AOPA ASF Garmin 430/530 Basic Operations

AOPA ASF Garmin 430/530 Basic Operations
CONTROLS
AOPA Air Safety Foundation
Garmin 430/530
Basic Operations
This printable version of the AOPA Air Safety Foundation Garmin 430/530 course
is a quick reference for VFR functions of these units.
The Air Safety Foundation reminds you to always Keep Your Head Up when
using your GPS in visual conditions. Pilots are always responsible for a safe
flight, including avoiding midair collisions.
COM Flip-Flop Key swaps the active and standby COM frequencies. Press and
hold it to automatically tune the emergency frequency (121.5).
VLOC Volume Knob controls volume for the VOR/Localizer (VLOC). Pressing it
momentarily enables or disables the ident tone.
VLOC Flip-flop Key swaps the active and standby VLOC frequencies.
Large Left Knob (COM/VLOC) tunes megahertz (MHz) values for the standby
COM or VLOC frequency.
CONTROLS
COM Power/
Volume Knob
COM Power/Volume Knob controls unit power and COM volume. Pressing it
momentarily disables automatic squelch control.
Small Left Knob (COM/VLOC) tunes the kilohertz (kHz) values for the COM or
VLOC frequency. Pressing the small knob momentarily also toggles the tuning
cursor between the COM and VLOC frequency fields.
GNS 430
Range Key
COM Flip-flop Key
Direct-To Key
VLOC Volume Knob
VLOC Flip-flop Key
Enter Key
Large Left Knob
Small Left Knob
Clear Key
Large Right Knob
Small Right Knob
CDI Key
CDI Key toggles the navigation source (GPS or VLOC) going to the external CDI
or HSI.
Range Key selects the map scale. The up arrow zooms out showing a larger
area. The down arrow zooms in showing a smaller area.
Direct-To Key allows you to enter a destination waypoint and then displays a
direct course to it.
GNS 530
Clear Key erases information or cancel an entry. Press and hold CLR to display
the Default Navigation Page.
COM Flip-flop Key
COM Power/
Volume Knob
VLOC Flip-flop Key
Range Key
Direct-To Key
Enter Key approves an operation or completes data entry. It also confirms
information, like during power on.
VLOC Volume Knob
Clear Key
Enter Key
Large Left Knob
Small Left Knob
CDI Key
Large Right Knob
Small Right Knob
Large Right Knob (GPS) selects between the displayed page groups: NAV,
WPT, AUX or NRST. It also allows you to move the cursor about the page.
Small Right Knob (GPS) selects pages within a group listed above. Pressing it
momentarily displays the cursor.
POWER ON
USING VLOC
The COM power/volume turns the unit on and sets the desired radio volume. The
self test screen will display briefly. If the airplane has an Avionics Master switch,
turn it on.
VLOC refers to tuning and navigating with VOR and localizer (LOC)
signals. All VLOC controls and indicators are located on the left. The
active frequencies are on top, standby on the bottom.
Database Confirmation Database current? Press ENT.
AOPA Air Safety Foundation
recommends using a current
database.
Instrument Panel Self Test Compare the GPS screen with
panel instruments. Everything
OK? Press ENT.
Map Page - When the GPS
has acquired enough satellites
for navigation, the Map page
shows your present position.
Position Entry Cursor - If the tuning cursor is not currently in the
VLOC window, press the small left knob momentarily.
Enter Frequency - The large left knob tunes MHz. Think “big number,
big knob”. The small left knob tunes kHz.
Activate Frequency - The VLOC flip-flop key activates the tuned
frequency. The standby frequency becomes active, and the active
frequency becomes standby.
Adjust Volume - using the VLOC volume knob. Press it momentarily to enable
and disable the navigation aids ident tone.
SELECT NAV SOURCE
The CDI key toggles between GPS and VLOC outputs for the CDI or HSI. The
selected navigation source is displayed just above the CDI key.
CAUTION
Selecting the wrong CDI source is a common but serious problem.
USING THE VHF COM
All COM controls and indicators are located on the left. The active
frequencies are on top, standby on the bottom. Only the standby
frequency can be tuned directly. Once tuned, it is transfered to the
active position.
Position Entry Cursor - If the tuning cursor is not currently in the
COM window, press the small left knob momentarily.
Enter Frequency - The large left knob tunes MHz. Think “big number,
big knob”. The small left knob tunes kHz.
Activate Frequency - The COM flip-flop key activates the tuned
frequency. The standby frequency becomes active, and the active
frequency becomes standby.
Adjust Volume - using the power/volume knob. Press it momentarily to disable
the automatic squelch.
EMERGENCY FREQUENCY
Press and hold the COM flip-flop key for two seconds to quickly tune
121.5.
ABOUT GPS
GPS MAPS
The most frequently used features of any GPS are direct-to, map display, and
nearest airport. All the controls and indicators for the GPS are located on the
right side of the panel.
GNS 430
SELECT DIRECT-TO
Press the Direct-To key. The direct-to page appears, with the cursor on the
waypoint identifier.
GPS Data Entry - Entering waypoints
and other data into the GPS is a three
step process.
1. Enter identifer letters and numbers
2. Confirm it is the correct waypoint.
3. Activate the waypoint for navigation.
Enter Waypoint Identifier - The large
right knob moves the cursor about the
page. The small right knob selects
individual characters.
If you don’t see the cursor, press the
small right knob momentarily. The
cursor allows you to enter data and/or
make a selection from a list of options.
Confirm Waypoint - Press ENT.
Activate Waypoint - Press ENT again.
The selected course is displayed as a
magenta line, and the CDI indicates the
direct course to the waypoint.
Display Default NAV Page - On the
GNS 430, press and hold the CLR key
for two seconds. The default NAV page
is displayed.
The default NAV page shows the
bearing and distance to the active
waypoint, ground speed, and estimated
time of arrival at the active waypoint.
Display Map Page - Turn the small
right knob one click clockwise. The
Map page is displayed. It is the
second in the NAV page group as
indicated below the map.
The Map page shows the active
waypoint identifier, track and distance,
and ground speed.
GNS 530
Display Default NAV Page - On the GNS
530, press and hold the CLR key for two
seconds. The default NAV page is displayed.
This page shows a simplified map, track,
ground speed, and ETE to the active
waypoint.
Display Map Page - Turn the small right
knob one click clockwise. The Map page is
displayed. It is the second in the NAV page
group as indicated below the map.
ADJUST RANGE
Use the RNG key to change the map scale . The up arrow zooms out, the down
arrow zooms in. The current map scale is shown at the lower left corner of the
map.
NEAREST PAGES
Display Nearest Airport Page - Press and hold CLR to display the default NAV
page.
Turn the large right knob to select the
NRST page group. NRST will appear
in the lower right corner of the screen.
The nearest airport page displays
airport identifier, bearing, distance,
and other information. To scroll
through nearby airports, press the
small right knob to activate the cursor,
then use the large right knob to scroll
through the list.
Compliments of the AOPA Air Safety Foundation
800-638-3101
www.aopa.org/asf
GO DIRECT-TO A NEARBY AIRPORT
With the cursor on the desired airport, press the Direct-To key to display the
“select direct-to waypoint” page. The identifier for the previously selected nearby
airport should already be entered.
Go Direct-To the Selected Airport Press ENT to accept the selected
airport’s identifier. Press ENT again
(with “Activate?” highlighted) to
navigate to that airport. The Map
page will be displayed.
LEARN MORE
You can learn more about GPS safety and operation at the following web sites:
AOPA Air Safety Foundation
http://www.aopa.org/asf
Garmin Aviation
http://www.garmin.com/aviation/
Edition 2
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