Bendix ® ADB22X™, ADB22X-V™ Air Disc Brakes Service Manual

Bendix ® ADB22X™, ADB22X-V™ Air Disc Brakes Service Manual
SD-23-7541
®
Bendix® ADB22X™, ADB22X-V™ Air Disc Brakes
Section one: Air disc brake Overview
1.1 DESCRIPTION
Bendix ® ADB22X ™ and ADB22X-V ™ Air Disc Brakes
(ADB) use a floating caliper design to provide foundation
braking on all axles of heavy commercial vehicles, buses
and trailers. Bendix Air Disc Brakes provide safety and
performance as well as ease of service.
The ADB22X disc brakes mount to the axle's anchor plate
(torque plate) using fasteners that are installed parallel
to the axle, while the anchor-plate fasteners used for the
Bendix® ADB22X-V™ air disc brakes install at right angles
to the axle.
Available with or without a combination spring brake unit,
these brakes may also include optional wear sensors and
wear diagnostic equipment.
Sections in this Document
SectionPage
1
2
3
4
5
Overview . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Preventive Maintenance and
Wheel-on Inspections . . . . . . 6-8
Troubleshooting Flowchart . . . . . 9
Wheel-off Maintenance Inspections . 10-15
Maintenance Kits and Procedures . . 16-37
Full Index - see Page 38
1.2 Air Disc Brake Identification
Locate the identification label near the guide pin housing.
See below for information about the label fields used.
Figure 2 - Typical part number label location
Bendix Part Number
Serial No.
Customer Part Number
Figure 3 - part number label information
Section One
SectionPage
Figure 1 - Bendix® ADB22X ™ Air disc Brakes
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.5.1
Description . . . . . . . . . .
Air Disc Brake Identification . . . . .
Rotor Identification . . . . . . . .
Wear Sensor Identification . . . . .
Operation . . . . . . . . . . .
Brake Release and Adjustment . . . .
1
1
3
3
3
3
1
generAl SAFety guiDelineS
wArning! PleASe reAD AnD
Follow theSe inStructionS
to AVoiD PerSonAl inJury or DeAth:
when working on or around a vehicle, the following
guidelines should be observed At All tiMeS:
▲ Park the vehicle on a level surface, apply the parking
brakes and always block the wheels. Always wear
personal protection equipment.
▲ Stop the engine and remove the ignition key when
working under or around the vehicle. when working
in the engine compartment, the engine should be shut
off and the ignition key should be removed. where
circumstances require that the engine be in operation,
eXtreMe cAution should be used to prevent personal
injury resulting from contact with moving, rotating,
leaking, heated or electrically-charged components.
▲ Do not attempt to install, remove, disassemble or
assemble a component until you have read, and
thoroughly understand, the recommended procedures.
use only the proper tools and observe all precautions
pertaining to use of those tools.
▲ if the work is being performed on the vehicle’s air brake
system, or any auxiliary pressurized air systems, make
certain to drain the air pressure from all reservoirs
before beginning Any work on the vehicle. if the vehicle
is equipped with a Bendix® AD-iS® air dryer system, a
Bendix® DrM™ dryer reservoir module, or a Bendix®
AD-9si® air dryer, be sure to drain the purge reservoir.
▲ Following the vehicle manufacturer’s recommended
procedures, deactivate the electrical system in a manner
that safely removes all electrical power from the vehicle.
▲ never exceed manufacturer’s recommended pressures.
▲ never connect or disconnect a hose or line containing
pressure; it may whip. never remove a component or
plug unless you are certain all system pressure has
been depleted.
▲ use only genuine Bendix® brand replacement parts,
components and kits. replacement hardware, tubing,
hose, fittings, etc. must be of equivalent size, type
and strength as original equipment and be designed
specifically for such applications and systems.
▲ components with stripped threads or damaged parts
should be replaced rather than repaired. Do not
attempt repairs requiring machining or welding unless
specifically stated and approved by the vehicle and
component manufacturer.
▲ Prior to returning the vehicle to service, make certain all
components and systems are restored to their proper
operating condition.
▲ For vehicles with Automatic traction control (Atc),
the Atc function must be disabled (Atc indicator
lamp should be on) prior to performing any vehicle
maintenance where one or more wheels on a drive axle
are lifted off the ground and moving.
▲ the power MuSt be temporarily disconnected
from the radar sensor whenever any tests uSing A
DynAMoMeter are conducted on a Bendix® wingman®
Advanced™-equipped vehicle.
▲ you should consult the vehicle manufacturer's
operating and service manuals, and any related
literature, in conjunction with the guidelines above.
2
WARNING: Not all wheels and valve stems
are compatible with Bendix Air Disc Brakes. Use
only wheels and valve stems approved by the
vehicle manufacturer to avoid the risk of valve
stem shear and other compatibility issues.
WARNING: Avoid creating
dust. Possible cancer and lung
disease hazard.
While Bendix Spicer Foundation Brake LLC does not
offer asbestos brake linings, the long-term affects of
some non-asbestos fibers have not been determined.
Current OSHA Regulations cover exposure levels to
some components of non-asbestos linings, but not
all. The following precautions must be used when
handling these materials.
• Avoid creating dust. Compressed air or dry
brushing must never be used for cleaning brake
assemblies or the work area.
• Bendix recommends that workers doing brake
work must take steps to minimize exposure
to airborne brake lining particles. Proper
procedures to reduce exposure include working
in a well-ventilated area, segregation of areas
where brake work is done, use of local filtered
ventilation systems or use of enclosed cells with
filtered vacuums. Respirators approved by the
Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA)
or National Institute for Occupational Safety and
Health (NIOSH) should be worn at all times during
brake servicing.
•Workers must wash before eating, drinking or
smoking; shower after working, and should not
wear work clothes home. Work clothes should
be vacuumed and laundered separately without
shaking.
•OSHA Regulations regarding testing, disposal
of waste and methods of reducing exposure
for asbestos are set forth in 29 Code of Federal
Regulations §1910.001. These Regulations
provide valuable information which can be utilized
to reduce exposure to airborne particles.
• Material Safety Data Sheets on this product, as
required by OSHA, are available from Bendix.
Call 1‑800‑247‑2725 and speak to the Tech Team
or e‑mail techteam@bendix.com
1.3 Rotor Identification
1.5 Operation
See Figure 4 to help you identify which type of rotor is used
on the axle being inspected. Note that the maintenance
inspection procedure will depend on the type of rotor
installed.
Bendix air disc brakes convert air pressure into braking
force. (See Figure 6.) When the vehicle brakes are
applied, air enters the service brake chamber through
the supply port, applying pressure within the diaphragm.
The pressure expands the diaphragm — applying force
to, and moving, the pressure plate and push rod forward.
The push rod acts against a cup in the internal lever which
pivots on an eccentric bearing moving the bridge. Moving
against a return spring, the bridge transfers the motion to
two threaded tubes and tappets, which move the inner
brake pad. The inner brake pad (from its normal position
of having a running clearance between it and the rotor)
moves into contact with the brake rotor. Further movement
of the bridge forces the caliper — sliding on two stationary
guide pins — away from the rotor. That, in turn, pulls the
outer brake pad into the rotor. The clamping action of the
brake pads on the rotor applies braking force to the wheel.
Bendix® Splined
Disc® Rotor
Conventional
Rotor
Service Brake
Chamber
Inner Brake Pad
Outer Brake
Pad
Lever
Pressure
Plate
Supply Port
Push Rod
Return Spring
Figure 4 - rotor identification
CAUTION: Rotors may not be mixed on a single axle:
axles are only permitted to have all conventional or all
splined disc rotors.
1.4 Wear Sensor Identification
Diaphragm
See Figure 5 for the electronic wear sensor that may be
present.
104
Cable Protection
Plate
101
Sensor
101
Sensor
Rotor
Bridge
Eccentric Bearing
FIGURE 6 - cross-section view showing BRAKE
operation
105
Cable Guide
(2 alternate
designs used)
103
Cable to Electrical
Supply
Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Cable to Electrical Supply . . . . . . 103
Cable Protection Plate . . . . . . . . . 104
Cable Guide (two designs) . . . . . 105
Consult the instruction sheet included with wear
indicator kits for installation information.
1.5.1 Brake Release and Adjustment
When the vehicle brakes are released, the air pressure
in the service brake chamber is exhausted and the return
springs in the chamber and the bridge return the air disc
brake to a neutral, non-braked position. To maintain the
running clearance gap between the rotor and the brake
pads over time, the non-braked position is mechanically
adjusted by a mechanism in the caliper. The adjustment
mechanism operates automatically whenever the brakes
are activated, to compensate for rotor and brake pad wear
and to keep the running clearance constant. During pad
or rotor maintenance, the technician manually sets the
system’s initial non-braked position. The total running
clearance (the sum of clearances on both sides of the
rotor) should be between 0.024 to 0.043 in. (0.6 to 1.1 mm).
Figure 5 - electronic Wear Indicator components
3
12
Pad
1 Assembly
Caliper
9
22
58 Inner Boot
7
Inner Seal
5
Ring
Brass Bushing
Guide Pin
40
Caliper Bolt
Top Sectional View
10
Cap
23
Adjuster Unit
161
Tappet Bushing
32
Chain Wheel
16
Threaded Tube
13
Tappet and Boot
Assembly
61
Shear Adapter
45 Washer
26
Spring Clip
37
Adjuster Cap
44
Pad Retainer Pin
27 Spring
30
Chain
11
Pad Retainer
17
Bridge
33
Wear Sensor
22
Inner
Seal
16
Threaded Tube
24
Turning
Device
161
Tappet
Bushing
13
Tappet and
Boot Assembly
6 Guide Sleeve
2
Carrier
2
Carrier
39
Caliper Bolt
58
Ring
Side Sectional View
Pad Assembly 12
12
Pad
Assembly
18/1 Spring Brake or
18/2
Brake Chamber
46
Rotor
43
Bolt
27
Spring
Figure 7 - sectional views
4
68
Cap
19
17 Lever
Bridge
20
Eccentric
Bearing
9
Inner
Boot
4
Guide Pin
Short Caliper Bolt
Sectional View
Type A
Type B
35 Double-Diaphragm Style
Spring Brake Chamber
(Wheel turns toward
fixed pin side of
ADB)
44
Pad Retainer Pin
(Fixed pin)
18/1 Spring Brake
Actuator
11 Pad Retainer
18/2
Service
Actuator
26 Spring Clip
12/2 Pad Holder Spring
Wheel Rotation
(typically right hand)
Shield
Kit
(Drive or
Steer)
45
Washer
Wheel Rotation
12/1 Pad
(typically left hand)
(Pad Assembly
consists of
12/1 plus 12/2)
10
40
Cap
Caliper
5
Guide Bolt
7
Brass
Bushing
Pin
68
Cap
39 Caliper Bolt
22
Inner Seal
161
Tappet Bushing
13 Tappet
and Boot
Assembly
4 Guide Pin
Actuator
Hardware
61 37*
Shear
Adapter
Carrier
Mounting
Hardware
1
Caliper
(or Caliper Kit)
U-shaped Rotor
*37 Adjuster
Caps (2 styles
supplied in kits)
6 Guide Sleeve
9
58 Inner Boot
Ring
Bendix® ADB22X™
Anchor Plate
2A
Bendix®
ADB22X™
Carrier
(Rotor Shield for Trailers)
U-shaped
Rotor
Fasteners
2B
Bendix®
ADB22X-V™
Carrier
SD-1
Drive Hub
SD-2
Splined Disc Rotor
Hardware
SD-1, -2, -3
®
SD-3
Splined Disc® Rotor
(SD)
Bendix®
ADB22X-V™
Anchor Plate
Carrier
Mounting
Hardware
See Section 5.2 for
exploded view of electronic
wear indicator.
Steer Hub
Figure 8 - exploded view - Bendix® ADB22X ™ and ADB22X-V ™ Air Disc Brakes
Index To Figures 7 & 8
Adjuster Caps . . . . . . . . . 37
Adjuster Unit . . . . . . . . . . 23
Bolt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Brass Bushing . . . . . . . . . . 7
Bridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Caliper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Caliper Bolt . . . . . . . . 39, 40
Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Carrier . . . . . . . . . . 2 (A or B)
Chain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Chain Wheel . . . . . . . . . . 32
Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Eccentric Bearing . . . . . . 20
Guide Pins . . . . . . . . . . . 4, 5
Guide Sleeve . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Inner Boot . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Inner Seal . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Pad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12/1
Pad Holder Spring . . . . . 12/2
Pad Assembly . . . . . . . . . 12
Pad Retainer . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Pad Retainer Pin . . . . . . . 44
Ring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Service Actuator . . . . . . 18/2
Shear Adapter . . . . . . . . . 61
Splined Disc Hardware
. . . . . .SD-1, SD-2 and SD-3
Spring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Spring Brake Actuator . . 18/1
Spring Brake Actuator (DoubleDiaphragm style) . . . . . . . 35
Spring Clip . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Tappet and Boot
Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Tappet Bushing . . . . . . . 161
Threaded Tube . . . . . . . . 16
Turning Device . . . . . . . . 24
Washer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Wear Sensor . . . . . . . . . . 33
5
Section Two: Preventive Maintenance schedule and Wheel-on inspections
2.0 Preventive Maintenance
Regular inspection and maintenance of air disc brake
components is an important part of vehicle maintenance.
The maintenance practices outlined here are recommended
in addition to all standard industry practices (including
daily pre-trip inspections.) Also, see the vehicle's manual
for recommendations. Keep track of the results of your
maintenance inspections to assist you in determining the
ideal maintenance intervals for the vehicle.
Section Two
SectionPage
2.0
2.1
2.2
Preventive Maintenance . . . . . . 6
Brake Pad and Rotor Inspections . . . 7-8
Running Clearance Quick Inspection . . 8
Use the table below for a guide to maintenance interval
planning, however, depending on the particular vehicle's
use, more frequent checks of the components may be
necessary.
Table 1: Inspection Period
(4 to 5 times during the pad lifetime)
* For vehicles with
electronic wear
indicators, use the
dash indicator(s)
and/or the hand‑held
diagnostic tool to
regularly monitor the
pad wear.
When
you
check
the tire
pressures
About every four (4)
months for over-theroad applications:
About every three (3) months
for higher-duty applications:
e.g. line haul, RV,
open-highway
coaches, etc.
e.g. pick-up & delivery,
off-highway, construction,
logger, concrete mixer, dump
truck, city transit bus, refuse,
school buses, etc.
See Section 5.2.
At the
very
least,
every
four (4)
months
At least
once
every
year
(and at
every
pad
replacement)
Inspections with the wheel mounted (Sections 2.1 - 2.3)
Inspect the pad thickness by
checking the mechanical wear
indicators*. See Section 2.1.
Inspect the running clearances
using the quick inspection
technique. See Section 2.2.
Inspect the visible part of the rotors
for cracks, etc. See Section 2.3.
Inspections with wheel removed (Section 4)
Inspect the pads and entire rotor
surfaces for cracks, etc. (Bendix®
splined disc® rotors: Inspect
retaining hardware and check
torques) See Section 2.3.
Inspect the running clearances and
adjuster operation.
See Sections 2.2 and 4.2.
Inspect the caliper travel.
See Section 4.1.
Inspect the tappet and boot
assemblies. See Section 4.6.
Inspect all caps, hoses, and brake
exterior for damage etc.
6
Table 1 - Preventive Maintenance Schedule
2.1 brake pad and rotor inspections
Visual checks of the condition of the brake pad/rotor wear
can be made without removing the wheels. Where dust
guards are not used, the top of the pads and part of the
rotor are visible through the opening at the top of the brake.
Other visible portions of the rotor can be inspected at the
same time.
Unless a vehicle has been stored for some time, the main
rotor surfaces that contact the pads will always appear to
be shiny. Surface rust on these surfaces would indicate a
malfunctioning brake that should be inspected immediately.
Wear Indicator Style A:
Where both the carrier and caliper have an
indicator notch.
Compare the relative position of two notches cast into
the carrier and caliper. When the two notches align,
it is time to schedule a full wheel-removed inspection
of the pads and rotor.
Notch in the
caliper
Pads are 1.181 in. (30 mm.) thick when new and must be
replaced when they reach 0.433 in. (11 mm.). Rotors are
1.77 in. (45 mm.) thick when new and must be replaced
when they reach 1.46 in. (37 mm.). See Section 4.3 for
further inspection criteria.
Notch in the
carrier
2.1.1 Electronic Wear Indicators
Use the dash indicator(s) and/or a hand‑held diagnostic
tool to regularly monitor the pad wear. (See Section 5.2.)
2.1.2 Mechanical Wear Indicators
See Figure 9 for the location of the mechanical wear
indicators. There are two types (See Figure 10 for Style A
and Figure 11 for Style B).
Quick Visual
Inspection of Pad
Thickness and Rotor
Location of Wear
Indicator Notches
(Both sides of brake)
When the notches
line up, it is time
to schedule an
inspection of the
pads and rotor
Figure 10 - Style A - when both Carrier and caliper
have a cast notch
Wear Indicator Style B:
Where only the caliper has an indicator
notch.
When the notch in the caliper aligns with the front
edge of the torque plate, it is time to schedule a full
wheel-removed inspection of the pads and rotor.
Figure 9 - Location of wear indicators
Note: These mechanical wear indicators do
not constitute “out‑of‑service” criteria. These
inspections only show when to schedule a full wheelremoved inspection of the brake pads and rotor.
The thicknesses of the pad and rotor will both affect
the wear indicator position at which maintenance is
actually needed.
Notch in
the caliper
When the
torque plate
edge lines up
with the notch,
it is time to
schedule an
inspection of
the pads and
rotor
No notch
in the
carrier
Torque
plate
Figure 11 - Carrier wear indicator notch and backing
plate alignment
7
H
F
No action is needed
for small cracks
spread over the
surface (e.g. Area F)
Rotor
Friction
Surface
Width “f”
Area
F
• For standard Bendix rotors, cracks
running in a radial direction — like
spokes of a wheel (see Area H) — less
than 0.06 in. (1.5 mm) deep or wide
are acceptable if they do not reach
either edge (see G). Cracks are only
acceptable if the length of the crack is
less than 75% of dimension “f” (the width
of the rotor contact area).
Area
H
f
Area G
G
Cracks reaching
either edge of the
rotor
are not
acceptable
for either
type of
rotor
Area J
J
Circumferential
grooves, as in Area
J, are acceptable
if less than 0.06 in.
(1.5 mm) deep.
• For Bendix Splined Disc rotors, radial
cracks are only acceptable if they are
less than 0.04 in. (1.0 mm) deep or
wide and if they do not reach either edge
(see G). Crack lengths must be less
than 75% of dimension “f” (the width
of the rotor contact area).
In addition, follow the
recommendations of the
vehicle manufacturer.
Note: Axles should
have either all Bendix
Splined Disc (or all
conventional) rotors.
figure 12 - examples of acceptable and non-acceptable rotor cracks and grooves
2.1.3 Rotor Quick Inspection
See Figure 12. See the various potential rotor conditions
that you may find. See the criteria below for whether the
rotor needs to be replaced and/or scheduled for a full
inspection.
2.2 Running Clearance Quick
Inspection
CAUTION: Follow all safe maintenance practices.
On level ground, with the wheels chocked and the parking
brake temporarily released, check for movement of the
brake caliper. This small movement, less than 0.08" (2 mm)
- approximately the thickness of a nickel - in the inboard/
outboard direction indicates that the brake is moving
properly on its guide pins.
If the caliper has no movement or appears to move greater
than the distances noted above, a full wheel-removed
inspection will be necessary (See Section 4.1).
8
Push/Pull
By Hand
to Check
the Caliper
Movement
figure 13 - Caliper running clearance
(figure does not show wheel)
Section three: Troubleshooting Procedure Flowchart
Air Disc Brake Inspection
Follow safe maintenance practices,
chock wheels. Engage spring brakes
and cage spring. Release spring
brakes and drain air from system.
Raise axle, spin
the wheel by
hand.
Does
the wheel
turn smoothly?
YES
NO
Is
the
spring brake fully/
partially applied?
Check
running
clearance (4.1)
- OK?
NO
YES
YES
NO
YES
Check
running
clearance (4.1)
- OK?
YES
Check
adjuster (4.2)
- OK?
YES
NO
NO
Drain air pressure from
system. Re-start test after
caging spring brakes
Check
Adjuster (4.2)
- OK?
Check
caliper
guidance (4.5)
- OK?
Replace caliper/
carrier assembly
(5.3)
Check
Pad and rotor
wear (4.3-4.4)
- OK?
YES
YES
NO
NO
Replace caliper/
carrier assembly
(5.3)
NO
Tightness not due to
air disc brake. See
vehicle manual.
Replace components
as needed with
genuine Bendix parts.
Disc brake OK
Replace guide pins
(5.6) OR replace
caliper/carrier
assembly (5.3)
Figure 14 - troubleshooting Bendix air disc Brakes
9
Section four: Wheel-Off maintenance inspections
Section Four
SectionPage
4.0
Wheel-Off Inspections . . . . . . 10
4.1
Caliper Movement Test . . . . . . 10
4.2
Adjuster Mechanism Inspection . . . 11
4.3-4.4 Brake Pads and Rotors . . . . . 12-14
4.3 Inspect the Brake Pads . . . . . . 12
4.4 Inspect the Rotor . . . . . . . 13-14
4.4.3 Machining (Grinding or Turning) Rotors
14
4.5
Guide Pin Bearing Inspection . . . 14-15
4.6
Tappet & Boot Assembly Inspection . . 15
4.1 Caliper Movement Test
CAUTION: Follow all safe maintenance practices.
Remove the wheel. With the spring brakes released or
caged, push the caliper assembly inboard on its guide pins.
Note: To fully release the spring brakes, assure that the
air system pressure is at least 90 PSI. Using a suitable
tool (for example a large flat-blade screwdriver), press the
inboard pad (12) away from the tappets. Check that there
is no dirt, etc. in the gap, and clean if necessary. Then use
two long-blade feeler gauges to measure over the whole
tappet surface the gap between them and the inboard pad
backplate. (See Figure 16.) The gap should be between
0.024 in. (0.6 mm) and 0.043 in. (1.1 mm). If the gap is
within the range given, the test is complete.
4.0 Wheel-off inspections
CAUTION: During these inspections, follow all safe
maintenance practices, including those on page
two of this service manual. Also, follow the vehicle
manufacturer’s recommendations. When working on
foundation brakes, be sure that the vehicle is on level
ground, that the vehicle is parked by other means
than the foundation brakes, and that the wheels are
chocked.
4.0.1 Wheel Removal and Re-Installation
Pull
Caliper
Inboard
Refer to the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations for
removing the wheel.
Note: When removing the wheel, inspect first to see that
there is no contact between the caliper and axle, vehicle,
chassis sections or carrier, etc. that may be impeding the
free movement of the caliper.
WARNING: Not all wheels and valve stems are
compatible with Bendix Air Disc Brakes. Use only
wheels and valve stems approved by the vehicle
manufacturer to avoid risk of valve stem shear and
other compatibility issues. After re-installing a wheel
according to the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations,
please ensure that there is sufficient clearance between
the tire inflation valve stem, the caliper and the wheel rim,
to avoid damage.
Figure 15 - Pull Caliper inboard
Check the clearance at
both tappets simultaneously:
0.024 in. to 0.043 in.
(0.6 mm. to 1.1 mm.)
Figure 16 - Running Clearance Check
CAUTION: If the clearance is too wide, there is a
danger of brake failure. If the clearance is too small,
or if there is no gap at all, there is a danger of the brake
overheating. These conditions must be corrected
before returning the vehicle to service.
For further investigation, where there is some gap, go to
Section 4.2 and check the adjuster mechanism. Where
there is no movement at all (and so no gap to measure),
go to Section 4.5 “Guide Pin Inspection.”
10
4.2 adjuster mechanism Inspection
CAUTION: Follow all safe maintenance practices.
Aside from the normal maintenance schedule, the
adjuster mechanism inspection that follows is also
carried out when the Caliper Movement Test (4.1) finds
that the running clearance is too small or too large.
4.2.1 With the spring brake released (or caged), remove
the adjuster cap (37) using the tab, taking care not
to move the shear adapter (61). Note: One of two
styles of adjuster cap (stamped metal or plastic
adjuster cap) may be used.
Figure 20 - Backing-off (increasing) the Running
Clearance
If the shear adapter fails, you may attempt a second time
with a new (unused) shear adapter.
Note: Always double-check that the spring brake is released
(where applicable) if a shear adapter fails; if this step was
missed, the shear adapter will break off, and it may appear
that the caliper is seized.
In cases where a second failure of the shear adapter
confirms that the adjustment mechanism is seized, the
caliper must be replaced.
Adjuster Cap
Location
Figure 17 - adjuster cap location
37
Cap
23 Adjuster
61 Adapter
Tab
37
Cap
Tab
Figure 18 - Exploded view Figure 19 - CAP INSTALLED:
of adjuster and adapter tab location
For illustration purposes, the exploded view (Figure 18)
shows the adjuster (23) and shear adapter (61) separated.
When using the adjuster mechanism, always have the
shear adapter installed on the adjuster.
4.2.2 Using a 10 mm. six-point box wrench, turn the Shear
Adapter (61) counter-clockwise and listen for
the sound of 3 clicks as the mechanism backs-off
(increases) the running clearance. Note: Do not
use an open-ended wrench as this may damage
the adapter. See Figure 20.
CAUTION: Never turn the adjuster (23) without the
shear adapter (61) installed. The shear adapter is a
safety feature and is designed to prevent excessive
torque from being applied to the adjuster. The shear
adapter will fail (by breaking) if too much torque is
applied.
Figure 21 - Applying moderate applications of the
brakes: the wrench moves clockwise as the running
clearance is diminished
4.2.3 Where the adjuster mechanism is able to be backedoff normally, position a box-end wrench on the shear
adapter so that it can turn clockwise freely without
coming into contact with parts of the vehicle (See
Figure 21). Make five to ten moderate applications
of the brakes [at about 30 psi (2 Bar)], and observe
that the box-end wrench or socket should turn
clockwise in small increments.
NOTE: As the number of applications increases,
the turning movement will decrease (as the brake
reaches its normal calibration point).
If the box-end wrench does not: (a) turn at all; (b) turns only
with the first application; or (c) turns forward and backward
with every application, the automatic adjuster has failed and
the caliper/carrier assembly must be replaced.
After completing these wheel-off tests, Bendix recommends
installing a new adjuster cap (lightly greased using white,
lithium-based grease) when returning the brake to service.
Ensure that the tab is in the position shown in Figure 19.
11
4.3- 4.4 Brake Pads and Rotors
4.3 Inspect the Brake Pads
CAUTION: Follow all safe maintenance practices.
Regular inspection of the brake pads (even for vehicles
that use an electronic wear indicator) is an important part
of vehicle maintenance.
If electronic wear sensors are present, see Section 5.2.
If dust covers are present, see Section 5.1.
See Figure 23. While pressing down against the pad
retaining bar (11), remove and retain the clip (26),
washer (45) and pin (44). Remove the pad retainer bar (11).
Bendix recommends that these items should be replaced
with new (See available kits and parts, Section 5.0).
Follow the steps in Section 4.2 for backing-off the adjuster
mechanism. Slide the caliper inboard then outboard to
permit easy removal of the brake pads.
Brake Rotor
4.3.1 See Figure 22. If the thickness of the friction
material — dimension “C” — is less than 0.080 in.
(2 mm.), the pads must be replaced.
Bendix® ADB22X™, ADB22X-V™ air disc brakes use 0.35 in.
(9 mm.) backing plates, so dimension “D” (the combined
pad and backing plate thickness) must be a minimum of
0.43 in. (11 mm.).
4.3.2 Check for uneven end-to-end pad wear. If the
difference in wear is greater than 0.080 in. (2 mm.),
replace the brake pads and also inspect the guide
pins (See Section 4.5).
4.3.3 Compare the thickness of the inboard and outboard
pads of each set. If the difference between the
inboard and outboard pad thickness is greater than
0.138 in. (3.5 mm.), replace the brake pads and
inspect the guide pins (See Section 4.5).
Outboard
Brake Pad
Inboard
Brake Pad
If the results of the pad inspections are within the acceptable
range, inspect the pad surface. (See Figure 24).
Where a
small amount
of brake
material
chipped from
the edge
Minor Damage Is Acceptable
A
Thickness of a new pad (1.181 in.) (30 mm.).
B
Backing plate thickness (0.360 in.) (9 mm.)
C Minimum thickness of friction material (0.080 in.)
(2 mm.)
D Minimum thickness of a worn pad (0.433 in.)
(11 mm.); replace pads.
E
Thickness of a new rotor (1.77 in.) (45 mm.).
Minimum rotor thickness (1.46 in.) (37 mm.)
Figure 22 - PAD AND ROTOR DIMENSIONS
Major Damage Is Not Acceptable
Section
damaged or
missing
See Figure 22 for initial brake pad and rotor dimensions,
as well as minimum acceptable dimensions.
Figure 24 - brake PAD surface inspection
Minor damage at the edges is permitted, but replace the
pads if major damage on the surface of the pad is found.
When replacing brake pads, Bendix strongly recommends
that all the brake pads on an axle be replaced at one time.
See Section 5.1 for the pad replacement procedure. Also
see the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations found in
the operator’s manual.
44
Pin
11 Pad Retainer Bar
45 Washer
26 Spring Clip
Figure 23 - Retainer bar removal
12
Bendix air disc brakes are precision-engineered braking
mechanisms. The “friction couple” braking characteristics
have been carefully optimized — and the rotor design and
materials have been matched with special formulation
brake pads for optimal performance. In all cases, use
brake pads with the type of backing plate and lining material
originally supplied by the vehicle manufacturer.
CAUTION: When replacing brake pads and rotors,
use only Bendix® brand replacement pads and rotors
and/or those approved by the OEM. Non-approved
replacement disc pads or rotors can cause excess
wear to brake components, and can increase the risk
of rotors cracking, etc.
4.4 Inspect the Rotor
CAUTION: Follow all safe maintenance practices.
Identify if the rotor is a Bendix® Splined Disc®, or Bendix®
brand conventional rotor (See Section 1.03). Rotors should
be inspected regularly (See Section 2.0 for recommended
inspection schedule) and at each pad change.
4.4.1 Measure the thickness of the brake rotor at the
thinnest point (Dimension “E” in Figure 22). Avoid
measuring near the edge of the rotor as minor
burrs may result in inaccurate measurement. For
Bendix® brand rotors, replace the rotor when
the minimum thickness of 1.46 in. (37 mm.) is
reached. For other brands of rotors, refer to the
rotor manufacturer’s guidelines.
4.4.2 Inspect the rotor surface. See Figure 25. The type
of rotor, and also the size, depth and direction of
the imperfections, must all be considered.
Note: If surface wear conditions F through J are
in the permitted range, the rotor is still usable until
it reaches the minimum acceptable thickness for the
rotor manufacturer’s guidelines.
4.4.3 Machining (Grinding or Turning) Rotors
Bendix® brand rotors are normally service-free. In the case
of severe grooving of the entire friction surface, however,
conventional rotors may be turned when changing
pads, to increase the load-bearing surface.
H
F
No action is needed
for small cracks
spread over the
surface (e.g. Area F)
Rotor
Friction
Surface
Width “f”
Area
F
Area
H
f
Area G
G
Cracks reaching
either edge of the
rotor
are not
acceptable
for either
type of
rotor
• For standard Bendix® brand rotors,
cracks running in a radial direction —
like spokes of a wheel (see Area H)
— less than 0.06 in. (1.5 mm) deep or
wide are acceptable if they do not reach
either edge (see G). Cracks are only
acceptable if the length of the crack is
less than 75% of dimension “f” (the width
of the rotor contact area).
Area J
• For Bendix ® Splined Disc rotors,
radial cracks are only acceptable if they
are less than 0.04 in. (1.0 mm) deep
or wide and if they do not reach either
edge (see G). Crack lengths must be
less than 75% of dimension “f” (the
width of the rotor contact area).
J
Circumferential
grooves, as in Area
J, are acceptable
if less than 0.06 in.
(1.5 mm) deep.
In addition, follow the
recommendations of
the vehicle and rotor
manufacturer.
Note: Axles should
have either all Bendix
Splined Disc (or all
conventional) rotors.
Figure 25 - examples of acceptable and non-acceptable rotor conditions
13
Machining of Bendix® Splined Disc® rotors is
not permitted.
CAUTION: Always maintain air disc brake pads and rotors
within specifications. Excessive pad or rotor wear will
degrade braking performance.
1
Caliper
5
9
Inner Boot Guide Pin
7
Brass Bushing
10
Cap
Periodic inspection of the Bendix Splined Disc attachment
hardware is recommended to ensure optimum braking
performance. Bendix recommends verifying the torque on
the spring element fasteners whenever a brake inspection
is performed.
long
bearing side
WARNING! After machining/turning,
the minimum rotor thickness for Bendix®
brand rotors must be at least 1.535 - 1.575 in.
(39 - 40 mm.) - for other brands, consult the
manufacturer’s guidelines. Also, Check the
vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations.
Failure to comply may result in brake failure
and in serious injury or death. MACHINING of
Bendix splined disc rotors is not permitted.
short
bearing side
4.4.4 Rotor Replacement
An axle is permitted to have only all Bendix Splined
Disc, or all conventional, rotors.
When replacing rotors, be sure to adhere to the vehicle
manufacturer’s recommendations, including bolt tightening
torques. It is recommended to install only Bendix® brand
rotors, and also that the pads should be replaced (as an
axle set) at the same time.
Non-Bendix® brand rotors. If a non-Bendix® brand rotor is
used, confirm that it complies to the vehicle manufacturer’s
recommendations.
6 Guide Sleeve
Outboard
Caliper
Movement
Inboard
39
Caliper Bolt
68
Cap
9 Inner Boot
4 Guide Pin
Figure 26 - guide pins
12 Pad Assembly
CAUTION: The use of non-approved brake rotors may
reduce levels of safety and invalidate the warranty.
1
Carrier
See Section 5.7 for re-installation procedures.
4.5 Guide Pin Bearing Inspection
CAUTION: Follow all safe maintenance practices.
This guide pin inspection should be carried out if the
technician cannot move the caliper during a Caliper
Movement Test (Sections 2.2 and/or 4.1).
Measure the range of travel along the guide pin
bearings:
4.5.1 Remove the Pads (See Section 4.3). Using hand
pressure only (no tools), the caliper (1) should slide
freely along the whole length of the guide pins. This
movement should be at least 0.95 inch (25 mm)
when the pads are not present. If the movement
is less than this amount, replace the caliper/carrier
assembly.
14
Magnetic
Dial‑Gauge
Measures
Range Here
2
Caliper
Figure 27 - Magnetic dial-gauge in use
Measure the “play” (range of movement) in the guide
pin bearings:
4.5.2 See Figures 26 and 27. With the wheel removed,
remove the pad retainer bar (11). Temporarily
replace the pads with two new pads (12). Attach
a magnetic dial-gauge holder to the carrier (2) on
the short bearing side of the caliper (1). Use the
measuring point on the caliper (1) - see the callout
in Figure 27. Press the caliper in the direction of
the carrier (2) and set the dial-gauge to zero.
4.5.3 Place a suitable tool (e.g. a large flat-blade
screwdriver) between carrier (2) and caliper (1) and
use light hand force to move the caliper away from
the carrier, until the movement stops. Read the
maximum value on the dial-gauge. See Figure 27.
If the value is greater than 0.039 in. (1.0 mm), replace
the guide pin bushings (See Section 5.6) OR replace the
caliper/carrier assembly (See Section 5.3).
Inspect the guide pin inner boots:
4.5.4 See Figures 28 and 29. With the pads removed,
slide the carrier by hand to the inboard position (See
Figure 28). By looking through the opening where
the pads are installed — and also from below —
inspect the inner boot (9) for each of the guide pins.
Inspect for damage, cuts and cracks.
Replace damaged boots immediately to prevent
dirt and/or moisture affecting the movement of the
guide pins (See Section 5.4). Damaged or corroded
guide pins will impair the operation of the brake.
In addition, during installation, the boots are
compressed to minimize the amount of air trapped
within them. Observe as you move the carrier back
towards the outboard position; the boots should only
expand outwards a small amount due to trapped
air. The boots should normally (due to their ribbed
construction) contract back into place as the caliper
moves on the guide pins. The boots are not airtight and so some trapped air is normal; excess air
trapped will dissipate.
4.6 Tappet and Boot Assembly
Inspection
4.6.1 In order to inspect the tappet and boot assembly,
remove the pads (12) (See Sections 4.3 or 5.2) and
advance the shear adapter (61) clockwise.
CAUTION: Never extend the tappet more than
1.75 in. (44.5 mm). See Figure 29. Over-extending the
tappet will result in the tappet losing engagement with
the synchronizing mechanism. Since the mechanism
can only be set at the manufacturing plant, the caliper/
carrier assembly must be replaced if this happens.
4.6.2 Inspect the tappet and boot assemblies
(13) for evidence of damage, cuts,
cracks, tears and evidence of
corrosion, etc. Damaged boots lead to the
penetration of dirt and moisture, and can lead to
corrosion and impair the operation of the brake.
Replace as necessary (See Section 5.5).
13
Extend LESS THAN
1.75 in. (44.5 mm.)
Figure 29 - permitted tappet extension
Where the tappets and boots pass the inspection, retract
the tappets using the shear adapter.
Inspect
Boot
Figure 28 - Guide pin boot inspection (this image does
not show the carrier)
4.5.5 Inspect the original pads (See Section 4.3) and they
may be reused if they are in good condition with
sufficient pad thickness.
When installed, the boots are compressed to minimize the
amount of air trapped within them. Observe as you move
the tappet back using the shear adapter; the boots should
only expand outwards a small amount due to trapped air.
The boots should normally (due to their ribbed construction)
contract back into place as the tappets move. Note: If the
bellows have excess air trapped, then with the tappets
retracted, remove and re-install the actuator to vent the
excess trapped air (See Section 5.4).
Follow the reinstallation steps for the brake pads (See
Section 5.2).
15
Section five: Maintenance Kits and procedures
Section Five
SectionPage
SectionPage
5.0
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
Maintenance Kits . . . . . . . 16-18
Air Disc Brake Shield Kit . . . . .
19
Pad Replacement . . . . . . .
20
Caliper/Carrier/Actuator Assembly . 22-23
Type A
(Fixed pin)
(Wheel turns toward
fixed pin side of
Type B
ADB)
Spring/Service Brake . . . . . .
Tappet & Boot, and Tappet Inner Seal
Guide Pin and Boot Assemblies . . Bendix® Splined Disc® Hub Rotor . .
35
44
Pad Retainer Pin
11 Pad Retainer
18/1 Spring Brake
Actuator
18/2
Service
Actuator
26 Spring Clip
12/2 Pad Holder Spring
Wheel Rotation
(typically right hand)
Shield
Kit
(Drive or
Steer)
45
Washer
Wheel Rotation
12/1 Pad
(typically left hand)
(Pad Assembly
consists of
12/1 plus 12/2)
10
40
Cap
5 Caliper
Guide Bolt
7
Brass
Bushing
Pin
68
Cap
39 Caliper Bolt
22
Inner Seal
161
Tappet Bushing
13 Tappet
and Boot
Assembly
4 Guide Pin
Actuator
Hardware
61 37*
Shear
Adapter
*37 Adjuster
Caps (2 styles
supplied in kits)
6 Guide Sleeve
Carrier
Mounting
Hardware
1
Caliper
(or Caliper Kit)
U-shaped Rotor
9
58 Inner Boot
Ring
Bendix® ADB22X™
Anchor Plate
2A
Bendix®
ADB22X™
Carrier
(Rotor Shield for Trailers)
U-shaped
Rotor
Fasteners
2B
Bendix®
ADB22X-V™
Carrier
SD-1
Drive Hub
SD-2
Splined Disc Rotor
Hardware
SD-1, -2, -3
®
SD-3
Splined Disc® Rotor
(SD)
Bendix®
ADB22X-V™
Anchor Plate
See Section 5.2 for
exploded view of electronic
wear indicator.
Steer Hub
Figure 30 - exploded view - Bendix® ADB22X ™ and ADB22X-V ™ Air Disc Brakes
16
. 24
25-28
29-34
35-37
Carrier
Mounting
Hardware
5.0 Maintenance Kits for Bendix® ADB22X™ and 22X-v™ Air disc Brakes
Below is a list of some of the available kits. See Figure 30 for an exploded view showing the components listed.
Kit
Piece
Number
Pad Kit (axle set)
K070796
Splint Kit (box of 25)
803151
Components Included in Kit
(11, 12/1, 12/2, 26, 37, 44, 45, 61)
(26)
Shear Adapter (box of 10)
802455
Tappet/Boot Kit (wheel end kit)
K092079
Adjuster Cover (box of 10)
802643
(37)
Guide Pin, Seal and Boot Kit
(wheel end kit)
803114
(4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 37, 39, 40, 58, 61, 68)
Guide Pin Boot Kit
K023768
(9, 10, 37, 39, 40, 58, 61, 68)
II14525
K021964
K028039
White (5 grams)
White (500 grams)
Bendix® Type 14 Universal (9, 18/2)
K028226
Bendix® Type 16 Universal (9, 18/2)
K028022
Bendix® Type 18 Universal (9, 18/2)
K028225
Bendix® Type 20 Universal (9, 18/2)
K028238
Bendix® Type 22 Universal (9, 18/2)
K028252
Bendix® Type 24 Universal (9, 18/2)
K027557
Bendix® Type 18/16 Piston Style Truck/Trailer Universal (1, 18/1)
K025670
Bendix® Type 18/24 Piston Style Truck/Trailer Universal (1, 18/1)
K025669
Bendix® Type 20/24 Piston Style Truck/Trailer Universal (1, 18/1)
K042457
Bendix® Type 16/24 Double Diaphragm Style (35)
K043329
Bendix® Type 18/24 Double Diaphragm Style (35)
K041960
Bendix® Type 20/24 Double Diaphragm Style (35)
K043148
Bendix® Type 22/24 Double Diaphragm Style (35)
K043270
Bendix® Type 24/24 Double Diaphragm Style (35)
K081142
K081143
802984
802985
K081256
K081257
K081258
K081259
K019180
K019181
K051853
K043288
K056559
K020505
12 Degree Steer and Drive Axial “A” (2A, 1)
12 Degree Steer and Drive Axial “B” (2A, 1)
Zero Degree Trailer Axial “A” (2A, 1) [Zero degree dual-beam carrier.]
Zero Degree Trailer Axial “B” (2A, 1)
12 Degree Steer and Drive Vertical “A” (2B, 1)
12 Degree Steer and Drive Vertical “B” (2B, 1)
12 Degree Steer and Drive Axle “A” (1)
12 Degree Steer and Drive Axle “B” (1)
Zero Degree Trailer Axle “A” (1)
Zero Degree Trailer Axle “B” (1)
Steer and Drive Axle, Axial (2A, 9, 10, 20, 39, 40, 58, 61, 68)
Trailer Axle, Axial (2A, 9, 10, 20, 39, 40, 58, 61, 68)
Steer and Drive Axle, Vertical (2B, 9, 10, 20, 39, 40, 58, 61, 68)
Splined Disc® Brake - Aluminum - FF Steer, LMS Bearing Package (Steer Hub)
803134
Splined Disc® Brake - Aluminum - FL Steer, LMS Bearing Package (Steer Hub)
802847
Splined Disc® Brake - Aluminum - R Drive, LMS Bearing Package (Drive Hub)
Guide Pin Grease
Service Actuators
NG-3 Piston Style
Spring Brake Chambers
Double-Diaphragm Style
Spring Brake Chambers
Caliper-Carrier Assembly
(Includes 803114)
Caliper Kit
(rationalized)
Includes 803114
Carrier Kit
Hubs
Bendix® Splined Disc® Rotor Attaching Kit
Table 2 - Maintenance Kits
(61)
(13, 22, 161)
K020514
Splined Disc® Brake - Aluminum - FF Steer, Standard Bearing Package* (Steer Hub)
803138
Splined Disc® Brake - Aluminum - FL Steer, Standard Bearing Package* (Steer Hub)
802859
Splined Disc® Brake - Aluminum - R Drive, Standard Bearing Package* (Drive Hub)
K045298
Splined Disc® - Aluminum - "TN" Trailer, Standard Bearing Package* (Drive Hub)
K045297
See hub
supplier
for these
standard
hub
products
K037767
Splined Disc® - Aluminum - "TP" Trailer, Standard Bearing Package* (Drive Hub)
U-shaped - Iron/Aluminum, LMS/Standard Bearing Packages
Flat - Iron/Aluminum, LMS/Standard Bearing Packages
All Splined Disc® Rotor Applications (SD-1, SD-2, SD-3)
(Continues over)
17
Piece
Number
Kit
Rotors
Shields
802081
K038573
802082
K038574
802083
802569
803129
803130
802948
K032135
k022168
Components Included in Kit
Severe Duty 138mm U-shaped Rotor and Fasteners
Heavy Duty 138mm U-shaped Rotor and Fasteners
Severe Duty 150mm U-shaped Rotor and Fasteners
Heavy Duty 150mm U-shaped Rotor and Fasteners
Severe-Duty Splined Disc Kit (SD-1, SD-2, SD-3, SD)
Heavy-Duty Splined Disc Kit (SD-1, SD-2, SD-3, SD)
(Dana) Trailer Axle Pad & Rotor Shield Kit
Axial Drive Axle Pad & Rotor Shield Kit
Pad Shield Kit
Vertical Drive Axle Pad & Rotor Shield Kit
Vertical Drive Axle Rotor Shield
Table 2 - Maintenance Kits (continued)
See the Bendix Quick Reference Catalog (BW1114) for maintenance kits for other Bendix® brand Air Disc Brakes.
5.0.1 General information about
Bendix® air DISC brake maintenance
•
When replacing bearings — or for any other
maintenance procedure where the technician needs
to remove the caliper/carrier assembly from the vehicle
to perform the maintenance — replacement caliper/
carrier bolts will be required. Please note that due
to the high torque required, the original bolts cannot
be reused. The bolts are available from the vehicle
manufacturer.
•
WARNING: Not all wheels and valve stems are
compatible with Bendix Air Disc Brakes. Use only
wheels and valve stems approved by the vehicle
manufacturer to avoid risk of valve stem shear and
other compatibility issues.
When working on Bendix® Air Disc brakes, please note
the following:
•
Read and follow the Safe Maintenance Practices on
page two.
•
Depending on the particular axle, the technician may
need to remove the caliper/carrier to allow sufficient
access to perform the work.
•
CAUTION: When using a hoist to support the air
disc brake, do not attempt to use the pad retainer
bar as a bracing point as it is not designed to
support the weight of the brake. Instead use a
brace (or chain) wrapped around the entire brake
to attach the hoist.
Kit
See
Section
5.0.2 Service DVD
Order part number BW7356 for a DVD showing the full
set of maintenance procedures included in this Service
Data sheet.
Remove
Brake Pads?
Section 5.2
Remove Caliper/
Carrier from
Vehicle?
Remove
Actuator from
Caliper?
Section 5.3
Section 5.4
Dust Shields
Section 5.1
Not Typically
NA
NA
Pad Kit (axle set)
Section 5.2
Yes
No
No
Caliper Kit (rationalized)
Section 5.3
Yes
Yes
Yes
Carrier Kit
Section 5.3
Yes
Yes
Yes
Service Actuator
Section 5.4
No
Not Typically
Yes
Spring Brake Actuator
Section 5.4
No
Not Typically
Yes
Tappet/Boot Kit (wheel end kit)
Section 5.6
Yes
Typically
Typically
Guide Pin, Seal and Boot Kit (wheel end kit)
Section 5.7
Yes
Typically
Typically
Hubs
Section 5.8
Yes
Yes
Yes
Splined Disc® Rotor Attaching Kit
Section 5.9
Yes
Yes
Yes
Rotor
Section 5.10
Yes
Yes
Yes
Table 3 - Other required sections for Maintenance kits
18
5.1 Air disc brake shield kit
5.1.1 CAUTION: Follow all safe maintenance
practices, including those listed on page two of
this document. Park the vehicle (by other means
than the foundation brakes) on level ground and
chock the wheels.
Note: Most torque plates manufactured after January 1,
2007 have the required torque plate tabs to permit these
shields to be mounted.
5.1.2 Remove and discard the spring clip and washer
from the pad retainer pin. Remove and retain the
retainer bar and retainer pin. Position the pad shield
as shown and re-insert the retainer bar. Install
the retainer pin. Use the included spring clip and
washer to secure the retainer pin. Check that the
pad shield is held securely in place by the retainer
bar. See Figure 31 or 32.
Spring
Clip
Washer
This shield kit includes a brake pad shield, a rotor shield
and the required attaching hardware for use in Bendix®
ADB22X™ and ADB22X-V™ Air Disc Brake applications
where external contamination and excessive road debris is
a concern. Brake pad and rotor shields can greatly reduce
damage and/or premature wear of pads and rotors under
these conditions.
Pad Shield
During installation, verify that once the shield(s) are
installed they will not come into contact with any vehicle
components, suspension, housings, etc. through the full
range of motion of the wheel. Keep in mind the particular
use of the vehicle, the orientation of the brake on the axle
and torque plate, the proximity of other axles, and/or the
wheel/tire being used.
Rotor Shield
Torque
Plate
Fastener
Washer
Spring
Clip
Fastener
(with Washer)
Lock
Washer
Rotor
Shield
Pad Shield
Figure 32 - Trailer Axle Exploded view with inset
showing rotor shield installation
5.1.3 Drive or Steer Axle Rotor Shields (See Figure
31). Position the rotor shield between the torque
plate and the rotor. The supplied cap screws
pass through the mounting tabs in the torque plate
and install into the shield. Torque cap screws to
44 Ft. Lbs. (528 in. lbs.).
Rotor Shield
Fastener
Torque
Plate
Fastener
Rotor Shield
Figure 31 - Drive or Steer Axle Exploded view with
inset showing rotor shield installation
5.1.4 Trailer Axle Rotor Shields (See Figure 32).
Position the rotor shield with the torque plate
between the shield and the rotor. With one
(supplied) lock washer in place on each cap screw,
pass the screws through the shield before mounting
onto the threaded torque plate holes. Torque the
cap screws to 24 ft. lbs. (288 in. lbs.).
Note: The installation of air disc brake shields does not
eliminate the need for periodic maintenance and inspection
of the air disc brake and entire wheel end for damage and/
or wear. In addition, the truck and trailer manufacturer’s
specific criteria for the brake shield requirements on air
disc brakes should be consulted before either installing or
removing air disc brake shields from a wheel end(s).
19
5.2 Pad Replacement
5.2.1 CAUTION: Follow all safe maintenance
practices, including those listed on page two of
this document. Park the vehicle (by other means
than the foundation brakes) on level ground and
chock the wheels.
The Bendix DVD (BW7356) shows this procedure.
Important: If the vehicle is equipped with spring brakes,
cage the spring brakes on all axles to be worked on.
Consult the vehicle manufacturer’s instructions as
necessary. For Bendix piston-style, see Section 5.4.
ELECTRONIC WEAR
104
SENSOR
(if installed) Cable Protection
Plate
101
Sensor
101
Sensor
and retain the mounting hardware for the cable
protection plate. The cable protection plate can
then be set aside while servicing the pads. Note the
position of the sensors in the brake pad channels,
and carefully remove them. In most cases you do
not need to release the cable connector in order to
move the sensors away from the pad installation
work area. Inspect the wear sensors - replace if
damaged or abraded.
5.2.4 See Figure 34. Remove and discard the pin
retention clip (26) and washer (5).
105
Cable Guide
(2 alternate
designs used)
44
Pin
11 Pad Retainer Bar
45 Washer
103
Cable to Electrical
Supply
26 Spring Clip
Figure 34 - Pad retainer bar removal
44
5.2.5 While pressing against the pad retainer bar, remove
the pin (11). Discard the pad retainer bar.
45
11
26
2
ard
tbo
Ou
12
5.2.6 With the spring brake released (or caged), remove
the adjuster cap (37) using the tab, taking care not
to move the shear adapter (61). Note: Two sizes
of adjuster cap are supplied in kits; use the same
size as before in step 5.2.20.
5.2.7 Inspect the shear adapter (61). If significant
corrosion and/or damage is present, remove the
adjuster adapter using needle-nose pliers and
replace with the adapter supplied in the kit and
clean as necessary.
d
oar
Inb
37
Cap
23 Adjuster
61 Adapter
37
61
Figure 33 - Pad replacement
5.2.2 Raise the complete axle to be worked on until the
tires clear the ground. See the vehicle maintenance
manual instructions for removing the wheels.
5.2.3 If the air disc brake is equipped with an electronic
wear sensor indicator (see top of Figure 33), remove
20
Tab
37
Cap
Tab
Figure 35 - Exploded view Figure 36 - CAP INSTALLED:
of adjuster and adapter tab location
For illustration purposes, the exploded view (Figure 35)
shows the adjuster (23) and shear adapter (61) separated.
When using the adjuster mechanism, always have the
shear adapter installed on the adjuster.
CAUTION: Never turn the adjuster (23) without the
shear adapter (61) installed. The shear adapter is a
safety feature and is designed to prevent too much
torque being applied. The shear adapter will fail (by
breaking) if too much torque is used.
Note: For wheel-ends with spring brakes, if a shear adapter
fails, always double-check to verify that the spring brake
has been released (or caged). If the spring brake is applied,
release or cage the brake (assure that the air system
pressure is at least 90 PSI) and start the procedure again.
If the shear adapter fails, you may attempt a second time
with a new (unused) shear adapter. In cases where a
second failure of the shear adapter confirms that the
adjustment mechanism is seized, the caliper must be
replaced.
5.2.8 Use a 10 mm., six-point box wrench (See Figure 37)
to turn the adjuster counterclockwise until sufficient
space exists to remove the brake pads. A clicking
noise occurs each time the adjuster turns.
Caution! Avoid overloading or damaging the adjuster
shaft. Do not use an open‑ended wrench since it may
damage the adjuster shaft.
Use these two inspections:
A. Check for uneven end-to-end pad wear. If
the difference in wear is greater than 0.080 in.
(2 mm.), replace the brake pads and also inspect
the guide pins (See Section 4.5).
B. Compare the thickness of the inboard and
outboard pads of each set. If the difference
between the inboard and outboard pad thickness
is greater than 0.138 in. (3.5 mm.), replace the
brake pads and inspect the guide pins (See
Section 4.5).
5.2.12Inspect the Brake Rotor (See Section 4.4).
5.2.13Inspect the guide pins (See Section 4.5).
Important: To maintain optimal braking, Bendix
strongly recommends that whenever brake pads
are replaced, the complete axle set be replaced
together. Use only pads which are permitted by the
vehicle manufacturer, axle manufacturer, and/or disc
brake manufacturer. Failure to comply with this may
invalidate the vehicle manufacturer’s warranty.
Before installing the brake pads, use the adjuster to
fully retract the tappets to provide adequate clearance.
5.2.14Clean the surfaces that will come in contact with
the brake pad.
Caution: When installing pads and retaining springs,
where appropriate, use heavy duty gloves and always
keep fingers away from potential pinch hazard areas.
2
Figure 37 - backing off the Adjuster for pad removal
d
oar
Inb
ard
tbo
u
O
12
Figure 39 - Pad Retaining Spring Installation
Inboard Pad
Figure 38 - Pad removal
5.2.9 See Figure 38. Move the caliper fully inward and
remove the inboard pad, then move the caliper fully
outward and remove the outboard pad.
5.2.10 Repeat the pad removal procedure for the other
end of the axle.
5.2.11 To confirm that the guide pins are sliding freely,
examine the pads just removed for uneven wear.
5.2.15Install the pad retaining springs(2) onto the brake
pads(12) by inserting one end of the spring onto
the lug at the top of the brake pad (See Figure 39).
Carefully apply enough force to permit the second
lug to fully engage, taking care to keep fingers etc.
away from the spring as it seats.
5.2.16Pull the caliper fully outward and install the outboard
pad. Move the caliper fully inward and install the
inboard pad.
5.2.17To reinstall wear indicators (if used): Insert the
wear sensors into position in the new brake
pads. Route the sensor cable through the cable
protection plate channel and secure the plate with
the mounting hardware retained at disassembly.
(See Section 5.2.)
21
5.3 Ca
liper/carrier/actuator
assembly
CAUTION: Follow all safe maintenance practices,
including those listed on page two of this document.
Park the vehicle (by other means than the foundation
brakes) on level ground and chock the wheels.
Figure 40 - Running Clearance Adjustment
5.2.18Using a 10 mm., six-point box wrench, turn the
Shear Adapter (61) clockwise until the pads contact
the rotor. Note: Do not use an open-ended wrench
as this may damage the adapter. (See Figure 40).
5.2.19Using the same tool, turn the Shear Adapter (61)
counter-clockwise and listen for the sound of 3
clicks as the mechanism backs-off (increases) the
running clearance. (See Figure 37).
5.2.20Select the correct replacement adjuster cap from
those supplied with the kit. Lightly grease adjuster
cap with Renolit HLT2 white grease (part number
14525) and install the cap.
5.2.21Push the new pad retainer bar (11) into the groove
of the caliper. Press down on the pad retainer bar,
and insert the pad retainer pin (44), with the pin
pointing downwards, where possible. Install the
supplied washer (45) and then the spring clip (26).
(See Figure 34).
5.2.22Apply and release the brakes. The hub should
turn easily by hand after applying and releasing the
brake.
CAUTION: When using a hoist to support the air disc
brake, do not attempt to use the pad retainer bar as a
bracing point. It is not designed to support the weight
of the brake. Use instead a brace (or chain) wrapped
around the entire brake to attach the hoist.
5.3.1 In all cases check that the current hose routing
arrangement does not restrict the full travel of the
caliper before beginning work on the assembly.
5.3.2 Remove the brake pads (See Section 5.2).
5.3.3 (See Section 5.4). If the actuator used is a spring
brake, following the manufacturer’s guidelines, cage
the spring. With all air pressure drained from the
system, disconnect the air hoses from the brake
chamber.
Vertical Mounting Bolt Style
Caliper/Carrier Assembly (Showing
Spring Brake Actuator )
Alignment
Bushing
Anchor Plate/
Torque Plate
5.2.23Re-check the running clearance. Readjust if
necessary.
5.2.24Reinstall the wheel, following the vehicle manual
instructions.
WARNING!
The brake pads and rotor must be maintained within
the recommended wear limits. Failure to monitor wear
and replace the brake pads and rotor when required
may result in diminished brake performance.
Alignment
Bushing
Mounting Bolts
(6 total - washers
not required)
Figure 41 - vertical mount caliper/carrier
5.3.4 See Figure 41. Supporting the air disc brake by
necessary means, remove the six (6) mounting
bolts/washers and discard. Note: Bendix strongly
recommends that during re-assembly these bolts
are replaced - see your vehicle manufacturer for
replacement hardware. Lift the caliper up off the
anchor plate.
The vertical bolt assembly includes an alignment bushing.
This bushing must be saved for re-use during reassembly of the brake. The bushing mounts in the torque
plate and maintains the correct alignment of the brake
assembly relative to the rotor.
22
5.3.5 If the brake assembly does not separate from the
anchor plate it may be helpful to install an M16X2.0
screw longer than 120 mm at the bushing locations
and tap the end of the bolt with a hammer to free
the brake assembly. Remove the assembly.
Caliper/Carrier
Assembly
(Actuator not
shown)
Axial Mounting Bolt Style
Mounting Bolts
and Washers
(6 sets total)
5.3.6 Disconnect the air hose(s) to the brake chamber.
See Figure 42. Supporting the air disc brake by
necessary means, remove the six bolts attaching
the brake to the anchor plate and remove the
caliper/carrier assembly from the vehicle.
Note: Bendix strongly recommends that during re-assembly
these bolts and washers are replaced. See your vehicle
manufacturer for replacement hardware. Remove the
assembly.
Anchor Plate/
Torque Plate
Re-installation (Both Styles)
5.3.7 Supporting the air disc brake by necessary means,
attach the brake to the anchor plate using six
(new) bolts. Torque to vehicle manufacturer’s
specifications. If torque values and bolts are not
specified by the vehicle manufacturer, then select
a replacement bolt as shown in Table 4.
Figure 42 - Axial mount caliper/carrier
5.3.8 Re-install the air hoses (See Section 5.4.8-9) and
check for leaks.
5.3.9 Inspect and re-install the pads (See Section 5.2).
Air Disc Brake Attachment Hardware
Torque Plate Manufacturer
Fastener
Bendix Axial
Carrier Torque Plate
Fastener: M20 x 2.5 x 60 mm Class 10.9
Washer: Requires a THROUGH
HARDENED 3 mm (minimum thickness) for
each bolt.1 If the vehicle is using a Bendix
manufactured Axial Anchor Plate, with a
thickness of 1.14 in. (29 mm) where these
bolts are assembled, then a bolt with an
overall length of 2.36 in. (60 mm) will meet
these requirements
Torque
Use the manufacturer’s recommendations.
If unavailable, use phosphate
and oil finish fastener.
Pre-Torque: 20-60 ft-lbf [27-81 N·m]
Final Torque: 350-400 ft-lbf [475-542 N·m]
Bendix Vertical
Carrier Torque Plate
Fastener: M16 x 2.0 x 110 mm, Class 10.9
Washer: None required.
Trailer Torque Plate
Fastener: M20 x 2.5 x L Class 10.9
Length determination:
L = Torque Plate (TP) thickness + Carrier
engagement + Washer thickness
Lmin = TP thickness + 24 mm + 3 mm
Lmax = TP thickness + 29 mm + 3 mm
Washer: Requires THROUGH HARDENED
3 mm (minimum thickness) for each bolt.1
Use the manufacturer’s recommendations.
If unavailable, use plain and oil finish fastener.
Torque: 200-220 ft-lbf [271-298 N·m]
Use the manufacturer’s recommendations.
If unavailable, use phosphate
and oil finish fastener:
Pre-Torque: 20-60 ft-lbf [27-81 N·m]
Final Torque: 350-400 ft-lbf [475-542 N·m]
Footnote 1 CAUTION: The washer outside diameter must be less than 1.5 in (37.5 mm).
Recommended washers conform to DIN125-21-300HV, ISO7089-20-300HV, or ISO7090-20-300HV.
Table 4 - Torque plate fasteners and torque recommendations (see Manufacturer’S recommendations)
23
5.4 Spring or Service Brake
5.4.1CAUTION: Follow all safe maintenance
practices, including those listed on page two of
this document. Park the vehicle (by other means
than the foundation brakes) on level ground and
chock the wheels.
5.4.2Use the spring brake manufacturer’s recommended safety practices in all cases.
Some spring brake and vehicle manufacturers
permit caging the spring brake while the spring
brake is engaged.
The following instructions are for Bendix®
brand piston-style actuators.
5.4.3 With the vehicle on a level surface and the wheels
properly chocked, apply air to release the spring
brakes (parking brakes) by using the dash-mounted
air control valve. Back out the release bolt (Figure
43, arrow “D”), using a maximum torque of 26 ft. lbs.
(35 N·m) to cage the air released spring force on
the push rod.
A
B
A
D
18/1
C
Figure 44 - spring brake installation
CAUTION: Do not use brake chambers with seals that
have a thickness less than 0.12 in. (3 mm). Use only
actuators which are recommended by the vehicle
manufacturer.
5.4.7 Install the brake chamber using new self-locking
nuts (EN ISO 10513). Alternately tighten both the
nuts step by step up to a final torque of 133 ± 7 ft. lbs
(180 ± 10 N·m). Bendix strongly recommends
that new nuts be used.
5.4.8 Re-connect the air hose(s) and be sure that each
hose is not twisted or in contact with moving vehicle
components. The air hose routing must allow for full
caliper travel. Note that for spring brake service
chambers the ports are indicated by: “11” Service
Brake Port and “12” Spring Brake Port
B
Figure 43 - Actuator spring caging and removal
Figure 45 - Port designations
5.4.4 Exhaust the air from the brake chambers by using
the dash-mounted air control valve. With all air
pressure drained from the system, disconnect the
air hoses from the brake chamber. While supporting
the brake chamber in position, remove and discard
the brake chamber mounting nuts (Figure 45,
arrows marked “B”). Remove the brake chamber.
Note: Where a new spring brake chamber is being
installed, note that in some cases drain plugs are installed
(See Figure 43, arrows marked “A”). Where drain plugs
are present, after installation, remove whichever plug is
at the lowest position. The selected drain hole must be
aligned downwards (or within ±30°) when installed on the
vehicle. In the case of spring brake chambers, install the
pads before uncaging the spring.
5.4.5 Re-installation. Before installing the brake chamber,
the actuator flange (See Figure 46, arrow “C”) must be
cleaned and inspected. Consult the vehicle manual.
The spherical cup in the lever (19) must be greased
with white grease (Part No. 14525 or K021964).
Add grease to the rubber gasket on the chamber.
CAUTION: Do not use grease containing molybdenum
disulfate.
5.4.6The seal, as well as the push rod area, must be
clean and dry.
24
5.4.9 Before returning vehicle to service, with the system
pressurized, using a soap solution, check for air
leakage. Minimal leakage in the area around the
diaphragm is permitted (100 SCCM), and a one-inch
bubble in one minute at the hose fitting is acceptable.
If abnormal leakage is detected, the diaphragm must
be replaced, or fitting adjusted, respectively.
5.5Tappet & boot Assemblies, and
tappet inner seal Replacement
22
Inner Seal
11
Pad Retainer
5.5.1 CAUTION: Follow all safe maintenance
practices, including those listed on page two of
this document. Park the vehicle (by other means
than the foundation brakes) on level ground and
chock the wheels.
13 Tappet
and
Boot Assy
In some cases, the technician will need to remove the caliper
carrier assembly from the vehicle. (See Section 5.3.) Note
that new bolts (available from the vehicle manufacturer)
will be needed for re-installation.
Important: If the vehicle is equipped with spring brakes,
cage the spring brakes on all axles requiring work.
Consult the vehicle manufacturer’s instructions as
necessary. This procedure may be carried out with
the air disc brake installed on, or removed from, the
vehicle. In cases where the caliper/carrier assembly
is removed from the vehicle, NEW fasteners must be
used and properly torqued during re-installation. Use
only fasteners approved by the vehicle manufacturer.
Note: This maintenance procedure uses specialized
tools. The full Bendix air disc brake tool kit (K029164),
or Ken-Tool kit (80000), includes the complete set of
tools required for all permitted maintenance procedures.
Alternately, for locations where only the tappet and boot
replacement procedures will be performed, the smaller
Bendix tool kit (K028829), or Ken‑Tool kit (80001) will
suffice. The DVD (BW7356) shows this procedure.
Bendix
Number/
Ken-Tool
Number
Description
T1 / KT01
Cup
T2 / KT02
Handle for KT01 cup
T3 / KT03
Swivel assembly
(KT03-1 short body
+ KT03‑2 brass disc
+ KT03-3 retaining
spring)
Typical Tool View
44 Pad Retainer Pin
26
Spring Clip
45
Washer
12
Pad
Assembly
161
Tappet
Bushing
13
Tappet
and Boot
Assembly
61
Shear
Adapter
161
Tappet
Bushing
22 Inner Seal
6 Adjuster Cap
Figure 46 - ADB Exploded and section views
5.5.2 Pad Removal: follow Sections 5.2.1-5.2.11 for
removal of the brake pads.
5.5.3 Inspect the Brake Rotor (See Section 4.4).
Tappet and Boot Assembly (13) Removal
CAUTION: Never extend the tappet more than
1.75 in. (44.5 mm). See Figure 47. Over-extending the
tappet will result in the tappet losing engagement with
the threads of the synchronizing mechanism. Since
the mechanism can only be set at the manufacturing
plant, the caliper/carrier assembly must be replaced
if this happens.
B
13
T4 / KT04
Long strut
T9 / KT09
Flange
T15 / KT015 Fork
13
Extend
Less Than
1.75 in.
(44.5 mm)
Figure 47 - permitted tappet extension
T24 / KT024 Black Nylon Disc
5.5.4 See Figure 47. Extend the tappets — less than
1.75 in. (44.5 mm) — by turning the shear adapter
(61) clockwise. A screwdriver (callout “B” in
Table 5 - tappet and boot replacement tools
25
Figure 47 inset) should be used to move the boot
and allow the wedge fork (“A” in Figure 48) to be
inserted.
CAUTION: Do not insert the screw driver more
than ¼ inch. Take care not to damage the
inner sealing face (see arrow “X” in Figure 48).
Gouges or grooves will prevent a good seal and
will require that the caliper be replaced.
13
T15
5.5.9 Inspect the inner sealing face for damage. If
damage is found that would cause the inner seals
not to be able to seal properly, the caliper/carrier
assembly must be replaced. Clean the area around
the inner seal.
5.5.10Inspect the threaded tubes (16). See Figures 50
and 51. Extend the tubes, but by less than 1.75 in.
(44.5 mm), by turning the shear adapter (61)
clockwise. Inspect the threads for rust, corrosion, or
damage etc. If there is evidence of damage to the
threads; significant rust; or corrosion, the caliper/
carrier assembly must be replaced.
If the technician is working with the caliper on the
vehicle, the technician may place a new brake pad
(12) into the outboard gap to help avoid the loss
of thread engagement of the threaded tubes. See
Figure 50.
If the work is being carried out at a workbench, the
technician may insert a 2.76 in. (70 mm) spacer
(See callout “E” in Figure 51) into the caliper (1) to
help avoid the loss of thread engagement.
A
22
X
13
161
Figure 48 - wedge tool use
5.5.5 The tappet and boot assemblies (13) can then be
removed from the threaded tubes (16) by using the
wedge fork (T15). Be sure to orient the wedge tool
with the tapered side towards the tappet.
5.5.6 Remove the old tappet bushings (161).
12
16
5.5.7 Retract the threaded tubes by turning the shear
adapter (61) counter-clockwise.
5.5.8 See Figure 49. Carefully remove the inner seal
using one or two flat-blade screwdrivers as shown.
Caution: Do not insert the screwdrivers so far that
they come into contact with the threaded tubes.
Damage to the threaded tubes would require that
the brake be replaced.
46
Figure 50 - Use of a new brake pad as a spacer
2.76 in.
(70 mm)
16
E
1
22
Figure 51 - Use of a spacer (off-vehicle inspection)
A
16
Figure 49 - inner seal removal
26
5.5.11 For threads that are in good condition, grease the
threads with white grease (Part No. 14525 or
K021964). Before installing the replacement inner
seals (22), retract the threaded tubes by turning the
shear adapter (61) counter-clockwise.
Note: If the shear adapter fails while you are retracting
the threaded tubes, you may try again with another
(new) shear adapter. If this also fails, this indicates
that the adjuster mechanism is damaged and the
caliper must be replaced.
To install inner seals where the caliper is on the vehicle:
5.5.12Position the replacement inner seal (22) over the
threaded tube (16). See Figures 52 and 53 for the
tools and installation arrangement used. Position
the L1 (T3 + T9) with the short spacer (T3) in
position as shown in Figure 53. Guide the tool
over the end of the threaded tube (16). Install the
new inner seal (22) into position by rotating the
adjuster nut on the T3 portion of the tool, using an
open-ended wrench.
T9 / KT09
T4 / KT04
T3 / KT03
Figure 54 - On-vehicle inner seal installation tool
(L2)
L2
16
X
T9 / KT09
L2
T3 / KT03
Figure 52 - On-vehicle inner seal tool (L1)
22
Figure 55 - Off-vehicle Inner seal installation
L1
22
X
16
T9
Figure 53 - On-vehicle inner seal installation
To install inner seals where the caliper has been
removed from the vehicle:
5.5.13Position the replacement inner seal (22) over the
threaded tube (16). See Figures 54 and 55 for
the tools and installation arrangement used. The
threaded tubes need to be retracted to allow the
tool to be inserted. Use the combination tool L2
(T4 + T3 + T9) with the long spacer (T4) as shown
in Figure 55. Since the installation tool is guided by
the center post of the threaded tube, advance the
tube a small amount to align the tool and the center
post. Install the new inner seal (22) into position
by rotating the adjuster nut on the T4 portion of the
tool using an open-ended wrench.
CAUTION: To confirm that the inner seal has been
correctly installed, begin to extend the threaded tubes
(16) by turning the shear adapter clockwise by 4-5
turns. Watch as the threaded tube extends. Inner seals
that are installed correctly will not rotate as the
threaded tube extends.
5.5.14Note: Inspect the tappet/boot kit to determine if the
tappets supplied are already pre-greased (a plastic
cover should be present — be sure to remove the
cover when installing the tappet). Only in the case
of kits that are not pre-greased will the installer
need to apply grease to the tappets. In all cases,
the threaded portion of the tubes will need to be
greased. Retract the threaded tubes.
5.5.15Install the new tappet bushing (161) onto the center
post of each threaded tube (16) by hand. By hand,
ease the tappet bushings onto the center post of
the threaded tubes and they will snap into position.
5.5.16The sealing seat in the caliper for tappet and boot
assemblies (13) must be clean and free of grease.
Wipe the opening with a clean shop rag. Place a
tappet and boot assembly (13) in position over the
center post and tappet bushing.
To install tappet and boot assemblies where the caliper
is on the vehicle:
5.5.17See Figures 56, 57 and 58. Use tool B1, comprising
tools T1, T2, and T3 to press the boot into position.
The tool is then reversed, and the nylon disc (T24)
27
is inserted into the T1 “cup” (combination tool ‘B2’).
Holding the T1 handle, turn the nut on the T3 tool to
fully install the tappet onto the tappet bushing (161).
Figure 56 - On vehicle tappet and boot installation
tool (B1 - with T24 installed, B2)
13
B1
Figure 59 - Off vehicle tappet boot installation tool
(B3, with T24 installed, B4)
B3
13
161
Figure 57 - On vehicle tappet boot installation
Figure 60 - Off vehicle tappet boot installation
B2
13
13
B4
Figure 58 - On vehicle tappet installation
To install tappet and boot assemblies where the caliper
is removed from the vehicle:
5.5.18See Figures 59, 60 and 61. Retract the tappets,
as needed, in order to have room to install the
tappets. Use tool B3, comprising tools T1, T2, and
T3 to press the boot into position. The tool is then
reversed, and the nylon disc (T24) is inserted into
the T1 “cup” (combination tool ‘B4’). Holding the
T1 handle, turn the nut on the T3 tool to fully seat
the tappet onto the tappet bushing (161).
Figure 61 - Off vehicle tappet installation
5.5.19Check that the tappets are firmly attached to the
bushings by gripping and pulling lightly on them by
hand. Confirm that the tappets are able to rotate a
small amount on the tappet bushings by grasping
and turning them by hand. Finally, using a box-end
wrench on the shear adapter, extend the threaded
tubes outward, and check that the boots are held
in place. Retract the tappets.
5.5.20Re-install the caliper/carrier assembly, if it was
removed from the vehicle (See Section 5.3).
5.5.21Re-install the brake pads (See Section 5.2).
28
5.6 Guide pin and boot Assemblies
Vertical
Bolt Style
(with
bushing).
Bushing
(6)
Guide Pin
(4)
Caliper Bolt
(39)
Cap
(68)
Inner
Boot
(9)
Ring
(58)
Horizontal
Mounting Bolt
Style Shown:
See Inset Above
for Vertical
Bolt Style (with
bushing).
Shear
Adapter
(61)
Adjuster Cap
(Two alternate
caps supplied in kit)
(37)
Ring
(58)
Inner
Boot
(9)
Guide Pin
(5)
KIT CONTENTS
ItemDescription
Guide Bushing
(7)
Caliper Bolt
(40)
Cap
(10)
4 . . . 5 . . . 6 . . . 7 . . . 9 . . . 10 . . .
37 . . .
39 . . .
40 . . .
58 . . .
61 . . .
68 . . .
Quantity
Guide Pin (Short) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Guide Pin (Long) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Bushing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Guide Bushing (Long) . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Inner Boot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Cap (Small) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Adjuster Cap (Two versions supplied) ��������2
Caliper Bolt (Short) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Caliper Bolt (Long) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Ring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Shear Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Cap (Large) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
(White grease is also supplied - not shown)
Figure 62 - Guide pin EXPLODED VIEW
The Bendix DVD (BW7356) shows this procedure.
5.6.1 CAUTION: Follow all safe maintenance
practices, including those listed on page two of
this document. Park the vehicle (by other means
than the foundation brakes) on level ground and
chock the wheels.
These procedures are typically carried out with the
caliper/carrier removed from the vehicle (may be
carried out with the air disc brake installed). In cases
where the caliper/carrier assembly is removed from
the vehicle, NEW fasteners must be used and properly
torqued during re-installation. Use only fasteners
approved by the vehicle manufacturer.
Important: If the vehicle is equipped with spring brakes,
cage the spring brakes on all axles to be worked on.
Consult the vehicle manufacturer’s instructions as
necessary. For Bendix® brand piston-style spring
brake chambers, see Section 5.4.
Note: This maintenance procedure uses specialized
tools. The full Bendix air disc brake tool kit (K029164),
or Ken-Tool kit (80000), includes the tools needed for the
guide pin and boot installation. See Table 6.
Note that a smaller Bendix tool kit (K029107), or Ken-Tool
kit (80002) may be used where only the guide pins will be
serviced.
29
Bendix
Number/
Ken-Tool
Number
Description
1-3/8 in. diameter disc
T14 / KT14
Brass nut
T06 / KT06
1-1/2 in. diameter disc
T16 / KT16
Dimpling tool
T07 / KT07
2 in. diameter sleeve
T20 / KT20
8 in. bolt
T08 / KT08
2-1/8 in. diameter disc
T21 / KT21
Half sleeve
T10 / KT10
8 in. bolt
T26 / KT26
Cap installation tool
T12 / KT12
3-7/8 in. long sleeve
T27 / KT27
Cap installation tool
T13 / KT13
10 in. bolt
Bendix
Number/
Ken-Tool
Number
Description
T05 / KT05
Typical Tool View
Typical Tool View
Table 6 - Bendix® ADb22X ™ air disc brake guide pin
and seals replacement tools. (a washer is also
included)
5.6.2 Remove the wheel. Refer to the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations.
5.6.3 Remove the brake pads. See Section 5.2.
5.6.4 In most cases, the actuator should be removed. See
Section 5.4. In the case of spring brake actuators,
they should be caged before removing the brake
assembly.
5.6.5 In nearly all cases, the air disc brake caliper/carrier
will need to be removed from the vehicle in order to
complete this procedure. See Section 5.3.
Figure 63 - Punch guide
pin cap (10)
Figure 64 - guide pin cap
(10) hole
Figure 65 - Pry to
remove guide pin cap (10)
Figure 66 - using small
chisel to remove guide
pin cap (68)
5.6.6 Place the brake on a workbench and, using a vice,
secure it by the carrier.
5.6.7 Use a small chisel or similar tool to punch a hole
close to the center of the guide pin cap (10) of the
short guide pin, taking care to only insert the chisel
a small amount. Using the hole just made, pry the
cap off and discard. See Figures 63-65.
30
5.6.8 Remove the other cap (68) that covers the long
guide pin, by using a small chisel and hammer to
apply light blows to the cap, with the chisel aimed
away from the casting. See Figure 66. Discard
both caps.
5.6.9 Using a 14 mm hex
bit socket, remove
and discard the two
caliper bolts (39) and
(40). See Figure 67.
By hand, retract both
guide pins slightly
and then remove
the caliper from the
carrier.
5.6.14Turning the bolt at
the top, draw the
brass nut up, bring
the brass bushing
up and out of the
channel. Discard the
bushing.
Figure 67 - remove the
caliper bolts
The guide pins are now only held by the retaining
rings (58).
5.6.10Remove the boot
retaining rings (58)
and the guide pins
(39) and (40). Use
a screwdriver to pry
out the inner boots
(9). See Figure 68.
Discard the removed
items.
Figure 71 - remove the
long guide pin
Caution: Keep the removal tool exactly aligned with the
guide pin channel to permit the bushing to be removed.
See Figure 72.
T12 / KT12
T13 /
KT13
Figure 68 - remove the
retaining rings, guide
pins, and boots
5.6.11 Clean the caliper upper and lower surfaces around
the bushings.
Bushing
(10)
Installed
T14 / KT14
Grease the bolt prior to each use
Above: Incorrect
Alignment
Washer
Bushing (10)
Removed
Above: Correct
Alignment
Figure 72 - Keep the correct alignment
T12 / KT12
T13 / KT13
T14 / KT14
Figure 69 - brass Bushing removal tool
5.6.12Prepare to remove the brass bushing used in the
long guide pin side. Assemble the long bolt (T13),
washer, and sleeve (T12) as in Figures 69 and 70.
5.6.13Apply grease to the
bolt and — after
inserting through the
guide pin channel —
engage the brass
nut (T14). Always
double-check that
the brass nut is
correctly in place in
the bushing before
beginning to extract
the bushing.
5.6.15Prepare to remove
the short guide pin
bushing by locating
the bushing (6) tab,
and using a small
chisel (narrower than
the tab) or similar
tool, remove the tab
as shown in Figure
73, by striking low on
the base of the tab.
Figure 70 - install the
removal tool
Figure 73 - remove the
tab that holds the
bushing in position
Remove the tab with a magnet and use a clean
shop cloth to remove any excess debris. Note
that in some cases, the tab may be in the opposite
(outer) slot in the bore.
Washer
T21 / KT21
Grease the bolt prior to each use
T20 / KT20
T14 / KT14
Figure 74 - short guide pin removal tool
31
5.6.16Use the tool combination shown in Figures 74 and
75 (comprising T14, T20, T21, and a washer) to
remove the bushing (6). Screw nut (T14) onto the
assembly by hand, then tighten the bolt (T20) using
a box end wrench to draw out the bushing. Discard
the removed bushing, and verify that the bore is
clean by wiping with a shop cloth.
T20
Washer
5.6.20Place a new brass guide bushing (7) on the dimpling
tool (T16) and insert it into the caliper bore.
T14/
KT14
7
T21
7
6
T14
Figure 75 - sectional view: short guide pin bushing
removal
Installation of the Fixed Guide Pin Brass
Bushing
5.6.17Clean the caliper upper and lower surfaces around
the bushings.
5.6.18Clamp the carrier in a vise so that the guide channel
is vertically oriented.
T13 / KT13
Grease the bolt prior to each use
Washer
T14 / KT14
T08 / KT08
T16 / KT16
Figure 76 - Long guide pin bushing installation and
dimpling tool
5.6.19Place the washer and thread the brass nut (T14) on
to the bolt (T13) followed by the flange (T08). See
Figure 76.
View
“A”
View
“B”
View
“C”
Figure 77 - View “a” and “b”: draw the brass bushing
into position. View “C”: lock the bushing into
position
5.6.21Check that the flange (T08) is in an upright position
at the top of the caliper recess as you draw the brass
bushing (7) up, by turning the brass nut (T14), until
the dimpling tool bottoms on the caliper. When it
reaches the correct position, the brass bushing
extends out of the guide pin channel 0.039 in.
(1 mm.).
5.6.22With the dimpling tool (T16) in position, tighten the
screw in its base until it contacts the dimpling screw
housing. The movement of this screw forces three
points outwards, leaving indentations in the brass
bushing. See Figure 77, view “C”.
5.6.23Unscrew the dimpling screw out approximately 0.75
inches (20 mm.). Loosen the brass nut (T14) and
rotate the dimpling tool (T16) 60 degrees. Repeat
the dimpling process by tightening the brass nut
(T14) and then tighten the dimpling screw until it
contacts the dimpling screw housing. Back out the
dimpling screw approximately 0.75 inches (20 mm.).
The brass bushing (7) is now held in position by the
six dimples made by the tool.
5.6.24Remove the installation tools and check the brass
bushing (7), removing any burrs, being careful not
to leave any metal filings in the bushing. Coat the
inside of the bushing with the white grease included
in the kit.
Installation of the Floating Guide Pin Bushing
5.6.25To install the bushing (6) into the short guide pin
side, first inspect the bore for corrosion, damage
etc. Clean as necessary.
32
5.6.26Place the new bushing (6) in position so
that when drawn
into position, the
tab will align with
the slot in the casting. With the tab
aligned, place tool
(T14) over the bushing and tap lightly. To
position the bushing,
see Figure 78.
T20 / KT20
Washer
T06 / KT06
Grease the bolt prior to each use
T10 / KT10
T08 / KT08
Figure 78 - Position the
new bushing
T07 / KT07
Figure 81 - short guide pin boot installation tool
Grease the bolt prior to each use
Washer
T05 / KT05
surface of the caliper is damaged, replace the
caliper.
T08 / KT08
T14 / KT14
Figure 79 - short guide pin bushing installation tool
5.6.27Use the tool combination shown in Figure 79 to
draw the bushing (6) into the caliper. See also
Figure 80, to see the orientation (with tool T14 at
the top). Hand tighten the nut (T14) into position.
Then tighten the bolt (T20) using a box end wrench
or socket to draw the bushing (6) into the caliper
until the bushing (6) contacts the machined step in
the bore. Remove the tool.
5.6.31See Figure 82. Place
a boot into the installation tool (T7),
making sure that
the inner bellows
are arranged close
to the side walls of
the tool and will not
be damaged during installation. Also
check that the outer
edge of the boot
rests on the front
edge of the tool.
Figure 82 - Position
the new boot in the
installation tool (T7)
5.6.32Using 70 in. lbs. (8 N·m) of torque maximum, tighten
bolt (T10) to install the inner boot.
5.6.33Repeat the installation procedure for the second
inner boot.
5.6.34Check that the boots are held securely in place and
that no damage occurred during installation.
T14
6
Bushing Stop
T08
T06
T05
T20
Washer
Figure 80 - guide pin bushing installation
5.6.28Using a punch, bend the tab into the groove by
aligning the punch with the upper part of the tab
and tapping the punch with a hammer.
5.6.29Coat the inside of the bushing (6) with a light coat
of the white grease included in the kit.
5.6.30Install the two identical inner boots (9) by first
cleaning the area where the inner boots will be
installed and inspect for corrosion. If the sealing
5.6.35See Figure 83. To
install the guide
pins, first lubricate
both guide pins with
the white grease
supplied. Insert the
guide pins into their
respective bores
with the grooved end
towards the bellows.
Figure 83 - Place the
retaining ring onto the
groove in the guide pin
Fit the lip in the end of the inner boots (8) into the
groove of the guide pins. Push on each ring (7)
ensuring that the boot (9) is engaged onto the end
of the guide pins (5 or 6).
5.6.36With the caliper resting on a bench, slide the carrier
into place with a slight rocking motion, taking care
that as you do so, the inner boots and guide pins
are seated in their proper place on the carrier.
5.6.37Identify the two caliper bolts (39) and (40). With the
shorter bolt placed in the floating pin bushing (4), and
the longer bolt placed in the fixed pin bushing (5),
33
begin to tighten the bolts. With the caliper/carrier
in a vice, continue installing the bolts to a torque of
133 ft. lbs. (180 N·m). Finally, tighten each bolt an
additional 90º (ninety degrees).
Installation of the Guide Pin Caps
5.6.38See Figure 84. Place
the caliper/carrier assembly on a bench
so that the inner
boots are fully compressed, check that
the bores are clean
and dry (e.g. free
from lubrication).
BOOT
COMPRESSED
Figure 84 - bootS must
BE COMPRESSED FULLY
DURING CAP installation
Note: It is important that the inner boots are fully
compressed during this procedure to ensure that
the least amount of air is retained within the guide
pin channel. If too much air is trapped, the bellows
can potentially be damaged during the operation of
the brake. It is also important that the technician
double-check that the retaining rings remain in their
correct position during this procedure.
5.6.39Clean the two caps, and check that the caliper
surfaces where the caps will be installed are clean
and have no signs of damage.
5.6.40Select one cap to
install. Using the
correct press-in
tool — the smaller
cap (10) installs in the
long guide pin side
using tool (T26), and
the larger cap (68)
installs in the short
guide pin side using
tool (T27) — place
the cap in position,
using the machined
channel in the caliper
to assist in centering
the tool.
Figure 85 - bootS must
BE COMPRESSED FULLY
DURING CAP installation
Use a hammer to tap the cap into position. See
Figure 85. Note that the tool needs to remain
perpendicular to the channel to prevent damage
during installation. Note that, after installation, the
smaller cap (10) extends 0.08 in. (2 mm.), and the
larger cap (68) extends 0.61 in. (15.5 mm.).
Repeat for the second cap.
5.6.41Check that the guide pins move freely when the
carrier is moved laterally, and that air is not trapped
within the inner boots, and that the boots (9) and
ring (58) are in the proper position before continuing
with the installation.
5.6.42Install the caliper/carrier (See Section 5.3).
5.6.43Install the brake chamber (See Section 5.4).
5.6.44Install the brake pads (See Section 5.2).
34
5.7 Bendix® splined disc® Hub rotor
DRIVE HUB
STEER HUB
Wheel Studs
Intermediate Elements
(Spacers)
Spring Elements
(Retention
Brackets)
ABS Tone
Wheel
& Fasteners
Hub
Intermediate Elements
(Spacers)
Spring Elements
ID Label (Retention
Brackets)
Splined Disc Rotor
Above: Splined Disc Rotor on Aluminum Drive Hub
Wheel Studs
Hub
ID Label
ABS Tone Wheel
(press on)
Above: Splined Disc Rotor on Aluminum Steer Hub
Figure 86 - Splined disc rotor examples - EXPLODED Views
Bendix® Splined Disc® Hub Rotors are designed to assist
vehicle maintenance by typically allowing the rotor to be
serviced without requiring the entire hub/rotor assembly
be replaced.
Periodic inspection of the Splined Disc attachment
hardware is recommended to ensure optimum braking
performance. Bendix recommends verifying the torque on
the spring element fasteners whenever a brake inspection
is performed.
NOTE: Anytime that the entire hub/rotor assembly
is removed, Bendix recommends that the wheel seal
also be replaced at the same time, using a hightemperature seal. Follow the wheel seal and/or
vehicle manufacturer's guidelines for full installation
instructions. Adjust the bearings and refill bearing
oil to vehicle manufacturer's specifications.
When replacing a Splined Disc Rotor, Bendix strongly
recommends that the brake pads be replaced (as an
axle set.) Contact 1-800-AIR-BRAKE for appropriate
brake pad kit. Rotor replacement necessitates the
removal of the pads.
CAUTION: Follow all safe maintenance practices,
including those listed on page two of this document.
Park the vehicle (by other means than the foundation
brakes) on level ground and chock the wheels. Also
read the vehicle manufacturer's recommendations.
When installing pads, where appropriate, use heavy
duty gloves and always keep fingers away from
potential pinch hazard areas.
Bendix Air Disc Brakes are precision-engineered braking
mechanisms. The “friction couple” braking characteristics
have been carefully optimized and the rotor design and
materials have been matched with special formulation
brake pads for optimal performance, therefore use only
genuine Bendix® brand parts and brake pads.
Rotor Replacement
5.7.1 Before removing the brake pads it is strongly
recommended that the air disc brake adjuster
mechanism be checked for correct operation (See
Section 4.1). When replacing brake pads, Bendix
strongly recommends that the pads be replaced as
an axle set.
5.7.2 Refer to the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations
and release (or cage) spring brakes and remove the
wheel.
5.7.3 Remove the pads (See Section 5.2).
5.7.4 Remove the air disc brake (See Section 5.3).
5.7.5 Remove the hub rotor assembly.
Note: Follow the vehicle manufacturer's guidelines for
removal of the wheel hub and rotor assembly from the
vehicle in lieu of these instructions, where available.
Caution: Be sure to secure both the rotor and hub
before removing the retention clips.
5.7.6 Remove and discard the ten spring elements.
5.7.7 On drive axles, the ABS tone ring must also be
removed. (See Figure 86.) Retain for re-installation.
5.7.8 Use suitable hand tools to remove the intermediate
elements (spacers). Remove all the right-hand
intermediate elements (spacers) of each set first
and then the rotor can be turned slightly to release
35
the remaining intermediate elements (spacers).
In all cases, take care not to damage the hub and
its teeth. Remove and discard the intermediate
elements (spacers) and retention clips attaching
the rotor. Discard the rotor.
5.7.9 Following industry standards, clean and inspect the
hub before installing the rotor. Look for corrosion
and/or damage to the hub and inspect the wheel
speed tone ring. Where necessary, consult the hub
manufacturer's guidelines for more details.
B
3
1
B-B
3
4
4
B
be corrected with proper installation of new rotor
retaining hardware.
2
1
KEY
1 - Wheel Hub
2 - Splined Disc Rotor
3 - Intermediate Elements (Spacers)
Figure 89 - installing Intermediate Elements
(spacers)
KEY
1 - Wheel Hub
2 - Splined Disc Rotor
3 - Intermediate Element (Spacer)
4 - Spring Element (Fastener), including retention clips
Figure 87 - Rotor with cross-section view
Figure 90 - Intermediate Elements (Spacers) installed
5.7.11 Install the ten new spring elements included in the
kit in an evenly-distributed cross-pattern sequence.
Torque to 22.1 ft. lbs. (30 N·m.)
Figure 88 - Rotor installation
ROTOR INSTALLATION
5.7.10See Figures 87 through 91. Place the rotor into
position on the hub. Install the new intermediate
elements (spacers) as shown in Figure 89. With
all the intermediate elements (spacers) correctly
inserted into position, verify that the gap between
the intermediate elements (spacers) and the wheel
hub does not exceed 0.015 in (0.4 mm). If a gap is
found that exceeds this maximum value, verify the
installation of new intermediate elements (spacers).
Replace the wheel hub if the excess gap cannot
36
5.7.12Where the tone ring was removed during step 5.7.7,
re-install the tone ring. Use a professional grade
fastener compound, such as Loctite blue 242, on
the fasteners. Torque to 19-22 in. lbs. (2.1-2.5 N·m.)
5.7.13Re-install the hub rotor assembly using a new
high-temperature wheel seal, following the vehicle
manufacturer’s instructions.
5.7.14Re-install the air disc brake (See Section 5.3).
Supporting the air disc brake by all necessary
means, attach the brake to the anchor plate
using six bolts and washers as required (Bendix
recommends the original bolts not be re-used).
Torque to vehicle manufacturer's specifications.
If torque values and bolts are not specified by the
vehicle manufacturer, then torque according to the
chart below. Be sure to select bolts with the same
thread pitch, length and grade as originally provided
from vehicle manufacturer.
5.7.15Reinstall the brake pads (See Section 5.2).
Figure 91 - fasteners installed
Air Disc Brake Attachment Hardware
Torque Plate Manufacturer
Bendix Axial
Carrier Torque Plate
Fastener
Fastener: M20 x 2.5 x 60 mm Class 10.9
Washer: Requires a THROUGH
HARDENED 3 mm (minimum thickness) for
each bolt.1 If the vehicle is using a Bendix
manufactured Axial Anchor Plate, with a
thickness of 1.14 in. (29 mm) where these
bolts are assembled, then a bolt with an
overall length of 2.36 in. (60 mm) will meet
these requirements
Torque
Use the manufacturer’s recommendations.
If unavailable, use phosphate
and oil finish fastener.
Pre-Torque: 20-60 ft-lbf [27-81 N·m]
Final Torque: 350-400 ft-lbf [475-542 N·m]
Bendix Vertical
Carrier Torque Plate
Fastener: M16 x 2.0 x 110 mm, Class 10.9
Washer: None required.
Use the manufacturer’s recommendations.
If unavailable, use plain and oil finish fastener.
Torque: 200-220 ft-lbf [271-298 N·m]
Fastener: M20 x 2.5 x L Class 10.9
Trailer Torque Plate
Length determination:
Use the manufacturer’s recommendations.
L = Torque Plate (TP) thickness + Carrier
engagement + Washer thickness
If unavailable, use phosphate
and oil finish fastener:
Lmin = TP thickness + 24 mm + 3 mm
Pre-Torque: 20-60 ft-lbf [27-81 N·m]
Lmax = TP thickness + 29 mm + 3 mm
Final Torque: 350-400 ft-lbf [475-542 N·m]
Washer: Requires THROUGH HARDENED
3 mm (minimum thickness) for each bolt.1
Footnote 1 CAUTION: The washer outside diameter must be less than 1.5 in (37.5 mm).
Recommended washers conform to DIN125-21-300HV, ISO7089-20-300HV, or ISO7090-20-300HV.
Table 7 - Torque plate fasteners and torque recommendations (see Manufacturer’S recommendations)
37
Service Data Index
Section One: Air Disc Brake Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Safe Maintenance Practices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Section Two: Preventive Maintenance Schedule and Wheel-On Inspections . 6
2.0 Preventive Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2.1 Brake Pad And Rotor Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.2 Running Clearance Quick Inspection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Section Three: Troubleshooting Procedure Flowchart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Section Four: Wheel-Off Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4.0 Wheel-Off Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4.1 Caliper Movement Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4.2 Adjuster Mechanism Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
4.3 Inspect The Brake Pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
4.4 Inspect The Rotor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
4.5 Guide Pin Bearing Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
4.6 Tappet And Boot Assembly Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Section Five: Maintenance Kits And Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
5.0 Maintenance Kits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
5.0.1 General Information About Bendix Air Disc Brake Maintenance . . . . . . . . . 18
5.1 Air Disc Brake Shield Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
5.2 Pad Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
5.3 Caliper/Carrier/Actuator Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
5.4 Spring or Service Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
5.5 Tappet & Boot Assemblies, and Tappet Inner Seal Replacement . . . . . . . . 25
5.6 Guide Pin and Boot Assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
5.7 Bendix® Splined Disc® Hub Rotor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Contacting Bendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
38
notes
39
CONTACTING Bendix
www.foundationbrakes.com
Bendix on-line information is available 24/7/365. It’s your complete Bendix resource.
Bendix Technical Assistance Team
For direct personal technical support, call the Bendix TechTeam at
1-800-AIR-BRAKE (1-800-247-2725).
Representatives are available to assist you Monday through Friday, 8:00 A.M. to 6:00
P.M. EST, or e-mail the Bendix Tech Team at:
techteam@bendix.com.
To better serve you, please collect the following information before you call the
Bendix TechTeam, or include this information in your e-mail:
• Bendix product model number, part number and configuration.
• Vehicle make and model.
• Vehicle configuration. (Number of axles, tire size, etc.)
• System performance symptoms: When do they occur?
• What troubleshooting/measurements have been performed?
• What Bendix service data literature do you have or need?
Log-on and Learn from the Best
On-line training that's available when you are
Visit www.brake-school.com.
24/7/365.
SD-23-7541 BW7308 © 2013 Bendix Spicer Foundation Brake LLC • All Rights Reserved • 8/13
40
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising