Synology DiskStation User`s Guide

Synology DiskStation User`s Guide
Synology DiskStation User's Guide
Based on Firmware DSM 2.3-1139
Document ID
Applied Models
100604DSMUGENU
DS110+
DS210j
DS409Slim
DS110j
DS209
DS1010+
DS109
DS411+
RS409
DS710+
DS410
RS810+
DS210+
DS410j
RS810RP+
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Synology DiskStation At a Glance
1-Bay & 2-Bay Models ............................................................................................................................................................ 7
4-Bay Models ........................................................................................................................................................................... 9
5-Bay Models ......................................................................................................................................................................... 12
Chapter 2: Get Started with Synology DiskStation Manager
Install Synology DiskStation ................................................................................................................................................ 13
Log In to Synology DiskStation Manager .......................................................................................................................... 13
Management UI Appearance .............................................................................................................................................. 19
Customize the Management UI........................................................................................................................................... 20
Chapter 3: Modify System Settings
Change Network Settings .................................................................................................................................................... 24
Specify Default Languages .................................................................................................................................................. 27
Set Up Time ........................................................................................................................................................................... 28
Use Energy Saving Features .............................................................................................................................................. 29
Chapter 4: Manage Storage Space
What is Volume? ................................................................................................................................................................... 31
Manage Volumes with Volume Manager ........................................................................................................................... 32
Create an iSCSI Target ........................................................................................................................................................ 35
Attach an External Disk ........................................................................................................................................................ 36
Chapter 5: Connect from the Internet
Use the EZ-Internet Wizard ................................................................................................................................................. 38
Connect to the Internet via PPPoE ..................................................................................................................................... 39
Set Up Port Forwarding Rules for Router .......................................................................................................................... 39
Give Synology DiskStation a DDNS Hostname ................................................................................................................ 42
Chapter 6: Enhance Internet Security
Enable HTTPS Connection with SSL/TLS Protection...................................................................................................... 44
Prevent Unauthorized Connection with Firewall ............................................................................................................... 45
Automatically Block Suspicious Login Attempts ............................................................................................................... 46
Chapter 7: Set Up File Sharing
Enable File Sharing Protocols for All Platforms ................................................................................................................ 48
Join a Windows ADS Domain or Workgroup .................................................................................................................... 50
Manage Users and Groups.................................................................................................................................................. 50
Set Up Shared Folders ......................................................................................................................................................... 54
Chapter 8: Access Files from Anywhere
Access Files within the Intranet........................................................................................................................................... 59
Access Files via FTP ............................................................................................................................................................ 62
Access Files via File Station ................................................................................................................................................ 63
Chapter 9: Back Up Data
Back Up Computer Data ...................................................................................................................................................... 72
2
Back Up Data on Synology DiskStation............................................................................................................................. 74
Use USBCopy to Back Up Data on USB Device .............................................................................................................. 77
Chapter 10: Host Websites, Email Server, and Printer Server
Enable Web Station to Host Websites ............................................................................................................................... 78
Install Mail Station Package to Host Email Server ........................................................................................................... 81
Set Synology DiskStation as the Printer Server ............................................................................................................... 82
Chapter 11: Share Photos, Videos, and Blogs with Photo Station
Enable Photo Station ............................................................................................................................................................ 84
Manage Photo Station User Accounts ............................................................................................................................... 86
Manage and View Albums ................................................................................................................................................... 87
Use the Blog .......................................................................................................................................................................... 92
Chapter 12: Play Music with Audio Station
Enable Audio Station ............................................................................................................................................................ 95
Choose Audio Source........................................................................................................................................................... 96
Organize Your Music ............................................................................................................................................................ 98
Play Music ............................................................................................................................................................................ 100
Chapter 13: Download Files with Download Station
Enable Download Station................................................................................................................................................... 104
Download BT/HTTP/FTP/NZB Files ................................................................................................................................. 105
Download via eMule ........................................................................................................................................................... 109
Chapter 14: Safeguard Your Environment with Surveillance Station
Enable Surveillance Station............................................................................................................................................... 113
Manage IP Cameras ........................................................................................................................................................... 113
Watch Live View .................................................................................................................................................................. 118
Record and Manage Event ................................................................................................................................................ 121
Use E-Map ........................................................................................................................................................................... 127
Receive Email or SMS Notification ................................................................................................................................... 128
Configure Centralized Management................................................................................................................................. 128
View Log ............................................................................................................................................................................... 129
Assign Privilege ................................................................................................................................................................... 130
About Camera License ....................................................................................................................................................... 130
Use VisualStation ................................................................................................................................................................ 131
Chapter 15: Manage Media Server and iTunes Service
Manage DLNA Media Server ............................................................................................................................................ 132
Manage iTunes Service ..................................................................................................................................................... 135
Chapter 16: Perform Advanced Management Tasks
Check System Status ......................................................................................................................................................... 137
Check Logs .......................................................................................................................................................................... 138
Monitor System Resources................................................................................................................................................ 139
Change Administrator's Password.................................................................................................................................... 139
Receive Event Notification ................................................................................................................................................. 140
Restore Synology DiskStation to Factory Defaults......................................................................................................... 141
Reinstall Synology DiskStation ......................................................................................................................................... 142
Upgrade Firmware for Synology DiskStation .................................................................................................................. 142
Manage Packages .............................................................................................................................................................. 143
Enable SNMP Service ........................................................................................................................................................ 143
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Table of Contents
Access Synology DiskStation via Telnet or SSH ............................................................................................................ 144
Enable Write Cache Support for Hard drives .................................................................................................................. 144
Check Hard drive Status .................................................................................................................................................... 145
Chapter 17: Communicate with Mobile Devices
Use iPhone Apps ................................................................................................................................................................ 146
Use Other Mobile Devices ................................................................................................................................................. 146
Appendix A: Synology DiskStation Specifications
1-Bay Models ....................................................................................................................................................................... 147
2-Bay Models ....................................................................................................................................................................... 148
4-Bay Models ....................................................................................................................................................................... 149
5-Bay Models ....................................................................................................................................................................... 150
Limitations ............................................................................................................................................................................ 152
Appendix B: LED Indication Tables
1-Bay Models ....................................................................................................................................................................... 153
2-Bay Models ....................................................................................................................................................................... 154
4-Bay Models ....................................................................................................................................................................... 156
5-Bay Models ....................................................................................................................................................................... 158
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Table of Contents
Introduction
Congratulations on your purchase of Synology DiskStation. Synology DiskStation is a multi-functional NetworkAttached Storage server, serving as a file-sharing center within your Intranet. Moreover, it is specially designed
for a variety of purpose, allowing you to perform the following tasks with the web-based Synology DiskStation
Manager:
Store and Share Files over the Internet
Windows users, Mac users, and Linux users can easily share files within the Intranet or through the Internet.
Unicode language support makes sharing files in different languages from Synology DiskStation simple.
Transfer Files via FTP
Synology DiskStation provides FTP service with bandwidth restriction and anonymous login. To transfer data
safely, FTP over SSL/TLS and uninvited IP auto-block are also available.
Manage Files with Web-Based File Station
One of Synology DiskStation Manager’s applications, File Station, can make it possible for users to manage their
files on Synology DiskStation easily through a web interface with Windows style file operations. You can also
access the files stored on Synology DiskStation with a mobile device.
Share Storage Capacity as iSCSI Target
You can designate portion of your Synology DiskStation volume space to be an iSCSI Target, which will allow the
iSCSI initiator to access the space like a local disk.
Back Up Files on Computer and Server
Synology DiskStation provides various backup solutions to back up PC data to Synology DiskStation, back up
Synology DiskStation data to an external hard drive, another Synology DiskStation, or an rsync-compatible server.
Enjoy Entertainment Content on the Server
Download Station allows you to download files from the Internet through BitTorrent, FTP, HTTP, eMule and NZB
to Synology DiskStation. Moreover, if you have an UPnP DMA connected in the LAN, you can share the
1
multimedia files on Synology DiskStation . If you just want to share and play mp3 files stored on
Synology DiskStation, you can enable iTunes Service, and enjoy the music through any iTunes clients on LAN.
The built-in USBCopy button on the device allows instant copy of photos from the camera to
2
Synology DiskStation.
Share Photos, Videos, and Blogs with Photo Station
Photo Station gives you the freedom to share photos and videos over the Internet without complicated upload
steps. Album control ensures the content is shared with the right persons. Visitors can leave comments for your
photos. Furthermore, a brand new blogging system is integrated for you to easily share your life and thoughts
over the Internet.
Enjoy Music Anytime and Anywhere
Audio Station allows users to listen to music stored on the Synology DiskStation, from a connected iPod, or even
stream Internet Radio stations. In addition, users can stream music from the Synology DiskStation with a web
browser over the Internet.
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2
5
For recommended peripheral models, including hard drive, USB printer, DMA, and UPS, please visit www.synology.com.
USBCopy is supported on specific models only. See "Appendix A: Synology DiskStation Specifications" on Page 147 for more
information.
Host Websites
The Virtual Host feature allows you to host up to 30 websites using Web Station, with PHP and MySQL
supported.
Record Videos with IP Cameras
Surveillance Station allows you to manage, view, and record videos from multiple IP cameras over the network.
By accessing the web-based management interface of Surveillance Station, you can watch the real-time image
the camera is monitoring, and record videos continuously, in motion-detection mode, or in alarm-recording mode.
USB Printer Server
1
You can share up to 2 USB 2.0 Printers through the LAN.
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6
For recommended peripheral models, including hard drive, USB printer, DMA, and UPS, please visit www.synology.com.
Introduction
Chapter
Chapter 1:
Synology DiskStation At a Glance
1-Bay & 2-Bay Models
Article Name
Location
Description
Power Button
Front Panel
To turn off Synology DiskStation, press the Power Button and hold it until you hear a
beep sound and the Power LED starts blinking.
LED Indicators
Front Panel
The LED indicator is used to display the status of the internal disk and the system.
For more information, see "Appendix B: LED Indication Tables" on Page 153.
USBCopy Button
Front Panel
The USBCopy Button lights up when you connect a USB Device (for example: digital
camera, USB flash disk) to the USB port on the front panel. Pressing the button will
copy the data from the connected USB device to Synology DiskStation’s internal
HDD.
USB Port
Front & Back
Panel
The Synology DiskStation offers USB ports for adding additional external hard drives,
USB printers, or other USB devices.
eSATA Port1
Front Panel
The eSATA port is for connecting with an external SATA HDD.
Fan
Back Panel
The fan is built to exhaust waste heat out of Synology DiskStation. It will start
automatically when the server starts. If the fan is malfunctioning, system will beep
every 1 second.
RESET Button
Back Panel
1. To restore IP, DNS, passwords for the admin account to default value.
2. To reinstall the Synology DiskStation.
The Power Button is used to turn Synology DiskStation on or off.
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7
eSATA Port is supported on specific models only. See "Appendix A: Synology DiskStation Specifications" on Page 147 for
more information.
1
Article Name
Location
LAN Port
Back Panel
The LAN port is where you connect RJ-45 cable to Synology DiskStation.
Description
Power Port
Back Panel
The power port is where you connect the AC adapter to Synology DiskStation.
DS710+
Article Name
Location
Description
Power Button
Front Panel
LED Indicators
Front Panel
The LED indicator is used to display the status of the internal disk and the system.
For more information, see "Appendix B: LED Indication Tables" on Page 153.
USBCopy Button
Front Panel
The USBCopy Button lights up when you connect a USB Device (for example: digital
camera, USB flash disk) to the USB port on the front panel. Pressing the button will
copy the data from the connected USB device to Synology DiskStation’s internal
HDD.
USB Port
Front & Back
Panel
The Synology DiskStation offers USB ports for adding additional external hard drives,
USB printers, or other USB devices.
eSATA Port
Back Panel
The eSATA port is for connecting with an external SATA HDD.
RESET Button
Back Panel
1. To restore IP, DNS, passwords for the admin account to default value.
2. To reinstall the Synology DiskStation.
Hard Drive Tray
Back Panel
The hard drive tray is designed for loading the hard drives used in
Synology DiskStation.
Hard Drive Tray
Lock
Back Panel
Each hard drive tray is equipped with one tray lock to lock or unlock the trays to the
DiskStation.
VGA Port
Back Panel
The VGA port is where you connect Synology DiskStation directly to a LCD monitor.
LAN Port
Back Panel
The LAN port is where you connect RJ-45 cable to Synology DiskStation.
Power Port
Back Panel
The power port is where you connect the AC adapter to Synology DiskStation.
The Power Button is used to turn Synology DiskStation on or off.
8
To turn off Synology DiskStation, press the Power Button and hold it until you hear a
beep sound and the Power LED starts blinking.
Chapter 1: Synology DiskStation At a Glance
4-Bay Models
DiskStation
Article Name
Location
Description
Power Button
Front Panel
To turn off Synology DiskStation, press the Power Button and hold it until you hear a
beep sound and the Power LED starts blinking. The shutdown process will complete
in 30 seconds
LED Indicators
Front Panel
The LED indicator is used to display the status of the internal disk and the system.
For more information, see "Appendix B: LED Indication Tables" on Page 153.
USB Port
Back Panel
The Synology DiskStation offers USB ports for adding additional external hard drives,
USB printers, or other USB devices.
Fan
Back Panel
The fan is built to exhaust waste heat out of Synology DiskStation. It will start
automatically when the server starts. If the fan is malfunctioning, system will beep
every 1 second.
eSATA Port1
Back Panel
The eSATA port is for connecting with an external SATA HDD.
RESET Button
Back Panel
1. To restore IP, DNS, passwords for the admin account to default value.
2. To reinstall the Synology DiskStation.
LAN Port
Back Panel
The LAN port is where you connect RJ-45 cable to Synology DiskStation.
Power Port
Back Panel
The power port is where you connect the AC adapter to Synology DiskStation.
The Power Button is used to turn Synology DiskStation on or off.
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9
eSATA Port is supported on specific models only. See "Appendix A: Synology DiskStation Specifications" on Page 147 for
more information.
Chapter 1: Synology DiskStation At a Glance
1U RackStation
Article Name
Location
Description
The Power Button is used to turn Synology DiskStation on or off.
10
To turn off Synology DiskStation, press the Power Button and hold it until you hear a
beep sound and the Power LED starts blinking. The shutdown process will complete
in 30 seconds.
Power Button
Front Panel
LED Indicators
Front Panel
The LED indicator is used to display the status of the internal disk and the system.
For more information, see "Appendix B: LED Indication Tables" on Page 153.
Hard Drive Tray
Front Panel
The hard drive tray is designed for loading the hard drives used in
Synology DiskStation.
USB Port
Back Panel
The Synology DiskStation offers USB ports for adding additional external hard drives,
USB printers, or other USB devices.
Fan
Back Panel
The fan is built to exhaust waste heat out of Synology DiskStation. It will start
automatically when the server starts. If the fan is malfunctioning, system will beep
every 1 second.
eSATA Port
Back Panel
The eSATA port is for connecting with an external SATA HDD.
RESET Button
Back Panel
1. To restore IP, DNS, passwords for the admin account to default value.
2. To reinstall the Synology DiskStation.
LAN Port
Back Panel
The LAN port is where you connect RJ-45 cable to Synology DiskStation.
Console Port
Back Panel
The console port is where you connect Synology DiskStation directly to a computer.
Power Port
Back Panel
The power port is where you connect the AC adapter to Synology DiskStation.
Chapter 1: Synology DiskStation At a Glance
DS409slim
Article Name
Location
Description
The Power Button is used to turn Synology DiskStation on or off.
11
To turn off Synology DiskStation, press the Power Button and hold it until you hear a
beep sound and the Power LED starts blinking. The shutdown process will complete
in 30 seconds.
Power Button
Front Panel
LED Indicators
Front Panel
The LED indicator is used to display the status of the internal disk and the system.
For more information, see "Appendix B: LED Indication Tables" on Page 153.
USBCopy Button
Front Panel
The USBCopy Button lights up when you connect a USB Device (for example: digital
camera, USB flash disk) to the USB port on the front panel. Pressing the button will
copy the data from the connected USB device to Synology DiskStation’s internal
HDD.
USB Port
Front & Back
Panel
The Synology DiskStation offers USB ports for adding additional external hard drives,
USB printers, or other USB devices.
eSATA Port
Back Panel
The eSATA port is for connecting with an external SATA HDD.
RESET Button
Back Panel
1. To restore IP, DNS, passwords for the admin account to default value.
2. To reinstall the Synology DiskStation.
LAN Port
Back Panel
The LAN port is where you connect RJ-45 cable to Synology DiskStation.
Hard Drive Tray
Back Panel
The hard drive tray is designed for loading the hard drives used in
Synology DiskStation.
Power Port
Back Panel
The power port is where you connect the AC adapter to Synology DiskStation.
Chapter 1: Synology DiskStation At a Glance
5-Bay Models
DS1010+
Article Name
Location
Description
The Power Button is used to turn Synology DiskStation on or off.
12
To turn off Synology DiskStation, press the Power Button and hold it until you hear a
beep sound and the Power LED starts blinking. The shutdown process will complete
in 30 seconds.
Power Button
Front Panel
LED Indicators
Front Panel
The LED indicator is used to display the status of the internal disk and the system.
For more information, see "Appendix B: LED Indication Tables" on Page 153.
Hard Drive Tray
Front Panel
The hard drive tray is designed for loading the hard drives used in
Synology DiskStation.
Hard Drive Tray
Lock
Front Panel
Each hard drive tray is equipped with one tray lock to lock/unlock the trays to the
DiskStation.
USB Port
Back Panel
The Synology DiskStation offers USB ports for adding additional external hard drives,
USB printers, or other USB devices.
Fan
Back Panel
The fan is built to exhaust waste heat out of Synology DiskStation. It will start
automatically when the server starts. If the fan is malfunctioning, system will beep
every 1 second.
eSATA Port
Back Panel
The eSATA port is for connecting with an external SATA HDD.
RESET Button
Back Panel
1. To restore IP, DNS, passwords for the admin account to default value.
2. To reinstall the Synology DiskStation.
LAN Port
Back Panel
The LAN port is where you connect RJ-45 cable to Synology DiskStation.
VGA Port
Back Panel
The VGA port is where you connect Synology DiskStation directly to a LCD monitor.
Power Port
Back Panel
The power port is where you connect the power cord to Synology DiskStation.
Chapter 1: Synology DiskStation At a Glance
Chapter
Chapter 2:
Get Started with Synology DiskStation
Manager
This Chapter explains how to log in to Synology DiskStation's web-based management UI, Synology DiskStation
Manager, and manage its appearance and options.
Install Synology DiskStation
For more information setting up Synology DiskStation and installing its firmware, see the Quick Installation
Guide that came with your installation CD.
Log In to Synology DiskStation Manager
You can log in to Synology DiskStation Manager with Synology Assistant or with a web browser.
Use Synology Assistant
You can use Synology Assistant for Windows, Mac, and Linux to log in to Synology DiskStation.
Windows User:
1 Insert the Installation CD into CD/DVD-Rom Drive.
2 Choose Synology Assistant on the autorun menu.
3 Follow the steps to complete installation.
4 After installation, double-click on the desktop icon to execute the program.
13
2
5 Choose the server you want to manage. Click Connect or double-click the selected server to enter the Web
Management UI.
6 Choose System administrator (admin), input password, and click Login. The default password is empty.
Mac OS X User:
1 Insert the Installation CD into CD/DVD-Rom Drive.
2 Double-click the CD-Rom Drive icon.
14
Chapter 2: Get Started with Synology DiskStation Manager
3 Double-click the MacOSX icon, and then double-click the Synology Assistant-SYNOLOGY.dmg icon.
4 Double-click the Synology Assistant icon to run setup wizard.
15
Chapter 2: Get Started with Synology DiskStation Manager
5 Choose a Synology DiskStation. Click Connect or double-click the selected server to enter the Web
Management UI.
6 Choose System administrator (admin), input password and click Login. The default password is empty.
16
Chapter 2: Get Started with Synology DiskStation Manager
Linux (Ubuntu) User:
1 Insert the installation CD into your computer, and then double-click the SynologyInstall icon on the desktop.
2 In the File Browser window that appears, double-click the Linux folder, and then double-click Synology
Assistant-2.3-[number].tar.gz.
3 Click Extract, and then extract the SynologyAssistant directory to the path /usr/local or any other path.
4 Go to the path /usr/local/SynologyAssistant (or [the path you just specified]/SynologyAssistant), doubleclick SynologyAssistant, and then select Run in Terminal in the dialog box that appears.
17
Chapter 2: Get Started with Synology DiskStation Manager
5 Choose a Synology DiskStation. Click Connect or double-click the selected server to enter the Web
Management UI.
6 Choose System administrator (admin), input password and click Login. The default password is empty.
Note: To ensure the process runs smoothly, please use the following browsers.
 Internet Explorer: 7.0 or onward
 Firefox: 3.0 or onward
 Safari: 3.0 or onward
18
Chapter 2: Get Started with Synology DiskStation Manager
Use a Web Browser
1 Open a web browser window.
2 In the address bar, input http://Synology_Server_Name:5000/.
Note: Synology_Server_Name should be replaced with the name you set up for Synology DiskStation during the
setup process. If you choose One-step Setup during the setup process, the Synology_Server_Name will be
DiskStation, CubeStation, or RackStation.
3 Press Enter key on the keyboard.
4 Choose System administrator (admin).
5 Input the password for admin.
6 Click Login to access Web Management UI.
Management UI Appearance
After you connect to Synology DiskStation Manager, you can click the Management icon to enter its
Management UI. The Management UI is divided into the following sections.
Management Section (Left)
Click the left bar of the Management UI to reveal the management section, which contains all of the
Synology DiskStation functions categorized by folders.
19
Chapter 2: Get Started with Synology DiskStation Manager
Main Section (Center)
You can select a function and see its detailed information or settings in the main section.
Help Section (Right)
If you have any question about dealing with the settings, click the Help button (with the book icon) at the right
side to reveal the help section, where you can get useful help by following the detailed instructions.
Banner Section (Top)
The banner at the top of Synology DiskStation Manager includes the following items:
 At the upper part are icons of enabled applications, including File Station, Audio Station,
Surveillance Station, and Download Station.
 At the lower part are links and menus you can use to go to the Desktop (where you can see the icons of
frequently-used functions), log out of your account, and shut down or restart your Synology DiskStation.
Customize the Management UI
You can click the Home, Options, and Customization buttons along the top of the management section to
customize Synology DiskStation Manager.
Show the Home Page
Click the Home button (with the house icon) at the top of the management section to see the Home page in the
main section.
There are two modes for the Home page:
 Complete Mode: Display icons of all of the management functions in the main section.
 Wizard Mode: Display icons of the Synology DiskStation wizards to help you quickly set up
Synology DiskStation, including creating user accounts, shared folders, and photo albums; connecting to the
Internet; backing up server data; setting up FTP service.
To switch the Home page to complete or wizard mode:
Click the Complete Mode or Wizard Mode link at the top-right corner of the Home page.
20
Chapter 2: Get Started with Synology DiskStation Manager
Modify the Options for Synology DiskStation Manager
Click the Options button at the top of the management section to modify the following options for
Synology DiskStation Manager.
Logout Timer
In this section, enter any value between 1 to 65535 to specify the idle time period before the automatic logout
occurs.
Default Port Number
In this section, specify the default port number for Management UI, Audio Station, and File Station.
Preferences
Tick the following checkboxes to edit the preferences for your Synology DiskStation Manager.
 Display the Home page in complete mode: See the Home page in complete mode.
 Show the quick search box: Display the quick search box at the bottom of the management section. You can
enter keywords in the search box to locate the functions quickly.
 Use mini banner: Activate the mini banner to save vertical space. You need to click the Refresh button of
your web browser for the change to take effect.
 Skip Desktop and go to the application directly after login: Go to the selected application directly after
login.
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Chapter 2: Get Started with Synology DiskStation Manager
Show/Hide Management Functions
You can show or hide any functions in the management section to display only the functions you want.
To show/hide management functions:
1 Click the Customization button (with the window icon) at the top of the management section to start
customizing which functions should be shown in the management section.
2 Click the OK button at the bottom to apply the changes.
Reveal the Management Section
By default, the management section is hidden. You need to click the left bar to reveal the management section.
To reveal the management section, do any of the following:
 Click the right arrow (>>) at the top of the left bar to reveal the management section and lock it in position.
 Click anywhere in the left bar to reveal the management section, which will be hidden automatically after the
mouse cursor leaves it for one second.
22
Chapter 2: Get Started with Synology DiskStation Manager
Add Frequently-Used Functions to My Favorites
You can add frequently-used functions to the My Favorites drop-menu (with the star icon) at the top of the
management section for quick access.
To add a function to My Favorites:
1 Click the Home button (with the house icon) at the top of the management section to see the Home page in
the main section. Make sure the Home page is in the Wizard Mode.
Note: For more information about the Wizard Mode, see "Show the Home Page" on Page 20.
2 Drag a function you want to the My Favorites section of the Home page. You will see the icons of the function
in the My Favorites section.
To access a function using My Favorites:
Choose the function you want to access from the My Favorites drop-down menu (with the star icon).
23
Chapter 2: Get Started with Synology DiskStation Manager
Chapter
Chapter 3:
Modify System Settings
After you have successfully connected to Synology DiskStation Manager, you can begin to modify its basic
settings.
This chapter explains how to change the network settings, specify default languages, set up time, and use energy
saving features.
Change Network Settings
Go to System > Network to modify the network settings of your Synology DiskStation.
Server Name
In this section, you can change your Synology DiskStation identification on the network by entering a new server
name.
LAN
In this section, you can decide how your Synology DiskStation obtains its IP address here.
 Get network configuration automatically (DHCP): Get IP address automatically via DHCP.
24
3
 Use manual configuration: Manually enter the IP address, subnet mask, DNS, and gateway.
Link Aggregation
Synology DiskStation supports dual LAN, allowing you to connect to the network with the two LAN cables at the
1
same time, or to assign Synology DiskStation with two IP addresses under different subnets.
With Link Aggregation enabled, trunking and network fault tolerances are supported.
Mode descriptions:
 IEEE 802.3ad Dynamic Link Aggregation: IEEE 802.3ad is the standard for most Link Aggregation
implementations. A switch with 802.3ad support is required to use in this mode.
 Network Fault Tolerance only: If the LAN 1 port becomes unavailable, the system will use LAN 2 to provide
service. You can select this option if your switch does not support IEEE 802.3ad.
Note: Both LAN cables must reside on the same switch to use the Link Aggregation.
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Link Aggregation is supported on specific models only.
Chapter 3: Modify System Settings
Wireless Network
1
Click the Wireless Network tab to connect Synology DiskStation to a wireless network.
Note: Wireless network is available only when a wireless dongle is plugged into the USB port of your Synology
DiskStation.
To set up a wireless network:
Click Set up a wireless network and choose from the following options (If you are already connected to a
wireless network, click Disconnect first).
 Join a wireless network: The wizard will scan available wireless access points or Ad-Hoc networks with their
signal strength and security status. If the access point you want to access is locked with password protection,
the wizard will ask you to enter the password.
 Connect to a hidden wireless network: If an access point doesn't broadcast its SSID (Network Name) for
privacy reason, it will not be discovered during the scanning. You can manually connect to those hidden
access points by entering the required information manually.
 Create an Ad-Hoc Network: In addition to infrastructure network, in which a central access point (AP) bridges
the wireless network to a wired Ethernet network, Ad-Hoc network is also widely used. In an Ad-Hoc network,
all wireless devices within range of each other can communicate in a peer-to-peer fashion without a central
access point. To set up an Ad-Hoc network, all wireless devices have to be configured for Ad-Hoc mode
instead of the infrastructure mode.
Note: For a list of compatible wireless dongles, visit www.synology.com.
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26
Wireless network is supported on specific models only.
Chapter 3: Modify System Settings
Specify Default Languages
Go to System > Language to set the language for Synology DiskStation Manager, enable email notification, and
specify the codepage for Unicode filename conversion.
 Display Language: Choose your preferred display language, or have it the same as your default browser
setting.
 Email Language: Set your preferred language for email notification from Synology DiskStation.
 Codepage: Synology DiskStation uses Unicode to avoid file inaccessibility from computers using different
languages. But for the following devices or applications to use Synology DiskStation services without problem,
you need to choose the appropriate codepage for them:
 Computers without Unicode support
 Applications that convert non-Unicode strings to Unicode, such as FTP service, UPnP support, music
metadata indexing
27
Chapter 3: Modify System Settings
Set Up Time
Go to System > Time to set up the time. You can check the current time, manually set the server's date and time,
or have them set automatically using a network time server.
To set the time zone:
Choose an option from the Time zone drop-down menu.
To set the date and time manually:
Choose Manually and select the date and time.
To sync the date and time with NTP server:
1 Choose Synchronize with a NTP server.
2 Assign a sync frequency from the drop-down menu.
3 Enter the address of your network time server.
Note: The main purpose of Network Time Protocol (NTP) is for synchronizing clocks of computer system over data
network. Below are a few recommended NTP servers:
 time.apple.com
 time.asia.apple.com
 time.euro.apple.com
 time.nist.gov
 time.windows.com
For more information about NTP Server, please visit http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/ntp/servers.html
28
Chapter 3: Modify System Settings
Use Energy Saving Features
Synology DiskStation comes with many energy saving features, such as power recovery, HDD hibernation,
scheduled power on/off, wake on LAN, and fan control, allowing you to automatically restart Synology DiskStation
when the power is restored and save power consumption when Synology DiskStation is not active.
Go to System > Power to set up those energy saving features.
Power Recovery
If the system shut down abnormally due to a power failure, the power recovery function allows the system to boot
up automatically after the power is restored.
Scheduled Power On/Off
You can set the system to power on or power off automatically at a specified time. To do this, check the Enable
1
scheduled power on or Enable scheduled power off checkbox and specify the time you wish.
--------1
29
Scheduled Power On is supported on specific models only. See "Appendix A: Synology DiskStation Specifications" on Page
147 for more information.
Chapter 3: Modify System Settings
Wake on LAN
After ticking Enable Wake on LAN, you can turn on Synology DiskStation over the local area network or the
Internet by using a WOL (Wake on LAN) application. Activate the function by entering the IP address (or DDNS
1
hostname) and the MAC address of your DiskStation.
Wake on LAN works only after Synology DiskStation is shut down properly by pressing the Power button or
selecting Shutdown from the DSM management UI, and its power cord is plugged into a working power outlet.
Note: You can also perform Wake on LAN for supported Synology DiskStation with Synology Assistant. See the help
of Synology Assistant for more information.
HDD Hibernation
You can set the internal hard drive, external eSATA or USB disk to hibernation mode and it will stop spinning as if
it had been inactive for some amount of time. This helps to save energy and extend the hard drive lifespan.
Fan Control
2
You can choose the appropriate fan speed mode (3.5" or 2.5") for different hard drive sizes accordingly.
--------1
Wake on LAN is supported on specific models only. See "Appendix A: Synology DiskStation Specifications" on Page 147 for
more information.
2
Fan Control is supported on specific models only. See "Appendix A: Synology DiskStation Specifications" on Page 147 for
more information.
30
Chapter 3: Modify System Settings
Chapter
Chapter 4:
4
Manage Storage Space
Before sharing Synology DiskStation services with your users, you need to set up storage spaces first.
This chapter explains how to use Volume Manager to set up storage space, including volumes and iSCSI Targets,
access external disks with Synology DiskStation Manager, and check hard drive's status.
What is Volume?
A volume is the combination of several hard drives into one storage space for centralized management.
If you buy a Synology DiskStation with 2 or more bays, you can choose between several volume types. Some
types of volume can provide data protection to prevent data loss caused by disk failure.
Synology DiskStation Supported Volume Types
Volume
Type
Data
Protection
HDD #
Basic
No
1
A Basic volume must be created with one hard drive as an independent
unit. When creating a Basic volume, you can select only one hard drive at a 1 x (HDD size)
time.
JBOD1
No
≧2
JBOD is a collection of hard drives.
RAID 01
No
≧2
Combining multiple disks to build a volume, RAID 0 offers Striping, a
process of dividing data into blocks and spreading the data blocks across
several hard drives, but without safety measures.
N2 x (Smallest
HDD size)
Optimized by
the system
Smallest HDD
size
Volume
Capacity
Sum of all
HDD sizes
Standard
Yes
≧1
The Standard volume (also known as Synology Hybrid RAID) can
optimize the volume size when combining hard drives with different sizes. If
the volume is composed of two or more hard drives, data integrity is
protected when one of the hard drives fails.
RAID 11
Yes
2-4
The system will write identical data to each hard drive at the same time, so
data integrity is protected when at least one disk is normal.
RAID 51
Yes
≧3
This configuration includes a backup option. It uses parity mode to store
redundant data on space equal to the size of one disk for later data
recovery.
(N – 1) x
(Smallest
HDD size)
RAID
5+Spare1
Yes
≧4
A RAID 5+Spare volume requires at least four drives, and one will act as a
hot spare drive to rebuild the failed drive of the volume automatically.
(N – 2) x
(Smallest
HDD size)
RAID 61
Yes
≧4
This volume type eliminates the risk of volume failure and provides extra
data protection. It uses parity mode to store redundant data on space equal
to the size of two disks for later data recovery.
(N – 2) x
(Smallest
HDD size)
RAID 101
Yes
RAID 10 has the performance of RAID 0 and data protection level of RAID
1. RAID 10 combines two hard drives into a group, in which data integrity is
(even
number) protected when one of the two hard drives fails.
(N / 2) x
(Smallest
HDD size)
--------1
Description
≧4
Volume types except for Basic are supported on specific models only. See "Appendix A: Synology DiskStation Specifications"
on Page 147 for more information.
2
"N" represents the total number of hard drives within the volume.
31
Manage Volumes with Volume Manager
Go to Storage > Volume Manager, where you can create, remove, repair or expand volumes, or change the
volume type.
Create a Volume
Click Create and follow the wizard to create a volume.
Remove a Volume
1 Select the volume you want to remove.
2 Click Remove and follow the wizard to remove the volume.
Note: Data stored on the volume will be deleted after you remove the volume. Be careful using this option.
Repair a Volume
The repair function is available for RAID 1, RAID 10, RAID 5, RAID 5+Spare, and RAID 6 volumes. When one of
the hard drives in the volume fails, the volume will be in the degraded mode. You can repair the volume by
replacing the crashed disk to keep the data on the volume protected.
Note: Synology DiskStation provides hot swapping function, allowing you to replace the crashed disk without
shutting down your Synology DiskStation.1
To identify and replace the crashed disk:
1 Identify the crashed disk by doing one of the following:
 Check the hard drive icons in Volume Manager. The icon of the crashed disk will appear with an
exclamation mark.
 Go to Information > Status, and check the status column in the Hard disk(s) section. (See "Check System
Status" on Page 137 for more information.)
 Check the LED indicators on the front panel. (See "Appendix B: LED Indication Tables" on Page 153 for
more information.)
2 Pull out the hard drive tray to replace the crashed disk with a new one.
--------1
32
This is supported on specific models only. See "Appendix A: Synology DiskStation Specifications" on Page 147 for more
information.
Chapter 4: Manage Storage Space
Note: The replacement hard drive size must be larger or equal to the size of the smallest disk in the volume.
To repair a volume:
1 Click Manage.
2 Select Repair and follow the wizard to repair the volume.
Note: The status of the repairing hard drive must be Initialized or Not Initialized.
Change Volume Type
If you have created a Basic, RAID 1 or RAID 5 volume, you could add a new drive to the Synology DiskStation,
and then use Volume Manager to change the volume type.
Available types of volume change include:
 Basic to RAID 1, RAID 5 or RAID 5+Spare
 RAID 1 to RAID 5 or RAID 5+Spare
 Add mirror disk to RAID 1
 RAID 5 to RAID 5+Spare or RAID 6
To change the volume type:
1 Select the volume you want to change.
2 Click Manage.
3 Choose Change RAID type and follow the wizard to complete the setup.
Note:
 The volume status must be normal.
 The status of the added drive must be Initialized or Not Initialized.
 If you want to change the volume type, enough number of hard drives for the new type is required. See
"Synology DiskStation Supported Volume Types" on Page 31 for the required amount of disks for the volume.
 The size of the replacement hard drive must be larger than the smallest disk size of the volume.
33
Chapter 4: Manage Storage Space
Expand a Volume
You can expand the storage capacity by connecting external hard drives, replacing the internal hard drive with a
larger one, or adding a hard drive to the volume.
Expand by Replacing with Larger Disks
When the internal HDD storage runs out of space, the system administrator can follow the steps below to replace
a larger HDD without losing the original data.
For one-bay models:
1 Turn off the Synology DiskStation.
2 Replace the internal hard drive with a larger one.
3 Turn on the Synology DiskStation.
4 Reinstall the system. See "Reinstall Synology DiskStation" on Page 142 for more information.
5 Connect the replaced hard drive to the USB or eSATA port.
6 Copy the data from the replaced hard drive to the new hard drive.
7 Remove the replaced hard drive.
For Basic or RAID 0 volume on models with two or more bays:
1 Back up all data stored on the Synology DiskStation.
2 Turn off the Synology DiskStation.
3 Replace the internal hard drives with larger ones.
4 Turn on the Synology DiskStation
5 Reinstall the system. See "Reinstall Synology DiskStation" on Page 142 for more information.
6 Copy the backup data to the new volume.
For RAID 1 and RAID 5, RAID 5+Spare, RAID 6, and RAID 10 volumes:
1 Turn off the Synology DiskStation (skip this step for models that support disk hot swapping).
2 Replace the first internal hard drive with a larger hard drive.
3 Turn on the Synology DiskStation and repair the volume. See "Repair a Volume" on Page 32 for more
information.
4 Repeat step 1 to 3 until all internal hard drives are replaced with larger hard drives.
5 The system will expand the volume automatically.
Note:
 Before replacing the spare disk of a RAID 5+Spare volume, you need to click Manage, click Change RAID type,
and then follow the wizard to change the volume.
 When the system is removing a volume, all enabled services on other volumes will be temporarily stopped. When
the volume is removed successfully, those services will be resumed.
 You can only remove the hard drive when the volume is in Normal status; otherwise it will cause data loss. If the
volume is in Degraded status, please repair the volume before replacing it.
Expand by Adding Disks
If you have empty hard drive trays in your Synology DiskStation, you can expand JBOD, RAID 5, RAID 5+Spare,
RAID 6, or RAID 10 volumes by adding disks.
To expand a volume by adding disks:
1 Install a new hard drive for your Synology DiskStation.
2 Select the volume you want to expand.
3 Click Manage.
4 Select the hard drive in the Choose disks section.
5 Follow the wizard to complete the setup.
34
Chapter 4: Manage Storage Space
Note:
 For RAID 5, RAID 5+Spare, and RAID 6 volume, the hard drive size must be larger than the smallest disk in the
volume.
 The volume status must be normal.
 The status of the added disk must be Initialized or Not Initialized.
 You can also expand your volume with Synology Expansion Device (DX510, DX5, and RX4) using the same way.1
Create an iSCSI Target
iSCSI Target is a storage space with the Intranet or over the Internet, allowing clients (called initiators) to access
the space like a local disk.
With Volume Manager, you can create up to 10 iSCSI Targets on one Synology DiskStation. The enhanced
iSCSI Target now features block-level support, providing faster performance of file transfer.
Go to Storage > Volume Manager to create an iSCSI Target on your Synology DiskStation.
There are 2 ways to create an iSCSI Target:
 Designate several disks.
 Designate a portion of your volume space.
If you create an iSCSI Target with several disks, you can repair or expand it, or change its RAID type, just like
using a volume. (Please see Page 32 of this chapter for detailed information about volume management.)
--------1
35
DX510, DX5, and RX4 are supported on specific models only. Please visit www.synology.com.
Chapter 4: Manage Storage Space
To create an iSCSI Target:
1 Click Create and click Next.
2 Choose Custom.
3 Select the iSCSI Target type you want to create, and then set up the configuration of iSCSI Target.
4 Follow the wizard to create an iSCSI Target.
Note: For detailed information about iSCSI configuration, see the help section of Storage > Volume Manager.
To edit an iSCSI Target:
1 Select the iSCSI Target you want to edit.
2 Choose Edit from the iSCSI Target drop-down menu.
To enable or disable an iSCSI Target:
1 Select the iSCSI Target you want to enable or disable.
2 Choose Enable/Disable from the iSCSI Target drop-down menu.
Attach an External Disk
You can attach external USB or eSATA disks to the USB or eSATA port of your Synology DiskStation for backup
1
or file sharing purposes.
Go to External Devices > USB Disk or eSATA Disk to manage the attached external disks.
To attach an external disk:
1 Connect an external USB or eSATA disk to the USB or eSATA port of your Synology DiskStation.
2 A new shared folder named usbshare1 (for USB device) or esatashare (for eSATA device) will be created
automatically and ready for access.
--------1
36
eSATA is supported on specific models only. See "Appendix A: Synology DiskStation Specifications" on Page 147 for more
information.
Chapter 4: Manage Storage Space
Note: When more than 1 external USB disk is connected, usbshare2, usbshare3 … will be created.
To eject or format an external disk:
Click Eject or Format.
Note: For more information about your external disks, see the help section of USB Disk or eSATA Disk.
37
Chapter 4: Manage Storage Space
Chapter
Chapter 5:
Connect from the Internet
You can connect to your Synology DiskStation over the Internet, allowing its services to be accessible from
anywhere and anytime.
This chapter explains how to set up Internet connection with the easy-to-use Synology EZ-Internet wizard, or with
the more advanced port forwarding function, and register a friendly DDNS hostname for your
Synology DiskStation.
Use the EZ-Internet Wizard
The new EZ-Internet Wizard is now available, allowing you to connect your Synology DiskStation to the Internet
quickly and easily. No need to trouble over the complexity of firewall settings, PPPoE setup, DDNS registration,
and router port forwarding configuration, simply follow the EZ-Internet Wizard and get ready to access your
DiskStation via the Internet within minutes.
To use the EZ-Internet wizard:
1 Click the Home button (with the house icon) at the top of the management section to see the Home page in
the main section.
2 Click Wizard Mode at the top-right corner if you are in Complete Mode.
3 Click EZ-Internet and follow the wizard to complete the setup.
38
5
Connect to the Internet via PPPoE
If your Synology DiskStation is connecting to a DSL or cable modem, and your Internet Service Provider (ISP)
uses PPPoE (Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet), you can enable PPPoE and enter the account information to
directly connect to the Internet.
To connect to the Internet via PPPoE:
Go to Internet Connection > PPPoE to set up PPPoE.
Note: For detailed information about setting up PPPoE, contact your ISP or network administrator.
Set Up Port Forwarding Rules for Router
If your Synology DiskStation is within the Intranet, you can set up port forwarding rules for the router to allow your
Synology DiskStation to be accessible over the Internet.
Note: Before you start, make sure you have manually assigned a static IP address for your Synology DiskStation.
See "LAN" on Page 24 for more information.
Go to Internet Connection > Router Configuration to set up your router and port forwarding rules.
Note: To configure port forwarding rules and assign static IP address, you must have the administrative permission
to the router.
39
Chapter 5: Connect from the Internet
Set up Router
Before adding port forwarding rules, you need to set up your router first.
To set up your router:
1 Click Set up router to open the settings window.
2 Select your router by doing the following :
a Choose your router from the Router drop-down menu.
b If you cannot find your router, click Update List to get the latest router support list from Synology.
c If you still have trouble finding your router even after the list is updated, click Contact Synology Inc. at the
bottom of the window to submit your router information to Synology.
3 Enter the protocol and port for your router. The protocol and port vary depending on the model of your router. If
you cannot connect using the default HTTP protocol and 80 port, refer to the documentation that comes with
your router for correct settings.
4 Enter custom account. If your router requires a custom account to allow it to be accessed, select Use custom
account and fill in the Account and Password fields.
5 Click OK.
40
Chapter 5: Connect from the Internet
Add Port Forwarding Rules
Add port forwarding rules to specify the destination ports of your Synology DiskStation that will receive packages
from specific router ports.
To add port forwarding rules:
1 Click Create.
2 Do one of the following:
 If you want to create port forwarding rules for system services (for example, FTP, Web Station, etc),
choose Built-in application and tick the system services.
 If you want to create port forwarding rules for custom services, choose Custom port. You can use the
following syntax to specify port numbers and range:
 Use “-” to describe port range. For example, 6881-6890.
 Use “,” to separate ports. For example: 21,22 or 21,55536-55663.
Note:
 Some routers don't allow using custom ports for system services forwarding. See the documentation that came
with your router for more information.
 Each router port can be used for one forwarding rule only. Using a router port for two or more rules will cause
conflicts, and a warning message will appear on the screen. You need to set another port for the rule to avoid
conflicts.
3 Click Save. Otherwise, the rules won't be applied. You may need to wait for a few minutes before the rules
start working, depending on the models of your routers.
Test Your Port Forwarding Rules
You can test whether the port forwarding rule is working or not.
To test your port forwarding rules:
1 Select the rules you want to test and click Test Connection.
2 The result will be displayed in the Connection Test Result column.
41
Chapter 5: Connect from the Internet
Give Synology DiskStation a DDNS Hostname
You can register a DDNS (Dynamic Domain Name Server) hostname for your Synology DiskStation, allowing it to
be connected anywhere by entering the hostname in the address bar of your web browser.
Once set up, you and your friends no longer need to remember the IP address to access your
Synology DiskStation. Simply type in the DDNS hostname on the web browser as you would when connecting to
any website.
Register a DDNS hostname for Synology DiskStation
Go to Internet Connection > DDNS and use one of the following methods to enter your DDNS information.
Method 1: Register a No-IP.com account in Synology DiskStation Manager directly
1 Tick Enable DDNS support, choose No-IP.com from the Service provider drop-down menu, and then click
Register Now.
Note: The Register Now button will be available only when you choose No-IP.com.
2 In the window that appears, enter the hostname you want in the Hostname field.
3 Enter your account information:
 If you already have a No-IP.com account, select Use an existing No-IP.com account and enter the
account information in the Email and Password field to log in.
 If you don't have a No-IP.com account, select Create a new No-IP.com account and fill out all the
required fields to register a new account.
4 Click OK to finish. The newly registered hostname for your Synology DiskStation will be activated in just a few
seconds.
Note: If you have any problem using your No-IP.com account, visit No-IP.com for troubleshooting information.
42
Chapter 5: Connect from the Internet
Method 2: Visit any DDNS service provider's website to register a DDNS account
1 Visit any of the following DDNS service providers to register a DDNS account:
 http://www.dyndns.com/
 http://www.no-ip.com/
 http://www.3322.org/
 http://www.twodns.de/
2 Tick Enable DDNS support and enter the hostname, username, and password for your Synology DiskStation.
Note: Remember to enter the full domain name in the Hostname field. (e.g. philip1234.dyndns.org)
43
Chapter 5: Connect from the Internet
Chapter
Chapter 6:
6
Enhance Internet Security
After your Synology DiskStation is available on the Internet, you will need to safeguard it against any attacks from
Internet hackers.
This chapter explains how to enable the HTTPS protocol, set up the firewall, enable auto block, and encrypt your
data.
Enable HTTPS Connection with SSL/TLS Protection
Go to Network Services > Web Services to enable HTTPS connection. When the HTTPS connection is enabled,
any connections to Synology DiskStation via the HTTP protocol will be encrypted with the SSL/TLS encrypting
mechanism.
HTTPS Ports for Synology DiskStation include the following:
Applications
Synology DiskStation Manager
HTTP Port
5000
(customizable)
HTTPS Port
5001
Web Station
80
443
Photo Station
80
443
Connection Method
https://Synology_Server_Name:5001
https://Synology_Server_IP:5001
https://Synology_Server_Name
https://Synology_Server_IP
https://Synology_Server_Name/photo
https://Synology_Server_IP/photo
To enable HTTPS connection:
1 Tick Enable HTTPS connection.
2 Tick Automatically redirect HTTP connections to HTTPS if you want the connections to ports for HTTP to
be redirected to HTTPS ports automatically.
For example, if you try to connect to Synology DiskStation Manager using the 5000 port by typing
http://Synology_Server_Name or http:// Synology_Server_Name:5000 in the address bar of your web
browser, you will be redirected to https:// Synology_Server_Name:5001 automatically.
3 If you have a certificate issued by trusted Certificate Authority (CA), click Import Certificate to upload your
own certificate and private key in order to host a valid SSL server. The certificate should match the private key.
Please keep your private key safely.
44
Add an Additional Port Number for HTTP Access
In addition to the default 80 port, you can add an additional port number for HTTP access.
To add an additional port number for HTTP access:
Enter any port number between 1 and 65535 in the Enter the port number field.
Important: You cannot use the following port numbers for HTTP access, because they are reserved for system use.
 Port number: 20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 110, 137, 138, 139, 143, 199, 443, 445, 515, 543, 548, 587, 873, 993, 995, 3306,
3689, 5335, 5432, 8080, 8081, 9997, 9998, 9999, 50001, 50002
 FTP port range: 55536-55663
 BitTorrent port range: 6881-6890
 Surveillance Station port range: 55736-55863
Prevent Unauthorized Connection with Firewall
The built-in firewall can prevent unauthorized logins, and control which services can be accessed. In addition,
you can choose to allow or deny access to certain network ports from specific IP addresses.
Go to Internet Connection > Firewall to create firewall rules.
Note: You can create up to 100 rules for Synology DiskStation.
To create a firewall rule:
1 Click Create to open the settings window.
2 Choose an option in the Ports section. You can apply the rule to all ports or selected ports using one of the
following options:
 All: Choose this option to apply the rule to all ports on Synology DiskStation.
 Select from a list of built-in applications: Tick the system services that will be included in the rule.
 Custom: Specify the type and protocol of the port, and enter the custom port number.
You can enter up to 15 ports separated with comma, or by specifying a port range (not applicable to DS107,
DS107e, DS108j, and DS109j).
45
Chapter 6: Enhance Internet Security
3 Specify the source IP address in the Source IP section. You can choose to allow or deny access from a
particular source IP using one of the following options:
 All: Choose this option to apply the rule to all source IP addresses.
 Single host: Choose this option to apply the rule to an IP address.
 Subnet: Choose this option to apply the rule to a subnet.
4 Choose Allow or Deny from the Access drop-down menu to allow or deny the source IP address to access
the specified ports.
Note:
 When you combine 2 networks with link aggregation, firewall will apply the rules from the first network, and reserve
the rules from the second network1. For more information about link aggregation, see "Link Aggregation" on Page
25.
 If your system has 2 network ports connecting to the same subnet, the firewall rules might not work properly.
To change the priorities of the rules:
Reorder the rules by dragging any of them up or down. Rules at the top will have higher priorities.
Automatically Block Suspicious Login Attempts
Auto block allows you to prevent unauthorized login via SSH, Telnet, rsync, FTP, mobile devices, File Station,
and the management UI. After enabling the service, an IP address will be blocked automatically if it has too many
failed login attempts.
Go to Network Services > Auto Block to use the auto block function.
To enable auto block:
1 Tick Enable auto block.
2 Enter the following information to block an IP address with a number of failed login attempts within the
specified minutes :
 Login attempts: The number for failed login attempts
 Within (minutes): The number of minutes
--------1
46
Link Aggregation is supported on specific models only.
Chapter 6: Enhance Internet Security
3 Tick Enable block expiration and enter a number of days in the Unblock after (days) field if you want to
unblock the IP address after the specified days.
Note: The IP address will remain blocked if Unblock after (days) is set to 0.
4 Tick Enable email notification to receive email notification when an IP address is blocked. Make sure email
notification is enabled for your Synology DiskStation before using this option.
Note: For more information about email notification, see "Receive Email Notification" on Page 140.
To manage the blocked IP addresses:
1 Click Block List to check the blocked IP addresses.
2 If you want to remove an IP address from the block list, select it and click Remove.
47
Chapter 6: Enhance Internet Security
Chapter
Chapter 7:
Set Up File Sharing
File sharing is one of Synology DiskStation's major functions. Synology DiskStation can become the file sharing
center within the Intranet or over the Internet, allowing users to access its files anytime and anywhere.
This chapter explains how to enable the support for file sharing protocols for all platforms, create users and
groups for clients, set up shared folders, and allow or deny access to the shared folders, applications or
subfolders from specific users or groups.
Enable File Sharing Protocols for All Platforms
This section tells you how to enable Synology DiskStation to support file sharing protocols for all platforms.
Synology DiskStation supports the following file sharing protocols:
 For Windows: SMB/CIFS (My Network Places), FTP
 For Mac: SMB, FTP, AFP
 For Linux: SMB, FTP, NFS
Enable Windows File Service
Go to File Sharing > Win/Mac OS and tick Enable Windows File Service to make Synology DiskStation a
Windows file server (CIFS Server).
Use CIFS Recycle Bin
A CIFS Recycle Bin is a folder that contains files deleted by users who access Synology DiskStation via the
CIFS protocol. When users delete files in a shared folder, the deleted files will be moved to a #recycle folder
created automatically in the same folder.
To use CIFS Recycle Bin:
 Tick Enable CIFS Recycle Bin to activate the recycle bin.
 Click Empty CIFS Recycle Bin to permanently delete the files in the #recycle folder.
Note:
 For more information about Windows file service, see the help section of the Win/Mac OS page.
 For more information about shared folders, see "Set Up Shared Folders" on Page 54.
48
7
Enable Mac File Service
Go to File Sharing > Win/Mac OS and tick Enable Mac File Service to make Synology DiskStation a Mac file
server (AFP Server).
Enable Bonjour Printer Broadcast
Tick Enable Bonjour Printer Broadcast to allow Mac clients to browse and locate the printer connected to
Synology DiskStation.
Note: For more information about Mac file service, see the help section of the Win/Mac OS page.
Enable NFS Service for Linux Clients
Go to File Sharing > NFS, tick Enable NFS and click OK.
If you want to configure Linux client's NFS access privileges to the shared folders, see "Allow Users or Groups to
Access the Shared Folders" on Page 55 for more information.
49
Chapter 7: Set Up File Sharing
Join a Windows ADS Domain or Workgroup
Go to File Sharing > Win/Mac OS to add your Synology DiskStation to a workgroup or domain.
To join a workgroup:
Choose WORKGROUP and enter the name of the workgroup.
To join a domain:
1 Choose Domain and enter the domain name and DNS server (optional), and click OK.
2 In the window that appears, enter the user name and password for the administrator of the domain server, and
click OK.
After Synology DiskStation joins the domain, domain users can log in to Synology DiskStation with their domain
account and password.
You can also configure domain users’ access privileges to the shared folders on Synology DiskStation. See
"Allow Users or Groups to Access the Shared Folders" on Page 55 for more information.
Note: For more information about ADS domain, see the help section of the Win/Mac OS page.
Manage Users and Groups
Go to Privileges > User or Group to create users or groups, and allow or deny their access to different shared
folders.
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Chapter 7: Set Up File Sharing
Create and Edit Users
To create a user account:
1 Click Create and enter the user name and other information.
2 Click the User groups tab. Select the user group for the user. By default, the user is categorized under the
users group.
Note: For more information about groups, see "Create and Edit Groups" on Page 52.
3 Click Privileges setup. Assign shared folder privileges for the user.
 Read/Write: The user can access and make changes to the files and subfolders in the shared folder.
 Read only: The user can access the files and subfolders in the shared folder, but cannot make changes to
them.
 No access: The user cannot access the files and subfolders in the shared folder.
Note: For more information about editing a group's access privileges to shared folders, see "Allow Users or
Groups to Access the Shared Folders" on Page 55.
4 Click the Quota tab if you want to set the maximum storage quota for the user. Tick Enable quota and enter a
value under the Quota column.
5 Click OK to finish.
To create a user account by importing users list:
1 Create a text file which contains the following tab-delimited information in each line:
 Username
 Password
 Description
 Email
 Quota (MB) in volume 1
 Quota (MB) in volume 2 (and so on)
Note:
 All fields are optional except Username.
 An example of the text file is shown as follows:
edward 1234
father
edward@abc.com
80000
rosiel
5678
mother
rosiel@abc.com
80000
chad
8901
brother
chad@abc.com
20000
erica
2345
sister
erica@abc.com
20000
2 Save the text file in UTF-8 encoding.
3 Go to Privileges > User and click Import Users.
4 Choose the text file and click OK to start uploading. Tick Overwrite duplicate accounts if you want to replace
the existing duplicate accounts with the one from the users list.
After submission, a dialog will show the list of imported users.
Note: Users with abnormal status will not be imported.
To edit a user:
1 Select the user you want to edit from the users list and click Edit or double-click the user.
2 Make changes to the settings and click OK.
To search for a user:
Type the name of the user in the Search field and press Enter (Windows) or Return (Mac) on your keyboard. The
search result will be displayed in the users list below.
This function is especially useful when there are numerous users for your Synology DiskStation.
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Chapter 7: Set Up File Sharing
To delete a user:
Select the user you want to delete and click Delete.
Note: To see domain users in the users list, you must join the domain and assign shared folder privileges for the
users. For more information about Windows ADS domain, see "Join a Windows ADS Domain or " on Page 50.
Create User's Home Folder
Each user (except for guest) can have his/her own folder called the home folder, which is accessible only by the
user and the system administrator.
Location and naming of the home folders:
 For local users, their home folders are located in the homes folder with the same name as the user account.
 For Windows ADS domain users, their home folders are located in the folder named @DH-domain name.
The name of the user's home folder is the user account plus a unique number.
To enable user home service:
1 Click User Home.
2 Tick Enable user home service. Tick Include domain users if you want to enable user home service for
domain users.
3 If there is more than one volume on Synology DiskStation, select the volume to store the home folders.
4 Click OK.
To disable user home service:
1 Click User Home.
2 Uncheck Enable user home service. To disable user home service only for domain users, uncheck Include
domain users instead.
When the user home service is disabled, the homes folder will be kept but accessible by the system
administrator only. Users can access their home folders again if the user home service is enabled again.
Note: To delete the homes folder, the user home service must be disabled first.
Create and Edit Groups
Go to Privileges > Group to create and edit a group, add users to the group, and then edit the group's properties,
saving you the trouble of editing users one by one.
To create a new group:
1 Click Create and enter the group name and description.
2 Click OK.
To edit a group's name and description:
1 Select the group you want to edit from the groups list and click Edit or double-click the group.
2 Make changes to the settings and click OK.
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Chapter 7: Set Up File Sharing
To delete a group:
Select the group you want to delete from the groups list and click Delete.
To add or remove group members:
1 Select the group you want to add users to from the groups list and click Edit Members.
2 Click Add or Remove, select users from the users list, and click OK. (Press and hold Shift or Ctrl while making
multiple selections.)
3 Click Finish.
Note:
 By default, all users belong to the users group
 For more information about editing a group's access privileges to shared folders, see "Allow Users or Groups to
Access the Shared Folders" on Page 55.
Allow Users to Access Applications
Go to Privileges > Application Setting to decide which applications could be accessed by a user.
To allow users to access applications for Synology DiskStation:
1 Do any of the following:
 Tick the checkboxes under FTP, File Station, Audio Station, Download Station, or Surveillance Station
to allow users to access to the applications.
 Tick the checkbox next to an application to allow all users on the current page to access the application.
2 Click Save Settings after setup is finished.
Note: You can also use the search field to find multiple users, and allow or disallow them to access applications.
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Chapter 7: Set Up File Sharing
Set Up Shared Folders
Go to Privileges > Shared Folder to manage the shared folders, which are the root folders of
Synology DiskStation. (Folders within the shared folders are called subfolders.) You can store data in the shared
folders and share them with users or groups with access privileges.
Built-in Shared Folders Created by the System
System built-in shared folders are created when the services or applications requiring the folders are enabled.
System built-in shared folders include the following:
Name
public
web
The web folder contains contents of your website. It will be created automatically when Web Station is
enabled. For more information about Web Station, see "Enable Web Station to Host Website" on Page 78.
photo
The photo folder contains photos and videos you want to share on Photo Station. It will be created
automatically when Photo Station or DLNA/UPnP Media Server is enabled. For more information about
Photo Station and media server, see "Chapter 11: Share Photos, Videos, and Blogs" on Page 84 and
"Manage DLNA Media Server" on Page 132.
music
The music folder contains music you want to share on Audio Station. It will be created automatically when
Audio Station is enabled. For more information about Audio Station, see "Chapter 12: Play Music with
Audio Station" on Page 94.
video
The video folder contains videos you want to browse through DLNA/UPnP DMA. It will be created
automatically when Media Server is enabled. For more information about Media Server, see "Manage DLNA
Media Server" on Page 132.
surveillance
The surveillance folder contains Surveillance Station recordings. It will be created automatically when
Surveillance Station is enabled. It is read-only and can only be accessed by the system administrator. For
more information about Surveillance Station, see "Chapter 14: Safeguard Your Environment with
Surveillance Station" on Page 113.
home
The home folder provides a private space for each user to store data where only the user can access. It will
be created automatically when User Home is enabled. For more information about User Home, see "Create
User's Home Folder" on Page 52.
homes
The homes folder contains the home folders of all users. It will be created automatically when User Home is
enabled. Only system administrator can access and manage all users' home folders. For more information
about User Home, see "Create User's Home Folder" on Page 52.
NetBackup
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Description
The public folder will be created automatically after the first time you set up Synology 1-bay models.
The NetBackup folder is created automatically when Network Backup Service is enabled. For more
information about network backup, see "Network Backup" on Page 74.
Chapter 7: Set Up File Sharing
Name
Description
usbshare
The usbshare1 folder is created automatically when you connect an USB disk to Synology DiskStation’s
USB port. For more information about external USB disks, see "Attach an External Disk" on Page 36.
satashare
The satashare folder is created automatically when you connect an eSATA disk to Synology DiskStation’s
eSATA port. For more information about external eSATA disks, see "Attach an External Disk" on Page 36.
Shared Folders Created by Administrator
If you are the system administrator, you can also create shared folders and assign access privileges to the
folders.
To create a new shared folder:
1 Click Create.
2 Enter the name and description for the shared folder, and select a volume where the folder will be created.
3 Tick Hide this shared folder in "My Network Places" if you want to hide the folder in Windows "My Network
Places".
Note: If you have access privilege to a shared folder hidden in "My Network Places", you can still access it by
pressing Windows-R and entering \\Synology_Server_Name\Shared_Folder_Name in the Open field.
4 Click OK.
Note: One Synology DiskStation can contain up to 100 or 2001 share folders, including the built-in shared folders.
Allow Users or Groups to Access the Shared Folders
Go to Privileges > Shared Folder to allow or deny users' or groups' access to the shared folders.
--------1
55
200 shared folders are supported on specific models only. See "Appendix A: Synology DiskStation Specifications" on Page
147 for more information.
Chapter 7: Set Up File Sharing
To allow users or groups to access a shared folder:
1 Select the shared folder you want to edit from the shared folders list, and click Privileges Setup to open the
settings window.
2 Click the Privilege Setup tab, and select any of the following from the drop-down menu:
 System Internal user: Anonymous FTP user. Before allowing anonymous FTP users to connect to a
shared folder, you need to allow their access to the folder first. For more information about anonymous FTP,
see "Enable Anonymous FTP" on Page 63.
 Local users: Synology DiskStation users. See "Manage Users and Groups" on Page 50 for more
information.
 Local groups: Synology DiskStation groups. See "Manage Users and Groups" on Page 50 for more
information.
3 Tick or uncheck the following privileges to assign access privileges for the users or groups:
 Read/Write: The user or group can access and make changes to the files and subfolders in the shared
folder.
 Read only: The user or group can access the files and subfolders in the shared folder, but cannot make
changes to them.
 No access: The user or group cannot access the files and subfolders in the shared folder.
Note: To set the access privileges to subfolders, you can use File Station. See "Allow Users and Groups to
Access Files and Subfolders" on Page 69 for more information.
4 Click the Advanced Privilege tab if you want to do any of the following:
 Disable directory browsing
 Disable modification of existing files
 Disable file downloading
5 Click OK.
Note:
 When you encounter privilege conflicts, the privilege priority is as follows: No access > Read/Write > Read only.
 When you create a new shared folder, if the admin account's access privilege to the folder is set as No access,
then the admin will only be able to see the folder by going to Privileges > Shared Folder.
To allow Linux clients to access a shared folder:
1 Select the shared folder you want to edit from the shared folder list, and click NFS Privileges.
2 Click Create to open the settings window.
3 Enter a hostname or IP, assign Privilege, assign Root Squash, and click OK.
4 Click OK.
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Chapter 7: Set Up File Sharing
Encrypt a Shared Folder
Go to Privileges > Shared Folder to encrypt your shared folder.
1
The AES 256-bit encryption can block off all access attempts. Without the encryption key, other people will not be
able to use the encrypted data even if they remove the hard drives from your Synology DiskStation and mount it
on their device.
To encrypt a shared folder:
1 Select a shared folder you want to encrypt, and then click Edit to open the settings window.
2 Tick Encrypt this shared folder, enter the encryption key in the Encryption key field, and enter the same key
again in the Confirm key field.
3 Tick Allow access automatically on startup to mount the encrypted folder automatically after
Synology DiskStation starts up next time. By default, encrypted shared folder will be unmounted automatically
on startup for security reasons.
Note:
 You can also encrypt a folder when you create it.
 The following built-in shared folders are not allowed for encryption since they are associated with system services:
web, photo, music, video, surveillance, download, Netbackup.
 Encrypted shared folders cannot be accessed via NFS. If you encrypt a shared folder containing NFS rules, they
will be removed.
--------1
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Shared folder encryption is supported on specific models only.
Chapter 7: Set Up File Sharing
Edit an Encrypted Folder
After the folder is encrypted, you can use the Encryption drop-down menu to edit the folder.
The items shown in the menu depend on the status of the selected shared folder:
 For unencrypted shared folder, the Encryption drop-down menu is disabled.
 For an encrypted shared folder which is mounted, you can choose Unmount from the Encryption dropdown menu to unmount the folder, or Export key to save the encryption key.
 For an encrypted shared folder which is unmounted, you can choose Mount from Encryption drop-down
menu, and then enter or import the encryption key to mount the folder for access.
Note:
 It is very important to remember the encryption key. It is strongly recommended that you export and save the
encryption key. If you forget or lose the key, there is no way to rescue the encrypted data.
 If an encrypted folder is unmounted, you cannot rename it or change its volume location.
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Chapter 7: Set Up File Sharing
Chapter
Chapter 8:
Access Files from Anywhere
When you have set up users or groups with proper access privileges to the shared folders, they can share their
files with your Synology DiskStation from anywhere.
This chapter explains the ways to access the Synology DiskStation shared folders within the Intranet or over the
Internet.
Access Files within the Intranet
This section explains how to allow users to use Windows, Mac, or Linux computer to access shared folders on
Synology DiskStation within the Intranet.
Note: Before accessing, make sure the relative file sharing protocols have been enabled for your
Synology DiskStation. See "Enable File Sharing Protocols for All Platforms" on Page 48 for more information.
Access Shared Folders from Windows
To access shared folders from Windows, you can use any of the following methods.
Method 1: Use Synology Assistant to map the shared folders as network drives.
1 Run Synology Assistant and select the server from the server list.
2 Click Map Drive and follow the onscreen steps to finish the setup.
Upon completion, you can access the mapped shared folder directly in Windows Explorer.
Method 2: Use the Run window.
1 Press Windows-R to open the Run window.
2 Enter \\Synology_Server_Name\Shared_Folder_Name in the Open field.
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8
Method 3: Use Window Explorer.
1 Open a Windows Explorer window and choose Tools > Map network drive to show the Map Network Drive
window.
2 Choose a drive number from the Drive drop-down menu.
3 Locate the shared folder by doing one of the following:
 Enter \\Synology_Server_Name\Shared_Folder_Name in the Folder field.
 Click Browse to locate the shared folder, and then click OK.
4 Click Finish.
5 Enter your user name and password for Synology DiskStation Manager and click OK.
Upon completion, you can access the mapped shared folder directly in Windows Explorer.
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Chapter 8: Access Files from Anywhere
Access Shared Folders from Mac
1 Choose Go > Connect to Server from the menu bar.
2 Type Synology DiskStation's IP address or server name preceded by smb:// or afp:// in the Server Address
field and click Connect. (e.g. smb://EricaWang or afp://192.168.0.2)
Note: For better performance, it is recommended that you connect to the shared folders via SMB.
3 Select the shared folder you want to access. Upon completion, you can access the shared folder in the Finder
window.
Access Shared Folders from Linux
1 In Synology DiskStation Manager, Go to Privileges > Shared Folder.
2 Select the shared folder you want to access, click NFS Privileges, and find the mount path at the bottom of
the window that appears.
3 On a Linux computer, enter the mount path to mount the shared folders.
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Chapter 8: Access Files from Anywhere
Access Files via FTP
If your Synology DiskStation is accessible over the Internet, you can use a FTP application to access the shared
folders.
Note: For more information about making Synology DiskStation accessible over the Internet, see "Chapter 5:
Connect from the Internet" on Page 38.
Go to File Sharing > FTP to enable FTP service, allowing users to upload or download Synology DiskStation
data via FTP.
Enable FTP Service
1 Tick Enable FTP service.
2 Enter a value in Port number setting of FTP service (The default number is 21).
3 Specify the Port range of Passive FTP (PASV) by using the default range (55536-55663) or entering any
range between 1025 and 65535.
4 Click OK.
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Chapter 8: Access Files from Anywhere
Enable Anonymous FTP
If you want your FTP service to be accessible by any people on the Internet, you can enable anonymous FTP
service, allowing them to log in with the user name anonymous or ftp.
To enable Anonymous FTP Access:
Tick Enable Anonymous FTP and click OK.
Note: For more information about using FTP service, see the help section of the FTP page.
Connect to Synology DiskStation Using a FTP Application
Open any FTP application on your computer and enter the following information to connect to
Synology DiskStation:
 Synology DiskStation's IP address or domain name
 Your user account and password
 The port number (The default number is 21)
Access Files via File Station
File Station is one of Synology DiskStation's web-based applications, allowing Synology DiskStation users over
the Internet to access Synology DiskStation folders with their browsers.
File Station 3 Requirement
To use the full featured File Station 3, you will need the newest web browser, Java and Flash Player.
 Browser: Internet Explorer 7 or onward, Firefox 1.5 or onward, or Safari 3.0 or onward; with AJAX and
JavaScript enabled
 Java (For browsing folders on the local computer): Java Runtime Environment (JRE) 5 or onward
 Flash: Flash Player 9 or onward
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Chapter 8: Access Files from Anywhere
Enable and Customize File Station
Go to File Sharing > File Station to enable and customize File Station.
To enable File Station:
1 Tick Enable File Station 3.
2 Tick Enable File Station log if you want to see the recorded activities of all users.
Note: For information about checking logs, see "Check Logs" on Page 138.
3 Click OK.
After File Station is enabled, you can see its button in the banner section or its icon on the desktop.
To customize File Station:
1 Click Customize to open the settings window.
2 Go to the Common Setting tab, where you can enable a separate login page with its own login message and
port number, allowing you to connect to File Station directly without going through Synology DiskStation
Manager.
a Enter your login message in the Message field.
b Enter your customized port number in the Port field.
c Tick Enable HTTPS and enter the HTTPS port number if you want to enable HTTPS connection for
File Station.
Note: For more information about HTTPS, see "Enable HTTPS Connection with SSL/TLS Protection" on Page 44.
3 Click the Banner Setting tab, where you can change the File Station banner's color and background image.
Connect to File Station
You can use any of the following methods to connect to File Station.
To connect through Synology DiskStation Manager:
1 Log in to Synology DiskStation Manager.
2 Click the File Station icon on the desktop.
Note: If you are using the Management UI, you can also click the File Station button in the banner section to
connect to File Station.
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Chapter 8: Access Files from Anywhere
To connect to customized login page (If you have customized File Station's Common Setting):
1 Type Synology DiskStation's IP address or server name or domain name plus a colon and the customized port
number (e.g. http://ericawang.dyndns.org:7000) in the address bar of your web browser.
2 Press Enter (Windows) or Return (Mac) on your keyboard.
3 Enter your username and password. (Domain users need to enter Domain Name\Username in the Username
field.)
Use a Mobile Device:
Mobile device support has been added to allow you to use iPhone OS 2.2.1 onward or Windows Mobile® 6.0
(Internet Explorer® Mobile or Opera® 9.0 or onward) to browse files stored in Files Station.
Note: For more information about using mobile devices to access Synology DiskStation services, see "Chapter 17:
Communicate with Mobile Devices" on Page 146.
File Station Appearance
 DiskStation panel (upper-left): Displays Synology DiskStation's shared folders and their subfolders.
 My Computer or My Mac panel (lower-left): Displays folders on your local computer.
 Main section (center): Displays contents of the currently-selected folder.
 Help section (right): Click the Help button (with the book icon) at the right side to reveal the help section,
where you can get useful help.
 Upload queue (bottom): Displays the uploading progress of files and folders.
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Chapter 8: Access Files from Anywhere
Set File Station in Action
With right-clicking, the Action menu, and dragging-and-dropping, you can easily upload, download, copy, move,
rename, create, delete, extract, and compress files or folders, and more.
Download Files or Folders from Synology DiskStation
Use any of the following methods to download files or folders from Synology DiskStation to your computer.
Method 1:
1 Select the files or folders you want to download. (Press and hold Shift or Ctrl while making multiple selections.)
2 Choose Download from the Action menu.
Method 2:
1 Select the files or folders you want to download. (Press and hold Shift or Ctrl while making multiple selections.)
2 Right-click the files or folders, and choose Download.
Note: If you make multiple selections, File Station will archive your selections into a zip file before downloading.
Upload Files or Folders to Synology DiskStation
Use any of the following methods to upload files or folders from your computer to Synology DiskStation.
When you upload files and folders using any of the following methods, you can see the uploading progress of the
files and folders in the Upload queue.
Method 1:
1 In the DiskStation panel, select a destination folder on Synology DiskStation.
2 Choose Upload from the Action menu, and select files or folders from your local computer.
3 Click OK to start uploading.
Method 2:
1 In the My Computer panel, select a folder from your local computer. The main section now displays the
contents of the selected folder.
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Chapter 8: Access Files from Anywhere
2 Select the files or folders you want in the main section, and then click Upload.
3 Select a destination folder on Synology DiskStation in the window that appears.
4 At the bottom of the window, select Overwrite if you want to overwrite files or folders with the same name in
the destination folder. Otherwise, select Skip.
5 Click OK to start uploading.
Method 3:
1 Drag a folder from the My Computer panel to any folder in the DiskStation panel.
2 In the pop-up menu that appears, choose Upload - Overwrite to overwrite files or folders with the same name
in the destination folder. Otherwise, choose Upload - Skip to skip the files with the same filename.
Copy or Move Files or Folders on Synology DiskStation
Use any of the following methods to copy files or folders between folders on Synology DiskStation.
Method 1:
1 Select the files or folders you want to download. (Press and hold Shift or Ctrl while making multiple selections.)
2 Choose Copy or Move from the Action menu.
3 Select a destination folder on Synology DiskStation in the window that appears.
4 At the bottom of the window, select Overwrite if you want to overwrite files or folders with the same name in
the destination folder. Otherwise, select Skip.
Method 2:
1 Drag any DiskStation folders or files from the main section to another folder in the DiskStation panel.
2 In the pop-up menu that appears, choose Copy - Overwrite or Move - Overwrite to overwrite files or folders
with the same name in the destination folder. Otherwise, choose Copy - Skip or Move - Skip to skip the files
with the same filename.
Rename a File or Folder on Synology DiskStation
Use any of the following methods to rename a file or folder on Synology DiskStation folders.
Method 1:
1 Select a file or a folder.
2 Choose Rename from the Action menu.
3 Enter a new name in the window that appears and click OK.
Method 2:
1 Right-click a files or a folder and choose Rename.
2 Enter a new name in the window that appears and click OK.
Create a New Folder
1 Go to the directory where you want to create a folder.
2 Choose Create folder from the Action menu.
3 Enter a new name in the window that appears and click OK.
Delete Files or Folders
1 Select the files or folders you want to delete. (Press and hold Shift or Ctrl while making multiple selections.)
2 Do one of the following:
 Choose Delete from the Action menu.
 Right-click one of the files or folders and choose Delete.
Extract an Archive
1 Select an archive you want to extract.
2 Choose Extract from the Action menu. You can see the contents of the archive in the File list.
3 Click the Option tab to enter the password if the archive is password-protected.
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4 Click Destination at the bottom, and select a destination folder on Synology DiskStation in the window that
appears.
5 Do one of the following:
 To extract all files and folders in the archive, click Extract All.
 To extract some files or folders in the archive, select them in the File list and click Extract Selected.
Note: File Station can extract the following archive formats: .zip, .tar, .gz, .tgz, .rar, .tar, .gz
Compress Files or Folders
1 In the main section, select the files or folders on Synology DiskStation that you want to compress. (Press and
hold Shift or Ctrl while making multiple selections.)
2 Do one of the following:
 Choose Compress to “(file name)”.zip from the Action menu.
 Right-click one of the selections and choose Compress to “(file name)”.zip.
 To use advanced options (such as renaming or encrypting the archive, using different compression levels or
modes), choose Add to archive instead.
3 Click Refresh to display the archive in the main section.
Note: File Station can compress files or folders into the following archive format: .zip
Open a File in a New Window
Open a file on Synology DiskStation in a new tab or window of the web browser to preview it instantly.
To open a file in a new window:
1 Select the file you want to preview.
2 Do one of the following:
 Choose Open in New Window from the Action menu.
 Right-click the file and choose Open in New Window.
3 The selected file will be opened in a new browser window. This allows you to view the selected file directly on
the browser window. The browser setting will decide what file types can be viewed directly.
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Edit the Properties of Files and Subfolders
You can edit the access privileges to files and subfolders (meaning folders and their subfolders in a shared
folder), copy download links and open file in a new browser window in the Properties window.
Allow Users and Groups to Access Files and Subfolders
With File Station, you can set access privileges to files and subfolders. This function is especially useful when
you want to allow different groups of users to access different subfolders in a shared folder.
Note: To set access privileges to shared folders, use Synology DiskStation Manager instead. See "Allow Users or
Groups to Access the Shared Folders" on Page 55 for more information.
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To allow users and groups to access files and subfolders:
1 Select the files and folders for which you want to set access privileges. (Press and hold Shift or Ctrl while
making multiple selections.)
2 Do one of the following to open the Properties window:
 Choose Properties from the Action menu.
 Right-click one of the files or folders and choose Properties.
3 In the Owner & User Group section, do the following:
 Choose the owner of the selected files and folders from the users list.
 Choose the user group of the selected files and folders from the groups list.
 All the other users or groups not chosen here belong to the others group.
4 In the Privilege section, allow or disallow the owner, the user group, and the others to access the selected
files and folders by ticking any of the Read, Write and Execute checkboxes.
5 Tick Apply to this folder, sub-folders and files if you want to give the same access privileges to all the
subfolders and files within the selected subfolders.
6 Click OK.
Note: You are not allowed to edit the access privileges to files and subfolders in the photo shared folder here. To set
access privileges to photo albums for Photo Station users, see "Set as Private Album" on Page 89 for more
information.
Obtain a File or Folder’s Download Link
You can obtain the download link to a file or folder and share the link with other users.
To obtain a file or folder's download link:
1 Select the file or folder for which you want to obtain its download link.
2 Do one of the following to open the Properties window:
 Choose Properties from the Action menu.
 Right-click one of the files or folders and choose Properties.
3 Right-click the download link and choose Copy Shortcut to copy the download link.
4 Send the link to other users via Email or instant messages. They can download the linked file or folder by
entering their username and password.
Note: With File Station, you can only perform the upload action for files and folders on your computer. All the other
File Station actions and properties setting are available for files and folders on Synology DiskStation only.
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Chapter 8: Access Files from Anywhere
Display Additional Attributes
You can display additional attributes of files or folders to show them in new columns of the main section.
To display additional attributes:
1 Right-click anywhere in the column headers of the main section, and choose the Columns submenu.
2 Tick the checkboxes next to the extra attributes to show them in new columns.
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Chapter 8: Access Files from Anywhere
Chapter
Chapter 9:
Back Up Data
Synology offers comprehensive backup solutions for your computer and Synology DiskStation. You can back up
data on your computer to Synology DiskStation. You can also back up the files on the sever by performing local
or network backup. The creative USBCopy simplifies USB storage backup with a one-touch design. The support
for Amazon S3 backup gives you another choice for backup.
Back Up Computer Data
Synology-designed Data Replicator 3 allows you to back up data from a Windows computer to
Synology DiskStation. If you are using a Mac or Linux, Synology DiskStation can also serve as their backup
destination.
Use Data Replicator for Windows
The Synology Data Replicator installation package can be found on the Installation CD and Synology's download
center at: http://www.synology.com/support/download.php
What Can Data Replicator Do?
 Monitor specific folders on your Windows computer and perform real-time backup when any modification to the
contents within a monitored folder is made.
 Adjust backup versions and restore points.
 Restore backup data from Synology DiskStation to your Windows computer according to your preference.
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9
Important:
 Your computer and Synology DiskStation should use the same encoding. See "Specify Default Languages" on
Page 27 for more information.
 Synology Data Replicator 3 is the next generation of Synology Data Replicator. It can only restore the data on
Synology DiskStation that was backed up after Data Replicator 3 was installed. If users have backed up data on
Synology DiskStation using Synology Data Replicator, we recommend restoring data on Synology DiskStation to
PC first before using Synology Data Replicator 3.
Data Replicator Requirement
 Free HDD Space: 5MB
 Operating System: Windows 2000 or onward
 Best Screen Resolution: 1024 x 768 or above
 Network Environment: Microsoft Networking over TCP/IP enabled and has network connection with
Synology DiskStation
Install Data Replicator
1 Insert the Installation CD into the optical drive of your computer.
2 Click Data Replicator 3, and follow the onscreen instructions to finish installation.
Use Data Replicator
For detailed instructions on how to use Data Replicator, see its Help by clicking the Help button.
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Use Time Machine for Mac
Synology DiskStation provides compatibility for backup with Apple Time Machine. Mac users can back up their
data to Synology DiskStation's shared folder without problem.
To set Synology DiskStation as Time Machine's backup destination:
1 Go to File Sharing > Win/Mac OS and tick Enable Mac file service.
2 Choose a shared folder from the Time Machine drop-down menu. The chosen shared folder will become Time
Machine's backup destination.
Note: For more information about using Time Machine, see the help on your Mac computer.
Use rsync for Linux
You can use rsync to back up Linux data to Synology DiskStation.
Back Up Data on Synology DiskStation
Other than backing up computer data to Synology DiskStation, you can also back up the data in your shared
folder or even the subfolders on your Synology DiskStation.
Ways to Back Up Synology DiskStation Data
Local Backup and Network Backup are ways you can choose to back up data on your Synology DiskStation. Plus,
Synology DiskStation also supports Amazon S3 Backup, allowing you to back up data to the Amazon S3 Server.
Local Backup
Local Backup allows you to back up data to the LocalBackup folder in the following locations on your
Synology DiskStation:
 Another shared folder
 An external USB or eSATA Disk attached to your Synology DiskStation
Note: You may need to format the external disk before performing Local Backup to the disk for the first time.
Network Backup
Network Backup allows you to back up data to the NetBackup folder in the following locations within the Intranet
or over the Internet:
 Another Synology DiskStation
 A rsync-compatible server
There are two modes for Network Backup:
 Non-encrypted: Back up without data encryption. It provides better performance.
 Encrypted: Back up with data encryption. It can protect your data with higher security.
Note: To ensure backup efficiency, it is recommended that you choose encrypted mode for important files only.
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Amazon S3 Backup
Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) Backup allows you to back up data to the Amazon S3 server.
After you perform an Amazon S3 Backup task, a single backup file will be stored in a Bucket on Amazon S3
Server, which is identified by a unique Set KEY Value that begins with SourceServerName_MAC address, and
ends with the complete file path of this file.
For more information about Amazon S3 Backup, visit its website at: http://aws.amazon.com/s3/
Note:
 There are also encrypted and non-encrypted modes for Amazon S3 Backup. See "Network Backup" on Page 74
for more information.
 Fees may apply to use the Amazon S3 Backup service.
Perform Backup Tasks on Synology DiskStation
Go to Backup > Backup to perform backup tasks on Synology DiskStation.
Before you start, do the following first:
 For Local Backup to external disks: Go to External Devices > USB Disk or eSATA Disk and click Format
to format the external disk.
 For Network Backup to another Synology DiskStation: Log in to the target Synology DiskStation, go to
Backup > Network Backup Service, and make sure Enable network backup service is ticked to make the
target DiskStation available for backup.
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Chapter 9: Back Up Data
Create a Backup Task
Click Create and follow the wizard to complete the setup.
Edit a Backup Task
1 Select the backup task you want to edit.
2 Click Edit and modify settings.
3 Click OK.
Delete a Backup Task
1 Select the backup task you want to remove. (Press and hold Shift or Ctrl while making multiple selections.)
2 Click Delete.
Perform Immediate Backup
You can perform an immediate backup for a backup task at any time.
To perform immediate backup:
1 Select the backup task you want to back up. (Press and hold Shift or Ctrl while making multiple selections.)
2 Click Back up now.
Cancel a Backup Task
You can cancel backup tasks in progress or in waiting list.
To cancel a backup task:
1 Select the backup task to you want to cancel. (Press and hold Shift or Ctrl while making multiple selections.)
2 Click Cancel.
Restore Backup Data
Click Restore and follow the wizard to complete the setup.
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Back Up System Configuration
Go to Backup > Configuration Backup to back up and restore the settings of your Synology DiskStation,
including users, groups, and shared folders.
To back up system configuration:
1 Choose Back up system configuration.
2 Save the configuration file (named configuration.dss) to your computer.
Note: When you perform network backup, the settings of your Synology DiskStation, including users, groups, and
shared folders will also be backed up. You can choose to recover these settings when you restore the backup data.
Use USBCopy to Back Up Data on USB Device
You can copy data from a USB device to a shared folder on your Synology DiskStation using the USBCopy
1
button.
To specify the target shared folder for USBCopy:
Go to External Devices > USBCopy and specify a shared folder from the drop-down menu. All data on your
USB device will be copied to the specified shared folder when you perform USBCopy.
To perform USBCopy:
1 Connect the USB device to the USB port of your Synology DiskStation.
2 Press the USBCopy button (with the letter C) on the front panel of your Synology DiskStation.
--------1
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USBCopy is supported on specific models only. See "Appendix A: Synology DiskStation Specifications" on Page 147 for more
information.
Chapter 9: Back Up Data
Chapter
Chapter 10:
Host Websites, Email Server, and
Printer Server
10
Synology DiskStation is especially designed for small and medium businesses (SMB), providing them with the
ability to set up web, email, and printer servers on a single Synology DiskStation without spending extra money.
Enable Web Station to Host Websites
Go to Network Services > Web Services to set up your website with Web Station, which is integrated with
support for PHP and MySQL.
Enable Web Station
When Web Station is enabled, the web shared folder will be created automatically. Save your web page content
in the folder to publish it on your website.
To enable Web Station:
1 Tick Enable Web Station.
2 Tick Turn on PHP configuration option register_globals if the PHP application you use requires the
register_globals option to be turned on.
Important: it is recommended that you turn off the register_globals option for security reasons.
3 Tick Enable PHP cache.
4 Click OK.
Web Station support and limitations include:
 The homepage for your website must be named index.htm, index.html, or index.php.
 PHP 5.2.0 is supported.
 The following functions are not supported by PHP: system(), exec().
 When you use the PHP mail() function, the system will automatically retrieve and use the SMTP server
information from Synology DiskStation. Make sure you have entered the correct SMTP server information.
Note: For more information about SMTP, see "Install Mail Station Package to Host Email Server" on Page 81.
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 The names blog, photo, photosrc, and webdefault are reserved folder names. These names cannot be used
by Web Station, so please do not create folders with these names under the web shared folder.
 You can customize the error page by creating any of the following files and putting them in the web shared
folder: missing.html, missing.htm, or missing.php. When users try to connect to a page that does not exist,
this customized error page will be displayed.
Enable Virtual Host to Host Websites
The Virtual Host support allows you to host up to 30 websites on one Synology DiskStation. Each website can
have different port number or even different hostname.
To enable Virtual Host and host websites:
1 Click Virtual Host to open the settings window.
2 Click Create and enter the following information.
a The name for the subfolder (in the web shared folder) that will contain the web pages to build the website
b The hostname for the website
c The protocol (HTTP or HTTPS) for the website
d The port number for the website
Note: To use HTTPS protocol, HTTPS connection needs to be enabled in advance. See "Enable HTTPS
Connection with SSL/TLS Protection" on Page 44 for more information.
3 Click OK.
4 Click Virtual Host and go through the above steps again if you want to set up more websites.
Enable Personal Website
The personal website function is a convenient way to allow Synology DiskStation users to host their own personal
website. Each user will have a unique website address http://Synology_Server_IP/~username or
http://Synology_Server_Name/~username.
Note: Before enabling personal website, make sure User Home is enabled. See "Create User's Home Folder" on
Page 52 for more information.
To create a personal website:
1 Create a www folder in the user's home folder.
2 Upload web pages to the www folder.
Personal website Support and limitations:
 Local users are only allowed to access the data in the following path:
 Their own home folder
 /var/tmp
 /tmp
 /volume1/@tmp/php
 Synology DiskStation users can customize the error page by creating any of the following files and putting
them in the www shared folder: missing.html, missing.htm, or missing.php. When users try to connect to a
page that does not exist, this customized error page will be displayed.
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Enable MySQL
You can enable MySQL to use the MySQL database function for your website.
To Enable MySQL:
Tick Enable MySQL and choose a volume to store the database data.
When MySQL is enabled, you can install the web-based PHP tools, such as phpMyAdmin, to manage the
MySQL database. The phpMyAdmin package is available on Synology's download center at:
http://www.synology.com/support/download.php
Note:
 For more information about installing packages for Synology DiskStation Manager, see "Manage Packages" on
Page 143.
 By default, the ID for the phpMyAdmin administrator is root, and the password is blank. It is recommended that
you change the password.
 To delete your MySQL databases, do so by restoring your Synology DiskStation to factory defaults. See "Restore
Synology DiskStation to Factory Defaults" on Page 141 for more information.
Install Value Applications
After you have finished setting up your web environment, you can install applications to enhance the features of
your website using many of the free Open Source applications.
For a list of value applications tested to be compatible with Synology DiskStation, visit www.synology.com. For
the download links and installation instructions of those applications, visit their websites.
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Install Mail Station Package to Host Email Server
With the Mail Station package, you can turn your Synology DiskStation into a mail server, allowing
Synology DiskStation users to receive and deliver mail messages.
Before using Mail Station, do the following first:
 Register a domain name for your IP, or apply for a DDNS hostname.
Note: For more information about registering a DDNS account for Synology DiskStation, see "Give
Synology DiskStation a DDNS Hostname" on Page 42.
 When applying for a domain name or dynamic domain name, please fill the MX (Mail eXchanger) record of
mail domain with your mail server (that is the FQDN of Synology DiskStation).
For example, if the mail server is mail.synology.com, then fill the MX record with mail.synology.com.
 Go to Privileges > User and enable User Home service to allow users to store their mail messages in their
home folders. Otherwise, they will not be able to send or receive mails.
Note: For more information about User Home, see "Create User's Home Folder" on Page 52.
To install Mail Station:
1 Download and extract the Mail Station package from Synology's download center at:
http://www.synology.com/support/download.php
2 Go to System > Package Management and install the downloaded Mail Station package.
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Note: For more information about installing packages for Synology DiskStation Manager, see "Manage Packages" on
Page 143.
To set up Mail Station:
1 Go to Applications > Mail Station.
2 In the Mail domain settings section, fill in the Domain name. Your users' mail address will be:
user_name@domain_name or user_name@DDNS_hostname
Note: Make sure you entered the same domain name for your IP, or the same DDNS hostname you registered in
Internet Connection > DDNS.
3 In the Mail server settings section, do the following:
a Tick Enable SMTP to deliver and receive mails.
b Tick SMTP Authorization is required if you want to prevent your mail accounts from being used as a
spammer.
If you use this option, then your users must provide their Synology DiskStation user account and password
for authentication while setting SMTP server in their mail clients. Take Outlook Express, for example, you
can enable the option at My server requires authentication in Tools > Accounts > Mail Account >
Properties > Servers.
4 In the Mail receiving settings section, enable at least one of the protocols (POP3, POP3 SSL/TLS,IMAP, and
IMAP SSL/TLS) to receive mails via mail clients.
5 In the Webmail settings section, do the following:
 Tick Enable Webmail (IMAP will be enabled automatically) if you want the users to be able to use the
webmail to send and receive mails.
Note: Webmail operates via the IMAP protocol, so Enable IMAP will be automatically ticked when you enable
webmail service.
 Click the link to your webmail next to Webmail URL to log in to your webmail with your
Synology DiskStation user account and password.
Note:
 You cannot log in to the webmail with a user name that is not in English or without a password.
 For more information about using the webmail, see Mail Station User's Guide from Synology's download center
at: http://www.synology.com/support/download.php
Set Synology DiskStation as the Printer Server
Synology DiskStation can become the printer server over your local area network by connecting up to 2 USB
printers to your Synology DiskStation.
Set Up the USB Printer
You need to use Synology Assistant to set up your USB printer.
To set up the USB printer:
1 Connect the printer to the USB port of your Synology DiskStation.
2 Open Synology Assistant on your computer.
3 Choose your Synology DiskStation from the server list and click Add Printer.
4 Follow the wizard to complete the setup.
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Manage the USB Printer
Go to External Devices > USB Printer to manage the printers.
To eject a USB printer:
1 Disconnect the printer from the USB port of your Synology DiskStation.
2 Click Eject.
To clean up the printer spool space:
Click Clean to cancel the printing jobs for all printers.
Note: For more information about accessing the printer from different platforms, see the help section of the USB
Printer.
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Chapter
Chapter 11:
Share Photos, Videos, and Blogs with
Photo Station
11
Photo Station is an online photo album integrated with a blog. It makes creating albums and blogging fun and
easy.
This chapter explains how to do the following:
 Create Photo Station user accounts
 Upload and download photos and videos
 Manage the albums
 Manage the thumbnail view
 Customize Photo Station background and theme
 Find photos and videos with the search function
 Manage blogs
Enable Photo Station
Go to Applications > Photo Station to enable Photo Station. After it is enabled, the photo shared folder will be
created automatically to contain your Photo Station data.
To Enable Photo Station:
Click Enable Photo Station 4 and click OK.
To edit Photo Station settings:
1 Tick Set new albums as public if you want the uploaded photo albums available to visitors.
2 Click Re-index to reconstruct the index structure of the image files If you found missing images in
Photo Station. The process will be executed in the background.
3 Click OK.
Support and Limitations
 Video formats not viewable on Photo Station: DAT, MP4, MPEG2, RM, RMVB, VOB
 Maximum image file size: 20 MB (excluding images in RAW format)
 Browser requirement: JavaScript enabled
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 Microsoft Internet Explorer requirement: ActiveX controls and plug-ins and Active scripting enabled
Connect to Photo Station
To connect with Synology DiskStation Manager:
1 Log in to Synology DiskStation Manager.
2 Click the Photo Station icon on the desktop.
To connect by entering the web address:
Type the following web address in the address bar of your web browser: http://Synology_Server_Name/photo/
To connect with Mobile Device:
 Photo Station can be accessed on a mobile device with iPhone OS 2.2.1 onward or Windows Mobile® 6.0
(Internet Explorer® Mobile or Opera® 9.0 or onward).
 You can also download DS photo on Apple’s App Store to upload photos stored on their iPhone/iPod Touch to
a Synology DiskStation.
Note: For more information about using mobile devices to access Synology DiskStation services, see "Chapter 17:
Communicate with Mobile Devices" on Page 146.
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Manage Photo Station User Accounts
Other than the system administrator, Photo Station does not share the same user account database with
Synology DiskStation Manager. The system administrator can create, update, and delete Photo Station's user
accounts.
Select Settings at the top of Photo Station's homepage, and then select the User Accounts tab on the
Synology Photo Station 4 Settings page to add and edit Photo Station user accounts.
Add a New Account
1 Click Create User and enter the username, description, and password.
2 If you like, do any of the following in the Other Settings section:
 Choose whether to allow this user to modify his/her account information.
 Choose if you want to set this user as admin. If this user is set as admin, he/she will be able to sign in with
his/her own account and perform admin privileges.
3 Click Submit.
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Edit Existing User Accounts
1 Double-click the user or select the user, and click Edit.
2 Modify user's information and click Submit.
Note: By ticking Disable this account, you can deny the user's access until it's enabled again.
Remove a User Account
1 Select the user you want to delete, and click Delete.
2 Click Yes in the dialog window.
Manage and View Albums
This section explains how to upload a new album and manage its settings.
Upload Photos and Videos to Create a New Album
Select the photos and videos you want, put them in a folder that will become your new album.
You can use any of the following methods to upload the new album to the photo shared folder.
Upload within the Intranet
If your computer and Synology DiskStation are within the same Intranet, you can upload the album via the file
sharing protocols for your platform.
Note: For more information about accessing the photo shared folder within the Intranet, see "Access Files within the
Intranet" on Page 59 for more information.
Upload over the Internet
If your computer and Synology DiskStation are not within the same Intranet, you can upload your album via
File Station or FTP.
Note: For more information about accessing the photo shared folder over the Internet, see "Access Files via FTP" on
Page 62 or "Access Files via File Station" on Page 63 for more information.
Upload Using Photo Station
Now you can upload photos and videos to an existing album with Photo Station. See "Upload Photos and Videos
to an Album" on Page 88 for more information.
Upload Using Photo Uploader
You can upload your albums to Synology DiskStation using Photo Uploader, one of the several functions of
Synology Assistant.
Before uploading, Photo Uploader will use your computer to compress videos to H.264 format, and generate
thumbnails for the photos and videos.
Note:
 It is recommended that you upload using Photo Uploader if your album contains many photos and videos.
 For more information about using Photo Uploader, see the help of Synology Assistant.
View Your Albums
After you connect to Photo Station, you will enter the Photos page, where you can see the albums you uploaded.
Click the thumbnail of your album to see the thumbnails of all the photos and videos in the album.
You can also view the streaming videos in full screen to avoid long wait for downloading.
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Manage Albums
Manage your albums with the upload, delete, download, and reorder functions. Edit the titles, descriptions, and
access privileges according to your need. You can also enable virtual albums in Photo Station.
Delete Album
Remove the folders from the photo shared folder.
Edit Album Details
1 Go to Photo Station's homepage and click Edit under the album you want to edit.
2 Modify the album's information and users' access permissions.
3 Choose whether to allow users to comment on images in this album.
4 Click OK.
Upload Photos and Videos to an Album
You can allow users to directly upload photos and videos to an existing album via Photo Station.
Note: To upload photos and videos to a new album, see "Upload Photos and Videos to Create a New Album" on
Page 84 for more information.
To upload photos and videos to an album:
1 Select Photos at the top of Photo Station's homepage, and then select the album to which you want to upload
photos and videos.
2 Click Upload in the album information to select and upload photos and videos to the album. (If you cannot see
the button, click the tiny downward triangle in the top-right corner to reveal the album information. The
downward triangle will not be displayed if you are using the Photo wall layout.)
Note: Only users with the access and upload rights to the album can upload photos and videos.
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Download an Album
You can allow users to download albums via Photo Station.
To allow users to download albums:
1 Select Settings at the top of Photo Station's homepage, and then select the Photo tab on the Synology
Photo Station 4 Settings page.
2 Tick Allow users to download album in Other Settings and then click Save.
To download an album:
1 Select Photos at the top of Photo Station's homepage, and then select the album you want to download.
2 Click Download. (If you cannot see the button, click the tiny downward triangle in the top-right corner to reveal
the album information. The downward triangle will not be displayed if you are using the Photo wall layout.)
3 In the window that appears, do any of the following:
 Select Download all to download the entire album as a zip file.
 Select Select items to download, select the items you want to download and click OK. (Press and hold
Shift or Ctrl while making multiple selections.)
Your selections will be downloaded as a zip file.
Refresh an Album
When viewing an album, you can refresh the screen by clicking Refresh on the right side and making sure the
correct album information is displayed.
Reorder Albums
1 Select Photos at the top of Photo Station's homepage.
2 Click Reorder Albums and drag and drop the albums to reorder them. If you are using a touch screen, you
can also reorder the albums with your fingers.
3 Click Save.
Set as Private Album
If you wish for the album to be accessible only by specific users, do any of the following.
Method 1:
1 Go to Photo Station's homepage, and click Edit under the album you want to edit.
2 Uncheck Set as public.
3 Assign users to the Access Permission list. You can also set the access permissions to the second tier album
within an album, but only users with access to the first tier albums will be able to access the second tier
albums.
4 Click OK.
Method 2:
1 Select Settings at the top of Photo Station's homepage, and then select the Photo tab on the Synology
Photo Station 4 Settings page.
2 Click Customize next to Access Permissions.
3 In the window that appears, uncheck Public for the album you want to switch to private, and click Save to save
the changes.
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Note:
 This action will clear the albums' original access and upload rights. Please re-configure the albums' access rights
and upload rights after saving the changes.
 You can set the new album as public by default from Synology DiskStation Manager. The second tier
albums within the new album will inherit the same attributes from the first tier albums. See "Enable
Photo Station" on Page 84 for more information.
Enable Virtual Album
Photo Station allows you to display the most recent photos and videos in virtual albums, which will be listed in
front of all the other albums on the Photos page.
To Enable Virtual Album:
1 Select Settings at the top of Photo Station's homepage, and then select the Photo tab on the Synology
Photo Station 4 Settings page.
2 Click Customize next to Display Virtual Album open the settings window.
3 Tick any of the following checkboxes to enable the virtual albums:
 Recent photos
 Recent videos
 Recently commented photos
 Recently commented videos
Customize the Themes for an Album
You can customize the album layout setting under Photo tab.
To customize the theme for an album:
1 Select Settings at the top of Photo Station's homepage, and then select the Photo tab.
2 Select Custom from the drop-down menu under Style.
3 Click Customize to open the dialog.
4 Choose the block you would like to customize and modify your settings.
5 Click Save.
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View and Customize Photos and Videos
After selecting the album, you can see the thumbnails of all the photos inside the album. Moreover, you can
customize the thumbnails according to your preferences.
Change Thumbnail Settings and Order
Select Settings at the top of Photo Station's homepage, and then select the Photo tab on the Synology
Photo Station 4 Settings page to change the following thumbnail settings and order:
 To adopt a new layout for the photo thumbnails page, choose Basic, Photo wall, or Image Flow from the
Thumbnail page layout drop-down menu.
 To determine the maximum width of the thumbnail, enter a number in the Default thumbnail size field.
 To determine the maximum number of thumbnails shown on a photo thumbnails page, enter a number
in the Thumbnail per page field.
 To determine how the thumbnails are sorted, choose an option from the Sort by drop-down menu.
 To sort your thumbnails in ascending or descending order, choose an option from the Sort order dropdown menu.
 To determine the maximum width of displayed photo after clicking a thumbnail, choose an option from
the Photo display size drop-down menu.
View and Edit Photos and Videos
When you view a photo in an album, you can see its details and make changes to it using the following links
above the thumbnail:
 Information: See the metadata information of the photo or video.
 Map: See where the photo is taken if your camera can record the coordinate information.
 Rotate +90° or Rotate -90°: Rotate the photo.
 Set as Album Cover: Set the photo or video as the cover of the album on the Photos page.
 Blog it: Add a new blog post with the photo embedded.
 Start Slideshow: Start a slideshow of the album.
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Use the Blog
The administrator can post blogs on Photo Station now. Moreover, you can also personalize your blog space by
adjusting the layout and modules.
Log in to Photo Station, and select Blog at the top of Photo Station's homepage to start editing your blog.
Add a New Post
1 Click New post on the left side.
2 Enter the post title, edit the post, and insert images or videos if you wish. To insert a video, click the Insert/edit
embedded media button (
window that appears.
) in the format bar above the text field, and then enter the video URL in the
3 Select a label action from the Label Actions drop-down menu.
4 Click the Settings tab.
5 Choose readers from the drop-down menu.
6 If you wish to display a post abstract, tick Show abstract when article is on main page and enter the content.
7 To allow visitors to leave comments, tick Allow comments.
8 Click Publish.
Note:
 For the post title, you can enter up to 512 characters, whereas 40,960 characters are allowed for the post content.
 The following html tags in article content will be filtered out automatically:
form, input, script, table, td, tr, tbody, th, html, body.
Delete a Post
1 Click the post title, and click Delete post.
2 Click Yes in the dialog window.
Personalize the Blog
The administrator can go to the Settings section to adjust the blog settings, such as changing the banner picture,
naming the blog, editing the module settings, and deciding the blog layout, etc.
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To edit basic blog settings:
Double-click the item or click Customize on the right side.
To edit module settings:
Choose a module from the drop-down menu, and click Customize. You can add your personal information here,
or a slideshow of one of your photo albums, or links to your friends' sites.
To adjust the blog layout:
Go to the Appearance Settings area and click Customize next to Page Width and Banner or Layout &
Modules, and decide the blog layout and modules you wish to display on the main page.
Find Old Posts
A Blog archive module contains all your posts, including those that don't appear on the main page.
To find an old post, do one of the following:
 Click the archive folders by year to unfold the monthly post records.
 Use the Search module to search all your previous articles with keywords.
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Chapter
Chapter 12:
Play Music with Audio Station
12
Audio Station is a web-based audio application, allowing you to access the music library on your
Synology DiskStation, choose available audio sources on the local area network, and add your favorite music to
playlists for playback.
With Audio Station, you can also browse and play songs on your iPod or on the DLNA-certified Digital Media
Servers, and listen to Internet radio.
Audio Station can play music through USB speakers connected to your Synology DiskStation, your computer, or
DLNA-certified Digital Media Renderers.
This chapter explains how to enable Audio Station, choose audio source, browse music from the source, add
music to the playlist, and add music and playlists to the queue panel for playback.
Note: Audio Station supports the following formats:
 Audio: (USB Mode) AAC, FLAC, M4A, MP3, Ogg Vorbis, WMA, WMA VBR; (Streaming Mode) MP3, M4A, M4B
 Playlist: M3U, WPL
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Enable Audio Station
Go to Applications > Audio Station to enable Audio Station. After it is enabled, the music shared folder will be
created automatically to contain your Audio Station data.
To Enable Audio Station:
Click Enable Audio Station 2 and click OK.
To re-index audio files:
Click Re-index to reconstruct the index structure of the audio files If you found missing music in Audio Station.
The process will be executed in the background.
Connect to Audio Station
To connect via Synology DiskStation Manager:
1 Log in to Synology DiskStation Manager.
2 Click the Audio Station icon on the desktop.
Note: If you are using the Management UI, you can also click the Audio Station button in the banner section to
connect to Audio Station.
To connect via iPhone or iPod touch:
You can download DS audio from Apple's App Store to play the music in Audio Station with your iPhone or iPod
touch. For more information about DS audio, see "Chapter 17: Communicate with Mobile Devices" on Page 146.
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Choose Audio Source
On the left section of Audio Station are several audio sources you can choose from for playback on Audio Station.
Library
The library contains music in the music shared folders of your Synology DiskStation, which will be organized into
the following categories.
To browse your music library, do any of the following:
 Click All Music to browse all music in the “music” shared folder.
 Click By Folder to browse music by directory.
 Click By Album to browse music by the album information of the song.
 Click By Artist to browse music by the artist information of the song.
 Click By Genre to browse music by the genre information of the song.
 Click Random100 to browse 100 songs chosen randomly by the system.
Playlist
You can click the disclosure triangle next to Playlist to see your playlists.
To edit your playlist, do any of the following:
 Select Refresh to update all playlists.
 Select New Playlist to create a new playlist.
Note: Only users with the Manage Playlist privilege (in Settings > Privileges in the top-left corner) can edit or add
playlists.
Smart Playlist
You can click the disclosure triangle next to Smart Playlist to see your smart playlists.
To refresh your smart playlist:
Select Refresh to update all smart playlists.
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To add or edit a smart playlist:
1 Go to Applications > iTunes in Synology DiskStation Manager.
2 Click Smart Playlist to add or edit your playlist.
Note: for more information about editing the smart playlists, see "Use Smart Playlist" on Page 135.
iPod
You can click the disclosure triangle next to iPod to see the iPod connected to the USB port on
Synology DiskStation.
To refresh iPod contents:
Select Refresh to update the iPod contents.
Note:
 Audio Station only supports iPods formatted by iTunes for Windows.
 Only users with the USB Mode or Streaming Mode privilege (in Settings > Privileges in the top left corner) have
access to iPod contents.
Internet Radio
Audio Station comes with lists of Internet radio stations provided by SHOUTCast(TM) and RadioIO. You can also
add your radio stations manually.
To add a radio station:
1 Select Add Radio Station to open the settings window.
2 Fill in the corresponding information (Name, Description, and URL) to add a radio station to the User defined
list.
To see the list of radio stations:
1 Select an existing Internet radio provider or User defined list.
2 See the details of its radio stations in the main section.
Note: Only users with the USB Mode or Streaming Mode privilege (in Settings > Privileges in the top left corner)
can listen to Internet radio.
Media Server
Audio Station can browse and play media contents on DLNA-certified Digital Media Servers or other
Synology DiskStations on the local area network.
To search for media servers on the local area network:
Select Scan Media Server to search for available servers.
Note: Only users with the USB Mode or Streaming Mode privilege (in Settings > Privileges in the top left corner)
can play media server contents.
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Organize Your Music
After selecting one of the audio sources on the left side, you can browse its contents in the main section of the
Audio Station, and organize your favorite music into playlists.
Browse Music
You can change views, see your current location, and use the search field to find your music quickly.
Note: If you see unreadable song titles, album names, or artist names while browsing through your music, go to
Synology DiskStation Manager to set the correct codepage that matches the language of your computer, and then reindex your music. See "Specify Default Languages" on Page 27 and "Enable Audio Station" on Page 95 for more
information.
Change Views
By clicking the three buttons above the main section, you can browse your songs in different views.
There are three views to browse your songs:
 List (the first button): Organize your items in a list.
 Icon (the second button): The icons or artwork (if any) of your songs or folders appear in the main section.
 Cover Flow (the third button): All icons/artwork and song/directory names appear using Cover Flow, a fancy
way to flip through your library.
Note: Cover flow is available only when browsing the library using By Album.
See Your Current Location
You can use the Up button (on the right side of Settings) and the Location drop-down menu at the top of the
Audio Station window to go back to previous directories.
To go back to the previous directory, do any of the following:
 Click the Up button to go back to the last directory.
 Choose a directory from the Location drop-down menu to choose a previous directory to go back to.
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Search Music
You can use the search field above the main section of Audio Station to search your music.
To search music:
1 Choose a category from the All Categories drop-down menu.
2 Enter a word or phrase in the search field.
3 Press Enter (Windows) or Return (Mac) on your keyboard.
The search result will appear in the main section.
Display Additional Attributes
You can display additional attributes of your music to show them in new columns of the main section.
To display additional attributes:
1 Hover the pointer over any column header of the main section, and click the downward arrow that appears to
the right of the header.
2 From the pop-up menu, choose the Columns submenu.
3 Tick the checkboxes next to the extra attributes to show them in new columns.
Work with Playlist
You can organize your songs into playlists to categorize and access your favorite music more easily.
To create a playlist, do any of the following:
 Method 1:
a Click New Playlist under Playlist to create an empty playlist.
b While browsing through the library, select any songs in the main section.
c Drag the selected songs to the playlist you just created.
 Method 2:
a While browsing through your library, select any songs you want in the main section.
b Drag the selected songs to New Playlist below Playlist.
Note:
 You cannot add folders to playlists.
 You can also add songs from the queue to a new playlist. See "About the Output Modes and the Queue Panel" on
Page 100 for more information.
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To rename or remove a playlist:
Right-click the playlist and choose Rename or Delete.
To adjust the order of songs in a playlist, do any of the following:
 Select songs in the main section and click Up or Down on the top to move them up or down in the playlist.
 Select and drag the songs up or down in the main section.
To remove songs from a playlist:
Press and hold Shift or Ctrl while making multiple selections, and right-click to choose Delete.
Play Music
The right side of Audio Station consists of the queue panel and the music player. You can play the music added
to the queue with the music player.
About the Output Modes and the Queue Panel
To play music via different devices, you can add songs to the different output modes in the queue panel.
The output modes include the following:
 Streaming Mode: Stream music to your computer for playback via the speakers of your computer.
 USB Mode: Play music via the USB speakers connected to the USB port of your Synology DiskStation.
Note: When you play music in the USB mode, you can also control music playback with the direction-free USB
remote control. For more information about Synology Remote, visit www.synology.com.
 Media Renderer: Play music via a Digital Media Renderer (DMR) within your local area network.
Only one mode can be expanded at a time. When you add your music or playlist to the queue, the music will be
added to the expanded mode.
Note: You can play music in different modes at the same time.
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Add Music to Queue
You can add your songs from the library to the queue panel on the right side for playback.
To add your songs from the library to the queue panel, do any of the following:
 Double-click an item in the main section to add it to the queue and start playing it right away.
 Select one or more items in the main section, and then drag them to the queue.
 Select one or more items in the main section, right-click and choose Add selections to queue to add selected
songs to the queue.
 Right-click an item and choose Add all to queue to add all items in the same directory to the queue.
Note: You cannot add folders to the queue.
Add a Playlist to Queue
You can add or append playlists to the queue panel on the right side for playback.
To add a playlist to the queue and replace the existing songs in the queue:
Right-click the playlist and choose Play. Audio Station will play the songs in the playlist immediately.
To append a playlist to the queue without replacing the existing songs in the queue:
Right-click the playlist and choose Add to queue.
Manage Songs in the Queue Panel
To play a song in the queue:
Right-click the song and choose Play to play it right away.
To adjust the order of songs in the queue, do any of the following:
 Select and drag the songs up and down in the queue.
 Select the song, right-clicking one of them, and choosing Up or Down.
To add all songs in the current queue panel to a new playlist:
Right-click any of the songs and choose Save the playing queue.
To remove a song from the queue:
Select the song, right-click and choose Remove.
To remove all songs from the queue:
Right-click any of the songs and choose Remove all.
Note: Only users with the USB Mode or Streaming Mode privilege (in Settings > Privileges in the top left corner)
can access relevant modes.
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Play Music with Music Player
You can play the music added to the queue with the music player.
The upper part of the music player displays the information of the currently playing music, including the song's
title, album, artist, and duration. The lower part contains the controls you can use to control music playback.
To play a song:
Click Play/Pause, Next, or Previous.
To skip to any point in the currently playing song:
Drag the playhead along the timeline (below the song's duration) to any point you want.
To adjust the volume:
Drag the volume slider below the timeline.
To repeat the songs in the queue:
Click Repeat All (the first button from the left in the lower right corner of the music player).
To repeat the currently playing song in the queue:
Click Repeat One (the middle button in the lower right corner of the music player).
To play the songs in the queue in random order:
Click Shuffle (the third button from the left in the lower right corner of the music player).
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Chapter
Chapter 13:
Download Files with Download Station
13
Download Station is a web-based download application, allowing you to download files from the Internet through
BitTorrent, FTP, HTTP, NZB and eMule. BitTorrent partial file download is also available. In addition, you can set
up Email notification to send a mail message to you when a download task is finished.
This chapter explains how to enable Download Station and manage the download tasks.
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Enable Download Station
Go to Applications > Download Station to enable Download Station.
To enable Download Station:
Tick Enable Download Station 2 and click OK.
Enable eMule Download
eMule is a peer-to-peer file sharing application that connects to both eDonkey and Kad network. You have to
connect to an ED2K server before searching and downloading files on the eDonkey network.
To enable eMule download:
Tick Enable eMule Downloads and click OK.
Connect to Download Station
1 Log in to Synology DiskStation Manager.
2 Click the Download Station icon on the desktop.
Note: If you are using the Management UI, you can also click the Download Station button in the banner section to
connect to Download Station.
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Download BT/HTTP/FTP/NZB Files
After you connect to Download Station, you will enter BitTorrent/HTTP/FTP/NZB > Task, where you can set the
download destination folder and start downloading.
Set the Download Destination Folder
The shared folder used as the download destination is shown on the lower left part of the Task page.
To change the destination folder:
1 Click Destination.
2 Choose the shared folder where you want to save the downloaded files.
3 Click OK.
Manage Download Tasks
To create a download task:
1 Click Create.
2 Choose one of the download methods:
 Enter URL: Enter the URL of the file.
 Open a file: Click Browse to locate the file to be downloaded.
3 Click Create.
To create a RSS download task:
1 Click Create.
2 Enter the URL in the Enter RSS URL field and click Create.
3 If the entered RSS link is valid, a dialog will appear with a list of files.
4 Select one or more files to download and click OK.
Note:
 A RSS document, also known as a RSS feed, contains a list of download information, such as the download link,
file size, etc.
 Some download links in the RSS file are links to a web page rather than the actual file. This kind of RSS files will
not be supported.
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To pause/resume/remove download tasks:
Select the download tasks and click Pause, Resume, or Remove.
To end an incomplete or erroneous download task:
1 Select the download tasks and click End.
2 Click OK to end the task. The files will be moved to your destination shared folder.
Warning: You cannot resume or restart a task after ending it.
To view detailed information about a download task:
Select the download task and click Get Info.
To clear finished download tasks:
Click Clear. Downloaded files will remain in the destination shared folder.
To change the list order of download tasks:
To sort the list of download tasks, click the column headers. Default ordering is by the creation date of the
download tasks.
To download a FTP folder:
Enter the FTP link with the forward slash (/) at the end of the link. All of the files and subfolders in the folder will
be downloaded.
Troubleshooting
When errors occur, all action buttons will be disabled. You can enable the action buttons by checking the
possible errors:
 Download Station is disabled.
 The network is down.
 Download destination is not set.
 Your account is disabled or removed.
 Unknown Error happened.
If the problem still exists after checking the above list of possible errors, contact Synology Support at:
www.synology.com
Manage BT/HTTP/FTP/NZB Settings
Go to BT/HTTP/FTP/NZB > Settings to manage the BT/HTTP/FTP/NZB download settings.
Choose a Process Order
In the General section, select any of the following process orders.
 By user: Sort the order of download tasks by the users who added the download tasks.
 By date created: Sort the order of download tasks by the date they are added.
Note: Choosing By user can improve the fairness among users, so it is recommended when more than one user are
downloading files.
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Edit RapidShare and Megaupload Download Settings
There are many online file sharing websites, where registered users can upload files and share the download
links to the files with other people.
Now Synology provides support for two of such websites: RapidShare and Megaupload. If you have a premium
membership for the websites, you can use Download Station to download their files.
To allow Download Station to download Rapidshare or Megaupload files:
In the RapidShare Download or the Megaupload Download section, enter your account information and click
OK.
Note: Fees apply to sign up for a premium membership. Visit their websites for more information.
Edit NZB Download Settings
With Download Station, you can download NZB files via a news server. To download NZB files, you must enter
the information for the news server and your account.
To enter the information for the news server and your account:
Enter the information in the NZB Download section.
Note: Number of connections per NZB task is usually limited by your news server, but you can still limit the
number of maximum connections to each NZB task by giving it a value.
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Edit BitTorrent Download Settings
In the BitTorrent Download Setting section, you can edit the following settings for downloading BitTorrent files.
 BitTorrent Port Range: By default, the BitTorrent port range is from 6881 to 6890. You can also specify a
range from 1 to 65535. The port range should contain at least 10 ports.
Note: You cannot use the following port number for BitTorrent access, because they are reserved for system use:
 Port Number: 20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 80, 110, 137, 138, 139, 143, 199, 443, 445, 515, 543, 548, 587, 873, 993, 995,
3306, 3689, 5000, 5001, 5335, 5432, 9997, 9998, 9999
 FTP default port range: 55536-55663
 Surveillance Station default port range: 55736-55863
 BitTorrent upload and download rates: Enter the maximum upload and download rate in the fields (must be
larger than 1 KB/s).
Note: For more information about other BitTorrent settings, see the Help section of the BitTorrent/HTTP/FTP/NZB >
Settings page.
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Download via eMule
Go to eMule to add eMule servers, search ED2K files, and manage download tasks.
Add ED2K Server/Kad
It is necessary to connect to an ED2K server to access the resources on an ED2K network. An ED2K server
provides an index for the shared resources of the connected users, allowing all users to search and download the
sources.
Go to Server/Kad to connect to an ED2K server or a Kad network.
To add an ED2K server:
1 Click Add to open the settings window.
2 Do any of the following:
 Choose Server IP and enter the IP address and port of the server.
 Choose ED2K link (e.g. ed2k://|server|IP|port|/).
3 Click Add.
To delete an ED2K server:
Select one or more servers from the list and click Delete.
To connect to a random ED2K server:
1 Click Connect without having a server selected.
2 Wait for any random server to be connected.
To connect to a specific ED2K server:
1 Select a server from the server list and click Connect.
2 Wait for the server to be connected.
3 Wait for any random server to be connected if the selected server is full or has an invalid IP address.
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Search with eMule
Go to Search to search the files you want to download.
Perform a General Search
1 Enter a keyword and select a file type.
2 Select any of the following search method:
 Local
 Global Server
 Kad
3 Click Search to start the file search.
The search result might be shown in the following colors:
 Blue: There are sufficient sources available on the network for those files.
 Red: The file is already in the download queue or in the download destination.
Perform an Advanced Search
1 Click the down arrow to the right of the Search button.
2 Enter a keyword and select a file type.
3 Select any of the following search method.
 Local
 Global Server
 Kad
4 Enter the minimum and maximum file size for the desired files. (optional)
5 Enter the minimum number of sources. (optional)
6 Enter the file extension. (optional)
7 Click on the Search button to start the file search.
Stop Searching or Clear the Search Result
Click Stop or Clear to stop searching or clear the search result.
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Add Searched Files to eMule Download Queue
Follow steps below to download one or more files. Files already exist in the download queue will not be added to
the queue.
1 Double-click the file or select one or more files in the list.
2 Click Download.
The selected tasks will be added to the download queue to begin downloading.
Manage eMule Download Tasks
Go to Download Queue to set the destination folder and manage the download tasks.
To set the destination folder:
1 Click Destination in the lower-left corner.
2 Choose a shared folder and click OK.
To create download tasks:
1 Click Create to open the settings window.
2 Do any of the following:
 Upload a text file containing multiple ED2K links
 Enter up to 20 ED2K links in the Enter URL field.
3 Click Create.
To delete, pause or resume a download task:
1 Select one or more tasks you want to delete, pause or resume.
2 Click Delete, Pause or Resume.
To view the detailed information of a task, do any of the following:
 Double-click a task.
 Select a task and click Get Info.
If you like, select a desired priority for the task.
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Change eMule Download or Upload Speed
Go to Settings, and enter the maximum download or upload rates in the Upload and download rates section.
Note: For more information about the eMule settings, go to eMule and see the help section of the Download Queue
and Settings page.
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Chapter
Chapter 14:
Safeguard Your Environment with
Surveillance Station
14
Surveillance Station is a web-based application that can manage IP cameras to safeguard your home or office
environment.
This chapter explains how to manage IP cameras, watch and record live view videos, set up scheduled recording,
playback recorded events, set up surveillance patrol path, and use all the other comprehensive features provided
by Surveillance Station.
Enable Surveillance Station
Go to Applications > Surveillance Station to enable Surveillance Station. After it is enabled, the surveillance
shared folder will be created automatically to contain your Surveillance Station data.
Connect to Surveillance Station
1 Log in to Synology DiskStation Manager.
2 Click the Surveillance Station icon on the desktop.
Note: If you are using the Management UI, you can also click the Surveillance Station button in the banner section
to connect to Surveillance Station.
Manage IP Cameras
Click Camera to add and edit cameras, set up recording schedule, and set up the guard settings.
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Add a Camera
1 Click Add.
2 Choose Quick Setup or Complete Setup and click Next.
3 Edit the following Device Info settings:
a Enter a name for identifying this camera.
b Enter the camera's IP address or host name. You can also click Search, the system will search the IP
camera installed at the same domain. Once the camera is selected, the system will automatically display the
IP address, port number and model of the camera.
c Change the port number if the camera is using another port.
d Select the camera brand from the drop-down menu.
e Select the camera model from the drop-down menu.
f Select the video channel from the drop-down menu if the camera device is a video server.
g Select the video format from the drop-down menu.
h Select the streaming type from the drop-down menu.
i Enter the username and password of the camera’s administrator account.
j Click Test Camera to see if the camera can be correctly connected.
4 If you selected Quick Setup, click Finish to complete setup. Otherwise, click Next to edit the Video settings:
4
a Select the Image quality, Resolution, and Frame rate for recording image and live view image.
b Select the live view source from either Surveillance Station or directly from camera. Choosing live view
source from the camera will mitigate the server loading and minimize the possible time delay. However, you
will have to configure the camera’s port forwarding to live view via Internet.
5 Click Next and edit the following Continuous Recording settings:
a Tick the checkbox of Enable motion detection while in continuous recording mode or Enable alarm
recording while in continuous recording mode at your preference. Different events will be displayed in
different colors on the event timeline.
b Select the time length of each saved video file under continuous recording mode.
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c Select Pre-recording time and the Post-recording time under event recording mode.
d Select Enable audio when recording and choose Audio format if your camera supports the function.
6 Click Next and edit the following Storage Settings:
a Enter a name for the event archive folder that will be used to save the recorded videos.
b Enter the file name prefix that will appear in front of each file name.
c Tick Keep the files within (days) or Limit the archive folder up to (GB) and specify the value. Archives
will be saved and deleted according to the settings.
d Click Estimate Required Space to evaluate the space usage.
7 Click Next and edit the following Schedule settings:
a To set a schedule plan for automatic recording, click the Continuous Recording, Motion Detection
Recording(M), Alarm Recording(A), Motion Detection and Alarm Recording buttons, and then click or
select an area on the grid.
b To select the entire day or hour in each day, click the day grid or the hour grid.
8 Click Finish to complete the setup.
Note:
1 If your camera model is not listed, you can select a similar model or choose User Define and enter the camera’s
image source path. The source path must be set correctly for the camera to obtain images. Please consult the
camera’s manufacturer for the camera source path.
2 In MPEG4 format, Surveillance Station supports audio streaming in both Live View and video recording. The audio
support is only available when the IP camera is equipped with audio function.
3 Surveillance Station supports two streaming types, HTTP and RTSP. The actual supported streaming type
depends on the camera capability.
4 The frame rate should be set appropriately for the best recording performance.
5 Only UPnP compatible cameras will be found when Search Camera is clicked.
Edit Camera and Recording Settings
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To edit camera settings:
1 Choose the camera you want to change settings, and click Edit > Settings. Or you can double-click the
camera to change its settings.
2 Edit the settings in Device Info, Video, Continuous Recording, Storage Settings, and Schedule to
preference.
3 Click Save to save the changes.
Note: If you edit the camera settings while recording, Surveillance Station will stop recording the current video,
and generate a new video according to the new settings.
To set the recording schedule:
1 Choose the camera you want to set the recording schedule, and click Edit.
2 Click Schedule in the camera settings.
3 Click the Continuous Recording button, Motion Detection Recording button, Alarm Recording button, or
Motion Detection and Alarm Recording buttons, and then click the grid. To select the entire day or hour in
each day, click the day grid or the hour grid.
4 If you want to cancel selection, click the eraser icon (Delete) and click the grid you want to cancel selection.
5 Click Save to save the changes.
To edit motion detection settings:
1 Select the camera you want to change settings, and click Edit.
2 Select Motion Detection from the drop-down menu.
3 You can live view the camera from the screen on the Motion Detection window. The bar next to the screen
shows motion detection status. Green means normal and Red means an event is triggered.
4 Choose either Motion detection by the camera or Motion detection by Surveillance Station (MJPEG only).
 If you select Motion detection by the camera, enter the value of Detection sensitivity, Threshold, Object
size, and Trigger percentage (subject to camera's capability). The value percentage range is 1 to 99(%).
 If you select Motion detection by Surveillance Station, enter the value of Detection sensitivity value and
Threshold. The value percentage range is 1 to 99(%).
5 Click Detection Area to define the detection area.
6 Click Apply to apply the settings into camera or Surveillance Station. You can preview the changes in the
screen on the right.
7 Click OK to save the settings.
Note:
 The level of sensitivity determines whether a camera is quick to respond to slight motion and start recording. You
can reach this by setting a high value for detection sensitivity, and a low value on threshold, object size, and trigger
percentage.
 For IP cameras with the video format of MPEG4, if you want to schedule Motion Detection Recording, you can
only choose Motion detection by the camera to define the motion detection area.
 You can setup maximum 10 detection areas.
To edit the guard settings:
1 Select the camera you want to edit, and click Edit.
2 Select Guard.
3 To setup preset position:
a In Preset Position tab, click Add.
b Name the preset position.
c Adjust the camera's focus by using the PTZ panel.
d Click Save to save the preset position settings.
4 To setup patrol among several preset positions:
a In Patrol tab, click Add on the left section.
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b Name the patrol.
c In the Preset positions list, click Add to add preset positions into patrol. Adjust the preset positions'
sequence by clicking Up or Down.
d Select interval to indicate the time a camera should stay on each preset position.
e Click Preview to preview patrol.
f Click Save to save the settings or click Reset to clear the settings.
5 To setup guard by scheduling the patrols:
a In Guard tab, select the patrol from the drop-down menu.
b Select the trigger event among Continuous, Motion Detection, Alarm, or Motion Detection and Alarm.
c Set up the action plan by selecting the patrol items and Loops per cycle. If you choose Continuous mode
in the previous step, select the interval between each cycle.
d Click or drag a time range on the schedule grid. To select the entire day or hour in each day, click the day
grid or the hour grid.
e Repeat the steps to add other patrol settings onto the schedule.
f If you want to cancel selection, click Delete and click the grid you want to cancel selection.
g Click Save to save the changes. Or you can click Reset to clear all settings.
h Click Close.
Note: Preset position, patrol, and guard are only available to cameras that support the functions.
To remove cameras:
Choose the cameras you want to remove (press and hold Shift or Ctrl while making multiple selections), and click
Delete.
Note: Remove cameras will remove both the camera settings and recorded videos.
To disable cameras:
Choose the cameras you want to disable (press and hold Shift or Ctrl while making multiple selections), and click
Disable in the Enable drop-down menu. All the camera settings and videos will be preserved.
To enable cameras:
Choose the cameras you want to enable (press and hold Shift or Ctrl while making multiple selections), and click
Enable in the Enable drop-down menu.
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Watch Live View
The Live View page displays real-time videos of all configured cameras. With Surveillance Station, you can
perform various functions, from the basic PTZ (Pan/Tilt/Zoom) and snapshot features to the newly developed emap and manual recording functions.
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Configure Layout
The administrator can configure layout setting using Internet Explorer. To customize how the live view will be
displayed, click on Configure and follow the steps below:
1 Add a new layout or click on an existing layout to edit.
2 Enter a layout name.
3 Select the corresponding E-Map. If you select None, the E-Map button will be disabled.
Note: For more information about E-map, see "Use E-Map" on Page 127.
4 Select a type of layout. If you have selected sequential layout, you can adjust the speed of camera rotation at
the Interval drop-down menu.
5 Drag cameras from the camera list to the preferred layout position, or drag cameras back to the camera list to
remove them from the layout.
6 To see a snapshot of the current layout, click Preview. If you would like to set the current layout as the default
page when you enter live view, check Set as default. Finally, click Save.
7 To delete an unwanted layout, select from the layout list and click Delete.
8 Click Close when finished.
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Use PTZ Control
If your camera has PTZ (pan/tilt/zoom) support, you can select a camera and use the PTZ control panel to adjust
the camera's direction. Clicking the home button will restore the camera back to its original position. If you have
selected a camera with partial PTZ support, the unsupported functions on the control panel will be grayed out.
Note:
 Depending on the performance of your video card, the live view may not display if the video resolution exceeds the
supported range. Changing the Video Output Module from DirectX to OpenGL in the Options page can
sometimes solve the problem.
 To watch live view of Surveillance Station via internet, please make sure that you have set up proper port
forwarding for MPEG4 streaming ports on your NAS server. Refer to the Options page for the range of MPEG4
streaming ports.
 Audio output requires the following audio format: G.711, G.726, AAC, and PCM.
Use Other Functions
On the Live View page, you can also use the following functions:
 To digitally zoom in and out, drag the Zoom bar or place the mouse over the live view of a selected camera
and then scroll the mouse.
 To adjust volume, drag the Volume bar.
 To see the corresponding preset or patrol, click on the Preset Position or Patrol list.
 To save the current image, click on the Snapshot button.
 To start manual recording, click on the Manual recording button.
 To see the corresponding E-Map, click the E-Map button.
 To see the live view in full screen mode, click on the Full screen button.
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 Click on Show information, and the status for each camera will be displayed on the corner of each live view
window.
Note: Non-Internet Explorer browsers support limited functions only.
Record and Manage Event
1
Under the Event > Management tab, you can browse all recorded events, play them with the Event Player , and
delete or download the video files.
About Events
All recorded events will be here in Event. You can filter the events by defining one or more criteria under Filter
and click Go. If you have added clients in Centralized Management, or have mounted exported archives, the
Source drop-down menu will also appear.
The events are displayed with the latest ones on top. The images displayed under Mode correspond with the
type of recording the event was filmed under.
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
represents Continuous Recording

represents Manual Recording

represents Motion Detection Recording

represents Alarm Recording

represents Motion Detection and Alarm Recording
Chapter 14: Safeguard Your Environment with Surveillance Station
Note: Your IP camera must support alarm recording to be able to use Alarm Recording. Alarm recording often
relates to the IP camera’s digital input and output pin, or DIDO. Refer to its datasheet for pin configuration detail.
Alarm recording will begin when the IP camera detects an input pin is triggered.
Edit Events
Choose the event you want to play, and click Play. Or you can double-click the event to activate the Event
Player.
To play an event with the Event Player:
1 Click the Play button on the Event Player control panel to play the event.
2 To go to the previous or next event, click the Previous button or Next button on the control panel.
3 To take a snapshot, you can Pause the current event, click the Previous frame or Next frame button on the
2
control panel, then click the Snapshot button to save the image.
2
4 To adjust the volume, drag the slider bar on the control panel. The far left of the bar is the minimum volume,
while the far right is the maximum volume.
5 Click the Stop button to terminate the playing video.
To lock events:
3
Choose the events you want to lock , and click Yes in the Locked drop-down menu.
Locked events will not be deleted by the archive rotation mechanism or the Delete button.
To unlock the locked events:
3
Choose the events you want to unlock , and click No in the Locked drop-down menu.
To delete an event:
3
Choose the events you want to delete , and click Delete.
To delete all events:
Click the Delete all button.
To download an event:
1 Choose the event you want to download.
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2 Click Download and choose the saving destination.
The video clip will be saved in .avi or .mp4 format.
To stop recording immediately:
1 Choose the current recording event.
2 Click Stop Recording.
Note:
1 MPEG4 format can only be played by Internet Explorer.
2 Supported on Internet Explorer only.
3 Press and hold Shift or Ctrl while making multiple selections.
4 Your IP camera must support alarm recording to be able to use this function. Alarm recording often relates to the
IP camera’s digital input and output pin. When the IP camera is triggered by an input signal, it will send a signal to
DiskStation to begin alarm recording. Refer to the IP camera’s datasheet for pin configuration detail and how to
setup its input pin sensor.
Use Event Timeline
Go to Event > Timeline to use the event timeline. The Event Timeline allows you to watch all events recorded
1
on one day by one camera . All events are strung together in a line. You can easily find the event you are looking
by clicking a specific time on this day or during the hour, and play it with the Event Player on this page.
In the timeline, events recorded in Continuous Recording mode will be displayed in gray, Motion Detection
Recording mode will be displayed in green. Alarm Recording mode will be displayed in orange.
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To select an event source:
If you have added clients in Centralized Management, or have mounted exported archives, the Source dropdown menu will appear on the top of the page.
To find and play a specific event:
1 Choose a camera from the Camera drop-down menu.
2 Click the calendar icon to specify the date.
3 Move the cursor icon to the time point from where you want to start watching the events. You can click Day or
Hour to choose to display the timeline as 24 hours or as 1 hour.
4 Click the Play button on the Event Player control panel to play the event.
5 To go to the previous or next event, click the Previous button or Next button on the control panel.
6 To take a snapshot, you can Pause the current event, click the Previous frame or Next frame button on the
2
control panel, then click the Snapshot button to save the image.
2
7 To adjust the volume, drag the slider bar on the control panel. The far left of the bar is the minimum volume,
while the far right is the maximum volume.
8 Click the Stop button to stop.
Note:
1 MPEG4 format can only be played or viewed by Internet Explorer.
2 Supported on Internet Explorer only.
Sync Playback
Go to Event > Sync Playback to use sync playback. Sync Playback allows you to simultaneously watch events
1
recorded at the same time by up to 4 different cameras . You can easily find the event you are seeking by
selecting a specific time of a day, and the search results will be shown in the gray bar above the time scale.
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To select an event source:
If you have added clients in Centralized Management, or have mounted exported archives, the Source dropdown menu will appear. You can playback the events from these sources as well.
To play video with sync playback:
1 Choose up to 4 cameras from the camera drop-down menus.
2 Click on the calendar icon to specify the date.
3 Move the cursor icon to where you want to start watching the events. You can click Day or Hour to display
the timeline within 24 hours or within 1 hour.
2
4 Click the Play button on the control panel start playing the first available event.
5 After you click the view window of the camera (the window border will be highlighted in orange), you can:
a Take a snapshot by pausing the player, and then click the Snapshot button to save the image.
b Adjust the volume by dragging the slider bar on the control panel if the selected event has audio support.
1
c Zoom in or zoom out the image by dragging the zoom bar or by scrolling the mouse.
d After you zoomed in, you can move the image by dragging.
Note:
1 Supported on Internet Explorer only.
2 You will need to stop the player before you can change the camera or click the calendar icon to change the date.
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Export Events
Go to Event > Export to export the events. You can export events from Surveillance Station to any shared folder
or to an external storage device via USB or eSATA interface.
By specifying the camera and time frame, the events within the range will be exported as an archive.
To export an archive:
1 Click Add.
2 Name the archive and select a destination. Click Next.
3 Select the cameras which events are to be exported. Click Next.
4 Select the date and time range of the events to be exported. Click Finish to export.
To delete an archive:
Choose the archives you want to remove, and click Delete. This action will only remove the archive from the list.
The original event files and the exported archives will not be deleted.
Mount Events
Go to Event > Mount to mount exported events. You can mount exported archives onto Surveillance Station.
The events in the mounted archive can be played in Event Management, Timeline, and Sync Playback page.
To mount an archive:
1 Click Add.
2 Select a source from the Source drop-down menu.
The source can be any shared folder or an external storage device via USB or eSATA interface.
3 The system will list out all the exported archives stored in the source. Select the archives, click OK to mount.
Note: The same archive cannot be mounted twice.
To delete a mounted archive:
Choose the archives you want to remove, and click Delete.
This action will only remove the archive from the list. The original event files and the exported archives will not be
deleted.
To enable/disable mounted archives:
1 Select the archive you would like to enable/disable.
2 Click on the Enable button on the top of the page.
3 Select Enable or Disable.
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Note: The Source drop-down menu in Management, Timeline, and Sync Playback page will not display disabled
archives.
Use E-Map
You can add, edit, and delete E-Maps on the E-Map page.
To add an E-Map:
1 Click Add.
2 Name the E-Map.
3 Click Browse to locate the image file to be used as the E-Map.
4 Click Upload.
5 The image will be displayed in the Items Settings area when the transmission is complete.
To arrange camera positions or add other E-Maps links:
1 From the Camera or E-Map tab, drag the items you would like to place onto the uploaded image.
2 Click Save to save the changes.
3 To remove any item, drag the item out of the E-Map. The removed item will return to Camera or E-Map list.
4 To undo all setting modifications, click Reset.
5 Click Close to close the E-Map Configurations window.
To edit E-Map settings:
1 Select the E-Map you want to edit, and click Edit. Or you can double-click on the E-Map to open the E-Map
Configurations window.
2 Modify the name, re-upload the image, and arrange items to update the settings.
3 Click Save to save the changes.
4 Click Close to close the E-Map Configurations window.
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To remove E-Maps:
Select the E-Maps you want to remove, and click Delete.
Receive Email or SMS Notification
You can set up email or SMS notification in order for Surveillance Station to send you a system notification by
email or by SMS messages. You can decide which types of event to be notified in the Notifications > Settings
page.
Note: For more information about setting up Email or SMS notification, go to Notification > Email or SMS and see
their help pages.
Configure Centralized Management
Click Options to manage centralized management. Centralized management helps you to easily manage
cameras installed on multiple DiskStations in the case of a large deployment. After proper setting, you can
monitor the live view of all cameras installed on multiple DiskStations by logging in to the host server, and you
can also view the timeline of each camera.
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To configure the server to be a host server:
Tick Enable centralized management and select Be a host server.
To configure the server to be a client:
Tick Enable centralized management, select Be a client, and enter an Authentication key.
The host server will be required to enter the authentication key to login to the client and see its live view and
recorded event.
View Log
Go to the Log page to see critical events such as camera disconnection or changes on the camera settings. You
can view the logs and manually delete/save the log for further use.
To delete the log:
1 Click Log.
2 Click the Clear button.
3 Click Yes to finish.
To save the log:
1 Click Log.
2 Click the Save button.
3 In the prompt window, select whether to open the exported log or to save the file.
4 Click Save to finish.
Note: The maximum size for the logs is 64KB. When the size reaches its limit, the system will automatically delete
the oldest log in order to make more space for newer logs.
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Assign Privilege
Go to Privilege to assign the privileges for Synology DiskStation users. Admin has full authority on
Surveillance Station and can assign different privileges to local users on DiskStation. Manager can manage all
functions except license management. Spectator can only watch live view and event playback but cannot edit
camera settings.
To change users' privilege:
1 Select the accounts you want to manage.
2 Click Privilege and select Manager or Spectator according to your need.
To authorize cameras:
1 Select the accounts you want to manage.
2 Click Authorized Cameras.
3 Tick the checkbox to authorize camera.
4 Click OK.
Note: Admin should first assign the privileges to the users who can access Surveillance Station at the Application
Setting page on the management UI. Afterward Admin can change the login privilege of them.
About Camera License
Go to License to manage camera license. Each DiskStation comes with one camera license. For DiskStation
models that support multiple cameras, you can purchase Synology Camera License Packs to install additional
cameras.
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To install a camera license:
1 Click Add.
2 Select Agree if you have read and agreed with the Terms and Conditions.
3 Enter the license key of your purchased license.
4 Click OK.
To delete camera licenses:
1 Choose the license you want to delete, and click Delete.
2 Click OK in the prompt dialogue window.
Note:
 One camera license is provided and installed by default for you to use Surveillance Station. It is not possible to
delete the default license.
 Unlike the supported camera number, there is no limit on the number of installed camera licenses. For the
supported camera number, see "Appendix A: Synology DiskStation Specifications" on Page 147.
Use VisualStation
Go to Options and tick Enable VisualStation to manage VisualStation from Synology DiskStation. With
VisualStation, you can see the live view of the cameras on a TV set or LCD monitor directly without using a
computer. A VisualStation can only be managed by a DiskStation within LAN.
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Chapter
Chapter 15:
Manage Media Server and iTunes
Service
15
Synology DiskStation can become a multimedia server on the local area network, allowing computers and
DLNA/UPnP home devices to play its multimedia contents.
You can stream multimedia digital contents from Synology DiskStation to DLNA/UPnP home devices, such as
stereo system or TV set. You can also stream music and videos from Synology DiskStation to iTunes on a Mac
or Windows computer.
This chapter explains how to use Synology DiskStation to stream multimedia contents to your computer or other
DLNA/UPnP home devices.
Manage DLNA Media Server
Go to Applications > Media Server to enable DLNA/UPnP media server. After it is enabled, users can browse
the multimedia contents on Synology DiskStation with a DLNA/UPnP home device, also known as Digital Media
Adapter (DMA).
The following shared folders will be accessed by DMA Devices:
 photo
 video
 music
Note: You can play the following multimedia file formats on Synology DiskStation with DLNA/UPnP enabled DMA:
 Audio: AAC, FLAC, M4A, MP3, Ogg Vorbis, PCM, WAV, WMA, WMA VBR, WMA PRO, WMA Lossless
 Image: BMP, JPG (jpe, jpeg), GIF, ICO, PNG, PSD, TIF (tiff), UFO, RAW (arw, srf, sr2, dcr, k25, kdc, cr2, crw, nef,
mrw, ptx, pef, raf, 3fr, erf, mef, mos, orf, rw2, dng, x3f)
 Video: 3GP, 3G2, ASF, AVI, DAT, DivX, DVR-MS, ISO, M2T, M2TS, M4V, MKV, MP4, MPEG1, MPEG2, MPEG4,
MTS, MOV, QT, SWF, TP, TRP, TS, VOB, WMV, XviD, RV30, RV40, AC3, AMR, WMA3
 Playlist: M3U, WPL
 Subtitles: srt, psb, smi, ass, ssa, sub, idx, ifo (x07 Series: DSM v2.0.3 - 0451 and onward; x06 Series: DSM v2.0.3
- 0430 and onward)
Enable DLNA/UPnP Media Server
Tick Enable DLNA/UPnP media server and click OK.
Manage Media Server Settings
Determine the DMA menu Language and Style
You can decide how to organize your multimedia files on the DMA menu by selecting a predefined menu style or
customizing your own. The system can save up to three different sets of customized menu styles.
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To determine the DMA menu language:
Choose a language from the DMA menu language drop-down menu.
To customize the DMA menu style:
1 Choose one of the three customized styles, and then click Customize.
2 Click one of the following tabs: Music, Photo, or Video.
3 Do any of the following:
 If you want to create a new menu style, click Create. If you have selected Music, there will be a list of
templates.
 If you want to edit an existing style, click Edit.
Note: For users to correctly browse the multimedia files on the server, the codepage and menu language you set
should be identical with those of the DMA. For more information about setting the codepage, see "Specify Default
Languages" on Page 27.
Manage Browsing Settings
In the Browsing Settings section, you can manage the browsing settings for DMA.
To quickly browse images through DMA:
Tick View thumbnails when browsing images through DMA.
To change how your music files will be displayed on DMA:
Select a Music display format from the drop-down menu.
To insert an album cover for music files without an embedded image, or a thumbnail for video files:
Enter the name of the files you want to use as album cover or video thumbnail in the Filenames field, such as
Cover.jpg.
After you specify the filename, if you put any image with the same name under the folder that contains music and
videos, the image will be displayed as the album cover or the video thumbnail. The filenames are case sensitive,
and the filename listed in the front will be used when multiple images are available.
To hide video subtitle files while browsing media servers through DMA:
Tick Hide video subtitle files. Only a few DMAs need to browse the subtitle files before enabling the subtitle
function.
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Enhance DMA Compatibility
To make sure the multimedia contents from Synology DiskStation can be played smoothly on your DMA devices,
you can enhance DMA compatibility.
To enable transcoder Settings:
Tick the following checkboxes to enable transcoders if your DMA does not support the following audio formats:
FLAC, APE, AAC, OGG, and AIFF.
To customize your MIME types:
Tick Enable customized MIME types and enter the Customized MIME types.
Note: MIME types, also known as Internet media types, can improve the compatibility of multimedia files with DMA
by specifying the type and sub-type of media files. You can customize the MIME types to help your DMA device
identify the correct file formats.
Re-index Media Files
Click Re-index to reconstruct the index structure of the multimedia files if you find missing multimedia files while
browsing through Synology DiskStation with your DMA device. The process will be executed in the background.
Check Diagnostic Log
Click Diagnose and check Enable DMA communication log for diagnostic purpose to record DMA
communication log. The log can help you and Synology Support determine the cause of the problem for
troubleshooting.
Play Multimedia Contents with DMA Devices
Synology DiskStation can now pair up perfectly with Sony PS3, Xbox360, and many other digital media adapter
devices. You can browse and stream multimedia contents stored on your Synology DiskStation to your stereo
1
system and TV set using Sony PS3 or Microsoft Xbox 360.
Note: For information about browsing media server's contents with DMA devices, see the documentation that came
with your device.
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For recommended peripheral models, including hard drive, USB printer, DMA, and UPS, please visit www.synology.com.
Chapter 15: Manage Media Server and iTunes Service
Manage iTunes Service
Go to Applications > iTunes to use iTunes service. After it is enabled, all iTunes clients on the same local area
network can browse and play songs or videos on your Synology DiskStation.
The following shared folders will be accessed by iTunes clients:
 photo
 video
 music
Note: For privacy reasons, iTunes clients are not allowed to view videos in the photo shared folder.
The following formats will be supported by iTunes service:
 Audio: MP3, M4A, M4P
 Video: MOV, MP4, M4V
 Playlist: WPL, M3U
Enable iTunes Service
1 Tick Enable iTunes service and enter your Shared name.
2 Tick Require password and enter a password if you want iTunes users to enter a password before accessing
your shared folders.
3 Click OK.
Use Smart Playlist
Click Smart Playlist to open the Smart Playlist window, where you can create and edit smart playlists on your
Synology DiskStation.
A smart playlist can automatically include certain types of songs that match specific rules. iTunes clients will be
able to play the smart playlist you created.
To create a smart playlist:
1 Click Create, name the playlist, and click OK.
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2 Click Add Rule to set the rules.
3 Click OK.
Note: If you specify File Path in your rule, please choose contains or does not contain instead of is or is not.
To edit a Smart playlist:
1 Do one of the following to start editing:
 Double-click the item you want to edit.
 Select the item and click Edit.
2 Do any of the following to modify the rules:
 Modify the rules by choosing items from the drop-down menus.
 Click Add Rule if you want to add a rule.
 Select a rule and click Delete Rule if you want to delete the rule.
3 Click OK.
To delete a smart playlist:
1 Select the smart playlist you want to delete.
2 Click Delete and then click OK.
Re-index Video and Audio Files
Click Re-index to reconstruct the index structure of the video and audio files if you find missing files while
browsing through Synology DiskStation with iTunes. The process will be executed in the background.
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Chapter
Chapter 16:
Perform Advanced Management Tasks
16
Synology DiskStation Manager comes with a variety of management functions, allowing you to check system
information, monitor the system, the hard drives and the network flow, restore or upgrade firmware and packages,
and more.
This chapter explains how to comprehend those management functions to make sure your Synology DiskStation
is providing the best performance.
Check System Status
Go to Information > Status to obtain a status overview of your Synology DiskStation (including Basic
Information, Network, Time, and Hard drives) and all other connected eSATA or USB devices (if any).
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The system status includes the following:
 Basic Information: You can see the detailed information about your Synology DiskStation here, including
server name, serial number, model name, memory size, firmware version, system time, operating time, and
volume usage.
 Network: You can see the MAC address, IP address, and the other network information of your
Synology DiskStation here.
 Time: You can see the time setting of your Synology DiskStation here, including time server and time zone. To
set up your time server, see "Set Up Time" on Page 28.
 Hard disk(s): You can see the model name, temperature, disk size, and disk status of your
Synology DiskStation here.
The hard drive status might be any of the following:
 No Disk Installed: No disk is installed in the corresponding hard drive slot.
 Not Initialized: System partition and volume are not established on the hard drive.
 Normal: System partition and volume are available for use on the hard drive.
 Initialized: System partition is established, but no volume has been created.
 System Partition Failed: System partition on the hard drive is unavailable. We recommend that you replace
the hard drive.
 Crashed: Failed to access volume on the hard drive. We recommend that you replace the hard drive.
Note: For the system to function normally, there should be at least one disk in Normal or Initialized status.
Check Logs
Go to Information > Log to check the system log. Here, you can view the System log, the Connection log, the
1
Current Connection log, FTP file transfer log, File Station transfer log, the Backup log, the USB Copy log ,
and the Network Backup log.
Furthermore, you can delete or save the log records. When the log size reaches its limit, the oldest record will be
removed for space-saving consideration.
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information.
Chapter 16: Perform Advanced Management Tasks
Note: For more information about the logs, please check the help section of the Log page.
Monitor System Resources
Go to Information > Resource Monitor to monitor the CPU usage, memory usage, network flow and volume
usage. The system will start to collect data when you launch Resource Monitor, and the data will be deleted when
you exit the page. Resource data collected in the past will not be preserved.
The system resources include the following:
 CPU Usage: You can see the overall CPU usage as well as the CPU usage of each process in the order of
decreasing CPU load. CPU load could be high when Resource Monitor is first launched, because the system
needs to collect its resource data and load the UI page at the same time. Please note that keeping Resource
Monitor launched will consume system resource.
 Memory Usage: Memory usage remains high because the system stores frequently accessed data in cache,
so the data can be quickly obtained without accessing the hard drive. Cache memory will be released when
overall memory is insufficient.
 Network Flow: The network flow chart displays the data sent and received rate in KB per second. If PPPoE is
enabled, its transfer rate will also show up on the chart.
 Volume Usage: You can monitor the space available in each volume. If the system is creating or deleting a
volume, or a volume is crashed, it will not be displayed.
Change Administrator's Password
If you forgot your password for the admin account, you can reset it to the default value (blank) and set another
password.
To change the administrator's password:
Press and hold the RESET button on the back panel of your Synology DiskStation for 4 seconds until you heard
a beep sound.
Note: Other than resetting administrator's password, using the RESET button will also restore Synology DiskStation's
IP and DNS to the default value.
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Receive Event Notification
Go to System > Notification and set up Synology DiskStation to notify you via Email or text messages whenever
an important event occurs (for example, status change, system error, lost connection, fan behavior change, or
storage volume running out of space).
Receive Email Notification
Click the Email tab in the main section to set up email notification.
To set up Email notification:
1 Enter the SMTP server name or IP address. (If your SMTP server requires authentication, tick Authentication
required, and enter your username and password for the email server.)
2 Enter the email address that will receive the notification mails in the Primary email or the Secondary email
field.
3 Click Send a test email to see if your email settings are set up properly.
Receive SMS Notification
Click the SMS tab in the main section to set up SMS notification.
Notification events include:
 Volume has crashed.
 Volume has degraded.
 DX5/RX4/DX510 no longer exists.
 Internal disk has crashed.
 DDNS registration failed.
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 UPS has been disconnected.
 Internal or DX5/RX4/DX510 fan has stopped functioning.
 The system has shut down due to overheating.
To set up SMS notification:
1 Tick Enable SMS notifications.
2 Edit your SMS service provider by doing one of the following:
 Select a SMS service provider from the drop-down menu.
 Click Add to open the setup wizard. Follow the wizard to create a new SMS provider configuration.
a Enter the name of your SMS service provider name and the SMS URL with the message content set to
Hello world. You can obtain the SMS URL from your SMS service provider. An example URL is:
https://api.clickatell.com/http/sendmsg?user=TestUser&password=TestPassword&api_id=3148203&to=8
86123456789&text=Hello+world
b In URL parameter definition page, the system will break down the SMS URL into several parameters.
Define each parameter by selecting the corresponding category. Each parameter category can be used
only once except Other.
c Click Finish to finish setup.
 Click Delete if you want to delete the selected SMS provider configuration.
3 Enter the username and password for your SMS service account.
4 Enter the primary and secondary phone number that will receive the SMS notification messages.
5 If you do not wish to receive too many messages, tick Enable SMS interval limit and limit the number of
notification message to one message per the time interval you specified. The SMS interval limit must be
between 1 and 10000 minutes.
6 Click Send a test SMS message to send a test SMS message to the phone number you specified to see if
your SMS settings are set up properly.
Note: Fees might apply to send SMS messages. Contact your local SMS service provider for more information.
Restore Synology DiskStation to Factory Defaults
Go to System > Restore Defaults if you want to restore your Synology DiskStation to factory defaults.
There are three restore options:
 Format the hard drive but keep the current settings: All user data in the hard drive will be deleted; whereas
the system configurations will remain.
 Format the hard drive and restore to factory default settings: All user data in the hard drive will be deleted
and the entire system will be restored to default.
 Reset the password of MySQL database: The password of the MySQL database will be reset.
If you wish to delete your MySQL databases, check the Delete MySQL databases checkbox and click OK.
141
Chapter 16: Perform Advanced Management Tasks
Reinstall Synology DiskStation
If you want to reinstall your Synology DiskStation without losing its data, you can use the RESET button on the
back panel.
To reinstall Synology DiskStation:
1 Press and hold the RESET button for about 4 seconds until the Synology DiskStation emits a beep sound.
2 Within the next 10 seconds, press and hold RESET button for about 4 seconds until the Synology DiskStation
emits a beep sound.
3 Run Synology Assistant and follow the installation instructions in the Quick Installation Guide that came with
your installation CD to set up the Synology DiskStation.
Important: The data saved on the Synology DiskStation will not be erased during the reinstallation. However, for
security reason, we strongly recommend that you back up the data first.
Upgrade Firmware for Synology DiskStation
Go to System > Firmware Update to keep your Synology DiskStation up to date.
Before you start, do the following:
Go to http://www.synology.com/support/download.php to download the latest firmware, unzip the .pat file,
and save it on your computer.
To upgrade the system firmware:
1 Click Browse to locate the .pat file on your computer.
2 Click OK to begin uploading and updating the firmware. The process might take a while to finish. When the
update completes, Synology DiskStation will reboot automatically.
If you are having trouble upgrading the firmware:
 Check if the upgrading process was interrupted by users, or other unexpected events, such as a power failure.
 Check the firmware version. You can only upgrade the system with a newer firmware version.
 Download the firmware update again because the upgrade file might be corrupted.
If the problem remains, please contact Synology.
Important: The data saved on the Synology DiskStation will not be erased during the updating process. However, for
security reason, we strongly recommend that you back up the data first.
142
Chapter 16: Perform Advanced Management Tasks
Manage Packages
Synology has integrated several useful third party applications into packages that can be installed and managed
easily on your Synology DiskStation Manager.
Go to System > Package Management to manage the packages.
For the newest packages, go to http://www.synology.com/support/download.php and download the packages
you want. The unzipped package file ends with the .spk extension.
To install a new package:
Click Install and follow the setup wizard to install a new package.
To upgrade a package:
Click Upgrade and follow the setup wizard to upgrade the current package to a newer version.
To uninstall an existing package:
Click Uninstall.
To get detailed information about the installed packages:
Click Get Info. The detailed information includes package description, version, maintainer and running status.
To run/stop package service:
Click Run or Stop if the function is available for the application.
Enable SNMP Service
SNMP service allows users to monitor Synology DiskStation network flow with the network management software.
Currently, SNMPv1 and SNMPv2c protocols are supported.
To enable SNMP service:
1 Go to Network Services > SNMP.
2 Tick Enable SNMP service and enter a Community name.
3 Enter the optional information to help you identify your Synology DiskStation: Name, Location, and Email.
143
Chapter 16: Perform Advanced Management Tasks
Access Synology DiskStation via Telnet or SSH
You can use Telnet or SSH to log in to Synology DiskStation and modify its settings.
To enable connection to Synology DiskStation via Telnet or SSH:
1 Go to Network Services > Terminal.
2 Do any of the following:
 If you want to enable the Telnet service, tick Enable Telnet service.
 If you want to enable the SSH service, tick Enable SSH service.
Note: When you disable the SSH service, all SSH tasks will be terminated immediately. If you disable the SSH
service while performing a backup task, perform the task again after the SSH service is disabled.
3 Click OK.
Important: Use the Terminal service with caution. Improper manipulation or modification to Synology DiskStation
may result in system malfunction or data loss.
Enable Write Cache Support for Hard drives
Go to Storage > HDD Management and tick Enable write cache to improve the I/O performance of your hard
drives. However, ticking this option might cause data loss when Synology DiskStation is not shut down properly.
On the other hand, if you disable write cache, you might get a lower I/O performance, but your data will remain
1
unaffected even after abrupt power outage.
Important: Before ticking this option, it is recommended that you use an UPS device or make sure your Synology
DiskStation is always shut down properly.2
--------1
2
144
Not all hard drives support write cache.
For recommended peripheral models, including hard drive, USB printer, DMA, and UPS, please visit www.synology.com.
Chapter 16: Perform Advanced Management Tasks
Check Hard drive Status
Go to Storage > S.M.A.R.T. to check the hard drive status and report possible errors. It is recommended that you
replace the hard drive if any errors are detected.
To check disk info:
1 Select a disk you want to check.
2 Click Disk Info to see the original disk information.
To check S.M.A.R.T. info:
1 Select a disk you want to check.
2 Click S.M.A.R.T. Info to see the current S.M.A.R.T. information. The listed numbers can help you diagnose the
status of your disk.
To run a S.M.A.R.T. test:
1 Select a disk you want to check.
2 Click S.M.A.R.T. Test, choose a test method (Quick Test or Extended Test), and click Start. You can see the
testing progress under the Status column.
3 The test results are shown in the Test Result section.
Note: Testing time might vary under different system environment.
145
Chapter 16: Perform Advanced Management Tasks
Chapter
Chapter 17:
Communicate with Mobile Devices
17
As Internet access grows popular on mobile devices, Synology provides you with several creative alternatives to
communicate with your Synology DiskStation using iPhone or other mobile devices.
Use iPhone Apps
The 3 iPhone Apps designed by Synology are now available on Apple's App Store, allowing you to communicate
with Synology DiskStation wherever Wi-Fi access is available. You can manage files, music, photo and video
albums, and even the surveillance videos on the go.
DS audio
DS audio can stream music from Synology DiskStation to your iPhone or iPod touch.
DS cam
DS cam allows you to live view the IP cameras (in MJPEG format), take snapshots, and view recorded events on
your Surveillance Station.
DS photo
DS photo allows you to upload photos from iPhone or iPod touch to Synology DiskStation, and instantly share it
with anyone online.
Note: For more information about using those Apps, open any of them and tap Settings > Document > Help.
Use Other Mobile Devices
If you have a mobile device running on Windows Mobile® 6.0 (with Internet Explorer® Mobile or Opera® 9.0 or
onward), Symbian OS 9.1 (with S60 3rd Edition or onward), or iPhone OS 2.3.1 or onward, you can use the
device to log in to Synology DiskStation to view photos with Mobile Photo Station and read supported file formats
with Mobile File Station around the world where Internet access is available.
146
Appendix
Appendix A:
A
Synology DiskStation Specifications
For the most recent product specification, please visit www.synology.com.
1-Bay Models
Item
DS109
DS110j
DS110+
Internal HDD
3.5 SATA (II) x 1
3.5 SATA (II) x 1
3.5 SATA (II) x 1
Max. Capacity
2TB
2TB
2TB
Hot Swappable HDD
No
No
No
External HDD Interface
USB x 3
eSATA x 1
USB x 3
USB x 3
eSATA x 1
LAN Port
Gigabit x 1
Gigabit x 1
Gigabit x 1
USBCopy
Yes
Yes
Yes
System Fan (mm)
x 1 (50 x 50)
x 1 (50 x 50)
x 1 (50 x 50)
Size (HxWxD) (mm)
160 x 63 x 218
160 x 63 x 218
160 x 63 x 218
Weight (Kg)
0.81
0.81
0.81
‧Windows 2000 onward
‧Mac OS X 10.3 onward
Supported Clients
‧Ubuntu 9.04 onward
Max. User Accounts
1024
512
2048
Max. Group Accounts
128
128
256
Max. Shared Folder
256
256
256
Max. Concurrent Connections
64
64
256
Max. Supported IP Cameras
8
5
12
‧EXT3
‧FAT (External Disk, Read/Write)
File System
‧NTFS (External Disk, Read/Write)
147
Volume Type
‧Basic
Agency Certifications
‧FCC Class B ‧CE Class B ‧BSMI Class B
HDD Hibernation
Yes
Yes
Yes
Event Notification
Yes
Yes
Yes
NTP
Yes
Yes
Yes
FTP over SSL/TLS
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTTPS Connection
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows ADS Domain
Yes
Yes
Yes
iSCSI
Yes
Yes
Yes
Scheduled Power On/Off
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wake on LAN
No
No
Yes
Item
DS109
DS110j
DS110+
‧English ‧Deutsch ‧Français ‧Italiano ‧Español ‧Dansk ‧Norsk ‧Svensk
‧Nederlands ‧Русский ‧Polski ‧Magyar ‧Português do Brasil ‧Português Europeu
Language Localization
‧Türkçe ‧Český ‧日本語‧한국어‧繁體中文‧简体中文
‧Line voltage: 100V to 240V AC
‧Frequency: 50/60Hz
‧Operating Temperature: 40 to 95˚F (5 to 35˚C)
Power Consumption And
Environment Requirements
‧Storage Temperature: 15 to 155˚F (-10 to 70˚C)
‧Relative Humidity: 5% to 95% RH
‧Maximum Operating Altitude: 10000 feet (3048m)
2-Bay Models
Item
DS209
DS210j
DS210+
DS710+
Internal HDD
3.5 SATA (II) x 2
3.5 SATA (II) x 2
3.5 SATA (II) x 2
SATA(II) x 2
4TB
4TB
4TB
4TB
(2 x 2TB hard drives)
(2 x 2TB hard drives)
(2 x 2TB hard drives)
(2 x 2TB hard drives)
Hot Swappable
HDD
No
No
No
Yes
External HDD
Interface
USB x 3
USB x 3
LAN Port
Gigabit x 1
USBCopy
Max. Capacity
USB x 3
USB x 3
eSATA x 1
eSATA x 1
Gigabit x 1
Gigabit x 1
Gigabit x 1
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
System Fan (mm)
x 1 (70 x 70)
x 1 (70 x 70)
x 1 (70 x 70)
x 1 (80 x 80)
Size (HxWxD) (mm)
161 x 88 x 218
161 x 88 x 218
161 x 88 x 218
157 x 103.5 x 232
Weight (Kg)
0.98
0.98
0.98
1.69
‧Windows 2000 onward
‧Mac OS X 10.3 onward
Supported Clients
‧Ubuntu 9.04 onward
148
Max. User Accounts
1024
512
2048
2048
Max. Group
Accounts
128
128
256
256
Max. Shared Folder
256
256
256
256
Max. Concurrent
Connections
128
64
256
512
Max. Supported IP
Cameras
8
5
12
16
File System
‧EXT3 ‧FAT (External Disk, Read/Write) ‧NTFS (External Disk, Read/Write)
Volume Type
‧Basic ‧JBOD‧RAID 0‧RAID 1
Agency
Certifications
‧FCC Class B ‧CE Class B ‧BSMI Class B
HDD Hibernation
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Event Notification
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
NTP
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
FTP over SSL/TLS
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Appendix A: Synology DiskStation Specifications
Item
DS209
DS210j
DS210+
DS710+
HTTPS Connection
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows ADS
Domain
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
iSCSI
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Scheduled Power
On/Off
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wake on LAN
No
No
Yes
Yes
Language
Localization
‧English ‧Deutsch ‧Français ‧Italiano ‧Español ‧Dansk ‧Norsk ‧Svensk
‧Nederlands ‧Русский ‧Polski ‧Magyar ‧Português do Brasil ‧Português Europeu ‧Türkçe
‧Český ‧日本語‧한국어‧繁體中文‧简体中文
‧Line voltage: 100V to 240V AC
‧Frequency: 50/60Hz
Power Consumption
And Environment
Requirements
‧Operating Temperature: 40 to 95˚F (5 to 35˚C)
‧Storage Temperature: 15 to 155˚F (-10 to 70˚C)
‧Relative Humidity: 5% to 95% RH
‧Maximum Operating Altitude: 10000 feet (3048m)
4-Bay Models
Item
DS409slim
DS410j
DS410
DS411+
RS409
RS810+
RS810RP+
Internal HDD
2.5 SATA
(II) x 4
3.5 SATA
(II) x 4
3.5 SATA
(II) x 4
3.5 SATA
(II) x 4
3.5 SATA
(II) x 4
SATA (II)
SATA (II)
x4
x4
Max. Capacity
Hot Swappable
HDD
3TB
8TB
8TB
8TB
8TB
8TB
8TB
(4 x 750GB
hard drives)
(4 x 2TB
hard drives)
(4 x 2TB
hard drives)
(4 x 2TB
hard drives)
(4 x 2TB
hard drives)
(4 x 2TB
hard drives)
(4 x 2TB
hard drives)
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
USB x 2
USB x 2
USB x 2
USB x 2
USB x 2
eSATA x 1
eSATA x 1
eSATA x 1
eSATA x 1
eSATA x 1
USB x 2
External HDD
Interface
eSATA x 1
LAN Port
Gigabit x 1
Gigabit x 1
Gigabit x 1
Gigabit x 1
Gigabit x 2
Gigabit x 2
Gigabit x 2
USBCopy
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
System Fan (mm)
x 1 (60 x 60)
x 2 (80 x 80)
x 2 (80 x 80)
x 2 (80 x 80)
x 3 (40 x 40)
x 3 (40 x 40)
x 4 (40 x 40)
Power Fan (mm)
No
No
No
No
x 1 (40 x 40)
x 1 (40 x 40)
x 1 (40 x 40)
Size (HxWxD)
(mm)
120 x 105 x
142
168 x 184 x
230
168 x 184 x
230
168 x 184 x
230
44 x 430.5
x 457.5
44 x 430.5
x 457.5
44 x 430.5
x 457.5
Weight (Kg)
0.66
2.23
2.23
2.23
7.1
7.1
9.68
USB x 2
‧Windows 2000 onward
‧Mac OS X 10.3 onward
Supported Clients
‧Ubuntu 9.04 onward
149
Max. User
Accounts
1024
1024
2048
2048
2048
2048
2048
Max. Group
Accounts
128
256
256
256
256
256
256
Max. Shared
Folder
256
256
256
256
256
256
256
Appendix A: Synology DiskStation Specifications
Item
DS409slim
DS410j
DS410
DS411+
RS409
RS810+
RS810RP+
Max. Concurrent
Connections
64
128
256
512
128
512
512
Max. Supported IP
Cameras
8
5
12
20
8
20
20
‧EXT3
‧FAT (External Disk, Read/Write)
File System
‧NTFS (External Disk, Read/Write)
‧Basic‧JBOD‧RAID 0‧RAID 1‧RAID 5‧RAID 5+Spare‧RAID 6‧RAID 10
Volume Type
‧FCC Class B ‧CE Class B
Agency
Certifications
‧FCC Class A ‧CE Class A
‧BSMI Class B
HDD Hibernation
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Event Notification
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
NTP
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
FTP over
SSL/TLS
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTTPS
Connection
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows ADS
Domain
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
iSCSI
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Scheduled Power
On/Off
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wake on LAN
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
‧English ‧Deutsch ‧Français ‧Italiano ‧Español ‧Dansk ‧Norsk ‧Svensk
Language
Localization
‧Nederlands ‧Русский ‧Polski ‧Magyar ‧Português do Brasil ‧Português
Europeu ‧Türkçe ‧Český ‧日本語‧한국어‧繁體中文‧简体中文
‧Line voltage: 100V to 240V AC
Power
Consumption And
Environment
Requirements
‧Frequency: 50/60Hz
‧Operating Temperature: 40 to 95˚F (5 to 35˚C)
‧Storage Temperature: 15 to 155˚F (-10 to 70˚C)
‧Relative Humidity: 5% to 95% RH
‧Maximum Operating Altitude: 10000 feet (3048m)
5-Bay Models
Item
DS1010+
Internal HDD
SATA (II) x 5
Max. Capacity
Hot Swappable HDD
External HDD Interface
150
10TB
(5 x 2TB hard drives)
Yes
USB x 4
eSATA x 1
LAN Port
Gigabit x 2
USBCopy
No
System Fan (mm)
x 2 (80 x 80)
Appendix A: Synology DiskStation Specifications
Item
DS1010+
Power Fan (mm)
x 1 (40 x 40)
Size (HxWxD) (mm)
157 x 248 x 233
Weight (Kg)
4.25
Supported Clients
‧Mac OS X 10.3 Onward
‧Windows 2000 Onward
‧Ubuntu 9.04 onward
Max. User Accounts
2048
Max. Group Accounts
256
Max. Shared Folder
256
Max. Concurrent
Connections
512
Max. Supported IP
Cameras
20
‧EXT3
File System
‧FAT (External Disk, Read/Write)
‧NTFS (External Disk, Read/Write)
Volume Type
‧Basic ‧JBOD ‧RAID 0 ‧RAID 1
‧RAID 5 ‧RAID 5+Spare ‧RAID 6‧RAID 10
Agency Certifications
‧FCC Class B ‧CE Class B‧BSMI Class B
HDD Hibernation
Yes
Event Notification
Yes
NTP
Yes
FTP over SSL/TLS
Yes
HTTPS Connection
Yes
Windows ADS Domain
Yes
iSCSI
Yes
Scheduled Power On/Off
Yes
Wake on LAN
Yes
Language Localization
‧English ‧Deutsch ‧Français ‧Italiano ‧Español ‧Dansk
‧Norsk ‧Svensk ‧Nederlands ‧Русский ‧Polski ‧Magyar
‧Português do Brasil ‧Português Europeu ‧Türkçe ‧Český
‧日本語‧한국어‧繁體中文‧简体中文
‧Line voltage: 100V to 240V AC
‧Frequency: 50/60Hz
Power Consumption and
Environment
Requirements
‧Operating Temperature: 40 to 95˚F (5 to 35˚C)
‧Storage Temperature: 15 to 155˚F (-10 to 70˚C)
‧Relative Humidity: 5% to 95% RH
‧Maximum Operating Altitude: 10000 feet (3048m)
151
Appendix A: Synology DiskStation Specifications
Limitations
 Each Synology DiskStation supports up to 2 USB printers.
 USBCopy function only supports USB disks with FAT32 file system.
 Some digital cameras are defined as a Still Image Device, such as Canon. For such devices,
Synology DiskStation only supports USBCopy function (No USB share function).
 For Mac users, Synology DiskStation only supports USB printers with PostScript.
152
Appendix A: Synology DiskStation Specifications
Appendix
Appendix B:
B
LED Indication Tables
1-Bay Models
LED Indication
Color
Green
STATUS
Orange
LAN
DISK / eSATA
USBCopy
Power
Green
Green
Green
Blue
Status
Description
Static
Volume normal
Off
Hibernation
Static
Available volume space < 1GB
Blinking
No volume
Static
Network is normal
Blinking
Network is active
Off
Network is down
Static
Disk is normal
Blinking
Disk is being accessed
Off
No internal disk
Static
USB disk detected
Blinking
Copying data
Off
No USB disk attached
Static
System ready
Blinking
Off
153
Volume degraded or crashed
Booting up
Shutting down
Power off
2-Bay Models
Most Models
LED Indication
Color
Green
STATUS
Orange
LAN
DISK / eSATA
Green
Green
Orange
USBCopy
Power
Green
Blue
Status
Description
Static
Volume normal
Off
Hibernation
Static
Available volume space < 1GB
Blinking
Appendix B: LED Indication Tables
No volume
Static
Network is up
Blinking
Network is active
Off
Network is down
Static
Disk is ready and idle
Blinking
Disk is being accessed
Off
No internal disk
Static
Cannot read / write
Static
USB disk detected
Blinking
Copying data
Off
No USB disk attached
Static
System ready
Blinking
Off
154
Volume degraded or crashed
Booting up or
Shutting down
Power off
DS710+
LED Indication
Color
Green
STATUS
Status
Description
Static
Volume Normal
Off
Hibernation
Static
Available volume space < 1GB
Orange
Blinking
Green
LAN
Orange
HDD1 & HDD2
Green
Orange
Power
USBCopy
155
Blue
Green
Appendix B: LED Indication Tables
Volume degraded or crashed
No volume
Static
Gigabit link
Blinking
Network is active
Off
Network is down
Static
10/100MB link
Blinking
Network is active
Off
Network is down
Static
Disk ready
Blinking
Disk is being accessed
Off
No internal disk
Static
Cannot Read/Write
Static
System ready
Blinking
Booting up
Shutting down
Off
Power off
Static
USB disk detected
Blinking
Copying data
Off
No USB disk attached
4-Bay Models
DiskStations
LED Indication
Color
Green
STATUS
Orange
LAN
DISK 1~4
Green
Green
Orange
Power
Blue
Status
Description
Static
Volume Normal
Off
Hibernation
Static
Available volume space < 1GB
Blinking
Appendix B: LED Indication Tables
No volume
Static
Network is up
Blinking
Network is active
Off
Network is down
Static
Disk ready
Blinking
Disk is being accessed
Off
No internal disk
Static
Cannot Read/ Write
Static
System ready
Blinking
Off
156
Volume degraded or crashed
Booting up
Shutting down
Power off
RackStations
LED Indication
Color
Green
STATUS
Orange
LAN
DISK 1~4
Green
Green
Orange
Power
RPS-STATUS1
Green
Green
--------1
157
RS810RP+ only
Appendix B: LED Indication Tables
Status
Description
Static
Volume Normal
Off
Hibernation
Static
Available volume space < 1GB
Blinking
Volume degraded or crashed
No volume
Static
Network is up
Blinking
Network is active
Off
Network is down
Static
Disk ready
Blinking
Disk is being accessed
Off
No internal disk
Static
Cannot Read/ Write
Static
System ready
Blinking
Booting up
Shutting down
Off
Power off
Static
Both power supplies are working
Blinking
1 power supply not working
Off
Power off
5-Bay Models
DS1010+
LED Indication
Color
Green
STATUS
Status
Description
Static
Volume Normal
Off
Hibernation
Static
Available volume space < 1GB
Orange
Blinking
Green
LAN 1 & LAN 2
Orange
Hard drive Status
Indicator
Green
(on tray)
Orange
ALERT
Power
Orange
Blue
Appendix B: LED Indication Tables
No volume
Static
Gigabit link
Blinking
Network is active
Off
Network is down
Static
10/100MB link
Blinking
Network is active
Off
Network is down
Static
Disk ready and idle
Blinking
Disk is being accessed
Off
No internal disk
Static
Cannot Read/ Write
Blinking
Hardware error
Off
System ready
Static
System ready
Blinking
Off
158
Volume degraded or crashed
Booting up
Shutting down
Power off
Troubleshooting
For any questions about managing your Synology DiskStation, see the Help button at every page of the Web
Management UI. For any questions other than that, please visit Synology Inc. website www.synology.com for
further assistance.
SYNOLOGY, INC.
END USER LICENSE AGREEMENT
IMPORTANT–READ CAREFULLY: THIS END USER LICENSE AGREEMENT ("EULA") IS A LEGAL AGREEMENT
BETWEEN YOU (EITHER AN INDIVIDUAL OR A SINGLE ENTITY) AND SYNOLOGY, INC. AND ITS AFFILIATES,
INCLUDING SYNOLOGY AMERICAN CORP, (COLLECTIVELY, "SYNOLOGY") FOR ANY SYNOLOGY SOFTWARE,
TOGETHER WITH ANY OTHER ASSOCIATED FIRMWARE, MEDIA, PRINTED MATERIALS AND "ONLINE" OR
ELECTRONIC DOCUMENTATION (COLLECTIVELY, THE "SOFTWARE") AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD AT
WWW.SYNOLOGY.COM OR PROVIDED WITH OR INSTALLED ON A SYNOLOGY PRODUCT (THE "PRODUCT").
YOU AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS OF THIS EULA BY OPENING THE PACKAGE CONTAINING THE
SOFTWARE, INSTALLING THE SOFTWARE NOT OTHERWISE PRE-INSTALLED BY SYNOLOGY ON A PRODUCT OR
OTHERWISE USING A PRODUCT THAT INCLUDES PRE-INSTALLED SOFTWARE. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO THE
TERMS OF THIS EULA, DO NOT OPEN THE BOX CONTAINING THE PRODUCT, INSTALL THE SOFTWARE OR USE THE
PRODUCT CONTAINING THE SOFTWARE. INSTEAD, YOU MAY RETURN THE PRODUCT TO THE RESELLER WHERE
YOU PURCHASED IT FOR A REFUND IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE RESELLER'S APPLICABLE RETURN POLICY.
Section 1. Limited Software License. Subject to the
terms and conditions of this EULA, Synology grants you a
limited, non-exclusive, non-transferable, personal license to
install, run and use one copy of the Software on the Product
solely in connection with your authorized use of the Product.
Section 2. Documentation. You may make and use a
reasonable number of copies of any documentation provided
with the Software; provided, that such copies will only be
used for internal business purposes and are not to be
republished or redistributed (either in hard copy or electronic
form) to any third party.
Section 3. Backup. You may make a reasonable number
of copies of the Software for backup and archival purposes.
Section 4. Updates. Any software provided to you by
Synology or made available on the Synology web site at
www.synology.com ("Web Site") that updates or
supplements the original Software is governed by this EULA
unless separate license terms are provided with such
updates or supplements, in which case, such separate terms
will govern.
Section 5. License Limitations. The license set forth in
Section 1 applies only to the extent you have ordered and
paid for the Product and it states the entirety of your rights
with respect to the Software. Synology reserves all rights
not expressly granted to you in this EULA. Without limiting
the foregoing, you will not, and you will not authorize or
permit any third party to: (a) use the Software for any
purpose other than in connection with the Product;
(b) license, distribute, lease, rent, lend, transfer, assign or
otherwise dispose of the Software or use the Software in any
commercial hosted or service bureau environment;
(c) reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble or attempt to
discover the source code for or any trade secrets related to
the Software, except and only to the extent that such activity
is expressly permitted by applicable law notwithstanding this
limitation; (d) adapt, modify, alter, translate or create any
derivative works of the Software; (e) remove, alter or
obscure any copyright notice or other proprietary rights
notice on the Product; or (f) circumvent or attempt to
circumvent any methods employed by Synology to control
access to the components, features or functions of the
Product or Software.
Section 6. Open Source. The Software may contain
components licensed to Synology under the GNU General
Public License ("GPL Components"), currently available at
http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html. The terms of the GPL
will control solely with respect to the GPL Components to the
extent that this EULA conflicts with the requirements of the
GPL with respect to your use of the GPL Components, and,
in such event, you agree to be bound by the GPL with
respect to your use of such components.
Section 7. Audit. Synology will have the right to audit your
compliance with the terms of this EULA. You agree to grant
access to Synology to facilities, equipment, books, records
and documents and to otherwise reasonably cooperate with
Synology in order to facilitate any such audit.
Section 8. Ownership. The Software is valuable property
of Synology and its licensors and is protected by copyright
and other intellectual property laws and treaties. Synology
or its licensors own all right, title and interest in and to the
Software and all copyright and other intellectual property
rights in the Software.
Section 9. Limited Warranty. Synology warrants that for a
period of ninety (90) days after either your (a) installation of
the Software on Products that do not include pre-installed
Software or (b) use of a Product that includes pre-installed
Software, as applicable, (the "Warranty Period"), the
Software will substantially conform to Synology's published
specifications for the Software, if any, or otherwise set forth
on the Web Site. Synology will use commercially reasonable
efforts to, in Synology's sole discretion, either correct any
such nonconformity in the Software or replace any Software
that fails to comply with the foregoing warranty, provided that
you give Synology written notice of such noncompliance
within the Warranty Period. The foregoing warranty does not
apply to any noncompliance resulting from any: (w) use,
reproduction, distribution or disclosure not in accordance
with this EULA; (x) any customization, modification or other
alteration of the Software by anyone other than Synology;
(y) combination of the Software with any product, services or
other items provided by anyone other than Synology; or
(z) your failure to comply with this EULA.
Section 10.
Support.
During the Warranty Period,
Synology will make available to you the support services.
Following the expiration of the applicable Warranty Period,
support for Software may be available from Synology upon
written request.
Section 11. Disclaimer of Warranties. EXCEPT AS
EXPRESSLY SET FORTH ABOVE, SYNOLOGY AND ITS
SUPPLIERS PROVIDE THE SOFTWARE "AS IS" AND
WITH ALL FAULTS. SYNOLOGY AND ITS SUPPLIERS
HEREBY DISCLAIM ALL OTHER WARRANTIES,
EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, ARISING BY LAW
OR OTHERWISE, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY
IMPLIED
WARRANTIES
OF
MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE, TITLE
AND NONINFRINGEMENT, WITH REGARD TO THE
SOFTWARE. WITHOUT LIMITING THE FOREGOING,
SYNOLOGY DOES NOT WARRANT THAT THE
SOFTWARE WILL BE FREE OF BUGS, ERRORS,
VIRUSES OR OTHER DEFECTS.
Section 12. Disclaimer of Certain Damages. IN NO
EVENT WILL SYNOLOGY OR ITS LICENSORS BE LIABLE
FOR THE COST OF COVER OR FOR ANY INCIDENTAL,
INDIRECT, SPECIAL, PUNITIVE, CONSEQUENTIAL OR
SIMILAR DAMAGES OR LIABILITIES WHATSOEVER
(INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA,
INFORMATION, REVENUE, PROFIT OR BUSINESS)
ARISING OUT OF OR RELATING TO THE USE OR
INABILITY TO USE THE SOFTWARE OR OTHERWISE
UNDER OR IN CONNECTION WITH THIS EULA OR THE
SOFTWARE, WHETHER BASED ON CONTRACT, TORT
(INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE), STRICT LIABILITY OR
OTHER THEORY EVEN IF SYNOLOGY HAS BEEN
ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
Section 13. Limitation of Liability. SYNOLOGY'S AND
ITS SUPPLIERS' LIABILITY ARISING OUT OF OR
RELATING TO THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE
SOFTWARE
OR
OTHERWISE
UNDER
OR
IN
CONNECTION WITH THIS EULA OR THE SOFTWARE IS
LIMITED TO THE AMOUNT ACTUALLY PAID BY YOU
FOR THE PRODUCT REGARDLESS OF THE AMOUNT OF
DAMAGES YOU MAY INCUR AND WHETHER BASED ON
CONTRACT, TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE), STRICT
LIABILITY OR OTHER THEORY. The foregoing disclaimer
of warranties, disclaimer of certain damages and limitation of
liability will apply to the maximum extent permitted by
applicable law. The laws of some states/jurisdictions do not
allow the exclusion of implied warranties or the exclusion or
limitation of certain damages. To the extent that those laws
apply to this EULA, the exclusions and limitations set forth
above may not apply to you.
Section 14. Export Restrictions. You acknowledge that
the Software is subject to U.S. export restrictions. You
agree to comply with all applicable laws and regulations that
apply to the Software, including without limitation the U.S.
Export Administration Regulations.
Section 15.
U.S. Government License Rights.
All
Software provided to the U.S. Government is provided with
the commercial license rights and restrictions described in
this EULA. By installing, copying or using the Software, the
U.S. Government agrees that the Software is "commercial
computer software" or "commercial computer software
documentation" within the meaning of FAR Part 12.
Section 16. Termination. Without prejudice to any other
rights, Synology may terminate this EULA if you do not abide
by the terms and conditions contained herein. In such event,
you must cease use of the Software and destroy all copies of
the Software and all of its component parts.
Section 17. Assignment. You may not transfer or assign
your rights under this EULA to any third party. Any such
transfer or assignment in violation of the foregoing restriction
will be void.
Section 18. Applicable Law. Unless expressly prohibited
by local law, this EULA is governed by the laws of the State
of Washington, U.S.A. without regard to any conflict of law
principles to the contrary. The 1980 U.N. Convention on
Contracts for the International Sale of Goods or any
successor thereto does not apply.
Section 19. Dispute Resolution. Any dispute, controversy
or claim arising out of or relating to this Warranty, the
Software or services provided by Synology with respect to
the Software or the relationship between you and Synology
will be resolved exclusively and finally by arbitration under
the current commercial rules of the American Arbitration
Association if you reside in the United States, except as
otherwise provided below. In such cases, the arbitration will
be conducted before a single arbitrator, and will be limited
solely to the dispute between you and Synology. The
arbitration, or any portion of it, will not be consolidated with
any other arbitration and will not be conducted on a classwide or class action basis. The arbitration shall be held in
King County, Washington, U.S.A. by submission of
documents, by telephone, online or in person as determined
by the arbitrator at the request of the parties. The prevailing
party in any arbitration or legal action occurring within the
United States or otherwise shall receive all costs and
reasonable attorneys’ fees, including any arbitration fee paid
by the prevailing party. Any decision rendered in such
arbitration proceedings will be final and binding on the
parties, and judgment may be entered thereon in any court
of competent jurisdiction. You understand that, in the
absence of this provision, you would have had a right to
litigate any such dispute, controversy or claim in a court,
including the right to litigate claims on a class-wide or classaction basis, and you expressly and knowingly waives those
rights and agrees to resolve any disputes through binding
arbitration in accordance with the provisions of this
Section 19. If you do not reside within the United States,
any dispute, controversy or claim described in this Section
shall be finally resolved by arbitration conducted by three
neutral arbitrators in accordance with the procedures of the
R.O.C. Arbitration Law and related enforcement rules. The
arbitration shall take place in Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C., and the
arbitration proceedings shall be conducted in English or, if
both parties so agree, in Mandarin Chinese. The arbitration
award shall be final and binding on the parties and may be
enforced in any court having jurisdiction. Nothing in this
Section shall be deemed to prohibit or restrict Synology from
seeking injunctive relief or seeking such other rights and
remedies as it may have at law or equity for any actual or
threatened breach of any provision of this EULA relating to
Synology's intellectual property rights.
Section 20. Attorneys' Fees. In any arbitration, mediation,
or other legal action or proceeding to enforce rights or
remedies under this EULA, the prevailing party will be
entitled to recover, in addition to any other relief to which it
may be entitled, costs and reasonable attorneys' fees.
Section 21. Severability. If any provision of this EULA is
held by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, illegal,
or unenforceable, the remainder of this EULA will remain in
full force and effect.
Section 22. Entire Agreement. This EULA sets forth the
entire agreement of Synology and you with respect to the
Software and the subject matter hereof and supersedes all
prior and contemporaneous understandings and agreements
whether written or oral. No amendment, modification or
waiver of any of the provisions of this EULA will be valid
unless set forth in a written instrument signed by the party to
be bound thereby.
SYNOLOGY, INC.
LIMITED PRODUCT WARRANTY
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY ("WARRANTY") APPLIES TO THE PRODUCTS (AS DEFINED BELOW) OF SYNOLOGY, INC.
AND ITS AFFILIATES, INCLUDING SYNOLOGY AMERICA CORP, (COLLECTIVELY, "SYNOLOGY"). YOU ACCEPT AND
AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS OF THIS WARRANTY BY OPENING THE PACKAGE CONTAINING AND/OR
USING THE PRODUCT. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO THE TERMS OF THIS WARRANTY, DO NOT USE THE PRODUCT.
INSTEAD, YOU MAY RETURN THE PRODUCT TO THE RESELLER WHERE YOU PURCHASED IT FOR A REFUND IN
ACCORDANCE WITH THE RESELLER'S APPLICABLE RETURN POLICY.
Section 1. Definitions. (a) "Category I Product" means
Synology product models RS810+, RS810RP+, and RX410
(b) "Category II Product" means Synology product models
DS1010+, DS710+, DS509+, DS508, RS409RP+, RS409+,
RS409, RS408-RP, RS408, RS407, DX510, DX5 and RX4.
(c) "Category III Product" means all other Synology product
models purchased by Customer after March 1, 2008.
(d) "Category IV Product" means all other Synology product
models purchased by Customer before February 29, 2008.
(e) "Customer" means the original person or entity
purchasing the Product from Synology or an authorized
Synology distributor or reseller. (f) "Product" means a
Category I Product, Category II Product, Category III Product,
or Category IV Product and any hardware incorporated into
the product by Synology and any accompanying
documentation. (g) "Software" means the Synology
proprietary software that accompanies the Product when
purchased by Customer, is downloaded by Customer at the
Web Site, or is pre-installed on the Product by Synology, and
includes any firmware, associated media, images,
animations, video, audio, text and applets incorporated into
the software or Product and any updates or upgrades to
such software. (h) "Warranty Period" means: (i) the period
commencing on the date the Product is purchased by
Customer and ending (1) five years after such date for
Category I Products; (2) three years after such date for
Category II Products; or (3) two years after such date for
Category III Products; or (4) one year after such date for
Category IV Products. (i) "Web Site" means the Synology
web site located at www.synology.com.
Section 2. Limited Warranty and Remedies
2.1
Limited Warranty. Subject to Section 2.7, Synology
warrants to Customer that each Product (a) will be free of
material defects in workmanship and (b) under normal use
will perform substantially in accordance with Synology's
published specifications for the Product during the Warranty
Period. Synology warrants the Software as set forth in the
accompanying end user license agreement provided with the
Product, if any.
2.2
Product Registration.
Customers may register
Products with Synology and may obtain the manufacturing
date for Category I Products, Category II Products and
Category III Products at the Web Site. The failure to register
a Product at the Web Site will not diminish the warranty
rights set forth in Section 2.1. Synology is not responsible
for Customer's failure to identify the manufacturing date of
any Product.
2.3
Exclusive Remedy. If Customer gives notice of
noncompliance with any of the warranties set forth in
Section 2.1 within the applicable Warranty Period in the
manner set forth below, then, upon verification of the
noncompliance by Synology, Synology will, at Synology's
option: (a) use commercially reasonable efforts to repair the
Product, or (b) replace the noncomplying Product or part
thereof upon return of the complete Product in accordance
with Section 2.4 The foregoing sets forth Synology's entire
liability and Customer's sole and exclusive remedy for any
breach of warranty under Section 2.1 or any other defect or
deficiency in the Product. Customer will reasonably assist
Synology to diagnose and validate any nonconformity with
the Product. The warranty set forth in Section 2.1 does not
include: (1) any warranty relating to the Software;
(2) physical installation or removal of the Product from
Customer's site; (3) visits to Customer's site; (4) labor
necessary to effect repairs or replace defective parts other
than during Synology's or its contracted service providers'
normal local business hours, exclusive of weekends and
service providers’ holidays; (5) any work with any third party
equipment or software; (6) any warranty of the hard disk if
installed by Customer or any other third party; or (7) any
warranty of compatibility with the hard disk.
2.4
Return. Any Product returned by Customer under
Section 2.3 must be assigned a Return Merchandise
Authorization ("RMA") number by Synology before shipment
and must be returned in accordance with Synology's then
current RMA procedures.
Customer may contact any
authorized Synology distributor or reseller or Synology
Support to obtain assistance in obtaining an RMA, and must
provide proof of purchase and product serial number when
asking for such assistance. For warranty claims, Customer
must return the complete Product to Synology in accordance
with this Section 2.4 to be eligible for coverage under this
Warranty. Any Product returned without an RMA number, or
any Product that has been disassembled (except under the
direction of Synology) will be refused and returned to
Customer at Customer's expense. Any Product that has
been assigned a RMA number must be returned in the same
condition as it was received from Synology to the address
designated by Synology, freight pre-paid, in packaging
sufficient to protect the contents thereof and with the RMA
number prominently displayed on the outside of the box.
Customer is responsible for insurance and risk of loss with
respect to returned items until they are properly received by
Synology. A Product issued a RMA number must be
returned within fifteen (15) days after issuance of the
applicable RMA number.
2.5
Replacement by Synology. If Synology elects to
replace any Product under this Warranty set forth in
Section 2.1, then Synology will ship a replacement Product
at Synology's expense via the shipping method selected by
Synology after receipt of the nonconforming Product
returned in accordance with Section 2.4 and validation by
Synology that the Product does not conform to the warranty.
Replacement Product will be new or serviceably used,
comparable in function and performance to the original
Product and warranted for the remainder of the original
Warranty Period or thirty (30) days after it is shipped to
Customer, whichever period is longer Any Product found by
Synology to be non-defective will be returned to Customer.
2.6
Support. During the Warranty Period, Synology will
make available to Customer the support services. Following
the expiration of the applicable Warranty Period, support for
Products may be available from Synology upon written
request.
2.7
Exclusions. The foregoing warranties and warranty
obligations do not apply to any Product that (a) has been
installed or used in a manner not specified or described in
the Product specifications; (b) has been repaired, modified
or altered by anyone other than Synology or its agent or
designee; (c) has been in any way misused, abused, or
damaged; (d) has been used with items not provided by
Synology other than the hardware or software for which the
Product is designed; or (e) otherwise fails to conform to the
Product specifications and such failure is attributable to
causes not within or under Synology's control. Further, the
foregoing warranties will be void if (1) Customer
disassembles the Product except as authorized by Synology;
(2) Customer fails to implement any correction, modification,
enhancement, improvement or other update made available
to Customer by Synology; or (3) Customer implements,
installs or uses any correction, modification, enhancement,
improvement or other update made available by any third
party. The warranty set forth in Section 2.1 will terminate
upon Customer's sale or transfer of the Product to a third
party.
CUSTOMER MAY INCUR AND WHETHER BASED ON
CONTRACT, TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE), STRICT
LIABILITY OR OTHER THEORY. The foregoing disclaimer
of certain damages and limitation of liability will apply to the
maximum extent permitted by applicable law. The laws of
some states/jurisdictions do not allow exclusion or limitation
of certain damages. To the extent that those laws apply to
the Product, the exclusions and limitations set forth above
may not apply to Customer.
2.8
Disclaimer of Warranties. THE WARRANTIES,
OBLIGATIONS, AND LIABILITIES OF SYNOLOGY AND
THE REMEDIES OF CUSTOMER SET FORTH IN THIS
WARRANTY ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN SUBSTITUTION
FOR, AND CUSTOMER HEREBY WAIVES, RELEASES
AND
DISCLAIMS,
ALL
OTHER
WARRANTIES,
OBLIGATIONS AND LIABILITIES OF SYNOLOGY AND ALL
OTHER RIGHTS, CLAIMS AND REMEDIES OF
CUSTOMER AGAINST SYNOLOGY, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, ARISING BY LAW OR OTHERWISE, WITH
RESPECT TO THE PRODUCT, ACCOMPANYING
DOCUMENTATION OR SOFTWARE AND ANY OTHER
GOODS OR SERVICES DELIVERED UNDER THIS
WARRANTY, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY:
(A) IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE;
(B) IMPLIED WARRANTY ARISING FROM COURSE OF
PERFORMANCE, COURSE OF DEALING, OR USAGE OF
TRADE;
(C) CLAIM
OF
INFRINGEMENT
OR
MISAPPROPRIATION;
OR
(D) CLAIM
IN
TORT
(WHETHER BASED ON NEGLIGENCE, STRICT LIABILITY,
PRODUCT LIABILITY OR OTHER THEORY). SYNOLOGY
MAKES
NO
GUARANTEE
AND
SPECIFICALLY
DISCLAIMS ANY WARRANTY THAT THE DATA OR
INFORMATION STORED ON ANY SYNOLOGY PRODUCT
WILL BE SECURE AND WITHOUT RISK OF DATA LOSS.
SYNOLOGY RECOMMENDS THAT CUSTOMER TAKES
APPROPRIATE MEASURES TO BACK UP THE DATA
STORED ON THE PRODUCT. SOME STATES DO NOT
ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON IMPLIED WARRANTIES, SO
THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO
CUSTOMER.
Section 4. Miscellaneous
Section 3. Limitations of Liability
3.1
Force Majeure. Synology will not be liable for, or be
considered to be in breach of or default under this Warranty
on account of, any delay or failure to perform as required by
this Warranty as a result of any cause or condition beyond
its reasonable control (including, without limitation, any act or
failure to act by Customer).
3.2
Disclaimer of Certain Damages. IN NO EVENT
WILL SYNOLOGY OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR
THE COST OF COVER OR FOR ANY INCIDENTAL,
INDIRECT, SPECIAL, PUNITIVE, CONSEQUENTIAL OR
SIMILAR DAMAGES OR LIABILITIES WHATSOEVER
(INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA,
INFORMATION, REVENUE, PROFIT OR BUSINESS)
ARISING OUT OF OR RELATING TO THE USE OR
INABILITY
TO
USE
THE
PRODUCT,
ANY
ACCOMPANYING DOCUMENTATION OR SOFTWARE
AND ANY OTHER GOODS OR SERVICES PROVIDED
UNDER THIS WARRANTY, WHETHER BASED ON
CONTRACT, TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE), STRICT
LIABILITY OR OTHER THEORY EVEN IF SYNOLOGY HAS
BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH
DAMAGES.
3.3
Limitation of Liability. SYNOLOGY'S AND ITS
SUPPLIERS' LIABILITY ARISING OUT OF OR RELATING
TO THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PRODUCT, ANY
ACCOMPANYING DOCUMENTATION OR SOFTWARE
AND ANY OTHER GOODS OR SERVICES PROVIDED
UNDER THIS WARRANTY IS LIMITED TO THE AMOUNT
ACTUALLY PAID BY CUSTOMER FOR THE PRODUCT
REGARDLESS OF THE AMOUNT OF DAMAGES
4.1
Proprietary Rights.
The Product and any
accompanying Software and documentation provided with
the Product include proprietary and intellectual property
rights of Synology and its third party suppliers and licensors.
Synology retains and reserves all right, title, and interest in
the intellectual property rights of the Product, and no title to
or ownership of any intellectual property rights in or to the
Product, any accompanying Software or documentation and
any other goods provided under this Warranty is transferred
to Customer under this Warranty. Customer will (a) comply
with the terms and conditions of the Synology end user
license agreement accompanying any Software furnished by
Synology or an authorized Synology distributor or reseller;
and (b) not attempt to reverse engineer any Product or
component thereof or accompanying Software or otherwise
misappropriate, circumvent or violate any of Synology's
intellectual property rights.
4.2
Assignment. Customer will not assign any of its
rights under this Warranty directly, by operation of law or
otherwise, without the prior written consent of Synology.
4.3
No Additional Terms.
Except as expressly
permitted by this Warranty, neither party will be bound by,
and each party specifically objects to, any term, condition or
other provision that conflicts with the provisions of this
Warranty that is made by the other party in any purchase
order, receipt, acceptance, confirmation, correspondence or
otherwise, unless each party specifically agrees to such
provision in writing. Further, if this Warranty conflicts with
any terms or conditions of any other agreement entered into
by the parties with respect to the Product, this Warranty will
prevail unless the other agreement specifically references
the sections of this Warranty that it supersedes.
4.4
Applicable Law. Unless expressly prohibited by
local law, this Warranty is governed by the laws of the State
of Washington, U.S.A. without regard to any conflict of law
principles to the contrary. The 1980 U.N. Convention on
Contracts for the International Sale of Goods or any
successor thereto does not apply.
4.5
Dispute Resolution. Any dispute, controversy or
claim arising out of or relating to this Warranty, the Product
or services provided by Synology with respect to the Product
or the relationship between Customers residing within the
United States and Synology will be resolved exclusively and
finally by arbitration under the current commercial rules of
the American Arbitration Association, except as otherwise
provided below. The arbitration will be conducted before a
single arbitrator, and will be limited solely to the dispute
between Customer and Synology. The arbitration, or any
portion of it, will not be consolidated with any other
arbitration and will not be conducted on a class-wide or class
action basis. The arbitration shall be held in King County,
Washington, U.S.A. by submission of documents, by
telephone, online or in person as determined by the
arbitrator at the request of the parties. The prevailing party in
any arbitration or legal action occurring within the United
States or otherwise shall receive all costs and reasonable
attorneys’ fees, including any arbitration fee paid by the
prevailing party. Any decision rendered in such arbitration
proceedings will be final and binding on the parties, and
judgment may be entered thereon in any court of competent
jurisdiction. Customer understands that, in the absence of
this provision, Customer would have had a right to litigate
any such dispute, controversy or claim in a court, including
the right to litigate claims on a class-wide or class-action
basis, and Customer expressly and knowingly waives those
rights and agrees to resolve any disputes through binding
arbitration in accordance with the provisions of this
Section 4.5. For Customers not residing within the United
States, any dispute, controversy or claim described in this
section shall be finally resolved by arbitration conducted by
three neutral arbitrators in accordance with the procedures
of the R.O.C. Arbitration Law and related enforcement rules.
The arbitration shall take place in Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.,
and the arbitration proceedings shall be conducted in
English or, if both parties so agree, in Mandarin Chinese.
The arbitration award shall be final and binding on the
parties and may be enforced in any court having jurisdiction.
Nothing in this Section shall be deemed to prohibit or restrict
Synology from seeking injunctive relief or seeking such other
rights and remedies as it may have at law or equity for any
actual or threatened breach of any provision of this Warranty
relating to Synology's intellectual property rights.
4.6
Attorneys' Fees. In any arbitration, mediation, or
other legal action or proceeding to enforce rights or
remedies under this Warranty, the prevailing party will be
entitled to recover, in addition to any other relief to which it
may be entitled, costs and reasonable attorneys' fees.
4.7
Export Restrictions. You acknowledge that the
Product may be subject to U.S. export restrictions. You will
comply with all applicable laws and regulations that apply to
the Product, including without limitation the U.S. Export
Administration Regulations.
4.8
Severability. If any provision of this Warranty is held
by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, illegal, or
unenforceable, the remainder of this Warranty will remain in
full force and effect.
4.9
Entire Agreement. This Warranty constitutes the entire
agreement, and supersedes any and all prior agreements,
between Synology and Customer related to the subject matter
hereof. No amendment, modification or waiver of any of the
provisions of this Warranty will be valid unless set forth in a
written instrument signed by the party to be bound thereby.
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