22-12 - Cirrus Aircraft

22-12 - Cirrus Aircraft
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
GFC 700 AUTOMATED FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM (AFCS)
1. DESCRIPTION
This section covers those systems and components which use inputs to the system to automatically control the flight path of the aircraft through adjustment to the pitch and roll (or optionally, pitch, roll, and yaw)
axes or wing lift characteristics and provide visual cues for flight path guidance. This includes the Garmin
GFC 700 Autopilot system.
The Garmin GFC 700 digital Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS) Autopilot system is a fully digital,
dual channel, fail-passive digital flight control system composed of multiple Line-Replaceable Units (LRUs)
and servos. The GFC 700 is fully integrated within the Cirrus Perspective Integrated Avionics System
architecture and is used to stabilize the aircraft pitch, roll, and yaw (optional) axes. Pitch autotrim provides
trim commands to the pitch trim servo to relieve any long-term effort required by the pitch servo. The system consists of the following components:
•
GMC 705 Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS) Mode Controller
•
GCU 478 Flight Management System (FMS) Keyboard
•
Pitch Servo
•
Roll Servo
•
Yaw Servo (Optional)
•
Dual GIA 63W Integrated Avionics Computers
•
GTA 82 Pitch Trim Adapter
•
Autopilot Disconnect Switch
•
4-Way Trim Switch
•
Take-Off/Go-Around (GA) Switch
The GIA 63W Integrated Avionics computer contains Autopilot/Flight Director algorithms and the MFD/PFD
provides autopilot annunciation. The GRS 77 AHRS provides valid attitude, angular rate and acceleration
information. The GDC 74A ADC provides air data for flight instrumentation. The GSA 80 and GSA 81 servos are used in the pitch, roll, and yaw (optional) axes. The servos position the aircraft controls in response
to commands generated by the internal GIA 63W autopilot calculations. The GTA 82 pitch trim adapter
drives the pitch trim cartridge. The operating controls for the autopilot are located on the mode controller/
keyboard. The autopilot disconnect and 4-way trim switches provide input to disconnect/override autopilot
guidance. (See Figure 22-121)
The GFC 700 AFCS with optional Yaw Damper can be divided into three primary operating functions:
Flight Director - The Flight Director provides pitch and roll commands to the AFCS system and displays
them on the PFD. With the Flight Director activated, the pilot can hand-fly the aircraft to follow the path
shown by the command bars. Flight Director operation takes place within GIA 63W Integrated Avionics
Units and provides:
•
Mode annunciation
•
Vertical reference control
•
Pitch and roll command calculation
•
Pitch and roll command display
Autopilot - The Autopilot controls the aircraft pitch, roll, and if installed, yaw attitudes, while following commands received from the Flight Director. Autopilot operation occurs within the trim servos and provides:
•
Autopilot engagement and annunciation
•
Autopilot command and control
EFFECTIVITY:
All
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AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
•
Auto-trim operation
•
Manual electric trim
•
Two axis airplane control (pitch and roll), including approaches
•
Level (LVL) mode engagement command of zero roll and zero vertical speed
Optional Yaw Damper - The yaw damper reduces dutch roll tendencies and coordinates turns. It can operate independently of the autopilot and may be used during normal hand-flight maneuvers. A GSA 80 servo
provides the control surface interface and the mode selection occurs via the GMC 705 controller. Yaw
Damper operation is provided by the yaw servo and supplies:
•
Yaw Damper engagement and annunciation
•
Yaw axis airplane control
For maintenance practices pertinent to the MFD/PFD, see Central Display Systems. (Refer to 31-60)
For maintenance practices pertinent to the AHRS, see Attitude and Direction. (Refer to 34-20)
For maintenance practices pertinent to the ADC, see Flight Environmental Systems. (Refer to 34-10)
For maintenance practices pertinent to the FMS keyboard, see Flight Management Computing. (Refer to
34-60)
For maintenance practices pertinent to the GIA 63W Integrated Avionics Computer, see Central Computers. (Refer to 31-40)
For additional information on the autopilot system integration, see the Cirrus Perspective Integrated Avionics System Pilot’s Guide. (Refer to 05-10)
The GFC 700 AFCS is integral to the Perspective Integrated Avionics system. For an overview of the Perspective Avionics system, refer to Chapter 42, Integrated Modular Avionics. (Refer to 42-20)
A. GMC 705 Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS) Mode Controller - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
The GFC 705 AFCS Mode Controller, located in the upper section of the center console, provides primary control of autopilot modes and, if installed, yaw damper engagement. A pitch wheel is included
for adjustment of pitch mode reference. Through the mode controller, the GIA 63W Integrated Avionics
computer serves the function of converting operator commands to logic signals for the roll and pitch
computer functions.
28 VDC for mode controller operation is supplied through the 5-amp KEYPADS / AP CTRL circuit
breaker on Main Bus 1.
B. GTA 82 Pitch Trim Adapter - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
The Pitch Trim Adapter, located below the passenger seat, takes input from the trim switches, Integrated Avionics Units, and the pitch servo to allow the GFC 700 to drive the pitch servo. The trim
adapter interfaces with the dual GIA 63W Integrated Avionics computers through serial communication
on separate RS-485 ports. Trim commands from the yoke switches are routed through the GTA 82
when autopilot is disconnected.
28 VDC for pitch trim adapter operation is supplied through the 2-amp PITCH TRIM circuit breaker on
Main Bus 1.
C. Pitch Servo - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
The pitch servo, located below the baggage compartment at access panel CF5, provides automatic
control of the pitch axis. The pitch computer receives signal inputs to compute pitch commands for stabilization, turns, radio intercepts, heading and tracking.
The pitch servo is an electromechanical unit that provides automatic control of the pitch flight axis. The
pitch servo receives data from dual GIA 63W Integrated Avionics computers containing Autopilot/Flight
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EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
Director algorithms. The GRS 77 AHRS and the GDC 74A Air Data Computer are fed inputs used to
drive autopilot. The pitch servo consists of a GSA 81 Servo Actuator and GSM 85A/86 Servo Mount.
The servo actuator contains a motor-control circuit board, monitor circuit board, solenoid, and motor.
The motor-control board processes data and drives the motor as required for axis control. The monitor
board monitors servo speed, monitors output torque, and controls engagement of the drive-clutch
solenoid.
The servo mount contains a capstan and slip-clutch. The capstan transfers the output torque of the
servo actuator to the mechanical flight control surface linkage for pitch axis. The slip-clutch allows the
pilot to override operation of the servo actuator. Sufficient force applied to the capstan overcomes the
slip-clutch setting, allowing the capstan to rotate independently of the servo actuator.
28 VDC for pitch servo operation is supplied through the 5-amp AP SERVOS circuit breaker on Main
Bus 1.
D. Roll Servo - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
The roll servo, located below the passenger seat at access panel CF4C, provides automatic control of
the roll axis. The roll computer receives signal inputs to compute roll commands for stabilization, turns,
radio intercepts, heading and tracking.
The roll servo is an electromechanical unit that provides automatic control of the roll flight axis. The roll
servo receives data from dual GIA 63W Integrated Avionics computers containing Autopilot/Flight
Director algorithms. The GRS 77 AHRS and the GDC 74A Air Data Computer are fed inputs used to
drive autopilot. The roll servo consists of a GSA 81 Servo Actuator and GSM 85A/86 Servo Mount.
The servo actuator contains a motor-control circuit board, monitor circuit board, solenoid, and motor.
The motor-control board processes data and drives the motor as required for axis control. The monitor
board monitors servo speed, monitors output torque, and controls engagement of the drive-clutch
solenoid.
The servo mount contains a capstan and slip-clutch. The capstan transfers the output torque of the
servo actuator to the mechanical flight control surface linkage for roll axis. The slip-clutch allows the
pilot to override operation of the servo actuator. Sufficient force applied to the capstan overcomes the
slip-clutch setting, allowing the capstan to rotate independently of the servo actuator.
28 VDC for roll servo operation is supplied through the 5-amp AP SERVOS circuit breaker on Main
Bus 1.
E. Yaw Servo - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics and Three-Axis Configuration
The yaw servo, located in the empennage avionics bay at access panel RE3, provides automatic control of the yaw axis. The yaw computer receives signal inputs to compute yaw commands for stabilization, turns, radio intercepts, heading and tracking.
The yaw servo is an electromechanical unit that provides automatic control of the yaw flight axis. The
yaw servo receives data from dual GIA 63W Integrated Avionics computers containing Autopilot/Flight
Director algorithms. The GRS 77 AHRS and the GDC 74A Air Data Computer are fed inputs used to
drive autopilot. The yaw servo consists of a GSA 80 Servo Actuator and GSM 85A/86 Servo Mount.
The servo actuator contains a motor-control circuit board, monitor circuit board, solenoid, and motor.
The motor-control board processes data and drives the motor as required for axis control. The monitor
board monitors servo speed, monitors output torque, and controls engagement of the drive-clutch
solenoid.
The servo mount contains a capstan and slip-clutch. The capstan transfers the output torque of the
servo actuator to the mechanical flight control surface linkage for yaw axis. The slip-clutch allows the
pilot to override operation of the servo actuator. Sufficient force applied to the capstan overcomes the
slip-clutch setting, allowing the capstan to rotate independently of the servo actuator.
28 VDC for yaw servo operation is supplied through the 3-amp YAW SERVO circuit breaker on Main
Bus 3.
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
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22-12
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
PFD
MFD
GMC 705 AFCS
MODE CONTROLLER
GIA 63W
INTEGRATED
AVIONICS
COMPUTER
#1
GIA 63W
INTEGRATED
AVIONICS
COMPUTER
#2
GO-AROUND
SWITCH
A/P DISC
GTA 82
PITCH TRIM
ADAPTER
4-WAY
TRIM
PITCH TRIM
CARTRIDGE
GSA 81 /
GSM 85A/86
ROLL SERVO
GSA 81 /
GSM 85A/86
PITCH SERVO
GSA 80 /
GSM 85A/86
YAW SERVO
(optional)
NOTE
Yaw control is only available
on three-axis configuration.
SR22_MM22_2776B
Figure 22-121
GFC 700 Autopilot System Schematic - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
22-12
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EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
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AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
2. TROUBLESHOOTING
Trouble - GFC 700 Autopilot
System
Probable Cause
“AFCS” (white text on red backAFCS system failure has
ground) annunciation is displayed occurred.
on PFD.
Remedy
Ensure Perspective Avionics system is in proper working order.
Check for proper operation of GIA
Integrated Avionics Unit, GRS
AHRS, GDC Air Data Computer,
and all GSA servos.
Verify no red X’s are displayed on
MFD and PFD.
Verify no related alert messages
are displayed on PFD (press
[ALERTS]).
Check AUX – SYSTEM STATUS
page on MFD to verify all LRUs
are online (green check).
Isolate fault to an LRU. Replace
this LRU and confirm resolution of
annunciation.
“PFT” (black text on white backPre-flight test is in progress.
ground) annunciation is displayed
on PFD.
Allow system to complete preflight tests. The preflight test
should finish within 2 minutes. If it
does not pass, red ‘PFT’ annunciation is displayed on PFD.
“PFT” (white text on red backPre-flight test has failed.
ground) annunciation is displayed
on PFD.
Ensure Perspective Avionics system is in proper working order.
Check for proper operation of GIA
Integrated Avionics Unit, GRS
AHRS, GDC Air Data Computer,
and all GSA servos.
Verify no red X’s are displayed on
MFD and PFDs.
Verify no related alert messages
are displayed on PFD (press
[ALERTS]).
Check AUX – SYSTEM STATUS
page on MFD to verify all LRUs
are online (green check).
Isolate fault to an LRU. Replace
this LRU and confirm resolution of
annunciation.
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
22-12
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AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Trouble - GFC 700 Autopilot
System
No aural alert is heard after successful pre-flight test.
Probable Cause
Audio operation fault has
occurred.
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
Remedy
Repeat autopilot engagement, followed by disengagement to confirm audio operation fault.
Verify connections for GIA 1/GMA
1 and GIA 2/GMA 2 audio interface.
Autopilot clutches cannot be over- Servo clutch torque settings are
powered.
incorrect.
Check the servo clutch torque settings.
Perform Adjustment/Test - GSM
85A/86 Servo Clutch Test. (Refer
to 22-12)
Trim hesitates during trim switch
operation.
Trouble - GMC 705 AFCS Mode
Controller
Excessive friction on aircraft pitch Press trim switch on yoke in one
trim system.
direction until it reaches the stop.
Using stop watch, time trim speed
from one end of travel to opposite
stop. Verify elapsed time measures 20 ±3 seconds for each
direction.
Probable Cause
Remedy
“GMC CNFG – GMC Config
The Perspective Avionics system Perform Functional Test - GMC
error. Config service req’d.”
has detected a GMC 705 configu- 705 AFCS Mode Controller Softannunciation is displayed on PFD. ration mismatch.
ware and Configuration Loading.
(Refer to 22-12)
Perform Operational Test - GFC
700 Autopilot. (Refer to 22-12)
Replace GMC 705. (Refer to 2212)
“GMC FAIL – GMC is inoperative.” The Perspective Avionics system Check GMC 705 wiring and conannunciation is displayed on PFD. has detected a failure in the GMC nector.
705.
Perform Operational Test - GFC
700 Autopilot. (Refer to 22-12)
Replace GMC 705. (Refer to 2212)
The Perspective Avionics system Check software version on
“MANIFEST – GMC software
has detected an incorrectly loaded AUX – SYSTEM STATUS page
mismatch. Communication
halted.” annunciation is displayed software version.
on MFD.
on PFD.
Perform Functional Test - GMC
705 AFCS Mode Controller Software and Configuration Loading.
(Refer to 22-12)
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EFFECTIVITY:
All
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Trouble - GTA 82 Pitch Trim
Adapter
Probable Cause
“PIRM” (white text on red backPitch trim axis failure has
ground) annunciation is displayed occurred.
on PFD.
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
Remedy
Check AUX – SYSTEM STATUS
page on MFD to verify pitch servo
is online (green check).
Verify pitch servo is receiving
power.
Check pitch servo wiring and connector.
Replace pitch trim adapter. (Refer
to 22-12)
Replace pitch servo. (Refer to 2212)
Trouble - GSA 81 / GSM 85A/86
Pitch Servo
Probable Cause
“PITCH” (white text on red back- Pitch axis failure has occurred.
ground) annunciation is displayed
on PFD.
Remedy
Check AUX – SYSTEM STATUS
page on MFD to verify pitch servo
is online (green check).
Verify pitch servo is receiving
power.
Check pitch servo wiring and connector.
Perform Operational Test - GFC
700 Autopilot. (Refer to 22-12)
Replace pitch servo. (Refer to 2212)
“ELE” (black text on yellow back- The elevator is mis-trimming
ground) annunciation is displayed down.
on PFD.
Check AUX – SYSTEM STATUS
page on MFD to verify pitch servo
is online (green check).
Verify pitch servo is receiving
power.
Check pitch servo wiring and connector.
Perform Operational Test - GFC
700 Autopilot. (Refer to 22-12)
Check elevator pitch control rigging. (Refer to 22-12)
Replace pitch servo. (Refer to 2212)
EFFECTIVITY:
All
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CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Trouble - GSA 81 / GSM 85A/86
Pitch Servo
Probable Cause
“ELE” (black text on yellow back- The elevator is mis-trimming up.
ground) annunciation is displayed
on PFD.
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
Remedy
Check AUX – SYSTEM STATUS
page to verify pitch servo is online
(green check).
Verify pitch servo is receiving
power.
Check pitch servo wiring and connector.
Perform Operational Test - GFC
700 Autopilot. (Refer to 22-12)
Check elevator pitch control rigging. (Refer to 22-12)
Replace pitch servo. (Refer to 2212)
Trouble - GSA 81 / GSM 85A/86
Roll Servo
Probable Cause
“ROLL” (white text on red backRoll axis failure has occurred.
ground) annunciation is displayed
on PFD.
Remedy
Check AUX – SYSTEM STATUS
page on MFD to verify roll servo is
online (green check).
Verify roll servo is receiving
power.
Check roll servo wiring and connector.
Perform Operational Test - GFC
700 Autopilot. (Refer to 22-12)
Replace roll servo. (Refer to 2212)
“AIL” (black text on yellow back- The aileron is mis-trimming to
ground) annunciation is displayed right.
on PFD.
Check for possible fuel imbalance.
Perform Operational Test - GFC
700 Autopilot. (Refer to 22-12)
Check aileron roll control rigging.
(Refer to 22-12)
Replace roll servo. (Refer to 2212)
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EFFECTIVITY:
All
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Trouble - GSA 81 / GSM 85A/86
Roll Servo
Probable Cause
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
Remedy
“AIL” (black text on yellow back- The aileron is mis-trimming to left. Check for possible fuel imbalground) annunciation is displayed
ance.
on PFD.
Perform Operational Test - GFC
700 Autopilot. (Refer to 22-12)
Check aileron control rigging.
(Refer to 22-12)
Replace roll servo. (Refer to 2212)
Trouble - GSA 80 / GSM 85A/86
Yaw Servo - Serials w/ ThreeAxis Configuration
Probable Cause
“YAW” (white text on red backYaw axis failure has occurred.
ground) annunciation is displayed
on PFD.
Remedy
Check AUX – SYSTEM STATUS
page on MFD to verify yaw servo
is online (green check).
Verify yaw servo is receiving
power.
Check yaw servo wiring and connector.
Perform Operational Test - GFC
700 Autopilot. (Refer to 22-12)
Replace yaw servo. (Refer to 2212)
EFFECTIVITY:
All
22-12
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AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
3. MAINTENANCE PRACTICES
A. GMC 705 AFCS Mode Controller - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics (See Figure 22-122)
(1)
(2)
(3)
Removal - GMC 705 AFCS Mode Controller
(a) Set BAT 1, BAT 2, and AVIONICS master switches to OFF positions.
(b) Pull KEYPADS / AP CTRL circuit breaker.
(c)
Insert hex wrench into front panel bolt holes and engage locking screws.
(d) Turn locking screws ¼ turn counter-clockwise to loosen locking cams.
(e) Disconnect electrical connector from back of mode controller. Remove mode controller.
Installation - GMC 705 AFCS Mode Controller
(a) Connect electrical connector to back of mode controller. Tighten screws to secure.
(b) Position mode controller flush to instrument panel.
(c)
Insert hex wrench into front panel bolt holes and engage locking screws.
(d) Turn locking screws ¼ turn clockwise to tighten locking cams.
(e) Reset KEYPADS / AP CTRL circuit breaker.
(f)
If GMC 705 has been replaced with a new or different unit, or original unit has been
repaired, perform Adjustment/Test - GMC 705 AFCS Mode Controller Software and Configuration Loading. (Refer to 22-12)
(g) Perform Operational Test - GFC 700 Autopilot. (Refer to 22-12)
Adjustment/Test - GMC 705 AFCS Mode Controller Software and Configuration Loading
Note:
No software loading is required if the original GMC 705 is reinstalled. This does
not include units that were returned for repair as the software and configuration
files are deleted during the repair testing process.
If a new, repaired, or exchanged GMC 705 is installed, load software and gains
files from the Cirrus Perspective software loader card.
(a)
(b)
Connect 28 ±1 VDC external power to external power receptacle.
Pull STARTER and FUEL PUMP circuit breakers.
CAUTION:
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
(g)
(h)
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Failure to remove database cards may result in cards becoming corrupted.
Remove SD cards from top and bottom slots of MFD and PFD.
Insert Cirrus Perspective software loader card into top slot of PFD.
Power on PFD and MFD in Configuration mode.
1
While holding far right softkey on PFD and MFD, set BAT 1 and AVIONICS switches
to ON positions.
2
When “INITIALIZING SYSTEM” appears in upper left corner of displays, release
softkeys.
3
On PFD, press [NO] softkey at “DO YOU WANT TO UPDATE SYSTEM FILES?”
prompt.
4
On PFD, press [NO] softkey at “DO YOU WANT TO UPDATE SYSTEM SPLASH
SCREEN?”
After System Status page appears on PFD, use inner [FMS] knob to select System Upload
page.
Press inner [FMS] knob to activate cursor.
Rotate inner [FMS] knob to display list of AIRFRAME choices, highlight “Options” in popup window, then press [ENT] key.
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
CIRRUS
(i)
(j)
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
In FILE window, rotate inner [FMS] knob to display list of FILE choices. In pop-up window,
highlight GFC 700 (with or without YD) configuration file that matches aircraft configuration, and press [ENT] key.
Press [CLR ALL] softkey.
Note:
(k)
GMC 705 Configuration
Once files are selected, press [LOAD] softkey.
When upload is complete, press [ENT] key to select OK in UPLOAD COMPLETE window.
Set BAT 1 and AVIONICS switches to OFF positions.
CAUTION:
(o)
(p)
(q)
(r)
Pressing [ENT] key will check and uncheck highlighted software and configuration boxes.
Using [FMS] knob and [ENT] key, select the following files:
• GMC 705 software
•
(l)
(m)
(n)
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
Wait for “flash” of display screens or 5 seconds to ensure backup capacitors
have discharged before removing software loader card.
Remove Cirrus Perspective software loader card from PFD.
Insert SD cards into top and bottom slots of MFD and PFD.
Reset STARTER and FUEL PUMP circuit breakers.
Disconnect 28 ±1 VDC external power from external power receptacle.
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
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AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
B. GCU 478 Flight Management System (FMS) Keyboard - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
The GCU 478 FMS keyboard is an alphanumeric, softkey keyboard that provides the primary interface
for data entry for the MFD and is used to control NAV/COM radios, transponder, and FMS entry. Heading, course and altitude select are also provided. For maintenance practices pertinent to the GCU 478
FMS keyboard, see Flight Management Computing. (Refer to 34-60)
C. 4-Way Trim Switch - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
The 4-way trim switch is integral to the control yoke and is used to command manual electric pitch/roll
trim. For maintenance practices pertinent to the 4-way trim switch, see Aileron And Roll Trim System.
(Refer to 27-10)
D. Take-Off/Go-Around (TO/GA) Switch - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
The Take-Off/Go-Around (TO/GA) switch is integral to the throttle and is used to disengage the autopilot and select Take-Off/Go-Around mode on the Flight Director. For maintenance practices pertinent to
the TO/GA switch, see Speed-attitude Correction. (Refer to 22-20)
E. Autopilot Disconnect Switch - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
The autopilot disconnect switch is integral to the control yoke and is used to disengage the autopilot
and mute the aural alert associated with an autopilot disconnect. For maintenance practices pertinent
to the autopilot disconnect switch, see Aileron And Roll Trim System. (Refer to 27-10)
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EFFECTIVITY:
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CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
1
LEGEND
1. GMC 705 Mode Controller
SR22_MM22_2777A
Figure 22-122
GMC 705 AFCS Mode Controller Installation - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
22-12
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CIRRUS
F.
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
GTA 82 Pitch Trim Adapter - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics (See Figure 22-123)
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Removal - GTA 82 Pitch Trim Adapter
(a) Set BAT 1, BAT 2, and AVIONICS master switches to OFF positions.
(b) Pull PITCH TRIM circuit breaker.
(c)
Remove access panels CF4C and CF4R. (Refer to 06-00)
(d) Disconnect electrical connector from pitch trim adapter.
(e) Remove bolts, washers, spacers, and nuts securing pitch trim adapter assembly to RH aft
longeron. Remove trim adapter assembly from airplane.
Disassembly - GTA 82 Pitch Trim Adapter
(a) Remove screws and washers securing pitch trim adapter to mounting plate.
Assembly - GTA 82 Pitch Trim Adapter
(a) Position mounting plate to pitch trim adapter and secure with screws and washers.
Installation - GTA 82 Pitch Trim Adapter
(a) Position pitch trim adapter assembly to RH aft longeron and secure with bolts, washers,
spacers, and nuts.
(b) Connect electrical connector to pitch trim adapter.
(c)
Reset PITCH TRIM circuit breaker.
(d) If GTA 82 has been replaced with a new or different unit, or original unit has been repaired,
perform Functional Test - GTA 82 Pitch Trim Adapter Software and Configuration Loading.
(Refer to 22-12)
(e) Perform Operational Test - GFC 700 Autopilot. (Refer to 22-12)
(f)
Install access panel CF4C and CF4R. (Refer to 06-00)
Adjustment/Test - GTA 82 Pitch Trim Adapter Software and Configuration Loading
Note:
No software loading is required if the removed pitch trim adapter is reinstalled in
the same position. This does not include units that were returned for repair as the
software and configuration files are deleted during the repair testing process.
If a new, repaired, or exchanged GTA 82 pitch trim adapter is installed, load software and gains files from the Cirrus Perspective software loader card.
(a)
(b)
Connect 28 ±1 VDC external power to external power receptacle.
Pull STARTER and FUEL PUMP circuit breakers.
CAUTION:
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
(g)
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31 May 2011
Failure to remove database cards may result in cards becoming corrupted.
Remove SD cards from top and bottom slots of MFD and PFD.
Insert Cirrus Perspective software loader card into top slot of PFD.
Power on PFD and MFD in Configuration mode.
1
While holding far right softkey on PFD and MFD, set BAT 1 and AVIONICS switches
to ON positions.
2
When “INITIALIZING SYSTEM” appears in upper left corner of displays, release
softkeys.
3
On PFD, press [NO] softkey at “DO YOU WANT TO UPDATE SYSTEM FILES?”
prompt.
4
On PFD, press [NO] softkey at “DO YOU WANT TO UPDATE SYSTEM SPLASH
SCREEN?”
After System Status page appears on PFD, use inner [FMS] knob to select System Upload
page.
Press inner [FMS] knob to activate cursor.
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
CIRRUS
(h)
(i)
(j)
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Rotate inner [FMS] knob to display list of AIRFRAME choices, highlight “Options” in popup window, then press [ENT] key.
In FILE window, rotate inner [FMS] knob to display list of FILE choices. In pop-up window,
highlight GFC 700 (with or without YD) configuration file that matches aircraft configuration, and press [ENT] key.
Press [CLR ALL] softkey.
Note:
(k)
Pitch Trim gains
Once files are selected, press [LOAD] softkey.
When upload is complete, press [ENT] key to select OK in UPLOAD COMPLETE window.
Set BAT 1 and AVIONICS switches to OFF positions.
CAUTION:
(o)
(p)
(q)
(r)
Pressing [ENT] key will check and uncheck highlighted software and configuration boxes.
Using [FMS] knob and [ENT] key, select following files:
• Pitch Trim software
•
(l)
(m)
(n)
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
Wait for “flash” of display screens or 5 seconds to ensure backup capacitors
have discharged before removing software loader card.
Remove Cirrus Perspective software loader card from PFD.
Insert SD cards into top and bottom slots of MFD and PFD.
Reset STARTER and FUEL PUMP circuit breakers.
Disconnect 28 ±1 VDC external power from external power receptacle.
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
22-12
Page 15
31 May 2011
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
RH AFT LONGERON
(REF)
7
6
4
1
4
6
5
4
Serials 22-3026 thru 22-3309,
22-3311 thru 22-3325
w/ Perspective Avionics.
RH AFT LONGERON
(REF)
4
6
1
2
LEGEND
1. Mounting Plate
2. Pitch Trim Adapter
3. Screw
4. Washer
5. Bolt
6. Spacer
7. Nut
5
3
4
7
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics.
SR22_MM22_2799A
Figure 22-123
GTA 82 Pitch Trim Adapter Installation - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics (Sheet 1 of 2)
22-12
Page 16
31 May 2011
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
RH AFT LONGERON
(REF)
7
4
6
TIMER BOX
(REF)
1
4
6
4
Serials 22-3003, 22-3310,
and 22-3326 w/ FIKI.
5
TIMER BOX
(REF)
4
7
1
6
RH AFT LONGERON
(REF)
2
LEGEND
1. Mounting Plate
2. Pitch Trim Adapter
3. Screw
4. Washer
5. Bolt
6. Spacer
7. Nut
5
3
4
NOTE
Serial 22-3003: Install large area washers at
inboard locations on RH aft longeron.
Serials w/ FIKI.
SR22_MM22_2996
Figure 22-123
GTA 82 Pitch Trim Adapter Installation - Serials w/ Perspective and FIKI (Sheet 2 of 2)
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective and FIKI
22-12
Page 17
31 May 2011
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
G. GSA 80 Servo Actuator - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics (See Figure 22-124) (See Figure 22125)
(1)
(2)
Removal - GSA 80 Servo Actuator
(a) Set BAT 1, BAT 2, and AVIONICS master switches to OFF positions.
(b) Pull YAW SERVO circuit breaker.
(c)
Remove access panel RE3. (Refer to 06-00)
(d) Disconnect servo actuator connector from aircraft harness.
(e) Remove bolts and washers securing servo actuator to servo mount.
Installation - GSA 80 Servo Actuator
(a) Perform Inspection/Check - GSA 80 Servo Actuator. (Refer to 22-12)
(b) Carefully align servo actuator with servo mount.
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
CAUTION:
The servo actuator and servo mount must fit flush together with no gaps
before tightening mounting bolts. Do not under any circumstances try to
close gap by tightening mounting bolts or the servo mount will be damaged.
Note:
To facilitate gear alignment, use the correct orientation.
Install bolts and washers securing servo actuator to servo mount.
Serials w/ GSM 85A: Torque bolts to 45.0 ±5.0 in-lb (5.1 ±0.6 Nm). (Refer to 20-60)
Serials w/ GSM 86: Torque bolts to 35.0 ±5.0 in-lb (3.95 ±0.56 Nm). (Refer to 20-60)
Connect servo actuator connector to aircraft harness.
Note:
Ensure that harness is properly secured to the airframe.
(g)
(h)
(3)
Reset YAW SERVO circuit breaker.
If GSA 80 has been replaced with a new or different unit, or original unit has been
repaired, perform Functional Test - GSA 80 Servo Software and Configuration Loading.
(Refer to 22-12)
(i)
Perform Operational Test - GFC 700 Autopilot. (Refer to 22-12)
(j)
Install access panel RE3. (Refer to 06-00)
Inspection/Check - GSA 80 Servo Actuator
(a)
Acquire necessary tools, equipment, and supplies.
Description
P/N or Spec.
Cotton Cloth (clean,
lint free)
-
Any Source
Remove excess
grease.
Paint Brush
-
Any Source
Apply grease.
Grease
(b)
(c)
22-12
Page 18
31 May 2011
Supplier
Purpose
AeroShell 17
Shell Aviation
Lubrication.
(or equivalent that
London, United Kingdom
meets MIL-G-21164D) +44-20-7934-8264
Remove GSA 80 servo actuator. (Refer to 22-12)
Using lint-free cloth, remove excess grease build-up from servo output gear.
CAUTION:
Do not use solvents to clean the output gear.
Note:
It is not necessary to remove all grease from output gear.
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
CIRRUS
(4)
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
(d) Using brush or other applicator, apply a thin coat of grease to servo output gear.
(e) Install GSA 80 servo actuator. (Refer to 22-12)
Adjustment/Test - GSA 80 Servo Software and Configuration Loading
Note:
No software loading is required if the removed servo is reinstalled in the same
position. This does not include units that were returned for repair as the software
and configuration files are deleted during the repair testing process.
If a new, repaired, or exchanged GSA 80 servo is installed, load software and
gains files from the Cirrus Perspective software loader card.
(a)
(b)
Connect 28 ±1 VDC external power to external power receptacle.
Pull STARTER and FUEL PUMP circuit breakers.
CAUTION:
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
(g)
(h)
(i)
(j)
Remove SD cards from top and bottom slots of MFD and PFD.
Insert Cirrus Perspective software loader card into top slot of PFD.
Power on PFD and MFD in Configuration mode.
1
While holding far right softkey on PFD and MFD, set BAT 1 and AVIONICS switches
to ON positions.
2
When “INITIALIZING SYSTEM” appears in upper left corner of displays, release
softkeys.
3
On PFD, press [NO] softkey at “DO YOU WANT TO UPDATE SYSTEM FILES?”
prompt.
4
On PFD, press [NO] softkey at “DO YOU WANT TO UPDATE SYSTEM SPLASH
SCREEN?”
After System Status page appears on PFD, use inner [FMS] knob to select System Upload
page.
Press inner [FMS] knob to activate cursor.
Rotate inner [FMS] knob to display list of AIRFRAME choices, highlight “Options” in popup window, then press [ENT] key.
In FILE window, rotate inner [FMS] knob to display list of FILE choices. In pop-up window,
highlight GFC 700 (with or without YD) configuration file that matches aircraft configuration, and press [ENT] key.
Press [CLR ALL] softkey.
Note:
(k)
Yaw gains
Once are selected, press [LOAD] softkey.
When upload is complete, press [ENT] key to select OK in UPLOAD COMPLETE window.
Set BAT 1 and AVIONICS switches to OFF positions.
CAUTION:
(o)
Pressing [ENT] key will check and uncheck highlighted software and configuration boxes.
Using [FMS] knob and [ENT] key, select following files:
• Yaw software
•
(l)
(m)
(n)
Failure to remove database cards may result in cards becoming corrupted.
Wait for “flash” of display screens or 5 seconds to ensure backup capacitors
have discharged before removing software loader card.
Remove Cirrus Perspective software loader card from PFD.
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
22-12
Page 19
31 May 2011
CIRRUS
(p)
(q)
(r)
22-12
Page 20
31 May 2011
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
Insert SD cards into top and bottom slots of MFD and PFD.
Reset STARTER and FUEL PUMP circuit breakers.
Disconnect 28 ±1 VDC external power from external power receptacle.
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
H. GSA 81 Servo Actuator - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics (See Figure 22-126)
(1)
(2)
Removal - GSA 81 Servo Actuator
(a) Set BAT 1, BAT 2, and AVIONICS master switches to OFF positions.
(b) Pull AP SERVOS circuit breaker.
(c)
For pitch servo: Remove access panel CF5. (Refer to 06-00)
(d) For roll servo: Remove access panel CF4C. (Refer to 06-00)
(e) Disconnect servo actuator connector from aircraft harness.
(f)
Remove bolts and washers securing servo actuator to servo mount.
Installation - GSA 81 Servo Actuator
(a) Perform Inspection/Check - GSA 81 Servo Actuator. (Refer to 22-12)
(b) Carefully align servo actuator with servo mount.
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
CAUTION:
The servo actuator and servo mount must fit flush together with no gaps
before tightening mounting bolts. Do not under any circumstances try to
close gap by tightening mounting bolts or the servo mount will be damaged.
Note:
To facilitate gear alignment, use the correct orientation.
Install bolts and washers securing servo actuator to servo mount.
Serials w/ GSM 85A: Torque bolts to 45.0 ±5.0 in-lb (5.1 ±0.6 Nm). (Refer to 20-60)
Serials w/ GSM 86: Torque bolts to 35.0 ±5.0 in-lb (3.95 ±0.56 Nm). (Refer to 20-60)
Connect servo actuator connector to aircraft harness.
Note:
Ensure that harness is properly secured to the airframe.
(g)
(h)
(3)
Reset AP SERVOS circuit breaker.
If GSA 81 has been replaced with a new or different unit, or original unit has been
repaired, perform Functional Test - GSA 81 Servo Software and Configuration Loading.
(Refer to 22-12)
(i)
Perform Operational Test - GFC 700 Autopilot. (Refer to 22-12)
(j)
For pitch servo: Install access panel CF5. (Refer to 06-00)
(k)
For roll servo: Install access panel CF4C. (Refer to 06-00)
Inspection/Check - GSA 81 Servo Actuator
(a)
Acquire necessary tools, equipment, and supplies.
Description
P/N or Spec.
Cotton Cloth (clean,
lint free)
-
Any Source
Remove excess
grease.
Paint Brush
-
Any Source
Apply grease.
Grease
(b)
(c)
Supplier
Purpose
AeroShell 17
Shell Aviation
Lubrication.
(or equivalent that
London, United Kingdom
meets MIL-G-21164D) +44-20-7934-8264
Remove GSA 81 servo actuator. (Refer to 22-12)
Using lint-free cloth, remove excess grease build-up from servo output gear.
CAUTION:
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
Do not use solvents to clean the output gear.
22-12
Page 21
31 May 2011
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Note:
(4)
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
It is not necessary to remove all grease from output gear.
(d) Using brush or other applicator, apply a thin coat of grease to servo output gear.
(e) Install GSA 81 servo actuator. (Refer to 22-12)
Adjustment/Test - GSA 81 Servo Software and Configuration Loading
Note:
No software loading is required if the removed servo is re-installed in the same
position. This does not include units that were returned for repair as the software
and configuration files are deleted during the repair testing process.
If a new, repaired, or exchanged GSA 81 servo is installed, load software and
gains files from the Cirrus Perspective software loader card.
(a)
(b)
Connect 28 ±1 VDC external power to external power receptacle.
Pull STARTER and FUEL PUMP circuit breakers.
CAUTION:
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
(g)
(h)
(i)
(j)
Remove SD cards from top and bottom slots of MFD and PFD.
Insert Cirrus Perspective software loader card into top slot of PFD.
Power on PFD and MFD in Configuration mode.
1
While holding far right softkey on PFD and MFD, set BAT 1 and AVIONICS switches
to ON positions.
2
When “INITIALIZING SYSTEM” appears in upper left corner of displays, release
softkeys.
3
On PFD, press [NO] softkey at “DO YOU WANT TO UPDATE SYSTEM FILES?”
prompt.
4
On PFD, press [NO] softkey at “DO YOU WANT TO UPDATE SYSTEM SPLASH
SCREEN?”
After System Status page appears on PFD, use inner [FMS] knob to select System Upload
page.
Press inner [FMS] knob to activate cursor.
Rotate inner [FMS] knob to display list of AIRFRAME choices, highlight “Options” in popup window, then press [ENT] key.
In FILE window, rotate inner [FMS] knob to display list of FILE choices. In pop-up window,
highlight GFC 700 (with or without YD) configuration file that matches aircraft configuration, and press [ENT] key.
Press [CLR ALL] softkey.
Note:
(k)
22-12
Page 22
31 May 2011
Pitch gains
For roll servo: Using [FMS] knob and [ENT] key, select following files:
• Roll software
•
(m)
(n)
Pressing [ENT] key will check and uncheck highlighted software and configuration boxes.
For pitch servo: Using [FMS] knob and [ENT] key, select following files:
• Pitch software
•
(l)
Failure to remove database cards may result in cards becoming corrupted.
Roll gains
Once files are selected, press [LOAD] softkey.
When upload is complete, press [ENT] key to select OK in UPLOAD COMPLETE window.
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
CIRRUS
(o)
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Set BAT 1 and AVIONICS switches to OFF positions.
CAUTION:
(p)
(q)
(r)
(s)
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
Wait for “flash” of display screens or 5 seconds to ensure backup capacitors
have discharged before removing software loader card.
Remove Cirrus Perspective software loader card from PFD.
Insert SD cards into top and bottom slots of MFD and PFD.
Reset STARTER and FUEL PUMP circuit breakers.
Disconnect 28 ±1 VDC external power from external power receptacle.
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
22-12
Page 23
31 May 2011
CIRRUS
I.
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
GSM 85A/86 Pitch Servo Mount - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics (See Figure 22-124)
(1)
Removal - GSM 85A/86 Pitch Servo Mount
(a) Set BAT 1, BAT 2, and AVIONICS switches to OFF positions.
(b) Pull AP SERVOS circuit breaker.
(c)
Remove access panel CF5. (Refer to 06-00)
(d) Serials w/ Air Conditioning: Remove condenser. (Refer to 21-50)
(e) Disconnect pitch servo plug from socket.
Note:
Note location of bridle cable clamps on elevator cable to facilitate reinstallation.
(f)
(g)
(2)
(3)
Remove bolts, nuts, and clamps securing bridle cable to elevator cable.
Remove bolts and washers securing pitch servo to mounting bracket and remove pitch
servo from airplane.
Disassembly - GSM 85A/86 Pitch Servo Mount
(a) Remove screws and washers securing stiffener ring to capstan cable guards.
(b) Remove cable guards.
(c)
Serials w/ GSM 85A: Disassemble capstan cover.
1
Remove screws and washers securing outer capstan cover and gasket to capstan.
2
Remove cotter pin, nuts, o-ring, and washer securing inner capstan cover to capstan. Remove capstan cover and gasket.
(d) Serials w/ GSM 86: Disassemble capstan.
1
Remove bolt and washer securing capstan assembly to servo mount.
2
Remove retaining ring securing slip clutch cartridge to capstan.
(e) Remove cotter pin, nut, washers, spacer, and bolt securing pulley and cable keeper to
mounting bracket.
(f)
Remove stop-ball from capstan recess and unwrap bridle cable from capstan.
Reassembly - GSM 85A/86 Pitch Servo Mount
(a) Serials w/ GSM 85A: If pitch servo mount is a different unit from the originally installed
pitch servo mount:
1
Perform Adjustment/Test - GSM 85A Servo Mount Torque. (Refer to 22-12)
(b) Insert and depress bridle cable stop-ball into capstan recess.
(c)
Wrap bridle cable around servo capstan.
1
On servo capstan, position bridle cable stop-ball at 9 o’clock position (stop-ball at
forward side of capstan), and wrap long end of bridle cable approximately 480°
counter-clockwise such that cable exits bottom of capstan.
2
On servo capstan, position bridle cable stop-ball at 9 o’clock position (stop-ball at
forward side of capstan), and wrap short end of bridle cable approximately 480°
clockwise such that cable exits bottom of capstan.
Note:
(d)
(e)
22-12
Page 24
31 May 2011
Align cable keeper so arm extends through mounting bracket hole but
does not contact pulley or mounting bracket.
Position pulley and cable keeper to mounting bracket and secure with bolt, washers, nut,
and new cotter pin.
Serials w/ GSM 85A: Reassemble capstan cover.
1
Position capstan cover and gasket onto capstan. Install new cotter pin, nuts, o-ring,
and washer securing inner capstan cover to capstan.
2
Install screws and washers securing outer capstan cover and gasket to capstan.
Torque screws to 10.0 ±2.0 in-lb (1.13 ±0.23 Nm).
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
(f)
(4)
(5)
Serials w/ GSM 86: Reassemble capstan.
1
Position slip clutch cartridge into capstan.
2
Install retaining ring securing slip clutch cartridge to capstan.
3
Position capstan assembly to servo mount.
4
Install bolt and washer securing capstan assembly to servo mount. Torque bolt to
35.0 ±5.0 in-lb (3.95 ±0.56 Nm).
(g) Install cable guards.
(h) Position stiffener ring to capstan cable guards and secure with screws and washers.
Torque screws to 10.0 ±2.0 in-lb (1.13 ±0.23 Nm).
Installation - GSM 85A/86 Pitch Servo Mount
(a) Position pitch servo to mounting bracket and secure with bolts and washers.
(b) Serials w/ GSM 85A: Torque bolts to 45.0 ±5.0 in-lb (5.1 ±0.6 Nm). (Refer to 20-60)
(c)
Serials w/ GSM 86: Torque bolts to 35.0 ±5.0 in-lb (3.95 ±0.56 Nm). (Refer to 20-60)
(d) Perform Adjustment/Test - GSM 85A/86 Pitch Servo Mount Bridle Cable Tension. (Refer to
22-12)
(e) Connect pitch servo plug to socket.
(f)
Reset AP SERVOS circuit breaker.
(g) Perform Operational Test - GFC 700 Autopilot. (Refer to 22-12)
(h) Serials w/ Air Conditioning: Install condenser. (Refer to 21-50)
(i)
Install access panel CF5. (Refer to 06-00)
Adjustment/Test - GSM 85A/86 Pitch Servo Mount Bridle Cable Tension
(a)
Acquire necessary tools, equipment, and supplies.
Description
(e)
(f)
(g)
Supplier
Purpose
Tensiometer
BT-33-75D
Kent Moore
Warren, MI 48092
Cable tension
determination.
Rigging Lockout Tool
14905-001
Cirrus Design
Duluth, MN 55811
218-727-2737
Lockout elevator
bellcrank.
Any Source
Lockout elevator
bellcrank.
3/16” Lockout Pin
(b)
(c)
(d)
P/N or Spec.
-
Remove access panel RE1. (Refer to 06-00)
Using rigging lockout tool and pin, lockout elevator empennage bellcrank.
Using tensiometer, verify elevator control cable tension. If elevator control cable tension
falls outside specified tolerance, perform Adjustment/Test - Elevator System Rigging.
(Refer to 27-30) (Refer to 27-30)
On servo capstan, position bridle cable stop-ball at 9 o’clock position (stop-ball at forward
side of capstan in the capstan recess).
Ensure approximately two and one-half wraps of bridle cable exist around capstan and
that stop-ball is in center of cable wrap when cable is at center of travel.
Ensure that stop-ball can not become disengaged from capstan recess or that bridle cable
exit length can not exceed full groove length of capstan.
Note:
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
Use a ratcheting open-end wrench and socket for tightening bridle cable
clamp assembly to elevator cable.
22-12
Page 25
31 May 2011
CIRRUS
(h)
(i)
(j)
(k)
(l)
(m)
(n)
(o)
(p)
(q)
(r)
(s)
22-12
Page 26
31 May 2011
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
Position long end of bridle cable and clamp assembly to outboard elevator cable and
secure with bolts and nuts. Torque nuts to 50 ±5 in-lb (5.6 ±0.6 Nm).
Route short end of bridle cable through mounting bracket hole and between pulley and
cable keeper.
Position short end of bridle cable and clamp assembly to inboard elevator cable and
loosely secure with bolts and nuts.
While pushing long end of bridle cable and clamp assembly aft, tighten clamp to elevator
cable. Torque nuts to 50 ±5 in-lb (5.6 ±0.6 Nm).
Using tensiometer, verify bridle cable tension forward of bridle cable clamps is set to 25.0
+2.0/-0.0 lb (11.3 +0.9/-0.0 kg). If bridle cable tension falls outside specified tolerance,
loosen aft clamp assembly and adjust bridle cable as required to obtain 25.0 +2.0/-0.0 lb
(11.3 +0.9/-0.0 kg).
Using tensiometer, verify elevator control cable tension forward of the bridle cable clamp
assemblies. (See Figure 06-001)
Remove rigging lockout pin and tool from elevator empennage bellcrank.
Ensure flight control systems operate through full range of travel without binding, obstruction, or excessive friction.
Ensure bridle cable remains in capstan grooves during full elevator and pitch servo travel
and bridle cable moves freely through cable guards without chafing.
Ensure there is 0.005 inch (0.127 mm) minimum clearance between bridle cable clamps
along main control cable side.
Ensure bridle cable moves freely through mounting bracket without chafing.
Install access panel RE1. (Refer to 06-00)
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
21
5
22
4
4
9
9
Serials w/ GSM 86.
BRACKET
(REF)
4
9
BULKHEAD FS186
(REF)
9
4
5
20
9
13
18
14
4
4
16
9
9
3
7
1
4
4
10
5
19
3
18
13
6
11
10
14
16
3
10
12
ELEVATOR
CABLES (REF)
17
4
2
6
15
Serials w/ GSM 85A.
NOTE
Ensure bridle cable does not rub on cable guards.
LEGEND
1. Bracket
2. Plug
3. Screw
4. Washer
5. Capstan
6. Nut
7. Pulley
8. Bridle Cable
9. Bolt
10. Star Washer
11. Capstan Cover
12. Castellated Nut
13. Cotter Pin
14. Cable Guard
15. O-Ring
16. Stiffener Ring
17. Cable Diverter
18. GSM 85A/86 Pitch Servo Mount
19. Gasket
20. GSA 81 Servo Actuator
21. Retaining Ring
22. Slip Clutch Cartridge
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics.
SR22_MM22_2778A
Figure 22-124
Pitch Servo Installation - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics (Sheet 1 of 2)
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
22-12
Page 27
31 May 2011
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
BULKHEAD FS186
(REF)
8
22
4
21
4
ELEVATOR
CABLES (REF)
4
6 21
6
4
6
3
22
9
4
6
23
21
21
21
21
23
21
9
4
3
4
21
9
LEGEND
3. Screw
4. Washer
6. Nut
8. Bridle Cable
9. Bolt
21. Clamp
22. Bridle Cable End Fitting
23. Spacer
NOTE
Before disassembly, mark location of bridle cable.
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics.
Figure 22-124
Pitch Servo Installation - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics (Sheet 2 of 2)
22-12
Page 28
31 May 2011
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
SR22_MM22_2931A
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
J. GSM 85A/86 Roll Servo Mount - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics (See Figure 22-125)
(1)
Removal - GSM 85A/86 Roll Servo Mount
(a) Set BAT 1, BAT 2, and AVIONICS switches to OFF positions.
(b) Pull AP SERVOS circuit breaker.
(c)
Remove access panels CF3C and CF4C. (Refer to 06-00)
(d) Disconnect roll servo plug from socket.
Note:
Note location of bridle cable clamps on aileron cable to facilitate reinstallation.
(e)
(f)
(2)
(3)
Remove bolts, nuts, and clamps securing bridle cable to aileron cable.
Remove bolts and washers securing roll servo to mounting bracket and remove roll servo
from airplane.
Disassembly - GSM 85A/86 Roll Servo Mount
(a) Remove screws and washers securing stiffener ring to capstan cable guards.
(b) Remove cable guards.
(c)
Serials w/ GSM 85A: Disassemble capstan cover.
1
Remove screws and washers securing outer capstan cover and gasket to capstan.
2
Remove cotter pin, nuts, o-ring, and washer securing inner capstan cover to capstan. Remove capstan cover and gasket.
(d) Serials w/ GSM 86: Disassemble capstan.
1
Remove bolt and washer securing capstan assembly to servo mount.
2
Remove retaining ring securing slip clutch cartridge to capstan.
(e) Remove stop-ball from capstan recess and unwrap bridle cable from capstan.
Reassembly - GSM 85A/86 Roll Servo Mount
(a) Serials w/ GSM 85A: If roll servo mount is a different unit from the originally installed roll
servo mount:
1
Perform Adjustment/Test - GSM 85A Servo Mount Torque. (Refer to 22-12)
(b) Insert and depress bridle cable stop-ball into capstan recess.
(c)
Wrap bridle cable around servo capstan.
1
On servo capstan, position bridle cable stop-ball at 6 o’clock position (stop-ball at
bottom of capstan), and wrap RH wing end of bridle cable approximately 540°
counter-clockwise to exit at top of capstan.
2
On servo capstan, position bridle cable stop-ball at 6 o’clock position (stop-ball at
bottom of capstan), and wrap LH wing end of bridle cable approximately 540° clockwise to exit at top of capstan.
(d) Serials w/ GSM 85A: Reassemble capstan cover.
1
Position capstan cover and gasket onto capstan. Install new cotter pin, nuts, o-ring,
and washer securing inner capstan cover to capstan.
2
Install screws and washers securing outer capstan cover and gasket to capstan.
Torque screws to 10.0 ±2.0 in-lb (1.13 ±0.23 Nm).
(e) Serials w/ GSM 86: Reassemble capstan.
1
Position slip clutch cartridge into capstan.
2
Install retaining ring securing slip clutch cartridge to capstan.
3
Position capstan assembly to servo mount.
4
Install bolt and washer securing capstan assembly to servo mount. Torque bolt to
35.0 ±5.0 in-lb (3.95 ±0.56 Nm).
(f)
Install cable guards.
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
22-12
Page 29
31 May 2011
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
(g)
(4)
(5)
Position stiffener ring to capstan cable guards and secure with screws and washers.
Torque screws to 10.0 ±2.0 in-lb (1.13 ±0.23 Nm).
Installation - GSM 85A/86 Roll Servo Mount
(a) Position roll servo to mounting bracket and secure with bolts and washers.
(b) Serials w/ GSM 85A: Torque bolts to 45.0 ±5.0 in-lb (5.1 ±0.6 Nm). (Refer to 20-60)
(c)
Serials w/ GSM 86: Torque bolts to 35.0 ±5.0 in-lb (3.95 ±0.56 Nm). (Refer to 20-60)
(d) Perform Adjustment/Test - GSM 85A/86 Roll Servo Mount Bridle Cable Tension. (Refer to
22-12)
(e) Connect roll servo plug to socket.
(f)
Reset AP SERVOS circuit breaker.
(g) Perform Operational Test - GFC 700 Autopilot. (Refer to 22-12)
(h) Install access panels CF3C and CF4C. (Refer to 06-00)
Adjustment/Test - GSM 85A/86 Roll Servo Mount Bridle Cable Tension
(a)
Acquire necessary tools, equipment, and supplies.
Description
Tensiometer
BT-33-75D
3/16” Lockout Pin
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
(g)
(h)
P/N or Spec.
-
Supplier
Purpose
Kent Moore
Warren, MI 48092
Cable tension
determination.
Any Source
Lockout aileron
pulleys.
Remove carpet and access panels CF3C and CF4C. (Refer to 06-00)
Insert rigging lockout pins at aileron actuation pulleys in LH and RH wing.
Insert rigging lockout pin at aileron actuation pulley in center console.
Using tensiometer, verify aileron control cable tension. (See Figure 06-001) If aileron control cable tension falls outside specified tolerance, perform Adjustment/Test - Aileron System Rigging. (Refer to 27-10)
On servo capstan, position bridle cable stop-ball at 6 o’clock position (stop-ball at bottom
of capstan in the capstan recess).
Ensure three wraps of bridle cable exist around capstan, stop-ball is in center of cable
wrap when cable is at center of travel, and LH wing and RH wing bridle cable ends exit
from top of capstan.
Ensure that stop-ball can not become disengaged from capstan recess or that bridle cable
exit length can not exceed full groove length of capstan.
Note:
Use a ratcheting open-end wrench and socket for tightening bridle cable
clamp assembly to aileron cable.
Cable clamps may be rotated to ensure proper cable alignment on servo
capstan. Locate clamps such that they do not travel through longeron hole.
(i)
(j)
(k)
(l)
22-12
Page 30
31 May 2011
Position RH end of bridle cable and clamp assembly to RH aileron cable and secure with
bolts and nuts. Torque nuts to 50 ±5 in-lb (5.6 ±0.6 Nm).
Position LH end of bridle cable and clamp assembly to LH aileron cable and loosely
secure with bolts and nuts.
While pushing LH end of bridle cable and clamp assembly outboard, tighten clamp to aileron cable. Torque nuts to 50 ±5 in-lb (5.6 ±0.6 Nm).
Using tensiometer, verify bridle cable tension inboard of bridle cable clamps is set to 25.0
+2.0/-0.0 lb (11.3 +0.9/-0.0 kg). If bridle cable tension falls outside specified tolerance,
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
CIRRUS
(m)
(n)
(o)
(p)
(q)
(r)
(s)
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
loosen LH clamp assembly and adjust bridle cable as required to obtain 25.0 +2.0/-0.0 lb
(11.3 +0.9/-0.0 kg).
Using tensiometer, verify aileron control cable tension outboard of the bridle cable clamp
assemblies. (See Figure 06-001)
Remove rigging lockout pins from LH and RH aileron actuation pulleys.
Remove rigging lockout pin in center console aileron actuation pulley.
Ensure flight control systems operate through full range of travel without binding, obstruction, or excessive friction.
Ensure bridle cable remains in capstan grooves during full elevator and pitch servo travel
and bridle cable moves freely through cable guards without chafing.
Ensure there is 0.005 inch (0.127 mm) minimum clearance between bridle cable clamps
along main control cable side.
Install access panels CF3C and CF4C, and carpet. (Refer to 06-00)
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
22-12
Page 31
31 May 2011
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
19
8
4
3
20
3
8
Serials w/ GSM 86.
TO
RH WING
8
6
RH AFT
LONGERON
(REF)
2
BRACKET
(REF)
AILERON CABLE
(REF)
2
18
9
8
5
12
13 10
9
18
15
6
6
TO
LH WING
35
14
4
3
8
4
16
Serials w/ GSM 85A.
NOTE
Before disassembly, mark location of bridle cable.
Ensure bridle cable does not rub on cable guards.
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics.
Figure 22-125
Roll Servo Installation - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
22-12
Page 32
31 May 2011
1
LEGEND
1. Plug
2. Screw
3. Washer
4. Capstan
5. Nut
6. Clamp
7. Bridle Cable
8. Bolt
9. Star Washer
10. Capstan Cover
11. Cotter Pin
12. Cable Guard
13. O-Ring
14. GSA 81 Servo Actuator
15. Bridle Cable End Fitting
16. GSM 85A/86 Roll Servo Mount
17. Gasket
18. Stiffener Ring
19. Retaining Ring
20. Slip Clutch Cartridge
5
11
15 6
35
16
2 9
17
7
12
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
SR22_MM22_2779B
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
K. GSM 85A/86 Yaw Servo Mount - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics and w/ Three-Axis Configuration (See Figure 22-126)
(1)
Removal - GSM 85A/86 Yaw Servo Mount
(a) Set BAT 1, BAT 2, and AVIONICS switches to OFF positions.
(b) Pull YAW SERVO circuit breaker.
(c)
Remove access panel RE3. (Refer to 06-00)
(d) Disconnect yaw servo plug from socket.
Note:
Note location of bridle cable clamps on rudder cable to facilitate reinstallation.
(e)
(f)
(2)
(3)
Remove bolts, nuts, and clamps securing bridle cable to rudder cable.
Remove bolts and washers securing yaw servo to mounting bracket and remove yaw
servo from airplane.
Disassembly - GSM 85A/86 Yaw Servo Mount
(a) Remove screws and washers securing stiffener ring to capstan cable guards.
(b) Remove cable guards.
(c)
Serials w/ GSM 85A: Disassemble capstan cover.
1
Remove screws and washers securing outer capstan cover and gasket to capstan.
2
Remove cotter pin, nuts, o-ring, and washer securing inner capstan cover to capstan. Remove capstan cover and gasket.
(d) Serials w/ GSM 86: Disassemble capstan.
1
Remove bolt and washer securing capstan assembly to servo mount.
2
Remove retaining ring securing slip clutch cartridge to capstan.
(e) Remove stop-ball from capstan recess and unwrap bridle cable from capstan.
Reassembly - GSM 85A/86 Yaw Servo Mount
(a) Serials w/ GSM 85A: If yaw servo mount is a different unit from the originally installed yaw
servo mount:
1
Perform Adjustment/Test - GSM 85A Servo Mount Torque. (Refer to 22-12)
(b) Insert and depress bridle cable stop-ball into capstan recess.
(c)
Wrap bridle cable around servo capstan.
1
On servo capstan, position bridle cable stop-ball at 12 o’clock position (stop-ball at
top of capstan), and wrap long end of bridle cable approximately 540° counterclockwise such that it exits forward at bottom of capstan.
2
On servo capstan, position bridle cable stop-ball at 12 o’clock position (stop-ball at
top of capstan), and wrap short end of bridle cable approximately 540° clockwise
such that it exits aft at bottom of capstan.
(d) Serials w/ GSM 85A: Reassemble capstan cover.
1
Position capstan cover and gasket onto capstan. Install new cotter pin, nuts, o-ring,
and washer securing inner capstan cover to capstan.
2
Install screws and washers securing outer capstan cover and gasket to capstan.
Torque screws to 10.0 ±2.0 in-lb (1.13 ±0.23 Nm).
(e) Serials w/ GSM 86: Reassemble capstan.
1
Position slip clutch cartridge into capstan.
2
Install retaining ring securing slip clutch cartridge to capstan.
3
Position capstan assembly to servo mount.
4
Install bolt and washer securing capstan assembly to servo mount. Torque bolt to
35.0 ±5.0 in-lb (3.95 ±0.56 Nm).
(f)
Install cable guards.
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics and w/ Three-Axis
Configuration
22-12
Page 33
31 May 2011
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
(g)
(4)
(5)
Position stiffener ring to capstan cable guards and secure with screws and washers.
Torque screws to 10.0 ±2.0 in-lb (1.13 ±0.23 Nm).
Installation - GSM 85A/86 Yaw Servo Mount
(a) Position yaw servo to mounting bracket and secure with bolts and washers.
(b) Serials w/ GSM 85A: Torque bolts to 45.0 ±5.0 in-lb (5.1 ±0.6 Nm). (Refer to 20-60)
(c)
Serials w/ GSM 86: Torque bolts to 35.0 ±5.0 in-lb (3.95 ±0.56 Nm). (Refer to 20-60)
(d) Perform Adjustment/Test - GSM 85A/86 Yaw Servo Mount Bridle Cable Tension. (Refer to
22-12)
(e) Connect yaw servo plug to socket.
(f)
Reset YAW SERVO circuit breaker.
(g) Perform Operational Test - GFC 700 Autopilot. (Refer to 22-12)
(h) Install access panel RE3. (Refer to 06-00)
Adjustment/Test - GSM 85A/86 Yaw Servo Mount Bridle Cable Tension
(a)
Acquire necessary tools, equipment, and supplies.
Description
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(g)
(h)
(i)
Supplier
Purpose
Scale
6.0 inches (15.24 cm)
-
Any Source
Rudder deflection
determination.
Spacer Block
7 3/8” x 2” (18.73 x 5.08 cm)
-
Any Source
Spacer for holding
neutral rudder
position.
3/16” Lockout Pin
-
Any Source
Lockout rudder
pulley.
Remove access panel LE1, LE2 and RE2. (Refer to 06-00)
Insert rigging lockout pin at rudder actuation pulley in empennage.
Perform Inspection/Check - Rudder Gap and Overlap. (Refer to 55-40)
Verify rudder neutral position remains at 0 ±1° with rudder pedals in neutral position.
Note:
(f)
P/N or Spec.
Typically, the correct rudder deflection (20° ±1°) is obtained by measuring
5.8 - 6.2 inches (14.7 - 15.8 cm) between chord line at upper leading edge
of vertical stabilizer and chord line at lower leading edge of deflected rudder
horn. (See Figure 27-204)
Using scale, verify 20° ±1° rudder deflection angle. If rudder deflection angle falls outside
specified tolerance, perform Adjustment/Test - Rudder System Rigging. (Refer to 27-20)
On servo capstan, position bridle cable stop-ball at 12 o’clock position (stop-ball at top of
capstan in the capstan recess).
Ensure three wraps of bridle cable exist around capstan and that stop-ball is in center of
cable wrap when cable is at center of travel.
Ensure that stop-ball can not become disengaged from capstan recess or that bridle cable
exit length can not exceed full groove length of capstan.
Note:
Use a ratcheting open-end wrench and socket for tightening bridle cable
clamp assembly to rudder cable.
Cable clamps may be rotated to ensure proper cable alignment on servo
capstan.
22-12
Page 34
31 May 2011
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics and w/ Three-Axis
Configuration
CIRRUS
(j)
(k)
(l)
(m)
(n)
(o)
(p)
(q)
(r)
(s)
(t)
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
Position short end of bridle cable and clamp assembly to aft rudder cable and secure with
bolts and nuts. Torque nuts to 50 ±5 in-lb (5.6 ± 0.6 Nm).
Route long end of cable forward through pulley assembly.
Position long end of bridle cable and clamp assembly to forward rudder cable and loosely
secure with bolts and nuts.
While pushing long end of bridle cable and clamp assembly forward, tighten clamp to rudder cable. Torque nuts to 50 ±5 in-lb (5.6 ± 0.6 Nm).
Using tensiometer, verify bridle cable tension forward of bridle cable clamps is set to 25.0
+2.0/-0.0 lb (11.3 +0.9/-0.0 kg). If bridle cable tension falls outside specified tolerance,
loosen forward clamp assembly and adjust bridle cable as required to obtain 25.0 +2.0/0.0 lb (11.3 +0.9/-0.0 kg).
Using scale, verify 20° ±1° rudder deflection angle.
Remove rigging lockout pin from rudder actuation pulley in empennage.
Ensure flight control systems operate through full range of travel without binding, obstruction, or excessive friction.
Ensure bridle cable remains in capstan grooves during full rudder and yaw servo travel
and bridle cable moves freely through cable guards without chafing.
Ensure there is 0.005 inch (0.127 mm) minimum clearance between bridle cable clamps
along main control cable side.
Install access panel LE1, LE2 and RE2. (Refer to 06-00)
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics and w/ Three-Axis
Configuration
22-12
Page 35
31 May 2011
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
19
4
20
3
8
8
3
Serials w/ GSM 86.
6
14
1
BRACKET
(REF)
15
4
8
RUDDER
CABLE
(REF)
3
7
3
8
4
12
5
16
15
17
10
11
13
18 12
17
9
2
5
13
9
2
Serials w/ GSM 85A.
NOTE
Ensure bridle cable does not rub on cable guards.
LEGEND
1. Plug
2. Screw
3. Washer
4. Capstan
5. Nut
6. Clamp
7. Bridle Cable
8. Bolt
9. Star Washer
10. Capstan Cover
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics.
9
2
11. Cotter Pin
12. Cable Guard
13. Cable Diverter
14. GSA 80 Servo Actuator
15. GSM 85A/86 Yaw Servo Mount
16. Gasket
17. Stiffener Ring
18. O-Ring
19. Retaining Ring
20. Slip Clutch Cartridge
SR22_MM22_2780B
Figure 22-126
Yaw Servo Installation - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics & w/ Three-Axis Configuration (Sheet 1 of 2)
22-12
Page 36
31 May 2011
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics & w/ Three-Axis Configuration
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
8
3
6
7
BULKHEAD 222
(REF)
20
6
3
RUDDER CABLE
(REF)
PULLEY
(REF)
5
14
7
BATTERY 2 SHELF
(REF)
7
RUDDER CABLE
(REF)
BRACKET
(REF)
8
3
6
20
6
ELT SHELF
(REF)
RUDDER CABLE
(REF)
3
5
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics & Three-Axis Configuration.
NOTE
Before disassembly, mark location of bridle cable.
LEGEND
3. Washer
5. Nut
6. Clamp
7. Bridle Cable
8. Bolt
14. GSA 8 0 Servo Actuator
20. Bridle Cable End Fitting
SR22_MM22_2929A
Figure 22-126
Yaw Servo Installation - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics & w/ Three-Axis Configuration (Sheet 2 of 2)
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics & w/ Three-Axis Configuration
22-12
Page 37
31 May 2011
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
L. Tests - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
(1)
Operational Test - GFC 700 Autopilot
(a) Pull STARTER and FUEL PUMP circuit breakers.
(b) Set ALT master switch to OFF position.
(c)
Connect 28 ±1 VDC external power to external power receptacle.
(d) Complete preflight test.
1
Set BAT 1 and AVIONICS switches to ON positions.
Note:
AFCS (red) is displayed on PFD until AHRS and air data computer
parameters become valid.
2
(e)
(f)
22-12
Page 38
31 May 2011
After AHRS and air data computer parameters become valid, verify PFT (white)
annunciation is displayed on PFD.
3
Approximately 10 to 15 seconds after successful test completion, the PFT annunciation will clear.
To verify trim switches are operating correctly, perform the following trim switch checks.
1
On pilot’s yoke, momentarily actuate trim (roll) switch to the left. Verify yoke moves
left.
2
Momentarily actuate trim (roll) switch to the right. Verify yoke moves right.
3
Actuate trim (roll) switch to the left until stop is reached.
4
Actuate trim (roll) switch to the right until stop is reached.
5
Actuate trim switch to the center.
6
Momentarily actuate trim (pitch) switch forward. Verify yoke moves forward.
7
Momentarily actuate trim (pitch) switch aft. Verify yoke moves aft.
8
Actuate trim (pitch) switch forward until stop is reached.
9
Actuate trim (pitch) switch aft until stop is reached.
10
Actuate trim switch to the center.
11
Repeat trim switch check on co-pilot’s yoke.
To verify AFCS systems buttons and switches are operating correctly, perform the following AFCS switch checks:
1
Press and hold [AP DISC] on yoke while actuating pitch trim switch. Verify trim does
not run.
2
Release [AP DISC] on yoke.
3
Press [AP] on GMC 705 to engage autopilot.
4
Pull AP SERVOS, GPS NAV GIA 1, and GPS NAV GIA 2 circuit breakers to cause
abnormal autopilot disengagement.
5
Verify a continuous disconnect tone is heard, and AP (flashing red/white) annunciation is displayed on PFD.
6
Verify no AFCS annunciations (e.g. AFCS, PFT, Mis-Trim) remain displayed on
PFD.
7
Press [AP DISC] switch on yoke to cancel abnormal disengagement alert.
8
Reset AP SERVOS, GPS NAV GIA 1, and GPS NAV GIA 2 circuit breakers.
9
Wait for pre-flight test sequence to successfully complete again.
10
Press [TO/GA] button on power lever. Verify “TO” is annunciated on PFD for both
pitch and roll modes and command bars indicate a wings-level, pitch-up attitude.
11
Press [FD] on GMC 705 to deactivate Go-Around mode and reset Flight Director.
12
Press [AP DISC] switch on yoke to disconnect autopilot.
13
Press [VS] on GMC 705 to engage VS mode.
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
14
15
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
Verify VS (green) annunciation and a pitch reference of ‘0 FPM’ is displayed on
PFD.
Press [IAS] on GMC 705 to engage IAS mode.
Note:
The minimum speed reference for the GFC 700 is 80 KTS.
16
(g)
(h)
Verify IAS (green) annunciation and a speed reference of ‘80 KTS’ is displayed on
PFD.
17
Press [ALT] on GMC 705 to engage ALT mode.
18
Verify “ALT” annunciation and an altitude reference equal to the aircraft altitude
(within the nearest 20 feet) is displayed on PFD.
19
Press [FD] on GMC 705 to engage FD mode.
20
Verify mode annunciations and command bars are removed from PFD.
Verify autopilot clutch override operation.
1
Press [AP] on GMC 705 to engage autopilot.
2
Apply force to yoke to verify autopilot clutches can be overpowered in pitch and roll.
3
Serials w/ three-axis configuration: Press [YD] on GMC 705 to engage yaw damper.
4
Serials w/ three-axis configuration: Apply manual rudder inputs in both directions to
verify autopilot clutch can be overpowered in yaw.
Perform autopilot operation checks.
1
Press [AP] on GMC 705 to engage autopilot.
2
Press [HDG] on GMC 705 to synchronize heading bug to present aircraft heading
on HSI.
Note:
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
Due to aircraft not being perfectly level, very slow movement of yoke
is acceptable.
Press [HDG] again to select Heading mode. Verify command bars are level and
yoke is stationary.
Turn [HDG] knob on GMC 705 to left. Verify command bars move to left and yoke
moves left.
Turn [HDG] knob on GMC 705 to right. Verify command bars move to right and yoke
moves right.
Holding yoke lightly, rotate pitch command wheel on GMC 705 UP to increase pitch
reference.
Verify command bars move up and yoke moves aft.
Rotate pitch command wheel on GMC 705 DN to decrease pitch reference.
Verify command bars move down and yoke moves forward.
Press [AP DISC] on yoke to disconnect autopilot.
Actuate trim switch to the center.
Press [AP] on GMC 705 to engage autopilot.
Rotate pitch command wheel on GMC 705 down to command full NOSE DN.
Hold yoke firmly and verify mis-trim annunciation is displayed on PFD.
While continuing to hold yoke, press [AP DISC]. Verify Flight Director command
bars on PFD remain in view and autopilot disengages.
With Flight Director command bars in view, alternately command NOSE UP and
NOSE DN by rotating pitch command wheel on GMC 705. Verify Flight director command bars on PFD show corresponding NOSE UP or NOSE DN indication.
Serials w/ three-axis configuration: Press [AP] and [YD] on GMC 705 to engage
autopilot and yaw damper.
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
22-12
Page 39
31 May 2011
CIRRUS
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
18
22-12
Page 40
31 May 2011
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
Serials w/ three-axis configuration: Externally push tail of aircraft to left and right.
Verify rudder deflection is in the corresponding direction.
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
CIRRUS
(2)
AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
Adjustment/Test - GSM 85A/86 Servo Clutch Test
CAUTION:
Once test is initiated, the tested servo begins to drive and corresponding flight
surface begins to move. Ensure all flight surfaces are free from obstructions
through their full range of motion prior to initiating test. If test must be stopped,
press [AP DISC] on yoke to disconnect autopilot. (See Figure 27-103)
Note:
Adjustment/Test - GSM 85A/86 Servo Clutch Test requires Garmin system software version 0764.08 or later.
Serials w/ GSM 85A and Garmin system software prior to version 0764.08: Do not
perform Adjustment/Test - GSM 85A/86 Servo Clutch Test, and proceed directly to
Adjustment/Test - GSM 85A Servo Mount Torque. (Refer to 22-12)
Flight control surfaces may need to be lockout pinned for automated test to complete successfully. (See Figure 27-102), (See Figure 27-204), (See Figure 27-306)
During testing, temperature conditions of 10° - 48°C (50° - 120°F) are required.
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
(g)
(h)
(i)
Pull STARTER, FUEL PUMP, and PFD circuit breakers.
Set ALT master switch to OFF position.
Connect 28 ±1 VDC external power to external power receptacle.
While holding far right softkey on PFD, reset PFD circuit breakers and hold softkey until
“INITIALIZING SYSTEM” appears to restart PFD in Configuration mode.
On instrument panel, press reversionary button to force MFD into reversionary mode.
Acknowledge any flashing CAS messages on MFD.
On PFD, rotate outer [FMS] knob to select GFC group.
Rotate inner [FMS] knob to select GFC Status page.
Select and test servo.
1
Press inner [FMS] knob to activate cursor.
2
Rotate inner [FMS] knob to highlight applicable servo in SELECT SERVO AXIS
field, then press [ENT] key.
3
Verify that PFT status fields on GFC Status page display "PASSED".
4
Press [TEST SVO] softkey on PFD.
5
Rotate inner [FMS] knob to highlight YES in popup window, then press [ENT] key.
Test begins a 50 second data collection period, where servo is driven at approximately 2.5 RPM while servo load cell measures clutch torque. During test, a pop-up
window on PFD indicates test status for active axis and servo direction.
6
Monitor CURRENT, SPEED and TORQUE fields on PFD during test. Verify that values displayed within those fields are not equal to zero.
After data is collected and processed, minimum and maximum torque readings from
initial direction of test are displayed on PFD. The servo immediately reverses direction and performs test in opposite direction.
7
If "COMPLETE" is displayed, the test for that servo has completed successfully.
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MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
Verify all displayed SLIP CLUTCH TEST RESULTS values are within specifications:
GSM 85A Slip Clutch Torque
Servo/ Axis
Minimum
Allowable
Nominal
Maximum
Allowable
Pitch
39.0 in-lb (4.4 Nm) 36.0 in-lb (4.1 Nm) 42.0 in-lb (4.7 Nm)
Roll
21.0 in-lb (2.4 Nm) 18.0 in-lb (2.1 Nm) 24.0 in-lb (2.7 Nm)
Yaw - Serials w/
60.0 in-lb (6.8 Nm) 57.0 in-lb (6.4 Nm) 63.0 in-lb (7.1 Nm)
Three-Axis Configuration
GSM 86 Slip Clutch Torque
Servo/ Axis
Minimum
Allowable
Nominal
Pitch
39.0 in-lb (4.4 Nm) 33.15 in-lb (2.3 Nm) 44.85 in-lb (5.0 Nm)
Roll
20.0 in-lb (2.3 Nm) 17.0 in-lb (1.9 Nm) 23.0 in-lb (2.6 Nm)
Yaw - Serials w/
61 in-lb (6.9 Nm)
Three-Axis Configuration
8
Maximum
Allowable
51.85 in-lb (5.9 Nm) 70.15 in-lb (7.9 Nm)
If "INCOMPLETE" is displayed or any result exceeds allowable limit, the test for that
servo has failed.
Serials w/ GSM 85A: Perform Adjustment/Test - GSM 85A Servo Mount Torque.
(Refer to 22-12)
Serials w/ GSM 86: Return slip clutch cartridge to Garmin for recalibration.
(3)
9
Press [ENT] key to acknowledge test complete prompt on PFD.
(j)
Repeat selection and test for additional servo(s) as required.
Adjustment/Test - GSM 85A Servo Mount Torque (See Figure 22-127)
The slip-clutch fixture consists of a motor-driven capstan connected by cable to an idler pulley.
At the idler pulley, a torque wrench measures torque applied to the capstan. The observed
torque value is used to adjust the slip-clutch by setting the clutch adjustment nut.
Note:
(a)
For optimal results, temperature conditions of 15° - 25°C (59° - 77°F) with a corresponding relative humidity less than 50% is recommended.
Acquire necessary tools, equipment, and supplies.
Description
Slip-Clutch Adjustment
Fixture
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P/N or Spec.
Supplier
Purpose
011-01085-XX Garmin International, Inc. Torque adjustment.
Olathe, KS 66062
888-606-5482
EFFECTIVITY:
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AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Description
Cable
(b)
P/N or Spec.
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
Supplier
Purpose
233-20001-02 Garmin International, Inc. Torque adjustment.
Olathe, KS 66062
888-606-5482
Blue Point Torque Wrench1
TE6FUE
75 in-lb, 1/4" drive
TE25FUE
200 in-lb, 1/4" drive
Snap-on Incorporated
Kenosha, WI 53143
877-762-7661
Torque adjustment.
Socket, 13/16”
-
Any Source
Torque adjustment.
Wrench, 9/16”
-
Any Source
Torque adjustment.
DC Power Supply,
2 A, 24 V
1. Use applicable torque rating.
Any Source
Provide power.
Set up slip-clutch adjustment fixture.
1
Set MOTOR and SOLENOID switches to OFF position.
2
Loosen fixture clamps and position GSM 85A servo mount onto fixture.
CAUTION:
3
Engage clamps to secure GSM 85A servo mount to fixture.
Note:
4
5
6
9
Do not over-tighten knob. Some cable slack should remain to allow
for approximately 0.25-inch deflection midway between fixture and
servo mount capstans. Deflection can be obtained using finger pressure.
To secure fixture capstan and bearings to fixture, hand tighten wing-nuts on bottom
of fixture while holding top thumb screw ends.
Using 13/16” socket, install torque wrench on top of fixture capstan.
Note:
10
Cable tension will be somewhat loose.
Tighten fixture adjustment knob to increase cable tension.
Note:
8
Adjust clamp height and position as required to ensure servo mount is
secure.
At bottom of fixture capstan, insert swaged ball end of cable into bottom end slot.
Starting at bottom, wrap cable around fixture capstan two full turns.
At center of servo capstan, wrap cable around GSM 85A servo mount capstan two
and one half turns, with cable ball positioned to capstan recess.
At top of fixture capstan, wrap cable around fixture capstan two more full turns.
Insert swaged ball end of cable into top end slot.
Note:
7
Do not force servo mount into position on fixture. Servo mount should
easily be positioned flat on the top of fixture.
Ensure torque wrench is initially set to zero torque before placing it in
the fixture.
Adjust torque wrench support as required to level torque wrench.
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Note:
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
Ensure torque wrench support is secured tightly to prevent movement
of the support when torque is applied.
11
(c)
Connect 24V ±0.5 VDC from electrical power supply to slip-clutch adjustment fixture. Turn power supply on.
12
Set SOLENOID switch to ON position.
13
Set MOTOR switch to CW (clockwise) position.
14
Using 9/16” wrench, adjust castle nut until torque value indicates required setting.
For pitch servo: Adjust slip-clutch.
1
Set MOTOR switch to CCW (counter clockwise) position. Adjust castle nut until
torque value is within 39.0 ±3.0 in-lb (4.4 ±0.6 Nm).
2
Alternate motor direction back and forth and adjust castle nut as required until
torque value of 39.0 ±3.0 in-lb (4.4 ±0.6 Nm) is obtained in both directions.
Note:
Ensure holes in shaft are centered within notches of castle nut.
3
(d)
Run capstan two full turns in each direction while observing the torque reading. If
torque reading does not remain within required range without any adjustment of
castle nut, repeat slip-clutch adjustment.
For roll servo: Adjust slip-clutch.
1
Set MOTOR switch to CCW (counter clockwise) position. Adjust castle nut until
torque value is within 21.0 ±3.0 in-lb (2.4 ±0.3 Nm).
2
Alternate motor direction back and forth and adjust castle nut as required until
torque value of 21.0 ±3.0 in-lb (2.4 ±0.3 Nm) is obtained in both directions.
Note:
Ensure holes in shaft are centered within notches of castle nut.
3
(e)
Run capstan two full turns in each direction while observing the torque reading. If
torque reading does not remain within required range without any adjustment of
castle nut, repeat slip-clutch adjustment.
For yaw servo: Adjust slip-clutch.
1
Set MOTOR switch to CCW (counter clockwise) position. Adjust castle nut until
torque value is within 60.0 ±3.0 in-lb (6.8 ±0.3 Nm).
2
Alternate motor direction back and forth and adjust castle nut as required until
torque value of 60.0 ±3.0 in-lb (6.8 ±0.3 Nm) is obtained in both directions.
Note:
Ensure holes in shaft are centered within notches of castle nut.
3
(f)
(g)
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Run capstan two full turns in each direction while observing the torque reading. If
torque reading does not remain within required range without any adjustment of
castle nut, repeat slip-clutch adjustment.
Determine how much of cotter pin hole diameter is above the castle nut.
If more than half of cotter pin diameter is above the nut castellation, install additional
washer under the nut.
1
Position servo mount with the shaft pointing up.
2
Remove castle nut. Do not disassemble clutch or adjust position of capstan/hub.
3
Install additional washer on top of existing washer.
4
Hand tighten castle nut onto shaft. Install new cotter pin. If castle nut must be
rotated to install cotter pin, verify clutch torque is within recommended torque settings.
EFFECTIVITY:
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AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
CAUTION:
(h)
(n)
(o)
To avoid torque wrench damage, relieve cable tension before turning off
solenoid. Failure to do so may subject torque wrench to large shock loads.
Relieve cable tension.
1
Set MOTOR switch to OFF position.
2
Briefly set MOTOR switch to opposite direction of previous operation for approximately ½ second or until tension is relieved in cable.
3
Set MOTOR switch to OFF position.
Note:
(i)
(j)
(k)
(l)
(m)
MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
The tension is relieved when torque wrench is loosened in the torque
wrench support. Also, torque wrench reading should be zero or close
to zero.
4
Set SOLENOID switch to OFF position.
Disconnect electrical power supply from the slip-clutch adjustment fixture.
Remove bolts securing torque wrench support to fixture.
Loosen thumbscrews and wing-nuts securing fixture capstan and bearings to fixture.
Rotate fixture adjustment knob to loosen cable tension.
Remove swaged ball end from top end slot of fixture capstan and unwrap cable from servo
mount capstan.
Remove swaged ball end from bottom end slot of fixture capstan and remove cable.
Disengage clamps to remove GSM 85A servo mount from fixture.
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MODELS SR22 AND SR22T
6
9
OFF
CCW
2
5
OFF
CW
ON
7
MOTOR
SOLENOID
8
OFF
ON
ID
NO
LE
SO
W
CC
OFF
CW
R
TO
MO
3
10
4
2
Intentionally Left Blank
1
NOTE
Do not force GSM 85A servo mount onto fixture.
Engage clamps as required to secure GSM 85A servo.
Insert swaged ball end of cable into bottom and top end slot of fixture capstan.
Verify torque wrench is initially set to zero torque before securing it to the fixture.
Adjust torque wrench support as required to ensure torque wrench is level and
secured tightly to prevent movement.
Adjust fixture adjustment knob to allow for approximately 0.25 inch deflection
(using finger pressure) midway between the fixture capstan and the
GSM 85A servo mount capstan. Do not over-tighten knob.
LEGEND
1. Slip-Clutch Adjustment Fixture
2. GSM 85A Servo Mount
3. Fixture Capstan
4. Cable
5. Torque Wrench
6. Torque Wrench Support
7. Fixture Adjustment Knob
8. Clamp
9. Solenoid/ Motor Switches
10. Thumbscrew
Hand tighten attaching parts securing fixture capstan to fixture.
SR22_MM22_2798
Figure 22-127
Adjustment/Test - GSM 85A Servo Mount Torque - Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
22-12
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31 May 2011
EFFECTIVITY:
Serials w/ Perspective Avionics
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