TM-2016-8/8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras

TM-2016-8/8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
TM-2016-8/8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Operation Manual
69-0093
Rev. A
Imaging Products
i
Notice Page
Notice
The material contained in this manual consists of information that is proprietary to PULNiX America, Inc., and may only be
used by the purchasers of the product. PULNiX America, Inc. makes no warranty for the use of its product and assumes no
responsibility for any errors which may appear or for damages resulting from the use of the information contained herein.
PULNiX America, Inc. reserves the right to make changes without notice.
Microsoft, Windows 98, Windows 95, Windows NT, and Windows Explorer are either registered trademarks or trademarks of
Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.
Warranty
All of our solid-state cameras have a full three-year warranty. If any such product proves defective during this warranty
period, PULNiX America, Inc. will repair the defective product without charge for parts and labor or will provide a replacement in exchange for the defective product. This warranty shall not apply to any damage, defect or failure caused by improper
use or inadequate maintenance.
Certifications
CE Compliance
The TM-2016-8/8CL camera has been certified to conform to the requirements of Council Directive 89/336/EEC, 92/31/EEC,
and 93/42/EEC for electromagnetic compatibility and to comply with the following European Standards:
Immunity:
Emissions:
EN 55024: 1998
EN 55022: 1998/ CISPR22: 1997 Class A
All PULNiX products bearing the CE mark have been declared to be in conformance with the applicable EEC Council Directives. However, certain factory-installed options or customer-requested modifications may compromise electromagnetic compatibility and affect CE compliance. Please note that the use of interconnect cables that are not properly grounded and shielded
may affect CE compliance.
Contact PULNiX Applications Engineering Department for further information regarding CE compliance.
FCC
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the
FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is
operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area may cause harmful interference, in which case the user will be required to correct
the interference at his own expense.
WARNING
A
SS
O C I AT I O
N
®
RM
UL
FI
S
I
MEMBER
REG
TED IMA
MA
O
G
IN
G
TM-2016-8/8CL Operation Manual
PULNiX America, Inc.
1330 Orleans Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Tel:(408) 747-0300
Tel:(800) 445-5444
Fax:(408) 747-0880
E-mail: imaging@pulnix.com
www.pulnix.com
AU
T
Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the party responsible for
FCC compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
TE ED
R
PULNiX AMERICA, INC.
REGISTERED TO ISO-9001
FILE #A3942
TM-2016-8/8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
ii
Table of Contents
1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
Product Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Functional Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
System Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
2 Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
2.1 Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
2.1.1 Unpacking Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2.1.2 Components List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2.1.3 Accessories and Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2.2 Camera Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
2.2.1 Heat Dissipation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2.2.2 Connector Pin Configurations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2.2.3 Shutter Speed Control Dial (TM-2016-8 only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.2.4 RS-232 Communication Cable (TM-2016-8 only). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.2.5 Digital Output Cable (TM-2016-8 only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.2.6 Camera Link Cable (TM-2016-8CL only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.2.7 Cable Assembly Part Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.2.8 Power Supplies and Power Cable Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.2.9 Attaching the Analog Video Output. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
2.2.10 Attaching the Camera Lens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
3.1 Camera Rear Panel (TM-2016-8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
3.1.1
3.1.2
3.1.3
3.1.4
3.1.5
3.1.6
Up/Down Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Digital Output Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Analog Output Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power, RS-232, and External Sync Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shutter Speed Control Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mode Selection Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15
15
15
15
15
15
3.2 Camera Link Rear Panel (TM-2016-8CL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
3.2.1 Digital Output Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
3.2.2 Analog Output Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
3.2.3 Power and External Sync Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
Progressive Scanning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Electronic Shutter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Asynchronous Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
3.6.1 External VINIT With Pulse Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
3.6.2 Internal Shutter Speed Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
3.7 Dynamic Range Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
3.7.1 Programmable Look-Up Table (LUT) and Knee Control . . . . . . . . . 22
3.8 Scan Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
3.8.1 Full Progressive Scan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
3.8.2 Two-Row Binning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
3.9 External Sync and Pixel Locking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
3.10 Camera Timing Charts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
3.10.1 Pixel Clock Locking (optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
TM-2016-8/8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
iii
Table of Contents
3.11 Serial Communication Kit (TM-2016-8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
4 Troubleshooting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
4.1 Problems and Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
4.1.1 Symptom: No Video . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
4.1.2 Symptom: Dark Video . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
4.1.3 Symptom: Non-synchronized Video. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
4.2 Information and Support Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
5 Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
5.1 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
5.1.1 Physical Dimensions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
5.1.2 Spectral Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
TM-2016-8/8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
iv
List of Figures
FIGURE 1.
TM-2016-8 System Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
FIGURE 2.
Camera Link System Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
FIGURE 3.
Rear Panel View of Digital Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
FIGURE 4.
Serial Communication Cable RS-232B-12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
FIGURE 5.
Pinout Configuration for Digital Output Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
FIGURE 6.
3M Part Number Ordering Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
FIGURE 7.
12P-02S Interface Cable (optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
FIGURE 8.
Look-Up Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
FIGURE 9.
Physical Dimensions (TM-2016-8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
FIGURE 10.
Physical Dimensions (TM-2016-8CL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
FIGURE 11.
Spectral Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
TM-2016-8/8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
v
List of Tables
TABLE 1.
12-Pin Connector (TM-2016-8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
TABLE 2.
12-Pin Connector (TM-2016-8CL). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
TABLE 3.
31-Pin Connector (MP211-031-113-4300) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
TABLE 4.
Connector and Pinout Configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
TABLE 5.
Shutter Speed Control Dial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
TABLE 6.
Mode Selection Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
TABLE 7.
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Product Specifications Table . . . . . . . . . . . .29
TM-2016-8/8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
July 16, 2002
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL
Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Operation Manual
1
Introduction
1.1 Product Description
The PULNiX TM-2016-8* is a high-resolution, high-speed monochrome progressive scan CCD
camera. The interline-transfer type CCD permits full vertical and horizontal resolution of very high
speed shutter images and applications. The electronic shutter, which has speeds to 1/8,000 sec., can be
reset asynchronously by external pulse control. The frame rate is 8 fps.
The TM-2016-8 has a full dynamic range control function, which can be set at externally selectable
look-up table (LUT) knee slopes to convert 10-bit input to 8-bit output, thereby optimizing the CCD’s
full dynamic range in the normal output signal range. The camera has an 8-bit, RS-644 digital signal
output for interfacing with external image-processing systems. All the key functions are externally
controlled via RS-232C. The TM-2016-8CL model has a Camera Link output.
Multi-camera operation requires synchronized data and clock phases from each camera. The TM-20168 has a pixel clock locking phase lock loop (PLL) for multi-camera operation that is offered as an
option. †
Applications for the TM-2016-8 include machine vision, medical imaging, intelligent transportation
systems, high-definition graphics, on-line inspection, gauging, character reading, archiving, and highsecurity surveillance.
*. Unless specifically mentioned, all information in this manual is relevant to both the TM-2016-8 and
the TM-2016-8CL cameras.
†. Pixel clock locking option not available at time of publishing. Please check with PULNiX for
option availability.
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 2
Introduction
1.2 Features
•
Miniaturized and lightweight
The printed circuit boards in the TM-2016-8 have been arranged based on a new design philosophy
that creates modular electronics for the camera, giving it flexibility. In addition, the use of miniature
solid-state components results in a compact, lightweight camera that is 44mm x 44mm x 64mm in
dimensions, and weighs only 136 grams (CL version 141 grams).
•
Imager
The TM-2016-8 uses a progressive scan interline transfer CCD that has the following features:
- Resolution of 1920 x 1080 active pixels for excellent image quality.
- 7.4 x 7.4 µm square pixels for precise dimensional measurement.
- High-speed electronic shutter capability for high dynamic resolution of moving objects and
electronic iris control that eliminates the need for a mechanical shutter.
- Progressive scan CCD eliminates interlace deterioration of image and increases ease of
computer interface.
- High sensitivity and low noise at fast scanning. The CCD can drive faster than 20 MHz
pixel clock rate and has an excellent S/N ratio that is greater than 60dB.
- Built-in microlenses.
•
Electronic shutter
The TM-2016-8 has a substrate drain-type shutter mechanism which provides superb pictures at
various speeds without smearing. A built-in manual shutter speed control selects the electronic
shutter rate of 1/30 (non-async mode only), 1/60, 1/125, 1/280, 1/500, 1/1,000, 1/2,000, 1/4,000,
and 1/8,000 second.
The CCD discharges at a high VINIT of 5V DC. With a negative pulse to VINIT, the camera resets
and purges the charge momentarily. Then it starts integrating for the period of shutter control set by
either an external pulse width or internal shutter control. Progressive scanning permits a full 1080
lines of vertical resolution, as compared to a conventional CCD camera which captures only half
the vertical lines per shutter.
•
Asynchronous reset
The TM-2016-8’s asynchronous reset is flexible and accepts external horizontal drive (HD) for
phase locking. When the VINIT pulse is applied, it resets the camera's scanning and purging of the
CCD. There are two modes to control the asynchronous reset and shutter speed:
- External VINIT with pulse width. The duration between pulse edges controls the shutter
speed externally.
- Internal shutter speed control. The speed control varies from 1/30 to 1/8,000 sec. The
video signal starts with internal V reset timing related to shutter speed.
•
Asynchronous 0 Shutter
This mode is changed to allow back-to-back strobing, which is applied before and after the transfer
gate pulse (10th H from the VINIT trigger)
•
No-Delay Asynchronous Shutter
No-delay asynchronous shutter for pulse-width control (asynchronous shutter mode 9 or
asynchronous shutter pulse width control mode)
•
Asynchronous image capturing
The TM-2016-8 captures async reset images and provides single-shot video output with single
FDV. This makes it simpler for an ordinary frame grabber to capture the async reset images.
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 3
Introduction
•
Read Out Inhibit (ROI)
When Asynchronous no-delay shutter mode is selected, it activates the ROI function. With the
ROI-controllable pulse to 11-pin input, externally controlled readout of the data is available.
•
Extra VINIT trigger rejection during the valid frame readout
This avoids incomplete frame data when too many trigger pulses are applied within the same frame
period.
•
Integration
The TM-2016-8 is capable of capturing high-resolution integration images. Its CCD imager can be
exposed for longer than the normal scan timing of 1/8 sec. This integration feature provides extra
sensitivity for applications in dark environments. The progressive scan imager permits a full frame
of resolution in non-interlace format. Integration is achieved by controlling the #11 pin of the 12pin connector to low (GND) or pulse width control VINIT to pin #6.
•
Output
The TM-2016-8 has an 8-bit RS-644 digital output for interfacing with external image-processing
systems. The Camera Link model is called TM-2016-8CL. Please contact your PULNiX
representative for details on these options and models. The analog output is 1.0 Vp-p composite
video (75Ω).
•
Three-Year Warranty
The CCD solid-state image sensor allows the camera to maintain a superior performance level
indefinitely while requiring virtually no maintenance. PULNiX backs all of the TM-series cameras
with a three-year warranty.
Warning:
Unscrewing the camera cover or opening the camera in any
way will void this warranty unless prior written approval is
obtained from the factory.
1.3 Functional Options
•
Adjustable back-focus front end.
•
Pixel clock locking*
*. Pixel clock locking not available at time of publishing. Please check with PULNiX for current
availability.
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 4
Introduction
1.4 System Configuration
FIGURE 1.
TM-2016-8 System Configuration
Figure 1 below presents a typical system configuration for the TM-2016-8 camera.
UP
3 45 6
CDE
AB
2
F0 1
23
8
67 9
01
DOWN
45
78 9
SHUTTER MODE
30DG-02
DIGITAL
1 9
2
3
11
4
RS-232B-12
cable in
CS-232E kit
8
10
7
12
5
6
POWER
VIDEO
BNC cable
12-pin
connectors
Analog
video*
Computer with
frame-grabber
board
PD-12 (series)
power supply
OR
Power and
Ext. Sync
FIGURE 2.
12P-02S
Camera Link System Configuration
Figure 2 below presents a typical system configuration for the Camera Link cameras.
26CL-02-26
CAMERA LINK
1
Power and
Ext. Sync
12P-02S
2
3
9
8
10
11
4
7
12
5
POWER
6
VIDEO
or
PD-12P (series)
power supply
Analog
video*
Computer with
Camera Link
frame grabber
*Analog video monitoring is done by connecting to an analog frame grabber or oscilloscope.
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 5
Installation
2
Installation
The following instructions are provided to help you to set up your camera quickly and easily. We
suggest that you read through these instructions before you unpack and set up your camera system.
2.1 Getting Started
2.1.1 Unpacking Instructions
We recommend that you save the original packing cartons for the cameras and accessories in case you
need to return or exchange an item.
We also recommend that you bench-test any equipment being sent to another location for field
installation to assure that everything is fully operational as a system.
2.1.2 Components List
Please begin by checking your order against the Components List shown below to assure that you have
received everything as ordered, and that nothing has been overlooked in the packing materials. If any
item is missing, please contact your PULNiX representative immediately.
•
TM-2016-8 camera
•
TM-2016-8 data sheet
•
TM-2016-8 operation manual (if ordered)
2.1.3 Accessories and Options
Following is a list of additional accessories and options that may be required for your application.
Please check with your PULNiX representative before you install your camera to determine what you
might need.
•
Digital output cable 30DG-02 (TM-2016-8 standard model)
•
Serial Communication Kit CS-232E
•
PD-12UUP series power supply
•
12P-02S power cable
•
26CL-02-26 Camera Link cable (for TM-2016-8CL camera)
2.2 Camera Setup
2.2.1 Heat Dissipation
The TM-2016-8 camera from PULNiX America, Inc., is a compact 2K by 1K camera. Since all the
electronics have been packed in a compact package, the outer case of the camera gets hot due to heat
dissipation. For optimal performance, PULNiX recommends using a cooling fan to set up a positive air
flow around the camera and following the precautions below.
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 6
Installation
•
Mount the camera on a large heat sink (camera bracket) made out of conductive material like aluminum.
•
Make sure the flow of heat from the camera case to the bracket is not blocked by a non-conductive
material like plastic.
•
Make sure the camera has enough open space around it to facilitate the free flow of air.
Please contact PULNiX America, Inc. at (800) 445-5444 or send an email to imaging@pulnix.com if
you have any questions.
2.2.2 Connector Pin Configurations
2.2.2 (a)
12-Pin Connector (TM-2016-8)
1
The TM-2016-8 has a 12-pin Hirose connector for power input, serial
communication, and signal integration. Pin #1 is Ground and Pin #2 is
+12V DC. Other pins handle a number of input and output functions, as
shown in Table 1 below.
TABLE 1.
12-Pin Connector (TM-2016-8)
Pin
Description
Pin
Description
1
GND (power)
7
VD In
2
+12V DC
8
N/C
3
GND (analog)
9
HD In
4
Video Out
10
RXD (RS-232)
5
GND (digital)
11
Integration Control
6
VINIT In
12
TXD (RS-232)
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
2
3
9
11
4
8
10
7
12
5
6
Page 7
Installation
2.2.2 (b)
12-Pin Connector (Camera Link models)
The TM-2016-8 Camera Link cameras have a 12-pin Hirose connector for power input and signal I/O.
Pin #1 is Ground and pin #2 is +12V DC. The pinout table is shown below. For TM-2016-8 Camera
Link model cameras, serial communication camera control is done via the MDR26 Camera Link
connector on the rear panel of the camera.
TABLE 2.
12-Pin Connector (TM-2016-8CL)
2.2.2 (c)
Pin
Description
Pin
Description
1
GND
7
VD in
2
+12V DC
8
N/C
3
GND (analog)
9
HD in
4
Video out
10
N/C
5
GND (digital)
11
Integration Control
6
VINIT in
12
N/C
Digital Output Connector
The TM-2016-8 has a 31-pin AirBorn connector (MP211-031-113-4300) on the rear panel to output 8bit, RS-644 video data. The connector pin-out is shown in the figure below.
FIGURE 3.
Rear Panel View of Digital Connector
16
31
Note:
1
17
CLK: data clock, LDV: Line Data Valid, FDV: Frame Data Valid, INTEG: Integration
control, EXT CLK: external pixel clock, []: Differential input option.
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 8
Installation
TABLE 3.
31-Pin Connector (MP211-031-113-4300)a
Pin#
Description
I/O
Pin #
Description
I/O
1
CLK+
Out
17
CLK-
Out
2
LDV+
Out
18
LDV-
Out
3
FDV+
Out
19
FDV-
Out
4
GND
20
VINIT
In
[INTEG
In
5
6
7
EXT HD (TTL)
In
[EXT CLK+]
In
INTEG
In
[HD+]
In
N/C
21
[EXT VD (TTL)
[EXT CLK-]
22
N/C
[HD-]
23
[Vinit+/(VD+)]
In
8
D0+
Out
9
D1+
10
In
In
GND
[Vinit-/(VD-)]
In
24
D0-
Out
Out
25
D1-
Out
D2+
Out
26
D2-
Out
11
D3+
Out
27
D3-
Out
12
D4+
Out
28
D4-
Out
13
D5+
Out
29
D5-
Out
14
D6+
Out
30
D6-
Out
15
D7+
Out
31
D7-
Out
16
GND
a. Note: CLk: data clock; LDV: Line data valid; FDV: Frame data valid; INTEG:
Integration control; EXT CLK: external pixel clock; [ ]: Differential input
option
2.2.2 (d)
Camera Link Connector (Camera Link only)
The TM-2016-8 Camera Link models have a 26-pin MDR26 connector on the rear panel to output
Camera Link data. The connector pin-out is shown in Table 4 below.
13
26
1
14
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 9
Installation
TABLE 4.
Connector and Pinout Configurations
Camera Link Connector MDR 26-pin Connector 10226-6212VC
Pin #
Description
1
GND
2
Tx OUT 0-
3
I/O
Pin #
Description
I/O
14
GND
(Shield)
Out
15
Tx OUT 0+
Out
Tx OUT 1-
Out
16
Tx OUT 1+
Out
4
Tx OUT 2-
Out
17
Tx OUT 2+
Out
5
Tx CLK OUT -
Out
18
Tx CLK OUT+
Out
6
Tx OUT 3-
Out
19
Tx OUT 3+
Out
7
SerTC+
In
20
SerTC-
In (LVDS or RS-232a
8
SerTo FG
Out
21
SerToFG+
Out
9
VINIT-
In
22
VINIT+
In
10
INTEG+
In
23
INTEG-
In
11
N/C
24
N/C
12
N/C
25
N/C
13
GND
26
GND
a. RS-232 optional (custom camera)
2.2.2 (e)
Analog Output Connector
The TM-2016-8 has a BNC connector on the rear panel to output analog
video data. See Section 2.2.4 on page 10 for additional information on analog
video output.
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 10
Installation
2.2.3 Shutter Speed Control Dial (TM-2016-8 only)
Shutter speed can be selected by switching the shutter dial to the appropriate
setting (0 through 9). The factory default settings correspond to the shutter
speeds as shown in Table 5 below.
TABLE 5.
Shutter Speed Control Dial
Manual
Async
0
no shutter
no shutter
1
1/30
1/8,000
2
1/60
1/4,000
3
1/125
1/2,000
4
1/250
1/1,000
5
1/500
1/500
6
1/1,000
1/250
7
1/2,000
1/125
8
1/4,000
1/60
9
1/8,000
Ext. pulse-width control
8
7
9 0 1
2
3
6 5 4
2.2.4 RS-232 Communication Cable (TM-2016-8 only)
FIGURE 4.
Serial Communication Cable RS-232B-12
2000±20mm
40±3mm
1925±10mm
MALE
75mm±5mm
1
6
5
9
FEMALE
190±5mm
The RS-232 controller set CS-232E includes the RS-232B-12 interface cable, the software disk, and a
quick-start card. The TM-2016-8 camera’s built-in look-up table (LUT) can be controlled by an external
RS-232 interface. The camera settings can be programmed or changed using the communication cable
and software. Commands from the RS-232 interface will over-write the rear panel switch settings of the
camera. Please refer to the AccuPiXEL Series Camera Control Software manual for details on the
graphical user interface.
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 11
Installation
2.2.5 Digital Output Cable (TM-2016-8 only)
Male
Female
17
1
31
16
25.0mm
1.00 in
20
1
37
19
78.74 in (2 meters)
The TM-2016-8 camera uses the cable 30DG-02 from PULNiX as a digital output cable. This cable has
a 31-pin AirBorn connector on the camera end and a 37-pin D-sub male connector on the other end.
Contact your PULNiX representative regarding availability of interface cables for specific frame
grabber models. Pinout configuration for the digital cable is shown below.
FIGURE 5.
Pinout Configuration for Digital Output Cable
FROM 31 PIN CONN
TO 37 PIN CONN
WIRE COLOR
FROM 31 PIN CONN)
PIN 1
PIN 2
PIN 3
PIN 4
PIN 5
PIN 6
PIN 7
PIN 8
PIN 9
PIN 10
PIN 11
PIN 12
PIN 13
PIN 14
PIN 15
PIN 16
PIN 17
PIN 18
PIN 19
PIN 20
PIN 1
PIN 2
PIN 3
PIN 16 GND
PIN 8
PIN 9
PIN 10
PIN 11
PIN 12
PIN 13
PIN 14
PIN 15
OR
GRY
WHT
YLW
PINK
OR
GRY
WHT
YLW
PINK
OR
GRY
WHT
YEL
PINK
1RED
1RED
1RED
1RED
1RED
2RED
2RED
2RED
2RED
2RED
3RED
3RED
3RED
3RED
3RED
PIN 21 VD
PIN 22 EN/INTEG
PIN 23 GND
PIN 24
PIN 25
PIN 26
PIN 27
PIN 28
PIN 29
PIN 30
PIN 31
PIN 20
PIN 21
PIN 22
PIN 17
OR
GRY
WHT
YEL
1BLU
1BLU
1BLU
1BLU
GND
HD
INTEG
PULSE
TO 37 PIN CONN
WIRE COLOR
PIN 23 GND
PIN 27
PIN 28
PIN 29
PIN 30
PIN 31
PIN 32
PIN 33
PIN 34
PIN
OR
GRY
WHT
YLW
PINK
OR
GRY
WHT
YLW
PINK
PIN 35 GND
SHIELD
NC
N/C
PINS 4, 5, 6, 7
18,19, 24, 25,26,
36, AND 37
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
1BLU
2BLU
2BLU
2BLU
2BLU
2BLU
3BLU
3BLU
3BLU
3BLU
3BLU
Page 12
Installation
2.2.6 Camera Link Cable (TM-2016-8CL only)
The MDR26 cable assembly (26CL-02-26) from 3M has been standardized as the Camera Link cable.
This cable has the 26-pin MDR26 connector on both ends. This is a straight-through cable. The pin-out
configuration is shown in Table 4 on page 9.
4
18
5
19
6
20
7
21
8
22
9
23
10
24
11
25
12
26
13
6
19
5
3
16
2
15
1
14
4
18
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
17
25
3
24
16
23
2
22
15
21
1
20
14
2X
Thumbscrews
2X
Thumbscrews
Note:
26
26 Position
High Density
Mini D Ribbon
(MDR) Male Plug
Cable
17
26 Position
High Density
Mini D Ribbon
(MDR) Male Plug
For the TM-2016-8CL model, serial communication for camera control is done via the
Camera Link connector on the rear panel of the camera.
Cable assemblies and boardmount receptacles can be ordered from 3M.
2.2.7 Cable Assembly Part Numbers
FIGURE 6.
3M Part Number Ordering Information
14X26-SZLB-XXX-0LC
Shell Retention Options:
B = Thumbscrew shell kit
T = Thumbscrew overmold shell
Length
100 = 1 meter
200 = 2 meters
300 = 3 meters
450 = 4.5 meters
500 = 5 meters
700 = 7 meters
A00 = 10 meters
2.2.8 Power Supplies and Power Cable Setup
2.2.8 (a)
Power Supplies
The TM-2016-8 requires 12V DC power that is obtained through the 12-pin connector located on the
rear panel of the camera. PULNiX recommends the following power supplies:
K25-12V
110 V AC/12V DC
2.1A power supply (OEM type)
K50-12V
110 V AC/12V DC
4.2A power supply (OEM type)
PD-12UU
100-240 V AC/12V DC
1.2A universal voltage power supply
PD-12UUP
PD-12UU with12-pin connector
US plug
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 13
Installation
PD-12UE
PD-12UU
European plug
PD-12UEP
PD-12UU with 12-pin connector
European plug
For users providing power through the 12-pin connector, the PD-12P, PD-12UEP and PD-12UUP
power supplies are available with the 12-pin mating connector already attached to the leads from the
power supply. The PD-12UU power supply can be connected to the PULNiX power cable via a
terminal strip or directly.
When wiring the PD-12UU power supply directly, please note the following:
•
The lead ends must be twisted together and tin-soldered for strength and electrical continuity.
•
Shrink tubing or a similar insulator should be used to prevent exposed leads from touching and
shorting.
•
The +12V lead is marked with a red stripe or white lettering; be sure not to reverse the leads.
•
All connections must be properly insulated to prevent shorting.
2.2.8 (b)
PULNiX Power Cables
If you are using PULNiX power cables such as the 12P-02S, please refer to the 12-pin connector pinout diagram in “12-Pin Connector (TM-2016-8)” on page 6. The cable pin-out diagram is shown in
Figure 7 below. The color-coded leads use Gray for Ground and Yellow for +12V.
FIGURE 7.
12P-02S Interface Cable (optional)
+12 V
GND (Gray)
Power (Yellow)
Video Out (Red Coax)
HD In (White Coax)
VD In (Black Coax)
Male
}
Monitor
Analog
Frame Grabber
12P-02S Interface Cable
Note:
Pin#
Lead Color
Function
Pin#
Lead Color
Function
1
Gray
GND
7
Black coax
VD Input
2
Yellow
+12V DC
8
White coax shield
N/C
3
Red coax shield
GND
9
White coax
HD Input
4
Red coax
Video
10
Brown
RXD
5
Orange coax shield
GND
11
Blue
Integration
6
Orange coax
VINIT IN
12
Black coax shield
TXD
Make sure that the unused leads are not touching and that there is no possibility that
exposed wires could cause the leads to short.
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 14
Installation
2.2.8 (c)
“K” Series Power Supplies
The “K” series power supplies are designed primarily for OEM users who will be mounting the power
supply inside a protective enclosure. For use in exposed situations, the PD-12UU series power supplies
are recommended.
1.
2.
3.
Attach the 110V line cord to the two terminals marked “AC.” Do not plug the cord into a 110V AC
socket until you have completed steps 1 through 3.
Attach the Gray and Yellow leads of the power cable to the Ground and 12V DC terminals, respectively.
Replace the plastic terminal guard on the power supply.
2.2.8 (d)
Building Your Own Power Cable
Refer to the 12-pin connector pin-out in Section 2.2.2 (a on page 6. Connect the Ground lead to pin #1,
and the +12V DC lead to pin #2 of the 12-pin connector. Power must be DC-regulated, and of sufficient
current to properly power the camera.
2.2.8 (e)
Attaching the Power Cable to the Connector
The 12-pin connector is keyed and will only fit in one orientation. Follow these directions to properly
attach the power cable to the camera connector:
1.
2.
3.
Rotate the connector while applying slight pressure until the keyways line up.
Press the connector into place until firmly seated.
Plug the power cord into the 100V AC socket. This will power the camera up.
2.2.9 Attaching the Analog Video Output
When connecting the TM-2016-8 to an analog frame grabber or a monitor, use the BNC connector on
the rear panel of the camera. The input of the monitor should be balanced for 75Ω termination. Standard
RG-59 type coaxial cable should carry a full video signal for up to 500 feet.
The multi-conductor cable 12P-02S from PULNiX can be used to transmit analog video, power, sync.
signals, and serial communication. The mini coaxial leads in PULNiX multi-conductor cables are
designed for short runs of no longer than 100 feet.
Note: Make sure that no extraneous wires are visible which could cause a short.
2.2.10 Attaching the Camera Lens
The TM-2016-8 camera accepts 1" or larger format size C-mount lenses. To attach the C-mount lens to
the camera, carefully engage the threads and rotate the lens clockwise until it firmly seats on the
mounting ring. Do not force the lens if it does not seat properly. Please note that some lenses with
extremely long flangebacks may exceed the mounting depth of the camera.
The 2016-8 may perform better with a 35mm camera lens if you use the lens in combination with an F
to C-mount adaptor.
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 15
Operation
Operation
3.1 Camera Rear Panel (TM-2016-8)
Mode Selection switch
Shutter Speed
Control switch
Up/Down switch
UP
3 45 6
CDE
AB
2
F0 1
23
8
67 9
01
45
78 9
3
SHUTTER MODE
DOWN
Digital Output connector
DIGITAL
1
Power, RS-232, and
External Sync Connector
2
3
9
8
10
11
4
5
Analog Output connector
7
12
6
POWER
VIDEO
3.1.1 Up/Down Switch
The Mode Selection switch works in conjunction with the Up/Down switch. Refer to Table 6 above for
information on the Up/Down switch.
3.1.2 Digital Output Connector
Refer to Section 2.2.2 (c on page 7 for information on the digital output connector.
3.1.3 Analog Output Connector
The TM-2016-8 camera has a BNC connector on the rear panel to output analog video data.
3.1.4 Power, RS-232, and External Sync Connector
Refer to Section 2.2.2 on page 6 for information on the power and external sync, and Section 2.2.4 on
page 10 for information on the RS-232 connector.
3.1.5 Shutter Speed Control Switch
Please refer to Section 2.2.3 on page 10 for information on the Shutter Speed Control dial. The factory
default settings are at 0 (no shutter).
3.1.6 Mode Selection Switch
Various modes can be implemented with the rear panel Mode Selection switch. The Mode Selection
switch works in conjunction with the Up/Down switch and RS-232 external control. Commands from
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 16
Operation
the RS-232 interface will over-write the rear panel switch settings of the camera. The table below shows
details on various modes.
TABLE 6.
Mode Selection Switch
Mode
Selection
Switch
Position
Mode Information
Up/Down Switch
0
Normal Mode
Display Mode (D)
1
Set Gain
Up/Down
Change gain
2
Set Vtop (A/D)
Up/Down
Change A/D ref. top
3
Set Vbottom(A/D)
Up/Down
Change A/D ref. bottom
4
Gain Selection #1
Up: 9dB, Down: 12dB
Lower gain selection
5
Gain Selection #2
Up: 18dB, Down: 22dB
Higher gain selection
6
Linear LUT
Up: Linear, Down: LUT
Linear/LUT selection
7
Knee Selection
Up/Down (Scroll)
Scroll 10 different LUTs
8
Async Reset Mode
Up: Normal,
Down: Async
Async and normal shutter
9
Factory default Recall
Up/Down: Recall
Factory setting
A
Power up Setting
Up: Recall, Down: Save
Power up page setting
B
User Page Storage #1
Up: Recall, Down: Save
User page storage setting
C
User Page Storage #2
Up: Recall, Down: Save
User page storage setting
D
Direct Shutter Control
Up/Down
Shutter speed increment
by 1H
E
Scan Format2
Up: Optional,
Down: Binning
Two-row binning
selection
F
Scan Format1
Up: Normal,
Down: Normal
Custom option scanning
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Functions
Page 17
Operation
3.2 Camera Link Rear Panel (TM-2016-8CL)
CAMERA LINK
1
2
3
9
4
8
10
11
7
12
5
6
POWER
VIDEO
3.2.1 Digital Output Connector
Refer to Section 2.2.2 (d on page 8 for information on digital output connectors.
3.2.2 Analog Output Connector
The TM-2016-8CL camera has a BNC connector on the rear panel to output analog video data.
3.2.3 Power and External Sync Connector
Refer to Section 2.2.2 on page 6 for information on the power and external sync. connectors.
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 18
Operation
3.3 Progressive Scanning
Standard TV-system scanning is 525 lines interlace scanning as specified in the RS-170 protocol. Every
other horizontal line (odd lines and even lines) is scanned at a 60Hz rate per field, and the scanning is
completed with two fields (one frame) at 30Hz rate. Because of the interlace scanning, the vertical
resolution of CCD cameras is limited at 350 TV lines, regardless of the horizontal resolution. When
electronic shutter is applied, the CCD can hold only one field of charge at each exposure. Therefore, the
vertical resolution of the electronic-shutter camera is only 244 TV lines. The situation is the same for an
HDTV-format camera, since it has interlaced scanning and the vertical resolution of the shuttered image
is 500 lines.
The TM-2016-8 uses a state-of-the-art progressive scanning interline transfer CCD which scans all lines
sequentially from top to bottom at one frame rate (8Hz). Like a non-interlace computer screen, it
generates a stable, crisp image without alternating lines and provides full vertical TV resolution of 1080
lines.
The interline transfer architecture is also important to generate simultaneous shuttering. This is different
from full frame transfer architecture which requires a mechanical shutter or strobe light in order to
freeze the object motion.
The TM-2016-8 outputs the progressive scanned image with an electronic shutter in two different
formats:
1.
2.
Progressive Scanning digital and analog output
The CCD signal goes through A/D and D/A converters and through 10-bit in, 8-bit out
look-up table (LUT). The digital output is available from a 31-pin connector with RS-644
format (20MHz clock rate) or Camera Link output.
The analog output is the same as 75Ω, 1Vp-p format at 8Hz rate available from BNC and
12-pin connector.
Double-speed scanning output (two-row binning)
By selection, the two-row binning mode provides double-speed video output. Both signal
outputs of the 31-pin connector and the analog output are at 16Hz with a 20MHz pixel
clock.
3.4 Electronic Shutter
The TM-2016-8 has a substrate drain-type shutter mechanism which provides a superb picture at
various speeds without smearing. A built-in manual shutter speed control selects the electronic shutter
rate of 1/30 (non-async mode only), 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1,000, 1/2,000, 1/4,000, and 1/8,000
second.
With VINIT high (5V), the CCD keeps discharging. With a negative pulse to VINIT, the camera resets
and purges the charge momentarily. Then it starts integrating for the period of shutter control set by
either an external pulse width or internal shutter control. Progressive scanning permits a full 1080 lines
of vertical resolution, as compared to a conventional CCD camera which captures only half the vertical
lines per shutter.
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 19
Operation
3.5 Integration
The CCD imager of the TM-2016-8 can be exposed for longer than the normal scan timing of 1/8 sec.
This integration feature provides extra sensitivity for dark-environment applications. The progressive
scan imager permits a full frame of resolution in non-interlace format. Integration is achieved by
controlling the #11 pin of the 12-pin connector to low (GND) or providing pulse-width control up to 3
sec. Please refer to Figure 2.2.2 on page 6 for pin-out information on the 12-pin connector.
3.6 Asynchronous Reset
ASYNC RESET
VINIT
VD
SG (TRANSFER GATE)
DISCHARGE PULSE
FDV
DIGITAL DATA
Shutter Mode
VIDEO
Stand-by Image
Shutter Video
Stand-by Image
NO-shutter mode
SG
NO-shutter mode
Video
Normal Video Interrupted Image 1st Frame
Normal Video
Normal Video
The TM-2016's asynchronous reset is flexible and accepts external horizontal drive (HD) for phase
locking. When the VINIT pulse is applied, it resets the camera's scanning and purging of the CCD. For
asynchronous image capturing by frame grabbers, it outputs single FDV at async reset. There are two
modes to control the asynchronous reset and shutter speed:
•
External VINIT with Pulse Width
•
Internal Shutter Speed Control
3.6.1 External VINIT With Pulse Width
The TM-2016-8 can be reset with external reset pulse (VINIT). Set the dial switch to “9”. Apply a
pulse-width control VINIT signal generated from an external event trigger to the camera. The internal
reset pulse will be latched to HD from the external pulse leading edge (negative going edge). The CCD
discharge pulse will be generated to clear the images. The internal VINIT will be generated at the
following edge (positive going edge) of the external pulse, resetting the internal timing including the
video sync. The shutter speed is the same as the external pulse width.
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 20
Operation
For the progressive format, one frame of video output will start from the rising edge of the pulse width
control. As Asynchronous mode with external pulse input high, the video output will be disabled as the
camera continues discharging the CCD image, providing black video only.
EXT. VINIT
HD
INT. VINIT with shutter speed control
Discharge
Exposure time set by shutter speed
Transfer Gate
FDV
45H
Analog Video Sync
3.6.2 No Delay Shutter and Read-out-inhibit (ROI)
For multiple-camera applications such as 2D or 3D measurement and multi-angle inspection,
simultaneous image capturing at an exact shutter timing for all cameras is a critical requirement. TM2016 ’s async pulse width control mode provides no-delay shutter as standard. Regardless of the internal
pulse timing, it discharges at VINIT leading edge and transfers charges at the trailing edge of the pulse.
Even though each camera runs with slightly different H and data clock timing, the image capturing is
exactly simultaneous. The TM-2016-8 has also read-out-inhibit (ROI) to control the vertical clock to
start. When the ROI is low, V-clock is stopped and the transferred charges remain in the vertical shift
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 21
Operation
registers, which work as if they were CCD memory. When the ROI is high, it clocks out the CCD data.
This helps a single frame grabber to process multiple images in pipeline processing (sequential
process).
VINIT (External Pulse Width Control Trigger)
No-Delay Shutter (All cameras)
Discharge
No-delay Exposure
Transfer Gate
ROI pulse width: Min. 1H to 1frame
ROI Control: Camera #1
Camera #1 Video
FDV/Vsync
Max. 1H delay
ROI Control: Camera #2
Camera #2 Video
3.6.3 Internal Shutter Speed Control
The speed control ranges from 1/30 to 1/8,000 sec. The video signal starts with internal VINIT. With the
internal mode selected, the camera operates the reset and shutter in the same way as the external pulse
width control mode. When the external VINIT pulse is applied, internal VINIT is latched to HD and is
delayed to set up the shutter speed period. The shutter speed is controlled by the dial switch from “1” to
“8.” Video output timing starts right after the internal VINIT. For the timing of the delayed internal
reset, LPULSE output of the 51-pin connector can be used.
EXT. VINIT (Pulse width control)
HD
INT. VINIT after trailing edge of EXT. VINIT
(Discharge stops)
Discharge
Exposure time set by pulse width
Transfer Gate
45H
FDV
Analog Video Sync
Vsync
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 22
Operation
3.7 Dynamic Range Control
Blooming adj. = 13. 5 V
Lens: F=5.6
mV
Vsub = 8 V
Max. Digital dynamic range at 3 dB amp
600
CCD OUTPUT VOLTAGE
Vsub = 10 V
Vsub = 12 V
400
Vsub = 14 V
Vsub = 16 V
200
Digital saturation at 16 dB amp
Vsub = 18 V
Analog saturation at 20 dB amp
0
0
20
40
60
80
LUMINANCE
100
120
140
160
FL
The typical interline transfer CCD has fixed noise levels based on dark current (thermal or KT noise),
pattern noise, and the operating clock speed. In general, the total noise level of the 20 MHz pixel clock
CCD at room temperature is around 20 to 50 electrons. The maximum capacity of CCD charges is
limited by the well capacity at saturation. The range is limited by the structure and the pixel size.
The TM-2016-8 uses a 1” CCD with 7.4 µm x 7.4 µm pixel and two-phase vertical shift register
structure. The well capacity is 50,000 electrons. The theoretical dynamic range is 50,000:40 = 1250:1
(62 dB).
A typical CCD camera does not use the full dynamic range due to the nominal gain and the output
specification such as RS-170. The typical CCD camera’s gain is set at 16 to 22 dB and the RS-170 video
level is 714 mV. Using 20 dB gain for the calculation, CCD output is limited to 714/10 = 71.4 mV. Since
the CCD’s saturation voltage is 400 mV to 500 mV, it uses less than 1/5 of the full dynamic range.
Machine vision and outdoor applications cannot afford to miss image information behind the saturation,
which is why the dynamic range adaptation is critical.
3.7.1 Programmable Look-Up Table (LUT) and Knee Control
The TM-2016-8 has a built-in LUT (look-up table) for dynamic range control.
At a specific gain setting, the offset (minimum level.... dark point) and A/D reference top voltage
(maximum level... saturation point) are set to 10-bit A/D input so that the full dynamic range of the CCD
is utilized at 10-bit references as the input and the LUT output is converted into 8-bit to adjust the
gamma correction.
The look-up table has two knee points (variable gamma selection) that allow the 10-bit input to be
segmented into three regions. The look-up table selection can be made either by variable knee curve or
by direct input.
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 23
Operation
FIGURE 8.
Look-Up Table
LUT #6
LUT #8
LUT #7
255
Knee
Table
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
LUT #9
224
LUT #5
192
LUT #4
LUT #2
LUT #3
160
LUT #0
LUT #1
128
Left Knee Right Knee
(X2, Y2)
(X1, Y1)
84 224 1023 255
56 224 1023 255
80 160 1023 255
60 160 1023 255
40 160 1023 255
96 192 1023 255
48 192 1023 255
112 224 1023 255
Not Available
Not Available
96
64
32
0
128
256
384
512
640
768
896
1023
3.8 Scan Modes
The TM-2016-8 supports the following scan modes:
3.8.1 Full Progressive Scan
Normal scanning mode the TM-2016-8 is for 1920 x 1080 pixels. The standard speed with singlechannel output is 8 frame/sec at the pixel clock of 20 MHz. The progressive scan reads every line from
top to bottom and all lines are obtained per image capturing with electronic shutter.
3.8.2 Two-Row Binning
This is a standard feature in the TM-2016-8. The camera scans two rows together and outputs 1920 (H)
x 540 (V) pixels at 16 frames per second. Two-row binning is typically implemented to increase speed
and to display real-time images on multi-sync monitors.
3.9 External Sync and Pixel Locking
The TM-2016-8 accepts an external sync of standard HD and VD at TTL level for general locking to a
system sync and clock. The external sync is only available for 8-frame mode and the frequency
requirement is as follows:
fHD = 9.09 KHz ±5%
fVD = 8.00 Hz ± 5%
(Internal Master clock = 40.00 MHz,
Pixel clock = 20.00 MHz)
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 24
Operation
3.10 Camera Timing Charts
Operation Mode: 8 frame / sec
Model: TM-2016-8
Master Clock: 40.00 MHz, M= 25 nsec
Pixel Clock: 20.00 MHz, P= 50 nsec
1. Pixel Clock and Digital Data
Pixel Clock
B
Data
Tcd
Tdc
Thd
Tcd: Clock to Data Ready
Tdc: Data Ready to Next Clock
Thd: Data Hold Time
Tcd = 20 nsec, Tdc = 30 nsec, Thd = 12 nsec.
2. Horizontal Signals
fHD = [ 9.09 KHz]
tHD = [ 110 µsec]
External HD
Internal HD
A [ 212P],( 10.6 us)
B [ 1988P], ( 99.4 us)
C [ 2200 P], ( 110 µs)
D [ 280 P], ( 14 µs)
LDV
E [ 1920P], ( 96. µs)
G [ 21 P], ( 1.05 µs)
F [ 2200P], ( 110 µs)
Digital Data
I [ 1920 P], ( 96. µs)
H [ 280 P], ( 14 µs)
Analog Video
N [ 44 P], (2.2 µs)
K [ 1912P], ( 95.6 µs)
J [ 244 P], (12.2 µs)
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
M [ 76 P], ( 3.8 µs)
Page 25
Operation
Model: TM-2016-8
Operation Mode:
Master Clock: 40.0 MHz, M= 25.0 nsec
Pixel Clock: 20.0 MHz, P= 50.0 nsec
8 Frames/Second
Horizontal Frequency: 9.09 KHz
1H = 110 µsec
3. External Reset Timing
External VD
A [ 1125 H], (123.75 msec)
B [7 P], ( 350 ns)
Internal VD
C [ 9 H], ( 990 us)
D [ 1116 H], ( 122.76 ms)
FDV
E [ 1125 H], ( 123.75 ms)
F [ 45 H], ( 4.95ms)
G [ 1080 H], ( 118.80 ms)
H [ 45 H], ( 4.95 ms)
Digital Data
I [ 1080 H], ( 118.80 ms)
K [ 42 H], ( 4.62 ms)
Analog Video
J [3 H], ( 330 µs)
L [ 3 H], ( 330 µs)
M [ 1080 H], (118.80 ms)
N [ 3 H], ( 330 µs)
4. Async Reset Timing
VINIT Trigger
Q: Internal VD shift = 1H + async shutter speed
O [7 P], ( 350 ns)
P [9 H], ( 990 us)
Internal VD
Q [ 1116 H], ( 122.76 ms)
R [ 1125 H], ( 123.75 ms)
S [ 45 H], ( 4.95 ms)
FDV
T [45 H], ( 4.95 ms)
Digital Data
U [ 1080 H], ( 118.80 ms)
V [ 42 H], (4.62 ms)
Analog Video
W [3 H], ( 330 µs)
X [ 3 H], ( 330µs)
Y [1080 H], ( 118.80ms)
Z [ 3H], ( 330 µs)
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 26
Operation
3.10.1 Pixel Clock Locking (optional)*
External Clock
External HD
Internal HD with PLL
PLL jitter
Pixel clock
VCO voltage swing
Pixel clock
For multiple-camera applications such as 2D or 3D measurement, multiple-camera inspection, a parallel
digital data input capability is important. The high resolution and precision measurement requires that
camera data be consistent with each other and free from PLL jitter. This is especially important for
digital output multiplexing. The TM-2016-8 has an optional capability for pixel clock locking. It takes
RS-644 (differential) external clock and H and V reset sync (TTL or RS-644). By doing this, each
camera’s digital data is in-phase with the pixel clock (data clock) for multiplexing or parallel input to a
frame grabber.
3.11 Serial Communication Kit (TM-2016-8)
The TM-2016-8’s functions can be controlled by a PC via RS-232C communication using the CS-232E
serial communication kit. This kit consists of the RS-232B-12 cable, software disk, and quick-start card.
The software disk contains setup files for the graphical user interface (GUI) program. Refer to the
software manual for information on the GUI.
*. Pixel clock locking option not available at time of publishing. Please check with PULNiX for
option availability.
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 27
Troubleshooting
4
Troubleshooting
4.1 Problems and Solutions
Following are troubleshooting tips for common problems. In general, problems can easily be solved by
following these instructions. If the following remedies fail to offer a solution to your problems, please
contact a PULNiX representative.
4.1.1 Symptom: No Video
Remedies: Check that the following are properly connected and operational.
•
Power supplies
•
Power cables
•
Main power source
•
Shutter control
•
Async mode
•
Lens
•
Digital output cable
•
Analog video cable
4.1.2 Symptom: Dark Video
Remedies: Check that the following are properly connected and operational.
•
Shutter selection
•
Iris opening on the lens
4.1.3 Symptom: Non-synchronized Video
Remedies: Check that the following are properly connected and operational.
•
Proper mode output
•
Frame grabber software camera selection
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 28
Troubleshooting
4.2 Information and Support Resources
For further information and support:
Phone:
(408) 747-0300
(800) 445-5444 (24-hour message access)
Fax:
(408) 747-0660
E-mail:
imaging@pulnix.com
Mail:
PULNiX America Inc.
Sales Department
1330 Orleans Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
ATTN: Video Applications
Web Site:
www.pulnix.com
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 29
Appendix
5
Appendix
5.1 Specifications
TABLE 7.
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Product Specifications Table
Model
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL
Imager
1”, 7.4µm x 7.4µm progressive scan interline transfer CCD
Active Pixels
1920 (H) x 1080 (V)
Active Area
15.90 (H) mm x 8.61 (V) mm
Cell size
7.4µm x 7.4µm
Scanning
(active pixels)
1920 x 1080 lines at 8Hz,
1920 x 540 at 16Hz (two-row binning)
Sync
Internal/external auto switch
HD/VD, 4.0 Vp-p impedance 4.7KΩ
HD=9.09kHz±5%
VD=8Hz±5%, non-interlace
Data clock output
20.000 MHz
Resolution
Digital: 1920 (H) x 1080 (V), Analog; over 1200 TV lines (H) x 800 TV lines (V)
S/N ratio
50dB min. (AGC: off)
Min. illumination
2.0 lux f=1.4
Sensitivity: 13µV/ e-
Video output
Analog: 1.0 Vp-p composite video, 75Ω
Digital output: 8-bit RS-644 output (A/D input from CCD: 10-bit)
Camera Link (TM-2016-8CL only)
AGC
OFF
Gamma
Programmable LUT (1.0 std.)
Lens mount
C-mount (use 1” format lenses)
(Adjustable back focus: optional)
Power requirement
12V DC, 440mA (current measured at 25°)
Operating temp.
-10°C to 45°Ca
Random vibration
7 Grms (10Hz to 2000Hz)
Shock
70G
Size (W x H x L)
44mm x 44mm 64mm (1.73” x 1.73” x 2.50”)
Weight
136 grams, 4.8 oz. (141gr, 5.0 oz.: CL version)
MUST BE ORDERED SEPARATELY
Optional Functions
Optional Accessories
I/O
Power supply
Power cable
RS-644 output, adjustable back-focus front end
30DG-02 digital output cable,
CS-232E serial communication kit (TM-2016-8),
26CL-02-26 Camera Link output cable (TM-2016-8CL)
12P-02S
PD-12UU series (includes power connector)
a. Refer to Section 2.2.2 on page 6 for information on camera heat dissipation.
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 30
Appendix
5.1.1 Physical Dimensions
Physical Dimensions (TM-2016-8)
BC DE
A
345
23
78
UP
FG1
2
901
6
FIGURE 9.
45 6
78 9
SHUTTER MODE DOWN
44.0 [1.73]
DIGITAL
1
2
3
22.0 [0.87]
9
8
10
11
7
12
4
6
5
POWER
VIDEO
7.0 [0.28]
15.3 [0.60]
22.0 [0.87]
34.0 [1.34]
44.0 [1.73]
63.6 [2.50]
25.4 [1.00]
76.3 [3.00]
22.0 [.87]
1/4-20
11.0 [0.43]
2X M6
23.0 [0.91]
19.0 [0.75]
2X M3 X 6.0 [0.24]
SOC HD CAP SCR
4X 18.0 [0.71]
FIGURE 10. Physical Dimensions (TM-2016-8CL)
44.0 [1.73]
CAMERA LINK
1
2
3
22.0 [0.87]
9
8
10
11
4
7
12
5
6
POWER
VIDEO
7.0 [0.28]
15.3 [0.60]
22.0 [0.87]
34.0 [1.34]
44.0 [1.73]
63.6 [2.50]
25.4 [1.00]
76.3 [3.00]
22.0 [.87]
11.0 [0.43]
23.0 [0.91]
1/4-20
2X M6
19.0 [0.75]
2X M3 X 6.0 [0.24]
SOC HD CAP SCR
4X 18.0 [0.71]
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 31
Appendix
5.1.2 Spectral Response
FIGURE 11. Spectral Response
0.4
0.35
Absolute Quantum Efficiency
0.3
0.25
0.2
0.15
0.1
0.05
0
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
Wavelength (nm)
800
850
900
950
1000
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page 32
Appendix
TM-2016-8 and TM-2016-8CL Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Imaging Products
PULNiX America, Inc.
1330 Orleans Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Tel: 408-747-0300
Tel: 800-445-5444
Fax: 408-747-0660
Email: imaging@pulnix.com
www.pulnix.com
69-0093
Rev. A
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising