10" portable thicknesser

10" portable thicknesser
FOX Model F22-561
1
ASSEMBLY AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
10" PORTABLE THICKNESSER
10" Portable Thicknesser
FOX MODEL F22-561
TABLE OF CONTENTS
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Safety instructions……………………………………………………………………………………………Page 3
Additional safety instructions………………………………………………………………………………. Page 5
Specifications…………………………………………………………………………………………………Page 6
Noise information……………………………………………………………………………………………. Page 7
Environmental protection…………………………………………………………………………………… Page 8
Symbols………………………………………………………………………………………………………. Page 8
Unpacking and cleaning……………………………………………………………………………………. Page 9
Electrical connections………………………………………………………………………………………. Page 10
Earthing instructions………………………………………………………………………………………… Page 10
Parts identification……………………………………………………………………………………………Page 11
Installation……………………………………………………………………………………………………. Page 11
Assembly…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. Page 12
- Mounting the thicknesser onto a wood base…...…………………………………………………………….. Page 12
- Stock rollers………………………..…………………………………………………………………………….. Page 12
- Moving the thicknesser …………..…………………………………………………………………………….. Page 12
Using the machine…………………………………………………………………………………………... Page 13
- On/Off switch…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. Page 13
- Circuit breaker switch….………………………………………………………………………………………... Page 13
- Adjusting the depth of cut………………………………………………………………………………………. Page 13
- Adjusting the depth of cut scale..………………………………………………………………………………. Page 13
- Removing the planer knives……………………………………………………………………………………. Page 14
- Installing the planer knives…………………………………………………………………………….Page 14
- Setting the knife height………………………………………………………………………………………….. Page 15
- Adjusting the table extension roller………………………………………………………………….. Page 15
- Making the cutterhead and worktable parallel……………………………………………………… Page 15
- Planing for finish……………………………………………………………………………………….. Page 16
- Thickness planing……………………………………………………………………………………… Page 16
- For additional planing…………………………………………………………………………………. Page 16
Maintenance…………………………………………………………………………………………………. Page 17
- Lubrication……………………………..…………………………………………………………………………. Page 17
- Periodic maintenance……..…………………………………………………………………………………….. Page 17
Troubleshooting………………………………………………………………………………………………Page 18
DART Tool Group Guarantee……………………………………………………………………………… Page 19
Declaration of Conformity…………………………………………………………………………………... Page 20
2
ATTENTION :
- Read the instructions for use carefully before using the machine
- This device meets current safety standards for electrical machines.
- Incorrect use may result in injury. Anyone not familiar with the instructions for use should not use the
machine. Keep these instructions for use safe.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
ALWAYS DISCONNECT THE MACHINE FROM THE POWER SOCKET BEFORE ATTEMPTING ANY
MAINTENANCE.
Keep a safe working zone for both staff and equipment. NO CHILDREN must be allowed in the
working zone under any circumstance.
The machine must be always disconnected when not in use. Use the on/off switches on the machine. Always
disconnect the machine by pulling the plug, do not pull the power cord.
Before using the machine, remove all tools used for setup and keep them away from your working zone. Reconnect
the machine. Check that the working zone is clear and that there is plenty room to work with the wood.
Ensure you are in good working position. If the work will produce dust or small pieces, wear safety gear, protective
glasses, gloves, a mask and ear defenders. If you have long hair, tie it up. Do not wear watches or bracelets. Wear
shoes with good grip and remember to never place your fingers too near the blade.
Do not use the machine if you are tired or distracted because you risk injury.
Do not use this machine anywhere containing flammable liquids and/or volatile gases.
Check that the blades are correctly fitted in the machine, that they are not damaged nor worn out and that they are
clean; this will extend their life expectancy.
The machine is designed for the thicknessing of natural wood. Do not use reconstituted wood with
this machine.
1. Keep your working area clean. Untidy working zones and busy workbenches invite injuries.
2. Avoid a dangerous environment. Do not expose machines to rain and not use them in wet places. Ensure your
working zone is well lit. Do not use the machine where there is gas or flammable liquids.
3
3. Protect yourself from electric shocks. Avoid touching earthed surfaces.
4. Keep children and visitors well away from the working area.
5. Tidy up any tools not in use. When tools are not used, they should be kept in a dry, locked place, out of reach of
children.
6. Do not force the machine. It will work better when used with the pressure it was designed for.
7. Use the correct tools. Do not force a small tool to do the work of a bigger tool. For example, do not use a circular
saw to cut branches or logs.
8. Wear appropriate clothing. Avoid loose clothing, and remove jewellery which could become caught in moving parts.
Non-slip shoes are particularly recommended when working outside. Keep long hair tied up.
9. Always wear safety glasses. Also wear a mask if operating the machine creates dust.
10. Use a dust extractor. Ensure the dust extractor is properly connected.
11. Do not mistreat the power cord. Never use the power cord to pull out the plug. Keep the power cord away from
heat, oil and sharp edges.
12. Fix the part being planed in place. Wherever possible use clamps or a vice to hold the part. It is much safer than
using your hands.
13. Do not bend over the machine. Keep your balance at all times.
14. Keep tools in good condition. Clean tools to obtain the best results with them. Follow instructions to grease and
change accessories. Regularly check the power cord and replace it if damaged. Keep handles dry, clean and free from
oil and grease.
15. Disconnect the tool when not in use, before the maintenance and while changing accessories such as blades,
drills, etc.
16. Remove all maintenance tools. Get used to checking that all maintenance tools are removed before using the
machine.
17. Avoid accidentally starting the machine. Make sure that the switch is in the "OFF" position before connecting the
power.
18. When the tool is used outside, use only extension leads designed for outdoor use.
19. Be observant. Use common sense when operating machinery. Do not use the tool when tired.
20. Inspect parts before use. Before continuing to use the tool, inspect any protective parts) which could be damaged
to make sure that they work well. Verify that the moving parts are properly aligned, and are not jammed or broken.
Check the assembly and any other conditions which may affect the correct functioning of the machine. Any damaged
part or guard must be repaired or replaced by an approved after-sales service centre. Do not use the tool if the switch
does not work correctly.
4
21. Warning: the use of any non-recommended accessory can present a health risk.
22. Have the machine repaired by a qualified person. This machine is built according to relevant safety requirements.
Repairs must only be made by a qualified person using original spare parts, otherwise it may be very dangerous for
the user.
23. Keep these instructions.
ADDITIONAL SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS FOR THICKNESSERS
1. WARNING: do not use this machine before it is completely assembled according to the instructions.
2. IF YOU ARE NOT totally familiar with the use of thicknessers, seek advice from a qualified person.
3. MAKE SURE that the power cord is looked after and the instructions on the recommended electrical connection
are adhered to and that the machine is earthed correctly.
4. DISCONNECT the machine before making any adjustments or repairs.
5. NEVER turn the machine on before removing all objects on the table (tools, pieces of wood, etc.).
6. KEEP the blades sharp and rust-free.
7. CHECK feed rollers occasionally to be sure chips and sawdust are not lodged between any components. If rollers
are not seated firmly, the feed rolls will not hold stock firmly against the bed, allowing kickback.
8. NEVER use the machine without the guard.
9. KEEP fingers and hands away from the cutting zone.
10. NEVER put your hands under the chuck when the machine is underway.
11. KEEP fingers and hands away from the shavings exit. The pieces can exit at very high speed.
12. ALWAYS support the piece being planed adequately.
13. DO NOT start up the machine with the piece to be worked touching the chuck.
14. ENSURE that the piece to be worked is free from nails and other foreign objects which could cause physical
wounds or damage blades.
15. ENSURE that blades are fixed properly to the chuck, as is explained in the instructions for use, before starting
up the machine.
16. ALWAYS let the chuck reach its maximum diet before using the machine.
17. BEFORE leaving the machine after using it, ensure the working area is clean and tidy.
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18. If a part of the machine is missing, damaged or defective, or if an electric part is not working correctly, turn the
machine off at the switch and disconnect the machine from the power. Replace any missing, damaged or
defective parts before restarting the machine.
19. KEEP THESE INSTRUCTIONS for future reference. Use them to teach any other users.
20. This machine is manufactured according to the relevant safety regulations. To avoid dangerous situations, repairs
and maintenance must be exclusively made by a qualified or competent person.
21. Disconnect the machine from the mains before cleaning it or performing any maintenance.
22. PLANE only wood boards.
SPECIFICATIONS
Motor :
Block speed :
Blade size :
Max thicknessing width :
Max thicknessing height :
Max cutting depth per pass :
Feed rate :
Range of cutting depth :
Thicknesser table size :
Dust port diameter :
Dimensions (h x l x d) :
Max. cutting length :
Weight :
1500W – 240V (2hp)
8000rpm
258 x 18.2 x 3.2mm
254mm
153mm
2.5mm
8m/min.
7 - 153mm
295 x 254mm
50mm
410 x 550 x 585mm
1000mm
29kg
6
NOISE INFORMATION
The noise level of the machine is measured according to the standard DIN IN ISO 3744; 11/95, E DIN IN 31201;
6/93, Annex A ISO 7960; 2/95 because the levels of sound pressure exceed 85 dbA during use. Protective measures
against the noise are necessary.
The quoted emission values are calculated according to standards and not related to use in the workplace. Although
there is a correlation between these various levels of emission, it is impossible to draw any conclusion on additional
necessary precautions. Factors having a potential influence on the level of sound transmission in the workplace
include the working time, the size of the room as well as the other sources of noise (e.g. the number of machines
being used, other noisy operations at the same time). The thresholds of sound level vary between countries. For
these reasons, we recommend users to wear ear defenders when using this machine.
Acoustic power level Lp :
Level of acoustic pressure Lw :
107.3dB (A)
94.3dB (A)
7
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
The crossed-out wheeled bin means that within the European Union the product must be taken to separate collection at
the product end-of-life. This applies to your device but also to any enhancements marked with this symbol. Do not
dispose of these products as unsorted municipal waste.
The European directive DEEE concerning the environment, states that iIt is forbidden to dispose of used
electric or electronic devices in household waste.
They must be taken to a compatible recycling facility.
ATTENTION:
The manufacturer reserves the right to change specifications without notice.
Images are supplied for information purposes only. Actual machine and accessories may differ in appearance.
SYMBOLS
Always wear protective goggles when
using this machine.
Always wear ear defenders when using
the machine.
Heavy lift. Transporting the machine
requires two people.
Read and understand the instruction
manual before using the machine
Always wear a protective mask if the
operation is dusty.
Product meets relevant CE standards.
8
UNPACKING AND CLEANING
Your new thicknesser is packaged in a cardboard box. Unpack it carefully, taking care with the loose parts. Remove
the protective coating from all non-painted parts. This can be removed by means of a soft cloth moistened with WD40.
Do not use acetone, petroleum or paint thinner.
Note : if any parts are damaged or missing, do not connect the machine to the power and do not switch it on until the
missing/damaged parts are replaced.
Do not throw away the cardboard box until you are sure the machine is working correctly.
Loose Parts Bag
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
"C" Circlip
Knife setting guide
Knife setting gauge shaft
Base lock screw
Elevation knob lock screw
Cutterhead raising hand crank
Allen wrenches
Screwdriver handle
Screwdriver shank
Open end wrench
4 pieces
2 pieces
1 piece
8mm x 50 (L) 4 pieces
6mm x 15 (L) 1 piece
1 piece
4, 5, 6mm
1 piece
1 piece
8 x 10 1 piece
9
ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
EXTENSION LEADS
Before using any extension cord, make sure that the insulation is not cut or worn. Immediately repair or replace a
damaged or frayed cord.
ATTENTION :
Extension cords must be removed from the work area or located so that they will not get caught in parts, tools or other
objects while using the tool.
ELECTRICAL CONNECTION
Your planer thicknesser contains a precision electric engine. It must be connected on an electrical supply of 240V,
50 Hz. If your machine does not work when it is connected please check your electrical supply.
EARTHING INSTRUCTIONS
In case of malfunction or short circuit, grounding provides a path of least resistance for electric current to reduce the
risk of electric shock. This tool is equipped with an electric cord having an earthing conductor and a grounding plug.
The plug must be plugged into a matching outlet that is properly installed and grounded in accordance with all local
codes and regulations.
Do not modify the plug provided. If it does not fit into the outlet, have a proper outlet installed by a qualified electrician.
Improper connection of the conductor grounded equipment can result in a risk of electric shock. The conductor with
insulation is green with or without yellow stripes is the conductor of grounding. If the repair or replacement of the
power cord is necessary, do not connect the grounding conductor to a live terminal.
If the earthing instructions are not completely understood, check with a qualified electrician or a person responsible
for maintenance, or if there is doubt properly grounding the tool.
If the power cable is damaged, it must be replaced by the manufacturer, after sales service or similarly qualified
persons in order to avoid a hazard. Do not operate the tool with a damaged power cable.
This tool is intended for use on an electrical circuit with a wall outlet and earthing pin.
10
PARTS IDENTIFICATION
INSTALLATION
The machine must be installed in a well-lit environment near a power supply.
Ensure that there is enough space in the room to be able to work. Ensure noone is in the way of the wood while the
machine is being used.
ATTENTION !
For the smooth running of this machine, you MUST connect a dust extraction system.
Shavings tend to accumulate in the extraction nozzle which will hinder the smooth running if
your machine is not connected to an extraction system.
ASSEMBLY
ATTENTION !
Ensure that the machine is switched off and disconnected from the mains before assembling or making any
other adjustments.
MOUNTING THE THICKNESSER ONTO A WOOD BASE
If the thicknesser is not mounted on a stand, we recommend that it is mounted on two pieces of lumber to ensure
maximum stability.
Choose two suitable pieces of wood.
Use the four M8 x 2" hexagonal socket head screws (supplied) to mount the thicknesser base onto the wood.
STOCK ROLLERS
Two rollers are built on top of the thicknesser, providing convenient handling of stock for consecutive cutting operations.
MOVING THE THICKNESSER
The thicknesser can be moved by carrying it using the handles on the right and left of the frame. Close the table
extensions before you move the thicknesser.
WARNING
Ensure the thicknesser is switched off and disconnected from the power supply before you move it.
USING THE MACHINE
ON/OFF SWITCH
Your planer has a rocker style switch with a removable locking key to prevent unauthorised use. If you intend to be
away from the machine for a period of time and there is any chance of it being used by others, especially children,
remove the locking key with the switch in the OFF position. Store it in a safe, locked place out of reach of children. To
turn the thicknesser on, insert the locking key and turn the switch to the ON position. The planer will then be operable.
To turn the thicknesser off, turn the switch to the OFF position.
WARNING
Always ensure the switch is in the OFF position before connecting the thicknesser to the power supply.
CIRCUIT BREAKER SWITCH
The machine has a breaker switch for overload protection. If an overload occurs, the switch will pop out. If this happens,
wait several minutes and press the breaker switch to reset.
ADJUSTING THE DEPTH OF CUT
The thickness of stock running through the thicknesser is controlled by the distance you set the cutting knife from the
table.
Always start your work by making a light planing cut. The depth of cut on subsequent passes may be increased, up to
2.5mm. But bear in mind that a light cut creates a finer finish than a heavier cut.
To adjust the depth of cut, turn the cutterhead-raising hand crank. The depth of cut adjustment can be read from the
depth scale. The adjustment gradation is 2mm per revolution of the hand crank.
WARNING
Never plane more than 2.5mm in one pass and never attempt to plan a board less than 6" in length. Always
wear a protective face shield.
Do not plane stock which is less than 7mm thick.
Do not plane stock which is thicker than 6" (153mm).
ADJUSTING THE DEPTH OF CUT SCALE
For safe operation of your thicknesser, it is very important that the depth of cut scale is set accurately. To adjust the
depth of cut scale, follow the steps outlined below :
1. Feed a board for planing
2. Compare the measured thickness of the board to the reading on the depth of cut scale
3. If the reading on the depth of cut scale is incorrect, loosen the screw which tightens the plastic pointer and adjust
accordingly
4. When you have properly adjusted the depth of cut scale, test your reading by planing a piece of scrap lumber.
After planing, measure the planed thickness and double check it against the scale reading. The two measurements
should be the same. If the measurements are not the same, re-adjust your depth of cut scale to read the planed
thickness
REMOVING THE PLANER KNIVES
WARNING
Unplug the thicknesser from the power supply before removing the planer
knives.
Remove the chip guard by removing the screws which hold it in place.
Loosen the lock bar (B) and knife by turning the lock screws (A) clockwise. The knives
are spring-loaded and will push out when the assembly is loosened.
Take out the knife (C) and then the knife lock bar (B).
INSTALLING THE PLANER KNIVES
WARNING
Unplug the thicknesser from the power supply before removing the planer knives.
Remove the knives according to the instructions above.
Fit the knife lock bar (B) into the slot on the cutterhead.
Fit the knife into the slot on the cutterhead and tighten the lock bar - knife assembly by turning the screws anticlockwise.
Make sure the knife is facing the correct direction.
Set the knife height according to the instructions on the following page. The knife height must be reset every time the
knives are taken out for any reason.
Be sure to replace the chip guard after the knives are installed.
WARNING
The knife edge is very susceptible to chipping. Use caution when handling the gauge near the knives to avoid
damaging them.
WARNING
The assembly must be tightened securely to prevent accidents during planing.
SETTING THE KNIFE HEIGHT
To obtain a knife projection of 1.5mm, place the knife setting gauge (E) on the
cutterhead with both guides resting firmly against the knife.
Loosen the assembly by turning the seven screws (A) clockwise with an open
end wrench.
When the knife is set to the correct height using the guides on the gauge,
retighten the assembly by turning the screws anticlockwise. Make sure all seven
lock screws are tightened properly.
WARNING
The knife edge is very susceptible to chipping. Use caution when handling
the gauge near the knives to avoid damaging them.
WARNING
The assembly must be tightened securely to prevent accidents during planing.
ADJUSTING THE TABLE EXTENSION ROLLER
The table extensions are mounted at the front and rear
ends of the main table.
Raise the cutterhead assembly so that you can get a clear
view and work comfortably adjusting the extensions.
Place a straight edge across the main table and table
extension to be adjusted.
If the main table and table extension roller are not aligned,
adjust the table extension by loosening the nut holding it in
place and turning the screw until the table extension just
touches the straight edge. Adjust the right and left sides of
the table extension this way.
The roller has been factory set to align with the table extension and requires no further adjustment.
MAKING THE CUTTERHEAD AND WORKTABLE PARALLEL
Underneath the main table, loosen the "C" circlip.
Disengage the bevel gear next to the circlip
Turn the bevel gear to adjust the height of that side of the cutterhead. One tooth of turn anticlockwise gives 0.12mm
raising thickness.
After adjustment, re-engage the bevel gear and replace the "C" circlip.
PLANING FOR FINISH
Planing for a smooth finish as well as thickness is best accomplished by taking light cuts on the board. However,
several other things are important beside light cuts to achieve a smooth finish.
Always feed the board in a direction that allows the planer blades to cut with the grain. This aids the knife in severing
the wood fibres rather than lifting and tearing the fibres. Torn fibres give a fuzzy appearance to the surface. Feeding
against the grain can also cause your knife to lift large chips from the board’s surface, causing a very unsightly
appearance.
THICKNESS PLANING
Thickness planing is the sizing of material to a desired thickness, whicle creating a smooth surface parallel to the
opposite side of the board.
The art of thickness planing consists mainly of using good judgement about the depth of cut in various situations. You
must take into account not only the width of the stock, but the hardness of the board, its dampness, straightness, grain
direction and grain structure.
The effects of these factors upon the quality of the finished work can only be learned through experience. It is always
advisable, whenever working with a new type of wood, or one with unusual problems, to make test cuts on scrap
material if possible, prior to working on your finished product.
FOR ADDITIONAL PLANING
If more material needs to be removed, hand crank the cutterhead no more than 3mm and complete another pass.
Repeat this process until the desired thickness has been reached.
MAINTENANCE
ATTENTION !
- Before making any repairs or maintenance on the thicknesser, disconnect the power cord from the power
socket. The power cord must be disconnected every time you make an adjustment or perform maintenance
on the machine.
- To avoid electric shocks and wounds, use only suitable spare parts.
- If the power cord is damaged, replace immediately.
LUBRICATION
The recommended lubrication for roller chains used in medium to slow speed operation is simply to wipe the chain
clean. When there is an appreciable build-up of dust, dirt or wood shavings, coat chain with a light film of oil (do not
pour the oil directly onto the chain).
The bearings on the cutterhead are factory lubricated and sealed. They require no further attention.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Build-up of sawdust and other debris can cause your machine to plane inaccurately. Periodic cleaning is not only
recomended, but mandatory for accurate precision planing.
Close-fitting parts, such as the lock bars and the planer cutterhead slots should be cleaned with a brush and freed from
clinging foreign matter and then replaced in their respective positions, slightly dampened with oil.
Remove resin and other accumulations from feed rolls and table with a non-flammable solvent.
TROUBLESHOOTING
As long as your machine is well maintained, it should continue to provide smooth and trouble-free operation.
PROBLEM
Fuzzy grain
Torn grain
Rough/raised grain
1.
2.
1.
2.
3.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Poor feeding of lumber
1.
Workpiece jammed
2.
3.
4.
1.
Uneven depth of cut side to side
Board thickness doesn’t match
depth of cut scale
Chain jumping
Machine won’t start
Repeated circuit tripping resulting in
motor stoppage
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Planing wood with high
moisture content
Dull knives
Too heavy a cut
Knives cutting against the
grain
Dull knives
Dull knives
Too heavy a cut
Moisture content too high
Cutterhead bearings
damaged
Planer table dirty
Feed roller damaged
Sprocket damaged
Gear box malfunction
Inadequate knife setting
height
1. Knife projection not uniform
2. Cutterhead not levelled to
planer bed
1. Depth of cut scale incorrect
1.
2.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
SOLUTION
1. Dry the wood
2. Sharpen the knives
1. Review proper depth of cut
2. Feed wood with the grain, or
turn the workpiece around
3. Sharpen knives
1. Sharpen knives
2. Review proper depth of cut
3. Dry the wood
4. Replace bearings
1. Clean off pitch and residue
and lubricate planer table
2. Replace feed roller
3. Replace sprocket
4. Check gear box
1. Set the knives to the
correct height
1. Adjust knife projection
2. Level cutterhead to table
1. Adjust depth of cut scale
Sprockets misaligned
Sprockets worn
Not plugged in
Circuit breaker/fuse tripped
Motor failure
Loose wire
Overload reset has not been
reset
6. Motor starter failure
1.
2.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1. Extension cord too long or
too thin
2. Knives too dull
3. Low voltage running
1.
6.
2.
3.
Align sprockets
Replace sprockets
Check power supply
Check power supply
Have motor checked
Have motor checked
Allow machine to cool down
then reset
Have motor starter checked
by a qualified electrician
Use a shorter or thicker
extension cord
Sharpen or replace knives
Check voltage
DART TOOL GROUP GUARANTEE
DART TOOL GROUP takes pride in the quality of the power tools it supplies. The component
parts of our tools are inspected at various stages of production and each finished tool is subjected
to a final check before being packaged for shipment. Because of our confidence in our
engineering quality, DART TOOL GROUP agrees to repair or replace any part or parts of FOX
Power Tools and accessories which, upon examination, prove to be defective in workmanship or
material. The warranty period for the FOX branded products is one year for parts and labour and
three years for parts only. The guarantee does not include repair, labour or parts requiring
replacement because of misuse, abuse, or normal wear and tear. Repairs made by other than
the factory, DART TOOL GROUP service centre or authorised FOX service dealers relieves
DART TOOL GROUP of further liability under this guarantee. THIS GUARANTEE IS MADE
EXPRESSLY IN PLACE OF ALL OTHER GUARANTEES OR WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR
IMPLIED, WITH RESPECT TO QUALITY, MERCHANTABILITY, OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
CE DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY OF THE MANUFACTURER
SERRACON
WHEATFIELD ROAD
DUNNIKIER BUSINESS PARK
KIRKCALDY, UK, KY1 3PD
Tel. +44 (0) 1592 652946 Fax: +44 (0) 1592 654854
Declares that the: PORTABLE THICKNESSER (F22-561)
is in compliance with the regulations included in the Directives: CEE 2006/42-2004/108-2006/95
Person authorized to create the technical file: Robert Paterson
06.05.2011
The Director
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