Model: W570

Model: W570
318mm (12 ½”) PORTABLE THICKNESSER
OWNERS MANUAL
Model: W570
Charnwood, Cedar Court, Walker Road, Hilltop Industrial Estate,
Bardon, Leicestershire, LE67 1TU
Tel. 01530 516 926 Fax. 01530 516 929
email: sales@charnwood.net website: www.charnwood.net
GENERAL SAFETY RULES
WARNING: Do not attempt to operate the machine until you have read thoroughly and understood
completely all instructions, rules, etc. contained in this manual. Failure to comply may result in accidents
involving fire, electric shock, or serious personal injury. Keep this owner's manual and review frequently for
continuous safe operation.
1. Know your machine. For your own safety, read the owner's manual carefully. Learn its application and
limitations, as well as specific potential hazards pertinent to this machine.
2. Make sure all tools are properly earthed.
3. Keep guards in place and in working order. If a guard must be removed for maintenance or cleaning,
make sure it is properly replaced before using the machine again.
4. Remove adjusting keys and spanners. Form a habit of checking to see that all keys and adjusting
spanners are removed from the machine before switched it on.
5. Keep your work area clean. Cluttered areas and workbenches increase the chance of an accident.'
6. Do not use in dangerous environments. Do not use power tools in damp or wet locations, or expose
them to rain. Keep work areas well illuminated.
7. Keep children away. All visitors should be kept a safe distance from the work area.
8. Make workshop childproof. Use padlocks, master switches and remove starter keys.
9. Do not force the machine. It will do the job better and be safer at the rate for which it is designed.
10. Use the right tools. Do not force the machine or attachments to do a job for which they are not
designed. Contact the manufacturer or distributor if there is any question about the machine's suitability for
a particular task.
11. Wear proper apparel. Avoid loose clothing, gloves, ties, rings, bracelets, and jewellery which could get
caught in moving parts. Non-slip footwear is recommended. Wear protective hair covering to contain long
hair.
12. Always use safety glasses. Normal spectacles only have impact resistant lenses. They are not safety
glasses.
13. Do not over-reach. Keep proper footing and balance at all times.
14. Maintain the machine in good condition. Keep the machine clean for best and safest performance.
Follow instructions for lubrication and changing accessories.
15. Disconnect the machine from power source before servicing and when changing the blade.
16. Never leave the machine running unattended. Turn the power off. Do not leave the machine until it
comes to a complete stop.
17. Do not use any power tools while under the effects of drugs, alcohol or medication.
18. Always wear a face or dust mask if operation creates a lot of dust and/or chips. Always operate the tool
in a well ventilated area and provide for proper dust removal. Use a suitable dust extractor.
ADDITIONAL RULES FOR PLANER/THICKNESSERS
1. This machine is designed for use with wood. Attempting to plane or thickness any other materials will
result in damage to the machine, potential fire risk and/or health hazards.
2. The machine is designed for indoor use only.
3. Connection to a suitable dust extraction system is highly recommended. If you must use the machine on
its own, you will need to stop it, unplug it from the mains and thoroughly clean it at regular intervals.
Continuing to use the machine when it is clogged with shavings will result in damage to it, potential fire risk
and/or health hazards.
4. The machine should be bolted to a bench or suitable stand.
5. Always hold the work firmly on to the table, using the push pads provided.
6. Never use the thicknesser with the guard and/or dust hood removed.
7.. If thicknessing a long piece of timber, provide additional support at the same height as the table.
8. Switch the machine off and unplug it before removing any debris.
9. Be aware of the possibility of kickback. Never stand directly in line with either the infeed or outfeed
tables. Always stand off to one side of the machine.
10. Do not modify this machine in any way or use it or anything other than its designated purpose. Neither
the manufacturer nor the suppliers will be liable for any damage or injury caused by incorrect assembly,
operation or electrical connection of this machine.
11. Ensure the workpiece is free from nails, screws, stones or any other foreign objects which could
damage the knives.
12. The cutting knives are sharp and can easily cut your hand. Be careful when handling the knives or
cutter head.
13. Allow the cutter head to reach full speed before using.
Risk of injury!
Never reach into
a running cutterblock
Wear Eye
Protection
Wear Ear
Protection
Rating Description
Hobby: Suitable for Weekend DIY'ers and woodworking enthusiasts. Generally lighter weight machines
with lower power ratings and smaller tooling capacities. Typically only ever used by one person for short
periods of time or longer periods of time infrequently. Machinery should be well maintained in a clean, dry
environment such as a home workshop, garage or timber shed. Expected maximum use of 100 hours
annually.
Please Note: Using a product in excess of its rating will void the manufacturer’s free warranty.
Charnwood W570 Specification
Motor (induction)
Maximum Thicknessing Width
Maximum Depth of Cut
Work Table
Table Height (on optional floor stand)
Max Thicknessing Cut
Max Thicknessing Capacity
Feed Speed
Cutter Block diameter
Number of Blades
Cuts per Minute
Cutter Block Rotation
Knives (HSS)
Extractor Outlet O/D – I/D
Dimensions (WxDxH)
Weight
Rating
Warranty
1500w (2hp), 240V 50hz
318mm (12 ½”)
3 mm
690mm x 318mm
700 mm
3mm
153mm (6”)
8 m/min
48mm
2 (HSS)
16,000
8,000 rpm
319mm x 18.2mm x 3.2mm
50/41mm (100/92mm with adapter provided)
550mm x 700mm x 470mm
30kg
Hobby
1 Year
Overview Of W570 Thicknesser
On/Off Switch
Breaker Switch
Stock Rollers
Front Table Extension
Thickness Scale
Carrying Handle
Crank Handle
Rear Table Extension
Thickness Planing
Thickness planing is the sizing of material to a specified thickness whilst creating a smooth surface, parallel
to the opposite side of the board. The art of producing good results is not only good judgement about depth
of cut, but also about the hardness of the timber, its moisture content, straightness, grain direction and
structure. The effects of these factors on the quality of finish can only be learned through experience. When
working with a new type of wood, or one with unusual problems, it is advisable to make test cuts on a scrap
example if available. Make repeat cuts of no more than 3mm until the desired thickness is achieved.
Finish Planing
A smooth finish is best accomplished by taking light cuts (1mm). However there are several other factors
that are important in achieving this. Always feed the timber in a direction that allows the blades to cut with
the grain, which allows the cutter to sever the wood fibres rather than lifting and tearing them. Feeding
against the grain can also cause the knives to lift large chips from the surface of the timber leaving a poor
finish.
Unpacking
All parts are contained in one box.
Please do not dispose of the packaging until you
have fully assembled and tested the machine.
In the unlikely event there is a fault, you will need
to re-use the packaging.
Open the top of the carton and remove the top
polyfoam shell.
Unpack all of the contents and lift the machine
onto a bench.
Lay out the parts and familiarise yourself with
them.
Please read the manual before operating the
machine.
Blade Setting Jig
Hex Keys
Bench Mounting Bolts
Locking Bolt/Washer
Rubber Feet
Owners Manual
Blade Changing Spanner
Crank Handle
Assembling the Thicknesser
Cut and remove the two Zip ties which support
the cutter head/motor assembly during transit.
Fold down the infeed and outfeed tables.
Remove the protective covering from the polished
thicknesser table.
Cut & remove both supporting Zip ties
Fold down front & rear extension tables
Remove protection from table
In turn, support each end of the machine on a 50
to 100mm block of wood
Slide the four rubber feet onto the corners of the
base.
Attach the Crank Handle to the spindle which
protrudes through the top of the machine.
Lock in place with the M6 x 15mm Cap Head Bolt
and Spring Washer using the 5mm Hex Key
provided.
Mounting the Thicknesser
It is recommended that the thicknesser is secured
to a suitable workbench.
Option 1
It can be mounted onto a work bench using four
M8 bolts, nuts and washers of suitable length.
(not provided)
Four holes are provided in the base, one at each
corner.
Foot Mounting Hole.
Option 2
There are threaded mounting holes provided in
the underside of the base of the thicknesser.
The four M8 x 50mm bolts provided can be
passed from below, through appropriate holes in
the bench top.
Tapped Mounting Holes
Option 3
A floor stand is available which provides a
convenient working height for your machine.
The rubber feet should not be fitted when
attaching the thicknesser to the optional floor
stand.
Stock Ref. W570F
Moving the Thicknesser
When moving the thicknesser,
Raise the cutter head to the top position,
Close the two table extensions,
lift using the carrying handles positioned at each
end of the machine.
Always ensure that the power lead is
disconnected before moving.
Connecting To A Dust Extractor
This thicknesser produces large amounts of
shavings, it is essential to use dust extraction.
The extractor port has an outside diameter of
50mm. Alternatively a 100mm hose can be
attached (recommended) using the adapter
provided.
Always start the extractor before beginning the
cut in order to prevent blockages.
Allow the extractor to run for several seconds
after finishing cutting in order to ensure all
shavings are removed from the machine.
When fitting the hose ensure it is routed to the
side of the machine in order to keep it clear of the
workpiece outfeed.
Using the Thicknesser
1) On/Off & Thermal Overload Switches
The switch is spring loaded and will only engage
when a power supply is connected.
When starting the machine, allow the cutter head
to run up to full speed before starting a cut.
On/Off Switch
Circuit Breaker Reset
The motor is fitted with a Thermal Overload
Breaker which will cut-off the motor to prevent
overheating when the machine is being used
heavily. In the event of the breaker tripping, wait
several minutes to allow cooling before pressing
the reset button and restarting the machine.
2) Adjusting The Thickness
The thickness of the finished cut is set by rotating
the crank handle on the top of the thicknesser.
Read off the finished thickness from the scale.
Clockwise to raise the cutter
Anticlockwise to lower the cutter
One rotation of the handle = 2mm adjustment
3) Making A Cut
Adjust the cutter head to the approximate starting
size of the timber. Start the thicknesser and the
extractor. Hold the timber parallel to the infeed
table. Slowly feed the timber into the cutter. Once
the infeed roller makes contact, the timber will be
fed through the cutter. When working with longer
lengths keep a supporting hand on the end of the
timber until it is half way through the machine.
Move position to the outfeed side of the
thicknesser and again support the leading edge
as it comes out of the cutter.
The feed rollers are spring loaded and project
slightly below the cutter. It is therefore possible to
feed timber through without making any cut. If the
timber is rough sawn or particularly uneven, it is
best to start this way and make several passes,
gradually lowering the cutter head.
It is recommended to always start by making a
light planing cut (1mm). The depth of cut can then
be increased to a maximum of 3mm, but
remember that a lighter cut creates a finer finish.
A restrictor bar on the infeed side prevents a cut
of more than 3mm being attempted. If the timber
will not feed, raise the cutter head and try again.
Please Note
Minimum length of timber is 150mm (6”)
Minimum thickness is 5mm (1/4”)
To thickness pieces smaller than the minimum
dimensions, a sledge must be used to carry the
timber through the cutter.
Rollers are built into the top of the thicknesser to
facilitate the passing of workpieces from the back
to the front of the machine when multiple cuts are
required.
Timber placed on top of the machine can be
easily moved by the operator ready for the next
cut.
Fine Tuning
Adjusting The Thickness Scale
The finished dimension scale may need to finely
adjusted before being used.
To adjust the scale:
Plane both sides of a sample board and
accurately measure its thickness.
Compare the measured thickness with the
reading on the Thickness Scale.
If the reading on the scale is incorrect, loosen the
screw which holds the plastic pointer and adjust
accordingly.
Adjusting The Extension Tables & Rollers
The Table Extensions are mounted at the front
and rear of the main table and must be accurately
adjust to ensure correct operation. If they need
adjustment;
Adjusting Bolt
Locking Nut
Raise the cutter head to give clear access to the
tables.
Place a straight edge across the main table and
the extension table. The straight edge should be
in close contact with the full length of the main
table and the roller on the end of the extension
table.
If adjustment is required, loosen the locking nut
then turn the adjusting bolt, on each side of the
table, until the extension table is level.
Adjusting For A Parallel Cut
If the thickness of the finished timber is uneven,
(one side is thicker than the other) the cutter head
requires adjustment.
Measure the thickness of a test piece at each
side to determine the difference in thickness.
Rest the machine on its back to access the bevel
gears.
Bevel Gear (A)
Circlip
Expand the circlip holding Bevel Gear (A) onto
the horizontal shaft and slide circlip and the gear
along the shaft to disengage it from the other
gear.
To make the adjustment; Turn Bevel Gear (B)
Clockwise to increase the finished thickness,
Anticlockwise to decrease the thickness.
One tooth is equal to 0.12mm of thickness.
Re-engage Bevel Gear (A) and replace the circlip.
Complete another test cut to check accuracy and
re-adjust as necessary.
Bevel Gear (B)
Replacing Planer Knives
Removing Used Knives
Ensure the machine is disconnected from the
power supply.
Remove the four bolts holding the chip collection
hood.
Remove the hood and allow it to hang to the side
on the retaining chain.
The cutting edge of the knife is very sharp –
handle with caution to avoid injury.
Retaining Chain
Hex Socket Bolts
Using the 8mm spanner provided, loosen the
Lock Bar and Knife by turning the seven Locking
Screws in a clockwise direction.
The knives are spring loaded and will push out
when all screws are loose.
Remove the knife, the locking bar and two small
springs.
Rotate the cutterblock and repeat for the other
knife.
Locking Screws
Installing New Knives
Place springs (D) into the holes in the bottom of
either end of the slot in the cutterblock.
Fit the Lock Bar (B) complete with Locking
Screws (A) into the slot.
Slide the knife (C) into the slot next to the Lock
Bar as shown in the arrangement drawing.
Lightly tighten the 2 outer Locking Screws (A) so
that knives are held in position but are still able to
move freely against the springs.
Hold the Knife Setting Jig (E) against the
cutterblock, ensuring the new knife is in contact
with the raised part of the Setting Jig. The spring
will hold the knife up against the Jig, thereby
setting the correct height.
Tighten all seven Locking Screws (A) by turning
them anti-clockwise, locking the knife firmly in
place.
WARNING - The knives must be firmly locked in
place to avoid accidents during the operation of
the thicknesser.
Rotate the cutterblock through 180 degrees and
repeat the procedure with the other knife.
Periodic Maintenance
Cleaning
A build-up of sawdust, shavings and other debris can cause your machine to plane inaccurately. Regular
cleaning is essential to ensure good performance. The cutter head slots should be kept free of clinging
matter which will adversely affect cutting efficiency.
Remove resin from the rubber rollers and the tables with a non-flammable solvent.
Replacing The Motor Brushes
The carbon brushes should be regularly inspected. They will eventually need to be replaced when the
blocks have worn down to a length of 7mm. Using a flat screwdriver, unscrew the two black plastic covers
found on either side of the motor. Withdraw the worn brushes and springs then replace them with a new
pair.
Front Brush Housing
Rear Brush Housing
Troubleshooting Guide
Problem/Fault
Machine does not start
Machine runs only when
switch is held in ON position
Machine runs intermittently
Cause
Blown fuse in plug
Loose switch terminal
Faulty switch
Faulty switch
Motor runs but the
cutterblock does not rotate
Motor slows during cut
Worn carbon brushes in
motor
Broken or stretched drive
belt
Depth of cut too great
Chip hood is blocked
Planing knives are blunt
Excessive vibration
Planing knives out of balance
Uneven depth of cut – side to Cutterblock not parallel to
side
table
Knife projection not uniform
Finished thickness does not
Thickness scale incorrectly
match scale
set
Ridges along length of
Knives chipped
workpiece
Motor overheating – breaker Planer knives are blunt
tripped
Cuts are too heavy
Remedy
Replace fuse
Check connections at rear of
switch
Replace switch
Replace switch
Replace motor brushes
Replace the drive belt
Take a shallower cut
Clear the blockage
Replace or sharpen the
knives
Reset the height of the
knives
Adjust cutter head (as shown
in manual)
Reset the knives
Adjust the scale (as shown in
manual)
Replace knives (as shown in
manual)
Replace or sharpen the
knives
Take shallower cuts
W570 Parts Drawing A
W570 Parts List A
Part No.
A01
A03
A05
A07
A09
A11
A13
A15
A17
A19
A21
A23
A25
A27
A29
A31
A33
A35
A37
A39
A41
A43
A45
A47
A49
A51
A55
A57
A59
A61
A63
Description
Hex Socket Head Screw M5 x 30
Dust Collection Hood
Upper Guard
Hex Socket Head Screw M6 x 16
Crank Handle
Handle Guard
Spring Pin 6 x 20
Roller
Cutter head
Knife Spring
Locking Screw
C Clip
Nut
Upper Frame
Plain Washer M4
Chain Guard
C Clip
Hex Socket Head Screw M6 x 20
Chain Sprocket
Spacing Collar
Cross Round Head Screw M5 x 10
Roller Bracket
Cross Round Head Screw M4 x 8
Indication Label
Spring Washer M6
Knife Setting Guide
Screw M5 x 10
Support Base
Washer
Fixed Axis
Part No.
A02
A04
A06
A08
A10
A12
A14
A16
A18
A20
A22
A24
A26
A28
A30
A32
A34
A36
A38
A40
A42
A44
A46
A48
A50
A52
A56
A58
A60
A62
Description
Spring Washer M5
Sponge Piece
Hex Socket Head Screw M8 x 16
Spring Washer M6
Handle Knob
Handle Shaft
Bush
Locking Bar
Double Round End Key 5 x 5 x 10
Knife
Bearing 6203
Cutter head Pulley
Belt 135-J6
Cross Round Head Screw M4 x 8
Pulley Guard
Cross Round Head Screw M5 x 8
Bearing 6202
Self Tapping Screw M6 x 20
Chain
Rubber Roller
Bracket Plate
Bracket Spring
Indicator
Pin
Gauge Rod
E Circlip
Warning Label
Spring Washer M5
Retaining Ring 40
Anti-Kickback Gasket
W570 Parts Drawing B
W570 Parts List B
Part No.
B01
B03
B05
B07
B09
B11
B13
B15
B17
B19
B21
B23
B25
B27
B29
B31
B33
B40
B45
B47
B51
B53
B55
B58
Description
Motor Casing
Plate
Rotor Assembly
Motor Pulley
Carbon Brush
Set Screw M5 x 10
Gear Box
Gear
Bronze Bush
Gear
Bush
Shaft
Double Round End key 4 x 4 x 10
Bearing 6002
Spacing Plate
Switch Plate
Plain Washer M4
Teeth Washer M5
Power Wires
Temperature Control Switch
Cross Head Round Screw M5 x 8
Motor Name Plate
Part No.
B02
B04
B06
B08
B10
B12
B14
B16
B18
B20
B22
B24
B26
B28
B30
B32
B38
B42
B46
B48
B52
B54
B56
Description
Stator Assembly
Self Tapping Screw M5 x 70
Bearing 6201
Bearing
Carbon Brush Cover
Gear Box Cover
Gear Shaft
Double Round End Key 4 x 4 x 8
Gear Shaft
Double Round End Key 3 x 3 x 7
Gear
Bearing 6202
C Clip
Chain Sprocket
Dust Guard Plug
Self Tapping Screw M5 x 50
Cross Round Head Screw M4 x 8
Self Tapping Screw M5 x 60
Positioning Pin
Safety Switch
Temperature Control Wire
Motor Label
W570 Parts Drawing C
W570 Parts List C
Part No.
C01
C03
C05
C07
C09
C11
C13
C15
C17
C19
C21
C23
C25
C27
C29
C31
C33
C35
Description
Left Screw
Bevel Gear
Double Round End Key 4 x 4 x 8
Fixing Piece
Table Extension Bracket
Table Extension Bracket
Depth Scale
Nut M6
Base
Hex Socket Head Screw M8 x 20
Pad
Guide Plate
Double Round End Key 4 x 4 x 8
Hex Socket Head Screw M6 x 10
Bevel Gear
Side Guard
Bush (A)
Carrying Handle
Part No.
C02
C04
C06
C08
C10
C12
C14
C16
C18
C20
C22
C24
C26
C28
C30
C32
C34
C36
Description
Double Round End Key 4 x 4 x 8
E Circlip
Hex Socket Head Screw M6 x 10
Transmission Shaft
Plain Washer M6
Table Extension Roller 20 x 350
Hex Head Screw M6 x 25
Table Extension
Plain Washer 5/16”
Spring Pin 6 x 20
Cross Round Head Screw M6 x 10
Column
Right Screw
Fixing Piece
S Circlip
Cross Round Head Screw M5 x 6
Screw Spring
Cross Round Head Screw
Declaration of Conformity for CE Marking
Charnwood Declare that Woodworking Thicknesser, Model W570
Conforms with the following Directive:
Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC
And further conforms to the machinery example for which the EC type examination Certificate No.
BM 50328304 which has been issued by TUV Rheinland LGA Products GmbH, Tillystrasse 2,
90431, Nurnberg.
I hereby declare that equipment named above has been tested and found to comply with the
relevant sections of the above referenced specifications. The machinery complies with all essential
requirements of the directive.
Signed:
Dated: 31/03/2016
Location: Leicestershire
Richard Cook, Director
Please dispose of packaging for the product in a responsible manner. It is suitable for recycling. Help to
protect the environment, take the packaging to the local amenity tip and place into the appropriate
recycling bin.
Only for EU countries
Do not dispose of electric tools together with household waste material.
In observance of European Directive 2002/96/EC on waste electrical and electronic equipment (EEE)
and its implementation in accordance with national law, electric tools that have reached the end of their
life must be collected separately and returned to an environmentally compatible recycling facility.
Your local refuse amenity will have a separate collection area for EEE goods.
Charnwood, Cedar Court, Walker Road, Hilltop Industrial Estate,
Bardon, Leicestershire, LE67 1TU
Tel. 01530 516 926 Fax. 01530 516 929
email: sales@charnwood.net website: www.charnwood.net
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