stoves - Mole Country Stores

stoves - Mole Country Stores
Firebelly FB2
stoves
Attractive, efficient, economical and
fully controllable...
...what more could you ask for?
Firebelly FB1
A guide to
stoves
The benefits of stoves
Providing an efficient, independent and guaranteed
means of heating your home, a stove not only looks
attractive but is a fully controllable appliance. Boiler
stoves can provide an efficient and economical
method of heating your home; providing you with
hot water throughout the day.
With an efficiency level of 65-80%, compared to
an open fire efficiency level of 25-30%, a multifuel
stove is a low cost alternative to burning oil or gas.
For all of your heating needs, Mole Country Stores
offers everything you need in one place.
Wood and Solid Fuels
Stove types
When choosing the right stove for you, there
are three types to consider:
Wood burning stoves burn only seasoned wood
or approved wood products; multifuel stoves
burn approved solid smokeless fuel or seasoned
wood and in most cases have a riddling grate.
Boiler stoves can be either wood or mulitfuel and
are designed to heat both the room and the boiler,
which in turn can provide domestic hot water and
water to run a central heating system.
Fuels types
When burning solid fuel:
• Burn only fuels approved by your stove manufacturer.
• Do not burn house coal or products containing petroleum coke as this will
damage the stove and components.
• A cast iron grate is recommended as solid fuel requires air from below to burn.
When burning wood:
• Wood should be well seasoned
hardwood, with a moisture content ideally
below 25%, stored in a dry, well ventilated
environment (seasoned wood is wood
that has been cut, split and stored for
a recommended minimum period of
18 months allowing the moisture to
evaporate).
• Unseasoned wood will give poor heat
output, tar your chimney and turn your stove glass black.
• Kiln dried logs provide a clean burn with
a much higher heat output than seasoned
logs.
• Hardwood is much denser than softwood so burns for longer. You will need almost twice as much volume of softwood to produce the same heat as hardwood.
• Ideal types of wood to burn are:
Oak, Beech, Birch and Ash.
What not to burn:
• Domestic rubbish – burning this in any
stove will cause harm to the components
and chimney, invalidating the manufacturers warranty.
Full information regarding the most suitable
fuels for our range of stoves is covered in
your stove product manual.
The carbon neutral
option: wood releases
the same amount of
CO2 when burnt as
if it were allowed to
decompose naturally
Hunter Herald 5 Slimline
Choosing your Stove
What size heat
output is required?
The most important factor is to choose a
stove that gives out the correct heat so you
are not too hot or too cold.
Measure your room (length x width x height)
in metres and divide by 14.
Example - an average room of 4.8m x 4.8m
x 2.6m = 59.9 divided by 14 = 4.3 kw
average output required.
Remember this is an average room. The
number of doors and windows in the room
and other factors such as stairs leading
off the room, may increase the heating
requirements. Similarly a well insulated house
may reduce the heating requirements.
Aura ll
• Hearths should be made of solid, non
combustible material at least 125mm thick.
• For a stove installed into a recess, the hearth must extend 150mm to the sides of the stove and 300mm in front.
• A free standing stove that has an under stove
temperature of less than 100ºC, and has been
tested by an approved body, may stand
on a 12mm (minimum) non combustible hearth.
The stove must have a clear surrounding hearth
area of 150mm to the rear and sides of the
appliance, plus 300mm in front of the hearth.
Firebelly FB1
Installing a stove
All stoves should be installed by a HETAS*
approved installer. Alternatively, a building
control officer can carry out an inspection.
Upon satisfactory inspection, either parties will
issue a certificate to confirm that the installation
is correct. The manufacturer’s warranty may
be invalid if no certificate of installation is
available.
For exact requirements, refer to Document
J in the Building Regulations.
Clearance requirements for fitting a stove vary
between different manufacturers.
Reduced clearance may result in reduced
convectional heat into the room.
Hearths
The hearth that the stove sits on is a slab of
non combustible material that extends around
the stove to protect the floor, carpet etc from
the heat and any burning material that may fall
from the stove.
• The edge of the hearth must be at a
different level from the surrounding floor to
define a safe perimeter.
Connecting a stove
to a chimney
There is a distinct difference between a chimney
and a flue. A chimney is the permanent structural
part of the building, usually of brick construction.
The flue refers to the inner passage which carries
the exhaust gases through the chimney. The stove
is connected to the chimney or flue with a short
length of vitreous enamel or stainless steel flue
pipe, connecting onto a flue system or liner.
The minimum flue height should be 4.5m.
Connecting a flue pipe
(single skin)
Vitreous enamelled steel flue pipe is used to
connect a stove to a chimney or flue system.
This:
• Is designed for interior use up to 1.8m from the
appliance.
• Must be a minimum of three times its diameter
from combustible materials, or one and a half
times its diameter if protected with fireboard.
• Must not run for more than 150mm from the
rear of the stove (when running from the rear
of a stove, a 90 degree sweepable tee piece is
required).
* See Useful Contacts page
The minimum required diameter for
a wood burning or a multifuel stove
is a class 16 inch / 150mm liner.
A 5 inch / 127mm liner is only suitable
for a Defra exempt stove installed in a
UK smoke control zone.
• Access to the register plate must be provided for cleaning.
• Bends and tee pieces may be required.
Flexible flue liner (class 1):
Constructed out of stainless steel, the lining is
made of two thin layers, an inner and outer layer
sandwiched together. This is often 316 grade.
• Fast and efficient method of relining a
chimney.
• This would apply particularly to those installed
before 1960.
Useful points:
• When going through an external wall, the
angle must be no greater than 45 degrees.
• If you do not have a chimney, you will need
to build a traditional masonry lined chimney or
the alternative would be a twin walled stainless
steel flue system similar to Nova.
• If the chimney is built pre 1960 it will
probably need to be lined with a Class 1
flexible liner to suit the intended appliance, as
oversized flues can be unsafe. The chimney
can be back filled with insulator - either Leca,
Vermiculite or Rocklap - to improve heat
retention and stove efficiency.
• Chimneys without bends perform better and
are easier to clean and maintain.
• Ventilation - appliances rated above 5kW require additional room ventilation.
Rain cowl
• Connects via a flexible pipe adaptor to a
single skinned flue pipe.
Chimney pot
Mortar flaunching around pot
• Must be installed correctly and fixed into
the chimney.
Top closing plate
• Must have a rain cowl on the top.
Top fixing clamp
Twin walled flue system
- suitable for wood,
multifuel, gas and oil:
Register plate
• Can be used where there is no chimney.
Flex pipe adaptor
• The twin wall has to be a minimum of 50mm away from combustible materials.
Single skin flue pipe
running from the stove
to the flex pipe adaptor
• Two types are available: Nova for wood
and multifuel systems, SMZ for gas and oil
systems.
Stove
• The twin wall should be specified by a heating engineer.
• Must have a rain cap on the top.
Hearth
Castech Firemaster 7
Maintenance and Care
Chimney sweeping
A chimney should be swept up to four times
a year when burning wood or twice a year
when burning solid fuel, preferably by a NACS*
or NACE* qualified engineer, who will provide
a certificate upon completion covering the
visual condition of the flue in compliance with
Building Regulations Document J.
A poorly maintained flue liner may cause a
chimney fire. Tar in a flue will burn vigorously
and is very hard to extinguish. It can burn at
over 10000C causing substantial damage and
possibly a house fire.
* See Useful Contacts page
Stove & Fireside
Accessories
Log baskets
Coal hods
Coal buckets
Fire grates
Companion sets
Ash carriers
Hearth tidy sets
Stove gloves
Fireguards
Fire cement
Match holder and
matches
Stove rope
Stove and grate
polish
Essential accessories to
make fires and stoves safe
and easy to operate.
Images for illustration purposes, see in store for the full range.
Frequently Asked
Questions
Why are stoves so
efficient?
With an open fire, up to 30% of the heat
enters the room. By enclosing and controlling
the burning process, up to 80% of the heat is
retained and radiated into the room.
What is a pre-heated
airwash?
An airwash allows a curtain of air to pass
down inside the door, keeping the glass clean.
What is meant by clean
burning, secondary air
and tertiary air?
Clean burning is the term to describe the
combustion process within the stove. This
ensures that the gases and particulates
are ignited in the firebox to offer complete
combustion of all materials. This is achieved
by injecting air above the fire bed – hence
the term clean burning. Some stoves have a
secondary air and even a tertiary air inlet above
the firebed to improve combustion efficiency
and clean burning.
Can I burn my multifuel
stove overnight?
Most multifuel stoves are capable of burning
for long periods, including overnight. Choose
the right fuel and follow the instructions in your
stove manual to achieve this and you will keep
your home warm and cosy on long, dark, cold
winter nights. Some very small stoves may
struggle due to the size of the firebox.
What is the difference
between a wood stove
and a multifuel stove?
Generally a wood stove has no grate and
therefore the wood fire is lit on a bed of ash
on the stove base. With a multifuel stove you
will have a grate as the air will need to come
under the fire bed in order for the solid fuel
to burn. Modern multifuel stoves are equally
suited to burning wood and solid fuel.
What are the differences
between a steel and cast
iron stove?
Cast iron is the traditional choice for stove
manufacturers but modern manufacturing
methods mean that steel stoves are just as
good. A cast iron stove will take longer to heat
up and will radiate its heat longer after the fire
dies down. Whereas a steel stove will heat up
more quickly and will cool down more quickly
after the fire dies down.
Can I heat hot water and
radiators with my stove?
A number of stoves offer the option of an
add in boiler which will allow you to heat a hot
water tank and, in larger stoves, a towel rail or
small radiator. If you want to run a complete
central heating system there are dedicated
boiler stoves capable of this. Be sure to ask a
heating engineer to calculate the required BTU
output for your heating needs in order that the
appropriate boiler model can be chosen to suit
your installation. See Boiler Stoves page.
Open fires
Wood burning
stoves / cookers
Multifuel stoves
/ cookers
Fuel Guide
Logs
(dried hardwood)
Net
n
n
n
From well managed woodlands providing real
value for open fires and multifuel stoves.
Logs (kiln dried)
Bag
n
n
n
From well managed woodlands, these logs provide
up to 50% more heat than poorly seasoned wood.
Blazers fuel logs
10kg
n
n
n
Made from 100% wood. Easy-to-light. Bright lively flame,
longer burning and low ash.
Traditional
kindling
Net
n
n
n
Softwood, sawn to a regular size to ensure your
fire gets off to a roaring start every time.
Kiln dried kindling
(ESHO997)
Box
n
n
n
100% poplar wood as used by the match industry. Clean
and convenient pack.
Flamers natural
firelighters
Box
n
n
n
Untreated wax dipped fine wood shavings made from
renewable, natural wood waste. Easy-to-light and have a
strong, long burn.
Firelite briketts
20kg
n
n
n
3-inch Firelite (Union) briketts. Complement /
alternative to wood. Easy-to-light. Bright lively
flame, longer burning and very low sulphur.
Premium
house coal
20kg
n
Superbrite
20kg
Fuel recommended for:
Comments
Wood products
Coal products
Blaze
20kg
n
Large sized (UK Standard), consistently high quality, high
volatility, high heat, value for money fuel. Not smokeless.
n
Premium Smokeless Fuel. Low volatility, high heat, value
for money, manufactured briquette made from anthracite.
Approved by Aga-Rayburn.
n
Premium smokeless fuel. High volatility, high heat,
low ash, value for money, manufactured
briquette made from anthracite.
Hunter Herald 14
Boiler Stoves
Heating your home with
a boiler stove
Boiler output ranging from approx
12,000BTU – 54,000BTU
If you are looking to use the heat generated by
your stove to provide you with hot water and
central heating with the addition of a boiler, you
would need either an integrated boiler or a clip
in boiler.
Integrated boilers:
Integrated boilers are more commonly known
as wraparound boilers. They provide a much
higher BTU output (British Thermal Unit - the
amount of energy needed to heat one pound
of water by one degree Fahrenheit) than a clip
in boiler. As their name suggests, they are
fitted into the stove and provide hot water for
the home as well as your central heating. As
the boiler is integrated into the stove, it cannot
be replaced separately from the stove.
Clip in boilers:
Clip in boilers can be bought with the stove at
the time of purchase or they can be bought
after the purchase and retro fitted. This means
that where there is a clip in boiler available for a
specific model of stove, then a dry stove can
be developed into a boiler stove and provide
hot water, and in some cases central heating,
to the home. As clip in boilers tend to provide
a lower BTU output than an integrated boiler,
they will only be able to service a small number
of radiators.
Please note, it is extremely
important that your heating
engineer or plumber calculates
the required BTU output for your
heating system before you decide
on the boiler or boiler stove that
best suits your needs.
Top Tips for Stoves
Installation
• Always use a HETAS* qualified installer.
Fuel
• Use well seasoned or kiln dried wood.
• Use approved solid fuels only. Always check
manufacturers’ instruction handbook for
guidance.
How to light a fire
• For solid fuel fires, ensure ash from previous fire has been removed.
• For wood fires, a small layer of ash should be
left on the grate of the fire box bed.
• Open the bottom air vents in your stove.
• Place a firelighter or scrunched up balls of paper (min 6 sheets) in the centre of the
firebox (fire lighting material).
• Place kindling (min 6 small pieces of dry, preferably soft, wood) on top of the fire lighting material.
• Now lay some larger pieces of dry wood (no larger than 40mm square) on top.
• Light the fire lighting material and close the stove door (or leave slightly ajar according to
stove manufacturers’ recommendations).
• Once the fire has caught, add larger pieces
of wood or solid fuel to the fire and close
the fire doors.
• Adjustments to the stove vents will normally
be required depending on the type of
fuel being burnt and the draught up the
chimney.
If the fire burns too fast
(uncontrollably)
This could be due to:
• An excessive air supply; check all vents and seals.
• Door seals may require replacing.
• Excessive chimney draw, in which case a chimney flue damper may be required.
• The vents require closing.
• The fire doors have been left open.
• The throat plate is incorrectly fitted.
If the fire burns too slowly
This could be due to:
• A poor chimney draught.
• Wet or damp fuel.
• Too much fuel in the firebox.
• The air vents are closed.
• Insufficient air supply in the room.
If the stove is smoking
This could be due to:
• An insufficient flue draught.
• An insufficient flue temperature.
• Too much fuel in the firebox.
• Wet or damp fuel.
If the glass is blackened
This could be due to:
• Wet or damp fuel.
• Under firing the stove.
• Air vents being closed.
Hot controls
In normal operation the controls can get hot.
Always use a stove glove.
This is a guide; for the best advice please speak
to your local HETAS* engineer.
* See Useful Contacts page
Useful Contacts
The Heating Equipment Testing and Approval
Scheme (HETAS) is the independent UK body
recognised by the government for the official
testing and approval of domestic solid fuels,
solid fuel and wood burning appliances and
associated equipment and services. Approved
installers and chimney sweeps can all be
found on their website www.hetas.co.uk or
telephone 0845 634 5626.
Oil Fired Central
Heating and
Cooking (OFTEC)
Any installation or upgrade work performed
on your heating system including domestic
fuel oil storage will be subject to Building
Regulations. An OFTEC Registered Technician
can self-certify his work and provide you with a
certificateconfirmingthatthe work done meets
the relevant Building Regulations. Approved
installers can be found on the OFTEC website
www.oftec.co.uk or telephone 0845 65 85
080.
Solid Fuel Association
Operating as an advice centre,
the Solid Fuel Association was
established to encourage greater
awareness of the benefits of
domestic solid fuel heating and
welcomes communication on all matters
concerning the use of solid fuels both from
domestic consumers and professionals. For
more information, visit www.solidfuel.co.uk or
telephone 0845 601 4406.
National Association of
Chimney Sweeps (NACS)
For information about chimney maintenance and
how to locate a local chimney sweep visit
www.chimneyworks.co.uk or telephone
01785 811732
National Association
of Chimney Engineers
(NACE)
For information on chimney engineers visit
www.nace.org.uk or telephone 01526 322555
Rayburn Guild
The Rayburn Guild is a nationwide
network of independent engineers
committed to providing first-class
installation and servicing. More information may
be found at www.rayburn-web.co.uk
Mole Country Stores recommends
that all installations are performed
by professional qualified installers to
guarantee a safe and efficient system.
Mole Country Stores accepts no
responsibility for issues arising from
installations performed by non qualified
installers or not certified under the
building regulations. In all cases of
complaint we will require sight of the
installation certificate.
The information within this brochure
should be treated as a guide only. E&OE.
Contact us
Hunter Herald 5 Slimline
Store information
Bury St Edmunds 0845 6780510
Colchester 0845 6780511
Darley Dale 0845 6780515
Dereham 0845 6780512
Fauld 0845 6780513
Market Rasen 0845 6780514
Melton Mowbray 0845 6780516
Newark
0845 6780517
Stamford 0845 6780518
Worksop 0845 6780520
www.molecountrystores.co.uk
SR4928 08/13
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