uso e manutenzione use and maintenance manual

uso e manutenzione use and maintenance manual
IT
USO E MANUTENZIONE
MACCHINE CAFFÈ ESPRESSO - SERIE 95
GB
USE AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
ESPRESSO COFFEE MACHINES - 95 SERIES
FR
MANUEL D’INSTRUCTIONS POUR L’EMPLOI ET L’ENTRETIEN
MACHINES À CAFÉ EXPRESS - SERIE 95
DE
BEDIENUNGS- UND WARTUNGSANLEITUNG
ESPRESSOMASCHINEN - SERIE 95
CONTENTS
RECOMMENDATIONS (reference, use, warranty) . . . . . . .
TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF DIFFERENT MODELS
MACHINE CHARACTERISTICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GENERAL HYDRAULIC DIAGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WATER SUPPLY DIAGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LEGEND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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30
31
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34
35
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36
36
36
36
36
37
38
39
39
39
MACHINE OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Heating the water in the boiler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Steam collection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drawing warm water (on all PRACTICAL, SPRINT and semiautomatic models) .
Coffee serving (on all semiautomatic models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drawing hot water (on all automatic models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Serving coffee (on all automatic models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Emergency operation (for 95-22 automatic models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ADDITIONAL NOTES FOR 95-26 and 95-36 MODELS . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ADDITIONAL NOTES FOR 95-23 and 95-33 MODELS . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ADDITIONAL NOTES FOR 95-31, 95-32, 95-33 and 95-36 MODELS . . . . . .
OPTIONS: Gas heating of boiler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electric cup warmer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Water softener . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IDLE PERIODS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EMERGENCY SITUATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ALARM SIGNALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MAIN DEFECTS CAUSED BY THE INCORRECT USE OF THE EQUIPMENT
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. . .
41
41
41
41
41
42
42
42
43
46
49
49
49
49
50
50
51
51
54
INSTALLATION OF MACHINE . . . .
Equipment in machine kit . . . . . . . .
Prearrangement of water supply . . . . .
Installation of water system . . . . . . .
Drainage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical connections . . . . . . . . .
Gas fired Boiler (optional) . . . . . . .
Charging the boiler . . . . . . . . . . .
Calibration of pump pressure . . . . . .
Calibration of water pressure in the boiler
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FOR THE USER
FOR THE PROGRAMMER
PROGRAMMING THE DOSES FOR ESPRESSO COFFEE AND FOR HOT WATER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
PROGRAMMING THE BOILER WORKING TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
MANUAL CODE 7770.009
Revision 04/2006
29
ENGLISH
FOR THE INSTALLER
RECOMMENDATIONS
REFERENCE
This manual provides machine users and routine maintenance personnel with all the information necessary for a safe and
efficient operation of the machine.
This manual is an integral part of the machine and contains all the information required for its operation and maintenance.
The user is urged to read this manual carefully before installing and starting the machine.
This manual must be kept for the duration of the machine and must be transferred to any other subsequent user or owner of the
machine.
The manual or a copy of the same must always be kept in a place protected from heat, moisture or corrosive agents near the
machine, where it can be consulted by the operator.
ENGLISH
USE
This machine is designed for serving espresso coffee, for the production of hot water for beverages or for the indirect heating
of beverages.
The machine must not be charged with alcoholic substances.
Any improper use of the machine and disregard of the recommendations of this manual releases the manufacturer from any
conditions of warranty and from liability for any resulting damage or injuries.
The machine must only be operated by personnel well acquainted with its particular characteristics and instructed in the main
safety procedures.
All accident prevention procedures and any other work safety and health regulation must always be complied with.
We urge the user to contact the Manufacturer for any information, spare parts or accessories. However, the user must not carry
out any operations or procedures that are not clearly understood.
Any arbitrary change on the machine and failure to carry out the scheduled maintenance will release the Manufacturer from
any liability for any resulting damages.
To ensure the correct use of the machine, the user is urged to follow some basic rules of behavior, such as:
the operation and use of the machine is reserved exclusively for authorized personnel, who must have read this manual and
become acquainted with its contents;
operating personnel must wear suitable clothing, as required by the safety legislation of the Country where the machine is use;
the machine must not be installed in places where cleaning is carried out with jets of water;
make sure that the workplace is clean and in order and that all keys and accessories are in their proper place. Do not carry out
any cleaning or maintenance while the machine is connected to the power supply.
The machine must never be used with the fixed and/or mobile guards removed or with the safety devices cut off.
The safety devices must absolutely never be removed or tampered with.
Any servicing on the water system must only be carried out by qualified service personnel and only after having released the
pressure in the boiler (see ROUTINE MAINTENANCE).
Close compliance with the scheduled maintenance procedures indicated in this manual is necessary both to work safely and to
maintain the efficiency of the machine.
Any repairs on the machine must only be carried out by the manufacturer or by an authorized LA SAN MARCO service center.
For your safety, always request original LA SAN MARCO spare parts. The use of any other than original spare parts voids the
guarantee and the conformity certifications provided with the machine.
For a better product quality, we recommend that the water in the boiler and in the tubing be flushed daily when
starting the machine.
The water should also be changed if the machine remains idle for several hours during the day by flushing it out
through the hot water valve and the coffee serving units.
For a proper disposal of the machine when it is to be discarded, contact the firms specialized in the sorted collection and disposal of solid waste.
WARRANTY
The warranty is voided if:
- the instructions in this manual are not complied with
- the scheduled maintenance procedures are not followed
- repairs are carried out by unauthorized personnel
- the machine is used for any other than its intended purposes
- the original parts are replaced with parts from different manufacturers.
Inspect the machine upon delivery to check for any damage suffered during transportation.
Any complaints must be sent to LA SAN MARCO in writing within 8 days following the reception of the machine.
IMPORTANT
The user is urged to keep all the technical documentation, including the wiring diagram, enclosed with this manual.
LA SAN MARCO reserves the right to apply any technical changes it may consider necessary on the machine, without
advance notice.
30
TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS
OF DIFFERENT MODELS
CUP
WARMER
(Optional)
WEIGHT
(kg)
DIMENS.
A
(mm)
95-PRACT-S
1
2,5
2000
–
275
–
41
360
95-SPRINT-S
2
4,9
3000
4500
275
–
56
605
2
12
300
100
56
695
3
19
300
125
70
935
4
25
300
150
90
1170
95-PRACT-E
1
2,5
2000
–
275
–
42
360
95-SPRINT-E
2
4,9
3000
4500
275
–
56
605
2
12
3500
3500
4500
4500
300
100
60
695
3
19
5500
5500
7000
7000
300
125
74
935
4
25
7000
9000
95-23
2
12
95-33
3
19
95-21
95-31
3500
3500
4500
4500
5500
5500
7000
7000
7000
7000
9000
95-22
AUTOMATIC
95-32
7000
3500
3500
4500
4500
5500
5500
7000
7000
300
150
94
1170
300
100
60
695
300
125
74
935
2
12
3500
3500
4500
4500
3
19
5500
5500
7000
7000
300
125
74
935
4
25
7000
9000
300
150
94
1170
300
100
60
695
95-26
95-36
7000
• The machines are prearranged for the
following voltages:
400V - 3N three-phase ( elements)
230V - 3 three-phase ( elements)
230V
single-phase
• Only PRACTICAL models
110/230V single phase.
• Pump incorporated in PRACTICAL
and SPRINT models.
External pump on other models.
FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS
1 • Coffee served with push button start and
stop.
• Hot water and steam supplied on all models.
• Automatic level control (automatic water
charging into boiler) on all models.
2 • 95-21: Normal version.
• 95-31: Version with stabilized temperature.
3 • Electronic metering of coffee servings with
possibility of memorizing 6 different doses
for each unit.
• Hot water and steam serving on all models,
with possibility (except on PRACTICAL
and SPRINT models) of memorizing 2
different hot water doses.
• Automatic level control (automatic charging
of water into boiler) on all models.
• Semiautomatic operation (up to a max. of 2
units) in case of failure of electronic system
(except for PRACTICAL/SPRINT models).
4 • 95-22: Normal version.
• 95-32: Version with stabilized temperature.
5 • Same as point 3, but with prearrangement
for connection with centralized waiter
management system (Walla, Hartwall).
6 • 95-23: Normal version.
• 95-33: Version with stabilized temperature.
7 • Same as point 3, plus display with indication
of boiler pressure/temperature and number
of coffees served for each individual dose.
• External programming of operating temperatures.
• Possibility of programming automatic
starting and stopping of machine.
• Display with indication of: time of day and
day of week. Alarm with light bar (green,
yellow, red) for regeneration of water
softener.
8 • 95-26: Normal version.
• 95-36: Version with stabilized temperature.
Optional:
• Electrical cup warmer for all models
(except for PRACTICAL and
SPRINT).
• Water softener for all models.
• Gas heating system only for 95-21
95-22 95-31 95-32 models.
31
ENGLISH
SEMIAUTOMATIC
MODEL
POWER INPUT (W)
BOILER
NO.
CAPACITY POWER CONNECTION
OF UNITS
(liters)
PUMP
MONO. THREE PH.
32
.
SEMIAUTOMATIC MOD.
AUTOMATIC MOD.
ENGLISH
MACHINE CHARACTERISTICS
Normal version
ENGLISH
Version with stabilized temperature
GENERAL HYDRAULIC DIAGRAM
33
Connection for models with
external pump
ENGLISH
Connection for models with
internal pump
WATER SUPPLY DIAGRAM
34
LEGEND
Grounds collecting plate with grill
Automatic level control valve
Automatic level control valve
Boiler discharge valve
Displacement meter valve
Displacement meter valve
Displacement meters
Grounds collecting tray
Non-return valve
Non-return and safety valve
Solenoid for aut. level control with filter
3/8” nipple (machine water supply)
3/8” nipple (mains water tap)
3/8” nut
Mains water supply valve
Mains water supply tube
3/8” nipple (pump suction)
Nipple 3/8” (pump delivery)
Machine feeding tube
Water softener feeding tube
Water drainage tube
Pump
Pump pressure adjusting screw
Upper water softener valve
Lower water softener valve
Pump feeding tube
Water softener
Button valve
Button for valve
Steam valve
Main switch
Visual level indicator
Manual serving push button
Continuous serving push button
Selection button for single strong coffee
Selection button for single normal coffee
Selection button for single weak coffee
Selection button for double strong coffee
Selection button for double normal coffee
Selection button for double weak coffee
Continuous water serving button
Automatic water serving button
Automatic water serving button
Push button (beside display)
Boiler pressure gauge
Pump pressure gauge
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
91
92
A
B
C
D
E
Pressure switch
Pressure adjusting screw
Side
Display
Gas valve
Gas burner
Gas safety push button
Gas thermal probe
Automatic gas ignition button
Flame inspection hole
Air-gas mixture valve
Gas nozzle
Flame adjusting screw
Flame adjusting screw
Hot water serving valve
Electric cup-warmer button
Hot water serving tube
Automatic serving off switch
1st unit manual serving switch
2nd unit manual serving switch
Displacement meters indicator
Fuses
Electronic control unit
Safety thermostat
Boiler
Electric heating elements
Heat exchanger
Vacuum valve
Safety valve
Water temperature probe
Water level probe
Thermostat probe
Hot water serving solenoid
Coffee serving solenoid
Filter cup
Drops collecting tray
Infusing device
Push-button and display panel
Cooling tube
Lever for valve 23
Drain tube
Lever for valve 24
Drain tube
Water softener lid opening knob
ENGLISH
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
17a
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44a
44b
35
F O R T H E I N S TA L L E R
INSTALLATION OF MACHINE
The machine is delivered packed. After having removed the packing, make sure that the machine is complete and in good
condition. If in doubt, contact the qualified and authorized La San Marco S.p.A. personnel.
Dispose the packing material through the relative waste collecting centers, separating wood from styrofoam and nylon, as required
by the relative laws in the country where the machine is to be used. This material may be hazardous and must be kept out of reach
of children. The machine must be installed on a perfectly horizontal plane that is sufficiently sturdy to support the weight of the
machine; a sufficient clearance should be allowed around the machine to dissipate the heat generated during its operation.
ENGLISH
EQUIPMENT IN MACHINE KIT
The machine packing contains the equipment kit, which is made up of:
- filter cups with filter retaining ring;
- filters and spouts for single and double doses;
- blind filter;
- coffee press;
- rubber drain hose and steel coil;
- rubber feeding hoses made of food-friendly materials, with stainless-steel plaiting;
- 3/8” nipples for hose connection to mains water supply:
- brush for cleaning under the cups
The standard machine includes the pump motor, which is supplied in a separate packing. On request, the manual or automatic
water softener is provided as an optional.
Before connecting the water softener to the machine, the user is urged to wash the resins contained in the water softener as
follows:
1. Using the 900 mm stainless-steel plaited hose 19, connect the main valve 15 to the valve 23 feeding the water softener 26.
2. Connect the valve 24 of the water softener 26 to the clean water drain.
3. Open the valves 23 and 24 and let water run through the water softener for about 15 minutes.
The water softener is considered an essential item of equipment for the proper operation of the machine. If the user has not
provided any water softening system, he should provide one to guarantee the efficiency of the machine.
PREARRANGEMENT OF WATER SUPPLY
Water supply
Lead the water supply tube, with a minimum diameter of 3/8”, to the machine and install a check valve, preferably of ball type
of 3/8” diameter, which allows a fast opening and closing operation.
Drainage
Provide for an inspectable drainage pit on the floor, connected with the sink drainage line and suitable for receiving the
machine gravity drainage tube.
The drainage tube must be placed so as to have a free flow, without the possibility of clogging due to buildup of grounds
during the operation of the machine.
INSTALLATION OF WATER SYSTEM
a) Install the 3/8” nipple 13 on the main water supply valve 15.
b) Using the 900-mm-long stainless-steel plaited rubber hose 19, connect the main valve 15 to the valve 23 feeding the water
softener 26.
c) Using the 600-mm-long stainless-steel plaited rubber hose 25, connect the nipple 17 (pump suction 21) to the valve 24
feeding the water softener 26.
d) Using the 1200-mm-long stainless-steel plaited rubber hose 18, connect the nipple 17a (pump delivery 21) to the hose
holder 12 on the machine supply line.
Note: in the Practical and Sprint models, the rubber hose 18 (2500 mm long) connects the water softener valve 24 directly with
the pump suction 21 inside the machine. To install the water softener, follow also the instructions provided with the softener.
DRAINAGE
Join the drain tube 20 to the grounds collecting tray 8, and connect it to the water drainage system.
36
F O R T H E I N S TA L L E R
ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
a) During the installation, and before connecting the machine, make sure that the data on the rating tag correspond to the main
power supply. The tag is located on the working part of the machine.
The machine must be installed in compliance with applicable safety legislation and according to the instructions supplied by
the manufacturer or by authorized LA SAN MARCO personnel.
Before starting the electrical connection of the machine it is necessary to have qualified technicians check that the power
supply system is properly grounded. The efficiency of the grounding system is essential to ensure the safety of the machine.
If it is necessary to use adapters, multiple power plugs and/or extensions, only products in compliance with applicable safety
standards must be applied.
To avoid overheating of the power cable, uncoil it completely. If the power cable needs to be replaced or is damaged, switch
the machine off and contact an authorized LA SAN MARCO centre for its replacement. A cutoff switch, rated according to
the electrical characteristics of the machine (power and voltage) should be installed uphill of the power supply cable; this
cutoff switch should disconnect the power supply with a contact opening of at least 3 mm.
b) If the machine is provided with an external pump, carry out the connection with the relative cable.
c) Connect the power cable to the previously installed main switch as follows:
1 HEATING ELEMENT
110V/230V SINGLE PHASE
ONLY FOR
PRACTICAL
MODELS
BLUE
BROWN
YE/GR
BLUE
BROWN
YE/GR
2 HEATING ELEMENTS
230V SINGLE PHASE
BLACK
BLACK
BROWN
BLUE
YE/GR
BLUE
BLACK
BLACK
BROWN
YE/GR
3 HEATING ELEMENTS
400V-3N THREE PHASE
ONLY FOR
SPRINT
MODELS
BLUE
BLACK
BLACK
BROWN
YE/GR
BLUE
BLACK
BROWN
BLACK
YE/GR
3 HEATING ELEMENTS
230V-3 THREE PHASE
BLUE
BLACK
BLACK
BROWN
YE/GR
OTHER
MODELS
NOTES:
connection not
possible for
Mod. 95-26.
230V SINGLE PHASE *
BLUE
BLACK
BLACK
BROWN
YE/GR
*The power absorbed 230V-3 THREE PHASE
BLUE
by the heating
BLACK
elements can be
BLACK
reduced to 2/3 by
BROWN
eliminating one of the
two BLACK cables.
YE/GR
BLUE
BROWN
BLACK
BLACK
YE/GR
400V-3N THREE PHASE
BLUE
BLACK
BLACK
BROWN
YE/GR
3 HEATING ELEMENTS
BLUE
BLACK
BLACK
BROWN
YE/GR
3 HEATING ELEMENTS
BLUE
BLACK
BROWN
BLACK
YE/GR
37
ENGLISH
An improper installation can lead to personal or material damage for which the manufacturer cannot be held responsible.
I N S T R U C T I O N S F O R A U T H O R I Z E D I N S TA L L E R
Gas fired Boiler (optional)
Read the instructions before installing and using the appliance.
ENGLISH
ATTENTION
This appliance can only be installed and used in permanently ventilated places according to UNI-CIG 7129 and UNI-CIG
7131 Standards.
Connection to gas supply
Position the appliance as described in the Use and Maintenance Manual, remove the grounds collecting tray with the grille and
connect the appliance to the gas supply mains, or LPG bottle (G30/G31), using rigid metal pipes or flexible metal tubes
according to UNI-CIG 9891 Standards.
Check that the appliance is prearranged for the type of gas actually being used; the corresponding setting is shown on the
settings tag.
If the appliance is prearranged for a different type of gas, change the arrangement as described in the paragraph "Changing the
calibration".
The gas infeed, consisting of an on-off valve (51), includes a G 1/8" threaded connection (thread is not gas-tight) according to
ISO 228-1 Standard.
If using rigid metal pipes for connection to the gas supply, place an appropriate fitting between the valve and the rigid metal
pipe, which should be provided with a G 1/8" female thread (thread is not gas-tight) according to ISO 228-1 Standard.
If using flexible metal tubes for connection to the gas supply, interpose an appropriate G 1/2" female nipple (gas-tight thread)
according to ISO 7-1 Standard and a G 1/2" male nipple (thread is not gas-tight) according to ISO 228-1 Standard; interpose a
suitable gas-tight gasket.
When the connection is completed, open the gas flow upstream of the appliance and, using a soapy solution (never a free
flame), check the perfect tightness of the connection.
Venting the combustion fumes
In relation to the venting of the combustion fumes, the appliance is of Type A1: i.e., it draws in the air required for combustion
from the room and discharges the fumes in the same environment.
Place particular attention to the volume of the room where the appliance is to be installed: this should be at least 12 m3.
If the room has a smaller volume, it will be necessary to install the appliance directly under a suction hood, and also to provide
a combustion air intake with a free-flow cross section of al least 100 cm2.
Ignition
Press and turn the gas valve knob (51) counterclockwise to the position of the flame symbol, as shown in Fig. B. While holding
the knob pressed, push a few times the burner ignition button, marked with the star symbol (53) to ignite the burner
(piezoelectric ignition).
When the flame is lit, check through the relative spyholes (54), while keeping the gas knob pressed for 5-10 seconds. After this
period, if the flame does not remain lit, repeat the ignition operation again.
Changing the calibration
The appliance is prearranged to operate with the gas indicated in the relative settings tag attached to the appliance. The
information regarding the air setting, injector, rated and reduced heat flow are shown in Tables 1 and 2. The data that
correspond with each model are indicated by the next-to-last character of the code for the relative model. For example, the
model code shown on the tag for the gas part characteristic 95-21-3 gr. shows number 3 in the next-to-last digit.
In this case, refer to the data shown in Tables 1 and 2, respectively, in the column headed "3 Units".
If you wish to change the calibration of the appliance, proceed as follows:
Unscrew the primary air adjusting ring nut (55 - Fig. C) to expose the nozzle (56). Using the relative wrench, unscrew the
nozzle (56) and replace it with the proper one indicated in Table 2, checking that the diameter marked on the same nozzle
corresponds to the right diameter.
Screw on the new nozzle (56), and position the primary air adjusting ring nut (55 - Fig. C) according to the indications of Table
1, using a gauge or equivalent instrument to set the distance "L", and tighten the screw provided to fasten the nozzle.
Turn the main switch (30) to position 1, so as to connect a single heating element (50% of the boiler's electric power for singlephase heating element with 2 elements and 1/3 of power for heating elements with 3 elements with three-phase connection),
and ignite the burner as in the procedure described above. When the water contained in the boiler reaches the preset
temperature, the gas flow regulator will automatically decrease the flow to the value corresponding to the reduced rated heat
flow.
At this point, turn the flow regulation screw (58) so as to have a steady flame licking the sensitive thermocouple element (52),
and turn the screw (57) to obtain the maximum desired pressure value in the boiler.
38
I N S T R U C T I O N S F O R A U T H O R I Z E D I N S TA L L E R
50
59
Fig.A
Fig.B
OFF
ON
52
1° UNIT
2° UNIT
51
Fig.C
L
OM
FR
55
Y
PL
UP
SS
GA
58
56
55
57
53
Gas
LPG (G30/G31)
Nat. gas (G20)
2 UNITS
L = 8 mm
L = 4 mm
3 UNITS
4 UNITS
L = 10 mm L = 12 mm
L = 4 mm L = 4 mm
Qnr = Rated heat flow
Qnr = Reduced rated heat flow
Table 2 – Nozzle diameters in 100/mm
Gas
LPG (G30/G31)
Nat. gas (G20)
Qn (kW)
Qnr (kW)
2 UNITS
40
60 X
0.75
N.A.
3 UNITS
55
81 X
1.45
1.0
4 UNITS
65
90 X
1.9
1.3
ENGLISH
Table 1 – Adjusting the primary air
After having verified the proper operation, replace the settings tag on the appliance with the one for the new type of gas that is
provided with the standard kit containing the newly installed gas nozzle.
Safety devices on appliance (manually reset)
The appliance is provided with two safety devices that shut off the gas flow if the flame accidentally goes out.
1 - Thermocouple (52):
The thermocouple operates on the valve (51), whose probe (52) must be licked by the flame from the burner (50). If the probe
is not enveloped by the flame, the gas flow will be automatically shut off.
2 - Thermostat (59):
The thermostat, placed in contact with the boiler, operates on the valve (51); when the thermostat sensor on the boiler reads
140°C, the gas flow will be automatically shut off.
The burner can be re-ignited with the procedure described above only after the boiler body has cooled to 110°C. Following the
activation of one of the two safety devices, try re-igniting the burner with the procedure already described.
ATTENTION
If the malfunction persists, and the burner consequently continues to go off, contact the nearest authorized Service outlet,
which will provide to eliminate the cause of the malfunction.
39
F O R T H E I N S TA L L E R
Before starting the machine, check the condition and perfect efficiency of the safety devices.
Before starting to use the machine, it is necessary to become familiar with the machine controls, particularly with the push
buttons and the emergency procedures, following the instructions of this manual.
Do not subject the machine to any uses in excess of its intended uses.
CHARGING THE BOILER
ENGLISH
Checking position of water system valves
a) Remove the grounds collecting plate and the relative grill 1 and check:
- Boiler drainage valve 4 closed
- Automatic level valve 2 open
- Automatic level valve 3 open
- Displacement meters valves 6 open
b) Reposition the grounds collecting plate and its grill.
c) Open the main water supply valve 15.
d) Open a steam valve 29 to allow the air to leave the boiler during the boiler filling phase.
Only for PRACTICAL and SPRINT models
e) Turn the main switch 30 to position 1 to allow the automatic filling of the boiler with the heating elements switched off.
When the water reaches the probe, the “MAX” led lights up.
f) When the water boiler is filled up, turn the main switch from position 1 to working position 2.
Other models
g) Check that the main switch 30 is in “zero” position.
h) Keep the lever 28 pressed until the water reaches 3/4 of the visual level gauge 31.
Adjusting the water level
This adjustment is carried out in the factory. If required, the adjustment is carried out by positioning the probe as shown in the
following figures:
Version with probe
on boiler lid
+
–
Version with probe on
upper part of boiler
–
+
CALIBRATION OF PUMP PRESSURE
a) Once the boiler is filled, turn the main switch to position 2 (the heating elements start to heat the water).
b) Press the continuous-feeding push button 32 for the manual serving machines or the push button 33 for the electronic
machines with automatic serving, so that the water flows out of the unit corresponding to the pressed button.
c) Read the water pressure value on the lower part of the pressure gauge 44. The optimum pressure is 9 bar.
The pressure is adjusted to the desired value by operating on the pump screw 22: the pressure is increased by turning
clockwise; it is decreased by turning counterclockwise. As shown in the following figure, there are three different cases for
adjusting this screw, depending on the pump installed on the machine:
- adjust only the screw
- adjust the screw and lock it with the lock nut
- unscrew the cap nut and adjust the screw.
CALIBRATION OF WATER PRESSURE IN THE BOILER
a) After having filled the boiler to the proper level, turn the main switch to
position 2 (the heating elements will start to heat the water).
b) Open the lever-controlled steam valve 29 to vent the air during the heating
phase. Close the valve as soon as the steam phase is reached. The steam
pressure in the boiler can be read on the upper scale of the pressure gauge
44 from 0 to 3 bar. The pressure rises to the calibration value of the pressure switch 45 in the range from 0.9 to 1.1 bar. To
vary the steam pressure, turn the screw 46 on the pressure switch 45. The pressure is decreased by turning the screw
clockwise and it is increased by turning the screw counterclockwise. The screw is adjusted by means of a screwdriver
inserted into the hole on the lid of the pressure switch. The pressure switch can be reached from the upper tray and grill.
Note: for the Mod. 95-26 and 95-36 machines, the boiler temperature is adjusted electronically and it is shown on the display
48. To calibrate the temperature and pressure, see the paragraph “Programming”.
40
FOR THE USER
MACHINE OPERATING
INSTRUCTIONS
Before starting the machine, check the condition and perfect efficiency of the safety devices.
Before starting to use the machine, it is necessary to become familiar with the machine controls, particularly with the push
buttons and the emergency procedures, following the instructions of this manual.
Do not use the machine in any ways other than as recommended in this manual.
a) After having filled the boiler to the required level, according to the installation instructions (see page 39), turn the main
switch 30 to position 2 (the heating elements will start to heat the water).
b) Open a lever-operated steam valve 29 so that air flows out during heating.
Close the valve as soon as the fluid reaches the steam phase. The upper scale of the pressure gauge 44 shows the steam
pressure in the boiler. The steam pressure rises to the value calibrated on the pressure switch.
STEAM COLLECTION
Operate the lever 29 to obtain a jet of steam for heating liquids or foaming the milk on cappuccinos. The maximum flow is
achieved by lowering or lifting the valve control lever; shift the lever sideways for an adjustable flow.
DRAWING WARM WATER ON ALL PRACTICAL, SPRINT AND SEMIAUTOMATIC MODELS
The lever 59 is operated to obtain a jet of warm water for making camomile, tea, etc. The operation is similar to that for steam.
COFFEE SERVING ON ALL SEMIAUTOMATIC MODELS
Make sure that the filter on the cup is of the proper capacity. The coffee measured out and pressed into the filter should graze
the sprinkler on the unit. To check this, insert the filter holding cup into the unit and remove it: if the coffee is at the proper
level, the impression of the sprinkler fastening central screw should remain on it.
Once the filter cup is applied on the unit, press the serving start switch 32. When the desired serving amount is reached, the
flow is stopped by returning the switch to the previous position.
1st UNIT
2nd UNIT
41
ENGLISH
HEATING THE WATER IN THE BOILER
FOR THE USER
DRAWING HOT WATER ON ALL AUTOMATIC MODELS
Hot water can be drawn through the push button strip shown in the following figure, in which it is possible to have manual
servings by pressing the button 40 (for a maximum of 1.5 liters; the flow can be stopped by pressing the same button again), or
automatic servings by pressing buttons 41 and 42, from which two different quantities can be obtained, depending on
programming. The programmed flow can be stopped by pressing button 40.
ENGLISH
SERVING COFFEE ON ALL AUTOMATIC MODELS
Make sure that the filter on the cup is of the proper capacity. The coffee measured out and pressed into the filter should graze
the sprinkler on the unit. To check this, insert the filter holding cup into the unit and remove it: if the coffee is at the proper
level, the impression of the sprinkler fastening central screw should remain on it.
Each unit has a push button strip with seven buttons. The first button at the top center 33 is used for manual servings (for a
maximum consecutive quantity of 0.5 liters) or to stop any automatic serving. The three vertical buttons on the left 34, 35, 36
are used to select three programmed single servings (1st button strong coffee, 2nd button normal coffee, 3rd button weak
coffee).
The three vertical buttons on the right 37, 38, 39 are used to select three programmed double servings (1st button two strong
coffees, 2nd button two normal coffees, 3rd button two weak coffees). The led 65 indicates the proper operation of the
machine: normally it should be lit and it should flash when coffee is being served.
Note: to start a serving, it is sufficient to press the relative button lightly.
Emergency operation for 95-22 models
This mode is possible only for the first two units, if the electronic control unit fails to work.
On the left side, above the main switch are located three green switches.
Pressing the button 62 lights up its signal lamp and disconnects the electronic control unit. Pressing the button 63 activates the
first serving unit. Pressing the button 64 activates the second serving unit.
The operation is of the ON/OFF type: when the desired quantity is reached, the outflow stops and the switch returns to the
previous position.
In this state, the water level in the boiler is adjusted manually through the relative valve 27 controlled from outside by means
of the lever 28.
Note: it is not possible to draw hot water in the emergency mode.
1st UNIT
42
2nd UNIT
FOR THE USER
ADDITIONAL NOTES FOR
95-26 AND 95-36 MODELS
Programming on panel 91
Check that the water in the tank is held at a regular level and turn the main switch 30 to position 2.
In programming, the buttons on panel 91 have the following meanings:
“THE” (set) PUSH BUTTON: ENTER PROGRAMMING AND ADVANCE TO THE VARIOUS STEPS
BUTTON “1”(-) : DECREASE
BUTTON “2”(+) : INCREASE
BUTTON “E”(end) : EXIT FROM PROGRAMMING
More specifically, programming is entered by pressing the “THE” (set) button. The first impulse gives access to function 0 (the
function number is shown, flashing red, on the display). The HOURS and MINUTES of the clock are set through function 0,
using either the “1”(-) or “2”(+) buttons. Pressing the “THE” (set) button again accesses function 1, which allows the setting of
the days of the week through buttons “1”(-) and “2”(+).
In this manner it is possible to program all the available functions, which are summarized in the following table:
indications on display 91
function
limits
meaning
HH - MM
0
0,00 - 23.59
DAY OF WEEK
1
1 - 7
DAY OF WEEK
DATE SETUP
2
1 - 31
DATE (DAY OF MONTH)
MONTH SETUP
3
1 - 12
MONTH
YEAR SETUP
4
00 - 99
CLOSE DAY
5
0 - 99
AM OPEN TIME
6
0.00 - 23.50
OPENING TIME I (AM)
AM CLOSE TIME
7
0.00 - 23.50
CLOSING TIME I (AM)
AM OPEN DAY
8
1 - 7 NO-YES
DAYS OPEN I (AM)
PM OPEN TIME
9
0.00 - 23.50
OPENING TIME II (PM)
PM CLOSE TIME
A
0.00 - 23.50
CLOSING TIME II (PM)
PM OPEN DAY
B
1 - 7 NO-YES
DAYS OPEN II (PM)
RIGEN SETUP
C
1 - 250
HOURS AND MINUTES ON CLOCK
YEAR
HOLIDAYS (0 = OFF)
(CYCLES x 100) FOR REGENERATION
Functions 8 and B are programmed using key “2” to change the day from 1 to 7 and key “1” to switch NO/YES
(NO = CLOSURE - YES = OPENING).
To leave the programming mode, at any moment, it is sufficient to press the “E” button.
Normal operation
During the automatic operation, the machine is controlled by an electronic control unit and it is active when the led of button
“E” is off (see panel 91). In this condition, by pressing button “1” I/O (ON/OFF) for 5 seconds, it is possible to have the
manual START and STOP of the machine, excluding the automatic ON and OFF control.
THE FOLLOWING OPERATING MODES ARE POSSIBLE
ON
The machine is active and working when the display on the panel 91 shows the time of day and the day of the week.
43
ENGLISH
These models are provided with a panel with a button strip and a lighted display installed on the lower part of the working area
(91, in the figure on page 45). The services that can be obtained from this panel are:
- PROGRAMMING: CLOCK, ON, OFF, HOLIDAYS, REGENERATION OF WATER SOFTENER
- MACHINE STARTING AND STOPPING: MANUAL OR AUTOMATIC (if programmed)
- DISPLAY OF COUNTS FOR COFFEE, TEA, WATER SOFTENER, etc.
- EMERGENCY OPERATION
In addition, the button strip used for hot water serving has a second display incorporated 48 in it, which is used to show the
temperature and pressure of the water in the boiler.
The serving of steam and hot water, as well as the coffee servings, are made as already described on page 41.
FOR THE USER
MACHINE START AND STOP CONTROL FROM CLOCK
When the display on the panel 91 shows “AUTO”, it means that it is in the condition of “MACHINE OFF AS
PROGRAMMED”. If the display shows the “time of day and day of the week”, it means that it is in the condition of
“MACHINE ON AS PROGRAMMED”.
To program the machine starts and stops with the weekly cycle it is necessary to access functions 8 and B. Operating with
buttons “1” and “2”, enter “YES” on the open days and “NO” on the closed days, both AM and PM.
ENGLISH
HOLIDAY PERIODS
To program the holiday periods, it is necessary to access function 5. Using buttons “1” (-) and “2” (+), enter the number of
days closed for holidays.
The “closed for holidays” period will start with the shutting off of the machine and the display on the panel 91 will show
“CLOSE”. The machine will remain off for the programmed number of days and will start again after the last day.
REGENERATION OF WATER SOFTENER (RIGEN SETUP)
During normal operation, the display shows a progress bar made up of a row of green leds that progressively light up and
indicate the proper time for regenerating the water softener, based on the programmed number of cycles. When the
programmed limit is passed, the red leds will flash, without however shutting down the machine. To reset the count, just press
button “E” (the number of cycles programmed is at the discretion of the user).
DISPLAY OF NUMBERS COUNTED
During normal operation, it is possible to display the number of coffees, teas, etc., served and also the number of cycles of the
water softener. The tallies are accessed by pressing button “2”: the number of cycles for regenerating the water softener will be
displayed (see following table). To activate the other functions in sequence, press the “THE” button. To leave the tally display,
press the “E” button.
N°
indications on display 91
meaning
1
CALC.
CYCLE
NNNNNN
N° CYCLES PER REGENERATION
2
TOTAL
CYCLE
NNNNNN
TOTAL CYCLES (NOT RESETTABLE)
3
DOSE 1
CYCLE
NNNNNN
N° COFFEES SERVED DOSE 1 (RESETTABLE)
4
DOSE 2
CYCLE
NNNNNN
N° COFFEES SERVED DOSE 2 (RESETTABLE)
5
DOSE 3
CYCLE
NNNNNN
N° COFFEES SERVED DOSE 3 (RESETTABLE)
6
DOSE 4
CYCLE
NNNNNN
N° COFFEES SERVED DOSE 4 (RESETTABLE)
7
DOSE 5
CYCLE
NNNNNN
N° COFFEES SERVED DOSE 5 (RESETTABLE)
8
DOSE 6
CYCLE
NNNNNN
N° COFFEES SERVED DOSE 6 (RESETTABLE)
9
DOSE MA CYCLE
NNNNNN
N° MANUAL SERVING CYCLES (RESETTABLE)
10
THE MA
CYCLE
NNNNNN
N° MANUAL TEA CYCLES (RESETTABLE)
11
THE 1
CYCLE
NNNNNN
N° TEA 1 CYCLES (RESETTABLE)
12
THE 2
CYCLE
NNNNNN
N° TEA 2 CYCLES (RESETTABLE)
13
CALC.
DAY
GG.MM.AA. DATE OF PREVIOUS REGENERATION RESETTING
(day, month, year on clock) enables resetting of regeneration
14
RESET
DAY
GG.MM.AA. DATE OF PREVIOUS RESETTING OF ALL DOSES
(day, month, year on clock) enables resetting of all counters
15
SETUP
DAY
GG.MM.AA. DATE MACHINE WAS PUT INTO SERVICE
(day, month, year on internal clock)
16
MACHINE NUMBER
NNNNNN
MACHINE SERIAL NUMBER
To reset numbers 13 and 14 and to set date at number 15 it is necessary to press button “1” (which causes the digit on the
right to flash) and press the “THE” button.
Similarly, for number 16 button “1” causes the flashing of the digit to be changed and button “2” changes it.
44
FOR THE USER
1st UNIT
2nd UNIT
ENGLISH
LEDS
DISPLAY OF BOILER WATER TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE ON DISPLAY 48
This display normally shows the temperature of the water in the boiler in °C. To check the corresponding pressure, just press
the button 43 beside the display (for not more than 5 seconds). The pressure value should correspond with the pressure shown
on the pressure gauge 44. If there are differences, contact the service center.
DISPLAY OF NUMBER OF COFFEES SERVED ON DISPLAY 48
This display also makes it possible to know the number of coffees served. The display shows the total number of impulses per
type of coffee (manual, single strong, normal, weak coffees; double strong, normal, weak coffees).
To access other data on the display, proceed as follows: press button 43 for about 8 seconds, until the value of the boiler
programmed temperature appears flashing, then release the button. Give one impulse again on button 43; the display will show
three dashes (---). If the buttons of the first unit are pressed, the total number of impulses through the push buttons of all the
units will be shown.
E.g.: If the “single strong coffee” button is pressed, the display will show the total number of coffees served by all the units.
If button 43 is pressed again, the display will show the code “CA”; this code indicates the access to count resetting. To delete
the counted values, press button 40. After this operation all the counting is reset and returns to the temperature value.
Emergency operation (provided in case of failure of electronic control unit)
To set the emergency operation, press button “E” on panel 91.
This will light up the red led on the button itself.
Now, if button “1” is pressed, the first serving unit is activated.
If button “2” is pressed, the second serving unit is activated.
If the “THE” button is pressed, the hot water solenoid is activated.
The three buttons (“1”, “2”, “THE”) work with the typical ON/OFF mode.
Pressing the button the first time activates serving; if it is pressed again, serving stops.
In this state, the pressure adjustment in the boiler is regulated by the mechanical pressure switch, while the level of the water in
the boiler is adjusted manually through the relative manually controlled valve 28.
When water is added to the boiler through this valve 28, always check the level on the visual level indicator 31, which must not
rise above 3/4 of maximum level and must not drop below the minimum level.
The display shows the time (hour-minute) and day of the week.
45
FOR THE USER
ADDITIONAL NOTES
FOR 95-23 AND 95-33 MODELS
These models are prearranged for connection with external electronic units (e.g., personal computer) used for controlling the
work performed by the machine.
The systems adopted are outlined below, while the general operation of the machine is as described for the automatic models.
WALLA
SYSTEM
ENGLISH
HARTEK
SYSTEM
WAITER’S
KEY
(9 copies provided)
MEMOBOX 2
HARTEK
INTERFACE
PC
PRINTER
BOX
The system must
remain connected
to the machine.
RS-232
SYSTEM
WALLA
INTERFACE
PC
PRINTER
BOX
The system must
remain connected
to the machine.
RS-232
INTERFACE
PC
PRINTER
The system is connected to the
machine only in the programming, data loading and count
reading phase.
MEMOBOX 2
SYSTEM
WAITER’S
KEY
(9 copies provided)
MEMOBOX 2
It is connected to the
machine only in the count
programming and display
phase. The display for each
waiter requires the presence of the relative key,
otherwise only the totals
are accessible.
ELECTR. KEY FOR
RESETTING COUNTS
(RESET BY OWNER)
Resets only the counts
relative to the waiter’s key
that is inserted.
OPTIONAL:
CONTROL BOX
FOR GRINDERMETERING
UNIT MOD. SM90 C WITH
ENABLE KEY
The counts for coffee or tea servings are also shown on the computer; in the HARTEK, WALLA and RS-232 models they can
also be printed.
The counts are shown in totals per type of serving; e.g., strong, normal and weak coffee and manual.
Decaffeinated coffees are served only in single strong, normal and weak portions; teas are served in normal, weak or manual
servings (the servings with double cup are counted as two; manual servings are counted as one). The total number of cycles
served is also available (total coffee and tea).
The RS-232 and MEMOBOX 2 systems can control the work performed by a number of persons; in other words, by means of
the WAITER’S KEYS it is possible to memorize and display the number of coffees and teas served by each waiter.
With MEMOBOX 2, if the Exclude Grinder function is switched ON (“1” on the display), the serving of coffee and the
quantity will be determined by the impulses from the grinder-metering unit.
When the grinder-metering unit sends an impulse to the electronic control unit, it enables the serving of a single coffee; when it
sends two impulses it enables the serving of two coffees. If no coffee is drawn from the grinder-metering unit and the “Manual
Serving” button is pressed, the relative led lights up. This function makes it possible to use the decaffeinated coffee and to have
the relative separate counting.
46
FOR THE USER
MEMOBOX 2 OPERATION (display - programming unit)
Explanation of buttons
P (1) - Advances data reading
(2) - Increments selected digit
† (3) - Decrements selected digit
S (4) - Selects digit to modify
R (5) - Memorizes selected data / Reset / Pass
Display of data
When MEMOBOX 2 is connected to the machine through the
serial connector, the display shows the sequence:
LaSan / Marco / Memo / Test- / Good- / Ready
Display
Dose 1
Dose 2
Dose 3
Dose 4
Dose 5
Dose 6
Dose M
The - M
The - 1
The - 2
Dec - 1
Dec - 2
Dec - 3
Free 1
Free 2
Free 3
Cycle
Cycle
Cycle
Cycle
Cycle
Cycle
Cycle
Cycle
Cycle
Cycle
Cycle
Cycle
Cycle
Cycle
Cycle
Cycle
NNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNN
N = Number
Setup Number (Machine serial number)
Total Cycles
Prog- -Set- (Setup Functions)
Setup Day (Date of installation)
Reset Day (Date of last reset)
Calc. Day (Date of regeneration)
Calc. Cycle (Regeneration cycles)
ENGLISH
The following sequence of data can be
displayed by pressing the P(1) button:
Button strip
NNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNN
Programming Code
To vary or program any data, the user must enter the access code 2322.
Setting the values
Press the P(1) button to select the data to modify.
Enter the programming code.
Press the S(4) button and the first digit on the right starts to flash.
Press the
(2) and † (3) buttons to set the desired digit.
Press the S(4) button to pass to the next digit.
When the setting is completed, press the R(5) button to confirm and store the data.
Resetting the cycles
To reset all the cycles of the different types of serving, enter the programming code and show 0 0 0 0 0 for the cycles of
serving 1. Press the R(5) button to start the Cycle Reset operation.
MEMOBOX 2 will display the message RESET DAY, after which the reset date can be entered.
Setting the functions
At the Prog- -Set index (Setting of Functions), it is possible to set three types of operation of the electronic control unit, each
independent of the others: GRINDER LOCK, WALLA COMPUTER, SERVING PROGRAMMING, by keying-in 1/0 in the
following positions:
GRINDER-METERING UNIT with lock on (0 off)
WALLA COMPUTER on (0 off)
SERVING PROGRAMMING enabled (0 off)
Display
47
FOR THE USER
OPERATION WITH WAITERS CONTROL IN THE RS 232 AND MEMOBOX 2 SYSTEMS
The electronic control unit is supplied with seven WAITER’S keys and one OWNER RESET key that enable the operation of
the espresso machine, the cycle counts and resetting.
Display of number of cycles on machine display
With this type of control it is possible to count the cycles for each waiter or key.
The cycle counting is shown on the THE keyboard display.
INDICATION ON DISPLAY
MEANING
Waiter’s key not inserted.
Machine not enabled to serve coffee and hot water.
ENGLISH
Waiter’s key inserted (key No. 2).
Machine enabled to serve coffee and hot water and to count the cycles.
This is displayed when the button on the right of the keyboard is pressed.
The cycle display procedure starts.
When the right button is held pressed, the display shows three short dashes; the machine
is enabled to calculate the number of cycles.
To know the number of cycles for each dose, just press the dose desired on the first unit.
Each button is equivalent to the total count of coffees made with the relative dose, by all
the units.
If the cycles completed are more than 999, the count will be shown in two sequences: first an H with two digits and then the
three final digits.
EXAMPLE: if we want to use 1200 cycles.
This display appears first when we press the selected button.
This means that with this serving we have gone past 1000 cycles.
This display appears next, if the above-mentioned button is held pressed.
This completes the number of the previous sequence.
Resetting the cycle number on the machine display
The cycle number can be deleted only by using the OWNER’S RESET key.
Operations to carry out to reset the counters:
Press the button on the right of the display again.
The CA2 (or Cancel 2) flashing message will appear.
Insert the OWNER’S RESET key into relative serial connector.
Press the THE button, which resets the cycles of all the servings corresponding to the
inserted waiter’s key.
The flashing message becomes steady; now the data relative to the number of cycles
made by waiter No. 2 have been erased.
Carry out the same operations for each waiter’s key, if all the cycles performed by the machine are to be erased.
48
FOR THE USER
ADDITIONAL NOTES
FOR 95-31, 95-32, 95-33 AND 95-36 MODELS
ENGLISH
The new cooling system installed on the 95-32, 95-33, 95-36 automatic models and on the 95-31 semiautomatic model has
been introduced to guarantee the thermal stability of the water used for the coffees served, both during the periods of maximum
use of the machine and during extended pauses.
This has been made possible by providing a compensation chamber inside the dispensing unit where the cold water, coming
directly from the main supply or from the volume meter (the difference between the semiautomatic and automatic models),
passes through a thermal exchange tube, located inside the compensation chamber, drawing heat from the warm water coming
from the heat exchanger, which is positioned, as usual, inside the boiler.
Therefore, the temperature of the water flowing from the sprinkler will be lower and more stable.
The temperature of the percolation water can be adjusted by varying the boiler pressure and therefore the temperature of the
water in the heat exchanger that is used for brewing the coffee.
OPTIONS
ELECTRIC CUP WARMER
The on-off button 60 is used to increase the temperature of the cup shelf; it can be switched on and off at will.
60
1° UNIT
2° UNIT
WATER SOFTENER
The water conditioner is an essential item for the proper operation of the coffee machine. Connect it to the machine according
to the instructions of the WATER SUPPLY DIAGRAM shown on page 34. For the regeneration of the softener, follow
closely the instructions of the softener manual.
49
FOR THE USER
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
BOILER WATER DRAIN
If it becomes necessary to empty the boiler, cut off power to the machine by turning the main switch 30 to position “zero” or,
in the case of gas-heated machines, put off the flame by closing the gas supply valve 49. Remove the grounds collecting tray
and its grill and open the boiler water drain valve 4 (see water supply diagram on page 34).
Open a steam valve 29 to help the drainage of the water until the completion of the operation.
BOILER WATER CHARGING
ENGLISH
Check that the drain valve 4 is closed and reposition the grounds collecting tray and its grill.
Open the main water supply valve 15.
Open a steam valve 29 to vent the air in the boiler filling phase.
Only for PRACTICAL and SPRING models: turn the main switch 30 to position 1 to carry out the automatic filling of the
boiler with the heating elements off. When filling is completed, the “MAX” led will light up.
Other models: make sure that the main switch is turned to “zero”.
Press the button 28 and hold it pressed until the water rises to 3/4 of the visual level indicator 31.
CLEANING THE UNITS
For optimum machine efficiency, it is important that the user carry out the following operations at the end of every day.
Prearrange on the cup the blind filter (filter without holes) provided with the machine.
Connect the cup with the blind filter to the unit to be cleaned, without locking it.
Press the continuous flow button and allow the water to flow out of the filter cup for about one minute; this will clean the
sprinkler and the feeding pipe.
Lock the filter cup to stop the water from overflowing from the blind filter.
Activate the continuous feeding for about 5 seconds and then stop it; repeat this operation for 5 or 6 times; this will clean the
drainage channel and the solenoid.
With feeding stopped, return the perfectly clean normal filter into the cup.
Note: for a more efficient cleaning, a small quantity of special commercially available food-friendly detergents can be added to
the blind filter.
CLEANING THE FILTER CUP
The filter cup does not require any particular cleaning, but it is important to clean it at the start of long idle periods. To do this,
it is sufficient to remove any residual coffee grounds from the cup, insert it into the unit, without coffee, and then open the
water for about one minute. To clean the inside of the cup and the spout, remove the filter by prying it out with a screwdriver
or other similar tool. To remove any hard dirt, use a small brush with hot water (avoid using detergents).
CLEANING THE GRILLS AND TRAYS
The cup support grills (upper and lower) must always be kept clean. During normal daily use it is sufficient to use a moist
sponge cloth. At the end of the working day, remove the lower grill with the relative tray to properly clean all the surfaces,
including the corners, using a brush with hot water and detergent.
ATTENTION
Never direct any jets of water, steam or other directly against the machine.
Before starting the machine cleaning or maintenance operations, UNPLUG THE POWER CABLE, IF POSSIBLE, OR
DISCONNECT THE OMNIPOLAR SWITCH UPSTREAM OF THE MACHINE. In cleaning the machine, avoid using
products such as alcohol, petrol or solvents in general; use water and neutral detergents.
IDLE PERIODS
When the machine is expected to remain idle for more or less lengthy periods (overnight, weekly closure days, or holidays), it
will be necessary to deactivate it as follows in order to guarantee its efficiency and proper operation when it is restarted:
- unplug the power cable;
- empty the boiler and completely drain the connected tubes;
- wash the machine properly with water and neutral detergents and dry it;
- inspect the machine thoroughly and change any worn or damaged parts;
- cover the machine.
Failure to comply with these basic safety norms releases the manufacturer from any liability for resulting personal or
material damage.
50
FOR THE USER
EMERGENCY SITUATIONS
ENGLISH
A careful operator in good psychophysical condition is the best guarantee of safety.
The operator must keep a safe distance from water or steam outlets, since, in normal conditions of operation, they are scalding
hot.
In case of fire, powder extinguishers should be used.
Do not direct jets of water against the machine, as they could cause short circuits.
If the machine is subjected to flames for a long period, the tanks and pressure tubes could explode; therefore, use great care to
avoid being hit by the hot fluid contained in them.
In case of failure or malfunction of the machine, shut the machine down and do not attempt any repairs.
Any repairs on the machine must be carried out by the manufacturer or by an authorized LA SAN MARCO service center.
For your safety, always ask for original LA SAN MARCO spare parts.
The use of any other than original spare parts voids the guarantee and the conformity certifications that come with the machine.
ALARM SIGNALS
CONTROL OF DISPLACEMENT METERS FOR ALL AUTOMATIC MODELS
The green led 65 is used to check the proper operation of the DISPLACEMENT METER. This led should always be lit, and in
the coffee serving phase it should flash with a frequency proportional to the number of turns of the disk wheel connected with
said meter. If the led does not flash when the unit is operated, it means that the disk wheel is jammed or that the coffee is
ground too fine, with the consequent water flow smaller than the required range of operation of the disk wheel (about 50
cm3/min). If the disk wheel remains jammed for more than two minutes, the unit stops and an alarm is displayed through the
flashing of the led of the first button at upper left 34, for strong coffee.
FAILURE OF RESUMPTION OF NORMAL BOILER LEVEL FOR ALL AUTOMATIC MODELS
This alarm is displayed by the flashing of the led corresponding to the button at upper right 37, for double strong coffee (of all
the units); it appears two minutes after the failure to automatically top up the boiler to the proper level, and it shuts down the
pump.
When the machine is switched off and restarted, the alarm is reset and the pump resumes its function.
The alarm will reappear after two minutes if the causes of the failure to add water into the boiler have not been corrected (in
Mod. 95-26, this alarm disables the electric heating elements in the boiler.)
FAILURE TO RESUME NORMAL BOILER LEVEL ON PRACTICAL AND SPRINT MODELS
The water level in the boiler is controlled through the two leds marked MAX (green) and MIN (red).
When the water touches the probe, the green led is lit.
When the water no longer touches the probe, and the automatic topping-up starts, the green led flashes.
If the level is not topped-up within about 20 seconds, the green led goes off and the red led starts flashing.
If after about two minutes the proper level has not been restored, the red led stops flashing and becomes a steady light and the
pump is shut down.
MANUALLY RESET SAFETY THERMOSTAT
No alarm signal is provided for this problem, which has the consequence of cooling the water in the boiler, caused by the
thermostat, which cuts off power to the electric heating elements when the probe located between these elements indicates an
excessive temperature. The thermostat is reset by means of the button 75 located on the electronic unit support door. This operation must be carried out by the service center, which must first correct the cause of the shutdown.
Note: the pump shutdown is generally caused by the abnormal lowering of the water in the boiler.
ATTENTION
Whenever there is a problem that shuts the machine cut off the power supply and contact the service center.
51
FOR THE PROGRAMMER
PROGRAMMING THE DOSES FOR ESPRESSO
COFFEE AND FOR HOT WATER
ONLY FOR AUTOMATIC MODELS
Entering the programming mode
Turn the main switch 30 to position “zero” (machine switched off).
Holding the key 33 of the first unit pressed, turn the main switch 30 to position 2 (machine switched on). After a few seconds,
release the button 33. At this point, the led corresponding to the button just released will flash and the corresponding leds for
the other units will also flash at the same time. In these conditions, the machine is in the programming phase.
ENGLISH
Programming
Program the six doses of the first unit as follows:
Collect from the grinder-metering unit the quantity of coffee corresponding to the dose for the single coffee.
Insert the filter cup on the first unit and position the cup under the cup spout.
Press the first button at upper left 34 corresponding to the strong coffee.
Stop the flow when the desired quantity is reached by pushing the manual button 33.
Proceed in the same manner for calibrating the normal and weak coffees corresponding to the two underlying buttons 35 and 36.
To calibrate the three double doses, corresponding to the three buttons on the left side of the button strip 37, 38 and 39, proceed
as above, using the cup with spout and filter support for the double dose.
After having calibrated the six doses of the 1st unit, to program the other units it is sufficient to press the relative manual
button 33. After the impulse, the corresponding led will switch from flashing light to steady light. With this simple operation,
what was programmed on the first unit is transferred to the other units.
When the operation of copying the 2nd, 3rd and 4th unit is completed, only the led of the manual button 33 of the 1st unit will
flash while the corresponding ones of the other units will be with a steady light.
Note: it is also possible to program the units after the first unit with different doses by repeating the same operations already
carried out on the first unit.
The programming of the hot water amounts can now be programmed as follows:
Position a teapot for a single dose under the hot water tap 61 and press the button marked with the small teapot 41.
When the water reaches the desired amount, press the manual serving button 40 to stop the flow.
Proceed in the same manner for the second dose.
Leaving the programming mode
After having programmed the six doses of coffee for each unit and the two doses of hot water, press the manual button with the
flashing led 33 of the first unit.
After this impulse, all the leds of the manual buttons of all the units will go off and the machine is ready for operation.
1st UNIT
52
2nd UNIT
FOR THE PROGRAMMER
PROGRAMMING THE BOILER WORKING
TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE
These models are provided with a TRIAC electronic device which allows the adjustment of the boiler water temperature and
pressure.
To access this program, hold the button 43 (on the side of the display) pressed for about 8 seconds, until the temperature,
shown on the display 48, becomes a flashing light, indicating the memorized set-point value. This means that we have entered
the programming mode. To set the temperature at the desired value, proceed as follows:
Through pulses on the button 41, marked with the small teapot, increment the temperature up to a maximum value of 128°C
(1.6 bar).
Through pulses on the button 42, marked with the large teapot, decrement the temperature down to a minimum value of 110°C
(0.5 bar).
If the maximum or minimum value is exceeded in the programming phase, there is an automatic return to 120°C (1 bar).
After having set the desired value, leave the programming mode with three pulses on the button 43: three dashes (---) will
appear with the first pulse; the CA code will appear with the second pulse; and the real value of the temperature in the boiler
will appear with the third pulse, and the machine will automatically adjust to the new programmed value.
To check the pressure corresponding to the temperature shown, press button 43 (not more than 5 seconds). With the button
pressed, the pressure corresponding to the temperature will appear. This pressure should be the same as the pressure shown on
the pressure gauge 44. If the two pressures are different, proceed as follows:
a) Open the electronic control unit box.
b) Hold the button 43 pressed (beside the display).
c) Using a small wedge-head screwdriver, turn the trimmer (potentiometer) to match the value shown on the display 48 with
the value on the pressure gauge 44, shown on the upper scale (turning the trimmer clockwise increments the temperature
value; turning it counterclockwise decrements the temperature).
Note: this operation must be performed within 5 seconds after pressing the button 43; if more time is necessary, stop and press
the button 43 again at the end of the 5 seconds.
BUTTON 43
(beside the display)
TRIMMER
ADJUSTMENT
53
ENGLISH
ONLY FOR AUTOMATIC 95-26 AND 95-36 MODELS
FOR THE USER
MAIN DEFECTS CAUSED BY THE INCORRECT USE
OF THE EQUIPMENT
PROBLEM
CAUSE
1 The boiler fills with water, • Leak in one of the boiler filler
with venting from the pipes or in one of the unit circuits
safety valve
2 Operation of the safety • Increase in boiler pressure to 2valve with venting of steam
2.5 bar due to incorrect operation
of the heating system because the
element is constantly energised
ENGLISH
3 The machine does not heat
SOLUTION
• Check the automatic level circuit
• Check the manual fill button
• Check for leaks from the heat exchanger
• Check the pressure switch in the electrical contacts in the
mechanical part and in the tube which links it to the steam
pressure in the boiler
• For machines with electronic temperature control, check all
the system components, such as sensor, triac, control unit,
connecting wires and reset the trimmer if necessary
• The element is not being supplied • Check that the mains power is on
with power, or has burnt out or • Check that the main switch is not damaged
• Check that the safety thermostat on the heater element has
there is no mains power
not tripped
• Check the pressure switch for correct electromechanical
operation
• For machines with electronic temperature control, reset the
trimmer, check the sensor, the triac, the control unit and
the sensor-triac-control unit connecting wires
4 Water is not coming out of • Water circuit blocked
• Check that the injector, the top circulation tube, the jet and
the solenoid valve are not blocked; for machines with
• Failed solenoid valve
• Coffee ground too fine and electronically controlled dispensing, also check the volume
maybe amount dispensed too meter and that its cut-off tap is open
• Check the electromechanical components of the solenoid
large for the type of filter used
valve, the control unit to coil connecting wires and the
control unit fuse
• Check the dispensing and grinding settings
5 The settings for the amount • Malfunction of the dispenser • Programme different settings for each unit
of coffee dispensed do not metering circuit on one or all • If the problem persists, replace the meter for the unit
involved
remain as set on one or all units
• Replace the solenoid valve
• Leak at unit solenoid valve
the units
one unit
6 The machine will not accept • Malfunction of the meter for unit • Check the connection between the meter for unit 1 and the
programming for unit 1
and therefore copying to
the other units
1 or of the electronic control unit
control unit
• If the connection is satisfactory replace the meter for unit 1
or replace the control unit
7 Alarm signalled by flashing • The metering signals for the unit • Meter or corresponding electrical circuit damaged
of the single strong coffee
LED for the unit used
meter have not reached the elec- • Check the electromechanical components of the solenoid
valve, the control unit to coil connecting wires, the
tronic control unit
corresponding fuse and the control unit itself
8 Alarm signalled by flashing • The water level in the boiler has • Automatic level circuit blocked or no water supply
of the double strong coffee
LED of all the units and the
tea unit
not been topped up within the set upstream
• Automatic level solenoid valve and corresponding electrical
time
circuit damaged
9 Dispensing of one or more • Loss of normal free travel of one • Clean all the push buttons
measures to a coffee unit or
the tea unit starts up at
random and on its own
or more of the pushbuttons due to • Dry the printed circuit
a build-up of material on the outside or infiltration of water or
steam inside the card
10 The machine is switched on • The electronic control unit is not • Check that the switch located above the main switch on
and is heating normally;
the mains power light is on
but none of the electronics
are working
11 In the case of an electronic
machine, unit 1 or unit 2 are
operating continuously even
though dispensing for these
units has not been selected
In
the case of a semi-auto12
matic machine, one unit is
operating continuously
13 Small amounts of steam or
drops of water coming from
the steam tap
54
being energised or has burnt out
the machine for supply to the electronic control unit is not
tripped (if it is, the green light will be on)
• Check the control unit triac protection fuses
• The solenoid valve and pump (or • Emergency switch tripped
only the solenoid valve) are being • Relay short-circuited and welded
• In the case of model 95-26, button E plus button 1 or 2 are
permanently energised
depressed
• Circuit permanently energised
• Contact in the ON switch welded or wires incorrectly
connected
• Adjusting screw not adjusted
• Tap washer worn
• If the machine has only recently been installed or if the
washer has recently been replaced, unscrew the adjusting
screw
• If the machine is not new, replace the washer
FOR THE USER
PROBLEM
CAUSE
SOLUTION
14 A whistling noise is heard • Malfunction of the expansion • Replace the seal and the spring in the valve and reset it to
after coffee has been de- valve
• Pump pressure too high
livered
15 The filter cup detaches • Faulty seal under the filter cup
itself while coffee is being
delivered
16 While coffee is being de- • Poor seal between the filter cup
livered, some spills out, seal and the filter cup
dripping from the edge of
the filter cup
12 bar
• Reset the pump
• Replace the seal and carefully clean the seats of the three
attaching points on the filter cup and unit by inserting and
detaching the filter cup several times, cleaning it each time
• Filter cup seal worn: replace it
• Filters flattened by tapping on hard surfaces: replace
17 Water leaking from the unit • Malfunction of the solenoid valve • Check that the solenoid valve piston is free to move correctsolenoid valve discharge
• For machines with temperature ly inside the rod and that there are no impurities present:
stabilisation, poor seal between clean or replace
• Check the O-ring inside the cooling chamber and replace if
the cooling tube and its O-ring
necessary
18 Water dripping from the • Tap washer worn
• As for the steam tap
• If manual tap, the adjusting • Check the solenoid valve and replace if necessary
screw needs adjusting
• If electronic dispensing, solenoid
valve leaking
19 Light coloured cream (the • Coffee ground too coarse
coffee comes out of the • Weak pressing
spout fast)
• Insufficient batch
• Water temperature below 90°C
• Pump pressure higher than 9 bar
• Sprinklers blocked
• Filter holes enlarged
20 Dark coloured cream (the • Coffee ground too fine
coffee drips out of the • Excessive pressing
• Batch too large
spout)
• Water temperature higher than
90°C
• Pump pressure less than 9 bar
• Sprinklers blocked
• Filter and filter holder clogged
21 Coffee grounds in the cup • Coffee ground too finely
• Grinders worn
• Pump pressure higher than 9 bar
• Filter holes enlarged
• Sprinklers blocked
ENGLISH
tea tap
• Grind coffee finer
• Increase the pressing force
• Increase the batch dispensed
• Increase boiler pressure
• Reduce pump pressure
• Check and clean with blind filter
• Check and replace
• Grind coffee coarser
• Reduce the pressing force
• Reduce the batch amounts
• Reduce boiler pressure
• Increase pump pressure
• Check and clean with blind filter
• Check and clean
• Grind more coarsely
• Replace the grinders
• Reduce pump pressure
• Check or replace
• Clean or replace
22 Coffee with little cream (comes • Filter cup holes blocked
• Clean
out of the spout in spurts)
23 Coffee dripping over edge • Filter cup delivery hole blocked
of filter cup
• Poor sealing of the filter cup seal
• Clean
• Replace
24 Depressions in the coffee • Sprinklers partially blocked
• Clean or replace and check filters with relevant dose
grounds in the filter cup
25 Cream does not last long
• Prolonged extraction due to • Clean or replace the filter
blocked filter
• Clean or replace the sprinklers
• Fast extraction due to blocked • Reduce the boiler pressure
sprinklers
• Water temperature too high
55
grafiche filacorda/udine
34072 GRADISCA D'ISONZO (GO) Italia
Via Padre e Figlio Venuti, 10
Tel. ++39 0481 967111 - Fax ++39 0481 960166
www.lasanmarco.com
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