VPAC/VPHP 30-36 Single Package Vertical Air Conditioner (SPVAC

VPAC/VPHP 30-36 Single Package Vertical Air Conditioner (SPVAC
VPAC/VPHP 30-36
INSTALLATION, OPERATION, AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Nominal Cooling Capacity: 30,000 - 36,000 Btuh
P/N 240-4554 Rev. 1.0 [03/04]
VPAC/VPHP 30-36 Single Package Vertical Air Conditioner
(SPVAC) and Heat Pump (SPVHP)
The VPAC/VPHP 30-36 offers an economic benefit
when used in a multi-room suite by supplying conditioned air to more than one room without the need to
install another PTAC/PTHP. This is also a design advantage since the second room does not need an exterior wall for a second unit.
The VPHP 30-36 heat pump is intended to be a limited range heat pump, which means utilizing a supplemented heat option is recommended since heat pump
operation will cease at approximately 40°F outdoor
temperature. Consult factory for availability of a full
range defrosting heat pump version.
Each system is supplied with a ready-to-install wall
sleeve and outdoor louver. The cabinet is constructed
with 20 gauge galvanized steel with a G-90U corrosion resistant rating and the insulated top discharge
evaporator compartment provides quiet ducted, conditioned air delivery to other room location(s).
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
The VPAC/VPHP 30-36 single package vertical air
conditioner (SPVAC) and heat pump (SPVHP) creates new options in layout and space utilization. The
VPAC/VPHP 30-36 offers low cost operation and quiet,
comfortable air distribution, especially when used in
multi-room suites, apartments, healthcare facilities,
and homes.
The VPAC/VPHP 30-36 is backed by EMI and ECR
International and is tested and rated in accordance
with ARI standard 390 and UL-1995. Due to ongoing
product development, product designs and specifications may change without notice. Please contact the
factory for more information.
Framed into a concealed closet enclosure for low operating sound levels, the VPAC/VPHP 30-36’s vertical discharge vent allows ducting to the top of the
room(s) for superior air circulation and distribution. Multiple air supply grilles can distribute air when used with
a soffit and intake grilles can be located on the sides
of the enclosure.
CONDENSATE REMOVAL
The VPAC/VPHP 30-36 requires an internal drain system due to its unique draw-thru condenser design.
Condenser side drain stub(s) are integral to the chassis and are very easy to connect a drain hose to.
The VPAC/VPHP 30-36 can be applied in a ducted
return air application or can remain non-ducted as delivered. If ducted, the closet enclosure does not require minimum clearances other than what is recommended for adequate service access. If non-ducted,
minimum clearance options must be adhered to as
dictated for optimal performance and sound. See note
on minimum clearance dimensions in the illustation
titled ”Exploded View Of Typical Installation” on page
2 of this document. (Figure 1)
Enviromaster International, LLC
AIR SYSTEMS
Motors are thermally protected PSC type. Air stream
surfaces are insulated with 1/4 inch fiberglass or 1/8
inch volara. The evaporator fan is a forward curved
type directly mounted to the motor shaft. The condenser propeller utilizes a draw-thru design for improved efficiency.
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• Front mounted control box
• Manual fresh air damper
• Microprocessor control board
- Universal control board: can be used in straight
cool electric, hydronic heat, or cooling/heat
pump applications.
- Fan purge: fan remains on for 60 seconds after heat/cool call is dropped (“auto” mode only)
- Anti-short cycle compressor protection
- Random start timer: prevents multiple units
from simultaneous start-ups (straight cool only)
- Freeze protection: prevents evaporator freeze
ups
- Low ambient lockout: prevents compressor operation in cold outdoor temperatures.
- Test operation: all timers are eliminated to allow ease of testing after installation (straight cool
only)
- Compatible with fossil fuel, electric heat, mercury or electronic thermostats
- Refrigerant hot gas bypass for operation in low
outdoor ambient conditions (cooling cycle only)
ELECTRICAL WIRING
!
WARNING
!
Before accessing the control compartment, disconnect power to the unit. Failure to do so could result
in serious injury or electrical shock.
All field wiring must be done in accordance to NEC
and local codes. Check the unit rating plate for circuit
ampacity and breaker(s) or fuse size(s). Use only
HACR type breakers or time delay fuses. Select the
proper wire for the ampacity rating. Some units require more than one power supply. Check the nameplate and wiring diagram for further instructions.
IMPORTANT: The unit is wired for 230V primary
voltage from the factory. The transformer must be
rewired by the installer if the jobsite voltage is 208V.
Each vertical unit is equipped for a 24V wall thermostat connection.
OPTIONAL CONTROLS AND COMPONENTS
STANDARD CONTROLS AND COMPONENTS
• Supplemental electric heat
• 265/277V (contact factory for availability)
• Painted condenser louver
• Remote wall thermostat
• Return air access panel (w/disposable return air
filters)
• Cooling or heat pump chassis w/high efficiency
scroll or reciprocating type compressor
• Custom wall sleeve
• Anodized aluminum outdoor louver for field installation (optional colors available)
FIGURE 1 - EXPLODED VIEW OF TYPICAL INSTALLATION
ROUGH WALL SLEEVE OPENING
Unit Size
30
36
Width
28 9/16"
28 9/16"
Height
32 3/8"
36 1/4"
For designed performance, sound levels,
and service, maintain a minimum of 6” on
both sides and front for non-ducted return
air applications only.
6”
6”
6”
Ducted return air applications only require
minimal spacing for service requirements.
Consult ECR Engineering if these minimums can not be met. Depending on the
application and return air introduction,
some reconfiguration is likely to be accommodated.
VPAC/VPHP
2
Manufactured in Rome, NY, USA
in the wall for the wall sleeve and louver be the correct dimension and in the exact position necessary
for installation. (Figure 1)
INSPECTION
Carefully check the shipment against the bill of lading. Make sure all chassis, wall sleeves, and louvers
(as well as any options) have been received. Inspect
each component for damage. The carrier must make
proper notation on the delivery receipt of all damage
identified and complete a carrier inspection report.
Concealed damage must be reported to the carrier
within 15 days of the receipt of the shipment.
The platform height should be the same level as the
bottom of the wall opening. Because wall sleeve
depths can vary depending on overall wall thickness,
it is critical that wall thickness be determined before
ordering the wall sleeve. (Figure 2) Consult factory
for available wall sleeve sizes.
FIGURE 2 - DETERMINING WALL SLEEVE DEPTH
IMPORTANT: The purchaser must notify the EMI
traffic department of all damage and is responsible
for filing any necessary claims with the carrier.
½” x ½” Foam Gasket
Wall Sleeve Depth = Overall Wall
Thickness - 1.25” (Louver Depth)
APPLICATION LIMITATIONS
Overall Wall
Thickness
The VPAC/VPHP 30-36 should be installed in
accordance with all national and local safety codes.
Exterior Wall
Outdoor Louver
Minimum and maximum operation conditions must be
observed to assure maximum system performance
with minimum service required. Refer to table below
for application limitations of the VPAC/VPHP 30-36.
Wall Sleeve
Interior Wall
Drip edge will
extend outside
exterior wall
when installed
to guide condensate away
from building
APPLICATION LIMITATIONS
Outdoor Ambient Air Temperature °F
Minimum DB
Maximum DB
Cool
Cool
Heat
67
115
75
Indoor Ambient Air Temperature °F
Minimum
Maximum
DB/WB
DB
DB/WB
DB
Cool
Heat
Cool
Heat
67/57
50
90/72
80
!
CAUTION
Lag Holes
(4 Per Side)
Wall Sleeve
Assembly
Cross Section
of Typical Wall
1. Install 1/2” x 1/2” or 1” x 1” foam tape (supplied)
to the unit condenser top and sides to seal against
the wall sleeve. (Figure 3)
FIGURE 3 - INSULATION & WEATHER ANGLES
!
Avoid possibility of electric shock and personal injury. Disconnect all power before removing chassis or performing any cleaning, servicing, or maintenance.
Install supplied
1/2” x 1/2” foam
insulation along
top and sides of
condenser box.
(IMPORTANT:
Position as far
forward toward
outdoor side as
possible.)
GENERAL INSTALLATION
Weather Angle
Position (One on
each side)
Enviromaster International recommends installing the
VPAC/VPHP 30-36 before any carpentry work is
started for the enclosure. It is very important for proper
air flow and sound levels that a minimum clearance of
6” between the enclosure and the chassis be maintained. It is also very important that the rough opening
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2. Attach the weather angles to the chassis using
the screws provided.
romaster International will not be liable for any system problems that could arise if motor speed is not
changed to match application.
3. Slide chassis into wall sleeve, assuring that wall
sleeve studs on the wall sleeve flanges align with
the holes in the weather angles.
RETURN AIR ACCESS PANEL (WITH FILTER)
Return air access panels are unit capacity specific.
Be sure to specify unit capacity when placing an order.
It is necessary to work closely with the other trades to
locate the opening for the return air access panel. The
return air access panel must be installed with enough
room available to remove the unit if necessary. The
frame is installed with screws through the lag holes
into the frame studs and should be level and plum.
(Figure 5) The return air access panel is set onto the
frame and held in place with six screws.
4. Attach left and right weather angles to wall
sleeve using the two 1/4-20 nuts provided.
5. Install plenum and duct work.
6. Plug in the supplied low voltage harness and
run it to the wall thermostat as shown in the unit’s
wire diagram.
CONDENSATE DRAIN
FIGURE 5 - RETURN AIR ACCESS PANEL
The VPAC/VPHP 30-36 is equipped with a 3/4” condenser side drain stub in the front of the base pan.
Because of the unit’s unique draw-thru condenser
design, this drain stub must be connected to an
internal condensate removal system.
NOTE: Available with solid doors if separate intake is used.
Frame
34”
20” x 30”
Disposable
Filter
INDOOR MOTOR SPEED TAP SELECTION
!
WARNING
Access
Panel
Frame
!
60”
Before accessing the control compartment, disconnect power to the unit. Failure to do so could result
in serious injury or electrical shock.
For information on indoor motor speed tap selection,
please refer to the “VPAC/VPHP 30-36 Indoor Motor
Speed Tap Selection Chart” (Figure 4) and/or the label attached to the chassis of the unit.
The motor comes factory wired for the corresponding
units as described in the 230V column. Please make
FINAL INSPECTION AND START UP
FIGURE 4 - VPAC/VPHP 30-36 INDOOR MOTOR SPEED
TAP SELECTION CHART
Unit Size
ESP
230V
0.1
Blu
0.2
Blu
0.3
Blu
0.1
Blk
36
0.2
Blk
0.3
Blk
Tap Key - Blu (Med), Blk (High)
30
208V
197V
Blu
Blu
Blu
Blk
Blk
Blk
Blu
Blk
Blk
Blk
Blk
Blk
!
!
Moving parts can cause injury so exercise caution
when testing the unit.
1. Hard wire line voltage power to unit. Refer to
unit rating plate for proper voltage and amperage/
fuse size.
speed tap changes as required by job site voltage and/
or external static pressure (e.s.p.) Speed tap changes
may need to be made from factory settings and Envi-
VPAC/VPHP
WARNING
NOTE: Some units may require two power supplies (check nameplate and wiring diagram for further instructions.)
4
Manufactured in Rome, NY, USA
2. Connect low voltage wiring from thermostat to
unit.
SELECTING A COMPATIBLE THERMOSTAT
When selecting a thermostat other than those offered
by Enviromaster International, it is important to choose
a single stage heat/cool, 24V thermostat.
IMPORTANT: The outdoor air sheet metal splitter
baffle must be in the proper position to prevent recirculation.
COOLING ONLY WITH ELECTRIC OR
HYDRONIC HEAT (VPAC ONLY)
3. Turn power on and check for proper operation.
HEATING: Set the wall thermostat to heat mode.
Set the thermostat above the room setting. Allow
some time for heat to come from the discharge
grilles. Do not operate unit when the panels are
removed.
Select a thermostat that is compatible with a cooling electric heat system. The thermostat should have “R”,
“Y”, “W” and “G” terminals.
HEAT PUMP WITH ELECTRIC HEAT
(VPHP ONLY)
COOLING: Set the wall thermostat to cool mode.
Set the thermostat below the room temperature setting and allow time for cool air to come from the
discharge grilles. The thermostat can be set at the
most desired setting with the selector switch in the
heat or cool position.
Select a thermostat that is compatible with a cooling single stage heat - heat pump system. The thermostat should have “R”, “Y”, “O” and “G” terminals.
Retroaire™ units are single stage heating only. The
electric heat and heat pump will not operate simultaneously.
4. Make sure that there is nothing to interfere with
the room discharge air or the return air.
!
WARNING
FAN OPERATION
!
Do not operate unit without filter in place or use as
a temporary heating/cooling source during construction.
Some thermostats are equipped with an auto/on fan
switch. When this switch is placed in the on position
the indoor fan will run continuous. When the switch is
in the auto position the indoor fan will cycle with the
call for heating or cooling.
MANUAL FRESH AIR DAMPER
FAN PURGE (AUTO MODE ONLY)
The fresh air manual damper allows the user to move
fresh air into the space to be conditioned. The damper
handle is located behind the evaporator coil. To access, slide access door on service panel and slide
fresh air door to desired position.
After the room thermostat has been satisfied, the purge
feature allows the indoor fan to remain on for an additional 60 seconds. This increases efficiency by pulling
the remaining energy from the unit.
COOLING OPERATION
SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
After connecting the thermostat to the unit place the
system switch in cool mode. Adjust the set-point temperature below the room temperature. The compressor and fan motors will start and cooling will begin.
Place the set-point temperature above the room temperature. The compressor and condenser fan will stop
and the indoor fan will remain on for an additional sixty
seconds.
CHOOSING A THERMOSTAT
Enviromaster International offers a thermostat that is
compatible with the VPAC/VPHP 30-36. This is a single
stage cool/heat, mercury bulb thermostat that can be
used in all Retroaire cooling, heating or heat pump
applications. The thermostat has an adjustable setpoint range of between 55°F and 95°F. There are two
independent, adjustable stops that can limit the heating or cooling range of the thermostat. A non-mercury, electronic thermostat is available if needed.
Please contact the factory for more information.
Enviromaster International, LLC
IMPORTANT: The start of the compressor will not
take place until the anti-short/random start time
period has elapsed.
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EMERGENCY HEAT (VPHP ONLY)
ELECTRIC HEAT OPERATION
Place the thermostat system switch in heat mode. Adjust the set-point temperature above the room temperature. The electric heat will energize along with the
indoor fan motor. Heating will continue so long as the
set-point remains above room temperature. Next place
the set-point temperature below room temperature.
The electric heater will switch off and the indoor fan
will remain on for an additional 60 seconds.
!
WARNING
!
Before accessing the control compartment, disconnect power to the unit. Failure to do so could result
in serious injury or electrical shock.
Should the heat pump system fail, it is possible to force
the control board into electric heat mode. This is a
temporary solution until the heat pump system can be
repaired. Locate the circuit board in the control section of the unit. Locate the terminals where the outdoor sensor connects to the circuit board. Using a small
needle nose type pliers, disconnect one side of the
sensor from the circuit board. This will appear to the
circuit board as an outdoor coil freeze condition,
thereby energizing the electric resistance heater on
the call for heat.
HEAT PUMP COOLING OPERATION
(VPHP ONLY)
Cooling operation in a heat pump unit is described in
“Cooling Operation” above. The unit is equipped with
a reversing valve that is energized for cooling and deenergized in heating mode.
HEAT PUMP HEATING OPERATION
(VPHP ONLY)
ANTI-SHORT CYCLE TIMER RANDOM START
This feature will prevent compressor short cycling and
also prevent multiple units in a single facility from simultaneously starting following a power outage. This
delay on break feature ensures that the compressor
remains off between cycles until the three-minute time
delay period has elapsed, allowing system pressures
to equalize before restarting.
Heat pump units are “Limited Range” equipped with
back-up electric resistance heat. Limited range heat
pumps are designed to operate when outdoor temperatures are between 75°F and 40°F and with a maximum indoor temperature of 80°F. When the outdoor
temperature falls below approximately 40°F the unit
will switch from heat pump to electric resistance heat.
Electric heat will then remain as the heat source until
the outdoor temperatures rise above 50°F. The VPHP
30-36 is a single-stage heating unit. The electric heat
and heat pump will not operate simultaneously.
The random start feature, initiated after a power failure, will add a random time delay (between 5-120 seconds) to the three-minute anti short cycle time following a power outage. This will stagger the starting of
multiple units in a single facility allowing a building to
slowly go back on line when power is restored.
To operate the unit in heating mode, it must first be
connected to an appropriate heat pump thermostat.
(See “Choosing A Thermostat”). Select heat on the
thermostat system switch. Then, adjust the set-point
temperature above the room temperature. The compressor and fan motors will start and heating will begin. If the outdoor temperature is below approximately
40°F the heat pump system will not operate. Electric
heat will then take over the heating demand. Heating
will continue so long as the set-point temperature remains above the room temperature. Place the setpoint temperature below the room temperature. The
heating mode will cease and the indoor fan will remain on for an additional sixty seconds.
INDOOR COIL FREEZE PROTECTION
This feature will prevent the indoor coil from freeze up
in the cooling mode. Indoor coil freeze up can occur
due to a dirty air filter, low refrigerant charge or low
room or outdoor temperatures. This in turn can cause
compressor damage. Should a freeze condition be
detected, the compressor and condenser fan will be
switched off for a minimum of three minutes and until
the freeze condition is satisfied. During this time the
indoor fan will continue to run to aid in the defrost
process.
IMPORTANT: The start of the compressor will not
take place until the anti-short/random start time
period has elapsed.
VPAC/VPHP
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Manufactured in Rome, NY, USA
or bearing assemblies. Check setscrews and motor mounting hardware, making sure these are tight.
6. Centrifugal fan blades and blower cage assemblies must be clean to operate efficiently. Brush and/
or vacuum as necessary.
MAINTENANCE
!
WARNING
!
Before accessing the control compartment, disconnect power to the unit. Failure to do so could result
in serious injury or electrical shock.
7. Inspect both indoor and outdoor coils. Use a fin
comb to straighten out any damaged fins. These
coils must be clean for proper operation.
The VPAC/VPHP 30-36 is designed and constructed
for reliability and long life minimal maintenance. Scheduled maintenance inspections should be performed 4
times a year. At the beginning of the cooling season,
a complete mechanical cooling check should be performed and periodic minor inspections may be necessary during the cooling season to adjust for variations in climate. At the beginning of the heating season, a complete mechanical heating check should be
performed and, again, periodic minor inspections may
be necessary to adjust for climatic changes.
!
WARNING
IMPORTANT: Do not use a solvent-based cleaner
for this as some solvents produce a noxious odor
when you start the fan or electric heat.
8. Look for oil leaks or stains on or around the coil
and refrigerant lines. The presence of oil here indicates a potentially serious problem (such as a refrigerant leak).
9. Inspect and clean the drain pan and drain line(s).
A good idea here is to use an anti-fungicide tablet
to keep the condensate system free from bacterial
contaminants.
!
It is illegal to discharge refrigerant into the atmosphere. Use proper reclaiming methods and equipment when repairing this unit. Service should be
performed by a qualified service agency.
10. Check seal around the unit.
IMPORTANT: Air leaks may make the conditioned
area uncomfortably drafty or produce noises.
Visually inspect the foam gasket between the wall
and the unit, especially taking note of the separation
between the air inlet for the condenser and the
condenser coil discharge. These two areas must
be sealed off from each other. If you experience
poor cooling operation or erratic operation, check
for air recirculation at the condenser coil.
1. Disconnect power to the unit.
2. Remove the access panel and do a visual check
of the equipment. Look for obvious changes in the
unit such as damaged coils or evidence of extended
wear on any moving parts. Check for unusual odors
or leaks (ex: burnt motor windings, water, or refrigerant) and make sure the base pan is clean.
11. Replace panel and reconnect the electrical
power.
3. Regular cleaning of the filter is required. Allowing dust to collect on the filter will cause the unit to
lose efficiency and eventually malfunction. Check
filter once a month.
TROUBLESHOOTING
NO HEAT OR COOLING
4. Inspect all electrical connections for frayed wires
and poor connections. Terminal ends that are loose
will eventually fail, causing a loss of performance
or worse.
Check to see if the unit has power and if the thermostat
is satisfied. If the thermostat is not satisfied, call your
installing contractor or service contractor.
5. Check fan motors and blower assemblies. Some
units may require a drop of light oil to motors and/
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SPECIFICATIONS AND PERFORMANCE
IMPORTANT: Due to ongoing product development, designs, specifications, and performance are subject to change without notice. Please consult
the factory for further information.
VPAC/VPHP 30-36 Performance Data
Model
VPAC30
VPAC36
VPHP30
VPHP36
Cooling Sensible
Btu
Heat
30,000
0.68
36,000
0.70
29,800
0.73
35,600
0.74
EER
SEER
9.2
9.8
8.7
9.0
9.7
10.0
9.7
9.7
Heat
Pump
N/A
N/A
27,600
33,500
External Static
.10
.20
.30
1,050
990
930
1,350 1,290 1,210
1,050
990
930
1,350 1,290 1,210
COP
N/A
N/A
2.4
2.7
B
H
J
F
K
G
E
L
D
C
Dimension
Model
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
J
K
L
M
N
30
52"
28"
24 1/2"
20"
2 1/4"
5/8"
8"
16"
3/4"
7 1/4"
10"
11"
22"
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
J
K
L
M
N
Supply Air
36
56"
28"
28"
20"
4"
5/8"
8"
16"
3/4"
9"
10"
10 1/4"
17 3/4"
A
Return Air
M
Outdoor
Air Exhaust
Outdoor
Air Intake
N
VPAC 30-36 COOLING ONLY ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Model
Number
30
36
Condenser Fan
VOLTS/HZ/PH
Compressor
Evap Fan
Total
Min
Amps Voltage
M.C.A.
Max HACR
Amps
HP
RLA
LRA
Amps
HP
208/230/60/1
1.7
0.25
14
73
3
0.5
18.7
197
22.3
Breaker
35
208/230/60/1
1.7
0.25
16.3
88
3
0.5
21
197
25.1
40
Total
Amps
18.7
21
Min
Voltage
197
197
VPHP 30-36 HEAT PUMP ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Model
Number
30
36
VOLTS/HZ/PH
208/230/60/1
208/230/60/1
Condenser Fan
Amps
HP
1.7
0.25
1.7
0.25
Compressor
RLA
LRA
14
73
16.3
100
Evap Fan
Amps
HP
3
0.5
3
0.5
M.C.A.
22.3
25.1
Max HACR
Breaker
35
40
VPAC/HP 30-36 ELECTRIC HEAT SPECIFICATIONS
Heater No. Voltage
5
7.5
10
15 (VPAC36
only)
Watts
HT.
Amps
Total
MCA
Max Brkr
Total
Circuit #1
Circuit #2
MCA
Max Brkr
208
4089
19.7
22.7
28.4
35 *
-
-
-
230
5000
21.7
24.7
31.0
35 *
-
-
-
208
6134
29.5
32.5
40.7
45
-
-
-
230
7500
32.6
35.6
44.5
45
-
-
-
208
8178
39.3
42.3
52.9
55
-
-
-
230
10000
43.5
46.5
58.1
60
-
-
-
208
12268
59.0
22.7
28.4
40 *
42.3
52.9
55
230
15000
65.2
24.7
31.0
40 *
46.5
58.1
60
* VP-30 Requires 35 amp breaker for compressor circuit
*VP-36 Requires 40 amp breaker for compressor (circuit #1)
Enviromaster International LLC
5780 Success Dr., Rome, NY 13440
Phone: 1-800-228-9364
Fax: 1-800-232-9364
VPAC/VPHP
8
Manufactured in Rome, NY, USA
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