The Krasnogorsk-3 Operating Instructions

The Krasnogorsk-3 Operating Instructions
The Krasnogorsk-3
Operating Instructions
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NCS Products, New York, New York
1-888-333-1666 / 718-969-0565
Krasnogorsk-3 Owner’s Manual
[6] View Finder
[7] Light Meter FPS Dial
[8] Light Meter Power Switch
[9] Light Meter ASA/ISO Knob
[10] Pistol Grip
[11] Lens Focus
[12] F-Stop Adjustment
[13] Trigger
[14] Speed Control
[15] Winding Handle
[16] Film Cutter
[17] Feed Spindle
[18] Footage Counter Arm
[19] Footage Counter
[20] Take-Up Spindle
[21] Single-Frame Release Hole
[22] Magazine Cover Release
[23] Film Guide
[24] Main Sprocket
[25] Release Pin
[26] Front Assembly
[29] Film Gate
© 2000 NCS Products rev 2.00
Page 2 of 6
Krasnogorsk-3 Owner’s Manual
Congratulations on your purchase of one of the best things ever made in the USSR, the
Krasnogorsk-3 motion picture camera! Built as rugged as a T-72 Tank, and as precise as the
MIR space station, the K-3 will give you many years of reliable use. Refer to the diagrams on the
previous page and take a few minutes to familiarize yourself with the controls and mechanism of
the camera. We’ve included a short length of 16mm film you can use to practice loading.
Select a clean dust-free area that is not exposed to direct sunlight,
Wind the camera a few times using the winding handle.
Adjust the camera speed control knob to 8 frames-per-second,
Flipping the camera over so that the lens is pointed to your left, open the magazine cover to
expose the interior of the camera. Place the cover down gently and try not to get it dirty.
Remove any empty daylight reels from the camera.
Spray a burst of compressed air into the magazine to blow away any dust or debris. Check
the film gate by opening it slightly (or removing it). [To remove the film gate push it open to
its widest and gently pull it upwards.] If the gate does not appear to have any hairs or dust
accumulated don't clean it! If it is dirty use a Q-tip or orange wood stick to clean it. You
should never clean the gate with compressed air as some types can leave a harmful residue
on the lens or mirror elements.
Unpack your unexposed film. Unroll approximately 18 inches of film and place the roll on the
top spindle of the magazine so that the film comes off the bottom of the roll. Remember to
push the footage counter arm aside when placing the film on the spindle.
Place the end of the film into the feed side (top) of the sprocket assembly. If the end of the
film is jagged use scissors or the film cutter located inside the magazine to trim it straight.
Slowly feed the film into the sprocket assembly by pressing the trigger on the front of the
camera. Watch the film carefully, if it starts to jam push, pull, or guide the film as necessary
through the camera until it has emerged from the take up side of the sprocket assembly.
The film should be pressed against the plastic guides located at the top and bottom of the
gate (this is your film loop). If the film has pulled away try to adjust it to the proper size by
gently pulling film into the loop from the feed side of the sprocket assembly. You can open
the sprocket assembly on the feed or take-up side to make adjusting the loop easier by lifting
the smooth round pin (#25 in diagram) on the bottom or top of the assembly.
Run some film (at least two feet) and make sure the film is running through the camera
properly. If running properly the film will emerge without scratches or ripped sprocket holes
from the take up side of the sprocket assembly.
Wind the excess film around an empty daylight reel by turning the reel in a clockwise
direction. Then place the reel onto the take up spindle making sure that there is not an
excess of film between the sprocket assembly and the take up reel.
Replace the cover onto the magazine and make sure that the cover has locked into place.
You are ready to film! If you hear a sudden change of sound from the magazine while filming
it may be a good idea to check on it. Opening the camera in the middle of a roll will only
expose approximately four to eight feet of film (if daylight spools are used). If your camera
should for some reason jam, try to adjust the film so that it runs smoothly. In the event you
have to rip the film to free it either remove the original take up real and start another by
following the loading sequence, or splice the film back together but make sure you make a
note of the film break for the lab.
The spring motor uses a governor to maintain a constant film speed from the beginning of a shot
until the spring has wound out. To wind the spring use the winding lever located on the side of
the camera. Lift the handle into a vertical position and turn it counter-clockwise. Wind the
camera as much as needed or until the lever encounters resistance.
© 2000 NCS Products rev 2.00
Page 3 of 6
Krasnogorsk-3 Owner’s Manual
WIND GENTLY and DO NOT OVER-WIND THE CAMERA. The camera will run for
approximately 25 seconds when wound up completely and set at 24 fps. At higher speeds the
camera will run for less time.
The K-3 has a variable speed control which allows the user to film at any speed between
approximately 8 and 48 frames per second. Camera speeds in excess of 48 and less than 8
frames per second are also possible, but difficult to determine accurately. To change the
camera's speed simply turn the speed control to the appropriate setting. Normal speed is 24 fps,
lower speeds create speeded up motion and faster speeds create slow motion. DO NOT RUN
The shutter speed is dependant on the filming speed. Refer to the chart below.
Filming Speed (fps)
(single frame)
Shutter Speed
The camera can be adjusted so that a person with other than 20/20 vision can use the camera
without glasses. To do this you must adjust the camera's viewfinder (also called a diopter) to
your eye. You first must loosen the small screw above the view finder. Then focus the camera on
infinity, open the lens to F-1.9, and point the camera at a bright object. Next while looking
through the view finder focus the grain visible in the view finder until it is sharp and clear, by
turning the view finder to the left and right. If you have difficulty focusing on the grain in the view
finder you can remove the lens from the camera by unscrewing it from the body, and then
attempt to focus on the grain. Once the grain has been focused tighten the screw on top of the
view finder to lock the view finder in place.
The Krasnogorsk-3 can shoot one frame at a time for animation or time-lapse. First attach the
included cable release which screws into the small hole at the rear of the camera. By pressing
the cable release the camera will only shoot one frame of film until the cable release is pressed
again. Adjusting the speed control will adjust the shutter speed of the camera as it does during
normal filming. Cover the view finder when shooting single-frame, or light may enter into the
camera and fog the film. The cap from a 35mm film canister is a perfect fit (pull off the rubber
eyepiece and snap on the cap). Also, cap the lens between exposures if the time between
exposures is greater then 10-20 seconds. What you set the speed control dial to doesn’t make a
difference in the single-frame shutter speed (about 1/30 sec). It’s best to just leave it at 24.
The K-3 comes with five filters, a neutral density, a diopter, a ultra violet (haze), and two yellow
filters. The filters can be used by simply screwing them into the front of the lens (the sunshade
must be removed). The filters should be cleaned with lens paper prior to attachment. One filter
or a combination of filters can be used to achieve the desired effect. Remember that in using any
of the filters (except the UV) you will be decreasing the amount of light entering into the camera
so you must compensate.
© 2000 NCS Products rev 2.00
Page 4 of 6
Krasnogorsk-3 Owner’s Manual
Ultra Violet (or haze): This filter is used with color film stocks to compensate for the bluish
tint ultra violet light can cause when shooting outside. It can be left on with black and white
film to protect the lens.
Neutral Density: This filter is used when shooting on very bright days to reduce the amount
of light entering the lens by four stops. The filter does not change the image recorded by the
camera in any other way.
+2 Diopter: Use this filter to film extremely small objects, or to zoom in like a macro lens.
The filter acts to halve the minimum focusing distance from an object.
Light Yellow 1.4: This is used in black and white filming to darken the sky or other blue
objects in the scene.
Dark Yellow 2.0: This filter will make the sky or other blue objects darker and add to contrast
in black and white filming.
The built-in footage counter works automatically when the camera cover is shut. The counter
reads the footage remaining on your film roll in five meter increments. When fully loaded the
counter will read 30 and when empty, 0. A standard 100 foot daylight load will read 30 when
unused, 15 when 50 feet remains, and 0 when empty.
If you purchased your K-3 from NCS Products, you will have received a lightmeter battery
adapter which allows the use of a standard zinc-air cell (“hearing aid” battery) with the camera.
The adapter and battery will be installed in the lightmeter battery compartment underneath the
camera (see illustration above).
On the side of the camera where the winding lever and speed control are located you will notice
another dial/selector. This dial is used to adjust the light meter. First, you must determine what
speed you will be filming at with the speed control. Next adjust the light meter dial by matching
the correct ASA/ISO rating of your film (the innermost set of numbers on the dial) with your film
speed which is represented by the outermost set of numbers in frames per second. For example,
if you had loaded 200 ASA film in the camera and are going to shoot at 24 fps, you would line up
the 200 on the inner set of numbers with the 24 on the outer set of numbers by turning the knob
until the 200 was directly above the 24.
The light meter must then be turned on. Do this by turning the screw located in the center of the
light meter control dial 90 degrees in a counter-clockwise direction by pressing and turning with
your finger. Looking through the eye piece you should notice a needle sticking up into the view
finder. When the needle is in the center of the viewfinder (where the notch is located) you have
the correct exposure. When the needle is to the left of the notch you are over-exposed, and
when the needle is to the right, you are under-exposed. By adjusting the F-stop of the lens you
can adjust to the correct exposure. Remember that you must adjust the light meter control dial to
the correct film speed if you hope to get an accurate reading. Don’t forget to turn off the
lightmeter when not in use, or your battery will be drained.
© 2000 NCS Products rev 2.00
Page 5 of 6
Krasnogorsk-3 Owner’s Manual
You will find your Krasnogorsk-3 motion picture camera to be reliable, rugged and capable of
taking many abuses. However, it is also a well constructed precision instrument and care should
be taken to keep it in fine working order. Just follow these simple precautions and you should
receive years if not decades of faithful performance from your camera.
When cleaning the lens, filters, mirror or eye piece use only lens paper and MINIMAL
amounts of cleaning solution.
When cleaning the outside of the camera use only a damp (not wet) cloth with either water or
rubbing alcohol.
When cleaning the interior (magazine) use either compressed air, a dry Q-tip, or a Q-tip
dampened with a minimal amount of rubbing alcohol.
When storing the camera it is important to run the spring out, so that the spring does not
become fatigued.
Keep the camera in a cool dry place away from solvents and areas where the camera can be
subject to rapid temperature changes.
Avoid subjecting the camera to rapid temperature changes. Be especially aware that bringing
a cold camera into a warm, moist environment can cause damaging condensation to form
inside the camera.
Avoid getting the camera wet, and try not to subject the camera to strong shocks when in use
or in transport.
Carefully replace the lens cap after use. Avoid cross-threading the lens cap!
Film Type
Maximum film load
Frame rate
16mm single or double perforation
100 foot daylight load
6-50 fps and single-frame
Lens Thread
Lens Filter Size
Minimum focus
17-69mm F1.9 Zoom
M42x1, “Pentax screw mount”
2 meters/ 6.6 ft (1 meter using diopter)
Viewfinder diopter
Shutter angle
Rotating-mirror reflex
+5 to -4
150 degrees
© 2000 NCS Products rev 2.00
Page 6 of 6
Battery Adapter
This brass adapter will allow the easy
use of a Zinc-Air size 675 battery in
the Krasnogorsk-3 camera.
Place the button cell in the adapter
(the ‘-‘ side goes on top), and install
in the battery holder on the K-3 (the
button cell goes against the pin in the
battery holder).
Zinc-air cells are activated once
removed from their packaging and
exposed to the air (there might be a
plastic pull-tab to pull). Replace every
six months.
If the meter in your K-3 doesn’t
register, it can be because:
The meter is broken.
The battery holder in the K-3 is
broken (there is a spring-loaded
pin which can get “stuck” in the
depressed position—gently push
and pull on it with a pair of
needle-nose pliers and it might
loosen up)
It is very dark.
You haven’t turned it on (rotate
switch on film-speed indicator
March 2000 Revision 1.2
© NCS Products, New York. 1.718.969.0565
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