Emergency Responder Guide Tesla Roadster

Emergency Responder Guide Tesla Roadster
Emergency Responder Guide
This guide is designed to assist emergency responders effectively handle
a Tesla Roadster in emergency situations. The information in this guide
will allow you to respond to Tesla Roadsters in a safe manner.
Tesla Roadster
Contents
Identifying a Tesla Roadster
About the Tesla Roadster
Distinguishing features
Determining model year
3
3
3
The Roadster’s main components
Four main components
Battery Pack
Chassis
Motor and Power Electronics Module (PEM)
4
4
4
4
Safety Considerations
High voltage
The Roadster makes no noise
Airbags and other SRS components
Do not use water if the Roadster is plugged in
5
5
5
5
Emergency Disconnect on a 2008 Roadster
To stop all current flow
6
Emergency Disconnect on a Roadster 2
To stop all current flow
7
Airbags
Two airbags
8
The Roadster’s Battery Pack
Description and identification
Substantial electrical charge
Fire fighting measures
Battery first aid
Battery disposal
9
9
9
9
9
Battery Materials
11
Identifying a Tesla Roadster
roof is either a hard-top or
soft-top
charge receptacle
Determining model year
An Emergency Disconnect cable is located
either in the trunk area (on a 2008 Roadster)
or under the hood (on a Roadster 2).
Note: Subsequent to the 2008 Roadster, the
Tesla Roadster is no longer differentiated by
model year.
If you are in a situation where extensive effort
is required to open the trunk and hood, you
may need to determine the Roadster’s model
year to know where to find the Emergency
Disconnect cable.
To determine the Roadster’s model year, look
at the 10th character of the Vehicle
Identification Number (VIN). On a 2008
Roadster, the 10th character of the Vehicle
Identification Number (VIN) will be the
number “8,” whereas on a Roadster 2, the 10th
character will be the letter “A.”
Tesla emblem
Tesla lettering on back
About the Tesla Roadster
Distinguishing features
The Tesla Roadster is a high-performance
pure electric vehicle. It is powered by
electricity stored in a large high-voltage
lithium-ion Battery Pack located behind the
seats. The Roadster has been designed with
many features that provide you with safe
access to the vehicle under various
conditions. However, when approaching a
high-voltage vehicle in a rescue or recovery
situation, you must ASSUME THE ROADSTER
HAS ELECTRICAL POWER.
The Tesla Roadster is unique and can easily
be identified. A Tesla emblem is located in the
front of the Roadster and in the center of
each wheel. Tesla lettering is located across
the back body of the Roadster, between the
tail lights. An electric charge receptacle is
located to the right of the driver’s door—this
receptacle closely resembles a fuel door in a
conventional vehicle.
You can find the Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) in multiple locations:
• Top of Dashboard - the VIN is stamped on
a plate which is visible through the lowest
part of the drivers side of the windshield.
• Chassis - the VIN is stamped on the
Roadster’s chassis, and is visible behind
the passenger side front wheel.
• Underside of Dashboard - a VIN label is
attached to the underside of the
dashboard.
3
The Roadster’s main components
Four main components
The Roadster’s main components
The Roadster’s four main components:
•
•
•
•
Battery Pack
Chassis
Motor
Power Electronics Module
WARNING: Due to high voltage risks,
never cut or penetrate the Battery
Pack, even after you have cut the Emergency
Disconnect cable.S
The Tesla Roadster’s Battery Pack is a
substantial energy source. For details, see
The Roadster’s Battery Pack on page 9.
Motor and Power Electronics
Module (PEM)
The Roadster’s electric motor is located
behind the Battery Pack, under the trunk
area. The Power Electronics Module (PEM) is
located directly above the motor.
These components are illustrated on this page.
Chassis
Battery Pack
The Battery Pack, located behind the seats in
the trunk area, is housed in a black enclosure
and consists of several thousand lithium-ion
cells. The Battery Pack is monitored by a
safety system that responds to an emergency
by automatically disconnecting the Battery
Pack and shutting down high voltage power
to the Roadster and all its electric cables.
The Roadster’s chassis is made of extruded
aluminum.
4
Safety Considerations
High voltage wiring runs under the passenger side of the Roadster. It is connected to
an HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning) controller. High voltage wiring
also runs from the Battery Pack to the PEM and the Motor.
The Roadster makes no noise
Always remove the key. The Tesla Roadster
makes virtually no noise when the drive
system is powered on and the vehicle is
stopped. Never assume the Roadster is off
simply because it is silent and the key is in the
off position.
Airbags and other SRS
components
The Tesla Roadster features a DC to DC
converter. Turning off the car and removing
the key prevents the car from driving but does
not kill power to the airbags and other SRS
(Seating and Restraint System) components.
The only way to completely disable these
systems is by cutting the Emergency
Disconnect cables as described on pages 6
and 7.
High voltage
Safety Considerations
All high voltage cables and components
enclosed in orange-colored insulation or
wrapping. Never touch, open, or cut any
orange-colored cable or any component
connected to this cable without disabling the
high voltage system by cutting the
Emergency Disconnect cable as described on
pages 6 and 7.
WARNING: Failure to disable the high
voltage electrical systems (by cutting
the Emergency Disconnect cable) before
performing emergency response procedures
may result in serious injury or death from
electrical shock.S
Do not use water if the
Roadster is plugged in
If the Roadster is connected to a charging
device, DO NOT use water to extinguish a
vehicle fire. Exercise the same precautions
used when AC power supply potential exists.
If the Roadster is NOT connected to a
charging device, Battery Pack voltage will not
follow water back up a fire hose.
For more detail on fire fighting measures, see
Fire fighting measures on page 9.
5
Emergency Disconnect on a 2008 Roadster
To stop all current flow
Emergency Disconnect on a 2008 Roadster
Cutting the 12V Emergency Disconnect cable
stops all current flow through high-voltage
cables. It also stops all current flow to the
Roadster’s Seating and Restraint Systems
(SRS), which include the airbags and seat
belt tensioners.
60
6
1
0
50
40
30
20
10
0
7 8 9 1011
5
34
2
rpm
x1000
12
13
14
15
70 80 90100
110
120
130
140
150
mph
FAULT
TC
BRAKE
CRUISE
P
R
N
1
2
1
R
2
TC
2:00PM
2:00PM
Before attempting to cut the Roadster to
rescue occupants, you should reduce the
potential for current to flow from the high
voltage Battery Pack by shutting the
Roadster off and then cutting the Emergency
Disconnect cable.
On the 2008 Tesla Roadster, the Emergency
Disconnect cable is located under the trunk,
on the passenger side of the vehicle.
WARNING: High voltage cables and
components may remain powered for
up to 10 seconds after cutting the Emergency
Disconnect cable. The Seating and Restraint
Systems (airbags and seat belt tensioners)
may remain powered for up to 30 seconds.S
The emergency
disconnect is
located under the
trunk above the
rear passenger
wheel
Press the trunk release
button or insert the key and
turn counter- clockwise to
open the trunk
Follow these instructions to cut the
Emergency Disconnect cable:
1. Press trunk release button or turn the key
counter-clockwise to open the trunk.
2. Remove the cover labeled “EMERGENCY
SRS DISABLE.”
3. Cut the cable where indicated.
Remove cover and cut where indicated
6
Emergency Disconnect on a Roadster 2
To stop all current flow
Emergency Disconnect on a Roadster 2
Cutting the 12V Emergency Disconnect cable
stops all current flow through high-voltage
cables. It also stops all current flow to the
Roadster’s Seating and Restraint Systems
(SRS), which include the airbags and seat
belt tensioners.
Before attempting to cut the Roadster to
rescue occupants, you should reduce the
potential for current to flow from the high
voltage Battery Pack by shutting the
Roadster off and then cutting the Emergency
Disconnect cable.
Emergency
disconnect is
located under
the hood
On the Roadster 2, the Emergency
Disconnect cable is located under the hood,
on the driver side of the vehicle.
WARNING: High voltage cables and
components may remain powered for
up to 10 seconds after cutting the emergency
disconnect. The Seating and Restraint
Systems (airbags and seat belt tensioners)
may remain powered for up to 30 seconds.S
Pull the hood release handle
Insert the hood stay
Follow these instructions to cut the
emergency disconnect cable:
1. Pull the hood release handle located to
the left of the steering column.
Cut where indicated
2. Raise the hood and if possible, insert the
hood stay into the slot.
3. Cut the cable where indicated.
7
Airbags
Airbags
Note: The appearance of the interior will vary depending on model year, but airbags are in
the same location for all models.
Airbags
Two airbags
The airbag for the driver is located in the
padded hub of the steering wheel. The airbag
for the passenger is located on the
dashboard. These are indicated by the word
AIRBAG on the trim.
Exercise standard precautions when working
in close proximity to undeployed airbags.
Cutting the emergency disconnect stops all
current flow to the airbags. See pages 6
and 7.
8
The Roadster’s Battery Pack
The Roadster’s Battery Pack
Description and identification
Substantial electrical charge
The Tesla Roadster’s Battery Pack, also
referred to as the ESS (Energy Storage
System) is comprised of several thousand
consumer-grade hemetically-sealed
lithium-ion cells.
WARNING: Due to high voltage risks,
never cut or penetrate the Battery
Pack, even after you have cut the Emergency
Disconnect. If the Battery Pack has been
visibly damaged or its enclosure
compromised, practice appropriate high
voltage preventative measures until the
danger has been assessed and, if necessary,
dissipated.
Battery Pack
technology
Lithium-ion
Nominal voltage
366.3V
Maximum voltage
420V
Maximum weight
1200 lbs
Length
43.3 in (110 cm)
Width
32.3 in (82 cm)
Height
27.6 in (70cm)
Manufacturer
Tesla Motors USA
1050 Bing Street
San Carlos, CA
94070
For service issues,
call 1-877-79TESLA
(1-877-798-3752).
Emergency Contact
(USA)
Chemtrec:
1-800-424-9300
Emergency Contact
(International)
Chemtrec:
1-703-527-3887
(collect calls
accept3ed)
Do not short circuit, puncture, incinerate,
crush, immerse, force discharge, or expose
the Battery Pack to temperatures above
140°F (60°C).
Under normal conditions, the electrode
materials and liquid electrolyte that the
battery cells contain are not exposed,
provided the Battery Pack integrity is
maintained and seals remain intact. Risk of
exposure will occur only in cases of abuse
(mechanical, thermal, electrical). For
example, an internal or external short circuit
can cause significant overheating and
provide an ignition source resulting in fire,
including surrounding materials.
Fire fighting measures
If fire or smoke is observed when the Tesla
Roadster is connected to a charging source,
immediately shut off power to the charging
source.
In the case of burning lithium-ion fires,
generously and continuously flood the area
with water. The water may not extinguish the
fire, but will cool the adjacent battery cells,
control the spread of the fire, and prevent the
fire from being re-ignited.
Firefighters should wear self-contained
breathing apparatus. Battery cells may emit
potentially hazardous organic vapors if
exposed to excessive heat, fire, or
over-voltage conditions. These vapors
include HF2 oxides of carbon, aluminum,
lithium, copper, and cobalt. Additionally,
volatile phosphorous pentafluoride may form
at temperatures above 230o Fahrenheit.
Battery first aid
Under normal conditions, the Tesla
Roadster’s battery cells are hermetically
sealed. Contents of an open (broken)
constituent battery cell can cause skin
irritation and/or chemical burns.
If materials from ruptured or otherwise
damaged battery cells contact the skin, flush
immediately with water and wash affected
area with soap and water. For eye contact,
flush with significant amounts of water for 15
minutes and see a physician immediately.
Avoid inhaling vented gases. If a chemical
burn occurs or if irritation persists, see a
physician.
Battery disposal
The Tesla Roadster’s lithium-ion batteries do
not contain heavy metals such as lead,
cadmium, or mercury. Therefore, they are
9
The Roadster’s Battery Pack
exempt from hazardous waste disposal
standards in the U.S., as defined in the
Universal Waste Regulations.
However, the battery cells do contain
recyclable materials and Tesla Motors
encourages recycling whenever possible. For
information about recycling, contact Tesla
Motors. If disposing without contacting Tesla,
contact local, state, or federal authorities for
information about the appropriate methods
for disposal and recycling. Disposal
regulations vary depending on location.
10
Battery Materials
Composition and information on Battery materials
Battery Materials
The batteries in the Tesla Roadster consist of hemetically sealed lithium-ion cells that contain various chemicals and materials as detailed in the
following table.
Note: Under normal conditions, there is no risk of exposure. The cells do not contain metallic lithium.
Materials/Ingredients
Approx. % by
weight
CAS No.*
OSHA PEL**
ACGIH*** (TLV****)
LiCoO2 (Lithium Cobalt Oxide)
25-35
12190-79-3
0.1 mg/m3 TWA (as cobalt)
0.02 mg/m3 TWA (as cobalt)
Graphite
7-10
7782-42-5
5 mg/m3 TWA (total dust)
15 mg/m3 TWA (respirable fraction)
2 mg/m3 TWA (respirable fraction)
Hexafluoroprophylene-vinylidene
fluoride Copolymer
3-15
9011-17-0
None established
None established
Lithium Hexofluorophosphate
0-5
21324-40-3
None established
None established
Acetylene Black
0-2
1333-86-4
3.5 mg/m3 TWA (as carbon black)
3.5 mg/m3 TWA (as carbon black)
Dimethyl Carbonate
0-15
616-38-6
None established
None established
Ethyl Methyl Carbonate
0-15
623-53-0
None established
None established
Ethylene Carbonate
0-15
96-49-1
None established
None established
*CAS - Chemical Abstract Service established by the American Chemistry Society, which assigns identifiers (CAS Nc.) to chemicals.
**PEL - Permissible Exposure Limit in the USA for personal exposure to a substance. A PEL is defined by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health
Administration (OSHA).
***ACGIH - American Council of Governmental Industrial Hygienists.
****TLV - Threshold Limit Values are personal exposure limits determined by ACGIH.
11
©2009 TESLA MOTORS INC. All rights reserved. This material may not be reproduced or copied, in whole or in part, without the written permission of Tesla Motors, Inc.
Part Number 02-008305-00 Rev AA
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