Thank you for purchasing PA Quantum Pro Electronic Speed Controller (ESC) High power systems for RC model can be very dangerous and we strongly suggest that you read this manual carefully. Precision Aerobatics have no control over the use, installation, application, or maintenance of these products, thus no liability shall be assumed nor accepted for any damages, losses or costs resulting from the use of this item. Any claims arising from the operating, failure or malfunctioning etc. will be denied. We assume no liability for personal injury, property damage or consequential damages resulting from our product or our workmanship. As far as is legally permitted, the obligation for compensation is limited to the invoice amount of the product in question. Specification: Continuous current Burst Current (<10s) Switching BEC Output (continuous/burst) LiPo NiMh/NiCd Quantum 30 Pro 30A 35A 5.6V/3A (continuous) 3.8A (burst) 2-4 Cells 6-12 Cells Quantum 45 Pro 45A 55A 5.6V/4A (continuous) 6A (burst) 2-5 Cells 6-14 Cells Quantum 70 Pro 70A 85A 5.6V/4A (continuous) 6A (burst) 2-6 Cells 6-18 Cells Note: The PA Quantum Pro line has a powerful switching voltage regulator chip which supports the high torque micro servos in the most demanding load-conditions imposed during aggressive 3D aerobatics, providing bulletproof reliability. In this form of flying the servos actuating oversized control surfaces and may stall momentarily under extreme aerodynamic loads. These loads may cause most low and medium power BECs to overheat and shutdown resulting in catastrophic loss of control. The Quantum Pro ESC’s high power SBEC has been specifically designed for extreme aerobatics and therefore has the capability to support the higher momentary peak loads to eliminate the possibility of unwanted shutdowns. This high power SBEC is also capable of supporting continuous simultaneous multiple servo operations typically found in CCPM equipped hardcore 3D E-helicopters. The higher and stable SBEC voltage also reduces the possibility of receiver brownouts that occasionally occur on some 2.4GHz receivers in instances where conventional linear BECs are subjected to high servo loads causing the BEC voltage to drop below the voltage threshold required by the 2.4GHz receiver. Features: Extremely low internal resistance Super smooth and accurate throttle linearity Safety thermal over-load protection Auto throttle shut down in signal lose situation Supports high RPM motors Power arming protection (prevents the motor from accidentally running when switched ON) NEW advanced programming software Powerful and reliable switching BEC (Battery Eliminator Circuit) New large high efficiency designed heat sink Our ESC allows you to program all functions to fit your specific needs, which makes it very efficient and user friendly: 1. User programmable brake setting (we recommend using brake for only folding props applications) 2. User programmable battery type (LiPo or NiCd/NiMh) 3. User programmable low voltage cutoff setting 4. User programmable factory default setup restore 5. User programmable switching frequency 6. User programmable low voltage cutoff type (power reduction or immediate shutdown) 7. User programmable timing settings (to enhance ESC efficiency and smoothness) 8. User programmable soft acceleration start ups (for delicate gearbox and helicopter applications) 9. User programmable motor rotation (clockwise\counterclockwise) 10.User programmable governor mode (for helicopter applications) PrecisionAerobatics.com Copyrights ©2010 Precision Aerobatics. All rights reserved Wiring Diagram: Settings: 1. 2. Brake: ON/OFF ON- Sets the propeller to the brake position when the throttle stick is at the minimum position (Recommended for folding props). OFF- Sets the propeller to freewheel when the throttle stick is at the minimum position. Battery type: LiPo or NiCad/NiMh NiCad/NiMh - Sets Low Voltage protection threshold for NiCad/NiMh cells. LiPo - Sets Low voltage protection threshold for LiPo cells and automatically detects the number of cells within the pack. Note: Selecting the NiCad/NiMh option for the battery type, triggers the ESC to automatically set the cutoff threshold to the factory default of 65%. The cutoff threshold can then be subsequently altered through the Low Voltage protection function, if required. The ESC will read the initial voltage of the NiCad/NiMh pack once it is plugged in and the voltage read will then be used as a reference for the cutoff voltage threshold. 3. Low Voltage Protection Threshold (Cutoff Threshold): Low / Medium / High 1) For LiPo packs- number of cells are automatically calculated and requires no user input apart from defining the battery type. This ESC provides 3 setting options for the low voltage protection threshold; Low (2.8V)/ Medium (3.0V) / High (3.2V). For example: the voltage cutoff options for an 11.1V/ 3 cell LiPo pack would be 8.4V (Low)/ 9.0V (Med)/ 9.6V (High). 2) For Ni-xx packs- low / medium / high cutoff voltages are 50%/65%/65% of the initial voltage of the battery pack. For example: A fully charged 6 cell NiMh pack’s voltage is 1.44V X 6=8.64V, when “LOW” cutoff voltage is set, the cutoff voltage is: 8.64V X 50%=4.3V and when “Medium” or “High” is set, the cutoff voltage is now 8.64V X 65% = 5.61V. 4. Restore factory setup defaults: Restore- Sets the ESC back to factory default settings; i.e. Brake : Off Battery type : LiPo with Automatic Cell Detect Low voltage cutoff threshold : Medium (3.0V/65%) Frequency : 8kHz Low voltage cutoff type : Reduce power Timing setup : Automatic Soft Acceleration Start Up : Disabled Governor mode : Disabled 5. Switching Frequency: 8kHz/16kHz 8kHz - Sets ESC switching frequency for 2 pole motors, e.g. in-runners. 16kHz- Sets ESC switching frequency for motors with more than 2 poles, e.g. out-runners. Although 16kHz is more efficient with our Thrust motors, the setup default is 8kHz due to the higher RF noises caused at 16kHz. 6. Low Voltage Cutoff Type: Reduce Power / Hard cutoff Reduce Power – ESC reduces motor power when the pre-set Low Voltage Protection Threshold value is PrecisionAerobatics.com Copyrights ©2010 Precision Aerobatics. All rights reserved reached (recommended). Hard Cutoff – ESC instantly cuts motor power when the pre-set Low Voltage Protection Threshold value is reached. 7. Timing setup: Low / Automatic / High. * Low (0 – 7deg) - Setting for most 2 pole motors. * Automatic - ESC automatically determines the optimum motor timing * High (22-30 deg) - Setting for motors with 6 or more poles. In most cases, automatic timing works well for all types of motors. However for high efficiency we recommend the Low timing setting for 2 pole motors (general in-runners) and high timing for 6 poles and above (general outrunners). For higher speed, High timing can be set. Some motors require different timing setups therefore we suggest you to follow the manufacturer recommended setup or use the automatic timing setting if you are unsure. Note: Run your motor on the ground first after making any changes to your motor timing! 8. Soft Acceleration Start ups: Disable / Soft Disable – Provides quick acceleration start ups with a linear throttle response. This is recommended for fixed wing models fitted with direct drive setups. Soft – Provides initial slow 1 sec ramp-up from start to full rpm intended to protect delicate gears from stripping under instant load. This setting is recommended for either fixed wing models equipped with gearboxes and/or helicopters. 9. Motor Rotation: Reverse In most cases motor rotation is usually reversed by swapping two motor cables over. However, in cases where the motor cables have been directly soldered to the ESC cables, motor rotation can be reversed by changing the value of this setting on the ESC. 10. Governor Mode: Disable / Enable Disable- disables the governor mode, (Helicopter application) Enable- enables the governor mode. Note: Once the Governor Mode is enabled, the ESC’s Brake and Low Voltage Cutoff Type settings will automatically be reset to No Brake and Reduce Power respectively regardless of what settings they were previously set. Using Your New ESC Improper polarity or short circuit will damage the ESC and void warranty therefore it is your responsibility to double check all plugs for proper polarity and firm fit BEFORE connecting the battery pack. Alert Tones The PA Quantum ESC is equipped with audible alert tones to indicate abnormal conditions at power up. 1. Continuous beeping tone (****) - Indicates that throttle stick is not in the minimum position. 2. Single beeping tone followed by a one second pause (* * * *) - Indicates that the battery pack voltage is not within the acceptable range. (The ESC automatically checks and verifies the battery voltage once the battery is connected). 3. A single beeping tone followed by a short pause (* * * *) – Indicates that the ESC is unable to detect the normal throttle signal from the receiver. Built-in Intelligent ESC Safety Functions 1. Over-heat protection: When the temperature of ESC exceeds 110 deg C, the ESC will reduce the output power to allow it to cool. 2. Lost Throttle signal protection: The ESC will automatically reduces output power to the motor when it detects a lost of throttle signal for 2 second, a subsequent loss of throttle signal beyond 2 seconds, will cause the ESC automatically to cut power to the motor. Powering up the ESC for the first time and setting the Automatic Throttle Calibration The PA Quantum ESC features Automatic Throttle Calibration to attain the smoothest throttle response and resolution throughout the entire throttle range of your transmitter. This step is done once to allow the ESC to “learn and memorize” PrecisionAerobatics.com Copyrights ©2010 Precision Aerobatics. All rights reserved your Transmitter’s throttle output signals and only repeated if you change your transmitter. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Switch your Transmitter ON and set the throttle stick to its minimum position. Adjust the throttle trim all the way down to the minimum position. Verify the throttle travel adjust (ATV) to be set at 100% span. Disable any throttle mix or curves in the transmitter. (For Futaba radios set the throttle channel to Reverse) Connect the battery pack to the ESC. Adjust your throttle trim up until the motor starts spinning. Then adjust your throttle trim a few clicks down until the motor stops spinning. The throttle is now calibrated and your ESC is ready for operation. Normal ESC start up procedure: 1. Switch your Transmitter ON and set the throttle to its minimum position. 2. Connect the battery pack to the ESC. 3. When the ESC is first powered up, it emits two sets of audible tones in succession indicating the status of its programming state. o The first set of tones denotes the number of cells in the LiPo pack connected to the ESC. (Three beeps (***) indicates a 3 cell LiPo pack while 4 beeps (****) indicates a 4 cell LiPo pack). o The second set denoting Brake status (one beep (*) for Brake “ON” and two beeps (**) for Brake “OFF”). o The ESC then automatically calibrates the throttle range. o The ESC is now ready for use. Note: Should the audible tone be any different than what is stated above, please refer to the Alert Tones and Built-in Intelligent ESC Safety Functions section of this manual. Entering the Programming Mode: 1. Switch your Transmitter ON and set the throttle to its maximum position. 2. Connect the battery pack to the ESC. 3. Wait until you hear two long audible tones followed by two short beeps (_ _ **) confirming that the ESC has now entered the programming mode. 4. If within 5 seconds, the throttle stick is lowered to its minimum position, an audible tone is emitted confirming that the brake setting has changed. If the throttle stick is left in the maximum position beyond 5 seconds, the ESC will begin the sequence from one function and its associated setting options to another. (Please refer to the table below to cross reference the functions with the audible tones). 5. When the desired tone for the function and setting option is reached, move the throttle stick down to its minimum position. ESC will emit two beeps (* *) confirming the new setting has been stored. 6. The ESC only allows the setting of one function at a time. Therefore should you require making changes to other function, disconnect the battery pack and wait 5 seconds to reconnect the battery and repeat the above steps. General Safety Precautions • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Do not install the propeller (fixed wing) or drive pinion (helicopter) on the motor when you test the ESC and motor for the first time to verify the correct settings on your radio. Only install your propeller or pinion after you have confirmed that the settings on your radio is correct. Never use ruptured or punctured battery cells. Never use battery packs that are known to overheat. Never short circuit battery or motor terminals. Always use proper insulation material for cable insulation. Always use proper cable connectors. Do not exceed the number of cells or servos specified by the ESC. Wrong battery polarity will damage the ESC and void the warranty. Do not modify the ESC. Any modification done will void the warranty. Install the ESC in a suitable location with adequate ventilation for cooling. This ESC has a built-in over temperature cutoff protection feature that will immediately cut power to the motor once the ESC temperature exceeds the 230 Deg F/ 110 Deg C high temperature limit. Use only batteries that are supported by the ESC and ensure the correct polarity before connecting. Switch your Transmitter ON and ensure the throttle stick is in the minimum position before connecting the battery pack. Never switch your transmitter OFF while the battery is connected to your ESC. Only connect your battery pack just before flying and do not leave your battery pack connected after PrecisionAerobatics.com Copyrights ©2010 Precision Aerobatics. All rights reserved • • • flying. Handle your model with extreme care once the battery pack is connected and keep away from the propeller at all times. Never stand in-line or directly in front of any rotating parts. Do not immerse the ESC underwater while powered up. Do fly at a designated flying site and abide by the rules and guidelines set by your flying club. PrecisionAerobatics.com Copyrights ©2010 Precision Aerobatics. All rights reserved PrecisionAerobatics.com Copyrights ©2010 Precision Aerobatics. All rights reserved Trouble Shooting Trouble Motor doesn’t work and no audible tone emitted after connecting the battery. Servos are not working either. Motor doesn’t work and no audible tone emitted after connecting the battery BUT servos are working. Motor doesn’t work after powering up the ESC. An alert tone with two beeping tones followed by a short pause (** ** ** ** ) is emitted. Motor doesn’t work after powering up the ESC. An alert tone with a single beeping tone followed by a short pause (* * * *) is emitted. Possible Reason Poor / loose connection between battery pack and ESC. No power Poor soldered connections (dry joints) Wrong battery cable polarity. ESC throttle cable connected to receiver in the reverse polarity. Faulty ESC Poor / loose connection between ESC and motor Burnt motor coils Poor soldered connections (dry joints) The battery pack voltage is not within the acceptable range. The ESC is unable to detect the normal throttle signal from the receiver Motor doesn’t work after powering up the ESC. An alert tone with continuous beeping tones (****) is emitted. Motor doesn’t work after powering up the ESC. ESC emits two long audible tones followed by two short beeps (_ _ **) The throttle stick is not in the minimum position at power up. Motor runs in reverse rotation Wrong cables polarity between the ESC and the motor. Motor stops running in flight. Lost throttle signal Reversed throttle channel caused the ESC to enter the programming mode. Battery Pack voltage has reached the Low Voltage Protection threshold. Possible bad cable connection Motor restarts abnormally Possible RF interference at the flying field. ESC Overheats Inadequate Ventilation Servos drawing too much current and over loading the ESC. Over sized motor or prop Bad conductivity limits current flow Motor stutter at start up, (rough start) PrecisionAerobatics.com Copyrights ©2010 Precision Aerobatics. All rights reserved Action Clean connector terminals or replace connector. Replace with a freshly charged battery pack Re-solder the cable connections Check and verify cable polarity Check the ESC cable connected to the ESC to ensure the connectors are in the correct polarity. Replace ESC Clean connector terminals or replace connectors Replace motor Re-solder the cable connections Replace with a freshly charged battery pack Check battery pack voltage Check and verify that the ESC cable is connected to the Throttle channel on the receiver. Check the transmitter and receiver to verify that there is throttle signal output. (Connect a spare servo to verify throttle channel operation) Move the throttle stick to the minimum position. Enter the servo reverse menu on your transmitter and reverse the throttle channel. Note: For Futaba radios set the throttle channel to Reverse. Swap any two of the three cable connections between the ESC and the Motor or access the Motor Rotation function via the ESC programming mode and change the pre-set parameters. Check proper operation of the radio equipment. Check the placement of the ESC and the Receiver and check the route of the receiver’s aerial and ESC cables to ensure there is adequate separation to prevent RF interference. Install a ferrite ring on the ESC’s throttle cable. Land the model immediately and replace the battery pack. Check and verify the integrity of the cable connections The normal operation of the ESC may be susceptible to surrounding RF interference. Restart the ESC to resume normal operation on the ground to verify recurrence. If the problem persists, test the operation of the ESC at a different flying field. Relocate the ESC to allow better ventilation Use servos that are adequately sized for the ESC. The maximum BEC current drawn should be within the BEC limits. Prop down or resize the motor Rotate the spring portion of the motor’s bullet connectors to get rid of any flux residue. Improper plug soldering. Re-solder battery plug with adequate tin. Low quality battery plugs. Change to Original Deans Ultra plugs.
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