Installation, Operation and Maintenance Manual

Installation, Operation and Maintenance Manual
IOM-WQ-PWROKCZRO
Installation, Operation
and Maintenance Manual
Kwik-Change™ Zero Waste Reverse Osmosis
Model PWROKCZRO
! WARNING
Please read carefully before proceeding with
installation. Your failure to follow any attached
instructions or operating parameters may lead to the
product’s failure.
Keep this Manual for future reference.
! WARNING
Do not use with water that is microbiologically unsafe or of
unknown quality without adequate disinfection before or
after the system.
PWROKCZRO
IMPORTANT
If you are unsure about installing your WATTS water filter, contact
a WATTS representative or consult a professional plumber.
! CAUTION
Test the water periodically to verify that the system is performing
satisfactorily. Discard small parts remaining after the installation.
NOTICE
Failure to install the system correctly voids the warranty.
Handle all components of the system with care. Do not drop,
drag or turn components upside down.
Be sure the floor under the water filter system is clean, level
and strong enough to support the unit.
! WARNING
Do not use with water that is microbiologically unsafe or of
unknown quality without adequate disinfection before or after
the system.
System tested and certified by WQA against
NSF/ANSI Standard 372 for lead free.
Note: Not for sale or use in CA
Table of Contents
Operational Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Contents of Reverse Osmosis System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Tools Recommended For Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Drill a Hole for the Faucet in a Porcelain Sink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
How To Use Quick-Connect Fittings For Tubing Connections . . . . . . . 4
Punch a Hole for the Faucet in a Stainless Steel Sink . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Faucet Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Installation of Hot and Cold water supply valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Reverse Osmosis Module Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Connect the Tubing to the Hot and Cold Water Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Tank Ball Valve Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Check Air Pressure in the Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Blue Tube Connection (From RO Module To The Tank) . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Blue Tube Connection (From RO Module to the Faucet) . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Start up Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
6-Month System Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Annual System Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Membrane Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Parts List / Unit Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Arsenic Fact Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Limited Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Introduction
System Maintenance
Just because you cannot taste it, does not mean that it is not there.
Contaminants such as Lead, Chromium and Arsenic are undetectable to the taste. Additionally, over time if you do not replace the
filter elements, other bad tastes and odors will be apparent in your
drinking water.
Thank you for your purchase of a state of the art Watts KwikChange™ Zero Waste Reverse Osmosis (RO) water treatment
system. Water quality concerns are becoming more of a focus for
the public. You may have heard about contaminants in the drinking
water, such as Arsenic, Perchlorate, Chromium, Cryptosporidium
or Giardia. There may also be some local water issues such as high
levels of Lead and Copper. This Watts water treatment system has
been designed and tested to provide you with high-quality drinking water for years to come. The following is a brief overview of the
system.
This is why it is important to change out your filters at the recommended intervals as indicated in this system manual. When replacing
the filter elements, pay special attention to any cleaning instructions.
Should you have any further questions please refer to our website
at www.watts.com or call our customer service department at
1-800-244-1299.
Your Reverse Osmosis System:
Osmosis is the process of water passing through a semi-permeable
membrane in order to balance the concentration of contaminants
on each side of the membrane. A semi-permeable membrane is a
barrier that will pass some particles like clean drinking water, but not
other particles like arsenic and lead.
Reverse osmosis uses a semi-permeable membrane; however, by
applying pressure across the membrane, it concentrates contaminants (like a strainer) on one side of the membrane, producing crystal
clear water on the other. This is why RO systems produce both clean
drinking water and rinse water that is flushed from the system. This
reverse osmosis system also utilizes carbon block filtration technology, and can therefore provide a higher quality drinking water than
carbon filtration systems alone.
Your system is a three stage RO which is based upon separate
treatment segments within the one complete water filtration system.
These stages are as follows:
Stage 1 – Carbon filter, recommended change 6 months.
The first stage contains a 5-micron carbon block filter. This
helps ensure that chlorine and other materials that cause
bad taste and odor are greatly reduced.
Stage 2 – M
embrane, recommended change 2-5 years.
Stage 2 is the heart of the reverse osmosis system, the
RO membrane. This semi-permeable membrane will effectively take out TDS, Sodium and heavy metals such
as arsenic, copper, and lead*, as well as cysts, such
as Giardia and cryptosporidium. Because the process of
making this high quality drinking water takes time, your
RO water treatment system is equipped with a storage
tank.
Stage 3 - Carbon post filter, recommend change 12 months.
The final stage is a high-quality carbon filter. Drinking water
enters this filter after the water storage tank, and it is used
as a final polishing filter.
Note: Filter life may vary based upon local water conditions or
use patterns.
Replacement Filter Packs
MODEL NO.
ORDERING
CODE
FREQUENCY
DESCRIPTION
PWKCCB13
PWFPKKCZW
PWKCGAC13
PWMEMKC60
7100109
7100119
7100462
7100125
6 months
Carbon Block
Includes all filters and membranes
GAC filter
60 GPD membrane
Annual
2-5 years
NOTICE
Water conditions may require more frequent cartridge replacement
*Not Tested by WQA
2
Follow all local codes/regulations for your
installation
Operational Parameters
Operating Temperatures
Operating Pressure
pH Parameters
Iron
TDS (Total Dissolved Solids)
Turbidity
Maximum 100°F (37.8°C)
Maximum 85psi
(6.0 kg/cm2)
Maximum 11
Maximum 0.2 ppm
< 1800 ppm
< 5NTU
STEP 1
Minimum 40°F (4.4°C)
Minimum 40psi
(2.80 kg/cm2)
Minimum 2
Drill a Hole for the Faucet in a Porcelain Sink
Most sinks are predrilled with 1½" or 1¼" diameter hole that
you can use for your RO faucet. (If you are already using it for a
sprayer or soap dispenser, see Step 2).
NOTICE
Porcelain sinks are extremely hard and can crack or chip easily.
Hardness: Recommended hardness not to exceed 10 grains per
gallon, or 170ppm. System will operate with hardness over 10 grains
but the membrane life may be shortened. Addition of a water softener may lengthen the membrane life.
Use extreme caution when drilling. Watts accepts no responsibility for damage resulting from the installation of faucet.
Step A – Determine desired location for
the RO faucet on your sink
and place a piece of masking
tape on over where the hole is
to be drilled. Mark the center
of the hole on the tape.
Water Pressure: The operating water pressure in your home should
be tested over a 24 hour period to attain the maximum pressure.
If the incoming water pressure is above 85psi a pressure regulator is recommended and if over 100psi then a pressure regulator is
required.
Step B – Using a variable speed drill
set on the slowest speed, drill
a 1⁄8" pilot hole through both
porcelain and metal casing
of sink at the marked center
of the desired location. Use
lubricating oil or liquid soap
to keep the drill bit cool (If drill
bit gets hot, it may cause the
porcelain to crack or chip).
Copper Tubing: Reverse Osmosis water should not be run through
copper tubing as the purity of the water will leach copper causing
an objectional taste in water and pin holes may form in the tubing.
Watts supplies speciality filters that can be used if copper tubing
follows the Reverse Osmosis unit. Be sure to follow any state or local
regulations during installation.
NOTICE
RO unit must be installed a minimum of 25 Pipe feet from water
heater.
Step C – Using a 1¼" hole saw, proceed to drill the large hole.
Keep drill speed on the slowest speed and use lubricating
oil or liquid soap to keep the
hole saw cool during cutting.
NOTICE
System was tested in a laboratory setting utilizing a hot water
heater of 40 gallons set at 120°F. Performance may vary if
your heater is smaller than 40 gallons or set above 120°F,
contact the manufacturer for additional details.
System should not be used on homes equipped with a backflow prevention on the hot water heater. This device is 100%
efficient, as no water is lost to drain in the production of the
RO water.
Step D – Make sure the surroundings
of the sink are cooled before
mounting the faucet to the
sink after drilling and remove
all sharp edges.
Contents of Reverse Osmosis (RO) System
1 Tank
1 RO Module
OR
1 Parts Bag – With a 10" Final Filter
Punch a Hole for the Faucet in a Stainless
Steel Sink
1 Faucet Bag
1 Manual
If any of the items are missing please contact prior to installing.
If mounting faucet to a Stainless Steel
Sink, you will need a 1¼" Hole Punch.
The faucet opening should be centered
between the back splash and the edge
of the sink, ideally on the same side as
the vertical drain pipe.
Tools Recommended for Installation
• 1¼" Hole Saw Bit for Faucet opening
• Round Knockout Punch for Stainless
Sinks 1¼"
• Adjustable Wrench
Step A – Drill a ¼" pilot hole. Use a 1⁄2"
Hole Punch and an adjustable
wrench to punch the hole in the
sink. Change to the 1¼" Hole
Punch to enlarge the hole
• Sharp Knife
• 1⁄2" & 5⁄8" Open End Wrenches
• Phillips Screw Driver
• Needle Nose Pliers – Adjustable Pliers
• Electric Drill
The faucet can now be installed.
• 1⁄8" Drill Bit
• 1⁄4" Drill Bit
• 3⁄8" Drill Bit
3
How To Use the Quick-Connect Fittings For Tubing Connections
To make a connection, the tube is simply pushed into the fitting.
Place a piece of tape 1⁄2" from end of tube to indicate how far the
tube should be inserted. The unique patented locking system holds
the tube firmly in place without deforming it or restricting flow.
NOTE: These diagrams are just to show how the quick-connect
fittings work, your product may not have this exact connector
part.
It is essential that the outside diameter be free of score marks and that burrs and
sharp edges be removed before inserting into fitting.
Fitting grips before it seals. Ensure tube is pushed into the tube stop.
Push the tube into the fitting, to the tube stop. The collet (gripper) has stainless
steel teeth which hold the tube firmly in position while the O-ring provides a permanent leak proof seal.
Pull on the tube to check that it is secure. It is a good practice to test the system
prior to leaving site and /or before use.
To disconnect, ensure the system is depressurized before removing the tube. Push
in collect squarely against face of fitting. With the collet held in this position, the
tube can be removed. The fitting can then be reused.
4
STEP 2
STEP 3
Adapt-A-Valve™ Installation
Verify contents prior to installation:
Watts Chrome Top Mount Faucet Installation
MINIMUM
Mounting Hole Size
Torque on Toggle Bolt
( 2 ) - Plastic Adapt-a-Valve™ & Black Collet
( 2 ) - Brass Adapter no washer
( 2 ) - Brass Adapter with black washer
( 2 ) - White rubber washer
MAXIMUM
1"
11⁄4"
5 lb.in. (max)
NOTICE
Gather and identify the faucet pieces.
Water supply line to the system must be from the cold water
supply line only. Hot water will severely damage your system.
Step A - Remove faucet base, faucet spout and 3/8" tube from the
parts bag .
NOTICE
Step B - Connect the 3/8” BLUE tube to the 3/8” BLUE Fitting on
base of the faucet .
Do not use Teflon tape with the Adapt-A-Valve™.
Step C - From above the sink, feed the faucet tubing & toggle bolt
down through the 1¼" mounting hole in the sink . Ensure
that the soft rubber gasket has the protective white paper
removed from both sides and is uniformly positioned in
between the base of the faucet and the top of the sink .
For 3⁄8" Configuration
Step D - Align the faucet base so that the handle is on the right side
and the base is sitting flush on the sink top . Using a phillips
head screwdriver, turn the screw located down the hole
where the spout will be installed, clockwise until the toggle
bolt secures the faucet base snug onto the sink top .
(With Brass Fittings)
* Insert White Washer
Step E - Once the faucet base is securely fastened to the sink top,
insert the faucet spout into the faucet base until it is fully
seated . Turn the handle up (away from you) to the “OFF”
position .
Hot
Supply
For 1⁄2" Configuration
(Without Brass Fittings)
1⁄2" Configuration
Cold
Supply
Step A - Turn off the cold and hot water supply to the faucet by
turning the angle stop valve completely off .
Step B - Open cold and hot water sink faucet to relieve pressure .
Step C - Choosing the configuration that fits your plumbing, attach
the Adapt-A-Valve™ as illustrated in the photos above .
STEP 4
Reverse Osmosis Module Mounting
Step A – This Kwik-Change Zero Waste RO system uses an
integrated mounting bracket to support the RO system .
Determine best location for the RO module to be placed,
no additional mounting required in the kitchen cabinet .
NOTICE
Do not cut any RO system tubes at this time
Drain Saddle Installation. See page 5 from IOM-WQ-PWRO4
5
STEP 5
STEP 8
Green Tube Connection
Tank Ball Valve Installation
Step A – Locate green tube attached to the
RO Module . Insert the open end of
the green 1⁄4" tube into the open 1⁄4"
quick-connect fitting on the AdaptA-Valve™ making sure the tube is
pushed in all the way to the tube
stop .
Step A – Wrap (7 to 12 turns) of Teflon®
tape clockwise around the
male pipe threads (MPT) on the
Stainless Steel fitting on top of
the tank .
Step B – Connect the green tube from the RO
module to the Adapt-A-Valve™ that
is connected to the cold water angle
stop valve . Leave enough tube so it is not kinked and cut
the tube to the desired length .
Do not let the tape cover the opening.
Step B – Thread the plastic elbow ballvalve (supplied in the parts
bag) onto the stainless steel
connection on the top of tank .
Tighten using an adjustable
wrench . Do not over tighten as
plastic could crack .
STEP 6
Black Tube Connection
Step A – Locate black tube attached to the
RO Module . Insert the open end of
the black 1⁄4" tube into the open 1⁄4"
quick-connect fitting on the AdaptA-Valve™ making sure the tube is
pushed in all the way to the tube
stop .
Teflon® is a registered trademark of E .I . Dupont de Nemours & Company .
STEP 9
Blue Tube Connection (to RO tank)
Step A– Position the RO storage tank in a desired location . You may
stand it upright or lay it on its side (using the black plastic
stand included) .
Step B – Connect the black tube from the RO
module to the Adapt-A-Valve™ that
is connected to the hot water angle
stop valve . Leave enough tube so it is not kinked and cut
the tube to the desired length .
Step B– Locate the 1/4" blue tube in the parts bag . Connect one end
of the tube to the tee fitting attached to the inline polishing filter, clipped on to the RO membrane housing . Insert
the tube into the open tee fitting and use a 5⁄8" wrench to
tighten the white plastic nut securely .
STEP 7
Step C– Measure the tube from the inline polishing filter the tank and
cut it to length leaving a straight, square edge . To connect the blue tube to the ball valve fitting, slip the blue tube
through the white compression nut, hand tighten the white
nut and add 1/4 turn with a 5/8" wrench .
Check Air Pressure in the Tank
Check air pressure when tank is empty of water!
Check air pressure in the storage tank when you notice a decrease in available water from the RO system. Air can be added
with a bicycle pump using the schrader valve that is located on
the lower side of the tank behind the blue plastic cap.
Set the blue ball valve knob in-line with the blue tube, this is
the “open” position.
A connection to a refrigerator / ice maker may be tee’d into this
blue tube and should be spliced in between the final filter and
the RO faucet.
Step A – Turn off the incoming water
supply to the RO by turning the
knob on the Adapt-A-Valve™
clockwise until it stops . (Follow
the green tube away from the
RO system to find the Adapt-AValve™ .)
STEP 10
Blue Tube Connection (from faucet)
Step A– Locate the 3/8" blue tube attached to the RO faucet .
Connect the open end of the tube to the straight fitting
attached to the inline polishing filter clipped on to the RO
membrane housing . Insert the tube into the open fitting and
use a 5⁄8" wrench to tighten the white plastic nut securely .
Step B – Open the RO Faucet and allow water to drain from the tank
until it is completely empty .
When water from the RO faucet slows to a trickle, with the
faucet still in the open position, you may add air to the tank to
purge any left over water. This will ensure that the tank is completely empty.
Step C – Once all water in the tank is purged, check air pressure using an air pressure gauge, it should read between 5 - 7psi .
(Digital air pressure gauge is recommended)
Step D – Follow startup procedure on Page 7 .
6
Start Up Instructions
! WARNING
To prevent the possibility of electrical shock, clean up any water
on cabinet floor and dry all water from outside of RO unit.
Step A– T
urn on the incoming cold and hot water at the angle stop
valves by turning the knob on the Adapt-A-Valve™ counterclockwise. Check the system for leaks and tighten push
to be further in any fittings as necessary. (Check frequently
over the next 24 hours to ensure no leaks are present).
If you have connected your RO system to a refrigerator / ice
maker, make sure the ice maker is off (do not allow water to flow
to the ice maker) until flushing is complete and the tank has
been allowed to fill completely. Connection from the RO to the
ice maker system should have an in-line valve installed before
the ice maker so it can easily be closed to prevent water flowing
to the ice maker during start up and periodic maintenance. Your
RO tank must be allowed to fill up fully in order for the ice maker
system to work properly.
Step B – Plug the 24 volt transformer power cord connector into the
RO wire harness connector (labeled Transformer).
Step C – P
lug the transformer into the electrical outlet under the
sink.
Step D – O
pen the RO faucet and leave it open until water begins to
trickle out (it will come out slowly).
Step E – A
fter water trickles out of the faucet, close the RO faucet
allowing the storage tank to fill with water. It may take 4 to
6 hours to fill the tank completely depending on the production capability of the membrane, local water temperature and water pressure.
Ensure Ball Valve on the RO storage tank is open.
During the fill period, you may hear water trickling due to the
Reverse Osmosis Process.
Step F – After the Tank has filled, open the RO Faucet to flush the
tank completely to remove carbon particles from final filter.
You will know that the tank is empty when the flow rate
from the RO faucet is down to a trickle. Repeat this step
two more times. The fourth tank can be used for drinking.
NOTICE
Flushing of the tank 3 times is only necessary during the initial
startup and after replacing the membrane.
NOTICE
Your reverse osmosis system contains replaceable treatment
components that are critical for effective containment reduction.
Periodic inspection and following proper system maintenance is
critical for continued performance.
7
6-Month System Maintenance
Step C – Make sure to remove the
cap off of the new replacement filter. Insert the new filter
cartridge into the head and
rotate it clockwise 1⁄4 turn until
it stops. Return cartridge to the
vertical position.
Order filter by calling Watts at 1-800-224-1299
Item Needed: EDP# 7100109
Includes:
• (1) Carbon Block Filter
This reverse osmosis system contains a replaceable component (the RO membrane) which is critical to the efficiency of the
system. Replacement of this reverse osmosis membrane should
be with one of identical specifications as defined by Watts to
assure the same efficiency and contaminant reduction performance.
Step D – When finished flush your tank
completely once to remove
any natural carbon fines from
the RO system. Check over
the next 24 hours to ensure no
leaks are present.
Note: Your RO module is equipped with valved heads which will
automatically turn off the water supply to each filter when the
filter is released, thus you do not need to turn off the incoming
water supply at the Adapt-A-Valve™. The faucet must be off
when filter is replaced.
Photographs for reference purposes
only for Kwik-Change™ drinking water
systems. Your system may contain 2, 3,
or 4 filter cartridges.
Step A – Place the towel under the RO module to catch any excess
water that drips out from the filters during the changeover.
Step B – T
o make the removal of the
filter housings easier, the heads
& housings may be lifted up
to 90 degrees as shown in the
pictures to the right. Starting
with cartridge closest to the
pump. Change only the carbon
block filter, lift the cartridge
up to 90 degrees. Rotate the cartridge a 1⁄4 turn counterclockwise, remove and dispose of used cartridge.
Annual Maintenance
Step C – Make sure to remove the
cap off of the new replacement filter. Insert the new filter
cartridge into the head and
rotate it clockwise 1⁄4 turn until
it stops. Return cartridge to the
vertical position.
Order filter by calling Watts at 1-800-224-1299
Item Needed: # 7100119
Includes:
• (1) Carbon Block Filters
• (1) Membrane
• (1) Post GAC
Note: Your RO module is equipped with valved heads which will
automatically turn off the water supply to each filter when the
filter is released, thus you do not need to turn off the incoming
water supply at the Adapt-A-Valve™. The faucet must be off
when filters are replaced.
Step D – Repeat this procedure for the
2nd and 3rd filter cartridges.
When finished flush your tank
completely once to remove
any natural carbon fines from
the RO system. Check over
the next 24 hours to ensure no
leaks are present.
Step A – Place the towel under the RO module to catch any excess
water that drips out from the filters during the changeover.
Step B – Start with Carbon Block Filter
(closest to pump). Lift the
cartridge to make the removal
of the filter housings easier, the
heads & housings may be lifted
up to 90 degrees as shown
in the pictures to the right.
Starting with the sediment filter,
lift the cartridge up to 90 degrees. Rotate the cartridge
a 1⁄4 turn counterclockwise, remove and dispose of used
cartridge.
Photographs for reference purposes
only for Kwik-Change™ drinking water
systems. Your system may contain 2, 3,
or 4 filter cartridges.
8
Replacement Filter Packs
Membrane Replacement
MODEL
PWKCCB13
PWFPKKCZW
PWKCGAC13
PWMEMKC60
This reverse osmosis system contains a replaceable component (the
RO membrane) which is critical to the efficiency of the system.
Replacement of this reverse osmosis membrane should be with one
of identical specifications as defined by Watts to assure the same
efficiency and contaminant reduction performance.
Membranes have a life expectancy between 2 and 5 years, depending on the incoming water conditions and the amount the
RO system is used. This reverse osmosis membrane is critical for
effective reduction of total dissolved solids (TDS). The product water
should be tested periodically to verify that the system is performing
satisfactorily.
Normally, a membrane would be replaced during a semiannual or
annual filter change. However, if at any time you notice a reduction
in water production or an unpleasant taste in the reverse osmosis
water, it could be time to replace the membrane. Watts recommends
replacing the membrane when TDS reduction falls below 75%.
NOTICE
A water sample may be sent to Watts for a free diagnosis of
your membrane performance. To send a water sample, use two
(2) clean containers and fill ½ cup of tap water in one container
and ½ cup of reverse osmosis water in 2nd container. Clearly
label each sample. Send the samples to the address listed on
the cover of this manual attention “Water Samples”. Watts will
test the water and mail or call you with the results.
NOTICE
See annual maintenance on Page 7.
Step A – To change your membrane follow the instructions for the
Annual Maintenance (previous section). The procedure to
remove and change the membrane cartridge is the same
as all the other filter cartridges on the RO module.
Step B – Check over the next 24 hours to ensure no leaks
are present.
9
FREQUENCY
DESCRIPTION
6 months
Annual
Annual
2-5 years
Carbon Block
Membrane and filters
GAC filter
60 GPD membrane
Parts List
The reverse osmosis system contains a replaceable treatment component, critical for the effective reduction of total dissolved solids and
that the product water shall be tested periodically to verify that the
system is performing properly
ITEM #
EDP #
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
7300052
7300034
7300025
7300000
7100174
7300068
7100203
7300073
7300028
7300001
7300015
7300066
7300064
7300065
7100109
7100125
7100462
7300076
7300075
4
7
DESCRIPTION
MODULE
ELBOW - 1/4" QC X 1/4" STEM (NOT SHOWN)
FLOW RESTRICTOR (NOT SHOWN)
TRANSFORMER
STORAGE TANK - 3 GAL WHITE
ADAPT-A-VALVE™
TOP MOUNT FAUCET - CHROME
TANK SHUT-OFF VALVE
ADAPTER - 3/8" STEM X 1/4" QC (NOT SHOWN)
BOOSTER PUMP - 1/4" QC
PRESSURE SWITCH
1/4" GREEN TUBING
1/4" BLACK TUBING
1/4" BLUE TUBING
CARBON FILTER
REVERSE OSMOSIS MEMBRANE
POST CARBON FILTER
SOLENOID VALVE
DOUBLE-CHECK VALVE
TRANSFORMER
FAUCET
14
1/4” BLUE TUBE
1
11
8
PRESSURE
SWITCH
19
13
CHECK
VALVE
MODULE
1/4” BLACK TUBE
TANK SHUT-OFF VALVE
14 1/4 BLUE TUBE
TO
KITCHEN
SINK
TO
KITCHEN
SINK
15
12
1/4” GREEN
TUBE
18
FEED WATER
6
5
ADAPT-A-VALVE
6
SELENOID
ADAPT-A-VALVE
STORAGE TANK
HOT-WATER
SHUT-OFF VALVE
COLD-WATER
SHUT-OFF VALVE
10
10
PUMP
16
17
Troubleshooting
PROBLEM
1. Low/Slow Production
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Low Water Pressure
Assure a minimum of 40psi incoming water pressure.
Watts sells a booster pump if home water pressure is low.
Make sure water supply is turned on and Adapt-A-Valve™ is
all the way open.
Crimps in tubing
Check tubing and straighten or replace as necessary.
Clogged pre-filters
Replace pre-filters.
Fouled membrane
Replace membrane and flow restrictor.
2. Milky colored Water
Air in system
Air in the system is a normal occurrence with initial start up
of the RO system. This milky look will disappear during normal
use within 1-2 weeks. If condition reoccurs after filter change,
drain tank 1 to 2 times.
3. Water constantly running, unit will not shut off
Low water pressure
See #1 Above
Crimp in supply tube
Check tubing and straighten or repair as necessary.
Crimp or restriction
Check tubing and straighten or repair as necessary.
Straighten all drain lines. Clear blockage. Cut off any Excess
tubing
Drain tube clogged
Caused from dishwasher or garbage disposal.
Disconnect the 3/8" black line at the drain, clean the 3/8"
black line out with a wire, then reconnect. Blowing air through
the line will not always remove the clog.
System starting up
Normally it takes 4-6 hours to fill tank. Note: low incoming
water pressure and/or temperature can drastically reduce
production rate.
Low water pressure
See #1 above.
To much air in tank
Tank air pressure should be 5-7psi when empty of water.
If below 5psi, add air or bleed if above 7psi.
Check only when tank is empty of water. See previous page.
6. Water leaks from the filter membrane housing
Not properly tightened
Re-insert the filter / membrane housing.
7. Low water flow from faucet
Check air pressure in tank
Use a Digital Air Gauge for best results. The empty tank pressure should be 5-7 psi. To reset the air pressure in the tank,
turn off water supply and drain tank by opening faucet. When
water stops flowing out of the faucet. Remove schrader valve
cover pump air into tank until water stops flowing from the
faucet. Release the air out of the schrader valve until you
reach 5-7 psi. Replace schrader valve cover. Turn on Water.
4. Noise / Water from faucet vent hole or noise from in drain
line drain.
5. Small amount of water in storage tank
11
Arsenic Facts
Arsenic (As) is a naturally occurring contaminant found in many
ground waters. Arsenic in water has no color, taste or odor. It must
be measured by an arsenic test kit or lab test.
Public water utilities must have their water tested for arsenic. You
can obtain the results from your water utility contained with in your
consumer confidence report. If you have your own well, you will need
to have the water evaluated. The local health department or the state
environmental health agency can provide a list of test kits or certified
labs.
There are two forms of arsenic: pentavalent arsenic (also called As
(V), As (+5)) and trivalent arsenic (also called As (III), As (+3)). In well
water, arsenic may be pentavalent, trivalent, or a combination of
both. Although both forms of arsenic are potentially hazardous to
your health, trivalent arsenic is considered more harmful than pentavalent arsenic.
RO systems are very effective at removing pentavalent arsenic. A free
chlorine residual will rapidly convert trivalent arsenic to pentavalent
arsenic. Other water treatment chemicals such as ozone and potassium permanganate will also change trivalent arsenic to pentavalent
arsenic. A combined chlorine residual (also called chloramine) where
it does convert trivalent arsenic to pentavalent arsenic, may not convert all the trivalent arsenic in to pentavalent arsenic. If you get your
water from a public water utility, contact the utility to find out if free
chlorine or combined chlorine is used in the water system.
This Watts reverse osmosis system is designed to remove up to 98%
of pentavalent arsenic. It will not convert trivalent arsenic to pentavalent arsenic. Under laboratory standard testing conditions, this
system reduced 0.30 mg/L (ppm) pentavalent arsenic to under 0.010
mg/L (ppm) (the USEPA standard for drinking water). Actual performance of the system may vary depending on specific water quality
conditions at the consumer’s installation. In addition to the independent laboratory standard testing conditions Watts has conducted
additional field testing on our reverse osmosis units to determine
trivalent arsenic reduction capabilities. Based upon Watts field testing, it has been determined that the RO units are capable of reducing
up to 67% of trivalent arsenic from the drinking water.
The RO membrane component of this Watts reverse osmosis system
must be maintained according to its recommended maintenance
cycle. Specific component identification and ordering information can
be found in the installation/operation manual maintenance section,
by phone at 1-800-224-1299 or online www.watts.com
12
WARNING: This product contains chemicals known
to the State of California to cause cancer and birth
defects or other reproductive harm.
For more information: www.watts.com/prop65
LIMITED WARRANTY: Certain Watts Pure Water products come with a limited warranty from Watts Regulator Co. Other products may have no warranty or are covered by the original manufacturer’s
warranty only. For specific product warranty information, please visit www.watts.com or the published literature that comes with your product. Any remedies stated in such warranties are exclusive and
are the only remedies for breach of warranty. EXCEPT FOR THE APPLICABLE PRODUCT WARRANTY, IF ANY, WATTS MAKES NO OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. TO THE FULLEST EXTENT
PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, WATTS HEREBY SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND IN NO EVENT SHALL WATTS BE LIABLE, IN CONTRACT, TORT, STRICT LIABILITY OR UNDER ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY, FOR
INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, LOST PROFITS OR PROPERTY DAMAGE, REGARDLESS OF WHETHER IT WAS INFORMED ABOUT
THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
USA: T: (800) 224-1299 • F: (978) 794-1848 • Watts.com/PureWater
Canada: T: (905) 332-4090 • F: (905) 332-7068 • Watts.ca/PureWater
Latin America: T: (52) 81-1001-8600 • F: (52) 81-8000-7091 • Watts.com/PureWater
IOM-WQ-PWROKCZRO 1713
EDP#2915873
© 2017 Watts
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