January-June 2001 - BD-5

January-June 2001 - BD-5
A quarterly publication by and for BD-5 enthusiasts
January-June 2001
Issue 27-28
Inside this Issue
Expo 2001 Announced
Call For Authors
Combined Issues
Ft Worth Meacham (FTW)
Airport Diagram
A Critique of the BD-5
Concept, Part II
Super BD-5? Jim Bede
Considering Updating the
BD-5 Design
BD-5 Electrical System
EM Aviation’s Riteangle III
AOA System Enters
Vendor Listing
Expo Registration (BC)
BD-5 Expo 2001
The BD-5 Bulletin
Official Publication the BD-5 Network
Juan Jimenez, Director & Editor
Rich Perkins , Founder
PO Box 155293
Ft Worth TX 76155-0293
Expo 2001:
October 27-28,
Meacham Field,
Fort Worth, Texas!
appropriate compensation for the
use of their facilities in the form of a
donation. We will also be providing
coffee and snacks during the
activities, and a Saturday evening
Texas-style BBQ, all included in the
A final decision has been made as to
the location of the BD-5 Expo 2001.
Because of the great time we had
holding the 2000 Expo at the
Vintage Flying Museum in Fort
Worth, Texas, this year we’re going
to do an encore at the same facility!
So, if you missed Chuckie the B-17G
Pathfinder, Jim Bede’s jokes and the
excellent BBQ dinner, here’s your
chance to make up for it! If you
want to see what it’s about, read on!
All in all we hope to provide you a
very interesting and exciting Expo.
See you there and don't forget to
RSVP using the form on the last
page of this issue of the Bulletin.
We have reached an agreement with
the Vintage Flying Museum at Fort
Worth's Meacham International
Airport (FTW) as the location for
this year's Expo. The facility is
located at the south end of the field,
which in itself lies approximately 20
minutes west of DFW airport.
The museum has a huge hangar
facility, and in it they have some
fantastic examples of all kinds of
aircraft, from ultralight surveillance
birds to the famous B-17G, named
after Chuckie Hospers, wife of Doc
Hospers, founders of the museum.
An information sheet accompanies
this edition of the Bulletin. In it you
will find how to get to Meacham,
where to stay and what we’ll do.
This year there will be a registration
fee of $40 for the Expo if paid in
advance, $45 at the entrance (1/2
price for kids under 16). It will be
used to cover the organizational
expenses of the Expo, as well as
provide the Museum with an
Call for Authors
Do you enjoy writing and passing
on information for the enjoyment of
others? Do you have a personal
computer or typewriter? If so, here's
your chance to gain notoriety and
fame in the BD-5 community.
The Bulletin needs authors to write
articles about subjects related to the
BD-5. Some ideas: construction tips,
avionics, electrical systems, flight
test reports, historical tidbits and
just about anything else you can
think of.
Interested? Email Juan Jimenez at
flybd5@hotmail.com or mail your
manuscript to the address listed on
the bottom left hand corner of this
page. You do the writing and Juan
will take care of the editing!
Combined Issues
You will notice that this issue is
numbered 27 and 28. We have
combined much material into one
issue in order to catch up from the
issue 26 delay. However, this issue
counts as one issue for subscription
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January-June 2001
BD-5 Expo 2001
The dates for the BD-5 Expo 2001
will be October 27 and 28, 2001. The
location of the Expo will be the
Vintage Flying Museum, which is
located off the southeast side of
Meacham Airport (FTW) in Fort
Worth, Texas. This location is
perfect for us because it is huge,
centrally located and accessible both
to GA aircraft and close to
Dallas/Fort Worth International
There will be a registration fee
which will include:
Entrance to the Museum
Facilities and Expo areas.
There are literally dozens of hotels
and motels within a 5 mile radius of
Meacham Field. The rates are all
reasonable. Some of the facilities in
the area:
Fairfield Inn, 3701 NE Loop
820, Fort Worth, TX, (817) 2325700, 3.6 mi. (Rates include
breakfast) This is where most
people stayed last year!
Hampton Inn, 4681 Gemini Pl,
Fort Worth, TX, (817) 625-5327 ,
2.2 mi.
Holiday Inn, 2540 Meacham
Blvd, Fort Worth, TX, (817) 6259911, 2.2 mi.
Attendance at all the Speaker
Events and exhibits.
Coffee, donuts and snacks
during the day.
A Texas-style BBQ dinner early
Saturday evening.
The Vintage Flying Museum is
home to an outstanding collection of
warbirds and other types of aircraft,
including Chuckie, an airworthy B17G in excellent condition. A
portion of the proceeds from the
Expo will be donated to the
museum in exchange for the use of
their facilities.
The closest major airport is DallasFort Worth International Airport
(DFW), which is located only a few
miles from Meacham Field. If you
are flying to the Expo in your own
aircraft, Meacham has excellent
runways and facilities, including a
number of prestigious FBO's, and
the control tower is staffed 24 hours
a day. Detailed information about
Meacham Field can be obtained on
the Internet at:
Hilton, 4400 North Fwy, Fort
Worth, TX, (817) 222-0222, 2.3
La Quinta Inn, 4700 North
Fwy, Fort Worth, TX, (817) 2222888, 2.4 mi.
Comfort Inn, 4850 North Fwy
Fort Worth, TX, (817) 834-8001,
2.4 mi.
Best Western Inn, 6700 Fossil
Bluff Dr, Fort Worth, TX, (817)
847-8484, 3.0 mi.
Studioplus, 3261 NE Loop 820,
Fort Worth, TX, (817) 232-1622,
3.1 mi.
Residence Inn, 5801 Sandshell
Dr, Fort Worth, TX, (817) 4391300, 3.1 mi.
Courtyard By Marriott, 3751 NE
Loop 820, Fort Worth, TX, (817)
847-0044, 3.6 mi.
Most of these motels/hotels should
be able to provide you with
transportation to Meacham Field.
Some have shuttle service to and
from DFW Airport, but I suggest
you rent a car if you want to be
On the next page you will find an
airport diagram of Meacham Field.
Find the beginning of Rwy 34R at
the bottom of the diagram. To the
right of it there is an area identified
as "Parking Area" in front of
taxiway "A". The building in black
within the parking area is the
museum's hangar facilities. There
will be plenty of parking space
along the south side of the large
hangar. Please do not block the
hangar doors.
At the time the Bulletin was
produced, the tentative speaker list
is as follows:
James Bede, Bede Corp.
Corky Fornof, "Octopussy" BD5J Stunt Pilot
Gerry Kauth, BD-5 Drive
System Builder
Rich Perkins, Founder, BD-5
Network and BD-5 Bulletin
To RSVP fill out, clip and mail the
coupon on the last page of the
Bulletin with your payment to the
address on the coupon. The preregistration fee is $40 per person,
$20 for children under 16. This fee
includes the Expo presentations,
coffee, snacks and sodas and the
Texas-style BBQ on Saturday
If you are planning on bringing an
aircraft to the Expo, regardless of
whether or not it is a BD-5, or if you
are planning to exhibit a product or
products, there will be no entrance
fee, only a $10 fee to cover the cost
of the dinner. However, you must
let me know prior to October 1st so
that I can plan ahead for your
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The BD-5 Bulletin
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January-June 2001
A Critique of the
BD-5 Concept: Part II
By Seth B. Anderson, EAA's Sport
Aviation Magazine, September 1986
pps. 43-47, Reprinted with permission.
Handling Qualities and Operating
Next, what is the BD-5 really like to
operate and fly? Does it require
exceptional skill to safely operate
this aircraft which appears to be
short-coupled, oversensitive in pitch
and difficult to land because you are
sitting only 12 inches from the
ground? Basically, the answer is no,
although the BD-5 concept has some
peculiarities which require
attention. Some feeling for this
reasoning can be obtained by going
along for a typical flight. My
comments are based on three flights
in the BD-5J at Newton, Kansas, and
over 50 hours in my BD-5B based at
Watsonville, California.
First, do you have your crash helmet
on? I’m a firm believer in head
protection and would never fly in
any small cockpit where your head
is close to the canopy, particularly in
high performance aircraft. After a
routine ground preflight check, the
BD-5B aircraft is pushed to a
location where a short taxi run can
be made to the active runway. Not
only does this provide some needed
exercise (the aircraft only weighs
500 lbs.), but it is necessary to
minimize engine running time on
the ground because of cooling
constraints. For a normal
temperature (75 degrees F) day my
aircraft has only five minutes from
engine startup until coolant
temperatures approach 200 degrees
F – an arbitrary maximum limit for
starting the takeoff run. Ground
cooling can be a problem for any
pusher configuration because
airflow from the propeller is
minimal. Pusher designs with aircooled engines may be more
forgiving because they don’t have
coolant to eject. In addition, on my
aircraft, a large torque load is
applied immediately to the engine
on startup because a high pitch
(48x77) propeller is used. A cooling
fan would ease this operational
problem but was not used because
of the added weight and reduced
cooling duct efficiency. A
controllable pitch propeller would
also alleviate the ground cooling
problem because less torque is
required in the low pitch setting to
develop thrust for taxiing. However,
available models would add almost
25 lbs and cost almost as much as
the original BD-5 kit. At the outset,
ground cooling on my BD-5B may
appear a formidable operational
problem, but in fact, it is only a
slight inconvenience. If incoming
traffic unduly delays takeoff, the
engine can be shut off which
removes the propeller torque load
and the engine immediately starts to
cool by convection and radiation.
Directional control when taxiing is
difficult for the BD-5 configuration
due to the free castering nose wheel
steering, narrow gear and low
rudder effectiveness (no slipstream).
Compared to the BD-5J, the
weathercock tendency is
accentuated in my aircraft by the
addition of a ventral fin (tailskid)
and large side force associated with
the high pitch propeller. A
successful operational technique to
start taxiing in a strong crosswind is
not to fight the weathercock
tendency but rather help the aircraft
around into the wind and use the
built-up rotational energy to rotate
the aircraft through approximately
300 degrees heading change. Power
is added for forward motion as the
aircraft rotates toward the intended
taxi direction.
Take-off techniques are somewhat
different compared to a
conventional GA aircraft (Cessna
150, etc.) First, because of the low
seat height, apparent speed is
accentuated and you think you’re
going 100 mph when the airspeed
indicator shows 50 mph. Second, the
side stick controller requires
adaptation time – what position
should it be held during the takeoff
run – neutral, yes, but where’s
neutral? One of the basic problems
of the BD-5 is rotating for takeoff at
a reasonable speed. The problem is
accentuated at forward CG locations
and by the relatively high thrust line
(about the vertical CG). In addition,
or all pushers there is a lack of
slipstream to increase pitch control
effectiveness. The side stick
controller should be held in an
assumed neutral position with a
relaxed grip until takeoff speed
(roughly 70 mph) is reached. Early
application of nose-up control is not
desirable since the added drag will
increase the takeoff run appreciably.
In assessing takeoff progress, I
concentrate on watching airspeed,
manifold pressure and engine RPM.
If I see 40” Hg and 4,000 RPM and
the engine sounds OK – I go for
liftoff. With ½ flap deflection and
mid-CG location, only a modest pull
force is needed to rotate for liftoff.
Immediately after liftoff, brakes are
applied, gear retracted and engine
power is reduced to 30” Hg.
Although other Honda-powered
BD-5’s have used as much as 60” Hg
and 6,000 RPM for takeoff. (which
essentially doubles the HP), but I
feel more relaxed with lower power
knowing that the engine and drive
system are operating only slightly
above their nominal design limits.
Incidentally, I found the BD-5J
takeoff performance to be
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The BD-5 Bulletin
objectionably poor with takeoff runs
near 3,000 feet because of the low
T/W (about 0.2) available. Even
with a very high pitch propeller, my
Turbo Honda configuration is
airborne in about 1,200 feet.
Although initial acceleration is low,
a marked increase in thrust can be
felt at about 40 MPH when the prop
blade unstalls.
Pitch controllability of the BD-5 is a
safety of flight concern if power is
lost during the takeoff run because a
pitch trim change can place the
aircraft in close proximity to stalling
AOA. This nose-up trim change
with power reduction occurs for any
aircraft (pusher or tractor) if the
thrust line is above the vertical CG.
The trim changes associated with
gradual power changes are
negligible in the BD-5 requiring only
modest forces to maintain a given
attitude. A sudden thrust change
due to a failure in the drive system
or engine stoppage is more serious
because of the rapid pitch dynamics,
characteristic of this short-coupled
(low inertia) configuration. The
pilot’s response is basically not
quick enough to prevent a rapid
increase in AOA and loss of flight
path control can occur if the pilots
fails to maintain a safe stall margin.
[Ed.: All BD-5 pilots should be very
aware of this behavior and be
mentally prepared to compensate
for power loss on every takeoff.
Remember, always fly the aircraft
first and then troubleshoot the
problem.] During one of my early
high speed taxi runs, the aircraft
was lifted off and leveled out at
about 5 feet of altitude. Power was
reduced to idle to land, however,
the engine stopped and sure
enough, even though I was
prepared (mentally) for the pitch
change, the aircraft achieved an
altitude of about 10 feet in a semistalled wing-rocking position.
Fortunately, lateral command in my
aircraft was adequate to make a safe
What about Pilot-Induced
Oscillation (PIO) tendencies
associated in part with adaptation to
the use of the side controller? As
with several well-known US
military jets, PIO is forever lurking
in the background when high
frequency pitch response is basic to
the aircraft design. Throw in some
undesirable mechanical control
characteristics such as high friction,
free motion in the control linkage,
low pitch static stability (rearward
CG position) – and a roller coaster
ride could be experienced on your
first liftoff. I had “flown” the BD-5
simulator in my pre-flight checkout
for the BD-5 jet flights and felt
comfortable with the side stick
controller after about 10 seconds of
pitch control inputs. Even so, I
encountered a slight PIO when I
first flew the BD-5J. The PIO
problem can be “triggered” by
holding the controller too tightly
when pulling the gear lever back
(approx. 20 lbs of pull) for gear
retraction. Not a serious problem if
you merely relax your stick grip
momentarily – after all, it is the pilot
who is inadvertently causing the
oscillation to persist.
Pausing a moment to comment
about the side arm controller used
in the BD-5 – it is excellent. PIO
tendencies are non-existent on my
BD-5B. The well-harmonized pitchroll response is a positive feature
that deserves honorable mention for
the BD-5 designers. The crisp
response and light forces are such
that all one essentially has to do is
“think” about initiating a turn
maneuver and it happens essentially
with no apparent control
displacement. Combine this with the
good forward visibility (no
propeller disc) and you feel like a jet
fighter pilot.
As you explore the aircraft’s
capabilities in climb-out and upand-away flight, one quickly
perceives that although the aircraft
is very responsive to pitch control
inputs, it is also well damped; in
fact, almost deadbeat (a calculated
damping ration of about 0.7). The
phugoid motion is only lightly
damped but easily controlled since
the period is over 30 sec. Stick free
static stability (stick force variation
with airspeed) is positive and quite
satisfactory. Even though only a few
pounds of stick force is needed to
change airspeed over +/- 25 mph,
precise control of airspeed is
possible. Stick fixed stability
(elevator position variations with
airspeed) is also positive, but gives
the impression of being neutral in
that airspeed can be changed with
no perceptible side stick controller
displacement. In a sense, these
“force” stick controller
characteristics are similar to that
used on the General Dynamics F16A fighter.
A word of caution regarding flying
the BD-5 with even small amounts
of negative stability – it could be
catastrophic! Although many types
of aircraft have been flown
successfully with negative pitch
stability, exceptional pilot skill is
required and the oscillatory period
(time to double pitch attitude) must
be relatively long. The BD-5 would
be essentially uncontrollable if
flown at negative static margins
because its short period frequency
response and small “apparent mass”
make it too responsive. Even with
the CG located within the nominal
limits, adding a VOR antenna near
the nose of the fuselage will
deteriorate pitch stability to an
unstable mode. In the same note, a
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January-June 2001
high pitch propeller greatly
improves static stability because of
the added side force. At the same
CG position, the BD-5J is less stable
than the BD-5B.
Pitch trim changes due to gear of
flap actuation are relatively small in
an aerodynamic but not in a piloteffort sense. The cleverly designed
gear actuation system is completely
mechanical, requiring the pilot to
use the inertia of the gear to counter
the aerodynamic loads. However, to
assure full extension or retraction,
the gear handle must be moved
briskly, requiring an initial
“breakaway” force of 20 to 25 lbs.
This gear actuation technique,
although acceptable, is different and
requires some experience to feel
Maneuvering flight characteristics
are excellent because of the quick
response and low stick forces
required. The aircraft is stable
throughout the load factor range
with increasing pull forces required
to increase G in the linear
relationship. These carefree
maneuvering characteristics were
not completely without fault,
however, as noted in the following
incident. During a photo flight, I
was overtaking the photo aircraft (a
Cessna 175) at a high rate of closure.
I elected to reposition and reduce
speed by executing a quick 360
degree turn. I banked sharply and
abruptly applied back pressure –
instantly all reality with the outside
world disappeared and I “woke up”
in a slightly banked, nose down
attitude. I glanced at the G-meter
which indicated slightly over 3 G’s. I
thought, “What’s going on here… I
know I’m getting old, but…” There
was no narrowing of field of vision,
no gray-out – just instant loss of
consciousness. The next day, an
article in Aviation Week discussed a
new phenomenon known as GLC
(loss of consciousness due to G)
which had been experienced by
fighter pilots in highly
maneuverable aircraft such as the
McDonnell Douglas F-15 and the
General Dynamics F-16. The loss of
consciousness was attributed to the
rapid G onset without cues such as
out-out or blackout which occur
when G’s are applied slowly. The
next week I flew the BD-5 in turning
maneuvers and noted that I could
go to about 3.5 G’s before some
narrowing of vision occurred. In
these turns I tightened my stomach
muscles and applied the G load
gradually. However, when G’s were
applied rapidly, GLC effects set in
as previously noted. Apparently the
BD-5 with its inherent quick pitch
response and low stick force
gradient (approx. 2 lbs/G) was
capable of simulating a basic
problem encountered with some
digitally controlled fly-by-wire
fighter aircraft. I wondered if some
of the unexplained stall/spin BD-5
accidents could have resulted in
part from the GLC phenomenon. I
wouldn’t suggest increasing the
stick force gradient, but rather warn
other “ordinary” BD-5 pilots of this
Lateral/directional stability and
control characteristics of the BD-5
are straightforward with no
surprises. Due to the short tail
length and highly swept vertical
surface (low lift curve slope),
directional stability and control are
relatively low. Excess aileron
authority is always available in
sideslip even at maximum rudder
deflection which in effect could limit
crosswind operation. Oscillations of
the Dutch Roll mode were slightly
damped with yawing motion
predominating in the BD-5J. These
lateral/directional oscillations are
most bothersome in landing
approach in gusty air. The very light
rudder forces make it difficult to
damp the rough-air-induced yaw
oscillations. A noticeable
improvement in Dutch Roll
damping was noted with my BD-5
due to the addition of the ventral fin
and a large side force associated
with the high pitch propeller.
The spiral mode showed neutral
stability (satisfactory behavior) over
the speed range. Checking spiral
stability in the BD-5 (as in all
aircraft) requires proper trim
characteristics, i.e. the aircraft flown
wings level with controls free. Right
wing heaviness was quite noticeable
in early flights with my aircraft even
though I had built the wings, tail
and fuselage with hard tooling.
Bending the ground adjustable
aileron trim tab helped some but not
enough at the higher airspeeds.
When a six-inch yaw yarn was
placed on the windshield, an
appreciable sideslip was noticeable
over the speed range. Symmetry
was restored by bending the trailing
edge of the rudder slightly and the
wing heaviness problems
disappeared. The aileron trim tab
wash was reset to zero deflection.
Apparently, the vertical fin was
slightly misaligned. [Ed.: This is
one of the reasons why I continue
to insist that builders use thirdparty jig alignment and drilling
Roll control characteristics are
satisfactory with the side controller.
Only light forces are required over
the speed range and control
harmony (deflections and forces
between pitch and roll) are
considered excellent. Adverse yaw
is noticeable only at low airspeeds.
Abrupt coordinated (ball-in-center)
rolls are somewhat difficult to
execute due to a tendency to apply
too much rudder because of the
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The BD-5 Bulletin
light rudder forces. At high speeds
(above 200 MPH IAS) a reduction of
aileron control effectiveness is quite
noticeable due to twist of the
aluminum torque tubes which link
the controller to the ailerons.
The low drag of the BD-5 becomes
apparent in attempting to slow
down for the landing pattern. Many
people have the impression that the
BD-5, being small and compact,
would glide like the proverbial brick
if power were lost. Quite the
opposite – in the cruise
configuration Lift/Drag (L/D) is
relatively high (about 15) [Ed.: This
means that the aircraft will glide 15
feet of horizontal distance for
every foot of vertical altitude, but
this applies only to the BD-5B with
the 21 foot wingspan.] Power-off
landings are relatively easy to make
once the pilot has learned to judge
the effects of gear and flap position
on the flight path angle. In the BD5J, a thrust attenuator is needed to
get to gear-down speeds. Little trim
change results and this in-flight
“thrust reverser” provides
additional flight path control. It is
very important, however, to
reposition it for forward flight when
starting down for the landing
approach, otherwise excessive sink
rates would occur. Increasing engine
power to reduce sink rate (an
intuitive pilot reaction) would, in
fact, only increase rate of descent
and give the pilot the impression
that he had lost engine power.
Approach speed on finals for the
BD-5B is 80 MPH and touchdown
about 70 MPH. Landing approach
and touchdown are not difficult to
execute in either the BD-5J or BD-5B
after you have conditioned yourself
to the pitch response and close
proximity of the ground at
touchdown. Too high an airspeed
(nose-low touchdowns) can cause
the nose wheel to retract
unintentionally if the ground drag
forces are large. Taxiing in with the
BD-5B is different, it is necessary to
taxi in at relatively high speeds (up
to 40 MPH) when conditions permit,
to provide cooling flow through the
radiator. Otherwise the engine may
have to be shut down to avoid
excessive coolant temperatures.
about 0.9 x 105 at landing speeds.
This scale effect is not in itself a
serious deficiency, resulting in only
a modest (5-7 MPH) increase in
takeoff and landing speeds. What is
important are some adverse
characteristics of the wing flow
behavior at high AOA which are
discussed next.
Stall Warning and Stall
BD-5J Stall Characteristics
This area is undoubtedly the most
important from a safety standpoint
for this aircraft concept and a more
lengthy discussion is appropriate.
Many BD-5 aircraft builders may
not be aware that over 80% of the
accidents that have occurred with
the BD-5 are due to stall/spin. NTSB
records show that the typical BD-5
stall/spin situation occurs at too low
an altitude for recovery. The
situation arises insidiously, the pilot
does not expect to stall and
seriously lacks proficiency for
executing an optimum recovery
technique. Although the BD-5 may
appear to have a docile stall, there
are fundamental reasons why it may
be less forgiving when flight path
control is lost in high AOA flight. A
clearer understanding of the stall
characteristics of the BD-5 can result
in safer operation.
The BD-5 wing utilizes a NACA
laminar flow airfoil section varying
from 64.212 at the root to 64.218 at
the wingtip. No twist (washout) is
incorporated since the thicker
section at the tip nominally stalls at
a higher AOA than the root, thus
providing unstalled airflow over the
outboard portion of the wing when
separation has started inboard. As
previously noted, this airfoil series
incurs a fundamental reduction in
CLmax when Reynolds number (Re) is
less than 3 X 108. The small wing
chord of the BD-5 results in an Re of
First, flying the BD-5J at high AOA
is reviewed and then my BD-5B,
which has a modified airfoil. Stall
warning in the form of buffeting or
shaking of the aircraft and/or
controls some 3 to 15 MPH prior to
stall departure has long remained
the preferred cue for maneuvering
safely near stall. The pilot prefers
the warning to be consistent and
repeatable in straight or
maneuvering flight regardless of
configuration (gear/flaps up or
down). The BD-5J possessed an
acceptable degree of tactile (buffet)
warning in slow approaches to stall
as a result of inherent inboard flow
separation. In rapid G onset
maneuvers, however, the warning
was more subtle and occurred too
close to departure from controlled
flight to be acceptable.
Stall departure was characterized by
transient lateral (wing rock)
oscillations at approximately 80
knots in the clean (flaps and gear
up) configuration. The lateral
oscillations increased in magnitude
and were more difficult to control
with rudder and aileron as the stick
was brought to the full aft position.
There was no “G break” evident,
and airspeed increased 10 to 15
knots. With the stick held full aft,
the aircraft eventually departed
abruptly, rolling to an inverted,
nose-low attitude. With flap and
gear down, the dynamic roll
oscillatory behavior was still present
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January-June 2001
although considerably less in
magnitude. This would be expected
since pitch control power was
available to obtain high AOA due to
the increased nose down pitch trim
moments associated with the gear
and flap extension.
In maneuvering flight stalls (pull
ups or turns), stall warning was
essentially non-existent and the rolloff became very abrupt and violent.
In a 3 G turn, the aircraft “snapped”
360 degrees very smartly at stall.
Two points were of interest: (1) no
stall warning by buffet or shake of
the aircraft was evident, (2) stall
speeds were appreciably lower, and
(3) stall behavior was improved. The
only stall warning evident, flaps
either up or down, was a mild wing
rock or rolling oscillation which I
consider only marginally acceptable.
Increasing AOA resulted in
increased amplitude roll oscillations
although bank attitude never
exceeded +/- 30 degrees. It was
always possible to keep the wings
level with use of ailerons alone with
stick full aft. Observation of tufts on
the wing showed an initial trailing
edge separation at the mid-semi
span, progressing forward quickly
to leading edge separation in this
unprotected area (original airfoil).
Flow outboard, ahead of the
ailerons, remained smooth
(unseparated) up to the highest
AOA tested (stick full aft). In
general, stall behavior with flaps
down was milder since, as
previously noted, available pitch
control power limited the ability to
attain high AOA.
Stall recoveries were examined in
detail on the BD-5B with the
modified wing to compare with the
“accelerated” stall problem
previously noted with the BD-5J
equipped with the normal wing.
Similar trends were evident in that a
relatively large increase in airspeed
was required to avoid secondary
stall during recovery. A closer
examination of the stall and
recovery characteristics was made to
simulate the scenario for a typical
stall/spin accident. At a safe
altitude (over 5,000 feet AGL) with
flap (1/2 down) and gear down, the
aircraft was slowed down in a mild
left bank simulating turning onto
base for final approach. At the stall,
the aircraft rolled mildly to the left
or right at about 65 MPH. For
recovery, back pressure was relaxed
to reduce AOA, nose down attitude
increased to approximately 80 MPH.
Since a steeper than desired nose
down attitude existed, back
pressure was increased somewhat
abruptly to return to a desired (less
steep) approach flight path angle.
Sure enough, a secondary
accelerated stall (higher airspeed)
occurred with a much larger roll off
and nose down. The pilot’s view of
the ground approaching rapidly
provokes a less patient attitude
about waiting until airspeed builds
up and another accelerated stall can
set the scene for the classic
stall/spin accident where there is
not enough altitude for recovery.
Is this all-too-familiar stall/spin
scenario worse for the BD-5
concept? Not necessarily, but there
may be extenuating circumstances
which require understanding. For
stall recovery, most pilots are taught
to add power and bring the nose
down to level flight. These actions
which help reattach airflow on the
wing deserve closer scrutiny for the
BD-5. First, with the pusher design,
wing flow reattachment is not aided
to any degree by increases in engine
power since slipstream effects on
the flow over the wing are
essentially nonexistent. Second, with
the laminar flow airflow used on the
BD-5, and by operating at low Re,
stall occurs from the wing leading
edge. This results in a relatively
large hysteresis loop in AOA for
flow reattachment. Compared to the
AOA for initial flow breakaway, the
AOA for flow reattachment must be
decreased at least 5-7 degrees. This
effect is accentuated if the builder
ahs not been careful to avoid creases
in the airfoil nose radius during
handling and attachment of the
wing skin to the nose ribs. Third, if
engine failure has occurred, the
aircraft must be accelerated by
diving more steeply towards the
ground to increase airspeed (and
thereby reduce AOA). This would
also be true for a conventional
aircraft, but (and I am admittedly
guessing at this point) the BD-5 pilot
has a much clearer, unobstructed
view of the approaching ground
which may affect his timing and
judgment for proper stall recovery
in this high stress situation.
Essentially, the average pilot may
not have the patience to wait for
enough increase in airspeed (low
AOA) to provide a safe stall margin
and the appreciation of the need to
execute a gradual pitch change to
avoid a secondary stall.
In Summary
What can be done to improve safety
in high AOA operation for the BD-5
concept? First, the pilot must
recognize when a potentially
dangerous stall situation can occur,
such as engine loss during takeoff.
This is particularly important for the
low-time pilot who has not flown a
wide variety of aircraft and is in the
initial checkout phase of the aircraft.
Second, a clearer understanding of
the causes of the problem should
help improve stall recovery
techniques with particular emphasis
on the need for large increases in
airspeed and gradual (low G
acceleration) nose up flight path
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The BD-5 Bulletin
angle changes. Further, exposure to
these stall characteristics at a safe
altitude can be very educational. I
doubt that many pilots practice this
abused stall scenario. The addition
of an AOA meter mounted next to
the airspeed indicator on my aircraft
is a great help in avoiding
secondary stalls. Reducing the
established aft stick travel value and
favoring a more forward CG
location will indirectly improve
safety by restricting high AOA
penetration without unduly
compromising pitch control power
for takeoff or landing. Finally, airfoil
modifications can be made to
alleviate the tendency for leading
edge flow separations. Some BD-5
builders have utilized the NASA
LS0413 (GAW) airfoil which also
improved max lift at low Re and a
favorable (trailing edge) stall
separation pattern. It should be
recognized that the GAW airfoil
with the cusped trailing edge will
reduce cruise performance on the
BD-5 because it is optimized for a
relatively high cruise CL.
Modification of the airfoil as
previously discussed will not only
improve stall behavior but also spin
characteristics. Extensive NASALangley stall/spin tests of a GA
aircraft using leading edge
protection similar to that
incorporated on my BD-5B provided
improved spin resistance. It was
found, however, that autorotation
characteristics were better when
using only outboard protection
compared to various full span
leading edge modifications. Further
work is planned for my aircraft to
promote improved stall warning. A
small leading edge stall strip
inboard at the wing-fuselage fillet
should provide ample buffet
Concluding Remarks
Although the BD-5 design fell short
of meeting many of its original
design goals, it should be given
credit for ushering in a new wave of
popularity for homebuilts. Its sleek
aerodynamic design is unique even
today and is admired in the air and
on the ground by the casual
observer or the jet-set crew. It is not
difficult to fly nor are there unsafe
or hazardous characteristics for
properly trained and adequately
briefed pilots. Its short-coupled
appearance is deceiving. Although
very responsive in pitch and roll,
adequate aerodynamic damping
allows hands-off flying throughout
the envelope. The cockpit
arrangement and excellent control
harmony provided by the side-stick
controller enhance the pure joy of
maneuvering flight. Someday, an
ideal engine will become available
(perhaps the Rotary Vee) and the
BD-5 aircraft will realize its full
Bede Considering
Updating BD-5
Design, Producing
“Super BD-5”
From Aero-News Network, May 28,
2001, Reprinted with Permission
James Bede, the well-known aircraft
designer who some thirty years ago
rocked the general aviation world
with the introduction of the Bede
Aircraft BD-5 single seat, high
performance, homebuilt aircraft kit,
is considering reviving the BD-5
design under the designation of
"Super BD-5".
In an exclusive interview with
ANN, Bede stated that the reason he
has decided to take this step is
because he has spent considerable
time in past years reconsidering the
design and "such things as
complexity of fabrication and the
difficulty of assembly, too many
parts in a small compact area, and
even the cramped cabin size." Bede
added that he has not made a final
decision on this, but he has found
enough areas where the original BD5 design could be improved that he
has at least made up his mind that
the project could be worthwhile.
"The BD-5 is a thirty year-old design
but is even more modern than most
of the new aircraft." said Bede. "I do
want to emphasize that I have not
made a firm decision to proceed and
even after I do, it will take a while
before we will see some of them
flying, but frankly I am very excited
about the new concept."
Asked by ANN how he is going to
deal with the issue of the many
people who lost deposits on the
original BD-5 kits and the BD-5D
certified aircraft, Bede responded
that "There were really very few BD5 customers who were upset,
the vast majority were disappointed
that they didn't get an airplane but
understood that we gave it the best
try. The worse comments would
come from people who had nothing
to do with the BD-5 program, but
get enjoyment out of kicking
someone when they are down. But
for my old customers I have
something in mind, that will be to
their benefit."
As to specifically what he had in
mind, Bede would not comment,
but he did say that he still has a
complete list of all the original BD-5
customers, and added that "they are
the only ones whose gripes mean
something to me."
Bede has established a point of
collection of information on the
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January-June 2001
Internet for anyone who wants to
comment on the subject with ideas
on how to improve the BD-5
and what they like and don't like
about it. The URL for the survey
form is:
…and is open to anyone who wants
to participate in the process.
BD-5 Electrical
System Guidelines
By Juan Jiménez
The purpose of this article is to give
the BD-5 builder a set of basic
guidelines for the design and
installation of an electrical system in
your aircraft. The information
presented here is based on the
design of the electrical system on
my BD-5, N522PR, my experience as
an electrical and avionics line
technician in the Marine Corps, as
well as on Aircraft Electrical
Systems – Single and Twin Engine
by J.E. Bygate, Jeppesen Sanderson
Training Products, ISBN 0-89100357-6. I highly recommend this book
for anyone who wants to
understand how aircraft electrical
systems work. Another excellent
resource for aircraft electrical work
is http://www.aeroelectric.com.
As I said, this article is meant to
present guidelines only and should
not be interpreted as professional
advice. The intention is to give you
a good foundation, not to provide
you with blueprints. If you choose
to design and build your aircraft’s
electrical system, consult with a
local avionics shop to, at the very
least, have an expert review your
design and installation of the
various components. If you’re not
sure of what you’re doing, let an
expert do the work.
Every aircraft electrical system has
three basic components:
A primary power source (a
An engine-driven power
generating device
(generator or alternator)
An electrical distribution
The purpose of the battery may
seem obvious, but just in case… the
battery’s purpose is not only to
provide power to start the engine
(assuming your engine has a
starter), but also to provide enough
power to operate your aircraft’s
electrical system (either fully or
partially) for a period of time
following an electrical power
generation failure.
In order to select a battery for your
BD-5 you need to take into
consideration several factors.
The first one is going to require a
decision on your part as to how
complex an electrical system you
want to have on your aircraft. If all
you’re going to need to do is
provide power for your handheld
radio and perhaps a transponder
and encoder in the absence of
engine-generated power, you’ll
have different requirements than
another builder who wishes to have
a more complete system with
exterior and interior lighting, more
complex avionics and perhaps some
electrically driven flight
Once you have made a decision on
what electrical systems you would
like to have in your aircraft, it is
time to add up the numbers – the
power consumption numbers, that
is. The output capacity of an
electrical power generating device is
measured in amperes. Each
electrically operated device that you
want to put into your aircraft will
have an electrical power
consumption rating. For example,
the small Terra TRT-250D digital
transponder consumes some 0.75
amps. Their TX-760D digital comm,
on the other hand, consumes nearly
3.25 amps when transmitting. Other
devices such as a fan and a strobe
light system may consume much
more power. Add up all the
numbers and make sure you don’t
miss any systems. The result will tell
you how many amperes your
generator or alternator must
produce in order to operate all your
systems. Compare this number to
the power rating of the generator or
alternator on your engine. If the
total amps required exceeds 80% of
the generating capacity of your
engine, you’re either going to have
to bring down your expectations a
notch, or find out if the engine
manufacturer makes a larger
generator for your engine. If the
total does not exceed 80%, then you
get to move on to the next step.
But before we do that, some advice.
Remember that the cardinal rule for
BD-5 construction is to build light.
Jim Bede himself reinforced this fact
during the Expo 2000 at Fort Worth,
Texas. Just because you can put fifty
pounds of avionics and electrical
systems on the airplane doesn’t
mean you should. The way I see it,
an ideal BD-5 avionics and electrical
system should provide you with just
enough instrumentation and
communications capability to get
yourself safely on the ground if you
run into problems in the air. If you
inadvertently find yourself in the
clouds, you should have enough
avionics and instruments to safely
get back to VFR conditions. Trust
me when I say that you won’t be
doing instrument approaches to
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The BD-5 Bulletin
minimums in a BD-5. It’s just not
built for that kind of flying, and if
that’s the kind of flying you want to
do, you need to be looking at some
other aircraft.
That said, let’s move on. The next
step is to find a battery that will
work for your electrical design. The
idea here is to provide cranking
power to the starter (if installed),
and electrical power to your aircraft
in case you suffer a power loss in
your aircraft. If your engine doesn’t
have a starter or generator, then the
idea is to provide enough power to
operate whatever electrical systems
are installed in your aircraft during
your flight. You also have to find a
battery that will fit in your aircraft
and will not weigh so much that it
will throw your CG outside of the
approved CG range.
You also want to give yourself
enough margin of safety to get
yourself either to your destination
or to the nearest airport in the event
of electrical generating failure. This
doesn’t mean that you should
expect to be able to operate all your
avionics and electric systems for the
remainder of the duration of the
flight. You should provide yourself
with enough margin to operate your
minimally required systems. This
usually means that you should be
able to operate the radio and any
engine and flight instruments that
require electricity from the battery
to do their job. If the failure happens
at night, you should be able to
operate the radio, perhaps some
internal lighting and, during final
approach and landing, a landing
The same calculations should be
applied to battery power as for the
generator. Add up the power
requirements of the minimum
electrical system items that you will
use in the event of a power failure.
You should give yourself a margin
of safety here as well. The larger the
margin (within weight and size
restrictions), the more time you’ll be
able to use the battery if the
generator fails.
The battery has to be mounted
somewhere in the aircraft, and most
–5 builders place it under the glare
shield, behind the instrument panel.
The battery will also constitute a
significant percentage of the
aircraft’s empty weight, so you will
probably want to get the smallest
battery that will fit your aircraft’s
electrical requirements.
On my aircraft, the battery is
mounted on a custom battery shelf
installed behind the instrument
panel as far forward as possible,
directly over the nose gear box. My
battery is a sealed Powersonic 27
amp model. Because it is sealed, I
don’t have a drain from the tray to
the outside of the aircraft, but if
you’re going to use a lead acid or
other battery with openings to
service the battery fluids, you’ll also
need to install a drain to make sure
that any battery acid that spills out
of the battery will be safely drained
out of the aircraft. The tray should
have some way to secure the
battery; in my case there is a strap
that is secured over the battery to
keep it from going anywhere on its
Assuming that you have found a
suitable battery for your aircraft,
how do you get the juice from the
battery to the rest of the aircraft?
You now need to put together a
battery control circuit which will
allow you to bring the electrical
power from the battery to a place in
the aircraft from which you can
distribute it to the electrical system
and devices. A basic battery control
circuit is composed of the following
The battery.
A battery relay, which is
nothing more than an
electromagnetic switch
which connects the
battery output to the
“busbar” when the
relay’s contacts close.
A battery master switch
that controls the relay.
An ammeter, which is
an instrument that
showed how much
current (amps) is being
drawn by the system
from the battery.
The electrical busbar, a
convenient point to
which all the electrical
loads are connected.
The battery negative terminal is
obviously connected to the aircraft
frame. Select a location with good
contact to the bare metal of the
fuselage. We will discuss wiring
requirements a little further on in
this article. The positive terminal on
the battery is connected to the “B”
terminal of the battery relay.
The output side of the relay is
located in terminal “B1”. The power
will run from there to one side of
the ammeter, and then exit out the
other side to the “busbar”. Another
connection will run from the same
“B1” terminal on the battery relay to
the input terminal of the starter
relay, if your aircraft is equipped
with an engine starter.
You’re probably asking yourself
“Why a relay? Why not a switch?”
The simple explanation is that if you
do that a single wire would be
carrying the full current from the
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January-June 2001
Figure 1
Basic electrical
control circuit
battery to the busbar. You would
need to have a very large switch to
be able to handle that much current,
and it would probably have to be an
expensive switched circuit breaker
that would take up significant space
on either the instrument panel or the
secondary side panels. Instead of
doing that, you use a relay, which
can be mounted anywhere behind
the panel, and use a smaller switch
and wiring to implement sort of a
“remote control” for the battery
power. The relay handles the
current just fine, and you don’t need
anywhere near as large a switch.
Getting back to the engine starter, if
you do have one of those very
useful gizmos, its wiring is basically
a copy of the battery relay wiring.
As I said before, power is taken off
the same battery relay “B1” contact
that goes to the ammeter. This is
connected to the starter relay’s “B”
terminal. The output comes out of
the “B1” terminal of the starter relay
and to one of the starter input
terminals. The other terminal on the
starter is connected to frame
ground. To operate the starter relay
(and hence the starter), you will
need to take power from the busbar
to a circuit breaker rated for the
maximum power draw of the
starter, and from there to the starter
switch, then connect the other side
of the starter switch to the “S”
terminal on the relay. The switch
will then act as the “remote control”
for the starter relay.
Now, we’ve covered the basics of a
system that doesn’t have a
generator. But what if your aircraft’s
engine does have a generator?
The addition of a generator means
you need to add two components to
the design and change another one.
The generator should have three
outputs; a frame ground, a field
terminal usually marked “F” and a
generator output terminal usually
marked “A”. You will also need to
install a voltage regulator to control
the output voltage of the generator,
and change the battery switch to a
battery/generator switch (single
pole, single throw to double pole,
single throw). Note that some
generators have voltage regulators
built-in. In this case you will not
need an external voltage regulator.
The voltage regulator has four
terminals, the generator terminal,
the field terminal, the battery
terminal and a frame ground
terminal. The frame ground on the
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The BD-5 Bulletin
generator is connected to the
airframe. The field terminal on the
generator is connected to one of the
inputs on the battery master switch,
and the output side is connected to
the field terminal on the voltage
regulator. The frame ground
terminal on the voltage regulator is
connected to the airframe. Finally,
the battery terminal on the regulator
is connected to the busbar through a
circuit breaker rated for the
maximum current that the generator
is rated to produce.
Figure 1 depicts the schematic for
the system I’ve just described.
At this point you’ll have a system
that gets power to a single point in
the aircraft, the busbar. A busbar is
nothing more than a conductive bar
with screw terminals where you can
attach wires with suitable
terminations and run them to the
places where the power is needed,
i.e. your radio, transponder,
indicators, instruments, etc. You
now have to install a distribution
system, which usually has the
following components:
The busbar itself.
Circuit breakers or fuses to
protect the individual
components attached to the
distribution system.
Control switches to turn
systems on and off.
The wiring to take the
power to the systems.
The electrically powered
components themselves!
The busbar is a very simple device.
It usually has screws to which you
can attach ring terminals on the end
of electrical wire, and each set of
screws go into a conductive piece of
metal that evenly distributes power
from the generator or battery to the
individual electrical components.
travel through the engine
compartment and into the cockpit.
Circuit breakers are installed to
protect the individual circuits to the
components, as well as the
components themselves. We I
mentioned fuses because they can in
theory be used as well, but thermal
Mil-Spec circuit breakers should
always be used on aircraft. There are
various types of breakers available,
some push/pull, others have a cap
that pops out when the current
through the breaker exceeds the
breaker’s maximum capacity.
Personally, I prefer the breakers that
can be pulled out to cut the power
to an individual system, because
they allow me to turn off a
particular circuit if I think it is
giving me problems.
The selection of wire gauge depends
on what load the wire will carry.
Going back to our electrons as water
molecules analogy, the more
pressure (current) moving through a
wire, the thicker the wire needs to
be. Wire is classified by its AWG
(gauge) number, with the highest
used on aircraft electrical systems
being 22 AWG (thinnest) and the
lowest being 2 or 00 AWG (thickest).
Primary loads such as the battery,
battery relay, starter relay and
starter require the thickest wire
because of the high current to those
parts of the system.
Circuit breakers should be installed
in a place on the cockpit where they
can be easily accessible. You don’t
want to hide them because that
makes it more difficult to reset them
in flight.
Selection of circuit breaker ratings
depends on the circuit they are
protecting. If it’s something like a
Terra TRT-250D digital transponder,
a ¾ amp breaker will do, since that
is the maximum power draw for
that unit. However, a Terra TX-760D
digital comm radio draws 3.25
amps, so you’ll need the next higher
value of breaker, a 4 amp unit.
Selecting what type wire to use for a
particular circuit is also a very
critical subject. Always use Mil-Spec
insulated (Tefzel coated or
otherwise) wire for aircraft electrical
systems. On a BD-5 you should not
have to use shielded wire unless
you are wiring some sensor near the
engine or something like a smoke
generating system in the tail
compartment, where the wire has to
The main power feed wiring to the
busbar usually carries some 30 amps
of current. These wires should be
between 10 and 6 AWG. The same
goes for the main generator output
to the busbar. Generator field
wiring only carries 2 to 2.5 amps, so
20 AWG will do nicely.
The wiring from the battery master
switch, generator master switch and
starter switch to their respective
relays only needs to be 20 or 18
AWG because they only carry small
currents to activate the coils of the
relay and close them. The same
applies to the wiring from the
busbar to the individual systems.
This article only scratches the
surface of aircraft electrical systems.
For more information, see FAA
Advisory Circular 43.13-1b. This
very comprehensive document
explains the FAA-accepted
procedures and methods to install
and service electrical systems in an
aircraft. Finally, please, follow
Juan’s Golden Rule. When in doubt,
ask. There is no such thing as a
stupid question.
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January-June 2001
EM Aviation’s
RiteAngle III AOA
System Enters
and landing gear position warning
options are available. Of the units
that have been sold, approximately
97% have been installed on
experimentals and some 3% have
been installed in what Mendenhall
refers to as “true” ultralights.
Emphasis remains on providing safety
of flight and reliability
Mendenhall has also been working
with several kit manufacturers -such as BD Micro Technologies of
Siletz, Oregon, manufacturers of the
FLS-5 series of kit planes – to
provide them with custom-designed
RiteAngle III installations in order
to enhance the safety of their
finished products. One of the most
interesting features of the unit is
that it can be interfaced into the
audio system of the aircraft. It then
provides you with audible spoken
prompts for various conditions,
such as if you forget to lower your
landing gear. It also understands
when the flaps are extended and, if
programmed correctly, will adjust
its indications to take flap extension
into account. Some flight
adjustments must also be made, but
everything is done with a small
programming control which is
disconnected and stored once the
system is programmed.
EM Aviation LLC has completed
design work and put into
production their new RiteAngle III
angle-of-attack (AOA) system for
experimental and ultralight aircraft.
This third generation system utilizes
state-of-the-art digital technology in
the control box, and continues to use
the reliable LED indicator
technology that was first introduced
into the product line in 1992. A new
machined stainless steel vane and
potentiometer rated for two million
cycles are also part of the new
The RiteAngle system is the oldest
AOA system specifically produced
for sport aircraft and the first to use
LED technology, according to Mr.
Elbie Mendenhall, President of EM
Aviation and a 25,000-hour airline
captain who recently retired from
American Airlines. The original
system, using a vane, potentiometer
and a meter to display the AOA,
was designed in er1967 and tested
on a Super Cub. Since then it has
been continuously upgraded, with
the RiteAngle III as the latest
version of the product.
Installation of the system is
straightforward, and involves
placement of the display indicator
on the panel, the processor unit
which is normally placed behind the
panel and the vane assembly, for
which various installation adapters
are available. On aircraft equipped
with flaps and/or retractable
landing gear, flap position sensor
The RiteAngle III AOA system
retails for $295 for the basic system.
In addition, you must select the
appropriate mounting system –
wing vane with or without
combined pitot tube, jury strut or
fuselage mounts – and the landing
gear and/or flap options, if
necessary. The typical system for a
complex aircraft runs around $400
total, including shipping.
For more information, call (360) 2600772 .
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The BD-5 Bulletin
BD-5 Vendor List
The following vendors provide
parts, services and kits for BD-5
builders. We list them here in
alphabetical order, for your
1405 N Johnson Ave
El Cajon CA 92020-1630
Ph: 619-440-5531
Fax: 619-442-0481
Email: alturair@alturdyne.com
Web: http://www.alturair.com
Contact: Paul Ross
BD-5 kits, parts, builder services,
engines (rotary engine in
BD-Micro Technologies
1260 Wade Rd
Siletz OR 97380
Ph: 541-444-1343
Email: sales@bd-micro.com
Web: http://www.bd-micro.com
Contact: Edward Karnes
FLS-5 kits (recip, turboprop, jet),
parts, builder services, engines (2stroke, turboprop).
Gerald "Jerry" Kauth
9810 State Ave #9
Marysville WA 98270
Ph: 360-435-8109
Drive system sales and upgrades,
landing gear parts and assembly
Robenalt Engraving
1423 Broadway
Burlingame CA 94010-2082
Ph & FAX: 415-348-6262
Contact: Stanley Robenalt
Custom instrument panels,
engraved placards.
Seneca Light Aircraft
Aircraft Tool Supply Co.
5479 E Cty Rd 38
Tiffin OH 44883
Ph: 419-585-7002
Fax: 419-585-6004
Contact: Matt Dandar
Hirth aircraft engine sales.
P.O. Box 370
1000 Old U.S. 23
Oscoda MI 48750
Toll Free: 800-248-0638
Ph: 517-739-1447
Fax: 517-739-1448
Email: info@aircraft-tool.com
Web: http://www.aircraft-tool.com
Aviation tools and supplies.
The Wag-Aero Group
The following vendors carry
inventories of all types of aviation
goods, tools and other items which
you may need during your project
to finish a BD-5.
Aircraft Spruce &
Specialty East
900 S. Pine Hill Road
Griffin, Georgia 30223
Ph: 770-228-3901
Fax: 770-229-2329
Order Dept: 877-4-SPRUCE
Customer Service: 800-443-1448
Email: east@aircraft-spruce.com
web: http://www.aircraft-spruce.com
General aviation parts, supplies,
Aircraft Spruce &
Specialty West
225 Airport Circle
Corona, California 91720
Ph: 909-372-9555
Fax: 909-372-0555
Order Dept.: 877-4-SPRUCE
Customer Service: 800-861-3192
Email: info@aircraft-spruce.com
web: http://www.aircraft-spruce.com
General aviation parts, avionics,
supplies, tools, instruments.
1216 North Road
Lyons WI 53148
Ph: 262-763-9586
Fax: 262-763-7595
Order Line: 800-558-6868
Web: http://www.wagaero.com
General aviation supplies, avionics,
instruments, parts.
Wicks Aircraft Company
410 Pine Street
Highland, IL 62249
Orders: 800-221-9425
Help Line: 618-654-7447
Fax: 618-654-6253
Email: info@wicksaircaft.com
Web: http://www.wicksaircraft.com
Aviation supplies, avionics,
instruments, parts.
Is your company or service
missing from this list?
Write or email us and let
us know!
.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
January-June 2001
The BD-5 Newsletter
Official Publication the BD-5 Network
PO Box 155293
Ft Worth TX 76155-0293
Mailing label indicates remaining issues on
subscription. If it says NONE, it's time to
renew! Electronic subscriptions will note
remaining issues in body of mail.
The BD-5 Bulletin is published quarterly. Domestic US and Canadian subscriptions are priced at $25/yr, international
subscriptions are US$40/yr, and must be paid with US funds payable at a US bank or postal money order payable in US
Dollars. Electronic subscriptions are US$15/year, and delivery is made in Adobe Acrobat format through Electronic Mail.
Subscription payments can also be made through PayPal on the Internet (HTTP://WWW.PAYPAL.COM). All subscription
funds must be made payable to JUAN JIMENEZ, PO Box 155293, Ft Worth TX 76155-0293, USA. To contact us by email,
write to FLYBD5@HOTMAIL.COM or visit the BD-5 Web Site at HTTP://WWW.BD5.COM
Yes, sign me up for the BD-5 Expo 2001 @ Meacham International Airport, Ft Worth, TX, Oct 27-28 2001
$40/pp Registration enclosed ($45 at the door), check/money order US Funds
I will send payment via PayPal
Children under 16 are $20/pp. Registration fee includes entrance, speakers, donuts, snacks and Texas BBQ Dinner!
Name _______________________________________________________ # In Party ______________________________
Address _____________________________________________________________________________________________
City ______________________________________ State _____________ Zip ____________________________________
Country __________________________________________ Telephone ________________________________________
I will bring a BD-5 to the Expo,
In progress
Finished but not flying
It Flies, Darn it!
I will be bringing items to sell, trader or barter, please save space for me!
Other aircraft types are welcome, we have plenty of ramp space!
I will bring another type of aircraft: ________________________________
You will be responsible for your own insurance!
Mail to: JUAN JIMENEZ, BD-5 EXPO 2001 REGISTRATION., PO BOX 155293, FT WORTH TX 76155-0293
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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