Powertrains - Ford Fleet

Powertrains - Ford Fleet
Powertrains
Truck
2015
Truck Powertrain Summary(1)
Automatic
Transmission
Gasoline Direct-injection
SEFI
Gasoline Direct-injection
SEFI
6R80E
6R80E
6R80E
6R80E
SEFI
6R140
6.7L Power Stroke V8 Turbo Diesel
Direct-injection
TBD
6.2L 16V SOHC FFV V8
6.7L Power Stroke V8 Turbo Diesel
SEFI
Direct-injection
6R140
6R140
Super Duty Chassis Cabs 6.2L 16V SOHC FFV V8
F-350/F-450/F-550
6.7L Power Stroke V8 Turbo Diesel
6.8L 30V SOHC V10
SEFI
Direct-injection
SEFI
6R140
6R140
5R110
Engine
F-150
2.7L EcoBoost 24V DOHC V6
3.5L Ti-VCT 24V DOHC V6
3.5L EcoBoost 24V DOHC V6
5.0L Ti-VCT 32V DOHC V8
2016 F-650/F-750
6.8L 30V SOHC V10
2016 F-650/F-750
Super Duty Pickups
F-250/F-350/F-450
Transit
3.2L Power Stroke I-5 Diesel
3.5L EcoBoost 24V DOHC V6 with Ti-VCT
3.7L Ti-VCT 24V DOHC FFV V6
Direct-injection
Gasoline Direct-injection
SEFI
6R80
6R80
6R80
Transit Connect
1.6L EcoBoost 16V DOHC I-4
2.5L iVCT 16V DOHC I-4
Gasoline Direct-injection
SEFI
6F35
6F35
Truck
Powertrains
Fuel Delivery System
Vehicle
(1)See Ordering Guide for specific applications and availability.
(2)Sequential multiport electronic fuel injection.
October 2014
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2015
Powertrains
Truck
Truck Engines
1.6L EcoBoost 16V DOHC I-4 (Transit Connect)
Truck
Powertrains
• Optional on Van XL and XLT
Specifications
• Optional on Wagon XLT with SWB only
Type
16V DOHC I-4
• 6-speed SelectShift automatic transmission
is standard
Displacement
1.6L (97.4 CID)
Horsepower (SAE net) 178 @ 5700 rpm(1)
Key Features and Benefits
Torque
184 lb.-ft. @ 2500 rpm
• Delivers a broad, flat torque curve with maximum
torque through the powerband for sustained
acceleration
• Twin independent variable camshaft timing (Ti-VCT)
on both the intake and exhaust cams is continuously
adjusted to keep the engine running at maximum
efficiency as the engine speed and torque change
Compression Ratio
10.0:1
Bore and Stroke (in.)
3.11 x 3.20
• Dual overhead camshaft (DOHC), lightweight
aluminum cylinder heads with 4 valves per cylinder
• Aluminum engine block and cylinder heads help
reduce weight to aid fuel economy
• Low-noise camshaft belt drive system contributes to
reduced NVH and improved durability
• Gasoline direct-injection. See the Engineering Insight
on page 2–51
• Single turbocharger. See the Engineering Insight on
page 2–51
Engine Block Material Aluminum
Cylinder Head Material Aluminum
Main Bearings
5
Valve Lifters
Direct-acting mechanical bucket
Fuel Delivery
Gasoline direct-injection
Fuel (minimum)
87-octane regular unleaded,
91+-octane recommended
(1) Using 93-octane fuel.
• Intercooler to reduce incoming air temperature
• Intelligent Oil-Life Monitor uses actual engine and
vehicle operating conditions to calculate oil change
service intervals of up to 1 year or 10,000 miles; see the
vehicle owner manual for maintenance details
• Aggressive deceleration fuel shutoff (ADFSO).
See the Engineering Insight on page 2–58
• Smart charging alternator. See the Engineering
Insight on page 2–58
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RE&T: 2015 Source Book
October 2014
Powertrains
Truck
2015
Truck Engines cont’d
1.6L EcoBoost 16V DOHC I-4 (Transit Connect) cont’d
ENGINEERING INSIGHT
ENGINEERING INSIGHT
EcoBoost Turbocharger
EcoBoost Gasoline Direct-injection
How It Works
• Fuel is injected directly into the combustion
chamber of each cylinder by solenoid-controlled
high-pressure injectors, compared to traditional
fuel delivery where fuel is mixed with intake air
prior to entering the chamber
– Fuel is pumped from the tank to the engine
compartment at a normal pressure of around
200 psi
– A camshaft-driven high-pressure fuel pump
increases fuel presssures of up to 2150 psi,
depending on the demands of the engine
• Direct-injection fuel injectors are located inside the
combustion chamber
• Each injector delivers a precise fuel spray into each
cylinder, allowing a higher compression ratio, to
help improve engine performance and reduce fuel
consumption
• An electronic control system varies the timing
and intensity of the fuel delivery according to the
engine’s operating conditions
What It Is
• A turbocharger uses otherwise wasted energy from
the engine’s exhaust to rotate a turbine wheel
How It Works
• The turbine wheel is coupled to a compressor
that pressurizes air coming into the engine — this
is called “boost” and allows the engine to breathe
in air as if it were larger in displacement since
more air is “forced” into the intake
Truck
Powertrains
What It Is
• The key technology behind the performance
capability and efficiency of the EcoBoost engines
• The more air an engine breathes, the more power
it generates
Key Benefits
• Compact design and low NVH (noise, vibration
and harshness) characteristics
• Drivers will feel an immediate response when
they step on the accelerator
• Broad, flat torque curve
• The turbocharger has been “rightsized” for power
and efficiency
Key Benefits
• Precise control of the fuel provides:
– Increased protection against engine knock/
detonation to help allow for improved
performance and excellent transient response
–Great balance of performance and fuel
economy
October 2014
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2015
Powertrains
Truck
Truck Engines cont’d
2.5L iVCT 16V DOHC I-4 (Transit Connect)
• Standard on all models
Truck
Powertrains
• 6-speed SelectShift automatic transmission
is standard
Key Features and Benefits
• Provides power-on-demand for strong off-the-line
performance and midrange acceleration
• Intake variable camshaft timing (iVCT) allows the
intake camshaft to alter the opening and closing
events of the intake valves, based on engine speed
and load. Timing is adjusted to provide enhanced
performance and/or fuel economy, depending on the
operating point of the engine
• Intake manifold volume enhanced relative to engine
displacement to provide enhanced throttle response
• Dual overhead camshaft (DOHC) design helps
improve engine breathing and performance by using
4 valves per cylinder
• Aluminum cylinder head with 4-valves-per-cylinder
structure
Specifications
Type
4-cylinder, in-line dual overhead
camshaft, 16-valve
Displacement
2.5L (152 CID)
Horsepower (SAE net)
169 @ 6000 rpm
Torque
171 lb.-ft. @ 4500 rpm
Compression Ratio
9.7:1
Bore and Stroke (in.)
3.50 x 3.94
Engine Block Material
Aluminum
Cylinder Head Material
Aluminum
Main Bearings
5
Valve Lifters
Mechanical non-hydraulic buckettype system
Fuel Delivery
Sequential multiport electronic
fuel injection
Fuel (minimum)
87-octane regular unleaded
–Intake ports designed to enhance airflow and fuel/
air mixing for efficient internal combustion at light
loads
–Exhaust ports improve flow and help contribute to
low emissions
• Exhaust manifold designed for enhanced flow for
better performance
• Balance shaft helps lessen engine vibration for
V6-like smooth performance
• Aggressive deceleration fuel shutoff (ADFSO). See the
Engineering Insight on page 2–58
• Smart charging alternator. See Engineering Insight
on page 2–58
• Fail-Safe Engine Cooling System. See the
Engineering Insight on page 2–57
• Sequential multiport electronic fuel injection
enhances the fuel delivery system by providing
fuel at precisely the right moment for enhanced
performance
• Intelligent Oil-Life Monitor uses actual engine and
vehicle operating conditions to calculate oil change
service intervals of up to 1 year or 10,000 miles; see
the vehicle owner manual for maintenance details
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RE&T: 2015 Source Book
October 2014
Powertrains
Truck
2015
Truck Engines cont’d
2.7L EcoBoost 24V DOHC V6 (F-150)
Key Features and Benefits
• Calibrated specifically for truck applications
• All-new engine logic adjusts operating parameters
on the fly to provide enhanced efficiency and
performance
• Auto Start-Stop feature automatically shuts down
the engine when the vehicle has stopped (except
when towing or in 4WD)
• Lightweight compact design helps deliver an
impressive combination of power and efficiency
• Compacted graphite iron (CGI)/aluminum block
saves weight while providing strength
– Same material used in the Ford 6.7L Power Stroke
V8 turbo diesel engine
• First use of fracture split main-bearing caps,
which create a superior fit between the cap and
engine block for reduced crankshaft friction to help
enhance efficiency
• All-new aluminum cylinder heads feature watercooled integrated exhaust manifolds
• Reverse cooling system helps lower the exhaust
temperature at the turbochargers, contributing to
more power
• Variable displacement oil pump reduces internal
engine friction to enhance fuel efficiency
–Precisely controls the amount of oil delivered
during all driving conditions
• Intake and exhaust variable cam timing improves
torque while helping lower emissions
• Lightweight, durable composite intake manifold
• Piston-cooling jets help improve oil warm-up and
maintain cooler piston temperatures for improved
durability
• Piston connecting rods use an offset I-beam
that provides strength to manage peak engine
power levels while reducing weight for better
responsiveness
• Cartridge-style oil filter integrated into top of the
engine for easy service
October 2014
Specifications
Type
6-cylinder V6, dual overhead
cam shaft, 24-valve with Ti-VCT
EcoBoost
Displacement
2.7L (164 CID)
Horsepower (SAE net)
325 @ 5750 rpm(1)(2)
Torque
375 lb.-ft. @ 3000 rpm(1)
Compression Ratio
10.0:1
Bore and Stroke (in.)
3.27 x 3.27
Engine Block Material
CGI/Aluminum
Cylinder Head Material
Aluminum
Main Bearings
4
Valve Lifters
Roller finger follower
Fuel Delivery
DIrect-injection
Fuel (minimum)
87-octane regular unleaded
Truck
Powertrains
• XL and XLT
– Standard on 4x2 with 157" or 163" WB
– Optional on 4x2/4x4 with 122", 141" or 145" WB
– Not available on 4x4 with 157" or 163" WB
•Lariat
– Standard on 4x2/4x4 145" WB (500A and 501A)
– Standard on 4x2 with 157" or 163" WB
– Not available on 4x4 with 157" or 163" WB
• 6-speed automatic with tow/haul mode, SelectShift
capability and Progressive Range Select are standard
(1) Ford preliminary data. Numbers may change in future.
(2) Using 91-octane fuel.
• Parallel twin turbochargers. See the Engineering
Insight on page 2–58
• Cast-iron camshafts
• Twin independent variable camshaft timing
(Ti-VCT) on both the intake and exhaust cams is
continuously adjusted to keep the engine running
at maximum efficiency as the engine speed and
torque change, helping enhance fuel economy and
performance
• Gasoline direct-injection. See the Engineering
Insight on page 2–51
• Smart charging alternator. See the Engineering
Insight on page 2–58
• Aggressive deceleration fuel shutoff (ADFSO). See
the Engineering Insight on page 2–58
• Fail-Safe Engine Cooling System. See the
Engineering Insight on page 2–57
• Electronic throttle control (ETC) helps deliver
seamless and consistent engine response
• Intelligent Oil-Life Monitor uses actual engine and
vehicle operating conditions to calculate oil change
service intervals of up to 1 year or 10,000 miles; see
the vehicle owner manual for maintenance details
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2015
Powertrains
Truck
Truck Engines cont’d
3.2L Power Stroke I-5 Turbo Diesel (Transit)
Truck
Powertrains
• Optional on all models; not available on Transit-150
Wagon or Transit-350 LWB Van
Specifications
Type
• 6-speed automatic transmission with SelectShift
capability is standard
Diesel, Inline 5-cylinder, dual
overhead camshaft, 20-valve
Displacement
3.2L (195 CID)
Key Features and Benefits
Horsepower (SAE net)
185 @ 3000 rpm
Torque
350 lb.-ft. @ 1500-2500 rpm
–B20 is a blend of 20% biodiesel and 80%
petroleum-based fuel
Compression Ratio
15.8:1
–Biodiesel is safe to handle, biodegradable
and produces less air pollutants than 100%
petroleum-based diesel fuel
Bore and Stroke (in.)
3.54 x 3.96
Engine Block Material
Cast Iron
Cylinder Head Material
Aluminum
• Durable, rigid sand-cast gray iron cylinder block
Main Bearings
TBD
• Aluminum cylinder head with dual overhead cams
and 4 valves per cylinder
Valve Lifters
TBD
Fuel Delivery
High-pressure common-rail
Fuel (minimum)
ULSD Diesel, B20 biodiesel
(20% of less biodiesel)
• Capable of operating on B20 biodiesel fuel
• Cast-aluminum, low-friction coated pistons with
piston-cooling jets
–Piston-cooling oil jets help improve oil warmup and maintain cooler piston temperatures for
improved fuel economy and durability
• Engine-hour meter
• Cast-iron crankshaft, forged connecting rods and
aluminum alloy bearings
• Organic Acid Technology (OAT) orange engine
coolant. See the Engineering Insight on page 2–62
• Water-cooled high-performance electric-controlled
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) valve
• Intelligent Oil-Life Monitor uses actual engine and
vehicle operating conditions to calculate oil change
service intervals of up to 1 year or 10,000 miles; see
the vehicle owner manual for maintenance details
• Variable nozzle turbocharger with electronic
actuation
• Integrated diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) and
diesel particulate filter (DPF) help save space
• Cast ductile iron exhaust manifold for heavy-duty
operation and durability
• High-pressure common-rail fuel injection
–Utilizes piezo injector technology to deliver fuel at
26,100 psi
–Delivers up to 5 fuel injections per combustion
cycle for excellent throttle response, fuel
efficiency and NVH characteristics
–Delivers quiet operation throughout the entire rpm
range (similar to gasoline-engine noise levels)
–Helps the Power Stroke I-5 meet the latest diesel
emissions standards
• Quick-start glow plugs help provide smooth and
fast engine starts, even in extremely cold conditions
• Injection-molded and friction-welded polyamide
intake manifold and electronic throttle body
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October 2014
Powertrains
Truck
2015
Truck Engines cont’d
3.2L Power Stroke I-5 Turbo Diesel
(Transit) cont’d
Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC)
• The first step in the exhaust aftertreatment
process and could be referred to as the cleaning and
heating step
• Converts and oxidizes hydrocarbons into water and
carbon dioxide
• Provides and promotes heat into the exhaust
system to help increase the conversion efficiency
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF)
• A solution comprised of 32.5% high-purity urea and
67.5% demineralized water
• The urea in the solution breaks down into ammonia
when injected into the exhaust stream
• DEF is clear, nontoxic and safe to handle
• Stored in a 5-gallon reservoir tank located near the
fuel tank
–DEF tank, supply module and supply line are
heated to help prevent the freezing of DEF and
keep it in a liquid state
– DEF tank includes temperature and fluid level
sensors
• DEF tank fill is located next to the diesel fuel filler
• DEF is widely available in 1- and 2.5-gallon bottles
Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR)
• The second step in the exhaust aftertreatment
process, primarily where NOx is removed from the
exhaust stream
• Located between the DOC and the DPF in the
exhaust system
• Uses a liquid chemical reactant, diesel exhaust
fluid (DEF)
• DEF dosing module sprays a fine mist of DEF into
the exhaust stream to react with the NOx in the
exhaust as it passes through the SCR catalyst
– When heated, DEF splits into ammonia and
carbon dioxide
October 2014
Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)
• The last step in the exhaust aftertreatment process
and designed to scrub any remaining soot from the
exhaust
– Soot can be described as the black smoke seen in
diesel exhaust
• Located in the exhaust system, after the SCR
• Periodically cleans itself through a process known
as “regeneration,” which is similar to a small
incinerator burning off trapped particulates
– Passive regeneration naturally burns off soot
when exhaust temperatures are high enough
– Active regeneration (forced burn-off) occurs as
needed, depending on operational use
NOTE: For more specific information about the
regeneration process, please refer to the Maintenance
and Specifications section of the Diesel Engine
Supplement.
Truck
Powertrains
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR)
• Recycles combustion gases in the exhaust system
as the first defense against NOx
• A two-step cooling process allows the EGR to
recycle exhaust gases into the intake at a much
lower temperature
• A cooler temperature means a higher efficiency in
recycling the exhaust gases and less oxygen in the mix
• Less oxygen helps reduce the formation of NOx in
the exhaust
• These molecules are atomized and vaporized and
evenly distributed into the exhaust flow
• Once the DEF solution is combined with the exhaust
flow, chemical reactions convert the ammonia and
NOx into water and harmless nitrogen
Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel (ULSD) Fuel
• ULSD fuel MUST be used in the 3.2L Power Stroke
diesel engine to allow the emissions control system,
including the diesel particulate filter (DPF), to
operate properly
• ULSD fuel may be used in pre-2007 diesel engines
• Sulfur level reduced by 97% compared to
conventional diesel from maximum of 500 parts per
million (ppm) to 15 ppm
Diesel Engine Oil Requirement
• Oil that meets American Petroleum Institute (API)
service category
• Motorcraft SAE 5W-40 Super Duty Diesel Motor
Oil XO-5W-40-QSD is required for the 3.2L Power
Stroke diesel engine to operate properly and must
be used to keep the engine warranty in effect
• For severe duty service and the use of biodiesel fuel
(B6-B20), use SAE 5W-40 API CJ-4
• Refer to the owner manual for more information
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2015
Powertrains
Truck
Truck Engines cont’d
3.5L Ti-VCT 24V DOHC V6 (F-150)
Car
Powertrains
• Standard on XL and XLT 4x2/4x4; not available with
157" or 163" WB
Specifications
Type
• 6-speed automatic transmission with tow/haul
mode is standard with this engine
6-cylinder, 60° V6, dual
overhead camshaft, 24-valve
Displacement
3.5L (213 CID)
Key Features and Benefits
Horsepower (SAE net)
282 @ 6250 rpm(1)
Torque
253 lb.-ft. @ 4250 rpm(1)
• Twin independent variable camshaft timing (Ti-VCT)
on both the intake and exhaust cams is continuously
adjusted to keep the engine running at maximum
efficiency as the engine speed and torque change,
helping enhance fuel economy and performance
Compression Ratio
10.8:1
Bore and Stroke (in.)
3.64 x 3.45
Engine Block Material
Aluminum
Cylinder Head Material
Aluminum
• Strong, lightweight die-cast aluminum block
Main Bearings
4
Valve Lifters
Direct-acting mechanical bucket
Fuel Delivery
Sequential multiport electronic
fuel injection
Fuel (minimum)
87-octane regular unleaded/
E85
• Flex-fuel (E85) capable. See the Engineering Insight
• Lightweight aluminum cylinder heads have 4 valves
per cylinder to help improve performance
• Intake was designed as a system, all the way from air
inlet to the intake valves, to create enhanced flow for
peak power and to broaden the torque curve
• Forged-steel, fully counterweighted crankshaft for
strength and durability
(1) Ford preliminary data. Numbers may change in the future.
• High-temperature alloy, cast aluminum pistons with
low-friction coating
• Smart charging alternator. See the Engineering
Insight on page 2–58
• Aggressive deceleration fuel shutoff (ADFSO). See
the Engineering Insight on page 2–58
• Fail-Safe Engine Cooling System. See the
Engineering Insight on page 2–57
• Low-maintenance spark plugs are rated for 100,000
miles of use under normal driving conditions
• Intelligent Oil-Life Monitor uses actual engine and
vehicle operating conditions to calculate oil change
service intervals of up to 1 year or 10,000 miles; see
the vehicle owner manual for maintenance details
ENGINEERING INSIGHT
Flex-fuel (E85) Capability
What It Is
• A feature that allows an engine to operate on
E85 fuel — a blend of 85% ethanol fuel and
15% unleaded gasoline
How It Works
• Engine can run on E85 fuel, regular unleaded
gasoline or any combination of the two in the
same fuel tank
• The blend of fuel(s) is detected by electronic
sensors
• The resulting blend is burned in the combustion
chamber as fuel injection and spark timing are
adjusted automatically
Key Benefit
• Made from renewable resources
• Lower emission of greenhouse gases
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RE&T: 2015 Source Book
October 2014
Powertrains
Truck
2015
Truck Engines cont’d
3.5L EcoBoost 24V DOHC V6 (F-150)
• Optional on all models; not available with the 122"
WB
• 6-speed automatic transmission with SelectShift
capability is standard with this engine
Type
6-cylinder, dual overhead camshaft,
24-valve with Ti-VCT, EcoBoost
Displacement
3.5L (213 CID)
Horsepower (SAE net)
365 @ 5000 rpm
Torque
420 @ 2500 rpm
Compression Ratio
10.0:1
Bore and Stroke (in.)
3.64 x 3.45
Engine Block Material
Aluminum
Cylinder Head Material
Aluminum
Main Bearings
4
Valve Lifters
Direct-acting mechanical bucket
Fuel Delivery
Direct-injection
Fuel (minimum)
87-octane regular unleaded
Truck
Powertrains
Key Features and Benefits
• 90% of peak torque is available from 1700 to 5000
engine rpm
• Dual overhead camshaft (DOHC), lightweight
aluminum cylinder heads with 4 valves per cylinder
and direct-acting mechanical valvetrain
• Die-cast aluminum engine block is strong, yet
lightweight
• Piston-cooling jets help improve oil warm-up and
maintain cooler piston temperatures for enhanced
efficiency and durability
• Forged-steel, fully counterweighted crankshaft for
strength and durability
• Gasoline direct-injection. See the Engineering Insight
on page 2–51
• Parallel twin turbochargers. See the Engineering
Insight on page 2–58
• Aggressive deceleration fuel shutoff (ADFSO). See
the Engineering Insight on page 2–58
• Smart charging alternator. See the Engineering
Insight on page 2–58
• Fail-Safe Engine Cooling System. See the
Engineering Insight on page 2–57
• Electronic throttle control (ETC) helps deliver
seamless and consistent engine response
• Intelligent Oil-Life Monitor uses actual engine and
vehicle operating conditions to calculate oil change
service intervals of up to 1 year or 10,000 miles; see
the vehicle owner manual for maintenance details
Specifications
Truck-specific Features
• Twin independent variable camshaft timing (Ti-VCT)
on both the intake and exhaust cams is continuously
adjusted to keep the engine running at maximum
efficiency as the engine speed and torque change,
helping enhance fuel economy and performance
• Intake and exhaust camshafts enhanced for fuel
economy and performance
• Cast exhaust manifolds for heavy-duty operation
and durability
• Enhanced torque capability and durability
• Cooling system enhanced for engine coolant flow
ENGINEERING INSIGHT
Fail-Safe Engine Cooling System
What It Is
• A feature designed to help protect the engine from potential damage due to loss of coolant
How It Works
• If the engine overheats, the engine will switch from normal all-cylinder operation to alternating cylinder operation
• The non-powered cylinders act as air pumps to help cool the powered cylinders
• The vehicle will continue to operate, but with limited engine power
• Driving distance is limited by a number of factors including vehicle load, outside temperature and road conditions
Key Benefit
• Allows the driver to travel a short distance to obtain service or reach a service facility
October 2014
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2-57
2015
Powertrains
Truck
Truck Engines cont’d
3.5L EcoBoost 24V DOHC V6 (F-150) cont’d
ENGINEERING INSIGHT
ENGINEERING INSIGHT
EcoBoost Twin Turbochargers
Aggressive Deceleration Fuel Shutoff (ADFSO)
Truck
Powertrains
What It Is
• A turbocharger uses otherwise wasted energy from
the engine’s exhaust to rotate a turbine wheel
How It Works
• The turbine wheel is coupled to a compressor that
pressurizes air coming into the engine — this is
called “boost” and allows the engine to breathe in
air as if it were larger in displacement since more
air is “forced” into the intake
• The more air an engine breathes, the more power
it generates
Key Benefits
• Compact design and low NVH (noise, vibration
and harshness) characteristics
• Less engine compartment heat
• Turbo lag is virtually eliminated — the turbos will
spool up faster than a single-turbo engine and
allow the 3.5 EcoBoost V6 to reach peak power
faster than a single-turbo design
• Drivers will feel an immediate response when they
step on the accelerator
What It Is
• A feature which temporarily interrupts fuel
delivery and consumption when the vehicle
normally slows down while maintaining normal
engine operation
How It Works
• Uses the transmission to keep the engine
running at low, more fuel-efficient operating
level whenever possible
• Normal fuel delivery resumes when the
vehicle reaches a low speed or when the driver
accelerates
Key Benefits
• Excellent driveability is maintained by Ford
proprietary software that integrates this
technology with powertrain operation
• Is automatic and requires no interaction from
the driver
• Helps maximize fuel economy
ENGINEERING INSIGHT
Smart Charging Alternator
What Smart Charging Is
• A standard feature
that controls charging
system voltage during
vehicle acceleration and
deceleration, helping to
enhance fuel efficiency
2-58
Key Benefit
How It Works
• An alternator provides charging (current) via a pulley
• Helps the engine
and belt operated by the engine. To create current, a
consume less fuel
mechanical load is exerted onto the belt and felt by
the engine. The more current there is, the more torque
is applied
• Smart charging decreases alternator output during
vehicle acceleration and increases output during vehicle
braking or deceleration
–Since there is no additional engine accessory belt
load to energize the battery, less fuel is used by
the engine
• By controlling voltage during acceleration and braking
or deceleration, efficiency is increased
• Communicates with the ADFSO (aggressive
deceleration fuel shutoff) system to ensure the battery
is being adequately charged
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October 2014
Powertrains
Truck
2015
Truck Engines cont’d
3.5L EcoBoost 24V DOHC V6 (F-150) cont’d
ENGINEERING INSIGHT
The Intercooler
The intercooler works on the same principle as the cooling system radiator. In this case it’s warm air inside
the intercooler being cooled by outside air passing over the fins and tubes rather than warm water inside
the radiator being cooled by the outside airstream. In both cases, trying to maintain the optimum operating
temperature is the goal, resulting in enhanced efficiency.
3.5L EcoBoost 24V DOHC V6 with Ti-VCT
(Transit)
Specifications
• Standard on all DRW Van and Wagon models
• Optional on all SRW Van and Wagon models
• 6-speed automatic transmission with SelectShift
capability is standard
Type
6-cylinder V6, dual overhead
camshaft, 24-valve
Displacement
3.5L (213 CID)
Horsepower (SAE net)
310 @ 5500 rpm(1)
Key Features and Benefits
• Dual overhead camshaft (DOHC), lightweight
aluminum cylinder heads with 4 valves per cylinder
and direct-acting mechanical valvetrain enhances
engine breathing
• Die-cast aluminum engine block is strong, yet
lightweight
• Piston-cooling jets help improve oil warm-up and
maintain cooler piston temperatures for enhanced
efficiency and durability
• Forged-steel, fully counterweighted crankshaft for
strength and durability
• Gasoline direct-injection. See the Engineering
Insight on page 2–51
• Parallel twin turbochargers. See the Engineering
Insight on page 2–58
• Aggressive deceleration fuel shutoff (ADFSO). See
the Engineering Insight on page 2–58
• Smart charging alternator. See the Engineering
Insight on page 2–58
• Fail-Safe Engine Cooling System. See the
Engineering Insight on page 2–57
• Electronic throttle control (ETC) helps deliver
seamless and consistent engine response
• Intelligent Oil-Life Monitor uses actual engine and
vehicle operating conditions to calculate oil change
service intervals of up to 1 year or 10,000 miles; see
the vehicle owner manual for maintenance details
Torque
400 lb.-ft. @ 2500 rpm
Compression Ratio
10.0:1
Bore and Stroke (in.)
3.64 x 3.41
Engine Block Material
Aluminum
Cylinder Head Material
Aluminum
Main Bearings
4
Valve Lifters
Direct-acting mechanical bucket
Fuel Delivery
Direct-injection
Fuel (minimum)
87-octane regular unleaded
October 2014
Truck
Powertrains
The intercooler is designed to remove some of the heat generated by the action of the twin turbochargers
compressing the incoming air charge prior to entering the engine intake system. The intercooler is typically
located at the front of the vehicle within the airstream so that ambient air can flow over the outer places and
fins, helping cool the charge air inside the intercooler. This action generates a cooler, dense intake charge and
increases the ability of the engine to produce torque and horsepower as well as promotes more thorough
combustion with reduced emissions.
(1) Using 93-octane fuel.
Truck-specific Features
• Twin independent variable camshaft timing
(Ti-VCT) on both the intake and exhaust cams is
continuously adjusted to keep the engine running
at maximum efficiency as the engine speed and
torque change, helping enhance fuel economy and
performance
• Intake and exhaust camshafts enhanced for fuel
economy and improved performance
• Cast exhaust manifolds for heavy-duty operation
and durability
• Enhanced cooling system helps improve engine
coolant flow
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RE&T: 2015 Source Book
2-59
2015
Powertrains
Truck
Truck Engines cont’d
3.7L Ti-VCT 24V DOHC FFV V6 (Transit)
Specifications
• Standard on all SRW models
Type
6-cylinder, dual overhead camshaft,
24-valve with Ti-VCT
Displacement
3.7L (226 CID)
Horsepower (SAE net)
275 @ 6000 rpm
Torque
260 lb.-ft. @ 4000 rpm
Compression Ratio
10.5:1
Bore and Stroke (in.)
3.76 x 3.41
Engine Block Material
Aluminum
Cylinder Head Material
Aluminum
• Strong, yet lightweight die-cast aluminum block
Main Bearings
4
• Dual overhead camshaft (DOHC), lightweight
aluminum cylinder heads with 4 valves per cylinder
Valve Lifters
Direct-acting mechanical bucket
Fuel Delivery
Sequential multiport electronic
fuel injection
Fuel (minimum)
87-octane regular unleaded/E85
Truck
Powertrains
• 6-speed automatic transmission with SelectShift
capability is standard
Key Features and Benefits
• Flex-fuel (E85) capable. See the Engineering Insight
on page 2-56
• Twin independent variable camshaft timing
(Ti-VCT) on both the intake and exhaust cams is
continuously adjusted to keep the engine running
at maximum efficiency as the engine speed and
torque change, helping enhance fuel economy and
performance
• Aluminum engine block and cylinder heads help to
reduce weight to aid fuel efficiency
• Piston-cooling oil jets help improve oil warmup and cooling, and help maintain cooler piston
temperatures
• Forged-steel, fully counterweighted crankshaft for
strength and durability
• Smart charging alternator. See the Engineering
Insight on page 2–58
• Aggressive deceleration fuel shutoff (ADFSO). See
the Engineering Insight on page 2–58
• Fail-Safe Engine Cooling System. See the
Engineering Insight on page 2–57
• Electronic throttle control (ETC) helps deliver
seamless and consistent engine response
• Intelligent Oil-Life Monitor uses actual engine and
vehicle operating conditions to calculate oil change
service intervals of up to 1 year or 10,000 miles; see
the vehicle owner manual for maintenance details
2-60
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RE&T: 2015 Source Book
October 2014
Powertrains
Truck
2015
Truck Engines cont’d
5.0L Ti-VCT 32V DOHC V8 (F-150)
–Standard on 4x4 with 157" or 163" WB (500A
and 501A)
–Standard on 4x2/4x4 with 145" or 157" WB (502A)
–Optional on 4x2/4x4 with 145" WB (300A and 301A)
–Optional on 4x2 with 157" or 163" WB (300A
and 301A)
• Standard on all King Ranch and Platinum models
• 6-speed automatic transmission with tow/haul mode,
SelectShift capability and Progressive Range Select
are standard with this engine
Key Features and Benefits
• Flex-fuel (E85) capable. See the Engineering Insight
on page 2–56
• Combination of features and technologies helps
provide outstanding performance
• Twin independent variable camshaft timing (Ti-VCT)
on both the intake and exhaust cams is continuously
adjusted to keep the engine running at maximum
efficiency as the engine speed and torque change,
helping enhance fuel economy and performance
• Strong, yet lightweight die-cast aluminum block
• Dual overhead camshaft (DOHC), lightweight
aluminum cylinder heads with 4 valves per cylinder
• Aluminum engine block and cylinder heads help to
reduce weight to aid fuel efficiency
• Forged-steel, fully counterweighted crankshaft for
strength and durability
• Smart charging alternator. See the Engineering Insight
on page 2–58
Specifications
Type
8-cylinder, dual overhead
camshaft, 32-valve with Ti-VCT
Displacement
5.0L (302 CID)
Horsepower (SAE net)
385 @ 5750 rpm
Torque
387 @ 3850 rpm
Compression Ratio
10.5:1
Bore and Stroke (in.)
3.63 x 3.65
Engine Block Material
Aluminum
Cylinder Head Material
Aluminum
Main Bearings
4
Valve Lifters
Roller finger follower
Fuel Delivery
Sequential multiport electronic
fuel injection
Fuel (minimum)
87-octane regular unleaded/E85
Truck
Powertrains
•XL
–Standard on 4x4 with 157" or 163" WB
–Optional on 4x2 with 157" or 163" WB
–Optional on 4x2/4x4 with 122", 141" or 145" WB
•XLT
–Standard on 4x4 with 157" or 163" WB
–Optional on 4x2/4x4 with 122" or 141" WB (300A
and 301A)
–Optional on 4x2/4x4 with 145" WB
–Optional on 4x2 with 157" or 163" WB
•Lariat
• Electronic throttle control (ETC) helps deliver
seamless and consistent engine response
• Intelligent Oil-Life Monitor uses actual engine and
vehicle operating conditions to calculate oil change
service intervals of up to 1 year or 10,000 miles; see the
vehicle owner manual for maintenance details
Truck-specific Features
• New mid-lock variable cam timing enhances fuel
economy while maintaining tow-friendly torque
• Cast-iron exhaust manifolds for heavy-duty operation
and durability
• 10.5:1 compression ratio for improved low-speed
torque and towing capability
• Aggressive deceleration fuel shutoff (ADFSO). See the
Engineering Insight on page 2–58
• Fail-Safe Engine Cooling System. See the Engineering
Insight on page 2–57
October 2014
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RE&T: 2015 Source Book
2-61
2015
Powertrains
Truck
Truck Engines cont’d
Truck
Powertrains
6.2L 16V SOHC FFV V8 (Super Duty Pickups
and Chassis Cabs)
• Standard on Super Duty Pickups F-250/F-350,
all models
• Standard on Super Duty Chassis Cabs F-350,
all models
• Heavy-duty TorqShift 6-speed SelectShift
automatic transmission is standard on Super Duty
Pickups
• Heavy-duty TorqShift 6-speed SelectShift
automatic transmission with tow/haul mode is
standard on Super Duty Chassis Cabs F-350 with
this engine
Key Features and Benefits
• Flex-fuel (E85)-capable. See the Engineering
Insight on page 2–56
• Large-bore architecture
– Helps improve engine breathing with larger intake
and exhaust valves
– Allows for a shorter stroke design for faster
engine speeds (higher engine rpm) and increased
horsepower
• Single overhead camshaft (SOHC) valvetrain with
roller-rocker shafts allows for enhanced camshaft
design to help provide low-speed torque delivery
• SOHC valvetrain enhances intake and exhaust port
layout and helps improve engine breathing
• Dual-equal variable camshaft timing enhances
the opening and closing of the intake and exhaust
valves during the combustion cycle for a balance of
power, fuel efficiency and emissions
• Two spark plugs per cylinder
– Help efficiently burn the air/fuel mixture in each
cylinder to help increase torque delivery and fuel
efficiency
– Help maintain a smooth idle quality
• Dual knock sensors
– Allow the spark timing of each cylinder to be
enhanced in real time throughout the engine
speed range
• Efficient engine crankcase breathing helps improve
torque capability at higher engine speeds
• Piston cooling jets help improve oil warm-up and
maintain cooler piston temperatures for improved
durability, especially under heavy-duty operating
conditions
• Organic Acid Technology (OAT) orange engine
coolant. See the Engineering Insight
• Fail-Safe Engine Cooling System. See the
Engineering Insight on page 2–57
• Electronic throttle control (ETC) helps deliver
seamless and consistent engine response
• Oil-Life Minder displays the remaining oil-life in the
instrument cluster message center
2-62
Specifications
Type
8-cylinder, single overhead
camshaft, 16-valve
Displacement
6.2L (379 CID)
Horsepower (SAE net)
385 @ 5500 rpm
(under 10,000 lbs. GVWR)
316 @ 4179 rpm
(over 10,001 lbs. GVWR)
Torque
405 lb.-ft. @ 4500 rpm
(under 10,000 lbs. GVWR)
397 lb.-ft. @ 4179 rpm
(over 10,001 lbs. GVWR)
Compression Ratio
9.8:1
Bore and Stroke (in.)
4.02 x 3.74
Engine Block Material
Cast iron
Cylinder Head Material
Aluminum
Main Bearings
5
Valve Lifters
Hydraulic lash adjusters
Fuel Delivery
Sequential multiport electronic
fuel injection
Fuel (minimum)
87-octane regular unleaded/E85
ENGINEERING INSIGHT
Organic Acid Technology (OAT) Engine Coolant
Customers should know Super Duty vehicles
(gasoline engine and diesel engine equipped)
feature Organic Acid Technology (OAT) engine
coolant. The most obvious trait of the engine
coolant is the orange color, but there are key
maintenance items the customer should be made
aware of:
• OAT coolant should be replenished at 105,000
miles, under normal operating conditions
• Antifreeze and anti-corrosion protection of the
coolant should be tested and the hoses should
be inspected every 15,000 miles
• Mixing any other traditional engine coolants will
greatly reduce the operating characteristics of
the OAT engine coolant or may cause engine
damage that could jeopardize provisions of the
engine warranty
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RE&T: 2015 Source Book
October 2014
Powertrains
Truck
2015
Truck Engines cont’d
6.7L Power Stroke V8 Turbo Diesel (Super Duty
Pickups and Chassis Cabs, including
2016 F-650/F-750)
Key Features and Benefits
• The cleanest Power Stroke diesel engine ever
• Capable of operating on B20 biodiesel fuel
–B20 is a blend of 20% biodiesel and 80%
petroleum-based fuel
– Biodiesel is safe to handle, biodegradable and
produces less air pollutants than 100% petroleumbased diesel fuel
• Compacted graphite iron (CGI) deep-skirt engine block
and aluminum cylinder heads help reduce weight while
maintaining maximum strength for the horsepower
and torque capacity of the Power Stroke V8
–First North American use of CGI in a Super Dutyclass vehicle
–CGI is stronger than traditional cast iron
• Aluminum cylinder heads
– Help reduce weight
– Feature dual water jackets for enhanced cooling and
increased strength
– Six-head-bolt design helps improve sealing and
maintain cylinder integrity
• Unique inboard exhaust design
– An automotive industry first for a modern production
diesel engine
– Helps reduce exhaust system volume and heat
transfer to the engine compartment
– Helps improve throttle response
– Helps improve NVH (noise, vibration and harshness)
characteristics
October 2014
Type
Diesel, 8-cylinder, overhead
valve, 32-valve
Displacement
6.7L (406 CID)
Horsepower (SAE net) 440 @ 2800 rpm
(Super Duty Pickups)
300 @ 2800 rpm
(Super Duty Chassis Cabs)
Torque
270 @ 2400 rpm
300 @ 2500 rpm
330 @ 2600 rpm
(F-650/F-750 Chassis Cabs)
860 lb.-ft. @ 1600 rpm
(Super Duty Pickups)
Truck
Powertrains
• Standard on Super Duty Pickups F-450, all models;
optional on Super Duty Pickups, all models
• Standard on Super Duty Chassis Cabs F-450/F-550
Lariat; optional on Super Duty Chassis Cabs F-350, all
models
• Heavy-duty TorqShift 6-speed SelectShift automatic
transmission is standard on Super Duty Pickups
• Heavy-duty TorqShift 6-speed SelectShift automatic
transmission with tow/haul mode is standard on
Super Duty Chassis Cabs F-450/F-550 Lariat; optional
on XL, XLT and F-350 Lariat
• TorqShift heavy-duty 6-speed automatic transmission
is standard on Super Duty Chassis Cabs F-650/F-750
models
Specifications
660 lb.-ft. @ 1600 rpm
(Super Duty Chassis Cabs)
Compression Ratio
Bore and Stroke (in.)
Engine Block Material
Cylinder Head Material
Main Bearings
Valve Lifters
Fuel Delivery
Fuel (minimum)
675 lb.-ft. @ 1600 rpm
700 lb.-ft. @ 1800 rpm
725 lb.-ft. @ 1800 rpm
(F-650/F-750 Chassis Cabs)
16.2:1
3.90 x 4.25
Compacted graphite iron (CGI)
Aluminum
5
Hydraulic roller followers with
push rods/rocker arms
High-pressure common-rail
ULSD Diesel, B20 biodiesel
(20% of less biodiesel)
• New, larger turbocharger accommodates a higher
airflow to produce more power and enhance high
altitude performance
– Single compressor wheel forces air into the engine’s
cylinders to enhance performance, especially at high
altitude where the air is thinner than sea level
– Wastegate and wastegate controls are eliminated
because the turbo operates at lower peak pressure
than the previous model
• Redesigned turbo oil and cooling lines enhance sealing
• High-pressure common-rail fuel injections
– Delivers up to 5 fuel injections per combustion cycle
for excellent throttle response, efficiency and NVH
characteristics
– New high-pressure fuel pump with increased cam
stroke helps deliver more fuel when needed to
provide more power — without impacting fuel
economy
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RE&T: 2015 Source Book
2-63
2015
Powertrains
Truck
Truck Engines cont’d
Truck
Powertrains
6.7L Power Stroke V8 Turbo Diesel (Super Duty
Pickups and Chassis Cabs, including
2016 F-650/F-750) cont’d
• Efficiency improvements ensure customers experience
similar performance in fuel economy
– New fuel injector tips enhance fuel atomization,
resulting in enhanced combustion, lower NVH, cleaner
emissions and reduced buildup of fuel deposits on
the valves over time
– Delivers quiet operation throughout the entire rpm
range (similar to gasoline-engine noise levels)
• Increased crankshaft strength and new lower-friction
polymer-coated crankshaft main bearings enhance
durability
• New 4-layer exhaust manifold gasket enhances
durability
• Quick-start glow plugs help provide quick engine starts,
even in extremely cold conditions
• Organic Acid Technology (OAT) orange engine coolant.
See the Engineering Insight on page 2–62
• Intelligent Oil-Life Monitor uses actual engine and
vehicle operating conditions to calculate oil change
service intervals of up to 1 year or 10,000 miles; see the
vehicle owner manual for maintenance details
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR)
• Recycles combustion gases in the exhaust system to
help reduce NOx emissions
• A two-step cooling process allows the EGR to recycle
exhaust gases into the intake at a much lower
temperature
• A cooler temperature means a higher efficiency in
recycling the exhaust gases and less oxygen in the mix
• Less oxygen helps reduce the formation of NOx in
the exhaust
Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC)
• The first step in the exhaust aftertreatment process and
could be referred to as the cleaning and heating step
• Converts and oxidizes hydrocarbons into water and
carbon dioxide
• Provides and promotes heat into the exhaust system
to help increase the conversion efficiency
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF)
• A solution comprised of 32.5% high-purity urea and
67.5% demineralized water
• The urea in the solution breaks down into ammonia
when injected into the exhaust stream
• Stored in a 5-gallon reservoir tank located near the
fuel tank
–DEF tank, supply module and supply line are
heated to help prevent the freezing of DEF and
keep it in a liquid state
–DEF tank includes temperature and fluid level sensors
• DEF tank fill is located next to the diesel fuel filler
• DEF is widely available in 1- and 2.5-gallon bottles
Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR)
• The second step in the exhaust aftertreatment
process, primarily where NOx is removed from the
exhaust stream
• Located between the DOC and the DPF in the
exhaust system
• Uses a liquid chemical reactant, diesel exhaust
fluid (DEF)
• DEF dosing module sprays a fine mist of DEF into the
exhaust stream to react with the NOx in the exhaust
as it passes through the SCR catalyst
– When heated, DEF splits into ammonia and
carbon dioxide
• These molecules are atomized and vaporized and
evenly distributed into the exhaust flow
• Once the DEF solution is combined with the exhaust
flow, chemical reactions convert the ammonia and
NOx into water and harmless nitrogen
Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)
• The last step in the exhaust aftertreatment process
and designed to scrub any remaining soot from the
exhaust
– Soot can be described as the black smoke seen in
diesel exhaust
• Located in the exhaust system, after the SCR
• Periodically cleans itself through a process known as
“regeneration,” which is similar to a small incinerator
burning off trapped particulates
– Passive regeneration naturally burns off soot when
exhaust temperatures are high enough
– Active regeneration (forced burn-off) occurs as
needed, depending on operational use
NOTE: For more specific information about the
regeneration process, please refer to the Maintenance
and Specifications section of the Diesel Engine
Supplement.
• DEF is clear, nontoxic and safe to handle
2-64
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RE&T: 2015 Source Book
October 2014
Powertrains
Truck
2015
Truck Engines cont’d
6.7L Power Stroke V8 Turbo Diesel (Super Duty
Pickups and Chassis Cabs, including
2016 F-650/F-750) cont’d
Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel (ULSD) Fuel
• ULSD fuel may be used in pre-2007 diesel engines
• Sulfur level reduced by 97% compared to
conventional diesel from a maximum of 500 parts
per million (ppm) to 15 ppm
6.8L 30V SOHC V10 (Super Duty Chassis Cabs,
including 2016 F-650/F-750)
Specifications
• Standard or optional on F-450/F-550, F-650, F53
Motorhome Chassis and F59 Stripped Chassis
Type
10-cylinder, 90° V, single
overhead camshaft, 30-valve
• TorqShift 5-speed automatic transmission is
standard on F-450/F-550
Displacement
6.8L (415 CID)
Horsepower (SAE net)
362 @ 4750 rpm (Super Duty
Chassis Cabs) TBD (F-650/F-750
Chassis Cabs)
Torque
457 lb.-ft. @ 3250 rpm (Super
Duty Chassis Cabs) TBD
(F-650/F-750 Chassis Cabs)
Compression Ratio
9.2:1
Bore and Stroke (in.)
3.55 x 4.17
Engine Block Material
Cast Iron
Cylinder Head Material
Aluminum
Main Bearings
6
Valve Lifters
Hydraulic lash adjuster with
roller follower
Fuel Delivery
Sequential multiport electronic
fuel injection
Fuel (minimum)
87-octane regular unleaded
• Heavy-duty TorqShift 6-speed automatic
transmission is standard on F-650
Key Features and Benefits
• 3 valves per cylinder design
–Includes two intake valves and one exhaust valve
–Allows the engine to “breathe” almost as well as
high-performance 4-valve designs but without the
additional weight and complexity
• Short/long intake runner design
–Features long runners for lower engine rpm
operation to speed up airflow and provide
maximum torque, while the short runner design is
used at higher engine rpm to provide unrestricted
high-velocity air intake for efficient cylinder filling
and maximum power
Truck
Powertrains
• ULSD fuel MUST be used in the 6.7L Power Stroke
diesel engine to allow the emissions control system,
including the diesel particulate filter (DPF), to
operate properly
Diesel Engine Oil Requirement
• Oil that meets American Petroleum Institute (API)
service category
• CJ-4/CJ-4SM is required for the 6.7L Power Stroke
diesel engine to operate properly
• CJ-4/CJ-4SM service standard oil must be used to
keep the engine warranty in effect
• CJ-4/CJ-4SM oil may be used in pre-2007 engines
• Organic Acid Technology (OAT) engine coolant. See
the Engineering Insight on page 2–62
• Fail-Safe Engine Cooling System. See the
Engineering Insight on page 2–57
October 2014
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RE&T: 2015 Source Book
2-65
2015
Powertrains
Truck
Truck Transmissions
TorqShift 5-speed Automatic (F-Series
Super Duty F-450/F-550, F53 and F59)
Gear Ratios (to :1)
Truck
Powertrains
• Transmission code 5R110
Key Features and Benefits
• 5-speed gearbox and control system are designed
and engineered to help provide smoother shifts.
The transmission features high 1st- and 2nd-gear
ratios to launch a vehicle loaded with cargo more
quickly and smoothly
• TorqShift’s control system monitors the engine,
transmission, vehicle speed and driver inputs to help
enhance shift performance
1st
3.11
2nd
2.20
3rd
1.55
4th
1.00
5th
0.71
Reverse
2.88
Standard Final Drive Ratio
3.73
• Selectable tow/haul mode further enhances control
by tailoring the upshift schedule for enhanced
performance during these more demanding activities
• Tow/haul mode also senses when conditions call
for increased engine braking and automatically
schedules the appropriate downshift
• Grade-braking feature functions in concert with
speed control to help maintain the desired vehicle
speed while descending grades
• TorqShift’s control body employs electronic solenoids
to manage the transmission’s clutch elements,
eliminating the variability experienced with more
conventional hydraulic spring/valve systems
• Solenoids are placed close to the clutches, thereby
minimizing response time
• The transmission has a large pump to promote
better lubrication and cooling
• A filter screen is employed to help prevent
contamination impacting the solenoids
Additional Highlights
• Torque capability: torque converter is designed to
maximize the low-speed torque capability of the
powertrain
• During peak operating range, this transmission is
capable of delivering maximum engine torque to the
drive wheels
2-66
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RE&T: 2015 Source Book
October 2014
Powertrains
Truck
2015
Truck Transmissions cont’d
6-speed Automatic with SelectShift Capability
(Transit)
Gear Ratios (to :1)
4.17
2nd
2.34
3rd
1.52
4th
1.14
• More gears provide better fuel economy
5th
0.87
• Full electronic solenoid control of clutch elements
6th
0.69
• SelectShift manual mode
Reverse
3.40
Standard Final Drive Ratio
3.73
Key Features and Benefits
• Engine power is matched with gears to provide better
performance and smoother shifts
• Tow/haul mode reduces gear hunting, improves
power delivery and uses engine braking to help
control vehicle speed when descending hills
–Especially useful when hauling or towing a
heavy load
• Progressive Range Select allows the driver to reduce
the range of available transmission gears while
operating in Drive mode to limit the number of gears
available for road and load conditions
–Range select mode is engaged by pressing either
the + or – switch on the transmission shift knob
Manual Mode
• Allows driver to manually upshift or downshift the
transmission without using a clutch
• Engaged by moving the shifter to the Manual (M)
position
• Gear selection is shown in the instrument cluster
• Engine-speed matching helps provide fast and
smooth downshifts
Truck
Powertrains
1st
• Transmission code 6R80
• Although SelectShift may automatically perform
some downshifts, it will allow the driver to downshift
at any time as long as the engine will not be damaged
from over-revving
–After the transmission is placed in manual control
with SelectShift, the vehicle will remain in this
mode until the gearshift lever is moved, from
Manual (M) back to Drive (D)
–Engine damage may occur if excessive engine
revving is held without shifting
Thumb Switch Operation
• Manual mode switch is located on the left side of
the transmission shift knob
• To manually upshift, push the + portion of
the switch
• To manually downshift, press the – portion of
the switch
• Includes Second-gear Start mode
–When engaged, the vehicle will start off from a stop
in second gear instead of first
–There is much less torque output starting out in
second gear, helping provide improved traction
while driving in slippery conditions
• Manual mode disables Overdrive Cancel and Grade
Assist modes
• To prevent the engine from running at too low an
rpm, SelectShift may automatically make some
downshifts
October 2014
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RE&T: 2015 Source Book
2-67
2015
Powertrains
Truck
Truck Transmissions cont’d
6-speed Automatic (F-150)
Thumb Switch Operation
• Transmission code 6R80E
Truck
Powertrains
–Includes tow/haul mode with 3.5L Ti-VCT FFV V6
engine
–Includes tow/haul mode, SelectShift Capability
and Progressive Range Select with 2.7L EcoBoost
V6, 3.5L EcoBoost V6 and 5.0L Ti-VCT FFV
V8 engines
Key Features and Benefits
• Enhanced to work well with all F-150 engines
• Manual mode switch is located on the left side of the
transmission shift knob
• To manually upshift, push the + portion of the switch
• To manually downshift, press the – portion of
the switch
Tow/Haul Mode
• Reduces gear hunting, improves power delivery and
uses engine braking to help control vehicle speed
when descending hills
• Engine power is matched with gears to provide better
performance and smoother shifts
• Especially useful when hauling or towing a
heavy load
• Refined to help enhance efficiency
Progressive Range Select
– Low friction materials used in clutch plates
– Efficient pump performance with improved line
pressure regulation
– Thermal valve optimization provides faster heat-up
of transmission fluid for better operating efficiency
• More gears help provide enhanced fuel economy
• Allows driver to reduce the range of available
transmission gears while operating in Drive mode
to limit the number of gears available for road and
load conditions
• Range Select mode is engaged by pressing either the
+ or – switch on the transmission shift knob
• Full electronic solenoid control of clutch elements
Gear Ratios (to :1)
SelectShift Manual Mode
1st
4.17
• Allows driver to manually upshift or downshift the
transmission without using a clutch
2nd
2.34
3rd
1.52
4th
1.14
• Gear selection is shown in the instrument cluster
5th
0.87
• Engine-speed matching helps provide fast and
smooth downshifts
6th
0.69
• Includes Second-gear Start mode
Reverse
3.40
Standard Final Drive Ratio
3.55
• Engaged by moving the shifter to the Manual (M)
position
• Manual mode disables Overdrive Cancel and Hill
Start Assist modes
• To prevent the engine from running at too low an
rpm, SelectShift may automatically make some
downshifts
• Although SelectShift may automatically perform
some downshifts, it will allow the driver to downshift
at any time as long as the engine will not be
damaged from over-revving
– After the transmission is placed in manual control
with SelectShift, the vehicle will remain in this
mode until the gearshift lever is moved, from
Manual (M) back to Drive (D)
– Engine damage may occur if excessive engine
revving is held without shifting
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Powertrains
Truck
2015
Truck Transmissions cont’d
6-speed SelectShift Automatic
(Transit Connect)
Sport Mode Operation
• Standard on all models
• To manually upshift, push the + portion of
the switch
• Thumb switch located on the left side of the
transmission shift knob
• Transmission code 6F35
• Engineered for high quality and quiet operation
– Hard-finish gears for precise fit help reduce
gear whine
– Die-cast aluminum housing helps reduce noise
– Enhanced pump porting helps reduce transmission
fluid pressure “ripple” and noise
• Transmission fluid is “filled for life” to help lower
cost of ownership
Sport Mode
• Allows driver to manually upshift or downshift the
transmission without using a clutch
• Engaged by moving the shifter to the Sport (S)
position and pushing the thumb switch
• To manually downshift, press the – portion of
the switch
• Provides additional grade (engine) braking
and extends lower gear operation to enhance
performance for uphill climbs, hilly terrain or
mountainous areas. This will increase engine rpm
during engine braking
• Provides additional lower gear operation through the
automatic transmission shift strategy
• Transmission shift logic will inhibit top gears when
driver fully backs out of accelerator pedal
• Gears are selected more quickly and at higher
engine speeds
Gear Ratios (to :1)
• Gear selection is shown in the instrument cluster
1st
4.58
• Engine-speed matching helps provide fast and
smooth downshifts
2nd
2.96
3rd
1.91
4th
1.44
5th
1.00
• Includes Second-gear Start mode
–When engaged, the vehicle will start off from a stop
in second gear instead of first
–There is much less torque output starting out in
second gear, helping provide improved traction while
driving in slippery conditions
• Sport mode disables Overdrive Cancel and Hill Start
Assist modes
Truck
Powertrains
Key Features and Benefits
6th
0.75
Reverse
2.94
Final Drive Ratio
3.21 (2.5L)
3.06 (1.6L)
• To prevent the engine from running at too low an
rpm, SelectShift may automatically make some
downshifts
• Although SelectShift may automatically perform
some downshifts, it will allow the driver to downshift
at any time as long as the engine will not be
damaged from over-revving
–After the transmission is placed in manual control
with SelectShift, the vehicle will remain in this
mode until the gear shift lever is moved from
Sport (S) back to Drive (D)
– Engine damage may occur if excessive engine
revving is held without shifting
October 2014
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RE&T: 2015 Source Book
2-69
2015
Powertrains
Truck
Truck Transmissions cont’d
Heavy-duty TorqShift 6-speed SelectShift
Automatic (Super Duty Pickups and
F-350/F-450/F-550 Chassis Cabs)
Truck
Powertrains
• Transmission code 6R140
Key Features and Benefits
• Engineered for greater internal operating efficiency
and increased efficiency compared to the 5-speed
TorqShift automatic transmission
• Torque converter design maximizes low-speed
torque output
• Robust gearsets and a three-plate, two-stage
torque converter help reduce turbine noise when the
converter is locked
• Large fluid pump provides superior lubrication
and cooling
• High-capacity fluid filter helps extend the fluid
change interval to 150,000 miles
• Pure electronic shift controls work with the electronic
throttle control of the engine to enhance shifts and
vehicle performance and responsiveness
• Transmission can be equipped with power takeoff
(PTO) port — must specify order code 62R
Manual Mode
• With the gear shift lever in Manual (M), the
transmission offers SelectShift capability
• Driver shifts manually with gear shift
lever-mounted switches
–Pressing the + button will upshift the transmission
–Pressing the – button will downshift the transmission
• Sequential gear engagement does not require
operating a clutch
Progressive Range Select
• Range Select Mode is engaged by pressing +/–
rocker switch on the gear shift lever
• Allows driver to reduce the range of available
transmission gears while operating in Drive Mode
to limit the number of gears available for road and
load conditions
• Message center displays current transmission gear
as well as the gears the transmission is available to
shift into
Tow/Haul Mode
• Tow/haul mode with integrated engine brake (6.7L
diesel only) gives drivers even greater control when
traveling downhill
–Helps reduce the use of service brakes, lengthening
service intervals and minimizing maintenance costs
• Helps eliminate unwanted frequency of gear shifting
on steep uphill grades and allows engine braking
to maintain or reduce vehicle speed and assist the
driver in controlling the vehicle when descending a
steep grade
Live-Drive Power Takeoff (PTO) Provision
• Available on 6.7L Power Stroke V8 Turbo Dieselequipped vehicles only; option code 62R must be
ordered to get a PTO gear and port
• Features an output linked directly to the engine
crankshaft providing “live” PTO operation anytime
the engine is running, regardless of vehicle speed
• Provides the capability to power PTO-driven
accessories such as dump bodies, sprayer pumps,
generators, salt spreaders and snowplows with
maximum flexibility
• Available upfitter switches may be used as PTO
control switches
Gear Ratios (to :1)
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
6th
Reverse
Standard Final Drive Ratio
3.97
2.31
1.51
1.14
0.85
0.67
3.12
3.73 (Pickups)
3.73 (Chassis Cabs)
TorqShift Heavy-duty 6-speed Automatic
(2016 Super Duty F-650/F-750 Chassis Cabs)
• Transmission code TBD
• Robust gearsets strengthened with extra pinion gears
for medium-duty service
• New torque converter designed to handle increased
engine horsepower and torque
• Three-plate, two-stage torque converter with new
damper for medium-duty service
• Large fluid pump provides superior lubrication and
cooling
• High-capacity fluid filter helps extend the fluid
change interval to 150,000 miles
• Pure electronic shift controls work with the electronic
throttle control (ETC) of the engine to enhance
shifts, vehicle performance and efficiency
• Transmission can be equipped with power takeoff
(PTO) port
– Order code 41A must be used on diesel engineequipped models
– Order code 41B must be used on gasoline engineequipped models
© Copyright 2014 by Ford Motor Company. Information contained herein is intended for use by dealership personnel to inform customers.
Specifications and descriptions contained within are based upon the most current information available at the time of release.
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