerAssist
feature of the MultiPlus 24/3000/70 is available to deal with
the peak loads and batteries are charged when spare power
is available. When power demand is low the generator is not
needed at all and the MultiPlus silently delivers the power
that is needed.
• VE.Net panel - multi character display and interface panel
•Battery Controller - full function battery monitoring
module (any number can be connected to network).
•Generator control - full monitoring and control of your
generator including auto start/stop functionality.
•Connectivity module - enables full access to system
status and control remotely through the internet.
This module also provides fully detailed geographical
positioning.
VE.Net can also be integrated with any number of other
devices including an on board PC, power distribution systems
and / or senders and alarms. Your imagination is the only limit
to what is possible.
Phoenix MultiPlus 12 Volt
C12/800/35
C12/1200/50
C12/1600/70
Phoenix EasyPlus 12 Volt
Phoenix MultiPlus 24 Volt
C12/2000/80
12/3000/120
C24/2000/50
24/3000/70
C12/1600/70
C24/800/16
C24/1200/25
C24/1600/40
Phoenix MultiPlus 48 Volt
48/3000/35
PowerControl
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
PowerAssist
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
INVERTER
Input voltage range (v DC)
9,5-17volts 19-33volts 38-66volts
Output
output voltage 230 VAC+/-2% frequency 50Hz +/-0.1%
Cont. output power @ 25˚c (VA)
800
1200
1600
1600
2000
3000/3000/3000
Cont output power @ 25˚c (W)
700
1000
1300
1300
1600
2500/2500/2500
Cont output power @ 40˚c (W)
650
900
1200
1200
1450
2000/2000/2000
Peak power (W)
1600
2400
3000
3000
4000
6000/6000/6000
Maximum efficiency (%)
92/94
93/94
93/94
93
93/94
93/94/95
Zero-load power (W)
4,5/6,0
4,5/6,0
4,5/6,0
4,5
4,5/6,0
4,5/6,0/7,0
CHARGER
AC Input
Input voltage range 187-265 v AC Input frequency 45-55Hz Power Factor: 1
Charge voltage “absorption” (v DC)
14,4 / 28,8 / 57,6 (can be progammed for custom requirements)
Charge voltage “float” (v DC)
13,8 / 27,6 / 55,2 (can be programmed for custom requirements)
Storage mode (v DC)
Charge current house battery (A)
13,2 / 26,4 / 52,8 (can be programmed for custom requirements)
35 / 16
50 / 25
70 / 40
Charge current starter battery (A)
70
80 / 50
120 / 70 / 40
16 A (30A option)
4
Battery temperature sensor
yes
GENERAL
Transfer relay capacity
16 A
16 A
16 A
16A
30 A
Multi purpose relay driver or relay
relay driver
relay driver
relay driver
relay driver
relay
Protection
relay
a,b,c,d,f,g,h
a-h
Common Characteristics
Operating temp. range: 0-50˚c (fan assisted cooling). Humidity (non condensing): max 95%
Common Characteristics
Material and colour: aluminium (blue RAL5012)
Battery-connection
Battery cables of 1.5 meter
230 v AC-connection
G-ST18i connector
Weight (kg)
8
ENCLOSURE
M8 studs
screw-clamp 2.5mm
10
10
375 x 214 x 110
Dimensions (hxwxd in mm)
Protection category: IP21
12
510x214x110
12
520x255x125
18
362 x 258 x 218
STANDARDS
Victron Energy B.V. / De Paal 35
1351 JG Almere / The Netherlands
Phone: +31 (0)36 535 97 00
Fax: +31 (0)36 535 97 40
e-mail: [email protected]
www.victronenergy.com
Safety
EN 6035-1, EN 60335-2-29
Emission / Immunity
EN 55014-1, EN 61000-3-2 / EN 55014-2, EN 61000-3-3
Automotive Directive
95/54EC
Protection key:
a) output short circuit
b) overload
c) battery voltage to high
d) battery voltage to low
e) battery reverse polarity detection
f) 230 v AC on inverter output
g) input voltage ripple too high
h) temperature to high
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