ESET NOD32 Antivirus
ESET NOD32 ANTIVIRUS 6
User Guide
(intended for product version 6.0 and higher)
Microsoft Windows 8 / 7 / Vista / XP / Home Server
Click here to download the most recent version of this document
ESET NOD32 ANTIVIRUS
Copyright 2013 by ESET, spol. s r. o.
ESET NOD32 Antivirus was developed by ESET, spol. s r. o.
For more information visit www.eset.com.
All rights reserved. No part of this documentation may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval
system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying,
recording, scanning, or otherwise without permission in writing from the author.
ESET, spol. s r. o. reserves the right to change any of the described application software
without prior notice.
Worldwide Customer Support: www.eset.com/support
REV. 1/24/2013
Contents
1. ESET
NOD32 Antivirus 6
..................................................5
1.1
What's
........................................................................5
new
1.2 System
........................................................................6
requirements
1.3 Prevention
........................................................................6
2. Installation
..................................................8
2.1 Live installer
........................................................................8
2.2 Offline
........................................................................9
installation
2.2.1
Typical
.................................................................................10
installation
2.2.2
Custom
.................................................................................10
installation
2.3 Product
........................................................................11
activation
2.4 Entering
........................................................................11
username and password
4.2.2.1
4.2.2.1.1
4.2.2.2
4.2.3
4.2.3.1
4.2.3.2
4.2.3.3
4.2.3.3.1
4.2.3.3.2
4.2.3.4
4.2.3.4.1
4.2.3.4.1.1
4.2.3.4.1.2
4.2.3.4.1.3
4.2.4
HTTP,.............................................................................37
HTTPs
Active
...............................................................................38
mode for web browsers
URL address
.............................................................................38
management
Protocol
.................................................................................39
filtering
Web .............................................................................39
and email clients
Excluded
.............................................................................40
applications
Excluded
.............................................................................41
IP addresses
Add...............................................................................41
IPv4 address
Add...............................................................................41
IPv6 address
SSL protocol
.............................................................................42
checking
Certificates
...............................................................................42
Trusted
............................................................................42
certificates
Excluded
............................................................................43
certificates
Encrypted
............................................................................43
SSL communication
Anti-Phishing
.................................................................................43
protection
4.3 Updating
........................................................................44
the program
4.3.1
Update
.................................................................................47
setup
2.6 Computer
........................................................................12
scan
4.3.1.1
Update
.............................................................................48
profiles
4.3.1.2
Advanced
.............................................................................48
update setup
3. Beginner's
guide
..................................................13
4.3.1.2.1
Update
...............................................................................48
mode
4.3.1.2.2 Proxy
...............................................................................49
server
3.1 Introducing
........................................................................13
user interface design
4.3.1.2.3
Connecting
...............................................................................49
to the LAN
3.2 Updates
........................................................................15
4.3.1.3
Update
.............................................................................50
rollback
4.3.2
How
.................................................................................51
to create update tasks
4. Work
with ESET NOD32 Antivirus
..................................................16
2.5 Upgrading
........................................................................12
to a more recent version
4.4 Tools........................................................................51
4.1 Computer
........................................................................17
4.4.1
Log
.................................................................................52
files
4.1.1
Antivirus
.................................................................................18
and antispyware
4.4.1.1
Log maintenance
.............................................................................53
4.1.1.1
Real-time
.............................................................................18
file system protection
4.4.2
Scheduler
.................................................................................53
4.1.1.1.1
Advanced
...............................................................................19
scan options
4.4.3
Protection
.................................................................................54
statistics
4.1.1.1.2
Cleaning
...............................................................................20
levels
4.4.4
Watch
.................................................................................55
activity
4.1.1.1.3
When to modify real-time protection
4.4.5
ESET
.................................................................................55
SysInspector
configuration
...............................................................................20
4.4.6
ESET
.................................................................................56
Live Grid
4.1.1.1.4
Checking
...............................................................................21
real-time protection
4.4.6.1
Suspicious
.............................................................................56
files
4.1.1.1.5
What
...............................................................................21
to do if real-time protection does not work
4.4.7
Running
.................................................................................57
processes
4.1.1.2
Computer
.............................................................................21
scan
4.4.8
Quarantine
.................................................................................58
4.1.1.2.1
Custom
...............................................................................22
scan launcher
4.4.9
Proxy
.................................................................................59
server setup
4.1.1.2.2
Scan...............................................................................23
progress
4.4.10
Alerts
.................................................................................60
and notifications
4.1.1.2.3
Scan...............................................................................24
profiles
4.4.10.1
Message
.............................................................................61
format
4.1.1.3
Startup
.............................................................................24
scan
4.4.11
Submission
.................................................................................61
of files for analysis
4.1.1.3.1
Automatic
...............................................................................24
startup file check
4.4.12
System
.................................................................................62
updates
4.1.1.4
Idle-state
.............................................................................25
scanning
interface
4.1.1.5
Exclusions
.............................................................................25 4.5 User........................................................................62
4.5.1
Graphics
.................................................................................62
4.1.1.6
ThreatSense
.............................................................................26
engine parameters setup
4.5.2
Alerts
.................................................................................63
and notifications
4.1.1.6.1
Objects
...............................................................................26
4.5.2.1
Advanced
.............................................................................63
setup
4.1.1.6.2
Options
...............................................................................27
4.5.3
Hidden
.................................................................................63
notification
windows
4.1.1.6.3
Cleaning
...............................................................................27
4.5.4
Access
.................................................................................63
setup
4.1.1.6.4
Extensions
...............................................................................27
4.5.5
Program
.................................................................................64
menu
4.1.1.6.5
Limits
...............................................................................28
4.5.6
Context
.................................................................................65
menu
4.1.1.6.6
Other
...............................................................................28
4.5.7
Gamer
.................................................................................65
mode
4.1.1.7
An infiltration
.............................................................................28
is detected
4.1.1.8
Document
.............................................................................30
protection
5. Advanced
user
..................................................66
4.1.2
Removable
.................................................................................30
media
4.1.2.1
Filtering
.............................................................................31
rules
5.1 Profile
........................................................................66
manager
4.1.2.2
Edit filtering
.............................................................................31
rule
5.2 Keyboard
........................................................................66
shortcuts
4.1.3
Host-based
.................................................................................32
Intrusion Prevention System (HIPS)
5.3 Diagnostics
........................................................................67
4.2 Web........................................................................34
and email
5.4 Import
........................................................................67
and export settings
4.2.1
Email
.................................................................................34
client protection
4.2.1.1
4.2.1.1.1
4.2.1.2
4.2.1.3
4.2.2
Integration
.............................................................................35
with email clients
Email
...............................................................................35
client protection configuration
IMAP,.............................................................................36
IMAPS scanner
POP3,.............................................................................36
POP3S filter
Web
.................................................................................37
access protection
5.5 Idle ........................................................................67
state detection
5.6 ESET
........................................................................68
SysInspector
5.6.1
Introduction
.................................................................................68
to ESET SysInspector
5.6.1.1
Starting
.............................................................................68
ESET SysInspector
5.6.2
5.6.2.1
5.6.2.2
5.6.2.2.1
5.6.2.3
5.6.3
5.6.4
5.6.4.1
5.6.4.2
5.6.4.3
5.6.5
5.6.6
User
.................................................................................69
Interface and application usage
Program
.............................................................................69
Controls
Navigating
.............................................................................70
in ESET SysInspector
Keyboard
...............................................................................71
shortcuts
Compare
.............................................................................72
Command
.................................................................................73
line parameters
Service
.................................................................................74
Script
Generating
.............................................................................74
Service script
Structure
.............................................................................74
of the Service script
Executing
.............................................................................77
Service scripts
FAQ
.................................................................................77
ESET SysInspector as part of ESET NOD32
Antivirus
.................................................................................78
5.7 ESET........................................................................78
SysRescue
5.7.1
Minimum
.................................................................................79
requirements
5.7.2
How
.................................................................................79
to create rescue CD
5.7.3
Target
.................................................................................79
selection
5.7.4
Settings
.................................................................................79
5.7.4.1
Folders
.............................................................................80
5.7.4.2
ESET.............................................................................80
Antivirus
5.7.4.3
Advanced
.............................................................................80
settings
5.7.4.4
Internet
.............................................................................80
protocol
5.7.4.5
Bootable
.............................................................................81
USB device
5.7.4.6
Burn .............................................................................81
5.7.5
Working
.................................................................................81
with ESET SysRescue
5.7.5.1
Using.............................................................................81
ESET SysRescue
5.8 Command
........................................................................81
Line
6. Glossary
..................................................84
6.1 Types
........................................................................84
of infiltration
6.1.1
Viruses
.................................................................................84
6.1.2
Worms
.................................................................................84
6.1.3
Trojans
.................................................................................84
6.1.4
Rootkits
.................................................................................85
6.1.5
Adware
.................................................................................85
6.1.6
Spyware
.................................................................................85
6.1.7
Packers
.................................................................................85
6.1.8
Potentially
.................................................................................86
unsafe applications
6.1.9
Potentially
.................................................................................86
unwanted applications
6.2 Email
........................................................................86
6.2.1
Advertisements
.................................................................................86
6.2.2
Hoaxes
.................................................................................87
6.2.3
Phishing
.................................................................................87
6.2.4
Recognizing
.................................................................................87
spam scams
1. ESET NOD32 Antivirus 6
ESET NOD32 Antivirus 6 represents a new approach to truly integrated computer security. The most recent version of
the ThreatSense® scanning engine utilizes speed and precision to keep your computer safe. The result is an intelligent
system that is constantly on alert for attacks and malicious software that might endanger your computer.
ESET NOD32 Antivirus 6 is a complete security solution that combines maximum protection and a minimal system
footprint. Our advanced technologies use artificial intelligence to prevent infiltration by viruses, spyware, trojan horses,
worms, adware, rootkits, and other threats without hindering system performance or disrupting your computer.
Features and benefits
Antivirus and antispyware
Proactively detects and cleans more known and unknown viruses, worms,
trojans and rootkits. Advanced heuristic detection technology flags even
never-before-seen malware, protecting you from unknown threats and
neutralizing them before they can do any harm. Web access and Anti-Phishing
protection works by monitoring communication between web browsers and
remote servers (including SSL). Email client protection provides control of email
communication received through the POP3(S) and IMAP(S) protocols.
Regular updates
Regularly updating virus signature database and program modules is the best
method for ensuring the maximum level of security on your computer.
ESET Live Grid
(Cloud-powered Reputation)
You can check the reputation of running processes and files directly from ESET
NOD32 Antivirus.
Removable media control
Automatically scans all USB flash drives, memory cards and CDs/DVDs. Blocks
removable media based on type of media, manufacturer, size and other
attributes.
HIPS functionality
You can customize the behavior of the system in greater detail; specify rules for
the system registry, active processes and programs, and fine-tune your
security posture.
Gamer mode
Postpones all pop-up windows, updates or other system-intensive activities to
conserve system resources for gaming or other full-screen activities.
A license needs to be active in order for features of ESET NOD32 Antivirus to be operational. It is recommended that
you renew your license several weeks before the license for ESET NOD32 Antivirus expires.
1.1 What's new
Rollback previous virus signature database
If you suspect that a virus signature database or product module update may be unstable or corrupt, you can roll back
to the previous version and disable updates for a set period of time.
Improved Anti-Phishing protection
ESET NOD32 Antivirus will display a warning notification with several options when a web browser attempts to access
websites or domains catalogued in the ESET malware database.
Regular full scan
For increased security, ESET NOD32 Antivirus version 6 can regularly perform a full scan of your computer during idle
time. The scan is optimized not to run when the computer is operating on battery power.
Regular full scans help detect inactive threats on the computer and improve ESET cloud information about known and
unknown threats or files.
Scanning improvements of downloaded files
In previous versions, files downloaded from the internet were scanned by ESET only after they were completely
downloaded. ESET NOD32 Antivirus version 6 scans specific file types (e.g. archives) during the download process so
that the user does not have to wait until after the download process for files to be scanned.
Unified application notifications
The design and layout of all notification windows has been unified across version 6.
5
1.2 System requirements
For seamless operation of ESET NOD32 Antivirus, your system should meet the following hardware and software
requirements:
Microsoft® Windows® XP
400 MHz 32-bit (x86) / 64-bit (x64)
128MB RAM of system memory
320 MB available space
Super VGA (800 x 600)
Microsoft® Windows® 8, 7, Vista, Home Server
1 GHz 32-bit (x86) / 64-bit (x64)
512MB RAM of system memory
320 MB available space
Super VGA (800 x 600)
1.3 Prevention
When you work with your computer, and especially when you browse the Internet, please keep in my mind that no
antivirus system in the world can completely eliminate the risk of infiltrations and attacks. To provide maximum
protection and convenience, it is essential that you use your antivirus solution correctly and adhere to several useful
rules:
Update regularly
According to statistics from ESET Live Grid, thousands of new, unique infiltrations are created each day in order to
bypass existing security measures and bring profit to their authors – all at the expense of other users. The specialists at
the ESET Virus Lab analyze these threats on a daily basis and prepare and release updates in order to continually
improve the level of protection for our users. To ensure the maximum effectiveness of these updates it is important that
updates are configured properly on your system. For more information on how to configure updates, see the Update
setup chapter.
Download security patches
The authors of malicious software often exploit various system vulnerabilities in order to increase the effectiveness of
spreading malicious code. With this in mind, software companies watch closely for any vulnerabilities in their
applications to appear and release security updates to eliminate potential threats on a regular basis. It is important to
download these security updates as they are released. Microsoft Windows and web browsers such as Internet Explorer
are two examples of programs for which security updates are released on a regular schedule.
Back up important data
Malware writers usually do not care about users’ needs, and the activity of malicious programs often leads to total
malfunction of an operating system and the loss of of important data. It is important to regularly back up your
important and sensitive data to an external source such as a DVD or external hard drive. This will make it far easier and
faster to recover your data in the event of system failure.
Regularly scan your computer for viruses
Detection of more known and unknown viruses, worms, trojans and rootkits are handled by the Real-time file system
protection module. This means that every time you access or open a file, it is scanned for a malware activity. We
recommend that you run a full Computer scan at least once a month because malware signatures may vary and the
virus signature database updates itself each day.
6
Follow basic security rules
This is the most useful and most effective rule of all – always be cautious. Today, many infiltrations require user
intervention in order to be executed and distributed. If you are cautious when opening new files, you will save
considerable time and effort that would otherwise be spent cleaning infiltrations from your computer. Here are some
useful guidelines:
Do not visit suspicious websites with multiple pop-ups and flashing advertisements.
Be careful when installing freeware programs, codec packs, etc. Only use safe programs and only visit safe Internet
websites.
Be cautious when opening email attachments, particularly those from mass-mailed messages and messages from
unknown senders.
Don't use an Administrator account for everyday work on your computer.
7
2. Installation
There are several methods for installing ESET NOD32 Antivirus on your computer. Installation methods may vary
depending on country and means of distribution:
Live installer can be downloaded from the ESET website. The installation package is universal for all languages
(choose a desired language). Live installer itself is a small file; additional files required to install ESET NOD32 Antivirus
will be downloaded automatically.
Offline installation – This type of installation is used when installing from a product CD/DVD. It uses an .msi file that is
larger than the Live installer file and does not require an internet connection or additional files for the completion of
installation.
Important: Make sure that no other antivirus programs are installed on your computer before you install ESET NOD32
Antivirus. If two or more antivirus solutions are installed on a single computer, they may conflict with each other. We
recommend that you uninstall any other antivirus programs on your system. See our ESET Knowledgebase article for a
list of uninstaller tools for common antivirus software (available in English and several other languages).
2.1 Live installer
Once you have downloaded the Live installer installation package, double-click the installation file and follow the stepby-step instructions in the installer window.
Important: For this type of installation you must be connected to Internet.
Select your desired language from the Select product language drop-down menu and click Install. Allow a few
moments for installation files to download.
After you accept the End-User License Agreement, you will be prompted to configure ESET Live Grid. ESET Live Grid
helps ensure that ESET is immediately and continuously informed about new threats in order to protect our customers.
The system allows you to submit new threats to the ESET Virus Lab where they are analyzed, processed and added to
the virus signature database.
By default, Yes, I want to participate is selected, which will activate this feature.
By default, ESET NOD32 Antivirus installs to the folder C:\Program Files\ESET\ESET NOD32 Antivirus\. To specify the
location where ESET NOD32 Antivirus will be installed, click Change....
The next step in the installation process is to configure detection of potentially unwanted applications. Potentially
unwanted applications are not necessarily malicious, but can negatively affect the behavior of your operating system.
See the Potentially unwanted applications chapter for more details.
Click Next to start the installation process.
8
2.2 Offline installation
Once you launch the offline installation (.msi) package, the installation wizard will guide you through the setup process.
First, the program checks to see if a newer version of ESET NOD32 Antivirus is available. If a newer version is found you
will be notified in the first step of the installation process. If you select Download and install new version, the new
version will be downloaded and installation will continue. Next, the End-User License Agreement will be displayed.
Please read the agreement and click Accept to acknowledge your acceptance of the End-User License Agreement. After
you accept, installation will continue in one of the following ways:
1. If you are installing ESET NOD32 Antivirus on a computer for the first time, you will see the window below. Here you
can choose between a Typical installation and a Custom installation and continue accordingly.
2. If you are installing ESET NOD32 Antivirus over a previous version, you can opt to use your current program settings
for your new installation; or you can select the checkbox next to Ajdust current settings and choose between the
two aforementioned installation modes (custom or typical).
9
2.2.1 Typical installation
Typical installation mode provides configuration options appropriate for most users. These settings provide excellent
security, easy setup and high system performance. Typical installation mode is the default option and is recommended
for users who do not require specific settings.
For more instructions about installation steps, ESET Live Grid and Detection of potentially unwanted applications,
follow the instructions in the aforementioned section (see “Live installer”).
Click Install to begin installation once you are finished.
2.2.2 Custom installation
Custom installation mode is designed for users who have experience with fine-tuning programs and who wish to
modify advanced settings during installation.
After selecting this installation mode and clicking Next, you will be prompted to select a location for the installation. By
default, the program installs to the following directory:
C:\Program Files\ESET\ESET NOD32 Antivirus\
Click Browse… to change this location (not recommended).
Click Next to configure your Internet connection. If you use a proxy server, it must be correctly configured for virus
signature updates to work. If you are not sure whether you use a proxy server to connect to the Internet, select Use
the same settings as Internet Explorer (Recommended) and click Next. If you do not use a proxy server, select I do
not use a proxy server.
To configure your proxy server settings, select I use a proxy server and click Next. Enter the IP address or URL of your
proxy server in the Address field. In the Port field, specify the port where the proxy server accepts connections (3128 by
default). In the event that the proxy server requires authentication, enter a valid Username and Password to grant
access to the proxy server. Proxy server settings can also be copied from Internet Explorer if desired. To do this, click
Apply and confirm the selection.
Custom installation allows you to define how automatic program updates will be handled on your system. Click
Change... to access advanced settings.
If you do not want program components to be updated, select Never update program components. Select Ask
before downloading program components to display a confirmation window each time the system attempts to
download program components. To download program component upgrades automatically, select Always update
program components.
NOTE: After a program component update, a restart is usually required. We recommend selecting If necessary, restart
computer without notifying.
10
The next installation window offers the option to set a password to protect your program settings. Select Protect
configuration settings with a password and enter your password into the the New password and Confirm new
password fields. This password will be required to change or access the settings of ESET NOD32 Antivirus. When both
password fields match, click Next to continue.
To complete the next installation steps, ESET Live Grid and Detection of potentially unwanted applications, follow
the instructions in the Live installer section (see “Live installer”).
Click Install in the Ready to install window to complete installation.
2.3 Product activation
After the installation is complete, you will be prompted to activate your product.
There are several methods for activating your product. Availability of a particular activation scenario in the activation
window may vary depending on the country, as well as the means of distribution (CD/DVD, ESET web page, etc.).
If you purchased a retail boxed version of the product, select Activate using an Activation Key. The Activation Key is
usually located inside or on the back side of the product package. The Activation Key must be entered as supplied for
activation to be successful.
If you received a Username and Password, select Activate using a Username and Password and enter your
credentials into the appropriate fields.
If you would like to evaluate ESET NOD32 Antivirus before making a purchase, select Activate Trial License. Fill in your
email address and country to activate ESET NOD32 Antivirus for a limited time. Your test license will be emailed to you.
Trial licenses can only be activated once per customer.
If you do not have a license and would like to buy one, click Purchase License. This will redirect you to the website of
your local ESET distributor.
Select Activate Later if you would like to quickly evaluate our product and do not wish to activate it immediately, or if
you would like to activate your product at a later time.
You can also activate your copy of ESET NOD32 Antivirus directly from the program. Click the Program menu icon
located in the top right corner or right-click on the ESET NOD32 Antivirus icon in the system tray
Activate your product... from the menu.
and select
2.4 Entering username and password
For optimal functionality, it is important that the program is automatically updated. This is only possible if the correct
Username and Password are entered in Update setup.
If you did not enter your Username and Password during installation, you can do so now. In the main program
window, click Help and support and then Activate License and enter the license data you received with your ESET
security product into the Product activation window.
When entering your Username and Password, it is important to type them exactly as they are written:
The username and password are case sensitive and the hyphen in the username is necessary.
The password is ten characters long and all lowercase.
We do not use the letter L in passwords (use the number one (1) instead).
A big '0' is the number zero (0), a little 'o' is the lowercase letter o.
We recommend copying and pasting the data from the registration email to ensure accuracy.
11
2.5 Upgrading to a more recent version
New versions of ESET NOD32 Antivirus are issued to implement improvements or fix issues that cannot be resolved by
automatic updates to program modules. Upgrading to a more recent version can be accomplished in several ways:
1. Automatically, by means of a program update.
Since the program upgrade is distributed to all users and may have an impact on certain system configurations, it is
issued after a long testing period to ensure functionality with all possible system configurations. If you need to
upgrade to a newer version immediately after its release, use one of the methods below.
2. Manually, in the main program window by clicking Install/Check for updates in the Update section.
3. Manually, by downloading and installing a more recent version over the previous one.
At the beginning of installation, you can choose to modify current program settings by selecting Adjust current
settings.
2.6 Computer scan
After installing ESET NOD32 Antivirus, you should perform a computer scan to check for malicious code. In the main
program window, click Computer scan and then click Smart scan. For more information about computer scans, see
the section Computer scan.
12
3. Beginner's guide
This chapter provides an initial overview of ESET NOD32 Antivirus and its basic settings.
3.1 Introducing user interface design
The main program window of ESET NOD32 Antivirus is divided into two main sections. The primary window on the
right displays information that corresponds to the option selected from the main menu on the left.
The following is a description of options within the main menu:
Home – Provides information about the protection status of ESET NOD32 Antivirus.
Computer scan – This option allows you to configure and launch a Smart scan or Custom scan.
Update – Displays information about virus signature database updates.
Setup – Select this option to adjust your security level for Computer, Web and email.
Tools – Provides access to Log files, Protection statistics, Watch activity, Running processes, Scheduler, Quarantine,
ESET SysInspector and ESET SysRescue.
Help and support – Provides access to help files, the ESET Knowledgebase, the ESET website and links to open a
Customer Care support request.
The Home screen informs you about the security and current protection level of your computer. The green Maximum
protection status indicates that maximum protection is ensured.
The status window also displays frequently used features in ESET NOD32 Antivirus. Information about the program’s
expiration date can also be found here.
What to do if the program doesn't work properly?
If the modules enabled are working properly, the Protection status icon will be green. A red exclamation point or
orange notification indicates that maximum protection is not ensured. Additional information about the protection
status of each module, as well as suggested solutions for restoring full protection, will be displayed under Home. To
13
change the status of individual modules, click Setup and select the desired module.
The red icon signals critical problems – maximum protection of your computer is not ensured. Possible reasons are:
Real-time file system protection is disabled
Outdated virus signature database
Product not activated
Product license is expired
The orange icon indicates that Web access or Email client protection is disabled, there is a problem updating the
program (outdated virus signature database, cannot update) or the license is nearing its expiration date.
Product not activated – This problem is signaled by a red icon and security notification next to the Computer item
(see screenshot above). You can activate ESET NOD32 Antivirus from the program menu by clicking Activate your
product.... The program menu is located in the upper right-hand corner of the main program window.
Antivirus and antispyware protection disabled – This problem is signaled by a red icon and a security notification
next to the Computer item (see screenshot above). You can re-enable antivirus and antispyware protection by clicking
on Start all antivirus and antispyware protection modules.
Web access protection disabled – This problem is signaled by a yellow icon with an "i" and the Security notification
status. You can re-enable Web access protection by clicking on the security notification and selecting Enable Web
access protection.
Your license will expire soon – This is indicated by the protection status icon displaying an exclamation point next to
the system clock. After your license expires, the program will not be able to update and the Protection status icon will
turn red.
License expired – This is indicated by the Protection status icon turning red. The program is not able to update after the
license expires. We recommend following the instructions in the alert window to renew your license.
If you are unable to solve a problem using the suggested solutions, click Help and support to access the help files or
search the ESET Knowledgebase. If you still need assistance, you can submit a support request. ESET Customer Care
will respond quickly to your questions and help find a resolution.
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3.2 Updates
Updating the virus signature database and updating program components is an important part of protecting your
system against malicious code. Pay careful attention to their configuration and operation. In the main menu, click
Update and then click Update virus signature database to check for a virus signature database update.
If the Username and Password were not entered during activation of ESET NOD32 Antivirus you will be prompted for
them at this point.
The Advanced setup window (click Setup in the main menu and then click Enter advanced setup..., or press F5 on your
keyboard) contains additional update options. Click Update in the Advanced setup tree to the left. The Update server
drop-down menu is greyed out and set to Choose automatically. To configure advanced update options such as
update mode, proxy server access and LAN connections, click Setup... .
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4. Work with ESET NOD32 Antivirus
The ESET NOD32 Antivirus setup options allow you to adjust the protection levels of your computer.
The Setup menu contains following:
Computer
Web and Email
Click any component to adjust the advanced settings of the corresponding protection module.
Computer protection setup allows you to enable or disable the following components:
Real-time file system protection – All files are scanned for malicious code when they are opened, created or run on
your computer.
Document protection – The document protection feature scans Microsoft Office documents before they are
opened, as well as files downloaded automatically by Internet Explorer, such as Microsoft ActiveX elements.
Removable media protection – This module allows you to scan, block or adjust extended filters/permissions and
select how the user can access and work with a given device (CD/DVD/USB...).
HIPS – The HIPS system monitors the events within the operating system and reacts to them according to a
customized set of rules.
Gamer mode – Enables or disables Gamer mode. You will receive a warning message (potential security risk) and the
main window will turn orange after enabling Gamer mode.
Anti-Stealth protection – Detects dangerous programs, such as rootkits, which hide themselves from the operating
system and ordinary testing techniques.
Web and Email protection setup allows you to enable or disable the following components:
Web access protection – If enabled, all traffic through HTTP or HTTPS is scanned for malicious software.
Email client protection – Monitors communication received through POP3 and IMAP protocol.
Anti-Phishing protection – Filters websites suspected of distributing content intended to manipulate users into
submitting confidential information.
NOTE: Document protection will be also in the Enabled state after enabling the option (Enter advanced setup... (F5) >
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Computer > Antivirus and antispyware > Document protection > Integrate into system).
To re-enable the protection of the disabled security component, click Disabled and then Enable.
NOTE: When disabling protection using this method, all disabled parts of protection will be enabled after a computer
restart.
There are additional options at the bottom of the setup window. Use the Product activation... link to open a
registration form that will activate your ESET security product and send you an email with your authentication data
(username and password). To load setup parameters using an .xml configuration file, or to save the current setup
parameters to a configuration file, use the Import and export settings... option.
4.1 Computer
The Computer module can be found in the Setup pane after clicking on the Computer title. It shows an overview of all
protection modules. To turn off individual modules temporarily, click Enabled > Disable for... next the desired module.
Note that this may decrease the protection of your computer. To access detailed settings for each module, click
Configure....
Click Edit exclusions... to open the Exclusion setup window, which allows you to exclude files and folders from
scanning.
Temporarily disable Antivirus and antispyware protection – Disables all antivirus and antispyware protection
modules. When you disable protection, the Temporary disable protection window will open, allowing you to
determine how long protection is disabled by selecting a value from the Time interval drop-down menu.. Click OK to
confirm.
Computer scan setup... – Click to adjust the parameters of the on-demand scanner (manually executed scan).
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4.1.1 Antivirus and antispyware
Antivirus and antispyware protection guards against malicious system attacks by controlling file, email and Internet
communication. If a threat with malicious code is detected, the Antivirus module can eliminate it by first blocking it, and
then cleaning, deleting or moving it to quarantine.
Scanner options for all protection modules (e.g. Real-time file system protection, Web access protection, ...) allow you
to enable or disable detection of the following:
Potentially unwanted applications (PUAs) are not necessarily intended to be malicious, but may affect the
performance of your computer in a negative way.
Read more about these types of applications in the glossary.
Potentially unsafe applications refers to legitimate commercial software that has the potential to be misused for
malicious purposes. Examples of potentially unsafe applications include remote access tools, password-cracking
applications, and keyloggers (programs recording each keystroke typed by a user). This option is disabled by default.
Read more about these types of applications in the glossary.
Potentially suspicious applications include programs compressed with packers or protectors. These types of
protectors are often exploited by malware authors to evade detection.
Anti-Stealth technology is a sophisticated system providing detection of dangerous programs such as rootkits, which
are able to hide themselves from the operating system. This means it is not possible to detect them using ordinary
testing techniques.
4.1.1.1 Real-time file system protection
Real-time file system protection controls all antivirus-related events in the system. All files are scanned for malicious
code at the moment they are opened, created or run on your computer. Real-time file system protection is launched at
system startup.
Real-time file system protection checks all types of media and is triggered by various system events such as accessing a
file. Using ThreatSense technology detection methods (as described in the ThreatSense engine parameter setup
section), Real-time file system protection may vary for newly created files and existing files. For newly created files, it is
possible to apply a deeper level of control.
To ensure a minimal system footprint when using real-time protection, files which have already been scanned are not
scanned repeatedly (unless they have been modified). Files are scanned again immediately after each virus signature
database update. This behavior is configured using Smart optimization. If this is disabled, all files are scanned each
time they are accessed. To modify this option, press F5 to open the Advanced setup window and click Computer >
Antivirus and antispyware > Real-time file system protection in the Advanced setup tree. Then click Setup... next
to ThreatSense engine parameter setup, click Other and select or deselect Enable Smart optimization.
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By default, Real-time file system protection launches at system startup and provides uninterrupted scanning. In special
cases (e.g., if there is a conflict with another real-time scanner), real-time protection can be terminated by deselecting
Start Real-time file system protection automatically.
Media to scan
By default, all types of media are scanned for potential threats:
Local drives – Controls all system hard drives.
Removable media – Diskettes, CD/DVDs, USB storage devices, etc.
Network drives – Scans all mapped drives.
We recommend that you keep the default settings and only modify them in specific cases, such as when scanning
certain media significantly slows data transfers.
Scan on (Event-triggered scanning)
By default, all files are scanned upon opening, creation or execution. We recommend that you keep the default
settings, as these provide the maximum level of real-time protection for your computer:
File open – Enables or disables scanning of opened files.
File creation – Enables or disables scanning of newly created or modified files.
File execution – Enables or disables scanning of executed files.
Removable media access – Enables or disables scanning triggered by accessing particular removable media with
storage space.
4.1.1.1.1 Advanced scan options
More detailed setup options can be found under Computer > Antivirus and antispyware > Real-time system
protection > Advanced setup.
Additional ThreatSense parameters for newly created and modified files – The probability of infection in newlycreated or modified files is comparatively higher than in existing files. For this reason, the program checks these files
with additional scanning parameters. Along with common signature-based scanning methods, advanced heuristics are
used which can detect new threats before the virus signature database update is released. In addition to newly-created
files, scanning is also performed on self-extracting files (.sfx) and runtime packers (internally compressed executable
files). By default, archives are scanned up to the 10th nesting level and are checked regardless of their actual size. To
modify archive scan settings, deselect the Default archive scan settings option.
Additional ThreatSense parameters for executed files – By default, advanced heuristics are not used when files are
executed. However, in some cases you may want to enable this option (by checking the Advanced heuristics on file
execution option). Note that advanced heuristics may slow the execution of some programs due to increased system
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requirements. While the Advanced heuristics on executing files from removable media option is enabled, if you wish
to exclude some removable media (USB) ports from being scanned by advanced heuristics on file execution, click
Exceptions... to open the removable media drive exclusions window. In this window, you can customize the settings
by selecting or deselecting the checkboxes that represent each port.
4.1.1.1.2 Cleaning levels
Real-time protection has three cleaning levels (to access, click Setup... in the Real-time file system protection section
and then click Cleaning).
No cleaning – Infected files will not be cleaned automatically. The program will display a warning window and allow the
user to choose an action. This level is designed for more advanced users who know which steps to take in the event of
an infiltration.
Standard cleaning – The program will attempt to automatically clean or delete an infected file based on a predefined
action (depending on the type of infiltration). Detection and deletion of an infected file is signaled by a notification the
bottom-right corner of the screen. If it is not possible to select the correct action automatically, the program provides
other follow-up actions. The same happens when a predefined action cannot be completed.
Strict cleaning – The program will clean or delete all infected files. The only exceptions are the system files. If it is not
possible to clean them, the user is prompted to select an action by a warning window.
Warning: If an archive contains a file or files which are infected, there are two options for dealing with the archive. In
standard mode (Standard cleaning), the whole archive would be deleted if all the files it contains are infected files. In
Strict cleaning mode, the archive would be deleted if it contains at least one infected file, regardless of the status of the
other files in the archive.
4.1.1.1.3 When to modify real-time protection configuration
Real-time protection is the most essential component of maintaining a secure system. Always be careful when
modifying its parameters. We recommend that you only modify its parameters in specific cases. For example, if there is
a conflict with a certain application or real-time scanner of another antivirus program.
After installating ESET NOD32 Antivirus, all settings are optimized to provide the maximum level of system security for
users. To restore the default settings, click the Default button located at the bottom-right of the Real-time file
system protection window (Advanced setup > Computer > Antivirus and antispyware > Real-time file system
protection).
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4.1.1.1.4 Checking real-time protection
To verify that real-time protection is working and detecting viruses, use a test file from eicar.com. This test file is a
harmless file detectable by all antivirus programs. The file was created by the EICAR company (European Institute for
Computer Antivirus Research) to test the functionality of antivirus programs. The file is available for download at http://
www.eicar.org/download/eicar.com
4.1.1.1.5 What to do if real-time protection does not work
In this chapter, we describe problem situations that may arise when using real-time protection, and how to
troubleshoot them.
Real-time protection is disabled
If real-time protection was inadvertently disabled by a user, it needs to be reactivated. To reactivate real-time
protection, navigate to Setup in the main program window and click Real-time file system protection.
If real-time protection is not initiated at system startup, it is usually because the Start Real-time file system
protection automatically option is deselected. To enable this option, navigate to Advanced setup (F5) and click
Computer > Antivirus and antispyware > Real-time file system protection in the Advanced setup tree. In the
Advanced setup section at the bottom of the window, make sure that the Start Real-time file system protection
automatically checkbox is selected.
If Real-time protection does not detect and clean infiltrations
Make sure that no other antivirus programs are installed on your computer. If two real-time protection shields are
enabled at the same time, they may conflict with each other. We recommend that you uninstall any other antivirus
programs on your system before installing ESET.
Real-time protection does not start
If real-time protection is not initiated at system startup (and the Start Real-time file system protection
automatically option is enabled), it may be due to conflicts with other programs. If this is the case, please contact
ESET Customer Care.
4.1.1.2 Computer scan
The on-demand scanner is an important part of your antivirus solution. It is used to perform scans of files and folders
on your computer. From a security standpoint, it is essential that computer scans are not just run when an infection is
suspected, but regularly as part of routine security measures. We recommend that you perform regular in-depth scans
of your system to detect viruses that are not captured by Real-time file system protection when they are written to the
disk.This can happen if Real-time file system protection is disabled at the time, the virus database is obsolete or the file
is not detected as a virus when it is saved to the disk.
Two types of Computer scan are available. Smart scan quickly scans the system with no need for further configuration
of the scan parameters. Custom scan allows you to select from predefined scan profiles designed to target specific
locations, and also lets you choose specific scan targets.
Smart scan
Smart scan allows you to quickly launch a computer scan and clean infected files with no need for user intervention. The
advantage of Smart scan is it is easy to operate and does not require detailed scanning configuration. Smart scan
checks all files on local drives and automatically cleans or deletes detected infiltrations. The cleaning level is
automatically set to the default value. For more detailed information on types of cleaning, see Cleaning.
Custom scan
Custom scan lets you specify scanning parameters such as scan targets and scanning methods. The advantage of
Custom scan is the ability to configure the parameters in detail. Configurations can be saved to user-defined scan
profiles, which can be useful if scanning is repeatedly performed with the same parameters.
Removable media scan
Similar to Smart scan – quickly launch a scan of removable media (such as CD/DVD/USB) that are currently connected to
the computer. This may be useful when you connect a USB flash drive to a computer and wish to scan its content for
malware and other potential threats.
This type of scan can be also initiated by clicking Custom scan, and then selecting Removable media from the Scan
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targets drop-down menu and clicking Scan.
See Scan progress for more information about the scanning process.
We recommend that you run a computer scan at least once a month. Scanning can be configured as a scheduled task
from Tools > Scheduler.
4.1.1.2.1 Custom scan launcher
If you wish not to scan entire disk space but only a specific target, you can use the Custom scan tool by clicking
Computer scan > Custom scan and select an option from the Scan targets drop-down menu or select specific targets
from the folder (tree) structure.
Scan targets window allows you to define which objects (memory, drives, sectors, files and folders) are scanned for
infiltrations. Select targets from the tree structure, which lists all devices available on the computer. The Scan targets
drop-down menu allows you to select predefined scan targets.
By profile settings – Selects targets set in the selected scan profile.
Removable media – Selects diskettes, USB storage devices, CD/DVD.
Local drives – Selects all system hard drives.
Network drives – Selects all mapped network drives.
No selection – Cancels all selections.
To quickly navigate to a scan target or to directly add a desired target (folder or file(s)), enter it in the blank field below
the folder list. This is only possible if no targets were selected in the tree structure and the Scan targets menu is set to
No selection.
Infected items are not cleaned automatically. Scanning without cleaning can be used to obtain an overview of the
current protection status. If you are only interested in scanning the system without additional cleaning actions, select
the Scan without cleaning option. Furthermore, you can choose from three cleaning levels by clicking Setup... >
Cleaning. Information about scanning is saved to a scan log.
You can choose a profile from the Scan profile drop-down menu to be used for scanning chosen targets. The default
profile is Smart scan. There are two more pre-defined scan profiles called In-depth scan and Context menu scan.
Differences between these scan profiles are in the use of different ThreatSense engine parameters during a computer
scan. Click the Setup... button to set up chosen scan profile from the Scan profile menu in detail. The available options
are described in Scanner setup.
Use the Save button that saves changes made in target selection, including selections made within the folder tree
structure.
Click Scan to execute the scan with custom parameters that you have set.
The Scan as Administrator button allows you to execute the scan under the Administrator account. Click this if the
currently logged user doesn't have enough privileges to access the appropriate files to be scanned. Note that this
button is not available if currently logged user cannot call UAC operations as Administrator.
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4.1.1.2.2 Scan progress
The scan progress window shows the current status of the scan and information about the number of files found that
contain malicious code.
NOTE: It is normal that some files, such as password protected files or files being exclusively used by the system
(typically pagefile.sys and certain log files), cannot be scanned.
The progress bar shows the percentage of already-scanned objects compared to objects still waiting to be scanned.
This value is derived from the total number of objects included in a scan.
Tips
Click the magnifier or arrow to show details about the scan which is currently running.
You can run another parallel scan by clicking on Smart scan or Custom scan....
Objects – Shows the total number of scanned files, threats found and threats cleaned during a scan.
Target – The name of the currently scanned object and its location.
After all scans computer takes no action – Enables you to create a scheduled shutdown or reboot when the
computer scan finishes. Once the scan has finished, a shutdown confirmation dialog window will open with a 60
second timeout. Click this option again to deactivate the selected action.
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4.1.1.2.3 Scan profiles
Your preferred scan parameters can be saved for future scanning. We recommend that you create a different profile
(with various scan targets, scan methods and other parameters) for each regularly used scan.
To create a new profile, open the Advanced setup window (F5) and click Computer > Antivirus and antispyware >
Computer scan > Profiles.... The Configuration profiles window includes the Selected profile drop-down menu that
lists existing scan profiles and the option to create a new one. To help you create a scan profile to fit your needs, see
the ThreatSense engine parameters setup section for a description of each parameter of the scan setup.
Example: Suppose that you want to create your own scan profile and the Smart scan configuration is partially suitable,
but you don’t want to scan runtime packers or potentially unsafe applications and you also want to apply Strict
cleaning. In the Configuration profiles window, click the Add... button. Enter the name of your new profile in the
Profile name field and select Smart scan from the Copy settings from profile drop-down menu. Then, adjust the
remaining parameters to meet your requirements.
4.1.1.3 Startup scan
The automatic startup file check will be performed on system startup or virus signature database update. This scan is
dependent upon the Scheduler configuration and tasks.
The startup scan options is part of a System startup file check scheduler task. To modify its settings, navigate to Tools
> Scheduler, click on Automatic startup file check and then Edit... button. In the last step, the Automatic startup file
check window will appear (see the following chapter for more details).
For detailed instructions about Scheduler task creation and management, see Creating new tasks.
4.1.1.3.1 Automatic startup file check
When creating a System startup file check scheduled task, you have several options to adjust the following parameters:
The Scan level drop-down menu specifies the scan depth for files run at system startup. Files are arranged in ascending
order according to the following criteria:
Only the most frequently used files (least files scanned)
Frequently used files
Commonly used files
Rarely used files
All registered files (most files scanned)
Two specific Scan level groups are also included:
Files run before user logon – Contains files from locations that may be accessed without the user being logged in
(includes almost all startup locations such as services, browser helper objects, winlogon notify, Windows scheduler
entries, known dll's, etc.).
Files run after user logon – Contains files from locations that may only be accessed after a user has logged in
(includes files that are only run by a specific user, typically files in
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run).
Lists of files to be scanned are fixed for each aforementioned group.
Scan priority – The level of priority used to determine when a scan will start:
Normal – at an average system load,
Lower – at a low system load,
Lowest – when the system load is the lowest possible,
When idle – the task will be performed only when the system is idle.
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4.1.1.4 Idle-state scanning
Idle scanner can be configured and enabled in Advanced setup under Computer > Antivirus and antispyware > Idlestate scanning. When the computer is in idle state, then a silent computer scan is performed on all local drives. See
also Idle state detection triggers (e.g. screen saver, user logoff), which must be met in order to run the Idle scanner.
By default, Idle scanner does not run when the computer (notebook) is powered from the battery and is not connected
to the power grid. However, you can override this exception here.
Click Enable logging to see computer scan output in the Log files section (from the main program window click Tools >
Log files and from the Log drop-down menu choose Computer scan).
The last setting here is ThreatSense engine parameter setup. Click Setup... if you wish to modify several scan
parameters (e.g. detection methods).
4.1.1.5 Exclusions
Exclusions enable you to exclude files and folders from scanning. To ensure that all objects are scanned for threats, we
recommend only creating exceptions when it is absolutely necessary. However, there are situations where you may
need to exclude an object, for example large database entries that would slow your computer during a scan or software
that conflicts with the scan.
To exclude an object from scanning:
1. Click Add...,
2. Enter the path to an object or select it in the tree structure.
You can use wildcards to cover a group of files. A question mark (?) represents a single variable character whereas an
asterisk (*) represents a variable string of zero or more characters.
Examples
If you wish to exclude all files in a folder, type the path to the folder and use the mask “*.*”.
To exclude an entire drive including all files and subfolders, use the mask "D:\*".
If you want to exclude doc files only, use the mask “*.doc“.
If the name of an executable file has a certain number of characters (and characters vary) and you only know the first
one for sure (say “D”), use the following format: “D????.exe”. Question marks replace the missing (unknown)
characters.
Note: A threat within a file will not be detected by the Real-time file system protection module or Computer scan
module if a file meets the criteria for exclusion from scanning.
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Path – Path to excluded files and folders.
Threat – If there is a name of a threat next to an excluded file, it means that the file is only excluded for the given threat,
not completely. If that file becomes infected later with other malware, it will be detected by the antivirus module. This
type of exclusion can only be used for certain types of infiltrations and it can be created either in the threat alert window
reporting the infiltration (click Show advanced options and then select Exclude from detection), or by clicking Setup
> Quarantine and then right-clicking the quarantined file and selecting Restore and exclude from detection from the
context menu.
Add... – Excludes objects from detection.
Edit... – Enables you to edit selected entries.
Remove – Removes selected entries.
4.1.1.6 ThreatSense engine parameters setup
ThreatSense is technology consists of many complex threat detection methods. This technology is proactive, which
means it also provides protection during the early spread of a new threat. It uses a combination of several methods
(code analysis, code emulation, generic signatures, virus signatures) which work in concert to significantly enhance
system security. The scanning engine is capable of controlling several data streams simultaneously, maximizing the
efficiency and detection rate. ThreatSense technology also successfully eliminates rootkits.
The ThreatSense technology setup options allow you to specify several scan parameters:
File types and extensions that are to be scanned,
The combination of various detection methods,
Levels of cleaning, etc.
To enter the setup window, click the Setup... button located in any module‘s setup window which uses ThreatSense
technology (see below). Different security scenarios could require different configurations. With this in mind,
ThreatSense is individually configurable for the following protection modules:
Real-time file system protection,
Document protection,
Email client protection,
Web access protection,
Computer scan.
ThreatSense parameters are highly optimized for each module, and their modification can significantly influence system
operation. For example, changing parameters to always scan runtime packers, or enabling advanced heuristics in the
Real-time file system protection module, could result in a system slow-down (normally, only newly-created files are
scanned using these methods). We recommend that you leave the default ThreatSense parameters unchanged for all
modules except Computer scan.
4.1.1.6.1 Objects
The Objects section allows you to define which computer components and files will be scanned for infiltrations.
Operating memory – Scans for threats that attack the operating memory of the system.
Boot sectors – Scans boot sectors for the presence of viruses in the master boot record.
Email files – The program supports the following extensions: DBX (Outlook Express) and EML.
Archives – The program supports the following extensions: ARJ, BZ2, CAB, CHM, DBX, GZIP, ISO/BIN/NRG, LHA,
MIME, NSIS, RAR, SIS, TAR, TNEF, UUE, WISE, ZIP, ACE, and many others.
Self-extracting archives – Self-extracting archives (SFX) are archives needing no specialized programs – archives – to
decompress themselves.
Runtime packers – After executing, runtime packers (unlike standard archive types) decompress in memory. In
addition to standard static packers (UPX, yoda, ASPack, FSG, etc.), the scanner supports (thanks to code emulation)
many more types of packers.
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4.1.1.6.2 Options
Use the Options section to select the methods used when scanning the system for infiltrations. The following options
are available:
Heuristics – A heuristic is an algorithm analyzing the (malicious) activity of programs. The main advantage is the ability
to identify malicious software which did not exist, or was not identified by previous virus signatures databases. The
disadvantage is the small probability of false alarms.
Advanced heuristics/DNA/Smart signatures – Advanced heuristics consist of a unique heuristic algorithm developed
by ESET, optimized for detecting computer worms and trojan horses and written in high level programming languages.
Thanks to advanced heuristics, the detection capabilities of the program are significantly higher. Signatures can reliably
detect and identify viruses. Utilizing the automatic update system, new signatures are available within a few hours of a
threat discovery. The disadvantage of signatures is that they only detect viruses they know (or their slightly modified
versions).
ESET Live Grid – Thanks to ESET's reputation technology, information about scanned files is verified against data from
the cloud-based ESET Live Grid to improve detection and scanning speed.
4.1.1.6.3 Cleaning
The cleaning settings determine the behavior of the scanner while cleaning infected files. There are 3 levels of cleaning:
No cleaning – Infected files will not be cleaned automatically. The program will display a warning window and allow the
user to choose an action. This level is designed for more advanced users who know which steps to take in the event of
an infiltration.
Standard cleaning – The program will attempt to automatically clean or delete an infected file based on a predefined
action (depending on the type of infiltration). Detection and deletion of an infected file is signaled by a notification the
bottom-right corner of the screen. If it is not possible to select the correct action automatically, the program provides
other follow-up actions. The same happens when a predefined action cannot be completed.
Strict cleaning – The program will clean or delete all infected files. The only exceptions are the system files. If it is not
possible to clean them, the user is prompted to select an action by a warning window.
Warning: If an archive contains a file or files which are infected, there are two options for dealing with the archive. In
standard mode (Standard cleaning), the whole archive would be deleted if all the files it contains are infected files. In
Strict cleaning mode, the archive would be deleted if it contains at least one infected file, regardless of the status of the
other files in the archive.
4.1.1.6.4 Extensions
An extension is a part of a file name delimited by a period. An extension defines the type and content of a file. This
section of the ThreatSense parameter setup lets you define the types of files to scan.
By default, all files are scanned regardless of their extension. Any extension can be added to the list of files excluded
from scanning. If the Scan all files option is deselected, the list changes to show all currently scanned file extensions.
To enable scanning files without an extension, select the Scan extensionless files option. The Do not scan
extensionless files option becomes available when the Scan all files option is enabled.
Excluding files is sometimes necessary if scanning certain file types prevents the program which is using the extensions
from running properly. For example, it may be advisable to exclude the .edb, .eml and .tmp extensions when using
Microsoft Exchange servers.
Using the Add and Remove buttons, you can allow or prohibit scanning of specific file extensions. Typing an Extension
activates the Add button, which adds the new extension to the list. Select an extension in the list and then click the
Remove button to delete that extension from the list.
The special symbols * (asterisk) and ? (question mark) can be used. The asterisk substitutes any character string, and the
question mark substitutes any symbol. Particular care should be taken when specifying excluded addresses, because
the list should only contain trusted and safe addresses. Similarly, it is necessary to ensure that the symbols * and ? are
used correctly in this list.
To scan the default set of extensions only, click Default and click Yes when prompted to confirm.
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4.1.1.6.5 Limits
The Limits section allows you to specify the maximum size of objects and levels of nested archives to be scanned:
Maximum object size – Defines the maximum size of objects to be scanned. The given antivirus module will then scan
only objects smaller than the size specified. This option should only be changed by advanced users who may have
specific reasons for excluding larger objects from scanning. Default value: unlimited.
Maximum scan time for object (sec.) – Defines the maximum time value for scanning of an object. If a user-defined
value has been entered here, the antivirus module will stop scanning an object when that time has elapsed, regardless
of whether the scan has finished. Default value: unlimited.
Archive nesting level – Specifies the maximum depth of archive scanning. Default value: 10.
Maximum size of file in archive – This option allows you to specify the maximum file size for files contained in archives
(when they are extracted) that are to be scanned. Default value: unlimited.
If scanning of an archive is prematurely terminated for these reasons, the archive checkbox will remain unchecked.
Note: We do not recommend changing the default values; under normal circumstances, there should be no reason to
modify them.
4.1.1.6.6 Other
You can configure the following options in the Other section:
Log all objects – If this option is selected, the log file will show all the scanned files, even those not infected. For
example, if an infiltration is found within an archive, the log will list also clean files contained within the archive.
Enable Smart optimization – With Smart Optimization enabled, the most optimal settings are used to ensure the
most efficient scanning level, while simultaneously maintaining the highest scanning speeds. The various protection
modules scan intelligently, making use of different scanning methods and applying them to specific file types. If the
Smart Optimization is disabled, only the user-defined settings in the ThreatSense core of the particular modules are
applied when performing a scan.
When configuring ThreatSense engine parameters setup for a Computer scan, the following options are also available:
Scan alternate data streams (ADS) – Alternate data streams used by the NTFS file system are file and folder
associations which are invisible by ordinary scanning techniques. Many infiltrations try to avoid detection by disguising
themselves as alternate data streams.
Run background scans with low priority – Each scanning sequence consumes a certain amount of system resources.
If you work with programs that place a high load on system resources, you can activate low priority background
scanning and save resources for your applications.
Preserve last access timestamp – Select this option to keep the original access time of scanned files instead of
updating them (e.g., for use with data backup systems).
Scroll scan log – This option allows you to enable/disable log scrolling. If selected, information scrolls upwards within
the display window.
4.1.1.7 An infiltration is detected
Infiltrations can reach the system from various entry points such as webpages, shared folders, via email or from
removable devices (USB, external disks, CDs, DVDs, diskettes, etc.).
Standard behavior
As a general example of how infiltrations are handled by ESET NOD32 Antivirus, infiltrations can be detected using
Real-time file system protection,
Web access protection,
Email client protection, or
On-demand computer scan,
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Each uses the standard cleaning level and will attempt to clean the file and move it to Quarantine or terminate the
connection. A notification window is displayed in the notification area at the bottom right corner of the screen. For
more information about cleaning levels and behavior, see Cleaning.
Cleaning and deleting
If there is no predefined action to take for Real-time file system protection, you will be prompted to select an option in
the alert window. Usually the options Clean, Delete and No action are available. Selecting No action is not
recommended, as this will leave infected files uncleaned. The exception to this is when you are sure that a file is
harmless and has been detected by mistake.
Apply cleaning if a file has been attacked by a virus that has attached malicious code to the file. If this is the case, first
attempt to clean the infected file in order to restore it to its original state. If the file consists exclusively of malicious
code, it will be deleted.
If an infected file is “locked“ or in use by a system process, it will usually only be deleted after it is released (normally after
a system restart).
Multiple threats
If any infected files were not cleaned during Computer scan (or the Cleaning level was set to No Cleaning), an alert
window prompting you to select actions for those files is displayed. Select actions for the files (actions are set
individually for each file in the list) and then click Finish.
Deleting files in archives
In Default cleaning mode, the entire archive will be deleted only if it contains infected files and no clean files. In other
words, archives are not deleted if they also contain harmless clean files. Use caution when performing a Strict cleaning
scan, with Strict cleaning enabled the archive will be deleted if it contains at least one infected file regardless of the
status of other files in the archive.
If your computer is showing signs of a malware infection, e.g., it is slower, often freezes, etc., we recommend that you
do the following:
Open ESET NOD32 Antivirus and click Computer scan,
Click Smart scan (for more information, see Computer scan),
After the scan has finished, review the log for the number of scanned, infected and cleaned files.
If you only wish to scan a certain part of your disk, click Custom scan and select targets to be scanned for viruses.
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4.1.1.8 Document protection
The Document protection feature scans Microsoft Office documents before they are opened, as well as files
downloaded automatically by Internet Explorer such as Microsoft ActiveX elements. Document protection provides a
layer of protection in addition to Real-time file system protection, and can be disabled to enhance performance on
systems that are not exposed to a high volume of Microsoft Office documents.
Integrate into system activates the protection system. To modify this option, press F5 to open the Advanced setup
window and click Computer > Antivirus and antispyware > Document protection in the Advanced setup tree. When
activated, you can see Document protection in the main program window of ESET NOD32 Antivirus in Setup >
Computer.
This feature is activated by applications that use Microsoft Antivirus API (e.g., Microsoft Office 2000 and higher, or
Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.0 and higher).
4.1.2 Removable media
ESET NOD32 Antivirus provides automatic removable media (CD/DVD/USB/...) control. This module allows you to scan,
block or adjust extended filters/permissions and select how the user can access and work with a given device. This may
be useful if the computer administrator wishes to prevent the users from using removable media with unsolicited
content.
Supported removable media
CD/DVD/Blu-ray
USB key
USB drive
FireWire
Action to take after inserting removable media – Select the default action that will be performed when a removable
media device is inserted into the computer (CD/DVD/USB). If the Show scan options option is selected, a notification
will display which allows you to choose a desired action:
Scan now – An on-demand computer scan of the inserted removable media device will be performed.
Scan later – No action will be performed and the New device detected window will be closed.
Setup... – Opens the Removable media setup section.
Removable media blocking rules – Select this option to block all removable media connected to the computer. If you
wish some media to be available, then exclude it from blocking.
Click Rules... to allow or block access to selected removable media. You can manage extended rules for removable
media in this window. Rules can be filtered by media size, serial number and device type. Each rule has its own
permissions, so you can allow, limit or block access to the selected removable media. More details on removable media
scanning and blocking can be found in the Edit filtering rule chapter.
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4.1.2.1 Filtering rules
The Filter device access window displays existing extended rules for removable media.
Category – Removable media type (CD/DVD/USB...).
Description – Filter device rules description.
Rights – Associated permissions of given devices, that match the criteria set by filter.
New – Create a new filtering removable media rule.
Edit – Select one row and click this button to change the existing rule.
Delete (Del) – Removes the selected rule.
4.1.2.2 Edit filtering rule
To add or edit an existing filtering rule click New or Edit in the Filter device access window. The following device
settings and options are available in the Filter device access window.
Device
Device type – Choose the removable media type from the list (CD/DVD/USB).
Serial number – A removable media has usually its own serial number. In case of a CD/DVD, this is the serial number
of the given media, not CD drive.
Vendor – Filtering by vendor name or ID.
Model – The given name of the device (typically chosen by the owner or vendor).
Model version – Optional, the version of the given device, if it's available.
Media size – By enabling this option you can define conditional filter devices (greater than, equal, lower than) by
media size (bytes, megabytes, etc.).
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Note: Filtering parameters in all text fields are handled case-sensitive and no wildcards (*, ?) are supported. They have
to be written exactly as delivered by the vendor. Click the Populate with connected device parameters... option to
choose/fill with removable media device parameters for devices connected to your computer.
Rights
Deny access – Access to the device will not be granted. A device blocking information window will appear when an
attempt to access a device will be performed.
Read – User can read files from a given removable media.
Read and write – Full control over the removable media.
User
Add – Opens the Object type: Users or Groups dialog window, that allows you to select desired users.
Remove – Removes the selected user from the filter.
4.1.3 Host-based Intrusion Prevention System (HIPS)
Host-based Intrusion Prevention System (HIPS) protects your system from malware and unwanted activity
attempting to negatively affect your computer. HIPS utilizes advanced behavioral analysis coupled with the detection
capabilities of network filtering to monitor running processes, files and registry keys. HIPS is separate from Real-time
file system protection and is not a firewall; it monitors only processes running within the operating system.
HIPS can be found in Advanced setup (F5) by clicking on Computer > HIPS. The HIPS state (enabled/disabled) is shown
in the ESET NOD32 Antivirus main window, in the Setup pane, on the right side of the Computer section.
HIPS settings are located in Advanced setup (F5). To access HIPS in the Advanced Setup tree, click Computer > HIPS.
The HIPS state (enabled/disabled) is displayed in the ESET NOD32 Antivirus main window, in the Setup pane on the
right side of the Computer section.
Warning: Changes to HIPS settings should only be made by an experienced user.
ESET NOD32 Antivirus has a built-in Self-defense technology that prevents malicious software from corrupting or
disabling your antivirus and antispyware protection.
Changes to the Enable HIPS and Enable Self-defense settings take effect after the Windows operating system is
restarted. Disabling the entire HIPS system also requires a computer restart to take effect.
Filtering can be performed in one of four modes:
Automatic mode with rules – Operations are enabled, except pre-defined rules that protect your system.
Interactive mode – User will be prompted to confirm operations.
Policy-based mode – Operations not defined by a rule can be blocked.
Learning mode – Operations are enabled and a rule is created after each operation. Rules created in this mode can
be viewed in the Rule editor, but their priority is lower than the priority of rules created manually or rules created in
the automatic mode. After selecting Learning mode, the Notify about learning mode expiration in X days option
becomes active. After that time period is over, learning mode is disabled again. The maximum time period is 14 days.
After this time period is over, a pop-up window will open in which you can edit the rules and select a different filtering
mode.
The HIPS system monitors events inside the operating system and reacts accordingly based on rules similar to the rules
used by the personal firewall in ESET Smart Security. Click Configure rules... to open the HIPS rule management
window. Here you can select, create, edit or delete rules.
In the following example, we will demonstrate how to restrict unwanted behavior of applications:
1. Name the rule and select Block from the Action drop-down menu.
2. Open the Target applications tab. Leave the Source applications tab blank to apply your new rule to all
applications attempting to perform any of the selected operations in the Operations list on applications in the Over
these applications list.
3. Select Modify state of another application (all operations are described in product help, which can be accessed by
pressing F1).
4. Add one or several applications you wish to protect.
5. Select the Notify user check box to display a notification any time that a rule is applied.
6. Click OK to save the new rule.
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A dialog window is shown every time if Ask is the default action. It allows the user to choose to Deny or Allow the
operation. If the user does not choose an action in the given time, a new action is selected based on the rules.
The dialog window allows you to create a rule based on any new action that HIPS detects and then define the
conditions under which to allow or deny that action. Settings for the exact parameters can be accessed by clicking on
Show Options. Rules created like this are considered equal to rules created manually, so a rule created from a dialog
window can be less specific than the rule that triggered that dialog window. This means that after creating such a rule,
the same operation can trigger the same window.
The Temporarily remember this action for this process option causes the action (Allow / Deny) to be used until a
change of rules or filtering mode, a HIPS module update or a system restart. After any of these three actions,
temporary rules will be deleted.
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4.2 Web and email
Web and email configuration can be found in the Setup pane by clicking on Web and email. From here you can access
more detailed settings of the program.
Internet connectivity is a standard feature for personal computers. Unfortunately, the Internet has become the primary
medium for distributing malicious code. For this reason it is essential that you carefully consider your Web access
protection settings.
Email client protection provides control of email communication received through POP3 and IMAP protocol. Using
the plug-in program for your email client, ESET NOD32 Antivirus provides control of all communications to and from
your email client (POP3, MAPI, IMAP, HTTP).
It is possible to disable the web/email protection module temporarily by clicking Enabled.
Configure ... – Opens web/email protection advanced settings.
4.2.1 Email client protection
Email protection provides control of email communication received through the POP3 and IMAP protocols. Using the
plug-in for Microsoft Outlook and other e-mail clients, ESET NOD32 Antivirus provides control of all communications
from the email client (POP3, MAPI, IMAP, HTTP). When examining incoming messages, the program uses all the
advanced scanning methods provided by the ThreatSense scanning engine. This means that detection of malicious
programs takes place even before being matched against the virus signature database. Scanning of POP3 and IMAP
protocol communications is independent of the email client used.
The options for this functionality are available through Advanced setup > Web and email > Email client protection.
ThreatSense engine parameter setup – The advanced virus scanner setup enables you to configure scan targets,
detection methods, etc. Click Setup... to display the detailed virus scanner setup window.
After an email has been checked, a notification with the scan result can be appended to the message. You can select to
Append tag messages to received and read mail, as well as Append tag messages to sent mail. The tag messages
cannot be relied on without question, since they may be omitted in problematic HTML messages or can be forged by
some viruses. The tag messages can be added to received and read email, to sent email, or both. The available options
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are:
Never – No tag messages will be added at all.
To infected email only – Only messages containing malicious software will be marked as checked (default).
To all scanned email – The program will append messages to all scanned email.
Append note to the subject of received and read/sent infected email – Select this checkbox if you want email
protection to include a virus warning in the subject of an infected email. This feature allows for simple, subject-based
filtering of infected emails (if supported by your email program). It also increases the level of credibility for the recipient
and, if an infiltration is detected, provides valuable information about the threat level of a given email or sender.
Template added to the subject of infected email – Edit this template if you wish to modify the subject prefix format
of an infected email. This function will replace the message subject "Hello" with a given prefix value "[virus]" to the
following format: "[virus] Hello". The variable %VIRUSNAME% represents the detected threat.
4.2.1.1 Integration with email clients
Integration of ESET NOD32 Antivirus with email clients increases the level of active protection against malicious code in
email messages. If your email client is supported, this integration can be enabled in ESET NOD32 Antivirus. If
integration is activated, the ESET NOD32 Antivirus toolbar is inserted directly into the email client, allowing for more
efficient email protection. The integration settings are available through Setup > Enter advanced setup... > Web and
email > Email client protection > Email client integration.
Email clients that are currently supported include Microsoft Outlook, Outlook Express, Windows Mail, Windows Live
Mail and Mozilla Thunderbird. For a complete list of supported email clients and their versions, refer to the following
ESET Knowledgebase article.
Select the checkbox next to Disable checking upon inbox content change if you are experiencing a system slowdown
when working with your email client. This can occur when retrieving email from the Kerio Outlook Connector Store.
Even if integration is not enabled, email communication is still protected by the email client protection module (POP3,
IMAP).
4.2.1.1.1 Email client protection configuration
The Email client protection module supports the following email clients: Microsoft Outlook, Outlook Express, Windows
Mail, Windows Live Mail and Mozilla Thunderbird. Email protection works as a plug-in for these programs. The main
advantage of the plug-in control is that it is independent of the protocol used. When the email client receives an
encrypted message, it is decrypted and sent to the virus scanner.
Email to scan
Received email – Toggles checking of received messages.
Sent email – Toggles checking of sent messages.
Read email – Toggles checking of read messages.
Action to be performed on infected email
No action – If enabled, the program will identify infected attachments, but will leave emails without taking any action.
Delete email – The program will notify the user about infiltration(s) and delete the message.
Move email to the Deleted items folder – Infected emails will be moved automatically to the Deleted items folder.
Move email to folder – Specify the custom folder you wish to move the infected email to when detected.
Other
Repeat scan after update – Toggles rescanning after a virus signature database update.
Accept scan results from other modules – If this option is selected, the email protection module accepts scan results
of other protection modules.
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4.2.1.2 IMAP, IMAPS scanner
The Internet Message Access Protocol (IMAP) is another Internet protocol for email retrieval. IMAP has some
advantages over POP3, e.g., multiple clients can simultaneously connect to the same mailbox and maintain message
state information such as whether or not the message has been read, replied to or deleted. ESET NOD32 Antivirus
provides protection for this protocol regardless of the email client used.
The protection module providing this control is automatically initiated at system startup and is then active in memory.
IMAP protocol control is performed automatically without the need to reconfigure the email client. By default, all
communication on port 143 is scanned, but other communication ports can be added if necessary. Multiple port
numbers must be delimited by a comma.
Encrypted communication will be not scanned. To enable the scanning of encrypted communication and view the
scanner setup, navigate to SSL protocol checking in Advanced setup section, click Web and email > Protocol filtering
> SSL and enable the Always scan SSL protocol option.
4.2.1.3 POP3, POP3S filter
The POP3 protocol is the most widespread protocol used to receive email communication in an email client application.
ESET NOD32 Antivirus provides protection for this protocol regardless of the email client used.
The protection module providing this control is automatically initiated at system startup and is then active in memory.
For the module to work correctly, please make sure it is enabled – POP3 protocol checking is performed automatically
without requiring re-configuration of the email client. By default, all communication on port 110 is scanned, but other
communication ports can be added if necessary. Multiple port numbers must be delimited by a comma.
Encrypted communication will be not scanned. To enable the scanning of encrypted communication and view the
scanner setup, navigate to SSL protocol checking in Advanced setup section, click Web and email > Protocol filtering
> SSL and enable the Always scan SSL protocol option.
In this section, you can configure POP3 and POP3S protocol checking.
Enable POP3 protocol checking – If enabled, all traffic through POP3 is monitored for malicious software.
Ports used by POP3 protocol – A list of ports used by the POP3 protocol (110 by default).
ESET NOD32 Antivirus also supports POP3S protocol checking. This type of communication uses an encrypted channel
to transfer information between server and client. ESET NOD32 Antivirus checks communications utilizing the SSL
(Secure Socket Layer), and TLS (Transport Layer Security) encryption methods.
Do not use POP3S checking – Encrypted communication will not be checked.
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Use POP3S protocol checking for selected ports – Check this option to enable POP3S checking only for ports defined
in Ports used by POP3S protocol.
Ports used by POP3S protocol – A list of POP3S ports to check (995 by default).
4.2.2 Web access protection
Internet connectivity is a standard feature in a personal computer. Unfortunately, it has also become the main medium
for transferring malicious code. Web access protection works by monitoring communication between web browsers
and remote servers, and complies with HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) and HTTPS (encrypted communication)
rules.
We strongly recommend that Web access protection is enabled. This option can be accessed from the main window of
ESET NOD32 Antivirus by navigating to Setup > Web and email > Web access protection. Access to known web
pages with malicious content is always blocked.
4.2.2.1 HTTP, HTTPs
By default, ESET NOD32 Antivirus is configured to use the standards of most Internet browsers. However, the HTTP
scanner setup options can be modified in Advanced setup (F5) > Web and email > Web access protection > HTTP,
HTTPS. In the main HTTP/HTTPS scanner window, you can select or deselect the Enable HTTP checking option. You
can also define the port numbers used for HTTP communication. By default, the port numbers 80 (HTTP), 8080 and
3128 (for Proxy server) are predefined.
ESET NOD32 Antivirus supports HTTPS protocol checking. HTTPS communication uses an encrypted channel to
transfer information between server and client. ESET NOD32 Antivirus checks communications utilizing the SSL (Secure
Socket Layer), and TLS (Transport Layer Security) encryption methods. HTTPS checking can be performed in the
following modes:
Do not use HTTPS protocol checking – Encrypted communication will not be checked.
Use HTTPS protocol checking for selected ports – HTTPS checking only for ports defined in Ports used by HTTPS
protocol.
Use HTTPS protocol checking for selected ports – The program will only check those applications that are specified in
the browsers section and that use ports defined in Ports used by HTTPS protocol. Port 443 is set by default.
Encrypted communication will be not scanned. To enable the scanning of encrypted communication and view the
scanner setup, navigate to SSL protocol checking in Advanced setup section, click Web and email > Protocol filtering
> SSL and enable the Always scan SSL protocol option.
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4.2.2.1.1 Active mode for web browsers
ESET NOD32 Antivirus also contains the Active mode submenu, which defines the checking mode for web browsers.
Active mode is useful because it examines data transferred from applications accessing the Internet as a whole,
regardless of whether they are marked as web browsers or not (for more information, see Web and email clients). If
Active mode is disabled, communication from applications is monitored gradually in batches. This decreases the
effectiveness of the data verification process, but also provides higher compatibility for listed applications. If no
problems occur while using it, we recommend that you enable active mode by selecting the checkbox next to the
desired application.
This is how Active mode works: when a controlled application downloads data, it is first saved to a temporary file
created by ESET NOD32 Antivirus. Data is not available for the given application at that time. Once downloading is
complete, it is checked for malicious code. If no infiltration is found, data is sent to the original application. This process
provides complete control of the communications made by a controlled application. If passive mode is activated, data is
trickle-fed to the original application to avoid timeouts.
4.2.2.2 URL address management
The URL address management section enables you to specify HTTP addresses to block, allow or exclude from checking.
The Add, Edit, Remove and Export buttons are used to manage the lists of addresses. Websites in the list of blocked
addresses will not be accessible. Websites in the list of excluded addresses are accessed without being scanned for
malicious code. If you select the Allow access only to URL addresses in the list of allowed addresses option, only
addresses present in the list of allowed addresses will be accessible, while all other HTTP addresses will be blocked.
If you add a URL address to the List of addresses excluded from filtering, the address will be excluded from scanning.
You can also allow or block certain addresses by adding them to the List of allowed addresses or List of blocked
addresses. After you click the Lists... button, the HTTP address/mask lists window will pop-up where you can Add or
Remove lists of addresses. In order to add an HTTPS URL addresses to the list, Always scan SSL protocol must be
selected.
In all lists, the special symbols * (asterisk) and ? (question mark) can be used. The asterisk substitutes any character
string, and the question mark substitutes any symbol. Particular care should be taken when specifying excluded
addresses, because the list should only contain trusted and safe addresses. Similarly, it is necessary to ensure that the
symbols * and ? are used correctly in this list. To activate a list, select the List active option. If you wish to be notified
when entering an address from the current list, select Notify when applying address from the list.
Add.../From file – Allows you to add an address to the list, either manually (click Add), or from a simple text file (click
From file). The From file option enables you to add multiple URL addresses/masks saved in a text file.
Edit... – Manually edit addresses – e.g. by adding a mask ("*" and "?").
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Remove/Remove all – Click Remove to delete the selected address from the list. To delete all addresses, select
Remove all.
Export... – Save addresses from the current list to a simple text file.
4.2.3 Protocol filtering
Antivirus protection for the application protocols is provided by the ThreatSense scanning engine, which seamlessly
integrates all advanced malware scanning techniques. The control works automatically, regardless of the Internet
browser or email client used. For encrypted (SSL) communication see Protocol filtering > SSL.
Integrate into system – Enables the driver for the ESET NOD32 Antivirus protocol filtering functionality.
Enable application protocol content filtering – If enabled, all HTTP(S), POP3(S) and IMAP(S) traffic will be checked by
the antivirus scanner.
NOTE: Starting with Windows Vista Service Pack 1, Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008, the new Windows Filtering
Platform (WFP) architecture is used to check network communication. Since the WFP technology uses special
monitoring techniques, the following options are not available:
HTTP and POP3 ports – Limits routing the traffic to the internal proxy server only for HTTP and POP3 ports.
Applications marked as web browsers and email clients – Limits routing the traffic to the internal proxy server
only for the applications marked as browsers and email clients (Web and email > Protocol filtering > Web and
email clients).
Ports and applications marked as web browsers or email clients – Enables routing of all traffic on HTTP and POP3
ports as well as all the communication of the applications marked as browsers and email clients on the internal proxy
server.
4.2.3.1 Web and email clients
NOTE: Starting with Windows Vista Service Pack 1 and Windows Server 2008, the new Windows Filtering Platform
(WFP) architecture is used to check network communication. Since the WFP technology uses special monitoring
techniques, the Web and email clients section is not available.
Because of the enormous amount of malicious code circulating the Internet, safe Internet browsing is a very important
aspect of computer protection. Web browser vulnerabilities and fraudulent links help malicious code enter the system
unnoticed which is why ESET NOD32 Antivirus focuses on web browser security. Each application accessing the
network can be marked as an Internet browser. The checkbox is two-state:
Deselected – Communication of applications is filtered only for specified ports.
Selected – Communication is always filtered (even if a different port is set).
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4.2.3.2 Excluded applications
To exclude communication of specific network-aware applications from content filtering, select them in the list. HTTP/
POP3/IMAP communication of the selected applications will not be checked for threats. We recommend using this
option only for applications that do not work properly with their communication being checked.
Running applications and services will be available here automatically. Click the Add... button to manually select an
application not shown on the protocol filtering list.
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4.2.3.3 Excluded IP addresses
The entries in the list will be excluded from the protocol content filtering. HTTP/POP3/IMAP communication from/to
the selected addresses will not be checked for threats. We recommend using this option only for addresses that are
known to be trustworthy.
Add IPv4/IPv6 address – This options allows you to add an IP address/address range/subnet of a remote point for
which the rule is to be applied.
Remove – Remove selected entries from the list.
4.2.3.3.1 Add IPv4 address
This options allows you to add an IP address/address range/subnet of a remote point for which the rule is to be applied.
Internet Protocol version 4 is the older version, but still the most widely used.
Single address – Adds the IP address of an individual computer for which the rule is to be applied (for example
192.168.0.10).
Address range – Enter the starting and ending address IP address to specify the IP range (of several computers) for
which the rule is to be applied (for example 192.168.0.1 to 192.168.0.99).
Subnet – Subnet (a group of computers) defined by an IP address and mask.
For example, 255.255.255.0 is the network mask for the 192.168.1.0/24 prefix, that means 192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.254
address range.
4.2.3.3.2 Add IPv6 address
This options allows you to add an IPv6 address/subnet of a remote point for which the rule is applied. It is the newest
version of the Internet protocol and will replace the older version 4.
Single address – Adds the IP address of an individual computer for which the rule is to be applied (for example
2001:718:1c01:16:214:22ff:fec9:ca5).
Subnet – Subnet (a group of computers) is defined by an IP address and mask (for example: 2002:c0a8:6301:1::1/64).
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4.2.3.4 SSL protocol checking
ESET NOD32 Antivirus enables you to check protocols encapsulated in SSL protocol. You can use various scanning
modes for SSL protected communications using trusted certificates, unknown certificates, or certificates that are
excluded from SSL-protected communication checking.
Always scan SSL protocol – Select this option to scan all SSL protected communications except communications
protected by certificates excluded from checking. If a new communication using an unknown, signed certificate is
established, you will not be notified and the communication will automatically be filtered. When you access a server
with an untrusted certificate that is marked by you as trusted (it is added to the trusted certificates list), communication
to the server is allowed and the content of the communication channel is filtered.
Ask about non-visited sites (exclusions can be set) – If you enter a new SSL protected site (with an unknown
certificate), an action selection dialog is displayed. This mode enables you to create a list of SSL certificates that will be
excluded from scanning.
Do not scan SSL protocol – If selected, the program will not scan communications over SSL.
Apply created exceptions based on certificates – Activates using exclusions specified in excluded and trusted
certificates for scanning SSL communication. This option is available if you select Always scan SSL protocol.
Block encrypted communication utilizing the obsolete protocol SSL v2 – Communication using the earlier version
of the SSL protocol will be automatically blocked.
4.2.3.4.1 Certificates
For SSL communication to work properly in your browsers/email clients, it is essential that the root certificate for ESET
be added to the list of known root certificates (publishers). Therefore, the Add the root certificate to known browsers
option should be enabled. Select this option to automatically add the ESET root certificate to the known browsers (e.g.
Opera, Firefox). For browsers using the system certification store, the certificate is added automatically (e.g. Internet
Explorer). To apply the certificate to unsupported browsers, click View Certificate > Details > Copy to File... and then
manually import it into the browser.
In some cases, the certificate cannot be verified using the Trusted Root Certification Authorities store (e.g. VeriSign).
This means that the certificate is self-signed by someone (e.g. administrator of a web server or a small business
company) and considering this certificate as trusted is not always a risk. Most large business companies (e.g. banks) use
a certificate signed by TRCA. If the Ask about certificate validity option (default) is selected, the user will be prompted
to select an action to take when encrypted communication is established. An action selection dialog will be displayed,
where you can decide to mark the certificate as trusted or excluded. If the certificate is not present in the TRCA list, the
window is red. If the certificate is on the TRCA list, the window will be green.
You can select the Block communication that uses the certificate option to always terminate an encrypted
connection to the site that uses the unverified certificate.
If the certificate is invalid or corrupt, it means that the certificate expired or was incorrectly self-signed. In this case, we
recommend that you block the communication that uses the certificate.
4.2.3.4.1.1 Trusted certificates
In addition to the integrated Trusted Root Certification Authorities store where ESET NOD32 Antivirus stores trusted
certificates, you can create a custom list of trusted certificates that can be viewed in Advanced setup (F5) > Web and
email > Protocol filtering > SSL > Certificates > Trusted certificates. ESET NOD32 Antivirus will check the content of
encrypted communications utilizing certificates in this list.
To delete the selected items from the list, click the Remove button. Click the Show option (or double-click the
certificate) to display information about the selected certificate.
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4.2.3.4.1.2 Excluded certificates
The Excluded certificates section contains certificates that are considered safe. The content of encrypted
communications utilizing the certificates in the list will not be checked for threats. We recommend only excluding web
certificates that are guaranteed to be safe and the communication utilizing the certificates does not need to be checked.
To delete selected items from the list, click the Remove button. Click the Show option (or double-click the certificate) to
display information about the selected certificate.
4.2.3.4.1.3 Encrypted SSL communication
If the computer is configured for SSL protocol scanning, a dialog window prompting you to choose an action may be
opened when there is an attempt to establish an encrypted communication (using an unknown certificate). The dialog
window contains the following information: name of the application that initiated the communication and name of the
certificate used.
If the certificate is not located in the Trusted Root Certification Authorities store, it is considered to be untrusted.
The following actions are available for certificates:
Yes – The certificate will be temporarily marked as trusted for the current session – the alert window will not be
displayed on the next attempt to use the certificate.
Yes, always – Marks the certificate as trusted and adds it to the list of trusted certificates – no alert windows are
displayed for trusted certificates.
No – Marks the certificate as untrusted for the current session – the alert window will be displayed on the next attempt
to use the certificate.
Exclude – Adds the certificate to the list of excluded certificates – data transferred over the given encrypted channel will
not be checked at all.
4.2.4 Anti-Phishing protection
The term phishing defines a criminal activity that uses social engineering (the manipulation of users in order to obtain
confidential information). Phishing is often used to gain access to sensitive data such as bank account numbers, PIN
numbers and more. Read more about this activity in the glossary. ESET NOD32 Antivirus provides anti-phishing
protection, web pages known to distribute this type of content can be blocked.
We strongly recommend that you enable Anti-Phishing in ESET NOD32 Antivirus. This option can be accessed from the
Advanced setup (F5) by navigating to Web and email > Anti-Phishing protection.
Please see also the following ESET Knowledgebase article for an updated and more detailed version of this help page.
Accessing a phishing website
When you access a phishing website, you will receive the following dialog in your web browser. By clicking on Proceed
to the site (not recommended), you will be able to access the website without a warning message.
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NOTE: Potential phishing websites that have been whitelisted will expire after several hours by default. To allow a
website permanently, you can use the URL address management tool. From the Advanced setup (F5) click Web and
email > Web access protection > URL address management and from the URL address management drop-down
menu select List of allowed addresses and add your website to this list.
Phishing site reporting
The Report a phishing site link enables you to report a phishing/malicious website to ESET for analysis.
NOTE: Before submitting a website to ESET, make sure it meets one or more of the following criteria:
the website is not detected at all,
the website is incorrectly detected as a threat. In this case, please refer to the Remove phishing site link.
Alternatively, you can submit the website by email. Send your email to samples@eset.com. Remember to use a
descriptive subject and enclose as much information about the website as possible (e.g., the website you referred it
from, how did you hear about it, ...).
4.3 Updating the program
Regularly updating ESET NOD32 Antivirus is the best method to ensure the maximum level of security on your
computer. The Update module ensures that the program is always up to date in two ways, by updating the virus
signature database and by updating system components.
By clicking Update in the main program window, you can view current update status including the date and time of the
last successful update and if an update is needed. The primary window also contains the virus signature database
version. This numeric indicator is an active link to ESET’s website, listing all signatures added within the given update.
In addition, the option to manually begin the update process, Update virus signature database is available. Updating
the virus signature database and updating program components are important parts of maintaining complete
protection against malicious code. Please pay attention to their configuration and operation. If you did not enter your
License details (username and password) during installation, you can enter your username and password when
updating to access ESET’s update servers.
NOTE: Your username and password are provided by ESET after purchasing ESET NOD32 Antivirus.
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Last successful update – The date of the last update. If you do not see a recent date, your virus signature database
may not be current.
Virus signature database version – The virus signature database number, which is also an active link to ESET’s
website. Click it to view a list of all signatures added within the given update.
Click Check to detect the latest available version of ESET NOD32 Antivirus.
Update process
After clicking Update virus signature database, the download process begins. A download progress bar and
remaining time to download will be displayed. To interrupt the update, click Cancel update.
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Important: Under normal circumstances, when updates are downloaded properly the message Update is not
necessary – Virus signature database is up to date will appear in the Update window. If this is not the case, the
program is out of date and more vulnerable to infection. Please update the virus signature database as soon as
possible. Otherwise, one of the following messages will be displayed:
Virus signature database is out of date – This error will appear after several unsuccessful attempts to update the virus
signature database. We recommend that you check the update settings. The most common reason for this error is
incorrectly entered authentication data or incorrectly configured connection settings.
The previous notification is related to the following two Virus signature database update failed messages about
unsuccessful updates:
1. Invalid Username and/or Password – The username and password have been incorrectly entered in update setup.
We recommend that you check your authentication data. The Advanced setup window (click Setup from the main
menu and then click Enter advanced setup..., or press F5 on your keyboard) contains additional update options.
Click Update > Update in the Advanced setup tree to enter a new username and password.
2. An error occurred while downloading update files – A possible cause of the error is incorrect Internet connection
settings. We recommend that you check your Internet connectivity (by opening any website in your web browser). If
the website does not open, it is likely that an Internet connection is not established or there are connectivity
problems with your computer. Please check with your Internet Service Provider (ISP) if you do not have an active
Internet connection.
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4.3.1 Update setup
Update setup options are available from the Advanced setup tree (F5 key) by clicking Update > Update. This section
specifies update source information, such as the update servers and authentication data for these servers. By default,
the Update server drop-down menu is set to Choose automatically to ensure that update files will automatically
download from the ESET server with the least network traffic.
For updates to be downloaded properly, it is essential that all update information is entered correctly. If you use a
firewall, please make sure that the program is allowed to communicate with the Internet (i.e., HTTP communication).
The currently used update profile is displayed in the Selected profile drop-down menu. Click Profiles... to create a new
profile.
Authentication for update servers is based on the Username and Password generated and sent to you after purchase.
By default, no verification is required, i.e., the Username and Password fields are left empty.
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Pre-release updates (the Pre-release update option) are updates which have gone through thorough internal testing
and will be generally available soon. You can benefit from enabling pre-release updates by having access to the most
recent detection methods and fixes. However, pre-release updates might not be stable enough at all times and
SHOULD NOT be used on production servers and workstations where maximum availability and stability is required.
The list of current modules can be found in Help and support > About ESET NOD32 Antivirus. It is recommended that
basic users leave the Regular update option selected by default.
Click the Setup... button next to Advanced update setup to display a window containing advanced update options.
If you experience problems with an update, click Clear to delete temporary update files.
Do not display notification about successful update – Turns off the system tray notification at the bottom right
corner of the screen. It is useful to select this option if a full screen application or a game is running. Please note that
Gamer mode will disable all notifications.
4.3.1.1 Update profiles
Update profiles can be created for various update configurations and tasks. Creating update profiles is especially useful
for mobile users, who need an alternative profile for Internet connection properties that regularly change.
The Selected profile drop-down menu displays the currently selected profile, set to My profile by default. To create a
new profile, click the Profiles... button and then click the Add... button and enter your own Profile name. When
creating a new profile, you can copy settings from an existing one by selecting it from the Copy settings from profile
drop-down menu.
In the profile setup window, you can specify the update server from a list of available servers or add a new server. The
list of existing update servers is listed in the Update server drop-down menu. To add a new update server, click Edit…
in the Update settings for selected profile section and then click the Add button.
4.3.1.2 Advanced update setup
To view the Advanced update setup, click the Setup... button. Advanced update setup options include configuration of
Update mode, HTTP Proxy and LAN.
4.3.1.2.1 Update mode
The Update mode tab contains options related to the program component update. The program enables you to
predefine its behavior when a new program component upgrade is available.
Program component updates brings new features or makes changes to those that already exist from previous versions.
It can be performed automatically without user intervention, or you can choose to be notified. After a program
component update is installed, a computer restart may be required. In the Program component update section, three
options are available:
Never update program components – Program component updates will not be performed at all. This option is
suitable for server installations, since servers can usually be restarted only when they are undergoing maintenance.
Always update program components – A program component update will be downloaded and installed
automatically. Please remember that a computer restart may be required.
Ask before downloading program components – The default option. You will be prompted to confirm or refuse
program component updates when they become available.
After a program component update, it may be necessary to restart your computer to provide full functionality of all
modules. The Restart after program component upgrade section allows you to select one of the following options:
Never restart computer – You will not be asked to restart, even if it is required. Please note that this is not
recommended, since your computer might not work properly until the next restart.
Offer computer restart if necessary – The default option. After a program component update, you will be
prompted to restart your computer in a dialog window.
If necessary, restart computer without notifying – After a program component upgrade, your computer will be
restarted (if required).
NOTE: Selecting the most appropriate option depends on the workstation where the settings will be applied. Please be
aware that there are differences between workstations and servers – e.g., restarting the server automatically after a
program upgrade could cause serious damage.
If the Ask before downloading update option is checked, a notification will display when a new update is available.
If the update file size is greater than the value specified in the Ask if an update file is greater than field, the program
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will display a notification.
The Regularly check for latest product version option will enable the Regular checking for latest product version
scheduled task (see Scheduler).
4.3.1.2.2 Proxy server
To access the proxy server setup options for a given update profile, click Update in the Advanced setup tree (F5) and
then click the Setup... button to the right of Advanced update setup. Click the HTTP Proxy tab and select one of the
three following options:
Use global proxy server settings
Do not use proxy server
Connection through a proxy server
Selecting the Use global proxy server settings option will use the proxy server configuration options already specified
in the Tools > Proxy server branch of the Advanced setup tree.
Select the Do not use proxy server option to specify that no proxy server will be used to update ESET NOD32 Antivirus.
The Connection through a proxy server option should be selected if:
A proxy server should be used to update ESET NOD32 Antivirus that is different from the proxy server specified in the
global settings (Tools > Proxy server). If so, the settings should be specified here: Proxy server address,
communication Port, plus Username and Password for the proxy server if required.
The proxy server settings were not set globally, but ESET NOD32 Antivirus will connect to a proxy server for updates.
Your computer is connected to the Internet via a proxy server. The settings are taken from Internet Explorer during
program installation, but if they are subsequently changed (e.g. if you change your ISP), please check that the HTTP
proxy settings listed in this window are correct. Otherwise the program will not be able to connect to the update
servers.
The default setting for the proxy server is Use global proxy server settings.
NOTE: Authentication data such as Username and Password is intended for accessing the proxy server. Complete
these fields only if a username and password are required. Please note that these fields are not for your username/
password for ESET NOD32 Antivirus, and should only be completed if you know you need a password to access the
internet via a proxy server.
4.3.1.2.3 Connecting to the LAN
When updating from a local server with an NT-based operating system, authentication for each network connection is
required by default.
To configure such an account, click the LAN tab. The Connect to LAN as section offers the System account (default),
Current user, and Specified user options.
Select the System account (default) option to use the system account for authentication. Normally, no authentication
process takes place if there is no authentication data supplied in the main update setup section.
To ensure that the program authenticates using a currently logged-in user account, select Current user. The drawback
of this option is that the program is not able to connect to the update server if no user is currently logged in.
Select Specified user if you want the program to use a specific user account for authentication. Use this method when
the default system account connection fails. Please be aware that the specified user account must have access to the
update files directory on the local server. Otherwise, the program will not be able to establish a connection and
download updates.
Warning: When either Current user or Specified user is selected, an error may occur when changing the identity of the
program to the desired user. We recommend entering the LAN authentication data in the main update setup section.
In this update setup section, the authentication data should be entered as follows: domain_name\user (if it is a
workgroup, enter workgroup_name\name) and password. When updating from the HTTP version of the local server, no
authentication is required.
Select the Disconnect from server after update option if connection to the server remains active even after updates
have been downloaded.
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4.3.1.3 Update rollback
If you suspect that a new update of the virus database and/or program modules may be unstable or corrupt, you can
roll back to the previous version and disable updates for a set period of time. Alternatively, you can enable previously
disabled updates if you had postponed them indefinitely.
ESET NOD32 Antivirus records snapshots of virus signature database and program modules for use with the rollback
feature. In order to create virus database snapshots, leave the Create snapshots of update files checkbox selected.
The Number of locally stored snapshots field defines the number of previous virus database snapshots stored.
If you click Roll back (Advanced setup (F5) > Update > Advanced), you have to select a time interval from the Suspend
updates drop-down menu that represents the period of time that the virus signature database and program module
updates will be paused.
Select Until revoked to postpone regular updates indefinitely until you restore update functionality manually. Because
it represents a potential security risk, we do not recommend selecting this option.
If a rollback is performed, the Roll back button turns to Allow updates. No updates will be allowed for the time
interval selected from the Suspend updates drop-down menu. The virus signature database version is downgraded to
the oldest available and stored as a snapshot in the local computer file system.
Example: Let the number 6871 be the most recent version of virus signature database. 6870 and 6868 are stored as a
virus signature database snapshots. Note that 6869 is not available because, for example, the computer was turned off
and a more recent update was made available before 6869 was downloaded. If the Number of locally stored
snapshots field is set to 2 and you click Roll back, the virus signature database (including program modules) will be
restored to version number 6868. This process may take some time. Check whether the virus signature database
version has downgraded from the main program window of ESET NOD32 Antivirus in the Update section.
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4.3.2 How to create update tasks
Updates can be triggered manually by clicking Update virus signature database in the primary window displayed after
clicking Update from the main menu.
Updates can also be run as scheduled tasks. To configure a scheduled task, click Tools > Scheduler. By default, the
following tasks are activated in ESET NOD32 Antivirus:
Regular automatic update
Automatic update after dial-up connection
Automatic update after user logon
Each update task can be modified to meet your needs. In addition to the default update tasks, you can create new
update tasks with a user-defined configuration. For more details about creating and configuring update tasks, see
section Scheduler.
4.4 Tools
The Tools menu includes modules that help simplify program administration and offer additional options for advanced
users.
This menu includes the following tools:
Log files
Protection statistics
Watch activity
Running processes (if ESET Live Grid is enabled in ESET NOD32 Antivirus)
Scheduler
Quarantine
ESET SysInspector
Submit file for analysis – Allows you to submit a suspicious file for analysis to ESET's Virus Lab. The dialog window
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displayed after clicking this option is described in the Submission of files for analysis section.
ESET SysRescue – Launches the ESET SysRescue creation wizard.
Note: ESET SysRescue may not be available for Windows 8. We recommend that you create an ESET SysRescue disk on
another version of Microsoft Windows for use with Windows 8.
ESET Social Media Scanner – Link to a social media application (e.g. Facebook) intended to protect social media users
against threats. This application is independent from other ESET security products and is completely free.
4.4.1 Log files
Log files contain information about all important program events that have occurred and provide an overview of
detected threats. Logging is an essential part of system analysis, threat detection and troubleshooting. Logging is
performed actively in the background with no user interaction. Information is recorded based on the current log
verbosity settings. It is possible to view text messages and logs directly from the ESET NOD32 Antivirus environment,
as well as to archive logs.
Log files are accessible from the main program window by clicking Tools > Log files. Select the desired log type from
the Log drop-down menu. The following logs are available:
Detected threats – The threat log offers detailed information about infiltrations detected by ESET NOD32 Antivirus
modules. The information includes the time of detection, name of infiltration, location, the performed action and the
name of the user logged in at the time the infiltration was detected. Double-click any log entry to display its details in
a separate window.
Events – All important actions performed by ESET NOD32 Antivirus are recorded in the event log. The event log
contains information about events and errors that have occurred in the program. It is designed for system
administrators and users to solve problems. Often the information found here can help you find a solution for a
problem occurring in the program.
Computer scan – Results of all completed manual or planned scans are displayed in this window. Each line
corresponds to a single computer control. Double-click any entry to view details of the respective scan.
HIPS – Contains records of specific HIPS rules which were marked for recording. The protocol shows the application
that triggered the operation, the result (whether the rule was permitted or prohibited) and the created rule name.
Filtered websites – This list is useful if you wish to view a list of websites that were blocked by Web access protection
. In these logs you can see time, URL address, user and application which created a connection to the particular
website.
In each section, the displayed information can be directly copied to the clipboard (keyboard shortcut Ctrl + C) by
selecting the entry and clicking Copy. To select multiple entries, the CTRL and SHIFT keys can be used.
You can show the context menu by right-clicking a specific entry. The following options are available in the context
menu:
Filter records of the same type – After activating this filter, you will only see records of the same type (diagnostics,
warnings, ...).
Filter.../Find... – After clicking this option, a Log filtering window will pop up where you can define the filtering
criteria.
Disable filter – Clears all filter settings (as described above).
Copy all – Copies information about all the records in the window.
Delete/Delete all – Deletes the selected record(s) or all the records displayed – this action requires administrator
privileges.
Export – Exports information about the record(s) in XML format.
Scroll log – Leave this option enabled to auto scroll old logs and watch active logs in the Log files window.
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4.4.1.1 Log maintenance
The Logging configuration of ESET NOD32 Antivirus is accessible from the main program window. Click Setup > Enter
advanced setup... > Tools > Log files. The logs section is used to define how the logs will be managed. The program
automatically deletes older logs in order to save hard disk space. You can specify the following options for log files:
Log entries older than the specified number of days in the Automatically delete records older than X days field will be
automatically deleted.
Optimize log files automatically – If checked, log files will be automatically be defragmented if the percentage is
higher than value specified in the If the number of unused records exceeds (%) field.
Click Optimize now to start the defragmenting the log files. All empty log entries are removed during this process,
which improves performance and speed when processing the logs. This improvement can be observed especially if the
logs contain a large number of entries.
Minimum logging verbosity – Specifies the minimum verbosity level of events to be logged.
Diagnostic – Logs information needed to fine-tune the program and all records above.
Informative – Records informative messages, including successful update messages, plus all records above.
Warnings – Records critical errors and warning messages.
Errors – Errors such as "Error downloading file" and critical errors will be recorded.
Critical – Logs only critical errors (error starting Antivirus protection, etc...).
Click the Default filter... button to open the Log filtering window. Check record types to be displayed in logs and click
OK.
4.4.2 Scheduler
Scheduler manages and launches scheduled tasks with predefined configuration and properties.
The Scheduler can be accessed from the ESET NOD32 Antivirus main program window by clicking Tools > Scheduler.
The Scheduler contains a list of all scheduled tasks and configuration properties such as the predefined date, time and
scanning profile used.
The Scheduler serves to schedule the following tasks: virus signature database update, scanning task, system startup
file check and log maintenance. You can add or delete tasks directly from the main Scheduler window (click Add... or
Delete at the bottom). Right click anywhere in the Scheduler window to perform the following actions: display detailed
information, perform the task immediately, add a new task, and delete an existing task. Use the checkboxes at the
beginning of each entry to activate/deactivate the tasks.
By default, the following scheduled tasks are displayed in Scheduler:
Log maintenance
Regular automatic update
Automatic update after dial-up connection
Automatic update after user logon
Regular checking for latest product version (see Update mode)
Automatic startup file check (after user logon)
Automatic startup file check (after successful update of the virus signature database)
To edit the configuration of an existing scheduled task (both default and user-defined), right-click the task and click
Edit... or select the task you wish to modify and click the Edit... button.
Add a new task
1. Click Add… at the bottom of the window.
2. Select the desired task from the pull-down menu.
3. Enter a name of the task and select one of the timing options:
Once – The task will be performed only once, at the predefined date and time.
Repeatedly – The task will be performed at the specified interval (in hours).
Daily – The task will run each day at the specified time.
Weekly – The task will run once or more times a week, on the selected day(s) and time.
Event triggered – The task will be performed on a specified event.
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4. Depending on the timing option you choose in the previous step, one of the following dialog windows will be
displayed:
Once – The task will be performed at the predefined date and time.
Repeatedly – The task will be performed at the specified time interval.
Daily – The task will run repeatedly each day at the specified time.
Weekly – The task will be run on the selected day and time.
5. If the task could not be run at the predefined time, you can specify when it will be performed again:
Wait until the next scheduled time
Run the task as soon as possible
Run the task immediately if the time since the last task execution exceeds -- hours
6. In the last step you can review the task to be scheduled. Click Finish to apply the task.
4.4.3 Protection statistics
To view a graph of statistical data related to ESET NOD32 Antivirus's protection modules, click Tools > Protection
statistics. Select the desired protection module from the Statistics drop-down menu to see the corresponding graph
and legend. If you mouse over an item in the legend, only the data for that item will display in the graph.
The following statistic graphs are available:
Antivirus and Antispyware protection – Displays the number of infected and cleaned objects.
File system protection – Only displays objects that were read or written to the file system.
Email client protection – Only displays objects that were sent or received by email clients.
Web access and Anti-Phishing protection – Only displays objects downloaded by web browsers.
Below the statistics graphs, you can see the number of total scanned objects, latest scanned object and the statistics
timestamp. Click Reset to clear all statistics information.
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4.4.4 Watch activity
To see the current File system activity in graph form, click Tools > Watch activity. At the bottom of the graph is a
timeline which records File system activity real-time based on the selected time span. To change the time span, click the
Step: 1... option located at the bottom-right of the window.
The following options are available:
Step: 1 second (last 10 minutes) – The graph refreshes every second and the timeline covers the last 10 minutes
Step: 1 minute (last 24 hours) – The graph is refreshed every minute and the timeline covers the last 24 hours
Step: 1 hour (last month) – The graph is refreshed every hour and the timeline covers the last month
Step: 1 hour (selected month) – The graph is refreshed every hour and the timeline covers the last X selected months
The vertical axis of the File system activity graph represents read data (blue) and written data (red). Both values are
given in KB (kilobytes)/MB/GB. If you mouse over either read data or written data in the legend below the graph, the
graph will only display data for that activity type.
4.4.5 ESET SysInspector
ESET SysInspector is an application that thoroughly inspects your computer and gathers detailed information about
system components such as installed drivers and applications, network connections or important registry entries and
assesses the risk level of each component. This information can help determine the cause of suspicious system behavior
that may be due to software or hardware incompatibility or malware infection.
The SysInspector window displays the following information about created logs:
Time – The time of log creation.
Comment – A short comment.
User – The name of the user who created the log.
Status – The status of log creation.
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The following actions are available:
Compare – Compares two existing logs.
Create... – Creates a new log. Please wait until the ESET SysInspector log is complete (Status shown as Created).
Delete – Removes selected logs from the list.
After right-clicking one or more selected logs, the following options are available from the context menu:
Show – Opens the selected log in ESET SysInspector (same function as double-clicking a log).
Delete all – Deletes all logs.
Export... – Exports the log to an .xml file or zipped .xml.
4.4.6 ESET Live Grid
ESET Live Grid (the next generation of ESET ThreatSense.Net) is an advanced warning system against emerging threats
based on reputation. Utilizing real-time streaming of threat-related information from the cloud, ESET virus lab keeps
defenses up to date for a constant level of protection. User can check the reputation of running processes and files
directly from the program's interface or contextual menu with additional information available from ESET Live Grid.
There are two options:
1. You can decide to not enable the ESET Live Grid. You will not lose any functionality in the software, and you will still
receive the best protection that we offer.
2. You can configure the ESET Live Grid to submit anonymous information about new threats and where the new
threatening code is contained. This file can be sent to ESET for detailed analysis. Studying these threats will help ESET
update its threat detection capabilities.
ESET Live Grid will collect information about your computer related to newly-detected threats. This information may
include a sample or copy of the file in which the threat appeared, the path to that file, the filename, the date and time,
the process by which the threat appeared on your computer and information about your computer‘s operating system.
By default, ESET NOD32 Antivirus is configured to submit suspicious files for detailed analysis to ESET‘s Virus Lab. Files
with certain extensions such as .doc or .xls are always excluded. You can also add other extensions if there are particular
files that you or your organization wants to avoid sending.
The ESET Live Grid's setup menu provides several options for enabling / disabling the ESET Live Grid that serves to
submit suspicious files and anonymous statistical information to ESET's labs. It is accessible from the Advanced setup
tree by clicking Tools > ESET Live Grid.
Participate in ESET Live Grid (recommended) – Enables / disables the ESET Live Grid that serves to submit suspicious
files and anonymous statistical information to ESET's labs.
Do not submit statistics – Select this option if you do not wish to submit anonymous information from the ESET Live
Grid about your computer. This information is related to newly detected threats, which may include the name of the
infiltration, information about the date and time it was detected, the version of ESET NOD32 Antivirus, information
about your computer's operating system version and Location settings. The statistics are normally delivered to ESET's
server once or twice a day.
Do not submit files – Suspicious files, resembling infiltrations in their content or behavior, are not submitted to ESET
for analysis by means of ESET Live Grid technology.
Advanced setup... – Opens a window with additional ESET Live Grid settings.
If you have used ESET Live Grid before and have disabled it, there may still be data packages to send. Even after
deactivating, such packages will be sent to ESET on the next occasion. Afterwards, no further packages will be created.
4.4.6.1 Suspicious files
The Files tab in ESET Live Grid advanced setup allows you to configure how threats are submitted to ESET‘s Virus Lab
for analysis.
If you find a suspicious file, you can submit it for analysis to our ThreatLabs. If it is a malicious application, its detection
will be added to the next virus signature update.
Exclusion filter – The Exclusion filter allows you to exclude certain files/folders from submission. The files listed will
never be sent to ESET's labs for analysis, even if they contain a suspicious code. For example, it may be useful to exclude
files which may carry confidential information, such as documents or spreadsheets. The most common file types are
excluded by default (.doc, etc.). You can add to the list of excluded files if desired.
Contact email (optional) – Your contact email can be included with any suspicious files and may be used to contact
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you if further information is required for analysis. Please note that you will not receive a response from ESET unless
more information is needed.
Select the Enable logging option to create an event log to record file and statistical information submissions. It enables
logging to the Event log when files or statistics are sent.
4.4.7 Running processes
Running processes displays the running programs or processes on your computer and keeps ESET immediately and
continuously informed about new infiltrations. ESET NOD32 Antivirus provides detailed information on running
processes to protect users with ESET Live Grid technology.
Process – Image name of the program or process that is currently running on your computer. You can also use the
Windows Task Manager to see all running processes on your computer. You can open Task Manager by right-clicking
an empty area on the taskbar and then clicking Task Manager, or by pressing Ctrl+Shift+Esc on your keyboard.
Risk level – In most cases, ESET NOD32 Antivirus and ESET Live Grid technology assign risk levels to objects (files,
processes, registry keys, etc.) using a series of heuristic rules that examine the characteristics of each object and then
weigh their potential for malicious activity. Based on these heuristics, objects are assigned a risk level from 1 – Fine
(green) to 9 – Risky (red).
NOTE: Known applications marked as Fine (green) are definitely clean (whitelisted) and will be excluded from scanning,
as this will improve the scanning speed of on-demand computer scan or Real-time file system protection on your
computer.
Number of users – The number of users that use a given application. This information is gathered by ESET Live Grid
technology.
Time of discovery – Period of time since the application was discovered by ESET Live Grid technology.
NOTE: When an application is marked as Unknown (orange) security level, it is not necessarily malicious software.
Usually it is just a newer application. If you are not sure about the file, you can submit file for analysis to ESET's Virus
Lab. If the file turns out to be a malicious application, its detection will be added to one of the upcoming updates.
Application name – The given name of a program or process.
Open in a new window – The running processes information will be opened in a new window.
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By clicking a given application at the bottom, the following information will appear at the bottom of the window:
File – Location of an application on your computer.
File size – File size in B (bytes).
File description – File characteristics based on the description from the operating system.
Company name – Name of the vendor or application process.
File version – Information from the application publisher.
Product name – Application name and/or business name.
NOTE: Reputation can also be checked on files that do not act as running programs/processes – mark files you want to
check, right-click on them and select Advanced options > Check File Reputation using ESET Live Grid.
4.4.8 Quarantine
The main function of the quarantine is to safely store infected files. Files should be quarantined if they cannot be
cleaned, if it is not safe or advisable to delete them or if they are being falsely detected by ESET NOD32 Antivirus.
You can choose to quarantine any file. This is advisable if a file behaves suspiciously but is not detected by the antivirus
scanner. Quarantined files can be submitted for analysis to ESET’s Virus Lab.
Files stored in the quarantine folder can be viewed in a table which displays the date and time of quarantine, the path to
the original location of the infected file, its size in bytes, reason (for example, object added by user), and number of
threats (for example, if it is an archive containing multiple infiltrations).
Quarantining files
ESET NOD32 Antivirus automatically quarantines deleted files (if you have not canceled this option in the alert window).
If desired, you can quarantine any suspicious file manually by clicking Quarantine... If this is the case, the original file
will not be removed from its original location. The context menu can also be used for this purpose; right-click in the
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Quarantine window and select Quarantine....
Restoring from Quarantine
Quarantined files can also be restored to their original location. Use the Restore feature for this purpose, which is
available from the context menu by right-clicking a given file in the Quarantine window. If a file is marked as Potentially
unwanted application, the Restore and exclude from scanning option is enabled. Read more about this type of
application in the glossary. The context menu also offers the Restore to... option which allows you to restore a file to a
location other than the one from which it was deleted.
NOTE: If the program quarantined a harmless file by mistake, please exclude the file from scanning after restoring and
send the file to ESET Customer Care.
Submitting a file from the Quarantine
If you have quarantined a suspicious file that was not detected by the program, or if a file was determined to be
infected incorrectly (for example, by heuristic analysis of the code) and subsequently quarantined, please send the file
to ESET‘s Virus Lab. To submit a file from quarantine, right-click the file and select Submit for analysis from the context
menu.
4.4.9 Proxy server setup
In large LAN networks, the connection of your computer to the Internet can be mediated by a proxy server. If this is the
case, the following settings need to be defined. Otherwise the program will not be able to update itself automatically.
In ESET NOD32 Antivirus, proxy server setup is available in two different sections within the Advanced setup tree.
First, proxy server settings can be configured in Advanced setup under Tools > Proxy server. Specifying the proxy
server at this level defines global proxy server settings for all of ESET NOD32 Antivirus. Parameters here will be used by
all modules requiring connection to the Internet.
To specify proxy server settings for this level, select the Use proxy server checkbox and then enter the address of the
proxy server into the Proxy server field, along with the Port number of the proxy server.
If communication with the proxy server requires authentication, select the Proxy server requires authentication
checkbox and enter a valid Username and Password into the respective fields. Click the Detect proxy server button to
automatically detect and populate proxy server settings. The parameters specified in Internet Explorer will be copied.
NOTE: This feature does not retrieve authentication data (username and password); it must be supplied by you.
Proxy server settings can also be established within Advanced update setup (Update branch of the Advanced setup
tree). This setting applies for the given update profile and is recommended for laptops that often receive virus signature
updates from different locations. For more information about this setting, see section Advanced update setup.
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4.4.10 Alerts and notifications
ESET NOD32 Antivirus supports sending emails if an event with the selected verbosity level occurs. Click the Send
event notifications by email checkbox to enable this feature and activate email notifications.
SMTP server – The SMTP server used for sending notifications.
Note: SMTP servers with SSL/TLS encryption are not supported by ESET NOD32 Antivirus.
SMTP server requires authentication – If the SMTP server requires authentication, these fields should be filled in with
a valid username and password granting access to the SMTP server.
Sender address – This field specifies the sender address which will be displayed in the header of notification emails.
Recipient address – This field specifies the recipient address which will be displayed in the header of notification emails.
Send event notifications to LAN computers by means of Messenger service – Select this checkbox to send messages
to LAN computers via the Windows® messaging service.
Send notifications to the following computers (delimited by a comma) – Enter the names of computers that will
receive notifications via the Windows® messaging service.
Interval between sending messages (sec.) – To change the length of the interval between notifications sent via LAN,
enter the desired time interval in seconds.
Minimum verbosity for notifications – Specifies the minimum verbosity level of notifications to be sent.
Edit format... – Communications between the program and a remote user or system administrator are done via emails
or LAN messages (using the Windows® messaging service). The default format of the alert messages and notifications
will be optimal for most situations. In some circumstances, you may need to change the message format – click Edit
format....
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4.4.10.1 Message format
Here you can set up the format of event messages that are displayed on remote computers.
Threat alert and notification messages have a predefined default format. We advise against changing this format.
However, in some circumstances (for example, if you have an automated email processing system), you may need to
change the message format.
Keywords (strings separated by % signs) are replaced in the message by the actual information as specified. The
following keywords are available:
%TimeStamp% – Date and time of the event.
%Scanner% – Module concerned.
%ComputerName% – Name of the computer where the alert occurred.
%ProgramName% – Program that generated the alert.
%InfectedObject% – Name of infected file, message, etc.
%VirusName% – Identification of the infection.
%ErrorDescription% – Description of a non-virus event.
The keywords %InfectedObject% and %VirusName% are used only in threat warning messages, and %
ErrorDescription% is only used in event messages.
Use local alphabetic characters – Converts an email message to the ANSI character encoding based upon Windows
Regional settings (e.g. windows-1250). If you leave this option unchecked, a message will be converted and encoded in
ACSII 7-bit (e.g. "á" will be changed to "a" and an unknown symbol to "?").
Use local character encoding – The email message source will be encoded to Quoted-printable (QP) format which
uses ASCII characters and can correctly transmit special national characters by email in 8-bit format (áéíóú).
4.4.11 Submission of files for analysis
The file submission dialog enables you to send a file to ESET for analysis and can be found in Tools > Submit file for
analysis. If you find a suspiciously behaving file on your computer, you can submit it to ESET's Virus Lab for analysis. If
the file turns out to be a malicious application, its detection will be added to one of the upcoming updates.
Alternatively, you can submit the file by email. If you prefer this option, pack the file(s) using WinRAR/ZIP, protect the
archive with the password "infected" and send it to samples@eset.com. Please remember to use a descriptive subject
and enclose as much information about the file as possible (e.g., the website you downloaded it from).
NOTE: Before submitting a file to ESET, make sure it meets one or more of the following criteria:
the file is not detected at all,
the file is incorrectly detected as a threat.
You will not receive a response unless further information is required for analysis.
Select the description from the Reason for submitting the file drop-down menu that best fits your message:
Suspicious file,
False positive (file that is detected as an infection but are not infected),
and Other.
File – The path to the file you intend to submit.
Contact email – This contact email is sent along with suspicious files to ESET and may be used to contact you if further
information is required for analysis. Entering a contact email is optional. You will not get a response from ESET unless
more information is required, since each day our servers receive tens of thousands of files, making it impossible to reply
to all submissions.
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4.4.12 System updates
The Windows update feature is an important component of protecting users from malicious software. For this reason,
it is vital to install Microsoft Windows updates as soon as they become available. ESET NOD32 Antivirus notifies you
about missing updates according to the level you specify. The following levels are available:
No updates – No system updates will be offered for download.
Optional updates – Updates marked as low priority and higher will be offered for download.
Recommended updates – Updates marked as common and higher will be offered for download.
Important updates – Updates marked as important and higher will be offered for download.
Critical updates – Only critical updates will be offered for download.
Click OK to save changes. The System updates window will be displayed after status verification with the update server.
Accordingly, the system update information may not be immediately available after saving changes.
4.5 User interface
The User interface section allows you to configure the behavior of the program's Graphical user interface (GUI).
Using the Graphics tool, you can adjust the program's visual appearance and effects used.
By configuring Alerts and notifications, you can change the behavior of detected threat alerts and system notifications.
These can be customized to fit your needs.
If you choose not to display some notifications, they will be displayed in the Hidden notification windows area. Here
you can check their status, show more details or remove them from this window.
To provide maximum security of your security software, you can prevent any unauthorized changes by protecting the
settings by a password using the Access setup tool.
The Context menu is displayed after right-clicking an object. Use this tool to integrate the ESET NOD32 Antivirus
control elements into the context menu.
Gamer mode is useful for users, who want to work with an application without interruption. Pop-up windows,
scheduled tasks and any other components that could slow performance are suppressed in Gamer mode.
4.5.1 Graphics
User interface configuration options in ESET NOD32 Antivirus allow you to adjust the working environment to fit your
needs. These configuration options are accessible in the Advanced setup tree by expanding User interface and clicking
Graphics.
In the User interface elements section, the Graphical user interface option should be disabled if the graphical
elements slow the performance of your computer or cause other problems. The graphical interface may also need to be
turned off for visually impaired users, as it may conflict with special applications that are used for reading text displayed
on the screen.
If you want to deactivate the ESET NOD32 Antivirus splash-screen, deselect Show splash-screen at startup.
Enable Select active control element to cause the system to highlight any element which is currently under the active
area of the mouse cursor. The highlighted element will be activated after a mouse click.
To enable the use of animated icons that display the progress of various operations, select Use animated icons for
progress indication.
If you want to have ESET NOD32 Antivirus play a sound when important events occur during a scan, for example when
a threat is discovered or when the scan has finished, select Use sound signal.
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4.5.2 Alerts and notifications
The Alerts and notifications section under User interface allows you to configure how threat alerts and system
notifications (e.g. successful update messages) are handled by ESET NOD32 Antivirus. You can also set display time and
the level of transparency of system tray notifications ( applies only to the systems supporting system tray notifications).
Deselect the check box next to Display alerts to cancel all alert windows. This is only suitable in certain situations. For
most users we recommend that this option be left enabled (default).
Notifications on the Desktop are informative only, and do not require or offer user interaction. They are displayed in the
notification area at the bottom right corner of the screen. To activate Desktop notifications, select Display
notifications on desktop . More detailed options such as notification display time and window transparency can be
modified by clicking Configure notifications. To preview the behavior of notifications, click Preview. To suppress
notifications when running a full-screen application, select Do not display notifications when running applications in
full-screen mode.
To close pop-up windows automatically after a certain period of time, select Close message boxes automatically after
(sec.). If they are not closed manually, alert windows are automatically closed after the specified time period elapses.
Click Advanced setup to access additional Alerts and notification setup options.
4.5.2.1 Advanced setup
From the Minimum verbosity of events to display drop-down menu, you can select the starting severity level of
alerts and notification to be displayed.
Diagnostic – Logs information needed to fine-tune the program and all records above.
Informative – Records informative messages, including successful update messages, plus all records above.
Warnings – Records critical errors and warning messages.
Errors – Errors such as "Error downloading file" and critical errors will be recorded.
Critical – Logs only critical errors (error starting Antivirus protection, etc...).
The last feature in this section allows you to configure the destination of notifications in a multi-user environment. The
On multi-user systems, display notifications on the screen of this user field specifies a user who will receive system
and other notifications on systems allowing multiple users to connect at the same time. Normally, this would be a
system or network administrator. This option is especially useful for terminal servers, provided that all system
notifications are sent to the administrator.
4.5.3 Hidden notification windows
If Do not show this message again is selected for any notification window (alert) that was previously displayed that
notification, it will appear in the list of hidden notification windows. Actions that are now executed automatically are
displayed in the Confirm column.
Show – Shows a preview of notification windows that are currently not displayed and for which an automatic action is
configured.
Remove – Removes items from the Hidden messageboxes list. All notification windows removed from the list will be
displayed again.
4.5.4 Access setup
ESET NOD32 Antivirus settings are a crucial part of your security policy. Unauthorized modifications can potentially
endanger the stability and protection of your system. To password protect your setup parameters, from the main
menu click Setup > Enter advanced setup... > User interface > Access setup, select Password protect settings and
click Set password. Note that your password is case-sensitive.
Require full administrator rights for limited administrator accounts – Select this option to prompt the current user
(if he or she does not have administrator rights) to enter an administrator username and password when modifying
certain system parameters (similar to the User Account Control (UAC) in Windows Vista and Windows 7). Such
modifications include disabling protection modules. On Windows XP systems where UAC is not running, users will
have the Require administrator rights (system without UAC support) option available.
Show protection timeout dialog – Selecting this option will cause a dialog window denoting the duration of time left
with protection disabled to be displayed any time that you temporarily disable protection from the program menu or in
the ESET NOD32 Antivirus > Setup section.
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4.5.5 Program menu
Some of the most important setup options and features are available in the main program menu.
Frequently used – Displays the most frequently used parts of ESET NOD32 Antivirus. You can quickly access these from
the program menu.
Temporarily disable protection – Displays the confirmation dialog box that disables Antivirus and antispyware
protection, which guards against malicious system attacks by controlling file, web and email communication. Select Do
not ask again to avoid this message in the future.
The Time interval drop-down menu represents the period of time that Antivirus and antispyware protection will be
disabled for.
Advanced setup... – Select this option to enter the Advanced setup tree. There are also other ways to open it, such as
pressing the F5 key or navigating to Setup > Enter advanced setup....
Log files – Log files contain information about important program events that have occurred and provide an overview
of detected threats.
Reset window layout – Resets the ESET NOD32 Antivirus's window to its default size and position on the screen.
Activate your product... – Select this option if you have not yet activated your ESET security product, or to reenter
product activation credentials after renewing your license.
About – Provides system information, details about the installed version of ESET NOD32 Antivirus and the installed
program modules. Here you can also find the license expiration date and information about the operating system and
system resources.
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4.5.6 Context menu
The context menu is displayed after right-clicking an object. The menu lists all options available to perform on the
object.
It is possible to integrate ESET NOD32 Antivirus control elements into the context menu. More detailed setup options
for this functionality are available in the Advanced setup tree under User Interface > Context menu.
Integrate into the context menu – Integrate the ESET NOD32 Antivirus control elements into the context menu.
The following options are available in the Menu type drop-down menu:
Full (scan first) – Activates all context menu options; the main menu will display the Scan with ESET NOD32
Antivirus option.
Full (clean first) – Activates all context menu options; the main menu will display the Clean with ESET NOD32
Antivirus option.
Only scan – Only the Scan with ESET NOD32 Antivirus option will be displayed in the context menu.
Only clean – Only the Clean with ESET NOD32 Antivirus option will be displayed in the context menu.
4.5.7 Gamer mode
Gamer mode is a feature for users that demand uninterrupted usage of their software, do not wish to be disturbed by
pop-up windows and want to minimize CPU usage. Gamer mode can also be used during presentations that cannot be
interrupted by antivirus activity. By enabling this feature, all pop-up windows are disabled and the activity of the
scheduler will be completely stopped. System protection still runs in the background but does not demand any user
interaction.
You can enable or disable Gamer mode in the main program window by clicking Setup > Computer then Enable under
Gamer mode; or you can enable Gamer mode in the Advanced setup tree (F5) by expanding User interface, clicking
Gamer mode and selecting the checkbox next to Enable Gamer mode. Enabling Gamer mode is a potential security
risk, so the protection status icon in the taskbar will turn orange and display a warning. You will also see this warning in
the main program window where you will see Gamer mode enabled in orange.
By selecting the Enable Gamer mode when running applications in full screen automatically checkbox, Gamer
mode will start whenever you initiate full-screen application and will automatically stop after you exit the application.
This is especially useful for starting Gamer mode directly after starting a game, opening a full screen application or
starting a presentation.
You can also select the Disable Gamer mode automatically after X minutes checkbox to define the amount of time
after which Gamer mode will be automatically disabled (default value is 1 minute).
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5. Advanced user
5.1 Profile manager
Profile manager is used in two places within ESET NOD32 Antivirus – in the Computer scan section and in the Update
section.
Computer scan
Your preferred scan parameters can be saved for future scanning. We recommend that you create a different profile
(with various scan targets, scan methods and other parameters) for each regularly used scan.
To create a new profile, open the Advanced setup window (F5) and click Computer > Antivirus and antispyware >
Computer scan > Profiles.... The Configuration profiles window includes the Selected profile drop-down menu that
lists existing scan profiles and the option to create a new one. To help you create a scan profile to fit your needs, see
the ThreatSense engine parameters setup section for a description of each parameter of the scan setup.
Example: Suppose that you want to create your own scan profile and the Smart scan configuration is partially suitable,
but you don’t want to scan runtime packers or potentially unsafe applications and you also want to apply Strict
cleaning. In the Configuration profiles window, click the Add... button. Enter the name of your new profile in the
Profile name field and select Smart scan from the Copy settings from profile drop-down menu. Then, adjust the
remaining parameters to meet your requirements.
Update
The profile editor in the Update setup section allows users to create new update profiles. Create and use your own
custom profiles (i.e. other than the default My profile) only if your computer uses multiple ways of connecting to
update servers.
An example is a laptop which normally connects to a local server – Mirror – in the local network, but downloads
updates directly from ESET’s update servers when disconnected from the local network (business trip). In this scenario,
it is suitable to create two profiles: the first one connecting to the local server; the other one to ESET’s servers. Then,
navigate to Tools > Scheduler and edit the update task parameters. Designate one profile as primary and the other as
secondary.
Selected profile – The currently used update profile. To change it, choose a profile from the drop-down menu.
Add... – Create new update profiles.
The bottom part of the window lists existing profiles.
5.2 Keyboard shortcuts
Key shortcuts that can be used when working with the ESET NOD32 Antivirus include:
Ctrl+G
Ctrl+I
Ctrl+L
Ctrl+S
Ctrl+Q
Ctrl+U
Ctrl+R
disables GUI in the product
opens the ESET SysInspector page
opens the Log files page
opens the Scheduler page
opens the Quarantine page
opens a Username and Password setup
resets window to its default size and position on the screen
For better navigation in the ESET security product, the following keyboard shortcuts can be used:
F1
F5
Up/Down
*
TAB
Esc
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opens help pages
opens Advanced setup
navigation in product through items
expands Advanced setup tree node
collapses Advanced setup tree nodes
moves the cursor in a window
closes the active dialog window
5.3 Diagnostics
Diagnostics provides application crash dumps of ESET's processes (e.g. ekrn). If an application crashes, a dump will be
generated. This can help developers to debug and fix various ESET NOD32 Antivirus problems. Two dump types are
available:
Complete memory dump – Records all the contents of system memory when the application stops unexpectedly. A
complete memory dump may contain data from processes that were running when the memory dump was
collected.
Minidump – Records the smallest set of useful information that may help identify why the application crashed
unexpectedly. This kind of dump file can be useful when space is limited. However, because of the limited information
included, errors that were not directly caused by the thread that was running at the time of the problem may not be
discovered by an analysis of this file.
Select Do not generate memory dump (default) to disable this feature.
Target directory – Directory where the dump during the crash will be generated. Click Open folder... to open this
directory within a new Windows explorer window.
5.4 Import and export settings
You can import or export your customized ESET NOD32 Antivirus .xml configuration file from the Setup menu.
Importing and exporting of configuration files is useful if you need to backup your current configuration of ESET
NOD32 Antivirus for use at a later time. The export settings option is also convenient for users who want to use their
preferred configuration of ESET NOD32 Antivirus on multiple systems, they can easily import an .xml file to transfer
these settings.
Importing a configuration is very easy. In the main program window click Setup > Import and export settings..., and
then select Import settings. Enter the file name of the configuration file or click the ... button to browse for the
configuration file you want to import.
The steps to export a configuration are very similar. In the main program window, click Setup > Import and export
settings.... Select Export settings and enter the file name of the configuration file (i.e. export.xml). Use the browser to
select a location on your computer to save the configuration file.
Note: You may encounter an error while exporting settings if you do not have enough rights to write the exported file
to specified directory.
5.5 Idle state detection
Idle state detection settings can be configured in Advanced setup under Tools > Idle state detection. These settings
specify a trigger for Idle-state scanning, when:
the screen saver is running,
the computer is locked,
a user logs off.
Use above check boxes to enable or disable the idle state detection triggers.
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5.6 ESET SysInspector
5.6.1 Introduction to ESET SysInspector
ESET SysInspector is an application that thoroughly inspects your computer and displays gathered data in a
comprehensive way. Information like installed drivers and applications, network connections or important registry
entries can help you to investigate suspicious system behavior be it due to software or hardware incompatibility or
malware infection.
You can access ESET SysInspector two ways: From the integrated version in ESET Security solutions or by downloading
the standalone version (SysInspector.exe) for free from ESET’s website. Both versions are identical in function and have
the same program controls. The only difference is how outputs are managed. The standalone and integrated versions
each allow you to export system snapshots to an .xml file and save them to disk. However, the integrated version also
allows you to store your system snapshots directly in Tools > ESET SysInspector (except ESET Remote Administrator).
For more information see section ESET SysInspector as part of ESET NOD32 Antivirus.
Please allow some time while ESET SysInspector scans your computer. It may take anywhere from 10 seconds up to a
few minutes depending on your hardware configuration, operating system and the number of applications installed on
your computer.
5.6.1.1 Starting ESET SysInspector
To start ESET SysInspector, simply run the SysInspector.exe executable you downloaded from ESET's website. If you
already have one of the ESET Security solutions installed, you can run ESET SysInspector directly from the Start Menu
(click Programs > ESET > ESET NOD32 Antivirus).
Please wait while the application inspects your system, which could take up to several minutes.
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5.6.2 User Interface and application usage
For clarity the main program window is divided into four major sections – Program Controls located on the top of the
main program window, Navigation window to the left, the Description window to the right and the Details window at
the bottom of the main program window. The Log Status section lists the basic parameters of a log (filter used, filter
type, is the log a result of a comparison etc.).
5.6.2.1 Program Controls
This section contains the description of all program controls available in ESET SysInspector.
File
By clicking File you can store your current system status for later investigation or open a previously stored log. For
publishing purposes we recommend that you generate a log Suitable for sending. In this form, the log omits sensitive
information (current user name, computer name, domain name, current user privileges, environment variables, etc.).
NOTE: You may open previously stored ESET SysInspector reports by dragging and dropping them into the main
program window.
Tree
Enables you to expand or close all nodes and export selected sections to Service script.
List
Contains functions for easier navigation within the program and various other functions like finding information online.
Help
Contains information about the application and its functions.
Detail
This setting influences the information displayed in the main program window to make the information easier to work
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with. In "Basic" mode, you have access to information used to find solutions for common problems in your system. In
the "Medium" mode, the program displays less used details. In "Full" mode, ESET SysInspector displays all the
information needed to solve very specific problems.
Item filtering
Item filtering is best used to find suspicious files or registry entries in your system. By adjusting the slider, you can filter
items by their Risk Level. If the slider is set all the way to the left (Risk Level 1), then all items are displayed. By moving
the slider to the right, the program filters out all items less risky than current Risk Level and only display items which are
more suspicious than the displayed level. With the slider all the way to the right, the program displays only known
harmful items.
All items labeled as risk 6 to 9 can pose a security risk. If you are not using a security solution from ESET, we recommend
that you scan your system with ESET Online Scanner if ESET SysInspector has found any such item. ESET Online
Scanner is a free service.
NOTE: The Risk level of an item can be quickly determined by comparing the color of the item with the color on the Risk
Level slider.
Search
Search can be used to quickly find a specific item by its name or part of its name. The results of the search request are
displayed in the Description window.
Return
By clicking the back or forward arrow, you may return to previously displayed information in the Description window.
You may use the backspace and space keys instead of clicking back and forward.
Status section
Displays the current node in Navigation window.
Important: Items highlighted in red are unknown, which is why the program marks them as potentially dangerous. If an
item is in red, it does not automatically mean that you can delete the file. Before deleting, please make sure that files are
really dangerous or unnecessary.
5.6.2.2 Navigating in ESET SysInspector
ESET SysInspector divides various types of information into several basic sections called nodes. If available, you may
find additional details by expanding each node into its subnodes. To open or collapse a node, double-click the name of
the node or click or next to the name of the node. As you browse through the tree structure of nodes and
subnodes in the Navigation window you may find various details for each node shown in the Description window. If
you browse through items in the Description window, additional details for each item may be displayed in the Details
window.
The following are the descriptions of the main nodes in the Navigation window and related information in the
Description and Details windows.
Running processes
This node contains information about applications and processes running at the time of generating the log. In the
Description window you may find additional details for each process such as dynamic libraries used by the process and
their location in the system, the name of the application's vendor and the risk level of the file.
The Detail window contains additional information for items selected in the Description window such as the file size or
its hash.
NOTE: An operating system is comprised of several important kernel components running constantly that provide
basic and vital functions for other user applications. In certain cases, such processes are displayed in the tool ESET
SysInspector with file path beginning with \??\. Those symbols provide pre-launch optimization for those processes;
they are safe for the system.
Network connections
The Description window contains a list of processes and applications communicating over the network using the
protocol selected in the Navigation window (TCP or UDP) along with the remote address where to which the
application is connected to. You can also check the IP addresses of DNS servers.
The Detail window contains additional information for items selected in the Description window such as the file size or
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its hash.
Important Registry Entries
Contains a list of selected registry entries which are often related to various problems with your system like those
specifying startup programs, browser helper objects (BHO), etc.
In the Description window you may find which files are related to specific registry entries. You may see additional details
in the Details window.
Services
The Description window Contains a list of files registered as windows Services. You may check the way the service is set
to start along with specific details of the file in the Details window.
Drivers
A list of drivers installed in the system.
Critical files
The Description window displays content of critical files related to the Microsoft windows operating system.
System Scheduler Tasks
Contains a list of tasks triggered by Windows Task Scheduler at a specified time/interval.
System information
Contains detailed information about hardware and software along with information about set environmental variables,
user rights and system event logs.
File details
A list of important system files and files in the Program Files folder. Additional information specific for the files can be
found in the Description and Details windows.
About
Information about version of ESET SysInspector and the list of program modules.
5.6.2.2.1 Keyboard shortcuts
Key shortcuts that can be used when working with the ESET SysInspector include:
File
Ctrl+O
Ctrl+S
opens existing log
saves created logs
Generate
Ctrl+G
Ctrl+H
generates a standard computer status snapshot
generates a computer status snapshot that may also log sensitive information
Item Filtering
1, O
2
3
4, U
5
6
7, B
8
9
+
Ctrl+9
Ctrl+0
fine, risk level 1-9 items are displayed
fine, risk level 2-9 items are displayed
fine, risk level 3-9 items are displayed
unknown, risk level 4-9 items are displayed
unknown, risk level 5-9 items are displayed
unknown, risk level 6-9 items are displayed
risky, risk level 7-9 items are displayed
risky, risk level 8-9 items are displayed
risky, risk level 9 items are displayed
decreases risk level
increases risk level
filtering mode, equal level or higher
filtering mode, equal level only
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View
Ctrl+5
Ctrl+6
Ctrl+7
Ctrl+3
Ctrl+2
Ctrl+1
BackSpace
Space
Ctrl+W
Ctrl+Q
view by vendor, all vendors
view by vendor, only Microsoft
view by vendor, all other vendors
displays full detail
displays medium detail
basic display
moves one step back
moves one step forward
expands tree
collapses tree
Other controls
Ctrl+T
Ctrl+P
Ctrl+A
Ctrl+C
Ctrl+X
Ctrl+B
Ctrl+L
Ctrl+R
Ctrl+Z
Ctrl+F
Ctrl+D
Ctrl+E
goes to the original location of item after selecting in search results
displays basic information about an item
displays full information about an item
copies the current item's tree
copies items
finds information about selected files on the Internet
opens the folder where the selected file is located
opens the corresponding entry in the registry editor
copies a path to a file (if the item is related to a file)
switches to the search field
closes search results
run service script
Comparing
Ctrl+Alt+O
Ctrl+Alt+R
Ctrl+Alt+1
Ctrl+Alt+2
Ctrl+Alt+3
Ctrl+Alt+4
Ctrl+Alt+5
Ctrl+Alt+C
Ctrl+Alt+N
Ctrl+Alt+P
opens original / comparative log
cancels comparison
displays all items
displays only added items, log will show items present in current log
displays only removed items, log will show items present in previous log
displays only replaced items (files inclusive)
displays only differences between logs
displays comparison
displays current log
opens previous log
Miscellaneous
F1
Alt+F4
Alt+Shift+F4
Ctrl+I
view help
close program
close program without asking
log statistics
5.6.2.3 Compare
The Compare feature allows the user to compare two existing logs. The outcome of this feature is a set of items not
common to both logs. It is suitable if you want to keep track of changes in the system, a helpful tool for detecting
malicious code.
After it is launched, the application creates a new log which is displayed in a new window. Click File > Save log to save a
log to a file. Log files can be opened and viewed at a later time. To open an existing log, click File > Open log. In the
main program window, ESET SysInspector always displays one log at a time.
The benefit of comparing two logs is that you can view a currently active log and a log saved in a file. To compare logs,
click File > Compare log and choose Select file. The selected log will be compared to the active one in the main
program windows. The comparative log will display only the differences between those two logs.
NOTE: If you compare two log files, click File > Save log to save it as a ZIP file; both files will be saved. If you open this
file later, the contained logs are automatically compared.
Next to the displayed items, ESET SysInspector shows symbols identifying differences between the compared logs.
Items marked by a
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can only be found in the active log and were not present in the opened comparative log. Items
marked by a
were present only in the opened log and are missing in the active one.
Description of all symbols that can be displayed next to items:
new value, not present in the previous log
tree structure section contains new values
removed value, present in the previous log only
tree structure section contains removed values
value / file has been changed
tree structure section contains modified values / files
the risk level has decreased / it was higher in the previous log
the risk level has increased / it was lower in the previous log
The explanation section displayed in the left bottom corner describes all symbols and also displays the names of logs
which are being compared.
Any comparative log can be saved to a file and opened at a later time.
Example
Generate and save a log, recording original information about the system, to a file named previous.xml. After changes
to the system have been made, open ESET SysInspector and allow it to generate a new log. Save it to a file named
current.xml.
In order to track changes between those two logs, click File > Compare logs. The program will create a comparative
log showing differences between the logs.
The same result can be achieved if you use the following command line option:
SysIsnpector.exe current.xml previous.xml
5.6.3 Command line parameters
ESET SysInspector supports generating reports from the command line using these parameters:
/gen
/privacy
/zip
/silent
/help, /?
generate a log directly from the command line without running the GUI
generate a log excluding sensitive information
store the resulting log directly on the disk in a compressed file
suppress the display of the log generation progress bar
display information about the command line parameters
Examples
To load a specific log directly in the browser, use: SysInspector.exe "c:\clientlog.xml"
To generate a log to a current location, use: SysInspector.exe /gen
To generate a log to a specific folder, use: SysInspector.exe /gen="c:\folder\"
To generate a log to a specific file/location, use: SysInspector.exe /gen="c:\folder\mynewlog.xml"
To generate a log excluding sensitive information directly in a compressed file, use: SysInspector.exe /gen="c:\mynewlog.
zip" /privacy /zip
To compare two logs, use: SysInspector.exe "current.xml" "original.xml"
NOTE: If the name of the file/folder contains a gap, then should be taken into inverted commas.
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5.6.4 Service Script
Service script is a tool that provides help to customers that use ESET SysInspector by easily removing unwanted objects
from the system.
Service script enables the user to export the entire ESET SysInspector log, or its selected parts. After exporting, you can
mark unwanted objects for deletion. You can then run the modified log to delete marked objects.
Service Script is suited for advanced users with previous experience in diagnosing system issues. Unqualified
modifications may lead to operating system damage.
Example
If you suspect that your computer is infected by a virus which is not detected by your antivirus program, follow the
step-by-step instructions below:
1. Run ESET SysInspector to generate a new system snapshot.
2. Select the first item in the section on the left (in the tree structure), press Shift and select the last item to mark all
items.
3. Right click the selected objects and select Export Selected Sections To Service Script.
4. The selected objects will be exported to a new log.
5. This is the most crucial step of the entire procedure: open the new log and change the – attribute to + for all objects
you want to remove. Please make sure you do not mark any important operating system files/objects.
6. Open ESET SysInspector, click File > Run Service Script and enter the path to your script.
7. Click OK to run the script.
5.6.4.1 Generating Service script
To generate a script, right-click any item from the menu tree (in the left pane) in the ESET SysInspector main window.
From the context menu, select either Export All Sections To Service Script or Export Selected Sections To Service
Script.
NOTE: It is not possible to export the service script when two logs are being compared.
5.6.4.2 Structure of the Service script
In the first line of the script’s header, you can find information about the Engine version (ev), GUI version (gv) and the
Log version (lv). You can use this data to track possible changes in the .xml file that generates the script and prevent
any inconsistencies during execution. This part of the script should not be altered.
The remainder of the file is divided into sections in which items can be edited (denote those that will be processed by
the script). You mark items for processing by replacing the “-” character in front of an item with a “+” character. Sections
in the script are separated from each other by an empty line. Each section has a number and title.
01) Running processes
This section contains a list of all processes running in the system. Each process is identified by its UNC path and,
subsequently, its CRC16 hash code in asterisks (*).
Example:
01) Running processes:
- \SystemRoot\System32\smss.exe *4725*
- C:\Windows\system32\svchost.exe *FD08*
+ C:\Windows\system32\module32.exe *CF8A*
[...]
In this example a process, module32.exe, was selected (marked by a “+” character); the process will end upon execution
of the script.
02) Loaded modules
This section lists currently used system modules.
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Example:
02) Loaded modules:
- c:\windows\system32\svchost.exe
- c:\windows\system32\kernel32.dll
+ c:\windows\system32\khbekhb.dll
- c:\windows\system32\advapi32.dll
[...]
In this example the module khbekhb.dll was marked by a “+”. When the script runs, it will recognize the processes using
that specific module and end them.
03) TCP connections
This section contains information about existing TCP connections.
Example:
03) TCP connections:
- Active connection: 127.0.0.1:30606 -> 127.0.0.1:55320, owner: ekrn.exe
- Active connection: 127.0.0.1:50007 -> 127.0.0.1:50006,
- Active connection: 127.0.0.1:55320 -> 127.0.0.1:30606, owner: OUTLOOK.EXE
- Listening on *, port 135 (epmap), owner: svchost.exe
+ Listening on *, port 2401, owner: fservice.exe Listening on *, port 445 (microsoft-ds), owner:
System
[...]
When the script runs, it will locate the owner of the socket in the marked TCP connections and stop the socket, freeing
system resources.
04) UDP endpoints
This section contains information about existing UDP endpoints.
Example:
04) UDP endpoints:
- 0.0.0.0, port 123 (ntp)
+ 0.0.0.0, port 3702
- 0.0.0.0, port 4500 (ipsec-msft)
- 0.0.0.0, port 500 (isakmp)
[...]
When the script runs, it will isolate the owner of the socket at the marked UDP endpoints and stop the socket.
05) DNS server entries
This section contains information about the current DNS server configuration.
Example:
05) DNS server entries:
+ 204.74.105.85
- 172.16.152.2
[...]
Marked DNS server entries will be removed when you run the script.
06) Important registry entries
This section contains information about important registry entries.
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Example:
06) Important registry entries:
* Category: Standard Autostart (3 items)
HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
- HotKeysCmds = C:\Windows\system32\hkcmd.exe
- IgfxTray = C:\Windows\system32\igfxtray.exe
HKCU\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
- Google Update = “C:\Users\antoniak\AppData\Local\Google\Update\GoogleUpdate.exe” /c
* Category: Internet Explorer (7 items)
HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main
+ Default_Page_URL = http://thatcrack.com/
[...]
The marked entries will be deleted, reduced to 0-byte values or reset to their default values upon script execution. The
action to be applied to a particular entry depends on the entry category and key value in the specific registry.
07) Services
This section lists services registered within the system.
Example:
07) Services:
- Name: Andrea ADI Filters Service, exe path: c:\windows\system32\aeadisrv.exe, state: Running,
startup: Automatic
- Name: Application Experience Service, exe path: c:\windows\system32\aelupsvc.dll, state: Running,
startup: Automatic
- Name: Application Layer Gateway Service, exe path: c:\windows\system32\alg.exe, state: Stopped,
startup: Manual
[...]
The services marked and their dependent services will be stopped and uninstalled when the script is executed.
08) Drivers
This section lists installed drivers.
Example:
08) Drivers:
- Name: Microsoft ACPI Driver, exe path: c:\windows\system32\drivers\acpi.sys, state: Running,
startup: Boot
- Name: ADI UAA Function Driver for High Definition Audio Service, exe path: c:\windows\system32
\drivers\adihdaud.sys, state: Running, startup: Manual
[...]
When you execute the script, the drivers selected will be stopped. Note that some drivers won't allow themselves to be
stopped.
09) Critical files
This section contains information about files that are critical to proper function of the operating system.
Example:
09) Critical files:
* File: win.ini
- [fonts]
- [extensions]
- [files]
- MAPI=1
[...]
* File: system.ini
- [386Enh]
- woafont=dosapp.fon
- EGA80WOA.FON=EGA80WOA.FON
[...]
* File: hosts
- 127.0.0.1 localhost
- ::1 localhost
[...]
The selected items will either be deleted or reset to their original values.
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5.6.4.3 Executing Service scripts
Mark all desired items, then save and close the script. Run the edited script directly from the ESET SysInspector main
window by selecting the Run Service Script option from the File menu. When you open a script, the program will
prompt you with the following message: Are you sure you want to run the service script “%Scriptname%”? After you
confirm your selection, another warning may appear, informing you that the service script you are trying to run has not
been signed. Click Run to start the script.
A dialog window will confirm that the script was successfully executed.
If the script could only be partially processed, a dialog window with the following message will appear: The service
script was run partially. Do you want to view the error report? Select Yes to view a complex error report listing the
operations that were not executed.
If the script was not recognized, a dialog window with the following message will appear: The selected service script is
not signed. Running unsigned and unknown scripts may seriously harm your computer data. Are you sure you
want to run the script and carry out the actions? This may be caused by inconsistencies within the script (damaged
heading, corrupted section title, empty line missing between sections etc.). You can either reopen the script file and
correct the errors within the script or create a new service script.
5.6.5 FAQ
Does ESET SysInspector require Administrator privileges to run ?
While ESET SysInspector does not require Administrator privileges to run, some of the information it collects can only
be accessed from an Administrator account. Running it as a Standard User or a Restricted User will result in it collecting
less information about your operating environment.
Does ESET SysInspector create a log file ?
ESET SysInspector can create a log file of your computer's configuration. To save one, click File > Save Log in the main
program window. Logs are saved in XML format. By default, files are saved to the %USERPROFILE%\My Documents\
directory, with a file naming convention of "SysInpsector-%COMPUTERNAME%-YYMMDD-HHMM.XML". You may
change the location and name of the log file to something else before saving if you prefer.
How do I view the ESET SysInspector log file ?
To view a log file created by ESET SysInspector, run the program and click File > Open Log in the main program
window. You can also drag and drop log files onto the ESET SysInspector application. If you need to frequently view
ESET SysInspector log files, we recommend creating a shortcut to the SYSINSPECTOR.EXE file on your Desktop; you
can then drag and drop log files onto it for viewing. For security reasons Windows Vista/7 may not allow drag and drop
between windows that have different security permissions.
Is a specification available for the log file format? What about an SDK ?
At the current time, neither a specification for the log file or an SDK are available since the program is still in
development. After the program has been released, we may provide these based on customer feedback and demand.
How does ESET SysInspector evaluate the risk posed by a particular object ?
In most cases, ESET SysInspector assigns risk levels to objects (files, processes, registry keys and so forth) using a series
of heuristic rules that examine the characteristics of each object and then weight the potential for malicious activity.
Based on these heuristics, objects are assigned a risk level from 1 - Fine (green) to 9 - Risky (red). In the left navigation
pane, sections are colored based on the highest risk level of an object inside them.
Does a risk level of "6 - Unknown (red)" mean an object is dangerous ?
ESET SysInspector's assessments do not guarantee that an object is malicious – that determination should be made by
a security expert. What ESET SysInspector is designed for is to provide a quick assessment for security experts so that
they know what objects on a system they may want to further examine for unusual behavior.
Why does ESET SysInspector connect to the Internet when run ?
Like many applications, ESET SysInspector is signed with a digital signature "certificate" to help ensure the software was
published by ESET and has not been altered. In order to verify the certificate, the operating system contacts a certificate
authority to verify the identity of the software publisher. This is normal behavior for all digitally-signed programs under
Microsoft Windows.
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What is Anti-Stealth technology ?
Anti-Stealth technology provides effective rootkit detection.
If the system is attacked by malicious code that behaves as a rootkit, the user may be exposed to data loss or theft.
Without a special anti-rootkit tool, it is almost impossible to detect rootkits.
Why are there sometimes files marked as "Signed by MS", having a different "Company Name" entry at the same
time ?
When trying to identify the digital signature of an executable, ESET SysInspector first checks for a digital signature
embedded in the file. If a digital signature is found, the file will be validated using that information. If a digital signature
is not found, the ESI starts looking for the corresponding CAT file (Security Catalog - %systemroot%\system32\catroot)
that contains information about the executable file processed. If the relevant CAT file is found, the digital signature of
that CAT file will be applied in the validation process of the executable.
This is why there are sometimes files marked as "Signed by MS", but having a different "CompanyName" entry.
Example:
Windows 2000 includes the HyperTerminal application located in C:\Program Files\Windows NT. The main application
executable file is not digitally signed, but ESET SysInspector marks it as a file signed by Microsoft. The reason for this is a
reference in C:\WINNT\system32\CatRoot\{F750E6C3-38EE-11D1-85E5-00C04FC295EE}\sp4.cat pointing to C:\Program
Files\Windows NT\hypertrm.exe (the main executable of the HyperTerminal application) and sp4.cat is digitally signed by
Microsoft.
5.6.6 ESET SysInspector as part of ESET NOD32 Antivirus
To open the ESET SysInspector section in ESET NOD32 Antivirus, click Tools > ESET SysInspector. The management
system in the ESET SysInspector window is similar to that of computer scan logs, or scheduled tasks. All operations
with system snapshots – create, view, compare, remove and export – are accessible within one or two clicks.
The ESET SysInspector window contains basic information about the created snapshots such as create time, a short
comment, name of the user that created the snapshot and snapshot status.
To compare, create, or delete snapshots, use the corresponding buttons located below the list of snapshots in the ESET
SysInspector window. Those options are also available from the context menu. To view the selected system snapshot,
select Show from the context menu. To export the selected snapshot to a file, right-click it and select Export....
Below is a detailed description of the available options:
Compare – Allows you to compare two existing logs. It is suitable if you want to track changes between the current
log and an older log. For this option to take effect, you must select two snapshots to be compared.
Create... – Creates a new record. Before that, you must enter a short comment about the record. To find out the
snapshot creation progress (of the currently generated snapshot), see the Status column. All completed snapshots
are marked by the Created status.
Delete/Delete all – Removes entries from the list.
Export... – Saves the selected entry in an XML file (also in a zipped version).
5.7 ESET SysRescue
ESET SysRescue is a utility which enables you to create a bootable disk containing one of the ESET Security solutions - it
can be ESET NOD32 Antivirus, ESET Smart Security or even some of the server-oriented products. The main advantage
of ESET SysRescue is the fact that the ESET Security solution runs independent of the host operating system, while it
has a direct access to the disk and the entire file system. This makes it possible to remove infiltrations which normally
could not be deleted, e.g., when the operating system is running, etc.
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5.7.1 Minimum requirements
ESET SysRescue works in the Microsoft Windows Preinstallation Environment (Windows PE) version 2.x, which is based
on Windows Vista.
Windows PE is part of the free Windows Automated Installation Kit (Windows AIK). Windows AIK must be installed
before creating ESET SysRescue (http://go.eset.eu/AIK). Due to the support of the 32-bit version of Windows PE, it is
necessary to use a 32-bit installation package of ESET Security solution when creating ESET SysRescue on 64-bit
systems. ESET SysRescue supports Windows AIK 1.1 and higher.
NOTE: Since Windows AIK is over 1 GB in size, a high-speed internet connection is required to download.
ESET SysRescue is available in ESET Security solutions version 4.0 and higher.
Supported operating systems
Windows 7
Windows Vista
Windows Vista Service Pack 1
Windows Vista Service Pack 2
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1 with KB926044
Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2
Windows XP Service Pack 2 with KB926044
Windows XP Service Pack 3
5.7.2 How to create rescue CD
To launch the ESET SysRescue wizard, click Start > Programs > ESET > ESET NOD32 Antivirus > ESET SysRescue.
First, the wizard checks for the presence of Windows AIK and a suitable device for the boot media creation. If Windows
AIK is not installed on the computer (or it is either corrupt or installed incorrectly), the wizard will offer you the option to
install it, or to enter the path to your Windows AIK folder (http://go.eset.eu/AIK).
NOTE: Since Windows AIK is over 1 GB in size, a high-speed internet connection is required to download.
In the next step, select the target media where ESET SysRescue will be located.
5.7.3 Target selection
In addition to CD/DVD/USB, you can choose to save ESET SysRescue in an ISO file. Later on, you can burn the ISO
image to a CD/DVD, or use it some other way (e.g. in a virtual environment such as VMware or VirtualBox).
If you select USB as the target medium, booting may not work on certain computers. Some BIOS versions may report
problems with the BIOS - boot manager communication (e.g. on Windows Vista) and booting exits with the following
error message:
file : \boot\bcd
status : 0xc000000e
info : an error occurred while attemping to read the boot configuration data
If you encounter this message, we recommend selecting CD instead of USB medium.
5.7.4 Settings
Before initiating ESET SysRescue creation, the install wizard displays compilation parameters. These can be modified by
clicking the Change... button. The available options include:
Folders
ESET Antivirus
Advanced
Internet protocol
Bootable USB device (when the target USB device is selected)
Burning (when the target CD/DVD drive is selected)
The Create option is inactive if no MSI installation package is specified, or if no ESET Security solution is installed on the
computer. To select an installation package, click Change and click the ESET Antivirus tab. Also, if you do not fill in
username and password (Change > ESET Antivirus), the Create option is greyed out.
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5.7.4.1 Folders
Temporary folder is a working directory for files required during ESET SysRescue compilation.
ISO folder is a folder, where the resulting ISO file is saved after the compilation is completed.
The list on this tab shows all local and mapped network drives together with the available free space. If some of the
folders here are located on a drive with insufficient free space, we recommend that you select another drive with more
free space available. Otherwise compilation may end prematurely due to insufficient free disk space.
External applications – Allows you to specify additional programs that will be run or installed after booting from a
ESET SysRescue medium.
Include external applications – Allows you to add external programs to the ESET SysRescue compilation.
Selected folder – Folder in which programs to be added to the ESET SysRescue disk are located.
5.7.4.2 ESET Antivirus
For creating the ESET SysRescue CD, you can select between two sources of ESET files to be used by the compiler:
ESS/EAV folder – Files already contained in the folder to which the ESET Security solution is installed on the computer.
MSI file – Files contained in the MSI installer are used.
Next, you can choose to update the location of (.nup) files. Normally, the default option ESS/EAV folder/MSI file
should be selected. In some cases, a custom Update folder can be chosen, e.g., to use an older or newer virus
signature database version.
You can use one of the following two sources of username and password:
Installed ESS/EAV – Username and password will be copied from the currently installed ESET Security solution.
From user – Username and password entered in the corresponding fields will be used.
NOTE: ESET Security solution on the ESET SysRescue CD is updated either from the Internet or from the ESET Security
solution installed on the computer on which the ESET SysRescue CD is run.
5.7.4.3 Advanced settings
The Advanced tab lets you optimize the ESET SysRescue CD according to the amount of memory on your computer.
Select 576 MB and more to write the content of the CD to the operating memory (RAM). If you select less than 576 MB
, the recovery CD will be permanently accessed when WinPE will be running.
In the External drivers section, you can insert drivers for your specific hardware (usually network adapter). Although
WinPE is based on Windows Vista SP1, which supports a wide range of hardware, occasionally hardware is not
recognized. This will require you to add a driver manually. There are two ways of introducing a driver into an ESET
SysRescue compilation: manually (click Add) and automatically (click Aut. Search). In the case of manual introduction,
you need to select the path to the corresponding .inf file (applicable *.sys file must also be present in this folder). In the
case of automatic introduction, the driver is found automatically in the operating system of the given computer. We
recommend using automatic introduction only if ESET SysRescue is used on a computer that has the same network
adapter as the computer on which the ESET SysRescue CD was created. During creation, the ESET SysRescue driver is
introduced into the compilation so you do not need to look for it later.
5.7.4.4 Internet protocol
This section allows you to configure basic network information and set up predefined connections after running ESET
SysRescue.
Select Automatic private IP address to obtain the IP address automatically from DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration
Protocol) server.
Alternatively, this network connection can use a manually specified IP address (also known as a static IP address).
Select Custom to configure the appropriate IP settings. If you select this option, you must specify an IP address and,
for LAN and high-speed Internet connections, a Subnet mask. In Preferred DNS server and Alternate DNS server,
type the primary and secondary DNS server addresses.
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5.7.4.5 Bootable USB device
If you have selected a USB device as your target medium, you can select one of the available USB devices on the
Bootable USB device tab (in case there are more USB devices).
Select the appropriate target Device to which ESET SysRescue will be installed.
Warning: The selected USB device will be formatted during the creation of ESET SysRescue. All data on the device will be
deleted.
If you select Quick format, formatting removes all the files from the partition, but does not scan the disk for bad
sectors. Use this option if your USB device has been formatted previously and you are sure that it is not damaged.
5.7.4.6 Burn
If you have selected CD/DVD as your target medium, you can specify additional burning parameters in the Burn tab.
Delete ISO file – Select to delete the temporary ISO file after the ESET SysRescue CD is created.
Deletion enabled – Enables you to select fast erasing and complete erasing.
Burning device – Select the drive to be used for burning.
Warning: This is the default option. If a rewritable CD/DVD is used, all the data on the CD/DVD will be erased.
The Medium section contains information about the medium in your CD/DVD device.
Burning speed – Select the desired speed from the drop-down menu. The capabilities of your burning device and the
type of CD/DVD used should be considered when selecting the burning speed.
5.7.5 Working with ESET SysRescue
For the rescue CD/DVD/USB to work effectively, you must start your computer from the ESET SysRescue boot media.
Boot priority can be modified in the BIOS. Alternatively, you can use the boot menu during computer startup – usually
using one of the F9 - F12 keys depending on the version of your motherboard/BIOS.
After booting up from the boot media, ESET Security solution will start. Since ESET SysRescue is used only in specific
situations, some protection modules and program features present in the standard version of ESET Security solution
are not needed; their list is narrowed down to Computer scan, Update, and some sections in Setup. The ability to
update the virus signature database is the most important feature of ESET SysRescue, we recommend that you update
the program prior starting a Computer scan.
5.7.5.1 Using ESET SysRescue
Suppose that computers in the network have been infected by a virus which modifies executable (.exe) files. ESET
Security solution is capable of cleaning all infected files except for explorer.exe, which cannot be cleaned, even in Safe
mode. This is because explorer.exe, as one of the essential Windows processes, is launched in Safe mode as well. ESET
Security solution would not be able to perform any action with the file and it would remain infected.
In this type of scenario, you could use ESET SysRescue to solve the problem. ESET SysRescue does not require any
component of the host operating system, and is therefore capable of processing (cleaning, deleting) any file on the disk.
5.8 Command Line
ESET NOD32 Antivirus's antivirus module can be launched via the command line – manually (with the “ecls” command)
or with a batch (“bat”) file. ESET Command-line scanner usage:
ecls [OPTIONS..] FILES..
The following parameters and switches can be used while running the on-demand scanner from the command line:
Options
/base-dir=FOLDER
/quar-dir=FOLDER
/exclude=MASK
/subdir
/no-subdir
load modules from FOLDER
quarantine FOLDER
exclude files matching MASK from scanning
scan subfolders (default)
do not scan subfolders
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/max-subdir-level=LEVEL
/symlink
/no-symlink
/ads
/no-ads
/log-file=FILE
/log-rewrite
/log-console
/no-log-console
/log-all
/no-log-all
/aind
/auto
maximum sub-level of folders within folders to scan
follow symbolic links (default)
skip symbolic links
scan ADS (default)
do not scan ADS
log output to FILE
overwrite output file (default – append)
log output to console (default)
do not log output to console
also log clean files
do not log clean files (default)
show activity indicator
scan and automatically clean all local disks
Scanner options
/files
/no-files
/memory
/boots
/no-boots
/arch
/no-arch
/max-obj-size=SIZE
/max-arch-level=LEVEL
/scan-timeout=LIMIT
/max-arch-size=SIZE
/max-sfx-size=SIZE
/mail
/no-mail
/mailbox
/no-mailbox
/sfx
/no-sfx
/rtp
/no-rtp
/adware
/no-adware
/unsafe
/no-unsafe
/unwanted
/no-unwanted
/pattern
/no-pattern
/heur
/no-heur
/adv-heur
/no-adv-heur
/ext=EXTENSIONS
/ext-exclude=EXTENSIONS
/clean-mode=MODE
/quarantine
/no-quarantine
scan files (default)
do not scan files
scan memory
scan boot sectors
do not scan boot sectors (default)
scan archives (default)
do not scan archives
only scan files smaller than SIZE megabytes (default 0 = unlimited)
maximum sub-level of archives within archives (nested archives) to scan
scan archives for LIMIT seconds at maximum
only scan the files in an archive if they are smaller than SIZE (default 0 = unlimited)
only scan the files in a self-extracting archive if they are smaller than SIZE megabytes
(default 0 = unlimited)
scan email files (default)
do not scan email files
scan mailboxes (default)
do not scan mailboxes
scan self-extracting archives (default)
do not scan self-extracting archives
scan runtime packers (default)
do not scan runtime packers
scan for Adware/Spyware/Riskware (default)
do not scan for Adware/Spyware/Riskware
scan for potentially unsafe applications
do not scan for potentially unsafe applications (default)
scan for potentially unwanted applications
do not scan for potentially unwanted applications (default)
use signatures (default)
do not use signatures
enable heuristics (default)
disable heuristics
enable Advanced heuristics (default)
disable Advanced heuristics
scan only EXTENSIONS delimited by colon
exclude EXTENSIONS delimited by colon from scanning
use cleaning MODE for infected objects.
Available options: none, standard (default), strict, rigorous, delete
copy infected files (if cleaned) to Quarantine
(supplements the action carried out while cleaning)
do not copy infected files to Quarantine
General options
/help
/version
/preserve-time
show help and quit
show version information and quit
preserve last access timestamp
Exit codes
0
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no threat found
1
10
50
100
threat found and cleaned
some files could not be scanned (may be threats)
threat found
error
NOTE: Exit codes greater than 100 mean that the file was not scanned and thus can be infected.
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6. Glossary
6.1 Types of infiltration
An Infiltration is a piece of malicious software trying to enter and/or damage a user’s computer.
6.1.1 Viruses
A computer virus is a piece of malicious code that is pre-pended or appended to existing files on your computer. Viruses
are named after biological viruses because they use similar techniques to spread from one computer to another. As for
the term “virus”, it is often used incorrectly to mean any type of a threat. This usage is gradually being overcome and
replaced with a more accurate term “malware” (malicious software).
Computer viruses mainly attack executable files and documents. In short, this is how a computer virus works: after
execution of an infected file, the malicious code is called and executed prior to the execution of the original application.
A virus can infect any files that the current user has write permissions for.
Computer viruses can range in purpose and severity. Some of them are extremely dangerous because of their ability to
purposely delete files from a hard drive. On the other hand, some viruses do not cause any damage – they only serve to
annoy the user and demonstrate the technical skills of their authors.
If your computer is infected with a virus and cleaning is not possible, submit it to the ESET lab for perusal. In certain
cases infected files can be modified to such an extent that cleaning is not possible and the files must be replaced with a
clean copy.
6.1.2 Worms
A computer worm is a program containing malicious code that attacks host computers and spreads via network. The
basic difference between a virus and a worm is that worms have the ability to propagate by themselves; they are not
dependant on host files (or boot sectors). Worms spread to email addresses in your contact list or exploit security
vulnerabilities in network applications.
Worms are therefore much more viable than computer viruses. Due to the wide availability of the Internet, they can
spread across the globe within hours or even minutes after their release. This ability to replicate independently and
rapidly makes them more dangerous than other types of malware.
A worm activated in a system can cause a number of inconveniences: It can delete files, degrade system performance,
or even deactivate programs. The nature of a computer worm qualifies it as a “means of transport“ for other types of
infiltrations.
If your computer is infected with a worm, we recommend you delete the infected files because they likely contain
malicious code.
6.1.3 Trojans
Historically, computer Trojans (Trojan horses) have been defined as a class of threats which attempt to present
themselves as useful programs and thus trick users into running them.
Since Trojans are a very broad category, it is often divided into several subcategories:
Downloader – Malicious programs with the ability to download other threats from the Internet.
Dropper – Malicious programs with the ability to drop other types of malware onto compromised computers.
Backdoor – Malicious programs which communicate with remote attackers, allowing them to gain access to the
computer and take control over it.
Keylogger – (keystroke logger) – A program which records each keystroke that a user types and sends the
information to remote attackers.
Dialer – Malicious programs designed to connect via premium-rate numbers instead of the user's Internet service
provider. It is almost impossible for a user to notice that a new connection was created. Dialers can only cause
damage to users with dial-up modems, which are no longer regularly used.
If a file on your computer is detected as a Trojan, it is advisable to delete it, since it most likely contains nothing but
malicious code.
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6.1.4 Rootkits
Rootkits are malicious programs that grant Internet attackers unlimited access to a system, while concealing their
presence. Rootkits, after accessing a system (usually exploiting a system vulnerability), use functions in the operating
system to avoid detection by antivirus software: they conceal processes, files and Windows registry data. For this
reason, it is almost impossible to detect them using ordinary testing techniques.
There are two levels of detection to prevent rootkits:
1. When they try to access a system: They are still not present, and are therefore inactive. Most antivirus systems are
able to eliminate rootkits at this level (assuming that they actually detect such files as being infected).
2. When they are hidden from the usual testing: ESET NOD32 Antivirus users have the advantage of Anti-Stealth
technology, which is also able to detect and eliminate active rootkits.
6.1.5 Adware
Adware is a short for advertising-supported software. Programs displaying advertising material fall under this category.
Adware applications often automatically open a new pop-up window containing advertisements in an Internet
browser, or change the browser’s home page. Adware is frequently bundled with freeware programs, allowing their
creators to cover development costs of their (usually useful) applications.
Adware itself is not dangerous – users will only be bothered with advertisements. Its danger lies in the fact that adware
may also perform tracking functions (as spyware does).
If you decide to use a freeware product, please pay particular attention to the installation program. The installer will
most likely notify you of the installation of an extra adware program. Often you will be allowed to cancel it and install
the program without adware.
Some programs will not install without adware, or their functionality will be limited. This means that adware may often
access the system in a “legal” way, because users have agreed to it. In this case, it is better to be safe than sorry.If there
is a file detected as adware on your computer, it is advisable to delete it, since there is a high probability that it contains
malicious code.
6.1.6 Spyware
This category covers all applications which send private information without user consent/awareness. Spyware uses
tracking functions to send various statistical data such as a list of visited websites, email addresses from the user‘s
contact list, or a list of recorded keystrokes.
The authors of spyware claim that these techniques aim to find out more about users’ needs and interests and allow
better-targeted advertisement. The problem is that there is no clear distinction between useful and malicious
applications and no one can be sure that the retrieved information will not be misused. The data obtained by spyware
applications may contain security codes, PINs, bank account numbers, etc. Spyware is often bundled with free versions
of a program by its author in order to generate revenue or to offer an incentive for purchasing the software. Often,
users are informed of the presence of spyware during a program‘s installation to give them an incentive to upgrade to a
paid version without it.
Examples of well-known freeware products which come bundled with spyware are client applications of P2P (peer-topeer) networks. Spyfalcon or Spy Sheriff (and many more) belong to a specific spyware subcategory – they appear to be
antispyware programs, but in fact they are spyware programs themselves.
If a file is detected as spyware on your computer, it is advisable to delete it, since there is a high probability that it
contains malicious code.
6.1.7 Packers
Packer is a runtime self-extracting executable that rolls up several kinds of malware into a single package.
The most common packers are UPX, PE_Compact, PKLite and ASPack. The same malware may be detected differently
when compressed using a different packer. Packers also have the ability to make their "signatures" mutate over time,
making malware more difficult to detect and remove.
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6.1.8 Potentially unsafe applications
There are many legitimate programs whose function is to simplify the administration of networked computers.
However, in the wrong hands, they may be misused for malicious purposes. ESET NOD32 Antivirus provides the option
to detect such threats.
Potentially unsafe applications is the classification used for commercial, legitimate software. This classification
includes programs such as remote access tools, password-cracking applications, and keyloggers (a program that
records each keystroke a user types).
If you find that there is a potentially unsafe application present and running on your computer (and you did not install
it), please consult your network administrator or remove the application.
6.1.9 Potentially unwanted applications
Potentially unwanted applications (PUAs) are not necessarily intended to be malicious, but may affect the
performance of your computer in a negative way. Such applications usually require consent before installation. If they
are present on your computer, your system behaves differently (compared to the state before their installation). The
most significant changes are:
New windows you haven’t seen previously (pop-ups, ads),
Activating and running of hidden processes,
Increased usage of system resources,
Changes in search results,
Application communicates with remote servers.
6.2 Email
Email, or electronic mail, is a modern form of communication with many advantages. It is flexible, fast and direct, and
played a crucial role in the proliferation of the Internet in the early 1990‘s.
Unfortunately, with a high level of anonymity, email and the Internet leave room for illegal activities such as spamming.
Spam includes unsolicited advertisements, hoaxes and proliferation of malicious software – malware. The
inconvenience and danger to you is increased by the fact that the cost of sending spam is minimal, and authors of spam
have many tools to acquire new email addresses. In addition, the volume and variety of spam makes it very difficult to
regulate. The longer you use your email address, the more likely it will end up in a spam engine database. Some hints
for prevention:
If possible, don’t publish your email address on the Internet
Only give your email address to trusted individuals
If possible, don’t use common aliases – with more complicated aliases, the probability of tracking is lower
Don’t reply to spam that has already arrived in your inbox
Be careful when filling out Internet forms – be especially cautious of options such as “Yes, I want to receive
information”.
Use “specialized” email addresses – e.g., one for business, one for communication with your friends, etc.
From time to time, change your email address
Use an Antispam solution
6.2.1 Advertisements
Internet advertising is one of the most rapidly growing forms of advertising. Its main marketing advantages are
minimal costs and a high level of directness; what’s more, messages are delivered almost immediately. Many companies
use email marketing tools to effectively communicate with current and prospective customers.
This type of advertising is legitimate, since you may be interested in receiving commercial information about some
products. But many companies send unsolicited bulk commercial messages. In such cases, email advertising crosses the
line and becomes spam.
The amount of unsolicited email has become a problem and it shows no signs of slowing. Authors of unsolicited email
often attempt to disguise spam as legitimate messages.
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6.2.2 Hoaxes
A hoax is misinformation which is spread across the Internet. Hoaxes are usually sent via email or communication tools
like ICQ and Skype. The message itself is often a joke or Urban Legend.
Computer Virus hoaxes try to generate fear, uncertainty and doubt (FUD) in the recipients, bringing them to believe
that there is an “undetectable virus“ deleting files and retrieving passwords, or performing some other harmful activity
on their system.
Some hoaxes work by asking recipients to forward messages to their contacts, perpetuating the hoax. There are mobile
phone hoaxes, pleas for help, people offering to send you money from abroad, etc. It is often impossible to determine
the intent of the creator.
If you see a message prompting you to forward it to everyone you know, it may very well be a hoax. There are many
websites on the Internet that can verify if an email is legitimate. Before forwarding, perform an Internet search on any
message you suspect is a hoax.
6.2.3 Phishing
The term phishing defines a criminal activity which uses techniques of social engineering (manipulating users in order to
obtain confidential information). Its aim is to gain access to sensitive data such as bank account numbers, PIN codes,
etc.
Access is usually achieved by sending email masquerading as a trustworthy person or business (e.g., financial
institution, insurance company). The email can look very genuine, and will contain graphics and content which may
have originally come from the source it is impersonating. You will be asked to enter, under various pretenses (data
verification, financial operations), some of your personal data – bank account numbers or usernames and passwords.
All such data, if submitted, can easily be stolen and misused.
Banks, insurance companies, and other legitimate companies will never request usernames and passwords in an
unsolicited email.
6.2.4 Recognizing spam scams
Generally, there are a few indicators which can help you identify spam (unsolicited emails) in your mailbox. If a message
fulfills at least some of the following criteria, it is most likely a spam message.
Sender address does not belong to someone on your contact list.
You are offered a large sum of money, but you have to provide a small sum first.
You are asked to enter, under various pretenses (data verification, Financial operations), some of your personal data
– bank account numbers, usernames and passwords, etc.
It is written in a foreign language.
You are asked to buy a product you are not interested in. If you decide to purchase anyway, please verify that the
message sender is a reliable vendor (consult the original product manufacturer).
Some of the words are misspelled in an attempt to trick your spam filter. For example “vaigra” instead of “viagra”, etc.
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