HD220 PDF Manual-1-07
Owner’s Manual
Model HD220
STEREO POWER AMPLIFIER
3900 ANNAPOLIS LANE NORTH / PLYMOUTH, MINNESOTA 55447-5447 / PHONE: 763-577-9700 FAX: 763-577-0323
Contents
Model HD220
Section
Page No.
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Packaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Vacuum Tubes and Preparation for Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Panel Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Use of Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2, 3
Balanced Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Single-Ended Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Remote Turn-on Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Operating Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3, 4
Start-Up Following “Protect” Shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Cooling Fans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Hour Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Disposal and Recycling Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Warranty Terms and Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Model HD220
HD220
HIGH DEFINITION ®
HYBRID DRIVE
POWER AMPLIFI ER
POWER
LEFT
RIGHT
PLYMOUTH, MINNESOTA
MADE IN U.S.A.
IN
OUT
SINGLE
ENDED
SINGLE
ENDED
BALANCED
+12V
REMOTE TURN ON
BALANCED
HD220
RISK OF HAZARDOUS ENERGY!
MAKE PROPER SPEAKER CONNECTIONS
SEE OWNERS MANUAL
WARNING!
WARNING!
RISK OF HAZARDOUS ENERGY!
MAKE PROPER SPEAKER CONNECTIONS
SEE OWNERS MANUAL
–
S T ER E O AM PL I F IE R
WARNING
+
–
TO PREVENT FIRE AND SHOCK HAZARD, DO NOT
EXPOSE THIS DEVICE TO RAIN OR MOISTURE.
UNIT MUST BE OPERATED IN A HORIZONTAL POSITION.
- DO NOT OPERATE WITH COVERS REMOVED UNIT CONTAINS VOLTAGES WHICH MAY BE HAZARDOUS
CAUTION
FOR CONTINUED PROTECTION AGAINST
FIRE HAZARD REPLACE FUSE ONLY
WITH SAME TYPE AND RATING
1200 W MAX
50 / 60 HZ ~
VOLTS
8A FUSE
SLO-BLO
T4A (230V)
SERIAL
+
Model HD220
Preface
Warning!
Please take time to carefully read and understand the
following instructions before you install or attempt to operate this equipment. Becoming familiar with the product
and its correct operating procedures will help assure you of
maximum musical enjoyment and reliable operation. The
effort you invest now will be well rewarded in the years
ahead
Read Owner's Manual before installing or operating
this product!
Packaging
Save all packaging accompanying this product. You have
purchased a precision electronic instrument, and it should
be properly cartoned any time shipment becomes necessary. It is very possible that this unit could be damaged
during shipment if repackaged in cartoning other than that
designed for it. The original packaging materials help protect your investment from unnecessary damage, delay and
added expense whenever shipment of this unit is required.
Accessories
1 – Phillips head screwdriver for cover removal
1 – Plastic screwdriver for bias adjustments
User replaceable spare fuses include:
1 – 8 Amp MDL slo-blo with 120V units or 100V units
1 – T4A 250V slo-blo with 220V/240V units
Warnings
1. Do not touch hot tubes. Keep away from children.
2. To prevent fire or shock hazard, do not expose your
HD220 to rain or moisture.
3. This unit contains voltages which can cause serious
injury or death. Do not operate with covers removed.
Refer servicing to your authorized Audio Research dealer
or other qualified personnel.
4. The 12-gauge, 3-conductor detachable power cord on
your HD220 is equipped with a standard 3-prong
grounding plug. If used normally, it will provide a safe
earth ground connection of the chassis. Refer to the
section on “AC Power Connections” for detailed
information.
5. For continued protection against fire hazard,
replace fuses only with the same type and rating of fuses
as specified.
Do not attempt to install or remove any vacuum
tubes unless this unit is turned off and disconnected
from the A.C. power outlet. Unit should be connected to the A.C. outlet and turned on only after all
vacuum tubes have been installed and appropriate
panels have been replaced and fastened. See
owner's manual for installation instructions.
Before replacing vacuum tubes, turn off unit, disconnect from A.C. outlet and allow installed tubes to
cool before attempting to remove them. Hot tubes
may cause burns or other injury if not allowed to
cool before removal.
When removing or installing tubes, do not touch tube
socket contacts or other components as the circuit
may retain sufficient levels of voltage and current to
cause injury or death.
Contact your dealer or Audio Research Customer
Service (763-577-9700) if you have any questions
about installing or replacing vacuum tubes in this
unit.
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO OPERATE THIS
EQUIPMENT BEFORE INSTALLING THE NUMBERED
VACUUM TUBES IN THEIR RESPECTIVE SOCKETS.
REAR
TUBE LOCATIONS
TOP VIEW
V4
6H30 –( T a l l er)– 6H30
V3
V2
6922 – (Sh o r t er) – 6922
V1
FRONT
1
Model HD220
Vacuum Tubes and Preparation for Use
Your HD220 amplifier is shipped with the vacuum tubes
packed in a foam block. These must be unpacked and
installed before you attempt to operate the amplifier
Included are two 6922 dual triodes, and two 6H30 dual
triodes used in the input/ driver stage. Proceed according to
the following instructions.
Carefully remove each vacuum tube from the protective
foam and match its location “V” number (written on the
base of the tube) to the “V” number printed next to each
socket. Firmly seat each tube in its matching socket, taking
care to “key” the tube pins to the socket holes. Retain the
foam blocks with other packing materials for possible
future use. Refasten top cover on amplifier.
Due to its weight, this amplifier must be supported on a
surface specifically rated for such a load. Check with the
manufacturer of your support system to be sure it is rated
to handle this weight.
If the unit is to be operated in an enclosure such as an
equipment rack, make certain that adequate air flow above
and to each side of the unit is provided. The “ambient”
operating temperature should never exceed 120º F or 49º C.
Improper installation will cause premature tube failure and
will affect your warranty, as well as the service life of the
unit.
Life expectancy of the vacuum tubes in the HD220 is up to
4000 hours.
It is normal for the HD220 power amplifier to run moderately warm to the touch. All components within are operated at safe, conservative levels and will not be improperly
affected, providing the requirements outlined above are
adhered to. (Also see “Cooling Fans” section, page 4.)
Panel Controls
Connections
The front panel has:
The rear panel has:
1 – Switch:
1 – Indicator:
1 – Indicator:
2 – RCA input connectors, for single-ended connections,
L&R
2 – XLR input connectors, for balanced connection, L & R
4 – Output binding posts, (+) and (-), L & R
1 – Power line fuseholder
1 – Power line cord IEC connector for removable power
cord (supplied)
2 – 12V remote start in and out jacks
2 – Switches for XLR or RCA input operation, L & R
1 - Power line On-Off
1 - Power "on" LED (Green)
1 - Warmup "standby" LED (Yellow)
Use of Controls
POWER-ON SWITCH: Initiates/terminates AC line power
to the amplifier. For first 40 seconds at turn on, yellow
“standby” LED illuminates until unit is warmed up, then green
“on” LED illuminates.
Note: Audio Research does not recommend leaving your
HD220 “on” 24 hours a day as is the custom of some audiophiles to achieve maximum sonic performance on demand.
While this is often recommended for solid-state equipment,
Audio Research does not recommend this procedure for
hybrid or vacuum tube power amplifiers. (2,000 hours of
tube life will elapse in 84 days!)
Installation
To insure normal component life and safe operation this
unit must be operated only in an upright position .
Adequate air flow and proper cooling can occur only if
there is no restriction above and behind the unit and on
either side. Be sure that airflow to the 12V D. C. cooling
fans located on the rear panel is not blocked.
The special non-marring elastomer feet provide adequate
spacing and stability only on a smooth, hard surface. For
upright stability, never operate the unit while it is sitting
on a soft surface such as a thick rug or carpet.
2
IMPORTANT: Use the best available speaker wires and
interconnects. Audio Research cannot emphasize this
enough. As better components and systems are developed,
it becomes increasingly important to avoid the limitations
of inferior system interconnections.
It is important sonically that your entire system be connected so that the audio signal arriving at the speakers has
correct absolute polarity or phase (i.e. is not inverted).
Connect the black or (-) speaker terminal to the wire that
connects to the appropriate-channel (-) gold binding post
on the amplifier. Connect the red or (+) speaker terminal to
the wire that connects to the appropriate-channel (+) binding post on the HD220. Tighten the binding posts firmly to
assure good contact for best sonic results.
For “b i - w i r ed” loudspeaker systems (i.e. running separate
wires to bass and treble speaker terminals), simply repeat
the above instructions, taking care that all connections
have the same (+) or (-) polarity.
Model HD220
Connect the HD220 input to the preamplifier or
electronic crossover, using only the highest grade of audio
interconnect cables. To avoid sonic degradation use the
shortest practical length of cables.
A.C. POWER CONNECTIONS: It is important that the
HD220 be connected via its supplied 20 amp IEC 12-gauge
power cord to a secure, dedicated A.C. power receptacle.
Never connect to convenience power receptacles on other
equipment. Only use the power switch on the front of the
HD220 for On/Off control of the amplifier, or the 12V startup trigger for remote installations.
The AC power source for the HD220 amplifier should be
capable of supplying 10 amperes for 100 or 120 volt units,
or 5 amperes for 220 or 240 volt units.
For the very best performance on domestic 100 or 120 volt
circuits, the HD220 should be connected to its own AC
power circuit branch, protected by a 15 amp breaker. The
preamplifier and other audio equipment should be
connected to a different power circuit and breaker.
The HD220 should be turned on after the other components of your system. If the HD220 is turned on before
other components, the amplifier will amplify any extraneous turn-on noises those components might generate,
which could potentially damage the loudspeakers. Good
operating practice dictates that the amplifier should be
turned on last, and turned off first in an audio system.
The HD220 uses a grounding system that does not require
a ground-lifter adaptor plug on the A. C. power cord to minimize hum. The power cord supplied with the
HD220 has a standard grounding plug to provide maximum
safety when properly connected to a grounded wall receptacle. If there is any question regarding proper grounding
procedures in your installation, seek help from a qualified
technician. Caution should be taken before using custom
after-market power cords: they must be at least
12-gauge and have a standard grounding plug properly
installed. These power cords are to be used with caution, at
the sole risk of the owner.
If electronic crossovers or other AC powered equipment is
used with the HD220 it may be necessary to use “ground
lifter” adapters on the power plugs of that equipment to
minimize system hum. Generally, the lowest hum is
achieved when the only direct connection between audio
common “ground” and true earth ground occurs in the
preamplifier, through its grounded power cord. Other
equipment in the system should have some form of isolation to prevent ground loops and associated hum.
Balanced Operation
B a l a n c ed inputs can be used with a preamplifier (or
electronic crossover, etc.) having balanced outputs. When
using the balanced inputs, set two rear-panel toggles to
BAL position. Disconnect any single-ended cables.
Single-Ended Operation
Single-ended inputs should be used with a preamplifier (or
electronic crossover, etc.) having single-ended outputs
which does not invert overall phase or polarity. When
using single-ended inputs, set two rear-panel toggles to SE
position. Disconnect any balanced cables.
Always place the power on-off switch on the panel
of the HD220 in the “Off ” position before connect ing the power line cord to AC power.
Remote Turn-on Connections
The HD220 has a built-in 12VDC remote turn-on/off circuit
for operation by a master control system in a home theater
or large audio system. Use a 3.5mm (.140") diameter mono
mini plug to connect to the +12V IN jack on the rear of the
HD220. Two identical paralleled jacks are provided to allow
chaining connections to control two or more HD220s or
other equipment.
The +12V IN jack should be connected to the +12VDC
output of the master control system, using a continuous
+12VDC signal at 12mA per HD220 for the duration of amplifier on-time. Do not use a momentary or data pulse control signal.
The front power rocker switch on the HD220 must be off
to use the remote turn-on. The front power rocker switch
may still be used when the remote turn-on is connected,
but the remote will not turn the HD220 off if the front
power rocker switch is left on. The front power rocker
switch will not turn the HD220 off if the remote system
is on.
The +12VDC remote jacks have polarity protection, so they
will not operate if a -12VDC signal is accidentally connected, or if the control wires are reversed. The 12V remote
relay in the HD220 has click suppression to protect circuits
in the master control system.
Operating Procedure
Start-Up:
1. Secure input connection between the amplifier and your
preamplifier; attach speaker leads to the appropriate
output terminals.
2. Attach supplied power cord to rear IEC inlet of amplifier,
and plug other end into grounded A. C. power receptacle.
3
Model HD220
3. Turn on preamp and all other components; mute preamp
output.
4. Turn HD220 front-panel control from off to
on. Yellow “standby” warmup LED will light for 40
seconds, then green “on” LED will light and amp is ready
to play.
5. Unmute preamplifier output, initiate source component
signal, and adjust gain as appropriate.
Shut-Down:
1. Mute preamplifier output.
2. Turn HD220 front-panel control from Operate to Off.
3. Turn off preamplifier and then the associated input
source components.
Start-Up Following “Protect” Shutdown
The HD220 amplifier uses a sophisticated, non-fused
sensing circuit to protect the amplifier from D C at the
output. This circuit also helps prevent damage to your
loudspeakers.
When the amplifier senses a fault condition in either channel from excessive D C it will automatically shut off left and
right outputs from the amplifier, and indicate this condition by extinguishing the green power LED. When the fault
condition is ended, the amp will go through the 40 second
warmup cycle (yellow LED “on”) before resuming normal
operation indicated by green LED “on”
If the amplifier fails to resume normal operation after
attempting resetting due to a fault condition, contact your
authorized dealer for further assistance.
Servicing
Because of its careful design and exacting standards
of manufacture, your HD220 amplifier should
normally require only minimal service to maintain its high
level of performance.
CAUTION: The HD220 amplifier contains sufficient levels
of voltage and current to be lethal. Do not tamper with a
component or part inside the unit. Even with the power
turned off, a charge remains in the energy storage capacitors for some time. Refer any needed service to your authorized Audio Research dealer or other qualified technician.
Additional questions regarding the operation, maintenance
or servicing of your amplifier may be referred to the
Customer Service Department of Audio Research Corporation at 763-577-9700 ( C ST ). When ordering a service
manual from Audio Research or an authorized dealer, be
sure to identify the serial number on your amplifier.
Cleaning
To maintain the new appearance of this amplifier, occasionally wipe the front panel and top cover with a soft, damp
(not wet) cloth to remove dust. A mild, non-alkaline soap
solution may be used to remove fingerprints or similar
smudges. Cleaners containing abrasives should not be used
as they will damage the anodized finish of the front panel.
A small, soft paint brush is effective in removing dust from
bevels, the recessed nameplate and other features of the
front panel.
Cooling Fans
There are two D.C. cooling fans located at the rear of the
HD220 to maintain proper operating temperature of the
output devices. Do not operate the HD220 with fans
disconnected or if one or both fans should stop running.
Hour Meter
An LCD hour meter of elapsed tube operating time can be
viewed through the top cover near the center, on the front
circuit board. Displays accumulated hours of vacuum-tube
service life. If the amplifier is unplugged from A.C. supply,
total accumulated hours are retained. May be reset by qualified technician. Contact Audio Research Customer Service
for more information about reset procedure.
Disposal and Recycling Guidelines
To dispose of this electronic product, do not place in landfill. In accordance with the European Union Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) directive effective
August 2005, this product may contain regulated materials
which upon disposal require special reuse and recycling
processing.
Please contact your dealer or importing distributor for
instructions on proper disposal of this product in your
country. Or, contact Audio Research Corporation (763-5779700) for the name of your importing distributor and how
to contact them.
Packing and shipping materials may be disposed of in a
normal manner.
4
Model HD220
Limited Warranty
Specifications
Audio Research Corporation products are covered by a
3-Year Limited Warranty or a 90-Day Limited Warranty
(vacuum tubes). This Limited Warranty initiates from the
date of purchase, and is limited to the original purchaser, or
in the case of demonstration equipment, limited to the
balance of warranty remaining after original shipment to
the retailer or importer.
POWER OUTPUT: 220 watts per channel into 8 ohms from
20Hz to 20kHz. 380 watts per channel into 4 ohms.
In the United States, the specific terms, conditions and
remedies for fulfillment of this Limited Warranty are listed
on the warranty card accompanying the product in its shipping carton, or may be obtained from the authorized
retailer or from the Audio Research Customer Service
Department. Outside the United States, the authorized
importing retailer or distributor has accepted the responsibility for warranty of Audio Research products sold by
them. The specific terms and remedies for fulfillment of
the Limited Warranty may vary from country to country.
Warranty service should normally be obtained from the
importing retailer or distributor from whom the product
was purchased.
POWER BANDWIDTH: (-3dB points) 2Hz to 80kHz.
FREQUENCY RESPONSE: (-3dB points at 1 watt)
0.5Hz to 200kHz.
INPUT SENSITIVITY: 4.0V RMS BAL for
rated output. (20.8 dB Bal gain into 8 ohms.)
INPUT IMPEDANCE: 300K ohms Balanced, 150k ohms SE.
OUTPUT POLARITY: Non-inverting. Balanced input pin 2+
(IEC-268).
OUTPUT REGULATION: Approximately 0.07dB 8 ohm load
to open circuit (Damping factor approximately130).
OVERALL NEGATIVE FEEDBACK: None.
SLEW RATE: 20 volts/microsecond.
RISE TIME: 1.6 microseconds.
In the unlikely event that technical service beyond the ability of the importer is required, Audio Research will fulfill
the terms and conditions of the Limited Warranty. Such
product must be returned at the purchaser's expense to the
Audio Research factory, along with a photocopy of the
dated purchase receipt for the product, a written description of the problem(s) encountered, and any information
necessary for return shipment. The cost of return shipment
is the responsibility of the purchaser.
HUM & NOISE: Less than 0.1mV RMS – 112dB below rated
output (IHF weighted, input shorted).
POWER SUPPLY CAPACITANCE: 200,000 uF.
POWER REQUIREMENTS: 105-125VAC 60Hz (210-250VAC
50Hz) 750 watts at rated output (220 WPC 8 ohms) 1200
watts max (380 WPC 4 ohms) 250 watts idle.
TUBES REQUIRED: 2 – 6H30 Driver, 2 – 6922 Voltage amp.
DIMENSIONS : 19" (48.3 cm) W x 8.75" (22.2 cm) H x 19.5"
(49.5 cm) D. Handles extend 1.5" (3.8 cm) forward.
WEIGHT: 58.9 lbs. (26.8 kg) Net; 73.8 lbs. ( 33.6 kg ) Shipping.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
©2007 Audio Research Corporation.
5
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