1000 1000i 1800 1800i Owner`s Manual Xantrex Prosine Sine Wave

1000 1000i 1800 1800i Owner`s Manual Xantrex Prosine Sine Wave
1000
1000i
1800
1800i
Owner’s Manual
Xantrex Prosine
Sine Wave Inverter
1000/1800
Table of Contents
Important Safety Instructions .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 1
1. Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3
1.1 Prosine Inverter Key Features .......................................................................................................................................................................... 3
2. Installation ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................
2.1 Requirements for Installation ............................................................................................................................................................................
2.2 Locating the Prosine Inverter ............................................................................................................................................................................
2.3 Mounting the Prosine Inverter ...........................................................................................................................................................................
2.4 Wiring the Prosine Inverter ...............................................................................................................................................................................
2.4.1
2.4.2
2.4.3
2.4.4
4
4
4
4
5
Input and Output Protection .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5
Making AC Wiring Connections ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 6
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCIs) ........................................................................................................................................................................ 7
Making DC Wiring Connections ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 7
3. Prosine Inverter Operation ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 9
3.1 Principles of Operation ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 9
3.2 Output Waveform ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 9
3.3 Control Panel ...................................................................................................................................................................................................10
3.4 Prosine POWERSAVE Mode ...........................................................................................................................................................................10
3.5 Inverter Operating Limits and Protection Features .......................................................................................................................................... 11
4. Testing ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 11
5. Troubleshooting Guide .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 12
5.1 Fault Conditions and Indicators ........................................................................................................................................................................12
6. Warranty ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 13
7. Appendices ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 14
7.1 Battery Type ......................................................................................................................................................................................................14
7.2 Battery Size ......................................................................................................................................................................................................15
8. Performance Graphs ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 16
8.1 Power Derating Curve .......................................................................................................................................................................................16
8.2 Efficiency Curve ...............................................................................................................................................................................................17
9. Specifications ............................................................................................................................................................................................................18
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
English
Trademarks
Xantrex, Prosine, and Smart Choice For Power are trademarks of Schneider Electric Services International sprl, registered
in the U.S. and other countries.
Other trademarks, registered trademarks, and product names are the property of their respective owners and are used
herein for identification purposes only.
Notice of Copyright
Xantrex Prosine Sine Wave Inverter 1000, 1000i/1800, 1800i Owner’s Manual © January 2009, 2005-2008 Xantrex
Technology Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced in any form or disclosed to third parties
without the express written consent of: Xantrex Technology Inc., 161-G South Vasco Road, Livermore, California USA
94551.
Xantrex Technology Inc. reserves the right to revise this document and to periodically make changes to the content hereof
without obligation or organization of such revisions or changes unless required to do so by prior arrangement.
Exclusion for Documentation
UNLESS SPECIFICALLY AGREED TO IN WRITING, XANTREX TECHNOLOGY INC., (“XANTREX TECHNOLOGY”)
(A) MAKES NO WARRANTY AS TO THE ACCURACY, SUFFICIENCY OR SUITABILITY OF ANY TECHNICAL OR OTHER INFORMATION PROVIDED
IN ITS MANUALS OR OTHER DOCUMENTATION.
(B) ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY FOR LOSSES, DAMAGES, COSTS OR EXPENSES, WHETHER SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT,
CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL, WHICH MIGHT ARISE OUT OF THE USE OF SUCH INFORMATION. THE USE OF ANY SUCH
INFORMATION WILL BE ENTIRELY AT THE USER’S RISK; AND
(C) REMINDS YOU THAT IF THIS MANUAL IS IN ANY LANGUAGE OTHER THAN ENGLISH, ALTHOUGH STEPS HAVE BEEN TAKEN TO MAINTAIN
THE ACCURACY OF THE TRANSLATION, THE ACCURACY CANNOT BE GUARANTEED. APPROVED CONTENT IS CONTAINED WITH THE
ENGLISH LANGUAGE VERSION WHICH IS POSTED AT WWW.XANTREX.COM.
Date and Revision
January 2009, Revision B
Part Number
445-0049-01-01
Contact Information
Web: www.xantrex.com
Email: customerservice@xantrex.com
Phone: 1-800-670-0707 (in North America), 1-408-987-6030 (direct)
Fax: 1-800-994-7828 (in North America), 1-604-422-2756 (direct)
SUPERIOR, PACER are registered trademarks of TROJAN BATTERY Company
SEAVOLT, SEAGEL are registered trademarks of WEST MARINE PRODUCTS
VOYAGER is a registered trademark of DELCO-REMY
GENESIS is a registered trademark of GATES ENERGY PRODUCTS (HAWKER ENERGY)
EVOLYTE is a registered trademark of GNB INDUSTRIAL BATTERY CO.
PREVAILER is a registered trademark of SONNENSCHEIN
English
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
Important Safety Instructions
WARNING
Before you install and use your Prosine
Inverter, be sure to read and save these safety
instructions.
General Safety Precautions
1. SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS. This OWNER’S
MANUAL contains important safety and operating
information for the Prosine Inverter.
2. Do not expose the Prosine Inverter to rain, snow,
spray, bilge or dust. To reduce risk of fire hazard,
do not cover or obstruct the ventilation openings.
Do not install the Prosine Inverter in a zeroclearance compartment. Overheating may result.
3. Do not use attachments not recommended or sold
by Xantrex. Doing so may result in a risk of fire,
electric shock, or injury to persons.
4. The Prosine Inverter is designed to be permanently
connected to your DC electrical systems (and for
hardwire versions, permanently connected to your
AC electrical system). To ensure adherence to
proper electrical wiring regulations all wiring must
be done by a certified technician or electrician.
5. To avoid a risk of fire and electric shock, make
sure that existing wiring is in good electrical
condition; and that wire size is not undersized. Do
not operate the Prosine Inverter with damaged or
substandard wiring.
6. Do not operate the Prosine Inverter if it has received
a sharp blow, been dropped, or otherwise damaged
in any way. If the Prosine Inverter has been
damaged, refer to Section 6 of this manual.
8. To reduce risk of electrical shock, disconnect the
DC power (and AC power if applicable on hardwire
versions) from the Prosine Inverter before
attempting any maintenance or cleaning or working
on any equipment and circuits connected to the
Prosine Inverter. Turning off controls will not reduce
this risk.
9. Grounding: The Prosine Inverter must be provided
with an equipment-grounding conductor connected
to the AC input ground terminal. Grounding and
all other wiring must comply with local codes and
ordinances.
10. For marine applications, special installation codes
may apply. For example, in the U.S., the installation
shall comply with the United States Coast Guard
Electrical Regulations (33CFR183, Sub part 1).
Explosive Gas Precautions
1. This equipment contains components which can
produce arcs or sparks. To prevent fire or explosion
do not install in compartments containing batteries
or flammable materials or in locations which require
ignition protected equipment.This includes any
space containing gasoline-powered machinery, fuel
tanks, or joints, fittings, or other connection between
components of the fuel system.
2. Working in the vicinity of a lead-acid battery is
dangerous. Batteries generate explosive gases
during normal battery operation.
3. To reduce the risk of battery explosion, follow these
instructions and those published by the battery
manufacturer and the manufacturer of the
equipment in which the battery is installed.
Precautions When Working With
Batteries
1. Someone should be within range of your voice or
close enough to come to your aid when you work
near a lead-acid battery.
2. Have plenty of fresh water and soap nearby in case
battery acid contacts skin, clothing, or eyes.
3. Wear complete eye protection and clothing
protection. Avoid touching eyes while working near
batteries.
4. Clean battery terminals before making connections.
Wear eye protection to keep corrosion from coming
in contact with eyes.
5. If battery acid contacts skin or clothing, wash
immediately with soap and water. If acid enters eye,
immediately flood eye with running cold water for
at least 20 minutes and get medical attention
immediately.
6. NEVER smoke or allow a spark or flame in vicinity
of battery or engine.
7. Do not drop a metal tool on the battery. The resulting
spark or short-circuit on the battery or other
electrical part may cause an explosion.
8. Remove personal metal items such as rings,
bracelets, necklaces, and watches when working
with a lead-acid battery. A lead-acid battery
produces a short-circuit current high enough to weld
a ring or the like to metal, causing a severe burn.
7. Do not disassemble the Prosine Inverter; refer to
Section 6 of this manual for instructions on
obtaining service for the Prosine Inverter.
Attempting to service the unit yourself may result
in a risk of electrical shock or fire.
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
English
1
2
English
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
1. Introduction
Thank you for your purchase of this Prosine Sine
Wave Inverter. As a high quality, true sine wave output
inverter, you can expect exceptional performance and
years of dependable operation. The true sine wave AC
output from the inverter ensures all AC loads operating
from the unit perform efficiently and correctly. Since
these loads were designed to operate from true sine wave
voltage, you can expect these loads to operate the same
as if operating from grid/utility supplied power. In some
cases, the true sine wave output from the Xantrex inverter
is even superior to the power supplied by your utility
company.
To get the most out of your Prosine Inverter, carefully
read and follow the instructions in this guide. Pay special
attention to the Important Safety Instructions and to the
CAUTION and WARNING statements found
throughout the manual and on the product. Please retain
all packaging.
Should you have any questions before, during, or after
installation, please contact Xantrex.
Phone: 1-800-670-0707, 1-408-987-6030 (direct)
Fax:
1-800-994-7828, 1-604-422-2756 (direct)
Email:
customerservice@xantrex.com
Web:
www.xantrex.com
1.1 Prosine Inverter Key Features
Please record the following information if you need
to contact Xantrex for servicing of the unit.
Serial No.: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Place of purchase: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Date of purchase: ___________________________
The Prosine Inverter utilizes advanced high frequency
switching technology in the power conversion process.
The circuits are similar to those used in power supplies
for computers and other electronic equipment. This
technology offers several benefits:
• Light weight: for easy installation
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
• Totally silent: for quiet operation
• High surge capability: for “hard-to-start” AC loads
See Section 10 (Specifications) for complete product
specifications.
1.1.1 Inverter Function
When connected properly and the power switch is turned
to the (I) position, the inverter draws power from a battery
and delivers a true sine wave AC output voltage. If the
battery voltage is within the operating range of the unit,
the inverter will continue to deliver AC power to the
loads connected. High and low battery shutdowns will
engage if the battery voltage falls out of the specified
range of operation (10–16 VDC on 12 V models, 20–32
VDC on 24 V models).
1.1.2 Control Panel
The Control Panel displays operating information so you
can monitor the status of the Inverter and your batteries.
This panel can be removed and re-attached in different
orientations so the information is directed at you in the
most convenient fashion, for all recommended mounting
WARNING
#) (Bypass) position the front panel
Note that in (#
switch does NOT turn off all voltages inside the
unit. This control only deactivates the AC
conversion circuitry. On AC hardwire/transfer relay versions any utility voltage present on the AC
input terminals will be present on the AC output
terminals.
configurations. With the optional Interface Panel, the
display can be fully removed from the base chassis and
remotely located in the place of your choice (e.g. on the
dash of your vehicle).
1.1.3 Automatic Transfer Switch
When utility AC power fails, the transfer relay is deenergized and the load is automatically transferred to the
inverter output within 20–30 milliseconds. With the
POWERSAVE feature enabled (recommended for
reducing standby power consumption), AC output from
the inverter may be delayed for up to 2½ seconds. Once
AC utility is restored, the relay energizes and the load is
automatically reconnected to AC utility.
Identifying Models With Transfer Switches
1) Check the UPC code on the product box. Units with
transfer switches have UPC codes that end with these five
digits:
Model 1000/1000i
Model 1800/1800i
61084
61884
61074
61874
61052
61852
61008
61808
61002
61802
2) If there is an AC outlet on the front of the unit, it is
not equipped with an internal transfer switch.
3) For Prosine Inverters with hardwire connections, you
can identify whether your unit has an internal transfer
switch by removing the cover on the AC wiring
compartment and checking the label above the terminal
block inside.
If your unit has a label similar to one of these two
labels, it has an internal transfer switch:
Units with this label do not have an internal transfer
switch:
Your Prosine Inverter may be equipped with a transfer
relay if specified prior to purchase. The transfer relay serves
two purposes: 1) allows the AC output of the inverter to
be wired into an existing AC system as a source of power
and 2) allows the Prosine Inverter to automatically
become the source of power should your utility source
fail.
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3
2. Installation
WARNING
Review the Important Safety Instructions found
at the beginning of this manual and read this
entire section, paying particular attention to the
CAUTION and WARNING statements, before
proceeding with the installation.
This section contains instructions for installing the
Xantrex Prosine Inverter. After securing the unit and
making wiring connections, do not turn the unit on.
Proceed to the next section of the manual which provides
operating instructions.
2.1 Requirements for Installation
CAUTION
The Pro sine Inverter is designed to be
permanently connected to your DC electrical
system. When Configured as an AC hardwire
version, the inverter is also designed to be
permanently connected to your AC electrical
system. To ensure adherence to proper electrical
wiring regulations, all wiring must be done by a
certified technician or electrician.
Installation Regulations: Depending on the type of
location in which you are installing the Prosine Inverter,
there are different codes and regulations that the
installation must meet such as your national and local
electrical codes for residential installations. Other examples
of codes and regulations for North American installations
include:
•
US Coast Guard and ABYC requirements for
installations on marine vessels
•
RV Industry Association (RVIA), CSA, and UL
requirements for installations in recreational vehicles.
It is the installer´s responsibility to ensure that all
applicable installation requirements are met.
What You Need to Install the Prosine Inverter
You need the following tools and hardware to properly
install the inverter:
4
English
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
wire stripper
mounting screws/bolts (¼” or 6mm diameter screws)
small flat blade screwdriver (for hardwire versions)
small Phillips screwdriver
wrench for DC terminals (½” or 13mm)
AC wiring for hardwire configured models (see AC
wiring section for details)
DC cables (see DC wiring section for details)
Wire connectors and crimp tool for your DC cables
AC and DC disconnects and over-current protective
devices (see section 2.4.1 for details)
2.2 Locating the Prosine Inverter
The inverter utilizes complex electronic circuits, and
although design precautions have been made for protection
of these circuits, they can be susceptible to damage from
use in extreme environments. The Prosine Inverter should
only be installed in a location that meets the following
requirements:
• Dry: do not allow water or other fluids to drip or splash
on the Prosine Inverter. Do not mount the inverter in an
area subject to splashing or dripping water or bilge.
• Cool: normal ambient air temperature should be between
0°C (32°F) and 25°C (77°F)—the cooler the better within
this range. Refer to the operating temperature information
in section 9 (specifications) for more details.
• Ventilated: allow at least 5 inches (13 cm) of clearance
all around the unit. Ensure the ventilation openings on the
unit are not obstructed. If mounting in a compartment,
ventilate with louvers or cut-outs.
• Close to battery/batteries: Avoid excessive cable
lengths but do not install the Prosine Inverter in the same
compartment as batteries. Use the recommended wire
lengths and sizes (see section 2.4.4). Also do not mount
the inverter where it will be exposed to the gases
produced by the battery. These gases are very corrosive
and prolonged exposure will damage the inverter.
• Protected from battery acid: never allow battery acid
to drip on the Prosine Inverter or its wiring when reading
specific gravity or filling the battery.
2.3 Mounting the Prosine Inverter
Before mounting the Prosine Inverter, test the chosen
location for adequate space around the unit to allow for
connections and ventilation. Mounting hardware should
be corrosion resistant and ¼” or 6mm diameter screws.
Your mounting system should be able to support three
times the weight of the inverter, which weighs
approximately 16 lbs (7.3Kg). The more clearance for
ventilation around the unit, the better the performance.
At a minimum, have 5” of free space on all sides of the
inverter.
To mount the Prosine Inverter
1. Mount the Prosine Inverter on either a horizontal or
vertical surface (such as a bulkhead) using the
mounting holes provided. For secure, permanent
mounting, use all eight mounting holes. To meet
regulatory requirements, the inverter must be
mounted in one of the three orientations shown.
• Safe: do not install the Prosine Inverter in the same
compartment as batteries or in any compartment capable
of storing flammable liquids such as gasoline. Do not
install the inverter in an engine compartment or other
location where ignition protected equipment is required.
• Dust-free: do not install the Prosine Inverter in a dusty
environment where either dust, wood particles or other
filings/shavings are present. These can be pulled into the
unit when the cooling fan is operating.
• Close to AC junction box: avoid the use of extended
wire lengths if possible.
Figure 1. Approved orientations for
inverter mounting
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
2. Remove and re-attach the front panel depending on
the orientation of the base unit itself. For example, if
the unit is mounted on a vertical surface, you may
want to remove the panel and attach it so it is again
readable horizontally. This can be done by removing
the four screws, taking the panel out of the housing,
rotating the panel and reattaching the panel to the
base unit. Be sure to re-install all four screws.
3. The front panel can also be remotely located away
from the base chassis. Simply remove the panel
from the face of the unit, install the interface panel
option (purchased separately) and connect the 30
ft. (9 m) extension cord. The cord can then be run to
the location where the panel is to be mounted, and
attached to the panel. The unit can now be controlled
and monitored from the location of your choice. Do
not remotely mount the display panel without
purchasing the Interface Panel option and properly
installing this panel on the inverter. The Interface
Panel significantly reduces radiated interference
generated along the length of the cable, decreasing
the chance of resulting interference with other
equipment.
2.4 Wiring the Prosine Inverter
WARNING
Fire and shock hazard. Make sure wiring is
disconnected from all electrical sources
before handling. All wiring must be done in
accordance with local and national electrical
wiring regulations by a certified electrician or
technician.
For units equipped with an AC outlet:
If your Prosine Inverter is equipped with an AC outlet
on the front, then you will be mainly interested in the
DC wiring instructions that follow (section 2.4.4). Once
your DC connections and ground wiring connection are
complete, the unit is ready to deliver AC power.
For AC hardwire versions:
If your unit is equipped with an AC hardwire terminal
strip, (with or without transfer relay) then the following
AC wiring instructions are important for you to read
through. When hardwire configured, the inverter
manages all AC power and therefore must be wired in
between any utility connection and distribution panel.
As a starting point for the wiring instructions, here is a
brief summary of the wiring sequence for hardwire
configured inverters. Please thoroughly read the
remainder of the wiring instructions (section 2.4.2)
which details each wiring step and follows the Input
and Output Protection section:
Figure 2. Control panel attachment
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
#/I) control panel switch is in the (#
#)
1. Ensure the (#
position. For those hardwire equipped models with
a transfer relay, connected AC source (INPUT)
power will be passed through the inverter making
the output terminal and connected wiring live. This
is the case even with the control panel switch in
#) position so ensure all power is disconnected
the (#
at its source.
2. Connect AC input wiring, AC output wiring, Chassis
Ground, DC positive cable and finally, DC negative
cable in that order.
3. Connect each circuit to its source.
2.4.1 Input and Output Protection
In order to meet CSA, UL, and electrical code
requirements, the AC and DC inputs and outputs of the
Prosine Inverter must be provided with overcurrent
protection such as a circuit breaker or fuse, and with a
disconnect device, as follows: (note the “AC Input” and
“AC Output” information below only applies to units
equipped with AC hardwire terminal strips, not AC
output receptacle equipped versions).
DC Input: Protection for the DC wiring (an inline fuse
/circuit breaker) is needed as close as possible to the
battery to protect the wiring from your batteries to the
Prosine Inverter. The current rating of this DC fuse or
circuit breaker must be large enough to allow the inverter
to operate your loads, but if the rating is too high,
electrical codes will require you to use larger DC cables
than you would otherwise have to. The fuse or circuit
breaker must be rated and approved for use on minimum
12V or 24V DC circuits as applicable by the model of
your inverter. Fuses or circuit breakers rated only for
AC service are not suitable for use on DC circuits and
may pose a hazard. The wire size used between the
Prosine Inverter and the fuse or circuit breaker must be
sized to match the fuse or circuit breaker´s current rating,
in accordance with the electrical codes or regulations
applicable to your installation (see Table 4).
AC Input: The installation must provide over-current
protection for the AC input circuit. The circuit breaker
or fuse used must be rated and approved for use on
120VAC branch circuits for 120V models and for
230VAC branch circuits for 230V models. The wire
size used between the breaker and the Prosine Inverter
input must be sized to match the circuit breaker, in
accordance with the electrical codes or regulations
applicable to your installation. Refer to Table 1 for
sizing information.
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5
AC Output: The circuit breaker or fuse used must be
rated and approved for use on 120V AC branch circuits
for 120V models and for 230VAC branch circuits for
230V models. The wire size used between the Prosine
Inverter output and the breaker, and between the breaker
and your loads, must be sized to match the circuit
breaker’s rating, in accordance with the electrical codes
or regulations applicable to your installation. Refer to
Table 1 for sizing information.
Note that there is no difference between the
recommendations for the 1000 and 1800 models. This
is because the bypass rating of these products is the
same (i.e. 15A for 1000 and 1800 and 10A for 1000i
and 1800i).
Figure 3 may be a useful reference as it illustrates the
AC wiring connection terminals for Prosine Inverter
models that are AC hardwire configured.
Disconnect devices: Since circuit breakers can be
turned off and fuses can be removed from the circuit,
either type of device will also meet the requirement for
a disconnect device in each of the above circuits. Note
that the required disconnect device is not intended for
disconnection under load, it is only meant to be a way
to isolate the Prosine Inverter from the input and output
power sources.
Required
Breaker Rating
Required
Wire Size
1000 - 12/24 V
1800 - 12/24 V
20 A max.
12 AWG
1000i - 12/24 V
1800i - 12/24 V
10 A max.
1.0 - 2.5mm2
Table 1. Circuit Breakers and Wire Sizing
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3. Run the three conductor AC INPUT (source) wiring
through a cable clamp and into the wiring
compartment, via the knockout on the right side of
the front panel. Connect the AC INPUT ground wire
first to the ground terminal (ground symbol with
circle around it), and then connect the AC INPUT
line and neutral wires to the corresponding Prosine
Inverter AC input terminals. Refer to Table 2 for
typical colour coding and terminal identification.
Figure 3. AC wiring terminals (hardwire versions only)
AC WIR E C OL OR
WARNING
Shock Hazard. Before proceeding further,
ensure that the Prosine Inverter is NOT
connected to any batteries, and that all wiring
is disconnected from any electrical sources.
Do not connect the output terminals of the
inverter to an incoming AC source.
TER MIN AL
120 VAC
230 VAC
(N. Ameri can)
(European)
LINE (L)
Black
Brown
NEUTRAL (N)
Whi te
Blue
GROUND
Green or Green/Yellow or
bare copper bare copper
Table 2. AC Terminal and Wiring
Identification
AC INPUT and AC OUTPUT
MODEL
2. Remove the knockouts from the cover of the wiring
compartment to create holes for your cable clamps
(see Figure 3).
4. In a similar manner, connect the AC OUTPUT
(load) wiring to the Prosine Inverter AC output
terminals (connect the output ground to the ground
terminal identified by the symbol with no circle
around it). Terminal to wiring connections should
be done as shown in Table 2.
2.4.2 Making AC Wiring Connections
Again, this section applies to those models configured
with an AC hardwire terminal strip. As mentioned
previously, your AC wiring must be sized to match the
current rating of the AC breakers you provide on the
input and output AC circuits in accordance with the
electrical codes or regulations applicable to your
installation. Table 1 is based on the U.S. National
Electrical Code (1999), the Canadian Electrical Code
(1998), and European wiring practices (for 230V
models). There may be other codes and regulations
applicable to your installation.
the front of the unit. Remove the AC wiring
compartment cover to gain access to the AC terminal
strip inside.
AC Wiring should be connected in the following order:
1. AC INPUT (source)
2. AC OUTPUT (load)
To make AC wiring connections:
5. After wiring, double check and review all
connections to make sure the wires are in the correct
terminals and the terminals are tight (the
recommended torque is 7.5 in-lbs., 9.8 Nm).
1. The AC wiring compartment is located on the righthand side of the Prosine Inverter when looking at
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
AC Safety Grounding: During the AC wiring
installation, AC input and output ground wires are
connected to the inverter. The AC input ground wire
must connect to the incoming ground from your AC
utility source. The AC output ground wire should go to
the grounding point for your loads (e.g. a distribution
panel ground bus).
Xantrex has tested the following GFCI-protected 15 A
receptacles and found that they functioned properly
when connected to the AC output of the inverter:
Neutral Grounding:
a) 120V models: The neutral conductor of the AC
output circuit of the Prosine Inverter is
automatically connected to the safety ground during
inverter operation. This conforms to National
Electrical Code requirements that separately
derived AC sources (such as inverters and
generators) have their neutral conductors tied to
ground in the same way that the neutral conductor
from the utility is tied to ground at the AC breaker
panel. For models configured with a transfer relay,
when AC utility power is present and the Prosine
Inverter is in bypass mode, this connection (neutral
of the inverter‘s AC output to input safety ground)
is not present so that the utility neutral is only
connected to ground at your breaker panel, as
required.
b) 230V models: There is no connection made inside
the Prosine Inverter from either of the line
conductors (line or neutral) to the safety ground.
Installations in Recreational Vehicles (for North
American approvals) will require GFCI protection of
all branch circuits connected to the AC output of the
hardwire terminal equipped Prosine Inverters. In
addition, electrical codes require GFCI protection of
certain receptacles in residential installations. While
the true sine wave output of the Prosine Inverter is
equivalent to the waveform provided by utilities,
compliance with UL standards requires us to test and
recommend specific GFCIs.
These low input voltage warnings are due to DC voltage
drop across the cables from the inverter to the batteries.
The longer and narrower these cables, the greater the
voltage drop. Table 3 shows voltage drop per foot of
cable, at various power output levels.
Manufacturer
Model
LEVITON
6599/701
LEVITON
6598/722*
EAGLE
Shock Sentry
PASS & SEYMOUR
1591-WCN
HUBBELL
GF252GYA
BRYANT
GFR52FTI
BRYANT
GFR82FTI**
* With Line/Load inversion check & indicator light
** Hospital Grade
2.4.4 Making DC Wiring Connections
Follow this procedure to connect the battery cables to
the DC input terminals on the Prosine Inverter. Your
cables should be as short as possible (ideally, less than
10 ft./3 m) and large enough to handle the required
current, in accordance with the electrical codes or
regulations applicable to your installation. Cables that
are not an adequate gauge (too narrow) or are too long
will cause decreased inverter performance such as poor
V=IxR
Voltage = Current x Resistance
2.4.3 Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters
(GFCIs)
Inverter
Output (W)
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
Current (A)
50
100
150
200
250
300
Wire Resistance Voltage Voltage Voltage Voltage Voltage Voltage
Gauge
(ohms/ft)
Drop
Drop
Drop
Drop
Drop
Drop
(AWG)
@ 25°C
per ft.
per ft.
per ft.
per ft.
per ft.
per ft.
4/0
0.000050
0.0025
0.0050
0.0075
0.0100
0.0125
0.0150
3/0
0.000063
0.0032
0.0063
0.0095
0.0126
0.0158
0.0189
2/0
0.000079
0.0040
0.0079
0.0119
0.0158
0.0198
0.0237
0
0.000100
0.0050
0.0100
0.0150
0.0200
0.0250
0.0300
1
0.000126
0.0063
0.0126
0.0189
0.0252
0.0315
0.0378
2
0.000159
0.0080
0.0159
0.0239
0.0318
0.0398
0.0477
3
0.000201
0.0101
0.0201 0.0302
0.0402
0.0503
0.0603
4
0.000253
0.0127
0.0253
0.0506
0.0633
0.0759
0.0380
surge capability and frequent low input voltage
warnings and shutdowns.
For example, if the 1800 Inverter is 10 ft. from your
battery, is operating at 2000 watts, and is improperly
connected with #4AWG wire, then you can expect a
voltage drop per foot of 0.0506 V. Total cable length is
actually 20 ft., not 10 ft., since the cable length is
measured from the battery to the inverter and back.
Therefore, multiply 0.0506 V by 20 to get a total voltage
drop of 1.012 V. If your battery voltage is only 11.2 VDC,
then the actual voltage at the inverter is 10.188 (11.2
V–1.012 V) because of this significant voltage drop.
The Prosine Inverter will either be in low input voltage
warning or shutdown in such a condition. In high current
draw and surge situations, the unit may go into low
input voltage shutdown if the cables are too small and
too long.
Increasing your DC cable size will help improve the
situation. With cables sized correctly, and using a #0
AWG cable, your voltage drop will be 0.02 VDC
(multiplied by 20, you get a total voltage drop of 0.4 VDC).
This illustrates that at 10 ft. away from the battery and
with large cables, you can expect voltage drop. Again,
try to keep cable length to a minimum and use the
maximum gauge cable possible. Xantrex recommends
the following cables for optimum inverter performance
(apply to both 120 V and 230 V versions).
1000/12: #0 AWG or 55 mm2
1000/24: #6 AWG or 13 mm2
1800/12: #4/0 AWG or 110 mm2
1800/24: #2 AWG or 34 mm2
Also, use only high quality copper wiring and keep cable
length short, a maximum of 3–6 ft.
Table 3. Voltage drop per ft of DC cable
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
English
7
Xantrex, in researching the requirements for inverter
use in different markets, provides the following table
that outlines the minimum DC cable size and maximum
fuse/breaker size allowed by different regulatory bodies
in the U.S. There may be other codes and regulations
applicable to your installation:
Mar in e
In s t allat io n
(1)
RV
In s t allat io n
(2)
R es i d en t i al
In s t allat io n
(3)
Wire
AWG
Fuse
(A)
Wire
AWG
Fuse
(A)
Wire
AWG
Fuse
(A)
1000 12 V
1000i 12 V
#4
175
#4
150
#1
150
1000 24 V
1000i 24 V
#8
90
#8
90
#6
70
1800 12 V
1800i 12 V
#1
300
#1
225
4/0
250
1800 24 V
1800i 24 V
#6
100
#4
150
#2
125
Mo d el
1
except for the required fuse or breaker on the
positive battery terminal. Install the inverter so that
the battery wire length is as short as possible. The
connectors on the Prosine Inverter are designed to
fit up to 250 MCM crimp-on ring terminals (either
AMP or ILSCO) or box connectors (these tighten
on connected cable using a set screw). Note, the
coloured terminal covers (boots) fit much better
with crimp-on ring terminals, and these are
recommended over the box connectors.
Figure 4. Battery Connections
2. Neatly cut the cables to the correct length and strip
enough insulation to properly install the ring
terminals or connectors. Attach the terminals to both
cables using the crimp tool recommended by the
manufacturer of the ring terminals. There must be
no stray wire strands protruding from the terminal.
Connect the terminal on the positive cable to the
positive battery connector (stud) on the inverter and
tighten with a wrench to a torque of 9–10 ft-lbs
(11.7–13 Nm). Test that the cable is secure and is
connected to the correct positive terminal.
Based on ABYC Recommended Practice E-9, 75°C wire
2
Based on NFPA 70, Article 551, 90°C wire
3
Based on NFPA 70, Article 240 and 310, 75°C wire
Table 4. DC wire sizes and inline fuse requirements
CAUTION
Clean battery terminals before making
connections. Wear eye protection to keep
corrosion from coming in contact with eyes.
To make DC wiring connections:
1. Before making any connections, route the positive
and negative battery cables directly to the DC
connection terminals on the Prosine Inverter. Slide
the plastic terminal connector covers (boots) over
the positive and negative cables (the red boot slides
on the positive cable and the black boot slides on
the negative cable). Do not route the cables through
an electrical distribution panel, battery isolator, or
other device that will add additional voltage drops
8
English
3. An inline fuse between the Prosine Inverter and
the battery is required by regulations for all
installations. Again, refer to Table 4 for examples
of correct fuse sizing for some regulations. This
fuse protects your battery and wiring in case of an
accidental short circuit during installation of the
inverter or later damage to the wiring. The fuse
and fuse holder need to be installed in the positive
side of the DC circuit, as close as possible to the
batteries and within the distance specified by the
applicable installation code. Ensure all other power
and ground connections have been made to the
Prosine Inverter before connecting the DC cables
to the batteries.
4. Connect the cable from the POSITIVE connector
on the Prosine Inverter to the POSITIVE (POS +)
terminal on the fuseholder. Observe the polarities
carefully while performing the installation and do
not reverse the polarities. Route both cables before
making any connections.
CAUTION
An inadvertent reverse polarity connection
may cause damage to the Prosine Inverter
and it will require servicing (internal fuse will
open). Before making the final DC connection,
observe polarities to ensure that the wiring is
correct.
5. Connect the DC NEGATIVE cable to the
NEGATIVE (NEG -) terminal on the battery. Next,
connect the cable to the negative terminal on the
inverter. The connection to the negative terminal
of the Prosine Inverter should be the last connection
made. A spark when making this final connection
is normal.
WARNING
Make sure all the DC connections are tight
(torque to 9–10 ft-lbs, 11.7–13Nm). Loose
connections will overheat and could result in
a potential fire hazard.
6. For residential installations, a DC wiring enclosure
is required to cover the DC connections. Contact
Xantrex or your distributor for this part. For nonresidential installations, slide the rubber terminal
boot covers up the cable and over the terminal
connections.
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
DC Grounding:
3. Prosine Inverter Operation
The Prosine Inverter has a lug on the rear panel labeled
Chassis Ground. This lug is used to connect the chassis
of the inverter to your DC ground as is required by
regulations for some installations. Depending on where
the Prosine Inverter is installed, follow the instructions
below that correspond to your installation location.
This section details how the unit functions as an
inverter, provides information on the control panel, and
describes operating limits for inverter operation.
Recreational Use #8 AWG or larger copper wire (green if
Vehicle
insulated) and secure it to the chassis
Installations ground lug as well as the grounding point in
your vehicle (usually the chassis).*
The Prosine Inverter converts power from the batteries
in two stages. The first stage is a DC-to-DC converter,
used to raise the low voltage DC input to high voltage
DC. The second stage is the actual inverter stage, taking
the high voltage DC and converting it to a precise, true
sine wave AC output.
Marine
Vessel
Installations
ABYC's recommended practi ces require
that the chassis ground wire have the same
current carrying capacity (ampacity) as the
DC input cables. Using 90°C wire, the
following wire sizes meet this requirement.**
Model
Residential
Installations
Wire Size (AWG)
1000/12 V
#6
1000/24 V
# 10
1800/12 V
#2
1800/24 V
#6
3.1 Principles of Operation
The DC-to-DC converter stage uses modern high
frequency power conversion technology that eliminates
the bulky, low frequency (50/60 Hz) based transformers
found in inverters using older technology. The inverter
stage uses advanced power semiconductors that provide
excellent overload capabilities.
The chassis of the Sine Wave Inverter must
be connected to the system's DC grounding
point. Use copper wire and secure it to the
chassis ground lug and your DC ground
point.***
Model
#6
1000/24 V
#8
1800/12 V
#4
1800/24 V
#6
* Based on NFPA 70, article 551-20(c)
** Based on ABYC A-25 and E-9
*** Based on NFPA 70, article 250-122 and 690-45
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
Figure 6. True sine wave output (120 V
AC Model)
There are many advantages of true sine wave over other
wave forms delivered by other inverters:
•
AC powered equipment is designed to operate with
true sine wave. Many loads will perform better
when connected to the Prosine Inverter.
•
motor loads start easier
•
reduced stress on surge protection circuitry within
the equipment means potentially longer equipment
life
Many advantages of true sine wave are also due to the
absence of the sharp-rising edges of waveforms
prevalent in either modified sine wave or square wave
inverters. Some of these advantages are:
Wire Size (AWG)
1000/12 V
cases where utility power is poor, the Prosine Inverter
delivers cleaner, more precise AC power.
•
reduced interference in audio or electronic
equipment, especially those that use less complex
internal power supplies
•
significantly reduced in-rush current into capacitive
loads and reduced stress on the output devices of
the inverter, potentially lengthening equipment life
•
motor loads generally operate cooler and quieter
without the extra harmonic distortion generated by
a modified sine wave.
Figure 5. Principles of Operation
3.2 Output Waveform
The AC output waveform of the Prosine Inverter is a
“true sine wave” with typically 1% Total Harmonic
Distortion (THD). Figure 6 illustrates the output
waveform from the inverter. This waveform is nearly
identical to your utility-supplied power and in some
English
9
3.3 Control Panel
WARNING
Review the Important Safety Instructions
found at the beginning of this guide before
operating the Prosine Inverter.
Once the Xantrex Prosine Inverter is properly installed
and connected to batteries, it is ready to begin delivering
AC power to your loads. The control panel is the
interface between you and the inverter. This section
describes the features of this panel and is followed by
other sections that contain inverter operating
information.
2. LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY (LCD): displays
input current from the battery and battery voltage
numerically. A multi-segment bar graph displays actual
output power in watts from the inverter when a load is
being operated.
3. MULTI-POSITION MOUNT: the control panel is
designed so it can be removed and re-attached to the
chassis in 90° increments depending on the mounting
orientation of the inverter itself. The panel can also
be removed entirely from the unit and mounted
remotely, with the purchase of the optional Interface
Panel.
4. FAULT CONDITION DISPLAY: should a fault
occur, the error will immediately be displayed. An
audible alarm sounds and the back-lighting of the
display will flash to draw attention to the fault
condition (see Section 5.1).
To operate the Prosine Inverter:
1. Turn the unit ON by moving the rocker switch on
the control panel to (I) position. The following
information will be displayed (upon each power-up),
identifying the type and configuration of your Prosine
Inverter:
•
•
•
Figure 7. Control Panel
1. INVERTER # /I: this switch turns the Prosine
#). It is
Inverter either ON (I) or to BYPASS-state (#
also used to enable or disable POWERSAVE mode
#)
during the power-up sequence. When in the (#
position, models equipped with a transfer relay will be
in the BYPASS mode, where incoming AC power is
passed through to the load. The switch controls the
output of the inverter with models equipped with AC
outlets and does not control the output on hardwire units
equipped with the transfer relay option.
Model number (1000 or 1800 watt)
Input Voltage, Output Voltage and Frequency
configuration
POWERSAVE mode OFF (factory set default)
Following the display of this information, the control
panel then defaults to the standard display information
of input voltage, input current and output power. When
a load is connected, the output power (watts) is
displayed in bar-graph form.
Once the standard display screen is shown, the Prosine
Inverter is ready to deliver AC power to your loads.
You can now plug in a load to the front outlet of the
unit, or, for those hardwire versions, into an outlet
connected to the AC output of the inverter. The loads
should operate from the inverter as they would from
utility power. Section 3.5 explains the operating limits
for the Prosine Inverter.
3.4 Prosine POWERSAVE Mode
Your Xantrex Prosine Inverter has a function mode
called POWERSAVE. This “sleep” mode shuts off
much of the power control circuitry of the inverter as
well as the display back-lighting, reducing the standby current draw considerably. With this mode enabled,
the unit draws approx. 1.5 W while powered up but
with no load on the inverter. The Prosine Inverter
detects the presence of a load by sending out pulses
approximately once every 2.5 seconds. Full output
power is available with the detection of a load. The
unit will remain in POWERSAVE mode if the load it
detects is less than 10 W for the 1000 model and less
than 20 W for the 1800 model. This is a factory set
search mode setting and cannot be changed.
You would want to enable POWERSAVE mode if the
inverter is only being used periodically to power loads.
This allows the inverter to draw less power from the
batteries during non-use periods. If the inverter is being
used frequently and your batteries are being recharged
during inverter use (e.g. vehicle alternator), or soon
after inverter use, you can leave POWERSAVE
disabled.
Your inverter is factory default set to POWERSAVE
OFF. To enable the POWERSAVE mode, follow these
steps:
#) position
1. Turn the Control Panel switch to (#
Figure 8. Control Panel Screen Sequence
2. Switch the unit back to (I) position. You will see
the power-up information sequence being displayed
as described previously.
3. When the Control Panel displays “POWERSAVE
#) position, wait for
OFF” turn the switch to (#
10
English
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
approximately three seconds, and then turn the
switch back to (I) position. “POWERSAVE ON”
will now be displayed during the start-up sequence
and when the normal state display appears, a small
pointer will be visible, indicating POWERSAVE
mode is enabled. Repeat the same procedure for
disabling POWERSAVE mode.
3.5 Inverter Operating Limits and
Protection Features
Surge Rating
P eak A C
Continuous AC
(max. watts
Output Current Output Current
delivered for 5
Rating
Rating
Model
seconds)
1000
8.3 A
25 A
1500
1800
15 A
45 A
2900
1000i
4.3 A
11 A
1500
1800i
7.8 A
20 A
2900
Each unit above will be able to operate all AC loads
rated at or below these power ratings. Some highhorsepower induction motors used in pumps and other
motor-operated equipment require very high surge
currents to start and the Prosine Inverter/battery
combination may have difficulty starting these loads.
If you have problems with certain loads, ensure that
battery connections are solid, your DC cables are
appropriately sized, and that the battery is of sufficient
capacity and fully charged.
Input Voltage: The Prosine Inverter operates from an
input voltage ranging from:
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
DC Input DC Input DC Input DC Input
over
over
under
under
voltage
voltage
voltage
voltage
shut down
alarm
shut down alarm
Input Reverse Polarity Protection: The internal
circuitry of the Prosine Inverter is protected by an
internal, 32 V, fast-blow fuse as follows:
Mo d el
Mf g & Mo d el
1000 - 24 V
1000i - 24 V
Littelfuse/Gould CNN80 or
Bussmann ANN80 rated 80 A
1800 - 12 V
1800i - 12 V
Littelfuse Mega 225 A
All others
Littelfuse Mega 125 A
Model
Power Output: The Prosine 1000 Inverter will
continuously deliver 1000 watts and the Prosine 1800
delivers 1800 watts continuously. The following table
displays the continuous and peak current ratings as well
as surge rating, depending on the model:
10 to 16 VDC for 12 V models
20 to 32 VDC for 24 V models
Peak performance for these inverters occurs when DC
input voltage is in the range of 12 volts to 15 volts for
12 V models and 24 volts to 30 volts for 24 V models.
The Prosine Inverter will indicate high and low DC
voltage conditions as follows:
12 V
15.8 VDC 16.0 VDC 10.5 VDC 10.0 VDC
models
24 V
31.6 VDC 32.0 VDC 21.0 VDC 20.0 VDC
models
The over-voltage protection and shutdown protects the
inverter against excessive input voltage, should the unit
be connected to a higher voltage than it is designed for
(up to 35VDC—higher voltages may cause damage).
Low input voltage shutdown protects your battery from
being over-discharged. The inverter requires a manual
reset to re-start after shutdown from either high or low
#) and then
input voltage. Turn the power switch to (#
back to (I) to re-start the unit.
Output Overload Protection: A short circuit may be
applied to the output continuously without damage to
any internal components. The Prosine Inverter will shut
down in less than five seconds when the output falls
10% below the nominal voltage as a result of current
limiting.
AC Backfeed Protection: Although the Prosine
Inverter has been designed to withstand incoming AC
at the AC output, this is only a safeguard and continuous
AC backfeed could lead to inverter damage. Avoid
inverter damage by double checking the AC input and
output wiring on hardwire configured models before
applying power and by understanding your source of
AC and where power from the source leads to (e.g. do
not plug a live extension cord into the AC outlet of the
inverter).
This fuse is only replaceable by qualified service
personnel. In many reverse polarity conditions, this fuse
will protect internal circuits, however, certain high
voltage/current situations may cause internal damage.
4. Testing
The following simple test procedure should ensure that
the inverter is connected and installed properly.
To test the Prosine Inverter:
1. Double check all wiring terminals on the inverter
to observe correct polarity and secure connections.
2. Turn rocker switch to (I) position.
3. Observe the power-up sequence on the display. The
normal-state inverter display of input current and
input voltage should come up.
4. Plug a test load (e.g. a light bulb) into the outlet of
the Prosine Inverter. The load should function
normally. Observe the output power bar graph—it
should increase with load demand.
5. For hardwire and transfer relay-equipped versions,
plug a load into the AC output leg of the inverter
while input AC is available. Remove input AC. The
load should still operate normally. Replace the
source AC input power and again, the load should
operate normally, indicating proper installation and
function of the transfer relay.
6. Repeat test 4 or 5 with the inverter in
“POWERSAVE” mode.
7. The Prosine Inverter is now ready for operation.
English
11
5. Troubleshooting Guide
WARNING
Do not open or disassemble the Prosine Inverter. See Section 6 for instructions on obtaining service for the inverter. Attempting to service the unit yourself may result in a risk of
electrical shock or fire.
This section describes potential installation and configuration problems and solutions, including fault conditions and indicators.
5.1 Fault Conditions and Indicators
The following fault conditions are displayed on the control panel along with an alarm sound and blinking LCD back-light.
Control Panel Indication
Fault Condition
Solution
HIGH BATT SHUTDOWN
Battery voltage too high
Check for fault with battery charging system. Manually reset inverter by turning switch to (#) then to (I) again.
LOW BATT SHUTDOWN
Battery voltage too low
Charge battery. Manually reset inverter by turning switch to (#) then to (I) again.
OVERLOAD SHUTDOWN
Battery current too high, probable AC
overload
Reduce load on inverter.
OVERTEMP SHUTDOWN
System over-temperature
Improve ventilation and cooling and/or reduce load on inverter.
SYSTEM SHUTDOWN
PS_FAULT SHUTDOWN
DC-DC SHUTDOWN
Overload or system hardware fault
Ensure all loads are disconnected Try to reset inverter by switching to (#) and then to (I). If unit still does not
operate contact your distributor/merchant/retailer or Xantrex for service/warranty replacement.
The table below provides some troubleshooting tips:
Problems and Symptoms
Possible Cause
Solution
No output voltage and control panel reading 10.0 VDC or lower
(20.4 VDC on 24 V models).
Low input voltage shutdown.
Recharge battery, check connections and cable.
No output voltage, no voltage indication.
Inverter switched to (#).
Turn Inverter power switch to (I).
No battery power to inverter.
Check wiring to Inverter. Check battery fuse.
Reverse DC polarity connection
—internal fuse open.
Have qualified service technician check and replace fuse (correct
replacement fuse noted on inside of unit). Observe correct polarity.
High input voltage shutdown.
Make sure the Inverter is connected to correct battery voltage
No output voltage and control panel reading 16.0 VDC or higher
(32.0 VDC on 24 V models).
Check regulation of charging system.
Low battery warning on all the time. Voltage indicator below
11.0 VDC (22.0 VDC on 24 V models).
12
English
Poor DC wiring.
Use proper cable and make solid connections.
Poor battery condition.
Charge battery or use new battery.
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
6. Warranty and Return Information
Warranty
What does this warranty cover and how long does it last? This Limited
Warranty is provided by Xantrex Technology Inc. (“Xantrex”) and covers defects
in workmanship and materials in your Xantrex Prosine Sine Wave Inverter. This
Warranty Period lasts for 24 months from the date of purchase at the point of sale
to you, the original end user customer, unless otherwise agreed in writing. You
will be required to demonstrate proof of purchase to make warranty claims.
This Limited Warranty does not warrant uninterrupted or error-free operation of the product
or cover normal wear and tear of the product or costs related to the removal, installation, or
troubleshooting of the customer’s electrical systems. This warranty does not apply to and
Xantrex will not be responsible for any defect in or damage to:
a)
b)
This Limited Warranty is transferable to subsequent owners but only for the
unexpired portion of the Warranty Period. Subsequent owners also require
original proof of purchase as described in “What proof of purchase is required?”
c)
What will Xantrex do? During the Warranty Period Xantrex will, at its option,
repair the product (if economically feasible) or replace the defective product free
of charge, provided that you notify Xantrex of the product defect within the
Warranty Period, and provided that Xantrex through inspection establishes the
existence of such a defect and that it is covered by this Limited Warranty.
e)
Xantrex will, at its option, use new and/or reconditioned parts in performing
warranty repair and building replacement products. Xantrex reserves the right to
use parts or products of original or improved design in the repair or replacement.
If Xantrex repairs or replaces a product, its warranty continues for the remaining
portion of the original Warranty Period or 90 days from the date of the return
shipment to the customer, whichever is greater. All replaced products and all parts
removed from repaired products become the property of Xantrex.
Xantrex covers both parts and labor necessary to repair the product, and return
shipment to the customer via a Xantrex-selected non-expedited surface freight
within the contiguous United States and Canada. Alaska, Hawaii and outside of
the United States and Canada are excluded. Contact Xantrex Customer Service
for details on freight policy for return shipments from excluded areas.
How do you get service? If your product requires troubleshooting or warranty
service, contact your merchant. If you are unable to contact your merchant, or the
merchant is unable to provide service, contact Xantrex directly at:
Telephone: 1 800 670 0707 (toll free North America), 1 408 987 6030 (direct)
Fax: 1 800 994 7828 (toll free North America), 1 604 422 2756 (direct)
Email: customerservice@xantrex.com
Website: www.xantrex.com
Direct returns may be performed according to the Xantrex Return Material
Authorization Policy described in your product manual. For some products,
Xantrex maintains a network of regional Authorized Service Centers. Call
Xantrex or check our website to see if your product can be repaired at one of
these facilities.
What proof of purchase is required? In any warranty claim, dated proof of
purchase must accompany the product and the product must not have been
disassembled or modified without prior written authorization by Xantrex.
d)
f)
g)
h)
the product if it has been misused, neglected, improperly installed, physically
damaged or altered, either internally or externally, or damaged from improper use or
use in an unsuitable environment;
the product if it has been subjected to fire, water, generalized corrosion, biological
infestations, or input voltage that creates operating conditions beyond the maximum
or minimum limits listed in the Xantrex product specifications including, but not
limited to, high input voltage from generators and lightning strikes;
the product if repairs have been done to it other than by Xantrex or its authorized
service centers (hereafter “ASCs”);
the product if it is used as a component part of a product expressly warranted by
another manufacturer;
component parts or monitoring systems supplied by you or purchased by Xantrex at
your direction for incorporation into the product;
the product if its original identification (trade-mark, serial number) markings have
been defaced, altered, or removed;
the product if it is located outside of the country where it was purchased; and
any consequential losses that are attributable to the product losing power whether by
product malfunction, installation error or misuse.
•
•
•
The dated purchase receipt from the original purchase of the product
at point of sale to the end user; or
The dated dealer invoice or purchase receipt showing original
equipment manufacturer (OEM) status; or
The dated invoice or purchase receipt showing the product
exchanged under warranty.
What does this warranty not cover? Claims are limited to repair and
replacement, or if in Xantrex’s discretion that is not possible, reimbursement up
to the purchase price paid for the product. Xantrex will be liable to you only for
direct damages suffered by you and only up to a maximum amount equal to the
purchase price of the product.
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
•
•
•
•
Return Procedure
Package the unit safely, preferably using the original box and packing materials.
Please ensure that your product is shipped fully insured in the original
packaging or equivalent. This warranty will not apply where the product is
damaged due to improper packaging.
Include the following:
•
•
•
•
Product
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY IS THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE
WARRANTY PROVIDED BY XANTREX IN
CONNECTION WITH YOUR XANTREX PRODUCT AND IS, WHERE PERMITTED BY LAW, IN LIEU OF ALL
OTHER WARRANTIES, CONDITIONS, GUARANTEES, REPRESENTATIONS, OBLIGATIONS AND LIABILITIES,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE IN CONNECTION WITH THE PRODUCT, HOWEVER
ARISING
(WHETHER
BY CONTRACT, TORT, NEGLIGENCE, PRINCIPLES OF MANUFACTURER’S LIABILITY,
OPERATION OF LAW, CONDUCT, STATEMENT OR OTHERWISE ), INCLUDING WITHOUT RESTRICTION ANY
IMPLIED WARRANTY OR CONDITION OF QUALITY, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE.
ANY
The serial number of your product
Information about the installation and use of the unit
Information about the failure and/or reason for the return
A copy of your dated proof of purchase
The RMA number supplied by Xantrex Technology Inc. clearly
marked on the outside of the box.
A return address where the unit can be shipped. Post office boxes
are not acceptable.
A contact telephone number where you can be reached during
work hours.
A brief description of the problem.
Ship the unit prepaid to the address provided by your Xantrex customer service
representative.
Disclaimer
IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE TO
THE EXTENT REQUIRED UNDER APPLICABLE LAW TO APPLY TO THE PRODUCT SHALL BE LIMITED IN
DURATION TO THE PERIOD STIPULATED UNDER THIS LIMITED WARRANTY.
IN NO EVENT WILL XANTREX BE LIABLE FOR: (A) ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING LOST PROFITS, LOST REVENUES, FAILURE TO REALIZE
EXPECTED SAVINGS , OR OTHER COMMERCIAL OR ECONOMIC LOSSES OF ANY KIND , EVEN IF XANTREX
HAS BEEN ADVISED, OR HAD REASON TO KNOW, OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE, (B) ANY
LIABILITY ARISING IN TORT, WHETHER OR NOT ARISING OUT OF XANTREX’S NEGLIGENCE, AND ALL
LOSSES OR DAMAGES TO ANY PROPERTY OR FOR ANY PERSONAL INJURY OR ECONOMIC LOSS OR
DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE CONNECTION OF A PRODUCT TO ANY OTHER DEVICE OR SYSTEM, AND (C) ANY
DAMAGE OR INJURY ARISING FROM OR AS A RESULT OF MISUSE OR ABUSE, OR THE INCORRECT
INSTALLATION, INTEGRATION OR OPERATION OF THE PRODUCT.
IF YOU ARE A CONSUMER (RATHER THAN A PURCHASER OF THE PRODUCT IN THE COURSE OF A
EUROPEAN UNION, THIS
BUSINESS) AND PURCHASED THE PRODUCT IN A MEMBER STATE OF THE
LIMITED WARRANTY SHALL BE SUBJECT TO YOUR STATUTORY RIGHTS AS A CONSUMER UNDER THE
EUROPEAN UNION PRODUCT WARRANTY DIRECTIVE 1999/44/EC AND AS SUCH DIRECTIVE HAS BEEN
EUROPEAN UNION MEMBER STATE WHERE YOU PURCHASED THE PRODUCT.
FURTHER, WHILE THIS LIMITED WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, YOU MAY HAVE OTHER
RIGHTS WHICH MAY VARY FROM EU MEMBER STATE TO EU MEMBER STATE OR, IF YOU DID NOT
PURCHASE THE PRODUCT IN AN EU MEMBER STATE, IN THE COUNTRY YOU PURCHASED THE PRODUCT
WHICH MAY VARY FROM COUNTRY TO COUNTRY AND JURISDICTION TO JURISDICTION .
IMPLEMENTED IN THE
Proof of purchase may be in any one of the following forms:
When you contact Xantrex to obtain service, please have your instruction
manual ready for reference and be prepared to supply:
If you are returning a product from outside of the USA or Canada
In addition to the above, you MUST include return freight funds and are fully
responsible for all documents, duties, tariffs, and deposits.
If you are returning a product to a Xantrex Authorized Service Center
(ASC)
A Xantrex return material authorization (RMA) number is not required.
However, you must contact the ASC prior to returning the product or presenting
the unit to verify any return procedures that may apply to that particular facility
and that the ASC repairs this particular Xantrex product.
Out of Warranty Service
If the warranty period for your product has expired, if the unit was damaged by
misuse or incorrect installation, if other conditions of the warranty have not
been met, or if no dated proof of purchase is available, your unit may be
serviced or replaced for a flat fee.
To return your product for out of warranty service, contact Xantrex Customer
Service for a Return Material Authorization (RMA) number and follow the other
steps outlined in “Return Procedure”.
Payment options such as credit card or money order will be explained by the
Customer Service Representative. In cases where the minimum flat fee does not
apply, as with incomplete units or units with excessive damage, an additional
fee will be charged. If applicable, you will be contacted by Customer Service
once your unit has been received.
Return Material Authorization Policy
For those products that are not being repaired in the field and are being returned to Xantrex,
before returning a product directly to Xantrex you must obtain a Return Material
Authorization (RMA) number and the correct factory “Ship To” address. Products must also
be shipped prepaid. Product shipments will be refused and returned at your expense if they
are unauthorized, returned without an RMA number clearly marked on the outside of the
shipping box, if they are shipped collect, or if they are shipped to the wrong location.
English
13
7. Appendices
ADVANTAGES:
More resistant to over-charging since they can be filled with
water. Cheaper than other batteries.
7.1 Battery Type
DISADVANTAGES:
Must be filled with DISTILLED water and usually require
equalization. Maintenance required.
This appendix explains some of the differences between
the different lead acid batteries to help you choose a battery
which best suits your needs.
The lead-acid battery which is probably most common is
the starting battery in your automobile. An automotive
starting battery is designed to deliver a large amount of
current for a short period of time (so it can start your engine).
Only a small portion of the battery´s capacity is used when
starting the engine and it is quickly recharged by the running
engine. It is not designed for repeated charge-discharge
cycles where the battery is almost completely discharged
and then recharged. Starting batteries used in this kind of
deep discharge service will wear out rapidly.
Your Xantrex Prosine Inverter is designed to be used with
deep-cycle lead acid batteries. These batteries are designed
for deep discharge service where they will be repeatedly
charged and discharged. This type of battery is often labeled
as a marine, recreational vehicle, or golf cart battery.
Xantrex recommends you use one or more of these batteries
separated from the starting battery of your vehicle or boat
with a battery isolator.
The many different types of deep-cycle lead acid batteries
can be grouped into four categories: flooded (or wet), sealed
flooded (“maintenance free”), recombinant flooded (often
“starved electrolyte”), and gel batteries. The table that
follows summarizes these battery types, identifying features,
advantages and disadvantages.
FLOODED BATTERIES:
TROJAN:
Golf Cart, Superior, Pacer
WEST MARINE: Sea Volt
MOTOMASTER: Nautilus
IDENTIFYING FEATURES:
Vents which can be removed to fill the battery with water.
Low price and higher maintenance.
14
English
ADVANTAGES:
Require no maintenance. Often can be used on their side.
Non-spillable. Low self-discharge. Less damage from being
left discharged.
DISADVANTAGES:
Damaged by equalization. Generally more expensive.
SEALED FLOODED BATTERIES:
DELCO:Voyager
IDENTIFYING FEATURES:
Vents which look like they are removable but are not. Sold
as “Maintenance Free” at attractive prices.
ADVANTAGES:
Less maintenance required than Flooded. No need to fill
with water. Less expensive.
DISADVANTAGES:
Less resistant to over-charging because they consume water
but cannot be refilled.
RECOMBINANT FLOODED (SEALED)
BATTERIES:
HAWKER ENERGY:
OPTIMA:
GNB INDUSTRIAL:
Genesis
Yellow Top
Evolyte
IDENTIFYING FEATURES:
Vents are often concealed. Sold using the following phrases:
Recombinant, Valve Regulated, Maintenance Free, Starved
Electrolyte.
ADVANTAGES:
Require no maintenance. Non-spillable
DISADVANTAGES:
Can be damaged by equalization. Generally more expensive.
GEL SEALED BATTERIES:
SONNENSCHEIN:
WEST MARINE: SeaGel
Prevailer
IDENTIFYING FEATURES:
Sold as either “Gel” or “Gelled Electrolyte” batteries.
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
7.2 Battery Size
Just as important as the type of battery selected for use
with your Xantrex Prosine Inverter is the subject of
battery size (capacity). There are a number of different
standards for rating battery capacity. Automotive
starting batteries are normally rated by cranking amps.
This is not a relevant rating for continuous use. Deep
cycle batteries are rated either by reserve capacity in
minutes or by amp-hours.
Battery reserve capacity is a measure of how long a
battery can deliver a certain amount of current—usually
25 amps. For example, a battery with a reserve capacity
of 180 minutes can deliver 25 amps for 180 minutes
before it is completely discharged.
Amp-hour capacity is a measure of how many amps a
battery can deliver for a specified length of time—
usually 20 hours. For example, a typical marine or RV
battery rated for 100 amp hours can deliver 5 amps for
20 hours. (5 amps x 20 hours = 100 amp hours)
You can expect performance from the inverter to suffer
with the use of a small, low amp-hour rated battery
(for example, 50 Ah). Even if your battery is in excellent
shape and fully charged you will likely experience
poor surge power performance and unsatisfactory
operating time with anything but a small AC load.
Xantrex recommends a minimum battery size of 200
Ah for moderate loads (less than 1000 W) and greater
than 400 Ah for heavy loads.
To determine how large a battery or battery bank you
require for equipment running from the inverter, simply
add together the power requirements for all electrical
devices that you will be running multiplied by their
approximate running times in hours between battery
recharges. Each device will be rated in either watts,
volts and amps, or VA. For this calculation, all three of
these ratings are equivalent (i.e. volts x amps = watts
= VA). The following example, based on battery
recharging every three days, illustrates the calculation:
1
Convert the watt hours to amp hours by dividing total
watt hours by 10:
1495 watt hours/10 = 149.5 amp hours
A 150 amp hour battery is required to supply enough
power for the above loads, and become completely
discharged. Ideally, you normally want to discharge
your battery to only 50% capacity, so for the above loads,
you would require about 300 amp hours of battery
capacity.
When sizing your battery, be generous. More capacity
is better since you will have more reserve capacity, and
your battery will not be discharged as deeply. Battery
life is directly dependent on how deeply the battery is
discharged. The deeper the discharge, the shorter the
battery life.
As your power requirements increase, to obtain
sufficient battery capacity, you may need to use more
than one battery. Two identical batteries can be
connected positive to positive and negative to negative
in a parallel system that doubles the capacity and
maintains the voltage of a single battery. It is not
recommended to connect batteries from different
manufacturers or with different amp-hour ratings or
with different battery electrolytes in parallel. Decreased
battery life may result.
Load
Power
Consumption
TV & VCR
Operating Time
Watt hours1
115 W
3 hrs
(1 hr per day)
345
Coffee
Maker
750 W
1 hr
(20 min. per day)
750
Microwave
Oven
800 W
0.5 hrs
(10 min. per day)
400
TOTAL
1495
Power Consumption x Operating Time
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
English
15
8. Performance Graphs
8.1 Power Derating Curve
As with all inverters, the amount of continuous power
that the Xantrex Prosine Inverters can deliver without
overheating is limited by ambient (surrounding air)
temperature. The following “Power Derating Curve
vs. Temperature” illustrates the relationship between
power output and ambient temperature.
Operating the unit above this temperature will result
in thermal shutdown or decreased performance. At input
voltages less than 12 V or 24 V, the unit runs warmer
which will cause thermal shutdowns at temperatures
below these ambient temperature guidelines.
Operating the unit in conditions outside the power and
temperature limits (above and to the right of the derating
curves) will result in thermal shutdown and/or
significantly decreased performance. In addition,
operation in this range is outside of the ratings covered
by the product’s regulatory approvals.
16
English
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
8.2 Efficiency Curve
The efficiency rating of the Xantrex Prosine Inverter
indicates what percentage of DC power is converted to
usable AC power at given power output levels. The
higher the rating, the less power is lost in the way of
heat from the inverting process. Xantrex Prosine
Inverters have an extremely flat efficiency curve over
much of their operating range so less battery power is
wasted, whether operating at low power levels or higher
power levels. The following measurements were
conducted at 12 V and 24 VDC input voltage on 120 V,
60 Hz and 230 V, 50 Hz inverters.
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
English
17
9. Specifications
1000
1 800
1000i
1800i
C onti nuous output power
1000 W
1800 W
1000 W
1800 W
Surge rati ng (5 seconds)
1500 W
2900 W
1500 W
2900 W
Peak output current
25 A
45 A
11 A
20 A
Peak Effi ci ency
89%
90%
No load draw, search mode
<1.5 W
<1.5 W
No load draw, i dle mode
<22 W
<22 W
60 Hz ±0.05%
50 Hz ±0.05%
Si ne Wave (<3% THD, 1% TYP.)
Si ne Wave (<3% THD, 1% TYP.)
10-16 VD C / 20-32 VD C
10-16 VD C / 20-32 VD C
Output Voltage (at no load)
120 VAC RMS ±3%
230 VAC RMS ±3%
Output Voltage (over full load &
battery voltage range)
120 VAC +4%, -10%
230 VAC RMS +4%, -10%
Output frequency
Output waveform (resi sti ve load)
Input voltage range
12 VD C /24 VD C models
Low Battery C ut-out
12 VD C /24 VD C models
10 V D C / 20 V D C
10 V D C / 20 V D C
(5 sec. ti me delay, 10.5 Vdc warni ng)
(5 sec. ti me delay, 10.5 Vdc warni ng)
16 V D C / 32 V D C
16 V D C / 32 V D C
Automati c overload, short ci rcui t, over-temperature, over-voltage, under-voltage,
reverse polari ty (fuse), AC backfeed
Automati c overload, short ci rcui t, over-temperature, over-voltage, under-voltage,
reverse polari ty (fuse), AC backfeed
15 A (on hardwire/transfer relay models)
10A (on hardwire/transfer relay models)
Hi gh Battery C ut-out
12 VD C /24 VD C models
Protecti on
Transfer Relay Rati ng
Transfer Ti me AC to Inverter
and Inverter to AC
R egulatory Approvals
Safety
Max. 2 cycles (typi cally 1 cycle);
Max. 2 cycles (typi cally 1 cycle);
<2.5 seconds wi th POWERSAVE on
<2.5 seconds wi th POWERSAVE on
CSA/NRTL Certified to CSA 107.1, UL 458
D esi gned to meet
ABYC E8, E9, A25,
KKK-A-1822D avai lable upon request
D i mensi ons (H x W x L)
Wei ght
Operati ng Temperature
Storage Temperature
English
Low Voltage D i recti ve 2006/95/EC
EN 50178:1997
EMC D i recti ve 2004/108/EC
- EN 61000-6-1:2007
- EN 61000-6-3:2007
Automoti ve EMC D i recti ve 2004/104/EC as amended by 2005/83/EC
Testi ng ("New" Automoti ve D i recti ve)
EMC
18
90%
4.5" x 11.0" x 15.4"
14.5 lbs / 6.5 kg
115mm x 280mm x 390mm
16.5 lbs / 7.5 kg
6.5 kg
7.5 kg
32 °F (0 °C )–140 °F (60 °C )
0 °C –60 °C
-22 °F (-30 °C )–158 °F (70 °C )
-30 °C –70 °C
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
NOTES
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
English
19
NOTES
20
English
Xantrex Prosine Inverter Owner’s Manual
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