Exposure Level Tester ELT-400
Electric and Magnetic Field Measurement
Safety Evaluation within a Magnetic Field Environment
Exposure Level Tester ELT-400
♦♦ Direct Evaluation of Field Exposure
Compared to Major Standards (IEEE C95.6)
♦♦ Automatic Exposure Evaluation
for Various Waveforms
♦♦ Eliminates the Overestimation
that Can Occur with FFT-based Evaluation
♦♦ Ultra-Wide Frequency Range
(1 Hz to 400 kHz)
♦♦ Wide Measurement Range
(up to 80 mT, type-dependent)
♦♦ Isotropic 100 cm2 and 3 cm2 Probe
(complies with standards)
♦♦ Three-Channel Scope Output
Applications
The ELT-400 is an innovative exposure level meter for measuring magnetic fields in
the workplace and public spaces. It is designed for health and safety professionals
in manufacturing, the insurance business and the service industry. This instrument
handles virtually any level measurement in the low and medium-frequency range,
simply and precisely. It is comparable to sound level meters commonly used in
noise assessment at the workplace.
PRODUCTION AREA
The ELT-400 is ideal for use with diverse manufacturing machinery, including induction heating, melting, and hardening equipment. Also, due to the extremely low
frequency limit and high power capability, most magnetic stirrers can be measured.
Special demands often occur with machinery in production areas where non-sinusoidal signals are common, e.g., in industrial applications that use resistance welding
machinery (pulse waveform, phase angle control) with traditional 50/60 Hz systems
as well as in newer medium-frequency switching units.
GENERAL ENVIRONMENT
In public spaces, complex fields occur with several kinds of electronic surveillance
systems. Most of the electromagnetic and acousto-magnetic gates are operated in
the frequency range of the ELT-400.
EMC TEST HOUSE
Magnetic fields generated by household appliances or other electrical devices are
receiving increased attention. Some new standards such as EN 50366 (IEC 62233)
describe how to evaluate such products. The ELT-400 is the ideal measuring device for
compliance with these standards. Benefits include the perfectly matched frequency
range and implementation of the specified transfer function.
narda Safety Test Solutions an
communications company USA • Germany • Italy
USA TEL: (1) 631 231-1700 • FAX: (1) 631 231-1711 • E-MAIL: NardaSTS@L-3COM.com • www.narda-sts.us
23
Electric and Magnetic Field Measurement
ELT-400 Exposure Level Tester
This new generation ELT-400 greatly simplifies the assessment process. With the EXPOSURE STD (Shaped Time
Domain) mode, the instrument achieves a new standard in
the simple but reliable measurement of magnetic fields,
whether straightforward or in complex field environments.
Time-consuming and easily-misinterpreted measurements
with a spectrum analyzer or a scope are rendered obsolete.
Detailed knowledge about the evaluation procedure, field
waveform or frequency is no longer needed. The results are
reliable and speed and ease of use are significantly improved
over all traditional methods.
Basic Operation
The ELT-400 covers the wide frequency range of 1 Hz to 400 kHz
which is far beyond the reference limits of common guidelines. This instrument has an external isotropic magnetic field
probe with a 100 cm2 cross-sectional area, making it suitable
for standards-compliant measurement even in inhomogeneous fields.
The ELT-400 has a rugged housing and is easy to operate
using only six buttons. The instrument settings and measurement results are clearly displayed on a backlit LCD
display.
An optional probe extension cable is especially designed for
low influence on the frequency response and sensitivity of
the instrument. This cable is a good choice in cases where
the probe and instrument must be handled separately. The
ELT-400 is available with different operating mode combinations, e.g., “Exposure STD” or “Field Strength.” See Ordering
Information section for details.
Exposure Std (Shaped Time Domain) Mode
SIGNAL-SHAPE-INDEPENDENT FIELD EVALUATION
In EXPOSURE STD mode, the level of the magnetic (B) field
is directly displayed as a “Percent of Standard” regardless of
the signal shape and frequency. The numeric result clearly reflects the current situation and the remaining safety margin.
The implemented method can be compared to sound level
meters that are commonly used to determine noise in the
workplace.
A standard’s variation with frequency is normalized through
an appropriate filter. Knowledge about the frequency or the
frequency-dependent limits is no longer needed. The standard is easily selected with a single keypress. Signals with one
24
or more frequencies are no problem. Newer safety standards
and guidelines also specify waveform-specific evaluation
procedures. For example, stationary sinusoidal and pulsed
fields are differentiated. With the ELT-400 the waveform is
automatically taken into account. The user no longer needs
any knowledge about the waveform or the duty cycle. Pulse
signal measurements are also possible. Different evaluation
patterns are occasionally specified in the standard for some
selected pulse waveforms. These patterns (valid for all imaginable waveforms) are directly handled by EXPOSURE STD
mode. This completely eliminates the need to analyze the
waveform in the time domain using a scope.
Even when faced with pulses that include DC fields, the
EXPOSURE STD method provides valuable results. The ELT400 covers all the relevant signal components down to 1 Hz
so that correct assessments can be made.
Occasionally, both the RMS value and the peak value are critical for assessing exposure in the low-frequency range. Both
detector types are provided and are simultaneously activated
in the default setting. Depending on the incoming signal and
standard selected, the most suitable detector is automatically
employed at all times. The necessary weighting factors are
also taken into account. The detectors may also be selected
independently for further interpretation of the signal.
Detailed knowledge of the field, the test equipment, and
other auxiliary conditions are necessary for insight into the degree of exposure when using traditional analysis instruments.
The exposure level is derived through extensive calculation.
Results can be easily misinterpreted or can have problems.
For example – with ICNIRP standard – FFT spectrum analysis
tends to overestimate results. The ELT-400 eliminates misinterpretation. It continuously monitors the field and the results
are permanently updated. Any change in the field, e.g., due
to a power reduction, can be immediately evaluated. Proper
evaluation in a personal safety context is achieved quickly
and reliably using the STD technique.
Field Strength Mode
BROADBAND FIELD STRENGTH MEASUREMENTS
If the field under test has essentially a single-frequency component, the broadband mode is also a good choice.
narda Safety Test Solutions an
communications company USA • Germany • Italy
USA TEL: (1) 631 231-1700 • FAX: (1) 631 231-1711 • E-MAIL: NardaSTS@L-3COM.com • www.narda-sts.us
Electric and Magnetic Field Measurement
ELT-400 Exposure Level Tester
The ELT-400 provides an ultra-wideband, flat frequency response. The measurement range can handle extremely high
field strength levels. Both RMS and peak detectors are available for broadband measurement. The field strength result is
displayed in “Tesla.”
Active Field Probe
THREE-AXIS ANALOGUE SIGNAL OUTPUT
In scientific studies or advanced signal-shape / frequency
analysis, a scope or an FFT analyzer may be connected to
the analog output. The output signal ensures proper phase
within the three axes and covers the full bandwidth of the
instrument.
The buffered output provides an adequate voltage swing to
allow simple operation.
narda Safety Test Solutions an
communications company USA • Germany • Italy
USA TEL: (1) 631 231-1700 • FAX: (1) 631 231-1711 • E-MAIL: NardaSTS@L-3COM.com • www.narda-sts.us
25
Electric and Magnetic Field Measurement
ELT-400 Exposure Level Tester
Specifications a
ELT - 400 with 100 cm2 Probe
Frequency Range (-3 dB), selectable
1 Hz to 400 kHz, 10 Hz to 400 kHz, 30 Hz to 400 kHz
Antenna Type
Magnetic (B) Field
Isotropic Coil 100 cm2
Sensor Type
Damage Level RMS
160 mT The damage level reduces linearly with increasing frequency above 77.5 Hz (1/f )
Damage Level Peak
226 mT The damage level reduces linearly with increasing frequency above 620 Hz (1/f )
The damage level (peak) applies for pulse duration ≤15.6 ms and duty cycle ≤1/64
Measurement Uncertainty d
±4% (50 Hz to 120 kHz)
Mounting Thread
1/4-20UNC-2B (standard thread)
EXPOSURE STD MODE
Exposure Evaluation
Comparison with Standard (see Ordering Information)
MODE b
ICNIRP
BGV B11
EN 50366
RANGE
LOW
HIGH
LOW
HIGH
LOW
HIGH
Overload Limit
160%
1600%
160%
1600%
160%
1600%
1%
5%
0.4%
2%
0.4%
2%
Noise Level c, typical
Resolution (Range: Low)
0.001%
Automatic according to Selected Standard or
RMS (averaging time 1 s) or Peak Value
Detection, selectable
Display Mode, selectable
Instantaneous or Max Hold
FIELD STRENGTH MODE
Frequency Response
Flat
MODE b
320 µT
8 mT
80 mT
RANGE
LOW
HIGH
LOW
HIGH
Overload Limit
32 µT
320 µT
800 µT
Noise Level, typical e
60 nT
320 nT
1 µT
Resolution (RANGE: LOW)
LOW
HIGH
8 mT
8 mT
80 mT
8 µT
10 µT
80 µT
1 nT
Detection, selectable
RMS (averaging time 1 s) or Peak Value
Display Mode, selectable
Instantaneous or Max Hold
OUTPUT
Analog Scope Output
Three Channel (X-Y-Z)
Analog Output Level
The open-circuit analog output voltage is 800 mV when the field strength value
corresponds to the overload limit (sensitivity = 800 mV / overload limit)
(ELT-400 output impedance = 50 Ω, load impedance ≥ 10 kΩ)
Interface
(Remote Control and Readout)
RS-232 (19200 baud, 8n1, XON/XOFF), 3-Wire, 2.5 mm Stereo Jack
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Operating Temperature Range
-10°C to +50°C
<95% (30°C) or <29 g/m3, non-condensing
Operating Humidity Range
Weight, Typical
2 lbs. (910 g) with probe
Dimensions, Typical
7.1 x 3.9 x 2.2 inches (180 x 100 x 55 mm) without probe / probe 11.8 x 4.9 Ø inches (300 x 125 Ø mm)
Display Type
LCD with Backlight; refresh rate 4 times per second
Battery
NiMH Batteries (4 x Mignon, AA), exchangeable
Operating Life, Typical
12 hours
Charger Unit
100 to 240 V AC / 47 to 63 Hz, fits all AC line connectors
Charging Time, Typical
2 hours
Calibration Interval, recommended
26
24 Months
narda Safety Test Solutions an
communications company USA • Germany • Italy
USA TEL: (1) 631 231-1700 • FAX: (1) 631 231-1711 • E-MAIL: NardaSTS@L-3COM.com • www.narda-sts.us
Electric and Magnetic Field Measurement
ELT-400 Exposure Level Tester
Specifications (con’t) a
ELT - 400 with 3 cm2 Probe
Frequency Range (-3 dB), selectable
Antenna Type
Sensor Type
Damage Level RMS
Damage Level Peak
1 Hz to 400 kHz, 10 Hz to 400 kHz, 30 Hz to 400 kHz
Magnetic (B) Field
Isotropic Coil 3 cm2
1500 mT The damage level reduces linearly with increasing frequency above 30 Hz (1/f )
2121 mT The damage level reduces linearly with increasing frequency above 240 Hz (1/f )
The damage level (peak) applies for pulse duration ≤15.6 ms and duty cycle ≤1/64
Measurement Uncertainty d
±6% (50 Hz to 120 kHz)
Mounting Thread
1/4-20UNC-2B (standard thread)
EXPOSURE STD MODE
Exposure Evaluation
MODE b
RANGE
Overload Limit
Noise Level c, typical
Resolution (Range: Low)
ICNIRP
LOW
1500%
10%
Detection, selectable
Display Mode, selectable
FIELD STRENGTH MODE
Frequency Response
MODE b
RANGE
Overload Limit
Noise Level, typical e
Resolution (RANGE: LOW)
Detection, selectable
Display Mode, selectable
OUTPUT
Analog Scope Output
Analog Output Level *
Interface
(Remote Control and Readout)
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Operating Temperature Range
Operating Humidity Range
Weight, Typical
Dimensions, Typical
Display Type
Battery
Operating Life, Typical
Charger Unit
Charging Time, Typical
Calibration Interval, recommended
narda Safety Test Solutions an
Comparison with Standard (see Ordering Information)
BGV B11
EN 50366
HIGH
LOW
HIGH
LOW
HIGH
15,000%
1500%
15,000%
1500%
15,000%
50%
4%
20%
4%
20%
0.001%
Automatic according to Selected Standard or
RMS (averaging time 1 s) or Peak Value
Instantaneous or Max Hold
Flat
8 mT
320 µT
LOW
300 µT
600 nT
HIGH
3 mT
3.2 µT
LOW
7.5 mT
10 µT
80 mT
HIGH
75 mT
80 µT
LOW
75 mT
100 µT
HIGH
750 mT
800 µT
1 nT
RMS (averaging time 1 s) or Peak Value
Instantaneous or Max Hold
Three Channel (X-Y-Z)
The open-circuit analog output voltage is 800 mV when the field strength value
corresponds to the overload limit (sensitivity = 800 mV / overload limit)
(ELT-400 output impedance = 50 Ω, load impedance ≥ 10 kΩ)
RS-232 (19200 baud, 8n1, XON/XOFF), 3-Wire, 2.5 mm Stereo Jack
-10°C to +50°C
<95% (30°C) or <29 g/m3, non-condensing
1.9 lbs. (840 g) with probe
7.1 x 3.9 x 2.2 inches (180 x 100 x 55 mm) without probe / probe 9.8 x 1.3 Ø inches (250 x 32 Ø mm)
LCD with Backlight; refresh rate 4 times per second
NiMH Batteries (4 x Mignon, AA), exchangeable
12 hours
100 to 240 V AC / 47 to 63 Hz, fits all AC line connectors
2 hours
24 Months
communications company USA • Germany • Italy
USA TEL: (1) 631 231-1700 • FAX: (1) 631 231-1711 • E-MAIL: NardaSTS@L-3COM.com • www.narda-sts.us
27
Electric and Magnetic Field Measurement
ELT-400 Exposure Level Tester
NOTES (for Spec Tables on 2 previous pages)
a Unless otherwise stated, these specifications apply for the reference condition: ambient temperature 23±3°C,
relative air humidity 40% to 60%, continuous wave signal (CW), RMS detection (frequency range: 30 Hz to 400 kHz)
b Type-dependent, see Ordering Information
c Detection: automatic according to selected standard
d Includes flatness, isotropy, absolute and linearity variations (frequency range: 1 Hz to 400 kHz or 10 Hz to 400 kHz).
The uncertainty increases at the frequency band limits (10 Hz, 30 Hz, 400 kHz) to ±1 dB based on the nominal frequency response.
e For Frequency Range 1 Hz to 400 kHz and 10 Hz to 400 kHz only
* Preliminary guide values. The overload limit will be specified more precisely to allow specification of the analog output.
Ordering Information
ELT-400 SET
ORDERING NUMBER
Calibrated Basic Unit and B-Field Probe (100 cm2), Certificate of Calibration, Charger (fits all AC
line connectors), Operating/Programming Manual, and
Rechargeable Batteries
2304/104/USA
EXPOSURE STD: IEC 62233
EXPOSURE STD: ICNIRP occ.
FIELD STRENGTH: 320 µT
FIELD STRENGTH: 80 mT
ACCESSORIES SUPPLIED:
Probe Extension Cable (length 1 m)
2300/90.30
Serial Interface Cable (length 2 m) – Stereo Jack / DB9
2260/90.51
Analog Interface Cable (length 3 m) – D-SUB15 / 3xBNC
2260/90.80
Transport Case
2245/90.07
OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES:
Tripod, non-conductive (height 1.65 m)
2244/90.31
Tripod Extension, non-conductive (height 0.5 m)
2244/90.45
B-field Probe 3 cm2
(Upgrade required for all ELT 400 with Firmware Version below 2.1 or
Serial Number A-0001 til H-9999)
28
narda Safety Test Solutions an
2300/90.20
communications company USA • Germany • Italy
USA TEL: (1) 631 231-1700 • FAX: (1) 631 231-1711 • E-MAIL: NardaSTS@L-3COM.com • www.narda-sts.us
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising