Altiris™ Patch Management Solution for Linux® 7.1 SP2 from

Altiris™ Patch Management Solution for Linux® 7.1 SP2 from
Altiris™ Patch Management
Solution for Linux® 7.1 SP2
from Symantec™ User Guide
Altiris™ Patch Management Solution for Linux® 7.1 SP2
from Symantec™ User Guide
The software described in this book is furnished under a license agreement and may be used
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Contents
Technical Support ............................................................................................... 4
Chapter 1
Introducing Patch Management Solution for
Linux ................................................................................
11
About Patch Management Solution for Linux .................................... 11
What's new in Patch Management Solution for Linux 7.1 SP2 ............... 12
Where to get more information ....................................................... 12
Chapter 2
Implementing Patch Management Solution for
Linux ................................................................................
15
Implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux ......................... 15
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Installing Patch Management Solution for
Linux ................................................................................
19
System requirements for Patch Management Solution ........................
Platforms supported by Patch Management Solution for Linux .............
About installing Patch Management Solution ....................................
About upgrading Patch Management Solution for Linux ......................
About uninstalling Patch Management Solution ................................
About licensing Patch Management Solution .....................................
19
20
20
21
21
21
Installing the Software Update Plug-in .......................... 23
About the software update plug-in ..................................................
Installing the software update plug-in ..............................................
Upgrading the software update plug-in ............................................
Uninstalling the software update plug-in ..........................................
23
23
24
25
Configuring Patch Management Solution for
Linux ................................................................................
27
Configuring patch management Core Services settings .......................
Creating and assigning custom severity levels ...................................
Configuring Linux remediation settings ...........................................
Configuring software updates installation settings .............................
27
28
29
29
8
Contents
Configuring the system assessment scan interval ..............................
Core Services page .......................................................................
Linux patch remediation settings pages ............................................
Default Software Update Plug-in Settings page ..................................
Run System Assessment Scan on Linux Computers task ......................
Chapter 6
Configuring Patch Management Solution server
tasks ................................................................................. 37
About Patch Management Solution server tasks .................................
Downloading the software updates catalog .......................................
Relocating or checking the integrity of software update
packages ..............................................................................
Import Patch Data for Novell and Import Patch Data for Red Hat
pages ...................................................................................
Chapter 7
37
38
39
40
Downloading and distributing software
updates ............................................................................ 43
About errata and patches ...............................................................
About downloading and distributing software updates ........................
Downloading software updates .......................................................
Downloading and distributing software updates ................................
Viewing the software update delivery summary report ........................
About software update policies and maintenance windows ..................
Patch Remediation Center page ......................................................
Distribute Software Updates wizard pages ........................................
Update download and policy creation status dialog .............................
Distribute Software Updates task ....................................................
Download Software Update Package task ..........................................
Chapter 8
30
30
31
34
35
43
44
44
46
47
47
48
50
53
53
53
Using Patch Management Solution reports ................... 55
About Patch Management Solution reports .......................................
About compliance reports ..............................................................
About diagnostics reports ..............................................................
About remediation status reports ....................................................
About software bulletins reports .....................................................
About the Linux compliance dashboard ............................................
Viewing Patch Management Solution reports ....................................
55
56
57
57
57
57
58
Contents
Chapter 9
Replicating Patch Management Solution for Linux
data in hierarchy ........................................................... 61
About replicating Patch Management Solution for Linux data in
hierarchy .............................................................................. 61
Appendix A
Technical reference
............................................................ 63
About hierarchy and data replication direction .................................. 63
About Patch Management Solution security roles .............................. 65
Appendix B
Altiris™ Patch Management Solution for Linux 7.1
SP2 from Symantec™ Third-Party Legal
Notices ............................................................................. 67
Third-Party Legal Attributions ....................................................... 67
XML-RPC.NET ............................................................................. 67
Index
.................................................................................................................... 69
9
10
Contents
Chapter
1
Introducing Patch
Management Solution for
Linux
This chapter includes the following topics:
■
About Patch Management Solution for Linux
■
What's new in Patch Management Solution for Linux 7.1 SP2
■
Where to get more information
About Patch Management Solution for Linux
Patch Management Solution for Linux ensures that your Red Hat Linux and SUSE
Linux computers have the most up-to-date patches applied and protected against
security threats. The solution lets you inventory the managed Linux computers
for security vulnerabilities and then reports on the findings. It provides you with
the tools that let you download and distribute the needed software updates. Patch
Management Solution for Linux lets you set up an automatic update schedule to
ensure that managed computers are up-to-date and protected on an on-going
basis.
See “Platforms supported by Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 20.
See “Implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 15.
12
Introducing Patch Management Solution for Linux
What's new in Patch Management Solution for Linux 7.1 SP2
What's new in Patch Management Solution for Linux
7.1 SP2
In the 7.1 SP2 release of Patch Management Solution for Linux, the following new
features are introduced:
■
Support for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.0 and 6.1, all variants
■
Support for SUSE Linux Enterprise Server and SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop
version 11 SP1
■
Performance and reliability improvements
See “About Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 11.
Where to get more information
Use the following documentation resources to learn about and use this product.
Table 1-1
Documentation resources
Document
Description
Location
Release Notes
Information about new
features and important
issues.
The Supported Products A-Z page, which is available at the following
URL:
http://www.symantec.com/business/support/index?page=products
Open your product's support page, and then under Common Topics,
click Release Notes.
User Guide
Information about how
to use this product,
including detailed
technical information
and instructions for
performing common
tasks.
The Documentation Library, which is available in the Symantec
Management Console on the Help menu.
■ The Supported Products A-Z page, which is available at the
following URL:
http://www.symantec.com/business/support/index?page=products
Open your product's support page, and then under Common Topics,
click Documentation.
■
Introducing Patch Management Solution for Linux
Where to get more information
Table 1-1
Documentation resources (continued)
Document
Description
Location
Help
Information about how
to use this product,
including detailed
technical information
and instructions for
performing common
tasks.
The Documentation Library, which is available in the Symantec
Management Console on the Help menu.
Context-sensitive help is available for most screens in the Symantec
Management Console.
You can open context-sensitive help in the following ways:
■
The F1 key when the page is active.
Help is available at the ■ The Context command, which is available in the Symantec
Management Console on the Help menu.
solution level and at the
suite level.
This information is
available in HTML help
format.
In addition to the product documentation, you can use the following resources to
learn about Symantec products.
Table 1-2
Symantec product information resources
Resource
Description
Location
SymWISE
Support
Knowledgebase
Articles, incidents, and
issues about Symantec
products.
http://www.symantec.com/business/theme.jsp?themeid=support-knowledgebase
Symantec
Connect
An online resource that http://www.symantec.com/connect/endpoint-management
contains forums, articles,
blogs, downloads, events,
videos, groups, and ideas
for users of Symantec
products.
13
14
Introducing Patch Management Solution for Linux
Where to get more information
Chapter
2
Implementing Patch
Management Solution for
Linux
This chapter includes the following topics:
■
Implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux
Implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux
Patch Management Solution for Linux requires some components to be configured
or enabled before others to function correctly. The recommended workflow is as
follows:
See “About Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 11.
Table 2-1
Process for implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux
Step
Action
Description
Step 1
Install or upgrade the
solution.
Use Symantec Installation Manager to install the solution.
See “About installing Patch Management Solution” on page 20.
See “About upgrading Patch Management Solution for Linux”
on page 21.
16
Implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux
Implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux
Table 2-1
Process for implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux
(continued)
Step
Action
Description
Step 2
Install or upgrade the
Symantec Management
Agent.
Install or upgrade the Symantec Management Agent for UNIX, Linux,
and Mac on every computer to which you want to send patches.
For more information, see topics about installing or upgrading the
Symantec Management Agent in the Symantec Management Platform
User Guide.
See “Where to get more information” on page 12.
Step 3
Install or upgrade the
software update plug-in.
Install the plug-in that manages all of the Patch Management Solution
for Linux functionality on a client computer.
See “Installing the software update plug-in” on page 23.
See “Upgrading the software update plug-in” on page 24.
Step 4
Configure the Patch
Management Solution core
settings.
(Optional)
Configure the software update files storage location settings.
See “Configuring patch management Core Services settings”
on page 27.
Step 5
Type the credentials.
Type the Novell Mirror Credentials and Red Hat Network account
credentials.
See “Configuring Linux remediation settings” on page 29.
Step 6
Configure the software
Configure when do you want to perform software update installation.
updates installation settings.
See “Configuring software updates installation settings” on page 29.
Step 7
Configure the system
assessment scan interval.
Configure when to run the system assessment scan, which inventories
managed computers for the software updates that they require.
See “Configuring the system assessment scan interval ” on page 30.
Step 8
Download the Linux software Download the Novell announcements and Red Hat errata metadata.
updates metadata.
Configure the metadata update schedule.
See “Downloading the software updates catalog” on page 38.
Implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux
Implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux
Table 2-2
Process for installing software updates
Step
Action
Description
Step 1
Review and distribute
available software updates.
View which software errata or announcements you need to install,
then download updates and create software update policies.
See “Downloading software updates” on page 44.
See “Downloading and distributing software updates” on page 46.
Step 2
Evaluate the results.
Evaluate the results by running the Software Update Delivery
Summary report and revisiting compliance reports.
See “Viewing the software update delivery summary report”
on page 47.
See “Viewing Patch Management Solution reports” on page 58.
17
18
Implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux
Implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux
Chapter
3
Installing Patch
Management Solution for
Linux
This chapter includes the following topics:
■
System requirements for Patch Management Solution
■
Platforms supported by Patch Management Solution for Linux
■
About installing Patch Management Solution
■
About upgrading Patch Management Solution for Linux
■
About uninstalling Patch Management Solution
■
About licensing Patch Management Solution
System requirements for Patch Management Solution
Patch Management Solution requires the following:
■
Symantec Management Platform 7.1 SP2
For details on Symantec Management Platform implementation, see the IT
Management Suite 7.1 SP2 Planning and Implementation Guide at the following
URL:
http://www.symantec.com/docs/DOC4827
When you install or upgrade Patch Management Solution through the Symantec
Installation Manager, Symantec Management Platform is installed automatically.
See “About installing Patch Management Solution” on page 20.
20
Installing Patch Management Solution for Linux
Platforms supported by Patch Management Solution for Linux
Platforms supported by Patch Management Solution
for Linux
The Patch Management Solution for Linux component of Patch Management
Solution supports the following operating systems:
■
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10, 10 SP1-SP4, x86, x86_64
■
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11, 11 SP1, x86, x86_64
■
SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 10, 10 SP1-SP4, x86, x86_64
■
SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 11, 11 SP1, x86, x86_64
■
Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS/WS/ES 4 x86, x86_64
■
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server/Desktop 5 x86, x86_64
■
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server/Workstation/Client 6.0, 6.1, x86, x86_64
See “About Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 11.
About installing Patch Management Solution
Starting from version 7.1, the Patch Management Solution installation includes
the following components:
■
Patch Management Solution for Windows
■
Patch Management Solution for Linux
■
Patch Management Solution for Mac
You install this product by using the Symantec Installation Manager. You can
download the installation files directly to your server or you can create offline
installation packages.
For details on Symantec Management Platform implementation, see the IT
Management Suite 7.1 SP2 Planning and Implementation Guide at the following
URL:
http://www.symantec.com/docs/DOC4827
See “About Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 11.
Installing Patch Management Solution for Linux
About upgrading Patch Management Solution for Linux
About upgrading Patch Management Solution for
Linux
You upgrade this product from 7.1 or later to 7.1 SP2 by using the Symantec
Installation Manager. You can download the installation files directly to your
server or you can create offline installation packages.
For more information about migrating from 6.x and 7.0 to 7.1 SP2, see the following
documentation resources:
■
IT Management Suite Migration Guide version 6.x to 7.1 SP2 at:
http://www.symantec.com/docs/DOC4742
■
IT Management Suite Migration Guide version 7.0 to 7.1 SP2 at:
http://www.symantec.com/docs/DOC4743
After you upgrade the solution, you must upgrade the Symantec Management
Agent and the software update plug-in that are installed on the managed
computers.
For more information about upgrading the Symantec Management Agent, see
Symantec Management Platform User Guide.
See “Upgrading the software update plug-in” on page 24.
See “About Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 11.
About uninstalling Patch Management Solution
Use the Symantec Installation Manager to uninstall this product.
See “About Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 11.
About licensing Patch Management Solution
Each Symantec product comes with a seven-day trial license that is installed by
default. You can register and obtain a 30-day evaluation license through the
Symantec Web site at http://www.symantec.com/business/products/activating/
or purchase a full product license.
Use the Symantec Installation Manager to install licenses.
See “About Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 11.
21
22
Installing Patch Management Solution for Linux
About licensing Patch Management Solution
Chapter
4
Installing the Software
Update Plug-in
This chapter includes the following topics:
■
About the software update plug-in
■
Installing the software update plug-in
■
Upgrading the software update plug-in
■
Uninstalling the software update plug-in
About the software update plug-in
The software update plug-in manages patch management functionality on a client
computer. When a client computer requires a certain software update, the update
is sent from the Notification Server computer to the software update plug-in. The
software update plug-in ensures that the update is applicable and not already
installed, and then installs it.
See “Installing the software update plug-in” on page 23.
Installing the software update plug-in
The software update plug-in manages all of the Patch Management Solution
functionality on a client computer.
See “About the software update plug-in” on page 23.
24
Installing the Software Update Plug-in
Upgrading the software update plug-in
Note: If you have a large number of computers on which to install the software
update plug-in, consider deploying it during off-peak hours to minimize network
traffic. Deploying the software update plug-in can take some time, depending on
the number of managed computers and the Symantec Management Agent settings.
See “Implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 15.
To install the software update plug-in
1
In the Symantec Management Console, on the Actions menu, click
Agents/Plug-ins > Rollout Agents/Plug-ins.
2
In the left pane, click Software > Patch Management > Software Update
Plug-in Install.
3
(Optional) In the right pane, make any wanted changes.
For help, press F1 or click Help > Context.
4
Turn on the policy.
5
Click Save changes.
Upgrading the software update plug-in
If you upgraded Patch Management Solution from a previous version, you must
also upgrade the Symantec Management Agent and the software update plug-ins
that are installed on the target computers.
For more information about upgrading the Symantec Management Agent, see
Symantec Management Platform User Guide.
See “About the software update plug-in” on page 23.
See “Implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 15.
To upgrade the software update plug-in
1
In the Symantec Management Console, on the Actions menu, click
Agents/Plug-ins > Rollout Agents/Plug-ins.
2
In the left pane, click Software > Patch Management > Software Update
Plug-in Upgrade.
3
(Optional) In the right pane, make any wanted changes.
For help, press F1 or click Help > Context.
4
Turn on the policy.
5
Click Save changes.
Installing the Software Update Plug-in
Uninstalling the software update plug-in
Uninstalling the software update plug-in
You can uninstall the software update plug-in if there is an extended period of
time when you do not want to use the patch management features on a managed
computer and you want to eliminate any overhead that is caused by the plug-in.
See “About the software update plug-in” on page 23.
Ensure that the Software Update Plug-in Install policy is turned off before
uninstalling the software update plug-in.
See “Installing the software update plug-in” on page 23.
To uninstall the software update plug-in
1
In the Symantec Management Console, on the Actions menu, click
Agents/Plug-ins > Rollout Agents/Plug-ins.
2
In the left pane, click Software > Patch Management > Software Update
Plug-in Uninstall.
3
(Optional) In the right pane, make any wanted changes.
For help, press F1 or click Help > Context.
4
Turn on the policy.
5
Click Save changes.
25
26
Installing the Software Update Plug-in
Uninstalling the software update plug-in
Chapter
5
Configuring Patch
Management Solution for
Linux
This chapter includes the following topics:
■
Configuring patch management Core Services settings
■
Creating and assigning custom severity levels
■
Configuring Linux remediation settings
■
Configuring software updates installation settings
■
Configuring the system assessment scan interval
■
Core Services page
■
Linux patch remediation settings pages
■
Default Software Update Plug-in Settings page
■
Run System Assessment Scan on Linux Computers task
Configuring patch management Core Services settings
On the Core Services page you can configure to which location the software
updates should be downloaded. You can also create custom severity levels that
you can later apply to software updates.
The settings that you configure on the Core Services page apply to Windows and
Linux components of Patch Management Solution.
28
Configuring Patch Management Solution for Linux
Creating and assigning custom severity levels
See “About Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 11.
To configure patch management Core Services settings
1
In the Symantec Management Console, on the Settings menu, click All
Settings.
2
In the left pane, click Software > Patch Management > Core Services.
3
In the right pane, make any wanted changes.
See “Core Services page” on page 30.
4
Click Save Changes.
Creating and assigning custom severity levels
Errata or announcements deemed critical may not necessarily be critical in your
environment. You can create your own custom severity levels and assign them to
errata and patches.
You first create custom severity levels, and then assign them to bulletins. You
can alter custom severity levels. You cannot alter the vendor-specified severity
levels.
See “About errata and patches” on page 43.
To create a custom severity level
1
In the Symantec Management Console, on the Settings menu, click All
Settings.
2
In the left pane, click Software > Patch Management > Core Services.
3
In the right pane, click the Custom Severity tab.
4
In the Severity Level box, type the name that you want to give the custom
severity level. For example, "Install right away!"
5
Click Add.
6
Click Move Up or Move Down to position custom severity levels in the list.
7
Click Save Changes.
To assign a custom severity level to a software bulletin
1
In the Symantec Management Console, on the Actions menu, click Software
> Patch Remediation Center.
2
On the Patch Remediation Center page, in the software bulletin list,
right-click a software bulletin, and then click Custom Severity.
Configuring Patch Management Solution for Linux
Configuring Linux remediation settings
3
Click a severity level.
4
Click Refresh to view the new data in the Custom Severity column.
Configuring Linux remediation settings
You can set up how you want Linux software updates distributed. You can configure
package distribution and program settings.
See “About errata and patches” on page 43.
See “Implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 15.
To configure remediation settings
1
In the Symantec Management Console, on the Settings menu, click All
Settings.
2
In the left pane, click Software > Patch Management.
3
Do one of the following:
4
■
Click Novell Settings > Novell Patch Remediation Settings.
■
Click Red Hat Settings > Red Hat Patch Remediation Settings.
In the right pane, make any wanted changes.
See “Linux patch remediation settings pages” on page 31.
5
Click Save changes.
Configuring software updates installation settings
You can configure when the software update plug-in installs the software updates
and when to restart the target computer.
See “About the software update plug-in” on page 23.
See “Implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 15.
To configure the software updates installation settings
1
In the Symantec Management Console, on the Settings menu, click
Agents/Plug-ins > All Agents/Plug-ins.
2
In the left pane, click Software > Patch Management > Linux > Default
Software Update Plug-in Settings.
29
30
Configuring Patch Management Solution for Linux
Configuring the system assessment scan interval
3
In the right pane, configure when and how you want to install updates.
See “Default Software Update Plug-in Settings page” on page 34.
4
Click Save changes.
Configuring the system assessment scan interval
The system assessment scan lets you periodically inventory operating systems,
applications, and installed patches on managed computers with the software
update plug-in installed. System assessment information is then used to determine
which software updates the managed computer requires. Based on this information,
filters are automatically created to assist with the targeting of software update
policies.
You can configure how often you want to run the system assessment scan.
See “Implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 15.
To configure the system assessment scan interval
1
In the Symantec Management Console, on the Settings menu, click All
Settings.
2
In the left pane, click Software > Patch Management > Linux System
Assessment Scan.
3
In the right pane, under Schedule, configure how often to perform the system
assessment scan on the managed computers and report it back to Notification
Server.
4
Do not change the targeted filter from Linux Computers with Software Update
Plug-in Installed Target unless you have a specific reason to do so.
5
Click Save changes.
Core Services page
The Core Services page lets you configure to which location the software updates
should be downloaded. You can also create the custom severity levels that you
later apply to software updates.
The settings that are defined on this page apply to Windows and Linux components
of Patch Management Solution.
Only users with the Patch Management Administrators role can modify the
settings on this page.
See “About errata and patches” on page 43.
Configuring Patch Management Solution for Linux
Linux patch remediation settings pages
See “Configuring patch management Core Services settings” on page 27.
See “Creating and assigning custom severity levels” on page 28.
Table 5-1
Options on the Core Services page
Option
Description
To Location
Specifies the location to which you want to download the
software update packages.
The default location is C:\Program Files\Altiris\Patch
Management\Packages\Updates.
If you change the location and you want to relocate existing
software update packages, use the Check Software Update
Package Integrity task.
See “Relocating or checking the integrity of software update
packages” on page 39.
Download from staging (Patch Management Solution for Windows only)
location
Specifies the location to download packages from if you want to
download them from a cache in a different location.
For this functionality to work, the file structure in that location
must be exactly the same as the folder structure under
C:\Program Files\Altiris\Patch Management\Packages\Updates.
Severity Level
Lets you create a custom severity level that you can then assign
to a bulletin.
Linux patch remediation settings pages
The Novell Patch Remediation Settings and Red Hat Patch Remediation Settings
pages let you set up how you want Linux software updates distributed.
See “Configuring Linux remediation settings” on page 29.
Some of these settings are used as default values in the Distribute Software
Updates wizard.
All new Linux software updates that are downloaded have these package settings
and program settings by default. After you click Save changes, in a dialog box
that appears, you can choose to update existing software update policies and
packages. Note that updating existing packages can be time-consuming. If you do
not want to update existing packages at this time, you can click Save only.
See “Downloading and distributing software updates” on page 46.
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Configuring Patch Management Solution for Linux
Linux patch remediation settings pages
Table 5-2
Options on the Software Update Options tab of the vendor settings
page
Option
Description
Verify authenticity of downloaded
Software Updates
Ensures that all software updates are certified. This
option is checked by default.
Patch Filter Update Interval
Specifies when to update the target filters for all
software updates.
By default, the filter update is performed every 30
minutes.
The default Resource Target used by Specifies the filter that is used by default when you
the Software Update Policy Wizard create a new software update policy using the
Distribute Software Updates wizard.
The default target is Linux Computers with
Software Update Plug-in Installed Target.
Table 5-3
Options on the Policy and Package Settings tab of the vendor
settings page
Option
Description
Delete packages after
Lets you specify after what time to delete the software
update packages that are no longer needed.
Default: one week.
Assign package to
Lets you select the package distribution method.
For more information on assigning packages to package
servers, see the Symantec Management Platform User Guide.
Configuring Patch Management Solution for Linux
Linux patch remediation settings pages
Table 5-3
Options on the Policy and Package Settings tab of the vendor
settings page (continued)
Option
Description
Use alternate download
Lets you specify a different location on a package server to
location on Package Server which to download packages.
This setting accepts the following values:
■
C:\myfolder\
■
\\myserver\myshare\
■
\\%computername%\myshare\
In this case, %computername% is a token that will be
substituted with a package server computer name. The
share must exist on the package server and be accessible
with the Agent Connectivity Credentials (ACC). If these
conditions are not met, the packages will be marked as
invalid.
If you are using Linux package servers in your environment,
the Windows path that you specify is converted to UNIX
paths automatically. You must use the trailing slash for the
conversion to work correctly.
For example, c:\path\ is converted to /path/ on Linux
package servers.
Use alternate download
location on client
Table 5-4
Option
This option is disabled for Linux computers.
Options on the Programs tab of the vendor settings page
Description
Terminate after Lets you specify a time after which to terminate a running software
update program.
Default: two hours.
33
34
Configuring Patch Management Solution for Linux
Default Software Update Plug-in Settings page
Table 5-5
Options on the Novell Customer Center tab of the vendor settings
page
Option
Description
Novell mirror credentials (Novell Patch Remediation Settings policy only)
Type the Novell mirror credentials.
Patch Management Solution for Linux uses these credentials
to download the software updates catalog from the Novell
Web site.
Table 5-6
Options on the Red Hat Network tab of the vendor settings page
Option
Description
Red Hat Network access
credentials
(Red Hat Patch Remediation Settings policy only)
Type the Red Hat Network credentials.
Patch Management Solution for Linux uses these credentials
to download the software updates catalog from the Red Hat
Web site.
All managed computers on the same Notification Server
must use the same Red Hat Network account.
Default Software Update Plug-in Settings page
This page lets you specify settings for the software update plug-in to use when
you install software updates on managed computers.
By default, the settings that you specify on this page apply to all Linux computers
that have the software update plug-in installed.
See “About the software update plug-in” on page 23.
See “Configuring software updates installation settings” on page 29.
Table 5-7
Options on the Installation Schedules tab of the Default Software
Update Plug-in Settings page
Option
Description
Schedule
Lets you configure a schedule when software updates get
installed on the managed computer.
If maintenance windows are specified in Notification Server
configuration policies, this schedule is ignored unless you
check Override maintenance windows settings.
Configuring Patch Management Solution for Linux
Run System Assessment Scan on Linux Computers task
Options on the Installation Schedules tab of the Default Software
Update Plug-in Settings page (continued)
Table 5-7
Option
Description
Reinstallation attempts
after task failure
Lets you set the number of times Patch Management Solution
should attempt to reinstall a software update if the initial
install attempt fails.
Default: three times.
Allow user to run
Lets a user initiate software update installation on the target
Linux computer by running the aex-patchinstall -i
command.
Override maintenance
windows settings
If maintenance windows are set up for Linux computers, you
can install software updates only within maintenance
windows. If an update is scheduled to install outside of a
maintenance window, it is not installed.
Check this option to override this behavior and use the install
options that you specified in this policy.
Uncheck to abide by the maintenance windows that are
specified in Notification Server configuration policies.
Table 5-8
Options
Options on the Notification tab of the Default Software Update
Plug-in Settings page
Description
Notify user Lets you choose to send a message to the users of the computer on which a
patch management task is about to run. Specify for how long the message
should be displayed before a task is run.
You can type a custom message: for example, “Software updates will install
on your computer in 10 minutes. Please ensure that all work is saved”.
Run System Assessment Scan on Linux Computers
task
This task lets you run a system assessment scan on the target computers outside
of the normal system assessment schedule that is defined on the System
Assessment Scan Settings page.
See “Configuring the system assessment scan interval ” on page 30.
35
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Configuring Patch Management Solution for Linux
Run System Assessment Scan on Linux Computers task
Chapter
6
Configuring Patch
Management Solution
server tasks
This chapter includes the following topics:
■
About Patch Management Solution server tasks
■
Downloading the software updates catalog
■
Relocating or checking the integrity of software update packages
■
Import Patch Data for Novell and Import Patch Data for Red Hat pages
About Patch Management Solution server tasks
You must configure server tasks (previously known as background actions) to run
automatically at regular intervals.
Examples of server tasks include Import Patch Data for Novell and Import Patch
Data for Red Hat. Automated server tasks ensure that you have the latest, most
accurate data, and that your software update tasks are kept up-to-date. To
configure a task to run automatically, set a schedule for it.
The Import Patch Data for Novell and Import Patch Data for Red Hat tasks must
successfully run before you can download or distribute any software updates for
Linux computers.
These tasks download software updates catalog files and import all software
management resources from these files into the CMDB.
See “Downloading the software updates catalog” on page 38.
38
Configuring Patch Management Solution server tasks
Downloading the software updates catalog
See “Implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 15.
Other server tasks ensure data integrity or assist in automating software update
distribution processes.
See “Relocating or checking the integrity of software update packages” on page 39.
Downloading the software updates catalog
You must download the Novell and Red Hat software updates catalog (patch
management metadata, or patch management import files) before you can
distribute updates.
See “Implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 15.
The software updates catalog is downloaded from the following URLs:
■
Red Hat — http://xmlrpc.rhn.redhat.com
■
Novell — https://nu.novell.com
You need to make sure that your firewall configuration and proxy configuration
allow network communication to these URLs.
You may want to create a schedule for this task as well. This procedure ensures
that you have the latest, most accurate data, and your software update tasks are
kept up-to-date. Symantec recommends that you configure the task to run weekly.
Note: If the Altiris Log Viewer is open, close it before you perform this task. By
closing the viewer, you can improve the task’s performance by as much as 50
percent.
See “Implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 15.
To download the software updates catalog immediately
1
In the Symantec Management Console, on the Manage menu, click Jobs and
Tasks.
2
In the left pane, expand Jobs and Tasks > System Jobs and Tasks > Software
> Patch Management.
3
Click one of the following:
■
Import Patch Data for Novell
This task downloads the Novell patches metadata.
■
Import Patch Data for Red Hat
This task downloads the Red Hat errata metadata.
Configuring Patch Management Solution server tasks
Relocating or checking the integrity of software update packages
4
In the right pane, click Import channels.
5
When the software channels import is complete, check the channels for which
you want to download the patch management metadata.
For Red Hat, check only the base channels (operating system names) for which
you want to download the metadata. If you want, you can expand the tree
and check any additional components, such as development tools.
For Novell, checking the base channels (operating system names) selects all
of the child items in the tree for download. You can reduce the metadata
download time by unchecking unnecessary subchannels. However, Symantec
recommends that for each of the Update channels you also check the
respective Pool channel. Doing so improves dependency resolving.
6
(Optional) Make any wanted changes.
See “Import Patch Data for Novell and Import Patch Data for Red Hat pages”
on page 40.
7
Click Save changes.
8
Under Task Status, click New Schedule.
9
In the New Schedule dialog box, click Now, and then click Schedule.
To configure a schedule for downloading the software updates catalog
1
On the Import Patch Data for Novell or Import Patch Data for Red Hat page,
under Task Status, click New Schedule.
2
In the New Schedule dialog box, click Schedule, and then configure a schedule
on which to run this task.
Symantec recommends that you configure the task to run weekly.
3
Click Schedule.
Relocating or checking the integrity of software
update packages
When you change package or program settings in the Patch Remediation Settings
policies, you can choose to run the Check Software Update Package Integrity
task. This task checks that all software update packages have the correct new
settings and values.
See “Configuring Linux remediation settings” on page 29.
You can also run this task manually to verify that software update packages in
software update tasks have the correct global server settings applied.
39
40
Configuring Patch Management Solution server tasks
Import Patch Data for Novell and Import Patch Data for Red Hat pages
The task also relocates the software update packages in case you changed the
default software update package location on the Core Services page.
See “Configuring patch management Core Services settings” on page 27.
To relocate or check the integrity of software update packages
1
In the Symantec Management Console, on the Manage menu, click Jobs and
Tasks.
2
In the left pane, expand System Jobs and Tasks > Software > Patch
Management, and then click Check Software Update Package Integrity.
3
If you want to delete the downloaded updates that are not part of any software
update policy or belong to a superseded bulletin, check Delete the updates
that are no longer in use from the file system.
4
If you changed the Software Update Package Location value on the Core
Services page and want to relocate downloaded updates, check Relocate
existing packages if default Software Update package location on Core
Services page has changed.
See “Configuring patch management Core Services settings” on page 27.
5
Under Task Status, click New Schedule and specify a schedule on which to
run the task.
Import Patch Data for Novell and Import Patch Data
for Red Hat pages
This task downloads the software update catalog files and imports all software
update resources from these files into the CMDB. These resources are necessary
for populating the Patch Remediation Center and performing the system
assessment scan on the managed computers.
This task downloads the information about the updates that are available for
download. It does not download the actual software update files.
See “Downloading the software updates catalog” on page 38.
Table 6-1
Options on the Import Patch Data page
Option
Description
Incremental Import
Check to import only the updates that have been
added since the last successful import.
Configuring Patch Management Solution server tasks
Import Patch Data for Novell and Import Patch Data for Red Hat pages
Table 6-1
Options on the Import Patch Data page (continued)
Option
Description
Automatically revise Software Update Automatically updates software update policies
policies after importing patch data
with the latest data.
Each download of the patch management
metadata files may contain data and fixes for the
software bulletins that were published earlier. By
checking this option, you can use the new data to
resolve any known issues with existing software
bulletins.
Enable distribution of newly added
Software Updates
Enables the distribution of the software updates
that were added to existing software bulletins by
the software vendor.
If you check this option, the software updates that
are added to existing software update policies will
be enabled for distribution.
If you do not check this option, the software
updates will be added to the policy, but not
enabled.
41
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Configuring Patch Management Solution server tasks
Import Patch Data for Novell and Import Patch Data for Red Hat pages
Table 6-1
Options on the Import Patch Data page (continued)
Option
Description
Select software channels for import
Lets you choose the operating systems and
channels for which you want to import the
updates catalog.
When you run this task for the first time, you
must click Import channels to download the list
of available software channels.
You should check only the operating systems that
are installed on the computers that you want to
manage.
For Red Hat, check only the base channels
(operating system names) for which you want to
download the metadata. If you want, you can
expand the tree and check any additional
components, such as development tools.
For Novell, checking the base channels (operating
system names) selects all of the child items in the
tree for download. You can reduce the metadata
download time by unchecking unnecessary
subchannels.
Note that Novell has an overlap period of support
for six months after a new service pack is released.
After the six-month overlap period, Novell stops
publishing new updates for the previous service
pack. Novell recommends that you migrate to the
latest service pack within this six-month period.
However, the computers that have not been
migrated can continue receiving updates from
Patch Management Solution for Linux. To do this,
select a software channel for the latest available
service pack. Some updates from this channel can
also be applied to the Novell systems with a lower
service pack version.
For more information, see the end of life
announcements on the Novell Web site.
Chapter
7
Downloading and
distributing software
updates
This chapter includes the following topics:
■
About errata and patches
■
About downloading and distributing software updates
■
Downloading software updates
■
Downloading and distributing software updates
■
Viewing the software update delivery summary report
■
About software update policies and maintenance windows
■
Patch Remediation Center page
■
Distribute Software Updates wizard pages
■
Update download and policy creation status dialog
■
Distribute Software Updates task
■
Download Software Update Package task
About errata and patches
Software bulletins that contain security updates for Red Hat Linux servers are
called errata. Periodically, Red Hat issues the Red Hat Security Advisories (RHSA),
Red Hat Bug Advisories (RHBA), and Red Hat Enhancement Advisories (RHEA),
44
Downloading and distributing software updates
About downloading and distributing software updates
which are the equivalent of Microsoft software bulletins. The advisories are either
security fixes, bug fixes, or enhancements. Each advisory contains one or more
patches (rpm packages). All the RHSAs, RHBAs, and RHEAs are available at the
following URL: https://rhn.redhat.com/errata.
Software bulletins that contain SUSE security updates for Novell Linux servers
are called patches. Novell patches for different products may be released several
times in a month.
See “About downloading and distributing software updates” on page 44.
About downloading and distributing software updates
You can download errata or patches on the Patch Remediation Center page, where
all available software updates are listed. You can also do this from any Patch
Management Solution report.
See “About errata and patches” on page 43.
When you choose to download an erratum or patch, all associated updates are
downloaded to the Notification Server computer.
You can choose to download the software update packages now but distribute
them at a later time. You also have an option to download and distribute the
software update to managed computers at once.
When in the All Software Bulletins report, the value in the Staged column changes
to True, all updates for the erratum or patch have been downloaded.
See “Downloading software updates” on page 44.
To reduce workload on the Notification Server computer, Symantec recommends
that you create software update policies in monthly increments. Including a large
number of errata or patches into a software update policy can affect performance
and make managing updates difficult.
See “Downloading and distributing software updates” on page 46.
Warning: Patch Management Solution for Linux does not support the rollout of
kernel updates because the automatic restart functionality is not available. Do
not stage and distribute kernel updates.
Downloading software updates
You can download an erratum or patch and its associated updates.
Downloading and distributing software updates
Downloading software updates
You can download all errata or patches. However, Symantec recommends that
you download only the errata or patches that the target computers require. On
the Patch Remediation Center page, in the compliance reports, you can view how
many computers require an update.
After the updates are downloaded, you must create a software update policy to
distribute the updates to managed computers.
See “Downloading and distributing software updates” on page 46.
When you choose to download an erratum or patch, a task is created that
downloads the software updates. You can view the status of this task to
troubleshoot the download of software updates.
See “About downloading and distributing software updates” on page 44.
See “Implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 15.
To download software updates
1
In the Symantec Management Console, on the Actions menu, click Software
> Patch Remediation Center.
2
In the right pane, in the Show drop-down list, click Red Hat Compliance by
Erratum or SUSE Compliance by Announcement, and then click the Refresh
symbol.
These reports let you see which updates the target computers require.
3
Click the errata or patches that you want to download.
For example, click the errata or patches that have a lower number in the
Compliance column. You can select multiple items while holding down the
Shift or Control key.
4
Right-click the selected errata or patches, and then click Download packages.
You can close the status dialog box and the download continues in the
background.
To view the status of a software updates download
1
In the Symantec Management Console, on the Manage menu, click Jobs and
Tasks.
2
In the left pane, expand Jobs and Tasks > System Jobs and Tasks > Software
> Patch Management, and then click Download Software Update Package.
3
In the right pane, view the status of download tasks.
45
46
Downloading and distributing software updates
Downloading and distributing software updates
Downloading and distributing software updates
To deliver and install the software updates to the appropriate computers, you
must create software update policies.
The Distribute Software Updates wizard lets you create software update policies.
If the associated software updates are not yet downloaded, Patch Management
Solution creates a download task. When download is completed, the software
update policy is distributed to the target computers.
To reduce workload on the Notification Server computer, Symantec recommends
that you create software update policies in monthly increments. Including a large
number of errata or patches into a software update policy can affect performance
and make managing updates difficult.
The policies that you create are stored in the Manage > Policies > Software >
Patch Management > Software Update Policies folder. You can view the details
of the policy and change settings if necessary.
You can view the software update policies distribution results in reports.
See “Viewing the software update delivery summary report” on page 47.
Warning: Patch Management Solution for Linux does not support the rollout of
kernel updates. Do not distribute kernel updates.
See “About downloading and distributing software updates” on page 44.
See “Implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 15.
To distribute software updates
1
In the Symantec Management Console, on the Actions menu, click Software
> Patch Remediation Center.
2
In the right pane, in the Show drop-down box, click SUSE Compliance by
Announcement or Red Hat Compliance by Errata, and then click the Refresh
symbol.
These reports let you see which updates the target computers require.
3
Click the errata or patches that you want to distribute.
For example, click the errata or patches that have a lower number in the
Compliance column. You can select multiple items while holding down the
Shift or Control key.
4
Right-click the selected bulletins, and then click Distribute Packages.
Downloading and distributing software updates
Viewing the software update delivery summary report
5
(Optional) Configure the settings as needed.
See “Distribute Software Updates wizard pages” on page 50.
6
Click Next.
7
(Optional) On the second page of the wizard, check the updates that you want
to distribute.
8
If you want to activate the new software update policy, turn on the policy. To
turn on the policy, click the colored circle and then click On.
You can also turn on the policy later.
9
Click Distribute software updates.
Viewing the software update delivery summary report
The Linux Software Update Tasks Delivery Summary report summarizes the
results of all scheduled software update policies. It tells you which computers the
software update tasks target, and if the updates have been successfully installed.
The report also tells you if any software update tasks failed, or if they have not
yet completed.
Patch Management Solution for Linux also provides other reports that you can
view.
See “About Patch Management Solution reports” on page 55.
See “Implementing Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 15.
To view the software update delivery summary report
1
In the Symantec Management Console, on the Reports menu, click All
Reports.
2
In the left pane, expand Software > Patch Management > Remediation Status,
and then click Linux Software Update Tasks Delivery Summary.
3
In the right pane, leave the default settings, and then click Refresh.
About software update policies and maintenance
windows
Maintenance windows are time periods in which installation of software updates
and other maintenance tasks are performed. To ensure that software update
policies abide by maintenance windows, leave the Override Maintenance Window
Settings check box unchecked on the first page of the Distribute Software Updates
wizard.
47
48
Downloading and distributing software updates
Patch Remediation Center page
On Linux computers, software updates can be installed only at the scheduled time.
Make sure that you schedule the updates installation within the maintenance
window.
If you check the box, the software update plug-in ignores maintenance windows
and installs the updates as instructed by the software update policy.
See “Distribute Software Updates wizard pages” on page 50.
Installing a software update may take longer than a specified maintenance window.
In this case, the installation of the updates completes, but any required restarts
are deferred until the next maintenance window.
Patch Remediation Center page
This page lets you view, download, and distribute the software updates that the
software update metadata files provide.
See “About downloading and distributing software updates” on page 44.
See “About errata and patches” on page 43.
Table 7-1
Items on the Patch Remediation Center page
Item
Description
Bulletin
The bulletin's number, as supplied by the vendor.
Severity
The bulletin's vendor-specified severity level.
Custom Severity The bulletin's user-defined severity level.
Staged
The download status of the software updates for this bulletin. If all
updates have been downloaded, the result is True. Otherwise it is False.
Policies
The number of software update policies that have been created from
the bulletin.
Updates
The number of software updates that are included in the bulletin.
Downloaded
The number of software updates currently downloaded.
Released
The date the bulletin was released.
Revised
The date the bulletin was revised.
Description
A description of the vulnerabilities that the software bulletin addresses.
Downloading and distributing software updates
Patch Remediation Center page
Table 7-2
Right-click actions in the All Software Bulletins report
Item
Description
Resource Manager
Opens the Resource Manager for the selected bulletin.
For more information, see the Symantec Management
Platform User Guide.
Export
Lets you export the bulletin information to an XML file.
Properties
Displays the item's properties and audit information.
CMDB Functions
This option is displayed when Altiris CMDB Solution is
installed.
For more information, see the CMDB Solution User Guide.
Custom Severity
Lets you assign a custom severity level.
See “Creating and assigning custom severity levels”
on page 28.
Add To Filter
This option is displayed when Altiris CMDB Solution is
installed.
For more information, see the CMDB Solution User Guide.
Add to organizational group Lets you add a resource to an organizational group.
Disable
Lets you disable the distribution of the bulletin. If the
bulletin is already included in a software update policy, it
will not be installed.
To enable the bulletin, use the Download Packages or
Recreate Packages commands.
Distribute Packages
Launches the Distribute Software Updates wizard.
Download Packages
Initiates the download of software update packages.
This option is not available if the packages are already
downloaded.
Recreate Packages
Lets you check the integrity of downloaded packages and
re-download if necessary.
This option is not available if the packages are not yet
downloaded.
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Downloading and distributing software updates
Distribute Software Updates wizard pages
Table 7-2
Right-click actions in the All Software Bulletins report (continued)
Item
Description
View Policies
Lets you view the software update policies that contain
this particular bulletin.
This option is available only if a policy has been created
for this bulletin.
View Targeted Computers
Displays the computers that the software update policy
containing this bulletin is targeting.
You must create a software update policy before you can
view targeted computers. The bulletin must not be disabled.
List Software Updates
Table 7-3
Displays the list of software updates that are included into
the software bulletin.
Right-click actions in the Windows Compliance by Bulletin report
Item
Description
View Software Bulletin Information Displays the software bulletin information such as
description, release date, applicable operating
systems, and so on.
ViewTargetedComputersbyBulletin Displays the computers that the software update
policy containing this bulletin is targeting.
You must create a software update policy before
you can view targeted computers. The bulletin must
not be disabled.
View Applicable Computers by
Bulletin
Displays the computers to which the selected
bulletin applies.
ViewInstalledComputersbyBulletin Displays the computers on which the selected
bulletin is installed.
View Not Installed Computers by
Bulletin
Displays the computers that do not have the
selected bulletin installed.
Distribute Software Updates wizard pages
The Distribute Software Updates wizard creates the software update policies
that distribute software updates to managed computers. A software update policy
that is created from an erratum or patch includes every software update that is
Downloading and distributing software updates
Distribute Software Updates wizard pages
associated with the erratum or patch. If needed, a download task is created that
downloads software update packages from the vendor.
See “Downloading and distributing software updates” on page 46.
Table 7-4
Options on the first page of the Distribute Software Updates wizard
Option
Description
Name
The name of the software update policy that you want to
create.
This field is populated automatically with the bulletin
names.
Description
The description of the software update policy that you want
to create.
This field is populated with the vendor description of the
selected bulletins.
Software Bulletins
The names of the bulletins for which you have chosen to
make policies.
You can click a software bulletin to open the Resource
Manager to view detailed information on the software
bulletin. You cannot edit the software bulletins through the
Distribute Software Updates wizard.
Software Updates
The names of each software update that is included in the
bulletin.
Run (other than agent
default)
Runs the software updates installation at a different time
than the time that is specified in the software update plug-in
settings.
See “Configuring software updates installation settings”
on page 29.
As soon as possible
Runs the software updates installation as soon as the
software update policy arrives to the target computer.
On schedule
Runs the software updates installation on a schedule.
Override Maintenance
Windows settings
Overrides the specified maintenance windows settings.
See “About software update policies and maintenance
windows” on page 47.
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Downloading and distributing software updates
Distribute Software Updates wizard pages
Table 7-4
Options on the first page of the Distribute Software Updates wizard
(continued)
Option
Description
Apply to computers
Lets you specify the target collection or collections to which
the software update policy applies.
If you use the Distribute Software Updates wizard, the
correct resource target for the selected software bulletin is
automatically applied.
Table 7-5
Options on second page of the Software Update Policy Wizard
Options
Description
On/Off
Lets you enable or disable the software update policy for the
software bulletin and included software updates.
Click On if you want the policy to become active after you
complete the wizard.
You can also turn on the policy later. The policies that you create
are located at Manage > Policies > Software > Patch
Management > Software Update Policies.
Immediately replicate
that policy down the
hierarchy
This option is available only on the parent Notification Server
computer in a hierarchy.
Lets you replicate the software update policy immediately down
the hierarchy bypassing the default replication schedules.
Use this option to replicate an emergency software update. Keep
in mind that software update installation is not performed
immediately after you create and replicate a software update
policy. Software update installation time depends on the
software update policy, solution, and the Symantec Management
Agent settings.
Software Bulletins
The names of the software bulletins that are included into the
software update policy.
Update Names
The name of each software update executable.
If you enable this advertisement, all of the executables are
enabled. Click the hyperlink to open the Resource Manager
page for the software update.
Downloading and distributing software updates
Update download and policy creation status dialog
Update download and policy creation status dialog
This dialog box displays the package download or software update policy creation
status.
You can close this dialog box. The action will continue to run in background.
See “About downloading and distributing software updates” on page 44.
Distribute Software Updates task
Patch Management Solution uses this task to distribute software updates. This
task uses the Symantec Management Agent's built-in software management
framework functionality to distribute and install updates.
See “About downloading and distributing software updates” on page 44.
This task is read-only.
Download Software Update Package task
Patch Management Solution uses this task to download software updates from
the vendor to a local repository.
See “About downloading and distributing software updates” on page 44.
This task is read-only.
53
54
Downloading and distributing software updates
Download Software Update Package task
Chapter
8
Using Patch Management
Solution reports
This chapter includes the following topics:
■
About Patch Management Solution reports
■
About compliance reports
■
About diagnostics reports
■
About remediation status reports
■
About software bulletins reports
■
About the Linux compliance dashboard
■
Viewing Patch Management Solution reports
About Patch Management Solution reports
You can view and manage your patch management data through reports. Reports
give you the information that is specific to Patch Management Solution. For
example, you can use compliance reports to determine how many urgent software
updates your managed computers require.
See “About compliance reports” on page 56.
Reports let you view information in various ways. You can see your information
in tables or graphically in charts. You can also drill down on specific items in a
report to obtain additional information.
You can download or distribute software updates directly from reports by
right-clicking the update name in the report.
56
Using Patch Management Solution reports
About compliance reports
Patch Management Solution provides the following reports:
■
Compliance reports
See “About compliance reports” on page 56.
■
Diagnostic reports
See “About diagnostics reports” on page 57.
■
Remediation status reports
See “About remediation status reports” on page 57.
■
Software bulletin reports
See “About software bulletins reports” on page 57.
See “Viewing Patch Management Solution reports” on page 58.
Patch Management Solution also has a patch management portal page that is
comprised of a number of Web parts displaying results from commonly used
reports.
See “About the Linux compliance dashboard” on page 57.
About compliance reports
Compliance reports let you quickly determine which software updates your
managed computers require. Compliance reports are used to determine if
computers are up-to-date with the latest software updates. These reports are also
used to check if a particular software bulletin or update is installed on your
managed computers. This capability is useful if a specific security issue affects
your network environment and a certain update addresses the problem.
You can start distributing software updates directly from report results. For
example, if you want to quickly distribute all critical updates, sort the report
results by Severity. Then, right-click all critical updates and click Download
Packages or Distribute Packages.
See “About downloading and distributing software updates” on page 44.
You can find the compliance reports in the Symantec Management Console under
Reports > All Reports > Software > Patch Management > Compliance.
Compliance reports are also featured on the Patch Management Solution
compliance dashboard for easy access.
See “About the Linux compliance dashboard” on page 57.
See “About Patch Management Solution reports” on page 55.
Using Patch Management Solution reports
About diagnostics reports
About diagnostics reports
The diagnostics reports display vulnerability summary and software update
plug-in installation information.
You can find the diagnostics reports in the Symantec Management Console under
Reports > All Reports > Software > Patch Management > Diagnostics.
See “About Patch Management Solution reports” on page 55.
About remediation status reports
The remediation status reports summarize and detail software update associations
and activities.
You can find the remediation status reports in the Symantec Management Console
under Reports > All Reports > Software > Patch Management > Remediation
Status.
See “About Patch Management Solution reports” on page 55.
About software bulletins reports
The software bulletins reports summarize and detail software bulletins activity
and status.
You can find the software bulletins reports in the Symantec Management Console
under Reports > All Reports > Software > Patch Management > Software
Bulletins.
See “About Patch Management Solution reports” on page 55.
About the Linux compliance dashboard
The Red Hat Software Update Compliance Portal and Novell Software Update
Compliance Portal pages provide patch management summary information at a
glance. The pages are comprised of a number of Web parts displaying results from
commonly used reports.
See “About Patch Management Solution reports” on page 55.
You cannot customize this portal page directly. If you want, you can add patch
management Web parts to other configurable portal pages. For example, the My
Portal page.
57
58
Using Patch Management Solution reports
Viewing Patch Management Solution reports
You can access the portal page by clicking Home > Patch Management, and then,
in the left pane, under Novell or under Red Hat Linux, click Compliance
Dashboard.
Table 8-1
Web parts on the Software Update Compliance Portal pages
Web part
Description
Patch Management License
Status
Reports on the amount of Patch Management Solution
licenses in use, their status, and expiration date.
Vulnerabilities
Reports on the number of vulnerabilities that need to
be addressed.
This Web part is also available in a graph form.
Software Update Tasks Delivery Reports on the number of patches that were executed
Summary
in the past 30 days and how many succeeded or did not
complete.
This Web part is also available in a graph form.
Software Bulletin Summary
Reports on the number of software bulletins available,
staged, tasks created, and new bulletins in the last 30
days.
This Web part is also available in a graph form.
Configuration Summary
Provides an overall configuration summary, which
includes computers with the software update plug-in,
computers not reporting vulnerability analysis, software
updates catalog download data, and so on.
Viewing Patch Management Solution reports
Patch Management Solution for Windows provides reports that let you view
detailed information about the updates.
See “About Patch Management Solution reports” on page 55.
To view Patch Management reports
1
In the Symantec Management Console, on the Reports menu, click All
Reports.
2
In the left pane, expand Software > Patch Management.
3
Click the report that you want to view.
For example, click Compliance > SUSE Compliance by Update.
Using Patch Management Solution reports
Viewing Patch Management Solution reports
4
In the right pane, leave the default settings, and click Refresh.
5
If you want to view more information about an update, right-click any update,
and click Resource Manager.
59
60
Using Patch Management Solution reports
Viewing Patch Management Solution reports
Chapter
9
Replicating Patch
Management Solution for
Linux data in hierarchy
This chapter includes the following topics:
■
About replicating Patch Management Solution for Linux data in hierarchy
About replicating Patch Management Solution for
Linux data in hierarchy
Downloading Red Hat and Novell patch management metadata files to multiple
Notification Server computers can consume considerable network resources and
time. Notification Server hierarchy features remove the need to download patch
management metadata files individually. You can download the files once to a
single parent Notification Server computer. Then you can use Patch Management
Solution replication rules to send the relevant data to any number of child
Notification Server computers. The replicated data on the child Notification Server
computers is identical to the data on the parent.
Patch Management Solution supports only two-level hierarchy. A child Notification
Server computer cannot be a parent to another child.
Replication is possible as soon as you install the software update plug-in on the
child Notification Server computer's Linux client computers. The software update
plug-in collects operating system inventory data that is then sent to the parent
Notification Server computer by the Patch Linux OS Channel Resource
Replication Rule. If the clients that match the selected software channels exist
on the child Notification Server computer, patch management metadata files can
62
Replicating Patch Management Solution for Linux data in hierarchy
About replicating Patch Management Solution for Linux data in hierarchy
be replicated to that server. By default, the operating system inventory data is
replicated once a day at 20:00.
To enable Red Hat and Novell patch management metadata files replication, you
must turn on the Patch Management Import Data Replication for Novell and
Patch Management Import Data Replication for Red Hat rules on the parent
Notification Server computer. When the rules are turned on, replication is
performed once a day at 23:00.
See “About Patch Management Solution for Linux” on page 11.
A
Appendix
Technical reference
This appendix includes the following topics:
■
About hierarchy and data replication direction
■
About Patch Management Solution security roles
About hierarchy and data replication direction
Patch Management Solution for Windows and Patch Management Solution for
Linux support the hierarchy and the replication features of the Symantec
Management Platform. These features let you create settings, schedules, and
other data at the top-level Notification Server computer and replicate them to
child-level Notification Server computers.
Patch Management Solution for Mac does not support replication.
See “About replicating Patch Management Solution for Linux data in hierarchy”
on page 61.
Table A-1
Items that are replicated by the default Notification Server
replication schedule with no custom replication rules
Item
Replication direction
All the server tasks settings and schedules:
Down
■
Check Software Update Package Integrity
■
Import Patch Data for Windows/Red Hat/Novell
Run System Assessment Scan on Windows/Linux Computers
task settings and schedules
Down
Windows/Linux System Assessment Scan policy settings
Down
Windows/Red Hat/Novell Patch Remediation Settings policy
Down
64
Technical reference
About hierarchy and data replication direction
Table A-1
Items that are replicated by the default Notification Server
replication schedule with no custom replication rules (continued)
Item
Replication direction
Default Software Update Plug-in Policy settings
Down
Software update plug-in install, upgrade, and uninstall policy
settings
Down
Software update policies
Down
Table A-2
Items that are replicated with custom replication rules
Item
Replication
direction
Description
Language support
information
Up
This information is replicated when the
PatchManagementLanguageAlerting rule
is enabled.
Up
This information is replicated when the
Patch Linux OS Channel Resource
Replication Rule is enabled.
(Patch for Windows only)
OS inventory data
(Patch for Linux only)
Patch management metadata Down
This information is replicated when the
Patch Management Import Data
Replication for Windows/Red Hat/Novell
rules are enabled.
For Windows, only the updates and
bulletins that are associated with the child
computer's supported languages are
replicated.
For Linux, only the metadata for the
channels that are relevant to the child
Notification Server's client computers is
replicated.
Compliance summary
Up
This information is replicated when the
Patch Compliance Summary Replication
rule is enabled.
The system assessment scan result is
replicated up as a summary.
Technical reference
About Patch Management Solution security roles
About Patch Management Solution security roles
You can assign the following security roles to Symantec Management Console
users:
■
Patch Management Administrators
■
Patch Management Rollout
Users with the Patch Management Administrators role have full access to Patch
Management Solution functionality, but no access to the rest of the Symantec
Management Console.
Users with the Patch Management Rollout role have limited access to the
following Patch Management Solution functionality:
■
Software update policies
■
Reports
■
Patch Remediation Center page
Users with the Patch Management Rollout role can perform the following actions:
■
Enable, disable, and change settings in the software update policies.
■
View reports.
65
66
Technical reference
About Patch Management Solution security roles
Appendix
B
Altiris™ Patch Management
Solution for Linux 7.1 SP2
from Symantec™
Third-Party Legal Notices
This appendix includes the following topics:
■
Third-Party Legal Attributions
■
XML-RPC.NET
Third-Party Legal Attributions
This Symantec product may contain third party software for which Symantec is
required to provide attribution (“Third Party Programs”). Some of the Third Party
Programs are available under open source or free software licenses. The License
Agreement accompanying the Software does not alter any rights or obligations
you may have under those open source or free software licenses. This appendix
contains proprietary notices for the Third Party Programs and the licenses for
the Third Party Programs, where applicable.
XML-RPC.NET
Copyright (c) 2006 Charles Cook
MIT License
68
Altiris™ Patch Management Solution for Linux 7.1 SP2 from Symantec™ Third-Party Legal Notices
XML-RPC.NET
This code is licensed under the license terms below, granted by the copyright
holder listed above. The term copyright holder” in the license below means the
copyright holder listed above.
Copyright (c) <year> <copyright holders>
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of
this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the
Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy,
modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software,
and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the
following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES
OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND
NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT
HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY,
WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR
OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
Index
A
E
analyzing vulnerabilities. See assessing systems
assessing systems 30
assigning severity levels 28
errata. See software updates
errata and patches
staging 44
C
H
Check Software Update Package Integrity task
about 39
checking package integrity 39
compliance analysis. See system assesment scan
compliance dashboard 57
configuring
Novell settings 29
Patch Management Solution core settings 27
Red Hat settings 29
remediation settings 29
severity levels 28
updates installation settings 29
context-sensitive help 12
Core Services page
about 30
Core Services settings
configuring 27
help
D
Default Software Update Plug-in Settings
about 34
Distribute Software Updates wizard 46
about 50
distributing software updates 46
about 44
viewing update summary reports 47
documentation 12
download location 27
downloading
patch management metadata 38
software updates catalog 38
downloading and distributing software updates 46
downloading software updates 44
about 44
context-sensitive 12
hierarchy
replicating data 61
home page 57
I
implementing
Patch Management Solution for Linux 15
Import Patch Data for Novell task
about 38, 40
Import Patch Data for Red Hat task
about 38, 40
installing
Patch Management Solution 20
software update plug-in 23
system requirements 19
inventory
collecting. See system assesment scan
L
licensing
about 21
Linux System Assessment Scan page
about 30
M
maintenance windows
about 47
N
Novell Patch Remediation Settings page
about 31
70
Index
Novell Software Update Compliance Portal page 57
Novell Updates Import Task. See Import Patch Data
for Novell task
P
page
Default Software Update Plug-in Settings 34
Distribute Software Updates wizard 50
Import Patch Data for Novell 40
Import Patch Data for Red Hat 40
Novell Patch Remediation Settings 31
Patch Remediation Center 48
Red Hat Patch Remediation Settings 31
pages
Novell Software Update Compliance Portal 57
Red Hat Software Update Compliance Portal 57
patch management import data. See patch
management metadata
patch management metadata
downloading 38
Patch Management Solution
components 19
installing 20
licensing 21
system requirements 19
uninstalling 21
upgrading 21
Patch Management Solution for Linux
about 11
implementing 15
supported platforms 20
Patch Management Solution server tasks
about 37
Patch Remediation Center page
about 48
patches. See software updates
portal page 57
prerequisites. See system requirements
R
Red Hat errata. See software updates
Red Hat Errata Import Task. See Import Patch Data
for Red Hat task
Red Hat Patch Remediation Settings page
about 31
Red Hat Software Update Compliance Portal page 57
Red Hat Updates Import Task. See Import Patch Data
for Red Hat task
Release Notes 12
relocating packages 39
remediation settings
configuring 29
replicating data in hierarchy 61
replication direction 63
reports 55
compliance 56
diagnostic 57
Patch Management Solution for Linux home
page 57
remediation status 57
software bulletin 57
viewing 58
restarts
configuring 29
S
security roles 65
severity levels
assigning 28
configuring 28
software bulletins
configuring installation settings 29
software update plug-in
about 23
installing 23
uninstalling 25
upgrading 24
Software Update Policy Wizard. See Distribute
Software Updates wizard
software updates
about 43
computer restart time 29
distributing 46
downloading 44
downloading and distributing 46
installation settings 29
installation time 29
viewing update summary reports 47
software updates catalog
downloading 38
staging. See downloading
staging software updates. See downloading. See
downloading software updates
SUSE patches. See software updates
system assesment scan
configuring 30
system requirements 19
Index
U
uninstalling
Patch Management Solution 21
software update plug-in 25
upgrading
Patch Management Solution 21
software update plug-in 24
V
vulnerability analysis. See system assesment scan
71
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