User Manual
QNAP Turbo NAS
Software User Manual
(Version: 4.1)
This manual is applicable to the following Turbo NAS models: TS-110, TS-112, TS-112P, TS-119,
TS-119P+, TS-119P II, TS-120, TS-121, TS-210, TS-212, TS-212-E, TS-212P, TS-219, TS-219P,
TS-219P+, TS-219P II, TS-220, TS-221, TS-239 Pro, TS-239 Pro II, TS-239 Pro II+, TS-259 Pro,
TS-259 Pro+, TS-410, TS-410U, TS-412, TS-412U, TS-419P, TS-419P+, TS-419P II, TS-419U,
TS-419U+, TS-419U II, TS-420, TS-420U, TS-421, TS-421U, TS-439 Pro, TS-439 Pro II, TS-439
Pro II+, TS-439U-RP/SP, TS-459 Pro, TS-459 Pro II, TS-459 Pro+, TS-459U-RP/SP,
TS-459U-RP+/SP+, TS-509 Pro, TS-559 Pro, TS-559 Pro+, TS-559 Pro II, TS-639 Pro, TS-659
Pro, TS-659 Pro+, TS-659 Pro II, TS-809 Pro, TS-809U-RP, TS-859 Pro, TS-859U-RP+, TS-859
Pro+, TS-859U-RP, SS-439 Pro, SS-839 Pro, HS-210.
© 2014 QNAP Systems, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Table of Contents
................................................................................................................5
1. Notice
1.1..............................................................................................................
Legal Notice and Disclaimer
6
1.2..............................................................................................................
Regulatory Notice
8
1.3
..............................................................................................................
Document Annotation
12
1.4
..............................................................................................................
Safety Information and Precautions
13
................................................................................................................14
2. Getting
Started
2.1
..............................................................................................................
Hardware Installation
15
2.1.1
................................................................................................................................
Hard Disk Drive Compatibility List
16
2.1.2
................................................................................................................................
Checking System Status
17
2.2
..............................................................................................................
Software Installation
21
2.2.1
................................................................................................................................
Online Installation
22
2.2.2
................................................................................................................................
Cloud Installation
23
2.2.3
................................................................................................................................
CD Installation
24
2.3
..............................................................................................................
Getting Utilities
25
2.4
..............................................................................................................
Connecting to NAS Shared Folders
26
2.4.1
................................................................................................................................
Windows
27
2.4.2
................................................................................................................................
Mac or Linux
28
2.5
..............................................................................................................
Connecting to NAS by Web Browser
29
2.6
..............................................................................................................
Migrating from Old NAS
30
................................................................................................................36
3. QTS
Basics and Desktop
3.1
..............................................................................................................
Introducing QTS
37
3.2
..............................................................................................................
Using QTS Desktop
39
................................................................................................................44
4. System
Settings
4.1
..............................................................................................................
General Settings
45
4.2
..............................................................................................................
Storage Manager
48
4.2.1
................................................................................................................................
Volume Management
49
4.2.2
................................................................................................................................
RAID Management
51
4.2.3
................................................................................................................................
Hard Disk S.M.A.R.T
64
4.2.4
................................................................................................................................
Encrypted File System
65
4.2.5
................................................................................................................................
iSCSI
69
4.2.5.1
Portal Management
........................................................................................................................
70
4.2.5.2
Target Management
........................................................................................................................
73
4.2.5.3
Advanced AC L
........................................................................................................................
80
4.2.5.4
LUN Backup
........................................................................................................................
81
4.2.6
................................................................................................................................
Virtual Disk
84
4.3
..............................................................................................................
Network
86
4.4
..............................................................................................................
Security
97
2
4.5
..............................................................................................................
Hardware
99
..............................................................................................................
4.6
Power
102
..............................................................................................................
4.7
Notification
104
..............................................................................................................
4.8
Firmware Update
106
..............................................................................................................
4.9
Backup/Restore
108
..............................................................................................................
4.10
External Device
110
4.10.1
................................................................................................................................
External Storage
111
4.10.2
................................................................................................................................
USB Printer
114
4.10.2.1
Windows 7
........................................................................................................................
116
4.10.2.2
Windows XP
........................................................................................................................
117
4.10.2.3
Mac OS 10.6
........................................................................................................................
118
4.10.2.4
Mac OS 10.5
........................................................................................................................
119
4.10.2.5
Mac OS 10.4
........................................................................................................................
120
4.10.2.6
Linux (Ubuntu 10.10)
........................................................................................................................
121
4.10.3
................................................................................................................................
UPS
122
..............................................................................................................
4.11
System Status
125
..............................................................................................................
4.12
System Logs
127
5.................................................................................................................130
Privilege Settings
..............................................................................................................
5.1
Users
131
..............................................................................................................
5.2
User Groups
135
..............................................................................................................
5.3
Shared Folders
136
..............................................................................................................
5.4
Quota
145
..............................................................................................................
5.5
Domain Security
146
5.5.1
................................................................................................................................
Joining NAS to Active Directory (Windows Server 2003/2008/2012)
147
5.5.2
................................................................................................................................
Connecting NAS to an LDAP Directory
150
6.................................................................................................................154
Network Services
..............................................................................................................
6.1
Win/Mac/NFS
155
..............................................................................................................
6.2
FTP
159
..............................................................................................................
6.3
Telnet/SSH
161
..............................................................................................................
6.4
SNMP Settings
162
..............................................................................................................
6.5
Service Discovery
164
..............................................................................................................
6.6
Network Recycle Bin
165
..............................................................................................................
6.7
Qsync
167
7.................................................................................................................176
Applications
..............................................................................................................
7.1
Station Manager
177
..............................................................................................................
7.2
iTunes Server
180
..............................................................................................................
7.3
DLNA Media Server
181
..............................................................................................................
7.4
Multimedia Management
183
..............................................................................................................
7.5
Transcode Management
185
..............................................................................................................
7.6
Web Server
187
3
7.6.1
................................................................................................................................
Virtual Host
191
..............................................................................................................
7.7
LDAP Server
193
..............................................................................................................
7.8
VPN Service
195
..............................................................................................................
7.9
MySQL Server
199
..............................................................................................................
7.10
Syslog Server
201
..............................................................................................................
7.11
Antivirus
204
..............................................................................................................
7.12
RADIUS Server
208
..............................................................................................................
7.13
TFTP Server
210
8.................................................................................................................212
QNAP Applications
..............................................................................................................
8.1
Backup Station
213
8.1.1
................................................................................................................................
Backup Server
214
8.1.2
................................................................................................................................
Remote Replication
216
8.1.3
................................................................................................................................
Cloud Backup
223
8.1.4
................................................................................................................................
External Backup
225
..............................................................................................................
8.2
myQNAPcloud Service
230
..............................................................................................................
8.3
File Station
234
..............................................................................................................
8.4
Video Station
243
..............................................................................................................
8.5
Photo Station
252
..............................................................................................................
8.6
Music Station
264
..............................................................................................................
8.7
Download Station
271
..............................................................................................................
8.8
HD Station
279
..............................................................................................................
8.9
Surveillance Station
289
..............................................................................................................
8.10
App Center
293
9.................................................................................................................296
Use the LCD Panel
................................................................................................................302
10.
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
4
1. Notice
Legal Notice and Disclaimer
Regulatory Notice
6
8
Document Annotation
12
Safety Information and Precautions
13
5
1.1 Legal Notice and Disclaimer
Thank you for choosing QNAP products! This user manual provides detailed instructions
of using the Turbo NAS (network-attached storage). Please read carefully and start to
enjoy the powerful functions of the Turbo NAS!
The Turbo NAS is hereafter referred to as the NAS.
This manual provides the description of all the functions of the Turbo NAS. The
product you purchased may not support certain functions dedicated to specific
models.
Le ga l Notic e s
All the features, functionality, and other product specifications are subject to change
without prior notice or obligation. Information contained herein is subject to change
without notice.
QNAP and the QNAP logo are trademarks of QNAP Systems, Inc. All other brands and
product names referred to are trademarks of their respective holders.
Further, the ® or ™ symbols are not used in the text.
Disc la im e r
Information in this document is provided in connection with QNAP® products. No license,
express or implied, by estoppels or otherwise, to any intellectual property rights is
granted by this document. Except as provided in QNAP's terms and conditions of sale for
such products, QNAP Assumes no liability whatsoever, and QNAP disclaims any express or
implied warranty, relating to sale and/or use of QNAP products including liability or
warranties relating to fitness for a particular purpose, merchantability, or infringement of
any patent, copyright or other intellectual property right.
QNAP products are not intended for use in medical, life saving, life sustaining, critical
control or safety systems, or in nuclear facility applications.
In no event shall QNAP Systems, Inc. (QNAP) liability exceed the price paid for the
product from direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages resulting from
the use of the product, its accompanying software, or its documentation. QNAP makes
no warranty or representation, expressed, implied, or statutory, with respect to its
products or the contents or use of this documentation and all accompanying software,
6
and specifically disclaims its quality, performance, merchantability, or fitness for any
particular purpose. QNAP reserves the right to revise or update its products, software, or
documentation without obligation to notify any individual or entity.
Back up the system periodically to avoid any potential data loss. QNAP disclaims any
responsibility of all sorts of data loss or recovery.
Should you return any components of the NAS package for refund or maintenance, make
sure they are carefully packed for shipping. Any form of damages due to improper
packaging will not be compensated.
QNAP, QNAP logo, QTS, myQNAPcloud and VioStor are trademarks or registered
trademarks of QNAP Systems, Inc. or its subsidiaries. Other names and brands may be
claimed as the property of others.
7
1.2 Regulatory Notice
F C C Notic e
QNAP NAS comply with different FCC compliance classes. Please refer the Appendix for
details. Once the class of the device is determined, refer to the following corresponding
statement.
F C C C la ss A Notic e
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a
commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio
frequency energy, and if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction
manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this
equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference, in which case the
user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.
Modifications: Any modifications made to this device that are not approved by QNAP
Systems, Inc. may void the authority granted to the user by the FCC to operate this
equipment.
F C C C la ss B Notic e
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
8
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the
user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following
measures:
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/television technician for help.
Modifications: Any modifications made to this device that are not approved by QNAP
Systems, Inc. may void the authority granted to the user by the FCC to operate this
equipment.
C E Notic e
QNAP Turbo NAS models comply with different CE compliance classes. Please refer to the
table below for details.
NAS Mode ls
FCC
CE
TS-EC1679U-RP
Class A
Class A
TS-EC1279U-RP
Class A
Class A
TS-EC879U-RP
Class A
Class A
TS-1679U-RP
Class A
Class A
TS-1279U-RP
Class A
Class A
TS-879U-RP
Class A
Class A
TS-1270U-RP
Class A
Class A
TS-879U-RP
Class A
Class A
TS-1269U-RP
Class A
Class A
TS-869U-RP
Class A
Class A
TS-469U-RP/SP
Class A
Class A
9
TS-419U II
Class A
Class A
TS-412U
Class A
Class A
TS-420U
Class A
Class A
TS-421U
Class A
Class A
TS-1079 Pro
Class A
Class A
TS-879 Pro
Class A
Class A
TS-869 Pro
Class B
Class B
TS-669 Pro
Class B
Class B
TS-569 Pro
Class B
Class B
TS-469 Pro
Class B
Class B
TS-269 Pro
Class B
Class B
TS-869L
Class B
Class B
TS-669L
Class B
Class B
TS-569L
Class B
Class B
TS-469L
Class B
Class B
TS-269L
Class B
Class B
TS-419P II
Class B
Class B
TS-219P II
Class B
Class B
TS-119P II
Class B
Class B
TS-412
Class B
Class B
TS-212
Class B
Class B
TS-112
Class B
Class B
TS-120
Class B
Class B
TS-220
Class B
Class B
TS-420
Class B
Class B
TS-121
Class B
Class B
10
TS-221
Class B
Class B
TS-421
Class B
Class B
11
1.3 Document Annotation
Annotations in this document
W a rning: This indicates the instructions must be strictly followed. Failure to do so
could result in injury to human body or death.
C a ution: This indicates the action may lead to disk clearance or loss OR failure to
follow the instructions could result in data damage, disk damage, or product
damage.
Im porta nt: This indicates the information provided is important or related to legal
regulations.
12
1.4 Safety Information and Precautions
1. The NAS can operate normally in the temperature of 0ºC–40ºC and relative humidity
of 0%–95%. Please make sure the environment is well-ventilated.
2. The power cord and devices connected to the NAS must provide correct supply
voltage (100W, 90–264V).
3. Do not place the NAS in direct sunlight or near chemicals. Make sure the
temperature and humidity of the environment are in optimized level.
4. Unplug the power cord and all the connected cables before cleaning. Wipe the NAS
with a dry towel. Do not use chemical or aerosol to clean the NAS.
5. Do not place any objects on the NAS during normal system operations and to avoid
overheat.
6. Use the flat head screws in the product package to lock the hard disk drives in the
NAS when installing the hard drives for proper operation.
7. Do not place the NAS near any liquid.
8. Do not place the NAS on any uneven surface to avoid falling off and damage.
9. Make sure the voltage is correct in your location when using the NAS. If unsure,
please contact the distributor or the local power supply company.
10.Do not place any object on the power cord.
11.Do not attempt to repair the NAS in any occasions. Improper disassembly of the
product may expose you to electric shock or other risks. For any enquiries, please
contact the distributor.
12.The chassis (also known as rack mount) NAS models should only be installed in the
server room and maintained by the authorized server manager or IT administrator.
The server room is locked by key or keycard access and only certified staff is
allowed to enter the server room.
W a rning:
Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. Re pla c e only with the
sa m e or e quiv a le nt ty pe re c om m e nde d by the m a nufa c ture r. Dispose of
used batteries according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
Do NO T touc h the fa n inside the sy ste m to avoid serious injuries.
13
2. Getting Started
New NAS users are advised to follow the steps below one by one to complete their NAS
installation. For users who already own a QNAP NAS and would like to move the data to a
new QNAP NAS, please refer to Migrating from Old NAS
For New NAS Users:
1. Hardware Installation
15
2. Software Installation
21
3. Getting Utilities
25
4. Connecting to the Shared Folders
26
5. Connecting to the NAS by Web Browser
29
For Existing NAS Users:
Migrating from Old NAS
30
14
30
for detailed instructions.
2.1 Hardware Installation
After unpacking the NAS from the package, please first follow the instructions below to
install your hardware:
1. Install the hard drives. Please also make sure that the hard drives (HDDs) that you
use are compatible with the NAS. Go to the Hard Disk Drive Compatibility List
16
section for more details.
2. Connect the QNAP NAS to the same network as your PC and power it on. During
your installation process, please pay attention to LEDs and alarm buzzers to make
sure that the NAS functions properly. Go to the Checking System Status
17
section
for details.
Note : The steps above are also illustrated in the Quick Installation Guide (QIG) that
can be found in the product package or QNAP website (http://start.qnap.com).
15
2.1.1 Hard Disk Drive Compatibility List
This product works with 2.5-inch and 3.5-inch SATA hard disk drives and/or solid-state
drives (SSD) from major hard drive brands. For the compatible hard disks, please check
the compatibility list on QNAP website (http://www.qnap.com/compatibility).
Note : If you encounter the "Device not found" message on screen, please make
sure:
1. Your NAS has been powered on;
2. The network cable is connected to the NAS and the orange and green indicator
lights on its LAN port(s) are blinking; and
3. The cloud key is correct.
Im porta nt: QNAP disclaims any responsibility for product damage/malfunction or
data loss/recovery due to misuse or improper installation of hard disks in any
occasions for any reasons.
C a ution: Note that if y ou insta ll a ha rd driv e (ne w or use d) whic h ha s ne v e r
be e n insta lle d on the NAS be fore , the ha rd driv e will be form a tte d a nd
pa rtitione d a utom a tic a lly a nd a ll the disk da ta will be c le a re d.
16
2.1.2 Checking System Status
LED Displa y & Sy ste m Sta tus O v e rv ie w
LED
C olor
LED Sta tus
De sc ription
1) The hard disk drive on the NAS is being
formatted.
Flashes green
2) The NAS is being initialized.
and red
3) The system firmware is being updated.
alternately every
4) RAID rebuilding is in process.
0.5 sec
5) Online RAID capacity expansion is in
process.
6) Online RAID level migration is in process.
1) The hard disk drive is invalid.
2) The disk volume has reached its full
capacity.
3) The disk volume is going to be full.
4) The system fan is out of function (TS119 does not support smart fan).
5) An error occurs when accessing (read/
System
Red/
Status
Green
Red
write) the disk data.
6) A bad sector is detected on the hard
disk drive.
7) The NAS is in degraded read-only mode
(2 member hard drives fail in a RAID 5 or
RAID 6 configuration, the disk data can
still be read).
8) (Hardware self-test error).
Flashes red every
0.5 sec
The NAS is in degraded mode (one member
hard drive fails in RAID 1, RAID 5 or RAID 6
configuration).
Flashes green
every 0.5 sec
1) The NAS is starting up.
2) The NAS is not configured.
3) The hard disk drive is not formatted.
Flashes green
The NAS is in S3 Sleep Mode.
every 2 sec
17
LED
C olor
LED Sta tus
De sc ription
Green
The NAS is ready.
Off
All the hard disk drives on the NAS are in
standby mode.
Power1
LAN
Flashes green
The NAS is booting up.
Green
The NAS is on and ready.
Green
Orang
Orange
network.
e
Flashes orange
Green
10
GbE*
The disk data is being accessed from the
The NAS is connected to the network.
The 10GbE network expansion card is
installed.
Green
Off
No 10GbE network expansion card is
installed.
Flashes red
The NAS is being accessed from the
network.
HDD
Red/
Red
A hard drive read/write error occurs.
Flashes green
The disk data is being accessed.
Green
The hard drive can be accessed.
Green
1) A USB device (connected to front USB
port) is being detected.
2) A USB device (connected to front USB
Flashes blue
every 0.5 sec
port) is being removed from the NAS.
3) The USB device (connected to the front
USB port) is being accessed.
4) The data is being copied to or from the
USB
Blue
external USB or eSATA device.
Blue
A front USB device is detected (after the
device is mounted).
Off
1) No USB device is detected.
18
LED
C olor
LED Sta tus
De sc ription
2) The NAS has finished copying the data
to or from the USB device connected to
the front USB port of the NAS.
eSATA*
Orang
Flashes
The eSATA device is being accessed.
*
e
Off
No eSATA device can be detected.
*The 10 GbE network expansion function is only supported by the TS-470 Pro, TS-670
Pro, TS-870 Pro, TS-870U-RP, TS-879 Pro, TS-1079 Pro, TS-879U-RP, TS-1270U-RP,
TS-1279U-RP, TS-EC879U-RP, and TS-EC1279U-RP.
**TS-210, TS-212, TS-219, TS-439U-SP/RP, TS-809 Pro, TS-809U-RP do not support
eSATA port.
1
The power LED is only available on certain models.
Ala rm B uzze r
The alarm buzzer can be disabled in "Control Panel" > "System Settings" > "Hardware" > "
Buzzer".
B e e p sound
No. of
De sc ription
Tim e s
Short beep
1
(0.5 sec)
1) The NAS is starting up.
2) The NAS is being shut down (software
shutdown).
3) The user presses the reset button to reset the
NAS.
4) The system firmware has been updated.
Short beep
3
(0.5 sec)
The NAS data cannot be copied to the external
storage device from the front USB port.
Short beep
3, every 5
The system fan is out of function (TS-119 does not
(0.5 sec),
min
support smart fan).
long beep
(1.5 sec)
19
Long beep
2
(1.5 sec)
1) The disk volume is going to be full.
2) The disk volume has reached its full capacity.
3) The hard disk drives on the NAS are in degraded
mode.
4) The user starts hard drive rebuilding.
1
1) The NAS is turned off by force shutdown
(hardware shutdown).
2) The NAS has been turned on and is ready.
20
2.2 Software Installation
After installing the NAS hardware, proceed to software installation. There are three
approaches for software installation:
1. Online Installation
2. Cloud Installation
3. CD Installation
22
23
24
Online installation and cloud installation are available for all new NAS models, while CD
installation is only for certain models (please check your package content and see if the
installation CD is available.) All users are encouraged to use cloud and online installation
if possible. For all problems encountered in the installation process, please contact our
technical support department (http://www.qnap.com/support.)
21
2.2.1 Online Installation
Follow the steps in this section to complete online installation for your NAS:
1. Go to http://start.qnap.com and click "Start Now".
2. Choose the number of HDD bays and the model of your NAS and click "Next".
3. Connect the network and power cables of your NAS, turn on the Turbo NAS and
click "Next".
4. Click the operating system your computer is running on.
5. Click "Get Qfinder" to download the QNAP Qfinder utility (For Mac users, please skip
to Step 19.)
6. Launch the QNAP Qfinder installer from your computer and click "Next".
7. Read the license agreement, check "I accept the terms of the License Agreement,"
and click "Next".
8. Click "Next".
9. Click "Install".
10.Click "Finish".
11.Launch the QNAP Qfinder from your desktop.
12.The Quick Setup Wizard will be launched automatically. Please confirm that the IP
address shown up on the dialog window matches the Turbo NAS you are trying to
configure (please check the MAC address from the QNAP Qfinder and its
corresponding IP address.) Click "Yes" to configure your Turbo NAS.
13.Click "Quick Setup".
14.Install a hard drive on your Turbo NAS if you have not already done so and click
"Detect Again".
15.Confirm the setup details and click "Next".
16.The wizard will proceed to finish the installation process.
17.Click "Finish" to complete the installation process and open the NAS login page.
18.Key in the user ID and password entered in the "Confirm the setup information"
page.
19.Click "Get Qfinder" to download the QNAP Qfinder utility (Steps 19 to 23 are for Mac
users.)
20.Install the QNAP Qfinder.
21.Execute the QNAP Qfinder and connect to the NAS.
22.Start the Web Installation step.
23.Key in the user ID and password entered in the "Confirm the setup information"
page.
22
2.2.2 Cloud Installation
Follow the steps in this section to complete cloud installation for your NAS:
1. Connect your NAS to the Internet, and on your PC, go to "start.qnap.com" and click
"Cloud Installation". Alternatively, you may scan the QR code using your mobile
phone to start cloud installation.
2. Enter the cloud key (cloud key can be found from the sticker on top of your QNAP
NAS) and click "Enter". Before proceeding to Step 4, please be sure to activate your
myQNAPcloud account after your account registration is confirmed (an email will be
sent to the email address provided to create your myQNAPcloud account, and the
account activation link will be included in that email.) For details, please refer to the
chapter on myQNAPcloud Service 230 in this manual.
3. Fill out all fields to register your myQNAPcloud account or sign in your myQNAPcloud
account. check "I agree to myQNAPcloud Terms of Use and QNAP Privacy Policy"
and click "Next Step". If you already have a myQNAPcloud account, please select
"Sign in myQNAPcloud account" and login with your account credentials.
4. Type in the name of your Turbo NAS to register it and click "Register".
5. Install a hard drive on your Turbo NAS if you have not already done so.
6. Click "Begin" to install firmware on your Turbo NAS.
7. Click "Start" to start the quick setup.
8. Confirm all details and click "Proceed".
9. Follow the onscreen instructions.
10.Click "Connect and Login QTS".
11.Key in the user ID and password to login your Turbo NAS.
Note : If you encounter the "Device not found" message on screen, please make
sure:
1. Your NAS has been powered on;
2. the network cable is connected to the NAS and the orange and green indicator
lights on its LAN port(s) are blinking; and
3. The cloud key is correct.
23
2.2.3 CD Installation
Follow the steps in this section to complete CD installation for your NAS:
1. Install the QNAP Qfinder from the product CD-ROM.
2. Run the QNAP Qfinder. If the QNAP Qfinder is blocked by your firewall, unblock the
utility.
3. Follow the steps outlined in the Online Installation
22
section and finish the
installation process.
Note :
Some new NAS models, such as TS-x12, TS-x20 and TS-x21, no longer have the
installation CD included.
The default login ID and password of the NAS are both admin.
24
2.3 Getting Utilities
QNAP has prepared a number of practical and useful utilities to enhance your NAS
experiences. After setting up your NAS, please choose from the following two methods to
install the utilities:
Me thod 1: Downloa ding from the Q NAP we bsite
Type http://www.qnap.com/ in your browser, go to "Features" > "For Home" ("For
Business" if you are business users). Scroll down to the bottom of the screen and click "
Utilities". Choose to download and install utilities on your PC.
Me thod 2: Insta lling from the produc t C D- RO M
The product CD-ROM contains software utilities QNAP Qfinder, myQNAPcloud Connect,
NetBak Replicator, and QGet.
Browse the CD-ROM and access the following contents:
Quick Installation Guide: View the hardware installation instructions of the NAS.
Install QNAP Qfinder: The setup program of the QNAP Qfinder (for Windows OS.)
Install myQNAPcloud Connect: The setup program of the myQNAPcloud Connect (for
Windows OS.)
Install NetBak Replicator: The setup program of NetBak Replicator (Windows utility
for data backup from Windows OS to the QNAP NAS.)
Install QGet: The setup program of the QGet download utility (for Windows OS.)
User Manual and Application Notes: Software user manuals, and hardware manual of
the Turbo NAS.
25
2.4 Connecting to NAS Shared Folders
After hardware and software installation, it is time to connect to the shared folders on
the NAS. Refer to the links below for the connection setup:
Connecting to NAS shared folders in Windows
27
Connecting to NAS shared folders in Mac or Linux
26
28
2.4.1 Windows
For Windows operating systems, there are two methods to connect to shared folders of
the NAS:
Method 1: Connect to the shared folders of the NAS by using the QNAP Qfinder
1. Launch the QNAP Qfinder. Select the NAS detected and then click "Tool" > "Map
Network Drive".
2. Select a shared folder on the NAS to be mapped as a network drive and click "Map
Network Drive".
3. Enter the username and password to connect to the NAS and click "OK".
4. Select a drive in the OS to map the folder chosen in Step 2 and click "Finish".
5. The mapped folder will appear when opening the File Explorer in Windows.
Note : Alternatively, you can use the Storage Plug & Connect Wizard to connect NAS
shared folders. The steps:
1. Launch the QNAP Qfinder;
2. Select Storage Plug & Connect under Connect;
3. Check Login with username and password" and enter username and password;
4. Click a NAS shared folder; and
5. Click "Map the Network Drive" on top of the screen.
Method 2: Connect to the shared folders of the NAS by using My Network Places
or Run
1. Open My Network Places and find the workgroup of the NAS. If the NAS cannot be
found, browse the whole network to search for the NAS. Double click the name of
the NAS for connection, or use the Run function in Windows. Enter \\NAS_name or \
\NAS_IP.
2. Enter the default administrator name and password (default administrator name:
admin; default password: admin).
3. Upload files to the shared folders.
27
2.4.2 Mac or Linux
Ma c Use rs
There are two methods to connect shared folders on a NAS:
Method 1: Using QNAP Qfinder
1. Launch the QNAP Qfinder, select the NAS you would like to connect to, and go to
"Connect" > "Open in File Explorer".
2. Enter your login ID and password.
3. Select the folder you want to mount and click "OK".
4. The folder is mounted.
Method 2: Connecting to Server
1. Choose "Go" > "Connect to Server".
2. Enter the NAS IP address.
3. Enter your login ID and password.
4. Select the folder you want to mount and click "OK".
5. The folder is mounted.
Linux Use rs
On Linux, run the following command:
m ount - t nfs <NAS IP>:/<Sha re d F olde r Na m e > <Dire c tory to Mount>
For example, if the IP address of the NAS is 192.168.0.1, to connect to the shared folder
"public" under the /mnt/pub directory, use the following command:
m ount - t nfs 192.168.0.1:/public /m nt/pub
Log into the NAS with the specified user ID, use the mounted directory to connect to
the shared folders.
Note : You must login as the "root" user to initiate the above command.
28
2.5 Connecting to NAS by Web Browser
To connect to the NAS by a web browser, follow the steps below:
1. Enter http://NAS IP:8080 in the web browser. Or, use the QNAP Qfinder to find the
NAS, double click the NAS name, and the NAS login page will open.
Note : The default NAS IP is 169.254.100.100:8080. If the NAS has been configured
to use DHCP, you can use the QNAP Qfinder to check the IP address of the NAS.
Make sure the NAS and the computer that runs the QNAP Qfinder are connected to
the same subnet. If the NAS cannot be found, connect the NAS to the computer
directly and run the QNAP Qfinder again.
2. Enter the administrator name and password. Turn on the option "Secure
login" (Secure Sockets Layer login) to allow secure connection to the NAS. If a user
without administration right login the NAS, the user can only change the login
password (default administrator name: admin; default password: admin).
Note : If the NAS is behind an NAT gateway, to connect to the NAS by secure login
on the Internet, the port 443 must be opened on the NAT router and forwarded to
the LAN IP of the NAS.
3. The NAS Desktop will show up.
29
2.6 Migrating from Old NAS
Users can migrate their QNAP NAS to another Turbo NAS model with all the data and
configuration retained by simply installing the hard drives of the original (source) NAS on
the new (destination) NAS according to its original hard drive order and restart the NAS.
Due to different hardware design, the NAS will automatically check if a firmware update
is required before system migration. After the migration has finished, all the settings and
data will be kept and applied to the new NAS. However, the system settings of the
source NAS cannot be imported to the destination NAS via "System Administration" >
"Backup/Restore Settings". Configure the NAS again if the settings were lost.
The NAS models which support system migration are listed below.
Sourc e NAS
De stina tion NAS
Dire c t
Migra tio
F irm wa
Mode l
re
F irm wa
Mode l
re
V e rsion
V e rsion
n
Support
ed
F irm wa
re
Upgra d
e
Re quire
d
TS-x10, TSx19, TS-x12
TS-x39, TS509, TS-809,
TS-809U, SSx39
TS-x39, TSTS-x10, TS-
3.8
509, TS-809,
3.8
x19, TS-x12
4.0.2
SS-x39, TS-
4.0.2
4.0.5
x59, TS-x59U,
4.0.5
TS-x69, TSx69U, TS-x70,
TS-x70U, TSx79, TS-x79U
TS-x51
TS-x69, TSx70, TS-x79
30
Yes
No
TS-x10, TS-
Yes
x19, TS-x12
TS-x39, TS509, TS-809,
TS-809U, SSx39
TS-x39, TS509, TS-809,
TS-809U, SSx39
TS-x39, TS3.8
509, TS-809,
3.8
4.0.2
SS-x39, TS-
4.0.2
4.0.5
x59, TS-x59U,
4.0.5
Yes
No
TS-x69, TSx69U, TS-x70,
TS-x70U, TSx79, TS-x79U
TS-x51
TS-x69, TSx70, TS-x79
TS-x10, TSx19, TS-x12
Yes
TS-x39, TS509, TS-809,
TS-x39, TS-
TS-809U, SS-
509, TS-809,
SS-x39, TSx59, TS-x59U,
TS-x69, TSx69U, TS-x70,
x39
3.8
TS-x39, TS-
3.8
4.0.2
509, TS-809,
4.0.2
4.0.5
SS-x39, TS-
4.0.5
TS-x70U, TS-
x59, TS-x59U,
x79, TS-x79U
TS-x69, TSx69U, TS-x70,
TS-x70U, TSx79, TS-x79U
TS-x51
31
Yes
No
TS-x69, TSx70, TS-x79
TS-x10, TSx19, TS-x12
TS-x39, TS509, TS-809,
TS-809U, SSx39
No
TS-x39, TS-
TS-x51
4.1.x
509, TS-809,
3.8
SS-x39, TS-
4.0.2
x59, TS-x59U,
4.0.5
No
TS-x69, TSx69U, TS-x70,
TS-x70U, TSx79, TS-x79U
TS-x51
Yes
TS-x69, TSx70, TS-x79
TS-x10, TSx19, TS-x12
TS-x39, TS509, TS-809,
TS-809U, SSTS-x69, TSx70, TS-x79
x39
3.8
4.0.2
3.8
TS-x39, TS-
4.0.2
509, TS-809,
4.0.5
SS-x39, TSx59, TS-x59U,
TS-x69, TSx69U, TS-x70,
TS-x70U, TSx79, TS-x79U
32
Yes
No
TS-x51
TS-x69, TSx70, TS-x79
TS-x10, TSx19, TS-x12
TS-x39, TS509, TS-809,
TS-809U, SSx39
4.0.5
3.8
TS-x39, TS-
4.0.2
509, TS-809,
4.0.5
No
No
SS-x39, TSx59, TS-x59U,
TS-x69, TSx69U, TS-x70,
TS-x70U, TSx79, TS-x79U
TS-x51
4.1.x
TS-x69, TS-
4.0.5
Yes
x70, TS-x79
*For NAS models that do not support direct migration in the table above, please first
initialize the destination NAS and copy your data from the source NAS to the destination
NAS (please refer to the chapter on RTRR or Rsync
216
for details on data backup and
replication.)
Note:
The destination NAS should contain enough drive bays to house the hard drives of
the source NAS.
Users are encouraged to use only HDDs that are compatible with the QNAP NAS
before system migration, or data may be inaccessible. For the compatibility list,
please refer to http://www.qnap.com/compatibility.
SS-x39 and SS-469 Pro series support only 2.5-inch hard disk drives.
33
A NAS with encrypted disk volume cannot be migrated to a NAS which does not
support file system encryption. File system encryption is not supported by TS110, TS-119, TS-210, HS-210, TS-219, TS-219P, TS-x20, TS-x21, TS-410, TS419P, TS-410U, TS-419U, TS-119P+, TS-219P+, TS-419P+, TS-112, TS-212, TS412, TS-419U+, TS-412U, TS-420U and TS-421U.
The Multimedia Station, Download Station, iTunes Server, and DLNA Media Server
features will be removed after migrating the non-TS-x79 models to the TS-x70U/
TS-x79 models. The shared folders Multimedia/Qmultimedia, Download/Qdownload
and all the downloaded files will be kept.
The registered myQNAPcloud name on the source NAS will not be moved to the
destination NAS after system migration. To use the same myQNAPcloud name on
the destination NAS, change the myQNAPcloud name on the source NAS before
system migration and register the same name on the destination NAS after the
process. Please contact the QNAP technical support department if you need to
keep myQNAPcloud name after system migration.
De stina tion NAS
Disk v olum e supporte d for sy ste m m igra tion
1-bay NAS
1-drive single disk volume
2-bay NAS
1 to 2-drive single disk volume, JBOD, RAID 0,
2-drive RAID 1.
4-bay NAS
1 to 4-drive single disk volume, JBOD, RAID 0,
2-drive RAID 1,
3 to 4-drive RAID 5,
4-drive RAID 6,
4-drive RAID 10.
5-bay NAS
1 to 5-drive single disk volume, JBOD, RAID 0,
2-drive RAID 1,
3 to 5-drive RAID 5,
4 to 5-drive RAID 6,
4-drive RAID 10.
6-bay NAS
1 to 6-drive single disk volume, JBOD, RAID 0,
2-drive RAID 1,
3 to 6-drive RAID 5,
4 to 6-drive RAID 6,
4-drive or 6-drive RAID 10.
34
8-bay NAS
1 to 8-drive single disk volume, JBOD, RAID 0,
2-drive RAID 1,
3 to 8-drive RAID 5,
4 to 8-drive RAID 6,
4-drive, 6-drive, or 8-drive RAID 10.
Migra ting y our NAS
Follow the steps below to perform system migration:
1. Turn off the source NAS and unplug the hard drives.
2. Remove the hard drives from the old trays and install them to the hard drive trays
of the new NAS.
3. Plug the hard drives to the destination NAS (new model). Make sure the hard drives
are installed in the original order.
4. Follow the instructions of the Quick Installation Guide (QIG) to connect the power
supply and network cable(s) of the new NAS.
5. Turn on the new NAS. Login the web administration interface as an administrator
(default login: admin; password: admin).
6. If you are informed to update the firmware of the new NAS, follow the instructions
to download and install the firmware.
7. Click "Start Migrating". The NAS will restart after system migration. All the data and
settings will be retained.
C a ution: To avoid system damage or serious injuries, the sy ste m m igra tion
proc e dure should be pe rform e d by a n a uthorize d se rv e r m a na ge r or IT
a dm inistra tor.
Some system settings will be removed after system migration due to a different system
design. Configure the following settings again on the new NAS:
Windows AD
Some apps need to be reinstalled.
35
3. QTS Basics and Desktop
QTS is a user friendly Turbo NAS operating system designed to enhance every aspect of
your NAS experiences. With basic computer skills such as drag-and-drop or point and
click, you can complete most of the NAS operations. It is that simple! Check the
following links to learn more about this operating system:
Introducing QTS
37
Using QTS Desktop
39
36
3.1 Introducing QTS
Built on a Linux foundation, QTS Turbo NAS operating system is shaped from the
optimized kernel to deliver high-performance services satisfying your needs in file
storage, management, backup, multimedia applications, and surveillance, and more. The
intuitive, multi-window and multi-tasking QTS GUI make it incredibly easy to manage
your Turbo NAS, utilize its rich home applications, enjoy multimedia collections with more
fun, and install a rich set of applications in the App Center on demand to expand your
Turbo NAS experience. Moreover, QTS adds value to business applications with its
abundant features, including file sharing, iSCSI and virtualization, backup, privilege
settings, and so on, effectively increasing business efficiency. Coupled with various
utilities and smart mobile apps, QTS is the ultimate platform for building a personal or
private cloud, synchronizing data and sharing files.
*Click the figure above to check for more details.
37
Turbo NAS for H om e - Ea sily e nric hing hom e e nte rta inm e nt a nd c onte nt sha ring
Tons of photos, music, videos and documents are often scattered across multiple
computers in modern homes. QNAP Turbo NAS lineup of home network storage servers
feature plenty of handy applications to let you smartly connect and manage these
assets and enjoy a truly digital life in a well-secured home network. No boundaries for
multimedia sharing at home, and no boundaries for sharing content with family, and
friends. Learn more about the exciting features that QNAP Turbo NAS offers to you:
Intuitive GUI with Multi-Windows, Multi-Tasking , Multi-Application, Multi-Device
access support
Cross platform data storage, backup and sharing center
Revolutionary music, photo and home video center
Personal cloud storage
Free and large capacity for Dropbox-style data sync
Over 90 Install-on-demand applications via the App Center
Energy-efficient & eco-friendly
Turbo NAS for B usine ss - O ptim izing busine ss IT infra struc ture with e a se a nd
e ffic ie nc y
IT efficiency, coupled with low total cost of ownership (TCO) is an essential factor for
business competitiveness. QNAP Turbo NAS features high performance, business critical
applications, and affordability; helping businesses achieve seamless file sharing, easy
integration into existing networks, flexible virtualized IT environments, and many other
advanced capabilities for keeping businesses running at maximum efficiency. Learn more
about the compelling features that QNAP Turbo NAS offers to businesses:
Large data storage, backup and file sharing center
Supports both scale-up and scale-out solution for large storage capacity demand
Advanced storage management with dynamic thin-provisioning, SSD caching and
JBOD expansion functions
Trustworthy data security and data encryption
The reliable IP SAN storage (iSCSI) as primary and secondary storage for
virtualization environment
Private cloud storage
Free and large capacity for Dropbox-style data sync
Over 90 Install-on-demand applications via the App Center
Development Center for 3rd party partners to build apps on the Turbo NAS
38
3.2 Using QTS Desktop
After you finish the basic NAS setup and login to the NAS, the following desktop will
appear. Each main desktop feature is introduced in the following sections.
NO
Name
Description
Main Menu
Show the Main Menu. It includes three parts: 1) QNAP applications
.
1
(APPLICATIONS): Applications developed by QNAP to enhance
your NAS experience; 2) System features and settings
(SYSTEMS): Key system features designed to manage or optimize
your NAS; and 3) Third party applications: Applications designed
and submitted by independent developers and approved by QNAP.
Please note that the default Internet browser, instead of a
window on the NAS Desktop, will be launched once you click a
third party application. Click the icon from the menu to launch the
selected application.
2
Show
Minimize or restore all open windows and show the desktop.
Desktop
39
3
Background
Review and control all tasks running in the background (such as
Task
HDD SMART scanning, antivirus scanning, file backup or multimedia
conversion.)
4
External
List all external storage devices and USB printers that are
Device
connected to the NAS via its USB or SATA ports. Click a device
listed to open the File Station for that device. Click the "External
Device" header to open the External Device page for relevant
settings and operations (for details on the File Station, please
refer to the chapter on File Station.) Click the eject icon (uparrow icon) to eject the external device.
5
Notification
Check for recent system error and warning notifications. Click
and Alert
"Clear All" to clear all entries on the list. To review all historical
event notifications, click the "Event Notifications" header to open
the System Logs. For details on System Logs, please refer to the
chapter on System Logs 127 .
6
Admin
Customize your user specific settings, change your user password,
Control
restart/shut down the NAS or log out your user account.
Options:
o Profile: Specify your user email address and change your
profile picture.
o Wallpaper: Change the default wallpaper or upload your
own wallpaper.
o Change Password: Change your login password.
o Miscellaneous:
Warn me when leaving QTS: Check this option, and
users will be prompted for confirmation each time they
leave the QTS Desktop (such as clicking the browser
back button or close the browser). It is advised to
check this option.
Reopen windows when logging back into QTS: Check
this option, and all the current desktop settings (such
as the "windows opened before your logout") will be
kept after you login the NAS the next time.
40
Show the desktop switching button: Check this option
to hide the next desktop button (No. 12) and only
display them when you move your mouse cursor close to
the buttons.
Show the "QNAP Utility" tab: Check this option to show
the "QNAP Mobile App", "QNAP Utility" and "Feedback"
tabs (No. 14 ~ 16)
Show the Dashboard button: If you would like to hide
the Dashboard button (NO. 13), uncheck this option.
Show the NAS time on the desktop: If you prefer not to
show the NAS time at bottom left side of the desktop,
uncheck this option.
Keep Main Menu open after selection: Keep the Main
Menu pinned/unpinned on the desktop.
Change Password: Change your login password.
Sleep: Put your NAS into sleep mode. There are two ways to
wake up the NAS: 1) Press the power button (until you hear a
beep) or 2) Use the Wake-on-LAN (WOL) feature with QNAP
Qfinder or Qmanager. Note that to use the WOL feature, it
must first be enabled in "Control Panel" > "Power" > "Wakeon-LAN (WOL)". For details, please refer to here 103 .
o Note: This feature is only available on certain models.
Restart: Restart your NAS.
Shutdown: Shut down your NAS.
Logout: Log yourself out.
About: Check for the NAS model, firmware version, HDDs
already installed and available (empty) bays.
7
Search
Enter a feature specific keyword in the search bar to search for
the desired function and its corresponding online help. Click the
result in the search bar to launch the function or open its online
QTS help.
8
Online
Display a list of online references, including the Quick Start Guide,
Resource
QTS Help, Tutorials, QNAP Wiki and QNAP Forum, and customer
support such as Customer Service (live support) and Feedback
(feature request / bug report) are available here.
9
Language
Choose your preferred language for the UI.
41
10
Desktop
Choose the application icon displaying style and select your
Preference
preferred application opening mode on the desktop. Application
icons can be switched between small thumbnails and detailed
thumbnails and applications can be opened in the tab mode or the
window mode.
For the tab mode, the window will be opened to fit the entire NAS
Desktop and only one application window can be displayed at a
time, while in the window mode, the application window can be
resized and reshaped to a desirable style. Please note that if you
log into the NAS using a mobile device, only the tab mode is
available.
11
Desktop
Remove or arrange all applications on the desktop, or drag one
Area
application icon over the top of another to put them in the same
folder.
12
Next
Switch between desktops.
Desktop/
Last
Desktop
13
Dashboard
Check important NAS statistics, including system and HDD health,
resource, storage usage, online user, scheduled task, online users,
etc. Click the header within each widget to open its respective
page.
14
15
QNAP
Check and download the latest and available QNAP mobile
Mobile App
applications.
QNAP
Check and download the latest and available NAS utilities.
Utility
16
Feedback
File a feature request and bug report.
17
myQNAPClo
Go to the myQNAPCloud 230 website.
ud
Tip:
All widgets within the Dashboard can be dragged onto the desktop for monitoring
specific details.
The Dashboard will be presented differently on different screen resolutions.
42
The color of the Dashboard button will change based on the status of system
health for quick recognition.
Note : The recommended screen resolution for QTS 4.x is 1024x768.
43
4. System Settings
Go to "Control Panel" > "System Settings" to set up your Turbo NAS system.
For details on the settings, refer to the following links:
General Settings
45
Storage_Manager
Network
86
Security
97
Hardware
48
99
Power 102
Notification 104
Firmware Update 106
Backup/Restore 108
External_Device 110
System_Status 125
System Logs 127
44
4.1 General Settings
Go to "Control Panel" > "System Settings" > "General Settings" to configure basic settings
of the NAS.
Sy ste m Adm inistra tion
B a sic Se ttings: Enter the name of the NAS. The NAS name supports maximum 14
characters and can be a combination of the alphabets (a-z, A-Z), numbers (0-9),
and dash (-). Space ( ), period (.), or pure number are not allowed. Enter a port
number for the system management. The default port is 8080. The services which
use this port include: System Management, Photo Station, Music Station,
Multimedia Station, File Station and Download Station. If you are not sure about
this setting, use the default port number.
Ena ble Se c ure C onne c tion (SSL): To allow the users to connect the NAS by
HTTPS, turn on secure connection (SSL) and enter the port number. If the option
"Force secure connection (SSL) only" is turned on, the users can only connect to
the web administration page by HTTPS connection.
Disa ble a nd hide the hom e /m ultim e dia fe a ture s suc h a s Multim e dia Sta tion,
Photo Sta tion, Music Sta tion, Surv e illa nc e Sta tion, Downloa d Sta tion, iTune s
se rv e r, a nd DLNA m e dia se rv e r: The multimedia features, including the Multimedia
Station, Photo Station, Music Station, Video Station (both 2.0 and 1.0.5),
Surveillance Station, Download Station, DJ Station, iTunes server, Media Library and
45
DLNA media server, may be hidden or disabled by default on the following NAS
models: x70U, x79 Pro, x79U. To enable the multimedia features for those models,
please uncheck this option.
Tim e
B a sic tim e se ttings: Adjust the date, time, and time zone according to the
location of the NAS. If the settings are incorrect, the following problems may occur:
o When using a web browser to connect to the NAS or save a file, the display time
of the action will be incorrect.
o The time of the event log displayed will be inconsistent with the actual time
when an action occurs.
Ma nua l Se tting: To synchronize the time of the NAS with the computer time, click
"Update now" next to this option.
Sy nc hronize with a n Inte rne t tim e se rv e r a utom a tic a lly : Turn on this option to
synchronize the date and time of the NAS automatically with an NTP (Network Time
Protocol) server. Enter the IP address or domain name of the NTP server, for
example, time.nist.gov, time.windows.com. Then enter the time interval for
synchronization. This option can be used only when the NAS is connected to the
Internet.
Note : The first time synchronization may take several minutes to complete.
Da y light Sa v ing Tim e
If your region adopts daylight saving time (DST), turn on the option "Adjust system clock
automatically for daylight saving time". Click "Apply". The latest DST schedule of the time
zone specified in the "Time" section will be shown. The system time will be adjusted
automatically according to the DST. Note that if your region does not adopt DST, the
options on this page will not be available. To enter the daylight saving time table
manually, select the option "Enable customized daylight saving time table". Click "Add
Daylight Saving Time Data" and enter the daylight saving time schedule. Then click
"Apply" to save the settings.
C ode pa ge
Select the language the NAS uses to display the files and directories.
46
Note : All the files and directories on the NAS will be created using Unicode encoding.
If the FTP clients or the PC OS does not support Unicode, select the language which
is the same as the OS language in order to view the files and directories on the NAS
properly.
Pa ssword Stre ngth
Specify the password rules. After applying the setting, the NAS will automatically check
the validity of the password.
Login Sc re e n
Set the login screen style. First click the desired template, and then, click "Preview" to
preview the chosen template or "Apply" to apply the chosen login screen. For the photo
wall style login screen, please type your personal message and choose to randomly
select 100 photos stored on the NAS or display 100 photos that were shared recently.
Click "Change Picture" to set a picture for your profile photo on the photo wall. Click
"Preview" to preview the photo wall login screen or "Apply" to apply the settings. To
change the pictures shown on the photo wall, please check the section on Sharing
Albums 258 .
47
4.2 Storage Manager
Manage volumes and RAID systems, monitor the health of hard drives, encrypt and
decrypt file systems, and configure iSCSI systems and virtual disks with Storage
Manager.
For storage management features, refer to the following links:
Volume Management
RAID Management
49
51
Hard Disk S.M.A.R.T
64
Encrypted File System
iSCSI
65
69
Virtual Disk
84
48
4.2.1 Volume Management
This page shows the model, size, and current status of the hard drives on the NAS. You
can format and check the hard drives, and scan the bad blocks on the hard drives. When
the hard drives have been formatted, the NAS will create the following default share
folders:
Public: The default shared folder for file sharing by everyone.
Qdownload/Download: The shared folder for Download Station.
Qmultimedia/Multimedia: The shared folder for Multimedia Station.
Qusb/Usb: The shared folder for data copy function using the USB ports.
Qweb/Web: The shared folder for Web Server.
Qrecordings/Recordings: The shared folder for Surveillance Station.
Note :
The default shared folders of the NAS are created on the first disk volume and the
directory cannot be changed.
Depending on the NAS model, some of the shared folders above may not be
created by default on the NAS.
For disk volumes larger than 2TB, it is recommended to format them to the EXT4
file system.
O v e rv ie w on RAID Sy ste m s
Single Disk Volume: Each hard drive is used as a standalone disk. If a hard drive is
damaged, all the data will be lost.
JBOD (Just a bunch of disks): JBOD is a collection of hard drives that does not
offer any RAID protection. The data are written to the physical disks sequentially.
The total storage capacity is equal to the sum of the capacity of all member hard
drives.
RAID 0 Striping Disk Volume: RAID 0 (striping disk) combines 2 or more hard drives
into one larger volume. The data is written to the hard drive without any parity
information and no redundancy is offered. The total storage capacity of a RAID 0
disk volume is equal to the sum of the capacity of all member hard drives.
RAID 1 Mirroring Disk Volume: RAID 1 duplicates the data between two hard
drives to provide disk mirroring. To create a RAID 1 array, a minimum of 2 hard
drives are required. The storage capacity of a RAID 1 disk volume is equal to the
49
size of the smallest hard drive.
RAID 5 Disk Volume: The data are striped across all the hard drives in a RAID 5
array. The parity information is distributed and stored across each hard drive. If a
member hard drive fails, the array enters degraded mode. After installing a new hard
drive to replace the failed one, the data can be rebuilt from other member drives
that contain the parity information. To create a RAID 5 disk volume, a minimum of 3
hard drives are required. The storage capacity of a RAID 5 array is equal to (N-1) *
(size of smallest hard drive). N is the number of hard drives in the array.
RAID 6 Disk Volume: The data are striped across all the hard drives in a RAID 6
array. RAID 6 differs from RAID 5 that a second set of parity information is stored
across the member drives in the array. It tolerates failure of two hard drives. To
create a RAID 6 disk volume, a minimum of 4 hard drives are required. The storage
capacity of a RAID 6 array is equal to (N-2) * (size of smallest hard drive). N is the
number of hard drives in the array.
RAID 10 Disk Volume: RAID 10 combines four or more disks in a way that protects
data against loss of non-adjacent disks. It provides security by mirroring all data on
a secondary set of disks while using striping across each set of disks to speed up
data transfers. RAID 10 requires an even number of hard drives (minimum 4 hard
drives). The storage capacity of RAID 10 disk volume is equal to (size of the
smallest capacity disk in the array) * N/2. N is the number of hard drives in the
volume.
Disk C onfigura tion a nd NAS Mode ls
For disk configuration and applied NAS models, please refer to the table below:
Disk Configuration
Applied NAS Models
Single disk volume
All models
RAID 1, JBOD (just a bunch of disks)
2-drive models or above
RAID 5, RAID 6, RAID 5+hot spare
4-drive models or above
RAID 6+hot spare
5-drive models or above
RAID 10
4-drive models or above
RAID 10+hot spare
5-drive models or above
50
4.2.2 RAID Management
You can perform online RAID capacity expansion (RAID 1, 5, 6, 10) and online RAID level
migration (single disk, RAID 1, 5, 10), add a hard drive member to a RAID 5, 6, or 10
configuration, configure a spare hard drive (RAID 5, 6, 10) with the data retained, enable
Bitmap, recover a RAID configuration, and set a global spare on this page.
To expand the storage capacity of a RAID 10 volume, you can perform online RAID
capacity expansion or add an even number of hard disk drives to the volume.
Note : Online RAID capacity expansion, online RAID level migration, and RAID recovery
are not supported by one-bay NAS models, TS-210, and TS-212.
Ex pa nding C a pa c ity (O nline RAID C a pa c ity Ex pa nsion)
Sc e na rio
You bought three 250GB hard drives for initial setup of a TS-509 Pro NAS and configured
RAID 5 disk configuration with the three hard drives.
A half year later, the data size of the department has largely increased to 1.5TB. In
other words, the storage capacity of the NAS is running out of use. At the same time,
the price of 1TB hard drives has dropped to a large extent.
O pe ra tion proc e dure
In "Storage Manager" > "RAID Management", select the disk volume for expansion and
click "Action" > "Expand Capacity".
Click "Change" for the first hard drive to be replaced. Follow the instructions to proceed.
1. When the description displays "Please remove this drive", remove the hard drive
from the NAS. Wait for the NAS to beep twice after removing the hard drive.
2. When the description displays "Please insert the new drive", plug in the new hard
drive to the drive slot.
3. After plugging in the hard drive, wait for the NAS to beep. The system will start
51
rebuilding.
4. After rebuilding has completed, repeat the steps above to replace other hard drives.
5. After changing the hard drives and disk rebuilding has completed, click "Expand
Capacity" to execute RAID capacity expansion.
6. Click "OK" to proceed.
7. The NAS beeps and starts to expand the capacity.
Tip: After replacing the hard drive, the description field shows "You can replace this
drive". This means you can replace the hard drive to a larger one or skip this step if
the hard drives have been replaced already.
C a ution: When the hard drive synchronization is in process, do NO T turn off the
NAS or plug in or unplug the ha rd disk driv e s.
The process may take from hours to tens of hours to finish depending on the drive size.
Please wait patiently for the process to finish. Do NOT turn off the power of the NAS.
After RAID capacity expansion has finished, the new capacity is shown and the status is
"Ready". You can start to use the NAS. (In the example you have 1.8TB logical volume.)
Tip: If the description still shows "You can replace this hard drive" and the status of
the drive volume says "Ready", it means the RAID volume is still expandable.
Note :
If you have a hot spare drive set up in a RAID configuration, please be sure to
manually remove that drive before expanding a RAID Volume or adding a drive to
that volume.
For ARM based NAS models (Non Intel-based NAS), the maximum volume capacity
supported for online RAID capacity expansion is 8TB.
O nline RAID Le v e l Migra tion
During the initial setup of the TS-509 Pro, you bought a 250GB hard drive and configured
it as single disk. The TS-509 Pro is used as a file server for data sharing among the
departments. After a half year, more and more important data are saved on the TS-509
Pro. There is a rising concern for hard drive damage and data loss. Therefore, you
52
planned to upgrade the disk configuration to RAID 5. You can install one hard drive for
setting up the TS-509 Pro and upgrade the RAID level of the NAS with online RAID level
migration in the future. The migration process can be done without turning off the NAS.
All the data will be retained.
You can do the following with online RAID level migration:
Migrate the system from single disk to RAID 1, RAID 5, RAID 6 or RAID 10
Migrate the system from RAID 1 to RAID 5, RAID 6 or RAID 10
Migrate the system from RAID 5 with 3 hard drives to RAID 6
You need to:
Prepare a hard drive of the same or larger capacity as an existing drive in the RAID
configuration.
Execute RAID level migration (migrate the system from single disk mode to RAID 5
with 4 hard drives.)
1. Go to "Storage Manager" > "Volume Management". The current disk volume
configuration displayed on the page is single disk (the capacity is 250GB).
2. Plug in the new 250GB hard drives to drive slots 2 and 3 of NAS. The NAS will
detect the new hard drives. The status of the new hard drives is "Unmounted".
3. Go to "Storage Manager" > "RAID Management", click "Action" > "Migrate".
4. Select one or more available drives and the migration method. The drive capacity
after migration is shown. Click "Migrate".
5. Note that all the data on the selected hard drive will be cleared. Click "OK" to
confirm.
6. When migration is in process, the required time and total drive capacity after
migration are shown in the description field.
7. The NAS will enter "Read only" mode when migration is in process during 11%–49%
to assure the data of the RAID configuration will be consistent after RAID migration
completes.
8. After migration completes, the new drive configuration (RAID 5) is shown and the
status is Ready. You can start to use the new drive configuration.
The process may take from hours to tens of hours to finish depending on the hard drive
size. You can connect to the web page of the NAS to check the status later.
O nline RAID C a pa c ity Ex pa nsion
53
Sc e na rio
You had a tight schedule to set up a file server and an FTP server. However, you had
only one 250GB hard drive. Therefore, you set up the TS-509 Pro with the single disk
configuration. The original plan was to set up a 3TB RAID 5 network data center with the
TS-509 Pro. You now plan to upgrade the disk configuration of the TS-509 Pro to RAID 5
and expand the total storage capacity to 3TB with all the original data retained after the
hard drives are purchased. Execute online RAID level migration to migrate the system
from single disk to RAID 5. The total storage capacity will be 750GB, RAID 5 (with one
250GB hard drive and three 1TB hard drives, the disk usage will be 250GB*4 for RAID 5).
You can refer to the previous step for the operation procedure.
Execute online RAID capacity expansion to replace the 250GB hard drive with a new 1TB
hard drive, and then expand the logical volume from 750GB to 3TB of RAID 5. You can
refer to the previous step for the operation procedure.
Adding H a rd Driv e s
Follow the steps below to add a hard drive member to a RAID 5 or RAID 6 disk
configuration.
1. Make sure the status of the RAID 5 or RAID 6 configuration is "Ready".
2. Install a hard drive on the NAS. If you have a hard drive which has already been
formatted as single disk volume on the NAS, you can add this hard drive to the RAID
5 or RAID 6 configuration. You are recommended to use hard disk drives of the same
storage capacity for the RAID configuration.
3. Select the RAID 5 or RAID 6 configuration on the "RAID Management" page and click
"Add Hard Drive".
4. Select the new hard drive member. The total drive capacity after adding the drive
will be shown. Click "Add Hard Drive."
5. All the data on the new hard drive member will be deleted during this process. The
data on the original RAID 5 or RAID 6 configuration will be retained. Click "OK". The
NAS will beep twice.
To add hard drives member to a RAID 10 disk volume, repeat the above steps. Note that
you need to add an even number of hard disk drives to a RAID 10 volume. The storage
capacity of the RAID 10 volume will increase upon successful configuration.
This process may take a few hours to tens of hours to complete depending on the
number and the size of the hard drive. Please wait patiently for the process to finish. Do
54
NOT turn off the NAS during this process. You can use a RAID configuration of larger
capacity after the process.
C onfiguring Spa re Driv e s
You can add a spare drive to or remove a spare drive from a RAID 5, 6, or 10
configuration.
Follow the steps below to use this feature.
1. Make sure the status of the RAID 5, 6, 10 configuration is "Ready".
2. Install a hard drive on the NAS. If you have a hard drive which has already been
formatted as single disk volume on the NAS, you can configure this hard drive as
the spare drive. You are recommended to use hard disk drives of the same storage
capacity for the RAID configuration.
3. Select the RAID volume and click "Configure Spare Drive."
4. To add a spare drive to the selected configuration, select the hard drive and click
"Configure Spare Drive." To remove a spare drive, unselect the spare drive and click
"Configure Spare Drive."
5. All the data on the selected hard drive will be deleted. Click "OK" to proceed.
The original data on the RAID 5, 6, or 10 disk volume will be retained. After the
configuration completes, the status of the disk volume will become "Ready".
Note : A hot spare drive must be removed from the disk volume before executing the
following action:
Online RAID capacity expansion
Online RAID level migration
Adding a hard drive member to a RAID 5, RAID 6 or RAID 10 volume
B itm a p
Bitmap improves the time for RAID rebuilding after an unexpected error, or removing or
re-adding a member hard drive of the RAID configuration. If an array has a bitmap, the
member hard drive can be removed and re-added and only blocks changes since the
removal (as recorded in the bitmap) will be re-synchronized. To use this feature, select a
RAID volume and click "Action" > "Enable Bitmap".
55
Note : Bitmap support is only available for RAID 1, 5, 6, and 10.
RAID Re c ov e ry
RAID Recovery: When the NAS is configured as RAID 1, RAID 5, or RAID 6 and any
number of hard drives is unplugged from the NAS accidentally, you can plug in the same
hard drives into the same drive slots and click "Recover" to recover the volume status
from "Not active" to "Degraded mode".
If the disk volume is configured as RAID 0 or JBOD and one or more of the hard drive
members are disconnected or unplugged, you can plug in the same hard drives into the
same drive slots and use this function to recover the volume status from "Not active" to
"Normal". The disk volume can be used normally after successful recovery.
Disk v olum e
Supports RAID
Ma x im um num be r of disk re m ov a l
re c ov e ry
a llowe d
Single
No
-
JBOD
Yes
1 or more
RAID 0
Yes
1 or more
RAID 1
Yes
1 or 2
RAID 5
Yes
2 or more
RAID 6
Yes
3 or more
RAID 10
No
-
Note :
After recovering a RAID 1, RAID 5 or RAID 6 disk volume from not active to
degraded mode by the RAID recovery, you can read or write the volume normally.
The volume status will be recovered to normal after synchronization.
If the disconnected drive member is damaged, the RAID recovery function will not
work.
Sta nda rd
Q NAP RAID 5
RAID 5
Sta nda rd
RAID 6
56
Q NAP RAID 6
Degraded
N-1
N-1
N-1 & N-2
N-1 & N-2
N/A
N-1, bad blocks
N/A
N-2, bad blocks
mode
Read Only
Protection
found in the
found in the
(for immediate
surviving hard
surviving hard
data backup &
drives of the
drives of the
hard drive
array.
array.
replacement)
RAID
N/A
If re-plugging in
N/A
If re- plugging in
Recovery
all original hard
all original hard
(RAID Status:
drive to the NAS
drives to the NAS
Not Active)
and they can be
and they can be
spun up,
spun up,
identified,
identified,
accessed, and
accessed, and
the hard drive
the hard drive
superblock is not
superblock is not
damaged.
damaged).
RAID Crash
N-2
N-2 failed hard
N-3
N-3 and any of
drives and any of
the remaining
the remaining
hard drives
hard drives
cannot be spun
cannot be spun
up/identified/
up/identified/
accessed.
accessed.
N = Number of hard disk drives in the array
Se tting/C a nc e ling Globa l Spa re
A global spare drive replaces a failed hard drive in any RAID 1, 5, 6, 10 disk volumes on
the NAS automatically. When the same global spare drive is shared by multiple RAID
volumes on the NAS, the spare drive will replace the first failed drive in a RAID volume.
To set a disk drive as a global spare drive, select the single disk volume and click
"Action" > "Set Global Spare". All the disk da ta will be c le a re d on the ha rd driv e .
57
Note : The capacity of the global spare drive must be equal to or larger than that of a
member drive of a RAID disk volume.
To cancel a global spare drive, select the drive and click "Action" > "Cancel Spare Drive".
F urthe r inform a tion a bout RAID m a na ge m e nt of the NAS:
The NAS supports the following actions according to the number of hard disk drives and
disk configurations supported. Please refer to the following table for the details.
O rigina l Disk
C onfigura tion *
No. of H a rd Disk
No. of Ne w
H a rd Disk
Ne w Disk
Ac tion
Driv e s
C onfigura tion * No. of
H a rd Disk Driv e s
Driv e s
RAID 5 * 3
1
Add hard drive
RAID 5 * 4
member
RAID 5 * 3
2
Add hard drive
RAID 5 * 5
member
RAID 5 * 3
3
Add hard drive
RAID 5 * 6
member
RAID 5 * 3
4
Add hard drive
RAID 5 * 7
member
RAID 5 * 3
5
Add hard drive
RAID 5 * 8
member
RAID 5 * 4
1
Add hard drive
RAID 5 * 5
member
RAID 5 * 4
2
Add hard drive
RAID 5 * 6
member
RAID 5 * 4
3
Add hard drive
RAID 5 * 7
member
RAID 5 * 4
4
Add hard drive
RAID 5 * 8
member
RAID 5 * 5
1
Add hard drive
member
58
RAID 5 * 6
RAID 5 * 5
2
Add hard drive
RAID 5 * 7
member
RAID 5 * 5
3
Add hard drive
RAID 5 * 8
member
RAID 5 * 6
1
Add hard drive
RAID 5 * 7
member
RAID 5 * 6
2
Add hard drive
RAID 5 * 8
member
RAID 5 * 7
1
Add hard drive
RAID 5 * 8
member
RAID 6 * 4
1
Add hard drive
RAID 6 * 5
member
RAID 6 * 4
2
Add hard drive
RAID 6 * 6
member
RAID 6 * 4
3
Add hard drive
RAID 6 * 7
member
RAID 6 * 4
4
Add hard drive
RAID 6 * 8
member
RAID 6 * 5
1
Add hard drive
RAID 6 * 6
member
RAID 6 * 5
2
Add hard drive
RAID 6 * 7
member
RAID 6 * 5
3
Add hard drive
RAID 6 * 8
member
RAID 6 * 6
1
Add hard drive
RAID 6 * 7
member
RAID 6 * 6
2
Add hard drive
RAID 6 * 8
member
RAID 6 * 7
1
Add hard drive
member
59
RAID 6 * 8
RAID 10 * 4
2
Add hard drive
RAID 10 * 6
member
RAID 10 * 4
4
Add hard drive
RAID 10 * 8
member
RAID 10 * 6
2
Add hard drive
RAID 10 * 8
member
RAID 1 * 2
1
Online RAID capacity
RAID 1 * 2
expansion
RAID 5 * 3
1
Online RAID capacity
RAID 5 * 3
expansion
RAID 5 * 4
1
Online RAID capacity
RAID 5 * 4
expansion
RAID 5 * 5
1
Online RAID capacity
RAID 5 * 5
expansion
RAID 5 * 6
1
Online RAID capacity
RAID 5 * 6
expansion
RAID 5 * 7
1
RAID 5 * 8
1
Online RAID capacity
expansion
Online RAID capacity
RAID 5 * 7
RAID 5 * 8
expansion
RAID 6 * 4
1
Online RAID capacity
RAID 6 * 4
expansion
RAID 6 * 5
1
Online RAID capacity
RAID 6 * 5
expansion
RAID 6 * 6
1
Online RAID capacity
RAID 6 * 6
expansion
RAID 6 * 7
1
Online RAID capacity
RAID 6 * 7
expansion
RAID 6 * 8
1
Online RAID capacity
expansion
60
RAID 6 * 8
RAID 10 * 4
1
Online RAID capacity
RAID 10 * 4
expansion
RAID 10 * 6
1
Online RAID capacity
RAID 10 * 6
expansion
RAID 10 * 8
1
Online RAID capacity
RAID 10 * 8
expansion
Single * 1
1
Online RAID level
RAID 1 * 2
migration
Single * 1
2
Online RAID level
RAID 5 * 3
migration
Single * 1
3
Online RAID level
RAID 5 * 4
migration
Single * 1
4
Single * 1
5
Online RAID level
migration
Online RAID level
RAID 5 * 5
RAID 5 * 6
migration
Single * 1
6
Online RAID level
RAID 5 * 7
migration
Single * 1
7
Online RAID level
RAID 5 * 8
migration
Single * 1
3
Online RAID level
RAID 6 * 4
migration
Single * 1
4
Online RAID level
RAID 6 * 5
migration
Single * 1
5
Online RAID level
RAID 6 * 6
migration
Single * 1
6
Online RAID level
RAID 6 * 7
migration
Single * 1
7
Online RAID level
migration
61
RAID 6 * 8
Single * 1
3
Online RAID level
RAID 10 * 4
migration
Single * 1
5
Online RAID level
RAID 10 * 6
migration
Single * 1
7
Online RAID level
RAID 10 * 8
migration
RAID 1 * 2
1
Online RAID level
RAID 5 * 3
migration
RAID 1 * 2
2
Online RAID level
RAID 5 * 4
migration
RAID 1 * 2
3
Online RAID level
RAID 5 * 5
migration
RAID 1 * 2
4
Online RAID level
RAID 5 * 6
migration
RAID 1 * 2
5
Online RAID level
RAID 5 * 7
migration
RAID 1 * 2
6
Online RAID level
RAID 5 * 8
migration
RAID 1 * 2
2
Online RAID level
RAID 6 * 4
migration
RAID 1 * 2
3
Online RAID level
RAID 6 * 5
migration
RAID 1 * 2
4
Online RAID level
RAID 6 * 6
migration
RAID 1 * 2
5
Online RAID level
RAID 6 * 7
migration
RAID 1 * 2
6
Online RAID level
RAID 6 * 8
migration
RAID 1 * 2
2
Online RAID level
migration
62
RAID 10 * 4
RAID 1 * 2
4
Online RAID level
RAID 10 * 6
migration
RAID 1 * 2
6
Online RAID level
RAID 10 * 8
migration
RAID 5 * 3
1
Online RAID level
RAID 6 * 4
migration
RAID 5 * 3
2
Online RAID level
RAID 6 * 5
migration
RAID 5 * 3
3
Online RAID level
RAID 6 * 6
migration
RAID 5 * 3
4
Online RAID level
RAID 6 * 7
migration
RAID 5 * 3
5
Online RAID level
migration
63
RAID 6 * 8
4.2.3 Hard Disk S.M.A.R.T
Monitor the hard disk drives (HDD) health, temperature, and the usage status by HDD S.
M.A.R.T. (Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology).
The following information of each hard drive on the NAS is available.
F ie ld
De sc ription
Summary
Display the hard drive S.M.A.R.T. summary and the latest test result.
Hard disk
Display the hard drive details, for example, model, serial number, HDD
information
capacity.
SMART
Display the hard drive S.M.A.R.T. information. Any items that the
information
values are lower than the threshold are regarded as abnormal.
Test
Perform quick or complete hard drive S.M.A.R.T. test.
Settings
Configure temperature alarm. When the hard drive temperature is
over the preset values, the NAS records the error logs.
You can also set the quick and complete test schedule. The latest
test result is shown on the Summary page.
64
4.2.4 Encrypted File System
You can manage the encrypted disk volumes on the NAS on this page. Each encrypted
disk volume is locked by a particular key. The encrypted volume can be unlocked by the
following methods:
Encryption Password: Enter the encryption password to unlock the disk volume. The
default password is "admin". The password must be 8-16 characters long. Symbols
(! @ # $ % ^ & * ( )_+ = ?) are supported.
Encryption Key File: Upload the encryption file to the NAS to unlock the disk
volume. The key can be downloaded from "Encryption Key Management" page after
the disk volume has been unlocked successfully.
The data encryption functions may not be available in accordance to the legislative
restrictions of some countries.
Note : This feature is not supported by TS-110, TS-112P, TS-212P, TS-119, TS-210,
TS-219, TS-219P, TS-410, TS-419P, TS-410U, TS-419U, TS-119P+, TS-219P+, TS419P+, TS-112, TS-212, TS-412, TS-419U+, TS-412U, TS-x20 and TS-x21 series and
ARM-Based models.
Da ta Enc ry ption on Q NAP Turbo NAS
The disk volumes on the NAS can be encrypted with 256-bit AES encryption for data
breach protection. The encrypted disk volumes can only be mounted for normal read/
write access with the authorized password. The encryption feature protects the
confidential data from unauthorized access even if the hard drives or the entire NAS
were stolen.
About AES e nc ry ption:
In cryptography, the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is an encryption standard
adopted by the U.S. government. The standard comprises three block ciphers, AES-128,
AES-192 and AES-256 [… ]. Each AES cipher has a 128-bit block size, with key sizes of
128, 192 and 256 bits, respectively. The AES ciphers have been analyzed extensively
and are now used worldwide. (Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Advanced_Encryption_Standard)
The AES volume-based encryption is applicable only to specific QNAP NAS models.
Please refer to the comparison table at: http://www.qnap.com/images/products/
65
comparison/Comparison_NAS.html
B e fore y ou Sta rt
Please beware of the following before using the data encryption feature of the NAS.
The encryption feature of the NAS is volume-based. A volume can be a single disk, a
JBOD configuration, or a RAID array.
Select whether or not to encrypt a disk volume before it is created on the NAS. In
other words, you will not be able to encrypt a volume after it has been created
unless the disk volume is initialized. Note that initializing a disk volume will clear all
the disk data.
The encryption on the disk volume cannot be removed without initialization. To
remove the encryption on the disk volume, you have to initialize the disk volume and
all the data will be cleared.
Keep the encryption password or key safe. If you forgot the password or lost the
encryption key, the data cannot be accessed anymore.
Before you start, read the instructions carefully and strictly adhere to the
instructions.
C re a ting Ne w Enc ry pte d Disk V olum e s
If the NAS has been installed, to create a new encrypted disk volume by installing new
hard drives on the NAS, follow the steps below:
1. Install the new hard drive(s) on the NAS.
2. Login the NAS as an administrator. Go to Storage Manager" > "Volume
Management".
3. Click "Create".
4. Select the disk volume you want to configure according to the number of new hard
drives installed.
5. Check the drive for the intended volume.
6. Select "Yes" for the "Encryption" option and enter the encryption settings. Then
click "Create" to create the new encrypted volume.
Note that all the data on the selected drives will be DELETED! Please back up the data
before creating the encrypted volume.
You have created an encrypted disk volume on the NAS.
66
Enc ry ption V e rific a tion
To verify the disk volume is encrypted, login the NAS as an administrator. Go to "Storage
Manager" > "Volume Management". You will be able to see the encrypted disk volume,
with a lock icon in the Status column. The lock will be open if the encrypted volume has
been unlocked. A disk volume without the lock icon in the Status column is not
encrypted.
B e ha v ior of Enc ry pte d V olum e s upon Sy ste m Re boot
In this example, we have two encrypted disk volumes on the NAS.
The first volume (Single Disk Drive 1) has been created with the option "Save
Encryption Key" enabled.
The second volume (Single Disk Drive 4) has been created with the option "Save
Encryption Key" disabled.
After restarting the NAS, check the volume status. The first drive has been unlocked and
mounted but the second drive is locked. Since the encryption key is not saved on the
second disk volume, you have to manually enter the encryption password to unlock it.
Saving the key on the NAS will protect you only if your hard drives are stolen.
However, there is a risk of data breach if the entire NAS is stolen as the data is
accessible after restarting the NAS.
If you select not to save the encryption key on the NAS, your NAS will be
protected against data breach even if the entire NAS were stolen. The
disadvantage is that you have to unlock the disk volume manually on each system
restart.
Enc ry ption Ke y Ma na ge m e nt
To manage the encryption key settings, login the NAS as an administrator and go to
Storage Manager" > "Encrypted File System".
There are four options to manage the encryption key:
Change the encryption key: Input your old encryption password and input the new
password. (Note that after the password is changed, any previously exported keys
will not be working anymore. You have to download the new encryption key if
necessary, see below).
Download Encryption Key File: Input the encryption password to download the
encryption key file. Downloading the encryption key file will allow you to save the
67
encryption key in a file. The file is also encrypted and can be used to unlock a
volume, without knowing the real password (see "unlock a disk volume manually"
below). Please save the encryption key file in a secure place!
Remove Saved Key: Remove saved keys with this option.
Save Encryption Key: Save the encryption key on the NAS for automatic unlocking
and mounting the encrypted disk volume when the NAS restarts.
Unloc king Disk V olum e s Ma nua lly
To unlock a volume, login the NAS as an administrator. Go to "Storage Manager" >
"Encrypted File System". You will be able to see your encrypted volumes and their
status: locked or unlocked. To unlock your volume, first click "Unlock this device".
Choose to either input the encryption password, or use the encryption key file that has
been exported previously. If the encryption password or the key file is correct, the
volume will be unlocked and become available.
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4.2.5 iSCSI
Go to "Control Panel" > "System Settings" > "General Settings" to manage the iSCSI
target service, create iSCSI target lists and the advanced ACL and back up LUNs.
For setup on relevant features, refer to the following links:
Portal Management
Target Management
Advanced ACL
LUN Backup
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73
80
81
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4.2.5.1 Portal Managem ent
The NAS supports built-in iSCSI (Internet Small Computer System Interface) service for
server clustering and virtualized environments.
Ma nua l iSC SI C onfigura tion
The NAS supports built-in iSCSI service. To use this function, follow the steps below:
1. Install an iSCSI initiator on the computer (Windows PC, Mac, or Linux).
2. Enable iSCSI Target Service on the NAS and create an iSCSI target.
3. Run the iSCSI initiator and connect to the iSCSI target (NAS).
4. After successful logon, format the iSCSI target (disk volume). You can start to use
the disk volume on the NAS as a virtual drive on the computer.
In between the relationship of your computer and the storage device, the computer is
called an initiator because it initiates the connection to the device, which is called a
target.
Note : It is suggested NOT to connect to the same iSCSI target with two different
clients (iSCSI initiators) at the same time, because this may lead to data damage
or disk damage.
iSC SI Q uic k C onfigura tion Wiza rd
A maximum of 256 iSCSI targets and LUNs can be created. For example, if you create
100 targets on the NAS, the maximum number of LUNs you can create is 156. Multiple
LUNs can be created for each target. However, the maximum number of concurrent
connections to the iSCSI targets supported by the NAS varies depending on the
network infrastructure and the application performance. Too many concurrent
connections may slow down the performance of the NAS.
Follow the steps below to configure the iSCSI target service on the NAS.
1. Under the "Portal Management" tab enable iSCSI target service. Apply the settings.
2. Go to the "Target Management" tab and create iSCSI targets on the NAS. If you
have not created any iSCSI targets, the Quick Installation Wizard will automatically
be launched and prompt users to create iSCSI targets and LUNs (Logical unit
number). Click "OK".
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3. Select to create an iSCSI target with a mapped LUN, an iSCSI target only, or an
iSCSI LUN only. Click "Next."
4. Create iSCSI target with a mapped LUN.
5. Click "Next."
6. Enter the target name and target alias. You may check the options "Data Digest"
and/or "Header Digest" (optional). These are the parameters that the iSCSI initiator
will be verified when it attempts to connect to the iSCSI target.
7. Enter the CHAP authentication settings. If you enter the username and password
settings under "Use CHAP authentication" only, only the iSCSI target authenticates
the initiator, i.e. the initiators have to enter the username and password settings
here to access the target.
Mutual CHAP: Enable this option for two-way authentication between the iSCSI target
and the initiator. The target authenticates the initiator using the first set of username
and password. The initiator authenticates the target using the "Mutual CHAP" settings.
F ie ld
Use rna m e lim ita tion
Pa ssword lim ita tion
Use CHAP
The only valid characters
The only valid characters
authentication
are 0-9, a-z, A-Z
are 0-9, a-z, A-Z
Maximum length: 256
Maximum length: 12-16
characters
characters
The only valid characters
The only valid characters
are 0-9, a-z, A-Z, :
are 0-9, a-z, A-Z, :
(colon), . (dot), and -
(colon), . (dot), and -
(dash)
(dash)
Maximum length: 12-16
Maximum length: 12-16
characters
characters
Mutual CHAP
C re a ting iSC SI LUNs
An iSCSI LUN is a logical volume mapped to the iSCSI target. Select one of the
following modes to allocate the disk space to the LUN:
Thin Provisioning: Allocate the disk space in a flexible manner. You can allocate the
disk space to the target anytime regardless of the current storage capacity
available on the NAS. Over-allocation is allowed as the storage capacity of the NAS
can be expanded by online RAID capacity expansion.
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Instant Allocation: Allocate the disk space to the LUN instantly. This option
guarantees the disk space assigned to the LUN but may take more time to create
the LUN.
1. Enter the name of the LUN and specify the LUN location (disk volume on the NAS).
Enter the capacity for the LUN. Click "Next".
2. Confirm the settings and click "Next".
3. When the target and the LUN have been created, click "Finish".
4. The target and LUN are shown on the list under the "Target Management" tab.
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4.2.5.2 Target Managem ent
C re a ting iSC SI Ta rge ts
Note : The description below applies to non Intel-based NAS models running
firmware version 3.3.0 or la te r and Intel-based NAS models running firmware
version 3.2.0 or la te r only.
You can create multiple LUNs for an iSCSI target. Follow the steps below to create
more LUNs for an iSCSI target.
1. Click "Quick Configuration Wizard" under "Target Management".
2. Select "iSCSI LUN only" and click "Next".
3. Select the allocation method. Enter the name of the LUN, select the LUN directory,
and specify the capacity for the LUN. Click "Next."
4. Select the target to map the LUN to (optional step).
5. Confirm the settings and click "Next."
6. When the LUN has been created, click "Finish" to exit the wizard.
7. The LUNs created can be mapped to and unmapped from the iSCSI target anytime.
You can also unmap the LUN from a target and map it to another target.
Ite m
Sta tus
De sc ription
iSCSI target
Ready
The iSCSI target is ready but no
initiator has connected to it yet.
Connected
The iSCSI target has been
connected by an initiator.
Disconnected
The iSCSI target has been
disconnected.
Offline
The iSCSI target has been
deactivated and cannot be
connected by the initiator.
LUN
Enabled
The LUN is active for connection
and is visible to authenticated
initiators.
Disabled
The LUN is inactive and is invisible
to the initiators.
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B utto
Na m e
De sc ription
Deactiva
Deactivate a ready or connected target. Note that the
te
connection from the initiators will be removed.
Activate
Activate an offline target.
Modify
Modify the target settings: target alias, CHAP information,
n
and checksum settings.
Modify the LUN settings: LUN allocation, name, disk volume
directory, etc.
Delete
Delete an iSCSI target. All the connections will be removed.
Disable
Disable an LUN. All the connections will be removed.
Enable
Enable an LUN.
Unmap
Unmap the LUN from the target. Note that you must disable
the LUN first before unmapping the LUN. When you click this
button, the LUN will be moved to "Un-Mapped iSCSI LUN
List".
Map
Map the LUN to an iSCSI target. This option is only available
on the "Un-Mapped iSCSI LUN List".
View
View the connection status of an iSCSI target.
Switc hing LUN Ma pping
Note : The description below applies to non Intel-based NAS models running
firmware version 3.3.0 or la te r and Intel-based NAS models running firmware
version 3.2.0 or la te r only.
Follow the steps below to switch the mapping of an iSCSI LUN.
1. Select an iSCSI LUN to unmap from an iSCSI target and click (Disable).
2. Next, click "Unmap" to unmap the LUN. The LUN will appear on the Un-Mapped iSCSI
LUN List. Click "Map" to map the LUN to another target.
3. Select the target to map the LUN to and click "Apply"
4. The LUN is mapped to the target.
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After creating the iSCSI targets and LUN on the NAS, you can use the iSCSI initiator
installed on your computer (Windows PC, Mac, or Linux) to connect to the iSCSI
targets and LUN and use the disk volumes as the virtual drives on your computer.
iSC SI LUN C a pa c ity Ex pa nsion
The NAS supports expanding the capacity of an iSCSI LUN. To do so, follow the steps
below.
1. Locate an iSCSI LUN on the iSCSI target list in "iSCSI" > "Target Management". Click
"Modify".
2. Specify the capacity of the LUN. Note that the LUN capacity can be increased
many times up to the maximum limit but cannot be decreased.
3. Click "Apply" to save the settings.
Note :
An iSCSI LUN must be mapped to an iSCSI target before increasing the capacity.
For the type of LUN allocation, the maximum LUN capacity for thin provisioning is
32TB, while for instant allocation, the maximum LUN capacity is free space
available on the disk volume.
O ptim izing iSC SI Pe rform a nc e
In the environments that require high performance storage, such as virtualization, users
are recommended to do the following to optimize the iSCSI and NAS hard disks
performance:
Use insta nt a lloc a tion: When creating an iSCSI LUN, select "Instant Allocation" to
achieve slightly higher iSCSI performance. However, the benefits of thin provisioning
will be lost.
C re a te m ultiple LUNs: Create multiple LUNs according to the processor number of
the NAS. The information can be checked in "System Status" > "Resource Monitor."
If the NAS has four processors, it is advised to create four or more LUNs to optimize
the iSCSI performance.
Use diffe re nt LUNs for he a v y loa d a pplic a tions: Spread the applications such as
database and virtual machines that need high Read/Write performance on different
LUNs. For example, if there are two virtual machines which read and write data
intensively on the LUNs, it is recommended to create two LUNs on the NAS so that
the VM workloads can be efficiently distributed.
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Before you start to use the iSCSI target service, make sure you have created an iSCSI
target with a LUN on the NAS and installed the correct iSCSI initiator for your OS.
ISC SI initia tor on Windows:
Microsoft iSCSI Software Initiator v2.07 is an official application for Windows OS 2003,
XP, and 2000 to allow users to implement an external iSCSI storage array over the
network. If you are using Windows Vista or Windows Server 2008, Microsoft iSCSI
Software Initiator is included. For more information and the download location, visit:
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=12cb3c1a-15d6-4585-b385befd1319f825&displaylang=en
Using iSC SI initia tor:
Start iSCSI initiator from "Control Panel" > "Administrative Tools". Under the "Discovery"
tab click "Add Portal". Enter the NAS IP and the port number for the iSCSI service. The
available iSCSI targets and their status will then be shown under the "Targets" tab.
Select the target you wish to connect then click "Connect". You may click "Advanced" to
specify the logon information if you have configured the authentication otherwise simply
click "OK" to continue. Upon successful logon, the status of the target now shows
"Connected".
After the target has been connected Windows will detect its presence and treat it as if a
new hard disk drive has been added which needs to be initialized and formatted before
we can use it. Right click "My Computer" > "Manage" to open the "Computer
Management" window then go to "Disk Management" and a window should pop up
automatically asking whether you want to initialize the newly found hard drive. Click "OK"
then format this drive as normally you would when adding a new disk. After disk
initialization and formatting, the new drive is attached to your PC. You can now use this
iSCSI target as a regular disk partition.
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This section shows you how to use Xtend SAN iSCSI Initiator on Mac OS to add the
iSCSI target (QNAP NAS) as an extra partition. Before you start to use the iSCSI target
service, make sure you have created an iSCSI target with a LUN on the NAS and
installed the correct iSCSI initiator for your OS.
About X te nd SAN iSC SI initia tor:
ATTO's Xtend SAN iSCSI Initiator for Mac OS X allows Mac users to utilize and benefit
from iSCSI. It is compatible with Mac OS X 10.4.x to 10.6.x. For more information, please
visit:
http://www.attotech.com/products/product.php?sku=INIT-MAC0-001
Using X te nd SAN iSC SI initia tor:
Follow the steps below:
1. After installing Xtend SAN iSCSI initiator, you can find it in "Applications".
2. Click the "Discover Targets" tab, you can either choose "Discover by DNS/IP" or
"Discover by iSNS" according to the network topology. In this example, we will use
the IP address to discover the iSCSI targets.
3. Follow the screen instructions and enter the server address, iSCSI target port
number (default: 3260), and CHAP information (if applicable). Click "Finish" to
retrieve the target list after all the data have been entered correctly.
4. All the available iSCSI targets on the NAS will be shown. Select the target you
would like to connect and click "Add".
You can configure the connection properties of the selected iSCSI target in the "Setup"
tab. Click the "Status" tab, select the target to connect. Then click "Login" to proceed.
The first time you logon to the iSCSI target, a popup message will be shown to remind
you the disk is not initialized. Click "Initialize…" to format the disk. You can also open the
"Disk Utilities" application to do the initialization. You can now use the iSCSI target as an
external drive on your Mac.
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This section shows you how to use Linux Open-iSCSI Initiator on Ubuntu to add the
iSCSI target (QNAP NAS) as an extra partition. Before you start to use the iSCSI target
service, make sure you have created an iSCSI target with a LUN on the NAS and
installed the correct iSCSI initiator for your OS.
About Linux O pe n- iSC SI Initia tor:
The Linux Open-iSCSI Initiator is a built-in package in Ubuntu 8.04 LTS (or later). You
can connect to an iSCSI volume at a shell prompt with just a few commands. More
information about Ubuntu is available at http://www.ubuntu.com and for information and
download location of Open-iSCSI, please visit: http://www.open-iscsi.org
Note : Snapshot LUNs are not supported by the Linux Open-iSCSI Initiator.
Using Linux O pe n- iSC SI Initia tor:
Install the open-iscsi package. The package is also known as the Linux Open-iSCSI
Initiator.
# sudo apt-get install open-iscsi
Now follow the steps below to connect to an iSCSI target (QNAP NAS) with Linux OpeniSCSI Initiator.
You may need to modify the iscsid.conf for CHAP logon information, such as node.
session.auth.username & node.session.auth.password.
# vi /etc/iscsi/iscsid.conf
Save and close the file, then restart the open-iscsi service.
# /etc/init.d/open-iscsi restart
Discover the iSCSI targets on a specific host (the QNAP NAS in this example), for
example, 10.8.12.31 with default port 3260.
# iscsiadm -m discovery -t sendtargets -p 10.8.12.31:3260
Check the available iSCSI node(s) to connect.
# iscsiadm -m node
** You can delete the node(s) you do not want to connect to when the service is on
with the following command:
# iscsiadm -m node --op delete --targetname THE_TARGET_IQN
Restart open-iscsi to login all the available nodes.
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# /etc/init.d/open-iscsi restart
You should be able to see the login message as below:
Login session [iface: default, target: iqn.2004-04.com:NAS:iSCSI.ForUbuntu.B9281B,
portal: 10.8.12.31,3260] [ OK ]
Check the device status with dmesg.
# dmesg | tail
Enter the following command to create a partition, /dev/sdb is the device name.
# fdisk /dev/sdb
Format the partition.
# mkfs.ext3 /dev/sdb1
Mount the file system.
# mkdir /mnt/iscsi
# mount /dev/sdb1 /mnt/iscsi/
You can test the I/O speed using the following command.
# hdparm -tT /dev/sdb1
Below are some "iscsiadm" related commands.
Discover the targets on the host:
# iscsiadm -m discovery --type sendtargets --portal HOST_IP
Login a target:
# iscsiadm –m node --targetname THE_TARGET_IQN --login
Logout a target:
# iscsiadm –m node --targetname THE_TARGET_IQN --logout
Delete a Target:
# iscsiadm –m node --op delete --targetname THE_TARGET_IQN
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4.2.5.3 Adv anced ACL
Note : The description below applies to non Intel-based NAS models running firmware
version 3.3.0 or la te r and Intel-based NAS models running firmware version 3.2.0 or
la te r only.
You can create LUN masking policy to configure the permission of the iSCSI initiators
which attempt to access the LUN mapped to the iSCSI targets on the NAS. To use this
feature, click "Add a Policy" under "Advanced ACL".
Enter the policy name, the initiator IQN, and assign the access right for each LUN
created on the NAS.
Read-only: The connected initiator can only read the data from the LUN.
Read/Write: The connected initiator has read and write access right to the LUN.
Deny Access: The LUN is invisible to the connected initiator.
If no LUN masking policy is specified for a connected iSCSI initiator, the default policy will
be applied. The system default policy allows read and write access from all the
connected iSCSI initiators. You can click "Edit" to edit the default policy.
Note : Make sure you have created at least one LUN on the NAS before editing the
default LUN policy.
H int: H ow do I find the initia tor IQ N?
Start Microsoft iSCSI initiator and click "General". You can then find the IQN of the
initiator.
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4.2.5.4 LUN Backup
The NAS supports backing up iSCSI LUNs to different storage locations (Windows, Linux,
or local shared folders), restoring the LUNs to the NAS, or creating a LUN snapshot and
mapping it to an iSCSI target.
B a c king up iSC SI LUNs
Before backing up an iSCSI LUN, make sure at least one iSCSI LUN has been created on
the NAS. To create iSCSI targets and LUN, go to "Storage Manager" > "iSCSI" > "Target
Management".
1. Go to "Storage Manager" > "iSCSI" > "LUN Backup". Click "Create a new job".
2. Select "Back up an iSCSI LUN" and click "Next".
3. Select the source LUN for backup. If an online LUN is selected, the NAS will create a
point-in-time snapshot for the LUN automatically.
4. Specify the destination where the LUN will be backed up to. The NAS supports LUN
backup to a Linux share (NFS), a Windows share (CIFS/SMB), and a local folder on
the NAS. Click "Test" to test the connection to the specified path. Then click "Next".
5. Enter a name of the backup LUN image or use the one generated by the NAS. Select
the subfolder where the image file will be stored. Select to use compression or not
and click "Next". (Use Compression: When this option is enabled, more CPU resources
of the NAS will be consumed but the size of the backup LUN can be reduced. The
backup time may vary depending on the size of the iSCSI LUN.)
6. Specify the backup schedule, choose the backup period (Now, Hourly, Daily, Weekly,
or Monthly) and click "Next".
7. The settings will be shown. Enter a name for the job or use the one generated by the
NAS. Click "Next."
8. Click "Finish" to exit.
9. The backup job is shown on the list.
B utton
Na m e
De sc ription
Start
Start the job immediately.
Stop
Stop the running job.
Edit
Edit the job settings.
View
View the job status and logs.
Re storing iSC SI LUNs
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To restore an iSCSI LUN to the NAS, follow the steps below:
1. Go to "Storage Manager" > "iSCSI" > "LUN Backup". Click "Create a job".
2. Select "Restore an iSCSI LUN" and click "Next."
3. Specify the protocol, IP address/host name, and folder/path of the restore source.
Click "Test" to test the connection. Then click "Next".
4. Browse and select the LUN image file and click "Next."
5. Select the destination and click "Next".
6. The settings will be shown. Enter a name for the job or use the one generated by
the NAS. Click "Next".
7. Click "Finish" to exit.
The restore job will be executed immediately.
B utton
Na m e
De sc ription
Stop
Stop the running job.
Edit
Edit the job settings.
View
View the job status and logs.
Note : For Step 5 above:
Overwrite existing LUN: Restore the iSCSI LUN and overwrite the existing LUN on
the NAS. All the data on the original LUN will be overwritten.
Create a new LUN: Restore the iSCSI LUN to the NAS as a new LUN. Enter the
name and select the location of the new LUN. Make sure you have created at
least one LUN on the NAS before editing the default LUN policy.
C re a ting iSC SI LUN Sna pshots
Before creating an iSCSI LUN snapshot, make sure at least one iSCSI LUN and one iSCSI
target has been created on the NAS. To create iSCSI targets and LUN, go to "Storage
Manager" > "iSCSI" > "Target Management".
To create an iSCSI LUN snapshot, follow the steps below:
1. Go to "Storage Manager" > "iSCSI" > "LUN Backup". Click "Create a job".
2. Select "Create a LUN Snapshot" and click "Next".
3. Select an iSCSI LUN on the NAS. Only one snapshot can be created for each iSCSI
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LUN. Click "Next".
4. Enter a name for the LUN snapshot or use the one generated by the NAS. Select an
iSCSI target where the LUN snapshot is mapped to. Click "Next". The LUN snapshot
must be mapped to another iSCSI target different from the original one.
5. Specify the snapshot schedule and the snapshot duration. The snapshot will be
removed automatically when the snapshot duration is reached.
6. The settings will be shown. Enter a name for the job or use the one generated by the
NAS. Click "Next".
7. Click "Finish" to exit.
8. The snapshot will be created immediately. The status and duration will be shown on
the list.
9. Go to "iSCSI" > "Target Management", the snapshot LUN will be shown in the iSCSI
Target List. Use iSCSI initiator software to connect to the iSCSI target and access
the point-in-time data on the snapshot LUN. For the information of connecting to the
iSCSI targets on QNAP NAS, please refer to http://www.qnap.com/pro_application.
asp?ap_id=135.
Note : The source LUN and snapshot LUN cannot be mounted on the same NAS on
certain operating systems such as Windows 7 and Windows 2008 R2. Please mount the
LUN to different NAS servers in such case.
Ma na ging LUN B a c kup/Re store /Sna pshot by C om m a nd Line
QNAP NAS users can execute or stop the iSCSI LUN backup, restore, or snapshot jobs on
the NAS by command line. Follow the instructions below to use this feature.
Note : The following instructions should only be operated by IT administrators who are
familiar with command line.
1. First make sure the iSCSI LUN backup, restore, or snapshot jobs have been created
on the NAS in "Storage Manager" > "iSCSI" > "LUN Backup".
2. Connect to the NAS by an SSH utility such as Pietty.
3. Login the NAS as an administrator.
4. Input the command "lunbackup". The command usage description will be shown.
5. Use the lunbackup command to start or stop an iSCSI LUN backup, restore, or
snapshot job on the NAS.
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4.2.6 Virtual Disk
You can use this function to add the iSCSI targets of other QNAP NAS or storage servers
to the NAS as the virtual disks for storage capacity expansion. The NAS supports
maximum 8 virtual disks.
Note :
The maximum size of a virtual disk the NAS supports is 16TB.
When the virtual disk (iSCSI target) was disconnected, the virtual disk will
disappear on the NAS interface and the NAS will try to connect to the target in
two minutes. If the target cannot be connected after two minutes, the status of
the virtual disk will become "Disconnected".
To add a virtual disk to the NAS, make sure an iSCSI target has been created and follow
the steps below:
1. Click "Add Virtual Disk".
2. Enter the target server IP and port number (default: 3260). Click "Get Remote Disk".
Select a target from the target list. If authentication is required, enter the username
and the password. You may select the options "Data Digest" and/or "Header
Digest" (optional). These are the parameters that the iSCSI initiator will be verified
when it attempts to connect to the iSCSI target. Then, click "Next".
3. Enter a name for the virtual disk. If the target is mapped with multiple LUNs, select a
LUN from the list. Make sure only this NAS can connect to the LUN. The NAS
supports mounting EXT3, EXT4, FAT32, NTFS, HFS+ file systems. If the file system of
the LUN is "Unknown", select "Format virtual disk now" and the file system. You can
format the virtual disk as EXT3, EXT4, FAT 32, NTFS, or HFS+. By selecting "Format
virtual disk now", the data on the LUN will be removed.
4. Click "Finish" to exit the wizard.
5. The storage capacity of your NAS has been expanded by the virtual disk. You can go
to "Privilege Settings" > "Share Folders" to create new shared folders on the virtual
disk.
Ic o
Na m e
De sc ription
Edit
To edit a virtual disk name or the authentication information of
n
an iSCSI target.
Connect
To connect to an iSCSI target.
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Disconne
To disconnect an iSCSI target.
ct
Format
To format a virtual disk as EXT3, EXT 4, FAT 32, NTFS, or HFS+
file system.
Delete
To delete a virtual disk or an iSCSI target.
85
4.3 Network
Go to "Control Panel" > "System Settings" > "Network" to configure the network settings
of your NAS.
TC P/IP
(i) IP Addre ss
Configure the TCP/IP settings, DNS Server and default Gateway of the NAS on this
page.
Click the "Edit" button next to an interface under "Edit" to edit the network settings
(including "Network Parameters", "Advanced Options", and "DHCP Server".) For the NAS
with two LAN ports, users can connect both network interfaces to two different
switches and configure the TCP/IP settings. The NAS will acquire two IP addresses which
allow access from two different subnets. This is known as multi-IP settings*. When using
the Finder to detect the NAS IP, the IP of the Ethernet 1 will be shown in LAN 1 only and
the IP of the Ethernet 2 will be shown in LAN 2 only. To use the port trunking mode for
dual LAN connection, see section (iii).
* TS-110, TS-119, TS-210, TS-219, TS-219P, TS-119P+, TS-219P+, TS-112, and TS212 provide one Giga LAN port only therefore do not support dual LAN configuration or
port trunking.
Ne twork Pa ra m e te rs
Under the "Network Parameters" tab on the TCP/IP Property page, configure the following
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settings:
Ne twork Spe e d: Select the network transfer rate according to the network
environment to which the NAS is connected. Select auto negotiation and the NAS
will adjust the transfer rate automatically.
O bta in the IP a ddre ss se ttings a utom a tic a lly v ia DH C P: If the network supports
DHCP, select this option and the NAS will obtain the IP address and network settings
automatically.
Use sta tic IP a ddre ss: To use a static IP address for network connection, enter the
IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway.
Jum bo F ra m e : This feature is not supported by TS-509 Pro, TS-809 Pro, and TS809U-RP. "Jumbo Frames" refer to the Ethernet frames that are larger than 1500
bytes. It is designed to enhance Ethernet networking throughput and reduce the CPU
utilization of large file transfers by enabling more efficient larger payloads per packet.
Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) refers to the size (in bytes) of the largest packet
that a given layer of a communications protocol can transmit. The NAS uses standard
Ethernet frames (1500 bytes) by default. If the network appliances support Jumbo
Frame setting, select the appropriate MTU value for the network environment. The
NAS supports 4074, 7418, and 9000 bytes for MTU.
Note : The Jumbo Frame setting is valid in Gigabit network environment only. All the
network appliances connected must enable Jumbo Frame and use the same MTU
value.
Adv a nc e d O ptions
A Virtual LAN (VLAN) is a group of hosts which communicate as if they were attached to
the same broadcast domain even if they were located in different physical locations. The
NAS can be joined to a VLAN and configured as a backup storage of other devices on the
same VLAN.
To join the NAS to a VLAN, select "Enable VLAN" and enter the VLAN ID (a value
between 0 and 4094). Please keep the VLAN ID safe and make sure the client devices
are able to join the VLAN. If you forgot the VLAN ID and were not able to connect to the
NAS, you would need to press the reset button of the NAS to reset the network
settings. Once the NAS is reset, the VLAN feature will be disabled. If the NAS supports
two Gigabit LAN ports and only one network interface is configured to enable VLAN, you
may also connect to the NAS via the other network interface.
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Note : The VLAN feature is supported by Intel-based NAS models only. Please visit
http://www.qnap.com for details.
DH C P Se rv e r
A DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) server assigns IP addresses to the clients
on a network. Select "Enable DHCP Server" to set the NAS a DHCP server if there is none
on the local network where the NAS locates.
Note :
Do not enable DHCP server if there is one the local network to avoid IP address
conflicts or network access errors.
The DHCP server option is available to Ethernet 1 only when both LAN ports of a
dual LAN NAS are connected to the network and configured as standalone IP
settings.
Sta rt IP, End IP, Le a se Tim e : Set the range of IP addresses allocated by the NAS
to the DHCP clients and the lease time. The lease time refers to the time that an IP
address is leased to the clients. During that time, the IP will be reserved to the
assigned client. When the lease time expires, the IP can be assigned to another
client.
WINS Se rv e r (optiona l): WINS (Windows Internet Naming Service) resolves
Windows network computer names (NetBIOS names) to IP addresses, allowing
Windows computers on a network to easily find and communicate with each other.
Enter the IP address of the WINS server on the network if available.
DNS Suffix (optiona l): The DNS suffix is used for resolution of unqualified or
incomplete host names.
TF TP Se rv e r & B oot F ile (optiona l): The NAS supports PXE booting of network
devices. Enter the IP address of the TFTP server and the boot file (including
directory on the TFTP server and file name). For remote booting of the devices,
enter the public IP address of the TFTP server.
(ii) DNS Server
A DNS (Domain Name Service) server translates between a domain name (such as
google.com) and an IP address (74.125.31.105). Configure the NAS to obtain a DNS
server address automatically or specify the IP address of a DNS server.
Primary DNS Server: Enter the IP address of the primary DNS server.
Secondary DNS Server: Enter the IP address of the secondary DNS server.
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Note :
Please contact the ISP or network administrator for the IP address of the primary
and the secondary DNS servers. When the NAS plays the role as a terminal and
needs to perform independent connection, for example, BT download, enter at
least one DNS server IP for proper URL connection. Otherwise, the function may
not work properly.
If you select to obtain the IP address by DHCP, there is no need to configure the
primary and the secondary DNS servers. In this case, enter "0.0.0.0".
(iii) Default Gateway
Select the gateway settings to use if both LAN ports have been connected to the
network (dual LAN NAS models only).
(iv) Port Trunking
The NAS supports port trunking which combines two Ethernet interfaces into one to
increase the bandwidth and offers load balancing and fault tolerance (also known as
failover). Load balancing is a feature which distributes the workload evenly across two
Ethernet interfaces for higher redundancy. Failover is the capability to switch over to a
standby network interface (also known as the slave interface) when the primary network
interface (also known as the master interface) does not correspond correctly to maintain
high availability.
To use port trunking on the NAS, make sure at least two LAN ports of the NAS have
been connected to the same switch and the settings described in sections (i) and (ii)
have been configured.
Follow the steps below to configure port trunking on the NAS:
1. Click "Port Trunking".
2. Select the network interfaces for a trunking group (Ethernet 1+2, Ethernet 3+4,
Ethernet 5+6, or Ethernet 7+8). Choose a port trunking mode from the drop-down
menu. The default option is Active Backup (Failover).
3. Select a port trunking group to use. Click "Apply".
4. Click "here" to connect to the login page.
5. Go to "Control Panel" > "System Settings" > "Network" > "TCP/IP".
6. Click the "Edit" button under "Edit" to edit the network settings.
Note :
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Make sure the Ethernet interfaces are connected to the correct switch and the
switch has been configured to support the port trunking mode selected on the
NAS.
Port Trunking is available for NAS models with two or more LAN ports only.
The port trunking options available on the NAS:
F ie ld
De sc ription
Switc h Re quire d
Balance-rr
Round-Robin mode is good for general purpose
Supports static
(Round-
load balancing between two Ethernet
trunking. Make
Robin)
interfaces. This mode transmits packets in
sure static
sequential order from the first available slave
trunking is
through the last. Balance-rr provides load
enabled on the
balancing and fault tolerance.
switch.
Active
Active Backup uses only one Ethernet
General switches
Backup
interface. It switches to the second Ethernet
interface if the first Ethernet interface does
not work properly. Only one interface in the
bond is active. The bond's MAC address is
only visible externally on one port (network
adapter) to avoid confusing the switch.
Active Backup mode provides fault tolerance.
Balance XOR
Balance XOR balances traffic by splitting up
Supports static
outgoing packets between the Ethernet
trunking. Make
interfaces, using the same one for each
sure static
specific destination when possible. It
trunking is
transmits based on the selected transmit hash
enabled on the
policy. The default policy is a simple slave
switch.
count operating on Layer 2 where the source
MAC address is coupled with destination MAC
address. Alternate transmit policies may be
selected via the xmit_hash_policy option.
Balance XOR mode provides load balancing
and fault tolerance.
Broadcast
Broadcast sends traffic on both network
Supports static
interfaces. This mode provides fault tolerance.
trunking. Make
90
sure static
trunking is
enabled on the
switch.
IEEE 802.3ad
Dynamic Link Aggregation uses a complex
Supports 802.3ad
(Dynamic
algorithm to aggregate adapters by speed and
LACP
Link
duplex settings. It utilizes all slaves in the
Aggregation)
active aggregator according to the 802.3ad
specification. Dynamic Link Aggregation mode
provides load balancing and fault tolerance
but requires a switch that supports IEEE
802.3ad with LACP mode properly configured.
Balance-tlb
Balance-tlb uses channel bonding that does
(Adaptive
not require any special switch. The outgoing
Transmit
traffic is distributed according to the current
Load
load on each Ethernet interface (computed
Balancing)
relative to the speed). Incoming traffic is
General switches
received by the current Ethernet interface. If
the receiving Ethernet interface fails, the
other slave takes over the MAC address of
the failed receiving slave. Balance-tlb mode
provides load balancing and fault tolerance.
Balance-alb
Balance-alb is similar to balance-tlb but also
(Adaptive
attempts to redistribute incoming (receive
Load
load balancing) for IPV4 traffic. This setup
Balancing)
does not require any special switch support or
configuration. The receive load balancing is
achieved by ARP negotiation sent by the local
system on their way out and overwrites the
source hardware address with the unique
hardware address of one of the Ethernet
interfaces in the bond such that different
peers use different hardware address for the
server. This mode provides load balancing and
fault tolerance.
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General switches
Wi- F i
To connect the NAS to a Wi-Fi network, plug in a wireless dongle into a USB port of the
NAS. The NAS will detect a list of wireless access points. You can connect the NAS to
the Wi-Fi network in two ways.
Note :
The wireless connection performance depends on many factors such as the
adapter model, the USB adapter's performance, and the network environment. For
higher connection performance, you are recommended to use wired connection.
The system supports only one USB Wi-Fi dongle at a time.
Me thod 1: C onne c ting to a n e x isting Wi- F i ne twork:
A list of Wi-Fi access points with signal strength are displayed on the "Wi-Fi Network
Connection" panel.
Ic on / O ption
Na m e
De sc ription
Rescan
Rescan
To search for the Wi-Fi networks in range.
Secured
network
This icon shows that the Wi-Fi network
requires a network key; enter the key to
connect to the network.
To connect to Wi-Fi network. If a security key
Connect
is required, you will be prompted to enter the
key.
To edit the connection information. You may
Edit
also select to connect to the Wi-Fi network
automatically when it is in range.
Disconnect
Remove
To disconnect from the Wi-Fi network.
To delete the Wi-Fi network profile from the
panel.
Select this option to display all the available
Show all
Show all
Wi-Fi networks. Unselect this option to show
only the configured network profiles.
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Click "Rescan" to search for available Wi-Fi networks in range. Select a Wi-Fi network to
connect to and click the "Connect" button. Enter the security key if it is a security-key
enabled network. Click "Next" and the NAS will attempt to connect to the wireless
network. You can view the status of the configured network profiles.
Me ssa ge
De sc ription
Connected
The NAS is currently connected to the Wi-Fi network.
Connecting
The NAS is trying to connect to the Wi-Fi network.
Out of range or
The wireless signal is not available or the SSID is not
hidden SSID
broadcast.
Failed to get IP
The NAS is connected to the Wi-Fi network but could not
get an IP address from the DHCP server. Please check the
router settings.
Association failed
The NAS cannot connect to the Wi-Fi network. Please check
the router settings.
Incorrect key
The security key entered is incorrect.
Auto connect
Automatically connect to the Wi-Fi network if it is in range.
The auto connection function is not supported if the SSID of
the Wi-Fi network is not broadcast.
Me thod 2: Ma nua lly c onne c ting to a Wi- F i ne twork:
To manually connect to a Wi-Fi network that does not broadcast its SSID (network
name), click "Connect to a Wi-Fi network".
You can choose to connect to an ad hoc network in which you can connect to any
wireless devices without the need for an access point. To set up, follow the steps
below:
1. Enter the network name (SSID) of the wireless network and select the security
type.
o No authentication (Open): No security key required.
o WEP: Enter up to 4 WEP keys and choose 1 key to be used for authentication.
o WPA-Personal: Choose either the AES or TKIP encryption type and enter the
encryption key.
o WPA2-Personal: Enter a security key.
2. Type in the security key.
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3. Click "Finish" after the NAS has added the Wi-Fi network.
4. To edit the IP address settings, click the "Edit" button. You can select to obtain the
IP address automatically by DHCP or configure a fixed IP address.
If the Wi-Fi connection is the only connection between the NAS and the router/AP, you
must select "WLAN1" as the default gateway in "Network" > "TCP/IP" page. Otherwise,
the NAS will not be able to connect to the Internet or communicate with another
network.
Note :
The WEP key must be exactly 5 or 13 ASCII characters; or exactly 10 or 26
hexadecimal characters (0-9 and A-F).
If you have trouble connecting to an encrypted wireless network, check the
wireless router/AP settings and change the transfer rate from "N-only" mode to
"B/G/N mixed" or similar settings.
Users of Windows 7 with WPA2 encryption cannot establish ad-hoc connection
with the NAS. Please change to use WEP encryption on Windows 7.
A fixed IP address is required for the wireless interface in order to establish an adhoc connection.
IPv 6
The NAS supports IPv6 connectivity with "stateless" address configurations and RADVD
(Router Advertisement Daemon) for IPv6, RFC 2461 to allow the hosts on the same
subnet to acquire IPv6 addresses from the NAS automatically. The NAS services which
support IPv6 include:
Remote replication
Web Server
FTP
iSCSI (Virtual disk drives)
SSH (putty)
To use this function, select the option "Enable IPv6" and click "Apply". The NAS will
restart. After the system restarts, login the IPv6 page again. The settings of the IPv6
interface will be shown. Click the "Edit" button to edit the settings:
IPv 6 Auto C onfigura tion: If an IPv6 enabled router is available on the network,
select this option to allow the NAS to acquire the IPv6 address and the
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configurations automatically.
Use sta tic IP a ddre ss: To use a static IP address, enter the IP address (e.g.
2001:bc95:1234:5678), prefix length (e.g. 64), and the gateway address for the
NAS. You may contact your ISP for the information of the prefix and the prefix
length.
o Enable Router Advertisement Daemon (radvd): To configure the NAS as an IPv6
host and distribute IPv6 addresses to the local clients which support IPv6,
enable this option and enter the prefix and prefix length.
IPv 6 DNS se rv e r: Enter the preferred DNS server in the upper field and the
alternate DNS server in the lower field. Contact the ISP or network administrator for
the information. If IPv6 auto configuration is selected, leave the fields as "::".
Se rv ic e B inding
The NAS services run on all available network interfaces by default. To bind the services
to one or more specific network interfaces (wired or wireless), enable service binding.
The available network interfaces on the NAS will be shown. All the NAS services run on
all network interfaces by default. Select at least one network interface that each service
should be bound to. Then click "Apply". The users will only be able to connect to the
services via the specified network interface(s). If the settings cannot be applied, click
"Refresh" to list the current network interfaces on the NAS and configure service binding
again.
Note :
The service binding feature is only available for the NAS with more than one
network interfaces (wired and wireless).
After applying the service binding settings, the connection of the currently online
users will be kept even if they were not connecting to the services via the
specified network interface(s). The specified network interface(s) will be used for
the next connected session.
Prox y
Enter the proxy server settings to allow the NAS to access the Internet through a proxy
server for live update of the firmware, virus definition update, and App add-ons
download.
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DDNS Se rv ic e
To allow remote access to the NAS using a domain name instead of a dynamic IP
address, enable the DDNS service.
The NAS supports the DDNS providers: http://www.dyndns.com, http://update.ods.org,
http://www.dhs.org, http://www.dyns.cx, http://www.3322.org, http://www.no-ip.com.
Note : Some DDNS services listed above are not free.
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4.4 Security
Go to "Control Panel" > "System Settings" > "Security" to configure the relevant security
settings of your NAS.
Se c urity Le v e l
Specify the IP address or the network domain from which the connections to the NAS
are allowed or denied. When the connection of a host server is denied, all the protocols
of that server are not allowed to connect to the NAS.After changing the settings, click
"Apply" to save the changes. The network services will be restarted and current
connections to the NAS will be terminated.
Ne twork Ac c e ss Prote c tion
The network access protection enhances system security and prevents unwanted
intrusion. You can block an IP for a certain period of time or forever if the IP fails to login
the NAS from a particular connection method.
C e rtific a te & Priv a te Ke y
The Secure Socket Layer (SSL) is a protocol for encrypted communication between the
web servers and the web browsers for secure data transfer. You can upload a secure
certificate issued by a trusted provider. After uploading a secure certificate, users can
connect to the administration interface of the NAS by SSL connection and there will not
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be any alert or error message. The NAS supports X.509 certificate and private key only.
Download Certificate: To download the secure certificate which is currently in use.
Download Private Key: To download the private key which is currently in use.
Restore Default Certificate & Private Key: To restore the secure certificate and
private key to system default. The secure certificate and private key in use will be
overwritten.
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4.5 Hardware
Go to "Control Panel" > "System Settings" > "Hardware" to configure the hardware
functions of the NAS.
Ge ne ra l
Ena ble c onfigura tion re se t switc h: When this function is turned on, you can
press the reset button for 3 seconds to reset the administrator password and the
system settings to default (the disk data will be retained), or 10 seconds for
advanced system reset.
B a sic sy ste m re se t (3 se c ): After pressing the reset button for 3 seconds, a beep
sound will be heard. The following settings will be reset to default:
o System administration password: admin.
o TCP/IP configuration: Obtain IP address settings automatically via DHCP.
o TCP/IP configuration: Disable Jumbo Frame.
o TCP/IP configuration: If port trunking is enabled (dual LAN models only), the port
trunking mode will be reset to "Active Backup (Failover)".
o System port: 8080 (system service port).
o Security level: Low (Allow all connections).
o LCD panel password: (blank); This feature is only provided by the NAS models
with LCD panels. Please visit http://www.qnap.com for details.
o VLAN will be disabled.
o Service binding: All NAS services run on all available network interfaces.
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Adv a nc e d sy ste m re se t (10 se c ): After pressing the reset button for 10 seconds,
you will hear two beeps at the third and the tenth seconds. The NAS will reset all
the system settings to default as it does by the web-based system reset in
"Administration" > "Restore to Factory Default" except all the data are reserved.
The settings such as the users, user groups, and the shared folders previously
created will be cleared. To retrieve the old data after advanced system reset,
create the same shared folders on the NAS and the data will be accessible again.
Ena ble ha rd disk sta ndby m ode : This option allows the hard drives on the NAS to
enter standby mode if there is no disk access within the specified period.
Ena ble light signa l a le rt whe n the fre e size of SATA disk is le ss tha n the
v a lue : The status LED flashes red and green when this option is turned on and the
free space of the SATA hard drive is less than the value. The valid range of the
value is 1-51200 MB.
Ena ble write c a c he (EX T4 only ): If the disk volume of the NAS is formatted as
EXT4, turn on this option for higher write performance. Note that an unexpected
system shutdown may lead to incomplete data transfer when data write is in
process. This option will be turned off when any of the following services is
enabled: Download Station, MySQL service, user quota, and Surveillance Station.
You are recommended to turn this option off if the NAS is set as a shared storage in
a virtualized or clustered environment.
Ena ble wa rning a le rt for re dunda nt powe r supply on the we b- ba se d
inte rfa c e : If two power supply units (PSU) are installed on the NAS and connected
to the power sockets, both PSU will supply the power to the NAS (applied to 1U and
2U models). Turn on the redundant power supply mode in "System Settings" >
"Hardware" to receive warning alert for the redundant power supply. The NAS will
sound and record the error messages in "System Logs" when the PSU is plugged out
or does not correspond correctly. If only one PSU is installed on the NAS, do NOT
enable this option. Note that this function is disabled by default.
B uzze r
Ena ble a la rm buzze r: Turn on this option to allow the alarm buzzer to beep when
certain system operations (startup, shutdown, or firmware upgrade) are executed or
system events (error or warning) occur.
Write C a c he
Better write performance can be obtained when this option is enabled. Please not that
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an unexpected system shutdown might cause incomplete data transfer when data write
is in progress. This option will be disabled when Download Station or MySQL service is
enabled.
Sm a rt F a n
Smart Fan Configuration:
Ena ble sm a rt fa n (re c om m e nde d): Select to use the default smart fan settings
or define the settings manually. When the system default settings are selected, the
fan rotation speed will be automatically adjusted when the NAS temperature, CPU
temperature, and hard drive temperature meet the criteria. It is recommended to
enable this option.
Se t fa n rota tion spe e d m a nua lly : By manually setting the fan rotation speed, the
fan rotates at the defined speed continuously.
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4.6 Power
You can restart or shut down the NAS, specify the behavior of the NAS after a power
recovery, and set the schedule for automatic system power on/off/restart on this page.
EuP Mode C onfigura tion
EuP (also Energy-using Products) is a European Union (EU) directive designed to improve
the energy efficiency of electrical devices, reduce use of hazardous substances,
increase ease of product recycling, and improve environment-friendliness of the product.
When EuP is enabled, the following settings will be affected so that the NAS maintains
low power consumption (less than 1W) when the NAS is powered off:
Wake on LAN: Disabled.
AC power resumption: The NAS will remain off after the power restores from an
outage.
Scheduled power on, off, restart settings: Disabled.
When EuP is disabled, the power consumption of the NAS is slightly higher than 1W when
the NAS is powered off. EuP is disabled by default so that you can use the functions
Wake on LAN, AC power resumption, and power schedule settings properly.
This feature is only supported by certain NAS models, please visit http://www.qnap.com
for details.
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Wa ke - on- LAN (WO L)
Turn on this option to allow the users to power on the NAS remotely by Wake on LAN.
Note that if the power connection is physically removed (in other words, the power cable
is unplugged) when the NAS is turned off, Wake on LAN will not function whether or not
the power supply is reconnected afterwards.
This feature is only supported by certain NAS models, please visit http://www.qnap.com
for details.
Powe r Re c ov e ry
Configure the NAS to resume to the previous power-on or power-off status, turn on, or
remain off when the AC power resumes after a power outage.
Note : Only X86 based NAS models can be turned on automatically after power
recovery. To set it up for X86 based NAS models, please select the option "Turn on
the server automatically" in "Control Panel" > "System Settings" > "Power" > "Power
Recovery".
Powe r Sc he dule
Specify the schedule for automatic system power on, power off, or restart. Weekdays
stand for Monday to Friday; weekend stands for Saturday and Sunday. Up to 15
schedules can be set.
Turn on the option "Postpone the restart/shutdown schedule when replication job is in
process" to allow the scheduled system restart or shutdown to be carried out after a
running replication job completes. Otherwise, the NAS will ignore the running replication
job and execute scheduled system restart or shutdown.
Note :
The system cannot be shut down or restarted in sleep mode.
If there are other QNAP storage expansion enclosures connected to the NAS, the
sleep mode will be disabled automatically and system will not go into sleep mode.
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4.7 Notification
Go to "Control Panel" > "System Settings" > "Notification" to configure the notification
functions of the NAS.
SMTP Se rv e r
The NAS supports email alert to inform the administrator of system errors and warning.
To receive the alert by email, configure the SMTP server.
Select an email account: specify the type of email account you would like to use
for email alerts.
SMTP Server: Enter the SMTP server name, for example, smtp.gmail.com.
Port Number: Enter the port number for the SMTP server. The default port number is
25.
Email: Enter email address of the alert recipient.
Username and Password: Enter the login information of the email account.
Secure connection: Choose SSL or TLS to ensure a secure connection between the
NAS and SMTP server, or None based on your needs. It is advised to turn this
function on if the SMTP server supports it.
SMSC Se rv e r
Configure the SMSC server settings to send SMS messages to the specified phone
number(s) from the NAS. The default SMS service provider is Clickatell. You can add your
own SMS service provider by selecting "Add SMS Provider" from the drop-down menu.
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When "Add SMS service provider" is selected, enter the name of the SMS provider and
the URL template text.
Note : The URL template text must follow the standard of the SMS service provider
to receive the SMS alert properly.
Ale rt Notific a tion
Select the type of instant alert the NAS will send to the designated users when system
events (warning/error) occur.
E- m a il Notific a tion Se ttings: Specify the email addresses (maximum 2) to receive
instant system alert from the NAS.
SMS Notific a tion Se ttings: Specify the cell phone numbers (maximum 2) to receive
instant system alert from the NAS.
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4.8 Firmware Update
Go to "Control Panel" > "System Settings" > "Firmware Update" to update the firmware
version of your NAS.
Liv e Upda te
Select "Automatically check if a newer version is available when logging into the NAS
web administration interface" to allow the NAS to automatically check if a new firmware
version is available for download from the Internet. If a new firmware is found, you will
be notified after logging in the NAS as an administrator. Click "Check for Update" to
check if any firmware update is available. Note that the NAS must be connected to the
Internet for these features to work.
F irm wa re Upda te
Before updating the system firmware, make sure the product model and firmware version
are correct. Follow the steps below to update firmware:
1. Download the release notes of the firmware from the QNAP website http://www.
qnap.com. Read the release notes carefully to make sure it is required to update
the firmware.
2. Download the NAS firmware and unzip the IMG file to the computer.
3. Before updating the system firmware, back up all the disk data on the NAS to avoid
any potential data loss during the system update.
4. Click "Browse" to select the correct firmware image for the system update. Click
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"Update System" to update the firmware.
The system update may take tens of seconds to several minutes to complete depending
on the network connection status. Please wait patiently. The NAS will inform you when
the system update has completed.
Note : If the system is running properly, you do not need to update the firmware.
Upda te F irm wa re by Q NAP Q finde r
The NAS firmware can be updated by the QNAP Qfinder. Follow the steps below:
1. Select a NAS model and choose "Update Firmware" from the "Tools" menu.
2. Login the NAS as an administrator.
3. Browse and select the firmware for the NAS. Click "Start" to update the system.
Note : The NAS servers of the same model on the same LAN can be updated by the
Finder at the same time. Administrator access is required for system update.
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4.9 Backup/Restore
Go to "Control Panel" > "System Settings" > "Backup/Restore" to back up, restore your
NAS or restore your NAS to factory default.
B a c kup/Re store Se ttings
B a c k up Sy ste m Se ttings: To back up all the settings, including the user
accounts, server name, network configuration and so on, click "Backup" and select
to open or save the setting file.
Re store Sy ste m Se ttings: To restore all the settings, click "Browse" to select a
previously saved setting file and click "Restore".
Re store to F a c tory De fa ult
Re store F a c tory De fa ults & F orm a t a ll V olum e s: Restore system settings to default
and form a t a ll disk v olum e s.
Re se t Se ttings: Restore system settings to default without erasing user data.
Re initia lize NAS: Era se a ll da ta and reinitialize the NAS.
C a ution: The administrator password and system settings will be reset to default if
you press and hold the reset button on the back of the NAS for 3 seconds (but user
data on the disk will still be retained.) However, if you press and hold the Reset
button for 10 seconds, all settings such as users, user groups, and the shared
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folders previously created will be cleared (but user data on the disk will still be
retained.)
Note : For the above Re se t Se ttings and Re se t F a c tory De fa ult & F orm a t V olum e
buttons, only one of them is available on the page (depending on the NAS model.)
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4.10 External Device
Go to "Control Panel" > "System Settings" > "External Storage" and configure external
storage devices, USB printers and UPS systems.
For details on the features, refer to the following links:
External Storage 111
USB Printer 114
UPS 122
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4.10.1 External Storage
The NAS supports external USB and eSATA storage devices for backup and data storage.
Connect the external storage device to a USB or an eSATA interface of the NAS, when
the device is successfully detected, the details will be shown on this page.
Stora ge Inform a tion
Select a storage device and click "Storage Information" to check for its details. The
number of USB and eSATA interfaces supported varies by models. Please refer to http://
www.qnap.com for details. It may take tens of seconds for the NAS server to detect the
external USB or eSATA device successfully. Please wait patiently.
F orm a t
The external storage device can be formatted as EXT3, EXT4, FAT32, NTFS, or HFS+
(Mac only) file system. Click "Format" and select the option from the drop-down menu.
Note : Starting QTS 4.1, labeling is supported for external USB devices. To edit the
label of an external USB drive, please first format it as EX3 and EX4 and click
"Storage Information" to edit its label. The label changed will become the shared
folder name of this external USB device in the File Station (in the File Station, an
USB external device will appear as a shared folder.) Note that this feature is only
supported by the x69, x70 and x79 NAS models.
The NAS supports external drive encryption. To encrypt an external storage device, click
"Encryption". Select the encryption method: AES 128-, 192- or 256-bit and enter the
password (8-16 characters). Select "Save encryption key" to save the password in a
hidden location on a hard drive of the NAS. The NAS will unlock the encrypted external
storage device automatically every time the device is connected. Click Format to
proceed. Click "OK" and all the data will be cleared. The device will be "Ready" after disk
initialization.
Note : For disk volumes larger than 2TB, it is recommended to format them to the
EXT4, NTFS, or HFS+ file system.
Eje c t
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"Eject" offers two different options. "Disconnect disk partition" allows you to remove a
single disk partition or a disk drive in a multi-drive enclosure. "Remove device" allows you
to disconnect external storage devices without the risk of losing any data when the
device is removed. First choose a device to eject, click "Eject" and then to disconnect
the disk partition or remove the device.
Note : To avoid potential data loss, please always use the hardware removal function
in the operating system before removing your external storage device (for a Windows
PC, please use the "Safely Remove Hardware" function; for a Mac, please use the
"Eject" icon; for QTS, please use the "Eject" button.)
Enc ry ption Ma na ge m e nt
If an external storage device is encrypted by the NAS, the button "Encryption
Management" will appear. Click this button to manage the encryption password/key, or
lock or unlock the device.
Loc king the de v ic e
1. To lock an encrypted external storage device, click "Encryption Management".
2. Select "Lock this device" and click "Next".
3. Click "Next" to lock the device.
Note : The external storage device cannot be locked if a real-time or scheduled
backup job is running on the device. To disable the backup job, go to "Control Panel"
> "Applications" > "Backup Station" > "External Drive".
Unloc king the de v ic e
1. To unlock an encrypted external storage device, click "Encryption Management".
2. Select "Unlock this device". Click "Next".
3. Enter the encryption password or upload the key file. Select "Save encryption key" to
save the password in a hidden location on a hard drive of the NAS. The NAS will
unlock the encrypted external storage device automatically every time the device is
connected. Click "Next".
Ma na ging the e nc ry ption ke y
1. To change an encryption password or download an encryption key file, click
"Encryption Management".
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2. Select "Manage encryption key". Click "Next".
3. Select to change the encryption password or download the encryption key file to
the local PC. Click "Next".
Da ta Sha ring
Disk usage settings for 1-drive models. Select one of the following settings for an
external storage device connected to a 1-drive NAS:
Data sharing: Use the external drive for storage expansion of the NAS.
Q-RAID 1: Configure the external drive and a local hard drive on the NAS as Q-RAID
1. Q-RAID 1 enables one-way data synchronization from the NAS to the external
storage device but does not offer any RAID redundancy. Note tha t the e x te rna l
driv e will be form a tte d whe n Q - RAID 1 is e x e c ute d.
After Q-RAID 1 has been executed once, the NAS data will be automatically copied to
the external storage device whenever it is connected to the NAS.
Note :
Only one external hard disk can be set as Q-RAID 1 at one time.
The maximum capacity supported for Q-RAID 1 is 2TB.
It is recommended to use an external storage device of the same capacity as the
internal hard drive of the NAS. If the storage capacity of the external storage
device is too small to synchronize with the internal hard drive, the device can only
be used for data sharing.
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4.10.2 USB Printer
The NAS supports network printing sharing service over local network and the Internet in
Windows, Mac, and Linux (Ubuntu) environments. Up to 3 USB printers are supported.
To share a USB printer by NAS, connect the printer to a USB port of the NAS. The
printer will be detected automatically and the printer's information will be shown.
Printe r Info
click a connected USB printer and then "Printer Info" to review printer details.
Note :
Please connect a USB printer to the NAS after the software configuration is
completed.
The NAS does not support multifunction printer.
The file name display on the printer job table is only available for printer jobs sent
via IPP (Internet Printing Protocol) connection.
For the information of the supported USB printer models, please visit http://www.
qnap.com
Printe r Log
click a connected USB printer and then "Printer Log" to view its print job history. You can
pause or cancel ongoing or pending jobs, resume paused jobs, or delete completed or
pending jobs here. To clear the history, click "Clear".
Note : Do NOT restart the NAS or update the system firmware when printing is in
process or there are queued jobs. Otherwise all the queued jobs will be cancelled and
removed.
C le a n Up Spool Spa c e
Click "Clean Up Spool Space to clean up the data saved in the printer spool.
Settings
click "Settings" to configure basic settings of the printer.
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Stop printe r sha ring a nd c le a r print spool: Select this option to temporarily
disable the selected printer for print sharing. All the data in the printer spool will
also be cleared.
B onjour printe r support: Select this option to broadcast printing service to Mac
users via Bonjour. Enter a service name, which allows the printer to be found by
Bonjour. The name can only contain "a-z", "A-Z", "0-9", dot (.), comma (,) and dash
(-).
Ma x im um Printe r Jobs a nd B la c klist
Ma x im um printe r jobs pe r printe r: Specify the maximum number of printer jobs
for a printer. A printer supports maximum 1,000 printer jobs. The oldest printer job
will be overwritten by the newest one if the printer has reached the maximum
number of printer jobs.
Ente r IP a ddre sse s or dom a in na m e s to a llow or de ny printing a c c e ss: To allow
or deny particular IP addresses or domain names to use the printing service of the
NAS, select "Allow printing" or "Deny printing" and enter the IP address(es) or domain
name(s). An asterisk (*) denotes all connections. To allow all users to use the
printer, select "No limit". Click "Apply" to save the settings.
Note : This feature only works for printing service configured via IPP and Bonjour, but
not Samba.
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4.10.2.1 Windows 7
The following description applies to Windows 7.
Follow the steps below to set up your printer connection:
1. Go to Devices and Printers.
2. Click "Add a printer".
3. In the Add printer wizard, click "Add a network, wireless or Bluetooth printer".
4. While Windows is searching for available network printers, click "The printer that I
want isn't listed".
5. Click "Select a shared printer by name", and then enter the address of the network
printer. The address is in the following format – http://NAS_IP:631/printers/
ServernamePR, where the NAS_IP can also be a domain name address if you want
to print remotely. For example, http://10.8.13.59:631/printers/NASPR3
6. The wizard will prompt you for the correct printer driver. You may also download the
latest printer driver from the manufacturer’s website if it is not built-into Windows
operating system.
7. After installing the correct printer driver, the wizard shows the address and driver of
the new network printer.
8. You may also set the network printer as the default printer or print a test page.
Click "Finish" to exit the wizard.
9. The new network printer is now available for printing.
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4.10.2.2 Windows XP
Follow the steps below to set up your printer connection:
Me thod 1
1. Enter \\NAS IP in Windows Explorer.
2. A printer icon is shown as a shared folder on the server. Double click the icon.
3. Install the printer driver.
4. When finished, you can start to use the network printer service of the NAS.
Me thod 2
The following configuration method has been verified on Windows XP only:
1. Open "Printers and Faxes".
2. Delete the existing network printer (if any).
3. Right click the blank area in the Printers and Faxes window. Select "Server
Properties".
4. Click the "Ports" tab and delete the ports configured for the previous network printer
(if any).
5. Restart your PC.
6. Open Printers and Faxes.
7. Click "Add a printer" and click "Next".
8. Select "Local printer attached to this computer". Click "Next".
9. Click "Create a new port" and select "Local Port" from the drop-down menu. Click
"Next".
10.Enter the port name. The format is \\NAS IP\NAS namepr, for example, NAS IP=
192.168.1.1, NAS name= myNAS, the link is \\192.168.1.1\myNASpr.
11.Install the printer driver.
12.Print a test page.
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4.10.2.3 Mac OS 10.6
If you are using Mac OS 10.6, follow the steps below to configure the printer function of
the NAS:
1. First make sure the Bonjour printer support is enabled on the NAS in "External
Device" > "USB Printer" > "Settings". You may change the Service Name to better
represent the printer.
2. On your Mac, go to "System Preferences", and then click "Print & Fax".
3. In the Print & Fax window, click + to add a printer.
4. The USB network printer will be listed via Bonjour. Select the default printer driver or
you may download and install the latest one from the printer manufacturer’s website.
Click "Add" to add this printer.
5. Additional options may be available for your printer. Click "Continue".
6. The new network printer is now available for printing.
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4.10.2.4 Mac OS 10.5
If you are using Mac OS X 10.5, follow the steps below to configure the printer function
of the NAS.
Make sure your printer is connected to the NAS and the printer information is displayed
correctly on the "USB Printer" page.
1. Go to "Network Services" > "Win/Mac/MFS" > "Microsoft Networking". Enter a
workgroup name for the NAS. You will need this information later.
2. Go to "Print & Fax" on your Mac.
3. Click + to add a printer.
4. Select the NAS workgroup and find the printer name.
5. Enter the username and password to login the printer server on the NAS.
6. Select the printer driver.
7. After installing the printer driver correctly, you can start to use the printer.
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4.10.2.5 Mac OS 10.4
If you are using Mac OS 10.4, follow the steps below to configure the printer function of
the NAS:
1. On the toolbar, click "Go/Utilities".
2. Click "Printer Setup Utility".
3. Click "Add".
4. Press and hold the "alt" key on the keyboard and click "More Printers" concurrently.
5. In the pop up window, select "Advanced" and "Windows Printer with SAMBA", enter
the printer name and the printer URI (the format is smb://NAS IP/printer name. The
printer name is found on the "Device Configuration" > "USB Printer page"), select
"Generic" for Printer Model and click "Add".
6. The printer appears on the printer list. It is ready to use.
Note :
For "Advanced" in Step 5 above, you must hold and press the "alt" key and click
"More Printers" at the same time to view the Advanced printer settings.
Otherwise, this option does not appear.
The network printer service of the NAS supports Postscript printer on Mac OS
only.
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4.10.2.6 Linux (Ubuntu 10.10)
If you are using Linux (Ubuntu 10.10), follow the steps below to configure the printer
function of the NAS:
1. Click the "System" tab, choose "Administration". Then select "Printing".
2. Click "Add" to add a printer.
3. Click "Network Printer", and then select "Internet Printing Protocol (ipp)". Enter the
NAS IP address in "Host". "/printers" is already present. Enter the printer name after
"printers/" in the field "Queue".
4. Before you continue, you may click "Verify" to test the printer connection.
5. The operating system starts to search for the possible driver list.
6. Select the printer driver from the built-in database, or search online.
7. Choose the correct printer model and driver. Depending on the printer, some
additional printer options may be available in the next step.
8. You can rename this printer or enter additional information. Click "Apply" to exit and
finish.
9. The network printer is now available for printing.
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4.10.3 UPS
By enabling the UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply) support, you can protect your NAS
from abnormal system shutdown caused by power disruption. In the event of a power
failure the NAS will shut down automatically or enter auto-protection mode by probing
the power status of the connected UPS unit.
Sta nda lone Mode – USB
To operate under USB standalone mode, follow the steps below:
1. Plug in the USB cable on the UPS to the NAS.
2. Select the option "Enable UPS Support".
3. Choose between whether the NAS will shut down or enter auto-protection mode after
AC power fails. Specify the time in minutes that the NAS should wait before
executing the option you have selected. After the NAS enters auto-protection mode,
the NAS resumes the previous operation status when the power restores.
4. Click "Apply All" to confirm.
Sta nda lone Mode – SNMP
To operate under SNMP standalone mode, follow the steps below:
1. Make sure the NAS is connected to the same physical network as the SNMP-based
UPS.
2. Select the option "Enable UPS Support".
3. Select "APC UPS with SNMP management" from the "Protocol" drop down menu.
4. Enter the IP address of the SNMP-based UPS.
5. Choose between whether the NAS will shut down or enter auto-protection mode after
AC power fails. Specify the time in minutes that the NAS should wait before
executing the option you have selected. After the NAS enters auto-protection mode,
the NAS resumes the previous operation status when the power restores.
6. Click "Apply All" to confirm.
Ne twork Ma ste r Mode
A network UPS master is responsible for communicating with network UPS slaves on the
same physical network about critical power status. To set up your NAS with UPS as
network master mode, plug in the USB cable on the UPS to the NAS and follow the steps
below:
1. Make sure the NAS (the "UPS master") is connected to the same physical network
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as the network UPS slaves.
2. Select the option "Enable UPS Support".
3. Click "Enable network UPS Support". This option appears only when your NAS is
connected to the UPS by a USB cable.
4. Choose between whether the NAS will shut down or enter auto-protection mode after
AC power fails. Specify the time in minutes that the NAS should wait before
executing the option you have selected. After the NAS enters auto-protection mode,
the NAS resumes the previous operation status when the power restores.
5. Enter the "IP address" of other network UPS slaves to be notified in the event of
power failure.
6. Click "Apply All" to confirm and continue the setup for the NAS systems which
operate in network slave mode below.
Ne twork Sla v e Mode
A network UPS slave communicates with network UPS master to receive the UPS status.
To set up your NAS with UPS as network slave mode, follow the steps below:
1. Make sure the NAS is connected to the same physical network as the network UPS
master.
2. Select the option "Enable UPS Support".
3. Select "Network UPS slave" from the "Protocol" drop down menu.
4. Enter the IP address of the network UPS server.
5. Choose between whether the NAS will shut down or enter auto-protection mode after
AC power fails. Specify the time in minutes that the NAS should wait before
executing the option you have selected. After the NAS enters auto-protection mode,
the NAS resumes the previous operation status when the power restores.
6. Click "Apply All" to confirm.
Note : To allow the UPS device to send SNMP alerts to the QNAP NAS in case of
power loss, you may have to enter the IP address of the NAS in the configuration
page of the UPS device.
B e ha v ior of the UPS F e a ture of the NAS
In case of power loss and power recovery, the events will be logged in the "System
Event Logs".
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During a power loss, the NAS will wait for the specified time you enter in the "UPS
Settings" before powering off or entering auto-protection mode.
If the power restores before the end of the waiting time, the NAS will remain in operation
and cancel its power-off or auto-protection action.
Once the power restores:
If the NAS is in auto-protection mode, it will resume to normal operation.
If the NAS is powered off, it will remain off.
Diffe re nc e be twe e n a uto- prote c tion m ode a nd powe r- off m ode
Mode
Adv a nta ge
Disa dv a nta ge
Auto-protection
The NAS resumes after
If the power outage lasts
mode
power recovery.
until the UPS is turned off,
the NAS may suffer from
abnormal shutdown.
Power-off mode
The NAS will be shut down
The NAS will remain off after
properly.
the power recovery. Manual
power on of the NAS is
required.
If the power restores after the NAS has been shut down and before the UPS device is
powered off, you may power on the NAS by Wake on LAN* (if your NAS and UPS device
both support Wake on LAN and Wake on LAN is enabled on the NAS). If the power
restores after both the NAS and the UPS have been shut down, the NAS will react
according to the settings in "System Settings" > "Power Recovery".
*This feature is not supported by TS-110, TS-119, TS-210, TS-219, TS-219P, TS-410,
TS-419P, TS-410U, TS-419U, TS-112, TS-212, TS-412, TS-412U. Please visit http://
www.qnap.com for details.
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4.11 System Status
Go to "Control Panel" > "System Settings" > "System Status" to check on the status of
your NAS.
Sy ste m Inform a tion
View the summary of system information such as the server name, memory, firmware and
system up time on this page.
Ne twork Sta tus
View the current network settings and statistics on this page and they are displayed
based on network interfaces. click the up arrow at top right to collapse the interface
page and down arrow to expand the page.
Sy ste m Se rv ic e
View the current settings of system services provided by the NAS on this page.
H a rdwa re Inform a tion
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View basic hardware information of the NAS on this page.
Re sourc e Monitor
You can view the CPU usage, disk usage, and bandwidth transfer statistics of the NAS
on this page.
CPU Usage: This tab shows the CPU usage of the NAS.
Memory Usage: This tab shows the memory usage of the NAS by real-time dynamic
graph.
Disk Usage: This tab shows the disk space usage of each disk volume and its shared
folders.
Bandwidth Usage: This tab provides information about bandwidth transfer of each
available LAN port of the NAS.
Process: This tab shows information about the processes running on the NAS.
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4.12 System Logs
Go to "Control Panel" > "System Settings" > "System Logs" to configure the logs settings
of your NAS.
Sy ste m Ev e nt Logs
The NAS can store 10,000 recent event logs, including warning, error, and information
messages. If the NAS does not function correctly, refer to the event logs for
troubleshooting.
Tip: Right click a log to delete the record. To clear all logs, click "Clear".
Sy ste m C onne c tion Logs
The NAS supports recording HTTP, FTP, Telnet, SSH, AFP, SAMBA, and iSCSI
connections. Click "Options" to select the connection type to be logged. The file transfer
performance can be slightly affected when this feature is turned on.
Tip: Right click a log and select to delete the record or block the IP and select how
long the IP should be blocked. To clear all the logs, click "Clear".
Start Logging: Turn on this option to archive the connection logs. The NAS generates a
CSV file automatically and saves it to a specified folder when the number of logs reaches
the upper limit. The file-level access logs are available on this page. The NAS will record
the logs when users access, create, delete, move, or rename any files or folders via the
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connection type specified in "Options". To disable this feature, click "Stop logging".
O nline Use rs
The information of the on-line users connecting to the NAS by networking services is
shown on this page.
Tip: Right click a log to disconnect the IP connection and block the IP.
Sy slog C lie nt Ma na ge m e nt
Syslog is a standard for forwarding the log messages on an IP network. Turn on this
option to save the event logs and connection logs to a remote Syslog server. When
converting the connection logs into a CSV file, the connection type and action will be
number coded. Please refer to the table below for the code meaning.
C onne c tion ty pe c ode s
Ac tion c ode s
0 - UNKNOWN
0 - UNKNOWN
1 - SAMBA
1 - DEL
2 - FTP
2 - READ
3 - HTTP
3 - WRITE
4 - NFS
4 - OPEN
5 - AFP
5 - MKDIR
6 - TELNET
6 - NFSMOUNT_SUCC
7 - SSH
7 - NFSMOUNT_FAIL
8 - ISCSI
8 - RENAME
9 - LOGIN_FAIL
10 - LOGIN_SUCC
11 - LOGOUT
12 - NFSUMOUNT
13 - COPY
14 - MOVE
15 - ADD
Adv a nc e d Log Se a rc h
Advanced log search is provided to search for system event logs, system connection
logs and online users based on user preferences. First, specify the log type, users,
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computer name, date range and source IP and click "Search" to search for the desired
logs or reset to list all logs. Please note that for online users, only the source IP and
Computer name can be specified.
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5. Privilege Settings
Go to "Control Panel" > "Privilege Systems" to configure privilege settings, disk quotas
and domain security on the NAS.
For setup details, refer to the following links:
Users 131
User Groups 135
Share Folders 136
Quota 145
Domain Security 146
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5.1 Users
The NAS has created the following users by default:
admin: The administrator "admin" has full access to system administration and all
shared folders. It cannot be deleted.
guest: This is a built-in user and will not be displayed on the "User Management"
page. A guest does not belong to any user group. The login password is "guest".
anonymous: This is a built-in user and will not be shown on the "User Management"
page. When you connect to the server by FTP, you can use this name to login.
The number of users you can create on the NAS varies according to the NAS models. If
your NAS models are not listed, please visit http://www.qnap.com for details.
Ma x im um num be r
NAS m ode ls
of use rs
1,024
TS-110, TS-210
2,048
TS-112, TS-119, TS-119P+, TS-212, TS-219P+, TS-410,
TS-239 Pro II+, TS-259 Pro+
4,096
TS-412, TS-419P+, TS-410U, TS-419U, TS-412U, TS419U+, SS-439 Pro, SS-839 Pro, TS-439 Pro II+, TS459U-RP/SP, TS-459U-RP+/SP+, TS-459 Pro+, TS-459 Pro
II, TS-559 Pro+, TS-559 Pro II, TS-659 Pro+, TS-659 Pro
II, TS-859 Pro+, TS-859U-RP, TS-859U-RP+, TS-809 Pro,
TS-809U-RP, TS-879 Pro, TS-1079 Pro, TS-879U-RP, TSEC879U-RP, TS-1279U-RP, TS-EC1279U-RP
The following information is required to create a new user:
Username: The username is case-insensitive and supports multi-byte characters,
such as Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Russian. The maximum length is 32
characters. The invalid characters are: " / \ [ ] : ; | = , + * ? < > ` '
Password: The password is case-sensitive and supports maximum 16 characters. It is
recommended to use a password of at least 6 characters.
C re a ting a Use r
To create a user on the NAS, follow the steps below:
1. Go to "Control Panel" > "Privilege Settings" > "Users".
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2. Click "Create" > "Create a User".
3. Follow the instructions of the wizard to complete the details.
C re a ting Multiple Use rs
To create multiple users on the NAS, follow the steps below:
1. Go to "Control Panel" > "Privilege Settings" > "Users".
2. Click "Create" > "Create Multiple Users".
3. Click "Next".
4. Enter the name prefix, e.g. test. Enter the start number for the username, e.g. 0001
and the number of users to be created, e.g. 10. The NAS creates ten users named
test0001, test0002, test0003…test0010. The password entered here is the same for
all the new users.
5. Select to create a private shard folder for each user or not. The shared folder will be
named after the username. If a shared folder of the same name has already existed,
the NAS will not create the folder.
6. Specify the folder settings.
7. You can view the new users created in the last step. Click "Finish" to exit the wizard.
8. Check that the users have been created.
9. Check that the shared folders have been created for the users.
Im porting/Ex porting Use rs
You can import users to or export users from the NAS with this function.
Ex porting use rs
Follow the steps below to export users from the NAS:
1. Go to "Control Panel" > "Privilege Settings" > "Users".
2. Click "Create" > "Import/Export Users".
3. Select the option "Export user and user group settings".
4. Click "Next" to download and save the account setting file (*.bin). The file can be
imported to another NAS for account setup.
Im porting use rs
Before you import users to the NAS, make sure you have backed up the original users
settings by exporting the users. Follow the steps below to import users to the NAS:
1. Go to "Control Panel" > "Privilege Settings" > "Users".
2. Click "Create" > "Import/Export Users".
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3. Select "Import user and user group settings". Select the option "Overwrite duplicate
users" to overwrite existing users on the NAS. Click "Browse" and select the file (*.
txt, *.csv, *.bin) which contains the users information and click "Next" to import the
users.
4. Click "Finish" after the users have been created.
5. The imported user accounts will be shown.
Note :
The password rules (if applicable) will not be applied when importing the users.
The quota settings can be exported only when the quota function is enabled in
"Privilege Settings" > "Quota".
The NAS supports importing user accounts from TXT, CSV or BIN files. To create a list of
user accounts with these file types, follow the steps below.
TX T
1. Open a new file with a text editor.
2. Enter a user's information in the following order and separate them by ",": Username,
Password, Quota (MB), Group Name
3. Go to the next line and repeat the previous step to create another user account.
Each line indicates one user's information.
4. Save the file in UTF-8 encoding if it contains double-byte characters.
Note that if the quota is left empty, the user will have no limit in using the disk space of
the NAS.
C SV (Ex c e l)
1. Open a new file with Excel.
2. Enter a user's information in the same row in the following order:
o Column A: Username
o Column B: Password
o Column C: Quota (MB)
o Column D: Group name
3. Go to the next row and repeat the previous step to create another user account.
Each row indicates one user's information. Save the file in CSV format.
4. Open the CSV file with Notepad and save it in UTF-8 encoding if it contains doublebyte characters.
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B IN (Ex porte d from the NAS)
The BIN file is exported from a QNAP NAS. It contains information including username,
password, quota, and user group. The quota setting can be exported only when the
quota function is enabled in "Privilege Settings" > "Quota".
H om e F olde rs
Enable Home Folders to create a personal folder to each local and domain user on the
NAS. Users can access their folders "home" via Microsoft networking, FTP, AFP, and File
Station. All the home folders are located in the shared folder "Homes", which can only be
accessed by "admin" by default.
To use this feature, click "Home Folders". Select "Enable home folder for all users" and
the disk volume where the home folders will be created in. Click "Apply".
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5.2 User Groups
A user group is a collection of users with the same access right to the files or folders.
The NAS has created the following user groups by default:
administrators: All the members in this group have the administration right of the
NAS. This group cannot be deleted.
everyone: All the registered users belong to everyone group. This group cannot be
deleted.
The number of user groups you can create on the NAS varies according to the NAS
models. If your NAS models are not listed, please visit http://www.qnap.com for details.
Ma x im um num be r of
NAS m ode ls
use r groups
128
TS-110, TS-210
256
TS-112, TS-119, TS-119P+, TS-212, TS-219P+, TS410, TS-239 Pro II+, TS-259 Pro+
512
TS-412, TS-419P+, TS-410U, TS-419U, TS-412U, TS419U+, SS-439 Pro, SS-839 Pro, TS-439 Pro II+, TS459U-RP/SP, TS-459U-RP+/SP+, TS-459 Pro+, TS-459
Pro II, TS-559 Pro+, TS-559 Pro II, TS-659 Pro+, TS659 Pro II, TS-859 Pro+, TS-859U-RP, TS-859U-RP+,
TS-809 Pro, TS-809U-RP, TS-879 Pro, TS-1079 Pro, TS879U-RP, TS-EC879U-RP, TS-1279U-RP, TS-EC1279U-RP
A group name must not exceed 256 characters. It is case-insensitive and supports
double-byte characters, such as Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, except the following
ones: " / \ [ ] : ; | = , + * ? < > ` '
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5.3 Shared Folders
Go to "Control Panel" > "Privilege Settings" > "Shared Folders" to configure shared folders
of your NAS.
Sha re d F olde rs
You can create multiple shared folders on the NAS and specify the access rights of the
users and user groups to the shares. The number of shared folders you can create on
the NAS varies according to the NAS models. If your NAS models are not listed, please
visit http://www.qnap.com for details.
Maximum number of
NAS models
shared folders
256
TS-110, TS-210, TS-112, TS-119, TS-119P+, TS212, TS-219P+, TS-x20, TS-x21, TS-410, TS-239 Pro
II+, TS-259 Pro+
512
TS-412, TS-419P+, TS-410U, TS-419U, TS-412U,
TS-419U+, SS-439 Pro, SS-839 Pro, TS-439 Pro II+,
TS-459U-RP/SP, TS-459U-RP+/SP+, TS-459 Pro+,
TS-459 Pro II, TS-559 Pro+, TS-559 Pro II, TS-659
Pro+, TS-659 Pro II, TS-859 Pro+, TS-859U-RP, TS859U-RP+, TS-809 Pro, TS-809U-RP, TS-x70, TS-879
Pro, TS-1079 Pro, TS-879U-RP, TS-EC879U-RP, TS-
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1279U-RP, TS-EC1279U-RP
On the folder list, you can view the current data size, number of sub-folders and files
created in the shared folder, and the folder status (hidden or not).
To create a shared folder, follow the steps below:
1. Click "Create" > "Shared Folder".
2. Click "Next".
3. Enter the folder settings.
o Folder name: Enter the share name. The share name does not support " / \
[ ] : ; | =, +* ? <>` '
o Disk Volume: Select which disk volume on which to create the folder.
o Description: Enter an optional description of the shared folder.
o Hide Folder: Select to hide the shared folder or not in Microsoft Networking.
When a shared folder is hidden, you have to enter the complete directory \
\NAS_IP\share_name to access the share.
o Lock file (oplocks): Opportunistic locking is a Windows mechanism for the client
to place an opportunistic lock (oplock) on a file residing on a server in order to
cache the data locally for improved performance. Oplocks is enabled by default
for everyday usage. For networks that require multiple users concurrently
accessing the same file such as a database, oplocks should be disabled.
o Recycle Bin: Enable the Network Recycle Bin for created shared folders. The
option "Restrict the access of Recycle Bin to administrators only for now", once
enabled, will ensure that files deleted and moved to the Network Recycle Bin can
only be recovered by administrators.
o Path: Specify the path of the shared folder or select to let the NAS specify the
path automatically.
4. Select the way you want to specify the access right to the folder and specify the
guest access right.
5. If you select to specify the access right by user or user group, you can select to
grant read only, read/write, or deny access to the users or user groups.
6. Confirm the settings and click "Next".
7. Click "Finish" to complete the setup.
To delete a shared folder, select the folder checkbox and click "Remove". You can select
the option "Also delete the data. (Mounted ISO image files will not be deleted)" to delete
the folder and the files in it. If you select not to delete the folder data, the data will be
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retained in the NAS. You can create a shared folder of the same name again to access
the data.
Ic o
Na m e
De sc ription
Folder
Edit the folder property. Select to hide or show the network
Property
drive, enable or disable oplocks, folder path, comment,
n
restrict the access of Recycle Bin to administrators (files
can only be recovered by administrators from the Network
Recycle Bin) and enable or disable write-only access on FTP
connection.
Folder
Edit folder permissions and subfolder permissions.
Permissions
Refresh
Refresh the shared folder details.
Folder Permissions
Configure folder and subfolder permissions on the NAS. To edit basic folder permissions,
locate a folder name in "Privilege Settings" > "Shared Folders" and click "Folder
Permissions". The folder name will be shown on the left and the users with configured
access rights are shown in the panel. You can also specify the guest access right at the
bottom of the panel. Click "Add" to select more users and user groups and specify their
access rights to the folder. Click "Add" to confirm. Click "Remove" to remove any
configured permissions. You can select multiple items by holding the Ctrl key and left
clicking the mouse. Click "Apply" to save the settings.
Subfolder Permissions
The NAS supports subfolder permissions for secure management of the folders and
subfolders. You can specify read, read/write, and deny access of individual user to each
folder and subfolder.
To configure subfolder permissions, follow the steps below:
1. Go to "Privilege Settings" > "Shared Folders" > "Advanced Permissions" tab. Select
"Enable Advanced Folder Permissions" and click "Apply".
2. Go to "Privilege Settings" > "Shared Folders" > "Shared Folders" tab. Select a root
folder, for example Dept, and click "Folder Permissions". The shared folder name and
its first-level subfolders are shown on the left. The users with configured access
rights are shown in the panel, with special permission below. Double click the first-
138
level subfolders to view the second-level subfolders. Select the root folder (Dept).
Click "+ Add" to specify read only, read/write, or deny access for the users and user
groups.
3. Click "Add" when you have finished the settings.
4. Specify other permissions settings below the folder permissions panel.
o Guest Access Right: Specify to grant full or read only access or deny guest
access.
o Owner: Specify the owner of the folder. By default, the folder owner is the
creator.
5. To change the folder owner, click the "Folder Property" button next to the owner
field.
6. Select a user from the list or search a username. Then click "Set".
o Only the owner can delete the contents: When you apply this option to a folder,
e.g. Dept, only the folder owner can delete the first-level subfolders and files.
Users who are not the owner but possess read/write permission to the folder
cannot delete the folders Admin, HR, Production, Sales, and test in this example.
This option does not apply to the subfolders of the selected folder even if the
options "Apply changes to files and subfolders" and "Apply and replace all existing
permissions of this folder, files, and subfolders" are selected.
o Only admin can create files and folders: This option is only available for root
folders. Select this option to allow admin to create first-level subfolders and files
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in the selected folder only. For example, in the folder "Dept", only admin can
create files and subfolders Admin, HR, Production, and so on. Other users with
read/write access to Dept can only create files and folders in the second and
lower-level subfolders such as Admin01, Admin02, HR1, and HR2.
o Apply changes to files and subfolders: Apply permissions settings except owner
protection and root folder write protection settings to all the files and subfolders
within the selected folder. These settings include new users, deleted users,
modified permissions, and folder owner. The options "Only the owner can delete
the contents" and "Only admin can create files and folders" will not be applied to
subfolders.
o Apply and replace all existing permissions of this folder, files, and subfolders:
Select this option to override all previously configured permissions of the
selected folder and its files and subfolders except owner protection and root
folder write protection settings. The options "Only the owner can delete the
contents" and "Only admin can create files and folders" will not be applied to
subfolders.
o Special Permission: This option is only available for root folders. Select this
option and choose between "Read only" or "Read/Write" to allow a user to access
to all the contents of a folder irrespectively of the pre-configured permissions. A
user with special permission will be identified as "admin" when he/she connects to
the folder via Microsoft Networking. If you have granted special permission with
"Read/Write" access to the user, the user will have full access and is able to
configure the folder permissions on Windows. Note that all the files created by
this user belong to "admin". Since "admin" does not have quota limit on the NAS,
the number and size of the files created by users with special permission will not
be limited by their pre-configured quota settings. This option should be used for
administrative and backup tasks only.
7. After changing the permissions, click "Apply" and then "YES" to confirm.
Note :
You can create maximum 230 permission entries for each folder when Advanced
Folder Permission is enabled.
If you have specified "deny access" for a user on the root folder, the user will not
be allowed to access the folder and subfolders even if you select read/write
access to the subfolders.
If you have specified "read only access" for a user on the root folder, the user will
have read only access to all the subfolders even if you select read/write access
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to the subfolders.
To specify read only permission on the root folder and read/write permission on
the subfolders, you must set read/write permission on the root folder and use the
option "Only admin can create files and folders" (to be explained later).
If an unidentified account ID (such as 500) is shown for a subfolder on the
permission assignment page after you click the "Access Permissions" button next
to a shared folder in "Control Panel">"Privilege Settings">"Shared Folders">"Shared
Folder", it is likely that the permission of that subfolder has been granted to a
user account that no longer exists. In this case, please select this unidentified
account ID and click "Remove" to delete this account ID.
Microsoft Networking Host Access Control
The NAS folders can be accessed via Samba connection (Windows) by default. You can
specify the IP addresses and hosts which are allowed to access the NAS via Microsoft
Networking. Follow the steps below to set up:
1. Click "Folder Permissions".
2. Select "Microsoft Networking host access" from the drop-down menu on top of the
page.
3. Specify the allowed IP addresses and host names. The following IP address and
host name are used as example here:
o IP address: 192.168.12.12 or 192.168.*.*
o Host name: dnsname.domain.local or *.domain.local
4. click "Add" to enter the IP address and host name and then "Apply".
Notific a tions on c ha ra c te rs use d:
Wildcard characters: You can enter wildcard characters in an IP address or host
name entry to represent unknown characters.
Asterisk (*): Use an asterisk (*) as a substitute for zero or more characters. For
example, if you enter *.domain.local, the following items are included: a.domain.local,
cde.domain.local, or test.domain.local
Question mark (?): Use a question mark (?) as a substitute for only one character.
For example, test?.domain.local includes the following: test1.domain.local, test2.
domain.local, or testa.domain.local
When you use wildcard characters in a valid host name, dot (.) is included in wildcard
characters. For example, when you enter *.example.com, "one.example.com" and "one.
two.example.com" are included.
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ISO Sha re d F olde rs
You can mount the ISO image files on the NAS as ISO shares and access the contents
without disc burning. The NAS supports mounting up to 256 ISO shares.
TS-110, TS-119, TS-120, TS-121, TS-210, TS-219, TS-219P, TS-220, TS-221, TS-410,
, TS-119P+, TS-219P+, TS-112, TS-212 support maximum 256 network shares only
(including 6 default network shares). The maximum number of ISO image files supported
by these models is less than 256 (256 minus 6 default shares minus number of network
recycle bin folders).
Follow the steps below to mount an ISO file on the NAS by the web interface:
1. Login the NAS as an administrator. Go to "Share Folders" > "Create". Click "Create
an ISO Share".
2. Select an ISO image file on the NAS. Click "Next".
3. The image file will be mounted as a shared folder of the NAS. Enter the folder name.
4. Specify the access rights of the NAS users or user groups to the shared folder. You
can also select "Deny Access" or "Read only" for the guest access right. Click "Next".
5. Confirm the settings and click "Next".
6. Click "Finish".
7. After mounting the image file, you can specify the access rights of the users over
different network protocols such as SMB, AFP, NFS, and WebDAV by clicking the
Access Permission icon in the "Action" column.
The NAS supports mounting ISO image files by the File Station. Please refer to the
chapter on File Station 234 for details.
Note :
For ARM based NAS models, Cyrillic characters are not supported for the name of
a subfolder in an ISO shared folder (the name will not be correctly displayed if
that subfolder is created with a Cyrillic name.) Please name the subfolder with a
different language before an ISO file is created.
For Mac OSX, mounting a folder that contains the # character in the folder name
through WebDAV is not supported. Please rename the folder before mounting it if
necessary.
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F olde r Aggre ga tion
You can aggregate the shared folders on Microsoft network as a portal folder on the NAS
and let the NAS users access the folders through your NAS. Up to 10 folders can be
linked to a portal folder. To use this function, follow the steps below:
1. Enable folder aggregation.
2. Click "Create A Portal Folder".
3. Enter the portal folder name. Select to hide the folder or not, and enter an optional
comment for the portal folder.
4. Click the "Link Configuration" button under "Action" and enter the remote folder
settings. Make sure the folders are open for public access.
5. Upon successful connection, you can connect to the remote folders through the
NAS.
Note :
Folder Aggregation is supported only in Microsoft networking service and
recommended for a Windows AD environment.
If there is permission control on the folders, you need to join the NAS and the
remote servers to the same AD domain.
Adv a nc e d Pe rm issions
"Advanced Folder Permissions" and "Windows ACL" provide subfolder and file level
permissions control. They can be enabled independently or together.
Protoc ols
Pe rm ission
O ptions
H ow to
C onfigure
Advanced Folder
FTP, AFP, File
3 (Read, Read &
Permissions
Station, Samba
Write, Deny)
Windows ACL
Samba
13 (NTFS
Windows File
permissions)
Explorer
FTP, AFP, File
Please see the
Windows File
Station, Samba
application note (
Explorer
Both
http://www.qnap.
com/index.php?
lang=en&sn=4686)
for more details.
143
NAS web UI
Adv a nc e d F olde r Pe rm issions
Use "Advanced Folder Permissions" to configure subfolder permissions directly from the
NAS UI. There is no depth limitation for the subfolder permissions. However, it is highly
recommended to change the permissions only on the first or second level of the
subfolders. When "Advanced Folder Permissions" is enabled, click the "Folder Permissions"
button under the "Shared Folders" tab to configure the subfolder permission settings. See
Shared Folders" > "Folder Permission of this section for details.
Windows AC L
Use "Windows ACL" to configure the subfolder and file level permissions from Windows File
Explorer. All Windows Permissions are supported. For detailed Windows ACL behavior,
please refer to standard NTFS permissions: http://www.ntfs.com/#ntfs_permiss
To assign subfolder and file permissions to a user or a user group, full control sharelevel permissions must be granted to the user or user group.
When Windows ACL is enabled while "Advanced Folder Permissions" are disabled,
subfolder and file permissions will have effect only when accessing the NAS from
Windows File Explorer. Users connecting to the NAS via FTP, AFP, or File Station will
only have share-level permissions.
When Windows ACL and Advanced Folder Permissions are both enabled, users
cannot configure Advanced Folder Permissions from the NAS UI. The permissions
(Read only, Read/Write, and Deny) of Advanced Folder Permissions for AFP, File
Station, and FTP will automatically follow Windows ACL configuration.
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5.4 Quota
To allocate the disk volume efficiently, you can specify the quota that can be used by
each user. When this function is enabled and a user has reached the disk quota, the
user cannot upload any data to the server anymore. By default, no limitations are set for
the users. You can modify the following options:
Enable quota for all users
Quota size on each disk volume
After applying the changes, the quota settings will be shown. Click "Generate" to
generate a quota settings file in CSV format. After the file has been generated, click
"Download" to save it to your specified location.
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5.5 Domain Security
The NAS supports user authentication by local access right management, Microsoft
Active Directory (Windows Server 2003/2008/2012), and Lightweight Directory Access
Protocol (LDAP) directory. By joining the NAS to an Active Directory or a LDAP
directory, the AD or LDAP users can access the NAS using their own accounts without
extra user account setup on the NAS.
No domain security: Only the local users can access the NAS.
Active Directory authentication (domain members): Join the NAS to an Active
Directory. The domain users can be authenticated by the NAS. After joining the
NAS to an AD domain, both the local NAS users and AD users can access the NAS
via the following protocols/services:
o Samba (Microsoft Networking)
o AFP
o FTP
o File Station
LDAP authentication: Connect the NAS to an LDAP directory. The LDAP users can
be authenticated by the NAS. After connecting the NAS to an LDAP directory,
either the local NAS users or the LDAP users can be authenticated to access the
NAS via Samba (Microsoft Networking). Both the local NAS users and LDAP users
can access the NAS via the following protocols/services:
o AFP
o FTP
o File Station
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5.5.1 Joining NAS to Active Directory (Windows Server 2003/2008/2012)
Active Directory is a Microsoft directory used in Windows environments to centrally
store, share, and manage the information and resources on the network. It is a
hierarchical data centre which centrally holds the information of the users, user groups,
and the computers for secure access management. The NAS supports Active Directory
(AD). By joining the NAS to the Active Directory, all the user accounts of the AD server
will be imported to the NAS automatically. The AD users can use the same set of
username and password to login the NAS. If you are using Active Directory with
Windows Server 2008 R2, you must update the NAS firmware to V3.2.0 or above to join
the NAS to the AD.
Joining the NAS to Ac tiv e Dire c tory Ma nua lly
Follow the steps below to join the QNAP NAS to the Windows Active Directory.
1. Login the NAS as an administrator. Go to "System Settings" > "General Settings" >
"Time". Set the date and time of the NAS, which must be consistent with the time
of the AD server. The maximum time difference allowed is 5 minutes.
2. Go to "System Settings" > "Network" > "TCP/IP". Set the IP of the primary DNS
server as the IP of the Active Directory server that contains the DNS service. It
must be the IP of the DNS server that is used for your Active Directory. If you use
an external DNS server, you will not be able to join the domain.
3. Go to "Privilege Settings" > "Domain Security". Enable "Active Directory
authentication (domain member)", and enter the AD domain information.
Note :
Enter a fully qualified AD domain name, for example, qnap-test.com
The AD user entered here must have the administrator access right to the AD
domain.
WINS Support: If you are using a WINS server on the network and the
workstation is configured to use that WINS server for name resolution, you must
set up the WINS server IP on the NAS (use the specified WINS server.)
Joining the NAS to Ac tiv e Dire c tory (AD) by Q uic k C onfigura tion Wiza rd
To join the NAS to an AD domain by the Quick Configuration Wizard, follow the steps
below.
1. Go to "Privilege Settings" > "Domain Security". Select "Active Directory
147
authentication (domain member)" and click "Quick Configuration Wizard".
2. Read the introduction of the wizard. Click "Next".
3. Enter the domain name of the domain name service (DNS). The NetBIOS name will
be generated automatically when you type the domain name. Specify the DNS
server IP for domain resolution. The IP must be the same as the DNS server of your
Active Directory. Click "Next".
4. Select a domain controller from the drop-down menu. The domain controller is
responsible for time synchronization between the NAS and the domain server and
user authentication. Enter the domain administrator name and password. Click
"Join".
5. Upon successful login to the domain server, the NAS has joined to the domain. Click
"Finish" to exit the wizard.
6. Go to "Privilege Settings" > "Users" or "User Groups" to load the domain users or user
groups to the NAS.
Windows 2003
The AD server name and AD domain name can be checked in "System Properties" in
Windows. As an example, for Windows 2003 servers, if you see "node1.qnap-test.com"
as the "Full computer name" on the system properties dialog window, the AD server
name is "node1" and NOT "node1.qnap-test.com" and the domain name remains the
same as qnap-test.com.
Windows Server 2008
Check the AD server name and domain name in "Control Panel" > "System" in Windows.
In the system dialog window, the AD server name will appear as the computer name
and the domain name can be found in the domain field.
Note :
After joining the NAS to the Active Directory, the local NAS users who have
access right to the AD server should use "NASname\username" to login; the AD
users should use their own usernames to login the AD server.
For TS-109/209/409/509 series NAS, if the AD domain is based on Windows 2008
Server, the NAS firmware must be updated to version 2.1.2 or above.
Windows 7
If you are using a Windows 7 PC which is not a member of an Active Directory, while
your NAS is an AD domain member and its firmware version is earlier than v3.2.0,
148
change your PC settings as shown below to allow your PC to connect to the NAS:
1. Go to "Control Panel" > "Administrative Tools".
2. Click "Local Security Policy".
3. Go to "Local Policies" > "Security Options". Select "Network security: LAN Manager
authentication level".
4. Select the "Local Security Setting" tab, and select "Send LM & NTLMv2 – use
NTLMv2 session security if negotiated" from the list. Then click "OK".
Verifying the settings
To verify that the NAS has been joined to the Active Directory successfully, go to
"Privilege Settings" > "Users" and "User Groups". A list of users and user groups will be
shown on the "Domain Users" and "Domain Groups" lists respectively. If you have
created new users or user groups in the domain, you can click the reload button. This
will reload the user and user group lists from the Active Directory to the NAS. The user
permission settings will be synchronized in real time with the domain controller.
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5.5.2 Connecting NAS to an LDAP Directory
LDAP stands for Lightweight Directory Access Protocol. It is a directory that can store
the information of all the users and groups in a centralized server. Using LDAP, the
administrator can manage the users in the LDAP directory and allow the users to
connect to multiple NAS servers with the same username and password. This feature is
intended for administrator and users who have some knowledge about Linux servers,
LDAP servers, and Samba. An LDAP server which is up and running is required when
using the LDAP feature of the QNAP NAS.
Re quire m e nts
Required information/settings:
The LDAP server connection and authentication information
The LDAP structure, where the users and groups are stored
The LDAP server security settings
C onne c ting Q NAP Turbo NAS to LDAP Dire c tory
Follow the steps below to connect the QNAP NAS to an LDAP directory:
1. Login the web interface of the NAS as an administrator.
2. Go to "Privilege Settings" > "Domain Security". By default, the option "No domain
security" is enabled. That means only the local NAS users can connect to the NAS.
3. Select "LDAP authentication" and complete the settings.
o LDAP Server Host: The host name or IP address of the LDAP server.
o LDAP Security: Specify how the NAS will communicate with the LDAP server:
ldap:// = Use a standard LDAP connection (default port: 389).
ldap:// (ldap + SSL) = Use an encrypted connection with SSL (default port:
686). This is usually used by older version of LDAP servers.
Ldap:// (ldap + TLS) = Use an encrypted connection with TLS (default port:
389). This is usually used by newer version of LDAP servers
o BASE DN: The LDAP domain. For example: dc=mydomain,dc=local
o Root DN: The LDAP root user. For example cn=admin, dc=mydomain,dc=local
o Password: The root user password.
o Users Base DN: The organization unit (OU) in which users are stored. For
example: ou=people,dc=mydomain,dc=local
o Groups Base DN: The organization unit (OU) in which groups are stored. For
example ou=group,dc=mydomain,dc=local
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4. Click "Apply" to save the settings. Upon successful configuration, the NAS will be
able to connect to the LDAP server.
5. Configure LDAP authentication options.
o If Microsoft Networking has been enabled (Network Services > Win/Mac/NFS >
Microsoft Networking) when applying the LDAP settings, specify the users who
can access the NAS via Microsoft Networking (Samba).
Local users only: Only the local NAS users can access the NAS via Microsoft
Networking.
LDAP users only: Only the LDAP users can access the NAS via Microsoft
Networking.
o If Microsoft Networking is enabled after the NAS has already been connected to
the LDAP server, select the authentication type for Microsoft Networking.
Standalone Server: Only local NAS users can access the NAS via Microsoft
Networking.
LDAP Domain Authentication: Only LDAP users can access the NAS via
Microsoft Networking.
6. When the NAS is connected to an LDAP server, the administrator can:
o Go to "Privilege Settings" > "Users" and select "Domain Users" from the dropdown menu. The LDAP users list will be shown.
o Go to "Privilege Settings" > "User Groups" and select "Domain Groups" from the
drop-down menu. The LDAP groups will be shown.
o Specify the folder permissions of the LDAP domain users or groups in "Privilege
Settings" > "Shared Folders" > click the "Access Permissions" button next to the
folder to be configured.
Note : Both the LDAP users and local NAS users can access the NAS via File
Station, FTP, and AFP.
LDAP Authe ntic a tion Te c hnic a l Re quire m e nts with Mic rosoft Ne tworking
Required items to authenticate the LDAP users on Microsoft Networking (Samba):
1. A third party software to synchronize the password between LDAP and Samba in
the LDAP server.
2. Importing the Samba schema to the LDAP directory.
A. Third- pa rty softwa re
151
Some software applications are available and allow management of the LDAP users,
including Samba password. For example:
LDAP Account Manager (LAM), with a Web-based interface, available at: http://
www.ldap-account-manager.org/
smbldap-tools (command line tool)
webmin-ldap-useradmin - LDAP user administration module for Webmin.
B. Sa m ba sc he m a
To import the samba schema to the LDAP server, please refer to the documentation or
FAQ of the LDAP server. The samba.schema file is required and can be found in the
directory examples/LDAP in the Samba source distribution. Example for open-ldap in the
Linux server where the LDAP server is running (it can be different depending on the
Linux distribution):
Copy the samba schema:
zcat /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/examples/LDAP/samba.schema.gz > /etc/ldap/
schema/samba.schema
Edit /etc/ldap/slapd.conf (openldap server configuration file) and make sure the
following lines are present in the file:
include /etc/ldap/schema/samba.schema
include /etc/ldap/schema/cosine.schema
include /etc/ldap/schema/inetorgperson.schema
include /etc/ldap/schema/nis.schema
C onfigura tion e x a m ple s
The following are some configuration examples. They are not mandatory and need to be
adapted to match the LDAP server configuration:
1. Linux OpenLDAP Server
o Base DN: dc=qnap,dc=com
o Root DN: cn=admin,dc=qnap,dc=com
o Users Base DN: ou=people,dc=qnap,dc=com
o Groups Base DN: ou=group,dc=qnap,dc=com
2. Mac Open Directory Server
o Base DN: dc=macserver,dc=qnap,dc=com
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o Root DN: uid=root,cn=users,dc=macserver,dc=qnap,dc=com
o Users Base DN: cn=users,dc=macserver,dc=qnap,dc=com
o Groups Base DN: cn=groups,dc=macserver,dc=qnap,dc=com
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6. Network Services
Go to "Control Panel" > "Network Services" to configure network services on the NAS.
For setup details, refer to the following links:
Win/Mac/NFS 155
FTP 159
Telnet/SSH 161
SNMP Settings 162
Service_Discovery 164
Network_Recycle_Bin 165
Qsync 167
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6.1 Win/Mac/NFS
Go to "Control Panel" > "Network Services" > "Win/Mac/NFS" to configure networking
services.
Mic rosoft Ne tworking
To allow access to the NAS on Microsoft Windows Network, enable file service for
Microsoft networking. Specify also how the users will be authenticated.
Sta nda lone Se rv e r
Use local users for authentication. The NAS will use the local user accounts information
(created in "Privilege Settings" > "Users") to authenticate the users who access the
NAS.
Server Description (optional): Describe the NAS so that the users can easily identify
the server on Microsoft Network.
Workgroup: Specify the workgroup to which the NAS belongs. A workgroup name
supports up to 15 characters but cannot contain: " + = / \ : | * ? < > ; [ ] % , `
AD Dom a in Me m be r
Use Microsoft Active Directory (AD) to authenticate the users. To use this option,
enable Active Directory authentication in "Privilege Settings" > "Domain Security" and
join the NAS to an Active Directory.
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LDAP Dom a in Authe ntic a tion
Use Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) directory to authenticate the users.
To use this option, enable LDAP authentication and specify the settings in "Privilege
Settings" > "Domain Security". When this option is enabled, you need to select either
the local NAS users or the LDAP users can access the NAS via Microsoft Networking.
Advanced Options
WINS se rv e r: If the local network has a WINS server installed, specify the IP
address. The NAS will automatically register its name and IP address with WINS
service. If you have a WINS server on your network and want to use this server,
enter the WINS server IP. Do not turn on this option if you are not sure about the
settings.
Loc a l Dom a in Ma ste r: A Domain Master Browser is responsible for collecting and
recording resources and services available for each PC on the network or a
workgroup of Windows. When you find the waiting time for connecting to the
Network Neighborhood/My Network Places too long, it may be caused by failure of
an existing master browser or a missing master browser on the network. If there is
no master browser on your network, select the option "Domain Master" to configure
the NAS as the master browser. Do not turn on this option if you are not sure about
the settings.
Allow only NTLMv 2 a uthe ntic a tion: NTLMv2 stands for NT LAN Manager version 2.
When this option is turned on, login to the shared folders by Microsoft Networking
will be allowed only with NTLMv2 authentication. If the option is turned off, NTLM
(NT LAN Manager) will be used by default and NTLMv2 can be negotiated by the
client. The default setting is disabled.
Na m e re solution priority : You can select to use DNS server or WINS server to
resolve client host names from IP addresses. When you set up your NAS to use a
WINS server or to be a WINS server, you can choose to use DNS or WINS first for
name resolution. When WINS is enabled, the default setting is "Try WINS then DNS".
Otherwise, DNS will be used for name resolution by default.
Login sty le : DO MAIN\USERNAME inste a d of DO MAIN+USERNAME for F TP, AF P,
a nd F ile Sta tion: In an Active Directory environment, the default login formats for
the domain users are:
o Windows shares: domain\username
o FTP: domain+username
o File Station: domain+username
o AFP: domain+username
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When you turn on this option, the users can use the same login name format
(domain\username) to connect to the NAS via AFP, FTP, and File Station.
Autom a tic a lly re giste r in DNS: When this option is turned on and the NAS is
joined to an Active Directory, the NAS will register itself automatically in the domain
DNS server. This will create a DNS host entry for the NAS in the DNS server. If the
NAS IP is changed, the NAS will automatically update the new IP in the DNS server.
Ena ble truste d dom a ins: Select this option to load the users from trusted Active
Directory domains and specify their access permissions to the NAS in "Privilege
Settings" > "Shared Folders". (The domain trusts are set up in Active Directory only,
not on the NAS.)
Apple Ne tworking
To connect to the NAS from Mac, enable Apple Filing Protocol. If the AppleTalk network
uses extended networks and is assigned with multiple zones, assign a zone name to the
NAS. Enter an asterisk (*) to use the default setting. This setting is disabled by
default. To allow access to the NAS from Mac OS X 10.7 Lion, enable "DHX2
authentication support". Click "Apply" to save the settings. You can use the Finder to
connect to a shared folder from Mac. Go to "Go" > "Connect to Server", or simply use
the default keyboard shortcut "Command+k". Enter the connection information in the
"Server Address" field, such as "afp://YOUR_NAS_IP_OR_HOSTNAME". Here are some
examples:
afp://10.8.12.111
afp://NAS-559
smb://192.168.1.159
Note : Mac OS X supports both Apple Filing Protocol and Microsoft Networking. To
connect to the NAS via Apple Filing Protocol, the server address should start with
"afp://". To connect to the NAS via Microsoft Networking, please use "smb://".
NF S Se rv ic e
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To connect to the NAS from Linux, enable NFS service. To configure the NFS access
right to the shared folders on the NAS, go to "Privilege Settings" > "Share Folders".
Click the Access Permission button on the "Action" column.Select NFS host access from
the drop-down menu on top of the page and specify the access right. If you select "No
limit" or "Read only", you can specify the IP address or domains that are allowed to
connect to the folder by NFS.
No limit: Allow users to create, read, write, and delete files or folders in the shared
folder and any subdirectories.
Read only: Allow users to read files in the shared folder and any subdirectories but
they are not allowed to write, create, or delete any files.
Deny access: Deny all access to the shared folder.
Connecting to the NAS by NFS
On Linux, run the following command:
m ount - t nfs <NAS IP>:/<Sha re d F olde r Na m e > <Dire c tory to Mount>
For example, if the IP address of your NAS is 192.168.0.1 and you want to link the
shared folder "public" under the /mnt/pub directory, use the following command:
m ount - t nfs 192.168.0.1:/public /m nt/pub
Note : You must login as the "root" user to initiate the above command.
Login as the user ID you define, you can use the mounted directory to connect to your
shared files.
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6.2 FTP
Go to "Control Panel" > "Network Services" > "FTP" to Configure the FTP server.
F TP Se rv ic e
When you turn on FTP service, you can specify the port number and the maximum
number of users that are allowed to connect to the NAS by FTP at the same time. To
use the FTP service of the NAS, enable this function. Open an IE browser and enter
ftp://NAS IP. Enter the username and the password to login the FTP service.
Protoc ol Ty pe : Select to use standard FTP connection or SSL/TLS encrypted FTP.
Select the correct protocol type in your client FTP software to ensure successful
connection.
Unic ode Support: Turn on or off the Unicode support. The default setting is No. If
your FTP client does not support Unicode, you are recommended to turn off this
option and select the language you specify in "General Settings" > "Codepage" so
that the file and folder names can be correctly shown. If your FTP client supports
Unicode, enable Unicode support for both your client and the NAS.
Anony m ous Login: You can turn on this option to allow anonymous access to the
NAS by FTP. The users can connect to the files and folders which are open for
public access. If this option is turned off, the users must enter an authorized
username and password to connect to the server.
C onne c tion: Enter the maximum number of all FTP connections allowed for the NAS
and a single account and check "Enable FTP transfer limitation" to specify the
maximum upload and download rate.
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Adv a nc e d
Pa ssiv e F TP Port Ra nge : You can use the default port range (55536-56559) or
specify a port range larger than 1023. When using this function, make sure you
have opened the ports on your router or firewall.
Re spond with e x te rna l IP a ddre ss for pa ssiv e F TP c onne c tion re que st: When
passive FTP connection is in use, the FTP server (NAS) is behind a router, and a
remote computer cannot connect to the FTP server over the WAN, enable this
function. When this option is turned on, the NAS replies the IP address you specify
or automatically detects the external IP address so that the remote computer is
able to connect to the FTP server.
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6.3 Telnet/SSH
Turn on this option to connect to the NAS by Telnet or SSH encrypted connection
(only the "admin" account can login remotely). Use Telnet or SSH connection clients,
for example, putty for connection. Make sure the specified ports have been opened on
the router or firewall.
To use SFTP (known as SSH File Transfer Protocol or Secure File Transfer Protocol),
make sure the option "Allow SSH connection" has been turned on.
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6.4 SNMP Settings
Enable SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) service on the NAS and enter the
trap address of the SNMP management stations (SNMP manager), for example, PC with
SNMP software installed. When an event, warning, or error occurs on the NAS, the NAS
(SNMP agent) reports the real-time alert to the SNMP management stations.
The fields are described as below:
F ie ld
De sc ription
SNMP Trap Level
Select the information to be sent to the SNMP
management stations.
Trap Address
The IP address of the SNMP manager. Specify maximum
3 trap addresses.
SNMP MIB
The MIB is a type of database in ASCII text format
(Management
used to manage the NAS in the SNMP network. The
Information Base)
SNMP manager uses the MIB to determine the values or
understand the messages sent from the agent (NAS)
within the network. You can download the MIB and
view it with any word processor or text editor.
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Community (SNMP V1/
An SNMP community string is a text string that acts as
V2)
a password. It is used to authenticate messages that
are sent between the management station and the
NAS. The community string is included in every packet
that is transmitted between the SNMP manager and the
SNMP agent.
SNMP V3
The NAS supports SNMP version 3. Specify the
authentication and privacy settings if available.
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6.5 Service Discovery
Go to "Control Panel" > "Network Services" > "Service Discovery" to configure the UPnP
discovery service and Bonjour.
UPnP Disc ov e ry Se rv ic e
When an UPnP device is added to the network, the UPnP discovery protocol allows the
device to advertise its services to the control points on the network. By enabling UPnP
Discovery Service, the NAS can be discovered by any operating systems that support
UPnP.
B onjour
By broadcasting the network service(s) with Bonjour, your Mac will automatically
discover the network services, such as FTP, running on the NAS without the need to
enter the IP addresses or configure the DNS servers.
Note : You have to activate the services on their setup pages and then turn them on
in this section so that the NAS will advertise this service with Bonjour.
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6.6 Network Recycle Bin
The Network Recycle Bin keeps the deleted files on the NAS. Within each shared folder,
a dedicated folder by the name @Recycle is created after the initial QTS installation.
Specify the number of days (1-180) to keep the deleted files and older files deleted will
be deleted first. You may also specify the file extensions to be excluded from the bin.
Note that this feature only supports file deletion via Samba, AFP and QNAP File Station.
Using Ne twork Re c y c le B in
To delete all the files in the bin, click "Empty All Network Recycle Bin".
To recover deleted files from the Network Recycle Bin, right click the files in the
@Recycle folder and select "RECOVER".
To permanently delete a file in the recycle bin, right click the file in the @Recycle
folder and select "Del (from recycle)".
To empty the recycle bin for an individual shared folder, right click inside the
recycle bin and select "Empty Recycle Bin".
Re stric ting Ac c e ss to Ne twork Re c y c le B in
The Network Recycle Bin can be configured for access by administrators only. To do so,
please go to "Control Panel" > "Privilege Settings" > "Shared Folders", click the
"Property" button under "Action" for the shared folder to be configured and check
"Restrict the access of Recycle Bin to administrators only for now".
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C a ution: All file s in the ne twork re c y c le bins will be pe rm a ne ntly de le te d
whe n file s a re de le te d in "@ Re c y c le " on the ne twork sha re or whe n y ou c lic k
"Em pty All Ne twork Re c y c le B ins". Moreover, the Network Recycle Bin feature is
not supported for USB/eSATA external storage devices and virtual disk.
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6.7 Qsync
Qsync is a cloud based file synchronization service empowered by QNAP Turbo NAS.
Simply add files to your local Qsync folder, and they will be available on your Turbo NAS
and all its connected devices.
B e fore y ou Sta rt
Follow the 3 steps below before Qsync deployment.
1. Create user accounts on the NAS,
2. Install Qsync on your computers and Qfile on your mobile devices,
3. Login the NAS (serving as a Qsync server) from your computers or mobile devices
(referred to in this document as "Qsync clients".)
1. C re a ting use r a c c ounts on the NAS
Please create user accounts for Qsync users.
For NAS administrator: Please go to "Control Panel" > "Privilege Settings" > "Users" >
click "Create".
For NAS users: Please have the system administrator create an account for you.
2. Insta lling Q sy nc utility
Qsync will synchronize all chosen files on your computers or mobile devices.
Follow the instructions detailed on the "Overview" page to download the utility (Login
the NAS > click the Qsync shortcut on the NAS Desktop > "Overview" page,) or
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download the utility from the QNAP website: "Support" > "Download" > "Utilities".
For computers, please download the Qsync utility (available for Windows operating
systems.)
For mobile devices, please download and install Qfile (available for iOS or Android
operating systems.)
3. Logging in the NAS
After installing the utility, enter the user ID and password and specify the designated
NAS as the Qsync server.
To locate the NAS within a LAN environment, simply click "Search" or key in its IP
address or name (e.g. IP address: 10.8.1.20 or 192.168.1.100).
To connect to a remote NAS (over the Internet,) please use your myQNAPcloud
address to login (e.g. andy@myQNAPcloud.com).
Note : If the ports have been changed for NAS connection, please add the port
number after the IP address; otherwise, please only enter an IP address. (Default
port number: 8080)
Sta rting Q sy nc
Double click the Qsync shortcut on the Windows desktop to open the Qsync local
folder. Click the Qsync icon on the taskbar at bottom right side of the screen to bring
up the menu. Now, copy or move your files to the local Qsync folder in one of your
devices, the files will be copied to all your other devices (devices with Qsync installed
and are connected to the NAS.) From now on, there is no need to copy files back and
forth between your PC and external devices or worry about the size of the files as you
try to attach them to an email.
Sy nc hroniza tion
There are several methods you can synchronize your files. Qsync will automatically
synchronize the files among your computers or mobile devices that have Qsync
installed, and they will also be synchronized to the Qsync folder on the NAS:
1. For PCs, drag and drop files directly to the local Qsync folder.
2. For mobile devices (Qfile), copy or move files into the Qsync folder.
3. For the NAS, copy or move files to the Qsync folder via the File Station (web based
file explorer).
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Note :
If files are "dragged and dropped" to the Qsync folder, they will be moved to the
Qsync folder, instead of being copied into the folder, if the files and the Qsync
folder are on the same disk drive. The behavior is the same as the Windows File
Explore.
The maximum size of a single file that Qsync can transmit is 50GB in a LAN.
Qsync does not support SAMBA, FTP or AFP for files access. Please access files
using the File Station or Qsync.
Qfile can only synchronize the file list and does not download the files to a
mobile device. Please download the files when you need them.
O ffline e diting
You can browse and edit your files offline, and once your device is online, Qsync will
synchronize the files you edited offline for you automatically.
Sha ring
Sha ring file s by downloa d links
You can share files by sending file download links to those who haven’t installed Qsync.
For Windows:
1. Right click the file that you would like to share in the local Qsync folder and click
"Share the link".
2. Select to send the link via email or copy the link to others.
3. Click "Advanced" to check more options for the link, such as creating a SSL link, the
expiration date, or password.
For the NAS, right click the file that you would like to share in the Qsync folder within
the File Station and click "Share". For mobile devices, launch the Qfile to share the file
in the Qsync folder by clicking the icon to the right and click "Share". The file recipients
can click the link or copy and paste it to a web browser to download the file.
Sha ring folde rs with a group
You can share a folder with a user group. If any member from the group shares the files
in the folder, other members can receive the file.
Steps:
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1. Create user accounts in the NAS for each group member.
2. Have the Qsync utility installed on each member’s device.
3. Right click the folder that you would like to share in the local Qsync folder and click
"Share this folder as a team folder".
4. Select users from the list of local or domain users.
All members in the group will receive a file sharing invitation. Once accepted, the group
members can start to access this shared folder.
Note :
The team folder will only take effect after users you send the invitation to
accept the invitation.
Users cannot share the team folders which are shared from others again.
Re m ote Ac c e ss
Ac c e ssing the NAS ov e r the Inte rne t
To connect to a remote NAS (over the Internet), the administrator is required to
configure the device name for the NAS in "myQNAPcloud" first (Login the NAS> NAS
Desktop > click the myQNAPcloud shortcut.) Next, notify the users about the
myQNAPcloud web address for their remote access. You can then use the
myQNAPcloud address to login the remote NAS. (e.g. andy@myQNAPcloud.com)
Note :
The connection with the NAS over the Internet will take longer, when compared
to a LAN environment.
As you switch back to a LAN environment where your NAS is located, please
connect to the NAS again through LAN, instead of the myQNAPcloud service for
better connection quality.
For better performance on file transmission, it is recommended to configure port
forwarding on the router if possible.
Sy nc hronizing photos a nd v ide os a utom a tic a lly
Qsync can synchronize your photos and videos on mobile devices to the Qsync folder
across all Qsync clients automatically.
Steps:
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1. Install Qfile on your mobile devices by following instructions outlined in the Qsync
page on the NAS or find it on the App Store.
2. Launch Qfile.
3. Click "Settings" on the bottom right side of the screen.
4. Scroll down and look for "Auto upload from photo gallery" and click "Set up now".
5. Select a NAS to upload photos and videos to.
6. Select the folder.
7. Select "Use default setting" ( /Qsync/Camera Uploads) or select "Set up manually"
to set the path.
8. Select if you want to upload all photos from the photo gallery immediately.
9. You can check the checkbox "Limit to Wi-Fi" to upload files through Wi-Fi and avoid
possible expenses associated with the 3G usage.
10.The uploaded files will be synchronized to the Camera Uploads folder under the
Qsync folder on Qsync client devices.
Note : If files uploaded before are deleted from the Camera Uploads folder, Qfile will
not upload those copies in the photo library again.
Sy nc hroniza tion Ma na ge m e nt
Click the Qsync icon on the taskbar to see the management functions:
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1. Add files and view the synchronization result on the NAS:
a. Open the Qsync folder: Open the Qsync folder to add files,
b. View files by the web browser: Open the File Station (web based file explorer)
and browse files in the Qsync folder on the NAS.
2. Control synchronization progress:
a. Pause syncing / Resume syncing: Click to pause or resume file synchronization,
b. Sync with NAS now: Force Qsync to scan again and refresh the synchronization
list.
3. Information for syncing and sharing:
a. Sharing & File Update Center
i. File Update Center: List the file or folder update logs.
ii. Sharing Center: List the folders or files shared with others. Users can choose
to accept or decline the team folders. However, users cannot share team
folders that are shared by others.
b. Recently changed files: List the recently updated files.
4. Preference:
a. General:
i. Link Status: Show the current status. Click "Logout" to change users.
ii. Network Recycle Bin: Browse or recover files deleted from the Qsync folder.
b. Sync:
i. Selective Synchronization: Select the folder to synchronize to the
computers.
ii. Do not remove any files on the NAS when synchronizing: You can remove files
within the local Qsync folder, and files deleted from your computer will not be
synchronized with the NAS. The NAS still keeps copies of the deleted files.
c. Policy:
i. Conflict Policies: The policies for handling the name conflicts between the
Qsync server (NAS) and clients after it is back online from its disconnection:
1).Rename the local file(s),
2).Rename the remote NAS file(s),
3).Replace local files with remote NAS file(s),
4).or Replace remote NAS files with local file(s).
ii. Sharing Policies: The policies of the team folders when other Qsync users
share them to this local computer:
1).Always reject sharing,
2).Automatically accept sharing, or
3).Send a notification message once sharing occurs.
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iii. Filter Settings: During file synchronization, Qsync will not synchronize the
types of files specified in filter settings.
d. Email:
i. Set up E-mail: Set up an email account for sharing file links. You can use the
NAS SMTP server settings (for NAS administrators only) or configure a new
SMTP server.
e. Advanced:
i. Import photos and videos: Import photos and videos when an USB external
device is connected. This feature only applies to photos and videos located in
the DCIM folder in the root directory of the USB external device.
V e rsion C ontrol
The version control will keep one copy of a file as a version whenever you add or
modify it, allowing you to retrieve a specific previous version at any time. Or, if you
accidently save a file and override the previous version made by other people while
editing the file in team folder, you can still restore the previous version. And you can
restore the previous versions even if you have deleted the file from the recycle bin.
V ie wing the v e rsion history
You can view the version history by using the File Station. Inside the File Station, right
click on a file or folder in the Qsync folder and select "Previous Versions". Or you can
access it from menu bar, "More Action" > "Previous Versions". Or, just click the "Show
Right Panel" > "Version" to show the version list. You can also access it from the Qsync
client utility. Right click on a file of folder in the Qsync folder and select "Previous
Versions".
Re storing the pre v ious v e rsions
In the version history page, select the version you want to restore and click "Restore"
to restore version to the original file path or other location.
Click "Download" to download the version to the local computer.
Click "Delete All" to delete all of the listed versions.
Click "Refresh" to update the status of the version history.
Re storing v e rsions of a de le te d file
The version control keeps the version in a separate location, so even you delete the
file, you can still restore the previous versions of the file, even the file has been
deleted from the recycle bin.
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To restore the version of a deleted file, click any folder or file in the Qsync folder, and
then click "More Action" > "Show Deleted Files" in the menu bar. To view the version
history, right click on a file or folder in Qsync folder and select "Previous Versions". Or
you can access it from the menu bar, "More Action" > "Previous Versions". Or just click
the "Show Right Panel" > "version" to show the version list.
Re storing pre v ious v e rsions
In the version history page, select the version you want to restore and click "Restore"
to restore the version to the original file path or other location.
Click "Download" to download the version to the local computer.
Click "Delete All" to delete all of the listed versions.
Click "Refresh" to update the status of the version history.
Note : If you click "Delete All" to delete all the listed versions, then click "Refresh"
button, the associated files will be removed from the file list.
To exit the view of the deleted file list, right click any file or folder and select "Hide
Deleted Files". Or access it from menu bar, "More Action" > "Hide Deleted Files".
Ma na ging a nd se tting v e rsion c ontrol
To access the management and settings of version control, click the Qsync button on
the desktop of the NAS, then click "Version Control" in the right side menu.
The ta rge t folde r
The "Enable version control" is the main switch of the version control. Unchecking this
option it will disable the function, so no users can use it including the administrator, but
the action will not delete the existing versions that have been created. "Enable version
for my Qsync folder" allows each user to apply the function for their own files.
Ta rge t folde r for v e rsion c ontrol
You can apply the version control to the files under specific Qsync folders to save
space. To assign specific folders, select "Assign specific subfolder under the Qsync
folder", then click "Add" to add folders. You can add 5 folders at most. Click "Delete" to
remove all versions under the selected folders and subfolders. This will not take effect
until you click "Apply" or "Apply All".
Adv a nc e d
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Maximum Number of Versions: You can choose how many versions you want to keep for
your files. This is a control only for administrators. The more versions you keep the
more storage space it will take up. To know how much space has been used for version
control, click the "Check" button in the section of "Disk Used for Version Control".
Note :
If you reduce the maximum number of versions, it will impact the versions that
have been created and if the volume of versions exceeds the new settings, the
earlier versions will be dropped. Only the equivalent number of latest versions as
of the new settings will be kept.
The deletion will not take effect immediately until you click "Apply" or "Apply All".
Ma na ging or Monitoring Q sy nc Sta tus v ia We b B rowse r
Login the NAS via a web browser and click the Qsync button.
1. Overview: Provide links to install the utility and to File Station and list the total
number of online users and devices. You can also choose to enable or disable the
Qsync service (for administrators only.)
2. Users: List information of online users, and you can manage the Qsync service for
users (for administrators only.)
3. Devices: List the status of connected devices and you can choose to allow or
terminate connection of the devices.
a. If users login from their PC, the name of the device will be shown as their
computer name.
b. If users login from Qfile, the name of the device will be shown as "Qfile-Android"
or "Qfile-iPhone".
c. If users move or copy files to the Qsync folder in the File Station, the name of
the device will be shown as "Qsync-File Station".
4. Event Logs: List the activity details by each user.
5. Team folder: List the status of the team folder, including folders that you shared
and are shared by others.
6. Shared File Links: List the status of shared links.
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7. Applications
Go to "Control Panel" > "Applications" to configure NAS applications.
For setup details, refer to the following links:
Station_Manager 177
iTunes Server 180
DLNA Media Server 181
Multimedia Management 183
Transcode Management 185
Web_Server 187
LDAP Server 193
VPN Service 195
MySQL Server 199
Syslog Server 201
Antivirus 204
RADIUS Server 208
TFTP Server 210
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7.1 Station Manager
The Station Manager is an integrated control panel for all QNAP Stations and they can
be enabled or disabled here.
Photo Sta tion
Check "Enable Photo Station" to enable this station and click the links below to directly
login to the application. Check "Show the photos of Sharing Management on the login
screen" to display photo albums on the login page. This will allow users to directly view
the photos of the chosen album as a guest. Please note that the Photo Station can
only be launched after it is enabled in the Station Manager. For details on the Photo
Station, please refer to the chapter on Photo Station 252 .
Note : Photo Station 2 will remain installed after the NAS firmware is upgraded to
QTS 4.0.
Music Sta tion
Check "Enable Music Station" to enable this station and click the links below to directly
login to the application. Please note that the Music Station can only be launched after
it is enabled in the Station Manager.
For details on the Music Station, please refer to the chapter on Music Station 264 .
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Multim e dia Sta tion
Check "Enable Multimedia Station" to enable this station and click the links below to
directly login to the application. To schedule routine scans on the Media Library, check
"Rescan Media Library" and specify the start time for the daily scan. Please note that
the Music Station can only be launched after it is enabled in the Station Manager.
F ile Sta tion
Check "Enable File Station" to enable this station and click the links below to directly
login into the application. Please note that the File Station can only be launched after
it is enabled in the Station Manager.
For details on the File Station, please refer to the chapter on File Station 234 .
Downloa d Sta tion
Check "Enable Download Station" to enable this station and click the links below to
directly login to the application. Please note that the Download Station can only be
launched after it is enabled in the Station Manager.
For details on the Download Station, please refer to the chapter on Download Station
271 .
Surv e illa nc e Sta tion
Check "Enable Surveillance Station" under "Settings" to enable this station and click the
links below to directly login to the application. The Surveillance Station offers one free
recording channel. To add extra recording channels, please purchase the license at
QNAP License Store (http://license.qnap.com) or contact the authorized reseller at
your region for details.
Note :
The number of recording channels supported varies by the NAS model. Please
refer to the QNAP License Store (http://license.qnap.com/) for details before
purchasing or activating the license on the NAS.
The maximum number of recording channels supported is for reference only. The
actual recording performance may vary depending on the IP cameras, video
contents, network bandwidth, recording settings, and other applications running
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on the NAS. Please contact an authorized reseller or camera vendors for more
information.
For step-by-step tutorial on adding extra channels, please refer to the QNAP
website (Resource > Tutorials > "How to support additional recording channels
on Surveillance Station Pro?").
Windows users are advised to use IE 10, Chrome or Firefox for live view and
playback operations.
Mac users are recommended to use QNAP Surveillance Client for Mac for live
view and playback operations. QNAP Surveillance Client for Mac can be
downloaded at http://www.qnap.com/download.
To check on license details, switch to the "License Management" page.
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7.2 iTunes Server
The MP3 files on the Qmultimedia/Multimedia folder of the NAS can be shared to iTunes
by this service. All the computers with iTunes installed on LAN are able to find, browse,
and play the shared music files on the NAS.
To use iTunes Server, install iTunes (www.apple.com/itunes/) on your computer. Enable
this feature and then upload the music files to the Qmultimedia/Multimedia folder of the
NAS.
Note : iTunes Server may be disabled or hidden on the following business models:
TS-x70U, TS-x79 Pro and TS-x79U. To enable iTunes server, please refer to "
System Administration" in the General Settings
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section.
To configure the iTunes server settings and add smart playlists, login the web page of
iTunes server: http://NAS-IP:3689/index.html. Connect the PC and the NAS to the
same LAN and run iTunes on the PC. Find the NAS name under "SHARED" and start to
play the music files or playlists.
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7.3 DLNA Media Server
QNAP Turbo NAS supports two types of DLNA Media Servers: QNAP DLNA Media Server
and Twonky Media DLNA Server.
QNAP DLNA Media Server is developed by QNAP, while Twonky Media DLNA Server is a
third party media server. To allow DLNA media player to access and play the multimedia
contents from the NAS via QNAP DLNA Media Server, enable QNAP DLNA Media Server
and configure the Media Library and the default user account.
Note : The contents allowed to be browsed on the device connected to the media
server are based on the shared folder permission set for the default user account.
In other words, viewers can only watch multimedia contents from the media folders
that the default user account is assigned the permission with. For media folder
setup, please refer to the chapter on Multimedia Management. For permission
assignment, please refer to the chapter on Shared Folder 136 .
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To allow DLNA media players to access and play the multimedia contents on the NAS
via the Twonky Media DLNA Server, enable it and click the link (http://NAS IP:9000/) to
enter the configuration page of the TwonkyMedia DLNA Media Server. Click the link
http://NAS IP:9000/. Go to "TwonkyMedia Settings" > "Basic Setup" to configure the
basic server settings. The contents on the Qmultimedia or Multimedia folder of the NAS
will be shared to the digital media players by default. You can go to "Basic Setup" >
"Sharing" > "Content Locations" to change the folder or add more folders. After
configuring the settings, you can upload MP3, photos, or video files to the specified
folders on the NAS.
Note : If you upload multimedia files to the default folder but the files are not shown
on Media Player, click "Rescan content directories" or "Restart server" on the DLNA
Media Server configuration page.
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7.4 Multimedia Management
The Media Library service can scan multimedia files, such as photos, music and videos
from designated media folders and index them into the media library for their display in
multimedia applications. Thumbnails of photos, music and videos will be automatically
generated to enhance your user experience as you browse through multimedia files in
their corresponding applications.
Me dia Libra ry
Sc a n Se tting: Three options are provided for the media scan:
o Real-time scan: New files are scanned in real time as soon as they are added to
the media folders.
o Scan by schedule: Here you can specify the start and end time for the scan, and
it will be conducted automatically on a daily basis.
o Manual Scan: The scan only starts when "Scan now" is clicked.
Multimedia code page setting: Change this setting to the corresponding code for
non UTF media files. So, font and characters in the associated applications can be
displayed correctly.
Rebuild media library indexing: By rebuilding the media library, the NAS will scan
the specified media folders and replace the existing library with a new one.
By default, the media library is enabled. In some cases, the media library needs to be
disabled (ex. multimedia applications are not installed on the NAS.) To disable the media
library, please click "Deactivate Media Library". Please note that if the media library is
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not enabled, services like the Photo Station Video Station, and Music Station, as well
as the DLNA Media Server will not function properly. To re-enable the media library,
please click "Activate Media Library" (the "Deactivate Media Library" button will turn
into "Activate Media Library" after the media library is disabled.)
Note :
iTunes Server may be disabled or hidden on the following business models: x70U,
x79 Pro and x79U. To enable iTunes server, please refer to "System
Administration" in the General Settings
45
section.
If the media library is not enabled, services like the Photo Station and Music
Station, as well as the DLNA Media Server will not function properly.
Image files with a width or height less than 400 pixels will not be indexed, and
so, their thumbnails will not be generated.
Me dia F olde r
Media folders are shared folders on the NAS that are scanned for multimedia contents,
such as photos, videos and music files. The "/Multimedia" and "/Home" are the default
media folders on the NAS (for QTS 4.1 or later versions, all default shared folders on
the NAS are identified as media folders for the purpose of multimedia application
services.) To add media folders, first click "Add", select media types and folders from
the list, and click "Add". To change the scanned file types for the media folders, first
uncheck the media file types and click "Apply". To remove media folders, first select
media folders from the list, and then click "Delete" and "Apply".
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7.5 Transcode Management
Transcoding can convert videos into different resolutions (240p, 360p, 480p, 720p and
1080p) that are suitable for mobile devices. For the NAS, the video files can be
converted through the File Station, Photo Station, or Video Station and into the H.264
format (with MP4 extension.) After transcoding tasks are created, they can be
managed here and the transcoding service is enabled by default.
Tra nsc ode Ta sk
Manage the transcode tasks using the following buttons:
Stop Transcoding: Suspend all ongoing tasks in the list.
Remove All Incomplete Tasks: Remove all tasks that are yet to finish from the list.
Remove All Complete Tasks: Remove all complete tasks from the list.
Refresh: refresh the list.
You can manage each task with the following buttons:
Button
Name
Description
Priority
Adjust the order each task is executed.
Remove
Remove the selected task from the list
Note : You can manually add the files to transcode from the File Station, Photo
Station and Video Station.
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F olde r Monitoring
This feature is designed to convert the entire folder, instead of a file, at a time, and
within a folder, the resolution of each subfolder can be specified independently. Click
"Add" to add a new folder and select the video quality (resolution) and the folder to
add it to the task list.
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7.6 Web Server
Go to "Control Panel" > "Applications" > "Web Server" to configure the web server and
virtual host.
We b Se rv e r
The NAS supports Web Server for web sites creation and management. It also supports
Joomla!, PHP and MySQL/SQLite to establish an interactive website. To use the Web
Server, follow the steps below.
1. Enable the service and enter the port number. The default number is 80.
2. Configure other settings:
a. Configure register_globals: Select to enable or disable register_globals. The
setting is disabled by default. When the web program prompts you to enable php
register_globals, enable this option. However, for system security concern, it is
recommended to turn this option off.
b. Maintenance: Click "Restore" to restore web server configuration to default.
c. php.ini Maintenance: Select the option "php.ini Maintenance" and choose to
upload, edit or restore php.ini.
3. Secure Connection (SSL): Enter the port number for SSL connection.
4. Upload the HTML files to the shared folder (Qweb/Web) on the NAS. The file index.
html, index.htm or index.php will be the home path of your web page.
5. You can access the web page you upload by entering http://NAS IP/ in the web
browser. Note that when Web Server is enabled, you have to enter http://NAS
IP:8080 in your web browser to access the login page of the NAS.
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Note :
Please be reminded that Please note that after the Web Server is disabled, all
relevant applications, including the Music Station, Photo Station, Happy Get, or
QAirplay will become unavailable.
To use PHP mail(), go to "System Settings" > "Notification" > "SMTP Server" and
configure the SMTP server settings.
We bDAV
WebDAV (Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning) is a set of extensions to the
HTTP(S) protocol that allow the users to edit and manage the files collaboratively on
the remote World Wide Web servers. After turning on this function, you can map the
shared folders of your NAS as the network drives of a remote PC over the Internet. To
edit the access right settings, go to "Privilege Settings" > "Shared Folders" page.
Note : Currently, the WebDAV feature supports NAS user accounts only and AD and
LDAP user accounts are not supported.
To map a shared folder on the NAS as a network drive of your PC, turn on WebDAV and
follow the steps below.
1. Go to "Privilege Settings" > "Shared Folders". Click the "Access Permissions" button
for the designated folder under the "Action" column.
2. Select "WebDAV access" from the dropdown menu on top of the page and specify
the access right. Choose the authentication level or scroll down to search for the
account to grant its access rights. Click "Apply" and all settings are complete.
3. Next, mount the shared folders of the NAS as the shared folders on your operating
systems by WebDAV.
Windows XP
1. Right click "My Computer" and select "Map Network Drive…"
2. Click "Sign up for online storage or connect to a network server".
3. Select "Choose another network location".
4. Enter the URL of your NAS with the folder name. Note that you should put a "#" key
at the end of the URL. Click "Next". Format: http://NAS_IP_or_HOST_NAME/
SHARE_FOLDER_NAME/#
5. Enter the username and password which has the WebDAV access right to connect
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to the folder.
6. Type a name for this network place.
7. The network place has been created and is ready to be used.
8. Now you can connect to this folder anytime through WebDAV. A shortcut has also
been created in "My Network Places".
Windows Vista
If you are using Windows Vista, you might need to install the "Software Update for Web
Folders (KB907306)". This update is for 32-bit Windows OS only. http://www.microsoft.
com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyId=17c36612-632e-4c04-9382987622ed1d64&displaylang=en
1. Right click "Computer" and select "Map Network Drive…"
2. Click "Connect to a Web site that you can use to store your documents and
pictures".
3. Select "Choose a custom network location".
4. Enter the URL of your NAS with the folder name. Format: http://
NAS_IP_or_HOST_NAME/SHARE_FOLDER_NAME
5. Enter the username and password which has the WebDAV access right to connect
to this folder.
6. Type a name for this network location.
7. The Web folder has been successfully created.
8. You can locate the web folder in the "Network Location" section in "Computer".
9. You can connect to the folder though this link via HTTP/WebDAV.
Mac OS X
Follow the steps below to connect to your NAS via WebDAV on Mac OS X.
Client Operating System: Mac OS X Snow Leopard (10.6.1)
1. Open "Finder" > "Connect to Server", and enter the URL of the folder. Format:
http://NAS_IP_or_HOST_NAME/SHARE_FOLDER_NAME
2. Enter the username and password which has the WebDAV access right to connect
to this folder.
3. You can connect to the folder through this link via HTTP/WebDAV.
4. You can also find the mount point in the "SHARED" category in Finder and make it
one of the login items.
Note that the instructions above are based on Mac OS X 10.6, and can be applied to
10.4 or later.
Ubuntu
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Follow the steps below to connect to your NAS via WebDAV on Ubuntu.
Client Operating System: Ubuntu 9.10 Desktop
1. Open "Places" > "Connect to Server…"
2. Select "WebDAV (HTTP)" or "Secure WebDAV (HTTPS)" for the Service type
according to your NAS settings and enter your host information. Enter the username
and password which has the WebDAV access right to connect to this folder. Click
"Connect" to initialize the connection.
3. This WebDAV connection has been established successfully, a linked folder will be
created on the desktop automatically.
My SQ L Ma na ge m e nt
Install phpMyAdmin software and save the program files in the Web or Qweb share of
the NAS. You can change the folder name and connect to the database by entering
the URL in the browser.
Note : The default username of MySQL is "root". The password is "admin". Please
change your root password immediately after logging in to the phpMyAdmin
management interface.
SQLite Management
Follow the steps below or refer to the INSTALL file in the downloaded SQLiteManager*.tar.gz? to install SQLiteManager.
1. Unpack the downloaded file SQLiteManager-*.tar.gz.
2. Upload the unpacked folder SQLiteManager-* to \\NAS IP\Web\ or \\NASIP\Qweb.
3. Open a web browser and go to http://NAS IP/SQLiteManager-*/.?:
o The symbol "*" refers to the version number of SQLiteManager.
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7.6.1 Virtual Host
Virtual host is a web server technique that provides the capability to host more than
one domain (website) on one physical host and offers a cost-effective solution for
personal and small business with such need. You can host multiple websites (maximum
32) on the NAS with this feature.
B e fore y ou Sta rt
In this tutorial we will use the information provided in the table below as the reference
guide.
H ost na m e
WAN/LAN IP
Doc um e nt root
a nd port
site1.mysite.com
site2.mysite.com
a pplic a tion
WAN IP:
/Qweb/
111.222.333.444
site1_mysite
LAN IP:
10.8.12.45 (NAS)
De m o we b
/Qweb/
Joomla!
WordPress
site2_mysite
Port: 80 (NAS)
www.mysite2.
/Qweb/
com
www_mysite2
phpBB3
Before you start, make sure you have checked the following items:
Web Server: Enable Web Server in "Applications" > "Web Server".
DNS records: The host name must point to the WAN IP of your NAS and you can
normally configure this from your DNS service providers.
Port forwarding: If the web server listens on port 80 you need to configure port
forwarding on your router to allow inbound traffic from port 80 to the LAN IP
(10.8.12.45) of your NAS.
SSL certificate import: If you are going to enable SSL connection for the website
and intend to use your own trusted SSL certificates you may import the certificate
from within the administration backend under "System Settings" > "Security" >
"Certificate & Private Key".
Using V irtua l H ost
Follow the steps below to use virtual host:
1. Select "Enable Virtual Host" and click "Apply".
2. Click "Create a Virtual Host".
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3. Enter the host name and specify the folder (under Web or Qweb) where the web
files will be uploaded to.
4. Specify the protocol (HTTP or HTTPS) for connection. If you select HTTPS, make
sure the option "Enable Secure Connection (SSL)" in Web Server has been turned
on.
5. Specify the port number for connection.
6. Click "Apply".
7. Continue to enter the information for the rest of the sites you want to host on the
NAS.
8. Create a folder for each website (site1_mysite, site2_mysite, and www_mysite2)
and start transferring the website files to the corresponding folders.
Once the files transfers complete point your web browser to the websites by http://
NAS_host_name or https://NAS_host_name according to your settings. In this example,
the URLs are:
http://site1.mysite.com
http://site2.mysite.com
http://www.mysite2.com
You should see the Joomla!, phpBB3, and WordPress web pages, respectively.
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7.7 LDAP Server
The LDAP server of the NAS allows the administrator to create users to access multiple
NAS servers with the same username and password.
C onfiguring LDAP Se rv e r
Follow the instructions below to configure the LDAP server.
1. Enable LDAP Server: Login the NAS as "admin". Go to "Applications" > "LDAP Server"
and enable LDAP server. Enter the full LDAP domain name and the password for the
LDAP server, then click "Apply".
2. Create LDAP Users: Under the "Users" tab, click "Create a User" or "Create Multiple
Users" or "Batch Import Users". Follow the instructions of the wizard to create the
LDAP users. Once you have created the LDAP users, the NAS can be joined to the
domain. You can set the permissions of the LDAP users and allow them to be
authenticated by the NAS.
3. Join a NAS to LDAP Domain: To allow the LDAP users to connect to the NAS, join
the NAS to the LDAP domain. Go to "Privilege Settings" > "Domain Security". Select
"LDAP authentication" and choose "LDAP server of local NAS" as the server type.
Then click "Apply". The NAS is now a client of the LDAP server. To view the domain
users or groups, go to "Privilege Settings" > "Users" or "User Groups", then select
"Domain Users" or "Domain Groups". You can also set the folder permission for the
domain users or groups.
4. Join a Second NAS to LDAP Domain: You can join multiple NAS servers to the same
LDAP domain and allow the LDAP users to connect to the NAS servers using the
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same login credentials. To join another NAS to the LDAP domain, login the NAS and
go to "Privilege Settings" > "Domain Security". Select "LDAP authentication" and
then "LDAP server of a remote NAS" as the server type. Enter the DNS name or IP
address of the remote NAS, the name of the LDAP domain that you created
previously, and enter the LDAP server password. Click "Apply".
B a c king up/Re storing LDAP Da ta ba se
To back up the LDAP database on the NAS, select "Back up Database" and specify the
backup frequency, destination folder on the NAS and other options. To restore an LDAP
database, browse to select the *.exp file and click "Import". Click "Apply" to apply the
settings.
Note :
If the name of a user is changed in the LDAP server, it is necessary to assign
the folder permission again on the NAS.
To avoid account conflicts, please do not create NAS local user accounts that
already exist in the LDAP directory.
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7.8 VPN Service
The NAS supports Virtual Private Network (VPN) service for users to access the NAS
and resources on a private network from the Internet.
Follow the instructions below for the first time setup of the VPN service on the NAS.
1. Select a network interface to connect
2. Enable PPTP or OpenVPN service
3. Configure port forwarding by auto router configuration
4. Register myQNAPcloud service
5. Add VPN users
6. Connect to the private network by a VPN client
V PN Se rv ic e Se tup
1. Select a network interface to connect: Login the NAS as "admin" and go to
"Applications" > "VPN Service" > "VPN Server Settings". Under "General Settings",
select a network interface to connect to the desired network which the NAS
belongs to.
2. Enable PPTP or OpenVPN service: The NAS supports PPTP and OpenVPN for VPN
connection. Select either one option and configure the settings.
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o PPTP: Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) is one of the most commonly
used methods for VPN connection. It is natively supported by Windows, Mac,
Linux, Android, and iPhone.
o OpenVPN: OpenVPN is an open source VPN solution which utilizes SSL encryption
for secure connection. To connect to the OpenVPN server, OpenVPN client must
be installed on your PC. Click "Download Configuration File" to download the VPN
client settings, certificate/key and installation guide from the NAS and upload the
files to the OpenVPN client.
3. Configure port forwarding by auto router configuration: The NAS supports auto port
forwarding for UPnP (Universal Plug-and-Play network protocol) routers. Go to
"myQNAPcloud" > "Auto Router Configuration" to enable UPnP port forwarding and
open the ports of the PPTP or OpenVPN service on the router.
4. Register myQNAPcloud service: You can connect to the NAS by WAN IP or
myQNAPcloud name. To configure myQNAPcloud service, check the chapter on
myQNAPcloud Service or visit myQNAPcloud (https://www.myqnapcloud.com).
5. Add VPN users: Go to "Applications" > "VPN Service" > "VPN Client Management",
click "Add VPN Users". The local NAS users will be listed. Select the users who are
allowed to use the VPN service and their connection method (PPTP, OpenVPN, or
both). Click "Add".
o
Connect to the private network by a VPN client: Now you can use your VPN
client to connect to the NAS via the VPN service.
Note :
The default NAS IP is 10.0.0.1 under PPTP VPN connection.
Upload the configuration file to the OpenVPN client every time the OpenVPN
settings, myQNAPcloud name, or the secure certificate is changed.
To connect to the PPTP server on the Internet, the PPTP passthrough options
on some routers have to be opened. PPTP uses only port TCP-1723; forward this
port manually if your router does not support UPnP.
V PN C lie nt Se tup
PPTP on Windows 7
1. Go to "Control Panel" > "Network and Sharing Center". Select "Set up a new
connection or network".
2. Select "Connect to a workplace" and click "Next".
3. Select "Use my Internet connection (VPN)".
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4. Enter the MyQNAPcloud name or the WAN IP of the NAS and enter a name of the
connection. Then click "Next".
5. Enter your username and password which is added from the NAS for VPN access.
Click "Connect".
PPTP on Mac OS X 10.7
1. Choose "Apple menu" > "System Preferences", and click "Network".
2. Click "Add (+)" at the bottom of the list, and choose "VPN" as the interface.
3. Choose the VPN type according to the settings of the NAS to connect. Enter the
service name.
4. In "Server Address", enter the myQNAPcloud name or the WAN IP of the NAS. In
"Account Name", enter your username which is added from the NAS.
5. Click "Authentication Settings", and enter the user authentication information given
by the network administrator.
6. After entering the user authentication information, click "OK", and then click
"Connect".
PPTP on iOS 5
1. Go to "Settings" > "General" > "Network", select "VPN".
2. Select "Add VPN Configuration".
3. Select "PPTP", and enter the Description, Server, Account, and Password for the
connection.
4. Return to "Settings" > "General" > "Network" > "VPN", and enable "VPN".
OpenVPN on Windows
1. Download OpenVPN from http://openvpn.net/
2. Install OpenVPN client on Windows. The default installation directory is C:\Program
Files\OpenVPN.
3. Run OpenVPN GUI as administrator.
4. Download OpenVPN configuration file and certificate from the NAS ("Applications" >
"VPN Service" > "VPN Server Settings" > "OpenVPN Settings")
5. Edit openvpn.ovpn and replace "OPENVPN_SERVER_IP" with the OpenVPN server IP.
6. Put "ca.crt" and "openvpn.ovpn" into the configuration folder under OpenVPN
configuration subdirectory (C:\Program Files\OpenVPN\config).
Note : If the OpenVPN client is running on Windows 7, add the firewall rules in the
advanced settings of OpenVPN.
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OpenVPN on Linux
1. Download OpenVPN from http://openvpn.net/index.php/open-source/downloads.htm
2. Install OpenVPN client on Linux.
3. Download OpenVPN configuration file and certificate from the NAS ("Applications" >
"VPN Service" > "VPN Server Settings" > "OpenVPN Settings").
4. Edit openvpn.ovpn and replace "OPENVPN_SERVER_IP" with OpenVPN server IP.
5. Put "ca.crt" and "openvpn.ovpn" into the configuration folder under OpenVPN
configuration subdirectory.
6. Run OpenVPN.
OpenVPN on Mac
1. Download the disk image of OpenVPN client from http://code.google.com/p/
tunnelblick/
2. Launch Tunnelblick.
3. Download OpenVPN configuration file and certificate from the NAS ("Applications" >
"VPN Service" > "VPN Server Settings" > "OpenVPN Settings").
4. Edit openvpn.ovpn and replace OPENVPN_SERVER_IP (alfred.myqnapnas.com) with
OpenVPN server IP.
5. Put "ca.crt" and "openvpn.ovpn" into the configuration folder under OpenVPN
configuration subdirectory.
6. Run OpenVPN.
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7.9 MySQL Server
You can enable MySQL Server as the website database.
Ena ble TC P/IP Ne tworking: You can enable this option to configure MySQL server
of the NAS as a database server of another web server in remote site through
Internet connection. When you disable this option, your MySQL server will only be
configured as local database server for the web server of the NAS. After enabling
remote connection, assign a port for the remote connection service of MySQL
server. The default port is 3306. After the first-time installation of the NAS, a folder
phpMyAdmin is created in the Qweb/Web network folder. You can enter http://NAS
IP/phpMyAdmin/ in the web browser to enter the phpMyAdmin page and manage the
MySQL database.
Da ta ba se Ma inte na nc e :
o Reset root password: Execute this function to reset the password of MySQL root
as "admin".
o Re-initialize database: Execute this function to delete all the data on MySQL
database.
Note :
To use this feature on the TS-x39/509/809 series, please update the system
firmware with the image file enclosed in the product CD or download the latest
system firmware from http://www.qnap.com.
Do not delete the phpMyAdmin folder. You can rename this folder but the link on
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the MySQL server page will not be updated. To connect to the renamed folder,
you can enter the link http://NAS IP/renamed folder in the web browser.
The phpMyAdmin folder is created after the first-time installation. When you
update the firmware, the folder remains unchanged.
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7.10 Syslog Server
Configure the NAS as a Syslog server, create Syslog filters and view available Syslog
messages on this page.
Se rv e r Se ttings
Se rv e r Se ttings: To configure the NAS as a Syslog server and allow it to receive
Syslog messages from the clients, enable Syslog Server. Select the protocols (TCP
and/or UDP) the NAS uses to receive Syslog messages. Specify the port numbers if
necessary or use the default port number 514. Click "Apply" to save the settings.
After enabling the NAS as a Syslog server, enter the NAS IP as the Syslog server IP
on the Syslog clients to receive the Syslog messages from them.
Log Se ttings: Specify the maximum log size (1-100 MB) of the Syslog messages,
the location (NAS shared folder) to which the logs will be saved, and the file name.
Once the logs have reached the maximum size, the log file will be automatically
archived and renamed with the archive date as MyLogFile_yyyy_mm_dd, for
example MyLogFile_2011_12_31. If multiple log files are archived on the same day,
the file will be named as MyLogFile_yyyy_mm_dd.[number]. For example,
MyLogFile_2011_12_31.1, MyLogFile_2011_12_31.2, and so on. Click "Apply" to save
the settings.
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Em a il Notific a tion: The NAS supports sending email alert to dedicated email
addresses (maximum 2, configured in "System Settings" > "Notification" > "Alert
Notification") when the severity of the received Syslog messages match the
specified level. To use this feature, configure the SMTP server settings in "System
Settings" > "Notification" > "SMTP Server". Next, enable email notification and select
the severity level in "Applications" > "Syslog Server" > "Server Settings". Click
"Apply" to save the settings.
Se v e rit
Le v e l
y
(sm a lle st
De sc ription
num be r the
highe st)
Emerg
0
Emergency: the system is unusable.
Alert emails will be sent when Syslog messages of
levels 0-4 are received.
Alert
1
Alert: immediate action required.
Alert emails will be sent when Syslog messages of
levels 1-4 are received.
Crit
2
Critical: critical conditions.
Alert emails will be sent when Syslog messages of
levels 2-4 are received.
Err
3
Error: error conditions.
Alert emails will be sent when Syslog messages of
levels 3-4 are received.
Warning
4
Warning: warning conditions.
Alert emails will be sent when Syslog messages of
level 4 are received.
F ilte r Se ttings
This feature should only be operated by system administrators who are familiar with
Syslog filters. Follow the steps below to create Syslog filters for the NAS to receive
Syslog messages that match the criteria:
1. Click "Add a Filter".
2. Define the filter settings and click "Add". To edit the filters or add the filters
manually, click "Manual Edit" and modify the contents in the dialog. Click "Apply" to
202
save the filter.
3. The filters will be shown on the list. The NAS will only receive the Syslog messages
that match the filters which are in use.
B utton
Delete
Na m e
De sc ription
Enable
Enable a filter
Disable
Disable a filter
Edit
Edit the filter settings
Delete
Delete one or more filters
Sy slog V ie we r
Use the web-based Syslog viewer to view the available Syslog messages on the NAS.
Select to view the latest logs or the logs in a particular archived file. The log files can
be accessed on the directory configured in "Syslog Server" > "Server Settings" > "Log
Settings".
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7.11 Antivirus
Configure antivirus features on this page.
O v e rv ie w
Antiv irus: Use the antivirus feature to scan the NAS manually or on recurring
schedule and delete, quarantine, or report files infected by viruses, malware,
Trojans, and other malicious threats. To use this feature, select "Enable antivirus"
and click "Apply".
Upda te : Select "Check and update automatically" and specify the interval in days
to update the antivirus definitions automatically. Click "Update Now" next to online
update to update the antivirus definitions immediately. Users can also download the
update files from http://www.clamav.net and update the antivirus definitions
manually. The NAS must be connected to the Internet to use this feature.
Q ua ra ntine : View the quarantine information of the disk volumes on the NAS. For
the details, go to "Applications" > "Antivirus" > "Quarantine".
Note : The antivirus engine selector next to the "Enable antivirus" checkbox is only
available after an antivirus app has been installed in QTS from the App Center 293 .
Sc a n Jobs
The NAS supports manual and scheduled scanning of all or specific shared folders. Up
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to 64 schedules can be created and maximum 5 scan jobs can run concurrently. To
create a scan job, follow the steps below.
1. Go to "Applications" > "Antivirus" > "Scan Jobs". Click "Add a Scan Job".
2. Enter the job name and select the shared folders to scan. To scan a specific shared
folder, select the share and click "Add".
3. Multiple shared folders can be selected. To remove a shared folder, click the "Delete
(X)" button next to the share name and click "Next". Define the schedule for the
scan job and click "Next".
4. Select to scan all the files in the shared folder(s) or quick scan to scan only
potentially dangerous files. Select "Exclude files or folders" and specify a file, a
folder, or a file extension to be excluded from the virus scan and click "Next".
Separate each entry by a space in the same line or enter one entry per line. For
example:
o /Public/testfile.txt
o /Download
o *.log
o *.exe *.com
o *.txt; click "Next".
5. Enable other scan options and click "Next":
o Specify the maximum file size (1-4096 MB) allowed for scanning.
o To scan compressed files in the shared folder(s), enable "Scan compressed files".
Specify the maximum amount of data (1-4096 MB) in an archive file for scanning
if applicable.
o To scan MS Office and Mac Office files, RTF, PDF, and HTML files, select "Deep
scan for document files".
6. Specify the actions to take when infected files are found and click "Finish" to create
the scan job.
o Only report the virus: The virus scan reports are recorded under the "Reports"
tab. No actions will be done to the infected files.
o Move infected files to quarantine: The infected files will be quarantined and
cannot be accessed from the original shared folders. Users can view the virus
scan reports under the "Reports" tab and delete/restore the infected files under
the "Quarantine" tab.
o Delete infected files automatically: Note tha t the infe c te d file s will be de le te d
a nd c a nnot be re c ov e re d.
o To receive an alert email when an infected file is found or after scanning has
completed, configure the SMTP server settings in "System Settings" >
205
"Notification" > "SMTP Server".
7. The scan job will run according to the specified schedule.
B utton
Na m e
De sc ription
Run
Run the scan job now.
Stop
Stop the scan job.
Edit
Edit the scan job settings.
Downloa
Download the last virus scan summary. The file can be
d
opened by a text editor, such as WordPad.
Delete
Delete the scan job.
Re ports
View or download the reports of the latest scan jobs on the NAS.
B utton
Na m e
De sc ription
Download
Download the virus scan report. The file can be opened
by a text editor, such as WordPad.
Delete
Delete an entry on the list.
DOWNLO
Download
Download all the virus scan logs on the list as a zip file.
AD
All
Re port options
Specify the number of days (1-999) to keep the logs
Enable the option "Archive logs after expiration" and specify the shared folder to
save the logs once the number of days to keep the logs has been reached. Click
"Apply All" to save the changes.
Q ua ra ntine
This page shows the quarantined files on the NAS. Users can manually delete or restore
the quarantined files, or restore and add the files to the exclude list.
B utton
Na m e
De sc ription
Delete
Delete an infected file. The file cannot be
206
recovered.
Restore
Restore an infected file to its original shared
folder.
Exclude List
Restore an infected file and add the file into the
exclude list (scan filter).
Restore
Restore
Selecte
Selected Files
Restore multiple files on the list.
d Files
Delete
Delete Selected
Delete multiple files on the list. The files cannot be
Selecte
Files
recovered.
Delete All Files
Delete all the files on the list. The files cannot be
d Files
Delete
All Files
recovered.
207
7.12 RADIUS Server
The NAS can be configured as a RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial In User Service)
server to provide centralized authentication, authorization, accounting management for
computers to connect and use a network service.
To use this feature, follow the steps below:
1. Enable RADIUS Server on the NAS in "RADIUS Server" > "Server Settings". Click
"Apply".
2. Add RADIUS clients, such as Wi-Fi access points and VPN, on the NAS in "RADIUS
Server" > "RADIUS Clients". Up to 10 RADIUS clients are supported. Click "Create a
Client".
3. Enter the client information and click "Apply".
4. The clients are shown on the list.
5. Create RADIUS users and their password in "RADIUS Server" > "RADIUS Users". The
users will be authenticated when trying to access the network through the RADIUS
clients. The maximum number of RADIUS users the NAS supports is the same as the
maximum number of local NAS users supported. See the chapter on Users 131 for
details. Click "Create a User".
6. Enter the username and password. The username supports alphabets (a-z and A-Z)
and numbers (0-9) only. The password must be 8-32 characters (a-z, A-Z, and 0-9
only). Click "Apply".
7. Specify to grant dial-in access to local NAS users. Enable this option to allow the
local NAS users to access the network services through the RADIUS clients using
their NAS login name and password. Click "Apply".
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Note : The RADIUS server only supports PAP, EAP-TLS/PAP, and EAP-TTLS/PAP
authentication for local NAS user accounts.
209
7.13 TFTP Server
Configure the NAS as a TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol) server for configuration
management of network devices and remote network booting of computers for system
imaging or recovery. TFTP is a file transfer protocol with the functionality of a very
basic form of FTP. TFTP does not provide user authentication and cannot be connected
by a standard FTP client.
Follow the steps below to use this feature:
1. Select "Enable TFTP Server".
2. The default UDP port for file transfer is 69. Change the port number only when
necessary.
3. Specify a folder on the NAS as the root directory of the TFTP server.
4. Enable TFTP Logging: Enable this option and specify the directory to save the TFTP
log file (opentftpd.log). It is recommended to view the log file by Microsoft Excel or
WordPad on Windows OS or by TextEdit on Mac OS.
5. Assign read only or full access to the clients.
6. Restrict the TFTP client access by specifying the IP address range or select
"Anywhere" to allow any TFTP client access.
7. Click "Apply".
Note : To set up PXE with your NAS, please be sure to use a static IP for your NAS,
enable its DHCP service and specify the TFTP server IP and name of the boot file in
"Control Panel" > "Network" > click the "Edit" button next to the LAN port > "DHCP
210
server". For detail, please refer to the chapter on DHCP Server
211
88
.
8. QNAP Applications
Various applications are provided by QNAP to enhance your user experiences. For
details on these applications, refer to the following links:
Backup_Station 213
myQNAPcloud_Service 230
File_Station 234
Video Station 243
Photo_Station 252
Music_Station 264
Download_Station 271
HD_Station 279
Surveillance_Station 289
App_Center 293
212
8.1 Backup Station
Configure the NAS as a backup server, remote replication, cloud backup and external
backup with the Backup Station.
For details on the features, please refer to the following links:
Backup Server 214
Remote Replication 216
Cloud Backup 223
External Backup 225
213
8.1.1 Backup Server
Rsy nc Se rv e r
Enable Rsync server to configure the NAS as a backup server for data backup from a
remote Rsync server or NAS server. The default port number for remote replication via
Rsync is 873. Specify the maximum download rate for bandwidth control. 0 means
unlimited.
Ena ble ba c kup from a re m ote se rv e r to the loc a l host: Select this option to
allow data backup from a remote server (NAS) to the local server (NAS).
Allow re m ote Rsy nc se rv e r to ba c k up da ta to the NAS: Select this option to
allow data backup from an Rsync server to the local server (NAS). Enter the
username and password to authenticate the Rsync server which attempts to back
up data to the NAS.
RTRR Se rv e r
To allow real-time or schedule data replication from a remote server to the local NAS,
select "Enable Real-time Remote Replication Server". You can specify the port number
for remote replication. The default port number is 8899. Specify the maximum upload
and download rate for bandwidth control. 0 means unlimited. To allow only
authenticated access to back up data to the local NAS, specify the access password.
The client server will be prompted to enter the password to back up data to the NAS
via RTRR.
You can specify the IP addresses or host names which are allowed to access the NAS
for remote replication. Up to 10 rules can be configured. To allow all connections,
select "Allow all connections". To specify the IP addresses or host names, select "Allow
connections from the list only" and click "Add".
Enter an IP address or specify a range of IP addresses by entering the IP and subnet
mask. Select the access right "Read Only" or "Read/Write". By selecting "Read/Write",
the client server is allowed to delete the files on the local NAS. Click "Finish" to exit.
After saving the access rule, click "Apply" and the NAS will restart to apply the
settings.
214
Tim e Ma c hine
You can enable Time Machine support to use the NAS as a backup destination of
multiple Mac by the Time Machine feature on OS X. To use this function, follow the
steps below.
Configure the settings on the NAS:
1. Enable Time Machine support.
2. Enter the Time Machine password. The password is empty by default.
3. Select a volume on the NAS as the backup destination.
4. Enter the storage capacity that Time Machine backup is allowed to use. The
maximum value is 4095GB. To specify a larger capacity, please enter 0 (unlimited).
5. Click "Apply" to save the settings.
All the Time Machine users share the same shared folder for this function. Configure the
backup settings on Mac:
1. Open Time Machine on your Mac and click "Select Backup Disk".
2. Select the TMBackup on your NAS from the list and click "Use for Backup".
3. Enter the username and password to login the QNAP NAS. Then click "Connect".
o Registered username: TimeMachine
o Password: The password you have configured on the NAS. It is empty by
default.
4. Upon successful connection, the Time Machine is switched "ON". The available
space for backup is shown and the backup will start in 120 seconds.
The first time backup may take more time according to the data size on Mac. To
recover the data to the Mac OS, see the tutorial on http://www.apple.com.
Ma na ging B a c kup
You can manage the existing backup on this page.
Volume (drop down menu on top right side of the screen): Display Time Machine
backup tasks stored in the volume.
Name: The name of the Time Machine backup (the sparse bundle disk image which
was created by Time Machine).
Size: Size of this Time Machine backup.
Date Modified: Last modified date of this Time Machine backup.
Delete: Delete the selected Time Machine backup.
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8.1.2 Remote Replication
NAS to NAS a nd Rsy nc
The NAS data can be backed up to a remote NAS or Rsync server by Rsync remote
replication. If the backup destination is a NAS, go to "Main Menu" > "Backup Station" >
"Rsync Server" and enable the remote NAS as an Rsync backup server.
1. To create a replication job, click "Create a Replication Job".
2. Specify the server type, NAS or Rsync server, of the remote server. Enter a job
name. Click "Next".
3. Enter the IP address, port number, username and password to login the remote
server. The default port number is 873. Note that the login username must have
read/write access to the remote server and sufficient quota limit on the server.
Click "Test" to verify the connection. Then click "Apply".
4. Specify the local folder by clicking the Source folder box. After expanding and
locating the folder, double click the folder to set it as the directory where the data
will be replicated from.
5. Specify the destination folder Destination folder box. Locate the folder in the folder
tree and double click the folder to set it as the directory where the data will be
replicated to. And, click "Add" to add this pair of replication folders.
6. Click "Backup frequency" to configure the backup frequency. Select to replicate the
data immediately or specify the backup schedule.
7. Specify other options as follows for the remote replication job by clicking the
"Options" button and click "Apply".
o Enable encryption: Select this option to execute encrypted remote replication.
Note that you must turn on "Allow SSH connection" in "Network Services >
"Telnet/SSH" and specify the same port number for SSH and encrypted remote
replication.
o Activate file compression: Turn on this option to allow file compression during the
data transfer process. This option is recommended for low bandwidth
environment or remote replication over WAN.
o Perform incremental replication: When this option is turned on, after the firsttime replication, the NAS will only back up the files that have been changed
since the last backup. The files of the same name, size, and modified time will
not be copied again. You are recommended to turn on this option for the
replication job which will be executed for more than once in order to shorten the
backup time.
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o Delete extra files on remote destination: Select the option to synchronize the
source data with the destination data (one-way synchronization). Extra files on
the destination will be deleted. Source data will remain unchanged.
o Handle sparse files efficiently: A sparse file is a type of computer file that
contains large blocks of zero-byte data. Turning on this option may reduce the
time required for remote replication.
8. Click "Apply". If you select the "Execute backup immediately" option, the replication
task will start at once. Otherwise, it will be performed according to your schedule.
Note that the job is recursive. Do not turn off the local NAS and the remote server
when remote replication is running.
Note: For step 5, the order of selecting the source and destination folders can be
changed. The above is just an example.
Ico
Name
Description
Start
Start a replication job immediately.
Stop
Stop a running replication job.
View
View Rsync logs (replication results).
Edit
Edit a replication job.
Disable
Disable replication schedule.
Enable
Enable replication schedule.
n
To configure the timeout and retry settings of the replications jobs, click "Options".
Timeout (second): Specify a timeout value for each replication job. This is the
maximum number of seconds to wait until a replication job is cancelled if no data
has been received.
Number of retries: Specify the number of times the NAS should try to execute a
replication job should it fail.
Retry intervals (second): Specify the number of seconds to wait in between each
retry.
217
For example, if you entered 600 seconds for timeout, 3 retries, and 60 seconds for
retry intervals, a replication job will timeout in 600 seconds if no data is received. The
NAS will wait for 60 seconds and try to execute the job a second time. If the job timed
out again, the NAS wait for another 60 seconds and retry for a third time.
RTRR
Real-time Remote Replication (RTRR) provides real-time or scheduled data replication
and one-way and two-way data synchronization between two locations (such as local
NAS and a remote NAS, local NAS and an FTP server, or local NAS and an external
drive, or replication between two local folders.) In real-time mode, the source folder will
be monitored and any files that are new, changed, and renamed will be replicated to
the target folder immediately. In scheduled mode, the source folder will be replicated to
the target folder according to the pre-defined schedule.
One way synchronization refers to data synchronization from the source to the
destination, while two-way synchronization means both the source and destination are
synchronized after new files are copied in either side or files stored on either side are
changed or deleted.
If the backup destination is a NAS, the RTRR server ("Main Menu" > "Backup Station" >
"RTRR Server") or FTP service must first be enabled ("Main Menu" > "Control Panel" >
"Network Services" > "FTP") on the remote NAS.
NAS models
Firmware
Maximum number of
replication jobs
supported
Intel-based NAS
ARM-based (Non Intel-
Prior to v3.5.0
64*
v3.5.0 or above
32*
Prior to v3.5.0
RTRR replication not
based) NAS
supported.
v3.5.0 or above
8*
*Each job supports maximum 5 folder pairs.
If your NAS models are not listed below, please visit http://www.qnap.com for details.
218
Intel-based NAS
TS-x39 series, TS-x59 series, TS-x69 series, TS509, TS-809, TS-809 Pro, TS-809U-RP, SS-439
Pro, SS-839 Pro, TS-x59 Pro+, TS-879 Pro, TS1079 Pro, TS-879U-RP, TS-EC879U-RP, TS-1279URP, TS-EC1279U-RP
ARM-based (Non Intel-
TS-x10, TS-x12, TS-x19 series
based) NAS
Follow the steps below to create a replication job.
1. Click "Create a Replication Job".
2. When the wizard shows up, click "Next".
3. Select the synchronization locations and click "Next". Make sure the destination
device has been formatted and folders have been created. Two synchronization
options are available: one-way synchronization and two-way synchronization.
o For one-way synchronization, you can choose to:
Synchronize data from a local folder to a remote folder (NAS or FTP server)
Synchronize data from a remote folder (NAS or FTP server) to a local folder
Synchronize data from a local folder to another local folder or an external
drive
o For two-way synchronization, you can choose to:
Synchronize data between the source and destination
4. Enter the IP address or host name. Select the server type (FTP server or NAS
server with RTRR service enabled; note for two-way synchronization, only the NAS
server is available.)
o Remote replication to FTP server: Specify the port number and if you want to
enable FTP with SSL/TLS (Explicit) for encrypted data transfer. If the FTP server
is behind a firewall, enable passive mode. Enter the username and password with
read/write access to the server. Click "Next".
o Remote replication to NAS with RTRR service: Enter the IP address of the
RTRR service-enabled server. Specify the connection port and select whether or
not to enable secure connection. The default port number for remote replication
via RTRR is 8899. Enter the password for RTRR connection. Click "Next".
5. Select the folder pair for data synchronization.
6. Each sync job supports maximum 5 folder pairs. Select more folder pairs and click
"Add". Click "Next".
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7. Choose between real-time and scheduled synchronization. Real-time synchronization
copies files that are new, changed, and renamed from the source folder to the
target folder as soon as the changes are made after the first-time backup.
Scheduled synchronization copies files from the source folder to the target folder
according to the pre-configured schedule. The options are:
o Replicate Now: Replicate data immediately.
o Periodically: Enter the time interval in hour and minute that the backup should be
executed. The minimum time interval is 5 minutes.
o Hourly: Specify the minute when an hourly backup should be executed, e.g.
enter 01 to execute backup each first minute of every hour, 1:01, 2:01, 3:01...
o Daily: Specify the time when a daily backup should be executed, e.g. 02:02
every day.
o Weekly: Select a day of the week and the time when a weekly backup should be
executed.
o Monthly: Select a day of the month and the time when a monthly backup should
be executed.
o Occurs once at: Specify the date and time the scheduled replication job will
once be executed and this replication job will be executed only once.
Note:
If a folder or its parent folder or child folder has been selected as the source or
destination in a folder pair of a replication job, you cannot select the folder as
the source or destination of another folder pair of the same job.
You can also create a folder as you select the folder pair. To do so, please enter
the folder name and click the folder icon from the drop down list.
Starting QTS 4.1, RTRR can also back up the entire FTP site. To do so, please
select the root (/) from the folder drop-down list. Please note that this is only
the case when the source is a FTP site.
For two way synchronization, only scheduled data replication is supported.
The expiration time setting is not available for "Replicate Now" and "Occurs once
at" in Step 7.
Bandwidth Control in both RTRR and Rsync only works if both NAS servers of a
replication job (sender and receiver) are QNAP NAS and use firmware version 3.6
or above.
8. To configure synchronization policy, select "Configure policy and filter" and click
"Next". Select whether or not to enable the following options:
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o Delete extra files: Delete extra files in the target folder. Deletions made on the
source folder will be repeated on the target folder. This option is not available for
real-time synchronization.
o Detect sparse files: Select this option to ignore files of null data.
o Check file contents: Specify to examine file contents, date, size, and name to
determine if two files are identical. This option is not available for real-time
synchronization.
o Compress files during transmissions: Specify whether or not the files should be
compressed for synchronization operations. Note that more CPU resources will be
consumed.
o Ignore symbolic links: Select this option to ignore symbolic links in the pair folder.
o Extended attributes: Select this option to keep the information in extended
attributes.
o Timeout and retry settings: Specify the timeout period and retry settings if a
synchronization operation fails.
9. Specify the file size, file types to include/exclude, and file date/time to filter data
synchronization.Enter a job name.
o File size: Specify the minimum and maximum size of the files to be replicated.
o Include file types: Specify the file types to be replicated.
o Exclude file types: Specify the file types to be excluded for replication.
o File date/time: Specify the date and time of the files to be replicated.
10.Click "Next".
11.Confirm the settings and click "Next".
12.Click "Finish" to exit the wizard.
Ico
Name
Description
Enable and
Enable connection to a remote server.
Start
Start a replication job.
Stop
Stop connection to a remote server or external drive.
Stop
Stop a replication job.
View
View job status and logs; download logs.
Edit
Edit the connection settings of a remote server.
n
Edit the settings of a replication job.
Delete
Delete connection settings to a remote server.
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Delete a replication job.
This button is available only after a replication job is
stopped or the connection to the remote server is
stopped.
To edit the replication job properties, click "Options".
Under "Event Logs" you can select to enable "Download Detailed Logs" and specify the
maximum file size of the log file. You can also select to send an email alert when
synchronization fails or completes. Note that the SMTP server settings must be
properly set up on the NAS ("System Settings" > "Notification").
Specify the replication policy in "Policy" and filter settings in "Filter". These will become
the default settings for all RTRR replication jobs.
Downloa ding Re plic a tion Job Logs
To view the status and logs of a replication job, click the "View" button under "Action".
You can view the details of a replication job. You can view the job logs or download
the logs by clicking "Download Logs". The log file can be opened by Microsoft Excel or
other text editor software. Note that this button is only available after you have
enabled "Download Detailed Logs" in "Options" > "Event Logs" and executed the
replication job once.
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8.1.3 Cloud Backup
Am a zon S3
Amazon S3 (Simple Storage Service) is an online storage web service offered by AWS
(Amazon Web Services). It provides a simple web services interface that can be used
to store and retrieve the data from anywhere on the web. With Amazon S3, you can
upload the data from your NAS to Amazon S3 or download the data from Amazon S3 to
your NAS. Note that you need to register an AWS account from http://aws.amazon.
com and pay for the service. After signing up for an account, you need to create at
least one bucket (root folder) on Amazon S3 by an Amazon S3 application. We
recommend the Mozilla Firefox add-on "S3Fox" for beginners.
After setting up the Amazon S3 account, follow the steps below to back up the data to
or retrieve the data from Amazon S3 using the NAS.
1. Click "Create a Replication Job".
2. Enter the remote replication job name.
3. Select the usage type: "Upload" or "Download" and enter other settings. A bucket is
the root directory on Amazon S3. You can test the connection to the remote host
testing by clicking "Test". Other settings are optional.
4. Specify the local directory on the NAS for replication.
5. Enter the replication schedule.
6. Click "Finish". The replication job will be executed according to your schedule.
Ele pha ntDriv e
To use ElephantDrive Service, select "Enable ElephantDrive Service". Enter your email
and password for the ElephantDrive service. If you do not have an account, enter the
information and click "Create". Click "OK" to confirm. After creating an account, click
"Apply". The NAS will help you login the ElephantDrive service. After you have logged in
ElephantDrive service on the NAS, you can go to ElephantDrive website (http://www.
elephantdrive.com/qnap) and manage the backup. Login your ElephantDrive account.
You can manage the backup and restore jobs on the website (https://www.
elephantdrive.com/qnap).
Sy m form
To use Symform cloud backup, go to "Backup Station> Cloud Backup > Symform". Click
"Get Started Now" to install Symform. The NAS will download, verify, and install the
223
package automatically. Click "Configure". Enter your email address and click "Sign-In" to
activate Symform on the NAS. An activation code will be sent to this address. Check
your email to get the activation code and finish the setup. Configure Symform
according to the instructions.
When done, the folders chosen during the setup will be backed up to Symform Storage
Cloud. After Symform is activated, you will be able to see the device configuration.
Click "Cloud Dashboard" to have access to Symform Cloud Dashboard and check the
status of all the devices that are running Symform Storage Cloud.
Note a bout Sy m form se rv ic e :
Web administration interface TCP port: 59234
Contribution TCP port: Defined randomly during Symform setup and can be
changed if necessary.
All TCP outbound ports are mandatory.
The hard drive standby function of the NAS may not work when contribution is in
use, because Symform service always reads and writes data on the hard drives.
Symform with contribution requires network bandwidth. If contribution is
enabled, there will always be communication between the NAS and Symform
Cloud. This may cause network utilization and the bandwidth can be limited as
needed.
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8.1.4 External Backup
Ex te rna l Driv e
The NAS supports real-time and scheduled data backup between the internal disks
volumes on the NAS and external USB/eSATA storage devices. To use this feature,
follow the steps below.
Note : If an external storage device is encrypted by the NAS, make sure it is
unlocked in "External Device" > "External Storage" before creating any backup jobs.
1. Connect one or more external storage devices to the USB or eSATA (if available)
interfaces of the NAS.
2. Click "Create a new job".
3. When the wizard is shown, read the instructions carefully and click "Next".
4. Select the backup locations.
a. Select an external disk volume from the drop-down menu. The NAS supports
EXT3, EXT4, FAT, NTFS, and HFS+ file systems. The general information of the
storage device will be shown.
b. Select "Map this backup job to the volume ID only" to map the backup job to this
particular external storage device. The NAS will recognize the device and
execute the backup job according to the settings automatically every time it is
connected to the NAS via any USB/eSATA interface.
c. Select to back up the data from local disk volume to the external storage or vice
versa.
d. Click "Next".
5. Select the source and destination folders for backup. Then click "Add". Up to 5
folder pairs can be created. Click "Next".
Note :
Multiple partitions on the external storage device will be recognized as individual
disk volumes.
If a folder or its parent folder or child folder has been selected as the source or
destination in a folder pair of a backup job, the same folder cannot be selected
as the source or destination of another folder pair of the same backup job.
6. Choose between real-time and scheduled backup. Real-time backup copies files that
are new, changed, and renamed from the source folder to the target folder as soon
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as the changes are made after the first-time backup. Scheduled backup copies files
from the source folder to the target folder according to the schedule. The options
are:
o Replicate Now: Copy the data immediately.
o Periodically: Enter the time interval in hour and minute that the backup job
should be executed. The minimum time interval is 5 minutes.
o Hourly: Select the minute when an hourly backup should be executed, e.g. select
01 to execute the backup job every first minute of an hour, 1:01, 2:01, 3:01...
o Daily: Specify the time when a daily backup should be executed, e.g. 02:02
every day.
o Weekly: Select a day of the week and the time when a weekly backup should be
executed.
o Monthly: Select a day of the month and the time when a monthly backup should
be executed.
o Auto-Backup: Execute data backup automatically every time the device is
connected and detected by the NAS.
7. To configure the backup policy and filter settings, select "Configure policy and filter"
and click "Next". Select whether or not to enable the following options:
o Delete extra files: Delete extra files in the target folder. Deletions made on the
source folder will be repeated on the target folder. This option is not available for
real-time data backup.
o Detect sparse files: Select this option to ignore files of null data.
o Overwrite the file if the source file is newer or the file size is different
o Check file contents: Examine the file contents, date, size, and name to
determine if two files are identical. This option is not available for real-time data
backup.
o Ignore symbolic links: Select this option to ignore symbolic links in the pair folder.
8. Create filters for the backup job.
o File size: Specify the minimum and maximum size of the files to be copied.
o File date/time: Specify the date and time of the files to be copied.
o Include file types: Specify the file types to be copied.
o Exclude file types: Specify the file types to be excluded for data copy.
9. Enter a name for the backup job. A job name supports up to 63 characters; it
cannot start or end with a space. Click "Next".
10.Confirm the settings and click "Next".
11.Click "Finish" to exit the wizard.
12.The backup job and the status will be shown on the list.
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B utto
Na m e
De sc ription
Start
Start a backup job.
Stop
Stop a backup job.
Edit
Edit the settings of a backup job.
View /
View the job status and logs.
Downlo
Download the logs of a backup job.
n
ad
Delete
Delete a backup job.
This button is available only after a backup job is stopped.
To disable the backup schedule of a backup job, click the "Edit" button and select
"Disabled" under "Settings" > "Schedule Type" and click "OK".
Default Backup Job Settings
1. To edit the default backup job properties, click "Options".
2. Under "Event Logs" you can select to enable "Download Detailed Logs" and specify
the maximum file size of the log file. Select to send an email alert when a backup
job fails or completes. Note that the SMTP server settings must be properly set up
in "System Settings" > "Notification".
3. Specify the backup policy in "Policy" and filter settings in "Filter". These will become
the default settings for all the backup jobs.
Download Backup Logs
1. To download the logs of a backup job, make sure the option "Download Detailed
Logs" in "Options" > "Event Logs" has been enabled.
2. Click the "View / Download" button in "Action" column of a backup job.
3. Go to "Job Logs" and click "Download Logs". The log file can be opened by Microsoft
Excel or any other text editor software. Note that this button is only available after
you have enabled "Download Detailed Logs" in "Options" > "Event Logs" and
executed the backup job once.
USB O ne Touc h C opy
Enable the USB one touch copy button to back up data from the front USB drive to the
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NAS or vice versa. This feature is not supported by TS-809U-RP, TS-879U-RP, TSEC879U-RP, TS-1279U-RP, TS-EC1279U-RP.
Smart Import (Beta)
When users connect an external device, such as a camera, to the front USB port, all
photos and videos on the device will be imported to the NAS automatically without
pressing the "Copy" button. Imported files will be stored in "SmartImport," a newly
created folder, under the default backup directory. During each import, only new
photos and videos will be imported to a new folder.
USB O ne Touc h C opy
For customized backup configuration, please select "USB One Touch Copy."
Backup direction: From the front USB drive to the NAS or vice versa.
Backup method:
o Create directory: A new directory will be created on the destination and the
source data will be copied to this directory. The new directory will be named as
the backup date (YYYYMMDD). If there are two or more backups on the same
day, the directory will be named with YYYYMMDD-1, YYYYMMDD-2... and so on.
o Copy: Back up data to the destination share. If the same file exists, the
destination file will be overwritten.
o Synchronize: Back up data to the destination share and clear the redundant
files. If the same file exists, the destination file will be overwritten.
Handle sparse files efficiently: A sparse file is a type of computer file that contains
large blocks of zero-byte data. Turn on this option may reduce the time required for
backup.
Source and destination folders: Specify the folder pairs for backup and click "Add".
Maximum 9 folder pairs can be added.
Options: Click "Options" to set up notification of the backup jobs by email, SMS, or
instant messaging (IM).
Unmount the front USB drive manually: When enabled, users can press the Copy
button for about 8–10 seconds until the USB LED light turns off and remove the
front USB drive from the NAS.
Enable the alarm buzzer:
o One short beep: Backup has started.
o Two short beeps: The front USB drive is being unmounted.
Note : If there are multiple partitions on the source storage device, a new folder will
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be created for each partition on the destination as the backup folder. The backup
folder will be named with the backup date and the partition number, YYYYMMDD-1
for partition 1, YYYYMMDD-2 for partition 2... and so on. If the source storage
device contains only one partition, the backup folder will be named as YYYYMMDD
only.
Da ta c opy using front USB port
The NAS supports instant data copy backup from the external USB device to the NAS
or the other way round by the front one touch copy button. To use this function,
follow the steps below:
1. Make sure a hard drive is installed and formatted on the NAS. The default shared
folder Qusb/Usb has been created.
2. Turn on the NAS.
3. Configure the behavior of the Copy button on "Backup Station" > "USB One Touch
Copy" page.
4. Connect the USB device, for example, digital camera or flash, to the front USB port
of the NAS.
5. Press the Copy button once. The data will be copied according to your settings on
the NAS.
Note : Incremental backup is used for this feature. After the first time data backup,
the NAS only copies the changed files since the last backup.
C a ution: Files are copied from the source to the destination. Ex tra file s on the
de stina tion will be de le te d; file s of the sa m e na m e s will be ov e rwritte n by
the sourc e . Source data will remain unchanged.
As a n e x te rna l stora ge driv e
When an external device is connected to the front USB port, it will be identified as an
external storage drive connected to the port.
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8.2 myQNAPcloud Service
The myQNAPcloud service is a function which provides host name registration, mapping
of the dynamic NAS IP to a domain name, and auto port mapping of UPnP router on the
local network. Use the myQNAPcloud wizard to register a unique host name for the
NAS, configure automatic port forwarding on the UPnP router, and publish NAS services
for remote access over the Internet.
To use the myQNAPcloud service, make sure the NAS has been connected to an UPnP
router and the Internet and click the myQNAPcloud shortcut from the NAS Desktop or
Main Menu.
m y Q NAPc loud Wiza rd
The first time you use the myQNAPcloud service, you are recommended to use the
myQNAPcloud wizard to complete the settings. Follow the steps below:
1. Click "Get Started" to use the wizard.
2. Click "Start".
3. Fill out all required fields, agree to the terms and conditions and click "Next" to
create a myQNAPcloud account (or, click "Sign in myQNAPcloud account" to login to
your myQNAPcloud account if you already have an account.)
4. Enter a name to register your NAS and click "Next".
5. The wizard will configure your router automatically.
6. Review the summary page and click "Finish" to complete the wizard.
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7. If any of the settings is unsuccessful, follow the instructions provided to
troubleshoot the issues. After the wizard is finished, a confirmation email will be
sent to the email account specified. Click "Confirm Registration" from the email and
proceed to complete the registration process.
Ma na ging a nd C onfiguring y our m y Q NAPc loud Ac c ount
Click "Manage myQNAPcloud Account" on top of the page after launching myQNAPcloud
or log into your account at http://www.myqnapcloud.com. Click your login ID next to
the "Enter device name" box and select "My Devices" from the drop down menu to
review your device details, including the name, DDNS address, LAN and WAN IP. Or,
select "My Account" to check your profile, change your password and monitor your
account activity.
Ac c e ssing NAS Se rv ic e s v ia the m y Q NAPc loud We bsite
To access the NAS services via the myQNAPcloud website, specify the NAS you
registered with in the search box and click "Go!".
The published public NAS services will be listed. Enter the access code to browse
private services.
Note : For configuration on private NAS services, please refer to the DDNS/Cloud
Portal section later in this chapter.
Auto Route r C onfigura tion
In "Remote Access Services" > "Auto Router Configuration", you can enable or disable
UPnP port forwarding. When this option is enabled, your NAS is accessible from the
Internet via the UPnP router.
Note : If there is more than one routers on the network, only the one which is set
as the default gateway of the NAS will be detected.
Click "Rescan" to detect the router if no UPnP router is found on the local network and
"Diagnostics" to check the diagnostic logs. If the UPnP router is incompatible with the
NAS, click the tooltip icon (!) and then click "UPnP Router Compatibility Feedback..." (
http://www.qnap.com/go/compatibility_router.html) to contact the technical support.
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Select the NAS services to be allowed for remote access. Click "Apply to Router". The
NAS will configure the port forwarding on the UPnP router automatically. You will then
be able to access the NAS services from the Internet.
Note :
If more than two NAS are connected to one UPnP router, please specify a
different port for each NAS. If the router does not support UPnP, users are
required to configure port forwarding manually on the router. Please refer to the
links below:
Application note: http://www.qnap.com/go/notes.html
FAQ: http://www.qnap.com/faq
UPnP router compatibility list: http://www.qnap.com/
UPnP_Router_Compatibility_List
DDNS/C loud Porta l
With the Cloud Portal, web-based NAS services such as web administration, Web
Server, Multimedia Server, and File Station, can be published to http://www.
myqnapcloud.com. By enabling the NAS services in this step, they are opened for
remote access even if they are not published. Enable the My DDNS service in "Remote
Access Service" and the NAS will notify the myQNAPcloud server automatically if the
WAN IP address of the NAS has changed. To use the myQNAPcloud service, make sure
the NAS has been connected to an UPnP router and the Internet.
Note :
The myQNAPcloud name of each QNAP NAS is unique. One myQNAPcloud name
can only be used with one NAS.
A registered myQNAPcloud name will expire in 120 days if your NAS remains
offline within the period. Once the name is expired, it will be released for new
registration by other users.
Follow the steps below:
1. In "Remote Access Services" > "DDNS/Cloud Portal" > "Cloud Portal", the web-based
NAS services are shown. Select "Publish" to publish the NAS services to
myQNAPcloud website. Select "Private" to hide the published NAS services from
public access. The private services on the myQNAPcloud website are only visible to
specified users with the myQNAPcloud access code. Note that if a disabled NAS
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service is published, the service will not be accessible even the corresponding icon
is shown on myQNAPcloud website (http://www.myQNAPcloud.com).
2. Set myQNAPcloud Access Code: Enter a code of 6-16 characters (a-z, A-Z, 0-9
only). The code is required when NAS users attempt to view the private NAS
services on the myQNAPCloud website.
3. Click "Add Users" and specify maximum 9 local NAS users who are allowed to view
the private NAS services published on the myQNAPcloud website.
4. Select the connection method: the myQNAPcloud Connect (VPN) utility and/or
myQNAPcloud website. Click "Apply". Click "Apply" to save the settings.
5. To send the instructions of the myQNAPcloud service to users via email, select the
user(s) and click the "Send Invitation" button.
6. Enter the email address. Click "Send".
Note : To use this function, the mail server settings must be properly configured in
"System Settings" > "Notification" > "SMTP Server".
C loudLink (B e ta )
The CloudLink is a new service provided by QNAP for remote access to your QNAP NAS
over the network without changing the settings of your router, even if UPnP is not
supported. Check "Enable CloudLink (Beta) service" to enable this service.
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8.3 File Station
The File Station is an online file management center. With the File Station, you can
access the NAS across the Internet, manage files using a web browser, quickly find
your files, play media files online, set file and folder permissions and easily share your
files and folders on the NAS.
Sta rting F ile Sta tion
Launch the File Station from the File Station shortcut on the Main Menu or the
Desktop, or log directly into the File Station (type http://NAS_Name_or_IP/cgi-bin/
filemanager.html into a web browser.)
F a m ilia rizing y ourse lf with F ile Sta tion
Me nu B a r
No.
Name
Description
1
Search Bar
Search files by their name, file type (music,
video, photo) or with advanced search.
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2
Browsing Mode
Switch between different browsing modes
(from left to right: thumbnail browsing mode/
list browsing mode/detail browsing mode.)
3
Create Folder
Create a folder on the selected shared folder.
4
Copy / Paste
Copy / paste folders or/and files.
5
Upload
Upload files to the selected shared folder.
6
Share
Share the folder/file via email, publish the
folder/file, or share the link of the folder/file.
7
More Action
Bookmark the selected shared folder (and it
will appear under "Favorites" on the left
panel.)
Check folder properties
Review transcode information and
background tasks (i.e. file compressions,
file upload and moving files within the
NAS.)
8
Smart File Filter
Filter files based on conditions set by users
and the conditions will apply to all folders.
9
Refresh
10
Settings
Refresh the current page.
Set to show/hide files and folders on the
local PC
Set to show/hide hidden files
Left Panel
Shared folders: All shared folders on the NAS are listed here. Depending on your
NAS model, the default shared folders are "Download", "home", "Multimedia", "Public",
"USB" and "Web"
Local folders: Folders on the local PC are listed here, but Java JRE needs to be
enabled first.
Qsync: Folder or files synchronized from the Qsync service are listed here.
Favorites: Bookmarked folders are listed here.
Share: Files and folders that have been shared are listed here.
Recycle Bin: Deleted files or folders can be found here. Right click the deleted items
in the recycle bin to permanently delete or recover them.
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Right Panel
Properties: Click this tab to review the details of a file and folder and click
"Calculate Size" to calculate the size of a folder.
Permission: Click this tab to configure shared folder permissions. For steps on
setting folder permissions, please refer to the "Set file/folder level permission"
section below.
Using F ile Sta tion
C re a ting sha re d folde rs
To create a shared folder, click "+" next to the NAS (the first item on the left panel,)
specify the folder name, folder description, the disk volume, user access privileges and
advanced settings in the shared folder creation dialog window and click "Create".
Subfolder operations
Right click a subfolder and choose to perform the following actions:
Action
Description
Sort By
Sort all the subfolders and files within the page by
name, modified date, type, or size.
Create folder
Create a subfolder.
Copy/Paste
Copy a subfolder and paste it to another shared folder.
Share
Share the selected folder via email;
Publish the selected folder on social networking
sites;
Set sharing details
Open
Enter the chosen subfolder.
Download
Compress and download the chosen subfolder.
Rename
Rename the subfolder.
Move
Move the subfolder to another location on the NAS.
Delete
Delete the subfolder.
Cut/Paste
Cut a subfolder and paste it to another shared folder.
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Add to Transcode
Create transcode tasks for the files within the
(Beta)
subfolder.
Cancel/Delete
Cancel / Delete transcode tasks created for the
Transcoding
subfolder
Transcode Information
Bring up the Transcode Task widow for your review on
transcode tasks.
Add to Favorites
Bookmark the subfolder and it will appear under
"Favorites" on the left panel.
Compress(Zip)
Compress the subfolder.
Properties
Switch to open the right panel.
Tip: For folders and files, the shortcut keys are provided for quick file and folder
operations. Available shortcut keys include:
Ctrl + C: Copy selected files/folders.
Ctrl + V: Paste selected files/folders.
Ctrl + X: Cut selected files/folders.
Ctrl + A: Select all files/folders.
F2: Rename the selected file/folder.
F5: Reload the current list.
File operations
Right click a file and choose to perform the following actions:
Action
Description
Sort By
Sort all the subfolders and files within the page by name,
modified date, type, or size.
Copy/Paste
Share
Copy a subfolder and paste it to another shared folder.
Share the selected file via email;
Publish the selected file on social networking sites;
Set sharing details
Open
Open the file with a corresponding application on your PC.
If no such applications available, the file will be
downloaded.
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Open with VLC
If the chosen file is a video file, it will be opened in the
browser (the VLC plug-in needs to be installed first.)
Download
Download the file. If the file chosen is a video that has
been transcoded, you can choose its resolution and
download the file. If multiple files are selected for the
download, they will be compressed before the download.
Rename
Rename the file.
Move
Move the file to another location on the NAS.
Delete
Delete the file.
Cut/Paste
Cut a file and paste it to another shared folder.
Add to Transcode
Create a transcode task for the file.
(Beta)
Cancel/Delete
Cancel / Delete transcode task.
Transcoding
Transcode
Bring up the Transcode Task widow for your review on
Information
transcode tasks.
Extract
Extract the compressed file.
Compress(Zip)
Compress the file.
Mount ISO
Mount the iso image as a shared folder on the left panel.
After the file is mounted successfully, you can click that
shared folder to access the content of that iso image. To
unmount an iso file, please right click the iso-mounted
shared folder on the left panel and choose "Unmount".
Properties
Switch to open the right panel.
Note :
For IE 8, the maximum size of a file that can be uploaded to the NAS by the File
Station is 2GB if the JAVA plug-in is not installed. For file upload, please consider
IE 9, Firefox 3.6, Safari 5 and Chrome, as JAVA plug-in is not required.
For Chrome, multiple files and folders can be dragged once and dropped in the
File Station to upload them directly.
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For ARM based NAS models, Cyrillic characters are not supported for the name of
a subfolder in an ISO shared folder (the name will not be correctly displayed if
that subfolder is created with a Cyrillic name.) Please name the subfolder with a
different language before an ISO file is created.
For Mac OSX, mounting a folder that contains the # character in the folder
name through WebDAV is not supported. Please rename the folder before
mounting it if necessary.
Playing media files
To play media files with the File Station, please double click a multimedia file (photo,
music and video files) in the File Station and the Media Viewer (a built-in media player
for the NAS) will be opened to play that file. Use the following buttons to control the
Media Viewer:
N
Name
Description
1
Play / Pause
Play / Pause.
2
Rotate
Rotate the photo counter-clockwise/
o
clockwise by 90 degrees (for photos
only.)
3
Previous Item
Play the previous item.
4
Next Item
Play the next item.
5
Download
Download the item.
6
Delete
Delete the item.
7
Preview Bar
Hide/show the preview bar.
8
Play / Pause
Play / Pause the current item.
9
Seek Bar
Control the playback progress.
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1
Volume
Adjust the volume.
Full Screen
Switch to the full screen mode.
0
1
1
Note : The media viewer feature can be used to play photos and music files on all
NAS models. However, the feature to play videos using the media viewer is
available on the x69 and x70 series models.
Finding your files/folders quickly
The File Station supports smart search of files, sub-folders, and folders on the NAS.
You can search a file or folder by all or part of the file or folder name, by file types
(music, video or photo), or by the file extension (for example, AVI, MP3.) There are two
additional approaches you can quickly find your files: 1) advanced search; and 2) smart
file filter.
For the advanced search, first click the magnifier in the search bar and then
"Advanced Search". Specify the search conditions (including name, size, date files
are modified, location, type and owner/group) and click "Search". The files that
match the searched conditions in the current folder will be listed.
For the smart file filter, first click on the "Smart File Filter" button on the Main
Menu. Specify the filtering conditions (including name, size, date files are modified,
type and owner/group) and click "OK". The files that match the filtering conditions
will be listed for the folder. This is the case even if you switch to a different folder.
Note : To search across all folders on the NAS, please click the drop down list in
"Location" and select "…".
Setting file/folder level permission
You can set file or folder level permissions on the NAS by the File Station. Right click a
file or folder and select "Properties".
If the "Advanced Folder Permissions" option is disabled in "Privilege Settings" > "Shared
Folder" > "Advanced Permissions", the following settings will be shown. Define the Read,
Write, and Execute access rights for Owner, Group, and Others.
Owner: Owner of file or folder.
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Group: Group owner of the file or folder.
Others: Any other (local or domain member) users who are not the owner or a
member of the group owner.
If a folder is selected, you can choose "Apply changes to folder(s), subfolder(s) and file
(s)" to apply the settings to all the files and subfolders within the selected folder. Click
"OK" to confirm.
If the "Enable Advanced Folder Permissions" option is enabled in "Privilege Settings" >
"Shared Folder" > "Advanced Permissions", you will be able to specify the file and folder
permissions by users and user groups. Click + to do so.
To select the users and user groups and specify the Read and Write rights, click "Add"
to do so.
To remove the permissions on the list, select the user(s) or user group(s) and click "–"
to do so.
You can also define the file and folder owner by clicking the edit button next to the
owner field. To do this, select a user from the list or search a username, and then, click
"Set".
The following options are available for folder permission settings. You are recommended
to configure folder permissions and subfolder permissions in "Privilege Settings" >
"Shared Folders".
Only the owner can delete the contents: When you apply this option to a folder,
the first-level subfolders and files can be deleted only by their owner.
Only admin can create files and folders: When you apply this option to a folder, only
administrators can create files or folders.
Apply changes to files and subfolders: Apply changed permissions settings except
owner protection to all the files and subfolders within the selected folder. The
option "Only the owner can delete the contents" will not be applied to subfolders.
Apply and replace all existing permissions of this folder, files, and subfolders: Select
this option to override all previously configured permissions of the selected folder
and its files and subfolders except owner protection. The option "Only the owner
can delete the contents" will not be applied to subfolders.
Sharing files
To share the files on the NAS by the File Station, please follow the steps below:
1. Right click the file(s)/folder(s) and select "Share".
2. Switch to "Settings" and configure the sharing link:
o Specify the Link Name
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o Select the IP or domain name of the NAS.
o Check "Allow file upload to this folder", and link recipients can upload files to the
folder pointed to by the link (for folder only and please note that this option is
available for administrators only.)
o Select to create the link(s) in SSL (optional) and specify the expiration settings
and enter a password (optional).
o Check "Include the password in the email if the link is sent via email" to include
the password in the email sent to the recipients.
3. To share the links by emails, switch to "Send" in the Share dialog window and enter
the contents. Click the "Send" button after you are done. Note that you can click
the link in the dialog window to preview the link page or provide the link directly to
your friends, but this is only the case if the link is a domain name or WAN IP.
4. To share the links on social networking sites, switch to "Publish" in the Share dialog
window and enter the content. Click the social networking site you would like to
share the link on after you are done.
Note :
To share links by emails, the mail server settings must be properly configured in
"System Settings" > "Notification" > "SMTP Server".
Up to 1000 sharing links are supported.
For best performance, please consider using the following browsers: IE 9, Firefox
3.6, Safari 5, or Chrome.
Please do not close the browser before file transfer process (upload or
download) is complete, or the process will fail.
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8.4 Video Station
The Video Station (2.0) is a video management tool used to organize your videos on
the Turbo NAS and to share them with your friends and family across the Internet. With
the Video Station, you can classify your videos into home videos, movies, TV shows or
music videos for your personal collection. Besides, a smart collection can be set to
automatically sort out videos that match search criteria and help you neatly manage
your videos.
Sta rting V ide o Sta tion
Please go to the App Center and make sure that the Video Station has been installed
and enabled first (for QTS 4.1 or later versions only) and follow the steps below to
prepare for the Video Station:
1. Upload videos to a shared folder on the NAS: There are three approaches you can
upload videos to the NAS: 1) Install Qfinder on your PC or Mac, set up a network
drive and upload files to your preferred shared folders. For details on setting up a
network drive, please check the chapter "Connecting to NAS Shared Folders.
26
"; 2)
Click "Shared Videos" or "Private Collection" on the left panel, and "Import" (up
arrow icon) on the main menu to import videos from the local PC. A new shared
folder named with the date that files are uploaded will be created on the Turbo NAS
to store your uploaded files (for "Shared Videos", this newly created shared folder is
located under the "/multimedia" folder; for "Private Collection", this shared folder is
located under the "/home" folder.) A corresponding collection will be created under
"Video Collection" as well; 3) Switch to the folder view browsing mode and drag and
drop videos to a preferred folder. Note that with the first and third approach, you
243
can choose which folder on the NAS that you would like to upload videos into.
Tips on file uploa d:
The maximum size of an image file is 2GB.
The maximum size of multiple files that can be uploaded at a time is 2GB.
2. Launch the Video Station from the Main Menu or the Video Station shortcut on the
Desktop or log directly into the Video Station (type http://NAS_Name_or_IP/video/
into a web browser.)
Note :
The admin login credential of the Video Station is the same as that of the NAS
administrator.
Video formats supported by the Video Station include: MP4 (H.264) (mt2s, avi,
mpg, wmv, ts, asf, mtd, mov, m2v, mpeg, 3gp, mkv, mts, tod, mod, trp, m1v,
m4v, divx, flv, rmvb, rm will need to be converted into the MP4 format for online
playing.)
F a m ilia rizing y ourse lf with V ide o Sta tion
Me nu B a r
N
Name
Description
Search Bar
Search video files by title, video date, tag, rating,
o
1
or color label.
2
Browsing Mode
Switch between different browsing modes (from left
to right: thumbnail browsing mode/list browsing
mode/timeline browsing mode/folder browsing mode)
to browse videos.
244
3
Multi-select
Select multiple items at the same time
4
Resizing Bar
Resize video thumbnails.
5
Refresh
Refresh the current page.
6
Settings
Set video classification, content filters and
configure miscellaneous settings.
Video Classification: Add, remove and rescan
folders to be classified and classify folders into
the following categories (Home Videos, Movies,
TV Shows, or Music Videos.) The classified videos
will be organized into a video library for smart
collections.
Content Filter: Set folders as the content source
of the Video Station here. Use this feature to
filter out (hide) undesired videos and show only
intended contents.
Miscellaneous: check "Always ask me to enter my
password when accessing Private Collection and
Qsync", and each time a user is trying to access
those categories, that user will be prompted for
password.
7
Timeline
List videos chronically as timeline.
8
Date Filter
Filter videos by date.
9
Import
Import videos
1
Sharing
Choose to email, publish, or share the link of a
0
1
collection.
Sharing History
Show the history of files that have been shared.
Tag Filter
Filter videos by tag.
1
1
2
Left Panel
Shared Videos: List all videos contained in all shared folders on the Turbo NAS
(except videos in the "/home" and "Qsync" folders) and all videos are only visible to
authorized users.
245
Private Collection: List all videos located in the "/home" folder, and those multimedia
files can be viewed by yourself only.
Qsync: List videos synchronized from the Qsync service.
Video Collection: List all virtual collections. Note that all entries listed under a
collection are only links to the physical files. This can effectively conserve your NAS
storage space, as you can keep only one copy of the videos even when you create
a collection for a special theme. For collection operations, please refer to the
section on Using Video Station below.
Smart Collection: List all smart collections. Smart collections will only show videos
that match specific classifications chosen by users, such as Home Videos, Movies,
TV Shows and Music Videos, and can save you a lot of effort on video
management. For instructions on smart collection operations, please refer to the
section on Using Video Station below.
Recently: Include videos recently imported (within a month) from a local device or
taken with a camera or recording device.
Trash Can: All videos deleted can be found here and right click the deleted items in
the Trash Can to recover or permanently delete them. Note that only deleted
physical files (instead of virtual links) will show up in the trash can.
Note :
The "/home" folder can be accessed by its owner and NAS administrators only.
For your private videos, please consider storing them in the "/home" folder only.
For configuration on media folders, please refer to the chapter on Multimedia
Management. For user setup and configuration, please refer to the "User"
section in the chapter on Privilege Settings.
If the videos uploaded do not show up in the Video Station, please scan them
with the Media Library and wait until the scan is finished. For details on the
scan, please refer to the chapter on Multimedia Management.
Right Panel
246
N
Name
Description
1
Video Property
Review and edit video properties.
2
Tag and
Edit and browse video tags and descriptions.
o
Description
3
Sharing
Drag files to this area and share them via a link (including
three methods: email, social sharing and link.)
4
Email
Share a link via email. Specify the sender, recipient, subject
and message body of the email and click "Send" to send the
email. Make sure your email account is properly configured.
Go to "Control Panel" > "System Settings" > "Notifications" >
"SMTP Server" for email configuration.
5
Social Sharing
Share a link of selected files on social networking sites.
Specify the subject and message body and click the social
networking site icon to share.
6
Link
Share a link of selected videos by directly pasting it into an
email or instant message. Drag and drop videos under
"Select Videos" and under "Select Link Format", select the
domain name, LAN IP or WAN IP address (note that the
myQNAPcloud.com domain name is only available after it is
registered in myQNAPcloud. Please refer to the chapter on
myQNAPcloud Service for details) and HTML format (click to
choose a URL link, HTML code, vB Forum code or Alt Forum
code) from the drop down menu. Click "Create", specify the
name of the collection displayed on the page seen as
recipients open the link. Copy and paste the URL link in the
dialog window to your preferred applications.
Note : Multiple video files can be classified at the same time. To do so, please first
select the video files, click the "Video Property" button on the right panel and
choose their classification from the classification drop down list.
Using V ide o Sta tion
247
C re a ting a nd m a na ging c olle c tions
There are two approaches a collection can be created:
1. Switch to the folder view, right click a shared folder and select "Create New
Collection" to turn that shared folder into a collection.
2. Drag and drop videos in "Video Collection" on the left panel.
Right click a collection and choose to play, download, remove, rename, email the link
of, publish the link, share the link of that collection, or modify the settings of that
collection (The email, publish and share options are only available if "Share with the
public" is enabled in "Collection Settings".)
Creating and managing smart collections
To create a smart collection, please click "+" next to "Smart Collection", specify the
name of the collection, the classification (Home Videos, Movies, TV Shows and Music
Videos) and search criteria (all files and tag). Right click a smart collection and choose
to play, download, remove, rename, or reset collection settings. Right click a smart
collection and choose to play, download, remove, rename, email the link of, publish the
link, share the link of that collection, or modify the settings of that collection (The
email, publish and share options are only available if "Share with the public" is enabled
in "Collection Settings").
Sharing collections
As you create a collection, you can choose to share it with other NAS users (choose
whether all NAS users can edit the collection, or only the collection creator/
administrator can edit the collection) or the public, or not to share at all (leave both
options unchecked), and set the valid period on the collection creation page. If a
collection is set to share with the public, you can right click that collection and select
"Email" to email it, "Publish" to publish it on social networking sites, or "Sharing Links" to
generate and paste the collection link on your blog, forum, or instant messenger
programs. You can still edit the collection content later, and the updated content will
be presented when viewers click the same link again.
On the other hand, you can also share a number of videos as you do with collections.
To do so, please click the "Sharing" button on the right panel, drag videos from
different collections and drop under "Select Videos" on the right panel and use the
"Email", "Social Sharing", or "Link" button to share those videos. Then, your friends can
log into the Video Station with the link provided to them to watch videos from shared
248
collections. To check the sharing history of a selected collection, please first click that
collection and then the "Sharing History" button on the main menu.
Video Operations
Right click a video and choose to perform a desired action from the table below.
Operation
Description
Play
Play the video online in the browser.
Open with VLC
Play the video in a browser window with the VLC player
(please install the VLC plug-in first.)
Download
Download the video.
Copy to Collection
Copy the video to a collection.
Set as Cover
Set the video thumbnail as the cover of a collection.
Add to Transcode
Convert the video to the following resolutions: 240P,
360P, 480P SD, 720P HD and 1080P Full HD.
Rotate
Rotate the video 90 degrees clockwise or counterclockwise
Add to Sharing List
Add the selected videos to the sharing list.
Remove/Delete
Delete the video.
Movie Information
Review movie information (such as genre, director, cast,
etc) of the selected video.
Add Tag
Tag the video.
Rating
Rate the video.
Color Label
Color-label the video.
Note :
The movie information option is only available after the video selected is
classified as "Movies". Please click the video property button on the right panel
and the classification drop down menu to classify a video.
The information is retrieved from the Internet based on the English title of this
video file. If the movie information is not correct, please modify the English title
to retrieve the movie information again.
249
Finding your videos quickly
To quickly locate your videos, please be sure to first rate or classify your videos. To do
so, please right click the videos and then tag, rate or color label them. To batch mark
or classify multiple videos, first click the "Multi-select" button on the main menu or hold
the Ctrl key on the keyboard, select your desired videos and right click the videos to
rate or classify them. After videos are tagged, rated, or color labeled, they can be
searched by their rating, color label or tag in the search bar on the Main Menu.
Viewing videos
Double click a video to switch to the video viewing mode and use the buttons to view
videos:
N
Name
Description
1
Play / Pause
Play / Pause
2
Seek Bar
Control the playback progress
3
Mute / Volume
Mute or unmute.
4
Volume Bar
Adjust the volume.
5
Full Screen
Switch to the full screen mode.
o
Me dia Libra ry a nd Priv a c y Se ttings
Video files in the Video Station are listed and displayed according to shared folder
privileges and media folders settings in the Media Library 183 . For shared folder
privileges, only users with an appropriate permission to a shared folder can view its
contents in the Video Station. For example, if a user does not have read/write, or readonly permissions to a certain shared folder, that user cannot see the videos in the
shared folder.
Note :
250
For x86 based NAS models, all shared folders except the "/recording" and "/web"
shared folders are media folders by default; while for ARM based NAS models,
only "/multimedia" and "/homes" are media folders by default. However, users can
always add media folders manually.
In addition to shared folder privileges, you can also protect your privacy by
storing your private videos in your "/home" shared folder to hide them from other
NAS users (except the NAS administrator; and your "/home" folder can be found
under "Private Collection". Anyone attempting to access this folder in the Video
Station will be prompted for password.)
Videos stored in the media shared folders are only visible after they are detected and
scanned by the Media Library. To set the Media Library to scan for videos manually or
by schedule, please go to "Control Panel" > "Multimedia Management" > "Media Library".
For details on media folder settings, please refer to the chapter on Multimedia
Management.
Note : As the media folders in the Media Library are shared by the Photo Station,
Music Station, Video Station and DLNA Media Server as the source of their
contents, the contents will be affected in those applications if new media folders
are added or existing media folders are removed from the Media Library.
251
8.5 Photo Station
The Photo Station (4.0) is an online photo album used to organize your multimedia
content (photos and videos) on the Turbo NAS and to share them with your friends and
family across the Internet. With the Photo Station, users can drag & drop photos in a
virtual album, which not only spares users the effort to tediously move and copy
physical files around, but also helps users save storage space, as users only need to
keep one copy of their photos on the NAS when they try to create an album for a
special theme. Besides, a smart album can automatically collect contents that match
search criteria and help users neatly manage their photos.
Sta rting Photo Sta tion
Depending on your NAS model, the Photo Station should be enabled by default and can
be launched from the Desktop or the Main Menu. If not, please go to the App Center
and make sure that the Photo Station has been installed and enabled first (for QTS 4.1
or later versions only) and follow the steps below to prepare for the Photo Station:
252
1. Import photos and videos to a shared folder on the NAS. There are three
approaches you can upload photos and videos to the NAS: 1) Install Qfinder on
your PC or Mac, set up a network drive and upload files to your preferred shared
folders. For details on setting up a network drive, please check the chapter on
Connecting to NAS Shared Folders
26
; 2) Click "Shared Photos" or "Private
Collection" on the left panel and click "Import" on the main menu to import photos or
videos from the local PC. A new shared folder named with the date that files are
uploaded will be created on the Turbo NAS to store your uploaded files (for "Shared
Photos", this newly created shared folder is located under the "Multimedia" folder;
for "Private Collection", this shared folder is located under the "/home" folder.) A
corresponding album will be created under "Album" as well; and 3) Switch to the
folder view browsing mode and drag and drop photos and videos to a preferred
folder. Note that with the first and third approach, you can choose which folder on
the NAS that you would like to upload photos and videos into.
The Photo Station supports the following file formats:
Image
bmp (Intel-based NAS only), jpg, jpeg, gif, png, tif and tiff
MP4 (H.264). For other formats (avi, m2ts, mpg, mp4, wmv, ts, tp,
Video
asf, m2t, mov, mod, m2v, mpeg, 3gp, mkv, mts, tod, trp, m1v,
m4v, rmp4, divx, flv, rmvb and rm), they need to be converted into
MP4 first.
Tips on file uploa d:
The maximum size of an image file is 2GB.
The maximum size of multiple files that can be uploaded at a time is 2GB.
2. Launch the Photo Station from the Main Menu or the Photo Station shortcut on the
Desktop or log directly into the Photo Station (type http://NAS_Name_or_IP/photo/
into a web browser.)
Note : The admin login credential of the Photo Station is the same as that of the
NAS administrator.
F a m ilia rizing y ourse lf with Photo Sta tion
Me nu B a r
253
N
Name
Description
Search Bar
Search photo and video files by title, photo date, tag,
o
1
rating, or color label.
2
Browsing
Switch between different browsing modes (from left to right:
Mode
thumbnail browsing mode/list browsing mode/timeline
browsing mode/folder browsing mode) to browse photos and
videos.
3
Photo / Video
Display photos, videos, or both.
Filter
4
Multi-Select
Select multiple items at the same time.
5
Slideshow
Play photos as a slideshow.
6
Resizing Bar
Resize photos or videos.
7
Refresh
Refresh the current page.
8
Settings
Set content filters, bind with accounts on social networking
sites and configure miscellaneous settings.
Content Filter: Set shared folders as the content source
of the Photo Station here. Use this feature to filter out
(hide) undesired photos and videos and show only
intended contents.
254
Social Network Binding: Switch to this tab, choose the
accessible folders that can be accessed by your friends
on the social networking sites and click "Bind with
Facebook". After the account is bound successfully, your
Facebook friends can log into the Photo Station (http://
NAS_Name_or_IP/photo/) with their account to browse
photos from albums opened for them.
Miscellaneous: check "Always ask me to enter my
password when accessing Private Collection and Qsync",
and each time a user is trying to access those
categories, that user will be prompted for password.
9
Timeline
List photos or videos chronically as timeline.
1
Date Filter
Filter photos or videos by date.
Import
Import photos and videos.
Sharing
Choose to email, publish, or share the link of a album.
Photo Map
Show the photo map. This feature is only available for
0
1
1
1
2
1
3
photos with GPS coordinates; for photos with no GPS
coordinates, please follow the steps in the Geotagging
photos section to set their GPS coordinates.
1
Sharing
4
History
1
Tag Filter
Show the history of files that have been shared.
Filter photos or videos by tag.
5
Left Panel
Shared Photos: List all photos and videos contained in all shared folders on the
Turbo NAS (except photos and videos in the "/home" and "Qsync" folders) and all
photos and videos are only visible to authorized users.
Private Collection: List all photos and videos located in the "/home" folder, and
those multimedia files can be viewed by yourself only.
Qsync: List photos and videos synchronized from the Qsync service.
255
Album: List all virtual albums. Note that all entries listed under an album are only
links to the physical files. This can effectively conserve your NAS storage space, as
you can keep only one copy of the photos even when you create an album for a
special theme. For album operations, please refer to the section on Using Photo
Station below.
Smart Album: List all smart albums. Smart albums will only show photos or videos
that match specific conditions chosen by users, such as today in history, random,
tag and all files and can save you a lot of effort on photo management. For
instructions on smart album operations, please refer to the section on Using Photo
Station below.
Recently: Include photos and videos recently imported (within a month) from local
device or taken with a camera or recording device.
Trash Can: All photos and videos deleted can be found here and right click the
deleted items in the Trash Can to recover or permanently delete them. Note that
only deleted physical files (instead of virtual links) will show up in the trash can.
Note :
The "/home" folder can only be accessed by its owner and NAS administrators.
For your private photos, please consider storing them only in the "/home" folder.
For configuration on media folders, please refer to the chapter on Multimedia
Management 183 . For user setup and configuration, please refer to the "User 131 "
section in the chapter on Privilege Settings.
If the photos or videos uploaded do not show up in the Photo Station, please
scan them with the Media Library and wait until the scan is finished. For details
on the scan, please refer to the chapter on Multimedia Management 183 .
Right Panel
256
N
Name
Description
EXIF
Review photo/video EXIF information and photos can be
o
1
geotagged here.
2
Informatio
Edit and browse photo/video details, tags and descriptions.
n
3
Sharing
Drag files to this area and share them via a link (including three
methods: email, social sharing and link.)
4
Email
Share a link via email. Specify the sender, recipient, subject and
message body of the email and click "Send" to send the email.
Make sure your email account is properly configured. Go to
"Control Panel" > "System Settings" > "Notifications" > "SMTP
Server" for email configuration.
5
Social
Share a link with selected files on social networking sites.
Sharing
Specify the subject and message body and click the social
networking site icon to share.
6
Link
Share a link by directly pasting it into an email or instant
message. Under "Select Link Format", select the DDNS name,
LAN IP or WAN IP address (note that the myQNAPcloud.com
domain name is only available after it is registered in
myQNAPcloud. Please refer to the chapter on myQNAPcloud
Service for details) and HTML format (click to choose a URL link,
HTML code, vB Forum code or Alt Forum code) from the drop
down menu. Click "Create Link", specify the name of the album
displayed on the page seen as recipients open the link. Copy
and paste the URL link in the dialog window to your preferred
applications.
Note : Multiple photos can be batch modified for their date taken property at the
same time. To do so, please first select the photos, click the EXIF button on the
right panel and modify the Date taken field.
Using Photo Sta tion
257
C re a ting a nd m a na ging a lbum s
There are two approaches an album can be created:
1. Switch to the folder view, right click a folder and select "Create New Album" to turn
that folder into an album.
2. Drag and drop photos or videos in "Album" on the left panel.
Right click an album and choose to download, remove, rename, email the link of, publish
the link, share the link of that album, or modify the settings of that album (The email,
publish, and share options are only available if "Share with the public" is enabled in
"Album Settings".)
Creating and managing smart albums
To create a smart album, please click + next to "Smart Album", specify the name of the
album and specify the file type, content source and condition (today in history,
random, tag and all files). Right click a smart album and choose to download, remove,
rename, reset album settings, email the link of, publish the album or share the album
with a link (The email, publish, and share options are only available if "Share with the
public" is enabled in "Album Settings".)
Sharing albums
As you create an album, you can choose to share it with other NAS users (choose
whether all NAS users can edit the album, or only the album creator/administrator can
edit the album) or the public (show this album on the QTS login page and please note
that this option is only available for administrator,) or not to share at all (leave both
options unchecked), and set the valid period on the album creation page.
Note :
As an administrator of the Photo Station, you can also share a public album on
the NAS login screen (the photo wall style login screen can be set in "Control
Panel" > "General Settings" > "Login Screen".)
If an album is set to share with the public, users can click the photo wall on the
login page to check the album.
258
If an album is set to share with the public, you can right click that album and select
"Email" to email it, "Publish" to publish it on social networking sites, or "Sharing Links" to
generate and paste the album link on your blog, forum, or instant messenger programs.
You can still edit the album content later, and the updated slideshows will be presented
when viewers click the same link again.
On the other hand, you can also share photos from different albums as you do with the
album. To do so, please click the "Sharing" button on the right panel, drag photos from
different albums and drop photos under "Select Photos" on the right panel and use the
"Email", "Social Sharing", or "Link" button to share those photos. Note that the
difference between sharing an album and photos from different albums is that for an
album, it is the entire album that you specifically created under "Album" on the left
panel. For photos from different albums, they are photos you choose and pick from
different albums.
To share photos with your friends on Facebook, please bind your Facebook account
with the Photo Station in "Settings." After the account is bound successfully, your
Facebook friends can log into the Photo Station (http://NAS_Name or IP/photo/) with
their account to browse photos from shared albums. To check the sharing history of a
selected album, please first click that album and then the sharing history button on the
main menu.
Photo and Video Operations
Right click a photo or video, a drop down menu will show up, and users can choose to
perform a desired action from the list.
Operation
Description
Viewing mode (eye
Switch to viewing mode.
icon)
Rotation
Rotate the photo 90 degrees clockwise or counterclockwise (for photos only.)
View
Switch to viewing mode.
Open with VLC
Play the video in a browser window (Please install the
VLC plug-in first; for videos only).
259
Sharing Link
Generate a sharing link (as URL, HTML, or script for vB
Forum, or Alt Forum) for public albums only (albums that
are set as public in "Album Settings".
Download
Download the photo and video.
Copy to Album
Copy the photo and video to an album.
Set as Cover
Set to display all photos contained in the album on the
photo wall.
Add to Transcode
Convert the video to the following resolutions: 240P,
360P, 480P SD, 720P HD and 1080P Full HD (for videos
only.)
Add to Sharing List
Add the selected photos or videos to the sharing list.
Edit (Pixlr Editor)
Edit the photo online (for photos only.)
Delete
Delete photos or videos.
Set Coordinates
Set GPS information of a photo (for photos only.)
Add Tag
Add a tag to photos or videos.
Rating
Rate photos or videos.
Color Label
Color-label photos or videos.
Finding your photos and videos quickly
To quickly locate your photos and videos, please be sure to first rate or classify your
photos and videos. To do so, please right click the photos or videos and then tag, rate
or color label them. To batch mark or classify multiple photos or videos, first click the
"Multi-select" button on the main menu or hold the Ctrl key on the keyboard, select
your desired photos or videos and right click the photos or videos to perform desired
actions. After photos or videos are tagged, rated, or color labeled, they can be
searched by their rating, color label or tag in the search bar.
Viewing photos and videos
Double click a photo to switch to viewing mode and use the buttons on the menu bar
for viewing operations.
260
N
Name
Description
Set as Cover
Set to display all photos contained in the album on
o
1
the photo wall.
2
Slideshow
Play the photos/videos in this album as a slideshow
3
Rotate
Rotate the photo counter-clockwise/clockwise by
90 degrees (for photos only.)
4
Previous Item
Play the last photo or video.
5
Next Item
Play the next photo or video.
6
Download
Download the photo or video.
7
Delete
Delete the photo or video. Please note that the
photos or videos deleted in the viewing mode will
first be marked with an "X" on that photo or video
and only deleted as you exit the viewing mode. To
unmark a photo or video, first select the marked
photo or video and click the trash can button again.
8
Hide/Show Preview Bar
Hide/show the preview bar.
9
Full Screen
View the photo or play the video in the full screen
mode.
Playing photos and videos as slideshow
A slideshow is a collection of photos that are played in a sequential fashion at an
interval for your photo enjoyment. To play an album as slideshow, select an album and
click "Slideshow" on the Menu Bar to switch to viewing mode.
Use the buttons on the menu bar for slideshow or album operations.
261
N
Name
Description
Music
Switch between different playlists defined in the Music
o
1
Station (from the "Playlist", personal playlist and shared
playlist on the left panel.) Please refer to the chapter
on Music Station for details.
2
Effect
Set a different slide transition effect.
3
Speed
Set the slide speed.
4
Play / Pause
Play / Pause the slideshow.
5
Last Slide
Go to the last slide.
6
Next Slide
Go to the next slide.
7
Background Music
Turn the background music on or off.
8
Title
Show the photo title.
9
Full Screen
Switch between the full screen mode and window
mode.
Geotagging photos and photo map
To geotag a photo, first select a photo, click "Large Map" under the EXIF tab. Enter the
name of the location in the search bar on top and hit the Enter key in your keyboard.
Right click the map and click "Set Coordinates". To view photos on a photo map, please
first click an album and the "photo map" button on the main menu. This feature is only
available for photos with GPS coordinates; for photos with no GPS coordinates, please
follow the steps above to set their GPS coordinates.
Me dia Libra ry a nd Priv a c y Se ttings
262
Photo and video files in the Photo Station are listed and displayed according to shared
folder privileges and media folders settings in the Media Library 183 . For shared folder
privileges, only users with an appropriate permission to a shared folder can view its
contents in the Photo Station. For example, if a user does not have read/write, or
read-only permissions to a certain shared folder, that user cannot see the photos and
videos in the shared folder.
Note :
For x86 based NAS models, all shared folders except the "/recording" and "/web"
shared folders are media folders by default; while for ARM based NAS models,
only "/multimedia" and "/homes" are media folders by default. However, users can
always add media folders manually.
Besides shared folder privileges, you can also import your private photos and
videos to your "/home" shared folder to hide them from other NAS users (except
the NAS administrator; and your "/home" folder can be found under "Private
Collection", and anyone attempting to access this folder in the Photo Station will
be prompted for password.)
To create a shared folder, please go to "Control Panel" > "Privilege Settings" >
"Shared Folders".
Photos and videos stored in the media shared folders are only visible after they are
detected and scanned by the Media Library. To set the Media Library to scan for
photos and videos manually or by schedule, please go to "Control Panel" > "Multimedia
Management" > "Media Library". For details on media folder settings, please refer to the
chapter on Multimedia Management.
Note : As the media folders in the Media Library are shared by the Photo Station,
Music Station, Video Station and DLNA Media Server as the source of their
contents, the contents will be affected in those applications if new media folders
are added or existing media folders are removed from the Media Library.
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8.6 Music Station
The Music Station (4.0) helps you create a personal music center on the cloud. This
web-based application is designed for users to play music files on the NAS or a media
server, listen to thousands of Internet radio stations using a web browser and share
your music collections with your friends and families. Your music collection stored on
the Turbo NAS is automatically organized into categories for easy access.
Sta rting Music Sta tion
Depending on your NAS model, the Music Station should be enabled by default and can
be launched from the Desktop or the Main Menu. If not, please go to the App Center
and make sure that the Music Station has been installed and enabled first (QTS 4.1 or
later versions only) and follow the steps below to prepare for the Music Station:
1. Upload music files to a shared folder on the NAS. There are three approaches you
can upload music files to the NAS: 1) Install Qfinder on your PC or Mac, set up a
network drive and upload files to your preferred shared folders. For details on
setting up a network drive, please check the chapter on Connecting to NAS Shared
Folders
26
; 2) Click "Songs" or "Private Collection" on the left panel and click (up
arrow icon) or Click (up arrow icon) to import music files from the local PC. A new
shared folder named with the date that files are uploaded will be created on the
Turbo NAS to store your uploaded files (for "Songs", this newly created shared
folder is located under the "Multimedia" folder; for "Private Collection", this shared
folder is located under the "/home" folder.) The newly uploaded music files can be
found under "Recently Added" on the left panel; 3) Switch to the folder view
browsing mode and drag and drop music files to a preferred folder. Note that with
264
the first and third approach, you can choose which folder on the NAS that you
would like to upload music files into.
Note :
The admin login credential of the Music Station is the same as that of the NAS
administrator.
Users are recommended to upload or copy music files to the media folders and
scan them using the Multimedia Management if this is the first time the Music
Station is launched. For details on media folders, please refer to the chapter on
Multimedia Management
183 .
2. Launch the Music Station from the Main Menu or the Music Station shortcut on the
Desktop or log directly into the Music Station (type http://NAS_Name_or_IP/
musicstation/ into a web browser.)
F a m ilia rizing y ourse lf with Music Sta tion
Me nu B a r
N
Name
Description
1
Search Bar
Search songs by artist, album, title, or all songs.
2
Browsing
Switch between different browsing modes (from left to
Mode
right: thumbnail browsing mode/detail browsing mode/
o
album list browsing mode/cover flow browsing mode/folder
browsing mode) to browse music files.
3
Multi-Select
Select multiple items at the same time.
4
Resizing Bar
Drag to adjust the size of the thumbnails.
5
Settings
Set user privileges on file access, NAS audio output,
Internet radio, or editing song information.
6
Music Alarm
Set the music alarms.
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Player
N
Name
Description
1
Previous Item
Play the previous item.
2
Play / Pause
Play / Pause.
3
Next Item
Play the next item.
4
Shuffle
Shuffle on/off.
5
Seek Bar
Control the playback progress.
6
Repeat
No repeat, repeat once, or repeat all.
7
Streaming
Stream the music files to the computer or the device and
Mode
play them using a web browser.
Volume
Adjust the volume.
o
8
Left Panel
Songs, Artist, Album, and Genre: All authorized music files are listed here for users
by the following categories: all songs, artist, album, genre and folder. Click the
upload button next to Songs to upload songs from your PC. All imported contents
are saved in the "/Multimedia" shared folder named with date.
Now Playing: Songs in the "Now Playing" list can be reordered by drag-and-drop, or
removing songs from the list.
Private Collection: Personal music files in the "/home" folder are listed here. The
music files belong only to the user that is currently logged in.
Qsync: List music files synchronized from the Qsync service.
Playlist: Playlists can be created, managed, and deleted here. Up to 200 playlists
can be created, and up to 600 items can be included in each playlist. To create a
playlist, click "+" next to "Playlist". To add items to a playlist, simply drag and drop
music files to the list. Right click a playlist to rename or delete it, or add it to "Now
Playing".
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My Favorites: All songs rated at least 1 star are listed here. All un-starred songs will
be removed from here. To rate a song, switch to the detail, album list, or cover flow
browsing mode and click the star(s) under "Rating".
Recently Added: Songs recently added to the Media Library are listed here.
Frequently Played: Songs most frequently played are listed here.
My Favorite Radio: User’s favorite Internet radio stations can be added by entering
the radio URL or by searching TuneIn Radio. A maximum of 1024 items are
supported. Please note that the type of files the radio station URL points to must
be MP3.
TuneIn: Users can browse and play Internet radio stations streamed by TuneIn.
Trash Can: All deleted music files can be found in here and permanently deleted or
restored. Trash Can is always enabled.
Note :
Characters not allowed for "Playlist" include: / | \ : ? < > * " ' and $.
Entries under "Recently Added" are listed based on the time they are scanned by
the Media Library.
The Music Station only supports the following file formats: MP3, OGG, WAV,
AIFF, AU, FLAC, M4A and APE.
Right Panel
N
Name
Descriptions
o
1
Lyrics
Add lyrics to a song and browse them here.
2
Information
Edit and browse music details here.
3
Sharing
Drag music files to the area under "Songs" to share them via a
link (including three methods: email, social sharing and link.)
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4
Email
Share the link via email. Specify the subject and message body
of the message and click "Send" to send the email. Make sure
your email account is properly configured. Go to "Control Panel"
> "System Settings" > "Notification" > "SMTP Server" for email
configuration.
5
Social
Sharing
Share a link with selected songs on social networking sites.
Specify the subject and message body and click the social
networking site to share.
6
Link
Share a link by directly pasting it into an email or instant
message. Under the "Link Code", select the domain name, LAN
IP or WAN IP address for the link (Note that the myQNPcloud.
com domain name is only available after it is registered in
myQNAPcloud. Please refer to the chapter on myQNAPcloud
Service for details) from the drop down menu. Click "Save", and
copy and paste the URL link in the dialog window to your
preferred applications.
Using Music Sta tion
Im port m usic file s
Please refer to the section on Starting Music Station.
Creating and managing playlists
To create a playlist, please drag and drop music files in "Playlist" on the left panel, give
that playlist a name and click "OK". Right click a playlist and choose to add it to "Now
Playing" on the left panel, email the link of it, publish it, share it with a link, delete it,
rename it, or modify the settings of that playlist (the email, publish, and share options
are only available if "Share with the public" is enabled in "Playlist Settings".)
Sharing playlists
As you create a playlist, you can choose to share it with other NAS users (choose
whether all NAS users can edit the playlist, or only the album creator/administrator can
edit the playlist,) the public, or not to share at all (leave both options unchecked), and
set the valid period on the playlist creation page. If a playlist is set to share with the
public, you can right click it and select "Email" to email it, "Publish" to publish it on
social networking sites, or "Link Code" to generate and paste the playlist link on your
268
blog, forum, or instant messenger programs. You can still edit the playlist later, and the
updated playlist will be presented when viewers click the same link again.
On the other hand, you can also share a list of songs as you do with the playlist. To do
so, please click the "Sharing" button on the right panel, drag and drop songs under
"Songs" on the right panel from the middle and use the "Email", "Social Sharing", or
"Link" button to share this list of songs. Note that the difference between sharing a
playlist and a list of songs is that for a playlist, it is the entire playlist that you created
under "Playlist" on the left panel. For a list of songs, it is a list of songs you choose and
pick from different albums.
Finding your music files quickly
To quickly locate your music files, please be sure to first rate or classify them:
To rate a music file, please first find it in the detail browsing mode/album list
browsing mode/cover flow browsing mode and rate it.
To classify a music file, please click the music file and "Info" on the right panel to
modify its data.
To batch rate or modify music files, first click the multi-select button on the Main
Menu or hold the Ctrl key on the keyboard, select your desired music files and rate
and modify all at once.
After music files are rated or classified, they can be searched by their artist, album, or
title in the search bar or quickly listed in "My Favorites" on the left panel.
Me dia Libra ry a nd Priv a c y Se ttings
Music files in the Music Station are listed and displayed according to shared folder
privileges (media folders) and settings in the Media Library. For shared folder privileges,
only users with an appropriate permission to a shared folder can view its contents in
the Music Station. For example, if a user does not have read/write, or read-only
permissions to a certain shared folder, that user cannot see the music files in the
shared folder.
Note :
Besides shared folder privileges, you can also import your private music files to
your "/home" shared folder to hide them from other NAS users (except the NAS
administrator; and your "/home" folder can be found under "Private Collection".)
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To create a shared folder, please go to "Control Panel" > "Privilege Settings" >
"Shared Folders".
Music files stored in the media shared folders are only visible after they are detected
and scanned by the Media Library. To set the Media Library to scan for music files
manually or by schedule, please go to "Control Panel" > "Multimedia Management" >
"Media Library". For details on media folder settings, please refer to the chapter on
Multimedia Management.
Note : As the media folders in the Media Library are shared by the Photo Station,
Music Station, Video Station and DLNA Media Server as the source of their
contents, the contents will be affected in those applications if new media folders
are added or existing media folders are removed from the Media Library.
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8.7 Download Station
The Download Station is a web-based download tool enabling you to download files
from the Internet through BT, PT, Magnet Link, HTTP/HTTPS, FTP/FTPS, and subscribe
to RSS feeds. With the BT Search function, you can easily find BT seeds to download
and make your NAS as 24/7 download center.
Im porta nt: The Downloa d Sta tion is prov ide d for downloa ding a uthorize d
file s only . Downloading or distribution of unauthorized materials is against the law
and may result in severe civil and criminal penalties. Users should be aware of the
fact that they are subject to copyright restrictions and responsible for the
consequences of their actions.
Note : For PT download, the supported client applications vary based on the PT
sites. If the Download Station (libtorrent) is not in the client application list
recommended by your PT sites, please search for an alternative one in the App
Center.
Sta rting Downloa d Sta tion
271
Depending on your NAS model, the Download Station should be enabled by default and
can be launched from the Desktop or the Main Menu. If not, please Go to the App
Center and make sure that the Download Station has been installed and enabled first
(QTS 4.1 or later versions only.) Launch the Download Station from the Main Menu or the
Download Station shortcut on the Desktop or log directly into the Download Station
(type http://NAS_Name_or_IP/cgi-bin/Qdownload/qdownloadindex.cgi into a web
browser.)
F a m ilia rizing y ourse lf with Downloa d Sta tion
Me nu B a r
N
Name
Description
Search
Enter a keyword in the search bar, click the magnifier button to
Bar
select the search engines and press enter to search for BT
o
1
seeds. Please note that the BT search feature is only available
after you agree to the terms and conditions in "Settings"
button on the main menu > "BT" > "BT Search".
2
Add
Add a BT seed by entering the URL or upload a torrent file from
the local PC.
3
Start
Start BT tasks.
4
Pause
Pause BT tasks
5
Remove
Remove BT tasks or remove BT tasks and their data
6
Action
Start all, pause all, or pause all download tasks for a specified
time period, remove all completed tasks, remove all completed
tasks and delete data.
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7
Download
After you select the BT seeds from the search result, click this
button to download them.
8
Filter
Enter a keyword in the box or click the drop down list to select
the categories and filter the searched BT seeds.
9
Sort
Sort tasks by dates that tasks are created or task types.
1
Settings
Configure BT or RSS settings (refer to the Download Station
0
Settings section below for details.)
Left Panel
Tasks: List all BT tasks based on their download status (All, Downloading, Paused,
Completed, Active and Inactive.) Right click a task to start, pause, set priority and
remove a BT task (and its data) and edit downloads.
BT Search: List all BT seeds searched using the BT Search Bar. Right click a
searched BT seed to download that seed (create a task), open the link URL, or
download the torrent file.
RSS: List, add, edit, delete or update RSS feeds.
Downloa d Sta tion Se ttings
Click "Settings" to configure the Download Station.
Global Settings
Download Schedule: Select continuous download or specify the download schedule.
When setting the download schedule, select "Full speed" to use the global speed
limit (unlimited) for all the download tasks. Select "Limited" to apply the speed limit
settings of the downloaded services.
Location of Downloaded Files: Specify the default directory on the NAS for the
downloaded files.
Notification: Select to send a notification by email when a download task has
completed. Note that the SMTP settings must be configured properly in "System
Settings" > "Notification".
HTTP
Connection: Specify the maximum number of concurrent HTTP downloads.
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Bandwidth Limit: Specify the maximum download rate of HTTP download tasks. 0
means no limit (for Intel-based NAS models, the maximum number of concurrent
HTTP and FTP downloads is 30, while that number is 10 for ARM-based (Non Intelbased) NAS.)
FTP
Connection: Specify the maximum number of concurrent FTP downloads.
Bandwidth Limit: Specify the maximum download rate of FTP download tasks. 0
means no limit (for Intel-based NAS models, the maximum number of concurrent
HTTP and FTP downloads is 30, while that number is 10 for ARM-based (Non Intelbased) NAS.)
BT
Connection Setting:
o Specify the ports for BT download. The default port numbers are 6881-6889.
o Enable UPnP port mapping: Enable automatic port mapping on the UPnP
supported gateway.
o Enable DHT network: To allow the NAS to download the files even no trackers of
the torrent can be connected, enable DHT (Distributed Hash Table) network and
specify the UDP port number for DHT.
o Protocol encryption: Enable this option for encrypted data transfer.
Bandwidth Limit: Specify the maximum download rate of BT download tasks. 0
means no limit.
o Global maximum concurrent downloads: Specify the maximum number of
concurrent BT downloads (for Intel-based NAS models, the maximum number of
concurrent downloads is 30, while that number is 10 for ARM-based (Non Intelbased) NAS.)
o Global maximum upload rate (KB/s): Enter the maximum upload rate for BT
download. 0 means no limit.
o Global maximum download rate (KB/s): Enter the maximum download rate for BT
download. 0 means no limit.
o Maximum upload rate per torrent (KB/s): Enter the maximum upload rate per
torrent. 0 means no limit.
o Global maximum number of connections: This refers to the maximum number of
allowed connections to the torrent.
o Maximum number of connected peers per torrent: This refers to the maximum
number of allowed peers to connect to a torrent.
274
Seeding Preferences: Specify the share ratio for seeding a torrent and the sharing
time. The share ratio is calculated by dividing the amount of uploaded data by the
amount of downloaded data.
Proxy: specify the proxy server for BT download. Select the proxy type and fill in
the host IP and port, login username and password for the proxy server. For details
on the setup of the proxy server, please refer to its user manual.
BT Search: Select the BT engines to enable for BT search on the Download Station.
File Hosting Account
You can save the login information of maximum 64 HTTP and FTP accounts. To add
login information, click "Add Account". Enter the host name or IP, username and
password. To allow the login information to appear for account selection when
configuring HTTP or FTP download, select "Enabled" next to the newly added account.
Click "Apply" to confirm or "Cancel" to cancel. To edit the settings of an account,
select an entry on the list and click "Edit Account". To delete an account, select an
entry on the list and click "Delete Account".
RSS
Update: Enable RSS download and specify the time interval to for the NAS to update
the RSS feeds and check if any new contents that match the filters are available.
Using Downloa d Sta tion
Adding downloa d ta sk(s)
There are three approaches you can add download tasks:
1. Drag and drop BT/PT files from the local PC to Download Station or click "+" button
to add BT/PT files or multiple URLs (HTTP/FTP/Magnet link).
2. You can search BT files through BT search function to add download tasks.
3. In "RSS" on the left panel, you can add RSS feeds. The Download Station will load
all feeds in RSS feeds for you to download.
Note :
The maximum number of concurrent downloads for an Intel-based NAS is 60 (30
BT/PT downloads, 30 HTTP+FTP downloads)
The maximum number of concurrent downloads for an ARM-based NAS is 20 (10
BT/PT downloads, 10 HTTP+FTP downloads)
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Drag and drop BT files from PC to the Download Station is supported on Chrome
and Firefox browsers.
Adding HTTP, FTP, Magnet download tasks
To add an HTTP, FTP, or Magnet download task, click "Start" on the Menu Bar. Enter
the URL of the download task (one entry per line). Then select the download type:
HTTP/FTP, or Magnet Link. If a username and password is required to access the file,
select "Use credentials" and select a pre-configured account (Settings > Account List)
or enter a username and password. Then click "OK". The NAS will download the files
automatically.
Note : You can only enter maximum 30 entries at one time.
Managing downloads in a BT seed
You can right click a task and select "Edit Downloads" to select only the files within a
BT seed that you would you like to download.
Limiting the download/upload speed
To limit the bandwidth usage of the Download Station, please configure the settings in
"Settings" > "HTTP", "FTP", or "BT" > "Bandwidth Limit".
Scheduling downloads
To set download schedules, please go to "Settings" > "Global" > "Download Schedule".
After enabling the download schedule, please select "Full speed", "Turn off", or "Limited"
and then click the time slots that you prefer.
Sending a notification after a download task is complete
Please go to "Settings" > "Global"> "Notification" and enable "Email".
Subscribing to and managing RSS feeds
You can subscribe to RSS feeds using the Download Station and download the torrent
files in the feeds:
1. Click "+" next to "RSS" on the left panel to add an RSS feed.
2. Enter the URL and the label.
3. To download a torrent file from an RSS feed, select the file and click the down
arrow button or right click the feed and select "Download".
276
4. The NAS will start to download the file automatically. You can view the download status
in the Downloading list.
To manage the RSS feeds subscription, right click an RSS feed label. You can open the
RSS Download Manager, add, update, edit, or delete an RSS feed.
Downloading torrent files using RSS Download Manager
You can use RSS Download Manager to create and manage filters to download
particular torrent files for BT Download.
To add a filter, first launch RSS Download Manager, select a label and click "Add".
Enter the filter name and specify the keyword to include and exclude.
Select the RSS feed to apply the filter settings.
You may also specify the quality of the video torrent files (leave it as "All" if you do
not need this function or the torrent file is not a video.)
Episode number: Select this option to specify particular episodes or a serial of
episodes of a drama work. For example, to download episodes 1-26 of season 1 of a
TV program, enter 1x1-26. To download only episode 1 of season 1, enter 1x1.
Select the time interval for automatic update of the RSS feeds. The NAS will update
the RSS feeds and check if any new contents that match the filters are available.
Click "Apply" to save the filter or "Cancel" to cancel or exit.
To delete a filter, select the filter from the list and click "Delete".
Shortening BT seeding time
Please go to "Settings" > "BT" > "Bandwidth Limit">"Seeding Preferences".
You can change the "Share Ratio "to a smaller percentage or modify "Share Time" to
shorten BT seeding time.
Tip on shorte ning B T se e ding tim e : Please go to "Settings" > "BT" > "Bandwidth
Limit">"Seeding Preferences". You can change the "Share Ratio "to a smaller
percentage or modify "Share Time" to shorten BT seeding time.
Tip on slow B T downloa d ra te s or downloa d e rrors: The common reasons for
slow BT download rate or download error are as below:
1. The torrent file has expired, the peers have stopped sharing this file, or there is
error in the file.
2. The NAS has configured to use fixed IP but DNS server is not configured, or DNS
server fails.
277
3. Set the maximum number of simultaneous downloads as 3-5 for the best
download rate.
4. The NAS is located behind NAT router. The port settings have led to slow BT
download rate or no response. You may try the following means to solve the
problem:
a. Open the BT port range on NAT router manually. Forward these ports to the
LAN IP of the NAS.
b. The new NAS firmware supports UPnP NAT port forwarding. If your NAT router
supports UPnP, enable this function on the NAT. Then enable UPnP NAT port
forwarding of the NAS. The BT download rate should be enhanced.
278
8.8 HD Station
The HD Station is a platform where the famous XBMC application or Chrome browser
can be installed to let you directly play back your NAS multimedia contents or browse
the internet websites on the TV screen thru the HDMI interface.
Note : Currently, the HD Station is supported by the TS-x69L, TS-x69 Pro, TS-x70
and TS-x70 Pro Turbo NAS models.
Se tting up H D Sta tion
Create your lovely media environment by following the steps below:
1. Se tting up the e nv ironm e nt of the H D Sta tion: C onne c t the NAS to the H DMI
TV with a H DMI c a ble
o Remote controller: There are 4 different ways to control the HD Station.
QNAP remote controller
MCE remote controller
USB keyboard or mouse
279
Qremote: QNAP remote app, exclusively designed for the HD Station.
Note : If you want to use the Chrome to browse an internet website, you are
required to use the mouse function on the Qremote or use the USB mouse directly
connected to the NAS.
2. Insta lling the H D Sta tion
o Go to "Applications" > "HD Station" and click the "Get Started Now" button. Then,
the system will install the HD Station automatically.
3. C hoosing the a pplic a tions to insta ll
o HD Station: The HD Station portal, which allows you to use the following
applications on the TV screen.
o XBMC: An application for you to operate and enjoy your multimedia data on the
TV screen.
o Chrome: With the help of Chrome, the QNAP Turbo NAS brings endless web
content to your HDTV. Just sit back, relax, and surf the Internet on your couch.
o YouTube: Simply browse and click to enjoy millions of YouTube videos on your
TV.
o My NAS: An application for you to enter the local NAS administration web page
to view the NAS functions and settings.
Note :
Keeping staying at XBMC, Chrome, or other applications could affect the hard
drive hibernation of the NAS. Please always exit the application and return to
the HD Station portal.
Press the power button on the remote control for 6 seconds anytime to exit an
application.
Press the one touch copy button on the NAS for 6 seconds to restart the HD
Station.
For the best HD Station experience, QNAP recommends upgrading the memory on
your TS-x69 Series Turbo NAS to 2GB or more.
To use the AirPlay function provided by XBMC, please upgrade the memory on
your TS-x69 Series Turbo NAS to 2GB or more.
The HD Station will restart when formatting an USB external device.
280
The first time XBMC is launched, it will index the "Multimedia" shared folder and it
may consume a lot of system resources if the folder contains a lot of multimedia
files.
After installation, please choose your preferred language on the TV screen. Then, you
will see the HD Station portal as shown below.
4. Enjoy ing the H D Sta tion: At the H D Sta tion porta l, sim ply c hoose the
a pplic a tion y ou wa nt to use to sta rt e njoy ing the se rv ic e .
Enjoy the comfort of your living room and play movies, photos, and music directly on
your TV by XBMC or other applications.
Ta king Pic ture s with Sm a rt Phone a nd Wa tc hing the m on TV
The first part is done by Qfile on your phone:
a. Use Qfile to browse your NAS.
b. Choose the multimedia shared folder.
c. Select the upload function.
d. Take a picture and upload it to the NAS.
The second part is performed by the HD Station on your TV:
e. Turn on your TV and choose XBMC.
f. Choose "Pictures".
g. Select the "Multimedia" folder.
281
h. Double click the picture you just uploaded.
V ie wing Photos on y our USB De v ic e or C a m e ra
Steps:
1. Connect your USB device or camera to the USB port of your NAS.
2. Choose "Pictures".
3. Choose "USBDisk".
4. Select the photo you want to view.
Im porting Me dia C onte nts to y our NAS
Use one of the several types of network protocols (Samba, AFP, FTP, and NFS) to save
the media content files in the "Multimedia" or "Qmultimedia" shared folder, or copy them
from an external USB or eSATA device.
To browse the media contents in different folders other than the default "Multimedia"
shared folder, perform the following steps:
1. Choose "Files" under "Videos".
2. Choose "Add Videos".
3. Click "Browse".
4. Choose "Root filesystem".
5. Choose "share".
6. If you want to add the "Download" shared folder, for example, choose "Download"
like below. Otherwise, just choose the shared folder you would like to add as a
video source.
7. Click "OK" to add this source.
8. You will see the "Download" shared folder in the list.
Note :
If you encounter any video playback quality issues with some video formats, you
may enable the following settings on the XBMC: Go to "Setting" > "Video" >
"Playback", and then enable "Adjust display refresh rate to match video" and
"Sync playback to display".
Depending on the data type, some files may not be playable.
Chrome
282
Select the Chrome application at the main page of the HD Station. You may surf the
web like using a web browser on your PC.
Note : In order to use this application, you are required to use the mouse function
on the Qremote, or use the USB mouse directly connected to the NAS.
YouTube
Enjoy the YouTube contents via the HD Station.
MyNAS
Enter the local NAS administration web page to view the NAS functions and settings.
C onfiguring H D Sta tion
Configure the HD Station by choosing "Settings" at the HD Station portal.
App: The applications can be enabled or disabled in this feature.
Display: Here you may change the screen resolution and set up to turn off the
screen after an amount of idle time.
Preferences: Here you may change the language or type of remote control and
audio output. The default setting is HDMI. If you have a USB sound card installed,
you can choose that option in the NAS Audio Output.
Note :
Only the QNAP remote or MCE remote control is supported. NOT all the TS-x69
models support the internal remote control and the TS-x70 models only support
the MCE remote control.
Currently, the HDMI Audio Passthrough is not supported for the TS-x69 series.
Re m ote C ontrol
283
284
RM-
Ac tion
MC E
X B MC
HD
IR001
Re m ote
F unc tion
Sta tion
Re m ote
C ontrol
C ontrol
Powe
Power
1
N/A
Power
1
r
Power
menu
Mute
2
OK
Mute
1
3
285
Mute
Numb
0,1,2,3,4
er
,5,6,7,8,
3
OK
0,1,2,3,4,
1
0,1,2,3,4,
5,6,7,8,9
8
5,6,7,8,9
Vol+, Vol-
1
Vol+, Vol-
9
Vol+,
4
OK
Vol-
2
List/Icon
5
N/A
Search
6
N/A
TV Out
8
N/A
Settings
7
N/A
Short
Red -
9
OK
cut
(Home)
View mode
Settings
Red -
3
Home
4
Video
(Home)
Green
1
(Video)
0
Yellow
1
(Music)
1
Blue
1
(Picture)
2
Video
Bookmar
1
Menu
k
3
Repeater
1
OK
Green
(Video)
OK
OK
menu
Yellow
2
Music
(Music)
2
menu
Blue
2
Photo
(Picture)
3
menu
N/A
Favorite
N/A
Repeater
N/A
Help
4
Guide
1
6
Record
1
N/A
5
CH-
CH+
1
Previou
7
s
1
Next
Previous
3
Skip back
2
Next
8
286
3
Skip
3
forward
Go to
2
N/A
Video
0
progress
bar
Info
1
OK
Info
9
Play
Home
Contr
2
1
File info
0
OK
Home
1
menu
ol
Resume
2
N/A
Now
2
Return
2
playing
OK
Back
N/A
More
7
Back
8
Options
2
Playback
9
OK
2
menu
OK
OK
7
OK
OK
OK
Up
7
Up
Up
OK
Down
7
Down
Down
OK
Right
7
Right
Right
OK
Left
7
Left
Left
OK
Move
1
Move
backward
6
backward
Move
3
Move
forward
1
forward
Play
1
Play
5
Up
2
3
Down
2
6
Right
2
7
Left
2
4
Video
Move
3
Play
backwar
0
d
Move
3
forward
1
Play
3
OK
OK
2
5
287
Slow
3
N/A
Slow
3
Pause
3
OK
Pause
4
Stop
3
Audio
Pause
0
OK
Stop
5
Video
3
3
Stop
3
3
Audio
Language
6
List
track
Top/
3
Video
Movie
Menu
7
List
menu
Subtitle
3
OK
Setti
ng
Subtitle
2
8
Zoom
3
Subtitle
track
N/A
Zoom
N/A
Movie
9
Pop up
4
0
Angle
4
menu
N/A
Angle
1
Input
OK
Clear (N/
1
A)
9
Enter
3
4
Switch
2
16:9 /
7
4:3
288
Clear
Confirm
8.9 Surveillance Station
The Surveillance Station enables users to configure and connect many IP cameras at
the same time and manage functions including live audio & video monitoring, recording,
and playback. Installation and configuration can be easily carried out remotely in a web
browser in a few steps. Various recording modes are provided: continuous recording,
motion-detection recording, and scheduled recording and users can flexibly define the
recording settings according their security plans. The Surveillance Station supports a
large number of IP camera brands. For supported cameras, please check http://www.
qnap.com/en/index.php?sn=4056.
Se tting up Surv e illa nc e Sy ste m
Follow the steps below to set up your surveillance system:
1. Planning Network Topology
2. Setting up IP Cameras
3. Configuring the Surveillance Station on the QNAP NAS
Pla nning Ne twork Topology
Plan your home/office network before setting up the surveillance system. Consider the
following when doing so:
The IP address of the NAS
The IP address of the cameras
The IP address of your router and the wireless SSID
The computer, the NAS, and the IP cameras should be connected to the same router
on the LAN. Assign static IP addresses for the NAS and the IP cameras. For example:
289
Router IP: 192.168.1.100
Camera 1 IP: 192.168.1.10 (fixed IP)
Camera 2 IP: 192.168.1.20 (fixed IP)
NAS IP: 192.168.1.60 (fixed IP)
Se tting up IP C a m e ra s
Follow the steps below to set up IP cameras:
1. Download an IP camera finder from the camera vendor's official website.
Connect the IP camera to the local area network with a network cable and run the
IP camera finder. Set the IP address of the cameras (192.168.1.100 in our example)
so that they are on the same LAN as the computer.
2. Enter the web configuration page of the IP camera. You will then be able to view
the monitoring image.
3. Configure the IP settings of the camera on the web configuration page.
4. Repeat the above steps to set up the second camera.
Note :
For details on relevant IP camera setup steps, please refer to the user manual of
the IP camera.
The default IP and administrator login ID/password may differ based on what
camera model is used.
C onfiguring the Surv e illa nc e Sta tion on the Q NAP NAS
1. Go to "Control Panel" > "System Settings" >"Network" > "TCP/IP" and press the
"Edit" button to specify a fixed IP to the NAS: 192.168.1.60. The default gateway
should be the same as the LAN IP of your router, which is 192.168.1.100 in our
example.
2. Go to "Control Panel" > "Applications" > "Station Manager" > "Surveillance Station",
check "Enable Surveillance Station" and click "Apply" button to save the settings.
Then, click on the link below the "Enable Surveillance Station" and go to its page.
3. In the Surveillance Station, please go to "Settings", select "Camera 1" then click "+"
to add the camera configuration, e.g. name, model, IP address, recording setting
and recording schedule.
Note : Before applying the settings, you may click "Test" on the right to ensure the
connection to the IP camera is successful.
290
Enable or change the recording option of the camera in the next page. Click "next" to
move to the next page. On this page, you will see the "Schedule Settings". In the
table, 0~23 represents the time period. For example, 0 means 00:00~01:00, 1 means
01:00~02:00. You can set a continuous recording in any period that you want.
Then you will see the "Confirm Settings" on the next page.
After you have added the network cameras to the NAS, go to the "Monitor" page. The
first time you access this page by browser, you have to install the ActiveX control
(QMon.cab) in order to view the images of Camera 1 and Camera 2.
Note :
You can use the Surveillance Station in Chrome, Firefox or IE. The browser will
prompt you to install the "ActiveX control" (QMon.cab) before using Monitor or
Playback functions. Please follow the on-screen instructions to complete the
installation.
The default IP and ID of administrator may differ based on what camera model is
used.
When you click on the monitoring screen of a camera, the frame will become orange.
You can use the floating buttons on the channel to control the camera. For example,
you can take a snapshot of the monitored image, enable or disable manual recording,
enable or disable the audio function of the camera, use the audio broadcast function,
or enter the camera's configuration page.
B a sic Sy ste m C onfigura tion a nd Pla y ba c k
C onfiguring Ala rm Re c ording on the Q NAP NAS
The Surveillance Station supports alarm recording by schedule. To use this function, go
to "Camera Settings" > "Alarm Settings" in the Surveillance Station. You could select
"Traditional Mode" to configure basic settings or "Advanced Mode" to define advanced
alarm events.
Traditional Mode: Define criteria enabling alarm recording then click "Apply" to save
the changes.
Advanced Mode: Select the event on the left side and add an action on the right
side by clicking "Add".
Then, choose the action type you need for this event.
The event "Motion Detection" has a corresponding action "Recording".
291
Pla y ing V ide o F ile s from the Surv e illa nc e Sta tion
Click the "Play" button or "Playback" to enter the playback page and follow the steps
below to play the video files on the remote Surveillance Station.
1. Drag and drop camera(s) from the server/camera tree on the left to the respective
playback window(s) to select the channel(s) for playback.
2. Select playback date. Examine each channel to know the time range when the files
were recorded for each IP camera. The blue cells indicate regular recording files
and the red cells indicate alarm recording files. If it is blank, it means no files are
recorded at that time.
3. Click the "Play" button to start the playback. You can control the speed and
playback direction by dragging the button to right or left on the shuttle bar.
4. Specify the time to play back the recording files at that moment. You can view the
preview image on the timeline bar to search the moment you want to play.
5. Click the "Play" button to control all the playback windows to play back the
recording files. When this function is enabled, the playback options (play, pause,
stop, previous/next frame, previous/next file, speed adjustment) will be applied to
all the playback windows.
292
8.10 App Center
The App Center is a digital platform for distribution of NAS apps. Users can search for,
install, remove and update apps developed by QNAP or third party apps through the
App Center to expand the services and add new features on the NAS.
Sta rting App C e nte r
The App Center can be launched from the App Center shortcut on the Main Menu or
the NAS Desktop.
F a m ilia rizing y ourse lf with App C e nte r
Me nu B a r
N
Name
Description
1
Search Bar
Search apps that are available to install on the NAS.
2
Update All
Update all apps that are currently installed on the NAS
3
Refresh
Refresh the current page
4
Install
Browse to upload and install a QPKG add-on manually.
o
293
Manually
5
Sort
Sort apps by category, name or release date.
Left Panel
Public Apps: List apps that are set to be accessible by the public. To set an app as
a public app, please go to "My Apps", check "Show on login screen" at bottom of
the app icon box and that app will show up in the login screen. Please note that to
show public apps on the login page, please first enable the photo wall style login
page. For details on login screen setup, please refer to here
47
.
My Apps: List apps that are currently installed on the NAS.
Update: List available updates of the apps currently installed on the NAS.
My Licenses: List licenses for all apps to be installed on the NAS and you can also
add and activate your licenses.
All Apps: List all apps that can be installed on the NAS.
QNAP Essentials: List apps developed by QNAP.
Recommended: List apps recommended by QNAP (they could be either developed by
QNAP or third party developers.)
Beta Lab: List beta apps for your first-hand experiences.
Partners: List apps developed by QNAP partners.
Apps by types: From "Backup/Sync" to "Education", those are app categories listed
to facilitate your app searches.
Using App C e nte r
Se a rc hing a pps
To search for an app, enter the keyword in the search bar.
Installing, updating and removing apps
To install an app, click the "Add to QTS+" button and the installation process will begin.
After the installation process is complete, the "Add to QTS+" button will turn to the
"Open" button and you can directly click this button to launch this newly installed app.
This newly installed app will then show up in "My Apps".
Note :
Make sure the NAS is connected to the Internet.
QNAP is not responsible for troubleshooting any issues caused by the open
294
source software/add-ons. Users are recommended to participate in the
discussion in the QNAP community forum or contact the original creators of the
open source software for the solutions.
When installing an add-on which requires a prerequisite app, the prerequisite
add-on will be added to the installation queue automatically prior to the
dependent add-on.
If the app update process is canceled before it is finished, please install the app
from the App Center again.
To update an app, click "Update" and click "OK" to confirm. Alternatively, you may click
"Update All" on the menu bar to install all updates and "Refresh" to check for the latest
updates. The button will turn to "Open" to signify that the update is complete for an
app. To remove an app, first click an installed app to open its introduction page. Click
"Remove" on the page to uninstall it from the NAS and click "OK" to confirm.
Note :
Click the on/off button in an app icon to enable or disable an app.
For more apps, please visit the QNAP official site (http://www.qnap.com/go/
qpkg.html).
Offline Installation
To install apps when the NAS is offline or beta apps that are not officially available on
the QNAP App server, users can download the app application (*.qpkg) from the QNAP
website (http://www.qnap.com/go/qpkg.html) or forum (http://forum.qnap.com/),
unzip the files, and click "Install Manually" on the menu bar to install the apps manually.
295
9. Use the LCD Panel
This feature is only provided by the NAS models with LCD panels. Please visit http://
www.qnap.com for details.
You can use the LCD panel to perform disk configuration and view the system
information.
When the NAS has started up, you will be able to view the NAS name and IP address:
N
A
S
5
F
4
D
E
3
1
6
9
.
2
5
4
.
1
0
0
.
1
0
0
For the first time installation, the LCD panel shows the number of hard drives detected
and the IP address. You may select to configure the hard drives.
Num be r of
De fa ult disk
ha rd driv e s
c onfigura tio
de te c te d
n
1
Single
Single
2
RAID 1
Single -> JBOD ->RAID 0 -> RAID 1
3
RAID 5
Single -> JBOD -> RAID 0 -> RAID 5
4 or above
RAID 5
Single ->JBOD -> RAID 0 -> RAID 5 -> RAID 6
Av a ila ble disk c onfigura tion options*
*Press the "Select" button to choose the option, and press the "Enter" button to
confirm.
For example, when you turn on the NAS with 5 hard drives installed, the LCD panel
shows:
C
o
n
f
i
g
R
A
I
D
5
.
D
i
s
k
s
?
You can press the "Select" button to browse more options, for example, RAID 6.
Press the "Enter" button and the following message shows. Press the "Select" button to
296
select "Yes" to confirm.
C
h
o
o
Y
e
s
s
e
R
N
A
I
D
5
?
o
When you execute RAID 1, RAID 5, or RAID 6 configuration, the system will initialize the
hard drives, create the RAID device, format the RAID device, and mount it as a volume
on the NAS. The progress will be shown on the LCD panel. When it reaches 100%, you
can connect to the RAID volume, for example, create folders and upload files to the
folders on the NAS. In the meantime, to make sure the stripes and blocks in all the RAID
component devices are ready, the NAS will execute RAID synchronization and the
progress will be shown on "Storage Manager" > "Volume Management" page. The
synchronization rate is around 30-60 MB/s (varies depending on the hard drive models,
system resource usage, etc.)
Note : If a member drive of the RAID configuration was lost during the
synchronization, the RAID device will enter degraded mode. The volume data is still
accessible. If you add a member drive to the device, it will start to rebuild. You can
check the status on the "Volume Management" page.
To encrypt the disk volume*, select "Yes" when the LCD panel shows <Encrypt Volume?
>. The default encryption password is "admin". To change the password, login the NAS
with an administrator account and change the settings in "Storage Manager" >
"Encrypted File System".
E
n
c
r
Y
e
s
y
p
t
N
V
o
l
u
m
e
?
o
When the configuration is finished, the NAS name and IP address will be shown. If the
NAS fails to create the disk volume, the following message will be shown.
C
r
e
a
t
R
A
I
D
5
i
n
g
.
.
.
F
a
i
l
e
d
*This feature is not supported by TS-110, TS-119, TS-210, TS-219, TS-219P, TS-410,
TS-419P, TS-410U, TS-419U, TS-119P+, TS-219P+, TS-419P+, TS-112, TS-212, TS412, TS-419U+, TS-412U.
The data encryption functions may not be available in accordance to the legislative
297
restrictions of some countries.
V ie wing Sy ste m Inform a tion on LC D Pa ne l
When the LCD panel shows the NAS name and IP address, you may press the "Enter"
button to enter the Main Menu. The Main Menu consists of the following items:
1. TCP/IP
2. Physical disk
3. Volume
4. System
5. Shut down
6. Reboot
7. Password
8. Back
TC P/IP
In TCP/IP, you can view the following options:
1. LAN IP Address
2. LAN Subnet Mask
3. LAN Gateway
4. LAN PRI. DNS
5. LAN SEC. DNS
6. Enter Network Settings
o Network Settings – DHCP
o Network Settings – Static IP*
o Network Settings – BACK
7. Back to Main Menu
* In Ne twork Se ttings – Sta tic IP, y ou c a n c onfigure the IP a ddre ss, subne t m a sk,
ga te wa y , a nd DNS of LAN 1 a nd LAN 2.
Phy sic a l disk
In Physical disk, you can view the following options:
1. Disk Info
2. Back to Main Menu
The disk info shows the temperature and the capacity of the hard drives.
D
i
s
k
:
1
T
e
m
p
298
:
5
0
°
C
S
i
z
e
:
2
3
2
G
B
V olum e
This section shows the hard drive configuration of the NAS. The first line shows the RAID
configuration and storage capacity; the second line shows the member drive number of
the configuration.
R
A
I
D
5
D
r
i
v
e
7
1
2
3
5
0
G
B
4
If there is more than one volume, press the "Select" button to view the information. The
following table shows the description of the LCD messages for RAID 5 configuration.
LC D Displa y
Driv e c onfigura tion
RAID5+S
RAID5+spare
RAID5 (D)
RAID 5 degraded mode
RAID 5 (B)
RAID 5 rebuilding
RAID 5 (S)
RAID 5 re-synchronizing
RAID 5 (U)
RAID 5 is unmounted
RAID 5 (X)
RAID 5 non-activated
Sy ste m
This section shows the system temperature and the rotation speed of the system fan.
C
P
U
T
e
m
p
:
5
0
°
C
S
y
s
T
e
m
p
:
5
5
°
C
S
y
s
F
a
n
:
8
6
5
R
P
M
Shut down
Use this option to turn off the NAS. Press the "Select" button to select "Yes". Then press
the "Enter" button to confirm.
Re boot
Use this option to restart the NAS. Press the "Select" button to select "Yes". Then press
299
the "Enter" button to confirm.
Pa ssword
The default password of the LCD panel is blank. Enter this option to change the
password of the LCD panel. Select "Yes" to continue.
C
h
a
n
g
e
P
Y
e
a
s
s
s
w
N
o
o
r
d
You may enter a password of maximum 8 numeric characters (0-9). When the cursor
moves to "OK", press the "Enter" button. Verify the password to confirm the changes.
N
e
w
P
a
s
s
w
o
r
d
:
O
K
Back
Select this option to return to the main menu.
Sy ste m Me ssa ge s
When the NAS encounters system error, an error message will be shown on the LCD
panel. Press the "Enter" button to view the message. Press the "Enter" button again to
view the next message.
S
y
s
t
P
l
s
.
e
m
C
h
E
r
r
e
c
k
o
r
!
L
o
g
s
Sy ste m Me ssa ge
De sc ription
Sys. Fan Failed
The system fan fails.
Sys. Overheat
The system overheats.
HDD Overheat
A hard drive overheats.
CPU Overheat
The CPU overheats.
Network Lost
Both LAN 1 and LAN 2 are disconnected in failover or load
balancing mode.
LAN1 Lost
LAN 1 is disconnected.
LAN2 Lost
LAN 2 is disconnected.
300
HDD Failure
A hard drive fails.
Vol1 Full
The disk volume (1) is full.
HDD Ejected
A hard drive is ejected.
Vol1 Degraded
The disk volume (1) is in degraded mode.
Vol1 Unmounted
The disk volume (1) is unmounted.
Vol1 Nonactivate
The disk volume (1) is inactive.
301
10. GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
Version 3, 29 June 2007
Copyright © 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc. <http://fsf.org/>
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document,
but changing it is not allowed.
Pre a m ble
The GNU General Public License is a free, copyleft license for software and other kinds
of works.
The licenses for most software and other practical works are designed to take away
your freedom to share and change the works. By contrast, the GNU General Public
License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change all versions of a
program--to make sure it remains free software for all its users. We, the Free Software
Foundation, use the GNU General Public License for most of our software; it applies also
to any other work released this way by its authors. You can apply it to your programs,
too.
When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. Our General
Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you have the freedom to distribute
copies of free software (and charge for them if you wish), that you receive source
code or can get it if you want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of it
in new free programs, and that you know you can do these things.
To protect your rights, we need to prevent others from denying you these rights or
asking you to surrender the rights. Therefore, you have certain responsibilities if you
distribute copies of the software, or if you modify it: responsibilities to respect the
freedom of others.
For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether gratis or for a fee, you
must pass on to the recipients the same freedoms that you received. You must make
sure that they, too, receive or can get the source code. And you must show them
these terms so they know their rights.
302
Developers that use the GNU GPL protect your rights with two steps: (1) assert
copyright on the software, and (2) offer you this License giving you legal permission to
copy, distribute and/or modify it.
For the developers' and authors' protection, the GPL clearly explains that there is no
warranty for this free software. For both users' and authors' sake, the GPL requires
that modified versions be marked as changed, so that their problems will not be
attributed erroneously to authors of previous versions.
Some devices are designed to deny users access to install or run modified versions of
the software inside them, although the manufacturer can do so. This is fundamentally
incompatible with the aim of protecting users' freedom to change the software. The
systematic pattern of such abuse occurs in the area of products for individuals to use,
which is precisely where it is most unacceptable. Therefore, we have designed this
version of the GPL to prohibit the practice for those products. If such problems arise
substantially in other domains, we stand ready to extend this provision to those
domains in future versions of the GPL, as needed to protect the freedom of users.
Finally, every program is threatened constantly by software patents. States should not
allow patents to restrict development and use of software on general-purpose
computers, but in those that do, we wish to avoid the special danger that patents
applied to a free program could make it effectively proprietary. To prevent this, the GPL
assures that patents cannot be used to render the program non-free.
The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow.
TERMS AND C O NDITIO NS
0. Definitions.
'This License' refers to version 3 of the GNU General Public License.
'Copyright' also means copyright-like laws that apply to other kinds of works, such as
semiconductor masks.
'The Program' refers to any copyrightable work licensed under this License. Each
licensee is addressed as 'you'. 'Licensees' and 'recipients' may be individuals or
organizations.
303
To 'modify' a work means to copy from or adapt all or part of the work in a fashion
requiring copyright permission, other than the making of an exact copy. The resulting
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A 'covered work' means either the unmodified Program or a work based on the Program.
To 'propagate' a work means to do anything with it that, without permission, would
make you directly or secondarily liable for infringement under applicable copyright law,
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To 'convey' a work means any kind of propagation that enables other parties to make
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An interactive user interface displays 'Appropriate Legal Notices' to the extent that it
includes a convenient and prominently visible feature that (1) displays an appropriate
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to the extent that warranties are provided), that licensees may convey the work under
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user commands or options, such as a menu, a prominent item in the list meets this
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1. Source Code.
The 'source code' for a work means the preferred form of the work for making
modifications to it. 'Object code' means any non-source form of a work.
'Standard Interface' means an interface that either is an official standard defined by a
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The 'System Libraries' of an executable work include anything, other than the work as a
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a) is included in the normal form of packaging a Major Component, but which is not
part of that Major Component, and
304
b) serves only to enable use of the work with that Major Component, or to
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The Corresponding Source need not include anything that users can regenerate
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The Corresponding Source for a work in source code form is that same work.
2. Basic Permissions.
All rights granted under this License are granted for the term of copyright on the
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You may make, run and propagate covered works that you do not convey, without
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with the terms of this License in conveying all material for which you do not control
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them from making any copies of your copyrighted material outside their relationship with
you.
Conveying under any other circumstances is permitted solely under the conditions
stated below. Sublicensing is not allowed; section 10 makes it unnecessary.
3. Protecting Users' Legal Rights From Anti-Circumvention Law.
No covered work shall be deemed part of an effective technological measure under any
applicable law fulfilling obligations under article 11 of the WIPO copyright treaty
adopted on 20 December 1996, or similar laws prohibiting or restricting circumvention of
such measures.
When you convey a covered work, you waive any legal power to forbid circumvention
of technological measures to the extent such circumvention is effected by exercising
rights under this License with respect to the covered work, and you disclaim any
intention to limit operation or modification of the work as a means of enforcing, against
the work's users, your or third parties' legal rights to forbid circumvention of
technological measures.
4. Conveying Verbatim Copies.
You may convey verbatim copies of the Program's source code as you receive it, in any
medium, provided that you conspicuously and appropriately publish on each copy an
appropriate copyright notice; keep intact all notices stating that this License and any
non-permissive terms added in accord with section 7 apply to the code; keep intact all
notices of the absence of any warranty; and give all recipients a copy of this License
along with the Program.
You may charge any price or no price for each copy that you convey, and you may
offer support or warranty protection for a fee.
5. Conveying Modified Source Versions.
You may convey a work based on the Program, or the modifications to produce it from
the Program, in the form of source code under the terms of section 4, provided that
you also meet all of these conditions:
a) The work must carry prominent notices stating that you modified it, and giving a
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b) The work must carry prominent notices stating that it is released under this
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requirement in section 4 to 'keep intact all notices'.
c) You must license the entire work, as a whole, under this License to anyone who
comes into possession of a copy. This License will therefore apply, along with
any applicable section 7 additional terms, to the whole of the work, and all its
parts, regardless of how they are packaged. This License gives no permission to
license the work in any other way, but it does not invalidate such permission if
you have separately received it.
d) If the work has interactive user interfaces, each must display Appropriate Legal
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A compilation of a covered work with other separate and independent works, which are
not by their nature extensions of the covered work, and which are not combined with it
such as to form a larger program, in or on a volume of a storage or distribution medium,
is called an 'aggregate' if the compilation and its resulting copyright are not used to
limit the access or legal rights of the compilation's users beyond what the individual
works permit. Inclusion of a covered work in an aggregate does not cause this License
to apply to the other parts of the aggregate.
6. Conveying Non-Source Forms.
You may convey a covered work in object code form under the terms of sections 4 and
5, provided that you also convey the machine-readable Corresponding Source under
the terms of this License, in one of these ways:
a) Convey the object code in, or embodied in, a physical product (including a
physical distribution medium), accompanied by the Corresponding Source fixed on
a durable physical medium customarily used for software interchange.
b) Convey the object code in, or embodied in, a physical product (including a
physical distribution medium), accompanied by a written offer, valid for at least
three years and valid for as long as you offer spare parts or customer support for
that product model, to give anyone who possesses the object code either (1) a
copy of the Corresponding Source for all the software in the product that is
covered by this License, on a durable physical medium customarily used for
software interchange, for a price no more than your reasonable cost of physically
performing this conveying of source, or (2) access to copy the Corresponding
Source from a network server at no charge.
c) Convey individual copies of the object code with a copy of the written offer to
provide the Corresponding Source. This alternative is allowed only occasionally
and noncommercially, and only if you received the object code with such an
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offer, in accord with subsection 6b.
d) Convey the object code by offering access from a designated place (gratis or for
a charge), and offer equivalent access to the Corresponding Source in the same
way through the same place at no further charge. You need not require
recipients to copy the Corresponding Source along with the object code. If the
place to copy the object code is a network server, the Corresponding Source
may be on a different server (operated by you or a third party) that supports
equivalent copying facilities, provided you maintain clear directions next to the
object code saying where to find the Corresponding Source. Regardless of what
server hosts the Corresponding Source, you remain obligated to ensure that it is
available for as long as needed to satisfy these requirements.
e) Convey the object code using peer-to-peer transmission, provided you inform
other peers where the object code and Corresponding Source of the work are
being offered to the general public at no charge under subsection 6d.
A separable portion of the object code, whose source code is excluded from the
Corresponding Source as a System Library, need not be included in conveying the
object code work.
A 'User Product' is either (1) a 'consumer product', which means any tangible personal
property which is normally used for personal, family, or household purposes, or (2)
anything designed or sold for incorporation into a dwelling. In determining whether a
product is a consumer product, doubtful cases shall be resolved in favor of coverage.
For a particular product received by a particular user, 'normally used' refers to a typical
or common use of that class of product, regardless of the status of the particular user
or of the way in which the particular user actually uses, or expects or is expected to
use, the product. A product is a consumer product regardless of whether the product
has substantial commercial, industrial or non-consumer uses, unless such uses
represent the only significant mode of use of the product.
'Installation Information' for a User Product means any methods, procedures,
authorization keys, or other information required to install and execute modified
versions of a covered work in that User Product from a modified version of its
Corresponding Source. The information must suffice to ensure that the continued
functioning of the modified object code is in no case prevented or interfered with solely
because modification has been made.
If you convey an object code work under this section in, or with, or specifically for use
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in, a User Product, and the conveying occurs as part of a transaction in which the right
of possession and use of the User Product is transferred to the recipient in perpetuity
or for a fixed term (regardless of how the transaction is characterized), the
Corresponding Source conveyed under this section must be accompanied by the
Installation Information. But this requirement does not apply if neither you nor any third
party retains the ability to install modified object code on the User Product (for
example, the work has been installed in ROM).
The requirement to provide Installation Information does not include a requirement to
continue to provide support service, warranty, or updates for a work that has been
modified or installed by the recipient, or for the User Product in which it has been
modified or installed. Access to a network may be denied when the modification itself
materially and adversely affects the operation of the network or violates the rules and
protocols for communication across the network.
Corresponding Source conveyed, and Installation Information provided, in accord with
this section must be in a format that is publicly documented (and with an
implementation available to the public in source code form), and must require no special
password or key for unpacking, reading or copying.
7. Additional Terms.
'Additional permissions' are terms that supplement the terms of this License by making
exceptions from one or more of its conditions. Additional permissions that are applicable
to the entire Program shall be treated as though they were included in this License, to
the extent that they are valid under applicable law. If additional permissions apply only
to part of the Program, that part may be used separately under those permissions, but
the entire Program remains governed by this License without regard to the additional
permissions.
When you convey a copy of a covered work, you may at your option remove any
additional permissions from that copy, or from any part of it. (Additional permissions
may be written to require their own removal in certain cases when you modify the
work.) You may place additional permissions on material, added by you to a covered
work, for which you have or can give appropriate copyright permission.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, for material you add to a covered
work, you may (if authorized by the copyright holders of that material) supplement the
terms of this License with terms:
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a) Disclaiming warranty or limiting liability differently from the terms of sections 15
and 16 of this License; or
b) Requiring preservation of specified reasonable legal notices or author attributions
in that material or in the Appropriate Legal Notices displayed by works containing
it; or
c) Prohibiting misrepresentation of the origin of that material, or requiring that
modified versions of such material be marked in reasonable ways as different from
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d) Limiting the use for publicity purposes of names of licensors or authors of the
material; or
e) Declining to grant rights under trademark law for use of some trade names,
trademarks, or service marks; or
f) Requiring indemnification of licensors and authors of that material by anyone who
conveys the material (or modified versions of it) with contractual assumptions of
liability to the recipient, for any liability that these contractual assumptions
directly impose on those licensors and authors.
All other non-permissive additional terms are considered 'further restrictions' within the
meaning of section 10. If the Program as you received it, or any part of it, contains a
notice stating that it is governed by this License along with a term that is a further
restriction, you may remove that term. If a license document contains a further
restriction but permits relicensing or conveying under this License, you may add to a
covered work material governed by the terms of that license document, provided that
the further restriction does not survive such relicensing or conveying.
If you add terms to a covered work in accord with this section, you must place, in the
relevant source files, a statement of the additional terms that apply to those files, or a
notice indicating where to find the applicable terms.
Additional terms, permissive or non-permissive, may be stated in the form of a
separately written license, or stated as exceptions; the above requirements apply
either way.
8. Termination.
You may not propagate or modify a covered work except as expressly provided under
this License. Any attempt otherwise to propagate or modify it is void, and will
automatically terminate your rights under this License (including any patent licenses
granted under the third paragraph of section 11).
310
However, if you cease all violation of this License, then your license from a particular
copyright holder is reinstated (a) provisionally, unless and until the copyright holder
explicitly and finally terminates your license, and (b) permanently, if the copyright
holder fails to notify you of the violation by some reasonable means prior to 60 days
after the cessation.
Moreover, your license from a particular copyright holder is reinstated permanently if
the copyright holder notifies you of the violation by some reasonable means, this is the
first time you have received notice of violation of this License (for any work) from that
copyright holder, and you cure the violation prior to 30 days after your receipt of the
notice.
Termination of your rights under this section does not terminate the licenses of parties
who have received copies or rights from you under this License. If your rights have
been terminated and not permanently reinstated, you do not qualify to receive new
licenses for the same material under section 10.
9. Acceptance Not Required for Having Copies.
You are not required to accept this License in order to receive or run a copy of the
Program. Ancillary propagation of a covered work occurring solely as a consequence of
using peer-to-peer transmission to receive a copy likewise does not require
acceptance. However, nothing other than this License grants you permission to
propagate or modify any covered work. These actions infringe copyright if you do not
accept this License. Therefore, by modifying or propagating a covered work, you
indicate your acceptance of this License to do so.
10. Automatic Licensing of Downstream Recipients.
Each time you convey a covered work, the recipient automatically receives a license
from the original licensors, to run, modify and propagate that work, subject to this
License. You are not responsible for enforcing compliance by third parties with this
License.
An 'entity transaction' is a transaction transferring control of an organization, or
substantially all assets of one, or subdividing an organization, or merging organizations.
If propagation of a covered work results from an entity transaction, each party to that
transaction who receives a copy of the work also receives whatever licenses to the
work the party's predecessor in interest had or could give under the previous
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paragraph, plus a right to possession of the Corresponding Source of the work from the
predecessor in interest, if the predecessor has it or can get it with reasonable efforts.
You may not impose any further restrictions on the exercise of the rights granted or
affirmed under this License. For example, you may not impose a license fee, royalty, or
other charge for exercise of rights granted under this License, and you may not initiate
litigation (including a cross-claim or counterclaim in a lawsuit) alleging that any patent
claim is infringed by making, using, selling, offering for sale, or importing the Program or
any portion of it.
11. Patents.
A 'contributor' is a copyright holder who authorizes use under this License of the
Program or a work on which the Program is based. The work thus licensed is called the
contributor's 'contributor version'.
A contributor's 'essential patent claims' are all patent claims owned or controlled by the
contributor, whether already acquired or hereafter acquired, that would be infringed by
some manner, permitted by this License, of making, using, or selling its contributor
version, but do not include claims that would be infringed only as a consequence of
further modification of the contributor version. For purposes of this definition, 'control'
includes the right to grant patent sublicenses in a manner consistent with the
requirements of this License.
Each contributor grants you a non-exclusive, worldwide, royalty-free patent license
under the contributor's essential patent claims, to make, use, sell, offer for sale, import
and otherwise run, modify and propagate the contents of its contributor version.
In the following three paragraphs, a 'patent license' is any express agreement or
commitment, however denominated, not to enforce a patent (such as an express
permission to practice a patent or covenant not to sue for patent infringement). To
'grant' such a patent license to a party means to make such an agreement or
commitment not to enforce a patent against the party.
If you convey a covered work, knowingly relying on a patent license, and the
Corresponding Source of the work is not available for anyone to copy, free of charge
and under the terms of this License, through a publicly available network server or
other readily accessible means, then you must either (1) cause the Corresponding
Source to be so available, or (2) arrange to deprive yourself of the benefit of the
312
patent license for this particular work, or (3) arrange, in a manner consistent with the
requirements of this License, to extend the patent license to downstream recipients.
'Knowingly relying' means you have actual knowledge that, but for the patent license,
your conveying the covered work in a country, or your recipient's use of the covered
work in a country, would infringe one or more identifiable patents in that country that
you have reason to believe are valid.
If, pursuant to or in connection with a single transaction or arrangement, you convey,
or propagate by procuring conveyance of, a covered work, and grant a patent license
to some of the parties receiving the covered work authorizing them to use, propagate,
modify or convey a specific copy of the covered work, then the patent license you
grant is automatically extended to all recipients of the covered work and works based
on it.
A patent license is 'discriminatory' if it does not include within the scope of its
coverage, prohibits the exercise of, or is conditioned on the non-exercise of one or
more of the rights that are specifically granted under this License. You may not convey
a covered work if you are a party to an arrangement with a third party that is in the
business of distributing software, under which you make payment to the third party
based on the extent of your activity of conveying the work, and under which the third
party grants, to any of the parties who would receive the covered work from you, a
discriminatory patent license (a) in connection with copies of the covered work
conveyed by you (or copies made from those copies), or (b) primarily for and in
connection with specific products or compilations that contain the covered work,
unless you entered into that arrangement, or that patent license was granted, prior to
28 March 2007.
Nothing in this License shall be construed as excluding or limiting any implied license or
other defenses to infringement that may otherwise be available to you under applicable
patent law.
12. No Surrender of Others' Freedom.
If conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order, agreement or otherwise)
that contradict the conditions of this License, they do not excuse you from the
conditions of this License. If you cannot convey a covered work so as to satisfy
simultaneously your obligations under this License and any other pertinent obligations,
then as a consequence you may not convey it at all. For example, if you agree to
terms that obligate you to collect a royalty for further conveying from those to whom
313
you convey the Program, the only way you could satisfy both those terms and this
License would be to refrain entirely from conveying the Program.
13. Use with the GNU Affero General Public License.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, you have permission to link or
combine any covered work with a work licensed under version 3 of the GNU Affero
General Public License into a single combined work, and to convey the resulting work.
The terms of this License will continue to apply to the part which is the covered work,
but the special requirements of the GNU Affero General Public License, section 13,
concerning interaction through a network will apply to the combination as such.
14. Revised Versions of this License.
The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of the GNU
General Public License from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit to
the present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.
Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Program specifies that a
certain numbered version of the GNU General Public License 'or any later version' applies
to it, you have the option of following the terms and conditions either of that numbered
version or of any later version published by the Free Software Foundation. If the
Program does not specify a version number of the GNU General Public License, you may
choose any version ever published by the Free Software Foundation.
If the Program specifies that a proxy can decide which future versions of the GNU
General Public License can be used, that proxy's public statement of acceptance of a
version permanently authorizes you to choose that version for the Program.
Later license versions may give you additional or different permissions. However, no
additional obligations are imposed on any author or copyright holder as a result of your
choosing to follow a later version.
15. Disclaimer of Warranty.
THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY
APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT
HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM 'AS IS' WITHOUT WARRANTY
OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM
314
IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF
ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.
16. Limitation of Liability.
IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL
ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MODIFIES AND/OR CONVEYS THE
PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY
GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE
USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF
DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR
THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER
PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE
POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
17. Interpretation of Sections 15 and 16.
If the disclaimer of warranty and limitation of liability provided above cannot be given
local legal effect according to their terms, reviewing courts shall apply local law that
most closely approximates an absolute waiver of all civil liability in connection with the
Program, unless a warranty or assumption of liability accompanies a copy of the
Program in return for a fee.
END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
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