9-Cell MAIN CANOPIES

9-Cell MAIN CANOPIES
Click here for update to manual
4357 D PARK DRIVE
NORCROSS, GA 30093 USA
Phone (770)-279-7733
FAX (770)-279-7729
MAIN CANOPY OWNER'S MANUAL
and
PACKING INSTRUCTIONS
for all
9-Cell MAIN CANOPIES
March 2004
Click here for update to manual
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
1.
TRAINING AND/OR EXPERIENCE ARE REQUIRED TO
LOWER THE RISK OF SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
NEVER USE THIS EQUIPMENT UNLESS YOU HAVE:
A.
READ THIS WARNING LABEL AND COMPLETED A "CONTROLLED PROGRAM
OF INSTRUCTION" IN THE USE OF THIS PARACHUTE ASSEMBLY.
--ORB. READ THIS WARNING LABEL AND ALL APPROPRIATE OWNER/FLIGHT MANUALS,
PACKING INSTRUCTIONS AND COMPLETED AT LEAST 100 RAM AIR PARACHUTE
JUMPS.
2.
LOWER THE RISK OF DEATH, SERIOUS INJURY,
CANOPY DAMAGE AND HARD OPENINGS BY NEVER
EXCEEDING THE LIMITS SHOWN BELOW:
MAXIMUM DEPLOYMENT SPEED
130 KNOTS
MAXIMUM GROSS WEIGHT
(JUMPER + CLOTHING + EQUIPMENT)
POUNDS
MODEL
:
SERIAL NUMBER
:
DATE OF MANUFACTURE
:
!!! THE USER ASSUMES ALL RISK !!!
PARACHUTE SYSTEMS SOMETIMES FAIL CAUSING DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY
REGARDLESS OF HOW IT IS MAINTAINED, PACKED, DEPLOYED OR OPERATED.
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL
4357 D PARK DRIVE
NORCROSS, GA 30093 USA
Phone (770)-279-7733 FAX (770)-279-7729
REMOVAL OF THIS LABEL VOIDS ANY AND OR ALL CUSTOMER SERVICE PROGRAMS
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
March 2004
PAGE 2
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
1.
TRAINING AND/OR EXPERIENCE ARE REQUIRED TO LOWER
THE RISK OF SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
NEVER USE THIS EQUIPMENT UNLESS YOU HAVE:
A. READ THIS WARNING LABEL AND COMPLETED A
"CONTROLLED PROGRAM OF INSTRUCTION" IN THE USE OF
THIS PARACHUTE ASSEMBLY.
--OR-
B.
READ THIS WARNING LABEL AND ALL APPROPRIATE
OWNER/FLIGHT MANUALS, PACKING INSTRUCTIONS AND
COMPLETED AT LEAST 100 RAM AIR PARACHUTE JUMPS.
2.
LOWER THE RISK OF DEATH, SERIOUS INJURY, CANOPY DAMAGE
AND HARD OPENINGS BY NEVER EXCEEDING THE LIMITS SHOWN
BELOW:
MAXIMUM DEPLOYMENT SPEED
150 KNOTS
MAXIMUM GROSS WEIGHT
(JUMPER + CLOTHING + EQUIPMENT)
500 POUNDS
MODEL
:
SERIAL NUMBER
:
DATE OF MANUFACTURE
:
THIS PARACHUTE IS LIMITED TO PERSONS UP TO 227KG 500 LBS.
FULLY EQUIPPED, AND UP TO 150 KNOTS.
!!! THE USER ASSUMES ALL RISK !!!
PARACHUTE SYSTEMS SOMETIMES FAIL CAUSING DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY
REGARDLESS OF HOW IT IS MAINTAINED, PACKED, DEPLOYED OR OPERATED.
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL
4357 D PARK DRIVE
NORCROSS, GA 30093 USA
Phone (770)-279-7733 FAX (770)-279-7729
REMOVAL OF THIS LABEL VOIDS ANY AND OR ALL CUSTOMER SERVICE PROGRAMS
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
March 2004
PAGE 3
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page
Data/Warning Panel
Data/Tandem Warning Panel
Contents
About this Manual
Policy Statement
Parts List
Revision List
Inspection Instructions
Canopy Specifications
Trim Specifications
Packing Instructions
Operating Instructions and Limitations
Canopy Care and Maintenance
Warning - Disclaimer
1
2
3
4
4
4
5
5
6
9
13
18
23
26
27
ABOUT THIS MANUAL
Please read this manual thoroughly before assembling,
packing, and using your Flight Concepts International,
Inc. main canopy. This manual will provide you with
important information that will help you better use this
product.
POLICY STATEMENT
Flight Concepts International, Inc. may change any of the
announcements,
information,
policies,
rules,
or
procedures set forth in this manual. This manual is
updated as revisions occur and may not always reflect
new or modified procedures and information. Statements
in this manual may not be regarded in the nature of
binding obligations on the manufacturer or the seller.
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
March 2004
PAGE 4
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
PARTS LIST FOR A FLIGHT CONCEPTS MAIN
CANOPY
Each Flight Concepts, Inc. Main Canopy includes the
following components:
* One (1) Canopy with suspension and control lines.
* One (1) Slider.
* Four (4) connector links (as ordered).
* One (1) Flight Concepts, Inc. Main Owner's Manual.
REVISION LIST
First Edition: March 1994
Second Edition: March 1999
Third Edition: January 2001
Fourth Edition: March 2004
This owner's manual and/or the packing instructions may
be revised from time to time by Flight Concepts, Inc.
without notice. Product owners should contact Flight
Concepts, Inc. periodically to insure the currency of this
publication.
It is the intention of Flight Concepts, Inc. to aid in the
education of skydivers and the general public about safe
parachuting practices. Therefore, this manual may be
reproduced in whole, or in part by anyone wishing to do
so.
Flight Concepts, Inc. welcomes all comments about this
manual, as they will help us to make future editions more
complete and easier to use. Please put your suggestions
in writing and send them to:
Flight Concepts International, Inc.
4357-D Park Drive
Norcross, Ga. 30093
USA
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
March 2004
PAGE 5
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
INSPECTION INSTRUCTIONS
NOTE: THE INSPECTION OF A FLIGHT CONCEPTS
INTERNATIONAL, INC. MAIN CANOPY PRIOR TO
BEING
ASSEMBLED
INTO
A
PARACHUTE
HARNESS/CONTAINER SYSTEM, OR CAN ONLY BE
DONE BY THE MANUFACTURER OR AN FAA
CERTIFIED SENIOR OR MASTER PARACHUTE
RIGGER.
ADDITIONALLY, TO INSURE THE
CORRECTNESS OF THE INSPECTION PROCEDURE,
THESE INSPECTION INSTRUCTIONS MUST BE
FOLLOWED EXACTLY.
STEP 1.) Insure that all of the correct parts were
received by checking the parts list.
STEP 2.) Prior to assembly, visually inspect each topskin
and bottom skin panel for any defects, rips, stains, or any
other damage to the canopy or its seams. If the canopy
is being inspected after a deployment, be sure to inspect
each panel very carefully for any possible damage that
may have occurred during use.
STEP 3.) Visually inspect each rib. Start at the leading
edge and move to the trailing edge by looking inside each
half cell. Inspect for any sign of defects, rips, stains, or
any other damage to canopy or its seams.
STEP 4.) Visually inspect each cascade (finger-trapped
line connection) to insure that they have been stitched
correctly. Insure that all of the suspension lines are
looped tightly onto the attachment point tapes on the
bottom skin of the canopy. If a suspension line is not
looped tightly, lightly pull the line away from the line
attachment loop to tighten the knot around the line
attachment point.
STEP 5.) Inspect the Main slider for correct installation.
(See Figure 1.) NOTE: The reinforcement tape should
face the canopy and there should not be any type of hole
in this slider what so ever.
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
March 2004
PAGE 6
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
Figure 1.
(Top view of Main slider)
If the canopy is being inspected after a deployment, be
sure to inspect the slider carefully for any damage,
particularly around the inner surface of the grommets and
the reinforcing tapes immediately around the grommets.
STEP 6.) Inspect the connector links, they should be FCI
made Chinch Links (soft links), #5 zinc plated or #3.5
stainless steel "Maillon Rapide" French links. Look for
burrs, nicks or any other abnormality that may indicate a
flaw in the link. If you find any type of burr, it can be
removed with fine emery cloth. !WARNING! Consult
Flight Concepts before using any substitute links.
STEP 7.) Anchor all four connector links to the same
point. Pull tension on the lines to perform a trim check
according to the trim specifications chart for the particular
canopy model. Do Not Skip This Step. (See “Trim
Specifications” in this manual)
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
March 2004
PAGE 7
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
STEP 8.) Inspect the suspension lines and the control
lines for proper continuity. Look for any frayed or
damaged areas. If the canopy is being inspected after a
deployment, be sure to inspect the lines carefully for any
damage, particularly around the connector links. Each
line group must be routed to its connector link without any
twists, and without passing under, around, or through any
other line group.
STEP 9.) Inspect
the
harness/container
system
according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Inspect the
control line guide rings on the back of the Main rear
risers, to insure smoothness, and to look for cracks or
burrs.
NOTE: To assure the proper trim when the brakes are
set, measure the distance from the fold at the top of the
Main rear riser to the control line guide ring. The ring
must be attached 4" below the fold and on the back of
each rear riser. This is a P.I.A. (Parachute Industry
Association) standard. If the ring is attached at a different
measurement, the break setting of the Main canopy must
be modified to insure correct canopy trim is maintained.
(Contact Flight Concepts International, Inc. for additional
instructions)
The Main inspection process is now complete, the
canopy may be assembled on to a harness/container
system if no problems were discovered.
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
March 2004
PAGE 8
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
CANOPY SPECIFICATIONS
9 Cell Classic
Model
Wildfire 170
Clipper 195
Raider 220
Maverone 250
Manta 290
Man-O-War 320
Size
170
195
220
250
290
320
*Maximum Suspended Weight
187
214
242
275
319
352
Size
185
200
230
260
290
320
*Maximum Suspended Weight
185
200
230
260
290
320
Aspect Ratio
2.6
2.4
2.7
2.8
2.6
2.8
Weight
6.8
7.0
8.3
8.5
9.8
10.1
Estimated Pack Volume
Est. 386
Est. 398
Est. 425
Est. 562
Est. 570
Est. 590
Aspect Ratio
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
Weight
6.9
7.4
8.2
9.3
10.4
11.5
Estimated Pack Volume
Est. 460
Est. 513
Est. 566
Est. 619
Est. 672
Est. 725
ZP Manta
ZP
ZP
ZP
ZP
ZP
ZP
Model
Manta 185
Manta 200
Manta 230
Manta 260
Manta 290
Manta 320
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
March 2004
PAGE 9
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
Sentry
Model
Sentry 99
Sentry 110
Sentry 120
Sentry 135
Sentry 150
Sentry 170
Sentry 190
Sentry 210
Sentry 230
Size
99
110
120
135
150
170
190
210
230
*Maximum Suspended Weight
119
132
144
162
180
204
228
252
276
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
Aspect Ratio
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
March 2004
Weight
4.1
4.5
4.9
5.6
6.2
7.0
7.8
8.6
9.5
PAGE 10
Estimated Pack Volume
Est. 294
Est. 333
Est. 373
Est. 413
Est. 453
Est. 493
Est. 533
Est. 573
Est. 610
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
Rage
Model
Rage 90
Rage 100
Rage 110
Rage 120
Rage 130
Rage 140
Rage 155
Rage 170
Rage 185
Rage 205
Rage 230
Size
90
100
110
120
130
140
155
170
185
205
230
*Maximum Suspended Weight.
Aspect Ratio
Advanced
Expert
Maximum
117
135
153
2.65
130
150
170
2.65
143
165
187
2.65
156
180
204
2.65
169
195
221
2.65
182
210
238
2.65
202
233
264
2.65
221
255
289
2.65
241
278
315
2.65
267
308
349
2.65
299
345
391
2.65
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
March 2004
Average
Weight
3.8
4.1
4.5
4.9
5.6
6.2
7.0
7.4
7.8
8.6
9.5
PAGE 11
Estimated Pack
Volume
Est. 225
Est. 250
Est. 275
Est. 300
Est. 325
Est. 360
Est. 395
Est. 430
Est. 465
Est. 500
Est. 570
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
Tandem
MODEL
ET - 360
ET - 385
ET – 400
ET – 425
Size
360
385
400
425
*Maximum Suspended Weight
432
462
480
510
Aspect Ratio
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
Weight
17.0
18.2
18.9
20.1
Estimated Pack Volume
Est. 1257
Est. 1335
Est. 1405
Est. 1470
Manufacturer’s Recommended Maximum Suspended Weight (defined as: Jumper or
(Jumpers/Tandem)+ Clothing + Equipment) jumping in near perfect conditions.
The two types of fabric for all models is:
F-111 (1.1 oz Nylon Ripstop, 0-3 CFM) or
Zero Porosity (1.2 oz Nylon Ripstop, 0 CFM).
The two optional types of line are:
725lb. Microline or 525lb. Dacron
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
March 2004
PAGE 12
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
TRIM SPECIFICATIONS (in inches)
The line specifications in this chart are given under the condition that all four risers are
anchored at the same point, and that the control line guide rings on the rear risers are 4"
below the upper fold at the end of the riser.
These dimensions can be verified by laying the canopy on its side (See Figure 1.) and
anchoring the measuring instrument at the link. (See Figure 2.)
The dimensions given are from the link to the top of the line loop at the canopy.
The dimensions given can vary due the link size and or the attachment method.
The maximum tolerance for the trim specifications are +/- 1 inch.
The number one is located at the end rib.
The measurements on the steering lines are with the brakes set.
Figure 1.
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
Figure 2.
March 2004
PAGE 13
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
9 Cell Classic
Model
Total “A” Line Length
Total “B” Line
Total “C” Line
Total “D” Line
Total To Tail w/Brakes Set
Wildfire 170
109.5
112.3
118.3
127.5
124.5
Model ZP Manta
Total “A” Line Length
Total “B” Line
Total “C” Line
Total “D” Line
Total To Tail w/Brakes
Set
185
118.9
121.8
127.3
133.9
129.0
Clipper 195
122.0
126.0
131.0
140.0
134.0
Raider 220
132.5
137.0
143.0
153.0
147.3
Maverone 250
132.5
137.0
143.0
153.0
147.3
Manta 290
146.0
151.0
158.0
169.1
164.5
Man-O-War 320
146.0
151.0
158.0
169.1
164.5
ZP Manta
200
123.6
126.6
132.3
139.2
134.1
230
132.5
135.8
141.8
149.3
143.8
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
March 2004
260
140.8
144.4
150.7
158.7
152.9
PAGE 14
290
148.6
152.5
159.1
167.6
161.5
320
156.1
160.2
167.1
176.1
169.6
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
Sentry
Model Sentry
Total “A” Line
Total “B 1” Line
Total “B 2-5” Line
Total “C 1” Line
Total “C 2-5” Line
Total “D 1” Line
Total “D 2-5” Line
Total To Tail w/Brakes Set
99
94.5
94.2
96.9
96.0
101.5
96.1
109.0
101.3
110
99.5
99.2
102.0
101.1
106.9
101.3
114.8
106.9
120
103.9
103.6
106.5
105.6
111.6
105.7
119.9
111.8
135
110.1
109.8
112.9
111.9
118.3
112.1
127.0
118.7
150
116.0
115.7
119.0
117.9
124.6
118.1
133.9
125.3
170
123.4
123.0
126.6
125.5
132.6
125.6
142.4
133.6
190
130.4
130.0
133.7
132.6
140.1
132.7
150.5
141.3
210
137.1
136.6
140.5
139.3
147.3
139.4
158.1
148.7
230
143.4
142.9
147.0
145.8
154.1
145.9
165.4
155.8
Rage
Model Rage
Total “A” Line
Total “B 1” Line
Total “B 2” Line
Total “B 3-5” Line
Total “C 1” Line
Total “C 2” Line
Total “C 3-5” Line
Total “D 3-5” Line
Total To Tail w/Brakes Set
90
93.9
92.8
97.4
96.0
91.8
102.8
100.9
107.8
101.2
100
98.9
97.8
102.6
101.2
96.7
108.3
106.3
113.6
106.8
110
103.7
102.5
107.6
106.0
101.4
113.5
111.4
119.1
112.2
120
108.3
107.0
112.3
110.7
105.8
118.5
116.3
124.3
117.3
130
112.6
111.3
116.8
115.2
110.1
123.3
121.0
129.4
122.2
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
140
116.8
115.5
121.2
119.5
114.2
127.9
125.5
134.2
127.0
March 2004
155
122.9
121.4
127.5
125.7
120.1
134.6
132.0
141.2
133.8
170
128.6
127.1
133.4
131.5
125.8
140.9
138.2
147.8
140.3
PAGE 15
185
134.2
132.6
139.1
137.2
131.1
146.9
144.1
154.1
146.5
205
141.2
139.5
146.4
144.3
138.0
154.6
151.7
162.2
154.3
230
149.5
147.7
155.0
152.8
146.1
163.7
160.6
171.7
163.7
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
Tandem
Model Tandem
360 S
385 S
Total “A” Line
189.6
183.4
Total “B 1” Line
186.7
193
Total “B 2” Line
N/A
N/A
Total “B 3-5” Line
N/A
N/A
Total “C 1” Line
194.6
201.2
Total “C 2-5” Line
N/A
N/A
Total “D 1” Line
207.1
214.1
Total “D 2” Line
N/A
N/A
Total “D 3-5” Line
N/A
N/A
Number One Is Located At The End Rib.
Total To Tail No # 1
207.6
213.6
Total To Tail No # 2
211.4
218.6
Total To Tail No # 3
219.5
226.9
Total To Tail No # 4
219.5
226.9
Total To Tail No # 5
211.4
218.6
Total To Tail No # 6
207.6
213.6
Total To Tail No # 7
NA/
N/A
Total To Tail No # 8
N/A
N/A
425* S
525* S
360 E
385 E
400 E
199.1
244.1
164.9
172.1
179.2
202.8
248.1
161.4
168.4
175.4
N/A
N/A
168.3
175.6
182.9
N/A
N/A
168.7
176.0
183.4
211.4
256.1
158.9
165.8
172.7
N/A
N/A
177.3
185.0
192.7
224.9
268.4
158.1
165.0
171.9
N/A
N/A
187.4
195.5
203.7
N/A
N/A
189.6
197.8
206.1
All Measurements On The Steering Lines Are With Brakes Set
222.9
268.8
179.0
187.0
195.0
229.6
263.6
179.0
187.0
195.0
238.4
256.5
179.0
187.0
195.0
238.4
256.5
174.7
182.5
190.3
229.6
263.6
169.7
177.3
184.9
222.9
268.8
169.7
177.3
184.9
N/A
N/A
174.7
182.5
190.3
N/A
N/A
178.3
186.2
194.2
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
March 2004
PAGE 16
425 E
184.3
180.4
188.1
188.6
177.6
198.2
176.7
209.5
211.9
200.7
200.7
200.7
195.9
190.3
190.3
195.5
199.9
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
PRO* PACKING INSTRUCTIONS
(PROPER RAM-AIR ORIENTATION)
Step 1.) Start with the Flight Concepts Main canopy
laying on its left side. (See Figure 1.) The harness must
be placed facing down, with the top toward the canopy.
Figure 1.
Step 2.) Clear the control lines. Insure the control lines
pass directly from the trailing edge of the canopy, through
the correct grommets in the slider, and directly through the
control line guide rings. WARNING! The control lines
must not pass under, through, or around any of the
suspension line groups.
Step 3.) Insure the suspension line groups are routed
correctly through the slider grommets to their respective
connector links, and are placed on the link correctly.
WARNING! The suspension line groups must not pass
under, through, or around any of the other suspension line
groups.
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
March 2004
PAGE 17
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
Step 4.) Set the brakes by
pulling the control line down
through the guide ring until
the brake loop “cat-eye” just
passes through the guide
ring. (See Figure 2.)
Figure 2
Step 5
Insert the stiffened
upper portion of the control
toggle through the loop and
pull the control line back up
tightly against the ring guide.
(See Figure 3.) "S" fold the
remaining break line next to
the control toggle and stow it
in the Velcro loop provided.
Mate the Velcro on the
control toggle with the
Velcro on the rear riser.
Insure
both
deployment
brakes
are
set
before
continuing the pack-job.
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
Figure 3
March 2004
PAGE 18
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
Step 6.) With the harness /
container system secured,
apply tension to the lines,
and step between the right
and left line groups and grasp
the right line groups in the
right hand and the left line
groups in the left hand. Push
the slider toward the canopy,
and walk forward. Pick up
the canopy by the
suspension lines and allow it
to hang downward (See
Figure 4.) Push the slider up
as far as it will go until each
slider grommet comes to its
respective slider stop.
Figure 4
Step 7.) Step
out
from
between the line groups and
hold them in one hand. Clear
the bottom seams of each
cell with the “knife edge” of
the hand. (See Figure 5.)
This must be done between
the “A", “B”, “C", and "D" line
groups. Clear the four seams
of each cell to the left and
right. After all the seams are
cleared on each side of the
canopy, clear the trailing
edge between the control
lines.
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
Figure 5
March 2004
PAGE 19
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
NOTE: Figure 6. is a graphic
representation of what the
canopy folds should look like
when Step 7 is done
correctly.
The bottom
surface of the canopy and the
control
lines
will
be
symmetric.
Clear all nine
cells at the nose and insure
the canopy is facing back
toward the harness/ container
system. Don’t forget to
clear the stabilizers.
Figure 6
Step 8.) Place the trailing
edge of center cell (indicated
by the Data-panel) under the
thumb and lift the canopy.
(See Figure 7.)
Figure 7
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
March 2004
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FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
Step 9.) Gather the leading
edge of the canopy together
with
the
other
hand
approximately 12 inches form
the top skin trailing edge.
(See Figure 8.)
Figure 8
Step 10.) Maintain the grip on
the canopy and gently swing
the canopy outward and
away. Place the canopy on
the floor and apply tension to
the lines.
NOTE: If the
canopy is placed on the floor
with a twisting motion, it will
not spread out evenly. Insure
the nose is facing downward
toward the floor. The center
seam of the center cell
(indicated by the data panel)
should be in the center of the
canopy bundle. (See Figure
9.)
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
Figure 9
March 2004
PAGE 21
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
Step 11.) Kneel
on
the
trailing edge of the center cell
of the canopy and center the
middle seam of the center
cell in the middle of the
canopy bundle.
“Cocoon”
fold the bundle by spreading
the center cell of the canopy
to the approximate width of
the main deployment bag and
tuck the outer edges of the
material under the bundle.
(See Figure 10.)
Width of main
deployment bag
Figure 10
Step 12.) “S” Fold the bundle
and place it into the main
deployment bag. Close the
deployment
bag
and
complete the pack job in
accordance
with
the
harness/container
manufacture’s instructions.
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
Figure 11
March 2004
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FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS and
LIMITATIONS
1. Although it is not always possible, it is highly desirable
to have a good “face to earth” body position for the
deployment of a main parachute. It is considered ideal
to be slightly head high during and just after pilot-chute
deployment. During the deployment, try to keep your
shoulders as level as possible to help keep the left and
right line groups loading evenly during deployment.
2. As the opening canopy pulls you head high, visually
check the canopy to insure that the deployment is
complete. Grasp the control toggles and pull them down
sharply to release the brakes. If there is an end cell
closure, or if the slider has not come all the way down
the lines to the connector links, pump the control toggles
by pulling them downward and returning them to full
flight. This will usually clear any end cells closure and/or
bring the slider down. Repeat if necessary.
3. As soon as possible after releasing the brakes
conduct a control check to find the stall point of the
canopy by pulling down the toggles slowly until you feel
the canopy stop flying and start to "fall off" backwards.
(Recover from the stall by smoothly bringing the toggles
back up to shoulder level.)
4. A properly deployed and functioning canopy can be
controlled with the control toggles by simply pulling down
on the right toggle to turn right or pulling down on the left
toggle to turn left. As long as one toggle is pulled down
further than the other toggle the canopy will continue to
turn in the direction of the lowest toggle. The further the
toggle is pulled down, the faster the turn will be. Stalls
and turns should be executed only when altitude
permits. WARNING! no stalls below 1000 feet, and
no turns should be done below 500 feet. (Except for
minor course corrections on final approach.)
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
March 2004
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FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
5. A soft landing can usually be made by landing into the
wind, and using a "Flaring Technique". This procedure
is accomplished by pulling both control toggles
downward smoothly to the full brake position just before
landing. (Full brake position is usually with the toggles
just above the stall point.) With the canopy facing into
the wind and at full flight (toggles up as far as you can
reach) start the flare when your feet are approximately
10-12 feet off the ground (depending upon the speed of
the wind) smoothly bring the toggles down to the full
brake position. When this is done correctly, the canopy
will immediately change its angle of attack and this
flattening of its angle of attack will allow for a very soft
landing.
6. Varying wind speeds and other weather conditions
may dictate variations of this technique. When in no
wind conditions, it may be helpful to start the flare about
six feet higher and then bring the toggles down just
slightly slower, thus allowing the canopy more time to
slow it's forward speed before landing. In higher wind
conditions it may not be necessary to bring the toggles
down quite as far to produce a flared landing.
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
March 2004
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FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
7. If an emergency situation has left you with a broken
control line, it is possible to control the canopy by pulling
down on the rear risers. The canopy will turn in the
direction of the riser being pulled downward. However,
you must be very cautious when attempting a flared
landing with the rear risers, particularly when one brake
is still set. WARNING! A riser flare can produce a
very sudden stall, and it only takes a few inches of
pulling to cause a stall. For this reason, the rear
riser-flare should only be attempted in an emergency
situation and ONLY if there has been ample time and
altitude to practice the maneuver prior to landing.
Under no circumstances should anyone try this
maneuver unless they have practiced it at a SAFE
ALTITUDE, furthermore it is recommended that only
the very experienced skydiver ever attempt this type
of landing.
8. After landing, the canopy will normally deflate if there
is little or no wind. However, if the wind is strong, there
still exists the danger of being dragged by the inflated
canopy. If you are landing in strong winds, release one
of the toggles immediately upon landing, and pull the
other toggle (hand over hand if necessary) until the
canopy has fully deflated.
9. Avoid landing downwind of trees or large buildings.
Large ground objects produce turbulence which can be
dangerous to a parachutist on final approach. It is
considered good practice to fly your canopy at quarterbrakes if you expect to encounter turbulence.
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
March 2004
PAGE 25
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
CANOPY CARE
These suggestions have been provided to help you
prolong the life of your parachuting equipment.
1. It is very important to have the trim checked on
your canopy every 200 to 300 jumps. If the trim is
out of tolerance by more that 1” to 1.5”. please
consult FCI before continuing to use this product.
(Please see the Trim Specification section of this
manual for further information.)
2. Avoid dragging any part of the parachute across the
ground. Do not pack on rough surfaces, such as
concrete.
3. Do not leave the canopy exposed in the sun any
longer than is absolutely necessary.
4. Do not wash the canopy. Over time it will increase the
porosity, which will reduce the performance of the
parachute. If it is necessary to remove grease spots, or
any other type of stains, use mineral spirits on small
areas.
5. If you must store your gear for a prolonged time
frame, store the canopies, unpacked, in plastic bags.
Insure the storage room is dry and that it has a constant
moderate temperature to prevent mildew and damage
from extreme heat.
6. Do not use Ripstop Tape or any other material that
includes gum or other adhesives to make small repairs.
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
March 2004
PAGE 26
FLIGHT CONCEPTS INTERNATIONAL, INCORPORATED
WARNING - DISCLAIMER - NO WARRANTIES
!!The user assumes all risk!!
This Flight Concepts International, Incorporated product
is a high performance parachute. Serious injury or death
can result from the use, attempted use, or misuse of this
parachute, regardless of how it was maintained, packed,
or deployed. This product is sold without warranty or
suitability for any particular purpose, either expressed or
implied. The manufacturer does not guarantee the
reliability, dependability, or performance of this product.
Furthermore, no one should attempt to use this product,
or wear it as a parachute unless that person has
received training in the use of this type of parachute by a
qualified Instructor.
Additionally, it is understood and agreed upon that by
the use of this product by the Buyer or any other
subsequent user of this product, that the manufacturer
and the seller shall not be deemed or held accountable,
upon or under any guarantees or warranties, expressed
or implied, statutory, by operation of law or otherwise,
beyond that expressed herein. It is further understood
that the purchase or use of this product constitutes an
assumption of any and all risk associated with such use.
If the Buyer is unable to accept these conditions , he/she
may return the product for a complete refund within
fifteen (15) days of the original purchase.
9-CELL OWNER’S MANUAL
March 2004
PAGE 27
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