Fabricator 190 Operator Manual

Fabricator 190 Operator Manual
190
FABRICATOR
MIG WELDING MACHINE
Art # A-07329
Operating Manual
Revision No: AD.01
Operating Features:
Issue Date: March 17, 2006
190
Manual No.: 0-4838
230
V
WE APPRECIATE YOUR BUSINESS!
Congratulations on your new Thermal Arc product. We are proud
to have you as our customer and will strive to provide you with
the best service and reliability in the industry. This product is backed
by our extensive warranty and world-wide service network. To
locate your nearest distributor or service agency call
1-800-752-7621, or visit us on the web at www.Thermalarc.com.
This Operating Manual has been designed to instruct you on the
correct use and operation of your Thermal Arc product. Your
satisfaction with this product and its safe operation is our ultimate
concern. Therefore please take the time to read the entire manual,
especially the Safety Precautions. They will help you to avoid
potential hazards that may exist when working with this product.
YOU ARE IN GOOD COMPANY!
The Brand of Choice for Contractors and Fabricators Worldwide.
Thermal Arc is a Global Brand of Arc Welding Products for
Thermadyne Industries Inc. We manufacture and supply to major
welding industry sectors worldwide including; Manufacturing,
Construction, Mining, Automotive, Aerospace, Engineering, Rural
and DIY/Hobbyist.
We distinguish ourselves from our competition through marketleading, dependable products that have stood the test of time. We
pride ourselves on technical innovation, competitive prices,
excellent delivery, superior customer service and technical support,
together with excellence in sales and marketing expertise.
Above all, we are committed to develop technologically advanced
products to achieve a safer working environment within the welding
industry.
WARNINGS
Read and understand this entire Manual and your employer’s safety practices before installing,
operating, or servicing the equipment.
While the information contained in this Manual represents the Manufacturer's best judgement,
the Manufacturer assumes no liability for its use.
Fabricator 190 MIG Welding Machine
Instruction Manual Number 0-4838 for:
Package System Part Number W1001500
Power Source Part Number 707209
Published by:
Thermadyne Industries, Inc.
82 Benning Street
West Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA 03784
(603) 298-5711
www.thermalarc.com
Copyright 2006 by
Thermadyne Industries, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Reproduction of this work, in whole or in part, without written permission of the publisher is prohibited.
The publisher does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any
loss or damage caused by any error or omission in this Manual, whether such error
results from negligence, accident, or any other cause.
Publication Date: March 17, 2006
Record the following information for Warranty purposes:
Where Purchased:
___________________________________
Purchase Date:
___________________________________
Equipment Serial #:
___________________________________
i
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1:
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS ....................................................... 1-1
1.01
1.02
1.03
1.04
1.05
1.06
1.07
Arc Welding Hazards ...................................................................................... 1-1
Principal Safety Standards ............................................................................. 1-4
Symbol Chart ................................................................................................. 1-5
Precautions De Securite En Soudage à L’arc .................................................. 1-6
Dangers Relatifs au Soudage à L’arc .............................................................. 1-6
Principales Normes De Securite ..................................................................... 1-9
Graphique de Symbole ................................................................................. 1-10
SECTION 2:
INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................... 2-1
2.01 How To Use This Manual ................................................................................ 2-1
2.02 Equipment Identification................................................................................. 2-1
2.03 Receipt Of Equipment ..................................................................................... 2-1
2.04 General Information ....................................................................................... 2-2
2.05 Safety ............................................................................................................. 2-2
2.06 Protective Filter Lenses .................................................................................. 2-2
2.07 Welding Protection ......................................................................................... 2-2
2.08 User Responsibility ........................................................................................ 2-3
2.09 Duty Cycle ...................................................................................................... 2-3
2.10 MIG Gun Specifications .................................................................................. 2-3
2.11 Options and Accessories ................................................................................ 2-3
2.12 Power Supply Specifications .......................................................................... 2-4
2.13 Wire Drive Specifications ............................................................................... 2-5
2.14 Fabricator 190 Package System Contents ...................................................... 2-5
SECTION 3:
INSTALLATION ....................................................................................... 3-1
3.01
3.02
3.03
3.04
3.05
3.06
3.07
3.08
3.09
3.10
3.11
Environment ................................................................................................... 3-1
Location ......................................................................................................... 3-1
Ventilation ...................................................................................................... 3-1
Mains Supply Voltage Requirements .............................................................. 3-2
Quick Set Up................................................................................................... 3-3
Installation of Shielding Gas (GMAW) Process .............................................. 3-4
Attaching the Gun and Cable Assembly to the Power Source ......................... 3-6
Feedrolls ......................................................................................................... 3-8
Installing Wire Spool ...................................................................................... 3-9
Inserting Wire into the Feedhead and Welding Gun ...................................... 3-10
Polarity Changeover ..................................................................................... 3-12
TABLETABLE
OF CONTENTS
OF CONTENTS
(continued)
SECTION 4:
OPERATION ........................................................................................... 4-1
4.01 Inside Panel .................................................................................................... 4-1
4.02 Power Supply Front Panel ............................................................................. 4-2
4.03 TWECO Weldskill MIG Gun ............................................................................. 4-5
4.04 Gun Consumable Parts ................................................................................... 4-5
4.05 Installing A New Wire Conduit Liner ............................................................... 4-6
4.06 MIG Gun Maintenance .................................................................................... 4-7
4.07 Basic Welding Technique ................................................................................ 4-7
4.08 Technical Tips ................................................................................................. 4-9
4.09 Spot Welding Operation ............................................................................... 4-10
4.10 Gas Selection for Gas Metal Arc Welding ..................................................... 4-11
4.11 Welding Setting Selection Guide .................................................................. 4-12
SECTION 5:
SERVICE .............................................................................................. 5-1
5.01 Routine Maintenance & Inspection................................................................. 5-1
5.02 Basic Troubleshooting .................................................................................... 5-3
5.03 Solving Problems Beyond the Welding Terminals .......................................... 5-3
5.04 Welding Problems .......................................................................................... 5-5
5.05 Power Supply Problems ................................................................................. 5-7
APPENDIX 1: OPTIONS AND ACCESSORIES ........................................................... A-1
APPENDIX 2: POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT DIAGRAM ................................................... A-2
LIMITED WARRANTY
WARRANTY SCHEDULE
GLOBAL CUSTOMER SERVICE CONTACT INFORMATION .......................... Inside Rear Cover
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
SECTION 1:
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS
!
WARNING
PROTECT YOURSELF AND OTHERS FROM POSSIBLE SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH. KEEP CHILDREN AWAY. PACEMAKER WEARERS KEEP
AWAY UNTIL CONSULTING YOUR DOCTOR. DO NOT LOSE THESE INSTRUCTIONS. READ OPERATING/INSTRUCTION MANUAL BEFORE
INSTALLING, OPERATING OR SERVICING THIS EQUIPMENT.
Welding products and welding processes can cause serious injury or death, or damage to other equipment or property, if the operator does not
strictly observe all safety rules and take precautionary actions.
Safe practices have developed from past experience in the use of welding and cutting. These practices must be learned through study and
training before using this equipment. Some of these practices apply to equipment
connected to power lines; other practices apply to engine driven equipment. Anyone not having extensive
training in welding and cutting practices should not attempt to weld.
Safe practices are outlined in the American National Standard Z49.1 entitled: SAFETY IN WELDING AND CUTTING. This publication and other
guides to what you should learn before operating this equipment are listed at the end of these safety precautions. HAVE ALL INSTALLATION,
OPERATION, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR WORK PERFORMED ONLY BY QUALIFIED PEOPLE.
1.01
Arc Welding Hazards
7. Use fully insulated electrode holders. Never dip holder in water to
cool it or lay it down on the ground or the work surface. Do not
touch holders connected to two welding machines at the same
time or touch other people with the holder or electrode.
8. Do not use worn, damaged, undersized, or poorly spliced cables.
WARNING
9. Do not wrap cables around your body.
10. Ground the workpiece to a good electrical (earth) ground.
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
11. Do not touch electrode while in contact with the work (ground)
circuit.
Touching live electrical parts can cause fatal shocks or
severe burns. The electrode and work circuit is electrically
live whenever the output is on. The input power circuit
and machine internal circuits are also live when power
is on. In semiautomatic or automatic wire welding, the
wire, wire reel, drive roll housing, and all metal parts
touching the welding wire are electrically live. Incorrectly
installed or improperly grounded equipment is a hazard.
12. Use only well-maintained equipment. Repair or replace damaged
parts at once.
1. Do not touch live electrical parts.
13. In confined spaces or damp locations, do not use a welder with
AC output unless it is equipped with a voltage reducer. Use
equipment with DC output.
14. Wear a safety harness to prevent falling if working above floor
level.
15. Keep all panels and covers securely in place.
2. Wear dry, hole-free insulating gloves and body protection.
3. Insulate yourself from work and ground using dry insulating mats
or covers.
4. Disconnect input power or stop engine before installing or
servicing this equipment. Lock input power disconnect switch
open, or remove line fuses so power cannot be turned on
accidentally.
5. Properly install and ground this equipment according to its Owner’s
Manual and national, state, and local codes.
6. Turn off all equipment when not in use. Disconnect power to
equipment if it will be left unattended or out of service.
WARNING
ARC RAYS can burn eyes and skin; NOISE can damage
hearing. Arc rays from the welding process produce
intense heat and strong ultraviolet rays that can burn
eyes and skin. Noise from some processes can damage
hearing.
1. Wear a welding helmet fitted with a proper shade of filter (see
ANSI Z49.1 listed in Safety Standards) to protect your face and
eyes when welding or watching.
2. Wear approved safety glasses. Side shields recommended.
March 17, 2006
1-1
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
3. Use protective screens or barriers to protect others from flash
and glare; warn others not to watch the arc.
WARNING
4. Wear protective clothing made from durable, flame-resistant
material (wool and leather) and foot protection.
WELDING can cause fire or explosion.
5. Use approved ear plugs or ear muffs if noise level is high.
Sparks and spatter fly off from the welding arc. The flying
sparks and hot metal, weld spatter, hot workpiece, and
hot equipment can cause fires and burns. Accidental
contact of electrode or welding wire to metal objects
can cause sparks, overheating, or fire.
WARNING
FUMES AND GASES can be hazardous to your health.
1. Protect yourself and others from flying sparks and hot metal.
Welding produces fumes and gases. Breathing these
fumes and gases can be hazardous to your health.
2. Do not weld where flying sparks can strike flammable material.
1. Keep your head out of the fumes. Do not breath the fumes.
3. Remove all flammables within 35 ft (10.7 m) of the welding arc.
If this is not possible, tightly cover them with approved covers.
2. If inside, ventilate the area and/or use exhaust at the arc to remove
welding fumes and gases.
4. Be alert that welding sparks and hot materials from welding can
easily go through small cracks and openings to adjacent areas.
3. If ventilation is poor, use an approved air-supplied respirator.
5. Watch for fire, and keep a fire extinguisher nearby.
4. Read the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) and the
manufacturer’s instruction for metals, consumables, coatings, and
cleaners.
6. Be aware that welding on a ceiling, floor, bulkhead, or partition
can cause fire on the hidden side.
5. Work in a confined space only if it is well ventilated, or while
wearing an air-supplied respirator. Shielding gases used for
welding can displace air causing injury or death. Be sure the
breathing air is safe.
6. Do not weld in locations near degreasing, cleaning, or spraying
operations. The heat and rays of the arc can react with vapors to
form highly toxic and irritating gases.
7. Do not weld on closed containers such as tanks or drums.
8. Connect work cable to the work as close to the welding area as
practical to prevent welding current from traveling long, possibly
unknown paths and causing electric shock and fire hazards.
9. Do not use welder to thaw frozen pipes.
10. Remove stick electrode from holder or cut off welding wire at
contact tip when not in use.
7. Do not weld on coated metals, such as galvanized, lead, or
cadmium plated steel, unless the coating is removed from the
weld area, the area is well ventilated, and if necessary, while
wearing an air-supplied respirator. The coatings and any metals
containing these elements can give off toxic fumes if welded.
Eye protection filter shade selector for welding or cutting
(goggles or helmet), from AWS A6.2-73.
Welding or cutting
Torch soldering
Torch brazing
Oxygen Cutting
Light
Medium
Heavy
Gas welding
Light
Medium
Heavy
Shielded metal-arc
1-2
Electrode Size
Filter
2
3 or 4
Under 1 in., 25 mm
1 to 6 in., 25-150 mm
Over 6 in., 150 mm
3 or 4
4 or 5
5 or 6
Under 1/8 in., 3 mm
1/8 to 1/2 in., 3-12 mm
Over 1/2 in., 12 mm
Under 5/32 in., 4 mm
5/32 to 1/4 in.,
Over 1/4 in., 6.4 mm
4 or 5
5 or 6
6 or 8
10
12
14
Welding or cutting
Electrode Size
Gas metal-arc
Non-ferrous base metal
All
Ferrous base metal
All
Gas tungsten arc welding
All
(TIG)
All
Atomic hydrogen welding
All
Carbon arc welding
All
Plasma arc welding
Carbon arc air gouging
Light
Heavy
Plasma arc cutting
Light Under 300 Amp
Medium 300 to 400 Amp
Heavy Over 400 Amp
Filter
11
12
12
12
12
12
12
14
9
12
14
March 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
WARNING
FLYING SPARKS AND HOT METAL can cause injury.
Chipping and grinding cause flying metal. As welds cool,
they can throw off slag.
1. Wear approved face shield or safety goggles. Side shields
recommended.
2. Wear proper body protection to protect skin.
WARNING
2. If used in a closed area, vent engine exhaust outside and away
from any building air intakes.
WARNING
ENGINE FUEL can cause fire or explosion.
Engine fuel is highly flammable.
1. Stop engine before checking or adding fuel.
2. Do not add fuel while smoking or if unit is near any sparks or
open flames.
3. Allow engine to cool before fueling. If possible, check and add
fuel to cold engine before beginning job.
CYLINDERS can explode if damaged.
4. Do not overfill tank — allow room for fuel to expand.
Shielding gas cylinders contain gas under high pressure.
If damaged, a cylinder can explode. Since gas cylinders
are normally part of the welding process, be sure to treat
them carefully.
5. Do not spill fuel. If fuel is spilled, clean up before starting engine.
1. Protect compressed gas cylinders from excessive heat, mechanical
shocks, and arcs.
WARNING
MOVING PARTS can cause injury.
2. Install and secure cylinders in an upright position by chaining
them to a stationary support or equipment cylinder rack to prevent
falling or tipping.
Moving parts, such as fans, rotors, and belts can cut fingers and hands
and catch loose clothing.
3. Keep cylinders away from any welding or other electrical circuits.
1. Keep all doors, panels, covers, and guards closed and
securely in place.
4. Never allow a welding electrode to touch any cylinder.
2. Stop engine before installing or connecting unit.
5. Use only correct shielding gas cylinders, regulators, hoses, and
fittings designed for the specific application; maintain them and
associated parts in good condition.
3. Have only qualified people remove guards or covers for
maintenance and troubleshooting as necessary.
6. Turn face away from valve outlet when opening cylinder valve.
4. To prevent accidental starting during servicing, disconnect
negative (-) battery cable from battery.
7. Keep protective cap in place over valve except when cylinder is in
use or connected for use.
5. Keep hands, hair, loose clothing, and tools away from moving
parts.
8. Read and follow instructions on compressed gas cylinders,
associated equipment, and CGA publication P-1 listed in Safety
Standards.
6. Reinstall panels or guards and close doors when servicing
is finished and before starting engine.
!
WARNING
Engines can be dangerous.
WARNING
SPARKS can cause BATTERY GASES TO EXPLODE;
BATTERY ACID can burn eyes and skin.
Batteries contain acid and generate explosive gases.
WARNING
1. Always wear a face shield when working on a battery.
2. Stop engine before disconnecting or connecting battery cables.
ENGINE EXHAUST GASES can kill.
3. Do not allow tools to cause sparks when working on a battery.
Engines produce harmful exhaust gases.
4. Do not use welder to charge batteries or jump start vehicles.
1. Use equipment outside in open, well-ventilated areas.
5. Observe correct polarity (+ and –) on batteries.
March 17, 2006
1-3
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
1.02
WARNING
STEAM AND PRESSURIZED HOT COOLANT can burn
face, eyes, and skin.
The coolant in the radiator can be very hot and under
pressure.
1. Do not remove radiator cap when engine is hot. Allow engine to
cool.
2. Wear gloves and put a rag over cap area when removing cap.
3. Allow pressure to escape before completely removing cap.
!
WARNING
This product, when used for welding or cutting, produces
fumes or gases which contain chemicals know to the
State of California to cause birth defects and, in some
cases, cancer. (California Health & Safety code Sec.
25249.5 et seq.)
NOTE
Principal Safety Standards
Safety in Welding and Cutting, ANSI Standard Z49.1, from American
Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd., Miami, FL 33126.
Safety and Health Standards, OSHA 29 CFR 1910, from Superintendent
of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
20402.
Recommended Safe Practices for the Preparation for Welding and
Cutting of Containers That Have Held Hazardous Substances, American
Welding Society Standard AWS F4.1, from American Welding Society,
550 N.W. LeJeune Rd., Miami, FL 33126.
National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard 70, from National Fire
Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, CGA Pamphlet P1, from Compressed Gas Association, 1235 Jefferson Davis Highway,
Suite 501, Arlington, VA 22202.
Code for Safety in Welding and Cutting, CSA Standard W117.2, from
Canadian Standards Association, Standards Sales, 178 Rexdale
Boulevard, Rexdale, Ontario, Canada M9W 1R3.
Safe Practices for Occupation and Educational Eye and Face Protection,
ANSI Standard Z87.1, from American National Standards Institute,
1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018.
Cutting and Welding Processes, NFPA Standard 51B, from National
Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
Considerations About Welding And The Effects of Low
Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields
The following is a quotation from the General Conclusions Section of
the U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Biological Effects
of
Power
Frequency Electric & Magnetic Fields - Background Paper, OTA-BP-E63 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, May 1989):
“...there is now a very large volume of scientific findings based on
experiments at the cellular level and from studies with animals and
people which clearly establish that low frequency magnetic fields and
interact with, and produce changes in, biological systems. While most
of this work is of very high quality, the results are complex. Current
scientific understanding does not yet allow us to interpret the evidence
in a single coherent framework. Even more frustrating, it does not yet
allow us to draw definite conclusions about questions of possible risk
or to offer clear science-based advice on strategies to minimize or
avoid potential risks.”
To reduce magnetic fields in the workplace, use the following
procedures.
1. Keep cables close together by twisting or taping them.
2. Arrange cables to one side and away from the operator.
3. Do not coil or drape cable around the body.
4. Keep welding power source and cables as far away from
body as practical.
ABOUT PACEMAKERS:
The above procedures are among those also normally
recommended for pacemaker wearers. Consult your
doctor for complete information.
1-4
March 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
1.03
Symbol Chart
Note that only some of these symbols will appear on your model.
On
Single Phase
Wire Feed Function
Off
Three Phase
Wire Feed Towards
Workpiece With
Output Voltage Off.
Dangerous Voltage
Three Phase Static
Frequency ConverterTransformer-Rectifier
Welding Gun
Increase/Decrease
Remote
Purging Of Gas
Duty Cycle
Continuous Weld
Mode
Percentage
Spot Weld Mode
Circuit Breaker
AC Auxiliary Power
115V 15A
March 17, 2006
X
%
Fuse
Panel/Local
Amperage
Shielded Metal
Arc Welding (SMAW)
Voltage
Gas Metal Arc
Welding (GMAW)
Hertz (cycles/sec)
Gas Tungsten Arc
Welding (GTAW)
Frequency
Air Carbon Arc
Cutting (CAC-A)
Negative
Constant Current
Positive
Constant Voltage
Or Constant Potential
Direct Current (DC)
High Temperature
Protective Earth
(Ground)
Fault Indication
Line
Arc Force
Line Connection
Touch Start (GTAW)
Auxiliary Power
Variable Inductance
Receptacle RatingAuxiliary Power
V
t
Spot Time
Preflow Time
t1
t2
Postflow Time
2 Step Trigger
Operation
Press to initiate wirefeed and
welding, release to stop.
4 Step Trigger
Operation
Press and hold for preflow, release
to start arc. Press to stop arc, and
hold for preflow.
t
Burnback Time
IPM
Inches Per Minute
MPM
Meters Per Minute
Voltage Input
Art # A-04130
1-5
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
1.04
Precautions De Securite En Soudage A L’arc
!
MISE EN GARDE
LE SOUDAGE A L’ARC EST DANGEREUX
PROTEGEZ-VOUS, AINSI QUE LES AUTRES, CONTRE LES BLESSURES GRAVES POSSIBLES OU LA MORT. NE LAISSEZ PAS LES ENFANTS
S’APPROCHER, NI LES PORTEURS DE STIMULATEUR CARDIAQUE (A MOINS QU’ILS N’AIENT CONSULTE UN MEDECIN). CONSERVEZ CES
INSTRUCTIONS. LISEZ LE MANUEL D’OPERATION OU LES INSTRUCTIONS AVANT D’INSTALLER, UTILISER OU ENTRETENIR CET EQUIPEMENT.
Les produits et procédés de soudage peuvent sauser des blessures graves ou la mort, de même que des dommages au reste du matériel et à la
propriété, si l’utilisateur n’adhère pas strictement à toutes les règles de sécurité et ne prend pas les précautions nécessaires.
En soudage et coupage, des pratiques sécuritaires se sont développées suite à l’expérience passée. Ces pratiques doivent être apprises par
étude ou entraînement avant d’utiliser l’equipement. Toute personne n’ayant pas suivi un entraînement intensif en soudage et coupage ne devrait
pas tenter de souder. Certaines pratiques concernent les équipements raccordés aux lignes d’alimentation alors que d’autres s’adressent aux
groupes électrogènes.
La norme Z49.1 de l’American National Standard, intitulée “SAFETY IN WELDING AND CUTTING” présente les pratiques sécuritaires à suivre.
Ce document ainsi que d’autres guides que vous devriez connaître avant d’utiliser cet équipement sont présentés à la fin de ces instructions de
sécurité.
SEULES DES PERSONNES QUALIFIEES DOIVENT FAIRE DES TRAVAUX D’INSTALLATION, DE REPARATION, D’ENTRETIEN ET D’ESSAI.
1.05
Dangers relatifs au soudage à l’arc
AVERTISSEMENT
L’ELECTROCUTION PEUT ETRE MORTELLE.
6. Arrêtez tout équipement après usage. Coupez l’alimentation de
l’équipement s’il est hors d’usage ou inutilisé.
7. N’utilisez que des porte-électrodes bien isolés. Ne jamais plonger
les porte-électrodes dans l’eau pour les refroidir. Ne jamais les
laisser traîner par terre ou sur les pièces à souder. Ne touchez
pas aux porte-électrodes raccordés à deux sources de courant en
même temps. Ne jamais toucher quelqu’un d’autre avec l’électrode
ou le porte-électrode.
8. N’utilisez pas de câbles électriques usés, endommagés, mal
épissés ou de section trop petite.
9. N’enroulez pas de câbles électriques autour de votre corps.
Une décharge électrique peut tuer ou brûler gravement.
L’électrode et le circuit de soudage sont sous tension
dès la mise en circuit. Le circuit d’alimentation et les
circuits internes de l’équipement sont aussi sous tension dès la mise en marche. En soudage automatique
ou semi-automatique avec fil, ce dernier, le rouleau ou
la bobine de fil, le logement des galets d’entrainement
et toutes les pièces métalliques en contact avec le fil de
soudage sont sous tension. Un équipement
inadéquatement installé ou inadéquatement mis à la terre
est dangereux.
10. N’utilisez qu’une bonne prise de masse pour la mise à la terre de
la pièce à souder.
11. Ne touchez pas à l’électrode lorsqu’en contact avec le circuit de
soudage (terre).
12. N’utilisez que des équipements en bon état. Réparez ou remplacez
aussitôt les pièces endommagées.
13. Dans des espaces confinés ou mouillés, n’utilisez pas de source
de courant alternatif, à moins qu’il soit muni d’un réducteur de
tension. Utilisez plutôt une source de courant continu.
14. Portez un harnais de sécurité si vous travaillez en hauteur.
1. Ne touchez pas à des pièces sous tension.
15. Fermez solidement tous les panneaux et les capots.
2. Portez des gants et des vêtements isolants, secs et non troués.
3
Isolez-vous de la pièce à souder et de la mise à la terre au moyen
de tapis isolants ou autres.
4. Déconnectez la prise d’alimentation de l’équipement ou arrêtez le
moteur avant de l’installer ou d’en faire l’entretien. Bloquez le
commutateur en circuit ouvert ou enlevez les fusibles de
l’alimentation afin d’éviter une mise en marche accidentelle.
5. Veuillez à installer cet équipement et à le mettre à la terre selon le
manuel d’utilisation et les codes nationaux, provinciaux et locaux
applicables.
1-6
March 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
AVERTISSEMENT
AVERTISSEMENT
LE RAYONNEMENT DE L’ARC PEUT BRÛLER LES YEUX
ET LA PEAU; LE BRUIT PEUT ENDOMMAGER L’OUIE.
LES VAPEURS ET LES FUMEES SONT DANGEREUSES
POUR LA SANTE.
L’arc de soudage produit une chaleur et des rayons
ultraviolets intenses, susceptibles de brûler les yeux et
la peau. Le bruit causé par certains procédés peut
endommager l’ouïe.
Le soudage dégage des vapeurs et des fumées
dangereuses à respirer.
1. Eloignez la tête des fumées pour éviter de les respirer.
1. Portez une casque de soudeur avec filtre oculaire de nuance
appropriée (consultez la norme ANSI Z49 indiquée ci-après) pour
vous protéger le visage et les yeux lorsque vous soudez ou que
vous observez l’exécution d’une soudure.
2. A l’intérieur, assurez-vous que l’aire de soudage est bien ventilée
ou que les fumées et les vapeurs sont aspirées à l’arc.
2. Portez des lunettes de sécurité approuvées. Des écrans latéraux
sont recommandés.
4. Lisez les fiches signalétiques et les consignes du fabricant relatives aux métaux, aux produits consummables, aux revêtements
et aux produits nettoyants.
3. Entourez l’aire de soudage de rideaux ou de cloisons pour protéger
les autres des coups d’arc ou de l’éblouissement; avertissez les
observateurs de ne pas regarder l’arc.
4. Portez des vêtements en matériaux ignifuges et durables (laine et
cuir) et des chaussures de sécurité.
5. Portez un casque antibruit ou des bouchons d’oreille approuvés
lorsque le niveau de bruit est élevé.
3. Si la ventilation est inadequate, portez un respirateur à adduction
d’air approuvé.
5. Ne travaillez dans un espace confiné que s’il est bien ventilé; sinon,
portez un respirateur à adduction d’air. Les gaz protecteurs de
soudage peuvent déplacer l’oxygène de l’air et ainsi causer des
malaises ou la mort. Assurez-vous que l’air est propre à la respiration.
6. Ne soudez pas à proximité d’opérations de dégraissage, de
nettoyage ou de pulvérisation. La chaleur et les rayons de l’arc
peuvent réagir avec des vapeurs et former des gaz hautement
toxiques et irritants.
SELECTION DES NUANCES DE FILTRES OCULAIRS POUR LA PROTECTION
DES YEUX EN COUPAGE ET SOUDAGE (selon AWS á 8.2-73)
Dimension d'électrode ou
Epiasseur de métal ou
Intensité de courant
Nuance de
filtre oculaire
Brassage tendre
au chalumeau
toutes conditions
2
Brassage fort
au chalumeau
toutes conditions
3 ou 4
Opération de coupage
ou soudage
Soudage á l'arc sous gaz
avec fil plein (GMAW)
métaux non-ferreux
toutes conditions
11
métaux ferreux
toutes conditions
12
toutes conditions
12
toutes conditions
12
toutes conditions
12
toutes dimensions
12
Oxycoupage
mince
moins de 1 po. (25 mm)
moyen de 1 á 6 po. (25 á 150 mm)
épais
plus de 6 po. (150 mm)
2 ou 3
4 ou 5
5 ou 6
Soudage aux gaz
Dimension d'électrode ou
Nuance de
Epiasseur de métal ou
filtre oculaire
Intensité de courant
Opération de coupage
ou soudage
Soudage á l'arc sous gaz avec
électrode de tungstène (GTAW)
Soudage á l'hydrogène
atomique (AHW)
Soudage á l'arc avec
électrode de carbone (CAW)
Soudage á l'arc Plasma (PAW)
mince
moins de 1/8 po. (3 mm)
moyen de 1/8 á 1/2 po. (3 á 12 mm)
épais
Soudage á l'arc avec
électrode enrobees
(SMAW)
4 ou 5
Gougeage Air-Arc avec
électrode de carbone
5 ou 6
mince
12
plus de 1/2 po. (12 mm)
6 ou 8
épais
14
moins de 5/32 po. (4 mm)
10
5/32 á 1/4 po. (4 á 6.4 mm)
12
mince
moins de 300 amperès
9
plus de 1/4 po. (6.4 mm)
14
moyen
de 300 á 400 amperès
12
plus de 400 amperès
14
Coupage á l'arc Plasma (PAC)
épais
March 17, 2006
1-7
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
7. Ne soudez des tôles galvanisées ou plaquées au plomb ou au
cadmium que si les zones à souder ont été grattées à fond, que si
l’espace est bien ventilé; si nécessaire portez un respirateur à adduction d’air. Car ces revêtements et tout métal qui contient ces
éléments peuvent dégager des fumées toxiques au moment du
soudage.
AVERTISSEMENT
AVERTISSEMENT
LES ETINCELLES ET LES PROJECTIONS BRULANTES
PEUVENT CAUSER DES BLESSURES.
Le piquage et le meulage produisent des particules
métalliques volantes. En refroidissant, la soudure peut
projeter du éclats de laitier.
LE SOUDAGE PEUT CAUSER UN INCENDIE OU UNE
EXPLOSION
1. Portez un écran facial ou des lunettes protectrices
approuvées. Des écrans latéraux sont recommandés.
L’arc produit des étincellies et des projections. Les
particules volantes, le métal chaud, les projections de
soudure et l’équipement surchauffé peuvent causer un
incendie et des brûlures. Le contact accidentel de
l’électrode ou du fil-électrode avec un objet métallique
peut provoquer des étincelles, un échauffement ou un
incendie.
2. Portez des vêtements appropriés pour protéger la peau.
1. Protégez-vous, ainsi que les autres, contre les étincelles et du
métal chaud.
2. Ne soudez pas dans un endroit où des particules volantes ou des
projections peuvent atteindre des matériaux inflammables.
3. Enlevez toutes matières inflammables dans un rayon de 10, 7
mètres autour de l’arc, ou couvrez-les soigneusement avec des
bâches approuvées.
4. Méfiez-vous des projections brulantes de soudage susceptibles
de pénétrer dans des aires adjacentes par de petites ouvertures
ou fissures.
5. Méfiez-vous des incendies et gardez un extincteur à portée de la
main.
6. N’oubliez pas qu’une soudure réalisée sur un plafond, un plancher,
une cloison ou une paroi peut enflammer l’autre côté.
7. Ne soudez pas un récipient fermé, tel un réservoir ou un baril.
8. Connectez le câble de soudage le plus près possible de la zone
de soudage pour empêcher le courant de suivre un long parcours
inconnu, et prévenir ainsi les risques d’électrocution et d’incendie.
AVERTISSEMENT
LES BOUTEILLES ENDOMMAGEES PEUVENT
EXPLOSER
Les bouteilles contiennent des gaz protecteurs sous
haute pression. Des bouteilles endommagées peuvent
exploser. Comme les bouteilles font normalement partie
du procédé de soudage, traitez-les avec soin.
1. Protégez les bouteilles de gaz comprimé contre les sources de
chaleur intense, les chocs et les arcs de soudage.
2. Enchainez verticalement les bouteilles à un support ou à un cadre
fixe pour les empêcher de tomber ou d’être renversées.
3. Eloignez les bouteilles de tout circuit électrique ou de tout soudage.
4. Empêchez tout contact entre une bouteille et une électrode de
soudage.
5. N’utilisez que des bouteilles de gaz protecteur, des détendeurs,
des boyauxs et des raccords conçus pour chaque application
spécifique; ces équipements et les pièces connexes doivent être
maintenus en bon état.
6. Ne placez pas le visage face à l’ouverture du robinet de la bouteille
lors de son ouverture.
9. Ne dégelez pas les tuyaux avec un source de courant.
10. Otez l’électrode du porte-électrode ou coupez le fil au tube-contact lorsqu’inutilisé après le soudage.
11. Portez des vêtements protecteurs non huileux, tels des gants en
cuir, une chemise épaisse, un pantalon revers, des bottines de
sécurité et un casque.
7. Laissez en place le chapeau de bouteille sauf si en utilisation ou
lorsque raccordé pour utilisation.
8. Lisez et respectez les consignes relatives aux bouteilles de gaz
comprimé et aux équipements connexes, ainsi que la publication
P-1 de la CGA, identifiée dans la liste de documents ci-dessous.
AVERTISSEMENT
LES MOTEURS PEUVENT ETRE DANGEREUX
LES GAZ D’ECHAPPEMENT DES MOTEURS PEUVENT
ETRE MORTELS.
Les moteurs produisent des gaz d’échappement nocifs.
1-8
March 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
1. Utilisez l’équipement à l’extérieur dans des aires ouvertes et bien
ventilées.
Les accumulateurs contiennent de l’électrolyte acide et
dégagent des vapeurs explosives.
2. Si vous utilisez ces équipements dans un endroit confiné, les
fumées d’échappement doivent être envoyées à l’extérieur, loin
des prises d’air du bâtiment.
1. Portez toujours un écran facial en travaillant sur un accumu-lateur.
AVERTISSEMENT
LE CARBURANT PEUR CAUSER UN INCENDIE OU UNE
EXPLOSION.
Le carburant est hautement inflammable.
2. Arrêtez le moteur avant de connecter ou de déconnecter des câbles
d’accumulateur.
3. N’utilisez que des outils anti-étincelles pour travailler sur un
accumulateur.
4. N’utilisez pas une source de courant de soudage pour charger un
accumulateur ou survolter momentanément un véhicule.
5. Utilisez la polarité correcte (+ et –) de l’accumulateur.
1. Arrêtez
le moteur avant de vérifier le niveau e
carburant ou de faire le plein.
2. Ne faites pas le plein en fumant ou proche d’une source d’étincelles
ou d’une flamme nue.
AVERTISSEMENT
3. Si c’est possible, laissez le moteur refroidir avant de faire le plein
de carburant ou d’en vérifier le niveau au début du soudage.
LA VAPEUR ET LE LIQUIDE DE REFROIDISSEMENT
BRULANT SOUS PRESSION PEUVENT BRULER LA
PEAU ET LES YEUX.
4. Ne faites pas le plein de carburant à ras bord: prévoyez de l’espace
pour son expansion.
Le liquide de refroidissement d’un radiateur peut être
brûlant et sous pression.
5. Faites attention de ne pas renverser de carburant. Nettoyez tout
carburant renversé avant de faire démarrer le moteur.
1. N’ôtez pas le bouchon de radiateur tant que le moteur n’est pas
refroidi.
AVERTISSEMENT
DES PIECES EN MOUVEMENT PEUVENT CAUSER DES
BLESSURES.
Des pièces en mouvement, tels des ventilateurs, des
rotors et des courroies peuvent couper doigts et mains,
ou accrocher des vêtements amples.
1. Assurez-vous que les portes, les panneaux, les capots et les
protecteurs soient bien fermés.
2. Avant d’installer ou de connecter un système, arrêtez le moteur.
3. Seules des personnes qualifiées doivent démonter des protecteurs
ou des capots pour faire l’entretien ou le dépannage nécessaire.
4. Pour empêcher un démarrage accidentel pendant l’entretien,
débranchez le câble d’accumulateur à la borne négative.
5. N’approchez pas les mains ou les cheveux de pièces en
mouvement; elles peuvent aussi accrocher des vêtements amples
et des outils.
6. Réinstallez les capots ou les protecteurs et fermez les portes après
des travaux d’entretien et avant de faire démarrer le moteur.
AVERTISSEMENT
DES ETINCELLES PEUVENT FAIRE EXPLOSER UN
ACCUMULATEUR; L’ELECTROLYTE D’UN ACCUMULATEUR PEUT BRULER LA PEAU ET LES YEUX.
March 17, 2006
2. Mettez des gants et posez un torchon sur le bouchon pour l’ôter.
3. Laissez la pression s’échapper avant d’ôter complètement le
bouchon.
1.06
Principales Normes De Securite
Safety in Welding and Cutting, norme ANSI Z49.1, American
Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd., Miami, FL 33128.
Safety and Health Standards, OSHA 29 CFR 1910, Superintendent
of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
20402.
Recommended Safe Practices for the Preparation for Welding and
Cutting of Containers That Have Held Hazardous Substances,
norme AWS F4.1, American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune
Rd., Miami, FL 33128.
National Electrical Code, norme 70 NFPA, National Fire Protection
Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, document P-1,
Compressed Gas Association, 1235 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite
501, Arlington, VA 22202.
Code for Safety in Welding and Cutting, norme CSA W117.2
Association canadienne de normalisation, Standards Sales, 276
Rexdale Boulevard, Rexdale, Ontario, Canada M9W 1R3.
Safe Practices for Occupation and Educational Eye and Face
Protection, norme ANSI Z87.1, American National Standards
Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018.
Cutting and Welding Processes, norme 51B NFPA, National Fire
Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
1-9
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
1.07
Graphique de Symbole
Seulement certains de ces symboles apparaîtront sur votre modèle.
Sous Tension
Mono Phasé
Déroulement du Fil
Hors Tension
Trois Phasé
Alimentation du Fil Vers
la Pièce de Fabrication
Hors Tension
Tri-Phase Statique
Tension dangereuse
Fréquence Convertisseur
Transformateur-Redresseur
Torch de Soudage
Augmentez/Diminuer
Distant
Purge Du Gaz
Facteur de Marche
Mode Continu de
Soudure
Pourcentage
Soudure Par Point
Disjoncteur
Source AC Auxiliaire
X
%
Fusible
Panneau/Local
Intensité de Courant
Soudage Arc Electrique
Avec Electrode Enrobé
(SMAW)
Tension
Soudage á L’arc Avec
Fil Electrodes Fusible
(GMAW)
Hertz (cycles/sec)
Soudage á L’arc Avec
Electrode Non Fusible
(GTAW)
Fréquence
Decoupe Arc Carbone
(CAC-A)
t
Duréc du Pulse
Durée de Pré-Dèbit
t1
t2
Durée de Post-Dèbit
Détente à 2-Temps
Appuyez pour dèruarer
l’alimentation du fils et la soudure,
le relâcher pour arrêter.
Détente à 4-Temps
Courant Constant
Négatif
Positif
Tension Constante
Ou Potentiel Constant
Courant Continue (DC)
Haute Température
Terre de Protection
Amorçage de L’arc au
Contact (GTAW)
Connexion de la Ligne
115V 15A
1-10
Classement de PriseSource Auxiliaire
t
Probléme de Terre
IPM
Pouces Par Minute
MPM
Mètres Par Minute
Force d'Arc
Ligne
Source Auxiliaire
Maintenez appuyez pour pré-dèbit,
relailez pour initier l'arc. Appuyez
pour arrêter l'arc, et mainteuir pour
pré-dèbit.
Inductance Variable
V
Tension
Art # A-07639
March 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
SECTION 2:
INTRODUCTION
2.01 How To Use This Manual
2.02 Equipment Identification
This Owner’s Manual applies to just specification or part
numbers listed on page i.
The unit’s identification number (specification or part
number), model, and serial number usually appear on a
nameplate attached to the rear panel. In some cases, the
nameplate may be attached to the control panel.
Equipment which does not have a name plate such as
gun and cable assemblies is identified only by the
specification or part number printed on the shipping
container. Record these numbers on the bottom of page
i for future reference.
To ensure safe operation, read the entire manual,
including the chapter on safety instructions and warnings.
Throughout this manual, the words WARNING,
CAUTION, and NOTE may appear. Pay particular attention
to the information provided under these headings. These
special annotations are easily recognized as
follows:
!
WARNING
A WARNING gives information regarding
possible personal injury.
CAUTION
A CAUTION refers to possible equipment
damage.
2.03 Receipt Of Equipment
When you receive the equipment, check it against the
invoice to make sure it is complete and inspect the
equipment for possible damage due to shipping. If there
is any damage, notify the carrier immediately to file a
claim. Furnish complete information concerning damage
claims or shipping errors to the location in your area listed
in the inside back cover of this manual.
Include all equipment identification numbers as described
above along with a full description of the parts in error.
NOTE
A NOTE offers helpful information concerning
certain operating procedures.
Additional copies of this manual may be purchased by
contacting Thermal Arc at the address and phone number
in your area listed in the inside back cover of this manual.
Include the Owner’s Manual number and equipment
identification numbers.
Electronic copies of this manual can also be downloaded
at no charge in Acrobat PDF format by going to the
Thermal Arc web site listed below and clicking on the
Literature Library link:
http://www.thermalarc.com
March 17, 2006
2-1
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
2.04 General Information
2.06 Protective Filter Lenses
The Fabricator 190 is a semiautomatic Gas Metal Arc
Welder (GMAW/FCAW-commonly MIG) with an integrated
wire feed unit. The Fabricator 190 is designed and
manufactured to meet the requirements of CSA and IEC
60974-1 standards.
Protective filter lenses are provided to reduce the intensity
of radiation entering the eye thus filtering out harmful
infrared, ultraviolet radiation and a percentage of the
visible light. Such filter lenses are incorporated within face
shields. To prevent damage to the filter lenses from molten
or hard particles an additional hard clear glass or special
plastic external cover lens should be used. This cover
lens should always be kept in place and replaced before
the damage impairs your vision while welding.
The Fabricator 190 gives excellent performance on mild
steel, stainless steel, aluminum, silicon bronze and some
hard facing wires with Argon based shielding gases. The
Power Supply also gives excellent results on mild steel
using Carbon Dioxide shielding gas.
The Fabricator 190 is supplied as a complete, ready-toweld package including a wheel base, cylinder tray, MIG
gun, work lead, and flow regulator. The following
instructions detail how to correctly set up the welder and
give guidelines on gaining the best production efficiency
from the Power Supply. Please read these instructions
thoroughly before using your Fabricator welder.
2.05 Safety
The following basic safety rules should always be followed:
Ensure the machine is correctly installed, if necessary,
by a qualified electrician.
Ensure the Power Supply is grounded correctly
(electrically) in accordance with local regulations.
Excessive heat in the welding cables may cause fire. Never
weld with poor electrical connections, damaged welding
cables or exceed the welding cable current rating as this
will produce excessive heat and may cause a fire.
2.07 Welding Protection
Approximate range of
welding current
Up to 150
150-250
250-300
300-350
Over 350
Filter lens
required for
MIG
Shade 10
Shade 11
Shade 12
Shade 13
Shade 14
Filter Lens Size Versus Welding Current
It is recommended to use a welding helmet, conforming
to the local relevant Standards when electric arc welding.
Use a welding helmet in serviceable condition with the
correct filter lens. Refer to Table 2-1 above and AWS table
in Section 1.01 of this manual.
Always wear the correct protective clothing for protection
from sparks, molten particles and arc rays.
When welding in confined spaces, always ensure adequate
ventilation and constant observation of the operator.
Keep combustible materials away from the welding area.
Have a suitable fire extinguisher handy.
Never watch the welding arc with naked eyes. Always use
and wear a welding mask fitted with the correct filter lens.
Do not stand on damp ground when welding.
For more complete safety advice, please read Section 1.
2-2
March 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
2.08 User Responsibility
2.10 MIG Gun Specifications
This equipment will perform as per the information
contained herein when installed, operated, maintained and
repaired in accordance with the instructions provided. This
equipment must be checked periodically. Defective
equipment (including welding leads) should not be used.
Parts that are broken, missing, plainly worn, distorted or
contaminated, should be replaced immediately. Should
such repairs or replacements become necessary, it is
recommended that such repairs be carried out by
appropriately qualified persons approved by Thermal Arc.
Advice in this regard can be obtained by contacting
Thermal Arc.
MIG Gun Specifications
Gun Catalog Number
10217
Gun Type
TWECO Weldskill 200 Amp
Gun Cable Length
10ft (3m)
2.11 Options and Accessories
Refer to the Appendix section of this manual for the list
of available options and accessories for this product.
This equipment or any of its parts should not be altered
from standard specification without prior written approval
of Thermal Arc. The purchaser of this equipment shall
have the sole responsibility for any malfunction which
results from improper use or unauthorized modification
from standard specification, faulty maintenance, damage
or improper repair by anyone other than appropriately
qualified persons approved by Thermal Arc.
2.09
Duty Cycle
Duty Cycle is the amount of arc-on time (actual welding
or cutting time) during any 10 minute period that a
machine can operate at it’s rated output without damaging
internal components. For example, the Fabricator 190 is
designed for 15% duty cycle at 190 amps. This means
that it has been designed and built to provide the rated
amperage, 190 amps, for 1 minute and 30 seconds out
of every 10 minute period. During the other 8 minutes 30
seconds of the 10 minute period the Fabricator 190 must
idle and be allowed to cool. The thermal cutout will operate
if the duty cycle is exceeded.
Art # A-07598
D uty Cycle (% )
100
80
60
Safe
Operating
ZONE
40
20
0
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
Welding Current (Amps)
Figure 2-1: Fabricator 190 Duty Cycle Curve
March 17, 2006
2-3
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
2.12 Power Supply Specifications
Package System Part Number
Power Source Part Number
Power Source Weight
Power Source Dimensions HxWxD
(including wheels and cylinder carrier)
Number of Phases
Frequency
707209
128lb (58kg)
33 x 16.3 x 34.7”
(838 x 414 x 866mm)
1∅
60 Hz
Flexible Supply Cable Size
10ft (3m) 10AWG x 3
Supply Plug
NEMA 6-50P
Nominal Input Voltage
230V ± 10%
Rated Input Current @ 100% Duty Cycle
Rated kVA @ 100% Duty Cycle
Maximum Input Current @ 190A Output @230V
* 11A
* 2.5 kVA
34A
Generator Requirements
10 kVA
Supply VA @ Maximum Output
7.9 kVA
Recommended Primary Circuit Size
Recommended Minimum Primary Fuse Size
50A
** 30A
Open Circuit Voltage Range
26 – 60V DC
Welding Arc Voltage Range
15.8 – 25V DC
Output Current Range
30 – 190A DC
Rated Output Duty Cycle
100% Duty Cycle Output Rating
Duty Cycle Period
Number of Output Voltage Values
Electrode Wire Type and Diameter
Mild / Stainless Steel
Aluminum
Flux Cored
Wire Feed Speed Range
Wire Spool Size Diameter
Burn-back Timer Range
Burn-back Time Factory Set to:
190A/23.4V @ 15%
85A DC at 19V
10 minutes
8
.023” (0.6mm) – .035” (0.9mm)
.030” (0.8mm) – .045” (0.9mm)
.030” (0.8mm) – .045” (1.2mm)
80 – 700 ipm (2 – 18 m/min )
8” / 12” (200mm / 300mm)
0 – 0.6 seconds
0.16 seconds
Spot Timer Range
0.5 – 4.5 seconds
Thermal Protection
Self-resetting thermostat fitted to
rectifier and transformer
Operating Temperature Range
*
2-4
W1001500
32° to 104°F (0° to 40°C)
The Rated Input Current should be used for the determination of cable size & supply
requirements.
March 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
2.13 Wire Drive Specifications
Wire Drive Specifications
Control Circuit Supply
30VA @ 24VAC
Wire Drive Motor Supply
40VA @ 2 to 24VDC (Intermittent Duty)
Wire Speed Range
80 to 700 IPM
(2 to 18 m/min)
Wire Diameters
.023”
.030”
.035”
.045”
(0.6mm)
(0.8mm)
(0.9mm)
(1.2mm)
Material
Mild Steel
Stainless Steel
Aluminum
Flux Cored
Wire Spool Capacity
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
44 lb, 33 lb, 10 lb, 8” and 12” wire spool sizes
2.14 Fabricator 190 Package System Contents
Fabricator 190 Package System Contents
Fabricator 190 Power Source with Integrated Wirefeeder
Factory Fitted Wheeling Kit
Factory Fitted Single Cylinder Rack
Factory Fitted Primary Power Cable 10 AWG, 10ft (3m) with Plug
NEMA 6-50P
Work Lead 10ft (3m) with work clamp
Regulator/Flowmeter – Argon Mix Gases
Tweco Weldskill MIG Gun 200 Amp, 10ft (3m)
Fitted Feed Roll for .023” - .030” (0.6 – 0.8mm) solid wire
March 17, 2006
2-5
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
2-6
March 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
SECTION 3:
INSTALLATION
3.01 Environment
3.02 Location
The Fabricator 190 is NOT designed for use in
environments with increased hazard of electric shock.
Be sure to locate the Power Supply according to the
following guidelines:
Examples of environments with increased hazard of
electric shock are:
In areas, free from moisture and dust.
In locations in which freedom of movement is restricted,
so that the operator is forced to perform the work in a
cramped (kneeling, sitting or lying) position with physical
contact with conductive parts;
In locations which are fully or partially limited by
conductive elements, and in which there is a high risk of
unavoidable or accidental contact by the operator, or
In wet or damp hot locations where humidity or
perspiration considerably reduces the skin resistance of
the human body and the insulation properties of
accessories.
In areas, free from oil, steam and corrosive gases.
In areas, not subjected to abnormal vibration or shock.
In areas, not exposed to direct sunlight or rain.
Place at a distance of 1ft (300mm) or more from walls or
similar that could restrict natural air flow for cooling.
The minimum ground clearance for these products is 5.5"
(140mm).
3.03 Ventilation
Since the inhalation of welding fumes can be harmful,
ensure that the welding area is effectively ventilated.
Environments with increased hazard of electric shock do
not include places where electrically conductive parts in
the near vicinity of the operator, which can cause increased
hazard, have been insulated.
March 17, 2006
3-1
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
3.04 Mains Supply Voltage Requirements
The Mains supply voltage should be within ± 10% of the rated Mains supply voltage. Too low a voltage may cause poor
welding performance or the wirefeeder malfunction. Too high a supply voltage will cause components to overheat and
possibly fail. The Fabricator 190 is supplied with a 10 AWG x 3 supply lead.
Install a power outlet for each Power Supply and fit fuses as per the machine specifications.
!
WARNING
Thermal Arc advises that your Fabricator be electrically connected by a qualified electrical trades-person.
The Fabricator 190 Power Supply is factory connected for the following input power supply voltage:
Input Power
Lead Current Lead
Machine
Supply Lead Size
Rating
Length Voltage Setting Duty Cycle
10 AWG x 3
40 Amps 10ft (3m)
230V
190A @ 15%
Table 3-1: Factory Fitted Input Power Supply Leads Fitted to the Fabricator 190
3-2
March 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
4. Fix the cable stowage hook to the Power Supply
cylinder bracket with the bolts provided.
3.05 Quick Set Up
CAUTION
To obtain adequate air flow and cooling for
the Power Supply components, the four
wheels must be fitted. Alternatively, the Power
Supply may be raised 5.5" (140 mm)from the
floor using supports that do not restrict
airflow.
NOTE
The steps in this subsection are intended for
individuals experienced in the set up of this
type welder. More detailed setup instructions
are in the 3.06 and following subsections.
1. Connect the work lead to the negative (-) socket
(positive + for Self Shielded Flux Cored Wire)
2. Connect the GUN lead to the positive (+) socket
(negative - for Self Shielded Flux Cored Wire)
5. Fit the gas Regulator/Flowmeter to the gas cylinder
and connect the gas hose from the rear of the
Power Supply to the Flowmeter outlet.
6. The machine is fitted with a .023"/.030” vee groove
feed roll suited for hard wire. Change this feed
roll if required to fit your chosen wire size.
7. Fit the electrode wire spool to the wire reel hub
located behind the electrode wire compartment
door.
8. Fit the TWECO Weldskill MIG gun and trigger wires
through/to the front of the unit.
9. Remove the contact tip from the gun.
10. With the gun lead reasonably straight, feed the
wire through the wire drive rolls and gun.
11. Fit the appropriate contact tip and replace insulator
and nozzle.
NOTE
See Section 3.11 "Polarity Changeover" for
more detail and exceptions!
3. Position a gas cylinder on the rear tray and secure
to the Power Supply cylinder bracket with the
chain provided. If this arrangement is not used
then ensure that the gas cylinder is secured to a
building pillar, wall bracket or otherwise securely
fixed in an upright position.
!
WARNING
If the gas cylinder is not secured to the
cylinder tray, the power supply must be kept
from moving to avoid over-extending the gas
hose which can result in personal injury,
damage to the power supply, flowmeter and
gas cylinder.
March 17, 2006
3-3
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
3.06 Installation of Shielding Gas
(GMAW) Process
Refer to Figure 3-2.
NOTE
Shielding Gas is not required if the unit is used
self shielded FCAW (flux cored arc welding) wires
Adjusting Regulator
Adjust control knob of regulator to the required flow rate,
indicated on gauge dial. (Refer to Figure 3-1 and data charts
Approx. 20 CFH.
The gas flow rate should be adequate to cover the weld
zone to stop weld porosity. Excessive gas flow rates may
cause turbulence and weld porosity.
Cylinder positioning
Argon or argon based gas flow rates:
Chain the cylinder to a wall or other support to prevent the
cylinder from falling over. If an optional portable mounting
is used, follow the instructions provided with it.
- Workshop welding: 20-30 CFH
- Outdoors welding: 30-40 CFH
Helium based or CO2 gas flow rates:
Cracking
Remove the large metal cap on top of the cylinder by
rotating counter clockwise. Next remove the dust seal.
Position yourself so the valve is pointed away from you
and quickly open and close the valve for a burst of gas.
This is called “Cracking” and is done to blow out any
foreign matter that may be lodged in the fitting. (Fig 3-2.)
CAUTION
- Workshop welding: 30-40 CFH
- Outdoors welding: 40-50 CFH
NOTE
All valves downstream of the regulator must
he opened to obtain a true flow rate reading
on the outlet gauge. (Welding power source
must be triggered) Close the valves after the
pressure has been set.
Never “crack” a fuel gas cylinder valve near
other welding works, sparks or open flames.
Ensure surrounding area is well ventilated
Regulators – fitting to cylinders
Screw the regulator into the appropriate cylinder. The nuts
on the regulator and hose connections are right hand (RH)
threaded and need to be turned in a clockwise direction
in order to tighten. Tighten with a wrench.
Art # A-07280
CAUTION
Match regulator to cylinder. NEVER CONNECT
a regulator designed for a particular gas or
gases to a cylinder containing any other gas.
Regulators – fitting to welder.
Blow out the hose before connecting to the regulator and
rear of welding power source – to remove dust, talc, etc.
The nut on the hose connection is right hand (RH)
threaded and needs to be turned in a clockwise direction
in order to tighten.
3-4
Figure 3-1: Adjusting Flow Rate
Refer to section 4.10 for suggested gas / filler metal
combinations.
NOTE
The regulator/flow meters used with argon
based and carbon dioxide shielding gases are
different. The regulator/flow meter supplied is
for argon based shielding gases. If carbon
dioxide is to be used a suitable carbon dioxide
regulator/flow meter will need to be fitted.
March 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
1
Cap
2
Shielding
Gas
3
4
Regulator and
Flow Meter
“Cracking”
Shielding
Gas
Shielding
Gas
Shielding
Gas
Art # A-07401
5
Gas Hose
Figure 3-2: Gas Cylinder Installation
March 17, 2006
3-5
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
3.07 Attaching the Gun and Cable
Assembly to the Power Source
The Fabricator 190 is supplied with a Tweco Weldskill
gun 190 10217 air-cooled torch. The Weldskill gun is
designed with an ergonomic handle and fewer parts to
cause performance problems. The Weldskill gun uses
standard readily available Tweco consumable parts.
1) Remove the door panel to the machine by inserting
your left and right index fingers into the two holes
marked with arrows in Figure 3-3 and firmly pull it
towards you.
2) Route the gun cable through the access hole in the
front panel. Refer to Figure 3-4.
3) Loosen the thumbscrew and insert the gun cable
end as far as it will go. Tighten thumbscrew. Refer
to Figure 3-5.
NOTE
Lubricate the O-ring on the quick-connect
fitting with grease (Dow company #4
compound or equivalent).
4) To remove the gun, reverse these directions.
Art # A-07363
Figure 3-3: Door Panel Removal
3-6
March 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
Art # A-07339
Front Panel
Access Hole
Trigger Receptacle
Figure 3-4: Route Gun Cable Through Access Hole and Connect Trigger
Loosen Thumbscrew
Art: A-07601
Tighten Thumbscrew
Figure 3-5: Mount Gun Cable to Adapter Socket
March 17, 2006
3-7
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
3.08 Feedrolls
A feedroll consists of two different sized grooves. As
delivered from the factory, the feedroll is installed for .023”
(0.6mm).
When the feedroll is installed, the visibly marked size refers
to the groove which will be in use.
The groove closest to the motor is the one to thread the
wire through.
This also applies to optional feedrolls which are available
for this machine.
. 023”(0.6mm) Stamping
.023
0.6
. 023” (0.6mm) Groove
Art # A-07187
The size that is visible when
fitting the feedroll is the groove
size in use.
Figure 3-6: Feedroll Example
Refer to the Options and Accessories list in the Appendix
section of this manual for information on additional feed
roll kits.
3-8
March 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
3.09 Installing Wire Spool
Installation of 8” (203mm) spool
1. Remove the spool retaining pin (6) from spool hub (7).
2. Fit the spool (5) onto the spool hub (7).
3. Ensure that the drive pin engages the mating hole in the spool.
4. Push the spool retaining pin (6) into place in the spool hub (7).
NOTE
Nut is tightened until a slight force is required to turn the spool
Installation of 12” (300mm) spool
Installation of a 12" (300mm) spool is the same as the 8” (203mm) spool except that the Spool Retaining Pin will go
into the outer holes of the Spool Hub.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Nut
Washer
Wave Washer
Washer
Spool 8” (203mm)
Spool Retaining Pin
Spool Hub (using inner holes)
Friction Washer
Outer holes used for 12” (300mm) spool
6
7
8
5
4
3
2
1
Drive Pin
Art # A-07474
Figure 3-7: Spool Installation
March 17, 2006
3-9
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
CAUTION
3.10 Inserting Wire into the Feedhead
and Welding Gun
!
Use care in handling the spooled wire as it
will tend to “unravel” when loosened from the
spool. Grasp the end of the wire firmly, and
don’t let go of it. Make sure the end of the
wire is free of any burrs and is straight.
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK CAN KILL! Make certain the
machine is unplugged from the power
receptacle. Do not plug machine in until told
to do so in these instructions
1. Loosen Pressure Adjust Device knob (Fig. 3-8)
2. Open Pressure Adjust Device (Fig. 3-9)
3. Open Pressure Arm (Fig. 3-9)
4. Place end of wire into the Inlet Wire Guide, feeding
it over the Feedroll. Make certain the proper groove
is being used. (Fig. 3-10)
Slide the wire spool onto the hub, loading it so that the
wire will feed off the spool as the spool rotates counter
clockwise.
5. Pass the wire into the outlet guide then into the MIG
Gun. (Fig. 3-10)
Make sure the drive pin on the spool hub lines up with
the hole in the spool.
6. Close the Pressure Arm. (Fig. 3-9)
7. Close the Pressure Adjust Device. Tighten the Pressure
Adjust Device knob to a “snug” condition. (Fig. 3-9)
When the spool of wire is in place, replace the spool
retaining pin.
8. Figure 3-10 shows the result with wire installed.
NOTE
The Hub tension has been pre-adjusted at the
factory. However is adjustment is required,
simply turn the spool nut counter clockwise
to reduce tension, and clockwise to increase
tension
Spool
Art # A-07569
Pressure Arm
Pressure Adjust Device
Wire
Wire Guide
Feedroll
Gun Cable End
Figure 3-8: Inner Workings of Device
3-10
March 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
Art # A-07568
Feedroll kit consists of
idler roll and drive roll
Figure 3-9: Opening Pressure Arm and Inserting Wire
Art # A-07570
Wire Threaded Through Feedroll
Figure 3-10: Wire Installed
March 17, 2006
3-11
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
3.11 Polarity Changeover
!
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK CAN KILL! Make certain the machine is unplugged from the power receptacle. Do not
plug machine in until told to do so in these instructions
As delivered from the factory, the output polarity is connected for DCEP (reverse polarity).
CABLE CONNECTIONS
CABLE TO GUN
CABLE TO WORK
1. Connected to (+) 1. Connected to (-)
1. GMAW* – Steel, Stainless Steel,
1. D.C. Electrode Positive
Neg. output
Pos. output
Aluminum & gas shielded Flux
(DCEP) – Reverse Polarity
terminal
terminal
Cored electrode wires
2. Connected to (-) 2. Connected to (+)
2. FCAW* – Gasless Flux Cored
2. D.C. Electrode Negative
Pos. output
Neg. output
electrode wire
(DCEN) – Straight Polarity
terminal
terminal
* Exception: Contact your filler metal supplier for the recommended polarity.
PROCESS
POLARITY
Table 3-4: Process Cable Connections
Changing polarity process.
a. Locate the two terminal knobs at the bottom of the machine. Refer to Figure 3-11.
b. Remove both terminal knobs by rotating counter-clockwise. Refer to Figure 3-11.
c. Set up the desired lead polarity as per Table 3-4 and as shown in Figure 3-12 by placing the loose end of the
polarity cable on the appropriate terminal.
d. Connect (or re-connect) the work cable to the vacant terminal
e. Replace both terminal knobs.
NOTE
Ensure terminal knobs are tightly secured and that there is no connection between positive and negative
terminals.
3-12
March 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
Art # A-07571
Terminal Knob
Figure 3-11: Remove Terminal Knobs
Art # A-07340
DCEN
Polarity
Terminal
DCEP
Polarity
Terminal
Terminal Polarity Cable
Connect the work cable to the vacant terminal
Figure 3-12: Terminal Polarity Setting
March 17, 2006
3-13
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
3-14
March 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
SECTION 4:
OPERATION
!
WARNING
The electrode wire will be at welding voltage potential while it is being fed through the system.
4.01 Inside Panel
1. Burnback Control Knob: Burnback time is the difference between the wirefeed motor stopping and switching off of
the welding current. The Burnback time allows the electrode wire to burn out of the molten metal weld pool. The
Burnback time is factory set for optimum performance. Turn the Burnback knob clockwise to increase the time and
counter-clockwise to decrease it. The adjustable range is 0 to .6 seconds. Refer to Figure 4-1.
2. Wirefeeder Drive Roller Pressure Adjustment: The idler roll applies pressure to the drive roll via screw adjustable
spring pressure. The pressure adjust device should be adjusted to a minimum pressure that will provide satisfactory
wire feed without slippage. If slipping occurs, and inspection of the wire contact tip reveals no wear, distortion or
burn-back jam, the conduit liner should be checked for kinks and clogging by metal flakes and slag. If this is not
the cause of slipping, the feedroll pressure can be increased by rotating the pressure adjust device clockwise. The
use of excessive pressure may cause rapid wear of the feed roll, motor shaft and motor bearings.
3. Wire Reel Brake: The spool hub incorporates a friction brake which is adjusted during manufacture for optimum
braking. If it is considered necessary, adjustment can be made by turning the large nut inside the open end of the
spool hub. Clockwise rotation will tighten the brake. Correct adjustment will result in the spool circumference
continuing no further than ¾” (20mm) after release of the Gun trigger switch. The wire should be slack without
becoming dislodged from the spool.
CAUTION
Excessive tension on the brake will
cause rapid wear of mechanical wire
feed parts, overheating of electrical
components and possibly an
increased incidence of wire Burnback
into the contact tip.
Art # A-07397
Wire Spool Brake
Drive Roller Pressure Adjustment
Figure 4-1: Inside Panel
March 17, 2006
4-1
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
4.02 Power Supply Front Panel
1
2
3
4
5
Weldskill
6
12
7
13
11
8
10
9
Art # A-07476
Figure 4-2: Fabricator 190 Front Panel
4-2
Narch 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
1. Handle Bar
2. Thermal Overload Indicator: The critical component
for thermal protection are the rectifier stack and the
transformer, which are fitted with thermal overload
protection devices. If the overload is activated then
the machine should be left to cool for approximately
15 minutes before resuming welding. If the Power
Source is operated within its duty cycle, the thermal
overload will not activate. Refer to section 2.10 for an
explanation of duty cycle and section 2.13 for the
power supply specifications.
WARNING
When the On/Off Power Switch Indicator is
lit, the machine is connected to the primary
input supply voltage and the internal electrical
components are at primary input voltage
potential.
3. On/Off Power Switch: The indicator light is provided
to indicate when the Fabricator 190 is connected to
the Input Power Supply Voltage. With the switch in
the Off position
the auxiliary power and the fan
are turned off and the switch is illuminated to indicate
that the primary power is still present.
4. Wirespeed Control: The Wirespeed Control knob
controls the wire feed speed which is adjustable from
80 to 800 IPM.
5. Spot Timer Control: The spot time duration is set by
the Spot Timer Control knob, and is only activated
with the mode selector switched to Spot position.
When the Mode Selector switch is switched to the
Spot position, the Spot Timer Control knob controls
the duration of a single spot weld. The timer is
adjustable from .5 to 4.5 seconds.
6. Mode Selector Switch: The Mode Selector switch
selects the method of welding.
CONTINUOUS: This mode of welding is used to
weld two or more components together with a
continuous weld. When the MIG gun trigger
switch is depressed welding commences. When
the MIG gun trigger switch is released welding
ceases.
SPOT: This mode of welding is used to weld two
plates together at a desired location by melting
the top & bottom plates together to form a nugget
between them. The spot time period is set by the
Spot Timer Control knob.
March 17, 2006
7. Output Voltage Control Switch: The Output Voltage
Control Switch sets the voltage level to the welding
terminals. The output voltage is increased when the
switch is rotated in the clockwise direction.
CAUTION
The Output Voltage Control switch MUST NOT
BE SWITCHED during the welding process.
8. Positive Welding Current Terminal: Welding current
flows from the Power Supply via this heavy duty
terminal. Shown with terminal knob removed. The
knob must be firmly secured before attempting to
weld.
9. Gun Polarity Lead: This lead selects the welding
voltage polarity of the electrode wire. Attach it to
the positive welding terminal (+) when using steel,
stainless steel or aluminum electrode wire . Attach
the Gun Polarity Lead to the negative welding
terminal ( - ) when using gasless flux cored
electrode wire. If in doubt, consult the manufacturer
of the electrode wire for the correct polarity.
10.Positive and Negative Welding Terminal Knobs
Welding current flows from the Power Supply via the
heavy duty terminals. The knobs must be firmly
secured before attempting to weld.
CAUTION
Loose welding terminal connections can cause
overheating and result in failure of the
terminals.
11.Negative Welding Current Terminal: Welding current
flows from the Power Supply via this heavy duty
terminal. Shown with terminal knob removed. The
knob must be firmly secured before attempting to
weld.
12.Gun Connector: This is the receptacle into which the
MIG gun is connected. It accepts a #4 Tweco style
gun.
13.Gun Trigger Switch Amphenol Receptacle: The Gun
Trigger 4-pin receptacle is used to connect the two
wires from the MIG gun to the Fabricator 190. Only
pins A and B are used for this. To make connections,
align keyway, insert plug, and rotate threaded collar
fully clockwise. Refer to Figure 4-3.
4-3
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
13.Torch Trigger Receptacle (continued)
Art # A-07602
Socket Pin
A
A
B
D
C
B
C
D
Function
Gun Switch
Gun Switch (contact
closure provided between
pins A and B to energize the
contactor).
Not Used
Not Used
Figure 4-3: Torch Trigger Receptacle Pin-out
4-4
Narch 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
4.03 TWECO Weldskill MIG Gun
The TWECO Weldskill MIG Gun fitted to the FABRICATOR 190 offers robust construction, unparalleled reliability and
easy replacement of consumable parts. The TWECO Weldskill MIG Gunhas an operating capacity in excess of the
capacity of the FABRICATOR and can be expected to give trouble free service.
6
5
7
4
2
8
3
1
Art # A-07344
Figure 4-4: TWECO Weldskill MIG Gun
1. NOZZLE
2. CONTACT TIP
3. INSULATOR
4. DIFFUSER
5. CONDUCTOR TUBE
6. HANDLE ASSY
7. SWITCH ASSY
8. REPLACEMENT CABLE
TWECO MIG guns may be fitted to many different types of MIG welding Power Supplies so that your whole shop can
be converted to TWECO. Not only will this give greater reliability (and hence greater productivity) but it will reduce
stockholding of consumable parts.
Contact your Thermal Arc distributor to order TWECO replacement parts, options and accessories. For assistance in
locating a Thermal Arc distributor, contact the Thermadyne office listed in the inside rear cover that is nearest to you.
4.04 Gun Consumable Parts
Refer to the appendix section of this manual for the list of consumable items, including nozzels, contact tips, gas
diffusers and conductor tubes.
March 17, 2006
4-5
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
4.05 Installing A New Wire Conduit Liner
Removal
1. Be sure the MIG gun cable is arranged in a straight
line, free from twists, when installing or removing a
wire conduit.
2. Unscrew and remove the MIG gun nozzle and contact tip.
3. Loosen the Allen screw in the gas diffuser and unscrew it from the conductor tube.
4. Loosen the Allen screw in the connector plug and pull
the old wire conduit out of the cable assembly from
the connector plug end.
Installation
1. Inspect the two O-ring gas seals on the connector
plug for cuts or damage.
2 Start from the connector plug end of the assembly
and begin pushing the conduit through the connector
plug, cable assembly and into the gun. If the conduit
should lodge along the way, gently whip or work the
cable assembly to aid forward movement.
3. When the wire conduit stop meets the end of the connector plug and the new raw end extends through the
end of the conductor tube on the welding gun, the
Allen screw in the connector plug must be securely
tightened onto the conduit to prevent its backward
movement.
NOTE
When the conduit is fully inserted into the cable
assembly and the conduit stop is firmly against
the Connector Plug, the “raw end” of the
conduit will protrude out of the open end of
the gun conductor tube. Trim the conduit as
shown in Figure 4-5. The trimmed end which
seats in the Gas Diffuser must be filed and
reamed smooth on the inside and outside radii
so wire feed will not be obstructed.
3. Replace the Gas Diffuser and tighten its Allen screw
against the conduit.
4. Replace the Contact Tip and Nozzle.
CAUTION
Do not over tighten the Allen screws as this
will distort the conduit and lead to wire
feedability problems.
CONDUCTOR TUBE
CONDUIT LINER
ALLEN SCREW
REMOVE
CONSUMABLES
1 1/16"
(27mm)
Art # A-07330
O-RINGS
ALLEN SCREW
CONDUIT LINER
CONNECTOR PLUG
Figure 4-5: Conduit Installation and Trim Length
4-6
Narch 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
4.06 MIG Gun Maintenance
4.07 Basic Welding Technique
Remove dust and metallic particles from the gun conduit
by forcing clean, dry compressed air into the conduit once
a week. This will minimize wire feeding problems.
Setting of the Power Supply
The setting of the Fabricator requires some practice by
the operator, the welding Power Supply having two control
settings that have to balance. These are the Wire Speed
control and the Voltage Control switches. The welding
current is determined by the Wire Speed control, the
current will increase with increased Wire Speed, resulting
in a shorter arc. Less wire speed will reduce the current
and lengthen the arc. Increasing the welding voltage hardly
alters the welding current level, but lengthens the arc. By
decreasing the voltage, a shorter arc is obtained with little
change in welding current.
When changing to a different electrode wire diameter,
different control settings are required. A thinner electrode
wire needs more Wire Speed to achieve the same current
level.
A satisfactory weld cannot be obtained if the wire speed
and voltage switch settings are not adjusted to suit the
electrode wire diameter and dimensions of the work piece.
If the Wire Speed is too high for the welding voltage,
“stubbing” will occur as the wire dips into the molten
pool and does not melt. Welding in these conditions
normally produces a poor weld due to lack of fusion. If,
however, the welding voltage is too high, large drops will
form on the end of the electrode wire, causing spatter.
The correct setting of voltage and Wire Speed can be seen
in the shape of the weld deposit and heard by a smooth
regular arc sound.
Travel Speed
Speed at which a weld travels influences the width of the
weld and penetration of the welding run.
Position of MIG gun
The angle of MIG gun to the weld has an effect on the
width of the weld run. Refer to Figure 4-6.
Forehand
Vertical
Art # A-05148
Figure 4-6: MIG Gun Angle
March 17, 2006
4-7
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
Distance from the MIG Gun Nozzle to the Work Piece
The electrode stick out from the MIG gun nozzle should be between 5/64”(2.0mm) to 13/64”(5.0mm). This distance
may vary depending on the type of joint that is being welded.
Flux Cored Wire
Solid Wire
1/4”
(6.4mm)
5/16”
(7.9mm)
3/8”
.030”
(.8mm)
.023”
(.6mm)
(9.5mm)
.035”
(.9mm)
9/16”
(14.3mm)
11/16”
(17.5mm)
.035”
(.9mm)
Gas
Nozzle
Contact
Tip
Art # A-07186
Distance: ±1/16”
.045”
(1.1mm)
Wire Diameter
Figure 4-9: Optimum Contact Tip to Work Distances
Electrode Wire Size Selection
The choice of electrode wire size in conjunction with shielding gas used depends on:
- Thickness of the metal to be welded,
- Type of joint,
- Capacity of the wire feed unit and power supply,
- The amount of penetration required,
- The deposition rate required,
- The bead profile desired,
- The position of welding and
- Cost of the electrode wire.
Advantages of MIG welding forehand:
•
Allows superior visibility of the weld zone
•
Flatter weld bead
•
Shallower penetration
Forehand
Vertical
Backhand
Art # A-07185
Figure 4-7: Advantages of forehand welding
4-8
Narch 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
4.08 Technical Tips
Reduce Porosity in the Weld Metal
•
Weld in still air to ensure gas coverage
•
Clean the dirty, oil, paint, oxidization or grease from the metal to be welded
•
Eliminate any gas leaks in the hose
•
Make sure the gas cylinder is not empty with a flow rate of about 25cfh
Electrode Wire Burns Back to the Contact Tip
•
Wire feed speed is too low
•
MIG gun liner is blocked with dust or metallic dust
•
Bent MIG gun liner
•
Damage or worn inlet or outlet wire guides in the wire drive system
Irregular Weld Beard Shape
•
Incorrect or worn feed roller size
•
Incorrect size or worn contact tip
•
Bad work lead contact to work piece
No Strength in the Weld Joint
•
Wire feed speed (welding current) is too low
•
Incorrect gas for the material being welded
•
Joint preparation too narrow or gap too tight
Cracks Develop in the Weld Metal
•
Arc voltage is too high
•
The weld cooling rate is too fast
•
The stresses in the welded metal are too high
•
Weld penetration is too narrow and deep
March 17, 2006
4-9
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
4.09 Spot Welding Operation
Fit an optional spot welding nozzle to the MIG gun for consistent spot welding operations. Refer to Figure 4-8 and the
Spot Welding Nozzles table below. The Fabricator will operate effectively using .030” (0.8mm) electrode wire when
spot welding. Penetration depth is limited when using .023”(0.6mm) electrode wire for spot welding. Set the controls
as follows for maximum penetration when spot welding:
Output Voltage Control Switch to 8
Wirespeed Control to between 5 to 8
Mode Selector Switch to
Spot
Adjust the Spot Time control knob for the desired weld penetration
Voltage Selector Switches and Wirespeed Control
Select higher Voltage Selector switch positions and set the Wirespeed Control between 354 to 590 ipm (9 to 15
meters/minute) for maximum penetration.
Mode Selector Switch
Set the MODE SELECTOR switch to SPOT.
Spot Time
Adjust the SPOT TIME control shaft for the desired weld or ‘ON’ time for spot welding.
21-62-FAS
Art # A-07675
Figure 4-8: Spot Welding Nozzzle
SPOT WELDING NOZZLES
4-10
TYPE
MINI & NO. 1 150 AMP
Flat Arc Spot
21-62-FAS 1210-1520
(5/8" Bore)
Inside Corner Arc Spot
N/A
Outside Corner Arc Spot
N/A
Automotive Stud Nozzle
21-62 SAS
1210-1524
Narch 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
4.10 Gas Selection for Gas Metal Arc Welding
Metal Type
Carbon
Steel
Low Alloy
and
High Alloy
Steel
Stainless
Steel
Aluminum
Base Plate
Thickness
Filler
Metal
Greater than
22 gauge
(.030”)
ER70S-X
Short
Circuit
100% CO2
All Position High welding speeds. Good
Welding penetration and pool control.
Greater than
22 gauge
(.030”)
ER70S-X
Short
Circuit
75% Argon
25% CO2
All Position Suitable for high-current and highWelding speed welding.
Greater than
22 gauge
(.030”)
ER70S-X
Short
Circuit
92% Argon
8% CO2
Greater than
10 gauge (? ”)
ER70S-X
Spray
Transfer
92% Argon
8% CO2
All Position Higher deposition rates without meltWelding through. Minimum distortion and
spatter. Good pool control for out-ofposition welding.
Flat & HV Good arc stability, weld soundness,
Fillet
and increasing width of fusion.
Greater than
22 gauge
(.030”)
See Note 1
Short
Circuit
Globular
75% Argon
25% CO2
All Position High welding speeds. Good
Welding penetration and pool control.
Applicable for out-of-position welds.
Suitable for high-current and highspeed welding.
Greater than
22 gauge
(.030”)
See Note 1
Short
Circuit
92% Argon
8% CO2
All Position Good coalescence and bead contour.
Welding Good mechanical properties.
Greater than
3/32”
See Note 1
Spray
transfer
92% Argon
8% CO2
minimum 80%
Argon 20% O2
Greater than
14 gauge
(.075”)
See Note 1
Short
Circuit
98% Argon
2% CO2
All Position Good control of melt-through and
Welding distortion. Used also for spray arc
welding. Pool fluidity sometimes
sluggish depending on the base alloy.
Greater than
22 gauge
(.030”)
ER308-X
ER309-X
ER316-X
Short
Circuit
90% Helium
7.5% Argon
2.5% CO2
or
81% Argon
18% Helium
1 % CO2
All Position Low CO2 percentages in Helium mix
Welding minimizes carbon pickup, which can
cause intergranular corrosion with
some alloys. Helium improves wetting
action and contour. CO2 percentages
above 5% should be used with caution
on some alloys.
Greater than
3/32”
ER308-X
ER309-X
ER316-X
Spray
Transfer
90% Helium
7.5% Argon
2.5% CO2
or
81% Argon
18% Helium
1 % CO2
Greater than
18 gauge
(.045”)
ER4043
ER5356
Spray
Transfer
Argon
Transfer Suggested
Mode Shielding Gas
Welding
Positions
Flat & HV
Fillet
Flat & HV
Fillet
Comments
Reduces undercutting. Higher
deposition rates and improved bead
wetting. Deep penetration and good
mechanical properties.
Good arc stability. Produces a fluid
but controllable weld pool, good
coalescence, and bead contour.
Minimizes undercutting on heavier
thickness.
All Position Excellent cleaning action. Provides
Welding more stable arc than helium-rich
mixtures.
Note 1: Contact your Filler Metal Supplier for recommended filler metal for the base metal to be welded.
March 17, 2006
4-11
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
4.11 Welding Setting Selection Guide
Material T ype
Wire T ype
Shielding Gas
and Flow Rate
Wire Size
(Diameter)
Art # A-07448
.023” (0.6mm)
100% CO 2
25cfh
.030” (0.8mm)
.035” (0.9mm)
Steel
Solid
(or hard)
ER70S-6
75% Ar
25% CO 2
25cfh
.023” (0.6mm)
.030” (0.8mm)
.035” (0.9mm)
92% Ar
8% CO 2
25cfh
.023” (0.6mm)
.030” (0.8mm)
.035” (0.9mm)
Steel
Flux Core
E71 T- 1 1
E71 T- GS
None
Required
Aluminum
Aluminum
Stainless
Steel
4-12
4043 ER
5183 ER
5356 ER
Stainless
Steel
ER 308
ER 308L
ER 308LSi
100% Ar
25cfh
90% He
7.5% Ar
2.5 CO 2
35cfh
.030” (0.8mm)
.035” (0.9mm)
.030” (0.8mm)
.035” (0.9mm)
.023” (0.6mm)
.030” (0.8mm)
.035” (0.9mm)
Narch 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
Voltage
Step Wire
Speed
THICKNESS
22 ga. (0.8mm) 20 ga. (0.9mm) 18 ga. (1.2mm) 16 ga. (1.6mm) 1/8” (3.2mm) 3/16” (5.0mm) 1/4” (6.4mm) 5/16” (8.0mm)
3
4
3
2.25
2
3
2.75
3
1
3
2
3
3
2
1
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
7
1
2
1
1
4
5
3
2.75
3
2
2
2
1.5
3
2.5
2.5
3
3
1.5
March 17, 2006
6
5
6
7
4.75
5.5
3.75
6
3
7
5.75
5
4
1.75
5.75
5
5
2
1.75
6
7
4.5
3.5
2.75
4
3
1.5
5
4
4
8
6
7
4
10
5
3.75
4
8
7
6
5
2
1
2
4.75
5.5
3.5
2.5
4
5
5
4
1.25
6
4.5
2.75
2.25
8
7
4
1
2.25
7.5
6.25
4.25
2
1.5
8
7
6.25
7
3
2
6
5
4.25
10
2.5
2
6
5
6
7
3
2
1.25
6
4.5
4
3
3.25
3
5
4
4
6.5
4.75
2.75
2
2
2
2.5
4
3
6
4
3.75
2.5
2
1.5
1
2.5
3
3
2
2
1
4
3.25
3
1.25
2.75
2
2
2
2.5
4
2.25
2.75
6.25
6
3.25
4
4-13
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
NOTES
4-14
Narch 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
SECTION 5:
SERVICE
5.01 Routine Maintenance & Inspection
The only routine maintenance required for the Fabricator
is a thorough cleaning and inspection, with the frequency
depending on the usage and the operating environment.
!
WARNING
Disconnect the Fabricator from the Input
power supply voltage before disassembling.
Special maintenance is not necessary for the control unit
parts in the Power Supply. If these parts are damaged for
any reason, replacement is recommended.
CAUTION
To clean the Power Supply, disconnect it from the mains
supply voltage then open the enclosure and use a vacuum
cleaner to remove any accumulated dirt and dust. The
Power Supply should also be wiped clean. If necessary,
solvents that are recommended for cleaning electrical
apparatus may be used.
Troubleshooting and repairing the Fabricator should be
carried out only by those who are familiar with electrical
equipment.
!
WARNING
Do not attempt to diagnose or repair unless
you have had training in electronic
measurement and troubleshooting
techniques.
Do not blow air into the Power Supply during
cleaning. Blowing air into the Power Supply
can cause metal particles to interfere with
sensitive electronic components and cause
damage to the Power Supply.
March 17, 2006
5-1
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
!
Warning!
Disconnect input power before maintaining.
Maintain more often
if used under severe
conditions
Each Use
Visual check of torch
Consumable parts
Visual check of
regulator and pressure
Weekly
Visually inspect the torch
body and consumables
Visually inspect the
cables and leads.
Replace as needed
Visually inspect the Wire
feed mechanisms
3 Months
Replace all
broken parts
Gas and
air lines
Clean exterior
of power
supply
6 Months
Visually check and
use a vacuum to carefully
clean the interior
Art # A-07362
5-2
March 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
5.02 Basic Troubleshooting
The basic level of troubleshooting is that which can be
performed without special equipment or knowledge, and
without removing the covers from the Power Supply.
If major components are faulty, then the Power Supply
should be returned to an Accredited Thermal Arc Service
Agent for repair.
5.03 Solving Problems Beyond the
Welding Terminals
The general approach to fix Gas Metal Arc Welding
(GMAW) problems is to start at the wire spool then work
through to the MIG torch. There are two main areas where
problems occur with GMAW:
1. Porosity
When there is a gas problem the result is usually porosity
within the weld metal. Porosity always stems from some
contaminant within the molten weld pool which is in the
process of escaping during solidification of the molten
metal.
6. Distance between the MIG torch nozzle and the
work piece.
a. Keep the distance between the MIG torch nozzle
and the work piece to a minimum.
7. Maintain the MIG torch in good working order.
a. Ensure that the gas holes are not blocked and
gas is exiting out of the torch nozzle. Refer to
WARNING below
b. Do not restrict gas flow by allowing spatter to
build up inside the MIG torch nozzle.
c. Check that the MIG gun O-rings are not
damaged.
!
WARNING
Disengage the drive roll when testing for gas
flow by ear.
Contaminants range from no gas around the welding arc
to dirt on the work piece surface. Porosity can be reduced
by checking the following points:
1. Gas cylinder contents and flow meter.
a. Ensure that the gas cylinder is not empty and
the flow meter is correctly adjusted to 2025CFM (15 litres per minute).
2. Gas leaks
a. Check for gas leaks between the regulator/
cylinder connection and in the gas hose to the
Power Source.
3. Internal gas hose in the Power Source.
a. Ensure the hose from the solenoid valve to the
MIG torch adaptor has not fractured and that it
is connected to the MIG torch adaptor.
4. Welding in a windy environment.
a. Shield the weld area from the wind or increase
the gas flow.
5. Welding dirty, oily, painted, oxidized or greasy
plate.
a. Clean contaminates off the plate
March 17, 2006
5-3
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
2. Inconsistent wire feed
Wire feeding problems can be reduced by checking the
following points:
1. Wire spool brake is too tight.
a. Feed roller driven by motor in the cabinet will
slip.
2. Wire spool brake is too loose.
a. Wire spool can unwind and tangle.
3. Worn or incorrect feed roll size.
a. Use ‘U’ groove feed roll matched to the
aluminum wire size you are welding. Use ‘V’
groove feed roll matched to the steel wire size
you are welding. Use ‘knurled V’ groove feed
roll matched to the flux cored wire size you are
welding.
4. Misalignment of inlet/outlet guides.
a. Wire will rub against the misaligned guides and
reduces wire feedability.
6. Incorrect or worn contact tip.
a. The contact tip transfers the weld current to
the electrode wire. If the hole in the contact tip
is to large then arcing may occur inside the
contact tip resulting in the electrode wire
jamming in the contact tip. When using soft
electrode wire such as aluminum it may
become jammed in the contact tip due to
expansion of the wire when heated. A contact
tip designed for soft electrode wires should be
used.
7. Poor work lead contact to work piece.
a. If the work lead has a poor electrical contact to
the work piece then the connection point will
heat up and result in a reduction of power at
the arc.
8. Bent conduit.
a. This will cause friction between the wire and
the conduit thus reducing wire feedability.
5. Liner blocked with swarf.
a. Slag is produced by the wire passing through
the feed roll, if excessive pressure is applied to
the pressure adjustement device. Slag can also
be produced by the wire passing through an
incorrect feed roll groove shape or size. Slag
is fed into the conduit where it accumulates
thus reducing wire feedability.
5-4
March 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
5.04 Welding Problems
FAULT
A. Undercut.
CAUSE
1. Welding arc voltage
too high.
REMEDY
Reduce voltage by reducing the output
voltage control switch position or increase
the wire speed.
2. Incorrect torch
angle
3. Excessive heat
input
Adjust angle
4. Weld speed too fast
B. Lack of penetration.
Increase the torch travel speed and/or
reduce welding current by reducing the
output voltage control switch position or
reducing the wire speed.
Reduce weld speed.
1. Welding current too
low
Increase welding current by increasing
wire speed and increasing voltage
selection switch position.
Increase joint angle or gap
C. Lack of fusion.
2. Joint preparation too
narrow or gap too
tight
3. Shielding gas
incorrect
4. Weld speed too fast
1. Voltage too low
D. Excessive spatter.
2. Weld speed too fast
1. Voltage too high
2. Voltage too low
E. Irregular weld
shape.
3. Weld speed too fast
1. Incorrect voltage and
current settings.
Convex, voltage too
low. Concave, voltage
too high.
Change to a gas which gives higher
penetration
Reduce weld speed.
Increase voltage by increasing output
voltage control switch position.
Reduce weld speed.
Lower voltage by reducing the voltage
selection switch or increase wire speed
control.
Raise voltage by increasing the output
voltage control switch or reduce wire
speed control.
Reduce weld speed.
Adjust voltage and current by adjusting
the voltage selection switch and the wire
speed control.
2. Wire is wandering
Replace contact tip
3. Incorrect shielding
gas
4. Insufficient or
excessive heat input
5. Weld speed too fast
Check shielding gas.
Adjust the wire speed control or the
output voltage control switch.
Reduce weld speed.
Table 5-1a: Welding Problems and Solutions
March 17, 2006
5-5
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
FAULT
A. Weld cracking
CAUSE
1. Weld beads are too
small
2. Weld penetration
narrow and deep
3. Excessive weld
stresses
4. Excessive voltage
5. Cooling rate too fast
B. Cold weld puddle.
C. Arc does not have a
crisp sound that
short arc exhibits
when the wirefeed
speed and voltage
are adjusted
correctly.
6. Weld speed too fast
1. Faulty rectifier unit
REMEDY
Decrease travel speed
Reduce current and voltage and
increase Mig torch travel speed or
select a lower penetration shielding gas.
Increase weld metal strength or revise
design
Decrease voltage by reducing the
voltage selection switch.
Slow the cooling rate by preheating part
to be welded or cool slowly.
Reduce weld speed.
Have an Accredited Thermal Arc Service
Agent to test then replace the faulty
component.
Check all welding cable connections.
2. Loose welding cable
connection.
3. Low Primary Voltage
4. Weld speed too fast
1. The MIG torch has
been connected to
the wrong voltage
polarity on the front
panel.
Contact supply authority
Reduce weld speed.
Connect the MIG torch to the positive
(+) welding terminal for solid wires and
gas shielded flux cored wires. Refer to
the electrode wire manufacturer for the
correct polarity.
2. Weld speed too fast
Reduce weld speed.
Table 5-1b: Welding Problems and Solutions (continued)
5-6
March 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
5.05 Power Supply Problems
FAULT
CAUSE
A. Indicator light in the ON/OFF Power
Switch is illuminated but welding
arc can not be established.
B. Primary input supply voltage is ON.
Indicator light in the ON/OFF Power
Switch is not lit and welding arc can
not be established.
C. Primary input indicator light in the
ON/OFF Power Switch is not lit and
welding arc can be established.
D. Primary input supply voltage is ON
and indicator light in the ON/OFF
Power Switch is lit but when the
gun trigger switch is depressed
nothing happens.
E. Primary input supply voltage is ON, no
wire feed but gas flows from the MIG
Gun when the gun trigger switch is
depressed.
F. Wire feeds when the gun trigger switch
is depressed but arc can not be
established.
G. Wire feed and shielding gas ceases
but the MIG gun trigger switch is
still depressed.
H. Jerky wire feed
1. The ON/OFF Power
Switch is off.
Switch the ON/OFF Power
Switch on.
1. Primary fuses has blown
or primary circuit breaker
has tripped.
2. Two amp circuit breaker in
the wirefeed compartment
has tripped.
1. Indicator light is open
circuit.
Get a qualified electrician to
replace the primary fuses or
reset the circuit breakers.
Reset the circuit breaker in the
wirefeed compartment.
1. Gun trigger switch leads
are disconnected.
Have an Accredited Thermal Arc
Service Agent replace the
ON/OFF Power Switch.
Reconnect gun trigger switch
leads.
1. Electrode wire stuck in
conduit liner or contact tip
(burn-back jam).
Check for clogged / kinked MIG Gun
conduit or worn contract tip.
Replace faulty component(s).
2. Faulty control PCB or Tweco
Gun
1. Poor or no work lead
connection.
Have an Accredited Thermal Arc
Service Agent investigate the fault.
Clean work clamp area and ensure
good electrical contact.
1. The Mode Selector switch
Set the Mode Selector switch is
is set to Spot
1. Worn or dirty contact tip
2. Worn feed roll
3. Excessive back tension from
wire reel hub.roll.
4. Worn, kinked or dirty conduit
liner
5. Low Swing Arm pressure
1. Gas hose is cut or pinched
I. No gas flow
J. Gas flow continues after the gun trigger
switch has been released.
REMEDY
set to Continuous
.
Replace
Replace
Reduce brake tension on spool hub
Clean or replace conduit liner
Increase the Swing Arm pressure.
Replace or repair.
2. Gas passage contains
impurities
Disconnect gas hose from the rear
of Fabricator then raise gas pressure
and blow out the impurities.
3. Gas regulator turned off
4. Empty Cylinder
Turn on.
Refill cylinder.
1. Gas valve has jammed open
due to impurities in the gas or
the gas line.
Have an Accredited Thermal Arc
Service Agent repair or replace gas
valve.
Table 5-2: Power Supply Problems
March 17, 2006
5-7
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
NOTES
5-8
March 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
APPENDIX 1: OPTIONS AND ACCESSORIES
• Note the model and specification number shown on the equipment nameplate.
For Tweco/Victor Inquiries and Orders:
Call 1-800-318-6819 Consumable Parts Management Group
EQUIPMENT OPTIONS
PART NO
Description
GUNS
Gun Assembly with 10ft cable (supplied with package), 200
Amp @ 30%
Gun Assembly with 10ft cable 250 Amp @ 60%
Gun Assembly with 12ft cable 250 Amp @ 60%
Gun Assembly with 10ft cable 250 Amp @ 80%
Gun Assembly with 12ft cable 250 Amp @ 80%
Tweco® WeldSkill 10ft
10217
Tweco® No. 2 10ft
Tweco® No. 2 12ft
Tweco® Spraymaster 10ft
Tweco® Spraymaster 12ft
ACCESSORIES
MIG gun control lead & 4 pin plug
210-3035
212-3035
MS210-3545
MS212-3545
MSAK-354
Victor Regulator/Flowmeter Mixed Gases
0781-2723
Victor Regulator/Flowmeter CO2
CONSUMABLES
Drive Roll Kits
Drive Roll .023”-.030”/.035” (0.6-0.8/0.9mm)
Drive Roll .035”-.045” (0.9-1.2mm)
Drive Roll .030”-.035” (0.8-0.9mm)
Drive Roll .040”-.045” (1.0-1.2mm)
Drive Roll .030”-.035” (0.8-0.9mm)
Drive Roll .045”-.1/16” (1.2-1.6mm)
Contact Tips
0781-2725
Connection lead between TWECO MIG guns & Fabricator 190
Medalist™ 1400 Series, HRF Flowmeter Regulator, ArgonArgon/CO2 mix gases
Medalist™ 1400 Series, HRF Flowmeter Regulator, CO2 gas
7977036
7977660
7977731
7977264
7977732
704277
V grooved for hard wire
V grooved for hard wire
U grooved for soft wire
U grooved for soft wire
V grooved knurl for cored wire
V grooved knurl for cored wire
11-23
11-30
11-35
11-40
11-45
.023” (0.6mm)
.030” (0.8mm)
.035” (.09mm)
.040” (1.0mm)
.045” (1.2mm)
21-37
21-50
21.62
3/8” (9.5mm)
1/2” (12.7mm)
5/8” (16mm)
42-23-15
42-3035-15
42-4045-15
42N-3545-15
.023”, 15 ft.(7.6m)
.030-.035”, 15ft. (4.5m)
.040-.045”, 15ft. (4.5m)
.035-3/64”, 15ft. (4.5m)
Nozzles
Conduits
March 17, 2006
A-1
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
APPENDIX 2: POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
CB1
18A(BRN)
Terminal block
L1
1
W1
24(VIO)
2A
K1\1
L1
18(BRN)
SW2
T1
(1)
(2)
23(DK BRN)
(12)
(11)
(6)
(5)
(10)
(9)
(8)
(7)
White
L2
2
Black
3
25(WHT)
K1\2
L2
19(BLU)
19A(BLU)
T2
(3)
SW1
(4)
L3
T3
K1\3
(6)
(5)
LT1
4
26(ORA)
Coil
(A2)
M1
BLU
BLK
21A
21
(ORN) (ORN)
Fan
Earth
(A1)
22A
(WHT)
(3)
(2)
(1)
Aux
Green\Yellow
20
(BRN)
SOL1
R1
-
20A
(BRN)
15
16
(BLU) (WHT)
21B
(ORN)
JB/5 JB/10
JE/1
M2
12
22
(WHT) (BLK)
JB/4
JB/11
JB/6
Wire
Feed
Motor
+
Burnback 100k
JE/2
(4)
11
(RED)
JB/8
JUMPER
JD-1
JD-2
PCB1
1
SWITCH 2
2
8
SWITCH
1
3
5
7
9
11
2
X
4
6
8
10
12
X
X
POSITION
3
7
4
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
NOTE:
Re-use this jumper
when replacing the
7977964 Control PCB
X
X
5
A-2
March 17, 2006
FABRICATOR 190 WELDING MACHINE
BR1
S2
L1
T1
POSITIVE
OUTPUT
TERMINAL
14
(ORN)
T2
VR1
T3
T4
F2
NEGATIVE
OUTPUT
TERMINAL
13
(GRY)
S1
T1
TS1
OVERLOAD
F1
R2
9
8
10
(BRN)
(VIO)
(BLU)
JB/3
JB/1
JB/2
14
13
(ORN) (GRY)
JB/9
JB/7
TS2
17
(ORN)
Wirespeed 1k
SW3
27(WHT)
R3
5A
(WHT)
Spot
100k
LED1
3A
7
6
5
4 (BLU) 3
(GRY) (RED) (WHT) (VIO)
(BLU)
JA/7
JA/6
JA/5
JA/4
JA/3
Torch Trigger
2
(BLK)
JA/2
1
(BLK)
JA/1
PCB 7977964
Art # A-07406
FABRICATOR 190 SYSTEM SCHEMATIC
March 17, 2006
A-3
LIMITED WARRANTY
This information applies to Thermal Arc products that were purchased in the USA and Canada.
April 2006
LIMITED WARRANTY: Thermal Arc®, Inc., A Thermadyne Company ("Thermal Arc"),
warrants to customers of authorized distributors ("Purchaser") that its products will be free
of defects in workmanship or material. Should any failure to conform to this warranty
appear within the warranty period stated below, Thermal Arc shall, upon notification
thereof and substantiation that the product has been stored, installed, operated, and
maintained in accordance with Thermal Arc's specifications, instructions,
recommendations and recognized standard industry practice, and not subject to misuse,
repair, neglect, alteration, or damage, correct such defects by suitable repair or
replacement, at Thermal Arc's sole option, of any components or parts of the product
determined by Thermal Arc to be defective.
This warranty is exclusive and in lieu of any warranty of
merchantability, fitness for any particular purpose, or other warranty of
quality, whether express, implied, or statutory.
Limitation of liability: Thermal Arc shall not under any circumstances be liable for special,
indirect, incidental, or consequential damages, including but not limited to lost profits and
business interruption. The remedies of the purchaser set forth herein are exclusive, and
the liability of thermal arc with respect to any contract, or anything done in connection
therewith such as the performance or breach thereof, or from the manufacture, sale,
delivery, resale, or use of any goods covered by or furnished by Thermal Arc, whether
arising out of contract, tort, including negligence or strict liability, or under any warranty,
or otherwise, shall not exceed the price of the goods upon which such liability is based.
No employee, agent, or representative of thermal arc is authorized to change this
warranty in any way or grant any other warranty, and thermal arc shall not be bound by
any such attempt. Correction of non-conformities, in the manner and time provided
herein, constitutes fulfillment of thermal’s obligations to purchaser with respect to the
product.
This warranty is void, and seller bears no liability hereunder, if purchaser used
replacement parts or accessories which, in thermal arc's sole judgment, impaired the
safety or performance of any thermal arc product. Purchaser’s rights under this warranty
are void if the product is sold to purchaser by unauthorized persons.
The warranty is effective for the time stated below beginning on the date that the
authorized distributor delivers the products to the Purchaser. Notwithstanding the
foregoing, in no event shall the warranty period extend more than the time stated plus
one year from the date Thermal Arc delivered the product to the authorized distributor.
Warranty repairs or replacement claims under this limited warranty must be submitted to
Thermal Arc via an authorized Thermal Arc repair facility within thirty (30) days of
purchaser's discovery of any defect. Thermal Arc shall pay no transportation costs of any
kind under this warranty. Transportation charges to send products to an authorized
warranty repair facility shall be the responsibility of the Purchaser. All returned goods
shall be at the Purchaser's risk and expense. This warranty dated April 1st 2006
supersedes all previous Thermal Arc warranties. Thermal Arc® is a Registered
Trademark of Thermal Arc, Inc.
WARRANTY SCHEDULE
This information applies to Thermal Arc products that were purchased in the USA and Canada.
April 2006
ENGINE DRIVEN WELDERS
W ARRANTY P ERIOD
Scout, Raider, Explorer
Original Main Power Stators and Inductors .................................................................................. 3 years
LABOR
3 years
Original Main Power Rectifiers, Control P.C. Boards ................................................................... 3 years
3 years
All other original circuits and components including, but not limited to, relays,
switches, contactors, solenoids, fans, power switch semi-conductors .......................................... 1 year
1 year
Engines and associated components are NOT warranted by Thermal Arc, although
most are warranted by the engine manufacturer ............................................................. See the Engine Manufactures Warranty for
Details
GMAW/FCAW (MIG) WELDING EQUIPMENT
W ARRANTY P ERIOD
LABOR
Fabricator 131, 181; 190, 210, 251, 281; Fabstar 4030;
PowerMaster 350, 350P, 500, 500P; Excelarc 6045.
Wire Feeders; Ultrafeed, Portafeed
Original Main Power Transformer and Inductor............................................................................ 5 years
3 years
Original Main Power Rectifiers, Control P.C. Boards, power switch semi-conductors ................. 3 years
3 years
All other original circuits and components including, but not limited to, relays,
switches, contactors, solenoids, fans, electric motors................................................................... 1 year
1 year
GTAW (TIG) & MULTI-PROCESS INVERTER WELDING EQUIPMENT
W ARRANTY P ERIOD
LABOR
160TS, 300TS, 400TS, 185AC/DC, 200AC/DC, 300AC/DC, 400GTSW, 400MST,
300MST, 400MSTP
Original Main Power Magnetics.................................................................................................... 5 years
3 years
Original Main Power Rectifiers, Control P.C. Boards, power switch semi-conductors ................. 3 years
3 years
All other original circuits and components including, but not limited to, relays,
switches, contactors, solenoids, fans, electric motors................................................................... 1 year
1 year
PLASMA WELDING EQUIPMENT
W ARRANTY P ERIOD
LABOR
Ultima 150
Original Main Power Magnetics.................................................................................................... 5 years
3 years
Original Main Power Rectifiers, Control P.C. Boards, power switch semi-conductors ................. 3 years
3 years
Welding Console, Weld Controller, Weld Timer ........................................................................... 3 years
3 years
All other original circuits and components including, but not limited to, relays,
switches, contactors, solenoids, fans, electric motors, Coolant Recirculator. ............................... 1 year
1 year
SMAW (Stick) WELDING EQUIPMENT
W ARRANTY P ERIOD
LABOR
Dragster 85
Original Main Power Magnetics..................................................................................................... 1 year
1 year
Original Main Power Rectifiers, Control P.C. Boards .................................................................... 1 year
1 year
All other original circuits and components including, but not limited to, relays,
switches, contactors, solenoids, fans, power switch semi-conductors .......................................... 1 year
1 year
160S, 300S, 400S
Original Main Power Magnetics.................................................................................................... 5 years
3 years
Original Main Power Rectifiers, Control P.C. Boards ................................................................... 3 years
3 years
All other original circuits and components including, but not limited to, relays,
switches, contactors, solenoids, fans, power switch semi-conductors .......................................... 1 year
1 year
GENERAL ARC EQUIPMENT
W ARRANTY P ERIOD
LABOR
Water Recirculators ....................................................................................................................... 1 year
1 year
Plasma Welding Torches.............................................................................................................180 days
180 days
Gas Regulators (Supplied with power sources) ..........................................................................180 days
Nil
MIG and TIG Torches (Supplied with power sources)..................................................................90 days
Replacement repair parts .............................................................................................................90 days
Nil
Nil
MIG, TIG and Plasma welding torch consumable items................................................................... Nil
Nil
GLOBAL CUSTOMER SERVICE CONTACT INFORMATION
Thermadyne USA
Thermadyne Asia Sdn Bhd
2800 Airport Road
Denton, Tx 76207 USA
Telephone: (940) 566-2000
800-426-1888
Fax: 800-535-0557
Email: [email protected]
Lot 151, Jalan Industri 3/5A
Rawang Integrated Industrial Park - Jln Batu Arang
48000 Rawang Selangor Darul Ehsan
West Malaysia
Telephone: 603+ 6092 2988
Fax : 603+ 6092 1085
Thermadyne Canada
Cigweld, Australia
2070 Wyecroft Road
Oakville, Ontario
Canada, L6L5V6
Telephone: (905)-827-1111
Fax: 905-827-3648
71 Gower Street
Preston, Victoria
Australia, 3072
Telephone: 61-3-9474-7400
Fax: 61-3-9474-7510
Thermadyne Europe
Thermadyne Italy
Europe Building
Chorley North Industrial Park
Chorley, Lancashire
England, PR6 7Bx
Telephone: 44-1257-261755
Fax: 44-1257-224800
OCIM, S.r.L.
Via Benaco, 3
20098 S. Giuliano
Milan, Italy
Tel: (39) 02-98 80320
Fax: (39) 02-98 281773
Thermadyne, China
Thermadyne International
RM 102A
685 Ding Xi Rd
Chang Ning District
Shanghai, PR, 200052
Telephone: 86-21-69171135
Fax: 86-21-69171139
2070 Wyecroft Road
Oakville, Ontario
Canada, L6L5V6
Telephone: (905)-827-9777
Fax: 905-827-9797
World Headquarters
Thermadyne Holdings Corporation
Suite 300, 16052 Swingley Ridge Road
St. Louis, MO 63017
Telephone: (636) 728-3000
Fascimile: (636) 728-3010
Email: [email protected]
www.thermalarc.com
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