GNMIDI MIDI TOOLS for Windows

GNMIDI MIDI TOOLS for Windows
GNMIDI
MIDI TOOLS for
Windows
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI
A software for MIDI friends
by Günter Nagler
MIDI is the language that most electronic musical
instruments, computers and recording studios have in
common.
A MIDI file tells the playing device all the steps that the
synthesizer must do to produce a song instead of only
sound.
GNMIDI gives you the opportunity to join in the fun that
musicians have with the use of MIDI.
Don't be afraid that working with MIDI is too difficult or
requires too much knowledge of music, techniques or
computers. With GNMIDI it's easy and fun
to work with MIDI files.
GNMIDI is very efficient. It is small enough to put on a floppy
disk and take with you anywhere. It will even run right from
the disk. No installation necessary!
GNMIDI - MIDI tools for Windows
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
All rights reserved. No parts of this work may be reproduced in any form or by any means - graphic, electronic, or
mechanical, including photocopying, recording, taping, or information storage and retrieval systems - without the
written permission of the publisher.
Products that are referred to in this document may be either trademarks and/or registered trademarks of the
respective owners. The publisher and the author make no claim to these trademarks.
While every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this document, the publisher and the author assume no
responsibility for errors or omissions, or for damages resulting from the use of information contained in this document
or from the use of programs and source code that may accompany it. In no event shall the publisher and the author be
liable for any loss of profit or any other commercial damage caused or alleged to have been caused directly or
indirectly by this document.
Printed: Mai 2017 in Austria, Graz
Special thanks to:
Programming
Günter Nagler, Austria
All the people who helped that GNMIDI became a successful
software idea, the users who sent new ideas and helped to test
them.
All the professional and amateur musicians who sent me important
input about what musicians really need.
All the users who talk about GNMIDI and recommended it to new
users.
Genea, who spent valuable time in proof-reading this document.
Microsoft for standardizing MIDI drivers and making it possible that
users can use MIDI on different systems .
KORG who developed the wonderful i-series MIDI keyboards that I
am using.
YAMAHA who developed the fascinating CVP-305 digital piano that
I am using.
Share-It for their superb online order services.
I
GNMIDI
Table of Contents
Foreword
0
Part I Introducing GNMIDI
5
1 Why GNMIDI?................................................................................................................................... 5
2 About the GNMIDI
...................................................................................................................................
project
5
3 End user license
...................................................................................................................................
agreement
6
4 Installation
................................................................................................................................... 6
5 License
................................................................................................................................... 7
6 How to register
...................................................................................................................................
GNMIDI
7
7 How to print this
...................................................................................................................................
help file
8
8 GNMIDI.INI
................................................................................................................................... 8
9 Notepad Editor
................................................................................................................................... 8
10 GNMIDI support
................................................................................................................................... 9
Part II GNMIDI user interface
9
1 The principles...................................................................................................................................
of using GNMIDI
9
2 Information displayed
...................................................................................................................................
in a MIDI document window
10
3 Karaoke display
................................................................................................................................... 13
4 Menu
................................................................................................................................... 14
File menu
.......................................................................................................................................................... 15
Analyse menu.......................................................................................................................................................... 17
Convert menu.......................................................................................................................................................... 19
Modify menu .......................................................................................................................................................... 21
Controller.........................................................................................................................................................
operations submenu
23
Note operations
.........................................................................................................................................................
submenu
24
Sound operations
.........................................................................................................................................................
submenu
24
Tempo operations
.........................................................................................................................................................
submenu
25
Volume operations
.........................................................................................................................................................
submenu
26
Player menu .......................................................................................................................................................... 27
Reset midi.........................................................................................................................................................
device submenu
28
Settings menu
.......................................................................................................................................................... 29
Window menu
.......................................................................................................................................................... 30
Help menu .......................................................................................................................................................... 31
Part III GNMIDI operations
32
1 Batch operations
...................................................................................................................................
for favourite operations
32
2 Open a MIDI ...................................................................................................................................
file
34
3 Close a MIDI...................................................................................................................................
file
35
4 Play a MIDI file
................................................................................................................................... 36
5 Stop the MIDI...................................................................................................................................
song player
36
6 Save a MIDI file
................................................................................................................................... 36
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
Contents
II
7 Change MIDI...................................................................................................................................
format
37
8 Check and repair
...................................................................................................................................
a MIDI file
37
9 Convert RIFF...................................................................................................................................
MIDI (.rmi) to standard MIDI file (.mid)
37
10 Fade a MIDI song
................................................................................................................................... 38
11 Make a MIDI ...................................................................................................................................
medley
39
12 Play MIDI with
...................................................................................................................................
favorite MIDI player
40
13 Change Volume
...................................................................................................................................
(or Note velocities)
40
14 Copy part from
...................................................................................................................................
a MIDI file
41
15 Generate control
...................................................................................................................................
events in rhythmic or random way
42
16 Show short or
...................................................................................................................................
verbose track information
44
17 Karaoke to MIDI
...................................................................................................................................
with lyrics
46
18 Convert MIDI...................................................................................................................................
with lyrics to Karaoke MIDI
47
19 Trim mute song
...................................................................................................................................
ending
47
20 Calculate maximum
...................................................................................................................................
note polyphony
47
21 Reset GM, GM2,
...................................................................................................................................
GS, XG, INIT
48
22 Reset device...................................................................................................................................
(SOS)
48
23 Prepare MIDI...................................................................................................................................
song before playing
49
24 Sort tracks in...................................................................................................................................
a format 1 MIDI file
49
25 Select MIDI output
...................................................................................................................................
device for internal MIDI player
50
26 Compress MIDI
................................................................................................................................... 50
27 Humanize MIDI
................................................................................................................................... 51
28 Transpose MIDI
................................................................................................................................... 51
29 Map Channel...................................................................................................................................
Numbers
52
30 Guess Chords
................................................................................................................................... 53
31 Split Drums ................................................................................................................................... 55
32 Split Programs
................................................................................................................................... 55
33 Replace Notes
................................................................................................................................... 56
34 Change Resolution
................................................................................................................................... 57
35 Set copyright...................................................................................................................................
information
58
36 Edit track titles
................................................................................................................................... 58
37 Calculate tempo
...................................................................................................................................
(BPM)
59
38 Stretch notes...................................................................................................................................
duration
60
39 Mute voices ................................................................................................................................... 61
40 Generate setup
...................................................................................................................................
measure
62
41 Show or add...................................................................................................................................
secret copyright
62
42 Set tempo (bpm
...................................................................................................................................
and percentually)
63
43 Check all MIDI
...................................................................................................................................
files
63
44 Create new MIDI
...................................................................................................................................
file
63
45 Browse MIDI...................................................................................................................................
folder
64
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
III
GNMIDI
46 Reverse MIDI...................................................................................................................................
song
64
47 Check midi natural
...................................................................................................................................
instrument note ranges
64
48 Remove hanging
...................................................................................................................................
notes
65
49 Delete midi tracks
................................................................................................................................... 65
50 MIDI to ASCII...................................................................................................................................
Text
66
51 ASCII Text to...................................................................................................................................
MIDI
66
52 ASCII Text syntax
................................................................................................................................... 67
53 Guess song ...................................................................................................................................
key and optionally set MIDI song key
73
54 Show original
...................................................................................................................................
MIDI song keys
73
55 MIDI time calculator
...................................................................................................................................
(calculate position, time, tact, tempo within a song)
74
56 Player status...................................................................................................................................
information
75
57 Insert Marker................................................................................................................................... 76
58 Find text in MIDI
...................................................................................................................................
and MP3 files
77
59 Set programs
...................................................................................................................................
and banks (with sound check)
77
60 Prepare MIDI...................................................................................................................................
file for PianoDisc
79
61 Cripple notes................................................................................................................................... 80
62 Song description
................................................................................................................................... 81
63 Adjust volume
...................................................................................................................................
to common level before playing midi song (optional)
82
64 Set all MIDI to
...................................................................................................................................
common volume level
82
65 Entertainment
...................................................................................................................................
player
83
66 Delete duplicate
...................................................................................................................................
notes
84
67 Print Lyrics ................................................................................................................................... 85
68 Pause/Continue
...................................................................................................................................
MIDI Player commands
85
69 Backward/Forward
...................................................................................................................................
MIDI Player commands
85
70 Mute Melody................................................................................................................................... 85
71 Select a Midi...................................................................................................................................
Input
86
72 MIDI Recorder
................................................................................................................................... 86
73 Split notes into
...................................................................................................................................
lower and upper half at splitpoint (left and right hand)
88
74 Edit Text
................................................................................................................................... 89
75 Tip of the day
................................................................................................................................... 90
76 MIDI melody ...................................................................................................................................
to mobile phone ring tones (RTTTL)
91
77 RTTTL to MIDI
...................................................................................................................................
song
91
78 MIDI to parsons
...................................................................................................................................
code conversion
92
79 MIDI settings...................................................................................................................................
landscape view
93
80 Count-In 1,2,3,4
................................................................................................................................... 94
81 Remove Count-in
...................................................................................................................................
notes
94
82 Insert empty...................................................................................................................................
measure
94
83 Initialize GM/GS/XG/GM2
...................................................................................................................................
mode
95
84 Optional MIDI
...................................................................................................................................
compression during save operation
95
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
Contents
IV
85 Keystrokes for
...................................................................................................................................
Nokia 3310/3330 mobile phone tone editor
95
86 MIDI command
...................................................................................................................................
filter
96
87 Seek long pauses
...................................................................................................................................
in song
97
88 Seek parts with
...................................................................................................................................
notes
97
89 Show tempo...................................................................................................................................
changes
98
90 Show text positions
................................................................................................................................... 99
91 Quantize pedal
...................................................................................................................................
controllers to on/off
99
92 Set MIDI tempo
...................................................................................................................................
without changing timing
100
93 Modify controller
...................................................................................................................................
values by expressions
101
94 Generate tempo
...................................................................................................................................
slide
103
95 Sysex Transfer
................................................................................................................................... 104
96 Karaoke Editor
................................................................................................................................... 109
97 Synchronization
...................................................................................................................................
Editor
116
98 Seek long notes
...................................................................................................................................
in song
119
99 Fit improvisation
...................................................................................................................................
to a score sheet
119
100 Monophon ...................................................................................................................................
channels
122
101 Quantise notes
................................................................................................................................... 122
102 Compare MIDI
...................................................................................................................................
files
123
103 Compare all...................................................................................................................................
MIDI files
125
104 Rename MIDI
...................................................................................................................................
files by song titles
126
105 Rename track
...................................................................................................................................
names to their MIDI filename
126
106 Clone channel
................................................................................................................................... 126
107 Clean MIDI ...................................................................................................................................
song
127
108 Remove chords
................................................................................................................................... 128
109 Convert MIDI
...................................................................................................................................
to (.csv) speadsheet
128
110 Convert (.csv)
...................................................................................................................................
spreadsheet to MIDI file
129
111 Map notes to
...................................................................................................................................
scale
129
112 Use a Play list
................................................................................................................................... 130
113 Chord editor
................................................................................................................................... 131
114 Prepare Casio
...................................................................................................................................
Lightning
132
115 Future operations
................................................................................................................................... 133
Index
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
134
5
GNMIDI
1
Introducing GNMIDI
1.1
Why GNMIDI?
GNMIDI Software offers a huge list of operations that help preparing MIDI files for musicians. It is
easier to use than a sequencer and is an ideal supplement to MIDI sequencer software. Many
important operations that are difficult to do with a MIDI sequencer can be done within GNMIDI with few
button clicks.
GNMIDI features are useful in following areas:
· Karaoke Playing and Editing
· Lyrics synchronization
· Lyrics conversion for many keyboard displays
· Sysex Dump
· MIDI Archive
· MIDI file modification
· Entertainment
· Mobile phone melodies
· MIDI Recording
· MIDI Playing
· quick MIDI file information display
· Chord analysation
· Format conversions
· Check and Repair
· Compression
· Copy parts from a MIDI file
· View into MIDI file internals
GNMIDI contains also a few features for mp3 song files, but is mainly for MIDI users:
· enter mp3 song text
· synchronize mp3 song text line by line (Karaoke)
· play mp3 song with karaoke text
· find mp3 song files in archive by words
· remember additional information to mp3 song files in archive (rating, comment, ...)
· entertainment player plays mp3 song files in random order considering files that contains certain
words, rating, playing frequency
1.2
About the GNMIDI project
Project author: Günter Nagler, Austria
From 1995-1999 I wrote many command line MIDI utilities for DOS. This program should offers many
operations of these utilities and more. Many people are not familiar with computers using DOS or UNIX
command lines, so GNMIDI - for Windows - is much easier to use.
The project started with some popular utilities and I may add new ones from time to time. The project
has become a full featured program and is in a very stable state.
The software is available in English or German.
GNMIDI is currently tested under following environments: Windows 7, Windows 8
GNMIDI might work with Windows systems Win95, WinME, Win98, WinNT4, Win2000, Vista,
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
Introducing GNMIDI
6
Windows XP but this is not listed in supported systems because we currently do not test on these
environments. We can not give any guarantees for these systems that all functions of a GNMIDI
version will work for these systems. Test the demo carefully on your system to be sure that it works
well. Please let us know your results if you are using one of these operating systems.
1.3
End user license agreement
GNMIDI (c) 1997 was created by Günter Nagler.
GNMIDI 3.0 and later is not free, it is commercial. You may try it free for 14 days to test it and then you
must purchase a license if you want to use it further or delete the program.
Prices may change. Download newest demo version for current price.
Purchasing a GNMIDI license is only obtaining the permission to use GNMIDI software. It is not
allowed to resell or share a license, only the registered owner listed in the license file has permission
to use GNMIDI.
The end user license agreement that is viewed at start of the program and can be downloaded from
http://www.gnmidi.com GNMIDI product page.
Demo version of the software asks you at program start if you are willing to accept our software usage
conditions and copyright rules. You can quit immediately and delete the software from your computer if
you don't agree. If you enter the software you agree to the conditions.
1.4
Installation
This program runs under Microsoft Windows® versions Windows 8, Windows 7. It does not run
under Windows 3.x and older. It is currently not tested with other Windows versions like WinME,
Win95, Win98, Win-NT, Win2000, Win XP, Vista, Windows 10 therefore we cannot guarantee that it
works with them. If you need to use this software with those unsupported systems please try demo self
and register with knowledge that we maybe cannot fix system depending software problems. You may
try to use GNMIDI with these systems self without guarantee.
if you download MSI file for installation the program will be installed into program files (x86) and create
a shortcut on desktop and app menu.
Deinstallation is done using Windows deinstall program (search for deinstall in Windows run) and click
the line with the wanted program name.
The gnmidi.ini file in your documents folder must be deleted manually.
If you download ZIP file for installation you need to extract the content of the ZIP archive into a new
empty GNMIDI folder (e.g. C:\GNMIDI).
Create a shortcut on the desktop to the program gnmidi.exe (green symbol) with Explorer. Alternatively
start the program with Windows Explorer in the GNMIDI folder.
Deinstallation is done by deleting the GNMIDI files in your GNMIDI folder and the gnmidi.ini file in your
documents folder.
Install your personal license as explained in the mail where it was sent. Ask the developer if there are
difficulties.
After correct installation of license the program should display your name at bottom side of the
program (registered by ...).
The personal license file *.gnlic might be in application folder
C:\Users\<username>\AppData\Roaming\GN MIDI Solutions\GNMIDI or in GNMIDI program folder.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
7
GNMIDI
At first program start GNMIDI creates a new readable file gnmidi.ini in your personal My
Documents folder, which remembers your recent program settings.
1.5
License
GNMIDI 3.0 and later is not Freeware it is commercial software (that you can try as demo before
buying).
A purchased license is valid for GNMIDI 3 version which was released during your order and GNMIDI 3
update versions released within 2 years.
Installed license will turn the demo into full version. The demo limitations will be away. The end user
license agreement must be agreed at first program start.
The name of the user who has permission to use the full software will be displayed at bottom side of
the program (registered by ...).
Software production takes much time, so please register after testing (14 days) if you like it. The
concept makes it safe for you, you don't purchase something that you haven't tried.
Till 14 days after your order the order may be cancelled.
A CDROM is not included in the price of software. It can be ordered separately.
Important: GNMIDI 2 license files are not accepted by GNMIDI 3. Please check if there is an upgrade
possibility.
1.6
How to register GNMIDI
A GNMIDI registration is license contract between user and software author that permits the user to
use the software without demo limitations. See End user license agreement that the user must agree
before using the software.
GNMIDI is available in English and German language.
Order a software license online:
http://www.gnmidi.com/gnorderen.htm
Program and updates can be downloaded from
http://www.gnmidi.com (Canada)
http://www.gnmidi.at (Austria)
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
Introducing GNMIDI
1.7
8
How to print this help file
Best printing of these help pages can be done using the PDF version of this help.
You can download this document from
http://www.gnmidi.com/gnmidien2.pdf
In order to view PDF files, the free Acrobat Reader from Adobe is required.
Delivery does not contain a printed manual.
1.8
GNMIDI.INI
gnmidi.ini is a text file in your My Documents folder which stores your personal program settings.
This file will be created automatically at first program start. Most settings are done automatically by
program.
Some very rarely used settings can only be modified by editing the GNMIDI.INI file with
Notepad text editor, this will be mentioned by the relating documentation to an operation.
Most settings can be found in section "Settings" after the line:
[Settings]
MidiMode=1
RecordDevice=0
MidiFollowLyrics=1
MidiAdjustVolume=0
MidiCommonVolume=1000000
MidiAllCommonVolume=1000000
MidiAutoCompression=0
TextFontAttrib=-13 0 0 0 700 0 0 0 0 3 2 1 18
TextFontName=Perpetua
KaraokeFontAttrib=-19 0 0 0 700 0 0 0 0 3 2 1 49
KaraokeFontName=Courier New
...
1.9
Notepad Editor
GNMIDI will write some results in text files and display them with the Windows text editor Notepad.
This editor can not handle very big files.
Alternatives
There exist text editors which are compatible with Notepad and have more facilities than Notepad
and less limitations
e.g: Notepad2 (Freeware), Notepad++
In internet you could find descriptions how to replace Windows Notepad.exe completely against
some other trustable software.
GNMIDI.INI setting to use an other text editor than Notepad:
[Settings]
TextEditor=c:\utils\notepad2.exe
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
9
1.10
GNMIDI
GNMIDI support
GNMIDI homepage
http://www.gnmidi.com (Canada)
http://www.gnmidi.at (Austria)
the homepage contains newest GNMIDI demo.
Within 2 years registered users may update to a newer GNMIDI version without costs:
Download newest GNMIDI demo in chosen language and install it into your current
GNMIDI folder or into a new folder.
Questions about GNMIDI
email: info@gnmidi.com
phone: there is no phone support available.
Bug reports, comments, suggestions, spelling errors in software and help manual are welcome.
Support for registered users
email: support@gnmidi.com
Report abuses
email: abuse@gnmidi.com
2
GNMIDI user interface
2.1
The principles of using GNMIDI
Operations
GNMIDI consist of many operations. Some can be applied any time and most others must be applied
to an open MIDI document.
The operations can be found in the menus and some important have icons on a toolbar. The menu or
toolbar item is grayed if the operation is currently not available. Use File Open operation to load a MIDI
file.
Document windows
Most GNMIDI operations don't modify your original files. Every time when you apply an operation to a
MIDI file document then a new temporary file will be created in a temporary folder and opened in a
new window. It is necessary to save the file after testing the result (by playing the file). Click on a
window caption to activate the document, the window will get into front. You can close unnecessary
windows of unused intermediate results when a work is done.
Drag and Drop
GNMIDI can open MIDI files by drag and drop method. Open Windows Explorer and GNMIDI and
select MIDI files in Windows Explorer and drag them with pressed left mouse button into the GNMIDI
application and drop them (release left mouse button).
Menus
The menu at top of application offers to start available commands. Use the underlined menu
shortcut keys for quicker use of a command.
Dialogs
Many operations require parameters that will be offered in a dialog and they must be entered so that
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI user interface
10
GNMIDI will do exactly what you want. When a dialog appears you should look at the current
parameter settings and modify them if necessary. Use the mouse buttons to click on the dialog
controls and use keyboard to enter text into edit boxes. At end you can accept the parameters and
start the operation with OK button or you can abort the dialog and operation with Cancel button.
Tool bars
Toolbars contain many symbols that can be clicked with left mouse button. Move the mouse over a
symbol to display a tool tip that tells what it does and show a description in status bar. Toolbars can
be moved to other positions.
Status bar
Status bar shows important messages on the left side and tells your name if you are using the
registered software.
Hot keys
Some important operations can be started with a key combination. The menu entry shows the key
code near the operation name. For key combinations you need to press more keys at same time
(usually Alt or Ctrl or Shift key together with a letter key).
F1
Space
Ctrl-Space
Ctrl-A
Ctrl-I
Ctrl-K
Ctrl-Z
Ctrl-R
Alt-X
Ctrl-O
Ctrl-S
Ctrl-E
Alt-F4
Ctrl-F4
Help
Play or stop playing
Play with standard MIDI player
Start entertainment player
Player status information
Karaoke editor
Synchronizing editor
MIDI Recorder
Sysex transfer
Open MIDI file
Save MIDI file
Edit text
Exit
Close MIDI file
Hint: Ctrl key might be Strg key on your keyboard
Batch conversion
Some important operations can be applied to a folder full of MIDI files. The operations are listed in
File menu under Batch conversion. The results are stored in a destination folder using same file
names.
Backup original MIDI files
Many operations are not reversible. Keep backup of original MIDI files before you are overwriting
your original files!
2.2
Information displayed in a MIDI document window
The upper part of a MIDI document window contains following information if a standard MIDI
file or a MP3 file is loaded:
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
11
GNMIDI
Here is the explanation of fields:
Filename:
the full pathname of the MIDI file, it is a path into the Windows temporary folder
and filename starts with new00 if the file is temporary (not saved yet).
Filesize:
the number of bytes in this file
MIDI Version:
the version (also called MIDI format or MIDI type) is a number between 0 and 2.
Version 0 MIDI file has only one track that contains all MIDI commands of all
channels sorted by time.
Version 1 MIDI file has more tracks, where first track is reserved for conductor and
all other tracks should only contain one channel.
Version 2 MIDI file has more tracks, where each track is a new song.
MIDI tracks:
The number of tracks in the MIDI file. Each track can contain MIDI commands.
MIDI resolution:
The resolution tells about the smallest possible note and pause steps in the song.
24 units per beat means that the smallest note length would be a 1/96 note.
Song time:
The total time of the song in minutes:seconds:milliseconds (from beginning till last
end of track)
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI user interface
12
Play time:
The total play time of the song in minutes:seconds:milliseconds (from beginning till
last event in the song)
MIDI initial tempo:
The tempo that is used at start of the song, it is 120 beats per minute if no tempo
is specified by the song.
MIDI copyright:
Copyright text of the MIDI publisher.
MIDI lyrics:
tells if lyrics are inside the song and which format it uses (karaoke words, lyrics,
other).
Track list:
Each track can contain MIDI commands (channel number is shown in [] if the track has
exactly one channel), a track title. A GM instrument name is shown that is used in
this song (if the file will be played with a General MIDI device).
Window settings can extend this short track info to verbose track info, which tells
also other initial parameters that are used in this track.
Text:
Lyric:
Marker:
Other:
The song can contain text information of different kind. This information is
collected here for each of these types.
More fields are shown when extra information is added by the user e.g. artist, song title, melody
channel, transpose value, rating, comment.
The buttons Full/Middle/Karaoke may be used to move the splitter of this window to a position that the
upper information part is fully visible or the bottom karaoke part is fully visible or both parts are visible.
There are also options in menu window available.
There is an option in menu settings to show verbose track information.
The text can be copied to clipboard (Ctrl-C) or to a text editor (Ctrl-E).
The MIDI document window contains following information if a text file generated by MIDI to
ASCII text conversion is loaded:
// C:\gnmixer\liebessp.mid
mthd
version 1 // several tracks with separated channels to play all at once
// 13 tracks
unit 24 // is 1/4
end mthd
mtrk // track 1
/* U0 */ /* 0ms */
/* U0 */ /* 0ms */
/* U0 */ /* 0ms */
/* U0 */ /* 0ms */
/* U0 */ /* 0ms */
8279; /* U8279 */
end mtrk
...
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
trackname "Liebesspieler (Die Toten Hosen)"
copyright "(c) 1990 Die Toten Hosen"
marker "sequenced 1998 by GN"
tact 4 / 4 24 8
beats 100.00000 /* 600000 microsec/beat */
/* 206975ms */
13
2.3
GNMIDI
Karaoke display
Load a karaoke file (.kar, MIDI with text or lyrics or markers) and play the song with internal player.
The bottom half of the MIDI document window displays the karaoke song text. During playing the
position of the current song text is moved into visible area and the current syllable/word is colored blue.
Hint:
you can resize the karaoke display by moving the splitter directly above.
Hint:
you can maximize the karaoke display area by clicking left mouse button taste when you are over the
black area on the splitter (cursor will change when your mouse is over this part). The splitter will be
moved to top and clicking again in this area will set the original size of the upper window area.
Hint:
You can change the karaoke text font in menu Window and view syllable breaks (-) in menu
Settings.
Hint:
Chords of some known chord formats are displayed a line above song text.
Hint:
If chords should never be displayed above lyrics, they can be turned off in text file GNMIDI.ini with
following setting:
[Settings]
SupportChordDisplay=0
Hint:
The chord font size can be specified percentually relative to song text font size in file GNMIDI.ini with
following setting:
[Settings]
ChordTextPercent=80
Hint:
The colors used for background, song text and chord text can be defined in file GNMIDI.ini with
following settings:
[Settings]
BackgroundColor=ffffff
ChordSelectedTextColor=00ff00
ChordTextColor=0000ff
LyricTextColor=000000
LyricSelectedTextColor=ff0000
The color values are hexadecimal values representing red green blue (rrggbb) as used in HTML
pages. Searching for words ""HTML colors" in internet you will find many pages that contain color
tables where you can read the corresponding color value. The free graphic software gimp displays
the color values in color chooser. There is also an online application for choosing a color (get hex
value).
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI user interface
14
Hint:
Some chord formats use special characters to identify chords e.g. [Cm] {Cm} (Cm) %Cm "Cm".
During karaoke lyrics display this special characters are not displayed (only Cm will be displayed).
use following setting to display the original chord text:
[Settings]
DisplayOriginalChordFormat=1
Hint:
in menu Settings there is an option to turn on/off display of a bouncing ball (during karaoke display
the ball is bouncing from syllable to syllable)
Warning: This option requires much computer power. Do not use this option during live
performance.
2.4
Menu
Following items are in the menu bar at top:
Alt-F
File menu
Alt-A
Analyse menu
Alt-C
Convert menu
Alt-M
Modify menu
Alt-P
Player menu
Alt-S
Settings menu
Alt-W
Window menu
Alt-H
Help menu
The main items can also be opened by keystrokes Alt+underlined character.
The submenu items can be selected by the up and down arrow keys or by pressing the underlined
character in the menu item text.
A popup menu item can also be opened by right arrow key.
Some menu items contain a key shortcut in its menu title, this key combination can be used to start the
operation directly.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
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2.4.1
GNMIDI
File menu
New
Create a new empty MIDI file
Open...
Open an existing MIDI file.
Browse ...
Display folder content
Edit
open a text editor for exporting MIDI information or to edit a MIDI file that is converted to ASCII text.
MIDI song description
show and modify song description (author, title, rating, style etc.)
Close
Close active MIDI information window and stop MIDI song if this song is currently playing.
Save
Save modified song and overwrite the file
Save As ...
Save or rename song to a new filename and location
Delete
Erase current MIDI file
Copy information
copy MIDI information into clipboard
Print Lyrics
print song text
Batch conversion
apply operations to whole MIDI folder
Exit
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI user interface
Exit
close the application
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
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2.4.2
GNMIDI
Analyse menu
Calculate maximum note polyphony
Calculates maximum number of notes playing at same time in a MIDI song
Check and Repair MIDI
Checks if the MIDI file is standard MIDI compatible (.mid) and tries to repair corrupt MIDI files.
Check all MIDI files ...
Check validity of all MIDI files in a folder
Check Note range for natural instruments
check for some sound instruments if notes are used in a realistic range
Compare against a second MIDI file
shows differences between two similar MIDI files
Compare all MIDI files
compare MIDI files in two folders to find identical or similar MIDI files
Find text in MIDI and MP3 files ...
search text in MIDI files
Guess Chords
chord analysation for whole song
Guess song scale/key
calculate song key for a score sheet
MIDI Calculator ...
Calculate MIDI song positions
MIDI settings map
song parameters landscape
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI user interface
Remove hanging notes
stop notes that are not stopped and play forever
Tempo calculator ...
calculate bpm tempo of a song by clicking to the song rhythm
Seek long pauses in song
finds positions in MIDI song where longer pauses start
Seek long notes in song
finds notes in MIDI song with long durations
Seek parts with notes
seeks in all channels for parts that play notes
Show used keys of song
display song key changes used in MIDI song.
Show tempo changes
displays positions and tempo of all tempo changes in the MIDI song.
Text positions in song
displays text information contained in the MIDI song and their positions
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19
2.4.3
GNMIDI
Convert menu
Change MIDI format
Change MIDI format 0 to 1 or reverse
RIFF MIDI to Standard MIDI
Extract MIDI file from a .rmi file
Generate MIDI Medley
Combine MIDI files to one MIDI song (medley).
Karaoke to MIDI with lyrics
Converts MIDI files that contain song text to MIDI formats that can be displayed with certain
keyboard displays and software.
MIDI with lyrics to Karaoke (.kar)
Converts MIDI files that contain song text to .kar format
Compress MIDI
Decreases MIDI file size without changing the musical content.
MIDI to ASCII text
Converts binary MIDI file to a readable text
ASCII text back to MIDI
Converts modified text generated by MIDI to ASCII text operation back to MIDI file
Reverse MIDI song (mirror)
Generates a MIDI song that allows to play a MIDI song reverse (from end to beginning)
MIDI to RTTTL (ring tones) ...
convert MIDI melody to a phone ring tone in RTTTL format
RTTTL to MIDI
convert RTTTL phone ring tones into a MIDI file.
MIDI to Parsons code ...
convert MIDI melody to Parsons code (for identifying a melody)
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GNMIDI user interface
20
Initialize GM/GS/XG/GM2 mode
adds a reset mode sysex command or converts MIDI file to General MIDI.
Convert MIDI to (.csv) speadsheet
converts MIDI data into a table that can be viewed and modified using spreadsheet applications
Convert (.csv) spreadsheet to MIDI file
converts modified table back to MIDI file.
Prepare Casio Lightning
modifies song that a Casio LK keyboard lights keys for melody and bass
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2.4.4
GNMIDI
Modify menu
Controller operations
Note operations
Sound operations
Tempo operations
Volume operations
Delete chords
Chords editor ...
modify or insert or delete chords
Copy part of MIDI
Copies or deletes a part from a MIDI song
Clone channel...
Copies all commands of an existing channel to a new channel with optional delay
Sort track order
change the order of tracks
Trim delay at end of song
Deletes pauses behind ending of last note
Map channel numbers ...
renumber the MIDI channels
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI user interface
Humanize MIDI
add small random timing errors to a MIDI song
Change MIDI resolution (PPQ)
recalculate MIDI file to a new MIDI resolution
Generate setup measure ...
add a setup measure in front of MIDI song that initializes parameters
Delete tracks
remove selected MIDI tracks
MIDI file copyright
display existing copyright info or add a new copyright notice.
MIDI file secret copyright
show or add secret copyright information
Edit MIDI track titles
change track titles
Edit Text ...
Modify song text and markers and track titles
Karaoke editor ...
Synchronize song text syllables to melody notes
Synchronizing editor ...
Synchronize song text line by line in real time during playing
Insert empty measure
insert an empty measure of given length
Fit improvisation to score sheet
maps free recorded song with help of some markers to bar positions
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2.4.4.1
GNMIDI
Controller operations submenu
Generate rhythmic controller values
Add rhythmic controllers that change linear or randomly
Quantize pedal controllers to on/off ...
modify pedal controllers between 0 and 127 to values on or off
Modify controller values by expressions ...
changes controller values by self defined rules
Filter MIDI commands ...
delete selected MIDI command types
Clean MIDI song
delete and sort some commands
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI user interface
2.4.4.2
24
Note operations submenu
Transpose notes (note shift) ...
transpose notes by some half tones up or down
Replace Notes ...
replace note numbers by other notes
Stretch note duration ...
increase note duration by percentage or incrementing length
Delete duplicate notes
remove duplicate notes that are playing at same time
Split channel into lower and upper half
split notes of a channel into left and right hand
Monophon channels
reduce note polyphony for all channels to single note at a time
Quantise notes ...
align positions and note durations
Cripple notes
encrypt MIDI file that makes it difficult to print score sheet.
Map notes to scale ...
modify notes that do not match a given scale
2.4.4.3
Sound operations submenu
Set sound program ...
assign a new sound for a MIDI channel
Prepare sound program for PianoDisc
convert to MIDI format 0 and set special piano sound for PianoDisc system that the piano keys play
magically
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GNMIDI
Separate drum instruments
move each drum instrument into separate track
Separate notes by programs
move each instrument into a separate track
2.4.4.4
Tempo operations submenu
Count-in tempo
count-in tempo by adding some drum beats
Remove Count-in notes
removes drum notes at beginning of song that are used only for counting in tempo
Set Tempo (bpm) ...
set new constant tempo or change tempo by percentage
Set tempo and adjust pauses to keep speed ...
Set tempo by changing pause times
Generate a tempo slide ...
increase or decrease tempo steadily
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI user interface
2.4.4.5
Volume operations submenu
[in menu Modify]
Fade in or out
Fade a MIDI song at beginning or end
Change Volume
change volume or note velocities by percentage
Mute voices
Mute channels or tracks that you want play or sing self
Mute melody
mute melody voice to play it self on keyboard or replace it by a singer
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2.4.5
GNMIDI
Player menu
Play
play current MIDI song with internal MIDI player
Entertainment
play random MIDI or MP3 files for entertainment
Play with standard MIDI player
play current MIDI song with your favourite MIDI player
Player status information
get information about playing and navigate the internal MIDI player
Reset MIDI device
initialize MIDI device by playing an initialization MIDI file
Stop
stops the internal MIDI player (toggles between play and stop)
Pause
Pause or continue playing current MIDI song
Backward
Continue to play 30 seconds before current MIDI song position
Forward
Continue to play 30 seconds after current MIDI song position
Create new play list
starts play list editing application playlist.exe where you can add songs and store the list in a .lst text
file
Open a play list
Choose a play list file (file extension *.lst). Reads the song list from the text file and opens a
document that shows all valid entries. Errors are displayed if file is not found or file format is invalid
or songs are not exising. First song is selected in the play list.
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GNMIDI user interface
28
Select previous song in play list
Selects the song before the current selected song. If first song was selected then the last song will
be selected and brought into view. The operation is available if current active document is a play list
or if there is only a single play list document open. Use key combination ctrl+left arrow.
Select next song in play list
Selects the song after the current selected song. If the last song was selected then the first song will
be selected and brought into view. The operation is available if current active document is a play list
or if there is only a single play list document open. Use key combination ctrl+right arrow.
Play next song in play list
If the current selected song in the play list is currently playing then the song will be stopped and the
next song will be selected and played. Use key combination shift + space. If the current selected
song is not playing then this song will be played. The operation is available if current active
document is a play list or if there is only a single play list document open.
MIDI Recorder ...
record MIDI song via MIDI cable from an external MIDI device
Sysex transfer ...
transfer Sysex (dump) commands through MIDI cable to or from a MIDI device.
2.4.5.1
Reset midi device submenu
General MIDI (GM)
plays GM reset sysex or a user defined reset MIDI file
General Midi2 (GM2)
plays GM2 reset sysex or a user defined reset MIDI file
Roland GS
plays GS reset sysex or a user defined reset MIDI file
Yamaha XG
plays XG reset sysex or a user defined reset MIDI file
Initialize
plays initialization MIDI commands or a user defined reset MIDI file
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2.4.6
GNMIDI
Settings menu
prepare MIDI song before playing
Choose options to prepare your MIDI files before they are played (common volume, device mode
initialization ...).
reset device after each song
Choose this option to send SOS MIDI commands whenever MIDI playing stops
Reset output device now
Sends SOS MIDI commands to current output device to stop playing of any notes now .
MIDI Output ...
Select an output device for playing MIDI.
MIDI Input ...
Select an input device for recording MIDI.
Start song automatically
play song file automatically when opening file or dropping file above application window.
MIDI file compression
Use standard MIDI file compression at save operation (suggested).
Combine note on/off pairs during CSV conversion
generates at conversion separate NoteOn and NoteOff lines or a Note line for each pair
Verbose track info
display short or verbose track info
Show Syllables
displays syllable breaks in karaoke text e.g. in-for-ma-ti-on
Show bouncing ball
in karaoke display a ball bounces from syllable to syllable (Warning: this option uses much computer
power, do not use it during live performance)
Follow Lyrics
the option must be checked that the lyrics are highlighted during song playing (in karaoke display)
Use big toolbars
toggle between using big or small toolbar buttons (default is using big toolbar buttons for big screen
resolution)
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI user interface
2.4.7
Window menu
New window
Opens another window with same content
Cascade
Windows are moved so that one overlaps the other.
Tile
Windows are moved one beside the other
Arrange Icons
Minimized windows are arranged to get better overview
Close all windows
Quickly close all windows without saving changes
Player Toolbar
Hides or shows player dockable toolbar
Status Bar
Hides or shows status bar at bottom of application
Choose Text Font ...
text font used in MIDI information window
Choose Karaoke Font ...
text font used in karaoke display
Choose Synchronisation editor font ...
select a font and font size for displaying lyric lines in synchronisation editor dialog
Choose Karaoke editor list font ...
select a font and font size for displaying lyric syllables in karaoke editor dialog
Choose Karaoke editor preview font ...
select a font and font size for displaying preview lyrics in karaoke editor dialog
Maximize information window
splits the current window so that only the upper information part is visible
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31
GNMIDI
Maximize karaoke window
splits the current window so that only the bottom karaoke part is visible
Split karaoke and information window
splits the window into half so that both karaoke and information parts are visible
Window list
Shows list of currently open document windows, the active document is checked. Selecting a
document window will bring it into front and activate it.
2.4.8
Help menu
About GNMIDI ...
displays copyright and version number
Documentation
open help document for current topic (key F1 can be used)
GNMIDI Homepage
goes directly to http://www.gnmidi.com (here you can download newer program versions)
Check updates
opens a web page at http://www.gnmidi.com that checks if there is an update version available.
For registered users it also checks if there is a newer update that the purchased license does not
include.
Display recent news ...
opens a web page in your browser with the latest news about GNMIDI
Purchase license ...
order a single user license for using GNMIDI
Tip of the day ...
read some useful hints about using this software
Open log file ...
GNMIDI writes a log file with information which commands were used and errors and warnings if
something happened.
This file can be viewed in a text editor using this operation.
Request access code for this computer
When you have installed a full license this option might appear to register the current computer for
use with this license.
This counts the number of computers used with your license file (max. 5 computers for a license).
Requesting an access code can be done online (webpage) or offline (by email).
GNMIDI might ask self for entering the request code some weeks after your order.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
3
GNMIDI operations
3.1
Batch operations for favourite operations
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33
GNMIDI
A batch operation is an operation that is applied to all MIDI files in a MIDI folder (including all sub
folders).
Operations usable for batch execution
Menu File contains item Batch conversion that displays the menu of currently available operations.
When no MIDI document window is open then the menu and the toolbar displays only batch
operations.
Steps
1. a dialog to fill required parameters for the operation appears and must be filled and completed
with OK (this does not occur if the operation has no parameters). It is the same dialog that
appears when performing the operation on a single MIDI document.
2. a source folder must be chosen that contains the original files that should be converted. Select
folder from previous operations using drop down combo box.
3. a destination folder must be chosen (the folder must exist and should be empty), use create
new folder to create a new folder (some operations don't need a destination folder when they
don't generate output files e.g. Check all MIDI files). Select folder from previous operations
using drop down combo box.
4. You will be asked if the conversion should be started, continue with Yes or cancel the
operation with No. You should check if the displayed path information is correct.
5. batch execution starts after the above steps are accepted with OK or yes buttons.
6. The batch conversion displays the operation and current source and destination file. The batch
conversion can be aborted when needed.
7. At completion of the batch conversion a text file will be displayed (with Notepad editor) with
important information about certain file conversions (e.g. errors, warnings, information). You
should take care about the information, and you can save or print the text file with Notepad
editor.
8. The destination folder contains the resulting files with same names at successful
conversion (some operations might change file extension automatically e.g. MIDI -> Text
renames to *.txt).
Hint: The source MIDI folder must be different to the destination MIDI folder, this operation writes the
resulting files into a new folder instead of overwriting your files. Never try to convert from a folder
into same folder, this could destroy your MIDI files!
Hint: Choose a destination drive that has enough free disk space, else the operation might not
complete successfully.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
34
Demo limitation
the unregistered program demo (for testing only) limits the number of conversion for a batch
operation. The registered program has no conversion limitation.
Functions
Check all MIDI files
Compare all MIDI files
Rename file names to their song title
Rename track names to their MIDI filename
Compress MIDI files
Convert all ASCII text files back to MIDI
Convert all MIDI files to ASCII text
Convert all MIDI files to MIDI format 0
Convert all MIDI files to MIDI format 1
Convert all Karaoke to MIDI with lyrics
Add GM/XG/GS/GM2 initialization to all MIDI files
Fade all MIDI files
Filter MIDI commands in all MIDI files
Change volume of all MIDI files
Change midi resolution (PPQ) in all MIDI files
Copy part of all MIDI files into new files
Guess chords in all MIDI files
Map channel numbers in all MIDI files
Modify controller values in all MIDI files
Replace notes in all MIDI files
Remove chords in all MIDI files ...
Separate drum instruments in all MIDI files
Separate notes by programs in all MIDI files
Set common volume in all MIDI files
Sound setup for Pianodisc in all MIDI files
Trim mute end of song in all MIDI files
3.2
Open a MIDI file
A file dialog starts and you can choose the folder location and name of the MIDI file. Use the directory
list and filename list to find it. Once you have specified an existing file, the MIDI information will
automatically be analyzed and shown in a new window with filename as title.
If the MIDI song contains karaoke text then the information window has two parts:
· upper part shows MIDI information
· lower part shows karaoke song text.
Both are separated by a splitter, which you can move up or down with left mouse button to get more
space for upper or lower part.
splitter
It is also possible to open a text file that contains readable MIDI text (generated by
MIDI to ASCII converter).
This text will be shown in the window. If the text is very large then it is cut at end, use Ctrl-E to display
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
35
GNMIDI
the full text with notepad editor or open the text with a text editor that can handle huge text files.
A vertical scroll bar on right side of window is available if the information in the windows is larger than
the display size. You can scroll the text up and down with mouse and on some systems with a wheel
mouse. A horizontal scroll bar on bottom of the window is available if the information width is larger
than the
window.
If the file is not a MIDI file or if the MIDI file is corrupt then an error message is shown instead of the
MIDI file information. Try to repair the MIDI file.
The file menu contains also the list of recent loaded files, this can be used to reopen one of these
files quickly.
Importing other file formats
.kar
Karaoke files (.kar) are valid standard MIDI files, so just open them as MIDI files.
.rmi
RIFF MIDI files are multimedia archives, which can contain one or more MIDI songs. Using Open MIDI
file will only import first standard MIDI song.
.st3
Karaoke files in format .st3 (only version 4.5 files supported) can be imported to MIDI song with song
text.
.txt
Text files converted by function MIDI to ASCII text can be displayed and then converted back into MIDI
file. Big files will not be displayed completely, use a text editor that can display and edit big text files
instead.
.rtttl
small text files that contain ringing tones in format RTTTL will be displayed in a window. Such a file can
be converted using function RTTTL to MIDI if content is valid RTTTL format.
.mp3
ID3 tag Information of a MP3 music file will be displayed in information window. Available MP3 song
text is displayed in karaoke window.
A few operations can be applied to MP3 music files with GNMIDI (e.g. play, entertain, synchronize
lyrics, find text).
.mp3 lyrics are not loaded if
· ID3v2 block is missing
· ID3v2 data is not correctly formatted according to ID3v2 specification
· lyrics data is encrypted (rarely used)
· lyrics data is compressed (rarely used)
3.3
Close a MIDI file
You can close a MIDI document window at any time, even if the song is currently playing. When
closing new generated or modified MIDI files (marked with a * in title) then the program asks if you
want to save it
Yes
will ask for a filename
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
36
No
does not save and removes the MIDI
Cancel
the window will remain open
If you want to close all MIDI files without saving modified ones then use Close all windows in
window menu. Save your important modified files before exiting the software!
Each document window has a close button on right top of its caption that can also used for closing the
MIDI document window.
3.4
Play a MIDI file
Play command will start the internal MIDI player for the MIDI file in window that currently has the focus
(this window has a highlighted caption). It will automatically stop playing the file when closing the file or
starting a new play command.
Space key starts playing the song.
With menu settings you can turn on options that the MIDI song will be prepared for your device before
playing.
With menu settings you can also select the output device that should play this song.
Player status window displays information about playing and contains buttons to navigate.
Hint: since version 2.48 GNMIDI uses an own internal MIDI player (the one that is also used by
GNMixer) instead of the formerly used Microsoft MCI player to play MIDI files. If you want to use
again the MCI player (for whatever reason) you can set this back with following gnmidi.ini setting:
[Settings]
PlayerUseMCI=1
Hint: since version 2.48 GNMIDI can also play MP3 songs (through Microsoft MCI) and display
synchronized song text.
3.5
Stop the MIDI song player
The stop command stops the MIDI song currently played by the internal MIDI player.
It does not stop an external MIDI player (for this use the stop command on your external player).
Space key stops current song playing.
3.6
Save a MIDI file
Save
The save command must be used to store a new generated or modified MIDI file.
During editing modified files are kept in a
temporary files folder and will be deleted when
closing the application if they were not saved.
Save As ...
The save as command is used to store the file with a new name or to an other folder. It will ask for
choosing the new file name and location.
Hint:
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GNMIDI
Working folder changes after Save As operation when a new location is selected. For copying files to a
slow drive (e.g. floppy disk) better use Windows Explorer than Save As because future operations
might access the slow drive and that could slow down the work speed unnecessarily.
3.7
Change MIDI format
This operation converts MIDI format (also called version or type) from 0 to 1 or 1 to 0.
Format 0:
all MIDI commands are in a single track and sorted by time. Some devices only support this file
format.
Format 1:
MIDI commands are assigned to more tracks, each track should have not more than one channel.
First track is reserved to conductor.
Convert all MIDI files to MIDI format 0:
These conversions are also available as batch conversion.
The MIDI information window tells the file format of the MIDI file.
3.8
Check and repair a MIDI file
[in menu Analyse]
The operation checks the MIDI file against the Standard MIDI file format. For a valid MIDI file it will
display the message
MIDI file has valid standard MIDI format. Repair not needed.
When opening a corrupt MIDI file an error message will be displayed in the MIDI information window.
The operation can repair common MIDI file problems (e.g. invalid command parameters, truncated
MIDI file), but it can not repair severe errors (e.g. if lost data at beginning of file) and repairing might
lose data.
The operation is also available as batch operation.
3.9
Convert RIFF MIDI (.rmi) to standard MIDI file (.mid)
This operation is only available when opening a file with extension .rmi (RIFF MIDI file). Those files are
multimedia archives that can contain MIDI documents and other multimedia documents like WAV, AVI.
The conversion extracts a contained MIDI file from the archive.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
3.10
38
Fade a MIDI song
[in menu Modify/Volume operations as fade in or out]
Fade operation increases or decreases volume level at beginning or ending of a MIDI song steadily so
that the loudness fades linear.
The fade dialog occurs and you can choose if you want to fade in (at beginning of song) or fade out (at
end of song). A duration of 10 seconds will be offered and can be changed. By default the volume
changes by inserting increasing/decreasing volume controller (#7), you can choose between 3 different
methods that affect song volume. Usually all channels are faded, choose a channel to operate only on
this channel.
Fade in:
fades from beginning of song for the specified duration (from 0% to 100%, increasing note velocities
).
Fade out:
fades till end of song for the specified duration (from 100% down to 0%, decreasing note velocities).
In Duration field you must enter a valid time in one of following formats:
·
·
·
·
minutes:seconds.milliseconds (e.g. 1:25.300)
minutes:seconds (e.g. 0:10)
seconds.milliseconds (e.g. 5.500)
seconds (e.g. 10)
Method
you can choose one of following kinds of changing volume , we suggest modifying volume controller
· Volume Controller:
· Expression Controller:
· Note Velocities:
MIDI controllers #7 are inserted
MIDI controllers #11 are inserted
Note velocities of each note are adjusted
Hint:
Modifying note velocities can influence voice of instruments on some devices.
Channels:
By default all channels are faded, optionally you can choose a certain channel to fade.
In older versions a more difficult dialog was at this place, this old fade dialog can be reactivated by
entering following lines into gnmidi.ini (only if you really need this old dialog):
[Settings]
SimpleFadeDialog=0
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
39
3.11
GNMIDI
Make a MIDI medley
The MIDI medley operation displays a dialog where you can enter a list of MIDI files. After the list is
ready and sorted in your preferred order press the Medley Button. Then the operation checks MIDI
format of all input files and converts all MIDI files temporarily to format 0. If there are invalid files or files
that are not format 0 or format 1in the list then the operation stops and the first invalid file is opened.
You could try to repair the file. All MIDI files are concatenated to a file containing the songs in a
sequence (medley).
No pauses are removed or inserted. If you want a pause between the songs then insert a small MIDI
song that contains only the pause.
The MIDI medley will be opened as a new document.
The list box remembers recent used filenames, use New Medley button to clear this list when starting
a new medley.
Use Insert MIDI to add one or more files to the song list, the new files will be inserted before selected
entry in the list.
Use Remove MIDI to delete the selected filename from the song list.
Use Move Up and Move Down to sort the list entries.
Align measures between songs
this Option can be selected to insert pause MIDI units that the first bar of next song is correctly
aligned. Otherwise there might be a smaller bar then expected (e.g. 3/4 instead of 4/4).
Add initializations between songs
When the option is checked (default) then controllers and other important MIDI parameters are
added to initialize settings of next song to avoid bad sound if the author of an input file has not
initialized a parameter and in medley value of recent song is used for the next song. This option can
be turned off if you are sure that all necessary MIDI parameters are initialized for each song and
don't conflict. Especially when the result is not used as medley but as one song combined from
several parts, then the extra initializations are not necessary (could cause a small delay).
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
3.12
40
Play MIDI with favorite MIDI player
This operation starts the application that is associated with the file extension of current MIDI file
(usually .mid, could also be .kar). It automatically adds the full location and name of current MIDI
document as first parameter.
Applications can be associated to file extensions with help of Windows Explorer.
The external player can be started with Ctrl+Space key.
3.13
Change Volume (or Note velocities)
[in menu Modify/Volume operations]
You can choose between modifying volume by volume controllers or note velocities. You can change
original values percentually or set them to a new constant value.
Hint: Prefer modifying volume controllers but if the volume controllers are already at maximum level
then only way might be to increase note velocities.
Percentage
Enter a percentage between 0% and 1000%. Percentage 100% does not change volume.
Value
Enter a value between 0 and 127. Value 0 is not allowed for setting note velocities, this value has a
reserved meaning in MIDI.
Channels
Optionally choose a channel between 1 and 16 or all channels (default is all channels).
Turn off "adjust volume to common level" option in menu settings, when you test the volume changes
with GNMIDI player, since this option will automatically adjust volume of played song to a common
level.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
41
3.14
GNMIDI
Copy part from a MIDI file
Copy part
This operation copies a part of the MIDI song into a new MIDI file.
The range start-end will be copied into a new MIDI file. Notes that play at start or end position will be
cut to a smaller note inside the new range. Settings are not removed, so the part will play with
original settings. Duplicate controller settings before the start position are combined. Pitchbend
commands before start are combined.
Remove part
This operation deletes a part of the MIDI song.
Notes and lyrics that are fully inside middle part are deleted, notes overlapping middle range are
shortened, pauses in middle part are deleted. Controllers, Pitchbend inside the middle part are kept
and optimized so that the settings necessary for playing right part correctly are not lost.
Time units:
Choose one of the 3 position formats for specifying start and ending of the cut range. Usually real
time is wanted.
Realtime (mm:ss.ms)
Time position relative to the beginning of the MIDI song.
You can specify (minutes:seconds:milliseconds (e.g. 3:26.975) or minutes:seconds (e.g. 3:27) or
seconds (e.g. 207).
MIDI units
Precise positions in MIDI file units (a number between 0 and last unit in MIDI song). MIDI units are
smallest usable note length or pause length in a MIDI song (e.g. at song resolution 96 a MIDI unit is
a 1/384 note length).
Beats (quarter notes)
position specified in beats (a number between 0 and last beat in MIDI song) since start of song (a
beat is a quarter note)
Starttime:
Endtime:
Enter start and end position in selected position format.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
3.15
42
Generate control events in rhythmic or random way
[in menu Modify/Controller operations]
This operation adds controllers that behave random or according to a linear rhythmic way. The
parameters specify which controller should be added and how the controller values must behave
during time
e.g.
· increase volume from one position to another
· change balance steadily from left to right and back
· modify expression controller
Controller:
Choose a controller number from the list. Controller commands of this kind will be generated.
Usually volume or balance controllers are preferred here.
Channel:
choose one channel from the list, the controller commands will be added to this channel.
Track:
track number can be selected optionally (by default all tracks are considered). It could be useful if the
chosen channel number is used by more than one track.
Time:
enter two millisecond values to generate controllers only within a certain time range (default is full
MIDI song time range). Second value must be greater than first one (e.g. 30000-60000 is range
between second 30 and 60).
Step time (ms):
specifies the delay between two generated controllers (two steps) in milliseconds. When the value is
small then huge count of controllers might be generated.
Value range:
Controller values must be in range 0-127. Optionally you can force the generated controller values to
be in an other value range (e.g. 64 - 80).
Init value:
Specify the initial controller value that should be generated at start.
Increment:
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GNMIDI
Specify an incremental value if the controller values should be increased or decreased by a value.
Random:
Check that option if the values should be generated by random instead of linear incrementation.
Max:
Random generated values maximum difference to previous generated value. This value restricts the
random distance to the next generated value.
Direction:
· increasing next value is calculated by adding the increment value
· decreasing next value is calculated by subtracting the increment value
· random
next value is calculated by adding or subtracting the increment value
Loop:
· no loop
stop generating values when the next generated value would exceed the value
range
· loop cycle
when value exceeds value range then restart with initial value again
· loop up and down when value exceeds value range in one direction then continue in reverse
direction
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
3.16
Show short or verbose track information
With this option you can choose between short or large information about MIDI tracks that will be
displayed in each MIDI information window.
This option is inside window menu.
short track information
A short track information line contains
track number [channel number]: "track title" (initial program)
Track
Track
Track
Track
Track
Track
Track
Track
Track
Track
Track
Track
Track
1 [no channel]: "Liebesspieler (Die Toten Hosen)"
2 [no channel]: "Soft Karaoke"
3 [no channel]: "Words"
4 [1]: "Melody" (Acordion)
5 [3]: "whistling" (Whistle)
6 [4]: "horse running" (WoodBlok)
7 [5]: "choir" (AahChoir)
8 [6]: "solo guitar" (Distortd)
9 [10]: "Drums" (GM Drums)
10 [12]: "Bass" (FngrBass)
11 [13]: "Western guitar" (SteelGtr)
12 [14]: "Western Guitar 2" (NylonGtr)
13 [15]: "Mute guitar" (MuteGtr)
Example:
Track 4 [1]: "Melody" (Acordion)
that means: track number is 4, contains only one channel with number 1,
track title is "Melody" and initial program (sound) is Accordion.
verbose track information
A verbose track information contains
track number:
channel: channel number
Name: "track title"
Program: sound program
Volume: volume (0-127)
Balance: balance (0=left, 64=middle, 127=right)
chorus: chorus effect level (0-127)
reverb: reverb effect level (0-127)
notes: deepest and highest note used (note range size in half tones)
Track 1:
channel: no channel
Name: "Liebesspieler (Die Toten Hosen)"
Track 2:
channel: no channel
Name: "Soft Karaoke"
Track 3:
channel: no channel
Name: "Words"
Track 4:
channel: 1
Name: "Melody"
Program: Acordion
Volume: 127 (0=mute,127=full)
Balance: 64 (0=left, 64=mid, 127=right)
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
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45
GNMIDI
chorus: 14 (0-127)
reverb: 42 (0-127)
notes: g#5 - e6 (9)
Track 5:
channel: 3
Name: "whistling"
Program: Whistle
Volume: 70 (0=mute,127=full)
Balance: 97 (0=left, 64=mid, 127=right)
chorus: 14 (0-127)
reverb: 42 (0-127)
notes: g#6 - b7 (16)
Track 6:
channel: 4
Name: "horse running"
Program: WoodBlok
Volume: 90 (0=mute,127=full)
Balance: 93 (0=left, 64=mid, 127=right)
chorus: 14 (0-127)
reverb: 42 (0-127)
notes: g#4 - c#5 (6)
Track 7:
channel: 5
Name: "choir"
Program: AahChoir
Volume: 80 (0=mute,127=full)
Balance: 30 (0=left, 64=mid, 127=right)
chorus: 14 (0-127)
reverb: 42 (0-127)
notes: g#5 - e6 (9)
Track 8:
channel: 6
Name: "solo guitar"
Program: Distortd
Volume: 90 (0=mute,127=full)
Balance: 38 (0=left, 64=mid, 127=right)
chorus: 56 (0-127)
reverb: 113 (0-127)
notes: b4 - b5 (13)
Track 9:
channel: 10
Name: "Drums"
Program: GM Drums
Volume: 111 (0=mute,127=full)
chorus: 0 (0-127)
notes: c3 - a4 (22)
Track 10:
channel: 12
Name: "Bass"
Program: FngrBass
Volume: 95 (0=mute,127=full)
Balance: 64 (0=left, 64=mid, 127=right)
chorus: 0 (0-127)
reverb: 0 (0-127)
notes: d#2 - g#3 (18)
Track 11:
channel: 13
Name: "Western guitar"
Program: SteelGtr
Volume: 77 (0=mute,127=full)
Balance: 85 (0=left, 64=mid, 127=right)
chorus: 56 (0-127)
reverb: 56 (0-127)
notes: g#3 - c#6 (30)
Track 12:
channel: 14
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
46
Name: "Western Guitar 2"
Program: NylonGtr
Volume: 86 (0=mute,127=full)
chorus: 42 (0-127)
reverb: 42 (0-127)
notes: d#4 - g#5 (18)
Track 13:
channel: 15
Name: "Mute guitar"
Program: MuteGtr
Volume: 95 (0=mute,127=full)
chorus: 42 (0-127)
reverb: 42 (0-127)
notes: g#3 - c#5 (18)
3.17
Karaoke to MIDI with lyrics
A karaoke MIDI file contains song text in different kind of formats.
This utility converts the song into MIDI format 0 and writes the lyrics in a format that is used by
different keyboard models or software players.
Choose one of following formats, try some of them if you don' t know what your keyboard supports:
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
Cakewalk (4.0 or higher, META lyric commands)
Cakewalk (3.x or higher, META marker commands)
Tune 1000 (standard MIDI lyrics)
Chords above lyrics (two lines for display using fixed fonts like Courier)
Farfisa F5 (sysex commands)
Roland (META lyrics)
Yamaha XF (SL02)
Roland sysex video lyrics
M-Live Wordbox sysex
Casio TV
break lines at max. characters:
Enter a maximum line length (default 40 characters) to limit the line length for certain karaoke
display. Enter 0 if no limit is set (no breaking). Line breaks are inserted when song text lines are
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
47
GNMIDI
longer than this limit, in most cases the line break is done at a space, in rare cases it is done within
word (e.g. when no space near end of limit).
Try different formats for use with your keyboard and choose the best one, start with option Tune 1000
that works with many keyboard displays. Some keyboard displays don't accept longer lines, specify a
maximum line length that GNMIDI automatically breaks the lines into smaller ones.
.kar format
.kar files are MIDI file format 1 files that contain META text commands to store the text in a special
formatting.
This operation can convert .kar files into other lyric formats.
Use Convert MIDI with lyrics to Karaoke MIDI to convert a MIDI file to a MIDI file with .kar formatted
lyrics.
3.18
Convert MIDI with lyrics to Karaoke MIDI
This operation converts a MIDI file that contains song text into a .kar compatible MIDI file. Save the
files with file extension .kar to play them with other karaoke players that support .kar.
The conversion creates a format 1 MIDI file that contains .kar formatted META text commands (line
breaks, paragraphs, karaoke info).
3.19
Trim mute song ending
This operation deletes a pause (that is longer than a second) at end of MIDI song (only pause that is
behind end of last playing note).
Hint: If a MIDI song contains notes that are not stopped correctly (hanging notes) or if a long note at
end of song becomes silent before it is really stopped then this operation is not available, because
there is not really a pause at end of the song (there are still notes not turned off). Use cut operation to
get copy a part of the MIDI song into a new MIDI file.
Hint: The silence at end of the song must be longer than a second that this operation deletes the
pause.
Hint: This operation is available as batch operation.
3.20
Calculate maximum note polyphony
[in menu Analyse]
This operation calculates the maximum number of notes playing at same time (considering influence of
used piano pedals).
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
48
It displays a message box with following info:
· number of notes playing at same time
· time position where this number of notes are playing (hour:minute:second:millisecond)
· MIDI position where this number of notes are playing (in MIDI units)
Notes that are not stopped correctly can increase the calculated maximum note polyphony. If the value
is high and the position is near end of song then you should check if the song contains hanging notes.
3.21
Reset GM, GM2, GS, XG, INIT
These commands play
· a common used standard sysex command (default)
or
· a user defined MIDI file (one for each button).
It is useful to reset the sound card or force it into a certain mode before playing MIDI files, otherwise
certain MIDI devices can react unexpectedly by playing wrong sounds (e.g. drums play piano sound).
The standard sysex commands will work only if your sound device supports GM, GM2, GS or XG
compatible modes.
Read about supported MIDI commands in MIDI implementation chart of your keyboard manual.
INIT
by default INIT button sends MIDI commands that reset common used controllers, pitch bend, sound
programs.
You can redefine the buttons for playing your own initialization MIDI files by modifying GNMIDI.INI file:
[Settings]
GM=drive:\path\filename.mid
GM2=drive:\path\filename.mid
GS=drive:\path\filename.mid
XG=drive:\path\filename.mid
Init=drive:\path\filename.mid
Replace the right sides of = by path of an existing MIDI file, e.g.
GS=c:\gnmidi\gsreset.mid
The content of your user defined initialization MIDI files is not limited by any rules, you can even play
notes in such a file.
3.22
Reset device (SOS)
SOS command sends few MIDI commands to current output device in order to stop playing notes,
reset controllers and settings that future songs will start playing at a defined state.
This command is usually used, if a currently stopped song did not stop all notes.
Hint: This command can be set as player option, so that it SOS will be automatically done after each
stop of player.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
49
3.23
GNMIDI
Prepare MIDI song before playing
These options prepare a MIDI file before it is played with internal or standard MIDI player, selecting
one or more options will play a temporary MIDI file instead of the original MIDI file.
No mode changes
plays the original MIDI file without any initialization or program modifications, except common volume
option that will be considered.
GM only
removes all non-GM MIDI commands (bank controls, sysex) and add GM Reset sysex. This option
is useful for GM compatible MIDI devices that would play GM2, GS or XG MIDI files wrong.
GM reset
adds a GM sysex.
GM2 reset
adds a GM2 sysex.
GS reset
adds a GS sysex.
XG reset
adds a XG sysex.
Common volume
adjust volume level to a common volume level by modifying some controller values.
3.24
Sort tracks in a format 1 MIDI file
This operation is used to change the current order of tracks in a MIDI format 1 file. This is useful when
you need a track at certain position or when your MIDI device can only play few tracks.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
50
The dialog shows current tracks of a MIDI song. Each line contains:
· Original track number: Track 1 etc.
· Track channel number: 1-16 or - (if no channel MIDI events) or multi (if more than one channel
used in this track)
· Track title:
Title "..." or Tempo track or none
· Track initial program: Program ... or none
Move Up
Move Down
select a line and move it up or down. It is not allowed to move track 1 (Tempo track). It is not allowed
to move a track in front of Tempo track. It is not possible to move last track down. The buttons are
disabled in these cases.
3.25
Select MIDI output device for internal MIDI player
Windows system allows to install more than one MCI compatible MIDI devices (sound card, software
synthesizer, external MIDI device connection, ...).
GNMIDI internal player plays MIDI files through the device selected from this list of output devices.
This setting does not affect external MIDI players, they should have their own settings.
MidiMapper
Choose MidiMapper if you want to use the device that is used by Mediaplayer as standard output
device.
3.26
Compress MIDI
This operation tries to compress your MIDI file. The compression does not change your MIDI song
content, it only stores the data more compact if possible. After compression some statistics on
compression are displayed. The compression ratio depends on input, the results can be 10%-15%
smaller than original file size.
A compressed file can't be compressed again, in this case the operation will tell
Compression not necessary
Invalid files can't be compressed:
Operation failed
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
51
3.27
GNMIDI
Humanize MIDI
Use this function to make computer sequenced or generated MIDI songs with exact timing more like
played by human, with little inexactness in timing and key pressure. Try different levels to find a middle
between too exact and too inexact.
humanize timing
produces little random timing errors within the selected level. Timing is limited to remain within 1/16
note of original timing. This affects the position of all commands and notes and duration of notes.
humanize note velocities
varies all note velocities by random within selected level. This affects the key pressure of note on/off
commands, usually this influences notes volume and sound effects.
Level of humanizing
choose a level between 1 and 10, where 3 is soft, 5 is medium, 10 is heavy.
3.28
Transpose MIDI
[in menu Modify/Note operations]
Use this operation e.g. if you need to transpose song notes to the song key of the lead singer.
Transpose operation (also called shift note) transposes note values some half tones up or down.
Increment
Enter a increment number of half tones between -12..+12. Negative values shift notes downward,
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
52
positive values shift notes upward. 12 half tones are an octave.
Channels
Transpose can be applied to
· all channels (1-16)
· all channels except drums (1-9,11-16 assuming GM drum channel 10)
· single channel (1-16)
Usually the operation is applied to all channels except drum channel.
3.29
Map Channel Numbers
This utility renumbers the channel numbers of all MIDI commands. Fill the mapping table for each
channel that you want to renumber.
E.g. map channel 1 to 3 and channel 3 to 1 will exchange current channels 1 and 3.
Hint:
You can map one or more channel numbers at once (exchange their numbers). If more track use
same channel number then changes are done in all these tracks.
This operation is also available for batch application
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
53
3.30
GNMIDI
Guess Chords
[in menu Analyse]
This operation analyzes chords for a MIDI song. It is called "guess" chords because in many situations
there are more than one possible chords and an automatic analysation must decide for probably best
chord.
The chord text format defines how the resulting chord info should be stored inside the resulting MIDI
file. Choose the MIDI commands that are to use and how the chord names should be formatted as
text.
Chord output
· Markers
· Lyrics
· Text
· Harmony notes (produces chord notes instead of named chords)
· Yamaha PSR meta
· M-Live Wordbox sysex
· Pgmusic Inc. Band-in-a-Box
Sharps or Flat keys
· use sharp keys (#)
· use flat keys (b)
e.g. F# is preferred instead of Gb
e.g. Bb is preferred instead of A#
Chord text formatting
· [Cm]
· (Cm)
· {Cm}
· "Cm"
· Cm
· %Cm
(used by Technics KN keyboards)
Chord name formatting
· Cm/CM7
short chord names
· Cmin/Cmaj7
long chord names beginning with lower case letter
· CMin/CMaj7
long chord names beginning with upper case letter
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
· DO/RE7
54
italian chord names (DO, RE, MI, FA, SO, LA, SI)
Frequency
· Each bar (measure)
· twice each bar (half measure)
· each beat (quarter note)
Hint: It is important that the bar information in the MIDI file is correct else notes start at random
positions within a bar and that causes inexact results!
Hint: analyzing chords for each bar usually gives better results than doing it for each beat.
Harmony channel
is only used for chord output Harmony notes, the generated chord notes will be added to this
channel. Harmony notes are used for controlling a vocal harmonizer.
Channels
· all channels except drum channel 10
· single channel 1-16
By default all channels are considered for analyzing (melody, bass, accompaniment, ...) together.
Only the notes matching the given channel will be used for analyzing chords. This might give better
results if the MIDI song already contains a chord notes track (specify the channel of these chord
notes).
Recognized chord types
· Major chords
· minor chords
· sus4
· 9th
· dim
· aug
· 6th
· 7th
· 7Maj
Hint:
If too few notes are available within a bar then the analysation won't guess the chord and the missing
chord will be marked with ? (e.g. [?]). If you want to ignore the [?] marks then add following setting
to the gnmidi.ini file:
[Settings]
GuessChordsSkipFailChord=1
Hint: Missing notes can cause that a chord is not found, e.g. C-G-A won't be recognized as C6 chord
since note E is missing.
Hint: If chords are not recognized (or wrong) because of missing notes then you could add the
complete chord notes in a new track (silent) and repeat chord guessing.
Hint: pitchbending is currently not considered. If a note is changed by pitchbend near to an other note
still the specified note is used for recognition.
Hint: since the chords are generated for a bar, half bar or beat the bar information is essential for
this operation. If bar information is incorrect then notes from previous bar section and next part section
would be used and the mixture of notes cause other and probably wrong recognized chords.
The text events are synchronized to the bar positions. Some MIDI players can show them while
playing (e.g. midimach, GNMIDI, GNMixer).
Wordbox
Wordbox is a MIDI text player from Italian producer M-Live, which transfers song text and chord
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
55
GNMIDI
names through MIDI cable and mainly supports musicians on stage during singing.
Instead of exporting guessed chords directly into a Wordbox compatible format, you can first merge
the chord text enclosed in [...] with song text (choose lyric or text depending on the current used song
text format) and later convert song text including chord names into a Wordbox compatible format. This
has advantage, that the analyzed chord names can be checked and modified if necessary, which can't
be done after exporting them into a Wordbox sysex format using GNMIDI.
Hint: Most chord are stored as readable text, they could be modified with operations like modify text
Other formats are very special for a certain device and can not be modified with GNMIDI. Chords in
format Yamaha PSR meta could be modified with GNMIDI using conversion to ASCII text and back
(there the psr chords look like psrmeta chord "Am").
Band-In-The-Box™
is a famous MIDI Software by company Pgmusic Inc. which uses chords as a key feature during work
with MIDI files. The generated chords usually can only be used with the software products of this
company.
Following setting in gnmidi.ini can be used to force generating of empty chord lead measures:
[Settings]
BIABLeadMeasures=0
Hint:
GNMIDI shows chords of some known chord formats above the song text line and also displays chords
using operations copy and print song lyrics.
3.31
Split Drums
[in menu Modify/Sound operations]
General MIDI drums are always at channel 10. Each note is an other drum instrument. This operation
generates a new track for each used drum instrument and moves the notes into the corresponding
track. Each generated drum track is named by the GM drum instrument.
When loading such a file into a sequencer then the drum tracks have separate lines for each drum
instrument, which is sometimes easier to edit or understand.
3.32
Split Programs
[in menu Modify/Sound operations]
This operation separates all channels that contain more sound program changes into own tracks (one
for each sound program).
The channel number and sound does not change, only the display changes when loading the file into a
sequencer.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
3.33
56
Replace Notes
[in menu Modify/Note operations]
This operation replaces notes numbers that match the given channel number by new channel and new
note number. The translations are entered in a note replacement table which can be stored and
reloaded for future sessions. The table remembers its last content. Each row in the table defines a note
replacement. Replacing is done in order of table entries.
Hint: drum channel contains drum notes where each note number is an other drum instrument. This
operation can be used to convert drum tables between two devices (e.g. keyboard drums to GM
drums)
Hint: set old channel to "any" if you want to replace or delete notes on all channels.
Hint: set new channel to "same" if you don't want to change the channel number against a new channel
number.
Clear
start a new replacement table.
Edit
edit the current selected replacement in an own dialog. Double click with left mouse button on the
line does same.
Append
add a new note replacement at end of table.
Insert
enter a new note replacement before current selected row.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
57
GNMIDI
Delete
deletes current selected row
Load
Previously saved replacement tables (*.rpl files) can be reloaded. You can also edit *.rpl files with
notepad, they are simple text files.
Save
Save your replacement table in a .rpl file that the replacement can be used later again for other MIDI
files.
Deleting notes
This operation is also usable for deleting certain note numbers from given or any channel by setting
new note to value "delete".
Moving notes
This operation is also usable for moving certain note numbers from one channel to a new channel.
To renumber a whole channel you should use operation Map channel numbers.
This operation is also available for batch application
3.34
Change Resolution
MIDI resolution can be changed without changing tempo, the pauses are quantised to the new
resolution steps.
Old resolution
current MIDI song resolution
New resolution
choose new resolution value from a list of common used resolution values.
MIDI Resolution (ppq)
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
58
MIDI resolution defines number of units per quarter note for whole song (resolution). A MIDI unit is
the smallest usable pause or note duration in the song. The smallest usable pause or note is
1/(4*resolution) units (e.g. for resolution 96 the smallest note is 1/384 = 1/(3*128), that means that it
can be used precisely for trioles of 1/128 notes).
Hint: 96 ppq is recommended for General MIDI compatible songs.
Hint: Some players might not be able to play songs with too high resolution, reducing resolution with
this operation should help.
3.35
Set copyright information
If the current MIDI document contains a copyright notice then the copyright is displayed (the info is
also displayed in the document window).
Copyright:
(c) 1990 Die Toten Hosen
If no copyright command is in the file then the operation allows to enter a new copyright text. The new
copyright notice is added to first track.
It is not possible to modify an existing copyright with this operation!
Legal notice:
Add copyright only if you are owner of copyright, i.e. you are composer of the song or you have
licensed the distribution rights for this song from the copyright owner.
3.36
Edit track titles
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
59
GNMIDI
This utility is used to rename track titles (also called track names) or optionally delete a track. Select a
track before editing or deleting a track.
Edit Title
Current selected track title will be displayed and can be replaced by a new title.
Delete Track
Marks track title of selected track with !delete!
With OK button all marked tracks that
way will be deleted.
Hint:
if a track contains more than one track titles (should not occur in a standard MIDI file) then all old
track titles are removed and the new track title will be inserted at beginning of the track.
3.37
Calculate tempo (BPM)
This tempo calculator is used to find out tempo of an existing song on CD or tape. The dialog shows
the calculated tempo in bpm (beats per minute)
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
60
Click at every beat
Click left mouse button or press Space key at every beat in the song. Try to hold the speed of the
rhythm. The average delay between clicks will be calculated into bpm tempo values. For constant
tempo the calculated value gets more and more precise when you click longer in same tempo.
Tempo can change
By default the calculator assumes that the rhythm plays at constant tempo. Check the option if the
tempo can change during the song.
3.38
Stretch notes duration
[in menu Modify/Note operations]
This operation increases or decreases note durations by specified percentage or value.
stretch note length by percentage (%)
enter a percentage value, all note durations in given range and channels will be stretched by this
percentage.
stretch note length by incrementation (+)
enter a value, this value will be added to all note length (MIDI units), negative values will decrease
note length.
value
enter a value into the edit field or use the arrows to increase or decrease the value
Channels
choose all channels (1-16, default) or select a single channel (1-16)
Range (min. unit - max. unit)
by default the operation will be applied to notes of any length, in the two range value fields you can
define that the note length must be in given range (MIDI units) that the operation should applied (e.g.
min=0 max=5 would modify only very small notes). If the max value is missing then no max value is
defined (min .. any higher value)
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
61
3.39
GNMIDI
Mute voices
[in menu Modify/Volume operations]
This operation mutes a MIDI voice by one of four available methods. This is useful to remove parts that
real musicians play live in a band or for muting voices that are replaced by karaoke singers.
Tracks:
Choose track if you want to mute all channels in a certain track or if you want to mute a certain
channel only in one track.
Channels:
Select one or more channels that should be muted.
Hint: If you select only tracks then any channels on this track are used for mute operation.
Hint: If you select only channels then any tracks that contain these channels are used for mute
operation.
Hint: If you select tracks and channels then only those tracks are used that contain one of the given
channels.
Method:
· Delete all events
· Silent (volume 0)
· Delete notes
· Silent notes (low velocity)
to a low value (1)
deletes all commands on the matching channels and tracks
sets volume of matching channels to 0
deletes only the notes on the matching channels and tracks
sets velocity values of the notes on the matching channels and tracks
Hint: Silent (volume 0) method is useful if you want to sing a muted melody (karaoke) and still need the
notes displayed on screen with a sequencer or a special MIDI player.
Hint: Delete notes method is useful if you want to play these deleted notes self with original settings.
Hint: The operation can't be undone so you need to keep your original MIDI files if you want the muted
tracks back.
Hint: With the option Remove all commands you can delete a channel completely.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
3.40
62
Generate setup measure
This operation inserts a new tact bar (measure) with optional initialization commands.
· GM Reset
· XG Reset
· GS Reset
initialize General MIDI compatible devices
initialize Yamaha XG compatible devices
initialize Roland GS compatible devices
Following MIDI parameters are initialized to GM default values if the parameters are not initialized
before playing first note in track:
· volume controller: 100
· balance controller: center
· program:
Piano (except drum channel 10)
· pitch bend:
center (no pitch bending)
· pitch bend range: +/-2 halftones (with RPN commands, not supported on all devices)
3.41
Show or add secret copyright
This function adds encoded copyright information to the MIDI file. In cases that somebody illegally
removes or changes the standard visible copyright field, the secret copyright information remains in the
file hidden. The secret copyright can prove your copyright when somebody else tries to steal it.
If a secret copyright (done with GNMIDI) already exists then it displays the secret copyright
information.
If no secret copyright found, but standard copyright is available then this copyright information is added
as secret copyright into the file.
If no standard and no secret copyright found then program asks for a copyright line. Use only ASCII
characters (characters blank - ~), other characters (like international characters e.g. ü) are not stored.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
63
3.42
GNMIDI
Set tempo (bpm and percentually)
[in menu Modify/Tempo operations]
This operation changes tempo of a MIDI song by two different ways.
· set constant tempo (beats/min)
enter a number of beats per minutes (bpm) between 40 and 240 in the edit field below. All existing
tempo changes in the MIDI file are removed and the new tempo change will be inserted at beginning
of the song.
· change tempo by percentage (%)
enter a percentage value between 1 and 200 in the edit field below. All existing tempo changes in the
MIDI song are changed by the given percentage. A new tempo change might be inserted at
beginning of the song if the song used default tempo 120 bpm at beginning of song (no tempo
change at start position)
edit box
Enter a number in this edit box. Floating point values are allowed (e.g. 100.3). The radio options
above determine the meaning of the value (bpm or %)
3.43
Check all MIDI files
[in menu Analyse]
This batch operation checks all MIDI files for being valid in specified MIDI folder. At completion a list of
errors is shown and you are asked if you want that GNMIDI tries to repair the files. Repaired files will
be opened in a document window. You need to check if the repairing is acceptable and then save the
MIDI file.
Checking same folder again will work quicklier, since it won't check those files again which didn't
change. If you check all files in this folder again then you can delete the file with extension .chk
3.44
Create new MIDI file
This operation creates an empty format 1 MIDI file with some initializations and one measure without
notes. You can use it as start for sequencing a new song.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
3.45
64
Browse MIDI folder
The browse operations displays folder content. It displays basic MIDI file information and can be used
to select one or more MIDI files at once for opening. The operation uses information that is generated
by check all MIDI files operation (*.chk) to load information quicklier if the check operation was used
previously. Selecting more files at once can be done with combinations of Ctrl, Shift and arrow keys.
This dialog is also used by most batch operations.
3.46
Reverse MIDI song
This operation mirrors position of notes within current MIDI song. This gives possibility to play a song
reverse. The mirrored result can be reversed again but it might be slightly different to the original MIDI
song.
3.47
Check midi natural instrument note ranges
[in menu Analyse]
The operation checks if notes played with natural sounds (e.g. trumpet, violin) are within a realistic
note range. Too high or too low notes might cause to play this sound in an unrealistic way.
The note range definition file for a certain device (usually the text file gm.rng which contains note
ranges of some General MIDI standard instruments) will be loaded. All notes in current MIDI file are
checked against the note range definitions and a warning is reported if a note is outside the range
specified in the range definitions for the instrument which plays the note.
The note range definition file can be modified or a new definition file defined and activated by changing
gnmidi.ini file :
[Settings]
RangeDefinitions=myranges.rng
The range definition file should be in GNMIDI installation folder, else a full path must be specified.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
65
GNMIDI
When all notes are in a valid range then following message is displayed:
All notes are in range (according to note range definitions)
When some notes are in an invalid range then the information is displayed in a text file with notepad
editor:
checking note ranges according to gm.rng:
track 3 channel 2 measure 3 Violin (40) note f3 range g3-c7
track 3 channel 2 measure 3 Violin (40) note e3 range g3-c7
track 3 channel 2 measure 3 Violin (40) note f3 range g3-c7
track 3 channel 2 measure 3 Violin (40) note e3 range g3-c7
track 3 channel 2 measure 4 Violin (40) note c3 range g3-c7
track 3 channel 2 measure 7 Violin (40) note f3 range g3-c7
track 3 channel 2 measure 8 Violin (40) note e3 range g3-c7
track 3 channel 2 measure 8 Violin (40) note c3 range g3-c7
track 5 channel 4 measure 98 Ovrdrive (29) note d2 range e2-d6
track 5 channel 4 measure 101 Ovrdrive (29) note g#1 range e2-d6
track 5 channel 4 measure 101 Ovrdrive (29) note b1 range e2-d6
track 5 channel 4 measure 101 Ovrdrive (29) note c#2 range e2-d6
track 5 channel 4 measure 101 Ovrdrive (29) note d#2 range e2-d6
track 5 channel 4 measure 101 Ovrdrive (29) note c#2 range e2-d6
track 5 channel 4 measure 101 Ovrdrive (29) note b1 range e2-d6
3.48
Remove hanging notes
[in menu Analyse]
This operation checks if current MIDI file contains notes that are not stopped (a note on command is
missing note off command). It considers pedal commands hold and sostenuto and all-notes-off. When
such notes are found then the operation offers to stop those notes or remove those notes.
Hanging notes cause that polyphony increases unnecessarily and depending on the used sound it can
be heard. The notes are on till end of song, some sounds are fading out earlier so that the problem
might not be noticed. Such notes are usually unwanted bugs in MIDI files.
3.49
Delete midi tracks
This operation starts same dialog as edit track titles operation.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
3.50
66
MIDI to ASCII Text
This operation converts a MIDI file into a readable ASCII text that represents the MIDI content.
You can edit this text file with a text editor (Notepad editor). The (modified) text can be
converted back to a MIDI file.
Here you find some information about the used grammar.
Here is a part of the generated text:
mthd
version 1 // several tracks with separated channels to play all at once
// 8 tracks
unit 96 // is 1/4
end mthd
mtrk // track 1
/* U0 */ /* 0ms */
/* U0 */ /* 0ms */
/* U0 */ /* 0ms */
/* U0 */ /* 0ms */
only."
/* U0 */ /* 0ms */
/* U0 */ /* 0ms */
536/4; /* U51456 */
end mtrk
beats 142.38051 /* 421406 microsec/beat */
trackname "Gasp For Breath (G\xfcnter Nagler, 23.2.1999)"
text "This song is composed and sequenced by Günter Nagler."
text "Freely distributed for personal, non-commercial use
text "Contact: info@gnmidi.com"
tact 4 / 4 24 8
/* 225873ms */
mtrk(1) // track 2
/* U0 */ /* 0ms */
trackname "More strings at Refrain"
/* U0 */ /* 0ms */
program Ensmble1
/* U0 */ /* 0ms */
volume 127
/* U0 */ /* 0ms */
balance 46
/* U0 */ /* 0ms */
reverb 52
/* U0 */ /* 0ms */
chorus 65
7765; /* U7765 */ /* 34085ms */ +a4 $58;
42; /* U7807 */ /* 34269ms */ -a4 $40;
11; /* U7818 */ /* 34318ms */ +a#4 $52;
44; /* U7862 */ /* 34511ms */ -a#4 $40;
3; /* U7865 */ /* 34524ms */ +a4 $52;
47; /* U7912 */ /* 34730ms */ +g4 $4E;
5; /* U7917 */ /* 34752ms */ -a4 $40;
25; /* U7942 */ /* 34862ms */ -g4 $40;
19; /* U7961 */ /* 34945ms */ +f4 $4E;
92; /* U8053 */ /* 35349ms */ -f4 $40;
3; /* U8056 */ /* 35362ms */ +e4 $58;
94; /* U8150 */ /* 35775ms */ +c5 $52;
12; /* U8162 */ /* 35828ms */ -e4 $40;
11; /* U8173 */ /* 35876ms */ -c5 $40;
27; /* U8200 */ /* 35995ms */ +c5 $4A;
26; /* U8226 */ /* 36109ms */ -c5 $40;
26; /* U8252 */ /* 36223ms */ +a#4 $46;
35; /* U8287 */ /* 36376ms */ -a#4 $40;
...
end mtrk
3.51
ASCII Text to MIDI
This operation converts a text generated by operation MIDI to ASCII text back to a MIDI file, if the text
has valid syntax. The text can be modified by the user, but must not contain syntax errors that it can be
converted to MIDI.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
67
3.52
GNMIDI
ASCII Text syntax
MIDI unit position and time position are shown in comments before each command:
/* U7765 */
/* 34085ms */
Comments are inside /* ... */ or start with // till end of line.
Pauses are shown before commands either in MIDI units ( 47; )or musical notation ( 536/4; ).
MIDI notes consists of pairs of commands: Note on is displayed as + and Note off is displayed as MIDI channel are displayed in mtrk(channel number) or as [channel number] inside a track before a
command.
Values are shown decimal (0-127) or hexadecimal ($00 - $7F).
Most commands begin with a keyword and have parameters e.g.
beats 142.38051
text "Contact: info@gnmidi.com"
program Ensmble1
Program names (of GM instruments) can be used by number 0-127 or from following GM instrument
list:
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
GrandPno
BritePno
El.Grand
HnkyTonk
ElPiano1
ElPiano2
Harpsich
Clavi.
Celesta
Glocken
MusicBox
Vibes
Marimba
Xylophon
TubulBel
Dulcimer
DrawOrgn
PercOrgn
RockOrgn
ChrcOrgn
ReedOrgn
Acordion
Harmnica
TangoAcd
NylonGtr
SteelGtr
JazzGtr
CleanGtr
MuteGtr
Ovrdrive
Distortd
Harmnics
WoodBass
FngrBass
PickBass
Fretless
SlapBas1
SlapBas2
SynBass1
SynBass2
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
40 Violin
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
Viola
Cello
Contra
TremStrg
Pizzicto
Harp
Timpani
Ensmble1
Ensmble2
SynStrg1
SynStrg2
AahChoir
OohChoir
SynChoir
OrchHit
Trumpet
Trombone
Tuba
MuteTrum
FrenchHr
BrasSect
SynBras1
SynBras2
SprnoSax
AltoSax
TenorSax
BariSax
Oboe
EnglHorn
Bassoon
Clarinet
Piccolo
Flute
Recorder
PanFlute
Bottle
Shakhchi
Whistle
Ocarina
SquareLd
SawLd
CaliopLd
ChiffLd
CharanLd
VoiceLd
FifthLd
Bass&Ld
NewAgePd
WarmPd
PolySyPd
ChoirPd
BowedPd
MetalPd
HaloPd
SweepPd
Rain
SoundTrk
Crystal
Atmosphr
Bright
Goblin
Echoes
SciFi
Sitar
Banjo
68
69
GNMIDI
106 Shamisen
107 Koto
108 Kalimba
109 Bagpipe
110 Fiddle
111 Shanai
112 TnklBell
113 Agogo
114 StlDrum
115 WoodBlok
116 TaikoDrm
117 MelodTom
118 SynthTom
119 RevCymbl
120 FretNoiz
121 BrthNoiz
122 Seashore
123 Tweet
124 Telphone
125 Helicptr
126 Applause
127 Gunshot
The names must be written exactly.
The following scheme explains the syntax of MIDI ASCII text in E-BNF (Extended Backus-Naur-Form).
Extended BNF rules:
symbol ::= expr ;
rule for symbol
expr can be:
expr*
optional list of expr's
expr+
repetition of expr's (at least 1)
[expr]
optional expr (0 or 1 occurrences)
expr1 expr2 ... exprN
sequence of expr1 ... exprN (in this order)
expr1|expr2|...|exprN
alternatives between expr1...exprN (choose one)
(expr)
expr itself for grouping (e.g. ("+"|"-")*
"mthd" "("
keywords and operators (case sensitive, use
without " characters)
// text
comment until next line
literal ::= characters enclosed in "..." e.g. "Track 1"
(special characters can be escaped by preceding \
e.g. "\"" is " character itself
lexical symbols (in E-BNF):
digit ::= "0"|"1"|"2"|"3"|"4"|"5"|"6"|"7"|"8"|"9" ;
hexdigit ::= digit|"A"|"B"|"C"|"D"|"E"|"F"|"a"|"b"|"c"|"d"|"e"|"f" ;
decnumber ::= digit+ ;
hexnumber ::= "0" ("x"|"X") hexdigit+
| "$" hexdigit+
;
number ::= decnumber | hexnumber ;
floatnumber ::= decnumber | decnumber "." decnumber ;
notekey ::= "C"|"D"|"E"|"F"|"G"|"A"|"H"|"B"
| "c"|"d"|"e"|"f"|"g"|"a"|"h"|"b" ;
// notekey "h" used in German language is equal to
// notekey "b"
notename ::= notekey ["#" | "is" | "b" | "es"] decnumber ;
// only legal notes as known in music theory are allowed
// suffixes "is" and "es" are used in German language
// "is" is equal to "#"
// "es" is equal to "b"
// exceptions rules (in German language):
//
As is equal to Ab
//
Es is equal to Eb
//
Use F instead of Eis
// Use C instead of His
//
Use As instead of Aes
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
// Use Es instead of Ees
// Use H instead of Ces
// Use E instead of Fes
note
::= notename | number ;
programname ::=
// korg i2/i3 only:
"Dr1"|"Dr2"|"Dr3"|"Dr4"|"Dr5"|"Dr6"|"Dr7"|"Dr8"|
// new program names
"GrandPno"|"BritePno"|"El.Grand"|"HnkyTonk"|"ElPiano1"|"ElPiano2"|
"Harpsich"| "Clavi."|"Celesta"|"Glocken"|"MusicBox"|"Vibes"|"Marimba"|
"Xylophon"|"TubulBel"|"Dulcimer"|"DrawOrgn"|"PercOrgn"|"RockOrgn"|"ChrcOrgn"|
"ReedOrgn"|"Acordion"|"Harmnica"|"TangoAcd"|"NylonGtr"|"SteelGtr"|"JazzGtr"|
"CleanGtr"|"MuteGtr"|"Ovrdrive"|"Distortd"|"Harmnics"|"WoodBass"|"FngrBass"|
"PickBass"|"Fretless"|"SlapBas1"|"SlapBas2"|"SynBass1"|"SynBass2"|"Violin"|
"Viola"|"Cello"|"Contra"|"TremStrg"|"Pizzicto"|"Harp"|"Timpani"|"Ensmble1"|
"Ensmble2"|"SynStrg1"|"SynStrg2"|"AahChoir"|"OohChoir"|"SynChoir"|"OrchHit"|
"Trumpet"|"Trombone"|"Tuba"|"MuteTrum"|"FrenchHr"|"BrasSect"|"SynBras1"|
"SynBras2"|"SprnoSax"|"AltoSax"|"TenorSax"|"BariSax"|"Oboe"|"EnglHorn"|
"Bassoon"|"Clarinet"|"Piccolo"|"Flute"|"Recorder"|"PanFlute"|"Bottle"|
"Shakhchi"|"Whistle"|"Ocarina"|"SquareLd"|"SawLd"|"CaliopLd"|"ChiffLd"|
"CharanLd"|"VoiceLd"|"FifthLd"|"Bass&Ld"|"NewAgePd"|"WarmPd"|"PolySyPd"|
"ChoirPd"|"BowedPd"|"MetalPd"|"HaloPd"|"SweepPd"|"Rain"|"SoundTrk"|
"Crystal"|"Atmosphr"|"Bright"|"Goblin"|"Echoes"|"SciFi"|"Sitar"|"Banjo"|
"Shamisen"|"Koto"|"Kalimba"|"Bagpipe"|"Fiddle"|"Shanai"|"TnklBell"|
"Agogo"|"StlDrum"|"WoodBlok"|"TaikoDrm"|"MelodTom"|"SynthTom"|"RevCymbl"|
"FretNoiz"|"BrthNoiz"|"Seashore"|"Tweet"|"Telphone"|"Helicptr"|"Applause"|
"Gunshot"|
// old general MIDI programs (GM):
"Piano"| "BritePiano"| "HammerPiano"| "HonkeyTonk"| "NewTines"| "DigiPiano"| "Harpsicord"| "Clav"|
"Celesta"| "Glocken"| "MusicBox"| "Vibes"| "Marimba"| "Xylophon"| "Tubular"| "Santur"|
"FullOrgan"| "PercOrgan"| "BX-3Organ"| "ChurchPipe"| "Positive"| "Musette"| "Harmonica"| "Tango"|
"ClassicGtr"| "A.Guitar"| "JazzGuitar"| "CleanGtr"| "MuteGuitar"| "OverDrive"| "DistGuitar"| "RockMonics"|
"JazzBass"| "DeepBass"| "PickBass"| "FretLess"| "SlapBass1"| "SlapBass2"| "SynthBass1"| "SynthBass2"|
"Violin"| "Viola"| "Cello"| "ContraBass"| "TremoloStr"| "Pizzicato"| "Harp"| "Timpani"|
"Marcato"| "SlowString"| "AnalogPad"| "StringPad"| "Choir"| "DooVoice"| "Voices"| "OrchHit"|
"Trumpet"| "Trombone"| "Tuba"| "MutedTrumpet"| "FrenchHorn"| "Brass"| "SynBrass1"| "SynBrass2"|
"SopranoSax"| "AltoSax"| "TenorSax"| "BariSax"| "SweetOboe"| "EnglishHorn"| "BasoonOboe"| "Clarinet"|
"Piccolo"| "Flute"| "Recorder"| "PanFlute"| "Bottle"| "Shakuhachi"|"Whistle"| "Ocarina"|
"SquareWave"| "SawWave"| "SynCalinope"| "SynChiff"| "Charang"| "AirChorus"| "Rezzo4ths"| "Bass&Lead"|
"Fantasia"| "WarmPad"| "PolyPad"| "GhostPad"| "BowedGlas"| "MetalPad"| "HaloPad"| "Sweep"|
"IceRain"| "SoundTrack"| "Crystal"| "Atmosphere"| "Brightness"| "Goblin"| "EchoDrop"| "StarTheme"|
"Sitar"| "Banjo"| "Shamisen"| "Koto"| "Kalimba"|"Scotland"|"Fiddle"| "Shanai"|
"MetalBell"| "Agogo"| "SteelDrums"| "Woodblock"| "Taiko"| "Tom"| "SynthTom"| "RevCymbal"|
"FretNoise"| "NoiseChiff"| "Seashore"| "Birds"| "Telephone"| "Helicopter"| "Stadium!!"| "GunShot"
;
Grammar in extended BNF
midifile ::= midisong
;
midisong ::= songoption* midihead songoption* miditrack+
;
songoption ::= "mute" channel+ // ignore these channels
| "solo" channel+
// use these channels only
;
channel ::= number
;
// only 1-16 are valid channels
// channel 10 should be used for drums
midihead ::= "mthd" [version] [unit] "end" "mthd"
;
version ::= "version" number // default version: 1
// currently only versions 0-2 are allowed
// version 0 = single multichannel track
// version 1 = some singlechannel tracks playing together
// version 2 = some multichannel tracks playing one after one
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
70
71
GNMIDI
unit ::= "unit" number
;
// default unit: 192
miditrack ::= "mtrk" [ "(" channel ")" ]
event*
"end" "mtrk"
;
event ::= [ "[" channel "]" ] midievent
| "velocyon" number // default is 127
| "velocyoff" number // default is 0
| duration sep
// pause: delay between events
| "print" sep
| "transpose" ["+"|"-"] number sep
| sep
| "copy" "part" literal ;
| "part" literal
event*
"end" "part" literal
;
| "loop" number
event*
"end" "loop"
;
sep ::= ";";
midievent ::=
"seqnumber" number
| "text" literal
| "copyright" literal
| "trackname" literal
| "instrument" literal
| "lyric" literal
| "prefixchannel" channel // following sysex or meta event is applied to this channel
| "prefixport" number // following sysex or meta event is applied to this port
| "smpteofs" number number ":" number ":" number ":" number ":" number
// SMPTE mode hour:minute:second:frame:fractional_frame
// mode 0: 24 frames/second
// mode 1: 25 frames/second
// mode 2: 30 frames/second allow dropping frames
// mode 3: 30 frames/second no dropping allowed
| "tact" number "/" number number number // tactnom / (2 ^^ tactdenom) clicks/beat 32th/beat
| "tempo" number // microseconds per quarter note
| "beats" floatnumber // same as 60.000.000/tempo
// quarter notes per minute
| "key" literal
// literal must contain a valid key:
// "Cmin" "Cmaj" "1bmin" "1bmaj" ... "7bmaj" ... "7#min" "7#maj"
| "event"
// enter event bytes without change
bytes
// no length is added
"end" "event"
| "metaevent" number // metaevent nr. 0-127
bytes
// length will be automatically added
"end" "metaevent" // metaevents are 0xff-codes
| "psrmeta" "chord" literal psrbasschord // special meta events for Yamaha PSR chords
| "sysevent"
// sysex event (0xf0)
bytes
// length will be automatically added
"end" "sysevent"
// end sysevent code 0xf7 is appended automatically!
| "syshex"
// sysex event (0xf0)
hexbytes
// length will be automatically added
"eox"
// end sysevent code 0xf7 is appended automatically!
| "gmreset"
// common sysex command to set GM mode on
| "gsreset"
// common sysex command to set GS mode on (mainly used for Roland, Yamaha)
| "gsenter"
// same as command gsreset
| "gsexit"
// common sysex command to set GS mode off (mainly used for Roland, Yamaha)
| "program" (programname | number | ("A"|"B"|"C"|"D") number
| "control" number number
| "hbank" number
| "lbank" number
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
| "banka"
| "bankb"
| "bankc"
| "bankd"
| "bankdrum" // bank*: korg i2/i3 only!
| "balance" ("left" | "right" | number)
// number is a value between 0 and 127: 0 is left and 127 is right
| "hold" ("on" | "off" | number)
| "reverb" number
| "chorus" number
| "brightness" number
| "expression" number
| "pitchmodulation" number
| "wheel" number
| "breath" number
| "foot" number
| "portamentotime" number
| "portamento" number
| "data" number
| "volume" number
| "sustain" number
| "sostenuto" number
| "softpedal" number
| "datainc" number
| "datadec" number
| "highRPN" number
| "lowRPN" number
| "pitchbendrange" number
| "localon"
| "localoff"
| "silent"
| "allnotesoff"
| "omnioff"
| "omnion"
| "monoon"
| "polyon"
| "songpos" number
| "songselect" number
| "tunerequest"
| "timingclock"
| "start"
| "continue"
| "stop"
| "activesensing"
| "polyaftertouch" note number
| "aftertouch" number
| "pitch bend" number
| notename duration number sep
| "+" notename (number|"velocyon") sep
| "-" notename (number|"velocyoff) sep
| "+" number number sep // note on with velocity
| "-" number number sep // note off with velocity
;
psrbasschord ::= // optional
| "basschord" literal ;
duration ::=
number
// units as defined in header
| number "/" number (tact units, e.g. 3/4)
;
program ::= number | programname ;
bytes ::= (number|literal)+ ;
hexsequence ::= (hexdigits|literal)+ ;
hexdigits ::= hexdigit+ ;
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
72
73
3.53
GNMIDI
Guess song key and optionally set MIDI song key
[in menu Analyse]
This operation analyzes the MIDI song and suggests a song key that you can assign to the song.
It chooses the song key (number of # or b, major or minor) that will produce minimum number of #, b
exceptions on a score sheet. Change the selected key if you want to set an other key.
Answering yes will write the song key information (META event) into the MIDI file.
Hint: A song could be printed on score sheet with any key, with a bad key choice the number of
necessary exception symbols (#, b) within the measures might be high and the scores might be difficult
to read.
3.54
Show original MIDI song keys
[in menu Analyse]
This operation analyzes the MIDI file and writes a list of used key settings into a text file that is shown
with notepad text browser.
The song position (MIDI unit) is shown where the key is changed, and key name meaning is explained
by the number of # or b on a score sheet.
e.g. key C Major has no #, key Am has no b,
key D Major has two #, key Bm has 2 b.
Default key is C, if it is not set within song.
MIDI-Unit
00000000:
Song key
C (0 #)
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
3.55
74
MIDI time calculator (calculate position, time, tact, tempo within a
song)
[in menu Analyse]
The MIDI calculator does position calculations for current MIDI song between different position
formats. Enter a position in one of the 4 different position fields (in correct format for the field) and it
automatically calculates corresponding positions in the other formats and shows meter and tempo info
at this position.
Unit
MIDI unit number, exact position within a MIDI file (0=start of song)
Beat
Number of quarter notes since start of song, and remaining MIDI units within the beat (starts at
1.000)
Time
Time position since start of song (minutes:seconds.milliseconds)
Measure
Bar position (measures.beat.unit) starts at 1.1.000
Tact
meter info, length of the measure at given position (nominator/denominator) e.g. 4/4, 3/4, 6/8 ..., this
information can't be modified here
Tempo
tempo (bpm, beats per minute e.g. 120.0) , this information can't be modified here
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
75
3.56
GNMIDI
Player status information
The player status dialog can be displayed while playing a MIDI song with internal player. It contains
information about the playing position and has button controls to navigate the player.
Filename
path of the currently played MIDI file
Play time
current play (or pause) time position (in minutes:seconds.milliseconds). While the player is paused it
is allowed to enter a new play time position into the edit field. After short pause the song plays from
the position if the entered value is a valid play time.
Possible inputs are: 120 (second), 1:30 (minute:second), 3:22.350 (minute:second:millisecond)
MIDI unit
current MIDI position (in MIDI units). While the MIDI player is paused it is allowed to enter a new play
unit position (a number) into the edit field. After short time the song plays from the unit position if it
was a valid unit number within song.
Tempo
current MIDI tempo (in bpm)
Tact
current measure length (in nominator/denominator)
Measure:Beat
current MIDI song position (measure number, beat number) e.g. counts 23:1, 23:2, 23:3, 23:4 in a
4/4 measure. While the player is paused it is allowed to enter a new MIDI song position into the edit
field. After short time the song plays from the song position if it is a valid position within the song.
Possible inputs are: 47 (measure number counting beginning from 1), 23:3 (measure number and
beat number counting from 1).
Hint: In a 4/4 measure the beats within the measure are 1,2,3,4. Beat 5 belongs to next measure and
therefore 23:5 is same as 24:1
Hint: 1:100 is the 100th beat within the song (independent of the measures).
Markers
the drop down box contains marker text found in the MIDI file which are sorted by time. During
playing the marker directly before current playing position will be displayed. After selecting a marker
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
76
from the box the player jumps to the marker position in the song. Markers usually define beginnings
of sections (e.g. intro, refrain, verse) or notices to positions in the song (e.g. contra point, scalar
transposition ...).
Stop
stops playing the song
Play
starts or continues to play current song
Pause
pauses current song
Backward
jumps to position 30 seconds before current position
Position slider
the slider shows current song playing position relative to song duration. The duration between the
position markers is 30 seconds. You can drag the thumb by clicking left mouse button on the thumb
and move the mouse. The player will jump to the position where the mouse button is released.
Forward
jumps to position 30 seconds after current position
3.57
Insert Marker
This operation is only available while a MIDI song is played and the player is currently paused. Use the
MIDI Player Status dialog to move current play position to a location where you want to add a marker
(e.g. intro, refrain, verse, scale transposition ...). Use the pause operation
then start the insert marker operation.
to hold this position and
A dialog opens where you can enter a text that describes the mark (single line). Then use OK button to
write the marker into the current active MIDI song (be sure that the correct MIDI file is active if more
files are open).
The new marker will be known to the player only when you play the new result MIDI file.
Abort the dialog using cancel if no modifications are wanted.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
77
3.58
GNMIDI
Find text in MIDI and MP3 files
[in menu Analyse]
This operation searches text in MIDI or MP3 files in a chosen folder and all music files in the sub
folders.
First search might take long time, information will be collected for future searches. Additional searches
in this folder will be quicklier. The search optimization only works with not write protected folders.
GNMIDI generates a file gnmidtxt.fnd in each not write protected folder.
The matching filenames are written into a text file that will be shown with notepad editor.
MP3 information:
the word is searched in filename (often contains artist and song title) and MP3 ID3 tag fields.
3.59
Set programs and banks (with sound check)
[in menu Modify/Sound operations as set sound program]
This operation shows initial sound program addresses for each channel and lets assign new sound
programs. The operation removes all program and bank settings of channels that were modified in this
dialog and inserts the new settings before first note starts to play.
Channel
Select a channel to inspect the currently assigned sound program for this channel.
Program
Select a sound program number between 0 and 127. The GM instrument names are displayed in the
list. Some device manuals count the program number from 1-128 (in this case you need to subtract
1 for entering the value here).
Bank MSB and Bank LSB
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
78
Use bank changes to access more than 128 programs on your sound device (both values are
required, use 0 if the manual does not specify one of the values).
Hint: When you change a program or bank parameter the info is remembered for all 16 channels till
you exit the dialog.
Hint: Your device manual contains a table of available sounds and their values. General MIDI has only
128 GM Programs and a GM standard drum kit (channel 10).
Some manuals show the parameters in hexadecimal numbers, here is a table to convert the hex
numbers to decimal numbers for 0-127:
00->
01->
02->
03->
04->
05->
06->
07->
08->
09->
0A->
0B->
0C->
0D->
0E->
0F->
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
10->
11->
12->
13->
14->
15->
16->
17->
18->
19->
1A->
1B->
1C->
1D->
1E->
1F->
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
20->
21->
22->
23->
24->
25->
26->
27->
28->
29->
2A->
2B->
2C->
2D->
2E->
2F->
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
30->
31->
32->
33->
34->
35->
36->
37->
38->
39->
3A->
3B->
3C->
3D->
3E->
3F->
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
40->
41->
42->
43->
44->
45->
46->
47->
48->
49->
4A->
4B->
4C->
4D->
4E->
4F->
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
50->
51->
52->
53->
54->
55->
56->
57->
58->
59->
5A->
5B->
5C->
5D->
5E->
5F->
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
60-> 96
61-> 97
62-> 98
63-> 99
64->100
65->101
66->102
67->103
68->104
69->105
6A->106
6B->107
6C->108
6D->109
6E->110
6F->111
70->112
71->113
72->114
73->115
74->116
75->117
76->118
77->119
78->120
79->121
7A->122
7B->123
7C->124
7D->125
7E->126
7F->127
Test
test the chosen sound before you assign it to the song press test button, this plays a small arpeggio
of notes with current selected sound through internal MIDI player (any song currently playing will be
stopped). This is useful if your destination device is connected to your computer (e.g. sound card,
soft synthesizer, keyboard with MIDI cable) .
The test melody MIDI file can be replaced by any other MIDI file that plays notes on channel 1. Set
following setting in your gnmidi.ini file if you want to use an other MIDI file:
[Settings]
MidiProgTest=c:\gnmidi\mytest.mid
Hint: Drum programs can not be tested with the test button.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
79
3.60
GNMIDI
Prepare MIDI file for PianoDisc
[in menu Modify/Sound operations]
PianoDisc http://www.pianodisc.com modules let a piano play the keys self ("ghost player"). MIDI files
control the playing of a piano song.
This operation converts the current MIDI song to format 0 and assigns a special piano sound to
the selected channels that forces the PianoDisc to play the piano keys.
Hint: The song should only play at channel 1 (use map channels or mute channels).
Channels
select one or more channels (default all) where the piano sound will be assigned
ASCII only
it seems that some older PianoDisc versions don't load MIDI files that contain international
characters. This option replaces non-ASCII characters.
Sound address
this operation assigns sound address Program 0 (piano) MSB=5 LSB=87 in selected channels by
default.
This address can be adjusted in file gnmidi.ini using following setting line:
[Settings]
Pianodisc=0 5 87
You can find the address numbers in your device manual.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
3.61
80
Cripple notes
[in menu Modify/Note operations]
This operation encrypts the notes of the MIDI song. This is useful for making MIDI file unusable for
printing or editing. The operation can't be reversed.
Two different methods are available:
Chaos Encoder
creates a little chaos in the song, the commands are moved into random tracks which causes bad
printings but still plays correctly.
Pitch Encoder
changes notes by random half tones and uses pitch bending to put them back to pitch.
Hint: Check carefully if the song plays identically after cripple operation, since the operation applies
changes to the notes and pitch bending.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
81
3.62
GNMIDI
Song description
This operation displays or adds additional info to the current MIDI or MP3 file.
The description to the file will be stored outside of the MIDI/MP3 file.
Some of this information will be displayed in the MIDI document window. Some of the fields can be
searched. Some field values are used by the entertainment player.
Filename
Path and name of the song file
Artist
composer or singer of the song
Title
song title
Evaluation
Rate the song by one of the attributes in the list. Rating values are considered by
Entertainment player.
MELODY_CHANNELMelody Channel
If you know which channel plays the melody notes then you can set this info here. 1-16 or unknown if
you don't know or don't need it. The information is required by operation Mute Melody.
Hint:
Melody channel is not used for MP3 files.
SONG_TRANSPOSESong Transpose
enter a transpose value (-12 .. +12) e.g. if you use a score sheet with the song notes in other key.
Operation Mute Melody transposes the song by given value. -- no transpose -- if transposing is not
necessary or not wanted.
Hint:
MP3 songs are not transposed before playing.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
82
Music Style
select a music style category from the list of categories for a song. The list of styles is read from file
gnstyles.ini in your gnmidi directory, it will be created once you start GNMIDI. You can add
categories self to this text file or choose unknown for all that have a category that is not existing in
the list.
Comment
enter own commentary text to the song
3.63
Adjust volume to common level before playing midi song
(optional)
This MIDI player setting Common volume can be turned on or off by checking or unchecking the menu
item.
Adjusting volume level is done by changing volume and expression controllers percentually up or down
so that the song maximum volume level is close to common volume level. It does not change note
velocities because that could influence the sound.
If the songs are generally too loud or too silent after adjusting to common level then you should adjust
your speaker volume or keyboard main volume slider.
In some cases it is not possible to reach a level close to common level, e.g. if one channel already has
maximum level then it can't be increased further.
Default common volume level is 1000000, this value is written into gnmidi.ini file:
[Settings]
MidiAdjustVolume=1
MidiCommonVolume=1000000
If you want change this value then use only values between 300000 and 1700000, values lower or
higher lead to extreme use of volume changes which might
cause bad arrangement. If the setting is checked then it is turned on and starting MIDI player (play or
play extern) will produce a temporary MIDI file for playing that has adjusted volume. In some cases
volume is already at limit and can't be adjusted to the wanted level (e.g. if expression controls or note
velocities prevent from getting higher volume).
3.64
Set all MIDI to common volume level
This batch operation applies same function all MIDI files in specified MIDI folder that option
common volume does to current MIDI song.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
83
3.65
GNMIDI
Entertainment player
The Entertainment music player chooses MIDI and MP3 files from your song archive and plays them
(e.g. in random order) one after one.
The operation offers search criteria's to restrict the entertainment to certain songs from your archive.
MIDI/MP3 Archive
select your previous used song archive folder from the drop down list box or use browse button to
add a new song folder. Only MIDI or MP3 songs from this folder or its sub folders are considered for
entertainment.
Keywords
enter one or more simple words (separated by spaces), all keywords must appear somewhere in the
MIDI/MP3 file text if the keyword field is not empty. The words might match filename, author, title,
comment, lyrics, tracknames, markers, copyright, ...
Wildcards * and ? are allowed as search patterns (reduces search speed).
Evaluation:
each song can be rated, these values are considered here. Select between
· not evaluated
considers songs that have no rating
· best
considers songs that have good rating
· other
considers songs that have bad rating
Play Frequency
every time when a song is played with the Entertainment player, a frequency counter will be
increased for a song. Select between
· never played
considers songs that were never played with Entertainment player
· often
considers songs that were often played with Entertainment player
· sometimes
considers songs that were not often played with Entertainment player
(but at least once)
Order
the Entertainment player supports two playing orders
· sequential
plays the songs in the order of a play list or as they match the search
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
criteria's
· random
order
84
plays the songs from the play list or song archive folder in random
Load Playlist
instead of considering whole song archive folder you can load the list of filenames from a text file.
Each line of the play list file should contain one filename (including folder path) . The play list files
should have file extension .lst . Filenames that are not found (e.g. because of wrong spelling) are
ignored. When a play list is loaded then the search fields are disabled, all valid MIDI/MP3 files in the
play list are considered by the Entertainment player.
e.g. winner.lst
c:\MIDI\abba\thewinnertakesitall.mid
c:\MIDI\queen\wearethechampions.mid
c:\MP3\hot chocolate\everyone 's a winner.mp3
OK
with OK the entertainment player starts to search for matching songs in your song file archive,
depending on the number of songs in the archive it can take some time. The Entertainment player
starts to play a song (with internal player) when at least one matching song is found and it will
continue to search for more songs in background while playing a song.
The dialog hides automatically when first matching song is found.
When a song finishes to play or when you stop the internal player manually, the next matching song in
selected order will be started automatically soon.
Stop entertainment player
Click on the entertainment player symbol or press Ctrl-A to stop the Entertainment playing.
Hint: While a dialog is open (e.g. status, description...) the entertainment player does not continue
automatically with next song. Close the dialog to continue.
Hint: Entertainment player uses internal player which requires working installation of MIDI/MP3 MCI
drivers.
3.66
Delete duplicate notes
[in menu Modify/Note operations]
This operation removes notes that are duplicated in a MIDI song. The duplicate notes must be at same
MIDI position (or less than 3 MIDI
units away from this position) and must have same channel and note number.
If no duplicate notes are found then no result is generated and a message is displayed is status bar.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
85
3.67
GNMIDI
Print Lyrics
Karaoke songs usually contain song text inside the MIDI file. This operation prints the song text and
song title and song author.
Title
enter the song title
Author
enter the song author or composer
Printer
choose printer and modify printer settings.
3.68
Pause/Continue MIDI Player commands
While a song is played by internal MIDI player you can use this command to pause the song. Use it
again to continue to play the song.
In player status dialog a button exists for pause command. After pressing pause the symbol changes
to a play command (continue)
3.69
Backward/Forward MIDI Player commands
While a song is played by internal MIDI player this operations are available.
Backward
continues to play 30 seconds before current song position
Forward
continues to play 30 seconds later after current song position
Both commands are available in player status dialog.
3.70
Mute Melody
[in menu Modify/Volume operations]
This operation removes the notes from melody channel. That is useful for karaoke purpose or to play
the melody self on a MIDI keyboard along to the remaining song accompaniment.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
86
First you need to define the MIDI melody channel of the song once in the MIDI descriptions of the file.
This operation automatically starts the description dialog if the melody channel is not set.
The description dialog offers also to define a transpose value for the MIDI file. This is useful when your
score sheet contains the notes in other song key and the notes (except drums) will be automatically
transposed to same song key when applying this operation.
3.71
Select a Midi Input
Select a MIDI input device from the given list of input devices that is used for recording MIDI song or
recording sysex dump data.
The operation can be found in menu Settings.
3.72
MIDI Recorder
This operation records MIDI data from an external MIDI device through MIDI cable and stores it as a
standard MIDI file. Demo program version only allows to record 20 seconds and then automatically
stops recording.
Tempo
select song tempo (bpm=quarter notes/minute). The resulting MIDI file will have this constant tempo
when recording using input method Live (independent which tempo you are playing).
Resolution
select song resolution (MIDI units per quarter note) for the resulting MIDI song.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
87
GNMIDI
Input device
select the input device in menu Settings. This field shows the current selected device name.
Input method
· Live
real time (milliseconds) is used to record. The song will have constant tempo. This works even
in MIDI modes that don't send MIDI clock signals.
· Synchronized to MIDI clock
device must send 24 MIDI clock commands (F8) per beat. Tempo changes are guessed from
speed of the clock commands.
· Delayed
useful for devices that can't produce MIDI data in real time (e.g. analyzing tools) and send them
delayed. This method works well with e.g. Autoscore pitch-to-MIDI software.
MIDI data receiving indicator *
While *** Recording *** at the right side a star * will blink which indicates that MIDI clock or active
sense commands are received, which are important because that means that MIDI connection
works.
Start
Start recording a song from MIDI cable input
Stop
Stop the MIDI recording. A dialog will tell if MIDI data was received that could be saved.
Save
Generate a MIDI song from the recorded input data. This will open a temporary MIDI document
window. Don't forget to save this document to a MIDI file.
Important:
It is necessary that the Windows MIDI device driver is correctly installed and working, that data can
be recorded successfully. Some keyboards or synthesizers send MIDI data only in certain mode (e.g.
song mode) or need keyboard settings to enable sending of MIDI data. Some keyboards you need to
force to send initialization settings (sounds, volume...) through MIDI cable, by pressing e.g. reset
button, changing mode or similar.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
3.73
88
Split notes into lower and upper half at splitpoint (left and right
hand)
[in menu Modify/Note operations]
This command splits a channel at a given splitting point note into lower track (left hand) and upper
track (right hand). You can optionally assign new MIDI channels to both parts so that both parts can
play with different sounds.
Tracks
optionally select a track number only if the channel number is used in two different tracks and you
want to split only one of them.
Channel
select a channel number that contains notes for left and right hand
Key
a note number where to split the selected channel into two parts. Middle piano C is called C5 in
this list. The key note and higher notes belong to the upper part (right hand), the notes that are lower
than key note belong to the lower part (left hand).
Upper channel
channel number of upper part (right hand)
Balance (u.C.)
Balance -64...0...63 of the upper part (right Hand), 0 is center, -64 is full left, 63 is full right
Lower channel
channel number of lower part (left hand)
Balance (l.C.)
Balance -64...0...63 of the lower part (left Hand), 0 is center, -64 is full left, 63 is full right
Hint: Middle C (piano-C) is named here as C5. Elder GNMIDI versions (till 2.49) called this note C4. If
you prefer to use old octave numbering then you could add following setting into GNMIDI.INI:
[Settings]
MidiMiddleOctave=4
Hint: Balance (also called Pan/panning) defines relation between left and right stereo output.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
89
3.74
GNMIDI
Edit Text
This command is used to modify text commands and their position.
Select a MIDI word type in first dialog and continue with OK
· Text
can be karaoke song text (.kar) or other text
· Lyric
contains song text
· Marker
can be word markers for song positions or additional text
· Tracktitle title of track, title of first track is usually used for song title
· Instrument name of used instruments or sounds
· Cuepoint name or description of a song position, e.g. refrain
Hint: MIDI information window contains at end of the information (you probably need to scroll the
window down) contains all text of different types.
List box content
each list item shows
· Track number
· Unit
track that contains this text command
MIDI position (MIDI unit)
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
· Word
90
text stored by this text command
Track 03 Unit 037680 /And
Hint: use the scroll bar to find more lines with text commands
Edit
modify the text (syllable or word or sentence) or the MIDI unit position. Use
<line> and <paragraph> keywords to specify a line break or paragraph break. In
.kar files the lines and paragraphs must be formatted according to .kar rules.
Insert
create a new text item before current selected text item, or modify the suggested
MIDI unit position to insert the item at certain MIDI position.
Append
create a new text item behind last text item, or at given MIDI unit position.
Delete
remove current selected text item
Hint:
This operation does not support editing of Yamaha XF, Roland sysex video lyrics, Farfisa sysex
lyrics.
Hint:
For entering and synchronizing song text you should use Karaoke editor and
Synchronization editor.
Hint:
A text item may contain a syllable, a word or a text line.
Hint:
Track number (1-255) must reference an existing track in MIDI file, otherwise the text will not be
inserted.
3.75
Tip of the day
This dialog shows short articles about GNMIDI operations or interesting features.
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GNMIDI
At startup of GNMIDI a tip of the day might be shown. It can be activated in help menu.
Show tips at startup
If it should not start automatically at each GNMIDI session, you can deactivate this feature in the tip
of the day dialog by unchecking the option.
Next Tip
show next article.
Close
exit this dialog (also <Esc> key closes dialog).
3.76
MIDI melody to mobile phone ring tones (RTTTL)
Some mobile phones can be loaded with RTTTL ring tones. This function converts a MIDI melody
channel to ring tone format.
Melody channel:
Choose the channel that should be converted. The channel must contain notes (should be mono
phon) that the conversion can be done successfully.
Result is a text file that contains the melody notes in RTTTL format.
Hint: the melody notes should not overlap because RTTTL ring tones are mono phon only.
Hint: Some mobile phones might limit the length of the RTTTL, so choose a small part of the song.
E.g. a small part of a song converted to RTTTL:
Eternity:d=4,o=5,b=78:16p,16d.,32p,32f,32p,8f.,8d,32f,32p,8f.,a.,g.,2p,16g.,32p,32a#
,32p,8a#.,8g,8a#,8g,16p,c.,2p,p,16p,16d.,32p,16p,8f.,8d,8f,16d.,32p,a.
The result text also offers
keystrokes for entering the melody into a Nokia 3310/3300 cell phone.
3.77
RTTTL to MIDI song
This operation converts an RTTTL file loaded into a document window into a MIDI file.
The MIDI song will contain mono phone melody, program Vibes is assigned to the MIDI channel 1.
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3.78
92
MIDI to parsons code conversion
Parsons code describes the contour changes of a mono phon melody by simple character symbols.
With parsons code it is possible to identify melody by inexact tone height changes, it does not require a
precise interpretation of notes, duration and transposition.
The result will be written into a new text edit window (Notepad). Longer melodies might create long
parsons code.
Longer pauses between melody notes will break the parsons code and a new parsons code will start
with * in a new line.
Melody channel:
Choose a melody channel that contains the melody notes, which should be converted. This channel
must contains melody notes (and should be mono phon, because Parsons code only supports mono
phon melodies), that it can be converted to parsons code.
Short note overlappings will be corrected automatically. If the channel contains long note
overlappings this could infect the results unwanted.
Parsons code format:
Parsons code of a melody usually begins with a * symbol, that is the placeholder for any start tone
height.
Following tone changes are allowed and will be described by following characters:
D
(Down) tone height will be lower relative to the previous tone
U
(Up) tone height will be higher relative to the previous tone
R
(Repeat) last tone height will be repeated
Example: *DUDUDUDDDUUUDUUU
that is the Parsons code of main melody Beethoven "Per Elise" which was produced from the notes
E D# E D# E B D C A, C E A B, E G# B C.
http://www.musipedia.org provides a search engine for melody searching using parsons code.
Above example was found in classic range at first place. When searching in all music ranges "Per
Elise" was found at 3rd place, there are other melodies (z.B. Rolling Stones) that produce similar
parsons code. It does not mean that the melodies are identical.
A conversion from Parsons code back to MIDI can not be done unique, because Parsons code does
not contain notes or durations.
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3.79
GNMIDI
MIDI settings landscape view
[in menu Analyse]
The MIDI settings map displays the parameter values used within the MIDI song. Loading this info can
take some time.
The coloured table has 16 rows for channels and one extra row for song lyrics.
The columns are divided into measures by grey vertical lines. The distance
is depending on the current zoom state. Some measures have a number above the
line which is the MIDI unit position of this bar line.
The smaller black blocks inside the rows are the positions were notes are playing.
The colour is brighter if the notes are not pressed so hard (note velocity value).
The row background colours are different for each row. The colour intensity increases with the control
value (e.g. volume 0-127).
Move mouse cursor over coloured areas to show the value below in the grey info field.
Use the scroll bar arrows to show the parts that are currently outside of screen.
Parameters:
· Program (Sound)
· Tempo
· Volume
· Expression
· Balance
· Chorus
· Reverb
Zoom:
choose a zoom percentage value to check out a smaller range of MIDI units in more detail or a
larger range of MIDI units in less detail.
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Play ( > )
The grey button on right bottom plays song beginning at current map position.
3.80
Count-In 1,2,3,4
[in menu Modify/Tempo operations as count-in tempo]
This operation adds some drum notes to count in the beats of initial song tempo.
If first song measure contains notes then an empty measure will be added in front of the song, else the
drum notes are written into first measure.
Hint: It is important that the meter information of the MIDI file is correct, so that the beginning of the
first measure is at start of song (MIDI unit 0). Wrong initial measure position will result in a wrong
count-in.
3.81
Remove Count-in notes
Menu Modify/Tempo operations
count-in notes will be identified if:
· at least 3 identical drum notes on channel 10 are played in similar distances
· the first other drum note or an other note on an other channel starts to play later
· all count-in notes must be played monophon sequentially
The this operation is available in menu modify/Tempo operations and removes these notes.
Pauses are not removed.
3.82
Insert empty measure
This operation inserts a new empty measure.
Measure
Measure number of the new measure, existing measures behind this number will be moved back.
First measure has number 1.
Measure length
· use meter info from previous measure
as the measure before
· new meter info (nominator / denominator)
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
the new measure will have the same length
the new measure will get a new length (e.g. 4/4, 3/4,
95
GNMIDI
6/8 ...)
3.83
Initialize GM/GS/XG/GM2 mode
This operation adds an initialization MIDI command (MIDI RESET) to beginning current MIDI song.
For GM initialization it adds GM MIDI Reset Sysex and removes GM incompatible MIDI commands
(e.g. sound bank references, sysex commands).
3.84
Optional MIDI compression during save operation
This option can be turned on/off in menu settings.
Most MIDI players, keyboards, software, sound cards support this kind of MIDI compression.
MIDI Compression does not change the musical content, it still produces valid standard MIDI files, but
reduces MIDI file size (up to 15% smaller).
Most files that are found in Internet or sold by music companies are compressed.
Usually this option should be checked (ON), since it only uses capabilities that MIDI standard suggests.
Turn this operation off when your MIDI device does not accept format 0 MIDI files that are
compressed.
Some older Yamaha keyboards seem not to support compression and reject valid MIDI format 0 files
at loading.
3.85
Keystrokes for Nokia 3310/3330 mobile phone tone editor
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96
Nokia phone model 3330 includes a ring tone editor where a new ring tone melody can be edited by
pressing the phone keys.
MIDI to RTTTL ring tone conversion creates this info and displays the keystrokes in the window.
Start the tone editor on your Nokia 3310 or 3330 for entering a new melody. Be sure that the current
octave and note length are initialized.
enter 1 that should show 4c1 on display
enter <c> to remove the 4c1 from display
(if not then use keys 8,9,*)
Hint: Enter the digits, *,# exactly as displayed in the document window (don't miss one, each is
important to create correct melody).
Hint: The melody input on the phone might be limited (e.g. 50 notes).
Hint: It can't be guaranteed that the keystrokes are working with all mobile phones of these types
(version or country depending differences can cause it to fail).
3.86
MIDI command filter
[in menu Modify/Controller operations as MIDI filter commands]
This operation removes MIDI commands (also called MIDI events) of chosen types. It can also change
international text characters contained in text commands into ASCII text characters.
META commands
· Text
· Copyright (this is disabled, the operation does not allow to remove existing copyright information)
· Trackname
· Instrument
· Lyric
· Marker
· Cue point
· Prefix Port
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GNMIDI
·
·
·
·
Prefix Channel
Meter (bar length info)
Key (song key)
Tempo
Hint: Turn on META check box that you can select META command types
Sysex commands
remove all sysex commands when checked (check META option that this check box can be used)
Channel depending commands
· Notes
· Aftertouch
· Controller changes
select controller command numbers in right side list box
· Program changes
· Polyaftertouch
· Pitchbend
Channels
select one or more channel numbers, only those channel depending commands that match a
selected channel will be removed
Controller change commands
Check box Controller changes must be selected first, then select one or more controller numbers
that will be removed for selected channel numbers
ASCII text only
all non-ASCII text characters (e.g. international characters like è, ü, ß ...) are replaced against ASCII
characters. This is useful if a MIDI device can't display international characters.
3.87
Seek long pauses in song
[in menu Analyse]
The operation searches for positions within song that don't play a note for at least 5 seconds. The
result is written to a text file and displayed by notepad editor. This operation useful when you record
several songs at once with pauses between and then want to know where each part starts.
c:\mysong.mid:
0:04:24.230 large pause found: 0:00:17.000
0:08:53.730 ** end song
Time position and pause durations are displayed in format h:mm:ss.ms (hours, minutes, seconds,
milliseconds).
The 5 seconds period can be changed with following setting in gnmidi.ini file:
[Settings]
LongPauseSeconds=7
3.88
Seek parts with notes
[in menu Analyse]
The operation searches groups of notes in all channels that are splitted into parts by longer pauses
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(minimum 5 seconds).
The result is opened in a notepad editor and contains for each channel that contains notes a list of
times where notes play:
starttime-endtime (duration)
The time format is minutes:seconds:milliseconds.
example for an output:
channel 1:
0:01.875-3:15.706 (3:13.831)
channel 2:
0:01.250-3:15.684 (3:14.434)
channel 3:
0:00.953-0:07.646 (0:06.693)
1:37.812-1:38.432 (0:00.620)
1:44.218-2:20.312 (0:36.094)
channel 4:
0:07.812-1:37.421 (1:29.609)
2:22.812-3:15.263 (0:52.451)
channel 5:
2:08.437-2:22.500 (0:14.063)
2:53.437-3:15.000 (0:21.563)
channel 6:
0:08.437-3:15.703 (3:07.266)
channel 7:
0:08.437-3:15.625 (3:07.188)
channel 8:
0:02.187-3:15.684 (3:13.497)
channel 9:
0:08.437-0:12.884
0:19.687-0:57.884
1:04.687-1:42.884
1:49.687-2:27.884
2:34.687-3:15.563
(0:04.447)
(0:38.197)
(0:38.197)
(0:38.197)
(0:40.876)
channel 10:
0:04.692-3:15.065 (3:10.373)
The 5 seconds period can be changed with following setting in gnmidi.ini file:
[Settings]
LongPauseSeconds=7
3.89
Show tempo changes
[in menu Analyse]
The operation collects all tempo changes within current MIDI song. Time position are displayed in
format h:mm:ss.ms and tempo is displayed in beats per minute (bpm).
The information is written to a temporary text file and displayed with notepad editor.
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GNMIDI
c:\mysong.mid:
0:00:00.000 default tempo: 120.00
0:00:00.000 tempo: 120.00
0:00:00.000 tempo: 78.00
0:04:24.230 tempo: 120.00
0:04:41.230 tempo: 63.00
0:08:53.730 ** end song
3.90
Show text positions
[in menu Analyse]
The operation collects all text commands within current MIDI song and displays them with text position
(h:mm:ss.ms) and type name.
Type names:
· Text
· Copyright
· Trackname
· Instrument
· Lyric
· Marker
· Cue point
The information is written to a text file and displayed with Notepad editor.
0:00:00.000 Trackname "Eternity"
0:00:00.000 Trackname "Soft karaoke"
0:00:00.000 Text "@KMIDI KARAOKE FILE"
0:00:00.000 Trackname "Words"
0:00:00.000 Text "@LENGL"
0:00:00.000 Text "@Teternity"
0:00:00.000 Text "@Trobbie williams"
0:00:16.153 Text "\CLOSE"
0:00:16.538 Text " YOUR"
0:00:16.730 Text " EYES"
3.91
Quantize pedal controllers to on/off
[in menu Modify/Controller operations]
This operation modifies pedal controllers hold (controller #64) and soft pedal (#67). It maps lower
controller values to pedal OFF and higher values to pedal ON.
0 - 63
64 - 127
.................. OFF .............
0
.................. ON .............. 127
Hint: Duplicated values are removed to reduce the number of pedal controller changes.
Hint: This operation is useful for PianoDisc and Disklavier players which may react with noises when
many pedal controllers are used that are not pedal ON/OFF values.
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GNMIDI operations
3.92
100
Set MIDI tempo without changing timing
[in menu Modify/Tempo operations]
This operation replaces all tempo changes in the song by a constant tempo but keeps the original song
speed by adjusting all pauses (instead of setting tempo commands).
Tempo
Enter a tempo (bpm, beats per minute) value into the edit field.
Hint: This operation is useful if your song plays in correct tempo but you would prefer that it uses an
other tempo value and song still plays
with same speed.
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3.93
GNMIDI
Modify controller values by expressions
[in menu Modify/Controller operations]
The operation modifies controller values by expression rules.
Controllers
Choose a controller number that should be modified
Expression rules
displays current expression rules that are applied in this order.
Clear all
remove all expressions .
Load
load previously saved expressions from a .ctr text file.
Save
save current expressions in a .ctr text file.
Add new expression
fill original value range and result value range and then press Add to add the expression to the
expression rules list.
At least one controller expression must be added that the operation can be done. The button is
disabled till valid numbers are entered into the range value fields.
Original value range
enter values between 0 and 127 that the controller should have in original MIDI song that the values
are modified by this expression. Values outside the given range are not modified by this expression.
Value in first field must be smaller or equal to second field value.
Result value range
enter values between 0 and 127. Leave second value field empty if you want to set all original range
values to same value. Here the values in first field can be higher than value in second field (for
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102
increasing the lower values and decreasing the higher values).
Possible expressions
· set result value to a constant value
fill only the left field of the result value field/range, left the right field empty (e.g. set all values
between 0 and 63 to value 0)
· add value to the original values
enter values in result fields that differ to the original range values by the given value (e.g. add
value 10 to all values between 0 and 63: 10 - 73)
· interpolation of value range
enter values in both result fields, the result range width can be different to original range width
(e.g. interpolate values 0-63 linear to 0-127).
Hint: The result values can also be entered reverse then the value ranges are interpolated reverse
(e.g. set values 0-127 to 127-0)
Hint: the channels list and load and save buttons are available since version 2.58, before all channels
were modified.
Hint: This operation can be started as batch operation.
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3.94
GNMIDI
Generate tempo slide
[in menu Modify/Tempo operations]
This operation sets a series of tempo changes (increasing or decreasing) for a certain time range. This
is used to increase or decrease tempo linear between two song positions.
Start time position
start time (in seconds) from beginning of the song (e.g. 10.7)
End time position
end time (in seconds) from beginning of song (e.g. 30.0)
Tempo at start position
current song tempo at start position (a hint)
Tempo at end position
current song tempo at end position (a hint)
New start tempo
tempo at start position in beats per minute (e.g. 98.0)
New end tempo
tempo at end position in beats per minute (e.g. 106.0)
Step units
distance between two tempo changes in MIDI units
Hint: Start time position must be lower than end time position.
Hint: Start tempo and end tempo must be in range 30.0-255.0 bpm.
Hint: If start tempo is smaller than end tempo then tempo will slowly increase
Hint: If end tempo is smaller than start tempo then tempo will slowly decrease.
Hint: If start tempo is same as end tempo then only one tempo change will be added and existing
tempo changes in given range will be removed.
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Number of generated tempo changes
After all required fields are entered the message below the edit fields appears which tells how many
tempo changes would be generated using current settings.
Hint: Be sure that the number of tempo changes is not too high, because this could produce big MIDI
file size and could be a problem for some MIDI players. If the number is too high then choose higher
step units value till the number is acceptable.
3.95
Sysex Transfer
This dialog is used for sending and receiving sysex data dumps between computer and external
MIDI devices (keyboard, sound modules ...) and reverse through MIDI cable. It has comfortable
features like describing a MIDI sysex command or assign a sysex command (or sysex file) to a button
to quickly send the data by a click.
Hint: key combination Alt+X opens this dialog.
Input device
displays the current selected MIDI input device name. It can be changed in menu Settings. The
number behind the name tells the number of bytes received.
Output device
displays the current selected MIDI output device name. It can be changed in menu Settings. The
number behind the name tells the number of bytes sent.
Receiving box
The list box in the Receive sysex dump group contains information about incoming sysex data (one
line per sysex command).
Clear
deletes the content of the receiving box. Resets the number of transferred data back to 0.
save .syx file
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GNMIDI
saves all selected sysex data lines of the receiving box into a binary sysex data file (.syx).
save .dmp file
saves all selected sysex data lines of the receiving box into a readable and editable sysex data text
file (.dmp). The .dmp file contains hexadecimal values.
describe ...
select a received sysex data line of the receiving box and describe the meaning of the sysex data.
Few data bytes from beginning of the sysex command are used to recognize the meaning of a sysex
in future when receiving a similar sysex again e.g. receiving song data dump ...
MIDI clock
displays a star symbol in the rectangle box when receiving MIDI data. It should blink when the MIDI
connection is working.
Send sysex edit field
enter a short hexadecimal sysex command or a filename of a predefined .syx or .dmp file to send
the data using send button
send
sends data entered in the send sysex edit field (left side of the button).
send file ...
choose a .syx or .dmp file that will be sent
choose sysex item
this combo box contains user defined sysex elements that will be sent when the item is selected.
The combo box contains also possibility to define a new sysex element self.
define sysex item
user defined sysex elements can be named and assigned to a button or chosen from sysex item
combo box. A dialog is opened where the new sysex element can be defined.
sysex element buttons
some space in the dialog is reserved for your own buttons that send certain sysex commands. The
buttons show the name of the sysex element in the caption. Two buttons are already defined
(Identify, GM Reset). They can be removed in file sendsyx.txt and replaced using define sysex item if
wanted.
Sysex messages
a sysex message (system exclusive message) starts with F0 (SOX) then follow data bytes of range
0-127 and at end the sysex is terminated by F7 (EOX). Short sysex messages are used to transfer
simple commands with some parameters. Large sysex messages are used to transfer songs or
data dumps (which store the current settings of a device). Since the transferred data are only 7bit
values, transferred data is usually encoded.
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Send hexadecimal sysex message
enter a sysex command in hexadecimal representation. That is the usual form used in device
manuals to list all supported MIDI sysex commands. Press send button or Enter or Return key to
send the data to the output device if it is a valid sysex message F0 ... F7. It does not care if the
hexadecimal characters are written in lower or upper case.
e.g. some KORG models accept following identify command
f0 7e 0 6 1 f7
If the hexadecimal sysex string is not valid then the dialog will beep and select the part of the string
that looks wrong. After correct sending the connected device might respond or perform some action.
After sending the data GNMIDI will wait certain delay time to give the device enough time to handle
the transferred data.
The delay can be modified in gnmidi.ini file by following setting:
[Settings]
SendSyxDelay=5000
Hint: If you are sure that the command is done and the device doesn't need more time then you
could abort the delay by pressing <Esc> key.
Send sysex file (.syx)
sysex files (with file extension .syx) contain one or more sysex commands. The files can be huge
(e.g. dump of all keyboard songs, all keyboard settings). Press button send file and choose a valid
.syx file to send all valid sysex commands in this file to the output device. Or enter the full path of the
sysex file into the sysex edit field and press send button. If the file exists and contains valid sysex
data then it will be transferred.
After sending each sysex the program will wait certain delay to give the device enough time to
handle the data.
Send readable sysex file (.dmp)
.dmp file contains hexadecimal formatted sysex data lines. The lines look like:
00000: F0 42 30 49 4E 06 F7
The hexadecimal number before the sysex data bytes (including the colon) is optional, specifying
only
F0 42 30 49 4E 06 F7
in a .dmp file is allowed). GNMIDI stores the current byte position of a corresponding .syx file in this
offset number when saving sysex data to a .dmp file. You can change the .dmp file without need for
updating the offset values, the values are not used at reading a .dmp file.
Optionally a ! character can be used to append a comment to a line.
F0 42 30 49 4E 06 F7 ! GM Reset
The comment is not part of the sysex data. GNMIDI inserts such comment for each known sysex.
E.g.
00000: F0 42 30 49 4E 06 F7
! KORG i30 change to song mode
Maximum line length is 1024 characters in a .dmp file. Insert line breaks between data values that
the lines are short (which is easier for reading and editing). GNMIDI writes 16 data bytes per line.
When the .dmp file contains invalid formatted line then the sending will not be performed and an
error message tells which line contains the problem.
After sending the data from .dmp file the program will wait certain delay after each sysex command
to give the device enough time to handle the data.
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GNMIDI
Define own sysex data items
Often used sysex commands can be stored as sysex items. They can be sent comfortably by
selecting a list box item or pressing a self defined button.
The second item in the send sysex combo drop down list is always "define sysex item". This item
opens a dialog that defines a new sysex item that will be added to the combo drop down list and will
be assigned to a send button if it is one of the first 5 items.
A sysex data item consists of fields
· sysex
enter a sysex command F0 ... F7 in hexadecimal numbers or enter a .syx or .dmp
filename, use Browse to select a file.
· caption
enter a caption text for the combo list box item or for a button, use & prefix to declare
a key shortcut Alt+(next character)
· delay
enter a delay time in milliseconds that the program must wait after sending this sysex
command (default 5000 ms).
After entering a complete and correct sysex data item the combo drop down list and up to five send
item buttons will be updated and can be used. Currently this dialog can only be used to define new
items. Modifying or deleting existing items can only be done by modifying the text file where the
definitions are stored.
gnmidi.ini contains a setting that tells which file contains the sysex item definitions:
[Settings]
SendSyxFile=sendsyx.txt
The self defined items are added to the combo drop down list and first 5 ones are assigned to
buttons in the send sysex area.
The text file contains the item descriptions in following form:
[SendSyx]
Caption=&Identify
Sysex=f0 7e 0 6 1 f7
Delay=500
[SendSyx]
Caption=&Church Sounds
Sysex=c:\sounds\sysex\organ.syx
Delay=23000
[SendSyx]
...
[SendSyx]
...
Hint: gnmidi.log will contain error messages if the sysex item definitions file contains incorrect
definitions.
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Send sysex data item from self defined button
First 5 valid self defined data items are assigned to 5 reserved buttons in the send sysex area. The
caption is displayed on the button. If caption contains an ampersand character & then next character
can be used for a key shortcut Alt+(next character) if this shortcut is not used elsewhere in the
dialog.
e.g. caption &Identify will be displayed as Identify on the button and key combination Alt+I
can be used to send this sysex item (if Alt+I key is not used elsewhere in the dialog as shortcut).
Send sysex data items from the user defined combo box items
All valid self defined sysex items are added to the combo box in the send area. The first item does
not send anything, it clears the send sysex edit field. The second item opens the dialog to define a
new sysex data item.
When opening the drop down combo box list and selecting a sysex data item with left mouse click
then this item will be sent to the output device.
When selecting combo box list items with arrow keys then the item info will be copied into the send
sysex edit box and then this data can be sent from the edit box (send button or Enter/Return key).
Receive sysex dumps
First choose the input MIDI device that will be used for receiving MIDI data.
The small box in the receive sysex dump area should blink, this is a proof that the input device is
active (a working MIDI device is sending MIDI clock F8 or activesense FE command steadily!).
In order to receive sysex data you either need to start a send sysex dump operation on the MIDI
device or send a sysex request command to the device first. Some operations on the MIDI device
might automatically send a sysex notification (e.g. change to certain mode). Some MIDI devices
send sysex data only when certain option on the device is set.
Every caught sysex command will be added to the list in the center, it will be displayed in
hexadecimal numbers F0 ... F7 (longer sysex data will only be displayed partially, but the complete
received sysex is still remembered) . While the sysex command is not complete it will be displayed
... without the F7 at end, when the sysex transfer completes then the ... F7 will be added.
The current list of sysex messages can be cleared (removes all sysex and resets transfer counters
to 0). Individual sysex commands can be selected inside the list by clicking with the mouse on the
line. Selected sysex commands can be removed by using clear after selection. Selected sysex
commands can be saved to file (.syx or .dmp).
Describe sysex commands
Select one of the received sysex commands and click on the describe ... button. Look into your MIDI
device manual to find out what this sysex command means. First 10 hexadecimal values of the
received sysex are displayed in the edit field. Only a part of the sysex beginning is necessary to
identify the type of command. You can delete unnecessary numbers at end of the sysex or insert
more numbers if less or more bytes are significant to identify the meaning.
Special characters can be used as wildcards to skip meaningless numbers or numbers that are
counters:
? this character inside the hexadecimal sysex part will match any byte number [0-7f]
# this character inside the hexadecimal sysex part will match any byte number [0-7f] and
remembers the byte number of a matching sysex at this position.
The number can be added to
the sysex description using the # character as placeholder
A sysex description text to a matching sysex will be
· displayed for received sysex as [...]
· displayed when sending such a sysex
· added as comment when saving a .dmp file
Currently the describe sysex dialog can only be used to define new descriptions. Modifying or
deleting existing descriptions can only be done by modifying the sysex description file where the
descriptions are stored:
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Following setting in gnmidi.ini tells which file contains the sysex descriptions:
[Settings]
SysexDescriptionFile=describesyx.txt
A stored sysex description in the sysex description file looks like
[KORG i30 change to song mode]
F0 42 30 49 4E 06 F7
This will display description when this sysex is received as:
F0 42 30 49 4E 06 F7 [KORG i30 change to song mode]
For longer sysex data it is sufficient to specify beginning of sysex, the character # can be used as
place holder of a number information that can be used in the description of sysex, e.g.
[KORG i30 style block #]
F0 42 30 49 65 #
will describe sysex F0 42 30 49 65 02 by following line:
F0 42 30 49 65 02 00 20 00 00 00 [KORG i30 style block 2]
Hint: Sysex data in hexadecimal numbers and their meaning can be found in manual of your MIDI
device. Read also in manual to your MIDI device how to receive and send sysex dumps.
Important notice for sending sysex from file
the program waits a certain delay to give the MIDI device enough time to consummate and handle
sysex data (default 5 seconds additionally to the transfer time). That is usually enough time to
decode and store larger data block but can be too small if sending a series of dump requests where
each might deliver much data. If the device has not enough time then it could fail to handle (larger)
sysex data properly.
The default waiting time between sending sysex commands can be changed with following gnmidi.ini
setting:
[Settings]
SendSyxDelay=15000
(this would set the delay to 15 seconds)
Hint: For self defined sysex items you can define the wait time individually for each sysex item.
3.96
Karaoke Editor
This karaoke editor adds your song text to a MIDI file and is used to synchronize song text syllables to
melody notes.
Hint: Unregistered demo version (to try this product) allows to synchronize first half of the song only
(for testing purpose). Registered program version allows to synchronize whole song.
Important: The melody notes must be already available in the MIDI file, without existing melody notes
this editor is not useful to synchronize comfortable, use Synchronization editor instead to synchronize
song text lines.
Start the karaoke editor for the current MIDI document with shortcut key Ctrl-K.
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Choose the melody channel
You are asked to enter the melody channel (1-16).
delete existing lyrics
check this option if existing lyrics should be ignored (that you can start editing from beginning with
empty lyrics)
add note names to lyrics
check this option to add the note names of melody notes as default lyrics (instead of entering a song
text)
Song text
If the song does not contain lyrics yet a dialog is presented where you can enter the full song text.
You can copy the song text from clipboard into
the edit field (open context menu with right mouse click). It is not necessary to enter the song text
here, the song lyrics (syllables) can be entered later direct to the corresponding melody notes.
The entered song text will be split into words and assigned to the melody notes word by word. The
words can be split into syllables later in the editor simply whenever it is required for assigning word
part to a note (the grammar rules for splitting words into syllables don't apply here for this purpose).
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GNMIDI
The Karaoke Editor dialog shows a scrollable table of melody notes and available lyrics:
Columns
· LOCK/UNLOCK (key symbol )
this small column area is used to mark a table row locked (locked when key symbol is displayed).
A locked row is protected against moving or modifying. Use this feature when a line is completely
synchronized so that it won't be moved away by accident. It is not necessary to lock all lines, add
the lock to the last syllable of the line. When adding a line or paragraph row then this row will get
the lock automatically.
· POSITION (beat number.MIDI unit)
this column contains a logical MIDI position for each row, positions cannot be moved, new
positions can be entered between existing positions.
· LYRIC
this column contains words or syllables that are currently assigned to a melody note or other
position. During editing a row (that is not locked) can be selected and then the lyric column will
display an edit field where the lyric text can be entered or modified.
«
is shown in a table cell to break the song text line at this position.
¶
is shown in a table cell to break a paragraph at this position.
· NOTE
This column displays melody notes as coloured bars which display the note name. The horizontal
beginning position of the bar gives a visible hint about the note height (it starts more right if note is
higher). The bar width gives a hint about the note duration (the wider the more longer the note is
played).
Hint: Click (with left mouse button) into LOCK column will toggle the locking state. Click into the other
columns will select the row and offer an edit field for changing the lyric.
Scroll bar
Use the scroll bar to show the rows before or after current table page. Use the arrow keys UP,
DOWN, PAGEUP, PAGEDOWN scroll the rows manually.
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Text preview
The text currently contained in the page rows is displayed in preview area below, this displays also
the line and paragraph breaks, that helps to find out where line or paragraph breaks are still
missing.
insert pos
inserts a new row before current selected row. It suggests a position in the middle of previous and
current row position. The position must be specified in beat.unit e.g. 16.32 . Use this operation when
there are syllables in the song text that should be assigned to a position between two melody notes.
append pos
inserts a new row between current selected row and next row.
Paragraph
appends a paragraph end marker ¶ to current row text. A paragraph separates melody lines that
don't belong to same verse. The row will be locked to prevent it from being moved without intention.
Add paragraph when a song text line is correctly synchronized.
Line
appends a line end marker « to end of current cell text. A line separates two melody sentences
that belong to same verse. The row will be locked to prevent it from being moved without intention.
Add line when a song text line is correctly synchronized.
play/stop
starts playing from song position of the top row of this page till stopped by user or end of song. The
rows will be highlighted at matching row positions. The playing speed is controlled by option
normal/slow. The button caption toggles between play and stop depending on the current playing
state. Warning: Space key can't be used here to start/stop the player since space key is used to
enter the space character into the edit field.
Hint: Playing automatically stops when using an edit operation or selecting a row (by click on the
row).
Hint: Player starts to play directly at the time when the melody note first on the current page begins.
You can force the editor to play some time (in milliseconds) earlier before top row note begins with
following gnmidi.ini setting:
[Settings]
KaraokeEditPlayerStartDelay=2000
normal/slow
the option defines the playing speed when using the play button. Toggle between normal speed and
slow speed. Normal speed will play the MIDI song in original tempo. Slow speed is defined to default
60% of original song tempo.
This setting can be changed in gnmidi.ini file:
[Settings]
KaraokeEditSlowPercent=60
Save
This button saves current karaoke song to a temporary MIDI document (opens a document window).
Don't forget to use Save or Save As operation in the file menu. The resulting MIDI file will be in
format 0 and contain standard MIDI lyrics. Use karaoke conversion or .kar conversion operations to
change the lyrics format.
Cancel
use this button only if you want to abort the editing without saving the modifications. You are asked
to confirm this decision. This is useful when you are trying the Karaoke editor functions.
Move upward
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moves the text in current selected row and rows above up one row till an empty row is found. The
operation will fail if no previous empty row is currently available till first row. Key F5 can be used for
this function.
Move downward
moves the text in current selected row and rows below down one row till an empty row is found. The
operation will fail if no next empty row is currently available till last row. Key F6 can be used for this
function.
Hint: GNMIDI appends empty rows at end of song so that there will be new space for moving
downward when necessary. If there is no free row till next move downward, GNMIDI will try to
generate a new free row by merging the last to syllables before next locked row.
Split syllables
splits a word in current row at cursor position into two syllables. The syllable on the right side will be
moved down one row (including text in next rows) till a free row is found. The operation will fail if no
next empty row is currently available till last row. Key F7 can be used for this function.
Hint: Each time when you split a word into two syllables GNMIDI searches for same words after
current position and tries to split it into syllables same way (only possible if not locked and free row
available till next locked row). This auto split syllables behavior can be turned off with following
gnmidi.ini setting:
[Settings]
KaraokeEditAutoSplit=0
Merge syllables
merges the text of current row and next row to one text in current row. The text of next row will then
be empty. The selection moves down to the empty row. Key F8 can be used for this function. This
function is also necessary when moving text fails, because the function generates empty rows after
merging text rows.
Editor Modes
The Karaoke editor has two modes that can be switched any time by pressing play/stop button:
· PLAY MODE
this mode is used to check if the synchronization is correct by playing from beginning from a song
position where top row is located. Define the playing speed with normal/slow button and play/stop
the current song part. The rows are highlighted white whenever the song reaches a row position
and rows are automatically scrolled into view.
· EDIT MODE
this mode is used to enter or modify lyrics in rows, move rows up or down insert/append new
rows, append line or paragraph breaks, split or merge syllables. Select a row to perform a function
at this text or position.
Enter/modify song text
click with left mouse button into a row (columns 2-4) to select the row for editing. An edit box will be
displayed in this row inside column 2 that contains the current lyric text. You can enter new text or
modify existing text in this edit field. Use arrow keys UP/DOWN to get directly into previous/next row
edit box.
Hint: While entering text it is not important that words/syllables are already entered into the correct
synchronized row. It is easier to synchronize the entered text later where you can split/merge
syllables, move lyrics up or down later quicklier.
Important: Space characters are shown with a point in the middle of the character, so that the are
visible during editing. Spaces between words should be always at end of a syllable. Look into
preview text area so that you can see if words are correctly separated by spaces and that no space
is in middle of one word that is split into syllables.
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Hint: Don't enter special formatting (e.g. .kar format) instructions except line break « and ¶ at end of
syllable. The save operation will save in a standard lyrics format that can be converted with GNMIDI
later (to .kar or other karaoke formats).
Synchronizing song text
for synchronizing syllables you need to move the lyric syllable to the row of the corresponding
melody note or a self defined position between two melody notes. Notes can't be moved only the text
content can be moved up or down into a row that contains the melody note. For moving a row with
empty syllable/word must be available in this direction. Locked rows can't be moved, an error
message will be displayed when no available free row is found that is necessary for moving.
Example for moving text upward (before and after pressing key F5):
Example for moving text downward (before and after pressing key F6):
When no empty row can be found or generated (or a locked row prevents from being moved) then
following message will be displayed:
No free element found that elements can be moved.
Hint: Lock some rows that contain already synchronized text so that this text is not again moved
away by accident by a further move operation.
Hint: It is not necessary that all melody notes have corresponding syllables, sometimes a syllable is
specially interpreted by a series of notes. Rows that don't contain text will be ignored at save. Look
also at position information, when two positions are very close then it can be better that only first of
these rows contains text and second is left empty.
Split words into syllables
First select the row that contains the word, move the cursor in the edit field to the position between
the two characters that are to split into two syllables. Press F7 to split the current word into two parts.
The right half of the word will be moved down into row below. For successful splitting it is necessary
that a row with empty content is available somewhere down, so that next row content can be moved
down.
If no empty row is available then this will be displayed in an error message. Then you should look at
rows below and merge some rows so that at least one free row will be generated. It is possible that
the MIDI song contains less melody notes than are necessary for synchronizing all verses. In this
case it is necessary to delete some verses.
Example for splitting a word into syllables (before and after pressing key F7):
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Hint: Since splitting moves down rows content it is recommended to lock important rows behind
current row that are already synchronized.
Hint: Since the splitting is only done for synchronizing spoken parts of word to notes you don't need
to follow any rules of language grammar here. Split wherever you think that word parts are played by
different notes.
Hint: After each splitting of a word GNMIDI tries to find identical words behind current position and
splits it same way if possible.
Merge syllables to a word or sentence
select the first row of two adjacent rows that contain text that should be merged into one row content.
Press F8 to merge the text of current and next row.
Example for merging two rows to a word or sentence (before and after pressing key F8):
Insert a syllable between two melody notes
Usually song text is directly assigned to melody notes, but in certain cases there is no melody note
available for a syllable (e.g. the song author made a little mistake and forgot to play a note, or the
author uses the pitch bend wheel to play certain parts).
Use the insert or append pos buttons to define a new position between the two melody note
positions. A new row will be inserted where you can enter the text for this position.
Hint: Currently no modify or delete position function is available. Leave the row empty if the position
is not useful for the syllable. Empty rows are not saved.
Add line breaks or paragraph breaks behind synchronized text lines
Each song text lines should be ended with a line break or a paragraph break. Look into the preview
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text area, if the lines are too large then you should break them directly after last syllable of the
sentence. Use line break for lines inside a verse, use paragraph break after last line of a verse.
Rows that contain a line break or a paragraph break will automatically be locked with the key symbol.
That prevents that the synchronized line might be moved by accident. If the line break was added
wrong then unlock this row (click into first column of this row) and delete the « character manually.
Hint: Don't use paragraph break and line break « at same position.
Hint: Unlock all locked lines at once on your own risk with key F9. Use that only when you want
synchronize whole song again from beginning, e.g. if you started with line synchronization editor and
now want to synchronize syllables. It is dangerous to unlock synchronized lines, that lines could be
moved unwanted to wrong positions.
Save a modified karaoke song
First exit the dialog with save button. That will create a MIDI document window in your GNMIDI
environment. Use Save As operation to save the MIDI file.
Hint: The dialog can be resized with help of dialog frame and title bar.
Change the fonts:
The font names and font sizes used by the karaoke editor can be changed by a setting in file
GNMIDI.ini (a text file in your documents folder)
[Settings]
KaraokeEditorFontname=Arial
KaraokeEditorFontsize=11
KaraokePreviewFontname=Courier New
KaraokePreviewFontsize=10
The preview font is used in the box at bottom side. The editor font is used in the list (syllables and
note names).
The [Settings] line already exists in GNMIDI.ini, insert the lines that you want to change if not
existing.
3.97
Synchronization Editor
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GNMIDI
The Synchronization Editor is used to enter song text line and synchronize the song text lines to MIDI
or MP3 song positions. Synchronization can be done comfortably during playing the song.
Hint: If you plan to synchronize syllables, you should directly use Karaoke Editor. For beginners and for
applications where text line synchronization is enough the synchronization editor is simpler and quicker
to use.
Demo limitation
In unregistered demo version (which is for testing only) you can only synchronize first half of the
song. Registered program version synchronizes all song text lines.
Choose a MIDI document window and start the synchronization editor. Shortcut key Ctrl+Z can be
used.
Warning about synchronized syllables that are probably synchronized
If the MIDI file contains song text that is already split into syllables and probably synchronized
syllable by syllable then a warning appears. You should abort if you want to keep the syllables and
better use karaoke editor to check and modify syllables synchronization. If you continue then the
song text will offered for synchronization line by line. Unmodified lines will keep synchronization time
of first syllable in this line, you don't need to synchronize them all again if they are already ok.
Enter the song text
First a dialog is displayed where you must enter the song text. Existing lyrics will be collected from
the MIDI file and displayed in the edit box. You can also copy text from clipboard (use right mouse
button and choose paste). Next dialog does not contain possibility to enter or modify lyrics, so that
must be done in this dialog.
All
when this setting is chosen all lines will be synchronized. Use this to restart synchronization from
beginning.
Part
when this setting is chosen only lines will be synchronized that are set to recordable (REC). To set
lines to state recordable you need to select one or more lines with left mouse button and then click
on option range. Lines without times (--:--:---) don't need to be selected, those lines are automatically
treated as recordable (REC).
Hint: It is important that you first click into lines in the list box and then on the Part check box (even if
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it is already selected). This will
set the selected lines to REC. In part mode the player will start some seconds before the first REC
position, so you can easily repeat
recording from other positions.
Hint: Double click with left mouse button into the list box to unselect all list items at once.
Test
when this setting is chosen all lines are set to not recordable which prevents from modifying current
synchronization during playing. Use this to check synchronization of lines and find out which lines
should be synchronized better.
Synchronization list box
The list box contains song text lines. In front of every synchronized line there is a time position
specified in minutes:seconds.milliseconds e.g. 0:16.168 .
Not yet synchronized lines display a --:--:-- in front of the lines. It will be replaced by the time when
clicking F5 during synchronization.
In front of the lines that are intended to be synchronized at next start (F3) you find word REC
(recordable). All other lines don't have this state, so they won't be changed during playing. Lines
without time --:--:-- are recordable (except in mode Test).
Start (key F3)
starts to play the MIDI song from beginning in selected speed and listens on user key input for
synchronizing next line. Using Start will forget all previous synchronization times from last Start.
Time display
current playing time will be displayed during playing of the MIDI song, it is not displayed when
stopped.
Stop (key F3 while playing)
stops playing the MIDI song and aborts synchronizing. All synchronized song text lines till now are
remembered and can be saved. Use again Start when you want to forget the recent synchronization
try and try it again from beginning. While the song is playing you can use key F3 to stop.
normal / slow speed
select normal or slow speed for playing the MIDI song in original tempo or in a slower tempo (default
60% of the original speed). This setting can be changed in gnmidi.ini file:
[Settings]
KaraokeEditSlowPercent=60
Synchronize next line (key F5 while song is playing)
press the Synchronize button or key F5 every time when the beginning of next line is currently about
to be sung. The next line will be selected and the time position will be displayed in the list box, if the
next line is recordable (REC) otherwise the user command will be ignored with a warning beep.
Undo recent line synchronization (key F6 while song is playing)
when key F5 was pressed too early (before the next song text line really starts) then you can
correct this when you are quickly. Press Undo button or key F6 to set the synchronization status of
previous synchronized line back to --:--:-- (not synchronized yet). At the correct position synchronize
this line again with key F5. If recent line is not recordable (REC) then this operation is ignored with a
warning beep.
Hint: When you pressed key F5 too late then undo doesn't help, you can either accept the wrong
position if it was not too late or stop synchronization and restart again from beginning of the song.
Use option Range to modify synchronization of some selected lines instead of option All where you
need to synchronize all lines again.
Save song with synchronized lyrics
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GNMIDI
Save button integrates standard MIDI lyrics at synchronized times into a MIDI file. All lines that are
not synchronized will get the time of the last synchronized time. Save only creates a temporary MIDI
document, you need to use Save As operation to save the modified song to a MIDI file.
In demo only half synchronization of song will be saved, register to be able to save full song
synchronization.
Results will be saved in standard MIDI lyrics format, use .kar conversion or other lyrics conversion
operations to convert the file.
Synchronize MP3 song text
For playing MP3 song with internal GNMIDI player a working MCI MP3 driver must be installed in
Windows system.
After synchronizing lyric lines the lyrics are stored in a temporary copy of the original MP3 file.
GNMIDI and newest versions of Windows Media player can play MP3 with integrated synchronized
lyrics.
3.98
Seek long notes in song
The operation searches notes within song that play a note for at least 5 seconds or are incomplete
(NOTE ON or NOTE OFF command missing). The result is written to a text file and displayed by
notepad editor. This operation useful when think that there are playing notes too long and want to find
out the reason.
c:\mysong.mid:
channel 6 note c5 vel 91 started
channel 6 note d5 vel 91 started
channel 6 note f5 vel 89 started
channel 6 note a#5 vel 101 started
channel 6 note d#5 vel 102 started
at
at
at
at
at
unit
unit
unit
unit
unit
157200
159120
159120
159120
162480
plays
plays
plays
plays
plays
for
for
for
for
for
duration 11.054 seconds
duration 5.048 seconds
duration 5.580 seconds
duration 41.038 seconds
duration 9.554 seconds
Note start position is displayed in MIDI units. With MIDI calculator you can convert MIDI units to time or
beats or measures.
The 5 seconds period can be changed with following setting in gnmidi.ini file in your personal My
Documents folder:
[Settings]
LongNoteSeconds=10
3.99
Fit improvisation to a score sheet
An improvisation is a music piece that is played live without metronome.
Example of an improvisation (Mozart): in original scores it was 3/4
The MIDI song does not contain enough information to display the song correct as a score sheet
(missing or wrong measures). Minimal tempo differences or playing errors cause unwanted score
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display, the notes are placed at not intended positions and that makes the score sheet hard to read.
This operation does not try to correct errors, instead it uses given measure markers to move these
tact markers to correct logical score sheet positions, without changing the playing noticeably. The
score display will become better the more measure markers are placed precisely.
Example of editing measure markers
Example of an improvisation that was fit to score sheet with this operation (while the MIDI song still
plays identically after the strong modifications!)
Format of measure markers
Measure markers must be entered into the MIDI file before using this operation. Measure markers are
simple text command, which must be inserted at correct position where measures start and which
contain only measure meter information:
Example
4/4
3/4
1/4
6/8
Hint: The measure information must not contain any characters or other symbols in front of this
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number format (e.g. T4/4 or 4:4 is not valid). The measure information may contain other text
(separated by a space) or line separator behind the text (e.g. 1/4 Measure 1). Only one measure
information is allowed per field and position (4/4 3/4 is not valid).
Insert measure markers
Inserting measure markers works best with karaoke editor, when the song does not contain lyrics yet
and when you choose a channel that contains notes which can be used easy to identify a position
where a measure should start. Simply enter the measure information (e.g. 4/4) at the position where
the measure (and often also a note starts). If there is already a karaoke text at same position then it is
best to insert a new karaoke text position with same position where you can enter the measure
information.
Also synchronization editor can be used to enter measure markers, but make sure that you click at
time where the measure starts very precise, which often does not work so exact. If the song already
contains karaoke text then this text might disturb synchronization of measures.
Hint: You need to enter at least two measure markers in a row, that GNMIDI can estimate the measure
duration and guess missing measure markers self. Optimal results require inserting all measure
markers. When tempo of song changes then additional measure markers are required that GNMIDI
knows the new measure duration.
Hint: If no or too few measure markers are inserted then a message will be displayed that more
measure information is necessary.
Hint: GNMIDI tries to modify logical improvised measure length to correct measure length by changing
tempo of this measure without changing duration of the improvisation measure MIDI Tempo is limited
to a certain value range 8-500 bpm. Wrong or extreme measure information could lead to extreme
cases where a very short part must be extended to a very large part (e.g. played part 1/96 to displayed
part 4/4) which could only be reached using a tempo range outside of the valid tempo range, and so in
this case GNMIDI must give up. Try to play the improvisation very close to the original or imaginary
score sheet and try to place all measure markers exactly. Don't force to fit very short played parts into
large displayed measures and reverse.
Hint: The first measure and also an incomplete rest of a measure between start of midi song and first
measure info is very critical. Also this remaining part must fit into a valid measure, a score sheet does
not allow unaligned beginnings. For this area it is recommended to use shorter measure length (e.g.
1/4) to reduce the risk of tempo range overflow.
Warning: MIDI file assumes measure info 4/4 for any part before first explicit set meter info!
Testing
After generating a new MIDI song load this new file into your MIDI sequencer or any software that can
display or print score sheets from midi file input.
Check if the notes are displayed at correct positions, if you have the original score sheets then
compare it with the displayed results.
If notes are positioned inexactly within a measure (e.g. notes that should be at beginning of a measure
are starting early or late) then try to correct the measure markers for this measure position (move or
modify existing measure information or insert a new correct measure marker if it was missing at this
position).
Hint: GNMIDI does not display score sheet, you need a 3rd party MIDI software that is able to display
and print score sheets.
Hint: Real playing errors are not corrected with this operation. If two notes should be displayed at
same measure position but were played with inexact timing then this error could be visible in score
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sheet after fitting. Try to play more precise or correct the playing errors with a MIDI sequencer or using
ASCII conversion.
3.100 Monophon channels
[in menu Modify/Note operations]
Polyphon channels play more notes at a time. This operation reduces and removes overlapping
notes so that each channel plays only single note at a time. Pedal MIDI controllers are removed, since
they influence polyphony too.
Mono phon melody is used in some applications like phone melodies, search by melody (e.g.
parsons code).
Hint:
Create a MIDI file from a polyphon MIDI song by removing all channels except melody channel and
then use this operation to ensure that the melody channel will be monophon.
3.101 Quantise notes
[in menu Modify/Note operations]
Quantise
This operation aligns command positions and note duration at given raster. Quantising is usually
used to correct minimal imprecise note starts (which are caused during live playing).
Channels
This operation can be used with all channels or single channel or some channels at once. Select the
channel numbers in the list box.
Positions
The command positions will be set to closest matching raster position. Raster precision will be
specified in score sheet pause units (e.g. 1/64). This is optional and set by default.
Durations
Note durations will be aligned to an own raster that is given in score sheet note units (e.g. 1/16).
Chosen raster size is minimal note duration too. This is optional and off by default.
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Hint:
Pitchbend commands are not aligned. Use only small raster size when a channel uses Pitchbend
commands.
3.102 Compare MIDI files
[in menu Analyse]
Choose second MIDI file
Open dialog is used to choose a second MIDI file.
Active MIDI file (in current active window) will be compared against the second MIDI file.
Result
A text file will be generated and opened as result that contains two columns (one per file) with different
MIDI commands.
Hint: Comparing could take longer if MIDI files are not very similar (since all differences will be listed in
the file).
Example: only tempo was changed in a MIDI file
FILE c:\midi\deutsch\LIEBESSP.MID
FILE C:\Temp\new00170.mid
Trk 1
Unit
0 Tempo 100.000 bpm
Trk 1
Unit
0 Tempo 110.000 bpm
Example: Some text was modified in a file
FILE c:\midi\deutsch\LIEBESSP.MID
FILE C:\Temp\new00176.mid
Trk 3
Unit
0 Text type 1 length 56 @Tsequenced by Günter Nagler (...
Trk 3
Unit
0 Text type 1 length
@Tsequenced by Günter Nagler
Trk 4
Unit
0 Text type 3 length 6 Melody
Trk 4
Unit
0 Text type 3 length
Trk 5
Unit
0 Text type 3 length 9 whistling
Trk 5
Unit
0 Text type 3 length
Trk 6
Unit
0 Text type 3 length 13 horse running
Trk 6
Unit
0 Text type 3 length
Pferdegalopp
46
7 Melodie
8 Pfeiffen
12
Example: PSR META chords were added to a file
FILE c:\midi\deutsch\LIEBESSP.MID
FILE C:\Temp\new00178.mid
Trk 14
Unit
0 Text type 3 length 48 Chords
guessed by {GNMIDI}
Trk 14
Unit
0 Meta
type 7F length 9
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
0 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
480 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
576 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
672 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
768 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
1056 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
1152 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
1248 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
1344 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
1440 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
00 58 46 30 31 00 11
01 33 00 7F 7F
01 45 00 7F 7F
01 33 00 7F 7F
01 41 08 7F 7F
01 33 00 7F 7F
01 45 00 7F 7F
01 37 00 7F 7F
01 41 08 7F 7F
01 37 00 7F 7F
01 41 08 7F 7F
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
Trk 14
Unit
1536 Meta
type 7F length 7
Trk 14
43 7B 01 37 00 7F 7F
Unit 1632 Meta
124
type 7F length 7
43 7B
01 41 08 7F 7F
Trk 14
Unit
1728 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
1824 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
1920 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
2016 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
2112 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
2304 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
2400 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
2496 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
2592 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
2688 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
2976 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
3072 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
3168 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
3264 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
3360 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
3456 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
3552 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
3648 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
3744 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
3840 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
3936 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
4224 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
4320 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
4416 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
4512 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
4608 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
4704 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
4800 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
4896 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
4992 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
5088 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
5184 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
5280 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
5376 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
5472 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
5568 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
01 37 00 7F 7F
01 41 08 7F 7F
01 37 00 7F 7F
01 00 22 7F 7F
01 41 08 7F 7F
01 33 00 7F 7F
01 45 00 7F 7F
01 33 00 7F 7F
01 41 08 7F 7F
01 33 00 7F 7F
01 45 00 7F 7F
01 37 00 7F 7F
01 41 08 7F 7F
01 37 00 7F 7F
01 41 08 7F 7F
01 37 00 7F 7F
01 41 08 7F 7F
01 37 00 7F 7F
01 41 08 7F 7F
01 37 00 7F 7F
01 41 08 7F 7F
01 33 00 7F 7F
01 41 08 7F 7F
01 33 00 7F 7F
01 45 00 7F 7F
01 33 00 7F 7F
01 45 08 7F 7F
01 33 00 7F 7F
01 45 00 7F 7F
01 37 00 7F 7F
01 41 0A 7F 7F
01 37 00 7F 7F
01 41 08 7F 7F
01 37 00 7F 7F
01 41 08 7F 7F
01 37 00 7F 7F
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
125
GNMIDI
Trk 14
Unit
5664 Meta
type 7F length 7
Trk 14
43 7B 01 45 00 7F 7F
Unit 5856 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
01 37 00 7F 7F
Trk 14
Unit
5952 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
6048 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
6144 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
6240 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
6336 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
6432 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
6528 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
6912 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
7008 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
7104 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
7200 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
7296 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
7392 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
7488 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
7584 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
7680 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
7776 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
7872 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
7968 Meta
type 7F length 7
43 7B
Trk 14
Unit
7968 EndTrk
01 41 08 7F 7F
01 37 00 7F 7F
01 41 08 7F 7F
01 37 00 7F 7F
01 41 08 7F 7F
01 37 00 7F 7F
01 41 08 7F 7F
01 45 08 7F 7F
01 45 00 7F 7F
01 45 08 7F 7F
01 41 08 7F 7F
01 45 08 7F 7F
01 33 00 7F 7F
01 45 08 7F 7F
01 41 08 7F 7F
01 45 08 7F 7F
01 41 08 7F 7F
01 33 00 7F 7F
01 41 08 7F 7F
3.103 Compare all MIDI files
[in menu Analyse]
This batch operation searches for similar or identical MIDI files in two folders.
Source folders
Instead of choosing one source and one destination folder (as most other batch operations ask for) you
must choose two source folders. The MIDI files within these folders are not modified.
Hint: Only this batch operation allows that both folders are identical folder in order to search for similar
MIDI files within one folder. In this case both folder path names must be identically, else it will be
assumed that they are different folders and that would cause finding many duplicate files.
Duration
Before comparing starts it will collect MIDI files and some MIDI information from both folders. Then it
will compare those MIDI files that have similiar information. The duration for this depends on number of
MIDI files in the folder (and sub folders). It could take more time.
Result
At end it generates a text file and displays it with notepad editor, which contains the list of identical or
similar MIDI files.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
126
Differences
To get the difference in more detail you could compare two MIDI files.
3.104 Rename MIDI files by song titles
The first track titles will be read from each MIDI file of selected folder (and sub folders). The title will be
modified to be compatible for filename use and a file extension .mid will be added.
Danger: The original filenames will be renamed! Only use this function with copies of your original
files.
Hint:
First track title should contain reasonable song title that the generated file names will help to find your
MIDI songs within archive.
Hint: This operation can not handle unicode characters if used in song title.
Character translation:
Spaces are replaced against underscores _. Except few special characters from German and
French language special characters are replaced against _. Some characters that are not allowed in
file names are replaced too.
Limit name length for compatibility:
modified title will be cut at maximum length 100 characters.
3.105 Rename track names to their MIDI filename
The file names (without path and file extension) of all MIDI files in selected folder (and sub folders) will
be set as first track titles.
Danger: The files will be modified! Only use copies of your original files to work with this operation!
Hint: Your file names should contain song name or artist/song name.
3.106 Clone channel
Clone
This operation copies an original channel to a new channel (which should not be free yet) and
supports a small delay of the copied MIDI commands. This function will often be used to enhance
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
127
GNMIDI
melody channel by duplication. The delay causes a kind of echo effect.
Old Channel
Der alte Kanal muss in der Originaldatei existieren und MIDI Befehle enthalten. Falls mehrere
Spuren diesen Kanal benutzen wird nur aus der Spur mit den meisten Befehlen kopiert.
New Channel
The new channel should not contain MIDI commands before this operation is used. If all channels
are already in use then one less important channel needs to be deleted before.
Delay (MIDI units)
All copied MIDI commands can be moved by the specified number of MIDI units back (a pause will
be inserted at beginning). Standard value 0 does not cause a delay. Negative values move the
commands towards beginning of the song (pauses are removed). In this case there should be an
existing pause at beginning of original channel which can be reduced.
3.107 Clean MIDI song
[in menu Modify/Controller operations]
Clean
This operation removes unnecessary (unused) MIDI commands before first note plays and removes
repeated (identical) commands during note area.
Sort
MIDI commands during initial area before first note plays (except drum intro notes) are sorted when
they are at same MIDI unit.
Distribute
MIDI commands during initial area before first note plays are distributed by one midi unit and
different unit ranges for each channel
(if there is enough time till first note available) so that the number of initial MIDI commands that
occur at same time are reduced.
You might turn off sort completely or partly using following settings in GNMIDI.INI file:
[Settings]
MidiCleanAllowSort=0
MidiCleanAllowModifyTime=0
MidiCleanAllowDistributeInitTime=0
Hint:
Some critical MIDI commands are not moved or removed (e.g. system exclusive, data controller, all
controls off, RPN controller).
Hint:
This operation is only usable for not more than 16 MIDI channels. If your MIDI device supports more
than 16 channels and your MIDI song uses them then you should not use this function.
Hint:
Check if the resulting file sounds identical to your original file.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
128
3.108 Remove chords
[in menu Modify]
This function removes chords of some common chord formats used in MIDI files:
·
·
·
·
text, lyric, marker chords with following formatting:
PSR Meta chords
BIAB chords
Wordbox sysex chords
[Am] (Am) {Am} "Am" %Am DO RE SOL
Select one or more chord formats in the list box and then use remove selected chord types
or use Remove all chords.
Use OK button to remove the selected chords or use cancel to abort this operation.
Removing chords might be necessary if you need to add chords in a certain format and the song
already contains chords in an other format.
Hint: This operation is available as batch operation.
3.109 Convert MIDI to (.csv) speadsheet
This converter generates a table in format CSV that contains the MIDI content of a MIDI file (for
viewing and modifying with external applications like Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Works,
OpenOffice.org ...).
separator: comma (,) or semicolon (;)
character set: ASCII
special characters: are converted into HTML entities (e.g. &#129; ).
Hint: The separator can be defined in GNMIDI .ini file
[Settings]
CSVColumnSeparator=;
Settings: in menu settings you can decide if related NoteOn/NoteOff pairs should be combined to a
Note line.
Hint: Since version 2.56 the .csv table contains new columns: Time (for all commands) and
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
129
GNMIDI
Duration (for Note, NoteOn commands), which present the position and note duration in
milliseconds, NoteNumber (for Note, NoteOn, NoteOff commands), which show the MIDI note
number corresponding to the note name.
Hint: The .csv file can be modified and may be converted back to a MIDI file.
Hint: If during modification of the table a value in column Unit will be removed then the conversion to
MIDI file will use the value from column Time of same line for the positon calculation.
Hint: If during modification of the table a value from a line Note Zeile the value in column Length will
be removed then the conversion to MIDI file will use the value from column Duration of this line for
the note length length calculation.
Hint: If during modification of the table the entry in column NoteName is missing or invalid then the
number 0-127 from column NoteNumber will be used for Note, NoteOn, NoteOff commands.
3.110 Convert (.csv) spreadsheet to MIDI file
This operation converts tables back to MIDI file that were generated by operation
Convert MIDI to (.csv) spreadsheet.
The .csv file can be viewed or modified with a spreadsheet application (e.g. Microsoft Excel,
Microsoft Works, OpenOffice.org)
separator: comma , or semicolon ;
character set: ASCII
special characters: will be treated as characters from Windows ANSI character set
HTML entities: some HTML entities (e.g. &#129; ) are converted back to a special character.
3.111 Map notes to scale
[in menu Modify/Note operations]
this operation modifies notes from selected channels to match the selected scale key by mapping rules
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
130
defined in the chosen scale mapping file.
Mapping file
is a text file with file extension *.mapscale that contains lines in following format:
keyname [ notename or notename+increment notename-decrement ]
e.g.
C-Major [ c dis+1 d dis+1 e f fis+1 g gis+1 a ais+1 bb ]
if the chosen scale is not listed or a note is not listed in the line for the scale then the notes are not
modified.
Scale key
major and minor scales that can be chosen for the mapping.
Channels
lists the channel numbers (1-16) that chould be modified if necessary.
By default all channels except GM drum channel 10 are selected (1-9 11-16).
Choose a selection from the dropdown list or enter the numbers of channels separated by spaces
e.g. 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 or e.g. 1-9 10-15
3.112 Use a Play list
[in menu player]
A play list is a text file (*.lst) that contains references to existing songs that should be played in a
defined order.
GNMIDI supports two play list formats in files with file extension *.lst:
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
131
GNMIDI
simple format: each line contains a path to an MIDI or MP3 song, if the path is relative then it must
be relative to the location of the *.lst file that contains this path. This format can be edited with a simple
notepad text editor.
property format: this format is read and generated by application playlist.exe, each lines contains an
entry with attributes file="..." filesize="..." title="..."
the title attribute allows to give the entry an alternative title (by default the file name is
used). This format will be used if using playlist.exe and changing title attribute for an entry.
Create new play list
use application playlist.exe to create a new *.lst file, add some songs or all songs from a folder and
optionally sort them manually. Save the play list to a folder where you keep your play lists organised.
Open a play list
choose a play list file with extension *.lst . The application reads the song list and displays errors if the
play list contains problems (mostly if referenced songs are not existing).
A new document opens that shows the song entries with numbers in a table. The current selected
song has blue text color. If any of the songs in the list is currently playing then its name will be
displayed with green text.
Use the following menu operations to change the selected entry (blue colored):
Select previous song in play list (short key ctrl+arrow left)
Select next song in play list
(short key ctrl+arrow right)
Use the following menu operation to play the next selected song (if current selected song was already
playing then this song playing will be stopped and next song behind will be selected and played)
Play next song in play list
(short key shift+space)
3.113 Chord editor
The chord editor collects the chords of different formats from the current midi file and displays
them in a table. One line for each measure and one beat for each quarternote in the measure. It also
displays the lyric words or syllables that begin in a measure.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
GNMIDI operations
132
The chord names in each beat column can be edited. For editing lyrics use the operation edit words.
To edit a chord name double click into a table cell. A dialog appears that shows the position and the
chord name.
The position can be modified if necessary (normally this is not required). Use the format
measure:beat.midiunits (e.g. 11:3.0) where 1:1.0 is the start of the song (first measure, first beat).
The chord name can be entered in the edit text field or if syntax is unclear you could enter a part of the
chord name and drop down the list box to get all possible chord names that match your input.
Select an entry from the list to use this chord.
Use ok to confirm the new chord or use cancel to abort the dialog.
If a measure has 2/4 and other measures have 4/4 then 4 beat columns will be displayed. For the
measure 2/4 only the first 2 beat colums can be used to enter chord.
Deleting a chord or ? symbol (for undetected chords) can be done by double click the cell and
removing the chord name in the text edit box.
After modifying one or more chord cells use ok button to store the new chords in the format as the
original chords had. If the midi song did not contain chords then the chord format lyrics with brackets is
used e.g. [Cm]
Storing chords in BIAB chord format is not supported. Please use the Band-in-a-box application from
PG Music Inc. for modifying BIAB chords.
3.114 Prepare Casio Lightning
[in menu Convert]
Casio has a keyboard serie LK that has the ability to light melody and bass keys while playing. It also
helps learning a song since it lights the key and waits till using it with left and right hands.
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
133
GNMIDI
This operation prepares a MIDI file that the melody and bass notes will be lightening with a Casio LK
keyboard.
If the melody and bass channel are identical then an unused channel is required that the melody and
bass notes can be splitted at middle C note.
Melody channel the operation tries to find out the melody channel and might suggest a channel 116. You can change the melody channel with the combo box drop down arrow.
Bass channel
the operation tries to find out the bass channel and might suggest a channel 1-16.
You can change the bass channel with the combo box drop down arrow.
Use Play bass and melody button to play a reduced midi song that contains only the melody and bass
given above.
Use OK button to start the operation. Use cancel button to abort the operation.
Hint: In demo version this operation writes only the beginning of a song. Please purchase a GNMIDI
license that you can write the whole songs.
Hint: If melody and bass are on same channel this channel must be splitted. For this a free MIDI
channel 1-16 is required.
If no free channel is available you will get an error message. Delete a channel that is not so
important for the playing.
3.115 Future operations
New utilities might be added from time to time. Check out one of the following websites for new
program versions
· http://www.gnmidi.com (Canada)
· http://www.gnmidi.at (Austria)
Send ideas for future operations to info@gnmidi.com (it can't be guaranteed that the ideas will be
implemented in GNMIDI software).
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
Index
Index
-AAdd count-in 94
Add MIDI song copyright information 58
Add secret copyright 62
Add song text to a MIDI song 109
adjust notes to fit into a score sheet 119
Adjust pedal controllers 99
Adjust song volume to common level 82
Align note positions 122
Analyse chords 53
Apply operation to a MIDI folder 32
ASCII text syntax 67
Assign sound program to a channel 77
Automized conversions 32
Available batch operations 15
-BBigger Toolbar buttons 29
Browse MIDI folders 64
-CCalculate MIDI song polyphony 47
Calculate MIDI song positions 74
Calculate song key for a scoresheet 73
Casio 132
change note durations 60
Change note velocities 40
Change song resolution 57
Change song tempo 63
Change song volume 40
Change text fonts 30
Change track sort order 49
change track title 58
Check all MIDI files 63
Check note range of natural instruments used in MIDI
song 64
Check validity of MIDI files 37
Choose MIDI input device 86
Choose MIDI output device 50
Chord font size 13
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
134
Close MIDI document window 35
Combine note on and note off commands during csv
conversion 29
Comparing MIDI files 123
Compress MIDI file size 50
compute Parsons code 92
contact author 9
Continue to play 30 seconds after current song
position 85
Continue to play 30 seconds before current song
position 85
convert guessed chords for a Wordbox MIDI text
player 53
Convert hexadecimal values to decimal values 77
Convert international text characters to ASCII
characters 96
Convert many files at once 32
Convert MIDI melody to keystrokes for Nokia 3310
phone ring tone editor 95
Convert MIDI to readable text 66
Convert MIDI with lyrics to .kar format 47
convert modified ASCII text back to MIDI file 66
Convert RIFF MIDI (.rmi) to standard MIDI (.mid)
37
Convert RTTTL phone melody to MIDI 91
convert song text for use with a Wordbox MIDI text
player 46
Copy channel 126
Copy part of MIDI song into new song 41
Copyright rules 6
Create a cell phone melody 91
create a shortcut to GNMIDI.EXE 6
Create empty song 63
csv 128, 129
Cut part from a MIDI song 41
-DDelay channel 126
Delete all notes from given channels 61
Delete channel 61
Delete channels 61
delete chords 128
Delete hanging notes 65
Delete MIDI tracks 65
Delete mute ending of a MIDI song 47
Delete notes 56
Delete part of song 41
delete track 58
Differences between two MIDI files 123
135
GNMIDI
Display complete MIDI content 66
download newest program version 9
Drag and Drop 9
install GNMIDI 6
install your personal license file
-J-
-E-
Join MIDI files to a MIDI medley song
Edit additional information to a MIDI song
Edit syllables 89
Edit words 89
excel 128, 129
-FFade in MIDI intro 38
Fade out MIDI song 38
Filter MIDI commands 96
Find and delete duplicate notes
Find identical MIDI files 125
Find large pauses 97
find note groups 97
find note parts 97
find note positions 97
Find similar MIDI files 125
84
-KKaraoke editor 109, 116
Karaoke window 13
Key shortcuts 9
License conditions 6
Light 132
LK 132
Lyrics display 13
Lyrics editor 109
Lyrics format conversion
Lyrics line editor 116
46
-M95
48
-HHanging notes 65
How to register 7
Humanize MIDI song timing
39
81
-L-
-GGeneral MIDI compatibility
General MIDI compatiblity
GNMIDI Homepage 31
Guess song tempo 59
6
51
-IIdeas for new operations 133
important Web pages 9
Improvisation 119
Increase MIDI tempo slowly 103
Initialise MIDI device 48
Insert empty measure 94
Insert setup measure 62
Medley 39
Menu 9
Menu bar 14
MIDI document window 10
MIDI format 0 37
1 conversion 37
MIDI Information 10
Mirror song 64
Modify controller values 101
Modify controllers by algorithm 42
Modify text 89
monophon melody 122
Move certain notes to other channel
MP3: add synchronized lyrics 116
Mute channels 61
Mute melody 85
Mute voices 61
56
-NNews about program updates
29
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
Index
Note quantisation
122
-OOnline order 31
Open MIDI 34
openoffice 128, 129
Option to adjust song volume level before playing
MIDI song 82
Option to compress MIDI files at saving 95
Option verbose track information 44
Options to preparing MIDI file before playing the song
49
-PParsons code 92
Pause a MIDI song 85
play list 130
play list format 130
Play MIDI files from a play list 83
Play MIDI files from song archive in random order
83
Play MIDI song 36
Play MIDI with system MIDI player 40
Play MP3 files from a play list 83
Play MP3 files from song archive in random order
83
Play reverse song 64
Play word matching MP3 or MIDI files in random
order 83
playlist 130
playlist.exe 130
Prepare MIDI song before playing 29
Prepare MIDI song for PianoDisc player 79
Prevent MIDI files from printing or editing 80
Print manual 8
print song text 85
Program settings 8
Purchase registration 7
-Rrealistic note range 64
Record a MIDI song from MIDI cable 86
remove chords 128
Remove unnecessary controllers 127
Renumber MIDI channels 52
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
136
Repair corrupt MIDI file 37
Replace drum instruments 56
Replace notes 56
Reset Sysex 95
-SSave modified MIDI file 36
Search words in MIDI files 77
Settings 8
Settings display in a landscape 93
Show player status 75
show song keys 73
Show tempo changes 98
Show text positions 99
Software updates 133
Sort initialising commands 127
SOS 48
Split channel by used sound programs 55
Split channel notes into left and right hand 88
Split drum channel by used drum instruments 55
spreadsheet 128, 129
st3 file import 34
Stop hanging notes 65
Stop MIDI player 36
Synchronize song text lines while playing the MIDI
song 116
Synchronize syllables to melody notes 109
-TText color 13
Text editor 15
Tip of the day 90
Toolbar 9
Transfer sysex data 104
Transpose notes 51
-WWordbox 46, 53
works 128, 129
137
GNMIDI
The GNMIDI software may be tested
free for 14 days. Download the demo
from http://www.gnmidi.com . We hope
that you will enjoy GNMIDI as much as
many satisfied users have told us yet. If
you like GNMIDI please purchase a
GNMIDI license at
http://www.gnmidi.com/gnorderen.htm
Günter Nagler,
GNMIDI author
(c) 1997 Günter Nagler
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