perator`s Manual - Tokyo Keiki USA
 | Document No. | E10-1076A |
Gyro-compass
TG-8000 / 8500
Operators Manual
2003. 9
TOKIMEC INC.
CONTROL SYSTEMS DIVISIÓN
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
1. Safety-related designations used in this manual and products are as
follows.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not
/\ DANGER у
avoided, will result in death or serious injury.
Indicates an potentially hazardous situation which, If not
A WARNINGR avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
Indicates an potentially hazardous situation which, if not
NA CAUTION avoided, may result in minor or moderate injury or property
damage accident.
(1)
2. The following warning label is attached to this system.
(1) WARNING
7 ; | N
Main power can cause electric
shock.
let not touch terminal boards,
eic., even if unit power OFF.
NN и
3. Attached position of warning label in this system is as follows.
[ (1) WARNING ] Waming label
(1) KAI 2857»
[{1) WARNING) Warning Fabel “NN > -
- LI = : = | = | П eE=0
o а > OS oo? 7
E | Sid B=. Mo
о Г
{*ф оввовой д) 7
1-8000/500-5 ЗУ кА) а Бу |
TE-B000/8500—S CONTROL UNIT
VA Fea
Ve 0560000680
(1) NE Bea
Г(1) WARNING) Warning label
T6-0000/8500—D 3 Hot 17y ke
TE-8000/8500—D CONTROL UNIT
[ (1) WARN ING] те label
Rau
POWER UNIT
* For the system that this system is built in the automatic steering system, the waming
label is attached on the automatic steering system side. Refer to the label attached
position mentioned in the Operator's Manual for the automatic steering system.
4. Safety-related precautions, etc., mentioned in this manual are
summarized as follows (related page to each item is in parentheses).
(1) Waming regarding general caution for use of this system (See page 1-1.)
ZA WARNING
© Improper operations caused by failure of this system or maifunctions caused by
operator's misunderstanding may cause distress such as collision and grounding, and
may result in property damages and environmental pollution. Further, death or serious
injury may happen.
@ Full attention should be paid on use of this system by understanding limitations in
performance or characteristics of this system and by familiarizing with operation
methods.
(2) Warning regarding operation (See page 3-1.) |
A WARNING
@There are matters to be attended in starting of this system and operations during running.
These matters are described in each related item in this chapter with CAUTION or
WARNING, etc., which should always be observed.
@Read the Operators Manual of the automatic steering system carefully preparing for
occurrence of trouble or alarm in this system, and the emergency steering method
should be well understood to treat such matters smoothly.
{3) Warning regarding maintenance and check {See page 5-1.)
A WARNING
@ln the stage of maintenance and check of the system, touching intemal pars may cause
electric shock because the ship's power supply is still applied to the system distribution
board even if the main power swilch of this system is tumed "OFF". Do not touch
internal parts such as internal terminal boards and power supply unit, etc. If necessary,
disconnect the power cable from the ship's distribution board.
The following warning label is attached to the dangerous position of this system
77
AWARNING
Main power can cause electric
shock.
Do not touch terminal OFF.
etc, even it unit power OFF.
N >
(3)
(4)
Warning regarding general caution for use of this system (See page 1-1.)
A CAUTION
@® This system displays gyro-compass bearing and outputs the bearing information to the
outside.
Although the safety design such as the alarm function against failure, etc., is provided,
there is no perfect safety design at the present time.
IN addition, as this system has many important functions, it is hard to say that any one
can use this system without failure.
Failures or malfunctions of this system may cause distress, and full attention should be
paid on use of this system.
User's responsibility and obligation in insuring safe navigation and the proper exercise
of navigational techniques is in no way reduced by the use of this equipment.
The following cautions should be observed.
1. Always perform daily check to maintain normal system condition.
2. When anomalies are detected in the result of daily check, investigate and repair at
once to recover to normal conditions and request advice of TOKIMEC service
engineer.
3. When the alarm system operates during use, always check to confirm the cause
and recover the troubled point.
(5)
Warning regarding kinds of function (See page 1-2.)
A CAUTION
OWhen an alarm related to GPS (alarm code "C” or “d”) is generated and the gyro-
compass true bearing has not been determined, once tum the steering mode to
"MANUAL" or “Non Follow Up”, then determine the true bearing because erroneous
bearing information (repeater signal and serial signal) is possible to be outputted to the
outside. Refer to "3.4.4 (2) Countermeasures when GPS communication abnormality is
generated” in Chapter 3 Operation, for determination method of the true bearing.
O When an alarm regarding to LOG (serial) (alarm code "P" or "U") is generated and the
true bearing of the gyro-compass has not been determined, once turn the steering mode
to "MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up”, then determined the true bearing because the
erroneous bearing information (repeater signal and serial signal) is possible to be
outputted to the outside. Refer 10 "3.4.4 (4) Countermeasures when LOG (serial)
communication abnormality is generated” in Chapter 3 Operating Method, for
determination method of the true bearing.
O When an alarm regarding to the log contact (alarm code "u”) is generated and the true
bearing of the gyro-compass has not been determined, once turn the steering mode to
"MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up”, then determine the true bearing because erroneous
bearing information (repeater signal and serial signal) is possible to be outputted to the
outside. Refer to "3.4.4 (5) Countermeasures when LOG contact abnormality is
generated” in Chapter 3 Operating Method, for determination method of the true bearing.
@ When an alarm regarding to the external heading sensor {alarm code "E", "F", "L" and
"N” is generated, the bearing information immediately before the alarm generated is
outputted. Once tum the steering mode to "MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up", and then
determine the true bearing. Refer to "3.4.4 (3) Countermeasures when external
heading sensor related communication abnormality is generated” in Chapter 3 Operating
Method, for determination method of the true bearing.
After the true bearing is determined, this system's hearing is outputted to the outside.
O When the system is switched, perform it after once turned the automatic steering system
io "MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up” to prevent course tuming with larger angle.
(4)
(6) Warning regarding configuration (See page 2-1.)
A CAUTION
® When this system is assembled in the automatic steering system stand (autopilot built-
in), the masler compass and each unil of the control unit are assembled in the steering
stand and the sensitive element is separately packed.
(7) Warning regarding start (See page 3-8.)
A CAUTION
O Start this system after tumed the automatic steering system to other mode than "AUTO".
(8)
Warning regarding setting of latitude input system (See page 3-10.)
A CAUTION
O Change of the latitude input system or a large change of latitude value may cause a
large change of the true bearing.
During the automatic steering, once tum the steering mode of the automatic steering
system to "MANUAL" to prevent a large course changing, and after confirming
surrounding safety of own ship, turn to "AUTO" steering again.
(9)
Warning regarding setting of latitude input system (See page 3-10.)
A CAUTION
@When an alarm related to GPS (alarm code "c” or "d”) is generated and the true bearing
of the gyro-compass has not been determined, once turn the steering mode to
"MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up", then determine the true bearing because erroneous
bearing information (repeater signal and serial signal) is possible to be outputted to the
outside.
Refer to "3.4.4 (2) Countermeasures when GPS communication abnormality is
generated” in Chapter 3 Operating Method, for determination method of the irue bearing.
(10) Waming regarding setting of latitude input system (See page 3-10.)
A CAUTION
@ When "GYRO" is selected for the latitude input system, latitude is automatically updated
by the ship's speed and the gyro-compass true bearing. (When the ship's speed input
system Is "MANUAL", it is not updated automatically.) During navigation, confirm once
in 2 hours that the ship's actual latitude coincides with the indicated latitude.
(5)
(11) Warning regarding setting of latitude input system (See page 3-10.)
A CAUTION
@Whenever to complete the setting, push | ACK / ENT | switch@. Changed setting is
not updated unless pushing | ACK / ENT | switch).
(12) Warning regarding setting of ship's speed input system (See page 3-12.)
A CAUTION
@ Change of the ship's input system or large change of ship's speed may cause large
change of the true bearing.
During the automatic steering, once turn the steering mode of the automatic steering
system to "MANUAL" to prevent a large course changing, and after confirming
surrounding safety of own ship, turn to "AUTO" steering again.
(13) Warning regarding setting of ship's speed input system (See page 3-12.)
A CAUTION
O When an alarm related to GPS (alarm code "c" or "d") is generated and the true bearing
of the gyro-compass has not been determined, once tum the steering mode to
"MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up”, then determine the true bearing because erroneous
bearing information (repeater signal and serial signal) is possible to be outputted to the
outside.
Refer to "3.4.4 (2) Countermeasures when GPS communication abnormality is
generated” in Chapter 3 Operating Method, for determination method of the true bearing.
(14) Warning regarding setting of ship's speed input system (See page 3-12.)
A CAUTION
@ When alarm regarding to LOG (serial signal) (alarm code "P" or "U") is generated and
the true bearing of the gyro-compass has not been determined, once tum the steering
mode to "MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up”, then determined the true bearing because the
erroneous bearing information (repeater signal and serial signal) is possible to be
outputted to the outside.
Refer to "3.4.4 (4) Countermeasures when LOG (serial) communication abnormality is
generated” in Chapter 3 Operating Method, for determination method of the true bearing.
(6)
(15) Warning regarding setting of ship's speed input system (See page 3-12.)
A CAUTION
@ When alarm regarding to LOG (contact) (alarm code "u") is generated and the true
bearing of the gyro-compass has not been determined, once turn the steering mode to
"MANUAL" or “Non Follow Up", then determined the true bearing because the erroneous
bearing information (repeater signal and serial signal) is possible to be outputted to the
outside.
Refer to "3.4.4 (5) Countermeasures when LOG (contact) communication abnormality is
generated” in Chapter 3 Operating Method, for determination method of the true bearing.
(16) Waming regarding setting of ship's speed input system (See page 3-12.)
A CAUTION
O The setting of the ship's speed input system (and its values for "MANUAL”) is stored, and
when re-started, the previous ship's speed system setting is restored and starts.
When "MANUAL" is selected, stop after ship's speed setting is set to zero knot.
Also, when tured off and on again with "GPS" selected, confirm that GPS is operating
properly.
(17) Warning regarding setting of ship's speed input system (See page 3-13.)
A CAUTION
O Whenever to complete the setting, push | ACK/ENT | switch@. Changed setting is not
updated unless pushing | ACK/ENT | switch@.
(18) Warning regarding setting of the turn rate filter constant (See page 3-14.)
A CAUTION
@Whenever to complete the selling, push | ACK / ENT | swilch@. Changed setting is
not updated uniess pushing | ACK / ENT | switeh®.
(19) Warming regarding confirmation of the true bearing (See page 3-14.)
A CAUTION
@When the gyro-compass true bearing is set again, the repeater indication value and the
serial signal gyro-compass true bearing will change by the changed angle.
During the automatic steering, once tum the steering mode of the automatic steering
system to "MANUAL" to prevent a large course changing, and after confirming
surrounding safety of own ship, tum to "AUTO" steering again.
(7)
(20) Warning regarding confirmation of the true bearing (See page 3-14.)
A CAUTION
@Whenever to complete the setting, push | ACK / ENT | switch@. Changed setting is
not updated unless pushing | ACK / ENT | switch®.
(21) Warning regarding system selection (See page 3-15.)
A CAUTION
@ System selection (switching) may cause large change of the true bearing. During the
automatic steering, once turn the steering mode of the automatic steering system to
"MANUAL" to prevent a large course changing, and after confirming surrounding safety
of own ship, turn to "AUTO" steering again.
(22) Warning regarding monitoring in running (See page 3-16.)
A CAUTION
@ Change of the ship's speed inpui system and the latitude input system, or large change
of the ship's speed and the latitude, may cause large change of the gyro-compass true
bearing.
During the automatic steering, once turn the steering mode of the automatic steering
system to "MANUAL" to prevent a large course changing, and after confirming
surrounding safety of own ship, tum to "AUTO" steering again.
(23) Warning regarding confirmation of the latitude (See page 3-17.)
A CAUTION
@Change of the lathude input system or large change of the latitude may cause large
change of the true bearing. During the automatic steering, once turn the steering mode
of the automatic steering system to "MANUAL" to prevent a large course changing, and
after confirming surrounding safety of own ship, turn to "AUTO" steering again.
(24) Warning regarding confirmation of the ship's speed (See page 3-17.)
A CAUTION
@® Change of the ship's speed input system or large change of the ship's speed may cause
large change of the true bearing. During the automatic steering, once turn the steering
mode of the automatic steenng system to "MANUAL" to prevent a large course
changing, and after confirming surrounding safety of own ship, tum to "AUTO" steering
again.
(8)
(25) Waming regarding alarm (See page 3-18.)
A CAUTION
O When the following alarms are generated, the bearing information from this system may
not be outputted at all or may have large error.
All units operated by the bearing information from this system (in particular, the
automatic steering system, etc.) should be immediately operated according to the
individual emergency operating procedure.
(26) Warning regarding countermeasures when GPS communication abnormality is generated
(See page 3-22.)
A CAUTION
@ When an alarm related to GPS (alarm code "с" or "d”) is generated and the true bearing
of the gyro-compass has not been determined, once turn the steering mode to
"MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up", then determine the true bearing because erroneous
bearing information (repeater signal and serial signal) is possible to be outputted to the
outside. Refer to "3.4.4 (2) Countermeasures when GPS communication abnormality is
generated” in Chapter 3 Operating Method, for determination method of the true bearing.
(27) Warning regarding countermeasures when GPS communication abnormality is generated
(See page 3-22.)
A CAUTION
@Determination of the true bearing may cause large change of the outputted bearing
information. During the automatic navigation, great care should be taken because large
course change may be happened.
(28) Warning regarding countermeasures when external heading sensor related communication
abnommality is generated (See page 3-22.)
A CAUTION
O When an alam related to the external heading sensor (alarm code "E", "F", "L" and "n") is
generated, the bearing information (repeater signal and serial signal) immediately before
the alarm was generated is outputted to the outside.
Once turn the steering mode to "MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up”, and then determine the
true bearing.
After the true bearing is determined, the bearing of this system is outputted to the
outside.
(29) Warning regarding countermeasures when external heading sensor related communication
abnormality is generated (See page 3-22.)
A CAUTION
® Determination of the true bearing may cause large change of the outputted bearing
information. During the automatic navigation, great care should be taken because large
course change may be happened.
(9)
(30) Warning regarding countermeasures when |LOG (serial signal) communication abnormality
is generated (See page 3-23.)
A CAUTION
O When an alarm related to LOG (serial signal) (alarm code "P” or "U”) is generated and
the true bearing of the gyro-compass has not been determined, once tum the steering
mode to "MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up”, then determine the true bearing because
erroneous bearing information (repeater signal and senal signal) is possible to be
outputted to the outside.
Refer to "3.44 (4) Countermeasures when LOG (serial signal) communication
abnormality is generated” in Chapter 3 Operating Method, for determination method of
the true bearing.
(31) Warming regarding Countermeasures when LOG (serial signal) communication abnormality
Is generated {See page 3-23.)
A CAUTION
8 Determination of the true bearing may cause large change of the outputted bearing
information. During the automatic navigation, great care should be taken because large
course change may be happened.
(32) Waming regarding countermeasures when LOG contact abnormality is generated
(See page 3-24.)
CAUTION
®When an alarm related to LOG (contact) (alarm code "u”) is generated and the true
bearing of the gyro-compass has not been determined, once turn the steering mode to
"MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up”, then determine the true bearing because erroneous
bearing information (repeater signal and serial signal) is possible to be outputted to the
outside.
Refer to "3.4.4 (5) Countermeasures when LOG (contact) abnormality is generated” in
Chapter 3 Operating Method, for determination method of the true bearing.
(33) Waming regarding countermeasures {See page 4-1.)
A CAUTION
O When an alam is generated, immediately confirm content of the generated alarm and
take suitable measures according to "4.3 Countermeasures” in this chapter.
@®When failure has generated, confirm surrounding safety and perform checking and
required measures at non-dangerous sea area, stopping the ship as a rule.
(34) Waning regarding countermeasures (See page 4-2.)
A CAUTION
@® Before checking and replacement of fuses, and disconnecting / connecting of each unit,
connector, printed circuit, terminal cable, turn "OFF" the power switch of the operating
panel, and further disconnect the power cable from the ship's distribution board, etc. It
may cause electric shock and failure if left "ON" position.
(10)
(35) Warning regarding failure symptoms and countermeasures (See page 4-2.)
A CAUTION
O Whenever the internal setting of the system is changed, follow TOKIMEC service
engineer's instruction.
O When other malfunction than appeared in the failures list is generated or ihe replaced
fuse has blown again, turn "OFF" the power switch of the operating panel, disconnect
the power cable from the ship's distribution board and request TOKIMEC service
engineer's repair.
O When a failure is has occurred and it has not been repaired according to the failure
symptoms list, tum "OFF" the power switch of the operating panel and request
TOKIMEC service engineer's repair on making a call to the port. Also even when it was
repaired according to “4.3.2 Failure and countermeasures” in this chapter, request
TOKIMEC service engineer's checking in a like manner on making a call to the port.
(36) Warming regarding power supply abnormality (alarm code "1”) (See page 4-3.)
A CAUTION
@ Fully pay attention to electric shock when checking the power supply.
@ When checking fuses, turn "OFF" the power switch on the operating panel and further
disconnect the power cable from the ship's distribution board before checking fuses.
(37) Warning regarding Inverter abnormality (alarm code "37) (See page 4-7.)
-
A CAUTION
OS When checking fuses, tum "OFF" the power switch on the operating panel and further
disconnect the power cable from the ship's distribution board when checking fuses..
г —
(38) Warning regarding zero cross abnormality (alarm code ”8”) (See page 4-7.)
A CAUTION
@Determination of the gyro-compass true bearing during alarm code "8" is generated may
cause a large change of the true bearing. During automatic navigation, great care
should be taken because large course change may be happened
(39) Warning regarding master compass heading abnormality (alarm code “С")
(See page 4-10.)
A CAUTION a
O When an alarm code "G” is generated, the gyro-compass true bearing may have error.
And new input of the true bearing may cause a large change of the true bearing. Dunng
automatic navigation, once tum the steering mode to "MANUAL" then determine the true
bearing to prevent course turning with larger angle, and after confirming surrounding
safety of own ship, turn to "AUTO" steering again.
(11)
(40) Warning regarding the gyro-compass does not operate, if tured "ON" the power switch on
the operating panel turned “ON”. (See page 4-12.)
A CAUTION
@Fully pay attention to electric snock when checking the main power supply.
@ When checking fuses, tum "OFF" the power switch on the operating panel and further
disconnect the power cable from the ship's distribution board before checking fuses.
(41) Waming regarding each repeater does not operate. (See page 4-13.)
A CAUTION
@ When checking fuses, turn "OFF" the power switch, and further disconnect the power
cable from the ship’s distribution terminal board.
(42) Warning regarding all repeaters does not operate. (Gee page 4-13.)
A CAUTION
@® When checking fuses, tum "OFF" the power switch, and further disconnect the power
cable from the ship’s distnbution board.
(43) Warning regarding maintenance and check (See 5-1.)
A CAUTION
®Main units of this system consist of electronic circuits having high reliability. However, it
is impossible to say that no failure should happen.
Accordingly, the check and maintenance described in this chapter should be sincerely
carried out to remove failure nsk as much as possible and to maintain the system
performance. Otherwise, detection of the failure sign will be delayed and may cause
distress such as collision or grounding.
® Request TOKIMEC service engineer when trouble is detected and cannat be repaired on
board.
(12)
1.
PREFACE
This manual provides safety-related precautions and outline of this system,
and includes detailed information on specifications, construction,
operation, troubleshooting and countermeasures, etc.
(1) Please use this system correctly with a full understanding.
(2) The readers (operators) of this manual are assumed to be qualified persons according
to Japanese governmental law for ship's officers (ships under Japanese flag) or the
corresponding laws.
(3) Only qualified persons described in the above (2) or persons under the supervision of
the qualified person can handle this system. Do not have other persons handle this
system.
items to be observed with respect to the manual
Items to be observed with respect to the manual are as follows.
(1) Please read this manual carefully.
Important items are described in this manual and it shouid thoroughly be read.
(2) Maintain this manual with care.
This manual is very important for handling this equipment. Keep it at hand for
reference whenever needed. Assign a person in charge of maintaining this manual and
fixed location for storage.
Relevant drawing for the finished plan of this system should be maintained together.
(3) This manual should be provided to the personnel actually handling the equipment.
Distributors, etc. should insure that these people receive this manual.
(4) Replace manual at once if lost.
If the manual is lost, request TOKIMEC or our sales agency. A replacement manual can
be supplies at charge.
When the warning labels become dirty or detached, request TOKIMEC.
Replacement labels can be supplied at charge.
(13)
4. Prohibitions and notations for protection of the system (prevention from
damage of the product itself and maintenance of quality).
The following items should be observed for protection of this system. For details, see
corresponding pages of this manual.
Prohibitions - - - Items to be prohibited
(1) Prohibition regarding insulation test (See page 5-1.)
PROHIBITION
Do not use insulation tester or other device to test system insulation as it will damage
internal electrical components.
Always disconnect the wirings connected to this system before testing related power
distribution lines with such testers.
Notations - - - tems to be noted
(1) Notation regarding to storage (See page 5-7.)
NOTE
Observe the following items for storage.
(1) Tum all power switches of this system to OFF position to disconnect the power.
(2) Storage temperature should be between —20°C to +55°C.
Avoid the place with high humidity as much as possible.
High humidity may cause rust.
(3) Prevent the storage place from generation of corrosive gas, breeding of bacteria
such as mold or intrusion of insects and small animals.
(4) Cover the system with a plastic sheet, etc., when generation of dust is foreseen.
When welding works, etc., are carried out near this system, be sure to mount a
suitable protection cover an the system to prevent damage caused by spark, etc.
(14)
CONTENTS
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS cei ieee eee eters tees rene onnarerenarernecorerarenone nene. (1)
PREFACE rio ererenierenenionrenescereneneeteeeeaatenenestenenenavan ee rmeneencamenenee nante re aneneea (13)
CON ST eee eee eee eee (15)
CHAPTER 1 GENERALDESCRIPTIONS .....oe eee eer 1-1
1.1 Generale RER reser ene ar aeen ee neen ect na aunneearanarhanente et mrEUmaVe PUrrEEEmENeY FO MANN 1-1
1.2 Display and alarm............................. e... aran nana anna an ana nnaaranann anun anennnnann arre nema nana e eens „1-2
1.3 Kinds of fUNCtioN RAERARRARKRAULKAAKKARULLSARARRRAARARUREERDARALAARALRALRRANAAKEUACURRRMARBURRALAAKG 1-2
1.3.1 Step signal type repeater signal output function .............e.....e. eee A 1-3
1.3.2 Serial signal type repeater signal output functior............ e —--. ..—.-—.e==ííereee 1-3
1.3.3 Automatic steering function by this system ..............--.._—.=..r..-._e=vívviecuerezaca re TA 1-4
1.3.4 Rate ofturn signal output function ..........................—. O O 1-4
1.35 Automatic speed error correction fUNCHION...........…..…....…assesssasasensensentenensen ce 1-4
U anse rrnrresenanm sem sraa seen rer Sea cases are annee 1-4
1.3.7 Function by the exlernal NEading SEMSOT …..….....….....………ricrrrerrransersanrecss encre ercsn sen ce revus 1-4
1.4 Warranty CONdItiONS ….......................crcccracessae re nnen cena casa ne saneea nana ce nee e cena ana en aan een e cc 1-5
CHAPTER 2 SPECIFICATION AND CONSTRUCTION. …...………rrnsarnennesssenamnences 2-1
2.1 LC rere rere errr eaten ran veer aenn rere rr rr aee seen rr anes 2-1
VAZ AO e [eN r-|i(:] PE O 2-1
2.3 “Specifications ...................—..———.—... eee camera es canne aan a ne em aan ane aan ea naa nnnannaae o rereranenne ermano 2-1
24 Names and functions of each portion ............... rer errr era rere 2-2
2.5 Mounting position of each UNit.........e.......ereveveveeeererrreeeen erre ee reee ree rrr rere ree eae 2-3
A EeeeecanmennneCe ara 2-4
CHAPTER 3 OPERATING METHOD.......…..….…....ersserarenanarensenaaen san nana naen cena sance serens 3-1
| rr an rr reer anes aearanrr ress ueeeas ‚ 3-1
3.2 Орегайпо рапе!..............нанниееоеааеееееннаоссеаоесонононнаеаеннанонаасвенеснннаноеннсеачеесе нано зазасенуненауененыыы 3-1
3.2.1 Explanation of the operating Dane. r cere eem ean 3-1
3.2.2 INdication OOO ‚ 3-3
3.3 Start and stop Sequence...................... 22. re e tuereeee a eRereeereeecanae o enananocenenanecamencane 3-7
CE Sa nUeCaN TT CenrEaOrerreN 3-8
N . 3-8
3.4.2 System selection............... Dnrenrrene nera rrnanan en renenrerrennare rare reennenaaere rare acen retar ET EEE 3-15
34.3 Monitoring in running ...........r.e--=.—- -—.—. .r.eiirirravearerenarerereencerrareranEee erro rreceaare nr eeeee 3-16
3.4.4 ABI ieee eee reeset eee e aeanaaa aa nee parecer enan aaa ncanaraaraaeacera anne mazos 3-18
3.9 DÍOD.........eeeriaeraaiceoraavecivececcervateoveranenananaeeuunEemerneammaaanen este nenneenenemarnaacctaee nuNENEEE Ene ecenraEUAa 3-24
(15)
CHAPTER4 TROUBLESHOOTING........................_eeemerencerrenercer nene nrrreEeD eee 4-1
E ECC Lenaaerrnnn are rare rene e nana naan near enr n ana naa nana de earrnnen dan AAn een era ea TR 4-1
4.2 Before troubleshoOoting ..…….....…..…............……irsscrrrrnrersancracan nanas srren era nra cc cerreree marc cerner ren cccn na 4-1
4.3 Countenmeasures.........................rirccierreeren caer enc euererrnenaaiaaa soe nnear o rereaaeanacaore ne rnerecme a 4-2
4.3.1 Measures when an alam is generated ...…..….............…rersseressrrancerarerres san scan senc anne 4-2
4.3.2 Failure phenomena and CountermeaSUres …..…..…….....…rercccassarsnnenseresessrce ra anaman eu anses 4-2
4.3.3 Replacement of fuUse................... emir ia Re eran rene anar aneeaeee 4-14
4.4 Informed ltems to TOKIMEC service station...............—— e... .—eceversrecrrecizn ere ener N ec 4-16
CHAPTER 5 MAINTENANCE AND CHECK ......................... 2er 5-1
CE 5-2
5.2 Pernodical check ...........................-0000000dainernerecavo aora Nara re rr aveo e an sean rears enn ee ranean ee. 5-2
5.3 Warning label check ..................e —...e-..e.vess00neereuen aaa o eee eee Dnoranbenmesenanat roce nanenDmo 5-5
54 Spare parts..............._ em esercerriirirce era DR RI IRE Dee aecenEE en rne reo nererererareerrececanereeeEDe 5
5.5 Storage method...........................—... ree erre nnerena nena nacaanenaee reee re rAananeceanereneceees 5-6
5.0 Disposal method.................—..——.....e.....eeeeerree ro reranaenennenee rene aaaanrannenma Terr reNee ena rnennare nan eee 5-6
CHAPTER 6 GLOSSARY _..………erosererecosserranenneneananann are naen ancre ane emmen ananas an cars Ac cms 6-1
CHAPTER 7 ATTACHED DRAWINGS.................seecermerraneno nn enana eee 7-1
(16)
CHAPTER 1 GENERAL DESCRIPTIONS
A WARNING
® Improper operations caused by failure of this system ar malfunctions caused by
operator's misunderstanding may cause distress such as collision and grounding, and
may result in property damages and environmental poliution. Further, death or serious
injury may happen.
O Full attention should be paid on use of this system by understanding limitations in
performance or characteristics of this system and by familiarizing with operation
methods.
A CAUTION
O This system displays gyro-compass bearing and outputs the bearing information to the
outside.
Although the safety design such as the alarm function against failure, etc. is provided,
there is no perfect safety design at the present time.
In addition, as this system has many important functions, it is hard to say that any one
can
Failures or malfunctions of this system may cause distress, and full attention should be
paid on use of this system.
User's responsibility and obligation in insuring safe navigation and the proper exercise
of navigational techniques is in No way reduced by the use of this equipment.
The following cautions should be observed.
1.
2.
use this system without failure.
Always perform daily check to maintain normal system condition.
When anomalies are detected in the result of daily check, investigate and repair at
once to recover to normal conditions and request advice of TOKIMEC service
engineer.
When the alarm system operates during use, always check to confirm the cause
and recover the troubled point.
1.1
General
The Gyro-compass Series TG-8000 / 8500, based on the gyro-compass TG-5000 / 6000
that has been actually used for many middle and large ships, provides increased rate of
turn and rich input / output signals and the following features.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
Function of automatic speed error correction
Digital signal processing (Conformed to International Standards IEC61162)
Long service life
Conformance to IMO Standards (Series TG-8000 / Series TG-8500 for high speed
ships)
1.2
This system is designed as a product line that enables to build up system configuration to
meet various requirements of installed ships.
TG-8000/8500-S: One gyro-compass system
TG-8000/8500-D: Two gyro-compasses sysiem
For the above systems, -S and -D, the following types are provided depending on the
output signal.
Step type : System mainly the step signal (repeater signal) used
Serial type : System mainly the serial signal (repeater signal) used
Display and alarm
Considering the navigational safety, various indicators and indicator lamps required for the
system operation and alarm function are built in the system.
These are concentrated and arranged on the operating panel.
1.3 Kinds of function
A CAUTION
O When an alarm related to GPS (alam code "¢c" or "d") is generated and the gyro-
compass true bearing has not been determined, once tum the steenng made to
"MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up", then determine the true bearing because erroneous
beanng information (repeater signal and serial signal) is possible to be outputted to the
outside. Refer to "3.4.4 (2) Countermeasures when GPS communication abnormality is
generated" in Chapter 3 Operation, for determination method of ihe true bearing.
O When an alarm regarding to LOG (señal) (alarm code "?” or "U”) is generated and the
true bearing of the gyro-compass has not been determined, once tum the steering mode
to "MANUAL" or "Non follow Up", then determined the true bearing because the
erroneous bearing information (repeater signal and serial signal) is possible to be
outputted to the outside. Refer to "3.4.4 (4) Countermeasures when LOG (senal)
communication abnormality is generated” in Chapter 3 Operating Method, for
determination method of the true bearing.
O When an alarm regarding to the log contact (alarm code "u”) is generated and the true
bearing of the gyro-compass has not been determined, once tum the steering mode to
"MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up”, then determine the true bearing because erroneous
bearing information (repeater signal and serial signal) is possible to be outputted to the
outside. Refer to "3.4.4 (5) Countermeasures when LOG contact abnormality is
generated” in Chapter 3 Operating Method, for determination method of the true bearing.
O When an alarm regarding to the extemal heading sensor (alarm code "E", "F", "L" and
"N") is generated, the bearing information immediately before the alarm generated is
outputted. Once tum the steering mode to "MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up", and then
determine the true bearing. Refer to "3.4.4 (3) Countermeasures when externa
heading sensor related communication abnormality is generated” in Chapter 3 Operating
Method, for determination method of the true bearing.
After the true bearing is determined, this system's bearing is outputted to the outside.
@ When the system is switched, perform it after once turned the automatic steering system
to "MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up” to prevent course tuming with larger angle.
1.3.1
1.3.2
Step signal type repeater signal output function
This system can drive the ship's repeater by the step signal of the gyro-compass. Also
even when the gyro-compass is operated by the emergency power supply, the connected
repeater can be driven (Repeater backup function).
Refer to the finished plan maintained in the ship for details of the repeater.
When the external heading sensor signal is connected to this system (magnet compass
system, etc.), the repeater operates as follows when the system is switched. (Refer to
"3.4.2 System Selection” in Chapter 3, for the system selection.)
When "GYRO" is selected : The step signal is outputted by the gyro-compass
true bearing.
When "EXT" is selected : The step signal is outputted by the true bearing of the
external heading sensor.
Serial signal type repeater signal output function
This system can drive the ship's repeater by the serial signal of the gyro-compass. Also
even when the gyro-compass 15 operated by the emergency power supply, the connected
repeater can be driven (Repeater backup function).
When this system's serial signal is not used for the repeater, the following serial signal can
be outputted.
(1) Output conformed to IEC61162-1 ed. 2
(2) Output conformed to IEC61162-2
These signals can be individually set for each circuit.
Refer to the finished plan maintained in the ship for details of the repeater and the serial
signal.
When the extemal heading sensor signal {the magnet compass system, etc.) is connected
to this system, the repeater operates as follows when the system is switched. (Refer to
"3.4.2 System Selection" in Chapter 3, for the system switching.)
When "GYRO" is selected : The serial signal is outputted by the gyro-compass
true bearing.
When "EXT" is selected : The senal signal is outputted by the true bearing of
the external heading sensor.
1.3.3
1.3.4
1.3.5
1.3.6
1.3.7
Automatic steering function by this system
Automatic steering can be attained by this system when combined use with TOKIMEC's
automatic steering system series PR-6000 / PR-2000.
Rate of turn signal output function
The ship's rate of turn can be outputted as an analog signal from this system. Refer to
the finished plan maintained in the ship for details of the analog signal.
Also, when the external heading sensor signal (the magnet compass system, etc.) is
connected to this system and the external heading sensor is selected as the system, the
ship's rate of turn analog signal is not outputted.
Automatic speed error correction function
The system has functions to calculate speed enor, inherent error to the gyro-compass,
and to correct it automatically.
Required data of latitude and speed to calculate the speed error are selected and entered
in the individual systems of "GYRO" / "GPS"} and {"LOG (contact signal)" / "LOG (serial
signal)” / "GPS" / "MANUAL".
(For the selection of latitude and ship's speed input system, operate according to "(4)
Setting of the latitude input system and (7) Setting of the ship's speed input system” in
Chapter 3 Operation, for 3.4.1 System Start-up.)
When "GPS" is selected as the input system, the serial signal conformed to |IEC61162-1 /
IEC61162-1 ed. 2 is received.
When "LOG (serial signal)” is selected as the input system, the serial signal conformed to
IEC61162 / IEC61162-1 ed. 2 is received.
Also other than "MANUAL" is selected as the input system, speed error correction can be
performed in real time.
Timer start
The gyro-compass can be automatically started according to date and time set for the
departure. (It can be sel up lo one month maximum)
For setting up the departure date and time, operate according to "(2) Setting of timer start
time" in Chapter 3 Operation, for 3.4.1 Start.
Function by the external heading sensor
When the extemal heading sensor signal (the magnet compass system, etc.) is connected
to this system, the repeater signal (serial signal or step signal) can be outputted from this
system by using the external heading sensor.
Also when the processing unit for the external heading sensor signal is built in this system
as an option, the repeater signal (2 circuits for serial signal and 1 circuit for step signal)
can be backup by using the external heading sensor even if the gyro-compass Stops .
(For the system selection, refer to "3.4.2 System Selection” in Chapter 3.)
1.4
Warranty conditions
Warranty period : 12 months after delivery of this system
Warranty contents : TOKIMEC will immediately undertake to repair this system without
charge in the event of breakdown, failure or defect caused ciearly by
TOKIMEC's design, manufacturing or materials supplied by
TOKIMEC.
items to which warranty is not applied: Warranty is not applied to the following items:
1.
4.
5.
Failures and malfunclions caused by misuse against the described maintenance,
handling and operation procedures in the manual.
Failures and malfunctions caused from the repair performed by non-TOKIMEC or
the service company not specified by TOKIMEC.
Reworked portion performed by user without relation to TOKIMEC or failures and
malfunctions caused by that reworked portion.
Indirect loss and the cause-and-effect relations loss generated by the failures of
this system.
In case of force majeure such as earth quake, fire, etc.
Provided, however, that when other warranty provisions have been established separately
in writing, those should have prionty.
1—6 (blank)
2.1
2.2
CHAPTER 2 SPECIFICATIONS AND CONFIGURATION
General
Configuration, specifications and structure of this system is explained in this chapter.
As this manual does not include the items related to system installation, please refer to the
separate finished plan maintained in the ship for the instaliation procedure.
Configuration
This system consists of the foliowing units and the spare parts box.
1 ea. Master compass
1 ea. Control unit
1 ea. Spare parts box
(1 ea. Power supply unit) When one gyro-compass is separate type in the two gyro-
compasses system connected with TOKIMEC Automatic
Steering System.
For shipment, the sensitive element in the master compass is packed separately.
A CAUTION
@ When this system is assembled in the automatic steering system stand (autopilot built-
in), the master compass and each unit of the control unit are assembled in the steering
stand and the sensitive element is separately packed.
2.3 Specifications
Refer to the finished plan maintained in the ship.
2.4 Names and functions of each portion
| No. | Function | Remarks
1 Master compass The sensitive element is built-in. It is a unit to detect the ship's
“| (Figure 7.3) heading
2 Control unit It is a unit having various indicators for true bearing, latitude, tum
— | (Figure 7.1) rate, ship's speed and alarms, and the operating switches.
3 Indicators y | naicates operating conditions of this system and all setting values
(Figure 7.28). 9) Indicated contents can be selected by the operating switches.
Operating switches |. | |
4. (Figure 7.2040 ®) They are used tor alt kinds of operation required for this system.
5 Power switch It is used to start and stop this system. The indicator lamp in the
“| (Figure 7.2(D) power switch goes lit when started.
2.5 Mounting position of each unit
One example of the mounting position is show below.
Refer to the finished plan maintained in the ship.
+ Mounting positions of the master compass, operating panel, power supply and control
unit. {In case of TOKIMEC PR-6000 automatic steering system)
re
4
| 1%]
SNIE
BAEZ IL
a — 8 OPERATING PANEL
Av hO=jLaz=y p
| CONTROL UNIT
Le ИИ с > asa
— -- MASTER COMPASS
2.6 Alarm list
Alarm Alarm content Possible cause
code
| "1" | Main power is abnormal | When the main power (AC power source) was lost.
non Power is abnormal When the power supply in the control unit went over-voltage
or over-current.
"ga Inverter is abnormal When the inverter in the master compass went over-voltage
or over-current. |
Zero cross is abnormal | When the reference bearing of the master compass was not |
"8" detected properly or abnormality is generated in bearing
calculation.
"д" System communication | When abnormality is generated in communication function of
abnomnality (1) the master compass.
"pr System communication | When abnormality is generated in communication function of
abnormality (2) the control unit.
"o GPS communication When GPS operation stopped or the serial signal from GPS
break has stopped. a
"ir Abnormality of GPS When abnormality is generated in the serial signal from GPS.
data
System intemai When the External heading sensor signal processing unit
"E" | communication stopped its operation or the serial signal from the External
abnormality (1) heading sensor signal processing unit has stopped.
System internal When abnormality is generated in the serial signal from the
"F" | communication External heading sensor signal processing unit.
abnormality (2)
“Gr Master compass When abnormality is generated in the heading monitor signal
heading abnormality of the master compass.
External heading When the External heading sensor signal processing unit
"L" | sensor communication stopped its operation or the serial signal of the external
off sensor has stopped. |
"п" External heading When abnormality is generated in the serial signal from the
sensor data abnormality | External heading sensor. |
"р" LOG (serial) When the LOG stopped its operation or the senal signal from
communication off LOG has stopped. |
"y LOG (serial) data When abnormality is generated in the serial signal from LOG.
abnormality
y LOG contact When abnormality Is generated in the LOG contact.
abnormality
"г" ESV abnormality When abnormality is generated in the power supply for the
serial signal.
CHAPTER 3 OPERATING METHOD
O There are matlers to be attended in starting of this system and operations during running.
These matters are described in each related item in this chapter with CAUTION or
WARNING, etc., which should always be observed.
@Read the Operator's Manual of the automatic steering system carefully prepanng for
occurrence of trouble or alarm in this system, and the emergency steering method
should be well understood to treat such matters smoothly.
A WARNING
3.1
3.2
3.21
General
In this chapter, procedure of operation, start and stop of this system are explained.
Before operation, confirm that each unit of the master compass and the control unit are
properly installed.
For the automatic steering system, read carefully the related Operators Manual in
separate volume supplied by the manufacturer, and perform appropriate preparation and
handling before its operations.
Operating panel
For position and details of the operating panel, read explanation of this chapter referring to
"Figure 7.1 Control Unit" and "Figure 7.2 Operating Panel” attached in the end of this
manual.
Also for the cases of the automatic steering system built-in type and the console built-in
type, confirm the operating panel position by referring to the finished plan of the ship.
Explanation of the operating panel
(1) Power switch / Power indicator
lt is used to start or stop this system.
By pushing this switch after opened the cover, it starts.
After started, close the cover not to push inadvertently.
@ switch
It is used to select the indicated item and the indicated data.
By pushing this switch, data is indicated in order.
By pushing this switch with pressing switch @), data is indicated in
reverse order.
For the indicated data, refer to explanation of data indicator and mode indicator
O.
3 switch
It is used to change data and to change the input system.
Data can be changed for the following items.
Gyro-compass true bearing / ship's speed / latitude / rate of turn
Input system can be changed for the following indicated ilems. *
Ship's speed (MANUAL, GPS, LOG and LOG (senal signat))
Latitude (GYRO and GPS)
@ | ACK/ENT | switch
It determines the changed data and the changed input system.
When an alarm has been generated, pushing this switch causes the alarm buzzer to
stop.
® Switches of [a] and №]
They are used to change data and to change the input system.
Normally they are used to adjust illumination of the indicator.
[A] : It goes brighter.
[V} : It goes darker.
Simultaneous pushing the both switches is used for lamp test.
The data indicator, the mode indicator and all lamps go lit and it buzzes in the lamp
test.
© System selection switch ( GYRO |)
It is used to select the system.
"GYRO" system is select.
For the system selection, refer to "3.4.2 System selection” in this chapter.
@ System select switch ( EXT |)
It is used to select the system.
"External heading sensor” system is selected.
For the system select, refer to "3.4.2 System selection” in this chapter.
Data indicator and 9) Mode indicator
Data indicator (4 figures, 7 segments red LED) : Data is displayed.
Mode indicator (3 figures, 7 segments green LED) : Kind of displayed data is
displayed.
Note:
When the rotor is in stop state, the dot of right end of the mode indicator is lit.
When the rotor is in running state, it is blinking.
When in the follow up state, it is extinguished.
*1 Selectable system is different depending on the system type connected to this system.
(iD
a
Alarm indicator
Alarm status is displayed. When an alarm is generated, it goes blinking.
After switch@ is pushed, it is still lit if alarm state is continued and
goes off if alarm state was restored.
System select indicator
Selected system is displayed.
3.2.2 Indication
(1)
True bearing 1: The true bearing of the sensor selected as system, either the
gyro-compass true bearing or the external heading sensor true
beanng, is displayed.
For the system selection, refer to "3.4.2 System Selection” in this
chapter.
The indicated data in the data and mode indicators are shown below depending
upon the system selection.
System tend in NO. 1 GYRO indication NO. 2 GYRO Indication
5 Data indicator Mode indicator Data indicator Node indicator
№1 680 | 123.4 | 123.4 IL 234.5 CHE]
0.2 CTR 25 | 123.4 mie EN 234.5 SOL
вые | 345-6 | 345.6 —- Е | 345.6 SE]
« Only shaded areas are indicated {or one gyro-compass system.
- The meaning of a display of a "mode indicator” is the following.
aL
S.S.G = Steering Sensor. Gyro-compass
S.5.E = Steering Sensor. External sensor
СЕ
Gyt = Gyro-compass true bearing
selection
: When GPS communication abnormality, LOG (serial signal) communication
abnormality or LOG (contact) abnormality is generated, the data indicator is
blinking.
At this time, if "GYRO" system is selected, operate according to "3.4.4 (2)
Countermeasures when GPS communication abnormality is generated”, "3.4.4 (4)
Countermeasures when LOG (serial signal) communication abnormality is
3—3
generated” or "3.4.4 (5) Countermeasure wen LOG (contact) communication
abnormality is generated” in Chapter 3 Operating Method, because the true
bearing determination is required.
« When communication abnormality with "the extemal heading sensor” is generated,
the data indicator is blinking.
At this time, if "External heading sensor” system is selected, operate according to
"3.4.4 (3) Countermeasures when the extemal heading sensor related
communication abnormality is generated” because the true bearing determination
IS required.
(2) True bearing 2 : The true bearing of the sensor not selected as system, either the
gyro-compass true bearing or the external heading sensor true
bearing, Is displayed.
System Head NO.1 GYRO indication NO. 2GYRO indication
eadin
selection $ Data indicator Node indicator Data indicator Kode indicator
N0.1 GYRO 123.4 345.6
ñ
m
345.6 ||E 5
hum!
NO. 2 GYRO 234.3 345.6 F
с
ГО
345.6 Е 6
ll.
TT
External . Ш
Beading | 345,6 123. 4 Ш
CE
rm
245 LH
Note:
- Only shaded areas are indicated for one gyro-compass system.
- The meaning of a display of a “mode indicator” is the following.
ESE
ESt = External Sensor true bearing
- When communication abnormality with "External heading sensor” is generated,
the data indicator is blinking.
Master bearing: Master compass bearing is displayed.
pren IC AE
Mode indicator B H —
Compass
(4) Latitude: Latitude of the place where the ship is at present is displayed.
Indicated example) Present latitude is 36 degree 50 minute north.
Data indicator — A
7
||
Mode indicator | —
||
t
For the south latitude, if is shown below.
Mode indicator | Н
=
Note :
|
Latitude. North
This shows the north latitude.
Latitude. South
This shows the south latitude.
When GPS communication abnormality is generated, the data indicator goes
blinking.
(5) Ship's speed: Current ship's speed is displayed.
The following example is when the ship's speed input system is "GPS".
Data indicator || —
|
й
Mode indicator | / =
с
Gps. Speed
* When the ship's speed input system is "MANUAL".
Mode indicator HI =
с
Hand. Speed
- When the ship's speed input system is "LOG".
Mode indicator | | =
с
Log. Speed
« When the ship's speed input system is "LOG (serial signal)”.
Mode indicator С =
=
Note :
Serial. Log Speed
« When GPS communication abnormality is generated, the data indicator goes
blinking.
« When LOG (contact) abnormality is generated, the data indicator goes blinking.
- When LOG (senal) abnormality is generated, the data indicator goes blinking.
(6)
Rate of turn : Current ship's turn rate 1s displayed.
Unit of the indicated rate of turn is in degrees / minutes.
The following example shows right turn with 30 degree / minute.
cata indicator [O
Mode indicator —
—
Note :
» The data indicator shows bar indication (blinking) until the master gyro-
compass starts to follow up or when "Exiemal heading sensor” system is
selected.
* When the ship makes left tum, the mode indicator shows minus sign (-) is
indicated in the right end.
E Rate. of turn
Alarm content: Alarm content generated in the gyro-compass is displayed by alarm
code.
For the alarm code indication, refer to "3.4.4 Alarm” in this chapter.
- When alarms are not generated.
i
Data indicator
Mode indicator — Г Г Erro
_ r
- When an alarm is generated.
Alarms are displayed in the data indicator in the generated order from the left
as shown below.
The following example shows that alarms of alarm code 1, 2 and 3 were generated
in the order,
Data indicator | — |
|
Mode indicator — Г (7
Where alarm codes indicated at the same time are up to 4.
If the indicated fourth place dot is extinguished, it shows that more than 5 alarms
were generated.
Example) When alarms of alarm code 1, 2, 3, c and d were generated in the order.
oa
In this case, not-indicated alarm code can be confirmed by pushing [A]
switch as shown below.
Id d=
To return to the previous indication, push [Y] switch.
3—6
3.3 Start and Stop Sequence
This system operates in the sequence shown below.
For each operation in the sequence, refer to "3.4 Start and Running” and "3.5 Stop” in this
chapter.
Start
«4———— Rotang
Stop
|
Last azimuth opération
Sensitive element
erectung operation
1
Settng the stert
bearing
v
Rotor starts
rotating
1
Followup operation
starts
Setting
Stop
“1: When repeater is a serial signal type, this operation is not required because it will
synchronize automatically, however, confirm that the indicated value coincides with "the true
System version number of the control unit and the master
compass are indoated
Rotor brake is activated (for 4 minutes max.).
The dot of right end of the mode ndicator is blinking.
The dot of right end of the mode ndicator goes It.
- The master campass is rotate clockwise 380° |
-Sensitve slement erecting operation starts {for 30 minutss max).
- After compietad tummnz, repeater output and serial output start
"Confirm he satung of the latitudes input eystem and the indicated
latitude. and then sat them again if necessary.
«Confirm the setbng of the ships speed input system and indicated
ship's spaed and then set them agan if necessary.
Refer to “3.4.1 (3) Setting of start bearing”.
Perform rotor’ s rotation for 2 minutes
The dot of right end of the mode ndcator is extingiished
» Synchronize each repeater. (*1)
bearing” selected by this system after the repeater switch turned "ON".
3—7
3.4 Start and running
3.4.1 Start
A CAUTION
® Start this system after tumed the automatic steering system to other mode than "AUTO".
(1) Power tuming ON
Push the power switch © of the operating panel.
System software version number of the control unit and the master compass are
indicated in order as shown below.
- Software version of the control unit
Data indicator | | | || ||
Mode indicator Г Г
- Software version of the master compass
Data indicator [ | || Ш
Mode indicator fl Г —
After turned ON the power, confirm that the rotor stops. The masler compass is
rotate clockwise 360” . (Last azimuth operation)
(2) Setting of timer start time ™
1. Indication automatically maves to current date and time indication after the last
azimuth operation finished.
The following example shows that current date and time is 9 am of the day 22.
| |
Data indicator — — || |—
| |—
ог
Mode indicator I | Г] Current. TIMe
2. To change the current date and time, set it by pushing [A] or Y] switch® Then,
determine them by pushing | ACK/ENT | switch@.
Only push | ACK/ENT | switch@ if the current date and time are not changed.
*1: Forthe case where this function Is not included, after indicating software version, it become the indication
which set up a start bearing.
3. Indication automaticaliy moves to departure date and time indication.
Data indicator
Mode indicator
NU
_ — — SET. time
4. Set the departure date and time by pushing la| or Y switch® and determine
them by pushing | ACK/ENT | swilch@.
Note: When thé current date and time does not reach the previously set
departure date and time, the previously set departure date and time 1s
displayed in the above data indicator.
5. Indication automatically moves to start bearing setting. Set the start bearing.
Refer to "3.4.1 Start (3) Setting of start bearing” in this chapter.
6. The set departure date and time are displayed for 3 seconds after the start beanng
setting. Then, all indications are extinguished except the power switch() and
the timer is started.
Note: This system will start 4 hours before the set date and time.
(3) Setting of start bearing.
After Software version number is indicated for the case without timer start function,
or after departure date and time is indicated for the case with timer start function, the
indicator becomes “start bearing input” indication as shown below.
Data indicator
|
ca
—
Mode indicator
|
E
Initial beanng
1. Set the start bearing by pushing [A] or [v] switch6).
Determine the entered value by pushing switch@.
3. The indicator indicates the gyro-compass true bearing and the master compass
tums to the entered bearing.
Note: When the system starts from the bearing when the last azimuth
operation completed, setting of "the start bearing” is not necessary.
However, push | ACK / ENT | switch@).
if | ACK/ENT | switch@ is not pushed, this system automatically
proceeds 10 the next sequence after 3 minutes.
(4) Setting of latitude input system
A CAUTION
O Change of the latitude input system or a large change of latitude value may cause a
large change of the true bearing.
During the automatic steering, once tum the steering mode of the automatic steering
system to "MANUAL" to prevent a large course changing, and after confirming
surrounding safety of own ship, tum to "AUTO" steering again.
Г
A CAUTION
O When an alam related to GPS (alarm code "c" or "d") is generated and the true bearing
of the gyro-compass has not been determined, once turn the steering mode to
"MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up", then determine the true bearing because erroneous
| bearing information (repeater signal and serial signal) is possible to be outputted to the
outside.
Refer to "3.4.4 (2) Countermeasures when GPS communication abnormality is
generated" in Chapter 3 Operating Method, for determination method of the true bearing.
A CAUTION
®When "GYRO" is selected for the latitude input system, latitude is automatically updated
by the ship's speed and the gyro-compass true bearing. (When the ship's speed input
system is "MANUAL", it is not updated automatically.) During navigalion, confirm once
in 2 hours that the ship's actual [atitude coincides with the indicated latitude.
A CAUTION
@Whenever to complete the setting, push | ACK / ENT | switch@. Changed setting is
not updated unless pushing | ACK / ENT | switch).
1. Let the indicators be to the following indication state by pushing | DISP | switch
O.
Data indicator — H = ||
Mode indicator | H =
3—10
2. After pushed switch®, select either "GPS" or "GYRO" by pushing [a] or
Y] switch6.
Every pushing of [A] or [Y] switch6) caused blinking display of the following two
kinds of data altemately as shown below.
* Input system: GYRO
Sao
“ Input system: GPS
3. Determine it by pushing | ACK/ENT | switch@.
4. When "GYRO" was selecteq, as the latitude is displayed in the data indicator, set
the latitude by pushing [A] or [¥] switch® and push again | ACK/ENT | switch
@.
Hereafter calculated latitude by ship's speed and true bearing is indicated.
(5) Synchronization of the repeater compass '
After the last azimuth operation completed, the repeater signal and the serial signal
are outputted. Tum "OFF" each repeater switch and adjust it to the gyro-compass
true bearing, then turn "ON" the repeater switch.
(6) Settling time
The time to "settled” requires approx. 6 hours maximum although it depends upon
the starting condition.
“1:
When repeater is a serial signal type, this operation is not required because it will synchronize
automatically, however, confirm that the indicated value coincides with "the true bearing”
selected by this system after the repeater switch turned "ON".
3—11
(7) Setting of ship's speed input system
A CAUTION
Oe Change of the ship's input system or large change of ship's speed may cause large
change of the true beanng.
During the automatic steering, once turn the steering mode of the automatic steering
system to "MANUAL" to prevent a large course changing, and after confirming
surrounding safety of own ship, turn to "AUTO" steering again.
LL
A CAUTION
@ When an alarm related to GPS (alarm code "c” or "d”) is generated and the true bearing
of the gyro-compass has not been determined, once tum the steering mode to
"MANUAL" or "Non Foliow Up", then determine the true bearing because erroneous
bearing information (repeater signal and serial signal) is possible to be outputted to the
outside.
Refer to "3.4.4 (2) Countermeasures when GPS communication abnormality is
generated” in Chapter 3 Operaling Method, for determination method of the true bearing.
A CAUTION
@ When alarm regarding to LOG (serial signal) (alarm code "P" or "U") is generated and
the true bearing of the gyro-compass has not been determined, once turn the steering
mode to "MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up”, then determined the true bearing because the
erroneous bearing information (repeater signal and serial signal) is possible to be
outputted to the outside.
Refer to "3.4.4 (4) Countermeasures when LOG (serial) communication abnormality is
generated” in Chapter 3 Operating Method, for determination method of the true bearing.
A CAUTION
| |
O When alarm regarding to LOG (contact) (alarm code "u”) is generated and the true
bearing of the gyro-compass has not been determined, once tum the steering mode to
"MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up”, then determined the true bearing because the erroneous
bearing inforrnation (repeater signal and senal signal) is possible to be outputted to the
outside.
Refer to "3.4.4 (5) Countermeasures when LOG (contact) communication abnormality is
generated” in Chapter 3 Operating Method, for determination method of the true bearing.
A CAUTION
| @The setting of the ship's speed input system (and its values for "MANUAL") is stored, and
when re-started, the previous ship's speed system setting is restored and starts.
When "MANUAL" is selected, stop after ship's speed setting is set to zero knol.
Also, when turned off and on again with "GPS" selected, confirm that GPS is operating
_ properly.
A CAUTION
® Whenever to complete the setting, push | ACK/ENT | switch@. Changed setting is not
updated unless pushing | ACK/ENT | switch@.
1. Let the indicators be in the following ship's speed indication state by pushing
switch The following example is when "GPS" is selected for the ship's speed
input system.
Data indicator || — [| ||
Mode indicator Г, — +
2. Push switch), and select one of either "MANUAL", "GPS", "LOG" or "LOG
(serial signal)" by [A] or № | switch®. The indicators shows the following
successively with blinking.
- Input system: MANUAL
Data indicator H
Mode indicator H
* Input system: GPS
с
Data indicator
JNE (A
E TO
|||
Mode indicator
* Input system: LOG (contact signal)
Data indicator
UE
1 | 0
Mode indicator
* Input system: LOG (serial signal)
—
UE
Mode indicator
Data indicator —
3—13
Confirm that the gyro-compass true bearing indicated in this system coincides with
the heading by some target or by observation.
If there ts some deviation, set the gyro-compass true bearing according to the
following procedure.
1. Let the indicators be in the gyro-compass true bearing indication state by pushing
DISP switch ®.
2. The indicator changes to the following by pushing switch@®, and make the
setting by [A] or [7] switch®.
Data indicator | — — 4
Mode indicator || H -
Offset bearing
3. Determine it by pushing | ACK/ENT | switch@.
Note :
The inputted offset is cleared when system tumed off or when the master
compass passed through the reference angle of master compass heading.
(10) True bearing indication
After all settings are completed, let the indicators be in the true bearing indication
state by pushing switch@. If it is in other indication than the true bearing
indication, it goes to the true beanng indication if no switch operation for 30 seconds.
3.4.2 System selection
A CAUTION
® System selection (switching) may cause large change of the true bearing. During the
automatic steering, once turn the steering mode of the automatic steering system to
"MANUAL" to prevent a large course changing, and after confirming surrounding safety
of own ship, tum to "AUTO" steering again.
Normally use the system by selected the gyro-compass.
(1) Turn "OFF" the repeater switch. ™
(2) To select "GYRO" system, push the system selection switch switch6)
with pressing [ ACK/ENT | switch@.
In the two gyro-compasses system, push the system selection switch ® with
pressing the switch @on the operating panel of the gyro-compass to be
selected.
To select "External heading sensor” system, push the system selection switch
switch(@ with pressing | ACK / ENT | switch@®.
** When repeater is a serial signal type, this operation is not required because it will synchronize
automatically, however, confirm that the indicated value coincides with "the true bearing”
selected by this system after the repeater switch tumed "ON".
3—15
(3)
(4)
When changed system selection, it buzzes shortly three times.
Synchronize the repeater indication connected to this system with the selected
system's bearing. *
Tum "ON" the repeater switch. ^'
3.4.3 Monitoring in running
A CAUTION
BS Change of the ship's speed input system and the latitude input system, or large change
of the ship's speed and the latitude, may cause large change of the gyro-compass true
bearing.
Dunng the automatic steering, once tum the steering mode of the automatic steenng
system to "MANUAL" to prevent a large course changing, and after confirming
surrounding safety of own ship, tum to "AUTO" steering again.
Perform monitoring in running as follows.
(1)
Confirmation of alarm status
Confirm that the alarm indicator lampdD on the operation panel is off.
When abnormality is generated in the system, the alarm indicator lamp goes blinking
and buzzes.
Confirm the alarm code indicated in the indicator, and stop buzzer by pushing
switch).
If the alarm indicator lamp is still on after pushed switch@, the
abnormality continues.
(For the case that abnormality is momentary, the alarm indicator lamp@® is
extinguished at the same time when pushed | ACK/ENT | switch@.)
Take suitable countermeasures according to "3.4.4 Alarm" in this chapter.
Confirmation of the gyro-compass true bearing
Confirm that the gyro-compass true bearing indicated т this system coincides with
the heading by some target or by observation.
If some variation exists, make correction according to "3.4.1 (9) Confirmation of the
true bearing” in this chapter.
*! When repeater is a serial signal type, this operation is not required because it will synchronize
automatically, however, confirm that the indicated value coincides with “the true bearing”
selected by this system after the repeater switch tumed "ON".
(3) Confirmation of the latitude
A CAUTION
@ Change of the latitude input system or large change of the latitude may cause large
change of the true bearing. During the automatic steering, once turn the steering mode
of the automatic steering system to "MANUAL" to prevent a large course changing, and
after confirming surrounding safety of own ship, turn to "AUTO" steering again.
1.
When "GPS" is selected as the latitude input system, the latitude abtained by GPS
is displayed.
Confirm that the latitude value indicated on GPS coincides wilh the latitude value
indicated on the indicator.
When "GYRO" is selected as the latitude input system and other than "MANUAL"
is selected as the ship's speed input system, the latitude is automatically updated.
In this case, confirm the indicated value at every occasion of berth (or anchor) and
in the interval within 2 hours, and if the difference exists from the ship's actual
latitude, set it again according to "3.4.1 Start (4) Setting of the latitude input
system” in this chapter.
Note:
When "MANUAL" is selected as the ship's speed input system, the indicated
latitude value is not updated.
Please enter the ship's actual latitude at every occasion of berth (or anchor) and in
the interval within 2 hours.
(4) Confirmation of the ship's speed
A CAUTION
@ Change of the ship's speed input system or large change of the ship's speed may cause
large change of the true bearing. During the automatic steering, once tum the steering
mode of the automatic steering system to "MANUAL" to prevent a large course
changing, and after confirming surrounding safety of own ship, turn to "AUTO" steering
again.
The gyro-compass generates error due to the ship's speed.
This system calculates error due to the ship's speed and corrected true beanng is
outputted to the external as repeater signal and serial signal.
Confirm that the indicated ship's speed coincides with the ship's actual speed in the
interval within 2 hours, and if the difference exists from the ship's actual speed, set it
again according to "3.4.1 Start (7) Setting of the ship's speed input system” in this
chapter.
3—17
3.4.4 Alarm
A CAUTION
@ When the following alarms are generated, the bearing information from this system may
not be outputted at all or may have large error.
All units operated by the bearing information from this system (in particular, the
automatic steering system, etc.) should be immediately operated according to the
individual emergency operating procedure.
This system generates alarms of the system by buzzer sound and indication of alarm
code.
When an alarm is generated, confirm the alarm code and push | ACK/ENT | switch@ to
stop buzzer sound.
If the alarm is momentary, the alarm indicator goes off by pushing | ACK/ENT | switch
@.
When the alarm indicator@® did not go off by pushing | ACK/ENT | switch@, it shows
that the alarm conditions continues.
When the alarm conditions continue, confirm the alarm code and take suitable
countermeasures referring to "Chapter 4 Troubleshooting”.
(1) Alarm content
1. Power supply abnormality
Alarm code: |
it is alarmed when the power supply for this system was lost.
2. Power supply unit abnormality
Alarm code: =
It is alarmed when the control unit power supply shows over current or over voltage,
or the power supply output goes off.
3. Inverter abnormality
Alarm code:
It is alarmed when the inverter unit in the master compass shows over current or
over voltage.
4. Zero cross abnormality
Alarm code: |
lt is alarmed when reference angle (zero cross angle) of the master compass
bearing can not be detected properly or abnormality is generated in bearing
calculation.
5. System communication abnormality (1)
Alarm code: H
It is alarmed when abnormality is generated in the communication from the master
compass to the control unit.
6. System communication abnormality (2)
Alarm code: H
It is alarmed when abnormality is generated in the communication from the control
unit to the master compass.
7. GPS communication break
Alarm code: Г
lt is alarmed when the serial signal from GPS stops or GPS operation stops.
When this alarm is generated, operate according to "3.4.4 (2) Countermeasures
when GPS communication abnormality generated” in this chapter.
Note: This alarm is generated only when "GYRO" is selected as the system
selection and "GPS" is selected as the ship's speed input system or the
latitude input system.
8. GPS communication data abnormality
Alarm code: o
lt is alarmed when abnormality is generated in the serial signal from GPS.
When this alarm is generated, operate according to "3.4.4 (2) Countermeasures
when GPS communication abnormality generated” in this chapter.
Note: This alarm is generated only when "GYRO" is selected as the system
selection and "GPS" is selected as the ship's speed input system or the
latitude input system.
3—19
10.
11.
12.
13.
System internal communication abnormality (1) (Option)
Alarm code: —
It is alarmed when internal communication from the external heading sensor
signal processing unit built in this system to the gyro-compass operation
processing unit (in this system) stopped.
When "External heading sensor” is selected as system, operate according to
"3.44 (3) Countermeasures when external heading sensor related
communication abnormality is generated” in this chapter.
System intemal communication abnormality (2) (Option)
Alarm code: —
lt is alarmed when abnormality is generated in internal communication from the
external heading sensor signal processing unit built in this system to the gyro-
compass operation processing unit (in this system).
When "External heading sensor” is selected as system, operate according to
"3.4.4 (3) Countermeasures when external heading sensor related
communication abnormality is generated” in this chapter.
Master compass heading abnormality
re
It is alarmed when abnormality is generated in the monitor signal of the master
compass heading.
External heading sensor communication stop
Alarm code: |
It is alarmed when the serial signal from the external heading sensor stopped or
the external heading sensor stopped its operation.
When this alarm is generated, operate according to "3.4.4 (3) Countermeasures
when external heading sensor related communication abnormality is generated”
in this chapter.
External heading sensor data abnormality
Alarm code: Г]
It is alarmed when abnormality is generated in the serial signal from the external
heading sensor.
14.
15.
16.
When this alarm is generated, operate according to "3.4.4 (3) Countermeasures
when external heading sensor related communication abnormality is generated”
in this chapter.
LOG (serial signal) communication stop
Alarm code: H
It is alarmed when the serial signal from LOG (serial) stopped or LOG (señal
signal) stopped its operation.
When this alarm is generated, operate according to "3.4.4 (4) Countermeasures
when LOG (serial) communication abnormality is generated”.
Note: This alarm is generated only when "GYRO" is selected in the system
selection and "LOG (serial signal)" is selected as the ship's speed input
system.
LOG (senal signal) data abnormality
Alarm code: | |
It 1s alarmed when abnormality is generated in the serial signal from LOG (serial
signal).
When this alarm is generated, operate according to "3.4.4 (4) Countermeasures
when LOG (serial signal) communication abnormality is generated”.
Note: This alarm is generated only when "GYRO" is selected in the system
selection and "LOG (serial signal)” is selected as the ship's speed input
system.
LOG (contact) abnormality
Alarm code;
|
It is alarmed when abnormality is generated in LOG (contact)
Note: This alarm is generaled only when "LOG" is selecled for the ship's speed
input system.
17. ESV abnormality
Alarm code: Г
It is alarmed when abnormality is generated in the power supply for the serial
signal.
3-21
(2) Countermeasures when GPS communication abnormality is generated
A CAUTION
O When an alarm related to GPS (alarm code "c" or "d") is generated and the true bearing
of the gyro-compass has not been determined, once tum the steering mode to
"MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up”, then determine the true bearing because erroneous
bearing information (repeater signai and serial signal) is possible to be outputied to the
outside. Refer to "3.4.4 (2) Countermeasures when GPS communication abnormality is
generated" in Chapter 3 Operating Method, for determination method of the true bearing.
A CAUTION
@Determination of the true bearing may cause large change of the outputted bearing
information. During the automatic navigation, great care should be taken because large
course change may be happened.
The true bearing which is currently indicated and outputted to the external is the
corrected value based on the cormected value immediately before GPS alarm was
generated.
1. When "GPS" is selected as the ship's speed input system, select the other mode
than "GPS".
(Refer to "3.4.1 (7) Setting of the ship's speed input system” in this chapter.)
2. When "GPS" is selected as the latitude input system, select the other mode than
"GPS".
(Refer to "3.4.1 (4) Setting of the latitude input system" in this chapter.)
3. As the true bearing indication is blinking showing the true bearing calculated
based on the changed ship's speed and latitude, determine this true bearing by
pushing | ACK / ENT | switch@.
4, The true bearing indication goes lit and the true bearing outputted to the external is
also determined.
(3) Countermeasures when external heading sensor related communication abnormality
is generated
A CAUTION
O When an alam related to the external heading sensor (alarm code “E”, "F”, "L” and "n”) is
generated, the bearing information {repeater signat and serial signal) immediately before
the alarm was generated is outputied to the outside.
Once tum the steering mode to "MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up", and then determine the
true bearing.
After the true bearing is determined, the bearing of this system is outputted to the
outside.
A CAUTION
® Determination of the true bearing may cause large change of the outputted bearing
information. During the automatic navigation, great care should be taken because large
course change may be happened.
When the alarm related to the external heading sensor is generated, the true bearing
of the data indicator® is blinking.
The true bearing which is currently indicated is the bearing immediately before the
alarm was generated if the alarm has been continued, and the bearing currently
received if the alarm has been recovered.
When the alarm is continued, the true bearing cannot be determined.
The true beanng outputted to the external is the bearing immediately before the
alarm was generated.
1. Confirm that the alarm related to the external heading sensor has been recovered.
Push | ACK/ENT | switch@ in the state where the true bearing is indicated.
3. The external heading sensor true bearing indication for the true bearing goes lit,
and the outputted true bearing to the external is also determined true bearing.
N
(4) Countermeasures when LOG (serial signal) communication abnormality is generated
A CAUTION
O When an alam related to LOG (serial signal) (alarm code "P" or "U") is generated and
the true bearing of the gyro-compass has not been determined, once tum the steenng
mode to "MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up", then determine the true bearing because
erroneous bearing information (repeater signal and senal signal) is possible to be
outputted to the outside.
Refer to "3.4.4 (4) Countermeasures when LOG (serial signal) communication
abnormality is generated” in Chapter 3 Operating Method, for determination method of
the true bearing.
A CAUTION
| O Determination of the true bearing may cause large change of the outputted bearing
information. During the automatic navigation, great care should be taken because large
course change may be happened.
When abnormality related to {OG (serial signal) is generated, the data indicator® is
blinking.
The gyro-compass true bearing and the beanng information outputted to the external
which are currently indicated, is the corrected value based on the ship's speed
immediately before the alarm was generated.
1. Select the other than "LOG (serial signal)" for the ship's speed input system.
(Refer to "3.4.1 (7) Setting of the ship's speed input system.)
2. As the gyro-compass true bearing calculated from the corrected ship's speed is
blinking, determine the true bearing by pushing | ACK / ENT | switch®.
3. The true bearing indication goes lit and the true bearing outputted to the external is
also determined.
3-23
(5) Countermeasures when LOG contact abnormality is generated
CAUTION
| @When an alarm related to LOG (contact) (alarm code "u") is generated and the true
3.5
bearing of the gyro-compass has not been determined, once tum the steering mode to
"MANUAL" or "Non Follow Up", then determine the true bearing because erroneous
bearing information (repeater signal and serial signal) is possible to be outputted to the
outside.
Refer to "3.4.4 (6) Countermeasures when LOG (contact) abnormality is generated” in
Chapter 3 Operating Method, for determination method of the true bearing.
|
When abnormality related to LOG (contact) is generated, the data indicator(8) is
blinking.
The gyro-compass true bearing and the bearing information outputted to the external
which are currently indicated, is the corrected value based on the ship's speed
immediately before the alarm was generated.
1. Select the other than "LOG" for the ship's speed input system.
(Refer to "3.4.1 (7) Setting of the ship's speed input system.)
2. As the gyro-compass true bearing calculated from the corrected ship's speed is
blinking, determine the true bearing by pushing | ACK / ENT | switch@).
3. The true bearing indication goes lit and the true bearing outputted to the external 1s
also determined.
Stop
(1) Tum "OFF" the switches of each repeater.
(2) Tum "OFF" the power switch.
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