T14MZHP Set Up Instructions for Helicopters

T14MZHP Set Up Instructions for Helicopters
T14MZHP Set Up Instructions for Helicopters
Since the instruction manual is basically useless with regards to practical application Cliff Hiatt and myself
(Wayne Mann) have decided to pool our mental resources and create a practical application guide or user
manuel… if you will.
Before we get started setting up your new radio I must do something that really pains me. In this era of
frivolous law suits and sue happy individuals I feel it necessary to put a disclaimer in this manual. So here
goes. This manual represents the ideas and opinions of Cliff Hiatt and Wayne Mann. We are not employees
of Hobbico or Futaba. Any use of the ideas and opinions contained herein is done at your own risk. We
assume no liability for the use of said material.
Upon turning on the radio there is a sequence that should be follwed to get you started on the right path.
Choosing Model Type and Swash Type
Go to the Linkage Menu, this is the box on the right side of the screen down about the middle that has a
wrench and a nut driver in the picture. Next, click on Model Select. On the right side of the page click New.
Click on the diagramm under Swash Type and choose the diagram that corresponds with the type of control
system on your helicopter. If you are flying a mechanical mixing type of helicopter you will choose the
diagram that reads H-1 Pure Function. Then click Yes. If you are flying an ECCPM machine then select the
appropriate swash plate control type that your model is designed with from the menu. This will bring up the
Frequency page. Select the frequency that you will be using and set the frequency in the receiver. We will
not cover frequency setting as the factory owner’s manual does an adequate job of explaining this. Refer to
the Owners Manual to get the receiver frequency changed and get the receiver up and running.
Setting Swash Mixing
If you selected an ECCPM model type, that uses 3 servos to control the swash plate, click an the Linkage
Menu and click an Swash. In the Swash AFR section you will notice that all the values are set at +50% for
Aileron, Elevator and Pitch. These are the standard values and will apply to most helicopters. Servos should
be installed and servo wheels should be fitted and aligned at this time. A neat trick that I learned from Mike
Swift is to go to the Linkage Menu and click an Servo Monitor. In the top right corner of the screen you will
see Moving Test. Click on this and it will changed to Neutral Test. Select ON and all the servos will move to
their center position and hold there. This is ideal for setting up an ECCPM helicopter. Otherwise go to the
Home Page and adjust the collective stick so that it is perfectly centered. Just under the timers an the Home
Page you will see THR Stick Pos. and to the right of that Pitch. I use the numbers under Pitch for centering
my collective stick as these numbers read out stick position in tenths of a percent witch is much mor
accurate than the THR Stick Pos.
Set up the servos wheels as per the helicopter manufactures instructions making sure that the servo wheels
are perfectly square to the bell crank post that they will be controlling. Adjust all pushrods so that bell cranks
are square to the frames (or in “neutral”). Adjust the pushrods from the bell cranks to the swash plate to set
the proper height and to ensure that it is perfectly square to the main shaft. At this point, determine whether
the swash plate is moving in the right direction for collective and cyclic. If the collective is moving backwards
change the +50% value in the Swash AFR to -50%. This will change the direction of the swash plate
movement relative to the collective stick. Next check right and left cyclic and fore an aft cyclic and change
those values to “-“ if necessary. If while moving the collective stick up and down one or more of the servos is
moving against the others, go to the Servo Reverse page in the Linkage Menu and reverse those servos
and repeat the Swash AFR direction check. Be careful moving the collective stick to the extremes as you
don’t want to bind up any of the servos. IF the swash plate is traveling too far and binding to Linkage Menu
and click an Swash. Under Swash AFR reduce the Pitch number to stop the swash plate from over
throwing. With rotor baldes on the modell and a pitch gauge you con now use this Pitch number in Swash
AFR to adjust the total throw you need from the swash plate to give you the pitch range you need.
Side: 1/6
T14MZHP Set Up Instructions for Helicopters
Setting Swash Detail
Note: It is very critical that the balls on the inner ring of the swash plate are in perfect line with the balls on
the outer ring of the swash plate when performing this tuning exercise, otherwise you will be introducing fore
and aft cyclic when you give right and left cyclic and vise versa. Also when you give a full cyclic command
make sure that you are only giving that command and that you are not inadvertently holding a small amount
aft cyclic with right cyclic and so on.
Here you will adjust the Servo throws to keep the swash plate level throughout the entire collective range
and eliminate interaction with cyclic inputs while at either end of the collective range. In the Linkage Menu
click an Swash then click an Swash Detail in the top right corner of the screen. In the Mixing rate box the
first two mixes you see are PIT to AIL and PIT to ELE. These two mixers are used to level the swash plate
at both ends of the collective travel. If you move the collective stick up you will notice that the two left boxes
are highlighted and if the collective stick is down the two left boxes are highlighted. To make adjustments
click an the highlighted box that you want to adjust then use the data input keys an the right side of the
screen to make adjustments. With the collective stick up at full pitch and looking at the nose of the model
adjust the PIT to AIL mix so that the swash plate is level. Move the collective stick to the bottom and do the
same thing. Tip: Set a pitch gauge to 0 and put the gauge on one of the fly bar paddles.You can use the top
of the rotor head for a level reference. This makes any movement in the swash plate very easy to see. Now
turn the paddle with the pitch gauge 90 degrees so that you are looking at the side of the model. Now adjust
the PIT to ELE mix so that the swash plate at high and low collective.
The next three mixers are used to stop interactions in the swash plate when the collective stick is at 50% or
centered. Adjust the AIL to PIT Mix so that when you give full left and right cyclic the swash plate stays level
in the fore and aft plane as viewed from the side of the model. Next adjust the next two mixers. ELE to AIL
and ELE to PIT so that the swash plate stays level in the right and left plane when full fore and aft cyclic
inputs are made. This is best viewed from the nose of the model.
Next we will adjust the Linkage Compensation. This adjustment compensates for interactions in swash
plate deflection at extreme collective settings. There are four adjustments for high collective and four
adjustments for low collective. With the collective stick at the top and viewing the swash plate from the side
adjudt the Aileron mix so that there is no fore and aft cyclic change in the swash plate when full right and left
cyclic is applied. Now turn the rotor head 90 degrees and do the same adjustments for Elevator. Now lower
the collective stick and go through the entire process again.
Speed Compensation. This adjustment is for 120 degree ECCPM only. Because of the mechanical
advantage of the Aileron and Pitch servo they are twice as fast at getting from full forward cyclinc to full aft
cyclic than the Elevator servo is. This problem is usually only seeen when operating the fore and aft stick
back and forth rapidly. Adjust the Speed Compensation so that the Heim Ball in the middle of the swash
plate doesn’t jump up and down when operating the force and aft cyclic stick rapidly. This setting seems to
be close when adjusted between 15 and 20.
Changing Model Name
In the Linkage Menu click an Model Select, that at the bottom right side of the page click Rename This will
bring up a computer looking keyboard that you can use to change the model name. Use your stylus and
touch the screen just to the rigth of the name in the bottom left corner. Then keep clicking the BS key at the
top right of the keyboard until you have erased the name. Use the keyboard to input the desired name of the
model and the hit Return on the right side of the keyboard to save the name. Click ESC at the top left of the
keyboard to exit this page.
Side: 2/6
T14MZHP Set Up Instructions for Helicopters
Activating Conditions
Go to the Home Page and click on the Model Menu, the box with the helicopter picture. Next click on
Condition Select. This page is where we do our initial set up of our flight conditions or idle ups and throttle
hold. In the red box you will see the word Normal. This is typically known as the hovering condition. Click on
Add at the bottom of the page. Now click on Idle Up-1. Next, click an NULL on the right side Idle Up-1. This
is where you assign whichever switch you want to activate Idle Up-1.Click on your desired switch, then, click
an On Posi. for On Position. Once you determine which switch position you want to activate Idel Up-1 click
on the “on-off” box to the right of the switch diagram that you want to activate the condition. Make sure that
the other positions of the switch are clicked to be OFF. Now click Close. Click on Idle Up-1 to highlight it,
then click Add again. Now using the same process add as many Idle ups as you want or need and then add
throttle hold at the end. Warning: If you are using two idle ups and throttle hold they have to be listed in the
correct order.
Example:
Normal
Idle Up-1
Idle Up-2
Hold
They can not be listed in any other order or they will not function properly. Now return to the Home Page.
Turn all of your condition switches off. Just under the Modell Menu box you will see the word Normal. Pull
on your Idle Up-1 witch and make sure that Normal changes to Idle Up-1. Do the same for your other
conditions to ensure that they are working properly.
Separating Pitch and Throttle Curves, AFR’s Expo’s and Dual Rates
Click on the Model Menu and then Pitch Curve. Just to the left of the graph you will see a red box that has
yellow papers or files in it with Gr. in a small blue section. This stands for Group. And since our flight
conditions are likely to have different pitch curves we need to separate the curves. Click on this box and it
will change to Sngl for single, then click Yes in the Sure ? box that pops up. Do this for Normal each Idel Up
and Throttle Hold. Click out of Pitch Curve and then click Throttle Curve and do the same procedure for all
conditions in Throttle Curve. Click out of Throttle Curve then click an AFR(D/R). Alieron will be in the box
at the left side of the screen. Change the Gr. to Sngl. for each flight condition. Then click on Aileron and
select Elevator and to the same procedure. Now click an Elevator and select Rudder and do the same
procedure. We are just preparing all of these flight condition parameters for later adjustments. This will allow
you to make changes to pitch, throttle, afr’s dual rates and expo’s in one condition without affecting any of
the other condtions. (Another option is to set the basic throws for Normal while still in Gr. Mode and select
Sngl for each additional flight condition for later fine tuning.) Now turn the transmitter off and allow it to save
all the data that you have centered. You are probably in need of a break by now, so take one.
ATV’s
The ATV’s are in the Linkage Manu and any adjustments made to the ATV’s will affect all
conditions.Typically we never used ATV’s much with the 9Z as they would effect programm mixers if you
made any changes o the ATV’s after the mixers are adjusted. So most of us won’t be using the ATV’s with
this radio either. AFR’s are a much better choice if you need an endpoint.
Choosing Between the Many Curve Types for Pitch and Throttle
This radio is very flexible in that it has many different types of curves to choose from for both Pitch and
Throttle. In the Model Menu click an Pitch Curve. At the top right corner of the graph you will see a box that
has the word Linear in it. Clicking an this box will bring up a box with six different types of curves for you to
choose from. Spline is the curve type that is most familiar to those of us coming from Futaba’s 9Z
transmitter. If you click an Spline it will bring up a curve with 9 points that can be adjusted. Any of these 9
Side: 3/6
T14MZHP Set Up Instructions for Helicopters
points can also be removed to create your own type of curce. Simply click on Rate, use the double arrowed
cursors at the bottom right hand side of the graph to move from one point to another. After highlighting the
point to be removed click Delete Use the double arrowed cursors ouce again to move to another point. This
last step will deletet the unwanted point. The single arrowed cursors are used to add more point to the curve.
Example: If you wanted a point between the center point at half stick and the next point up simply highlight
the center point with the double arrowed cursors, then use the single arrowed cursor to put a hollow, square
green box anywhere between the two points. Then click on any of the data input cursors an the far right side
of the screen and the point will be added.
Gyro
In the Model Menu click an Gyro. There are three rates that can be selected and activated by any switch.
Also the gyro gains can be set to automatically change when switching from condition to condition. On the
Rate 1 line and at the far right side of the page you will see the Gr. folder. Click an the folder changing it to
Sngl and then click Yes. Do this for every condition. This will allow different gyro settings for each condition.
Under ACT click on INH changing in to ON. In the next box under Type it should say GY if you are using one
of Futaba’s GY series of gyros. The next box should read AVCS if you want the gyro to be in heading hold
mode and NOR for normal mode. The next box under Rate is where you will make changes to the gyro gain.
This nimber will have to be set for each condition. The next box is for Switch selection if you want to be able
to switch from Rate 1 to Rate 2. If you are wanting to use a seccond rate for Normal Mode or a lower rate
on heading hold mode make sure that you use the same switch for both rates and that you have the switch
turning off rate 1 when it activates rate 2. Change all of the Gr. folders to Sngl for the second rate as well.
To the right of Switch you will see Fine Tuning. Under CTRL you can assign any dial or slider to controll the
gyro gain. The Rate value will allow you to determine how effective the trimmer is. Refer to the GY owners
manuel for instructions an adjusting and setting up the amplifer for Futaba’s GY series of gyros.
Governor
Begin by connecting the GV-1 amplifier to the RX as show in the instructions, where the rpm lead is in
channel 7 and the on/off lead is in channel 8. Next select Governor in the Model menu, select the Rate 1,
INH key under ACT, it will change to ON. Leave Group set to Gr. so that initial setting will carry across to all
flight conditions, they can be separated and changed later. Select the % key on the right side of the screen, it
will change to rpm. Turn on the RX and select the rpm setting screen on the GV-1 amplifier select 2000rpm
in the Set GOV box in the TX governor menue screen and set the GV-1 speed for 2000 rpm. Do the same
for 1500rpm and 1000rpm in the Set GOV box in the TX governor menu screen. This calibrates the GV-1
rpm setting with the TX governor settings.
Now select the 1500rpm key under Rate for Rate 1, and use the up and down arrows that appear on the
right side of the screen to set the desired governor rpm. The rpm screen on the GV-1 amplifer should match
this setting. If different governor speed settings are desired for idle up(s), select the Gr. key under Group,
this key will now display Sngl. Again select the 1500rpm key under Rate for Rate1, and use the up and
down arrows that appear on the right side of the screen to set the desired governor rpm. This will carry
across all the remaining flight conditions. If the same rpm is desired for all remaining Idle up flight conditions,
leave each in the Gr. mode. If not, then repeat the preceding step to set the desired speed for each. To
disable the govenor for autorotations, switch on the throttle hold flight condition and set Group to Sngl and
set Rate to OFF using the arrows.
The above technique yields automatic governor controll and independent speed settings for each flight
condition. Each flight conditions can have up to 3, switch selectable, governor speed settings (including off).
Each speed setting in each flight condition can have independent fine tuning (trim) controll, over a specified
rpm rage if so desired.
Side: 4/6
T14MZHP Set Up Instructions for Helicopters
To control the governor on/off condition, select Function in the Linkage menu, select the NULL key for
Governor 2 function and select the desired switch and direction. Leave the switch selection in the Gr. mode
so that the governor on/off switch is enabled in all flight conditioins if this is desired. On the GV-1 amplifier,
select SWCD menu and see if the on/off position for the TX switch is as desired. If not, use Servo reverse in
der Linkage menu in conjunction with the SWCD on the GV-1 amplifier to abtain the desired switch polarity.
Flight Trimming With Mixers
This section will explain how some of us Contest Types use program mixers to trim the helicopter once we
have the model mechanically trimmed. Although you are free to use the digital trims on the front of the radio,
some of us never use right anf left ot fore and aft cyclic trim. I have actually deactivated mine to eliminate the
possibility of bumping them. We mechanically trim the model for a neutral fore and aft swash plate and about
one turn of right cyclic for a clockwise rotating rotor. After we have adjusted the nose weight for hands off
hovering in calm comditions and adjust the size of the horizontal fin so that the model stays I trim in forward
flight we then start working on mixers to tweak the trims in certain attitudes upstairs. We also use mixiers to
advance or retard the swash plate timing in an effort to make the modell roll correctly in vertikcal lines and
horizontal lines.
In the Model Menu click an Prog. Mixes This will bring up ten mixers that you can use to trim the modell so
that the modell stays in trim in many different flight attitudes. Don’t worry we will only be using a couple of
them. The first mix we use is Collective Stick J3 as the master and AIL as the slave. We are using the
collective stick for the master as opposed to throttle or pitch channel because this will eliminate the mix being
changed if we adjust the throttle or pitch curves. For example: We us the Collective Stick to AIL mixer to
adjust the right and left cyclic trim for forward flight and inverted hover. We do not use the digital trims to
change trims for upstairs flight. Beside mix number 1 click on Inhibit. Now on the left side of the page under
master click an Aileron. At the bottom right corner of the page click on H/W for hardware. Now click on J3
with is the collective stick. This is the master. Click Close and then click Elevator underneath Slave. Click
on Aileron which will be the Slave. At the top left corner of the screen click on INH to activate the mixer.
Now click on Prog. Mixes at the top left corner of the screen which will take you back to the main Program
mix page. Click on Gr. for group out beside mix number 1. Change this to Sngl in every conditions except
normal for hovering. Now click on mix 1 J3 Alieron then click on NULL in the top left corner of the screen
and select your switches. We use our idle up switches and throttle hold to activate this mix. Remember to do
this for each contdition. Click Close then click on Linear at the top right corner of the graph and choose
Spline. This will give you a nine points that you can adjust for various flight attitudes in an effort to keep right
and left cyclic in a trimmed state at all times. Click on the Gr. for group out beside mix number 1. Our models
typically hover at half stick whether we are in normal mode or idle up so we don’t adjust the half stick point in
the mix because we have to do one aerobatic maneuver that has hovering in it. Now with the model flying
along at all the stick position above half stick adjust each point so that the model stays in trim. Then roll the
model to inverted flight and do the same. Whether you are hovering or flying around the modell should
always be very close to trim on right and left cyclic. Adjusting the points requires the same procedure as in
pitch or throttle curves. Remember you can also add or remove points if desired.
The second mix we use is Aileron master to Elevator slave, but we will be using J1 which is the right and
left cyclic stick for the master for the same reasons we used J3 for the master in our first mix. Follow all of
the steps above in the first mix to set up the J1 to Elevator mix. You can use mix number two for the location
of this mix. This mix is a little tougher to fine tune than the first mix as it will require quite a bit of time at the
flying field to get it adjusted properly for each idle up. The mix should be adjust so that the model will roll in a
perfect line in idle up 1 for vertikal up and down rolls. Then it should be adjusted in idle up two so that the
model rolls in a perfekt line while doing horizontal rolls. Note: we do not use this mix in throttle hold. Note:
Left rolls generally require a little down elevator mix and right rolls generally require a little up elevator mix,
but I have found that when starting a left roll I have to give it up elevator right off of center as I start the roll to
keep the nose up. This is why we use a spline curve so that you can vary the mix in any direction to give the
model what it needs to execute a perfect roll. Feel to contact Cliff or myself if need further instructions an
how to use these mixers.
Side: 5/6
T14MZHP Set Up Instructions for Helicopters
Throttle Hold
In the Model Menu click an Thottle Hold. Now you have to decide whether you want to use Thottle Cut
which means when you are approaching the start of an auto you will pull the throttle hold switch, but nothing
will happen until you lower the collective stick below a preset position. Once past that position the engine will
go to idle where it will remain until you switch out of throttle hold. Very few contest pilots use this option
because of the inherent risks. Example: If you pull thottle hold on and for some reason abort the auto before
hold is activated you may forget to turn off throttle hold and go do some maneuver. You could find yourself
upside down and lowering the collective when all of the sudden the engine goes to idle. This is not desirable
thing to have happen. So most of us use Throttle Hold which can be found on the right side of the screen.
Pull an the switch you have assigned for throttle hold. In the throttle hold box on the right side of the screen
click an Gr. and turn it to Sngl in throttle hold condition only. Now activate throttle hold by clicking on INH.
Now at the bottom of this box click on NULL beside Switch. Choose the same switch that choose for throttle
hold in the Condition Select Menu and set it’s ON position. In the same box you will see Mode. This should
be set to Manual. We generally leave throttle holds idle position tied to the throttle trim so that the engine
idles at the same speed in throttle hold that it does in normal mode.
Saving Models To The Flash Card
My first thoght and recommendation here is that is a computer and strange things happen sometimes.
Always back up your models to the flash card so as to protect your programm. If you make changes at the
flying field remember to save the model when you get home.
As far as I can tell, the 14MZ will not overwrite any program as the 9Z would. If you save a model to the flash
card, it will createt a different model, If you copy the same model to the card more than once it creates a
different model with a suffix. For example: If I save my Tempset to the card I get tempest. I copy it again, on
the card I see Tempest-1 I If repeat I get Tempest-2. I can delete the old programs and rename the newest
copy to Tempest and I have the latest version only in the card. It works the same way in the transmitter, If I
copy from the card, I get a different model and I must delete the originag and rename the copy. BE
CAREFUL when you do this so as to NOT delete your primary program. A good idea would be to put the
days date after your model name so you will know when you updatet last.
Side: 6/6
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