Radar1000MkII Operator Manual
Thank you for purchasing the RADAR 1000 MK@ LCD radar. This
product will provide many years of trouble free use when operated
properly, so it is important that you read and observe the precautions below.
● Read this manual thoroughly to gain a good understanding of the capabilities and the requirements of this equipment.
● Store the manual in a safe location so, that it does not become lost or damaged.
● Observe standard storage and handling procedures for electronic equipment.
● If, after proper installation, RADAR 1000 MK2 appears to be defective,
please contact your JRC sales or service representative for assistance.
Symbols Used In This Manual
The following symbols are used in this instruction manual and on the product
itself to ensure correct handling and proper use. Their meanings are explained
below. Please observe the advice and precautions emphasised by the symbols
as you read the manual and as you install and use the equipment.
A safety warning to alert you of possible physical harm to
yourself, or to the equipment.
An alert to possible harm to, or failure of the equipment.
This symbol warns of the possibility of electrical and/or other related dangers.
The accompanying instructions should be meticulously followed.
Electric shocks
This sign alerts the reader to actions which must NEVER be performed.
Prohibition
This sign prohibits disassembly, or otherwise tampering with the indicated components.
Prohibits
disassembly
This draws the reader’s attention to instructions which must be very exactly
followed.
Instruction
I
Operating Precautions
WARNING
To avoid electrical shock, never touch the inside of the scanner when
it is connected to an electrical supply.
Always keep the protective cover on the scanner when it is connected
to an electrical supply. High internal voltages can cause serious personal injury. The equipment should be routinely serviced, only by JRC
authorised personnel.
Avoid passing close to the scanner when the radar is in use.
The scanner unit rotates quickly and can cause personal injury. Both
this and the enclosed radome should be installed at a high place, such
as a cabin roof, or a specially constructed arch, or radar mast. If the
radiating units cannot be installed above all possible, standing head
height, they should be guarded by a strong, protective, enclosing frame.
Prolonged, close range exposure to radar signals is not recommended.
Before approaching close to the scanner, or dismounting it, ensure
that the STBY/OFF and the X-MIT/OFF keys on the display unit have
both been turned off. The cable connector P1 at the rear of the display
unit should be disconnected before removing the scanner unit from its
installed position.
Never sit on the scanner, nor otherwise subject them to weight. They
are not intended to bear loads and ignoring this advice could cause
damage to important internal components.
CAUTION
You will only get optimum performance from your RADAR 1000
MK2 by carefully following this manual’s instructions. Incorrect operation reduces the performance level and could cause damage to the
equipment.
Remember that radar is only an aid to navigation and can be affected
by many physical, environmental and operational factors. Radar does
not diminish the user’s responsibility to keep a good look out at all
times and to exercise all other navigational prudence and human judgement. Radar is not a substitute for human faculties.
II
Equipment Photographs
SCANNER UNIT NKE-1053
DISPLAY UNIT NCD-3717A
III
Table of Contents
Symbols Used In This Manual ------------------------------------------------ I
Operating Precautions --------------------------------------------------------- II
Equipment Photographs ------------------------------------------------------ III
Glossary of radar terms ------------------------------------------------------ IV
SECTION 1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 FUNCTION -------------------------------------------------------------- 1
1.2 FEATURES --------------------------------------------------------------- 1
1.3 COMPONENTS --------------------------------------------------------- 2
1.4 DIMENSIONS ----------------------------------------------------------- 3
SECTION 2 OPERATING CONTROLS AND FUNCTIONS
2.1 CONTROL PANEL ----------------------------------------------------- 4
SECTION 3 INSTALLATION
3.1 UNPACKING AND INSPECTION ----------------------------------- 7
3.2 PLANNING THE INSTALLATION ---------------------------------- 7
3.3 MOUNTING THE DISPLAY UNIT ---------------------------------- 9
3.4 MOUNTING THE SCANNER UNIT ------------------------------ 12
3.5 CONNECTING THE SCANNER UNIT CABLE ---------------- 13
3.6 ELECTRICAL CONNECTION ------------------------------------- 14
3.7 INITIAL OPERATION AND SET UP ----------------------------- 17
SECTION 4 OPERATION
4.1 LAYOUT OF CONTROLS ------------------------------------------- 21
4.2 TURNING THE RADAR ON AND OFF -------------------------- 22
4.3 SELECTING A RANGE --------------------------------------------- 24
4.4 ADJUSTING RECEIVER SENSITIVITY------------------------- 24
4.5 ADJUSTING TUNING ----------------------------------------------- 24
4.6 REDUCING SEA CLUTTER --------------------------------------- 25
4.7 ADJUSTING RAIN CLUTTER ------------------------------------- 25
4.8 SETTING LCD CONTRAST ---------------------------------------- 25
4.9 SETTING DIMMER -------------------------------------------------- 25
4.10 SETTING 1/4 OFFSET ----------------------------------------------- 26
IV
4.11
4.12
4.13
4.14
4.15
4.16
4.17
4.18
4.19
4.20
4.21
4.22
4.23
4.24
4.25
RANGE MEASUREMENT ------------------------------------------ 26
BEARING MEASUREMENT --------------------------------------- 27
OPERATING MENU ------------------------------------------------- 28
SETTING GUARD ---------------------------------------------------- 29
RINGS ------------------------------------------------------------------- 30
POSITION -------------------------------------------------------------- 30
WAYPOINT ------------------------------------------------------------ 30
SELECTION OF DATA FORMATS -------------------------------- 30
TRAIL ------------------------------------------------------------------- 30
TARGET EXPANSION----------------------------------------------- 31
INTERFERENCE REJECTION ------------------------------------- 31
DISPLAY MODE ------------------------------------------------------ 31
PLANNED-TX MODE ----------------------------------------------- 31
SETTING AUTO/MANUAL TUNING ---------------------------- 32
IN CASE AN UNUSUAL CONDITION OCCURS
DURING OPERATION ---------------------------------------------- 32
4.26 DISPLAY OF RADAR TRANSPONDER ------------------------- 33
SECTION 5 MAINTENANCE
5.1 PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE ---------------------------------- 34
5.2 CLEANING (MONTHLY INTERVALS) -------------------------- 35
5.3 LCD FILTER SURFACE CLEANING ----------------------------- 35
5.4 FUSE -------------------------------------------------------------------- 35
SECTION 6 AFTER-SALES SERVICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 36
SECTION 7 SPECIFICATIONS
7.1 GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------------- 37
7.2 SCANNER UNIT ------------------------------------------------------ 38
7.3 DISPLAY UNIT ------------------------------------------------------- 38
APPENDIX
Fig. 1 RADAR 1000 MK2 DISPLAY UNIT (NCD-3717A) FLUSH MOUNT
TEMPLATE
Fig. 2 RADAR 1000 MK2 SCANNER UNIT (NKE-1053) RADOME TEMPLATE
V
Glossary of radar terms
The following is a list of abbreviations and acronyms which may be used in the
text of the manual.
A/D
ALM
Analog to Digital conversion
Alarm In, also known as the approach alarm. Used to warn of approach to a preset zone or to a zoned target.
CPU
Central Processing Unit
EBL
Electronic Bearing Line
EXP
Expansion
Fast Time Constant, also known as rain and snow clutter suppression
FTC
GPS
Global Positioning System
IR
Interference Rejection
KM
Kilometer
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display
LL
Latitude/Longitude
MH
Modulator High voltage
NM
Nautical Mile
PCB
Printed Circuit Board
PPI
Plan Position Indicator (ship’s position/center screen)
PW
Pulse Width
RR
Range Rings (fixed)
SHM Ship’s Heading Marker
STBY Standby
STC
Sensitivity Time Control, also known as sea surface clutter suppression
TD
TI
VD
VOM
VRM
WPT
X-MIT
VI
Time Difference
Trigger
Video
Volt-ohm Meter
Variable Range Marker
Waypoint
Transmit
SECTION 1
INTRODUCTION
1.1 FUNCTION
Congratulations on selecting the JRC RADAR 1000 MK2 LCD system to
assist with your navigation.
Whether you purchased this radar because of its compactness, power economy,
ease of installation, or long term reliability, one thing is certain, the moment
you turn on your RADAR 1000 MK2 Display you will know that you are
seeing a revolutionary new concept in radar technology. You are the proud owner
of a radar system unmatched in the marine recreational industry.
Radar signals are stored on an LCD display with excellent graphic clarity and
detail. A single glance at your Display will give you a complete and accurate
3600 radar picture of other vessels, buoys and land surrounding your vessel.
1.2 FEATURES
● Easy operation using J-DIAL and JOYSTICK
● High speed rotation antenna
● Easy to understand, cursor-originated target information of range, bearing
and Lat/Long
● Compact, lightweight scanner and display
● Intermittent transmission for power saving
● 1/4 radius offset
● 6 languages (English, French, Spanish, German, Norwegian and Italian)
built-in
● Automatic tuning features
● Relative, Magnetic, and True bearing readout for EBL, WAYPOINT and
cursor
● Dual IF bandwidth for high sensitivity
● On-screen trail function to see the relative course of displayed targets
● Variable on-screen data including own ship’s position, cursor position with
Lat/Long, ship’s course and range/bearing to waypoint with LL
INTRODUCTION
1
1.3 COMPONENTS
The table below lists the components which are included with your new radar
system.
Description
Model No. or Code No.
Remarks
Radar 1000 system
JMA-1011
Scanner Unit
NKE-1053
Display Unit
NCD-3717A
Bracket
MPBX39815
Interunit Cable
CFQ8768-15
8-cores composite cables (15 m)
Power Cable
CFQ-8572
with Fuse (2 m)
Instruction Manual
7ZPRD0592
This Manual
Standard Spares
6ZXRD00190
5 A Fuse × 1
Sun Cover
MTV303722
Scanner Mounting Hardware
MPXP31088
Display Mounting Hardware
MPTG30149
Screw × 4
Console Mounting Screw
MPTG30380
Screw × 4
Table 1-1 EQUIPMENT SUPPLIED
2
INTRODUCTION
1.4 DIMENSIONS
FIG. 1-1 DISPLAY MOUNTING DIMENSIONS
FIG. 1-2 SCANNER MOUNTING DIMENSIONS
INTRODUCTION
3
SECTION 2
OPERATING CONTROLS AND FUNCTIONS
2.1 CONTROL PANEL
DISPLAY UNIT
VRM/EBL Key
J-Dial
Joystick with MENU/ENT
OFFSET Key
Contrast/Dimmer Key
Transmit/off Key
Stand-by/off Key
DISPLAY UNIT
LATCH
INTER UNIT
CONNECTOR
POWER INPUT/
NMEA/
COMPASS
CONNECTOR
FIG. 2-1 DISPLAY UNIT
4
OPERATING CONTROLS AND FUNCTIONS
① STAND-BY/OFF Key
・ Turns ON power to Display and Scanner and activates 90 second countdown timer.
・ Press STBY/OFF key to go into Stand-by mode while in the Transmit mode.
・ Press STBY/OFF and X-MIT/OFF keys simultaneously to turn radar off.
② TRANSMIT/OFF Key
・ Turns transmitter ON and activates Radome.
・ Press STBY/OFF and X-MIT/OFF keys simultaneously to switch off the
radar.
③ J-DIAL
・ Push repeatedly to select RANGE, SEA, RAIN, GAIN, TUNE controls.
RANGE increases or decrease the range scale in use.
SEA
reduces sea clutter.
RAIN
reduces rain or snow clutter.
GAIN
controls strength of returned echoes.
TUNE
manually fine tunes receiver by peaking tuning bar (No tuning
bar in AUTO tune).
・ SEA, RAIN, GAIN, TUNE, VRM, EBL, CONTRAST can be user-set for
best efficiency.
④ EBL/VRM Key
・ Activates EBL or VRM on the display. A short press will turn on/off selected EBL/VRM. Press and hold, to select and control the desired EBL or
VRM by rotating the J-DIAL.
⑤ JOYSTICK
・ Position cursor setting.
・ Enables MENU for setup and selections.
OPERATING MENU
GUARD
OFF
ON
RINGS
ON
OFF
POSITION
OFF
L/L
TD
WPT
WAYPOINT
OFF
ON
BEARING
REL
MAG.
TRUE
OPERATING CONTROLS AND FUNCTIONS
5
TRAIL
EXP
IR
DISPLAY
TX-PLAN
TX PERIOD
STBY PERIOD
TUNE
⑥
・
⑦
・
・
6
OFF
OFF
OFF
DAY
SHORT
ON
ON
NIGHT
LONG
ALL 10 20 30 SCANS
3 5 10 15 MINS
AUTO MANUAL
INITIAL SET UP MENU
RELATIVE BEARING ALIGNMENT
DISPLAY TIMING
TUNE PRESET
STC PRESET
BUZZER VOLUME ON OR OFF
OPER. PROMPTS
LANGUAGE
OFFSET Key
To shift own ship on screen.
CONTRAST/DIMMER Key
Setts LCD contrast.
Sets back light for LCD and panel illumination.
OPERATING CONTROLS AND FUNCTIONS
SECTION 3
INSTALLATION
This section provides practical guidelines to assist in the planning and installation of the RADAR 1000 MK2.
3.1 UNPACKING AND INSPECTION
Use care when unpacking the RADAR 1000 MK2 from the shipping carton to
prevent damage to the contents. It is also good practice to save the carton and
the interior packing material until the radar has been satisfactorily installed.
The original packing material should be used in the unlikely event that it is
necessary to return the unit for service.
3.2 PLANNING THE INSTALLATION
The layout for installing the RADAR 1000 MK2 should be planned to give
the best operation and service aboard your particular vessel. In general, the
scanner unit should be mounted as high as possible above the waterline and the
display unit should be installed in a convenient viewing position near the helm.
Keep in mind the optimum viewing angle when installing the display. You may
wish to apply power before finally installing the unit so that you can determine
a satisfactory viewing angle.
A 15 meter length of interunit cable is supplied for connecting the two main
units (scanner and display). This length should be sufficient to complete the
cable run required on most small vessels. It is, however, recommended that the
maximum length of interunit cable does not exceed 20 meters.
A general system diagram for the RADAR 1000 MK2 is shown on the following page.
INSTALLATION
7
FIG. 3-1 GENERAL SYSTEM DIAGRAM
8
INSTALLATION
3.3 MOUNTING THE DISPLAY UNIT
When planning the installation for your display unit, the following conditions
should be considered to ensure dependable and trouble-free operation.
1) The mounting location should be accessible enough to allow easy operation
of all the front panel controls.
2) There should be adequate ventilation.
3) There should be sufficient space behind the display unit to allow for cable
connections to its rear.
4) The display unit should be located near a DC power source.
5) The selected location should be far enough away from any device which
might cause interference, such as motors, generators and echo sounders.
6) Generally, the display unit should be located in a protected area, away from
prolonged direct exposure to rain and salt spray. It is good practice to protect your valuable electronic equipment as much as possible.
The display unit can be conveniently bracket-mounted on a chart table, or flush
mounted in a bulkhead or other convenient panel. Using the outline of FIG 3-1
and 3-3 as a guide, install the display unit and secure it firmly to the mounting
surface.
Table Top
Mounted
60 mm (Min.)
FIG. 3-2 TYPICAL MOUNTING METHOD
INSTALLATION
9
When the display unit is mounted overhead, remove the mounting plate, which
is secured by four screws and rotate it through 180 degrees for re-assembly on
the other side of the unit.
4 SCREWS
BRACKET
DISPLAY UNIT
MOUNTING
PLATE
BRACKET
The display unit is separated from
the bracket in the shipping carton.
Install the display unit by sliding
it onto the bracket until it is fully
seated.
To remove the unit simply depress the latch on the rear of the
display unit and lift.
DISPLAY UNIT
LATCH
BRACKET
10
INSTALLATION
FIG. 3-3 DISPLAY MOUNTING DIMENSIONS
FIG. 3-4 SCANNER MOUNTING DIMENSIONS
INSTALLATION
11
3.4 MOUNTING THE SCANNER UNIT
CAUTION
The scanner unit requires a minimum mounting surface thickness of 6 mm (0.25 inches). If the thickness of the mounting base
is less than this, additional flat washers are required. If the thickness is more than 20 mm (0.8 inches), longer hexhead bolts are
required.
Selecting an adequate location for the scanner unit requires careful consideration. On many small vessels, the unit can be installed on a mast platform, on
an arch or on a bridge structure near the ship’s center line.
The radiator beam should not be obstructed by nearby large objects. Locate the
unit where large structures such as superstructures, searchlights, horns or masts
are not in the same horizontal plane, otherwise blind areas and false targets will
appear on the radar screen.
Using the outline drawing of FIG 3-4 or the template in the front of the manual
as a guide, install the scanner unit by securing it to a solid mounting surface.
The attachment bolts are stainless steel hexhead bolts M6, 30 mm (1.18”) long.
Both flat and lock washers should be used.
Note: Do not apply excessive torque to fix the bolts. Use a 11 cm-long wrench
(Fixing torque: 87 kgf-cm).
22 mm DEEP
SCANNER UNIT
MOUNTING BASE
FLAT WASHER
(ATTACHEMENTS)
LOCK WASHER
(ATTACHEMENTS)
6 20 mm (0.25 0.8 inch)
STAINLESS STEEL BOLT
(ATTACHEMENT)
FIG. 3-5 MOUNTING BOLTS for SCANNER UNIT
12
INSTALLATION
Usually, the mounting surface for the
scanner unit should be parallel with
the ship’s waterline. Some vessels,
however, may adopt a higher bow
angle at some cruising speeds. This
substantially alters and raises the
radar’s radiation plane. In this case
nearby target detection might be
poor. It may be helpful to lower the
radar beam towards the FORWARD
parallel by shimming the radar pedestal in order to tilt the beam angle
slightly downward with respect to
the waterline.
15
15
MAIN BEAM
WATERLINE
IDEAL RADIATION PLANE
FORWARD
USING SHIMS TO
TOWER THE MAIN BEAM
WEDEGE or
WASHERS
3.5 CONNECTING THE SCANNER UNIT CABLE
The scanner unit is supplied with an interunit cable, which includes a plug (P1)
for connection to the display unit. If your installation does not allow you to run
the cable with the plug (P1) attached, the wire cable can be disconnected and
reconnected inside the scanner unit. When reconnected, be sure to include the
cable clamp, the rubber grommet, and the clamping plate.
CLAMPING PLATE
INTERUNIT CABLE
CABLE CLAMP
INTERUNIT CABLE
RUBBER GROMMET
CABLE
CABLE CLAMP
INSTALLATION
13
3.6 ELECTRICAL CONNECTION
3.6.1 DC POWER CABLE
The RADAR 1000 MK2 will work with any electrical supply within the 10.2
to 16 V range, since it contains a power regulator circuit. Connect the power
cable to a DC source capable of supplying at least 3 A. The power cable should
normally be wired through a circuit breaker. The red lead wire of the power
cable must be connected to the positive source terminal and the black lead to
the source negative terminal. The shielded wire is be connected to Boat Main
ground. Should the power connections be inadvertently reversed, a protective
fuse will blow. In this event, check the input power leads for correct polarity
with a VOM and reconnect the leads in their correct polarity. Replace the fuse.
The fuse is located in the power cable. [NORMAL-BROW FUSE (5 A)
SHOULD BE SPECIFIED]
3.6.2 EXTERNAL SYSTEM INTERFACE
The RADAR 1000 MK2 will interface with any NAV-AID (GPS or LORAN)
and compass with the standard NMEA0182 or NMEA0183 output. The inputs
from the NAV-AID must be digital data conforming to the NMEA0183 formats
to drive various radar features such as waypoint mode. If more than one data
type is present at the radar input (for example; compass and NAV-AID) a priority system has been established in the radar’s software to respond to the inputs
in driving the features. The assigned priorities are set in this manner:
HEADING:
POSITION:
SPEED:
WAYPOINT:
1.
2.
1.
1.
2.
1.
Compass (NMEA0183 “HDG,HDM,HDT,VHW”)
NAV-AID (NMEA0183 “RMC,RMA,VTG”)
NAV-AID (NMEA0l83 “RMC,RMA,GLL,GTD”)
NAV-AID (NMEA0183 “RMC,RMA,VTG”)
Compass (NMEA0183 “VHW”)
NAV-AID (NMEA0183 “RMB,BWC”)
Using the outline of FIG 3-7 as a guide, connect the RADAR 1000 MK2 to
your NAV-AID and compass.
14
INSTALLATION
FIG. 3-6 INTERCONNECTION DIAGRAM
INSTALLATION
15
1A
2A
PW
VD
VDR
TIR/GSR
TI/GS
BZ/TUNI
TUNV
+12V
SHIP'S MAINTS (+)
SHIP'S MAINTS (–)
NAV-AID (+)
NAV-AID (–)
COMPASS (+)
COMPASS (–)
E
P1
P2
WHI
YEL
T.ORN
T.RED
T.BLU
GRN
COAX
SHLD
SHLD
T.RED
T.BLK
YEL
GRN
BLU
WHI
DISPLAY UNIT NCD-3717
CFQ-8572
CFQ8571-10(10m)
CFQ8768-15(15m)
CFQ8768-20(20m)
TO NAV-AID'S
+:Data Output
–:Data Ground
TO COMPASS'S
+:Data Output
–:Data Ground
TO SHIP'S POWER
SHLD
COAX
SHLD
WHI
GRN
YEL
T.RED
T.BLU
T.ORN
P2
P1
TUNV
TI/GS
TIR/GSR
VD
VDR
BZ/TUNI
PW
1A
2A
+12V
SCANNER UNIT NKE-1053
DISPLAY UNIT
TO SCANNER UNIT
YEL
(+)
TO NAV-AID
GRN
(–)
+: NAV-AID'S Data Output
BLU
–: NAV-AID'S Data Ground
(+)
TO COMPASS
(–)
+: COMPASS'S Data Output
WHI
–: COMPASS'S Data Ground
RED
FUSE
BLK
+
–
BATTERY
FIG. 3-7 NAV-AID INTERCONNECTION
16
INSTALLATION
2V
1
DC
3.7 INITIAL OPERATION AND SET UP
3.7.1 INSPECTION AFTER INSTALLATION
After completing the installation and prior to energizing the equipment, it is
necessary to ensure that all steps of the installation were accomplished in accordance with the instructions. Make sure that:
(1) The cables are not pinched or damaged.
(2) The allowed voltage is not exceeded and the polarity is correct.
(3) All bolts are tight.
(4) The power cable shields has been properly connected to Boat Main ground.
3.7.2 OPERATING THE INITIAL SET UP MENU
To access this menu, push in the JOYSTICK until the INITIAL SET UP menu
appears. The JOYSTICK is then used to select a particular item on the menu by
depressing it.
INSTALLATION ADJUSTMENTS
BEARING
DISPLAY TIMING
TUNE PRESET
STC PRESET
BUZZER
OPER PROMPTS
LANGUAGE
INSTLLATION ADJUSTMENTS MENU
INSTALLATION
17
3.7.3 TUNE PRESET
Perform this step after the radar has been X-MITTING for 10 minutes.
① Set the range to 3 NM.
② Set gain to desired level.
③ Turn SEA and RAIN all the way down.
④ Turn IR off.
⑤ In the INITIAL SET UP MENU select Tune preset.
⑥ Move the bar to using the J-DIAL to get the strongest signal back.
Note: There may be 2 positions where the targets are strong. Pick the strongest of the 2.
⑦ Press the JOYSTICK to save and exit.
T
T
T
TUNE PRESET ADJUST MODE
TUNE PRESET ADJUST MODE
TUNE PRESET ADJUST MODE
ADJUST W/J-STICK ∧ ∨
PRESS J-STICK TO END
ADJUST W/J-STICK ∧ ∨
PRESS J-STICK TO END
ADJUST W/J-STICK ∧ ∨
PRESS J-STICK TO END
3.7.4 STC PRESET
① Set range to 6 NM.
② Set Gain to maximum.
③ In the INITIAL SET UP MENU select STC PRESET.
④ Use the J-DIAL to remove all background noise from 0 − 2 NM.
⑤ Press the JOYSTICK when done.
18
STC PRESET ADJUST MODE
STC PRESET ADJUST MODE
ADJUST W/J-STICK ∧ ∨
PRESS J-STICK TO END
ADJUST W/J-STICK ∧ ∨
PRESS J-STICK TO END
INSTALLATION
3.7.5 RELATIVE BEARING ALIGNMENT
This step must be performed. Failure to do so may result in incorrect bearing
readings.
① Set the range to 1.5 NM.
② Identify a suitable target such as a buoy and position the boat between 0.5
NM and 1 NM.
③ Point the bow at the target.
④ In the INITIAL SET UP MENU select BEARING.
⑤ Locate the target on the display.
⑥ Move the marker over the target.
⑦ Press the JOYSTICK once.
⑧ Move cursor back to the SHM (Ships Heading Marker is the solid vertical
line on the display).
⑨ Press JOYSTICK in when done.
3.7.6 DISPLAY TIMING
This step must be performed. Failure to perform this step may result in incorrect target distance reading.
① Set the range to 0.25 NM.
② Locate a pier, a jetty, a bridge (close to water line) or any other straight
object. Position the vessel so that it appears on the display. It does not
matter which way you are facing.
③ In the INITIAL SET UP MENU select DISPLAY TIMING.
④ If the bridges, pier or jetty does not appear to be in a straight line on the
display, then the DISPLAY TIMING needs to be adjusted.
⑤ Use the JOYSTICK to adjust the timing and make the object appear straight
on the display.
⑥ Press JOYSTICK when done.
PUSHING
DISPLAY TIMING EARLY
CORRECT
PULLING
DISPLAY TIMING LATE
INSTALLATION
19
3.7.7 Buzzer ON or OFF
① In the INITIAL SET UP MENU select BUZZER.
② Select ON or OFF.
③ Press JOYSTICK when done.
3.7.8 OPERATOR PROMPTS
Operation prompts can be helpful to new users operating the radar. The default
setting is ON.
① In the INITIAL SET UP MENU select OPER.PROMPT.
② Select ON or OFF.
③ Press JOYSTICK when done.
3.7.9 LANGUAGE
English is the default language. It can be changed to Spanish, French, German,
Norwegian, and Italian.
① In the INITIAL SET UP MENU select LANGUAGE.
② Select the desired Language.
③ Press JOYSTICK when done.
20
INSTALLATION
SECTION 4
OPERATION
In normal operation the RADAR 1000 MK2 is very easy to use and several of
its functions are totally automatic. However, the prudent navigator spends time
in good visibility to learn the layout of the controls and to become proficient in
their use, so that he/she will obtain the best performance from the equipment
when the visibility is poor, or the sea area is crowded.
This section takes you through the controls step-by-step.
4.1 LAYOUT OF CONTROLS
The layout of front panel controls is as shown in the diagram below.
VRM/EBL Key
J-Dial
Joystick with MENU/ENT
OFFSET Key
Contrast/Dimmer Key
Transmit/off Key
Stand-by/off Key
FIG. 4-1 OPERATING CONTROLS
OPERATION
21
4.2 TURNING THE RADAR ON AND OFF
TO TURN ON
TO TRANSMIT
TO STAND-BY
TO TURN OFF
Press the STBY/OFF key.
Press the X-MIT key.
Press the STBY/OFF key.
Press the STBY/OFF key and the X-MIT/OFF key simultaneously.
When you
Press the STBY/OFF key a 90 second warm-up count down timer is activated
and displayed together with the total (display unit) usage to date.
Press the X-MIT/OFF key the radar transmits, the scanner begins to rotate and
echoes will appear on the screen.
Press the STBY/OFF key the radar returns to stand-by mode to reduce battery
drain. The rotator stops.
Press the X-MIT/OFF key again, the radar reverts to full transmitting function
These sequences are also guided by on-screen prompts.
90 SEC
0000HOURS
VX.X
PUSH XMIT TO OPERATE
FIG. 4-2 TURNING THE RADAR ON/OFF
22
OPERATION
INTERFERENCE REJECTION "ON"
TARGET EXPANDER "ON"
RANGE RING INTERVAL (NM)
RANGE SCALE (NM)
OWN SHIP COURSE DATA
OWN SHIP SPEED DATA
SELECTING J-DIAL
LEVEL INDICATOR
TUNE INDICATOR
NAVIGATION DATA
TRAIL "ON"
POSITION DATA
GUARD ZONE ALARM "ON"
FIG. 4-3 LAYOUT OF THE SCREEN
OPERATION
23
4.3 SELECTING A RANGE
Press the J-DIAL until RANGE is highlighted in the upper right corner of the
display. The range scale and range rings setting in use is shown in the upper left
corner. Rotate the J-DIAL clockwise to increase the range and anti-clockwise
to decrease it. The range rings are automatically set to correspond with this
selection.
4.4 ADJUSTING RECEIVER SENSITIVITY
Press the J-DIAL until GAIN appears highlighted in the upper right corner of
the display. Rotate the J-DIAL clockwise or counterclockwise, to vary the gain
and thus control the strength of echo returns on the radar screen. An on-screen
bar indicates the gain level selected. The proper setting is when the background
noise is just visible on the screen. (i.e. a light speckled effect)
4.5 ADJUSTING TUNING
Press the J-DIAL until the TUNE appears highlighted at the upper right corner
of the display. Rotate the J-DIAL clockwise or counterclockwise, to maximize
the target echo. If there is no large, identifiable target (e.g. big ship or land)
within range, select SEA CLUTTER and turn the control to maximum. Use
these echoes from wave crests to adjust the tuning bar for fullest attainable
deflection. This is best done with the range set to 3 nm or 6 nm.
When the radar has warmed up, it may be necessary to make a further fine tune
adjustment.
AUTO TUNE
The RADAR 1000 MK2 has an automatic tuning feature. In this mode, the
radar automatically tunes itself for best efficiency at all ranges (refer to 4.24)
24
OPERATION
4.6 REDUCING SEA CLUTTER
CAUTION
Increasing the SEA CLUTTER control effectively diminishes the
radar’s sensitivity. SEA CLUTTER should never be advanced to
the point where it obliterates all returns from waves, since this
setting could prevent the detection of nearby targets, especially
small wood/grp boats and yachts approaching head-on.
The SEA CLUTTER control is normally only used on the shorter ranges to
suppress the effect of sea clutter formed by breaking wave crests which the
radar “sees” as solid objects.
Press the J-DIAL until the SEA appears highlighted in the upper right corner of
the display. Rotate the J-DIAL clockwise, or counterclockwise to vary the sea
clutter control and thus control the strength of echo returns from the sea surface. The on-screen bar indicates the selected level.
4.7 ADJUSTING RAIN CLUTTER
Press the J-DIAL until the RAIN appears highlighted at the upper right corner
of the display. Rotate the J-DIAL clockwise or counterclockwise, to vary the
level and thus control the strength of echoes returned from rain or snow. As you
rotate clockwise, the returned echoes will become narrower and the returns
from rain or snow will be reduced.
4.8 SETTING LCD CONTRAST
Press the CONT/DIM key, and then rotate the J-DIAL clockwise or counterclockwise to change the display contrast.
4.9 SETTING DIMMER
By pressing the CONT/DIM key, the back light for the LCD and the panel
illumination can be varied in intensity. This function has only the two settings
“ON” and “OFF”.
OPERATION
25
4.10 SETTING 1/4 OFFSET
By pressing the OFFSET key, the display is offset downwards by 1/4 radius,
expanding the display area in front of the vessel. Press the key a second time to
return the display to normal.
OFFSET MODE OFF
OFFSET MODE ON
4.11 RANGE MEASUREMENT
(1) Count the number of range scale rings in use between the center of the
screen and the ring preceding the target. Add to this distance an estimate of
the distance between this nearest ring and the inner edge of the target.
(2) Using VRM
Press the EBL/VRM key.
If EBL is highlighted, press and hold the EBL/VRM key to change to VRM
mode and activate the split-line VRM ring.
Rotate the J-DIAL clockwise to expand the VRM ring and increase its range.
To lessen the indicated range, rotate the dial in an anti-clockwise direction. The
actual target distance, in nautical miles, from the ship appears on the center top
of the screen in.
To turn off the VRM, press the EBL/VRM key while VRM is highlighted.
26
OPERATION
(3) Using cursor
Press the JOYSTICK to make the cross cursor appear on the screen. The
cross mark can be moved any direction by using the JOYSTICK. The range
and bearing will be displayed at the lower right corner on the display.
4.12 BEARING MEASUREMENT
(1) Using the bearing scale
Using the bearing scale on the screen, visually estimate a line from the center of the display (ship’s position) projected through the center of the target,
to reach the bearing scale around the perimeter of the display. The bearing
which you obtain is the terget’s relative bearing in degrees.
(2) Using EBL
Press the EBL/VRM key.
If VRM is highlighted, press and hold the EBL/VRM key to change to EBL
mode.
Rotate the J-DIAL clockwise or counterclockwise to move the electronic bearing line to cut the center of the target. The target bearing (in degrees relative to
the ship) then appears at the top center of the screen. The bearing may be displayed in relative “R”, true or magnetic “M” depending on the menu selection
and what other equipment is interfaced to the rader.
To turn off the EBL, press the EBL/VRM key while EBL is highlighted.
OPERATION
27
4.13 OPERATING MENU
Press the JOYSTICK to access the first menu sheet.
The JOYSTICK is then used to select a particular menu. Press again to open up
the sub menu, which will be displayed to the right side of the selected menu
” mark. The DISPLAY can be scrolled for the second menu
with the “
sheet which is below IR selection. GUARD on the first menu sheet is below
TUNE on the second menu and so on.
Pressing the JOYSTICK again will return the display to the normal video presentation.
FIRST MENU
FIG. 4-4
28
OPERATION
SECOND MENU
FIRST/SECOND MENU SHEET
4.14 SETTING GUARD
The guard zone alarm is effective for alerting the operator to targets approaching his own ship. An alarm is sounded when any (apparent) target returning an
echo above the noise threshold is detected. If sea clutter, or other incidental
echoes trip the alarm, adjust the gain control and/or the sea clutter to avoid this
false alarming.
① Press the JOYSTICK to display the menu sheet.
② Select GUARD-ON and press the JOYSTICK. The radar display returns to
the normal video presentation.
Corsor appears on the PPI screen and shows the distance and the azimuth of
the Maker. It displays the distance help line and the azimuth help line of the
dotted line.
CURSOR
③ Move the cursor to the desired guard
zone start point using the JOYSTICK
and then press the JOYSTICK again.
The distance help line and the azimuth THE AZIMUTH
HELP LINE
THE DISTANCE
help line of the dotted line are displayed
HELP LINE
in the fixation in the start point posiSTART POINT (cf. ③ )
tion at this time.
CURSOR
④ Next, move the cursor to the desired
guard zone Width point of your Guards
zone then press the JOYSTICK conSTART
trol.
POINT
THE NEW
It displays the distance help line of the
DISTANCE
HELP LINE
dotted line which is new at this time.
GUARD ZONE WIDTH (cf. ④ )
⑤ Next, move the cursor to the desired
end point of your guard zone then press
the JOYSTICK control. A ring in the
distance range is displayed by the solid
END
line at this time.
POINT
⑥ To turn the GUARD function Off,
START
POINT
select the GUARD-OFF on the Menu
sheet.
END POINT (cf. ⑤ )
OPERATION
29
4.15 RINGS
The range rings can be turned to on or off via this menu.
4.16 POSITION
Select this option to display the ship’s position (derived from a navaid input).
This function allows selection of ship’s position in latitude/longitude (LL), time
difference (TD) position, you may also display waypoint (WPT) as a LL position in place of your own position data. This menu also removes this data from
display. To highlight the required sub-function, move the cursor to it with the
JOYSTICK, then press JOYSTICK to activate it.
4.17 WAYPOINT
If the radar is interfaced with a LORAN or GPS with the necessary data output,
a waypoint symbol can be made to appear on the radar screen by activating the
WAYPOINT function in the DISPLAY menu. Numeric data, showing the
waypoint’s bearing, range, and time-to-go appear at the bottom right corner on
the screen.
4.18 SELECTION OF DATA FORMATS
This function selects the units and formats for the SHM, EBL, CURSOR and
WAYPOINT data.
It can be displayed in degrees True (T) or magnetic (M) and is indicated by
these letters on screen. The Ship’s Head Marker is always displayed as zero
degrees.
4.19 TRAIL
This feature allows the operator to see the past history of target movement as an
after-glow, or trail behind moving targets. The “glow-time” of these “trails”
and - hence - the amount of display time which they occupy, can be set to
“short” or “long”.
30
OPERATION
4.20 TARGET EXPANSION
Target expand mode can be set to “on” or “off”. When “on”, this function increases the size of the displayed images to make small targets appear larger and
easier to view on screen. When active,“EXP” is highlighted in the upper left
area of the screen.
4.21 INTERFERENCE REJECTION
CAUTION
If you’ll watch the RADAR BEACON and the SART, set the process as follows.
IR OFF
Interference Rejection (IR) mode can be set to “on” or “off”. The IR reduces
“noise” on the display caused by other radars. When active, the “IR” is highlighted at the upper left of the screen. If you are navigating in a port area serviced by a RACON, you should turn off the IR mode in order to see the RACON signals clearly.
4.22 DISPLAY MODE
Targets can be displayed in black on a white background, or vice versa.
4.23 PLANNED-TX MODE
The PLANNED-TX mode allows the operator to program the radar automatically to transmit for a pre-determined length of time, followed by a stand-by
period.
This maintains a radar watch whilst reducing the power consumption experienced during full transmit operation. In PLANNED-TX mode press the STBY/
OFF key and the radar will return to its normal operating mode.
OPERATION
31
4.24 SETTING AUTO/MANUAL TUNING
The Radar 1000 MK2 can be tuned either automatically or manually. If
MANUAL TUNING is selected, a tuning bar indicator is displayed. AUTO
TUNE mode will automatically tune the radar for optimum reception whenever
the radar is turned on, even if ranges are changed.
4.25 In Case an Unusual Condition Occurs during Operation
If the operator encounters unusual conditions, such as:-・The screen is disturbed.
・The machine accepts no key input.
While manipulating, initialize RADAR 1000 MK2 by following the steps given
below.
(a) Press the STBY/OFF and X-MIT/OFF keys simultaneously.
The RADAR 1000 MK2 is turned off.
(b) Press the EBL/VRM and STBY/OFF keys simultaneously.
All settings except the initial settings established through the “INITIAL
SET UP” menu are reset to their factory-set values.
32
OPERATION
4.26 DISPLAY OF RADAR TRANSPONDER
SART (Search and Rescur Radar Transponder) is life preserving device approved by GMDSS which is used for locating survivors in the event of a disaster or distress. SART operates in the 9 GHz frequency band. When it receives a
radar signal (interrogating radio wave) of 9 GHz transmitted by a rescue ship or
aircraft radar, SART transmits a series of respouse signals to the searchers to
indicate the distress position.
In order to see the SART or radar beacon mark on the radar screen.
: Select 6 or 12 nm.
① RANGE SCALE
② SEA
: Set to minimum.
③ TUNE
: DETUNED to reduce the clutter.
④ IR
: Set IR OFF.
SART Code
Position of SART
Position of the
Rescue Craft
Land
Other Ships
[EXAMPLE]
Attention
When above settings ① to ④ are made to display SART signals, objects around the own
ship will not appear on the radar screen, so perform thorough visual monitoring of the sea
area around the own ship to avoid any collision or stranding.
Further, when more than one radar systems are mounted, while using a 9 GHz band radar
for searching SART signals, be sure to use another radar as an ordinary radar to perform
monitoring of objects around the own ship to avoid any collision, check of the position of
the own ship to avoid any stranding, and so on.
Need to retune the set for normal operation on completeion.
OPERATION
33
SECTION 5
MAINTENANCE
The purpose of this section is to provide instructions for the service technician.
The RADAR 1000 MK2 is designed to provide long periods of trouble free
operation. However, environmental and other factors may require this equipment to be periodically serviced.
WARNING
This radar equipment contains high voltage. Adjustments require specialized service procedures and tools only available to
qualified service technicians. The layman should never remove
the radar unit cover, nor attempt to service this equipment. When
servicing this equipment, it is important that the technician complies with all safety precautions set forth in this manual.
The high voltage can cause severe personal injury.
5.1 PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
Continuous satisfactory operation of the radar depends on how well it is treated.
The following maintenance tips will save you time and money and will help to
avoid equipment failure.
1. Always keep the equipment as clean as possible. Remove immediately dirt,
dust, or spray from the display and from the scanner from time to time.
These units are “water resistant”, but not “water proof”. Do not immerse.
2. During routine ship’s maintenance, inspect the radar system for the following points:
(1) Check all hardware for tightness.
34
MAINTENANCE
(2) Check for any evidence of corrosion in the scanner unit and display unit,
or their cables and connecotrs. Clean as required.
(3) Check that the cable connector is secure.
5.2 CLEANING (MONTHLY INTERVALS)
Wash the exterior of the scanner with fresh water, but do not immerse the unit.
A heavy deposit of dirt, or caked salt on the surface of the scanner may cause a
considerable drop in the radar performance. Clean the face of the display unit
with a clean, soft, lint-free cloth, slightly dampened with fresh water.
5.3 LCD FILTER SURFACE CLEANING
In time, the surface of the LCD FILTER (screen) may accumulate a film of
contaminants, which tend to dim the picture. A good glass cleaner and a soft
cloth or towel can be used to clean the LCD display, the keyboard and the
display cabinet.
5.4 FUSE
A fuse seldom blows without some cause. Even if a fuse is replaced and it does
not immediately blow again, it may still be necessary to make further checks on
its associated circuits. If necessary, replace the 5A fuse (Normal-brow type) in
the power cable.
MAINTENANCE
35
SECTION 6
AFTER-SALES SERVICE
To verify ownership and warranty registration, you should take a few minutes
to fill out your warranty registration card in the front of the manual. It is very
important that you take time to fill out this card.
The warranty registration card should be returned to the nearest JRC service
center immediately after your purchase, in order to receive full warranty benefits.
Read the attached the warranty card. It contains important information on warranty limitations.
36
AFTER-SALES SERVICE
SECTION 7
SPECIFICATIONS
7.1 GENERAL
1. Maximum range:
2. Minimum range:
3. Range scales:
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
16 NM
Less than 25 m on the 0.125 NM range
Range
Number of
Range ring
(NM)
Rings
Interval(NM)
0.125
2
0.0625
0.25
2
0.125
0.5
2
0.25
0.75
3
0.25
1.0
4
0.25
1.5
6
0.25
3.0
6
0.5
6.0
6
1.0
12.0
6
2.0
16.0
4
4.0
Range discriminations: Less than 25 m
Range ring accuracy: Better than ± 0.9% ofmaximum range
of the scale in use, or 8 m, whichever is
the greater.
Bearing accuracy:
± 1 degree
Display device:
LCD: 115 × 86.4 mm (320 × 240 dots)
Environmental conditions:
Scanner unit
Temperature − 15℃ to + 55℃
Humidity
Up to 95% at 35℃
Display unit
Temperature − 10℃ to + 50℃ (Except LCD)
0℃ to + 50℃ (LCD)
Humidity
Up to 95% at 35℃
SPECIFICATIONS
37
Note: LCD performance will be slightly deteriorated in response
speed and brightness during extreme low temperatures.
9. Input power:
10.2 V to 16 V
10. Power consumption:
Approx. 30 W
11. AVR:
Floating AVR system
7.2 SCANNER UNIT
1. Dimensions:
Diameter
318 mm
Height
200 mm
2. Mass:
Approx. 4 kg
3. Polarization:
Horizontal
4. Beam width:
Horizontal
7°nominal
Vertical
30°
5. Sidelobes:
Less than − 20 dB
6. Rotation:
Approx. 32 rpm
7. Transmitter frequency: 9445 MHz
8. Peak power output:
1.5 kW
9. Pulse length/PRF:
0.08 µs/ 2250 Hz
(0.125, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75 NM)
0.3 µs/ 1200 Hz (1, 1.5 NM)
0.8 µs/ 600 Hz (3, 6, 12, 16 NM)
10. Duplexer:
T-junction with diode Limiter
11. Mixer:
MIC front end
12. IF amplifier:
Center frequency 60 MHz
Bandwidth
3/10 MHz
13. Noise figure:
Less than 10 dB
14. Characteristic:
Linear
7.3 DISPLAY UNIT
1. Dimensions:
2.
38
Mass:
SPECIFICATIONS
Width
Depth
Height
Approx. 1.2 kg
187 mm
83 mm
183 mm
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Mounting:
Video:
Tuning:
Bearing scale:
VRM:
EBL:
Alarm:
Offset:
Timed TX:
12. Language:
13. Features:
14. External input:
NAV-AID
Compass
Table, Overhead or Flush mount
4 levels quantitized
Auto/ Manual
360˚scale graduated at intervals of 5˚
3 digit readout
3 digit readout
Audible alarm with zone mark
1/4 radius below
Rotation period 10, 20 or 30 scans
Repetition period 3, 5, 10, 15 min.
English, French, Spanish,
Italian, Norweigian, German
VRM, EBL, Cursor with LL,
Interference rejection, Target expansion,
Target alarm, LL or TD readout, Waypoint
with LL, Offset, Timed TX, Target trail,
Auto tune
NMEA0183 (RMA, RMB, RMC, GLL,
GTD, VTG, BWC sentence) NMEA0182
NMEA0183 (HDG, HDM, HDT or VHW
sentence)
SPECIFICATIONS
39
;;;;;;;;;;;;
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;;;;;;;;;;;;
;;;;;;;;;;;;
;;;;;;;;;;;;
;;;;;;;;;;;;
;;;;;;;;;;;;
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;;;;;;;;;;;;
CUT OUT HATCHED AREA
4-HOLES DRILL
4.5mm ( .177" ) DIA
3.93"
100mm
7.20"
183mm
6.49"
165mm
7.36"
187mm
6.65"
169mm
6.33"
161mm
Fig.1 RADAR 1000 MK2 DISPLAY UNIT (NCD-3717A) FLUSH MOUNT TEMPLATE
ATF
6.3"
160mm
6.3"
160mm
FOWARD
4-HOLES DRILL
7.5mm ( 0.29" ) DIA
Fig.2 RADAR 1000 MK2 SCANNER UNIT (NKE-1053) RADOME TEMPLATE
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