Wayner`s Cartridge Alignment Tools For Technical Assistance

Wayner`s Cartridge Alignment Tools For Technical Assistance
W a y n e r ' s Ca r t r i d g e Al i g n m e n t T o o l s
For T e ch n i ca l Assi st a n ce p l e a se Co n t a ct :
W a v n e r ( d) H u t ch t e t . n e t
S p o n s o r i n g Lin k :
Au d i o b y V a n Al st i n e
2 6 6 5 Br it t a n y La n e
W o o d b u r y , M i n n e so t a 5 5 1 2 5
W e b si t e :
w w w . a v a h i f i . co m
Em a i l : a v a h if i( g) com ca st . n e t
Tha nk you for purchasing Wayner's Cart ridge Alignm ent Tool. I t has been printed very accurat ely
on 1401b. card stock for durability and years of service. Th e print is directly generat ed by a CAD program ,
not printed in bulk. We do this to m aint ain accuracy. Every card is m a de by m yself and checked for
The r e are 3 popular null point sets that are used t oday. One is usually referred to as Baerwald's
curve ( or Lofgren's "A" curve) and we will refer to it from now on as Baerwald's curve, anot her is referred
to as Lofgren's "B" curve. The re is also a third curve called St evenson's, but it has a rather high distortion
level at t he beginning of t he record, but alm ost no distortion at t he end of t he record.
The values used for the Baewrwald or Lofgren " A" curve are: 6 5 . 9 9 8 m m for the inner null point
and 1 2 0 . 8 9 1 m m for t he out er null point. The values for Lofgren's " B " curve are 7 0 . 2 8 5 m m for the inner
null point, and 1 1 6 . 6 0 4 m m for the outer null point. The values for St evenson's curve are 6 0 . 3 2 5 m m for
the inner null point and 1 1 7 . 4 2 0 for the outer null point.
The thing to r e m e m be r here is that not all t urnt ables or arm s ca n achieve all of t he alignm ent s,
because t hey are sim ply restricted by their a rm length and cart ridge m ount ing slot lengt h. Because the
Lofgren B curve puts the stylus out t he farthest, it is the one alignm ent that m a y not work for your table.
I f you perform step 1 on t he alignm ent card, you will soon find out if your t able/ arm com binat ion can
achieve this alignm ent .
The cartridge alignm ent tool has the 3 alignm ent sets pre- printed for you to use im m ediat ely. The
B a e r w a l d d o t s a r e c o l o r e d in g r e e n , t he Lofgren B d o t s are colored in red and the St e ve nson d o ts are
colored in blue.
Before starting t he alignm ent process, it is suggest ed that you inspect your cantilever, so that it is
square to the world. A cant ilever that is going off at an angle will m a k e accurat e alignm ent im possible.
Also set your VTF ( vertical tracking force) to t he weight you want your cart ridge to track at. I f your
cart ridge m anufact urer gives a range, pick the m iddle or high m iddle weights. I f your table has azim ut h
adj ust m ent , m ake sure the cartridge is at 90°.
T h e Al i g n m e n t Pr o ce ss:
The process has been divided into 2 st eps, and if you want, you can even skip step 1, but it will
save you t im e in t he long run if you don't skip it. The alignm ent process is sim ple. Place an old used
record on your t urnt able; place the alignm ent tool over t he spindle on top of t he record and T u r n t h e
a n t i - sk a t e f e a t u r e of f u n t il t h e a l i g n m e n t p o r t i o n is d o n e . I f you observe your cartridge, it m ore
t hen likely has a straight, front surface. This was done on purpose, to help t he user align t he cartridge.
step 1: This step "roughly" sets your cartridge's overhang distance. What is "overhang"? It is the distance
the stylus goes past the record spindle (to the left of it) and is an important distance, along with the
distance between the record spindle and the pivot center of the tone arm, in determining the alignment
for the cartridge. See the illustration below:
It is suggested that you tape your platter of the turntable down to the plinth to keep the platter
from moving during this part of the process. The first thing to do is to aim the arrow on the alignment
card towards the tone arm pivot center (see illustration "A"). Then locate the colored dot for the alignment
you are after (see illustration "B"). In the example used, a Lofgren B alignment was desired, so the red
dot was the target. Move the tone arm over the alignment card and move the cartridge in or out so that
the stylus touches the red dot of the Lofgren B alignment. There is a chance that your tone arm and table
geometry will not allow you to physically get to this alignment, in that case, chose another one such as
the Baerwald alignment. After achieving a good target on the dot, step 1 (the rough-in) portion is
complete. Remove the tape that was securing the platter to the plinth.
Step 2: The object is to make sure that the front end and/or sides of your cartridge is parallel to the grid
that is in front of the colored dots. You must have the same appearance at each of the two locations. The
normal alignment process involves going back and forth between the 2 dots (rotating the platter to get at
the second dot), several times to make this happen. You will have to loosen and tighten your cartridge
mounting screws several times as well. What this process does, is twofold. First, it sets the proper "fine
tuned" overhang for your particular arm and alignment and secondly, sets the offset angle. When these
two criteria are met, the cartridge will be aligned. Start with the outside null point location, using the
colored dot of the alignment you want (see illustration "C"). Next, move the arm and platter so that you
can set it on the inner null point dot (see illustration "D"). When you are finished, tighten the mounting
screws for the last time and then set your anti-skate according to your table/arm's instructions.
\N A
Wayner's Cartridge Alignment Tools
For Technical Assistance please Contact:
Sponsoring Link:
Audio by Van Alstine
2665 Brittany Lane
Woodbury, Minnesota 55125
Website: www.avahifi.com
Email: avahifi@comcast.net
Thank you for purchasing Wayner's optional Anti-skating Calibration Tool (ACT). It is part of
set #1 and is set #3. It is made from polycarbonate for durability and years of service. Always store it in
its protective sleeve and keep it stored in the flat position. Please try to keep it clean.
The ACT is a very useful tool. It will immediately let the user know if the anti-skate feature of the
turntable works, and if it does, how it relates to the numbers on the dial of the table's anti-skate setting.
Use: To use the ACT disc, simply place the disc on top of your mat (if it is a plain, flat mat) or if
your mat (or you don't use one) has features and details that would prevent the ACT from laying flat,
place it on top of an old record that you have put on the turntable. Your cartridge needs to be aligned and
the vertical tracking force needs to be set because both of these features affect the arm's movement. Set
your table's anti-skate setting according to your table manufacturer's settings, start the turntable and
lower the arm with the cue lever so the stylus sits on the disc's surface. At this point there needs to be
some caution. If your anti-skate doesn't work or has little effect at the current dial setting, the arm will
race to the spindle. You need to be prepared to lift the arm with the cueing lever at any moment. You then
should add more anti-skating effect by increasing the dial position and trying the procedure again. You will
have success when the arm seems to stand still on the disc as it is turning, and in most cases, the arm
will stand still at any point from the record edge to the label area. With some turntables, we have noticed
that the arm will have a slight drifting inward or outward, depending on placement, and in this case, the
arm will not behave in this manner. It will not be a problem if you try to get the arm to stand still in the
middle of the playing area. If you have an automatic or semi-automatic turntable, extra care must be
taken near the label area as the arm may go into retract mode.
The final position of your anti-skating dial is up to you and of course, we recommend that you give
the anti-skate setting some listening to determine if the sound field is centered and there is no apparent
torque on the cantilever assembly.
Do not use the disc for long periods of time. Clean the stylus after using the disc. And of
course, while we use the disc all of the time to set our turntables, we are not responsible for
any accidents to the cartridge, table, records or the user in any way, shape or form,
whatsoever. Use at vour own risk.
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