AS-interface Network Trouble Shooting Guide
FACTORY AUTOMATION
AS-INTERFACE
MAINTENANCE AND
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
Table of Contents
AS-Interface Basics................................................................. 3
Addressing Modules................................................................ 4
Handheld Programmer
(Reading Inputs and Settings Outputs).................................. 5
Gateway Quick Start................................................................ 6
Gateway Advanced Features.................................................. 7
Exchanging SafetyNodes......................................................... 8
Exchanging SafetyMonitors.................................................... 9
LED Functionality (Modules)................................................. 10
LED Functionality (SafetyMonitors)...................................... 11
Repeaters................................................................................ 12
Terminator and Tuner............................................................. 13
Power Supplies....................................................................... 14
Analyzer................................................................................... 15
2
Subject to modifications without notice
Copyright Pepperl+Fuchs
www.pepperl-fuchs.com
As-Interface Basics
¢ Use only certified modules, gateways/scanners, and power supplies.
¢ Total segment cable length is 100 m. (See page 12.) This includes the
total of all trunk and drop lines.
¢ One AS-Interface power supply is required per segment. For
example, a network with 2 repeaters requires 3 power supplies.
¢ Exactly one gateway/scanner is required per network.
¢ 31 addresses maximum; extended addressing, 1-31a and 1-31b, is
permitted on 2.1 and 3.0 spec. networks for a total of 62 nodes.
¢ Address 0 (the factory default address) is used for automatic
addressing and is not permitted on a running system.
¢ Modules with extended addressing and 4-in/4-out are permitted only
on networks where an M4 (3.0) master is used.
¢ Update time per module is 150 µs. The formula for scan time is
150 μs x (number of addresses + 2)
- Single addresses require 1 scan
- Dual addresses (a and b) require 2 scans
-D
ual addresses (a and b) 3.0 4-in/4-out require 2 scans for inputs
and 4 scans for outputs
- Analog modules (2.1) require 7 scans per point
- Analog modules (3.0) require 3 or 4 scans per point
¢ Network cable can be run in any topology.
¢ No shield or termination is required.
¢ Specification-compliant flat or round cable must be used.
¢ Do not ground either AS-i + or – under any circumstances anywhere
on the network (ground fault). The network has a differential
communication signal.
Subject to modifications without notice
Copyright Pepperl+Fuchs
www.pepperl-fuchs.com
3
Addressing Modules
¢ If only one module has failed:
• remove failed module
• connect new module
As long as the new module is identical (i.e., has the same I/O and
ID codes and has address 0 before connection), no additional steps
are necessary.
¢ If more than one module has failed:
• remove all failed modules
• use handheld programmer VBP-HH1 to manually assign
addresses to all but one replacement module
• the last replacement module will receive its address automatically
Note: The VAZ-PK-1.5M-V1-G addressing cable is required to work
with any module using an addressing jack.
Setting an Address Using Handheld Programmer
1. Connect the module to the handheld using
either the addressing cable, M12 receptacle, or
direct connection.
2. Press the “ADR” button to display the current
address of the module
3. Use arrow “⇧↑ ↓” buttons to choose new
address
4. Press “PRG” button to set selected address
5. Press “ADR” button to confirm address
The diagnostic LEDs on the gateway/scanner
indicate a fault when one or more modules are
missing or are not properly connected to network.
4
Subject to modifications without notice
Copyright Pepperl+Fuchs
www.pepperl-fuchs.com
E
MOD
PRG
ADR
Handheld Programmer
The handheld programmer is a diagnostic tool that is used to read the
inputs or set the outputs on a module. This is often done to isolate and
troubleshoot a specific I/O point.
Procedure to Read Inputs and Set Outputs
¢ Make sure the handheld is in ADDR mode. This
allows the address to be read. Press the “MODE”
button until the ADDR mode is selected.
¢ Press “ADR” button and verify address is not zero.
(If zero, see previous page to set valid address.)
¢ Change mode to DATA by pressing the “MODE”
button 4x or 7x depending on module type. (Menu
will repeat if you go to far.)
MOD
¢ Use arrow “⇧↑ ↓” buttons to select output value
E
PRG
¢ Press and hold “PRG” button to turn outputs on
ADR
¢ Press and hold “ADR” button to read inputs
Note: T
he chart below shows which inputs or outputs
are activated when the hexadecimal digit is displayed.
Display
Inputs
Outputs
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
none
I1
I2
I1, I2
I3
I1, I3
I2, I3
I1, I2, I3
none
O1
O2
O1, O2
O3
O1, O3
O2, O3
O1, O2, O3
Display
Inputs
Outputs
8
9
A
b
c
d
E
I4
I4, I1
I4, I2
I4, I2, I1
I4, I3
O4
O4, O1
I4, I3, I1 I4, I3, I2
F
I4, I3, I2, I1
O4, O2 O4, O2, O1 O4, O3 O4, O3, O1 O4, O3, O2 O4, O3, O2, O1
Subject to modifications without notice
Copyright Pepperl+Fuchs
www.pepperl-fuchs.com
5
Gateway Quick Start
When modules are added or removed from the network, the gateway
detects this and indicates a “Config Error.” For gateways with a graphical
display, use the following procedure to make the detected configuration
(i.e., all modules found on the network) the active configuration.
Config Error LED ON
Press OK
.5
WARNING:
OUTPUTS MAY BE
RESET
Press OK
Press OK
Press ↓
Press ↓
DEVICENET
QUICK SETUP
SETUP
IO + PARAM. TEST
Press OK
STORE AS-I
CONFIGURATION
OK
STORE + PRJ MODE
STORE AS-I
CONFIGURATION
STORE + RUN
STORE + PRJ MODE
Press ESC twice
Config Error LED OFF
.
CONFIGURATION OK
Gateway LED Fuctionality
LED
Power
Config Error
U AS-i
6
Indication
Meaning
On (Green)
Power on
On (Red)
One slave missing or extra slave on the network
Flashing (Red)
Peripheral fault on network
On (Green)
AS-i network is sufficiently powered
AS-i Active
On (Green)
AS-i network operating normally in either configuration or
protected mode
PRG Enable
On (Green)
Exactly one slave is missing in protected operating mode
and automatic addressing is allowed
PRJ Mode
On (Yellow)
AS-i master is in configuration mode
Subject to modifications without notice
Copyright Pepperl+Fuchs
www.pepperl-fuchs.com
Gateway Advanced Features
Some gateways have advanced diagnostic
features that can assist in finding network
problems. The built-in fault detector will display
new and old network errors. All advanced
diagnostics are found on the display by going to
ADV. DIAGNOSIS > AS-I CIRCUIT x > ...
U
PO
W
E
MN R
S
CO
NF
IG
AS ER
-i R
AS
-i A
PR CTIV
G
E
EN
PR A
J M BLE
OD
E
RS 232
Error Counters
¢ If a node requires at least 2 consecutive retries,
counts will appear on the display next to that
node address. A clean network will have few
or no retries. Single retries are automatically
handled at the AS-Interface chip level and
cannot be detected using the gateway. (Counts
always go up by 2.)
¢ If any node has 6 consecutive retries, it appears
in the LCS with an X by the node address. (This
node caused a configuration error.)
Fault Detector
The following errors occurred in the past (HISTORIC)
or are currently happening (ACTUAL). Duplicate
addresses are also displayed on this screen.
EFLT: An earth or ground fault has occurred.
Check to make sure that AS-i + or - is not
touching machine ground anywhere.
OVRV: A power spike occurred on AS-i such that
the AS-i voltage was too high.
ESC
+ASI-
Mode
Set
OK
ASI
+ASI- +PWR- NC NC
ERROR COUNTERS
RESET
1A - 0
2A - 0
RESET
APF -
2A - 4A - x
I
I
I
1A - x
3A 5A -
FAULT DETECTOR
RESET
HISTORIC:
EFLT OVRV NOIS
ACTUAL:
EFLT OVRV NOIS
DUP ASI ADR:
0
I 31B
HELP:
EFLT EARTH FAULT
NOIS NOISE
DUP ASI ADR
DUPLICATE ASI
SLAVE ADDRESS
NOIS: Noise was detected. Route AS-i cable away
from potential noise sources.
Subject to modifications without notice
Copyright Pepperl+Fuchs
www.pepperl-fuchs.com
7
Exchanging SafetyNodes
Compared to standard modules, exchanging a SafetyNode requires a few
additional steps. See procedure for single and multiple node replacement.
Exchanging a Single Failed SafetyNode
1. Remove SafetyNode.
2. Lightly press the “Service” button on all affected SafetyMonitors.
LEDs 1, 2, and 3 will cycle slowly on the SafetyMonitor.
3. Connect replacement SafetyNode, make sure it receives an AS-i
address and its inputs are closed so that full safety-code sequences
are received by the SafetyMonitor.
4. Press the “Service” button on all affected SafetyMonitors. If successful,
LEDs 1, 2, 3 will turn off and the SafetyMonitor will start normally.
Exchanging Multiple Failed SafetyNodes
1. Remove all defective SafetyNodes.
2. Use handheld programmer VPB-HH1 to manually assign all addresses.
(See page 4.) Confirm there is no configuration error on gateway/
scanner. (Make sure all e-stops are pressed, all gates are open, and all
light curtains are broken such that S1 and S2 safety input LEDs are off
on all recently replaced SafetyNodes.)
3. The safety sequence must now be taught by following the procedure
in “Exchanging a Single Failed SafetyNode.” Repeat this procedure for
every recently replaced SafetyNode on the network.
ATTENTION! After replacing the defective SafetyNodes, make
certain to check the new modules for correct functionality.
8
Subject to modifications without notice
Copyright Pepperl+Fuchs
www.pepperl-fuchs.com
Exchanging SafetyMonitors
1. Disconnect the failed SafetyMonitor from the 24 VDC power supply.
Both L+ and M must be removed!
2. Use the special download cable, VAZ-SIMON-RJ45. Connect the
new and old SafetyMonitors together.
Service
Service
Removable
terminal
release tabs
The replacement SafetyMonitor must be new with no configuration
or have a configuration that is not validated.
3. Power up replacement SafetyMonitor by connecting both L+ and M.
4. Press the “Service” button on replacement SafetyMonitor.
On the replacement SafetyMonitor, active transmission is indicated
when the yellow READY LED is illuminated. Transfer is complete
when the GREEN and YELLOW LEDs are both lit.
5. Disconnect defective SafetyMonitor and move all cables to
replacement SafetyMonitor. (Version 2.14 has keyed removable
terminals. Press the release tab in at the top of the monitor and pull
terminals straight up to remove.)
Subject to modifications without notice
Copyright Pepperl+Fuchs
www.pepperl-fuchs.com
9
Led Functionality (Modules)
IN1
IN2
O1 O2
IN3
I3
IN4
I4
PWR
FAULT
AUX
LED
PWR
AS-i
FAULT
PWR/FLT
AUX
I
In
O
Out
10
Indication
Meaning
Off
No power
On (Green)
Normal
Flashing (Green)
Address 0 (FAULT LED on) or peripheral fault (FAULT
LED flashing)
Off
Normal
On (Red)
No AS-i communication; check address
Flashing (Red)
Peripheral fault; check I/O
Off
No power
On (Green)
Normal
On (Red)
No AS-i communication; check address
Alternating (Red/Yellow)
Address 0
Alternating (Red/Green)
Peripheral fault; check I/O
OFF
No AUX power; check black AS-Interface cable
ON
Normal
OFF
Input OFF; no AUX power or wire broken
ON
Input ON
OFF
Output OFF; no AUX power or output not set by PLC
ON
Output ON
ON
Output shorted/overloaded (if supported by module)
Subject to modifications without notice
Copyright Pepperl+Fuchs
www.pepperl-fuchs.com
LED Functionality (SafetyMonitors)
not used
LED AS-i 1
Service
LED AS-i 2
Output circuit 1
LED
AS-i
Indication
1
2
3
1 READY
2 ON
3 OFF/FAULT
1
2
3
Output circuit 2
(on dual channel units only)
Meaning
Off
No 30 V AS-i connection to AS-i+ and AS-i- terminals
On (Green)
Normal
Off
Normal operation
On (Red)
No AS-i communication or monitor address not stored in
gateway/scanner
On (Yellow)
Waiting for start condition or door unlock condition
Flashing (Yellow)
Safety module test, local acknowledge required, or
diagnostic stop enabled
On (Green)
Contacts of the output switching elements closed
Flashing (Green)
Delay time runs in event of Stop Category 1
On (Red)
Contacts of the output switching elements open
Flashing (Red)
Error on level of the monitored AS-i components
1 READY
2 ON
3 OFF/FAULT
Simultaneously
flashing rapidly
Internal device error; power cycle is required
1 READY
2 ON
3 OFF/FAULT
Cycling slowly
Learning safety code sequences
1 READY
2 ON
3 OFF/FAULT
Off
No 24 V supply connected to L+ and M terminals
AS-i 1
AS-i 2
1 READY
2 ON
3 OFF/FAULT
Subject to modifications without notice
Copyright Pepperl+Fuchs
www.pepperl-fuchs.com
11
Repeaters
The communication path between an AS-i module and gateway/
scanner must not go through more then 2 repeaters. This example
shows a network with 5 segments, 4 repeaters and a total length of
500 m. Note the position of the gateway in the middle segment.
AS-Interface
Power Supply
AS-Interface
Power Supply
AS-Interface
Power Supply
AS-Interface
Scanner/Gateway
I/O
Module
100 m total cable length
I/O
Module
100 m total cable length
30 m
I/O
Module
100 m total cable length
30 m
30 m
30 m
20 m
AS-Interface
Power Supply
20 m
30 m
20 m
20 m
Repeater
20 m
30 m
20 m
20 m
Repeater
5m
Repeater
20 m
20 m
30 m
30 m
Repeater
20 m
30 m
I/O
Module
25 m
I/O
Module
AS-Interface
Power Supply
I/O
Module
100 m total cable length
I/O
Module
100 m total cable length
PWR
FAULT
Off
Meaning
12
2
AS-Interface
segment 2
No power supply connected
On (Green) Normal
Off
Normal
On (Red)
No communication
A network that is properly setup will have:
¢
¢
¢
¢
FL
T2
PW
R
Indication
PW
LED
R
FL 1
T1
A repeater adds a second galvanically isolated segment to the AS-i
network. Because only communication passes through the repeater
a second power supply is required. Never put more than one power
supply on a segment!
AS-Interface
segment 1
One gateway/scanner
One power supply per segment
No segment with more than 100 m total cable length
No module separated from the gateway/scanner by more than 2
repeaters
Subject to modifications without notice
Copyright Pepperl+Fuchs
www.pepperl-fuchs.com
Terminator and Tuner
The fixed terminator, VAZ-TERM, extends the network to 200 m, and the
tuner, VAZ-TUNER, extends the AS-i network to 300 m. These devices,
however, will not correct problems caused by noise or bad AS-i cable.
Requirements for installation
¢ The best network to extend is linear. A network that has many
drops/branches may not be extendable.
¢ The power supply must be located at one end of the network
segment and the terminator/tuner at the other end.
¢ If a repeater is to be used an “Advanced” repeater is required. The
advanced repeaters VAR-G4F or VAR-KE3-TERM (with termination
switch built in) have a faster response time, which is required to
couple long segments together.
¢ Always use analyzer VAZ-ANALYZER to verify network integrity.
Tuning procedure
Gateway/scanner:
1. Put in configuration mode by
holding “mode” button for
5 seconds.
Tuner:
1. Rotate “mode” switch to 2
(tuning)
2. Press “set” button until
LEDs strobe red, yellow,
green, red...
Tuner LED Indication
LED
Indication
Error
On (Red)
Meaning
Warning
On (Yellow) 1% to 5% retries
Green
On (Green) Less than 1% retries
Greater than 5% retries
Terminator LED Indication
Indication
Off
Meaning
No power or voltage below 18.5 V
On (Yellow) Voltage above 18.5 V
On (Green) Voltage above 26 V
4. When strobing stops (this
may take several minutes), rotate “mode” switch to 3 (run)
Subject to modifications without notice
Copyright Pepperl+Fuchs
www.pepperl-fuchs.com
13
Power Supplies
¢ Exactly one AS-Interface power supply is required for each segment.
¢ Only one ground/earth fault detection circuit should be used in each
segment. This circuit could be on the power supply, gateway, or
SafetyMonitor.
¢ Some gateways have duplicate address detection. To operate, the
power supply must be connected directly to the dedicated terminal
(labeled +PWR-) on the gateway.
Power supplies with
ground fault detection
Floating EFD output
PE
N
L
Attach standard AC
input voltage here
13 14 + + GND - -
115/230 V switch
(Only on K24 supply)
VAN-115/230AC-K21-EFD
LED Power (Green)
DC OK
EFD
Reset
LED Overload (Red)
EFD int.
EFD ext.
DeviceNet connector
AS-i 1 V+ (Red)
2 CAN H AS-i
(White)
+
3 Shield
4 CAN L (Blue)
Ground
5 V- (Black)
PO
W
E
MN R
S
CO
NF
U IG E
AS R
-i R
AS
-i A
PR CTIV
G
E
E
PR NA
J M BLE
OD
E
RS 232
DeviceNet connector
1
2
3
4
5
Connect AS-i segment here
(Connect Ground terminal to machine
ground and the shield of AS-i cable if used)
V+ (Red)
CAN H (White)
Shield
CAN L (Blue)
V- (Black)
L
+
–
Connect to AS-i segment here
(Connect Ground terminal to
machine ground and the shield
of AS-i cable if used)
Power OK (Green)
Ground fault indication LED (Red)
Reset button:
press < 1 s simulates ground fault,
> 2 s to reset ground fault
RS press
232
PO
W
E
MN R
S
CO
NF
U IG E
AS R
-i R
AS
-i A
PR CTIV
G
E
E
PR NA
J M BLE
OD
E
Standard power
supply wiring
Internal/external ground fault switch:
EFD int. – shuts off on ground fault,
use pushbutton to reset
EFT ext. – automatically recovers
from ground fault (default)
N
Display
Display
Attach standard AC input voltage here
Power supply connection for gateways
ESC
Ground
+ASI-
AS-i Network
14
Mode
Set
OK
ESC
ASI
+ASI- +PWR- NC NC
Ground
AS-i Power Supply
Subject to modifications without notice
Copyright Pepperl+Fuchs
www.pepperl-fuchs.com
Mode
Set
OK
ASI1
ASI2
+ASI- +PWR- +ASI2- +PWR-
AS-i Network 1
AS-i Network 1
Power Supply
AS-i Network 2
Power Supply
AS-i Network 2
Analyzer
The network analyzer, VAZ-ANALYSER, provides information about
network stability and allows detailed analysis of protocol-specific
communication detail.
There are two modes of operation. The first is online statistics where
the overall health of the network is read. The second is trace mode
where individual AS-i telegrams are recorded, filtered, and viewed for
later analysis. This mode is often used to track down specific input,
output or timing problems.
Online Statistics
Advance statistics (check for)
- Little or no missing telegrams
-No slave telegrams without
master call
Consecutive errors
-Make sure consecutive
errors are kept to
a minimum. (6x =
configuration error)
Network overview
-Check to make sure all
connected nodes are
green
I/O data
-Verify that the input and output data is correct
-Find out if a certain input is flickering or turning on for a short time by
running a trace on that input
Subject to modifications without notice
Copyright Pepperl+Fuchs
www.pepperl-fuchs.com
15
Contact
Pepperl+Fuchs Inc.
1600 Enterprise Parkway
Twinsburg, Ohio 44087 · USA
Tel. +1 330 486-0001 · Fax +1 330 405-4710
E-mail: [email protected]
Worldwide Headquarters
Pepperl+Fuchs GmbH · Mannheim · Germany
E-mail: [email protected]
USA Headquarters
Pepperl+Fuchs Inc. · Twinsburg · USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Asia Pacific Headquarters
Pepperl+Fuchs Pte Ltd · Singapore
Company Registration no. 199003130E
E-mail: [email protected]
www.pepperl-fuchs.com
Subject to modifications • © 2008 PEPPERL+FUCHS, INC. • Printed in USA • Part No. 912040 09/08 00
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement