Vintage Compressors Manual English

Vintage Compressors Manual English
Manual
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Document authored by: Nicolas Sidi
Document version: 1.0 (04/2011)
Special thanks to the Beta Test Team, who were invaluable not just in tracking down bugs,
but in making this a better product.
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© Native Instruments GmbH, 2011. All rights reserved.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
1
Introduction .............................................................................................................. 5
1.1
1.2
2
Using the VINTAGE COMPRESSORS ............................................................................. 10
2.1
2.2
2.3
3
Credits ...................................................................................................................... 21
What Is a Compressor? ............................................................................................................... 5
1.1.1
Main Compression Parameters .................................................................................. 6
1.1.2
Other Compression Parameters and Features ............................................................ 6
The VC 76, VC 2A, and VC 160 .................................................................................................... 7
Loading the VINTAGE COMPRESSORS ......................................................................................... 10
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS Interfaces and Controls ....................................................................... 10
2.2.1
VC 76 Interface and Controls ..................................................................................... 11
2.2.2
VC 2A Interface and Controls ..................................................................................... 13
2.2.3
VC 160 Interface and Controls ................................................................................... 16
Using the Side Chain Input ......................................................................................................... 18
2.3.1
GUITAR RIG as Stand-Alone Application .................................................................... 19
2.3.2
GUITAR RIG as Plug-In ............................................................................................... 20
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS - Manual - 4
Introduction
What Is a Compressor?
1
Introduction
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS brings three of the most renowned compressor units from the
history of music into the Rack of GUITAR RIG 4. The VC 76, VC 2A and VC 160 perfectly
recreate the sonic character of their ancestors. Each has its own unmistakable sound and
excels in particular fields:
▪ With its bright and punchy sound, the VC 76 is especially great on vocals and drums,
with a clear and powerful presence that lets them cut through your mix.
▪ With its smooth and warm sound, the VC 2A achieves outstanding results on guitars,
bass, and vocals, whose quieter parts can be softly pushed in a very natural way.
▪ With its bold and dirty sound, the VC 160 is perfectly suited for drums, adding a defin
itive “thwack” or “knock” to even the dullest kick and snare. It can as well rescue your
bass sound by giving it an additional attack and a dirty, underground edge.
1.1
What Is a Compressor?
Technically speaking, a compressor is an audio processing unit that reduces the dynamic
range of an incoming signal, i.e. reduces the level difference between the signal's quiet
and loud sections. This way, it can help to increase the perceived loudness of a signal and
attract the listener's attention.
For many studio and live music applications, the usage of compressors is inevitable: they
let you "glue" the individual instruments of an instrument group together and make them
"sit" in the mix more naturally, which is particularly helpful when mixing drum recordings.
Compression can also stretch the decay phase of instruments, mostly drums, and add sus­
tain to the tone of electric guitars.
However, compression can be used for a wide range of applications. Here are a just few
examples:
▪ Electric guitars and basses: Compression is applied to picked string instruments in or­
der to smooth the varying intensity of the individual strokes, thus increasing the per­
ceived overall level. At extreme settings, you can get a “wall-of-sound” effect!
▪ Drums: Adding compression to a bass drum or snare track will add punch and help de­
fine its sound in your mix.
▪ Vocals: Adding compression to vocals can make them sound more balanced by leveling
the soft and loud sounds in the voice.
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS - Manual - 5
Introduction
What Is a Compressor?
▪ Mixing/pre-mastering: A slight compression applied to the overall mix (or some specific
subgroups) can add cohesion between the various instruments.
Using compression is a fine art: You can easily destroy your sound if you don’t carefully set
the compression parameters! For each purpose, specific settings are required. A good un­
derstanding of each parameter’s effect, together with experience gained by using the com­
pressor, will allow you to achieve great results!
In addition to the above listed common applications there is room for your own experi­
ments, so feel free to use your compressor in a way not listed here.
1.1.1
Main Compression Parameters
Compression can be controlled by several parameters. The most important parameters are
the following:
▪ The threshold defines the audio level above which compression takes place. Below this
threshold level, the incoming signal is left untouched; above this threshold level, the
gain of the incoming signal is attenuated.
▪ You can choose how much attenuation is applied to the signal by defining an input/
output ratio. For example, when you select a ratio of 2:1, an input level that is 2 dB
above the threshold will create an output level that is only 1 dB above the threshold.
By setting an extreme compression ratio, you can practically prevent the signal from exceed­
ing the threshold level. The compressor then acts as a limiter.
▪ Since the compression attenuates the higher levels of your input signal, most compres­
sors allow you to add a fixed make-up gain to the output in order to counterbalance the
loss of level.
1.1.2
Other Compression Parameters and Features
The compression process can be further tuned by using additional parameters and fea­
tures.
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS - Manual - 6
Introduction
The VC 76, VC 2A, and VC 160
Attack and Release
The attack time can define how long it takes for the compressor to come into full effect
when the threshold level is reached. For example, a longer attack time can be useful to
retain the attack transients on a percussive or plucked string instrument in order to only
compress the instrument sound coming after the transients. For this, you could also make
use of parallel compression (see below).
Similarly, the release time can define how long it takes for the active compressor to return
to its standby state after the signal level has fallen below the threshold level.
The right settings for attack and release time strongly depend on both the current purpose
of the compression and the kind of instrument that you are working on!
Side Chain Input
Every compressor uses a detector to decide when to kick in. This detector listens to a con­
trol signal and activates the compressor when needed.
Usually, the detector listens to the input signal itself and activates the compressor when­
ever the level of the input signal exceeds the selected threshold.
A side chain input, on the contrary, allows you to feed the detector with another signal (e.g.
another track in your mix). In this setup, compression is applied according to the level of
the other signal. This greatly widens the versatility of your compressor.
Typically the side chain input is fed by the bass drum track as a control signal to trigger the
compressor on the bass guitar track. Another example is the “auto talk over” feature found
on several mixers, which automatically attenuates the level of the music as soon as you talk
into the microphone.
Parallel Compression
Sometimes you may want to keep the original signal and blend it with the compressed sig­
nal. Setting up a signal path for parallel compression can help retain some of the sonic
characteristics of your original instrument (mainly the transients) when a signal is heavily
compressed and in need of some top-end sparkle.
1.2
The VC 76, VC 2A, and VC 160
The VINTAGE COMPRESSORS are inspired by three of the most sought-after compression
units ever made. Each of them faithfully reproduces the characteristics and features of its
highly prestigious hardware ancestor.
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS - Manual - 7
Introduction
The VC 76, VC 2A, and VC 160
VC 76
Initially released in the mid-1960s, the VC 76’s forerunner was the first peak limiter with
all solid-state circuitry. In particular, the gain reduction was controlled by a field-effect
transistor used as a variable resistor. The unit’s extremely short attack and release times,
coupled with its signature sound, made it the choice compressor in countless situations—
some would describe it as THE definitive compressor!
The VC 76 notably provides you with the distinctive “All-Button” mode producing a very
unusual compression, as well as the “No-Button” mode giving your sound the unit’s color­
ing without applying any compression.
VC 2A
Originally produced in the early 1960s, the VC 2A’s forerunner is a tube-based compressor
still being used in the best recording studios worldwide. Its revolutionary design, making
use of an electro-luminescent optical gain reduction system, played an important role in
its transparent compression characteristics. This, along with the analog circuitry, helped
coin the unit’s trademark character whose soft coloring is still treasured among musicians
and sound engineers.
The VC 2A provides you with the same incredibly simple interface, which mainly relies on
two knobs. You won’t find any Attack nor Release control here, since these were deter­
mined by the analog hardware components used in the unit.
VC 160
Originally produced in the mid-1970s, the VC 160’s forerunner is still being used in nu
merous recording studios worldwide. Its circuit design includes some features quite
unique at the time of its introduction. Firstly, the true RMS level detection provided a
much closer behavior to the human ear than the usual peak detection found in other com­
pressors. Secondly, the feed-forward gain reduction allowed both extreme ratio settings
(virtually up to infinite compression!) and input signal tracking in order to determine the
adequate attack and release times.
The VC 160 provides you with the same simple interface, which mainly relies on three
knobs. You won’t find any Attack nor Release control here, since these were automatically
determined by the feed-forward gain reduction stage.
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS - Manual - 8
Introduction
The VC 76, VC 2A, and VC 160
Additional Features
Bringing vintage hardware into the software world allowed us to add a few great features,
which are now available in the expert panel of the VINTAGE COMPRESSORS. For exam­
ple, unlike their ancestors, the VINTAGE COMPRESSORS offer both a side chain input
and parallel compression. And, of course, as with any Component in GUITAR RIG 4, you
can save and recall presets for your favorite settings.
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS - Manual - 9
Using the VINTAGE COMPRESSORS
Loading the VINTAGE COMPRESSORS
2
Using the VINTAGE COMPRESSORS
This section describes how to use the VINTAGE COMPRESSORS.
2.1
Loading the VINTAGE COMPRESSORS
Once installed, the VINTAGE COMPRESSORS are found in the Component Pool in the
SideKick.
To load any of the VINTAGE COMPRESSORS:
1. Click the Components button at the top of the SideKick (the left column in GUITAR
RIG’s window) to display the Component Pool.
2. Find the desired compressor (VC 76, VC 2A or VC 160) in the Pool, whether under the
DYNAMICS category (if components are currently listed by categories) or under its own
product name (if components are currently listed by products).
3. Double-click the desired component or drag and drop it onto the Rack to load it.
Sound Settings
Here are a few things you should be aware of when using VC 2A in Guitar Rig.
▪ Please beware by default the input routing of Guitar Rig is set to mono. To activate
stereo input switch on the right channel by clicking on R in the Guitar Rig Global Head­
er.
▪ By default the Guitar Rig gate is set to on. To deactivate the gate click the Guitar Rig
Gate button in the Global Header.
▪ Due to the internal processing of the VC 2A, the HI (High Quality Mode) button does
not affect the overall output. To reserve CPU power we recommend you deactivate High
Quality Mode.
The Guitar Rig Global Header
2.2
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS Interfaces and Controls
This section describes all control elements found in the user interfaces of the VINTAGE
COMPRESSORS.
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS - Manual - 10
Using the VINTAGE COMPRESSORS
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS Interfaces and Controls
2.2.1
VC 76 Interface and Controls
This section describes the VC 76’s interface and controls in detail.
The VC 76 user interface
(1) INPUT knob: Adjusts both the input level and the threshold simultaneously. Turning this
knob clockwise will result in more compression.
(2) OUTPUT knob: Adjusts the make-up gain. This allows you to offset the overall output
level once you have set the desired compression.
(3) ATTACK knob: Adjusts the attack time of the compressor, i.e. the time it takes for the
compressor to come into full effect once the threshold level has been reached.
(4) RELEASE knob: Adjusts the release time of the compressor, i.e. the time it takes for the
compressor to get back to its standby state after the signal level has fallen below the
threshold level.
(5) RATIO slider: Selects the compression ratio. This directly affects how much gain reduc­
tion is applied to the input signal. Following ratios are available: 1:1 (1), 4:1 (4), 8:1 (8),
12:1 (12), and 20:1 (20):
▪ The ratio 4:1 (4) generates a moderate compression.
▪ The ratio 8:1 (8) generates a severe compression.
▪ With the ratios 12:1 (12) and especially 20:1 (20) the compressor tends to behave like
a limiter.
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS - Manual - 11
Using the VINTAGE COMPRESSORS
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS Interfaces and Controls
▪ The position ALL, at the top of the selector, was not available as such in VC 76’s ances
tor. It originates in the so-called “All-Button” mode used by many engineers. Indeed,
on the hardware unit the ratios were selected via a set of buttons. By pressing all but­
tons simultaneously, you could get an extreme (and variable!) form of overdriven com­
pression, which notably became a distinguishing feature of the “British sound” from
the 1960s and 1970s. This behaviour is made available here via this ALL position.
▪ On the other hand, with the ratio 1:1 (1) no compression is applied. Nevertheless, the
input signal still passes through the unit, thus getting its circuitry’s signature sound.
This is sometimes referred as “No-Button” mode (see the “All-Button” mode above for
the explanation).
See ↑1.1.1, Main Compression Parameters for more general information on the make-up
gain, compression ratio, and threshold level parameters.
(6) VU meter: Allows you to visually monitor the compression in real-time. This VU meter
has three operation modes, which you can select using the Display Mode Selector (see be­
low).
(7) Display Mode Selector: Allows you to switch the VU meter between various operation
modes by clicking the corresponding buttons:
▪ INPUT: The VU meter displays the level of the input signal. Use this mode to ensure
that the input signal is at the optimum level.
▪ GR (Gain Reduction): The VU meter displays the current amount of compression ap­
plied to the input signal. By tweaking the RATIO slider, you can see on the VU meter
how much gain reduction is being applied.
▪ OUTPUT: The VU meter displays the level of the output signal. You can use this display
mode while adjusting the output level via the OUTPUT knob to ensure that the output sig­
nal does not overdrive.
VC 76’s Expert Controls
The controls found in the expert panel of the VC 76 were not available in its legendary an
cestor. They allow you to adjust the compressor in more detail if required. This will greatly
extend the scope of use of your compressor.
To display the controls of the expert panel, click on the small arrow on the right side of the
Component.
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS - Manual - 12
Using the VINTAGE COMPRESSORS
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS Interfaces and Controls
(8) Component Preset display and menu: Like in all GUITAR RIG Components, this shows
the name of the current Component Preset and allows you to manage the Presets for this
Component.
For more info on the Component Presets, please refer to the GUITAR RIG 4 Application Ref
erence.
(9) SIDE CHAIN switch: Enables/disables the side chain input. The side chain circuitry al­
lows you to feed the compressor’s detector with another control signal instead of the input
signal itself (see ↑1.1.2, Other Compression Parameters and Features for more info on
this). Section ↑2.3, Using the Side Chain Input explains how to use the side chain in GUI­
TAR RIG 4.
(10) DRY LEVEL slider: Blends the original signal with the compressed signal. This is called
parallel compression (see ↑1.1.2, Other Compression Parameters and Features for more
info on this). When this slider is set to its left end stop, only the compressed signal is out­
put. Dragging the slider to the right progressively blends in the original signal into the
compressor output.
After changing the DRY LEVEL slider position, you might have to adjust the OUTPUT knob again
to ensure that the overall output remains at the optimum level!
2.2.2
VC 2A Interface and Controls
This section describes the VC 2A’s interface and controls in detail.
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS - Manual - 13
Using the VINTAGE COMPRESSORS
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS Interfaces and Controls
The VC 2A user interface
Like its renowned hardware equivalent, the VC 2A is very easy to use, as most of the time,
you will only need to tweak the big GAIN and PEAK REDUCTION knobs. Use the additional knobs
and switches to adjust the sound in greater detail. The full set of controls is as follows:
(1) Mode switch: Switches between two operation modes. When set to COMPRESS, the curve
of the gain reduction is softer and the compression ratio is lower. When set to LIMIT, the
compression ratio is higher and the VC 2A tends to operate more like a limiter.
(2) PEAK REDUCTION knob: Adjusts the amount of compression applied to the input signal.
This knob affects both the compression ratio and the threshold level simultaneously.
(3) GAIN knob: Adjusts the make-up gain. This allows you to offset the overall output level
once you have set the desired compression via the PEAK REDUCTION knob.
See ↑1.1.1, Main Compression Parameters for more general information on the make-up
gain, compression ratio, and threshold level parameters.
(4) VU meter: Allows you to visually monitor the compression in real-time. This VU meter
has three operation modes, which you can select using the Display Mode Selector (see be­
low).
(5) Display Mode Selector: Allows you to switch the VU meter between various operation
modes by clicking the corresponding buttons:
▪ INPUT: The VU meter displays the level of the input signal. Use this mode to ensure
that the input signal is at the optimum level.
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS - Manual - 14
Using the VINTAGE COMPRESSORS
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS Interfaces and Controls
▪ GR (Gain Reduction): The VU meter displays the current amount of compression ap­
plied to the input signal. By tweaking the PEAK REDUCTION knob, you can see on the VU
meter how much gain reduction is being applied.
▪ OUTPUT: The VU meter displays the level of the output signal. You can use this display
mode while adjusting the output level via the GAIN knob to ensure that the output signal
does not overdrive.
VC 2A’s Expert Controls
The controls found in the expert panel of the VC 2A were not available in its legendary an
cestor. They allow you to adjust the compressor in more detail if required. This will greatly
extend the scope of use for your compressor.
To display the controls of the expert panel, click on the small arrow on the right side of the
Component.
(6) Component Preset display and menu: Like in all GUITAR RIG Components, this shows
the name of the current Component Preset and allows you to manage the Presets for this
Component.
For more info on the Component Presets, please refer to the GUITAR RIG 4 Application Ref
erence.
(7) SIDE CHAIN switch: Enables/disables the side chain input. The side chain circuitry al­
lows you to feed the compressor’s detector with another control signal instead of the input
signal itself (see ↑1.1.2, Other Compression Parameters and Features for more info on
this). Section ↑2.3, Using the Side Chain Input explains how to use the side chain in GUI­
TAR RIG 4.
(8) LOW CUT knob: Applies a low cut filtering to the control signal that is sent to the com­
pressor’s detector. When this knob is set fully counter-clockwise (OFF), no filtering is ap­
plied. Turning the knob clockwise progressively excludes low frequencies from the control
signal sent to the detector.
The LOW CUT knob in no way affects the amount of compression applied. Instead, it allows
you to select a narrower frequency band in the control signal that will be used by the detec­
tor, be it the input signal itself (SIDE CHAIN set to OFF) or another control signal (SIDE CHAIN set
to ON).
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS - Manual - 15
Using the VINTAGE COMPRESSORS
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS Interfaces and Controls
(9) DRY LEVEL slider: Blends the original signal with the compressed signal. This is called
parallel compression (see ↑1.1.1, Main Compression Parameters for more info on this).
When this slider is set to its left end stop, only the compressed signal is output. Dragging
the slider to the right progressively blends in the original signal into the compressor out­
put.
After changing the DRY LEVEL slider position, you might have to adjust the GAIN knob again to
ensure that the overall output remains at the optimum level!
2.2.3
VC 160 Interface and Controls
This section describes the VC 160’s interface and controls in detail.
The VC 160 user interface
The VC 160 is very easy to use: most of the time, you will only need to tweak the THRESH­
OLD, COMPRESSION and OUTPUT GAIN knobs.
(1) THRESHOLD knob: Adjusts the threshold level above which compression is applied.
(2) Threshold Overrun indicator: These two LEDs indicate whether the current level of the
control signal is below (BELOW lit) or above (ABOVE lit) the defined threshold, thus helping
you adjust the THRESHOLD value.
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS - Manual - 16
Using the VINTAGE COMPRESSORS
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS Interfaces and Controls
Usually the control signal is the input signal itself. But if you are using the side chain input,
it can be any other signal (see ↑1.1.2, Other Compression Parameters and Features for more
on this).
(3) COMPRESSION knob: Adjusts the compression ratio. This directly affects how much gain
reduction is applied to the input signal. When this knob is turned fully clockwise, the com­
pressor acts as a limiter by applying a virtually infinite compression ratio.
(4) OUTPUT GAIN knob: Adjusts the make-up gain. This allows you to offset the overall out­
put level once you have set the desired compression via the THRESHOLD and COMPRESSION
knob.
See ↑1.1.1, Main Compression Parameters for more general information on the make-up
gain, compression ratio, and threshold level parameters.
(5) VU meter: Allows you to visually monitor the compression in real-time. This VU meter
has three operation modes, which you can select using the Display Mode Selector (see be­
low).
(6) Display Mode Selector: Allows you to switch the VU meter between various operation
modes by clicking the corresponding buttons:
▪ INPUT: The VU meter displays the level of the input signal. Use this mode to ensure
that the input signal is at the optimum level.
▪ GR (Gain Reduction): The VU meter displays the current amount of compression ap­
plied to the input signal. By tweaking the COMPRESSION knob, you can see on the VU
meter how much gain reduction is being applied.
▪ OUTPUT: The VU meter displays the level of the output signal. You can use this display
mode while adjusting the output level via the OUTPUT GAIN knob to ensure that the out­
put signal does not overdrive.
VC 160’s Expert Controls
The controls found in the expert panel of the VC 160 were not available in its legendary
ancestor. They allow you to adjust the compressor in more detail if required. This will
greatly extend the scope of use of your compressor.
To display the controls of the expert panel, click on the small arrow on the right side of the
Component.
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS - Manual - 17
Using the VINTAGE COMPRESSORS
Using the Side Chain Input
(7) Component Preset display and menu: Like in all GUITAR RIG Components, this shows
the name of the current Component Preset and allows you to manage the Presets for this
Component.
For more info on the Component Presets, please refer to the GUITAR RIG 4 Application Ref
erence.
(8) SIDE CHAIN switch: Enables/disables the side chain input. The side chain circuitry al­
lows you to feed the compressor’s detector with another control signal instead of the input
signal itself (see ↑1.1.2, Other Compression Parameters and Features for more info on
this). Section ↑2.3, Using the Side Chain Input explains how to use the side chain in GUI­
TAR RIG 4.
(9) LOW CUT knob: Applies a low cut filtering to the control signal that is sent to the com­
pressor’s detector. When this knob is set fully counter-clockwise (OFF), no filtering is ap­
plied. Turning the knob clockwise progressively excludes low frequencies from the control
signal sent to the detector.
The LOW CUT knob in no way affects the amount of compression applied. Instead, it allows
you to select a narrower frequency band in the control signal that will be used by the detec­
tor, be it the input signal itself (SIDE CHAIN set to OFF) or another control signal (SIDE CHAIN set
to ON).
(10) DRY LEVEL slider: Blends the original signal with the compressed signal. This is called
parallel compression (see ↑1.1.2, Other Compression Parameters and Features for more
info on this). When this slider is set to its left end stop, only the compressed signal is out­
put. Dragging the slider to the right progressively blends in the original signal into the
compressor output.
After changing the DRY LEVEL slider position, you might have to adjust the OUTPUT GAIN knob
again to ensure that the overall output remains at the optimum level!
2.3
Using the Side Chain Input
As mentioned above, by activating the SIDE CHAIN switch in the expert panel of any of the
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS, you can use a distinct signal for detecting when the compres­
sor has to kick in (see ↑1.1.2, Other Compression Parameters and Features for more info
on the side chain feature).
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS - Manual - 18
Using the VINTAGE COMPRESSORS
Using the Side Chain Input
2.3.1
GUITAR RIG as Stand-Alone Application
When using GUITAR RIG 4 in stand-alone mode, VINTAGE COMPRESSORS utilizes two of
the four audio inputs available in GUITAR RIG 4. In the Audio and MIDI Settings window,
these inputs can be found in the Inputs view of the Routing page. They are labeled Guitar
Rig 4 SideChain L and Guitar Rig SideChain R:
The two additional side chain inputs in the Routing page of the Audio and MIDI Settings window (Windows depicted).
These additional inputs allow you to route any audio signal to the side chain circuit of your
compressor in order to feed its detector.
In Inputs view, you can select the physical input(s) of your audio interface for use as side
chain input(s), as you would for your usual inputs.
For example, in the picture above, we assigned:
▪ the INPUT 1 socket of the RIG KONTROL 3 to the main instrument input Guitar Rig 4 In L
(where our guitar is connected),
▪ the INPUT 2 socket of the RIG KONTROL 3 to the side chain input Guitar Rig 4 SideChain
L (where we can feed the desired audio source that will act as a control signal into the
compressor).
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS - Manual - 19
Using the VINTAGE COMPRESSORS
Using the Side Chain Input
2.3.2
GUITAR RIG as Plug-In
When using GUITAR RIG 4 as plug-in within your favorite host software, all audio routing
is handled by the host. VINTAGE COMPRESSORS adds two virtual audio inputs to the
GUITAR RIG 4 plug-in. These additional inputs allow you to route any audio signal to the
side chain circuit of your compressor in order to feed its detector.
The way audio routing is handled differs in each host software. For more info on how to
route the desired signals to the virtual audio inputs of the GUITAR RIG 4 plug-in, please
refer to the documentation of your host software.
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS - Manual - 20
Credits
3
Credits
Modeling VC160: Oscar Öberg, Arvid Rosén
Modeling VC2A: Arvid Rosén, Oscar Öberg, Niklas Odelholm
Modeling VC76: Oscar Öberg
Framework programming: Torsten Gatu
Application Development: Hans-Joachim Mond
Product Design: Andre Estermann
Graphic Design: Philipp Roller, Efflam Le Bivic, Kenneth Jensen
Sound Design: Dinos Vallianatos, Sebastian Müller
A/B testing: Niklas Odelholm, Dan Lumbye, Chuck Zwicky
Additional testing: Stephen W Tayler, Robbie Bronnimann
Quality Assurance: Tom Scheutzlich
Special thanks: Rolf Blixt, Ulf Karlsson
Project Management: Gerald Zollner, Felix Nölken
VINTAGE COMPRESSORS - Manual - 21
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