IDM-200-P - Gammadata
High Purity Germanium (HPGe) Interchangeable
Detector Module
“Intelligent, Modular Solutions for Nuclear Security
Monitoring Systems”
The ORTEC Interchangeable Detector Module (IDM-200-P)
sets a new standard for integrators of radiation detection
Conveniently pre-configured for a wide range of applications, the
IDM-200-P is a complete radiation detector and identification package
containing a detector, cooler, power supply, internal battery and charger,
and sealed connectors completely pre-assembled for fast, straightforward
installation in a number of OEM, customer and integrator applications.
These self-contained detectors are ready made for portal monitoring, wide
area search, maritime standoff, and other radiation monitoring
The IDM-200-P provides a compact and versatile solution in a wide variety
of gamma spectroscopic measurement situations. Every IDM-200-P
provides a high level of spectroscopic performance thanks to ORTEC’s long experience in the manufacture of HPGe detectors
and the digital signal processing of spectral data.
The fully integrated IDM-200-P detector module provides everything needed to acquire and store a high resolution gammaray spectrum and provide the spectrum to a PC for analysis. The IDM-200-P is designed for long, reliable service, and is
integration ready with many valuable features: internal battery backup, TTL data input, “Auto- Start,” low power requirement,
easily changeable collimators, and “hot swappable” allowing for easy field replacement.
Developers can easily integrate the IDM-200-P into measurement systems with the ORTEC CONNECTIONS toolkit which provides
ActiveX controls. This allows immediate connection, data acquisition, command and control.
The IDM-200-P Advantage
Why Select ORTEC Detectors?
The modular design and the unmatched energy resolution of HPGe detectors
offers integrators significant advantages over technologies which yield inferior
resolution. The IDM-200-P delivers this performance in a unique, reliable and
convenient package.
✓ Smallest Physical Size
Integrated Solution The IDM-200-P is easily adaptable to other screening
technologies such as NII X-Ray, EDS, and Radiation Portal monitors.
✓ Best Signal-to-Noise Ratio
COTS Ready The IDM-200-P is designed as a commercial off-the-shelf solution
that lowers cost, is more flexible for many applications, and shortens the design-tomarket cycles.
✓ Flexible Modularity (field replaceable
Close Proximity to X-Ray Machines Field tests have proven that the effects of
scattered x-rays on the background of the IDM-200-P HPGe detector has minimal
to no effect on the capability of identifying radionuclides.
✓ High Resolution
✓ Highest Sensitivity
✓ Proven ORTEC Technology and
✓ Unmatched Worldwide Service and
Detector Energy Resolution Germanium detectors represent the best resolution
available in any commercial gamma-ray detector. High resolution is always of
benefit in a wide variety of applications, leading to improved sensitivity and more accurate identification of radionuclides at all
Detector Sensitivity for SNM The IDM-200-P provides the best sensitivity for Special Nuclear Material (SNM) detection and
identification. Because of the extremely high signal-to-noise ratio, very high detection confidence can be achieved with very few
signal counts, thus making the system extremely sensitive in comparison with medium and low resolution systems.
Identification Capabilities In combination with the advanced identification algorithms optionally available in the ORTEC
Detective series software, an IDM-200-P solution can provide unambiguous threat identification of standard packages and
cargo. The system is able to detect and identify small gamma-ray peaks with precision. High resolution also means that other
spectral artifacts are more easily seen, and these can be used by the advanced ORTEC software algorithms in confirming the
presence (or not) of specific nuclides.
IDM-200-P Features
IDM-200-P Benefits
• Super Large High Purity Germanium Detector.
• Easy Integration — Flexible mounting options.
• No Liquid Nitrogen required.
• Continuous Duty operation — Turn it on leave it on.
• Shock and Vibration resistant.
• Low Maintenance operation.
• Auto Calibration.
• Auto Start.
• Small packaging and high sensitivity provide efficient use of
limited installation space.
• Internal Stabilization.
• Hardened cryostat designed for long operational life.
• DC Powered.
• Temperature cycle at any time, even from partial warm up.
• ANSI N42.38 tested (Detective-SPM portal application).
• “Hot Swap” while in operational state — reduced downtime.
• Remote Operation (CONNECTIONS ActiveX).
• Continuous data collection using list mode — no dead
• USB “Plug and Play” connectivity.
• Synchronized TTL inputs for third party sensors/systems.
• 2.5 hour internal battery backup.
• Low power consumption.
• Low Frequency Rejector (LFR) improves spectrum
resolution in noisy environments.
The Technology Behind the ORTEC IDM-200-P
ORTEC has successfully developed, tested, and deployed products for critical security applications requiring detection and
identification of radiation and nuclear threats.
ORTEC pioneering advances in HPGe technology have greatly extended the range of security applications where HPGe can
now be deployed.
With a strong history of manufacturing equipment to meet the demanding requirements of detecting and identifying special
nuclear material, the ORTEC line of Detective and IDM products have become the global benchmark in verification of the
presence of special nuclear materials, both legal and illicit.
HPGe represents an advanced radiation sensor technology which can detect, identify and analyze phenomena, normally
missed by other nuclear detection systems. HPGe detection systems are largely unaffected by radiation background
variations, masking, or environmental temperature changes. They are less
susceptible to electrical interference than other systems and are capable of
detecting sources through thicker shielding than other passive systems.
Applications Software
ORTEC has an extensive portfolio of software specifically designed to meet the
needs of homeland security applications. The correct software is a key element
of a good nuclear security measurement system. It is often the application
software which turns the “hardware into the solution.” ORTEC has software
covering a broad spectrum of nuclear measurement applications, often
providing integrated hardware control, display and analysis in
a single package.
• CONNECTIONS Programmer’s Toolkit with ActiveX controls
• MAESTRO MCA Emulation Software
• Detective-Remote Instrument Remote Monitoring and
Control Software
To support OEMs, ORTEC is leveraging the experience of the Detective portable
instrumentation manufacturing to build new detector modules and integrated
solutions that are designed and built to perform in the toughest environments.
The IDM-200-P has been designed specifically for use in HPGe portal monitors and
other similar systems for nuclear materials interdiction. These hardware
subsystems are designed for use in demanding applications. All the components are
derived from ORTEC technology, proven in the field by hundreds of Detective
portable identifiers.
The IDM-200-P is a compact detection instrument subsystem. The IDM-200-P can
be mounted conveniently on a shelf within a cabinet. Multiple IDM-200-P
subsystems can be positioned in a vertical stack for portal applications. The
IDM-200-P is narrow enough to fit in a standard 19” rack. The integral handles
assist in installation and in portable applications.
The low power consumption of the IDM-200-P reduces heat dissipation
requirements. An entire operating IDM-200-P consumes <100 watts of power
when cooled to operating temperature. Low power consumption means systems
configured using the IDM-200-P do not need high levels of cabinet air conditioning.
The HPGe detector is shielded on the back of the cryostat. Other shielding can be
easily placed on the sides of the detector endcap to limit the horizontal field of view.
The vertical field of view can also be defined by shielding. (By designing
shielding/collimation as free standing, it is possible to greatly simplify serviceability and interchangeability.)
Germanium Detector
The majority of the gamma-ray emissions from special nuclear material
(SNM) are below 1 MeV. Extensive modeling has shown that a detector size
of 85 mm diameter by 30 mm deep is an excellent geometry for detecting
these gamma rays. The HPGe crystal geometry is nominally the same in all
IDM-200-P subsystems.
ORTEC leads the field in the development and deployment of mechanically
cooled HPGe detector technology, introducing the first mechanically cooled
HPGe detector more than 20 years ago. There are more HPGe
spectrometers in the field world-wide cooled by ORTEC supplied mechanical
cooling systems than all other commercial and non-commercial systems
combined. In particular, and most recently, ORTEC Detective HPGe Portable
Hand Held Identifiers are operating in the field by the hundreds and the Stirling cycle cooler technology used by the Detective,
and now the IDM-200-P, is proven by experience.
The IDM-200-P cryostat design evolved from the Detective Hand Held Identifier, itself a non-traditional design, which does not
use molecular sieve as a cryo-pump, but does use all-metal seals and very clean construction methods. The all-metal
construction results in a robust long-life cryostat which can be temperature cycled, either completely or partially, indefinitely.
The cooler can be turned off then on at any time, greatly aiding service operations.
DSP Electronics
The digital signal processing (DSP) electronics subsystem used in the IDM-200-P is derived from the ORTEC Detective family
systems. The low power design has extreme high stability with both count rate and temperature variation, important in many
different applications.
Field operation of any instrument is different than laboratory operation. One common feature of field operation that can lead to
reduced system performance is mechanical vibration or acoustical noise. The normally very good energy resolution of HPGe
detectors can be degraded by mechanical vibration or microphonic noise. ORTEC’s LFR1 technology solves the vibration
problem common in aerial survey and portal monitoring systems. Another source of low frequency electrical noise is electrical
ground loops — common in field systems. The LFR filter feature reduces the effects of all such noise sources.
The data can be collected in a histogram mode (the traditional mode for Pulse Height Analysis) and transferred to a PC for
further analysis. There is a small dead time when the data are being transferred that new data are not collected. List mode
data collection is essential in situations where no data can be missed. List mode has been used with great success in many
real-world situations. For example, when the sample is moving relative to the detector and it is important to measure an
activity profile as a function of time or position. Another application is aerial and land-based surveying. No "dead periods" occur
in the data collection. When moving at 50 kph, a 100 millisecond gap in data collection means a gap of nearly 1.5 meters in
the data collection profile. In the list mode of operation, data are stored directly to memory, event by event, with a time stamp
(200 nanoseconds). This wealth of data can then be reconstructed into separate spectra by time, energy, or position within a
portal. This feature of the IDM-200-P greatly enhances the detection sensitivity of the system in all applications.
High speed plug-and-play USB 2.0
communications makes subsystem
control and data collection fast and
The replacement of an IDM-200-P is
particularly fast and straightforward.
Only two connections are required,
power (A/C or DC) and USB.
Patent Pending
IDM-200-P Specifications
Internal HPGe Detector Crystal
Crystal: P-type high-purity germanium. Coaxial construction. Nominal Dimensions: 85 mm diameter x 30 mm deep.
Cryostat: All metal sealed, long life cryostat, no molecular sieve.
Cooler: High reliability, low power Stirling Cooler. Cooler design life >5 years continuous running. Power consumption <2 A at
operating temperature.
Digital Noise Suppression: "LFR Filter" ORTEC Patent Pending.
Digital MCA and Data Processor
Digital MCA Conversion Gain: Up to 16k Channel.
System Gain Settings
Coarse Gain: 1.
Fine Gain: 0.45 to 1.
System Conversion Gain: Software controlled from 512 to 16k channels.
Digital Filter Shaping-Time Constants
Rise Times: 3.2 µs to 23 µs in steps of 0.2 µs.
Flat Tops: 0.3 to 2.4 in steps of 0.1 µs.
Dead-Time Correction: Extended live-time correction according to Gedcke-Hale method.
Accuracy: Area of reference peak changes <±3% from 0 to 50,000 counts per second.
Low-Frequency Rejector: When set to ON, removes low-frequency (<3 kHz) input noise from spectrum.
Integral Nonlinearity: <±0.025% over top 99.5% of spectrum, measured with a mixed source (55Fe @ 5.9 keV to 88Y @
1836 keV).
Differential Nonlinearity: <±1% (measured with a BNC pulser and ramp generator) over top 99% of range.
Digital Spectrum Stabilizer: Controlled via computer, stabilizes gain and zero errors.
System Temperature Coefficient
Gain: <50 ppm/°C. [Typically <30 ppm/°C.]
Offset: <3 ppm/°C of full scale.
Overload Recovery: At maximum gain, recovers to within 2% of rated output from X1000 overload in 2.5 non-overloaded
pulse widths. (Measured using the InSight Oscilloscope.)
Maximum System Throughtput: >100,000 cps, but may be restricted in software with LFR off. >34,000 cps with LFR on.
Depends on shaping parameters.
Pulse Pile-Up Rejector: Automatically set threshold.
Pulse-Pair Resolution: Typically <500 ns.
Automatic Digital Pole-Zero Adjustment: Computer controlled. Can be set automatically or manually. Remote diagnostics via
InSight Oscilloscope mode. (Patented.)
Digital Gated Baseline Restorer: Computer controlled adjustment of the restorer rate (High, Low, and Auto). (Patented.)
LLD: Digital lower level discriminator set in channels. Hard cutoff of data in channels below the LLD setting.
ULD: Digital upper level discriminator set in channels. Hard cutoff of data in channels above the ULD setting.
Ratemeter: Count rate display on PC screen (if enabled).
Maximum Overall Dimensions (including Ge detector endcap and shock absorbers): 41.3 cm L x 34 cm W x 21.2 cm H
(16.26” L x 13.39” W x 8.35” H).
Weight: 39 lb. (17.7 kg).
Internal Battery Life: ~2.5 hours at 25°C when HPGe detector is cold, depending on battery condition. Battery lifetime may be
extended indefinitely by use of external battery backup capability or with the ORTEC optional external battery packs.
Input Power: 10 to 17 V DC from battery or DC power supply (universal mains supply included). Battery charger circuit is
inside instrument.
Power Usage: 100 W nominal. While charging battery: 5 A nominal. Cold with fully charged battery: <2 A.
Temperature Operation (without external enclosure)
Range: –10°C to +50°C
Relative Humidity: 95%, noncondensing.
The unit is expected to be kept running once cold.
Cool Down Time: Initial cool down time depends on ambient temperature, but is typically 15 hours from ambient.
Communications Ports
USB 2.0 connection provided at the rear panel.
(2) TTL inputs (neutron or other sensor input).
System reset IO for remote reboot.
Ordering Information
IDM-200-P Interchangeable Detector Module. Includes internal backup battery and operating
AC/DC Power Adapter Charger.
Connector Kit.
IP68 USB Cable.
MAESTRO Multichannel Analyzer (MCA) application software. Includes standalone or first network
copy and binary use license.
CONNECTIONS Programmer's Toolkit with ActiveX Controls.
Analysis Results File (UFO) Toolkit.
Specifications subject to change
Tel. (865) 482-4411 • Fax (865) 483-0396 •
801 South Illinois Ave., Oak Ridge, TN 37831-0895 U.S.A.
For International Office Locations, Visit Our Website
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF