400/500 (non-waas) series display interfaces

400/500 (non-waas) series display interfaces
400/500 (NON-WAAS)
SERIES DISPLAY
INTERFACES
Pilot’s Guide Addendum
Goodrich STORMSCOPE® WX-500 Series II Weather Mapping Sensor
Goodrich SKYWATCH® Traffic Advisory System (Model SKY497)
Goodrich SKYWATCH® HP Traffic Advisory System (Model SKY899)
Bendix/King® KTA870 TAS/KMH880 Multi-Hazard Awareness System
Ryan TCAD 9900B and 9900BX
COPYRIGHT
This Pilot’s Guide Addendum is written for Garmin 400/500 (non-WAAS) Main System Software Version 5.03 (400 Series)
and 6.03 (500 Series) or above, and is not applicable for earlier software versions.
© Copyright 2007 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. All Rights Reserved.
Garmin International, Inc., 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, KS 66062, U.S.A.
Tel. 913/397.8200 or 800/800.1020
Fax 913/397.8282
Garmin AT, INC., 2345 Turner Road SE, Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
Tel. 503/391.3411
Fax 503/364.2138
Garmin (Europe) Ltd., Liberty House, Bulls Copse Road, Hounsdown Business Park, Southampton SO40 9RB, U.K.
Tel. 44/0870.8501241
Fax 44/0870.8501251
Garmin Corporation, No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
Tel. 886/2.2642.9199
Fax 886/2.2642.9099
Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this addendum may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated,
downloaded or stored in any storage medium, for any purpose without the express prior written consent of Garmin. Garmin
hereby grants permission to download a single copy of this manual and of any revision to this manual onto a hard drive
or other electronic storage medium to be viewed and to print one copy of this manual or of any revision hereto, provided
that such electronic or printed copy of this manual or revision must contain the complete text of this copyright notice and
provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is strictly prohibited.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice. Garmin reserves the right to change or improve its
products and to make changes in the content without obligation to notify any person or organization of such changes or
improvements.
Garmin®is a registered trademark of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries and may not be used without the express
permission of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries.
STORMSCOPE® and SKYWATCH® are registered trademarks of Goodrich Avionics Systems, Inc.
Bendix/King® is a registered trademark of Honeywell International, Inc.
October 2007
190-00140-10 Rev. E
Part Number 190-00140-10 Rev. E
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
Printed in U.S.A.
i
WARNINGS,
CAUTIONS, & NOTES
CAUTION: The Global Positioning System is operated by the United States government, which is solely
responsible for its accuracy and maintenance. The system is subject to changes which could affect the accuracy
and performance of all GPS equipment. Although the Garmin 400/500 Series units are precision electronic
NAVigation AIDS (NAVAID), any NAVAID can be misused or misinterpreted and therefore become unsafe.
CAUTION: Use the 400/500 Series units at your own risk. To reduce the risk of unsafe operation, carefully
review and understand all aspects of the Owner’s Manual and the Flight Manual Supplement, and thoroughly
practice basic operation prior to actual use. When in actual use, carefully compare indications from the unit
with all available navigation sources, including the information from other NAVAIDS, visual sightings, charts,
etc. For safety, always resolve any discrepancies before continuing navigation.
CAUTION: Use the Garmin 400/500 Series units and the Traffic/Weather Interface at your own risk. To reduce
the risk of unsafe operation, thoroughly practice basic operation prior to actual use. When in actual use, carefully
compare indications from the Garmin Series Unit with all available navigation sources, including the information
from other NAVAIDS, visual sightings, charts, etc. For safety, always resolve any discrepancies before continuing
navigation. The altitude calculated by the Garmin 400 Series Unit is the geometric height above mean sea level
and could vary significantly from the altitude displayed by pressure altimeters in the aircraft.
CAUTION: The Jeppesen database incorporated in the Garmin 400/500 Series units must be updated regularly
in order to ensure that its information is current. Updates are released every 28 days. A database information
packet is included in your Garmin 400/500 Series unit package. Pilots using an out-of-date database do so
entirely at their own risk.
CAUTION: The Traffic and Weather information contained in this Pilot’s Guide Addendum is not intended to
replace the documentation that is supplied with the applicable Garmin 400/500 Series unit. The user of the
Traffic and Weather Interface should know how to operate the 400/500 unit and be knowledgeable about the
information in the 400/500 Pilot’s Guide.
ii
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
190-00140-10 Rev. E
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1 INTRODUCTION.................................1-1
SECTION 2 GOODRICH STORMSCOPE
INTERFACE ............................................................2-1
Goodrich STORMSCOPE Description..........................2-1
Power-Up Self-Test ..................................................... 2-1
User-Initiated Test ....................................................... 2-1
Displaying Storm Data on the Map Page .................2-2
Clearing the Map Page ................................................ 2-3
Storm Data Display Range ........................................... 2-3
Panning the Map Page ................................................ 2-4
Weather Page ..............................................................2-4
Weather Page—400 Series ......................................... 2-4
Weather Page—500 Series ......................................... 2-5
Weather Display .......................................................... 2-5
Weather Display Interpretation .................................... 2-6
SECTION 3 SKYWATCH AND BENDIX/KING
INTERFACE ............................................................3-1
SECTION 4 RYAN TCAD INTERFACE ....................4-1
Differences between the Ryan 9900B TCAD and the Ryan
9900BX TCAD ............................................................. 4-1
Ryan TCAD Description ................................................ 4-1
Operator Controls and Basic Displays........................... 4-1
Configuring TCAD Data on the Map Page .................... 4-2
Displaying Thumbnail Traffic onthe Map Page ............... 4-2
Monitoring Traffic ........................................................ 4-3
Highlighting Traffic Data Using Map Panning ............... 4-3
TCAD Setup Page ........................................................ 4-4
Traffic Page Fields........................................................ 4-4
Air Shield .................................................................... 4-6
Traffic Warning Window............................................... 4-6
Threat Acquisition ....................................................... 4-6
Audible and Visible Alerts ............................................ 4-6
Fault Displays .............................................................. 4-6
Limitations .................................................................. 4-6
Introduction ................................................................ 3-1
SKYWATCH Description ............................................... 3-1
Power-up Self-Test....................................................... 3-1
User-initiated Test........................................................ 3-2
Voice Announcements ................................................. 3-2
Switching Between Standby and Operating Modes....... 3-2
Altitude Display Mode ................................................. 3-3
Traffic Page ................................................................. 3-3
Traffic Warning Window............................................... 3-3
Traffic Page Display Range ........................................... 3-4
Configuring Traffic Data on the Map Page .................... 3-4
Highlighting Traffic Data Using Map Panning ............... 3-6
Monitoring Traffic ........................................................ 3-6
Failure Response ......................................................... 3-6
Description of Traffic Advisory Criteria .......................... 3-6
190-00140-10 Rev. E
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
iv
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
190-00140-10 Rev. E
SECTION 1
INTRODUCTION
SECTION 1 INTRODUCTION
The Garmin 400/500 Series units provide the display
interface and control for the following traffic and weather
devices/systems:
• Goodrich STORMSCOPE® WX-500 Series II
Weather Mapping Sensor
• Goodrich SKYWATCH® Traffic Advisory System
(Model SKY497)
• Goodrich SKYWATCH® HP Traffic Advisory
System (Model SKY899)
• Bendix/King® KTA870 TAS/KMH880 MultiHazard Awareness System
• Ryan TCAD 9900B and 9900BX
The interface capability allows traffic and weather data
to be shown on the 400/500 color display, which gives
the pilot the ability to quickly identify traffic and weather
hazards relative to the aircraft.
190-00140-10 Rev. E
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
1-1
SECTION 1
INTRODUCTION
Blank Page
1-2
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
190-00140-10 Rev. E
SECTION 2
STORMSCOPE INTERFACE
SECTION 2 GOODRICH
STORMSCOPE INTERFACE
GOODRICH STORMSCOPE DESCRIPTION
NOTE: The Stormscope is not intended for
hazardous thunderstorm penetration. Displayed
weather information is approved for weather
avoidance only. Refer to the WX-500 User’s
Guide for a detailed description of Stormscope
operation.
The Goodrich STORMSCOPE WX-500 Series II
Weather Mapping Sensor is a passive weather avoidance
system that detects electrical discharges associated with
thunderstorms within a 200-nm radius of the aircraft. The
STORMSCOPE measures relative bearing and distance
of thunderstorm-related electrical activity and reports
the information to the display. Interfaces are currently
only available for the WX-500 Series II STORMSCOPE
System.
Figure 2-1 Stormscope Power Up Page
User-Initiated Test
In addition to the power-up test, the WX-500 performs
a continuous self-test. This continuous self-test is
performed several times per minute. A user-initiated test
can also be performed. The WX-500 Pilot’s Guide lists all
of the possible faults, probable causes, and recommended
actions if system failures are noted.
Performing a user-initiated test:
1)
From the default Nav Page, turn the small right
knob to select the Weather Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page
Menu.
3)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘Self-Test?’
(Figure 2-2).
Power-Up Self-Test
The power-up self-test (Figure 2-1) ensures that the
WX-500 functions are operating properly. An error
message is displayed on the Message Page if data is no
longer being received.
Figure 2-2 Weather Page Menu
4)
190-00140-10 Rev. E
Press the ENT Key.
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
2-1
SECTION 2
STORMSCOPE INTERFACE
DISPLAYING STORM DATA ON THE MAP PAGE
The strike data display phases are listed below:
The Map Page (Figure 2-3) displays cell or strike
information using yellow lightning strike symbology
overlaid on a moving map. This added capability improves
situational awareness, which in turn makes it much easier
for the pilot to relate storm activity to airports, navaids,
obstacles and other ground references.
• Lightning Symbol (latest strikes; less than one
minute; a black guard band is placed around
the strike symbol during the first six seconds of
display)
Storm Activity
Cell Mode
Strike Rate
• Large Plus “+” sign (more than one minute old)
• Small Plus “+” sign (more than two minutes old)
• Strike Data is no longer displayed (after three
minutes)
Configuring storm data on the Map Page:
Figure 2-3 Storm Data on Map Page
NOTE: Storm data is displayed on the Map Page
only if aircraft heading is available.
In normal operation, the current mode and rate are
displayed in the top right-hand corner of the Map Page.
The mode is indicated by the word “STRIKE” when in
strike mode, or “CELL” when in cell mode.
Strike mode indicates the approximate location of
lightning strikes. Only the data that is viewable on the
screen is included in the strike rate.
Cell mode uses a clustering program to identify clusters
of electrical activity that indicate cells. Cell mode is most
useful during periods of heavy storm activity. Displaying
cell data during these periods frees the user from sifting
through a screen full of discharge points and helps to
better determine where the storm cells are located.
2-2
1)
From the default Nav Page, turn the small right
knob to select the Map Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page
Menu.
3)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘Setup
Map?’.
4)
Press the ENT Key, the flashing cursor highlights
the GROUP field.
5)
Turn the small right knob to display the Map
Setup Options Menu and select ‘Weather’.
6)
Press the ENT Key. The flashing cursor
highlights ‘Weather’ in the GROUP field.
7)
Turn the large right knob to select the desired
Weather mode field.
8)
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
setting.
9)
Press the ENT Key.
10) Repeat steps 7-9 for remaining Weather mode
fields as desired.
11) Press the CLR Key to return to the Map Page.
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
190-00140-10 Rev. E
SECTION 2
STORMSCOPE INTERFACE
Clearing the Map Page
Storm Data Display Range
Routinely clearing the Map Page of all discharge points
is a good way to determine if a storm is building or
dissipating. In a building storm discharge points reappear
faster and in larger numbers. In a dissipating storm
discharge points appear slower and in smaller numbers.
Storm data can be displayed on the 2000 nm zoom
scale, but the data only goes out as far as the STORMSCOPE
can report (200 nm).
North Up Mode: Since the range for Stormscope data
is 400 nm diameter total (200 nm in front and 200 nm
behind), the 500 nm range in North Up mode shows all
the data.
Track Up Mode: In the Track Up mode at the 500
nm range, a portion of Stormscope lightning data can be
behind (“aft” of) the aircraft and therefore not visible on
the Navigation Map.
Clearing the Map Page of all discharge
points:
1)
From the default Nav Page, turn the small right
knob to select the Map Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page
Menu.
3)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘Clear Storm
Data?’ (Figure 2-4).
Selecting a storm data display range:
1)
From the default Nav Page, turn the small right
knob to select the Map Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
3)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘Setup Map?’.
4)
Press the ENT Key.
5)
Turn the small right knob to select the Weather
Group.
6)
Press the ENT Key.
7)
Turn the large right knob to select the desired
lightning symbol option.
8)
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
range (Figure 2-5).
Figure 2-4 Map Page Menu
4)
Press the ENT Key.
Figure 2-5 Range Window
9)
190-00140-10 Rev. E
Press the ENT Key.
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
2-3
SECTION 2
STORMSCOPE INTERFACE
WEATHER PAGE
Panning the Map Page
Panning moves the map beyond its current limits
without adjusting the map scale. In panning mode a
target pointer flashes on the map display, and a window
appears at the top of the map display showing the latitude/
longitude position of the pointer. The window also shows
bearing and distance to the pointer from the aircraft’s
present position.
Panning with the cursor on the Map Page allows the
pilot to zoom in and isolate individual cells. Strike data is
not typically updated on the Map Page while the panning
cursor is on, therefore, when the panned map is first
displayed, the data is only a “snapshot” of conditions.
Weather Page—400 Series
In addition to the Map Page, storm data can also be
viewed on the Weather Page. In the 400 Series, when
the STORMSCOPE is connected to the unit, the Weather
Page appears after the Traffic Page in the sequence of NAV
Pages, resulting in a total of nine pages (Figure 2-7).
Default NAV
Map
TRAFFIC
(if configured)
Selecting the panning function and panning
the map display:
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
panning target pointer (Figure 2-6).
2)
Turn the small right knob clockwise to move
up, or counterclockwise to move down.
3)
Turn the large right knob clockwise to move
right, or counterclockwise to move left.
(if configured)
(if configured)
TERRAIN
NAV/COM
Position
Satellite Status
VNAV
Weather
Figure 2-7 400 Series NAV Pages
Figure 2-6 Panning on Map Page
4)
2-4
To cancel the panning function and return to
the present position, press the small right
knob.
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
190-00140-10 Rev. E
SECTION 2
STORMSCOPE INTERFACE
Weather Page—500 Series
Weather Display
In addition to the Map Page, storm data can also be
viewed on the Weather Page. In the 500 Series, when
the STORMSCOPE is connected to the unit, the Weather
Page appears after the Traffic Page in the sequence of NAV
Pages, resulting in a total of seven pages (Figure 2-8).
The Weather Page (Figure 2-9) displays either a 360°
or a 120° viewing angle. In normal operation, the current
strike rate is displayed in the top right-hand corner, and
‘LTNG’ is displayed in the top left-hand corner. When in
strike mode, ‘STRIKE’ is displayed in the lower right-hand
corner of the Weather Page and when the unit is in cell
mode, ‘Cell’ is displayed in the lower right-hand corner of
the Weather Page.
Stormscope Operation
Default NAV
Map
Orientation
Traffic (if configured)
Strike Rate
Storm
Activity
Weather (if configured)
TAWS or TERRAIN
(if configured)
NAV/COM
Weather
Mode
Figure 2-9 Weather Page
Selecting the desired Weather Display
Mode:
Satellite Status
Figure 2-8 500 Series NAV Pages
1)
From the default NAV Page, turn the small
right knob to select the Weather Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display an options
menu (Figure 2-10).
Figure 2-10 Weather Page Menu
3)
190-00140-10 Rev. E
Select the desired display angle from the
options menu and press the ENT Key.
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
2-5
SECTION 2
STORMSCOPE INTERFACE
Weather Display Interpretation
For weather display interpretation, study the examples
in the WX-500 User’s Guide which are designed to help
relate the cell or strike patterns shown on the display to
the size and location of thunderstorms that may be near
the aircraft.
2-6
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
190-00140-10 Rev. E
SECTION 3
SKYWATCH INTERFACE
SECTION 3 SKYWATCH AND
BENDIX/KING INTERFACE
Introduction
With the exception of traffic display range selections,
all information in this section pertaining to the display
and control of the Goodrich SKYWATCH (SKY 497)
also applies to the Goodrich SKYWATCH HP (SKY 899)
and the Bendix/King KTA 870/KMH 880—this includes
TCAS-like symbology. Traffic display range selections are
as follows:
• If the SKYWATCH passes the power-up test and
the aircraft does not have a squat switch, the
Standby Screen is displayed (Figure 3-1).
• If the SKYWATCH continues to fail, please refer
to the failure response section in the SKYWATCH
Pilot’s Guide on actions to take.
NOTE: When the system is in standby, the
SKYWATCH does not transmit, interrogate, or
track intruder aircraft.
• SKYWATCH (SKY 497)—2 nm, 2 and 6 nm,
6 and 12 nm.
• SKYWATCH HP (SKY 899)—2 nm, 2 and 6 nm,
6 and 12 nm, 12 and 24 nm.
• Bendix/King KTA 870/KMH 880—2 nm,
2 and 6 nm, 6 and 12 nm, 12 and 24 nm,
20 and 40 nm.
Figure 3-1 Standby Mode
Tracking intruder aircraft
SKYWATCH Description
Please, refer to the SKYWATCH Pilot’s Guide for a
complete description of the SKYWATCH system.
Power-up Self-Test
Check for the following test criteria on the Traffic Page
during power-up:
• If the SKYWATCH passes the power-up test and
the aircraft both has a squat switch and is on the
ground, the Standby Screen is displayed (Figure
3-1).
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor and highlight ‘STBY’.
2)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘OPER’.
3)
Press the ENT Key to confirm operating mode
and begin tracking intruder aircraft.
NOTE: The FAILED message occurs when the
system detects an error that prohibits further
traffic display operation as long as this message
stays on the screen.
• If the SKYWATCH passes the power-up test
and the aircraft both has a squat switch and is
airborne, the Traffic Page is displayed on the 6-nm
display range and in the normal altitude display
mode.
190-00140-10 Rev. E
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
3-1
SECTION 3
SKYWATCH INTERFACE
User-initiated Test
In addition to the power-up test, the SKYWATCH
performs a continuous self-test. This continuous self-test
is performed several times per minute. A user-initiated
test of the SKYWATCH Interface can also be performed.
NOTE: A user-initiated test can only be performed
when in standby or failed mode.
Performing a user-initiated test:
Switching Between Standby and Operating
Modes
The unit must be in operating mode for traffic to be
displayed. The ability to switch out of standby into operating
mode on the ground is especially useful for scanning the
airspace around the airport before takeoff. Operating Mode
is confirmed by the display of ‘OPER’ in the upper righthand corner of the Traffic Page (Figure 3-2).
Switching to Operating Mode from Standby
Mode:
1)
Turn the small right knob to select the Traffic
Page.
1)
2)
From the Traffic Page, press the MENU Key to
display the Page Menu.
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor and highlight ‘STBY’.
2)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘OPER?’.
3)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘Self
Test?’.
3)
4)
Press the ENT Key.
Press the ENT Key to confirm and place the
SKYWATCH in operating mode, SKYWATCH
switches out of standby into the 6-nm display
range.
Voice Announcements
NOTE: If the aircraft has a squat switch and the
pilot does not manually switch out of standby,
the SKYWATCH will automatically switch out of
standby 8 to 10 seconds after takeoff.
See the SKYWATCH Pilot’s Guide for information on
voice announcements.
Switching to Standby Mode from the Traffic
Page:
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor and highlight ‘OPER’.
2)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘STBY?’.
3)
Press the ENT Key to confirm and place the
SKYWATCH in standby mode.
NOTE: If the aircraft has a squat switch, STBY is
not displayed while the aircraft is airborne but
will go into standby 24 seconds after landing.
This delay allows the SKYWATCH to remain out
of standby during a touch-and-go maneuver.
3-2
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
190-00140-10 Rev. E
SECTION 3
SKYWATCH INTERFACE
Altitude Display Mode
Traffic Page
The selected altitude display mode (ABV: look up,
NRM: normal, BLW: look down, or UNR: unrestricted) is
displayed in the upper left-hand corner of the Traffic Page.
The SKY 497 continues to track up to 30 intruder aircraft
within its maximum surveillance range, regardless of the
altitude display mode selected.
Traffic can be displayed both on the Map Page (only
if heading is available) and on the Traffic Page (Figure
3-3). See the Garmin 400/500 Series Installation Manual
available at authorized Garmin service centers for details.
Altitude Display Mode
Traffic
Operating Mode
Changing the Altitude Display Mode:
1)
2)
From the Traffic Page, press the small right
knob to activate the cursor and highlight the
current mode (Figure 3-2).
Turn the small right knob to cycle through
the options. The screen changes to display
the traffic detected within the selected altitude
display range. The 400 Series screen also
displays unrestricted traffic (UNR) having a
maximum range as specified by the SKYWATCH
Pilot’s Guide. Refer to the SKYWATCH Pilot’s
Guide for information regarding altitude
display ranges.
NOTE: Confirmation is not required, the mode is
changed immediately when using the small right
knob.
Display
Range
Traffic Advisory
(with no bearing
information)
Figure 3-3 Traffic Page
Traffic Warning Window
When the unit is not on the traffic page and a traffic
threat is imminent, the Traffic Warning Window (Figure
3-4) is displayed,.which shows a small thumbnail map.
When the Traffic Warning Window is displayed, press the
ENT Key to display the Traffic Page, or press the CLR Key
to return to the previous page.
NOTE: The Traffic Warning Window is disabled
when the aircraft ground speed is less than 30
knots or when an approach is active.
Figure 3-2 “UNR” Selected
3)
Press the small right knob to turn the cursor
off after the selection is made.
190-00140-10 Rev. E
Figure 3-4 Traffic Warning Window
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
3-3
SECTION 3
SKYWATCH INTERFACE
Traffic Page Display Range
6)
Press the ENT Key (Figure 3-5).
The display range on the Traffic Page can be changed
at any time.
Changing the display range on the Traffic
Page:
Press the RNG Key to zoom through the following
range options:
• 2 nm
Figure 3-5 Map Setup Menu
• 2 and 6 nm
• 6 and 12 nm
7)
Turn the large right knob to select the desired
Traffic Mode option.
Configuring Traffic Data on the Map Page
8)
The display of traffic information is designed to closely
resemble the display symbology used by Goodrich on the
SKYWATCH.
Traffic is only displayed on the Map Page if aircraft
heading data is available. When heading is not available,
Traffic Advisories are displayed as non-bearing banners on
the Map Page. See the Garmin 400/500 Series Installation
Manual available at authorized Garmin service centers for
details.
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
option
9)
Press the ENT Key. Repeat steps 7-9 for Traffic
Symbol and Traffic Label.
• 12 and 24 nm for the SKY 899 only
Configuring traffic on the Map Page:
3-4
10) Return to the Map Page by pressing the CLR
Key.
Traffic mode allows the operator to choose which traffic
is displayed (all traffic, traffic and proximity advisories,
or traffic advisories only). The traffic symbol (Table 3-1)
is used to depict the type of traffic (400/500 Series and
Goodrich use the same symbology):
1)
Turn the small right knob to select the Map
Page.
Type of Traffic
Traffic Advisories (TA)
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page
Menu.
Proximity Advisories (PA)
3)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘Setup
Map?’.
4)
Press the ENT Key. The flashing cursor
highlights the GROUP field.
5)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘Traffic’.
Symbol
Other
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
Table 3-1
190-00140-10 Rev. E
SECTION 3
SKYWATCH INTERFACE
NOTE: Proximity Advisories (PA) are displayed as
solid white diamonds. SKYWATCH shows these
PAs as hollow diamonds since the SKYWATCH
display is monochrome. PAs are defined as traffic
within the 4.0-nm range, within ± 1200 ft. of
altitude separation, and are not a traffic advisory
(TA).
The traffic label is the altitude separation above or
below the symbol and the vertical speed sense arrow to
the right of the symbol (Figure 3-6).
Displaying Thumbnail Traffic on the Map
Page
1)
Turn the small right knob to select the Map
Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page
Menu.
3)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘Change
Fields?’.
4)
Press the ENT Key.
5)
Turn the large right knob to select one of the
top three fields (top four fields on the 500
Series).
6)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘TRFC’ from
the Select Field Type List.
7)
Press the ENT Key. (Figure 3-8)
Figure 3-6 Traffic Label
From the Map Page, traffic in a thumbnail format can
be displayed in any of the top three data fields (top four
fields on the 500 Series) on the right side of the Map Page
(Figure 3-8).
When a Traffic Advisory is active, the “Traffic” banner
is displayed in the lower right corner of the Map Page
(Figure 3-7)
Figure 3-8 Thumbnail Traffic on Map Page
NOTE: The thumbnail range defaults to 6 nm and
cannot be changed.
Figure 3-7 Traffic Banner
190-00140-10 Rev. E
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
3-5
SECTION 3
SKYWATCH INTERFACE
Highlighting Traffic Data Using Map Panning
Another map page function is panning, which allows
changing the map beyond its current limits without
adjusting the map scale. Select the panning function by
pressing the small right knob, a target pointer flashes on
the map display (Figure 3-9). Also a window appears at
the top of the map display showing the latitude/longitude
position of the pointer, and the bearing and distance to
the pointer from the present position.
Selecting the panning function and panning
the map display:
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
panning target pointer (Figure 3-9).
When the target pointer is placed on traffic, the traffic
range and altitude separation are displayed. The traffic is
identified as:
• TA: Traffic Advisory
• PA: Proximity Advisory
• TRFC: Other Traffic
Monitoring Traffic
Refer to the SKYWATCH Pilot’s Guide for information
regarding monitoring traffic on the display and the
corresponding actions to take.
Failure Response
Errors indicated by a FAILED screen prevent continued
use of the SKYWATCH. See the Goodrich SKYWATCH
Pilot’s Guide for detailed information on Failure
Response.
Description of Traffic Advisory Criteria
For a description of Traffic Advisory criteria and display
interpretation, refer to the SKYWATCH Pilot’s Guide.
Figure 3-9 Panning the Map Display
3-6
2)
Turn the small right knob clockwise to move
up, or counterclockwise to move down.
3)
Turn the large right knob clockwise to move
right, or counterclockwise to move left.
4)
To cancel the panning function and return to
the present position, press the small right
knob.
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
190-00140-10 Rev. E
SECTION 4
RYAN TCAD INTERFACE
SECTION 4 RYAN TCAD INTERFACE
Differences between the Ryan 9900B TCAD and
the Ryan 9900BX TCAD
All information in this section pertaining to the display
and control of the Ryan 9900B TCAD also applies to the
Ryan 9900BX TCAD except for the following:
• TCAS-like symbology is used in the 9900BX as
opposed to the 9900B (similar to SKYWATCH).
Operator Controls and Basic Displays
If there is no communication between the display unit
and the TCAD unit, a message will appear, notifying the
user. After initialization, proceed with operation of the
400/500 Series unit in a normal manner.
TCAD data can be shown in a “thumbnail” view on the
Map Page. TCAD data also displays on both the Traffic
Page (Figure 4-1) and the Map Page if heading data is
available.
• Altitude modes are available similar to
SKYWATCH (normal, look up, look down,
unrestricted).
• Ranges are manually controlled instead of being
automatically re-sized to the current shield.
• Traffic display range selections are different:
• Ryan 9900B—range is slaved to current shield
size.
• Ryan 9900BX—2 nm, 2 and 6 nm, 6 and 12 nm,
12 and 24 nm.
Ryan TCAD Description
NOTE: Refer to the Ryan TCAD Pilot’s Guide for a
detailed description of the Ryan TCAD System.
The Ryan TCAD (Traffic and Collision Alert Device) is
an on-board air traffic display used to identify potential
collision threats. TCAD computes relative altitude
and range of threats from nearby Mode C and Mode
S-equipped aircraft. TCAD will not detect aircraft without
operating transponders or those that are beyond radar
coverage. TCAD, within defined limits, creates a shield
of airspace around the aircraft, whereby detected traffic
cannot penetrate without triggering an alert.
Figure 4-1 Traffic Page
The symbols for closing and parting traffic shown on
both the Map Page and the Traffic Page are identical to
those shown on the Ryan TCAD (see Ryan TCAD Pilot’s
Guide for detailed decscription):
Symbol Name
Description
TRFC Altitude separation >500 feet, steady
altitude separation
TA
Altitude separation <=500 feet,
steady altitude separation
TRFC Altitude separation >500 feet, closing
PA
TRFC
TA
Altitude separation <=500 feet,
parting
Altitude separation >500 feet, parting
Altitude separation <=500 feet,
closing
Table 4-1
190-00140-10 Rev. E
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
4-1
SECTION 4
RYAN TCAD INTERFACE
Configuring TCAD Data on the Map Page
Displaying Thumbnail Traffic onthe Map Page
The display of traffic information closely resembles the
display symbology used by the Ryan TCAD. Traffic data
is only displayed on the Map Page if heading data is
available.
Configuring Traffic on the Map Page:
The Map Page has the ability to display traffic in a
thumbnail format in any of the top three fields (top four
fields on a 500 Series unit) on the right-hand side of the
Map Page.
1)
Turn the small right knob to select the Map
Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page
Menu.
3)
Use the small right knob to select ‘Setup
Map?’
4)
Press the ENT Key. The flashing cursor
highlights the GROUP field.
5)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘Traffic’
(Figure 4-2).
To display Thumbnail Traffic on the Map
Page:
1)
Turn the small right knob to select the Map
Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page
Menu.
3)
Use the small right knob to select ‘Change
Fields?’ (Figure 4-3).
Figure 4-3 Map Page Menu
4)
Press the ENT Key.
5)
Turn the large right knob to select one of the
top three fields (top four fields on a 500 Series
unit).
6)
Select ‘TRFC’ from the Select Field Type List.
7)
Press the ENT Key.
Figure 4-2 Map Setup Options Menu
7)
Press the ENT Key.
8)
Turn the large right knob to select the desired
Traffic Mode option.
9)
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
option.
NOTE: The thumbnail range defaults to 6 nm and
cannot be changed.
10) Press the ENT Key. Repeat steps 8-10 for Traffic
Symbol and Traffic Label.
11) Press the CLR Key to return to the Map Page.
4-2
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
190-00140-10 Rev. E
SECTION 4
RYAN TCAD INTERFACE
Monitoring Traffic
Panning the map:
Refer to the information in the TCAD Pilot’s Guide
regarding monitoring traffic on the display and the
corresponding actions to take.
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
panning target pointer (Figure 4-4).
Highlighting Traffic Data Using Map Panning
Panning is another map page function, which allows
moving the map beyond its current limits without
adjusting the map scale. Select the panning function—by
pressing the small right knob—a target pointer flashes on
the map display. Also a window also appears at the top of
the map display showing the latitude/longitude position
of the pointer, and the bearing and distance to the pointer
from the present position.
When the target pointer is placed on traffic, the traffic
range, altitude separation, squawk code (if available), and
tail number (if available) are displayed (Figure 4-4).
Figure 4-4 Panning the Map Page
2)
Turn the small right knob to move up (turn
clockwise), or down (turn counterclockwise).
3)
Turn the large right knob to move right (turn
clockwise), or left (turn counterclockwise)
4)
Press the small right knob to cancel map
panning and return to the present position, .
The traffic is identified as follows:
• TA: Traffic Advisory—This is traffic within 500
ft. of altitude separation that is converging or
maintaining altitude separation.
• PA: Proximity Advisory—This is traffic within 500
ft. of separation and it is not a TA.
• TRFC:—Other traffic
190-00140-10 Rev. E
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
4-3
SECTION 4
RYAN TCAD INTERFACE
TCAD Setup Page
Traffic Page Fields
The Ryan TCAD Setup Page is accessed from the Traffic
Page. The TCAD Setup Page allows traffic data to be
configured. The definitions of the available options are
listed in the TCAD Pilot’s Handbook.
There are two selectable fields on the Traffic Page:
the Operating Mode Field and the Barometric Pressure
Field. The Operating Mode Field selects the TCAD
operating mode (Table 4-2). Please, refer to the TCAD
Pilot’s Handbook for a complete description of all modes
of operation. For the 9900BX model, this field is replaced
with the SKYWATCH style altitude mode.
Changing a TCAD setup option:
1)
Turn the small right knob to select the Traffic
Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page
Menu.
3)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘Setup?’.
4)
Press the ENT Key. The flashing cursor
highlights the Mode field (Figure 4-5).
TCAD 9900B Operating Modes
GND
Ground Mode
TML
Terminal Mode
STD
Standard Mode
ENR
Enroute Mode
UNR
Unrestricted Mode
Table 4-2
NOTE: The modes APR (approach) and DEP
(departure), are displayed when in either of those
modes, but are not manually selectable.
Figure 4-5 Ryan TCAD Setup Page
4-4
5)
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
mode. The mode selection determines which
shield definition to display and change.
6)
Press the ENT Key.
7)
Select the desired remaining options fields
by turning the large right knob, then turn
the small right knob to select the desired
option, and press the ENT Key to confirm the
selection.
8)
Return to the Traffic Page by pressing the CLR
Key.
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
190-00140-10 Rev. E
SECTION 4
RYAN TCAD INTERFACE
To select the Operating Mode:
Changing the Barometric Pressure:
1)
From the Traffic Page, press the small right
knob to activate the cursor, the operating mode
field is highlighted.
1)
From the Traffic Page, press the small right
knob to activate the cursor and highlight the
Operating Mode field.
2
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
operating mode.
2)
Turn the large right knob to select the
Barometric Pressure Field.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
3)
Use the small right knob to select the desired
value (Figure 4-6). When editing the value,
use the large right knob to select the digit to
edit.
NOTE: The traffic display range is automatically
set to the shield size and cannot be changed
(9900B only).
The second selectable field, located in the upper righthand corner of the display, is the Barometric Pressure
field, which displays the Barometric Pressure in inches of
mercury. The Barometric Pressure field on the Traffic Page
is used to set the barometric pressure in the Ryan TCAD
unit. Please, refer to the TCAD Pilot’s Handbook for a
detailed description of this feature.
Figure 4-6 Barometric Pressure Selected
4)
Press the ENT Key.
5)
Press the small right knob to exit the field.
When the TCAD 9900BX model is interfaced there is
an additional annunciation in the lower left-hand corner
of the Traffic Page. This indicates the TCAD unit being in
approach mode (APR) or if the approach is armed (APR
ARM).
190-00140-10 Rev. E
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
4-5
SECTION 4
RYAN TCAD INTERFACE
Air Shield
Threat Acquisition
Refer to the TCAD Pilot’s Handbook for a detailed
description of the Air Shield.
Refer to the TCAD Pilot’s Handbook for a detailed
description of the Air Shield.
Traffic Warning Window
Audible and Visible Alerts
When the unit is not on the traffic page and a traffic
threat is imminent, the Traffic Warning Window (Figure
4-7) is displayed. The Warning Window shows a small
thumbnail map and can display the Traffic Page (press the
ENT Key) or return to the previous page (press the CLR
Key).
Voice and tones are used to alert the pilot. The alert
descriptions used by TCAD are listed in the TCAD Pilot’s
Handbook. Voice is used only during the highest level
of alerting; otherwise, tone is used. The voice alerting
can be turned on or off from the TCAD Setup Page or
from the configuration pages. See the Garmin 400/500
Series Installation Manual available at authorized Garmin
Service Centers (only for the 9900 model).
NOTE: The Traffic Warning Window is disabled
when the aircraft ground speed is less than 30
knots or when an approach is active.
Fault Displays
If the unit fails to detect the TCAD or if the TCAD data
that is received is invalid, the traffic screen shows “DATA
FAIL”.
Limitations
Refer to the TCAD Pilot’s Handbook for limitations of
the TCAD system.
Figure 4-7 Traffic Warning Window
4-6
400/500 Series Display Interfaces
190-00140-10 Rev. E
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street
Olathe, KS 66062, U.S.A.
p: 913.397.8200 f: 913.397.8282
Garmin AT, Inc.
2345 Turner Road SE
Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
p: 503.391.3411 f: 503.364.2138
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Liberty House, Bulls Copse Road
Hounsdown Business Park
Southampton, SO40 9RB, U.K.
p: 44/ (0) 870.8501241 f: 44/ (0) 870.8501251
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road
Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
p: 886/2.2642.9199 f: 886/2.2642.9099
www.garmin.com
© 2007 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
190-00181-01 Rev. E
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