KUZMA 4POINT TONEARM Instruction manual Serial Number

KUZMA 4POINT TONEARM Instruction manual Serial Number
Instruction manual
Serial Number: …..
The 4POINT tonearm is a very precisely engineered piece of equipment, however, the
construction is robust and requires minimal maintenance for optimal performance.
headshell lock
vertical paddle
vert. paddle lock
horizontal bearing assembly
VTA tower
VTA lock
trough - vertical
pin for cable
main tube assembly
horizontal paddle
horizontal trough lock
main counterweights
cable - play position
counterweight tracking force
General description
Basic Setup
Setting up the tonearm
Adjustment of tracking force
Adjustment of tangential geometry
Adjustment of VTA
Adjustment of azimuth
Adjustment of bias
Adjustment of cueing device
Appendix 1 (tangential geometry)
Appendix 2 (fine azimuth)
Appendix 3 (fine bias)
General description :
This differs from other arms by incorporating several unique features. The zero play bearing
is configured on 4 points. There is very precise VTA adjustment and, despite a longer
effective length of 280 mm (11 inches), fits the standard mounting distance of 212mm ( for 9
inches arms).
The heart of the new construction is a unique 4 point bearing. The first set of two points
(similar to a double unipivot bearing) allows vertical movement. The second set of two points
allows horizontal movement. All four points have minimal friction and zero play in all
playing directions thus ensuring the cartridge platform and the cartridge itself move with very
low friction and minimal vibration across the record. It is normal to feel slack in the bearings
in certain directions.
The whole construction is mounted on a rigid VTA tower which allows very precise VTA
adjustment while playing, without any loss of rigidity, yet with up to 0.01 mm of precision
and zero play.
The main tube is constructed and machined from solid aluminium, similar to our tangential
Air line arm. The main counterweight balances the tonearm and there is a second small
counterweight with which the tracking force can be finely adjusted. Azimuth can be adjusted
in small repeatable increments with zero play, by means of an Allen key.
A feature of the tonearm is a unique detachable headshell. The electrical connection is via
standard pins but the headshell can be simply removed by unscrewing with an Allen key. The
headshell is fixed with a precise hexagonal locking system giving the same rigidity as with a
fixed headshell.
Two separate troughs damp vertical and horizontal resonances and can be finely adjusted
independently. The troughs can be removed from the tonearm.
Internal wiring is of superior special alloy silver wires. One set of 4 wires runs unbroken
from the cartridge pins to the termination box and further along into a 1.4 m long tonearm
cable with silver Eichmann bullet connectors. The second set of 4 wires runs from the same
cartridge pins to the termination box to female Cardas RCA connectors thus allowing use of
any RCA plugged tonearm cable from termination box, to phono preamp input. This gives so
called biwiring on this tonearm and a lot of flexibility with choice of no compromise cables.
If both sets of cables are connected, bear in mind that an MC cartridge will see it as »double
loading«. If you want to set up 2000 Ohms, with both sets of wire connected to the same
phono unit, then 4000 Ohms loading should be set.
azimuth lock
VTA scale - fine
horizontal bearing assembly
azimuth adjustment
vertical bearing point
Fig. 2
Technical data:
1650 gr
Effective length :
280 mm ( 11 inch)
Mounting distance:
212 mm
Offset angle:
19.50 degrees
Distance from spindle to
horizontal bearing:
264 mm
Effective mass:
13 g
VTA adjustment:
Azimuth adjustment:
Bias adjustment:
Vertical damping:
Horizontal damping:
Arm mount:
Air line 212 mm
1. Unpacking
Open the box carefully and remove top covers.
The tube with vertical bearing points is packed separately (tube assembly) on the top of the
box. Please do handle with care and when put aside, ensure that nothing is touching the
bearing points. Bear in mind how you will handle the termination box and output cable.
The horizontal bearing assembly is permanently mounted on the main VTA arm tower. This
is blocked during transport. (Fig. 2)
First remove the armbase and prepare it for fixing onto the turntable. Be sure that the
armboard on the turntable has the correct cut-out (main central hole must be 40 mm in
2. Basic set up
Mount the armbase on the turntable. If the pre-cut has a thread, then use three screws and fix
them from the top through the armbase into the armboard thread. A second way is to use a
ring underneath and fix three screws into this ring, which will then hold the armbase very
tightly. Be sure that you position the armbase so as to give access to an Allen key for fixing
arm into armbase (towards the back of the turntable). Also check, when mounting the arm on
other turntables, that you allow enough clearance for counterweights and correct position of
the tube in relationship to the platter. Due to the bearing construction, there is only a limited
arc which the arm tube can travel in a horizontal way. Rotation of the VTA arm tower of the
arm, to achieve the correct distance of 264 mm, is done with a protractor after the basic setup.
VTA arm tower:
Insert the VTA arm tower into the armbase. Ensure that the height is such, that the top
surface of the platform holding cueing device is at the same height as the record. Fix it with
an Allen key. The vertical bearing cups should be at the same height as the record. Also
check that the VTA adjustment is in the middle position, to allow fine VTA adjustment up
and down 5 mm each way.
With 1.5 mm Allen key, release the small ring which is on the fixing pillar below the VTA
arm tower. Now it will drop down and touch the armbase. Fix the ring again and release the
VTA arm tower. You now have the correct height but you can freely rotate the VTA arm
tower horizontally. Rotate it to such a position that the distance from the centre of the record
to the centre of the horizontal bearing is 264 mm. (Use protractor by gently pulling apart
trying to achieve max distance) Now fix VTA arm tower. (Fig.3)
264 mm
Fig.3 Protractor for pivot to spindle distance
Remove the fixing foam on the horizontal bearing assembly. Check that the bias thread is
fixed and gently rotate horizontal bearing assembly from one to another extreme. It is only
possible to make approximately ¼ of a turn. It is normal to feel slack in the bearings.
Tube assembly:
Carefully take the tube assembly with cable (there is also a heavy connection box) and gently
position it around the horizontal bearing assembly so that the two points will fit into the
appropriate bearing cups. Position it into the armrest.
(Fig. 2&4)
Remove cable from the tube assembly by releasing the black cable holder from the transport
position with the 1.5 mm Allen key. Fix it to the empty pin at the back of the VTA tower,
below the VTA locking lever. Fix it in such way, that the naked wires will go upwards
towards the tube in a loop. Be sure, that the VTA arm tower is fixed in the armbase, because
the weight of the cable might otherwise rotate it. (Fig.1)
3. Setting up the tonearm
Connecting tonearm:
Check the horizontal movement of the tube to ensure that the headshell will reach the inner
grooves (approximately to the edge of record label), but will not travel to the centre of the
record. Also check the arm wire loop and connect the tonearm cable into the phono sockets
of the preamp. (Fig.1)
You can add a second set of RCA cables into the termination box and connect this to a second
phono unit input. We do not recommend that both cables are connected to the same two input
of a single phono preamp. Disconnect one set. Secure the termination box using a Velcro
strip or long screws onto the turntable stand, somewhere to the rear.
Due to the high tonearm mass, turntable levelling and suspension should be checked and
adjusted according to the turntable manual.
vertical bearing point
vertical bearing cup
Fig.4 Assembling the tube onto the horizontal bearing tower.
Cartridge mounting:
Mount the cartridge with the appropriate set of 2.5 mm screws.When fixing cartridge pins be
sure that you do not damage wires under insulation tubes!
Headshell removal and fixing:
This tonearm has a detachable headshell and fixing and positioning it has no negative effect
on tonearm performance. The whole headshell is fixed with one Allen key 2 mm. Insert it in
the top hole and release screw with Allen key for at least one turn (ACW). (Fig.5&6)
Disconnect cartridge pins, remove Allen key and pull out the headshell. (Fig.7)
Fix the cartridge and return headshell back in to the tube. If it can not be inserted easily,
rotate the screw a little more in ACW direction. Then fix it back in CW direction with gentle
force, around one turn.
Fig.5 Locked
Fig.6 Unlocked
Note: Do not over-tighten the screw which locks the headshell.
Fig.7 Removing headshell
Balancing of the tonearm:
Fix cartridge pins. Add counterweights to the lower threaded carrier, starting with the longest
counterweight, then a plastic ring and another counterweight, until the tonearm is roughly
balanced. Be sure to fit the plastic rings that separate counterweights and, at the same time,
allow them to fit together. (See Fig.2 and counterweight configuration)
Knowing the approximate mass of the cartridge, enables choice of the correct configuration
of different counterweights. Aim for roughly zero balance. Even if the counterweights are not
screwed to the end, as long as you rotate two against each other, they will be fixed on the
thread. The main long counterweight (28 mm) remains fixed on the tonearm. You can use
any mix as long as you can achieve the desired tracking force.
Counterweight configuration:
Cartridge weight:
counterweights configuration (gr)
0-4 g
(3.5 mm)
(5 mm)
(7 mm)
(8.5 mm)
Move the small upper counterweight for more precise balance, by rotating. The tonearm's
centre of gravity is chosen to be around the height of vertical rotation. Therefore balancing
the tonearm to zero is very difficult. Adjust it to be roughly balanced and increase tracking
force with smaller counterweight.
If this is too loose, hold the front part of the counterweight and rotate the rear part until there
is a tighter fit, or lock it into position on the threaded carrier. Opposite rotation will make the
smaller counterweight looser. (Fig. 2)
4. Adjustment of tracking force
Balance the tonearm with the tracking scale, which must be at record height. Rotate the
smaller counterweight towards the tube. Rotation for one turn (observe red dots) will change
tracking force for approximately 0.1g. If you are unable to obtain the correct tracking force,
add or remove main counterweights. By rotating two counterweights along the thread you
can obtain the desired balance. Then simply rotate them one against other and this will fix
them. (Fig.1)
Check that the cueing device is at the correct height (see paragraph 10).
5. Adjustment of tangential geometry
Put a record on the platter and adjust VTA in such a way, that the central axis of the tube will
be parallel to the record. This is only a starting point for VTA.
Using the protractor, adjust geometry at two null points. Rough guidance is by the edges of
the cartridge body, but accurate adjustment is by observing whether the cantilever and lines
are parallel at the two null (zero) points.
See appendix 1.
6. Adjustment of VTA
It is extremely easy to set up VTA on this tonearm. Just unlock the lever at the back and
rotate the VTA knob. VTA knob rotation CW- VTA down (Fig.1)
VTA adjustment between any two lines is 0.1 mm (the whole rotation is then 0.8 mm) which
allows for very fine repeatable adjustment. The rigidity of the assembly is such that even in
the unlocked position you will not feel slack. Move the tonearm VTA to the desired height.
Simply lock the lever back with gentle force. Observe the 1 mm scale at the left hand side of
tonearm tower. If you run out of range (10 mm), then you must reposition the tonearm height
in the armbase. However take into account what is the optimal VTA by listening.
Once you find out the correct VTA, rotate outer ring of the VTA main knob and position it
into null position. This is now your starting point for very fine tuning.
Fig. 8 VTA tower side-rough scale
7. Adjustment of azimuth
To make azimuth adjustments, release the two screws locking the mechanism at the centre top
of the main tonearm tube, with Allen key 2mm. Under the main tube is a tiny rod with a
hexagonal screw. Insert the Allen key 2 mm into the screw (it may feel loose), rotate it
slightly and it will alter the azimuth. (Fig.2)
Rotating it back will bring azimuth to its previous position. Changes can be seen by
misalignment of the white lines on the top of the centre of the tube. Even 15 degrees rotation
of the Allen key will make a significant difference.
See appendix 2.
8. Bias
The bias should be adjusted roughly according to the tracking force. Using Allen key 1.5
mm, unlock the screw on the bias weight and position it to the equivalent of gap X to your
chosen tracking force. Lock the screw back, when in position.
Cue device lock
Fig. 9 Bias adjustment
bias lock
Fig. 9a Bias distance “X”
For maximum tracking, it is advisable to set the bias by use of an appropriate test record, ie.
those with tracking bands. Please do not use test records with blank space where the tip of the
needle sits on the surface rather than in the groove. (Fig.9&9a)
See appendix 3.
9. Damping
This tone arm has two independent damping systems. The lower trough is for horizontal
damping and the second trough on the arm tube assembly is for vertical damping. (Fig.1)
Both troughs are removable.
The horizontal holder with paddle is permanently fixed on the horizontal bearing assembly.
Vertical& horizontal damping:
The vertical paddle is inserted after the tube assembly. Fix holder in the hole with 1.5 mm
Allen key. (Fig 10)
The paddles long screws (1.5 mm Allen key) are fixed with fingers by a small black plastic
nut. Start with both at zero damping. The more the paddle is inserted into the liquid, the
stronger the damping. First start with horizontal, then add vertical, but feel free to
Be sure that you do not adjust the paddle in the trough so that it touches the bottom.
Fig.10 Fixing vertical damping holder
Paddles are fixed by holding a screw with Allen key 1.5mm and ACW rotation with fingers of
the small black nut.
Adding damping oil:
First insert silicone damping oil into the troughs. Let the liquid settle, before adding more.
Stop filling, when you reach the silver lines about 3mm below the edge of the troughs.
Removing trough:
Removing trough using Allen keys 1.5 mm (vertical- fig .11) and 2.5 mm (horizontalfig.12&1). Release fixing screw and pull away trough. But firstly put paddles in the vertical
position out of the oil so that oil will drip off.
Fig.11 Removing vertical trough
Fig.12 Removing horizontal trough
Fig.13 Both troughs removed
10. Cueing device adjustment
Should you find that in the ‘up’ position the cartridge is too high or too low above the record
then the cueing device can be raised or lowered. This can be done simply by using Allen key
1.5 mm:
Insert key into screw on side of arm rest.
Release screw, raise or lower device and retighten.
Rotation of cueing device can affect the drift of cartridge while travel vertically down.
The cueing device may lift slightly as the screw is retightened. Do not over-tighten as this
may cause the cueing device to stick in the ‘up’ position. Should this occur, slightly release
the screw. (Fig.9)
11. Maintenance
The bearing does not need maintenance. Clean dust from the tonearm with a dry cloth and use
a soft cloth and alcohol to remove silicone oil.
12. Transport
During transport the tube assembly must be removed from the horizontal bearing assembly.
To do this you must remove the vertical paddle. Remove vertical trough and reposition cable
on the tube assembly.
If you transport a turntable with tonearm, ensure that hard vibration from the car does not
transmit directly to the tonearm. Placing soft material such as rubber, foam or a thick blanket
below the turntable is helpful in filtering rough vibrations even when the platter is removed.
13. Problems
1. Cartridge jumps in the inner grooves: See if the tube can travel towards the centre of the
record- check that position of the tonearm is correct with protractor for distance.
2. Cartridge is too close to the record edge: Check if the tube travels too much toward the
centre of the record- check that position of the tonearm is correct with protractor for distance.
3. Headshell cannot be removed- check that the screw is released enough with Allen key.
Kuzma Ltd
Hotemaze 17A
P: +386 4 25 35 450
F: +386 4 25 35 454
E mail:kuzma@s5.net
Tangential Cartridge geometry adjustment
Once the cartridge has been mounted, it is necessary to ensure that the cartridge is tangential
to the record grooves in order to minimize tracking distortion during playing. As the cartridge
moves in an arc across the record, tracking distortion occurs and is minimized by the tonearm
geometry and the angle of the cartridge in the headshell.
With optimum tonearm geometry, very low distortion levels (below 1 %) can be obtained
across the entire playing surface. Cartridges have zero distortion at two points on a record
and these points are used when aligning the cartridge. In practice these points lie at 66 mm
and 121 mm from the record centre (see protractor). Other protractors make use of different
zero points due to the use of different parameters in calculation. In this case 60 mm has been
chosen as the inner groove and 146 mm as the outer groove which still has optimum tracking
1. Ensure bias is on minimum or switch off.
2. Place protractor over spindle on platter.
If you have difficulty seeing the cantilever it may help to raise the arm a few mm, taking care
that the protractor does not rotate. This also prevents tilting of the cantilever due to the effect
of bias force. It may also be helpful to fix the platter by inserting a wedge between platter and
plinth and by inserting a sheet of white paper to give a clear background while observing the
cartridge. Use a strong light.
3. Alignment at zero point 66 mm (A):
Place tip of stylus on point A (ie. zero point 66 mm). With a strong light observe cartridge
from front. The cantilever and the line on protractor should be in perfect alignment.
If the cantilever is not, then the body of the cartridge will have to be rotated slightly.
Do not adjust cartridge by observing body of cartridge only. (Fig.14)
Fig. 14 Alignment at A
To rotate or readjust cartridge:
4. Slightly loosen the screws which attach the cartridge to the headshell.
5. Holding headshell in one hand slightly rotate the body of the cartridge.
6. Recheck alignment at position A and continue adjustment until line described in point 3 is
7. Alignment at zero point 121 mm (B):
Reposition protractor and check alignment at position B.
Fig. 15 Alignment at B
8. If the cantilever is not in alignment then rotate protractor until it is in alignment somewhere
along the line “x-y” though stylus will probably not be at zero point B. Raise the cueing
device a bit for better viewing. (Fig.15)
9. If stylus is in front of point B, pull the cartridge forward (along side) in the slots of the
headshell for approximately the same distance “S” as stylus is overhanging zero point B. If it
is behind point B, push cartridge backwards towards the pivots of the tonearm for distance
“S” (Fig. 16)
Fig.16 Stylus tip is in front of zero point B.
10. Now rotate protractor and again position stylus at zero point A as described in 5 and 6
above, ensuring that the position of the cartridge in the slots alongside is not changed but only
rotated for alignment of the cantilever in zero point A. (Fig.17)
Fig.17 Rotation at A
11. Recheck alignment of the cantilever at zero point B. If cantilever is not aligned here,
rotate protractor to find where on line “x- y” the cantilever is aligned again. (Fig.18&15)
Fig. 18 Alongside line “X-Y” alignment at B
If the stylus is still in front of zero point B on the line “x-y” as before, but nearer to point B,
then again pull cartridge slightly forward for distance “S” and repeat the whole process by
aligning at zero point A until the stylus will be at zero point B.
If stylus end up behind the zero point B on line “x-y” then move cartridge in opposite
direction to before, backwards and realign it at zero point A.
If stylus is still behind the B point, the cartridge should be pushed back and realign at zero
point A and realigned again at zero point B.
12. Continue until the stylus is in alignment at both points.
a) Put stylus at zero point A and by rotation align cantilever along XY line.
b) Align cantilever along XY line at zero point B by rotating protractor and see where stylus
is on the line XY- in front or behind zero point B.
c) Move cartridge along (not rotating it) for the same distance as stylus is overhanging zero
point B for the same distance to increase the overhang.
d) Repeating these steps (a,b,c,a,b,c,…) will ensure that stylus& cantilever are in alignment at
both zero points A&B.
NOTE: Ensure that cantilever is not twisted due to bias force.
Appendix 2
Fine Azimuth Adjustment
This can be done using an oscilloscope and a test record or by using good records in a good
system and listening to the sound. Cartridges with fine profiles (VDH, Microline etc.) are
more sensitive to this adjustment. On the other hand cheaper cartridges are not made so well,
making fine adjustment more useful.
With an oscilloscope we measure the differences in crosstalk between both channel. The idea
is that on both channels this is equally small. For that we need a test record with tracks
recorded for left and right channels separately. Then we compare crosstalk from the left
channel on the right channel- which is a very small signal, to the same type of signal from the
other channel. By adjusting azimuth, crosstalk on both channels should be made equal.
Listening from LP:
Start listening with the tube in zero position, with the marking lines aligned. Listen to the
sound-stage, the focus and the stability of the instruments. Release the two locking screws
and rotate the Allen key so that tube rotates for approximately the width of the mark. Listen
and then rotate tube for a similar amount in the opposite direction and again listen. Adjust the
arm to the position in which the best sound was obtained. In this position make further
adjustments by turning the Allen key for a quarter turn in one direction, listening and then
turning a quarter turn in the other direction and listening.
Continue this process making ever decreasing adjustments, 1/8 of a turn, then 1/l6 and so on.
When optimum results are obtained fix the locking screws. To remember the position of the
azimuth, imagine that the inserted Allen key acts as a dial on the clock.
NOTE: During fine adjustment only gently fix locking screws during listening.
The adjustment screw is highly sensitive and the smallest pressure on the Allen key will alter
the azimuth and sound.
Do not attempt any adjustment when the locking mechanism is locked. Although no damage
can be done.
Significantly improved sound can be obtained by paying attention to azimuth adjustment prior
to final VTA adjustment.
Appendix 3
Fine bias adjustment
1. Set bias and tracking force as previously described and listen to mistracking on highly
Modulated tracking bands on test record. On higher modulated bands mistracking can be
heard as impure tones and there will be more overtones. (See instructions on test record)
2. If mistracking is apparent, increase or decrease bias until minimum mistracking is found.
If mistracking is heard on the right channel only then the bias is too low, if on both
channels the bias is too high or the trackability limit of the cartridge has been reached.
3. Finally further decrease mistracking by increasing tracking force to the maximum
Recommended for the cartridge.
4. It is best to have the highest possible tracking force and low bias force.
Cartridge Protractor ( Not in correct scale)
Tonearm mounting protractor
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