Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration Application

Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration Application
Amigopod and ArubaOS
Integration
Version 1.0
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Copyright
© 2011 Aruba Networks, Inc. AirWave®, Aruba Networks®, Aruba Mobility Management System®, Bluescanner, For Wireless That
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no responsibility for any errors or omissions.
Open Source Code
Certain Aruba products include Open Source software code developed by third parties, including software code subject to the GNU
General Public License (“GPL”), GNU Lesser General Public License (“LGPL”), or other Open Source Licenses. The Open Source code
used can be found at this site:
http://www.arubanetworks.com/open_source
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This guide is designed to provide information about wireless networking, which includes Aruba Network products. Though Aruba uses
commercially reasonable efforts to ensure the accuracy of the specifications contained in this document, this guide and the information in
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ARUBA DISCLAIMS ANY AND ALL OTHER REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES, WHETHER EXPRESSED, IMPLIED, OR
STATUTORY, INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, TITLE,
NONINFRINGEMENT, ACCURACY, AND QUIET ENJOYMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AGGREGATE LIABILITY OF ARUBA
EXCEED THE AMOUNTS ACTUALLY PAID TO ARUBA UNDER ANY APPLICABLE WRITTEN AGREEMENT OR FOR ARUBA
PRODUCTS OR SERVICES PURCHASED DIRECTLY FROM ARUBA, WHICHEVER IS LESS.
Aruba Networks reserves the right to change, modify, transfer, or otherwise revise this publication and the product specifications without
notice.
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2
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Table of Contents
Chapter 1:
Chapter 2:
Chapter 3:
Chapter 4:
Chapter 5:
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Introduction
5
Reference Material
5
Captive Portal Authentication
6
Captive Portal Overview
6
ArubaOS or Amigopod for Visitor Management
7
Captive Portal Authentication Workflow
10
ArubaOS Configuration
12
Creating a RADIUS Server Instance
Modify NAS ID for Master Local Deployments
Add RADIUS Server to a Server Group
Creating an RFC3576 Server Instance
12
14
15
16
Creating a Captive Portal Profile
Configure Authentication for Captive Portal Profile
Modify the AAA Profile
Define a Policy to Permit Traffic to Amigopod
Enable Captive Portal on Initial Role of Captive Portal Profile
Verify Virtual AP Configuration
18
20
21
23
25
26
Amigopod Configuration
27
Check for Updated Amigopod Plugins
27
Configure RADIUS NAS for an Aruba Controller
30
Configure Web Login for Captive Portal Authentication
Optional Customization of the Web Login Page
Amigopod Skins and Content Customization
Web Login Access Lists
33
34
35
36
Configure the RADIUS User Role
37
(Optional) Import Sample Welcome Page
38
Integration Verification
42
Create a Test Account Within Amigopod Guest Manager
42
Testing RADIUS
Test Basic RADIUS Transactions
Test Login and Verify Successful RADIUS Transaction
Check that RADIUS Accounting is Working as Expected
44
44
46
48
Table of Contents | 3
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Chapter 6:
Troubleshooting Tips
Appendix A: Contacting Aruba Networks
Contacting Aruba Networks
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Application Note
49
50
50
Table of Contents | 4
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Chapter 1: Introduction
Aruba supports advanced visitor management services through the combination of Aruba Mobility
Controllers and APs running the ArubaOS software, and Aruba Amigopod guest management
software. This guide describes the configuration process that must be performed on the Aruba Mobility
Controllers and the Aruba Amigopod to create a fully integrated visitor management solution. The
solution leverages the captive portal functionality and RADIUS authentication, authorization, and
accounting (AAA) functions that are built into ArubaOS.
This guide is based on the Aruba controller running the base OS image and the additional Policy
Enforcement Firewall (PEF) license enabled. The PEF license is needed to make the necessary
changes to the default captive portal role to allow unauthenticated traffic to flow through to the
Amigopod Web Login page.
The PEF license provides identity-based security to wired and wireless clients through user roles and
firewall rules. You must purchase and install the PEF license on the mobility controller to use identitybased security features. Depending on whether the license is installed, the captive portal functions
work differently and you configure captive portal differently.
The detailed configuration steps of the PEF features that relate to the operation of a working captive
portal are outside the scope of this integration document. Detailed discussion on how to leverage the
integrated firewall capabilities of the Aruba controller that are enabled by the PEF license are covered
in the referenced VRD resources.
Table 1 lists the current software versions for this guide.
Table 1
Aruba Software Versions
Product
Version
ArubaOS™ (mobility controllers)
6.1
AmigopodOS
3.3
Reference Material


This guide assumes a working knowledge of Aruba products. This guide is based on the network
detailed in the Aruba Campus Wireless Networks VRD and the Base Designs Lab Setup for
Validated Reference Design. These guides are available for free at
http://www.arubanetworks.com/vrd.
The complete suite of Aruba technical documentation is available for download from the Aruba
support site. These documents present complete, detailed feature and functionality explanations
outside the scope of the VRD series. The Aruba support site is located at:
https://support.arubanetworks.com/. This site requires a user login and is for current Aruba
customers with support contracts.
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Introduction | 5
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Chapter 2: Captive Portal Authentication
Captive portals are the simplest form of authentication for users. This section introduces the concepts
behind the authentication and compares and contrasts Amigopod with the ArubaOS portal.
Captive Portal Overview
Captive portal allows a wireless client to authenticate using a web-based portal page. Captive portals
are typically used in wireless hotspots or for hotel in-room Internet access. After a user associates to
the wireless network, their device is assigned an IP address. The user must start a web browser and
pass an authentication check before access to the network is granted. An example page is shown in
Figure 1.
Figure 1
Amigopod captive portal page
Captive portal authentication is the simplest form of authentication to use and it requires no software
installation or configuration on the client. The guest SSID is typically open and does not use any form
of encryption. The portal usually asks for some limited information such as a username and password
and the exchange is encrypted using standard SSL encryption.
However, portal authentication does not provide any form of encryption beyond the authentication
process. To ensure privacy of client data, some form of link-layer encryption (such as WPA-PSK or
WPA2-PSK) or higher-level VPN (such as IPsec or SSL) should be used when sensitive data will be
sent over the wireless network.
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Captive Portal Authentication | 6
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
ArubaOS or Amigopod for Visitor Management
ArubaOS supports two methods of guest access: using just the mobility controller or using the mobility
controller plus Amigopod. ArubaOS supports basic guest management and captive portal functionality,
with guest access limited to a single master-local cluster. Aruba Amigopod extends the standard
ArubaOS captive portal functionality by providing many advanced features, including:
 A fully branded user interface
 SMS integration for delivery of receipts
 Bulk upload of visitors for conference management
 Self-provisioning of users for public space environments
Table 2
Comparison of ArubaOS Captive Portal and Amigopod
Feature
ArubaOS
Not supported =
Limited support =
ArubaOS Plus
Amigopod
Supported =
Captive Portal Customization
Captive portal customization
Captive portal per-SSID customization
Anonymous logon
One time tokens/access codes
Welcome page with session statistics and logout
Mobile browser aware captive portal pages
Skins: UI branding customization
Guest Account Provisioning
Single point of management for guest account and captive portal in multiple
master controller deployments
Non-IT staff do not require IP access to master controller for provisioning
guest accounts
Guest-provisioning operator role
Customizable guest-provisioning operator role
External servers for operator logins
Provisioning of nonguest user roles by operators
Limit operators to view only the account they created
Self-registration workflow with automated login
Sponsor-approved self-registration
Time zone support for guest access in distributed deployments
Bulk provisioning of guest accounts (CSV import and automatic generation)
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Captive Portal Authentication | 7
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Table 2
Application Note
Comparison of ArubaOS Captive Portal and Amigopod (Continued)
Feature
ArubaOS
ArubaOS Plus
Amigopod
Export/import of user database
Mandatory and nonmandatory fields
Guest password complexity requirements
Guest account information printing via templates
Guest credential delivery through email and SMS
Force password change on first login
Delete and/or disable guest accounts on expiration
Guest Session Management
Time and day policy
Guest access expiry timer starts on first login
Limit access based on total session time across multiple logins
Limit guest session data (total bytes)
Limit guest session bandwidth (Mb/s)
Limit guest session to single concurrent login
Hotspot and Hospitality Features
Walled garden
Plug-and-play clients, any IP
VPN NAT (static NAT per client using public IP)
Credit card billing
Surveys and feedback forms
Target ads and promotions
Visitor data mining
MAC or cookie-based reauthentication (portal bypass)
Reporting and Notification
Peak guest network usage
Total guest sessions (per day, per week, etc.)
Bandwidth usage on guest network
Top x users (session time and bandwidth)
Expiring passwords
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Captive Portal Authentication | 8
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Table 2
Application Note
Comparison of ArubaOS Captive Portal and Amigopod (Continued)
Feature
ArubaOS
ArubaOS Plus
Amigopod
Enterprise Features and Scalability
Managing 1000s of accounts
High availability/redundancy
Expandability (plug-in architecture)
Although ArubaOS supports internal and external captive portal functionality, this guide focuses on
external captive portal functionality. The internal captive portal dictates the use of the internal login
page on the controller itself. The login page is very basic and does not allow for the extensive
customization that is possible with the Amigopod Web Logins feature.
NOTE
Amigopod provides the Skin plugin technology where the presentation of the UI
is separated from the mechanics of the underlying application. This separation
allows Aruba to supply end users with a branded skin for all Amigopod
interaction (both visitor and administrators) for a nominal fee at the time of
purchase. Users can also customize the skin themselves with the requisite
skills. ArubaOS now allows for fully customized captive portal pages to be
uploaded to the controller. However, this process requires a significant amount
of web design and JavaScript experience to produce a professional result.
The integration of Amigopod with the mobility controller also leverages the ability of ArubaOS to define
and reference external RADIUS servers for the authentication and accounting of visitor accounts. In
the standalone Aruba guest-provisioning solution, the local database in each controller stores user
credentials, which limits the solution to the scope of the local deployment. With the introduction of
Amigopod, all visitor accounts are created, authenticated, and accounted for on the Amigopod internal
RADIUS server.
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Captive Portal Authentication | 9
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Captive Portal Authentication Workflow
Figure 2 shows the phases that a guest user passes through during a captive portal authentication
process. In the Aruba system, the mobility controller acts as the network access server (NAS) and
Amigopod acts as the RADIUS server. Figure 2 details the captive portal authentication workflow.
Guest
Mobility Controller (NAS)
Amigopod VMA
Associates [1]
Redirects
States:
Unauthorized
Unregistered role
Authenticating
Browse to Landing page [2]
Authorized
Complete login form
Submit form [3]
Login Message page [4]
Automated NAS login
Web login
Access-Request [5]
Authentication
Access-Accept [6]
Authorization
Guest role [7]
Accounting-Request [8]
Accounting-Response
Internet browsing
Accounting
Accounting-Request [9]
Accounting-Response [9]
Interim Accounting
Session timeout [10]
Accounting-Request [11]
Figure 2
Accounting
arun_0540
Accounting-Response
Workflow for captive portal authentication
1. The guest user associates their Wi-Fi device to the guest SSID. In the baseline VRD
configuration, this SSID is “Guest-Network.”
2. The guest user opens a browser. Based on the configured home page or requested web page,
the initial HTTP traffic is intercepted by the Aruba controller and redirected to the Amigopod web
login page defined in the captive portal profile.
3. The guest user enters their user credentials on the Amigopod web login page. Amigopod
performs any preauthorization checks that are required and displays the login message to the
guest user.
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Captive Portal Authentication | 10
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
4. The login message instructs the guest user’s browser to submit the user credentials directly to
the Aruba controller as a HTTPS POST for authentication processing.
5. When the Aruba controller receives the user credentials, it creates a corresponding RADIUS
session and sends an Access-Request message to the defined Amigopod RADIUS server.
6. The Amigopod processes the Access-Request message by referring to its local database and
optionally any configured proxy authentication servers defined. Any defined authorization rules
are processed at this point.
7. Based on the results of the authentication and authorization processing, the Amigopod responds
with either an Access-Accept or Access-Reject message. If the authentication is successful, the
Access-Accept message contains one or more RADIUS attributes to define the context of the
guest user session. These attributes can include but are not limited to the session duration of the
guest login and the Aruba controller user role that defines the PEF policies and bandwidth
contracts that could be applied to the session. When the Aruba controller receives the AccessAccept message, it changes the role of the guest user session and their device is permitted
access to the network.
8. If RADIUS accounting has been configured correctly on the Aruba controller, an AccountingStart packet is sent to the Amigopod, which defines the beginning of the session statistics for the
guest user.
9. Based on the default interval of [600 seconds] the Aruba controller will provide updates to these
session statistics by sending Interim Accounting update messages to the Amigopod.
10.Based on the Session-Timeout received in the original Access-Accept packet from Amigopod,
the Aruba controller counts down the remaining time that is valid for the current guest user
session. When the time has expired, the controller terminates the session.
11.When the session ends (Session-Timeout, Idle-Timeout, User Logout, Admin Disconnect), the
controller sends a RADIUS Accounting-Stop message to close the session within the Amigopod
accounting database. This stop message includes the final update of the session statistics.
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Captive Portal Authentication | 11
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Chapter 3: ArubaOS Configuration
Three phases make up the configuration of the ArubaOS controller to support external captive portal
based authentication leveraging the RADIUS protocol:
1. Base RADIUS configuration
2. Captive portal configuration
3. Enabling captive portal on existing guest WLAN
Figure 3 summarizes the steps covered in this chapter to successfully complete the ArubaOS
configuration that is needed to integrate with the Amigopod external captive portal and RADIUS
server.
Create Captive Portal
Profile
Create Server Group
RADIUS
Config
Create RFC 3576
Server
Configure Captive
Portal Authentication
Modify initial role for
Captive Portal
Enable
Captive
Portal
Verify Guest Virtual AP
Captive
Portal
Config
Modify AAA Profile
arun_0541
Create RADIUS Server
Create PEF policy
allow Amigopod
Figure 3
Workflow for ArubaOS configuration
Creating a RADIUS Server Instance
For the Aruba controller to successfully authenticate the guest users that will be provisioned on the
Amigopod system, a RADIUS definition must be defined on the controller.
The RADIUS server definition requires that the following fields be configured:
 Host should be configured to the Amigopod IP address.
 Key is the shared secret that is needed to secure RADIUS communications.
 Amigopod uses the default ports of 1812 for authentication and 1813 for accounting.
 The default Retransmit and Timeout value are adequate for most installs
The following configuration must be performed on the master controller. This RADIUS definition is then
replicated to all local controllers. In a standalone controller deployment, this RADIUS server instance
must be created on each controller individually.
NOTE
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Do not set the NAS ID or NAS IP now. You will configure the NAS ID and NAS
IP on each controller in the next step.
ArubaOS Configuration | 12
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Adding a RADIUS Server
aaa authentication-server radius "Amigopod"
host 10.169.130.50
key *******
Figure 4
NOTE
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Adding a RADIUS server
Ensure that the key is recorded, because you will need this shared secret for a
later step in the Amigopod configuration. For security purposes, each NAS
should have its own key.
ArubaOS Configuration | 13
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Modify NAS ID for Master Local Deployments
In an Aruba master local deployment, you must modify the NAS ID of the local controllers to ensure
that the correct identifier is recorded in the RADIUS accounting traffic sourced from each local
controller that is responsible terminating the APs.
In the VRD campus topology, the local controllers are deployed on the 10.169.145.0/24 network
(VLAN 145). This network is used to send the RADIUS transactions toward the Amigopod deployed on
10.169.130.50.
Data center
AirWave
Amigopod
Master
active
Master
standby
File
POS
PBX
RADIUS
Internet
Local
mobility controller
Air monitor
arun_0279
Local
mobility
controller
Based on the VLAN numbering in the VRD Local Controller deployment, the following modifications
are recommended:
 Set the local controller NAS IP to the IP address on VLAN 145.
 Define the source interface for RADIUS traffic to use VLAN 145 also.
These configuration changes must be performed on each local controller using the local interface of
the controller.
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ArubaOS Configuration | 14
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Modify RADIUS Client Settings
ip radius nas-ip 10.169.145.4
ip radius source-interface vlan 145
Figure 5
Modify RADIUS client setting
Add RADIUS Server to a Server Group
A server group must be created to define which authentication server will be referenced during the
authentication of visitor accounts. This server group is then referenced in the subsequent captive
profile configuration.
Make these configurations in the newly created server group definition:
 Select the previously created Amigopod RADIUS server entry.
 The remaining settings for server rules can be left as their defaults.
Aruba Networks, Inc.
ArubaOS Configuration | 15
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Adding a AAA Server Group
aaa server-group "Guest-Amigopod"
auth-server "Amigopod" position 1
Figure 6
Adding a AAA server group
Creating an RFC3576 Server Instance
RFC3576 is an extension to the RADIUS standard that allows for a RADIUS server initiated control of
an established RADIUS AAA session. The two primary functions of the RFC are represented by the
following two messages:
 Disconnect messages: The RADIUS server sends a Disconnect-Request packet to terminate a
user session on a NAS and removes all associated session context. The Disconnect-Request
packet is sent to UDP port 3799 and it identifies the user session to be terminated by inclusion of
the session identification attributes.
 Change of Authorization (CoA) messages: CoA-request packets contain information for
dynamically changing session authorizations. Typically these messages are used to change the
context of the user session. For ArubaOS, this means changing the user role that the current
session is assigned. This feature enables many different business rules, such as bandwidth
throttling after a quota is exceeded.
Configuring an RFC3576 Server
As part of the guest access solution addressed by this guide, Amigopod serves as the RFC3576
server and can perform the disconnect and CoA functions.
Make these configurations in the RFC3576 server definition:
 The name of the RFC3576 server definition must be the IP address of the Amigopod.
 The Key must match the shared secret configuration that was defined for the RADIUS server.
Aruba Networks, Inc.
ArubaOS Configuration | 16
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
RFC3576 Server Configuration
aaa rfc-3576-server "10.169.130.50"
key wireless
Figure 7
Aruba Networks, Inc.
RFC3576 server configuration
ArubaOS Configuration | 17
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Creating a Captive Portal Profile
One of the key features of Amigopod is the ability to host the branded web login or captive portal
pages on the Amigopod appliance. With the captive portal profile, you can configure the login and
optional welcome pages to be hosted by Amigopod.
The captive portal authentication profile also defines several critical components of the working
solution such as the security role that will be used to control visitors that successfully authenticate with
Amigopod. Another component that is defined is that the Amigopod RADIUS server should be
referenced for this authentication traffic via the definition of the previous server group. The captive
portal profile definition is described in Table 3.
Table 3
Captive Portal Profile Fields
Page
Required?
Description
Login Page
Yes
Location of the login page on the server
Default Role
Yes
Post authentication role
Welcome Page
Optional
Post authentication page
Logout Popup
No
Small window to allow the user to log out
Redirect Pause
No
How long the user waits at the welcome page before continuing on to their original
destination
SwitchIP
Optional
The local IP of the controller in a multiswitch environment
In this example, the login and welcome page URLs are configured. In a later step, these URLs will be
defined on the Amigopod as part of the web login configuration. The redirect pause will be shortened
to 3 seconds, and no logout window is needed. The default role will be set to auth-guest.
NOTE
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Based on the local deployment security policy, you must change the default
role of the captive portal profile to a role that includes appropriate firewall
policies.
ArubaOS Configuration | 18
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Captive Portal Profile Configuration
aaa authentication captive-portal "guestnet"
default-role auth-guest
redirect-pause 3
no logout-popup-window
login-page https://10.169.130.50/Aruba_Login.php
welcome-page https://10.169.130.50/Aruba_welcome.php
switchip-in-redirection-url
Figure 8
NOTE
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Captive portal profile configuration
The example captive portal profile shows the use of HTTPS as the protocol for
the redirect URLs for the login and welcome pages. Based on this
configuration, the best practice is to install a trusted server certificate on the
Amigopod and the controller’s web server components of the controller. These
trusted server certificates can be obtained from an internal Certificate Authority,
if present at the customer site, or various public commercial Certificate
Authorities available online. If no trusted server certificate is installed on the
Amigopod and the Aruba controller, the user experience will include some
browser warning messages regarding the untrusted state of the default
certificates. Examples of commercial Certificate Authorities are Verisgn,
Thawte, Entrust, GeoTrust, GoDaddy.
ArubaOS Configuration | 19
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Configure Authentication for Captive Portal Profile
Now that the new captive portal profile has been created, you must select the server group for the
Amigopod RADIUS definition as the authentication source.
Configure the Authentication Source
aaa authentication captive-portal "guestnet"
server-group "Guest-Amigopod"
Figure 9
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Configure the authentication source
ArubaOS Configuration | 20
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Modify the AAA Profile
The AAA profiles define how users are authenticated. The AAA profile determines the user role for
unauthenticated clients (initial role) and the user role to be applied after successful authentication
(default role) based on the authentication type. The AAA profile also defines the server group that is
used for RADIUS accounting and an RFC3576 server if present.
Begin with the existing AAA profile defined as part of the baseline for guest access in the campus VRD
resource. Then modify the guestnet AAA profile as follows:
 The initial role remains as the guest-logon role, but it is modified in the next step to enable the
new captive portal profile.
 (Optionally) Enable RADIUS interim accounting to receive incremental updates on guest access
usage.
 Enable the RADIUS accounting server group to point to the Amigopod.
 Enable the RFC3576 server to point to the Amigopod.
Modify AAA Profile RADIUS Settings
aaa profile "guestnet"
initial-role guest-logon
radius-interim-accounting
radius-accounting "Guest-Amigopod"
Figure 10
Modify AAA profile RADIUS settings
Next enable RFC3576 support for the server group.
Aruba Networks, Inc.
ArubaOS Configuration | 21
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Enable 3576 Support
aaa profile "guestnet"
rfc-3576-server "10.169.130.50"
Figure 11
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Enabling RFC3576 support
ArubaOS Configuration | 22
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Define a Policy to Permit Traffic to Amigopod
A new firewall policy must be created and assigned to the initial role allocated to unauthenticated guest
users to allow the successful redirect to the captive portal page defined on Amigopod.
These policies can be simplified by using the existing network destination alias as defined in the
campus VRD baseline configuration.
Amigopod Netdestination Alias
netdestination Amigopod
host 10.169.130.50
Figure 12
Amigopod netdestination alias
Based on the nature of the captive portal traffic, HTTP and HTTPS traffic are permitted through this
policy to the Amigopod IP address.
Depending on the routing topology in place at each customer environment, Network Address
Translation (NAT) may be used to hide the source address space allocated to guest users. NAT can
be implemented in the following two methods within the ArubaOS controller:
 Source NAT all traffic from the guest VLAN on the controller.
 Source NAT traffic per application through the use of policies in the PEF configuration on the
controller.
Based on these topology and routing decisions, the configuration of the policies to permit the initial
redirect traffic to Amigopod will change slightly.
Source NAT on VLAN
If you are performing a source NAT on the VLAN, use this configuration.
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ArubaOS Configuration | 23
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Example of Source NAT on VLAN
ip access-list session "amigopod"
alias "user" alias "Amigopod" "svc-http" permit queue low
alias "user" alias "Amigopod" "svc-https" permit queue low
Figure 13
Amigopod access – source NAT on VLAN example
Source NAT per Application
If you are using application-based source NAT, use this configuration.
Example of Source NAT per Application Policy
ip access-list session "amigopod"
alias "user" alias "Amigopod" "svc-http" src-nat queue low
alias "user" alias "Amigopod" "svc-https" src-nat queue low
Figure 14
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Example of source NAT per application policy
ArubaOS Configuration | 24
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Enable Captive Portal on Initial Role of Captive Portal Profile
In the previous step, the initial role for this captive portal authentication configuration is configured as
guest-logon. This role must be modified to enable the newly created Amigopod captive portal profile.
If you forget this step, the captive portal is not triggered when a new guest connects to the guest Wi-Fi
SSID. Also, the amigopod policy must be added to the initial role to ensure that traffic from the
unauthenticated guest users can be redirected successfully to the Amigopod web login page.
If these policies are not in place, the controller attempts to redirect the browser session to the
Amigopod web login URL defined in your captive portal profile. This attempt fails because the default
captiveportal policy is matched for http traffic. The session will consequently be redirected a second,
third, and fourth time, in an endless loop. The result is a “too many redirects” error message or a
browser that keeps flicking between the controller and Amigopod web login URL.
NOTE
The amigopod policy must be placed in position 1 of the access list to ensure
that it is processed first.
Captive Portal Logon Role Configuration
user-role "guest-logon"
access-list session "amigopod" position 1
access-list session "captiveportal" position 2
access-list session "guest-logon-access" position 3
access-list session "block-internal-access" position 4
access-list session "v6-logon-control" position 5
access-list session "captiveportal6" position 6
captive-portal "guestnet"
Figure 15
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Captive portal logon role configuration
ArubaOS Configuration | 25
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Verify Virtual AP Configuration
Based on the baseline configuration detailed in the campus VRD resource, the guest virtual AP should
have the appropriate SSID and AAA profile applied.
Virtual AP Configuration
wlan virtual-ap "guestnet"
ssid-profile "guestnet"
aaa-profile "guestnet"
Figure 16
Virtual AP configuration
All the configurations from the previous steps have been applied to the campus VRD baseline, so the
Aruba controller should now be attempting to redirect guest users to the web login page that is hosted
by Amigopod.
The next chapter describes how to set up the corresponding components on the Amigopod
configuration.
Aruba Networks, Inc.
ArubaOS Configuration | 26
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Chapter 4: Amigopod Configuration
Leveraging the baseline configurations in the campus VRD design, this guide assumes that the
Amigopod appliance is installed and available on the network. The reference design has Amigopod
installed on an IP address of 10.169.130.50 and the assumption is that there is Internet access
available to this IP address.
Figure 17 summarizes the steps to successfully mirror the RADIUS and captive portal configurations of
the ArubaOS controller.
Update Amigopod
Plugins
Create RADIUS NAS
Entry for controller
Modify Web Login
Customize User Role
Figure 17
arun_0542
Restore sample
Welcome Page
Amigopod configuration process
Check for Updated Amigopod Plugins
Aruba publishes regular updates for the Amigopod solution via the online software distribution server,
which is accessible from a standard Internet connection via the HTTPS protocol. Each Amigopod
install is identified on the distribution server by a unique key known as a subscription ID, which is
provided at the time of purchase or during an evaluation electronically. The subscription ID is entered
into the Amigopod wizard during the initial installation, which triggers a download of all licensed
software and updates for the individual deployment at hand. A subscription ID is in this format, which
has been modified for illustration purposes:

zdwpmn-xxxxxx-c8cy7b-yyyyyy-x228jr
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Amigopod Configuration | 27
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
A correctly configured subscription ID can be verified by browsing to Amigopod Administrator >
Plugin Manager > Manage Subscriptions as shown in Figure 18.
Figure 18
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Amigopod Subscription Manager
Amigopod Configuration | 28
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
If you click Check for plugin updates, the software update process begins on the Amigopod
appliance. As shown in Figure 19, the system contacts the software distribution server and downloads
any new updates to the Amigopod system, any new licensed plugins, and other licensing updates.
Figure 19
Add new Amigopod plugins
If updates are available, they are listed and can be selected individually for installation. To complete
the installation of any new plugins or updates, click Finish. For the updates to take effect, you must
follow any prompted instruction to restart services after the installation of new or updated plugins.
Plugins must be updated to ensure that Amigopod has downloaded its correct commercial license and
all purchased features have been unlocked and are ready to use.
If an attempt to download the latest plugin fails with the error message shown in Figure 20, the
Amigopod does not have direct access to the Internet.
Figure 20
Plugin server unreachable
To troubleshoot the issue, begin your investigations in these areas:
 Firewall rules
 Upstream proxies (Amigopod support proxy integration under the Administrator > Network
Setup section)
 Correct default gateway for the Amigopod
 DNS resolution for the Amigopod
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Amigopod Configuration | 29
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
A useful diagnostic tool to verify that Amigopod has Internet connectivity via HTTP is available under
Administrator > Network Setup > Network Diagnostics shown in Figure 21.
Figure 21
Amigopod diagnostics
Configure RADIUS NAS for an Aruba Controller
For the Aruba controller to authenticate users, it must be able to communicate with the Amigopod
RADIUS instance. In first step of the Aruba controller configuration, a RADIUS server definition was
defined. This step configures the opposing Amigopod NAS definition for the Aruba controller as seen
in Figure 22. For the RADIUS transactions to be successful, the RADIUS key used in the first Aruba
controller configuration step must be entered exactly the same here.
To add a new RADIUS NAS entry, browse to RADIUS > Network Access Servers and click Create.
Figure 22
Aruba Networks, Inc.
RADIUS NAS servers
Amigopod Configuration | 30
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
The following fields must be configured in the RADIUS NAS definition as seen in Figure 23:
 Name the NAS entry to match the local controller naming convention (need not be present in
DNS).
 Enter IP address of the Aruba controller.



The NAS Type should be set to Aruba Networks (RFC3576 support).
The Shared Secret (called the Key in the first Aruba controller step) must be configured and
confirmed.
Check Create a RADIUS Web Login page for this network access server, which will be used
in the next step. The Aruba Networks presets are used to set up the web login page.
NOTE
Additional RADIUS NAS entries must be created in master local environments
because each local controller sources its own RADIUS client traffic.
Figure 23
Aruba Networks, Inc.
NAS server configuration
Amigopod Configuration | 31
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Click Create NAS Device, and you are prompted to restart the RADIUS server as seen in Figure 24.
You must restart the server, because the RADIUS server within Amigopod rejects any request from
the Aruba controller as unknown until the restart has been performed.
Figure 24
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Restart the RADIUS server
Amigopod Configuration | 32
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Configure Web Login for Captive Portal Authentication
If you clicked Create Web Login in the previous step, a newly created web login page can be seen in
Customization > Web Logins. Figure 25 shows the automatically created web login, but a new one
can be created manually at a later stage.
Figure 25
Automatically generated web login page
The Page Name field defines the URL that is hosted on the Amigopod appliance. For example, in the
Aruba controller configuration chapter of this document, the Login Page entry of the captive portal
profile was defined as the following URL:
https://10.169.130.50/Aruba_login.php
The Page Name field allows the administrator to customize what web page name is published at the
root of the Amigopod web server. Figure 25 shows that the Aruba_login name is defined to match the
configuration of the captive portal profile on the Aruba controller.
You need not include the .php extension because it is appended automatically.
NOTE
The Address field should be set to the IP address of the Aruba controller. That is, this address needs
to be available from the guest client device via the captiveportal policy on the controller.
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Amigopod Configuration | 33
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Alternatively, the switchip variable that is sent as part of the redirect URL can be parsed automatically
and used as the IP address for the web login credential submission. This option should be selected in
multicontroller environments so that the web login page dynamically is aware of which controller the
guest user is currently connected to and therefore which controller must be part of the authentication
transaction.
Here is a sample redirect URL that includes the switchip variable:
https://10.169.130.50/Aruba_login.php?cmd=login&switchip=10.169.130.6&mac=00:21:00:95:61:2
9&ip=10.0.20.58&essid=guestnet&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww%2Egoogle%2Ecom%2F
To make use of the switchip variable, enable Dynamic Address as shown in Figure 25. Additional
security mechanisms have been implemented in the form of white and black lists that allow the
administrator to define valid IP addresses of the controller deployment in their environment. This
additional security measure prevents modification of the redirect URL by individuals that might attempt
to extract user credentials by spoofing the form submission to a device in their control. If the Amigopod
receives a switchip value that does not match the white list, the Amigopod responds to the default
address.
The example in Figure 25 shows that the master and local controllers defined in the campus VRD are
permitted in the white list of valid controller IP addresses.
The web login page now is configured and is ready to be tested against the previous Aruba controller
configurations.
Optional Customization of the Web Login Page
Several Login Form options allow you to override the default login form and labels used to reference
user and password fields. These fields are shown in Figure 26, but typically they do not need to be
changed.
Figure 26
Login Form options
The Pre-Auth Check is required only for advanced configurations where you might need to ensure that
the username and password pair is valid before the RADIUS transaction is initiated from the Aruba
controller. The web login and RADIUS database are hosted on the same appliance, so a query can be
performed locally before a RADIUS transaction is initiated.
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Amigopod Configuration | 34
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
You can enable the display of an Accept Terms & Conditions option on the login page. This option
refers to the default terms and conditions URL defined under Customization > Guest Manager
Settings as seen in Figure 27.
Figure 27
Configuration of terms and conditions
Amigopod Skins and Content Customization
You can leverage the Amigopod skin technology to brand the captive portal that is displayed to the
wireless and wired users. These skins are available as a professional service as a purchasable SKU or
custom and blank skins are available for customers who want to perform their own HTML and CSS
style customization. Figure 28 shows the login page customization screen.
Figure 28
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Login page customization
Amigopod Configuration | 35
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
The Title field allows you to customize the page title that is displayed in the browser. The Header,
Footer, and Login fields allow the administrator to add and modify the displayed text and content
displayed on the web login page. You can choose Insert Content to display content items that have
been uploaded via Customization > Content Manager. You can also choose Insert self-registration
link, which directly inserts the required HTML to display self registration links found under
Customization > Guest Self Registration.
NOTE
The code at the top of the Header HTML field parses the redirect URL from the
Aruba controller. If an authentication error occurs, the controller returns an
error message in the errmsg variable.
You can set a login delay, which pauses the login process at the point where the contents of the Login
Message HTML is displayed. This delay is useful for many reasons. If you need to troubleshoot any
captive portal issues, this delay is a good time to obtain the contents of a view source in the client’s
browser. Alternatively this delay can be used to display additional branding and messaging to the
guest users during the login process.
Web Login Access Lists
The web login page can be configured with access lists to allow or deny specific IP source address
ranges. You can select how you want the web server to behave when responding to an invalid request,
as seen in Figure 29.
Figure 29
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Network Login Access window
Amigopod Configuration | 36
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Configure the RADIUS User Role
The RADIUS user role is a collection of one or many RADIUS standard or vendor-specific attributes
(VSAs). These attributes can be used to signal role-based access control context back to the Aruba
controller as shown in Figure 30.
Figure 30
RADIUS user role definition
The Aruba-User-Role is an example of an Aruba VSA that allows a RADIUS authentication session to
automatically have a user role applied. The example of auth-guest is a user role that is defined as part
of the campus VRD baseline configuration.
Amigopod automatically calculates the available time of a guest session and return this value in the
session-timeout attribute so the controller can manage the termination of the session. For example, if a
guest account was created with a 2-hour expiry, Amigopod returns a session-timeout value of 7200
seconds.
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Amigopod Configuration | 37
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
This RADIUS role is presented as a selection when creating new guest accounts via the Create User
screens of the Amigopod Guest Manager or can be hard coded as a hidden field in the self-registration
pages to ensure that each user session gets managed appropriately on the Aruba controller.
(Optional) Import Sample Welcome Page
As part of the Aruba controller configuration, the captive-portal profile defines a proposed welcome
page of:
https://10.169.130.50/Aruba_welcome.php
This page is not installed by default on the Amigopod system and therefore it must be created if the
installation requires a locally hosted welcome page. Some deployments choose to configure the
welcome page to point towards the corporate public website or other website of interest. But many
customers prefer to leverage the ability of Amigopod to host a welcome page locally and enable
additional user experience options such as:
 Integrated graphical Wi-Fi Logout button.
 Present an option for the guest user to continue to their originally request URL.
 Display information regarding the terms of service.
 Display a summary of session statistics that could optionally include a time or quota countdown.
 Leverage the welcome page as a branding platform for advertising or other information delivery.
To demonstrate some of these deployment options, a backup of a preconfigured sample welcome
page has been made and published for download. This backup file includes all the required graphics
and configuration details to implement several of these additional features.
The backup of a previously created Amigopod web login page is available in zip file with this
document. To install this backup file, browse to Administrator > Backup & Restore > Configuration
Restore.
Figure 31
Restore backup configuration
Enter the download link and click Continue to start the restore process.
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Amigopod Configuration | 38
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Figure 32
Restore welcome page
To restore the customized welcome page, check Restore settings from backup and click Restore
Configuration. When the restore is complete, browse to Customize > Web Logins and verify that the
web login page has been successfully restored to the local deployment, as seen in Figure 33.
Figure 33
Aruba Networks, Inc.
RADIUS Web Logins page
Amigopod Configuration | 39
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
As seen in the Page Name column in Figure 33, this web login page is hosted at the following address:
https://10.169.130.50/Aruba_welcome.php
This URL can be changed to suit each local deployment and the corresponding captive portal profile
on the ArubaOS controller must be modified to match any changes made.
Figure 34 shows the sample welcome page developed for this guide. This welcome page highlights
the following integration points between the Amigopod and ArubaOS controllers:
 Detection of guest user name logged into the Aruba Wi-Fi network
 Ability to display and track usage of each guest session
 Linking to a Terms of Use page or other relevant information to the deployment
 Caching of the guest user’s originally requested URL and providing an option to continue to that
page
 Hosting a Wi-Fi Logout button to allow the guest user to initiate a logout of their session
Figure 34
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Captive portal welcome page
Amigopod Configuration | 40
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
A logout page is also included in the sample backup file. This page is linked to the Wi-Fi Logout button
on the previous welcome page and allows for further messaging to be displayed on the logout page.
As shown in Figure 35, the inclusion of this sample logout page allows for a consistent user experience
and also another opportunity of branding or messaging to the guest Wi-Fi user.
Figure 35
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Logout page
Amigopod Configuration | 41
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Chapter 5: Integration Verification
If you complete the steps in Chapter 3: ArubaOS Configuration and Chapter 4: Amigopod
Configuration, you should have the base configuration for a functioning guest access solution that can
be further customized to suit each local deployment.
The chapter provides some simple verification tests that can be performed to ensure that all the
functional components are in place and are working as expected.
Create a Test Account Within Amigopod Guest Manager
To start testing the guest access functionality, an account must be created in the Amigopod local
database. Accounts can be created through the Amigopod WebUI in many different ways:




Create a single guest account (Guests > Create Account).
Create multiple guest accounts (Guests > Create Multiple).
Import from CSV (Guests > Import Device).
Create a MAC device (Guest > Create Device).
Any of these methods can be used to create the testing accounts. In the example in Figure 36, Create
Multiple has been selected as a quick method to create one or more guest accounts.
Figure 36
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Create an Amigopod guest account
Integration Verification | 42
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
The resulting account is created with random digits for both the username and password as shown in
Figure 37.
Figure 37
Completed guest account
If numeric user credentials will be challenging during your testing phase, these credentials can be
edited easily by clicking the List guest accounts option. Click the newly created guest account to
display the actions that are available for the new account. Click Edit to make changes to the user
credentials.
Figure 38
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Editing a guest account
Integration Verification | 43
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
On the Edit screen, a new username and password can be defined manually to make any level of
repetitive testing easier on the administrator. Click Update Account to display the confirmation page
as shown in Figure 39.
Figure 39
Updated guest account
Testing RADIUS
This section shows how RADIUS transactions with the Amigopod server can be tested to confirm that
the configuration is correct.
Test Basic RADIUS Transactions
Diagnostic RADIUS transactions can be initiated from the controller from either the WebUI or the CLI
as shown.
Testing the AAA Server
(LC1-Sunnyvale-6000) #aaa test-server mschapv2 Amigopod aruba-guest **********
Authentication Successful
Figure 40
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Testing the AAA server
Integration Verification | 44
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
On the Amigopod side, you can also look at the end of the RADIUS log to verify that the transactions
are executing on that side.
Figure 41
RADIUS log tail
If you experience any issues with the authentication process, the RADIUS debugger can be enabled
from this page for more detailed analysis.
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Integration Verification | 45
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Test Login and Verify Successful RADIUS Transaction
Now that everything is set up on the Amigopod and the Aruba controller, attempt to connect a test
wireless or wired client to the network. The session should be redirected successfully to the Amigopod
web login page.
Figure 42
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Amigopod portal Page
Integration Verification | 46
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
After you enter the test user account credentials and click Log In, a successful end-to-end RADIUS
transaction should be the result. You can verify by referring to the end of the RADIUS log as shown in
Figure 43. Note that the client MAC address is now visible in the RADIUS log entry because it was
driven by the captive portal authentication process on the controller.
Figure 43
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Successful RADIUS log entry on Amigopod
Integration Verification | 47
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Check that RADIUS Accounting is Working as Expected
If RADIUS accounting traffic is not being received by Amigopod, you will not find a corresponding entry
in the Guests > Active Sessions page shown in Figure 44.
Given the Interim Accounting support in ArubaOS 6.1, this page displays live traffic statistics based on
these updates.
If you also have configured RFC 3576 on your Aruba controller, you can click any active session and
click Disconnect to terminate that session on the Aruba controller. The user is returned to the initial
role that corresponds to the configured AAA profile.
Figure 44
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Amigopod Active Sessions displays RADIUS accounting data
Integration Verification | 48
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Chapter 6: Troubleshooting Tips
This chapter provides basic troubleshooting steps to use for specific issues.
If the test device is not being redirected to the Amigopod captive portal:
 Check the DNS resolution because the client will not be redirected if it cannot resolve the initially
requested webpage. Command line tools such as nslookup and ping can be used.
 Check the initial role that is assigned to the guest AAA profile and ensure that traffic is permitted
to the Amigopod IP address for the redirect via HTTP or HTTPS via an appropriate policy.
 Verify that the Amigopod has a route back to the address space of the test client. Look at how
NAT and the default gateway of Amigopod are referenced as part of your troubleshooting steps.
If the login process stalls and the logs show that no RADIUS request was received from the Aruba
controller:


Check the web login page and ensure that the correct IP address for controller is configured.
Check the captive portal policy and ensure that traffic is permitted to the configured IP address
of the controller.
If you receive an error message in the RADIUS logs about an unknown client:
 Check the RADIUS NAS list and ensure that it has an entry that matches the IP address listed in
the error message. The Aruba controller may be using loopback instead of the interface address
as source for RADIUS traffic.


Make sure you restarted the RADIUS server after you added the new RADIUS NAS entry for the
Aruba controller.
Run test RADIUS authentication from the Aruba controller to ensure basic connectivity using
UDP 1812 / 1813.
If you receive an error message in the RADIUS logs about an incorrect login:
 Check that the username and password has been entered correctly. Reset the password if
necessary.
 Check that the shared secrets are the same on the Amigopod and ArubaOS. Reset the keys on
both ends to be sure.

Run RADIUS debugger on Amigopod for deeper analysis of the transaction.
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Troubleshooting Tips | 49
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Appendix A: Contacting Aruba Networks
Contacting Aruba Networks
Web Site Support
Main Site
http://www.arubanetworks.com
Support Site
https://support.arubanetworks.com
Software Licensing Site
https://licensing.arubanetworks.com/login.php
Wireless Security Incident
Response Team (WSIRT)
http://www.arubanetworks.com/support/wsirt.php
Support Emails
Americas and APAC
support@arubanetworks.com
EMEA
emea_support@arubanetworks.com
WSIRT Email
Please email details of any security
problem found in an Aruba product.
wsirt@arubanetworks.com
Validated Reference Design Contact and User Forum
Validated Reference Designs
http://www.arubanetworks.com/vrd
VRD Contact Email
referencedesign@arubanetworks.com
AirHeads Online User Forum
http://airheads.arubanetworks.com
Telephone Support
Aruba Corporate
+1 (408) 227-4500
FAX
+1 (408) 227-4550
Support
 United States
+1-800-WI-FI-LAN (800-943-4526)
 Universal Free Phone Service Numbers (UIFN):

Australia
Reach: 1300 4 ARUBA (27822)

United States
1 800 9434526
1 650 3856589

Canada
1 800 9434526
1 650 3856589

United Kingdom
BT: 0 825 494 34526
MCL: 0 825 494 34526
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Contacting Aruba Networks | 50
Amigopod and ArubaOS Integration
Application Note
Telephone Support
 Universal Free Phone Service Numbers (UIFN):

Japan
IDC: 10 810 494 34526 * Select fixed phones
IDC: 0061 010 812 494 34526 * Any fixed, mobile & payphone
KDD: 10 813 494 34526 * Select fixed phones
JT: 10 815 494 34526 * Select fixed phones
JT: 0041 010 816 494 34526 * Any fixed, mobile & payphone

Korea
DACOM: 2 819 494 34526
KT: 1 820 494 34526
ONSE: 8 821 494 34526

Singapore
Singapore Telecom: 1 822 494 34526

Taiwan (U)
CHT-I: 0 824 494 34526

Belgium
Belgacom: 0 827 494 34526

Israel
Bezeq: 14 807 494 34526
Barack ITC: 13 808 494 34526

Ireland
EIRCOM: 0 806 494 34526

Hong Kong
HKTI: 1 805 494 34526

Germany
Deutsche Telkom: 0 804 494 34526

France
France Telecom: 0 803 494 34526

China (P)
China Telecom South: 0 801 494 34526
China Netcom Group: 0 802 494 34526

Saudi Arabia
800 8445708

UAE
800 04416077

Egypt
2510-0200 8885177267 * within Cairo
02-2510-0200 8885177267 * outside Cairo

India
91 044 66768150
Aruba Networks, Inc.
Contacting Aruba Networks | 51
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