Instruction Manual

Instruction Manual
Instruction Manual
Read instructions carefully before operating this device.
ΠThis device is not to be used for Human Life Support applications.
• To avoid possible electrical shock, do not operate this device if is wet or has had
liquids spilled onto it.
Ž Service or calibration procedures should only be performed by qualified
personnel familiar with the electrical hazards of line-powered devices.
CWE, Inc.
25 St.Paul’s Road
Ardmore PA 19003 U.S.A.
(610)642-7719 FAX (610)642-1532
2002 CWE, Inc. All Rights Reserved
MRI-1 Ventilator Instruction Manual
p. 2
STATEMENT OF WARRANTY
IF THIS INSTRUMENT FAILS WITHIN A PERIOD OF ONE YEAR FROM THE
DATE OF DELIVERY OR INSTALLATION, CWE, INC. WILL, AT ITS OPTION,
REPAIR OR REPLACE IT FREE OF CHARGE. THIS WARRANTY EXCLUDES
DAMAGE INCURRED THROUGH MISUSE OR ACCIDENT. CWE, INC. DOES
NOT ASSUME ANY LIABILITY FOR ANY CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
RESULTING FROM THE USE OF THIS INSTRUMENT.
DEFECTIVE UNITS SHOULD BE RETURNED TO THE FACTORY ALONG
WITH A NOTE DESCRIBING THE NATURE OF THE FAULT. THIS
WARRANTY IS APPLICABLE TO THE ORIGINAL PURCHASER OF THE
INSTRUMENT ONLY, AND IS NOT TRANSFERABLE.
FACTORY SERVICE
Out of warranty or damaged instruments may be returned to the factory freight
prepaid for service at prevailing rates. Upon request, a written or verbal
quotation for such service will be issued after examination of the unit but prior to
commencing repairs or service. Address requests for service or technical
information to:
CWE, Incorporated
Technical Support
25 St.Paul's Road
Ardmore, PA 19003 U.S.A.
(610)642-7719
LIFE SUPPORT POLICY
Instruments manufactured by CWE, Incorporated are not authorized for use as
critical components in human life support devices or systems. "Life support
devices or systems", as used herein, are devices or systems whose failure to
perform, whether through misuse, failure, or proper operation, can reasonably be
expected to result in significant injury to the operator or subject persons.
2002 CWE, Inc. All Rights Reserved
MRI-1 Ventilator Instruction Manual
p. 3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0 INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................... 4
2.0 VENTILATOR CONNECTIONS AND SETUP .......................................................... 5
3.0 VENTILATOR SETTINGS........................................................................................ 7
4.0 HOLD AND MANUAL SWITCHES ........................................................................... 8
5.0 INDICATOR LIGHTS................................................................................................ 8
6.0 SYNC OUT JACK (REAR PANEL)........................................................................... 9
7.0 RS232 OUTPUT JACK (REAR PANEL).................................................................. 9
8.0 EXTERNAL VALVE JACK (REAR PANEL) .............................................................. 9
9.0 DATA INTERFACE (REAR PANEL)...................................................................... 10
10.0 PORT CONNECTIONS (FRONT PANEL)............................................................ 11
11.0 PORT CONNECTIONS (REAR PANEL) .............................................................. 11
12.0 USING ANESTHESIA WITH THE MRI-1 ............................................................. 12
13.0 USING EXTERNAL VALVE ASSEMBLIES .......................................................... 13
14.0 SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................................................... 14
15.0 ORDERING INFORMATION ................................................................................ 15
APPENDIX 1: TIDAL VOLUME VS. BODY WEIGHT CHARTS ................................... 16
APPENDIX 2:
TIDAL VOLUME TABLES .................................................................. 17
APPENDIX 3: TYPICAL VENTILATOR SETTINGS FOR RODENTS.......................... 19
2002 CWE, Inc. All Rights Reserved
MRI-1 Ventilator Instruction Manual
p. 4
1.0 INTRODUCTION
The MRI-1 Ventilator is a small animal ventilator specifically designed for use in
high magnetic field environments. The ventilator consists of a controller and a
set of miniature non-metallic pneumatic valves. These remote valves perform
respiratory gas switching close to the animal (even inside the magnet bore). This
alleviates the dead-space and compliance issues associated with long tubing
runs from the ventilator to the animal. The MRI-1 is intended for rodent size
animals.
This ventilator operates on the flow-time principle; a constant airflow is gated
into the animal for a set time, thus producing a known tidal volume. This
approach permits great flexibility, since respiratory rate (RR), inspiratory time
(TI), and airflow are independently set, and can all be adjusted while the
ventilator is running. All parameters are set from the front panel, and are
displayed on an LCD display along with the computed tidal volume (VT) and
minute ventilation (MV).
A built-in air pump provides inspiratory airflow. An external source of
compressed gas (typically air or helium) is required for pneumatic valve
actuation. The MRI-1 has a built-in digital interface for controlling the ventilator
from an external computer. A serial output provides current ventilator settings for
remote monitoring or data collection.
Besides the standard pneumatic valves, the MRI-1 can be used with any of the
CTP-VA series external valve assemblies for non-magnetic environments. These
valve assemblies are available for a range of animals (see Ordering Information).
INSP FLOW
RESP RATE
PERCENT INSP
HOLD
MANUAL
70 bpm
1.5ml
Insp 50% TI 0.875s
Flow 425ml/m
35 psi MV 105 [OK]
INSP
LOW PRES
ERROR
NORM
POWER
INCORPORATED
PUMP OUT
PUMP IN
FLOW IN
MRI-1 Ventilator
Figure 1: Model MRI-1 Front Panel
2002 CWE, Inc. All Rights Reserved
MADE IN U.S.A.
MRI-1 Ventilator Instruction Manual
p. 5
2.0 VENTILATOR CONNECTIONS AND SETUP
Tubing Connections --- main unit to remote valves:
Setting up the MRI-1 is straightforward (see Figure 3: Connection Diagram). Two
lengths of tubing connect the control unit to the remote valves; one provides the
inspiratory flow to the animal, and the other provides the compressed air for
valve actuation. The flow tubing can be 1/8” (3.1mm) ID Tygon or other
standard flexible laboratory tubing. The valve actuation tubing should be highpressure, semi-rigid tubing with an ID of 0.058” (1.5mm).
Valve actuation tubing --- Connect between the VALVE ACTUATION port (rear
panel) and the top port on each of the two remote valves, using a “T” adapter.
Use tubing clamps on these connections.
Inspiratory flow tubing --- Connect between the FLOW OUT port (rear panel) and
the COM (common) port on the remote INSP valve.
Tubing Connections --- remote valves to animal:
Two short lengths of tubing and a “Y” connector are required. To reduce
compression effects, these tubes should be as short as is convenient, but their
length does not affect dead-space, since flow is unidirectional. The only deadspace is the volume from the distal end of the “Y” connector to the tracheal tube.
This tubing should be 1/8” (3.1mm) inside diameter Tygon or similar for rats and
larger rodents. For mice, use 1/16” (1.6mm) I.D. tubing and a correspondingly
small “Y” fitting.
Inspiration tubing --- Connect between the “I” port on the INSP valve and the “Y”
connector.
Expiration tubing --- Connect between the “E” port on the Exp valve and the “Y”
connector.
Endotracheal tube connections --- The distal end of the “Y” connector must be
securely connected to the endotracheal tube. The form of this connection will
vary depending on the tracheal tube, but in any case it must be leak-proof. A
number of small adapter fittings are included in the Accessory Kit, which should
be of help in establishing a good tracheal tube connection.
Other tubing connections:
If desired, the EXP AIR port on the EXP valve can be used to collect or monitor
expired air from the animal. Otherwise, leave this unconnected. The excess
inspiratory airflow emerges from the INSP VENT port on the INSP valve, which can
be left unconnected.
To use room air for ventilation, connect a short length of tubing between the
PUMP OUT and FLOW IN ports on the front panel of the control unit. If a
pressurized (5-20 psi) anaesthetic gas is being used, connect it to the FLOW IN
port, and leave the PUMP OUT port unconnected.
2002 CWE, Inc. All Rights Reserved
MRI-1 Ventilator Instruction Manual
p. 6
NOTE: If the internal air pump is being used, do not apply a
pressure to the PUMP IN port. A collapsible bag with a gas
mixture can, however, be connected to this port.
Electrical Power Connection:
Be sure that the LINE VOLTAGE SELECTOR switch (rear panel) is set correctly. Plug
the line cord into the receptacle on the rear panel, and plug the other end into a
grounded power receptacle.
PRESSURE VENT
VALVE
ACTUATION
SYNC OUT
FLOW
OUT
Rear
Panel
CAUTION!
REPLACE FUSE
WITH SAME TYPE
AND RATING ONLY!
EXTERNAL
VALVES
CAUTION!
USE 3-WIRE
GROUNDED POWER
CORD ONLY.
PRESSURE IN
DATA INTERFACE
VOLTAGE SELECT
CAUTION!
MAX 50 psi
CWE, INC.
MADE IN U.S.A.
INSP
VALVE
"Y" Connector
Tracheal
Tube
EXP
VALVE
VALVE FLOW PATHS:
INSPIRATION
EXPIRATION
Figure 3: Remote valves tubing connection diagram
2002 CWE, Inc. All Rights Reserved
MRI-1 Ventilator Instruction Manual
p. 7
3.0 VENTILATOR SETTINGS
Respiratory rate and tidal volume:
The basic respiratory parameters of any ventilator are tidal volume (VT) and
respiratory rate (RR). Respiratory rate is set directly using the RESP RATE knob,
and reading it out on the top line of the LCD display.
Tidal volume in a flow-time ventilator has two components which are adjusted
independently: flow rate and inspiratory time (TI). On the MRI-1, TI is always fixed
as a fraction (the I/E ratio) of the total respiratory cycle time (inspiration +
expiration), and thus TI will automatically change when the respiratory rate is
changed. The I/E ratio is set using the % INSP knob, and this setting is shown on
the second line of the LCD display. This ratio can be set anywhere in the range
of 10 – 90% of the total cycle time, but is usually set to around 50%. The
resultant TI is shown on the LCD display.
The second component of tidal volume is inspiratory flow rate. The higher this
flow, the larger the volume that will be delivered for any given TI. The adjustment
knob at the base of the front-panel flowmeter is used to set this flow. An internal
mass flowmeter measures this airflow, and it is reported on the third line of the
LCD display. The resultant VT is shown on the first line of the LCD display.
To summarize, the respiratory rate is set directly. Next, set the % INSP to 50% or
whatever is desired. Finally, adjust the flow rate until the desired tidal volume is
shown.
Minute ventilation:
Minute ventilation (MV) is the total volume delivered to the animal in one minute.
This is simply the product of tidal volume and respiratory rate. MV is reported on
the fourth line of the LCD display in milliliters.
Note that MV does not increase simply by increasing respiratory rate. This may
seem counterintuitive, but on reflection it is easy to see why this is the case. With
a fixed I/E ratio, the inspiratory time always reflects a fixed proportion of the total
cycle time (1/rate). For example, at a rate of 60 bpm, exactly 1.0 second is
available for the total cycle time. If the I/E ratio is 50%, then 0.5 second is the
inspiratory time. If the rate is changed to 120 bpm, the TI will automatically drop
to 0.25 second. Although the respiratory rate has doubled, each inspiration is
only half of what it was before. Thus, the sum of all the inspired volumes remains
the same.
This scheme will be seen to provide extraordinary control over the mechanics
and timing of respiration. Once set up for a given VT, it is a simple matter to
increase or decrease it by changing the flow rate or I/E ratio.
2002 CWE, Inc. All Rights Reserved
MRI-1 Ventilator Instruction Manual
p. 8
4.0 HOLD AND MANUAL SWITCHES
HOLD switch:
When switched to HOLD, the ventilator is put into a constant expiration mode. To
resume normal ventilation, switch to the NORM position. This function is useful in
cases where it is desirable to temporarily suspend respiratory movement, e.g.,
during imaging.
MAN switch:
Pressing this pushbutton causes inspiration to occur, regardless of the state of
the ventilator. Inspiration persists as long as the pushbutton is depressed. This
function is useful for generating a sigh, or temporary hyperinflation.
NOTE: Both of these functions can be operated by remote
control using the DATA INTERFACE on the rear panel. See the
Data Interface section below for details.
5.0 INDICATOR LIGHTS
INSPIRATION:
This green LED turns on during inspiration, and is off during expiration.
LOW PRESSURE:
This LED lights when the valve actuation pressure is below 20 psi (1.4 bar). If
this actuation pressure is too low, the valves will operate sluggishly or not at all.
Normally, the pressure at the Pressure In port should be in the range 25 – 50 psi
(1.7 – 3.4 bar).
ERROR:
This LED lights when the ventilator detects an error condition, such as when the
actuation pressure is too low.
2002 CWE, Inc. All Rights Reserved
MRI-1 Ventilator Instruction Manual
p. 9
6.0 SYNC OUT JACK (rear panel)
This BNC jack provides a TTL-compatible logic signal corresponding to the
current phase of ventilation. Inspiration is logic high (+5V) and expiration is logic
low (0V). This signal is used for synchronizing external equipment to the animal’s
respiratory phase.
7.0 RS232 OUTPUT JACK (rear panel)
This jack provides a standardized RS232 serial output that can be used for
remote monitoring or data collection. The serial protocol is very generic:
9600,N,8,1. The data is output as straight ASCII text in the following format:
rrr,vvv<CR><LF>
where rrr = respiratory rate in bpm, vvv = tidal volume in ml,
<CR> = carriage return (ASCII 13), and <LF> = line feed (ASCII 10).
This data is sent every ten seconds. The mating connector is a 3.5mm mini 3conductor phone plug. A complete serial cable for connection to a PC is wired as
follows:
Phone plug DB9S
========= =====
TIP
pin 2
SHELL
pin 5
8.0 EXTERNAL VALVE JACK (rear panel)
This 4-pin jack is used to connect an EXTERNAL VALVE ASSEMBLY to the ventilator
for use in non-magnetic environments. Any of the CTP-VA series valves may be
used, which are available in sizes suitable for mice to dogs. In addition, multiple
CTP-VA-1 Valve Assemblies (rodent size) can be operated from one MRI-1
controller. This requires the use of one MVA-4 Multi-valve Adapter, and one
external flowmeter for each animal (see Ordering Information). When using
multiple external valve assemblies, the automatic tidal volume calculation feature
of the MRI-1 will not be operative, since the internal flow monitor will not be able
to measure the actual airflow to each animal (other than the one receiving its
FLOW IN source directly from the MRI-1).
2002 CWE, Inc. All Rights Reserved
MRI-1 Ventilator Instruction Manual
p. 10
9.0 DATA INTERFACE (rear panel)
This DB-25 connector provides access to a number of monitoring outputs and
control inputs (see Figure 2). Using these inputs, it is possible to control the
ventilator from an external device such as a computer. All the logic inputs are
TTL-compatible. The output signals have the same properties as described
elsewhere in this manual. The correct mating connector is a DB-25 male
connector.
Standard SAR-830 DATA INTERFACE connections:
Pin 16
Inspiratory Pulse, 1mS pulse at start of inspiration
Pin 17
Expiratory Pulse, 1mS pulse at start of expiration
Pin 18
HOLD Input (NORM=HIGH, HOLD=LOW)
Pin 19
MAN Input (NORM=HIGH, MANUAL INSP=LOW)
Pin 13
Ground
Pin 25
+5V
MRI-1 DATA PORT
1
14
2
15
3
16
I PULSE
17
E PULSE
18
HOLD
19
MANUAL
4
5
6
7
20
8
21
9
22
10
23
11
24
12
25
+5V
13
GND
Required mating connector is
DB25P male plug
Figure 2: MRI-1 Data Port connections
2002 CWE, Inc. All Rights Reserved
MRI-1 Ventilator Instruction Manual
p. 11
10.0 PORT CONNECTIONS (Front Panel)
PUMP IN:
This is the inlet port for the internal air pump. Normally, room air will be drawn in
through this port. Other gasses can be used, but pressure sources should not be
directly connected here. If gas mixtures are being used, use a flexible gas
collection bag as a collapsible reservoir.
PUMP OUT:
This is the outlet port for the internal air pump. To use the internal air pump as
the ventilator pressure source, connect this port to the adjacent FLOW IN port.
FLOW IN:
This is the main inlet for the ventilator’s inspiratory flow. The compressed air (or
other gas) introduced here is the source of inspiratory airflow. This pressure
should be within the range 3 - 20psi. The output of most anesthesia machines
can be connected to this port.
11.0 PORT CONNECTIONS (Rear Panel)
PRESSURE IN:
This is the compressed gas inlet for use in remote pneumatic valve actuation.
Normally, compressed air at around 25 - 50 psi (1.7 - 3.4 bar) is used. To slightly
increase the speed of the remote valves, helium can be used instead of air. It is
recommended that tubing clamps be used on this connection.
NOTE: Do not exceed 90psi (6.1bar) on this port. Pressures
higher than this will cause internal tubing connections to blow
off.
VALVE ACTUATION:
This port is connected using flexible tubing to the actuation (top) ports on the two
remote pneumatic valves. It is recommended that tubing clamps be used on this
connection.
PRESSURE VENT:
This port vents the pressure from the remote valves when they are deactivated.
Normally no connection is required to this port.
2002 CWE, Inc. All Rights Reserved
MRI-1 Ventilator Instruction Manual
p. 12
FLOW OUT:
The constant inspiratory airflow is delivered to the remote valves from this port.
This should be connected to the FLOW IN port of the remote INSP VALVE using
flexible tubing.
12.0 USING ANESTHESIA WITH THE MRI-1
The MRI-1 ventilator is compatible with most forms of inhalational anesthesia. If
an anesthesia machine is available, its pressurized output can be connected
directly to the FLOW IN port on the MRI-1.
CWE, Inc. can also provide complete anesthesia setups. The simplest Isoflurane
or Halothane setup consists of a vaporizer, connected as follows:
ΠConnect the inlet of the vaporizer to the FLOW OUT port on the MRI-1 rear
panel. Connect the tubing supplying inspiratory airflow to the remote valve
set (1/8” ID Tygon) to the outlet of the vaporizer.
• If using room air as the breathing gas, be sure the short tubing jumper
between the PUMP OUT port and FLOW IN port is in place. This allows the
internal air pump to supply the compressed breathing air.
Ž If using oxygen, connect a rubber breathing bag to the PUMP IN port. Keep
this flexible reservoir bag filled with oxygen as needed. This allows the air
pump to draw gas from the bag.
CAUTION! Do not connect pressurized gas directly to the
PUMP IN port! This will damage the internal air pump.
These components are available as an Anesthesia Kit (see Ordering
Information).
2002 CWE, Inc. All Rights Reserved
MRI-1 Ventilator Instruction Manual
p. 13
13.0 USING EXTERNAL VALVE ASSEMBLIES
The MRI-1 comes equipped with a set of non-metallic, pneumatically-actuated
valves. This configuration is designed for use in the intense magnetic
environment associated with MRI equipment. However, the ventilator can also be
used with any of the CTP-VA series External Valve Assemblies available from
CWE, Inc. The valve assemblies use conventional solenoid valves, and are thus
not suitable for the MRI environment.
For ventilating one animal, you need a CTP-VA series valve assembly, a
flowmeter/regulator, and an air source (see Figure 3). The following table shows
which valve assemblies and flowmeters to use for various animals:
Valve Assembly
Flowmeter
Animal
CTP-VA-1
EFM-1-1
Rat, Guinea pig
CTP-VA-3
EFM-1-2.5
Cat, Rabbit
CTP-VA-4
EFM-1-20
Dog, Goat
It is also possible to ventilate up to four rodents simultaneously with just one
MRI-1 control unit. The valve assemblies will all operate synchronously, but
individual tidal volumes can be adjusted independently by varying the flow rate to
each animal. When adding more than one external valve assembly, an electrical
cable adapter is required (Part No. MVA-4). This part provides four expansion
jacks for adding the valve assemblies. With multiple animal setups, a flowmeter
manifold (Part No. EFM-4-x) is useful. With this manifold, one air source can be
used for all the animals being ventilated.
MRI-1 rear panel
VALVES
CTP-VA-x Valve Assembly
I
E
FLOW IN
Valve Assembly
Connection Cable
Note:
For connectiong more than one
Valve Assembly to the ventilator,
use the MVA-4 electrical adapter.
This plugs into the back of the MRI-1,
and provides four jacks for connecting
additional valve assemblies.
Air Pump
or
Compressed air
Tracheal
Tube
Flowmeter
EFM-1 or EFM-4
External Valve Assembly Connections
Figure 3: Using an External Valve Assembly with the MRI-1
2002 CWE, Inc. All Rights Reserved
MRI-1 Ventilator Instruction Manual
p. 14
14.0 SPECIFICATIONS
Respiratory rate range ................................................................. 5 - 200 breaths/min
Inspiratory flow range ........................................................................60 - 1000ml/min
Inspiration/Expiration (I/E ratio) range........................................................... 10 - 90%
Tidal volume range (see Note 1).............................................................. 0.1 - 100ml
Manual control functions ..........HOLD (suspends inspiration), MAN (manual inflation)
LCD panel............................................................................4 lines x 20 chars, backlit
Indicator lights ................................INSPIRATION, LOW PRES WARNING, ERROR
Internal airpump capacity.................................................................................. 1 lpm
Pneumatic valve switching speed (air actuation) ............................................ < 75mS
Pneumatic valve switching speed (Helium actuation) ..................................... < 55mS
Pneumatic valve actuation pressure .............................................................. 3 - 5 bar
Pneumatic valve flow orifices........................................................ 0.080 in. (2.0mm)
Pneumatic valve materials . PTFE body, plastic fasteners, one non-ferrous coil spring
Dimensions, main unit ..................................... 9W x 5.5H x 9D in. (23 x 14 x 23cm)
Dimensions, pneumatic valve (each, of two) ....... 1.0 dia x 1.8 long, in. (47 x 25mm)
Port connections, respiratory and pressure functions .. 0.125" (3mm) ID Tygon tubing
SYNC OUT connector..........................................................................................BNC
Data Port connector........................................................................................ DB-25S
Power requirements.....................................................120/240V (switchable), 100VA
Note 1: Volume is dependent on respiratory rate and airflow rate settings. Large volumes can be
delivered at slow respiratory rates only.
2002 CWE, Inc. All Rights Reserved
MRI-1 Ventilator Instruction Manual
p. 15
15.0 ORDERING INFORMATION
PART No
12-07000
MODEL
MRI-1
DESCRIPTION
Ventilator with remote pneumatic valve set, 115/230V operation,
12-07100
Non-metallic pneumatic valve set with tubing and fittings
12-04000
Pneumatic
Valves
CTP-VA-1
12-05000
CTP-VA-3
Solenoid Valve Assembly, cat to small dog size
12-06000
CTP-VA-4
Solenoid Valve Assembly, dog to goat size
12-10010
MVA-4
Electrical adapter for adding up to 4 external valve assemblies
12-10020
EFM-1
Flowmeter/regulator, with stand, specify range: 1, 2.5, 5, 10, or 20 l/min
12-10021
EFM-4
Flowmeter/regulator manifold w/ 4 flowmeters, with stand, specify range
12-10030
OPTION 020
External Air Pump, 0-1.5l/min range (pumps room air only: no inlet port)
12-10031
OPTION 022
External Air Pump, 0-4l/min range (pumps room air only: no inlet port)
11-10000
CAPSTAR-100
End-tidal CO2 Analyzer, complete with accessory pack, 115/230V operation
13-12000
Halothane kit
Halothane vaporizer, flowmeter, tubing & fittings
13-13000
Isoflurane kit
Isoflurane vaporizer, flowmeter, tubing & fittings
13-10110
1 liter bag
Rubber rebreathing bag, 1 liter
13-10120
3 liter bag
Rubber rebreathing bag, 3 liter
Solenoid Valve Assembly, mouse to Guinea pig size
2002 CWE, Inc. All Rights Reserved
MRI-1 Ventilator Instruction Manual
p. 16
APPENDIX 1: TIDAL VOLUME VS. BODY WEIGHT CHARTS
Tidal Volume Chart
10
40
50
60
70
90
100
7
Breaths per minute
5
4
Tidal Volume (ml)
3
2
1
0.7
0.5
0.4
0.3
40
50
60
0.2
70
90
100
0.1
10
20
30
40 50
70
200
100
300 400 500
700
1000
Body Weight (g)
Tidal Volume Chart
1000
700
500
10
Breaths per minute
15
300
20
25
30
40
Tidal Volume (ml)
200
100
70
50
30
20
10
7
5
3
2
1
1
2
3
4
5 6 7 8 9 10
20
Body Weight (kg)
2002 CWE, Inc. All Rights Reserved
30
40
50
100
MRI-1 Ventilator Instruction Manual
p. 17
APPENDIX 2:
TIDAL VOLUME TABLES
Flow Rate (cc/min)
I Time
(sec)
Typ
Rate
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
3.0
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
4.0
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
5.0
300
150
100
75
60
50
43
38
33
30
27
25
23
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
14
13
12
12
12
11
11
10
10
10
9
9
9
9
8
8
8
8
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
6
6
6
6
0.2
0.3
0.5
0.7
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.3
1.5
1.7
1.8
2.0
2.2
2.3
2.5
2.7
2.8
3.0
3.2
3.3
3.5
3.7
3.8
4.0
4.2
4.3
4.5
4.7
4.8
5.0
5.2
5.3
5.5
5.7
5.8
6.0
6.2
6.3
6.5
6.7
6.8
7.0
7.2
7.3
7.5
7.7
7.8
8.0
8.2
8.3
0.3
0.7
1.0
1.3
1.7
2.0
2.3
2.7
3.0
3.3
3.7
4.0
4.3
4.7
5.0
5.3
5.7
6.0
6.3
6.7
7.0
7.3
7.7
8.0
8.3
8.7
9.0
9.3
9.7
10.0
10.3
10.7
11.0
11.3
11.7
12.0
12.3
12.7
13.0
13.3
13.7
14.0
14.3
14.7
15.0
15.3
15.7
16.0
16.3
16.7
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
15.0
15.5
16.0
16.5
17.0
17.5
18.0
18.5
19.0
19.5
20.0
20.5
21.0
21.5
22.0
22.5
23.0
23.5
24.0
24.5
25.0
0.7
1.3
2.0
2.7
3.3
4.0
4.7
5.3
6.0
6.7
7.3
8.0
8.7
9.3
10.0
10.7
11.3
12.0
12.7
13.3
14.0
14.7
15.3
16.0
16.7
17.3
18.0
18.7
19.3
20.0
20.7
21.3
22.0
22.7
23.3
24.0
24.7
25.3
26.0
26.7
27.3
28.0
28.7
29.3
30.0
30.7
31.3
32.0
32.7
33.3
0.8
1.7
2.5
3.3
4.2
5.0
5.8
6.7
7.5
8.3
9.2
10.0
10.8
11.7
12.5
13.3
14.2
15.0
15.8
16.7
17.5
18.3
19.2
20.0
20.8
21.7
22.5
23.3
24.2
25.0
25.8
26.7
27.5
28.3
29.2
30.0
30.8
31.7
32.5
33.3
34.2
35.0
35.8
36.7
37.5
38.3
39.2
40.0
40.8
41.7
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
7.0
8.0
9.0
10.0
11.0
12.0
13.0
14.0
15.0
16.0
17.0
18.0
19.0
20.0
21.0
22.0
23.0
24.0
25.0
26.0
27.0
28.0
29.0
30.0
31.0
32.0
33.0
34.0
35.0
36.0
37.0
38.0
39.0
40.0
41.0
42.0
43.0
44.0
45.0
46.0
47.0
48.0
49.0
50.0
1.2
2.3
3.5
4.7
5.8
7.0
8.2
9.3
10.5
11.7
12.8
14.0
15.2
16.3
17.5
18.7
19.8
21.0
22.2
23.3
24.5
25.7
26.8
28.0
29.2
30.3
31.5
32.7
33.8
35.0
36.2
37.3
38.5
39.7
40.8
42.0
43.2
44.3
45.5
46.7
47.8
49.0
50.2
51.3
52.5
53.7
54.8
56.0
57.2
58.3
1.3
2.7
4.0
5.3
6.7
8.0
9.3
10.7
12.0
13.3
14.7
16.0
17.3
18.7
20.0
21.3
22.7
24.0
25.3
26.7
28.0
29.3
30.7
32.0
33.3
34.7
36.0
37.3
38.7
40.0
41.3
42.7
44.0
45.3
46.7
48.0
49.3
50.7
52.0
53.3
54.7
56.0
57.3
58.7
60.0
61.3
62.7
64.0
65.3
66.7
1.5
3.0
4.5
6.0
7.5
9.0
10.5
12.0
13.5
15.0
16.5
18.0
19.5
21.0
22.5
24.0
25.5
27.0
28.5
30.0
31.5
33.0
34.5
36.0
37.5
39.0
40.5
42.0
43.5
45.0
46.5
48.0
49.5
51.0
52.5
54.0
55.5
57.0
58.5
60.0
61.5
63.0
64.5
66.0
67.5
69.0
70.5
72.0
73.5
75.0
1.7
3.3
5.0
6.7
8.3
10.0
11.7
13.3
15.0
16.7
18.3
20.0
21.7
23.3
25.0
26.7
28.3
30.0
31.7
33.3
35.0
36.7
38.3
40.0
41.7
43.3
45.0
46.7
48.3
50.0
51.7
53.3
55.0
56.7
58.3
60.0
61.7
63.3
65.0
66.7
68.3
70.0
71.7
73.3
75.0
76.7
78.3
80.0
81.7
83.3
2002 CWE, Inc. All Rights Reserved
MRI-1 Ventilator Instruction Manual
p. 18
APPENDIX 2, cont’d: TIDAL VOLUME TABLES
Flow Rate (cc/min)
Time
(sec)
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3.0
3.2
3.4
3.6
3.8
4.0
4.2
4.4
4.6
4.8
5.0
5.2
5.4
5.6
5.8
6.0
6.2
6.4
6.6
6.8
7.0
7.2
7.4
7.6
7.8
8.0
8.2
8.4
8.6
8.8
9.0
9.2
9.4
9.6
9.8
10.0
Typ
Rate
150
75
50
38
30
25
21
19
17
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
9
8
8
7
7
7
7
6
6
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
200
0.7
1.3
2.0
2.7
3.3
4.0
4.7
5.3
6.0
6.7
7.3
8.0
8.7
9.3
10.0
10.7
11.3
12.0
12.7
13.3
14.0
14.7
15.3
16.0
16.7
17.3
18.0
18.7
19.3
20.0
20.7
21.3
22.0
22.7
23.3
24.0
24.7
25.3
26.0
26.7
27.3
28.0
28.7
29.3
30.0
30.7
31.3
32.0
32.7
33.3
400
1.3
2.7
4.0
5.3
6.7
8.0
9.3
10.7
12.0
13.3
14.7
16.0
17.3
18.7
20.0
21.3
22.7
24.0
25.3
26.7
28.0
29.3
30.7
32.0
33.3
34.7
36.0
37.3
38.7
40.0
41.3
42.7
44.0
45.3
46.7
48.0
49.3
50.7
52.0
53.3
54.7
56.0
57.3
58.7
60.0
61.3
62.7
64.0
65.3
66.7
600
2.0
4.0
6.0
8.0
10.0
12.0
14.0
16.0
18.0
20.0
22.0
24.0
26.0
28.0
30.0
32.0
34.0
36.0
38.0
40.0
42.0
44.0
46.0
48.0
50.0
52.0
54.0
56.0
58.0
60.0
62.0
64.0
66.0
68.0
70.0
72.0
74.0
76.0
78.0
80.0
82.0
84.0
86.0
88.0
90.0
92.0
94.0
96.0
98.0
100.0
800
2.7
5.3
8.0
10.7
13.3
16.0
18.7
21.3
24.0
26.7
29.3
32.0
34.7
37.3
40.0
42.7
45.3
48.0
50.7
53.3
56.0
58.7
61.3
64.0
66.7
69.3
72.0
74.7
77.3
80.0
82.7
85.3
88.0
90.7
93.3
96.0
98.7
101.3
104.0
106.7
109.3
112.0
114.7
117.3
120.0
122.7
125.3
128.0
130.7
133.3
1000
3.3
6.7
10.0
13.3
16.7
20.0
23.3
26.7
30.0
33.3
36.7
40.0
43.3
46.7
50.0
53.3
56.7
60.0
63.3
66.7
70.0
73.3
76.7
80.0
83.3
86.7
90.0
93.3
96.7
100.0
103.3
106.7
110.0
113.3
116.7
120.0
123.3
126.7
130.0
133.3
136.7
140.0
143.3
146.7
150.0
153.3
156.7
160.0
163.3
166.7
1200
4.0
8.0
12.0
16.0
20.0
24.0
28.0
32.0
36.0
40.0
44.0
48.0
52.0
56.0
60.0
64.0
68.0
72.0
76.0
80.0
84.0
88.0
92.0
96.0
100.0
104.0
108.0
112.0
116.0
120.0
124.0
128.0
132.0
136.0
140.0
144.0
148.0
152.0
156.0
160.0
164.0
168.0
172.0
176.0
180.0
184.0
188.0
192.0
196.0
200.0
2002 CWE, Inc. All Rights Reserved
1400
4.7
9.3
14.0
18.7
23.3
28.0
32.7
37.3
42.0
46.7
51.3
56.0
60.7
65.3
70.0
74.7
79.3
84.0
88.7
93.3
98.0
102.7
107.3
112.0
116.7
121.3
126.0
130.7
135.3
140.0
144.7
149.3
154.0
158.7
163.3
168.0
172.7
177.3
182.0
186.7
191.3
196.0
200.7
205.3
210.0
214.7
219.3
224.0
228.7
233.3
1600
5.3
10.7
16.0
21.3
26.7
32.0
37.3
42.7
48.0
53.3
58.7
64.0
69.3
74.7
80.0
85.3
90.7
96.0
101.3
106.7
112.0
117.3
122.7
128.0
133.3
138.7
144.0
149.3
154.7
160.0
165.3
170.7
176.0
181.3
186.7
192.0
197.3
202.7
208.0
213.3
218.7
224.0
229.3
234.7
240.0
245.3
250.7
256.0
261.3
266.7
1800
6.0
12.0
18.0
24.0
30.0
36.0
42.0
48.0
54.0
60.0
66.0
72.0
78.0
84.0
90.0
96.0
102.0
108.0
114.0
120.0
126.0
132.0
138.0
144.0
150.0
156.0
162.0
168.0
174.0
180.0
186.0
192.0
198.0
204.0
210.0
216.0
222.0
228.0
234.0
240.0
246.0
252.0
258.0
264.0
270.0
276.0
282.0
288.0
294.0
300.0
2000
6.7
13.3
20.0
26.7
33.3
40.0
46.7
53.3
60.0
66.7
73.3
80.0
86.7
93.3
100.0
106.7
113.3
120.0
126.7
133.3
140.0
146.7
153.3
160.0
166.7
173.3
180.0
186.7
193.3
200.0
206.7
213.3
220.0
226.7
233.3
240.0
246.7
253.3
260.0
266.7
273.3
280.0
286.7
293.3
300.0
306.7
313.3
320.0
326.7
333.3
MRI-1 Ventilator Instruction Manual
p. 19
APPENDIX 3: TYPICAL VENTILATOR SETTINGS FOR RODENTS
Body
Weight
Tidal
Volume
Resp
Rate
Insp
Flow
I/E
Ratio
(g)
(ml)
(br/min)
(ml/min)
(%)
30
0.22
90
40
50
50
0.40
75
60
50
100
0.90
60
110
50
200
1.70
50
170
50
300
2.30
50
230
50
500
4.00
40
320
50
Note: Settings above are suggested guidelines. You will probably need to adjust the settings for
your particular animal, depending on its condition, anesthesia, or other factors.
2002 CWE, Inc. All Rights Reserved
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