HOUSING QUALITY STANDARDS (HQS)

HOUSING QUALITY STANDARDS (HQS)
HOUSING QUALITY
STANDARDS (HQS)
Series 5
Electrical Safety
And INSPECTIONS
5.01 ELS
Revised 8-17-06
Electricity is Dangerous
‰ All electrical
repairs should
be made by
licensed
professionals.
‰ Touching any
exposed electrical
wiring can cause
serious injury or
death.
‰ (see dead frog)
5.02 ELS
Term Definitions
„ Switch – A mechanical
control for connecting or
disconnecting the flow of
electrical current.
„ Duplex Outlet – A
location in the electrical
system, where electric
appliances can be
connected to operate.
„ Cover Plates – A plate
designed to enclose an
electrical box for safety.
5.03 FWH
Term Definitions – cont.
„ GFI plug – (also GFCI) Ground
Fault Circuit Interrupter – A very
sensitive electrical outlet that
protects against accidental short
or overload by cutting off
electrical current more quickly
than a standard circuit breaker.
„ GFCI Breaker – A circuit breaker
that does the same thing as a
GFCI plug, but located in the
Main electrical panel.
5.04 ELS
Term Definitions – cont.
„
Open Circuit - the flow of current
(electricity) is interrupted.
„ Short Circuit – the un-intended
connection between two points that
allow current (electricity) to flow.
„ Main Electrical Panel – is the main
distribution center of your house's
electricity. It is filled with circuit
breakers that protect your property
from electrical shorts or overloads
„ Circuit Breaker – A safety device
used to open a circuit if that circuit is
overloaded.
5.05 ELS
Term Definitions – cont.
‰ Junction Box – A metal
or plastic box used to
enclose the connections
of electrical circuits, wires,
splices and cables.
‰ Junction Box Cover
Plate – A plate designed
to enclose an electrical
box for safety.
5.06 ELS
Term Definitions – cont.
‰ Multi-plug Adaptors- are
used to plug multiple
electrical devices into one
outlet or power strip socket.
‰ Piggy Backing – Is the term
commonly used to describe
the use of a multi-plug
adaptor to allow too many
electrical devices to be
plugged into an outlet. (This
practice is very un-safe)
5.07 ELS
Electrical Safety Tips
„ Do not use appliances with frayed or worn power cords or
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„
„
„
5.08 ELS
damaged extension cords.
Do not "piggy back" multiple plugs in to a single outlet.
Use plastic safety covers in all unused electrical outlets.
Radios, hairdryers, shavers, portable lamps or radiators should
not be used near showers, baths or sinks.
Do not use extension cords outside or as permanent wiring.
Avoid using any type of electricity around wet floors.
Electrical appliances that blow fuses, smell hot, feel hot or
spark, should be turned off and be inspected by a licensed
electrician.
Keep lamps/heaters at least 3 ft away from anything that can
melt or catch fire.
Use only bulbs that do not exceed lamp's recommended
wattage.
Do not run extension cords across doorways or under carpets.
Safety Hazards
- Exposed Electrical Connections ‰ Electricity can Kill.
(a cover plate would have
protected this squirrel)
‰ Electricity can cause fires
too.
‰ Keep all electrical
connections away from
personal contact.
‰ Follow all electrical codes to
keep people safe and avoid
property from damage.
5.09 ELS
Electric Hazard
- Exposed Electrical Connections -
‰ The screws on this plug are exposed
and will shock you if you touch them.
‰ All electrical components in a main
electrical panel are dangerous to
touch. A protective panel cover with
no open spaces is required for safety.
5.10 FWH
Electric Hazards
Exposed Electrical Connections
‰ No junction box cover & light dangerously connected.
‰ Broken or empty light sockets can shock if touched by hand or
any conducting item such as a metal broom handle or ladder.
5.11 FWH
Electric Hazards
- Damaged Components ‰
Avoid using damaged plugs,
switches and cover plates to avoid
injury.
‰ Frayed, worn or chewed wiring
can lead to injury or death by
electrical shock or fire.
5.12 ELS
Electric Hazards
- Water Dangers ‰ Water and Electricity do
not mix!
‰ Standing water or even
damp surfaces can conduct
electricity and create a
danger of severe shock or
even death!
‰ Common conductors
‰
‰
‰
5.13 FWH
Standing water
Metal ladder
Corded power tool.
Electric Hazards
- Water Dangers -
‰ Water splash danger!
‰ Outlet, Switch and TV/VCR should not be in tub area.
5.14 FWH
Electric Hazards
- Fragile Components ‰ Danger! –
exposed
electronic parts.
‰ A thermostat does
not have high
voltage wires, but
each of its
components can
be easily
damaged or
broken.
5.15 FWH
Electric Hazards
- Furnace Dangers ‰ No cover on
furnace!
‰ This is a city
Code violation.
‰ Danger of
electrocution.
‰ Danger of getting
burned from
exposed flames.
(if gas furnace)
5.16 FWH
Electric Hazards
- Furnace Dangers ‰ Water, gas and coolant
lines are cut through
supply vent.
‰ This is a city code
violation too.
‰ Very hot air from the
furnace could cause:
‰ A fire or explosion
from a gas leak
‰ A leak in the water
or coolant line.
5.17 FWH
Electric Hazards
- Space Heaters „ Electric space heaters can be
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dangerous.
Do not leave unattended.
Use only while you are in the room.
Keep 3 feet away from anything that
can burn or melt, like plastic, fabric
or wood.
Space heaters are the leading cause
of fires and fire fatalities during
December, January & February.
NFPA 2002, 2005
Portable space heaters can not be
used as sole source of heat in any
room.
„ Buy a model with an automatic tip
over shut off feature.
5.18 FWH
Electric Hazards
- Overloading /Overheating ‰ Overheated
electrical circuits are
dangerous.
‰
‰
They can damage
equipment.
They can cause a
fire by melting or
sparking.
‰ Note the brown color
at the center of the
duct tape. This is
due to overheating.
‰ The motor is working
harder than it is
designed to.
5.19 FWH
Electric Hazards
- Overloading/Overheating Overheated electrical circuits are
dangerous.
They can cause fire by melting or
sparking.
Overheating can be caused by:
‰ Too may electrical items drawing power
from a circuit will overload that circuit.
‰ Wiring is undersized and not designed to
handle the power being used.
Signs of overloading are:
‰ Melted insulation wire.
‰ Blacked areas around outlets, stitches or
motors.
5.20 FWH
Electric Hazards
- Overloading/Misuse „ About 4,000 injuries are associated
with electric extension cords each
year.CPSC (consumer product safety council)
„ Piggy backing of plugs at electrical
outlets is very dangerous.
„ Overloading an outlet creates
excessive heat that can cause a fire.
5.21 FWH
Electric Hazards
- Extension Cords ‰ Worn, cut or otherwise damaged
extension cords can also lead to
electrical shock or house fires.
‰ Replace damaged extension
cords as soon as you are aware
of them.
‰ Use only new or well maintained
extension cords.
‰ Make sure the rating on the
extension cord or wiring can
handle the load you are
planning to place on it.
5.22 FWH
Extension Cord Ratings
Extension cord ratings are stamped or
printed several times along each cord.
This rating tells the maximum load in
Amps the cord can safely use.
Common household electrical devices
and their range of power usage
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A typical label would be: 16AWG
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The 16 refers to the gage size (wire diameter). „
The smaller the gage number the larger the „
power load the extension cord can carry. The „
AWG stands for American Wire Gauge rating „
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system for electrical wiring.
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The chart on the right shows the range of
„
watts used by several commonly used
„
household items. Smaller models will use
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less wattage than larger models.
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Note:
# Amps x 125 Volts = # Watts
„
10 Amps x 125 Volts = 1250 Watts
„
5.23 FWH
Coffee maker
Toaster
Electric griddle
Microwave
Clothes iron
Vacuum cleaner
Hair Dryer
Curling Iron
Electric blanket
Window A/C
Dehumidifier
Portable Fans
Portable Heater
Computer/Printer
Stereo system
Televisions
VCR/DVD player
Satellite system
Power Tools
Water bed
900-1200 watts
800-1400 watts
1500 watts
750-1500 watts
1000-1800 watts
1000-1560 watts
1200-1875 watts
350-1500 watts
60-100 watts
750-1500 watts
786 watts
65-250 watts
750-1500 watts
270-375 watts
70-425 watts
65-200 watts
17-25 watts
360 watts
1000-1800 watts
120-380 watts
Extension Cord Ratings- cont.
To pick the right extension cord for the right job, decide what
appliance(s) you want to plug into the extension cord, then pick
the extension cord that will handle the power load.
Note: Smaller Gage numbers can handle larger power loads.
5.24 FWH
Choosing the Right Extension Cord
Example: You want to plug a dehumidifier into the same extension cord that
your stereo is plugged into.
The dehumidifier uses 786 Watts and your stereo system uses 425 watts; for
a total of 1211 watts.
Looking at the Extension Cord Rating chart, you can use an 18AWG
cord.
If you plug anything else into the cord, you will need to use a higher rated
cord, like a 16AWG or 14AWG, depending on the new power
load total.
For any nicks in the cord, loose ends or serious worn areas, the cord
should be discarded and replaced with a new one.
5.25 FWH
Electrical Danger Notations
on the Deficiency List
‰ Example 1: If the GFI (gfci) outlet does
not work, or the test/reset buttons do
not work in the kitchen, the deficiency
item will look something like this:
‰ Kitchen
2.3 - Repair or replace GFI outlet to
work properly. (o)
5.26 FWH
Electrical Danger Notations
on the Deficiency List
‰ Example 2: If a 110/220 volt wiring
connection is not in a proper junction
box in the basement, the deficiency
item will look something like this:
‰ Basement
4.3 - Place high voltage wiring
connection in proper junction box with
cover. (O)
5.27 FWH
Electrical Danger Notations
on the Deficiency List
‰ Example 3: If the insulation on
110/220 electrical cable is damaged
(cut, broken, severely worn) in the
garage, the deficiency item will look like
this:
‰ Garage
5.3 - Replace damaged high voltage
wire with undamaged wiring. (O)
5.28 FWH
Electrical Danger Notations
on the Deficiency List
‰ Example 4: If the power line coming
into the house is too low, the deficiency
item will look like this:
‰ Building Exterior
6.8 - Raise power line to 8 ft or more
above ground. (O)
Note: 8 ft above the ground or any normal walking
or standing surface such as a deck or patio.
5.29 FWH
HAKC Staff Responsibilities
‰ Conduct HQS inspections.
‰ Initial move in inspections
‰ Annual (yearly) inspections
‰ Complaint inspections.
‰ Critical (tenant safety) inspections
‰ Type & send deficiency list to owner & tenant.
‰ Reschedule failed inspections for 25 to 30 days
‰ Conduct a follow up HQS inspection to verify that
the cited deficiencies have been properly
corrected.
5.30 FWH
Failed Inspections
‰ Any deficiency found in a unit during an inspection,
will cause that unit to fail the inspection.
‰ If the deficiency is not corrected by the 2nd inspection,
or within the HUD specified 30 days, the unit will fail
again and be abated.
‰ If a request for a 3rd inspection is not made within 10
calendar days of 2nd inspection the HAP contract will
be terminated.
‰ A property taken off the program for failed
inspections is not eligible for future contracts with
Section 8 for a period of 12 months, even if the
property is sold or the current tenant moves out.
5.31 FWH
Summary
‰ Repair any deficiencies cited by an HQS
inspection before re-inspection.
‰ To prevent future failed inspections, perform
regular maintenance on the unit to maintain
HQS standards.
5.32 FWH
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