Appalachian`s - Appalachian Stove

Appalachian`s - Appalachian Stove
Appalachian’s
Trailmaster
4N1-XL
INSTALLATION
AND OPERATION
PROCEDURES
FACTORY BUILT FIREPLACE INSERT
FREESTANDING - RESIDENTIAL
MOBILE HOME MODELS
MASONRY FIREPLACE INSERT
© 2001 Appalachian Stove & Fabricators, Inc.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. Stove Features and Operating Controls..................3
II. Fireplace Insert Installation...................................4
(Factory Unit and Masonry Insert)
1. Stove Components..............................................4
2. Fireplace Dimensions..........................................4
3. Clearance to Combustibles.................................5
4. Preparation........................................................5
5. Mounting the Trim Panels..................................5
6. Installing the Stove.............................................6
7. Importance of Proper Draft................................6
IX. Maintenance......................................................18
1. Ash Removal.....................................................18
2. Care of the Glass...............................................18
3. Chimney Care...................................................18
4. Stove Finish.......................................................18
5. Blower Care......................................................18
6. Door Gasket Replacement.................................18
7. Motor Maintenance..........................................18
X. Safety...................................................................19
XI. Limited Warranty................................................19
III. Freestanding Installation......................................7
1. Stove Components..............................................7
2. Clearance to Combustibles
And Non-Combustibles...................................7,8
3. Preparation........................................................8
4. Attaching the Freestanding Leg Kit..................8,9
5. Attaching the Stove Pipe.....................................8
6. Chimney Installation..........................................9
(A) General.........................................................9
(B) Importance of Proper Draft...........................9
(C) Masonry Flue.............................................10
(D) Factory-Built Chimney................................10
IV. Mobile Home Installation...................................11
1. General Procedures...........................................11
2. Installation of External Air Duct.......................11
V. Installing the Brass Trim.......................................12
VI. Installing the Optional Heat Shield....................13
Thank you for purchasing the Model Trailmaster 4N1XL stove. Appalachian Stove welcomes you to the
growing ranks of energy conscious Americans.
Heating with wood and bituminous coal is one way to
conserve resources and to stimulate a healthy economy.
The forest industry has worked for many years to
assure a continual supply of our most abundant
renewable resource - wood.
To fully benefit from your stove and to ensure safe
operation, follow the instructions in this manual
carefully. We hope you enjoy many years of safe,
economical heat from your Model Trailmaster 4N1-XL
stove.
VII. Catalytic Combusters........................................14
1. General Information.........................................14
(A) Tamper Warning and Warranty Info............14
2. Catalyst Monitoring.........................................14
3. Catalyst Troubleshooting..................................15
4. Catalyst Replacement.......................................16
VIII. Stove Operation..............................................17
1. Fuel Selection...................................................17
2. Building and Maintaining a Fire.......................17
3. Refueling the Stove...........................................17
4. Achieving Catalyst Light-Off
From a Cold Start........................................17
5. Catalyst Light-Off When Refueling..................17
This manual describes the installation and operation of
the Appalachian Stove Model Trailmaster 4N1-XL
catalytic equipped wood heater. This heater meets the
United States Environmental Protection Agency’s
emission limit for wood heaters sold after July 1, 1988.
Under specific conditions, this heater has been shown
to deliver heat at rates ranging from 10,100 to 26,900
BTU/hour.
I. FEATURES AND OPERATING CONTROLS
Before installing and operating the Trailmaster 4N1-XL
stove, familiarize yourself with its features and operating
controls.
8. Warm air deflector - on the top stove edge directs
heated air downward and across the floor for maximum
comfort.
1. Quality steel construction - assures years of dependable
service. The firebox is constructed of 4 gauge plated steel.
9. Sliding damper - helps increase heat extraction by
controlling the escape of hot combustion gasses and
smoke. The sliding damper is opened by pulling the
control handle out and closed by pushing the handle in.
The damper may be left in any intermediate position.
2. Special Fireproof Insulation - lines the solid steel outer
box and covers the firebox to provide high temperature
resistance.
3. Warm air outlets - distribute heated air from around the
firebox.
4. Front mounted blower - circulates air around the fire
chamber for increased heat. The easily mounted blower
allows for quick access, if service is needed.
5. One piece glass door - seals the firebox for high
efficiency and allows viewing of the fire.
6. Optional webbing - available in either black or brass.
7. Refractory firebox liner - boosts burning efficiency by
reflecting radiant heat back into the fire, which results in a
more thorough and cleaner burn.
10. Draft controls - regulate the burning rate and the heat
output of the stove. The larger the fire, the more heat the
unit will produce. The drafts are opened by pulling the
controls in the door toward the center of the unit
(together) and may be left in any intermediate position.
Start up air (centered under the door) may only be
opened during the building of the fire (5 minute max.).
11. Ash pan - for easy removal of ash.
12. Three speed switch - assists in the adjustment of air
circulation around the firebox. The automatic position is
thermostatically controlled, the blower comes on when
the activation temperature is reached. The manual
position allows for blower start up at any time.
3
II. FIREPLACE INSERT
FIGURE 1 - STOVE COMPONENTS
1. STOVE COMPONENTS
The following components are included with the
4N1-XL fireplace insert model:
(A) 4N1-XL Stove
(B) Blower Assembly
(C) Adhesive-backed Insulation
(D) Top Trim Panel (1)
(E) Side Trim Panels (2)
(F) Refractory Box Liner (firebrick)
(G) Assembly Screws
(H) Ash Pan
(I) Damper Spring
(J) Optional Webbing
2. FIREPLACE DIMENSIONS
Refer to FIGURE 2 to determine the minimum
dimensions necessary to install the 4N1-XL stove.
FIGURE 2 - FIREPLACE DIMENSIONS (MINIMUM)
A
B
C
22-1/2”
26-1/2”
15”
*Depth at height of stove
4
3. CLEARANCE TO COMBUSTIBLES
To ensure a safe installation into a masonry or
factory-built fireplace, these minimum clearances
must be met:
(A) Minimum of 17” from the stove top to the
bottom of a combustible mantle.
(B) Minimum of 7-1/2” from the side wall of the
stove to any combustibles.
(C) Minimum of 16” of floor protection in front of
the stove of 3/8” asbestos millboard, or equivalent,
for masonry fireplace.
(D) Minimum of 22” of floor protection in front of
the stove of 3/8” asbestos millboard, or equivalent,
for factory-built fireplace.
4. PREPARATION
To facilitate the installation of your 4N1-XL stove,
follow theses steps before attempting to place the
stove in a fireplace.
(A) Clear the area around the fireplace of furniture,
rugs, etc., to allow easy access.
(B) Place drop cloths or other protective materials on
the floor and hearth to protect against possible
damage.
(C) Remove ashes and thoroughly clean the firebox
floor.
(D) Remove the damper plate, if possible, or block it
open using non-combustible materials, such as brick
or rock.
(E) Inspect the interior of the firebox and flue for
possible deterioration of mortar joints, loose bricks,
and excessive creosote buildup.
NOTE: If the flue is dirty, clean it before installing
the stove. If deteriorated, repair or reline the chimney.
5. MOUNTING THE TRIM PANELS
(A) Mount the top trim panel.
(B) Mount the side trim panels with the mounting
screws provided. (FIGURE 3)
(C) Attach the adhesive-backed insulation to the back
of the trim panels. To help camouflage the insulation,
place it approximately one inch from the edge of the
panels. (FIGURE 3)
FIGURE 3
MOUNTING THE TRIM PANELS
NOTE: If the face of the fireplace is rock, or other
rough construction, additional insulation may be
necessary in order to properly seal the trim panels.
5
6. INSTALLING THE STOVE
(A) Slide the stove into the fireplace, centering it
within the fireplace opening.
(B) Push the stove back until the trim panels are
firmly against the face of the fireplace, compressing
the insulation and accomplishing a seal.
(C) Do not block air inlets on a factory-built fireplace.
(D) In a mobile home, the outside air connection of
the factory-built fireplace MUST be connected with
the stove’s outside air connector.
(E) Be sure to use class A or type “HT” pipe.
NOTE: Be sure the damper opening of the stove lies
behind the lintel to prevent overheating of the
fireplace facing.
NOTE: If the floor of the fireplace is recessed, it
must be built up with non-combustible materials such
as brick, scrap metal, etc. The 4N1-XL should sit
level in the fireplace to function properly.
This completes the installation of your 4N1-XL
fireplace insert. Please refer to SECTIONS VIII and
IX for operation and maintenance instructions.
NOTE: THIS STOVE CAN BE POSITIVE (DIRECT
CONNECTED), IF PREFERRED OR NECESSARY.
DIRECT CONNECT KIT INSTRUCTIONS:
1. Using the self-tapping screws (4), drill four holes in
the stove to connect the boot.
2. Connect the flexible pipe to the top of the boot.
3. In some cases, the stove may need to be tilted
slightly backward in order to insert the flexible pipe
through the throat of the flue.
4. Wrap insulation around the pipe that is visible,
from the boot to the start of the flue.
FIGURE 4
STOVE INSTALLATION
7. IMPORTANCE OF PROPER DRAFT
Draft is the force which moves air from the appliance
up through the chimney. The amount of draft in your
chimney depends on the length of the chimney, local
geography, nearby obstructions and other factors.
Too much draft may cause excessive temperature in
the appliance and may damage the catalytic
combustor. Inadequate draft may cause backpuffing
into the room and “plugging” of the chimney or
catalyst.
NOTE: Inadequate draft will cause the appliance to
leak smoke into the room through appliance and
chimney connector joints.
NOTE: An uncontrollable burn or glowing red stove
part or chimney connector indicates excessive draft.
FIGURE 4A
ATTACHING DIRECT CONNECT KIT
6
III. FREESTANDING INSTALLATION
FIGURE 5 - STOVE COMPONENTS
1. STOVE COMPONENTS
The following components are included with the 4N1XL freestanding model:
(A) 4N1-XL stove
(B) Blower assembly
(C) Pedestal or Brass Legs (4 req) - (Not Shown)
(D) Refractory Fireplace Liner (firebrick)
(E) Assembly Screws
(F) Outside Air Duct (Mobile Home Only)
(G) Ash Pan
(H) Damper Spring
2. CLEARANCE TO COMBUSTIBLES AND NONCOMBUSTIBLES
The 4N1-XL stove MUST be installed with adequate
clearance from combustible surfaces to assure safe
operation. Refer to FIGURE 6 to determine the
applicable clearances for your installation.
Rear and side wall clearances depend on two factors:
1. Composition of the wall structure (combustible or
non-combustible materials).
2. Type of stove pipe used to connect the stove to
chimney or flue (single wall or double wall, insulated
pipe).
7
NOTE: Walls of wood frame construction covered
with non-combustible veneer such as brick are
considered COMBUSTIBLE walls.
(A) If the stove is installed on a combustible floor, a
protective pad of 3/8” asbestos millboard, or
equivalent, must be placed beneath the pedestal. It
must extend 8” to either side and rear of the stove,
and 16” in front of the stove.
(B) If the stove pipe is installed with an elbow to
penetrate the wall into a flue, the minimum clearance
of the elbow is 18” from the top of the stove pipe
and the ceiling.
RESIDENTIAL CLEARANCE DIMENSIONS
R
24”
18”
Combustible Wall - Single Wall Pipe
Combustible Wall - Insulated Pipe
Combustible Wall - Insulated Pipe/
Heat Shield
6”
Non-Combustible Wall - Single Wall Pipe 12”
Combustible Wall - Double Wall
Air-Cooled Pipe with Heat Shield
14”
S
24”
24”
FIGURE 6
CLEARANCE TO COMBUSTIBLES
24”
12”
18”
3. PREPARATION
Proper preparation and planning of the installation
will simplify the job and help achieve effective
operation of the unit.
(A) Select the location for the installation. The stove
should be positioned so that the air flows to the rest
of the home in as straight a line as possible.
(B) Indicate the approximate penetration point of the
chimney structure. Avoid roof areas such as valleys,
ridges, dormers and hips.
(C) Position the floor protector where the installation
is to be made (see the clearance specifications in
SECTION II).
(D) Attach the freestanding leg kit to the stove and
place in position on the floor protector. Check
clearances.
4. ATTACHING THE FREESTANDING BASE OR
CAST LEG KIT
Tool needed: Drill
(A) Remove the wooden blocks from the bottom of
the stove. A drill may be used to remove the screws.
(FIGURE 7)
FIGURE 7
8
(B) PEDESTAL: Position on the bottom of the stove
so that it is centered and 2” back from the edge of
the stove bottom. The longest solid panel and the
opening in the bottom of the pedestal are located at
the front of the stove. The pedestal should be
replaced with the “turned out” flange against the
bottom. LEG KIT: There are holes drilled on the
bottom of the stove that will line up the legs properly.
The legs are attached with screws from the bottom of
the stove.
NOTE: The vent opening should be completely
inside the pedestal.
(C) Attach the pedestal using the three (3) drill screws
provided. Drill the holes in the correctly positioned
pedestal. The front left corner (blower side of stove)
will not have a screw. The screws will make their own
holes in the stove bottom.
5. ATTACHING THE STOVE PIPE
Secure the first section of the pipe to the top of the
stove using the “L” bracket, place it behind the stove
pipe so that one leg rests on the stove top and the
other rests against the pipe. This will hold the joint
firmly together. (FIGURE 8)
6. CHIMNEY INSTALLATION
(A) GENERAL
1. The single wall stove pipe used to connect the
stove to the flue, whether masonry or factory-built,
must be a minimum of 24-gauge, blue or black steel.
CAUTION: DO NOT USE A GALVANIZED PIPE.
2. Secure every pipe joint with three or more separate
metal screws to prevent accidental separation.
3. If an elbow is installed, the horizontal section of
the stove pipe should slope 1/4” per foot of run
toward the stove to allow creosote to drip into the
firebox and be burnt.
4. Always install the single wall stove pipe with the
male (crimped end) down to prevent leakage of
creosote or moisture.
5. The pipe is to be a MINIMUM OF 6” inside
diameter.
(B) IMPORTANCE OF PROPER DRAFT
Draft is the force which moves air from the appliance
up through the chimney. The amount of draft in your
chimney depends on the length of the chimney, local
geography, nearby obstructions, and other factors.
Too much draft may cause excessive temperature in
the appliance and may damage the catalytic
combuster. Inadequate draft may cause backpuffing
into the room and “plugging” of the chimney or
catalyst.
FIGURE 8
ATTACHING THE STOVE PIPE
NOTE: Inadequate draft will cause the appliance to
leak smoke into the room through appliance and
chimney connector joints.
NOTE: An uncontrollable burn or glowing red stove
part of chimney connector indicates excessive draft.
9
(C) INSTALLATION INTO MASONRY FLUE
1. Masonry flues for use with solid fuel appliances
must meet the NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION
ASSOCIATIONS CODE 211 specifications.
2. Connection to the masonry flue is made with a
masonry or terra-cotta type thimble cemented firmly
in place.
3. Material around the thimble connection must
provide adequate protection from fire. Use either 24”
or solid masonry, or an approved insulated connector.
4. Stove pipe should be inserted far enough into the
thimble to assure a good connection, but must not
extend past the flue lining.
5. Do not use more than one elbow in the stove pipe.
6. Re-check all clearances.
(D) INSTALLATION INTO FACTORY-BUILT
CHIMNEY
1. After the stove is positioned, suspend a plumb bob
over the center of the damper to determine the
chimney penetration point.
2. The Appalachian Stove must be connected ONLY
to UL listed class “HT” all-fuel burning heating
appliance chimneys. CAUTION: SOME CHIMNEYS
ARE AVAILABLE WITH UL LISTING THAT ARE
NOT CLASS “HT,” AND ARE NOT SAFE FOR USE
WITH A SOLID FUEL APPLIANCE.
3. Install the chimney following the manufacturer’s
instructions. DO NOT DEVIATE FROM THESE
INSTRUCTIONS!
4. The chimney should extend a minimum of 3 feet
from the roof structure, or 2 feet higher that the
highest point within 10 feet, whichever is greater.
This assures proper chimney function and reduces the
possibility of backdrafts.
FIGURE 9
INSTALLATION INTO MASONRY FLUE
NOTE: All installations must meet local building and
fire codes. Check with your local building officials
for assistance in getting permits, inspections and
advice.
NOTE: Use of aluminum type B gas vent for solid
fuels is unsafe and prohibited by the National Fire
Protection Association Code.
FIGURE 10
INSTALLATION INTO
FACTORY-BUILT CHIMNEY
10
IV. MOBILE HOME INSTALLATION
1. GENERAL PROCEDURES
Follow the installation instructions for a freestanding
stove, with the following changes:
(A) The structural integrity of the mobile home floor,
wall, and ceiling/roof must be maintained throughout
the installation.
(B) DO NOT install the 4N1-XL stove in a sleeping
room.
(C) Be sure to provide means for the secure installation
of the stove to the floor of the mobile home.
(D) Stove pipe used to connect the stove to the chimney
or flue MUST BE double-wall insulated pipe, or
equivalent, NOT single wall pipe.
(E) A source of external combustion air must be
provided using the optional mobile home installation kit.
2. INSTALLATION OF EXTERNAL AIR DUCT
(A) Position the pedestal on the floor protector where
the stove will be installed.
(B) Mark and cut a 3” diameter hole through the floor
protector and flooring materials for the installation of
the flexible duct.
(C) Attach the flexible duct to the air pipe opening, then
attach the pedestal to the bottom of the stove. (FIGURE
11)
(D) Proceed with the normal freestanding installation.
For further information on safe stove installation, send
for a copy of the NFPA’s publication “USING COAL
AND WOOD STOVES SAFELY,” NFPA, No. HS-81974. NFPA 470 Atlantic Avenue, Boston, MA 02210.
RESIDENTIAL CLEARANCE DIMENSIONS
Combustible Wall - Insulated Pipe
Non-Combustible Wall - Insulated Pipe
Combustible Wall - Insulated Pipe/
Heat Shield
Combustible Wall - Double Wall
Air-Cooled Pipe with Heat Shield
R
18”
12”
S
24”
12”
6”
24”
14”
18”
The 4N1-XL stove must be connected ONLY to a UL
Listed class “HT” all-fuel burning heating appliance
chimney.
11
V. INSTALLING THE BRASS TRIM
1. STANDARD BRASS
(A) SPRING DAMPER HANDLE
1. Screw the handle onto the damper rod counterclockwise.
2. OPTIONAL BRASS
(A) GOLD PLATED DOOR WEBBING/CAST WEBBING
1. For ease of installation, remove the door from the stove.
The door can be removed from its hinges with the proper
leverage.
2. The air channel can then be taken off by removing the
four screws. Remove the glass.
3. Place the webbing in the center of the opening. If the
door is cast and the webbing is brass, it may be a tight fit.
Make sure the webbing drops down completely.
NOTE: The door may also be replaced, if desired. It also
comes in the option of gold plated and cast black.
(B) BRASS TRIM PANELS
1. Mount top and side strips to trim panels with self
tapping screws, provided. Leave approximately 1” at top
edges of trim to be covered by corner brass. If needed,
strips can easily be cut with a hacksaw.
2. Mount two brass corners overlapping top and side brass
strips.
3. Remove protective coating from brass strips before use.
FIGURE 12
MOUNTING DAMPER ROD HANDLE
FIGURE 13
MOUNTING TRIM PANELS
12
VI. INSTALLING THE OPTIONAL HEAT SHIELD
1. Center the heat shield on the back of the stove.
2. Attach the heat shield to the stove using the
screws provided. Place the spacer between the heat
shield and the stove back. The screw will go
through the spacer.
FIGURE 15
INSTALLING THE HEAT SHIELD
13
VII. CATALYTIC COMBUSTORS
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
(A) TAMPER WARNING
This wood heater contains a catalytic combustor, which
needs periodic inspection and replacement for proper
operation. It is against the law to operate this wood
heater in a manner inconsistent with the operating
instructions in this manual, or if the catalytic element is
deactivated or removed.
* This catalystic heater may be equipped with a
temperature probe to monitor catalyst operation. Proper
functioning combustors typically maintain temperatures
in excess of 500 degrees F and often reach temperatures
in excess of 1000 degrees F. If catalytic temperatures are
not in excess of 500 degrees, refer to the Catalyst
Troubleshooting Guide or further information located in
this manual.
(B) MANUFACTURER AND WARRANTY
INFORMATION
The combustors supplied with this heater are Applied
Ceramics Versagrid Catalytic Converter. Consult the
catalytic combustor warranty also supplied with this
wood heater.
* To determine if the catalyst is working, compare the
amount of smoke leaving the chimney when the smoke
is going through the combustor and catalyst light-off has
been achieved to the amount of smoke leaving the
chimney when the smoke is not routed through the
combustor (bypass mode - damper open).
Warranty claims should be addressed to:
1. Light the stove in accordance with instructions given
on how to achieve catalyst light off.
2. With smoke routed through the catalyst, go outside
and observe the emissions from the chimney.
3. Engage the bypass mechanism (open the damper) and
again observe the emissions leaving the chimney.
Applied Ceramics - Warranty Department
P.O. Box 29664
Atlanta, GA 30359
(404) 448-6888
Warranty Claims MUST have the following items:
1. Warranty Claim Form
2. Dated Proof of Purchase
3. Check for proper amount (including postage and
handling)
4. APPLIED CERAMICS Catalytic Combustor
2. CATALYST MONITORING
It is important to periodically monitor the operation of
the catalytic combustor to ensure it is functioning
properly and to determine when it needs to be replaced.
A non-functioning combustor will result in a loss of
heating efficiency and an increase in creosote and
emissions.
Significantly more smoke should be seen when the
exhaust is not routed through the combustor (bypass
mode - damper open). Be careful not to confuse smoke
with steam from wet wood.
The 4N1-XL is designed to allow the owner to monitor
the catalyst temperatures. A small port is located on the
top of the stove. It is positioned to allow for
temperatures to be taken approximately 1” behind the
right catalyst. This port may be used by removing the
screw and inserting a thermocouple attached to a
monitor. The thermocouple and monitor should be
compatible and should read temperatures to
approximately 1800 degrees F. The opening in the stove
is 1/4” diameter.
Check the following items on a periodic basis:
* Visually inspect combustors at least three times during
the heating season to determine if physical degradation
has occurred. Actual removal of the combustor is not
recommended unless a more detailed inspection is
warranted because of a decrease in performance. If any
of these conditions exist, refer to the Catalyst
Troubleshooting Guide.
14
3. CATALYST TROUBLESHOOTING
The operation of any wood stove can create problems.
While the use of a catalyst equipped wood stove will
substantially lessen some of these problems, such as
creosote formation, other traditional wood stove
problems may remain. These problems are invariable
related to such conditions as draft, aging or failure of
stove components, flue installation, wood supply and
others.
Here are a few clues that may be of some assistance in
discerning problems:
A sluggish stove performance may be attributed to: a
poor chimney draft; an obstruction in the chimney; the
chimney damper being closed; closing the bypass
damper too soon; burning wet or unseasoned wood; the
combustor being plugged or obstructed, or a
combination of the above.
A drop in overall fuel efficiency may be attributed to:
having cold, windy weather; burning wet, pithy or
spongy wood; the combustor not in operational mode
(200-300 plus degrees); or the combustor being broken
or dislodged.
A high fuel consumption may be attributed to: burning
the wrong type of wood for the desired heat output;
improper regulation of draft or inlet air (close damper
after proper light off, install barometric damper set to
.06 inches of water, or close inlet air as much as
possible); cold, windy weather; or the combustor not
engaged or functioning properly.
Creosote accumulation may be caused by one or more of
the following: a poorly insulated chimney; a nonfunctioning combustor; types and amounts of wood
burned, or a leaking damper plate.
Creosote leakage from metal flue joints may be caused
by one or more of the following: no chimney cap; metal
flue assembled improperly, or a normal increase in the
moisture due to a higher efficiency of catalytic burning
(condensation on cool chimney walls).
A heavy concentration of smoke leaving the chimney
may be attributed to one or more of the following:
improper wood being burned; the damper being open,
or water vapor (on cold, still days, water vapor is often
mistaken for smoke. Water vapor appears to be white
and tends to rise vertically and dissipate rapidly while
smoke is usually bluish brown and drifts down and
settles in low areas before dissipating).
A poor draft may be attributed to these factors: an
improper chimney height; wrong size flue being used;
cooler temperatures caused by external chimney, or a
massive stone or masonry chimney.
An unhealthy combustor can be attributed to plugging,
catalyst peeling, catalyst deactivation, masking, substrate
cracking (thermal and mechanical), substrate crumbling,
color variations (does not affect performance), or
catalyst abrasion. An excellent guide to pinpointing and
correcting these problems can be found by consulting
the catalyst warranty.
Backpuffing may be attibuted to: gusts of wind; a hot
combustor (above 1400 degrees F); or opening doors in
a tightly constructed house.
Smoke rollout when the door is opened may be
attributed to: the manual flue being closed; wind gusts
blowing down the chimney; the combustor not at
operational temperature, or the stove door being opened
too quickly.
Glowing stove parts may be attributed to: running the
stove too hot (excessive amounts of wood); a high draft
(reduce when temperatures become too excessive); a
glowing combustor (this is normal during first 1/3 of
burn cycle), or a chimney fire (close inlet air and outlet
dampers completely - if this does not help, vacate home
and call the fire department immediately).
15
4. CATALYST REPLACEMENT
To replace damaged or non-functioning catalytics follow these steps:
A) Loosen the damper tab bolts with 9/16” socket to allow the damper tab to slide back. Lower the cast housing as
shown.
B) Remove the mixing plate, sealing plate and catalyst. Clean the area where the catalyst sits to remove old gasketing.
Inside the stove, check the area where the damper system was located and clean away old gasketing, if necessary.
C) Install the new catalysts. Uncanned catalysts (catalysts not in metal housing) should be wrapped with 1/16”
gasketing before installing. Locate the catalysts ½” from the front of the damper housing. Re-install the sealing.
D) New gasketing should be installed to allow for a seal between the damper housing and the firebox top. This may
be done by putting a layer of gasketing around the top where the housing is located. In both cases, the use of an
adhesive to hold the gasketing in place will make the installation easier.
E) Remount the cast housing in the back of the stove. Tighten damper tab bolts. Make sure the damper slides easily.
Use furnace cement to seal gaps between the sealing plate and the catalysts, the rod guide and the top of the firebox.
16
VIII. OPERATION
Proper operation of the 4N1-XL stove will help to
ensure safe, efficient heating. Review these operating
instructions.
1. FUEL SELECTION
The 4N1-XL is designed to burn natural wood only.
Higher efficiencies and lower emissions generally result
when burning air dried seasoned hardwoods, as
compared to softwoods or to green or freshly cut
hardwoods. DO NOT BURN THE FOLLOWING:
treated wood, coal, garbage, solvents, colored papers, or
trash. Burning these may result in the release of toxic
fumes and may poison or render the catalytic ineffective.
Burning coal, cardboard, or loose paper can produce
soot, or large flakes of char or fly ash that can coat the
combustor, causing smoke spillage into the room,
thereby rendering the combustor ineffective.
2. BUILDING AND MAINTAINING A FIRE
(A) Open the damper fully by pulling the damper
control panel all the way out.
(B) Place a base of crumpled uncolored newspaper in the
bottom of the stove. Lay pieces of kindling on top of the
newspaper and light it.
(C) As the kindling begins to burn, add several larger
pieces of wood until the fire is burning well. At this
point, regular size logs may be added.
NOTE: Until the fire is burning well, leave the draft
controls in the door fully open.
NEVER USE GASOLINE, GASOLINE TYPE
LANTERN FUEL, KEROSENE, CHARCOAL,
LIGHTER FLUID, OR SIMILAR LIQUIDS TO START
OR “FRESHEN UP” THE FIRE. KEEP ALL SUCH
LIQUIDS FAR AWAY FROM THE WOODSTOVE
WHILE IT IS IN USE.
(D) For a stove equipped with a catalytic combustor, the
damper must be fully closed after the fire is burning well.
(E) Regulate the heat output of the stove by adjusting
the draft controls to allow a larger fire and vice versa. A
short period of experimentation with the control
settings will allow you to regulate the heat output to
keep your home comfortable.
CAUTION: START UP AIR LOCATED UNDER THE
DOOR MAY ONLY BE OPENED DURING THE
BUILDING OF THE FIRE (5 MIN. MAX). DO NOT
USE DURING NORMAL OPERATION.
3. REFUELING THE STOVE
(A) Before attempting to add fuel to the stove, OPEN
the damper control fully by pulling it all the way out.
This allows the chimney to carry away the additional
smoke that occurs when the door is open.
(B) DO NOT OVERLOAD THE STOVE. Normally,
three or four logs will provide heat for several hours.
Never operate this stove where portions glow red hot.
4. ACHIEVING CATALYST LIGHT OFF FROM A
COLD START
The temperature in the stove and the gasses entering the
combustor must be raised to between 500 and 700
degrees F. for catalytic activity to be initiated. During the
startup of a cold stove, a medium to high firing rate
must be maintained for about 20 minutes. This assures
that the stove, catalyst and fuel are all stabilized at the
proper operating temperatures. Even though it is
possible to have gas temperatures reach 600 degrees F.
within two to three minutes after the fire is started, if
the fire is allowed to die down immediately, it may go
out, or the combustor may stop working. Once the
combustor starts working, heat generated by burning
smoke will keep it working.
5. ACHIEVING CATALYST LIGHT OFF WHEN
REFUELING
During the refueling and rekindling of a “charcoal
phase” fire, operate the stove at a medium or high firing
rate for about 10 minutes to ensure that the catalyst
reaches approximately 600 degrees F.
It is important to periodically monitor the operation of
the catalytic combustor to ensure that it is functioning
properly and to determine when it needs to be replaced.
A non-functioning combustor will result in a loss of
heating efficiency and an increase in creosote emissions.
CAUTION: DO NOT UNPLUG YOUR BLOWER
WHILE THE STOVE IS IN OPERATION.
CAUTION: THE ASH PAN DRAWER MUST BE
CLOSED WHEN THE STOVE IS IN OPERATION.
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IX. MAINTENANCE
There are areas of the stove and chimney system that
need periodic maintenance to ensure safe and efficient
operation.
1. ASH REMOVAL
When ashes get 3” to 4” deep in your firebox, wait until
the stove has cooled, then remove the grate at the
bottom of the heater into the ash pan below. Carefully
remove the pan. Ashes should be placed on a noncombustible floor or on the ground, away from all
combustible materials pending final disposal. The ashes
should be retained in the closed container until all
cinders have thoroughly cooled.
NOTE: For the most efficient stove operation leave a
minimum of 2” ash in the firebox at all times. This will
help maintain a hot charcoal bed.
3. CHIMNEY CARE
When wood is burned slowly, it produces tar and other
organic vapors, which combine with expelled moisture
to form creosote. The creosote vapors condense in the
relatively cool chimney flue of a slow burning fire. As a
result, creosote residue accumulates on the flue lining.
The chimney connector and chimney should be
inspected at least twice yearly during the heating season
to determine if a creosote buildup has occurred.
If creosote has accumulated, it should be removed to
reduce the risk of a chimney fire.
NOTE: Insert model stoves should be removed from the
fireplace for cleaning. Slide the stove out and place it on
a piece of cardboard or drop cloths to protect the floor.
The fireplace and throat of the chimney CANNOT be
properly cleaned with the stove in place.
NOTE: DO NOT OVERFIRE THIS HEATER.
Attempts to achieve heat output rates that exceed heater
design specifications can result in permanent damage to
the heater and to the catalytic combustor.
2. CARE OF THE GLASS
The glass supplied with your stove is designed to
withstand extremely high temperatures. However, like
any glass product, IT CAN BE BROKEN! Take care not
to bump it with a log or a poker, and be sure the wood
is entirely inside the stove before attempting to close the
door.
Periodically opening the drafts and allowing the fire to
burn brightly will help reduce the soot buildup on the
glass. The glass may be cleaned with a NON-ABRASIVE
cleaner such as a spray glass cleaner or oven cleaner.
An effective way of cleaning the glass is to dip a
dampened rag in the ashes and scrub the surface clean.
The application of a non-stick cooking spray to the inner
surface of the glass will help keep it clean.
4. STOVE FINISH
All stoves are finished with a specially formulated high
temperature paint. During the first few firings of the
stove, a slight odor of paint may be noticed. This is
normal during the curing process and the fumes are not
hazardous. If they cause irritation, crack a window or
door for a few minutes to disperse the fumes.
NOTE: Although non-toxic, the fumes MAY set off a
smoke detector located near the stove.
5. BLOWER CARE
Remove and clean the blower every four months.
Unplug the blower before removing or servicing.
TO OIL THE BLOWER:
The blower should be oiled at least two times per season
with SAE-20. The oil ports (2) are located on the
opposite ends of the center hub on the top side of the
blower (see illustration).
6. DOOR GASKET REPLACEMENT
Remove all old gasket and clean the gasket channel, if
necessary. Put high temperature silicone adhesive in the
channel and lay the gasket in so that the ends of the
gasket meet in the bottom right corner of the door back.
Press down slightly.
7. MOTOR MAINTENANCE
Use turbine oil when lubricating motor. Perform this
task every six months.
18
X. SAFETY
XI. LIMITED WARRANTY
1. If you plan to use an existing chimney with your stove,
inspect it thoroughly to be sure it is sound and clean.
Advise your insurance company to be sure your policy
covers the use of a wood stove.
2. Be sure that firewood, furniture or other combustible
materials are stored a safe distance from the stove.
3. Use smoke detectors near the stove as well as other
areas of the home.
4. NEVER USE FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS TO START
OR “FRESHEN UP” THE FIRE.
5. Periodically inspect the chimney for deterioration and
creosote buildup. Clean it regularly to reduce the
chances of a chimney fire.
6. Keep a fire extinguisher rated for class A fires near the
stove. The dry chemical type is recommended, as liquid
types can cause problems if sprayed onto a hot stove. BE
SURE EVERY MEMBER OF THE FAMILY KNOWS
WHERE THE EXTINGUISHER IS AND HOW TO
USE IT!
7. Use of a chimney cap with an approved spark arrestor
is recommended.
8. Use caution when loading or working around the
stove to prevent burns.
9. Make sure the ash pan drawer is closed when the
stove is in operation.
The Appalachian Stove is warrantied to be free of defects in
materials and workmanship for a period of five years from the
date of purchase when used in accordance with the
recommendations of the manufacturer, with the following
exceptions: electrical, limited to the warranties offered by those
respective manufacturers (1 yr.); glass, refractory, firebrick,
andirons and decorative trim have no warranty.
WARNING: THE INSTALLATION OF THIS STOVE
MUST COMPLY WITH STATE AND LOCAL
REQUIREMENTS AND BE INSPECTED BY THE
STATE OR LOCAL INSPECTOR, IF REQUIRED.
Defective parts will be repaired or replaced at the
manufacturer’s option. Parts which are returned to Appalachian
Stove and Fabricators, Inc. within 30 days of purchase and
found to be defective on inspection will be replaced without
charge for the new part. After 30 days, parts covered by the
warranty will be repaired or replaced free with the exception of
freight charges which become the responsibility of the
purchaser. All replacement parts are shipped F.O.B. factory
(freight collect). This warranty does not cover damage caused
by alteration, repairs, abuse, tampering, or improper operation
of this unit. It does not cover damage from handling or acts of
God.
This warranty is in lieu of all other warranties expressed,
implied or statutory, and the manufacturer expressly excludes
any implied warranty of fitness for a particular purpose or an
implied warranty of merchantability, and all other obligations or
liabilities of the manufacturer who neither assumes nor
authorizes any person to assume for it any other obligations or
liability in connection with its products. In addition, the
manufacturer shall be held free and harmless from liability from
damage to property or injury to persons related to the operation,
proper or improper use of the equipment. This warranty
applies only to the original purchaser. THERE ARE NO
WARRANTIES THAT EXTEND BEYOND THE
DESCRIPTION ON THE FACE HEREOF.
All claims made by the purchaser under this warranty should be
directed through the dealer from whom the unit was purchased.
If the dealer cannot be contacted after reasonable effort, claims
may be placed with Appalachian Stove and Fabricators, Inc.
Stove Model: _________________________________
Serial #: ________________________________
APPALACHIAN STOVE & FABRICATORS, INC.
329 EMMA ROAD
ASHEVILLE, NC 28806
Phone: (828) 253-0164
Fax: (828) 254-7803
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