ZF9HP48 / 948TE Introduction Presented by: Mike Souza ATRA Senior Research Technician 948TE Intro Webinar ©2015 ATRA. All Rights Reserved. Vehicle Application Acura (ZF9HP48) MDX 2014-15 AWD V6 3.5L RLX 2014-15 FWD V6 3.5L/3.7L Land Rover Range Rover Evoque 2013-15 FWD/4X4 L4 2.0/2.2L Discovery (LR4) 2015 FWD/AWD L4 2.0 Chrysler (948TE) TL 2014-15 AWD V6 3.5L/3.7L 200 2014-15 FWD L4 2.4L V6 3.2L Town & Country 2013-15 FWD 2013-14 L4 2.4L V6 3.6L Dodge (948TE) Caravan 2014-15 FWD V6 3.6L Fiat (EP2) 500X 2014-15 FWD L4 2.4L Doblo 2015 FWD L4 2.4L Jeep (948TE) Cherokee (KL) 2013-15 FWD L4 2.4L V6 3.2L Renegade 2014-15 FWD L4 2.4L Honda (ZF9HP48) Civic 2014-15 FWD L4 1.6L CRV 2014-15 FWD L4 1.6L Transmission Identification Chrysler 948TE (Kokomo IN) ZF 9HP48 (Germany) • • • • Externally the two units are visually similar Parts cannot be interchanged. VIN should always be used as the key for parts lookup. Barcode label includes the manufacturer identification in the second and third characters of the traceability number. 9 Nine forward gear speeds 48 480 Nm torque capacity 354 lbs ft T Transverse mounted E Electronic control HP Hydraulic planetary Introduction ZF developed the first nine-speed automatic transmission for front wheel drive vehicles. Although it was built in June 2011 it did not make it’s debut until mid 2013. This new transmission delivers extremely short shifting times and exceptionally smooth shifts. The electronic controls select the right gear for the driving conditions, eliminating unnecessary stepping and constant shifting using over 40 shift maps. The 9-speed automatic transmission is, without an additional oil pump, stop-start capable. Since, in the case of restarting, it is only one friction shift element that needs to be closed, response times are very fast. It can also be used as a hybrid transmission by replacing the torque converter with an electric motor. The ZF nine-speed automatic has been designed so that an additional transfer case can be connected for all wheel drive; ZF itself has an all-wheel drive that can be decoupled (AWD Disconnect). It actuates the rear axle drive only when needed and saves five percent less fuel compared to the permanent all-wheel drive (Chrysler already uses a similar system). The ZF-built unit is known as the ZF9HP48, while the Chrysler-built unit is known as the 948TE. These transmissions look nearly identical, parts are not necessarily interchangeable Introduction In normal driving, the transmission starts in second gear, but can be manually shifted with paddle shifters into first gear for max acceleration or a low range ratio of 4.7:1 for off-road driving. The transmission features a skip-shift feature that allows it to downshift directly without hitting every gear. Shift times and firmness are also based on driver input. Component Identification Clutch Identification There are 6 clutches, labeled A–F according to power flow from input to final drive, 4 multi-plate friction clutches and 2 dog clutches Clutch Apply Chart Failsafe Operation Dog Clutch Function The “A” dog clutch is one of two dog clutches in the 948TE. The dog clutch uses hydraulic pressure to engage and disengage the spline teeth between two components. This provides a non-slipping connection that does not use friction discs. The “A” dog clutch is a driving clutch located at the rear of the transmission and part of the input shaft. This clutch is on in 1st through 7th gear. When the TCM calls for a shift that engages one of the dog clutches, a message is sent to the PCM requesting that the engine be brought to a certain rpm. The dog clutches in the 948TE cannot simply be applied during downshifts without consideration for speed difference between the splined components. Dog clutches do not have disc-style clutch packs that can provide slip to match component speed. As a result, the transmission control module (TCM) can request an engine RPM and torque increase or decrease to allow speed matching. Dog Clutch Speed Matching As the engine rpm increases, the transmission slips one or more of the multi-disc clutches until the components of the dog clutch are at the same speed. Because the A-dog clutch is used in 1st but not in reverse, the TCM may use transitional phases in some situations such as rocking the vehicle out of snow or mud. The TCM uses other clutches to synchronize the speed of the dog clutch and the input shaft as the wheel speed transitions between forward and reverse motions. You'll A Dog Clutch Function The A-dog clutch is a driving clutch located at the rear of the transmission; it is part of the input shaft. This clutch is on in 1st gear through 7th gear. A Dog Clutch F Dog Clutch Function The F dog clutch is a braking clutch. When applied, the F dog clutch holds the P3 and P4 sun gear. The F-dog is on in 1st through 4th gears, as well as reverse and park/neutral. F Dog Clutch Transfer Gear Dog Clutch Function The transfer drive gear is splined to the P4 planet. A & F Dog Clutch Hydraulics A Dog Hydraulic Apply Circuit A Dog Hydraulic Release Circuit F Dog Hydraulic Apply Circuit F Dog Hydraulic Release Circuit Jeep 9-speed needs a reset again (3rd software upgrade) Software tweak aims to smooth out issues with Cherokee shifting The dog clutch is the linchpin that allows Chrysler's nine-speed transmission to be so compact. Chrysler delayed the Jeep Cherokee's launch to tweak the transmission's software. Now, it's under its third five-minute software reset or "reflash". A new software recalibration covers more than 100,000 Jeep Cherokees to address continuing issues with the way some of the nine-speeds shift gears. A service bulletin advises technicians in certain cases to perform an "adaptation drive learn" taking the Cherokee out for a test drive of up to 78 minutes to ensure that it is shifting correctly. Not all Cherokees sold require the reflash, according to the automaker, but it is available under warranty to customers who complain about the feel or operation of the transmission. In a written statement, a Chrysler spokeswoman said the reflash was being done "to respond to customer feedback and improve satisfaction." She said dealers were "asked to perform the software update on any unsold vehicles in inventory and for any customer who has requested improved throttle response or shift feel.“ About half of the 30 consumer complaints where “while it can be engaged in highway driving, it'll likely shift down to 8th gear at higher speeds because the drag starts to slow the car down”. Speed Sensors The input and output sensor are part of a single assembly located under the valve body. The sensors produce a 9V square wave based on the speed of the rotating components. The input speed sensor uses the E clutch housing as a tone wheel and the output speed sensor uses the transfer gear. Transmission Fluid Temperature Sensor The transmission fluid temperature sensor is part of the internal pass through wiring harness. Transmission Range Sensor (IMS) There are two range switch variants—shift-by-wire and shift-by-cable. Both are noncontact magnetic based sensors. The shift-by-wire range switch is very similar in operation to the 8HP45 transmission. The park by-cable range switch is typical with circuits for park, reverse, neutral, and drive. The range sensor is mounted internal to the transmission and operates like an IMS. Electronic Range Selector (ERS) Moving the shift lever to the ERS position (other than drive) will activate ERS mode. Which will display the current gear in the instrument cluster, and maintain that gear as the top available gear. Once in ERS mode, moving the shift lever forward (-) or rearward (+) will change the top available gear. Dog Clutch Pressure Transducer The pressure transducer is mounted to the valve body and is used by the TCM to monitor release pressure of both dog clutches. When one of the dog clutches releases, there is a momentary increase in the dog clutch exhaust circuit pressure. The transducer signal pattern is monitored by the TCM for control and diagnostics. Solenoid Identification 9 Solenoids Park By Cable 10 Solenoids Park By Wire Solenoid Apply Chart Park by Wire Similar to the system used with the 845RE there is no mechanical connection between the shifter and the transmission. A park lock piston is used to control the position of the parking pawl. The linkage is spring-loaded to default into the park position. Lower Valve Body Upper Valve Body Park by Wire The Manual Park Release lever is used for putting the transmission in neutral anytime the vehicle needs to be moved with the engine off. This is achieved by a cable attached to the transmission park pawl. When the cable is pulled, the transmission is put into neutral, and when the cable is released, the transmission is back into park. (Located in center console). Acura Push Button Park by Wire Not Holding Park Acura is halting sales of their 2015 TLX equipped with push button transmission shifter. The 9 speed 948TE may indicate park but still roll away as the park lock fails to work. As of January 6 2015 Acura is notifying customers of the recall. Chrysler Vehicles Use Shift Knob Trans Control No park issues have occurred at this point in time with Chrysler models. Park by Cable The manual valve provides gates for park (by way of a parking pawl), reverse, neutral and drive. Lower Valve Body Park by Cable Upper Valve Body TCM Locations The TCM may have Chrysler & ZF markings with both Chrysler & Fiat part numbers. External Components External Components Fluid Level Check 2.4L Engine NOTE: It is not necessary to check the fluid level unless there are shifting issues and/or has evidence of a transmission fluid leak. NOTE: Special dipstick tool 10323A and a scan tool are required to accurately measure the fluid level. To check the fluid level; measure the distance from the upper lip of the fluid level check port, located on top of the transmission housing above the differential, down to the surface of the fluid. Dipstick tool 10323A is marked in 5 mm increments. The engine must be running at idle with the transmission in park and the vehicle in a level position. 1. Connect a scan tool to the diagnostic connector under the instrument panel on the driver’s side of the vehicle. 2. View the scan tool data display and read the transmission fluid temperature. 3. Start the engine and allow it to run at idle with the transmission in Park. 4. Verify that the fluid temperature is above 50 °C. Tool 10323A Fluid Level Check 2.4L Engine NOTE: Vehicle must be level for accurate transmission fluid level readings. 5. Raise and support the vehicle. 6. Remove the left front tire and wheel assembly. 7. Turn the steering wheel to the full left position. 8. Remove the plug (1) from the fluid level check port. 9. Insert dipstick tool 10323A (1) into the fluid level check port and allow the handle Of the tool to rest on the flat surface of the transmission housing (2) around the check port. 10. Remove the dipstick tool 10323A (1) from the check port (2), keeping the handle above the tip so the level reading remains accurate. Fluid Level Check 2.4L Engine 11. Note the increment on the shaft of the Dipstick 10323A where the fluid left a witness mark. 12. Based on the temperature of the fluid and the measurement on the tool, refer to the graph or table to determine the proper level. 13. Install the plug into the fluid level check port and tighten to the proper torque specifications. 14. Install the left front tire and wheel assembly. Fluid Level Fill Table Fluid Level Check 3.2L / 3.6L Engine 1. Repeat steps 1 – 4 as previously shown. 5. Remove the engine cover. 6. Remove the plug from the fluid level check port. 7. Insert dipstick tool 10323A (2) into the fluid level check port (3) and allow the handle of the 10323A dipstick to rest on the flat surface of the transmission housing (1) around the check port. 8. Remove the dipstick 10323A from the check port, keeping the handle above the tip so the level reading remains accurate. 9. Note the increment on the shaft of the dipstick where the fluid left a witness mark. 10. Based on the temperature of the fluid and the measurement on the tool, refer to the graph or the table (shown previously) to determine the proper level. 11. Install the plug into the fluid level check port and tighten to the proper torque specifications. 12. Install the engine cover. Recommended Fluid & Filter Location Mopar ZF 8 & 9 speed transmission “Fill for Life” fluid is recommended part #68157995AB. Pale green in color and use of leak dye not recommended. The filter is mounted directly to the oil pump housing and is internal to the transmission case. The filter is only replaced as part of a major transmission repair. (Bell housing must be removed to access) All Wheel Drive Systems There are 3 types of all wheel drive (AWD) systems used with the 948TE transmission. • Active Drive 1 AWD Single Speed. • 4 Wheel Drive 2 Speed. • 4 Wheel Drive 2 Speed with Locking Rear Axle. Active Drive 1 Single Speed Active Drive 1 AWD system uses a Single Speed Power Transfer Unit (PTU) with a Single Speed Rear Driveline Module (RDM). Which operates in FWD mode until AWD is needed. AWD is automatically selected when conditions and driving style are operated in Auto Mode. All time AWD is also available by way of a Select Terrain Dial. All Wheel Drive (Active Drive 1) Single Speed Rear Driveline Module (RDM Single Speed Power Transfer Unit (PTU) 4 Wheel Drive (2 Speed) 2 Speed Power Transfer Unit (PTU) with a 2 Speed Rear Driveline Module (RDM). The RDM can be locked per driver request on Locking Rear Axle models. 2 Speed Rear Driveline Module (RDM) 2 Speed Power Transfer Unit (PTU) 4 Wheel Drive Differential Transfer driven gear and final drive pinion are a single assembly that include the parking gear. Torque Converter The 948TE uses a conventional torque converter with a pump, stator and turbine. The converter uses a single disc friction clutch splined to the dampening spring assembly. Cooling System The 948TE uses a bypass valve in the cooling circuit. The operation and location may vary by vehicle make and model. The typical bypass valve allows fluid flow to bypass the cooler until the fluid reaches operating temperature. When the correct temperature is reached, the bypass valve opens and directs flow to the cooler. Most bypass valves are designed to bypass the cooler if restricted and excessive back pressure is present. Cooler Radiator Bypass Valve Adaptation Learn There is a factory TSB 21-013-13 on the following pages that will take you through the adaptation learn procedure step by step. Adaptation Learn The adaptive learn procedure should be performed anytime the valve body assembly is replaced and/or the transmission has been overhauled, the adaptation memory cells must be cleared using the wiTECH or capable scan tool. Adaptation Learn This factory TSB’s as well as others can be found on a free website along with factory wire diagrams. http://www.revbase.com/BBBMOTOR Adaptation Learn This adaptive learn procedure must be performed completely step by step. Adaptation Learn The adaptation learn procedure should not be confused with “QUICK LEARN” soon to be called “VALVE BODY SOLENOID LEARN”. Adaptation Learn This learn procedure is required to match the transmission control module electrical system with the solenoids on the valve body. Adaptation Learn This procedure should only be performed when the valve body and/or transmission control module has been replaced. Adaptation Learn Do not perform a quick learn when the transmission assembly has been replaced. Adaptation Learn Quick learn / valve body solenoid learn will erase all factory settings when performed. It also will erase all adaptation memory cells as well. Adaptation Learn Do not perform the quick learn when the adaptation learn procedure is all that is required. General Specifications Special thanks to Robert Bateman at Seal Aftermarket for all his help compiling this information & pictures. 948TE Intro Webinar ©2015 ATRA. All Rights Reserved.
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