Test and Measurement

Test and Measurement
Test and Measurement
Power Catalogue
Transformer testing what to buy and how to test
Insulation testers the complete range from
1 kV to 30 kV
Low resistance ohmmeters tough new products for real
life use
Cable fault location the modular approach
The word ‘Megger’ is a registered trademark
Local in more places.
Megger has technical support offices in 14 locations, and distributors in 170 countries. Wherever possible, we create
documentation and websites that are centrally supported but locally maintained in your language. ‘Local’ to us does
not just mean geographic proximity; it is about understanding your technical problems, your application issues and the
language that you speak.
We are committed to helping customers with their specific test and measurement problems, including advanced
diagnostic testing and innovative software.
The company’s passion for the business of test and measurement is most clearly shown by a focus on execution –
making things happen and learning more. You can see evidence of this from the range of new products made available
to you in this catalogue.
We devote enthusiasm to improving the most minor technical details. With a truly massive product range, a programme
of innovation and geographic proximity to customers, you win from Megger’s innovation strategy. Most companies
appreciate the benefits of innovation, but far fewer actually pursue it because of a fear of failure. Megger’s culture and
financial systems are aligned to ensure a steady flow of innovative products.
You can trust Megger to deliver. Call today with your application problems.
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2
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
About Megger
A passion for the business of test and measurement
Our passion for business is most clearly shown by a focus on
execution - making things happen and learning more. You
can see evidence of this in the range of new products made
available to you in recent years. Successes include a complete
re-engineering of our power factor test sets, the most
sophisticated insulation tester range available anywhere and
a brand new range of low resistance ohmmeters. We devote
enthusiasm to improving even the most minor technical details.
With a truly massive range, and a programme of product
research and commercial geographic proximity to customers,
you gain from Megger’s innovation strategy. Most companies
appreciate innovation’s benefits, but far fewer actively pursue
it because of a fear of failure. Megger’s culture and financial
systems are aligned to ensure a steady flow of innovative
Www.megger.com
products. Sales, product management and engineering functions
follow a New Product Innovation process, which focuses on using
a concept called ‘voice of the customer’; which provides market
led, customer founded innovation to solve your test needs.
Maintaining high growth is driven by investment in technology
as well as by sales and marketing strategy. Long term, Megger
believes that the best way to secure good quality products and
intellectual property is through excellence in engineering and
its production facilities. Key processes and expertise are kept inhouse. Engineering teams are located on-site at all the company’s
factories. Advanced manufacturing technology, including
automatic wave-solder machinery and robotic surface mount
technology helps keep costs down and quality up.
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Contents
About Megger
2
Power quality
Contents
4
Selection guide
85
Getting the best from Megger
6
Technical information
86
PA9Plus portable quality analyzer
88
NEW products
8
PA9 Wireless portable quality analyzer
89
MDP series distribution profilers
92
MR-4 meter adapter recorders
94
SLM8 8 channel recording volt-ammeter
96
Power quality accessories
98
Substation test equipment
10
AC Insulation testers
12
84
Selection guide
13
Technical information
14
MIT510/2 5 kV tester
17
Battery test 102
MIT520/2 5 kV tester
18
Selection guide
103
MIT1020/2 10 kV tester
19
Technical information
104
20
TORKEL820 battery load unit
107
21
TORKEL840/860 battery load units 110
22
BGFT battery ground fault locator
114
BITE2 and BITE2P battery impedance testers
115
BITE3 battery impedance tester
117
ProActiv battery database management software
119
BITE optional accessories
120
Optional accessories
122
BM5200 insulation tester
S1-552/2 5 kV high current tester
S1-1052/2 10 kV high current tester
S1-554/2 5 kV tester with noise rejection
23
S1-1054/2 10 kV tester with noise rejection
24
S1-5010 diagnostic tester
25
MJ15 and BM15 5kV analogue insulation testers
26
5 kV and 15 kV megohmmeters
27
MIT30 30 kV high voltage tester
28
Circuit breaker test
5 and 15 kV AC dielectric test set
29
Selection guide
125
Technical information
132
31
CabaWin circuit breaker analysis software
134
32
EGIL circuit breaker anlayzer
135
FRAX99/100 sweep frequency response analyzer
36
TM1600 circuit breaker analyzer
138
FRAX150 sweep frequency response analyzer with built-in PC
38
TM1800 circuit breaker analyzer system
142
IDAX300 insulation diagnostic analyzer
40
SDRM202 static/dynamic resistance measurement
149
DELTA4000 12 kV insulation diagnostic system
42
VIDAR vacuum interrupter tester
151
CB100 low voltage capacitance and insulation power factor test set
45
B10E AC/DC voltage power supply
154
AC and AC/DC high pot tester
46
MS-2A circuit breaker and overcurrent relay test set
156
70, 120, 160 kV high voltage DC dielectric test sets
48
OCR-8015 and OCR-9150 automatic oil circuit recloser test set
158
670025 series capacitance and dissipation factor test sets
50
Optional accessories
161
Optional accessories
52 DC Insulation testers
Selection guide
FRAX explained
Low resistance ohmmeters
30
54
124
Earth resistance testers
164
Selection guide
165
Selection guide
55
Technical information
166
Technical information
56
DET3TD 2 and 3 pole tester
168
57
DET3TC ART enabled 3 pole tester
169
58
DET4TC2 and DET4TCR2 2,3 and 4 pole tester (stakeless)
170
DLRO10HD 10 A digital ohmmeter
59
DET4TD2 and DET4TR2 2, 3 and 4 pole tester
171
KC series wind turbine protection test leads
60
DET14C and DET24C earth resistance clamp testers
172
DLRO10 and DLRO10X digital micro-ohmmeter
61
DET2/2 auto earth tester
173
BT51 low resistance ohmmeter
62
174
Ground testing methods chart
247000 series low resistance ohmmeter
63
Optional accessories
Mjölner200 micro-ohmmeter
66
DLRO200 200 A digital micro-ohmmeter
DLRO600 600 A ohmmeter
Mjölner600 micro-ohmmeter
68
MOM2 mirco-ohmmeter
70
MOM200 A micro-ohmmeter
74
MOM600 A micro-ohmmeter
76
MOM690 micro-ohmmeter
78
Optional accessories
81
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4
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
175
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
Contents
Primary current injection
176
Power cable test
264
Selection guide
177
Selection guide
265
Technical information
178
Technical information
266
Ingvar primary current injection test system
180
PFL40A-1500/2000 portable cable fault location
268
ODEN AT primary current injection test system
183
PFL22M1500 portable cable fault location
270
ODEN A primary current injection test system
186
CFL40A 2000 vehicle mountable cable fault location
272
CSU600A-AT current supply units
186
MTDR1 single-phase time domain reflectometer
274
PCITS2000/2 two wheeled unit (with a handle)
191
L1050 portable locator
276
Optional accessories
192
L1070 andL1071 portable locator
277
MPP1000 pinpointer
278
656902 split-box pipe and cable locator
280
Protective relay testers
194
Selection guide
195
Technical information
196
Watthour test
SMRT36 & STV1 programmable secondary relay test system
197
Selection guide
283
AVTS4.0 advanced visual test software
203
Technical information
284
MGTR GPS timing reference
206
E-Z Test™ 99800 meter test jacks
285
GOOSER IEC 61850 test system
207
PA2505K phantom load
286
FREJA306 relay test system
209
PHAZER™ watthour meter test and calibration system
287
FREJA300 relay test system
214
CA30 current amplifier
219
SVERKER750/760 relay test sets
221
SVERKER650 relay test set
225
PMM1 multifunction measuring instrument
227
PAM360E phase angle meter
229
TM200 timer
230
Optional accessories
232
Transformer test
234
Selection guide
235
Technical information
236
282
Other Megger products you may find useful
290
What CAT ratings mean
291
About Megger 292
Environmental care and service 294
Training local to you 295
Index
296
OTS80PB and OTS60PB portable oil test sets
238
OTS100AF, OTS80AF and OTS60AF laboratory oil test sets
241
VCM100D/VCM80D oil test set calibration meter
244
KF875 and KF-LAB MkII Karl Fischer moisture in oil set sets
245
MTO210 transformer ohmmeter
247
TTR25 handheld transformer turns ratio
249
TTR100 single and three-phase handheld transformer turns ratio
250
TTR300 three-phase transformer turns ratio test sets
252
MCT1600B automatic current transformer saturation, ratio and polarity test set
255
MCT1605 multi-tap automatic current transformer saturation,
ratio and polarity test sets
257
MAGNUS set-up transformer
259
PowerDB acceptance and maintenance test data
260
management software
Optional accessories
Www.megger.com
263
5
2
Getting the best from Megger
Technical distribution network
Megger regularly audits the performance of distribution
partners to ensure they meet standards for technical
proficiency and customer support. You can trust an
authorised Megger distributor to help you choose the
right test equipment.
Exhibitions
You will find Megger at many major exhibitions where you
can talk to Megger experts and see the products before
you buy. Check your regional Megger website for an
exhibition convenient for you.
Electrical Tester
Do
A newspaper primarily aimed at the Power/Utility industry,
Electrical Tester contains informative articles on the latest
industry developments and products from Megger. The
publication is published in many languages and is available
in both print and email formats. To subscribe to Electrical
Tester, email ElectricalTester@megger.com with your
contact details specifying which version you would like to
receive.
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T: 01304 502102
E: uksupport@megger.com
www.megger.com
Our technical support team is here to help you with
your questions. Trained to provide support for Megger’s
complete range of products, the technical support group
helps with everything from advice on product selection to
product usage.
www.megger.com
For more in-depth information on Megger products
and application advice visit our website. With improved
navigation, it is easier than ever to search for the
information you need.
Professional training
You can count on Megger to provide specialised practical,
hands-on electrical training presented in our classrooms or
on-site at your facility. Through our associated company,
AVO Training, we also provide online fundamental
training courses, self-study training materials, and training
videos. Select from more than 50 different electrical
training courses.
1
6
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
Our commitment to quality
All Megger manufacturing facilities are certified to the ISO9001 quality standard. Products conform to the
highest standards of accuracy, safety, performance and reliability and meet national and international safety
directives. Our commitment to quality is recognised by our customers throughout the world.
You may see these symbols marked on our products:
c
The Kitemark is one of the UK’s
most trusted product and service
certification marks. Products
showing this mark have satisfied the
most rigorous of quality processes.
The letters “CE” are an abbreviation
of the French phrase “Conformité
Européene” which literately means
“European Conformity”. CE Marking
on a product indicates that the
product may be legally placed on the
market in a European Union country.
The VDE mark indicates conformity
with the VDE standards or European
or internationally harmonized
standards respectively and confirms
compliance with protective
requirements of the applicable EC
Directive(s).
Underwriters Laboratories® is a
US based independent product
safety certification organization.
The UL Mark on a product means
that UL has tested and evaluated
representative samples of that
product and determined that they
meet UL requirements.
Based in Canada, CSA International
tests products for compliance to
national and international standards.
A CSA mark on its own, without
indicators, means that the product is
certified primarily for the Canadian
market, to the applicable Canadian
standards.
GOST refers to a set of technical
standards maintained under the
auspices of the Commonwealth of
Independent States. Certification
is mandatory for a wide range
of products. It is based on safety
testing (IEC standards with Russian
variations), EMC testing, etc.
TÜV is a German organisation
that aims to achieve sustained
development of safety and quality.
The TÜV mark gives evidence that
the essential safety requirements of
the product have been fulfilled and
that production has been inspected
by the impartial organisation TÜV
Rheinland Product Safety.
Any electrical, mechanical or electromechanical product bearing the GS
Mark indicates that it was tested
and complies with the minimum
requirements of the German
Equipment and Product Safety
Act. The GS Mark, which stands
for Geprüfte Sicherheit in German
means Safety Tested.
Www.megger.com
7
1
NEW products
NEW Relay test system (SMRT36)
NEW
SMRT36 is a small, rugged, lightweight and powerful
3-phase protective relay test system. With an intuitive
manual operation and Smart Touch View interface it will
operate with or without a computer. See page 197
MOM2 is designed to measure the resistance of circuit
breaker contacts, bus-bar joints and other high-current
links. This product is designed to be easy to use, versatile
and safe, using the DualGround™ method (the test object is
grounded on both sides). See page 70
NEW
NEW
DELTA4000 is a fully automatic 12 kV insulation power
factor / dissipation factor (tan∂) test set designed for
condition assessment of electrical insulation in high voltage
apparatus such as transformers, bushings, circuit breakers,
cables, lightning arresters and rotating machinery.
See page 42
PFL22M1500 is the latest power cable fault locator from
Megger and is designed to provide quick, effective, accurate
and safe fault location thereby reducing system outages and
minutes lost. See page 270
Micro-ohmmeter for circuit
breaker testing (MOM2)
Power factor / dissipation
factor test set (DELTA4000)
1
8
Cable fault locator (PFL22M)
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
NEW products
NEW
NEW
DET14C and DET24C represent a new generation of earth /
ground testers. They are designed with flat core ends that
prevent dirt build up and an elliptical clamp to improve
access to earth cables and straps. See page 172
Equally at home in the laboratory, the workshop, in the
field, on the bench or on the ground. These new heavy duty
OTS oil test sets combine rugged construction with accuracy
and ease of use. Includes bright 3 1/2 inch colour display for
easy visibility. See page 238
NEW
NEW
GOOSER™ is the world’s first general purpose IEC 618508-1 GOOSE equipment dedicated to test the GOOSE
horizontal communication in substation protection / control
applications. See page 207
Megger’s new heavy duty DLRO10HD low resistance
ohmmeter combines rugged construction with accuracy and
ease of use. It features an internal rechargeable battery and
can also operate from a mains supply, even if the battery is
completely flat. See page 59
Earth / ground resistance
clamp testers (DET14C and DET24C)
IEC 61850 test system
(GOOSER)
Www.megger.com
Oil test sets (OTS)
Micro-ohmmeter for
continuity testing (DLRO10HD)
9
1
Substation test equipment
Circuit breaker testing
Vidar - Vacuum bottle breakdown tester
TM1800 - Modular timing and motion analyser for multiple break
/phase circuit breakers with DualGround™ for operation with
both sides of the test piece earthed. 40 kHz sample rate, on-board
software, key board, colour display
TM1600 - Modular timing and motion analyser for multiple
break / phase circuit breakers
SDRM – Current source for static / dynamic resistance measurement
of arcing and main contacts while the circuit breaker operates for
use with TM and EGIL products
Egil - Timing and motion analyser for single break /phase circuit
breakers
B10E – Variable d.c. power supply
CABA Win – Circuit breaker analysis software
MJÖLNER – High current testing for circuit breaker contact
resistance 200 A and 600 A with DualGround™ for operation with
both sides of the test piece earthed
DLRO600 and DLRO200 – High current micro ohmmeters for
testing circuit breaker contacts at 600 A and 200 A for compliance
with IEC 62271-100
MOM690, MOM600 and MOM200 – High current low
resistance ohmmeter for testing circuit breaker contacts at 690 A,
600 A and 200 A for compliance with IEC 62271-100
DLRO10 and DLRO10X – 10 A battery powered low resistance
ohmmeter for testing contact resistance and joints
Insulation and continuity test
instruments
MIT510/2 – 5 kV go/no go insulation resistance tester
MIT520/2 and MIT1020/2 - 5 kV and 10 kV diagnostic insulation
tester offering the range of tests such as PI, SV, DD and DAR
S1-552/2 and S1-1052 - High current diagnostic insulation testers
for fast testing of capacitive loads
S1-554/2 and S1-1054/2 - 5 kV and 10 kV diagnostic insulation
testers with high noise rejection for environments such as switch
yards
DLRO10 and DLRO10X - fully automatic instruments, selecting
the most suitable test current up to 10 A d.c.
MIT30 – 30 kV d.c. insulation tester for proof testing
70 to 160 kV d.c dielectric test sets – insulation proof testing
Asset management software
PowerDB – Substation testing, report generation and certification
software
1
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T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
Primary testing
Transformer
Oden AT – Modular primary current injection test set, for
applications >2000 A with CTs, circuit breakers and protection
systems
FRAX – Sweep frequency response analyser for transformer
fingerprinting
PCITS2000 – Primary current injection test set, for applications up
to 2000 A with CTs, and protection systems
CSU600AT – 600 A primary current injection test set with CTs, and
protection systems
Current transformer
Magnus – Step up transformer for manual ratio and excitation
tests (knee-point)
DELTA4000 – For tan δ or power factor measurement to test the
bushings
TTR25 and TTR100 – Handheld single phase instruments for
checking the turns ratio of the windings
TTR300 series – Three-phase instrument for checking the turns
ratio of the windings and tap changers, phase deviation and
excitation current are also measured
MTO210 – Fully automated transformer ohmmeter for
simultaneous measurement of primary and secondary winding
resistance
MCT1605 – Fully automated CT tester measuring a number
of parameters including knee-point with graphical display and
reporting
OTS – For assessing the dielectric strength of the transformer oil
Relay or secondary testing
KF – For assessing the moisture content of insulating oil
SMRT36 – The smallest, lightest, highest output powered,
complete three phase relay test system in the world today
MPRT – 4 channel, 3-phase fully automated high power relay test
set with advanced manual controller
AVTS – User configurable automatic relay testing software and
database for MPRT
FREJA300 – 3-phase fully automatic relay test set, lightweight,
simple to use commissioning tool
FREJA306 – As FREJA300 with high current module and 6-phase
current and 3-phase voltage
CA30 – High current module for Freja 3 x 35 A
FREJA Win – User friendly relay testing software for Freja
IDAX – Frequency domain spectroscope for looking at transformer
insulation and its moisture content particularly in the cellulose based
material
Earth system
DET2/2 – High accuracy 4 terminal substation earth tester
DET4T series – 4 terminal earth restivity tester with optional
clamps for ART and stakeless testing
DET3T series – 3 terminal electrode tester with clamp for ART
DET10C and DET20C – Stakeless earth testing clamps
Battery
TORKEL - Battery load capacity tester max 270 A, 15 kW, 480 V
SVERKER650 –Simple single-phase injection test set
BITE2P – Battery impedance tester up to 7500 Ah with integral
printer
SVERKER750 and SVERKER760 – Fully featured single-phase
injection test sets, SVERKER 760 offers continuous phase shift
function. Can be used with Sverker Win software
BITE3 – Battery impedance tester up to 2500 Ah with on-board
graphical display, memory and database functions
TM200 – solid state timer can be used with SVERKER, as additional
timer, and CSU A and ODEN A (not required for AT versions)
BGFT – Battery ground fault locator
Digital hydrometer – For specific gravity measurement
MGTR – GPS timing reference to synchronise end-to-end testing
DCM340 – Clamp-meter for measuring load currents
PAM360E – Phase angle meter
AVO310 – Multimeter for battery voltage measurement
PMM1 – Power measurement meter
DLRO10 and DLRO10X – Battery powered low resistance meter
for measuring battery straps and connections
Www.megger.com
11
1
AC Insulation
Testers
Regular insulation resistance testing is one of the most
cost effective methods of identifying ageing in electrical
equipment, and with over 60% of equipment failures
being ascribed to insulation breakdown, it is a key area to
monitor for high levels of customer satisfaction.
2
2
12
Selection guide............................................................................................ 13
Technical information................................................................................... 14
MIT510/2 5 kV tester................................................................................... 17
MIT520/2 5 kV tester................................................................................... 18
MIT1020/2 10 kV tester............................................................................... 19
BM5200 insulation tester............................................................................. 20
S1-552/2 5 kV high current tester................................................................ 21
S1-1052/2 10 kV high current tester............................................................ 22
S1-554/2 5 kV tester with noise rejection..................................................... 23
S1-1054/2 10 kV tester with noise rejection................................................. 24
S1-5010 10 kV diagnostic tester.................................................................. 25
MJ15 and BM15 5 kV analogue insulation testers........................................ 26
5 and 15 kV megohmmeters........................................................................ 27
MIT30 30 kV high voltage tester.................................................................. 28
5 and 10 kV dielectric test sets..................................................................... 29
Chapter 2.2 DC Insulation testers................................................................. 30
Optional accessories..................................................................................... 52
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
SELECTION GUIDE
See separate
catalogue
S1-5010
BM15
MJ15
5 kV and 15 kV
5 kV and 10 kV
MIT30 kV
S1-1054/2
S1-554/2
S1-1052/2
S1-552/2
BM12
MJ15
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
2.5 kV
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
CE marked
BM5200 not
BM12
MIT520/2
MIT1020/2
MIT510/2
MIT400 Seires
n
cells
MIT300 Seires
n
£ option
s accepts rechargeable
MIT200 Seies
5 kV
n feature
Insulation test voltages
10 kV
1000 V
500 V
250 V
n
£
£
£
£
£
£
50 V/100 V
10 V - 100 V
£
£
£
£
£
n
n
Insulation teset modes
Polarization index
£
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Dielectric absorbtion ratio
£
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Step voltage
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Dielectric discharge
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Other tests
Continuity test
£
£
£
n
n
Frequency measurement
£
Capacitance measurement
£
n
n
n
£
£
n
n
n
Data storage
£
£
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
USB download
£
£
n
n
n
n
n
n
RS232
n
n
n
n
n
£
n
n
n
n
n
Voltage measurement
n
n
n
n
n
n
Result management
Bluetooth download
Power supply
Mains power
Rechargeable batteries
s
s
s
£
Hand crank
Dry-cell battery
£
£
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Safety
600 V CAT III
£
£
300 V CAT IV
£
£
600 V CAT IV
£
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
High noise immunity
FREE calibration certificate
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Included software
Power DB Lite
n
n
n
n
n
n
PowerDB
£
£
£
£
£
£
Download Manager
n
n
n
n
n
n
Www.megger.com
n
13
2
Insulation Testers
Insulation is important for the safety of all electrical systems,
providing a barrier to hazardous live conductors. Insulation can
deteriorate due to the effects of moisture, sunlight and heat.
A reduction in the value of insulation resistance can lead to a
potentially dangerous situation caused by the dangers of electric
shock, or arcing causing fire. If insulation resistance is regularly
monitored, unusually low values can be investigated before
they cause danger or inconvenience and cost due to equipment
downtime for repairs.
What they do
Insulation testing can be dangerous. The instrument must be used
by suitably trained and competent persons. Insulation testers apply
a test voltage for a period of time, across an interposing insulation
barrier. The application of this voltage creates electrical stresses on
any internal insulation cracks present, in which case the resistance
reading could drop. Larger insulation systems will eventually
stabilise; smaller systems will stabilise quicker because the capacitive
and absorption currents drop to zero faster than on larger systems.
For more than 100 years the Megger name has been synonymous
with high quality instruments for the testing and measurement of
electrical power applications.
The trademark was first registered in May 1903 and is jealously
guarded by the company.
Although best known for insulation testers, Megger products
provide testing solutions in some of the most critical maintenance
areas including cable fault locating, protection relay testing, and
power quality testing, as well as being the supplier of choice
for hand-held electrical test and measurement instruments for
electrical installation, data and telecom engineers.
2
14
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
Selecting the right tester
Choosing the right insulation tester
can appear a bewildering task at
first. Actually, all the process requires
is a little organisation. Insulation
testers perform essentially the same
test in fundamentally the same
manner. Refinements and added
features however, separate one
model from another in
application and engineer appeal.
Make a check list of important or
essential features and specifications.
This should automatically reduce the
choices to a workable number, from
which personal preferences can
easily determine the final selection.
Test Voltage(s) - An electrician
interested only in installation and
proof testing may need only a single
voltage. A repair or maintenance
engineer, however, may want the
diagnostic capabilities that derive
from comparing tests at different
voltages. Base your voltage
requirement(s) on the rated voltage
of the equipment to be tested, then
decide if you want to test at the
rated voltage, or perform stress tests
at higher voltages.
Step Voltage Tests - Pervasive
insulation damage like moisture and
oil soaks are revealed at any voltage,
while mechanical damage like
pinholes may require voltages high
enough to arc an air gap in order to
be detected. Test instrumentation
commonly makes a leap from 1 kV
to 5 kV, so this may be your most
critical voltage determination and
most significant decision in selecting
a tester.
Measurement Range - For an
electrician or repair engineer
interested only in proofing,
100 mΩ readings may be sufficient.
For predictive maintenance however,
it is critical to be able to see the
change in resistance between
successive measurements, even
though the actual values remain
very high. Don’t limit your testing
capabilities with a short-range
model. The newest technologies
permit resistance measurements
to the tera Ohm (TΩ) range! Try to
determine the insulation resistance
values of your equipment when
new, then select a tester that can
actually measure to these values.
Www.megger.com
Power Source - The test is the
same, irrespective of the power
source. Not everyone believes
you can get 1000 volts out of AA
batteries, but you can! Current
limitation is the means. Batteries free
the operator from the extra work of
cranking, while hand-cranks relieve
dependence on batteries and the
possibility of human error. If you plan
to do Polarisation Index (PI) testing,
you don’t want to crank for 10
minutes!
Rechargeable batteries are the most
convenient and environmentally
acceptable, but it is useful to have
disposables if you have accidently
forgotten to charge your batteries.
Voltage Detection - Most models
feature detection of unwanted
voltage on the test item. Electricians
may want an audible signal for
rapid trouble-shooting that is not
dependent on visually monitoring
the display. Maintenance engineers
for large equipment will want to be
able to see high-voltage capacitive
charges decay at the conclusion of
a test.
Display - Digital or analogue is
largely a matter of preference,
but newer models combine both
capabilities in a single, convenient
display.
Ω/kΩ Ranges - Generally referred
to as “Continuity” and “Resistance”
ranges, these are low-voltage,
mid- to low-range functions that
add greatly to the depth of testing
capabilities that your tester offers.
They can make the selective
difference between several models
that are similar in the more apparent
functions, and should not be
overlooked. Ohm (Ω) ranges can
be used to verify integrity of circuits
and connections, while kilohm (kΩ)
ranges are useful in locating areas
of insulation deterioration. The
electrician will want an Ω-range, the
maintenance engineer will want kΩ,
the repair engineer will want both!
Guard terminal
This third terminal shunts surface leakage path of the measurement
function. It is useful in eliminating certain components of leakage from the
measurement, and provides a valuable extra tool in analytical work. The
electrician may not need it, but the maintenance engineer should, and the
commissioning engineer will!
Extra features
Insulation testers are not arrayed from ‘good’ to ‘better’ tests; they
should all perform accurate and reliable measurements. Rather, additional
capabilities and greater flexibility are achieved from one model to the next.
The newer versions offer such features such as pre-programmed standard
tests (Polarisation Index, Step Voltage, Dielectric Discharge), calculation
and storage of results, downloading to computer or printer, timed tests,
measurement of leakage current and capacitance, and “burn” mode.
These may not be necessary, but they certainly are convenient. If it fits your
budget, go for it! visit www.megger.com for more information.
CAT IV
Many users of electrical test equipment, including major utilities, require
test equipment to be rated for CAT IV applications, as defined in IEC
61010. Such instruments are suitable for use on all parts of low voltage
installations, including those parts outside of the building, and at the point
where the supply enters the building.
Instrument manufacturers have responded to customer demand for
CAT IV instruments by ensuring that their products are designed on the
basis of theoretical calculations, to meet the appropriate requirements. This
must be followed by electrical testing to prove the design is safe to use
when connected to a live circuit and subjected to high voltage transients,
to ensure nothing has been overlooked.
This causes a problem for test instrument manufacturers testing an
instrument for CATIV 600 V operations since there is a requirement for
a high energy 600 V supply and facilities for superimposing transients of
up to 8 kV onto that supply. Finding a laboratory that could meet these
requirements is difficult as most facilities are limited to a 415 V supply with
transients of up to 4 kV.
Megger considered that this situation was not satisfactory. It was thought
essential that its products should be properly tested to prove that they not
only met, but wherever possible, exceeded the requirements laid down in
IEC 61010.
The only way this could realistically be achieved was for the company to
make the substantial investment needed to install its own test facility. This
facility is capable of testing to the levels prescribed in IEC 61010-1-2001,
Table 17, Section 14.9, and is now in full operation at Megger’s Dover site.
When a user or specifier chooses an instrument with a high CAT rating,
that should be exactly what they get. Now that there’s a test facility that
can confirm these ratings, it’s no longer necessary to rely on calculations.
For more info...
Request a copy of a ‘Guide to insulation testing’
call +44 (0)1 304 502100
15
2
Industrial and contracting test equipment
Safety and convenience of insulation testing
Compact insulation testers are undoubtedly valuable tools for equipment
maintenance, but all testers are by no means created equal.
Safety is of course, the first consideration, and the best insulation testers
now fully meet the requirements for CATIV 600 V applications defined by
IEC 61010. This means that they can be used in all normal electrical service,
maintenance and utility applications. Rugged construction is also important,
as is a compact design that will allow convenient single-handed operation.
Versatility is another key issue. A choice of test voltages is essential and many
users will also need a choice of test methods. For them, the tester should
offer PI and DAR testing, as well as straight-forward spot-measurement of
insulation.
The MIT400 range provides insulation testing at 250 V, 500 V and 1000 V,
together with continuity testing and voltage measurement to CATIV 600
V protection levels. Top of the range is the MIT430, which not only stores
test results but also allows them to be transferred to a PC via a Bluetooth™
wireless connection.
Economy insulation tester
The MIT200 series will find applications in electrical contracting, both on
domestic and industrial systems, as well as site maintenance and service
departments.
The MIT200 series of insulation and continuity testers are ideal for testing
transformers, motors, generators, switchgear, panel building, domestic
appliances, power tools etc., as well as fixed electrical wiring systems.
Their small size and light weight make them ideal for those engineers that
need to carry them for extended periods.
All instruments meet the requirements of most International Standards
including VDE 0413 Part 1 and BS 7671 (the 17th Edition of the IEE Wiring
Regulations).
Contractors’ insulation testers
Developed, after extensive customer research, specifically to meet the needs
of today’s electrical contractors, the new MIT300 range of insulation and
continuity testers from Megger is not only durable and easy to use, but also
incorporates a comprehensive set of features designed to ensure operator
safety, even under conditions of accidental misuse.
The range includes four models, ensuring an exact match for the needs of
every user, all of which offer automatic discharge of the circuit after testing,
audible and visual warning if the test probes are applied to a live circuit, and a
test inhibit feature which operates automatically under live circuit conditions.
The units also conform fully to IEC 61010-1 for use in Category III 600V
applications, and provide all of the facilities needed to meet insulation testing
requirements relating to the current edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations.
In line with other products in Megger’s comprehensive new contractor range,
MIT300 insulation testers feature rugged construction, with an impactresistant rubber-overmoulded case, and innovative circuitry which guarantees
high accuracy combined with stability of calibration.
If you need...
More information on any of these products
See our industrial and contracting
catalogue
2
16
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
MIT510/2
5 kV Insulation resistance tester
SPECIFICATIONS
Test voltages
250 V, 500 V, 1000 V, 2500 V, 5000 V
Voltage input range
85-265 V rms, 50/60 Hz, 60 VA
Accuracy (23 °C, 5 kV)
±5% up to 1 TΩ
±20% up to 10 TΩ
Default voltmeter range
50 - 600 V a.c. or d.c.
Accuracy (23 ºC) ±2% or -1 V
Guard
2% error guarding 500 kΩ leakage with 100 MΩ load
Display range
Digital display (3 digits)
10 kΩ to 15 TΩ
Analogue display
100 kΩ to 1 TΩ 50 V
Measurement range
Capacitance measurement
(above 500 V)
10 nF to 50 μF (dependent on
test voltage)
Capacitance measurement
accuracy (23 °C)
±5% ±5 nF
Voltage output accuracy
(0 °C to 30 °C)
4%, -0% ±10 V of nominal
+
test voltage at 1 GΩ load
Current measurement range
0.01 nA to 5 mA
Current measurement
accuracy (23 °C)
±5% ±0.2 nA at all voltages
Environmental
Ingress protection (lid closed)
IP65
Operating temperature
-20 ºC to 50 ºC
Storage temperature
-25 ºC to 65 ºC
Humidity
90% RH non-condensing at 40 ºC
Power supply
Battery life
T ypical capacity is 6 hours continuous
testing at 5 kV with a 100 M Ω load
Mechanical data
Dimensions
305 mm x 194 mm x 360 mm
Weight
6.75 kg
MIT510/2
nCAT IV 600 V
nMains or battery powered
n Digital/analogue backlit display
n Selectable test voltage from 250 V to 5000 V
n Automatic IR test
n Measures to 15 TΩ
Description
MIT510/2 5 kV insulation resistance testers are designed
specifically to assist you with the testing and maintenance
of high voltage electrical equipment. The case is incredibly
rugged and easy to carry, being made of tough polypropylene
and achieving an ingress protection rating of IP65. In addition,
the model number is marked on both sides of the case for
If you need...
ease of identification in stores or vehicles.
a 5 kV insulation tester with very high noise rejection
(for example if you are working in an electrically noisy
substation), then S1-554/2 might be what you need
The instrument can test when being powered by the mains
or its internal rechargeable battery, a great benefit when site
conditions are unknown or long term testing is required.
See page 23
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
5 kV insulation resistance tester
Order Code
MIT510/2-EN
Included accessories
Product
Order Code
3 x 15 m with medium insulated clips
1000-442
3 x 3 m with large insulated clips
6220-811
3 m lead set, medium size insulated clips
6220-820
3 x 10 m with large insulated clips
1000-443
User guide on CD-ROM
2000-213
3 x 15 m with large insulated clips
1000-432
Control circuit test lead set
Optional accessories
2 x 3 m with small insulated clips
HV test lead sets
6220-822
3 x 3 m with un-insulated small clips
8101-181
Screened HV test leads
3 x 8 m with un-insulated small clips
8101-182
1 x 3 m, with 5 kV screened un-insulated small clips
6220-835
3 x 15 m with un-insulated small clips
8101-183
3 x 10 m with medium insulated clips
1000-441
1 x 15 m, with 5 kV screened un-insulated small
clips
6311-080
Www.megger.com
17
2
MIT520/2
5 kV Diagnostic insulation resistance tester
SPECIFICATIONS
Test voltages
0 V to 1 kV in 10 V steps,
5
1 kV to 5 kV in 25 V steps
Voltage input range
85-265 V rms, 50/60 Hz, 60 VA
Accuracy (23 °C, 5 kV)
±5% to 1 TΩ
±20% to 10 TΩ
Default voltmeter range
50 - 600 V a.c. or d.c.
Accuracy (23 ºC) ±2% or -1 V
Guard
2% error guarding 500 kΩ leakage with 100 MΩ load
Display range
Digital display (3 digits)
10 kΩ to 15 TΩ
Analogue display
100 kΩ to 1 TΩ
Charge Data
MIT520/2
nCAT IV 600 V
nMains or battery powered
nVariable test voltage from
Short circuit/charge current
3 mA @ 5 kV
Capacitor charge time
<3 seconds per μF at 3 mA to 5 kV
Capacitor discharge time
120 ms per μF to discharge from
<
5000 V to 50 V
Measurement range
50 V to 5000 V or 10,000 V
n Automatic IR, PI, DAR, SV and DD tests
n Measures to 15 TΩ (5 kV) and 35 TΩ (10 kV)
n RS232 and USB download of results to Megger
Download Manager
Capacitance measurement
(above 500 V)
10 nF to 50 μF (dependent
on measurement voltage)
Capacitance measurement
accuracy (23 °C)
±5% ±5 nF
Voltage output accuracy
(0 °C to 30 °C)
+4%, -0%, ±10 V of nominal
test voltage at 1 GΩ load
Current measurement range
0.01 nA to 5 mA
Current measurement
accuracy (23 °C)
±5% ±0.2 nA at all voltages
Environmental
Description
Ingress protection (lid closed)
IP65
Power supply
MIT520/2 is CAT IV safe, and offers the ability to test
T ypical capacity is 6 hours continuous
testing at 5 kV with a 100 MΩ load
insulation to 5 kV. It allows automatic IR, PI, DAR, SV and DD
Battery life
tests. Measuring up to 15 TΩ means the MIT520/2 can detect
Mechanical data
insulation deterioration earlier than other testers. Results
Dimensions (H x W x D)
305 mm x 194 mm x 360 mm
storage and download give you full diagnostic information
Weight
7.1 kg
for later analysis. MIT520/2 can be powered using either
If you need...
mains or its on-board rechargeable battery, now with
a 5 kV insulation tester with very high noise rejection
(for example if you are working in an electrically noisy
substation), then S1-554/2 might be what you need
improved battery-life management.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
5 kV insulation resistance tester
Order Code
MIT520/2-EN
Included accessories
Product
Order Code
3 x 15 m medium insulated clips
1000-442
3 x 3 m large insulated clips
6220-811
3 m lead set insulated clips
6220-820
3 x 10 m large insulated clips
1000-443
User guide on CD-ROM
2000-213
3 x 15 m large insulated clips
1000-432
RS232 cable
25955-025
Control circuit test lead sets
USB cable
25970-041
2 x 3 m control circuit, small insulated clips
6220-822
Download Manager
Screened HV test leads
PowerDB Lite software
1 x 3 m, 5 kV screened un-insulated small clips
6220-835
Optional accessories
1 x 15 m, 5 kV screened un-insulated small clips
6311-080
HV test lead sets
1 x 3 m, 10 kV screened un-insulated small clips
6220-834
3 x 3 m un-insulated small clips
8101-181
1 x 10 m, 10 kV screened un-insulated small clips
6220-861
3 x 8 m un-insulated small clips
8101-182
1 x 15 m, 10 kV screened un-insulated small clips
6220-833
3 x 15 m un-insulated small clips
8101-183
PowerDB software (various options)
3 x 10 m medium insulated clips
1000-441
2
18
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
MIT1020/2
10 kV Insulation resistance testers
SPECIFICATIONS
Test voltages
50 V to 1 kV in 10 V steps,
1 kV to 10 kV in 25 V steps
Voltage input range
85-265 V rms, 50/60 Hz, 60 VA
Accuracy (23 ºC, 10 kV)
±5% to 2 TΩ
±20% to 20 TΩ
Default voltmeter range
50 - 600 V a.c. or d.c.
Accuracy (23 ºC) ±2% or -1 V
Guard
2% error guarding 500 kΩ leakage with 100 MΩ load
Charge data
Short circuit/charge current
3 mA @ 10 kV
Capacitor charge time
<5 seconds per μF at 3 mA to 10 kV
Capacitor discharge time
250 ms per μF to discharge from
<
10000 V to 50 V
Measurement range
Capacitance measurement
(above 500 V)
10 nF to 50 μF (dependent
on measurement voltage)
Capacitance measurement
accuracy (23 °C)
±5% ±5 nF
Voltage output accuracy
(0 °C to 30 °C)
+4%, -0%, ±10 V of nominal
test voltage at 1 GΩ load
Current measurement range
0.01 nA to 5 mA
Current measurement
accuracy (23 °C)
±5% ±0.2 nA at all voltages
Environmental
Ingress Protection (lid closed)
IP65
Operational temperature
-20 ºC to 50 ºC
Storage temperature
-25 ºC to 65 ºC
Humidity
90% RH non-condensing at 40 ºC
Mechanical data
MIT1020/2
nCAT IV 600 V
nMains or battery
powered
n Variable test voltage from 50 V to 5000 V or 10,000 V
n Automatic IR, PI, DAR, SV and DD tests
n Measures to 35 TΩ (10 kV)
n RS232 and USB download of results to Megger
Download Manager
Dimensions (H x W x D)
305 mm x 194 mm x 360 mm
Description
Weight
7.1 kg approx.
MIT1020/2 gives you the ability to test insulation to 10 kV,
giving great flexibility. It also complies with IEEE43:2000
and has CAT IV safety and measures up to 35 TΩ. It allows
automatic IR, PI, DAR, SV and DD tests. Results storage and
download give full diagnostic information for later analysis.
The instrument is fitted with a guard terminal to enhance
accuracy.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
10 kV insulation resistance tester
Order Code
MIT1020/2-EN
Included accessories
Product
Order Code
3 x 15 m medium insulated clips
1000-442
3 x 3 m large insulated clips
6220-811
3 m lead set insulated clips
6220-820
3 x 10 m large insulated clips
1000-443
User guide on CD-ROM
2000-213
3 x 15 m large insulated clips
1000-432
RS232 cable
25955-025
Control circuit test lead sets
USB cable
25970-041
2 x 3 m control circuit, small insulated clips
3 x 3 m lead set insulated clips
6220-811
6220-822
Screened HV test leads
PowerDB Lite
1 x 3 m, 5 kV screened un-insulated small clips
6220-835
Download Manager
1 x 15 m, 5 kV screened un-insulated small clips
6311-080
Optional accessories
1 x 3 m, 10 kV screened un-insulated small clips
6220-834
HV test lead sets
1 x 10 m, 10 kV screened un-insulated small clips
6220-861
6220-833
3 x 3 m un-insulated small clips
8101-181
1 x 15 m, 10 kV screened un-insulated small clips
3 x 8 m un-insulated small clips
8101-182
PowerDB (various options)
3 x 15 m un-insulated small clips
8101-183
3 x 10 m medium insulated clips
1000-441
Www.megger.com
19
2
BM5200
Insulation resistance tester
SPECIFICATIONS
SPECIFICATIONS
Ranges
Insulation
100 kΩ to 1 TΩ
Nominal test voltages
250 V, 500 V, 1000 V, 2500 V and 5000 V
Terminal voltage accuracy
<1000 V 0... +10% of nominal test voltage
≥1000 V 0...+5% of nominal test voltage
Insulation accuracy
Up to 1 GΩ: All ranges ±5% ±2 digits
5000 V ±5% ±0.04% per GΩ
2500 V ±5% ±0.08% per GΩ
1000 V ±5% ±0.2% per GΩ
500 V ±5% ±0.4% per GΩ
250 V ±5% ±0.8% per GΩ
BM5200
Short circuit current
n
1 TΩ, 1.4 mA, 5 kV digital insulation tester with digital Environment
and analogue display
Operating temperature
-20 ºC to +55 ºC
Storage temperature
-20 °C to +65 °C
Humidity range
90% RH, 0 ºC to 40 ºC
70% RH, 40 ºC to 55 ºC
Ingress protection
IP40
1.4 mA ±0.5 mA
nFive test ranges; 250 V, 500 V, 1000 V, 2500 V and 5000 V
nInsulation (InS), Polarisation index (PI) and variable timed
test (t) modes
nSelectable DC or AC (incl. frequency) voltmeter functions
nGuard terminal to shunt surface leakage currents
nCAT III 600 V safety rating
Power supply
Description
Mechanical data
The BM5200 tester is battery powered with a digital and
analogue arc display, designed for high voltage insulation
8 x LR6/AA batteries
Battery life
5 hours at 5 kV into 100 MΩ with AA Alkaline LR6
Dimensions (H x W x D)
220 mm x 115 mm x 163 mm
Weight
1.45 kg
resistance testing in the maintenance and servicing of cables,
rotating plant machinery, transformers, switchgear and
industrial installations.
The guard terminal can be used to minimise the effects of
surface leakage and hence erroneous measurements when
carrying out insulation resistance tests.
Design safety features include high voltage warning indicator,
external voltage display after IR test, automatic discharge of
reactive loads and test leads.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
1001-289
This product
Carry case with lead storage
6420-117
3m leads
6220-820
is not available for sale in the European
Economic Area and North America
User guide
2001-444
Quick start guide
2001-445
BM5200 insulation tester
Included accessories
Test certificate
2
20
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
S1-552/2
5 kV High current diagnostic insulation resistance tester
SPECIFICATIONS
Test voltages
50 V to 1 kV in 10 V steps
1 kV to 5 kV in 25 V steps
Interference rejection
1 mA per 250 V up to a maximum
of 2 mA
Accuracy (23 ºC, 5 kV)
±5% to 1 TΩ
±20% to 10 TΩ
Default voltmeter range
50 - 600 V a.c. or d.c.
Accuracy (23 ºC) ±2% or -1 V
Guard
2% error guarding 500 kΩ leakage with 100 MΩ load
Charge data
Short circuit/charge current
5 mA
Capacitor charge time
<1.5 seconds per F at 5 mA to 5 kV
Capacitor discharge time
<120 ms per F to discharge from
5 kV to 50 V
Measurement range
Capacitance measurement
(above 500 V)
10 nF to 50 F (dependant on
measurement voltage
Capacitance measurement
accuracy (23 °C)
±5% ±5 nF
Current measurement accuracy
(23°C)
±5% ±0.2 nA at all voltages
Current measurement range
0.01 nA to 5 mA
Display range
Digital display (3 digit)
10 kΩ to 15 TΩ
Analogue display
100 kΩ to 1 TΩ
S1-552/2
n 5 mA short circuit current output
nCAT IV 600 V
nMeasures to 15 TΩ
n Automatic IR, PI, DAR, SV and DD tests
nOn board memory for results storage
nRS232 and USB download of results
Power supply
Battery life
Typical capacity is 6 hours continuous
testing at 5 kV with a 100 MΩ
load
Description
Voltage input range
85-265 V rms 50/60 Hz, 60 VA
the fast charging of high capacitance such as long cables. The
Environmental
S1-552/2 gives a short circuit current of 5 mA essential for
5 mA capability also helps to maintain selected test voltages,
Ingress protection (lid closed)
IP65
Operating temperature
-20 ºC to 50 ºC
Storage temperature
-25 ºC to 65 ºC
Humidity
90% RH non-condensing at 40 ºC
for example when testing insulation with high levels of
surface leakage guarded. The 2 mA noise rejection makes it
Mechanical data
ideal for testing in noisy substation environments. It offers
CAT IV 600 V safety, making it the choice for external working.
Dimensions
305 mm x 194 mm x 360 mm
Because it measures up to 15 TΩ, insulation deterioration
Weight
7.1 kg
can be monitored from an early stage, assisting maintenance
planning. All other features as the MIT520/2.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
5 kV high current insulation resistance tester
S1-552/2-EN
Order Code
1001-289
Included accessories
Product
Order Code
3 x 10 m medium insulated clips
1000-441
3 x 15 m medium insulated clips
1000-442
3 x 3 m large insulated clips
6220-811
3 m lead set, medium size insulated clips
6220-820
3 x 10 m large insulated clips
1000-443
User guide on CD-ROM
2000-213
3 x 15 m large insulated clips
1000-442
Download manager on CD-ROM
RS232 cable
Control circuit test lead sets
25955-025
2 x 3 m small insulated clips
6220-822
Screened HV test leads
Optional accessories
1 x 3 m 5 kV small un-insulated clips
6220-835
3 x 3 m small un-insulated clips
8101-181
1 x 15 m 5 kV small un-insulated clips
6311-080
3 x 8 m small un-insulated clips
8101-182
Power DB lite certification software
3 x 15 m small un-insulated clips
8101-183
HV test lead sets
Www.megger.com
21
2
S1-1052/2
10 kV High current diagnostic insulation resistance tester
SPECIFICATIONS
Test voltages
50 V to 1 kV in 10 V steps
1 kV to 10 kV in 25 V steps
Interference rejection
1 mA per 250 V up to a maximum
of 2 mA
Accuracy (23 ºC, 10 kV)
±5% to 2 TΩ
±20% to 20 TΩ
Default voltmeter range
50 - 600 V a.c. or d.c.
Accuracy (23 ºC) ±2% or -1 V
Guard
2% error guarding 500 kΩ leakage with 100 MΩ load
Charge data
Short circuit/charge current
5 mA
Capacitor charge time
<1.5 seconds per F at 5 mA to 10 kV
S1-1052/2
Capacitor discharge time
n
<120 ms per F to discharge from
10 kV to 50 V
High output current 5 mA for fast charging of capacitive Measurement range
loads
nCAT IV 600 V
nMeasures to 15 TΩ
n Automatic IR, PI, DAR, SV and DD tests
nOn board memory for results storage
nRS232 and USB download of results
Capacitance measurement
(above 500 V)
10 nF to 50 F (dependant on
measurement voltage
Capacitance measurement
accuracy (23 °C)
±5% ±5 nF
Voltage output accuracy (0 °C to
30 °C)
+4%, -0% ±10 V of nominal test
voltage at 1 GΩ load
Current measurement range
0.01 nA to 5 mA
Capacitance measurement
accuracy (23 °C)
±5% ±0.2 nA at all voltages
Description
Display range
Digital display (3 digit)
10 kΩ to 35 TΩ
S1-1052/2 gives a short circuit current of 5 mA essential for
Analogue display
100 kΩ to 1 TΩ
the fast charging of high capacitance such as long cables.
Power supply
Battery life
Typical capacity is 4 hours continuous
testing at 10 kV with a 100 MΩ
load
levels of surface leakage guarded. The 2 mA noise rejection
Voltage input range
85-265 V rms 50/60 Hz, 60 VA
makes it ideal for testing in noisy substation environments. It
Environmental
offers CAT IV 600 V safety, making it the choice for external
Ingress protection (lid closed)
IP65
working. The 10 kV capability means it measures up to 35 TΩ
Operating temperature
-20 ºC to 50 ºC
so insulation deterioration can be monitored from a very early
Storage temperature
-25 ºC to 65 ºC
stage, assisting maintenance planning. All other features as
Humidity
90% RH non-condensing at 40 ºC
The 5 mA capability also helps to maintain selected test
voltages, for example when testing insulation with high
the MIT1020/2.
Mechanical data
Dimensions
305 mm x 194 mm x 360 mm
Weight
7.1 kg
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
10 kV high current insulation resistance tester
S1-1052/2 -EN
Included accessories
Product
Order Code
3 x 15 m small un-insulated clips
8101-183
3 x 10 m medium insulated clips
1000-441
3 m lead set, medium size insulated clips
6220-820
3 x 15 m medium insulated clips
1000-442
3 m lead set, medium size insulated clips
6220-811
3 x 3 m large insulated clips
6220-811
2000-213
3 x 10 m large insulated clips
1000-443
Download manager on CD-ROM
3 x 15 m large insulated clips
1000-442
RS232 cable
25955-025
Control circuit test lead sets
USB cable
25970-041
2 x 3 m small insulated clips
User guide on CD-ROM
6220-822
Optional accessories
Screened HV test leads
HV test lead sets
1 x 3 m 10 kV small un-unsulated clips
6220-834
1 x 3 m 10 kV small un-insulated clips
6220-861
1 x 15 m 10 kV small un-insulated clips
6220-833
3 x 3 m small un-insulated clips
8101-181
3 x 8 m small un-insulated clips
8101-182
2
22
Power DB lite certification software
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
S1-554/2
5 kV Diagnostic insulation resistance tester with high noise rejection
SPECIFICATIONS
Test voltages
50 V to 1 kV in 10 V steps
1 kV to 5 kV in 25 V steps
Interference rejection
1 mA per 250 V up to a maximum
of 2 mA
Firmware filter
10, 30 and 100 second time
constants (selectable)
Accuracy (23 ºC, 5 kV)
±5% to 1 TΩ
±20% to 10 TΩ
Default voltmeter range
50 - 600 V a.c. or d.c.
Accuracy (23 ºC) ±2% or -1 V
Guard
2% error guarding 500 kΩ leakage with 100 MΩ load
Charge data
Short circuit/charge current
5 mA
Capacitor charge time
<1.5 seconds per F at 5 mA to 5 kV
Capacitor discharge time
<120 ms per F to discharge from
5 kV to 50 V
Measurement range
Capacitance measurement
(above 500 V)
10 nF to 50 F (dependant on
measurement voltage
Capacitance measurement
accuracy (23 °C)
±5% ±5 nF
Voltage output accuracy (0 °C to
30 °C)
+4%, -0% ±10 V of nominal test
voltage at 1 GΩ load
Current measurement range
0.01 nA to 5 mA
Capacitance measurement
accuracy (23 °C)
±5% ±0.2 nA at all voltages
S1-554/2
n 4 mA noise rejection with firmware filtering
n 5 mA short circuit current output
nCAT IV 600 V
nMeasures to 15 TΩ
n Automatic IR, PI, DAR, SV and DD tests
nOn board memory for results storage
Description
Display range
Digital display (3 digit)
10 kΩ to 15 TΩ
Analogue display
100 kΩ to 1 TΩ
S1-554/2 gives a short circuit current of 5 mA essential for
the fast charging of high capacitance such as long cables. The
Power supply
Battery life
Typical capacity is 6 hours continuous
testing at 5 kV with a 100 MΩ
load
Voltage input range
85-265 V rms 50/60 Hz, 60 VA
Environmental
5 mA capability also helps to maintain selected test voltages,
for example when testing insulation with high levels of surface
leakage guarded. The 4 mA noise rejection with firmware time
constant filtering makes it the perfect instrument for testing
in high-noise environments such as HV switch yards. It offers
Ingress protection (lid closed)
IP65
Operating temperature
-20 ºC to 50 ºC
Storage temperature
-25 ºC to 65 ºC
Because it measures up to 15 TΩ, insulation deterioration can
Humidity
90% RH non-condensing at 40 ºC
be monitored from an early stage, assisting maintenance
CAT IV 600 V safety, making it the choice for external working.
planning. All other features as the MIT520/2.
Mechanical data
Dimensions
305 mm x 194 mm x 360 mm
Weight
7.1 kg
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
5 kV insulation resistance tester with high noise
rejection
Order Code
S1-554/2 -EN
Included accessories
Product
Order Code
3 x 15 m small un-insulated clips
8101-183
3 x 10 m medium insulated clips
1000-441
3 x 15 m medium insulated clips
1000-442
3 m lead set, medium size insulated clips
6220-820
3 x 3 m large insulated clips
6220-811
User guide on CD-ROM
2000-213
3 x 10 m large insulated clips
1000-443
3 x 15 m large insulated clips
1000-442
Download manager on CD-ROM
RS232 cable
25955-025
Control circuit test lead sets
USB cable
25970-041
2 x 3 m small insulated clips
6220-822
Optional accessories
Screened HV test leads
HV test lead sets
1 x 3 m 5 kV small un-unsulated clips
6220-835
3 x 3 m small un-insulated clips
8101-181
1 x 15 m 5 kV small un-insulated clips
6311-080
8101-182
Power DB lite certification software
3 x 8 m small un-insulated clips
Www.megger.com
23
2
S1-1054/2
10 kV Diagnostic insulation resistance tester with high noise rejection
SPECIFICATIONS
Test voltages
50 V to 1 kV in 10 V steps
1 kV to 5 kV in 25 V steps
Interference rejection
1 mA per 250 V up to a maximum
of 4 mA
Firmware filter
10, 30 and 100 second time
constants (selectable)
Accuracy (23 ºC, 5 kV)
±5% to 2 TΩ
±20% to 20 TΩ
Default voltmeter range
50 - 600 V a.c. or d.c.
Accuracy (23 ºC) ±2% or -1 V
Guard
2% error guarding 500 kΩ leakage with 100 MΩ load
Charge data
S1-1054/2
n 4 mA noise rejection with firmware filtering
n 5 mA short circuit current output
nCAT IV 600 V
nMeasures to 35 TΩ
n Automatic IR, PI, DAR, SV and DD tests
nOn board memory for results storage
Short circuit/charge current
5 mA
Capacitor charge time
<1.5 seconds per F at 5 mA to 10 kV
Capacitor discharge time
<120 ms per F to discharge from
10 kV to 50 V
Measurement range
Capacitance measurement
(above 500 V)
10 nF to 50 F (dependant on
measurement voltage
Capacitance measurement
accuracy (23 °C)
±5% ±5 nF
Voltage output accuracy (0 °C to
30 °C)
+4%, -0% ±10 V of nominal test
voltage at 1 GΩ load
Current measurement range
0.01 nA to 5 mA
Description
Capacitance measurement
accuracy (23 °C)
±5% ±0.2 nA at all voltages
S1-1054/2 gives a short circuit current of 5 mA essential for
Display range
the fast charging of high capacitance such as long cables.
The 5 mA capability also helps to maintain selected test
Digital display (3 digit)
10 kΩ to 35 TΩ
Analogue display
100 kΩ to 1 TΩ
Power supply
voltages, for example when testing insulation with high
levels of surface leakage guarded. The 4 mA noise rejection
Battery life
Typical capacity is 4 hours continuous
testing at 10 kV with a 100 MΩ
load
Voltage input range
85-265 V rms 50/60 Hz, 60 VA
with firmware time constant filtering makes it the perfect
instrument for testing in high-noise environments such as HV
switch yards. It offers CAT IV 600 V safety, making it the choice
for external working. The 10 kV capability means it measures
up to 35 TΩ so insulation deterioration can be monitored from
a very early stage, assisting maintenance planning. All other
features as the MIT1020/2.
Environmental
Ingress protection (lid closed)
IP65
Operating temperature
-20 ºC to 50 ºC
Storage temperature
-25 ºC to 65 ºC
Humidity
90% RH non-condensing at 40 ºC
Mechanical data
Dimensions
305 mm x 194 mm x 360 mm
Weight
7.1 kg
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
10 kV high current insulation resistance tester
S1-1054/2 -EN
Included accessories
Product
Order Code
3 x 15 m small un-insulated clips
8101-183
3 x 10 m medium insulated clips
1000-441
3 m lead set, medium size insulated clips
6220-820
3 x 15 m medium insulated clips
1000-442
3 m lead set, large size insulated clips
6220-811
3 x 3 m large insulated clips
6220-811
User guide on CD-ROM
2000-213
3 x 10 m large insulated clips
1000-443
3 x 15 m large insulated clips
1000-442
Download manager on CD-ROM
RS232 cable
25955-025
Control circuit test lead sets
USB cable
25970-041
2 x 3 m small insulated clips
HV test lead sets
3 x 3 m small un-insulated clips
8101-181
3 x 8 m small un-insulated clips
8101-182
2
24
6220-822
Screened HV test leads
Optional accessories
1 x 3 m 10 kV small un-unsulated clips
6220-834
1 x 3 m 10 kV small un-insulated clips
6220-861
1 x 15 m 10 kV small un-insulated clips
6220-833
Power DB lite certification software
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
S1-5010
Diagnostic insulation tester
SPECIFICATIONS
Test voltages
500, 1000, 2500, 5000 V 25 to 5000 V in 25 V steps
Test voltage accuracy
±5% on 10 MΩ load and above
±2 V for test voltages <500 V
±12 V for test voltages <125 V
Nominal test current limit
2 mA or 5 mA (selectable)
Charge time
<5 s per µF at 2 mA
<2.5 s per µF at 5 mA
Measurement ranges
Digital resistance
10 kΩ to 500 GΩ @ 500 V
10 kΩ to 1 TΩ @ 1000 V
10 kΩ to 2.5 TΩ @ 2500 V
10 kΩ to 5 TΩ @ 5000 V
Voltage
50 to 1000 V ac/dc (5000 V when
testing)
Current
0.01 nA to 999 µA
Capacitor
0.01 µF - 10.0 µF
Analogue
Resistance
10 kΩ to 1 TΩ
S1-5010
n High specification 5 kV tester
n Automatic test sequences
n PC control and display option
n On-board results storage
n Heavy duty, mains/battery operation
Accuracy (0 to 30 ºC) (32 to 86 ºF)
Resistance
±5% of reading (1 MΩ to 1 TΩ @
5 kV)
DC test voltage
±2% ±1 V
Current
±5% ±0.2 nA
Capacitance
±5% ±0.01 µF
Interference rejection
4 mA at 50/60 Hz for <5%
additional error
Maximum capacitance discharge
rating
20.0 µF
n User defined test procedures with software
Description
The S1-5010 is an advanced insulation tester for measurement
of insulation resistance of all types of electrical equipment.
The instrument performs automatic tests, enabling consistent
operation without operator input. It stores results and can
Guard terminal
Guards out parallel resistance down to 250 kΩ
Maximum additional error 5% @ 100 MΩ
be operated from a PC. Flexible power supply options and
robust, portable construction allow the instrument to be used
Operational supply
95 - 280 V ac
12 - 15 V ac or dc
in a wide variety of applications. It is particularly suitable for
Test time
15 seconds to 90 minutes
cables.
analysing the insulation of large machines, HV generators and
Battery
Internal rechargeable
12 V, 7 Ah lead acid battery
Battery life
At least 8 hours from a fully charged
battery
Battery indicator
Bargraph level indicator
Display
Backlit dot matrix LCD (256 x 128 pixels)
Safety
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Dignostic insulation tester
Order Code
S1-5010
Included accessories
3 x 3 m (10 ft) HV leads
RS232 communication lead
8101-181
25955-025
PC download software
6220-652
Test record cards (5)
6172-112
Environmental
Accessory pouch
6420-116
Ingress protection (with side door IP654
closed)
User guide
6172-283
Operating temperature
-20 ºC to 50 ºC (-4 to +122 ºF)
Fused test lead set
6320-240
Storage temperature
-25 ºC to 65 ºC (-13 to 149 ºF)
3 x 8 m (25 ft) HV leads
8101-182
Humidity
90% RH non-condensing at 40 ºC
(104 ºF)
3 x 15 m (50 ft) HV leads
8101-183
Shielded test lead set 15 m (50 ft)
6311-080
12 V dc automative charging lead
6231-584
S1-S1 PC software for remote operation and
data storage
6220-644
CB101, 5 kV calibration box
6311-077
Conforms to IEC 61010-1 voltmeter rated for use on 300 V phase to earth
systems, category III
Mechanical data
Dimensions
327 x 316 x 196 mm (12.8 x 12.4
x 7.7 in.)
Weight
9 kg (19.8 lbs)
Www.megger.com
Optional accessories
25
2
MJ15 and BM15
Analogue 5 kV insulation testers
SPECIFICATIONS
Insulation range
100 kΩ to 20 GΩ (also 0 Ω and ∞)
Test voltages (d.c.)
500 V, 1000 V, 2500 V and 5000 V
Test voltage accuracy
±5% of nominal test voltages on 20 MΩ load
Accuracy
±2,5% f.s.d. a.c. (with rotary switch in the V position)
Terminal voltage characteristics
MJ15 and BM15
n
n
Four test voltages to 5 kV
(MJ15) giving the best of both
worlds
Environmental
Dual power supply option
n Resilient mounted analogue
Operational temperature
0 ºC to 30 ºC at full specification
-20 ºC to 50 ºC with temperature
coefficient ±1%/ ºC
Capacitance measurement
(above 500 V)
10 nF to 50 μF (dependent on test
voltage)
scale for robustness
n
Storage temperature
-25 ºC to 65 ºC
Voltage range to 600 V
Humidity range
90% RH at 40 ºC
indicates auto discharge
Power supply
n Pass/fail overlays for rapid testing
n Single scale for insulation values to avoid operator error
Low voltage brushless generator and 8 x AA cells (LR6 or rechargeable)
Dimensions (H x W x D)
220 mm x 160 mm x 115 mm
Description
Weight BM15
1.2 kg
BM15 and MJ15 are compact 5 kV insulation testers. They are
Weight MJ15
1.6 kg or 1.8 kg with battery holder
and cells
Mechanical data
very simple to use and provide a quick and accurate reading
of insulation resistance. The instruments use an analogue
display with a maximum reading of 20 GΩ. The BM15 is
If you need...
powered by batteries only. The MJ15 has an additional handcranked generator.
a 5 kV insulation tester with very high noise rejection
(for example if you are working in an electrically noisy
substation), then S1-554/2 might be what you need
The BM15 is powered by 8 x LR6 (AA) alkaline cells. The MJ15
comes with a hand cranked generator plus batteries. If the
See page 23
test button is pressed the MJ15 uses battery power. Otherwise
the crank handle is turned to save battery power or for use
when the batteries are unavailable.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
Product
Order Code
Hand crank/battery 5 kV insulation tester
MJ15
Optional accessories
Battery powered 5 kV insulation tester
BM15
Fused test probes, 1,5 m long (2 used)
6320-240
Test record card (Pack of 20)
6111-216
CB101; 5 kV calibration box
6311-077
Included accessories
User guide
6172-209
3 x 3 m HV leads
8101-181
Carrying case with lead storage
6420-117
Slide in pass band overlay (5 supplied)
Test record card (pack of 5)
6121-401
(U.S 210949)
8 x AA cells (LR6 or rechargeable)
2
26
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
5 and 15 kV Megohmmeter
Megohmmeters
SPECIFICATIONS
Input voltage
120 Vac, 60 Hz
Output current 5 kV
Megohmmeter
5 mA continuous
Output current 15 kV
Megohmmeter
2 mA continuous (stabiliser out)
50 µA continuous (at 15 kV, stabliser
in)
Short circuit current
12 mA max.
Environmental
Operating temperature
-17.7 to +50 ºC (0 to 122 ºF)
Mechanical data
5 kV
Dimensions (H x W x D)
254 x 260 x 355 mm
(10 x 10.2 x 14 inches)
15 kV
Dimensions (H x W x D)
317 x 292 x 514 mm
(12.5 x 11.5 x 20.2 inches)
5 kV Weight
9.3 kg (20.5 lb)
15 kV Weight
15.9 kg (35 lb)
Applications
Megohmmeter
The units are suitable for dielectric absorption and step
nContinuously variable test voltage
nRugged field construction
nCircuit-breaker protection
voltage testng. Two models are available:
The 5 kV Megohmmeter measures up to 100,000 MΩ;
provides output from 250 volts to 5 kV, with direct reading up
50,000 MΩ at 2.5 kV.
The 15 kV Megohmmeter provides direct reading measurements up to 100,000 MΩ at 5 kV and up to 200,000 MΩ at
10 kV, with a multiplying factor for all other voltaes up to
15 kV.
Description
The 5 and 15 kV Megohmmeters are high-voltage, lineoperated instruments. They provide a continuously variable
test voltage for highly sensitive insulation resistance measurements of all types of electrical equipment and power cable.
The 15 kV model also features an internal voltage stabiliser
that may be activated for improved measurement under
The instruments are designed to withstand harsh field
conditions, and feature tough, impact-resistance casing,
extreme field conditions. Separate on/off controls are
provided for power and high voltage, and red light indicates
when high voltage is on.
removable lids and adjustable carrying straps. For complete
portability, there is ample room in each case to store cables
and the instruction manual.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
Product
Order Code
5 kV Megohmmeter
210400
Optional accessories
15 kV Megohmmeter
210415
Test record card, 0 to 1000 GΩ
Included accessories
Ground connection cable, 3 m (10 ft)
Test record card, universal
Power cord, for CAT No.
Instruction manual for 5 kV model
Instruction manual for 15 kV model
Www.megger.com
4702
210954
17032
AVTM21-40JA
AVTM21415JA
210959
Test report sheet for rotating equipment
210951-1
Test report sheet for power transformers
210951-2
Test report sheet for power cables
210951-3
Bushing guard spring
“Lowdown on HV DC Testing” manual
“A Stitch in Time” manual
217003
AVTM22P-1
AVTM21-P8B
See page 18
27
2
MIT30
30 kV HV insulation tester
SPECIFICATIONS
Output
Output
0 to 30 kV dc (variable negative with
respect to earth/ground)
Maximum current
330 μA
Peak-peak ripple
<0.4%
Line regulation
0.03%
Load regulation
0.001%
Current
330 μA continuous
User selectable trip from 0 to 360 μA
Accuracy
Voltage meter
±1.5% (full scale), 10 V resolution
Current meter
±1.5% (full scale), 100 nA resolution
Input
Mains ac/dc
ac - 85 - 264 V ac, 47 - 440 Hz
dc - 110 - 350 V dc <75 VA
Environmental
MIT30
nContinuously variable test voltage, 0 – 30 kV
n Test current 0 - 330 μA
nOutput voltage accuracy, + 1.5% (full scale)
n Built-in adjustable ionization indicator
nFail-safe grounding and “zero-start” switches
Operating temperature
-10 ºC to +55 ºC (14 ºF to 131 ºF)
Storage temperature
-20 °C to +70 °C (-4 ºF to +158 ºF)
Humidity
0 to 90% RH (non-condensing)
Maximum altitude (full rating)
1600 m (MSL)
Ingress protection
IP67 when closed for transport (Def
Stan 81-41/STANAG 4280)
IP52 when in use
Mechanical data
Dimensions (H x W x D)
360 mm x 304 mm x 194 mm
(14 in x 12 x 8 in)
Weight
10 kg (22 lb)
Description
The MIT30 is a portable 30 kV insulation tester that has been
developed to satisfy the demand for a variety of high voltage,
high accuracy, low current applications. The MIT30 is used to
undertake HV insulation tests (proof/ hi-pot test) on insulating
material where low levels of leakage current, down to an
accuracy of 100 nA, need to be measured.
The MIT30 has a test current of up to 330 μA, and user
selectable trip levels from 0 to 360 μA, provide protection to
the test piece against flashovers (arcing) and further damage
in the event of a breakdown. An audible ionization indicator
gives an audio indication of any electrical discharges present
during the test period.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
30 kV high-voltage insulation tester
MIT30
Included accessories
HV triaxial output cable, 3 m
Input power cord
SKRC080509
17032
Instruction manual
AVTMMIT30
Optional accessories
High voltage resistance discharge stick
“The Lowdown on High-Voltage DC Testing”
Guide
2
28
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
222070-62
AVTM22P-1
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
5 and 15 kV
Dielectric test sets
SPECIFICATIONS
Input
120 Vac, 50/60 Hz
Output
Cat. No. 220005
Voltage (maximum)
0 to 5 kV dc, negative with respect
to ground
Current meter
5 mA continuous
Metering
Kilovoltmeter
102 mm (4 in.) taut band with two
ranges, 0 to 2.5 and 0 to 5 kV
Current meter
102 mm (4 in.) taut band with four
ranges, 0 to 5/50/500 μA and 5 mA
Cat. No. 220015
Voltage
0 to 15 kV dc, negative with respect
to ground
Current
2 mA continuous
Short Circuit
12 mA max., limited by circuit
breaker
Metering
Kilovoltmeter
102 mm (4 in.) taut band with two
ranges, 0 to 7.5 and 0 to 15.0 kV
Current meter
102 mm (4 in.) taut band with four
ranges, 0 to 5/50/500 μA and 5 mA
Environmental
Operating temperature
–17.7 to +50 °C (-0 to 122 °F)
Storage temperature
-4 ºF to +158 ºF (-20 °C to +70 °C)
Humidity
0 to 90% RH (non-condensing)
Maximum altitude (full rating)
1600 m (MSL)
Ingress protection
IP67 when closed for transport (Def
Stan 81-41/STANAG 4280)
IP52 when in use
Mechanical data
Dimensions (H x W x D)
360 mm x 304 mm x 194 mm
(14 in x 12 x 8 in)
Weight
10 kg (22 lb)
5 and 15 kV
nContinuously variable test voltage
nRugged field construction
nCompact and portable
Description
Dielectric test sets measure leakage current while applying a
dc voltage at or above the insulation system’s operating level.
This measurement aids in determining the insulation system’s
ability to withstand overvoltages such as lightning strikes and
switching surges.
Two models are available; a 5 kV unit for testing equipment
rated 2.5 kV and below, and a 15 kV model for use on
equipment rated 7.5 kV and below. Both are suitable for
testing power cable, switchgear and rotating machinery in
accordance with IEEE, ICEA, NEMA and ANSI guidelines.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Because Megger dc dielectric test sets act like full-wave
Order Code
5 kV
220005
15 kV
220015
rectified units, they also are suitable for applications involving
vacuum bottles.
Included accessories
Ground connection cable, 3 m [10 ft]
kV/MΩ test record graph paper (100 sheet pad)
Power cord, Cat. No. 220015
4702
220000
17032
Instruction manual, Cat. No. 220005
AVTM22-5JB
Instruction manual, Cat. No. 220015
AVTM22-15JA
Optional accessories
Strip chart recorder
High-voltage resistance discharge stick
Internal voltage stabilizer, Cat. No. 220015 only
Special cable lengths
“The Lowdown on High-Voltage DC Testing”
Www.megger.com
220003
222070-62
Add –50
Add –56
AVTM22P-1
29
2
DC Insulation
Testers
Accurate and reliable condition assessment of insulations in transformers,
bushings, generators and cables is essential to substation maintenance.
These diagnostic insulation testing systems maximize the outcome of
maintenance activities allowing for load and service life optimization.
Using this advanced equipment and plotting the results of your tests
as a curve makes it possible to assess the condition of the oil and solid
insulation, assess the moisture level in the solid insulation and other
potential insulation problems.
2.2
2
30
Selection guide............................................................................................ 31
Technical information................................................................................... 32
FRAX99/100................................................................................................ 36
FRAX150 .................................................................................................... 38
IDAX............................................................................................................ 40
DELTA4000.................................................................................................. 42
CB100......................................................................................................... 45
AC and AC/DC high pot tester..................................................................... 46
70, 120, 160 kV DC high voltage DC dielectric test sets............................... 48
670025 series.............................................................................................. 50
Optional accessories..................................................................................... 52
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
n feature
FRAX
99/
100
IDAX
DELTA
4000
CB100
Intelligent temperature correction
n
n
n
Voltage dependent
n
n
n
n
n
n
£ option
FRAX
150
AC and
AC DC
high pot
70, 120,
160 kV
DC
670025
series
n
n
n
Result management
Data storage
USB download
Mains power
n
n
High noise immunity
High test current
Included software
PowerDB Lite
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
PowerDB
£
£
£
£
£
£
£
£
n
n
IDAX software
n
MODS software
n
Diagnostic capability
n
Www.megger.com
31
2
FRAX
Sweep frequency response analyzer
Introduction
Good Connections
Bad connections can compromise the test results which is why
Power transformers are some of the most vital components in
FRAX offers a rugged test clamp that ensures good connection to
today’s transmission and distribution infrastructure. Transformer
the bushings and solid connections to the instrument.
failures cost enormous amounts of money in unexpected outages
and unscheduled maintenance. It is important to avoid these failures
and make testing and diagnostics reliable and efficient.
The FRAX Sweep Frequency Response Analyzer (SFRA) detects
potential mechanical and electrical problems that other methods
are unable to detect. Major utilities and service companies have
used the FRA method for more than a decade. The measurement
is easy to perform and will capture a unique “fingerprint” of
the transformer. The measurement is compared to a reference
“fingerprint” and gives a direct answer if the mechanical parts
Contacts made with the C-clamp
guarantee good connections
of the transformer are unchanged or not. Deviations indicate
geometrical and/or electrical changes within the transformer.
Power transformers are specified to withstand mechanical forces
Shortest Braid Concept
from both transportation and in-service events, such as faults and
The connection from the cable shield to ground has to be the same
lightning. However, mechanical forces may exceed specified limits
during severe incidents or when the insulation’s mechanical strength
has weakened due to aging. A relatively quick test where the
for every measurement on a given transformer. Traditional ground
connections techniques have issues when it comes to providing
repeatable conditions. This causes unwanted variations in the
fingerprint response is compared to a post event response allows
measured response for the highest frequencies that makes analysis
for a reliable decision on whether the transformer safely can be put
difficult.
back into service or if further diagnostics is required.
The FRAX braid drops down from the connection clamp next to
the insulating discs to the ground connection at the base of the
bushing. This creates near identical conditions every time you
connect to a bushing whether it is tall or short.
Collecting fingerprint data using Frequency Response Analysis (FRA) is an
easy way to detect electro-mechanical problems in power transformers
and an investment that will save time and money.
Considerations When Performing
SFRA Measurements
The laptop can be operated by touch screen and the communication is
wireless via Bluetooth. Measurement ground braids connect close to the
connection clamps and run next to the bushing to the flange connection
to avoid cable loops that otherwise affect the measurement.
SFRA measurements are compared over time or between different
test objects. This accentuates the need to perform the test with
the highest repeatability and eliminates the influence from
external parameters such as cables, connections and instrument
performance. FRAX offers all the necessary tools to ensure that the
measured curve represents the internal condition of the transformer.
2
32
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
FRAX
Sweep frequency response analyzer
The Power of Wireless
FRAX 101 uses class 1 Bluetooth® wireless communication. Class
1 Bluetooth® has up to 100 m range and is designed for industrial
applications. An optional internal battery pack is available for full
wireless flexibility. Shorter and more light-weight cables can be used
when the user is liberated from cable communication and power
supply cables.
A standard USB interface (galvanically isolated) is included for users
who prefer a direct connection to their PC.
FTB 101 Field Test Box
Import and export
The FRAX software can import data files from other FRA instruments
FRAX detects problems such as:
making it possible to compare data obtained using another
n
FRA unit. FRAX can import and export data according to the
n
Shorted turns and open windings
international XFRA standard format as well as standard CSV and
n
Loosened clamping structures
TXT formats.
n
Broken clamping structures
n
Core connection problems
n
Partial winding collapse
n
The software offers the user an unmatched feature that allows for
Faulty core grounds
n
fast and efficient testing. Traditional SFRA systems use a logarithmic
Core movements
n
Hoop buckling
Optimized Sweep Setting
spacing of measurement points. This results in as many test points
Winding deformations and displacements
between 20 Hz and 200 Hz as between 200 KHz and 2 MHz and a
relatively long measurement time.
The frequency response from the transformer contains a few
resonances in the low frequency range but a lot of resonances
at higher frequencies. FRAX allows the user to specify less
measurement points at lower frequencies and high measurement
point density at higher frequencies. The result is a much faster
sweep with greater detail where it is needed.
Variable Voltage
The applied test voltage may affect the response at lower
frequencies. Some FRA instruments do not use the 10 V peakto-peak used by major manufacturers and this may complicate
comparisons between tests. FRAX standard voltage is 10 V peak-topeak but FRAX also allows the user to adjust the applied voltage to
match the voltage used in a different test.
FTB 101
Several international FRA guides recommends to verify the integrity
of cables and instrument before and after a test using a test
circuit with a known FRA response supplied by the equipment
manufacturer. FRAX comes with a field test box FTB101 as a
standard accessory and allows the user to perform this important
validation in the field at any time and secure measurement quality.
Www.megger.com
33
2
FRAX
Sweep frequency response analyzer
Method Basics
Analysis and Software
A transformer consists of multiple capacitances, inductances
As a general guideline, shorted turns, magnetization and other
and resistors, a very complex circuit that generates a unique
problems related to the core alter the shape of the curve in
fingerprint or signature when test signals are injected at discrete
the lowest frequencies. Medium frequencies represent axial or
frequencies and responses are plotted as a curve.
radial movements in the windings and high frequencies indicate
Capacitance is affected by the distance between conductors.
problems involving the cables from the windings, to bushings
Movements in the winding will consequently affect capacitances
and tap changers.
and change the shape of the
curve.
The SFRA method is based on
comparisons between measured
curves where variations are
detected. One SFRA test consists
of multiple sweeps and reveals
if the transformer’s mechanical
or electrical integrity has been
jeopardized.
Practical Application
In its standard application, a
“finger print” reference curve for each winding is captured when
the transformer is new or when it is in a known good condition.
An example of low, medium and high frequencies
These curves can later be used as reference during maintenance
tests or when there is reason to suspect a problem.
The FRAX Software provides numerous features to allow for
The most reliable method is the time based comparison where
efficient data analysis. Unlimited tests can be open at the
curves are compared over time on measurements from the same
same time and the user has full control on which sweeps to
transformer. Another method utilizes type based comparisons
compare. The response can be viewed in traditional Magnitude
between “sister transformers” with the same design. Lastly, a
vs. Frequency and/or Phase vs. Frequency view. The user can
construction based comparison can, under certain conditions, be
also choose to present the data in an Impedance or Admittance
used when comparing measurements between windings in the
vs. Frequency view for powerful analysis on certain transformer
same transformer.
types.
These comparative tests can be performed 1) before and after
transportation, 2) after severe through faults 3) before and
after overhaul and 4) as diagnostic test if you suspect potential
problems. One SFRA test can detect winding problems that
requires multiple tests with different kinds of test equipment or
problems that cannot be detected with other techniques at all.
The SFRA test presents a quick and cost effective way to assess
if damages have occurred or if the transformer can safely be
energized again. If there is a problem, the test result provides
valuable information that can be used as decision support when
determining further action.
Having a reference measurement on a mission critical transformer
when an incident has occurred is, therefore, a valuable
investment as it will allow for an easier and more reliable analysis.
The figure above shows a single phase transformer after a service
overhaul where, by mistake, the core ground never got connected (red),
and after the core ground was properly connected (green). This potential
problem clearly showed up at frequencies between 1 kHz and 10 kHz and
a noticeable change is also visible in the 10 kHz - 200 kHz range.
2
34
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
FRAX
Sweep frequency response analyzer
Test Object Browser — Unlimited number of tests
and sweeps. Full user control.
Quick Select Tabs — Quickly change presentation
view for different perspectives and analysis tools.
Sweep/Curve Settings — Every sweep can be
individually turned on or off, change color,
thickness and position.
Dynamic Zoom — Zoom in and move your
focus to any part of the curve.
Quick Graph Buttons — Programmable graph
setting lets you change views quickly and easily.
Operation Buttons — All essential functions at your
fingertips; select with mouse, function keys or touch
screen.
Built-in-decision support is provided by using a built-in
analysis tool based on the international standard DL/T 911-2004.
Automated analysis compares two curves using an algorithm that
compare amplitude as well as frequency shift and lets you know if
the difference is severe, obvious, or light.
Www.megger.com
35
2
FRAX99/101
Sweep frequency response analyzer
SPECIFICATIONS
General
FRA method
Sweep frequency (SFRA)
Frequency range
0.1 Hz - 25 MHz, user selectable
Number of points
Default 1046,
User selectable up to 32,000
Measurement time
Default 64 s, fast setting,
37 s (20 Hz - 2 MHz)
Points spacing
Log., linear or both
FRAX99 Dynamic range/
noise floor
>115 dB
FRAX101 Dynamic range/
noise floor
>130 dB
FRAX99 Accuracy
±0.3 dB down to -105 dB
(10 Hz - 10 MHz)
FRAX101 Accuracy
±0.5 dB down to -100 dB
(10 Hz - 10 MHz)
IF bandwith/integration
time
User selectable (10% default)
Software
FRAX for Windows 2000/XP/ Vista
FRAX99 PC
communication
USB (galvanically isolated)
FRAX101
FRAX100 PC
communication
Bluetooth and USB (galvanically isolated)
n
n
Smallest and most rugged FRA instrument in the industry
Calibration interval
Max. 3 years
practice and high-performance instrumentation
n
Fulfills all international standards for SFRA Standards/guides
measurements
n
n
Highest dynamic range and accuracy in the industry
Fulfill requirements in Cigré Brochure 342,
2008
Mechanical condition assessment of
transformer windings using FRA and
Chinese standard DL/T 911-2004, FRA
on winding deformation of power
transformers, as well as other international
standards and recommendations
software
n
Imports data from other FRA test sets
Highest possible repeatability by using reliable cable
Advanced analysis and decision support built into the Analogue output
FRAX99
As FRAX101 except:
n
No internal battery option
n
No Bluetooth
n
Dynamic range >115 dB
n
Fixed output voltage
n
Soft transport bag
n
Standard cable set
n
No active probes
Channels
1
Compliance voltage
20 V peak to peak
Measurement voltage
at 50 Ω
10 V peak to peak
Output impedance
50 Ω
Protection
Short circuit protected
Analogue input
Channels
2
Sampling
Simultaneously
Input impedance
50 Ω
Sampling rate
100 MS/s
Temperature range
Description
The FRAX Sweep Frequency Response Analyzer (SFRA)
Operating temperature
-20 ºC to +50 ºC (-4 ºF to +122 ºF)
Operating humidity
<90% non-condensing
Storage temperature
-20 ºC to 70 ºC (-4 ºF to +158 ºF)
Safety
detects potential mechanical and electrical problems that
IEC61010 (LVD) EN61326 (EMC)
other methods are unable to detect. Major utilities and
service companies have used the FRA method for more than a
decade.
2
36
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
FRAX99/101
Sweep frequency response analyzer
Specifications continued
FRAX99 Mechanical data
Dimensions with case
335 x 310 x 110 mm
(13.2 x 12.2 x 4.3 in.)
Soft case dimensions
450 x 300 x 150 mm
(17.7 x 11.8 x 5.9 in.)
Instrument weight
1.4 kg (3.1 lbs)
Instrument and case
weight
2.5 kg (5.5 lbs)
Soft case with accessories
weight
8 kg (17.6 lbs)
Total weight
10.5 kg (23 lbs)
FRAX101 Mechanical data
Dimensions
250 x 169 x 52 mm
(9.84 x 6.65 x 2.05 in.)
Dimensions with case
520 x 460 x 220 mm
(20.5 x 18.1 x 8.7 in.)
Instrument weight
1.4 kg (3.1 lbs)
Case and accessories
weight
15 kg (33 lbs)
PC requirements (PC not included)
Operating system
Windows 2000/XP/Vista
Processor
Pentium 500 MHz
Memory
256 Mb RAM or more
Hard drive
Minimum 30 Mb free
FRAX 99 Interface
USB
FRAX101 Interface
Wireless or USB (client)
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
FRAX 99 complete with:
ac/dc adapter, mains cable, ground cable 5 m
(16 ft), soft transport case, USB cable, Windows
software, 4 x 3 m (10 ft) ground braid set, 2 x
C-clamp, field test box FTB 101, generator cable
9 m (30 ft), measure cable 9 m (30 ft), manual
FRAX 99 complete with:
ac/dc adapter, mains cable, ground cable 5 m
(16 ft), soft transport case, USB cable, Windows
software, 4 x 3 m (10 ft) ground braid set, 2 x
C-clamp, field test box FTB 101, generator cable
18 m (60 ft), measure cable 18 m (60 ft), manual
FRAX101 complete with:
ac/dc adapter, mains cable, ground cable 5 m
(16 ft), transport case, USB cable, Bluetooth
adapter, Windows software, 4 x 3 m (10 ft) ground
braid set, 2 x C-clamp, field test box, generator
cable 18 m (59 ft), measure cable 18 m (59 ft),
manual
FRAX101, including battery, complete with:
ac/dc adapter, mains cable, ground cable 5 m
(16 ft), transport case, USB cable, Bluetooth
adapter, Windows software, 4 x 3 m (10 ft) ground
braid set, 2 x C-clamp, field test box, generator
cable 18 m (59 ft), measure cable 18 m (59 ft),
battery pack, manual
Www.megger.com
Order Code
Product
Order Code
Optional accessories for FRAX99/101
AC-29090
AC-29092
Calibration set
AC-90020
FRAX demo box FDB 101
AC-90050
FRAX generator cable, 2 x BNC, 9 m (30 ft)
GC-30040
FRAX generator cable, 2 x BNC, 18 m (59 ft)
GC-30042
FRAX measure cable, 1 x BNC, 9 m (30 ft)
GC-30050
FRAX measure cable, 2 x BNC, 18 m (59 ft)
GC-30052
FRAX for Windows
SA-AC101
Optional accessories for FRAX101
AC-19090
Battery option, 4.8 Ah
AC-90010
Calibration set
AC-90020
Active impedance porbe AIP 101
AC-90030
Active voltage probe AVP 101
AC-90040
Ground braid set, 4 x 3 m including clamps
GC-30031
FRAX C-Clamp
GC-80010
AC-19091
37
2
FRAX150
Sweep frequency response analyzer
Close-up of FRAX 150 control panel
Test button
Built-in mouse with
Left and Right click
buttons (sealed to
protect from dust and
other contaminants)
Navigation arrows
FRAX150
n
n
Highest dynamic range and accuracy in the industry
Enter key
Built-in PC with powerful backlit screen for use in direct sunlight
n
Highest possible repeatability by using reliable cable practice and high-performance instrumentation
n
Fulfills all international standards for SFRA measurements
n
Advanced analysis and decision support built into the software
n
Imports data from other FRA test sets
included accessories
Description
The FRAX 150 Sweep Frequency Response Analyzer (SFRA)
detects potential mechanical and electrical problems that
other methods are unable to detect. Major utilities and
service companies have used the FRA method for more than a
decade. The measurement is easy to perform and will capture
a unique “fingerprint” of the transformer. The measurement
is compared to a reference “fingerprint” and gives a direct
answer if the mechanical parts of the transformer are
unchanged or not. Deviations indicate geometrical and/or
electrical changes within the transformer.
Included accessories shown above: Mains cable, ground cable, (2) ground
braid sets, (2) earth/ground braid leads (insulated), (2) C-clamps,
generator cable, measure cable, field test box, nylon accessory pouch,
(2) earth/ground braids with clamp, and canvas carrying bag for test leads
FRAX 105 detects problems such as:
n
Winding deformations and displacements
Shorted turns and open windings
Loosened clamping structures
Broken clamping structures
Core connection problems
Partial winding collapse
Faulty core grounds
Core movements
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
2
38
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
FRAX150
Sweep frequency response analyzer
SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications continued
Analogue input
General
FRA method
Sweep frequency (SFRA)
Channels
2
Frequency range
0.1 Hz - 25 MHz, user selectable
Sampling
Simultaneously
Number of points
Default 1046,
User selectable up to 32,000
Input impedance
50 Ω
Sampling rate
100 MS/s
Measurement time
Default 64 s, fast setting,
37 s (20 Hz - 2 MHz)
Operating system
Windows® based
Points spacing
Log., linear or both
Memory
1000 records in internal memory. External
storage on USB stick
Dynamic range/noise
floor
>130 dB
Temperature range
Accuracy
±0.5 dB down to -100 dB
(10 Hz - 10 MHz)
IF bandwith/integration
time
User selectable (10% default)
Software
FRAX for Windows
Safety
Calibration interval
Max. 3 years
IEC61010 (LVD) EN61326 (EMC)
Mechanical data
Standards/guides
Fulfill requirements in Cigré Brochure 342,
2008
Mechanical condition assessment of
transformer windings using FRA and
Chinese standard DL/T 911-2004, FRA
on winding deformation of power
transformers, as well as other international
standards and recommendations
Input power
90 - 264 V ac, 47 - 63 Hz
Operating temperature
-0 ºC to +50 ºC (-32 ºF to +122 ºF)
Operating humidity
<90% non-condensing
Storage temperature
-20 ºC to 70 ºC (-4 ºF to +158 ºF)
Storage humidity
<90% non-condensing
Dimensions
305 x 194 x 360 mm
(12 x 7.6 x 14.2 in.)
Instrument weight
6 kg (13 lbs)
Analogue output
Channels
1
Compliance voltage
Output voltage 0.2 - 24 V peak to peak
(open circuit)
Measurement voltage
at 50 Ω
10 V (adjustable 0.1 - 1.2 V)
Output impedance
50 Ω
Protection
Short circuit protected
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
FRAX150 with 18 m (60 ft) leads
FRAX150 with 9 m (30 ft) leads
Order Code
AC-39090
AC-39092
Product
Included accessories
AC power cord (IEC60320-C13 to US standand)
17032
AC power cord (IEC60320-13 to Schuko CEE 7/7)
17032-13
Canvas carrying bag (for leadset)
3015-211
Ground cables 5 m (16 ft)
1001-428
FRAX software for PC
1001-427
2 x 3 m (9 ft) earth/ground braid lead
GC-30033
2 x 3 m (9 ft) earth/ground braid lead (insulated)
GC-30036
2 x C-clamp (bushing clamps)
GC-80010
Www.megger.com
Product
Order Code
2 x C-clamp (ground bushing clamps)
GC-80020
FRAX generator cable, 2 x BNC, 9 m (30 ft)
GC-30042
FRAX measure cable, 2 x BNC, 18 m (60 ft)
GC-30052
Field demo box FTB 101
AC-90060
2 x 305 mm (1 ft) earth/ground braid with clamp
GC-90060
Nylon accessory bag
GD-31040
User manual
AVTMFRAX150
Optional accessories
Calibration set
AC-90020
FRAX demo box FDB 101
AC-90050
39
2
IDAX300
Insulation diagnostic analyzer
Application
IDAX is a revolutionary insulation diagnostic instrument based
on DFR (Dielectric Frequency Response), also known as FDS
(Frequency Domain Spectroscopy). This analysis technique has
been used in laboratories for decades and IDA/IDAX was the
first instrument designed for field use (1997). The IDA/IDAX
instrument and measurement principle has been used and
verified around the world over the last ten years.
One of the most important applications for IDAX is to
determine the moisture content in transformer insulation.
Moisture in the insulation significantly accelerates the aging
process. Moisture can cause bubbles between windings,
resulting in catastrophic failures. IDAX provides reliable
moisture assessments in one test. The test can be made at any
temperature and takes less than 18 minutes.
IDAX300
n
Fast and accurate moisture assessment in power transformers
n
Well proven technology; IDA/IDAX units have been in field use for more than 10 years
n
n
Reliable results at any temperature
conductivity — decisions at your finger tip
n
True frequency domain measurement for highest noise immunity
n
Performs non-intrusive insulation testing of transformers, bushings, cables and generators
Automated analysis of moisture content and oil Description
IDAX 300 provides an accurate and reliable condition
assessment of insulation in transformers, bushings, generators
and cables. The IDAX 300 system maximizes the outcome
of maintenance activities allowing for load and service life
optimization.
Decisions on maintenance and/or replacement should be
based on knowing the condition of the insulation and the
expected loading of the unit. Adding just a few operational
years to the expected end-of-life for a transformer, generator
or cable by optimizing the working condition based on
reliable diagnostic data means substantial cost savings for the
equipment owner.
The FDS technology can also be used to assess the condition
and aging of the insulation in bushings, CTs and circuit
breakers. Numerous ongoing research projects at institutes
and universities around the world is adding experience and
value to users of IDAX.
IDAX 300 provides reliable data using true DFR (Dielectric
Frequency Response), also known as FDS (Frequency Domain
Spectroscopy), without compromises. The state-of-the-art
software makes testing both easier and faster, allowing
transformer moisture assessment in less than 18 minutes.
IDAX 300 measures the capacitance and tan delta/power
factor of the insulation between power transformer windings
at multiple frequencies. Plotting the results as a curve makes it
possible to assess the condition of the oil and solid insulation,
assess the moisture level in the solid insulation and other
potential insulation problems. The test can be performed at
any temperature.
2
40
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
IDAX300
Insulation diagnostic analyzer
Specifications Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to change
without notice.
Environment
Application field
Temperature
Operating
Storage & transport
Humidity
The instrument is intended for use
in high-voltage substations and
industrial environments.
0 °C to +50 °C (32 °F to +122 °F)
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to
+158 °F)
95% RH, non-condensing
CE-marking
EMC
LVD
2004/108/EC
2006/95/EC
General
Mains voltage
Power consumption
Dimensions
Instrument
Transport case
Weight
Instrument
Case & instrument
Accessories
Communication ports
90 - 265 V AC, 50 / 60 Hz
250 VA (max)
335 x 300 x 99 mm
(17.7” x 6.3” x 16.1”)
520 x 430 x 220 mm (20.5” x 17”
x 8.7”)
4.9 kg (11 lbs)
9.9 kg (22 lbs)
8.5 kg (18 lbs) soft bag
USB 2.0 and LAN
Measuring section
Inputs
Capacitance range
Accuracy
Dissipation factor range
Inaccuracy
Noise Level
Test Modes, 2 Channels
Calibration
Channel 1, channel 2, ground
10 pF - 100 µF
0.5% +1 pF
0 - 10 (with retained accuracy of
capacitance; otherwise higher)
>1% +0.0003, 1 mHz - 100 Hz,
C > 1 nF
>2% +0.0005, 100 Hz – 1 kHz,
C > 1 nF
Max 500 μA at 50 Hz/60 Hz
UST-1, UST-2, UST-1+2, GST,
GST-Guard-1, GST-Guard-2,
GST-Guard-1+2. With 2-ch
measurement option additionally
UST-1+UST-2, UST-1+GST-Guard-2,
UST-2+GST-Guard-1, UST-1+2+GST
Calibration set allows field
calibration, recommended interval
2 years
Output
Voltage/current ranges,
10 V
Voltage/current ranges,
200 V
Frequency range
PC requirements
Operating system
Processor
Memory
Interface
Www.megger.com
0 – 10 V peak 0 – 50 mA peak
0 – 200 V peak 0 – 50 mA peak
0.1 mHz - 10 kHz
Windows 2000/ XP / Vista / 7
Pentium 500 MHz
512 Mb RAM or more
USB 2.0
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
IDAX300
AG-19090
IDAX300S
AG-19092
Included accessories
Mains cable
Ground cable 5 m (16 ft),
GC-30060
Generator cable 18 m (59 ft),
GC-30312
Measurement cable, red 18 m (59 ft)
GC-30322
Measurement cable, blue 18 m (59 ft)
GC-30332
USB cable
Windows software
Transport case
Soft case for cable
User manual
Optional accessories
Calibration set
AG-90010
Demo box IDB300
AG-90020
2nd channel option (factory upgrade to
IDAX300S
AG-90200
Generator cable, 9 m (30 ft)
GC-30310
Measurement cable, 9 m (30 ft), red
GC-30320
Measurement cable, 9 m (30 ft), blue
GC-30330
IDAX for Windows
SA-AG101
41
2
DELTA4000
12 kV Insulation diagnostic system
Measurements include voltage, current, power (loss), tan
delta, power factor and capacitance. The test results are
automatically stored in the computer and can also be
downloaded directly to USB storage or a printer.
At present two options are available, the DELTA4310 is a
complete stand alone test system with on-board PC control,
while the DELTA4110 requires an external computer.
DELTA4000
n
Automatic and manual operation for power factor/tan delta measurements
n
Accurate and repeatable measurement results with high noise suppression for the most extreme conditions
n
Lightweight, rugged two-piece design, with unit weights of 14 kg and 22 kg
n
New built-in intelligent temperature correction eliminates the need for temperature correction tables (patent pending)
n
New automatic voltage dependence detection (patent pending)
DELTA4110 test set
to be used with external
computer
DELTA4310 test set with
onboard computer
Industry leading performance and accuracy
n
Generates its own test signal - resulting in accurate and clean measurements even in the most severe conditions and in the event power is required from a portable generator.
n
High noise suppression and advanced signal acquisition circuitry can handle up to 15 mA interference current or a signal to noise ratio of up to 1:20 resulting in extremely The new DELTA4000 series is a fully automatic 12 kV insulation
accurate and clean measurements even in the most severe power factor/dissipation factor (tan∂) test set designed for
conditions.
condition assessment of electrical insulation in high voltage
n
Industry leading frequency range (1-500 Hz) reveals apparatus such as transformers, bushings, circuit breakers,
details in the insulation characteristics that are not possible cables, lightning arresters and rotating machinery. In addition
to detect with other test sets.
n
Intelligent temperature correction (patent pending) allows the user to estimate the actual temperature dependence of the test object by measuring tan delta over a frequency range. Mathematically calculating accurate individual
Description
to performing insulation power factor tests, the DELTA4000
series can be used to measure the excitation current of
transformer windings as well as to perform automatic tip-up
tests and HV turns-ratio testing (an optional TTR capacitor is
available).
temperature correction results in a more accurate The test set is designed to provide a comprehensive AC
measurement of the insulating material’s conditon.
insulation diagnostic test. The high power variable frequency
n
Automatic voltage dependence detection (patent pending). Various high voltage components may have a voltage dependence where tip-up testing is recommended (i.e. the dissipation factor is pending test voltage). The DELTA4000 series has a patented method for detecting voltage dependence and gives the user an alarm, design generates its own test signal independent of line
frequency quality and the hardware design uses the latest
technology available for digital filtering of the response
signal. As a result, the DELTA4000 series produces reliable
results and stable readings in the shortest time with the
highest accuracy, even in high interference 765kV substations.
suggesting additional tests should be performed at The DELTA4000 series operates with PowerDB software
different voltage levels.
for automatic testing and reporting or with Delta Control
n
Fast test time - Dynamic nise suppression minimizes actual software for real-time manual testing.
test time.
2
42
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
DELTA4000
12 kV Insulation diagnostic system
SPECIFICATIONS
SPECIFICATIONS
Mechancial data
Input power
100-240 V ±10%, 50/60 Hz, 16 A max.
Dimensions (W x H x D)
Output voltage
0 to 12 kV, continuously adjustable
DELTA4100 Control unit
14 kg (31 lbs)
DELTA4300 Control unit
15 kg (33 lbs)
Test frequency range
45-70 Hz (12 kV)
15-400 Hz (4 kV)
1-500 Hz (250 V)
DELTA4010 High voltage
unit
22 kg (48 lbs)
Output power
3.6 kVA
Cables
15 kg (33 lbs)
Weight all models
30 kg with printer option fitted
Output current
300 mA (4 minutes)
100 mA (continuous)
The power supply capacity can be
expanded to 4 A at 12 kV using the
optional resonating inductor, catalog
number 670600
Measuring ranges
Voltage
25 V to 12 kV, 1 V resolution
Current
0 to 5 amps, 0.1 µA maximum resolution.
The measurement can be corrected to
either 2.5 kV or 10 kV equivalents.
Capacitance
0 to 100 µF, 0.01 pF maximum resolution
Inductance
6 H to 10 MH, 0.1 mH maximum
resolution
Power factor
PF 0-100% (0-1), 0.001% maximum
resolution
Dissipation factor
DF 0-100% (0-10.000%), 0.001%
maximum resolution
Watt loss
0 to 2 kW, actual power, 0 to 100 kW
when corrected to 10 kV equivalent
0.1 mW maximum resolution. The
measurement can be corrected to either
2.5 kV or 10 kV equivalents.
Measurement (the following test modes are available)
UST: Ungrounded Specimen Testing
UST-R: UST: Measure Red, Ground Blue
UST-B: UST: Measure Blue, Ground Red
UST-RB: UST: Measure Red and Blue
UST: Grounded Specimen Testing
GST-GND: GST: Ground Red and Blue
GSTg-R: GST: Guard Red, Ground Blue
GSTg-B: GST: Guard Blue, Ground Red
GSTg-RB GST: Guard Red and Blue
Temperature correction
Intelligent temperature
correction
from 5 ºC to 50 ºC insulation test
temperature to 20 ºC reference
Standard tables
as by international standards and
manufacturers’ data
Environmental
Operating temperature
-20 °C to +55 °C (-4 °F to +131 °F)
Storage temperature
-50 °C to +70 °C (-58 °F to +158 °F)
Relative humidity
0 to 95% non-condensing
Shock and vibration
ASTM D999.75
Safety
IEC/ANSI 61010-1
EMC
EN 61326
Specifications continued
Www.megger.com
43
2
DELTA4000
12 kV Insulation diagnostic system
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
DELTA4110 Insulation diagnostic system
(DELTA4100 control unit and DELTA4010 HV unit)
DELTA4110
DELTA4310 Insulation diagnostic system with
onboard computer
(DELTA4300 control unit and DELTA4010 HV unit)
DELTA4310
Measurement lead, color-coded Red
Measurement lead, color-coded Blue
Order Code
Optional accessories
670506
Safety foot switch
1001-852
External strobe
Y37181
External strobe extension cable, 18 m (60 ft)
Transport case, 2-piece design
Included accessories
High voltage lead: 21 m (70 ft), double shielded
Product
30012-11
25572-1
25572-2
Ground lead: 9 m (30 ft)
2002-131
Mains cable 16 A EU
17032-19
Mains cable 16 A US
17032-20
Mains cable 16 A UK 17032-21
Mains cable 16 A no plug
1001-853
670501
Case for control unit and accessories [1]
2001-746
Case for HV unit and accessories [1]
2001-746
Transport case, 3-piece design
Case for control unit [1]
2001-791
Case for HV unit [1]
2001-791
Case for accessories [1]
2001-792
Transport cart / trolley
1001-530
Calibration box set for CAL4000
2002-137
17032-22
Calibration standard
670500-1
Safety hand switch, Interlock #1: 18 m (60 ft)
1001-850
Transit cases for calibration standard
Safety hand switch, Interlock #2: 2.5 m (8 ft)
1001-851
HV TTR capacitor, single phase (10 nF, 10 kV)
HV unit power cable, 1 m (3 ft)
2002-132
HV reference capacitor (100 pF, 10 kV)
HV unit control cable, 1 m (3 ft)
2002-133
HV reference capacitor (1000 pF, 10 kV)
Ground lead cable, 1 m (3 ft)
2002-134
Carry case for capacitors
USB cable, 3 m (10 ft)
2002-135
Capacitor kit (TTR cap, 2 ref caps, carry case)
Ethernet cable, CAT 5, 3 m (10 ft)
2002-136
Resonating inductor
Soft padded carrying case for control unit [1]
2001-766
Soft padded carrying case for HV unit [1]
2001-766
Soft case for HV cable
2001-507
Soft case for other cables/accessories
2001-506
User manual
81331
Application guide
81332
Warranty [1 year]
PowerDB Pro software, on USB dongle
PowerDB Pro software, via soft key
Extended product warranty
DB1001S-A
DB1001-A
36610-1
1-year extended warranty
Y12-WARRANTY
2-year extended warranty
Y24-WARRANTY
3-year extended warranty
Y36-WARRANTY
36493-1
36494-1-KIT
Thermal paper (8.5” x 11”) for printer
36809-1
Thermal paper (A4) for printer
36809-2
Oil test cell
670511
Hot collar belts [3]
670505
Bushing tap connectors [2]
670506
Accessory kit: hot collar straps [3], external
temperature
and humidity meters, .75” bushing tap connector
[1],
1” bushing tap connector [1], mini bushing tap
connectors [2], “J” probe bushing tap connector
[1],
1 m (3 ft) non-insulating shorting lead [3],
2 m (6 ft) non-insulating shorting lead [3]
Consult factory
Special length cables available upon request
Consult factory
Leakage reactance
Premium Plus support plan [where available]
1-yr, 3-yr, or 5-yr agreement
Consult factory
36528
670501
Consult factory
MLR
TTR
Winding resistance
MTO
Sweep Frequency Response Analysis (SFRA)
FRAX
Dielectric Frequency Response (DFR) and
moisture assessment
IDAX
MIT/S1
Current Transformer Measurements
44
2002-138
Turns ratio, 3-phase
DC Insulation
2
36610-KIT2
Thermal Pentax® printer, 240 V
PowerDB Pro software support and upgrades
Consult factory
36610-2
670600-1
PowerDB Advanced support and upgrades
Premium support plan [where available]
1-yr, 3-yr, or 5-yr agreement
36610-1
Thermal Pentax® printer, 120 V
USB bar code wand and software
Optional software
36610
36610-CC
External temperature and humidity probes
PowerDB Advanced software with Delta Control
670635
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
MCT
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
CB100
Low voltage capacitance and insulation power factor test set
SPECIFICATIONS
Bridge circuit
Transformer ratio arm bridge.
Capacitance
12 multipliers are used to allow
measure-ments from less than 20 pF to
1.2 µF. Accuracy ±0.25% of range ±4 pF.
Dissipation factor (power
factor)
Range
0.1%
1-10%
10-20%
20-30%
Detector
Synchronous, tuned and phase-sensitive
null detector.
Test voltage
28 V, 100 Hz for 60 Hz test set.
28 V, 80 Hz for 50 Hz test set.
Measurement
The instrument measures the following
combinations:
UST CH-L (ungrounded specimen test, HI
to LO)
GST CH-G (grounded specimen test,HI to
ground, LO guard)
GST CL-G (grounded specimen test,LO to
ground, HI guard)
GST CH-G + CH-L (grounded specimen test,
HI to ground, plus HI to LO)
GST CL-G + CL-H (grounded specimen test,
LO to ground, plus LO to HI)
Accuracy
±0.03
±0.3
±0.5
±1.0
Resolution
0.001%
0.01%
0.01%
0.01%
CB100
Power (specifiy one)
120 V, 60 Hz, 5 VA or 240 V, 50 Hz, 5 VA
or 220 V, 60 Hz, 5 VA
CB100-CHEKTM
Designed to verify the proper calibration
and operation of CB-100. The unit
provides a capacitance and dissipation
factor constant for each of the five test
modes.
Mechancial data
n
n
n
n
n
n
Lightweight and portable
100 Hertz test frequency
28 volt test voltage
Test mode selector switch
Direct reading of capacitance and dissipation factor
Perform tests in UST and GST configuration
Description
The model CB100 low-voltage capacitance and insulation
power factor test set is a self-contained instrument for the
accurate measurement of electrical insulation characteristics.
Model CB100 is an easily balanced, direct-reading bridge
designed for testing in the laboratory, shop or substation.
Dimensions (W x H x D)
instrument
287 x 262 x 216 mm
(11.3 x 10.3 x 8.5 in.)
Case
560 x 330 x 305 mm (22 x 13 x 12 in)
Leads
One 2 m (6.6 ft) power cord, one 10 m
(33 ft) grounded lead, two 10 m (33 ft)
coaxial measuring leads.
Weight all models
30 kg with printer option fitted
Measurements of capacitance are expressed in μF or pF. The
dissipation factor, or “power factor” is indicated directly in
percent.
Applications
Model CB100 is used for testing a wide variety of electrical
insulation including that found in power transformers, circuit
breakers and most other substation apparatus. Using test cells
or jigs, it can also test insulating liquids and solids.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
Product
Transport case
CB100
CB100-CHECK calibrator
120 V, 60 Hz
810130
240 V, 50 Hz
810130-1
Instruction manual
220 V, 60 Hz
810130-2
Optional accessories
CB100 for 120 V, 60 Hz complete with
range extension adapter
810130-3
CB100 for 240 V, 50 Hz complete with range
extesnion adapter
810130-4
CB100 for 220 V, 60 Hz complete with
range extension adapter
Included accessories
Order Code
810130-5
Range extension adapter
For 120 V, 60 Hz operation
810132
For 240 V, 50 Hz operation
810132-1
Leads sets
3.3 ft (1 m)
810136-2
59.4 ft (18 m)
810136-3
Lead set, 10 m (33 ft)
Www.megger.com
45
2
AC and AC/DC
High pot tester
SPECIFICATIONS
Catalogue no.
230315 AC
Applied test voltage
0 to 3 kV
Adjustable leakage current trip
level
0.3 to 12 mA
Output receptacle
Front panel NEMA5-15R
230415 AC
Applied test voltage
0 to 4 kV
Adustable leakage current trip
level
0.3 to 12 mA
Output receptacle
Front panel NEMA5-15R
230425 AC/DC
AC: 0.3 to 12 mA
DC: 0.43 t 17 mA
Applied test voltage
Input
AC and AC/DC
Standard
120 Vac ±10%, 1 A, 50/60 Hz
Optional
Nominal 230 Vac, 50/60 Hz line is
available on all models at no
additional charge. To order, add –47
to Cat. No.
nRapid production line testing to latest UL standards
n Extra safety features
n Rugged design for ease of portability
Output
Description
AC models
Line
AC/DC model
Maximum ripple 0.4% rms per mA
at full voltage
Maximum output current
12.6 mA
Wave shape
AC and AC/DC high-pot testers are designed for safety
and ease of operation, and readily adapt to development,
Accuracy
maintenance or production testing. Three models are
Applied test voltage
±2%
available: two ac and one ac/dc. The AC high-pot testers
Leakage current
±5%
Mechanical data
feature a front-panel, NEMA 5-15R three-prong output
receptacle. Booted, alligator-clip output and return probes are
Dimensions (H x W x D)
also supplied with all models.
Weight
Applications
These portable instruments are used to test the dielectric
20.6 x 23 x 21 cm
8 x 9 x 8.4 in.
230315 AC
230415 AC
5.6 kg
(12.5 lb)
230425
6.1 kg
(13.5 lb)
strength of electrical insulation and the ground circuit
continuity of three-wire appliances and other devices.
Megger high-pot testers comply with most existing UL
requirements for dielectric withstand testing, including:
n UL 544 – Electric medical and dental equipment
n UL 982 – Motor-operated household food preparing machines
n UL 1026 – Electric household cooking and serving appliances
n UL 1270 – Radio receivers, audio systems, and accessories
This product
is not available for sale in the European
Economic Area
2
46
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
AC and AC/DC
High pot tester
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
Product
Order Code
Optional accessories
AC High-Pot Testers
0 to 3 kV
230315
Test probes with retractable tips, 1.2 m [4 ft]
0 to 4 kV
230415
High-voltage probe for ac models only
230315-2
AC/DC High-Pot Tester, 0 to 4 kV ac/5 kV dc
230425
Return probe for ac models only
230315-3
High-voltage and return probe set for ac/dc
model only
230425-2
Standard non-resonant unit with 240 Vac input,
60 Hz operation, analog meters
686100-360W
Included accessories
Adapters, for conversion of output receptacles
for use with twist-lock plugs
Test probes with alligator clips for ac models,
includes one Cat. No. 25507 high-voltage probe
and one Cat. No. 25136 return probe, 1.2 m
[4 ft]; for ac/dc models, includes one
Cat. No. 25149 complete assembly, 1.2 m
[4 ft]
Power cord
235300-1
NEMA L5-20R twist lock
235300-2
NEMA L5-30R twist lock
235300-4
17032
Instruction manual for 230315 and 230415
AVTM23-1J
Instruction manual for 230425
AVTM23-4J
Www.megger.com
NEMA L5-15R twist lock
47
2
70, 120, 160 kV
High voltage DC dielectric test sets
SPECIFICATIONS
Input Power
Nominal 120 Vac, 50/60 Hz
For 220/240 Vac, 50/60 Hz operation, add –47 to Cat. No.
Please note that specifications for
the –47 models differ as
follows:
Output current
220/240 Vac
120 kV Models:
5 mA for 5 min; 2 mA continuous
160 kV Models:
5 mA for 5 min; 1.5 mA continuous
When using external 240/120 volt
step-down voltage transformers,
the ratings may be used as given for
120 volt input.
Weight
Add approx. 1 kg (2 lb) for -47
control unit
Ammeter
Ranges
0 to 19.9 μA
0 to 199 μA
0 to 1.99 mA
0 to 5 mA
high-voltage model
Resolution
To 0.1 mA on lowest range
Advanced performance with long-term
Accuracy
±2% of reading +1 digit
reliability provided by filtered half-wave
Voltmeter
rectification
Resolution
To 100 V over entire range
n
Designed for maximum operator safety
Accuracy
± (2% of reading + 100 V)
70, 120, 160 kV
nLightest weight available in air-insulated
n
Ripple
Less than 2% on capacitive samples at continuous rated output
Description
Environmental
The high voltage DC dielectric test sets (70, 120 and
Relative humidity range
160 kV) provide the most dependable, portable dc
Operating
0 to 90% noncondensing
highvoltage sources for checking the quality of electrical
Storage
0 to 95% noncondensing
power cables, motors, switchgear, insulators, transformers and
Mechanical data
capacitors.
Dimensions (H x W x D)
Control unit (all models)
510 x 305 x 318 mm.
(20 x 12 x 12.5 in)
Applications
High voltage unit
70 kV: 510 x 305 x 305 mm
(20 x 12 x 12 in.)
120 kV: 740 x 305 x 305 mm
(29 x 12 x 12 in.)
The DC dielectric test sets are used to make proof tests and
insulation tests on electrical power cables, motors, switchgear,
160 kV: 1000 x 305 x 305 mm
(39 x 12 x 12 in.)
insulators, transformers and capacitors.
Both types of tests are performed by applying controlled
high voltages to the unit under test at or above insulation
system operating level. Measuring the leakage current
Weight
Control unit (all models0
10.5 kg (23 lb)
High voltage unit
70 kV: 20 kg (44 lb)
120 kV: 30 kg (65 lb)
160 kV: 33 kg (73 lb)
Cables (including carrying bag)
70 kV: 3 kg (7 lb)
120 and 160 kV: 4 kg (9 lb)
helps determine the unit under test’s ability to withstand
overvoltages such as lightning strikes and switching surges.
The three models described cover a range of output voltages
that meet the most commonly specified ratings in 5 kV to
69 kV class cable. All are suitable for testing power cable,
switchgear and rotating machinery in accordance with IEEE,
IPCEA, NEMA and ANSI guidelines.
2
48
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
70, 120, 160 kV
High voltage DC dielectric test sets
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
70 kV dc, digital
220070
70 kV dc, analog
220072
120 kV dc, digital
220123
120 kV dc, analog
220124
160 kV dc, digital
220163
160 kV dc, analog
220164
For 220/240 Vac, 50/60 Hz operation, add –47 to
Cat. No.
Ground cables, 4.5 m (15 ft) [2]
External voltage stabilizer
add –61
220004
Return probe for ac models only
230315-3
High-voltage and return probe set for ac/dc
model only
230425-2
NEMA L5-15R twist lock
235300-1
NEMA L5-20R twist lock
235300-2
4702-5
NEMA L5-30R twist lock
235300-4
18320
Detachable HV output cable, for 70 kV test sets,
4.5 m (15 ft)
18328
Detachable HV output cable, for 120 and 160 kV
test sets, 4.5 m (15 ft)
25950
Carrying bag for cables
18313
Www.megger.com
Modification of dc test, when ordered, set
for operation with an accessory impulse
generator
17032
Interconnection cable, 4.5 m (15 ft)
Kilovolt/megohm test record graph paper
(100 sheet pad)
Order Code
Adapters, for conversion of output receptacles
for use with twist-lock plugs
Included accessories
Input supply cord, three-wire, 2.4 m (8 ft)
Product
Optional accessories
Dielectric test sets
220000
49
2
670025 series
Capacitance and dissipation factor test sets
SPECIFICATIONS
SPECIFICATIONS
Instrumentation
Common to all test sets
Voltmeter and Ammeter
Digital readout with LED display
Ammeter
Accuracy
±(1% of reading +0.1 mA)
Resolution
0.1 mA up to 200 mA; 1 mA above
200 mA
Ammeter reads specimen current only.
Voltmeter accuracy
±(1% of reading +1 digit)
Resolution
10 V
Dissipation factor and watts/milliwatts
0 to 20% DF range
Operating temperature
-20 ºC to +60 ºC (-4 ºF to +140 ºF)
Accuracy
0.01% DF
670025 series
0 to 200% DF range
n
Interference suppression circuits for testing in high-
Accuracy
±(2% of reading + 0.05% DF)
voltage switchyards
Resolution
0.1% DF
n
n
Automatic balancing of dissipation factor
Direct readout of capacitance, dissipation factor and Both positive and negative DF values are indicated automatically.
Values up to 1200% DF can be measured by indirect methods.
LO/HI equivalent milliwatts/watts dissipated in specimen.
watts dissipated
Capacitance
n
Lightweight, compact design
Description
Capacitance and Dissipation Factor (C&DF) Test Sets are used
for evaluating the nature and quality of electrical insulation
materials and systems.
By measuring dissipation factor losses in electrical insulation,
these units can indicate the presence of contaminants,
fractures and punctures.
As part of a routine maintenance program, capacitance and
dissipation factor testing can aid in predicting potential
failure of deteriorating insulation.
The C&DF Test Sets include interference suppression circuits
Range
0 to 220.000 pF in eight ranges;
110/220/1100/2200/11,000/22,000/
110,000/220,000 pF full scale
Accuracy
±(1% of reading + 2 pF) for ungrounded
specimen test
±(1% of reading + 6 pF) for grounded
specimen test
Resolution
0.01% of range selected
Mechancial data
Dimensions (each unit)
Weight
2.5 kV unit
23 kg (51 lb)
12 kV measuring unit
22 kg (48 lb)
12 kV HV power unit
29 kg (63 lb)
Cables only
15 kg (34 lb)
2.5 kV test set
that assure accurate measurements even under severe
interference or noise
Applications
310 H X 510 W x 380 D mm
(12.5 H x 19.5 W x 15 D in.)
Input (specify one)
120 V, 60 Hz, 3 A continuous
120 V, 50 Hz, 3 A continuous
240 V, 60 Hz, 1.5 A continuous
240 V, 50 Hz, 1.5 A continuous
Ouput
Voltage
0 to 2.5 kV ac, digital readout
The test sets are used for testing high-voltage electrical
Current
0 to 100 mA continuous
insulation systems at the power frequency by applying test
12 kV test set
voltages up to 12 kV.
The purpose of the dissipation factor measurement of highvoltage insulation is to find early signs of weakness in the
high-voltage insulation.
2
50
Input (specify one)
120 V, 60 Hz, 10 A continuous 120 V,
50 Hz, 10 A continuous
240 V, 60 Hz, 5 A continuous 240 V,
50 Hz, 5 A continuous
Specification continued
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
670025 series
Capacitance and dissipation factor test sets
Mechancial data
Instrumentation
Common to all test sets
Voltmeter and Ammeter
Digital readout with LED display
Dimensions (each unit)
Ammeter
Weight
Accuracy
±(1% of reading + 0.1 mA)
Resolution
0.1 mA up to 200 mA; 1 mA above
200 mA
Ammeter reads specimen current only.
Voltmeter accuracy
±(1% of reading + 1 digit)
Resolution
10 V
0 to 20% DF range
Accuracy
2.5 kV unit
23 kg (51 lb)
12 kV measuring unit
22 kg (48 lb)
12 kV HV power unit
29 kg (63 lb)
Cables only
15 kg (34 lb)
Ouput
Dissipation factor and watts/milliwatts
Operating temperature
310 H X 510 W x 380 D mm
(12.5 H x 19.5 W x 15 D in.)
Voltage
0 to 12 kV ac, digital readout
Current
High Range to 5 kV: 0 to 200 mA
continuous; 0 to 400 mA for 10 min
Low Range to 10 kV: 0 to 100 mA
continuous; 0 to 200 mA for 10 min
-4 ºF to +140 ºF (-20 ºC to +60 ºC)
0.01% DF
0 to 200% DF range
Accuracy
±(2% of reading + 0.05% DF)
Resolution
0.1% DF
Both positive and negative DF values are indicated automatically.
Values up to 1200% DF can be measured by indirect methods.
LO/HI equivalent milliwatts/watts dissipated in specimen.
Capacitance
Range
0 to 220.000 pF in eight ranges;
110/220/1100/2200/11,000/22,000/
110,000/220,000 pF full scale
Accuracy
±(1% of reading +2 pF) for ungrounded
specimen test
±(1% of reading +6 pF) for grounded
specimen test
Resolution
0.01% of range selected
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
Product
Order Code
2.5 kV capacitance and dissipation factor test set
120 Vac, 60 Hz
670070-44
120 V ac, 60 Hz
670025
120 Vac, 50 Hz
670070-45
120 V ac, 50 Hz
670025-44
240 Vac, 60 Hz
670070-45
220 V ac, 60 Hz
810130-2
240 Vac, 50 Hz
670070-47
240 V ac, 60 Hz
670025-45
Included accessories
240 V ac, 50 Hz
670025-47
2.5 kV unit
12 kV capacitance and dissipation factor test set
Line cord, ac
Transport case
120 V ac, 60 Hz
670065
120 V ac, 50 Hz
670065-44
CB-CHEK calibrator
240 V ac, 60 Hz
670065-45
Instruction manual
240 V ac, 50 Hz
670065-47
Optional accessories
Range extension adapter
12 kV extended range capacitance and dissipation
Factor test set
120 Vac, 60 Hz
670070
For 120 V, 60 Hz operation
810132
For 240 V, 50 Hz operation
810132-1
Lead sets
Www.megger.com
1 m (3.3 ft)
810136-2
18 m (59.4 ft)
810136-3
51
2
Optional Accessories
1000-441
HV test lead set, 3 x 10 m medium
insulated clips
6111-216
Test record card (pack of 20)
1000- 442
HV test lead set, 3 x 15 m medium
insulated clips
6220-811
HV test lead set, 3 x 3 m large
insulated clips
1000-432
HV test lead set, 3 x 15 m large
insulated clips
1000-443
HV test lead set, 3 x 10 m large
insulated clips
6311-077
CB101, 5 kV calibration box
6420-088
Companion carrying case with
special compartment for test leads
(WM6)
8101-181
HV test lead set, 3 x 3 m
un-insulated small clips
8101-182
HV test lead set, 3 x 8 m
un-insulated small clips
8101-183
HV test lead set, 3 x 15 m
un-insulated small clips
2
52
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
Optional Accessories
FDB101
AC-90050
The FRAX Demo box FDB101 is a transformer kit that can
be used for in-house training and demonstrations. The small
transformer is a single-phase unit with capability to simulate
normal as well as fault conditions. Open as well as shorted
measurements can be performed. The unit also contains
two test impedances, one of them the same as used in the
FTB101 field test box
Www.megger.com
53
2
Low Resistance
Ohmmeters
The operation of electrical equipment depends on the controlled flow of current within the design parameters
of a given piece of equipment. Measuring low resistance helps identity resistive elements that have increased
above acceptable levels.
DLRO10 micro-ohmmeters have been designed primarily for the traction and transportation industry.
MOM and MJöLNER micro-ohmmeters were designed for switchyards.
In practice, you should check products from both ranges to see which suits your applications.
3
3
54
Selection guide............................................................................................ 55
Technical information................................................................................... 56
DLRO200 200 A digital micro-ohmmeter..................................................... 57
DLRO600 600 A ohmmeter.......................................................................... 58
DLRO10HD 10 A digital ohmmeter.............................................................. 59
KC100 wind turbine protection test lead...................................................... 60
DLRO10 and DLRO10X digital micro-ohmmeter........................................... 61
BT51 low resistance ohmmeter.................................................................... 62
247000 series low resistance ohmmeter....................................................... 63
Mjölner 200 micro-ohmmeter................................................................... 66
Mjölner 600 micro-ohmmeter................................................................... 68
MOM2 micro-ohmmeter.............................................................................. 70
MOM200 A micro-ohmmeter...................................................................... 74.
MOM600A mico-ohmmeter......................................................................... 76
MOM690 micro-ohmmeter.......................................................................... 78
Optional accessories..................................................................................... 82
T: + 44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
SELECTION CHART
RS232
DLRO
200
DLRO
600
n
n
Mains power
source
Rechargeable
battery power
source
n
DLRO10/
10X
BT51
24700
n
n
Forward and
reverse
measurement
n
n
n
Inductive mode
n
n
n
IP54 ingress
protection with
case closed
n
User selectable
test limits
n
n
n
Designed for
switchyards
Www.megger.com
n
Mjölner
600
MOM2
MOM
200
MOM
600
MOM
690
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Mjölner
200
n
n
Designed
for industrial
and traction
industries
n
DLRO
10HD
n
n
55
3
Low Resistance Testing
modes may be selected which address different types of testing
conditions. Measurement modes could include manual, automatic
or continuous testing, or a high power test for large windings.
100+ A micro-ohmmeters are field portable micro-ohmmeters that
can deliver anywhere from 10 A to 600 A. The best instruments
have measurement resolution to 0.1 µΩ and offer variable test
current to address a wider range of applications.
By testing at 10 A and then at a higher current, engineers can gain
a better understanding of the maintenance requirements of a circuit
breaker contact, for example.
The transformer ohmmeter is designed specifically to measure
inductive devices such as transformer windings and tap changers.
The transformer ohmmeter is a specialist multi-current device,
has measurement resolution to 1 micro-ohm and is used both in
factory test and for field operating verification. Its use can be the
verification of factory test readings, finding defects in transformers
and checking tap changers, which are often the most vulnerable
part of the system.
Lab micro-ohmmeters are designed for measuring resistance
components and use low-pulsed currents to eliminate thermal emf
errors, normally with ranges from 199.9 µΩ to 1999 Ω. These types
of instrument are not intended for measuring inductive circuits.
Due to the low test current the operation in the field is limited
as the signal to noise condition will reduce the sensitivity of the
measurement.
MOM2 in use
How does a low resistance
ohmmeter operate?
A low resistance ohmmeter uses two internal measuring circuits. The
supply injects a current into a test sample through two leads, so that
the magnitude of the current is measured. The voltage across the
item under test is measured and the instrument then performs an
internal calculation to determine the resistance of the test sample.
A high current output is one of the qualifying characteristics of
a true low resistance ohm-meter. Ordinary multimeters do not
supply enough current to give a reliable indication of the currentcarrying capabilities of joints, welds and bonds under real operating
conditions. Little voltage is required, as measurements are typically
being made at the extreme low end of the resistance spectrum.
Choosing a tester
Milli-ohmmeters are less sensitive than micro-ohmmeters, the
measurement capability of these testers means they are normally
used for general circuit and component verification. These also tend
to be less expensive than micro-ohmmeters, making them a good
choice if measurement sensitivity and resolution are not critical. The
maximum test current is typically less than 2 A and as low as 0.2 A.
The 10 A micro-ohmmeter is the workhorse instrument for most
operators and covers the majority of field applications. The 10 A
output not only provides a good compromise of signal to noise
ratio and low heating effect to make an accurate measurement,
but also allows for reduced weight and battery, rather than
mains operation. On some instruments, different measurement
3
56
DLRO10HD in use
T: + 44 (0) 1304 502100
Request a copy of ‘A guide to low
resistance testing’
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
DLRO200
Digital micro-ohmmeter
SPECIFICATIONS
Measurement range
Accuracy:
Voltage
Current
Resistance
Maximum continuous test time
.1 μW to 999.9 mW (subject to
0
supply voltage and leads used)
±0.5% ± 0.1 mV
±0.5% ± 0.1 A
Better than 1% from 300 μW to
100 mW
Better than ±2% from 100 μW to
300 μW
More than 60 seconds at 200 A @
20 ºC ambient
Power supply
Power supply for DLRO200
for full output (unsmoothed d.c.)
100 V to 265 V 50/60 Hz with a
load less than 19 mW (supply
>207 V rms), or 11 mW (115 V
rms) including current leads
DLRO200
Test modes
Manual, Auto, Continuous
n Test currents from 10 A to 200 A d.c.
n 0.1 μW best resolution
n On-board memory for up to 300 test results and notes
n RS232 port to download stored results or for real time
Test time
0 seconds NORMAL /AUTO mode 1
Refreshed every 2 seconds in
CONTINUOUS mode
n Supplied complete with 5 m test leads and download
Display
Large, high resolution backlit liquid
crystal display
n Smooth, continuous applied current eliminates magnetic
Warnings
Current flowing - LED
Other warnings are shown on the
lcd display
Data transfer
Real time or batch download via RS232
using Download Manager software
Storage capacity
300 result sets and memo, battery backed for 10 years
Memo field
160 characters max
Test current:
Range
Accuracy
10 A to 200 A d.c.
±2% ±2 A
Voltmeter input:
Impedance
Hum rejection
>200 kW
5 V rms 50 Hz/60 Hz
100 V to 130 V 50/60 Hz with a load
Power supply for DLRO200-115 V for
less than 11 mW including current
full output (additional smoothing)
leads
output to a printer
software
transients capable of inductively tripping breaker
controls (115 V version)
Description
Megger DLRO200 measures resistances between 0.1 μW and
1 W, at high currents. This versatile instrument can provide test
currents from 10 A up to 200 A subject to the load resistance
and supply voltage. A large liquid crystal display provides all
the information needed to perform a test; all test parameters
and measurement results are displayed.
The unique design allows the weight and size of DLRO200 to be
kept to a minimum; the instrument weighs less than 15 kg. This
small size makes DLRO200 equally at home in the workshop, on
the production floor or in the field. The high current capability
and compact design make DLRO200 suitable for testing circuit
breaker contacts, switch contacts, busbar joints or other
applications where high current is needed.
Environmental
Operation temperature
-10 ºC to +50 ºC
Storage temperature
-25 ºC to +65 ºC
Calibration
20 ºC
Co-efficient
<0.05% per ºC
Max. humidity
95% RH non-condensing
Max. altitude
2000 m
ORDERING INFORMATION
Mechanical data
Dimensions (H x W x D)
410 mm x 250 mm x 270 mm
Product
Weight
14.5 kg (excluding test leads)
Standard versions with test leads
ORDERING INFORMATION continued
Product
Order Code
Included accessories for DLRO200-115
5 m lead set in bag comprising 2 x 25 mm current
leads with clamps and
2 x potential leads with clips
2
6220-787
Included accessories for ALL DLRO200 versions
Download manager
6111-442
User guide on CD-ROM
6172-763
RS232 download cable
DLRO200 high current digital low resistance
ohmmeter (QWERTY keyboard)
DLRO200-115 high current digital low resistance
ohmmeter 115 V with additional DC output
smoothing (QWERTY keyboard)
DLRO200-EN-NLS
DLRO200-115 high current digital low resistance
ohmmeter 115 V with additional output
smoothing (QWERTY keyboard)
DLRO200-115-NLS
Included accessories for DLRO200-EN
6172-782
Quick start guide (French)
6172-783
5 m lead set set comprising 2 x 50 mm
2 current leads with clips and
2 potential leads with clips
Www.megger.com
DLRO200-115
DLRO200 high current digital low resistance
ohmmeter (QWERTY keyboard)
25955-025
6170-618
See page
61
DLRO200-EN
Versions without test leads
Quick start guide (English)
Warranty card
Order Code
6220-755
57
3
DLRO600
600 A Low resistance ohmmeter
SPECIFICATIONS
.1 μW to 999.9 mW
0
(Subject to supply voltage and
leads used)
Measurement range
Accuracy:
Voltage
Current
Resistance
±0.5% ± 0.1 mV
±0.5% ± 0.1 A
Better than 1% from 100 μW to
100 mW
T he chart shows the maximum
output current available at different
supply voltages with a 4 mW load
(i.e. standard 5 m current leads
only) and with a 7 mW load
Output current
DLRO600
Power supply
n Test currents from 10 A to 600 A d.c.
n 0.1 μW best resolution
n On board memory for up to 300 test results and notes
n RS232 port to download stored results or for real time
Power supply for
output to a printer
n Supplied complete with 5 m test leads and download
See chart
700
Test current A
More than 60 seconds at 600 A @
20 ºC ambient
Maximum continuous test time
600
500
400
300
4 mW
Load
7 mW
Load
200
100
0
software
100 120 140
160 180 200
220 240
Supply voltage
Description
Provides the you with a high resolution, 0.1 µW, lightweight
and portable method of performing on-site low resistance
measurements. The unit can be used to test circuit breaker
contact resistance, switch contacts, busbars, joints, splices and
fuses. The test current is variable from 10 A to 600 A, in 1 A
steps, enabling you to perform all the required tests with a
single instrument.
The unique design allows the weight and size of DLRO600 to
be kept to a minimum; the instrument weighs less than 15 kg.
This small size makes it equally at home in the workshop, on
the production floor or in the field.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
Standard versions with test leads
DLRO600 high current digital low resistance
ohmmeter (QWERTY keyboard)
DLRO600-EN
Full output
207 V to 265 V 50/60 Hz with a load less than 7 mΩ including current leads
Reduced output
Down to 100 V 50/60 Hz
Test modes
Manual, Auto, Continuous
Test time
seconds NORMAL /AUTO mode 7
Refreshed every 2 seconds in
CONTINUOUS mode
Data transfer
Real time or batch download via
RS232 using Download Manager
software
Storage capacity
300 result sets and memo, battery backed for 10 years
Test current:
Range
Accuracy
10 A to 600 A unsmoothed d.c. in
1 A steps
±2% ±2 A
Voltmeter input:
Impedance
Hum rejection
>200 kW
5 V rms 50 Hz/60 Hz
Environmental
Operation temperature
-10 ºC to +50 ºC
Storage temperature
-25 ºC to +65 ºC
Calibration
20 ºC
Versions without test leads
Co-efficient
<0.05% per ºC
DLRO600 high current digital low resistance
ohmmeter (QWERTY keyboard)
Max. humidity
95% RH non-condensing
Maxi altitude
2000 m
DLRO600 high current digital low resistance
ohmmeter (French AZERTY keyboard)
DLRO600 high current digital low resistance
ohmmeter (French AZERTY keyboard)
DLR600-FR
DLRO600-EN-NLS
DLRO600-FR-NLS
Included accessories
5 m lead set set comprising, 2 x 50 mm2
current leads with clips and 2 potential leads with
clips (ONLY WITH DLRO600-EN)
6220-755
Download manager
6111-442
User guide on CD-ROM
6172-763
RS232 download cable
25955-025
Quick start guide (English)
6172-782
Quick start guide (French)
6172-783
Warranty card
6170-618
3
58
Mechanical data
Dimensions (H x W x D)
410 mm x 250 mm x 270 mm
Weight
14.5 kg (excluding test leads)
If you need...
more detailed information about low resistance
ohmmeters, then visit our website at
www.megger.com
T: + 44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
DLRO10HD
10 A Digital low resistance ohmmeter
SPECIFICATIONS
Resistance/current ranges
The green resistance ranges on the keypad indicate low output
power (<0.25 W) outputs. Red ranges indicate higher 2.5 W (1 A) and
25 W (10 A) power outputs
Measurement range
0.1 μW to 2500.0 W
manual range selection
Display and battery
Display size/type
Main 5 digit + 2 x 5 digit secondary
displays
Battery type
6 V, 7Ah sealed lead acid
Voltage input range
90 - 264 V, 50-60 Hz
Charge time
8 hours
Backlight
LED backlight
DLRO10HD
Battery life
1000 Auto (3 sec) tests
nHigh or low output power selection for condition
Auto power down
300 s
Mode selection
Rotary switch
Range selection
Rotary switch
Reference conditions
20 °C ±3 °C
diagnosis
nRechargeable battery or line power supply, continuous
operation, even with dead battery
n10 A for 60 seconds, less time waiting to cool, good for
Environmental
charging inductance
nHigh input protection to 600 V, inadvertent connection
Temperature co-efficient
< 0.01% per ºC, from 5 ºC to 40 ºC
Storage temperature and
humidity
-25 °C to +60 °C, <90% RH
nRotary switch selects one of five test modes, including
Operating temperature and
humidity
-10 °C to +50 °C <90% RH
Noise rejection
Less than 1% ±20 digits additional
error with 100 mV peak 50/60 Hz
on the potential leads. Warning will
show if hum or noise exceeds this
level.
n
n
Maximum lead resistance
100 mW total for 10 A operation
irrespective of battery condition
IP rating
IP65 case closed, IP54 battery
operation
Maximum altitude
2000 m to full safety specifications
to line or UPS voltage will not blow a fuse
auto start on connection, giving ease of use
Backlit display
Delivered with calibration certificate
Description
Augmenting Megger’s DLRO10 and 10X range the DLRO10HD
combines ultimate simplicity of operation with a rugged IP65
case designed for stable ground and bench operation.
The DLRO10HD measures low resistance values in applications
ranging from railways and aircraft to resistance of components
in industry.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
DLRO10HD low resistance ohmmeter
Order Code
1000-348
Included accessories
DH4 duplex handspike 1.2 m
6111-503
Test lead pouch (lid mounted)
1000-036
DLRO10HD user guide CD
2000-869
Warranty book
6170-618
Product
Order Code
DH2 right angle duplex handspikes (1) 6 m
6111-023
DH3 right angle duplex handspikes (1) 9 m
6111-024
Straight duplex handspikes (2) heavy duty with
fixed contacts
2m
5.5 m
9m
242002-7
242002-18
242002-30
Calibration shunt,10 W, current rating 1 mA
249000
Calibration shunt, 1 W, current rating 10 mA
249001
Duplex heavy duty 5 cm C-Clamps
(2) 2 m
5.5 m
9m
Calibration shunt, 100 mW current rating 1A
249002
Duplex handspikes with replaceable needle points
Calibration shunt, 10 mW current rating 10 A
249003
2m
242003-7
Duplex 1.27 cm Kelvin clips
(2) gold plated 2 m
silver plated 2 m
241005-7
242005-7
Duplex 3.8 cm Kelvin clips
(2) 2 m
5.5 m
9m
242006-7
242006-18
242006-30
Optional accessories
Certificate of calibration for shunts, NIST
CERT-NIST
Replacement tips for DH4, DH5 and DH7 handspikes
Needle point
25940-012
Serrated end
25940-014
Optional test leads at extra cost
Duplex leads
Single leads
DH5 straight duplex handspikes (2)
One has indicator lights, 2.5 m
6111-517
DH7 duplex handspikes (2) suitable
for working on 600 V systems, 2.5 m
1001-035
Duplex handspikes (2) with spring loaded
helical contacts, 2 m
242011-7
Duplex handspikes (2) 2.5 m
6111-022
Www.megger.com
242004-7
242004-18
242004-30
Single handspike (1) for potential measurement
2m
5.5 m
9m
242021-7
242021-18
242021-30
Current clip (1) for current connections
2m
5.5 m
9m
242041-7
242041-18
242041-30
59
3
KC series test leads
Wind turbine lightning protection test lead sets
KC series test leads
nDeveloped in conjunction with a leading manufacturer
of wind turbines
nAllows easy and reliable measurement of lightning
protection circuit resistance of wind turbines
nAvailable in three lengths; 30 m, 50 m and 100 m to suit
both manufacturing and maintenance applications
n Long cable fitted on strong metal framed cable reel
nCable reel fitted with friction brake to avoid tangles
when paying out cable
Description
The KC series of test leads provides a complete and convenient
solution to the problem of finding reliable test leads that are
long enough for testing the continuity of lightning protection
conductors in wind turbines.
KC-series wind turbine test leads are available in 100 m,
50 m and 30 m versions that are suitable for use on site or in
the manufacturing plant. All lead set versions are 10 A rated.
The lead sets consist of two test leads. The first is a 5 m cable
fitted with a duplex handspike for probing the lightning
receptors on the tips of the turbine blades. The second cable
is either a 30 m, 50 m or 100 m cable, fitted with a large
robust Kelvin clip, specially designed to offer ease of use while
providing the consistently reliable connections needed to
ensure accurate and repeatable test results.
The long cable is wound onto a high quality, robust cable reel
fitted with a friction brake to avoid tangles whilst paying out.
If you need...
other test leads for your low resistance ohmmeter
see page 81
3
60
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
KC100 Kelvin lead kit (1 x 100 m / 1 x 5 m)
1000-809
KC50 Kelvin lead kit (1 x 50 m / 1 x 5 m)
1001-248
KC30 Kelvin lead kit (1 x 30 m / 1 x 5 m)
1001-249
T: + 44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
DLRO10 and DLRO10X
Digital micro-ohmmeter
SPECIFICATIONS
Maximum lead resistance
00 mW total for 10 A operation
1
irrespective of battery condition
Voltmeter input impedance
> 200 kW
Hum rejection
Less than 1% ± 20 digits additional
error with 100 mV peak 50/60 Hz on
the potential leads
Warning will show if hum or noise
exceeds this level
Display
DLRO10
Seven segment display
DLRO10X
LCD display
DLRO10 and DLRO10X
Battery
Capacity
7 Ah NiMH rechargeable
Life
Typically 1000 x 10 A tests before
recharge
Recharge
Via external 90 V - 260 V 50/60 Hz
charger or from 12 to 15 V d.c.
supply
Charging time
2.5 hours to 90% capacity, 4 hours
for full charge
Environmental
Temperature
Operation +5 °C to +45 °C at full
specification -10 °C to +50 °C at
reduced accuracy
Storage
-30 °C to +70 °C
Calibration
20 °C
Co-efficient
<0.01% per °C from 5 °C to 40 °C
Standard charging
0 °C to +45 °C
Fast charging
+10 °C to +45 °C
Humidity
Max 90% RH @ 40 °C
non-condensing
Altitude
Max 2000 m to full safety
specifications
Mechanical data
Dimensions (H x W x D)
220 mm x 100 mm x 237 mm
Weight
2.6 kg including battery module
n Auto current reversal cancels standing emfs
n Protected to 600 V
nAutomatically detects continuity in potential and
current connections
nMultiple operating modes including fully automatic
n Alpha-numeric keypad for entering test notes (DLRO10X)
n User selectable high and low limits (DLRO10X)
n Printer output and memory (DLRO10X)
Description
DLRO10 and DLRO10X are fully automatic instruments,
selecting the most suitable test current up to 10 A d.c. to
measure resistance from 0.1 μW to 2000 W, on one of seven
ranges.
For users who want more control over the measurement
process, DLRO10X uses a menu system controlled by a two-axis
paddle to allow the user to manually select the maximum test
current. DLRO10X also adds real time download of results and
on board storage for later download to a PC.
Both instruments are built into a strong, lightweight case
that is equally at home in the field or in the laboratory. Light
enough to be worn around the neck, they are small enough to
be taken into areas that were previously too small to access.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
Product
DLRO10 digital low resistance ohmmeter
6111-428
Certificate of calibration for shunts, NIST
DLRO10X digital low resistance ohmmeter
6111-429
Replacement tips for DH4, DH5 and DH6 handspikes
Order Code
CERT-NIST
Included accessories
Needle point
25940-012
7 Ah NiMH battery module
Serrated end
25940-014
DH4 duplex handspikes (2), one with indicator
lights 1.2 m
6111-503
Battery charger for operation from 115/230 V
50/60 Hz supply
6280-333
DH5 straight duplex handspikes (2)
One has indicator lights, 2.5 m
6111-517
Cigar lighter adapter for battery charging
6280-332
User guide
6172-473
DH6 duplex handspikes (2) suitable
for working on 600 V systems, 2.5 m
6111-518
Warranty book
6170-618
Duplex handspikes (2) with spring loaded helical contacts
6380-138
2m
2.5 m
5.5 m
only 1 lead supplied 6 m
9m
Optional accessories at extra cost
Carrying case for DLRO10/10X and all standard
accessories
Carrying case for optional lead sets
18313
Calibration shunt,10 W, current rating 1 mA
249000
Calibration shunt, 1 W, current rating 10 mA
249001
Calibration shunt, 100 mW current rating 1 A
249002
Calibration shunt, 10 mW current rating 10 A
249003
Www.megger.com
Optional test leads at extra cost
Duplex leads
242011-7
6111-022
242011-18
6111-023
242011-30
Straight duplex handspikes (2) heavy duty with fixed contacts
2m
5.5 m
9m
242002-7
242002-18
242002-30
61
3
BT51
Low resistance ohmmeter
SPECIFICATIONS
Ranges
2000 mW, resolution 1 mW
20,00 mW, resolution 0,01 mW
Test current
2 A nominal, with up to 2 W across
the C terminals
Accuracy
(0 °C to 50 °C)
±1% of reading ±2 digits
Display
3½-digit LED display
Environmental
Operating temperature
0 °C to 50 °C
Storage
-20 °C to +50 °C
Relay protection for up to 240 V mains supply applied from C1/Pl to C2/P2
100 mA (T) fuse, 20 x 5 mm, ceramic (for charging circuit)
Power supply
4 Ah capacity NiCad rechargeable cells with internal charging unit
Normal charging time of 10 hours on 240 V, 50 Hz mains supply
Mechanical data
Dimensions (H x W x D)
245 mm x 344 mm x 158 mm
Weight
4.5 kg
BT51
n High test current
n Four terminal measurement
nTwo measuring ranges (2000 mW and 20,000 mW) and
maximum resolution of 0,01 mW
n
Protected against inadvertent connection to the mains
supply
Description
The BT51 low resistance ohmmeter makes measurements by
If you need a...
passing a current through the conductor under test and also
monitoring the voltage across it. The test current is limited by
a simple current limiting circuit and is measured by monitoring
micro-ohmmeter designed for switchyards, see our
MJÖLNER range from page 66
the voltage across a resistor. The test current is maintained
at a nominal 2 A, and as the measurement is ratiometric, the
reading is unaffected by any current variations.
Instruments that measure low resistance accurately and give
the result directly are invaluable in many applications.
The BT51 is a stable, accurate, reliable, low resistance
ohmmeter suited to both precision laboratory applications
and to applications in the field.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
Low resistance ohmmeter (240 V operation)
BT51
Low resistance ohmmeter (120 V operation)
BT51/120
Included accessories
Supply lead for battery charger
25424-860
Duplex handspikes with 2,5 m test leads
6111-022
Operating instruction book
6170-921
Optional accessories
3
62
Test leads with duplex hand spikes 6,0 m
6111-023
Test leads with duplex hand spikes 9,1 m
6111-024
Four terminal lead set with clip connectors
6110-220
Test lead with single hand spikes, 1,8 m
6130-516
Accessory pouch, leather
6430-193
T: + 44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
247000 series
Low resistance ohmmeter
General-purpose low resistance ohmmeters
Two models specially designed for general-purpose testing
applications are available.
Each provides up to 10 amperes of test current for measuring
resistances to 60 ohms with 1 μΩ resolution and ±0.25%
accuracy.
Dual-Pak general purpose model, Cat. No. 247000
This battery-powered unit features separate measuring and
charger modules for maximum portability. The charger can be
left in the shop, and the measuring module taken to the job
site.
It weighs less than 3.6 kg (8 lbs) and provides hours of testing.
Single-Pak general purpose model, Cat. No. 247001
This compact instrument packages measuring circuits,
rechargeable batteries and charger in one self-contained unit.
Ruggedly built to handle the most demanding field
applications, the Single-Pak is housed in a tough Noryl® case
with hinged, removable lid and carrying handle.
It also includes captive wing nuts.
Single-Pak/low range model, Cat. No. 247000
This model provides an extra range, 0 to 599.9 μΩ, for
applications requiring 0.1 μΩ resolution. It also features a
current-reversing switch to average out any voltage offset in
the test sample. Captive wing nuts are also standard.
Low range/high current models, Cat. No. 247100 and 247101
These instruments are used when a continuous test current of
100 amperes is required. They include a separate 100 ampere
current supply module with a modified standard batterypowered 10 ampere system.
247000
n
n
n
Resolution to 0.1 μΩ on 599.9 μΩ range
Standard accuracy of ±0.25%
Digital readout
Description
Low resistance ohmmeters are a family of highly accurate
instruments that provide a simple, practical and reliable
means of making low-resistance tests in the field. They also
are ideal for production quality control.
They operate on the four-wire measurement principle,
thus eliminating lead and contact resistances. With basic
accuracies of ±0.25% and resolution down to 0.1 μΩ, they are
nonetheless designed to be rugged and portable for use at
These combinations provide a sixth range, 0 to 599.9 μΩ, with
the job site. A variety of optional test leads and calibration
the 100 ampere current. For 100 ampere measurements, an
resistance standards are offered for use with low resistance
interconnecting cable from the 100 ampere current supply
ohmmeters.
module is plugged into a special receptacle on the measuring
module.
When the 100 ampere range is not used, a jumper plug is
inserted in place of the interconnecting cable.
This feature allows the measuring module to be used as a
standard battery-powered, 10 A instrument.
Cat. No. 247100 meets ANSI C37.09, test procedure for AC
high voltage circuit breakers.
Www.megger.com
63
3
247000 series
Low resistance ohmmeter
SPECIFICATIONS
SPECIFICATIONS
Cat. No.
Resistance range
Resolution Current
Accuracy
Power source
Dimensions
(H x W x D)
Weight
24700 - Dual Pak
0-5.999 mΩ
0-59.99 mΩ
0-599.9 mΩ
0-5.999 Ω
0-59.99 Ω
1 µΩ
10 µΩ
0.1 mΩ
1 mΩ
10 mΩ
10 A
1A
100 mA
10 mA
1 mA
(0.25%
reading + 1
lsd)
Rechargeable batteries
with separate charger
20 x 23 x 20 cm
(8 x 9 x 8 in.)
5.6 kg
(12.25 lb)
247001 - Single Pak
0-5999 mΩ
0-59.99 mΩ
0-599.9 mΩ
0-5.999 Ω
0-59.99 Ω
1 µΩ
10 µΩ
0.1 mΩ
1 mΩ
10 mΩ
10 A
1A
100 mA
10 mA
1 mA
(0.25%
reading + 1
lsd)
Rechargeable batteries
with internal charger
30 x 16 x 25 cm
(12 x 6 x 10 in.)
5.5 kg
(12 lb)
247002 - Single Pak, low range
0-599.9 mΩ
0-5.999 mΩ
0-59.99 mΩ
0-5.999 Ω
0-59.99 Ω
0.1 µΩ
1 µΩ
10 µΩ
1 mΩ
10 mΩ
10 A
10 A
1A
10 mA
1 mA
(0.3% reading
+ 1 lsd)
Rechargeable batteries
with internal charger
30 x 16 x 25 cm
(12 x 6 x 10 in.)
5.5 kg
(12 lb)
247100
247120 - Power Pak, low range
0.599.9 mΩ
0.1 µΩ
100 A
(0.5% reading
+ 2 lsd)
Line operated supply
33 x 20 x 25 cm
(13 x 8 x 10 in.)
9.3 kg
(20 lb)
1 µΩ
10 µΩ
0.1 mΩ
1 mΩ
10 mΩ
10 A
1A
100 mA
10 mA
1 mA
0-5.999 mΩ*
0-59.99 mΩ
247101 - Higher ranges
0-599.9 mΩ
Measuring modules 247000-3 or 0-5.999 Ω
247001-3
0-59.99 Ω
or
0.5999 Ω*
(0.25%
reading + 1
lsd)
Dual-Pak units
20 x 23 x 20 cm
(8 x 9 x 8 in.)
Rechargeable batteries
with separate charger or
internal charger
Single-Pak
30 x 16 x 25 cm
(12 x 6 x 10 in.)
5.5 kg
(12 lb)
247100 consists of 247000-3 Dual-Pak & 247120 100 ampere Power Supply
247101 consists of 247001-3 Single-Pak & 247120 100 ampere Power Supply
*Alternate range ID for lower range.
3
64
T: + 44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
247000 series
Low resistance ohmmeter
Individual test leads
Duplex test leads
Maximum
test current
Type
Termination
Maximum
test current
Potential
Handspikes
N/A
2 m (7 ft)
5.5 m(18 ft)
9 m (30 ft)
242021-7
242021-18
242021-30
Helical hand
Spikes with
spring points
10 A
2 m (7 ft)
242011-7
5.5 m (18 ft) 242011-18
9 m (30 ft)
242011-30
10 A
2 m (7 ft)
242041-7
5.5 m (18 ft) 242041-18
9 m (30 ft)
242041-30
10 A
5.5 m (18 ft) 242009-18
100 A***
5 m (16 ft)
8 m (26 ft)
Helical hand
Spikes with
spring points
and current
pushbutton
switch
Heavy duty
Fixed point
Handspikes
10 A
2 m (7 ft)
242002-7
5.5 m (18 ft) 242002-18
9 m (30 ft)
242002-30
Replaceable
Needle point
10 A
2 m (7 ft)
2 in. (5 cm)
Heavy duty
C Clamps
10 A
2 m (7 ft)
242004-7
5.5 m (18 ft) 242004-18
9 m (30 ft)
242004-30
4 in. (10 cm)
Heavy duty
C Clamps
100 A***
Terminal clips
Current
Heavy duty
clamps
Length
Cat. No.
Termination
242144-16
242144-26
20 A
0.5 in. (1.3 cm)
10 A
Kelvin clips
Length
Cat. No.
242003-7
5 m (16 ft)
242104-2-16
8 m (26 ft)
242104-2-26
2m (7 ft)
241005-7*
242005-7**
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
Product
Order Code
DLRO® Digital low resistance ohmmeters
Dual Pak, battery-operated (10 A)
247000
Instrument carrying case for Cat. No. 247001,
247002
Single Pak, battery operated (10 A)
247001
Lead carrying case
Single Pak/low range, battery-operated (10 A)
247002
Field test shunt, 10 Ω, current rating 0.001 A
249000*
Field test shunt, 1 Ω, current rating 0.01 A
249001*
Field test shunt, 0.1 Ω current rating 1 A
249002*
Low range/high current, line- and
battery-operated (100 A)
247100 or
247101
Included accessories
Line cord, where applicable
Instruction manual
17032
AVTM24-1J
Optional accessories
Test leads
100 ampere current supply for Cat. No. 247000-3
and 247001-3
100 A adapter plug for Cat. No. 247000 and
247001 only
249004
Field test, 0.0001 Ω current rating 500 A
249005
CERT-NIST
*Furnished with protective shield
Add -3
Add -11
230 V (nominal), 50/60 Hz operation
Add -47
Www.megger.com
249003
Field test shunt, 0.001 Ω current rating 100 A
247120
Input voltage protection for Cat. No. 247000,
247001 and 247002 only
Instrument carrying case for Cat. No. 247000
18313
Field test shunt, 0.01 Ω current rating 10 A
Certificate of calibration, NST
See chart
218748
218746
65
3
MJÖLNER200
Micro-ohmmeter
Applications
MJÖLNER 200 test system is designed to serve a number
of applications. The most common are contact resistance
measurements of low-, medium- and high-voltage breakers
and also at bus-bar joints, and other high current links.
The contact resistance measurements concerning breaker
testing are particularly called for in the following standards:
ANSI C37.09-1979 (5.14), IEC 1208 and IEC 694 (6.4).
If the contact resistance is too high this will lead to power loss
and temperature rise, which often leads to serious trouble. To
avoid such problems, it is necessary to check the resistance at
regular intervals.
The following table demonstrates how important low
resistance is at high currents:
Current
Contact resistance
Power loss
10 kA
1 mΩ
100 kW
10 kA
0.1 mΩ
10 kW
1 kA
1 mΩ
1 kW
1 kA
0.1 mΩ
100 W
MJÖLNER200
n
n
n
n
At 10 kA a contact with the resistance 0.1 mΩ gives a power
loss of 10 kW. This power loss in one single point will
definitely confer a temperature rise, which may result in
overheating and possibly premature failure.
Fully automatic testing - micro-processor controlled
Safe test – DualGround™ and Remote control
True DC – ripple free current
Lightweight suitcase – withstands the impact of water, dust or sand
n
n
Built in thermal printer
PC interface connection
Description
The MJÖLNER™200 is designed to measure the resistance of
circuit breaker contacts, bus-bar joints, contact elements in
bus-bars and other high-current links. This product is designed
with safety, ease of use and versatility in mind.
The micro-ohmmeter can be used anywhere to measure a
low resistance value with high accuracy. It conducts true DC
ripple free current testing of bus bars, circuit breakers, fuses,
etc. High current capability, up to 200 A DC – the user avoids
problems with incorrect test results due to low test current
when testing high current devices such as circuit breakers.
MJÖLNER200 can make measurements using the
DualGround™ method. This means that the test object will
be grounded on both sides throughout the test giving a
safer, faster and easier workflow. The lightweight and rugged
suitcase design makes MJÖLNER200 an excellent choice when
you need a portable solution in the field. With the case closed,
the product can withstand the impact of water, dust or sand –
it even floats.
Optional accessories are a remote control and MJÖLNER Win
PC software that is compatible with IPS–CEBEX and has export
functions for tables to Microsoft® Excel®.
3
66
If you need a...
low resistance ohmmeter designed for the
transportation industries see our DLRO range
from page 57
T: + 44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
MJÖLNER200
Micro-ohmmeter
Specifications
Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to
change without notice.
Environment
Application field
Temperature
Operation
Storage
Relative humidity %RH
For use in high-voltage substations
and industrial environments.
-20 °C to +50 °C (-4 °F to +122 °F)
-40 ºC to +70 ºC (-40 °F to +158 °F)
5%-95%, non condensing
CE-marking
EMC
LVD
2004/108/EC
2006/95/EC
General
Mains voltage
Power consumption
Protection
Dimensions
Weight
100 - 120, 200 - 240 V AC, 50 / 60 Hz
(max) 39 A at 100 V, 18 A at 230 V
Thermal fuses, Software
486 x 392 x 192 mm
(19” x 15.4” x 7.6”)
13.8 kg (30.4 lbs)
Measurement section
Measuring range
Resolution
Inaccuracy, 50 – 600 A,
10 - 40 ºC, R < 1 mΩ
0 – 999.9 mΩ
0.1 μΩ below 1.0 mΩ
1 μΩ
below 10 mΩ
10 μΩ
below 100 mΩ
100 μΩ below 1000 mΩ
Typ ±0.3 μΩ, Max. ±2 μΩ
Outputs
DC+ / COM
Range
Output voltage (max)
OUTPUT 100 μV/A
Shunt output
Inaccuracy
Inputs
SENSE
5 – 600 A DC (steps of 1 A)
5.25 V DC at 600 A
Ripple ptp <2% (0 to +50 °C)
From internal shunt 60 mV at 600 A
±1%
INPUT DC current
clamp
Max. 20 V between terminals and
to protective earth (ground).
Max. 20 V between terminals and
to protective earth (ground).
Input sensitivity
Input impedance
Adjustable 0.1 – 20 mV/A
>1 MΩ
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
MJÖLNER200
Incl. Std. cable set 3 m, (current cables 2 x 3 m,
35 mm2 and sensing cables 2 x 3 m), ground cables
BD-19190
Incl. Std. cable set 5 m, (current cables 2 x 5 m,
35 mm2 and sensing cables 2 x 5 m), ground cables
BD-19191
Incl. Std. cable set 3 m, (current cables 2 x 3 m,
35 mm2 and sensing cables 2 x 3 m), ground cable
and DC Current clamp (200 A / 20 mV)
BD-19192
Optional accessories
Www.megger.com
MJÖLNER Win
Windows® software
BD-8010X
Remote control
BD-90010
Temperature probe
BD-90012
Thermal paper roll (for printer)
GC-0050
Extension cable set 5 m
(current cables 2 x 5 m, 35 mm2
and sensing cables 2 x 8 mm)
GA-03206
Transport case
660 x 240 x 550 mm (26 x 9.4 x 21.6 in.)
(L x W x H)
GD-00270
67
3
MJÖLNER600
Micro-ohmmeter
Applications
MJÖLNER600 test system is designed to serve a number
of applications. The most common are contact resistance
measurements of low-, medium- and high-voltage breakers
and also at bus-bar joints, and other high current links.
The contact resistance measurements concerning breaker
testing are particularly called for in the following standards:
ANSI C37.09-1979 (5.14), IEC 1208 and IEC 694 (6.4).
If the contact resistance is too high this will lead to power loss
and temperature rise, which often leads to serious trouble. To
avoid such problems, it is necessary to check the resistance at
regular intervals.
The following table demonstrates how important low
resistance is at high currents:
Current
Contact resistance
Power loss
10 kA
1 mΩ
100 kW
10 kA
0.1 mΩ
10 kW
1 kA
1 mΩ
1 kW
1 kA
0.1 mΩ
100 W
MJÖLNER600
n
n
n
n
At 10 kA a contact with the resistance 0.1 mΩ gives a power
loss of 10 kW. This power loss in one single point will
definitely confer a temperature rise, which may result in
overheating and possibly premature failure.
Fully automatic testing - micro-processor controlled
Safe test – DualGround™ and remote control
True DC – ripple free current
Lightweight suitcase – withstands the impact of water, dust or sand
n
n
Built in thermal printer
PC interface connection
Description
The MJÖLNER™600 is designed to measure the resistance of
circuit breaker contacts, bus-bar joints, contact elements in
bus-bars and other high-current links. The product has been
designed with safety, ease of use and versatility in mind.
The micro-ohmmeter conducts true DC ripple free current and
can be used anywhere to measure a low resistance value with
high accuracy. With MJÖLNER600 you can measure using the
DualGround™ method. This means that the test object will
be grounded on both sides throughout the test giving a safer,
faster and easier workflow.
Choose the MJÖLNER600 with sufficient power resources for
demanding applications, superior measurement accuracy and
when 300 Amp continuous is required.
The lightweight and rugged suitcase design makes MJÖLNER600
an excellent choice when you need a portable solution in the
field. When the case is closed, the product can withstand the
impact of water, dust or sand – it even floats.
Two optional accessories are; a remote control and the PC
software MJÖLNER Win that is compatible with IPS–CBEX and
have export functions for tables to Microsoft® Excel®.
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MJÖLNER600
Micro-ohmmeter
Specifications
Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to
change without notice.
Environment
Application field
Temperature
Operation
Storage
Relative humidity %RH
For use in high-voltage substations
and industrial environments.
-20 °C to +50 °C (-4 °F to +122 °F)
-40 ºC to +70 ºC (-40 °F to +158 °F)
5%-95%, non condensing
CE-marking
EMC
LVD
2004/108/EC
2006/95/EC
General
Mains voltage
Power consumption
Protection
Dimensions
Weight
100 - 120, 200 - 240 V AC, 50 / 60 Hz
(max) 39 A at 100 V, 18 A at 230 V
Thermal fuses, Software
486 x 392 x 192 mm
(19” x 15.4” x 7.6”)
13.8 kg (30.4 lbs)
Measurement section
Measuring range
Resolution
Inaccuracy, 50 – 600 A,
10 - 40ºC, R < 1 mΩ
0 – 999.9 mΩ
0.1 μΩ below 1.0 mΩ
1 μΩ
below 10 mΩ
10 μΩ
below 100 mΩ
100 μΩ below 1000 mΩ
Typical ±0.3 μΩ, Max. ±2 μΩ
Outputs
DC+ / COM
Range
Output voltage (max)
5 – 600 A DC (steps of 1 A)
5.25 V DC at 600 A
OUTPUT 100 μV/A
Shunt output
Inaccuracy
Inputs
SENSE
From internal shunt 60 mV at 600 A
±1%
INPUT DC current
clamp
Max. 20 V between terminals and
to protective earth (ground).
Max. 20 V between terminals and
to protective earth (ground).
Input sensitivity
Input impedance
Adjustable 0.1 – 20 mV/A
>1 MΩ
Www.megger.com
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
MJÖLNER600
Incl. Std. cable set 3 m, (current cables 2 x 3 m,
35 mm2 and sensing cables 2 x 3 m), ground cable
BB-59090
Incl. Std. cable set 5 m, (current cables 2 x 5 m,
35 mm2 and sensing cables 2 x 5 m), ground cables
BB-59091
Incl. Std. cable set 3 m, (current cables 2 x 3 m,
35 mm2 and sensing cables 2 x 3 m), ground cable
and DC Current clamp (200 A / 20 mV)
BB-59092
Optional accessories
MJÖLNER Win
Windows® software
BD-8010X
Remote control
BD-90010
Temperature probe
BD-90012
Thermal paper roll (for printer)
GC-00050
Extension cable set 5 m
(current cables 2 x 5 m, 35 mm2
and sensing cables 2 x 8 mm)
GA-03206
Extension cable set 10 m
(current cables 2 x 10 m, 35 mm2
and sensing cables 2 x 13 mm)
GA-03208
Calibration kit
200 A/ 20 mV shunt and instruction
BD-90022
DualGround kit
DC Current clamp 200 A (incl. cables)
XA-12792
69
3
MOM2
Micro-ohmmeter
Applications
MOM2 test system is designed to serve a number of
applications.
The most common are contact resistance measurements of
low-, medium- and high-voltage breakers and also at bus-bar
joints, and other high current links.
If the contact resistance is too high this will lead to power loss
and temperature rise, which often leads to serious trouble. To
avoid such problems, it is necessary to check the resistance at
regular intervals.
The following table demonstrates how important low
resistance is at high currents:
Current 10 kA Power loss
100 kW
10 kA
0.1 mΩ 10 kW
1 kA 1 mΩ 1 kW
1 kA 0.1 mΩ 100 W
At 10 kA a contact with the resistance 0.1 mΩ gives a power
loss of 10 kW. This power loss in one single point will
definitely confer a temperature rise, which may result in
overheating and possibly premature failure.
MOM2
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Contact resistance 1 mΩ Up to 220 A
Battery supplied
Lightweight – 1 kg
Safe test – DualGround™
Auto range: 1 μΩ to 1000 mΩ
Bluetooth® PC communication
Complies with IEEE and IEC standards
Description
The MOM2 is designed to measure the resistance of circuit
breaker contacts, bus-bar joints and other high-current links.
This product is designed with safety, ease of use and versatility
in mind.
The micro-ohmmeter can be used anywhere to measure a low
resistance value with high accuracy.
With MOM2 you can measure using the DualGround™
method. This means that the test object will be grounded on
both sides throughout the test giving a safer, faster and easier
workflow.
The ruggedness and lightweight makes MOM2 a handheld
instrument very suitable for field work, such as in substations.
The unit comes with a strong rubber holster accessory which
makes it extra durable. MOM2 is dimensioned to make a full
day’s work of testing without recharge. It can store 190 test
values and transfer test data to a PC via Bluetooth.
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MOM2
Micro-ohmmeter
Features and benefits
9
10
1. Current output terminal (-).
2. Current output terminal (+).
3. Display.
1
2
n The display offers a combination of analogue arc and a dual digital readout:
n Analogue arc:
3
4
Indicates level of the capacitor charge.
5
n Dual digital display:
Large main digital readout for good visibility of all main measurement results.
Second digital display for additional data.
6
7
4. Ground (earth) terminal.
5. Keys for navigation and to make settings in the display.
8
6. TEST-button.
7. “Wake up”, Clear log.
8. Function selector.
OFF
0.1 s
I > I min
0.6 s
3s
Measurement time with
minimum current guarantee
11
12
0.1 s
I = I max
0.6 s
Measurement time with max. charge
3s
Bluetooth “pair units”
SET
CLK
Set Date/Time
I min
Minimum current guarantee setting
LOG
Data log settings
P/F
Pass/Fail settings
PC communication (dump data to PC)
PC COM
1
USER
2
Stored settings (Set from PC SW)
3
9. Connector for the voltage (-) sense lead.
10.Connector for the voltage sense (+) sense lead.
11.Connector for the battery charger.
12.Battery charger indicator.
Www.megger.com
71
3
MOM2
Micro-ohmmeter
Specifications MOM2
Measurement section
Specifications are valid at fully charged batteries and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to
change without notice.
Minimum current
guarantee
Pass / Fail
Number of measurements
on fully charged batteries
Interference suppression
Range
Range selection
Resolution
0 – 999 µΩ
1.0 – 9.99 mΩ
10.0 – 99.9 mΩ
100 – 1000 mΩ
Inaccuracy
0 – 1999 µΩ
2 – 1000 mΩ
Environment
Application field
Temperature
Operation
Storage
Relative humidity %RH
Pollution degree
Shock
Vibration
Transport
Flammability class
For use in high-voltage substations
and industrial environments.
-20 ºC to +50 °C (-4 °F to +122 °F) *)
-40 ºC to +70 ºC (-40 °F to +158 °F)
5%-95%, non condensing
2
IEC 60068-2-27
IEC 60068-2-6
ISTA 2A
V0
*) Battery operation temperature 0 ºC to +50° (32 °F to +122 °F)
Battery charging temperature +10 ºC to +40° (50 °F to +104 °F)
CE-marking
EMC
LVD
Range
Output voltage (max)
Generation duration
General
Five AA (HR6) 2700 mAh NiMH cells
< 12 h
Typical recharge time at
25 °C
Battery charger
Mains voltage
Power consumption
Protection
3h
1 µΩ
0.01 mΩ
0.1 mΩ
1 mΩ
±1 % of reading ±1 digit
±2 % of reading ±1 digit
Outputs + / –
2004/108/EC
2006/95/EC
Battery power
Recharge time
Selectable 50 A / 100 A
Valid at resistance ≤2 mΩ
Settable from 1 µΩ to 1999 mΩ
typ. 2200 at I min = 50 A and 0.1s
typ. 800 at I min = 100 A and 0.1s
Yes
0 - 1000 mΩ
Auto
100 - 250 V AC, 50 / 60 Hz
60 W
Against wrong battery type, low/high
temperature.
Real time clock battery life ≥10 years
Audible feedback
Different buzzer sounds
User presets
3
Field calibration
Yes
Encapsulation
IP54
Dimensions (excl. binding 217 H x 92 B x 72 D mm
posts)
8.5 H x 3.6 B x 2.8 D in.
Weight
1.0 kg (2.2 lbs) instrument only
5.0 kg (11 lbs) with accessories and
carrying case
Generation time
0.1 s
0.6 s
3s
> 100 A DC (R < 2 mΩ)
2.5 V DC
Selectable: 0.1 s, 0.6 s, 3 s
Recovery time at I min set to 100 A
and load 100 μΩ
Max
Typ
10 s
8s
20 s
16 s
130 s
100 s
Inputs
SENSE + / –
Connector
Voltage
Trigger input
DC IN
4 mm banana jack
±3 V DC
Threshold 8 V DC
12 – 24 V DC, 2 A max
Logger
Logger, Data
Labeling schemes
Capacity
Label. Timestamp, I max, I min, I Limit,
Resistance, Meas.time, P/F limit
Circuit breaker oriented or diary
number
190 measurements
Wireless communication
Headset
PC communication
3
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Bluetooth
Bluetooth
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
MOM2
Micro-ohmmeter
Ordering information
Product
Order Code
MOM2
Including:
2 x 1.3 m (4 ft) test cables with Kelvin probes (one with trig
button)
Transport case, Charger, Rubber holster, Carrying strap,
Belt clip, MOM2 Win
BD-59090
MOM2
Including:
1.3 m (4 ft) test cable red with Kelvin clamp
3 m (10 ft) test cable black with Kelvin clamp
Transport case, Charger, Rubber holster, Carrying strap,
Belt clip, MOM2 Win
BD-59092
Optional accessories
Www.megger.com
Test cables with Kelvin probes
2 x 1.3 (4 ft) m (one with trig button)
GA-90000
Test cables with Kelvin clamps
1.3 m (4 ft) red, 3 m (10 ft) black
GA-00386
Cable kit 5 m
Current cable 0.5 m (1.6 ft), Connection plate and sense
cables 5 m (16 ft), Ground cable
GA-00380
Cable kit 10 m
Current cable 0.5 m (1.6 ft), Connection plate and sense
cables 10 m (33 ft), Ground cable
GA-00382
Cable kit 15 m
Current cable 0.5 m (1.6 ft), Connection plate and sense
cables 15 m (49 ft), Ground cable
GA-00384
Bluetooth kit
Bluetooth headset and dongle for PC
XC-06000
Calibration kit
BD-90002
73
3
MOM200A
Micro-ohmmeter
Application examples
IMPORTANT!
Read the user manual before using the instrument.
A. Measuring the resistance of a circuit breaker element
1. Connect the micro-ohmmeter to the circuit breaker.
2. Set the current (100 A in this example).
3. Press the resistance pushbutton.
4. Read the result.
B. Measuring the resistance of busbar joints
1. Connect the micro-ohmmeter’s current cables to the object
being tested. Do not connect the sensing cables since
measurements will be taken using an external movable
voltmeter.
2. Set the current (100 A in this example).
3. Connect an external voltmeter to the bus.
4. Read the voltmeter (0.1 mV = 1 µΩ in this example).
5. Move the voltmeter to the next joint.
6. Repeat step 4.
A
B
MOM200 A
nCompact and rugged
n Easy-to-use
n 200 A output current
Description
The MOM200A™ is designed to check and measure contact
resistances in high-voltage circuit breakers, disconnecting
switches (isolators) and busbar joints. The instrument is an
excellent choice when 200 amperes or less are needed for
measurement.
Since the MOM200A weighs only about 14 kg (31 lbs), it’s
convenient to take along with you.
MOM200A is ideal for finding poor connections since it can
put out 100 A for extended periods. Its range extending up
to 20 milliohms makes it ideal for measuring many different
types of connections.
A complete MOM200A includes a cable set (including separate
sensing cables) and a transport case.
3
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MOM200A
Micro-ohmmeter
Specifications MOM200A
Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to
change without notice.
Environment
Application field
Temperature
Operating
Storage & transport
Humidity
The instrument is intended for use in
high-voltage substations and industrial
environments.
0 °C to +50 °C (32 °F to +122 °F)
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to +158 °F)
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
CE-marking
EMC
LVD
2004/108/EC
2006/95/EC
General
Mains voltage
Power consumption
Protection
Dimensions
Instrument
Transport case
Weight
Current cables
Sensing cables
115 / 230 V AC, 50 / 60 Hz
1610 VA (max)
Miniature circuit breakers, thermal cutouts
280 x 178 x 246 mm (11” x 7” x 9.7”)
560 x 260 x 360 mm
(22” x 10.2” x 14.2”)
14.6 kg (32.2 lbs) 26 kg (54.1 lbs) with
accessories and transport case
2 x 5 m (16 ft), 25 mm²
2 x 5 m (16 ft), 2.5 mm²
Measurement section
Resistance
Range
Resolution
Inaccuracy
0 – 1999 µΩ
0 – 19.99 mΩ
1 µΩ
10 µΩ
±1% of reading + 1 digit
Output
Current
Open circuit voltage
Current shunt output
0 – 200 A DC
4.7 V DC
10 mV / 100 A ±0.5%, max 20 mV out,
max 10 V to protective earth (ground)
Max. load capacity
Current adjustment set to 100%
Output
Min.
Max. load
current
output time
voltage
100 A DC
3.8 V
5 min.
DC
15 min.
200 A DC
3.0 V
20 s
DC
Www.megger.com
ORDERING INFORMATION
Rest time
15 min.
60 min.
5 min.
Product
Order Code
MOM200A
Incl. Cable set GA-02053,
Ground cable GA-00200,
Transport case GD-00010
115 V mains voltage
BD-11190
230 V mains voltage
BD-12290
Optional accessories
Cable set 10 m
2 x 10 m (33 ft), 35 mm2 (current cables)
2 x 10 m (33 ft), 2.5 mm2 (sensing cables)
Weight: 9 kg (19.8 lbs)
GA-03103
Cable set 15 m
2 x 15 m (49 ft), 35 mm2 (current cables)
2 x 15 m (49 ft), 2.5 mm2 (sensing cables)
Weight: 18.6 kg (40.9 lbs)
GA-05153
Calibration shunt
200 A/20 mV
BD-90022
75
3
MOM600A
Micro-ohmmeter
Application examples
IMPORTANT!
Read the user manual before using the instrument.
A. Measuring the resistance of a circuit breaker element
1. Connect the micro-ohmmeter to the circuit breaker.
2. Set the current (100 A in this example).
3. Press the resistance pushbutton.
4. Read the result.
B. Measuring the resistance of busbar joints
1. Connect the micro-ohmmeter’s current cables to the object
being tested. Do not connect the sensing cables since
measurements will be taken using an external movable
voltmeter.
2. Set the current (100 A in this example).
3. Connect an external voltmeter to the bus.
4. Read the voltmeter (0.1 mV = 1 µΩ in this example).
5. Move the voltmeter to the next joint.
6. Repeat step 4.
A
B
MOM600A
nCompact and rugged
n Easy-to-use
n 600 A output current
Description
Switchgear breakdowns are frequently caused by excessively
high contact resistance at breakpoints and busbar joints.
Moreover, overheating risks are becoming more serious due
to the fact that today’s distribution networks have to carry
heavier loads. Checking contact resistances at regular intervals
detects faults before they cause overheating. And here, an
ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.
Micro-ohmmeters are used to measure contact resistances
in high-voltage breakers, disconnecting switches (isolators),
knife-contact fuses, bus joints, line joints etc.
The MOM600A™ is in a class apart particularly in
enviromentally challenging situations. Designed for use
from the arctic to the tropics, this rugged, compact microohmmeter is ideal for field work.
A complete set of equipment includes a set of highly flexible
cables (including separate measurement cables) and a sturdy
transport case.
3
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MOM600A
Micro-ohmmeter
Specifications
Measurement section
Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to
change without notice.
Resistance
Environment
Application field
Temperature
Operating
Storage & transport
Humidity
The instrument is intended for use
in high-voltage substations and
industrial environments
0 °C to +50 °C (32 °F to +122 °F)
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to +158 °F)
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
CE-marking
EMC
LVD
2004/108/EC
2006/95/EC
General
Mains voltage
Power consumption (max)
Protection
Dimensions
Instrument
Transport case
Weight, 115 V model
Weight, 230 V model
Current cables
Sensing cables
115 / 230 V AC, 50 / 60 Hz
115 V, 4370 VA
230 V, 7360 VA
Miniature circuit breakers, thermal
cut-outs
356 x 203 x 241 mm
(14” x 8” x 9,5”)
610 x 290 x 360 mm
(24.0” x 11.4” x 14.2”)
25 kg (55.1 lbs)
43.1 kg (95 lbs) with accessories and
transport case
24.7 kg (54.5 lbs), 42.8 kg (94.4 lbs)
with accessories and transport case
2 x 5 m (16 ft), 50 mm²
2 x 5 m (16 ft), 2.5 mm²
Range
Resolution
Inaccuracy
0 – 1999 μΩ
1 μΩ
±1% of reading +1 digit
(at 100 – 600 A test current)
Output, 115 V model
Current
0 – 600 A DC
Open circuit voltage
5.2 V DC
Current shunt output
10 mV / 100 A ±0.5%, max 60 mV
out, max 10 V to protective earth
(ground)
Output, 230 V model
Current
Open circuit voltage
Current shunt output
0 – 600 A DC
9 V DC
10 mV / 100 A ±0.5%,
max 60 mV out, max 10 V
to protective earth (ground)
Max. load capacity, 115 V model
Current adjustment set to 100%
Output cur- Min.
Max.
rent
output
load
voltage
time
100 A DC
4.6 V
300 A DC
3.8 V
1.5 min.
600 A DC
2.6 V
10 s
Rest
time
Input current
15 min.
5 min.
8A
20 A
38 A
Max. load capacity, 230 V model
Current adjustment set to 100%
Output cur- Min.
Max.
rent
output
load
voltage
time
100 A DC
8.3 V
–
300 A DC
7.2 V
2.5 min.
600 A DC
5.6 V
15 s
Rest
time
Input current
–
15 min.
5 min.
6A
16 A
32 A
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
MOM600A
Complete with:
Cable set GA-05053
Ground cable GA-00200
Transport case GD-00010
115 V mains voltage
BB-11190
230 V mains voltage
BB-12290
Optional accessories
Www.megger.com
Cable set 10 m
2 x 10 m (33 ft), 35 mm2 (current cables)
2 x 10 m (33 ft), 2.5 mm2 (sensing cables)
Weight: 16.8 kg (37 lbs)
GA-07103
Cable set 15 m
2 x 15 m (49 ft), 35 mm2 (current cables)
2 x 15 m (49 ft), 2.5 mm2 (sensing cables)
Weight: 29.4 kg (65 lbs)
GA-09153
Calibration shunt
600 A/60 mV
BB-90020
77
3
MOM690
Micro-ohmmeter
Application example
IMPORTANT!
Read the user manual before using the instrument.
Measuring the resistance of a breaker
1. Make certain the line is de-energized on both sides of the
breaker.
2.
Ground the breaker on one side and make certain it is
closed.
3.
Ground the micro-ohmmeter.
4.
Make certain the micro-ohmmeter’s ON/OFF switch is OFF
while making connections.
5.
Connect the current cables to the DC+ and COM
terminals and the sensing cables to the sensing inputs to
both sides of the breaker, making sure that the polarities
match properly.
IMPORTANT: The sensing cables must be connected
inside the current cables. Otherwise the test data will be
incorrect. See Fig.
6.
Switch on the MOM690.
7.
Select “AUTO” or “MAN” with the <FUNC>-button.
Easy to use
8.
Set output current to zero to start the measurement.
Automatic range setting
9.
Increase the current to the desired value (600 A for
example).
MOM690
n
n
n
MOM Win PC-software
10. Read the resistance value.
Description
Measuring resistance is an important part of maintaining
high-voltage breakers and disconnecting switches. Instruments
that measure the resistance of high-current contacts and other
transmission elements have been included in the Megger line
of products for many years.
MOM690™ supplements our family of micro-ohmmeters.
In addition to high current capacity, MOM690™ features
microprocessor-based measurement, storage and reporting.
The built-in software enables you to carry out an individual
test or an entire series of tests and store the results.
With the optional MOMWin™ software you can also export
the test results to a PC for further analysis and reporting.
Ranges are set automatically, resistances are measured
continually and test results can be automatically captured at a
preset test current. What could be simpler?
Measuring the resistance of a breaker
After testing a breaker with a CT mounted in its current
circuit, e.g. dead tank and GIS breakers, some standards
recommended that the CT is demagnetized. This troublesome
task can be accomplished quickly and easily thanks to the
MOM690’s AC output. The AC output can also be used as a
general multi-purpose current source in different applications.
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MOM690
Micro-ohmmeter
Specifications
Max. load resistance / current, 230 V model
Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to
change without notice.
Cable set
Environment
Application field
Temperature
Operating
Storage & transport
Humidity
The instrument is intended for use in
high-voltage substations and industrial
environments.
0 °C to +50 °C (32 °F to +122 °F)
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to +158 °F)
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
CE-marking
EMC
LVD
2004/108/EC
2006/95/EC
General
Mains voltage
Power consumption
(max)
Protection
115 / 230 V AC, 50 / 60 Hz
115 V, 5980 VA (at 600 A output)
230 V, 9660 VA
Miniature circuit breaker, thermal fuse,
software
Dimensions
Instrument
350 x 270 x 220 mm
(13.8” x 10.6” x 8.7”)
Transport case
610 x 290 x 360 mm
(24.0” x 11.4” x 14.2”)
Weight, 115 V model
24 kg (52.9 lbs)
38.9 kg (85.7 lbs) with accessories and
transport case
Weight, 230 V model 23.7 kg (52.2 lbs)
38.6 kg (85.1 lbs) with accessories and
transport case
Available languages
English, French, German, Spanish,
Swedish
Current cables
2 x 5 m (16 ft), 50 mm²
Sensing cables
2 x 5 m (16 ft), 2.5 mm²
Optional current cable sets
Ext.1
Extension 2 x 5 m, 50 mm²
Ext.2
Extension 2 x 10 m, 50 mm²
2 x 15 m (49.2 ft)
95 mm²
Measurement section
Ammeter
Range
Resolution
Inaccuracy
0 – 800 A
1A
100 – 800 A, ±1% of reading +1 digit
50 – 99 A, ±(2% of reading +2 digits)
0 – 49 A, not specified
Resistance
Range
Resolution
Inaccuracy
0 – 200 mΩ, >200 mΩ not specified
1 μΩ
100 – 800 A, ±1% of reading +1 digit
50 – 99 A, ±2% of reading +2 digits
0 – 49 A, not specified
Max. load resistance / current, 115 V model
Cable set
At 300 A
Max.
current
Standard
10 mΩ
575 A
Standard +
Ext. 1
6 mΩ
420 A
Www.megger.com
Standard
+ Ext. 1
3 mΩ
360 A
2 x 15 m
95 mm²
10 mΩ
540 A
At 300 A
At 600 A
Max.
current
Standard Standard +
Ext. 1
18 mΩ
14 mΩ
3.0 mΩ
750 A
570 A
Standard 2 x 15 m
+ Ext. 1
95 mm²
11 mΩ
18 mΩ
1.8 mΩ
480 A
690 A
Output DC (CAT I), 115 V model
Current (A)
Voltage (V)
0
50
100
200
300
400
500
5751)
600
700
8002)
7.3
6.9
6.4
5.5
4.8
3.9
3.0
2.5
2.2
1.5
0.9
Max. load time Input current
(A)
–
0.8
30 min.
10 min.
10
90 s
19
50 s
30 s
38
15 s
10 s
8s
52
5s
–
1) Maximum current with standard cables 2 x 5 m 50 mm²
2) At 800 A and above, instant shut off
Note: The above figures shows maximum load time from cold state 25 °C. They are not
valid for repeated tests
Output AC (CAT I), 115 V model
Current (A)
0
660
Voltage (V)
8.7
3.5
Max. load time Rest time
Cont.
–
2s
4 min.
Note: The DC and AC outputs must not be loaded at the same time.
Output DC (CAT I), 230 V model
Current (A)
0
50
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
7501)
8002)
Voltage (V ) Max. load time Input current
(A)
9.4
–
0.4
9.0
30 min.
8.6
10 min.
6
8.0
90 s
7.2
50 s
6.4
40 s
5.7
30 s
5.0
15 s
33
4.3
8s
3.8
5s
3.6
–
42
1) Maximum current with standard cables 2 x 5 m 50 mm²
2) At 800 A and above, instant shut off
Note: The above figures shows maximum load time from cold state 25 °C. They are not
valid for repeated tests
Output AC (CAT I), 230 V model
Current
(A)
0
660
Voltage
(V AC)
11.2
4.5
Max. load time Rest time
Cont.
2s
–
4 min.
Note: The DC and AC outputs must not be loaded at the same time.
79
3
MOM690
Micro-ohmmeter
Optional accessories
PC Software MOMWin
An optional Windows® program named MOMWin is available
for MOM690. It can be used to control measurement, analyse
the results and report the results from a PC. It also enables you
to retrieve test results stored previously in MOM690.
All readings are saved in ASCII-format and can be easily
exported to your favourite spreadsheet program. Results can
be presented in table or diagram form in MOMWin.
The program runs in Windows® 95, 98, NT, 2000 or XP.
Minimum requirement is a 486 computer with 8 MB of RAM.
Incl. serial cable for RS-232 port.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Cable set and current shunt
Order Code
MOM690
Complete with:
Cable set standard GA-05055
Ground cable GA-00200
Transport case GD-00182
115 V mains voltage
BB-41190
230 V mains voltage
BB-42390
Optional
PC Software MOMWin
Incl. serial cable for RS-232 port
BB-8010X
Cable set 15 m (49 ft)
2 x 15 m (49 ft), 95 mm2 (current cables)
2 x 15 m (49 ft), 2.5 mm2 (sensing cables)
Weight: 29.4 kg (64.8 lbs)
GA-09155
Cable extension sets
Since all current cables have bayonet connectors,
standard cables can be easily prolonged with 5- or
10-metre extension sets if so desired. In situations
requiring high currents and long cable lengths,
heavier cable sets may be necessary however.
GA-05057
Extension cable set No. 1
2 x 5 m (16 ft), 50 mm2 (current cables).
2 x 10 m (33 ft), 2.5 mm2 (sensing cables).
Weight: 7.5 kg (16.5 lbs)
3
80
Extension cable set No. 2
2 x 10 m (33 ft), 50 mm2 (current cables).
2 x 15 m (49 ft), 2.5 mm2 (sensing cables).
Weight: 15 kg (33 lbs)
GA-05107
Calibration shunt
An optional calibration shunt (600 A/60 mV) can
be ordered for MOM690, that enables you to
make certain that the instrument readings remain
correct.
BB-90024
Transport case XL
With space for the standard 5 m cable set +
extension cable set No. 1 or No. 2.
GD-00042
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E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
Optional Accessories
Large Kelvin clips
Duplex handspikes
Separate current and potential
leads
Replacement tips for DH4, DH5
and DH7 handspikes
242006-7
3.8 cm Kelvin clips (2) 2 m
6111-517 DH5
2 off, one with indicator lights,
2.5 m
242041-7
Current clip leadset 2 m leads
25940-012 - needle point
242006-18
3.8 cm Kelvin clips (2) 5.5 m
6111-518 DH6
As above, 2.5 m, 600 V rated
242006-30
3.8 cm Kelvin clips (2) 9 m
25940-014 - serrated end
242041-18
Current clip leadset 5.5 m leads
242041-30
Current clip leadset 9 m leads
Kelvin clips
Single handspikes
Heavy duty C-clamps
241005-7
1.27 cm Kelvin clips (2) gold plated
2m
242021-7
1 for potential measurement 2 m
242004-7
Heavy duty C-clamps 2 m leads
242021-18 - as above 5.5 m
242004-18
Heavy duty C-clamps 5.5 m leads
Heavy duty fixed point
handspikes
242002-7 - 2 m leads
242002-18 - 5.5 m leads
242005-7
Kelvin Clips 2 m leads - silver plated
clips
242021-30 - as above 9 m
Duplex probes
Heavy duty C-clamps
Heavy duty fixed point
handspikes replaceable tips
Accessory pouch
(suitable for BT51 only)
6111-022
2.5 m Duplex handspikes (2 incl.)
with helical sprung contacts.
6130-516
Test lead with single hand spikes,
1.8 m
242003-7 - 2 m leads
6430-193
Accesssory pouch, leather
242002-30 - 9 m leads
242004-30
Heavy duty C-clamps 9 m leads
242002-30 - 9 m leads
6111-023 DH2
6 m as DH1 but only 1 included
6111-024 DH3
9.0m as DH1 but only 1 included
Shunt calibration certificate
Calibration shunt
249000
10 Ω, current rating 1 mA
249002
100 mΩ, current rating 1 A
249001
1 Ω, current rating 10 mA
249003
10 mΩ, current rating 10 A
Www.megger.com
CERT-NIST
Certificate of calibration for shunts,
NIST
81
3
Optional Accessories
GA-90000
Kelvin probes with cables
XC-06000
Bluetooth headset
GA-00386
Kelvin clamps with cables
GA-02053
Cable set
Bluetooth dongle
Connection plate, used together
with cable kits
GA-00200
Ground cable
BD-90022
Shunt
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Optional Accessories
Www.megger.com
83
3
Power Quality
Harmonic pollution and voltage transients on supplies are by no means uncommon, and
can have expensive consequences. The key to diagnosing and eliminating these ills is
effective supply monitoring.
4
4
84
Selection guide............................................................................................ 85
Technical information................................................................................... 86
PA9Plus portable power analyzer................................................................. 88
PA9 Wireless portable quality analyzer......................................................... 89
MDP series distribution profiliers.................................................................. 92
MR-4 meter adapter recorders..................................................................... 94
SLM-8 8 channel recording volt-ammeter..................................................... 96
Current transformer power quality accessories............................................. 98
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
SELECTION GUIDE
n feature
£ option
Portable power analyzer
PA9 Plus
PA9
Wireless
MDP
MR4
SLM8
n
Portable quality analyzer
n
Distribution profilers
n
Meter adapter recorder
n
Volt ammeter
n
Onsite analyzer without a computer
n
Intelligent download
n
n
Harmonic trending
n
n
Includes Metrosoft software
n
n
Remote communications
n
n
Wireless modem
n
n
n
n
n
n
Voltage
n
n
Current
n
n
n
n
n
Harmonics
n
n
£
n
n
Waveform capture
n
n
£
n
Www.megger.com
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4
What is power quality?
The requirements for portability and stability make the use of
For today’s electrical engineers, power quality is an important
be possible to envisage an analogue instrument based on tuned
issue. Harmonic pollution and voltage transients on supplies are
filters and amplifiers, it would be a brave soul who would guarantee
by no means uncommon, and can have expensive consequences.
stability and accuracy outside of a laboratory environment!
digital measurement techniques virtually essential. While it would
The key to diagnosing and eliminating these ills is effective supply
Power quality monitoring often needs to be continued over a
monitoring.
considerable period of time, and if several circuits have to be
In our modern world, devices which present a non-linear load to
monitored, it is much easier and more economical to do this with
the electrical supply system are everywhere. Almost every computer
one multi-channel instrument than with several single-channel
or television, for example, has a switch-mode power supply, while
devices. Further, multi-channel operation means that all records are
inverter-based variable speed drives are found in huge numbers
absolutely synchronised, allowing easy and accurate comparison of
in virtually every office building and factory. Even the humble
the results on different channels.
fluorescent light fitting is likely to have an electronic ballast, which is
yet another non-linear load.
In many applications, it is also desirable to have facilities for eventtriggered recording, where the instrument can be set to record
There’s no doubt that these devices perform valuable functions, and
the data associated with a particular power quality phenomenon.
that, in many cases, they are very energy efficient, but they do have
This might, for example, be a voltage spike. The best equipped
one significant drawback: by definition, non-linear loads present
instruments will record events while continuing to store waveform
to the supply system an impedance which varies rapidly with time.
data, and to log trends in voltages, currents and power flows.
Typically, for example, they may draw current only for a small part of
each cycle of the supply waveform.
A large-capacity memory is needed to store the data collected,
together with non-volatile external memory facilities which allow it
The practical consequence of this behaviour is that non-linear
to be transferred easily to a PC, and software to permit subsequent
loads give rise to harmonic currents at multiples of the powerline
detailed analysis. It’s also worth mentioning that the ability to review
frequency. The presence of these harmonics in the supply can
and edit the data rapidly prior to transfer is also useful, since it
adversely affect the operation of electronic equipment, such as
avoids the time wasted in transferring and processing information
computers and telecommunication installations, but their effect is
which is not of interest.
by no means limited to these relatively sensitive low-power devices.
Harmonic currents can cause excessive and even dangerous heating
in power distribution transformers and neutral supply conductors,
All of the factors we have discussed so far, give a good idea of the
capabilities of the ideal modern power quality monitor. In summary,
it should be portable, self-powered from an unregulated AC/DC
and can also cause nuisance tripping in circuit breakers.
source, measure harmonics up to at least the 60th, offer a real-
Clearly, for safe and dependable operation of electrical installations,
time graphical display, indicate the direction of harmonic power
and the equipment connected to them, harmonics must be brought
flow, accommodate multiple channels, and have large data storage
under control. There can, however, be no true control without
facilities.
effective measuring and monitoring, so let’s have a look at what’s
These are the very factors which were used by Megger engineers as
needed to measure and monitor supply harmonics.
the basis for the design of the PA-9 Plus portable power analyser.
First, let’s consider the locations where we are likely to be measuring
Designed specifically for use on site, without a computer, this
harmonics. Among the most usual places are adjacent to electrical
compact instrument records power quality and power flow, as well
distribution equipment, or near loads which are suspected either of
as evaluating trends for harmonics, total harmonic distortion (THD),
generating harmonics or of being affected by them. In other words,
and total demand distortion (TDD).
measurements need to be taken in a variety of on-site conditions.
Power quality matters. Reliable operation of electrical equipment
This dictates that the instrument should be portable, robust and
can only be assured if engineers pro-actively manage the quality of
insensitive to changes in ambient conditions.
the power delivered to their electrical installations, and the only way
Now, let’s consider the provision of power for the instrument.
that they achieve this is by regular and systematic monitoring.
Frequently, the only readily available power source is the one
which is under investigation. An instrument which requires a
clean, regulated supply for correct operation may, therefore, be
inconvenient or even impossible to use. A far better option is a
portable power quality meter which is self-powered from the supply
under test.
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Detailed charts
Megger PA9 plus and PA9 wireless allow you to graph and overlay
any or all recorded parameters on a single chart. This feature
dramatically reduces the time for problem analysis and identification.
An important feature allows you to zoom in/zoom out of particular
windows, as well as to copy and paste data directly from the chart
to a third-party spreadsheet, database, or analysis program. The
scan-line feature provides exacting data and timing information at
any particular point in the chart, thus removing all guesswork and
approximation in the investigation. In addition, you can graphically
view vector information and relationships for any demand interval,
as well as modify the look of the chart axis and title information. All
Demand data chart
charts and graphs may be printed directly to your local or network
printer, and copied and pasted to third-party applications.
New advanced Metreport utility
MetReport software offers the unprecedented feature of data
analysis and custom reporting at your fingertips. The downloaded
data files from either PA9Plus or PA9 Wireless can be automatically
analyzed against standard specifications such as EN50160, CBEMA,
SEMI-F47, SARFI or IEEE519 just to name a few. You can also
create your own custom templates to perform data analysis using
the Wizard built into the software. Just answers the questions when
prompted.
Cycle waveform with bar chart
For more sophisticated reporting requirements, our optional
METREPORT software creates tailored reports and customized
reporting templates. This utility directly reads power quality data
files, producing sophisticated reports incorporating company specific
logos, in-depth charts, and applicable text into a Microsoft® Word
compatible document. New charting capabilities have been added
for correlating recorded power quality data to industry manufacturers
tolerance curves such as CBEMA, ITIC, and SEMI-F47. These reports
are ideal for professional presentation to utility customers, power
quality clients, and senior management.
Selective data download and preview capabilities
Flicker trending per IEC61000-4-15 and EN50160
Www.megger.com
Comparison to industry tolerance curves using optional
METREPORT software
87
4
PA9Plus
Portable power analyzer
SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications are at 25 ° C (77 ° F)
Voltage (4 differential input channels)
Voltage range
Auto ranging between 20-300;
300-600 V ac/V dc scales, true RMS
through 63rd harmonic
Voltage accuracy
±0.25% of reading ±0.05% of range
through 63rd harmonic
Crest factor
Voltage
3.5 limited to 1500 V peak (does not
include impulse)
Current
1.4 of full scale at peak input
Current (5 channels)
PA9Plus
Current resolution
0.1% of full scale
Current accuracy
±0.25% of reading ±0.05% of range
through 63rd harmonic, plus the
current probe accuracy
Current channels receive 0 to 1 Volt
RMS from probes
Frequency
n
Designed to comply with all applicable IEC, IEEE and EN Standards
n
n
n
On-site analysis and data retrieval without a computer
graphical display of individual harmonic power
n
n
Includes Metrosoft® software
Power supply
Remote communications and alarm capabilities
Primary input 90-600 V ac, 50/60 Hz, 100-600 V dc. Powered from
channel 1 or auxiliary IEC computer-style power input
Intelligent download - select only the data required
Trends harmonics, THD & TDD and provides real-time Fundamental frequency
50 Hz or 60 Hz
Frequency response
dc to the 63rd harmonic with low
pass anti-aliasing filter
Frequency resolution
0.01 Hz
Frequency accuracy
0.01 Hz at 60 Hz
Phase angle error
±1° referenced to first voltage channel at 60 Hz
Battery (12 V backup battery included)
Description
The PA9Plus is the latest innovation of the successful PA-9
Power Quality Analyzer platform. It incorporates newly
enhanced key features including a faster Digital Signal
Processor (DSP) to support continually evolving capabilities,
a full 12 MB of nonvolatile internal memory and standard
auxiliary power input capabilities.
The optional removable memory capabilities allows internally
recorded data to be copied directly to an external standard
compact flash card using the same technology available with
most of today’s digital cameras. This means that without
a computer on site, data can be manually or automatically
copied from the instrument to external memory cards,
increasing the effective instrument memory storage to the
size of the card used. Similarly, new configuration setups may
be programmed in the same, simple manner.
88
16 hours
Run through time
15 minutes, below 90 V ac/110 V dc
cutoff. If recording, resume recording
on power restoration
Data retention
10 years with nonvolatile, solid-state
flash memory
Environmental
The PA9Plus is CE marked, supports several international
languages, and adheres to applicable European and North
American standards (EN50160, IEC61000-4-15, IEEE1159,
IEEE519), including automatic phase lock loop synchronization
of input frequencies ranging from 20 Hz to 70 Hz, flicker
measurements and recording, and out of limits/frequency
trending.
4
Battery recharge time
Operating temperature
-20 ° to +50 ° C (-4 ° to 122 ° F)
ambient temperature
Humidity
Meets NEMA 4X, rain resistant; 90%
non-condensing, not watertight
Case
NEMA 4X, (IP54), nonconductive,
corrosion resistant, rain resistant, not
submersible
Communications
RS232
3 wire up to 115200 baud rate, DB9
standard
Modem (optional)
Internal modem
External RS232 (optional)c
For serial port access to instrument
data while front lid remains closed
Mechanical data
Dimensions
Portable - 330 x 254 x 152 mm
(13 x 10 x 6 in.)
Weight
5.6 kg (15 lbs)
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
PA9 Wireless
Portable quality analyzer
SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications are at 25 ° C (77 ° F)
Voltage (4 differential input channels)
Voltage range
Three high voltage channels
Autoranging between 20 to 600 V
ac/dc scales and low voltage channel
autoranging between 0.1 to 350 V
ac or V dc, true RMS through the
63rd harmonic
Voltage accuracy
±0.25% of reading ±0.05% of range
through 63rd harmonic
Crest factor
Voltage
Limited to 1500 V peak (not including
impulses) for high voltage channels
Limited to 500 V peak for low
voltage channel
Current
1.4 of full scale at peak input
Current (5 channels)
Current resolution
0.1% of full scale
Current accuracy
±0.25% of reading ±0.5% of range,
plus the current probe accuracy
Current channels receive 0 - to 1 V
RMS from probes
Current channel voltage 0.25% of
reading, ±5 mV
Frequency
Fundamental frequency
20 Hz to 70 Hz autoranging via
phase lock loop
PA9 Wireless
n
Trends voltage, current, imbalance, power, energy, events, flicker (PST/PLT), THD, TDD, individual harmonics, and frequency
n
Real-time, graphical display of harmonic content, power and source direction
n
Wireless modem allows for remote analysis of data, Frequency response
dc to the 63rd harmonic with low
pass anti-aliasing filter
remote data retrieval capabilities and remote unit Frequency resolution
0.01 Hz
configuration
Frequency accuracy
0.01 Hz at 60 Hz
n
Intelligent download—preview and retrieve only the Phase angle error
±1° referenced to first voltage channel at 60 Hz
Power supply
Primary Input 90-600 V ac, 50/60 Hz, 100-600 V dc. Powered from
channel 1 or auxiliary IEC computer-style power input
information of interest
n
Remote communications and alarming capabilities. Poll the unit automatically or have it email you in case of an event
Battery (12 V backup battery included)
Battery recharge time
16 hours
Run through time
If recording, 15 minutes when
instrument power input falls below
min. voltage level
Data retention
10 years with nonvolatile, solid-state
flash memory
Environmental
Operating temperature
-20 °C to +50 °C (-4 °F to 122 °F)
ambient temperature
Humidity
Meets NEMA 4X, rain resistant; 90%
non-condensing, not watertight
Case
NEMA 4X, (IP54), nonconductive,
corrosion resistant, rain resistant, not
submersible
Communications
RS232
3 wire up to 115200 baud rate, DB9
standard
Wireless Raven modem
GPS
Mechanical data
Dimensions
Portable - 330 x 254 x 152 mm
(13 x 10 x 6 in.)
Weight
5.6 kg (15 lbs)
Www.megger.com
Description
The PA9 Wireless is the latest innovation of the successful PA9
Power Quality Analyzer platform. It incorporates enhanced key
features including a wireless modem for remote communication,
a full 12 MB of nonvolatile internal memory and standard
auxiliary power input capabilities as well as an optional
external flash card for added memory.
The PA9 Wireless is CE marked, supports several international languages, and adheres to applicable European and
North American standards (EN50160, IEC61000-4-15, IEEE1159,
IEEE519), including automatic phase lock loop synchronization
of input frequencies ranging from 20 Hz to 70 Hz, flicker
measurements and recording, and out of limits/frequency
trending.
The wireless modem allows the user to configure the unit
remotely, view real-time data via the remote screen, as well as
preview all recorded data without downloading the data. The
user can then choose what data they wish to download.
Disclaimer - The PA9 Wireless unit should be used for data
analysis ONLY and NOT for real time monitoring and/or
control applications.
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4
PA9Plus and PA9 Wireless
Accessories
The PA9Wireless is quick to install
and easy to use. Everything needed
to remotely monitor power and
power quality is included in one
package.
The PA9 Wireless incorporates
both a Raven Cellular Modem
and antenna built into the lid,
providing easy, effective remote
communications.
The unit on end shows the antenna
extension from the lid. Also, when
in this upright position, the PA9
Wireless is rain resistant to IP54.
Many additional new starter kit configurations
have been created to meet customers evolving
power measurement needs
Product
Order Code
Typical starter Kit includes PA9Plus (P9P00021-01000),
English display, kit of four (4) fused voltage cables (CA-PA9-22)
with crocodile clips and neutral jumpers, US auxiliary input
charging cable, external data transfer memory adapter,
external compact flash card, three (3) 600/6000CE current
clamps, SC-PA9 soft sided carrying case,
MEGPA9IEC software, and manual
SK-P9P-US-EN-1
For additional starter kit options (i.e. European versions)
including IEC, CTs and voltage probes, contact your sales representative
4
90
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
ORDERING INFORMATION
Order a PA9Plus or a PA9 Wireless configured to your specific application. To determine the catalog number, fill in the blanks
below with the corresponding number from the detailed information boxes.
Ordering example:
To order a PA9Plus with the removable memory option, flash card with USB reader, English display, and US auxiliary power
cord, request catalog number P9P 0 0 0 2 1 — 0 1 0 0 0
Fill in these blanks with the corresponding letter or number.
P9P 0 0 0 2 1
— 0 1 0 External RS-232 Port
0 = Not Installed
1 = Installed
0 = None
Communications Capabilities
0 = None
1 = Modem
0 = None
Removable Memory Option
0 =None
2 =Flash card with USB reader
Future Firmware Option
1 = Not Yet Available
Future Firmware Option
1 = Not Yet Available
1 = English
4 =Flash card with parallel reader
1 = USA
0
Customer-defined Firmware Text
0 = None
1 = Customized Text Option
Voltage Input Color Coding
0 = Standard
1= Australian
Power Cable
2 = UK
0 0 = None
3 = European
Firmware Language
2 = French
3 = Spanish
Future Firmware Option
1 = Not Yet Available
Note: Megger recommends using the Raven Wireless Modem. Megger does not guarantee unit compatibility with other
brands.
Ordering example:
To order a PA9 Wireless with the Raven Modem and the removable memory option, flash card with USB reader, English
display, and US auxiliary power cord, request catalog number P9W 0 1 0 2 1 — 0 1 0 0 0
Fill in these blanks with the corresponding letter or number.
P9W 0 1 0 2 1
—
0 1 0 Future Option F/W
1 = Not Yet Available
0 = None
Communications Capabilities
0 = Modem Ready
1 = EDGE Modem
2 = IDen Modem
0
0 = None
Recording Option F/W
1 = Not Yet Available
0 = None
Firmware Options F/W
1 = Customized Text Option
0 = None
Advanced F/W Options
1 = Not Yet Available
3 = CDMA Modem C3211 - VD Verizon modem
4 = CDMA Modem C3211 - AD Alltel modem
0 5 = CDMA Modem C3216 - SA Spring modem
6 = CDMA Modem C3211 - TLS Telus modem
Voltage Input Color Coding
0 = Standard
1= Australian
Removable Flash Module
1 = English
0 = None
F/W Language
2 = French
3 = Spanish
Future F/W Option
1 = Not Yet Available
0 =None
2 =Flash card with USB reader
4 =Flash card with parallel reader
1 = USA
Power Cable
2 = UK
Www.megger.com
3 = European
91
4
MDP Series
Distribution profiler
SPECIFICATIONS
All specifications at 25 ºC unless otherwise specified
Conductor size
.5 cm to 3.0 cm (0.2 in. to 1.2 in.)
cable outside diameter
Current range
10 to 1000 A : 1% ±2 A
Conductor voltage
4 kV to 35 kV
Data retention
10 years with no power
Real time clock accuracy
0.005% over one year
Enviromental
Operating temperature
-40 ºC to +60 ºC (-40 ºF to +140 ºF)
Storage temperature
-50 ºC to +85 ºC (-58 ºF to 185 ºF)
Operating humidity
0 to 90% noncondensing
Storage humidity
0 to 95% noncondensing
Safety
IEC 61010
MDP series
nChoice of three models that record currents up to 1000 EMF
IEC 61326:2002
Storage temperature
-25 ºC to 65 ºC
Ingress protection
IP54
Power supply
amps, with an additional 200 amp over-range
n
Waveform capture and harmonic analysis up to the 32nd order
n
n
n
Power and power factor
urethane case
4 commercial “AA” batteries. For
extended temperature applications
(below 0º and above +40 ºC) Lithium
high range “AA” batteries are
recommended
Battery
Mechanical data
Accurate data capture via advanced MDP software
Lightweight, durable unit housed in a weatherable Dimensions
30 x 13 x 8 cm (12 H x 5 L x 3 W in.)
Weight
2.1 kg (4.6 lbs)
nSturdy battery compartment with easy plug-in access for quick data retrieval
Description
The MDP series of distribution profilers provides power
MDP3 (advanced)
utilities with the most accurate and extensive information
Records:
ever to precisely evaluate loading on feeders/overhead lines
n
Actual current RMS magnitude up to 1000 amps, with an and to identify needed upgrades or replacement. Three
additional 200 amp over-range
different models range from a simple “current-only” version
n
Current and relative voltage waveforms
to the most advanced unit that offers a number of user-
n
Power factor and power
requested features. Each MDP can be easily upgraded to the
n
Harmonics
next model at any time.
n
THD (Total Harmonic Distortion)
MDP1 (basic)
System planners, distribution engineers and troubleshooters
n
Records actual current RMS magnitude up to 1000
can easily access, review and record (via a date and time
amps, with an additional 200 amp over-range
stamp) the following:
n
Peak load value/time growth studies
MDP2 (mid range)
n
Phase/load imbalance surveys
Records:
n
Time/day fluctuation analysis
n
Capacitor bank placement analysis
n
Actual current RMS magnitude up to 1000 amps, with an additional 200 amp over-range
n
Power factor and power
4
92
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
MDP Series
Distribution profiler
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
Product
Order Code
“AA” battery (4 required)
Single channel 1000 Amp distribution profiler
CE approved; isolated, single channel recording
profiler for distribution line primary up to
35 kV ac. Hot-stick mountable. Unit records time
stamped values of current magnitude with 1 amp
resolution for days, weeks or months depending
upon data storage interval. True RMS through the
50th harmonic.
MDP1
Single channel 1000 Amp distribution profiler
CE marked; in addition to the same features
as the MDP1, this unit also records power and
power factor
MDP2
Single channel 1000 Amp distribution profiler
CE marked; in addition to the same features
as the MDP2, this unit also records current and
relative voltage waveforms, THD data as well
as harmonic data through the 32nd harmonic
MDP3
Note: An RS-232 computer interface cable or USB
cable and AC adapter are required for individual
units.
Metrosoft software for Windows 32-bit
applications software for IBM and compatible
computers. Programs unit, provides data
retrieval, generates graphs, reports and data
files, compatible with Excel software, and saves
recorder setup files. Compatible with Windows NT,
WIN2000 and XP
Instruction manual
23415
36175-1
AVTMMDP
Starter Kits
Consists of 3 MDP1 Profilers, (1) AC adapter,
(1) nylon carrying case, Phase ID label kit,
(1) RS-232/com port cable, (1) USB 2.0 A-B cable,
(12) “AA” batteries, Metrosoft software,
(1) instruction manual
SK-MDP1
Same as SK-MDP1 except includes
3 MDP2 Profilers instead of MDP1 Profilers
SK-MDP2
Same as SK-MDP1 except includes 3
MDP3 Profilers instead of MDP1 Profilers
SK-MDP3
Included accessories
Battery holder
RS-232/com port cable
36164
CA-RS232
Nylon carrying case for up to
three Profilers and accessories
36133
Phase ID label kit; includes 2 sets of 3 labels,
Alpha A, B & C / Numeric 1, 2 & 3
35863
USB 2.0 A-B cable
Www.megger.com
CA-USB
93
4
MR-4
Meter adapter recorders
SPECIFICATIONS
Input channels
L1-N/L2-N (L1-L2 computed)
2 voltage, 2 current L1 & L2 (neutral
current computed)
Range
Voltage
50-150 V RMS line to neutral; 250 V
peak line to neutral
Current
5-200 A RMS/Phase; 350 A
Peak
200 A max. continuous without
damage
Sample rate
256 samples/cycle per channel (DSP Based)
Statistics stored: min/True rms/max for voltage and current per storage
interval with cycle resolution, 65 microsec event detection, flicker event
detection.
Accuracy and resolution
Voltage accuracy
±0.35% of reading
Voltage resolution
0.1 V AC
Current accuracy (MR-4 only)
0.1 Amp
Real time clock
0.01%
MR-4
Software
nRecords voltage and current at the meter
nIdeal for split-phase residential and light commercial Graphs
Voltage/current with zooming etc.
Reports
Tabular, event (swell, sag, flicker)
regulation table and histogram
Metrosoft® 32-bit software for Windows
investigations
n Detects sags, swells, flicker, loose neutrals and harmonics
nInstalls quickly and safely
Power
Battery backup
Sealed lead acid battery
Run-through time
2 minute below 180 V cutoff.
Resume recording on power
restoration
Data retention
14 days with fully charged battery.
Battery charges from L1-L2 voltage
their way into homes and offices. The MR-4 Meter Adapter
Min. charging voltage
180 V AC
Recorders provide a powerful tool to track down these
Display
problems. They are ideal for split-phase residential and light
4 digit, 7 segment LED display inside meter adapter. Display continuously
scrolls through VL1, VL2, countdown time
Description
With more and more equipment and appliances emerging
with sensitive electronics, power quality problems have found
commercial power quality monitoring.
Recording
The MR-4 simultaneously records the two line currents in
addition to the two line voltages, as well as computes the line
Manual (slide switch inside meter adapter), scheduled run, voltage present,
current present, auto-stop, delayed start
to line voltage and neutral current. They are digital recorders
Environmental
totally contained in a standard universal ring or ringless type
Operating temperature
-30 ºC to +65 ºC (-22 ºF to +149 ºF)
meter adapter.
Ingress protection
Weathertight when meter is
reinstalled and sealed
The MR-4 records voltage and current at the meter. It is
installed quickly and safely. There are no external boxes or
connections, and no customer panel boxes left open.
4
94
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
MR-4
Meter adapter recorders
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Four channel recorder (2 voltage/2 current)
for split phase service (120/240 V). DSP and
flash PROM based. This recorder is totally selfcontained within a universal ring/ringless meter
adapter for forms 2S, 12S, 25S. Samples at 256
samples/cycle, has integral internal display and
external indicating LEDs to indicate recording
status, suspected loose neutral, flicker event and
surge/sag event. Also, calculates L1-L2 voltage
and neutral current. Captures 65 microsecond
voltage and current events. Isolated RS-232 port
facilitates viewing real time data and retrieving
data without removing recorder. Standard 128 KB
memory stores 33,000 readings. Includes software
for Windows 95/98/NT/2000, neutral blade, neutral
clip lead and manual
Order Code
Product
SPECIFICATIONS
NJ-MR
Neutral clip lead
NL-MR
Starter kits
MR-4
Includes MR-4 meter adapter recorder, MM-MR-1
memory expansion and CC-MR nylon carrying case
SK-MR-4-01
Same as SK-MR-4-01 plus DC-MR charger cable for
car cigarette lighter and PS-MR external power
supply
SK-MR-4-02
Same as SK-MR-4-02 plus CA-MR optically isolated
RS232 cable
SK-MR-4-03
Same as SK-MR-4-03 plus MM-PQ power quality
option and MM-PF power flow option
SK-MR-4-04
Product kits
Metrosoft software for Windows 32-bit Windows
applications software for IBM and compatible
computers. Programs unit, provides data
retrieval, generates graphs, reports and data files,
compatible with:
Includes (6) MR-4 meter adapter recorders, (6)
MM-MR-1 memory expansion modules, (6) DC-MR
charger cables, (3) PS-MR external power supplies,
(1) CA-MR- RS232 computer interface cable and (6)
CC-MR nylon carrying case
Memory module - 1 MB memory upgrade
35173-1
MM-MR-1
Computer interface cable - RS232 isolated (only 1
per computer required)
CA-MR
Power quality option - captures waveforms based
on time/event trigger. Requires MM-MR-1
MM-PQ
Power flow option - records Watts, Vars, VA,
power factor and other key power parameters.
Available for MR-4 only
MM-PF
External power supply- charges MR-4 from 120 V
PS-MR
Nylon carrying case, soft-sided
CC-MR
Charger cable with plug for car cigarette lighter
DC-MR
Www.megger.com
EF-MR
Neutral blade
Options and accessories
Lotus 1-2-3 and Excel software, and saves recorder
setup files. Compatible with Windows NT and
Windows 95, 98, Me, WIN2000
Order Code
Fuse kit
Includes (12) MR-4 meter adapter recorders,
(12) MM-MR-1 memory expansion modules, (12)
DC-MR charger cables, (6) PS-MR external power
supplies, (1) CA-MR RS232 computer interface
cable and (6) CC-MR nylon carrying case
PK-MR4-6
PK-MR4-12
95
4
SLM-8
8 Channel recording volt-ammeter
SPECIFICATIONS
Number of channels
4 voltage, 4 current
Frequency
60 Hz
Sample rate (per channel)
1 sample per cycle
Recording response time
Rising inputs: to 86% of final value in one cycle (16.7 msec);
to rated accuracy in three cycles (50 msec) max.
Failing inputs: to 63% of final value in one cycle (16.7 msec);
to rated accuracy in six cycles (100 msec) max.
SLM-8
n
n
n
n
n
3-phase voltage, current and flicker recorder
Records for days, weeks or months
Removable PCMCIA memory card option
Creates detailed charts and reports
Rugged and weatherproof design
Description
Voltage input ranges
10 to 150 V, 30 to 300 V or 600 V,
720 V max.
Current input ranges
10, 100, 1000, 3000 A clamps,
600 V rated
Resolution
0.1 V on voltage channels; 0.1 A on
current channels
Maximum crest factor
3.5 to 1 (limited to 1500 V peak)
Memory
120 KB (60,000 readings); expandable to 1 MB internal memory (512,000
readings) or up to 2 MB (1,000,000 readings) with removable memory card
option
Real clock time
0.01% accuracy
Storage interval
Programmable from one cycle to 12
hours
Voltage accuracy
volt-ammeter used for measuring and recording the
True RMS ±1.0% F.S. through 50th harmonic
150 V FS unit: ±0.3% of reading ±0.1 V full scale
300 V FS unit: ±0.3% of reading ±0.2 V full scale
600 V FS unit: ±0.3% of reading ±0.4 V full scale
true RMS values of up to four voltage channels and four
Current accuracy
current channels. It is the ideal investigative tool for utility
Display
troubleshooters, service investigation groups, meter shop
4 line x 20 character backlit LCD. Three separate LEDs on face panel indicate
recording, out-of-limit and loose neutral occurrences
The SLM-8 is a low cost, 8-channel paperless recording
technicians, and facility managers to identify and document
the presence of three-phase and single-phase voltage
complaints utilizing associated load current information to
locate the source of the problem.
True RMS, minimum RMS, maximum RMS, and flicker
information may be recorded. High-speed sampling indicates
events as fast as one cycle the 4 line x 20 character display is
backlit for easy viewing and an LED indicates when the unit
is recording. The unit comes complete with a comprehensive
graph/reporting package.
The loose neutral indication feature of the SLM-8 is for use
on 3-wire split phase systems utilizing V1 and V2 in the
calculations for loose neutral diagnosis. If a loose neutral
problem is determined, a front-panel LED labeled “Loose
Neutral” lights up and remains lit until cleared. Using ms-sl
Metrosoft, the loose neutral analysis criteria can be changed
Recording
Manual (slide switch inside meter adapter), Scheduled run, voltage present,
current present, auto-stop, delayed start
Battery
Type
Internal lead acid, 6 V, 0.5 Ah,
one hour minimum ride-through
recording time on backup battery
Data retention
130 days after low battery condition
Charging time
5 hours at 100 V ac input
Minimum voltage for charging and self-powering
90 V ac on channel V1
Environmental
Operating temperature
-30 ºC to +65 ºC (-22 ºF to +149 ºF)
Case
NEMA 4X nonconductive corrosion
resistant weatherproof case
Mechanical data
Dimensions
29.2 x 31.1 x 13.3 cm
(11.5 x 12.3 x 5.3 in.)
Weight
8 kg (17.5 lbs)
as required.
4
96
±0.3% of reading ±0.2 of full scale
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
SLM-8
8 Channel recording volt-ammeter
Ordering Information
Order a SLM-8 configured to your specific application. To determine the catalog number, fill in the blanks below with the
corresponding number from the detailed information boxes.
Ordering Example:
To order SLM-8 base unit with cover, 60 Hz
frequency, and 1 MB internal memory, request
catalog number: SLM-8-0000-002.
SLM-8-
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
Fill in these blanks with the corresponding number or letter.
SLM-8-
X
X
X
X
X
X
Memory
PCMCIA Card Adapter
0 = None
X
1 = Yes
Future Option
0 = Not yet available 1 = Not yet available
Future Option
0 = Not yet available 1 = Not yet available
0 = 120 KB memory (60,000 readings)
1 = 500 KB memory (225,000 readings)
2 = 1 MB memory (500,000 readings)
Frequency
0 = 60 Hz only
Future Option
Cover
0 = Not yet available 1 = Not yet available
0 = Standard
Product
1 = 50 Hz only
Order Code
Options and accessories
Starter Kits
Includes SLM-8, mm-sl-500 KB memory expansion to 500 KBytes, CA-232-01 RS-232 cable,
(3) cp-1000WCE current clamps with (3) CA-PA9-7 CT adapter cables and SC-PA9 soft-sided carry case.
Includes software for Windows 95/98/NT/2000
SK-SLM-8-01
Includes SLM-8, mm-sl-500 KB memory expansion to 500 KBytes, CA-232-01 RS-232 cable,
(3) cp-1000WCE current clamps, (3) cp-20CE current clamps, (6) CA-PA9-7 CT adapter cables and
SC-PA9 soft-sided carry case. Includes software for Windows 95/98/NT/2000
SK-SLM-8-02
Integral PCMCIA card adapter for Type 1/SRAM cards.
Maximum internal memory allowed with this option is base 120 KB
MA-SL
Memory options
PCMCIA card; 1 MB (512,000 readings)
PCMCIA card; 2 MB (1,000,000 readings)
500 KB (225,000 readings)
1 MB (500,000 readings)
MCI-1MB
MCI-2MB
MM-SL-500KB
MM-SL-1MB
RS-232 computer interface cable
CA-232-01
Current input extender cable, 15 ft
CA-RA15E
Charging cable
CA-RVA4
Calibration kit
CK-RVA4
Fuse kit
EF-SL
Hardware restart shorting plug
HR-371
Soft-side nylon storage case
SC-PA9
Metrosoft for Windows software: 32-bit application software for IBM and compatible computers.
Programs recorder; provides data retrieval; generates charts, reports and data files; compatible
with spreadsheet software; saves recorder setup files.
Compatible with windows 95/98/NTV4.0+/2000/ME. Includes manual.
35173-1
Www.megger.com
97
4
Current transformer
Power quality accessories
Current transformers
n
n
n
Used with the PA-9Plus and other data recorders
True RMS, minimum RMS, maximum RMS, and flicker
Available in a flexible or clamp-on option
information may be recorded. High-speed sampling indicates
measurement needs
n
Special rain tight CT allows for functionality in outside environments
n
Easy to use and install
A number of lengths and sizes for all power Description
events as fast as one cycle. The 4 line x 20 character display is
backlit for easy viewing and an LED indicates when the unit
is recording. The unit comes complete with a comprehensive
graph/reporting package.
The loose neutral indication feature of the SLM-8 is for use
on 3-wire split phase systems utilizing V1 and V2 in the
calculations for loose neutral diagnosis. If a loose neutral
The SLM-8 is a low cost, 8-channel paperless recording
problem is determined, a front-panel LED labeled “Loose
volt-ammeter used for measuring and recording the
Neutral” lights up and remains lit until cleared. Using
true RMS values of up to four voltage channels and four
Metrosoft, the loose neutral analysis criteria can be changed
current channels. It is the ideal investigative tool for utility
as required.
troubleshooters, service investigation groups, meter shop
technicians, and facility managers to identify and document
the presence of three-phase and single-phase voltage
complaints utilizing associated load current information to
locate the source of the problem.
4
98
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
Specifications and ordering
information
Cat. No.
Current
range
Measurement
range
Frequency range
Max. working
voltage
Accuracy
Phase shift
CP-600DC
600 A
1 to 400 A ac
dc to 10 kHz
600 V rms
1.5% of rdg 10 to 200 A: <2.5º
(600 A peak)
@ -3 dB
±1 A (1 to 100 A)
200 to 400 A: <2º
1 to 600 A dc
2% of rdg (100 to 400 A)
45 to 65 Hz
2.5% of rdg
(400 to 600 A dc only)
CP-600/6000CE 600/6000 A, 20 to 6000 A
40 Hz to 20 kHz
600 V rms
1% of rdg
<0.7º @ 50 Hz
switchable
±200 mA
CP-600/6000RT 600/6000 A, 20 to 6000 A
40 Hz to 5 kHz
600 V rms
1% of rdg
<0.7º @ 50 Hz
switchable
±200 mA
CP-6000B7
600/6000 A, 20 to 6000 A
40 Hz to 5 kHz
1000 V rms
1% of rdg
<1º @ 50 to 60 Hz
switchable
±200 mA
CP-100/1000CE 100/1000 A, 10 to 1000 A
40 Hz to 20 kHz
600 V rms
1% of rdg 0.7º @ 50 to 60 Hz
switchable
±200 mA
CP-100/1000RT 100/1000 A, 10 to 1000 A
40 Hz to 5 kHz
1000 V rms
1% of rdg 0.7º @ 50 to 60 Hz
switchable
±200 mA
Accuracy @ .1 to 10 A
0.01 to 10 A
< 3% of rdg ±0.1A, not specified,
Accuracy @ 10 to 100 A 10 A <3º, 50 A <1.5º,
CP-1000WCE
1000 A
10 to 1000 A
30 Hz to 5 kHz
600 V rms
<0.75% of rdg ±0.25 A
200 A <0.75º,
Accuracy @ 100 to 1200 A
1000 A <0.5º
<0.5% of rdg ±0.5A
Accuracy @ 0.1 to 1 A 0.01 to 1 A
<2% of rdg ±0.2 A,
not specified,
CP-100CE
100 A
1 to 100 A
40 Hz to 10 kHz
600 V rms
Accuracy @ 10 to 80 A
1 to 20 A <3º,
<1% of rdg ±0.2A,
20 to 100 A <2º
Accuracy @ 80 to 150 A
<1.5% of rdg ±0.2 A
CP-300/3000CE 300/3000 A, 10 to 3000 A
40 Hz to 20 kHz
1000 V rms
1% of rdg ±200 mA <0.7º @ 50 to 60 Hz
switchable
CP-300/3000RT 300/3000 A, 10 to 3000 A
40 Hz to 5 kHz
1000 V rms
1% of rdg ±200 mA <0.7º @ 50 to 60 Hz
switchable
CP-20CE
20 A
0.1 to 20 A
40 Hz to 10 kHz
600 V rms
Accuracy @ 0.1 to 1 A
0.1 to 1 A <5º,
<2.5% of rdg, 1 to 20 A <3º
Accuracy @ 1 to 20 A
<1% of rdg
CP-5CE
5 A
0.1 to 10 A
40 Hz to 3 kHz
600 V rms
1% of rdg ±5 mV
1 to 5 A 1º, 5 to 10 A 1.5º
Current probe
CP-600/6000CE
CP-300/3000CE
CP-100/1000CE
Current camps
CP-5CE
CP-20CE
CP-100CE
Www.megger.com
Current clamp
CP1000WCE
Rain tight current probe
CP-600/6000RT
CP-300/3000RT
CP-100/1000RT
CP-6000B7
99
4
Specifications and ordering
information
Cat. No.
Output
Crest factor
Rain Battery
Inside Adapter requirements
signal
(Mid-range) tight
powered
Style Length dia, max (No adapter needed with PA-9 or PA-9Plus)
CP-600DC
1 mV/A
ac: 3.3
9 V alkaline
Clamp
9 ft
2 in.
dc: 2.5
(approx. 80 hrs)
cable
CP-600/6000CE 1 mV/A,
4.5
N/A
Flexible 36 in.
12 in.
0.1 mV/A
coil
n
CP-600/6000RT 1 mV/A,
4.5
N/A
Flexible 36 in.
12 in.
0.1 mV/A
coil
n
9 V
Flexible 36 in.
12 in. CP-6000B7
1 mV/A,
10
0.1 mV/A
(2000 hrs. min.)
coil
CP-100/1000CE 10 mV/A,
9
N/A
Flexible 36 in.
12 in.
1 mV/A
coil
n
CP-100/1000RT 10 mV/A,
9
N/A
Flexible 36 in.
12 in.
1 mV/A
coil
CP-1000WCE
1 mV/A
9
N/A
Clamp
9 ft
2 in.
cable
CP-100CE
10 mV/A
3
N/A
Clamp
9 ft
.78 in.
cable
CP-300/3000CE 10 mV/A,
3
N/A
Flexible 36 in.
12 in.
1 mV/A
coil
n
N/A
Flexible 36 in.
12 in.
CP-300/3000RT 10 mV/A,
3
1 mV/A
coil
CP-20CE
50 mV/A
3
N/A
Clamp
9 ft
.78 in.
cable
CP-5CE
200 mV/A
3
N/A
Clamp
9 ft
12 in.
cable
CA-PA9-7 to use probes with
PA7, SLM-8, RVA4, RA recorders
CA-PA9FCP-7 to use up to 4 probes with PA7, SLM-8,
RVA4, RA recorders
CA-PA9FCP-7 to use up
to 4 probes with PA7, SLM-8,
RVA4, RA recorders
CA-PA9-7 to use probes with PA7, SLM-8, RVA4, RA recorders
CA-PA9FCP-7 to use up
to 4 probes with PA7, SLM-8,
RVA4, RA recorders
CA-PA9FCP-7 to use up to 4 probes with PA7, SLM--8,
RVA4, RA recorders
CA-PA9-7 to use probes with
PA7, SLM-8, RVA4, RA recorders
CA-PA9-7 to use probes with
SLM-8, RVA4, RA recorders
CA-PA9FCP-7 to use up to 4 probes with PA7, SLM-8,
RVA4, RA recorders
CA-PA9FCP-7 to use up to 4 probes with PA7, SLM-8,
RVA4, RA recorders
CA-PA9-7 to use probes with
PA7, SLM-8, RVA4, RA recorders
CA-PA9-7 to use probes with
PA7, SLM-8, RVA4, RA recorders
Adapter C/N CA-PA9-7, shown, is used with a probe with the
PA7, SLM-8, RVA4 and RA recorders. Used with the following
CTs:
Adapter C/N CA-PA9FCP-7, shown, is used with up to four probes with
the PA7, SLM-8, RVA4 and RA recorders. Used with the following CTs:
CP-600/6000CE
CP-300/3000CE
CP-100/1000CE
CP-600/6000RT
CP-300/3000RT
CP-100/1000RT
CP-6000B7
CP-600DC
CP-5CE
CP-20CE
CP-1000CE
CP-1000WCE
Current clamp
CP-600DC
4
100
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
Www.megger.com
101
4
Battery
Test
Battery testing is crucial to ensure a battery system provides standby and emergency
power to operate devices such as lighting, UPS systems, operating controls, switchgear
components, protective relays and continuous process systems. Failure of a battery system
within environments such as utilities, hospitals and manufacturing plants can result in
operational failure of the devices connected to it.
With both capacity and impedance testers available, Megger can provide a battery tester
tuned to your specific need.
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Selection guide.......................................................................................... 103
Technical information................................................................................. 104
Torkel820 battery load unit..................................................................... 107
Torkel840/860 battery load unit.............................................................. 110
BGFT battery ground fault locator.............................................................. 114
BITE2 and BITE2P battery impedance tester................................................ 115
BITE3 battery impedance tester.................................................................. 117
ProActive battery database management software..................................... 119
BITE optional accessories............................................................................ 120
Optional accessories................................................................................... 122
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SELECTION GUIDE
Capacity tester
TORKEL
820
TORKEL
840
TORKEL
860
n
n
n
BGFT
Impedance
tester
BITE2
BITE2P
BITE3
n
n
n
Software
n
DC ground
fault tracer
Tests most cell
types
PowerDB
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Tests cell
impedance
n
Internal ohmic
test
n
Cell voltage
test
n
Float current
test
n
Intercell
connection
resistance test
n
Ripple current
n
Online test
ProActive Torkel Win
n
Www.megger.com
n
n
n
n
n
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Battery testing
Why Batteries Are Needed
The following discussion about failure modes focuses on the
mechanisms and types of failure and why impedance works so well
at finding weak cells. Below is a section containing a more detailed
discussion about testing methods and their pros and cons.
Batteries are used to ensure that critical electrical equipment is
always on. There are so many places that batteries are used it is
impossible to list them all. Some of the applications for batteries
include:
Why batteries fail
n Electric
generating stations and substations for protection and control of switches and relays
Telephone systems to support phone service, especially emergency services
n
Industrial applications for protection and control
n
Back up of computers, especially financial data and information
n
“Less critical” business information systems
n
In order for us to understand why batteries fail, a little bit of
chemistry is needed. There are two main battery chemistries used
today — lead-acid and nickel-cadmium. Other chemistries are
coming, like lithium, which is prevalent in portable battery systems,
but not stationary systems yet.
Volta invented the primary (non-rechargeable) battery in 1800.
Planté invented the lead-acid battery in 1859 and in 1881 Faure
first pasted lead-acid plates. With refinements over the decades,
it has become a critically important back-up power source. The
refinements include improved alloys, grid designs, jar and cover
materials and improved jar-to-cover and post seals. Arguably, the
most revolutionary development was valve-regulation. Many similar
improvements in nickel-cadmium chemistry have been developed
over the years.
Without battery back-up hospitals would have to close their doors
until power is restored. But even so, there are patients on life
support systems that require absolute 100% electric power. For
those patients, failure is not an option.
The many blackouts of recent years around the world show how
critical electrical systems have become to sustain our basic needs.
Batteries are used extensively and without them many of the
services that we take for granted would fail and cause innumerable
problems.
Why test battery systems
There are three main reasons to test battery systems:
n
To insure the supported equipment is adequately backed-up
n
To prevent unexpected failures
n
To forewarn/predict death
And, there are three basic questions that battery users ask:
n
What are the capacity and the condition of the battery now?
n
When will it need to be replaced?
n
What can be done to improve / not reduce its life?
Batteries are complex chemical mechanisms. They have numerous
components from grids, active material, posts, jar and cover,
etc. — any one of which can fail. As with all manufacturing
processes, no matter how well they are made, there is still some
black art to batteries (and all chemical processes).
A battery essentially is two dissimilar metallic materials in an
electrolyte. In fact, you can put two coins made from dissimilar
metals in a citric fruit such as a lemon and have a battery. Obviously,
an industrial battery is more sophisticated than a lemon battery.
Nonetheless, a battery, to work the way it is supposed to work
must be maintained properly. A good battery maintenance program
may prevent, or at least, reduce the costs and damage to critical
equipment due to an ac mains outage.
Even thought there are many applications for batteries, they are
installed for only two reasons:
n
To protect and support critical equipment during an ac outage
n
To protect revenue streams due to the loss of service
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Assault on batteries
Float current
In this electricity-dependent age, batteries are extremely important,
not least as a source of power when mains supplies are unavailable.
For example, in hospital, who would want to be in the middle of
an operation when a power failure occurred and no back-up supply
was available? It is no exaggeration to say that it would be hard for
us to survive without battery back up.
In order to keep a battery charged, there is a balance between the
battery’s self-discharge and the action of the charger. The battery is
always in a state of self-discharge which means that there is always
a difference in EMF between the battery bank and the charger. This
difference allows a small current (the float current) to flow to keep
the battery fully charged.
All batteries use chemical reactions to make electricity, and all
comprise two dissimilar metallic materials in a current-carrying
medium. In lead-acid batteries, the metallic materials are lead and
lead oxide in a sulphuric acid medium. Nickel-cadmium (NiCd)
batteries use nickel and cadmium compounds in a potassium
hydroxide medium.
The passage of the float current through the battery generates
heat. In ordinary flooded lead-acid batteries, this is unlikely to be a
problem, as evaporation of the electrolyte keeps the battery cool.
Nickel metal hydride (NiMH) batteries use the same nickel
compound as NiCd cells, but the cadmium compound is replaced
with a metallic hydride and the liquid electrolyte is replaced with a
paste. NiMH and NiCd cells are virtually identical in performance;
even their voltages are the same. For the purposes of stationary
battery testing, however, this article focuses on lead-acid batteries.
How do we know if lead-acid batteries are good or bad? The
traditional approach of testing only the voltage and specific gravity
doesn’t work - never has and never will! The reasons are explained
later in this article. Nevertheless, it is still possible to evaluate the
performance and condition of a battery by well planned testing.
Battery tests
Some users carry out no battery testing, which is not a good
idea assuming the battery support is needed. Others carry out
comprehensive, time-consuming and expensive exercises involving
virtually every available test. In most cases, this is an equally bad
idea.
However, many modern batteries are of the valve-regulated lead
acid (VRLA) type. These have no surplus electrolyte, nor is their
electrolyte in a free liquid form. Therefore, if the float current in a
VRLA battery increases because of an impending failure or because
of overcharging, the battery temperature increases.
This increase in temperature allows more current to flow, which
further increases the temperature of the battery. The result is
thermal runaway, which may ultimately result in the battery melting.
The interval between the initial increase in float current and the
onset of thermal runaway is typically between one and four months.
For this reason, regular measurement of float current in VRLA
batteries is essential.
Ripple current
Chargers convert AC from the mains supply into the DC needed to
charge the battery. This conversion process is not perfect, however,
and in all practical charges, residual AC appears at the charger
output. This is the ripple current and it can, if necessary, be reduced
by the use of filters.
Routinely available battery tests involve measuring float voltage,
specific gravity, float current, ripple current, cell temperature,
ambient temperature, discharge current and time, inter-cell
connection resistance, capacity and impedance. Let us examine
these in more detail.
Ripple current generally increases slowly over time as the electronic
components in the charger degrade. If, however, a rectifier diode
fails in the charger, the ripple current can double instantly. An
increase in ripple current above about 5 A RMS for every 100 Ah of
battery capacity (5%) leads to increased temperature and shortened
battery life. Ripple current is, therefore, another parameter that
should be measured regularly.
Float voltage
Temperature
Measuring float voltage (the voltage at the battery’s terminals while
it is on charge) can be misleading. Float voltage is undoubtedly
important and, if it is abnormal, there is a need for further
investigation. If it is normal, however, it indicates nothing at all
about the battery’s condition, although it does probably confirm
that the charger is functioning properly!
High temperatures do not spell immediate doom for batteries, but
they can lead to premature failure. For every increase of 10 °C,
battery life is halved. This then means that a 20 year battery
maintained at 30 °C instead of the specified 20 °C will only last
about ten years. This can be a significant consideration where banks
of batteries in, for instance, a large UPS system are concerned.
Specific gravity
Discharge current and time
Similar comments apply to measuring the specific gravity of the
electrolyte. Sulphate is part of the electrochemical reaction. If the
battery is discharged, some of the sulphate migrates to the plates
and the electrolyte’s specific gravity falls. If the battery is fully
charged, all of the sulphate is in the electrolyte and the specific
gravity is normal.
Discharge current and time measurements are being used more
frequently in on-line monitors as an aid to determining the
amounts of energy removed from and fed into a battery. These
measurements, at least in theory, allow the battery capacity to be
calculated.
There are no studies which indicate any correlation between
specific gravity and battery capacity. In fact, the American IEEE 450
standard has de-emphasised specific gravity measurements to the
point where it now only requires that 10% of the batteries should
have their specific gravity checked each quarter, with the full bank
checked annually.
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Inter-cell connection resistance
Measurement of inter-cell connection resistance is an essential test,
as it has been said that more than 50% of battery bank failures
are due to loose inter-cell connectors. Inter-cell connections loosen
due to the heating and cooling cycles caused by discharging and
recharging. The cell terminal posts expand and contract and, as the
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lead from which they are made is very malleable, they cold flow
with each cycle.
and trend the data, rather than relying on traditional paper forms
and laborious manual comparisons.
With the aid of a low-resistance ohmmeter, measuring inter-cell
resistance is a straightforward test that can be done either on its
own, or in conjunction with other tests.
A specialised database that stores all measured parameters is almost
as important as the tests themselves in determining the condition
of batteries and banks. For example, limits can be set on measured
and calculated parameters. If these limits are chosen to reflect the
user’s required level of confidence in battery reliability, they can be a
significant aid in getting the most from the battery and maximising
its service life.
Capacity
Capacity tests, also known as load tests, have long been seen as
a necessary evil. Capacity testing with modern TORKEL discharge
battery testers is much more efficient and effective than they
once were, but they are still time-consuming. They may also have
limited predictive value, depending upon how frequently they are
performed.
Conclusion
Batteries have many failure modes, but with careful use and
regular testing, the probability of in-service failures can be reduced
dramatically. Proper testing and data analysis can help determine
when a battery should be replaced, as well as reducing the need for
unplanned battery replacements, thereby aiding budgetary planning
and cutting overall costs.
Let us consider a battery bank that is designed to provide eight
hours of back up time. A proper capacity test requires a second
battery to take over the duty of the battery under test if a supply
failure occurs while the test is in progress. A resistive load bank is
also needed, which is connected to the battery bank under test,
along with voltage leads for each battery in the bank. It is quite
usual for this preparatory work to take around a day.
Finally, a well-implemented battery testing regime is a major step
toward achieving the primary goal of every battery installation – that
of providing dependable standby power whenever it is needed.
On the second day, everything is ready for the eight-hour discharge
test. Frequently, however, this is preceded by measurement of the
inter-cell connection resistance. There are two schools of thought
about this. The first is that the resistances measured will not be true
as-found values. The second is that the resistance test is a useful
aid to ensuring that no major malfunctions occur which could have
been avoided. The arguments are finely balanced, leaving the final
decision to individual battery users.
Ask for a copy of our Battery testing guide.
With the battery fully discharged on the second day of testing, the
third day is occupied by recharging, and the removal of the test
leads. Even with this modestly sized battery, therefore, the test has
taken three days, and has involved the use of an expensive loadbank
and alternate battery. That having been said, it cannot be denied
that a properly conducted capacity test is the only guaranteed way
of accurately determining the capacity of a battery bank and some
TORKEL battery testers will allow you to test the batteries while they
are still in service.
Impedance
Impedance testing is a measure of the capability of a cell to deliver
current. Impedance correlates with capacity and, although this
correlation is not 100%, impedance testing is an excellent way of
finding weak batteries in a bank.
In impedance testing, an AC voltage is applied to the battery and
the resulting current flow is measured. With knowledge of this
current and the applied AC voltage, Ohm’s law can be used to
calculate the battery impedance. Research has shown impedance to
be inversely proportional to battery capacity.
This test is fast (typically taking around 30 minutes for a sub-station
battery bank) and is non-invasive. It is, therefore, an invaluable
alternative to capacity testing, provided that it is clearly understood
to be an indirect measurement of capacity which can never offer
the same degree of accuracy and certainty as is achieved with a
conventional capacity test.
Data Analysis
Whatever testing regime is adopted, the result is sure to be a lot of
data which, unless it is properly handled, is likely to lead to analysis
paralysis. The recommended approach is to use a database to store
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Torkel820
Battery load unit
SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications TORKEL820
Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to change without
notice.
Environment
Application field
Temperature
Operating
Storage &
transport
Humidity
The instrument is intended for use in highvoltage substations and industrial environments.
0 °C to +40 °C (32 °F to +104 °F)
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to +158 °F)
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
CE-marking
LVD
EMC
2006/95/EC
2004/108/EC
General
Mains voltage
Power consumption
Protection
Dimensions
Instrument
Transport case
Weight
Display
Available languages
100 – 240 V AC, 50 / 60 Hz
150 W (max)
Thermal cut-outs, automatic overload
protection
210 x 353 x 700 mm
(8.3” x 13.9” x 27.6”)
265 x 460 x 750 mm
(10.4” x 18.1” x 29.5”)
22.3 kg (49.2 lbs)
40.4 kg (89.1 lbs) with accessories and
transport case
LCD
English, French, German, Spanish, Swedish
Measurement section
Current measurement
Display range
Basic inaccuracy
Resolution
0.0 – 2999 A
±(0.5% of reading +0.2 A)
0.1 A
Torkel820
n
n
n
n
Lightweight
Expandable system
Rugged and reliable for field use
Test without disconnecting the battery from the
equipment it serves
Description
During a power outage, crucial telecommunication and radio
equipment must be kept operating by batteries. However, the
capacity of such batteries can drop significantly for a number
of reasons before their calculated life expectancy is reached.
Internal current measurement
Battery capacity should thus be checked to prevent expensive
Range
downtime in the event of a power failure.
0 – 270 A
Input for clamp-on ammeter
Range
mV/A-ratio
Input impedance
0–1V
Software settable, 0.3 to 19.9 mV/A
>1 MΩ
The most reliable way to determine battery capacity is to
conduct a discharge test. The TORKEL820 features a unique
design that combines efficiency with portability. Using
Voltage measurement
TORKEL820 you can discharge 24 and 48 V batteries at a
Display range 0.0 – 60 V
Basic inaccuracy
±(0.5% of reading +0.1 V)
Resolution
0.1 V
current of 270 A, and 12 V batteries at 135 A. Moreover, two
or more TORKEL820 units and/or extra load units, TXL, can
Time measurement
proceeds at constant current, constant power or constant
Basic inaccuracy
±0.1% of reading ±1 digit
be linked together if you need higher current. Discharging
resistance, or in accordance with a pre-selected load profile.
The TORKEL820 issues a warning and/or shuts down the test
automatically when a) the voltage has dropped to a certain
level, b) discharging has continued through a certain time
interval or c) a certain amount of capacity has been dissipated.
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Torkel820
Battery load unit
Load section
Battery voltage
Max. current
Max. power
Load patterns
Current setting
Power setting
Resistance setting
Battery voltage range
Stabilization (For
internal current
measurement)
Battery
voltage
10 – 60 V DC
270 A
15 kW
Constant current, constant power,
constant resistance, current or power profile
0-270.0 A (2999.9 A) 1)
0-15.00 kW (299.99 kW) 
0.1-2999.8 Ω
2 ranges, selected automatically at start of
test
±(0.5% of reading + 0.5 A)
1)
Highest permissible
current
Range 1 10 – 27.6 V 270 A
Range 2 10 – 55.2 V 270 A
Resistor
element
(Nominal
values)
0.069 Ω
0.138 Ω
Discharging capacity, examples
12 V battery (6 cells) 2)
Final voltage
Constant current
Constant power
1.80 V / cell (10.8 V)
1.75 V / cell (10.5 V)
1.67 V / cell (10.0 V)
0 – 121 A
0 – 117 A
0 – 110 A
0 – 1.31 kW
0 – 1.23 kW
0 – 1.10 kW
24 V battery (12 cells) 2)
1.80 V / cell (21.6 V)
1.75 V / cell (21.0 V)
1.60 V / cell (19.2 V)
0 – 270 A
0 – 266 A
0 – 241 A
0 – 5.8 kW
0 – 5.59 kW
0 – 4.63 kW
48 V battery (24 cells) 2)
1.80 V / cell (43.2 V)
1.75 V / cell (42.0 V)
1.60 V / cell (38.4 V)
0 – 270 A
0 – 270 A
0 – 259 A
0 – 11.6 kW
0 – 11.3 kW
0 – 9,9 kW
2) 2.15 V per cell when test starts
1) Maximum value for a system with more than one load unit
Inputs, maximal values
EXTERNAL
CURRENT
MEASUREMENT
EXTERNAL
CURRENT
START / STOP
Delay until start
Stop delay
Battery
VOLTAGE SENSE
SERIAL
ALARM
1 V DC, 300 V DC to ground. Current shunt
should be connected to the negative side of
the battery
Closing / opening contact
Closing and then opening the contact will
start / stop Torkel. It is not possible to keep
the contacts in closed position.
200 – 300 ms
100 – 200 ms
60 V DC, 500 V DC to ground
60 V DC, 500 V DC to ground
15 V
250 V DC 0.28 A
28 V DC 8 A
250 V AC 8 A
Outputs, maximal values
START / STOP
TXL
SERIAL
ALARM
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5 V, 6 mA
Relay contact
<15 V
Relay contact
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Torkel820
Battery load unit
Specifications TXL830 / 850
SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to
change without notice.
Environment
The instrument is intended for use in
high-voltage substations and industrial
environments.
Application field
Temperature
Operating
Storage & transport
Humidity
0 °C to +40 °C (32 °F to +104 °F)
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to +158 °F)
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
CE-marking
LVD
EMC
2006/95/EC
2004/108/EC
General
Mains voltage
Power consumption
Protection
100 – 240 V AC, 50 / 60 Hz
75 W (max)
Thermal cut-outs, automatic overload
protection
Dimensions
Instrument
Transport case
Weight
Cable sets for
TXL830 / 850
210 x 353 x 600 mm
(8.3” x 13.9” x 23.6”)
265 x 460 x 750 mm
(10.4” x 18.1” x 29.5”)
13 kg (28.7 lbs)
21.4 kg (47.2 lbs) with transport case
2 x 3 m (9.8 ft), 70 mm2, 270 A, with
cable lug. Max. 100 V. 5 kg (11 lbs)
Load section
TXL830
TXL850
Max. voltage (DC) 28 V
56 V
Max. current
Max. power
300 A
16.4 kW
300 A
8.3 kW
Internal resistance, 3-position selector
Position 1
TXL830
TXL850
Current
100 A
78.5 A
50.1 A
39.2 A
Position 2
Current
200 A
156 A
Position 3
0.275 Ω
at 27.6 V (12 x 2.3 V)
at 21.6 V (12 x 1.8 V)
–
–
TXL830
0.138 Ω
at 27.6 V
at 21.6 V
TXL830
0.55 Ω
at 55.2 V (24 x 2.3 V)
at 43.2 V (24 x 1.8 V)
–
–
TXL850
0.275 Ω
at 55.2 V (24 x 2.3 V)
43.2 V (24 x 1.8 V)–
TXL850
Current
300 A
235 A
100 A
78.4 A
0.092 Ω
at 27.6 V
at 21.6 V
–
–
0.184 Ω
at 55.2 V (24 x 2.3 V)
43.2 A (24 x 1.8 V)
–
–
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ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
TORKEL820
Complete with:
Cable set GA-00554
Transport case GD-00054
Order Code
BS-49092
Optional accessories
TORKEL Win
PC software
BS-8208X
Extra loads
TXL830
BS-59093
TXL850
BS-59095
Cable sets
Cable set for TXL830 and TXL850
2 x 3 m, 70 mm2, with cable lug. Max 100 V
270 A.
Weight: 5.0 kg (11 lbs)
GA-00554
Sensing lead set
Cable set for measuring voltage at battery
terminals. 2 x 5 m (16.4 ft)
GA-00210
Clamp-on ammeters
DC clamp-on ammeter, 200 A
To measure current in circuit outside TORKEL
XA-12792
DC clamp-on ammeter, 1000 A
To measure current in circuit outside TORKEL
XA-12790
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Torkel840/860
Battery load units
TORKEL860 is used for systems ranging from 12 to 480 V, and
discharging can proceed at up to 110 A. If higher current is
desired, two or more TORKEL860 units or extra load units,
TXL, can be linked together. Discharging can take place at
constant current, constant power, constant resistance or in
accordance with a pre-selected load profile.
Application example
Testing can be carried out without disconnecting the battery
from the equipment it serves. Via a DC clamp-on ammeter,
TORKEL measures total battery current while regulating it at a
constant level.
The TORKEL is connected to the battery, the current and
the voltage alarm level are set. After starting the discharge
TORKEL keeps the current constant at the preset level. When
the voltage drops to a level slightly above the final voltage,
TORKEL issues an alarm. If the voltage drops so low that
there is a risk of deep discharging the battery, TORKEL shuts
down the test. The total voltage curve and the readings taken
at the end of the test are stored in TORKEL. Later, using the
TORKEL Win program, you can transfer these readings to
your computer for storage, printout or export. If your PC is
connected to TORKEL during the test, TORKEL Win builds up
a voltage curve on the screen in real time and displays the
current, voltage and capacity readings. You can also control
the test using TORKEL Win.
Torkel840/860
n
n
Unit adjusts to include load currents in the test parameters
n
User adjustable alarm and shutdown points to avoid excessive discharge
n
Easily expandable for larger battery banks using TXL extra load units
n
View test parameters/results “real time” as testing Batteries can be tested “in service”
progresses using TORKEL WIN software
n
Easily save results to a PC for analysis, report generation and storage
Description
Batteries in power plants and transformer substations must
provide the equipment they serve with standby power in the
event of a power failure. Unfortunately, however, the capacity
of such batteries can drop significantly for a number of
reasons before their calculated life expectancy is reached. This
is why it is so important to check batteries at regular intervals,
and the most reliable way of measuring battery capacity is to
conduct a discharge test.
TORKEL840 - UTILITY is used for battery systems ranging from
12 to 250 V – often encountered in switchgear and similar
equipment. Discharging can take place at up to
110 A, and if higher current is needed, two or more
TORKEL840 units or extra load units, TXL, can be linked
together. Tests can be conducted at constant current, constant
power, constant resistance or in accordance with a preselected load profile.
TORKEL860 - MULTI is designed primarily for people who
travel from place to place to maintain battery systems having
different voltages. It features excellent discharging capacity
plus a broad voltage range and outstanding portability – a
unique combination.
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Torkel840/860
Battery load units
SPECIFICATIONS
Load section
Current setting
288 V DC (TORKEL840)
480 V DC (TORKEL860)
110 A
15 kW
Constant current, constant power,
constant resistance, current or power
profile
0-110.0 A (2999.9 A) 1)
0 °C to +40 °C (32 °F to +104 °F)
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to +158 °F)
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
Power setting
Resistance setting
Battery voltage range,
TORKEL840
Battery voltage range,
TORKEL860
0-15.00 kW (299.99 kW) 1)
0.1-2999.8 Ω
4 ranges, selected automatically at start
of test
5 ranges, selected automatically at start
of test
2004/108/EC
2006/95/EC
Stabilization (For internal
current measurement)
±(0.5% of reading +0.5 A)
Specifications TORKEL840/860
Max. battery voltage
Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to change
without notice.
Max. current
Max. power
Environment
Load patterns
Application field
Temperature
Operating
Storage & transport
Humidity
The instrument is intended for use in
high-voltage substations and industrial
environments.
CE-marking
EMC
LVD
General
Mains voltage
100 – 240 V AC, 50 / 60 Hz
Power consumption (max) 150 W
Protection
Thermal cut-outs, automatic overload
protection
Dimensions
Instrument
Transport case
Weight
Display
Available languages
210 x 353 x 700 mm
(8.3” x 13.9” x 27.6”)
265 x 460 x 750 mm
(10.4” x 18.1” x 29.5”)
21.5 kg (47.4 lbs)
38 kg (83.8 lbs) with accessories and
transport case.
LCD
English, French, German, Spanish,
Swedish
Measurement section
Current measurement
Display range
Basic inaccuracy
Resolution
0.0 – 2999 A
±(0.5% of reading +0.2 A)
0.1 A
Internal current measurement
Range
0 – 270 A
Input for clamp-on ammeter
Range
mV/A-ratio
Input impedance
0–1V
Software settable, 0.3 to 19.9 mV/A
>1 MΩ
Voltage measurement
Display range 0.0 – 60 V
Basic inaccuracy
±(0.5% of reading +0.1 V)
Resolution
0.1 V
Display range 0.0 – 500 V
Basic inaccuracy
±(0.5% of reading +1 V)
Resolution
0.1 V
Range 1
Range 2
Range 3
Range 4
Range 5 2)
Battery
voltage
Highest permissible
current
10 – 27.6 V
10 – 55.2 V
10 – 144 V
10 – 288 V
10 – 480 V
110 A
110 A
110 A
55 A
55 A (max power
15 kW)
Resistor
element
(Nominal
values)
0.165 Ω
0.275 Ω
0.55 Ω
3.3 Ω
3.3 Ω
1) Maximum value for a system with more than one load unit
2) TORKEL860
Inputs, maximal values
External
current
measurement
Start / Stop
Delay until start
Stop delay
Battery
Voltage sense
Serial
Alarm
1 V DC, 300 V DC to ground. Current
shunt should be connected to the
negative side of the battery
Closing / opening contact
Closing and then opening the contact
will start / stop Torkel. It is not possible to
keep the contacts in closed position.
200 – 300 ms
100 – 200 ms
480 V DC, 500 V DC to ground
480 V DC, 500 V DC to ground
<15 V
250 V DC 0.28 A
28 V DC 8 A
250 V AC 8 A
Outputs, maximal values
Start / Stop
TXL
Serial
Alarm
5 V, 6 mA
Relay contact
<15 V
Relay contact
Time measurement
Basic inaccuracy
Www.megger.com
±0.1% of reading ±1 digit
111
5
Torkel840/860
Battery load units
Specifications TXL 850 / 870
Discharging capacity, examples
12 V battery (6 cells) 3)
Final voltage
1.80 V / cell (10.8 V)
1.75 V / cell (10.5 V)
1.67 V / cell (10.0 V)
Constant current
0 – 50.0 A
0 – 49.0 A
0 – 46.0 A
Constant power
0 – 0.54 kW
0 – 0.51 kW
0 – 0.46 kW
Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to change
without notice.
Environment
Application field
24 V battery (12 cells) 
3)
1.80 V / cell (21.6 V)
1.75 V / cell (21.0 V)
1.60 V / cell (19.2 V)
0 – 110 A
0 – 110 A
0 – 100 A
0 – 2.37 kW
0 – 2.31 kW
0 – 1.92 kW
48 V battery (24 cells) 3)
1.80 V / cell (43.2 V)
1.75 V / cell (42.0 V)
1.60 V / cell (38.4 V)
0 – 110 A
0 – 110 A
0 – 110 A
0 – 4.75 kW
0 – 4.62 kW
0 – 4.22 kW
110 V battery (54 cells) 3)
1.80 V / cell (97.2 V)
1.75 V / cell (94.5 V)
1.60 V / cell (86.4 V)
0 – 110 A
0 – 110 A
0 – 110 A
0 – 110 A
0 – 110 A
0 – 110 A
220 V battery (108 cells)
1.80 V / cell (194 V)
1.75 V / cell (189 V)
1.60 V / cell (173 V)
0 – 55 A
0 – 55 A
0 – 51.0 A
0 – 11.9 kW
0 – 11.5 kW
0 – 10.5 kW
Protection
0 – 10.7 kW
0 – 10.4 kW
0 – 8.82 kW
240 V battery (120 cells) 3)
1.80 V / cell (216 V)
1.75 V / cell (210 V)
1.60 V / cell (192 V)
0 – 55 A
0 – 55 A
0 – 55 A
0 – 11.9 kW
0 – 11.5 kW
0 – 10.5 kW
0 – 38 A
0 – 38 A
0 – 15 kW
0 – 15 kW
UPS battery (204 cells) 3) (TORKEL860)
1.80 V / cell (367 V)
1.60 V / cell (326 V)
0 – 34 A
0 – 34 A
3) 2.15 V per cell when test starts
Mains voltage
Power
consumption
Dimensions
Instrument
Transport case
Weight
Cable sets
for TXL850
for TXL870
UPS battery (180 cells) 3) (TORKEL860)
1.70 V / cell (306 V)
1.60 V / cell (288 V)
EMC
LVD
General
3)
0 – 15 kW
0 – 15 kW
0 °C to +40 °C (32 °F to +104 °F)
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to +158 °F)
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
CE-marking
0 – 10.7 kW
0 – 10.4 kW
0 – 9.5 kW
120 V battery (60 cells) 3)
1.80 V / cell (108 V)
1.75 V / cell (105 V)
1.60 V / cell (96 V)
Temperature
Operating
Storage &
transport
Humidity
The instrument is intended for use in
high-voltage substations and industrial
environments.
2004/108/EC
2006/95/EC
100 – 240 V AC, 50 / 60 Hz
75 W (max)
Thermal cut-outs, automatic overload
protection
210 x 353 x 600 mm
(8.3” x 13.9” x 23.6”)
265 x 460 x 750 mm
(10.4” x 18.1” x 29.5”)
13 kg (28.7 lbs)
21.4 kg (47.2 lbs) with transport case
2 x 3 m (9.8 ft), 70 mm2, 270 A, with cable lug.
Max. 100 V. 5 kg (11 lbs)
2 x 3 m (9.8 ft), 25 mm2, 110 A, with cable
clamp / lug. Max. 480 V. 3 kg (6.6 lbs)
Load section
TXL850
TXL870
Max. voltage
(DC)
56 V
140 V/ 280 V
Max. current
300 A
Max. power
16.4 kW
112 A at 140 V
56 A at 280 V
15.8 kW
Internal resistance, 3-position selector
Position 1
Current
100 A
78.5 A
50.1 A
39.2 A
Position 2
Current
200 A
156 A
Position 3
Current
300 A
235 A
100 A
78.4 A
5
112
TXL850
0.55 Ω
at 55.2 V (24 x 2.3 V)
at 43.2 V (24 x 1.8 V)
–
–
TXL850
0.275 Ω
at 55.2 V (24 x 2.3 V)
43.2 V (24 x 1.8 V)–
TXL850
0.184 Ω
at 55.2 V (24 x 2.3 V)
43.2 A (24 x 1.8 V)
–
–
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
TXL870
4.95 Ω
–
–
at 248.4 V (108 x 2.3 V)
at 194.4 V (108 x 1.8 V)
TXL870
2.48 Ω
–
–
TXL870
1.24 Ω
–
–
at 124.2 V (54 x 2.3 V)
at 97.2 V (54 x 1.8 V)
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
Torkel840/860
Battery load units
TORKEL Win
The TORKEL Win program runs on a PC under Windows®, you
can transfer readings to your computer for storage, printout or
export. If your PC is connected to a TORKEL820 during the test,
TORKEL Win builds up a voltage curve on the screen in real time
and displays the current, voltage and capacity readings. You can
also control the test using TORKEL Win.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
TORKEL840
Complete with:
Cable set GA-00550
Transport case GD-00054
BS-49094
TORKEL860
Complete with:
Cable set GA-00550
Transport case GD-00054
BS-49096
Optional accessories
Www.megger.com
TORKEL Win
PC software
BS-8208X
Extra loads
TXL850
BS-59095
TXL890
BS-59097
Cable sets
Cable set for TXL850
2 x 3 m, 70 mm2, with cable lug. Max 100 V
270 A.
Weight: 5.0 kg (11 lbs)
GA-00554
Extension cable set, 110 A
2 x 3 m, 25 mm2. Max 480 V
Weight: 3.0 kg (6.6 lbs)
GA-00552
Sensing lead set
Cable set for measuring voltage at battery
terminals. 2 x 5 m (16.4 ft)
GA-00210
Clamp-on ammeters
DC clamp-on ammeter, 200 A
To measure current in circuit outside TORKEL
XA-12992
DC clamp-on ammeter, 1000 A
To measure current in circuit outside TORKEL
XA-12990
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5
BGFT
Battery ground fault tester
SPECIFICATIONS
Power source
Transmitter
120/240 V ac, 50/60 Hz, 200 VA
max.
Receiver
One 9 V alkaline battery supplies up
to 40 hours continuous
Source
Voltage
Variable from 0 to 50 V rms
Current
Load dependent from 0 to 1.7 A rms
Frequency
20 Hz, ±2%
Fault resistance
1 kΩ to 399 kΩ at 50 V; bridge accuracy ±10%
Line capacitance
0.01 to 11.1 µF; bridge accuracy ±20%
Display
Transmitter
Separate 3 digit LCD meters for volts
and current
Accuracy
±5%
Receiver
Digital meter display up to 1.999
(three gain selections)
Mechanical data
BGFT
n Easily locates ground faults in ungrouded dc systems
n Operates in high electrical noise environment
n Simplifies fault tracing by identifying fault Dimensions (Transmitter)
4 H x 9 W x 19 D cm
(7.5 H x 18.5 W x 14.5 D in.)
Dimensions (Receiver)
4 H x 9 W x 19 D cm
(1.5 H x 3.5 W x 7.5 D in.)
Weight (Transmitter)
15.9 kg (35 lb)
Weight (Receiver)
0.3 kg (0.66 lb)
characteristic (resistive and capacitive) magnitudes
Description
The battery ground fault tracer is an economical, easy-to-use
instrument that identifies, traces and locates ground faults in
ungrounded dc systems — on-line. It is particularly effective in
high electrical noise environments, as the strength of the test
signal can be adjusted.
The battery ground fault tracer accelerates fault location by
eliminating trial-and-error procedures and because faults can
be located without going off-line. It is particularly useful in
any industry where supply of power for operating measurement, communication and control equipment is critical.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Battery ground fault tracer, 120/240 V ac,
50/60 Hz, CE marked
Order Code
246100B
Included accessories
29386-3
Current transformer, 5 cm (2 in.) with leads,
1.2 mm (4 ft) (1 pair)
29999-1
AC power cord, 1.8 m (6 ft) (1)
17032
Feedback cable, 12 m (40 ft) (1)
29998
Battery, 9 volt (1)
5
114
Order Code
User manual
AVTM 246100B
Optional accessories
Mini-CT, 12 mm (0.5 in.) with 1.3 m (4.25 ft) lead
Fused source leads, 6 m (20 ft) (1 pair)
Padded accessory bag (1)
Product
Transit case
30595
BG-20001
29996
1482-1
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
BITE®2 and BITE2P
Battery impedance test equipment
SPECIFICATIONS
Transmitter
Supply voltage
100 to 130 V, 50/60 Hz, 200 VA max
210 to 250 V, 50/60 Hz, 200 VA max
Source output current
10 A nominal, 50/60 Hz operation
Maximum battery string test voltage
275 V dc at source lead terminals (section the battery if >275 V dc)
Display
Digital LCD meter
0 to 15 A
Charger
Supply voltage
100 to 130 V, 50/60 Hz, 14 VA
210 to 250 V, 50/60 Hz, 14 VA
Output
6.50 V dc @ 1.10 A dc charging
(max)
9.60 V dc open circuit
Receiver
Accuracy
ac impedance 5% +1 LSD
dc voltage ±(0.5% of reading +1
LSD)
Precision
Better than 0.5% one sigma
BITE 2P
BITE 2
Voltage range and resolution
1 to 2.500 V dc, 1 mV resolution
2.5 to 25.00 V dc, 10 mV resolution
Impedance range and resolution
0 to 1.000 mΩ, 1µΩ resolution
1 to 10.00 mΩ, 10µΩ resolution
10 to 100.0 mΩ, 0.1mΩ resolution
Setting time per reading
BITE2 and BITE2P
3 seconds maximum
n
Determines condition of lead acid and NiCd cells up to Display
7000 Ah
LCD, 2 x 16 characters
Supply
4.8 V dc, 800 mAh, quick charge nickel-cadmium battery pack
Battery pack life, full charge
5 hours continuous
Maximum cell/jar test voltage
25 V dc between receiver and
potential probe
Safety
Conforms to the EMC Directive 2004/108/EC and the LVD Directive
2006/95/EC
Environmental
n On-board Pass/Warning/Fail indications
n Robust, repeatable instruments
n On-line testing
n Checks charger condition by measuring ac ripple current
Description
The BITE2 and BITE2P battery impedance test equipment
Operating temperature
0 ºC to 40 ºC (32 ºF to 105 ºF)
determine the condition of lead-acid and nickel-cadmium cells
Storage temperature
-20 ºC to 55 ºC (-5 ºF to 130 ºF )
up to 7000 Ah. An advanced feature set has been developed
Humidity
20 to 90% RH, noncondensing
that includes Pass/Warning/Fail calculations based on a userentered baseline value, advanced printing functions and
Mechanical data
BITE2 Transmitter
16.5 H x 35.6 W x 27 D cm
(6.5 H x 14 W x 10.6 D in.)
more. The case of the BITE2P consists of both the transmitter
BITE2P Transmitter
19 H x 47 W x 37 D cm
(7.5 H x 18.5 W x 14.6 D in.)
some of the optional accessories, in an all-in-one unit. The
Receiver (irregular shape)
BITE2P
18 H x 29 W x 5 D cm
(7.25 H x 11.25 W x 2 D in.)
and a carrying case for all of the standard accessories and
BITE2 and its accessories fit into a sturdy canvas case with a
shoulder strap.
Weight
BITE2 Transmitter
7.7 kg (17 lb)
BITE2P Transmitter
8.2 kg (18 lb) alone, 14.5 kg (32 lb)
packed
Receiver
0.7 kg (1.6 lb)
Www.megger.com
115
5
BITE®2 and BITE2P
Battery impedance test equipment
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
BITE2, 110/230 V ac, 50/60 Hz, CE marked
BITE2P, 110/230 V ac, 50/60 Hz, CE marked
Order Code
246002B
24600
Included accessories
Transmitter for BITE2
P30044-300
Transmitter for BITE2P
P30044-100
Receiver
Source leads, 6 m (20 ft), fused
Current sensor, 50 mm (2 in.) opening with
1.5 m (5 ft) lead
CT extension cable, 6 m (20 ft)
P30620-3
29386-2
33863
33864-1
Communication cable, 1.8 m (6 ft)
35340
Charger cable
35341
Thermal paper
26999
ProActiv™ battery database management
software
BI-9001
ac line cord, 2.5 m (8 ft)
17032-7
Canvas carrying case for BITE2
218746
Manual for BITE2 and BITE2P
246004
Accessory bag for BITE2
5
116
Product
Order Code
Optional accessories
Current sensor 12 mm (0.5 in.) opening with
0.8 m (2.5 ft) lead
246034
Current sensor, RopeCT™ 60 cm (24 in.) length
246050
Current sensor, RopeCT™ 90 cm (36 in.) length
246051
CT extension cable, 6 m (20 ft)
246033
Current source leads, 3 m (10 ft), fused
246147
Current source leads, 9.1 m (30 ft), fused
246347
Current source leads, 12.2 m (40 ft), fused
246447
Bar code wand with preprinted code sheet
246201
Transit case for BITE2
35491
29996
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
BITE®3
Battery impedance test equipment
SPECIFICATIONS
BITE 3 instrument
Impedance range and resolution
0.05 to 1.000 m½ 1 μ½ resolution
1 to 10.00 m½ 10 μ½ resolution
10 to 100.0 m½ 0.1 m½ resolution
Voltage range and resolution
1 to 30 V dc across probes
1 to 8.0 V dc 1 mV resolution
8.0 to 30.00 V dc 10 mV resolution
Current range and resolution
0.5 - 9.99 A ac/dc 0.01 A resolution
10.0 - 99.9 A ac/dc 0.1 A resolution
Acuracy
dc voltage
±(1% rdg +1 lsd)
ac impedance
±(5% of rdg +1 lsd)
ac/dc current
±(5% rdg +0.5 A)
Precision
Better than 0.5% one sigma
Source output current
1/2 A rms
BITE3
Display
1/4 VGA LCD
n Determines health of lead-acid cells up to 2000 Ah
n On-line testing with Pass/Warning/Fail calculations
n Measures impedance, interconnection resistance and cell Settling time per reading
3 seconds maximum
Battery pack
2 to 4 hours continuous
4.8 V dc, 7000 mAh, quick charge NiMH battery pack
Safety
Designed to meet IEC 61010-1 specifications
Environmental
voltage
n Windows CE operating system with 32 MB of memory
n Measures float and ripple currents
n Includes ProActiv™ Database Management Software
Operating temperature
0 ºC to 40 ºC (32 ºF to 105 ºF)
Storage temperature
-20 ºC to 55 ºC (-5 ºF to 130 ºF)
Description
Humidity
20 to 90% RH, noncondensing
The BITE3 battery impedance test equipment determines
the health of lead-acid cells up to 2000 Ah by taking measure-
Mechanical data
Dimensions
220 x 100 x 237 mm (8.6 x 4 9.5in.)
ments of the most important battery parameters. The BITE3
Weight
2.6 kg (5.7 lbs)
measures cell impedance, an internal ohmic test, cell voltage,
intercell connection resistance and ripple current. And, for the
Charger
Supply voltage
90 to 264 Vac, 50/60 Hz
1.6 A max.
first time in a battery instrument, the BITE3 measures float
Output
12 V dc @ 5 A, 60 W max.
harmonic content of the ripple current. It has firmware that
Optional printer
Thermal, with 4 1/4 in. (110 mm) printing width
current. There is even a built-in spectrum analyzer to show the
can be upgraded through the Internet and supports multiple
languages.
It is known that impedance is correlated to battery capacity
and there has been a long-standing question as to when a
user should replace a cell. BITE3 and ProActiv allow the user
to trend data and to enter baseline values for comparison
purposes and to make decisions whether onsite or in the
office. Both the BITE3’s impedance deviation graph and the
trend graph in ProActiv clearly show the status of a cell which
helps users to decide what action needs to be taken to ensure
battery back up reliability based on users’ criteria.
Www.megger.com
117
5
BITE®3
Battery impedance test equipment
ProActiv System Requirements
Hard Drive Space
Processor
100 MB
300 MHz Pentium II or better
System Memory (RAM)
64 MB (128 MB recommended)
Operating System
Windows 98
Other Drives
Windows Me
CD-ROM (used only for installation)
Windows NT 4.0 (SP6a required)
Windows 2000 (SP2 recommended)
Communications Port
Windows XP
COM (used only for importing data from test equipment or to
Note:Windows 95 is not supported
download information to the BITE 3)
Software
Monitor/Display
Microsoft Internet Explorer 5 or later
True color, 800 x 600 resolution
®
Microsoft .Net Framework will be automatically installed by
ProActiv if it is not alreadyinstalled on your computer. For
Additional Information
additional information about Microsoft .Net Framework
For improved usage, an internet connection will make it easy
please visit:www.microsoft.com/net
to get automatic ProActiv software updates. The user should
have Microsoft Excel 9.0, or later, to import AVOLink or
COMLink files into ProActiv.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
BITE 3, 110/230 V ac, 50/60 Hz, CE marked
Order Code
BITE3
Canvas carrying case
RS-232 null modem cable
Order Code
Optional accessories
Lead set, 1.8 m (6 ft) probe to probe
Included accessories
ProActiv™ software
Product
36616
BI-90001
Printer, battery operated, 110 V ac
35755-3
35788
Printer, battery operated, 220 V ac
35755-4
33533-1
Printer paper, 1 roll
26999
Line charger
EV6280-333
AMP/Burndy lead set
BI-10004
Battery
EV6121-492
Kelvin clip lead set
BI-10005
Dual point lead set
BI-10002
Quick disconnect lead set
Tip kit
BI-10017
Cigarette lighter charger
Operating manual
AVTMBITE3
Current transformer kit
35873
USB-serial adapter
35871
Probe extensions, lighted
35865
Hard-sided carrying case
35890
Standard transit case
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118
BI-10006
EV6280-332
35915
Field test shunt, 0.01 ½, current rating 10 A
249003
Field test shunt, 0.001 ½, current rating 100 A
249004
Field test shunt, 0.0001 ½, current rating 500 A
249005
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
ProActiv
Battery database management software
SPECIFICATIONS
System requirements
Processor
300 MHz Pentium II or better
Operating system
Windows 98
Windows Me
Windows NT 4.0 (SP6a required)
Windows 2000 (SP2 recommended)
Windows XP
Note:Windows 95 is not supported
Software
Microsoft® Internet Explorer 5 or later
Microsoft .Net Framework
Will be automatically installed by ProActiv if it is not already installed on
your computer. For additional information about Microsoft. Net Framework
please visit: www.microsoft.com/net
Hard drive space
100 MB
ProActiv for use with BITE2/2P and
BITE3
System memory (RAM)
64 MB (128 MB recommended)
Other drives
CD-ROM (used only for installation)
nOrganizes and manages battery data
Communication port
COM (used only for importing data from test equipment or to download
information to the BITE 3).
Monitor/display
True color, 800 x 600 resolution
Additional information
For improved usage, an internet connection will make it easy to get
automatic ProActiv software updates.
The user should have Microsoft Excel 9.0, or later, to import AVOLink or
COMLink files into ProActiv.
n
n
n
n
n
Performs trending analysis
Utilizes a standard MS Access database format
Assists the user to manage multiple batteries
Easy-to-use graphical navigation
Uses various data import and data entry wizards
Description
The first of its kind, ProActiv is a powerful, easy to use battery
database management software designed to analyze each
individual battery in a battery system.
Battery testing is crucial to ensure a battery system provides
standby and emergency power to operate devices such as
emergency lighting, UPSs, operating controls, switchgear
components, protective relays and continuous process
systems. Failure of a battery system within environments such
as utilities, hospitals or manufacturing plants can result in
operational failure of the devices connected to it. ProActiv
assists the user to avoid battery failures, budget for future
battery string and cell replacements, and plan battery
changeouts in an orderly manner.
ProActiv utilizes a standard MS Access database format. It
allows the user to organize and manage battery data such as
voltages, impedance, intercell connection resistance, ripple
current, specific gravity, IR thermographs and more.
ProActiv supports the following languages English, French,
German, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish and Vietnamese. BITE2
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
ProActiv battery database management
software
Www.megger.com
Order Code
BI-90001
supports all the above languages BITE2/2P supports the above
except Russian and Vietnamese.
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5
BITE Optional Accessories
BITE accessories
n
n
n
n
Enhances the capabilities of th BITE product line
Designed for unique application situations
The right tools for battery testing
Facilitates complete battery testing
Probe extensions
Description
Probe extensions are available for most BITE models. They
are mounted on the probes of the BITE3 or on the Receiver
Megger offers a complete line of accessories to enhance the
capabilities of the BITE product line. Several are listed here, but
there are many others including extension cables, calibration
and Potential probe of the BITE2 and BITE2P. They are
excellent for reaching battery terminals and interconnectors
in cabinetized and racked batteries. They are also helpful for
shunts, and more, which are not listed. Please contact us for
reaching batteries on the top rack of a three-tier, two-row
further information. Also, we are continually evaluating
rack. One set of probe extension kits consists of two
additional products as interest arises.
adapters, two 30 cm (12 in.) extensions and six tips.
Extensions are threaded for easy assembly. Simply remove
the extension and screw the tip into the adapter for normal
use. The other tips have a 90°, 135° (45°) and a 180° bend
for easy access to most battery configurations. The BITE3 has
snap-on adapters and slide-on/off extensions and tips
RopeCTTM (Current transformer)
The RopeCT is a flexible, highly accurate current transformer
for measuring current flow in larger battery systems with
larger buss work. It comes in two lengths, 60 cm (24 in.) and
Digital hydrometer (with memory module)
90 cm (36 in.) for 20 cm (8 in.) and 30 cm (12 in.) diameters,
The digital hydrometer accurately and quickly determines
respectively. Since it is flexible, it could form into an oval to
specific gravity of flooded cells. Simply draw the electrolyte
easily fit around most any buss work or intercell connection
into it; the specific gravity and temperature are determined
configuration. The RopeCT is designed specifically for use with
in five seconds. It provides memory for both temperature and
the BITE2, BITE2P and BITE3. Check the Ordering Information
specific gravity for eight tests of 256 cells each. The stored
to select the right one.
data can be easily downloaded into any PC using the included
software or into ProActiv, Megger’s battery database manage-
Miniature 12 mm (1/2 in.) CT
(Current transformer)
In some installations, it is difficult to attach the standard
ment software.
Bar code wand
50 mm (2 in.) CT due to the size limitations of the site or size
The bar code wand is used to enter header and cell information
of the cable. To overcome this situation, Megger now offers
into the BITE2, and BITE2P. Once the information is entered, it
a 12 mm (1/2 in.) CT for smaller gauge wires and for tight
becomes a permanent part of the string’s and/or cell’s record.
spaces.
It comes with a preprinted and laminated sheet with alphanumeric bar codes and commands (such as “Enter”). Bar code
label printing software is available as an option.
5
120
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
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BITE Optional Accessories
COMLink software
COMLink is a tool for downloading data from BITE2, and
BITE2P to a PC or laptop. (COMLink files can be imported by
ProActiv.) It is shipped FREE with every Megger BITE battery
impedance tester.
Calibration shunts
ProActiv
The accuracy of all Megger BITE battery impedance testers can
ProActiv is a battery database management software tool that
be easily checked in the field using one of Megger’s NIST-
downloads data and information from the BITE2 and BITE2P,
traceable shunts. Simply check the impedance tester using a
BITE3 and the digital hydrometer (with memory module).
shunt in the range of a typical battery impedance value.
ProActiv trends impedance, voltage, specific gravity and
Transit cases
temperature data, calculates cells’ deviations from the bank
The transit cases are extremely durable for the purpose of
average, variation from a baseline and the change in
impedance from the previous test. In addition, using its basic
reporting structure, budgetary replacements can be planned
rather than based on emergency situations. ProActiv is free
and is shipped with every BITE.
shipping the appropriate BITE product to many different
locations with ease and to prevent shipping damage. They
are complete with retractable handles, sturdy foam on the
interior walls, and wheels.
USB serial adapter
Most laptops do not offer RS232 serial ports. Megger offers an
adapter to connect an instrument’s RS232 cable to a laptop’s
USB port.
Ordering Information
Product
Order Code
Product
Order Code
Rope CT, 60 cm (24 in.) for BITE2 and 2P
246050
Optional lead sets for BITE3:
Rope CT, 90 cm (36 in.) for BITE2 and 2P 246051
AMP/Burndy lead set, 140 cm (56 in.)
BI-10004
Rope CT, 60 cm (24 in.) for BITE3 246053
Kelvin clip lead set, 96 cm (38 in.) BI-10005
Rope CT, 90 cm (36 in.) for BITE3 246054
Quick disconnect lead set, 115 cm. (45 in)
BI-10006
Miniature 1/2 in. CT for BITE2 and 2P 246034
Lead set, 1.8 m (6 ft) probe to probe
246033
Bar code wand kit (with laminated sheet)
for BITE2 and 2P 246036
Bar code label printing software 246039
COMLink downloading software
(included on ProActiv disc) 35303-2
CT extension cable, 6 m (20 ft) for
MBITE, BITE2 and 2P Standard probe extensions kit,
30 cm (12 in.) for MBITE, BITE2 and 2P 34943-000
Enhanced probe extensions kit,
60 cm (24 in.) for BITE2 and 2P 34943-001
Extensions, 30 cm (12 in.), pair
for BITE2 and 2P 34943-002
Lighted probe extension kit,
30/70 cm (12/27 in.) for BITE3
35865
Digital hydrometer Www.megger.com
ProActiv USB-serial adapter
246052
36616
BI-90001
35871
Calibration shunt, 0.01 Ω, current rating 10 A 249003
Calibration shunt, 0.001 Ω, current rating 100 A 249004
Calibration shunt, 0.0001 Ω, current rating 500 A
249005
Transit case for BITE2P 35491
Transit case for BITE3 35915
121
5
Optional Accessories
Cable set, GA-00554
Cable set GA-00550
TORKEL Win PC software
„„Shows
the complete voltage curve
„„Last
recorded time, voltage, current and discharged
capacity
„„Scroll
window for all recorded values
„„Remote
„„Report
5
TXL850
control of TORKEL
functions
122
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Www.megger.com
123
5
Circuit Breaker
Test
Circuit breakers are one of the critical “safety-valves” of electrical systems and basic
maintenance procedures are essential to maintain maximum reliability.
Effective circuit breaker maintenance requires well-organized, accurate testing. The
ability to accurately compare circuit breaker tests with previous test results is essential.
It is, therefore, imperative to conduct tests in exactly the same way and under the same
conditions as those conducted earlier.
6
6
124
Selection guide.......................................................................................... 125
Technical information................................................................................. 126
CabaWin circuit breaker analysis software.................................................. 134
EGIL circuit breaker analyser....................................................................... 138
TM1600 circuit breaker analyser................................................................ 142
TM1800 circuit breaker analyser system..................................................... 142
SDRM202 static/dynamic resistance measurement..................................... 149
VIDAR vacuum interrupter tester................................................................ 151
B10E AC/DC voltage power supply............................................................ 154
MS-2A circuit breaker with overcurrent relay test system............................ 156
OCR-8015 and OCR-9150 automatic oil circuit recloser test set................. 158
Optional accessories................................................................................... 161
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SELECTION GUIDE
CabaWin
Circuit breaker test software
EGIL
TM1600
TM1800
n
n
n
SDRM202
VIDAR
B10E
MS-2A
OCR8015/9150
n
Circuit breaker test analyser
Static/dynamic resistance
measurement
n
n
Vacuum interrupter tester
n
AC/DC voltage power supply
n
Automatic oil circuit recloser test
set
n
Tests overcurrent relays
n
Predefined test plans
n
Detailed circuit breaker analysis
n
Graphic display of measurement
and test result
n
Report generation with MS Word
n
Compatible with TM1800,
TM1600, EGIL
n
Timing and travel tests
n
Two separate timing channels
n
Analogue measurment channels
n
1 s to 100 s measurement
n
0.1 ms to 10 ms resolution
n
3 channels with common grounds
n
0.05% time based inaccuracy
n
24 V open circuit voltage
n
100 mA short circuit current
n
Circuit breaker test selection is complex.
Over the next 6 pages, we have created a set of detailed selection guides to identify
the configuration that is right for you. Please call our Technical Support Group (TSG)
if you would like assistance.
Www.megger.com
125
6
TM1800 SELECTION GUIDE
SI
Package
Part no/nos.
1
CG-19290
CG-19290
TM1800 Standard - package incl CABA Win
2
CG-19292
CG-19292
TM1800 Standard with DualGround Timing - package incl CABA Win
3
CG-19293
CG-19293
TM1800 Standard + AUX with DualGround Timing - package incl CABA Win
4
CG-19294
CG-19294
TM1800 Expert - package incl CABA Win
5
CG-19296
CG-19296
TM1800 Expert incl. DualGround Timing - package incl CABA Win
6
CG-19300
CG-19300
TM1800 Standard (Excl Cables, Excl Case, Excl CABA Win)
7
CG-19302
CG-19302
TM1800 Standard w. DualGround Timing (Excl Cables, Excl Case, Excl CABA Win)
8
CG-19303
CG-19303
TM1800 Standard + AUX w. DualGround Timing (Excl Cables, Excl Case, Excl CABA Win)
9
CG-19304
CG-19304
TM1800 Expert (Excl Cables, Excl Case, Excl CABA Win)
10
CG-19306
CG-19306
TM1800 Expert incl. DualGround Timing (Excl Cables, Excl Case, Excl CABA Win)
11
Combo pack 1
CG-19290
TM1800 Standard - package incl. CABA Win
CG-19030
TM1800 Control Module
GA-00851
Cable Timing Cable TM1800 Ext R100 - 3 Nos
CG-19290
TM1800 Standard package incl. CABA Win
CG-19030
TM1800 Control Module
GA-00851
Cable Timing Cable TM1800 Ext R100 - 3 Nos
CG-19050
TM1800 Printer Module
CG-19292
TM1800 Standard w. DualGround Timing - package incl CABA Win
CG-19030
TM1800 Control Module
GA-00851
Cable Timing Cable TM1800 Ext R100 - 3 Nos
CG-19050
TM1800 Printer Module
CG-19181
TM1800 DCM 3-ch cable extension 10m - 2 Nos
CG-19290
TM1800 Standard - package incl CABA Win
CG-19030
TM1800 Control Module
GA-00851
Cable Timing Cable TM1800 Ext R100 - 3 Nos
CG-19050
TM1800 Printer Module
CG-19000
TM1800 Analog Module
CG-19292
TM1800 Standard w. DualGround Timing - package incl CABA Win
CG-19030
TM1800 Control Module
GA-00851
Cable Timing Cable TM1800 Ext R100 - 3 Nos
CG-19050
TM1800 Printer Module
CG-19181
TM1800 DCM 3-ch cable extension 10m - 2 Nos
CG-19000
TM1800 Analog Module
CG-19292
TM1800 Standard w. DualGround Timing - package incl CABA Win
CG-19030
TM1800 Control Module
GA-00851
Cable Timing Cable TM1800 Ext R100 - 3 Nos
CG-19050
TM1800 Printer Module
CG-19181
TM1800 DCM 3-ch cable extension 10m - 2 Nos
CG-19000
TM1800 Analog Module
CG-19060
TM1800 Timing Aux Module
CG-19294
TM1800 Expert - package incl CABA Win
GA-00851
Cable Timing Cable TM1800 Ext R100 - 6 Nos
CG-19000
TM1800 Analog Module
CG-19050
TM1800 Printer Module
CG-19294
TM1800 Expert - package incl CABA Win
GA-00851
Cable Timing Cable TM1800 Ext R100 - 6 Nos
CG-19050
TM1800 Printer Module
CG-19294
TM1800 Expert - package incl CABA Win
GA-00851
Cable Timing Cable TM1800 Ext R100 - 6 Nos
CG-19050
TM1800 Printer Module
CG-19040
TM1800 Digital Module
CG-19290
TM1800 Standard - package incl CABA Win
CG-19030
TM1800 Control Module
GA-00851
Cable Timing Cable TM1800 Ext R100 - 6 Nos
CG-19080
TM1800 Timing M/R Module
CG-19290
TM1800 Standard - package incl CABA Win
CG-19080
TM1800 Timing M/R Module
GA-00851
Cable Timing Cable TM1800 Ext R100 - 6 Nos
12
Combo pack 2
13
Combo pack 3
14
Combo pack4
15
Combo pack 5
16
Combo pack 6
17
Combo pack 7
18
Combo pack 8
19
Combo pack 9
20
Combo pack 10
21
6
Combo pack 11
126
Description
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EGIL SELECTION GUIDE
Part no.
Product
BM-19000
EGIL basic
without option
BM-19003
EGIL with
analogue/PC
BM-19005
EGIL
SDRM
BM-19090
EGIL
basic without
option
BM-19093
EGIL with
analogue/PC
BM-19095
EGIL
SDRM
1
Control channels
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
Coil current channels (using analogue
channels and current clamps for
TM1600)
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
Voltage monitoring channels (main
timing channels swapped on TM1600)
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
Coil resistance channels
0
0
0
0
0
0
5
Main timing channels
3
3
3
3
3
3
6
Dual ground option for main
timing
0
0
0
0
0
0
7
PIR timing channels (main timing
channels swapped on TM1600)
3
3
3
3
3
3
8
PIR resistance measurement channels
0
0
0
0
0
0
9
Analogue channels capable of
connecting motion, voltage, current and
pressure transducers
0
1
1
0
1
1
10
Analogue channels capable of
connecting vibration transducers.
0
0
0
0
0
0
11
Digital channels capable of
connecting motion transducers
0
0
0
0
0
0
12
Timing auxiliary channels
(dry or wet) (main timing channels
swapped on TM1600)
2
2
2
2
2
2
13
Free slots for additional modules
0
0
0
0
0
0
14
Includes internal printer
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
15
Trigger in and out
No
No
No
No
No
No
16
Remote start
No
No
No
No
No
No
17
Ambient temperature measuring
channel
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
0
0
1
0
0
1
No
No
Yes
No
No
Yes
0
0
2
0
0
2
No
18
Printer port
19
SDRM resistance channel
20
Dedicated SDRM trigger out
21
Internal SDRM current and voltage
measurement channel (using analogue
channels and SDRM box for TM1600)
22
Ethernet port
No
No
No
No
No
23
Serial port
No
No
No
No
No
No
24
USB port
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
25
Optical port
No
No
No
No
No
No
26
Monitor out
No
No
No
No
No
No
27
Includes CABAWIN software
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
28
Includes timing test cables
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
29
Includes hard case
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Www.megger.com
127
6
TM1600 SELECTION GUIDE
Part no.
Product
BL-39091
TM1600/4
BL-39092
TM1600/8
BL-39093
TM1600/12
BL-39094
TM1600/16
BL-39095
TM1600/20
BL-39096
TM1600/24
1
Control channels
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
Coil current channels (using analogue
channels and current clamps for
TM1600)
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
Voltage monitoring channels (Main
Timing channels swapped on
TM1600)
4
8
12
16
20
24
4
Coil resistance channels
0
0
0
0
0
0
5
Main timing channels
4
8
12
16
20
24
6
Dual ground option for main
timing
0
0
0
0
0
0
7
PIR timing channels (main timing
channels swapped on TM1600)
4
8
12
16
20
24
8
PIR resistance measurement channels
0
0
0
0
0
0
9
Analogue channels capable of
connecting motion, voltage, current
and pressure transducers
0
0
0
0
0
0
10
Analogue channels capable of
connecting vibration transducers.
0
0
0
0
0
0
11
Digital channels capable of
connecting motion transducers
0
0
0
0
0
0
12
Timing auxiliary channels
(dry or wet) (main timing channels
swapped on TM1600)
4
8
12
16
16
24
13
Free slots for additional modules
5
4
3
2
1
0
14
Includes internal printer
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
15
Trigger in and out
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
16
Remote start
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
17
Ambient temperature measuring
channel
No
No
No
No
No
No
18
Printer port
No
No
No
No
No
No
19
SDRM Resistance channel
0
0
0
0
0
1
20
Dedicated SDRM trigger out
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
21
Internal SDRM current and voltage
measurement channel (using
analogue channels and SDRM box for
TM1600)
0
0
0
0
0
0
22
Ethernet port
No
No
No
No
No
No
23
Serial port
No
No
No
No
No
No
24
USB port
No
No
No
No
No
No
25
Optical port
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
26
Monitor out
No
No
No
No
No
No
27
Includes CABAWIN software
No
No
No
No
No
No
28
Includes timing test cable
No
No
No
No
No
No
29
Includes hard case
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
6
128
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BL-39191
TM1600/16
MA61/2
BL-39192
TM1600/16
MA61/2
BL-39193
TM1600/16
MA61/4
BL-39194
TM1600/16
MA61/4
BL-39197
TM1600/16
MA61/6
BL-39098
TM1600/16
MA61/6
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
6
6
16
16
16
16
16
16
0
0
0
0
0
0
16
16
16
16
16
16
0
0
0
0
0
0
16
16
16
16
16
16
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
2
4
4
6
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
16
16
16
16
16
16
2
2
1
1
0
0
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
1
1
2
2
3
3
No
No
No
No
No
No
2
2
4
4
6
6
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
Www.megger.com
129
6
TM1800 SELECTION GUIDE
Part no.
Product
CG19290 CG19292 CG19293 CG19294 CG19296 CG19300 CG19302 CG19303 CG19304 CG19306
TM1800 TM1800 TM1800 TM1800 TM1800 TM1800 TM1800 TM1800 TM1800 TM1800
1
Control channels
3
3
3
6
6
3
3
3
6
6
2
Coil current channels
3
3
3
6
6
3
3
3
6
6
3
Coil voltage channels
3
3
3
6
6
3
3
3
6
6
4
Coil resistance channels
3
3
3
6
6
3
3
3
6
6
5
Main timing channels
6
6
6
12
12
6
6
6
12
12
6
Dual ground option for main
timing
0
6
6
0
12
0
6
6
0
12
7
Lead sets for dual ground option
0
6
6
0
12
0
6
6
0
12
8
PIR timing channels
6
6
6
12
12
6
6
6
12
12
9
PIR resistance measurement channels
6
6
6
12
12
6
6
6
12
12
10
Analogue channels capable of
connecting motion, voltage, current,
pressure, and vibration transducers.
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
11
Digital channels capable of
connecting motion transducers
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
12
52a and 52b timing channels
3
3
3
6
6
3
3
6
6
6
13
Timing auxiliary channels
(dry or wet)
0
0
6
6
6
0
0
6
6
6
14
Free slots for additional modules
15
Includes internal printer
5
4
3
2
1
5
4
3
2
1
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
16
Trigger in and out
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
17
Ambient temperature measuring
channel
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
18
Printer port
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
19
SDRM trigger out
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
20
Ethernet port
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
21
Serial port
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
22
USB ports (2 Nos)
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
23
Monitor out
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
24
Includes CABAWIN software / cables
/ hard case
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
25
Includes 6 Nos of 10 m extension
cables for Dual Ground (DCM)
Module (1 Ch/per cable)
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
26
Number of 10 m extension cables for
timing M/R module (2 Ch /Per cable )
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
130
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TM1800 SELECTION GUIDE
Combo
pack 1
Combo
pack 2
Combo
pack 3
Combo
pack 4
Combo
pack 5
Combo
pack 6
Combo
pack 7
Combo
pack 8
Combo
pack 9
Combo Combo
pack 10 pack 11
1
Control channels
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
2
Coil current channels
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
3
3
Coil voltage channels
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
3
4
Coil resistance channels
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
3
5
Main timing channels
6
6
6
6
6
6
12
12
12
12
12
6
Dual ground option for main
timing
0
0
6
0
6
6
0
0
0
0
0
7
Lead sets for dual ground option
0
6
6
6
6
6
12
12
0
0
0
8
PIR timing channels
6
6
6
6
6
6
12
12
12
12
12
9
PIR resistance measurement channels
6
6
6
6
6
6
12
12
12
12
12
10
Analogue channels capable of
connecting motion, voltage, current,
pressure, and vibration transducers.
3
3
3
6
6
6
6
3
3
3
3
11
Digital channels capable of
connecting motion transducers
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
0
0
12
52a and 52b timing channels
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
3
3
13
Timing auxiliary channels
(dry or wet)
0
0
0
0
0
6
6
6
6
0
0
14
Free slots for additional modules
4
3
2
2
1
0
0
1
0
3
4
15
Includes internal printer
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
16
Trigger in and out
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
17
Ambient temperature measuring
channel
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
18
Printer port
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
19
SDRM trigger out
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
20
Ethernet port
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
21
Serial port
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
22
USB ports (2 Nos)
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
23
Monitor out
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
24
Includes CABAWIN software / cables
/ hard case
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
25
Includes 6 Nos of 10 m extension
cables for Dual Ground (DCM)
Module (1 Ch/per cable)
No
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
26
Number of 10 m extension cables for
timing M/R module (2 Ch /Per cable )
3
3
3
3
3
3
6
6
6
6
6
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6
Circuit breaker test
The objective of all circuit breaker diagnostic testing is to detect
and they must not be used without careful consideration of the
defects before they cause damage and system outages. Many test
specific application.
techniques are used to achieve this, but one that receives less
attention than it deserves is vibration testing.
According to these rules of thumb, if the time shift is less than
4 ms, and the deviation curves never diverge by more than 10 dB,
A recent CIGRÉ study on circuit breakers in active use revealed
it is reasonable to assume that the circuit breaker is in the same
that 70% of malfunctions were caused by mechanical rather than
mechanical condition as it was when the reference signature was
electrical faults. What better basis could there be for diagnostic
generated. Note that successive tests on the same breaker will
tests, therefore, than looking directly at the mechanical behaviour
typically show differences of between 5 to 7 dB, and this should be
of the breaker? And this is exactly what vibration testing and more
regarded as normal.
accurately an acoustic signature does.
In cases where the time shift is greater than 4 ms but less than
The test method employed is easy to understand. Accelerometers,
8 ms, but the deviation curves still never diverge by more than
which behave in much the same way as microphones, are attached
10 dB, this is likely to mean that the breaker is in the same
to the circuit breaker under test. As the breaker opens and closes,
mechanical condition, but that it is operating more slowly.
the vibrations they pick up are recorded in much the same way as
an MP3 file might be captured for a voice or music recording. The
This may be due to inadequate lubrication but, if the test is the
recordings can subsequently be replayed and analysed at will.
first operation of the breaker for some considerable time, it is
worth repeating it. If the second test gives normal results, it is very
The results are easiest to interpret if a reference recording – often
probable that the slow operation was caused by poor lubrication
referred to as a reference signature or “footprint” – is available. This
and/or corrosion friction. Note that a difference in ambient
is simply a recording made when the breaker was known to be in
temperature can also produce a time shift as, in general, the colder
good condition and operating correctly. The reference signature can
the mechanism the slower the operating speed. This is particularly
be readily compared with subsequent recordings, with any significant
noticeable with hydraulic operating mechanisms.
changes indicating potential problems.
Finally, in cases where the deviation curves diverge by more than
If no reference signature is available for the specific breaker under
10 dB or the time shift is greater than 8 ms, this is a strong indication
test, the comparisons can instead be made with the reference
that the breaker is no longer in the same mechanical condition, and
signature of another breaker of the same type. This is however a
that there is a severe risk of it malfunctioning if it is put back into
compromise, not least because it is very different to be certain that
service. At this point, the vibration data can be further analysed to
the parameters for tests on two individual breakers – such as the
provide a guide to which part of the breaker’s mechanical system
exact placement of the accelerometers – are identical.
is behaving differently. This is a good starting point for further
diagnostic and remedial work.
While it is possible for experienced users of vibration analysis to
display the recordings on a computer screen and compare them by
This article has concentrated on offering a simple explanation of
eye, dedicated software will always provide more detailed and more
vibration testing and the type of diagnostic information it can
reliable results. The analysis looks in particular at two aspects of the
produce. Care must be taken in setting up and carrying out the tests
comparison, which are usually referred to as time shift and deviation
if accurate and dependable results are to be obtained.
(magnitude).
In particular, the positioning of the accelerometers that pick up
Particular vibration patterns are associated with specific mechanical
vibrations from the breaker is critical - changes in position of just a
events, such as the closing of the breaker’s arcing contacts or main
centimetre or two can make a big difference to the results. This also
contacts. The time shift analysis looks for differences in the timing
means that the positions used for the reference test must be clearly
of these vibration patterns between the reference signature and
and indelibly marked, so that the accelerometers can be mounted in
the test recording. Deviation analysis looks for differences in the
exactly the same positions for subsequent tests.
amplitude and frequency spectrum of the events.
While experience is undoubtedly the best guide to the interpretation
Another issue that often needs to be addressed is that of electrical
of the results, it is possible to provide some rules of thumb. While
interference such as induction, which is always present in electrical
these illustrate the usefulness of vibration testing however, it must
substations. The best instruments, such as the Megger TM1600
be under-stood that they are neither absolute nor universal criteria
and Megger TM1800, are well protected against interference but,
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132
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nevertheless, it is still important to inspect the recordings for evidence
condition. Vibration analysis is a very useful weapon in the circuit
of its influence. Fortunately, this is in most cases straightforward, as
breaker testing armoury – it is convenient to apply and it can often
genuine vibration signals are always symmetrical around the zero
uncover incipient problems that other test techniques would miss
line, whereas interference signals are not.
until they had become far more serious.
Other factors that affect the quality of the results obtained from
vibration testing include the method of attachment of the accelerometers to the circuit breaker, the level of signal pre-amplification
used, and the time window used for the result comparisons.
Manufacturers of test sets that support vibration analysis can be
expected to provide practical and reliable advice in all these areas.
Nothing in this article should be interpreted as meaning that
vibration analysis is the only type of testing needed for circuit breakers
– it should always be used in conjunction with more conventional
motion, timing, DRM (Dynamic Resistance Measurement), and coil
current tests to give an overall picture of breaker operation and
DTW analysis (Magnitude vs Time and Time vs Time)
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6
CabaWin
Circuit breaker analysis software
compare different measurements by overlaying one graph
on another in the same display, and use cursors and powerful
zoom functions for detailed analysis. CABA Win simplifies
testing and ensures the quality of the test procedure.
Application
Test plans
CabaWin
n
Pre-defined standard test plans for quick and easy testing
n
Detailed circuit breaker analysis by accurate comparison with historical test results
n
Graphical display of a variety of measurements and timing test results
n
Convenient report generation with MS Word or List&Label
n
Compatibility with TM1800, TM1600/MA61 and EGIL units
CABA Win can be used for all breaker testing applications,
ranging from simple time measurement to dynamic resistance
and vibration measurements. A circuit breaker is defined
before it is tested the first time. All of the entered data is kept
together. This enables CABA Win to guide the user through
the test procedure in exactly the same way each time the
breaker is tested, regardless of who did the original testing.
The result is efficiency gains throughout the test process and
more accurate results. Precise comparisons can be confidently
made from one test to the next. All of the test and circuit
breaker data is saved together with the breaker’s unique
test plan. It is also possible to enter the results of manually
conducted tests, and to enter separate comments for the
breaker regarding the test in question. Each breaker is given
a unique identity by means of four individually user-defined
fields. After being organized on the basis of individual circuit
breakers and individual tests, the data can be stored in a
database. A breaker specific test plan is automatically created,
based on the specified test and breaker data. The test plan
controls the individual measurements, the test points that
are to be used, the transducers connected to the different
measurement channels, and the parameters that are to be
calculated. The test plan also specifies the data that is to be
presented graphically and how the results are to be reported.
Description
Effective circuit breaker maintenance requires well-organized,
accurate testing. The ability to accurately compare circuit
breaker tests with previous test results is essential. It is,
therefore, imperative to conduct tests in exactly the same way
and under the same conditions as those conducted earlier.
Comparison can then provide a clear picture of any deviations
and changes, thereby indicating whether or not the circuit
breaker should be kept in operation or taken out of service
for further investigation.
Ordering information
Comprehensive, accurate testing also requires analytical tools
and efficient reporting. It must be possible to validate test
results in detail and then easily compare them with other test
results.
Product
The CABA WinTM (Computer-aided Breaker Analysis) program
has earned a benchmark reputation in circuit breaker analysis.
Test results from earlier versions of CABA are upwards
compatible to CABA Win.
CABA Win
CABA Win can be used with Megger breaker analysers
TM1800, TM1600/MA61 and EGIL. CABA Win organizes all
the test tasks and ensures that measurements are conducted
in the same way for each object being tested. CABA Win
saves the results and generates the report. In the analysis
section, the user can work with a number of graphic windows,
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134
Order code
CABA Win
For TM1800
Incl. Ethernet cross-over cable
For TM1600
Incl. fiberoptics and USB interface
CG-8000X
BL-8203X
CABA Win
For EGIL
Incl. USB cable
BL-8204X
CABA Win upgrade
Upgrade to latest version
CG-8010X
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EGIL
Circuit breaker analyser
SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications
Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to
change without notice.
Environment
Application field
Temperature
Operating
Storage & transport
Humidity
The instrument is intended for use
in medium-voltage substations and
industrial environments.
0 °C to +50 °C (32 °F to +122 °F)
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to +158 °F)
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
CE marking
EMC
LVD
2004/108/EC
2006/95/EC
General
Mains voltage
Power consumption
Dimensions
Instrument
Transport case
Weight
Display
Available languages
115 / 230 V AC (switchable), 50 / 60 Hz
100 VA (max)
360 x 210 x 190 mm
(14.2” x 8.3” x 7.5”)
420 x 300 x 230 mm
(16.5” x 11.8” x 9.0”)
6.3 kg (14 lbs). 10 kg (22 lbs) with
accessories and transport case
LCD
English, German, French, Spanish,
Swedish
Measurement section
Time measurement
Measurement time
Resolution
Number of channels
Time base inaccuracy
Status thresholds
Closed
Resistor
Open
Open circuit voltage
Short circuit current
AUX 1&2
1 to 100 s
0.1 to 10 ms
3 with common ground
0.05% of the reading ± resolution
Number of channels
Contact-sensing (Dry)
2, galvanically isolated
<10 Ω ±20%
10 Ω ±20% to 3 kΩ ±20%
> 3 kΩ ±20%
24 V ±20%
100 mA ±20%
Status thresholds
Closed
Open
Open circuit voltage
< 600 Ω ±30%
> 600 Ω ±30%
20 V ±20% DC
Short circuit current
25 mA ±20%
Voltage sensing (Wet)
Status thresholds
Open indication
Close indication
Working voltage
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<8 V (polarity insensitive)
>13 V (polarity insensitive)
250 V AC / DC
Egil
n
Suitable for testing timing and travel on all circuit breakers with single interrupter per phase
n
n
Extremely easy-to-use and reliable
n
Two separate timing channels for measurement of auxiliary contacts
Analog measurement channels for travel transducers or general voltage/current measurements
n
Static and dynamic resistance measurements along with the SDRM201 optional accessory
Description
EGIL™, which incorporates benefits gained from experience
with our larger instrument, is intended for circuit breakers
with one contact per phase. Smaller and simpler, EGIL is
equally versatile – and EGIL’s price makes it attractive to small
power plants. Moreover, it provides an ideal supplementary
instrument for maintenance departments at large power
companies.
EGIL is designed to test circuit breakers having one main
contact per phase. Its three time channels are connected
together on one side. Events at parallel contacts equipped
with pre-insertion resistors are recorded and displayed
simultaneously. There are two separate time channels for
measurement of auxiliary contacts. To simplify on-site hookup,
EGIL comes with ready-made multi-cable sets for both main
and auxiliary contacts.
Coil currents are measured automatically and presented
together with other readings immediately after testing on
the display window or via the built-in printer. EGIL is easy to
use – a built-in sequencer (program unit) sets the instrument
automatically for the next sequential breaker operation.
Intended primarily for measuring travel (motion), the optional
analog input channel finds many other uses as well. If this
channel is not installed, all associated menu commands are
hidden.
EGIL with the SDRM option together with the SDRM accessory
enables static and dynamic resistance measurements.
EGIL can also be equipped with an optional USB interface for
communication with a PC and the CABA Win™ Circuit Breaker
Analysis Software.
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EGIL
Circuit breaker analyser
Motion (optional)
Current measurement
Range
Resolution
Inaccuracy
Working voltage
±25 A per channel
25 mA
1% of the reading ±100 mA
250 V AC / DC
Breaker operation
Sequences
Continuous current
Max current
Contact function
Contact characteristics
Make/Break capacity
Start breaker operation
Pulse length
Pulse delay
Working voltage
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136
C, O, C-O, O-C, O-C-O
5A
25 A during 300 ms, rest time 1 min
Two independent control functions
Non bouncing, closing time max. 0.1
ms
25 A, 250 V (AC or DC) per contact
function
By rotary switch
Adjustable in steps of 10 ms
Adjustable in steps of 10 ms
250 V AC / DC
Number of channels
Max cable length
1 independent
10 m (33 ft)
Input
Range
Resolution
Inaccuracy
Transducer resistance
Input impedance
-4 V to +4 V
2 mV
1% of the measurement range
1 kΩ to 5 kΩ
150 kΩ
Output
Open circuit voltage
Short circuit current
4,095 V ±4 mV
115 mA
Printout
Type of printout
Printer
Graphic resolution
Paper width
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Graphic and numeric
Thermal printer with fixed print head
8 dots/mm – 203 dpi
114 mm (4.5”)
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EGIL
Circuit breaker analyser
Ordering information
Product
Order code
Product
Order code
EGIL Basic unit
Incl:
BM-19090
Switch magnetic base
XB-39013
Time measurement cables
Cable set for sequencer
Transport case
Cables
GA-00160, GA-00170
GA-00082
GD-00190
Egil with analog input channel and
USB port
Incl:
CABA Win
Time measurement cables
Cable set for sequencer
Transducer cable XLR-open
1 m (3.2 ft)
Transducer cable XLR-XLR
7.5 m (24.6 ft)
Transport case
BM-19093
BL-8206X
GA-00160, GA-00170
GA-00082
GA-00041
Black
GA-00840
Red
GA-00842
Yellow
GA-00844
Green
GA-00845
Blue
GA-00846
Cable sets
The cable sets consist of 8 cables with clamps and 4 mm
stackable safety plugs
GA-00042
GD-00190
Egil with SDRM option and USB port
Incl:
CABA Win
Time measurement cables
Cable set for sequencer
Transducer cable XLR-open
1 m (3.2 ft)
Transducer cable XLR-XLR
7.5 m (24.6 ft)
Transport case
Cable reel
20 m (65.5 ft), 4 mm stackable safety plugs
BM-19095
8 x 5 m, (16.4 ft)
GA-00231
8 x 10 m, (32.8 ft)
GA-00241
8 x 15 m, (49.2 ft)
GA-00251
Extension cables, XLR female to male
BL-8206X
GA-00160, GA-00170
GA-00082
GA-00041
GA-00042
GD-00190
For analog input, 10 m (32.8 ft)
GA-01005
For time measurement of main contacts, 10 m (32.8 ft)
GA-00150
Open analog cable
For customized analog transducer connection
GA-01000
XLR to 4 mm safety plugs
For customized analog transducer connection
GA-00040
Other
Upgrade
VD401
Voltage divider, ratio 400/1
(for TM1600 and EGIL with analog channel)
BL-90070
Optional accessories
Thermopaper, 114 mm, 30 m
GC-00030
CABA Win
Circuit breaker analysis software
Incl. USB cable
Cable organizer, Hook and loop fastener, 10 pcs
AA-00100
BL-8206X
SDRM201
CG-90250
From BM-19090 to BM-19093
BM-90060
From BM-19093 to BM-19095
BM-90073
Extension cables for SDRM201
10 m (33 ft) extension
GA-12810
7.5 m (24.6 ft) extension
GA-12815
Transducers – Linear
TLH 500
XB-30020
LWG 225
XB-30117
TS 150
XB-30030
TS 25
XB-30033
Transducers – Rotary
Novotechnic IP6501
XB-31010
Flex coupling for IP6501
XB-39030
Transducer mounting kits
Universal kits
Rotary transducer mounting kit
For transducers XB-31010 and XB-39130
XB-51010
Universal transducer mounting kit
for linear and rotary transducers
XB-51020
Ready-to-use-kits – Rotary
Incl. transducer XB-31010, mounting kit XB-51010
XB-71010
Transducer mounting accessories
Universal support
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XB-39029
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6
TM1600
Circuit breaker analyser
SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications TM1600
Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to
change without notice.
Environment
Application field
Operating temperature
TM1600
MA61
Storage temperature
TM1600
MA61
Humidity
The instrument is intended for use in
medium and high-voltage substations
and industrial environments.
-20 °C to +50 °C (-4 °F to +122 °F)
-10 °C to +50 °C (+15 °F to +122 °F)
-30 °C to +70 °C (-22 °F to +158 °F)
-30 °C to +85 °C (-22 °F to +185 °F)
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
CE marking
EMC
LVD
TM1600
n
Stand-alone functionality – one toolbox for all breaker testing
n
n
n
Expandable modular concept
General
Mains voltage
Power consumption
Battery operation
Dimensions
TM1600 basic unit
Low-weight
Rugged and reliable for field use
Description
Transport case
The TM1600™ circuit breaker analyser measures a circuit
breaker’s timing cycle. The timing channels record closings
and openings of main contacts, resistor contacts and auxiliary
contacts.
Since the timing channels are not interconnected, you can
take measurements of resistor contacts and series-connected
breaker chambers without having to disconnect them.
A built-in program unit permits easy selection of different
sequences of breaker control pulses. The delay time between
pulses is set on a thumbwheel. The breaker operation unit can
be used to control coil currents of up to 25 A. The time values
obtained refer to the exact instant at which voltage was
applied to the coil, and a built-in printer provides you with a
hardcopy printout immediately after measurement.
The TM1600 can be equipped with up to 24 time-measuring
channels as required by the user. When more than 24 channels
are needed, one or several units can be connected together to
get an unlimited number of measurement channels. Modular
design also makes it easy to combine the system with the
MA61™ Motion Analyser for up to 6 analog channels.
The TM1600 supports communication with the CABA Win™
Breaker Analysis Software. Fully equipped, it weighs only
12 kg (26.5 lbs).
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138
2004/108/EC
2006/95/EC
Weight
TM1600 basic unit
Time-measuring
module
MA61
Transport case
Complete TM1600/
MA61
85-270 V AC or 100-270 V DC (set
automatically), 47-63 Hz
150 W (max)
Built-in battery with automatic charger
400 x 250 x 153 mm
(15.7” x 9.8” x 6.0”)
520 x 485 x 210 mm
(20.5” x 19.1” x 8.3”)
6.5 kg (14.3 lbs)
0.6 kg (1.3 lbs)
1.1 kg (2.4 lbs)
5.1 kg (11.2 lbs)
12 kg (26.5 lbs). 20 kg (44.1 lbs) with
accessories and transport case.
Time measurement
Maximum configuration: 24 time-measuring channels (6 time
measuring modules) or 16 time-measuring channels and six
analog channels (4 time-measuring modules and one MA61).
Range
0 to 6.5 s (up to 1000 s with CABA)
Resolution
0.1 ms
Inaccuracy
0.01% of printed value ±0.1 ms
Start time
Automatic a) when breaker is operated
measurement
from the TM1600, b) when an external
event actuates the trigger input or c)
optionally when the status of any timemeasuring channel is changed.
Trigger input
Independent input with its own voltage
source. Measurement starts when
voltage is detected or when contacts
close. Same data as for time-measuring
channel when it is in the contactmeasuring state or voltage detection
state.
Trigger output
Closing capacity, up to 1 A
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TM1600
Circuit breaker analyser
Breaker operation
Specifications MA61
Contact functions
Contact properties
Sequences
Make / break capacity
No. of channels
Measurement ranges
Transducer resistance
Voltage
Measurement
resolution
Basic inaccuracy
Dynamic errors
Motion
Speed
Time-base inaccuracy
Measurement interval
Two independent contact functions
Bounceless closing. Closing time <0.1 ms
C, O, C-O, O-C, O-C-O
25 A, 250 V (AC or DC) per contact
function
Start breaker operation Locally via rotary switch or remotely by
closing contacts at the opto-isolated
start input.
Time difference
<0.1 ms
between control pulse
and timer start
Pulse delay
Adjustable in steps of 10 ms
Printout
Types of printout
Printer
Graphic resolution
Paper width
A number of different printout formats
are available, both graphic and numeric.
Printout can be obtained in English,
German, French, Spanish, Italian,
Swedish or Finnish.
Thermal printer with fixed print head
8 dots/mm (203 dpi)
114 mm (4.5”)
Sampling
frequency
Display
2, 4, 6
100 Ω to 10 kΩ
-4 to +4 V
0.03% (0.006% optional)
0.5%
1%
3%
0.02%
50, 100, 200, 400 or 1000 ms, user
selectable (up to 200 s with CABA)
1-20 kHz (40 kHz optional)
Back-lit LCD, two 16-character lines
Time-measuring module
No. of channels
Time-measuring
channels
Time-measurement at
main contacts
Time-measurement at
resistor contacts
Voltage detection
Protection of inputs
against transients
Induction protection
4
Each channel is independent of the
others and has its own limited-current
DC voltage source. Each channel can be
set to measure main contacts, resistor
contacts or to detect voltage. The input
circuits are provided with 2.5 kV optoisolators.
0 to 250 Ω. Test voltage is about 25 V.
Measurement current is limited to about
150 mA.
250 Ω to 3 kΩ. Test voltage is about
50 V. Measurement current is limited to
about 30 mA.
12 to 250 V. Detection indicates that
voltage is present. Independent of
polarity. Provides a load of at least 3 W.
All inputs have protective diodes. 18 kW,
8/20 μs between sockets and 4.8 kW,
8/20 μs between socket and ground.
Capacitive discharge to ground.
Max 15 mA per input.
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TM1600
Circuit breaker analyser
Ordering information
Product
Order code
Description
Product
TM1600
Optional Accessories
The TM1600/MA61 breaker analyser system can be
equipped with time-measuring and analog channels as
desired. The TM1600 basic unit includes two rolls of
thermal printer paper, 2.5 m (8.2 ft) power cord, transport
case and ground cable.
Software and application kits
TM1600/4
Basic unit with 4 timing channels
CABA Win
upgrade
CABA Win – Circuit breaker analysis software
CABA Win
BL-39091
TM1600/8
Basic unit with 8 timing channels
BL-39092
TM1600/12
Basic unit with 12 timing channels
BL-39093
TM1600/16
Basic unit with 16 timing channels
BL-39094
TM1600/20
Basic unit with 20 timing channels
BL-39095
TM1600/24
Basic unit with 24 timing channels
BL-39096
Separate module
With four time-measuring channels
BL-19010
Each of the MA61/2-6 includes:
▪▪ One shielded cable/channel, 1 m (3.3 ft) (with female
XLR connectors and bare-wire ends)
▪▪ One shielded cable/channel 7.5 m (24.6 ft), (with male
and female XLR connectors)
▪▪ One shielded cable, 1 m (3.3 ft) with female XLR
connectors an 4 mm safety plugs
incl. fiberoptics and USB interface
BL-8203X
Upgrade to latest version
CG-8010X
Vibration analysis
Vibration kit
The vibration kit extends TM1600
and CABA Win with the equipment
and software required for recording
and analysing vibration signals at a
circuit breaker. The kit includes the
signal conditioning unit SCA606,
the software CABA Win vibration
and one vibration transducer kit. The
vibration solution can be extended
up to 6 channels.
BL-13090
Vibration
transducer kit
Additional vibration transducer kit to
be used together with the
vibration kit. Each vibration
transducer kit includes accelerometer, accelerometer adapter,
cables to SCA606 and cables to
TM1600.
XB-32010
MA61
Synchronized Switching Relay test kit
SSR kit incl.
accessories, software and cables
MA61/2
MA61 basic unit with 2 analog channels
BL-12092
MA61/4
MA61 basic unit with 4 analog channels
BL-12094
MA61/6
MA61 basic unit with 6 analog channels
BL-12096
Separate module
With two analog channels
BL-12010
MA61S
High speed (40 kHz/14 bit) measurement module for
vibration measurements with 2 analogue channels.
BL-12020
TM1600/MA61
SSR kit for TM1600 (incl. VD401)
(delivered in transport case)
BL-91200
Static and Dynamic Resistance Measurement
SDRM202
SDRM202 Pack of
3 units
The SDRM202 uses new patent
pending technology, with ultra
capacitors. The current output is
up to 220 A from a box that weighs
only 1.8 kg (4 lbs). The weight of the
current cables is also low because
the SDRM202 is placed very close to
the circuit breaker.
Timing M/R measurement can be
done with the same hook-up
CG-90200
Pack for CB with 2 Breaks / Phase
CG-90230
7.5 m (24.6 ft)
GA-12815
10 m (33 ft)
GA-12810
TLH 500
500 mm (20”) travel Incl. cable
0.5 m (20”)
XB-30020
LWG 225
225 mm (9”) travel Incl. cable 0.5 m
(20”)
XB-30117
TS 150
150 mm (5.9”) travel Incl. cable
1.0 m (39”)
XB-30030
TS 25
25 mm (1”) travel Incl. cable 1.0 m
(39”)
XB-30033
Extension cable
SDRM202
Basic unit includes two rolls of thermal printer paper, 2.5 m
(8.2 ft) power cord, transport case and ground cable.
Basic unit with 16 time-measuring channels, 2 
analogue channels and CABA Win
Incl. accessories (see MA61)
Order code
Transducers – Linear
BL-39192
Basic unit with 16 time-measuring channels, 4 analog
channels and CABA Win
Incl. accessories (see MA61)
BL-39194
Basic unit with 16 time-measuring channels, 6 analog
channels and CABA Win
Incl. accessories (see MA61)
BL-39098
The above transducers are also available in other lengths,
please contact Megger for more information.
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TM1600
Circuit breaker analyser
Ordering information
Description
Product
Order code
Transducers – Rotary
Product
PIR adapter
Novotechnic
IP6501
Incl. cable 1 m (39”), 6 mm Flex
coupling, Hexagon wrench
XB-31010
Flex coupling for
IP6501
For shaft diam. 6 mm
XB-39030
Rotary transducer
mounting kit
BL-90080
BL-90082
Current sensor kit 1 channel
(Fluke 80i-110s incl. cable
GA-00140)
BL-90600
Current sensor kit 3 channels
(Fluke 80i-110s incl. cables
GA-00140)
Universal
transducer
mounting kit
BL-90610
Thermopaper
114 mm, 30 m
GC-00030
Cable organizer
Velcro straps, 10 pcs.
AA-00100
Current sensor
For transducers XB-31010 and
XB-39130
For linear and rotary transducers
XB-51010
XB-51020
Circuit breaker specific kits
LTB Kit (ABB)
HPL/BLG Kit (ABB)
Incl. mounting kit XB-51010, Software
conversion table
BL-8730X
XB-61010
Order code
PIR2, 90 – 4500 Ω
Transducer mounting kits
Universal kits
Description
Used to test circuit breakers with
pre-insertion resistors when
resistance is lower than 250 Ω or
higher than 3000 Ω. There are two
versions:
PIR, 15 – 250 Ω
For more information about optional accessories please contact Megger.
Incl. mounting kit XB-51010, Software
conversion table
BL-8720X
XB-61020
Ready-to-use kits – Rotary
1-phase kit
Incl. transducer XB-31010, mounting
kit XB-51010
XB-71010
3-phase kit
Incl. 3 x 1-pase kits XB-71010
XB-71013
Transducer mounting accessories
Universal support
XB-39029
Switch magnetic
base
XB-39013
Cables
Cable reel
20 m (65.5 ft),
4 mm stackable
safety plugs
Black
GA-00840
Red
GA-00842
Yellow
GA-00844
Green
GA-00845
Blue
GA-00846
Extension cables,
XLR female to
male
For analog input, 10 m (32.8 ft)
GA-01005
Open analog
cable
For customized analog transducer
connection
GA-01000
XLR to 4 mm
safety plugs
For customized analog transducer
connection
GA-00040
Voltage divider, ratio 400/1 (for
TM1600 with analog channel)
BL-90070
Other
VD401
Www.megger.com
141
6
TM1800
Circuit breaker analyser system
test object. A full keyboard and 8” color screen is the front
end of the high-level user interface. The Select-ConnectInspect workflow guides you to fast results in three steps.
Testing is made easier to learn and perform.
The system also offers full connection capability to the local
network, printers etc.
Testing with DualGround
Electricity deregulation changes the business environment
for utilities, switchgear owners and service companies.
Deregulation has been shown to lead directly to increased
emphasis on efficiency of operations, maintenance and service
levels. Internationalization of business brings new challenges:
substantial investments by global corporations will bring with
them sharper or new requirements for increased emphasis
on health, safety and environmental compliance. Experience
TM1800
n
Stand-alone functionality – one toolbox for all breaker testing
n
n
Expandable modular concept
n
n
has also shown demands for shorter time periods for testing,
while the switchgear is less and less available to be taken out
of service.
The safety aspect
Safer testing – DualGround™, test circuit breakers with both sides grounded
Network operators and service companies need to
maintain and develop their industry safety record. Eminent
Designed for off-line and on-line measurement
International bodies including the IEEE® and IEC®, National
Rugged and reliable for field use
Safety agencies and Trade Unions increases the demands on
safety. During the deregulation applicable safety regulations
Description
have been clarified and the application of existing rules has
The TM1800™ is the instrument platform for circuit breaker
tightened. Keeping a good safety record is becoming a crucial
maintenance, based on more than 20 years’ experience
asset in attracting investors and customers.
of over 4,000 delivered breaker analysers. The modular
In all substations capacitive coupling from live high voltage
construction makes it possible to configure the TM1800
conductors induces harmful/lethal currents in all parallel
for measurements on all known types of circuit breakers in
conductors. Grounding both sides of the test object will lead
operation on the world market.
the induced current to earth and provide a safe area for the
The robust design contains powerful technology that
test personnel. See figures below on next page.
streamlines circuit breaker testing. Sophisticated
Both sides grounded
measurement modules enable great time savings as many
The best way to provide safety in circuit breaker testing is to
parameters can be measured simultaneously, eliminating the
keep both sides of the circuit breaker grounded throughout
need for new setup each time.
the test. This will also make the test faster and easier.
The patented DualGround™ testing using the new DCM
Minimum time shall be spent in the substation and focus shall
module makes the testing safe and time saving, by keeping
be on the test rather than the equipment.
the circuit breaker grounded on both sides throughout the
The DualGround™ testing method is available for all tests on
test. The DCM module uses a measuring technology called
all circuit breakers.
Dynamic Capacitive Measurement.
Timing M/R uses the patented Active Interference Suppression
Basic unit
to obtain correct timing and accurate PIR (Pre-Insertion
The modularized design makes it very flexible to user needs
Resistor) values in high voltage substations.
and enables reconfiguration for new demands and upgrade
An adaptive, easy-to-use software suite supports activities
from timing, simply turning a knob without the need for
presetting, to advanced help functions for hooking up to the
6
142
with new functionality. You can configure TM1800 to a
complete test set tailor made for your specific needs. The
firmware, CABA Local, guides you to efficient circuit breaker
testing. All inputs and outputs on the TM1800 and the
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
TM1800
Circuit breaker analyser system
modules are designed to withstand the harsh environment in
high-voltage substations and industrial environments.
With built-in protection circuits and software-designed
protection the TM1800 has a good guard to influences
and even failures caused by over-voltages generated in the
environment.
The HDD module is a part of the basic unit and contains the
hard drive with all data and software setup. It can easily be
removed and changed.
„„Eight
user configurable slots for modules
„„Temperature
„„Trig
sensor connection
inputs and outputs
„„Outputs
„„Earth
for warning signal and DRM
Testing is much safer using the DCM module and DualGround.
(Ground) connection
„„Communication
interfaces (USB, Ethernet, etc)
Conventional vs. DualGround
Site preparation (isolate work
Site preparation (isolate work
area, apply safety ground, issue area, apply safety ground, issue
permit to work)
permit to work)
Hook up test equipment. Issue
Hook up test equipment. Issue
sanction for test
sanction for test
Authorised person removes the Risky step left out
ground
Perform testing
Safe testing with both sides
grounded
Authorised person applies
Risky step left out
ground
Cancel sanction for test. Discon- Cancel sanction for test. Disnect test equipment
connect test equipment
Site closing (cancel permit to
Site closing (cancel permit to
work, disconnect ground)
work, disconnect ground)
„„Contact
resistance
„„Timing
„„Motion
„„SDRM
„„Vibration
MJÖLNER /
SDRM202
TM1800 with DCM
TM1800
TM1800 with
SDRM202
CABA Win Vibration
/ SCA606
Equipment and methods that support DualGround™ testing
are associated with the DualGround symbol. This symbol
certifies the use of ground-breaking technology and methods
that enable a safe, fast and easy workflow with both sides
grounded throughout the test.
Www.megger.com
With only one side grounded the induced current can reach
values high enough to be harmful or lethal for humans.
The basic unit is only equipped with the HDD module. Add
modules to the configuration that supports your needs.
143
6
TM1800
Circuit breaker analyser system
Digital module
Optional accessories
With digital transducers motion and other measurements
Transducers (rotary digital)
See Accessories pages for more
details.
become even more accurate, faster and easier. The digital
module enables use of incremental rotary or linear
transducers, for measuring e.g. motion, velocity and damping
characteristics of circuit breakers.
„„Six
channels per module
„„Incremental
transducers with RS422
„„Up
to ±32000 pulses resolution
„„Up
to 20 kHz sampling
Timing Aux module
Expands the TM1800 system with timing inputs for measuring
any auxiliary contact on the circuit breaker. It measures
3 cable sets, 5 m (16 ft)
Optional accessories
timing, polarity insensitive, of both dry and wet contacts for
example timing of spring charging motor, anti-pump relay etc.
„„Six
Including
Standard cable sets are used as
extension cables: GA-00870
channels per module
„„Polarity
„„Dry
insensitive
and wet auxiliary contacts
Printer module
Including
The Printer module offers a convenient and practical way of
Paper spool (Thermopaper)
making printouts of test results in the field. The printouts
Optional accessories
contain both numerical and graphical results and printer
templates delivered pre-installed in the TM1800 are easy to
adapt to suit specific needs for a clear and complete report of
Thermopaper: GC-00040
See Accessories pages for more
details.
all tested parameters.
„„Thermal
„„Paper
printer sensitive line dot method
width 114 mm (4")
„„Printing
speed 50 mm/s (400 dot lines/s)
HDD module
The HDD module is a part of the basic unit. Storage of all
set-up, user customization and measurement data is done
in the HDD module. The module is easily replaced e.g. when
different users are sharing one TM1800 and want individual
setups, data and configurations.
„„Change
set-up, user customization, measurement data by
changing HDD module
„„Easy
6
to remove during transportation
144
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TM1800
Circuit breaker analyser system
Optional accessories
Product
Description
Order code
Software and application kits
incl. Ethernet cross-over cable
CABA Win
upgrade
Upgrade to latest version
Baumer
CG-8000X
CG-8010X
Vibration
channel
Order code
BDH16.05A3600-LO-B
Incl. cable 10 m (33ft), 10/6 mm Flex
coupling, Hexagon wrench
XB-39130
Transducer mounting kits
Universal kits
Vibration analysis
Vibration kit
Description
Rotary - Digital
CABA Win – Circuit Breaker analysis software
CABA Win
Product
The vibration kit extends TM1800 and
CABA Win with the equipment and
software required for recording and
analyzing vibration signals at a circuit
breaker. The kit includes the signal
conditioning unit SCA606, the software CABA Win Vibration and
one vibration channel. The vibration
solution can be extended up to 6
channels.
Rotary transducer mounting
kit
For transducers XB-31010 and
XB-39130
Universal transducer mounting
kit
For linear and rotary transducers
XB-51010
XB-51020
Circuit breaker specific kits
BL-13090
Additional vibration channel to
be used together with the vibration
kit. Each vibration channel includes
accelerometer, accelerometer adapter,
cables to SCA606 and cables to
TM1800.
XB-32010
LTB Kit (ABB)
Incl. mounting kit XB-51010, Software
conversion table BL-8730X
XB-61010
HPL/BLG Kit
(ABB)
Incl. mounting kit XB-51010, Software
conversion table BL-8720X
XB-61020
Ready-to-use kits – Rotary – Analog
1-phase kit
Incl. transducer XB-31010,
mounting kit XB-51010
XB-71010
Synchronized Switching Relay test kit
3-phase kit
Incl. 3 x 1-pase kits XB-71010
XB-71013
SSR kit
Ready-to-use kits – Rotary – Digital
Incl. accessories, software and cables
(delivered in transport case)
CG-91200
1-phase kit
Incl. transducer XB-39130,
mounting kit XB-51010
XB-71020
The SDRM202 uses new patent pending
technology, with ultra capacitors. The
current output is up to 220 A from a
box that weighs only 1.8 kg (4 lbs). The
weight of the current cables is also low
because the SDRM202 is placed very
close to the circuit breaker. Timing M/R
measurement can be done with the
same hook-up
CG-90200
3-phase kit
Incl. 3 x 1-pase kits XB-71020
XB-71023
SDRM202 Pack
of 3 units
Pack for CB with 2 Breaks / Phase
3 DCM cables, 12 m (39 ft, 6 Clamps
Extension cable
SDRM202
7.5 m (24 ft)
GA-12815
TM1800 DCM
3-channel
addition
10 m (33 ft)
GA-12810
TM1800 DCM
3-channel
extension cable
3 DCM extension cables, 10 m
(33 ft) GA-00999
Cable reel
20 m (65.5 ft),
4 mm stackable
safety plugs
Black
GA-00840
Red
GA-00842
Yellow
GA-00844
Green
GA-00845
Blue
GA-00846
Extension
cables,
XLR female to
male
For analog input, 10 m (32.8 ft)
GA-01005
The above transducers are also available in other lengths,
please contact Megger for information.
Open analog
cable
For customized analog transducer
connection
GA-01000
Rotary - Analog
XLR to 4 mm
safety plugs
For customized analog transducer
connection
GA-00040
Digital transducer extension
cable
RS422, 10 m (33 ft)
Open digital
cable
For customized digital transducer
connection
GA-00885
L & L digital
cable
For using Leine & Linde 530 digital
transducer
GA-00890
Static and Dynamic Resistance Measurement
SDRM202
CG-90230
Transducers
Linear
TLH 500
LWG 225
TS 150
TS 25
500 mm (20”) travel Incl. cable 0.5 m
(20”)
225 mm (9”) travel Incl. cable 0.5 m
(20”)
150 mm (5.9”) travel Incl. cable 1.0
m (39”)
25 mm (1”) travel Incl. cable 1.0 m
(39”)
XB-30020
Universal
support
XB-39029
Switch magnetic
base
XB-39013
Cables
XB-30117
XB-30030
XB-30033
Novotechnic
IP6501
Incl. cable 1 m (39”), 6 mm Flex
coupling, Hexagon wrench
XB-31010
Flex coupling
For IP6501, shaft diam. 6 mm
XB-39030
Www.megger.com
Transducer mounting accessories
CG-19180
CG-19181
For Timing M/R modules, 10 m
(32.8 ft)
GA-00851
GA-00888
145
6
TM1800
Circuit breaker analyser system
Baumer digital
cable
For using Baumer digital
transducer
Ethernet cable,
network
Cable for connection to network/LAN
GA-00895
GA-00960
Other
Current sensor
Current sensor kit 1 channel
(Fluke 80i-110s incl. cable
GA-00140)
BL-90600
Current sensor kit 3 channels
(Fluke 80i-110s incl. cables
GA-00140)
BL-90610
Temperature
sensor
With the temperature sensor
the ambient temperature is
automatically recorded with
each measurement and stored
together with the test result.
The temperature becomes a
parameter in CABA Win. The
temperature sensor should be placed
in the shade. Suitable cable is the
Analog cable, 10 m GA-01005.
Range: -20 °C to +50 °C (-4 °F to
+122 °F),
Resolution: 0.5 °C (0.9 °F)
CG-90070
Thermopaper
114 mm, Ø 40 mm
GC-00040
Soft case
Made from sturdy nylon fabric
GD-00340
Cable
organizer
Velcro straps, 10 pcs.
AA-00100
For more information about optional accessories please contact Megger.
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146
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TM1800
Circuit breaker analyser system
TM1800 – Configurations
Order code
TM1800 Basic Unit
CG-19090
CB testing example
„„No
testing is possible. Modules have to be
ordered separately.
TM1800 Standard
CG-19290
CB testing example
„„One
common operating mechanism
„„Two
breaks per phase
„„One
travel motion
TM1800 Standard – for
DualGround
CG-19292
CB testing example
„„With
both sides grounded
▶▶
One common operating mechanism
▶▶
Two breaks per phase
▶▶
One travel motion
DCM-cables x 6
TM1800 Expert
CG-19294
CB testing example
„„Three
operating mechanisms
„„6
auxiliary, 6 coil currents, 6 station battery
voltages
„„Four
breaks per phase
„„Three
„„6
travel motions
independent auxiliary contacts
TM1800 Expert – for DualGround
CG-19296
CB testing example
„„With
both sides grounded
▶▶
Three operating mechanisms
▶▶
6 auxiliary, 6 coil currents, 6 station battery
voltages
▶▶
Four breaks per phase
▶▶
Three travel motions
▶▶
6 independent auxiliary contacts
DCM-cables x 12
Www.megger.com
147
6
TM1800
Circuit breaker analyser system
Ordering information
Product
Order code
TM1800 – Separate items
CG-19090
Control Module (3 independent contacts)
Including:
3 cable sets, 5 m (16 ft), GA-00877
CG-19030
Timing M/R Module (6 channels + 6 PIR)
Including:
3 cable sets, 5 m (16 ft) total length,
2 m (6.5 ft) spread, GA-00850
CG-19080
DCM Module
Including:
3 DCM-cables, 12 m (39 ft)
CG-19190
DCM Module
Including:
6 DCM-cables, 12 m (39 ft)
CG-19192
Analog Module (3 channels)
Including:
3 cable sets, 10 m (33 ft), GA-01005
CG-19000
Digital Module (6 channels)
CG-19040
Timing Aux Module (6 channels)
Including:
3 cable sets, 5 m (16 ft), GA-00870
CG-19060
Printer Module
Including:
Paper spool, GC-00040
CG-19050
See Optional accessories, pages 10- 11
CABA Win
See separate datasheet for CABA Win.
IPS-CBEX
IPS CBEX is a database for circuit breakers and can be
purchased as a stand alone software or as a server version
and also as a attractively priced package together with
TM1800 Expert.
For more information please visit our web site or contact
customer service.
6
148
Order code
TM1800 – Configurations
TM1800 Basic Unit
Complete with: HDD module, CABA Local,
Transport case, USB Memory
Optional accessories
Product
CG-19290
TM1800 Standard
Including:
CG-19090
CG-19030
CG-19080
CG-19000
CG-8000X
TM1800 Basic Unit
TM1800 Control Module
TM1800 Timing M/R Module
TM1800 Analog Module
CABA Win - TM1800
1
1
1
1
1
TM1800 Standard – for DualGround testing
Including:
CG-19090
CG-19030
CG-19080
CG-19192
CG-19000
CG-8000X
TM1800 Basic Unit
TM1800 Control Module
TM1800 Timing M/R Module
TM1800 DCM Module
TM1800 Analog Module
CABA Win - TM1800
CG-19292
1
1
1
1
1
1
TM1800 Expert
Including:
CG-19090
CG-19030
CG-19080
CG-19000
CG-19060
CG-8000X
CG-19294
TM1800 Basic Unit
TM1800 Control Module
TM1800 Timing M/R Module
TM1800 Analog Module
TM1800 Timing AUX Module
CABA Win - TM1800
1
2
2
1
1
1
TM1800 Expert – for DualGround testing
Including:
CG-19090
CG-19030
CG-19080
CG-19192
CG-19000
CG-19060
CG-8000X
TM1800 Basic Unit
TM1800 Control Module
TM1800 Timing M/R Module
TM1800 DCM Module
TM1800 Analog Module
TM1800 Timing AUX Module
CABA Win - TM1800
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
CG-19296
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
SDRM202
Static / dynamic resistance measurement
SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications SDRM202
Inaccuracy is specified for 1 year after calibration at 22 °C to
28 °C, relative humidity 90%. Specifications are valid after 30
minutes warm up time. Specifications are subject to change
without notice.
Environment
Application field
Installation category
Pollution degree
Temperature
Operating
Storage & transport
Vibration
Shock (non-operating)
Degree of protection
SDRM202 (Box) and SDRM
Cable interconnected
Humidity
The instrument is intended for use
in high-voltage substations and
industrial environments.
CAT I
2
-20 °C to +50 °C (-4 °F to +122 °F)
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to
+158 °F)
IEC 60068-2 - 6
2 g for 5 - 500 Hz
IEC 60068-2-27
30 g, half-sine, 11 ms
IP 43
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
CE-marking
LVD
EMC
2006/95/EC
2004/108/EC
General
Dimensions
Weight
Total incl. transport case
with accessories
SDRM Cable
160 x 240 x 90 mm
(6.3”x 9.4”x 3.5”) excl. binding
posts
1.8 kg (4 lbs)
4.3 kg (9.5 lbs) incl. current cables
11 kg (24 lbs)
0.2m (0.7 ft), 0.7 kg (1.5 lbs)
SDRM202
n
n
n
Small and light weight
intervals
Enables resistance measurement on circuit breakers
A number of operations can be run with short waiting Description
The SDRM202 is an accessory for TM1800, TM1600 and EGIL.
EGIL must be equipped with the SDRM option and CABA Win
version R03A or higher is needed.
The SDRM202 is intended to use for both static and dynamic
resistance measurements (SRM and DRM) on high voltage
SDRM202 – Terminals
CURRENT OUTPUT terminals 1 and 2
circuit breakers or other low resistive devices. Used together
Open circuit
Short circuit current (max)
Instantaneous
After 2 seconds
Minimum current with cables
voltage-drop across the circuit breaker contacts are measured.
2.5 V DC (max)
with TM1800, TM1600/MA61 or EGIL the current and also the
The measuring unit can thus calculate the resistance as a
500 A DC
150 A ±10%
function of time.
Instantaneous
200 A DC
an SDRM Cable which comes in three versions; for TM1800,
After 1 second
140 A DC
TM1600 and EGIL respectively. The SDRM Cable is a small box
Overvoltage protection
45 V between terminals and
between terminals and ground
Not to be connected to circuits generating peak power pulse
above 1500 W (10/1000 µs)
A system consists of an SDRM202 unit with current cables and
with integrated cables for connection to the SDRM202 and to
TM1800, TM1600 or EGIL.
SDRM Cable – Terminals
TM1800/TM1600/EGIL
ANALOG INPUT terminals I1 and I2
Voltage (max)
Voltage
Short circuit current (max)
Www.megger.com
12 V DC
10 V / 250 A (TM1800, EGIL)
1 V / 250 A (TM1600)
100 mA
149
6
SDRM202
Static / dynamic resistance measurement
SRM inaccuracy
TM1800/TM1600
EGIL
1% ±1 μΩ
(2% ±2 μΩ)
TM1800/TM1600
DRM OUTPUT terminal / TRIG terminal
Voltage
Trig threshold
Trig current at trig threshold
60 V DC (max)
9 V (min) 10 V (max)
40 mA (max)
Power inlet
24 V / 2.5 A
Voltage
Current
24 V DC (max) 21 V DC (min)
2.5 A (max 50% intermittence)
Ordering information
Product
Order code
SDRM202 for TM1800
CG-90200
SDRM202 for TM1800
Pack of 3 units (CG-90200) for circuit breaker with 2
Breaks/Phase
CG-90230
SDRM202 for TM1600
CG-90210
SDRM202 for EGIL
CG-90220
Optional accessories
Extension cable for CG-90200 and CG-90210
10 m (33 ft) extension
GA-12810
7.5 m (24.6 ft) extension
GA-12811
Separate SDRM Cables
6
150
SDRM Cable for TM1800
CG-90205
SDRM Cable for TM1600
CG-90215
SDRM Cable for EGIL
CG-90225
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E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
VIDAR
Vacuum interrupter tester
Applications
The VIDAR vacuum tester is used to test the ability of the VI in
a vacuum circuit to inhibit flashover. The rugged, lightweight,
compact and portable VIDAR is ideal for field work and shop
floor applications.
The VI in vacuum breakers does not last forever. Leakage
starts after years or decades and the interrupters fill with air
making the breaker unreliable. In most cases, the leakage
process is rapid once it has started. In addition to leakage, dirt
on the poles and on the exterior surface of the interrupter
can make it unsafe during operation. The mechanics of the
breaker can become misaligned so that the distance between
the poles is no longer adequate. VIDAR uses high voltage DC
to test the integrity of vacuum breakers.
VIDAR
n
n
n
Small and light weight
intervals
Enables resistance measurement on circuit breakers
A number of operations can be run with short waiting Description
When a vacuum circuit breaker is commissioned or undergoes
routine tests, it is very important to be able to ascertain
whether or not the Vacuum Interrupter (VI) is intact before
Connection diagram for the VIDAR
putting it back into operation.
VIDAR enables you to check the integrity of the vacuum
interrupter quickly and conveniently by means of the known
relationship between the flashover voltage and the vacuum
interrupter. A suitable test voltage (DC) is applied to the
breaker, and the result is known immediately.
VIDAR permits you to select among test voltages from 10 to
60 kV DC. One of these voltages is customized and specified
by the customer when ordering. A green lamp indicates
approval of the VI. A red lamp indicates that it is defective.
Two-hand control and a high-voltage warning lamps enhances
safety.
VIDAR has been developed in close collaboration with leading
manufacturers of vacuum circuit breakers. It weighs only
about 6 kg (15 lbs), and it is easy to use since interrupters do
not have to be dismounted for testing. VIDAR is therefore
ideal for use in the field or shop floor applications.
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6
VIDAR
Vacuum interrupter tester
Flashover threshold voltage
The curve shown in Fig. 1 illustrates the relationship between
log Ud
the VI’s internal pressure and its ability to inhibit flashover.
This relationship permits the vacuum to be checked indirectly
A
Up
by measuring the voltage threshold. One special advantage of
this method is that you do not need to disassemble the circuit
B
breaker in order to test it.
The voltage is selected so that test point A is sufficiently far
from point B (when the chamber is filled with air). However,
the electric stress in the chamber must not be too high. In
pp~10-2mbar
normal situations, the pressure is less than 10-2 mbar.
For guidance on test voltage refer to IEC 694 and ANSI C37-06
standards
p
po
Pp
Interrupter pressure
Atmos. pressure
Max. pressure on passing voltage test
Ud
Up
po log p
Breakdown voltage
Test voltage
Fig. 1: Flashover threshold voltage plotted against pressure in
vacuum interrupter.
Features and Benefits
1. High voltage cable. For connection of the test voltage and
ground to the vacuum breaking chamber.
3. HIGH-VOLTAGE warning lamp. Shows that the high
voltage is applied.
2. CANCEL lamp. Lights up when:
4. Test voltage selector. 10 to 60 kV DC. One of these
voltages is customized and specified by the customer when
ordering.
•the test interval has exceeded one minute.
•you try to conduct a one minute test less than two
minutes after the latest test.
5. Protective earth (ground) terminal.
6. Large test clip connectors – provides for quicker connection
and more efficient testing process
•the HIGH-VOLTAGE indicator malfunctions.
7. TEST Safety control knobs. Both knobs must be turned
simultaneously to apply high voltage to the test object.
1
7
6
152
2
8
3
4
9
5
6
8. ACCEPTABLE green lamp. Lights up when the breaking
chamber test result is positive.
9. DEFECTIVE red lamp. Lights up when the breaking
chamber test result is negative, when the flashover
threshold voltage is too low.
7
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VIDAR
Vacuum interrupter tester
SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications VIDAR
Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to
change without notice.
Environment
Application field
The instrument is intended for use in
medium and high-voltage substations
and industrial environments.
Temperature
Operating
0 °C to +50 °C (32 °F to +122 °F)
Storage & transport
Humidity
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to +158 °F)
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
CE-marking
LVD
EMC
2006/95/EC
2004/108/EC
General
Mains voltage
Power consumption
Protection
Dimensions
Instrument
Transport case
Weight
115 / 230 V AC (switchable), 50 / 60 Hz
69 VA (max)
Overload cut-out
250 x 210 x 125 mm
(9.8” x 8.3” x 4.9”)
460 x 430 x 210 mm
(18.0” x 17” x 8.3”)
6.9 kg (15.5 lbs)
10.7 kg (23.6 lbs) with accessories and
transport case
Measurement section
Indicators
Green lamp
Indicates an approved breaking chamber
Red lamp
Indicates a defect breaking chamber,
lights up if the current exceeds 0.3 mA
Indicate that the test was interrupted
Yellow lamp
Output
Standard voltages,
switchable
Customized voltage
Ripple
10, 14, 25, 40 and 60 kV DC
Between 10 and 60 kV DC. Determined
at the factory. Default voltage is 50 kV.
Max 3%
Ordering information
Www.megger.com
Product
Order code
VIDAR
Included accessories:
Permanently mounted cable set 5 m (16 ft),
ground cable and transport case (GD-00030)
BR-29090
153
6
B10E
AC/DC voltage power supply
to operate, and the built-in thermal cutout and overload
protector make it safe to use. The B10E has been developed
in collaboration with breaker manufacturers and testing
personnel.
Application
The B10E is a portable self contained test set designed
specifically for use in substations and industrial locations. The
B10E is intended for testing medium and high-voltage power
circuit breakers. Using the latest technology the B10E uses a
ripple free variable DC voltage to operate breaker coils, and
charging motors to ascertain the condition of these devices
with respect to the manufacturer’s original specifications.
B10E
n
Reliable and stable power supply for circuit breaker testing
n
n
Continuously variable 24-250 V AC or DC output
Separate outputs for close coil, trip coil and spring charging motor voltage
n
n
Direct triggering for minimum trip voltage testing
sequence
Testing the minimum trip voltage of a breaker.
Operate with a breaker analyzer for efficiency in testing Description
A variable DC voltage is needed to test a circuit breaker.
Substation batteries should not be used since this entails
considerable risk for testing personnel, testing equipment and
also for the equipment being tested. The best way to ascertain
whether or not solenoids and protective mechanisms are
sluggish or working properly is to perform a test at minimum
tripping voltage. The minimum trip voltage test is described
in international and national standards such as IEC 62271-100,
ANSI C37.09 etc.
B10E can be used to test breaker coils in this manner. It
provides a ripple-free variable DC voltage that can easily
accommodate a high, variable load.
Since there is a separate output for supplying spring-charging
motors, the B10E is ideal for testing circuit breakers where
auxiliary voltage is not connected or available.
The compact Power Supply Unit B10E provides reliable
assistance to those who do maintenance on high-voltage
breakers. The control panel’s intuitive layout makes it easy
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B10E
AC/DC voltage power supply
SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications B10E
Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to
change without notice.
Environment
Application field
Temperature
Operating
Storage & transport
Humidity
The instrument is intended for use in
medium and high-voltage substations
and industrial environments.
0 °C to +50 °C (32 °F to +122 °F)
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to +158 °F)
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
CE-marking
EMC
LVD
2004/108/EC
2006/95/EC
General
Mains voltage
115 / 230 (135 / 250) V AC, 50 / 60 Hz
Power consumption (max) 3300 W
Protection
Dimensions
Instrument
Transport case
Weight
Test lead set, with 4 mm
stackable safety plugs
Display
Thermal cut-outs, +80 °C (+176 °F)
Short-circuit protectors at DC outputs
350 x 270 x 220 mm
(13.8” x 10.6” x 8.7”)
610 x 290 x 360 mm
(24.0” x 11.4” x 14.2”)
20.8 kg (45.8 lbs)
29.3 kg (64.6 lbs) with accessories and
transport case
2 x 0.25 m (0.8 ft), 2.5 mm²
2 x 0.5 m (1.6 ft), 2.5 mm²
8 x 2 m (6.6 ft), 2.5 mm²
LCD
Measurement section
Voltmeter – digital
Range
Resolution
Inaccuracy
Current shunt
0 – 300 V DC, 0 – 300 V AC
1V
±1% of displayed value, DC
±2.5% of displayed value, AC
5 A / 50 mV ±0.5% (built-in)
Outputs (DC), CATII
COIL, CLOSING/BREAKING
Output voltage
Load interval
Ripple
24-300 V DC
Max 1 s (at currents over 50 mA)
2% peak-to-peak of the preset
voltage
No-load voltage (V) Current (A)
Load dependency
24
10
<6 %
48
10
<3 %
110
7.9
<2 %
250
3
<2 %
300
1.25
<2 %
Outputs (AC), CATII
COIL, CLOSING/BREAKING
Output voltage
24-300 V AC
Load current
Max 5 A
Load interval
Max 30 min
Output DC, CATII
MOTOR
Output voltage
Open circuit
voltage (V)
44
48
48
24-300 V DC (loaded)
Current
Load voltage Max load
(A)
(V)
interval (s)
18
24
20
12
40
60
18
30
20
120
120
240
240
12
18
6
9
90
70
200
185
60
20
60
20
Max voltage: Terminals to protective earth (ground)
Terminal
Voltage
Coil closing, AC & DC
300 V AC
Coil breaking, AC & DC
300 V AC
Motor
250 V AC
Shunt
250 V AC
Trigger closing
250 V AC
Trigger breaking
250 V AC
Ordering information
Www.megger.com
Product
Order code
B10E
Included accessories:
Cable set GA-00032
Transport case GD-00182
BG-29092
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6
MS-2A
Circuit breaker and overcurrent relay test set
SPECIFICATIONS
Input
Input Voltage (specify one)
120 V OR 240 V, 50/60 Hz, 1φ
Output
The output is continuously
adjustable in four ranges to
accommodate a variety of testcircuit impedances:
Output Ranges
MS-2A
n
n
n
n
0 to 5 A at 120 V max.
0 to 25 A at 24 V max.
0 to 120 A at 6 V max.
0 to 240 A at 3 V max.
Output Capacity
The output circuit is designed to
permit short-duration overloads
and the output ranges will provide
several times their current rating,
provided the output voltage is
sufficient to push the desired
current through the impedance of
the test circuit.
The test set is capable of testing
the time-delay characteristics of
devices rated up to 125 A using
a test current of three times their
rating (375 A). Additionally, to
perform an instantaneous trip test,
it will provide 750 A through a
typical, 125 A, molded-case circuit
breaker connected with the test
leads provided with the test set.
Overload Capability
To increase use of the test set, it
is designed so that the current
ratings may be exceeded for
short durations. Because the
magnitude of the output current is
determined by the impedance of
the load circuit, the voltage rating
must be sufficient to push the
desired current through
the device under test and the
connecting test leads.
Light weight, portable primary injection test instrument
Overcurrent relay testing
Ground fault performance testing for NEC 230.95
Circuit breaker testing
Description
The MS-2A test set is used around the world by several
thousand utility companies, industrial plants and electrical
service organizations.
The MS-2A is a self-contained test set that incorporates a
variable high-current output and appropriate control circuitry
and instrumentation for testing thermal, magnetic or solidstate motor overload relays, molded-case circuit breakers,
ground-fault trip devices and overcurrent relays.
Percent Rated
Current
Maximum
Time On
Minimum
Time Off
of overcurrent relays, motor overload relays and molded-case
100 (1x)
30 min
30 min
circuit breakers rated up to 125 amperes, when following the
200 (2x)
3 min
8 min
recommended test procedure of testing the time delay of
300 (3x)
30 s
4 min
The MS-2A is capable of testing the time-delay characteristics
these devices at three times their rating.
Higher currents are available for the short durations required
to test an instantaneous trip element. For example, the test
set will provide a maximum short-duration output of 750
amperes through a typical, 125 ampere, molded-case circuit
breaker.
6
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MS-2A
Circuit breaker and overcurrent relay test set
Specifications continued
Output Initiate Circuit
The test set uses a solid-state
output initiating circuit. To increase
reliability and eliminate contact
maintenance, this circuit uses a
triac instead of a contactor to
initiate the output. The initiating
circuit provides momentary and
maintained modes to control
output duration. The momentary
mode is used whenever the
output is to be on for a short
duration, such as when performing
instantaneous trip tests, or to
avoid damage or overheating of
the device under test while setting
the test current. In the maintained
mode, the output remains
energized until manually turned off
or, when performing timing tests,
until the device under test operates
— which both stops the timer and
de-energizes the output.
Timer Control Circuit
This circuit automatically starts the
timer when the output is energized
and automatically stops the timer
and de-energizes the output when
the device under test operates.
This circuit accommodates the
following test conditions by simple
switch selection of the appropriate
mode:
Current Actuated
Used to test a device that has no
auxiliary contacts to monitor, such
as a single-pole circuit breaker.
The timer stops when the output
current is interrupted.
Normally Closed
Used to test a device with normally
closed contacts. The timer stops
and the output is de-energized
when the contacts open.
Normally Open
Used to test a device with
normally open contacts. The
timer stops and the output is deenergized when the contacts close.
Enclosure
The test set is housed in a high
strength, molded, suitcase-type
enclosure with carrying handle and
removable cover. Storage space is
provided for test leads.
Standards
CE marked
EN 61326-2-1
EN 61010-1
EN 61010-031
Instrumentation
Ammeter
Operating Modes
(switch-selected)
Memory
Normal
Display
31/2 digit, extra-bright LED display
with 0.3 in. (7.62mm) numerals
Ranges (switch-selected)
0 to 1.999/19.99/199.9/750 A
ContinousAccuracy (overall
ammeter system)
±1% of reading, ±1 digit on three
high ranges
±1% of range, ±1 digit on low
range
Timer
Display
5-digit, extra-bright, LED display
with 7.62mm (0.3 in.) numerals
Ranges (switch-selected)
0 to 99.999 s
0 to 999.99 s
0 to 99999 cycles
Accuracy
±0.005% of reading, ±1 digit
Mechanical data
Dimensions
25 H x 35 W x 28 D cm
(9.9 H x 14 W x 11 D in.)
Weight
15 kg (33 lb)
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
Model MS-2A
115 volt input
MS-2A-115
230 volt input
MS-2A-230
Included accessories
Test lead, red, 200 cm [2]
620143
Test lead, black, 200 cm [2]
620144
Alligator clip, red [2]
684006
Alligator clip, black [2]
684007
Test and maintenance record cards
Green [50]
2239
Buff [50]
No. 2 high-current leads, 0.6 m (2 ft) [2]
2238
620155
Fuses
0.125 A, 250 V, MDL [5]
Instruction manual [1]
Www.megger.com
981
750026
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6
OCR-8015 and OCR-9150
Automatic oil circuit recloser test sets
The following tests are performed on reclosers.
Minimum trip current: This test determines the minimum
operating (pickup) point. The minimum pickup test is
performed by increasing current flow through the operating
coil of the recloser until the recloser begins to operate.
The microprocessor in either unit will detect, measure and
display the test current at this point. This is the pickup and is
usually two times the current rating of the coil.
Time-current characteristics: This test determines the
operating characteristics of the recloser under simulated fault
conditions. The time-current characteristics and sequence
of events tests are performed by subjecting the recloser to
OCR-8015 and OCR-9150
simulated overloads using a recommended test current of four
to six times the coil rating.
n
Preprogrammed test sequences for reclosers and
sectionalizers
n
n
n
n
High-capacity outputs to test virtually all reclosers
well as the total clearing time, are all automatically measured
Accurate duplication of high-voltage test results
by the test sets. OCR-9150 has the additional capability to test
Simple operation and precise test results the time-current characteristics by simulating overloads as
The current, trip time and reclose time for each operation, as
high as eight to ten times the continuous current rating.
Simplified adjustment of test current
Sequence of operation: The units verify the number and
Description
sequence of operations to lockout.
The OCR-8015 and OCR-9150 automatic oil circuit recloser test
sets are self-contained mobile test sets specifically designed
Operating time: A digital timer measures the elapsed time of
each operation.
to verify the proper operation of automatic circuit reclosers
under simulated overload and fault conditions. This ensures
Reclosing time: A digital timer measures the reclosing interval
reliable system protection and coordination. Microprocessor-
between each operation.
based control and instrumentation systems ensure simple
Total clearing time: A digital timer measures the total elapsed
operation with precise test results. OCR-8015 and OCR-9150
time to lockout.
provide a variable high-current output with an impedance
Similar tests can be performed on electronically controlled
compensation network to stabilize the output current.
reclosers using primary injection testing. Primary injection not
They include appropriate instrumentation and control circuitry
only tests the electronic control, but also checks the entire
to efficiently, accurately and safely test virtually all single-
system including the CTs, control cable, auxiliary solenoids or
phase and three-phase direct-acting reclosers produced by
wiring connections.
manufacturers such as Cooper Power Systems, Inc., McGrawEdison (Kyle, Line Material), Westinghouse, General Electric,
Kearney, and Lexington Switch and Controls.
These test sets can also be used to perform a lockout test on
sectionalizers. The lockout test is automatically performed
by a special programmed test sequence that automatically
Applications
applies and removes activating current to the sectionalizer.
The automatic oil circuit recloser test sets not only test
the sectionalizer should go through its normal sequence
reclosers incorporating either oil or vacuum interrupters, but
to lockout. The number of current pulses required to reach
also easily test sectionalizers. Additionally, they can perform
lockout is compared to the sectionalizer nameplate data.
primary injection (high-current) testing of electronically
controlled reclosers.
This simulates the upstream operation of a recloser; therefore,
OCR-8015 and OCR-9150 can also be used for other highcurrent applications such as ratioing current transformers,
performing heat runs or testing direct-acting circuit breakers.
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OCR-8015 and OCR-9150
Automatic oil circuit recloser test sets
SPECIFICATIONS
Specification continued
Input
Input Voltage
(Single-Phase)
Order Code
Input
Frequency
OCR-8015-208/60
208 V ±5% at 150 A
230 V ±5% at 150 A
460 V ±5% at 40 A
575 V ±5% at 35 A
60 Hz
OCR-8015-220/50
220 V ±5% at 150 A
224 V ±5% at 150 A
380 V ±5% at 40 A
415 V ±5% at 35 A
50 Hz
OCR-9150
460 V ±5% at 150 A
60 Hz
Impedance Compensation
Network
Output
Output Rating
Model OCR-8015
15 kVA
Model OCR-9150
50 kVA
Rated Output Ranges
The output is continuously
adjustable through the following
ranges to meet a wide variety of
test circuit impedances:
OCR-8015
OCR-9150
0 to 2000 A at 7.5 V max.
0 to 1500 A at 10 V max.
0 to 1000 A at 15 V max.
0 to 500 A at 30 V max.
0 to 250 A at 60 V max.
0 to 100 A at 150 V max.
0 to 50 A at 300 V max.
0 to 25 A at 600 V max.
0 to 2800 A at 18 V max.
0 to 2000 A at 25 V max.
0 to 1400 A at 36 V max.
0 to 1000 A at 50 V max.
0 to 700 A at 71.5 V max.
0 to 500 A at 100 V max.
0 to 350 A at 143 V max.
0 to 250 A at 200 V max.
0 to 150 A at 334 V max.
0 to 100 A at 500 V max.
0 to 50 A at 1000 V max.
Duty Cycle
The test sets will supply the rated
output current indicated above
for 30 minutes, followed by 30
minutes off.
Overload Capability
For testing reclosers or for other
applications requiring high
current for short durations, the
test sets will provide output
currents significantly above the
nominal current ratings given
above. Where the output voltage
is sufficient to push higher than
the rated current through the
impedance of the load, the test
sets can be overloaded as shown
below. The actual output current
obtained is determined by the
impedance of the load circuit
and by the resistance selected
in the impedance compensation
network.
Percent Rated
Maximum On Time
Minimum Off Time
100%
30 minutes
30 minutes
200%
75 seconds
6 minutes
300%
25 seconds
4 minutes
This product
is not available for sale in the European
Economic Area
Www.megger.com
This circuit is used to minimize
the change in output current
that occurs when the trip rod
travels through the series trip coil
of the recloser, causing the coil
impedance to rise appreciably.
A reasonably constant output
current is provided by inserting
resistance in the primary circuit of
the output transformer of the test
set. This will minimize the effects
of changing impedances within
the recloser. The appropriate
impedance compensation
resistance is selected by a switch
mounted on the front panel.
Timer Measurements
An autoranging, solid-state timing system with digital display is
incorporated to provide individual indication of the elapsed time of each
sequence of the recloser’s operation. Operating (trip) times, reclosing
intervals and total time to lockout are indicated.
Figure 1: With no impedance compensation
network, a recloser with a 50 ampere coil
and an initial test current of 210 amperes
operated in 2.641 seconds — three times
the manufacturer’s specifications.
Timer Ranges (autoranging)
Figure 2: With an impedance
compensation network, a
recloser with a 50 ampere
coil and an initial test current
of 210 amperes operated in
0.783 of a second with no
significant current decay.
The result was well within the
manufacturer’s specifications.
0 to 999.9 s
0 to 9999 cycles
Timer Accuracy
Seconds Mode
±1 digit or 0.005% of reading,
whichever is greater
Cycles Mode
±2 digits or 0.005% of reading,
whichever is greater
Current Measurements
A microprocessor-based circuit automatically detects, measures and
displays the minimum pickup current. Additionally, a solid-state ammeter
with digital display is specifically designed to accurately measure shortduration currents using a read- and-store memory circuit. It also will
function as a standard ammeter that continuously measures the output
current. Current measurements for each operation of the recloser under
test are stored by the microprocessor until displayed or reset.
0 to 19.99 A
0 to 199.9 A
0 to 1.999 kA
0 to 19.99 kA
Ranges (switch-selected)
Each range has an over-range
capability of 10%. In the event a
current measurement exceeds the
range in use, measurement can be
made of currents up to 10% over
that range’s full-scale rating.
Overall Metering Accuracy
Instrument
±0.5% of reading ±0.1% of full
scale ± last digit
Current Transducer
±1% of reading
159
6
OCR-8015 and OCR-9150
Automatic oil circuit recloser test sets
Panel indicators
Panel lamps are incorporated for operator safety and convenience. They
indicate numerous conditions such as input power on, output energized,
excessive shots and excess time.
Accessory outlet
A ground fault protected, 120 volt outlet with a capacity of 1.2 kVA is
provided for convenient connection of accessory equipment.
Operator safety interlock system
A safety interlock system, in conjunction with a foot switch, is
incorporated to prevent the operator from leaving the control area of the
test set. This helps to prevent accidental contact between the operator
and the output section.
Output connections
Busbar connections are provided for high-current ranges and insulated
terminals are provided for high-voltage ranges.
Protection
Appropriate protective devices are incorporated to protect the test sets
from overloads and short circuits.
Enclosure
For safety and mobility, each test set is housed in a single, rugged, sheetmetal enclosure with a low center of gravity, tow ring, lifting eyes and
large locking swivel casters with brakes. To increase the maneuverability,
all four casters swivel; however, they also can be easily locked into a fixed
position when desired. Controls and instrumentation are positioned so
the operator can simultaneously observe the recloser under test.
Dimensions
OCR-8015
114 H x 135 W x 66 D cm
(45 H x 53 W x 26 D in.)
OCR-9150
114 H x 152 W x 71 D cm
(45 H x 60 W x 28 D in.)
Weight
OCR-8015
500 kg (1100 lb)
OCR-9150
729 kg (1620 lb)
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
OCR-8015
208 volt, 60-Hz input
OCR-8015-208/60
220 volt, 50-Hz input
OCR-8015-220/50
OCR-9150
OCR-9150
OCR-8015
with computer interface option
208 volt, 60-Hz input
OCR8015-208/60C
220 volt, 50-Hz input
OCR8015-220/50C
OCR-9150
with computer interface option
OCR-9150/C
Included accessories
Input cables, 4/0, 4.5 m (15 ft) [2]
17163
Output cables
Single 4/0 [1 pr]
1531
Double 4/0 [1 pr]
1532
Timer leads [1 pr]
2997
Optional accessories
RS232 and printer port conversion kit
Protective cover, OCR-8015 only [1]
6
160
12563
PC-1
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Optional Accessories
Linear transducer, LWG 150
The SDRM Cable is in three versions; for TM1800, TM1600
and EGIL. This picture shows the version for TM1800.
Linear transducer, TLH 225
Linear transducer, TS 25
Switch magnetic base
The red current cables are 3.0 m (9.8 ft) and the black ones are
0.5 m (1.6 ft).
Cable set GA-00032
Www.megger.com
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6
Optional Accessories
SDRM Cable
Rotary transducer, Novotechnic IP6501 (analog)
Rotary transducer, Baumer BDH (digital)
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Optional Accessories for EGIL
Cable reels, 20 m (65.5 ft), 4 mm stack-­able safety plugs
The SDRM201 is intended to use for both static and dynamic
resistance measurements (SRM and DRM) on high voltage
circuit breakers or other low resistive devices
Multicable sets GA-00160 and GA-00170 and
cable set GA-00082
The SDRM Cable
Transducer cables GA-00041 and GA-00042
Extension cable XLR,
GA-01005
Extension cable XL,
GA-00150
Current cables for SDRM201, the red cable is 3.0 m (9.8 ft) and
the black one is 0.5 m (1.6 ft)
Www.megger.com
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6
Earth Resistance
Testers
Megger has more than 50 years experience of designing and building earth resistance
testers. The latest generation is CATIV rated, and they have tough moulded cases.
7
7
164
Selection guide.......................................................................................... 165
Technical information................................................................................. 166
DET3TD 2 and 3 pole earth tester.............................................................. 178
DET3TC ART enabled 3 pole tester............................................................. 179
DET4TC2 and DET4TCR2 2, 3 and 4 pole earth tester (stakeless)................ 180
DET4TD2 and DET4TR2 2, 3 and 4 pole earth tester................................... 181
DET14C and DET24C earth resistance clamp testers................................... 182
DET2/2 auto earth tester............................................................................ 183
Ground testing methods chart................................................................... 184
Optional accessories................................................................................... 185
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
SELECTION GUIDE
DET3TD
DET3TC
DET4TD2
DET4TR2
DET4TC2
DET4TCR2
Stakeless testing
Stakeless testing with optional test
clamps
ART (Attached Rod Technique) with
optional clamp
n
Selectable test frequency
n
n
n
n
n
n
Earth voltage range 0 to 100 V
n
n
n
n
n
n
2-wire testing
n
n
n
n
n
n
3-wire testing
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
4-wire testing
Dry cell batteries
n
n
n
n
Recharging socket
n
Rechargeable batteries
n
Backlit display
Digital display
n
n
n
n
DET14C
DET24C
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Downloadable test results
n
Earth current range 0.2 mA to 35 A
Earth current range 0.5 mA to 19.9 A
(with optional measuring clamp)
PowerDB Lilte included
Www.megger.com
n
n
Test result storage
Resistance range
DET2/2
n
0.1 to
2 kΩ
0.1 to
2 kΩ
n
n
0.1 to
20 kΩ
0.1 to
20 kΩ
0.1 to
200 kΩ
0.1 to
200 kΩ
n
n
n
n
n
n
0.05 to
1500 kΩ
0.05 to
1500 kΩ
0.010 to
19.99 kΩ
n
165
7
Getting down to earth
Earth resistance testing is an essential procedure that underpins the
safety of electrical installations. Unfortunately it has a reputation
for being complicated, inconvenient and difficult to perform, with
difficulties in some circumstances of obtaining accurate results.
All of these issues are addressed by the latest range of earth
resistance testers from Megger, which has been extended to include
a model powered from rechargeable batteries and versions with
variable test frequency.
In addition, the maximum resistance that can be measured has been
increased ten fold for all models, and you can specify additional
options when purchasing test kits.
For demanding applications requiring maximum versatility, Megger
offers the DET4TC2 tester, which is powered from standard AA
batteries; and the DET4TCR2 tester, which uses rechargeable
batteries. The DET4TCR2 has an integral charger, and is supplied
complete with a mains adaptor.
These instruments support two-, three- and four-pole testing, as
well as Attached Rod Technique (ART), stakeless, leakage current
and earth noise voltage measurement. They also let you select the
test frequency from one of four options –
94 Hz, 105 Hz, 111 Hz and 128 Hz – making it easy, even in difficult
situations, to choose a frequency which minimises the effects of
interference.
Also available are the new DET4TD2 and DET4TR2 testers, the
Ask for your copy of ‘Getting Down To Earth’, an 80 page
comprehensive guide to earth resistance testing.
former being designed for use with replaceable batteries, the latter
with rechargeable cells. Fully supporting the most popular earth
resistance test methods – two-, three- and four-pole testing – these
very competitively priced instruments are an ideal choice for use
where the exceptional versatility of the DET4TC2 models is not
needed.
Megger’s new earth resistance testers are offered in a wide range of
kit options. Basic kits include the instrument, a tough, hard carrying
case, a stake and wire kit (15 m, 10 m, 10 m and 3 m lengths) and
for rechargeable models, a mains unit. Adaptor kits replace the
stake and wire kit with right-angle terminal adaptors to connect
bare wires to terminals. Also offered for the DET4TC2 models are
kits for ART and stakeless testing.
All accessories are available separately which means that users can if
they wish, select the most appropriate combination to suit their own
particular needs rather than opting for a pre-configured kit.
7
166
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
The complete range of earth testers
2 terminal ground electrode testing
Use where the resistance between a conducting part, such as
building steelwork and the ground electrode needs to be measured,
or where site conditions means that test stakes are impractical.
This test is performed using the same a.c. source as the 3 pole test
method and as such may not be suitable for bonding checks as
specified by local regulations. All of the new Megger earth testers
can perform this test and no external linking on the instrument is
required.
Stakeless measurement or clamp ground
electrode testing
This technique is suitable for connected ground electrodes and
lightning systems as it relies on an existing complete circuit with
the soil to take its measurement. No disconnection is required; the
DET14C or DET24C is simply placed around the conductor where
it generates the signal in the circuit using magnetic induction and
then calculates the resistance. They have the added benefit of being
able to measure earth current. Care is needed in the application of
these instruments to ensure that the circuit under test is valid.
4 terminal testing for soil resistivity testing
High resolution earth testing
A high resolution to 1 mA is required to measure resistivity
Testing soil resistivity is a fundamental part of earth system design,
to adequate depth on many substation and communication
providing the raw data on which the design is based. Factors
sites. Measurement of the low earth values required on many
affecting soil resistivity include soil composition, temperature
installations, to meet Ground Potential Rise (GPR) requirements need
and moisture content, which can vary with the seasons. Periodic
this resolution to ensure valid results. Superior noise filtering greater
checking of the soil is necessary to ensure that seasonal variations
than 40 V peak to peak retains measurement resolution under real
are within the design parameters of the system. The DET4TD2
test conditions.
features 4 pole testing for soil resistivity and includes a kit of four
stakes and wires.
3 terminal testing ground electrode testing
The classic methods of testing earth electrode resistance based
on fall of potential are used both at installation time and also for
periodic checking the condition of the electrodes. Unfortunately
soils that have low resistivity are often corrosive to electrodes,
making regular checking important. All the new family of Megger
earth testers allow you to perform this test and include stake and
wire kits as standard.
Attached rod technique (ART)
Testing earth electrodes in existing installations using standard
three pole methods normally involves the disconnection of the
electrode under test to avoid the influence of parallel paths. These
parallel paths are created by the earthing system of the installation
or by other ground electrodes forming the ground system. Using
the Megger DET3TC ground tester with the ICLAMP allows you to
measure the individual earth electrode resistance, using traditional
fall of potential methods, but without disconnection of the electrode
under test.
Www.megger.com
167
7
DET3TD
2 and 3 pole earth tester
SPECIFICATIONS
Spike check
C spike check
Automatic
P spike check
Automatic
Noise
Noise check
Automatic
Noise rejection
40 V peak to peak
Wire test
2-wire test
Yes
3-wire test
Yes
Resistance
Resistance accuracy
2% ±3 digits
Resistance range
0.01 to 2000 Ω
Maximum probe resistance
Rp limit
100 kΩ (50 V output voltage)
Rc limit
100 kΩ (50 V output voltage)
Limits reduced to 50 kΩ for 25 V output voltage
Limits reduced to 5 kΩ for 0.01 Ω resolution on 18 Ω range
Voltage, frequency and current
DET3TD
n 2 and 3 pole testing
nSelectable 25 V or 50 V output
n Complete with lead and stake kit
n Simple one button operation
n Hardwearing carry case
n Delivered with calibration certificate
Earth voltage accuracy
2% ±2 V
Earth voltage range
0 - 100 V a.c.
Test voltage
5 V or 50 V, user selectable
2
(factory setting 50 V)
Test frequency
128 Hz
Test current
450 μA or 4.5 mA
Display
LCD
Power supply
Battery type
8 off AA cells
Description
Battery life
3 hours or 700 consecutive tests
Electrical contractors choose DET3TD because it is simple
Operating temperature range
-15 ºC to +55 °C
to use and robust. Capable of performing 2 and 3 pole
Storage temperature range
-40 ºC to +70 °C
measurements, this instrument is ideal for testing both
Environment
installation and lightning protection ground electrode
Ingress protection
systems.
Safety
Temperature range
IP54
IEC61010-1 CAT IV 100 V
The instrument is tough in every way, built to work in the
EN61557-1, EN61557-5
toughest of outside conditions, and built to give you a high
EMC
level of electrical safety. This is demonstrated by specifications
IEC61326-1
such as IP54 ingress protection, high noise immunity, and
Mechanical data
CAT IV safety.
Dimensions (H x W x D)
203 mm x 148 mm x 78 mm
Weight
1 kg
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Digital tester 2 and 3 terminal
Order Code
DET3TD
Included accessories
Hard carry case
Stake and wire kit
Optional accessories
Right angled terminal adaptor set
6220-803
2 replacement earth test spikes
(200 mm, 80 mm dia.)
6220-804
3 replacement test leads (15 m, 10 m, 3 m)
6220-805
‘Getting down to earth’
A Megger guide to earth testing
Black crocodile clip
7
168
21500-072
6220-850
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
DET3TC
ART enabled 3 pole earth tester
SPECIFICATIONS
Spike check
C spike check
Automatic
P spike check
Automatic
Noise
Noise check
Automatic
Noise rejection
40 V peak to peak
Wire test
2-wire test
Yes
3-wire test
Yes
No disconnect testing (ART)
Yes, with optional ICLAMP
Earth current
Earth current range with ICLAMP
0.5 mA to 19.9 A
Earth current accuracy
5% ±3 digits
Resistance
Resistance range
0.01 to 2000 Ω
Resistance accuracy
2% ±3 digits
Maximum probe resistance
Rp limit
100 kΩ (50 V output voltage)
Rc limit
100 kΩ (50 V output voltage)
Limits reduced to 50 kΩ for 25 V output voltage
Limits reduced to 5 kΩ for 0.01 Ω resolution on 18 Ω range
Voltage
Earth voltage range
0 - 100 V a.c.
Earth voltage accuracy
2% ±2 V
Display
LCD
Power supply
Battery type
8 x AA cells
Temperature range
Operating temperature range
-15 ºC to +55 °C
Storage temperature range
-40 ºC to +70 °C
Environment
Ingress protection
IP54
DET3TC
n 2 and 3 pole testing
nSelectable 25 V or 50 V output
n Complete with lead and stake kit
n Simple one button operation
n Hardwearing carry case
n Delivered with calibration certificate
Description
Electrical contractors choose DET3TC because of its simplicity
and robustness. Capable of performing 2 and 3 pole
measurements, this instrument is ideal for testing both
installation and lightning protection ground electrode
Safety
systems. The DET3TC, with the addition of an ICLAMP adds
IEC61010-1 CAT IV 100 V
the capability of performing ART (Attached Rod Technique)
EN61557-1, EN61557-5
measurements, removing the need to disconnect a single
EMC
electrode from a system to measure it.
IEC61326-1
Mechanical data
Dimensions (H x W x D)
203 mm x 148 mm x 78 mm
Weight
1 kg
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Digital tester 2 and 3 terminal
Order Code
DET3TC
Included accessories
Hard carry case
Stake and wire kit
Optional accessories
Current measuring clamp
6220-803
2 replacement earth test spikes
(200 mm, 8 mm dia.)
6220-804
3 replacement test leads (15 m, 10 m, 3 m)
6220-805
‘Getting down to earth’
A Megger guide to earth testing
Black crocodile clip (1)
Www.megger.com
ICLAMP
Right angled terminal adaptor set
21500-072
6220-850
169
7
DET4TC2 and DET4TCR2
2, 3 and 4 pole earth testers (stakeless)
SPECIFICATIONS
Noise
C stake, P stake and Noise check
Automatic
Noise rejection
40 V peak to peak
Testing
2-wire, 3-wire, 4-wire test
Yes, no shorting links required
No disconnect testing (ART)
Yes, with ICLAMP
Stakeless measurement
Yes, with ICLAMP and VCLAMP
Instrument output
25 V or ±50 V at 94 Hz,
±
105 Hz, 111 Hz and 128 Hz
Voltage
Current
4.5 mA or 0.45 mA or 0.045 mA
Earth current range with clamp
0.5 mA to 19.9 A
Earth current accuracy
5% ±3 digits
DET4TC2 and DET4TCR2
Earth voltage range
0 to 100 V a.c.
Earth voltage accuracy
2% ±2 V
n 2, 3 and 4 pole testing
nStakeless measurements
nUser selectable test frequency
n Dry cell or rechargeable battery versions
nUser selectable output voltage
nSimple one button operation
Resistance
Description
Rp limit
200 kΩ (50 V output voltage)
Rc limit
200 kΩ (50 V output voltage)
The DET4TC2 and its rechargeable counterpart the DET4TCR2
Limits reduced to 100 kΩ for 25 V output voltage
are advanced ground testers offering advanced features to
Limits reduced to 5 kΩ for 0.01 Ω resolution
contractors and utilities alike. Capable of performing 2, 3, and
Power supply
4 pole measurements, these instruments are ideal for testing
Battery type:
both ground electrode systems, and soil resistivity.
DET4TC2
8 AA (LR6) cells
Offering all the advantages of the DET4TD2 and DET4TR2,
DET4TCR2
AA (LR6) NiMH
8
rechargeable cells
Resistance range
0.01 Ω to 200 kΩ
Resistance accuracy
2% ±3 digits
ART measurements
5% ±3 digits
Stakeless measurements
7% ±3 digits
Maximum probe resistance:
benefits are further enhanced with the addition of an ICLAMP
Temperature range
and VCLAMP. The ICLAMP will allow the user to perform ART
(Attached Rod Technique) measurements, removing the need
to disconnect a single electrode from a system to be able to
Storage temperature range
-40 °C to +70 °C
Operating temperature range
-15 °C to +55 °C
Environment
measure it. Using both an ICLAMP and a VCLAMP will add
Ingress protection
the capability to perform stake-less measurements, just like
Safety
a clamp-on ground tester, ideal for locations where driving
auxiliary stakes is not practical. DE4TC2 also includes variable
Complies with the requirements of IEC61010-1 100 V CAT IV between
terminal pairs
test frequency allowing you to move away from problem
EMC IEC61326-1
noise frequencies, and it has extended resistance ranges
Mechanical data
which extends soil resistivity capabilities.
Dimensions (H x W x D)
203 mm x 148 mm x 78 mm
Weight
1 kg
IP54
ORDERING INFORMATION
1000-345
1000-346
DET4TC2
+ CLAMPS
1000-365
Hard carry case
n
n
n
n
n
n
Stake and wire kit (15 m, 10 m, 10 m, 3 m)
n
n
n
n
n
n
Right angle terminal adaptors (to connect bare wires to terminals)
n
n
n
n
n
n
Product and order code
n feature
£ option
DET4TC2
DET4TCR2
External AC/DC charger
n
DET4TCR2
+ CLAMPS
1000-366
DET4TC2
+ KIT
1000-404
DET4TCR2
+ KIT
1000-405
n
n
ICLAMP (for ART testing)
£
£
n
n
n
n
VCLAMP (adds stakeless testing)
£
£
n
n
n
n
Field calibration check for instrument and CLAMPS
£
£
n
n
n
n
Separate professional earth testing kit (2 x 50 m,
2 x 30 m, 4 auger stakes, tape measure, in hard carry case)
£
£
£
£
n
n
PowerDB Lite software
n
n
n
n
n
n
7
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T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
DET4TD2 and DET4TR2
2, 3 and 4 polel earth testers
SPECIFICATIONS
Noise
C spike, P stake and Noise check
Automatic
Noise rejection
40 V peak to peak
Wire test
2-wire, 3-wire test, 4-wire test
Yes, no shorting links required
Instrument output
Voltage
± 25 V or ± 50 V at 128 Hz
Current
4.5 mA or 0.45 mA
Resistance
Resistance range
0.01 Ω to 20 kΩ
Earth voltage range
0 - 100 V
Resistance accuracy
2% ± 3 digits
Maximum probe resistance:
Rp limit
100 kΩ (50 V output voltage)
Rc limit
100 kΩ (50 V output voltage)
Limits reduced to 50 kΩ for 25 V output voltage
Limits reduced to 5 kΩ for 0.01 Ω resolution
Earth voltage
Earth voltage range
0 to 100 V a.c.
Earth voltage accuracy
2%±2V
Display
31⁄2 digit high contrast liquid crystal
Power supply
DET4TD2 and DET4TR2
n 2, 3 and 4 pole testing
n Selectable 25 V or 50 V output
n Dry cell or rechargeable battery versions
nSimple one button operation
n Robust carry case
n Delivered with calibration certificate
Description
Battery type:
DET4TD2
8 AA (LR6) cells
The DET4TD2 and its rechargeable counterpart the DET4TR2
DET4TR2
8 AA (LR6) NiMH rechargeable cells
are a popular choice with contractors due to their simplicity
Temperature range
Operating temperature range
-15 ºC to +55 ºC
Storage temperature range
-40 ºC to +70 ºC
and robustness. Capable of performing 2, 3, and 4 pole
measurements these instruments are ideal for testing both
ground electrode systems, and soil resistivity.
Environment
Ingress protection
These instruments are built to work in the toughest of outside
IP54
Safety
conditions, and engineered to give the user a high level of
Complies with the requirements of IEC61010-1 100 V CAT IV between
terminal pairs
electrical safety. This is demonstrated by specifications such
Mechanical data
Dimensions (H x W x D)
203 mm x 148 mm x 78 mm
Weight
1 kg
as IP54 ingress protection, high noise immunity, and CAT IV
safety.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
DET4TD2
1000-347
DET4TR2 (rechargeable)
1000-324
Included accessories
Hard carry case
Stake and wire kit (15 m, 10 m, 3 m)
Right angle terminal adaptors
(to connect bare wires to terminals)
External AC/DC charger (rechargeable version only)
PowerDB Lite software
Optional accessories
Replacement hard carry case
5410-429
Replacement earth test stakes (x2)
(for included kit 200 mm, 8 mm dia.)
6220-804
Www.megger.com
Product
Order Code
Replacement earth test leads (x4)
for included kit (15 m, 10 m, 10 m, 3 m)
6220-806
Replacement external AC/DC charger
(DET4TR2 only)
6280-370
Calibration check box (25 Ω)
6220-824
Right angle terminal adaptor set
6220-803
Black crocodile clip (1)
6220-850
Professional earth testing kit (2 x 50 m, 2 x 30 m,
4 auger stakes, tape measure, in hard carry case)
6320-245
Vehicle 12 V socket charger
(rechargeable versions only)
6280-375
‘Getting down to earth’
A Megger guide to earth testing
21500-072
171
7
DET14C and DET24C
Earth resistance clamp testers
SPECIFICATIONS
General
Conductor size
50 mm tapes, 39 mm Ø
approximately
Battery type
4 x 1.5 V IEC LR6/AA alkaline
Display type
4 digit and 6 digit alpha-numeric
with backlight
Range selection
Automatic with each mode
Data logging
DET14C 256 records
DET24C 2048 records
Data downloading (DET24C only)
Opto-coupled IrDA-USB interface
Battery life
24 hours (50 Ω lead) continuous
testing (whilst measuring resistance)
Sampling time
0.5 seconds typical
Temperature and humidity
Temperature range:
n
Elliptical clamp shape improves access to earth cables
and straps up to 50 mm
-40 ºC to 70 ºC
Operating humidity
Less than 85% RH
Storage humidity
Less than 75% RH
Environment
Ingress protection
n Low maintenance flat jaw interface
n Measures ground resistance from 0.05 Ω to 1500 Ω
n Measures true RMS ground leakage current from IP40 with jaws closed
Safety
IEC 61010-2-032
CAT IV 600 V
0.02 mA rms to 35 A rms
EMC
n CAT IV 600 V safety rating
n Backlit LCD display
Class B compliant, IEC 61326, BSEN 61326
Mechanical data
Description
The DET14C and DET24C represent a new generation of
earth/ground clamp-on resistance testers. These instruments
induce a test current into earth systems and measure ground
resistance in multi ground installations without needing to
disconnect the ground. They offer access through elliptical jaw
design and short body length to reach into connection wells,
with advanced features, simple operation and CAT IV 600 V
safety rating.
Designed with flat core ends they prevent dirt build up,
ensuring measurement integrity and improved reliability.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
-20 ºC to 55 ºC
Storage temperature
Humidity:
DET14C and DET24C
Operating temperature
Order Code
DET14C Digital earth test clamp-on meter
1000-761
DET24C Digital earth test clamp-on meter
1000-762
Dimensions (H x W x D)
235 mm x 85 mm x 65 mm
Weight
960 g approximately
Resistance measurement
Ground resistance
range
Resolution
Instrinsic certainty
0.05 - 0.99 Ω
0.01 Ω
±1.5% 0.05 Ω
1.00 - 9.999 Ω
0.01 Ω
±1.5% ±0.1 Ω
10.0 - 99.99 Ω
0.1 Ω
±2.0% ±0.5 Ω
100.0 - 199.9 Ω
0.1 Ω
±3.0% ±1 Ω
200 - 400 Ω
1Ω
±5.0% ±5 Ω
400 - 600 Ω
1Ω
±10% ±10 Ω
600 - 1200 Ω
10 Ω
±20%
1200 - 1500 Ω
10 Ω
±35%
Current measurement (RMS)
Included accessories (DET14C and DET24C)
Carry case
1001-715
Carrying strap (wrist loop)
1001-716
User guide CD-ROM
1001-198
Resolution
Instrinsic certainty
0.20 – 0.99 mA
0.01 mA
±2.0% ±0.05 mA
1001-498
1.00 – 9.99 mA
0.01 mA
±2.0% ±0.05 mA
25511-841
10.0 – 99.9 mA
0.1 mA
±2.0% ±0.1 mA
Included accessories (DET24C)
100 – 999 mA
1 mA
±2.0% ±1 mA
USB IrDA dongle
90001-434
1.00 – 99.9 A
0.01 A
±2.0% ±0.01 A
1000-576
10.0 A - 35 A
0.1 A
±2% ±0.1 A
Calibration check
Battery AA (alkaline) (4 required)
PowerDB Lite software
7
172
Current range
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
DET2/2
Auto earth tester
SPECIFICATIONS
Resistance
Earth resistance range
,010 Ω to 19,99 kΩ (auto-ranging),
0
1 mΩ resolution
Accuracy
(23 °C ±2 °C) ±0,5% of reading
±2 digits
Service error
5% of reading ±2 digits ±10 mΩ
±
(meets VDE service error over 50 mΩ)
Test
Test frequency
05 to 160 Hz reversing d.c.
1
(50 Hz operation default to 128 Hz,
60 Hz operation default to 150 Hz)
Set in steps of 0,5 Hz
Test current
0 mA max (selectable high and low
5
levels)
Maximum output voltage
< 50 V r.m.s.
Maximum Interference
T ypically 40 V peak-to-peak
(50/60 Hz, sinusoidal nature)
Display
Alphanumeric LCD (130 mm x 35 mm) giving test information and a large
(20 mm) 31⁄2-digit reading)
Temperature and humidity
DET2/2
±0.1% per °C over the
<
temperature range -10 ºC to +40 °C
n High resolution 1 mΩ is ideal for large ground systems
nHigh accuracy for earth electrode and soil resistivity
Operating
-10 ºC to +40 °C
Storage
-20 ºC to +60 °C
n Test voltage 50 V max. for safety
nRechargeable battery power with long battery life and
Temperature coefficient
Temperature range:
Humidity:
Operating
testing
rapid re-charge
90% RH max. at 40 °C
n A robust, versatile instrument with IP54 protection
nFilter and high current features to enable valid earth
Ingress protection
IP54
Flash test
3 kV a.c.
Voltage withstand
In the event of a system fault, the
instrument will withstand 240 V a.c.
applied between any two terminals
Environment
testing in difficult situations
Description
The DET2/2 is the instrument of choice for those performing
Power supply
measurements on larger, more complex grounding systems
Internal
including communications grounding systems and difficult
Rechargeable, sealed lead-acid battery
testing environments. The instrument is suitable for soil
12 V (nominal), 2,6-Ah capacity
resistivity measurements, which are used to establish the
Battery voltage over which basic accuracy is maintained is 11,0 to 13,5 V
optimum ground system location and design.
Battery life
pproximately 5 hours continuous
A
use
The instrument provides 1 mΩ resolution down to 10 mΩ,
ideal for the largest of ground systems, whilst the adjustable
test frequency, test current level and filtering may allow
adverse conditions influencing the test to be overcome.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Auto earth tester
Order Code
DET2/2
Included accessories
6171-728
6310-755
Comprising carrying case and pouch containing:
Four galvanised steel spikes (‘L’ shape) 10 mm dia.
x 350 mm long
30 m of cable on a winder
50 m of cable on a winder
Two 3 m leads complete with connectors and clips
Hammer
Reel of cable, 50 m
Www.megger.com
Order Code
Optional accessories
Earth testing kit
Mains supply lead for battery charging
Operating instruction book
Product
6121-119
173
7
GROUND TESTING METHODS CHART
*Method
Best Applications
Advantages
Limitations
Fall of Potential
Small electrode systems (1 or 2
rods/plates); complex systems if full
resistance curve is plotted
Requires long distances (and long test
Extremely reliable; conforms to IEEE
leads) to the test probes on medium and
81; operator has complete control of
large systems, time consuming and labour
test set-up
intensive
Simplified Fall of Potential
Small and medium electrode systems
Easier to carry out than full Fall of
Potential; much faster
Ineffective if the electrical centre is
unknown, less accurate than full Fall of
Potential method as fewer measurements
are being made
61.8% Rule
Simplest to carry out; minimal
Small and medium electrode systems calculation, fewest number of test
probe moves
Assumes perfect conditions; ineffective if
electrical centre is unknown; soil must be
homogeneous; less accurate
Slope
Large earth ground systems such as
substations
Knowledge of electrical centre not
necessary; long distances to test
probes not necessary
Susceptible to non-homogeneous soil;
less accurate, requires maths
Intersecting Curves
Large earth ground systems such as
substations
Knowledge of electrical centre not
necessary, long distances to test
probes not necessary
Numerous calculations and drawing of
curves
Dead Earth (Two Point)
Not recommended
Quick and simple to perform
Problems of possible resistance overlap;
non-metallic (high resistance) return
Star Delta
Ground systems located in
congested urban areas and/or rocky
terrain where probe positioning is
difficult
Long distances for test probe
positioning not necessary
Resistance areas should not overlap a
number of calculations required
Four Potential
Medium to large earth ground
systems
Knowledge of electrical centre not
necessary
Long distances to test probes is still
required, a number of calculations
required
Clamp-On
Simple earth ground system with
Quick, easy; includes bonding and
existing return path through multiple
overall connection resistance
grounds
Effective only in situations with multiple
grounds in parallel; susceptible to noise;
no basis in standards; no built-in proof
PowerDB Lite is included with all Megger DET4 range, DET14C and DET24C. PowerDB includes test forms for all of the above methods and performs all the
calculations automatically.
*The Attached Rod Technique (ART) is based on Fall of Potential
Do you need...
more information on earth testing? Ask
for your copy of ‘Getting Down to Earth’,
Megger’s technical guide to ground/earth
testing.
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E: ukenquiries@megger.com
Optional accessories
6121-119
50 m reel of cable
6220-803
Right angle terminal adaptor set
6220-806
Replacement earth test leads (x4) for
included kit (15 m, 10 m, 3 m)
6220-824
6280-375
Vehicle 12 V socket charger
(rechargeable versions only)
5410-429
Replacement hard carrying case
21500-072
Getting Down To Earth
A Megger guide to earth testing
ICLAMP
Current measuring clamp
Www.megger.com
Calibration check box (25 Ω)
6220-804
Replacement earth test stakes (x2)
for included kit 200 mm, 8 mm dia
6220-805
3 replacement test leads
(15 m, 10 m, 3 m)
6220-850
Black crocodile clip
6280-370
Replacement external AC/DC
charger (DET4TR2 only)
6310-755
Earth testing kit comprising:
Carrying case and pouch
Four galvanised steel spikes (‘L’
shape) 10 m dia x 350 mm long
30 m of cable on a winder
50 m of cable on a winder
two 3 m leads complete with
connectors and clips
Hammer
6320-245
Professional earth testing kit (2 x
50 m, 2 x 30 m, 4 auger stakes,
tape measure, hard carry case)
VCLAMP
175
7
Primary Current
Injection
Circuit breakers are one of the critical ‘safety valves’ of electrical systems, and basic
maintenance procedures are essential to maintain maximum reliability. Primary current
injection test sets are also vital to commissioning high voltage power systems.
8
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176
Selection guide.......................................................................................... 177
Technical information................................................................................. 178
INGVAR primary current injection test system............................................. 180
ODEN AT primary current injection test system........................................... 183
ODEN A primary current injection test system............................................ 183
CSU600A-AT current supply units.............................................................. 189
PCITS2000/2 primary current injection test set........................................... 191
Optional accessories................................................................................... 192
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
SELECTION GUIDE
INGVAR
ODEN AT
ODEN A
AT
Primary current injection system
n
n
n
Up to 5,000 A
n
Up to 21,000 A
CSU 600-A
n
Up to 600 A
n
Up to 2,000 A
n
Up to 8,000 A
n
Measures inputs
n
n
Inbuilt timers
n
n
I / 30 A option
n
n
Software option
Www.megger.com
PCITS 2002/2
n
n
n
177
8
Primary current test
Primary current injection testing is most usually associated with
Test equipment manufacturers have also noted that only a few
high current and high voltage power distribution systems of the
applications of primary injection testing involve the highest currents
type found in an electricity substation, or in a large industrial
– many requirements can be satisfied with test sets rated at no
installation. While there is some mystique about this form of testing,
more than 5000 A, which paves the way for smaller mid-range
the principle that underlies it is actually very straightforward: a test
units. In addition, the highest currents are usually only required for
current is injected into the primary side of a system – which is often
a comparatively short time, to test, for example an instantaneous
but not always some form of protection scheme – to determine
overcurrent relay, so the test sets do not need to be continuously
how the system behaves at particular levels of current.
rated for their maximum current output. Once again, this allows size
and weight to be reduced.
The system under test might, for example, comprise a circuit
breaker with an over-current trip relay that operates via a current
Weight and size are not the only areas where progress has been
transformer (CT). By injecting a predetermined current into the
made. Another useful development is the introduction of test sets
circuit breaker, it is possible to determine whether the relay will trip
where the control unit can be connected to the current generator
at this current and, if so, how long the current needs to flow before
by a comparatively long control cable. This allows the current
the trip is initiated.
generator to be placed very close to the equipment under test,
thereby minimising the length of the high current test leads needed,
Something similar, of course, could be achieved by injecting a test
which makes testing easier and more practical.
current directly into the trip relay – that is, on the secondary side
of the CT. This is secondary current injection testing and it is widely
To ensure versatility, primary injection test sets need to be able to
used, not least because much lower currents are needed than are
offer options to cope with a wide range of burdens since, if they
typically required for primary injection testing.
do not, there is the possibility that they will not be able to deliver
the required test current into the impedance presented by the
Secondary injection testing is undoubtedly valuable, but it does
equipment under test plus the test cables. In the best test sets, this
not check all of the components in the system. In the scenario
issue is addressed by allowing the output voltage of the current
discussed, it would not, for example, reveal a defective CT. Neither
generators to be raised at the expense of output current, so that the
does it truly mimic in service the operating conditions – the heating
total power the test set is required to deliver is not increased unduly.
effect of the primary current will not be present and, in some types
This option is particularly valuable when testing CTs, circuit breakers
of test, this can significantly affect the results obtained.
and busbar joints.
For these reasons, there are many situations where primary injection
testing is considered useful if not essential. Because it tends to be
to inject the test current for an accurately controlled time, preset
somewhat disruptive – the plant under test must be taken out of
service and de-energised and then arrangements must be made for
the high current connections needed for the test – primary injection
is most usually performed as part of the commissioning procedure
together, of course, with CT ratio and polarity.
Test sets used for primary injection are invariably built specifically
A fast acting hold feature for the measuring functions, which is
for this purpose. Their primary function is to supply a lot of current
provided in conjunction with a “stop” input further enhances
– tests typically involve injecting currents from 100 A or so up to
usefulness, as it allows readings to be frozen by applying a signal to
20,000 A. Equipment capable of delivering these sorts of currents
the stop input. This makes it possible, for example, to record data
is never going to be physically small or lightweight, but remarkable
relating to the exact moment that a protection relay operates during
strides have been made over recent years in making primary
a test. Some instruments, when used for circuit breaker testing, can
injection test sets more manageable.
even be configured to automatically freeze the measurements at the
One way this has been achieved is by using modular current
instant the breaker trips without the need to use the stop input.
sources, so that for lower test currents only one or two sources are
A feature that is just starting to become available on the latest
needed, but for higher test currents additional current sources can
be added. Test sets that adopt this approach are often assembled on
8
178
injecting the actual fault currents. Auxiliary voltage and current
virtual power, active power, reactive power, and power factor,
faultfinding.
test sets much easier to handle.
tripping time tests that encompass both the relay and the CTs, by
can provide a wide range of data, including impedance, resistance,
In some instances, however, it can also be an invaluable aid to
three or four current source modules. This arrangement makes the
by the user. This makes it easy to perform complete circuit breaker
measuring inputs facilitate the testing of CTs and good test sets
for new plant or after major modifications have been carried out.
wheeled trolleys that can accommodate the control unit plus up to
Another option of great value is an integral timer that can be set
primary injection test sets is zero-crossover synchronisation. This
ensures that the test current is turned on only at a zero crossing
point, which eliminates DC offset effects and also ensures the best
possible repeatability for test results.
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
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One issue that has been perennially troublesome in carrying out
primary injection tests has been heating of the equipment under
test while setting up and adjusting the test current. This effect has
even been known to trip a breaker under test during set up before
the test proper has commenced. Work-arounds are available – test
engineers can perform the set up very quickly to minimise heating,
or they can prevent tripping at least by isolating the trip circuits.
Neither of these options is particularly convenient, however.
Fortunately, there is a better solution, in that test sets are now
available with a so-called I/30 function. This, as its name suggests,
reduces the programmed current output of the test set by a factor
of 30. Since this means that the heating effect is reduced by a factor
of 900, test engineers using this function can take as much care and
time as they need in setting up the test with absolutely no risk of
significant heating. And, when they are ready to start testing, the
output current can be returned to normal at the push of a button.
Some of the principal applications of primary injection testing,
including the testing of circuit breakers and CTs, have already been
mentioned in this article. Some test sets can, however, also be
programmed for more complex functions, such as testing automatic
reclosers and sectionalizers.
Finally, it is worth bearing in mind that the high-capacity current
source at the heart of every primary injection test set is also useful
in its own right as convenient way of providing current to carry
out heat runs on busbars and other types of switchgear assembly,
and for testing ground grid installations where the test set is used
to inject current between a reference ground and the ground
to be tested. Measuring the voltage drop and the percentage of
current flowing through the ground grid then enables an accurate
assessment to be made of the ground grid’s performance.
Primary current injection tests are among the most valuable tests
that can be carried out on power systems as they take into account
the performance of every component and are, therefore, the most
reliable way of assessing the performance of the system under real
world operating conditions. In the past primary injection testing
has been fraught with inconvenience, not least because of the size
and weight of the equipment involved, and because of its limited
capabilities.
Fortunately, things have changed and, as we have seen, the latest
primary injection test equipment is much more user friendly – and
far less back breaking! For all those involved in the commissioning
and maintenance of power distribution systems this could be a very
good time to take a closer look at how primary injection test sets
have changed in recent years, and to look again at the benefits that
this form of testing undoubtedly offers.
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179
8
INGVAR
Primary current injection test system
Application
„„Primary
current injection testing and breaker testing
These tests require high currents and the ability to measure
very short duration current flow. INGVAR has been designed
especially to meet these needs. No extra contacts are needed
to measure the operating time of a low-voltage breaker.
Testing stops at the instant when the main breaker contacts
open to interrupt the current. Output current initiation is
synchronized with the currents zero-crossover point to ensure
good repeatability and minimized DC offset.
Testing current transformers
For turns ratio testing, the primary current and either
the secondary current or the turns ratio are displayed
simultaneously. Since the turns ratio is displayed directly as
the nominal value (1000/5 for example), no further calculation
is needed. Burden of secondary circuits can be measured and
INGVAR
n
Most advanced primary current injection test system to simplify all types of switchgear and CT commissioning, ground grid, circuit breaker testing and more
n
Two units, each of about 20 kg (44 lbs), simplifies transportation
n
Unique I/30 function allows the current to be pre-
set using low current to prevent test sample heating, thus eliminating corruption of test result
presented in VA.
Polarity testing
The currents phase displacement is shown, and the polarities
of the outputs are clearly marked.
Heat runs
INGVAR is ideal for performing heat runs. Current can be
applied continuously or through programmable intervals. The
times can be shown in minutes and hours which facilitates
Description
long-term testing capability.
This powerful test system is designed for primary injection
Automatic reclosers and sectionalizers
testing of protective relay equipment and circuit breakers. It
INGVAR can also be set to test circuit breakers with reclosing
is also used to test the turns ratio of current transformers and
relays. Operating limits, partial times, total times and the
for other applications that require high variable currents.
number of operations before lockout can be measured. User-
The system consists of a control unit and a current unit. The
selectable reclosing sequences can be programmed for testing
two parts are portable, and INGVAR can be quickly assembled
sectionalizers.
and connected.
The control unit has many advanced features – a powerful
Testing integrity of ground grids and safety-ground
devices
measurement section for example, that can display turns ratio
One way to test ground grids is by injecting current between a
as well as time, voltage and current. A second measurement
reference ground and the ground to be tested and measuring
channel can be used to test an additional current or voltage.
the voltage drop and the percentage of current flowing
Current transformer turns ratio, impedance, power, power
through the ground grid.
factor (cos φ) and phase angle are calculated and shown in the
display. Current and voltage can be presented as percentages
of nominal value. The fast-acting hold function freezes shortduration readings on the digital display when the voltage or
contact signal arrives at the stop input, the object under test
interrupts the current or injection is stopped.
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T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
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INGVAR
Primary current injection test system
SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications INGVAR
Specifications are valid for an ambient temperature of +25 °C and
nominal input voltage. The specifications are subject to change
without notice.
System designation
An INGVAR-system consists of a control unit an one current unit.
Environment
Application field
The instrument is intended for use in
medium-voltage substations and
industrial environments.
Temperature
Operating
Storage & transport
Humidity
Altitude
(operational)
Pollution degree
0 °C to +50 °C (+32 °F to +122 °F)
-25 °C to +55 °C (-13 °F to +127 °F)
5% – 95% RH, Non-condensing.
<2000 m
2
CE marking
EMC
LVD
AC, true RMS
1% of range ±1 digit
0 – 2 kA / 1 – 5 kA
0 – 2 A / 0 – 20 A
20 A (The input is not protected by a fuse)
Voltmeter
Measurement method AC, true RMS
Ranges
0 – 0.2 V, 0 – 2 V, 0 – 20 V,
0 – 200 V, AUTO
Inaccuracy
1% of range ±1 digit
Input resistance (Rin)
240 kΩ (range 0 – 200 V)
24 kΩ (other ranges)
Dielectric withstand
2.5 kV
Presentation
General
Measurement category CAT I
Rated transient overvoltage: 2200 V
Mains voltage
100 – 240 V AC, 50/60 Hz
Mains inlet
IEC 60309-1, -2. 16 A
Input current
Output current x open circuit voltage /
input voltage
Protection
The output transformer has a built-in
thermal cut-out, and the primary side is
protected by a miniature circuit breaker
Dimensions
Control Unit
546 x 347 x 247 mm
(21.5” x 13.7” x 9.7”)
Current Unit
410 x 340 x 205 mm
(16.1” x 13.4” x 8”)
Weight
Ranges
Inaccuracy
In seconds, mains frequency cycles or
hours and minutes
0.000 – 99999.9 s
0 – 9999 cycles
±(1 digit + 0.01% of value)
For the stop condition in INT-mode 1 ms
shall be added to the specified measurement error.
Stop input
Max. input voltage
250 V AC / 275 V DC
Phase angle
Range
Resolution
Inaccuracy
0 – 359º
1º
±2º (For voltage and current readings
that are higher than 10% of the selected
range)
Z, P, R, X, S, Q and power factor (cosϕ)
20 kg (44.1 lbs)
18 kg (39.7 lbs)
USB Type B female
The result is calculated using U, I and φ
LCD
English, German, French, Spanish, Swedish.
Threshold indicating that current is interrupted, can be set to 0.7
or 2.1% of range for Ammeter 1
Display
Type
Available languages
Measurement method
Inaccuracy
Ammeter 1
Ranges
Ammeter 2
Ranges
Maximum current
Timer
2004/108/EC
2006/95/EC
Control Unit
Current Unit
Data transfer
Measurement section
Ammeters
Imax
Stores highest current value that exists ≥100 ms
INT-level
Outputs
Outputs in parallel, 240 mains voltage
Maximal
current
700 A
Maximum
generation time
Minimum rest
time 1)
continuously
-
1000 A
30 min
5 min
2000 A
3 min
10 min
3000 A 1 min
12 min
5000 A
3 min
2 sec
Outputs in series, 240 mains voltage
350 A
continuously
-
500 A
20 min
15 min
1500 A
2 min
12 min
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INGVAR
Primary current injection test system
Ordering information
Product
Order code
INGVAR
BH-72490
Including:
GA-12700
GA-12051
04-00087
GA-00204
Interconnection cable 3 m (10 ft)
Current cable 2 m (6.5 ft) 120 mm2
Mains cable 3 m (10 ft)
Grounding cable 5 m (16 ft)
1
2
1
1
Optional accessories
HCP2000, high current probe
AA-90165
Current transformer switchbox
BH-90130
Extension interconnection cable INGVAR,
5 m (16 ft)
GA-12705
Extension interconnection cable INGVAR,
10 m (32 ft)
GA-12710
Multi-cable high current cable sets
Length
Impedance
(Twisted-pair cables)
Cross section area: 240 mm2 (2x120)
2 x 0.5 m (1.6 ft)
0.21 mΩ
GA-12205
2 x 1 m (3.3 ft)
0.32 mΩ
GA-12210
2 x 1.5 m (4.9 ft)
0.42 mΩ
GA-12215
2 x 2 m (6.6 ft)
0.53 mΩ
GA-12220
Cross section area: 360 mm2 (3x120)
2 x 0.5 m (1.6 ft)
0.18 mΩ
GA-12305
2 x 1 m (3.3 ft)
0.25 mΩ
GA-12310
2 x 1.5 m (4.9 ft)
0.32 mΩ
GA-12315
2 x 2 m (6.6 ft)
0.39 mΩ
GA-12320
Cable set, 2 x 5 m (16 ft)
Cross section area: 120 mm2
Weight: 15.2 kg (33.5 lbs)
Impedance: 2.2 mΩ
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GA-12052
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ODEN AT
Primary current injection test system
Current transformer turns ratio, impedance, resistance, power,
power factor (cos φ) and phase angle are calculated and
shown in the display. Current and voltage can be presented as
percentages of nominal value. The fast-acting hold function
freezes short-duration readings on the digital display when the
voltage or contact signal arrives at the stop input, the object
under test interrupts the current or injection is stopped.
Application
Primary current injection testing and breaker testing
These tests require high currents and the ability to measure
very short duration, current flow. Oden AT has been designed
especially to meet these needs. No extra contacts are needed to
measure the operating time of a low-voltage breaker. Testing
stops at the instant when the main breaker contacts open to
interrupt the current. Output current initiation is synchronized
with the currents zero-crossover point to ensure good
repeatability and minimized DC offset.
Testing current transformers
For turns ratio testing, the primary current and either the
ODEN AT
secondary current or the turns ratio are displayed simultaneously.
n
Most Advanced Primary Current Injection Test System to Since the turns ratio is displayed directly as the nominal value
simplify all types of switchgear and CT commissioning, (1000/5 for example), no further calculation is needed. Burden
ground grid, circuit breaker testing and more
of secondary circuits can be measured and presented in VA.
n
Modular design to permit optimal user configuration of Polarity testing
output current vs. unit size
n
Compact transport cart facilitates portability into switchgear rooms with limited space
n
Unique I/30 function allows the current to be pre-set using low current to prevent test sample heating, thus Oden AT is ideal for performing heat runs. Current can be
eliminating corruption of test result
applied continuously or through programmable intervals. The
times can be shown in minutes and hours which facilitates
Description
long-term testing capability.
This powerful test system is designed for primary injection
The currents phase displacement is shown, and the polarities
of the outputs are clearly marked.
Heat runs
Automatic reclosers and sectionalizers
Oden AT can also be set to test circuit breakers with reclosing
relays. Operating limits, partial times, total times and the
number of operations before lockout can be measured. Userselectable reclosing sequences can be programmed for testing
sectionalizers.
Testing integrity of ground grids and safety- devices
One way to test ground grids is by injecting current between a
reference ground and the ground to be tested and measuring
the voltage drop and the percentage of current flowing through
testing of protective relay equipment and circuit breakers. It
is also used to test the turns ratio of current transformers and
for other applications that require high variable currents.
The system consists of a control unit together with one, two
or three current units. There are three versions of the current
unit: S, X and H. The S and X current units are identical except
that the X unit has an additional 30/60 V output. The H unit
is rated for even higher current. This makes it possible to
configure an ODEN AT system in a suitable way. All parts
are portable, and ODEN AT can be quickly assembled and
connected.
the ground grid. The type X current unit included with Oden
The control unit has many advanced features – a powerful
AT is designed for this type of application. Personal safety
measurement section for example, that can display turns ratio
grounds must be tested at rated current, a task for which Oden
as well as time, voltage and current. A second measurement
AT is well suited.
channel can be used to test an additional current or voltage.
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8
ODEN AT
Primary current injection test system
Ammeter 2
Ranges
Maximum current
SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications ODEN AT
Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to
change without notice.
Voltmeter
Measurement method
Ranges
System designation
An ODEN AT-system consists of a control unit and one, two or
three current units. There are three different versions of the
current units: S-unit (standard), X-unit (extra 30/60 V outlet) and
H-unit (high current). The system designation indicates the
number and version of current units included.
Example: ODEN AT/2X
2 = Number of current units
X = Version of current unit (S, X or H)
Inaccuracy
Input resistance (Rin)
Dielectric withstand
Temperature
Operating
Storage & transport
Humidity
Presentation
Ranges
The instrument is intended for use
in high-voltage substations and
industrial environments.
Inaccuracy
0 °C to +50 °C (+32 °F to +122 °F)
-25 °C to +55 °C (-13 °F to +127 °F)
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
Max. input voltage
2006/95/EC
2004/108/EC
Mains inlet
Input current
Protection
Dimensions
Control unit AT
Current unit S, X H
Complete with cart
240 / 400 V AC, 50 / 60 Hz
480 V AC / 60 Hz
IEC 60309-2, 63 A
Output current x open circuit voltage
/ input voltage
The output transformer has a built-in
thermal cut-out, and the primary
side is protected by a miniature
circuit breaker.
570 x 310 x 230 mm
(22.4” x 12.2” x 9”)
570 x 310 x 155 mm
(22.4” x 12.2” x 6”)
690 x 350 x 860 mm
(27.2” x 13.8” x 33.9”)
250 V AC / 275 V DC
Phase angle
General
Mains voltage
In seconds, mains frequency cycles
or hours and minutes
0.000 – 999.9 s
0 – 9999 cycles
0.001 s – 99 h 59 min
±(1 digit + 0.01% of value)
For the stop condition in INT-mode
1 ms shall be added to the specified
measurement error.
Stop input
CE marking
LVD
EMC
AC, true RMS
0 – 0.2 V, 0 – 2 V, 0 – 20 V,
0 – 200 V, AUTO
1% of range ±1 digit
240 kΩ (range 0 – 200 V)
24 kΩ (other ranges)
2.5 kV
Timer
Environment
Application field
0 – 2.000 A / 0 – 20.00 A
20 A (The input is not protected by
a fuse)
Range
Resolution
Inaccuracy
0 – 359º
1º
±2º (for voltage and current readings
that are higher than 10% of the
selected range)
Z, P, R, X, S, Q and power factor (cos φ)
For these measurements the result is calculated using U, I and
sometimes φ.
Imax
Stores highest current value that exists ≥100 ms
INT-level
Threshold indicating that current is interrupted. Can be set to
0.7% or 2.1% of Ammeter 1 range.
Weight
Control unit AT
Current unit S
Current unit X
Current unit H
Cart
Display
Available languages
25 kg (55 lbs)
42 kg (92.6 lbs)
45 kg (99.3 lbs)
49 kg (108 lbs)
11 kg (24.3 lbs)
LCD
English, German, French, Spanish,
Swedish.
Measurement section
Ammeters
Measurement method
Inaccuracy
Ammeter 1
Ranges
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AC, true RMS
1% of range ±1 digit
0 – 4800 A / 0 –15 kA
0 – 9600 A / 0 – 30 kA
0 – 960 A / 0 – 3 kA
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ODEN AT
Primary current injection test system
Ordering information
Product
Order code
Order code
Product
A cart (Art.No. 50-00092) is always included with
purchase of a complete ODEN system. The cable set(s)
for connection to the object under test must however
be stated as a separate item in the order. Cable for
connecting current units in series is included with
purchase of a current unit.
Optional accessories
ODEN AT/1S
HCP2000
AA-90165
Current Transformer Switchbox
BH-90130
High Current Serial Bar
BH-90102
Mains Adapter 240/400V
Note: Can only be used together with an ODEN AT
prepared for this feature. Contact Megger Sweden.
BH-90120
240 V Mains voltage
BH-62411
400 V Mains voltage
BH-64011
480 V (60 Hz) Mains voltage
BH-64811
ODEN-Select
Software tool for finding the best ODEN AT
configuration. Free-ware, can be downloaded
from the Megger web site.
240 V Mains voltage
BH-62412
Multi-cable high current cable sets
400 V Mains voltage
BH-64012
Length
480 V (60 Hz) Mains voltage
BH-64812
ODEN AT/2S
Impedance
(Twisted-pair cables)
Cross section area: 240 mm2 (2x120)
ODEN AT/3S
240 V Mains voltage
BH-62413
2 x 0.5 m (1.6 ft)
0.21 mΩ
GA-12205
400 V Mains voltage
BH-64013
2 x 1 m (3.3 ft)
0.32 mΩ
GA-12210
480 V (60 Hz) Mains voltage
BH-64813
2 x 1.5 m (4.9 ft)
0.42 mΩ
GA-12215
2 x 2 m (6.6 ft)
0.53 mΩ
GA-12220
ODEN AT/1X
240 V Mains voltage
BH-62421
Cross section area: 360 mm2 (3x120)
400 V Mains voltage
BH-64021
2 x 0.5 m (1.6 ft)
0.18 mΩ
GA-12305
480 V (60 Hz) Mains voltage
BH-64821
2 x 1 m (3.3 ft)
0.25 mΩ
GA-12310
2 x 1.5 m (4.9 ft)
0.32 mΩ
GA-12315
2 x 2 m (6.6 ft)
0.39 mΩ
GA-12320
ODEN AT/2X
240 V Mains voltage
BH-62422
400 V Mains voltage
BH-64022
480 V (60 Hz) Mains voltage
BH-64822
ODEN AT/3X
240 V Mains voltage
BH-62423
400 V Mains voltage
BH-64023
480 V (60 Hz) Mains voltage
BH-64823
ODEN AT/1H
240 V Mains voltage
400 V Mains voltage
480 V (60 Hz) Mains voltage
BH-62431
BH-64031
BH-64831
ODEN AT/2H
240 V Mains voltage
BH-62432
400 V Mains voltage
BH-64032
480 V (60 Hz) Mains voltage
BH-64832
ODEN AT/3H
240 V Mains voltage
BH-62433
400 V Mains voltage
BH-64033
480 V (60 Hz) Mains voltage
BH-64833
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Cross section area: 480 mm2 (4x120)
2 x 0.5 m (1.6 ft)
0.16 mΩ
GA-12405
2 x 1 m (3.3 ft)
0.21 mΩ
GA-12410
2 x 1.5 m (4.9 ft)
0.27 mΩ
GA-12415
2 x 2 m (6.6 ft)
0.32 mΩ
GA-12420
Cross section area: 720 mm2 (6x120)
2 x 0.5 m (1.6 ft)
0.14 mΩ
GA-12605
2 x 1 m (3.3 ft)
0.18 mΩ
GA-12610
2 x 1.5 m (4.9 ft)
0.21 mΩ
GA-12615
2 x 2 m (6.56 ft)
0.25 mΩ
GA-12620
Cable set, 2 x 5 m (16 ft), 120 mm2
Cross section area: 120 mm2
Weight: 15.2 kg (33.5 lbs)
Impedance: 2.2 mΩ
GA-12052
Cable set, 2 x 5 m (16 ft), 25 mm2
Cross section area: 25 mm2
For the 30/60 V output of current unit X.
Weight: 4 kg (8.8 lbs)
GA-02052
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8
ODEN A
Primary current injection test system
Application
ODEN A can be used in a number of applications where high
current is required:
„„Primary
„„Circuit
„„Testing
„„Heat
current injection testing of protective systems
breaker testing
current transformers
runs
„„Example
of test objects are joints, circuit breakers and
disconnectors
„„Testing
of safety-ground devices
„„Personal
safety grounds must be tested at rated current, a
task for which ODEN A is well suited
„„Testing
integrity of ground grids
One way to make this test is by injecting current between a
reference ground and the ground to be tested and measuring
the voltage drop and the percentage of current flowing
through the ground grid. The type X current unit included
with ODEN A is designed for this type of application.
ODEN A
n
Most advanced primary current injection test system to simplify all types of switchgear and CT commissioning, ground grid, circuit breaker testing and more
n
Modular design to permit optimal user configuration of output current vs. unit size
n
Compact transport cart facilitates portability into switchgear rooms with limited space
n
Unique I/30 function allows the current to be pre-
set using low current to prevent test sample heating, thus eliminating corruption of test result
Description
A powerful test system designed for primary injection testing
of protective relay equipment and circuit breakers. It is also
used to test the transformation ratio of current transformers
and for other applications that require high variable currents.
Up to 8 kA can be generated.
The ODEN™ A system consists of a control unit together with
one or two current units. All parts are portable, and ODEN
A can be quickly assembled and connected. There are two
versions of the current unit: S and X, S and X are identical
except that X has an additional 30/60 V output.
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ODEN A
Primary current injection test system
SPECIFICATIONS
ODEN A, 240 V mains voltage, 50 / 60 Hz
Specifications
Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C (77 °F). Specifications are subject to
change without notice.
System designation
An ODEN A-system consists of a control unit and one or two
current units. There are two different versions of the current units:
S-unit (standard) and X-unit (extra 30/60 V outlet). The system
designation indicates the number and version of current units
included.
Example: ODEN A/2X
X = Version of current unit (S, or X)
2 = Number of current units
Environment
Application field
Temperature
Operating
Storage & transport
Humidity
The instrument is intended for use in
high-voltage substations and
industrial environments.
-20 °C to +50 °C (-4 °F to +122 °F)
-40 °C to +55 °C (-40 °F to +127 °F)
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
CE-marking
EMC
LVD
2004/108/EC
2006/95/EC
General
Mains voltage
Mains inlet
Input current
Dimensions
Control unit A
Current unit S, X
Complete with cart
240 / 400 V AC, 50 / 60 Hz
IEC 60309-2, 63 A
Output current x open circuit voltage
/ input voltage
570 x 310 x 230 mm
(22.4” x 12.2” x 9”)
570 x 310 x 155 mm
(22.4” x 12.2” x 6”)
690 x 350 x 860 mm
(27.2” x 13.8” x 33.9”)
Weight
Control unit A
Current unit S
Current unit X
Cart
Outputs
20 kg (44.1 lbs)
42 kg (92.6 lbs)
45 kg (99.3 lbs)
11 kg (24.3 lbs)
Open
Max.
Max. current, Max.
circuit continuous 3 minutes 3) current,
voltage current 3)
1 sec 3)
ODEN A/1S
6V
1000 A
2000 A
6000 A
6V
12 V
1680 A
1000 A
3600 A
2000 A
8000 A
4000 A
6V
1000 A
2000 A
6000 A
30 V
60 V
160 A
80 A
300 A
150 A
600 A
300 A
6V
12 V
1680 A
840 A
3600 A
1500 A
8000 A
4000 A
ODEN A/2S
1)
2)
ODEN A/1X
High current
output
Output 0 – 30/60 V
30 V range
60 V range
ODEN A/2X
High current
output
1)
2)
Output 0 – 30/60 V
30 V range
1)
30 V
320 A
600 A
1200 A
30 V range
2)
60 V
160 A
300 A
600 A
60 V range
2)
120 V
80 A
150 A
300 A
ODEN A, 400 V mains voltage, 50 / 60 Hz
Open
Max.
Max. current, Max.
circuit continuous 3 minutes 3) current,
voltage current 3)
1 sec 3)
ODEN A/1S
6V
1000 A
2000 A
7000 A
6V
12 V
1900 A
630 A
4000 A
1500 A
8000 A
4000 A
6V
1000 A
2000 A
7000 A
30 V
60 V
160 A
80 A
300 A
150 A
600 A
300 A
6V
12 V
1900 A
630 A
4000 A
1500 A
8000 A
4000 A
30 V
60 V
120 V
250 A
125 A
60 A
600 A
225 A
115 A
1200 A
600 A
300 A
ODEN A/2S
1)
2)
ODEN A/1X
High current
output
Output 0 – 30/60 V
30 V range
60 V range
ODEN A/2X
High current
output
1)
2)
Output 0 – 30/60 V
30 V range
30 V range
60 V range
1)
2)
2)
1) Current units connected in parallel
2) Current units connected in series
3) Maximum possible current is also limited by the impedance in the test circuit. The
current value can not exceed output voltage / impedance value.
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ODEN A
Primary current injection test system
Ordering information
Product
Order code
A cart (Art.No. 50-00092) is always included with
Product
Length
purchase of a complete ODEN system. The cable
Order code
Impedance
(Twisted-pair cables)
set(s) for connection to the object under test must
Cross section area: 240 mm2 (2x120)
however be stated as a separate item in the order.
2 x 0.5 m (1.6 ft)
0.21 mΩ
GA-12205
Cable for connecting current units in series is
2 x 1 m (3.3 ft)
0.32 mΩ
GA-12210
2 x 1.5 m (4.9 ft)
0.42 mΩ
GA-12215
2 x 2 m (6.6 ft)
0.53 mΩ
GA-12220
included with purchase of a current unit.
ODEN A/1S
240 V Mains voltage
BH-32411
400 V Mains voltage
BH-34011
ODEN A/2S
240 V Mains voltage
BH-32412
400 V Mains voltage
BH-34012
ODEN A/1X
2 x 0.5 m (1.6 ft)
0.18 mΩ
GA-12305
2 x 1 m (3.3 ft)
0.25 mΩ
GA-12310
2 x 1.5 m (4.9 ft)
0.32 mΩ
GA-12315
2 x 2 m (6.6 ft)
0.39 mΩ
GA-12320
Cross section area: 480 mm2 (4x120)
240 V Mains voltage
BH-32421
400 V Mains voltage
BH-34021
ODEN A/2X
240 V Mains voltage
BH-32422
400 V Mains voltage
BH-34022
Optional accessories
HCP2000
Cross section area: 360 mm2 (3x120)
AA-90165
2 x 0.5 m (1.6 ft)
0.16 mΩ
GA-12405
2 x 1 m (3.3 ft)
0.21 mΩ
GA-12410
2 x 1.5 m (4.9 ft)
0.27 mΩ
GA-12415
2 x 2 m (6.6 ft)
0.32 mΩ
GA-12420
Cross section area: 720 mm2 (6x120)
2 x 0.5 m (1.6 ft)
0.14 mΩ
GA-12605
2 x 1 m (3.3 ft)
0.18 mΩ
GA-12610
2 x 1.5 m (4.9 ft)
0.21 mΩ
GA-12615
0.25 mΩ
GA-12620
TM200
External timer
See the TM200 for more information
BE-29090
2 x 2 m (6.56 ft)
Current Transformer Switchbox
BH-90130
Cable set, 2 x 5 m (16 ft), 120 mm2
High Current Serial Bar
BH-90102
Cross section area: 120 mm2
Weight: 15.2 kg (33.5 lbs)
Impedance: 2.2 mΩ
Multi-cable high current cable sets
GA-12052
Cable set , 2 x 5 m (16 ft), 25 mm
2
Cross section area: 25 mm2
For the 30/60 V output of current unit X.
Weight: 4 kg (8.8 lbs)
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CSU600A-AT
Current supply units
CSU600A-AT
n
n
n
n
Compact and rugged
Quick and easy to use
Broad application range
Excellent weight/performance ratio
Description
These high-current supply units have two main fields of
application. The first is to conduct primary tests on protective
relays. A primary test shows whether all parts of the
protection system are functioning together properly within
the specified time limits under operating conditions.
The second field of application involves conducting current
tests on low-voltage circuit breakers and overcurrent devices.
The CSU600A™ is a compact instrument which, together with
Timer TM200™ and an external ammeter, meets stringent
requirements for accuracy, easy handling and performance.
This current supply unit is ideal for a) performance and
turn-ratio tests of current transformers, b) primary tests of
protective relays, c) current tests on low- and high-voltage
circuit breakers and d) commissioning tests that require
variable currents.
The CSU600AT™ provides a more comprehensive solution.
Application example
It has a built-in timer and an analog ammeter that provide
IMPORTANT
rough current settings quickly and easily. As a result,
Read the user manual before using the instrument.
connection time has been reduced to the bare minimum.
The CSU600A and CSU600AT current supply units have an
excellent weight/performance ratio.
Ammeter
TM200
TM200
A
B
Primary test of protective relay equipment and lowvoltage circuit breaker
Connect the CSU600A’s current outputs across the current
transformer (diagram A) or to the breaker terminals (diagram
B).
„„Connect
timer TM200’s start input to output T and the stop
input to the protective relay equipment’s auxiliary contact.
„„Set
the current.
„„Execute
„„Read
Www.megger.com
the test.
the time from TM200.
189
8
CSU600A-AT
Current supply units
Maximum cable lengths at 600 A
SPECIFICATIONS
115 V mains
230 V mains
Specifications
Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to
change without notice.
2 x 5 m (16 ft), 70 mm²
2 x 5 m (16 ft), 50 mm²
2 x 10 m (33 ft), 70 mm²
2 x 15 m (49 ft), 95 mm²
Environment
Application field
The instrument is intended for use
in high-voltage substations and
industrial environments.
Temperature
Operating
Storage & transport
Humidity
0 °C to +50 °C (32 °F to +122 °F)
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to +158 °F)
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
CE-marking
EMC
LVD
2004/108/EC
2006/95/EC
General
Mains voltage
Power consumption (max)
Protection
Dimensions
Instrument
115 or 230 V AC, 50 / 60 Hz
115 V, 667 VA cont. (interm. 3738 VA)
230 V, 851 VA cont. (interm. 6440 VA)
Thermal cut-outs and miniature
circuit breakers
356 x 203 x 241 mm
(14.0” x 8.0” x 9.5”)
610 x 290 x 360 mm
(24.0” x 11.4” x 14.2”)
21.9 kg (48 lbs)
38.3 kg (84.4 lbs) with accessories
and carrying case
2 x 5 m (16 ft), 50 mm²
Transport case
Weight
Current cables
Measurement section
Output for external
ammeter
Inaccuracy
600/6 A
±0.5%
Ordering information
Timer (only CSU600AT)
Range
Resolution
Inaccuracy
Other
0-999.999 s
1 ms
±0.02% of shown value + 0 to 2 ms
Output for starting external timer
Outputs, AC, intermittent output 1) (CAT I)
115 V mains voltage
230 V mains voltage
Current Load
time
Minimum out- Load time
put voltage
0A
75 A
100 A
200 A
300 A
400 A
500 A
600 A
6.0 V
–
5.6 V
5.3 V
4.9 V
4.6 V
4.2 V
3.9 V
Cont.
–
Cont
15 min
1.5 min
1 min
20 s
15 s
Cont.
Cont.
1h
5 min
2 min
1 min
30 s
20 s
Minimum
output
voltage
9.5 V
9.3 V
9.0 V
8.5 V
8.0 V
7.5 V
7.0 V
6.5 V
1) Maximum load time from cold state 25°C (77°F). Not valid for repeated tests.
8
190
Product
Order code
CSU600A
Complete with: Cable set GA-05052,
Transport case GD-00182
115 V Mains voltage
BF-11190
230 V Mains voltage
BF-12290
CSU600AT
Complete with: Cable set GA-05052,
Transport case GD-00182
115 V Mains voltage
BF-21190
230 V Mains voltage
BF-22290
Optional
Cable set 5 m (for 115 V)
2 x 5 m (16 ft), 70 mm2
Weight: 8.4 kg (18 lbs)
GA-07052
Cable set 10 m
2 x 10 m (33 ft), 70 mm2
Weight: 16.8 kg (37 lbs)
GA-07102
Cable set 15 m
2 x 15 m (49 ft), 95 mm2
Weight: 29.4 kg (65 lbs)
GA-09152
TM200
External timer
See the TM200 for more information
BE-29090
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PCITS2000/2
Primary current injection test set
SPECIFICATIONS
Current output ranges (a.c.)
20 A to 2000 A (0 to 3 V) 50 Hz/60 Hz (programmable in 10 A steps)
40 A to 1000 A (0 to 6 V) 50 Hz/60 Hz (programmable in 10 A steps)
Accuracy
Output
±2.5% of programmed value
Note: Motor variac driven subject to mains variation
Auxiliary voltage output (a.c.)
0 to 250 V, 2 A, 50 Hz/60 Hz
0 to 125 V, 2 A, 50 Hz/60 Hz
Display
Dot matrix LCD
Measurement ranges
Current
0 - 2000 A, resolution 1 A
Auxiliary voltage/current
0 - 250 V, resolution 1 V
0 - 2 A, resolution 0.01 A
Accuracy
±3% of reading, ±2 digits
Timer
Range
0 - 600 sec, resolution 0.01 sec
Accuracy
±0.1%, ±0.05 sec
PCITS2002/2
n
Duty cycle
21/2 minutes on circuit and 15 minutes off circuit at full range current and
voltage. Duty cycle increases until continuous use is possible at 40% of full
range.
Environmental
Operating temperature
0 ºC to 40 ºC (32 to 104 ºF)
Storage temperature
-20 ºC to +60 ºC (-4 to 140 ºF)
Operating humidity
90% RH at 40 ºC (104 ºF)
Storage humidity
93% RH at 40 ºC (104 ºF)
Mechanical data
n
Test relay protection systems and their current transformers together
Current level maintained though test circuit resistance may rise due to heating
n
Built-in timer to record protection relay operation
Description
This primary current injection test set is rugged, selfcontained and designed for operation by one person. The
Dimensions
320 mm x 305 mm x 510 mm (121/2
in x 12 in x 20 in approx.) excluding
handle and wheels.
Controller dimensions
202 mm x 127 mm x 55 mm
(8 in x 5 in x 21/8 in approx.)
Weight
61 kg (134 lb approx.)
PCITS2000/2 is a two-wheeled unit (with a handle).
The test set has a separate hand-held controller connected by
an expandable cable. This allows the operator to work close
to a protective relay while controlling a test. The maximum
output current is 2000 A a.c. at line frequency. By changing
Safety
The test set will, in general, meet the requirements of the IEC 61010-1
specification.
EMC
IEC 61326-1
the range switch, half the rated output can be obtained at
twice the voltage. Additionally, a separate auxiliary voltage
output of 250 V, 2 A a.c. or 125 V, 2 A a.c. is available for
testing voltage operated relay coils or checking the
Equipment protection
magnetisation charac­teristics of current trans­formers. All out-
Circuit breakers
puts are fully variable and each test set has a nominal duty
30 A rating
cycle when delivering full current and voltage. Continuous
operation is possible at 40% of maximum current.
Ordering Information
Product
Primary current injection test sets Www.megger.com
Order Code
PCITS2000/2
Product
Order Code
Optional accessories
2000 A low inductance lead set (3 m long) 6220-462
Timer/low current leadset
6131-340
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Optional Accessories
AA-90165
HCP2000 High current probe
BH-90130
Current transformer switchbox
BH-90120
Mains adapter 240/400 V
Multi-cable high current cable set
6 x 120 mm2
BH-90102
High Current Serial Bar
BE-29090
TM200 External timer
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8
Protective Relay
Testers
The purpose of protective relay equipment is to sense
fault states and trip circuit breakers. If a fault is not
corrected early, personal injuries and series damage
can occur. The equipment must be able to distinguish
between permissable heavy load conditions and hazardous
operational disturbances.
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Selection guide.......................................................................................... 195
Technical information................................................................................. 196
SMRT and STV1 complete 3 phase test system........................................... 197
AVTS4.0 Advanced visual test software...................................................... 203
MGTR Megger GPS timing reference.......................................................... 206
Gooser IEC 61850 test system................................................................. 207
Freja306 6 phase current and 3 phase voltage test set.............................. 209
Freja300 3 phase fully automatic test set.................................................. 214
CA30 current amplifier high module for Freja........................................... 219
Sverker750/780 relay test sets................................................................. 221
Sverker650 relay test sets........................................................................ 225
PMM-1 multifunction measuring instrument.............................................. 227
PAM360E phase angle meter..................................................................... 229
TM200 timer.............................................................................................. 230
Optional accessories................................................................................... 232
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
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SELECTION GUIDE
SMRT36
3 phase test
system
MGTR
AVTS4.0
GOOSER
FREJA
306
FREJA
300
CA30
SVERKER
750/780
SVERKER
650
n
n
PMM-1
PAM
360E
TM200
n
Megger
GPS timing
reference
Advanced visual
test software
IEC 61850 test
system
6 phase current
and 3 phase
votlage test set
3 phase fully
automatic test
set
Current
amplifier high
module for
FREJA
Relay test set
n
n
n
n
n
n
Multifunction
measuring
instrument
Phase angle
meter
Timer
n
n
n
More detailed selection guides for relay testers are included on the product pages.
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195
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Testing protective relays
Simulating disturbances
As power grids get bigger and carry more power, the need for
quick, reliable disconnection when faults occur becomes more and
Protective relay equipment must sometimes handle unusual faults
more urgent. The purpose of protective relay equipment is to sense
that involve distortion, transients and harmonics. These unusual
fault states and trip circuit breakers. If a fault is not corrected early,
disturbances can be handled by test equipment having a DC-
personal injuries and serious damage can occur.
coupled amplifier and a program that generates suitable
Disconnection must take place selectively, i.e. it must be limited to
disturbances or plays back information previously stored on a
the faulty part of the power grid. This is why the protective relay
disturbance recorder. This permits nearly all forms of waveforms and
equipment must be able to distinguish between permissible heavy
transients to be generated.
load conditions and hazardous operational disturbances. To avoid
unjustifiable interruptions, the protective relay equipment must not
Testing current transformers
react to disturbances beneath a specified level called the pick-up
value.
Current transformers have different cores for protection devices and
energy measurement equipment. Measurement cores are highly
Testing principles
accurate, but will go into saturation at high fault currents. The
Electric power grid protection systems guard extremely valuable
order to be able to operate properly when a fault is present. This
equipment, and protective relay equipment plays a vital role in this
can be checked by plotting an excitation curve. The relay’s
protection chain. To ensure consistent reliability, protective relay
connection to the current transformer is measured using an AC
equipment must be checked by testing at regular intervals.
voltage that is increased until the current transformer becomes
protective relay equipment must be connected to the correct core in
These tests must make certain that the protective relay equipment is
operating according to its preset settings. The test equipment
supplies the relay protection equipment with inputs that correspond
to different faults and different operating situations. Pick-up values
saturated. Voltage is then plotted as a function of current, and the
knee of the curve indicates saturation. Since the knee is much
higher for the relay core than the core used for measuring purposes
you can easily see whether or not the relay is connected to the
correct core.
are approached by gradually changing the magnitudes of these
inputs. Quick, selective disconnection in the event of a fault also
Current transformers must also have the correct transformation
requires correct operating times. These can be measured by
ratio. This can be tested by injecting high current on the primary
supplying the protective relay equipment with inputs that exceed by
side, while simultaneously measuring the current in the secondary
a wide margin the pick-up value while simultaneously measuring
winding. Current transformers are tested, for the most part, in
the time that elapses prior to tripping.
connection with commissioning. Since automatic testing proceeds
There are two main principles for testing protective relay
at high speed and can be conducted repeatedly in exactly the same
equipment. For primary injection testing, high current is injected on
way, the time and effort devoted to preparations made before the
the primary side of the current transformer. The entire chain –
first test are well worthwhile.
current transformer, conductors, connection points, relay protection
and sometimes circuit breakers as well – is covered by the test.
The system being tested must be taken out of operation during
primary injection testing (usually conducted in connection with
commissioning and also when secondary circuits are not accessible).
For secondary injection testing, the protective relay equipment is
disconnected from the measuring transformers and the circuit
breaker. Current and voltage is fed directly to the protective relay
equipment, and the system being tested does not have to be taken
out of operation.
If a relay’s curves/characteristics are to be tested at many points or
angles, repeated manual adjustment of the test equipment is time
consuming. Test equipment that can conduct a test automatically in
accordance with a plan drawn up in advance is much faster and far
more convenient. Moreover, the time during which the protective
relay equipment is out of operation is minimized and the test can be
conducted in exactly the same way every time it is run.
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SMRT36
Relay test system
ApplicationsSPECIFICATIONS
guide
Protective Relays
by IEEE Device #
SMRT 36
Single
Channel
SMRT 36
Two
Channels
SMRT 36
Three
Channels
2 Time Delay
n
n
n
21 Distance
Single Phase
n
n
n
n
n
21 Distance Three Phase
Open Delta
21 Distance
Three Phase Wye
24 Volts/Hz
Model STV1
n
n
25 Synchronizing
n
n
n
n
27/59 Under/Over
Voltage
n
n
n
32 Directional Power
Single Phase
n
n
n
n
n
32 Directional Power
Three Phase (Open Delta)
37/76 DC Under/Over
Voltage/Current
n
n
n
40 Loss of Field
n
n
n
46 Phase Balance Current
n
n
n
46N Negative Sequence
Overcurrent
n
n
n
n
n
Up to 75
Amps
Up to
150
Amps
Up to 35
Amps
SMRT36
n
n
n
Small, rugged, lightweight and powerful
n
High current, high power (60 Amps/300 VA rms) per
phase
Up to 225
Amps
n
n
Network interface provides IEC 61850 test capabilities
Up to 70
Amps
Up to 105
Amps
Description
n
n
n
Single
Phase
n
n
67 Directional
Overcurrent
n
n
n
67N Ground Directional
Overcurrent
n
n
n
78 Out of Step
n
n
n
79 Reclosing
n
n
n
81 Frequency
n
n
n
85 Carrier or Pilot Wire
n
n
n
87 Differential
n
n
n
(Open Delta)
n
n
92 Voltage and Power
Directional (Open Delta)
n
n
n
n
47 Phase Sequence
Voltage (Open Delta)
50 Instantaneous
Overcurrent
51 Time Delay
Overcurrent
55 Power Factor
60 Voltage / Current
Balance (Open Delta)
91 Voltage Directional
94 Tripping
n
Operate with or without a computer
Intuitive manual operation with Smart Touch View
Interface
Fully automated testing using AVTS software
The SMRT is the next generation of Megger programmable
secondary relay test systems designed specifically to test
microprocessor, solid state, and electromechanical relays. The
SMRT36 may be customized by adding the number of VoltageCurrent channels, “VIGEN” modules, needed for specific test
applications (see Applications Selection).
The SMRT36 test system has the ability to be manually
controlled with Megger’s new Smart Touch View Interface™
(STVI). The STVI, with its large, full color, high resolution, TFT
LCD touch screen allows the user to perform manual, steadystate and dynamic testing quickly and easily using the manual
test screen, as well as using built-in preset test routines for
most popular relays.
The STVI eliminates the need for a computer when testing
virtually all types of relays. Menu screens and touch screen
function buttons are provided to quickly and easily select the
desired test function. Tests results can be saved to the STVI for
download to a memory stick to transfer or print test reports.
For full automatic testing the SMRT36 may be controlled
by Megger Advanced Visual Test Software (AVTS). AVTS is
a Microsoft® Windows® XP®/Vista™/7 compatible software
program designed to manage all aspects of protective relay
testing using the new Megger SMRT.
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SMRT36
Relay test system
3
2
1
SPECIFICATIONS
Input power
4
100 to 240 Volts (± 10%) AC,
1Ø, 50/60 Hz, 1800 VA
Outputs
5
16
All outputs are independent from sudden changes in mains voltage and
frequency, and are regulated so changes in load impedance do not affect
the output. Amplifier outputs are available fully isolated or with grounded
common returns.
6
15
Output current source
The SMRT36 with three VIGEN modules can provide up to six current
sources; three high current/high power, and three convertible channels
providing lower current/high power. The per channel output current and
power ratings are specified in AC rms values and peak power ratings.
Output current Power Max V / Duty cycle
1 Ampere 15 VA
15.0 Vrms Continuous
4 Amperes 200 VA (282 peak) 50.0 Vrms Continuous
15 Amperes 200 VA (282 peak) 13.4 Vrms Continuous
30 Amperes 200 VA (282 peak) 6.67 Vrms Continuous
60 Amperes 300 VA (424 peak) 5.00 Vrms 90 Cycles
DC 200 Watts
7
14
8 9 10
11 12
13
1. Binary outputs 1 and 2: Rated for 300 V at 8 Amps.
2. Binary inputs 1 and 2: Rated 5 to 300 V AC/DC
3. Voltage outputs: Up to 3 channels 300 V at 150 VA, convertible to currents 15 A at 120 VA per phase.
With three currents in parallel:
Output volts Power 12 Amperes 600 VA (848 peak) 45 Amperes 600 VA (848 peak) 90 Amperes 600 VA (848 peak) 180 Amperes 900 VA (1272 peak)
Max I
50.0 Vrms Continuous
13.4 Vrms Continuous
6.67 Vrms Continuous
5.00 Vrms 90 Cycles
With two currents in series:
The compliance voltage doubles to provide 4.0 Amperes at 100 Volts rms.
4. Current outputs: Up to 3 channels 60 Amps at 300 VA per phase. Up 180 Amps at 900 VA single phase.
5. USB 2.0 interface: Communication and control port.
6. Additional binary inputs: Provides 8 additional monitor circuits.
7. Rugged case: Polymeric material.
8. PC/61850 Ethernet port is the primary PC connection port. This port may also be used for connecting to the IEC 61850 substation bus for testing IEC 61850 devices.
9.
Additional binary outputs: Adds 4 outputs. Binary outputs 3 and 4 are rated for 300 V AC/DC, 8 amperes. Binary outputs 5 and 6 are high speed and have an AC/DC voltage rating of 400 volts peak, 1 ampere.
10.OUT: Ethernet port used to chain multiple SMRT units together for synchronous multi-unit operation. 11.STVI: Ethernet port is a PoE (Power over Ethernet) port and is used to connect to the STVI for manual control.
12.Battery simulator: Variable 5 to 250 Volts DC output at 100 Watts (4 amperes maximum).
Current amplifier - Extended power range
The SMRT current amplifier provides a unique flat power curve from 4
to 30 Amperes per phase to permit testing of electromechanical high
impedance relays, and other high burden applications, with an extended
operating range up to 60 Amperes at 300 VA rms.
AC voltage output
Outputs are rated with the following ranges:
Output Volts Power 30 Volts 150 VA 150 Volts 150 VA 300 Volts 150 VA DC 150 Watts
Duty cycle: Continuous
Max I
5 Amps
Variable2
0.5 Amps
13.Incoming power / Line cord socket: 100 to 240 V, 50/60 Hz.
14.Protective earth ground jack.
15.POWER ON/OFF Switch: Illuminates when power is on.
16.Bluetooth: Bluetooth® provides wireless control.
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SMRT36
Relay test system
PowerV™ voltage amplifier - extended power range
The SMRT voltage amplifier provides a flat power curve from 30 to 150
Volts in the 150 V range to permit testing of high current applications
such as panel testing.
Voltage amplifier in current mode:
Output current Power Max V Duty Cycle
5 Amperes 150 VA (212 peak) 30.0 Vrms Continuous
15 Amperes 120 VA 8.0 Vrms 90 Cycles
Metering
Measured output quantities such as AC Amperes, AC Volts, DC Volts
or DC Amperes, and Time may be simultaneously displayed on the
large, color TFT LCD touch screen. The AC and DC outputs display the
approximate voltage/current output prior to initiation of the outputs.
AC voltage amplitude
Accuracy
±0.05% reading + 0.02% range
typical, ±0.15% reading + 0.05%
range maximum
Resolution
.01
Measurement
AC RMS
Frequency
The output modules provide a variable frequency output with the
following ranges and accuracy.
Ranges
DC
0.001 to 1000.000 Hz
Output amplifiers can provide transient signals with a range of
DC to 10 kHz for transient playback using COMTRADE files.
Resolution*: .0001/.001 Hz
Frequency Accuracy:
2.5 ppm typical
25 ppm 0° to 50 °C, at 50/60 Hz Maximum
Ranges
30, 150, 300 V
Total harmonic distortion
Less than 0.1% typical, 2% maximum at 50/60 Hz
Accuracy
0.1% range typical,
0.25% range maximum
PowerV™ output current varies depending on the voltage setting on
the 150 Volt range, see curve.
Resolution
0.1
Measurement
RMS
Timer
The Timer-Monitor Input is designed to monitor and time-tag inputs,
like a sequence of events recorder. In addition, the binary input controls
enable the user to perform logic AND/OR functions, and conditionally
control the binary output relay to simulate circuit breaker, trip, reclose
and carrier control operation in real-time. The timer function displays in
Seconds or cycles, with the following range and resolution:
Seconds: 0.0001 to 99999.9
(Auto ranging)
Cycles: 0.01 to 99999.9
(Auto ranging)
Accuracy: ±0.001% of reading, typical. ±2 least significant digit,
±0.005% of reading from 0 to 50° C maximum
Range
30, 150, 300 V
Phase angle
Ranges 0.00 to 359.99 degrees, Counter Clock Wise, or Clock Wise
rotation, or 0.00 to ±180.00 degrees
Accuracy: ± 0.02° typical, ± 0.25° max at 50/60 Hz
2
Binary Input – Start/Stop/Monitor Gate
To monitor operation of relay contacts or trip SCR, continuity light is
provided for the input gate. Upon sensing continuity the lamp will glow.
In addition to serving as wet/dry contacts the binary inputs may be
programmed to trigger binary output sequence(s).
Input rating: up to 300 V AC/DC
Binary output relays
SMRT36 has independent, galvanically isolated, output relay contacts to
accurately simulate relay or power system inputs to completely test relays
removed from the power system. The binary output simulates normally
open / normally closed contacts for testing breaker failure schemes. The
binary output can be configured to change state based on binary input
logic.
High Current Output Relays: The first two VIGEN modules have
1 each, and the SMRT36 “P” model adds 2 more.
AC rating: 400 V max., Imax: 8 amps, 2000 VA max.
DC rating: 300 V max., Imax: 8 amps, 80 W
Response time: <10 ms
High speed output relays: SMRT36 “P” Model adds 2
AC/DC rating: 400 V peak, Imax: 1 amp
Response time: <1 ms typical
Waveform generation
Each output channel can generate a variety of output waveforms such
as: DC; sine wave; sine wave with percent harmonics at various phase
angles; half waves; square waves with variable duty cycles; exponential
decays; periodic transient waveforms from digital fault recorders, relays
with waveform recording capability or EMTP/ATP programs, which
conform to the IEEE C37.111 COMTRADE standard format.
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AC current amplitude
Accuracy
±0.05 % reading +0.02% range
typical, ±0.15% reading
+0.05% range maximum
Resolution
.001/.01
Measurement
AC RMS
Ranges
30, 150, 300 V
DC voltage amplitude
DC current amplitude
Accuracy
0.1% range typical,
0.25% range maximum
Resolution
0.1
Measurement
RMS
Ranges
30 A
Convertible source in AC current mode
Accuracy
±0.05% reading +0.02% range
typical,
±0.15% reading +0.05% range
or ±12.5 mA whichever is greater
Resolution
.001
Measurement
AC RMS
Range
5, 15 A
Environmental
Operating temperature
0 ºC to 50 °C (32 °F to 122 °F)
Storage temperature
-25 ºC to 70 ºC (-13 °F to 158 ºF)
Relative humidity
5 - 90% RH, Non-condensing
Specification continued
Dimensions
With the lid on
360 W x 194 H x 305 D mm
(14.2 W x 7.6 H x 12.0 D in.)
With the lid off
360 W x 180 H x 305 D mm
(14.2 W x 7.2 H x 12.0 D in.)
IEC enclosure rating
IP30
Weight
With the transit lid on
12.55 kg (27.9 lb.)
With the transit lid off
11.6 kg (28.5 lb.)
Specification continued
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SMRT36
Relay test system
Conformance standards
Safety
Included accessories
EN 61010-1, UL 61010-1, CSAC22.2 #61010-1
Shock, Vibration and Transit Drop
Power Cord - depending on the style number, the unit will come
with one of the following,
Line cord, North American
620000
Shock
MIL-PRF-28800F (30g/11ms
half-sine)
Line cord, with CEE 7/7 Schuko Plug
50425
Vibration
MIL-RFP-28800F (5-500 Hz,
2.05 g rms)
Line cord, International color coded wire
Steady cold
MIL-STD-810, Method 502.2
Cold storage
MIL-STD-810, Method 502.2
Hot storage
MIL-STD-810, Method 501.2
Steady dry heat
MIL-STD-810, Method 501.2
Electromagnetic Compatibility
Emissions
EN 61326-2-1, EN 61000-32/3, FCC Subpart B of Part 15
Class A
Immunity
EN 61000-4-2/3/4/5/6/8/11
Protection
Voltage outputs are protected from short circuits and thermally protected
against prolonged overloads. Current outputs are protected against open
circuits and thermally protected against prolonged overloads.
Communication interfaces
Ethernet (2), USB 2.0, Bluetooth (optional)
Software
AVTS – STVI Basic
Every unit comes with AVTS Basic software and the PC version of the
STVI Basic software packages. AVTS Basic version includes Online Vector
control (for single and multi-state timing tests), Online Ramp control (for
automatic ramping of voltage, current, phase angles or frequency) and
Online Click-On-Fault (for dynamic tests of impedance relays). Test results
may be exported directly to Microsoft Word. AVTS software includes a
database for saving test results, which can also provide the necessary
information needed for system reliability audits.
The PC version of the STVI software includes the ability to bring all STVI
test data (from other STVI units) into file folders for retrieval and review
whenever needed.
AVTS Advanced
The AVTS Advanced version includes the powerful Test Editor, Dynamic
Control (includes dynamic end-to-end testing capability, and waveform
recording capability), Modbus communication test capability, ASPEN
OneLiner™ or Electrocon CAPE™ SS1 File Converter for dynamic testing,
and easy to use programming Tools for creating and editing test modules.
Ethernet Crossover Cable
Ethernet crossover cable for interconnection to PC,
210 cm (7 ft.) long (Qty. 1 ea)
Instruction manual CD
15065
620094
80989
Deluxe test leads and accessories kit
The test leads and test lead accessories are an option.
Test leads and accessories can be ordered with the unit,
or later as a kit. The deluxe test leads and accessories
kit includes sleeved pairs of leads for use with the extra
binary inputs/outputs/battery simulator option, as well
as the three phase sleeved combination leads for voltage
and current channels. The following test leads and test
lead accessories are included in the deluxe test leads and
accessories kit in quantities shown.
1001-619
Sleeved combination voltage test leads
Keeps the test leads from getting entangled.
Sleeved three phase test leads,
three red and black, 200 cm (78.7”) long,
600 V, 32 Amperes CAT II (Qty. 1 ea)
2001-395
Sleeved combination current test leads
Keeps the test leads from getting entangled.
Sleeved three phase test leads, three red and black,
200 cm (78.7”) long, 600 V, 32 Amperes CAT II
(Qty. 1 ea)
2001-396
Sleeved pair test leads
One red, one black, 200 cm (78.7”) long, 600 V,
32 Amperes CAT II, (Qty. 5 pair)
2001-394
Jumper lead
Black, 12.5 cm (5”) long,
use with voltage/current outputs,
600 V, 32 Amps CAT II (Qty. 4 ea.)
2001-573
Cable/Spade lug adapter (small)
Small lug fits most new relay small terminal blocks.
Lug adapter, red, 4.1 mm, use with test leads up to
1000 V/ 20 Amps CAT II (Qty. 15 ea.)
684004
Lug adapter
Black, 4.1 mm, use with test leads up to 1000 V/
20 amps CAT II (Qty. 15 ea.)
684005
AVTS Professional
The AVTS Professional version includes all of the features of the Basic and
Advanced versions plus some other powerful test tools and features. It
includes the DFR Waveform Viewer, One-Touch™ Test for fully automatic
tests, and Waveform Digitizer to digitize scanned waveforms of
electromechanical over current time curves.
IEC 61850 GOOSE
The SMRT with the GOOSE enabled, in conjunction with the Megger
GOOSE Configurator (MGC) software, can be used in the testing or
commissioning of IEC 61850 compliant devices.
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SMRT36
Relay test system
Ordering Information
SPECIFICATIONS
Style Number Identification
Model SMRT36-
0
S
Test Leads Option
Enter 1 = With Leads
Enter 0 = Without Option
Voltage/Current Modules
Enter 1, 2, or 3
Reserved for Future Use
Enclosure Options
Enter S = Standard
rugged field enclosure
Base Unit Options
Enter N = No Extra Binary Inputs / Outputs
Enter P = Plus Binary I/O and Bat Simulator
IEC61850 Option
Enter 1 = With Option
Enter 0 = Without Option
Smart Touch View Interface Option
Enter 1 = With STVI-1
Enter 0 = Without STVI-1
Power Cord Option
Enter A = North American Power Cord Enter I = International Power Cord
Enter E = Continental Europe Power Cord
Common Returns Option
Enter F = Floating Ungrounded Returns
Enter G = Grounded Common Returns
Bluetooth Option
Enter 1 = With Bluetooth option
Enter 0 = Without Bluetooth option
Description of Software Options
#
Included Software
1
AVTS Basic
2
STVI Application CD 1
2
3
4
Software Options
AVTS Advanced Test AVTS Advanced Test with IEC 61850 Megger GOOSE Configurator AVTS Professional Test
AVTS Professional Test with IEC 61850 Megger GOOSE Configurator
Part Number
544244
81302
544245
1001-037
544246
1001-038
Descriptions of Hardware Options
Voltage/Current Module: The SMRT 36 unit can have up to a total of 3 voltage/current modules. Enter the number of desired Voltage / Current
modules 1, 2 or 3.
Future: 0, Reserved for future use.
Base Unit Options: The first two channels provide 1 binary input and 1 binary output each. Enter N for No extra binary I/O or battery simulator.
For the user who requires the extra binary inputs, outputs and/or the battery simulator enter P for Plus option.
Smart Touch View Interface Option: Enter the number 1 for the unit to come with the STVI, or enter the number 0 for without.
Common Returns Option: Enter F for floating returns and G for grounded common returns. The floating returns option provides independent,
isolated return terminals for each output channel. The second option is G for grounded common returns, where return terminals are
interconnected internally and connected to chassis ground.
Bluetooth Option: For customers, who wish to have a wireless control of the SMRT unit, enter the number 1 for the unit to come with the
Bluetooth option, or enter 0 for without.
Power Cord Option: Customers can choose which type of power cord they want the unit to come with.
n Customers in North America, and other countries that use standard NEMA type power outlets, enter A.
n Customers in countries like Australia, India, or the United Kingdom, enter I for the International Cord.
n Customers where the CEE 7 standard connector is used enter E for the Continental Europe Power Cord.
IEC 61850 Option: The SMRT36 in conjunction with the Megger GOOSE Configurator (MGC) software can be used in the testing or commissioning
of IEC 61850 compliant devices. In order for the SMRT36 to be able to subscribe as well as publish GOOSE messages, the IEC 61850 feature needs
to be enabled. Enter the number 1 for the unit to come with the IEC 61850 option enabled. Enter 0 for the unit without IEC 61850 enabled.
Enclosure Option: S for Standard, rugged, field type enclosure.
Test Leads Option: Enter the number 1 for the unit to come with Test Leads. Enter 0 for the unit without Test Leads.
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SMRT36
Relay test system
STVI, or
Binary I/O
Bat SIM, or
Test Leads
Options
Accessory carry case
Use to carry power cord, Ethernet cable,
optional STVI and test leads. Carry case may
be clipped to the SMRT enclosure, or use
carry strap to carry over shoulder.
Sleeved pair of test leads
Keeps the test leads in pairs and from
getting entangled. Sleeved test leads, one
red, one black, 200 cm (78.7”) long, 600 V,
32 Amperes CAT II.
One (1)
Voltage
Current
Module
Two (2)
Voltage
Current
Modules
Three (3)
Voltage
Current
Modules
Binary
I/O, Battery
Simulator
Option
2001-487
Qty. 1 ea.
2001-394
Qty. 3 pr.
2001-394
Qty. 6 pr.
2001-394
Qty. 2 pr.
2001-394
Qty. 3 pr.
Lug adapter
Red, 4.1 mm, use with test leads up to 1000
V/20 Amps CAT II.
684004
Qty. 3 ea.
684004
Qty. 6 ea.
684004
Qty. 12 ea.
684004
Qty. 3 ea.
Lug adapter
Black, 4.1 mm, use with test leads up to
1000 V/20 Amps CAT II.
684005
Qty. 3 ea.
684005
Qty. 6 ea.
684005
Qty. 12 ea.
684005
Qty. 3 ea.
2001-573
Qty. 2 ea.
2001-573
Qty. 4 ea.
Cable/Spade lug adapter (small)
Small lug fits most new relay small terminal
blocks.
Jumper lead
Used to common returns together on units
with floating ground returns, or parallel
of current channels. Jumper lead, black,
12.5 cm (5”) long, use with voltage/current
outputs, 600 V, 32 Amps CAT II.
Sleeved combination voltage test leads
Keeps the test leads from getting entangled.
Three common leads connect to the test set,
which are interconnected down to one black
common to connect to the relay under test.
Sleeved three phase test leads, three red and
black, 200 cm (78.7”) long, 600 V,
32 Amperes CAT II.
2001-395
Qty. 1 ea.
Sleeved combination current test leads
Keeps the test leads from getting entangled.
Three pairs of leads connect to the test
set, with three pairs to connect to the relay
under test. Sleeved three phase test leads,
three red and black, 200 cm (78.7”) long,
600 V, 32 Amperes CAT II.
2001-396
Qty. 1 ea.
For more info...
regarding this product, including all the optional
accessories
Visit our website - www.megger.com
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AVTS 4.0
Advanced visual test software
Online Vector Control
AVTS 4.0
n
n
n
n
Powerful, easy-to-use Microsoft® Windows® 2000/XP®/
VistaTM compatible
Designed to manage all aspects of protective relay
testing using the SMRT or MPRT Relay Test Set
Now loaded with more features and capabilities:
n Click-on-fault
n Dynamic control
n Binary search
n Waveform recorder
n SS1 file reader
n Modbus communications
Optional IEC 61850 test capability
Description
Click-On-Fault RIO Import of SEL 321 characteristic
AVTS is a Microsoft Windows 2000/XP/Vista software program
designed to manage all aspects of protective relay testing
using the Megger SMRT, MPRT or older PULSAR relay test
sets. More flexibility has been added as well as some new and
powerful features. AVTS comes in three different levels:
n
n
n
Basic
Advanced
Professional
Every MPRT unit comes with AVTS Basic. The Basic version includes Online Vector, Ramp and Click-OnFault controls with the ability to import, save and execute
test modules. In addition, the Basic version includes enhanced
Test Editor window
Relay Test wizards, including new wizards not previously
available.
The Professional version includes all of the features of the
The Advanced version includes the Test Editor, Dynamic
Basic and Advanced versions plus some new and powerful
Control, Modbus, SS1 Converter, End-to-End test macros
features. It includes the DFR Waveform Viewer, One-Touch
and basic programming Tools for creating and editing test
Test, editor, and Waveform Digitizer.
modules.
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AVTS 4.0
Advanced visual test software
Basic
Advanced
Professional
SPECIFICATIONS
The Online Vector Control allows the user to have direct control of the Relay Test System. Up to sixteen
vector states may be created and sequenced back through the test system. Now includes timer function
for timing a given vector state.
n
n
n
Online Vector Control
n
n
n
Online Ramp Control
Preramp (prefault), Ramp 1 and Ramp 2 are available for use to be played back through the test
system. Automatically Ramp or Pulse Ramp outputs. PulseRamp provides the capability to determine
reach points on multi-zone distance relays without having to defeat the zone timing elements, and
provides pre-fault load conditions for relays that require it. Enable timer control with either ramp.
PulseRamp is available down to the basic level.
n
n
n
On-Line Click On Fault
The user can define the type of operating characteristic using the AVTS Theoretical Control or Import
files in the RIO file format, then click at a point on the characteristic that they wish to test for, either as
a Shot, or using the Search features. If using the Search the test will progress down a line, using click
and drag, either as a ramp or a pulse ramp looking for the relay to operate. Test results appear in the
RX diagram along with the theoretical operating characteristic of the relay.
RIO File Format
RIO file import allows the user to import an existing RIO file into the click-on-fault R/X diagram ready to
proceed with the test.
n
n
n
DFR Playback
Import and execute relay test modules, which contain DFR playback files created using the DFR
Waveform Viewer Tool.
n
n
n
Fault Calculator
Calculate fault values for Ø-Ø, Ø-N, and 3 Ø faults. Use line voltage, line Z and angle, relay volts and
angle, relay amps and Z0/Z1.
n
n
n
Import, Save, and Execute Test Modules
Import relay test files and execute selected tests. Save results to built-in Microsoft Access compatible
data base, and print results.
n
n
n
Overcurrent Wizard
Provides automatic testing of overcurrent relays, including pickup, timing characteristic using IEEE/ IEC
formulas, Instantaneous, DC target and seal-in tests.
n
n
n
Over/Under Voltage Wizard
Provides automatic testing of over and under voltage relays, including pickup, timing characteristic and
DC target and seal-in tests.
n
n
n
Distance Wizard
Provides automatic testing of distance relays. Ø-Ø, Ø-G, and 3 Phase faults are available. Test result
graphics are displayed in an R X plane.
n
n
n
Differential Wizard
Provides automatic testing current differential relays, including pickup, slope (includes capability to
control up to 8 currents for differential characteristic), and 2nd, 3rd and 5th harmonic restraint tests on
transformer differential relays.
n
n
n
Frequency Wizard
Provides automatic testing of under/over frequency relays, including pickup and timing.
n
n
n
Transducer Testing with Touch-View Interface or AVTS software
Use the TVI to do manual testing of all types of transducers. Results maybe saved to the internal
memory, downloaded to AVTS and printed later. AVTS users may create a test for any type transducer
using the Test Editor Screen and the Analog Input control tool.
i
n
n
Test Editor
Provides editing tools for modifying tests.
n
n
Feature
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AVTS 4.0
Advanced visual test software
Professional
Description
Advanced
Feature
Basic
SPECIFICATIONS
n
n
Dynamic Control
Accessed through the Test Editor Screen, the Dynamic Control provides dynamic multi-state testing
of relays with more flexibility and choices than Vector Control. A “state” can be voltage(s), current(s),
phase angle(s), timers, start and stop the analog recorder, set Boolean logic for the binary inputs, set
binary output(s), or even use variables to set values. The test transitions from one state to another after
a programmed time delay of either milliseconds or cycles, or after a trigger condition. In addition, the
Dynamic Control allows the user to easily build harmonic waveforms with frequencies up to 1000 Hz.
Basic Programming Tool
Provides control tool in the Test Editor. Basic programs can be written using the test system command
set for special testing applications.
n
n
Used in conjunction with specific Megger Test Modules to automatically download relay settings (into
the AVTS setting screen) from microprocessor based relays, which use the Modbus protocol, for full
automatic one-touch testing.
n
n
Modbus Communications
SS1 files are generated using Power System Simulation software programs by Electrocon® CAPE™ or
Aspen One-liner®. By modeling the power system and using the SS1 files, the relay can then be tested
dynamically using realistic system test scenarios.
n
n
SS1 File Converter
Import Aspen Relay
Database®
Capability to import relay settings directly from Aspen Relay Database®.
n
n
End-to-End Test Macro
“End-to-End” testing is used to describe the testing of an entire line protection scheme. This includes
all protective relays, interface equipment, and any communication equipment.
n
n
n
n
Recorder
In association with the new Dynamic Control is a new Recorder feature, which not only records the
action of the binary inputs and outputs, but it also records the actual analogue waveforms of the MPRT
voltage and current outputs. Use this new feature to capture and verify analogue output values. Use to
monitor Binary Inputs and Outputs to capture and troubleshoot single-pole or three-pole coordination
or suspected contact bounce situations. Use to capture multi-state playback to evaluate complex
reclosing schemes. It will even record complex waveforms generated by the SMRT/MPRT, which could
be used for harmonic evaluations.
Provides digitizing tools to create digital time curves for old electromechanical relay time curves (that
do not fit any time curve algorithm) up to the most complex relay operating characteristics. Good for
digitizing scanned waveforms (like from a light-beam chart recorder).
n
Waveform Digitizer
n
One-Touch
Test Editor control tool, used in conjunction with specific Megger Test Modules, to download relay
settings (into the AVTS settings screen) from microprocessor based relays for full automatic one-touch
testing. Used with VB script to auto test SEL relays and new MODBUS to auto test GE UR and selected
Multilin relays.
DFR Waveform Viewer and Playback
Import, view, modify and replay Digital Fault Recordings or EMTP/ATP simulations that are in the
COMTRADE file format.
n
Ordering information
Product
AVTS Basic Software
Included with the purchase of an MPRT
Relay Test System
Order Code
5442444
AVTS Advanced Software
544245
AVTS Professional Software
544246
Extended Software Support Program
10629
1 to 2 users
10098
1 to 5 additional users
10097
Www.megger.com
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9
MGTR
GPS timing reference
SPECIFICATIONS
Input power
MGTR
n
n
Small and lightweight
n
100 ns accuracy within minutes of startup, 12-channel
GPS timing receiver
n
Near-rubidium stability during temporary GPS signal loss
Easy to use programmable output pulse for synchronized
end-to-end testing
AC/DC adapter
90 to 265 VAC, 47-63 Hz
to 24 VDC, 400 mA w/4 plug kit
Disciplined oscillator
High performance ovensized
control (OCXO)
Long-term stability
1 x 10-12 after 24 hours tracking
Short-term stability
1 x 10-11 after 1 second tracking
Accuracy while coasting
1 x 10-10 per day after 3 days of
locked operation
Time to first fix (typical)
Hot Start: <30 seconds (with valid almanac, time, date, position
and ephemeris)
Warm start: <60 seconds (with valid almanac, time, date and position)
Cold start: <3 minutes typical
Programmable output pulse
Drive
TTL into 50ø
Rise/Fall time
10 ns Maximum
Description
Pulse width
Programmable from
1 µs – 250 ms
The MGTR is a small, light-weight, field portable, GPS
Polarity
Selectable, positive/negative
satellite receiver system specifically designed to perform
Resolution
100 ns
end-to-end tests of line protection schemes, with Megger
Accuracy
100 ns RMS
SMRT, MPRT and Pulsar relay test systems. The MGTR
External event input
TTL/CMOS level, edge-triggered, polarity selectable
provides a precise Programmed Output Pulse (POP), with
100 nanoseconds of resolution. This output pulse provides
Resolution
100 ns
a trigger synchronization of two or more SMRT, MPRT or
Accuracy
100 ns RMS
Pulsar test systems to less than ±1 µ Sec of the Universal Time
MUX 1 output
The output is user selectable. Outputs available are: 1, 10,
100 kHz, 1, 5, 10 MHz, 1 PPS
Coordinated (UTC).
The unit comes with a 50 foot (15.2 m) long cable and all-
Drive
TTL into 50ø
weather, high-performance, high noise immunity antenna
Rise/Fall time
10 ns Maximum
with an integrated low-noise preamplifier. Control of the
1 PPS output
(Referenced to UTC)
MGTR is through a standard RS-232 serial connection and
Drive
TTL into 50ø
an adapter cable with a 9-pin D-sub connect. Software is
Rise time
10 ns Maximum
provided to communicate to, and control, the MGTR unit.
Pulse width
Positive pulse, 1 ms nominal,
rising edge on-time.
Accuracy
100 ns RMS
10 MHz output
Standard frequency output 10 MHz. High spectral purity sinewave,
+10 dBm into 50ø, ±2 dB
Ordering information
Product
Megger GPS timing reference unit
Temperature range (MGTR)
Order Code
MGTR
MGTR Includes
Instruction manual (1 ea)
750018
MGTR receiver unit, with Software CD (1 ea.)
569010
Control cable assy. (1 ea.)
620082
GPS Antenna kit (1 ea.)
801055
Antenna kit contains the following
GPS Antenna (1 ea.)
650016
15 m 50 ft. cable (1 ea.) 620083
4 inch SS Antenna mount (1 ea.)
650017
AC/DC Power adapter (1 ea.)
561024
Optional accessories
Soft-sided transit case (1 ea.)
9
206
MC6674
Operating
-20 °C to 70 °C (14 °F to 158 °F)
Storage
-40 °C to 85 °C (-6 °F to 185 °F)
Relative humidity (MGTR)
95% RH, Non-condensing
Dimensions
MGTR unit enclosure
104.8 W x 38.1 H x 101.6 D mm
(4.125 W x 1.5 H x 4.0 D in.)
MGTR unit weight
0.453 kg (1.0 lbs.)
Safety
IEC 61010-1, Amendments 1 and 2
Enclosure
The unit comes mounted in a rugged enclosure for field portability. An
optional padded soft-sided carry case is available. The soft-sided carry
case protects the unit from light rain and dust. The soft case also has
pockets to hold the antenna, cables and AC/DC power supply.
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
GOOSER
IEC 61850 test system
Description
The GOOSER™ is the world’s first general purpose IEC
61850-8-1 GOOSE test equipment, dedicated to test
the GOOSE horizontal communication in substation
protection/control applications.
The GOOSER can convert a GOOSE message received
on its rear Ethernet port into binary output and it can
convert a binary input into a GOOSE message and publish
it at its rear Ethernet port. The conversion time is typically
0.6 ms.
The GOOSER is equipped with 10 binary inputs and 10
binary outputs. Using these it can convert simultaneously
up to 20 GOOSE messages.
Binary inputs of the GOOSER can react on DC-voltage
presence (voltage sense or “wet” contact mode) or can
independently detect an applied closed/open contact
(contact sense or “dry” contact mode).
GOOSER
n
For high speed operation the binary outputs of the
GOOSER are solid state, fully protected against incorrect
connections and short circuits. These have a strong
breaking capacity to drive inductive loads like auxiliary
relays.
The GOOSER has two physically isolated Ethernet ports:
front and rear. The GOOSE messages are transferred
by the firmware from the rear port to the front port,
where the messages can be visualized using the provided
PC-GOOSER software or with any third party network
analyzer.
n
n
n
n
Reliable testing of IEC 61850 relays using any conventional relay test set
Separate Ethernet ports for the substation LAN and the controlling PC forming a Safe Substation Bus Access Point
Seamless interaction between SCL GOOSE and GOOSE “sniffing”
GOOSE merge – SCL GOOSE vs captured GOOSE for network troubleshooting and SCD file validation at FAT
Stand alone functionality – download a configuration and run
n
Patent pending
This functionality allows the GOOSER to act as a secure
and safe substation access point.
With the 6.4” color touch screen on the front panel the
GOOSER can be used without the need for a PC. The
GOOSER configuration files are read from a memory stick
inserted in the USB port on the front panel.
The software PC-GOOSER provides mapping of the binary
inputs and outputs of the GOOSER to the desired GOOSE
messages. The GOOSE messages are read from available
SCL (Substation Configuration Language) files or may
be automatically detected by scanning the substation
network in search of available published GOOSE
messages. This process is known as GOOSE “sniffing”.
The PC-GOOSER also provides advanced network
trouble-shooting tasks such as comparing the GOOSE
messages available on the network with the GOOSE
messages described on the SCL files with GOOSE Merge
functionality; this is also a powerful tool for validating
the horizontal communication description (GOOSE) in the
supplied SCD file at Factory Acceptance Tests (FAT) in IEC
61850 substations.
Www.megger.com
207
9
GOOSER
IEC 61850 test system
Specifications GOOSER
The specifications are valid for nominal voltage supply and at an
ambient temperature of +25 °C (77 °F). Specifications are subject
to change without notice.
Conversion time GOOSE – Electric signal
Environment
Publishable GOOSE messages
Application field
The instrument is intended for use
in high-voltage substations and
industrial environments.
Measurement category
CAT I, transient voltage 1500 V
Temperature, operating
0 °C to +50 °C (32 °F to +122 °F)
Temperature storage & transp. -20 °C to +70 °C (-4 °F to +158 °F)
Vibration
IEC 60068-2 - 6
Shock (non-operating)
IEC 60068-2-27
Humidity
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
Altitude (operational)
<3000 m
Pollution degree
2
0,6 ms typical
0,5 ms typical
GOOSE gBinary Output
Binary Input gGOOSE
Boolean, 2-bit String,
Explicit and one level structured
data set. Value according to
mapped Input or default or sniffed
data if not mapped.
Explicit and one level structured
data set. Value according to
default or sniffed data
n-bit String, Integer, Real,
Time
SCL file importing
From IEC 61850 Edition 1
From IEC 61850 Edition 2
cid, scd, icd, xml
sed, iid
CE marking
EMC
LVD
2004/108/EC
2006/95/EC
General
Mains voltage
Current consumption
Fuses, F1 / F2
Dimensions
Portable version
Rack mounted version
Weight
User interface
100 – 230 V AC, 50-60 Hz
1 A (max)
F 2A
446 x 290 x 180 mm
(17.6" x 11.4" x 7.1")
19"
8.5 kg (18.7 lbs) 18.8 kg (41.4 lbs)
with accessories and transport case
6" LCD touchscreen
Order Code
10
GOOSER Portable version
Incl. PC-GOOSER
CL-19000
250 V DC
Approx. 15 V DC
Self-protected against wrong
connection
Small LED
Groupwise 3+3+2+2
GOOSER Portable version
Incl. PC-GOOSER, Ethernet cable 2 m (GA-00982), Ethernet
cable 10 m (GA-00984), USB memory stick, cable kit for
GOOSER test cables (GA-00020) and soft case (GD-00215)
CL-19090
GOOSER Portable version
Incl. PC-GOOSER, Ethernet cable 2 m (GA-00982), Ethernet
cable 10 m (GA-00984), USB memory stick, cable kit for
GOOSER test cables (GA-00020) and hard case (GD-00500)
CL-19091
GOOSER 19” rack mounting version
Incl. PC-GOOSER
CL-19005
GOOSER 19” rack mounted version
Incl. PC-GOOSER, Ethernet cable 2 m (GA-00982), Ethernet
cable 10 m (GA-00984), USB memory stick, cable kit for
GOOSER test cables (GA-00020) and hard case (GD-00500)
CL-19095
BINARY INPUTS
Number
Voltage sense
Max voltage
Transition level
Protection
User feedback
Galvanic isolation
Contact sense
Output voltage
Short-circuit current
19 VDC
15 mA
BINARY OUTPUTS
Number
Protection
Type
Rated current range
Rated voltage range
Breaking capacity DC at
L/R <= 40 ms
Galvanic isolation
Withstand voltage
User feedback
10
Self-protected against wrong
connection. Built-in current limiter
Normally open solid state contact
0 – 250 mA DC
48 – 220 V DC
110 V DC 0.25 A
10 separate outputs
250 V DC
Small LED
Communication ports
IEC 61850
PC COM
USB MEMORY
Ethernet RJ-45 100 Mbps
Ethernet RJ-45 100 Mbps
USB 2.0 type A
Mappable GOOSE messages to inputs/outputs
Boolean (single point
indication)
2-bit string (double point
indication)
9
208
Ordering information
Product
Explicit and one level structured
data set
Explicit and one level structured
data set
Optional
PC-GOOSER
Windows® software 1 to 4 licenses
CL-8302E
PC-GOOSER
Windows® software 5 or more licenses
CL-8402E
Electrical / Fiber Optical Ethernet converter – (RJ45)/
(ST) standard multimode
HC-04260
Optical fiber cable, 5 m, ST-ST
GA-00986
Optical fiber cable, 5 m, LC-ST
GA-00987
Cable kit for GOOSER test cables
Banana plug, 2p tp black (Jumper) - 3 pcs
Test cable red, 0.25 m - 10 pcs
Test cable black, 1 m- 5 pcs
Test cable red, 1 m - 5 pcs
GA-00020
Ethernet cable, 2 m, non shielded, crossed, red
GA-00982
Ethernet cable, 3 m, shielded, straight, grey
GA-00985
Ethernet cable, 10 m, shielded, straight, grey
GA-00984
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
FREJA306
Relay test system
Application
FREJA306 is intended primarily for secondary testing of
protection relays. Virtually all types of protection relays can be
tested.
Examples of what FREJA306 can test
ANSI® No.
Distance protection relay
21
Synchronising or synchronism-check relays
25
Undervoltage relays
27
Directional power relays
32
Undercurrent or underpower relays
37
Negative sequence overcurrent relays
46
Overcurrent-/ ground fault relays
50
Inverse time overcurrent-/ ground fault relays
51
Power factor relays
55
Overvoltage relays
59
Voltage or current balance relays
60
Directional overcurrent relays
67
DC overcurrent relays
76
Phase-angle measuring or out-of-step protection
relays
Automatic reclosing devices
78
Frequency relays
81
Differential protection relays
87
Directional voltage relays
91
Voltage and power directional relays
92
79
FREJA306
nManual and PC remote control
nEasy to use
nExcellent software provides great visuals and simple
setup
n High performance amplifiers
nLightweight and portable
nUser can calibrate the unit
Description
FREJA306 is the latest member of the relay testing equipment
from Megger, quick and easy to use, like the FREJA300. The
rugged hardware design is built for field use over a wide
temperature range, with the possibilities of intelligent software
to perform rapid testing.
FREJA306 can be operated with or without a PC. After being
put into the local mode, FREJA306 can be used stand-alone
without a PC. Using the local mode is easy.
FREJA306 is an excellent choice when you want more current
outputs, higher amps (3 x 15 A + 3 x 35 A), VA or compliance
voltage. Use it to test differential relays with 6 currents, or
virtually any single or 3-phase relay.
When testing 1-phase relays, you can make use of either the
high current (over 100 A), or the very high compliance voltage.
This now makes it possible to test high impedance relays of
different kinds, like rotating disc relays, earth protection relays,
etc.
FREJA306 can also be used as a disturbance simulator and
create and generate simulated disturbances, or import actual
recorded disturbances from e.g. EMTP or COMTRADE files.
With the built-in DC source you can directly supply the
protection relay.
With use of the GPS receiver accessory, GPS200 – MGTR, several
FERJA306 can be synchronized to perform end-to-end testing
with the test sets allocated in different substations.
A FREJA300 can be upgraded to a FREJA306.
Www.megger.com
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9
FREJA306
Relay test system
Local Mode - without PC
With a PC - FREJA Win
Using the dial by turning and clicking it is easy to make the
settings. All settings are saved automatically when you exit,
but if you prefer you can assign the settings a name and save
them separately for convenient access when you conduct
your next test. The display can also show the measured value
that is being generated. This feature is equivalent to three
voltmeters and three ammeters that present RMS values for all
generators.
There are a number of instrument programs. You start the
different programs at the Control center, where you also save
and recall results. Since the test set-ups/results are saved via a
regular Microsoft® Explorer display, you can create your own
test object structures.
For FREJA Win there is no longer any license file needed and
no license keys for the FREJA test sets. Once installed on your
PC you can freely control any FREJA test set.
Local Mode General
Local Mode Rx (I)
Features and benefits
1. Binary inputs – Response-time compensated
8. Switch, PC to FREJA300/306 or relay
2. Binary outputs – Operating-time compensated
9. Distortion alarm
3. Display and buttons used in the Local mode.
10.Voltage outputs – Standard
4. Dial, press to Enter.
11.Current outputs – Standard
5. Analog inputs, HIGH, for volt- and ammeter
12.Current outputs – High-end
6. Analog inputs, LOW, for measurement transducers
13.Multiconnector for voltage (L1U, L2U, L3U, NU) and current
(L1I, L2I, L3I, NI).
7. DC-supply, connect to (12) to read the values
1
5
9
210
2
6
3
7
8
9
4
10 11
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
12
13
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
FREJA306
Relay test system
Specifications FREJA306
Specifications are valid for resistive load, nominal voltage supply
and ambient temperature +25 °C ±3 °C, (77 °F ±5.4 °F) after 30
minutes warm up time. All hardware data are for full scale values.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Measuring range
±20 mA
Resolution
SW 0.1 µA
HW 0.6 µA
0.01% typical,
0.03% guaranteed (= 6 µA)
Inaccuracy
DC voltage measuring input, LOW
Environment
Application field
DC current measuring input, LOW
For use in high-voltage substations
and industrial environments.
Measuring range
Resolution
Operating
0 °C to +50 °C (32 °F to +122 °F)
Inaccuracy
Storage & transport
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to +158 °F)
Temperature
Humidity
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
Altitude (operational)
3000 m
Full duty cycle up to 2000 m. Duty
cycle limitation based on internal
over temperature protection for
altitudes >2000 m.
CE marking
AC / DC current measuring input, HIGH 1)
Measuring range
Inaccuracy
Measuring range
Inaccuracy
LVD
2006/95/EC
Inaccuracy
Voltage AC / DC
Current AC / DC
100 – 240 V AC, 50 – 60 Hz
Binary outputs
1200 VA + 1500 VA (max)
Number
Type
Dimensions
Instrument
Transport case
450 x 224 x 410 mm
(17.7” x 8.8” x 16.1“)
610 x 345 x 660 mm
(24” x 13.6” x 26”)
Weight
Instrument
23 kg (50.7 lbs)
Transport case
12 kg (26.4 lbs)
Display
LCD
Available languages
English, French, German, Spanish,
Swedish
Measurement section
Binary inputs
Number
Type
Internal resolution time
Galvanic isolation
10 inputs (2 groups of 5
independent)
Dry or wet contacts 275 V DC,
240 V AC
Response-time compensated
50 µs
Max measuring time
Galvanically separated from the
amplifier section. Two galvanically
separated groups: 1 to 5 and 6 to 10
15264 h (636 days)
Range
Resolution
0 - 9.9 ms
0.1 ms
10 ms - 60 min
1 ms
1 h - 15264 h
1s
Www.megger.com
±220 V DC, 150 V ACRMS
DC <0.05%, AC <0.2%
Measurement, internally generated values
2004/108/EC
Mains input
(nominal)
Power consumption
±14 A DC, 10 A ACRMS
DC <0.1%, AC <0.3%
AC / DC voltage measuring input, HIGH 1)
EMC
General
±10 V
SW 0.1 mV
HW 0.3 mV
0.01% typical,
0.03% guaranteed (= 3 mV)
Break capacity AC
Break capacity DC
<1% ±1 digit
<2% ±2 digit
2 x 4 (NO & NC)
Zero-potential contacts, controlled
via software
Response time compensated
240 V AC, max 8 A, max load
2000 VA
275 V DC, max 8 A, max load 240 W
Low level outputs (Rogowski option)
Setting range
LLU
LLI
Max. output current
Inaccuracy
Resolution
Distortion (THD+N) 2)
Max. generating time
3 X 0...2 VRMS
3 X 0...2 VRMS
5 mA
<0.1% typ. (<0.2% guaranteed)
250 μV
<0.05% typ. (<0.1% guaranteed)
5 minutes
Generator section
Voltage outputs
Range
4-phase AC
1-phase AC (L-L)
DC (L-N)
Power
3-phase AC
1-phase AC (L-L)
DC (L-N)
Resolution
SW
HW
Inaccuracy 3) (guaranteed)
Distortion (THD+N) 4)
4 x 150 V
2 x 300 V
180 V
3 x 82 VA at 150 V
1 x 140 VA at 300 V
87 W
10 mV
6.5 mV
(±0.01% of range) + (±0.05% of
reading)
0.02% typical (0.04% max)
211
9
FREJA306
Relay test system
Current outputs
Generators, general
Standard outputs – L1I, L2I, L3I
Range
3-phase AC
3 x 15 A
1 x 45 A
1-phase AC 2)
DC (L-N)
15 A
3-channel DC
–
Power
3-phase AC
3 x 87 VA
1 x 250 VA
1-phase AC 2)
DC (L-N)
3 x 87 W (max)
Resolution
SW
1 mA
HW
0.65 mA
(±0.01% of range) + (±0.3% of
Inaccuracy 3) (guaranteed)
reading)
0.1% typical (0.2% max)
Distortion (THD+N) 4)
High-end outputs – Ch1, Ch2, Ch3
Voltage transients 2500 V transient level (to chassis) +
Immunity
working voltage level (255 V)
Working voltage
255 V
Not to be used on live circuits
Application
3-phase AC
250 VA, 5 A < I ≤ 25 A
(per phase)
200 VA, 25 A < I ≤ 30 A
150 VA, 30 A < I ≤ 35 A
1-phase AC
750 VA, 15 A < I ≤ 75 A
(3 ch. in parallel)
600 VA, 75 A < I ≤ 90 A
450 VA, 90 A < I ≤ 100 A
3-ch. DC
3 x ±20 A
Compliance voltage
≤50 Vrms
Time limits
Continuous
3 x 20 A, 150 VA (max)
0.5 s on 1 s off
3 x 35 A
repeatedly
Resolution
1.6 mA
< 0.3% (of reading), 0.5 A < I ≤ 35 A
inaccuracy5) typical
< 8 mA, 0 A < I ≤0.5 A
< ±0.2 °
Phase inaccuracy5)
< 0.4% typical
Distortion (THD+N) 6)
Frequency range
Continuous signals
Transient signals
Frequency resolution
Frequency inaccuracy
Phase angle range
Phase resolution
Phase inaccuracy 3)
Connection (Amplifier
outputs)
9
212
DC – 2000 Hz
DC – 3.5 kHz
1 mHz
0.01%
0 – 360°
0.1°
±0.1°
4 mm stackable safety plugs or 8-pin
amplifier multiconnector
All seven generators are continuously and independently adjustable
in amplitude and phase. No switching of range is necessary. All
current and voltage outputs are fully overload- and short-circuitproof and protected against external high voltage transient signals
and overtemperature.
Note To allow continuous generation of high DC current
(12–15 A), a minimum load impedance of 0.2 Ohm is required. For
lower load impedances, e.g. short-circuit, the time is limited to 1
minute.
DC auxiliary voltage output
Range
Output power
20 – 210 V DC
75 W at 210 V
Other
On-line measurement of the current and voltage output, presented
on the built-in display.
Calibration check when the temperature is changed. Full calibration
can be conducted a any time using the FREJA calibration box. This
means you do not need to send away FREJA for calibration. Only
the calibration box needs to be sent for calibration once per year.
Connection to IBM compatible PC (minimum Pentium II 266 MHz,
32 Mb RAM, Win 95/98/2000/XP, NT 4.0) via the serial port.
1) 50 or 60 Hz AC + harmonics only.
2) THD+N: Values at 50/60 Hz, at max amplitude, 50% power and resistive load.
Measurement bandwidth 22 Hz – 22 kHz.
3) For sinusoidal signals at 50/60 Hz.
4) Parallel connection.
5) Values at max amplitude, 50% power and resistive load.
6) THD+N: Values at 25 A, 125 VA.
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
FREJA306
Relay test system
Ordering information
Product
Order Code
FREJA306
Complete with: FREJA Win, two test lead sets, hard
transport case
CF-29091
Same as above but with soft transport case
FREJA306 basic unit
CF-29090
GA-00032
CF-29001
Calibration box
CF-90100
GPS200 – MGTR
The GPS receiver GPS200 – MGTR makes it possible to
synchronize two or more FREJA to conduct end-toend testing. End-to-end testing provides quick,
reliable results showing how two or more protection
relay systems interact. The unit comes with a
15 m (50 ft) cable and an allweather antenna. Longer
cables can be ordered.
CF-90150
Cable organizer
Velcro straps, 10 pcs.
AA-00100
Floor stand FREJA300/306
For working in standing position with FREJA
GB-00300
CF-29095
Same as above but with soft transport case
CF-29094
FREJA306 basic unit, LLA Rogowski option
CF-29004
Optional
FREJA Win software
CF-90090
Rebuild FREJA300 to FREJA306
CF-90090
FREJA Win upgrade
CF-8282X
Www.megger.com
Order Code
Test lead set
With touch-proof contacts. 2 x 0.25 m (0.8 ft) / 2.5
mm2, 2 x 0.5 m (1.6 ft) / 2.5 mm2, 8 x 2 m (6.5 ft) / 2.5
mm2. Weight: 0.8 kg (1.8 lbs). Normally you need two
sets.
FREJA306, LLA Rogowski option
Complete with: FREJA Win, two test lead sets, hard
transport case
Optional accessories
FREJA Multi-cable
Shortens hookup time considerably. Consists of a
multi-pole connector that connects to FREJA’s three
voltage and three current outputs, and a number of
banana plugs that connect to the protection relay
that is to be tested.
Product
IPS REFLEX
IPS RELEX is a database for relay protection. For more
information please visit our web site or contact
customer service relay protection department.
GA-00103
213
9
FREJA300
Relay test system
Application
FREJA300 is intended primarily for secondary testing of
protection relays. Virtually all types of protection relays can be
tested.
Examples of what FREJA306 can test
ANSI® No.
Distance protection relay
21
Synchronising or synchronism-check relays
25
Undervoltage relays
27
Directional Power relays
32
Undercurrent or underpower relays
37
Negative sequence overcurrent relays
46
Overcurrent-/ ground fault relays
50
Inverse time overcurrent-/ ground fault relays
51
FREJA300
Power factor relays
55
n
n
n
Manual and PC remote control
Overvoltage relays
59
Easy to use
Voltage or current balance relays
60
Excellent software provides great visuals and simple Directional overcurrent relays
67
setup
DC overcurrent relays
76
n Lightweight and portable
nUser can calibrate the unit
Phase-angle measuring or out-of-step protection
relays
Automatic reclosing devices
78
Description
Frequency relays
81
Differential protection relays
87
The FREJA300 relay testing system is a computer-aided relay
testing and simulation system. The weight of FREJA300 is only
15 kg. The rugged hardware design is built for field use over
a wide temperature range, with the possibilities of intelligent
software to perform rapid testing.
Directional voltage relays
91
Voltage and power directional relays
92
79
FREJA300 can be operated with or without a PC. After being
put into the Local mode, FREJA300 can be used stand-alone
without a PC. Using the Local mode is easy. The function of
each key is described on the display, which also presents the
settings and measured values.
The very accurate (typically 0.01%) low level analogue inputs
are designed for transducer measurements. The high level
inputs can be used as a normal volt- and ammeter. FREJA300
can generate 4x150 V (82 VA) and 3x15 A (87 VA) or 1x45 A
(250 VA). Each output can be varied independently. Both static
and dynamic testing can be performed, such as prefault and
fault generation, simultaneous ramping of several quantities
and wave form editing.
FREJA300 can also be used as a disturbance simulator and
create and generate simulated disturbances, or import actual
recorded disturbances from e.g. EMTP or COMTRADE files.
With use of the GPS receiver accessory, GPS200 – MGTR,
several FREJA300 can be synchronized to perform end-to-end
testing with the test sets allocated in different substations.
A FREJA300 can be upgraded to a FREJA306.
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FREJA300
Relay test system
Local Mode - without PC
With a PC - FREJA Win
Using the dial by turning and clicking it is easy to make the
settings. All settings are saved automatically when you exit,
but if you prefer you can assign the settings a name and save
them separately for convenient access when you conduct
your next test. The display can also show the measured value
that is being generated. This feature is equivalent to three
voltmeters and three ammeters that present RMS values for all
generators.
There are a number of instrument programs. You start the
different programs at the Control center, where you also save
and recall results. Since the test set-ups/results are saved via a
regular Microsoft® Explorer display, you can create your own
test object structures.
For FREJA Win there is no longer any license file needed and
no license keys for the FREJA test sets. Once installed on your
PC you can freely control any FREJA test set.
Local Mode General
Local Mode Rx (I)
Features and benefits
1. Binary inputs – Response-time compensated
6. Analog inputs, LOW, for measurement transducers
2. Binary outputs – Operating-time compensated
7. DC-supply, connect to (5) to read the values
3. Display and buttons used in the Local Mode.
8. Switch, PC to FREJA300 or relay
4. Dial, press to Enter.
9. Current and voltage outputs.
5. Analog inputs, HIGH, for volt- and ammeter
10.Multiconnector for voltage (L1U, L2U, L3U, NU) and current
(L1I, L2I, L3I, NI)..
1
5
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6
3
7
8
4
9
10
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FREJA300
Relay test system
Specifications FREJA300
DC current measuring input, LOW
Specifications are valid for resistive load, nominal voltage supply
and ambient temperature +25 °C ±3 °C, (77 °F ±5.4 °F) after 30
minutes warm up time. All hardware data are for full scale values.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Measuring range
±20 mA
Resolution
SW 0.1 µA
HW 0.6 µA
0.01% typical,
0.03% guaranteed (= 6 µA)
Environment
Application field
For use in high-voltage substations
and industrial environments.
Temperature
Inaccuracy
DC voltage measuring input, LOW
Measuring range
Resolution
±10 V
SW 0.1 mV
HW 0.3 mV
0.01% typical,
0.03% guaranteed (= 3 mV)
Operating
0 °C to +50 °C (32 °F to +122 °F)
Storage & transport
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to +158 °F)
Inaccuracy
Humidity
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
AC / DC current measuring input, HIGH 1)
Altitude (operational)
3000 m
Full duty cycle up to 2000 m. Duty
cycle limitation based on internal
over temperature protection for
altitudes >2000 m.
CE marking
Measuring range
Inaccuracy
±14 A DC, 10 A ACRMS
DC <0.1%, AC <0.3%
AC / DC voltage measuring input, HIGH 1)
Measuring range
Inaccuracy
±220 V DC, 150 V ACRMS
DC <0.05%, AC <0.2%
EMC
2004/108/EC
Measurement, internally generated values
LVD
2006/95/EC
Inaccuracy
Voltage AC / DC
Current AC / DC
General
Mains input
(nominal)
Power consumption
100 – 240 V AC, 50 – 60 Hz
1200 VA (max)
Dimensions
Instrument
Transport case
450 x 160 x 410 mm
(17.7” x 6.3” x 16.1“)
560 x 240 x 575 mm
(22” x 9.5” x 22.6”)
Weight
15 kg (33.1 lbs)
Transport case
7.5 kg (16.5 lbs)
Display
LCD
Available languages
English, French, German, Spanish,
Swedish
Measurement section
Binary inputs
Max measuring time
10 inputs (2 groups of 5
independent)
Dry or wet contacts 275 V DC,
240 V AC
Response-time compensated
50 µs
Galvanically separated from the
amplifier section. Two galvanically
separated groups: 1 to 5 and 6 to 10
15264 h (636 days)
Range
Resolution
0 - 9.9 ms
0.1 ms
10 ms - 60 min
1 ms
1 h - 15264 h
1s
Type
Internal resolution time
Galvanic isolation
Binary outputs
Number
Type
Break capacity AC
Break capacity DC
Setting range
LLU
LLI
Max. output current
Inaccuracy
Resolution
Distortion (THD+N) 2)
Max. generating time
216
3 X 0...2 VRMS
3 X 0...2 VRMS
5 mA
<0.1% typ. (<0.2% guaranteed)
250 μV
<0.05% typ. (<0.1% guaranteed)
5 minutes
Generator section
Voltage outputs
Range
4-phase AC
1-phase AC (L-L)
DC (L-N)
Power
3-phase AC
1-phase AC (L-L)
DC (L-N)
Resolution
SW
HW
Inaccuracy 3) (guaranteed)
Distortion (THD+N) 4)
9
2 x 4 (NO & NC)
Zero-potential contacts, controlled
via software
Response time compensated
240 V AC, max 8 A, max load
2000 VA
275 V DC, max 8 A, max load 240 W
Low level outputs (Rogowski option)
Instrument
Number
<1% ±1 digit
<2% ±2 digit
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
4 x 150 V
2 x 300 V
180 V
3 x 82 VA at 150 V
1 x 140 VA at 300 V
87 W
10 mV
6.5 mV
(±0.01% of range) + (±0.05% of
reading)
0.02% typical (0.04% max)
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
FREJA300
Relay test system
Current outputs
Other
Standard outputs – L1I, L2I, L3I
Range
On-line measurement of the current and voltage output,
presented on the built-in display.
Calibration check when the temperature is changed. Full
calibration can be conducted a any time using the FREJA
calibration box. This means you do not need to send away FREJA
for calibration. Only the calibration box needs to be sent for
calibration once per year.
Connection to IBM compatible PC (minimum Pentium II 266 MHz,
32 Mb RAM, Win 95/98/2000/XP, NT 4.0) via the serial port.
3-phase AC
1-phase AC 2)
DC (L-N)
3-channel DC
Power
3-phase AC
1-phase AC 2)
DC (L-N)
Resolution
SW
HW
Inaccuracy 3) (guaranteed)
Distortion (THD+N) 4)
3 x 15 A
1 x 45 A
15 A
–
3 x 87 VA
1 x 250 VA
3 x 87 W (max)
1 mA
0.65 mA
(±0.01% of range) + (±0.3% of
reading)
0.1% typical (0.2% max)
1) 50 or 60 Hz AC + harmonics only.
2) THD+N: Values at 50/60 Hz, at max amplitude, 50% power and resistive load.
Measurement bandwidth 22 Hz – 22 kHz.
3) For sinusoidal signals at 50/60 Hz.
4) Parallel connection.
5) Values at max amplitude, 50% power and resistive load.
6) THD+N: Values at 25 A, 125 VA.
FREJA300 current generators
Generators, general
Frequency range
Continuous signals
Transient signals
Frequency resolution
Frequency inaccuracy
Phase angle range
Phase resolution
Phase inaccuracy 3)
Connection (Amplifier
outputs)
DC – 2000 Hz
DC – 3.5 kHz
1 mHz
0.01%
0 – 360°
0.1°
±0.1°
4 mm stackable safety plugs or 8-pin
amplifier multiconnector
All seven generators are continuously and independently
adjustable in amplitude and phase. No switching of range is
necessary. All current and voltage outputs are fully overload- and
short-circuit-proof and protected against external high voltage
transient signals and overtemperature.
Note To allow continuous generation of high DC current
(12–15 A), a minimum load impedance of 0.2 Ohm is required. For
lower load impedances, e.g. short-circuit, the time is limited to 1
minute.
DC auxiliary voltage output
Range
Output power
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20 – 210 V DC
75 W at 210 V
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FREJA300
Relay test system
Ordering information
Product
Order Code
FREJA300
Complete with: FREJA Win, two test lead sets, hard
transport case
CF-19091
Same as above but with soft transport case
CF-19090
FREJA 300 basic unit
Incl. FREJA Win
CF-19001
FREJA 300, LLA Rogowski option
Complete with: FREJA Win, two test lead sets, hard
transport case
CF-19095
Same as above but with soft transport case
CF-19094
FREJA 300 basic unit, LLA Rogowski option
CF-19004
Optional
FREJA Win
Software
CF-90090
Rebuild FREJA300 to FREJA306
CF-90090
FREJA Win upgrade
CF-8282X
Product
Order Code
Calibration box
CF-90100
GPS200 – MGTR
The GPS receiver GPS200 – MGTR makes it possible to
synchronize two or more FREJA to conduct end-to-end
testing. End-to-end testing provides quick, reliable results
showing how two or more protection relay systems
interact. The unit comes with a 15 m (50 ft) cable and an all
weather antenna. Longer cables can be ordered.
CF-90150
Cable organizer
Velcro straps, 10 pcs.
AA-00100
AA stand FREJA300/360
For working in standing position with FREJA
GB-00
IPX REFLEX
IPS RELEX is a database for relay protection. For more
information please visit our web site or contact customer
service relay protection department.
Optional accessories
FREJA Multi-cable
Shortens hookup time considerably. Consists of a multipole connector that connects to FREJA’s three voltage and
three current outputs, and a number of banana plugs that
connect to the protection relay that is to be tested.
GA-00103
Test lead set
With touch-proof contacts. 2x0.25m (0.8ft)/2.5mm2 2 x
0.5 m (1.6 ft) / 2.5 mm2 8 x 2 m (6.5 ft) / 2.5 mm2 Weight:
0.8 kg (1.8 lbs). Normally you need two sets.
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GA-00032
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
CA30
Current amplifier
Specifications CA30
The specifications are valid at an input voltage of 100 – 240 V
and at an ambient temperature of +25 °C (77 °F) and at
generated frequence of 50/60 Hz. Specifications are subject to
change without notice.
Environment
Application field
Temperature, operating
Temperature storage &
transport
Humidity
Altitude (operational)
The instrument is intended for use
in high-voltage substations and
industrial environments.
0 °C to +50 °C (32 °F to +122 °F)
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to
+158 °F)
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
3000 m
Full duty cycle up to 2000 m. Duty
cycle limitation based on internal
over temperature protection for
altitudes >2000 m.
CE marking
EMC
LVD
2004/108/EC
2006/95/EC
General
Mains voltage
Power consumption
Dimensions
Instrument
Transport case
Weight
Instrument
Transport case
100 – 240 V AC, 50 – 60 Hz
1500 VA (max)
446 x 55 x 395 mm
(17.6” x 2.2” x 15.6”)
535 x 140 x 520 mm
(21” x 5.5” x 20.5”)
7,9 kg (17.4 lbs)
5,1 kg (11.2 lbs)
Control input
Control voltage
n
n
n
Patent pending technology
and capability
High output and compliance voltage
Designed for integration with FREJA300 to boost power Description
The CA30 is a 3-channel current amplifier with a switched
mode power supply capable of delivering up to 3 x 35 A.
The DC-coupled design makes it suitable for acyclic
generation.
In use together with FREJA300 the CA30 can increase the
current output from FREJA to 3 x 35 A or to 1 x 100 A, but
also increase the output voltage at lower current, for example
when testing electromechanical relays.
The CA30 is a differential amplifier with floating inputs. The
differential amplifier design makes it possible to use CA30
even if there is a small voltage difference in the ground
system between input and output.
0 – 6 Vrms SELV
To be connected to outputs
fulfilling IEC/EN 61010-1
Maximum output power is 250 VA per channel, and the
maximum compliance voltage is 50 VRMS. The amplifier can
generate 50 VRMS up to a current generation of 5 A per
channel.
0 – 6 Vrms SELV
To be connected to inputs fulfilling
IEC/EN 61010-1
CA30, in combination with FREJA, allows the generation of six
currents, which is convenient when testing differential relays.
See the FREJA306 data sheet for more information.
Monitor output
Monitor voltage
CA30
FREJA300
FREJA306
A FREJA300 can easily be upgraded to a FREJA306 by adding
in the CA30.
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CA30
Current amplifier
Current outputs
Voltage transients Immunity
Working voltage
Application
3-phase AC
(per phase)
2500 V transient level (to chassis) +
working voltage level (255 V)
255 V
Not to be used on live circuits
3-ch. DC
Compliance voltage
250 VA, 5 A < I ≤ 25 A
200 VA, 25 A < I ≤ 30 A
150 VA, 30 A < I ≤ 35 A
750 VA, 15 A < I ≤ 75 A
600 VA, 75 A < I ≤ 90 A
450 VA, 90 A < I ≤ 100 A
3 x ±20 A
≤50 Vrms
Time limits
Continuous
0.5 s on 1 s off repeatedly
3 x 20 A, 150 VA (max)
3 x 35 A
1-phase AC
(3 ch. in parallel)
Resolution
Inaccuracy1) typical
Phase accuracy error1)
Distortion (THD+N)2)
1.7 mA
< 0.3% (of reading), 0.5 A < I ≤ 35 A
< 8 mA, 0 A < I ≤0.5 A
< ±0.2°
< 0.4% typical
1) Values at max amplitude, 50% power and resistive load.
2) THD+N: Values at 25 A, 125 VA.
Ordering information
Product
Order Code
CA30
CA-29000
CA30
Including software FREJA Win and soft transport case
CA-29090
CA30
Including software FREJA Win and hard transport case
CA-29091
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SVERKER750/780
Relay test sets
Application
Relay Testing
SVERKER750/780 is intended primarily for secondary testing
of protective relay equipment. Virtually all types of singlephase protection can be tested. You can also test three-phase
protection that can be tested one phase at a time, and also
a number of protective relay systems that require phase
shifting. Moreover, automatic reclosing devices can be tested.
SVERKER780 can test voltage relays with a frequency range
from 15 Hz up tp 550 Hz.
Examples of what SVERKER can test
ANSI® No.
Overcurrent relays
Inverse time overcurrent relays
Undercurrent relays
Ground fault relays
Directional overcurrent relays
Directional ground fault relays
Overvoltage relays
Undervoltage relays
Directional power relays
Power factor relays
Differential protection (differential circuits)
Distance protection equipment (phase by phase)
Negative sequence overcurrent relays
Motor overload protection
Automatic reclosing devices
Tripping relays
Voltage regulating relays
Underimpedance relays
Thermal relays
Time-delay relays
Frequency relays (SVERKER780)
50
51
37
50N, 51N
67
67N
59
27
32
55
87
21
46
51/66
79
94
21
49
81
SVERKER750/780
n
The engineer’s toolbox for all single phase relay testing
n
Stand-alone functionality
n
Rugged and reliable for field use
Description
The SVERKER750/780 Relay Test Set is the engineer’s toolbox.
The control panel features a logical layout, still SVERKER650
users will find it comfortably familiar and will be able to start
work right away.
The SVERKER750/780 features many functions that make relay
testing more efficient. For example, its powerful measurement
section can display (in addition to time, voltage and current)
Z, R, X, S, P, Q, phase angle and cos φ. The voltmeter can also
be used as a 2nd ammeter (when testing differential relays
for example). All values are presented on a single easy-to-read
display.
You can also test directional protective equipment efficiently
by means of the built-in variable voltage source. In SVERKER780
this has a continuous phase shift function and adjustable
frequency as well. Automatic reclosing devices can also be
tested – just as easily.
Designed to comply with EU standards and other personal
and operational safety standards, SVERKER 750/780 is also
equipped with a serial port for communication with personal
computers and the PC software SVERKER Win. Since the
compact SVERKER weighs only 18 kg (39 lbs), it’s easy to move
from site to site.
Two or more SVERKER units can also be synchronized, which
allows the user to operate a basic 3-phase test set.
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SVERKER750/780
Relay test sets
Specifications SVERKER750 / 780
Ammeter
Measurement method
Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to change
without notice.
Ranges
Internal
External
Inaccuracy
Internal range 1)
0 – 10 A AC
0 – 40 A AC
0 – 100 A AC
External range 1)
0 – 0.6 A AC
0 – 6 A AC
0 – 0.6 A DC
0 – 6 A DC
Resolution
Internal range
Environment
Application field
Temperature
Operating
Storage &
transport
Humidity
The instrument is intended for use
in high-voltage substations and
industrial environments.
0 °C to +50 °C (32 °F to +122 °F)
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to +158 °F)
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
CE marking
LVD
EMC
Low Voltage Directive 2006/95/EC
EMC Directive 2004/108/EC
General
Mains voltage
Power consumption (max)
115 / 230 V AC, 50 / 60 Hz
1380 W
Protection
Thermal cut-outs, automatic overload
protection
External range
Dimensions
Instrument
Transport case
Weight
SVERKER750
SVERKER780
Test lead set, with 4 mm
stackable safety plugs
Test leads with spade
tongue connectors
Display
Available languages
Timer
Time can be displayed in seconds or in mains-frequency cycles.
Range
Resolution
Inaccuracy
000-9.999 s
1 ms
±(1 ms + 0.01%)*
10.00-99.99 s
10 ms
±(10 ms + 0.01 %)*
100.0-999.9 s
100 ms
±(100 ms + 0.01 %)*
* For the OFF+TIME start condition in INT mode, 1 ms shall be
added to the above measurement error.
Range
Resolution
Inaccuracy
0.0-999.9 cycles
0.1 cycles
±(0.1 cycles + 0.01%)
1000-49999
1 cycle
±(1 cycle + 0.01 %)
cycles at 50 Hz
1000-59999
cycles at 60 Hz
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Measurement method
Range
Inaccuracy 1)
17.3 kg (38.1 lbs)
26.3 kg (58 lbs) with accessories and
transport case
18.1 kg (39.9 lbs)
27.1 kg (59.7 lbs) with accessories and
transport case
2 x 0.25 m (0.8 ft), 2.5 mm2
2 x 0.5 m (1.6 ft), 2.5 mm2
8 x 2.0 m (6.6 ft), 2.5 mm2
2 x 3.0 m (9.8 ft), 10 mm2
Measurement section
0.00 – 250.0 A
0.000 – 6.000 A
±(1% + 20 mA)
±(1% + 40 mA)
±(1% + 200 mA)
±(1% + 20 mA)
±(1% + 20 mA)
±(0.5% + 2 mA)
±(0.5% + 20 mA)
10 mA (range <100 A)
100 mA (range >100 A)
1 mA
Voltmeter
350 x 270 x 220 mm
(13.8” x 10.6” x 8.7”)
610 x 350 x 275 mm
(24.0” x 13.8” x 10.8”)
LCD
Bulgarian, Czech, English, French,
German, Russian, Spanish, Swedish,
Turkish
AC, true RMS
DC, mean value
AC, true RMS
DC, mean value
0.00 – 600.0 V
AC, ±(1% + 200 mV) Max. value
DC, ±(0.5% + 200 mV) Max. value
Values are range depending
Extra measurements
Power factor and phase angle measurements
Range
Resolution
Inaccuracy
Power factor cos φ -0.99 (cap) to 0.01
±0.04
+0.99 (ind)
Phase angle φ (°)
000 – 359°
1°
±2°
Impedance and power measurements
AC
Z (Ω and °), Z (Ω), R and X (Ω and Ω),
P (W), S (VA), Q (VAR)
DC
R (Ω), P (W)
Range
Up to 999 kX (X= unit)
Make / Break contact
Max. current
Max. voltage
1A
250 V AC or 120 V DC
Reclosing test
Items measured
Display
Tripping and reclosing times
After test is finished a list of all times
appears in display
Breaker state feedback
The Make / Break contact can be used
to feed back the breaker state
Max. number of reclosings 49
Max. testing time
999 s
Sets of resistors and a capacitor
Resistors
0.5 Ω to 2.5 kΩ
Capacitor 
2)
10 μF, max voltage 450 V AC
1) Measurement intervals longer than 100 ms
2) SVERKER750
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
SVERKER 750/780
Relay test sets
Outputs
Current outputs – AC
Range
No-load
voltage
(min)
Full-load
voltage
(min)
0 – 10 A
0 – 40 A
0 – 100 A
0 – 100 A
90 V
25 V
10 V
10 V
75 V
20 V
8V
-
Full-load Load / unload
current
times
(max)
On
(max) / Off
(min)
10 A
2 / 15 minutes
40 A
1 / 15 minutes
100 A
1 / 15 minutes
250 A*
1 sec/ 5
200 A** minutes
* Mains voltage 230 V AC
** Mains voltage 115 V AC
Voltage outputs – AC / DC
Range
No-load
voltage
(min)
Full-load
voltage
(min)
0 – 250 V AC 290 V AC 250 V AC
0 – 300 V DC 320 V DC 250 V DC
Full-load Load / unload
current
times
(max)
On
(max) / Off
(min)
3A
10 min / 45 min
2A
10 min / 45 min
Separate AC voltage source SVERKER750
Range
No-load
voltage (min)
0 – 60 V AC
70 V
Full-load
Full-load
voltage (min) current
(max)
60 V
0.25 A
60 – 120 V AC
130 V
120 V
0.25 A
Both ranges are divided into voltage steps of 10 V that are
steplessly variable.
Separate AC voltage source SVERKER780
Range
5 – 220 V AC
minimum step
0.1 V
Phase angle
0 – 359°
Frequency
15 – 550 Hz
No-load
voltage (min)
240 V AC
Resolution
1°
Resolution
1 mHz
Full-load
voltage (min)
220 V AC at
33 W
200 V AC at
46 W
Inaccuracy
±2°
Inaccuracy
±0.1%
Full-load
power (max)
33 W
continuously.
46 W
1 minute
Auxiliary DC output
Range
Voltage
Max. current
20 – 130 V DC
20 V DC
130 V DC
130 V DC
220 V DC
300 mA
375mA
325 mA
400 mA
130 – 220 DC
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SVERKER750/780
Relay test sets
Ordering information
Product
Order Code
Order Code
Product
SVERKER750
SVERKER780
Incl. Test lead set GA-00030 and Transport case GD-00182
Language: English, French, German, Spanish, Swedish
Incl. Test lead set GA-00030 and IP65 HD-case
Language: English, French, Spanish
115 V mains voltage
CD-11190
115 V mains voltage
CD-33190
230 V mains voltage
CD-12390
230 V mains voltage
CD-33390
SVERKER750
SVERKER780
Incl. Test lead set GA-00030 and IP65 HD-case
Language: English, French, German, Spanish, Swedish
Incl. Test lead set GA-00030 and Transport case GD-00182
Language: English, German, Swedish
115 V mains voltage
CD-13190
230 V mains voltage
230 V mains voltage
CD-13390
SVERKER780
Incl. Test lead set GA-00030 and Transport case GD-00182
Language: Bulgarian, English, Turkish
SVERKER750
Incl. Test lead set GA-00030 and Transport case GD-00182
Language: Czech, English, German, Swedish, Turkish
230 V mains voltage
230 V mains voltage
CD-12392
CD-32394
SVERKER780
Incl. Test lead set GA-00030 and Transport case GD-00182
Language: Czech, English, Russian
SVERKER750
Incl. Test lead set GA-00030 and Transport case GD-00182
Language: English, French, German, Russian, Swedish
230 V mains voltage
CD-32392
230 V mains voltage
CD-32396
CD-12394
SVERKER750
Incl. Test lead set GA-00030 and Transport case GD-00182
Language: Bulgarian, English, French, German, Swedish
230 V mains voltage
CD-12396
SVERKER780
Incl. Test lead set GA-00030 and Transport case GD-00182
Language: English, French, Spanish
115 V mains voltage
CD-31190
230 V mains voltage
CD-32390
Product
Order Code
Optional
SVERKER Win PC Software
CD-8102X
Please specify the SVERKER serial number when ordering.
SVERKER Win contains software, a copy-protection key and
cables (RS232 and USB) for connecting the PC to SVERKER.
Note that the software key can be installed on a single
SVERKER. The software itself, however, can be installed on
an unlimited number of PCs.
SVERKER Win Upgrade
CD-8101X
Optional accessories
CSU20A
Incl. cables and transport case
9
224
115 V mains voltage
BF-41190
230 V mains voltage
BF-42390
PSS750
CD-90020
Cable organizer
Velcro straps, 10 pcs.
AA-00100
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
SVERKER650
Relay test set
Specifications SVERKER 650 Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to
change without notice.
Environment
Application field
The instrument is intended for use in
high-voltage substations and industrial
environments.
Temperature
Operating
0 °C to +50 °C (32 °F to +122 °F)
Storage & transport -40 °C to 70 °C (-40 °F to +158 °F)
Humidity
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
CE-marking
LVD
EMC
2006/95/EC
2004/108/EC
General
Mains voltage
Power consumption
Protection
115 / 230 V AC, 50 / 60 Hz
1100 VA (max)
Thermal cut-outs, miniature circuit
breakers
Dimensions
Instrument
Transport case
Weight
280 x 178 x 250 mm (11” x 7” x 9.8”)
560 x 260 x 360 mm (22” x 10.2” x 14.2”)
16 kg (35.3 lbs)
26 kg (57.3 lbs) with accessories and
transport case.
Test lead set, with
2 x 0.25 m (0.8 ft), 2.5 mm2
2 x 0.5 m (1.6 ft), 2.5 mm2
4 mm stackable
8 x 2.0 m (6.6 ft), 2.5 mm2
safety plugs
Test leads with spade- 2 x 3.0 m (9.8 ft), 10 mm2
tonge connectors
SVERKER650
n
Designed for rugged field use
n
0 to 100 Amp output current
n
Suitable for testing many different types of relays such as power, voltage and current
n
Easy to operate
Description
The Sverker650 testing unit, whose design incorporates
benefits gleaned from many years of experience in field relay
testing, enjoys a well-earned reputation for reliability and
convenience. Compact and powerful, it provides all of the
functions needed for secondary testing of almost all types of
single-phase protection now available on the market.
SVERKER650 features logical design and construction, and it is
extraordinarily easy to learn and use. Its compact design and
light weight makes it extremely portable.
Auxiliary equipment for SVERKER650 includes a test lead
set and a rugged transport case. Another useful accessory
is the ACA120 voltage source which makes it easier to test
directional relays.
Www.megger.com
225
9
SVERKER650
Relay test set
Measurement section
Current measurement
Built-in ammeter
Ranges
Inaccuracy
External ammeter
0 – 10 A / 0 – 100 A
±3%
Output for external
ammeter
Inaccuracy
Connected to built-in current transformer
±0.5%
Timer
Range
Resolution
Inaccuracy
0 – 999.999 s
1 ms
±0.02% of displayed value, +2 ms
Independent of mains frequency
Test lead set GA-00030
Outputs
Current outputs, AC
Range
No-load
voltage
(min)
0 – 10 A 85 V
0 – 40 A 25 V
0 – 100 A 10 V
Output
voltage (min)
75 V (10 A)
19 V (40 A)
7.7 V (100 A)
Load / unload
times On
(max) / Off (min)
2 min / 30 min
20 s / 15 min
20 s / 5 min
Voltage outputs, AC / DC
Range
0 – 250 V AC
110 V AC (fixed)
0 – 350 V DC
20 – 220 V DC (stab.)
Output voltage (min)
220 V (2.7 A)
110 V (0.3 A)
280 V (2 A)
200 V (0.25 A)
Other
Built-in capacitor provides phase shift when testing directional
protection, and a set of resistors can be used to divide voltages.
Output used to start external cycles.
Terminal for external start / stop of built-in timer.
Terminal for connecting serial impedance when testing nonlinear
protection.
Ordering information
Product
Order Code
SVERKER650
Incl. Test lead set GA-00030
Transport case GD-00010
115 V mains voltage
BA-11190
230 V mains voltage
BA-12290
Optional accessories
ACA120
Variable output , 0-120 V AC
9
226
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
BA-90040
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
Power Multimeter PMM-1
Multifunction measuring instrument
SPECIFICATIONS
Input
Line
90 - 253 Vac, 50/60 Hz, 30 VA
Battery
Rechargeable battery with
internal automatic charger.
Safety features include internal
battery overcharging and charge
exhaustion protection.
Operation time
10 hours continuous on full charge
Voltage
0 - 650 Volts (AC/DC), 0.01%
resolution of range
Accuracy
± 0.05% of reading, 50/60 Hz
From 3 - 650 ac Volts (21° - 25 °C).
± 0.1% of reading, from 3 - 650
ac Volts (0° - 50 °C).
± 0.1% of reading ±25 mV, from
3-650 V dc.
Input impedance
1 MΩ
Maximum input
1000 Volts (ac) Between inputs or
from inputs to chassis.
Measured
RMS or AVG
Crest factor
3
PMM-1 V2.12
n
Simultaneous measurement and display of all
three-phase system parameters
n
n
Accurate phase angle measurement at low current levels
n
High-speed measurement mode
Current
Versatile, menu-driven instrument with a built-in timer
and data-logging
Direct input
0 - 100 Amperes (ac), 0.01%
resolution of range
Accuracy
±0.05% of reading, 50/60 Hz
From 0.10 - 10 A (21°- 25 °C)
±0.1% of reading >10 amperes
Description
Minimum current measurement
2 mA
The Power MultiMeter (PMM-1) version 2.12 is a multifunction
Burden at 5A
0.1 VA
instrument for measuring ac or dc voltage, ac primary and
Crest factor
3
secondary current, power, reactive power, power factor, phase
Phase angle
0 - 360.00° or ±0 - 180.00°, 0.01°
resolution
Accuracy 50/60 Hz
±0.08° input levels above 30 V
and 1.0 amp (1), ±0.5° input levels
above 3 Volts and 0.02 amps, ±2°
input levels down to 0.002 amps.
Power
±0 - 100 KW, 0.1% resolution.
Accuracy at 50 or 60 Hz
±0.1% of VA.
Reactive power
±0 - 100 KVAR, 0.1% resolution.
are displayed simultaneously on a large, easy-to-read graphic
Accuracy at 50/60 Hz
±0.1% of VA.
display. Frequency component only of a
voltage or current
10 - 1000 Hz, 0.01 Hz resolution.
Accuracy
±0.03 Hz.
microprocessor-based timer, is specifically designed to ease
Measures all harmonics content
simultaneously of any selected
voltage or current, up to the 49th
harmonic.
testing and commissioning of protective relay systems,
Harmonics
Accuracy
±5% of reading
data-logging capabilities. It can be used to automatically store
Time
0.000 to 999.999 seconds
0.000 to 9999.9 cycles
measured data at user defined intervals from one minute to
Seconds Mode
±LSD or ±0.005% of reading,
whichever is greater when initiated
by a dry contact, a DC potential
above 5 volts or an AC potential
above 115 VAC*.
Www.megger.com
angle and frequency of a single or three-phase electrical
system.
In the single-phase mode, the PMM-1 is easily configured to
measure the amplitude and phase angle between any two
voltages and current inputs. These measured quantities are
then displayed in an enlarged font size for easier reading on a
graphic display. In three-phase mode, all measured quantities
The firmware in the PMM-1, combined with a built-in,
including induction unit pickup and timing tests. The PMM-1 is
a menu-driven instrument equipped with data-retention and
60 minutes.
227
9
Power Multimeter PMM-1
Multifunction measuring instrument
Specifications continued
Cycles Mode
±0.5 cycle when initiated by a dry
contact, a DC potential above
5 volts or an AC potential above
115 VAC.*
*AC voltage accuracy is worse at lower
voltages and is ±8 ms in worst cases
(5 V rms applied just following waveshape peak).
Start/Stop Inputs
5-300 Volts (AC or DC) start or
stop inputs. AC or DC applied/
removed, or dry contact closure or
opening.
Voltage Applied
Timer starts or stops when an
AC or DC potential (5 to 300 V) is
applied.
Voltage Removed
Timer starts or stops when an AC
or DC potential (5 to 300 V) is
removed.
Input Resistance
1000 Ω min.
Response Time
Regular measurement mode 2
readings per second.
High speed measurement mode
20 readings per second for a
period of 15, 30 or 60 sec.
Data input/output
RS232 serial data port
The RS232 port is provided for
control of PMM-1 and transferring
data from the instrument to
a personal computer. PMM-1
software is included.
Printer Port
Parallel printer port is provided
to allow the printing of data on
an external printer. (Printer is not
included with instrument.)
Dimensions
13.5 H x 9 W x 9 D in.
(344 W x 242 H 242 D mm)
Weight
13.4lbs (6.0 kg)
Operating Temperature
-15 °C to 55 °C (5 °F to 131°F)
Storage Temperature
-30 °C to 75 °C (-22 °F to 167 °F)
(1)
Using current as reference
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
Power MultiMeter
PMM-1
Included accessories
Accessory pouch
External mount portable case
Fuses 1.0 A 250 V, 5 x 20 mm [2]
Line cord, three wire, 120 V
Instruction manual
17355
MC7797
6828
17357
Optional accessories
9
228
Standard potential leads [set of 4, 2m]
835312
Fused potential leads [set of 4, 2m]
830213
20-Amp current leads, states plugs [set of 3, 1m]
835313
20-Amp current leads, clips [set of 3, 1m]
835314
100-Amp current leads [set of 3, 1m]
835315
1000:1 clamp-on current transformer
830312
1000:5 clamp-on current transformer
835318
3000:1 clamp-on current transformer
835319
3000:5 clamp-on current transformer
835320
200:1 miniature clamp-on current transformer
50611
Soft carrying case
50775
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
PAM360E
Phase angle meter
SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to
change without notice.
Environment
Application field
The instrument is intended for use in
high-voltage substations and industrial
environments.
Temperature
Operating
0 °C to +50 °C (32 °F to +122 °F)
Storage & transport -40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to +158 °F)
Humidity
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
CE marking
EMC
LVD
2004/108/EC
2006/95/EC
General
Mains voltage
Power consumption
(max)
Protection
Dimensions
Instrument
Transport case
Weight
Test lead set, with
4 mm stackable
safety plugs
Display
115 / 230 (135 / 250) V AC, 50 / 60 Hz
3W
Thermal cut-outs, +80 °C (+176 °F)
Short-circuit protectors at DC outputs
205 x 98 x 225 mm (except handle)
(8.1” x 3.8” x 8.8”)
320 x 150 x 465 mm
(12.6” x 5.9” x 18.3”)
2.3 kg (5.1 lbs)
4.6 kg (10.1 lbs)
with accessories and transport case
4 x 2 m (6.6 ft), 2.5 mm2
LCD
Measurement section
Range
Type of phase angle
measurement
Waveform
Frequency range
Resolution
Inaccuracy (sinusoidal
voltage)
Current Input Range
Voltage Input Range
0 – 359.9°
Current-current, voltage-voltage and
current-voltage
Sinusoidal
15-75 Hz
0.1°
±0.5° (if 20% or more of range is used)
±1° (if less than 20% of range is used)
0.002 - 10 A. Range can be increased by
means of a clamp-on
current transformer
0.2 - 500 V
PAM360E
n
n
n
n
Designed for power system applications
Current and voltage inputs
Compact and lightweight
Easy to use
Description
The PAM360E Digital Phase Angle Meter is specifically
designed for measurements on electrical power systems. It is
capable of displaying the phase angle relationship between
two power signals, either two currents or two voltages,
or any combination. Current signals up to 10 amps and
voltage signals up to 500 volts can be applied directly to the
instrument. The current input range can be extended with the
use of external current transformers.
Ordering information
Www.megger.com
Product
Order Code
PAM360E
Incl. Test lead GA-00082
and transport case 50-00100
BP-29092
229
9
TM200
Timer
TM200
n
n
n
n
Rugged and compact
Precise
Broad application range
Contact or voltage trig
Description
A timer is often needed for use with the CSU600A current
supply unit or ODEN A primary current injection test system.
Testing relays with SVERKER650 also requires an extra timer if
more than one timing cycle is to be measured.
Timer TM200 is ideal for these tasks thanks to its precise
accuracy, its broad application range and its compact
dimensions. Timer TM200 is the obvious choice for
maintenance work in substations.
Application example
IMPORTANT!
Read the user manual before using the instrument.
Primary test of protective relay equipment and low-voltage
circuit breaker
1.
Connect the CSU600A’s current outputs across the current
transformer (diagram A) or to the breaker terminals
(diagram B).
2.
Connect TM200’s start input to output T and the stop
input to the protective relay equipment’s auxiliary
contact.
3.
Set the current.
4.
Execute the test.
5.
Read the time from TM200.
A
B
TM200
Ammeter
9
230
TM200
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
TM200
Timer
Specifications
Timer inputs
Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to
change without notice.
Max input voltage
Environment
Application field
The instrument is intended for use
in medium-voltage substations and
industrial environments.
Altitude <2000 m (6500 ft) above
sea level.
Temperature
Operating
Storage & transport
Humidity
0 °C to +50 °C (32 °F to +122 °F)
-20 °C to +70 °C (-4 °F to +158 °F)
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
CE marking
LVD
EMC
Low Voltage Directive 73/23/ EEC
am. by 93/68/EEC
EMC Directive 89/336/EEC am. by
91/263/EEC, 92/31/EEC and 93/68/
EEC
General
Mains voltage
Power consumption (max)
Dimensions
Instrument, excl. handle
Instrument, incl. handle
Weight
Test lead set, with touchproof contacts
115 / 230 V AC (switchable),
50 / 60 Hz
20 VA
194 x 115 x 49 mm
(7.7” x 4.5” x 1.9”)
252 x 132 x 49 mm
(9.9” x 5.2” x 1.9”)
1.0 kg (2.2 lbs)
2.7 kg (6 lbs) with accessories and
carrying case
4 x 2 m (6.6 ft), 2.5 mm²
250 V AC / DC
Voltage mode
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Threshold level, Positive at red terminal
8
20
V DC
Threshold level, Negative at red terminal -20
-8
V DC
Input current at threshold level
Positive at red terminal
Input current at threshold level
Positive at black terminal
Threshold level, low to high, 50 Hz
0.7
2.0
mA DC
4
12
mA DC
5
15
V ACRMS
Threshold level, high to low, 50 Hz
15
45
V ACRMS
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Closed contact detection
0
1
kΩ
Open contact detection
4
-
kΩ
Open circuit voltage
17
20
V DC
Short circuit current
8
13
mA DC
Contact mode
Input current at maximum input voltage, inrush
Parameter
Max
Unit
At 250 V DC, Positive at red terminal
8
mA DC
At 250 V DC, Positive at black terminal
150
mA DC
At 250 V AC
80
mA DC
Input current at maximum input voltage, continuous
Parameter
Max
Unit
At 250 V DC, Positive at red terminal
8
mA DC
At 250 V DC, Positive at black terminal
12
mA DC
At 250 V AC
15
mA DC
Measurement section
Range
Resolution
Inaccuracy
0-999.999 s
1 ms
±0.02% + 1 digit of displayed value
Ordering information
Www.megger.com
Product
Order Code
TM200
Incl. Test lead GA-00082
and Carrying case GD-00230
BP-29090
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Optional Accessories
GA-00103 Multi cable
CF-90100 Calibration box
CF-90150 GPS200 – MGTR GPS unit with accessories
Test lead set GA-00030
PSS750
GA-00032 Test lead set
CSU20A
Impact resistant and
waterproof (IP65)
HD-case with wheels and
retractable handle.
9
232
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: ukenquiries@megger.com
Optional Accessories
Standard Potential Leads
20 Amp States Current Plug
Fused Potential Leads
Miniature Clamp-On CT
835312
835313
830213
50611
The standard potential leads
are for general use when
measuring a standard voltage
system.
Set of 4 leads,
2 m (6 ft. 6 in.)
The measurement of secondary
current from a distribution
test switch can be obtained
by using the 20 amp states
current plug.
Set of 3 states current plugs,
1 m (3 ft. 6 in.)
The fused potential leads
provides the technician
protection when measuring a
higher system voltage
(600 vac/2 amp fuse).
Set of 4 fused leads,
2 m (6 ft. 6 in.)
The miniature clamp-on
CT makes it easy to check
current path in a wired
distribution panel without
worry of interrupting a
current circuit in service.
Ratio:
200:1
Accuracy Class:
±1%
Cable Size:
0.59 in. (14.98 mm)
Dimensions:
96.5 H x 43 W x 23 D mm
(3.8 H x 1.69 W x 0.9 D in.)
Weight:
0.11 Kg (0.25 lbs)
Clamp-On CT 1000
Clamp-On CT 3000
Soft Carrying Case
830312
835318
835319
835320
50775
Ratio:
1000:1 (Cat. No. 830312)
1000:5 (Cat. No. 835318)
Ratio:
3000:1(Cat. No. 835319)
3000:5 (Cat. No. 835320)
Dimensions:
281.0 H x 255 W x 255 D mm
(11.0 H x 10.0 W x 10.0 D in.)
Accuracy Class:
±1%
Accuracy Class:
±1%
Weight:
0.37 Kg (0.8 lb)
Cable Opening:
43.18 mm (1.7 in.) (US)
51 mm (2.0 in.) (NS)
Cable Opening:
70 mm (2.76 in.)
Busbar Opening:
43.18 mm x 11.94 mm
(1.7 in. x 0.47 in.) (US)
Dimensions:
203 H x 63.5 W x 40.6 D mm
(8.0 H x 2.5 W x 1.6 D in. )
Weight:
0.55 Kg (1.2 lbs)
Www.megger.com
Padded Canvas/polyester case
Busbar Opening:
127 mm x 33 mm or
102 mm x 45.7 mm
(5.0 in. x 1.3 in. or
4.0 in x 1.8 in. )
Dimensions:
144.8 H x 335.3 W x 51 D mm
(5.7 H x 13.2 W x 2.0 D in. )
Weight:
1.7 Kg (3.7 lbs)
233
9
Transformer
Tests
Transformers maintenance has seen a move toward
reliability and condition based maintenance schedules.
To assist and support transformer owners and
manufacturers Megger has invested in providing the latest
test and diagnostic equipment to ensure your assets’
health is kept in check.
10
10
234
Selection guide.......................................................................................... 235
Technical information................................................................................. 236
OTS80PB/OTS60PB portable oil test set...................................................... 238
OTS100/80/60AF series laboratory oil test sets........................................... 241
VCM100/VCM80D oil test set calibration meter......................................... 244
KF875 and KF-LAB MkII Karl Fischer moisture in oil test sets....................... 245
MTO210 transformer ohmmeter................................................................ 247
TTR25 handheld transformer turns ratio..................................................... 249
TTR100 handheld transformer turns ratio................................................... 250
TTR300 three-phase transformer turns ratio test sets.................................. 252
MCT1600B automatic current transformer saturation, ratio and
polarity test set.......................................................................................... 255
MCT1605 multi-tap automatic current transformer saturation, ratio
and polarity tests set.................................................................................. 257
MAGNUS set-up transformer..................................................................... 259
PowerDB.................................................................................................... 260
Optional accessories................................................................................... 262
T: + 44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
SELECTION GUIDE
OTSPB
Portable oil test set
Laboratory oil test set
Oil test set calibration
meter
Karl Fischer test set
Transformer ohmmeter
OTSAF
VCM
100/80D
KF875/
KF-LAB
MTO210
TTR25
TTR100
TTR300
n
n
n
MCT
1605B
MCT
1605
n
n
MAGNUS
n
n
n
n
n
Transformer turns ratio
test set
Current transformer
saturation, ratio and
polarity test set
Set up transformer
Tap changer tester
n
n
Do you need...
12 kV insulation diagnostic system or a sweep
frequency diagnostic tester?
See the DELTA400 on page 42
FRAX on page 36 and IDAX testers on page 40
Www.megger.com
235
10
Transformer testing
Power transformers in industrial
premises - are you covered?
But what form should the testing take? There are of course
many types of conventional tests that can be applied to power
transformers to check; for instance, the performance of the tap
changers or the windings.
It’s easy to assume that the substation on your site belongs to the
power utility, but are you absolutely sure? If you get it wrong, and
This means that to build up a reasonably complete picture of the
you’re unlucky enough to suffer a transformer fault, you could find
transformer’s condition, a whole battery of tests is needed, which
yourself landed with a massive repair bill.
will take a considerable time to perform. During this time, the
transformer will necessarily be out of service, which can be very
inconvenient.
In the substation, the power transformers are probably the most
expensive items. And that’s not the worst of it. The delivery time
for a replacement transformer is typically months, or even years for
There are, however, two tests that between them can provide
the largest types. The direct and indirect costs associated with a
a wealth of information, not only about the presence of faults
transformer failure can therefore be enormous.
but also in many cases their type and location. These tests are
sweep frequency response analysis (SFRA) and frequency domain
spectroscopy (FDS).
But there’s surely no need for concern. All of the power
transformers on your site are the responsibility of your energy
supplier, aren’t they? It may be a very good idea to check again.
Electrically, a transformer is made up of multiple capacitances,
In a surprisingly large percentage of installations, the power
inductances and resistances. It is in effect a very complex circuit
transformers belong to the owner of the premises, and not to the
that produces a unique “fingerprint” when test signals are injected
power utility.
over a range of frequencies and the results plotted as a curve. In
particular the distance between conductors affects the capacitances
in the transformer.
Of course there’s still no reason to worry, because transformer
failures will certainly be covered by insurance, won’t they? The
answer is possibly not. Because of the huge costs involved, insurers
Movement of the windings, which can be caused by electrical
are understandably cautious about making payouts relating to
overloads, mechanical shocks or simply by ageing will therefore alter
transformer faults and failures. If there is a claim, they will certainly
the capacitances and change the shape of the frequency response
ask for evidence to show that the transformer has been regularly
curve.
tested and maintained.
The SFRA test technique for transformers is based on comparisons
Since many companies are not even aware that they are responsible
between measured curves which allow variations to be detected.
for the power transformers on their sites, it’s not too much of a
An SFRA test involves multiple sweeps and reveals whether the
surprise that there are a lot of transformers that most certainly don’t
mechanical or electrical integrity of the transformer has been
get the regular attention they need.
compromised.
This is a special concern with the many transformers currently in
SFRA tests are used to capture a “fingerprint” reference curve for
use that have long exceeded their design lives. Although they may
each winding when the transformer is new or when it is known to
apparently still be working well, it is inevitable that some of the
be in good condition. These curves are subsequently used as the
materials used in their construction – in particular the insulating
basis for comparisons during maintenance or when problems are
materials – will have started to deteriorate.
suspected.
If an unmaintained transformer fails, whether it is old or new, it’s
The best way to use SFRA testing is to take regular measurements
perfectly possible that the insurers will contest the claim or refuse
on the same transformer over a period time, and to compare the
to pay. Let’s take a look at what needs to be done to avoid this
results. However it is also possible to use type-based comparisons
potentially devastating situation.
between transformers with the same design. Finally, a constructionbased comparison can be used in some circumstances, when
The first and most obvious step is for maintenance departments to
comparing measurements between windings in the same
check which of the transformers on their site are their responsibility.
transformer.
The next step is to implement a regular testing programme for these
transformers.
A single SFRA test can detect winding problems that would
otherwise require multiple tests with various kinds of test
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equipment, as well as problems that cannot be detected at all by
modern FDS test sets typically provide accurate and detailed results
tests of other kinds.
in less than 20 minutes.
As a general guide, magnetisation and other problems relating to
Regular testing using the SFRA and FDS test techniques provides a
the core alter the shape of the SFRA curve at the lowest frequencies,
reliable insight into the condition of power transformers, but how
up to around 10 kHz. Medium frequencies, from 10 kHz to 100 kHz
can this information best be used by the transformer owner?
represent axial or radial movements in the windings, and high
frequencies above 100 kHz correspond to problems involving the
A short-circuit fault on the transformer may cause unseen damage
cables from the windings to bushings and tap changers. In modern
inside, and a damaged transformer put back into service could fail
SFRA test sets, built-in analytical tools simplify comparisons between
catastrophically. An SFRA test can be done before re-energising and
curves.
compared to a reference trace taken while the transformer was in
good working order. If the two traces match, nothing has changed
While SFRA tests provide a lot of information about the condition
and the transformer can be safely returned to service. Carrying out
of a transformer, they do not give an accurate indication of the
this test takes less than an hour, reducing outage time and saving
presence of contaminants – in particular water – in the transformer
money.
insulation. Standard tests, such as the widely used Karl Fischer test
are of course available for accurately assessing the moisture content
Ageing, mechanical damage and moisture content can be seen as a
of transformer oil, but this is not the whole story.
change in the frequency response of the transformer over time and
may indicate that remedial action such as drying out the transformer
In fact, it is usual for a much greater percentage of the moisture in
is needed to guard against future failures. In other cases, it may
a transformer to be held in solid insulation such as paper than is
show that the transformer is inevitably coming to the end of its
held in the oil. To further complicate matters, the moisture moves
useful life, but even then the information is invaluable.
between the solid insulants and the oil in a way that is influenced by
many factors including, in particular, temperature.
In this situation, it may be possible to minimise the load on the
transformer so that it can continue in service until a replacement
Measuring the moisture content of the oil many not therefore
is obtained. Even in the worst case, there is at least a warning that
provide dependable information about the moisture content of the
failure is imminent, which can allow time for contingency plans to
transformer’s solid insulation. This is a serious concern, as moisture
be made and put into place.
in the insulation significantly accelerates the ageing process in
transformers and it can cause bubbles between windings that lead
There is another very valuable aspect of regular testing, which we
to sudden catastrophic failures.
touched on earlier. Insurance companies are more likely to honour a
claim for failure of a power transformer that’s been regularly tested
To establish the moisture content in the transformer, the second of
and properly maintained so as to remedy any issues identified by the
the tests mentioned earlier – frequency domain spectroscopy (FDS) –
tests. Such a transformer is, of course, less likely to fail, but if it does
could be used. Initially, this may sound a lot like SFRA, as it involves
there is at least the consolation that the insurers might foot the bill!
measuring transformer characteristics over a range of frequencies.
This time, however, it’s the dielectric properties of the insulation
Even for those who are aware of their responsibilities in looking
(capacitance, loss and power factor) that are measured over a range
after power transformers, regular testing may appear as something
of frequencies, typically from one millihertz to one kilohertz.
of a burden. However, tests with modern instruments can be
performed quickly and easily, and they yield dependable informative
These are, in essence, the same dielectric tests that are often carried
results. And, if the test regime eliminates just one unforeseen
out at power frequency, but testing at a single frequency provides
transformer failure that would otherwise have occurred, the effort
far less information than is revealed by FDS testing. Unlike spot-
involved in testing and the cost of the instruments used will have
frequency testing, FDS can for example reliably distinguish between
been repaid many times over.
a transformer that is dry but has bad oil and one that is wet but has
good oil. In the first case, the oil needs refurbishing or replacing; in
the second the transformer only needs drying out.
FDS testing also has other benefits – it can be performed at any
temperature, and the test can be completed quickly. Software can
be used to calculate the water content in percentage terms, and
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OTS80PB and OTS60PB
Portable oil test sets
SPECIFICATIONS
Test voltage
OTS60PB
-30 to +30 kVrms
OTS80PB
-40 to +40 kVrms
Voltage resolution
0.1 kV, ±1%, ±2 digits
Programmed test sequences
See page 230
Languages supported
English, French, German, Spanish, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, Italian,
Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian and Swedish.
Vessels 400 ml (standard) 150 ml (option)
Nylon 12 chamber provides precision electrode alignment and adjustment
wheels lock electrodes in position, option of 150 ml vessel for low
volume oil samples
Temperature sensor
resolution
Power supply
OTS80PB and OTS60PB
n
Light-weight, rugged, portable instruments for measuring insulating oil breakdown voltage
n
n
n
n
Lock in precision - oil vessel with lockable adjustment
1 ºC
Line voltage 85 to 265 VAC
Line frequency 50/60 Hz
Bright 3.5 inch colour display visible out-doors
Suitable for mineral, ester and silicon oils
Trip detection circuit with direct measurement of voltage
and current
Batteries (option)
Lead acid 2 x 12 V 4 Ah, or NiMH 24 V
2 AH
Interfaces
USB 2.0 compatible
2 x USB type-A (memory stick)
1 x USB type-B (printer or PC)
Printer
Internal printer (option)
Matrix impact printer
Paper 57.5 mm wide
External printer
Any printer with USB interface and PCL3
driver
Description
Protection
Safety interlock on cover
Automatic portable oil test sets perform accurate breakdown
voltage tests on mineral, ester and silicon insulating liquids.
Moulded test vessels give repeatable results in the field
and laboratory with lock in precision electrode gap setting
adjustment wheels. The transparent, shielded lid is a key
feature enabling users to see what is happening within the
test chamber.
Display
320 x 240 QVGA colour display with
backlight
n
Ultra fast (<10 µs) HV switch off time
The portable 60 kV and 80 kV oil test sets are very light
ranging from 16 kg to 23.5 kg depending on model and
configuration. They come complete with optional carry bag
and transport case. The carry bag has pouches for electrode
accessory pack, leads, quick user guide, paper roll etc.
Environmental
Operating temperature
0 ºC to +50 ºC
Storage temperature
-30 ºC to +65 ºC
Humidity
80% RH at 40 ºC operation
95% RH at 40 ºC storage
Safety
Designed in accordance with IEC 61010
EMC
Light industrial IEC 61326-1 Class B, CISPR
16-1 and CISPR 16-2
Mechancial data
Dimensions (W x H x D
Applications
Monitoring and maintenance of oil quality is essential in
ensuring the reliable operation of oil filled electrical
equipment. Codes of practice have been established in many
countries that include several different types of test on
insulating oils.
One of the fundamental tests of oil quality is the breakdown
voltage test, which is a measure of the oil’s ability to withstand electric stress. A low breakdown voltage can indicate
the presence of contaminants such as water or conducting
particles.
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OTS60PB
520 mm x 340 mm x 250 mm
OTS80PB
520 mm x 380 mm x 250 mm
Weight
OTS60PB
16 kg (printer, no battery)
16.8 kg (printer, NiMH battery)
OTS80PB
20 kg (printer, no battery)
20.8 kg (printer, NiMH battery)
23.2 kg (printer, lead acid batteries)
Test vessels
1.1 kg (400 ml and 150 ml)
T: + 44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
OTS80PB and OTS60PB
Portable oil test sets
ORDERING CONFIGURATION
Example of an ordering configuration:-OTS80PB-EU2-EP-4C = This order is for an OTS80PB with EU power lead, NiMH battery, IEC electrode set,
internal printer, lid stirrer and carry bag.
Model:
OTS
PB-
-
Weights
Select
model
80 kV
80
19.4 kg
60 kV
60
15.3 kg
Select
power
cord
EU lead
EU
UK lead
UK
US lead
US
Australian
lead
AU
No Plug
lead
BL
Sealed
lead
acid
Select
battery
option
NONE
Select
electrode
set
Select
printer
option
Select
stirrer
option
Select
carry case
option
Www.megger.com
1
OTS80PB
ONLY
3.3 kg
NiMH
2
0.8 kg
No
battery
X
0 kg
ASTM
set
A
IEC set
E
Full set
U
Internal
printer
P
0.54 kg
No printer
X
0.08 kg
Stirrer lid
assembly
fitted
4
Stirrer lid
assembly
not fitted
X
0.3 kg
Carry
case
C
No carry
case
X
1.3 kg
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10
OTS80PB and OTS60PB
Portable oil test sets
Programmed test sequences
Country
Standard
US
ASTM D1816-04
ASTM D877A-02
ASTM D877B-02
International
IEC 60156-95
UK
BS-EN-60156-95
Italy
CEI EN-60156-95
Argentina
IRAM 2341
Spain
UNE EN 60156
France
NF EN 60156
South Africa
SABS EN 60156
Germany
VDE 0370 Part 5
Australia
AS 1767.2.1
Japan
JIS C2101-99 (M)
JIS CS101-99 (S)
Custom
Configurable by user
ORDERING INFORMATION
OTS60 PB
Order Code Product
Configured* Optional accessories
OTS80PB
Configured*
Product
Included accessories
Vessel 400 ml assembly
12 V vehicle charger lead (supplied only on instruments
configured with a battery)
Order Code
Transport case (with wheels)
1001-476
Vessel 400 ml assembly (no electrodes supplied)
1001-473
Vessel 150 ml assembly (no electrodes supplied)
1001-474
VCM100D digital voltage checker
1001-105
VCM80D digital voltage checker
1001-801
Printer paper, 1 roll (MOV applies) (4 rolls supplied if
printer configured)
Magnetic bead stirrers (2 off)
Magnetic bead retriever
*See ordering configuration on previous page
Feeler gauge set 1, 2, 2.5, 2.54 mm
25995-001
670506
User manual
Configured accessories (to order additional or spares)
IEC60156 electrode set - 12.7 mm spherical (2),
36 mm mushroom (2)
1001-477
ASTM D877/1816 electrode set - 25.4 mm cylindrical (2
standard, and 2 none standard,
36 mm mushroom (2)
1001-478
Full electrode set ASTM and IEC electrodes
1001-479
Vessel lid mounted impeller (ASTM D1816) for use with
400 ml vessel
1001-102
Carry bag (padded) OTS80PB
1001-476
Carry bag (padded) OTS60PB
1001-480
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OTS100AF, OTS80AF, OTS60AF
Laboratory oil test sets
SPECIFICATIONS
SPECIFICATIONS
Test voltage
OTS60AF
-30 to +30 kVrms
OTS80AF
-40 to +40 kVrms
OTS100AF
-50 to +50 kVrms
Voltage resolution
0.1 kV, ±1%, ±2 digits
Programmed test sequences
See page 233
Languages supported
English, French, German, Spanish, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, Italian,
Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian and Swedish
Vessels 400 ml (standard) 150 ml (option)
Nylon 12 chamber provides precision electrode alignment and adjustment
wheels lock electrodes in position, option of 150 ml vessel for low
volume oil samples
Temperature sensor
resolution
1 ºC
Power supply
OTS100AF, OTS80AF, OTS60AF
n
Line voltage 85 to 265 VAC
Line frequency 50/60 Hz
breakdown voltage
Batteries (option)
Lead acid 2 x 12 V 4 Ah, or NiMH 24 V
2 AH
Interfaces
USB 2.0 compatible
2 x USB type-A (memory stick)
1 x USB type-B (printer or PC)
n
n
n
n
Printer
Lock in precision – oil vessel with lockable adjustment
Bright 3.5” colour display visible out doors
Suitable for mineral, ester and silicon oils
Trip detection circuit with direct measurement of voltage
and current
Internal printer (option)
Matrix impact printer
Paper 57.5 mm wide
External printer
Any printer with USB interface and PCL3
driver
Protection
Safety interlock on cover
Display
320 x 240 QVGA colour display with
backlight
Environmental
Operating temperature
0 ºC to +50 ºC
Storage temperature
-30 ºC to +65 ºC
Humidity
80% RH at 40 ºC operation
95% RH at 40 ºC storage
Safety
Designed in accordance with IEC 61010
EMC
Laboratory instruments for measuring insulating oil
Light industrial IEC 61326-1 Class B, CISPR
16-1 and CISPR 16-2
Mechancial data
Dimensions (W x H x D)
all models
580 mm x 420 mm x 290 mm
Weight all models
30 kg with printer option fitted
n
Ultra fast (< 10 µs) HV switch off time
Description
‘These new automatic portable oil test sets perform accurate
breakdown voltage tests on mineral, ester and silicon insulating
liquids. Moulded test vessels give repeatable results in the
field and laboratory with lock in precision electrode gap
setting adjustment wheels. The transparent, shielded lid
enables users to see what is happening within the test
chamber.
Megger’s portable 60 kV and 80 kV oil test sets are
very light ranging from 16 kg to 23.5 kg depending on model
and configuration. They come complete with optional carry
bag and transport case.
Application
Monitoring and maintenance of oil quality is essential in
ensuring the reliable operation of oil filled electrical
equipment. Codes of practice have been established in many
countries that include several different types of test on
insulating oils.
One of the fundamental tests of oil quality is the breakdown
voltage test, which is a measure of the oil’s ability to withstand electric stress. A low breakdown voltage can indicate
the presence of contaminants such as water or conducting
particles.
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10
OTS100AF, OTS80AF, OTS60AF
Laboratory oil test sets
ORDERING CONFIGURATION
Example of an ordering configuration:OTS100AF-USA-P4 = This order is for an OTS100AF with US power lead, ASTM electrode set, internal printer and lid stirrer.
Model:
OTS
AF-
Weights
Select
model
Select
power
cord
Select
electrode
set
Select
printer
option
Select
stirrer
option
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242
100 kV
100
29.5 kg
80 kV
80
29.5 kg
60 kV
60
29.5 kg
EU lead
EU
UK lead
UK
US lead
US
Australian
lead
AU
No plug
lead
BL
ASTM
set
A
IEC set
E
Full set
U
Internal
printer
P
0.54 kg
No printer
X
0.08 kg
Stirrer lid
assembly
fitted
4
Stirrer lid
assembly
not fitted
X
T: + 44 (0) 1304 502100
0.3 kg
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
OTS100AF, OTS80AF, OTS60AF
Laboratory oil test sets
Programmed test sequences
Country
Standard
US
ASTM D1816-04
ASTM D877A-02
ASTM D877B-02
International
IEC 60156-95
UK
BS-EN-60156-95
Italy
CEI EN-60156-95
Argentina
IRAM 2341
Spain
UNE EN 60156
France
NF EN 60156
South Africa
SABS EN 60156
Germany
VDE 0370 Part 5
Australia
AS 1767.2.1
Japan
JIS C2101-99 (M)
JIS CS101-99 (S)
Custom
Configurable by user
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code Product
OTS60AF
configured* Optional accessories
OTS80AF
configured* Vessel 400 ml assembly (no electrodes supplied)
configured* Vessel 150 ml assembly (no electrodes supplied)
1001-473
Included accessories (on all configurations)
VCM100D digital voltage checker
1001-105
Vessel 400 ml assembly
VCM80D digital voltage checker
1001-801
Magnetic bead stirrers (2 off)
Magnetic bead retriever
Printer paper, 1 roll (MOV applies) (4 rolls supplied
if printer configured)
Feeler gauge set 1, 2, 2.5, 2.54 mm
Barcode reader, USB
User manual CD
* See ordering configuration on previous page
OTS100AF
Order Code
1001-474
25995-001
1001-047
670506
PowerDB Lite software
Configured accessories (to order additional or spares)
IEC60156 electrode Set - 12.7 mm spherical (2),
36 mm mushroom (2)
1001-477
ASTM D877/1816 electrode set - 25.4 mm
cylindrical (2 std, and 2 none std), 36 mm
mushroom (2)
1001-478
Full electrode set ASTM and IEC electrodes
1001-479
Vessel lid mounted impeller (ASTM D1816) for use
with 400 ml vessel
1001-102
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VCM100D/VCM80D
Oil test set calibration meter
SPECIFICATIONS
Meter type
Proprietary 100 kV/80 kV Megger OTS voltmeter with 4 digit readout
Accuracy at 23 ºC
2.0% +2 digits to 50 kVrms
2.5% +2 digits >50 kVrms to 75 kVrms
3.0% +2 digits >75 kVrms to 100 kVrms
Environmental
Operating temperature
0 ºC to 40 ºC
Storage temperature
-30 ºC to +70 ºC
Operational temperature
50% RH at 20 ºC
Storage temperature
93% RH at 40 ºC
Safety
The meter is only approved for use with Megger oil test sets
VCM100D/VCM80D
Mechanical data
Description
Dimensions (W x H x D)
250 mm x 150 mm x 115 mm
Weight
1.8 kg
The VCM100D/VCM80D voltage check meters are used as a
high voltage meter for Megger’s new Oil Test Set (OTS) family.
This family includes the following models:
n Laboratory units: OTS100AF, OTS80AF and OTS60AF, the OTS100AF requires a VCM100D to check votages above 80 kV.
n Portable units: OTS80PB, OTS60PB.
The meters enable the high voltage output to be checked.
Operation
New OTS models are programmed with a test sequence
suitable for using the VCM100D/VCM80D. This sequence
causes the output of the oil test set to ramp up from 0 kV to
the maximum voltage value, pausing at each 10 kV point for
10 seconds to allow the voltage output to be checked.
Simply replace the OTS test vessel with the VCM100D/
VCM80D, close the lid and navigate to, the VCM function on
the tools tab. Select using the OK button. After pressing the
TEST button, the test will proceed automatically. Read the
VCM100D/VCM80D meter when each steady voltage is
displayed up to the maximum instrument voltage.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
VCM100
VCM80D
Included accessories
Carrying case
6420-094
Instruction card
6172-044
Certification of calibration
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KF875 and KF-LAB MkII
Karl Fischer moisture in oil test sets
Reagents
Reagents and other consumable chemicals for coulometric
Karl Fischer Titration are available from many different
suppliers throughout the world.
Megger recommends the use of:
Part numbers for “Hydranal coulomat” Reagents are:
Part no.
RH-34807 RH-34840-25
RH-34840-50
Description
Hydranal coulomat A anode reagent - 500 ml bottle
Hydranal coulomat CG cathode reagent - 1 x 25 ml vial
Hydranal coulomat CG cathode reagent - 1 x 10 pack of 50 ml ampoules
Part numbers for “Hydranal” water standards are:
Part no.
RH-34828
RH-34847
Description
Hydranal water standard 1.00 - 10 pack of 4 ml ampoules
Hydranal water standard 0.10 - 10 pack of 4 ml ampoules
Details of a local agent where these products can be obtained are
available on the Sigma-Aldrich website www.sigmaaldrich.com
KF875 and KF-LAB
nCoulometric Karl Fischer titrimetry
n KF875 optimized for insulating oil with an SG of
0.875,
completely portable
n
KF-LAB MkII offers greater flexibility, versatility and
sample data input than the KF875; also completely
portable
n
KF-LAB MkII analyzes materials with an SG between 0.6
& 1.4, plus insulating oils with an SG of 0.875
Description
Over 20 years experience has led to the development of the
Megger KF875 and KF-LAB MkII Coulometric Karl Fischer Test
Sets designed to determine moisture in oil, to provide highly
accurate results on-site. The KF875 and KF-LAB MkII are highly
portable instruments, complete with integral printer and
carrying case, are easy to use and provide highly accurate
results.
Application
Optimized for testing insulating oils with a specific gravity
of 0.875, the Megger KF875 simply requires the operator to
press one button and inject a 1 ml sample into the test cell.
The simple ‘one touch’ operation makes the KF875 so easy to
use that it requires no specialist knowledge or training to use
it effectively. Results are presented on the instrument display
and on the integral printer in both micrograms of water and
in milligrams per kilogram (parts per million, ppm).
The KF-LAB MkII allows the titration of samples with a range
of specific gravities from 0.60 to 1.40 and also permits the use
of different sample sizes. The KF-LAB MkII also has a default
setting optimized for analyzing insulating oils with an SG of
0.875. This means it can be used to measure water content in
a variety of different materials but is also easy to set up for
transformer insulating oils.
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KF875 and KF-LAB MkII
Karl Fischer moisture in oil test sets
SPECIFICATIONS
SPECIFICATIONS
KF-LAB
Titration method
Electrolysis control
KF875
Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
Patented “ACE” control system
End point detection
AC polarisation
End point indication
Visual display / print out / acoustic beep
Measuring range
Moisture range
1 µg - 10 mg water
1 ppm - 100%
1 ppm - 100 ppm
Max. sensitivity
Max. titration speed
0.1 µg
2 mg per minute
Max. current
Drift compensation
400 ma
Automatically controlled
Precision
10-100 µg ± 3 µg, 100 µg - 1 mg ± 5 µg, above 1 mg ± 0.5%
Method storage
10 programmable methods
Preset method
Sample ID number
User programmable
Not available
Display format
µf, mg/kg, ppm, %
mg/kg, ppm
Print format
µg + mg/kg, ppm %
µg + mg/kg, ppm
Calculation modes
Weight/weight
Weight/dilution ratio
Volume/volume
Volume/density
User programmable
Volume/density
Preset values
Statistics
Up to 99 runs
User programmable
Preset up to 99 runs
Start delay time
0-30 mins. selectable
Preset
Min. titration time
0-30 mins. selectable
Not available
English, Français, Español,
Portuguese, Deutsch, Magyar
English
Language
Stirrer speed
Calendar/clock
Keypad/user controls
Microprocessor controlled
Anaylsis time and date print out
Non tactile membrane/display prompted menu
Display
40 character alphanumeric backlit display
Printer
42 character high speed thermal printer
Carry case
Power supply
Standard
90 - 264 V ac, 47 - 63 Hz
12 V dc car adapter/ internal battery
Battery life
8 hours running time
Battery low
Display and print out indication
Enviromental
Operating temperature
Storage temperature
0 ºC to 45 ºC
-10 ºC to +85 ºC
Humidity
5% to 95%
Output
Dimensions (W x H x D)
87 mm x 95 mm x 29 mm
Weight
0.16 kg
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
KF-LAB Mk II Laboratory coulometric Karl Fischer
test set
KF875 coulmetric Karl Fischer test set for insulating
oils
Order Code
6111-774
6111-636
Supplied accessories (also available as spare items)
Titration vessel
6121-527
Detector electrode
6121-528
Generator electrode
6121-529
Drying tube
6121-530
Carrying case
6121-537
Power pack
6121-538
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246
Product
Order Code
Car adapter
6121-539
Injection septa (10)
6121-531
Glass syringe (1 ml)
6121-532
Luer needle
6121-533
Bottle of molecular sieve
6121-534
Stirrer bar
6121-535
Funnel
6121-536
T: + 44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
MTO210
Transformer ohmmeter
Application
The MTO210 transformer ohmmeter is used:
n
To verify factory test readings.
n
As part of a regular maintenance program.
n
To help locate the presence of defects in transformers, such n
as loose connections.
To check the “make-before-break” operation of on-load tap-changers.
MTO210
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Direct 2-channel digital reading (1 mW to 2000 W)
DC test current up to 10 A maximum
Patented “Quick Test” measurement technique
0.25% measurement accuracy
Integrated demagnetization feature
Tests operation of on-load tap-changers
Very fast auto safety discharge circuit
Description
The MTO210 transformer ohmmeter is a line-operated,
field-portable instrument designed specifically to measure
the dc resistance of all types of magnetic windings safely
and accurately. It can test transformers and rotating machine
windings and perform low-current resistance measurements
on connections, contacts and control circuits.
The dual set of potential inputs measures the resistance of the
primary and secondary windings of a single- or three-phase
transformer simultaneously. This dual reading, dual injection
characteristic, also help to speed up the measurements
when used to test LV windings on large three-phase power
transformers.
The transformer ohmmeter is extremely useful when testing
the windings and contact resistance of tap-changers with
“make-before-break” contacts and voltage regulators. This
action will check for pitted or misaligned contacts as the
instrument will give an indication if either condition occurs.
Users are also protected by the auto-shutdown safety feature.
Any inadvertent disconnection of a test lead or loss of power
to the instrument will safely discharge the energy stored in
the test sample.
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MTO210
Transformer ohmmeter
SPECIFICATIONS
Input
120/240 V, 50/60 Hz, 720 VA
Output
User selectable current
range
up to 10 mA
up to 100 mA
up to 1 A
up to 10 A
Open circuit test voltage
up to 50 V dc
Resistance measurement/display
Resistance
1 µΩ to 2000 Ω
Accuracy:
±0.25% of reading, ±0.25% full scale
(when current has stablized)
Resolution:
Up to 6 digits
Displays
Two
1” high, 6 character, 7-segment, LCDs
One
0.71” high, 6 character, 7-segment, LCD
Printer
Via RS232 port
User interface
Black and white alphanumeric displays,
keypad
Computer interface (for
downloading results)
Via RS232 port
Internal data storage
up to 10,000 data sets
Enviromental
Operating
-10 ºC to 50 ºC ( 14 ºF to 122 ºF)
Storage
-15 ºC to 70 ºC (5 ºF to 158 ºF)
Humidity
0-90% non-condensing
Mechanical data
Dimensions (H x W x D)
216 x 546 x 330 mm (8.5 x 21.5 x 13 in.)
Weight
Net. 13.1 kg (29 lb)
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Transformer Ohmmeter
120/240 volt, 50/60 Hz input
Order Code
MTO210
Included accessories
Product
Order Code
Optional accessories
Cable Assy-V1 Potential Leads, 30 m (100 FT)
2001-403
Cable Assy-V2 Potential Leads, 30 m (100 FT)
2001-404
V1 Potential lead set, 18 m (60 ft)
2000-700
Cable Assy-Jumper Leads, 9 m (30 FT )
2001-405
V2 Potential lead set, 18 m (60 ft)
2000-701
Cable Assy-Current Leads, 30 m (100 FT)
2001-406
Current lead set, 18 m (60 ft)
2000-702
Cable Assy-Kelvin Leads, 60 FT (18 m)
2001-407
Shorting lead, 4.5 m (15 ft) [1]
2000-703
Cable Assy-Kelvin Leads, 30 m (100 FT)
2001-408
Ground lead, 4.5 m (15 ft) [1]
RS232 cable for connecting to a PC ad printer
Remote trigger switch
AC power cord (IEC60320-C13 to US standard)
AC power cord (IEC60320-C13 to Schuko)
CEE 7/7)
4702-7
CA-RS232
30915-220
17032
17032-13
Interlock connector
37177
In-lid quick start guide
37178
Canvas carrying bag (for leadset)
Instruction manual
PowerDB LITE software
10
248
30915-211
ATVMMTO210
Test lead set, 30 m (100 FT) including V1, V2,
Current and 9 m (30 ft) shorting lead
Kelvin clamps/cables, xx ft (yy m)
Beacon strobe light
37181
Printer (includes battery/line powered serial
thermal printer
120 V, 60 Hz
35755-3
230 V 50 Hz
35755-4
Foam-lined transit case
37009
PowerDB (full version) software, 1st machine
license, soft key
PowerDB (full version), software, 1st machine
license, USB dongle
T: + 44 (0) 1304 502100
DB1001
DB1001S
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
TTR25
Handheld transformer turns ratio
SPECIFICATIONS
Type of power
Six standard AA (IEC LR-6) alkaline
batteries
Battery life
12 hours of field operation
Excitation voltage
8 V rms for testing distribution or power transformers and PTs; 0.5,
1.5, or 8 V ac rms for testing CTs.
Test Excitation
55 Hz internally generated providing a
universal 50/60 Hz test set
Excitation current range
0 to 100 mA, 4 digit resolution
Transformer polarity
Normal or reversed
Current (rms) accuracy
(2% of reading +1 digit)
Turns ratio
Range
0 to 100 mA, 4 digit resolution
Accuracy
0.1% (0.8 to 2000)
0.15% (2001 to 4000)
0.25% (4001 to 10,000)
0.5% (10,001 to 20,000)
TTR25
n
Display full graphics
LCD module, adjustable back lighting,
wide temperature range, 128 x 64 dots
(21 characters by 8 lines)
Transformer winding
phase relationship
ANSI C57.1270-1978
CEI/IEC 76-1:1993 and Publications
616:1978
AS-2374, Part 4-1982 (Australian
standard)
Fully automatic; fast; easy-to-use; robust; lightweight
n Battery powered
n Tests turns ratio, excitation current, and polarity
n Simple, one-button operation
n Quick-start guide on front panel
nOperator-selectable languages
Description
Safety
Meets the requirements of IEC-1010-1,CE and ASTM D999.75
The Megger TTR25 is an automatic hand-held battery
operated transformer turns ratio test set. It is used to measure
Enviromental
the turns ratio, excitation current and polarity of windings in
Operating
-20 ºC to 55 ºC (-5 ºF to 130 ºF)
Storage
-50 ºC to 60 ºC (-55 ºF to 140 ºF)
Humidity
Operating: 0 to 90% non-condensing
Storage: 0 to 95% non-condensing
single- and three-phase distribution and power transformers
(tested phase by phase), potential & current transformers, and
tapped transformers.
Protective devices
The unique design of the TTR25 allows the user to operate the
High voltage side shorting relay, transient voltage suppressors and gas
surge voltage protectors
test set while holding it in one hand. It effectively eliminates
Measuring time
Less than 5 seconds
Measurement method
ANSI/IEEE C57.12.90
the user from having to kneel or bend down to operate the
instrument and speeds up testing time.
Realizing the extreme environments in which the TTR25 must
Mechanical data
Dimensions (H x W x D)
240 x 115 x 50 mm (9.5 x 4.5 x 1.9 in.)
operate, special attention has been paid to making it extra
Weight
Approximately 1.3 kg (2.8 lb) including
leads
rugged, with a high impact, shock resistant case, yet incredibly
lightweight at a mere 870 g (1.9 lbs).
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Hand-held TTR25
Order Code
35938
Printer package including battery/line power
serial thermal printer with paper, battery pack
and charger, printer interface cable, 120 V, 60 Hz
35755-1
Printer package including battery/line power
serial thermal printer with paper, battery pack
and charger, printer interface cable, 230 V, 50 Hz
35755-2
Instruction manual
AVTMTTR25
Electronic documents
AVTDTTR25
Optional accessories
Combined test leads, “X/H” winding,
3.6 m (12 ft)
Combined test leads, “X/H” winding,
6 m (20 ft)
Www.megger.com
Order Code
Combined test leads, “X/H” winding,
10 m (33 ft)
Included accessories
Combined test leads, “X/H” winding,1.8 m (6 ft)
Product
TTR25
36042
35942
Semi-hard fabric transport case
35788
36013
Quick guide overlay in Spanish, French, German
and Portuguese
35945
249
10
TTR100
Handheld transformer turns ratio
SPECIFICATIONS
Type of power
Rechargeable NiMH battery pack, 3.6 V
dc, 3800 mAh
Battery life
15 hours of field operation
Optional charger source
Optional inverter 12 V dc to 115 V ac for powering a charger from
vehicle battery (non CE marked)
Excitation voltage
8 V rms for testing distribution or power transformers and PTs; 0.5, 1.5,
or 8 V ac rms for testing CTs.
The excitation voltage is switched automatically if excitation current
exceeds a preset value
Test frequency
55 Hz internally generated providing a
universal 50/60 Hz test set
Excitation current range
0 to 100 mA, 4 digit resolution
Phase deviation
TTR100
Accuracy
±3 minutes
Winding resistance
0 to 2000 Ω, 4 digit resolution
Fully automatic; fast; easy-to-use; handheld; robust;
lightweight
Accuracy
Battery powered with power-saving and shutdown
function
±10% (0.8 to 2000)
±0.15% (2001 to 4000)
±0.20% (4001 to 10,000)
±0.25% (10,001 to 20,000)
Turns ratio
Tests turns ratio, phase displacement, excitation current,
winding resistance and polarity
Range
8 V ac: 0.8 to 20,000, 5 digit resolution
(for transfomers and PT testing)
1.5 V ac: 5.0 to 2200, 5 digit resolution
(for CT testing)
Accuracy
0.1% (0.8 to 2000)
0.15% (2001 to 4000)
0.25% (4001 to 10,000)
0.5% (10,001 to 20,000)
Single- and three-phase transformer testing
n
n
n
±90º, 1 decimal point for the minutes
displayed, 2 decimal points for the degree
display, or for the centiradian display
Range
n
n
n
Range
RS232 for data transfer and printing
Stores 200 test results and 100 user-defined transformer
test settings
Description
Transformer
The Megger TTR100 is an automatic handheld, battery
Vector group
1PH0 or 1PH6
operated transformer turns ratio test set used to measure
Polarity
Additive and subtractive
PC/Printer interface
RS232C port, 9 pin, 57.6 Kbaud (19.2
Kbaud for the printer)
Display full graphics
LCD module, wide temperature range,
128 x 64 dots (21 characters by 8 lines)
the turns ratio, excitation current, phase displacement, dc
resistance and polarity of windings in single- and three-phase
distribution transformers (tested phase by phase), potential &
current transformers, and tapped transformers. Deviations in
the mentioned measurements will quickly indicate problems
Test result storage
in transformer windings or in the magnetic core circuits.
Internal, nonvolatile memory for storing up to 200 sets of single-phase
measured and calculated ratio, exciting current, phase, ratio error,
winding resistance, polarity, vector group, plus header information
(company, substation,transformer manufacturer, transformer rating,
instrument serial number, temperature, relative humidity and operator
name). In additon, up to 100 user-defined transformer settings can be
stored.
The unique design of the TTR100 allows the user to
operate the test set while holding it in one hand. No other
transformer test set offers this capability. It effectively relieves
the user from having to kneel or bend down to operate the
instrument and speeds up testing time.
TTR100 often has to operate in extreme environments and
special attention has been paid to making it extra rugged,
with a high impact, shock resistant case, yet very lightweight
at 1.5 kg (3.3 lb.).
10
250
Computer software
Included software for downloading of data to a PC, data storage to
database and report printout.
Safety/EMC/Vibration
Meets the requirements of IEC-1010-1,CE and ASTM D999.75
Specifications continued
T: + 44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
TTR100
Handheld transformer turns ratio
Enviromental
Transformer winding phase relationship
Operating
-20 ºC to 55 ºC (-5 ºF to 130 ºF)
Storage
-50 ºC to 60 ºC (-55 ºF to 140 ºF)
Humidity
Operating: 0 to 90% non-condensing
Storage: 0 to 95% non-condensing
ANSI C57.12.70-1978
CEI/IEC 76-1:1993 and Publication 616:1978
AS-2374, Part 4-1982 (Australian Standard)
Mechanical data
Dimensions (H x W x D)
240 x 115 x 48 mm (9.5 x 4.5 x 1.875 in.)
Weight
Approximately 1.5 kg (3.3 lb) including
leads
Ordering Information
Order a TTR100 configured to your specific application. To determine the catalog number, fill in the blanks below with the corresponding
number from the detailed information boxes.
Ordering Example:
To order a TTR100 for North American application, without a deluxe kit, and instruction
manual in the English language, request catalog number TTR100-NA0-ENG TTR100 — N A 0 — E N G
To order a TTR100 for North American application, with a deluxe kit, and instruction
manual in the English language, request catalog number TTR100-NA1-ENG TTR100 — N A 1 — E N G
Fill in these blanks with the corresponding letter or number.
TTR100 — X
X
X — X
X
X
Country
Instruction Manual
NA = North America
UK = United Kingdom
ENG = English
EU = European Union
FRN = French
(Determines power cord requirement)
SPN = Spanish
Deluxe Kit Option
0 =No Kit
1 = Deluxe Kit, 120 V, 60 Hz printer
package
2 = Deluxe Kit, 230 V, 50 Hz printer
package
(Kit consists of TTR100, included
accessories as well as all optional
accessories, excluding Inverter P/N 35973)
Product
Order code
Product “H” winding, 6 m (20 ft) Included accessories
Order code
35502-519
Semi-hard fabric transport case
35788
“X” winding, 1.8 m (6 ft)
35502-511
Additional battery pack
35753
“H” winding, 1.8 m (6 ft)
35502-521
Inverter cigarette adapter with power cable,
12 V dc to 115 V ac, 60 Hz, non CE marked
35973
Test Leads
PC interface cable
33147-18
Battery pack
35753
Universal battery charger
Power cable for battery charger
35757
Determined by Country
Protective neoprene carrying case and accessory pouch
Software for uploading test results to a PC
Quickstart guide
Instruction manual
55-20008
35794-2
55-20013
AVTMTTR100-XXX (XXX = language code)
Printer package, including battery/line power
serial thermal printer with paper, battery pack,
battery charger, printer interface cable, 120 V, 60 Hz
35755-1
Printer package, including battery/line power
serial thermal printer with paper, battery pack,
battery charger, printer interface cable, 230 V, 50 Hz
35755-2
Additional printer paper (1 roll)
27705-1
Optional accessories are ordered separately or with Deluxe Kit
Optional accessories
Test Leads
“X” winding, 3.6 m (12 ft)
35502-510
“H” winding, 3.6 m (12 ft)
35502-520
“X” winding, 6 m (20 ft) 35502-512
Www.megger.com
251
10
TTR300
Three-phase transformer turns ratio test sets
SPECIFICATIONS
Input power
120/230 V ac ±10%, single phase, 50/60
±2 Hz 100 VA
Battery operation
(optional)
Inverter 12 V dc to120 V/230 V ac for
operation from vechicle battery
Excitation voltage
8, 40 or 80 V rms, automatically or
manually selected
Excitation current range
and accuracy
0 to 500 mA, 3 digit resolution, ±(2% of
reading +1 digit)
Phase deviation
Range
±90º, 1 decimal point for the minutes
displayed, 2 decimal points for the degree
display, or for the centiradian display
Accuracy
±3 minutes
Turns ratio
TTR330 shown
TTR300
8 V ac:
±0.1% (0.8 to 2000)
±0.25% (2001 to 4000)
±0.35% (4001 to 8000)
40 V ac: ±0.1% (0.8 to 2000)
±0.15% (2001 to 4000)
±0.3% (4001 to 10,000)
±0.35% (10,001 to 25,000)
80 V ac: ±0.1% (0.8 to 2000)
±0.15% (2001 to 4000)
±0.25% (4001 to 10,000)
±0.30% (10,001 to 45,000)
n
n
Stand-alone or remote-control operation
n
n
Field upgradeable without compromise to calibration
n
n
Works in the presence of high interference/high voltage
Resolution
Highest ratio measurement (45,000:1); highest accuracy
(0.1%)
PC/Printer interface
TTR300
Not applicable
Displays % error vs. name plate with pass/fail limits
TTR310
RS232 port
TTR320
RS232 port
TTR330
USB
n
Accurately measures ratio, phase deviation and exciting
current
Range
Built-in capability for storing and downloading test
results in an XML format, via RS-232, Ethernet or USB
ports (depending on model)
Description
5 digit for all ratios
The TTR300 series of three-phase transformer turns ratio
interface
test sets are designed to measure the turns ratio of power,
TTR300 and TTR310
RS232 port
instrument, and distribution transformers in a substation or
TTR320 and TTR330
Ethernet
manufacturing environment. A rugged and robust design
Safety/EMC/Vibration
makes these instruments well suited for use in a variety of
Meets the requirements of IEC1010-1, CE and ASTM D999.75
harsh environments. Our leads are specially designed to
Enviromental
provide the necessary flexibility needed in cold weather.
Operating temperature
-5 ºC to 50 ºC (23 ºF to 122 ºF)
The TTR300 series are ideal for use by power transformer
Storage temperature
-50 ºC to 60 ºC (-58 ºF to 140 ºF)
manufacturers. Their unique testing procedures and storage
Humidity
0 to 90% non-condensing
capability allows an operator to set up and test difficult three-
Measuring time
8 to 20 seconds depending on mode of
operation and type of transformer
Measuring method
ANSI/IEEE C57.12.90
phase transformers (with multiple tap changers and bushing
CTs) in a fraction of the time than it used to take with other
TTRs. This test also includes a pass/fail limit of individual ratios.
The TTR300 Series also measure the phase deviation of the
Mechanical data
Dimensions (H x W x D)
216 x 546.1 x 330.2 mm.
(8.5 x 21.5 x 13 in)
Weight (instrument only)
TTR300: 9.1 kg (20 lbs)
TTR310: 10.4 kg (23 lbs)
TTR320: 11.3 kg (25 lbs)
TTR330: 11.3 kg (25 lbs)
transformer primary versus secondary. This quickly indicates
problems in the transformer such as partial shorted turns and
core faults. This measurement is also useful in verifying phase
errors in all types of PTs and CTs.
10
252
T: + 44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
TTR300
Three-phase transformer turns ratio test sets
FEATURES AND BENEFITS GUIDE
n feature
£ option
TTR300
TTR310
TTR320
TTR330
Field upgradeable/interchangeable to any other TTR in the series without
compromising calibration (patent pending)
n
n
n
n
Remote controllable
n
n
n
n
Works in the presence of high interference/high voltage
n
n
n
n
Displays % error vs. name plate with pass/fail limits
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
turns ratio for single- and three-phase transformers
n
n
n
n
Units can be operated while in transit case
n
n
n
n
Leads can stay connected while in transit case
n
n
n
n
Measures the widest turns ratio range in the industry
(45,000:1) and provides the highest accuracy (0.1%)
Enables operator to enter the ratio of transformer and all
of its taps letting operator know immediately when a tap
is outside acceptable limits so problem can be flagged
Equipped with “Remote TEST” switch for single person
testing, allowing the operator to test transformers with
“LTCs” very quickly
Measures phase deviation of the transformer primary
versus secondary; quickly indicates problems in the transformer such as partial shorted turns and core faults.
Useful in verifying phase errors in PTs and CTs
Rugged, lightweight design ideal for a harsh field and
substation environment
User selectable standards: ANSI, IEC, and Australian.
Meets IEC 1010 and other standards such as CSA and UL
“Quick Test” mode provides a fast determination of
Printing of test results without the use of a computer 4” thermal 4” thermal
8.5” x 11”
spool paper
spool paper
thermal paper
n
n
n
Software
PowerDB LITE
“PowerDB ONBOARD” allows for operation of
the unit through on-screen customizable test
forms (patent pending) n
Full version PowerDB
£
£
£
£
Communications port
Printer interface
RS-232
RS-232
USB
Internal data storage (data sets)
200 100,000 100,000
External storage device
Computer interface
RS-232
RS-232
USB
USB
Ethernet
Ethernet
User interface
Display type
5.7” B&W
5.7” color VGA
8.4” color VGA
On-screen view
Text
Graphical icons
Test forms
Keypad
Numeric
QWERTY
QWERTY
Www.megger.com
253
10
TTR300
Three-Phase transformer turns ratio test sets
Ordering Information
Product
Order Code
Product
Order Code
Three-Phase TTR, remote controlled
TTR300
Optional accessories
Three-Phase TTR, stand alone or remote controlled
TTR310
PowerDB software, 1st machine license, soft key
Three-Phase TTR, graphical user interface
TTR320
PowerDB, 1st machine license, USB dongle
Three-Phase TTR with PowerDB ONBOARD
TTR330
TTR check box
Note: 120 V 50/60-Hz operation standard.
For 230 V, 50/60-Hz operation
Add -47 to Cat. No.
Canvas carrying bag for test leads
Power supply cord, 2.5 m (8 ft), 120 V
Power supply cord, 2.5 m (8 ft), 230 V
Ground lead, 4.6 m (15 ft)
Hand-held TEST switch assy for remote operation
550555
3-ø lead set adapter to allow use of
Megger TTR C/N 550503 lead set (30915-xxx)
3-ø TTR calibration standard
Included accessories
30915-211
17032-4
17032-13
4702-7
30915-220
PowerDB LITE software
DB1001
DB1001S
37087
550055
3-ø shielded test lead set,
X and H winding, 9.1 m (30 ft)
37093
3-ø shielded test lead set,
X and H winding, 15 m (50 ft)
37094
1-ø shielded test lead set,
X and H winding, 9.1 m (30 ft)
37095
Inverter with 0.91 m (3 ft) cigarette adapter cord
RS232 cable for connecting to a PC for use with TTR300, TTR310 and
TTR320CA-RS232
12 V dc to 120 V ac, 60 Hz 35271-1
Ethernet cable for connecting to a PC for use with TTR320 and
TTR330
36798
12 V dc to 120 V ac, 50 Hz
35271-3
12 V dc to 230 V ac, 60 Hz
35271-2
Bushing clips (6)MC7144
12 V dc to 230 V ac, 50 Hz
35271-4
Transformer Vector Voltage Diagram Set
(for ANSI, IEC, and AS Standards) for TTR310
TTR printer package for TTR310, TTR320
120 V, 60 Hz
1001-390
Spare fuse kits:
1001-401
for TTR300 and TTR310
35026-3
USB portable thermal printer (120 V) for TTR330
36493-1
for TTR300-47 and TTR310-47
35026-4
USB portable thermal printer (230 V) for TTR330
36494-1
35026-5
Thermal paper (8.5” x 11”) for printer
36809-1
35026-2
Thermal paper (A4) for printer
36809-2
for TTR320 and TTR330
for TTR320-47 and TTR330-47
35314
Replacement/spare battery pack for printer
37077
AVTMTTR300
Transit case (for instrument, leads and accessories)
37009
Instruction manuals:
for TTR300
230 V, 50 Hz
for TTR310
AVTMTTR310
Field upgrade kits
for TTR320
AVTMTTR320
TTR330 interface panel
AVTMTTR330
TTR320 interface panel
37089-2
TTR310 interface panel
37089-3
37089-4
10
for TTR330
254
TTR300 interface panel
T: + 44 (0) 1304 502100
37089-1
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
MCT1600B
Automatic current transformer saturation, ratio and polarity test set
SPECIFICATIONS
Input
100 to 265 V, 1ø, 50 or 60 Hz, 15 A max.
Output
0 to 40 V at 2.0 A max
(5 minute on 15 minute off)
0 to 40 V at 5 A max for burden test
Continuously variable
in four ranges:
0 to 160 V at 2.0 A max
(5 minute on 15 minute off)
0 to 800 V at 1.5 A max
(3 min on, 15 min off)
0 to 1600 V at 1.0 A max
(3 min on, 15 min off)
Instrumentation
Voltmeters
Output
41⁄2 digit, auto ranging
Resolution:
0.0000 to .9999/19.999/199.99/1999.9
Ranges:
0 to 40/160/800/1600 V
Accuracy:
±0.5% of reading, and ±.5% range typical
±1% of reading and ±1 V maximum
Input
41⁄2 digit, auto-ranging
Ranges:
0 to 2/600
Resolution:
0.0000 to 1.9999/19.999/199.99/600 V
Accuracy
2 V Range:
±0.5% of reading and ±0.25% range
600 V Range:
±0.5% of reading and ±0.5% range
Ammeter
41⁄2 digit
Range:
0.0000 to 1.0000A/5.000
Accuracy:
±0.85% of reading and ±1 LSD
MCT1600B
n
One button automated test: Demagnetization, on
multi-ratio CTs test all Knee Point, Saturation, Polarity,
Winding Resistance, Burden, and Insulation Resistance
n
Displays multiple instantaneous Saturation Curves
with Knee Point
n
n
n
n
n
n
Integrated 1 kV DC insulation test system
Color daylight viewable graphical display
“Save & Print Later” with USB stick
Fast data entry using full QWERTY keyboard
1600 VAC Saturation Test Voltage
Automatic or manual testing selectable
Description
Phase angle
3 digits
The Megger MCT1600B test set is a lightweight, robust,
Range:
0 to 360 degrees
portable unit used to automatically or manually perform
Accuracy:
±1 degree* (*at nominal voltage)
saturation, ratio, polarity, burden tests and insulation tests
Ratio
on current transformers. The MCT provides a microprocessor
Range
0.8 to 5000
controlled variable voltage output and precision
Accuracy
±0.4% typical
±0.8% maximum
instrumentation for automatically testing single and
Ratio test frequency
55 Hz internally generated providing a
universal 50/60Hz test set
controlled output voltage with precision instrumentation and
storage, reducing testing time and increasing productivity.
Winding resistance
Measuring range
.01 Ω to 99.9 Ω
Accuracy
<9.99 Ω ±3% of reading ±2 digits
<99.9 Ω ±5% of reading ±2 digits
Insulation test
1000 VDC, 500 VDC
Measuring range:
10 kΩ – 999 MΩ
Short circuit current:
1.5 mA nominal
Test current on load:
1 mA at min. pass values of insulation (as
specified in BS7671, HD 384 and IEC 364)
Accuracy:
Specifications continued
Www.megger.com
The MCT1600B has a large display, permitting the user to
easily read all pertinent data while the test is being performed
and providing the ability to view the current transformer’s
saturation curve.
Test voltage:
Communication
interfaces
multi-ratio CTs. The MCT1600B possesses microprocessor
Environment
Operating:
Storage:
-10 ºC to 40 ºC
-30 ºC to 70 ºC
±3%, ±2 digits up to 10 MΩ
±5%, up to 100 MΩ
±30% up to full scale
Enclosure
The unit is housed in a rugged enclosure
suitable for use in outdoor substations.
Standards
IEC 61010, CSA 22.2, CE
Ethernet/USB
Dimensions
190 H X 489 W X 940 D mm
(7.5” H X 19.25” W X 15” D)
Weight
21.6 kg (47.6 lb)
255
10
MCT1600B
Automatic current transformer saturation, ratio and polarity test set
Saturation Curve and all test results displayed at a glance.
Complete report generation with PowerDB Lite
ORDERING INFORMATION
Manual testing screen.
Product
Order Code
MCT1600B Automatic Current Transformer
Saturation, Ratio and Polarity Test set
MCT1600B
Included accessories
Line cord, North American (1 ea)
Line cord, International color coded wire (1 ea)
620000
15065
Test lead, H1 & H2, 40 ft, (1 ea)
620148
Test Lead, X red, 20ft., (1ea.)
620149
Test Lead, X black, 20ft., (1ea)
620150
Gnd lead, green with yellow,
with large ground clip, 20ft., (1ea)
620151
Large test clip, red, 40mm opening, (1ea.)
640266
Large test clip, black, 40mm opening, (1ea.)
640267
Alligator clip, red, 4.1 mm, (1ea.)
684006
Alligator clip, black, 4.1 mm, (1ea.)
684007
Soft side lead case
90000-165
USB memory stick
830029
Instruction book
PowerDB Lite
80796
DB0001
Optional accessories
Transit Case
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T: + 44 (0) 1304 502100
2001-535
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
MCT1605
Current transformer test set
SPECIFICATIONS
Input
100 to 265 V, 1ø, 50 or 60 Hz, 15 A max.
Output
0 to 40 V at 2.0 A max
(5 minute on 15 minute off)
0 to 40 V at 5 A max for burden test
Continuously variable
in four ranges:
0 to 160 V at 2.0 A max
(5 minute on 15 minute off)
0 to 800 V at 1.5 A max
(3 min on, 15 min off)
0 to 1600 V at 1.0 A max
(3 min on, 15 min off)
Instrumentation
Voltmeters
Output
41⁄2 digit, auto ranging
Resolution:
0.0000 to .9999/19.999/199.99/1999.9
Ranges:
0 to 40/160/800/1600 V
Accuracy:
±0.5% of reading, and ±.5% range typical
±1% of reading and ±1 V maximum
Input
41⁄2 digit, auto-ranging
Ranges:
0 to 2/600
Resolution:
0.0000 to 1.9999/19.999/199.99/600 V
Accuracy
2 V Range:
±0.5% of reading and ±0.25% range
600 V Range:
±0.5% of reading and ±0.5% range
Ammeter
41⁄2 digit
Range:
0.0000 to 1.0000 A/5.000
Accuracy:
±0.85% of reading and ±1 LSD
Phase Angle
3 digits
Range:
0 to 360 degrees
Accuracy:
±1 degree* (*at nominal voltage)
Ratio
Range
0.8 to 5000
Accuracy
±0.4% typical
±0.8% maximum
Ratio Test Frequency
55 Hz internally generated providing a
universal 50/60Hz test set
MCT1605
n One button automated test: Demagnetization, on
multi-ratio CTs test all Knee Point, Saturation, Polarity
and Deviation, Winding Resistance, Insulation Resistance,
and Burden
n
Displays multiple instantaneous Saturation Curves
with Knee Point
n
n
n
n
n
n
Integrated 1 kV DC insulation test system
Color daylight viewable graphical display
“Save & Print Later” with USB stick
Fast data entry using full QWERTY keyboard
1600 VAC Saturation Test Voltage
Automatic or manual testing selectable
Description
“The MCT1605 test set is a lightweight, robust, portable unit
used to automatically or manually perform saturation, ratio,
polarity, demagnetizing tests and insulation tests on current
transformers. It provides a controlled variable voltage output
for automatically testing single and multi-ratio CTs.
Winding Resistance
Measuring Range
.01 Ω to 99.9 Ω
Accuracy
<9.99 Ω ±3% of reading ±2 digits
<99.9 Ω ±5% of reading ±2 digits
Insulation Test
Test Voltage:
1000 VDC, 500 VDC
Measuring Range:
10 kΩ – 999 MΩ
Specifications continued
Short Circuit Current:
1.5 mA nominal
Environment
Test Current on Load:
1 mA at min. pass values of insulation (as
specified in BS7671, HD 384 and IEC 364)
Operating
Storage
-10 ºC to 40 ºC
-30 ºC to 70 ºC
Accuracy:
±3%, ±2 digits up to 10 MΩ
±5%, up to 100 MΩ
±30% up to full scale
Enclosure
The unit is housed in a rugged enclosure
suitable for use in outdoor substations.
Standards
IEC 61010, CSA 22.2, CE
Ethernet/USB
Dimensions
190 H X 489 W X 940 D mm
(7.5” H X 19.25” W X 15” D)
Weight
21.6 kg (47.6 lb)
Communication
Interfaces
Www.megger.com
257
10
MCT1605
Current transformer test set
Saturation curve and all test results displayed at a glance.
Complete report generation with PowerDB Lite
Manual testing screen.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
MCT1605 Multi-Tap Automatic Current
Transformer Saturation, Ratio and Polarity Test Set
Order Code
MCT1605
Product
Order Code
Alligator clip, red, 4.1mm, (1 ea)
684006
Alligator clip, white, 4.1mm, (1 ea)
90000-882
Alligator clip, green, 4.1mm, (1 ea)
90000-883
Alligator clip, yellow, 4.1mm, (1 ea)
90000-884
Alligator clip, blue, 4.1mm, (1 ea)
90000-885
620148
Soft side lead case
90001-165
Test lead, X red, 20 ft, (1 ea)
2000-753
USB memory stick
830029
Test lead, X green, 20 ft, (1 ea)
2000-747
Ethernet crossover cable (1 ea)
620094
Test lead, X yellow, 20 ft, (1 ea)
2000-748
Instruction book
Test lead, X blue, 20 ft, (1 ea)
2000-749
PowerDB Lite
Test lead, X white, 20 ft, (1 ea)
2000-746
Optional accessories
Included accessories
Line cord, North American (1 ea)
Line cord, International color coded wire (1 ea)
Test lead, H1 & H2, 40 ft, (1 ea)
620000
15065
Ground lead, green with yellow,
with large ground clip, 20 ft, (1 ea)
620151
Large test clip, red, 40mm opening, (1 ea)
640266
Large test clip, black, 40mm opening, (1 ea)
640267
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258
80513
DB0001
Printer USB, battery operated, (1 ea)
830030
PowerDB, 1st copy with USB key
DB1001S
Transit case
2001-535
T: + 44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
MAGNUS
Set-up transformer
MAGNUS
SPECIFICATIONS
n
Quick and easy preparation of excitation curves for
instrument transformers
n
n
n
Demagnetize current transformer cores
Conduct turn-ratio tests on voltage transformers
Two-hand control enhances personal safety
Description
When power systems are put into operation or when
faults occur, it becomes necessary to check the instrument
transformers to make sure that they are providing test
instruments and protective relay equipment with the correct
outputs.
MAGNUS™ permits you to prepare excitation curves for
instrument transformers quickly and easily.
MAGNUS is also used to demagnetize current transformer
cores and to conduct turn-ratio tests on voltage transformers.
Even though it weighs only 16 kg (35 lbs), it provides 1 A at
2.2 kV. Two-hand control enhances personal safety.
As standard, MAGNUS is delivered with a special high-voltage
cable and a robust transport case.
Application example
IMPORTANT
Read the user manual before using the instrument.
Prepare an excitation curve
1.
Connect MAGNUS to the secondary side of the current transformer being tested and also to an ammeter and voltmeter.
2.
Increase the voltage with the dial.
3.
Jot down the values of U (voltage) and I (current).
4.
Repeat steps 2 and 3 until the current (I) rises sharply without any significant rise in voltage (U).
5.
Conclude the test by reducing U (voltage) slowly to zero, thereby providing demagnetization.
Www.megger.com
259
10
PowerDB™ Pro
Acceptance and maintenance test data management software
Full database capabilities
n Test results are brought together into a single database file for easy retrieval and review.
n An entire organization’s results can be synchronized into a single database, scalable to Microsoft SQl Server.
n One-step report generation maximizes timeliness and facilitates NeRC/FeRC compliance audits.
n Easily trend results over time and compare to all other similar assets.
n Track maintenance intervals and generate work orders for scheduled retests.
n Merge results from multiple test instruments with data imports from other sources to facilitate queries and sorting.
n Maintain calibration data for test instruments.
Optional Add-ons
MCT1605
n
n
PowerDB Web Server
Windows-based PC software available in four versions
Any user can log in by providing a user name and password.
Interfaces to instruments via either Serial RS232, Ethernet,
or USB flash drive (depending on instrument)
n Allows user to set up test routines in advance of testing
n Allows analysis, comparison and trending of data
nMerge test results between field and office databases
nCustomize reports for professional data presentation
They are then able to view each of their jobs, while other
jobs are hidden from view. Job equipment information is
presented in a tree hierarchy similar to how it is presented
in PowerDB. Test reports of recent or historical data for any
piece of equipment can be viewed individually. The PowerDB
Web Server also allows you to deliver any other electronic
documents that you submit for a job, such as a job-
Description
documentation package.
PowerDB is a powerful software package providing data
Microsoft SQL Server Upgrade
management for each of your acceptance and maintenance
The SQL Server upgrade option functions identically to the
testing jobs. Data can be imported from various sources,
acquired directly from test instruments, or entered manually.
Test results for all electrical apparatus are synchronized to your
company’s central database. Result and summary reports can
be easily generated. PowerDB provides a simple and consistent
Access version but supports larger databases and provides a
substantial performance increase. PowerDB can seamlessly
interact with Access field databases and SQL master databases.
user interface to many Megger instruments including the
On Site Training
DelTa2000, DelTa3000 and DelTa4000 Power Factor Test Sets,
A two day training course can be provided at your facility.
3-Phase TTR, earth testers and 5 and 10 kV insulation testers.
Training includes data entry, trending, report generation,
data synchronization and forms design.
CMMS Integration
For a flat fee, a PowerDB programmer will aid you in
integrating a data exchange service between PowerDB and
your CMMS system (or any other system). This service includes
up to one week of on-site integration.
10
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PowerDB™ Pro
Acceptance and maintenance test data management software
PowerDB Version
Comparison Guide
ONBOARD
LITE
Advanced
PRO
Runs in a hardened embedded environment
n
Navigate with arrow and enter keys (no mouse)
n
Manage data files with internal drive and USB drive
n
Uses a subset of PowerDB Pro forms applicable to your instrument
n
n
Files can import into PowerDB Pro
n
n
n
Relay/Breaker/Recloser curve library
n
n
n
n
Completed forms are saved as files to your computer
n
n
n
n
Associates current test data with historical results
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Control non-Megger instruments
n
n
280+ industry standard test forms are provided
n
n
Advanced Relay Form
n
n
Trend historical results for asset for predictive failure analysis
n
n
Control Megger instruments and download test data
Trend historical results for asset against other similar assets
n
Database functionality to manage data for all electrical equipment
n
One step report generation
n
Summarize noted comments and/or deficiencies
n
Trigger work order and maintenance schedules
n
Synchronize results from field to master database
n
Synchronize results with other testers
n
Form editor allows test sheets to be created or customized
n
Import data from other software packages
n
Maintain calibration data for test instruments
n
REcommended PC System Requirements
Windows® 7/XP/Vista. 2 GHz PC with 2GB RAM
PowerDB is a trademark of PowerDB, Inc., a subsidiary of Megger
Ordering Information
Product
PowerDB Pro Software – 1st copy
PowerDB Pro Software – 1st copy w/USB
PowerDB Pro Software – 2-5 each copy
PowerDB Pro Software – 2-5 each copy w/USB
PowerDB Pro Software – 6+ each copy
PowerDB Pro Software – 6+ each copy w/USB
Order Code
DB1001
DB1001S
DB1002
DB1002S
Order Code
PowerDB Pro Custom Forms – per page
DB2001
PowerDB Pro CMMS Integration
DB2002
PowerDB Software Training
DB3000
PowerDB Advanced Software
DB1011
DB1003
DB1003S
PowerDB Pro Web Server
DB1004
PowerDB Pro SQL Server Version
DB1005
Www.megger.com
Product
261
10
MAGNUS
Set-up transformer
Specifications Specifications are valid at nominal input voltage and an ambient
temperature of +25 °C, (77 °F). Specifications are subject to change
without notice.
Environment
Application field
Temperature
Operating
Storage & transport
Humidity
The instrument is intended for use
in high-voltage substations and
industrial environments.
0 °C to +50°C (32 °F to +122 °F)
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to
+158 °F)
5% – 95% RH, non-condensing
CE-marking
EMC
LVD
2004/108/EC
2006/95/EC
Cable set GA-00090
General
Mains voltage
Power consumption
Protection
Dimensions
Instrument
Transport case
Weight
High voltage cables
115 / 230 V AC, 50 / 60 Hz
2300 VA (max)
Thermal cut-outs
356 x 203 x 241 mm
(14” x 8” x 9.5”)
610 x 290 x 360 mm
(24” x 11,4” x 14,2”)
16.3 kg (35,9 lbs)
26.7 kg (58.9 lbs) with accessories
and transport case
2 x 5 m (16.4 ft) / 1,5 mm2, 15 kV
Measuring outputs
Voltage
Inaccuracy
Current
Inaccuracy
100 / 1, (max load of 1 MΩ)
±1,5%
10 / 1
±1,5% at 2 A output current
±3% at 0,5 A output current
Outputs
Voltage outputs, AC
230 V mains voltage
(I) High voltage output 1)
(II) Variable transformer, not
isolated from mains 1)
Voltage
Current
2200 V AC
1A
250 V AC
6A
115 V mains voltage
(I) High voltage output 1)
(II) Variable transformer, not
isolated from mains 1)
Voltage
Current
2000 V AC
1A
110 V AC
10 A
0 – 2200 V AC
0 – 250 V AC
Max. load time
30 s 2)
Continuous
Rest time
10 minutes 2)
–
0 – 2000 V AC
0 – 110 V AC
Max. load time
30 s 2)
Continuous
Rest time
10 minutes 2)
–
ORDERING INFORMATION
1) The outputs I and II must not be loaded at the same time.
2) The load time and rest time for the high voltage output is calculated at the maximum
output voltage and current. During an excitation test the voltage and current is only at
their maximum level at the end of the test.
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262
Product
Order Code
MAGNUS
Complete with:
Cable set GA-00090
Transport case GD-00182
115 V mains voltage
BT-11190
230 V mains voltage
BT-12390
T: + 44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
Optional Accessories
Optional capacitor kit includes carry case, TTR capacitor (left), and
2 reference capacitors (center). Also shown are 2 connectors (right)
that will work with the capacitors and are supplied with the
DELTA2000 unit.
The optional accessory kit, C/N 670501 includes mini bushing tap
connectors, hot collar straps, temperature/humidity meter, .75”
bushing tap connector, 1” bushing tap connector, “J” probe bushing
tap connector, 3-ft non-insulating shorting leads, 6-ft non-insulating
shorting leads.
Optional bar code wand for
recording an alphanumeric
test identification.
Www.megger.com
The optional Oil Test Cell, C/N 670511, is used for testing insulating
fluids up to 10 kV.
Optional TTR300D module, for LV three-phase TTR testing, installed
inside DELTA HV cabinet. (Lid not shown for clarity.) Via PowerDB
software, TTR testing is in accordance with Megger TTR300 product
specifications. External laptop is easily placed on top surface of
module for added convenience.
The optional Calibration Standard traceable to the
NIST for quick operating or calibration checks of test set
bridges calibrated in watts loss or in dissipation factor.
263
10
Power cable
test
Power cable fault locating and testing takes on a whole
new dimension with the modular cable fault locating
concept from Megger. We have geared our development
to the industry requirements for a more tempered fault
locating method and have developed more sophisticated
methods that reduce the stress on insulation systems.
11
11
264
Selection guide.......................................................................................... 265
Technical information................................................................................. 266
PFL40A-1500/2000 portable cable fault location........................................ 268.
PFL22M1500 portable cable fault location and high voltage test system..... 270
CFL40A 1500/2000 vehicle mountable cable fault location........................ 272.
MTDR single phase time domain reflectometer.......................................... 274.
L1050 portable locator............................................................................... 276
L1070/1071 portable locator...................................................................... 277.
MPP1000 pinpointer.................................................................................. 278
Split-box pipe and cable locator................................................................. 280
T: + 44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
SELECTION GUIDE
n feature
£ option
Mobile cable fault
PFL40A1500/200
PFL22M
1500
n
n
Van mounted cable fault equipment
CFL40A
1500/2000
MTDR
L1050
L1070/
1071
MPP1000
SPLIT-BOX
PIPE
n
Engerised and de-engerised cable
locator
n
Portable locator
n
Single phase time domain
reflectometer
n
n
8/16 kV, 1500 joules surge
n
8/16/34 kV, 1500 joules surge
n
8/16/34 kV, 2000 joules surge
n
n
n
4 kV range
£
£
£
Arc reflection method
n
n
n
Arc reflection plus
n
n
n
Impulse current
n
n
n
Voltage decay
£
£
£
Integrated TDR
n
n
n
Integrated and redesigned TDR
n
n
n
DC testing up to 40 kV
n
n
n
Proof/burn up to 34 kV
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Proof/burn up to 20 kV
IP54 with top cover closed
n
Fault detection up to 50 m
Ambient noise reduction
headphones
n
Acoustic signal level indicator
n
Background interference elimination
via selectable acoustic frequency
band
n
Multiple frequencies
n
n
Transmits AF or RF signals or both
simultaneously
n
n
Peak and null detection
n
n
Passive 50/60 Hz
n
Measures current flow in buried
conductors
n
Transmitter variable output power
levels
n
Push-button depth measurements
up to 5 m
n
Conductive or inductive tracing
Two channel receiver
Www.megger.com
n
n
265
11
Power cable testing
Cable testing on the road
PFL20 and PFL40 cable fault locators feature a high-voltage DC test
By its very nature, cable fault location often needs to be carried out
test set can be used to prove the integrity of cable networks or
at remote sites, and even the most modern of cable fault locators
to confirm faults, and an operator-selectable overcurrent trip is
could hardly be described as lightweight or easily portable. The
incorporated to protect the system under test in the event of a cable
solution is to install fault location equipment in a suitably adapted
breakdown.
set, complemented by a time domain reflectometer (TDR). The DC
road vehicle, so that it can be driven direct to the site where it’s
needed, and be ready for immediate use.
Fault pre-location can be achieved using the TDR in standard pulse
echo mode, or by the arc reflection, impulse current or voltage
To satisfy the need for vehicle-mounted fault location equipment,
decay methods. To optimize performance in arc reflection mode, the
Megger offers a range of options. Customers can, if they wish,
units incorporate inductive filters that enable maximum energy to be
supply their own vehicle and Megger will install equipment to
delivered to the fault.
suit individual requirements. Alternatively, Megger can supply
equipment for customers to fit themselves. The final option is for
The TDR can also be used as a transient analyser. It resolves current
Megger to supply a vehicle ready fitted with cable testing
transients with the aid of the builtin current coupler, and voltage
equipment.
transients by using the external voltage decay coupler. In addition,
the testers support acoustic pinpoint fault location, using their high
In every case the cable fault location equipment supplied will be
voltage, high-energy surge generators.
based on products from Megger’s PFL20 and PFL40 families. These
test sets are designed specifically to aid rapid, accurate location
For intermittent or unstable faults, PFL20 and PFL40 testers offer a
of cable faults in a wide range of power distribution cables, thereby
choice of fault conditioning features. In proof/burn mode,
cutting costly downtime.
after cable breakdown has occurred, the units apply a high current
that stabilizes the fault, making it much easier to locate.
PFL20 testers offer DC proof testing at up to 20 kV with energies up
to 1,500J, while the PFL40 models offer proof testing at up to 40 kV
Alternatively, the arc reflection method can be used to establish a
and energies up to 2,000J. To ensure fast and convenient operation,
temporary bridge to earth, enabling standard pulse echo location
the integral power supply can recharge the testers to full energy
techniques to be used.
and voltage in as little as two seconds.
11
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T: + 44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
What do you do with a cable fault that
won’t “THUMP”?
When you work in the role of technical support you tend to get
exposed to some very challenging situations. When an Engineer
throws in the towel and picks up his mobile to ask for help you
know that he has exhausted all options. After all ‘real’ men don’t
stop to ask for directions!
One of the typical challenges that Megger receives from its
customers is the elusive cable fault that will not ‘thump’ to pinpoint
the fault. This is often a problem with faults within a splice, blowouts with either burnt back conductors or neutrals and bolted (solid
short) faults.
In all three situations the problem lies within the gap distance
between the conductor and neutral.
The sole basis of pinpointing and high voltage radar techniques is
to create an arc or high voltage breakdown at the point of the fault.
The breakdown that is established reduces the impedance of the
fault allowing the cable radar to reflect a pulse off the arc that is
If the Arc Reflection technique does not render results, the MTDR
can also perform the Surge Pulse (Impulse Current) fault locating
technique. This technique takes full advantage of the thumper
discharged energy and will typically produce results even with
excessive gaps.
produced. In the case of splice faults or burnt-back conductors or
How do you pinpoint a fault that will not thump?
neutrals, the distance between the conductor and neutral (gap) may
The fault can be pinpointed by using the receiver portion of a cable
be excessive.
locator/tracer kit much like the Megger L1070. Apply breakdown
When a proof test or high potential test is performed the meters
surges with a surge generator, like the Megger PFL40. At the point
indicate a fault to ground; excessive leakage current and low to
of the fault the peak deflection measured on the tracer’s receiver
no voltage can be sustained. This test confirms that the cable is
will jump off scale. Now that’s a neat trick!
faulted by the measurement of excessive leakage current, but does
not indicate the condition of the gap that the surged voltage must
bridge.
When performing an Arc Reflection test a reflection from the fault
is never captured because a suitable arc cannot be established
across the excessive gap. In the situation of a cable fault that won’t
“THUMP”, a bolted fault or a solid short the problem is that there is
NO gap. When this fault is surged we experience a rush of current
through the short circuit, but no arc and therefore no ’thump‘.
So how are these elusive faults found? The first task is to localise the
fault. The Megger MTDR is a very powerful tool with many tricks up
its sleeve.
If the problem is a bolted fault (solid short), the MTDR Time Domain
Reflectometer will clearly show a negative reflection at the point of
the failure. Simply measure the distance to this reflection to obtain
an approximate location of the failure. A blow-out (open circuit)
will produce a significant positive reflection. Simply measure to this
event to localise the fault. The splice is more challenging.
Www.megger.com
If you need a...
time domain reflectometer (TDR) suitable for testing
communication equipment, see our Industrial Test and
Contracting Catalogue.
267
11
PFL40A 1500/2000
Portable cable fault location
SPECIFICATIONS
Testing
Output
0 - 4 kV (negative wrt earth) 25 mA
constant
Resolution
1 mA
Trip
Adjustable current trip
Metering
Analogue and digital metering of current
and voltage
Pre-location low voltage
MTDR
PFL40A 1500/2000
n
n
n
n
n
n
Range
60 m - 50 km
Pulse width
40, 80, 160, 320, 640 ns 1, 2, 5, 10 µs,
and auto
Display
8 in., full VGA, colour
Cursors
Dual independant control
Gain
Auto and selectable, x1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, 20,
50, 100
Input
Impedance 50 Ω
Inputs
1 pulse echo, 1 current impulse/voltage
decay
Ports
1 serial, 2 parallel (printer/USB memory
device
High voltage pre-location
Compact, portable fault locating systems
HV insulation testing to 40 kV
Arc reflection
8/16/34 kV
1500 or 2000 Joule
4 kV at 1500 Joules (optional)
ICE
8/16/34 kV
4 kV at 1500 Joules (optional)
Voltage decay
0 - 40 kV (optional)
Proof/burn up to 34 kV
8/16/34 kV, 1500 Joules surge output
Arc Reflection Method
Fault conditioning
Integrated large screen colour TDR
Arc reflection
8/16/34 kV (optional 4 kV)
Proof/burn
0 – 40 kV
0 – 8 kV, 120 mA
0 – 16 kV, 60 mA
0 – 34 kV, 30 mA
0 – 4 kV, 240 mA (optional)
Description
The prime objective of any cable fault location system is to
provide quick, effective, accurate and safe fault location,
thereby reducing system outages and “customer minutes
Pinpoint fault location
lost.”
Surge
0 – 8/16/34 kV
0 – 4 kV at 1500 Joules (optional)
1500/2000 Joules (dependant on model)
systems are designed to meet this criterion. These new systems
Impulse sequence
Adjustable 2 - 12 seconds single shot
are seen as a valuable extension to our existing range of CFL
Cables
The complete family of compact Megger cable fault locating
instruments and capabilities.
HV
15 m of 70 kV 1-phase EPR
The standard system is a mobile compact system that can
Input/supply
15 m, 8 mm2
be further customised by the customer to meet local
Earth
15 m, 8 mm2
requirements. All systems offer the facility to undertake cable
Earth monitor
15 m
testing; cable and fault diagnosis; pre-location of cable faults;
fault conditioning; pinpoint location using acoustic methods.
11
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T: + 44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
PFL40A 1500/2000
Portable cable fault location
Specifications continued
Environmental
Operating temperature
-20° to +50 °C (-4 °F to 122 °F)
Storage temperature
-20° to +70 °C (-4 °F to 122 °F)
Elevation
1500 m (5000 ft)
Derate voltages at higher altitudes
Humidity
50 to 95% RH non-condensing
Supply
110 to 260 V (50/60 Hz) (Must be defined
at time of ordering)
Ingress protection
IP54 (with top/back flaps closed)
Mechanical data
Dimensions (H x W x D)
965 mm x 536 mm x 503 mm
Weight
149 kg
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
Product
Order Code
230 V 40 kV dc, 8/16/34 kV at 1500 J surge
PFL40A1500-22
Optional accessories
As above including safety earth monitor
PFL40A1500-21
External battery (230 V system)
MPS230
230 V 40 kV dc, 8/16/34 kV at 2000 J surge
PFL40A2000-22
External battery (110 V system)
MPS110
As above including safety earth monitor
PFL40A2000-21
Voltage decay coupler
230 V 40 kV dc, 4/8/16/34 kV at 1500 J surge
PFL40A1500-30
Earthing discharge stick
As above including safety earth monitor
PFL40A1500-29
230 V 40 kV dc, 4/8/16/34 kV at 2000 J surge
PFL40A2000-30
Manual and motorised cable drum assembly
details available on request
As above including safety earth monitor
PFL40A2000-29
Other input voltages and languages available
36569
22070-62
See separate
datasheet
On Request
Included accessories
PFF with integral MTDR1
High-voltage shielded output cable, 15 m
Supply cable, 7.6 m
Flexible earth cable, 15 m
Wheel kit and handle assembly
Cable bag
Instruction manual
Www.megger.com
PFL
36566
17032-17
19265-15
36306/36409
18313
AVTMPFL40
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PFL22M1500
Portable cable fault location and high voltage test system
SPECIFICATIONS
Testing
Output
0 - 20 kV (negative with regard to earth)
0 – 10 kV, 115 mA constant
0 – 20 kV, 58 mA constant
Resolution
1 mA
Trip
Adjustable current trip
Metering
Analogue metering of current and voltage
Pre-location low voltage
MTDR100
Range
50 m – 55 km (164 ft - 180,446 ft)
Pulse width
50, 100, 200, 500 ns, 1, 2,5,10 µs, and
auto
Pulse ampltude
25 V into 50 Ω
Sampling rate
100 MHz
Timbase accuracy
200 ppm
Resolution (Vp=55%
0.82 m (2.8 ft)
Display
26.4 mm (10.4 in.), full XGA
1024 x 768 colour display
Cursors
Dual independent control
Gain
60 dB range in 5 dB steps
Input
Impedance 50 Ω
Inputs
1 x TDR/ARC, 1 x current impulse
HV insulation testing to 20 kV
Ports
1 x printer/USB memory device
Proof/burn up to 20 kV, 115 mA
Software
CAS1 (cable analysis software)
8/16 kV, 1500 Joules surge output
High voltage pre-location
Arc reflection method
Arc reflection
0-8 and 0-16 kV, 1500 Joule
Arc reflection plus
Digital Arc reflection
0-8 and 0-16 kV, 1500 Joule
Arc reflection plus
0-8 and 0-16 kV, 1500 Joule
1024-16 traces dependent on range
Differential Arc reflection
0-8 and 0-16 kV, 1500 Joule
Impulse current
0-8 and 0-16 kV, 1500 Joule
PFL22M1500
n
n
n
n
n
n
Portable, rugged fault locating systems
Description
The PFL22M1500 power cable fault locator is designed to
provide quick, effective, accurate and safe fault location,
Fault conditioning
0-20 kV 58 mA
0-10 kV 115 mA
thereby reducing system outages and minutes lost.
Proof/burn
The instrument comes in a rugged yet portable enclosure. Its
Pinpoint fault location
IP64 rating makes it suitable for use in even environmentally
Surge
0 – 8 and 0-16 kV, @ 1550 Joule
hostile conditions.
Impulse sequence
Adjustable 5 - 30 seconds
Single shot
All systems offer the facility to undertake cable testing:
Cables
cable and fault diagnosis, pre-location of cable faults, fault
conditioning, and pinpoint fault location using acoustic
methods.
HV
Detachable 15 m (25 ft) 1-phase flexiable
sheilded cable with HV croc clips
Input/supply
7.5 m (15 ft) 8 mm2 input cable
Earth
15 m (25 ft) 8 mm2 flexible earth cable
with vice grips
Safety
Universal AVSM 2 ranges
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108 - 132 V ac and 208 - 265 V ac 47 63 Hz
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
PFL22M1500
Portable cable fault location and high voltage test system
Specifications continued
SPECIFICATIONS
Environmental
Operating temperature
-20 °C to +50 °C (-4 °F to 122 °F)
Storage temperature
-20 °C to +55 °C (-4 °F to 131 °F)
Elevation
1600 m (Derate voltages at higher
altitudes)
Humidity
5 to 95% RH non-condensing
Supply
108 -135 V and 210 - 265 V ac (50/60 Hz)
Ingress protection
IP64 (with top/back flaps closed)
Mechanical data
Dimensions (H x W x D)
965 mm x 536 mm x 503 mm
(3 ft x 1.75 ft x 1.65 ft)
Weight
131 kg (290 lb)
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
20 kV dc. 8/16 kV @ 1550 Joule surge
PFL22M1500-EN
As above but including 12 V inverter
PFL22M1500INV-EN
Included accessories
High voltage shielded output cable 15 m including
MC terminations with HV clamps
Supply cable, 7.5 m (23 ft)
Flexible ground cable, 15 m (50 ft)
Interlock shorting plug
Cable bag
Instruction manual
Software
Www.megger.com
1001-123
17032
19265-15
10226-1
2001-813
AVTMPFL22
Product
Order Code
Optional accessories
HV vice grips
18944-2
120 V battery trolley
MPS120
230 V battery trolley
MPS230
PFL20M transit case
2001-289
Stand alone battery supply
Accoustic/electromagnetic receiver
Stand alone cable reel assembly
100-690
MPP2000
CBL100HV
NB. Refer to factory for full list of cable reel
assemblies
CAS-1
271
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CFL40A2000
Vehicle mountable cable fault location and high voltage test solution
SPECIFICATIONS
Testing
Output
0 - 40 kV (negative wrt earth) 25 mA
constant
Resolution
1 mA
Trip
Adjustable current trip
Metering
Analogue and digital metering of current
and voltage
Pre-location low voltage
MTDR
Range
60 m - 50 km
Pulse width
40, 80, 160, 320, 640 ns 1, 2, 5, 10 µs,
and auto
Display
8 in., full VGA, colour
Cursors
Dual independent control
Gain
Auto and selectable, x1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, 20,
50, 100
Input
Impedance 50 Ω
Inputs
1 pulse echo, 1 current impulse/voltage
decay
HV insulation testing to 40 kV
Ports
1 serial, 2 parallel (printer/USB memory
device
n
8/16/34 kV, 2000 Joules surge output
High voltage pre-location
n
4 kV /1500 Joules range (optional)
n
34 kV Arc Reflection Method and Arc Reflection plus
CFL40A2000
n
n
n
Separate HV and control modules
Arc reflection
8/16/34 kV at 2000 Joules
4 kV at 1500 Joules (optional)
ICE
8/16/34 kV (optional 4 kV)
Voltage decay
0 - 40 kV (optional)
Fault conditioning
Proof/burn up to 40 KV
Description
The CFL40A vehicle mountable cable fault location system
has been developed to provide quick, effective, accurate and
Arc reflection
8/16/34 kV (optional 4 kV)
Proof/burn
0 - 8 kV, 120 mA
0 - 16 kV, 60 mA
0 - 40 kV, 30 mA
0 - 4 kV, 240 mA (optional)
Pinpoint fault location
safe fault location, reducing system outages and “customer
minutes lost.”
The CFL40A is a valuable addition to the existing range of
highly successful, field proven family of cable fault locating
Surge
0 - 8/16/34 kV at 2000 Joules
0 - 4 kV/100 Joules
2000 Joules (dependent on model)
Impulse sequence
Adjustable 2 - 12 seconds single shot
Cables
systems, available from Megger.
CFL40A cable set
The system comes as two separate modules, making it suitable
Environmental
for mounting in a vehicle or trailer. The HV module contains
Operating temperature
-20 °C to +50 °C (-4° to 122 °F)
all of the high voltage elements. Control of all of the HV
Storage temperature
-20 °C to +70 °C (-4° to 122 °F)
Elevation
1500 m (5000 ft)
Derate voltages at higher altitudes
Humidity
50 to 95% RH non-condensing
can provide a completely customised kitted out vehicle to your
Supply
110 -260 V (50/60 Hz) (must be defined at
time of ordering)
specification.
Ingress protection
IP64 (with top/back flaps closed)
elements and CFL methods is by a separate control panel,
which also houses the large screen colour TDR.
Systems can be supplied as a kit of parts or alternatively we
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CFL40A2000
Vehicle mountable cable fault location and high voltage test solution
SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications continued
Mechanical data
Dimensions (H x W x D)
HV module
1000 mm x 536 mm x 501 mm
Control module
480 mm x 490 mm x 180 mm
Weight
HV module
145 kg
Control module
9 kg
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
Product
3 range 40 kV dc, 8/16/34 kV, 2000 Joule surge
CFL40A2000-23
Optional accessories
4 range 40 kV dc, 4/8/16/34 kV, 2000 Joule surge
CFL40A2000-31
Order Code
External battery (230 V systems)
MPS230
Included accessories
External battery (110 V systems)
MPS110
HV module
Voltage decay coupler
Earth safety monitor/interlock
Earthing/discharge stick
Control module and integrated MTDR
CFL40A cable kit
Interlock shorting plug
Cable bag
Instruction manual
Www.megger.com
3659
22070-62
3 reel cable tree with 50 m of HV cable, 50 m
earth/ground cable with ferrules and 50 m of
supply cable with no end termination
CBL167HVP
3 reel cable tree with 50 m of HV cable, 50 m
earth/ground cable with ferrules and 15 m of earth
monitor lead
CBL167HVE
4 reel cable tree with 50 m of HV cable, 50 m
earth/ground cable with ferrules, 50 m input
power cable with no termination and 15 m of
earth monitor lead
CBL167HVPE
Other manual and motorised cable drum
assemblies available on request
ask for
information
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MTDR1
Single phase time domain reflectometer
When the arc reflection mode is selected, the MTDR features
autoranging and auto fault distance. The MTDR offers
features that are unique to the market. The flexible interface
allows the operator to access any parameter; the large VGA
screen provides easily viewed traces, especially in bright or
direct sunlight. The built-in USB port allows for transferring
traces between the MTDR and a remote computer. The
integrated QWERTY keyboard allows you to input and label
trace data for archival purposes.
The MTDR can be used as a stand alone unit or integrated into
the PFL Auto Series for a full cable fault finding system. The
unit is also fully compatible with nearly any surge generator/
filter combo on the market.
MTDR1
The unit allows the operator to select the best prelocation
technique based on the characteristics of the fault. It also
nMultiple fault locating methods
n Auto-ranging and auto-fault distance modes
n Single-phase, two-channel transceiver
nCompatible with various other surge generators/filters
allows the user to save and create files, and save cursor
offsets. The MTDR also allows recall of previously stored traces
and superimposition of a stored trace on an active trace.
In this mode, the unit will display as many as three traces
combo
n
simultaneously.
User configurable velocity tables and adjustable display
cursors
Description
The MTDR1 is used for prelocating cable faults utilizing the
following methods: pulse echo, arc reflection, differential
arc reflection or transient analysis, both voltage and current.
The unit is available as a stand-alone, or can be integrated
into the Megger PFL auto series line of products. Using the
MTDR for prelocation significantly decreases fault locate
times by reducing the number of surges required to prelocate.
Consequently this reduces the number of surges required to
pinpoint. The major benefit is the reduction of the number of
surges required to pinpoint on service aged cables. The MTDR
is your prime tool in the battle to quickly find your faults.
It eliminates the time consuming and damaging process of
repeatedly surging your cable in an effort to find faults.
The MTDR performs the following wave capturing
methods:
n TDR (pulse echo)
n Arc reflection
n Burn arc reflection (arc stabilization)
n Surge pulse reflection (impulse current)*
n Voltage decay (voltage transient)*
*When integrated into the PFL40 auto series with the
appropriate couplers.
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MTDR1
Single phase time domain reflectometer
SPECIFICATIONS
Operating modes
Arc reflection, surge, voltage decay, TDR
Ranges
64, 165, 323, 649, 1298, 2682, 5364,
10,668, 21,458 m (210, 540, 1060, 2130,
4260, 8800, 17,600, 35,000, 70,400 ft)
TDR pulse widths
40, 80, 160, 320, 640 ns
1, 2, 5, 10 µs
Sampling rate
50 megasamples/second
Cursors
Selectable format; meters, feet
Dual, independent cursors with both
positions displayed
Differential cursor position displayed
Resolution
1.50 m (5 ft), depending on range and
mode
Horizontal zoom
Selectable via front panel controls
Velocity selectable
30 to 100%
295.1 to 983.5 ft/µs
90 to 299.7 m/µs
147.6 to 491.7 ft/µs (Vp/2)
Inputs
Input 1
channel one acquisition (TDR and ARC)
Input 2
channel two acquistion (SURGE and
voltage decay)
TDR Pulse amplitude
10 V nominal, into 50 Ω
Gain
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100
Input impedance
50 Ω, all inputs
Max. signal input
250 V peak for transients
Display
Transflective colour LCD
Operating system
Window® XP embedded
External interfaces
USB port, serial port
Printer support (USB
printer)
Hewlett Packard or others supporting
standard
HP-PCL (printer control language)
Memory
Stores up to 200 waveforms internally
Power
100 to 240 V ac 50/60 Hz self configuring
for stand-alone unit
For integrated unit, power is supplied by
PFL series
Environmental
Operating temperature
-20 ºC to +50 ºC (-4 °F to +122 °F)
Storage temperature
-30 ºC to +70 ºC (-22 °F to +158 ºF)
Humidity
95% RH non-condensing
Mechanical data
ORDERING INFORMATION
Dimensions
305 mm x 194 mm x 360 mm
(12 in. x 7.6 in x 14.2 in.)
Weight
6 kg (13 lb)
Product
Order Code
Single phase MTDR
MTDR1
Included accessories
Power supply cord
North American (1 ea)
European (1 ea)
Coaxial cable, 3 m (10 ft) (2 ea)
ComLink software (1 ea)
BNC (F) to alligator clip adapter (2 ea)
Ground cable (1 ea)
RS232 cable (1 ea)
User guide (1 ea)
Www.megger.com
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11
L1050
Portable locator
SPECIFICATIONS
Receiver
Operating frequency
815 Hz or 82.135 kHz
Antenna mode
Null responding vertical coil
Battery
Battery type
8 x AA size alkaline cells
Battery life
120 hours
Environmental
Operating temperature
-20 ºC to +55 ºC (-4 °F to +133 °F)
Mechanical data
Dimensions (H x W x L)
7.6 x 7.6 x 33 cm (3 x 3 x 13 in.)
Weight
0.568 kg (1 lbs 4 oz.)
Transmitter
Operating frequency
815 Hz or 82.135 kHz
Output power
815 Hz 100 mW
82.315 Hz 100 mW
Directly coupled 100 mW
Inductively coupled 110 mW
Power
Resonating inductor
n Multiple frequencies
n Transmits AF or RF signals
n Portable and lightweight
n Conductive or inductive tracing
Battery type
8 x D size alkaline cells
Battery life
150 hours
Environmental
Operating temperature
-20 ºC to +55 ºC (-4 °F to +133 °F)
Mechanical data
Description
Dimensions (H x W x L)
16 x 19 x 43 cm (6.5 x 7.5 x 17 in.)
Weight
2.8 kg. (6 lb 3 oz)
The L1050 portable locator rivals any path locator at any price.
An innovative concept, the receiver is a one-piece design that
is lightweight an highly accurate. The superior filtering of the
L1050 receiver picks up the transmitted signal easily at waist
height, thus eliminating awkward bending.
Operating the receiver at multiple frequencies optimises
performance for the specific needs of the user. Low frequency
of 815 Hz provides longer range and reduced errors from
adjacent cables, ideal for electric power services. High 82 kHz
frequency wil path locate past bad telephone bonds, locate
underground stubs and permit inductive locating with either
the optional flexible coupler or direct soil induction.
Applications
Ordering Information
Flexibility remains the key strength of reaching difficult,
multi-point, grounded utility locating applications. Combining
Product
high power at low frequency virtually eliminates the false
L1050 portable locator
coupling into adjacent objects and allows the high transmitter
Included accessories
power to burn a signal past several grounds and into multiple
Peaking receiver, transmitter (2 frequencies), red/
black cord, batteries and ground rod
distributed grounds.
Order Code
651050
Instruction manual
Optional accessories
Flexible coupler (inductive coupler)
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E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
L1070 and L1071
Portable locators
SPECIFICATIONS
Transmitter
Operating frequency
82 kHz, 8 kHz, 815 Hz, and BOTH
(815 Hz/82 kHz) simultaneously
Indicators
AC load resistance measurement, low
battery indicator, low battery warning
modulated on output signal every 20
seconds
Load matching
Automatic from 5 Ω to 2000 Ω
Output power
815 Hz and 8 kHz
Normal 0.2 W
High 1.0 W
82 kHz
Normal 0.12 W +.06 W
High 1.33 W +0.67 W
Battery
Battery type
Disposable (Used on L1070)
8 x 1.5 V D size alkaline
Rechargeable (Used on L1071)
12 V, 7 A hour maintenance free, sealed
lead acid.
Battery life
Disposable
Continuous: 8 to 15 hours depending on
load, frequency and power setting.
Intermittent: 40 to 60 hours depending on
load, frequency and power setting. 25%
duty cycle average.
Battery life
Rechargeable
Continuous: 10 to 20 hours depending on
load, frequency and power setting
Intermittent: 50 to 70 hours depending on
load, frequency and power setting. 25%
duty cycle average.
Resonating inductor
n Multiple frequencies
n Transmit/receive frequency (815 Hz, 8 kHz, 82 kHz)
n SONDE support
n Peak and nulll detection
n Passive 60 Hz
n Measures current flow in buried conductors
Environmental
Operating temperature
-20 ºC to +55 ºC (-4 °F to +133 °F)
Mechanical data
Description
Unparalleled in capability, the L1070 and L1071 portable
Dimensions (H x W x L)
15.2 x 12.7 x 40.6 cm (6.5 x 6.32 x 16 in.)
locators locate buried cable and pipe in various situations.
Weight
3.5 kg (8 lbs) with alkaline D cells
5.2 kg (11.5 lb) with rechargeable
batteries
Capable of locating long or short ranges, inductive or
conductive, active or passive, the units deliver quick and
accurate results with a user-friendly interface.
Receiver
Operating frequency
815 Hz, 8 kHz, 82 kHz, 50/60~(PASSIVE)
Antenna mode
Null responding vertical coil
Peak responding horizontal coil
Audio indication
Variable pitch response on all frequences
Current measurement
Display indicated relative current simultaneously between any two selected
cables for target cable verification in a multi-conductor environment.
Product
Battery
Battery type
6 x 1.5 V C size alkaline
Battery life
Continuous: 40 hours
Intermittent: 82 hours
Auto power shutoff after 10 minutes of
nonuse.
Environmental
Operating and storage
temperature
-20 ºC to +55 ºC (-4 °F to +133 °F)
Mechanical data
Order Code
L1070 portable locator
651070
L1071 portable locator
651071
Included accessories
L1070: Receiver, rechargeable transmitter, red/
black cord, batteries, ground rod, instruction
manual and soft carrying case
L1071: Receiver, rechargeable transmitter, red/
black cord, batteries, ground rod, AC charger,
instruction manual and soft carrying case
Optional accessories
Dimensions (H x W x L)
23.8 x 9.3 x 76.9 cm (9.4 x 3.75 x 30.3 in.)
Weight
1.36 kg (3 lb)
Www.megger.com
Ordering Information
Folding ground return probe (grounded fault
locator)
651075
Flexible coupler (inductive coupler)
651076
DC charger (automotive) used with 651071
651078
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MPP1000
Pinpointer
Applications
The MPP1000 pinpoints faults while the cable is being
surged by a surge generator, or “thumper.” An arc/
flashover occurs when the high energy surge delivered from
the surge generator breaks the cable fault down and a loud
acoustic emission is created. Because acoustic emission
from an arcing fault/flashover occurs at a single point
along the cable path, information such as distance and
direction to the fault becomes critical for efficient pinpointing. Without this information, the acoustic emission
can mislead when pinpointing the fault.
If the cable fault is in a duct or conduit, the loudest
acoustic emission will be detected either at the conduit
end or the conduit’s actual breaking location. When
pinpointing over paving, the loudest sound may be at a
crack or seam. In these situations, the MPP1000 becomes
especially useful.
MPP1000
n
Universal, upgradeable, flexible pinpoint fault location system
n
Electromagnetic, acoustic and time delay fault location methods
n
Distance and direction to fault via single or dual detection configuration
The MPP1000 stand-alone unit
measures electromagnetic surge and
supplies the amplitude of that surge
which aids in finding the fault.
Description
Specifically designed for service, industrial and power utility
companies, the MPP1000 pinpoints faults in cable networks
using acoustic, electromagnetic and time of flight methods.
The MPP1000 comes in three optional configurations: receiver
only, single or dual probe/detector. The single probe/detector
version is easily upgraded at any time by purchasing a second
probe/detector. The MPP1000 stand-alone unit measures
electromagnetic surge and supplies the amplitude of that
surge which aids in finding the fault.
Single probe/detector measures
electromagnetic surge and acoustic
emission, providing distance to
the fault.
Overall, the versions can successfully detect both the
electromagnetic and acoustic pulses emitted from an arcing
fault/flashover, caused by the fault breaking down during an
impulse from a surge generator. The MPP1000 can be used
with any manufacturer’s surge generator.
Dual probe/detector measures electromagnetic surge and acoustic emission
at each detector, providing distance
and direction to the fault.
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MPP1000
Pinpointer
SPECIFICATIONS
Operating modes
MPP1000 stand alone unit single probe/
detector version or dual probe/detector
version
Ranges
0 to 99.9 ms
Resolution
0.1 ms
Inputs
2 (left/right) for acoustic pickups
Outputs
1 jack for headphones, 300 Ω per side
Volume
Headphone volume adjustable
Acoustic level
Manual
Electromagnetic gain
Automatic
Acoustic bands
125 to 1000 Hz
Acoustic pickup
1.83 m (6 ft) cord
Display
LCD with switchable backlight
Power
8 standard AA cell batteries
Automatic shutdown after 1 hour
Battery life
±65 hours continuous usage, alkaline; ±85
hours continuous usage, lithium (equates
to several weeks/months of normal usage
Environmental
Operating temperature
-20 ºC to +50 ºC (-4 °F to +122 °F)
Storage temperature
-40 ºC to +70 ºC (-40 °F to +158 ºF)
Humidity
95% RH non-condensing
Ingress protection
IP54
Mechanical data
Dimensions
203 mm L x 165 mm W x 83 mm H
(8 in. L x 6.5 in. W x 3.25 in. H)
Weight
.98 kg (2.15 lb)
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Pinpointer/Receiver, stand-alone unit
Pinpointer/Receiver, single probe detector version
Includes: (1) MPP1000, (1) carry strap,
(1) headphone, (1) geo-phone/ground microphone,
(1) carry case, (1) instruction manual, (8) AA
batteries
Pinpointer/Receiver, single probe detector version
Includes: (1) MPP1000, (1) carry strap,
(1) headphone, (2) geo-phone/ground microphone,
(1) carry case, (1) instruction manual, (8) AA
batteries
Www.megger.com
Order Code
MPP1000
MPP1001
Product
Included accessories
Geo-phone/ground microphone (with cable, rod/
carry handle, knob and spike)
36161
Headphone
36162
Carry strap
MPP100
Order Code
6220-780
Carry case
36120
AA battery (8 required)
23415
Instruction manual
AVTMMPP
MPP1000 receiver upgrade to dual/probe/detector
36177-1
Upgrade from single probe to dual/probe/detector
36161
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656902
Split-box pipe and cable locator
SPECIFICATIONS
Output frequency
126 kHz
Battery type
4 each ‘C’ size alkaline for transmitter and
receiver
Battery life
50 hours
Audio output
Built-in speaker and headphone jack
Sensitivity
Manual signal adjust
Environmental
Operating temperature
-20 ºC to +70 ºC (-5 °F to +158 °F)
Mechanical data
Dimensions (H x W x L)
for Receiver and
Transmitter
165 x 60 x 215 mm
(6.5 x 2.375 x 8.5 in.)
Weight for Receiver and
Transmitter
1.1 kg (2.5 lb)
Split-box pipe and cable locator
n Energised or de-energised lines tracing
n Conductive or inductive coupling
n Peak and null detection capabilities
n Hand-held and lightweight
n Solid construction in a tough, plastic housing
Description
The split-box pipe and cable locator is a hand-held instrument
in the classic ‘split-box’ design, consisting of a transmitter and
a receiver. The instrument traces under-ground conductive
networks such as water and gas mains, telephone, cable TV
and electric power cables. It determines buried lines depth
and oclates underground metallic masses such as valve caps
and manhole covers.
Designed with patented super-inductive technology, the splitbox pipe and cable locator is lightweight, portable and easy
to use. For easy transport, the instrument and accessories are
supplied with a protective tote bag.
Ordering Information
Product
Order Code
Spilt-box pipe and cable locator
Applications
Included accessories
To locate and trace an underground metallic line, the line
Protective tote bag
is energised with a radio frequency signal generated by the
Direct connection cable, 3 ft
transmitter and then detected by the receiver. Inductive or
Ground rod
conductive modes of operation are available.
Instruction manual
656902
Batteries (4 ea.)
Optional accessories
The inductive operational mode does not require direct
mechanical line connection.
The conductive mode of operation requires the line to be
exposed so that a direct connection can be made.
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Induction lamp
656626
Mini headset
656902-4
Large carrying case (holds induction clamp and
large direct connection cable)
656902-5
Direct connection cable, 6 ft
656902-6
Receiver carrying strap
656902-7
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Watthour
Test
With the testing requirements of today’s advanced systems, it is essential to take advantage
of the new technological features of the watthour meter test equipment. No matter what
size your operation, you will find that Megger provides testing equipment for all of your
watthour meter testing needs. Our testing equipment ranges from portable meter testers to
advanced test systems incorporating digital signal processing-based technology.
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Selection guide.......................................................................................... 282
Technical information................................................................................. 283
E-Z Test™ 99800 meter test jacks.............................................................. 285
PA2505K................................................................................................... 286
Phazer™.................................................................................................... 287
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SELECTION GUIDE
E-Z Test™
99800
Single phase
n
Polyphase
n
Three phase
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PA2505K
Phazer
n
n
n
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Watthour meter test equipment
The kilowatthour meter
coil fluxes acted upon each other. The net result would be zero
motion.
An electrical utility has the responsibility to provide electrical service
to a defined geographic area. In return, utilities expect to be fairly
reimbursed for this service. To do this on an equitable basis, they
utilize the electric meter, a device that measures customer usage in
kilowatt hours. Therefore, the kilowatthour meter is considered to
Current coils
A current coil must produce a flux field whose strength is
proportional to amperes drawn by the customer’s load. The wire
used is large because in self-contained meters, the current coil itself
be the “cash register” for the utility. The kilowatthour meter must
accurately measure voltage, current and power factor continuously
over a period of time to arrive at kilowatthours.
will be carrying all of the customer’s loads of up to 200 or even
320 amperes (as in the newest extended-range meters) without
overheating. The current coil is in series with the customer load just
Kilowatthours = Watts x Hours / 1000
as an ammeter would be in taking ampere readings.
The kilowatthour meter must register one kilowatthour whether
Because only a few turns of large wire are in a current coil, and very
the customer uses a 1000-watt electric heater for one hour or uses
little inductive reactance is present, the current in the coil is in phase
a 100-watt light bulb for ten hours. We will describe here now the
with the load current and line voltage. The current coils are wound
various components of a kilowatthour meter and the way they work
around, but insulated from, the lower portion of the laminated
to measure customer consumption so accurately.
frame, and its flux field produces eddy currents within the disk.
Unlike the potential coil, however, they can neither be seen nor felt.
Potential coil
Retarding magnet
To measure voltage or potential, a coil is used which is made up
of many turns of fine wire. This coil is inductive by nature and this,
Retarding magnets are permanent magnets arranged one on top
together with its physical placement within the meter, produces a
and one on the bottom of the air gap so that the disk has to move
lag or delay of approximately 90° between the potential coil flux
between them. The flux from the magnets acts upon the moving
and the line voltage and current coil flux.
disk by inducing a voltage within it. Because the disk is a closed
loop, eddy currents are created. These currents in turn act against
The potential coil is connected in parallel across the load just as a
the magnetic flux of the potential and current coils to create a
voltmeter would be to read volts. Instead of utilizing an indicating
pointer, however, the potential coil measures voltage by producing
negative torque, or braking action, to movement of the disk.
a magnetic field proportional to the applied voltage. That is, the
The faster the disk spins, the more intense the braking action
higher the voltage, the stronger the field.
or negative torque tends to be. This phenomenon can be
demonstrated by turning the disk in a meter having no potential
This field acts upon the meter disk, which is a closed loop, by
inducing an emf (electromotive force) within it, which in turn causes
current to flow within the disk. Because these currents flow in a
nor current flowing. Using your finger, turn the disk in a
counterclockwise direction very slowly. You will feel very little
resistance to your motion. Now try to spin the disk rapidly, and you
circular path, they are called eddy currents.
will feel the increase in resistance.
While invisible to the eye, eddy currents are evident as a slight
vibration of the disk whose effect can be felt by lightly touching the
disk while the potential coil is energized and no current is flowing
What happens to the meter in actual operation is that as load
increases, the disk speeds up. If no retarding magnet were present,
the disk would accelerate to a point restricted only by line voltage
through the meter.
frequency and friction.
As the sine wave of the voltage in the potential coil rises from zero
to plus, back to zero, then to minus, and finally back to zero again,
first a north and then a south pole is created by the potential coil
With the magnet present, the meter does accelerate, but only to
a point where its increase in speed is balanced by the additional
negative torque created by the retarding magnet. Thus the speed
flux. These poles are delayed, however, by the 90° lag, or onequarter of a cycle, inherent in the potential coil. As similar north and
south poles are created by the current coil flux, the poles of the two
of the disk is at a velocity that represents a measured load, or
watthours.
interact either to attract or repel each other so that the meter disk is
always driven in a counterclockwise direction.
Without the 90° or quarter-cycle displacement, potential coil
and current coil fluxes would arrive at north and south poles
simultaneously. Because like poles repel, the disk would first try to
go counterclockwise, then clockwise as the current and potential
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E-Z Test™ 99800
Meter test jacks
E-Z Test 99800 Series
TM
n
n
n
Industry standard
Unique, simplified connection system
Tough, glass-impregnated polycarbonate
Description
The 99800 Series E-Z TestTM Meter Test Jacks are designed to
increase safety and to simplify testing of socket-type watthour
meters. They feature dead-front construction and a unique,
simplified connection system. Four types are available for field
testing of virtually all commonly used socket-type meters.
Molded from a tough, glass-impregnated polycarbonate,
E-Z Test Meter Test Jacks will withstand the rigors of daily
field use. Time-proven, lever-actuate cams are used to firmly
connect the meter blades to the test jack. A husky bypass bus
is incorporated to handle customer loads, even at extended
range meter installations that use the new 320-ampere,
self-contained meters.
Specifications and ORDERING INFORMATION
Weight: 2.18 kg (4 lb, 13 oz) Dimensions: 206 H x 172 W x 143 D mm (8.125 H x 6.75 W x 5.625 D in.)
FOR TESTING THESE METERS
Form No.
Single-phase, two-wire self-contained
1S
99805A
Cat. No.
Single-phase, three-wire self-contained
2S
99805A
Transformer-rated, two-wire
3S
99805A
Transformer-rated, three-wire
4S
99805A
Combination two- and three-wire network
19S, 20S, 21S
99805A
Two-stator, three-wire network
12S, 25S
99805A
Single-stator, three-wire network
23S
99805A
Single-stator network
22S
99805A
Weight: 2.24 kg (4 lb, 15 oz) Dimensions: 206 H x 172 W x 143 D mm (8.125 H x 6.75 W x 5.625 D in.)
FOR TESTING THESE SEVEN-TERMINAL, SELF-CONTAINED METERS
Form No.
600 V Max.
Cat. No.
Weight: 2.32 kg (5 lb, 2 oz) Dimensions: 206 H x 172 W x 143 D mm (8.125 H x 6.75 W x 5.625 D in.)
Two-stator, three-phase, four-wire wye
14S
99806A
Two-stator, three-phase, four-wire delta
15S
99806A
Three-stator, three-phase, four-wire wye
16S
99806A
Three-stator, three-phase, four-wire delta
17S
FOR TESTING THESE 13-TERMINAL, TRANSFORMER-RATED METERS
Form No.
99806A
600 V Max.
Cat. No.
Weight: 2.32 kg (5 lb, 2 oz) Dimensions: 206 H x 172 W x 143 D mm (8.125 H x 6.75 W x 5.625 D in.)
Two-stator, three-phase, four-wire wye
6S
99807A
Two-stator, three-phase, four-wire delta
8S
99807A
Three-stator, three-phase, four-wire wye
9S, 10S
99807A
Three-stator, three-phase, four-wire delta
11S
99807A
600 V Max.
Cat. No.
FOR TESTING THESE EIGHT-TERMINAL METERS
Form No.
Two-stator, three-phase, three-wire transformer-rated
5S
99808A
Two-stator, three-phase, three-wire self-contained
13S
99808A
Two-stator, two-phase, three- or four-wire transformer-rated
5S
99808A
Two-stator, two-phase, three- or four-wire self-contained
13S
99808A
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PA2505K
Phantom load
SPECIFICATIONS
Input
69/120/240/277/480 V, 1φ, 50/
60 Hz OR
73/127/220/380/415 V, 1φ, 50/
60 Hz fused input circuit
Primary Voltages
(specify one group)
Output
Current Ranges
(switch-selected)
PA2505K
n
n
n
n
n
Full-scale range simultaneously selected by
current-range selector switch
Full Load
0 to 2.5/5/15/50 A at 50% OR
100% pf
Light Load
0 to 0.25/0.5/1.5/5 A at 100% pf
Current Control
A variable autotransformer
provides continuous control of the
output load current from zero to
the maximum of each range.
Ammeter Circuit
A 89-mm (3.5-in.) ammeter with
knife-edge pointer and ±5%
full-scale accuracy indicates output
load current.
Output Current Connections
Five output terminals are provided
to eliminate the need to change
lead connections between the
phantom load and the reference
watthour standard. Four of the
output terminals (50, 15, 5 and
1.5 A) are permanently connected
to the corresponding input
terminals of the reference
standard, and the meter under test
is then connected in series with
the remaining + terminal of the
phantom load and the + terminal
of the reference standard.
Power Factor
Power factor is maintained
above 97% at 100% setting and
between 43% and 57% at 50%
setting.
Leads
Extra-flexible current and potential
test leads and convenient terminals
are provided. Leads supplied
include those for connecting a
reference standard.
Dimensions
519 W x 206 D x 295 H mm
(20.4 W x 8.1 D x 11.6 H in.)
Weight
13.3 kg (29.2 lb)
Eliminate need to change leads
Selectable 50% or 100% power factor
Test single or polyphase watthour meters
New compact, heavy-duty metal carrying case
Description
The rugged PA2505K phantom load operates from a singlephase source and is designed for field-testing single-phase and
polyphase watthour meters at 50 and 100% power factor.
This unit utilizes a heavy-duty selector switch in conjunction
with a variable autotransformer to provide continuous
adjustment of the load current — a valuable feature that
permits close control of the output for different load circuit
impedances or in the event of variations in the source voltage.
The unit is rated for continuous duty with forced-air cooling
provided by a built-in fan. Primary and secondary test leads
are furnished as standard equipment.
PA2505K is provided in a compact, heavy-duty metal, twocompartment carrying case. The case features a soft grip
handle and ample space for reference standard and test leads.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Product
Order Code
Product
Phantom Load with carrying case
PA-2505K-69
Fuses
Phantom Load with carrying case
PA-2505K-73
0.75 A, 600 V, KTK [2]
Included accessories
3 A, 250 V, MDA [5]
Accessory leads
Instruction manual [1]
Order Code
2837
951
5516
Current, 3 m (10 ft), black [1]
FL508
Optional accessories
Current, 3 m (10 ft), red [1]
FL509
Current, 0.6 m (2 ft) [2]
FL510
MA-10-01 etc, reference standards.
See Megger MA-10 datasheet.
Voltage, 0.6 m (2 ft) [2]
FL511
Remote reset switch 1.8 m (6 ft) [1]
RM-1S
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PHAZER
®
Watthour meter test & calibration system
SPECIFICATIONS
Input
120 V or 240 V ±10%, 50 or
60 Hz, 750 VA
Output
The solid-state voltage and current
amplifiers are regulated to their
programmed values. The operator
will be warned if the amplifier
output distorts excessively.
Voltage Amplifier Regulation
±1% @ 10 to 100% of range
Current Amplifier Regulation
±1% or ±5 mA whichever is
greater @ 10 to 100% of range
Current and Voltage Distortion
±0.5% THD
Measurement Type
System Accuracy (20-25 °C)
Watt-hour, VA-hour @ 1.0 pf
±0.05% (±0.02% typical)
Watt-hour, VA @ 0.5 pf
±0.10% (±0.03% typical)
Q-hour @ 1.0 pf
±0.10% (±0.03% typical)
Q-hour @ 0.5 pf
±0.05% (±0.02% typical)
VAR @ 0.0 pf
±0.05% (±0.02% typical)
VAR-hour @ 0.866 pf
±0.10% (±0.03% typical)
Programmable Current
Three isolated, independent
floating currents, 0 to 120 A or 0
to 20 A, depending on the model
selected, each programmable with
a resolution of 0.01 A
Programmable Voltage
Three independent, wye-connected
potentials, 0 to 600 Vac,
each programmable with a
resolution of 0.1 V
Programmable Phase
Each of the three current and
voltage channels is programmable
for 0 to 360°, with a resolution of
0.1°. Phase accuracy at the meter
will be within ±1° or ±1.5° at
currents below 0.2 A
Optics
Adjustable sensitivity, modulated
visible light output, with a
10-segment bar-graph display
of reflected intensity. Capable
of reflect mode, LCD, LED and
infrared detection.
PHAZER
n
Now tests watthour meters with installed Turtle® made
by Hunt Technologies®. No need to take the Turtle®
out of operation
n
For testing socket-mounted meters as well as
panel-mounted and bottom-connected meters
n
n
n
True three-phase and single-phase testing capabilities
n
State-of-the-art optical sensing system
Fully automatic operation
32-bit operating software use with Windows® 95, 98, 2000, ME, NT 4.0 and XP
Description
The Phazer family of watthour meter test sets are true threephase, fully automatic systems capable of testing virtually all
Accuracy
Error increases with temperature
20 ppm/C°
types of ANSI socket- mounted and bottom-connected single-
Pulse Inputs
Pulse initiator inputs accommodate
meters with up to eight separate
KYZ outputs.
The Phazer family consists of specific models for testing
Reference Standard
A state-of-the-art, three-phase
sampling energy standard that
incorporates 16-bit A/D converters
to achieve very high accuracy
is used. Meets ANSI C12.1
performance requirements.
Protective Circuits
Each system monitors itself for
over-temperature, overcurrent and
harmonic distortion. Open current
or shorted voltage coils result in
amplifier shutdown and warning
to the operator.
and three-phase (three and four wire) electricity meters.
socket-mounted meters and specific models for testing panelmounted and bottom-connected meters.
the PHAZER Watthour Meter Test Set easily tests any meter
with an installed Turtle® made by Hunt Technologies®.
Therefore, there is no need to take the Turtle® out of
operation.
PHAZER models for testing panel-mounted and bottomconnected meters (T20 & T120), feature current and voltage
output binding posts for connections to the panel-mounted
meter without disturbing the meter installation.
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PHAZER
®
Watthour meter test & calibration system
Specifications continued
Dimensions and Weight
PHAZER models for testing socket-mounted meters:
The controller may be ordered
from Megger with a choice of
three difference configurations:
• Standard Controller
• Deluxe Controller
• Notebook Controller
Computer/Controller
External Connections
PHAZER J120
Dimensions
508 H x 560 W x 445 D mm
(20 H x 22 W x 17.5 D in.)
Weight
61.4 kg (135.2 lbs)
PHAZER models for testing panel-mounted and
bottom-connected meters:
Minimum specification of
the supplied computer are:
600 Mhz Pentium, 32 megabytes
of RAM, 810-megabyte hard
disk, SVGA monitor, 800 to 1600
dpi resolution, and Microsoft
Windows® 95, 98, 2000, ME, NT
or XP.
Note: Controller specifications
are based on current available
hardware.
PHAZER T120 and T20
Dimensions
475 H x 540 W x 349 D mm
(18.7 H x 21.3 W x 13.7 D in. )
Weight
51 kg (112.2 lb)
Optional ADAPTERS
A 9-pin female serial interface
located on the back panel for
connection to the computer.
A BNC jack on the front panel
for pulse input from an external
reference standard. This is used
during calibration or reference
tests.
Three banana jack receptacles
and a 25-pin connector for use
with KYZ pulse initiator signals are
included on the front panel.
A 9-pin serial interface located on
the back panel for connection of a
bar code reader.
Universal A-base Adapter
Megger’s Universal A-base adapter
permits the PHAZER systems
constructed with Megger’s
automated jaw assembly to test
virtually all A-base watthour
meters. This allows the system
additional flexibility when there is
the need to test both S-base and
A-base watthour meters.
Regulatory
CE marked. Including but not
limited to: IEC 61326-1,
EN 50081-1, EN 50082-1.
K-base Adapter
Megger offers two types of K-base
adapters, single and three-phase
models. The K-base adapter allows
PHAZER systems constructed with
Megger’s automated jaw assembly
to test K-base style watthour
meters. This allows the system
additional flexibility when there is
the need to test both S-base and
K-base watthour meters.
Environment
Operating
0 °C to 45 °C (32 °F to 112 °F),
5 °F to 90% non-condensing RH
Storage
-20 °C to +50 °C (-4 °F to +122 °F)
Meter Test Socket
For PHAZER models that test
socket-mounted meters, the
meter test socket is an electrically
operated solenoid with a manual
switch control that opens and
closes the socket. The socket will
remain closed upon power failure.
The meter test socket will test the
following meter forms:
1 through 6
8 through 17
19 through 23
25, 26, 29, 35, 36 and 45
The built-in socket accepts all selfcontained S-Base meters. Optional
adapters are available for A-Base
and K-Base style meters.
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PHAZER
®
Watthour meter test & calibration system
SPECIFICATIONS
Product
ORDERING INFORMATION
Order Code
PHAZER models for testing socket-mounted meters
Product
Order Code
120 V, 60 Hz
PZR-J120-160
PHAZER models for testing panel-mounted
and bottom-connected meters 20 ampere model
120 V, 50 Hz
PZR-J120-150
115 V, 60 Hz
PZR-T20-160
240 V, 50 Hz
PZR-J120-250
240 V, 50 Hz
PZR-T20-250
240 V, 60 Hz
PZR-J120-260
120 ampere model
115 V, 60 Hz
PZR-T120-160
Included accessories
240 V, 50 Hz
PZR-T120-250
RS-232 serial cable, 9-pin
Included accessories
120 V, 60 Hz (Canada)
Calibration input coaxial cable, 1 m
Input line cord
Instruction manual
Fuse 7A 250 V MDL-7 (2) [115 V systems only]
Fuse 5A 250 V MDA-5 (2) [230 V systems only]
PHAZER software
PZRC-J120-160
16350
6593
RS-232 serial cable, 9-pin
16350
6828
ROC interconnect cable, 9-pin
15763
750001
11848
952
544049
Optional accessories
Calibration input coaxial cable, 1 m
6593
Input line cord
Instruction manual
6828
750005
Fuse 7 A 250 V MDL-7 (2) [115 V systems only]
11848
Fuse 5 A 250 V MDA-5 (2) [230 V systems only]
952
Standard controller
16517-X_
PHAZER software 20 ampere model
Deluxe controller
16517-X_
Voltage leads, 3.6 m (12 ft)
50254
Notebook controller
16517-X_
Current leads, 3.6 m (12 ft) 12 ft Black (3)
50691
50692
Bar code scanner
17293-1
544049
Calibration adapter
50631
Current leads, 3.6 m (12 ft) Red (3) 120 ampere
model
A-base adapter, quick connect
50916
Voltage leads, 4/C 1.8 m (6 ft) (1)
50252
K-base adapter, single-phase
16412
Current leads, 0.6 m (2 ft) Black (3)
50256
K-base adapter, 3-phase
16411
Current leads, 0.6 m (2 ft) Red (3)
50257
7S adapter
17000
Optional accessories
24S adapter
17001
IEC Meter Test Station c/w 30 in. current leads
50362
Transport case for Model J120
51527
Transport case for Models T120 or T20
Bar code scanner
50989
17293-1
Standard controller
16517-X_
Deluxe controller
16517-X_
Notebook controller
16517-X_
Important Notes
A computer is NOT INCLUDED when ordering any PHAZER model.
The computer must be ordered separately.
To print test results Microsoft Access is required.
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Other Megger products
that you might find useful
For more information on installation test products, ask for your Industrial test
and Contracting Catalogue or go to www.megger.com
MIT400 series testers offer CAT IV 600 V safety in a convenient and
easy to hold format. They are true diagnostic instruments measuring
insulation resistance up to 200 GΩ. They measure insulation
deterioration long before some testers even offer reading.
MIT400 Industrial insulation tester
AVO410 digital multimeter has been designed for the contracting
electrician and has the additional features that also make the
instrument suitable for wide range of applications and users.
The instrument offers AC and DC voltage and current
measurements as well as resistance, frequency and capacitance
ranges. True RMS readings on the AC functions are standard
on the AVO410 and the instrument features a CATIV 600 V safety
rating meaning the instrument is suitable for industrial applications.
AVO410 digital multimeter
Tough and reliable certification. SCT structured cabling certification
testers have been designed from the outset to offer long reliable
service under the toughest of site conditions.
They combine rugged construction with a novel connector adaptor
system that eliminates downtime due to connector damage.
Structured cabling tester
Portable appliance testing has just got easier with the introduction
of the new PAT300 and PAT400 series of testers which perform
numerous electrical portable appliance and safety tests including;
ground/earth continuity, leakage current, circuit test, fuse check, earth
bond and insulation.
Portable appliance testers
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What CAT ratings mean
Why is the CAT rating important?
The CAT (Category) rating of a test instrument defines where in
the electrical supply chain the instrument can be safely used. This is
usually printed on the instrument across the test connections and
appears as CAT II, CAT III or CAT IV. CAT I is generally no longer
used, as it has no practical application.
What is a CAT rating?
The CAT rating defines the level of transient (spike or surge) the
instrument has been designed to withstand. These transients vary
in size and duration depending on the source of the transient. The
transient riding on a high-energy supply is more dangerous than a
transient on an isolated cable as it can deliver larger currents when a
fault occurs (a spike on steroids if you like).
A transient may be several kV in amplitude but its duration is
typically very short, maybe only 50 microseconds. On its own the
transient will cause little damage. However, when it occurs on top of
the normal mains sinusoidal supply voltage it can start an arc (short
circuit), which continues until the end of the cycle. In the case of a
CAT IV system the available short circuit current can be in excess of
1000 amps.
This generates hundreds of kilowatts of heat in a small space for a
few milliseconds, creating a big bang, possibly causing burns, fire or
explosion.
Instruments designed with the correct category rating have
sufficient clearance between critical parts to prevent an arc from
creating the initial breakdown when a transient occurs. IEC 61010
defines the design requirements for instruments that declare a
specific category rating and specifies both the electrical and physical
requirements.
Recently some companies, especially electrical distribution
companies, have stipulated all electrical test instrumentation to be
rated CAT IV. This is a result of injuries sustained by engineers using
inappropriately rated instruments on the supply.
Where are CAT IV applications found?
The electrical supply can be broken down into categories from CAT I
to CAT IV as shown below:
The picture shows the transmission lines (overhead or underground)
as Category IV because the energy available from the supply is much
higher near to the transformer. Test equipment suitable for use in
this environment needs to be rated to CAT IV.
By the time the voltage goes through the fuse panel into the
premises, the circuit impedance is higher and transients are damped,
reducing the available energy in the transient. The ability of the
test instrument to withstand this surge is less stringent, hence a
Category III rating.
Most electricians’ testers will be rated to CAT II, and the better ones
rated to CAT III. These instruments are not designed to be used on
the higher energy CAT IV circuits. However in reality this does occur.
Arguably an RCD tester would never need to be CAT IV due to its
location in the supply chain.
Why 600 V?
The 600 V working (or steady state) voltage implies the instrument
can be connected to a 600 V single phase to earth supply without
risk to the instrument or operator.
But isn’t an insulation tester for dead system testing?
Absolutely. The MIT400 can also be used for voltage measurement
and could be used for verification of supply voltage. In this respect
it has multimeter capability as well being a sophisticated insulation
tester.
Who will want CAT IV?
nElectrical Utilities: - As already mentioned, electrical utilities are now specifying CAT IV instruments in an attempt to reduce risk to their operators and consequent liability, where instruments get used both inside and outside the building. This applies to insulation testers as well as live testers, as the capability to measure supply voltage exists on a voltage measurement range, as well as accidental connection to live circuits whilst in other test modes.
n Any engineer: - working outside the premises, either on overhead
or underground supplies, will be working in a CAT IV environment,
and should be working with suitably rated instruments.
Some basic statistics:
Small transients (a few hundred volts) occur on supply systems most
days of the year. Large transients (5 to 10 kV) do not occur very
often. However, they are unpredictable, mostly caused by lightning
strikes on overhead lines. Using a correctly rated instrument the
chances of a dangerous breakdown are approximately one in a
million for every hour connected to the supply.
Using one category less increases the chances of an accident by
a factor of about 30. This means that if 100 engineers are using
instruments with wrong category ratings and they connect to
live systems for one hour every day, 200 days a year, a dangerous
situation is likely to occur once every 18 months!
If you would like more information on MIT400 1 kV insulation
testers, see our Industrial test and Contracting Catalogue.
Cat IV
Cat III
Cat II
Cat I
The further down the supply you progress the lower the protection
a test instrument has to provide. At the socket or lighting outlet the
circuit is rated CAT II and items such as photocopiers, televisions etc.
can be considered as CAT I environments.
Heater
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About Megger
Megger is all about people...people as customers and suppliers...people as distributors...and people as staff.
Established originally in the late 1800s, the company has
been manufacturing test and measurement instruments
designed to perform preventative maintenance and
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T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
1
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
About Megger
How the greatest brands in test and
measurement came together
Today, all our products are sold with a single brand name,
Megger. The advantages to you are that you know the
products and software will work well together and all the
products have a distinctive ‘look and feel’ with their dark and
light grey casings. We don’t waste colour on trying to make
our test instruments pretty - we reserve it for useful functions
such as range selectors and displays. Our design engineers
come from many different nations, and they regularly
exchange ideas and tips with colleagues from other countries.
That means you get the latest innovations, and is one of the
reasons that Megger products are so advanced.
Whether for technical support or research and development,
our systems are geared to keeping things local – localised
engineering, localised marketing, localised decision making.
Our employees are proud of the companies and brands that
go to make our company history and these words are still
trademarks or registered trademarks of the company in many
countries.
AVO
Named as an acronym for Amps, Volts and Ohms, AVO is
best known for its iconic AVOmeter multimeter. AVO merged
with Megger in the 1960s when both firms relocated from
London to the Dover, England manufacturing site. AVO lives
on as our training business, operating from Megger sites
around the world.
Biddle
James Biddle was an importer of Megger insulation testers,
and later started a high voltage test instrument business.
Based in the beautiful National Park of Valley Forge,
Pennsylvania, the high voltage tradition continues as
Megger’s lead site for cable fault location equipment and
transformer test equipment.
Megger
Manufacturing insulation testers is where Megger started,
and the Megger brand name is so well known today that
maintenance professionals often incorrectly use it as a verb
when they refer to doing an insulation test. The Dover,
England site manufactures hand-held test equipment as
well as larger insulation testers, oil test equipment and low
resistance ohmmeters.
Multi-Amp
Based in Dallas, Texas, the former Multi-Amp facility
concentrates on relay test and circuit breaker test equipment
for the world’s power industries. Started in the 1960s, MultiAmp later merged with Biddle and then Megger to form the
nucleus of today’s company.
Pax
Seeing an opportunity to create a transformer test business
based around sweep frequency response analysis, engineers
at Programma left to create a new business which they called
Pax. Megger saw an opportunity to share the Pax innovations
with more customers through Megger’s distribution network.
Megger acquired the company in 2008 and rebranded
its products to Megger. Research and engineering for the
product range continues at Täby, Sweden.
PowerDB
There was a gap for a powerful software package to provide
data management for acceptance and maintenance testing
jobs, which was filled by PowerDB. Located at College
Station, Texas – famous for its engineering school – software
engineers created a database tool specifically for customers
with asset management problems. Since its acquisition by
Megger, it operates as a software division while continuing to
develop and support PowerDB.
Programma
Proudly Swedish, Programma Electric AB was founded in
1976 and quickly became a world renowned supplier of test
equipment and diagnostic methods for protection relays,
high voltage circuit breakers, stationary batteries as well as
portable high current applications. Headquartered in Täby,
Sweden the company was acquired by Megger in 2005. The
business has grown in revenues and staff since that time.
States
For over 65 years, test technicians and engineers have
depended on States terminal blocks and test switches to
provide easy access to wiring on panel boards and
switchboards, eliminate wiring reconnection errors and save
operator time. The States business is co-located at our Dallas
site.
Trademarks
MEGGER, PROGRAMMA, PAX, STATES PRODUCTS, POWER DB and AVO are registered trademarks of Megger Group Limited and /or its subsidiaries. These words
are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners: Bluetooth, Excel, Microsoft, MS, Palm, Palm OS, SMC, Symbian OS, Windows, Windows
Mobile, Word.
All other trademarks acknowledged. For more information on Megger’s trademark policy, please email Legal@Megger.com
Product information
Megger has a policy of continuous product improvement, and you should check with Megger for the latest specification before purchasing.
Www.megger.com
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13
Environmental care and services
Calibration and Repair service
Megger operates fully traceable calibration and repair
factilities ensuring your instrument continues to provide
the high standard of performance and workmanship you
expect from Megger. These facilities are complemented by
a worldwide network of approved repair and calibration
companies, to offer excellent in-service care for your
Megger products.
Teams at the sites regularly review how to reduce waste,
limit the amount of landfill requirement, and recycle
as much as possible. That is not only good for the
environment; in the long term it helps to keep our costs
and prices down.
Megger strictly complies with the
requirement of European Union
Directive 2002/96/EC on waste
electrical and electronic equipment,
also known as the ‘WEEE Directive’.
If you use your product within the
European Union and you have a
Megger product that has reached the
end of its life, the scheme we have
setup means that its disposal can be
handled in an environmentally safe
manner using processes that meet the
requirements of the WEEE Directive.
We ask that you obtain a returns
authorization quoting the product
reference (refer to your original invoice
for details).
For information on having your instrument calibrated or
repaired and to obtain a Returns Authorisation number
log in to Megger.com (if you have not registered before,
the process if very easy) and navigate to ‘Service /
support’. Click on the button ‘Click Here To Add New RA
Request’ and add as much detail as you have available.
From here, you can request a warranty repair, nonwarranty repair or calibration certificate.
The form uses contact information from your original
registration to save you the trouble of re-typing. If it is
incorrect, you will need to overtype in this form. Please
also correct the information in the ‘Manage Profile’
section, so that we can contact you in the future.
Giving us information on the fault helps our repairs
technicians diagnose the problem before it reaches us,
which will make it quicker to fix and return to you.
Megger has appointed B2B
Compliance to handle waste electrical
equipment. You can contact them
through their website at www.
b2bcompliance.org.uk/or you can
telephone +44 (0) 1691 676 124
You can track the status of your repair by clicking on the
button ‘Click Here To View Your RA Status’
If you prefer to contact us by phone, we will be happy to
take your call during normal working hours.
What you need to do
1. If the product has memory facilities, remove any data you may need to retain.
Software updates
The latest free upgrades for software and firmware to
support Megger instruments can be downloaded by
clicking on Software Downloads. You can also check here
to see when we last updated the software so that you
don’t download unnecessarily.
Care for the environment
All of Megger’s European
manufacturing facilities are certified
to ISO14001:2004 which is the
requirement for environmental
management systems, confirming its
relevance for organisations wishing
to operate in an environmentally
sustainable manner. Megger operates
a holistic, strategic approach to its
environmental policy.
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294
2. Safely de-energise your test equipment, remove accessories, batteries, etc. and pack it. If you have your original packing, that is ideal, but any adequate packaging will suffice.
3. Contact Megger or B2B Compliance to arrange for return or pickup.
4. Megger will arrange for its safe and responsible disposal. We will pay for the costs of recycling.
For full terms and conditions, email
environmental@megger.com and we will
be happy to explain our processes to you.
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
Training local to you
Training local to you
With 18 sites around the world, you can count on Megger
to provide specialized, practical, hands-on electrical
training presented in class rooms at dedicated facilities
available at most Megger locations, or at your facility.
Training can be delivered in English, German, French,
Swedish, Spanish or Arabic.
Although Megger’s products are designed from the
‘outside-in’ with ease of use in mind, some technicians
may need help either with the product or with more
general electrical theory.
AVO Training Institute is a wholly owned Megger
subsidiary that is the best choice for electrical
maintenance and safety training, electrical engineering
studies, and electrical safety solutions. The Division has a
diverse range of industry experience encompasses energy,
transportation, manufacturing, communications, mining,
oil and gas, and government services. No matter how
challenging a job or how isolated its location, chances
are AVO Training can handle it. That’s because AVO
Training brings a unique combination of knowledge, skill,
experience, and customer commitment to every project.
As one of the oldest electrical training schools AVO
Training has been in the forefront of electrical safety for
more than 45 years. What began as a support division
for parent company Megger in 1963, has grown into a
corporation with a strong vision for improving electrical
safety and reliability around the world.
The AVO team of instructors, safety inspectors and
engineers have over 1,000 combined years of electrical
experience in a wide variety of industries and it has
been ISO 9001 certified to provide technical training
since 1996. As your requirements have changed, we
have changed too. Learn more about each of AVO’s four
unique divisions by going to www.AVOTraining.com
Www.megger.com
295
13
Index
DESCRIPTION
PAGE
DLRO10HD 10 A digital ohmmeter............................................................59
247000 series low resistance ohmmeter.....................................................63
DLRO200 200 A digital micro-ohmmeter...................................................57
5 and 15 kV AC dielectric test set..............................................................29
DLRO600 600 A ohmmeter........................................................................58
5 kV and 15 kV megohmmeters.................................................................27
E
656902 split-box pipe and cable locator...................................................280
Earth resistance........................................................................................164
670025 series capacitance and dissipation factor test sets..........................50
Earth tester..............................................................................................164
70, 120, 160 kV high voltage DC dielectric test sets...................................48
EGIL circuit breaker analyzer....................................................................135
A
Environmental, Spares and Service...........................................................294
About Megger.........................................................................................292
E-Z Test™ 99800 meter test jacks............................................................285
AC and AC/DC high pot tester...................................................................46
F
AC Insulation testers..................................................................................12
FRAX150 sweep frequency response analyzer with built-in PC...................38
Advanced visual relay test software .........................................................203
FRAX99/100 sweep frequency response analyzer.......................................36
Analogue insulation tester.........................................................................26
FREJA300 relay test system......................................................................214
Asset management software....................................................................260
FREJA306 relay test system......................................................................209
Automatic oil circuit recloser test set........................................................158
Frequency domain spectroscope................................................................40
AVTS4.0 advanced visual test software.....................................................203
G
B
GOOSER IEC 61850 test system...............................................................207
B10E AC/DC voltage power supply..........................................................154
Ground resistance test set........................................................................164
Battery capacity tester..............................................................................107
Ground tester..........................................................................................164
Battery database management software..................................................119
H
Battery ground fault locator.....................................................................114
Hand held transformer turns ratio test set................................................250
Battery impedance test equipment...........................................................115
High current tester.....................................................................................22
Battery load unit......................................................................................107
High pot tester...........................................................................................46
Battery test..............................................................................................102
High voltage tester.....................................................................................28
BGFT battery ground fault locator............................................................114
I
BITE2 and BITE2P battery impedance testers.............................................115
IDAX300 insulation diagnostic analyzer......................................................40
BITE3 battery impedance tester................................................................117
IEC61850 test system...............................................................................207
BM5200 insulation tester...........................................................................20
Ingvar primary current injection test system...........................................180
BT51 low resistance ohmmeter..................................................................62
Insulation diagnostic analyzer.....................................................................40
C
Insulation diagnostic system.......................................................................42
CA30 current amplifier............................................................................219
Insulation tester.........................................................................................12
CabaWin circuit breaker analysis software................................................134
Insulation tester with noise rejection..........................................................23
Cable fault location equipment................................................................264
K
Capacitance and dissipation factor test set.................................................50
KC series wind turbine protection test leads...............................................60
Capacity tester.........................................................................................107
KF875 and KF-LAB MkII Karl Fischer moisture in oil set sets......................245
CAT ratings..............................................................................................291
L
CB100 low voltage capacitance and insulation power factor test set..........45
L1050 portable locator.............................................................................276
CFL40A 2000 vehicle mountable cable fault location...............................272
L1070 andL1071 portable locator............................................................277
Circuit breaker analysis software..............................................................134
Low resistance ohmmeter..........................................................................54
Circuit breaker analyzer...........................................................................138
M
Circuit breaker and overcurrent relay test set............................................156
MAGNUS set-up transformer...................................................................259
Circuit breaker test..................................................................................124
MTC1600B automatic current transformer saturation,
ratio and polarity test set.............................................................................255
Contents......................................................................................................4
MTC1605 multi-tap automatic current transformer saturation,
ratio and polarity test set.............................................................................257
CSU600A-AT current supply units............................................................189
D
MDP series distribution profilers.................................................................92
DC Insulation testers..................................................................................30
Megohmmeter...........................................................................................27
DELTA4000 12 kV insulation diagnostic system..........................................42
Meter adaptor recorder..............................................................................94
DET14C and DET24C earth resistance clamp earth tester.........................172
Meter test jack.........................................................................................285
DET2/2 auto earth tester..........................................................................173
MGTR GPS timing reference.....................................................................206
DET3TC ART enabled 3 pole earth tester..................................................169
Micro-ohmmeter........................................................................................57
DET3TD 2 and 3 pole tester.....................................................................168
MIT1020/2 10 kV tester.............................................................................19
DET4TC2 and DET4TCR2 2,3 and 4 pole earth tester (stakeless)...............170
MIT30 30 kV high voltage tester................................................................28
DET4TD2 and DET4TR2 2, 3 and 4 pole earth tester.................................171
MIT510/2 5 kV tester.................................................................................17
Dielectric test set........................................................................................48
MIT520/2 5 kV tester.................................................................................18
Digital low resistance ohmmeter................................................................59
MJ15 and BM15 5kV analogue insulation testers.......................................26
Digital micro-ohmmeter.............................................................................61
Mjölner200 micro-ohmmeter..................................................................66
Dissipation factor.......................................................................................42
Distribution
profiler....................................................................................92
DLRO10 and DLRO10X digital micro-ohmmeter.........................................61
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296
Mjölner600 micro-ohmmeter..................................................................68
Moisture in oil test sets............................................................................245
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
Index
MOM2 micro-ohmmeter............................................................................70
SLM8 8 channel recording volt-ammeter....................................................96
MOM200 A micro-ohmmeter....................................................................74
SMRT36 & STV1 programmable secondary relay test system....................197
MOM600 A micro-ohmmeter....................................................................76
Software - AVTS.......................................................................................203
MOM690 micro-ohmmeter........................................................................78
Software - CabaWin................................................................................134
MPP1000 pinpointer................................................................................278
Software - PowerDB.................................................................................260
MR4 meter adapter recorders....................................................................94
Software - ProActiv battery management.................................................119
MS-2A circuit breaker and overcurrent relay test set.................................156
Static / dynamic resistance measurement.................................................149
MTDR1 single-phase time domain reflectometer......................................274
Substation test equipment.........................................................................10
MTO210 transformer ohmmeter..............................................................247
SVERKER650 relay test set........................................................................225
Multifunction measuring instrument........................................................227
SVERKER750/760 relay test sets...............................................................221
N
Sweep frequency response analyser...........................................................36
New products..............................................................................................8
T
O
Time domain reflectometers.....................................................................274
OCR-8015 and OCR-9150 automatic oil circuit recloser test set...............158
TM1600 circuit breaker analyzer..............................................................138
ODEN A primary current injection test system..........................................186
TM1800 circuit breaker analyzer system...................................................142
ODEN AT primary current injection test system.........................................183
TM200 timer............................................................................................230
Oil circuit recloser test set........................................................................158
TORKEL820 battery load unit...................................................................107
Oil test set...............................................................................................238
TORKEL840/860 battery load units...........................................................110
Oil test set calibration meter....................................................................244
Training local to you.................................................................................295
Other Megger products you may find useful............................................290
Transformer ohmmeter............................................................................247
OTS100AF, OTS80AF and OTS60AF laboratory oil test sets.......................241
Transformer oil test set.............................................................................238
OTS80PB and OTS60PB portable oil test sets............................................238
Transformer test.......................................................................................234
P
Transformer turns ratio test set................................................................252
PA2505K phantom load...........................................................................286
TTR100 single and three-phase handheld transformer turns ratio.............250
PA9 Wireless power quality analyzer..........................................................89
TTR25 handheld transformer turns ratio...................................................249
PA9Plus power quality analyzer..................................................................88
TTR300 three-phase transformer turns ratio test sets................................252
PAM360E phase angle meter...................................................................229
V
PCITS2000/2 two wheeled unit (with a handle)........................................191
Vacuum bottle breakdown tester.............................................................151
PFL22M1500 portable cable fault location...............................................270
Vacuum interrupter tester........................................................................151
PFL40A-1500/2000 portable cable fault location......................................268
VCM100D/VCM80D oil test set calibration meter.....................................244
Phantom load..........................................................................................286
Vehicle mountable cable fault location equipment...................................272
Phase angle meter...................................................................................229
VIDAR vacuum interrupter tester..............................................................151
PHAZER™ watthour meter test and calibration system.............................287
W
Pinpointer................................................................................................278
Watthour meter test and calibration system.............................................287
PMM1 multifunction measuring instrument.............................................227
Watthour test..........................................................................................282
Portable oil test set..................................................................................238
What CAT ratings mean...........................................................................291
Portable power quality analyser..................................................................88
Wind turbine protection test leads for low resistance ohmmeters...............60
Power cable test......................................................................................264
Power factor..............................................................................................42
Power quality.............................................................................................88
PowerDB..................................................................................................260
Primary current injection..........................................................................176
ProActiv battery database management software.....................................119
Programmable secondary relay test system...............................................197
R
Recording volt-ammeter.............................................................................96
Protective relay testers.............................................................................194
Relay test GPS timing reference................................................................206
Relay test set............................................................................................195
Relay test system......................................................................................195
S
S1-1052/2 10 kV high current tester..........................................................22
S1-1054/2 10 kV tester with noise rejection...............................................24
S1-5010 diagnostic tester..........................................................................25
S1-552/2 5 kV high current tester..............................................................21
S1-554/2 5 kV tester with noise rejection...................................................23
SDRM202 static/dynamic resistance measurement...................................149
Secondary relay test system......................................................................197
Service centres.........................................................................................294
Www.megger.com
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13
Index
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298
T: +44 (0) 1304 502100
E: UKENQUIRIES@megger.com
Index
Www.megger.com
299
13
Megger Pty Limited
Unit 1, 11-21 Underwood Road
Homebush
NSW 2140
Australia
T: +61 (0)2 9397 5900
F:+61 (0)2 9397 5911
E: AUenquiries@megger.com
Megger
P.O. Box 15777
Office 81
Building 298
Road 3306
Block 333
Manama
Kingdom of Bahrain
T: +973 177 40 620
F: + 973 177 20 975
E: mesales@megger.com
Megger Limited
110 Milner Avenue Unit 1
Scarborough Ontario M1S 3R2
Canada
T: 1 416 298 6770
F: 1 416 298 0848
E: CAenquiries@megger.com
E: CAinfos@megger.com
Megger SARL
23 rue Eugène Henaff
ZA du Buisson de la Couldre
78190 TRAPPES
France
T: 01 30 16 08 90
F :01 34 61 23 77
E: Infos@megger.com
Megger GmbH
Obere Zeil 2
61440 Oberursel
Deutschland
T: 06171-92987-0
F: 06171-92987-19
E:DEanfrage@megger.com
Megger (India) Pvt Limited
501 Crystal Paradise Mall
Off. Veera Desai Road
Andheri (W)
Mumbai 400053
India
T: +91 22 26740468
F: +91 22 26740465
E: INenquiries@megger.com
Megger
Marius Pitzer, PO Box 10044,
Edenglen, 1613 Johannesburg
South Africa
T: (011) 4526287
F: (011) 6096852
E: SAenquiries@megger.com
Megger Sweden AB
Eldarvägen 4
Box 2970
SE-187 29 TÄBY
Sverige
T: +46 8 510 195 00
F: +46 8 510 195 95
E:SVinfo@megger.co
Megger Schweiz AG
Ob. Haselweg 630
5727 Oberkulm
Aargau
Schweiz
T: +41 62 768 20 30
F: +41 62 768 20 33
E: CHanfrage@megger.com
Megger
4271 Bronze Way,
Dallas, Texas 75237-1019
USA
T: 1-800-723-2861
F: 1-214-331-7399
E: sales@megger.com
PowerDB
4064 State Highway 6 South
College Station, TX 77845
USA
T: 979-690-7925
F: 979-690-0276
E: sales@megger.com
Megger
Valley Forge Corporate Centre
2621 Van Buren Avenue
Norristown, PA 19403
USA
T: 610 676 8500
F: 610-676-8610 (from the US
8610)
E: sales@megger.com
Megger
30 / 46 Moo 13
Nongprue, Banglamung
Chonburi 20150
Thailand
T: +66 860103395
E: THenquiries@megger.com
Megger Limited
Archcliffe Road
Dover CT17 9EN
United Kingdom
T: +44 (0)1304 502101
F: +44 (0)1304 207342
E: uksales@megger.com
Copyright © 2010 Megger Limited Archcliffe Road Dover CT17 9EN
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