Spectrum Master Model MS2711D User Guide

Spectrum Master Model MS2711D User Guide
User Guide
Spectrum Masterä
MS2711D
100 kHz to 3 GHz Spectrum Analyzer
Anritsu Company
490 Jarvis Drive
Morgan Hill, CA 95037-2809
USA
PN: 10580-00097
Revision: M
Published: September 2009
Copyright ã 2003-2009 Anritsu Co.
Chapter 2
Quick Start Guide
Introduction
This chapter provides a brief overview of the Anritsu MS2711D Spectrum Master. The intent of this chapter is to provide the user with a starting point for making basic measurements. For more detailed information, users may want to consult Chapter 3, Key Functions
or Chapter 4, Measurement Fundamentals.
Turning the MS2711D On for the First Time
The Anritsu MS2711D Spectrum Master is a lightweight, hand held, battery operated unit
designed specifically for field environments and applications requiring mobility. It is capable of up to 1.5 hours of continuous operation from a fully charged, field-replaceable battery. Built-in energy conservation features allow battery life to be extended over an
eight-hour workday.
The Anritsu MS2711D Spectrum Master can also be operated from an external power
source (which will also simultaneously charge the battery). This can be achieved with either
the Anritsu AC-DC Adapter (P/N 40-168-R) or the Automotive Cigarette Lighter Adapter
(P/N 806-141). Both items are included as standard accessories (see Chapter 1).
Press the ON/OFF front panel button (Figure 2-1).
MS2711D Spectrum Master
1
TRACE
4
SAVE
SETUP
RECALL
SETUP
5
SAVE
DISPLAY
9
ON
OFF
Figure 2-1.
AMPLITUDE
6
ON/OFF Key
MARKER
7
FREQ / SPAN
ESCAPE
CLEAR
MEAS
3
LIMIT
MODE
2
8
RECALL
DISPLAY
0
ENTER
SINGLE
CONT
+/-
PRINT
.
SYS
BW/SWEEP
MS2711D Power ON/OFF Key
The Spectrum Master takes about five seconds to perform a series of self-diagnostic routines. At completion, the screen displays the Anritsu logo, the model number, and the version of firmware. It also prompts you to press ENTER to continue.
2-1
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
The Anritsu Spectrum Master is now ready for operation. No additional keystrokes or installation are required. For information on making measurements with the Anritsu Spectrum
Master, refer to “Making a Basic Measurement,” on page 2-22. For advanced applications,
refer to Chapter 4, Measurement Fundamentals, Chapter 5, Field Measurements, Chapter 6,
Power Measurement and Chapter 7, Transmission Measurement.
Front Panel Overview
The Anritsu Spectrum Master menu-driven user interface is easy to use and requires little
training. Hard keys on the front panel are used to initiate function-specific menus. There are
four function hard keys located below the display: Mode, Frequency/Span, Amplitude and
Bandwidth/Sweep.
There are seventeen keypad hard keys located to the right of the display. Twelve of the keypad hard keys are dual purpose, depending on the current mode of operation. The dual purpose keys are labeled with one function in black, the other in green.
There are also six soft keys that change function depending upon the current mode selection. The current soft key function is indicated in the active function block to the right of
the display. The locations of the different keys are illustrated in Figure 2-2, below.
Soft Keys
Active Function Block
MS2711D Spectrum Master
1
TRACE
4
SAVE
SETUP
RECALL
SETUP
5
SAVE
DISPLAY
9
ON
OFF
AMPLITUDE
BW/SWEEP
Function Hard Keys
Figure 2-2.
2-2
MS2711D Keys
6
Keypad Hard Keys
MARKER
7
FREQ / SPAN
ESCAPE
CLEAR
MEAS
3
LIMIT
MODE
2
8
RECALL
DISPLAY
0
ENTER
SINGLE
CONT
+/-
PRINT
.
SYS
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
Display Overview
Figure 2-3 illustrates some of the key information areas of the MS2711D display.
TITLE BAR
SWEEP
MODE
DETECTION
METHOD
CURRENT
MENU
PREAMPLIFIER
STATE
MESSAGE AREA
Figure 2-3.
Display Overview
Figures 2-4 through 2-12 illustrate the menu structures and soft key labels for each menu
selection. Refer to Chapter 3, Key Functions, for more detailed hard and soft key descriptions.
2-3
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
MODE=SPECTRUM ANALYZER
SOFTKEYS:
FREQ/SPAN
AMPLITUDE
Center
Ref
Level
Span
Scale
Start
Atten/
Preamp
Edit
Stop
Auto
Full
Signal
Standard
Units
Manual
Zero
Ref
Level
Offset
Span
Up
1-2-5
Select
Standard
dBm
Volts
Span
Down
1-2-5
Select
Channel
dBV
Watts
Back
Uplink
dBmV
Preamp
Control
Manual
Downlink
dBuV
Back
Dynamic
Auto
Linear
Log
Manual
Back
Back
Back
Dynamic
Preamp
On/Off
Preamp
Auto
Back
Figure 2-4.
2-4
Menu Structure, FREQ/SPAN and AMPLITUDE Keys, Spectrum Analyzer Mode
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
MODE = SPECTRUM ANALYZER
BW/SWEEP
SOFTKEYS:
Bandwidth
Trigger
RBW
Auto
Max
Hold
Free
Run
RBW
Manual
Detection
VBW
Auto
Single
Min
Sweep
Time
External
Positive
Peak
VBW
Manual
More
RMS
Average
Video
Change
Trigger
Position
Average
(2-25)
Negative
Peak
Back
Min
Hold
Sampling
Mode
Back
Back
Back
Figure 2-5.
Menu Structure, BW/SWEEP Key, Spectrum Analyzer Mode
2-5
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
MODE = TRANSMISSION MEASUREMENT
SOFTKEYS:
FREQ/SPAN
AMPLITUDE
BW/SWEEP
Center
Ref
Level
Bandwidth
Span
Scale
Calibrate
TM
Atten/
Preamp
Start
Max
Hold
Edit
Average
(2-25)
Stop
Full
Auto
Min
Manual
Select
Standard
Span
Up
1-2-5
Dynamic
Select
Channel
Span
Down
1-2-5
Uplink
Back
Signal
Standard
Downlink
Min
Hold
Preamp
Control
Manual
Back
Manual
Back
Dynamic
Preamp
On/Off
Preamp
Auto
Back
2-6
RBW
Manual
VBW
Auto
VBW
Manual
Back
Auto
Figure 2-6.
RBW
Auto
Menu Structure, Transmission Measurement Mode (Option 21)
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
MODE=POWER METER
FREQ/SPAN
AMPLITUDE
BW/SWEEP
Center
Units
RMS
Averaging
Span
Rel
SOFTKEYS:
Off
Edit
Offset
dB
Low
Zero
Full
Medium
Min
High
Signal
Standard
Select
Standard
Span
Up
1-2-5
Select
Channel
Span
Down
1-2-5
Uplink
Back
Back
Downlink
Back
Figure 2-7.
Menu Structure, Power Meter Mode (Option 29)
2-7
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
MODE = SPECTRUM ANALYZER
System
Options
Application
Options
Clock
Self
Test
Printer
Hour
External
Ref
Freq
Status
Units
Minute
GPS
Change
Date
Format
Impedance
Month
GPS
On/Off
Day
Back
Language
English
50
Location
75__
Anritsu
12N50-75B
Year
Quality
Back
Back
Other
Adapter
Offset
Reset
Back
Figure 2-8.
2-8
Menu Structure, SYS Key, Spectrum Analyzer Mode
Back
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
MODE = TRANSMISSION MEASUREMENT
OR POWER METER
System
Options
Application
Options
Clock
Printer
Hour
Self
Test
External
Ref
Freq
Status
Units
Minute
Change
Date
Format
Month
Impedance
Language
English
50
Day
Back
75__
Anritsu
12N50-75B
Year
Back
Back
Other
Adapter
Offset
Back
Figure 2-9.
Menu Structure, SYS Key, Transmission Measurement and Power Meter Modes
2-9
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
MODE = SPECTRUM ANALYZER
TRACE KEY:
TRACE
3
Normalize
A -> B
A-B
->
A
A+B
->
A
Trace
A
Reset
A
Normalize
On/Off
Trace
B
View
B
Clear
B
Recall
Trace
-> B
Back
Back
Figure 2-10.
2-10
Menu Structure, TRACE Key, Spectrum Analyzer Mode
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
MODE = TRANSMISSION MEASUREMENT
TRACE KEY:
TRACE
3
Recall
Trace
-> B
View B/
Clear B
A -> B
A-B
->
A
A+B
->
A
Figure 2-11.
Menu Structure, TRACE Key, Transmission Measurement Mode (Option 21)
2-11
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
MODE = SPECTRUM ANALYZER
Center
Freq
MEAS KEY:
MEAS
4
Field
Strength
Main
Channel
BW
Set
IA
Freq
Adjacent
Channel
BW
Measure
Channel
Spacing
IA
Freq To
Center
Measure
IA
Freq As
Marker M1
OBW
On/Off
Select
Standard
Antenna
Select
Custom
Antenna
Back
Channel
Power
Method
Back
%
Center
Freq
dBc
Int
BW
Channel
Span
Back
ACPR
Int.
Analysis
More
Measure
Zoom
One
Channel
AM/FM
Demod
Back
Measure
C/I
On/Off
Back
Signal
Type
Demod
Type
Center
Demod
Freq
Span
Volume
AM
Back
Min
Sweep
Time
Demod
Time
Measure
Back
FM
Wide
Band
FM
Narrow
Band
SSB
Lower
Back
SSB
Upper
Back
Figure 2-12.
2-12
Menu Structure, MEAS Key, Spectrum Analyzer Mode
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
MODE = SPECTRUM ANALYZER/TRANSMISSION MEASUREMENT
MARKER KEY:
MARKER
8
M1
M2
On/Off
M3
Edit
On/Off
M4
Edit
On/Off
All
Off
Marker
To
Peak
Delta
(M2-M1)
Edit
On/Off
Marker
Freq To
Center
Marker
To
Peak
Delta
(M3-M1)
Edit
Back
Marker
Freq To
Center
Marker
To
Peak
Delta
(M4-M1)
M5
Back
Marker
Freq To
Center
Marker
To
Peak
M6
Back
Marker
Freq To
Center
Regular
Marker
More
Back
On/Off
On/Off
Edit
Edit
Marker
Freq To
Center
Marker
Freq To
Center
Peak
Between
M1&M2
Peak
Between
M3&M4
Valley
Between
M1&M2
Valley
Between
M3&M4
Back
Noise
Marker
All
Off
Back
Back
Figure 2-13. Menu Structure, MARKER Key, Spectrum Analyzer and Transmission Measurement
(Option 21) Modes
2-13
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
MODE = SPECTRUM ANALYZER OR
TRANSMISSION MEASUREMENT
LIMIT KEY:
LIMIT
7
Single
Limit
Multiple
Upper
Limits
Multiple
Lower
Limits
Segment
1
Segment
2
Segment
1
Segment
3
Segment
2
Segment
4
Segment
3
Segment
5
Segment
4
Back
Segment
5
Limit
Beep
On/Off
Edit
Upper /
Lower
Limit
Back
Back
Figure 2-14.
Modes
2-14
Menu Structure, LIMIT Key, Spectrum Analyzer and Transmission Measurement (Option 21)
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
Test Panel Connectors
The connectors and indicators located on the test panel are listed and described below.
12-15VDC
(3A)
DC input to power the unit or for battery charging.
Input is 12 to 15 Vdc @ 3A.
WARNING
When using the AC-DC Adapter, always use a three-wire power cable connected to a three-wire power line outlet. If power is supplied without grounding
the equipment in this manner, there is a risk of receiving a severe or fatal electric
shock.
Battery
Charging
Indicator light to show that the battery is being charged. The indicator light automatically shuts off when the battery is fully charged.
External
Power
Indicator light to show that the instrument is being powered by the external
charging unit.
Serial
Interface
RS232 DB9 interface to a COM port on a personal computer (for use with the
Anritsu Handheld Software Tools program). Also provides a serial interface to a
printer. An optional serial to USB adapter, Anritsu part number 551-1691-R, is
available for use in connecting printers and working with Handheld Software
Tools. This serial to USB adapter is the only adapter thoroughly tested by
Anritsu to be trouble free in communicating between the PC and Anritsu
handheld products.
RF In
50 W RF input for spectrum analysis and stimulus-response measurements.
Ext Freq Ref
/ Ext Trigger
BNC connector for connection of an external frequency reference or external
trigger.
RF Out/ 50W
RF output, 50 W impedance, for transmission measurements (Option 21).
Headphone
Jack
Provides audio output for the built-in AM/FM demodulator for testing and troubleshooting wireless communication systems.
Battery
Contains the NiMH battery, part number 633-27. To open, turn the fastener
Compartment ¼-turn counter-clockwise, pull up and remove the battery compartment door.
Remove the battery by pulling straight up on the battery lanyard. Replacement is
the opposite of removal.
2-15
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
Making Spectrum Analyzer Measurements
Required Equipment
l
MS2711D Handheld Spectrum Analyzer
Selecting Spectrum Analyzer Mode
Step 1. Press the ON/OFF key.
Step 2. Press the MODE key and use the Up/Down arrow key to select Spectrum Analyzer mode. Press ENTER to set the mode.
Making a Measurement
Step 1. Connect the input cable to the RF In test port.
Step 2. Locate and display the signal(s) of interest by selecting the desired frequency,
span, and amplitude value.
Selecting the Frequency
Step 1. Press the FREQ/SPAN key to display the Frequency menu.
Step 2. To enter a center frequency, select the Center soft key and use the keypad to enter the desired center frequency.
or
To set a specific frequency band, select the Start soft key and use the keypad to
enter the desired start frequency, then select the Stop soft key and use the keypad to enter the desired stop frequency.
Selecting the Span
Step 1. Press the FREQ/SPAN key to display the Frequency menu.
Step 2. Press the Span soft key to display the Span menu.
Step 3. To set a specific span, use the Up/Down arrow key or enter the desired span on
the keypad and select the GHz, MHz, kHz, or Hz soft key as appropriate.
or
For a full span, select the Full soft key. Selecting Full will override the Start and
Stop frequencies set above.
or
For a single frequency measurement, select the Zero soft key.
NOTE: To quickly move the span value up or down, select the Span Up 1-2-5
or Span Down 1-2-5 soft keys. These keys facilitate a zoom-in, zoom-out in a
1-2-5 sequence.
2-16
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
Selecting a Signal Standard
Step 1. Press the FREQ/SPAN key to display the Frequency menu.
Step 2. Press the Signal Standard soft key.
Step 3. Use the Up/Down arrow key to highlight the desired signal standard. Use the
Top of List, Page Up, Page Down and Bottom of List soft keys to quickly
navigate through the list. Press ENTER to select a signal standard. Selecting a
signal standard sets the center frequency and span.
Selecting the Amplitude
Step 1. Press the AMPLITUDE key.
Step 2. Press the Units soft key and select the desired units from the soft keys presented. Press the Back soft key to return to the Amplitude menu.
Step 3. Press the Ref Level soft key and use the Up/Down arrow key or directly enter
the desired reference level from the keypad. Press ENTER to set the amplitude
level.
Step 4. Press the Scale soft key and use the Up/Down arrow key or directly enter the
desired scale from the keypad. Press ENTER to set the scale.
NOTES: The Scale soft key is not available when the Units selection is Linear
(see page 3-12).
Press the Atten/Preamp soft key and select Auto coupling of the attenuator
setting and the reference level to help insure that harmonics and spurs are not
introduced into the measurements. See Attenuator Functions (page 4-3) for
more information.
Selecting Bandwidth Parameters
Both resolution bandwidth (RBW) and video bandwidth (VBW) can be automatically or
manually coupled. Auto coupling of the RBW links the RBW to the span. That is, the wider
the span, the wider the RBW. Auto coupling is indicated on the display as RBW XXX.
When the RBW is manually coupled, it can be adjusted independently of the span. Manual
RBW coupling is indicated on the display as RBW *XXX where XXX is the bandwidth.
Auto coupling of the VBW links the VBW to the RBW. That is, the wider the RBW, the
wider the VBW. Auto coupling is indicated on the display as VBW XXX. When the VBW
is manually coupled, it can be adjusted independently of the RBW. Manual VBW coupling
is indicated on the display as VBW *XXX where XXX is the bandwidth.
Step 1. Press the BW/SWEEP key to display the bandwidth menu.
Step 2. To select the resolution or video bandwidth, press the Bandwidth soft key.
Step 3. Press RBW Auto for automatic resolution bandwidth selection, or press
RBW Manual and use the Up/Down arrow key to select the resolution bandwidth. Press ENTER to set the resolution bandwidth.
Step 4. Press VBW Auto for automatic video bandwidth selection, or press
VBW Manual and use the Up/Down arrow key to select the video bandwidth.
Press ENTER to set the video bandwidth. Press the Back soft key to return to
the bandwidth menu.
2-17
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
Selecting Sweep Parameters
Press the BW/SWEEP key to set the sweep parameters.
Max Hold
Maximum hold displays the maximum response of the input signal over multiple sweeps.
To toggle maximum hold on or off, press the Max Hold soft key.
Min Hold
Minimum Hold displays the minimum response of the input signal over multiple sweeps.
To toggle minimum hold on or off, press the More and Min Hold soft keys.
Trigger
To set the triggering, select the Trigger soft key. Selections are:
Free Run - This is the default triggering mode. The instrument sweeps continuously
in this mode.
Single - When this soft key is pressed the instrument does a single sweep then waits
in Hold mode until the ENTER key is pressed or another triggering mode is selected.
External - In this mode, a sweep is initiated by a TTL level signal applied to the Ext
Freq Ref/Ext Trigger BNC connector.
Video - This mode is used in zero span to set the power level at which a sweep is initiated. The power level can be set from –120 dBm to +20 dBm. If there is no signal
that reaches or exceeds the trigger level, there will be no trace on screen.
Change Trigger Position - This soft key is used in conjunction with video triggering
to set the horizontal position on the display where a signal that meets the video triggering criterion will be placed. The value can be from 0% to 100%. Zero percent
places the triggering event at the left edge of the screen while 100% places the triggering even at the right edge of the screen.
Detection Method
Each display point represents some number of measurements combined by a detection
method. The number of measurements per display point is affected by the span and the resolution bandwidth. The four available detection methods are Positive Peak, RMS Average,
Negative Peak and Sampling Mode. Positive peak displays the maximum value of all the
measurements associated with that display point. RMS Average detection displays the RMS
average of all the measurements associated with that display point. Negative peak displays
the minimum value of all the measurements associated with that display point. Sampling
Mode displays one of the measurements associated with each display point.
To set the detection method, press the Detection soft key and select either Positive Peak,
RMS Average, Negative Peak, or Sampling Mode.
Minimum Sweep Time
The minimum sweep time allows a value from .05 ms to 200 seconds to be entered. The actual sweep time will be either the Min Sweep Time entered, or the time necessary to
achieve accurate results, whichever is greater.
Sweep Average
In order to reduce the effects of noise, it may be desirable to average the results of several
sweeps and display that average rather than the results of individual sweeps.
2-18
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
To set the number of sweeps to average, press the More soft key, then the Average (2-25)
soft key and use the Up/Down arrow key or directly enter the desired number of sweeps
from the keypad. Press ENTER to set the sweep average.
NOTE: Max Hold, Min Hold, and Average are mutually exclusive.
Adjusting Markers
Step 1. Press the MARKER key to call up the Markers menu (see page 3-31).
Step 2. Press the M1 soft key to select the M1 marker function.
Step 3. Press the Edit soft key and enter an appropriate marker frequency using the
keypad or Up/Down arrow key. Pressing the On/Off soft key activates or deactivates the M1 marker function.
Step 4. Press the Back soft key to return to the Markers Menu.
Step 5. Repeat the steps for markers M2, M3, M4, M5 and M6. (Press the More soft
key to access M5 and M6.)
Adjusting Limits
The MS2711D offers two types of limits: a single horizontal limit line and segmented limits.
Adjusting a Single Limit
Step 1. Press the LIMIT key.
Step 2. Press the Single Limit soft key.
Step 3. Press the Edit soft key.
Step 4. Either enter the value using the numeric keypad or scroll the limit line using the
Up/Down arrow key.
Step 5. Press ENTER to set the location of the limit line.
The single limit line can be defined as either an upper limit or a lower limit.
Defining an Upper Limit
An upper limit is one where the measurement fails if the data appears ABOVE the limit
line.
Press the Upper/Lower Limit soft key, if necessary, so that the status window says:
Fail if data is: Above Line.
Defining a Lower Limit
A lower limit is one where the measurement fails if the data appears BELOW the limit line.
Press the Upper/Lower Limit soft key, if necessary, so that the status window says:
Fail if data is: Below Line.
Adjusting Segmented Limits
Segmented limit lines are defined separately as five upper limit segments and five lower
limit segments. This allows the definition of a spectral mask.
2-19
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
A limit segment is defined by its end points. That is, starting frequency, starting amplitude,
ending frequency, and ending amplitude. This procedure describes the setting of two upper
limit segments. The steps can be carried over to the other upper limit segments as well as to
the lower limit segments.
Step 1. Press the LIMIT key.
Step 2. Press the Multiple Upper Limits soft key.
Step 3. Press the Segment 1 soft key.
Step 4. Press the Edit soft key. Successive dialog boxes allow you to change the values
of the start frequency, start limit, end frequency and end limit. Either enter the
value using the numeric keypad and the GHz, MHz, kHz, or Hz soft keys or
scroll the limit line using the Up/Down arrow key. Press the ENTER key to
continue after each entry.
Step 5. Press the Next Segment soft key to move on to Segment 2 (If the Next Segment soft key is not available, press ENTER). If the status of Segment 2 is Off,
pressing the Next Segment soft key will automatically set the start point of
Segment 2 equal to the end point of Segment 1.
Step 6. Repeat Steps 4 and 5 for the remaining segments.
The MS2711D does not allow overlapping limit segments of the same type. That is, two upper limit segments cannot overlap and two lower limit segments cannot overlap.
The MS2711D also does not allow vertical limit segments. A limit segment in which the
start and end frequencies are the same, but the limit values are different, cannot be specified.
Enabling the Limit Beep
Both limit types can indicate a limit violation by enabling the Limit Beep. An audible
"beep" will sound at each data point that violates the defined limit.
Step 1. Press the LIMIT key.
Step 2. Press the Limit Beep soft key.
The status window will indicate that the status of the limit beep is On, and the soft key will
remain in the "down" state. Press the Limit Beep soft key again to disable the limit beep.
Adjusting Attenuator Settings
The spectrum analyzer attenuation can be automatically coupled, manually coupled, or dynamically adjusted.
Step 1. Press the AMPLITUDE key.
Step 2. Press the Atten/Preamp soft key.
Step 3. Select the soft key corresponding to the desired coupling mode, as described below.
Auto
Auto coupling of the attenuation links the attenuation to the reference level. That is, the
higher the reference level, the higher the attenuation. Auto coupling is indicated on the display as Atten=Auto.
2-20
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
Manual
When manually coupled, the attenuation can be adjusted independently of the reference
level. Manual attenuation coupling is indicated on the display as Atten=Manual.
IMPORTANT!
The attenuation should be adjusted such that the maximum signal amplitude
at the input mixer is –30 dBm or less for any signal within the frequency range
of the instrument. For example, if the reference level is +20 dBm, the attenuation should be 50 dB such that the input signal at the mixer is –30 dBm
(+20 – 50 = –30). This prevents signal compression.
Dynamic
Dynamic attenuation sets the attenuation based on the overall signal environment. This
prevents the input mixer from being saturated even by signals that are off screen. Dynamic
attenuation is indicated on the display as Atten=Dynamic.
Adjusting the Display Brightness
The brightness of the MS2711D display can be adjusted to accommodate varying light conditions and to help discern traces when using the Trace Overlay feature (see page 4-19).
Step 1. Press the Brightness key (numeric keypad number 1).
Step 2. Adjust the brightness using the Up/Down arrow key.
Step 3. Press ENTER to save the new setting.
Setting the System Language
The MS2711D can operate in English, French, German, Spanish, Chinese or Japanese. To
select a language:
Step 1. Press the SYS key.
Step 2. Press the Language soft key to advance through the available languages. Stop
when the desired language is reached.
Setting the System Impedance
The MS2711D RF In and RF Out ports both have 50 W impedance. The firmware of the
MS2711D can compensate for a 50 to 75 W adapter on the RF In port.
Step 1. Press the SYS key.
Step 2. Press the Impedance soft key.
Step 3. If using the Anritsu 12N50-75B adapter, press the 75W Anritsu 12N50-75B
soft key.
Step 4. If using a different adapter, press the Other Adapter Offset soft key. Enter the
loss value using the numeric keypad or the Up/Down arrow key. Press the
ENTER key to set the loss value.
NOTE: 75 W adapters cannot be used with frequency converter modules.
2-21
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
Making a Basic Measurement
Making a basic measurement with the Anritsu Spectrum Master is similar to making a measurement with a conventional spectrum analyzer. Users need simply to power-on and tune
the Anritsu Handheld Spectrum Analyzer to locate and display a signal on the screen. Once
a signal is displayed, the user can measure the signal input in four simple steps to determine
the frequency and amplitude of the signal.
These steps are:
l
Setting the center frequency
l
Setting the frequency span
l
Setting the amplitude
l
Activating the marker
NOTE: Frequency, span and amplitude are the fundamental functions for spectrum analyzer measurements. However, by using marker functions, you are
able to read out frequencies and amplitudes on the spectrum analyzer trace.
This lets you make relative measurements, automatically locate the signal of
the highest amplitude on a trace, and tune the spectrum analyzer to track a signal. For more information, refer to Chapter 4, “Measurement Fundamentals.”
Example – Measuring a 900 MHz signal
NOTE: A “reset” step is recommended to return the instrument to the factory
default settings if a known starting state is desired before beginning any measurement. Some of the factory defaults include preamp off, RBW, VBW, and
Span automatically coupled, and attenuation coupled to the reference level.
There are two methods that can be used to reset the MS2711D to the factory
defaults:
If the unit is off, hold down the ESCAPE/CLEAR key while pressing the
ON/OFF key. This resets the instrument to the factory preset state for all
modes.
If the unit is on, press the RECALL SETUP key on the keypad. When the key is
pressed, a Recall Setup selection box for the current mode of operation appears on the display. Select setup location 0 <Default> to recall the factory preset state for the currently selected mode.
Step 1. Press the ON/OFF key, then the ENTER key when prompted.
Step 2. Connect a signal generator to the input of the Anritsu Spectrum Master and configure it to provide a -10 dBm, 900 MHz signal.
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Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
Set the Center Frequency
Step 1. Press the FREQ/SPAN key.
Step 2. Press the Center frequency soft key.
NOTE: To set the center frequency to 900 MHz, use the numerical keypad to
the right of the display. The data keys allow you to select the exact numeric
value of the active function, which in this example is the center frequency.
When activating the center frequency function, the spectrum analyzer is set to
the center-frequency span mode.
Step 3. Enter 900 on the keypad and select the MHz soft key, or ENTER which defaults to MHz. Observe that the signal resembles that shown in Figure 2-15.
Figure 2-15.
Signal at 900 MHz
Set the Frequency Span
Step 1. Press the FREQ/SPAN key.
Step 2. Press the Span soft key.
The Edit soft key will be in its down state and the span parameter will be open for editing.
There are several methods by which to edit the open parameter.
Enter a New Value
Select a new value using the Up/Down arrow key and press ENTER, or enter a new value
using the numeric keypad and select one of the four frequency terminator soft keys.
Automatically Set Full Span
Press the Full soft key. The span will automatically be set to the full range of the
MS2711D.
Automatically Set Zero Span
Press the Zero soft key. The span will automatically be set to zero, at the current center frequency. Zero Span will reset the minimum RBW to 30 kHz.
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Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
Span Up in a 1-2-5 Sequence
Press the Span Up 1-2-5 soft key to increase the span to the nearest power of 10, times either 1, 2 or 5. For example, if the current span is 300 kHz, pressing the Span Up 1-2-5 soft
key will change the span to 500 kHz. Pressing the Span Up 1-2-5 soft key again will
change the span to 1 MHz.
Span Down in a 1-2-5 Sequence
Press the Span Down 1-2-5 soft key to decrease the span to the nearest power of 10, times
either 1, 2 or 5. For example, if the current span is 300 kHz, pressing the Span Down
1-2-5 soft key will change the span to 200 kHz. Pressing the Span Down 1-2-5 soft key
again will change the span to 100 kHz.
A span of 500 MHz is shown in Figure 2-16.
Figure 2-16.
2-24
500 MHz Frequency Span
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
Set the Amplitude
Generally, placing the signal peak at the reference level provides the best measurement accuracy. The following steps will adjust the signal peak to the reference level (Figure 2-17).
Step 1. Press the AMPLITUDE key.
Step 2. Press the Atten/Preamp soft key and the Auto soft key to select automatic attenuation.
Step 3. Press the Back soft key.
Step 4. Press the Units soft key and select dBm as the amplitude units.
Step 5. Press the Back soft key and then the Ref Level soft key.
Step 6. Press the +/– key and 10 on the keypad and then press ENTER to set the reference level to –10 dBm.
Step 7. Press the Scale soft key and use the key pad or Up/Down arrow key to select a
scale of 10 dB/division. Press the ENTER key to set the scale.
Observe that the display resembles that shown in Figure 2-17.
Figure 2-17
Reference Level set at –10 dBm
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Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
Activate the Marker
The marker reads both the frequency and the amplitude, and it displays these values in the
message area at the bottom of the display. In this case, the marker will read 900 MHz and
approximately –10.00 dBm, as shown in Figure 2-18.
Step 1. Press the MARKER key.
Step 2. Press the M1 soft key .
Step 3. Press the Marker To Peak soft key to turn on marker M1 and set it to the highest point on the trace.
Step 4. Read both frequency and the amplitude values identified by the selected marker.
These values are displayed in the message area at the bottom of the display
(Figure 2-18). The current marker is highlighted.
Figure 2-18.
Activated Normal Marker
NOTE: A marker can be placed at the peak of the signal by pressing Marker To
Peak, or by using the Up/Down arrow key to move the marker manually.
When using more than one marker, it may be desirable to use the marker delta
function, defined as delta (Mx–M1) in the active function box. The marker delta
function reads the difference in amplitude and frequency between two signals
and displays the values in the area below the display.
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Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
Save and Recall Display
The MS2711D can store up to 200 trace displays in internal memory. Stored traces can be
recalled to the display or uploaded to a PC using the Handheld Software Tools program
(see Chapter 10, Handheld Software Tools).
Save the Display
Step 1. Press the SAVE DISPLAY key.
Step 2. To enter a name for the display, press the soft key letter group that contains the
desired letter, then select the soft key for that letter. Continue to select letters up
to a maximum of 16 characters.
Step 3. Press ENTER to set the saved display name.
Recall the Display
Step 1. Press the RECALL DISPLAY key.
Step 2. Select the desired display using the Up/Down arrow key.
Step 3. Press ENTER to recall the selected display.
Step 4. Press the ESCAPE/CLEAR key to return to measurement mode. The
MS2711D will resume measuring.
Printing
Printing is accomplished using any printer listed in the MS2711D printer selection table.
Available printers include:
Canon BJC 50
Canon BJC 80
HP DJ 340, 350, 450
HP DJ 500 Series
Canon BJC 250
Canon BJC 4400
Citizen PN Models
HP DJ 600 Series
HP DJ 800 Series
HP DJ 1120C
Epson Esc/P Compatible
Epson Esc/P2 Compatible
Epson Esc/P Raster Compatible
Epson Stylus Models
Epson LQ Models
HP LJ 6L, 6P, 4000
HP PCL3 Compatible
NEC Superscript Models
NEC Silentwriter Models
Seiko DPU 411, 414 Models
Figure 2-19 shows a setup diagram for two types of printers. Refer to the printer manual for
setup details.
Printer Switch Settings
Set the switches on the serial-to-parallel interface cable to the HP Deskjet 450 ink jet
printer or other parallel interface printer as follows:
SW1
SW2
SW3
SW4
SW5
SW6
SW7
SW8
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
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Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
Printer Setup
Step 1. Connect the printer as shown in Figure 2-19.
SERIAL-TO-PARALLEL
INTERFACE CABLE
S332D
1
2
START
CAL
AUTO
SCALE
SAVE
SETUP
RECALL
SETUP
3
5
LIMIT
7
SAVE
DISPLAY
9
ON
OFF
MODE
FREQ/DIST
Figure 2-19.
AMPLITUDE
ESCAPE
CLEAR
4
6
MARKER
8
RECALL
DISPLAY
0
ENTER
RUN
HOLD
HP
DESKJET
PRINTER
+/-
PRINT
.
SYS
MEAS/DISP
Printer Setup
Step 2. Press the SYS key and the Options soft key.
Step 3. Press the Printer soft key and select from the displayed menu of supported
printers.
Step 4. Press ENTER to select the printer.
NOTE: The above procedure applies only to newly connected printers. If the
currently connected printer is the same one that was most recently connected
and used, simply pressing the PRINT key will initiate the print process.
Printing a Screen
Step 1. Connect the printer as shown in Figure 2-19.
Step 2. Obtain the desired measurement display
Step 3. Press the PRINT key.
Step 4. Press ENTER when the printer is ready.
2-28
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
Battery Information
Charging a New Battery
The NiMH battery supplied with the instrument has already completed three charge and
discharge cycles at the factory and full battery performance should be realized after your
first charge.
NOTE: The battery will not charge if the battery temperature is above 45° C or
below 0° C.
Charging the Battery in the Instrument
The battery can be charged while installed in the instrument.
Step 1. Turn the instrument off.
Step 2. Connect the AC-DC adapter (Anritsu part number: 40-168-R) to the instrument
DC power input port.
Step 3. Connect the AC-DC adapter to a 120 VAC or 240 VAC power source as appropriate for your application.
The green external power indicator on the instrument will illuminate, indicating
the presence of external DC power, the battery charge indicator will light, and
the battery will begin fast charging. The charging indicator will remain lit as
long as the battery is fast charging. Once the battery is fully charged, the fast
charging indicator will turn off and a trickle charge will be started to maintain
battery capacity. If the battery fails to charge, contact your nearest Anritsu service center.
NOTE: If a battery is excessively discharged, it may require several hours of
trickle charging before the charger will allow a fast charge. Switching to fast
charge mode is not automatic. You must either cycle the power on and off, or
disconnect and reconnect the AC-DC adapter.
Temperature extremes will affect the ability of the battery to charge. Allow the
battery to cool down or warm up as necessary before use or charging.
Charging the Battery in the Optional Charger
Up to two batteries can be charged simultaneously in the optional battery charger.
Step 1. Remove the NiMH battery from your instrument and place it in the optional
charger (Anritsu part number 2000-1029).
Step 2. Connect the lead from the AC-DC adapter to the charger.
Step 3. Connect the AC-DC adapter to a 120 VAC or 240 VAC power source as appropriate for your application.
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Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
Each battery holder in the optional charger has an LED charging status indicator. The LED
color changes as the battery is charged:
Red indicates the battery is charging
Green indicates the battery is fully charged
Yellow indicates the battery is in a waiting state (see below).
A yellow light may occur because the battery became too warm during the charge cycle.
The charger will allow the battery to cool off before continuing the charge. A yellow light
may also indicate that the charger is alternating charge to each of the two batteries.
A blinking red light indicates less than 13 VDC is being supplied to the charger stand.
Check that the correct AC charger adapter is connected to the charger stand. If the battery
fails to charge, contact your nearest Anritsu Service Center.
Determining Remaining Battery Life
When the AC-DC adapter is disengaged, a battery indicator symbol is continuously displayed at the top-left corner of the display (Figure 2-20). A totally black bar within the battery icon indicates a fully charged battery. When LOW BATT replaces the battery indicator
bar at the top left corner, a couple of minutes of measurement time remain. If a flashing
LOW BATT is accompanied by an audio beep at the end of each trace, the battery has approximately one minute of useable time remaining.
Figure 2-20.
Battery Monitor
Once all the power has drained from the battery, the instrument display will fade. At this
point, your instrument will switch itself off and the battery will need to be recharged.
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Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
During operation, the battery condition can be viewed by pressing the SYS key and selecting the Self Test soft key. The battery condition will be displayed as a percentage of the
charge remaining.
Selftest
Temperature . . . . . . . . 24°C
Memory . . . . . . . . . . .
PASSED
RTC Battery . . . . . . . . 3.1V
Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . External (12.7V)
Battery Cal . . . . . . . . . PASSED
Battery Charge . . . . . . 99% (I = 0 mA)
VNA PLL . . . . . . . . . . . PASSED
VNA Integrator . . . . .
PASSED
SPA LO . . . . .. . . . . . . PASSED
Press ESCAPE to return.
Figure 2-21.
Self Test Battery Condition Display
Battery Life
The NiMH battery will last longer and perform better if allowed to completely discharge
before recharging. For maximum battery life, it is recommended that the NiMH battery be
completely discharged and recharged once every three months.
It is normal for NiMH batteries to self-discharge during storage, and to degrade to 80% of
original capacity after 12 months of continuous use.
Figure 2-22.
NiMH Battery Storage Characteristics
The battery can be charged and discharged 300 to 500 times, but it will eventually wear out.
The battery may need to be replaced when the operating time between charging is noticeably shorter than normal.
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Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
Important Battery Information
·
With a new NiMH battery, full performance is achieved after three to five complete
charge and discharge cycles. The NiMH battery supplied with the Spectrum Master has
already completed three charge and discharge cycles at the factory.
·
Recharge the battery only in the Spectrum Master, or in an Anritsu approved charger.
·
When the Spectrum Master or the charger is not in use, disconnect it from the power
source.
·
Do not charge batteries for longer than 24 hours, as overcharging may shorten battery
life.
·
Temperature extremes will affect the ability of the battery to charge. Allow the battery to
cool down or warm up as necessary before use or charging.
·
Discharge an NiMH battery from time to time to improve battery performance and battery life.
·
The battery may need to be replaced when the operating time between charging is noticeably shorter than normal.
·
The battery can be charged and discharged hundreds of times, but it will eventually wear
out.
·
If left unused, a fully charged battery will discharge itself over time.
·
If a battery is allowed to totally discharge, the smart-memory capability of the battery
may be lost, resulting in incorrect battery capacity readings or loss of communication
with the battery.
·
For long term storage, the battery should be removed from the unit, and stored within a
controlled environment.
·
Battery storage is recommended at less than 45° C. The battery will discharge faster at
higher ambient temperatures.
·
Storing the battery in extreme hot or cold places will reduce the capacity and lifetime of
the battery.
·
Do not short-circuit the battery terminals.
·
Do not drop, mutilate or attempt to disassemble the battery.
·
Never use a damaged or worn out charger or battery.
·
Always use the battery for its intended purpose only.
·
Batteries must be recycled or disposed of properly. Do not place batteries in the trash.
·
Do not dispose of batteries in a fire!
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Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
Symbols
Table 2-1 provides a listing of the symbols used as condition indicators on the display.
Table 2-1.
Display Icon Symbols
Icon
HOLD
T
Symbol
The instrument is in power conservation mode while operating from the
battery. To resume sweeping, press the ENTER key. After 10 minutes
without a key press, the instrument will automatically enter power conservation mode. This icon is also displayed at the end of a single sweep.
PLL Lock fail indication. Check battery. (If the instrument fails to lock
with a fully charged battery, call your Anritsu Service Center.)
Indicates the remaining charge on the battery. The inner white rectangle
grows longer as the battery charge depletes.
6
Indicates internal data processing.
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Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
Self Test
At turn-on, the Anritsu Spectrum Master runs through a series of quick checks to ensure the
system is functioning properly. Note that the battery voltage and temperature are displayed
in the lower left corner below the self test message. If the battery is low, or if the ambient
temperature is not within the specified operational range, Self Test will fail. If Self Test
fails and the battery is fully charged and the Anritsu Spectrum Master is within the specified operating temperature range, call your Anritsu Service Center.
During operation, the self test can be executed by pressing the SYS key and selecting the
Self Test soft key. The resulting display (Figure 2-21, page 2-31) provides current status or
pass/fail test information on the following:
l
Ambient Temperature
l
Memory Test
l
Real Time Clock Battery Voltage
l
Battery or External Voltage
l
Battery Calibration Test
l
Battery Charge State (percentage of charge remaining)
l
VNA Phase Lock Loop Test (Option 21 only)
l
VNA Integrator Test (Option 21 only)
l
Spectrum Analyzer Local Oscillator Test
Press the ESCAPE key to return to normal operation.
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Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
Error Messages
Self Test Errors
A listing of Self Test Error messages is given in Table 2-2.
Table 2-2. Self Test Error Messages
Error Message
Description
Battery Low
Battery voltage is less than 9.5 volts. Charge battery. If condition persists, call your Anritsu Service Center.
External Power Low
External supply voltage is less than 10 volts. Call your Anritsu Service
Center
PLL Failed
Phase-locked loops failed to lock. Charge battery. If condition persists
with a fully charged battery, call your Anritsu Service Center
EEPROM R/W Failed
Non-volatile memory system has failed. Call your Anritsu Service Center.
Out Of Temp. Range
Ambient temperature is not within the specified operating range. If the
temperature is within the specified operating range and the condition
persists, call your Anritsu Service Center.
RTC Battery Low
The internal real-time clock battery is low. A low or drained clock battery will affect the date stamp on saved traces. Contact your nearest
Anritsu Service Center.
LO Lock Fail
The local oscillator in the spectrum analyzer has phase lock loop errors.
If condition persists with a fully charged battery, call your Anritsu Service Center.
Battery Cal Lost
Battery communication failed. The indicated battery charge status may
be invalid. If condition persists, call your Anritsu Service Center.
Memory Fail
The EEPROM test on the Spectrum Master main board has failed. If
condition persists, call your Anritsu Service Center.
The time and date
Have not been set on
this Spectrum Master.
To set it, after exiting
here press
the <SYS> [Clock]
keys.
Press ENTER or ESC
to continue
The time and date are not properly set in the Spectrum Master. If condition persists, call your Anritsu Service Center.
Note: A listing of Anritsu Service Centers is provided on page 1-12.
2-35
Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
Operation Error Messages
The following tables list possible error messages that could occur during operation of the
Spectrum Master.
Table 2-3.
Operation Error Messages
Error Message
Description
No Stored Sweep at
This Location
Attempting to recall a display from a location that has not been previously written to or that contains invalid sweep data.
Use Options Menu to
Select A Printer
Attempting to print a display with no printer selected. Select a printer,
(see Printer, page 2-27) then retry.
Antenna Saved With
The Setup Could Not
Be Found! Please
Reselect The Antenna
To Make A Field
Strength Measurement.
The setup was saved with the name of an antenna that is no longer
present in that unit. Select another antenna name, or use the Handheld
Software Tools program to reload the antenna.
Limit Segment Requires Start Freq <=
End Freq
A limit segment must have a starting frequency less than or equal to the
ending frequency. Edit the segment again to change the endpoint settings.
Limit Segments Cannot Overlap Press
On/Off To Disable
Limit Press Edit To
Change Endpts
Two or more limit segments are defined such that their endpoints overlap. An upper limit segment and a lower limit segment may have overlapping frequency ranges. Two upper limit segments or two lower limit
segments cannot overlap.
Vertical Limit Segments Are Not Allowed
A limit segment has been defined where the start and end frequencies
are identical, but the limit values are different. This creates a vertical
limit segment.
Trace Math Requires
Units To Be dBm
For trace math to be performed, change the units to dBm.
Frequency Range Of
Stored Sweep Does
Not Match Current
Frequency Range
The start and stop or center and span frequencies of two traces must
be the same for one trace to be overlaid on the other.
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Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
Spectrum Analyzer Error Messages
A listing of Spectrum Analyzer Error Messages is provided in Table 2-4
Table 2-4.
Spectrum Analyzer Error Messages
Error Message
Description
OVER LOAD
Decrease Input Power
This error message is displayed when there is too much input power.
OVER RANGE!
Increase Attenuation
The ADC is over range.
Mixer Saturation!
Increase Atten
The Mixer has saturated.
Ext Ref Not Locked
This error is displayed when a signal is present at the external reference port, but is not locked to the specified frequency.
External reference unavailable Using internal reference.
This error is displayed when there is no signal detected at the External
Reference port.
Must be in Zero Span
to perform this operation
This error is displayed when the user attempts to change the following
parameters when not in zero span:
Change Trigger Position – (BW/SWEEP/Trigger)
Video – (BW/SWEEP/Trigger)
Cannot Perform Operation in Zero Span
This error is displayed when the user tries to tries to do field strength,
occupied bandwidth, channel power and adjacent channel power measurements when in Zero Span.
Xref N MHz
The internal reference is locked to an N MHz external clock.
Min RBW for Zero
Span is 30 kHz. RBW
has been adjusted.
The RBW in Zero Span mode must be at least 30 kHz. If it is not, it will
automatically be adjusted to 30 kHz and this message will be displayed.
Over Power Condition! Remove signals
connected to RF In
port and re-enter
Spectrum Analyzer
mode.
This error message is displayed when the spectrum analyzer mode
cannot be properly calibrated due to too much signal power. The input
signal must be removed, and the mode re-entered in order to calibrate
the unit.
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Chapter 2 Quick Start Guide
High Accuracy Power Meter (Option 19) Error Messages
The following error messages could be displayed on the Site Master when using the High
Accuracy Power Meter mode with Power Sensor PSN50. If any error condition persists,
contact your local Anritsu Service Center.
Table 2-5.
Option 19 Error Messages
Error Message
Description
Warning! Power
Supply Error
Verify that the supply is connected properly.
Warning! RF Power
Level is too high
The specified upper measurement range is +20 dBm. Do not exceed
the specification.
Warning! Sensor
not zeroed properly.
Zero sensor again
The sensor must be zeroed with nothing connected to it.
Warning! Specified
temperature range (0
to 50°C) exceeded
The PSN50 sensor temperature range is 0 to 50°C.
Warning! Temperature has changed.
Zero sensor again
The temperature changed more than the allowable limit after the sensor was zeroed.
2-38
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