Ethernet Extenders Installation Guide

Ethernet Extenders Installation Guide
Perle Standalone
1 port and 4 port
Ethernet Extenders
Installation Guide
10/100/1000 (Gig)
eX(1/4)S1110 -TB
Part# 5500330-11 (Rev A)
Version: A.
This document contains instructions necessary for the installation
and operation of the Perle Gigabit and 10/100 Ethernet
Extenders. These Ethernet Extenders enable Ethernet
communication across a single pair of copper wires such as 2wire twisted pair telephone wire or coax cable using VDSL2
technology. They extend Ethernet beyond the 328-foot (100meter) limitation up to 3 kilometres (1.86 miles).
Perle Ethernet Extenders are available in 1 port or 4 port models.
Models can be ordered with a RJ45, BNC or Terminal Block
connector and also come in Extended Temperature models (XT).
The default Dip switch settings (all switches in the UP position)
will work for most installations, however it is recommended that
one Ethernet Extender should be configured for Auto Local mode
(Auto CO) and the other Ethernet Extender be configured for
Remote mode (CPE).
These are the steps required to configure a pair of Perle Ethernet
1. Set the Dip switch on each Ethernet Extender. (optional)
2. Connect a Line cable to the port labelled as Line. VDSL
Interfaces for more information).
Connect Ethernet cable(s) to the port(s) labelled as
Connect power to the Ethernet Extenders.
Perle 10/100/1000 Ethernet Extenders
Front Panel Views
Figure 1 - Ethernet Extender 1 Port
Figure 2 - Ethernet Extender 4 port (Extended Temperature)
Perle 10/100/1000 Ethernet Extenders
Dip Switches
The Dip switches are accessible through the opening in the side
of the enclosure.
NOTE: All switch changes take effect immediately and will
result in a link reset on both the Line and the Ethernet
Dip Switch Settings
Auto Local (CO) / Remote (CPE) (Switch 1)
Switch Position
On (Default)
Auto Local
NOTE: Ethernet Extenders work in pairs. One side of the link
must be set to Local / CO and the other end of the link must
be set to Remote / CPE.
Perle 10/100/1000 Ethernet Extenders
Auto Local: This Ethernet extender is set to Auto Local mode of
operation. If both units are set to Auto Local, the Auto Connect
feature will be activated and the two units will automatically
determine their role (Local or Remote) and establish a
connection. It is preferable to set (via this Dip switch) one unit to
Auto Local and one unit to Remote since this may result in
slightly faster training times and direct control over their roles.
Remote: This Ethernet Extender is set to Remote mode of
Rate/Reach (Speed) (Switch 2)
Switch Position
Up (default)
High Speed
High Speed: In this mode, the VDSL connection will be
optimized for speed and the effective bidirectional data rate will
be up to 100 mbps in each direction. This setting also enables
VDSL Fast Mode.
Long Range: In this mode, the VDSL connection will be
optimized for distance and the achievable distance will be up to 3
NOTE: The actual distance and rates may vary depending on
the environment and type/gauge of wire used. There will
always be a compromise betweens speed and range.
For information on hardware specifications, range and reach see
the Perle website at
Symmetric/Asymmetric (Switch 3)
Switch Position
Up (default)
Symmetric: Set this switch to Symmetric if your network data
needs are almost equal for uploads and downloads (both
Perle 10/100/1000 Ethernet Extenders
Asymmetric: Set this switch to Asymmetric if your network data
needs are primarily for downloads. (Data direction is towards the
remote Ethernet Extender).
Signal to Noise Ratio (Switch 4)
Switch Position
Up (default)
This switch is used to configure the Signal to Noise Ratio Margin
(SNR). The Ethernet Extender will attempt to maintain the
desired SNR value by adjusting line settings. A larger dB number
will result in less line errors and a more stable connection, but
may result in slower speeds.
Signal to noise ratio 9dB: This setting is recommended if Rate
(switch 2) has been set to High Speed.
Signal to noise ratio 6dB: This setting is recommended if Rate
(Switch 2) has been set to Long Range.
Line Loopback (Switch 5)
Switch Position
Up (default)
mode off
mode on
Line Loopback Mode off: The Line loopback feature is off. This
is default position for normal operation. The switch must be set to
this position in order for data to pass through the Ethernet
Line Loopback Mode on: This is a test mode. All data received
on the Line connection is internally looped back and
retransmitted back over the Line. This mode will override
Ethernet and Link Mode switch settings.
Ethernet Auto Negotiation (AutoNeg) (Switch 6)
Switch Position
Up (default)
AutoNeg On
Perle 10/100/1000 Ethernet Extenders
AutoNeg Off
NOTE: AutoNeg should only be turned off if fixed settings
are required by the Ethernet copper link partner.
Ethernet AutoNeg On: When enabled, the Ethernet Extender
will negotiate with its link partner to determine the most optimal
parameters for the Ethernet connection(s). The Ethernet
Extender will advertise capabilities of 10,100 (for eX-S110
models) and 10,100,1000 Mbps (for eX-S1110 models), full and
half duplex as well as pause, and remote fault capabilities to the
link partner.
Ethernet AutoNeg Off: When the Auto Negotiation switch is set
to the OFF position, the Ethernet Extender will not negotiate the
Ethernet parameters with the Ethernet link partner. The
parameters used by the Ethernet Extender Module will be
determined by the Ethernet Speed (Switch 7) and Ethernet
Duplex (Switch 8) Dip switch settings.
Ethernet Speed (Switch 7)
Switch Position
Up (default)
100 Mb
10 Mb
Ethernet Speed Up: 100 Mb for all models
Ethernet Speed Down: 10 Mb for all models
Note: When AutoNeg (SW6) is set to Off, the Ethernet
Extender will use this Speed setting for its Ethernet
Ethernet Duplex (Switch 8)
Switch Position
Up (default)
Full Duplex
Half Duplex
Note: When AutoNeg (SW6) is set to Off, the Ethernet
Extender will use this Duplex setting for its Ethernet
Perle 10/100/1000 Ethernet Extenders
Ethernet Duplex Up: Full Duplex mode.
Ethernet Duplex Down: Half Duplex mode.
Link Mode (Switch 9) (1 port models)
Switch Position
Up (default)
Standard Mode
Link Pass-through
Standard Mode: In this mode, the Ethernet Extender will not
pass the state of the Ethernet interface across the Line
connection to its peer. A loss on the Ethernet interface can occur
without affecting the peer connection.
Link Pass-Through: In this mode, the Ethernet Extender will
keep the Ethernet interface in a down state until the VDSL link
comes up. If link is lost on the Ethernet connection, then the peer
Ethernet connection will be brought down by the remote Ethernet
Extender. This is accomplished by signalling Link Pass-Through
across the VDSL line without bringing down the VDSL link.
NOTE: Link Pass-Through will need to be enabled on both
the Local and Remote Ethernet Extender.
Link Pass-Through
If the Ethernet link is broken, its state is reflected on the peer’s
Ethernet link.
Perle 10/100/1000 Ethernet Extenders
Interlink Fault Feedback (Switch 10) (1 port models)
Switch Position
Up (default)
Standard Mode
Interlink Fault Feedback
Standard Mode: The status of the VDSL interface will not be
passed to its Ethernet interface
Interlink Fault Feedback: In this mode the Ethernet Link will
reflect the VDSL status. If the VDSL link is down the Ethernet
Link will be down. If the VDSL link is up the Ethernet Link will be
Interlink Fault Feedback
The 10/100/1000 ports (LNK) on each of the links will be turned
off if the VDSL link is broken.
Connecting to the Ethernet Port
1. Locate 1 Gigabit or 10/100Base-T compliant copper cables
with male, RJ-45 connectors installed at both ends.
2. Connect the RJ-45 cable directly to the RJ-45 port labelled
ETH on the front of the Ethernet Extender. The other end of
this cable can be connected directly to a hub, switch or PC
using a straight through or crossover cable that is less than
328ft in length.
NOTE: The Perle Ethernet Extender supports Auto-MDIX
which allows the use of a straight-through or cross-over
Ethernet cable.
Perle 10/100/1000 Ethernet Extenders
Connecting to the Line Port
Models supplied with RJ45 connector
Connect a RJ-45 or RJ-11 cable directly into the RJ-45 port
labelled as Line on the front of the Ethernet Extender.
Models supplied with a BNC connector
Connect a male BNC cable directly to the port labelled as Line
on the front of the Ethernet Extender.
Models supplied with a Terminal Block Connector
1. Strip insulator sheathing from both wires 5mm (3/16 inch) to
expose copper conductor wire.
2. Loosen the terminal block screws and connect one wire to
the left terminal. Connect the other wire to the right terminal.
Tighten the terminal screws (0.22Nm-0.25Nm torque).
NOTE: Refer to the Technical Specifications section at the
back of this guide for pin/cabling requirements.
Powering up the Ethernet Extender
using the supplied Power Adapter
1. Connect the Perle supplied power adapter to the Ethernet
2. Connect the power adapter to a power source.
3. Check that the PWR LED light is lit.
Terminal Block Connector
1. Ensure the Power Source is off prior to connection.
2. Strip insulator sheathing from both wires 5mm (3/16 inch) to
expose the copper conductor wire.
3. Loosen the terminal block screws and connect Positive (+)
wire to the left terminal. Connect the Negative (-) wire to the
right terminal. Tighten Terminal screws (0.22Nm-0.25Nm
4. Turn on power source.
5. Check that the PWR LED light is lit.
NOTE: Any physical connection to the barrel connector will
disengage the Terminal Block connector. Do not connect
Perle 10/100/1000 Ethernet Extenders
power to the barrel power connector if you want to use
powered Terminal Block.
Attaching the Grounding Lug
If your installation requires additional grounding the following
procedure can be followed.
Grounding the chassis requires the following items:
One grounding lug. (not provided)
One 18-12AWG wire. (not provided)
Cross-head screwdriver (not provided)
1. Attach the grounding lug to one end of an 18-12 AWG wire.
2. Attach the grounding lug to the chassis and secure with the
grounding screw(s).
Note: For your safety, when installing this equipment,
always ensure that the chassis ground connection is
installed first and disconnected last.
Attaching the Power cord strain relief
For extra power cable strain relief, attach the strain clip to the
case as shown below, and thread the power cable through the
clip in either one or two loops.
Perle 10/100/1000 Ethernet Extenders 11
Status LED
Perle Ethernet Extenders have single color status LEDs located
on the front panel of the unit.
On – Power is applied to the unit.
Blinking (slow) – The unit is in
Loopback mode.
Blinking (fast) – The unit has a
hardware failure.
Off – No Power to the unit.
On – Unit is configured for Local
(CO) mode.
Off – Unit is configured for RMT
(CPE) mode.
On – Unit is configured for Remote
(CPE) mode.
Off – Unit is configured for Local
(CO) mode.
Note: In Auto Local mode, the
Ethernet Extenders may switch
roles in order to connect with a
peer. The Local/ Remote LEDs will
reflect the current mode/role.
On – VDSL link is up
Off –VDSL link is down.
Blinking – The link is training
(trying to establish a link) or data
is being received.
ETH (1, 2, 3,4)
On – Link detected.
Off – No Link detected.
Blinking –The Ethernet link is
present and receiving data.
Perle 10/100/1000 Ethernet Extenders
Other Features
Auto-MDIX (automatic medium-dependant interface crossover)
detects the signalling on the 10/100/1000BASE-T interface to
determine the type of cable connected (straight-through or
crossover) and automatically configures the connection.
Packet Size:
The maximum frame size supported is 1522 bytes.
Auto Connect:
If both Perle Ethernet Extenders are configured for Auto Local
mode, a proprietary method of detection is implemented for each
attempt to synchronize the local and remote Perle Ethernet
If unable to get full connectivity with all Dip switches in the UP
position, this procedure is recommended for troubleshooting.
Check Ethernet Connection
1. Ensure Link mode (SW9) and Interlink Fault Feedback
(SW10) are set to the UP position on both Ethernet
Connect the near end device to an Ethernet hub or device
The ETH LED should be lit to indicate a good connection. If
the ETH LED is not lit, then check the Ethernet cable and the
attached device for faults.
Repeat for the far end Ethernet Extender.
Check VDSL Connection
1. The VDSL connection can also be verified by configuring the
Ethernet Extenders for Loopback Mode.
2. Set (SW 5) on one of the Ethernet Extenders to the down
position (loop back mode). Data should pass through the
local Ethernet Extender over the VDSL link to the remote
Ethernet Extender. The ILNK LEDs should be flashing on
both Ethernet Extenders to indicate receive activity.
Perle 10/100/1000 Ethernet Extenders 13
Technical Specifications
Power Input Consumption
9-30V DC
Operating Humidity
5% to 90% non-condensing
Storage Humidity
5% to 95% non-condensing
Operating Altitude
Up to 3,048 m (10,000 ft)
Operating Temperature
0°C to 50°C (32°F to 122°F)
Storage Temperature
-25°C to 70°C (-13°F to 158°F)
Extended Temperature Specifications
Operating Temperature
-40°C to 75°C (-40°F to 167°F)
Storage Temperature
-40°C to 85°C (-40°F to 185°F)
Ethernet Copper Cabling Requirements:
Category 5 UTP or STP
24-22 AWG
Straight through or Ethernet crossover
VDSL Interfaces
RJ-45 Connector
BNC Connector
Perle 10/100/1000 Ethernet Extenders
No connection
No connection
No connection
No connection
No connection
No connection
Block Terminal Connector
Perle 10/100/1000 Ethernet Extenders 15
IEC 60950-1 2
UL 60950-1
EN 55022 / CISPR 22
EN 55024
Warning: If this unit is to be installed in a location where the ambient
temperature exceeds 50C, the case temperature may exceed safe
levels. For this reason, this unit should be installed in a restricted
access location where access can only be gained by service personnel
or users who have been instructed about the reasons for the
restrictions applied to the location and about any precautions that
shall be taken; and access is through the use of a tool or lock and key,
or other means of security, and is controlled by the authority
responsible for the location.
Warranty / Registration
Perle’s standard Lifetime Warranty provides customers with
return to factory repairs for Perle products that fail under the
conditions of the warranty coverage. Details can be found at:
Contacting Technical Support
Contact information for the Perle Technical Assistance Center
(PTAC) can be found at the link below. A Technical Support
Query may be made via this web page.
© 2017 Perle Systems Limited
All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or used in any
form without written permission from Perle Systems.
Perle 10/100/1000 Ethernet Extenders
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