WineMate | WM-2500SSR | Guide | Use and Care Manual

Use and Care Manual
www.winemate.com
Rack Split Cooling System
Installation, Operation & Care Manual
WM-2500SSR WM-4500SSR WM-6500SSR
www.vinotemp.com
Read and save these instructions
Important Safety Information
WARNING:
• Do not use a ground fault interrupter (GFI).
• A dedicated 20 AMP circuit for WM-2500~4500SSR and 30 AMP for WM6500SSR are required.
-1-
Table of Contents
Cellar Construction.…………………………….……………..3
Features & Specifications…………………….….…………..4
Temperature & Humidity……….…………..………..……….6
Care Guide…………………………………………………….10
User’ Troubleshooting…….………………………………...11
Installer’s Instructions………….…..….……..…………….15
Electrical Wirings..…………….…..….……..………………26
Customer Support……………………………………………29
Warranty……………………………………………………….30
-2-
Cellar Construction
This is only a guide and shall be considered as minimum requirements.
All interior walls and floors shall have a vapor barrier and a minimum of R13
insulation. All exterior walls and ceiling shall have a vapor barrier and a minimum
of R19 insulation. The vapor barrier shall be installed on the warm side of the
insulation. All joints, door frames, electrical outlets or switches and any pipes or
vents that go through the cellar shall be sealed to prevent air and moisture
leakage into the cellar. Concrete, rock, and brick are not insulation or vapor
barriers.
Doors shall be of a minimum size, insulated to at least R13 and tightly sealed
with high quality weather stripping. Be sure to seal the bottom of the door and fill
gap between the door’s frame and wall before installing the cap molding.
In order to maintain 55 °F in the wine cellar, the ambient temperature
surrounding the enclosure shall not exceed the temperature of the cellar by more
than 25 °F. No cellar wall shall receive direct sun or strong wind.
Lighting shall be of low wattage, with a timer to insure lights are not left on when
the cellar is not occupied.
The cooling system will not be able to maintain the proper temperature if fresh
moisture-laden air is constantly being introduced to the cellar. Symptoms of this
condition are; cooling unit runs all the time with only a slight reduction in
temperature and/or water overflows from the unit. Because of the temperature
difference between the inside and outside, very small cracks can allow large
amounts of outside air to enter into the cellar. Please be aware that moisture can
pass through solid concrete, paint and wood. Often a newly constructed cellar
contains fresh wood, paint, concrete and other building materials. These
materials contain large amounts of moisture. When placed into operation in this
type of environment, the system will work harder to remove this extra moisture
resulting in increased “run” time.
-3-
Features and Specifications
•
•
•
•
•
•
Wine-Mate rack split cooling systems WM-2500~6500SSR are designed and
used to provide a cold temperature between 50~65 °F for a properly insulated
wine cellar.
The wine cellar will maintain humidity range within 50~70% RH.
These temperature and humidity ranges like in natural caves are optimized
for long term storage of wine.
SSR units consist of a condensing unit and an evaporator unit; they are
connected by a liquid line and an insulated suction line.
SSR condensing units can be located away from the wine cellars 50 ft so that
noise and compressor vibration are isolated.
SSR evaporator units are designed for installation inside a rack or between
two ceiling joists, making them an ideal choice for small and medium wine
cellars. There are also multiple air inlet and outlet doors for different
installations.
Fig. 1 SSR Rack Split Cooling System
NOTE:
Capacity is determined under the cellar, the cellar ambient and the
condensing unit ambient temperatures of 55°F, 75°F and 90°F, with R13
interior and R19 exterior insulations. Any higher ambient temperatures,
lower insulations will cause reducing capacity and the cellar temperature
may not be maintained at 55°F.
CAUTION:
If the installation area will be below 50°F, purchase a low ambient condition
kit.
-4-
NOTE:
To prepare rough-in, leave minimum 4” clearances for electrical wiring and
refrigeration piping.
The specifications and dimensions are listed as follows:
Model No
WM2500SSR
WM4500SSR
WM6500SSR
Evap Unit
L”xD”xH”
WM-25SFCR
32x11.125
x11.375
WM-45SFCR
38x11.125
x14.375
WM-65SFCR
38x11.125
x14.375
Cond Unit
L”xD”xH”
Btu/h
CFM
Cellar Size
(cu ft)
Refrigerant
Electrical
Evap Unit/
Cond Unit
Weight (lb)
Evap Unit/
Cond Unit
WM-250SCU
18x14x12
2500
220
250
R134a
115V-60HZ-0.77A
115V-60HZ-5.7A
25/40
WM-450SCU
18x14x12
4500
335
1000
R134a
115V-60HZ-0.77A
115V-60HZ-6.9A
35/60
WM-650SCU
24x18x18
6500
420
1500
R134a
115V-60HZ-1.9A
115V-60HZ-12A
45/60
Also see Fig. 3, 4 & 5 for further info.
-5-
Temperature and Humidity
1. The controller
Fig. 2 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
1) Keys
SET: To display set-point; in programming mode it selects a parameter or
confirms an operation.
: To start a manual defrost.
: To see the maximum stored temperature; in programming mode it browses
the parameter codes or increases the displayed value.
: To see the minimum stored temperature; in programming mode it browses
the parameter codes or decreases the displayed value.
: To turn on/off the power to the unit.
+ : To lock/unlock the keypad.
SET+ : To enter in the programming mode.
SET+ : To return to the temperature display.
2) Lock and unlock the keys
To lock the keys, press up + down keys + until POF is displayed; to unlock
the keys, press up + down keys + until PON is displayed.
3) Display
During normal operating conditions, the display shows the value measured by
the air temperature probe. In case of active alarm, the temperature flashes
alternately to the code alarm. The LED functions are listed as follows.
LED
MODE
ON
Flashing
ON
ON
Flashing
ON
ON
Flashing
FUNCTION
Compressor enabled
Anti-short cycle enabled
Defrost cycle enabled
Fan enabled
Fan delay after defrost enabled
Alarm occurring
Temperature measuring unit
Programming mode
-6-
4) Alarm Signals
The alarm codes are described as follows.
MESSAGE
P1
CAUSE
Temperature probe faulty
HA
High temperature alarm
LA
Low temperature alarm
CA
External alarm
FUNCTION
Compressor switching to Con and CoF
Probe temperature ALU higher than the
setting temperature; Outputs unchanged
Probe temperature ALL lower than the
setting temperature; Outputs unchanged
All outputs off
Probe alarms P1”, start a few seconds after the fault in the related probe; they
automatically stop a few seconds after the probe restarts normal operation.
Check connections before replacing the probe. Temperature alarms “HA”, “LA”
automatically stops as soon as the temperature returns to normal value. Alarm
“CA” (with i1F=PAL) recovers only by switching off and on the instrument.
2. Temperature Setting
•
•
•
Set the temperature at 55 °F for the optimum aging of wine
On initial start-up, the time required to reach the desired temperature will
vary, depending on the quantity of bottles, temperature setting and
surrounding temperature.
Allow 24 hours to stabilize the temperature for each new temperature setting
operation
3. How to see temperature set-point
1) Press and immediately release the SET key, the display will show the set-point
value.
2) Press again and immediately release the SET key to display the probe value.
4. How to change the set-point
1) Press and hold the SET key until the “°C” or “°F” LED starts flashing and the
set-point is displayed.
2) Press the up/down keys /
to change the set-point value within 10 sec.
3) Press the SET key again to store the new set-point value.
NOTE: The unit turns on at set-point Set plus regulation differential Hy after antishort cycle AC has elapsed; the unit turns off at set-point Set.
5. Manual Defrost
Press and hold the defrost
on.
key until defrost starts. The defrost indicator will be
-7-
6. Parameter Programming
1) Press and hold the SET + keys until the “°C” or “°F” LED starts flashing,
then release the keys.
2) Press and hold again the SET + keys until the Pr2 label is displayed, then
release the keys. The first parameter Hy will be displayed.
3) Press up/down keys / to scroll to the required parameter within 10 sec.
4) Press the “SET” key to display its value.
5) Use up/down keys
to change its value within 10 sec.
6) Press “SET” to store the new value and the display will flash 3 times.
7) To exit: Press SET +
or wait 15sec without pressing a key.
PARAMETER
Set
Hy
AC
Con
CoF
CF
rES
dLy
ot
LS
US
idF
MdF
ALC
ALU
ALL
AFH
ALd
dAO
SAA
SHy
FSU
FnC
Fon
FoF
DESCRIPTION
set-point (°)
temperature regulation differential (°)
anti-short cycle delay (min)
compress on with probe faulty (min)
compress off with probe faulty (min)
temperature unit (°F/ °C)
display resolution
temperature display delay (min)
probe calibration (°)
minimum set-point (°)
maximum set-point (°)
defrost cycle interval time (hour)
defrost cycle endurance time (min)
temperature alarm type
high temperature alarm (°)
low temperature alarm (°)
alarm recovery differential (°)
temperature alarm delay (min)
temperature alarm delay on startup (hr)
heater set-point (°)
heater regulation differential (°)
fan action
fan operating mode
fan on with compressor off (min)
fan off with compressor off (min)
DEFAULT VALUE
55
4
10
15
30
F: Fahrenheit
in: integer
1
0
50
65
12
30
rE: relative to set-point
10
10
5
60
23
40
4
Std
C-n: on with compressor & off during defrost
0
15
NOTE: Depending on the controller, not all parameters are used.
7. How to calibrate the air probe
If the actual cellar temperature differs from the setting temperature, set
parameter ot = actual cellar temperature minus set-point.
8. How to adjust defrost cycle
-8-
In case there is excessive frost, the parameters FnC = C-y, idF = 4 and MdF =
20 can be used to avoid frost.
9. How to adjust the humidity
The parameter Fon is used to adjust the humidity in the wine cellar. Higher Fon
results in higher relative humidity. Use a separate hygrometer to monitor the
humidity.
10. How to set alarm call
1) Speech notice will be sent to your phones when the cellar temperature is ALU
higher or ALL lower than the set-point Set.
2) In order to test the call function, set parameters Ald = 0 and dAO = 0. After
testing, set Ald = 60 and dAO = 23.
11. How to set low cellar temperature heater
The heater turns on at SAA minus Shy; the heater turns off at SAA.
NOTES:
• Use a forced air heater to warm up the wine cellar.
• If there is a thermostat on the heater, bypass it or set the thermostat at the
highest level.
If the heater runs more than 10 A current, use a 120VAC coil contactor.
-9-
Care Guide
In general, always unplug system or disconnect power while doing care.
1. Coil Cleaning
•
•
Clean the condenser coil regularly. Coil may need to be cleaned at least
every 6 months.
Use a vacuum cleaner with an extended attachment to clean the coil when it
is dusty or dirty.
2. Condensate Removing
•
Remove the excessive condensate if it is accumulated in the wine cellar at
high humidity conditions.
- 10 -
User’s Troubleshooting
This Troubleshooting Chart is not prepared to replace the training required for a
professional refrigeration service person, not is it comprehensive.
Complaint
1. Unit not
running
2. Unit not
starting , but
temperature
rising high
3. Temperature
fluctuating
4. Temperature
high, unit
stopping
and starting
normally
5. Temperature
high, unit
stopping
and starting
with short
running time
6. Temperature
Possible Causes
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
a.
Power cord not plugged
No power from supply
Incorrect or loose wirings
Low voltage
Setting higher than ambient
temperature
Waiting for cut-in
Defrost light blinking
Compressor light blinking
Defective controller
Anti-short cycle
a. Air probe
a. Temperature setting high
Response
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Check power cord
Check receptacle and fuses
Check all wirings and connections
Contact an authorized electrician
Lower temperature setting
f.
g.
h.
i.
a.
Wait
Unit is under defrost mode
Unit is under anti-short cycle delay
Call service for diagnosis
Reset AC
a. When using an air probe, the wine
bottle
temperature
is
mainly
controlled by the average air
temperature. If the set-point is 55°F
with the differential 4F, the cooling
unit turns on at 59°F of air
temperature (It may be higher than
59°F if it is in anti-short cycle or
defrost cycle) and turns off at 55°F
of air temperature. The average air
temperature is 57°F, and then the
wine temperature is around 57+/0.5°F. The air is light enough to
change so quickly that it maintains
relatively
constant
average
temperature that would prevent wine
bottle temperature from fluctuating.
a. Lower the setting
a. Air
probe
touching
the
evaporator
coil,
displaying
temperature ok
b. Air probe in cold-air supply,
displaying temperature ok
c. Failed controller and probe
a. Move the air probe away from the
evaporator
a. Improper cellar insulation & seal
a. Check insulation, gasket and door
opening
- 11 -
b. Move the air probe away from the
cold-air supply
c. Call service for diagnosis
high or not
cooling and
running
continually
b. Cellar too large
c. Ambient temperature too high
d. Exhaust restricted
e. Malfunctioning fans
7. Unit running
too long
f.
Evaporator or condenser airflow
g.
h.
i.
j.
k.
l.
Dirty Condenser
Iced evaporator
Refrigeration system restriction
Refrigerant leak
Undercharge or overcharge
Failed components
a. Improper cellar insulation & seal
b. Exhaust restricted
c.
d.
e.
f.
8. Condenser
fan running
but
compressor
not running
9. Compressor
running but
condenser
fan not
running
10.Temperature
high,
compressor
stopping
and starting
but very
short
running time
11.Evaporator
fan running
too long
12. Evaporator
Cellar too large
Ambient temperature > 90°F
Dirty Condenser
Improper condenser air flow
a. Incorrect or loose wirings
b. Failed components
c.
Liquid
refrigerant
compressor
in
a.
b.
c.
d.
Fan blade stuck
Incorrect or loose wirings
Failed motors
Fan cycle control
the
a. Failed components
b.
c.
d.
e.
Improper condenser airflow
Dirty condenser
Overcharge of refrigerant
Discharge or suction pressure
too high
a. Post-compressor fan running
mode for humidity modulation
a. Incorrect or loose wirings
- 12 -
b. Check for excessive size
c. Check installation location
d. Leave minimum 3 feet clearance for
the hot air exhaust side and leave
minimum 1 foot clearance for the
ambient air intake side
e. Check for both evaporator and
condenser fans
f. Check for air restrictions, air shortcirculation, grille directions
g. Clean condenser
h. Defrost and reset temperature
i. Call service
j. Call service
k. Call service
l. Check compressor windings, start
relay and overload protector
a. Check insulation, gasket and door
opening
b. Leave minimum 3 feet clearance for
the hot air exhaust side and leave
minimum 1 foot clearance for the
ambient air intake side
c. Check for excessive size
d. Check for installation location
e. Clean condenser
f. Check for fan and air short
circulation
a. Check all wirings and connections
b. Check start relay, start capacitor,
overload protector, compressor.
c. Call service.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Check for proper clearance
Check all wirings
Call service
Check for setting
a. Check compressor windings, start
relay and overload protector.
b. Check for condenser fan
c. Clean condenser
d. Call service for removing refrigerant
e. Call service for information
a. Reset FON
a. Check all wirings and connections
fan running
but
condensing
unit not
running
13.Temperature
low
b. Failed components
c.
b. Check start relay, start capacitor,
overload protector, compressor.
c. Call service
Low refrigerant
a. Low temperature setting
b. Low ambient temperature
c. Air probe fault
d. Temperature controller fault
a. Raise the setting
b. Move to another location
c. Check probe connections or change
a new one
d. Change a new one
a. Check for fans and CFM
b. Check for fans and CFM
c. Check for seal, door opening,
ambient
temperature
and
temperature setting
d. Check for controller and probe
e. Change defrost cycle
f. Call service
16.Excessive
condensate
in wine
cellar
a. Evaporator air flow restriction
b. Condenser air flow restriction
c. Not stopping due to air leak, high
ambient temperature or low
temperature setting
d. Defective controller or probe
e. Low ambient temperature
f. Initially working then stopping,
moisture in the system
g. Refrigerant low or leaking
h. Expansion valve blockage
a. Air leak in the wine cellar causing
excessive condensate
b. High humidity causing excessive
condensate
c. Evaporator air flow restriction
d. Drain restricted or unit not level,
and water overflowing
e. Drip tray leak (No overflow but
water leak)
a. Air leak in the wine cellar causing
excessive condensate
b. High humidity causing excessive
condensate
c. Drain restricted
17.Condensate
inside ducts
a. Drain line restricted
b. Continually running not stopping
a. Check for drain
b. raise
temperature
setting
or
increase defrost cycle
c. Increase
air
flow
or
raise
temperature setting
a. Check for insulation
b. Use dehumidifier
c. Increase
air
flow
or
raise
temperature setting
a. Check for proper fuse or breaker
b. Check for wirings and connections
c. Call service
a. Add support to improve installation
b. Check fan blades, bearings,
washers, tubing contact and loose
screws.
c. Check for airflow
14.Evaporator
freezing up
15.Water leak
c.
Too cold supply air
18.Condensate
outside
ducts
a. Duct not insulated
b. High humidity
c. Too cold supply air
19.Circuit
tripping
a.
b.
c.
a.
b.
Incorrect fuse or breaker
Incorrect wirings
Failed components
Mounting area not firm
Loose parts
c.
Compressor overloaded due to
20.Noisy
operation
- 13 -
g. Call service
h. Call service
a. Check for air leak
b. Use drain line
c. Check supply air flow or air TD
d. Clean the drip tray and drain line
e. Seal the leak using silicone sealant
a. Check for any air leak
b. Use drain line
c. Clean the drip tray and drain line
high ambient temperatures or
airflow restriction
d. Defective components
- 14 -
d. Call service for checking internal
loose, inadequate lubrication and
incorrect wirings
Installer’s Instructions
Federal law requires that WINE-MATE split cooling systems be
installed by an EPA certified refrigeration technician.
1. General Instructions
WINE-MATE split system is shipped as components and is ready for use only
after a certified refrigeration technician has properly installed the system. Proper
installation is critical. Vinotemp can only warrant the quality of the components.
The installation and proper operation of the system must be warranted by the
installer. Installation of the system must be done in accordance with all state and
local building and electrical codes.
The condensing unit and evaporator unit are connected by a liquid line and an
insulated suction line that are supplied by the installer. These lines must be
properly sized for the distance between the two units. After the units and lines
are connected, the system must be checked for restriction, pressurization and
leak. Then the system must be evacuate and charged with refrigerant.
Refrigerant amount will vary depending on the length of line set.
Parts included:
Evaporator Unit (liquid line solenoid valve and expansion valve installed)
Condensing Unit (discharge and suction valves installed)
Liquid Filter
Liquid Indicator
Temperature Controller (4.5”LX4.5”WX3.75”D) + Air Probe
Parts not included:
Liquid line copper tubing
Suction line copper tubing
- 15 -
CAUTION:
Liquid and suction line locations may differ from what are shown here,
please check on the units for proper installation.
Fig. 3 WM-25~65SFCR Evaporator Unit
- 16 -
Fig. 4 WM-250~450SCU Condensing Unit
Fig. 5 WM-650SCU Condensing Unit
- 17 -
Fig. 6 Liquid Filter
Fig.7 Liquid Indicator
Fig. 8 Temperature Controller (4.25”L X 3.75D X 4.25”H)
2. Temperature Controller and Air Probe Installation
1) The temperature controller can be mounted either inside or outside the wine
cellar, but the air probe must be located inside the wine cellar.
2) The air probe shall be located in the wine cellar 5 ft above the floor or the air
return area, but it shall not be located in the air supply area or other areas
where air is not circulated.
3) Air probe can be pulled out of the temperature controller around 5 ft; if
additional wires are needed, 18 gauge wires may be used to extend the air
probe.
3. Evaporator Unit Installation
1) The WM-25~65SFCR evaporator units shall be installed for rack or joist
mount with the supply air on the left front, top or side and return air on the
right front, top or side.
2) Air supply shall be unobstructed minimum 12” for a direct blow installation;
leave 2” clearance for a deflector installation; air return shall be unobstructed
minimum 6”.
3) A grille can be used to cover the supply and return with 0~2” clearance; or 2-3
ft long duct can be added.
4) There is a gravity drain system used, so the unit shall be installed level or with
a slight slope downward the drain connection and the drain line shall be
- 18 -
installed slope down toward the drain. If rise-up is needed, a condensation
pump must be used.
4. Condensing Unit Installation
CAUTION:
Low ambient condition kit is required if the installation area will be below
50°F. If the condensing unit is equipped with a low ambient condition kit,
do not turn on the compressor until the condensing unit has been powered
for minimum 12 hours.
1) Place the condensing units WM-250~650SCU in a properly ventilated
location. If it is not, heat exhausted by the condensing unit will build up and
the cooling system will not operate properly.
2) Condensing unit shall be elevated to avoid possible
flooding and shaded from direct sun. It shall not be
exposed to temperatures higher than 110 °F or lower
than 50 °F.
3) Leave minimum 5 ft clearance for the exhaust side and
leave minimum 1 foot clearance for the ambient air
intake side.
4) Service valve operations
1 - Process or Manometer
2 – Receiver Discharge or Compressor Suction
3 – Liquid Line or Suction Line
4 - Pressure Control
Back Position: Normal operation after installation is complete, process or
manometer port is closed.
Front Position: Storage or shipping operation, liquid or suction line connection
is closed.
Middle Position: Installation operation, all ports are open for evacuation, charge
and manometer.
BACK POSITION
FRONT POSITION
Fig. 9 ROTALOCK Valve Operation
- 19 -
MIDDLE POSITION
BACK POSITION
FRONT POSITION
MIDDLE POSITION
Fig. 10Base Valve Operation
5. Checking Pressure Control Settings
1) Use of the adjustable pressure control (if applicable for pump-down)
Suction pressure setting: Cut out=5 psig; Cut in=25 psig; Differential=20 psig
Head pressure setting: Cut out=230 psig; Cut in=150 psig; Differential=80 psig
It may need to adjust the setting in the field to get the right cycle time.
A. P70 Single/Dual Control
B. PS2 Dual Control
Fig. 11 Adjustable Pressure Control
- 20 -
2) Use of the encapsulated pressure control (if applicable)
Fixed suction pressure setting: Cut in = 32 psig; Cut out = 10 psig
Fig. 12 Fixed Pressure Control
3) Low ambient condition kit (if applicable)
A. Use of the condenser fan control
Head pressure setting: Cut in=170 psig; Cut out=110 psig; Differential=60 psig
It closes on rise of pressure. It may need to adjust the setting in the field to avoid
fan short cycle.
Fig. 13 Condenser Fan Cycle Control
B. Use of the crankcase heater
The crankcase heater is installed around the lower part of the compressor and
shall be turned on all the time. The heater is self-regulated.
6. Refrigeration Piping and Leak Testing
NOTES:
- 21 -
•
•
•
The line connection sizes of liquid filter & indicator, the valve
connection sizes of condensing unit and the line connection sizes of
evaporator unit are not necessary the same as the listed refrigeration
line sizes.
If the condensing unit is installed above the evaporator unit, use the
suction line one listed size smaller.
Expansion and solenoid valves have been installed on the liquid line in
the evaporator.
1) The installation order starts from condensing unit (including receiver and
discharge valve), liquid line filter-drier, moisture-liquid indicator, liquid line, to
evaporator unit (including liquid line connection, solenoid valve, expansion
valve, and suction line connection), returning to insulated suction line, suction
valve and then back to condensing unit.
2) If the condensing unit is located below the evaporator unit, use inverted U
trap to prevent liquid from flooding back to the compressor; if the elevation
difference is more than 10 ft or the line set exceeds 75 ft, use both inverted U
trap and suction accumulator.
3) If the condensing unit is located more than 10 ft above the evaporator unit,
use U trap to aid oil returning to the compressor.
4) Complete pipe brazing, check solenoid valve and expansion valve restrictions
and test leak.
5) Hook up the drain line and check if water drains.
Model No
WM-2500SSR
WM-4500SSR
WM-6500SSR
Equivalent
Line Set
<= 75 FT
<= 75 FT
<= 75 FT
Liquid
Line
1/4" OD
1/4" OD
1/4" OD
Suction
Line
3/8” OD
1/2” OD
1/2” OD
Drain Line
7/8” OD
7/8” OD
7/8” OD
Recommended
Charge
R134a/19 OZ
R134a/26 OZ
R134a/32 OZ
7. Connecting Electrical Wires
Connect all electrical components using the wiring diagrams in accordance with
all state and local codes.
8. Evacuating, Charging and Starting the system
CAUTION:
• Always use the superheat and subcooling, pressure readings to charge
refrigerant properly; the listed charge amounts are used for reference
only.
• If the unit is equipped with a low ambient condition kit and installed in
the summer, charge 15% more refrigerant.
• If the low ambient condition kit is used, turn off the compressor before
power the condensing unit. Only turn on the compressor after the
condensing unit has been powered for 12 hours.
- 22 -
1) Evacuate the system; both discharge and suction valves must be in the
middle positions during evacuating.
2) Charge the system through both suction and discharge valves with refrigerant
using the recommended initial amount; both discharge and suction valves
must be in the middle positions during charging.
3) Turn on the power to start the system and check the following temperatures
and pressures.
9. Adjusting and Completing the Installation
1) It may use a fan speed control to adjust the air flow to achieve the specified
CFM. The fan will run from the minimum speed to full speed with the control
knob at the lowest and highest speed position. To adjust the minimum speed,
turn control knob to the lowest speed position, then rotate the setting (located
on the side or front) clockwise to decrease the minimum speed or counterclockwise to increase the minimum speed. The minimum speed should be
adjusted until it supplies the required CFM.
Fig. 14 Fan Speed Control
2) The subcooling at the condensing unit shall be around 10°F. The charge may
be complete when there are no more bubbles forming in the liquid indicator.
3) Head pressure range: 120 ~ 150 psig at 70 ~ 90 °F condensing unit ambient
temperature.
4) The evaporator’s constant pressure expansion valve is set around 30 ~ 35
psig (35 ~ 40°F) at factory. This pressure setting gives a dew point to
maintain the proper humidity for storing wine.
5) The temperature split across the evaporator shall be 8 ~ 10°F at 55°F wine
cellar temperature.
6) Again, you must verify if the superheat at the evaporator unit is around 9 ~
18°F at 55 °F ~ high wine cellar temperatures.
7) If the superheat is high, check the subcooling first to know if the refrigerant
charge is sufficient. If the charge is not sufficient, add more refrigerant. If the
charge is good, then increase the evaporator suction pressure by turning the
hex nut (5/16”) clockwise. Liquid must always be charged into the hide side
when the compressor runs.
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8) If the superheat is low, then decrease the evaporator suction pressure by
turning the hex nut (5/16”) counter-clockwise.
9) Both discharge and suction valves must be in the back positions before
disconnecting.
10) Close all service valves and disconnect all manifolds and hoses.
Fig. 15 Expansion Valve
10. Pressure, Superheat and Subcooling Readings
CAUTION:
To read properly the service valves must be in the middle positions.
Complaint
1) High suction pressure and low head pressure
Zero superheat and zero subcooling
2) High suction pressure and low head pressure
Low superheat and low subcooling
3) High suction pressure and high head pressure
Low superheat and high subcooling
4) High to normal suction pressure and high head
pressure
Low subcooling
5) High suction pressure and high head pressure
Low superheat and low subcooling
6) High suction pressure and high head pressure
High superheat
7) Low suction pressure and low head pressure
High superheat and low subcooling
8) Low suction pressure and low to normal head
pressure
High superheat and high subcooling
9) Low suction pressure and low head pressure
Normal to high superheat and low subcooling
10) Low suction pressure and low head pressure
Low superheat and low subcooling
11) Low suction pressure and low to normal head
pressure
High superheat and normal to high subcooling
12) Low suction pressure and normal head pressure
- 24 -
Possible Causes
1) Compressor may be bad
2) Expansion valve
much oil
3) Overcharge
opened,
too
4) Non-condensable gas
5) Air restricted, dirty condenser,
bad condenser fans
6) High cellar temperature, high
evaporator load
7) Undercharge
8) Liquid
line
restricted
after
receiver, solenoid valve restricted
9) Suction line restricted
10) Air restricted at evaporator,
evaporator iced
11) Evaporator restricted
12) Expansion valve restricted
High superheat and normal subcooling
13) Low suction pressure and high head pressure
High superheat and high subcooling
14) Low suction pressure and high head pressure
High superheat and high subcooling
15) low to normal suction pressure and high head
pressure
Normal to high superheat and high subcooling
13) Both evaporator and condenser
restricted; liquid and suction lines
connected wrong
14) Liquid line restricted before
receiver
15) Condenser restricted
11. Condensing Unit Troubleshooting
Unit not running
1) Incorrect power supply
2) Incorrect or loose wirings
3) Failed components
4) Low pressure switch shutting down the
system
5) high pressure switch shutting down the
system
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1) Check for proper voltage
2) Check all wirings and connections
3) Check start relay, start capacitor,
overload protector, compressor.
4) Check for system restriction or low
refrigerant
5) Check for the condenser fan
Electrical Wiring Diagrams
CAUTION:
• Hidden lines are the field wirings
• Use minimum 14 gauge wires for power lines.
• If equipped with low ambient condition kit, use low ambient temperature
wiring diagrams.
• A safety switch is always recommended for the condensing unit.
Fig. 16 WM-2500~4500SSR Wiring Diagram
- 26 -
Fig. 17 WM-6500SSR Electrical Wiring Diagram
Fig. 18 Low Ambient Temperature
WM-2500~4500SSR-LA Electrical Wiring Diagram
- 27 -
Fig. 19 Low Ambient Temperature
WM-6500SSR-LA Electrical Wiring Diagram
- 28 -
Customer Support
If you need further assistance, please contact us at:
Vinotemp International
17631 South Susana Road
Rancho Dominguez, CA 90221
Tel: (310) 886-3332
Fax: (310) 886-3310
Email: info@vinotemp.com
- 29 -
Warranty
Thank you for choosing a Vinotemp cooling unit.
Please enter the complete model and serial numbers in the space provided:
Model_________________________________________________________
Serial No.______________________________________________________
Attach your purchase receipt to this owner’s manual.
1. Limited Warranty
VINOTEMP warrants its products, parts only, to be free from defects due to
workmanship or materials under normal use and service for twelve months after
the initial sale. If the product is defective due to workmanship or materials, is
removed within twelve months of the initial sale and is returned to VINOTEMP, in
the original shipping carton, shipping prepaid, VINOTEMP will at its option, repair
or replace the product free of charge.
This warranty constitutes the entire warranty of the VINOTEMP with respect to its
products and is in lieu of all other warranties, express or implied, including any of
fitness for a particular purpose. In no event shall VINOTEMP be responsible for
any consequential damages what is so ever. Any modification of VINOTEMP
products shall void this warranty.
Service under Warranty
This service is provided to customers within the continental UNITED STATES
only. VINOTEMP cooling units are warranted to produce the stated number of
BTU/H. While every effort has been made to provide accurate guidelines,
VINOTEMP can not warranty its units to cool a particular enclosure.
In case of failure, VINOTEMP cooling units must be repaired by the factory or its
authorized agent. Repairs or modifications made by anyone else will void the
warranty.
Shall a VINOTEMP cooling unit fail, contact the dealer for instructions, do not
return the unit to the factory without authorization from VINOTEMP. If the unit
requires repair, re-pack it in the original shipping carton and return it to the
factory, shipping prepaid. VINOTEMP will not accept COD shipments. If the unit
is determined to be faulty and is within the twelve month warranty period
- 30 -
VINOTEMP will, at its discretion, repair or replace the unit and return it free of
charge to the original retail customer. If the unit is found to be in good working
order, or beyond the initial twelve month period, it will be returned freight collect.
2. Limitation of Implied Warranty
VINOTEMP’S SOLE LIABILITY FOR ANY DEFECTIVE PRODUCT IS LIMITED
TO, AT OUR OPTION, REPAIRING OR REPLACING OF UNIT.
VINOTEMP SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR:
DAMAGE TO OTHER PROPERTY CAUSED BY ANY DEFECTS IN THE UNIT,
DAMAGES BASED UPON INCONVENIENCE, LOSS OF USE OF THE UNIT,
LOSS OF TIME OR COMMERCIAL LOSS, ANY OUTER DAMAGES,
WHETHER INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR OTHERWISE.
THIS WARRANTY IS EXCLUSIBE AND IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR INPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED
TO, IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
While great effort has been made to provide accurate guidelines VINOTEMP
cannot warrant its units to properly cool a particular enclosure. Customers are
cautioned that enclosure construction, unit location and many other factors can
affect the operation and performance of the unit. There for suitability of the unit
for a specific enclosure or application must be determined by the customer and
cannot be warranted by VINOTEMP.
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