Technical Manual

Technical Manual
Technical Manual
Models
735
935
1035
Signature Series Technical Manual
TABLE OF CONTENTS
About this Manual ............................................................................................................................................................................4
Series Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................4
System Data Sheets ..........................................................................................................................................................................5
Model 735..................................................................................................................................................................................5
Model 935..................................................................................................................................................................................6
Model 1035................................................................................................................................................................................7
Setting Your System..........................................................................................................................................................................8
Salt Dosage Set-up Charts..........................................................................................................................................................9
Manual Regeneration .................................................................................................................................................................... 10
Detailed Operation / Function....................................................................................................................................................... 11
Level 1 Operation ................................................................................................................................................................... 11
Standard Meter Nozzle ........................................................................................................................................................... 11
Meter Gearing ........................................................................................................................................................................ 11
Regeneration Pawls ................................................................................................................................................................ 11
Jet Regeneration ..................................................................................................................................................................... 12
Control Disc............................................................................................................................................................................. 12
Actuator Indicator................................................................................................................................................................... 12
Water Meter Disc ................................................................................................................................................................... 12
Lower Valving Section............................................................................................................................................................. 13
Level 6 ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 14
Media Tank ............................................................................................................................................................................. 14
Resin ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 14
Upper / Lower Distributors..................................................................................................................................................... 14
Riser Tube ............................................................................................................................................................................... 14
Brine Tank ............................................................................................................................................................................... 14
Brine Valve .............................................................................................................................................................................. 14
Valve Assembly ......................................................................................................................................................................... 15-17
Cap Assembly ........................................................................................................................................................................... 18-19
Regeneration Sequence ................................................................................................................................................................ 20
Alternating, Downflow Regeneration Sequence ............................................................................................................... 20-21
System Components ...................................................................................................................................................................... 22
In / Out Adapters .................................................................................................................................................................... 22
In / Out Adapter Kits ............................................................................................................................................................... 23
In / Out Adapter Components ................................................................................................................................................ 23
System By-pass ....................................................................................................................................................................... 24
Misc......................................................................................................................................................................................... 24
Accessories ............................................................................................................................................................................. 24
Troubleshooting ............................................................................................................................................................................ 25
Ten Steps to Determine the Problem ................................................................................................................................ 25-27
Hard Water ............................................................................................................................................................................. 28
Frequent Regeneration........................................................................................................................................................... 29
Unit Stuck in Cycle .................................................................................................................................................................. 29
Run to Drain ............................................................................................................................................................................ 30
Salty Water ............................................................................................................................................................................. 31
High Salt Use ........................................................................................................................................................................... 31
Equipment Noise .................................................................................................................................................................... 31
Iron/Manganese Bleed-through ............................................................................................................................................. 32
Taste, Color, and Odor ............................................................................................................................................................ 32
Pressure Loss .......................................................................................................................................................................... 33
Leaks ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 33
Parts ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 34
Standard Units ........................................................................................................................................................................ 34
Level One Assembly ........................................................................................................................................................... 35-36
Gearing Stacks ........................................................................................................................................................................ 37
Level Two and Three Assemblies ............................................................................................................................................ 38
Level Four Assembly ............................................................................................................................................................... 39
Level Five Assembly ................................................................................................................................................................ 40
Bases, Tanks, and Tubes ......................................................................................................................................................... 41
Brine Drums ................................................................................................................................................................................... 42
18 x 35 Brine Drum Assembly ................................................................................................................................................. 43
12 x 40 Brine Drum Assembly ................................................................................................................................................. 44
12 x 16 x 20 Brine Drum Assembly ......................................................................................................................................... 45
Signature Series Technical Manual
About this Manual
This manual provides additional technical information regarding Kinetico Signature Series softeners. This additional
technical information gives guidance for the advanced service and set-up of these products.
Series Overview
Kinetico Signature Series water softeners are the ultimate water conditioning solution. Knowing that water and
electricity don’t mix, it just makes sense (and is brilliant) that these systems operate without the use of electricity.
Engineered to tackle your tough water challenges, Signature Series water softeners work more efficiently and reliably
without electrical components or computers that need to be set, adjusted, repaired or replaced.
Automatic, Metered Regenerations
Designed with today’s demanding households and larger plumbing in mind, Signature Series softeners deliver generous
flow rates without forfeiting water softness. And the multiple-tank system design assures you have around-the-clock
soft water, even during the regeneration (cleaning) process. One tank is always in service while the other tank is either
on standby or regenerating. Signature Series systems regenerate at any time of the day or night to ensure you will
always have a supply of soft water. Single-tank systems simply can’t offer this. So if you have a house full of guests or are
running multiple loads of laundry, you’ll never run out of soft water. And if you’re away from home, the system stays
ready without wasting water or salt.
Series Range
Three models of the Signature Series are available:
Tank Size
Flow Rate
Resin Type
Maximum Hardness
Brine Tank
Model 735
Model 935
Model 1035
7” x 35”
8 gpm
Standard Mesh Cation
40 gpg
18” x 35”
9” x 35”
9 gpm
Standard Mesh Cation
60 gpg
18” x 35”
10” x 35”
10 gpm
Standard Mesh Cation
80 gpg
18” x 35”
Series Overview
(4)
Signature Series Technical Manual
System Data Sheets
Model 735
Design Specifications
Flow Range (15/30 psig / 1-2 Δ bar)
Flow Configuration
Pressure Range
Temperature Range
pH Range
Free Chlorine Cl2 (Max.)
Hardness as CaCO3 (Max.)
8 – 12 gpm
30 - 45 Lpm
Alternating
15 – 125 psi Dynamic Pressure
1.0 – 8.6 bar Dynamic Pressure
35 – 120o F
2 – 50o C
5 – 10 SU
0.0 mg/L
40 gpg
684 mg/L
1.75” / 44.5 mm
System Components
7” x 35”
178 mm x 889 mm
Wrapped Polyethylene
0.70 cubic feet
19.8 liters
Standard Mesh Cation Resin
0.50 cubic feet
14.2 liters
23”
584 mm
12”
305 mm
1” ABS
0.014” Slots, ABS Basket
0.36 mm Slots, ABS Basket
0.014” Slots, ABS Basket
0.36 mm Slots, ABS Basket
None
Non-electric Use Meter
Countercurrent
0.5 - 15.0 gpm
1.90 – 57 Lpm
41” / 1,041 mm
Media Vessel (Qty. 2)
Media Vessel Construction
Empty Bed Volume
Media Type
Media Volume
Total Bed Depth
Free Board
Riser Tube
Upper Distributor
Lower Distributor
Under bedding
Regeneration Control
Regeneration Type
Metering Flow Range
Connections
Inlet / Outlet Connections
Drain Connection
Brine Line Connection
Power
Custom Adapter and Bracket
0.5” Tube
0.375” Tube
None
System Part Numbers
Signature 735, 18 x 35 brine drum
Signature 735, no brine drum
Signature 735, no brine drum, no resin
15063
15064
15065
Dimensions and Weight
Height
Width
Depth
Shipping Weight
Operating Weight
41 in.
15 in.
7 in.
105 lbs.
140 lbs.
1,041 mm
381 mm
178 mm
47.6 kg
64 kg
15” / 381 mm
7” / 178 mm
Regeneration Specifications
Regeneration Volume
Regeneration Time
Backwash Flow Control
Brine Refill Flow Control
29 gallons
110 liters
40 minutes
1.40 gpm
0.40 gpm
5.3 Lpm
1.5 Lpm
Brine Tank Options
Tank Description
12” x 16” x 20”
12” x 40”
7202
1479B
Brine Tank Part Number
Tank Height
Tank Footprint
15062
20”
51 cm
40”
102 cm
35”
89 cm
12” x 16”
30 x 41 cm
12” DIA
30 cm DIA
18” DIA
46 cm DIA
23 kg
100 lbs
45 kg
250 lbs
Material
HDPE
Salt Capacity
18” x 35”
50 lbs
HDPE
HDPE
113 kg
Meter Disc
Salt Setting
Capacity
Efficiency
Dosing
1
lbs./ft3
0.06 kg/l
4
0.10 kg/l
5
Gallons Between Regeneration
1,200
Liters Between Regeneration
4,543
*1.8 lb.
0.82 kg
7,515 grains
487 grams
4,175 gr./lb
594 grams/kg
3.8
3.0 lb.
1.36 kg
10,614 grains
688 grams
3,538 gr./lb
505 grams/kg
6.4 lbs./ft3
*Setting Certified by WQA
System Data Sheets
(5)
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
8
12
16
20
23
26
30
11
17
22
27
31
36
40
600
400
300
250
200
171
150
2,271
1,514
1,136
946
757
647
568
Signature Series Technical Manual
Model 935
Design Specifications
Flow Range (15/30 psig / 1-2 Δ bar)
Flow Configuration
Pressure Range
Temperature Range
pH Range
Free Chlorine Cl2 (Max.)
Hardness as CaCO3 (Max.)
9 – 14 gpm
34.1 - 53 Lpm
Alternating
15 – 125 psi Dynamic Pressure
1.0 – 8.6 bar Dynamic Pressure
35 – 120o F
2 – 50o C
5 – 10 SU
0.0 mg/L
60 gpg
1,026 mg/L
1.75” / 44.5 mm
System Components
9” x 35”
229 mm x 889 mm
Wrapped Polyethylene
1.1 cubic feet
31.1 liters
Standard Mesh Cation Resin
0.75 cubic feet
21.2 liters
23”
584 mm
12”
305 mm
1” ABS
25 mm ABS
0.014” Slots, ABS Basket
0.36 mm Slots, ABS Basket
0.014” Slots, ABS Basket
0.36 mm Slots, ABS Basket
None
Non-electric Use Meter
Countercurrent
0.5 - 15.0 gpm
1.90 – 57 Lpm
41” / 1,041 mm
Media Vessel (Qty. 2)
Media Vessel Construction
Empty Bed Volume
Media Type
Media Volume
Total Bed Depth
Free Board
Riser Tube
Upper Distributor
Lower Distributor
Under bedding
Regeneration Control
Regeneration Type
Metering Flow Range
Connections
Inlet / Outlet Connections
Drain Connection
Brine Line Connection
Power
Custom Adapter and Bracket
0.5” Tube
0.375” Tube
None
System Part Numbers
Signature 935, 18 x 35 brine drum
Signature 935, no brine drum
Signature 935, no brine drum, no resin
15112
15113
15114
Dimensions and Weight
Height
Width
Depth
Shipping Weight
Operating Weight
41 in.
21 in.
9 in.
135 lbs.
180 lbs.
1,041 mm
533 mm
229 mm
61 kg
81.7 kg
19” / 483 mm
9” / 229 mm
Regeneration Specifications
Regeneration Volume
Regeneration Time
Backwash Flow Control
Brine Refill Flow Control
42 gallons
159 liters
45 minutes
2.00 gpm
0.40 gpm
7.6 Lpm
1.5 Lpm
Brine Tank Options
Tank Description
12” x 16” x 20”
12” x 40”
7202
1479B
Brine Tank Part Number
Tank Height
Tank Footprint
15062
20”
51 cm
40”
102 cm
35”
89 cm
12” x 16”
30 x 41 cm
12” DIA
30 cm DIA
18” DIA
46 cm DIA
23 kg
100 lbs
45 kg
250 lbs
Material
HDPE
Salt Capacity
18” x 35”
50 lbs
HDPE
HDPE
113 kg
Meter Disc
Salt Setting
Capacity
Efficiency
Dosing
1
2
0.07 kg/l
7
0.09kg/l
9
Gallons Between Regeneration
Liters Between Regeneration
lbs./ft3
3.3 lb.
1.5 kg
13,778 grains
893 grams
4,175 gr./lb
594 grams/kg
4.4
4.4 lb.
2 kg
15,957 grains
1,036 grams
3,626 gr./lb
518 grams/kg
5.9 lbs./ft3
System Data Sheets
(6)
3
4
5
6
7
8
15
22
28
34
40
45
50
18
26
34
41
48
54
60
1,200
600
400
300
250
200
171
150
4,543
2,271
1,514
1,116
946
757
647
568
Signature Series Technical Manual
Model 1035
Design Specifications
Flow Range (15/30 psig / 1-2 Δ bar)
Flow Configuration
Pressure Range
Temperature Range
pH Range
Free Chlorine Cl2 (Max.)
Hardness as CaCO3 (Max.)
10 – 15 gpm
38 – 57 Lpm
Alternating
15 – 125 psi Dynamic Pressure
1.0 – 8.6 bar Dynamic Pressure
35 – 120o F
2 – 50o C
5 – 10 SU
0.0 mg/L
80 gpg
1,368 mg/L
1.75” / 44.5 mm
System Components
10” x 35”
254 mm x 889 mm
Wrapped Polyethylene
1.3 cubic feet
36.8 liters
Standard Mesh Cation Resin
1.0 cubic feet
28.3 liters
23”
584 mm
12”
305 mm
1” ABS
25 mm ABS
0.014” Slots, ABS Basket
0.36 mm Slots, ABS Basket
0.014” Slots, ABS Basket
0.36 mm Slots, ABS Basket
None
Non-electric Use Meter
Countercurrent
0.5 - 15.0 gpm
1.90 – 57 Lpm
41” / 1,041 mm
Media Vessel (Qty. 2)
Media Vessel Construction
Empty Bed Volume
Media Type
Media Volume
Total Bed Depth
Free Board
Riser Tube
Upper Distributor
Lower Distributor
Under bedding
Regeneration Control
Regeneration Type
Metering Flow Range
Connections
Inlet / Outlet Connections
Drain Connection
Brine Line Connection
Power
Custom Adapter and Bracket
0.5” Tube
0.375” Tube
None
System Part Numbers
Signature 1035, 18 x 35 brine drum
Signature 1035, no brine drum
Signature 1035, no brine drum, no resin
15105
15107
15106
Dimensions and Weight
Height
Width
Depth
Shipping Weight
Operating Weight
41 in.
21 in.
10 in.
170 lbs.
220 lbs.
1,041 mm
381 mm
254 mm
77 kg
100 kg
21” / 533 mm
10” / 254 mm
Regeneration Specifications
Regeneration Volume
Regeneration Time
Backwash Flow Control
Brine Refill Flow Control
42 gallons
159 liters
45 minutes
2.00 gpm
0.40 gpm
7.6 Lpm
1.5 Lpm
Brine Tank Options
Tank Description
12” x 16” x 20”
12” x 40”
7202
1479B
Brine Tank Part Number
Tank Height
Tank Footprint
15062
20”
51 cm
40”
102 cm
35”
89 cm
12” x 16”
30 x 41 cm
12” DIA
30 cm DIA
18” DIA
46 cm DIA
23 kg
100 lbs
45 kg
250 lbs
Material
HDPE
Salt Capacity
18” x 35”
50 lbs
HDPE
HDPE
113 kg
Meter Disc
Salt Setting
Capacity
Efficiency
Dosing
1
2
0.06 kg/l
9
0.10 kg/l
12
Gallons Between Regeneration
Liters Between Regeneration
4.0 lb.
1.8 kg
18,371 grains
1,190 grams
4,592 gr./lb
661 grams/kg
4.0 lbs./ft3
6.0 lb.
2.7 kg
21,276 grains
1,379 grams
3,546 gr./lb
510 grams/kg
6.0 lbs./ft3
System Data Sheets
(7)
3
4
5
6
7
8
18
26
34
41
48
54
60
24
34
45
54
63
72
80
1,200
600
400
300
250
200
171
150
4,543
2,271
1,514
1,136
946
757
647
568
Signature Series Technical Manual
Setting Your System
1) Test Your Water
The first and most important step in setting your system is to start with a proper water test. At a minimum, water should
be tested for hardness and iron. These two contaminants play a critical role in the operation of your softener. Hardness
will be measure in gpg, mg/L or degrees hardness, and iron will be measured in mg/L. When measuring iron, a total iron
amount is needed; however, one should note whether the iron is in the ferrous (clear water) or ferric (precipitated)form.
Iron in the ferrous form will be removed by ion exchange and will need to be included with your loading calculation to
determine your compensated hardness:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Hardness in gpg + (3 x Iron in mg/L) = compensated hardness in gpg
Hardness in mg/L + (51 x Iron in mg/L) = compensated hardness in mg/L
Hardness in ppm + (51 x Iron in mg/L) = compensated hardness in ppm
Hardness in ⁰dH + (3 x Iron in mg/L) = compensated hardness in ⁰dH
Hardness in ⁰fH + (5 x Iron in mg/L) = compensated hardness in ⁰fH
Flow Rate
Maximum Compensated Hardness
735
8 gpm
40 gpg
935
9 gpm
60 gpg
1035
10 gpm
80 gpg
2) Select Your Brine Tank
Based on your selected salt dose, use either a standard brine tank, or an optional tank. The selection of your brine tank
may depend on the space available for the installation or the desired amount of stored salt, which will impact the frequency
of adding more salt.
Brine Tank Size
12 x 16 x 20
12 x 40
18 x 35
X = dosage available
Capacity
75 lbs.
100 lbs.
250 lbs.
1.8 3.0 3.3 4.0 4.4 6.0
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
3) Adjust Your Salt Dose
There are two components to setting your salt dose, the adjuster tube and
the float cup. To create the proper salt dosage, both adjuster tube and
float cup need to be set. In some brining systems, no adjuster tube may be
used.
a. Adjuster Tube
The adjuster tube is set by cutting and removing tabs on both
sides of the tube. Using a pocket-knife, cut across each tab
horizontally following the channel in the plastic, and break off
each tab individually until the proper setting is reached. The
remaining number or letter imprinted on the tab determines the
correct setting. The drawing at right shows an adjuster tube at
setting "M".
b. Float Cup
The float cup is set by adjusting its height above the bottom
of the brine valve assembly. If a standard setting is used
(s1-s5), then align the top of the float cup to the standard
setting. Where a standard setting is not adequate, the actual
float cup height must be measured and set according to the
specified height.
Setting Your System
(8)
Unset
“M”
s5
s4
s3
Standard Settings
s1
s2
s3
s4
s5
7¾”
7 ⅝”
9½“
11 ⅜“
13 ⅜“
s2
s1
Float Cup Setting
Signature Series Technical Manual
Salt Dosage Set-up Charts
12x16x20 (w/grid)
Adjuster Tube
Float Cup
12x16x20 (w/o grid)
Adjuster Tube
Float Cup
Salt Dosage
1.8
B
7.5
1.8
N
6
3.0
J
8.25
3.0
N
8.75
Salt Dosage
3.3 4.0 4.4
L
N
N
s2 s2 9.25
3.3 4.0 4.4
N
N
N
9.25 10.2 10.7
12x40 (w/grid)
Adjuster Tube
Float Cup
12x40 (w/o grid)
Adjuster Tube
Float Cup
1.8
A
s2
1.8
N
7.25
18x35 (w/grid)
Adjuster Tube
Float Cup
18x35 (w/o grid)
Adjuster Tube
Float Cup
Salt Dosage
1.8 3.0 3.3 4.0
A
E
F
H
s1 s1 7.5 s1
1.8 3.0 3.3 4.0
M N
N
N
6 6.25 6.5 6.75
6.0
N
s4
6.0
N
13
4.4 6.0
J
M
s1 s1
4.4 6.0
N
N
7 8.25
4) Installing the Brine Valve
After the adjustments have been made to the adjuster tube and the float cup, the brine valve assembly must be installed in
the brine drum. Locate the brine valve in the brine well so that the ⅜" bent tube is along the back of the brine well away
from the brine drum wall. The ⅜" bent tube snaps into a notch and extends from the brine drum.
Brine Valve Installation
VERY IMPORTANT! Where a brine drum
overflow could cause damage, a ½” I.D.
overflow line must be installed on the
barbed fitting on drum and connected to
a drain. Make sure the drain is not higher
than barbed fitting.
Top View
Setting Your System
(9)
Side View
Signature Series Technical Manual
Manual Regeneration
If your salt storage tank does run out of salt, you can manually regenerate the unit after adding salt, or you can wait for it to go
through regeneration automatically.
Using a #2 Phillips screwdriver, push down firmly on the softener valve screw and slowly turn clockwise until the actuator has
advanced the indicator arrow to the “Brine Rinse” position. You should hear at least five “clicks” while turning the screw before the
indicator arrow reaches the “Brine Rinse” position. At this point you should hear water begin to run through the system. If you do
not hear water running through the system, the indicator arrow has not been advanced far enough. Repeat the procedure for
manual regeneration after the water flow stops to be sure both resin tanks are regenerated.
Note: If your hot water tank has refilled with hard water, it may take several days for it to empty and for your water to feel soft again.
Indicator Arrow
Softener Valve Screw
Manual Regeneration
(10)
Signature Series Technical Manual
Detailed Operation / Function
Signature Series water softeners use a twin tank design to ensure that treated water is always available. When one tank
regenerates, the other supplies treated water. The valve module uses hydraulic pressure to control all valve functions
automatically.
Regeneration
Inlet
Outlet
Level One Operation
Level One assembly consists of three chambers: inlet, outlet and regeneration chambers.
Hard water enters the inlet chamber and travels to the media tank where it is treated.
Treated water moves from the media tank to the outlet chamber. Contained in the
outlet chamber is a water meter turbine, which turns only when water is used. Gears
connect the water meter turbine to the water meter disc.
Standard Meter Nozzle
Signature Series water softeners use a fixed nozzle to direct the treated water onto the meter turbine.
Standard Meter Nozzle
Part Number
14693
Minimum Flow Range
0.5 gpm
Maximum Flow Range
15.0 gpm
Meter Gearing
All Signature Series models use the same meter gear stack, with standard meter nozzle.
Regeneration drive pawl
Regeneration start pawl
Regeneration Pawls
It is important to realize that there are two regeneration pawls: the regeneration start
pawl and the regeneration drive pawl. The regeneration start pawl advances the control
disc enough to open the regeneration control valve. The water meter and control disc
advance together until the control disc uncovers one of the holes in the ceramic disc
located directly beneath the control disc. This hole directs pressurized water through a
chamber that opens the regeneration control valve, which starts regeneration. Once the
valve has opened, the regeneration drive pawl continues to advance the control disc
through the regeneration cycle.
When open, the regeneration control valve allows water to pass through a nozzle where
it is directed to the regeneration turbine in the regeneration chamber. As the
regeneration turbine spins, it drives the regeneration drive pawl, which advances the
control disc.
Detailed Operation / Function
(11)
Signature Series Technical Manual
Jet regeneration
gearing & turbine
Jet Regeneration
During regeneration, water is used by the valve to control the operation sequence.
All Signature Series valves are equipped with jet regeneration, in which a 0.2 gpm
regeneration flow control is employed to restrict the amount of water used. In
addition to this smaller flow control, the regeneration turbine in Level 1 and the
regeneration nozzle in Level 2 are also modified to work with the lower flow rates.
Control Disc
All internal valve positions are controlled by the control disc. As the control disc
turns, it covers and uncovers holes in the ceramic disc (located directly below the
control disc), sending and relieving pressure signals to open and close all internal
valves. All Signature Series softeners have an alternating flow configuration.
Actuator Indicator
A visual indicator on top of the actuator (black arrow) shows the state of the
system at any time. The control disc rotates clockwise. When the indicator arrow
is at the 12 o'clock position, the right-hand tank is in service. When it is between
the 12 o'clock and 6 o'clock positions, the right-hand tank is in regeneration.
When the indicator arrow is at the 6 o'clock position, the left-hand tank is in
service. When it is between the 6 o'clock and 12 o'clock positions, the left-hand
tank is in regeneration.
Meter Disc 1
Meter Disc 5
Water Meter Disc
The frequency of regeneration can be adjusted without re-gearing the system.
The use of the water meter disc provides for multiple regenerations per 360° cycle
on the water meter. Each regeneration notch on a water meter disc will initiate a
regeneration when the regeneration start pawl drops into one of these segments
and engages with the teeth of the control disc. The number of regenerations
within the 360° cycle is indicated by the number of the water meter disc.
Detailed Operation / Function
(12)
Signature Series Technical Manual
Lower Valving Section
} Level 1
The lower valving section consists of Level Two, Level Three, Level Four and Level Five
assemblies.
} Levels 2 - 5
In the center, there is one regeneration control valve. After four (4) teeth on the control disc
have engaged, this valve then opens and powers the regeneration cycle.
All of the other valves are pairs: one set for the remote tank and one set for the main tank.
For each media tank, there is an inlet, outlet, drain and check stem valve. The inlet, outlet and
drain valves are all servo valves controlled by the control disc. The check stems are simple
one-way valves (check valves). Together, these valves control the flow of water into and out of
each media tank during service and regeneration
Remote
Main
Drain Valves
Inlet Valves
Drain Valves
Inlet Valves
Outlet Valves
Outlet Valves
Check Stems
Control Valve
Detailed Operation / Function
(13)
Signature Series Technical Manual
Level 6
The final level of the valve is used to direct the normal service path of the water. All
Signature Series softeners are downflow. Since all regenerations are countercurrent,
choosing the service direction also specifies the regeneration direction. Downflow service is
used with standard, non-packed tank systems.
Level 6 {
Media Tank
Tank sizes are 7” x 35”, 9” x 35” and 10” x 35”. These sizes only represent the size of the
tank; they do not include the base of the tank.
Downflow
Resin
Each Signature Series softener uses standard mesh cation resin having a minimum exchange
capacity of 30,000 grains removed per cubic foot of media when regenerated with a dose of 15
lbs. of salt per cubic foot of media.
Upper / Lower Distributors
The distributors prevent channeling of the flow through the resin bed, by dispersing the water through the entire radius
of the media tank. The distributor also helps maximize the efficiency of the system, by improving contact with the resin
and minimizing dead spots in the media tank. The design of the distributors also keeps the resin inside the tank, as the
slots on the distributor are sized smaller than the minimum size of the resin beads.
Riser Tube
A riser tube is used to connect the lower distributor to the control valve. A 1” pipe is used for this connection.
Brine Tank
The brine tank is used for both salt storage and brine production. The brine tank is manufactured from corrosion
resistant plastics, as the brine makes for a harsh environment.
Brine Valve
A brine valve is used in each brine tank. This stops the flow of brine to the control valve when a low level is reached and
prevents air from being drawn into the tank. When the bottom check activates, it also marks the beginning of the slow
rinse process. The brine valve has a float cup that is used as the high volume level for the brine dose setting, as well as a
safety to prevent an overflow situation. There is also an overflow elbow that must be connected to drain.
Detailed Operation / Function
(14)
Signature Series Technical Manual
Valve Assembly
1. Move to Level 1, flip upside down and
1a. Add meter nozzle
load gears from gear stem to turbine
2. Lock gears in place with alignment clips
2a. Gears locked in place
4. Insert brine flow control into level 2
5. Insert vent tube into level 2
6. Place assembled level 2 on level 1
7. Insert regen flow control into level 3
8. Insert filter screen over regen flow control
9. Insert venturi throat into level 3
(conical side down)
Valve Assembly
(15)
3. Add Level 1 Seal to Level 1
Signature Series Technical Manual
10. Place level 2 seal on level 2 assembly
11. Place level 3 assembly on level 2
12. Place level 3 seal on Level 3 assembly
assembly
13. Insert main valve pistons into level 4
14. Attach seats to pistons
16. Insert spring loaded control valve into
17. Connect control valve seal to control
level 4
valve
15. Insert drain flow control into level 4
18. Place level 4 assembly on level 3
assembly
Valve Assembly
(16)
Signature Series Technical Manual
19. Add interlock to level 4
20. Add level 4 seal to level 4 assembly
21. Insert Drain Valves into level 5
22. Place level 5 on level 4 assembly
23. Add level 6 seal to level 6 (base)
24. Add check stems to level 6 assembly
25. Add level 1-5 assembly to level 6
26. Bolt main screws to a torque of 55 inch
lbs. in a cross pattern
Valve Assembly
(17)
Signature Series Technical Manual
Cap Assembly
1. Add control disc
2. Add regeneration start pawl with
spring
2a. Regeneration start pawl in place
3. Add regeneration drive pawl with
spring
3a. Regeneration drive pawl with spring
in place
4. Add no back pawl with spring
4a. No back pawl in place
5. Add meter drive pawl
5a. Meter drive pawl in place
Cap Assembly
(18)
Signature Series Technical Manual
6. Add meter disc
6a. Meter disc in place
7. Add balance piston, spring and O-ring
When adding meter disc, first align regen
start notch with regen start pawl, then
turn meter disc to engage regen start
pawl.
7a. Balance piston, spring and O-ring
in place
8. Insert actuator and O-ring into cap
9. Attach cap to level 1
10. Tighten cap screws in a star pattern
to 18-20 inch lbs. torque
Cap Assembly
(19)
8a. Actuator and O-ring in place
Signature Series Technical Manual
Regeneration Sequence
Remote
Alternating, Downflow Regeneration Sequence
Inlet
Models: Signature 735, 935, 1035
Key:
Main
Open
Drain Valve
Closed
1. Main Tank in Service - Remote Tank in Standby
Both main tank inlet and outlet valves are open. Water
passes through inlet valve, through the resin, through the
distributor and out to service through the main tank outlet
valve.
Remote tank inlet valve is closed, preventing any water from
entering and keeping the remote tank in standby.
service
standby
2. Main Tank Regenerating (Brine - Rinse) - Remote Tank in Service
Remote tank inlet and outlet valves are open. Both the main
tank inlet and outlet valves are closed. The main tank drain
valve is open. Soft water from the remote outlet passes
through the venturi, which causes brine to be drawn in past
the check stem, into the distributor, through the resin and
out through the drain valve.
brine rinse service
The unit will continue to draw until the brine valve in the
brine drum closes and prevents brine from entering the main
tank, thus starting the slow rinse cycle. The system will
continue to rinse until the backwash cycle starts.
3. Main Tank Regenerating (Backwash) - Remote Tank in Service
Remote tank inlet and outlet valves are open. The main tank
inlet valve is closed. Both the main tank outlet valve and
main tank drain valve are open.
backwash service
Both check stems are closed. Soft water from the remote
tank passes through the remote tank outlet valve, over and
through the main tank outlet valve and then through the
distributor. This high flow of water provides thorough
cleaning of the hardness ions, iron and excess brine not
rinsed during the rinse cycle.
Regeneration Sequence
(20)
Remote Check
Remote Drain
Remote Outlet
Remote Inlet
Main Check
Main Drain
Main Inlet
Valve Position
Check Stem
Main Outlet
Outlet Valve
Signature Series Technical Manual
Remote
Key:
Open
Main
Inlet
Closed
Drain Valve
4. Main Tank on Standby - Remote Tank in Service
Remote tank inlet and outlet valves are open. Main tank
inlet valve is closed, preventing any water from entering
and keeping main tank in standby.
standby
service
5. Main Tank in Service - Remote Tank Regenerating (Brine-Rinse)
Main tank inlet and outlet valves are open. Both the remote
tank inlet and outlet valves are closed. The remote tank
drain valve is open.
service
brine rinse
Soft water from the main tank outlet passes through the
venturi, which causes brine to be drawn in past the check
stem, through the distributor, through the resin and out
through the drain valve. The unit will continue to draw until
the brine valve closes and prevents brine from entering the
remote tank, thus starting the slow rinse cycle. The system
will continue to slow rinse until the backwash cycle starts.
6. Main Tank in Service - Remote Tank Regenerating (Backwash)
Main tank inlet and outlet valves are open. The remote tank
inlet valve is closed. Both the remote tank outlet valve and
remote tank drain valve are open. Both check stems are
closed.
service
backwash
Soft water from the main tank passes through the main tank
outlet valve, over and through the remote tank outlet valve,
and through the distributor. This high flow of water provides
thorough cleaning of the hardness ions, iron and excess brine
not rinsed during the rinse cycle.
Regeneration Sequence
(21)
Remote Check
Remote Drain
Remote Outlet
Remote Inlet
Main Check
Check Stem
Main Drain
Main Inlet
Valve Position
Main Outlet
Outlet Valve
Signature Series Technical Manual
System Components
In / Out Adapters
Part
Part No.
Pipe Size
Material
Method
1355
Inside: ¾”
Outside: 1”
Brass
Sweat
3748
¾”
Brass
Female NPT
5335D
Inside: ¾”
Outside: 1”
PVC
Glue
7841
Inside: 1”
Outside: 1¼“
Brass
Sweat
Straight Thread (BSP)
10081B
¾”
Noryl
(can be used with hose
connection; do not use
with NPT fittings)
11841A
O-ring End: 1”
E-clip End: 1¼”
Noryl
O-ring and E-clip
System Components
(22)
Signature Series Technical Manual
In / Out Adapter Kits
Part
Description
Part Number
Kit, In/Out Adapter, Brass (¾” – 1”)
1454A
Kit, In/Out Adapter, Plastic, Glue (¾” – 1”)
1483A
Kit, In/Out Adapter, Brass, Threaded (¾” – 1”)
3801A
Kit, In/Out Adapter, Brass (1 ¼” – 1”)
7842A
Description
Part Number
O-ring, IN/OUT Adapter
1328
Adapter Bracket, IN/OUT
7840A
Cotterless Clevis Pin
10169
In / Out Adapter Components
Part
System Components
(23)
Signature Series Technical Manual
System By-pass
Part
Description
Part Number
BLENDING BY-PASS VALVE 1" NPT
15317
LONG BLENDING BY-PASS VALVE - 1" NPT
15318
Description
Part Number
Sun Shield L-1 – 1” Only
1569
Miscellaneous
Part
Accessories
Service Tools
Description
Part Number
Gauge, Pressure Assembly, Brass Fitting
Eccentric Pin Tool
Stem Gear Tool
Softener Service Kit
5049
7130
7128
8171B
Description
Part Number
Backwash Lockout Kit
Grounding Kit
Chlorine Seal Kit for Classic Valve
Brine Valve Safety Conversion Kit, 18 x 35 and 12 x 40 Drums
Brine Valve Safety Conversion Kit, 12 x 16 Drum
Dealer Water Sample Kit
8073A
7917
10534A
7809
9200A
8140
Description
Part Number
Tubing, ½" x 100', Drain
2128
Tubing, ⅝" x 100', Overflow/Drain
2129
Tubing, ⅜" x 100', Brine, Black
1890
Specialty Kits
Tubing
System Components
(24)
Signature Series Technical Manual
Troubleshooting
Ten steps to determine the problem…
1. Gather information.
Ask questions; find out what is the problem. What is the customer’s complaint?
This may identify simple corrections external to the equipment.
 Has there been any recent work done by plumbers?
 Has the water been shut off for any reason?
 Have fire hydrants been flushed recently in the area?
 Have they used more water than normal recently?
 Has the brine drum recently run out of salt?
 How much salt have they been using?
2. Test the water.
Raw before softener, hot water and at brine fitting with water running to service.
 Raw water is tested for hardness and iron levels.
 Hot water is tested to see if hard water has recently been passed to
service. It is not unusual to have a slight increase of hardness from the
hot water tank, generally less than 2 grains.
 Water taken directly from the brine fitting will identify if the softener is
working correctly at this point. Once completed, advance the control disc
forward to service on the other tank and test again.
3. Observe the installation.
Check status of by-pass valve (open/closed), brine drum (full, empty, bridged),
prefilter (plugged), correct meter disc setting, inlet/outlet lines correct, kinks or
restrictions in drain line or drain line elevated over 8 ft. or more than 30 ft.
horizontally.
4. Run soft water to service.
Verify metering.
 Watch the meter disc. Is it turning?
 Watch the no back pawl as the meter disc turns clockwise. Does the
no back pawl drop into the next tooth?
 Measure the metering rate. Measure the rate by running water at a
controlled rate (1 gallon a minute) and time how long it takes the no back
pawl to drop into the next tooth.
 The gallons per tooth = 12.5 gallons on all Signature Series
5. Place unit in brine position.
Verify vacuum at brine elbow, check on both sides of control disc.



Remove the brine line from the brine elbow and verify if there is suction.
Is the suction smooth without interruption?
Is there any water coming from the brine elbow?
Troubleshooting
(25)
Signature Series Technical Manual
6. Remove the brine valve.
Verify correct brine setting (see “Brine Settings” section of the Technical Manual)
 Is it set according to the brine installation sheet?
 Is the adjuster tube cut down to the correct tab?
 Is the float cup set at the correct measurement?
7. Look for low flow in the
distribution system.
Leaky toilets, faucets, etc. This may allow water to pass by unmetered, causing
hard water.
Low flow means less than 0.5 gpm in all Signature Series systems. A leaky
faucet or running toilet will typically be below this threshold, running at a
rate that will not provide enough water flow to turn the valve turbine and
measure water usage, potentially resulting in improper regeneration cycles.
8. Measure water pressure.
Check at brine elbow while one faucet is wide open and valve is in backwash
position.
Place the valve in the brine draw position, allowing the draw port to depressurize.
Remove the brine elbow and thread on a ¼” threaded coupling with a pressure
gauge on the other end. Place the valve in the backwash position, open one
faucet, and note the pressure reading – on most systems it must be at least 15 psi
dynamic (25 psi static).
9. Measure backwash flow rate.
Using a container with a known volume (1 gal. bottle) check the drain flow with
the unit in backwash and a faucet running, timing how long it takes to fill the
container.
1 gallon / 15 seconds = 4 gpm
1 gallon / 30 seconds = 2 gpm
1 gallon /45 seconds = 1.3gpm
(Compare these results to specified backwash flow for models listed below)
Backwash Flow Rate Chart
Model
Backwash Rate
735
935
1.4 gpm (5.3 Lpm)
2.0 gpm (7.6 Lpm)
1035
2.0 gpm (7.6 Lpm)
Troubleshooting
(26)
Signature Series Technical Manual
10. Place unit at the end of
backwash and allow it to shut
off on its own.
Check this on both sides; this may take several minutes.
A slight drip to the drain is allowable, although if the drip will fill the test tube
from your hardness test kit (10 mL) in less than 45 seconds it may cause a hard
water situation.
If the water is soft, follow the troubleshooting steps for running to drain. If the
water at the drain is hard and the unit is producing soft water check the drain
valve seats in level 5 for foreign material.
Troubleshooting
(27)
Signature Series Technical Manual
Hard Water
Problem
1. Water meter disc
not turning.
2. Unit will not
regenerate
automatically.
3. No vacuum in brine
position.
Possible Cause
A. Bad meter drive pawl.
B. Meter drive spring not seated properly.
C. No back pawl missing or broken.
D. Damaged tooth on meter disc.
E. Damaged gear in gear stack.
A. Meter disc not turning.
B. Control disc will not advance out of service
position.
C. Damaged teeth on control disc.
D. Control valve will not open.
E. Drain line/backwash flow control restricted.
A. Check stems missing or not seated
correctly.
B. Check stems missing or will not move
freely.
C. Plugged venturi.
D. Plugged backwash flow control/drain line.
4. Over/under dosing
of salt.
5. The by-pass is open
or leaking.
E. Plugged brine screen/fitting.
F. Damaged outlet main valve seat seal.
A. Brine drum/valve not level.
B. Bridged salt in drum.
C. Brine valve is not set correctly.
D. Brine valve is faulty.
E. Brine valve is dirty.
F. Venturi nozzle is plugged.
G. Plugged brine screen/fitting.
H. Brine flow control is plugged.
A. Accidentally left in “Open” or “Service”
position.
B. Damaged seal or other part in by-pass valve
or damage to ball valve(s) in a three way
by-pass configuration.
C. By-pass valve blending screw left in open
position
Troubleshooting
(28)
Solution
A. Replace meter drive pawl.
B. Reinstall meter drive spring.
C. Install new no back pawl.
D. Replace meter disc.
E. Re-gear Level 1.
A. See # 1 above.
B. Replace regeneration start pawl.
C. Replace control disc.
D. Check for debris – clean if present.
E. Remove restriction/change backwash
flow control if necessary.
A. Replace or reseat check stems.
B. Replace or clean check stems.
C. Clean flow control, venturi throat and
nozzle. Note: Do not use paper clip.
D. Clean/replace flow control/free
obstruction from drain line.
E. Clean brine screen/fitting.
F. Replace main valve seat seal.
A. Level the brine drum/valve.
B. Break up the solidified salt.
C. Set the brine valve correctly.
D. Replace the brine valve.
E. Clean the brine valve.
F. Clean venturi throat and nozzle.
G. Clean brine screen/fitting.
H. Clean/replace brine flow control.
A. Close the by-pass valve.
B. Repair/replace bad valve(s). To check for
internal leak in by-pass valve, open a soft
water tap and run water. With the unit in
the service position, disconnect the brine
line from the brine elbow. If this water is
soft and the water at the tap is hard,
replace/repair the by-pass valve.
C. Close valve blending screw by turning
screw clockwise until it stops.
Signature Series Technical Manual
Frequent Regeneration
Problem
Possible Cause
Solution
1. High water usage.
A. Customer uses more water than expected. A. Inform customer of expected frequency
based on actual usage.
B. Leak in plumbing or fixture (greater
B. Repair the leak.
than minimum flow rate required for
metering).
2. Unit regenerates
more frequently
than necessary.
A. Incorrect Meter Disc installed.
B. Meter disc not moving and regeneration
start pawl in gap.
C. Control valve stuck in “Open” position
(causes continuous regeneration) due to
debris under seal or stray pressure signal.
D. Incorrect meter gearing.
3. Lack of understanding Customer is used to electrical units with
regarding Signature
timers.
Series units.
A. Adjust Meter Disc.
B. Refer to “Hard Water Troubleshooting”
section step 1.
C. Remove debris (if present) or replace
level 1 (stray pressure signal due to poor
seal under ceramic disc).
D. Rework the meter gearing.
Explain to customer that Signature Series
units regenerate based on volume as
opposed to time.
Unit Stuck in Cycle
Problem
1. Unit stuck in
regeneration/
backwash cycle.
2. Unit stuck in service
cycle.
Possible Cause
Solution
A. Control flow path is plugged at the
regeneration nozzle or regeneration flow
control.
B. Regeneration drive pawl and/or spring is
weak or broken.
C. Damaged tooth on control disc.
D. Eccentric pin is worn/damaged.
E. On backwashing filters, low pressure may
cause plugged bed.
F. Regeneration gears not moving.
A. Clean the regeneration flow path.
A. Regeneration start pawl broken
or missing.
B. Unit will not regenerate automatically.
A. Replace or install regeneration start pawl.
Troubleshooting
(29)
B. Replace regeneration drive pawl.
C. Replace control disc.
D. Replace eccentric pin (snap fit).
E. Increase pressure and/or backwash
frequency. May need to rebed.
F. Free obstruction or impediment to
gearing.
B. Refer to “Hard Water Troubleshooting”
section step 2.
Signature Series Technical Manual
Run to Drain
Problem
Possible Cause
1. Balance Piston
O-ring not seated
properly.
A. O-ring off-center.
2. Bad control disc.
3. Drain or control
valves not seated
properly.
4. Low Water Pressure
(see also “Sticking in
Cycle”).
Map side of control disc scored.
A. Debris trapped under the seals.
B. Low water pressure (this may prevent
proper seating of seals).
Pressure at the brine fitting lower than 15 psi
will affect the hydraulic movements within
the softener or filter valves and may not
allow drain or control valves to close.
5. The main valve
piston quad rings or
level four internal
quads are not
sealing.
A. Main valve quad rings may be rolled,
twisted, or damaged.
B. Water may be leaking from the main
valve seat side of the level 4 to a non
pressurized area on the piston side of
the level 4.
C. Seals may be damaged by chlorine or
chloramines.
Age and wear, or contamination from poorly
filtered feed water.
6. Plugged signal
hole or broken
non-serviceable
glue seal under
ceramic disc.
B. O-ring pinched or damaged.
Troubleshooting
(30)
Solution
A. Depress actuator several times to try to
seat the O-ring.
B. Replace O-ring.
Replace control disc.
A. Remove debris.
B. Increase water pressure.
Increase feed water pressure. Check pressure
before softener and after softener. If there is
a severe pressure loss above 15 psi across the
system they may have some blockage in the
resin tanks. If filter and softener, or two
filters are installed in series, use lockout kit.
A. Replace main valve piston quad rings.
B. Replace small retainer quad rings in level 4
or replace level 4 (the piston shafts seal
against these quad rings, and they cannot
be seen without removing the pistons).
C. Replace with blue seals for use with
chloramines.
Clean signal holes with paper clip or
compressed air; replace Level 1, if necessary.
Signature Series Technical Manual
Salty Water
Problem
Possible Cause
Solution
1. Overdosing of salt.
A. Brine valve set incorrectly.
B. Brine valve not seating properly.
C. Rubber band not removed.
D. Leak in brine valve.
A. Set the brine valve correctly.
B. Replace brine valve.
C. Remove rubber band from float cup.
D. Repair leak/replace brine valve.
2. Restricted drain
flow.
A. Drain line kinked or clogged.
D. Drain tubing rises higher than 8 ft.
A. Clear obstructions; ensure drain flows
smoothly and clearly.
B. Clean/replace backwash flow control.
C. Shorten length of tubing or increase size of
drain tubing.
D. Reduce rise to less than 8 ft.
3. Low water pressure.
A. Plugged prefilter.
B. Pressure setting too low.
C. Fouled/damaged resin bed.
A. Change prefilter.
B. Increase feed pressure.
C. Replace resin.
4. Upper distributors
partially blinded
(downflow units).
Foreign material or fines lodged into the
slots.
Clean or replace upper distributors.
B. Backwash flow control restricted.
C. Long drain tubing run.
High Salt Use
Problem
Possible Cause
Solution
1. Unit regenerates too
frequently.
See ”Frequent Regeneration” section.
See ”Frequent Regeneration” section.
2. Overdosing of salt.
See “Salty Water” section.
See “Salty Water” section.
Equipment Noise
Problem
Possible Cause
Solution
1. Unit makes squealing
noise during
regeneration.
Control disc not flat or sealing properly
against the ceramic disc.
Replace control disc, balance piston spring
and balance piston O-ring.
2. Unit makes gurgling,
hissing or bubbling
sound (A small
amount of noise
during startup and
refill is normal).
A. Trapped air in piping following
installation.
B. Air being drawn into piping.
C. Brine line and/or valve not air checking.
A. Release all trapped air from piping.
3. Groaning while water
being used.
High feed pressure.
Reduce feed pressure.
Troubleshooting
(31)
B. Identify source and fix air leak.
C. Identify and replace faulty parts.
Signature Series Technical Manual
Iron/Manganese Bleed-through
Problem
1. Water meter disc
and/or salt dosage
not set up properly.
Possible Cause
A. Initially set-up incorrectly.
B. Raw water composition has changed.
Solution
A. Test inlet hardness, iron, and manganese,
and set meter disc and salt dosage
accordingly.
B. Test inlet hardness, iron, and manganese,
and set meter disc and salt dosage
accordingly.
2. Insoluble
iron/manganese
passing through
softener.
A. Insoluble iron/manganese not removed
by softener resin.
B. Insoluble iron/manganese is smaller
than the micron rating of the pre-filter.
A. Install pre-filter.
3. Iron / manganese
build-up in resin.
High iron/manganese-bearing water.
Use salt that contains resin cleaning
additives.
4. Customer’s plumbing
may be adding ferric
iron into the water.
Aging galvanized pipe and/or pressure tank.
Replace piping/tank or install a pre-filter.
Check in localized areas for sections of
galvanized pipe and/or dissimilar metals.
B. Install smaller micron pre-filter element.
Taste, Color, and Odor
Problem
Possible Cause
Solution
1. Metallic taste in
water.
See “Iron Bleed-through” section.
See “Iron Bleed-through” section.
2. Chlorine / Chloramine
taste and/or odor in
water.
Chlorinated/chloraminated municipal
supply.
Install a dechlorinator/CRS.
3. Salty taste in water.
See “Salty Water” section.
See “Salty Water” section.
4. Yellow tint in water.
A. Tannins present in raw water.
A. Install a tannin softener if tannins are
present.
B. See “Iron/Manganese Bleed through”
section.
B. Iron may be present in water.
5. Rotten egg taste/
odor in water.
A. Hydrogen Sulfide present in water.
B. (Hot water only) Anode rod in water
heater may cause reaction causing odor.
Troubleshooting
(32)
A. Install Sulfur Guard system after
softener.
B. Alternate rod material can be used (see
water heater manufacturer).
Signature Series Technical Manual
Pressure Loss
Problem
Possible Cause
Solution
1. Low pressure entering
the unit.
A. Prefilter clogged.
B. Feed pressure setting too low.
A. Replace prefilter cartridge.
B. Increase feed water pressure.
2. Upper and/or lower
distributors plugged.
A. Foreign material accumulating
on distributors.
B. Degraded resin accumulating
on distributors.
C. Bacteria accumulating on distributors.
A. Clean distributors. Add prefilter if
not present.
B. Clean distributors. Determine cause of
resin degradation. Correct and re-bed.
C. Clean distributors. Address bacteria at
the source.
3. Resin is chlorine/
chloramine damaged.
Chlorinated/ chloraminated municipal
water.
Re-bed resin tanks. Install
dechlorinator/CRS to prevent future
damage.
4. Equipment is
undersized.
Customer demand has increased or initial
equipment sized incorrectly.
Revise equipment selection.
Leaks
Problem
1. Leaks between the
levels.
Possible Cause
A. Main valve screws are not tightened.
B. One of the level seals is pinched, broken
or missing.
C. Crack in seal area near screw hole.
D. One of the screw holes is stripped.
E. Actuator O-ring missing/leaking, causing
water to drip down and appear to be
leaking between the levels.
Solution
A. Depressurize unit and tighten the main
valve screws.
B. Replace faulty or missing seal.
C. Replace faulty level.
D. Replace main base (Level 6).
E. Replace actuator O-ring.
2. Leaks at cap area.
A. One of the screws is stripped.
B. Actuator O-ring damaged/missing.
C. Cracked cap.
A. Replace Level 1.
B. Replace and lubricate O-ring.
C. Replace cap.
3. Feed water pressure
too high.
A. Pressure regulator not installed.
B. Pressure regulator is broken.
A. Install pressure regulator.
B. Replace pressure regulator.
4. Leaks at main base/
remote base/nipple.
A. Base/nipple is not tightened properly.
B. Base/nipple O-ring pinched/missing.
A. Tighten base.
B. Replace/install O-ring.
5. Tank is leaking.
Tank failure.
Replace tank.
6. Leaks at tubing
connections.
Tubing connections over/under-tightened.
Tighten tubing connections correctly
(make a fresh 1” cut off of the tubing).
Troubleshooting
(33)
Signature Series Technical Manual
Standard Units:
Model 735
Model 935
Model 1035
Parts
(34)
Signature Series Technical Manual
Level One Assembly
1
Meter Disc
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
2
Part Number
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
3
4
5
6
7
86
9
10
11
12
14
13
16
15
17
8
18
19
20
Complete Assembly
22
21
9
Part numbers can be found on parts page 36.
Parts
(35)
Signature Series Technical Manual
Notes
1. Metering Discs are the same for all models and should be chosen from the appropriate disc selection chart. Part
numbers are on previous page.
2. Locate the correct part from the exploded drawing on previous page and use it to find the correct row in table
below. The standard model number determines the correct column.
Dwg. No.
Description
Qty. Req’d.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
*
Cap Screw
Cap
Seal, Cap
O-ring, Actuator
Actuator
Balance Piston
Spring, Balance Piston
O-ring, Balance Piston
Control Disc
Pawl, Meter Drive
Spring, Meter Drive
Pawl, Regeneration Start
Pawl, Regeneration Drive
Pawl, No Back
Eccentric Pin
Support Pin
Level 1 Filter
Regeneration O-ring
Screw, Main Valve
Level 1 Shell
Level 1 Seal
Level 1 Assembly
Meter Nozzle
8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
8
1
1
1
1
Model Number
735
935
1035
1010
9044B
8628
1460
13688
14927
5448
1070
4689 (white)
7014
7010A
1783
5511
7097
1520
1023
10781
2657
5372
15160
8629
15576
14693
1010
9044B
8628
1460
13688
14927
5448
1070
4689 (white)
7014
7010A
1783
5511
7097
1520
1023
10781
2657
5372
15160
8629
15577
14693
1010
9044B
8628
1460
13688
14927
5448
1070
4689 (white)
7014
7010A
1783
5511
7097
1520
1023
10781
2657
5372
15160
8629
15577
14693
*See Gearing Stacks (Page 37) for Meter Nozzle location.
Parts
(36)
Signature Series Technical Manual
Gearing Stacks
735
Meter Side
Regeneration Side
8 Jet
PP9
4
4
6
7
5
STEM
GEAR
2
STEM
GEAR
1
2
Regeneration Side
935/1035
Meter Side
4
8 Jet
4
4
5
5
1
Description
1
STEM
GEAR
2
Part No.
Gear #1
1522
Gear #2
1523
Gear #4
1525
Gear #5
1526
Gear #6
1527
Gear #7
1528
Turbine #8 Jet
Meter Nozzle
Regeneration Side
PP9
STEM
GEAR
Notes
1. Use the model number to locate the
correct set of drawings.
2. Use the side (Meter or Regeneration) to
locate the correct stack.
3. Use the table to correlate drawing
number to part number.
Meter Side
11011A
Turbine #9
9258
Stem Gear
1521
Meter Nozzle
14693
Gear Alignment Clip
11902B
Parts
(37)
Signature Series Technical Manual
Level Two and Three Assemblies
2
1
3
Note: Locate the correct part from the
exploded drawing on the right,
and use it to find the correct row
in the table below. The standard
model number determines the
correct column.
4
5
7
6
10
8
9
11
Dwg.
No.
Description
Qty
Req’d
735
Model Number
935
1
Level Two
1
1035
13690
13690
13690
2
Vent Tube
1
1480
1480
1480
3
Brine Flow Control
1
5156 (blue)
5156 (blue)
5156 (blue)
4
Level Two Seal
1
8630
8630
8630
5
Level Three
1
8915C
8915C
8915C
6
Drain Elbow
1
1850
1850
1850
7
Brine Elbow
1
1840
1840
1840
8
Regeneration Flow Control
1
9183B
9183B
9183B
9
Venturi Throat
1
2293 (blue)
3343 (tan)
3343 (tan)
10
Level Three Seal
1
8631
8631
8631
11
Filter Disc
1
11017A
11017A
11017A
Parts
(38)
Signature Series Technical Manual
2
Level Four Assembly
3
Note: Locate the correct part from the
exploded drawing on the right,
and use it to find the correct row
in the table below. The standard
model number determines the
correct column.
4
5
1
5A
6
Completed Assembly
8
7
11
9
10
Dwg.
No.
Description
Qty.
Req’d
1
Level Four w/Retainers
2
735
Model Number
935
1035
1
13692A
15135
15135
Main Valve Piston
4
13695
13695
13695
3
Quad Ring 125, Piston
4
1550
1550
1550
4
Control Valve – Spring Loaded
1
13720A
13720A
13720A
5
Quad Ring, Drain/Control Valve
5
1590
1590
1590
5A
Quad Ring, Silicone
4
1590
1590
1590
6
Control Valve Seal
1
7869
7869
7869
7
Flow Control, Backwash
1
1053
1054
1054
8
Main Valve Seat
4
13696
13696
13696
9
Main Valve Seat Seal
4
7865
7865
7865
10
Level Four Seal
1
8632
8632
8632
11
Level Four Assembly
1
15654
5296B
5296B
Parts
(39)
Signature Series Technical Manual
Level Five Assembly
Note: Locate the correct part from the
exploded drawing on the right,
and use it to find the correct row
in the table below. The standard
model number determines the
correct column.
3
2
5
1
Completed Assembly
6
4
Dwg.
No.
Description
Qty.
Req’d
735
Model Number
935
1035
1
Level Five Std-Check Stems
1
13700A
13700A
13700A
2
Interlock
1
13697
13697
13697
3
Drain Valve w/Quad
2
13699
13699
13699
4
Drain/Control Valve Seal
2
7869
7869
7869
5
Quad Ring, Drain/Control Valve
2
1590
1590
1590
6
Level Five Assembly
1
8102B
8102B
8102B
Parts
(40)
Signature Series Technical Manual
Bases, Tanks, and Tubes
Note: Locate the correct part from the
exploded drawing on the right,
and use it to find the correct row
in the table below. The standard
model number determines the
correct column.
13
1
14
2
3
9
4
12
10
5
11
6
7
8
Dwg. No.
Description
Qty.
Req’d
735
1
Seal, Main Base
1
8620
8620
8620
2
Check Stem
2
8627
8627
8627
3
Main Base
1
14602
14602
14602
4
O-ring, Base
1
8925
8925
8925
5
Distributor, Upper
2
2160A
2160A
2160A
6
Distributor Clip
4
10279
10279
10279
7
Distributor Tube
2
13433
13433
13433
8
Media Tank
2
15061
15108
15104
9
Connector Pin
2
4742
4742
4742
10
Connector Link
2
1329
2846
2846
11
Connector Pipe
2
14660
11775A
11775A
12
O-ring, Connector
8
1328
1328
1328
13
Kit, Tank Connector
1
1348A
1352C
1352C
14
Remote Base
1
14658
14658
14658
---
Complete Module
1
15060
15110
15103
---
Resin, Standard Mesh (1 cu. ft.)
Varies*
14750
14750
14750
*Refer to specific data sheet.
Parts
(41)
Model Number
935
1035
Signature Series Technical Manual
Brine Drums
Parts
(42)
Signature Series Technical Manual
18 x 35 Brine Drum Assembly
Assembly Part Number: 15062
21
10
11
2
9
13
3
12
4
14
15
5
16
6
20
1
17
18
19
Dwg.
No.
Description
Part
No.
Dwg.
No.
Description
Part
No.
1
Grid Plate Assembly, 5 x 18
1539
9
Brine Valve Assembly, 18 x 35
7805
2
Brine Well, 4 x 30.5
1610A
10
Brine Well Cover, Drilled
7815A
3
Fastener, Push-in, ¼"
7337
11
BV Bent Tube, 18 x 35
7802
4
Washer, Overflow
10092
12
BV Guide, Rod/Tube
7798
5
Elbow, Overflow
1138
13
BV Guide Lock, Rod/Tube
7796
6
Nut, Overflow
1139
14
BV Float Cup, Grommet & Retainer
7821
15
BV Adjuster Tube, Non-magnetic
7787B
16
BV Nut Assembly w/ Float Rod
7786
17
BV O-ring
9804
18
BV Body w/ Plug and Conn
7783
19
BV Body w/ Plug
7782
20
Connector, Male ⅜"T x ¼"MNPT
7780
21
Connector, Union, ⅜"T x ⅜"T
9210
Parts
(43)
Signature Series Technical Manual
12 x 40 Brine Drum Assembly
Assembly Part Number: 1479B
12
1
22
11
4
10
5
6
14
13
15
7
2
8
9
16
17
21
3
20
18
19
Dwg.
No.
Description
Part
No.
Dwg.
No.
Description
Part
No.
1
Brine Drum Drilled, 12 x 40
11901
10
Brine Valve Assembly, 18 x 35
7805
2
Grid Plate, 12 x 40
11900
11
Brine Well Cover, Drilled
7815A
3
Grid Support Set, 12 x 40 (Qty. 3)
8704
12
BV Bent Tube, 18 x 35
7802
4
Rubber Grommet
1140
13
BV Guide, Rod/Tube
7798
5
Brine Well, 4 x 30.5
1610A
14
BV Guide Lock, Rod/Tube
7796
6
Fastener, Push-in, ¼"
7337
15
BV Float Cup, Grommet & Retainer
7821
7
Nut, Overflow
1139
16
BV Adjuster Tube, Non-magnetic
7787B
8
Washer, Overflow
10092
17
BV Nut Assembly w/ Float Rod
7786
9
Elbow, Overflow
1138
18
BV O-ring
9804
19
BV Body w/ Plug and Connector
7783
20
BV Body w/ Plug
7782
21
Conn, Male ⅜"T x ¼"MNPT
7780
22
Conn, Union, ⅜"T x ⅜"T
9210
Parts
(44)
Signature Series Technical Manual
12 x 16 x 20 Brine Drum Assembly
Assembly Part Number: 7202
1
18
20
02
0
7
8
20A
9
20B
10
19
11
2
12
3
4
13
5
17
14
6
15
16
Dwg.
No.
Description
Part
No.
Dwg.
No.
Description
Part
No.
1
Brine Drum Lid, 12 x 16 x 20
5662A
12
BV Adjuster Tube, Non-magnetic
7787B
2
Brine Drum, Punched, WP
8926
13
BV Nut Assembly w/ Float Rod, 10"
7827
3
Brine Well
7918A
14
BV O-ring
9804
4
Nut, Overflow
1139
15
BV Body w/ Plug and Connector
7783
5
Washer, Overflow
10092
16
BV Body w/ Plug
7782
6
Elbow, Overflow
1138
17
Connector, Male ⅜"T x ¼"MNPT
7780
7
Brine Well Cover, Drilled, Off-Center
7815A
18
Connector, Union, ⅜"T x ⅜"T
9210
8
BV Bent Tube
7899
19
Brine Valve Assembly
7928
Grid Plate Assembly 50
8705
9
BV Guide, Rod/Tube
7798
20
10
BV Guide Lock, Rod/Tube
7796
20A
Grid Plate
8700
11
BV Float Cup, Grommet & Retainer
7821
20B
Grid Support Set
8706
Parts
(45)
www.kinetico.com
Part No. 15597
Rev. 02/2015
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